A STEWARDSHIP REPORT
And Mechanical University
FIEtu *. A
GEORGE W. GORE, JR.
A STEWARDSHIP REPORT
And Mechanical University
GEORGE W. GORE, JR.
It is generally expected and an acceptable practice to
prepare and submit an end-of-tour or duty report regarding
the stewardship of the outgoing administration. This report
represents some of the major accomplishments of Florida
Agricultural and Mechanical University during and by the
Gore administration. Much of the information was taken
directly from The History of Florida Agricultural and Mechani-
cal University by Leedell W. Neyland and John W. Riley. It
has been prepared with reference mostly to Dr. Gore, but
without the faithful and loyal support of Governors of Florida,
the Administrators of the State University System of Florida,
students, faculty, staff, alumni, friends, and citizens, these
accomplishments could not have been realized.
Whenever a leader arrives at this lonesome spot he might
look back and see the elements he has used in his successful
rise to leadership. The list would include all or most of the
2. Health and strength
3. Emotional stability
4. Intelligence and education
5. Confidence and ambition
6. Capacity to make decisions promptly using sound judgment
7. Sensitivity to the group led and humaneness
8. Ability, imagination and inventiveness
9. Consistency with sound planning
10. Supersalesmanship with a sense of humor
11. Gambler's attitude and the ability to remain free of
12. A dash of luck and circumstances
Leadership is a privilege. If a man possessed the required
attributes, it is his obligation to lead and he should advance
so far as his capacity of leadership will take him. He should let
leadership spread horizontally and not vertically or selfishly
toward himself. "A psychologist who studied three types of
leaders:-criminals, army officers, and student leaders-found
three traits that were common to all: (1) speed of decision,
(2) finality of decision, (3) self-confidence." "Civilization is
always in danger when those who have never learned to obey
are given the right to command."
Leadership can only be achieved by the individual and
one should not be critical of another leader for being better
than yourself-remember it is not his fault. The leader's efforts
must be deliberate and persistent, and if they are, he, too,
may approach the altar and give a firm "I am."
-James H. McCrocklin
GEORGE WILLIAM GORE, JR., assumed the presidency
of Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College for Negroes
on April 1, 1950. He came to Tallahassee from Tennessee A.
and I. State College in Nashville where he had served as Dean
of the College and Director of the Graduate Division.
A new epoch in the history of Florida A. and M. began as
Florida A. and M. and its new administration faced a chal-
lenging future. From an enrollment of 1822 students and a
graduating class of 351 seniors in 1950, the institution ex-
panded to 3783 students in the fall of 1967; graduated 526
seniors in June 1968 and now lists 235 candidates for degrees
on August 23, 1968. With this notable progress in enrollment,
the institution also improved the quality of its educational
program and stands at the crossroads in the development of
higher education in the State University System.
Two of the main objectives for Florida A. and M. as
stated by the President in 1950 were (1) the recruitment of
additional and well-qualified faculty and (2) the improvement
of the academic climate. At the beginning of the 1950-51 aca-
demic year there were twelve (12) faculty members out of a
total of 183 holding earned doctorate degrees. During the
last academic year of his administration, 1967-68, sixty-eight
(68) out of a teaching faculty of 207, held the earned doctorate
The state appropriations budgeted for Florida A. and M.
totaled $2,731,470.84 for a physical plant valued at $5,981,410.
For the 1968-69 fiscal year, an appropriation of $10,124,133
has been approved for a physical plant currently valued at
$25 million. Salaries for members of the academic staff for a
twelve-month period ranged from a low of $2100 to a high of
$6000. Whereas, for the 1968-69 school year, the salaries
range from a low of $6500 to a high of $15,000 for nine
months and a high of $23,000 for twelve months.
Dr. Gore was inaugurated as President of Florida A. and
M. College for Negroes on November 4, 1950. In accepting the
presidency, he presented the following blueprint of activities
for the immediate future. Quoting from his inaugural address,
Dr. Gore said:
". .Today as we begin a new era in the history of the
institution, it seems appropriate to present a blueprint of our
activities for the immediate future. Ultimately our goal must
be to establish on this hill an institution worthy of the tra-
ditions of the founding fathers and dedicated to the evolving
needs of the youth of Florida in the second half of the twentieth
century. Our six point pro-program is as follows:
1. To develop an institution of higher learning to include fully
accredited schools of Agriculture, Education, Engineering
and Mechanical Arts, Home Economics, Arts and Sciences,
Nursing, Pharmacy, Law and Graduate Studies.
2. To recruit a staff of scholars, teachers and professional
workers to give efficient and inspired instruction in the
several departments of a genuine university system.
