• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Acknowledgement
 Biographical sketch
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 List of Figures
 The problem and definition of terms...
 Review of the literature
 A brief survey of Dade Country
 Employment opportunities in...
 Employment opportunities in fields...
 Summary, recommendations, follow-up...
 Bibliography






Title: Study of farming and related occupational opportunities in Goulds school area of Dade County, Florida
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AM00000003/00001
 Material Information
Title: Study of farming and related occupational opportunities in Goulds school area of Dade County, Florida
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Thompson, Hubert Alexander
Affiliation: Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University
Publisher: Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University
Publication Date: 1955
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: AM00000003
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Florida A&M University (FAMU)
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - AAA0798

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Title Page
        Title page
    Acknowledgement
        Page i
    Biographical sketch
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
    List of Tables
        Page v
        Page vi
    List of Figures
        Page vii
    The problem and definition of terms used
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Review of the literature
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
    A brief survey of Dade Country
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Employment opportunities in agriculture
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 49 table
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
    Employment opportunities in fields related to agriculture
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
    Summary, recommendations, follow-up and conclusions
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
    Bibliography
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
Full Text






A STUDY OF FARMING AND MD AD OCCUPATIONAL
OPPORTUfITIES IN GOWUS SCHOOL ABA

OF DAIc COUNTY, FLORIDA








A Thesis

Presented to

tts Paculty of the Division or Graduate Study

Plorida Agricultural and mechanical University









In Partial Fulfillment

of the Requirements for the Iegree

Master of Slence in Agriculture






by

Hubert Alexander Thompson

July, 155










A STUDY OF FAi IN AND RMIAT'l OCCUPATIONAL

QPPORfUNITKlI IN GWOUL)5 SCHOOL AFRA
OF DADE OOUNTT, FPlRIDA







A 'ZTeats

Pressate~ to the steulty of the Divistan of Grattate
Stay Florlda Agrcaltural and Meahantcal University In Pattial
Fulfillment of the Fleuitmbent for the Degree faster of SBience
In Agrioual2ture







bybe
Hvbert Aleander Thospsan


APPfCoD:


-C' ~ ~ '2-*


4Qfl~ZPA


JUJy, 1955










ACKO1LEDL4O1MT

The author of this study wishes to acknowledge the

invaluable assistance given 1* its preparation by his oma-
aittte, Mr. L, A. Manrhall, Dr. Walter 1. Johnson, and
Mr. A. J. Polk.
The writer further wishes to express gratittle to
his wife, Bernic e Thoepson, for her encouragement during
the progress of this sltuy.










BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH


fHbert Alexander Thompson was born in doemnut rovwe,

Florita, June 29, 1920. He attended the George Washington
Oarver igh cBhool and graduated in the year, 1940.
H entered Florida Agricultural and Moohoatol
University in 1940 and later received a Bachelor of Scienee
degree in Agriculure in 1947.
In 1942, he as called aeem school to serve his country
in the anmed forces. He advanoedt to the ranka of sergeant in
his musical company.
Upon graduation, the writer was employed as a veterans

teacher of vocational agrioultwe in Alathu County TriniLng
School, Alasfh, Florida. Daring this tlme, he organized
and conducted the Initial marching tants of that school ana
the Doulas High School of High pringM, Florida. He was
then employed as voational agriculture taher heading the

Goulds Vocational Aglriulture Department at Goulds, Florida.
He married Bernioe S. Williams of Archer, Florida on

Doeeaber 23, 1950.
The writer is a member of the Rasonio and Qagea Psi

Phi raternlttles.

















I. ri~~:;YlltI t~Z3A( akrs Tr~:c 2r ` :


IXTA:;aUTfcZI . .-



^ShFfannot Of *te ist

t
)iv^oztt Fo01w40 -

1aitatotns 0 *

^ratXInOr r ^rs20 .



xxt. A i!rz j-lrY *.Z L AJUY


italats7. r tetaes *


il3stefl Ch0mfloteflsties .

Loetnlogial (Ww ratoristiC* .

XV. :cWrU07T *,t.-.' tfiXAlXLr LA 1

DXspyopsont in ^ogetable Ia:l3.

nlpoyment in :aWnmOntal 7uflp

eraleonr t in iAtrun aa- ouotic


* a. * *
******** a


. 4 .

. 0 S 5



* S *

. S * *

. * 5 6

* 12



. . 12

. B * *^

* 0 13
0 5 5 2

on .. 1



irsee 4


81 .


v. UWLPrIrT OflCTC1't 2^ f tntz r:\' fl A&cw

to A.ifttitOTUI . . *

Ihnpwlraent in aoEeLnA 3 mw l Oatlct^ ,3WOW *a

a3pl1ent in '4wying afti felXltg .. .


. *.


. b










T -, gett AL (C TfIiM:$


bplopemnt in yurtay I *1)A" c*. o st 67


aplcagnamt in wen nr "amen aappy Ctowny 7"2
1rploype7 t In reWtOr V XapXwmtnt Gor"'o-


al-^^wt in *grietaloaetl StWeldel Ma
Ma . . . ..




t2Ploymant tIn "etIlrti#e sn{ :s Om r O .
llployenyMt in 44s- alm l S3O r tlIan .
u2r1 'le tt n $ rlabt ]AoCultusalz I*- -





.* *. . . . 96
CUi5??xiNe"f ...... ** ** 0

B tM . . * *
AP iXL c . .. **. * 0










LW? 0' I~~~~


I. 1istrlbStlan, Dutltes n Ant alyBss orf mtlooqent
In --c:-'jit Pr'aXwtioctn 4paWreuten. 31
XX. aatitbutlont, duties anw Antlale OsT o plQ7-
sent Is VseotablXe nonetlon &ckaaroops . 37
IXX. Distribution, imtI*es A'- Wa&lysie of .nrla .-
neat in "icotable qaru*tiaon ttrVsc . r

IV. i^.stfibatimn, D;uties awl Anlmyss eof aTpio
mnat in OrIanttnal naenries . . .
tDistribatIon, -'uttio& ant, zARlyst of rxploy-

neent in Citrum r-iaetlon0 . . 53
TI. DistLAtutaon, duties and Anslysis of tap1tey

mont Ino t) roeM tilon . 57
VII. 1istribution, Dutles ano 1 Awlygis of Phlaty-

owst in r4tirPa tr Cnatinc !o, s 63
VIII. -Astributiani, Sutle n e; Analtses of pinl2y-
nInOt in T4ift'stml no ^4ne321I om1tiwonaw 66
X3L, istl1txtIoa, >tatteS taI A4wlynst of 4nAloy-
nent in "yStt, :lll2 snrl 0 IrtLatis r-t-wtitan 69

X, )tistrlbuttiOan,% Atttia u tf .SlyraLs otf W4i7-
cent It nCi ?e amwute.e *-vo . 71
uX. aiatributtn, luttes a rt Amilyats oft aMplqy-
lmnt In Frm3 Vn, :aees l on b y f $niXj . *










LItSr c TATW;lS (OGNITnWDj


TAlTLM PAOS
XII. Distribution, Duties anr Analysis of atploqy-
mant in Traeter ant Inmpement Orpomrotian ,. &
XIII. Distribattion, Duties and Analysis of stapoy-
eent in Welding and achine thop .. 85
XIV. tDistributitan, Datie aend Analysis of Raploy-
nent in yrtiltier and ;Stnlet ;apaay . 87
XV. Distrlbation, Duties and Analfsie of taplay-
aent in Seed am, 3ales Oprpetio . 89
XVI. Distribution,, Duties eel AnalIyae of Eaptoy
maet in 'niin.; Agriculture iroctucta

oMPar . . . 92
XVII. Distrilbttion, utios and Analysis of sWplcyment
iA nOll DrillIn Operrat .n .. e. 94











LIST OF FIGURES

FlG'U!E PAGE

1. Map of Florida Showing the location of Dade

County 15

2. Map of Readlan Distriot or Goulds School -rea
Inmelating the Towne Which Are Served by the

School 18










OHAPISR I


THE PROB(IM AND DEF'INITIONS OF TEMS UWED

INTRODU TION

Dade County is sixth among the coumties of Florida
and is eamon the top hmudred counties in the United states
in agriculture production.1 Thus, there sre masn employment
opportunities in agriculture in the county, particularly Ln
vegetable production, ornamental nurseries and some citrus.
With the ranoees sae in recent years in ftar meohanisa-
tion, fertilizers, inseotioides, fungicides ana the eranding
field of processing agriculture prolots, more new Job oppor-
tunities hoaw been created. These Jobs in agriculture and
allied industries offer many opportunities for useful and
satisfying employment to the students in vocatinal agrioul-
ture in the Gould school area in Dade County.

I. THE PROBXnM

ateitepnSt tL rablsa. The growing number of jobs
for pguile to select frt aakes the choosing of a earner In-
oreasiagly more difficult. The Ulnited States Goverment



I, UMfI ,tat~a bs.s it A20M i 3nlt AM1. Voi me
V, Part 2, Wasington, D. C.: united States Governent
Printing orfice, 1952.










Diretory o o oeoatlonel title listed 29,744 Job titles
nl 1939 and 0,023 in 1949.2 Many of the new Jobs are in
agriculture. Thee are lose farmers, but there ae many
Jobs directly reLated to the prod uetioa and processing of
agrionlttie praduats. It is estimated that by 1970, only
seven per sent of the labor force in the United States will
be needed for work on the far. In 1950, fifteen per omat
of the labor employment was working on the fam.3
teoent studiee have shown a wide dlAtserpaa between
the jobs whieh youth preferred and the Jobs they were actual-
ly engaged in. Mor recent studlee of the oeoapatlonal
cholea of young people compared with actual Job opportuni-
ties and their abilities have Indicated an reality of
vooational ahoos ags. Young people need counseling in term
of available amplomyent opportunities.
The purpose of this study is to find and list with
relevant jtfosation major farming and the rany types of
agriculture employment in the Gouldd school area in DaSe


2Mency 0. wimmer, WChoosing A CarPer.* ationl arent
eqhWer: MaM A. sM sine 45:7-9, January, 1951.

3Efftote of C(ieaitry and Technology on the AgriL~l-
tural labor ae,,* Monthfl I&y &RCEa 74 hNuber 1*:676-77,
January, 1952.
4
Lester M. Beale, "Our Students Need Vocational
4ulaanoe,* Mm. school xetWt. 72:52-53, November, 1952.










County so tiht ktueints in vottitonal atrioultre may l earn
of the opportunities and realve oonsse cotnsoeling.

SORXimE3 Cr. INtI ItATIt'

The followIrg three acures were neaed n string
aeourate Pani perUtmnt iztertal1 ecantained heratIn
1. Inwoamttan saaured from raeole engaged in agri-
ulttaure production. Theo $anoltated otjner and runageris of

ftam, groves, "vw aPreeSrlf muverod.
2. Intomratton secured from people egiage. in Intus-
trIes dateetty rltted ito the rwaodution, mnrketinf and
proceesing r alg.euituSre pmr'inotEs 0mert, marenaTer afnd
employment persoaml Bere thE souma of thte iifermation.
3. nfteiwatInt made available through rosearoh
studies, rmga&ines, books, a eothepr pOblished materials

PROCSDUMt' DOLLOAZW

This infXaterticn wa gathered by personal interview
Udth the owners. vcratora, ansagore, or eploaoment personnel
of esoh oiganizaliOn aolatieid the survey. Thins wae aonw
for the following rosaneis to secure the most aoaote In.-
rfonaation preasble ana to make oenteats with liniti duals In

th oeeoupations ar eaployaent pasttians vho sight help in
the nlaeeraent o vocational agriculture graduates. Tht tIn-
volved travseling anyr miles to Various agtriulture areas in










the Goulds school area. These r.oludod glade and highland
tamersa, nurseries, citrus groves, vegetable arms, feti-

liver manufatototer packing and cratin- est&bli takente
whtih locations were in Florida G ty, Houestoa, Prineeton

Goulde, and Perrine or the area of Dade County called the
Redland District, and referred to as the ioulde school area.
Many interesting contacts were made and several requests
were also made for vocational agriculture graduates to fill

Jobs.
A copy of the survey form used is included in the

Appendlx.

LV4riATIOBS

The types of agrioulture inoltled in the study were
limited to those aimloyments employing over two employees
annually. Only those Industries directly related to the
prodution, marketting, and processing of agriculture products
were included. o particular emphasis was placed on employ-
Eent by aees.

TI. DEFINITIXCN OF Tia:S

The following definitions are given in orde- to clarify
the meaning of various tense used in the stays

ocational Agrlu~tiu. orioultue that is tanht in
public schools raner the provisions of the ~mith-Hughes and










the George-,aflden Acts.

ApiRent mOWortunitiea. Different types of exist-
ing Jobs whether filled or vacant.

OMdotantis~a A hoal~gmt. Emloyment opportuni-
ties in th.e production of agriulttre products either self
employed or employed by someone else.

rfenutunileM g& AlUsA InMultrt e. g kployment op-
portunities In industries directly related to the production,
marketing, arn prraeeing of agriculture product either
self employed or employed by someone else.

Gnuldsa 9s l M Ares tram wMhi students oome
to attend school whith is also known as the Redland Distriet.

Terms such as rgamWental zMinaflen, .jBnai. Ta& e MtAU
nprodautift and gtgg gaeggzr will appear in the study mnder
specific topics and will be explained as they ocour.
jt!n-Rhtes. Races other than the white raoe.










ORAPTER II


TRVIW or THo M LIEATrlE

A review of the literature in the country shows a
number of studies in agricultural education similar in some
respects to this one.
Gridley, in a study of occupational opportualtlei in
farming and related occupationo in the !Moravitl ayr& Perus
areas of New York Itate, revealed that most of the oppoP-
tunities were in replacing dairy farm owners who were retir-
ing because of advanced age. Although the areas were pre-
dominately dairy fanlng aRreas, some opportunities for
employment in related *coupations and aervioe were found.

