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Report

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Report
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British Honduras -- Jubilee Public Library Service
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Belize
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English
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v. : ill., tables. ; 34 cm.

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Libraries -- Belize ( lcsh )
Libraries ( fast )
Belize ( fast )

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Belize National Library Service and Information System
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Belize National Library Service and Information System
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Full Text
BRITISH HONDURJ'13
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE JTUBILEE PUBLIC LIBRARY SERVICE
1COR THE YEAR ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 1959
PRELIMINARY OBSERVATIONS
Towards the end of the year one stt lunch n:i bor of the Libra ry
Con.-litteo con ,'Lofltcd to the Tbrarien t-Imt undoubtedly 4a veryj successful year would be, recorded in the Annual R-eport of 1-959. This was to ra great extent an accurate satenent bc-cause the year under review Proved to be one in which substantial pro-gress vas effected in thegreat, task. of providing the world's. recorded knowledge to the* citizens 6:t British 7londuras.
In 1959 the Jubilee Public Library Service coupleted its t,-,rontyfourth year of eXistence.' It began in one donated building in 1935, then spread in thoe foll owing year to five sll books tocl.s in the mi~in district tmns of the country. For the first',tm-nty yetrs, progress w#,s in..peded through lac% of fi-mace, bookstock? 'trained staff, and an overall policy of devolop-ieit. 'A newu pharse coirecncod in 1955 when, with ziore realistic greaiting of funds, and the appointnent of a qualified Librarian, a better policy of Ilvoloa-4,t could be, unelortahorI.W Issues increased trc-Dondously, service- -oints w, re opened all over the country, tlhe Service becarno a-free onc, and the building up of a trained professio-ml staff con -encod. In~ 1951) this trend of prczrorss continued unab~.tod and wit~h increased Paco as t1,1 foll, vinig section portrays. In all. its plaps. for devolopnont, the Service euplhasized th o huwmn tlenc rt tht isI in t'het f im~ 1:!,ysis, Progress should be geared to one a im. -- tbai;. every citixbr. should et. the bolt ~or i ,Xor'-a tion '-oI wants.
Am rt fror. the inclica tion of' prOgress timt could be observed
generally, tho foi owing tangible points dcsoi've exclusive rmentionr
(a ) issues increased front; 100$000 to 113,000 voluinosq
(b) IL now branch (Ciav rel a lnibrary B ranch) wasopened to sorve tho citizens of Belizo.
(c) kTow Service-ppoir.)ts were ope-ed in Bel~ize, Ronring Creek,
Seine Bight End u1i River'.
(d) A Fivo-77ear Plan of 18. pc ?,e wasp Proparpd by theo
Librarian for subsequent devolopmont in the Service.
(e) The first large order of s-v)GcLia1, bound child.,re.-'s
books wafs Mlde.
*(C) It was possible, to add to t~he -prof essioral staff of
* the Survice.




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(g) The National Collection in the Central Library was
augmented and placed in much better accommodation.
(h) Plans for the celebration of the Silver Jubilee Ye
were started.
These various items are explained in succeeding sections of the
Report.
3 COMMITTEE OF MANAGEMENT
The Governor appoints a Library Committee under stipulation of
Section 5 of the Jubilee Public Library Ordinancel'1935 (No.37).. Those serving on this Committee in 1959 were as follows:R.P.K. Harrison, Esq., M.B.E., M.A. E.P. Yorke, Esq., A.C.P.
J.L. Blackett, Esq,, B.A. Hons., L.C.P. Rev. G.R. Hulse, M.A., J.P.
William Ysagudrre, Esq.
Rev. C.A. Andlauer, S.J.
Mrs. Kathleen Lind
Miss Evadne Hulse, J.P.
Mrs. Celia Young
The Assistant Secretary, Social Services.
Mr. Harrison served as Chairrmn of the Committee until his departure in 1959. Thereafter Mr. Yorke was appointed Chairman. The Librarian served as Secretary to the Comittee during the year.
Four meetings of the Committee were held during the year. All
these proved to be lengthy meetings discussing important matters such
as the Five-Year Plan. Apart from %his the Librarian kept- in touch' with Committee members through circulation of important matters.
Members of. the Committee must be thanked for their firm interest
and help in library matters during the year.
4 STAFF OF THE LIBRARY SERVICE
The full-time staff of the Library Service remain concentrated in Belize where they conduct the three city libraries as well as carry on the over-all supervision of'the Library Service. At the end of the year this staff consisted of:
Professional Staff
Librarian L.H. Bradley, Esq., A.A.A
Assistant Librarian Miss Alice Gibson
Junior Assistant Librarian L.G. Vernon Esq.
Junior Assistant Librarian Miss Gwendolyn Bradley
Junior Assistant Librarian A.A. Dillett, Esq.
&