3. To provide adequate classroom, housing, dining hall, library,
laboratory and recreational facilities by the improvement
of the present plant and by the addition of the following
(1) Dormitories for men
( 2 ) A new demonstration high school building
( 3 ) A combination Agricultural and Home Economics Building
( 4 ) Faculty Apartment Houses
( 5) Completion of north wing of Library
(6) A Student Union Building
( 7 ) An Engineering and Mechanical Arts Building
(8) A Science and Pharmacy Building
(9) A dormitory for women
(10) A Physical Education Building
(11) A Music and Drama Building
(12) An ROTC Building
(13) Additional Farm Land and Equipment
4. To provide an environment in which students and scholars
may work on physical, social and humanitarian problems
of special significance to the southern region and to the
nation. To this end, the institution must cooperate with re-
search projects conducted by governmental, scientific, com-
mercial, and other organizations.
5. To serve the varying educational needs of the State of
Florida through the preparation of teachers and leaders,
and through the training of its citizenry by conducting
extension classes, short courses, and consultative services.
In short to regard the State of Florida as our campus and
to serve its needs accordingly.
6. To develop an institution that can rightfully take its
place as one of the major institutions of higher learning
in the State of Florida with a student body, faculty, cur-
ricula and facilities second to none in the state.
This is our task. Again we are most grateful to all who have
helped make this occasion a memorable one. We are appreciative
of your expressions of faith, hope and confidence. Together
we can make of Florida A. and M. College all that it should be.
With great humility I press forward toward the mark of the
high calling and toward the great tasks and goals which lie
Eighteen years have come and gone and every possible
effort has been made in some degree to achieve the blueprint
which was outlined in 1950.
As the President's program was being outlined in his
inaugural message, already the implementation of several
phases of it was in the progress, for he had already been in
office for slightly more than seven months. In keeping with
the ideal of the slogan which he later coined, "Quality is
FAMC's Measure," he early instituted certain academic, de-
partmental, divisional, and administrative changes designed
to improve the quality of service rendered. To understand
and meet the demands and needs of students more adequately,
an administrative council consisting of deans, other admini-
strators, and faculty members was established to assist the
President in coping with the problems of the college. Also,
important instructional changes were made when the college
increased its divisions from seven to eleven. The four new
divisions were Pharmacy, Law, Engineering and Mechanical
Arts, and Graduate Agriculture.
As President of Florida A. and M., Dr. Gore initiated
the idea of having a "Senior Chat" with graduating seniors
during both the Spring and Summer Commencement activities.
Two major events took place at Florida A. and M. in 1951.
The Board of Control approved the name of "Florida Agri-
cultural and Mechanical College" and instruction in the Di-
vision of Law began with five students and four faculty
members. From 1951 through June 30, 1968, a total of 57
students have received their degrees in Law and many have
distinguished themselves in this field. Although courses in
pharmacy were authorized by the Board in 1949, the first
courses of instruction were not actually offered until Septem-
ber 1951, when the Division of Pharmacy was officially estab-
Among the major accomplishments of the institution in
1952 were the accreditation of the School of Nursing by the
National League for Nursing (until June, 1963), the creation
of a campus police force, the creation of the Division of Stu-
dent Welfare, the creation of the Test Service Bureau, and
on May 14, 1952, the inauguration of the first "Community
Day" observance. Also in 1952, the President was cited by
his Alma Mater, DePauw University, as the "outstanding
alumnus." During the ceremony for this occasion, he received
a citation for meritorious service and achievement. The ci-
tation read as follows:
Upon the recommendation of the Alumni Association and with
the approval of the Board of Trustees and Visitors this Alumni
Citation is awarded to George William Gore, Jr., in recognition
of outstanding achievements and services which reflect honor
upon DePauw University. Dated this eighteenth day of October,
Nineteen hundred and fifty-two.
The institution was approved to become a state university
known as Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University at
which time a reorganization of the whole academic program
occurred. As a university, the institution was reorganized
into eight schools or colleges with a dean in charge of each.
The eight schools or colleges were: the School of Agriculture
and Home Economics, the College of Arts and Sciences, the
School of Education, the School of Engineering and Mechanical
Arts, the Graduate School, the College of Law, the School of
Nursing, and the School of Pharmacy.
The historic Supreme Court decision was made in 1954
abolishing segregation in public schools and discarding the
traditional concept that education could be separate but equal.
At Florida A. and M. University in 1954, the School of Phar-
macy was elected to associate membership in the American
Association of Colleges of Pharmacy and the College of Law
was accredited under Rule 1B of the Supreme Court of Florida.
This rule permitted students receiving their Bachelor of Laws
degree from the University to take the Bar Examination
for admission to practice in Florida. During this same year,
the newly constructed Law Wing to the Coleman Library was
The President was elected to serve as Vice Chairman
of the National Education Association Defense Commis-
sion. In his report during the ninety-third annual meeting
of the NEA, he emphasized his belief in the worth of the
public schools when he stated: "The American public school
system is the backbone of American democracy. An informed
electorate is absolutely essential to our democratic way of life.
