• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Front Cover
 Board of editors
 Faculty of the academic depart...
 Faculty changes
 Department of english
 The round table
 Micro-organisms
 Student interests
 Public rhetoricals
 Enrollment






Title: Bulletin of the Academic Department; February, 1910, Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College
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Title: Bulletin of the Academic Department; February, 1910, Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College
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Language: English
Creator: Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College
Affiliation: Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College (FAMU)
Publisher: Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College
Publication Date: 1910
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Board of editors
        Page 2
    Faculty of the academic department
        Page 3
    Faculty changes
        Page 4
    Department of english
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    The round table
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Micro-organisms
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Student interests
        Page 17
    Public rhetoricals
        Page 18
    Enrollment
        Page 19
        Page 20
Full Text
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_ 4sud Quarterly by tke Colleg.
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BOARD OF EDITORS
F. H. CARDOZO, Chairmt
G. M. SAMPSON
P. C. JOHNSON
JULIAN L.. BROTWb





..iY OF THE ACADEMIC DEPARTME1NT
B: YOUNG, President
AF Edwcuation and Econumics
GEIID M. IA9P9lON '
Latin and Mathematiso
4rNCISs r. CARDOZO
Agriculture, Horticult4re, Botany
PREDERICK C. JOHNSON
Physics
MARY E. MELVIN
History
W. H. A. HOWARD
Mathematics
EVERETT B. JONES
Chemistry, Biology, Physiology
LULU M. CROPPER
English and Pedagogy
EDNA JENKINS
Sizth Grade Teacher
DAISY E. ATTAWAY
Seventh Grade Teacher
ELIZA J. POWELL
Sixth Grade Teacher
JENNIE V. HILYER
PFiysiology
BEATRICE HUDSON
Music
HATTIE E. NEWBURN
English
J. N. ENGLISH
Physics, Arithmetic, Civics
JESSIE F. STEPHENS
English Litratwre, Rhetoric, GernimP
JULIA WRpHT
Win .





r ^
The Academic Bulletin Ye
FACULTY CHANGES ,
In the academic work there have been several new
teachers to take the places of those who have found em-
ployment elsewhere. Mr. J. N. English, a graduate of
Atlanta University, who has also done advanced work
at Chicago University, has been appointed in place of
Mr. C. A. Coles, resigned. Miss Jessie F. Stephens
fills the place made vacant by the resignation of Miss
James. Miss Stephens is a graduate of Ohio State Un-
iversity and has had considerable experience as a teach-
er of English.
Miss B. H. Hudson of the Oberlin Conservatory of
Music has been appointed in the stead of Miss Julia L.
Townsend who has, since the close of the last session,
become Mrs. C. A. Coles.
Miss Edna Jenkins, whose chief work is millinery,
is also assistant to Miss Powell in the work of the sixth
grade. Miss Jenkins is a graduate of Fisk University.
Miss Julia Wright, who has been appointed as the first
teacher of stenography and typewriting in the College,
is also instructor in Latin. Miss Wright is an Alumnus
of Atlanta University and has attended Drexel Institute.
THE COLLEGE
The Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College has
received within a year the endorsement of the state leg-
islature and it is now a college "de jure et in re."
For several years the course has been gradually length-
ened, the faculty enrollment increased and the national
government appropriation added to. With this growth
there has come an insistent demand for more build-
ings and equipment. Two years ago the legislature of
I~~~u: :r;,. rI,..