3.
Non-Professional Staff
Library Assistant Miss Jean Diego
Library Assistant R.T. Hulse, Esq.
Library Assistant C.S. Hope, Esq.
Temporary Assistant Mrs. A. Drurond
Caretaker J. Warren, Esq.
Messenger B. Wilson, Esq.
For the first three months of the year the Librarian was on vacation leave in the United Kingdom. During the period Miss A. Gibson
acted as Librarian and Mr. L.G. Vernon as Assistant Librarian. Both performed creditable work during the Librarian's absence. During the year Mr. C.S. Hope returned from the United States and was rb-engaged as a Library Assistant. During the year also another Junior Assistant, Librarian and a Temporary Assistant were added to staff, and this addition allowed for the undertaking of more indexing and cataloguing in the Library Service.
Library staff were kept conversant with local'and foreign librar
affairs through staff discussions and extensive in-service training conducted by the Librarian. Mr. L.G. Vernon was successful in two parts of the Registration Examirations of the Library Association, and Miss A. Gibson was successful in the first Professional Exanination and two others worked towards obtaining preliminary qualifications to sit eventually library professional examinations..
The various tervice-points in the districts were supervised by the following sub-librarians:Corozal Branch Library Mr. Remsey Navarro
Punta Gorda Branch Library Miss Icene Arnold
Stann Creek Branch Library Miss Lolette Castillo
El Cayo Branch Library Miss Genevieve Awe
Orange Walk Branch Library Mr. Joe Lopez
Gallon Jug Sub-Librdry Miss Joan Broaster
Garbuttts Creek Sub-Library Mrs. Marie Reyes
Placencia Sub-Library Miss Daphne Eiley
Prison Sub-Library Mr. Lloyd Wallen
Crooked Tree Sub4Library Mr. Bernard Longsworth
Sibun Sub-Library (four points)
Mango Creek Sub-Library Mr. C.B. Augustine
Benque ViejoSub-Library Miss Teresita Aguallo
Barranco Sub-Library Mr. C.H. Arzu
San Antonio Sub-Library Mr. M.A. Magdaleno
Gales Point Sub.Library Miss Floritta McCord
Burrel Boom Sub-Library Miss Yvonne Smith
Yo Creek Sub-Library Mrs. Adolfa Garcia
Sarteneja SUb-Library Mr. Lionel Perez
Hopkins Sub-Library Mr. Albert Castillo
Monkey River Sub-Library Miss Linden Logan
Sittee River Sub-Library Mr. T.J. Miranda
Seine Bight Sub-Library Mr. Bonifacio Guzman
Roaring Creek Sub-Library Mr. Denbigh Mendoza
Mullins River Sub-Library Mr. Gilbert Arnold.




4..
There was practically full representation of sub-librarians at the Annual Library Course held in Belize in May. The sub-librarians also kept in touch with Headquarters through almost weekly correspondence. The Librarian visited the major points during the year, and sub-librarians when in Belize for private reasons, visited Headquarters. A Monthly Newsletter to sub-librarians was also issued from Headquarters, and all these c:onrbined to build up a lively esprit de corps between Headquarters staff and 'country-.wide staff.
5. THE EXTENT CF THE SERVICE
The year 1959 comnenced with twenty-four service-points ih. the
Country. By Decenber 1959, the number had increased to twenty-eight, serving an estimated 60% oi the population. They were locate' as follows:In the cit of Belize
Central, Libra ry and Hea dqua rters
Jubilee Children's Library
Cinderella Town Branch Library
In the DisitCaj~als
Corozal Branch Library
Puinta Gorda Branch Libra ry Stann Creek Branch Library Orange Walk Branch Library
El Cayo Branch Library
S ub-Lib.-a r
Corozal District: Sarteneja
Orange Wal]kl District: Crooked Tree, Gallon Jug, Yo Creek
Belize District: Belize Prison, Burrel Boon, Gales Point, Sibun River
Cayo Dis trict: Garbutt's Creek, Benque Viejo, Roaring Creek
Stann Creck District: Hopkins, Sittee River, Placencia Mango Creek, Seine Bight, Mullins River
Toledo District: Monkey River, Barranco, San Antonio.
District town libraries continued to be.supervised by local conmittees consisting of some citizens and some nenbers of the local authorities. The town boards in some cases increased their annual subvention to their respective library branch in 1959, :and all offered every co-operation. It was a significant factor that' the Library Service tried to cultivate good relationship with local authorities, and the