Education and democracy are thus interrelated and dependent
upon each other."
The College of Law was accredited by the American Bar
Association and maintained its accreditation status until its
demise on June 30, 1968. During this same year, the Deans'
Council and the Faculty Senate were created-the latter
becoming the legislative body for the university.
The year 1956 was a disruptive one for Tallahassee and
Florida A. and M. University-the year of the bus boycott
by Negroes which preceded the sit-in, the kneel-in, the wade-
in, and the stand-in demonstrations throughout the nation.
As President of Florida A. and M. University, Dr. Gore was
projected indirectly into the stream of these conflicts. By
maintaining that he was first and foremost an educator and
not a politician, policeman, or warden, he was able to make
adjustments which served the best interest of the institution.
In 1956, approval was given the School of Pharmacy to
extend its professional program from four to five years be-
ginning with the freshman class of 1957. During this same
period, the President began the official publication of The
Faculty Notes which has served as his official communication
to all faculty and the administrative staff. Since 1956, The
Faculty Notes has been published and issued monthly by the
Office of the President.
Perhaps the most momentous event of 1957 was the ad-
mission of Florida A. and M. University to full membership
in the Southern Association of Schools and Colleges on De-
cember 5, 1957. This university was one among eighteen
Negro institutions to be so recognized at that time. But be-
fore December 1957, one of Florida A. and M. University's
alumni, Mrs. Jessie Bennett Sams, had written a bestseller
which was published in 1957 entitled, White Mother. Mrs.
Sams received her degree in 1938.
Another significant administrative change within the
institution in 1957 affected the Florida A. and M. University
Hospital. Upon the recommendation of the Board of Control,
the Legislature created a Board of Trustees appointed by
Governor LeRoy Collins and responsible to the Board of
Control for operation.
In 1957, Althea Gibson, another outstanding alumna of
Florida A. and M. University, won the Wimbledon American
Women's Tennis Champion and was selected as the outstand-
ing female athlete of the year. She also won two world top
championships during this year.
The University reached another landmark in its academic
program when in July 1957, it established a program of
Nuclear Sciences. This program was initiated to equip a
nuclear laboratory and relieve teaching loads of full-time
faculty for research.
The President, in 1958, initiated the practice of awarding
full tuition scholarships to any student who maintained an
"A" average for one semester while carrying a normal load.
This offer was subsequently amended to give a full year of
study to any student who maintained an "A" average for
one academic year.
During this same year, the FAMU Playmakers Guild
brought international fame to the institution when it toured
West, Central, East, and North Africa upon a special invi-
tation by President Eisenhower's Special International Pro-
The highlight for President and Mrs. Gore in 1958 was
a trip to the World's Fair in Brussels, Belgium, as representa-
tives of the university. This trip was a gift from the FAMU
family. While in Europe, the Gores visited in Belgium, Italy,
France, and England.
The President was elected Vice President of the Associa-
tion of College Honor Societies, the Pan Hellenic Council for
thirty leading graduate and professional groups with chapters
throughout the nation.
During this same year, the university inaugurated a
Placement Bureau to assist students in finding employment.
Representatives of industry, federal and state government
regularly visit our campus to recruit students for employment
in their various agencies. Also in 1959, the name of the
School of Nursing Education was changed to the School of
Nursing. The American Association of University Women
placed the institution on its approved list, making the alumnae
of the institution eligible for membership in chapters through-
out the nation.
The Carillon was installed on the campus at a cost of
$2676 which was made possible by alumni, friends, and classes
from 1953 to 1959. Lee Hall, the administration building, was
closed in 1960 for renovation at a cost of $500,000. During
this same year the President appointed an Advisory Council
composed of alumni and citizens of Tallahassee.
On April 1, 1960, a date which marked the beginning of
the second decade of Dr. Gore's administration, a special
celebration was held in Lee Auditorium at which recognition
for a decade of worthy accomplishments was given by mem-
bers of the faculty, students, alumni, and friends of the
institution. The April edition of the FAMUAN summarized
some of the high points of the Gore administration in an
article entitled, "Dr. George W. Gore Begins Second Decade
as President of FAMU." While this article simply reiterates
some of the events mentioned earlier, the statement from
the students is of significance. It read:
During the past decade, Florida A. and M. University has under-
gone a vast program of expansion in the following areas-
enrollment, physical plant, curriculum, and faculty and staff.
Since 1950, there have been erected on the campus 23 build-
ings valued at over $10 million. An enrollment of approximately
1600 students in 1950 has expanded to over 2800 in 1959-60.
