.REt8 ls 1 ..... OCTOBEH. 1911 F
. ,AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL
A. ... (FOR NEGROES)
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ISSUED QUARTERLY *
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Adml "itte aswo4 c lanmae- February^s1, 1909 under *'-
iL"L,, -. ad of con"rs of Jul 16,,19 .1 -
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cERIES IiL.__ CCTOIPFP, 1911 _NO. 4
-A GRICULTURAJL AND NIECI-HANICAL
ACA DEMIC' EDITION
A. & hM. COLLEGE: PRESS
*T.LLAHASI.EE, FL .,
1>1 .- 1911
ik^--*^, ( J&Jl-^ili!&. .. k. --jii .ti^-.^..^. > i
- BOARD OF EDITORS
F. H. Cardozo, Chairman N. B. Young
F. C. Johnson J. C. Wright
Board of Editors 6
Organizationrand Administration 10
Students Activities and Prizes 17
Summer School 18
SCIENCE HALL AND GIBBS HALL, DORMITORY FOR GIRLS
Thle Academic Bulletin 9
ATHAN B. YOUNG, A. MI., Otberlin College) President
-I^ i I Projessur o, Lrmnil,, i ,s aln Ph, itsl, ij
IHN C. WRIGHT. A. .. t.Oberlin College) Dean
Progasor ', r Ei'RplvsH
'EDERICK C. JCHNSON, B. S., (Armour Iraututei
Protsss,- o,:'Piysirs arnd AMnliathf ant
NANCIS H. CARLOZO, Ci urnell University,)
Pro. esos o, .4ys rtsCllire
4,RY E. MELViN, I Hampton Institute)
7Tttiret r (j H;stvry and .4rihmnetic
ILLIAM H. A. HOWARD, A. MI., iGa. State Ind. College
.' ~ .4Asst. Pr.flesrv.l oiJ Alathlfatics
VERETT B. JONES. B. S.. (Colgate University)
Prres-'sor ofl ('hmilslry and BlologyJ
ULA M. CROPPER, iTuskr^ee Inst.) librarian and Registrar
~ .^ T' at a lI,r e( 'E,, ,r.h und Ptdatlurof
HN F. ATHELIS. A. B. iWestern Reserve Universityv
. sst. P .is'cor I' Lnltt and Physcs
JSY E. ATTAWAY. tFIrida A. and MI. College)
TeaeLe,. rif E,,ylisl
INIE V. HILY ER, i Freedmnen's and Provident Hospitals i
~S T iTi al<,(r r.l A', re 7'Tra;nn tg land Pbiqs;,/luly
SIE F. STEPHENS. A. B., (Ohio State University)
..sst. P'.,lr;,Soor *:f E,,li;sh,
TRICE M. HUDSON, (Oberlin Conservatory of Music)
NA M. JENKINS, I Fisk University)
T-alrher qo' Els,qlsh
$TELLE JOHNSON. I Wilberforce Universit )
Teacher q.f Stenography/ and Typelrit. q'?
OWIN F. KENSWIL, (Mass. Normal Art School)
Teach r fr'Frefliand Drawing
4RUFUS J. HAWKINS. (Howard University)
, Tacher co .4r' /,lh tic
10 The Academic Bulletin
ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION
Dean. The direct adimini-ist.ratin1 of the' Depart-
ment is in charge of the dean who is also secretary of
the general faculty. All matters pertaining to the
classification of students, the selection of courses of
study, changes of courses of study, scholarship, and the
strict carrying out of the daily program of work are under
his immediate supervision and direction.
Committee on Literary Societies. The committee
on Literary Societies has general oversight of the work
of the College societies. It also acts in an
capacity in mapping out the general policy of the Lit-
erary societies, arranging for public contests and keep-
ing alive a healthy interest in society work.
The Scholarship Committee. This committee keeps
careful watch over the scho arship of each student, and
informs him and his parents from time rotime as to the
progress he is making. .
Teaching Force. It has been the persistent policy'
of the institution to maintain a faculty characterized by
efficient, training and breadth- of educational outlook.