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part played by the town boards and fo,.instance, the village councils in-Roaring Creek, Mullins River, Seine tight, Yo Creek, Hopkins, etc., were .praiseworthy.
The most comprehensive-library, of course was the Central Library in the Bliss .Institute. Here in a specially-designed library area which is a credit to architecture found in the Country, were accomnodated a Lending Library, a Reference Library a Periodicals Room, and a National Collection. The Jubilee Children s Library in its own building in North Front Street, Belize, continued to give good service to its over 1,000 young members. And over in the Cinderella Town suburb of Belize, lending, reference, and study services were provided at the new Cinderella Town Branch.
An outstanding feature at the district service-points was th6 untiring interest that some sub-librarians took in conducting storytelling hours, in carrying out information quizzes for young members, in serving people outside their villages and towns, and in giving a better library service at the sacrifice of their own free time and so generally improve the value of books and the Library Service #o young and adult members of their bronunities.
All in all the year 1959 could record a greater hold on the inter est of citizens as the Service extended more and more throughout the Country.
6, 300KSTOCK
This Report must record once more the small bookstock of the,
Service in comparison with the aim it is trying to reach of providing good reading material in all parts of the Country, Every effort was made in 1959 to augment the bookstock through grants, donations eth It must be recalled that one new branch alone necessitated an allotrent of over 2,000 volumes.
It was possible during the year from money voted by Central Government, to add 6 421 books to stock, in comparison with 4,152 volumes added in 195A. Of the books purchased, which cost a sun of $6,286,48 1,039 were fiction, 570 non-fiction, 75 referene and
2 299 children's books. An increased amount was voted front official Carities Fund during 1959, and this allowed for substantial orders of children's books being made, and this allaying somewhat, in a little' way the persistent requests made at all service-points for more litera ure.
The stoat Headquarters was treated regularly with book solution, and the number of books discarded, particularly because of much use and consequently tattered condition, was 1,137.
During 1959 the Library Service continued to probe avenues
through which presentations of volumes could be made. This was not done because a public library should depend on presentations of unselected books, which is anomalous to t e idea of providing desired books to readers, but because the source could assist tangibly the




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almost desperate need for an increased stock. While in London on. leave 'the -Librarian was able to secure presentations of over 1,500 second-hand books from Westminster and Fulham Public Libraries$ and" the Seafarers' Education Service. A steady stream of small consignments of second-hand books were also received through the Library Service's membership with the British Natioal Book Centre and the United States Book Exchange SerVice.
Through purchases and donations it was possible to raise the total bookstock of the Service from 28,996 at'the end of 1958 to 33,672 at the end of 1959.
As the Service has developed into a country-wide one the preponderance of bookstock at the Central Library has lessened. For very many years the bulk ofthe stock was unjustifiably concentrated here. The'tendency to move away from this situation continued in 1959, and out-district stocks increased by almost 2 000 books. At the year's end there were. 18,410 books at the Central Library, 3,027 at the
Jubilee 'Children's Library, 2,122 ~t the Cinderella Town Branch Librtary, and 10,113 "in the district service-points, The standard cataloguing of the Central stock continued during the year, aind accessioning of books according to accredited methods was maintained. ,.fith the appointment of an additional Junior Assistant Librarian, the indexing of the National Collection was undertaken and was more than half completed by the end of the year. This will allow for a comprehensive bibliography of British Honduras material to be published by the Library Service in the near future.
Control of the bookstock was undertaken during the year by quarterly surveys,l and the Librarian, on his periodic visits, checked. the branch stocks.
There are no, catalogues in the service-points outside Belize -something to be undertaken in due course. Members throughout the Country were made acquainted, however with books in stock through the the lists of new additions and topical lists published in the Library' quarterly publication the "Lighthouse." There were also frequent displays of books and book-jackets at' all the major points and a large number of requests for individual books were satisfied from the Central stock. At"the Belize points 813 requests for adult books were satisfied.
7. ISSUES
The number of books issued for home-reading continued to increase during 1959. There was no unusual increase, because, for one, it is not the policy of the Library Service to provide a preponderance of light fiction and children's books merely to show an increase of issues. For another reason, the Library Service is evolving into a staid and stable Service when issues are not expected., to rise spectacularly from year to year One must not forget too the shortage of books in Agriculture, in Education, and 'in juvenile literature. The total nunber of issues rose from 106 266 in 1958 to approximately 116,500 in 1959. Of this amount 33,888 was recorded at the Central Library




