The Honduras almanack

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The Honduras almanack
Place of Publication:
Henry Whitney
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53 pages


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Belize ( fast )
almanacs ( aat )
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General Note:
"Calculated to the Meridian of Belize"
"Property of M.S. Metzgen"

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Belize National Library Service and Information System
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Belize National Library Service and Information System
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Full Text
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This Volum.e is the'prorern, TH97JUBILEE LIBRARY

01 tnc 7cer o t ur Lord
8 3 D 4
d 16 lie rid ie n of b f
I T 1 B Y,

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The early history of this Settlement has been so well narrated in our former annuals the face of the country has been graphically puurtrayed its natural productions have been faithfully described, and mostly every matter relating to its commercial and municipal affairs having been drawn by able hands, little is left for me to do, after a brief suntary of events, but to take up my pen where my predecessors have stopped and attempt a continuation of their narrative.
The Settle ent of Honduras which Pas been of late years rising rapidly from obscurity is situated on the main land of America, on the western shores of the Caribbean ea. Its utmost extent of ;oast from the "io Hondo on the north, to the River Sarstoon on the south is 250 miles. Its mean breadth accordin6 to the most recent calculations is 150 thus making a total of 37,500 square miles. Although known to rat Britain for upward of two centuries as furnishing her :ith ample supplies of Logwood and Mahogany, by a series of the most glaring and culpable political blnaders the Government has never until very rorntly estoweGd that attention upon it aniAch its iqortance and great natural capabilities dea rve.
When we direct our attention to a map of the new
World, the Continents of .orth and 0outn America appear to such vast and remarkable size, a to induce us at first to overlook the apparcintly sall and trifling neck of land which connects them together; in these two magnificent continents extenasive countries of which we know but the name, ard republics of prodigious magnitude, either formed or daily starting into existence, dazzle the imagination and eclipse by their grandeur, size and number, the lesser glories of that great tract
of country now coamnonly denominated Qentral America, and which contains the celebrated republics of Golumbia and 4uatemala, British Honduras and the neighbouring territories of our old and faithful ally the Iling of the' Mosquito Nation.

Those who are acquainted wiith 'the history of the discovery of.4arica will-recollect that that great event occurred about the latter end of the 16th century. Thm:iadiately adventurers and discoverers crowded to the ne6w ~cane, of glory. The woaaerful tales and exag:gerated reports of is alath and the daring spirit of enterpziae
w hhat that tie previled, especially In 6paini, and which needed no one to ljndcea It fo -fly across the atlanttc, but the re~.w-t o dangrs,, to b e shared iad difficulties to be oroooe ~vr uhttIn the short
space of 301 years the, whl coI soflo a.-d -,outh
America had b'sn iow V ; 1 r -; Oba, 1Hiepa -llia, and' jamaica were colonize't and, th-e pln rngandA Pro-wess of
Oortez, had- with a aflofmnanrdteimns empire of -ASc oth o~n o h.:~oeeg~
il a~t aa:ii, he r i-r vo o th
field of _-. xm !hwae fas l aite
the dico d n tieileo otle o Trie allured
by s- ciri r ho wereii_ ooli to Thesqmre, b
riohee co h ~~~ falona wnlith roa e orawqe
reightEn th h so of aconxjues P epe the_ cupidity
&nd inc-s tzx ubrs of the piratic_,Al marauders- of
Vhoae no I~ b)uocaniers' wtho hav ewt ample
maeiaw itex~~cgn~ x~L~t~b~try no6ow
sweeingth~atltioin m'y ~rs~ti~ &oL aM& become conversant t1x cwwzUd! '6 necig vry
part, and sp-dn erra- imyw ever- their footstp ee to b. traced. 1It oas a band 7zf these bold but rapac ions men that t~h.1 -lace was fi~settled,* B6Z heli zowsitL oriAgin to a Scotch Corsair Chief
[of the ame of ohallaoe, aomatire if 1-alkland in XiarosshiAre. At thle tire that these formidable pirates were driven from pLort-aba, a sLmall Isadsituiated a fewi miles norfth of a5t. U)omiigo, .allacc to esc- ape from the Just ve~ngeanoe of the jpaniards fled for sonit amongst the
nuerusilands on the, coast of Yusatae, and finally settled at the mouth of the :,iver Beilse. Here after ix-anly-viacIssitude s both by sea and land Viallace fixed his resdeneerected a few log huts and a small fort a.lice, whl. ich etood onr this site nowl occupied by the handsorme Premises of M~essrs. Boitias & flelande.

Albaalque pat-re atque 'a-liae mania ;,
From this adventurous c'-isf the Town dc-rived i i
name', Its ortho ,;rar.iy s izipaniards was oyl-Inally
4alis, from V r
a orfin or. c c -,,- I ;.i
in their 1, "Iy oof'Aned down
by the 1:,c -: ch It ac,,v 1-ne,
Wallace h :i- -J cr f h1s
companloLs Li Ined f rol 7- C t me by otl,6x
restless unon tile
Spaniards, a surprised by the L- In number,
tkicy lound a aii easy retreat __, qral
fastnessec of it does not this
smail but band of Llettlers with
encoura, tf,rs or they
f orjr16 d ho-,vi7-P, a a,_11.anca, -nfL s "n Cl
its -3 and
iridomLtabie these
new t iey carri (k _leL of
destructive Ici i; panish
lorc6s by ttlam6nt was snirro ;.. all sldes
uiaaL Ndo ac_-,;z in t,-F 1.r endeavoiu-, j accomplish
t he ruin 0 a 'E. Lu c a i --i 1", j 6a I ova", In oi i c y r c gard a d with hatred
* The para La L to 'jave had
in vi6wvias t ) of new world to
herself. She z t 1 _- t- Dnly of w -but
was already in her 1,o- --lon but, vf alt 'aat was to be acquired by future aiuaovertr, X-he f i ri t o b 141 e c t a-'C hc r policy seems to have be&a to deter even tJiose nations with whom she waa in amity from encroac' -L, what ohs
co.-Ader6d. her t6rrito: 1r-, and ao Iie a conE ta.'.it and inveterate Wa-r-7- aLainst any 1111-r-7c*rOd Uth her prete'nsioji s it i. no.- viewed,
'Vit'a t".-le Ut"toiA j'aal-ousy 'Na'r t -O littI6 of .2 -z ,-y diff iarlty and
British Ldvanturere who in :a a; e, anl6r the most disco aragin L,; --_ _till made ,ood
tteir hold upon t ie co,.uitrU rc). ,_ oo,_t ,ellze.

Tired With the artE Of wvar, tue s6t t-lCT at la' t
adopted those of peace. They comnaenc& cutting logwood, then an article of great valnO In Europe, and with which the Qonntry on the banks of thc abclize R1iver abounded. Ini 1665, they received a re-inforcmEnnt of strength by another -1iratical chief, named 1'Iollonois, joining the
setletntwith all his folwr;from this period -ap to the end of the century, thec various establishments apon the coast ancl on. the banks; of 'he rivers, augmented rapidly. 1bettlemcnts were formed at QatoiHe, and in the ,Iiwsn of Trie1 in the D3ay of C;ampeachy; but the logWood failing iii the for'mar of these places, a:nd the settlers being drimeo~t from the latter by a superior Spanish forc, t.hey -,;an rendezvosuaed at Belize, as a ,station affordity them great er facilitie of prot,-ect 'Ing themselves from the superior power of their enemies. Although varios patilegociations were entered into, for a very co- r'Aerabte period very lit-le notice seems to have been t~0iby the British Government of thi-s possessioni; at leghIn thes year 1670, The lcrative trade wit Vogua antd the other settleme-nts on the Mosquito ahln,' other parts of the.- -eais I ain, attracted the" attention of thie M,,other_ 0,oui-ry-, and a treaty was finally concluded with, the, V-.rt of opib- vAich the Power cnea to Great 'niai aI W, > tertIe In
the west Indies -hchure, In the atl oesonof
her subjects. Boe hstetycm etement ofBReline wh Icah at tha no z ca ot red a British Colony, and was Populated b,, u;4rdn, of 700, whites.
The difficulties nihL;e the regular settling
of the Colony fromwi time to 1740 aroose from the con-, stant war i ,vni we were -nagdwith the w;rown of Spain, and. being surrounded on all sides, by otiT vindictive and pqwerfal foe From fuilOmOa, Porto ?hello, Carthagena, and ,.,cr poe-.uens ionz to the southward, from the Bay of Cpecyand her possessions to the northward. d and from her settlements In UCeAco at the, vcry sources of the Rivers w hich run Into-,'-: tin hart of oar little territory, she was continually despatching ar~mcmnts'for the destruction of the British, and although tae Treaty of madrid in 1667 secured -the LIettlers In the peaceful possession of their property, and It was expressly agreed

agreed that six months notice should be given by either party in the event of a declaration of war, in order that te property of the Wood Cutters might be removed from ~te country, the 6paniards were guilty of the most diabolioal infringement of this agreement. In 1675 they expeotedly fell on the english settlements at Triste and elsewhere, and dragged upwards of -600 of the settlers to the mines of Mexico where mostly all these unfortunate individuals perished under the hardships ad cruelties of their situation. The inhabitants however after this distressing event seem to have been on their guard, and inspired with the bravery of the origLal settlers, they not only repelled all future attacks very frequently with sucee-a and never without honour, but gathering strength, they laid siege to the 'ity of Campeachy and carried it by assault.
L The ipaniards worsted in all their attempts to
attack the Colony by sea took advatage of their superior knowledge of the interior omu-ication rand assembled a force of 1500 men at he town of Peten, situated on an island in the lake of Itza, about 260 miles west of the town of b lize, aai at the head of the "iver of that name. Perfectly acquainted with the conlatry the Spaniards rapidly advanced without opposition along the banks of the river, and before intelligence could arrive in Belize of their hostile movements, they reached to within 80 miles of the town. Bat here at labouring creek where there was a military fort they met with a most unexpected and decisive check eight men in a small wooden fort actually stopped the approach of the 4panish force and maintained their position until a body of the inhabita ts to the number of 210, principally consisting of slaves, headed by their Masters, could be collected. By a hasty march of about six hours they gained Fig-tree landing on the Belize niver.- Here the Old riverr settlers were joined by a number of their countrymen from the New niver, and proceeding together, they gave battle to the Qpaniards whom they completely routed and put to flight; the settlement for a short time after these eventful struggles, enjoyed a short interval of repose.