At the present time the twenty-nine officers of admin-
istration and instruction have come from 'the following
well known institutions: ArmourInstitute, Cornell Uni-
versity, Colgate University. Western Reserve Univer-.
sity, Ohio State University, Fisk University, Talladega
College, Wilberforce, Howard Universicy, Mass. No:'rnal
Art School, Georgia State Industrial College, Hampton
Institute, Tuskegee Institute, Vienna School, Mitchell
Cutting School, Pratt Institute, The Fla. Baptist Acad-.
emy, Oberlin College and the Florida A: and M. College.
In.the organization of the Academic faculty 'there
are five professors, three assistant professors, and eight'-:
Round-Table. This is a society composed of the
entire faculty mebinl:ershil. Its purpose is to stim-
ulate intellectual and social activity among the teachers.
Meetings are held every two weeks for the informal
The Academic Bulletin 11
discussion of some topic of general interest previously
assigned. The scope of these topics can be seen and
the broadening effect of their discussion can be judged
from the list posted for the year 1911-'12
-The History of Negro Education in the State of
A Review of G. Stanley Hall's Educational Prob-
A Comparative Study of American Universities.
State Colleges for Negroes.
The Principles of Scientific management.
What Demonstration Farms are Doing for the South.
The South's Convict System.
The Boy Scout Movement.
Corporations and the Public.
"What is Architecture and How can It be Advanced?
The History of Journalism in the United States.
How to Cultivate a Taste for Literature.
Schools. The work of the Department is carried on
in the three schools, the courses of which are closely ar-
ticulated and inter-related, the Grammar School, High
School and the Senior School.
In the Grammar School there are three grades, C,
B and A, corresponding to the 6th, 7th and 8th grades
of a well organized graded school. The student to enter
the school must have completed the work of the 5th
I n the High School two courses, each three years in
length, are':.tf'-red. The EnglislihCourse embracing the
regular subjects of a High School curriculum without a
foreign language,. and a Scieltific Course offering Latin
thl-co.;ill Virgil's Aeneid.
The Senior School offers an 'English-Normal course
of two years leading to a diploma, and a Collegiate.
course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science. To':
enter either of these courses the student must have'
completed the work of-the High School orbits equ;va-
12 The Academic Bulletin
Classes. Regular class work inallschools begins at
8:10 in the morning and continues in periods of 50 min-
utes each until 3:40 in the afternoon. The noon recess
begins at 12:20 o'clock and ends at 2:00, teachers and stu-
dents assembling at 1:30 each day for chapel services.
Students in the Grammar School go to industrial class-
es at 10:40 in the morning, those in the High School
from 2:00 to 4:00 in the afternoon. All students spend
Monday morning at their industries, the boys beginning
at 8:00 in the morning, the girls at 10:00. The afternoon
is granted them for sports and recreation. The class
work begins on Tuesday morning and continues through
The Academic Department is rapidly being equip-
ped with the most modern appliances and laboratory
apparatus for effective illustrative teaching inall branch-
cs of the work.
/ Library. The library consistingof about 5000 care-
J/fuT fsected volumes chosen with strict regard for the
reference needs of the various departments, is housed
in'a two-story brick-veneered building on the north side
of the campus opposite the girls' dormitory. Though
not spacious, the building is planned to meet the pres-
ent needs of the College. On the first floor are two
well lighted reading rooms, the librarian's office, the al-
cove for the stacks and the College post office. On the
second floor'the President's office is located. In ad-
dition there is a committee room and a small lecture
room used by the various departments for stereopticon
lectures and by the faculty for its regular monthly
The building is a giftfrom Mr. Andrew Carnegie
largely through the influence of the son of Ralph Waldo
Emerson, whose interest in the library is still keenly
The Academic Bulletin 13
During the past session, together with many others,
the following valuable works were added to the library.
Library of Southern Literature-a set of fifteen vol-
umes edited by President E. A. Alderman of the Uni-
versity of Va. "and designed to present frankly and
as fully as convenient the literary life of the whole
south throughout its entire history, and to leave the
general reader or the special student to draw such a
conclusion as he may see fit."
The Harvard Classics-President Eliot's famous five
foot shelf of the world's greatest books.
Students' Reference Work-a condensed illustrated
encyclopedia especially suited to rapid reference work.
The English Department has been strengthened by
the addition of the following works:
Shakespeare as a Dramatic Artist-R. G. Moulton.
Cyclopedia of English Literature-Chambers.
Masters of the English Novel-Burton.
Words and their Ways in English Speech-Greenough
Literary History of the English People-J.J. Jusserand.