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97,076 at the Jubilee Children's Library, 8I123 at the Cinderella Town Branch, and 47,607 in the out-district service-points.
There was a slight decrease of fiction books issued at the Central Library (from'25,325 in 1958 to 25,236 in 1959) while there was an increase of non-fiction issues (from 8,500 in 1958 to 8 652 in 1959). The issues at the Jubilee Children's Library rose by 2,400 books.
The following tabulation shows the trend of issues over the past five years:
1955 1956 1957 1958 159
Central Library 21,817 20,050 34,141 33,852 33,888
Children's Library 16,334 15,066 29,580 24,582 27,076 Cinderella Town Branch --- -0e --- 82123
38,151 35,116 63,721 58,434 69,087
Other Service-points
Adults- 2,535 5,796 11,667 14,358 12,679
Juvenile: 2,309 8941 25,049 331447 34,928 4,844 14,737 36,716 47,805 47,607. No count is m de as usual on books consulted in the Reference
Library, nor is there any tabulation of the many unregistered citizens who come in to consult books, etc.: It is calculated that recordings of such consultation would swell the issues if they were tabulated as in some library services.
As an example to' the type of non-fiction read it must be recorded that of the 8,652 non-fiction books borrowed at the Central Library 1,171 were literature books 1 312 books on the social sciences' 947 books on applied arts, 720 books on natural sciences, 1,562 boos on history, war and adventure.
Fourteen service-points employed the Browne system of issuing books, and fourteen used issue registers.
An hour-by-hour count is made of readers using the Reading and' Reference departments during opening.hours. The following is a tabulation of the figure attained.1955 1956 1957 1958 12.9
Central Library 29,401 27,504 28,951 24,872 25922 Children's Library .10,226. 11,446 16,692 11,273 91376 Cinderella Town Br. -- .-- --- --- 5,423
39,627 38,950 45,643 36,145 40,721. The number of books issued in 1959 is a satisfactory figure, and annual increases can be expected? but will be more significant as the Library Service catches up with its shortage of insufficient books
and funds.




8. MEMBERSHIP
During 1959 the Library Service carried out its first re-registration of members since it became a free Library Service in 1957. It
would happen, therefore, that membership figures would lessen during
a re-registration, year since some previous members had left the Country
or died.
Members pay no fee for registering and only fill out the usual,
application form. No such registration is necessary for the consultation of books or the use of Library premises for reading, etc.
Membership during the past five years was;1955 '--- 1782
1956 --- 2320
1957 4823
1958 A- 6614
1959 --- 6640
The detailsof the 1959 membership are as follows:ADULTS CHILDREN TOTAL
In the three Belize Libraries 1494 1767 3261
Other service-points 1087 2292 3379.
A preceeding paragraph infers that there are many un-registered
members using the service-points. rhile no-recording is made of the extent of such use, it would not .e wrong to say that a large
number of citizens do so and the fact that they are not forced to
register, except for taking books home on loan indicates the democratic atmosphere of the Service. From conversations with members and
citizens throughout the Country too, one gathers that Library books in
a home are read by several members of a family who are not regular
users of the Service. The extent! therefore, to which Library material
presents facilities for good reading from home to home, cannot be measured by mere statistics kept at charging desks. A detailed community reading survey possibly held in 1959 would probably have revealed that the Library Service is touching many more citizens than the
usual statistical records portray.
It might be of interest to record once more a break-down of the
categories of members at the Central Library, as it indicates that
Library members do not spring from one section of the community. From a total membership of 1395, 733 were males, 662 females, 215 domestics,
171 professional, 184 nurses and civil servants 47 labourers, 161 teachers, -190- stores and office clerks, 264 students, 36 policemen,
and 127 of miscellaneous categories. It would appear that a similar
break-down occured at other service-points.
9. REFERENCE AND INFORMATION SERVICES
No progressive library service:can ignore the important adjunct
of providing books, periodicals, pamphlets, maps, etc., apart from its lending stock, to assist citizens in such activities as reading study,
extraction of information, and providing up to date figures or acts
on subjects or current or historical incidents being explored.
The Jubilee Public Library Service during 1959 attempted" to improve its facilities in this direction through the following(a) its Reference Collection in the Central Library,
(b) its National Collection in the Central Library,
(c) its Reference services in other service-points,




