• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Introduction
 Review of related literature
 Analysis and interpretation of...
 Summary and conclusions
 Bibliography
 Appendix






Title: Community Participation of 130 Negro Public School Teachers in the Socio-Economic Activities of Leon County
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AM00000023/00001
 Material Information
Title: Community Participation of 130 Negro Public School Teachers in the Socio-Economic Activities of Leon County
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Dupont, Eleanor Jiles
Affiliation: Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University
Publisher: Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College
Publication Date: 1952
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: AM00000023
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Florida A&M University (FAMU)
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - AAA0919
notis - ABV5539

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
    Title Page
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
    List of Tables
        Page v
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Review of related literature
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Analysis and interpretation of data
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
    Summary and conclusions
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
    Bibliography
        Page 32
        Page 33
    Appendix
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
Full Text








GOMtJNITY ZPAfTICiPA5ZNf l P 13 NiGHrO ?ULXiC SCHOOL
TVCHlRS ma T1h SO2aOwC(OOhtC ACTIVITIES OP L2ON COUNTY








A Theias
Presented To

The Faoulty and Gra&drate Go6m ittte of the
Florida Agfricultural and1 lecsi leoal Clolge








In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirement for the Degree
Master of olence in Education








by
3leeanor Jiles Dipont
August, 1952








C l Y P-1C
4. .


CeoWxxITY PATICIIPYTIC 0l 138 ,`no t PUIbl SCHOOL
TiAHtER I N TE4 sOIoCiOCIVXC ATVITIST 01 L3O COUNTY












A Th.sia


sleanor


by
Jiles Lupont


Approved AZ-
i4PPWOV~I7AOItiattcL~SL.


9?^; %


7Afl.Eainhmasinn101


Cr


00 -W


v







TA.BLL OQ CoNT4Ts


0141ThRI


I QTRODfOTIONl N w ****** 9*9*** 0 *** .6***0
Tze Problem, .....*.*** ..**,,*.o,,,**.**.**. ,
Statement of the roblat.,... ..*.. ....

Signiftcance of the ProblemI **.,b.. ,,.,

Delimitations or ~oope of the
?tobllal*.9*90***9469*90*6*9** *#0*9***0
Basio Assw mptonrs. 9,,9 .* *9 *9*,0* *0 ,

Definitions of Terma Used ,, ...,.........
COiYuityT# *** **e 0 E49 *9**40*9********9***
P articipat1 on.1 ,,, o,* **** ,** ****,,

l? O0ublic h0ool...***,*,... 00 ,***,4@ ******
0810QiViO* 099******49009*9 ********00*

HMtotd of Proooidu.* **.,, ,*** 4**** *949

Ravire OF RELATMD IMT&KTas........ <....

Christoensen's Stud,. ,.... ,,.,,.,,,,,,.,,
Grentho's Study **.*.*# 9* *, ,*9 4*e*,**

Cook, Aiask And Greenhoa's Study.******.***

Cook and Almaat ks tudy,**,.,*.. ,,.**.****.

Other Related Lit;rature..,,*,,,. .... .. ,,

Limitations of Previous Literature...*,....*

ANALYSIS AUD ITEiRT TAUTImOtN 0 DsTA .,

Result from estionnaires an
Clihecklis ti.a o*ot q*e**cvo o 90 46 **9**90 9**

?1. 1 *ndings......... 4090**09*0*499 *#***0***
Participation of 'Amtnistrative
Poerorinl,*. 6a ,******, ***** ** ***


QAGS


I





2

3

3

3

3







6

6


7

7
8

9

I



12


.13








TABESI OP 0 20kTS ,oont'd.)


STecesr. irtiiopati u n Aeooordinj
to Age R&ng ,**** .....***************.

TeoaiLer Partiolpation According
to Tenure of Offiao....*...,........* 18

Speoifio ActivItles Involving
Teacher Pasrtloipatlon................ 20

fajor Types of Activities In-
volving T:eohoer I-articipations,, ,.*. 23

Attitude, of Te&cheb rs toward
Community Partsiipati;on....*......... 26

'UIIV S JMMARY AND CjNLUS1ES.******* 28

SuWr* ********************* 428

ConAluslon******************************* 3

aof iiO0RAPB **. *0* 0. 0* *0**. 0**.* .*.**s** .0 33

AtPPi a *0*.**. .**1****** ****.** o*********t*o0 33







LIST OF TABLESg


TABLE PAGE
I Specific Aotivities in which 15 prin-
oipals &nd supervisor Show Greatest
ParticipaLtion, *....* ... .....*... ... 14

II Specif1o Co ity Actituvities in whioh
126 Leon county Yublic Sa.hool Techera
&how Greatest PartiCipation According
to Age waBge .,.* .****** ** ..********* 16

III A Comparelson of 10 gpea ctlio or2a mmiity
Activities in which 137 Leon County Noegro
School Teoahera show latest artsi- .
patirn Acoording to Tenure of O tfio....,.... 19
IV Specific Activities in which 137 Leon
County b egro ub.tio Sool Teachlere
Show OGats't Parti ipati n....,..*.... ... 21

V Major Typ e of Coc anity Activities in
whihoI 137 Leon County Negro Publlc
School Teachersa Prtioipates............*... 24

VI A Comparison of the Responses of 138
Leon Ounty Nrgro Public -:,eahool Tosahers
to the 'uestiant Do Xou AbcJpt Co-mn ...
it. Parteiapation .A a Tea7her's Respoin-
sbiUltyT. tee. **. CC SPP cc,, *427











CUAP TE X


I IN' THODUT 01ON

One notes today in the preparation of teachers,
a general awing away from the traditional type of
training t to a study of living, hanngrig iomun=ties
and their problems There s at present no bocio-w
logy of childhood, no scientific understanding of
school and community interaction, and little exot
knowledge~ of the tPaehker* outv-of-school contacts
and relationships.
THE PRO BLi
Statemaen-t th ebbi yyX

It as the purpose of this study to determine the degree
of oatual participating of Wegro eleemntary and secondary
*ohool teachers in thek organized socio-oivi groups of Leon
County.
It is further the purpose of this study to present the

findings of the investigation in the form of a report inolue
siv of possible reoommendntions brsed on the analysis of
the data.

A miniTfanos o tflt PfrofL2
ThM time has passed when teao&' rae may properly wrap
themselves in their own interests, live in their little
academti world, hold themselves aloof fror m the every-
day life of the oorunity. The time is bhre and overdue
when, for the good of education, teachers should palrti
&tpate, and participate generously, in the work and play

1T L0d AA. o'ok, tronald 8. Almaok, and dPlorence GreenlhoIe,
"Teachor end oaaity Aelations", oaria Gls cealooicafl eview.,
Volume 3* 167-174. april, 1938.