The Department of Latin has been strengthened by the
addition of the following works:
Elementary Latin Dictionary-Lewis.
Introduction to the Study of Latin Inscriptions-S. E.
Ruins and Excavations of Ancient Rome-Rudolfo Lan-
Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities-Edited by
Harry Thurston Peck.
Teaching of Latin and Greek in Secondary Schools-
Bristol and Bennett.
The New Cambridge Edition of the Encyclopedia Brit-
--'-l'~-Fi;qysical Laboratory. The physical laboratory is
located in the basement of Duval Hall. The lecture
and laboratory apparatus is of the highest order and of
most modern improvement and includes the following:-
14 The Academic Bulletin
The regulation outfit for experiments in the elemen-
tary. mechanics of solids, liquids and gases, numbering
among others a Boyle's Law apparatus, latest model of
Geryk Air Pump (imported), centrifugal table, coincid-
ence pendulum for the determination of "G", observa-
tory barometer, hydrometer and finely adjusted balanc-
Material for demonstrating the essentials of heat;
sound and light.
An excellent apparatus for presenting the princi-
ples of magnetism and electricity., embracing a combina-
tion motor and dynamo illustrating both the direct and
alternating current systems, D' Arsonval galvanometers,
induction coil, static machine, Wheatstone bridge, am-
meter, transformers, telegraph and telephone outfit etc.
The texts used are Gage's Introduction to Physical
Science, and Mann and Twiss Physics. The National
Laboratory Note Book is also used.
Chemical Laboratory. The removal of the Depart-
ment of Agriculture from Science Hall to the new Agri-
culture Building has greatly increased laboratory facil-
ities for both chemistry and biology. The general lab-
oratory is provided with desks and lockers for thirty-
two students working in sections. Each student is pro-
vided with sufficient apparatus at the beginning of the
year, and from time to time throughout the course, to do
the work in hand effectively.
The laboratory for qualitative analysis is fitted up for
the accommodation of 15 students working in sections.
This course is intended to give the students fundamen-
tal principles, theoretical and practical, underlying the
qualitative separation of metals in solution and by blow
pipe analysis; the determination of metals and acid rad-
icals in simple and complex compounds. The qualita-
tive laboratory is provided with general and individual
apparatus with the necessary chemicals and reagents.
The laboratory for quantitative analysis will be
ready for use during the present year. This course aims
to give the student a grasp of the general method for;
The Academic Bulletin 15
determining the percentage composition of chemical
compounds, both volumetric and gravimetric.
The chemical storeroom is well stocked with chem-
icals and reagents for carrying on progressively the
work in the various courses.
Biological and Geological Laboratories. The course
in biology covers a period of two years. The first year's
work is devoted to the study or general biology; the
second year to a course in histology. The laboratory
is fitted for the accommodation of fifteen students at one
time. Each student is provided with separate table
and drawers; with compound microscope, dissecting
microscope, dissecting outfit and all biological accessor-
ies essential to the proper and thorough study of ani-
mal and plant forms.
The work in geology is efficiently carried on by the
aid of well chosen rock collections: the department pos-
sesses many specimens of local interest and importance.
The Dairy Laboratory. This laboratory in its new
quarters is complete in all its details for successful
work in the testing of milk and its products.
Horticultural Laboratory. This laboratory is located
on the first floor of the new 'Agricultural Building and
is fitted up for the related subjects of botany, horticul-
ture and agronomy. To encourage individual investi-
gation, separate tables are provided. For the'study of
agricultural botany, individual lenses and microscopes
have been provided.
Agricultural'Chemistry Laboratory On the second
floor of the new Agricultural Building a room has been
set aside for a laboratory in this subject and wilj be. fit-
ted up during the year. Water pipes are.already placed,
and this room will be given a complete equipment for stu-
dents taking this course.
Lantern. The Academic Department is equipped
with a first class stereopticon lantern operated by elec-
tricity. It is used for demonstration work in connection
with the various courses. At the -present time the
Tb6 ~. ~ The Academic Bulletin
school is in possession of 140 slides bearing on chemistry,
physical geography, history, etc. The collection is
being continually added to.
Standard Commercial and Industrial Exhibits.
These exhibits are packed in neatly finished cases
28" high, 16" wide, 27" deep and contain specimens
from the vegetable, animal and mineral kingdoms.