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(d) provision of general and specialized periodicals,
(e) provision of maps, plans, and illustrations, and
(f) various indexing services.
The Reference Collection in the Central Library was better guided during the year, and there continued a policy of adding regularly standard works, recent Year Books, etc. At the end of the year the Reference Collection contained 1,667 books and continued to provide facilities for study to citizens. Attached to its services were an
increasing number of maps and plans, illustrations, and indexes of
(a) plays, (b) information extracted for citizens, and (c) a generous number of pamphlets on topical subjects which flowed into Headquarters from various sources during the year.
The National Collection also underwent improvements,- but this point forms another section of this Report.
The Central Library has very commodious quarters for reading of periodicals, and through purchases and donations particularly made by the Department of Information and Communications and the British Council, it was possible to provide some seventy general and specialized periodicals for the benefit of the public. During the year a more rigid system of filing desired periodicals was instituted. A more generous provision of periodicals to the other service-points was made, but this could be improved in the future with better finance. The display facilities for periodicals at Central Library leaves much to be desired and this might be improved subsequently.
Reference and information services were taken in hand also at
other service-points, and there were Reference books provided to these points. Information was provided through a reference inquiry form or through the telephone.
This Report must emphasize once'more the increasing number of students using the Library for study and research purposes. The ac cent on adult education has resulted in considerable demands being made on the Library Service not only by secondary school students but also by evening students. The extent of this demand can be portrayed by the incident that when an adult education student was interviewed in December on the radio by a B.H.B.S. official visiting the city libraries, he suggested that the Library should provide a discussion room for students wishing to discuss what they were studyingL
Another example is the satisfactory evidence shown by students of the use of minor study facilities provided at the Cinderella Town Branch building in Belize and the Corozal Branch Library in Corozal.
Close attention was paid in 1959 to the increase of the effectiveness and efficiency of the Reference services, because this is a branch of the Library Service which cannot be ignored.
10i JUVENILE SERVICES
Recent years have seen the Library Service paying very close attention to the development of good reading among the children of the Country. This has occured in Belize where good facilities are provided and in every instance, at the other servi6e-points throughout -the Country. The emphasis on working with children is an investment which the Library Service must remain conscious of so that future generations will be ,library-conscious,'. One must bear in mind that the Public Library Service in British Honduras is less than:, generation old.
The year under review saw the expansion of juvenile services in