Pyland found that aoeupational opportunities in
farming cEa and do exist in the given area studied. The op-
portuaities were in the form of partnership., retirement of
parents, lease or sale of the home farm, expansion of present
eize of farm business, parental assistance in the purchase of
a farm, and through employment as a hired hand. Opportunities
in related service occupations existed and increased during
the war. IEployers or nperators of those businesses preferred


J. Robert Gridley, "Oaoupational Opportunitlee in Fasm-
Lng and Related Gooupations and Bervioes in Two High School
Arae of New York State, Master' Thesis, Cornell University,
2947.
Felix Alexander lWlund, "The Discovery and Analysis of
the OEpational OpporatuitieB in Frain d ans Related Service
OMptons for FomWr Bulents of yVeatlonal Agriculture,6
PhiD. Tes, Cornell University 96.










employees with fana training.
Atherton fouma that opportunities in faming In
Tanglpahoa Pariah, lousiaena existed mostly for owners ana
tenants. Jobs related to fao ing showed twenty-three oo-
oupatione employing 644 wthte males with an anmal labor
turnover of 34. A high school education was preferred.

Xulslander8 prepared a guide to ooeupations in agri-
Culture, including agioultural ocupations and closely
related vocatlons. The guide ontaitne a statement of eda-
oational requirements, working oonadtions, financial return,
and opportunities for advanomentm.
Cushman showed that vocational agriculture students
entered the several asjor groap of ooeeopations Is about the
same ratio as the adult labeo for~e. He res~ ended ocoupa-
tional information courses of a functional nture for all
Vermont Junior-Senaor High Sohools.



7James C. Atherton, "A Study of Opportunitlie in
Farming and Related Occupations for Yourg Men in Tangipahos
Parisha aster's Thesis, Louisiana State University, 1947.

Stewart Charles Hfllander, aA Ouide to Oocupations
In Agrialture," Master's Thesis, The Pennsylvania Stat
College, 148.
9aro L Robert Oushian, *In What Oecurations Do Vermont
Junior-Senior High School Boys oedt Pre-Vocational Experiences'r
Iastert' Thaeel, University of Vermont, 1949.









10
Mortan studied information an agricultural oooupa-
tione in Virginia and suggeeted materials end methods be-
lieved to be auitaeble as a basei for guidance in respect to
the various agricultural oceopations. The information Mued
was gathered from Oaesus reports, statisties fom the
Virginia Departeent of Agrioulture., l lviduals of the
Virginia Poly-Teohnio Institte, the Oongressional ib3ary
in Washligton, and other sources.

Kbihtl1 showed faa waeership to be the ain type of
employment in TeMnessee with two-thirds of the M ner-opera-
ton being over foiay-osven years old. Two-thirds of the
farm owners acquired their fars by purchase. Related
businesses in essentially rural counties offered limited op-
portunitiee. nployers urged that local Schools give addi-
tional training in business skills and abilities.
O'KRll2 made a study ona oeoupational status of
foi.er agricultural students of a Georgia high school. The
results showed more boya followed occupation s unrelated to


-10-
tee hittle Morton, Jr., Information on QAgriulturl
Oeo~upation in Virginia," Masterna Thelis, Virginia Polytech-
nio Inetitute, 1953.
11
nwart Brot hton Knight, "Placement Opportunities in
Parmnng and elated 0cupations for Tennessee Students of
Vocational Agriculture,' Non-thesis study, University of
Tennsesee, 1941.
S2ell B. OKely "An Ootl l _Study of Fotmer

versiy Of 66021eorg, I










agriculture and the lowest number was engaged in facing.
The study gave the following reasons substantiated by fast
for so few boys being engaged in farming: lw income, preva-
lence of emall fams in the county, the number of brother*
in the family, the slow replacement rate of farmers, s the
relatively high rate of tenancy among the boys' parents.
M sano1 made a study of occupations in Orlando, Florida
and listed all types of employment in the city during the
period 1930 through 1933. Agricultural oeupattoaa s er not
specifically listed and no reference was made to facing oo-
oupations in the county.
Theodorou foiud opportunities continuously decreasing
for getting established in farming In the Watkins Glen area
of New Tork. The resouras of the area afforded few oppor-
tunities for employment in industry or services. Limited
opportunities in both fields tended to keep the population
of the county continuously decreasing. A program of expanded
education and acomamity Improvement was offered.
Hudsoan mce a study of occupations in Orlando,
Florida and listed all types of employment in the city during


SXMann, "A y of the Votional Traini needs
of Mapian V ty, orida, Master's haso University o
Tlorida, 19
i olal T. Theodooar, o*0eopatiml stabiiehsent anad
Needs of Pomer Pgils of VoAtional Agril the Watkins
(l'en Area," Thesis, Cornell tlniversity, 1 94
iSna Frawnklae Hudson. An niect on to the Geou-
pational Trends in Orand, 1930 Ma sr'a es, Univer-
sity of Flori a, 1939










the period 1930 through 1935. Agricultural oooopations were
not speoifioelly listed and no reference wae made to facing
ooaupations in the county.
Toapkitn16 listed a few Jobs in the citrus and phos-
phate industries of Polk County in a suggested vocational
program based on occupational nes od and opportunities.
lAttle information wae given regarding educational require-
ments, salaries, or experience requireooants. A program wae
suggested for correlating the aeploers' needs and the ve-
eational training offered in the county schools.
oaray17 made a study of the relationship of the young
ftawm*s training at Linooln Memorial High School to his
progress in the oelmanity and listed several occupational
opportunities available for farmers. The reason why these
opportunities wee left vacant was because of the laok of
knowledge and the lack of sufficient educational training
in them.

Hargrave i ade a study of employment opportunities
in agriculture and allied Industries in Orange County and

I-Cr--
Halph Joel Tomakinsr "A aSggested Vocational Mftea-
tion agappott o a ,meOo~.atol ri

nEmmSett Alexander MoOCa r, "A Study of the sl-
tiensl of the rYoung a ers raIn at iooln Memo
mShs ol 1 to his Progress in the unity Master' s I,
lriaa Aricultaell and Yehanical Univeri7t 195
flria bert Hter a sn
Aieoultuwres m Alll" rtrie m t" .ada
osela, University of Florida, 195










listed all of the occupational opportunities available in
the major agriculture employment in the county. A program
so geared to meet thee nee aa wa listed.
19
Taylor made a stmdy of the land laboratory plots
to the farming programs of the All-Day students in Moore

Academy High hool, Passo Gounty, Florida and listed the

various occupations of the students. He revealed that nine
and three-tenthl per cent of the total students were farming,

twenty-ftor wr eaet wer wroking in related fafming ocotpa-
tions, thirteen and thre-tenthe per cent were engaged in

non-related farming owupations and the other were listed
as in-school students with no ocoupations.


---- ^---------
James Nathaniel Taylor, #The Relationship of the
Land laboratory Plots to the Farming Program of the All-Day
Students in Moore Academy High Sehool, Paso5 CQouty, Florida,*
Master's Thesis, Florida Agrioultural and Mechanical Univer-
sity, 19y5.










CHAPTER III


A BRPI SURWMr cF DfADE COUNTY

alSTOra

Dade County was ftoed In 1836 with a few isolated
settlers living on fame. In 1894, a Mrs. Tuttle sent a
bouquet of fresh orange blossga s to industrialist Henry 4.
_lag-er, who was in freezing weather in the north. In 1896,
Flagler*' railroad reached Liaat and the beo wB a on whioh
was to turn Dade County Into one of the richest areas In
the country. The county w anamed for Major Francis L. Dade
who massacred with his eomnand at the start of the Second
Seminole War. The %county seat is Miami and has a population
of 652,300.20

PHYSICAL CHlARAOTEISTICS

Dade County Is located on the southeast coast of
Florida at the men of the peninsula. It is bounded on the
east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the south by Monroe County
and Florida B.y, on the west by Monroe and Collier Counties


State Department of Agriculture, I~=a fl4id,
Bureau of ITmigration, tallahassee, Florida, 195 p. 193.










and on the north by Broward Cotuty. The county oomprises
557,440 sores, the largest land area of any county in the
State. Miami is the largest city in the county.
The most tropical conditions to be found on the
mainland of the United States are found here and in adjoin-
ing counties, but because of the Atlantic Ocean and the
Gulf of Mexico, from which there are strong trade winds,
there is not the heat of the tropics, even though the near-
ness of the Gulf Btreams bring wavath to the area. The
average temperature in Miami la 75.1 degrees with an average
low of 67.9 in January and an average high of 82.1 in August.
The average rainfall is 57.77 inches annually.21

EOONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS

Agriculture is an lamortant economic factor in Dade

County. The 1950 census showed 1,301 fams in the county
and 94,780 aores devoted to farmlands. In 1952-53 a survey
shoved 36,375 sores planted to vegetables.22 The citrus
orops of the county are valuable and Dade County has a
reputation for producing a high quality of oranges, grape-
fruit, limes, and lemons. Tropical fruits, suoh as avocados,
mangoes, papaya, bananas, guavas, and kwuquats are grown to
a considerable extent. The leading truck crops are tomatcss,

21

22
Ii., p. 194.










potatoes, snap and pole beans, sweet eorn, and squash,23
Farm produce is marketed both locally and for ship-
ment to northern markets. F~orida City is the location
o9 a State atrmear' Market. The largest winter vegetable
region in the United States and the heae of the avocado,
persian lime, mango, and other tropical fruits is in the
Redland nistrioe or Go ulds School Area. Figure 1 on page
15 is a mar of Florida shoving the location of Dade County.
Commercial fishing is another major Iadastry. fA de
County was second in the state in 1952 in total pounds of
food fish caught and marketed, with 6,079,981 pounds. Dade
County also marketed 1,401.49v pounds of orabs, crayfish,
shrimp, and other misoellaneoua aeafoodt la the awa year.2
In transportation, the county is erred by the United
States Highwara 1 and 94, and Florida Highways 7, 25, 27, AlA,
and 828 eroes the county. Florida Last Goast Railroad and
Seaboard Airline eilVway supply rail service. The Tamaine
Trail Tours, Glades Motor Lines, National Tr1ilways, and the
Greyhound furnish bus transportation. Ooamercial air tr-ne
portation is furnished by Eastern Airlines, National Airlinee,
Delta Mlr Lines, ?an-Ameriopn World Airways, ,INM !oyal Tatteh
Airwnye, Expreso-Aeree Inter-Americano and British South
American Airwlays


Universityal F 0 S U 0lnRGA 5 p. -
a rDwight ZE l Walaw, erlandli ADftlrt. Miami: Roy
Traster Publiheres, n.d., p.
25State department t of Agrioulture, P. at.. P. 194.













































o- .

,aa


FlIURE 1


MAP OF FLORIDA SHOVING THE LOCATION OF DADE COUNTY










In 1953 the county valuation wag set at $1,6P5,909,428.
This was the highest asaeseed value in the state. Retail
sales in this year were $880,496,000 and bank resources were
estimated at :'6+0,829,000. The annmel wages in the county
in 1952 amounted to 3405,452,602. Effective buying income

was $1,191,757,000 and per capital buying insane was 41,827
in 1953.

SOCIOLORICAL G(ARAMCTEUIaEI

The population of Dade County is 652*30C and the
Goulds School Area or Redland. District has a population out
of this number of approximately 10,000. Homestead, Perrine,
Florida City, Peters, Princeton, Narenja, Modella, and Goulds
are located In this general area.
Sducational facilities in Dade Gounty are the largest
and meat modern school eytem in the state. The county
operates eCghty-two el Sentary anw twenty-eight secondary
schools. The total enrollment in the county asL 931,650 in
1952-53. Available hospitals are in the county with a total
of 1,703 hospital beds. There are four daily newspapers and
fourteen weekly newspapers in the county.8 There are four
Negro hih schools in the county and thirteen primary and


2 id ., p. 194.
27
27WaVrdip, 9g3. Wg., p. 9.
28
33li.. p. 195.










elermntary schools.
One of the favorite sports of the area is fishing and
many different varieties of big game fish abound in the At-
lantic Ocean. Charter Boats are available for daily and
overnight fishing trips. The hurting season allows deer,
wild turkey, duok, qull, dove, squirrel, cot, and marsh
hen for sport hunting. The hunting season for Buok deer
starts on Novesber 20th and goes to January 6th. For quail
and squirrel, from NtSember 3Oth to eftbuary let. For all
and Gallinule (Marsh Hens) Septeaber 15th to November 13th.
uiko, geese and ooot frm November 17th to JanEary 10th and
dove from Ootober ist to October 15th then frao December 15th
to December 29th.
Figure 2 on page 18 to a map of the awe of Dade Coomty
which is covered in this study. It shoe the location of toens
which supply students for the school.
There are more than fifty active churches in this area.
They include Methodist, Baptist, RIoan Catholic, Epiwsopal,
Adventist, Christian Science, L theran Congregational-Ohristian,
Pentecostal, Christian, Church of God, Assembly of God and
others.,



State Department of Eduoation, EFlria Eduaetional
flagtotn. October. 1954, p. 38.
30
wardlaw. Q. .Ql., p. 15.





























Lit
M-M











1





FIGURE 2
MAP OF LAND DISTRICT SHOWING 0 TIES
SERVED BY THE SCHOOL AGRICULTURE DEPAPMENT










Recreation and entertainment events include the
modem hotels, amusement and recreation enters, public
beaches, and patks, and other tourist and vacationist attrao-
tions. Vaeatlonag tourists have the pleasure of the use of

such pleasures as swtmmng, golf, tennis, fishing, beating,
and cruising. S8ght-oeeing is an attraction for both seatler
and tourists on public and coomercial basis. Dog racing and
horse rlaing are big attractions in this area whieh are held
at Tropteal and Italeah race traks rspectively. The Ornge
Blossom Classic, held in December, and the Orange Bowl on
New Year's day are annual football attractions. World-famed
as a resort, the county is often referred to as the *Rvliera
of Amerioa.'31


State Department of Aericulture, P. F., p. 193.