In the year 1763, a treaty ever memorable in the
annals of British Honduras, was signed at Paris, the evil effects of which have been felt up to this hour, and have proved the fruitful source of all the perplexity and
:mbarrassment to which the Settlement has been so long subject. By this treaty the most shameful concessions were granted to Spain the country which the bravery of its inhabitants had aneyed to the 0rittsh dominions was again delivered over, the fortifications were ordered to be destroyed, the settlers disarmed, and powerless were left exposed to the tender mercies of their most bitter and implacable enemy who seeing the great wealth which was flowing into !ritain from the dye-woods and other produce of the Settle ent, ardently desired to expel for ever the industrious and enterprising Britich residents from this oontir Lt, a constiation whiO they had no doubt of being able to effect at a future and convenient time by obtaining te demolition o our fortifications Jd shall Ireconnlb s:3 that the '2,ort.itt so much coveted was not lon in arLiving and :hen te treacherous duplicity of Lpai in king the treaty, and the olunderiA ignorance of the english government in coosenting to it were both apparent.
Two years after the "reat;; of 17G0, the Busourable Sir dilliam Surnaby was sent Wjodn L toe 'Govsrno of Jamaica to sce that its stipt:1tions weri enforced, and that the interests of the British received as much protect ion as the oircstances of thq aliny would at that time admit of whilst he resided at Beli e he took upon himself the government of the Settlenint, and before his departure he gave a constitution to lie people in the King's name which consisted in passing laws in Legislative eetiags and carrying these laws into effect by a Bench of magistrates, who appear by this code of regulations to have received both Judicial and Executive functions. It is worthy of remark that the celebrated Captain Qock the great navigator, assisted air Ailliam in these arrangements. 2or some time after this event ow owing most probably to the frequent visitations of British ships of war the settlement experienced a calm but it was the calm which portended the coning storm.

On the 15th of September 1779 in defiance of the
stipulations of the treaty which had been entered into so short a time before, and without the least provocation on the part of the British, a large 4pantsh force attacked the settlers at 6t. ieorge's itay after a brave but anavailing defence the superiority of numbers prevailed and almost the Whole of the -rt lers on the hay were taken prisoners. The m;ay wa- pilaged a the expedition returned to the roai0 ,he british waveie blindfolded and ironed, marche up to Ferita tae capital of Yucatan and were thence transferred to the Hava.ila in Cuba, where they were imprisoned und where many died, 2he bravery of the zaymen however a not to be subdued; t Ieorge's Kay was not allowed to remain ong in the possession of the opaniards it was re-taken with great slaughter. 'The British assembled in force at the islands of nuatan and Bonaea, and being reinforced from the iaoscpito ghore, they stormed Omoa, the principal bpanish port in these seas, made the garrison prisoners of war a exchanged hem for thair unfortunate cooitrynn who were languishing in the, prisons of iverida and the iavanna.
Omoa being subsequently abandoned we again find the settlement after many reverses ot fortune oeuubjeot of a new treaty with pain in 1783 'odney a. eison were now in the Caribbean -ea, -i 4lto as al ready giving
proofs of t-ose talents ind virtues which raised him to the rank of a hero He Ta- enploycd in he Badger sloop of war in guariLs t(. (a st of honduras and received the thanks of the inhabitants of the settlement. In 1786 a Convention was signed at ;,ondon, by this treaty the last entered into with Opain on the subject of Honduras, the right of cutting mahogany and nll other woods was added to that oi cutting logwood permission was granted to settle on 6t. George'ls Zay, and to refit mroant ships at the southern Triangles the original limits for outting were extended from Rio Hondo on the north to the Sibun on the south liberty was given to the settlers to gather the fruits and produce of the earth, rely natural and uncultivated, cut to carry these away in their natural state for 1he purposes or utility or conerce. Sueb were the advantages and privileges sccorded to the

t;-irvAT bY the provisions of a treaty merely signed-by
pinlke all the others that It mioht afford an opening for her treacherous icinntions and end roars, to destroy,Ibis flourishing Qolony. 6he :reairved to herself the rihsof overeignty she enjoineid that no fortifications
re to be built that ali'the Britio ibjects who were4
1 ersed t an other rt of t"i -' a ish Conti a3nt were to wilthdraw to L2ondiuas :-nd 311e strict ly prohibited them from meditating the;V fornVatiOn Of Uny/ system of government either civil or rnilitary.
By? some b~neig:Ai.-conception of the situation of the country al:.": a < '-t abworI ant falee interp,--retation of the existi t-Entie1,s, niA specially that of 1763,* the valuable setti meat on Black River and other parts of the Mosquito Sho:-e were abiandoned. It is difficult to~ oon~ecttire how toe British government could have fallen i-.i~o such an error u.,nless w attribute it to a wilfuil mi sconoeption. Mosquito is nit"r within the Bay of rinda nor the
territories- of hin- This country inabte by a fierce
and vindioti- Are Ael never yield o)'- ac to, Spai#. The 5panLa'dsneve obtained a footing o thei coast although t hey made man, y attempts toc reduce,, it,_ une hir Iron yoke. To t~epresent day the ilosquito race retain the fiercest hatre d tio the Bp,-arieh name -a _Lat-_r It isz believed well mredby h Y i allie --, the- first discoverers. TheMsit ~e has ee to allI intents an:d
purposes from thQisO harle.s: the Frzt a iart of thea
British tertre.Brn h eiaOf that unfortunate
monarch, thv Lai-! of-riu n letterss of reprisal,
took p~seainof a sm L, i1- adnear the coas t. The
Earl having pndfinlycuuiatn with the native
the Kingwas_ ro pleased wih hem-.nner of our people and the accountteygv of ther- ow n country that he consent
ed to allow hiA so to go to Halnon a Colonel Morris being left as- a otaefor hi safe return. This young
lad remained In Ltingland three "years and on returning to his native country y and a;. ,cending the throne, so convinced was he of the good faith oi' Lrgland and the advantages his country would derive from her alliance and protection that he gave -up his crowin to Britain and to this day the Kings of the Mosquito piation are crowned with much solemnity at Belize. 4

However, this faithful ally we aba vconed, and in /77 the Settlers from the Mosquito ahore with Colonel Lawrie their Superintendenit, arrived in Belize, and added so much to the population that the southern part o the Town was laid out and .built. I Qommissioner having been appointed by the King of Spain to see the treaty carried into effect and the famous Qolonel Jespard having arrived from 'ngland with like powers as -perintenient they proceeded together to survey the Rivers and mark out the new boundaries. In the year 1788 the ettlement was visited with a severe calamity on the 23,1 September a hurricane commenced which before the close oF the day had levelled with the ground very nearly all the houses in Belize, destroyed eleven square rigged vessels, and drove the remainder which were in harbor on shore a great many persoja perished great property was lost and many important paperz relattng to the Settlement.
A very short spaea hAd only elapsed after the treaty of 1786, when the bettlerant was thrown into gret confueion in~oonsequencr of t article which prohilited the formation of any system of Government ulouel is'pard had to enooanter most vexatious proceeging. on the part of the Spanish Gommiswary who 7ramined into he state of Honduras twice a year. ae 8 o or :nt proposed
by ir dilliam ma d accepted by te inhabitants,
continued with soe slit3t n nts L f oce to this system which invited he laa itants wite the election :. the Magistrates the 4panish -on i iasary objected, and demanded that it should can e as it was in direct hostility to the terms of the treaty L'eepard p-rceiving the ruin of the Settlement if left without a body to administer justice boldly formed a scheme of temporary police this as partially confirmed from Home, but beiag liable to some objections and not being perfectly suited to the wants and wishes of the inhabitants here, the old Constitution, founded on the Burnaby code, was finally adopted and progated byethe hing's order In spite of all the bluster an opposition of spain. Under this system of polity odified from time to time by resolutions taxen at public betinge of the Inhabitants, we have gone on uninterrupt11y to this day.

The settlers now enjoyed a cessation of -hostilities until the year 1798 in that year the Spaniards made their most formidable and final attempt upon the Colony. iar some time previous it had been known that they were assembling large forces in the neighbourhood. The Governo of Jamaica must have had the best information as a statenmnt of the armaments fitting out in the barbours of Campeachy and aoalar were contained in the Gazette of th island some tie before their destination was known, and it is very remarkable that although the settlement of
Honduras very naturally pointed itself out as the spot towards which the hostile intentions of the enemy were directed, no assistance of any sort was rendered from Jamaica beyond a sloop of war. The inhabitants w6re left with trifling detacinents of two black R1egiments, and a few men of the ^oyal Artillery, with very little ammunition and no warlike stores to defend this important Settlement in the best way they could, but the determination of the settlers to resist the dpaniards to the last was evinced in the most noble arna patriotic manner. s soon as it was known that the expedition was destined to act against Belize, the Colony then under the superintendence of Colonel Barrow, set about preparing for Its defence and made the most vigorous arrangements for a warm reception to the enemy every craft and boat whether of business or of pleasure was armed and manned tmhe houses on St. George's Kay were destroyed it was the general opinion and there can be no doubt it was a corre w0 r that it was the intention of the pniards to posse themselves of that spot, intrench themselves there, send for more troops to Bacalar and then taLe the town at their leisure. The Baymen in order to render this part of the enemy's plans abortive came to the daring resolution of totally abandoning the Kay, carrying off all property which could be removed .and destroying the remainder. It was however of importance that the enemy should not gain possession of the harbour of Ot. keorge's Kay, and accord ingly a few armed boats were sent there to oppose his passage over the shoals. The 5panish armament destined f the reduction of Belise at length made its appearance 1 consisted of 32 sails of small sloops and schooners. with

with 2000 soldiers and 500 sailors. The expedition was conducted by General O'Nell, the Governor of Yucatan, and Field Marshal in the service of pain. On the 3rd and 5th of September the enemy made two attempts to gain possession of the harbour of 4t. George's Kay but on both occasions they were repulsed with considerable loss. On the 6th the Merlin sloop of war arrived at ~t. George's Kay and Captain Mose. R. N. took the coand of the Flotilla. For four days no further attenpt was made to renew the attack by the enemy. An attentive watch was kept upon his motions by the numerous dories which were continually plying.about him, and whioh from the rapidity with nich they paddled proved of great service. On the morning of the 10th information was conveyed to Qaptain Loss, that the enemy were moving and the 4panish vessels crowded with a.en and towing launches full of soldiers, soon apyare bearing down on the British 'lotilla. Captain oes having expected the attack and made nis arragements to receive it, as soon as the punish fleet neared Ais line gave the signal to attack heled the way by a broadside from the Merlin which was followed by a discharge from every gun L. 1c flotilla. The Spaniards having answered this salt a heavy oannonading m-f dlaateljy c._enoted. The difference between the firing was soon visible, the enemy bega to fall into geat confusion a it iaa observed that roar of them had got a ground a division of the negroes dr th e command of their master, a )rave old entleman of ta name of slow gave three cheers ad advaced 11 glish sailors
o board. Phe veteran alol, ar ad inL a orocaded kaurt uit which had belong to Gaorge II, and shouting "Yarborough or Fingarico" was advancing to annilhilabe the Spaniards when he was ordered by captain os to retire, who dreaded the fatal effects to Belize should any part of his little force have been uninecessarily destroyed. withinn an hour and a half after the engagement had commenced, the Spaniards unable any longer to stand the sharpness of the British ire out their cables, and having got their grounded vessel float, bore away with all sail for Campeachy and bacalar t aring to rish another engagement the Merlin was
able to pursue them in consequences of the shallowness of he water and no other craft was equal to it unsupported by e.

By this triumph the inhabitants were relieved from
the deplorable anxiety by whi a they had been long harrassed, and one of her most important trans-atlantic possessions preserved to Sngland.
A naval engagement however brilliant, in which no capture has been made is apt to loose much of its renown in the eyes of the vlgar, but if we consider the disproportionate, force of the British and all the eireumvstances under which thie action was fought, we shall have no difficulty in awarding to the actors very distinguished m erit. The conduct of the sla es is particularly deserving of praise, both as regards their fidelity to their Masters and oravery against the enemy. Although General O'Neil had offered a sum of money and their li erty to all slaves who would desert to him, there was not a single instance of this taking place.
The Colony was now conquered by arms. IThe undefined and ridiculous te dre under which it had been formerly held was cut short by the sword and the more assured and better recognised rigut of conquest had succeeded to it, and its existence as a dependancy of the British pire established. The settlers had the honourable satisfaction of receiving through the Secretary of Otate, the solemn thanks and approbation of their excellent) and beloved monarch, George the Third.
From this date pain has abandoned her pretensions, the Uolony has remained undistarbed, and the most imposing indications of its improving prosperity have taken place, In 1812, the handsome edifice of bt. John's Church was built. In 1914, the Government House, a most excellent mansion was began. In 1816, the Honduras Free ohool was established, ard in the saic year the "ridge across the Belize River, which connects the north wLth the south side of the town was conmenced, principally at the expense of the Crown, and finished in 2 years. In 1817 the Militia was reorganised, and was directed by the late George the Fourth, then rince Regent, to assume and bear upon its colours, the designation of the "Prince Regent's Aoyal Honduras Militia,". In 1819, the Court House, a large an splendid building was erected, and In the same year the Supreme Court was established by Act of Parliament. In 1820 the Republics of Mexico and Central AMerica declared

declared themselves independent of 'pain and from this era Honduras has assumed new and important features. The contiguity of the settlement to these republics afford it immense advantages for supplying them with British manufactures being only two days' sail from Uma, Truxillo, and the anlf of ulce on the sauth ar4 acalar and other parts to the north our intersoirce with them has increased with the utmost rapidity, a OL latest annual -spplies have always considerably exc th o former years.
Mahogany, of a proper size, the hitherto staple
commodity of this place if it is not now exhausted in the forests within the British limits, is only to be found in very Anaccessible portions of the Settlement, and in situations from whence it could not be brught out but at an expense which would render it ridienlous to attempt the task. Under these oion metances the att-ntion of the inhabitants has been latterly turned to th c Itivation of the soil for the purpose of raising aL exportiL the various article of tropical produce VA t awti of
which the country is eminently adapted. The pstIon of the bettleient is so favourable for ceameroial pursuits that it must long ao ltinue the first entrept for the Introduction of British manufactures into -entral ,Americar but to increase the solid important and intrinsic value of the the I"habian ..ust usee th Ir best and
strongest endeavours to promote the improvement of its great natural advaatagee as, to guote the impressive language used by our present ca xrk'eldent in one ot his addresses to the Public Mteting "it must be apparent "hat the time has no.i arrived wnen Capital and the vigorous exertion of Agricultural industry and an identity of Interiests between the iMerohant and 4griculturist are necessary to support that prosperity to which honduras has attained,"
T'he circumstances of Honduras, both internal and
external, are extremely favourab': to commercial prosperity. With a line of coast, of 300 miles in extent, defended long its complete length from the daaerous swells of the aribbean sea, by a natural breakwater of Coral, it thus fords the surczt protection to its coasting trade which known in the habitable globe: and while this long rage fasmooth water connects its two extremities by a safe and

and easy voyage of two days, its internal water commanioations afford no less facility for bringing the productions of the interior to the sea. The h1o Hondo
the Belize niver, the New river, the Bibun, and many others, penetrate into the interior almost in parrallel lines to each other, and except in one or two trifling instances, are navigable by boats for 150 miles from their mouths. These rivers again a-7 ocanacted with eaoh other by various cre-e- r natural canals and lagoons, which are spread all over the country, thus intersecting the whole with facilities for water communication, and offering to coloulnt all t:h advantages which are obtained by a ready and '"re market being brought to their doors. The mosquito .o e nds from oape Honduras on the north
to Ot. John' .ve n the south it. John's River forms the northern LunL 'he Lake ofdicaragua, and -the proxy mity of :oii(u territory to this body of water, the only practto2e uttcation for carrying into effect the 1 long talked f project of cutting a canal in the south so render: the p3) -,.:81 Of this country of great important to the BrIt~sn besides this the country is described to e rich in agricultural produce, possesses an ample supply of mahogany and logwood, and is capable of exporting, and proper management, great quantities of earaparilla, tortoiseshell, and ladigo.
what the celebrated uxno deominates "a country's pride" British Hoaduras possessed a bold and hardy pese try the good treatment ast extreme liberality of the Masters towds: their oerD8ts in this bettlcment was always met by a corresponding sense of juty and obligation Slavery existed only is nane. .ith the laboring population the lash, meagre fare, and the thousand ministers of that canker of industry "oppression it's terrible name," never contributed to freeze tie genial "current of their souls". *In th days when they were the bor# thrall of the wood cutter no better evidenceof their happiness could be wished than to hear the joeund carol which never ceased to awaken the surrounding echoes of the various barquadiers At length the Honduras proprietors consumat: their well von title to humanity by unanimously admitting their apprcnticed labourcrs to the high privileges of '

of British free mn on the lst Of _u nt latit year. on the 29th of June pi-eoedlng her Majasty's &buperintend-' at coioeiving tat the iublio Meeting as at p~resenlt contituted, might be averse to take upon itself the I
liability of passing a measure of such general application as its authority doe not rest on that legal basis eajomed by other -deliberative bodies, c-. ne eda general Iietiag of Proprietors His 4sxcellericy attendcedt by the MagistrateE a.nd Public Officers h aving tai ceu the Onairaderessed the lieetinig at cac;terable leny-t;I, and. o oided his speech by calling,, for a show of haunds of iso wo~ re favonrable to a teirminatkon belrig put to te~evtd of the
Praedial Apprentices: on t: e 'euning f es Io w-ut. The meeting ihavlng responcded to tAe aall Th~ hzswere given for t.he Cu.een Qolonel MacDonald t Ie lft the Chair ad te meting diss--olved. This re iton recei -,d the sontion an caourrecnce ofthePbi Lcic on the
1h July by thie following, u~iosvtfit t-Is &Eting views, wit 4tieac~tion ar OP~th esr
uraiim=usl' adIopted by,7 the inhabitants o i' th Ientent, oat a general rneee of the Owners of i : ntc. n others sinilarly Ltrsdheld in ths no the 2th
day of June last pat by whi-c h measures thy~ nat e onl the Ist ol auus en:,:ng th ~c fapeto ip
-nBelize as- et ihd fl h t zrteen ral
Abolition oZ -I ~ tr su h I i o~i s
F'or thias vote the Inahabitants- reevd : ariua 'thanks of the Queen.
The'-reat event O'1 eiiai Kiatioh sias otproperly
celebrated with the Oo eniic of eli,Ion, -a Prolamation directed Divine eric to be perforwed on the lst August, and great was the stron that day when the Sun for the first time he re, -darted his ray in vamn to find ~ae ad saw nought but the face of fredom's joyous child. A short time before public worship commenced numerous bdnds of apprenticEs, some o-.- whom had arrived not hour before from distances of 200 miles up the "ivers to be present on the occasion, as sembled at the Court House and proceeded in procession to tue Church they were accompanied by bands of music and displayed a variety of gay banners bearing appropriate devices