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the city of Belize. The separate Jubilee Children's Library in North Front Street continued its various services in most commodious quarters. Then, toward the end of the'year over three hundred additional children became members of the newly-opened Cinderella Town Branch. In spite of
the fact that 1959 was a re-registration year for members, some 1,800 children were registered members of the two librarieS in Belize. The number of children's books issued on loan in Belize wa6 24,582 in 1958 and 34,038 in 1959 (27 079 at the Jubilee Children's Library and 6,962 at the Cinderella Town Branch).
Commenting on anbiallary activities for young Library members in Belize one must give prominence to. the rising interest paid to the Reader s Groups.. These groups are 'run by professional staff to encourage better reading among young members. At the end of the year two groups were functioning excellently at the Jubilee Children's Library
and one had just been established at the Cinderella Town Branch. Toward the end of the year these groups commenced giving radio programmes over B.H.B.S., and on Christmas morning such a broadcast was significant in that, it combined young male group members from both the Jubilee Children' s Library and the Cinderella Town Branch Library. A word of praise and thanks must certainly be given to those members of professional staff who beyond working hours, sacrifice time and energy for the supervision of these groups. One must also note the great interest of the older members of the Reader's Groups who have helped
staff at the charging desk of their libraries, in decorating for Christ mas, etc.
Story-telling periods were conducted weekly at the Jubilee Children's Library, and for Christmas film shows were held at two libraries ib Belize.
Then at the service-points over the Country the number of children's books issued was increasing. In 1958 it was 33,447, while in 1959 'it was 34,928. At various points reader's groups and story-telling periods were functioning. An interesting feature at out-district serVice points was the fact that many sub-librarians held story-telling and book periods for their young members at Christmas time, at which book prizes were given for little information quizzes, good reading, etc. Central Library staff prepared series of information questions for several groups. This idea would encourage young members to use
Reference books and generally to see the wisdom of accumulating knowledge through good reading.
A few schools-continued sending classes to visit the Library, and during Education Week some schools conducted library projects. The Library Service remains sincerely interested in the Schools Library
projects of the Department of Education, and while tangible co-ordination was not effected in 1959, this has been mentioned in the FiveYear Plan of the Service, and the hope is entertained that the future will see a working project in operation between the Schools Library Service and the Public Library Service.
The policy of the Library Service to enhance service to the children of the Country remains as prominent and as important as ever. It
is dampened, however, by the fact that in spite of additional grants from Government for children's books in 1959, the total juvenile bookstock is a little less than 7,000 volumes, and it must be recalled that there are some 40,000 juveniles in the'Country. The annual Library Course, almost every letter from a sub-librarian, practically every
staff discussion, undoubtedly evey.comment of a visitor to the Jubilee Children's Library, brought out the fact that the Servicewas very
short of childrents books. If the paragraphs of the Five-Year Plan are heeded then the Service should add at least 20,000 children's books by the end of 1964.




11. AN AL LIBRARY COURSE
For the past four years the Librarian has planned an annual
Library Training Course for sub,-librarians at the Belize Libraries. The one held in 1959 from the 29th May to the 1st June was the most successful ever held yet. It was opened-by the Hon. Member for Social Services (Mr. A.E. Cattouse) and 31 sub-librarians and representatives of private libraries attendeA it. The bulk of the lectures were delivered by the Librarian, but assisting were others in the professional staff who have had some training. Guest speakers included the Community Development Officer (Mr.;R. Bennett) a member of the Library Committee (Rev. G.R. Hulse, M.A., J.P.), the Cairman of the Library Committee (Mr. E.P. Yorke, A.C.P.), and the Resident Tutor of the Extra Mural Department of the University College of the West Indies (Mr. V. Leslie, B.A.).
The Course, apart from lectures, included visits, a film show, attendance at Reader's Groups meetings, practical demonstration work of library routines, and a round-table discussion.
The Annual Course remains a practical feature of annual library. activities, which can whet the appetite of library workers throughout the Country in carrying out the great adventure of good reading in a concentrated and co-ordinated effort.
12. MUNICIPAL AND RURAL SERVICES OUTSIDE BELIZE.
The Jubilee Public Library Service has spread from year to year throughout British Honduras. It has the benefit of being centrally controlled, and its services can be separated into two avenues -a) its services to municipal points in the city of
Belize and the main District towns, and,
b) its services to villages and other rural communities.
Every emphasis has .been paid in developing its services in its
eight municipal branches, both full-time and part-time. But simultaneous with this must come development into the rural areas of the Country.
During 1959 rural service-points increased from seventeen to
twenty, and served Maya, Mestizo, Carib Creole, and the polyglot populace of various rural communities of the Country.
Contact with the various sub-libraries was quite improved during 1959 and this Report must comment on the very laudable interest which sub-librarians voluntarily showed in their work. The Librarrian, in his visits, touched some of these rural communities, and it was most satisfying, for instance, to note on a visit to Yo Creek the staunch interest of young library members.
New rural service-points established were in the villages of
Seine Bight, Mullins River, and Roaring Creek. In all three places the
village councils played a great part in their establishment. By the end of the year all three points were being well used by residents.
As reported earlier, the bookstock in the out-districts rose from 8,428 in 1958 to 10,113 in 1959. Books borrowed for home reading was 47,107 in 1959. Books exchanged with Headquarters totalled 50910.
Improvement in shelving, etc., for bookstock was carried out in Roaring Creek, Mullins River, Seine Bight, Yo Creek, San Antonio, Mango Creek and Hopkins. As reported before, several rural sublibraries carried out story-telling, etc., for their young members,




12.
and while a strong word of praise must be expressed -to all points, one cannot help recalling the great activity going"oi at th giango Creekt Sub-Library where a succession of voluntary sub-librarians and workers have formed themselves into a committee to accomplish much work at this
Sub-Library. Actually the present sub-Librarian has taken out time to travel to two sub-libraries nearby to conduct information quizzes.
The encouraging co-operation experienced from local authorities
need.repitition here. This help has proved a most necessary and vital one, ad it must be the policy of the Service to have it strengthened and increased in the future. The very effective work of sub-lLbrarians was a ,boon to the progress in the rural areas during 1959, and their persistent loyalty was a vital 'assistance to the professional staff in the carrying out of the Service.
13. PUBLIC RELATIONS
The Press and the Radio continued to offer telling publicity to he work of the Public Library Service during 1959. All activities ere fittingly publicized through these media, and this occurred regurly throughout the year.
Several visits were made to the Central Library in groups when the Librarian took the opportunity to explain the Library Service to visitors, Moreover, the Central Library and various service-points were always tastefully arranged with book-jackets, etc.
The Library publication "The Lighthouse" came out quarterly during the year, and 500 copies were distributed regularly to the public. Moreover, the sub-librarians were kept in touch by the monthly Newsletter produced from Headquarters.
In a service which purports to reach all sections of the community, the great value Of maintaining good publicity and acquainting the citizens with the services available must not be ignored. The manner in which the various agencies possible assisted the Public Library Service
in its maintenance of good relations and good publicity, and the suc-' cess attained through good publicity in 1959, are sources of satisfaction.
14, CROZAL LIBRARY BRANCH
One out-district Library Branch to be singled out in the 1959 Annual Report is certainly the Corozal Library Branch. This Branch has grown until it occupies a very large part of the'quite imposing Corozal Town Hall building. Its energetic young Sub-Librarian is Mr. Remsey Navarro. It is always full of readers, especially a large amount of young readers. During the year it had almost 500 members, issued over 8,000 books for home reading and 6,409 readers came in'. from hour to hour to glance at periodicals, etc. The Branch was al-. ways tastefully arranged with two or three book displays.
It was obvious that a separate building was needed for this Branch and so discussions were started, which set the stage for plans for 1960.
From the mere idea of practical use and enthusiasm the newlyreconstructed town of Corozal definitely deserves a specially-designed Library Branch building which it is hoped will be realized in 1960.
15. Migg NEOUS,
It was t-ie privilege of the professional staff to enter into anagreement with the local Representative of the .International Cooperation Administration for the arrangement of the Special Library of books




and pamphlets built up by this Department. This entailed overtime work spreading over a few months, and over 1,000 pamphlets were indexed, not to mention the arrangement of books, periodicals, the catalogue, etc. It was a pleasure to work harmoniously with the staff of that Office. It was also possible, in an unofficial capacity, to aid one secondary school in the arrangement of its Library.
Ot the 3rd December 1959, the Public Library Service began its twenty-fifth year of existence. It was fitting that some activities
be carried out during this significant year. It commenced with a substantial broadcast over the local radio station in which several members of the Library staff took part. The Programme Organizer of the local station was also kind enough to make on-the-spot recordings at the three Belize libraries and get the views of a cross-section of users of the Service actually in these libraries. Other plans are being laid for a continuation of activities during the Silver Jubilee
Year.
16. CONCLUSION
Of late the Public Library Service has been experiencing quite
satisfactory years. A combination of hard work from a devoted staff, the aid of various agencies and the response of and use by citizens throughout the land of the facilities of the Public Library Service have all combined to ensure steady progress in its great adventure to enhance profitable reading. The year 1959 was a spectacular one. The city of Belize saw its first suburban branch, and village councils worked towards the development of Library bookstocks in their villages. Children of all categories were enjoying better reading in the city,' town and village through their Library bookstock and adults were becoming more conversant with the value of the Public Library Service. The first section of this Report enumerated outstanding events in 1959, and this needs therefore no repetition here.
Every possible avenue was exploited during 1959 to increase the' bookstock, staff, membership etc., and the stock went a long way towards providing library facilities. It is necessary to record, however, that the Service is justifiably in need of more books, more staff,
adequate buildings, transportation facilities, and money for the various projects which can make it a totally salubrious and effective one; and while this situation is being ameliorated gradually, a radical assessment'of needs and demands should be made perhaps according to the
Five-Year Plan just compiled.
It needs not be gainsaid that during the year under review much emphasis was placed on the idea of service to the public. A library
service which reports on and dwells in mere facts and figures, soaring bookstock and added facilities, becomes merely superficial when it ignores the reader and his book the honest effort of its staff to
satisfy the public, and constant surveillance of the needs of its reading public. 1Ue did not fail in this.
This Report must close with a sincere expression of thanks first to all who provided the tools and the help for staff to achieve a successful year. Gratitude must be expressed to Government for its raising of Library funds, to various departments of Government too as for instance the Department of Information and Communications, the Post Office, the Government Printer, the Customs Department, the Department of Agriculture and the district commissioners. Thanks must be rendered also to town boards and village councils, to the British Council, and to all who made presentations or gave various types of assistance. We must thank too the citizens who have used the Service and made various suggestions for its improvement.




