The Outlook

Material Information

The Outlook
Goldson, P.S.W. ( editor )
Place of Publication:
The St. John's Literary Society
Publication Date:
Vol. II. No. 3
Physical Description:
32 pages


Subjects / Keywords:
Belize ( fast )
History ( fast )
serial ( sobekcm )
statistics ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:

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Source Institution:
Belize National Library Service and Information System
Holding Location:
Belize National Library Service and Information System
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Full Text
C4 quarter-i C-Maazine published by
Belize, British Honduras.
-: ST. GEORGE'S CAYE DAY ISSUE :Gods goodness gave to me,
lb honourp4nd to love;
O'er all the earth there's none so free,
Say those who leave this cove,
This noble spot makes me rejoice,
So rich and rare it be:
This fruitful land, this blessed choice,
onduras, broad nd free!
God's godness gave this land to me,
To honour and to love;
O'er all the erththere's none so free,
Though every nook you rove.
Our hearts are small, and I rejoice
The lot has come to rme
In a fair ground, this faery choiceHonduras by the Sea!
-Edward Yorke
2nd Year of Publication

The S. J. L. S.
The Pen i mightier than. the Sword.
President-Fouder (co lfav e) E. D. Eusey Vice-President
C. P.Cacho Secretary
fS.Clark- Ltrarv Adviser
A. A. Maler So-cial Crrespondent
J. B. Arnold Spcal Correspondent (c are2i
N. A,. Lainfiesta 'Mmber of Comnmittee
P. S Campbell Mebner of Committee
R. McSweeney Custoda
P. S. W. Qoldson on leave)
As-ociate Editors:
Advisciy Board
J. L. Blackett E D Eusey
A.S. Grant B.S. Clark
Address correspondence to: The Editor, The Outlook, P.O Bcx 9Z2, Belize, B. H.- All article,;, Stories, poems, etc. appearing in Tle ~ Outlook can be copied by arrngemn4t wAith the E~ditors.
Suhscripton: Belize, 50c. Early.
Outside Belize: 55c. (3s) Yearly, $1.00 (5s)' Twoc Veafly.

-: Eto'rial :
Responsible Government
T EPONSIBLE-Government is the necessary foundation for
efficient action in the economic and political spheres of any subject people striving after a democratic way of life. There can be no doubt, then, that responsible-rule should be a primary goal of British Honduran politics. The actions of our political parties and of our politicians should coincide in a prolonged optimistic campaign to increase our present political power.
If we glance at the 1935 Constitution Ordinance we observe that the existing conditions for the raising and spending of the Colony's revenue rests, essentially, with His Majesty's Representative, arnalsurd arrangement'in that the economic progress of 6o,000 eoopople depend on the goodwill and intelligence of a single individual with limited direct contact with the people.
The economic dangers of the existing political situation are the permanent upkeep of avenues for topheavy taxation and unbusinesslikeexpenditure, and the hobbling of efforts by our representatives at guiding our financial destiny. The political dangers
- growing out of the existing financial farce are the postponement of responsible government and the hesitation of local politicians to explore sustainedly, avenues for the economic, political and culturalexpansion of British Honduras.
It remains, then, for our politicians, especially ,ur representatives in the Legislature, to invite public expression and guide public thought on all questions, and to convince His Majesty's Government, by tendering expert advice and conscientious proposa ls, that we arecapable of ruling ourselves.
Unless we achieve an appreciable measure ofself-rule early, the pssibility of participating in a Britishb West Indian Federation remains an absurd goal, and this, ithbe only means to a better, sustained culture, will either be postponed, or become an unwield. ly re dlity. *
The value of Federation-and of self-government-is brought into sharp relief by the knowledge that New Zealand with a population of less than two million enjoys autonomous government, a worthy benefit denied in general to the three million-odd inhabitants of the British West Indies.

Rcsponsible-governnent, in the economic and p oli t ical
spheres is essential for each aspiring member to a federation of the British Caribbean Colonies, for the material pirdgress and political evolution of such a uion must depend on the contribution of each unit And the required contribution and co-operation of each colony can be ensured by nio better medium than by initial formsof autonomous goxernmerA in the various colonies.
One hundred and forty-eight years ago problems affecting
the welfare of British Hoinduras were decided in Public Meetings
the~~~ ~ welar ofi aits f o
by public votes of the people themselves. Let us then on this anniversary of the Battle of St George'sCaye dedicate ourselves
S Farewell Message
It is with a great sense of in- pation of their beloved count y.
debtedness I write you before leave I go forth from this place realizSfor England. ing how much I owe to you; realizI am indeed grateful to the ing what a band of love, companS.J.L.S. for its continued support ionship and enthusiasm las been all through these war years and I forged in the fire of perseverance am proud of every member of the and rebuff. Society. And now, I rou that yo
I admiregreatly thedevelo sto a
of the young men who ha strive to asir to unwon virtues
privileged to associate t star with your
with the Society and Ir py g owns, go forward to ful,with the Society and I. prayiy~s
they will never swerve from t e your noble destiny as the Bay path of duty or flinch from t~ men of old fulfilled theirs. Gbd be fiery rod, but stand firm in unity with you till we meet again and purpose for the further emanci- The President, SJ-L.S.
* *

Archives of the S. J. L, S.
SP'H E June m~eetig,,,f the St. The Building Commritteereot
jjohns L~iterary Society took, ed tentative plains for a Building
t4he form of a quiz evening. Fund. Tle Constitution CornmnitSThe winners were 'Associate Editor tee re-ported that the final draft of L J1 I, A. Richardson (ist), Associ- the Constitutioni wol"oon be ate Editor H, E. C. Cain and Liter- "tencilled. TheJuly meeting of te S.J.LI., Editor Goldson1 whohashe(en tranis~aturedsotatclsb hmm fereto Punta Corda Townan
bers, including S:cletaryv C. p. thiat Vice-presideiut Eric D.Eusey CXrchios "If I Wete-ua City Council- ac o h etof 1946 for Presilor Custdian R. MICSweney's dent J. L. Blackett, on study leave.
th dea f BitislvWest Indian During the pa-st qu~krter members
ITiversity" Acting Editor L, 1, A. who pedfor med no tably in wNidely R'ichardons ",Some Steps to Self- different spheres we re Ernest
'% ern te1t", Actinig Special Corres- Trapp, Circulation Manager, "Lose i ndent A, A. Mahier's "Leisure St. Mary's Gitl Chjoir gave a splenf~ ens and President JL.did farewell concert in honont of akt' The Spirit of Vour their rector and his wife, Venerable
Sie." Arlecon R. A. F.Pratt and Mrs.
Iernem who were congratula.ted Prtt ctino g Editor Richardson
he 'il this meetings were Sere A l come the official British
'" vcaho arid Editor Cain on their Honiduran Correspondent for sevCivil Service promotions (the latter 2er lirnprtant West Indian magaiiiem~er has be.en awarded a pos zi'esand newspapers; and~ Philip S. as Secn Cls Clerk on probation) Catupbell, TIIniher of Committee, and1 -M. ~opold 'Flwers who has whose majestic musi is be inDg beeua appointed th Acting,, Superin -U' jultto cormnity choirs under intenident at St. Nry'S Sunday 'tes -ices of L Ioyal and Patri,)chool. otcOde fte Baymnen.
S.J.L.S. Fetes Its Prsidnt-Founder
N Tan informal party Thursday, *,Opening the meeting at 8.45, Vice~August T, twentv-one memibers- President Eric D. Ensey (Secretary
of the St. John's ,i t er a ry 1941-1945), congratulated the Pre'Societv, founded in 1941 by MT. J. sident on his success and cojinpliL,. I3Iacket,44.C.P_, a distinguiishaed merited him on his leadership, perBarb adian scholar, fetedl him on h s sonalityv and initiative and assured obtaidiNga British Council scholar. Limi thbt the S .L. S. would never ship. .cease 44ive up to his expectations,