CHAPTER IV


D(PWDOYt T OPPORTUNITIES IN AGRImUTURE

At the time of the 195GC united States census seven
and two-tenths per sent of Dade county's 1, 314,560 aores were
in frar land. This included an approximate 94,780 acsr in
fame with the average size farm being 72.9 a&res. There were
801 eooercial farms with 500 other farms counting to
86,627 ares in oamereial faxiag and 8,153 &aes in other
farming. The average elst of the ooemercial farms was 108.1
eores and that of other farms being 16.3 aerea.32
The average value of oonmeroial land and buildings
in each tan was $34,397.00 and for other faces $12,767.00,
with an average per aere value for oomaerrcla farm being
$1,328.21 and A1,087.02 on other fame The number of
ftailies doing farm labor was 4,720.
Snoe the 1950 census, Date County prduoed 38,425
res o o ooammodities for harvest for oemeortial use.3'


32mined A ssat Mu fMfIg jat rziutlr 125. 0. United
States Department of Oameree, Bureau of the Oensu, Washing-
ton D. 0. United States Government Printing Office, 1952,
p. 61.
33


Florlda Vegetable Crope, Annual Statistical Susaary,
9:60, 1954, United States Department of Agriculture, AgPieul-
tuse Marketing Service.










Some of the most important orops grown in the area
are tomatoes, potatoes, snap and pole beans, sweet corn atd
squash. In 1950, Dade County ranked first in the state in
tomato production. 'he 218 farms prodtoed 11,649 acrer of
tomatoes. There were 8, 800 aores of irish potatoes pro-
duoed in 1954, 5.90j aares in samp beans, 1,i825 ames of
sweet oor, and 1,10C aores of squash. The biggest famnig
area n the county is in the Rediand Distriot and comprises
13,323 acres in groves and 40,800 aerss in fanr.e?

EMPIPO M IN VEGETABLE PRODUCTION

hMployment in vegetable production averages about
20,000 year-ror u workers.3 These worfke ane employed by
variol s vegetable growers in the county ranging from the
large farming oorporations with hundreds of acres in orops
to the aealler growers.
Soe of the types of employment in vegetable prodno-
tion are given in Tables I through VL lhese tables show
the distribution, duties sal analyst of Jobs held.




37
3Florida Vegetable Orops, .R. a1l., p. 92.
vWar law, qp. t., p. 14.
39
From an interview with the representative of the
Florida State Employment Service, Nay, 1955.










Table I shows the types of employment in eight of the
vegetable production corporations in the Goulds School Area.
The aorce owned are 6,004, but the intensified farming pr.e-

tiaoe yield more than 12,000 areas in orop. Additional in-
formation was listed as follows

General aaaSm. This job includes the general manage-
ment of the vegetable production business. In the total eight
corporations, five general mo agers are employed with an
annaml salary ranging from 5,5~0.00 to a mar st of $1,6oo.00..
A college education in agriculture Meaeonmr e, business manage-
reni and twelve years of experience were reeommenadi for the
job. The job requires skills in or nowledge of transporta-
tion, planning, eupertisioa of labor, federal and state lawe,
insurance and cot accounting. The usual tenure is twenty-
three years.

Saem Lanauer. This job includes the business of
marketing vegetables. A college education tan twelve years
of experience are recoeaanded for the Job. Their are three

sales managers employed out of the eight vegetable produefton
oorporations interviewed with annual salaries ranging from

$6,666.66 to 412,666.66. The job require such skills as
advertising planned production for the year, a general knowe
ledge of market trends, general supervison of marketing
operations, getting along with people, and market demands.










The usnol tenur for the Job it twenty years.


rodueatioM Manaer. This Job lnolades management of
all field operation of the business. A high school .edea-
tion in horticulture and front six to ten years of expleriene
were recommended for the job. Five production managers are
employed out of the eight wgetable production corporations
with salariee ranging frn h1,200.00 to 117.900.O. The
Job requires technical knowledge of soils, fertIliers, duats,
sprays, insects, diseases and other information. This Job
also requires the ability to apply the kneeleftg to practical
vegetable production, handle labor, organize and plan work
for the orews ahead, purchase seed, fertill sr and supplies.
The usual tenure for this Job is eihteen years.

Asiatzd .IaljMt eti asas. The assistant production
manager assisted the production manager in directing the work
at the arws in the field. Moa-vhite employees pay fill this
Job. At the tiae the survey was made, a few white asesatant
production aanagere were employed. Five assistant production
manager were employed out of the eight corporation. Two of
these were son-white. A twelfth grttle dunation and freme fi*
to ten years of experience wer reaWmmemas ed for the job. The
satlar ranges ftr $ 5,100.00 to "9,200.00 amne ly. The skills
listed were the ability to handle labor, identify insects,
diseases, apply fertilizer, plant crops and other operations










in vegetable production. The usual tenure for this Job is
twelve years.

2.=nal FoReMan. This job is comparable to the job
of the assistant production manager other than being in
obarge of actually growing operat!one, seeding, m ltivation,
fertilization and pest control. Labor management is required
for this Job also. Ona general foreman eas employed out of
the e*loht corporations. The sala* anges from 4254000 to
$300 00 per month with nine years of experience. The usual
tenure for this job is five years.

Paclx olsa Foir an. This Job includes the manage-
ment of all packing house operations. There are four employees
in this job out of the eight corporations. The salary rage
is fprom 266.25 to '337.*5 per month with a recommendation of
five years experience. A high school education is also
reooamerende to be ideal for this job. The killed listed as
neoessary for the job wer managing labor, supervision of
packing and storing, supervising grading, operating grading
and loAllng machinery and bookkeeping. The usual u'nure for
this Job is four years. Non-whitea are employed in this Job.

loard This work is done generally by non-whbite
laborers. The salary ages frem $150,00 to $169.45 monthly.
The skills for this Job include operating small trucks, packing










and storing produce in the packing house and loading boxes,
orates, baskets or bags into trucks or railroad oan. Out
of the eight oe-poration surveyed, sixty-one loaders anr
employed. An eighth grade education in roeomaended for the
Job and two years experience. The usual tenure of the job
is one year. Thirty-nine new employee are needed antna ly.

a ii .: i rL rs "'~ ~t Job is usually done by
wosena, both white azid nonwhite. Thrue-handred and twenty-
two (322) are employed in the eight oorporatione. The salar
ranges from 154.28 to $176.43 monthly and two years experience.
One-hmndred a.id sgentye-three- (17 ;, re needed annually for
employment. 'Alh usual tenure for this Job is two yeprs. A
tenth grade edaeotion was reoammended for this eob. The
skills for this Job inclale grading produce for maturity,
color, site, and blemishes. Cull produtes are also sorted.
Packing produote in boxes, orates, baskets for shipping are
also included in thia job. This Job Is under the supervision
of the shlpptnz clerk.

SuiainMg ZSadg The shipping o2erk is responsible
for the clerical work in filling orders and keeping record
of all shipping. A twelth grade or college education with
three years ecperieaoe wdiye rocoamended for the job. The
range in salary mwa fr2oa 3 .50 to 453.50 per month with one
new person being hired annually. The skills for the job










include typing eni bookkeepig ability. A knowledge of
traffic law, state and federal laws, the proper leading of
tr-ucks and railroad cars, aad a general knowledge oe the
packrin~ house operation muat *be known. The usual tenure
of the Job is three years.

.Ic frgrman. The crew foreman direots the work of
planting, setting, or harvesting crew. ? twelfth grnde edu-

cation with two years experience is recommended for the job.
The salary for the Job ranges from 17. OC to $72. OC per weak.
Eighteen employees are used in the job in the eight surveys
made. The usual tenure of four years Ie characteristic of
the job. The job employs non-whites.

'mgal~ Dlvl This job is done y no<-whlte employees.
The skilled required for the job include driving and operating

safely, haul crews to and from fields, haul produce to anr
from fialda, operate any other driven vehicle or machinery,
and have a general knowledge of preventive maintenance. Out
of the eight corporations sunreyed, seventy-one truk drivers
are employed. with annual turnover of thirty employees. A
ninth grade education and two years experience were revio-
mended for the Job. The salary range from $54.25 to 472.12,
per week. The usual tenure is three years.










Motor Driver. This job requires the operation of
track tractors, wheel and garden type tractors. The job
includes non-white employees with usual tenure being five
years. A ninth grade education with two years experience were
recommended for the job. The salary ranges froa $48.75 to
i54.24 weekly. Twenty-two new employees are needed annually.
Out of the eight corporations surveyed, sixty ere employed
in this job. The maintenance skills are similar to those of
truck drivers.

ZTiactr oe1thor, This Job is comparable to that of
a tretor driver other than the job includes operation and
meohanic of all equipment of the farm including mnor repairs.
This Job is done by forty-.ieht non-whltes. The salary range
is frm $60.86 to 475.00 per week. A ninth grade education
with five years experience were reomelnded for the job.
Ten new workers are needed annually. The usual tenure for
the Job is sir years.

nerntal Meahaima. The four general meehanice do the
repair work on all types of far anohinery and packing house
machinery. The job requires the skills necessary in doing
notor and machinery repair, including welding. The salary
ranges fram -8.00 to 100.00 weekly. A twelfth grade eduoa-
tion with twelve years experience werre eooended as ideal
for the Job. The usual tenure for the Job is seven years.










The Job includes non-whites.

BookLtM The duty of the single bookkeeper is to
keep the general reeorls of all business treaasation, labor
records, sales records, eost and counting. The salary
ranges from $5.0 o to 85. 00 weakly. A twelfth grade abdua-
tion and eight years experience were recommended for the
Jos. The usual tenure is four years with either man or woman
employed.

SettEi ga kaMiaM n Mamna. This Job requires
the knowledge and skills of pulling plants from seed beds
and transplanting them to the field, to know and recognize
healthy plants, improved methods ia setting and knowledge
in the operation of machinery. One person was employed in
this job. The salary range is from t65.00 to 85.00 weekly.
An eighth grade education and one year experience were
reoomesned for the Job. The usual tenure for the Job is
one year.

mIe laborer. This job employed 1,042 people to do
general manual labor in hoe cultivation, hand fertilization
and harvesting tomatoes. No particular skill wae reeommeade
for this Job. The salary range is fro forty-three cents
to fifty-aeven cents per hour. ight-huadred and forty-seven
new employees are needed annually. A sixth grade education











with one year experience were recommended for the Job. ion-
thites are incluAed in this Job.

Lot1t laborer. This job has the duty of cutting
potatoes for seed, planting, manual atltivation and fertili-
sation. The job also includes harvesting. There are 980
non-whites employed annually and 782 new employees are needed
annually. The salary ranges from forty-four cents to fifty-
eight cents per hour. No particular skill was reeOammef ed
for this job. The usual tenure is two years.

qioena Thm rnbMskf. The job incalted all tynes of
manual labor In vegetable production plus driving and operating
all maahinery involved in the operation. This work is usually
done by thirty non-white laborers. The salary ranges from
forty-one to fifty-four oents per hour. Fourteen new employees
are needed annually. The usual tenure for this job is two
years. Four years experience was recommended as ideal for
the job.

&Il Zborr. The job includes driving a traotor,
operating farm machinery and also doing all types of vegetable
farming jobs. A high school edaoation and one year ct ei-
perlenoe were reoasended for the job. Twelve skill laborers
are employed with five new employees needed annually. The
range in salary st from fifty-four cents to sixty-two cents
per hour. The usual tenure for this job is five years. The








30

kllls neoesary for the operation are those needed in
operating a farm tractor and machinery, such as adjusting

plows and oultivators, disaing, operating a planter and mixing
sprays and dusts.

Unailled fkWab r. This job inoltces hoelng, harvast-
ing, and similar manual labor. Fifteen non-white employee
were used in this Job with fifteen nw workers needed annually.
The range In salary is from forty to forty-four oeate per hour.

The usual tenure for the job ir one year.






mAll I


aD;awnst, Buns AND AMAS Or a MD r BT nweA
or tanw VMUsLumn rOUCTIR coWafTnIs
o800w AC-I


II I I
T o of J-ob I XMIS Ig h sXwmbw of sadu etos smperlaetis almth
a a t ped i1eia 3 Wastlni tft w Wark- v Actuml Aetual tot Tom=*
I t t saw ikodedo Ide"a I NMl A TseoW
.. .... .... .. . ,


Sal- -ag
nP u IMeM anger t
Amieteat Poedactioe a
rlVANges I
Ae" r



LeaLr s* tdo* I3
Pakla ai e aderse a U
hppig Clea a


Trte BatreA* s
Taltelr i ver*
Tatter Oplatime 4




utmto s
q a ner
fart. lamr a 1W


naix ui i j


Ia
* 9 sso0.6g)os0,000.00I
3 a eo.l4e*g la.n6.sgs
5 a U1s0s.I00 1, ,00.00s
I* e


a I
a a I.00os 00.00
4 as m.0 317.60s
11 a 10.O8 10.45s
S s X1U4.f I 18.43,
3 s 300.80 468.,0s
Ig Omy
L8 a 41.00s 12.00o
m s 54.25.s .1,.s
n0 a 48.TIs 3A..s
I8 a l0., s &.OOt
4 a 80.00S 10.00
1 I 0.0f 15.00,1

1 8.40s 88.00s
S soil 1

a Reedy a
2 .48A .Ts,


4 a 1


Cotllege

sogh sfebea
a a
aiah abees s
a s
alatg sch
Selth awat I
s10th Guado
althl GO adt


lUth aneft

otlh QOnd
S9th Grads


loth Gras
s

StI One
I
#eth tush


I


S
I
a


Jabs Watk iaut"a rartwiite aosaer


2 a


I
* a


* a
* a

I
* a

a i
a
S I
a
a
t a
a $
La

1 a
a


1
1a


* ^ "*r'^-ff


W W I










PEMLOIYMEtT IN Vi ~TABL3i PROUUCTIOf, IN COMPANIES

Table 11 shows the employment opportunities in two
vegetable production companies facing 927 aores. The ad-
ditional information received regarding the types of em-
ployment is as follows:

general Manager. The duties of this job is similea
to that in Table I. Two gnenral managers are employed in
two vegetable compeanie. The salary zrwee from %,825.00
to 5,375.00 annually., A college education and eleven years
experience wer roesemended for this job. The usual tenure
for this job is nineteen years. The skills for this job
are comparable to those in Table

A~LjfiUAB& ffa&aZ This job inoldes advertising
the company, in planning the year's production and determniing
the production outlook. Thie job also includes the general
supervision of production of all vegetables produced. A ool-
lege education and eleven years of experience were reommended
for the job. The salary ranges from 435.00 to 455. 00 per
month. The usual tenure is eighteen years. The job requires
a teehnioal knowledge of soils, fertilisers, inseats, diseases,
and general intermstion relating to the production of vege-
tables. The Job also requires the ability to Interpret
modern improved praotloes and evaluate their use. The job










also requires a knowledge of transportation, both' ral and
truck, rates and labor management.