Whereas the total number of employees in 1949-50 was 635
including hospital personnel, in 1959-60 it is 736 exclusive of
In 1953, the institution was changed from a State College with
emphasis on land-grant and teacher education to a State Uni-
versity with professional schools. In 1957, it was admitted into
full membership into the Southern Association of Colleges and
Secondary Schools. International aspects of the institution's con-
tacts were accentuated by the employment of graduates and
staff members on special governmental projects in Liberia, In-
donesia, Ethiopia, Ghana and Iraq. The President was sent as a
representative of the University to Europe and the Brussels
In the following year several interracial and service fraternities
were established on the campus among which were Kappa Delta
Pi in Education and Alpha Phi Omega, the Service fraternity.
The enrollment figures for 1958-59 and 1959-60 have been the
highest in the history of the institution despite the fact that
admission requirements are being raised annually and seven
community junior colleges are in operation. For the present
year, students are enrolled from 62 counties in Florida, 19
states, the District of Columbia, and four foreign countries.
The 1959 Orange Blossom Classic surpassed all previous ones
in attendance records and again saw FAMU declared the un-
disputed national football champions. Other important events
include the establishment of a Placement Bureau, a thorough-
going program of student activities under the direction of the
Student Union Board, the reaccreditation of the university by
the Southern Association and the American Council on Pharma-
ceutical Education, and most recently the addition of FAMU
to the list of approved institutions by the American Association
of University Women.
The President began his monthly dinner-meetings with
student leaders to discuss student problems.
The institution was granted full membership in the Flori-
da Association of Colleges and Universities; the faculty be-
gan a Role and Scope Study of the University; and the insti-
tution held its first "University Acquaintance Day." The
purpose of this day was to introduce high school students
to the many diversified programs which the institution offers.
The campus community was honored in 1961 with a visit
from Ambassador W. M. Q. Halm from the newly independent
country of Ghana in Africa.
Florida A. and M. University celebrated its Diamond
Anniversary and had as its general theme: "FAMU: Illus-
trious Past. Challenging Future." The monthly themes
were as follows: January, "The History of FAMU;" February,
"The Healing Arts;" March, "Focusing Attention on Scholar-
ship;" April, "FAMU Hall of Fame;" May "Emphasizing the
Cultural;" June, "Diamond Anniversary Commencement;"
July, "The Great State of Florida;" August, "Commence-
ment and Forum on Adult Education;" September, "Africa;"
October, "Athletics on Parade;" November, "The Role of the
Land-Grant College;" and December, "The Orange Blossom
Classic: The FAMU of the Future."
FAMU began the official celebration of her seventy-fifth
birthday with a university-wide convocation in the newly
refurbished Lee Hall Auditorium on January 15. Present were
dignitaries representing the State of Florida, the City of
Tallahassee, the State Board of Education, and the Board
of Control, as well as many alumni and well-wishers from
many parts of the state. Governor Farris Bryant represented
the State of Florida, Senator Wilson Carraway represented
Leon County and the State Legislature, Dr. J. B. Culpepper,
Executive Director, represented the Board of Control, Attorney
Charles Wilson, President of the FAMU National Alumni
Association, represented the alumni, Mrs. L. B. Clarke repre-
sented the faculty, and Mr. Percy L. Goodman represented
the student body. One of the major accomplishments during
the Diamond Anniversary Celebration was the publication
of The History of Florida Agricultural and Mechanical Uni-
versity written by Dr. Leedell W. Neyland and Mr. John W.
In September 1962, the institution began operation under
the trimester system along with all Florida State-Supported
Universities. During this same period, Miss Conchita Clarke,
Soprano finalist and three time winner on National Television
Ted Mack Amateur Show, appeared for a ten-week engage-
ment as soloist at Radio City Music Hall, New York City.
The Famu Marching Band performed on national tele-
vision when it gave the half-time show at the Playoff Bowl
Game in the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida, on January 6.
The Playmakers toured military installations in Great Britain,
France, Germany, and Italy. The tour was sponsored by the
United Service Organization and the American Educational
Theatre Association. Robert Hayes, by breaking the world's
record for the 100-yard dash at 9.1 seconds, was heralded as
being the "world's fastest human being."
Florida A. and M. University was awarded a grant of
$100,000 by the Carnegie Corporation for advanced study for
faculty members. Under this program, a total of eleven (11)
persons have been awarded grants to study at Florida State
University; and in December 1967, Mrs. Gertrude L. Simmons,
Associate Professor in the School of Education, completed
requirements for the Ph.D. degree thus becoming the first
Negro to achieve such distinction at Florida State. Five re-
search projects have been awarded under this grant and two
persons have been awarded Carnegie Grants for the 1968-69
academic year. Florida A. and M. University was named
beneficiary of an estate of Miss Edna M. Ayers of Pound
Ridge, New York, in the amount of $27,444.53. This money
has been used for scholarships for worthy and needy students
and for matching funds. The Multi-Occupational Demonstra-
tion Project sponsored by the United States Department of
Labor and the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare,
began in December under the direction of Dr. Thomas A.