During 1959 more than ever, the Service experienced great tbamwork among its staff. I must compliment professional, part-time and voluntary staff at Headquarters and throughout the Country for the enthusiastic efficiency and support they displayed to me. e found tangible pleasure together in pushing forward in the onward march a: standard Library Service; and while 1959 would be viewed by us'as a Year of achievement, we would regard it as a sturdier stepping-stone to a more improved service in the following year.
Respectfully submitted.
LEO H. BRADLEY,
Librarian,
Jubilee Public Library Service
Secretary of the Library Committee.




THE PUBLIC LIBRARY SERVICE, 1959
Al
The Bliss Institute which houses the Jubilee Public Library in Belize. The main
section of the Library is in circular part of the Building
Library workers from all over British Honduras gathered 'in Conference May, 1959.




FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF TUE JUBILEE PUBLIC LIBRARY SERVICE FOR
YEAR ENDED 31st DECEMBER, 1,959.
Income Expenditure Account for the year ended 31st Decemberg 1959
Expenditure
1958 1959
244.45 Electric Light 350,91
289.00 Insurance 289-00
359.44 Printing & Stationery 410. 83
304.02 General Expenses 647.96
295.90 Periodicals 315'. 43
9011.34 Salnries & Wages 10899.43
862.22 Sub-Libraries 1573.86
235.81 Training of Staff 328.83
5295.33 Depreciation
Books 5981.19
Building & Land 387.00
Furniture 129.79 6497.95
6085.31 Surplus & Deficit 4514.18
22982.82 25828.38
Income
1958 1959
16700.00 Grants from Government, General 17000.00
Official Charities 6500.00 23500.00 97.29 Penalties & Finos 93.74
6185.53 Do-nations 2234.64
22982.82 25828.38




FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF TIE JUBILEE PUBLIC LIBRARY SERVICE FOR
YEAR ENDED 31st DECEMBER., 1959.
Balance Sheet as at 31st December, 1959
1958 1959
24317.16 Surplus & Deficit 28831.34
55.45 Current Liability
Postmaster General 50.00
24372.61 28881.34
Fixed Assets
7693.26 Building & Land 7693.26
Plus repairs 47.50
7740.76
Less Depreciation 387.00 7353.76
14319,35 Books 14319.35
Plus book expense 6281.68
" bookbinding 1091.90
" donations 2231.84
23924.77
Less Depreciation 5981.19 17943.58
2228.79 Furniture & Fittins 2563.94
Plus repairs 31.28
2595.22
Less Depreciation 129.76 2465.46
131.21 Current sets 27762.80
J. Warren (Adv. of Salary) 25.00, Stock (Stamps) 50.00
Cash on hand 18.80
Cash in Bank 1024.74 1118.54
$28881.34
LEO H. BRADLEY,
Libra r ian.
13.4 60.
This account and Balance Sheet have been examined in accordance
with Section 28 of the Jubilee Public Library Ordinance, 1935,
No.37 of 1935. I have obtained all the information and explanations that I have required and I cOrtify, as a result of this
audit that, in my opinion, they are correct, except that due to
the loss of a receipt book I have not been able to verify that
all receipts issued have been accounted for.
N. STALKER,
Principal Auditor.
13 Apr. 1960.