.ftli" P4*age This job includes advertisinG the company
in planning the years production, and marketing the vege-
tables phrueed. cinlls for the Job include the abillty to
get along with people, a thorough nowledgo of marketnlg an
the various skills and abilities needed in supervising field
operations. One person vas employed in this Job with a
salary range of trea $4,000.0. to 14,500.00 sanawlly. A e21-
esge esueation and four years serifaee were resoe mened
for the job. The usual tenure for the job is seventeen years.

G!naaal Z=a sa.& The general foreman is in charge of
actual growing operations inoludinn cultivation, iertililsig,
pest control, and disease control. The skills required
for the job are same as those used in Table I. Two general
foremen are employed with a monthly salary of $235.00 to
$255,00. A high school education with twelve years experience
wee recommended for the Job. The usual tenure for the Job
is four years.

Szog Foraea. The erew foreman directs the work of all
planting, setting, cultivatlag or harvesting crew. The skills
required for the job are similar to those found in Table I.
Four orew foremen are employed with a monthly salary of










,225. ) to ,25(. 0Ot. A high school education with two years
experience were reecamnded for this Job, The usnal tea're
is four years. Hon-aiites are included in the job.

raotoDr oMrator. This job required the operation
of both tract and wheel type tractors and all types of farm
aaehinery. The skills inoludeZ in this Job are those re-
quired in the operation and maintenance of traotors and
maohinery. The Job includes thirteen employees with a range
In salary fra $165.00 to 4200.00 monthly. Four new woker
are needed annually. The Uvual tenure for this job is three
years. A high sohor:l aduoation witth fiv years experience
were recommended for this job. This job incliues non-thite
employees.

ftLn1a8 Iio2i ioremana. Tids job includes all the
operations of paekinr produce for shipment, but is not alassed
as a production worker. A general knowledge of eaaking of
truck and railroad cars is required for the job. wupervising
labor, grading, operating packing house machinery are also
required. This job included one employee with the salary
ranging fro 292.50, up to W+45.00 monthly. A twelfth grade
education with five years are reoamended for the job. The
usual tenure for the job is seven year.

ai Lkborer. Thia job requirements and skill re
similar to those in Table I. The job employed three eployes










with the salary raringr from f175.0(< to .200,00 monthly.
The education rsl- menMded was a twelfth grade graduate and

five years of experieno,. The usual tenure for this job is
five ytx'rs.

JSaers. This lob includes eight non-hite employees.
The Job required the operation of trucks, staokinm boxes,
crates, hampers an-2 beea in cars and trucks. The oeneration
of mall traetore for lifting purpose is recommended. The
job employs three nae vor er annually. The range in salary

if 346.00 to $5u.o00 eor week. A fifth grade education with
Stwo yoars experience ws& recomended for the job. iThe usual
tenure for this job is three years.

Triuk Prze& The skills and requirements for this
job are comparable to thoe in Table 1, This job epuloys
fifteen employee with a range in salary of 46.00 to ". 69
weekly. A ninth Fpade education and two years experience
were recoaended for the job. The usual tmare Is three years.

.nerC &M2 labohyer. This job incalues general
types of manual labor in vegoteble production !iue driviLn
and operating all asehesry involved in the operation. Twenty-
two non-whitee are employed to do this Job. A twelfth grade
education and one year experience were recoamended for the
job. The salary range is from 45.c to 5l1.00 weekly. Twelve
new workers are needed annually. The usual tenure for the











job is two years.

satq laborer. The duties for this Job are comparable
to tomato laborer in Table I. Fifty-nine non-whites sre
employed in thief Job, The salary range is from sventy-five
to seventy-six cents rer hour. Fifty new workers are needed
annually. Three yerrs of experience is reos mended for
the job. The usual tenure for this job is one year.

tato Jaborsr. This Job is comparable to the toeato
laborer Job above.

kiL raus -!lier. "he titles and skills are
similar to those in Table I. There were forty-five non-
white employees in this job receiving a rflge in saiLarT fro

aaenty-five to ninety-five oenta per hour. Several years
of experience was rYcoammended for the job. The usial tenure
for this Job is one year.

nskilllaed lakg. This Job employs four non-white
workers at I range in salary of thirty-five oaets to forty-
thr~ee a ets -~rr houtr. Three new employees are needed
annually. The usual tenure is one year. The job requires
those skills th.t are listed in Table 1.







TABLi II


DISmMtmIUON, MUTI AND AALtM Or JOBS wLD BY MIPMOWt
Or TWO V TAM PvODUCTION COMPAmI1
m ACISs


Type of Job


Gneral Messer
sales Manger

Aslstant Manager
Geasnal FaVeaaa
Crew roewsna*
Tractor Opeanter
Packing foue foreman
Skill labor


Treuk Ditnrm*w
General Yam laborer*

To0ato labor 6
Potato Laboer*
Peeking Nue Grader*
UDnkilld &Abe*


s Number ai In in SaJa y umber of education sExperienoes lenth
a napiayed i I sNew Wea- 8 Actual i Actual iat TSums
I sflia0mtlg a I xium serm Neaddt Ieal a Ideal tin Ters
= 3.Ls.ss.! sEW11l V ,


I

8
a
a
a
*
a
a


i
a





i
8
8
a
I
a
s*
S


Aatnnl i
4,8~l.OO 5T,375.00s
4,000,001 4,50.00,0


458.00t
426.00s

250.001
300.001
M6.00S
200.00t
I
80.001
49.69i


.76


.43s
l


Monthly
435.00s
236.001
165.001

178.00s
E!!Mo
46.00s
46.00S
45.001



.75s
.35l
1


sColLage I
iigh Shebools
1 I
$College a
tsbgh Scoaeli
IHigh Salhols
4 S 7Th Grad
s lth Grade a
1s2th Grad. s
ia
3 tsth Gra&de
s9th Grade
12 :13th Gade i
I I


11 19
4 17
I
11 18
U 4
343

9 3
8 5

2 3
2 3
1 3


3 a 1
3 1
3 1
7 1
1


*Jobas wtioah talude non-shte employee


---- ---- I


- ---- ---


I I II I


-













-"eC IT attev the tVy14f oW employknsat in fve

iv^i y clte^, '"Eai-g ab'Ule ;eat-ia-cn ;grlase.. ; :-.-etas s'araetd
acFast S "',1 1 1 x-. Ln\ato m^sl fJ. .-:*^ #1si -,tht :eree
g" earpam ^ tiaQ -:Ds uaes'oiti .- Xaiafwtteion reTB andiZ ; t4e

Ytyves of anvai-vymEt Ists liise s.4 P,3 llos:

2MXAD <. hit.Ms~ 's nr .n.e laleb- i'neluieal rti nte-
ment o f tha bastines of the fts. The fitv taivttwal
veaetbleb prc4ietltt rovwern a4 fivn of thin. Jobs with a
fl'anlk :;i syt oT f Ot T S ,3iv.6I to &Bf3l.^-.0 wardl'y3. A
eall?:-c" educ.t ti- 4 w woaim-eris tr ti aes J" with fourteen
Yar-e expeIonIsn Ta uts awil aitaat for th*s job la tvanty
yars. vWis flugiLtd sXi?; A'4 duties of this job asre isUlar
to thana In. 4bl:

fAsalatat IT. hfti job aila4qs one as Lstent
awmaer in esat oW the fitve survey anlM has a Glarls nrge

of 4,032,OC to 5,Cw2.,4- eanauMly. A o21iige edaetion
with ton yazrs i a roiene iwa reeamBEdiad for tVeL job.
""%^ untalr teont is al^h~bea Wtiyca The dnties ^i 4 yiine

i:'. Yci*-:e the ^.Ulee his gb'l X.

si& 1P5nlEar. Thel 3J e o, tioales emast g the nales
of vegetables prcdwced. 0"te "aloe o naer mew" wmpleyed out
of the five rineye Mag Bvith st r sae in salary of 4.,00,00










to $6,000, o annually. A twelfth grade education and five

ypars of" axperienos were- reaom ndd. The usutl teutre for
this Job wp eighteen years. The duties and skill are
eimilar to those in Table II for this Job.

M erlse. TLc e ujpvisor is i: oha:rge of various

operations such Ls spraying, au4tlg, forttilisina and cul-
tivating. A hilg :10ho1l ~du.o ton w-i -h eiit years expeorienoe
were reeomaended for this job even though the present super-
visor has an eleventh grade education. The renaeanded
skills included a well rounded knowledge of agriculture and
plenty of experience. Ths salaZr, tw:i e is fro 350.- to
34oo.oc per month. The usual tenure for this Job is ten years.

General oran. This Job employed one general fore-
man out of the five growers surveyed. The range in salary
was from 435. .ut to 4500. monthly and firo years eax-rienoe.
A twelfth grade ed'catioa was recommended for the Job. The
usual tenure is eight years for the Job. The duties and
skills are saailar to those in Table I.


.Mk Ls2aan. he six crew foraema woork under the
supervisor and are in charge of a crew of about twenty eaoh.
The education listed was ninth grade and four years experience
being suggested for the Job. The skills required were keeping
time and managing labor. 2he range in salZy was from Q300.00










to $400.00 per month, The usual tenure for the Job is
eight years.

zaFg Mrler. This Job requires the operation and
daily maintenance of the machine operated. The skills
required are those necessary to operate and maintain the
machine operated. Thirty-seven non-white truck drivers
are employed and have a range in salary of 4172.80 to

$201.60 monthly. Sixteen new drivers are needed annually.
A ninth grade education and ftr years experience were
suggested for this job. The usual tenure for this Job is
five years.

sPaztr Drfler. This Job employee thirty non-white
tractor drivers with a range in salary of from 2174.33 to
$211.67 monthly. Twelve new drivers are employed annually.
A ninth grade education and four years experience were
suggested for this Job. The usual tenure for this Job is
six years. Duties and skills are similar to those in t ok
driver above.

lRator ODerator. This job employs ten non-white
traetor operators. The range in salary is from *180.00
to $208.00 monthly. A twelfth grade eduoatloa and seven
years experience were reosmended for this Job. The usual
tenure for this Job ito ix years. Duties and skills for
this Job are similar to those found in Table 1.










gMenerl f eM Abo This Job employs eight non-
white laborers. The salary ranges from 3147.00 to $175.00
monthly. Four new worters an needed annually. A twelfth
grade education and one yenr experience were recommended
for the job. The usual tenure for the job is four yearn.
The duties and sills are similar to those found in Table I.

Sakn HOaAs Eorzaan. The skills an: duties for thin
Job are similar to those in Table I. Two packing house
foreea are employed in this Job. The salary ranges from

l106.50 to 115.00 weekly. A twelfth grade education and
six years experience were suggested for the job. The usual
tenure for the job is six years.

General fteshanl. The general meehanic repairs all
machinery Including tractors, trucks, sprayers, dusters,
and all other types of equipment. The skills neoesgary anr
those required to do all types of equipment repairs includ-
ing aotor ovehauling and welding. Two mechanics ar employed
with a salary range of from $l110.0 to $125.c0 weekly. A
twelfth grade education and six years of experience were
suggested for the Job. The usual tenure for this Job is
three years.

loadez The duties and skills for this job are
similar to those found in Table II. Sixteen non-white










employees are used in this job. The salary ranges from
1388.32 to 4233.33 monthly, Eleven new workers are needed
anasaily. i aixth grade education and one year of experience
were reosamended. The usual tenure for this job is three
years.

saUim JJRaS AndS~ r. This job is done by white
and non-white female employees. Twenty-four employees are
needed to complete this Job. The salary ranges from $16L.00
to 4180.00 monthly. no particular education was reaomended
but one year of experience was listed. The usual tenure
for this job is three years. The duties and skills required
for this job are similar to those in Table 1.

hinI~g M ar .This job employs two worker with a
range in alary of A127.50 to 4155.c00 monthly. This job
needs two new workers annually. A twelfth grade education
is needed for thia Job and four years of experience. The
usual; tenure for this job is four years. The duties arn
skills for this job are similar to those in Table I.

Tomla Xtborer. This Job employs 26C non-white
worker with a range in salary of forty-five to seventy-two
cents per hour. The usual tenure in this job is one year.
Two-hundyed and sixty new vorker are needed annually. One
year experience ae s suggested. The duties and skills are
comparable to those in Table I.










EOtOtM Iabor. This Job is similar to the above
Job of tomato laborer.

ynsille ,tarz. T~6t job employs five non-hite
unskilled laborer. The salary ra ee s from fift-five
to seventy cnts per hour. One year experience was sug-
geeted. The usual tenure for the job is one year. The
sills for this Job are similar to those in Table I.