The Academic Bulletin 5
.ie state approved an appropriation of $20,000 for the
college but until now the amount has not been available
for building purposes. However there has been given.
very strong assurance that ere another session of the'
college has closed, the $20,000 will be available and the
work of the college will advance with renewed energy,.
THE DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH
After much careful consideration, a new and full
course in English has been provided. It has been the
aim of those having the matter in charge, to make the
study, throughout the entire course, a unit. That is to
say, it shall represent a connected whole of succesive
steps.
Preparation in English has two main objects :1
mastery of correct expression, spoken and written; 2
ability to understand and appreciate, the written and
spoken expression of others. To this end, instruction
in grammar and composition must be closely defined,
and a wide range of literature both for study and read-
ing be covered. To be thoroughly effective, the work'
must begin in the lower grades. But while we can-
not have an oversight of the English work of the pupils
during the primary period, those who come to us in the
grades, will have the benefit of a thorough training in
the inflections and usages of the mother tongue.
In the grammar grades it is desired to bring the
pupil into contact with formal grammar and the rule and
inflection of the English language. This study is to be
supplemented by composition' work, which shall have
for its object, spontaneous expression. Sulordirtvi to
this aim will be the correct use of the capital letter. and
the conventions of the punctuation marks Last, buti-
not least. a thorough reading:' course, both fbr' outside.
reading and study will be coerid', the former takirig'
the direction of stories fitted'for'.rimary reading. 'being
.the tWk 1f some of'our foremost' literary writers; tlie'





The Academic Bulletin
latter being classics requiring close study for words; al
lusions, figures, and imagry, and aiming to enlarge the
pupil's general information.
In the high school, a review of grammar, followed
by close work in oral and written composition, pronun-
ciation, enunciation, sentence making, letter writing,
arnd paragraphing will form the basis of study for the
first year. The composition work together with a thor-
ough reading course will be complementary to it. Inrthe
second year of the high school, the student will be in-
troduced to an elementary study of the forms of dis-
course and the figures of speech, the composition and
reading continuing. In the third yearof the high school,
a concrete study of narration, description, exposition
and argument, argumentative methods and debates will
occupy the time together with exercises in writing these
different forms. A close study and comparison of'the
works of several celebrated authors, illustrating the
various methods of composition will accompany this
course.
The first year student of the senior school will be
given a minute study: 1 of the paragraph with reference
to unity, coherence, transition, topic sentences, begin-
ning and closing; 2 of the sentence in variety, emphai-
sis, antithesis, and punctuation; 3 of the choice of words,
standard usage, modern usage, poetical language, for-
eign words, precision, expressiveness, and clearness, 4
and of the various forms of letter writing; business,
friendly and social. In the second. year of the senior
school, the student will make thorough investigations
in the field of English and American litature, for an in-
telligent appreciation of representative writers; noting
the leading biographical facts, distinguishing charac-
teristics and making a critical estimate of their works.
It is to be understood, of course that the work of com-
position for the purpose of voluntary and unconscious
expression will be pursued throughout the course in all
grades, and will be supplemented by literature covering
a wide range cf authors and information.





/
.. The Academic Bulletin :7
:' -CARNEGIE LIBRARY
' ,. .
The Library is becoming more and more a liecessity
and pleasure to the students for whose benefit it was
primarily intended and is also a delight to the teaching
,body. There is hardly a period in the day. when some
stcudelnt can not be found browsing in the alcoves or
gathering information from reference works on specially
assigned topics'or from newspapers and magazines.
We venture the belief that no other school library of
the South can boast a larger or'better selection of peri-
odicals and newspapers than are'at. the disposal of the
teachers and students of this College The list follows:
-PE EODICALS "The American Magazine
. EODICAS The Breeder's Gazette
Education The Boston Cooking Science
Educational Foundations Journal-
Ever body's Magazine The Congregationalist and
Hamfptdo's Magazine Christian World
Harper's Weekly The .Dairy Record
Hoard's Dairyman The Outlook
Journal of Education The Florida Ariculturist
Mec CltUres Magazine DAILY AND WEEKLY PAPERS
Pearson's Magazine
Green's Fruit Grower ,Boston Evening Transcript
Practical Diiryman Montgomery Advertiser
Public Libraries New York Tribune
Southern Ruralist Savannah Morning News
'Saturday Evenihg Post The Age .....Weekly
School Science and Mathe- The Guardian _____ Weekly
matics The Metroplis
Southern Workman, The New York Herald
Success Poultry Journal The Florida Times-Union
BOOKS ADDED TO THE LIBRARY SINCE FEB 1 ,1909
The R-.ai America in Romance. _V. 1-14-Musick, John R.
Br isandBaees- .... Burroughs, John
Betty Alden:- ''._'. .. Austin, Jar'e
Dq. 'osf 'Aneient Rome..___ .._ Macaulav, Thomas-B.
Reading, a Mannial for Teachers ', M .
Rr'efs fc,r D)tpi .._ __ BlroWl-inPF & Rincuwalt
few t.S) tu dy & Teaehine how Study McMe' rry, Fraink M.
B;.'oy... -.. .--..: ..__.... ___ Nfeholon II. A.
rFtrst Blk inl GCeoy.... !. S.. 'hair, Natha.ie1 S.
Aibhalmii Lincolt :i. .. ._. '___:,._.-- Schurz, Carl





8 The Academic Bulletin
* 5 \A
Dictionary of English Synonyms ___---- Soule, Richai.,
Essay on Milton .--- ---._Macaulay, Thomas B.
English & Scottish Ballads ----- .----Neilson, W. A.
Longfellow Memoir & Auto-biogaphicl Poems_...
.. -- .- .. .-..Nortin, E. E.
Heroes and Hero Worship---,.. ---- Carlyle,.Thomas
Bird's Christmas Carol _..-,.. -, Wiggin, Kate,D.
Grandmother's Story & Other Poemsa t Homes Oiver W
Auto-crat of the Breakfast-table mes er
Silas Marner- ---.._ ------liot,George
Scientifc American Reference Book. Hlopkins, Bond Co.
Ethics, an introductory Mamual ---- --Ryland,.F.
Sornab and Rustum __. ._-----.--- Arnold, Mattnew
Joan ofArc and English Mail-coach, DeQuincey, Thomas
Tales from Shakeipeare _- -Ijamb, Charles and Mary
New International Dictionary ----- Webster,'Noah
A Certain Rich man- ---- -_White, R- A.-
Theory of teachingg -- ....-.._. Salisbury, Albert
Elements of Agriculture-__ -- -.- Warerr, G. F.
Cyclopedia of American Agriculture...- Baily, L. H.
Poole's IAit to Periodical Literature----- ,
----- .... .----. .Fletcherand Poole
CenterburyTa l---- -----.---Chaucer, Geoffrey
Wonderbook ------......---- Hawthorne, Nathaniel
Cumberland Road Hilrt Archer B.
Waterways of Western Expansion Hlbert Arer B.
Cyrus Hall McCormick-- ----- --- Casson. H. N.
Economics of Mannual Training .--- Rouillion, Louis
Course of Study in the Eight Grades. --- McMurry,
Special Method in Language ------------ Charles A.
Descriptive Geometry --...- Faunce, Louis
Famous Problems in Elementary Geometry --------
.... '--_ __;_..----- --..----- ...Beman and Smith
Metrical Geometry --.. ----Halstead, G. B.
Mensuration--- ...._ --_ l- Hall, Wm. S.
Hans Anderson's Stories-- .' Anderson, Hans C.
The Pied Piper of Hamelin and other Pcems..
.-. ........ I ----_:....._ .---Browning, Robert
:-""' "' [Charles D.
A-hunting of the Deer and Other Essays .---- Warner,
Johnson ahd Goldsmith....._ Macaulay, Thomas B.
L'Allegro and Other Ppems --- Milton, John
[Robert
The Cotter's Saturday Night and Other Poems-_Burns,
Burke's Conciliation with the Colonies-Anderson, Robert





- v The Academic Bulletin s
' THE ROUND:TABLE
// This organization of the teachers which calls them
away from their regular work for other study and keeps
alive the social instinct, thus stimulating them for bet-
ter work in class and shop and field and kind relations
elsewhere, is now entering upon the ninth year of its ex-
istence. The program of its work and play for the ses-
sion is given herewith;
1909
Oct. 14 Sociable
" 28 .Tennyson His and Work
Nov. 11 Holmes and His Work
25 Sociable :
Dec. 9 Simon Newcomb
".25 Carl Schurz ;
1910 '
Jan. 10 ,Sociable,
Jan. 20 Pres. Eliot's "New Religion"
Feb. 3 )Erial Navigation
"17 ; Sociable
Mar. 3 3. i History of British India
17 History of Polar Exploi nations
" 31 S:, Sociable
April 14 History of European Socialism
28 History of American Socialism
May 12 Sociable
The lecture committee composed of Mr. W. H. A.,
Howard, Mr. Martin, and Miss L, M. Cropper has served
well this year. Mr: E. B. Jones, whose paper appears
elsewhere in this issue, had as his subject :
" Micro-Organism : their Relation to Human Life "
M r. P. H. Cardozo, in a very pleasing address of
ne hour and thirty mumites. has carried the papis and
their parents an.] the teAchers or a six weeks' trip to
Einfland. Mr. Cardozo spent mastof six weeks Mt fOrf
Pttrdying during the past summer a'nd was ful of
thiiwas EagIish. Tn 'this address. which w soD grwtly
enjoyed, the audience became better acquainted wfh





10 The Academic Bulletin -
places and cathedralsof intense historical importance.
In future addresses Mr. Cordozo has promised to
deal with other interesting features of thp island, agri-
culture, the economic conditions, the, people, their man-
ndrs and customs.
The emancipation day,address was delivered Jan. 1,
1910 by Mr. N. W. Collier, President Florida Baptist Col.
lege, Jacksonville, Fla. and in it he held his audience
charmed. It was forceful, enthusiastic, masterful.
After speaking of the invitation to come to America
that was presented in such a way as not to be refused
by the inhabitants off-.the African coast, Mr., Collier
dwelt at some length upon the events leading up to thie
Emancipation Proclamation. In passing to the period
since 1863, President Collier lingered long enough to
deliver an eulogy upon Abraham Lincoln and then dwelt
upon the accomplishments of the Negro as a free man
in literature, scholarship, buisness, war, and athletics,
as witness to the truth that the Negro has not been de-
stroyed by the advanced civilization of the nineteenth
and twentieth centuries. ,
"Still the Negro has needs," he said. He needs
friends and so must be friendly, he also needs faith in
himself and God. If the race is inferior to the other
races of the world, then the Negro needs superior edu-
cation; if the Negro is the equal of the other races,
then he need equal education.,
In closing, emphasis was laid upon the necessity of
everlastingly putting forth effort against obstacles and
what appear as hindrances to progress. Success if it is
to be obtained at all andif it is worth attaining-must be
won with toil and suffering and sacrifice.- .
Not often does the college have the privilege of
hearing such an able address and the lecture committee
is tobe congratulated in having obtained President Collier
upon that o casion..





-tr M- NICRO-ORG.A.1IAN LMS
JrE^ E\ ERETT B. JONES
j .f r Ii Air. J,.f.sq ;b rjrlf'.s.,.,' ,rfClns y.st iI B,','i- .:2i rls' C eh''te.
.CI
LADIES AND (GENTLEMEN :- ,
I haie !een a;ike-l i: speak to yuJ; upon some scieii-'
t1t i sulbjeet. 'To I,:,p!laiu!ze a cienlce is a very difficult
task. It ha; taken centuries of r,.lll.: and experiment.
Ij! the l-reat-st. inill:ls to bring scientif i:krlovvle-lge to
an i,:le.-eo ; :, |> erffecti:ln. To give a jusr anil ad:elquatef
les.erllptioi -of an:. one branch' or, .u.ili-'branl'h, to say
n1 !tlin, or;' cle pra.ti'tt;.al al pl:lcaari,' here is iell nigih fut.
ile. Hence as far a. possible all technicalities milst be
,iJ l)else':! Ivith 'e.. [i:t tl,:',>e nee,-ssa'y for the iinte:rpre-
tati Ln o' this sh.or t.t;ill.:. Pe-lie in g'or-i'ral have a. pe,
eiiiar noti'.,n about science and scientific kn:,wledg-.
Tlh-e,' rhink i: a. Atiiir -apart from their own in.iividual
existence :r interest, or life. But tie intel ll;ernt man' o;r
''omaill, knllowv that every nmei;han'cal lde-'ice every
m.d n.u tacttu ir ng i,- .ss is the ili, ect re-ul}. of :c -ti tfie i n.'
v.st igaat ioi a nl rlise(.vlr.. In other words we are learn-
wig more and m-'re to utilize the forces in nature for
o'.' own welfare, conif,)rt. happiness. Of the nlally ;suh-
'i1tti; available I ha.e taken thi;,one :Micr,.-Oi vianisris;
not he'-::rse so 'riulc is known about it, buir. for the
re-is;o! thal s.-, i'11.o-!i has be n discovered in this prtic-
ul.r line dul.l:i' l tht: !pist half century and by reason of
the vital impll,,lt'c.I-e it' plays in our rve r. .I( 'life. Mi-
cro-Ornalrisims. .the ^-'ord itself is a fornlidaille one-
aul fri.nm its sound :nd size.itlmay 'xveil represent the
la-lsrit species of the: whole. Not trie however, for
tile tliingq it trepl'es-ntr are infinitesnlally small,
Indleet.l M\cro., means small: ilgarlnis : living
thilius- very s.miall living thl;ins. Op.Iposed to NMiiro-
Or'gan-lsms wve nay S peek of teleo-organistus :T Teleo
t'ar axay. organismill: living things, or for that mat.
tet. deal thiligs N:'e, rhl \'ery act ot seeing thing :
large and sidall things. close at hand and things far
way presul:,l:.o)ses an instrluneient for obtaining such
results .
b





12 The Academic Bulletin '
'To view small things, very close to us we use the "
the microscope; micros : small seoporo-I see: Lsee. siall
things. To view large things far away the telescope
is used. Teleo: far away. Scopeo :I see. I see things
far away. ,The human eye is the best example in eist-
enee qf the microscope and telescope combined., We
can see the grass at our feet, the beautiful landscape,
the line of trees that belts our horizon, the blue sky,
the twinkling star, or, we can tape some minute object
place it within the palm of our hand, hold it within
five or six inches of our eyes and examine it. Butthereg
is a limit to man's vision., We have all learned.that simsi
pie lessen. At best we can enlysee a few miles away ;,
and objects ith any satisfaction no smaller than a pin:
head. This lipiit,has .prv,ed a handicap to man's obser-.
vation;; p]nce he. has been trying for centuries to im-
prove this condition of things.
In 1608 Frank Lippershy, a Dutch spectacle maker,'
invented the telescope (by accident). Shortly after
Galileo heard of the instrument, made one like it, and
discovered the satellites of Jupiter. Since that time
300 years have elapsed and the practical use of the tel-
escope in astronomy and in the practical affairs of lifd
is so well known as to waive comment.
Do things living and dead exist, that can not be
seen with the naked eye ? Even to-day people have
the notion that if a thing cannot be seen it is not there
They do not even realize that they do not really s e all
of the things they seem to see.
In 1276 Roger Bacon used a lens made'of rock
crystal; this lens had magnifying qualities and he is
regarded as the father of the simple microscope. The
weight of evidence seems to point to Galileo as the in-
ventor of the compound microscope. Microscopes were
brought into general use by Leewenhoke and Malphigi
both of the 17th ce tury. Th,. former had a collection
ofmore 'than 400 lenses magnifying from 40 to 270 di-





,-' Thke Academic Bulletin 13
Aroeters. Indeed he was the father of microseepic ob-
-"servation. From that time until now the migroseope
has been greatly in use. At first it was used as atoy,
but gr-adually it bea ne an instrument of serious study.
In 1840 the manufaclure of lenses was improved, and
since then the micros ope has been used for serious pur,
pose in research w,.rkL The microscope has been the
means of showing the minute structure of plants and
anitial t issue. the prctDoplasninic material upon whichtheir
activity depends, theii condition of health and disease.
In fact, inevey department of scientific and industrial
operation the microscope has become an absolute neceh..
sity. To illustrate the practical application of the mi-
cr,:ieope in test-in the purity or ilmpllurity of water isno
longer-dounted. I have here four small bottles, in each
of which dried hay and water have been put., ;.
-:Examinllg 'the -fi'st twelve hours after being pre-
par] in l't *--' :' -
I repeated the same operation with the second
twenty-folur hours after .liing prepared, and noticed a
certain kind of microscopic animal. Observing the
third bottle thirty-six hours after- preparation, three
different kinds of animals were -fol.lll, and in great a-
bundance. -
Making an examination of the fourth bottle 48 and
60 hours respectively after preparation, at least a half
dozen'different forms were found. Every one knows
that the problem of comparatively pure drinking water
is one of the vital problems of our civilization. For
wherever organic matter is allowed to decay in water,
a host of animal and plant forms are developed; and
these taken into the system are too frequently'the foreS
runners of disease, even epidemics. Now were it not
for the microscope we would be less able toward off
dangers so liable to come through this common source.
As a result city authorities take every 'precaution'to
keep the drinking water of the inhabitants free fromi
pollution ; intelligent ruralists keep their wells cleaned.
,- : *





14 'The Academic Bulletin
and covered, and look well to the position of the water
supply with respect to out-houses, drainage, etc.
!., '
:, ~ MICRO ORGANISMS
What are they ? Molds, Yeast, and Bacteria com-
prise a series of plants known as micro-organisms.--
They form a group of the utmost importance to the
physician, the agriculturist, and more and more we, are
learning that many of the, tasks of the-ihousekeeper,
many of which are unpleasant have their foundation in
the study of bacteria: we are beginning to realize that
these ssmall organisms constitute the foundation of the
demand for cleanliness so forcibly emphasized in mod-
ern times. .
These organisms have a very important bearing on
the household in three ways. (1) They are the cause
of the decay and the spoiling of foods and many other
products. ., .
t (2) Sometimes they-are of value in the preparation
of foods.
(3) They are the cause of contagious disease.
We shall very briefly consider the two classes of
organisms, moulds and yeast because of their import-
ance in the household. The preparation of food belongs
primarily to the department of cooking. But the sci-
ence of cooking has nothing to do with the preservation
of food. It is largely for this reason that the study of
bacteriology is now looked upon as a part of the neces-
sary training of every housekeeper.
Why does food spoil? why will it not keep indefi-
nitely, without so many precautions for keeping it ? An-
swer : Other animals and plants are fond of, the same
foods that we are; and they take every opportunity to
get it. If we can keep them away indefinitely our fool
remains in the best condition; if not, it. spoils. These
invisible animals and plants are constantly on the alert
to eat the food prepared for ourselves; and putrefcation,
decay, souring simply means they have gotten there.





i" SThe Academic Bulletin 15
,'W-e a rel fraf'liar with molds. they are planes whose
i* t ity mSyl be proven by the microscope.
Evny' one ihas seen the fluffy substance which
FhIep don on ld bread that has stood for a long time in
* w'ru place ; on ripe and decay ing fruit; on the old
sbes stored away in closets, These are molds, and are
nothing more nor less than vegetable organisms which
flourish on this material. Sometimesthey are red some
times blue, gieen, lemon, or black. The different kinds;
colors distinguish the ciiifftrent kind, for there are
as many species as there are in more highly developed
plants. When these minute p]apts mature they produce
fruit in the form of little spears or seeds which rest in
every nook and corner of the household whenever the
air of a room is disturbed in the least, they float about
here axd there and every where, and finally settle on
anything, and everything. Should the object be suit-
able to their growth, they at once begin to grow, there
and reproduce themselves as above stated. Now what
practical application can be made of this fact? It will
be found:ll that whenever the air of a household is stag-
aant, the growth of these organism is facilitated.
Hence the necessity of allowing fresh air to circulate
through the different apartments of the home. Again
the damp air is an aid to the growth. Houses in which
sufficient sunlight is not diffused, by reason of insuffi-
cient number of windows and doors or otherwise,
are breeding places for these minute plants. Their
presence always makes itself known, by- the musty
snmll g'ven to clothes in the rooms and by the gather-
ing of the plants upon all organic material in their vicin-
ity. Again we have found out that it is very indiscreet
to sweep kitchen or dining room while food is being
prepared or being placed on the table, for in distur-
bance of the air, they rise and in due time settle on the
food, and in many ways make it unfit, or at least un-
desirable for human consumption. In fact sweeping
ought never be done with an ordinary broom unless





16 The Acadewic BiUetn i
the floors have been dampened to prevent the spread \
of dust, which besides containing nrrlds may contian
other germs injurious to the person, Have you ever
thought why it is the housewife takes so!much precau-.
tions when making jellies or putting up preserves ?
It'is because these 'molds are omnipresent, ready' to
pounce upon and utilize the sweets she purposes to put
away for future use. Very frequently, especially in a
warm Climate like ours, she finds her work all in vain
for these little plants get into the sweets and what they
cannot eat themselves, they spoil for our purposes.
The microscope has enabled us to study the nature,
methods of development, the conditions of growth, of
these minute forms, and therefore enable us to combat
them in a way otherwise impossible.
We are now ready to consider the second class of
organisms, Yeast. What are they ? From time im-
memorial it has been known that the juices of certain
fruits and grains under certain conditions when left ex-
posed to the air would undergo a certain change called
fermentation, resulting in a product called alcohol and
carbon-dioxide gas. But what caused the substances to
undergo the change was a mystery. About two cen-
turies ago, a Dutch microscopist found fermented li-
quors filled with exceedingly small bodies the nature of
which he did not understand. It was not until the nine-
teenth century, by the aid of the microscope, was it
found out that these little bodies were living organisms
capable of feeding, growing, and multiplying. And to-
day we know not only what these bodies are but cu'ti-
vate them, breed them as we would higher animal
form& The knowledge of them is of tremendous im-
portance, when we realize that two of the most exten-
sive and far reaching industries of the age depend di-
rectly upon them, namely, the making of alckoolic
liquors and the making of bread alone.
To show the practicality of the microscope we
could go on in finitum piling up fact upon fact making
demonstration upon demonstration. It is the purpose of
g.





The Academic Bulletin nI
this paper rather, to call attention to the fact that awi
and every day life go hand in hand;.aad that tih ASly
of nature in its various forms as carried e i 'i
schoolsat the present time, touches a vital init isvery
phase of our daily life, and contributes to ow' bafty ,
happiness.andi ;welfare in the proportion thatwr' liat
and put into practice its lessons. .ai;;: .
STUDENT INTERESTS ..'.: i:"e ;.
Without doubt the chief thing that has occu|w
the student, mind outside of the class room haB eba
athletics. The desire for participation in footbai ail
tennis has received great impetus. With the suees tlat
has come to the football team on the: gridiron this yeat
a.real college spirit has been born and the camp.a and
chapel and dormitory halls have resounded again w.
again with songs and yells in praiseof the F. A. M, 6
The range and green have been more promaiwat
this year on lapels and hats and canes than. ever before
in the history of tile instltuition. In a desire to loser
such e.lthusiasmnas has ma'niifested itself, pennants .a
college pins have been ordered, so t .at with the advelt
of the baseball sLason there will be new symb s ;0f the
college spirit.
The inter-state and intra-state contests which
have taken place this year, it is believed, are bat the
beginning of contests that will continue from year t
year. In baseball as well as in football the college teams
of Florida and Georgia will* meet and ceient tke
friendly rivalry which is only in its infancy. Steps are
now being taken to insure the meetings on the diamond
in the spring.
Tennis at present is local, but is enjoyed by a large
number of students. A tennis tourney is on and the
best players in doubles, a boy and a girl, will receive
the college pin as prizes from the Athletic Ausoeiation.
MUSICAL ORGANIZATIONS
The College Band, with Herman Spearing of
Jacksonville as leader, is all but indispensable to the





iR:* "*' *'' i 'r ( .
18 The Acadeomic
military organization. The concerts in the en air
show that the young men have made marked .iavwe-
ment on their work of previous years.
The Orchestra also ef-special occasions has pleased
the audiences. At all public exercises held in chapel
the orchestra has had a prominent place on the pro-
gram.
Continued success and long life are wished for both
these musical organizations.
PUBLIC RHETORICALS
Through the monthly public rhetorical, under the
direction of Mr. J. N. English, the members of the
upper classes are receiving great benefit in oration, de-
clamation, recitation, and essay.
The debating society, known as the Philomathean,
a new society this year, is composed of the young men
of the Senior School and is sure to be a source of ad-
vantage to them in the ability to think on the feet "
and to express themselves in good language and logi-
cally. It is hoped that through this society also the
colleges of this and other states will be brought into
helpful contact.





Tite Aeadruic BN ti, 19
^ .i EN, T TO JANUARY 8. 1910 IY CLAIS
H g Hti SIhCuL- Ya._ _._ L_ e_ -
Glralnulrln.l _i __A ____ ---- -
High School--Se .. ....r. __ ... .
HigIchaoot-rfhird. Year .
Senior Schooi-B __.. _._ _-..- ....- -- .
Senior Schoa-A ....._. .
Senior Shool--First Year __ _... C{a
Senior School--Secnd Year .. .......... 4
Senior School---Third Year .._____... ....__ 1 .
Senior School-:-Foirth a Year_ ..... 1
INDUS-TRAL ENR-LL ,ENT JANUARY 8. 1.914
Mtcihaieai;,l aii Air..J.it, iti ra.~i UD ... I
Printing -..._ .... __ .. 11
t'.,,ntin ...-_- ...I_ ___-.____ ___.._ .... ___.._ 7
Cooking .......____.. _. ..._.. _______. ______ -,
Plair. Sewing _. ._._._.. .____ .._ _........
_ r ~ -_ k in .c' -. ._.. _._ ................................. .
MiUinev:y ........... ....
Carpentry ----------- --------------
Caplentry- ...............___. ...................9. 1 '
F:h.lal.ajflli ...' --. M I
Wmeelwrighting' .....-. -. -...--- ---------
TypeFwrting & Stenograpj ...-................
MatAtia Training ................ T.
Elemerntary Agriretxa _- _: ..... .... .-
Agronomy- ..... .....- .-.-..--
Horticulture .... ..._.-___ ---
Elementary Animal 5
Husbandry (
Elementary Vegetabie J
Gardening C
School Garderi;ng ..- ......
Nurse Training .3.. _. .- .
Tailoring ... ..._._.__-..-..-. .--- 1





Oaeoe -- -- -- .-------3
rr '......
E,- kea- -- 3 --
VaBa -----_, .- 5
3
Palm Beach -lE- -------------
Waahiiigtxm-._-_----..A. ..
Polk ~,.9 '
.Alabama .-_ .-- i. _
,Georgia-- 1
Africa .---._ _____---.._ ..
., .Toltal- ------'- .
t Johns .. *................. "1
~aylor ............................... ._.___ !
A. . .. _
Geora _. .__..__ ..__ _
. L





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