would remain alive, alert and pro- elegantly ph aed by Mr. A.S. Grant gressive though Blackett-less and one of the original ard most actiNe reminded him that he was an am- members of the Society and a ved bassador for Britihh Honduras, a close friend of the President pride of Barbados and an advertise- Rev. Gerald Fairweather, a guest meant for the S J. L. S. of honour, who had arrived late in
Branstan Clark's violin rendition the evening, sounded high praise of Cavatina was enthusiastic liv for Barbadou and a great appreci-'*. applauded and served as the pre- tio for Mr. Blackett, encouraging lude to a few minutes of lusty group the S.J.L S. to do all in its power singing. to maintain the standard and influ.
After the songs, Associate Editor ence of The Outlook and to PreCain recited Longfellow's eloquent serve its present unity and corrade poem The Day is Done to a highly ship. appreciative audience. Rev. Fairweather's interesting
SThe Acting Editor in his speech talk was followed by brief speeches otined the efforts the S. J. L. S. of congratulation, farewell a nd should make to ensure cultural and promises of S. J. L. S it
political progress for the colony and and progress from Mr. B stan called for greater co-operation Iro Clarke the musical Liti Ad the Society in all things that tended Viser, and from Mr. Fred A sby to the advancement of British Hon-.. duras. In his farewell address o he
Mr. Lewin Moguel, a former em S. J. L. S., Mr. Blackett anked her of the Society thanked the de- the company for its compliments parting President profusely for and for its enthusiastic friendliness, founding the S. J. L S. and his which had entertained ard inspired guidance of it to a mature life, him for so many years Continuing,
After Mr. Moguel's short speech, hie charged the SJ. L. S. to cotoasts were proposed by Messrs tinue its steady pward trend as Philip S. Campbell,member of Com- unified culture) force in British mittee, Reuben McS Honduras and s living, forceful
dian, and Keith F. Clarke. re der that with little much can
The members then settled down often be achieved and maintained. to a lively round of singing that in After this truly inspiring and eluded a new swing tune augh eloquent address tbe group broke ing on the Outside, Crying on the into the warm hearty strains of For In-ide" and the old favourite "Old Re's a Jolly Good Fellow and McDonald Had a Farm". ended with a lusty, if somewhat ad
While partaking of tasty pas- libbed, Version of Rome, Sweet try, the Society's able Secre- Holde. A fitting climax to two tary, Mr. Cornelius Cacho, read the hours of optimistic clear-cut talk, official congratulations which ha informal chatter and delicious food.

The Ar(;hives of llritiA, 110ndUraS tUnfOjd a dramati',LC
Prelude To B3at tle
By Li3hRiCh~IIP'S0n
TN October 1790, Grenville, the ment's magistrates letter of NOvemjcretary of State, in a dispatch her, 179,5 arnd informed ilctheita
to Colonel Hunter tihre Superin- his fleet could not perform half (f
tendenit of the Settlemnent, known its assigned tansl-s, let alone aiding
then& as Blize, advised him to'con- them.
duc inesv sing to learn, After urgent note-s had been -sent
both te designs and the streng-th to him, however], lie dispa tched o~f the Spaniards in the vicinity of Captain Guein at ,tbe end of JuItly the Settlement arnd to inform the 1796 to the Sett lent on a topr o
orof -Jamaica accordingly;
halowarnied Hunter, to defend -*On July i8,179, mragistrates.
th etlement if any need arose in understand able panic urg~d Lord
an promil l him provisions to be Balcarres, th( Gov Tor of Jamaica,
-istributedfree to the defenders; to send mlilitary aid: thi' Ste~ll
-ut to be sold in case Anglo-~ would not he 'able to w ithsta' 4 a parish relations were smoothedl. sea attack; there was food for oily)
Less than a fortnight later, in one mouth mnore; the available '
Noveber. a Whitehall --,)respoii boats, in the event oIf evacuation dec bade Hunter cea~e alde- cod otevacuate more tha n a
'fil ne maures as the internal third of the1'1500 Settlers; ifthey P~ontcisis ad been a~'erted 7- had received the indemnity of DurngNovember, too, the Gov- f.-5o,ooo proise- d to th-m for the
ernor of Yucatan complained to 'Spanish rape of T779 they would
Hute bout the' 4lockhous~s lie h ave been able to use i i mobilizhoderete an-ofn nglish ship ing an armed force~ 000oo blacks
he adsn -o spy'o a Spanish in addition to the freemen and'
station. Hunter promp~tly replied, masters, tbey said.
tt these masures weedirect,., hre~e months later they sent to
rtaliato a against thle S~ai~d,,.. 4kimfor the powder and small inciting the slaves belonging to te' a rms lie had shipped. The Public Settlers to desert and to, comit~ Neeting, however, pointed out that aon. altt i yas defence was nigh hopeless: they
For lmot sx yarsafterward's were surrounded: and could Dot diplomaticatc relations between the provide the impe:-ative means of Settlemnt a.nd Yucatan seemed 'defence; they were further weakpassably peaceful, but on M~arch ened by the alarming interruption~ 179q6, a letter from Rear Admiral of the wood trade,, due to .tbe William Parker, stationed in Ju- French war, and the existence of 'tmaica, acknowledged the Settle- inflation, due to unscrupulous nier-

chants. The upshot was that many A Public Meeting, held in May, settlers wished to stay and fight, established fines against all persons others wished to evacuate to Ja- who, taking advantage of an inmaica, and the remainder wished discriinate permission by the to evacuate to the Mosquito Coast. Superintendent that the settlers Any of these plans, they indicated, could return to th e i r mahogany would require his assistance. operations, contrived to dodge both
That letter must have convinced work and defence duties It was Batcarres, for ouDecember 7, 1796, decided that two-thirds of the fines he dispatched Colonel Thomas collected would be distributed aBarrow, a war-toughened majorto mong the poorer mobilized Settlers the Settlement to organize the On June ist, a Public Meeting
Settlers and treat with the Span- decided to stay and fight and at iards. He arrived on the last day of once established martial law. 1796 in a dramatic climax to the In a Public Meeting. 'eld in the anxious era. Court House five days later, BarroW
On January I, 1797, Barrow in- posed two questions: the metods troduced himself to the magistrates of defence; the form of government officialy. On the 17th, he reported that would be established lowi to Balcarres that the Spaniards, a successful defence. before his arrival, had seized three That meeting broke up n disor vessels and the Settlers had been on der as hotheaded Thomas aslow moved a causticresotutioiaal constant guard at Belize and at the moved caustic resolute all Haulover, a mouth of the Belize who had voted forevacuatio should ~River, some five miles distant from be asked to db so within given the town He also stated that a time or forfeit their citizenship. The captured Spanish officer swore that next day, however, the eating rean outbreak of hosilities between sumed with a smaller m mbership, the mother countries had occurred due no doubt to Paslo's disturbon October 7, 796. Barrow men- ing presence. tioned lastly that there was little The adjourned session voted that artillery or food. the existing and regulations
Barrow, true to his Wrd, called would be thease of any future ada series of Public Meetings. ministration. It also decided that
Eleven Meetings were held be- half the slaves in the Settlement tween February and mid-June -797. would be immediately mobilized. These sessions decided, generally, On September 26, the Irish Brigthat every able-bodied man in the ade and the artillery company toSettlement was to be mobilized; gether with arms and ammunition martial law was instituted; the and si:months provisions for 120 Settlers were persuaded in May to m'irtived from Governor Balcarhelp feed the Merlin's crew in or- res. A few days later the Settlers der to retain it as part of their disbanded' and resumed their logarmded forces. ginp erations but prepared them-

elves for emergency mobilization. the buildings, presumably, being
Barrow, October 1, 1797, inform1- provided by public subscription. ed the magistrates that only 124 of Now that the main defence of the the o troops senti were available Settlement had been decided upon, or action on the wide fronts the several Public Meeting were held. Settlement possessed; 25 ha vi g Their decisions included the mobilidied, chiefly of yellow fever, 65 be- zation of every able-bodied freeing ill from undisclosed causes. He man, master, and sla e; the offer of called for a force of some OT20 men, pay to serving slav s; the posting slaves presumably. Two days later of small forces at/Haulover and the magistrates reportedthat the Black Creek; the plan to evacuate Settlers refused to release their all women and children to the upper slaves for defence unless they were reaches of the Belize and Sibun reasonably recompensed. Rivers; and the placing of the inThis seems to have ended the fantry under Barrow, the makeshift military preparations of 1797.- fleet under Captain Moss of the In January 1o798, a Public Meet Merlin.
ing sent out four boats, each with a The inevitable indecision a n d drey aud a crew of ten, to guard tirniditywasannoying;soannoy ing, key approaches to the Settlement. in fact, that on July 21, 17 8, Moss
A few days later Balcarres pro- threatened to weigh anchor if y the mised a detachment of the 6th next day definite plans had not
(oloured) West Indian Regiment been decided. He spurred the and advised that the Settlement Settlers and they decided to extend se 1Privates from among its martial law, prohibit the sale of
Slaves. 'These slave- soldiers liquor during martial law, a n d vere to be paid as British soldiers actually razed, on September 4, the and were to be freed when hostili- buildings and other facilities at St tes ceased; Balcarres also suggest- George's Caye to p t it, beuntrveneis
ed that if thereere no volunteers coming a base for a successful s to each free- enemy force. The owners who
man, white or coloured,who joined lost 2,650 worth Of property were, up and slaves were to be bought at presumablv, recompensed, as pro7o each, and, presumably, berat- mised, from public funds. ed when hostilities ended. All historical authorities ~and
Although slaves were not available evidences po i n t to a
raised, many free negroes had join- physical contest, presumably naval, ed up; after somehesitationSettlers -at St. George's Caye in or about began releasing their slaves foir ser- September, I798, and both Guatevice; within a matter of days the mala andMexico'join British Honidea of buyingslaves was dropped. durasin declaring that this contest Meanwhile the 6th WestIndians hhad ad been the last attempt to decide arrived and had been housed at the possession of what is termed, Newtown Barracks, the site, and disputedly, a natural province of.
, ~ .A

the two Latin republics. to the resolution of the Public MeetFollowing the alleged naval en- ing of June 6th, 1797, Barrow adgagement a greater Spanish force dressed the Settlers, advising the was reportedly formed at Bacalar e e c t i o n of a Police Magistrate but there is no mention of any at among the (to him, unwieldy systack by it on the Settlement and at tern of elective magistrates) magis April 25, 1799, the re comes an trates that by their custom would abrupt, significant end to military be set p for the new term. His correspondence in connection with suggestion was heeded; six magisthe Settlement, due either to the trates and one police magistrate withdrawal or disbanding of the were elected as the administrative Bacalar force. body for the Settlement at the
And on March 4, r8oo, a sequel dawn of the nineteenth century.
The St. George's Literary League Magazine
When World War II broke out, League Magazine. Suppo ting ac
thousands of loyal West Indians counts of the societies whi comanswered the call of Freedom and prise the league are article, which shared fully in the most daring cx- make interesting reading tlrouglploits of theEmpire's fighting setr out the Caribbean. vices. Miss M.L. (Grenada and 5ome of
Comradeship in arms brought Its Problems) speaks for many West
horne to minds, strangely insular Indians. "We need men who are the fundamental sameness of all fearless and who are since. M I men. West Indians found that no who will not only mak b speeches matter which island they ca I I e d but who will get into tion also, home, there were generally the sa ie and endeavour to do somethin problems to be faced, the sarne about thesethings." hopes and aspirations.
Back hone, too, enli tet Discussing th eed a o
pta a- in our education'
was evolving. "ThaUsefil vs. he Ornamental
From the colonies, one after, an- ".
Side of Life" concludes "It is essenother, came literary magazines of tial theeforethat the sooner civiliregoeonal significance, awakeig a a or oe t the fact that first national concept of West Indi hingmust be first- that intrinsic
life and thought. Predominantly thin .nust. be fi-at inrini cultural, these magazines have con- t predominate err
tributed much to the preparation lues,.the better de
for the inevitable federation of the individual--the commnity-t h e West Indies.
One of the newest voices in this Balancing the literary contribuc u I t u r a I and literary forum is tions are quizzalogues and several Grenada's St. George's Titerary well-written poems.

- True Patriotism
By A. S. Grant
NCE again as we approach the country Everyone seems to be willtenth of September, our minds ing to sit at ease and let the serious Sturn to the subject of Patrio- part of life go by in this land of tism and the many ways in which Lotus Eaters. it is expressed Have we demonstrated- PatrioWe have seen the glamorous cele- tism in any form other than gaiety? rations of the 1920's a n their sud- Celebration on a large scale is den change to the pre-ent ebb fd- planned for this year's St. George's lowing the hurricane of 1931 and Caye Day, and behind it is the new the depression. Today we hear of lv formed Loyal and Patriotic plans to revive the good old days; Order of the Bayumen. Comment ad some are elated at the ver3 on thisOrder is gathering impetus,
thought. The decorated cycle s, and many wonder if it wi flow in buildings, floats,the parades of so- the rut of pomp and vanity. Its cieties and school children, the doz- Amethod of recruiting followers so e or more dances which surround far has been blocking off the city the Tenth, all strike a most pleas- into "Houses" though I under stand ing chord in our imagination.. that the wholesale enlistment of
These we think are a propel de- existing social bodies ispermissible. stration of our patriotism and In y view, the latter is the more eestrue patriots w e we desirable method.
dance in thedawn, toast our fote- What 'e need is not the flaring bears in spirited glas-es or march up of a glamorous fancy bubble to proudly th ,ou g h the principal adorn the Tenth of September, 1946
streets. and then disappear until another
There is nothing wrong with such Tenth.
merry-making; we should pay tri- What we need is the affiliation of bute to those who gained the land all existing s o al organizations in which we ive; the Tenth of Sep- wic i havestood the test of time, in tember gives us an yearly opprt- workable movement,co-or nity to present addresses of loyalty donated p imarily for Naticnal Ser to King and Country. vice, the onlyforn of demonstroBut how light-hearted we are: in~g tru p triotiQ~. After sevpleasure is the only means bI which ing one country--and only thenalmost all of us try to sho our can we proudly stage all the p'lmp patriotism. .and parades that drums anid trumAll the parades and other Matdi pets can support.
Gras seem childish ,id superficial Sf long as we contime to sit at so unsupported are they by a man- ease while the British taxpayer helps ly and determined will to serve the us, insteadof workigtothe utmost

ike men to improve. our homeland, nessed together and the entire youth so log as we exhibit or patriotism of this 'colony stand shoulder to merely by frivilous- parading and shotilderin oneation-wideMQ~gaiety, we shall continue to be look- merint with itgalthe building of ed upon as unweaned children b'y the country. theworld or as co ceited content- And, is #ot iln to. take tip ed beggars on a showy parade. the task? I knowdi f several; a The Order of the Baymnnhas an Guide catiise a~ ~j 0
opportunity to make itself rqnown- donie by. men, asserted 'that h ed, It must cotUcentrate on that could get her Guides to do it. part of its objects which dedicates Here and ther-the will to work' it to N ational Service. It m u s t exists and with' poper high~ om I create and nurse'the will to work commarid with i~npiing adie
amrgits personell Its Leaders swinging leader, ,a LoyalandPti
mu tmrlystatebad f otic Volunteer Labour Order of the'
afisinprouid sinecure and direct, Bavmen can give us the s p ort sj
u -rfollwers wonder if tht chief fields, race tracks and othe public
wou14 imself do' what hie orders 'utilities our finances- cannt
othri -t do. Leaders must n~o' Then may we proudlytli o
merely follow, they must pushi. '~only how many braudishin of a I dream of the day when allexist.- flg but also bow miany )~ssv iug social organizations will be bar- viiebour Patriotisn isW wthor
Familiar Seene 'B 'Philip I'humnbles 7
Des?'6,red to Please, PEducate and Entertin
HEweek of te Teit,80 1111( us celebration committee.
member is full of merry ex I 1 1 Secretarv of th~e Cetal ment and pleasant confusiojn Coitiee., -the Enrjt-alet in the diuppy household, Being a Coi~ee be De-oratio Comloyal and patriotic c i f i z e n, M mittee, heIlluinated andDe 11-luppy abandons his Ipilv visits to 'corated~ A'e'ides Committee, chairHuppyvifle and devotes himself m-an~of the Dtinner for t~e eed-, exrclusively to the celebration of the Commi~ittee, the Dinner ff h n Colony'sNatioiial Day. F~rnida .n netj-'Q Carnmittte, the ,dns to dusk he is in deep ConsUlraitij Tr-, Iin;tt ee, aid 'm oPf with mother loval and 'p at'r io t ic so,'many mother Comittp, U h l adies and4 gentlemen wbo' form th has 1ost coun of' e:aio-~

Committees meet at one and the would be impossible for us,in the same time at his house 'to decide limited time and space at our disamid prolonged and profound dis- posal, to recount with what degree cu(ssion what shouldn't be done, of pardonable pride in his celebratad bhow it shouldn't be done: to ed ancestor, himself and his gifted the complete bewilderment of Mrs. offsprings, the little man conveys Huppy Who cannot get a moment himself home afterwards, or the with her busy little husband except depth of profundity in the' lecture when he dashes in for a hurried he delivers to Mrs. Huppy On the meal during which he begs her to great deedsof departed Huppys. remember please to brush his lodge As the great day approaches Mr
it as he will be marching with the Huppyand hisco~nimitteesintensif procession on the Tenth until it their efforts at accomplishing noreaches Government House when thing Thereisinuch coming and
he will go up with the Hon. Sidney going and figuring and measurB to present the Address of ing and coming to decisions which
Ly.alt... everybody knows .ill never be carA day or two before the Tenth, tried out. And Mr Huppy steals a the whole family, except is. little time off from his dutieS to Hrppy, attends the Patriotic Pub- take the children and their mother lic \Jeting Here Mr. Huppy de- to see the fire-pumps parade and tie f e%% re pups
liers a stirring patriotic address the fir rk display on the Ninth t)ir B3avmin Fathers" in the 1.. but a British Honduran ca
course wich he info ms the experience those pleasurable feel gathering that there ,:as one Pet f excitation as the rising sun ppy at the Battle of St. Ge rge 's heralds the arrival of the great day! Caye, who to-d beside the yIiant The fmilv rises with the sun, and Thomas Pbelow and echoed the throughout the country nmerous
famous battle cy"Yarbotongh O other families are rising too, and Fingarico" whI c outstanding throughout the City Lumerous deed of vocality has been a source other families are hurrying to atof wonder, inspiration and deep tend the Friendly Societies parade, gratitude to the descendats of the ich will Muster at seven o'clock hardy bayman; Conscience v on te attlefield; and numerous
Pudence sing "Sons of Honduras" other young ladies and their mamas so movingly thatthe "Sons" pre- are running around with pins in sent aremoNved to vociferous ad their mouths, anrd hands in their miration, and little Hugh Huppy, hair, and putting on each others exhibiting at the tender age of eight things, and filling the air with the loyal and patriotic zeal of his powder and perfume, and bobbing public-soirited father, carries off and weaving before mirrors, and the prize in the Juvenile Literary looking to see whosedresses are too Contest for the best essay on short and whose slips areshowing, "Yothful Baymen ofTodav". It just as Conscience and Patience

and~ their ~uman are doing now: their hovely white dresses, and their anid many 'respectable gentlemen high-heeled shoes safely buckled, are moving around inl slippers, arid then all hasten away for the pro-an~jcient dark trousers held up by session. braces, and not finding things All roads (as tl-e newspapers like wic~h are, right before their eyes to say~lead to the Battlefield this adshaving. too fast and cutting morning; along the roads are an themsel% esjust as Mr. Hluppy is ever-incereasing aggg1omeration of doing now. hunian beings; the uslually, s t id
"How does it- look."' asks Xlr. fronts of shops, stores, offices, and
Huppy, prsenting himSelf before private dwellings display an amaziswife an~d two daughter--, dressed ing profusion of flags, buntings arid~
ia long blac-k top hat, bIa c k human heads.
scissors-tailed coat and black trou- The-Battlefield is still baeexep sers, and looking precisely like a for the Grand Marshall a~nd his tw" o very scared ple-I1r4. gentleman, deputies, who pace solemnly back "$Vou look just like Stan Laur~el, and forth onq three bony structures oiv shorter;" exclaim1s Prudence possessing to a reinarkail sanall whc' is an ardent admirer OfC the ,extent the appearance ofhois. Great cornedian.' it is doubtfuli and] exhibiting to a remarkale de whether Mr. Iuppy has any- clear gree the docility )f mules.~ idea as tp who Stan Laurel is, but' The Town r Clock boomssEvni fie fleverchel('ess; beams, delighted ait miew~uTed soleminityo as i"aii the comnplimient, and as Consciene time and example from the Mr-~ s ys immediately afterward. '',Let salls. .Afaint sound is heard Oil Inue help you oilwith %our sah, the airaqnd all e yes look in l d i-ecK7 papa, dear", le stands conjlaent- tions and behold waN iu aoft te ly before the haillnirradcn approaching banners of atIn
templates himself in, all his glorN-, Friendly Soc:ietieF. Heethiicomek XhIle his two) fair duhesrae from everyfquarter: GTand Unitte
h is parti-coloured~ sash acwross iwi Orde <, Aucienlt 0 reSLoyal 01and arrange anA'reaxrta'ci te de. s bciatiois Soi i e s,
th-ir satisfaction: anoeraticii Lego whatj an amazing miulti*which, to judge from the anius fomiy human beings! Old ifien knitting of fair brows, and t~eandf w' en ljOying their last parnumerous stoopings and piningis adeby an'irls who can scaicelv and pursuing of fair lips, gave thow understn -wa ti l about: and two young ladies a great deal' of inw btween al the stages of human trouble.j life. A d ozen band- dressed in dif..
But at last all is ready. The sash fe~ntcolurfl uniforms and head-, is arranged to ,;atisfi-ction, The ed by tall gesticulating directors, ladies take one Ilast look in the lead tbe nrches. As tlieV cWmV(e mirror to make sure thaf their blu onteBttlefield and combine in
silk regali ate Iproperly. set across Continued on page 171

Prize-winning essay, Open' Division,
St. George's Caye Day Literary Competition, s 945
Sone Reflections on the Battle of St. George's Caye
By Leigh cRichardson
H ISTORY cannot furnish episo- pork-and-dough-boy pi k e s; the des more thrilling, adventures smashing fists of Baymen, their more epic, dangers more tre- strangling hands, the biting, claw ,ndous than those of the Baymen. ing, tearing fingers. Outnumbered, outflanked, outarm- And through the empty silence of ed, they braved a century of defeats the years, I hear bold Paslo's tries; and threats and wiles with nought and the sentiments we echo now but tough bodies, courageous wills, Those cries, those swords, those
adinferior weapons. sabres, those pikes, those fists "disAnd tercame-Climax! charged their great trust",
In 1797 Public Meetings decided Methinks I see a bloody Bayman to face the armedmight of O'Neil ghost approach and in his rough ad brave oblivion and defeat be- strong hands he bears a scroll. I-e fore surrender or compromise. beckons me to read.
Then in September I798,thelook. Thereon is writ: out canoes brought news of the ap- y a e
Preaching attack. The dwellings "iUnto ye we grant these gifts of on beautiful St. George's Caye were eart and hand, our sons: freedom, razednd master and slave stood truth, opportunity, justice, labour, to face the foe. courage,hope, faith, government.
utnumbeing the settlers ten to "Guard well these gifts and ve
Outnumberi~~~ng the settlers ten to h l i e f r v r f e o s -o
one, the haughty Spaniards steered shall live forever--fre> sons~ their vessels toward to the Caye, valiant men". but this, the New World Armada, And now the spectre vanishes and
perhaps the greatest sea force ever down the path nmark'd "Glory" it assembled in the Caribbean, failed. marches--bloody, dirty, torn, but Shoals. illnets, and pan balked free, proud, hopeful. their plans, and when battle vas Thworld gropes on for freedom, joined, the pork-and-doigh boys --freedom from want,freed om from and their masters fearlessly, skill fear, freedom of worship, freedom fully evaded the furious balls and %f speech. All these were lost, and boarded the ships of the Dons. now a 'bruised and bleeding world
I see them now. The decks slip- makes haste to patch a peace that pery with the blood of fallen foes; offers respite from war's dread hell. the soundsof shots drowned by the We have never known fear, for cries of men; the clang and ring of wehavealway possessed the sturdy cutlass and sabre; the sharp grating creed that is democracy. A demoof swords; the deadly thiust of cracy nurtured bY vigorous Public

Meetings, a democracy that later forgettingthatbecauseo ditsnature, ensured freedom of movement and democracy must often appear awkworship and opinion for freed slaves ward, unfair. inadequate. and their former masters alike. A Let us consider our finageial stademocracy hallowed by the blood, tus. It is a perilous one, I admit, the sweat, 'he tears of masters and but that it is not worse, is due to of slaves who fought side by side the financial wisdom of Great Brithroughout an entire centhiry. tain, whoalthough owner of a quarAnd now......... ter of the globe, effects a machinery
Whether or not ve believe our that ensures a subsistence level for democracy is perfect we agree on its her peoples. In the words of Dr. V. salient features. The salient features F. Anderson, our S ., we are in that ensure us freedom to go were the sarne financial straits as the we please, work for whom we please, rest of the world: unemployment, work at what we please; the salient high prices, relief. But he a I so features that ensure us freedom to stresses that 'the wealth of a nation pray if we wish, where we wish; the consists in the willing ess ot its palient features that ensure that people to work and in their abilthere will always be Battlefield ity to work meetings whether they are profi- We cannot doubt that the Battable or iot, whether the speakers, tie of '9S ended a bloody, edicus are right or not; the salient features s truggle and laid the found i4nsof that ensure a standard of education our freedom of thought, of Worship, for all, irreSpective of class, creed, of action Freedoms that only our or race. inert spirits preventus from enjoyThose salient features cae to ing full\-. We must not measure British Honduras through blood, our heritage in terns qf material through sweat, through tears-and values. Wealth cannot purchase thus only can they come to thle frelan'orhappiness, aterialcon>world. fo ts cannot be id ernity for any
Democracy is essentially a creed, ljit abs of freedom.
a way of life, which magnifies the Wh' the Unen gained vicimportance of the indivdual ad tory -t (orges Caye in 1798 hallows his right to "life, lie tted a task that ended and the pursuit of happiness". It is decade of bloodshed and sufferan attempt, a vigorous attempt, to ing. And they give usfreedorx. AH' please, protect, and aelp the citiP< onr institution;, religious, social, zens of a state. It is essentially the political, finacil, wee e it h er practice if the Four Freedoms in directly established,or made possiso far as they can be practical with- ble thereby. out transgressing on the inviolable Any attempt to British right to life, liberty and happiness Honduas with Latin America finan of the citizens cially, must take cognizance of the
But we decry our lot too much fact that thi-. is a sparsely popula-

ted country. and that the aptitudes stroke corps of timeservers, gestaand inclinations of British Hondu- po and storm troopers and bloody rans have not been fully employed, dishonest elections, arbitrary judg-' and are not fully developed; hence mnents, and virtual concentration
there is no intensive industrial or- camps are made possible.
ganization and no appreciable agri- If the Baymen had lost t h at
culture; but who would thirst for battle our lauded freedom would lttle our lauded freedom
In Lti America, silly andees become a hopeless goal, we would
ut exist. have been a minority under Mexiadsul,en peons still exist. Dul
n in untold can or Guatemalan rule. We would
tiiete siek peants living in untold be virtual slaves-dull, defeated, squalor at the mercy of frilly indo- rtual slave ull,
t melodraati grandees. The illiterate, stupid, sick.
governments for the most paTt ale For those Baymen, then, who run bv virtual dictators with mobs trod the dark red paths of glory to of stupid. ruthless soldiery. There the slaughter, to the grave, and the best qualification for employ- then beyond, thrills of pride and ment is membership in the party in gratitude should course through our
power nd thus are created at one hearts.
The St. Johns's Literary Society
HE ST. JOHN'S LITEARY SOCIETY was or ganisedon Janary ot 4, by group of young men under the chairmanship
of Mr. J. L. lackett, master of St. John's Sc Belize. The
Aims of the S iety a outlined at that meeting were:
(r) To promote a nd reserve t ellestual growth in the cormmunity.
(2) To stimulate m1 energy.
(3) To provide practice in general discussions, essay writing, public
speaking and ebate.
(4) To create the right attitudeof mind and to develop the cultu
ral abilities of members.
V -

A reverie from sunlit, moousweDt
Gales Point, Manatee!
cBy,^ H, E C. Cain
Look, Marion! how the moon lights tip the sky,
Ste how she spreads a splendour o'er the laud;
In what grand majesty the proud stars lie,
How cool the touch of niooiili- bt on vour hand'
There. on the plainly, sand-swept strip of eaTth
The whispering bi eezes sigh in forld repose: Alaidens (,() hand iii liand ill barefoot miTtl),
The soft --and tickling their tender tot s.
Irliere in the clinging hush of eait My dawit The breezes play anion- tl.e leaning p,,llnls The stinshine herald,) eaell neAA loveh, ll,(;rll
As I lie tlirflled 1), ,lieath t1h:P, drt -iin spot's charvis.
I stilt c, q le(-l the water in my face,
Playing at hating ill tfie,,niootli lagoon
I ple.-isantly recall a Aildish r'acc
r the sfipperv san(L; thi..-,
Ali(] now witli even'lig son- come, I li LoUr N, ".*avkThe lovely( st spot t1lat yet is 1 1 IA I to me;
The pla vl r') till d wliere the ))(-t J !n(-ti miglit live--Toniorro,% 's E den, Gal, Poiw, 1 i j'laltee!
Marioo, in tlre 11 0 )l 1'wJ11;-W
The 1) r e e z e b fi ,,k f t s 111b i I F
The tricky sta-3 are icll ed witli d(-light, Winkiii- tl)e;r silver eves at happ-- lllo7i.
And as we go'),lbve an(l steam a, i Y,
. ( lltillel lis iS \\t ")ASS,
'Pi- -;hore movk!s farther, llmllrit-,, of tt-odm"
Flock to ,ny min(], a jimil-AeCl, jovm-Of car-Lfiee thonglits, dim a s tlie liglitj s, ,
Far, far axay. oij carel s

one grand movement the sirring At the abode of his Britannic Mapatlriotic airs the onlookers catch jesty's Representative the Hon. the spirit of the marchers, feet ate Sidney Banmbam, supported by the with difficulty kept from joining in, Hon William G Huppy, goes up to and a thousand joyous hearts sing present The People's Message of 'It was the Tenth Day of Septem- Loyalty to His most gracious Malber," With national feeling. .jesty the King, at the hand (and
"Grand United Orders to the expense) of His most gracious Maright, Ancient Orders to the left, jesty's Representative. The marchIndependent Orders to the centre," Lrs nearest the porch draw nearer directs the Grand Marshall. "Broth- where they could hear the Hon. Sid ers this way, sisters that way," ney Bambam deliver their Message, directs a sister of a Grand United while those farther away place Order. "'This way, brothers; follow themselves where they could see his
,"sas an old bewhiskered broth- lips moving:
er, backing up before the procession We are compelled at this stage to
a he moves his whole body uopand adopt t h e phraeology of those down with the music, and beckons august mouthpieces of the people, with both arms. the newspapers,in order todo proper
Drawn up in double columns near justice to the ocasion and to our th two grassy islands and drilling readers, and so after the maner of ith lon po k -and-dough-boy" one of our leading journals ne resickre a group of befuddled- po-t:
I okO indvidu\als wearing red The address to his Excellenev nckerchiefs wi te spt roud wa read with great dignity and ther headsfaded blue shirt, and clariv of expression by the l Hon. trousers, worn-out in wcasins, and Sidney Bambam, who was ry ably
sreputabcabbards by ter supported hby that estee d friend
sides. These are the gentlemen of of th people, the Hon. William G.
thsB t uad, who tally Huppy We record with some dekeep alive the spirits of their father s gree of pride that'there was no part by imbibing it in liquid quantities of the address which even those out at all times of theyear ofN could not follow clearly v
The Grand Marshal l studying the beaming
iously consulting the Deputis a n imated countenance of our sun and the clock for the past half distinguished countryman. Nohour, and now cQmesforward onhis thing could exceed the spirit of hony steed, which in the excitement loyalty and patriotism w h i c h of the occasion makes a feeble at- emanated from the Hon. Gentle tempt to prance, and gives the word man and infected all those who Ready':the leading band strikes be h e l d him as he read "the u and n)e s up Regent Street in tenacity of our forefathers which the direction of Government House, won for the British Crown this and the procession is on. small Colony over whose destinies

your -Excellency has been called ed it possessed. A profusion of upon to preside", "Whatever may heads looked down from windows be our shortcomings, our loyalty and doors, and slippered women and devotion to the person of our came slap, slap, slapping from the Soveriegn have never been question- depths of alleys. ed", and "that the spirit of our Bv ten o'clock the brothers and orbears is not yet dead is evidenc- sisters are tired of marching anI ed by the fact that at the outbreak the bands are tired of playing, and of the great wars the sons of the so all drop off at their respective Colony were willing, nay, eager, to lodge halls where they partake of go forth and do battle for their refreshments before going home tO King and Empire-many of whorn prepare their offsprings for the thereby went to join the spirits of parade of school children in the their illustrious ancestors". afternoon. ..
His Excellency graciously accept- Four thousand schol children
-Four thoulsan1d school chlel ed the Address, shook hands with turn out for the afternoon parade the delegation, and being in an ex- which is on a grander an gy tremrely jovial mood, did the Hon scale than thismorning's William G. Huppy the honour of playfully slapping him on thie back, little Hugh Huppy is th&e which public act of dwll- the gaily waving his red, white and blue :which public act of gt)odwill tile 1 Hon. Gntleman declares he will lag, and very proud of his hite remember with gratitude long after tennis shoes, white k n e lis Excellency has ceased to rule htw osers, white blouse, and tr over these shores Indeeda, thl With the red, white an blue procession passed before His Exce ,an very proud he is to as hlencye shortly after the Hon. Wil points out to s schoo liam G Huppy, in an excess of father who as Deputy, Mari ll rid gratitude, loyalty and patriotism on one cf the bony steds at the sn tered off his hat with lhis left head of -the parade ith an air of land and saluted smarter with i expectation as though le wouldn't ight be surprised if he weresudddenly to
On leaving Government HIouse fa oiff
Rounds the procession passed A CQpliof Guides stroll by in around St. John's Cathedral and military fashion, and in one of the proceeded to Yarborough Cemetery white uniformed ladies among the where a wreath was laid on the long lines of navy blue we recognise grave of Thomas Paslow by Mrs Lieut. Conscience Huppy and a litWilliam G. Huppy. The marchers tle further back Patrol Leader Pruthen paraded throughout the City, dece Huppy. attracting a great number of people, The H s, like all loyal and People, people, .people everywhere patriotic citizens, celebrate t h e Wre pe ple thau Belize ever dream- Tenth.

Statistics Of British Hondw~as
EL.EMENTARY EDUCATION Sch~ool Populations. Below appears a t ible of sciool populationin British Honduras during 1I940-1943. YEAR PUPILS ENROLLED AVERAGE TEACHERS CHILDREN: ATTENDANCE PER TEACHER
1940 -9985 8042 250 32-1
'1941 0032 9912 248 91942 O5. 7935 242 41.0
194310i51 8 18I4 2,52 32.4
Teacher Populations In July, the names of successful teachers inz ~the May examinations were published. 46 of 142 teachersof aill classes wer sucssful, aiding substantially ini 1brging the totals appearing
CLASES1sT 2MPD3RD 3RD YR. P.T. 2ND YR. P.T. lSTYR.P.T. Number 114 46 3() 8s 20 24,
Total 252 teachers.
Schools At the same time there were 79 schools divided as folows
A lus ~ 5 3-,50 plus Children~
28 1,5-49
Th eachr's Pocketboiyok. We give now the basic pa f assistant
2n $3(O~1 $a 22.50
~3rd _r.8o p.a. 9 $13.59
,rd Yr.P.T. $T44 p.a. i Nil
,nd Vr. P T.$IoS p a. c Nil
The cost, ot E~dttion. To enable the reader to discuss bow muzch is spent per child by the government we quotes from official Eources the overall expenditures,.
1940 1058$5 109,480 6.5

1941 10620 104,o34 7.4
1942 8530 102,337 6.2
1943 10682 112,063 6.0
These figuresinclude all salaries, allowances, equipment, etc., supplied by the government to both elementary and secondary schools.
The Student Teacher. Of 1195 candidates who have written full examiations 1940-1946, 408 or 34 1fo have satisfied the examiners.
SECONDARY EDUCATION Curriculum, With regard to cur
riculum it must be stated that apart Population.During 1946the num- from the local basics-English, her of pupils in our five secondary Elementary Mathematics, History, schools is shownbelow:, Religious Knowledge, forms of
St. Catherine's Academy, 132. 8 Elementary Science, and Spanish
Teachers. ,each school provides additional
St. Hilda's Colle g e, 141. 7 subjects as noted below. The subTeachers, including 3 part-time jects.named are not necessarily teachers. taught to each class, but, ather, at
St. John's College, 114. II Tea- different stages of the same school's chers, including 3 part-time lay course. teachers. S.C A.-Latin, Geograph
St XMichael's College, 73.3 Teach sic, Art, Drmatics, Do estic
erssi AtDramatics Dq
ers Scienc-, American & Englis Book
Wesley College 80.4 Tedchers, in keping, Business Arithmeti, Short, eluding a lady-teacher in the Pre- nd, Typing and Needlework. paratory department. S. H C.-Geography, Singing,
..External Examinations. During Hygiene, Needle and HandwPork, the years 1940-1943, of the 291 Bookkeeping, Shortha & TY persons who Wrote Junior or higher S. J. .-Latin, Public Speaking, Cambridge external papers, 164 or Social Science, Busess English, 36.4%o have earned full certificates. Book pin nd Typing.
Graduates. The term graduatess" .W,. French (on special
has several differen eanings in request), Geography, Art,
respect to British Honduran scod Adv ed Mathematics and HYary schools. For our purpose we gene. term graduates, students who pass The Wesley Collge course leads certain external classical or con~ t1 o the Cambridge, Higher School mercial examinations or who com- Examination and in advanced cases e'alch School provides adulii onal St. Hilda's C o lleg e, 141. 7 subjects as noted below. The subTeachers, including 3 part-time jects named are not necessarily teachers. taught to each class, but, rather, at
; ~ ~ T* ..... '- "v ,bt rahr;a I

-: Sleepy Moon :
Sleepy moon,
Strown on yon western cloud, Wait in the shadows, blue out here Cool in the twilight breeze.
Is it the houses scrambled there With their flickering lights in between? Is it the broom of the dark-waving branch On the soft night's dim skylineIs this what you mind, Sleepy Moou?
Is it the joy of the reckless ones Defiant and confined? Surely the pathos of cloistered monk Has not charmed your mind. Your night watch has just begun.
L ominous eye looking through over sky Wastrel of the neba hosts Down you drop in your chilly mists Rimmed like bite, a fringe of light, Guiltless of all, of this.
Sail o, y friend, through your easeful waste, Silently and slo. It is a thingyou canot express Nor can you nake it so.
Rather the weariness of man That calls you sleepy, Oh, Moon 'Tis only the mystic project of mind, Merely the Keats and the me.
For the easeful moon soothed me to sleep And I in turn made him sleepy. And because I sense a tiredness Am I bound to reveal a cause, Sleepy Moon?

Bureaucracy And Education Rt. Rev. H. J. Hughes
Z G OVERNMENTS in the West shown a strange reluctance to face
Indies came into the educa- thisfact. Education does Dnot shew tional picture very late. When a quick return for the money spent, they did so, it was by a d ding and there has been too great a another government department, tendency to put it in the back with all its paraphernalia of files, ground and to regard it as a luxury Statistics, circulars, etc., which fre- which straitened Colony finances quently showed a marked dispro- cannot entertain. From th finanportion to the money voted from cial side,until recent years, there is public funds. One of the evils result- not the smallest doubt in my mind ing from that, is the loss of per- that the West Indian Governments sonal contact between the scholars have pursued their edueat and teachers in the schools, and the policy with the minimum of expen1ieadof the department. In some diture, and even now in most of the Colonies, he lives on an Olympian Colonies, the capital expenditure of height, from which he directs, usual- Governments amounts to vey littlely through a circular. Circulars compared with that spent ~in the are notoriously generalities and do days before governments catie int6 not always cover every circum- the picture. The positioiv each stance. Where personal contact is colony,is, however, ifinit t being lost, something is seriously than it ,was, and we should 19 wrong with the e educational th kful and hopeful for amoreenmachine. We are not free from that lgtened public opinion; fr the fault now. Again, governments facttat in thecolonies today there have not always been fortunate in are some really able men charge the personnel in this particular de- of thj rk and for thy further partment .here are instances fact thatiore roneyhas been known to of men who drifted spent, generally speaking, in the last
into educa n in much the same five years than ever before, and this way as a clerk is transferred from quite apax the possibilities
one departmentto another. Itihbe' under th nial Development
conceded I feel sue tha I to d WfaT ct Thereis,however,
of Education needs not only to b o anger against which we should skilled in his work but inspired by be on out. g a t d, The-e is the a genuine love of the cause fo tendencYin all democratic countries Which he is so responsible in the to leave everything to the Governcommunity, unless he is to become ment, and with the best will in the a hopeless failure. world,thegoverpment in such coun
There have been some di sna i tries can drift into Fascism, and in
failures. Again, education costs no sphere would that be more
money, and certainly in the past dwaging than in education.
West Indian Governments have Extract trom a speech

By H. E. C. Cain
A bouyant sea, a lovely summer day; Trade winds that sing and whisper on their way Among the trees. High on an attic porch, P h'd-high I stood and watched the scene around:
From left to right, from right to left I turned, And saw below the city of ny birth. And o'er my soul there crept that pensive mood Which beauty br ngs. For all around me stretched those things together which had made my life. From the eternities which these things hold My iurortalitv was formed: within themselves ach held a part of meand I of them. Looking more slowly inow I singled out Those buildings and those other things of nteThose beauteous things -which brought my soul delight! First turned I to the sea whence fresh wind blew: Therein the aarbour lay a ship or two, There too were little boats, their little sails Blown in the wind. A covered motor tug Rode the bright waves ashe approached the shore, Returning from his1ri George's Caye. My gaze was shifted ad my eyes beheld S John's Cathedral with its belfry tower, Where long ago an Indian King had come For coronation Then not far away Gaveriq- tal louse, St. Hilda's College, St. John's School, The selfoolto which my younger brother goes. Methodist Mission in its gray white stone, And Wesley Cege ith her stiot boys. Ah! Yarborough Green --its rickety pitch and allWhere lovers walk o' nights, or sit and sigh. Yarborough Cemetery, where Simon Lamb, Who kept alive our Countrv's pay, is laid With others who now mingle with our dust The mortal temples of immortal souls. My eyes go on to'see the little homes Which polka-dat Mesopotamia's yards. St MichaelkColleewhere I went to school! My mind isfilled with joyous memories Of schoolhovs ..rank O would not miss out

These days ii I could liv'e thlem O'eT gain.
The church of St. Ig-natius, where thebels
Each dlay ring out at noonarid eniie.
On whose w-,ide grounds the little children play,
And boys kick ball and ;horut in~m nrry glee.
Then there is Wesley S--hool.2its s lid stonoOpposite, Harvey Hall, Nlethiodist (Church
Near to the: cruambled ruins of Tt~ hrick
(Destroyed _,orne fifteen yeafsbv hufica ne)
Which. once was, great in tn~ijrstyOf holy b ,Wesley Church.
There Bishoptorp~e, the lordly res-idence
Of the Lo~rd Bisho~p of the'Dioces e
Where oathe wel-kept and pairn sided lawn
Parochial tea paTtieS were sometimes held.
Anid then, the Battlefield, the public sqpuare,
Flanked by the Court House Building anrd the( stores,
The Blank of Canada and the Scots' Kirk,
The Co-urt House Green and its tall metagre staff,
At-op which f lies a f rayed-edged n ion J ack;
Atop whiclistands a little full-w-ixtged bi rd,
Looking, as I am, down at green Belize
Arid as I watch, the town clock strke the hour
In its far kchoing tones of uio
The Sing, Brdge, andK th -Qlk C~effon't
Upon th- fv r, where th Ent ti-tp
Which brn plantation prodpe frm~h bak
Along theupper. seaches of
There Paslow Building, just a 'n thtl e Who with their enigines vait fOT fire alarnv;s There the Cathedral and its tleics',~ rom-The Roman Catholis'lioy plc ofpr- -r
Then nearby, Paris Hall,.a~.tJja co:?
Of the Redeemer Holy. Vltl"lo
just on the city's edge the chimey tal,.--- And ever-widening yards of the sawmll'.
Across the way, upon the opeoh grun
Newly refilled with dredgings from the sea,
A figure goes, small as a speck is he
The little wireless Station, set betw een
Its two steel towers which hol~d aerial wirs
The tent-like huts w-hih make the city camp,
eadquarters9 of our khkied sodeboy8.Tht isthe Barcsfcngt h i

Its viciouss field the guardian of our sports
Then tower down along the winding road,
The tamarind tree, ancient of history.
TtJe Birracks' Waters are a pretty sight
With white-sail 'd yachts along its concrete wall,
Or sailing in the sunlight off its shore.
And then there is the closely clustered crowd
Of Northside houses, much too closely knit,
O, much too jumbled e'en for me high perch'd
Here on this housetop fully to discern
Which one is which, or single each from each.
So now I turn my eyes towards the east,
And see in passing, the gray eross-topped tower
Of sisterly St Catherine's Academy,
Where cloistered nuns give sof t-voiced tutelage
To dark-eyed schoolgirls uiformed in white
Then Anglican St. Mary's Church, the City Hall,
Behind which rumbles the electric plint,
Supplying ice and current to our town.
'Forte George! the proud and famous Bayinen fort,
Reclaimed from watery inundatioD.
Look what a picture of secluded calm.
Those prin cely homes suggest How cool the breeze
That wafts among the green and vellow leaves,
~Whisperinug fond reposeto weared men.
My eyes return
From whence they took their wondering soul-wing'd flight
Ard so with one inspiring fareliell look, Feeling % Rhin my lugs the vibrant air,
I feel my heart beat as my soul inhales
The crushing beauty of the sight around, And carried on tihhifper ofs the brteze
Is borniethe m1a gic ma11ski of4=IAZE.
This the seventh issue of Ontiook is remarkable for many things intimately bound p with the Society. It m rkrs the first extended leave of the Society's cable, energetic President-Founder. It marks too the first real disruptio44o Outlooks Staff -talented, vigorous Editor Goldson was transferredtoPunta Gada just as the Outlook went to press. It marks the beginning f Associate Editor Cain's editing of the revived Civil Service Chroicle as substitute for his Outlook colleague, Mr. Gorldson.

26 TimE oUrLOOK
A BeterWest I'd'e&
B~y C. A St. Berrniird,
NHWest Indies is beSet to)- so cialj-problemis. Thesue latter are dtaly by so mtany diverse pro- more readily apparent to Euroblerns- that anyone With a ) paniis: a no( several 'have tried to spark of patriotic feeling1 Cannot eflnriate the rea'sor's th~at, so to but be awL~are of their presence and spea~krmould West Indian beaiu be posse ssed of sonie desire, no in matters social 'They allege that miatte r if it has failed to take dc- because of the divelsi ics of Origin~ finite shape in hlis, riind, to see- con- of West Indiaris-Africari Asiatic ditions improve and European, WestIndian-,a"
,One o)f thle greatest of West In- conglomaerate -mass an Iconsqet in problems,, is thle economic ne yointhaearc oncln
Certain economic factors, largely thlat they cannot reasonably be ex-~ beyond the control of West Intdians pected to combine in conceited: preclude the possibility Of gTeast action for the common good A1 s prosperity in these islands The Indians have not done veye nau indntrtialisation of these islands is Yet to give the lie to that cha rge. iinpraicticable for reasons manifold. There is again another'fco Thle islands tire muore or less small, militating to a consider-abextn isolated units \ with mnounutainous ter- 'against West Indian progisad rain predominating. All industry b'ettemnt of conditions gierally' therefore has necestsarilyv to1, be onaunteeilns h i h gbe a
very smr~afll scale. 'Insulaity,
, T he result of this natural draw- Her agin the fac tat thes bac'k is that the larg-er counptries-i isj nit,_tnflO s
the same clima~tic belts-sections ~'an extent resipOIsibi. The iLhlli-,' of Africa, India and the like-.-can tants of the.'a'riotls lands, in the, always swamp the poor West In- 11 possse 6,f intensely in
dies since they are abl tprodu~ce ua vei' i eniausie-5 circun-i
-ore cheaply for xor -iidgeeirllko
Then-,,sad to say, there at Ale'j -rn nuatttirsthat affect the problems as well in these islandis- Wes __ries a hole.
P oliticia ns and leg-sla toi hope to
'This article %*Prize-win ing W Yof eudiVl'- on geer
tile West Indies, has ee reprod hor colonies 'toether in federations tire May issue of tile A Gpogs Liter- with the ulitii ae Tam of a Fed er-' ary ILeague Mlagazine.' We' believe that ated West< Irdis, It is debatable the conditions outlined by Mr. St. Bet- whether poiia, nard approximate condi Britis vance, pe~r se,
Honduras and, conseqae= Isltln wth evervtbe 4artment of pro. he Proposes are 'worthy oi u deepest g Is aggin beid will not~ have thought and most vigorous isctioi.- a "i- m~ng~fec The question,

as to whether West Indians have As an, adjunct to a uitetjsifit d(
really evolveds,*fficiently 'to work agriculture and at, effort at sellout their own destinies', deserves sufficiency, the foster g and tnsome consideration even at this couraging of local minor industries much vaunted stage of West Indian --in some of the islands already development. commendable venturesin this direcIt would be well at this stage to tion are in existence-is a great deattempt to suggest some meansfor sideratum. Maxin.rum use is not reform of the avenues by which being made of many 1 o c a 1 promuch improvement mn i g h t be ducts and facilities,which are usualachi Progressin the West Indies,it is Of course, though it is conceded true to say, depends largely upon, that agricultural prosperity is indisor is intimately bound up with, pensable to the general prosperity agriculture. What seems to be most of the islands, it sliou'd not hold desiralle jusi at this time is a that place which some would have healthier attitudetowards the soil it to the exclusion of everything and agricultural pursuits. Too wide- else. spread is the idea that anything There are some deplorable social appertaining to agricultureis deroga- conditions existing in the heart of I big industrial areas this the West Indies that call for imis to be deplored and least of all mediate reform The question of should it infiltrate into areas which housing for the unfortunate agriculcan only be agricultural. tural I abourer in the rural distritt
The West Indies is being confron- and the slum dweller of the city. It ted with the problem of feeding an is beyond the power of these unfor-1 eveiincreasing population while tunates to provide even -such a.
there, are no more (or hardly any) basic need as decent living surareas to be brought under cultiva- roubdings. tion. It stands to reason therefore, Again, there is much that Public that to' offset real decadence and authorities might do by way of iman inevitable lowering of living proveient in public health and standards, an extensive sad inten- sanitation services in these, islands. sive agricultural policy, onodern iery 'commendable step in scientific lines is a prime necessity tbi rght direction is the'matter of in the light of increasing population Adlt Education. It is no compliand impoverished and abandoned pent to these islands that fair percultivable areas. In this agrictl- centages of their popplations are tural policy, stock-raising and grow- illiterate and the sootier thislamenting of food crops wo u I d find a able state of affairs ceases to exist prominent place. the better will it be.

Love is made up of things, so little, so tender, that it is hard to define,
A Lover's Sacrifice -:
By Lionel Kisline
A gay young man once wooed a maiden fair,
Of virtue, character and graces rare;
But vainly had preferred his claim:
The maiden h.&d no answering flame.
At length his heart in anguish tore;
Obliged to-kneel upon the floor,
In terms pathetic did appeal
For mercy from his fond ideal.
"Love that no language can express
"Implores to offer happiness;
"Nought else on earth doI so prize
"As you, the darling of my eyes."
"If my consent to be your bride
"Will make us happy side by side: "I ask of thee one promise t ue,
"Before I give myself tyou
"Speak now, my maiden s eet and fair,
"To thee I give all I hold-dear;
"For there's none other wh6 can bless
"This ieart of mine with happines."
''I do not wi for faw- rd
"But whiskers l
"I'd like before I,te' 1
"To cut the whiskers from your fa
Up jumped the ga youg gntt
Off through the door he quikkl ra; He'd rather part with maiTe fai
Thanhave his4ace without air

A Public Appeal
'URING World War I1 British Honduras subscribed
ohenomenally to various War Funds. The people of Belize gave more than one half of the Colony's contributions. For a cause of domestic significance our people w td uabbtedly be even more enthusiastic.
Belize needs a public community hall. A place for public meetings, debates, concerts, and entertainment. A building able to seat about t xo thousand persons, and with a loudspeaker system and stage Here is a chance for a pubic body other than government to do real public service.
A Community Chest could be started-a million penny drive spnsared. If about ten thousand persons (about one half the population of Belize) gave one cent a day for one hundred days the first million penny mark will have been reached in less than four months. If you consider that this would mean an average of $t.00 a person you will see that it is sonathing which everyone could easily afford; every "co-itributor could feel that he is giving to a personal cause because he is adding an improvenentto his home town.
Public-spirited gentlemen cIuld leadthis drireard make it succeed. Campaign talks could show the people that' a large part of the money would be paid back to them in wages. TI~ monev would be used for a productive purpose nd cou1d lt fail to benefit the whole community.
To supplement contributions Fairkees, and Corcerts could be organised, such as were hekd in aid of the War Funds; there can be doubt:that within a short tire the people of Belize wdkfva d another monumenr to
the memory of the' Barnen.
A century and a half.ago the ~Bymin showed their filth in themseesdept alive the hope wbich alone ralks life worthwhil. Today,as hopeful as were they in 1798, w must show ourfaith in ourselves by our woiks. Iet us work forour Community HA. Let us be loyaloandrattiotc to th R.ymen Who will surely welcome such an inspiring L omaie frIm Ss

The Outlook
Responsible Government.. .........1
Farewell Message .2
Archives of the S.J. LS.. ...... 3
Prelude to Blattle . LEIGH RICHARDEON 5
Trua Patriotism A. S. GRANT 9
The Huppys Celebrate the Tenth PHLPHUBE
~Reflections on, the Battle of St. George's Caye
Gales Point, Manatee ..H. E~. C. Cin 16
Statistics of British Honduras .9 r Sleepy Moon B .Cak2
Bureaucracy and Edu~cation
Potrit- By RT. REv. W. H:GHIES 22
A [fetter West Indies .By C. A. ST BERNARD 26
A Lover's Sacrifice .Lionel A? Ksi~q 28
HE history of the kacts Nursesin BRiitish flor~d as i
T the unwritten life sJq ,fNurse Vivian WV SeaY who for.,
twenty-five of its t -six-year existence has bee Hecad
Mrs. ea sI sterlingg service to< tt comm~
B elizie, her'ui t4 qeforts to keep the nuising2cop together, her eniergetic f-W Tsecure privileges and r eccgnitOn Jfur tl'e Black Cross ar 6 ailecl only by her calm precise character and kindly spirit.
And as slooks~rc or ure fac ry of struggle and
s nill revard a to-ighdetrmno to cary (,n steals, her.
No one knows more of the actual d'ay-by-day life of Belize~s twenty-one thousan peple than Mrs. Sealy and the Black Cross Nurses.
And whe tey-' Ine- praise of Dr V, .F. And4erson as the foremost voluntere~ soia welfare organization in 'P xitidb Pc F duras ini his confidential report to Miss Ilbhei son of tl'e ColcrIal Development anci Welfare Fund body it was an unconscious tii bute to Mrs. Vivian W. Seely, M. B E.andt her dyrzamic'vj~iion
PulihdbyThe St. onX -Ltr Scey Printedat The. Cm ecial res Albert St. Eelre-