TSu III


DIuaonar mtIW AnD AMWtN O 400M D Say IWMX
Or Fli tOIVIuIL TIEAIs oaWnW IgKm
AM1 Ach


if WA16 I nS t f
$ shawr amh et sa innfla sflupsfhs Lseth
Typat Job Mpl*d a ism Wak- I Actul Aetal lot TOaa
gs SgaSm twea mn. led Ideal a Ideal ta Tla
SI t Annually I t

amsl tea r s* $ i.i 0 o ao.O i0u0.0 4 sD
Asmdbtt Mfa e a t 4,18O.0s RIp.0 .ei CLE s 0 18
"hUe ger a 1 : 4,000.00 6,000.00, th S ad. ae 1 18
-l IMe 1 44000.00 e.OOO.O0l OMWO a f t
.u. I a
m.ne s n t 1 a u0.00s 400.000 t12th Oades 5 1 8
Caw 7riu a 1 30o0.00o 400.001 S18th GMS 8 8
lmiak fite* s 37 a ITa.es aoW.eos 1 sth OMade a 4 8 S
Water DrlvtmO 30 14.331 a1i1.7 18 tS* Oede a 4 4
bniter Opetse* 120 o )oA.OSO 308.00*s sith Qtade t e
Oeamsl ran esboe t U1T.OO 1lf.Cos 4 slth tSd.t I 1 4
Pufcg ame me mea 108.10t U8 .001 OOlth Made 8 4
t0easIl ea.. 3 110.OOs 1).00 1ti OAdth f 8 6#
Leer* 1 1 8.22s 238.I3s U slth Grad a 1 1 3
Paskiag oases ade r* 1 34 1 10.Os 1.00 s 1 3
flmppilo Clk a I 1UT.Si II.00 a sath Grade 4 4
I IV I I I I
Tsato labeWI I .t I I I 1 1
Ptse labhe 3 I s .464 .1s S a a 1 I l
aRiu Id Sli ** .Mu .70s a s 1 1
3 ak


*jobs StA Salatse MW- mAfts ptbplves










SUwAaxY Or DIsTRUPtIUoE, DiSTIrS AN- ANALYSIS
OF JOBS "I VIAETABLE PFODUC-TIO

The foregoing table included vegetable producers

in three categories. These cotegories are eiwpepatons
whio~i produce at least 6,004 acres of croe per year; ocO-

panies vhlh produce at least 927 acres of crops per year
and individual growers whibh rodiue at lenetg 2,191 'ores
of crops annually.

There are many different jobs ia vegetable production
in the Goulds school area of ;iJae County. The Jobs that
seen worthy of the attention of a high school vocational

agricultural student begin at the me hanio and foreman level
and can go wu zo owner. Many of the foremen are provide
with transportation. In addition, during good selling

seasons, a beau ig aUetimes given foremen.
Housing and utilities are furnished most of the workers.
Vegetables are furnished the workers which may be considered
as a supplement to their salaries.

The few doestio employees not being employed the
entire year seek other employment as domestic helpers. A

large number of migratory workers are used for a short time.

In view of the lmrge vegetable production business
in this county, the opportunities for employment in the busi-

ness seem to be good and the possibility of becoming gain-
fully employed as a foreman with a good salary seem to be










limited only b the individuats ability and experience.


SEPLOSNK:T IN CO RMMANEA NUR1SSIES

Table XT shows the types of employment in six
ornamental nurseries specializing in potted hoeee plants
and yard, out flowers, and landscape work. Additional in-
formation rega*ddlir jobs was as follows:

enerani Yamgne,. The geneel manager is in charge
of all growing operations. The skills for the job inluale
the knowledge ant ability to ,reomrmen fertilizer, soils,

dust and asrays, irrigation, end all othr materials used
in or iametal production. The Jeb also requires a knowledge
of propagation, cultivation, slat house maintenance and
labor mrnag rnent. A college education in horticulture a=n
ten years of experience were recommended for the job. (ne
general manager is employed out of tho six nurseries survey-
ed. The aalary ranges from 4A .1.00 to 365.00 weekly. The
usual tenure is twenty-seven years.

SManA. e. The owner manager supervises the
field, glass house, slat shed and landsaaping operations.
The job inoludle retail sales work at the nursery. A col-
lege education and seven years experience- were listed as
ideal. The salary ranges from 075.00 to $115.00 weekly.
The usual tenure is twenty-three years in this Job. This job










employs two workers. Soils, fertilizers, sprays and dusts
were the things listed as most taportant by the smnager.
Other skills required by this job were salesmanship and
business ability.

Sale Matner. The sale manager assists the owner
manager. There was one sales manager employed at the tite
of thia survey. The salary rasltes from g250.00 to 3coU. Go
weekly. A twelfth grade education and four years experience

were adequate. The tenre for this Job is usually eight years.

Prodetion Maigfty. Ths rooduotion manager is in
charge of all arowin, operations. A high school education

in horticulture and five years of experience were reols-
mended in thi$ job. The annual salary rangen frat $5,000.00
to t10,o00,00. The usual tenure in this job is eight years.

The skills necessary for this job include the sure knowledge
and ability to recommend fertilisers, soils, dusts, sprays,
irrigation and all other materials used in ornamental produe-

tion. The job also requires a knowledge of propagation,
cultivating, slat house and labor management.

aLenansl lfrewa. The general foreman assist the
production manager in directing the work of the *rewas The
skills needed are generally those listed for the production
manager, except the fornaen may be in charge of one particular
operation such as propagation, and be required to know more











about that job than tha others. A twelfth grade education
and three years experience were recommended for this Job.
The salary range is from t220. 0 to $412.u per week. The

usual tenure for this job is thirteen years. Twelve
general foremen were employed in this job.

PnaMtioL n MAmer. This Job includes propagating
and growing ornamentals in the slat house. The akilla re-
qulted are the ability to do all types of propagating,
potting, fertilizing, trfgsting, and insect and disease
ountrol. Plant identiflontion i1 also reeaamended. col-

lege education anl two yesrs experience wero recommnendod

for the job. Two non-white workers are employed annually.
The range in salary is from 1l80.OC to $290.00 monthly.

The tenure is usually nine years.

Tr- .R LzBj M"At The truck route man works with
the production workirsa and sales manager in preparing the
plants for market, leads truck, and delivers the plants
along the established route. The requirenent for the Job
inolu'des good personality, sales ability rnd the ability to
keep accurate records of transactions. This job employed
seventeen non-white-workers with a salary range of sixty-
five vents to 1.19 per hour. Two new worker are needed
annually. A twelfth grade education and two years ex-
perience wr re commended for the job. The tenure of this











Job is usually four year.

nurserY Lborr. This job includes all the manual

labor involved in the propagating, potting, growing, and
preparation of plants for the market. The 146 nont-hite
laborers employed have the responsibility of caring for
certain estates. The salary ranes from sixty-cents
to $1.14 per hour. The job employs eighty-nine new workers
annually. A tenth grade education was recommended for this
job with two years experience. The tenure for this job
is five years.

MIa river. The duty of the truck driver include
general maintenance and care and to haul the orews to and
from the estate and plaoea to be roared for. This job is
done by non-vhites. The two employees have a range in
salary of eixty-seven eonts to l1.00 per hour. One new

worker is needed annually. A ninth grade education is recon-

mended for the job with four years experience. The tenure

for this job is usually four years.






ITAL IV


DIUSlTBIWo DT XEM AN AIMAIB o~ JCS FLD ByT MIDP
or sIX cmaMnJuL NUSIhS
IL1 AOC


I gl l$
a iXuber a Maage in salary tunbr of sEducation itcperlenos Leangth
Type of Job s Uployed sMaew Wetk- a Actual a Aetal sot Teaan e
SBegiMlai I xim t" HMe ded Ideal % Ideal sin Teear
SsAU M rA ally a a S



QOer Manmr a 2 'l T.00 a 1.00 a sCollage a I years a 2
as Manger a 1 a o60.00 a 300.00 t lth ir de 4 TYears
a a ANnAE a a 2 1
ProduUtion a er a 3 5000.00 i16.000.00 l8th Grade a Tew a
8 99" 1 1 3 a
Geaesa rr a 18 a 20.00 a 412.00 ll 2th Grade Tw a 13
Prpagationa angr* a 18 .0 0 t 00 o.oo 3 C Cllge a3 2 ears 9

trwak smate mo* X 1.10 1 l2th Orde o2 Wears 4
Murder labe 148 .8 1.14 a s sloth Grafde 2 TeU S
Truck Drv* a 2 .6*T 1.00 S s Oth O&e 4 Iear 4
t '


Jobs flhih iaolndu nonm-sitt eploy1










DIfTRiBUTION, DUTIES AND ANAtLBIS OF EMPOIXENT

IN CITW S PROUOCTXOF

Table V shows the distribution, duties and analysis
of Jobs held by employees in a citrus prodation asesoatlon.
Six-hunired and nineteen (619) aeres of citrus are produced
annually. Additional information regarding jobs wea as
follows:

gtPi jnaeaoh. This job ainolves cheeking the
grove constantly for all insects and diseases, knowing

the proper insecticides to use and noting the general oon-
dition of the grove. A college education aMl two years
experience were listed as ideal. The grove Inspector has a
range in salary of 60o.00 to 370.00 per week. The tenure in
this job is usually ten years.

General oze aa. This job sl responsible for small
orews of five to twelve men, The foreman has to know all
phases of grove work and how to manage labor. A high school
education and four years experience were considered ideal
for the Job. The tenure is usually eight years. The neces-
sary skills included fertilizing*, praying, dusting, oul-
tivating, hoeing, pruning, and all other grove operetlons.
The range in salary io ,$5. 0t to 65.00 per week.










rul. Drver. The fifteen non-white employees in the
Job have a range in salary of V4o.C.o to $50.00 weekly. An
elementary grade education and three years experietoe wele
reecemended for this job. The tenure for this job is usually
seven years. Skills and duties for this Job are similar
to those in Table IV.

Trator fD ry, This job euireui the operation
and maintenance of the machine operating. Other duties
and skills are similar to those in Table I. The twonty-two

non-white employees have a range in salary of 40.00 to 450.00.

One new employee is needed annually. An eleventh grade
education and two years experience were considered ideal.
The tenure for the job is usually ten years.

Gzo k Xahborer. Thio Job calls for doing all types
of manual labor necessary in grove work The thirty non-
itite employees have a rance in salary of 35.(OC to 'UA5.C&
weekly. Ten new employees are needed annually.

lftockih XMa Gaader. The thirty non-vhite and white
employees have a range in salary of ,a443.00 to o55.O0 per
week. Ten new employees are needed annually. A twelfth
grade education and two years experience were reoommended
for this job. The tenure for this job is usually two years.
Duties and skills for this job are similar to those in Table I.










AtIhppn CoiL This Job employee four shipping clerks
with a range in salary of $50.00 to S60.00 per week. One
new employee is needed annually. Two years college trin-
lng and four years erarienoe were raoomendu e for the
job. The tenure for the Job is five years. The duties
and skills are similar to those listed in Table I.

Qaaeal MeXoania The general mechanic repairs
grove machinery including tractore, trucks, sprayers,
dusters and all other types of equipment. The skills neces-

sary are those required to do all types of equipment repairs,

including motor overhaulinrg nd welding. The salary range

is from -45.00 to w65,00 weekly. One new employee is needed
annually. A twelfth grade education and five years ex-

perieane were recommended for the Job. The tenure is usually
four years.







TAB V


1StUw rWOnt, DWr AND AAu*Mas or JO IIm nr W MiSu
IN A Cl i MSODwTIa ASSMCIATUI
Sas ACIM
*1 -- -------
a g I I uo Is
saMuer hang. to Solar .MNe t o ,uwation Sxpelas length
pe of Job a upleyed a snow W rSk- ACtai1 Aetwl O TsM
a s a Uogtanlngs mx sem Iededs Ideal Id eal sina Twers
I a sAnnull7 S S
I I I i ,

0rovo lispetor 1 $ 6e0.00 0.00 a cellee s 3 10
Geoanal reon a 1 a 46.00 a 6.00 la 81th Orad 4 s 8
Truck DlvWr* a 1i t 40.00 60.00 a Uth Gde s 3S s
Tmeter lrtvte a 2 400 0.00 oO0 1 uth GOrde a 3 a 10
Grover lbeIWr* a 80 a 38.00 4.00 10 t Oth GraOds 1
Peaking alse edr* 0 43.00 a 8.00 10 slUth Orade s 2
skipplg Clet a 4 s 0.00 0.00 a 1 l2th Grade 4 s
GerLal ltoa nI a 1 s 48.00 a 0.00 a 1 tth Grade a s 4
s----, ----


oabs sAe include nonM ite emptogast










DISTBlfmTION, DUTIES AND ANALYSIS OF 24MPLOYMET IN

50 PRODUCTION

Table VI shovw the distribution, duties end analysis
of jobs held by employees ot five egj produeere entailing

182 ncres. Additional information reg-riing Jobs vas as
follows:

nergtl Sagnaer. re' duties and akllls for this Job
are similar to thrte listed in Table VII except the products
are eggs, The two employees In this Job have a salary

range of from ~377.5c to 65c.00 monthly. A college eduea-
tion in poultry $ reduction and fifteen years experience are
suggested for the job. The tenure is usually twenty-two
years.

MPr OMerator. This job is similar to the general
manager's job above. The skills required in the Job inelate

candling, a knowledge of diseases and insects, feeding and

general sanitation, The employee in this Job haa a salary
range of %450.00 to 60t.0o per month. A twelfth grade

education and fifteen year experlenoe are suggested for
this job. The tenure is twenty yeras.

Prosdcatlon Manar. This Job requires skills in
feeding and keeping the birds in good health. Marketing of
products, setting prileea a knowledge of acoounting, federal










and state laws, and ability to get along with people are
neeeaeary for this Job. The two non-white and white pro-
duotion managers have a salary range of 333.33 to 4.87.50
per month. A high school education and six years ex-
perience were recommended for this Job. The usual tenure
for this Job ti seventeen years.

=a arver. The duties and skills of this Job
are similar to those listed in Table I. A twlfth grade ed-
ueation and one year experience are renoa ended for this
job. The tenure for the Job is usually ae years. One.new
employee is needed annually. The three non-white workers
have a range in salary of $47.30 to $60.00 weekly.

GQenewai &mJ l This Job employs twenty-two
non-vhite general farm laborers. The salary range is from
$45.00 to .60.00 weekly. One new employee is needed annually.
A twelfth grade education and one year experience a reaom-
mended for the Job. The tenure is usually six years. This
job requires physical ability to do all serts of annual
labor about the farm.


JS kl tboZ. This Job requires a twelfth grade
education and three years of experience. The tenure in this
Job is usually twelve years. The Job assists the manager in
perforing post mortem, handle elNe, grade and pack eggs and











load trucks for market. The nine non-white employees in

thin jo J have a salary range of fifty-four eents to $1.15

per hour.