-" The sons of Ham respect the memory of dilberforce""The ueen God bless her" "Macdonald for ever" "Civil and Religious Liberty all over the orld," &o.
A most suitable discourse from GALATIANS V.I."Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage ," was preact:61 by our exellent and worthy Rector. To thts3 coA :e the emancipated
Apprentices listened aith the most respectful deportment-ard after Church service had been performed they marched into the lawn before C-oernment Hois, the grounds around which they ompletely filled. They wNere received by the 2uperintenden+ who ns aurrounded by the Judges of the Court, the iagiatrates, Officers of her Majesty's Sip Corus, and >f the nd Gect India Regiment. The scene was likewise graced, and enlivened by Mrs. Colonel LaoIonald and a large portion of the beauty and fashion of B e.
After the INtional anthem had been played, .1elson
Sohaw, "Inald spaker" and a "snow drop" of the first water advanced to his Excellenoy ad spoke nearly as follows: "On the part of my emanoipated. Brothers and histere "I venture to approach your 2Hxcellency to intreat you to "thank our Most Gracious 4ueen for all that she done for "us we will pray for Lkr we ,III fiht for her, and 11 "it is necessary, we will ie -for her. e hank your "Eoellenoy for all you have done for us God bless your "&xcellency ,God bless her Excellerty Mrs Maodonald and "all the i(oyal Family. come my cotryren 5:Lrrah dance "ye black rascals, the slag of led flies over your
"heads and every rustle of its folds knocks the fetters "off the limbs of the poor :slave ilubbaboo, oookulorum "gee 2"
Nelson having concluded this energetic address his Excellenoy informed the Apprentices that he had had every
reason to be satisfied with their past conduct, and'hoped that they would continue to demean themselves with propriety, as by that course of conduct they would best evino their gratitude for the boot conferred upon them by the Queen and their Masters. The assemblage thereafter dispersed and spent by the kindness of their late owners the remaining part of the day in festivity and mirth. It is

Is gratifying to record that the various labourers were found pursuing their usual avocations at tne accuse omed hour on the morning otf tA6 2nd, and that their highly preie-worthy conduct ever since has proved them to be hghly oapable oi enjoying the blessings of civilization libertyt,
Governors ofTio~drs with the year6 when they
ameanoed their Ad.-L-istration 1738; [Tenry 6hnrpe, Isq., 141; iobert HodgeoL, and 4_iliam 1pitt, 1wus. 765 Hon. Sir William Burnaby, K~night, Rear ~dirlof the Red, 16; Qolonel Edward Marcus Despard; 179u; Ow.Peter Hter, 1796; The Magistrates, 1797 Lieuat-Col. Thomas Brow, 1805; BLeut-Col. Gabriel Gordon, 1806; Lieut-Ol. Alxander MIark K~err Hamilton, 1809; Lieut-Uol. Joha Niugent Sth, 1814; Major-General Sir G~eorge Arthur, 1822; MajorGneral 41llan Tarpdena Bye, 1823; Major-- ; .wral iwr Cod, ld330; oclonel Franois 0vockburn, 1667; C ulone, l Aexander )Lac32arald, C.B.

B E L I Z L.
Latitud~e, 17 28 14orth
LOngitudte, 88 31 dest Or'
Aocnrdingto) the Obsex'vations of C A T AI N 0 VIE 1, of Hier Majesty's ship "~3Lon Latitude, 1'? 39 2U Ylortii longitaute,_E8 8 20 11cst Londitide In time 51a. 52yr. 33s.
As Fixed by
C PT AI N A R R0 4 kI T H,
Thc en of a series of observations maide during iieventeen Voyages, and -in a short residence.
mean Latitide of the Filag 17 29 29 0 Iot
Staff on Fort George.
'Mean Longitude from l~unar 86 9 15 1Iest
Eolipses of the first, second, aind third satellites of ,piter gave disoordances of 2 or minutes Of time.
-- - -- -

Of 1 itz h Honduras and its Dependencies.
His 4xoell1zt, ey -ir Lionel. 4witli, B aronet, -night
Commander ohthe Bath, and YmigL'ht '-rand
-If the Liojal lianoverian Oder
71B~eJ1n~ Colo!nel Ale-xander IhaovOald, of the
o~ 1 II ry, omr.panicn of th-, .iootso" ora
11t ar Ofdr the Bath, ai -_ight of the
-,dr f St. AnnP of iia:ssia,
2 C :1T~ Y.latr Ick IAailk"r, -IrAe,,
M A G I S T 1Z A S ,8
A ppointcd for the ydar, 18539-
Williamn maskall John Young, 1,. 1).
James MacDonald Win. Usher, Sqdrs .
[,heir rhisare the counisellors of Her Majesty'B
hpe-ri.tendent, thG 4 arins of the Pblic 1eaoe, the

the Jud,- -e of till the Lower courts. Thc- fom the ;on-',;Q of ordinary, Vey are t-he guardians Of WIC, ca.dfile' ate -pEir-5,,js whom they cor,.-ider irlc. f t ,r L I. TKey arc Tlae protectors-of all -,-ro- 1c,-, o :-,' or 2ersor ,,, or of o' -.eir
0,0111 U: a i ro he y se ttle -11 -47 -) -7f: stores, and laemria-lise. T.,c-- -qTr- rt of the
Pjblic -0 unds, al d hivc 1-c -,.;')lio Ireasury
and i -i &,1I OTi c r b f -,r JL
TI-o "'jaF i rl- rate!, Of the
FU I i 0 Zh6 0 F --I i7C Ls app 0 i nt e d t o t of
1 ot" r "'114 -Ic c -.L I S q man-Tel. C--'' ICS Of
'0 "Ot &rid Ecc, -c, .' ', cn Her
Yajcstyls Ip in the
C-arts' U'Y. C-1--Allet, the a'tzc,-,d zLt all i t jr
Jrocc ed a! to ii Ll bu-s In
As s 6 m t 0 r I' J'I bI i c E A 3
recto5,d t- !il
---------j 7) -k Q T n
fi-- -xecilcncy ()olmnel Mao donald.
His 4111am "entle 'Iis H017. (I Ycang
His On. A.LlIaT 'I "!iV HOn, Jr. Yo. ;onald.
Hie 110n. ailliam Gnild AIL, Hlon. 4illlam ushnr.
His 'Honour jamcm Walkcr, J cepcr "Goorcls*
elle Jiidges of the bixprelme-Qourt, are a .--,oi-ited by th
u6rnls Letters patent, ard take aogri-a, 06 Of a-11 LlLrd, ha
Ma--iEjiaughters, 'apes, Nobbcrics, and Bur-lariGs. Usual parlddq for assembly ii--; -' o-f this ,ourt, are the la Mondays iii Fe r-)ary, Jti-z, October. 6peoial sitt'" .are hl-Idiff ncae vary.

For the -OeliM IUVET pICH.A.n A'.': IDERBOJJ, Sequire
1 7r the Territory sitaate between the elvtre "ib-cm "%,d iDay.stoon.
?or V-16 ftio AoLao.
S p a I m iiL. GI 3 T RAI
I - ---- - - - 11
N or-: q, rn Astrl.ct T.eivls 1'clenan,
S 011t ',I "Astrict "" Allian
-----------CIO-Urt Of Crd-Inary.
The ir iF -LL' thrcf: o- wnOm
rm a 0= t
( lcrk --c j!z trav walker, 19squire.
..A 'jour.t g:--,n-z t c i I -L c C 2 o
"!- Aamentary Oi
.,he 1ILGISTRATIZ prebidel,
tierk ot tAv vouTt, iaw c
Assistant lienry'.2ray,
This Vourt sits on the last rixeedaL, 1-i Ycbr-14r 7 i
a-ad OCtObCr. It decides in CaSee 0;9 11t1,-&bLOrA: AIU i

and suahcusas of Alwy, w -n rat Yy-r-nt r7fory the
supTew 00urt.
Glerk of the Gourt, nmt- walker Aquire,
assistant K:t Lsqnire.
This Wourt Ats on all Wty -etions, .-A as AM ander 210., &a. on tv firBt lanlaj in c- 21 ana Ealls
oach awas of Men; au axe not bruuL anivre tnc -uVyGme or QuAd WHO.
ihnnIns noh ytwa, Lry-ire.
-------------------TO 4orsAyful the
L"Lr. "Conctary duihw and
Lew& LoLenanyEsquire, Wfandiary magistrate.
----- Goo ----1- 4aBl- iS 011 T.,:&, j-: I =7IY3.
AV lcetKg assembles on tW first LWay aftEr the sitting of We wraud Court, w-d oflc cy -n ainicied. byi order n- the aeon's Alpfeeent6tiAl At uicry r -ting it
alecK its oan Vhairmane

Ohn H nd 6 r on,
-.a, Richard H, Inc 1 or Fe
A(f 3 i-: Ge orge dilitam
Ad 'Edwtird le
Kaskall, aililum nald, Jamc
B ad -1,
; 0 ff La vj I t' tm' A. o t t 'o j 0 Ilia
Coffir., j.,
Cox, L. -t harl c 0
Crat- ; Wap
Cla, ; :::C -c
-q U he
,'ohn v I. r i U-L-, ,.am
Forbas, ILLI L -l 'illll.m
Ge t-' j 7 5 jTn dill 1. ill I
G, b 7,,, la"'-" L 0,
GD om tu
- vatzraii,
C"-A'-f 41 rk "squire.
0 r r Be r, t I e
------ 00060---'
0 -learanes

public offices.
office Of i ntry and Comerce.
Patrick Walker, -4qalre, Gaptain of Fort George
------------Racord Office.
CIe*rk'of'Qo-urt an 1 .eeper of +3- 'Recoras.
Jamss Walker, 1,,e ,
Assistant Henry Gray, I-e.
--rcf 'ost Marshal General'., Office.
Provo3t Earshal Lewis L"e,
De i uty Mr 0 1 1) w Ia r, T- I Ox
Treasurer aad k ollqctorts o-Pfice.
ZrEa ,ur6r di1liam oialL, a, Lz-,j tre
Pabiic 6earcher
earchar ul; vort :,4:3c -'aylor.
Officer iu omand O-f 4oyal artillery at Fort (koorae.
Iteut. J* 'a. I Iatte-a
Laster of the Governmcnt ohoonar illf Ith
Master of port Oands.- ,.,.ant )ean
Post Office.
Post Magter_- Henry.A. Gray, --v4squire.
I Public 114rket.
of the Market Oharles Oriag, Ssquire.

Qhief Officcr of 201106 Gi!orge EE14ATEDeputy alertt
(;ovcrnor' of Jail David Ro I ockward, Esq.
Overseer of working Party- juador Dumas
------------------Health Officer: John Younpit !I* D*----- 00000 ------ahrjctoph, r Lipscomb, DD,. Lord.' -"Ishop Of J6r&10a, tile Bahamas, and ljondiirasRector of 4t, John's, Rev; Matthc'oi
Obaplain to the artl On: ilaveren Mr.-,-'
Parish Clerk: Mr. dilliam AlaoXa7.
organist. Ir 4,1 on
sexton ThoL i,-, Townsend
Qhurch gardens: jlilit r '"ashall, drA i'11111 ,m Vaughan,
dilliam. G-,,,Ilkd; james vielsh; ovi-L-Liam H. QoffLn; and James
ytoDonald4 and William dalsh, jSq,Urcs.
Hondur4s., oZ! jqree kiahool*
patron His- -0 xqellanoy Qolonel MaqJ)onald, 0. B*
Committee The yagistrate-s, the Rector, the Q-hurch
school Waster Mr. William RoKay.
44rdens, and all aubscribers of 410 per anni
---------- m ---------

Lady Patroness: --Mrs', LraoLonald
Eieoretary: Imiss Elrinston
6ohool Mistress:- Miss O f Carlng 4oods.
1&1331 ONARY I
4esleyan Methodist ireenwood, and Jeffries
laptist Alexa-9der
For the Rellef of 'Jiok -id Indigent and strangcre
Directors 1.,i
lledloal officer -,:,hr,
House Keeper Jerrett.
Tickets ot to be had ov apFlicatiori to any
oT the lletlrzt tratGs.
patron: His 'Col jaoDotiaid, B*
Vies-Presildnt ThE d f -6he' locese
Treasurer GhArles ; s, -6sq-aire.
.F 'alsh,
d Vim.
Secretaries - evd. 1:iPort, B.U. an
Eetahlished 31st jan-aar 1839. Capital, Z5,000 100 shares of L50 eao#.,
D;RECTOM: dilliam H, Coffins- James delsh, vii jiam
Williamson, Jamez H*Blake and 'Am. VUugban -i! Bqri

*99,PT *ft'gf *TIP *177*11 'TTTTjITF *' 38'7
440ITM SUI%0'7
kO9T 'AT'af I lq40T" UO 32 SPUV UMTTTIM :USIBU-9
998T 'qVX'3GTNI 'qlg DI-E'SdVl *R OV
k9GT ljqqmqpiDC[ qq.Lg lbqpTTvH *T ojr ,9T lj:aqo4oo tlUT 'STSSO l *IX 89M'Of CTST '9uUf -,tl4T'3 'UO&TD7*,I*-f A991 IOZC'PIK V-',- "11)WP-IVT 9ZRT, Ijqquij)AOjj 440C 'q4OTT.T7
aw im D qm a I rl
WST "-x9qblDAOII '41-OT 'U9'POS *0 *X, UTVAdvo IMZ2 4uos.TaPuv 9t *f *a o 9'eTJ
4.UBMTSDIT op, WIU g:o ,,,U 'i' TIA
pua Ul saoaor 91 1- To ;&j-qG--aT-aqpErmmof)
I'MOTUTvlq qfw. l go 7-77V
-------- 00000 ------f UOSjaBqO7 GD
3CO, -Exeqo
ZO palmo Wr ':40TlV9c
*trG=lwo IT ,I H q n oxopc=oo
---- 0000---#0 'PTSUO(TOnN T9UOTO,) AOU9TTBDXR SIH
*Iolqq 041mtgow qtT4 ;o S rj-x stT2*&p9rsw al]g
:99 Oil Ilya
----- 000---'Nob *a pj:lRuoorl
oaTubs, 'UOSUr6TTTTP MgTTTTP agmasgal

Pirst Lieuttenlant -' JO V. 1Xttenl, 1th Nov 1827.
Staff-Aset.- surgeon: Those~jn 25th Mlay, 1815.
A.set. Commxnesaxy-Gencral 47ohn Tench, 7th June, 1825 Deputy-Asst.-Omiarr-eneral, Thos. Qlarke ,l0th-Aug-JLf3
Aides-de-oaop to the Oo-inn Aner in Uhief.
major Riehard personn, unattaced, June 28th 1 'i1 0
!,ajor e6A i cLenan, unattached ., i t 1
Uajor Fatrick IWalker,, unattached, Febru'ary 1st 1839.
JLJR-G~1B~iL:Marshal Bennett, commission dated 21.2,.39.
OOLOBKL O0AAllT: I1iam He Qoff in 21st Dec. 1835.
LI.RUTEUNJT 000ihElb: 4~iiliam JAtsli, commiss ion, dated 1tb Ivember, 1832..
Jervis Harrison, 25th December, 1838. M&JORs: Richard 4. ardlaw, 25th eoember', 1838,
George W. arren, 25th December, 1838.
CAPlTAI M: Charles Cunningham, 17th December, 1843.
James Banks, 22nd iecember, 1834
Georgd 1). Adolphus,2nd ijecem*er, 1836
Ailliam. Gentle, 3ra December, 1836 James H. Blake, 4th iDecemberi 1836
dilliam. Cropbie,
Robert Humie,
Joseph E~. Swasey, 5th December, 1838.

CAPT4INS: continued: Richard H, Bowen, 6th Dec* 163811.
amo Peables, 7th Deocmt er, 1838,,, 11hos* F-41,llips, 26Vi Dec., 1838 1
James r. 2,ooth,
Henry d.'-Vtney, Decem --r* 5th 1866
7 6 h nlb c r 11 183G '8t
5th 1838
Ak6T, Gth 3 t 8'!
Art. ,A.0146nan, 7-th Dec -ir, 16 ',8 Marc,- 8th Deoc )6r, -1338
------------rd Arvans, 6th December, 1833
ACTING Jilliam Ste-Nart, 99th i7ovembler, 1836
T-'!- : George date-re,
5th Decar ---, 1638.
John aamixel A-uguLt ZLd 4'ril, 1838.
LIBUTENANT COLO=: 111liam valt-han,
'ATTAIM: John Usher, 18th june 1831
John 'B4 --sarskine 5th Deeember, 1838,
4ndrew 0-anninghamt
7-' S T MiIIANTS s Edward X0 lewis, Thomas Jennings, 22nd December, 1838
Charles Bl- don,, it n
j-JIBUn--- Oi0hard 2nd De ember, lamt.
2atrick C D6. Brien,

ADJU"TIAXT: James ii- Batltdla, 19th -dezember, 1634. QU"TER IL" TER: Stephen wanting, 6th Ootob6r, 1862.
P L 0 T I i L A.
Naval Alde-de-Oan)p to the Couxwictsr IR-chilef
Commander Robert Turnbull, 23rd Ue c 6
co=odorfi: vil llam Veher.
COLZIAILIDERS: John Hu3)hes; John Day Betson; 111liam Gab o-are 1
and uharles robertson.
YI16T Henry A. Gray; John A.. Oraig; !,o )nard .1 .
U-jrx; Gcorgc U* abcmrel; Oi)srler Wi4rman S.U'l (36orge, iitketiiiy.
-;uward olly; jarld Jun.,*
ltl' iam 0ims.,Uchur; ll,.iorgtj jd. Ucher;
te y;
'adrurd; .laibp t
Alexander l3r- -olme; tirederick
TLndo; John Y(, c-3y QookFi; Geor.-e
Haylocic, a-ld T"i,"vard.
JUDI]xE ADVOWLTI;, 6LND 0 12 CldLQ Do_: :
Jame doods.
Ij 6aCTOR OF John iter.

bA un
Commanding Lilnacr-. -,'ajor 4me Alaskall, 3rd Feby. 18-30. .ikssto Baginoer: '-In ailliam Depv-ty Gxneral: JaMG' 8th Feby.1830.
Da-putZ -Quarter-ILLatiter G4nl: 0-haso -4vans, 26th. Qota, 1836,6 Aest._ Adjxita t ral: "Nillia'm Williamon. Brigade YmJor: John Eo Hexidersono Military secretary : Jamee McDonaldjr. 22nd Jjove 1 13Bpri- ,tLte 4earatary: James
)eotor a nd : e epe r of Arma
Clo thing, :i. -,d "ccoutrements: liaj or patr i c-k aaUtfcr Jan.183 Atiet. Coml,,..,arZ j enaral;- Robert Pe 4da 2--,th Oct* 1836 p Esjclan to the Forces: John ronng, M.D. Tanc, 1830. surgeon: Tam as Wills, Dep-aty Jadge AdvOdatt: John McDonald, i3th .aroh, 1830. Provost Liarohal: John laCriox.
------- 00000000 ----------

-nlering all Pritish Ve- :ls, eciian 0ce~,~'aOf
~Stores and Qertific,,tas ofA th 2nedorn of the Vtesel; .taking an account Off the ears 06rtifyin.1g the Entry, &oo o-f" each Veaeel,, ioakln,- juarterly retlarns of the above,* to her Majesty's SeerI o, ;-,tate, for the 4ar an~d the
-Colonl. Dpatment........ ........;Z.0*
,Claring all I s resa' wove lo"J~c a t pe'Liza 2,13.4.
'Olear Ing all vsIs as bove at 4i1~ ........... 1 6.8.
Entering all Oeir V e s as abovc- r ....... 3.10.,
'l~ntering Uolor 1al fesel,7s, arriving from oregn
'la rin ~~oe Ye5 loai~ded at l- e.. 3. 13.4.
Clnearing a,1l ?r'i 11V9r Loaded at2 vibun 4C..6.13
,Bonds' for'al r1'es m...........................80
.sfttr~igra ~eirtr .. .. ..... 12.6.
'Eah erifiao fr anc(AIIing, PIonds for all or.
sioh rtr oh th ,-,rgo as, 3ma7 be, req- i:red .... 2r
Be~~~sterin ~ ~ ~ t al tesl belogin to th ot t 1. 50
hearing alvresbelionging tv the at~ma .1.~
Clenri- aassoor ar tos .........
Title to 1-ot rLt otf troid .....,......... 2.1e.DX
Fassport to lev ,chtlem~ent... ................68
certificate ofL I-ffice. ........40................. U*00.i
.ame- under the orltdetshand.........68
entering Caveat......................,
Marriage 1icencle .......................6..*..8.
Warrant of ev ae fficersp.............. 0........ 61.0
darrant labrMaer.......6................. 10, C..
'ais- rr e.o emn...................... 1
three commi-so of .reeer ot the rUloPoo 0 08
--or theo0i'on r tI oro e
F~~~~~~~~~~r~~~6 thU~ii;~n ~ 1~lororo......o ,.
or he ~o~nJ,--ei)n f'ol-rk ,ttaeSoprerir and
lo ~' c ;io..............,J0

jor :7T-,, ion o a- 5-tant c1c, rk f or the snprlsm. ourt
o:c .................... 0*
wor ttil3 -j-nt)A c ...... ........
0!" the --KJn9'<- .......... IU*ib. 4*
PLO*r the Provos", IU. .1 4,
1 Irc- T a r 07
sion 0+ cr .............. u
t. jz. o or, J,- i I la, the IdU it JA 21. 0. 0'.
o the 0 1
jlov, ttla C(I ... 1, i f"0111missary-Ge I'll. Us,
' P or, t o 7 -jor
dltto 1",; 8* .0o
-ditto- the' Ormandar-in-ChIE r D. 0
mor h, .......... u
-dittO-. 3. b
-d itt 0- Adj 7 ...... 34,
-ditto- i.,ur-Eort 0.10.04
-di'ttO* ik-- T 00
Y:Arraxit of a ....... 3. E 1 06
IttDl-, Qrz.. 31 U1,
taxljig, eacli parAo,,,Is narm. on leaving ;Iie
-------- 00000000 ----------

iyabie to tIf 1 of Qotrte and Kr. per of 1coords.
issuing a -uunicA~ie~sro ort, for swearldrg
Jurors, th eitro t-c-~ tetiL;.keepIng the inul~tes alc oo'iraLCijii oin r any ums
I-seuiflg a Grad Oort n.................10.
I.sauiflg a Graid viourt Venition .... 1:4. term1 6~ t rfa 1o r 'gnit...1.. 0..
Issung a~tm~~fft cn p~a~>...........
of 10 ;o-'ri........................
TIia uro f; aF -t twprir~ V
~~serain. .urr .~ .ina .he e.. .. .. .. 4
~~unsnon-1e_ 01t11iig u all A.otionea ii
61rninons, a n? la'- ov all 'ottiov r 't Oan 011 rt 10
~avari~ te ~art ju~.................... 1..
*B411 of Idotst................... 26
CD.Py -of lIlls arIaIn~ai~~dne....... 26
S riaL of ever, oapitlt feowern jurors,
* swearlkig 2"vidn, ama ta-,ii:Ing down
proceedings........0. 5.0.
----- 0000-F0; the recovery OfDebts of Ten fouide and under.
itrnmonse s eachi ........... .4.

, iRY c RT continued.
Z ,,z iioi, a -,1 ,he Court-on Jul"eate of Z2 ard
'T rear- ,roccedings C. and swearing
1'.viclence.P. .10.0,
Same on nto of Z5 O-IT
I r U to o ......... 16.Be
6ame on of Z10, an over Z5 0 0 ...... 0 1. 3.4,
A j 1,xe; on 5.00
A Vuiidit' oni 510,
watering aat, 7. t.' 2,,6.
s 0 0 0
5, xile Juo 1. 0*06
.......... 6.0.
a ........ 0 ....... 3*401
X!, or. .00 i3.4,
In "he "Ourt'; -L*i ;(-----------J r I t Lag d o,:ia '6'- ,-idanc6 on ail Trial- PrOCk kdIngs ag for cafltal 410-0*00
1.4ritin(- a., a!-, a i-i i Wur:c- hcrr 0 -1 .15.00
An ordf-.,r fc- -7
aticL ... 0 7,,6,
for, 4:6pp ,_ 1U.00
.................... k.00
1; a S6ar, h 1. i3.00
Issiaing. a Dletreas ;Lrrai onfi persoii*** 29. 10*04
: Iiort Dl re:iT4iarIAnt for Flnc from
J'aror"7 each 4 0 .... ***..*a 10.06 Coroner's Ixiqn -st -at Belize-. 2, 16*0.
i_, 6, thc s On t Ga orge I e Xe y or
0onVention Town Co
I, I a :irlt of Citation to 4: J"dges Of the S,_Ipremc, 13.49'
vi 1ttng the sentence "j-7 At'tendliqg the' '!;'0 sIttic und
decide on petition for surveyed, per day.. 1.

L, Ii~D'ci1TAL L~t __UR!! 00n' initcc.
Drawing a warrant Of EUr'VPY on a ship or goods .. Z1. 12. 6 .1atting upon the LMagistrateas at their 11,,,)u se s, with a petition or letter at the instance
of, sAy t'ad I -.dual... *..............1. 0. 04
~Reording a' ioper of "4ttor.1.icy under a City Seal,
with one affi'idarit a proof, and without
acoun~fts.................3. 0. CO.
If vitp, morehppc,3r i e ,,a with
accounts, rer pag Do 160 w 6rd.................. a.
wxtig eriu ~ or a' Ll esrer, adnd Oath .. 13. 4. Recording7 hs -an ................. 4.
writing the -3,, f!or a ..cas-,;rer.0.................10.0,
An AffidavlIt Lndj' leiu or Attachment i.... 1. 0.
Bond taken on the- ae,....,.. ,.......,.., 1. 0 l .
Coats of 'oart On roeutn the sane........... 2* 6.
For throw wig oat a-It by thv_(,-rt ..., .... b. 0.
"Or oiJdnif ut pen ..u.t.. 15. oFor lay1, o,-r -0 noint u)oei~curt 50 u*
a~itn, atit'ioP t teM _Lgistralter.. ............5 L .
6 a CLI flg, -t A t ,Ior5 a 600 ~eo d i~n xl e Ci o1n" "......... .. 13. 4.
Letters of 44ininiEztra-tion, Tes tamenta-ry, o'r'2 u
incbn! ie t5he I titon, pond, n raorc_il~g
Appa1~'dct.......... 5. 0.0
Letter-~.:o 'ard sifrwtngLte, Bons nt tiio..............20 0. 0.
Atteaiding- M~agatiaten on t,ls. o ailors- ad reornL urc ,2g. .,.. .1 0. 0.,
-Docket of theh& ..... ....... 0 *10 0. U
IBonda andi Lice fe foY ei n pL Ituous ligquors 1. 0 A common Power of Atto)rnej..............4.........10 0. 0.
Paoording, a Go'nmon Paoviex. Of mttorneyR anrl Probate 1. 0..
*fIrtinc i i rwrdini. a t.on or Bill Of Sale .5 8
Iriting orrecordin, -,a.ill of Parcels & Probate 10, 0.
Samne a Bill of -"%change, or location of 4orks 8.
kll 'acopiea 'rom the~ iRecords, per page of A-60 words 6.8 'Reccrding -prooeedings On trial otf capital cases,
calculating 160 words per page...................,8
Reoniing proceedings on Trials, or other matter%
diot catptal -, where -evidence haz been taken, down
pq pgeof160 words....................6. 8.

13 8
!NOIDENTAL LA.4 continued.
-------------------------gTiting and recording objections to- -ctions going
before inrlee, where Lvidence Is not taken dom
only ehort statements s of tte rertius, calaulating
160 words -rw, page 6. a.,
arA recording Objections to Levies, Der page. 6*8*
ffitne es Ing and m!7! -i of Q'Ontraot or service 1* 6* RegistGring YmTT.iac- ........ 60 84
salary, pc-r annum 04
The takl g a- the population of the
ettlema-nt, e- Ty three years ... **#*..#,10Us0* 0
G R A N D C 0 U R To
- --------ItsuinLi!,tt6nd.V-,, and 4arni-, Jary .6 .............. 5: 0
revying ....... 5* 0
Vendltloi.-i 6. t3:4
Commission, b r, r csnt on ",-h6 f1rot Z100 -, 2-k If is ad-,i- .i.,cd or
fln serving 4ri-s from 24 0
g (30py -,hereof is 6. U
rv Iri',- DIStM,1- iurrant 6. U4
;,e r7: in!, .................... ****so G 0 8
y an d a' -7 on
koll foi ',ha 7f a :,r..'Oer of
I I a L:e C U il-g ..... *** ... 40 00 0 !;a,! Eie D.-AtatIS 0 0 0 0 0 4 a 0 a 0 50 '- 1 8 -"::coc1;,-J1-.L A,:n round the town Of BelizG so. 5, Z 8
ol erl i.nq-uest on the body of a white
Person 50 60 8
Same on that of a black or colored person ...... Zo 12*4 lari Ing ahd att6ndlng vLaetlngs of the Magistrates 13.4 ud-ges of the Onpreme Uourt, sa:d serving
vitatioll'S .40 0*
OPE I Ing and ad i ourning 4'ap reme U ourt 0 .... 5. warningg survey on ship or other vessel ......... o 1.12. 6
- -----------

serving summons ....... o. f. 3o 4o
warningg eary and, attending Trial ........ 20 G
Avylng IMeetition, 106 0.
3* 4.
Com. 2j- per cent c-- all If adv'erti', ,6d
or o.1
on Agency for P- do
On committing I,-- or r 0610
on negotiating 2;
On endorsing bill On
On, charterl'-'- C 7 r J.-I_ frri 77 11
on, L'T
On roe 6 1v fn- J" L
c handL t 3.1"
On r- n e i -, 1, -, per ec .A
O j Storj i T
ZE; ly a'
paid zo e-mo',-ed 0 day.
The legal cc,,-t
per annu--*
Tligh premium o' L--urwlce c Vie -'i-r s t o
Augus t -,
H I gh, pr a r,, Jum o v ranc c t j -,,e I-.- t h of
Re -To
,41exz .rder Qoe Andrei4
Campbell, Youh,, Z Uo,; 3Donald
Qo. & Qo.
F-- anclsoo CamdYwqo (;azmicbael
-1% 'wasey
i)a vrols & vo* -d L;. ;)
s h)e r.
_al 0 1 Goff,.
J"'-in 4olme Y VILUS S: Toledo.

OfU~stea, hiEfYate, Df h~e and pfrsons of resaptability ....l.4
-Tablets ........
MRS~ _nwij TAR1~ ETILIO.
Noting a 1?rote'st ..,.i.6. 8. ttendlng a prote-. t w~op fi;t
.rot execdg 5, p geC oa.p;at IngJ60 words
per po ~4.0. Q.
Tbeocdlg ~e~,or with more than one
Affidavit 5. C-. 6. Other Notarial aprs, or countss per'page
oaownt16 0 words, to0 the' page .... 1. 0. Q). Notarial. Cer-tIftcateq to ary papers, with seal of' o-FfIice *2. 13.4:4
Drawing a H rtof ONrveyors ....1.
Similar ch-arges a-re Made for Recording the
abone/c~ rnt' paid by the party......
PrItV in......................
The iaw requires that Ihc ide be paid at the, time of. Service, in default ot whic, iey aro. -eoverable by :!arrant o-1 iistress
~ io on ftecang ajLea, puilii or private
on 611 ,-,0j~ awoont...o................... per cent.
) oy ooxe 01 IttrI..... on amoujut of inv Ice, 01 arge or h ari
cargoee purchased or shipped......i
On r~2antseeI ag s~les of 4oocLs sold'on credit AII
or Del-Credere.............. t
on endeavou~ring to effect saiLes, during six
montjjin on account of tirst cost......2*
lialf aredo..............#.......OL 5. 0.
Quarter, do..................2. 6.

vaontinudd-.ighth do....................... 1.b
lort pa,"s for every transirn v,.se : ricearing 34
pnihor Uarib raft, ........ 4.
-it ',shot tired to hrin,- t(,,, s e *2 00 :,,very snot fired tteirta '~sfee is
dolable that ofth'aI.ird
The IZaW f'qie I ht t aecse- Fae (IBe Vai a-t time of
-Service, :ndia.t 5.ihl, the- ~' reoca by 'Jarrant tkres
r~~-r Olerk.
Of white ov 4i an
chidre...................*C*0* L04 10. U,
.f~blaok 1cs,6....... ..*. 6. 80
Of ,v Ate a r-d p e r z;o a o f o oir ... 1 h,54. 113,4. Of black persons ...... 00.1. 6.B0.18
O A ;it e AIil persons ci* colour ... 6.8. 6, 8, 'black 'e)tn.........' 1..' .4.
.. .........*~. ~5W .~
0~ 2arra~es....................1.0. 2. 6.

Minister. Qlark.
01 vj nit e' and pe re oils of' c 01,01ar 'ove 13.4. Z0.13*0*
Under thLt ,e ....................... 1# 0 6 8
01 black' erZon's', bo- e' 16 r 1
years 13*4, 0. 8:40
S&me -hnd6''10'kears' old ......... *0 11 06 00 0 61U, Of paupers of al! classes 0 13. 4 0 3,4,
For scrviy- ,a:rrant 12# 6.
00 i-o nV U. U.
...... 'R Ott
a ....... 12,
"or ap- without alarrant It U* U.
Zor goir- -,n 7-2, rd sni-o toserve a warrantt U6 0. 1por attf- '_- ':L 'Ition uf warrant before
-..--43trates .*** ..............
Readinq I 6rder round. the town,
-c -,L- 'Aad by a Bell
Sending -)c :m i the town, Ath notice of
2uh-Lic --"-!tIng
-Removing dead. bl tiloekcei from'town or
6. 8.
oving uogs, o"-tecp G*oats, 37r ?,Ogo, from taln
or vicLcAty.
The Policemen are avthorlzed to 17-iii atl Pigs and
Aangerons Dogs, straying il 'tc t0-m of 73elize, or in Its 'VIcini tY.
Cor.ninitr.ent on warrant or magistrates, order q ; W. 6* U. Dideharge ............ 5. 0.
11cjs on qarran4. f or "he 'Arst 't#n'dd2t 1910
Cornltmcnt not on warrant S.
Fees on warrantt for every day- after tsn days.- 0- 0-10li ,eaz per day 01 0.1u.
A ge lat ton y oice r of C olirt 1, 5# 00
"BuricLi of paupers, 6 6f, ................... 2. 0. 0-

For every barrel of 0.pdo S100 1be stored In
the liiig'3 iiagazine at i~w~s Barracks .... 0. 10. 0.
OU 0_ 0CL1 Duties a&,r -Su -2x re lev'Ied under -.e Ii-)B.Jty of
$4ots icvied b, tne6 uub:Lic YMeeiLzig.
,Llcjaor Lic-'.ccsz, &;al charge fromi djate ot ---,e s50 each 7- Tt Ish Tong r, t ...... Z per tor.
w u g a r. .... ..... lot f- per lOl.Isa
Tea *b."lb.
Coffee' 1/To baoG 34 I
sIrit and lnee /
iTorses imported ..... ...... 29/- eaah
um ber .5/ per t,;wt
-Horses kept In Town,. 40/ each
Cattle....................18 pcr head.
TTnrated articled,. imsorted on Britis!h aorount, 1/- per cent, ad valorems.
!Tnjmted articles, imported by iiorignere, or on oreign
Accounts 5/- per cenit.
All Carriages, carts, and -Urays, drynby Aorses or ,sles 40/-orwel
C- 11oreigs. Crafts, ea ich................ ..s/ ie.
--------------000000 -------a~borr Ilaster and -, rrien o.l the :SIlots. &hli 4lip ein.

i1alf 1,1oon icy --' --V-on.
----------'dilliam Gill Alliam Yo'xnt )
Alexander Abrahams Francis lon---,worth
John Iocke Joseph 10111g" *Vorth
JO.'m Ynmg JQhnathan Pr, ,tt.
s orit he rn station.
Jo-'Cph Bo-urne joee-Oh. aptist
-In : vett
Put-evzon Jumf "Irap----- 000000 -----I
2i-lot 'tO'B&Ij'Ze
riron .6c -i- ,.At tiear -o-r
-7 *t
pe r c, at, iiipj tr= the day 10 1
ehall tkja rt:VT jtdisclli -,T-c le Lprom "Belize to the T'llt V G'qOA' Or
or vicelversa-*, # .o.........,.,...,# ........
jilotu-' 'trom G:13verls 1,--, L 201,:r -Aye,
that vicinity, 20/7- 2rr foot* an 'J. draft, from St. GC orge s -"-.a
From ey Bokel, 15/ 1-5/
I rom j englishh Key, 1* over the liarrows'; and 3/4
per foot mo:rf+,,, t iro7agh. -4rennell's Qhannal,
Pilotage from the anchorage of Belize, ilbuft, and St.,
Aorgels Yey, to the jand bore, throur-rh the Narrows, 10/- per Oot.

From B61io-c ibnn or ,-to -Tcorga Is i,_ay, clear ot liaugre 1"ey, 20/- per oOt.
Pilotage frol"I zcil 1-'-" .... 101,eiiotagrz, to oibun not
exceeding 14 fect abovi, "L t half pi-Lota,7c
more 0
,,L,o the hw7ard of 0111t -i-"- O, no set
pilot ze "!-'d by agreement betw- -he 1,, astcr
and Pilot.
Ioi evGry r 60 tons 0. 0*
ilor 60 to ....................... 1.1U4 Ot
or luu ....... ...... 2. 5. GO
For, upward, u tons 3# (je uo
&na Its vicinit. fl,&14 6/8
-At -: to i un 2oint, and _107TO thF 1374
Passage i :' -or o", i d r d w tie n
the southwLira ot
David betson, church, ai 1-i'.ar i eF le:, uningham, Iohii Henderson, Jervis U. 4aidlaw,
George urals, Robert L11me,
je -f -Icth, T cs kood Henry
t# # u. i ire 7,
Gardiner, r4chard wjen Go Do L. 2. j.
Robotean, Thomas khMips, -. ooth, and Niliiam.
----- OOOO-T----QiPtaih 6odeta, 2nd

. il D 6 U E'F,Y 0 R S
I Henry Gard 1,,-ie r, A ,rt Hume and
4oods, Geoi- 7-. i*v_,_n.aL_, -d Arize
VICTORIA, z!161! be Ur I Italn
andjr of I tll- the cz
t)v! a ILa Y
e4th, 1619.' oe-ind h,-,, 4, JiwF 20th
:U83 7. Ir odt 'Jui tc '21 -: -1 I 0,,.,ac L J- t 1 38.
------------.L:Ieiaide, ',-Aater 07 he Duke oi *Aaxe Ijeininge- born
t 131"1 111.92, I-iarried jaly ilt -1 1- o i-, -#- te JV, ,qaq 41(id. jime L,,! i37.
Victoria 11mr5 I,., t e r -) I t, a 1) C- f 6 axe
Qobiarg, Gotha, )r i k-1 I-,IL -rl I-jd 29th
1818, tothe latc 0 one
A 16 rmn d. r tna -V I qt a r i c n t tv T-Ji D!ike rdied jamary, 23rcl, W2.,,
AllglmtL, ohpia, iiovember 8th, 1768.
th, ]day, 22ncl ITIO married i prll 7th. 1818,* tO
I-I-Aerick jogerh jawlsi Ijandgrave of Talesse Homboarg,
t--,! X117 30th 1769, who died o prll, 2nd, 1829.
t MLAover .e of 01mberland, JIME btn, 1771 ,.rrica L1ay 29th, 1816, Frederica
60*0hia %jaroline, of the Duke of blecklwnburgh,

Dnke of Meoklenburgh, and wif'o',v ot 7 Ircd Williair,
2rince of Solmt-BraunfGls, born iaurch, 2nd 1778. I ;Sue: George Frederick, .", y 27th, 1619. A'UG'USVJS 0i w:sex Jan. z7th 1619
r by. 2/1th 17T,!,
"Ouisa, rliece
Issue: )rgf-- 41ill 2utli --- ta Caroline
July 19t,ii
14ary, Ar-il 77G,.marricd Jall, --,.rid i-i.-, to her
cousin. cd. aake of o aoc 1 e r v- ied
TYo--A)cr ,uti- i
Sophia, 1777.
---------------3ophia lAatilo.a, 2 rd May, 1773,
Pirst Tjord Of thl
CluAncellor of thap T springg Rice
-Lord Chancellor -)rd President of the-CT--.1- 1 "Lid ,downe
,iord k:r1vy-,,3eal, ai-ft wlr-t of
lard Rever,"F
-raretarlcz of Aat(: Dept.) Tord, fohn -RussGlf
coio.Aal 1 ord Zleilelg. "'Irst, Tord o-l' the Iralt-.- Tarl o I Ujato President of the of Q oi.,Lt ro I. Pt, ",Ir
President o*F Vie Sow-,I. of TraaG
11 or 0 f t I -e 1 :3', T ano a c r. 1,n d A aorG tary of

Postmaster General Earl of Uchfield Lord Chamberlain marquis of Conyngham ,ord Steward Duke of 4rgill
-"--ter of the Horse -.Yarl of ,Ibemarle.
4t. HoiI. Henry of the tiint and id.ent of the Board of
raA6. -qt. 'ion- iFnry 11abouchere. ."a -( general of the Ordnance Et. -,'oi- '7Jr 4ch. He Vivian, bt.
Chief secretary for ,Lttorney-G6-'iekal ir '. ampbell Iollcitor-G621eral- st-I
Lord -1 Ma rq'ae S s of i,,x---ardy
nt of Irelaxid
Lord lJord ill-ankett
OT -r ak
of ,c:es -AlInt.-ieni. d e ey
301ioltor-(Iei -r4- -izlere Brady,
hLe 7'
Speaker pi--ht, Kw-. jmes ,)ercrornble
..... ... ..
Right -Hon. 1111am Howley, D*D#' and Mord
Arch PishOP of Canterbury, and Primate of all llngl )md
Conmander-in-chiefs General Lord.Hill. 1,rillitary Secretary: jt i-Genl. lord 1?itzroy &;omerset, Adjatant-General: Ljejjt-Uanl 4 jr joha Maaj)o iald

,ord o-",the I r, to
.-Ii"In liurrow, 7.1-
C Vivian p
or a E -a
14 C I ,,-,)df Ord.
iz, a 1 t a "ic'jultrd lonl.ijower Ua-n-da: nSTal: LiGut.',"S3 'Eir John
1,; Iborne
Upper i. ajo- 46nerai Zir "'Gorge Ixthur
Nota 500tia:
NOW Brunswick: A.island o-;r
JeWfoundland: _40,;L2 ,C-r Jamaica: Governqr Bt
Bahama island -. Lt. -Ge Cql. 70--id'rras licixt. Gov. 001. A: exandqr naa-vonaid,
Iadoas: iovsriior and, cf o badoes,
li cia, T:7iridad
-Vincent: Gov. oal t* 0 7 -, 0:r
Grenada: Lt. Gov. aal ;arlo Jo Do.-Ir T-Aago: It.-Gov. T-T. j. -uarling
I tigila: Governor and Ocl iiT, I f oteerrat, t t. C)hriF,tr,l-, -,i-, vIr-in and
lea,- fit. 'jol jlr d. QOJ c brooke.

nontserrat: %iov. and "ommander-in-Ohlef Lt. Col.
Mo G. Qolebrooke.
St. i t. i7,ov.- Ool' t lr G. klacleod.
Nwv'is: James Daniell,
virgIn 7rc; of vouncill, Thomao, 13sq,
DOMInicat lic ut-f- o or
British Guiana: 1, t _I) of U;Ii-ed Qolonles of
Demcrara, Lesseq _' --), ird I --cvno fcnry JIght, zacri ire
13erbioe: A-- L I a llt Fc ere t ary C' _jv ire. Trinidad: Tit. ,tight Ion. 6ir G. Tlill nte
117,t Tucia-- T.t.- -ol. ITv6rar& Bermnda:- 4 ore-cj_-" "401. .4mo Reid.
Ocylon: -O-(;r On. Jase Alex.
116 w Q, out'.-, C Z jr 060. "17r.'.
Van Di,_-_,I,_, rra r Sir .460
Gov6r ,.or e-nd
Qha Autt" i BCIU12z.
60"ath AU(OffIcs Ad 71,_ i fracE ) biC -G01.
'Torrens, 4. A. (1, - "2 1_ Iutt'
Ge 0 2alme r, jpni. j r) ronte t i o7rc lls ,
Vd-vvard 3arnard; Josiaa Lloi,,ext a'. Ja,,:. I& An'-ton, Ls
Gapr of *4ood Hope,,, Uov. and L ,) ri4la-0111c f
jajor-4enl.Sir :,apier.
't. Helena; Gov. idajor Genl* Geo. :,, lemorG lanrktius: Gov. lient Genl. '011liam-Nio6lay, 61erra Ieone:,Go'T. it.-Col. Rich. Dohertyq*
G ar. T : Lt-Go'7. ,lilliam UaOP-Ie, Esquire.
------- 0000000 --------

V dC Im
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4W 4'
Ak Ar
t t4pp 41AIIIA: he