2
of the acOrcmity in which they teach. ,
This assertion by iHagen explain the educational sipg-

ifteance of t.oe problem,
In order to keop abreast with the changing ana pro-

gressing view of the social side of education, it i tt igly
significant that evidence of the actual extent of teacher
participation in ommanity activities of Leoan County be dinA
played as a basis for improvement,, if any 1, needed.
Delimttations of the PFrobLe

Certain specific limitations are to be faoed i n an I
vostigation of tls a inds (1) The study is fliited to Degro
public aohool teacherI in the following schoolst Lincoln
high eShool, lorida Agrioultural and o.asanit eal Colilee Ie~
monstration $ hool, Griffin ortnal and Industrial Institute,
Sound Junior igli school, and the elementary schools of Leon
CountyU (2) AttituAdes of patrons in a given ormu-nity are
not the sam* in evory ease regarding the a oounity activities
in which teachers should partioipaute (3) oirn teachers do
not oooperate fully wit.;. tw study by returning the ques-
tionnaireas hence ath study is based on the probability of
incomplete replies. (4) Teacher responses to some quoes-
tions may be colored. with sight ex ageration if his or her
job is at stake () Ztta on eOmUanity sociooiviac activities

Z iverett i agen "#legleated Duty of aSacheyrs$ $aOh4 jayaewt
Volume 3 163-178,. January 4, 1936.






3


concern only active organizuatons in Leon County, (6) The
study deal witc eaponeao & teachers only, ruthfr than

with aomplteentary~B rsponses of' patrons in t:Oe eoMiunity Stud-*.'


*Ud^ -y----- :~---- ~--
led.


BasiLa assuptlo upon withlh the study is based re;

(a) I1egro publiao school teal ers do participate in the

soi&al and oivio activities of rLeon county.

(b) The teaOher is expected. to exercise some sooial and

oalio leadership in thel aoe t nnity

(c) The teoher should bo active in the social group and

prooeases about ki.mj for in order to teach these realities
teaohere 'must understand wad participate in theut

Defintltioans of U Tom Used
in order to clarify Vmpo rtant word used i n the studj,

the following wo da are defined ".& ommanity isa defined as

a body of people having eomaon organization or interest, or

living in the same place under thbe ame laws and regulations.3
"Participation" is the act or state of- haring in common

with others.i
"Publie school*, in the United S.tates refers to an elemaen-

tary or secondary s0t0ool0j now, usually free maintalned by the

loral government t'

.U1. no-rse and Others, zditora, Wobatert's Nie lntersnation*
a4 Dictionary, New lorkt Publishran U 4171--------
4 IbId
5 Ibid, p. 3-






I


The term, "oaio1civic" is a *oo4togial teim uaiaed in

connection with activities that pertain to liasure time pur-

auits of man us a m eber of a municipality and as a iriber
of society,6
Mofi ^yrocdureo

The normative survey mithod was weed in aamkinsg it 1

investigation, for the purpose of tthe investigator was to

ascertain the prevailing conditi. ns a related to teacher part

ticipation in the oomm-unity acti cities of Leon County. Utili-
sation of such techniques as the personal interview, the queasy

tionnaire, and thti check list were very helpful in mi.aking the


In beginning the study interviews with many t titsens Who

worked in various social organizations and clubs were made.-
"uring the course of this investigation, the researcher found

that the sponsor of the ;osmopoliLtan Xouth Council had a com-

'piled list of all of the active sooial and sevico organizations
in Lean County. This list of 38 social and Otire olubs was

used a a foundation for thj check list,
Contacts were later made with, the Seunty Jeannes &uper-

visor, the principal of Lincoln high school, griffin Normal

and Industrial Institute and ?lorida ,Agrieultural und Me#aehan

ieal Collegea ;emonstrati .n &Bhool for the names -and addresses

of the hegro elenmntary and scondar school teachers in Leon

County. Name's s d addresses of the aupezrvieora, principals,

office personnel, special teachers, and librarianaes wre






5


included in tre general i nrst
Befor standing the introauctors letters oonoe rin, the

study t the teoaoeras pesrsonl interviews were mado wi th
many teaohkers to solicit their operations ,n n making te study.
Later, 130 i3ntroduatory letters in which a .uestionnaire, an
hbeek list were enolrsed, were distributed to the teUheers.
S In many instances the researcher made ore than one visit

to the teachers before she received an adequate aitpling of

138 reaponfses. ,7Th present sawpling represents 73*4 per cent
of the total numberer of teu*acser in service as listed in the
offices of the JeaeM supervisor and hig.n aos.ool prinoip&ls.






6


CHAPTER II

REVI'". OP ibLTI2 LIa'JTURJX

Chriastoe*r a Atnudxg
Hans Chriatensen made a oase studs of a group of-teuah*-
er,, who lost their positions in ,small cao=uanlties in Coloraw
do. LH secured in fornatiorn on re&aons for the dismsaaal of
the teachers studied frt the superintendent's orflces. Ct2hris-

tenson found that in mirny c ae the primary ausen for dcilamiaX
was a lack of interest in o6cornlty activities. and problmsI.7

Oreeihoe *6s u!dj
in the sami year#, lorence Oreonhoe wrote a dootoral

dissertation conoerniniE the camanity oontats of 9,122 pub'le
school teaIo.ora selected on a nation wide sal#e. Greenhoe't
study concerned itself with the physical mobility of th -teach-

era studied, their social fitness for teaching, tor.unity par-
ticipationa commanfiy pressures a nd tbe atttudes of teaonaers
toward community pressure.

In her study of the 9,122 teaoalra, Oreaenhtoe used 356
school botrd members, 2,095 lag persons and 3,044 atiueAts in
training to be tealcaersa Greenhoots findings were:s "lat
average teachers take part, in four activities, but that teaoh-

era as a group reveal no substantial laader Pa p in ran type of

eanI G Ch~,iacn tr "eher-omaunity Rkelationsit4 in
Smail Cimanities4, NMastea thesia, Univereity of coloradc,
boulder 1939.






7


organized oommu ity life other tLan ehuro- wori a nd parent
teacher assooiati.ons* Groeenoo aaolura des wit the state-
Menti

Our bast interpretation of finaingse rests on
the premise tUat t.* soc iology of the teacher is the
sociology of the stran egr; that is, that the teacher
in her ooo unity relations is one version of
the stranger ecm3opt*...,th teachers is g ilty of in-
eomplete Integration as is the strangeor*

Coo Imac Oreonhoe' St
In a preliminary stady t to the above rwnti >ned one,

Cook, bAlaSk and G renhoe made a study of ooM*unity relations
of 622 Ohio. Pennsylvantia, and 4est Virginiat ementary and
secondary teachare in service. Ahelr lfindinge were interpret-
ed inr this abtaementt
Teacher gtiv money to morpe orlganiAions than
thy attend regularly. they contribute most heavily
their timae an4d oney to acharoh and parent teaoar
aotivities.,..L. general, one la not impresead with
their role ad stat&tu in thle Sany 8sociationa whioh
comprisea the functional e omunity.


ftolowing the study of the ao winlta y relations of 622
Chio, P*ennsyrrlvania, and 'eat Virginia teash&ors, ook and
Almack made a separate investigation .of the co munity parti-

cipation of 2,878 hio teachers Revelationsa of this study

weres

d eireoce breenhoel, W^he Co salnty Contacts of 9,122 public
School Teaohera Selected as a1 national Sagple*, DoctorP'
Thesis, Ohio State University, olusburs, 1939.
9 Ibed