Unskilled labor, The unskilled labor is required
to do general manual labor, leaning and MaAntaining good

sanitation. A seventh grade education and two years ex-

perience were suggested for the job. The three non-white
employees in this Job have a range of salary from fifty
to fifty-five cents per hour.







TAaB VI


DI8TIUOZO mIN AND AtAUSIS or JioB ELD W t PT UiiaS
or FIV noPsMC
182 ACgS


Summer t e in SaIn ry sAIber of s Sdu action slperi oet Lrmath
TyP of Jab mplIyed a l sow Work- s Actual s Aotual sot Tn
SBeaaiunes Maxim ers Nedd Ideal : Ideal tin Year
a BAIallP a 3
I

General aesm a 2 s 377.50St1 680.00 s scollte I i a 22
Owner Operteor 40.00 s 00.00 s.l0th QGrade s 1i 30
Production tagrm 2 333.00 s 48T.50 ilUth OGade a 6 17


Truck Driver* 3 3 4. 60.00 1 sl th Grade s 1 6
General Farm labo 22 8 45.00 58.00 o 4 8 $th Grade 8 a
S1 Nearly I I
kill Iabore 1 9 a .S4 s 1.11 s lath OltG a 3 12
led 1 Grade
__ __^, _____ ^ J ----- -- ----- ------- AI ------


*Job.s hilh ialUde aoom-lit. eplament











OfHAfAPTR V


EPlXOfltNT OPPOmrUNITIS L4 INIDUsTRItES iMTATES

TO AGRICULTURE

The volume of the earicultural production in iade

County la reflected in the goodly number of service organi-

sations related to the production and processing of agrl-

cultural products. 'Te various industrial amn service

organizations may provide good Jobs for farm boys who are

not rble to seoure emnr?lynent in firrn 3roduotion. In many

instr-ne! e these jr,'i require kiflilerlje of L-.riculturP-1

akilln. ihe InTuatries 'nc o:rnc Frla ong Included in this

ctutdy 're the peaking l nd orating, buying rnvd selling,

buyingl, selling and orating, rArden and supply stores,

tra&tr* anwld inpliment wtler rnd searvioe, welding and

machine, fertilizer and, sales, see nnd sales, hauling

and well drilli n rper~atir-n. Job requtrements, onmn-

soling, and other information and services relating to

employioent in the industries related to agriculture are

provided, by the FlordlO; h:oloynent Service. jInfFrmatin

o& noerning job in ae4riculture is nuch more limited. A

detailed list of inf: imtinn conceiralng types of employ-

ment in the industries and eerviees included in the study

would be duplication and repetition of the work performed

by the inploymnnt Service.










DISTRIBUTION, DUTIES ANT) ATALYsIS OF EMPLOYMENT IN
PACKING AND CRATING SERVICES

In view of this fact, the information included will
consist of limited examples of the types of employment found
in the industries previously listed.
Table VII shows the distribution, duties and analysis
of Jobs held by employees of five agriculture packing and
orating service companies. Additional intfoation regarding
Jobs was as follows:

eneaMl ManaiMr. This job includes the management
of packing, orating end shipping services of all produce.
The job requires a knowledge of federal and state lava, coot
and accounting, business management, labor management, trane-
portation, including rail and traut and market and market
contacts. The five employees have a range in salary of
45,160.00 to W$O,680.00 annually. A college education and
ten years experience were considered ideal for the Job. The
tenure is twenty years for this job.

Assistant anar. This Job requires the skills of
handling labor and actually in charge of setting up and
planning the operations for the week o month. The four
employees in this Job have a range in salary of $4,700.00

to ~5,9l8.77 annually. A twelfth grade e4uoatton in










agriculture was listed as ideral with eight years of ex-
perience. The tenure is usually eighteen years.

.Sals anaer. The sales manager has the respon-
sibility to locate markets, advertise owners products prior
to harvest time. This Job also requires a knowledge of
general prices, cost of production, what prices are expected
for products and general supervision of labor. The two em-
ployees of this job hawr a range in salary of A4,500.toU to
$10,50c.00 annually. A twelfth grade eduoaton in agr-
culture and aix years experience were recommended for the
job, The tenure for this job 1i eighteen years.

General PorLma. The four aon-white employee of
this Job have the responsibility of operating field work,
getting product fro various fields to the packing house,
One new employee is needed annually. The range in salary
is A225. 00 to $250,00 monthly. A twelfth grade edueation
in vocational agriculture was recommended for the job and
three years experience. The tenure for this job is seven
years.

Pacsn House f og iman. This job Is responsible for
all the machinery and work done in the packing house. The
Job requires a knowledge to plan and supervise labor, super-
vise the operation of grading and other packing house










machines. The Job also requires a knowledge of state and
federal lave, the standards for packing all products. The
three employees of this job have a range in salary of
$300.00 to $367.33 monthly. OCe new employee is needed in
this Job annually. A twelfth grade education with three
year education vae considered satisfactory for the Job,
The tenure for the Job is four years.

MBokeeina. The skills and duties of this Job are
similar to that In Table XIII. The single bookkeeper has
a range in salary of $275.00 tc o300.00 monthly. A twelfth
grade education and five years experience were recoeaended
for the job. The tenure for this Job is six years.

lmnia s Mi fl The skills and duties of this Job
are slailar to those in Table I. The single employee in
this Job has a range in salary of 350. 00 to $t50.00 per
month. One new employee sl needed annually for this Job.
A twelfth grade education and five years experience wre
recommended for the Job. The tenure for this Job Is usually
five years.

XA3 Drivera. The skills and duties a required by
this Job are similar to those in Table I. The twenty-nine
non-white employees have a range in salary of $45.00 to










$53.o0 per week. Twenty-three new employees are employed
annually. A nineth grade education in agriculture and two
years experience wve listed as ideal. The tenure to usually
seven years.

nsakillad lAbomer This Job is done by sixty-seven
non-white laborer end have a range in salary of .43.00 to
$54.5( per week. Forty new employees are needed annually.
An eighth grade education and one years experience were
recommended for the ob. Skills and experieoe for this
job are similar to those in Table I.

Loagjg This Job require physical ability to do
manual labor in loading trucks and ears. Handling the goat
and saall traotors for leading purpoeee are also required fo
the Job The twelve non-white ad white employees in this Job
have a range t1 salary of 435.0O to W4S.33 per week. Eleven
new employees are needed annually. An eighth grade educa-
tion and one years experience vere considered ideal for the
Job. Other skills and duties are similar to those found in
Table II.


faumnR ngaM Q;asa. .he duties and skills for this
Job are similar to those in Table I. This Job employs forty-
eight white and non-white workers. The range in salary le








TABLE VIZ


DIBTrIBwU w, wDItIES ANAD AW S Or JOBS r U BY MPLOTm
OF FIVE AGRICIAT PACKCN AND CRATIXM IEV IC COMPAIMU


I I I I I I
o Utaber t MWag in Sat ry iftabue of o duatlion itxpeartenrt Lagth
Type of Job I Eployed : I :Nwr Vost- I Acts.n a Actal io Taiu2r
Sa ieglnnings tximam S r Neededl Ideal Ideal ia in yea
I ma u i


Assistant Manager
Sales manager

General Forema'
lPack irg uase Foreman
Bookkeeper
Shippitn Cleri

Truck Driver*
UaskiXied Laboet
Leade
lPacking aus" Grader*


5,160lo ,Po.es80.00,
4,T.00.00 5,918.7:1
4, 00.00s 10,800.001

225.00: 250.00s
300.001 367.33:
275.00t 300.001
360.001 450O00


4S.00s 53.001 23
43.001 54.50: 40
35.00t 48.33, 1
42.33s 51.0lt 48


I
sCollege
:12th Grade
tl2th Grade

1 l2th Gradl
1 tl2th Grade
:12th Grade
1 1l2th Grade


20
18
a 18

7
4
S


7
1
1
1


I
t oth Grade
s 8thk orne
s 8th Grade


*Jobe which islude non-tite eploymntmt


L I


I~~---"-


n Ii-- a










442.33 to 51. 00 weekly. Forty-eight new workers are needed
annually. An eighth grade education and one years experience
were ontsidered ideal.

DISTRIBUTION, DUTIES AN]D ANALYSIS OF EMPLOYXMNT IN
BUYING AWD SELLING SERVICE

Table VIII shows the distribution, duties PAn eanalyaei
of Jobs held by employees of an individual buying and sell-
ing house. Additional information regarding Jobs was as
follove:

General mnsaer. The duties and skills for this job
a&e similar to those listed in Table VII. This employee has
a salary range of $450.00 to 4750.00 monthly. A college edu-

cation and ten years experience ae commended for the job.
The tenure is nineteen years for this Job.

Asalatant sManser, The employee in this job has a
range in salary of from $350.00 to 50o.o0 month. A
school education and four years experience are reeomended
for this job. The tenure for this job is usually fifteen
fears killa and duties for this job an similar to those
listed in Table I.










Truk Aier. The duties and skills for the Job are
similar to those in Table IV. The six non-white employees
of this job have a salary range of $189,00 to i212.00 month-
ly. Two new employees are needed annually. An eleventh
grade education and three years experience wee suggested
for this Job. The tenure for this Job is ten years.

Paakinag Hou Formatn. The duties of this Job are
aiRmllr to those listed in Table VIT The employee in this
Job has a salary range of $260.00 to $280.00 per oath. A
twelfth grade education and two years esre rlenoe are reoam-
mended for this Job. The tenure for the is usually eight
years

.fLager The skills and duties of this fab are
similar to those listed in Table VII, The three non-white
employees have a range in salary of S.*5 11 o,50 per hour.
One new employee is needed annually. An eighth grade edA-
cation and one yeas experience were suggested for the Job.
The tenure Is usually three years.

PAkinJ EIaaou ggr4r. The twelve non-white employees
of this Job have a salary range of from $4.4 to $.52 ner hour.
Twelve new employees are needed annully. A twelfth grade
education and three years experience were recommended for
the Job. The tenure for this Job Is usually three years.







TABM VIIl


DisUlM lON.
Or AN


DOtit AND ARUMI1B Or JOSS BILD B8Y iMPiDW
IODIVIImL BWItCD AND SALiUNG sOt


pe ao Job S ployd a a New e- AOctul AOtual so Tean
a Begimatgt tSnIm e r Nneded Ideaol Ideal ata Ytee

a $ .... I a
Aitnat Mager a t a S 0.00 ; .0OO sil2th Grd a 04 : 1S

*ng Benge o s 1 5 0.00 a0a a lltI Gad a I U
TV" RIIt N' I a 1 1O0.0O 210.00 s.sh Grade s 3 1 0
Pftdcl NOU Foean 1 1 $ M0.00 3 l8. OO I t2t O s a s a

Load"* a 3 .4aL .00 i1 I rtced. I a 3
P liang Iau OGadr 13 41 .8 13t U ttISb Ow 3 3
sblppLng c rei .6s s a at GMato I a I I
tas sq~- ---i-----


ob a tia tfotude non-IMit eepleamct










The duties and skills for this Job are similar to those
in Table I.

thipping 0l1f. The skills and duties for this job
are similar to those listed in Table I. The two employees
of this job have a range in salary of 8.65 to 8.85 per hoar.

Two new employees are needed annually. A twelfth grade edu-
cation and two yevrs experience are recommended for the
job. The tenure is usually seven year.

DIZT~IBUTICN, TIESS A:t; ANALYSIS 7 IMNPLOEXiT IN
BUYING, BaLtlIN ANI; CMATIG

Table IX shows the distribution, duties and analysis
of jobs held by employees of a buying, selling and crating
cooperation. Additional information regarding jobs was as
follovws

Cheneral aniaer. The duties and skills are simllar
to those found in Table VII. The usual tenure for the job

is twenty years. A college education and ten years experience
were recommended for the job. The general manager has a range

in salary of 4,00, .00 to S7,000.00 annually.

WSuervi~ so The duties and skills for this job are
similar to those in Table 'VI. The usual tenure for this Job
is nineteen years. A twelfth grade education and five years










experience were suggested for this job. The job has a range
in sat1ry of .350.0t to 1450.OC monthly.

E 2r Foreman. Fran one to four non-white employees are
used in thti Job. The range in salary is 4300.0 to $355.00
per month. Three new workers are needed mnnally. A college
education and five years experience were recommended for the

Job. The usual tenure for this job is eight years. The
skill p.nd duties required for thi Job are similar to those
in Table I.

Tuci Driver. The usual tenure for this Job is seven
years. A twelfth grade education with three years experience
are recommended as ideal for the Job. Three to nine non-
whites are employed in the Job with a salary range of l6o0.00
to $225.OC per month. The duties and skills are similar to
those in Table IV.

TaMLatoe Labirer. POtath o kborer AMA General Fm .afbore.
These jobs are similar to those in Table I except this Job
employs one hundred twenty seven non-whites with a anlary
range of $,50 to .80 per hour. A sixth grade education
with one years experience are recommended for the Job.









TAKS IX


DISTRIBITION, DWUIS AND ANALYSIS O' JOBS MWUL BY LOUIffmS
OF A BUi Y SSBLUI AND CRATCI COMP0IATIW


I I I I I
i tuaber a M I a Saary sNual of i A dutstion xpariew Legk
Type of Job talked I a NMew r k- Actual a Aatual set Toawe
a s egil aint LxWama er n rnded Ideal a Idea t in Yeor


I I a
IaS I I ta


Supervisor 1 30.00.1 40.00s :1ath OGade S 19
crow ro u~* 1-4 300.00: sU.00 3 il2th GOrae a a
Trock river* 34 a 160000 28a.00: 1 lath Orade 3 ? 7

a a a a a a
Twmat LaborWa 2 a .50, .80* 62 seth Grade I I 1
Potto Labore* 1 62 .601 .801 6s2 Ith Oade a 1
Geroanl ura lboer* a 3 t .601 .80|s (th oGad*e a 1
SI. t, I I I


Aob wblth include mn-elte employment


v










DISTRImBTtON, MrTIrE ANP AgA&YSIS OF WXPLMhtEWT IN
CITRUS GROVE GCtRETAKE

Table X shows the distribution, duties and analysis

of jobs held by esoloyees of oitrus grove caretaker co-
oper tlon. Additional information regarding Jobs was as
follows:

Amervlsor. The supervisor is in charge of one
particular operation a sh as fertilization, post control
and cultivation. The saklll required wer those involved
in the -operation for vwich the supervisor was respon-

alble. The job has a range in salary of $325.00 to
$625.00 per month. A college education and ten years
experience was recommended for the job. The tenure is

generally seventeen yeers.

f.el Forman. This Job involves directing the work

of a crew of twelve men doing various citrus production

operations. A high school education and six years ex-
perience are reoeimuended for the Job. The tenure is

usually eight years. The two employees in thin Job have
a range in salary of tz25.00 to i$30.00 per maiot.