Jackson with a grant of approximately $400,000.
FAMU, Florida, and the Nation, were brought additional
fame in 1964 when Robert "Bob" Hayes won two gold medals
for the United States at the 1964 Olympic Games in Tokyo,
The institution was one of the 17 schools to be awarded
a grant from the Office of Economic Opportunity for a pilot
project labeled "Upward Bound," under Title II of the
Economic Opportunity Act of 1964. Under the direction of Dr.
Clinita A. Ford, Florida A. and M. received $352,604 for this
project which has been acclaimed one of the best in the United
On July 1, 1965, the institution established the Office of
Research and Grants headed by Dr. Benjamin L. Perry, Jr.
The administration, in cooperation with Dr. Perry, received
grants totaling approximately $4 million or more during the
period 1965 to 1968. Grants have been received from such
agencies as the National Science Foundation, United States
Department of Agriculture, United States Department of
Labor, the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare,
United States Office of Education, Southern Education Founda-
tion, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and the Florida State
Department of Education.
Florida A. and M. was one of 23 institutions awarded
grants from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation for a develop-
ment program. Florida A. and M. received $33,333 on a match-
ing formula basis. The alumni contributed over $25,000 toward
this matching fund.
Florida A. and M. received its second Multi-Occupational
Demonstration project. The President was appointed to serve
on the Southern Regional Education Board's Commission on
Higher Educational Opportunity in the South designed to
improve the 118 predominantly Negro institutions.
The institution was approved and funded for its
second "Upward Bound" Project. During the same year four
students from Florida A. and M. were among 105 undergradu-
ates from predominantly Negro colleges chosen to participate
in an intensive program of summer study at one of three major
universities: Columbia, Harvard and Yale. Florida A. and M.
also began a two-year Self-Study for the Southern Association
of Colleges and Schools. For the first time, a Charter for the
establishment of the Florida Agricultural and Mechanical Uni-
versity Foundation, Inc., was issued by the Secretary of State.
The purpose of the Foundation is "to encourage, solicit, re-
ceive and administer gifts and bequests of property and funds
for scientific, educational and charitable purposes, all for the
advancement of Florida A. and M. University."
A major personal accomplishment achieved by the Presi-
dent was his being named as a recipient of a honorary Doctor
of Laws degree bestowed by his Alma Mater, DePauw Uni-
versity, at its June Commencement exercises.
Two major new programs were initiated in 1967: (1) The
Curriculum Development Project, a cooperative program of 13
predominantly Negro institutions administered through the
Institute for Services to Education, Inc.; and (2) The National
Teaching Fellowship Program designed to permit experienced
teachers to be assigned self-study responsibilities in various
departments and to revise curricular offerings.
Both of these programs were sponsored by funds from the
United States Office of Education. Other significant grants
received were the renewal of the "Upward Bound" Project-
$184,257, and Educational Opportunity Grants totalling
For the first time, the institution initiated the "Presi-
dential Scholarship" program which offered Florida students
scoring 350 and above on the Florida State-Wide Twelfth Grade
Test $2500 for a four-year period provided the scholars main-
tained a "B" average or better while carrying a normal aca-
A Faculty Development Program provided for by the
State University System was introduced on campus with some
ten members of the teaching faculty being given opportunities
to pursue terminal degrees, special creative and research pro-
jects or self-improvement.
The Florida A. and M. University Demonstration School
was one of 32 schools in Florida to receive an "All Clear"
rating from the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools,
Commission on Secondary Schools.
Among the significant alumni accomplishments recorded
during this year were the appointment of Attorney Jesse
McCrary as an Assistant Attorney General, Attorney Ed
Duffee as Assistant to the Secretary of State, all firsts for
Negroes in the history of the State of Florida. Two alumnae
were elected to the City Council of Duval County and several
alumni have been elected City Commissioners in the State of
1967 was also the year of student unrest throughout the
world and Florida A. and M. University was also thrust into
This year marked the beginning of an era unique in the
history of Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University.
For the first time in the institution's 81 years of existence,
the doors were closed to students during a regular school
session due mainly to the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther
King, Jr. During the week of the school's closing, meetings
were held with faculty and students which resulted in the
appointment of a "FAMU Clearinghouse Committee" composed
of eight students and eight faculty members to review student
complaints and to make recommendations for institutional
A Committee from the Southern Association of Colleges
and Schools visited the institution in April for a review of ac-
creditation standards and practices. A Self-Study report pre-
pared by the faculty and administration had been submitted
The National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Edu-
cation (NCATE) gave full accreditation to the institution's
programs in elementary and secondary teaching at the Bac-
calaureate degree level until 1972.
A new School of Technology began operation in July with
instruction scheduled to begin in September.
For the first time in the history of the institution,
doctorate degrees were awarded in June. The College of Law
graduates received Juris Doctor degrees instead of the former
Bachelor of Laws degrees.
A Student Exchange Program was initiated with Smith
College and the University of North Dakota.
Dr. Elsie H. Wallace received Florida A. and M. Uni-
versity's first $1000 "Teacher of the Year" Award at the June
Commencement exercises. This award is designed to pay trib-
ute to and reward those who excel as classroom teachers and
to encourage others to become more effective teachers.
The Relay Team, having won the 440-yard relay for the
third straight year at the Penn Relays, retired the James P.
Patterson Challenge Cup and presented it to the institution.
The FAMU Show Timers received an invitation from the
Overseas Touring Committee of the National Music Council,
the USO, and the Department of Defense, to make a tour for
the Caribbean Command in 1969.
A major concern for the university through the years
has been the matter of salaries for faculty and staff. During
the past two years, substantial increases have been provided
by the State Legislature and the Board of Regents. The fol-
lowing statement was published in the Summer 1968 AAUP
Bulletin: "Institutions which achieved double-jumps in the
average compensation scale include Rutgers State University,
which should be noted for its remarkable performance in ad-
vancing from C to A; Florida Agricultural and Mechanical
University and the College of Notre Dame (California), in
progressing from E to C; and Judson College, F to D."
For a more effective, uniform and meritorious pay plan,
the staff of the University has been categorized as (1) the
Administrative and Professional Group and (2) the Career
Service Employees Group. Such a system should motivate
improvement in the quality of work of employees and en-
courage equitableness in salaries and promotion.
The President has been continuously involved during the
18 years of his administration in trying to meet the building
needs of the institution. The following is a list of buildings
which have been constructed during Dr. Gore's administration
based on actual cost at the time of construction:
Dairy Barn, $87,000; Faculty Duplexes (3), $51,080;
Building Construction Laboratory, $10,000; Law Wing of Cole-
man Library, $400,000; ROTC, $250,000; Guest House, $45,
000; Addition to Nurses' Home, Jacksonville, $12,000; Addition
to University Commons, $250,000; Gibbs Hall, $937,000;
Science-Pharmacy Building, $1,000,000; Classroom Building,
Tucker Hall, $1,000,000; Agriculture-Home Economics Build-
ing, $1,250,000; Student Union Building, $500,000; Demon-
stration School Cafeteria, $159,000; Demonstration School
Building, $500,000; Football Stadium, $366,000; Truth Hall,
$500,000; Annex to Student Union Building, $750,000; Health
and Physical Education Building, $1,000,000; Lee Hall Reno-
vations, $500,000; Polkinghorne Village, $700,000; Vocational-
Technical Institute, $1,750,000; Co-educational Complex,
$1,575,000; Education and Psychology Complex, $1,000,000;
Music and Fine Arts Complex, $1,100,000; High School Gym-
nasium, $450,000; Tennis Courts, $20,000; Stadium Lights,
$105,000; University Organ, $70,000; PBAX-Annexation and
Installation of Automatic Telephone System, $11,000.
Buildings projected by Dr. Gore for the future included:
Addition to the Guest House, $45,000; Official Residence, $85,-
000; Enclose Swimming Pool, $100,000; Home Management
Residence, $58, 500; Renovation and Repair of all Dormitories,
$500,000; Nurses Home, $100,000; Science-Pharmacy Building,
$2,000,000; Women's Dormitory, $1,200,000; and Band Shell,
With the close of the academic year 1967-68, Florida A.
and M. University stands on the threshold of what we all trust
will be a great period of expansion, development and growth.
Much water has passed under the dam. Many people have
labored and sacrificed to bring the institution to its present
position of eminence. Today we are facing a changing society.
The change is of such a rapid tempo that it will compare with
the tempo of the "Marching 100." New social movements and
changes require that the University restructure its program
'with students, administration, faculty, alumni and the general
public, working together cooperatively for a common cause.
The stakes are high and the rewards will be great.
FAMU has had an illustrious past-today it faces a
challenging future. Whether on the athletic field, in the shop,
in the laboratory, in the library, or the classroom, FAMUans
are destined to make their mark. They are a part of a great
history and tradition. FAMUans will always strike, and strike,
and strike again!
In assisting the President in the preparation of this re-
port, his office staff prevailed upon him to add a personal note.