10 Lloyd Gookf aonald Alk~ eok, aand Ilorence. Oreenbsoe, "~atoh.
er and Ooamanaity Relatione, A sriearoa ooloSteaa al v,
Volume 3 167-174, A pril, 193- .-- ---






a


Without doubt tV.o two types of o-00cmity enters
prisae which make the greatest claim on teacher tir.,
thought, and energy are religious and professional..,.
83.6 per cent of all teachers studied, report them-
selves as members of tI::e curah and allied organizations.
It 1i here, and perhaps only ,reo, that teachers reveal
subst .ntlal local leadership,
Other e+latwed Literature
Keller contrasts tre two opinions held by saom teach-

era ecoaoerning teaeber participation in ooa:unit; activities
in this manner
Some maintain that the schoolroom limits tvtir
obligation and consequently they foous all their atten-
tion to these..on t, e other hand most tea;e.are reoo-
nise the wider opportunity nd shalle2ge t.hey face, To
them the. school is only a part of their rPoponsibility
..*.,.They realize that it will be to t.*e advamnteg of
tgPhe cumity.. the aseool, And particularly theselves
to carry this larger view'.
Keller realisea tia there rare obstacles that any teeaot-
or faeo* in extensive community participation but his sugt
geation is that the ambitious teacher will "find wa-a" of in-
troducina hisaelf inoffensively into the activities of the
co ity< 13
iXlpatrick notes that
The wider duties of the teaching profesalon in*
eludes responsibility for helping the public to ee an
understand any aeduatliv effect fro~r any part of lifo
that significantly ooneePrn the public wlfare...he or
she- is a member of the sP o fmnty, wit-in reason, the
teacher should aoept responsibility to .haIre with others

II QIyd A. Cock, and 4onaiAd t, Alasck, "The Cotmnity Pr ati
oipation of 2,870 Ohio Teaoeersa, ~dyation i~iAd -n m atraton
Supervision, Volum 215: 107-119, falrur73 TgJJ.
12 I. 0. KOiller, Teaohfer'e GoCmanity Influenioe, ,.QHalo <
sZooity, Voluw 50: 566-570, October 280, 199.


13 ibid4 p. 8.






9
in helping tte cowmunit, study its varied social probleaas.1
Roma O&Gs discusses th .point further in hisa essay on
"The Teaoher in the GoVsunity" by suggesting that, "thbei place
of the teacher in tL e om Inity is tn old aonatoverial issL .t
which today may bo changed in view oa the changed purposes of
education, he mp*hasises the #soci$ l function of education

in a damocrar y with ,implications that the fashioning of an edu4
national policy imposes on teachers responsibilities that are
Oivic and aoecia in obaceater, as well as narrowly professional,.
Limitagon. o trngus Literat ure
In making a study of the community participation of teach-
era, Oreenho Cook, and ld&maek included a wider area of com-
sinity contacts than the writer proposeB to cover viz tflysi*
al mobility, saooial fitness for teaching, aisool and commr -*
ty prwsures and oOndlueCt codes. In no instance, however#, Jd
they specifically designate oegro teacher a
OChrsit etneiar study la limited to ase s tudie6 of teach**
ers who were unsucenstful in bolding their positions. The
writer is ooneered purely wit4 teacher -win-aservice.
Other literature related to t study a-ided the writer in
securing background information for the investigation.
The present study diffaera from the preoeding investigation
in that it it directly oonoeroed with community participation

'T[i iiSm tlpatrickyl "TIha Taschter's Woce in the Sol Life
of Today%* johoa Zag( Soeiete, Volume 46: 129-134, July 31, 19)7


15 Ro scz Oan, Te"'h Toacher in th Goe mnity, scool and
Sooty, 43: 3 100-107, ltovaembr, 19414







oft (a) teachers in the state of lorida, (b) aOsers in
Leon County, and (4) Seg ro tohebrs
It im further oonoernod with the sooial and devio clubs
of Leon County, only*
In light of the changed view of education which empha-*
aisea the social functions of the *sUe, the investigator ala
to present the results of i tudy otf obunity participation
of the Negro theater of Leon County public s hools. It 1
hoped that the findings wil hpl be helpful tn shaping the etda
tional policy of the schools of Leon County.






.A





OAA ?TL III

ARALYS4 AZD I1TtRfltTh4ION OP DATA

Results from setti omastre and O3cklists

Of the 138 teasbers sampled, 19 par cent were male a nd

81. per cent were fela. Flifty per. cent of the respondents
ware elementary teachers, 30,4. per cent were high s0cool0 teaeb *

oera, 10,8 per Oant were principal ind supervisaors and 8.6 perv ::
enaWt were uinolaasified, Unclasaified teachers are those teach. ..*w
ora who are not specifically identified wit i. ;y grade groap ,,.

exazplaa ara special teachers, office personnel, masite t48eae."
era,# veterans academic teacherag and librarians.
Prom tk t standpoint of &e rIangeo, 41 per cent of the toeaoh* .

ers studied were between thirty and forty years of age; 26 per
cent were between twenty and thirty years of age; 17 per. sent
were between forty eand fifty years of age* ; per cent were

between fifty and sixty years of age; and I per cent was be-* ;
tween sixth dtyand *ev aty 7year of age, Ten per oent of t he

teachers did not aheclk t.eir age r %e,.
Forty-four and nine tenths per omit of the teachers sa-

plod have taUghi in LEon County nwor than ten years 36,2 per

cent have taught fraom four to, ten years;- and IS.8 per cent
have taught t~eea. yeans or less in Leon County. a


Sixty-two and three t-tnthe per ont of the respondents

were native Floridianis 30,4 por cent wore from the southern

section of the country; and .*7 per cent were from the northern







section of the country.
A sentrast to th:e results frow the present investigation
to the study made b;, Cook, Atlok iand Oreenhoe of 62a Ohio,
S Wst Virginia and sennseylvrni teacher reveal that 70 per
cent of the teachers used were elementary teoobere, and 30 per
sent tore hi schooXl toackoiraj *eventy-five per cent were
male and 25 per cent were female 66 por cent were under 35
years of age, 47 per cent were uader' 30 years of & e with the
model range at 25-29. About three fourth had tsaut less than
fifteen years; over half less than ten, axd one fourth less
than five. Respondents were in main of native birth.16

Tdingo
To find the nature and extent o.f teacher participation

in organized ooamnity life, a. oheck list of 38 co aunity acti-
vitles wras-prpared. The range of these organizations is
suggested b' the ;titles: church, parent teaober groups, LSbl
study groups.e, fraternal groups Red.-Croses voters. league, scouts
and needle work Ciubs. aRepondents were asked to indicuto with
the mark "x" whether they were regular members, paid dues or
gave money, or werre officers or sponsors of t'h activities in

question. ~erahers were requested to writ, the nest of any
community organization not included on the lSt.
questionnaires consulting of twelve items pertakinng to
the teacher's personal background anr the nature o hisae work
were also prepared for distribution,


16 Cook, Alck, and 'reenhoe, op. cit. p. 7,






13


?articipation of 4aiiitflt vs apson ek
The first interest of the inquiry wae in the nature and
extent of the partialpatli.n of the administrative pwersnnoe
in the on1Uanity activities. The teohers aooPPrising the
administrative personnel atudled mounted to thirteen pril5
cipals and two supervisors. Seven organizations in which he

4aminiatrative workers ahowed greatest participation were
*elected on the basis of "regular emeber," for Table 1. As
evidenced in Table 1, 83.6 per cent ,of the fifteen principals
and superviters studied participated in the seven seleottlo
aotivitltEs aa retplar ~. bers, 694 per oent paid dues or
gave money to them m, 17.7 per cent were officers or Spon-


otioeably hi h was the persaentage of administrators who
were regular mber s o the P&rent easier 3Jt soaoiaUton, t-he

ehurt*h the Rod Cross, the atioBnal Asrtooiation for the Ada
vanemrent of colored People, and tth Leon County tpa chers As*
sociati on.7

Aoeording to sex teare were nine male administrators and
six females studied. In round anubers the Inquiry revealed
that the ale a inistrators studied were regular rmeri of
an average nine activities, while the female administrator

wore regult r ember, of about eleven activities; ale t4in-
isatators paid dues to a average eight totivities, wtile fe-.
manles' paid dues to an r aveage nine activities male adminia.-

trattrs were officers of aLn average 4 activities, while





SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES IV ItB; 15 1$ fhi Atami 1W prit) -sUns sEoI $ aEO QSat A TI
-TIGIPAT&IOI^l PkT CaT Rt4POhSA



name of Organization Hegular Hember Pay )ue. or Give oney Officer or -pon


P. T. A. 93.3 73*3 13.3
iyh 86.*6 80. 33.3

Red Cros 8 4.66 73.3 -

,. A. A, C P 86.6 66.6 -

Coan~ity chat 86.6 66,6 6.6

Aumsni 80. 46.6

teon County Teache. r*
Association 86.6 80.



JOL ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ L 2" : ... 1; '_' --LT__-l---" 7 .-" ._,i ._---_ -- Z -f.L-- .. _. .y .../' .T"__ _. ... 2 1 ...... ...... .. .. ... ...... --" ".' .. ........ .. .. .. .. .. ........ ... .... ... .. .


or'










a -LI~~~L~









f
''







I






i

r,

:r








;


female administrators were officers or sponsors of aN aver

* age 3 activities.

Comparing the above revelation with ook and &Alad :i

investigation of thes omm;ity participation of 2,870 Ohio

tenohern, they found that, around three tenths o 1 the men and' .

one half of the woman aar members of from one to fyive orgenl- :

nations, Mn average aso. what greater ,embsership up to and

including g lx organizations; beyond tisa point women take the

lead. On the average men contribute to fewer activities than

men up to four activities wtvBor they again forgo ahea4* M en

make a better showing as officers or aponsaore.i

Finally tVhe inquirer noticed a direct contrast in the

high peroerbttag of iberthip in ooBBlnnity oativitits shown by

administrators and the low peroentae who were officers or

sponsors, The oontraat leads to the can mueion that the pro-

fessional leaders studied are not always oommunitty leaders,

Teghber P'rticipfa an ACoordtDin t4Ae %a1 go

PIrtheor insight into oomm nity participation led the in-

vestigator to study the Is ianlity participation of the respon-

dents acoordinpg to age. ranges, The five categories used in the

questi:nnaitre were used as a baisa for age groups, These were

20 to 30, 30 to 0, 40 to O0, 50 to 60, a~d 60 to 70o, n the

caption of Table II th, reader will notice thatt 126 oases, out

of the 138 p ispond nts woere used, Thiu difference maay be ac.

counted for because twelve of the respondents did not reveal

their ago rfnges. 'right activities, the chrobh, rentt TSaobers


S0.0ook ea- ,okeak, op oit, p, $,


2S






8PaC1FPw C 0011? afCTIVIUSlI$ la Hi0hX 126 L30N coum naIcs rCO ra&
SNOW G^THST PARTICP'fTIOI ACCORDING TO AGESRANas F ?R cat ISOS




Sorsentl g^ 0 HYal r .w. y r -- ft. -A. .O.f
salon Ma. Du op rn*. Du. oran Mo m or DU r DTe or Mm. Dus or
or Spon. or .po. or$ Sp opr Spe.
t ve Qive v0ye Olve Oive


Chanh 88.8 66,6 22.2 100 9,7 29.8 91.6 87. 37.5 10o 71. 28.5 100 too a

P. T7 A. 83w.3 55 5 7 4 t0. 68.4 5.2 95.8 70.8 1245 100 71.4 V12 100 100


Crose 72.2 50. 27w 8.4.2 70f 1.7 83.3 75. 4.1 100 71*4 100 100


caht 63.8 ~5%5 2.7 71.9 70.1 3*4 75. 70.8 10o 71.4 tO 100 -

NAr CP 2.7 44.4 a 64.9 54.3 7, 62.5 .4 ,* 85,7 57.1 50 50 a


b0ool1 38.8 27.8 11.1 54.3 45.6 2a.3 33.3 29.1 12.5 42.8 4.8 a0o 50


(eol) 66,6 444 2.7 70.1 70.1 3.4 75 0* 71.4 22148 28 100 1o0

Co 777 70
t.As*oo. 77.7 55.5 2.7 86. 9.8 10.5 95.8 70.8 a 85.7 57.1 14.2 1o0 5Q a

T*Aos" *. 77*7 55*5 2*T 5 -9I-~- --- -1:-l -r_-^_I_. --_-~I-- -Ll~~.I I-_ -rl--I.L- --C- I l ----^_II-- p---I~;~C FL--~I~-


UP


-MM


1.
.,... -.


,?...
..,..
...yr~c;U
-t-
t







Association, the Red Cross, the acoEMM ulty oeat i
* Association for tho Advanceflnt of Colored People,
t ohool, the Alumen (ooflege) and the Loon County Teahs
Seiation, wIere selected for the table on tho btsis of great
eat participation, Findings noted were that 67.9 per cent of
the thirty-six teachers in the aoe range twenty to thirt were
regular ombors of the selected activities, 49.9 p*r g ,t pa4d
daus o gave maone, and 6.6 per ceat wre offtiers or sponsor.
Noted also W*4 the fact that out oa the fifty-seven teaU h
ers within the age range thirty to forty, 76*, per cent we e
re gular members of the activitie~i s seLottod, 62,8 per oent pat4
dues or g*av money, and 10*9 per cent were officers or sponsors
Out of the total of twenty-four teachers wi thin the ag*
range from forty to fifty, 76.5 per oent were vrgular members
of the aeotloed activities, 63*5 per *ant paid d a or gave
onrey, and 16.6 per sent were officers or sponsors.
Seven teaher s within the ag. range of fifty to sixty tn-
dioated thuss 85,7 per cent wver regular aeabera of the eight
community activities selected. 60,6 per cent paid dues or gave
monD*,, and 1 *3 per oant were officers or sponsors.
A e does not Sem to enter in as oo ntributing factor
toward ceomnamity participation or laok of oeanity partiai
nation,
Cooke Aslak, and Greenhoe,19 sanpled toaB~ers in the feol
lowing age ranges: under 3$ years, under 30 years, and 25 to


19 loydK .ook et, s.l, n" tchoer and Comlunity Relatione,
moerica Soo ooa. al (tview), Volume 3s 167-174, April, 1938,





18


29, but made no special. findizag on that point.
fTeacheg Partication Atoordio .ew ,* Of
The third interest of tw, inquiry was to analyse the F*
sponse of the on hundred thirtye-elght teachers acoord~inL t
tenure of offices, Sy way of e planation, 137 teeafhre VFWrO
used because one n apondsnt did not return the oheok list .whih
included a list or the activities in which he participuted,
ThreeP ategories were ~asd following iten five of the qaeastion-
naires 3 years or lea, 4 to 10 years, and more thn 10 years.
Ten activities were selected for Tbble IIIl the church, Leoa
County Teacher, 'Assoociaton, Parent Teachers Aso06iation, Red
Cross, lNational asoolation for t:e iadvanoswnt of Colored
People, Alumni collegee), community shest, Sunday School, IiA-*
sionary Society and 4wvnr leaVgue, hese organizations were
elected on the basis of r a test participation. Investiga
atton disclosed tlat ;0 -1 t. o*nt of*t the twenty-alx teacher
that have taught 3 years or less in beon County wore regular
members of tle ten selected organizations, 42.2 per cent paid
dues or g&ave mony, aad 6.2 per cent were of fiEors or sponsors,
Of the fifty. responses received from teachers Mho have
taught from four to xsi yuaru in Leon County, $9.6 per cent
ware regular m ambea' of the selected organization, 53,6 per
cent paid d4es or gave mone{, iad 6.2 per oent were officers
or sponsors.,

The sixty-one teachore Who have taught oroe than ten
years in Leon county indfated the following 67.$ per oent
wepe psre ar te.rs .of ten selected oo4mnity activities,





A C.PAR1iSON 10 SCIZIG O &UNWfM S ACTIVITIES 1i .2 137 Liao COUNTY M 13O
SCHOOL ThACHERS S0Od GRtaTSST PARTIcPAOIOI ACCODIEn 1U TSN&R C? Of'ICS
P0a CMN m1vRASPORS


Wa. of- ci 8o j 7i6
a* 0 f yare or less h 0 year -- Mgre tha 10 yIsr
O.,,a.ni .tio .eg, ay -D4 O. o. Dy ies Offa 5*. .l R
Member orGive or Meaber or Give or mber or Give or

C. 92*3 6543 15.3 94. S4. 2. 96.7 90,3 38.7

Loan County
teheras Aasoc. 76.9 50, 3.8 78. 64. 4. 9003 63 64.5

P. A. 73 46.1 3.8 80. 6 2. 93.* 723A 12.9
Rad Ocresa 73* 42,3 3.8 82. 8o, 47. 8.4 66.X 1.

LxA.A.C*P. 69.2 4.6.1 60. 60. 2. 62.9 48. 1.

mami(fslteg.) 65-.3 423 3.8 6 56. 2. 7141 48.
,ommifity chstr 57.6 53. 3,8 72. 76. 2. 7.41 66.1 .

nday Shoo*l 50. 30.6 11. 40. Y. 22. 46.7 38.7 22.5
?4isetonary
seelety 7.6 3.8 3.* 12* 10. 2. 25,8 22. 12.9
Voter's Leagau 2.3 14. 4. 2. 25.8 4S5~ 17.7


ins -W


or
F ..


2s&








Ii


21 S4 ap 19
21~ See 5049>a 19


20
53.6 per cent paid duoe or gave money, and 19.1 per agent were

eftficers or sponsorAw2

S vidAnoe shows that imong the three groups studled t in

teachers &awho ave taught more than ten years showed graatter aorvo

reunity participation both as regular aiembers of oo~xnflity OrganS

isations nd aas orffiac or sponsors but l536 per cent of the

teachers who hua taugE.t from four to six years paid dues to co a

mnity organitatlons In tihe ame manner that the for tmer gip
paid.

A ific Act s1it he nsplvXrin 7fe1a- r ParUa tic ion
Table IV displays the specific activities in whiofO the one

hundred thirty*i-iven teaChesa S*a ed. showed greatest eo.rManit

participation. In order to get a g.eeral picture of the group

as a whole respondents wee grouped according to grade

levels. o again, however, t.e reader probably notiteed that the

table include, only .137 e;rr esetawttiaves, ah d disorepanY y is

due to the asam reason as given in the previous table.*
Slementtary, hi school, principals and supervisors and

unalassifled, were t.he groups used, "Unlasailfied^ teacheBr ina

eluded maise tetaher special teatheu s, office clerks, library

itnsr and toachprs in those veterania progrfae ,
Aoctivities sailtted on the basis of greatest participation
weres the church, ^e4 C o@&, Farent Teacheres Aaociation, Com-n

muonity Chet, National association fpor the advanoiSent of C)o

ored People, A umi collegee), and Leon ouInty 'teahers' AssOeae

iat ion.





S P C Isfc a 2o T X V I T If S Is a E I C H 1 3 7 L S e ~SO"3 "UN T Y G k PI2 S C &.O L T E e1A H R S
0RAT PATCIPIO P T RSO


.-

" --. _,. .


Ogfl tfl t
Orgsanisation


Church

Red Crossa

P. T, .

.oaimmity Chast



Aium iecollseg)

Leon County
Teachers aSQ@..0&


1 > 85.7 86.6 91.6

8I. 83.3 86.6 100

84. 85.7 93.3 83.3

73*9 66.6 66,6 75.

9.9 69. 86.6 -41.6

71. 4.2 a0, $a63


81, 85.7 86*.6


-U
Now


7t.


rAX DQZ Oft' 01 VE MCAS Zx

la NI .n jrinl Eani.m



39,9 73.8 80. 91.6

65.2 66*6 73*3 83.3

69~-- 66.6 73.3 58.*3

62.3 71.4 66.6 66..6

492 $57.1 66.6 41.

50.7 50, 56.6 41.6


62.3 69 80. $58.3


P


o011ICa or 4OK&So
ore

& ot t


304 -.1 33.3 16,

2. 8.6

4*3 7.1 13.3 -

S2.38 .. -


.14
2.8


2.3

2*3


4.3 7.1


a a

S UP

a *


~l~YYI*~~~l- IL-~-YC`U IC~Y ~ '` -~-~ -9~~~~- 11-~rt ~ IC-~C- Y-~Y~r-lrrlr~'~r '~C-~YL~CI-I'' ~yr_~ _~~Y~ILI--Y~~l ~ Ip ~ -IY~--II--S-NOW *A 0 so goalIY-yU-y~~-)





22


Interestingly enough, in oomparieon of the diiffternt
groups studied with "regular member used s&s an indet, 83*6

per oent of th ~e Itenlstrative personnel were regulaXr mmbors
of the seven selected activities 77,1 per cent of t.e hiah
school teachers were ragulhr members, 77,9 per cent of the
*latle tnary teahoers were regular members and 74.9 per oent of
the unolassified teachers were regular members.
Using "pay duea or give money" asn index, 69.4 per sent
of the principals and supervisors sampled paid dues or gave
money, 64.1 per cent of the elementary teachers paid dues or
gave money, and 63 per cent of the unalassified teachers pid
dues or gave ao ar y
Again t e -ategory "officer or aponsior yields contrast-
ing results; 1747 per oent of the a~ inistr*tors were offiora
or sponsors of the seven aelectod activitle., 8,9 per cont of
the hig school teaoh &ra were officers o sponsors, 6,9 per
en t of th .el*emntary teachers were officers or *sonsor, and
12.4 per cent of the unclassified teachers were officers or
$2
sponsorE 8

A very interesting comparison In Table IV is twh regular
meMberahip held in the turch 'by the various groupS 100 per
cent of the zty~nine eaantary teaobers, 91.6 per oent of
the unol sified teheraha, 36.& per cent of the ad l~tnitrative
personnel, and 5.*7 per cent of the high school teaches,


'23?2 -5 ThSbX V, p. 21
















h

I

,,






I


S Still mother comparison of note is t h result et :thes
sttu.dy made by ;ook and Green.oe on th*e peoifia coamc a tt "
aeti vities in whiet 9,122 teachers show greatest partlp u.
tions over two*thdrds of the 9,1s 2 teachers reported wer .alM
minbership in the church tand one alf in the parent teacherh *
isolation; with one exemption, high school teachers have higi*
er nmebership, aon&y giving &nd office-hoiding ratio than do
23
grade teach. rsa.

a$j TJs 4of ct$vtietX# Aro2lving Teachor PYartIOcia on
azrtler inaight iato community participation maby r had
by analyzing the clubs, assooiationsg activities, and causeO
with whichba teachers identify themselves. Por presentation pur.
poses, these thirty-eight or meor specific groups aMd moveo
mente have been divided into s vaen major types. The principal
content of eacha type agy be listed th.uat
(4 ) tetlicous ( Churob, Sunday chool, Bible
study, Charch Xouthce oups and .
missionary societies
(b) Professional Alumni collegee and hii sc ahool)
aSult *dueation Elas1es, t&eah-
era aeesoioation, business
league, a'nd milnisterial alliance
(c) Relief orf elfra Red Cross, conSinty Ohest,
M-Harh of Dimes., and cancer cam-.
paign
(d) Civie g~rupa Parent teacher group, civic
1lea~Kue, Iberta eaaunity club
and Scouts
(.) fcaternal Ordera Lodges
(f) Political Groaupa Voterse Legute, .1 A., 0. P.

.3 9ioy4 A* nc :ad doren.c Jreennhoe, '*o iBty Contates
of 9X,22 Teachrar Soal F*oi4 _g_ oluaE 19s 30742, OctQber 194.4


I


03




-'Al "- V

YiAJOR TYC$ FMO CGf aITCY ACTflY'iT5 A IiX 137 LO tr
MIRlio P:I C40 SihOOk TSA CiRS PAT ClFAT


-eu--


ATIs OIT
ACTIVITY


Awlm


Now"

POP"


Relggtoua



Profesionf ~l




ivie rouaps


Praternal Order


Political -roups


Social cluba


sale 7 Male ALl


41 207 268


33 231 264


37 176 213


29 97 126


25 14 39


34 83 117


- 82 82


ftwe"I


PgArYi wp or iyij OT ig

>1 femaae All


30 172 202


35 169 204


30 150 188


21 77 98


20 7 27


19 63 82


67 667


'ci -
,-
C'""
'' i''
-r-
r;
a!


wom"Ww""Wo~


O, XC2!R o






5 18 23





S 7 11


5 1 6
- 27 2

7 ::.. .


*YIClllb~ll~YrrYIIIIIh~PWILl~mLYI~


---~--~--rpipr--"u -I--i--- -"---c~--~r---~u-'-r-IL~~r-'~ -~6--ll---j--l--L i~r q6_-*C~-L~-~ 1L'---L--~_-I~~--- -Y-W ----~__~_i-Ci..-~yIO---CLL--M-P~-I~- II~ I)[l~l~_~I~C~t~i~~Y-L~F--Y7~I







S(g) Sociil Clubs All bridrg, literary, muteaoX
and sooial groups
AlthougS a erampling of 137 teacnrer responses was us ed

the reader nay notice that in Thble IV26 under the ooluma lXabel-
led rf'r dneoting female, -and the eolurmn labelled ^"all the ma
ber of partilipants exeeda one hundred thirty-se ven. tsl is

S due to the fo et tiha-t -tianher participation in the grouped elas.
ification is duplioated or triplicated in many imntancou.

.sHeligious and welfare goips were of greater interest o
Pale respondents, tile reli rour and profea Aioal groups inter-
sated the female alea respontdenta paid dues or gave mnney
to a greater extntt tan wae, to 6on-a.ty activities tas a
whole, The general picture of roale k smm ership, money giving,
Sand ponsorship, indicated a relatively. higher ratio tihan a le
Somunity partieipationt
Cook and Orenhoe made an inquiry, concerning the majh j
types of o mmity activities in which< 9,122 teachers part.
oipated annd found that the two type of eomwity aativittes
making the greatest alaim an teacher time ed energy were pro-

feastonal &nd religious,. over ome-fourth of the teachers atudied
were regl6 ar members of the cbaer idh d subsidiary bodies, and
two-thirds contributed money to this wrsk. They conclude that
it is tn these two fields, and only here that teachers ahow
substantial loeal leadershipA25

2"""eo a ixeV, p. 24.


25 XIbld p. 23.








A4ijtudea sg Te cjheo s oard bArti.pactio
STh final interest of the inquiry was. to seume 4 "
teachers reaction to tb questionn of ooMunnity partl,.
SItem selven of .th qjastiornaire w4 used ma a. brais for
inqtuiryT. TAble VI disclosed the nature of the reponaea of

138 teaehrs, !i baersa a were asked: Do you aaept troma lty
participation as a teacher's eQsponMibility? Of the 138 p.e
apoadents, 8 .4 per Oent replied, "ye.s 1 per cant rplised
"no", and 24.4 pr cent gaveO "other responses. In samea csea
teachers checked both "yes" and "otat .responses'. Typical
Other responses" eres "personal interest in pupil's welfare,

ainomer interest In teaching position, and estireo for comnity
approval. T e degree of aotual participation in the wide range
of organizations in Lseon County shows a low correlation to th
3hBit percentage of "ye s' replied to the question of oomm~ ty
participation as a te*aher't responsibility.





A CO1PARI$( SO ? OFTEi A SNS&S OPO J 138 LS CON iTX 0 PUBiiO SCthOL Taa
TO THE QUSTOFf GP COM % ITTY ?ARtliIPtTXtN AS A TCLCHEi SC '3iIT
PR CZT aRaSPoNSE



TAe T Ot Sauber ofe
PyotobTei YES 310 O** .ASPxaE ,


Prince ipals and
2up erv sore 15 9343 6.6 *6.


i dgh School Te sahi 42 21.4.


dElx*ntary Teacher 69 85$5 -4.6


Otneaossifed ~TchlrS 12 75. 33.3





-WL Ml .


'U















-PON_~~--_-



























II


volrve only active organized socioeiEviLe groups, (a) racial5


CBAPTUR IV

SU MA. AND CONtQiJBSIO IS


It has been the purpose of this steady to aacomplish
two purposes$

(1) to determine the degree of actual purtiolpation
of Negro elomntry and "eedary school teachers in the or.

gani sed soo6ioeoivio rroup of jecn County.

(2) to present the findings of the investigation in
the tom of a report, inclusive of possible rctomendations

based on the analysis of data.f

In ***king to arrive at the abo sn tioned eo lJetives,

the inquiry reooognied the significance of the problem by

stating the view point voiced by verett hEgen -* "the tie

is here td overdo when, for the aood of education, teachers

should participate and partiolpate g meroausly, in the work

and play of the o sauwnityt*

It was necessary t;ht the limitation of a problem .
such as this be known, In brief the iateltatons were (a)

contraating attitudes of patrons toward t&etIsr participatlc

in co Funty activities (b) lack of ooopaeration on the prrt

of te fhers in arbaitting response (C) fear of reprisal

on the part of teachers in answering questions (4) study inu






Sa


academic and geographical limitations (f) study deal with
teacher responses only, rather than responses of patron s
Cartatn basic assumption were underlinetd: (a) Ngro
teachers do participate itn th!e soolo-oiviC actitvies or L-eon
County, (b) lome social ndd c.vio leadership is eospoted of
the teacher, and a).ethe teacher should be active in the social
group and processes about htm in order to understand sad teach
these rPealities.

far olaritteation purposes, key words used in the s*ady
wore defined end the method of procedure wva disoussed*. I e
inquiry was based on th normativeosurvey method with the
assistance of suah instruamets as the questionnaire, the o'hek
list And the personal interview.
A review of asuh reports r made by Chbratensan, Groen-
ho, and Alrsek served to strengthen the present inquiry in
the following manners
(a) Chrtitonsen found that lack of interest in oaamm0uity pro-
blems on the part of teaohsra in Colorado caused disieassals
(b) Groenhoe dUolotsd :th at toeaoere are guilty of incomplete
integration into the oomanity as a whmle, but they display
greater interest ir n hurh work and parent-teacher assooiations,

(o) Cook, Aiao4rk and Greenhoe revealed that teachers give
money to more orgnisations ttLan they attend regularly, They
substantiate the previous oonolusion that teachers contribute
heavily their time, onergy and ,onse to church and parent
teacher sativi ties,





30


(d) Cook and linak assertt that the two types of a&otiflti
that teachers participate in are nreigious and profeesionlt,
Other rJe atd literature further substantiated the phil-
osophy underlying the stAdys The fashoning o, an educational
polite tmposes on teacoera P spesiabtlitie that are1 oivi ain
ohbraoter t well as narrowly professional.

Analysis of the data was made through investigations in
the following phasesa
(a) participation of nbisitrlative personnel
(b) participation of teachers by age raniges
(o) ptrtil ipation of teachers aeording t to enure of office
(d) specific activities involving teaboher participation
(e) major types of activities involving teacher participation
(f) attitudes of taoersi toward oooasnitk participation
Prtiher analysis of the above phases of omounity patti-
lipation was made through the use of tables and findings of
related studies.

Coneslmioaj
Analysis of the degree of actual participation of 138
flegro olamentary and stooandaxr teachers in thb sooial Ind
oivlao ,ativit2is of Lbon County u ggeset the following con-
oluisiont z

(1) liegro administrators studied ~how a great interest in
parent teaohlr maooiatioolJ, the church, the RPed Crose, tEa
Natlona l Asaoot ition for t Advanement of Colod People,
and the Leon County TfeCCSeras Association, vidence of thief
assertion i1 found in Table I,





;1


S (2) Negro tea,-h e a:pled between the ages of 30 to i4
held regular mEi ber lip n eight selected organizattas be .t

greater degree than those in ageos below 30 and abone I ynnrO
of ago, Table II supports this statement,
(3) A heavier percentage of the teachers who reported t!anh.
ing rmor than ten years participated in ten spec-ific omity
organisattona than i.m other tenure oateegories of 3 year aor
less nd 4 to 10 years. T able III bears his out.

(4) A hig hr perOenta.e of aEdinistrative personnel pay t4Ue
or give money to even elected activities, aI seenMn in Tabl IV*
( ') Religious and welfare grops were of greater interest to
men thanr social alabe as evideoeed in Table V.
(61 Over th raieeourth of t e teachers laenpled feel that 8om-
runity partiaopatlon is a professional responsibility.
Cenolusi on, reeached in this study are supported by the
interpretations of the findings in Creenhoe's study of 9,122
teaches used a ntl national ai ple. *3ree hoe concludes that
average teachers tako part in four activities in local ommr=ani
ties, but 'as a group teachers reveal no substantial leadership
in any type of organized oommnimty life other than curch and
parent teacher association.,






























~sX8L1 ro cftAP4Y ~





32


CGhriatensen, Hans, "Teater*Coma nity tlationabip tn *al1
OomaauntiS**', ~ tert*r Lhais, University of Ogleorrao
Boulder., Colorado, 1939,
Oook, Lloyd A*, *Coarnity Contatsa of Toeaohars ISafbl
Rev oaw, Volume 49, November, 19414, PP 6466 ..-
Cook, Lloyd and Plorenee r*eenhoo, "Commnunity Oontacts of
9,122 Tea#hortn", gal For Volume 19, October, 1940,
pp. 63*72.
Cook, Lloyd, et. al.*, In"Teachar an d CoMamuity RelatiLons"
Amerli An Soololo o l evi4W1 Volua3a 3, Apri1j 1938s
Hpp. 57t4, 3
"VDo Teachers Partiolpate Quffiaiently in ComaRunity Activitiest*,
S, 1of d St volxm 43, N oveber, 1941, pp. 100-107.
Gana, home, "Teuacher in the GCoQammuity"i Tea hWer Co 2 e MIA
Volume )43, Nov mbert 1941U P, pp, n 0107
Oreenhoe, florFeneo, "Comuity onC Contta of 9,122' Publio ehool
Tasehor Sel*coted as af Ational aaple', Deator's tbosia,
Ohio St~atte niverity, 1939.
Oreenhoe, Floronoe, "Goaunity Oontaoct of Publi Sohlool TS1ech
"erA ln ay a--oemo Jour40aw4, Yolume 01, March, 1940,
pp* 497i.
agren, aterett, "Nergloted Duty of gTeacher*, S. .._ alit.
Volume 43), Jamnu* 4, 1936, pp. 163,78.
Keller, 1. C. "Toachers' Ioiaunty XIntilaenee* ',
Society, Voluixo 0, October 28, 1939, pp. $6 7
Kilpatriok, jillisa, "1Tho Teacher's Place& In the $cial LiUf
of t h1e 0 $y". t __i a4d ,Y Voluom 46, July 31, 1937.
Olsn, Edward, "The Ommunity and the S~hool"0, Reni o of
Educational R esearp~h, Volmm 16, Qotobter, 191.
Yeager, oW A., "School and ComRnity Relationship*s, gAvioy
Soatostnal aR weah Voluma 16, OGotober, 1946,

Young+, L. R,, "Preparaltion of Teaehers for ComBnBlty Servisce",
tcij-er ,.a e i --a.-_ Volxu 47, 1946, pp. 383*386,













































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33


Florida A and M Collxeg
Toallashassa 'lorlIa"
May 6. 1952
To tbhe $Supervirors:
I2 m making a study of cor4nity partioiptiton
of Negro public b ehool teh ers in the Roito-eolivi
orgarnsation of Leon County.

This. atudy, wu en it is oospletedt will, be sub-
mitted as a partial fufilrment ot freuairements for
the dog&, of Masiter of olieae* at the Florida Agri
cultural and Heohancoal Collegeo. this study bould
be valuable to the new tec her, the oQ~anity, 4LA
to the coflege.
May I ask you to aid I in mskiLng this study
possible by snaswerinr ead r tuning a questionnaiere
and oheek-list that will ftrnish ea with information
that I ,ia;d to complaet my work?

Your oooperatioaIn i maini thi s study possible
will be greatly appreceated.
A self addrlesse stamped veQlopo, is enoloosed
for vmailingq .

Reepeotfully yWoursi,


IIenor JiXles Dupont
p*.s findings of the stixdy will be made available by
request,





3k


Plorida and d. College
Tallahaseae, Florida
May 6, 1952
Stha? Prinoipalas

I a making a study of oQi &nity participation
of Negro public school teachers in thb solo ocivic
organisation of Leon County.

This t tudy-l, whan it is co pleted, will be aub-
nitted as a partial fulfill nt of requirements for
the degree of Master of ;So-enoCe at the Plorida A4grl
oulturalZt Ya bhanioalO college, ThisF tuAy should
be valuable to the new teaohor, the oon ty, and
to the college,
may I Iak you to aid ne in making this study
possible by answering and returning a qtesatinnaire
and heiokilset tha will furnish ea with information
that I need to complete my work?

Your cooperatio n in atin thi study possible
will be greatly appreciated,
A self addressed tad tampd envelope la Oenolosd
for mailitng,

iespe tfally your.*


deanowr Jlle tupont

p, a findings of the study will be made available by
requ st,






35


Florlda a and M Collg-
Taleabassi PFlorida
Xay 6, 1952

To the Teauhers:

I a making a ttudy of oat m.ity participation
of $egro public s hool teacher in the *oo-oolvic
organisation of Leon County,

SThis atudy, when it is a@ opetod, will be aub*
emitted as a partial fulfillment ofn requSl~rmnts for
the degne of Masatr of aloenee at the Florlda agr~La
cultural and Mech anial Colloge.g This study should
be valuable to the new tea&4 &r tI t, om a ity, and
to the college.
May I ak you to aid me in raking this atudy
possible by anw~oring and returning a questionnaire
i d sheck-l*et that will furnish as with information
that 1 nee*d to copletA y nwork?

Your ooOpsration in unaking this study possible
will be greatly appreciated.
A self addressed stmaped envelope is enoioaed
for mailing,
Respeatf lly yours,


Slseanor1 Jilts ailpont

p.s PInAinsa of the study will be made* available by
requOest






36


Directions Selow is a list of question that concern you
and your interest or disinterest in o al 'niLty
participation, Please read each question e.r-
fully and ohAek (v) the answer or answers that
apply to you.
(1) Oradies that you teaches

1, 2 g Junior Kigh
othool o Senior Hig So
(2) S60s Male- .malT

(3) Age angot 20*303 300 4 0,40 _S0
50%600.70




S th erJ ,, n .... ,______ ....... __^ 7 h l =_____________________ __ __=
(4) Degree of college work completed
Matter's tegrne Baclelor's Pgopee
Mtar*a qui talent a y s. 0fll0ge

(5) low Ioa! have you taught in Leon County?
3 years or l ss j to 10 years
mora than 10 years
(6) What is the range of your annual salary?




(7) Approximate population of your hose town
2500 or und*r%002000 Z00v10,0
10,000 or overr
(8) educational iiUalifioation of your parents
Pothre: Elexentagy __ Hig School ^ cliege_________
Fatbaar 4lsimntawy E. Hih school C0ell.ge





37


( 9) Which section of the United States were yjo born?
North .South Mattve ?lr tive Floridian _
(10) Reasons for pupil vieltation
(a)3 Shool reeaons_ ___ Other fieaonaS ..
(11) Do you asept coawnity participation am a part of your
responsibility as a teacher or do you partloipate for
other reasons?
Yes No other response e
(12) Do you pArltiLpate in any a f the following holiday program
in Your ossnmity?
New Yearf Day aipation Day


Amistie Dy iThankagiving Day
Chris tune Day l _____
~~a~rm~trt~ar 9 D~~fr, ~ I~hz*Rlk..gr lbZ~gll~ll*11
O+ +...+ +-++ ... l --I-.2 +- + S + i+;+ I +I+I++ 1 +1 + + +r++ -+







catCK 'LIST
Below is a list of oamnity activities orgnztiad in
Leon County. flePue oheek thaX orMgani&tQion that you p ar
ticipate in. Indicate with an (A) Vwhetr t-you are a regua ,q
mambera pay dues or money, fo itfyou are anm offtloer ora ponr
aor of the organization in Which you pa-rticipate.
*Not F olea. se lt any other o~aunityu organisation not inn
eluded in this list.






Church
Sunday Sehool
ible Study
Miaseionary &Qoe;3tty
Chiuraoli Yoth group
Alumii( eooflege)
Alumni (high school)
P. T. A*
Adult education Cas*e**
Red Crosa
Community Cheat

Coamopolitanc outh Counclil
*Leon County tFrese Aksoitation
Olamatie Garden 0Arole
Pansy Clarden Cirole
Petunia (Jrden Circle
PrAternitiea
Sorsrities
,+ A. A, C. P.


38





39


01 CK LIST 1TrSTINUSD


TYP OP ACTIVITY R I;2MAR PAY 0M~EIC On


Leon County Progressive Vot*rs League
Leon County Bianres Leageue
Leon County Beautician (Club
Ladies Needle ,ork Club
Owal Club

Jack and Jill Club
Saturday viningg pride Club
Just for fun

William J. Gunn edl&ial Society
ilian J. j unn Medical Auxiliary
Ministnoral Alliance

Leon County Tealeore Assooiation

teon County Inter-club Counoit

Eollywood IaSlish Club
Thursday wavering Art lub

RonPrvESII Bridge Club
Friends of Dflta
Sneed-Pranklin aAmricon Ltgion
nee*d-Pranklin Ameritan Legion
At~ iiary




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