TABU X


DISTRUTIONl DUTIES AND ANALYSIS O08 s WELD
BY jMPIPDlTBB
Or CITIUS 08Q CAREUaS C~ICATION
480 AC0BS

1 a 1 I
a Lumber t RUnce in Slary iNmber of is education Itxperoawes Logth
Type of Job t Employod i Ia Ner Wo4r- I Actual Aotual ot Teaure
i BRginings MasXtaaiiers N.wa.rs Ideal Idel tlan Ynsa
i a tAnauatly a a i

a a a

supervisor 1 i $ 38 .00 a $ 6.00 t tCollege a 10 a 17
Crew Foreia a2 250.00 300.00 a l12th Orm"A a I 8
rctor Opermo a 8 210.00 UL.00 a sl2th Grado s 2 10
Unaukild Laboers a 1I2 180.00 I208.00 a 8 teth OGrade 2 2

I S I S I


*abs whiah inade. non-hto employmat










TraotoP r 9mrtor. lThi job employs eight non-whites
vith a salary range of $210. O to $215.0, per month. A

twelfth grade education and two years experience wvae row-
onmended for the job. The usual tenure is ten years. Duties

and skills are similar tc those listed in Table IV.

Un illed aborr. The usual tenure for this job is
two years. A ninet, gjrde education and two years experience
were recn^ende.l for the job. The twelve non-white employees
have a salary range of $180.,0 to 42C8.CC per month, Dutise
and khills for this job are similar to those in Table I.

DISTRIBUTE' N, DUTIS AND ANALYSIS OF EMPPLOYNNT IN

FARM AND GARDEN SUPPLY COMPANIES

Table XI shows the distribution, duties and analysis
ef Jobs held by employees of four fanr and garden supply
companies. Additional information regarding jobe was as

follows:

General Raarge. The general manager serves as
bookkeeper of this store. The skills in the jobs requires

a general knowledge of all feeds, seed, fertilizers, sprays
and duets because many customers seek *dte( on agriculture

problem. A college education and nine years experience

is recommended for this job. The tenure for the Job is











eighteen years. The four employees in the Job have a
range in salary of $5,55C.0L to 9,125.c annually.

Aasijatgt MnaReP This job requires buying and
selling ability and skills necessary to keep records and
accounts. A high school education and eight years ex-
perience were recommended for the job. The tenure for
thi, Job is fifteen yosrs. The two employees have a

salary r-nge- of 5,750.0o to 16,750.o, annually.

agls jan#aer. The sales manager set the prices
on all onmcoditie and does sales work in the store. The
job requires salesmanship, a knowledge of the products, and
a general knowledge of livestock and crop inseeot and
disensea. A high school education and five years ex-
perience were suegested for this jzb. The tenure for
this Job is usually twelve years. The two employees in
this job have a salary renge of `325.51 to 3334.0o monthly.

Tractor Ora-tor. The duties and skills of this Job
are similar to thoee in Table XII. The two non-white em-
ployees in this Job have a salary range of 17?5.0L to

4185.oc per month. One new employee is needed annually.
A seventh grade education and three years experience were
listed as ideal. The usual tenure for this Job ie nine

years.










Qe.ne.r l mSeahnc. The requirements, skills and
duties of this job in similar to those in Tnblc III. The
four non-white employees have a range in saelry of ,225.00
to 250.iuL, per month. Two new employees are neeede annually.

A twelfth gra e edunc tion and four years experience were

considered ideal. The tenure for this Job is ten years.

TnAcX river. This job include sinilrr skills and
dutir! to t'iose in Tsble IV. The nine white snd non-white

employees in this job have a range in salary from $71.25 to

$82.50 per week. Three new employees are needed annually.
An eighth grade education and three years experience are
recommended for this Job. The usual tenure for the Job is
thirteen years.

echanio HeR er. The duties and skills for this job
are comparable to thcse in Table VII. The ncn-white ea-
ployee has a sal ny rnlge.of .35 to 4.50 per hour. One
new employee is needed armnnually. An eleventh grade educa-
tion is recommended for this Job and one years experience.

ak L aborer. This Job employs four non-white
skilled helpers. The range in salary is $.48 to ,.53 per
hour, One new employee is needed annually. A twelfth
grade education and seven years experience were suggested

as iden. The tenure in six year for this job.









TABL XI


DISTfIBUQI, DUTIES AND ANALYSIS or JOB MCrA BY MW8iOts OF
OUW rA A AND GARDB SUPPLY CMPANIS


I I I I I t
I smber a ange in alary tumb oft Edunetion laxperlaaee Len th
Type of Job Deployed I iMev Wtek- I Actual a Aotuwl eot Teure
a a egianags Matmim re f eded Ideal a Idal ain Years
I allly tAnul i s

General Manager a 4 :S$ ,6 50o70i0s91.00: :Collge 9 a 18
Assistant biager a 2 a 5.SO.0O 6,550.001: 1t2th Grade 8 1 15
a a monthly s a a
t t t t t I
ISal Mansar a 2 a 325. 80 334.00o stlth Grade 5 12
Tracto Opeator* 2 s 17.00. 185 .00 1 a 7th Orade s 3 a
General MeYh ias* 4 3 23.001 250.00s 2 13t h Grade 4 a 10

S3 t a $
Th uk Avsr* I 9 a 71.25: 8.50 3 a sth rOade a 3 a 13


Mechanl o Rilpes t a .35i .50s 1 :11th Grade a 1 8
Skill labaor 4 .48t .63 1 n12th OGade a 7 6
UnlakUlld Lbr r* 18 .468 .067 4 3Sth Grade 1 4
_o ....____ .e t

JobWa icok Include non-thit nploynmt











kills and duties for this Job are similar to those in

Table I.

Unailled laborer. The duties and skials of this
job are similar to thnse in Teble XII. The twelve non-

white employees have a range in salary of $.45 and $.67

per hour. Four new employees are needed annually, A fifth
grede education and -ne years experience is considered iieal.

DI~TRIBUTION, DUTIES AND ANALYSIS OF EMPLOiENKT IN

TRACTOR IMIPELt ET CORPORPATION

Table XII shosv the distribution, duties and analysts

of jobs held by employees of four tractor and impliment so-
Operation sales and services. Additional information re-

garding jobe was listed as followed:

0nEp Manaaer. This job includes the eupereisi:,n of
all operations of the shop such .a designing custom built
machinery, doing sales work and developing and maintaining

good public relationship. The skills required for this job

Includes a wo'kilnr knowledge of all m cbhinery in the shop,

the ability to design and build special machinery business

management and the supervision of labor. A college eduoa-

tion was recommended and fi" years of experience were

recommended for the job. The one owner manager has a range











in ailary of 1-5 .00c to 5tLO.cO monthly. The tenure for
this Job is twenty-five ye:rs.

u ervi"sor. The job is similar in a smaller degree
to that of the owner rmneger. The one supervisor receives a
range in aelary of $2,f .00 to 5ic0.c'o monthly. A college

oduor.tion wao sttitsfpctory with five years of experience.

The tenure we listed PA ten years.

A".a Farmaa The requirements for this Job were
similar to those listed for the owner manager except the
salary range is from 75.(.0 to s1..oe weekly. A high
sohonl education ia ideal with six year of experience
and the tenure is eight years.

Fne rivere. The duties of the truck driver are
similar to those in Tsble IV except it hauls equipment.
The salary ranges fr,4n 5.(; to 455.( weekly. One non-
white new worker is needed annually in this Job. A twelfth
grade education and two years experience wre re ommended
for the job. The tenure for this job is usually f-ur years.

Tractor pera tr. rhe tractor operator has the re-
sponsibility of assembling pieces of equipment and to

demonstrate tractor and attoohments; also to make deliveries.
The Job salaries range from ;45.00 to 6.00i with a tenth










gadft oSeestatn atd fter yaolra Si4ftsene, fw tmnsw to
uOains ought yre'o. tis Job emljos thwe no aWela



GenaaI f^^ea^la. 'TSMS fr> aermptop stgt swn>^^ e
gW'*l ,10 f0btes. ia jo b tUaket feaS>L oef 4whse the Wreek
d"Mn to or twiRe Vth tentre eve to be le0tnnet. Mse
genfMRa netfWattea nonMI t3 I 1tgyP of tWatVa*e a; M-gtp
aent. They ta1d #tme 0r I Ot3 q astrmet. SZeO k, we-
ntmwinaia sAn4Otn all otf those *a to inTle 1M1. U he
gsolay wev In "a c 44. tVi r 5.0 wn1etkly. VTrw 0o4
writers ae Wrflnyes aer -xly. *'* UAlOtI ezae -P m" flrt
vae easgsted with .e$tt rene ewaarlence-

eai asa ^Sgf l ThiWs ta b isolaase tOw uwtafe
hetpse,. hM autimt ?asM niqutnsait ort thita $sb ware
aatllwr t* tmhne af ? enawl rwatlte *eoepSt in Itlt Ulma
S1lkt se espeOtee. he salsty 3rape to Ie* 43S."66 to
55..- wotakte. ne ans qmplyer la neetaed 9anWAy. A
ateth fvft edu aaoattaon a Pee imft4 ad *sx ySa.V esm-
poefane. ih tenure for tth e job ini wtnI; oIs r a.pme

Aji6 akSZa &U lablr tea the weepeilflt e of
LenttiO; 4toe1s*r plbtatd AiM *ls. The job q natmn a&
genemwr krnrw1Xe of ptlatt0g4 e0mae4nt. egtmsaI, ePPla
thag nesieas, Th. josb asoYae tzirw wnCEe 1ew Gamlry










Langsf estV. W:<,tt to 5.-ti enekly. fr*jr nea wterso are
*a'oYe4 anMneWtI* A rveuth Mgra0 ducawtlin and five
yeero eteflese wesare aan set as r ,110* ea*tq
to ru ftr t tig 3-T, IsT fT y.ers.

JULfkllA Asbu fi jnb 1. 4kga t n e asnna-whitl
erstloye vtte as1"7ry sason m'5. t A s*ennV'o gae cdowttn tid ftl7 wears 3ssrtenes rVer
wa**ted fI C I I r'. thiA 3 b. t4s J5ib w*r gnae phtfslz
zit ltY tio d4 seani wa14 Te teawsa tor I&iA Job in snal-
IS tv yoaus.

fArzM zn CIagG The austen a nnmid mt"h upiae^ t tp
the shpnngl lsterk ye ifttlor t Vie in T'rt. I. -e
eht"iw* e to e4 -r pa@ tn the artw tnae^ e aw- lnaplh-
s taet mocpemtttn aeu Ie aM= enretsen egeared. TIM salary
vfywes frt 15 -, to 465. r ""Iet. tl ftt, emeto
#dugettfm fLv. yerI 7srtvnt e 'v2-re #uwe teed for the
Job. T e trwser ft ars ^ thi- J't. Insa fe ?r e m.t

3.=meA The silenmns itl tre4t !" r Cellnsv
all trtx O trr^ -r a utrfent, at l G3?th redoe edwatton
wt maie owetet 1Av fr--p re $t V4tt We yfste xnpoenem.
TBe etaaue isto ia3ly 0t1 3Fas. fthe J(?b rtfitres dtefae.
gtratitn all res of e wQimefnt, rrnWAj. Isa4 nattfst!r an
e







TASLE XXI


ozIsUIWmaON, o s AD ANALA IS u JOB HBD M t BMPI nAM Or FMOR
TRACTo AND lNPLMa CoiPORATI O 8UtS AND SaIVICUS


Sa a a xp
fMIuber fal j a alMrr ,umbwr 0of 2 duation asxpswenaea Leagth
yp of Job a Supla d a iNOw *Ok- : Actull a Aat lorf acmTa
I t DBlanina )aW amo nsdaddedi Ideal a leal st s Tlears
a a a, s gth a s a
II I I I III a I
ommr anger $ 48.a I sIooo 00 Couae 1 5 8 Sa
Ipa0viuor a 1 i 300.00 8s 30.00 a sle a s5 10


Took ivrtw s I1 0.OO f 86.00 1 ul2th OGrde t a 4
Tnctor Opra 3 48.00 .00 0.00a sath Guad a 4 I
Gesnowal umasaMoe 8 40.00 a 58.33 a 4 slIt Grade a a a S
s Bft&es"PO* 2 S 31. a 65.00 a I slOth Gad.e I 6
s uLbor a 4 a 40.00 a 80.00 a 4 1 Th 0l do S 1 B
UnalkU d aboala 1 s 3sU.00 45.0O s S I t it i a a
Sfipp Clfk a 810.00 a 06.00 a ith GnM s t a S 4
Sftesa Squplynt 3 s 17.00 a AU.o0 sl3th Gan t 3 6
prar a 1 a 8O.O0 a 100.00 a l3th Grade 1 S 1 10
S. .. .


*oabe wftib tioiade* non*-Ate m pleasN










ood nslai nohitp. ?hie Jtb ernloyed threee cr4oes.
!Me4 salary rmevt lson ;775. Sc L i V Zl12. a. sekly.


fgSl S&A. lTa jlot) teatuea s npuvt ^N? t"rEn, n*3i-
Itsr pyvta, nt ktevpiae s^t a sPoteor. A tnlXft1th sr.Ae
.AAoetwLn In tag*' at-cl "a five 4e- eWflo3T4AmW mWrs
chatE4artd &L'-io ftr ?thlt job. Taer t e etarzy )rwan ot


jyras. WrtA4naZg tnainnf., wstndterl osttws and
elerint asbtty wrben w tllma If4W wate4 be ti clM fhoL twV
job.