From the many messages received after the announcement
of his resignation, the staff chose the following remarks made
by the Honorable Don Fuqua of the Florida House of Repre-
sentatives and published in the Congressional Record, July 27,
1968. These remarks represent the tone and sentiment ex-
pressed in the numerous letters, telegrams, news releases, and
oral expressions received by President Gore after the announce-
ment was made by the Board of Regents on July 1, 1968, that
he had resigned as President of Florida Agricultural and
Mechanical University as of September 15, 1968.
"... .Friday, July 26, 1968. Mr. Fuqua. Mr. Speaker, one of
the great names in American education is retiring from an active
"When Dr. George W. Gore asked to be relieved as President
of the Florida A. and M. University at Tallahassee, Fla., he
brought to a close one of the bright stories of dedication and
humanitarianism in our land.
"His was not an easy task. Florida A. and M. was estab-
lished as a Negro institution and this was its role for many
years. During its evolving, this school developed two things
which brought pride to its students and to our State-its
fabulous marching band and phenomenal football teams.
"Dr. Gore is a positive man who exemplifies the highest
ideals. He is respected and honored in our State not by race,
virtue of creed or color-but for the man that he is.
"It is not insensitive to say that in this period of transition
that the predominantly Negro institutions of this Nation have
faced the most trying of circumstances. There have been pro-
posals to abolish Florida A. and M., but Dr. Gore managed to
keep its identity and its purpose.
"That purpose and meaning has been to be a haven for those
whose educational background would not allow them to attend
other universities. We cannot abandon several generations to
the ash heap-and thank heaven Florida A. and M. has not done
"Dr. Gore stood as a solid rock between the extremists on
both sides. With men of reason he made his point and he never
faltered in his determination to achieve his life's goal-the
education of young people.
"I have sensed the personal trials which Dr. Gore has en-
dured. I admire him and consider him a friend. Few men have
meant as much to Florida education as has this distinguished
gentleman. It will be through men such as he that we will find
our way through the stormy seas of unrest into the calm
waters which I am sure our great land will see in the future.
"In the meantime, the task of the helmsman of today is a
"How can you measure the contribution he has made?
"The honest answer is that you cannot.
"In rising to make this sincere and humble tribute to a
great man, I can only say he can look back tomorrow and know
that he was one of those who made the world a better place in
which to live. That which he accomplished in the face of some-
times insurmountable odds will make a better life for a lengthy
line of those yet unborn.
"I say to the Members of the Congress, and through you to
all Americans, here was a man. Here was an educator. Here was
This report is centered around Dr. George W. Gore, Jr.,
as President of Florida Agricultural and Mechanical Uni-
versity. Concurrent with his outstanding success as President
of the University, there occurred many personal accomplish-
ments and achievements which can be noted in a brief bio-
GEORGE WILLIAM GORE, JR.
Florida A. and M. University
EDUCATION-Graduate, Pearl High School, Nashville, 1919. Student,
Fisk University, second semester, 1918-19.
A.B., DePauw University, Greencastle, Indiana, 1923, cum laude
(English and Journalism); Graduate Study, University of Chicago,
Chicago, Illinois, Summer, 1924 (English Literature); Ed.M., Harv-
ard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1928, (English and Edu-
cation); Ph.D., Columbia University, New York, New York, 1940
(School Administration and Educational Research); LL.D., DePauw
University, Greencastle, Indiana, 1966. Rector Scholar, DePauw
University, 1920-23; General Education Board Scholarships, 1927-
28, 1935-36, 1938-39; Rosenwald Scholarships, Summers, 1932-33-34.
EXPERIENCE-Branch Secretary, YMCA, Marion, Indiana, 1923; Ten-
nessee A. and I. State University, Nashville, Professor of English
and Journalism, 1923-27; Dean of College, 1927-50; Director of
Graduate Division, 1943-50; President, Florida A. and M. University,
April 1, 1950 to September 15, 1968.
SECRETARY OF-Alpha Kappa Mu Honor Society, 1945-; Chi Boule,
Sigma Pi Phi, Nashville, Tennessee, 1939-50; National Association
of Association of Collegiate Deans and Registrars in Negro Schools,
1930-35; Tennessee Negro Education Association, 1923-50.
TRUSTEE OF-Florida Memorial College, 1954-
DIRECTOR OF-Citizens Savings Bank and Trust Company, Nashville,
AWARDS-DePauw University Alumni Citation, 1952; Florida Normal
and Industrial Memorial College Achievement Award, 1955; Kappa
Delta Pi Service Key, 1956; Merit Achievement Plaque, Washington
Junior College, 1960; Florida A. and M. University Faculty and Staff
Award, 1960; Florida A. and M. University Alumni Achievement
Award for Service to the University and the State, 1960; Out-
standing Service Award, Upsilon Chapter, Omega Psi Phi Fra-
ternity, 1961; Merit Award for Outstanding Work and Statesman,
Southern Region of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, 1961; Pi Gamma
Mu Service Scroll, 1962; Alpha Kappa Mu Diamond Key, 1962; New
Frontiers of America Achievement Plaque, 1962; National News-
paper Publishers Association Distinguished Service Award, 1963;
Southwest Bar Association Appreciation Award, 1963; Lily White
Security Benefits Association Plaque, 1964; Royal Crown Cola
Orange Blossom Classic Leadership Award, 1964; Jacksonville
Alumni Chapter and Citizens of Duval County Meritorious Award,
1964; Florida A. and M. University ROTC Service Plaque, 1964;
Carver Heights High School Appreciation Plaque, 1966; Florida A.
and M. University Division, Leon County United Fund Distinguished
Community Service Award, 1966; Award in Recognition of Sixteen
Years of Enthusiastic Support to the ROTC Cadet Corps, Florida
A. and M. University, 1966; Devotion to Service and Promotion and
Development of the Orange Blossom Classic, Seven-Up Bottling
Company, 1966; Parents Day Observance Award, Albany State
College, 1967; Kappa Delta Chapter, Alpha Phi Omega Certificate
of Award in Recognition of Distinguished Achievement-Leadership,
1967; Award for Service to Youth in Education, Southern Area of
Links, Inc., 1968; Distinguished Service Award, Florida A. and M.
University Bands, 1968.
FOREIGN TRAVEL-France, England, Belgium, Japan, Italy, Nassau,
Jamaica, Mexico, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Canada.
EDITORSHIPS-Editor of THE BROADCASTER, Official Journal of
the Tennessee Negro Education Association, 1923-50. Contributing
Editor, THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF HIGHER EDUCATION
AMONG NEGROES, 1933.
WRITINGS-NEGRO JOURNALISM, Journalism Press, DePauw Uni-
versity, Greencastle, Indiana, 1922.
COLOR AND COPPER SUN, unpublished bound manuscript sub-
mitted in course in the Interpretation of Literature, Harvard
Graduate School of Education, 1928.
VALUE AND USE OF JOURNALISTIC WRITING IN THE
SECONDARY SCHOOL, unpublished master's essay submitted to
the Harvard Graduate School of Education, 1928.
"Revolutionizing the Fourth Estate," THE QUILL, March 1924.
"Child Nature in Reference to Language Needs," THE BROAD-
CASTER, November, 1929.
"A Brief Survey of Public Education in Tennessee," THE BROAD-
CASTER, January, 1931.
"The Comprehensive Examination and the Negro College," THE
QUARTERLY REVIEW OF HIGHER EDUCATION AMONG
NEGROES, January, 1934.
"History of A. and I. State College," THE BULLETIN, Tennessee
A. and I. State College, April, 1935, Vol. XXIII, No. 7.
"Honor Societies in Negro Colleges," THE QUARTERLY REVIEW
OF HIGHER EDUCATION AMONG NEGROES, pp. 113-118, July,
"A Brief Survey of Secondary and Higher Education of Negroes in
Tennessee," THE ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGIATE DEANS AND
REGISTRARS IN NEGRO SCHOOLS, pp. 70-75, Johnson C. Smith
University Press, 1938.
"Journalistic Activity Among Students in Negro Colleges," FLASH,
p. 26, February 1, 1939.
THE IN-SERVICE PROFESSIONAL IMPROVEMENT OF NEGRO
PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS IN TENNESSEE, Contribution to
Education Series, No. 786, Bureau of Publications, Teachers College,
Columbia University, New York City, 1940. Abstract in TEACHERS
COLLEGE RECORD October, 1940. Book Review in THE BOULE
Journal, May, -1942.
."Nobility Imposes Obligation," THE SPHINX, pp. 38-40, May, 1942.
"Equalizing Public Education for Negroes in Tennessee," SCHOOL
AND SOCIETY, July 3, 1943, pp. 11-12.
"Improving Education in Tennessee," (Post War High School
Curricula and Secondary Teacher Education) Co-author with Wm.
M. Alexander and Baxter Hobgood, State Department of Education,
Division of Certification, February, 1944, p. 51.
"Passage of S246-What It Would Mean to Negro Children," THE
NEA JOURNAL, pp. 97-97, February, 1950.
Does the Teaching Profession Need a Stronger Defense Commission?
(A Report of Stewardship) 24 pp. National Education Association,
Washington, D.C., 1953.
"And Gladly Teach," The Mississippi Educational Journal, pp. 148-
150, April, 1956.
"The Teacher's Challenge, THE BROADCASTER, pp. 100-103,
"Yarrow Revisited," PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL AS-
SOCIATION OF COLLEGIATE DEANS AND REGISTRARS, pp.
35-39, March, 1962.
"Thoroughness in Teaching," The Bulletin, Florida State Teachers
Association, Inc., pp. 12-13; 34, December, 1962.