Each case contains 13 exhibits arranged on cards to
show in some cases the evolution of a product from the
raw material to the finished article, in others the various
products that can be manufactured from a single ma-
terial. At the bottom of the card is a full explanation
of the products and their process of manufacture.
Lectures. The College endeavors to bring before
the students each year at least six lecturers chosen from
the faculty or other available sources.
Supplementary Lectures. It is the aim of the Aca-
demic Department to have the class room work in all
branches supplemented and broadened by lectures with
stereopticon where possible by the various instructors.
The teaching in the department of Agriculture and Bio-
logical Science was especially strengthened during the
past session by this method, the former offering twenty
lectures in connection with the class room work, of which
the following are typical.
Western Methods of Modern Agriculture.
Agriculture as Practiced in the Orient.
A Pictorial History of the Plow.
Modern Farm Machinery in Use.
Conditions Affecting the Value of Farms.
For the coming session the Academic Department
offers the following lecture course in English:
October -Early American Writers.
November-_The Country of Wordsworth.
December_ _The Influence of Scott on the English Novel.
January _Samuel Johnson, Dictator.
February -The Shakespearean Stage and its Properties.
March -The Technique of the Drama.
April__The Mechanical Side of Writing.
May -Current Literature _A Critical Review.
The Academic Bulletin 17
STUDENT ACTIVITIES AND PRIZES
There are a few activities whose nature brings
them under the immediate supervision of the Academic
Literary Societies. There are three literary societies
supported by the students. The Acme Society orga-
nized and supported by the men of the High School: the
Tucker Society maintained by the girls of the High
School, and the Philomathean founded by and maintained
for the men and women of the Senior School. A fourth
Society, was recently organized by the students from the
town of Tallahassee who were unable to attend the reg-
ular meetings of the other societies. So excellent is
the influence, and so vital the relation to the regular
work of the Department is the work of these organi-
'zations that the faculty has made attendance upon them
'very fortnight compulsory.
Student Publication. In order to offer a field for
students interested in journalism, a portion of the Col-
lege Arms, the regular College publication, has been
set aside exclusively for student interests. This
department is edited and managed by students of the
Inter-Class Debating. To stimulate interest in this
all-important phase of college training, and to offer a
sane outlet for healthy class spirit, the custom was in-
augurated last year of having an annual debate between
the two classes of the English-Normal Department of
the Senior School.
Inter-Collegiate Debating. Little has been done by
the rank and file of Negro schools in the South to foster
those relations among them which can arise only of inter-
scholastic and collegiate contests athletic and forensic.
i s a result of the interest and enthusiasm aroused by the
inter-class debating, the faculty committee on Literary
Societies has launched plans for the formation of a De-
18 The Academic Bulletin
bating League through which the students of this school
will be able to match their powers in this line with stu-
dents of reputable institutions in neighboring States.
Declamation. An annual declamation contest is held
in which two representatives from each of the literary
societies compete for prizes of ten dollars and five dollars
offered by the general faculty. In the last contest held
in May, Miss Edith M. Chandler of Tucker Society won
first prize with the"The Chariot Race"from "Ben Hur"
by Lew Wallace. Mr. James Reddick of Philomathean
won second prize with Mark Anthony's Funeral Oration
from Shakespeare's "Julius Ceasar."
Amateur Dramatics. While at present there is no
permanent student organization to foster this fascinating
branch of collegiate activity, much interest and enthu-
siasm has been manifested by the students in amateur
acting. Two plays were creditably rendered during the
last session. The men of the Military Department as-
sisted by the young women of the Senior School prese-
ted before a warmly appreciative audience, a there
act drama entitled "From Sumter to Appomattox."
As a class play the Seniors presented on the College
campus on the evening of Class Day, the Interlude Py-
ramus and Thisbe from Shakespeare's Mid-Summer
Night's Dream. The play was rendered in the open
under the oak trees after the manner of the Ben Greet
Woodland Players, and the setting, costuming, and act-
ing was highly creditable. It is the purpose of the De-
partment of English to organize among the students
a society for stimulating interest in this work.
THE SUMMER SCHOOL
The Summer Training School for Teachers begin
ning about the middle of June and continuing six weeks,
has come to on be integral part of the College work.
Maintenance. The school is maintained by legisla-
tive appropriation upon about the same basis as similar