DECKHUxi& ^i, Bi:^, Ar; A^^^X^ MAEl sF 't^OW 7
A'1is AAl :%XilX Ii-CPS

Table XXXX YaNI tZ he- ,fta cti. d&lro aal LaitLU
of Jobe haed bly ieropu s oIt t z &ijAleAltil waldtak t.
uwthinS* ft po. e Addmi tit al inft. ati- .n va'lj -ting Jr be wRe
Xtsti at f tllOws

SW.er. R me. The '^anl3 mnnagen nwrnalnesr the
steo. .vt boksokeefta defl t4rnt a' & io4n -AA4le elatiotle
wokit. te sklls ioted f- tbShta jctb anre te feollvtait
A karelb4g. of falt n; In the velmo .f f balsnan3 ateWity at

enrrIaton of peOEael. A ttfth g~e e t etwi anttr as
&is ywareo *"s-esee In all prts* ,f %t bgslnes wove










rysercwnrod. The taw snletnes of thits Jcb haS Bs arnaIl
rws tary fn*s rf %5,A ^. to tz2Yt,0. The toranm for the
30b to sltfly tenty*-rne ye .

a=gg .^ n. Te btreuivo te ftor this 5th vwon
te aMbillty to mSt ramg t1rntPoprt blue nrPnts, kiEp sto&k
SnM fe neact'.s, 4pste tN noter l S et t*:- It ann 3ea
btam ns. A btvlgft' laa at$t^ .in ir r rert It 3 aw rtSw
*itt- aStr ye9rsz ?ter ae- wetreB r esaeTnde for the j-b4. xts
tl rOm*eW )l fl jilb hew a t W mev wea. or "4333.5
to MV04-t. a fnarttls. y ie o sual tnane fae t.a fJt: ity tIn



inaihniot. This Jeb > tiane p t either' btate or
ren-Bilt. aptopenla. p irseIt of a nEatu a 1U, m"tlliqa
sametine, atl pWrIes, brtPaer, other mtth4A toole sa Mtn
to*e are .ktil rot-alnri t,,r thtS job. A twlaft;, camd
Oadutotw In a neentierx Wo tig4 onoadered laav. The
f et4&4n ust1inst aptieis e6 ie6LT a uslasy useaia Itm
2h5.6 to 4 r WU4 TWtO. Two n voren SW* naeaca
eawwSily. Tai tora4n* for tSta b In eIqg t years.

Yggi -lohis k h rt .,*rethe 4i^ 31X5 t n ldin wit',
seetflene ait *itsoeei wedenr. tlaew sktI lta It~ were
tV ienatirf nfotearst r sal the abtlIty tr' f1t 3iLntr
aivr'v ly# A t"lffth r4* Eawtsation in V ItIo U "lI 3?ol eal










a&1 thre? yea tXwrieens were Ia tg kte a1400e1 for t-o
Jb, te' svna ealoyee c-f thie Job hae r "ae As i alary
of :V26,$-5 t- j3l.245 aatlhy,. ^W sew aSpher is nemdCa
RllyWI. The tawme far ttO 3s Jb ts ausO lly ktht yrIqe.

"A 1" ;g. The satles required in this
Job tnolta c t'e operation ofr ters, broe-ts, ans oeUWr
?ert mIetal toxola. t flwo invQ"a.' the VrMALl of blue-
rwiynte al ataulrte, e0nearBat"Its.. A iPSh s0h4&01 edastx, an
Ia a VesoaSnz ohmst sat tine yueas npartsnm wa*i
WrocmnaBAe for the 3b, thOrt seven eample@As of tAis Job
haNe Afi rn ec In a rfi7r; of 5,6 to 14O. a sit^, -4as
new empaogw is naiaed an!mna2y. the tarwe fitr this jtb
to 1t6il4Y fiTe Wpse.

afs3aw. ThisA J b ib t nlaSte tag' anll types of
offies wErk. A mSn with a hith s9tol e.atUtion and .res
years e-pertnce is Wprtferable to do this job wit an
agricaltatr asnd waohr nial irb okcrand. T7raItnae is L-
ooantinr to ales reta rrnelw d. Th esinglse wloyi haoe
rance i smlfry f o IS to *''I. Cm onttly. The uxsal
toennw c" of* t yo .ea.

KSatta aLs The axbilt in htl s Job roe SIat3lr
to them Ist table XII. T4he oing ontXorse has a "rAge in
esairy of Atl$-cs.C to t' *.so mi thy, e* now ns1aoyoa is










niaeedol rmarsl. A tenth 'erde eueOStirn aed one ysnra
ergieienr e in a voeotitonnrl nh' t WW r tA eOred tidal.

a ForT.be manirs eantn for tha fjob Itm-
alides a h r, e s- I weawttl n in a vocrftir-fl griemtlute
skh o1o, vttt fr- r yirn e-arteane, nstantfol aptitude and
the billtyl tt get 4larcn ttt. Oreti'e. The t-sp %frnrx5 ts
nrepnArdbl for t-'C -ctiUe o" Ve 2 a of the
nC!zamntg. The tc ernloayees of tbits job have a rwnge In
a&lary of t4M.72 to 410.29 wetly, The tnurW flor thit
jbt ito gUrally seven rre.

fmrt aaft Theo aulls and 4attes of thie
jab are asitsUt to those listed In Tblie V. The five aw-
ahit eTa oeoes "e a MWan in a l ays orf WcoS to #$5.to
weakrly, ive ne' amloye-r aLrv needed anaw3lt. An eighth
grSade SduafttEfm n P vaoesltiA-nr' Wrrlaulture ar f. ir years
expnrieaneo %e"e r$oaendled for thIat Jxb. Theo toe-tlr Is
unually five years.

hafxilE fl.s The sktile of tn letjob are
stalair to V m- in i 'bx;'. v Wevw n -tdwito eo-
tol ena mv*e, a rrae In 2rIsry or ',4331 to :i.66 weekly.
tuar nwaf ueplyee)t es are nweedd anw aly. An eSIhth grade
us ttoa an d f?-tw ayes oexp rinee 2er oeonasld 4 red aio
for th job. The senate for th-c Jcb to UgalXly five" Yir.








TABLU XIII


Dinulafwr, Dmins


AND AIUWAM$ wOr J M" W SM PI 07YS FV AGICULtWL
WALDIIM AND wACan SBODP


I st 1 I I
sNuasibr ,Slta a !m lew of s zdA t tapersmoes Isth
Type of Job Srmplpyed I sew WU s*k- Atu l s Act l e to TSW
Ia aa1niS Itxlme sns IMeded. dIeal Idesl a
2 S A a -

moslar mIoTS 2 a. ,s 00..w. 8,250.04t. icoaoct i1 ,
omer Opwntor 3 a 5,333.33s T,000.00o t i1th Gnda a t 10
I ftioy r S i

wld 7 s24.sW 3s3.2 1 stth rande S 3 S
Sheet potau We~r t 7 1 240,00 413.00t 1 dtath Osdo s t
20016049M I 1 1 230.000 SMASNia slioh sboots a # S
IMal aellW* s 1 1 .S00s a0.003 1 sloth sGrades$ 1 I I

It I i i I t III" $I 1I- L
Sabp lreman t 2 na 03t.09: aUtb, =Onrde 4
GeeOait Msaeto* t 0 so.oo00s SaAt 98 m i adne I a t 4
Muaatfd Labe"s 7 43.338 a1.0s 4 1 th Oafdt a 4 s 9
S11 I '


*Je Alok iacote ndac-Slift employs












4tOjrit.1 ;N.AsZ3 CtP-NY

table X3V adowas the d4trtibutAn, ahtles Rsu analysis
of Jbs hMld by ?mpl'rews of p f rtlEzer and Waol04 o*aesiy.
fddltlel in tltfismttioon veriyUg Joa w.us list as folleves

OKI" a amafl The jacb of Sb l varncer lnrt&antd
w ?^kW- t4V fmt Ow" a o3 ttn r fetrtlilir. Th1 abilistte
nPiragpd wrse a kanowege of rert Iliusr, 3etia, oltrae
gs*tale 3a. *rthVor aepaletenle tW mfatmat pla *alte-
m.aship. "le 6Aih? ttv wl-t-f >frkv: 10 ^.rr nt;. If:
tbensn for Vis ,Job ts umalljy sfwL a yrvs. A ole
iueuStion *ad tChrie yerrs roexpefrlnna nVt attatact- sy.
'm vie mtw tmsi e Ia thtis jb tase a manwg in nsfery of
50c.U to 3 t.c.ct atathil

anr& FMWa*. The121 tarew for te Job La eOU-t
yeaoP. A tolftii egraoe education and fotyr jeans npErsenae
wVre f*aOsft tor the job. The Oepla3oye hSI a SOUge la
Salery of ^2d.6 to t.&CL per month. Toh 'enirnl fore-
asu we* in shtrt'e of th cixil: l yl O annA Was expweta to
oeIratnt the he pln in the bhentoe of the suwprtntenfent.

i # naa Tmdtle mupelrtaln4nt to in shrawo of
aln plant opeiracina, It ltw'ltnt *nlft3ding matartslae,








TASL XIV


DImfsltwMnlo, owIsS AID AMLS I. JO BS Ms BYw EWIBWS Or A
rPEcMaiL AND -i CCWMPA


I M ame in a NtiMws of I adc.ucation y3smarial Lagth
Typ of Job Ba Ja1yd I I sew Wafg- s Actual Aetufal sot Tans
Ss elliain*s alnt sees NMootds Idml a Ideal a Ain
[ [--t i i- -a t--n UA-
t I onM y I3
anug ua~ear I s$ ? 3flo00o 0a9 o.0 ,Co13a a1 0

n&eLal Feim 1 200.00 t 300.00 It sl2th pa t 4 3 8
S1 8 1 31

Si I I
LU mtiet h S.. a ... 14 ..0 a a p 1
S a 8 a a
I $ 8 8
I~E. I llII II I I I15J I L 't II I 1


Joab WUi tacludn man-hits emtH3mnt










0p"s"tng ths plant 0n 1 "i"wiang fortilvts, The Megatre*
Pnmta f.r t V* yb tncloads frulrattan fortgiiser ia rtnm e
ouerSn;tangr tobewyR, ospfttlIg etwhi4nry tf-t rnina the
ps-nt It gnenel. Tbe alary remre for thln Job to
3 .1 <. t* Z5-,-.t0 nathl3. A oluse edwstnticfn eat tf-
sn yares xePricanot ware rooi-mndSad fr the jtb. Zhe
Wasi teant Ia twenity-ons yoirae.

ItIAMJi J alak M The a skinltd lsabofnrt erforn ai
tyqne of aasoftS tobep twavoe lv S Nftlster anstootuem.
Th* 3b eare d dnne b7 t- &' (oita memloyet i t- yP in
anr @ or ,7 to ^l.i.'r hwr. KI ?AtV. 7rdpo twasrtl n
eand n y-rs r eTpriewee were a9wrtoed for th. $jb. ile
uweal toenw ftor the Job to fuo ye"ro.

nMM*?IBTw cTXtis sA u Arwa- r or ntncr-" W?



Uable W ho"ws the dlqtrTiuti'0n, ,uuios n,? inizyalse~
of Job, ho24 by mpliyees of a &s.d anw saei opwetitA.
AI:tAI at. tnt- r t an rMW ? rog a.- 1w2 Uaste aq tofl-
loes

Qlur 1 aThe avm r orf thiA sttm wmrvs as
anoFMw eaWt bSokkeop aWad ae1 sas ome rat ot wott. ae job
WaouteS a# fna I 1&an-4*ee ofr seaa,'i feeds, feltsilasX,










l-ABL XV


DIStIBUT1w, WDUs AD A NALYSNIS JBs MaW 1 UWWisa RS A
Bm MB AND AIEUS OPWAATfIK
COMA"T


S I I I
s, f t ,, W i ,3 .t ,


t t t
I t I s
skllU Laborer 1 s 1.00 1.32s Tath Orade a 3 1 10

UV sah 13d Lb W s .6ti 1.00s sixth Gand 1 i 4
E 3 I I 3
$4$ S ^ ^ ^ ^ s i i 1'- '. ,ii, i'


*Job *5*M iomludes men-ite employmat










y*yse axMd 4aati. The Jfb lso Pwi inre bySig ana enla-
tnt ability ad tie skilled nees-*ry to ke twow r A. The
wnnce in atlay for Vthts Job to trw i4,5 t,.c to -6,eO.Oto
annmw ty. A tvweflt; grae Ieuestion eAd twelve years tst-
pwrtMnc wrf 11StV aS satSprfantoryn. 11e uae-l Itsur LSa.
natnetea years.

MEI Int. SgOe wusu I teamr for thle job It tUe
years.A. en4teh 'rle atdau tin and thren yneaS e4aettn
vwor r saomstssd ter this Jb. AtO 4atis ato ths $4 tsa-
Sw2lu alskWa sale. writing WuAt-4t, PiVnirW edvie OA
s-te msblSrm rn' keer in cEmomEnts. thwe< lttry ranaees
froms ;3.c to O,3 ser hour.

htakllen WWja The tutts of title Job inetnlui
all kawsl- taWbor arom in tse onntin UOblQ "r i1o Vin.
aiew? maltinSj ,sr -'n truc-^ ^ te -rtn %or thlSu3 job to
utmently fP- yarst. A si xth r ti e u 'nt o a n ngI yfir
*smerionc we"e ii tW ts eot.a 2 The five aomet-ttse e a
nl ayes k1?we n0 mlty rwgie of 4.6?5 to tl,00 per howar.

-iX11t5tl.lt-, 1T -1% M 4AlC$iS "'7 (, LCY;i. T iN
BAULtI4 AAI 2G tf"At- tZGtUC*K

tanbl XXVI bove the diitretbuttn A`utiuel and aalysits
o? J040 hblb t4 e;-ic l te Of aUlir; aogriotuteus pprWsaes




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs