ANNUAL REPORT OF THE JUBILEE PUBLIC LIBRARY SERVICE
FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31st DECEMBER, 1958.
Introduction. The Public Library Service in British Honduras reached its 23rd year of
existence during 1958. It was also the second year since its expansion and services were kept within the framework of a four year plan-an aim to extend economically and to achieve consolidation.
The Public Library movement in British Honduras commenced in one donated building
in Belize in December, 1935. One year later, small stocks of books were also supplied to the
five main district towns.
For the next fifteen years the Library Service existed with no spectacular achievement,
Better could not be done as its part-time librarians laboured under the difficulties of insufficient funds and consequently of a small bookstock and staff, and also on the abundant difficulties of the war years. It is to their great credit the service was maintained, and while the
interest of citizens lagged or decreased, the service was in fact kept alive.
Towards the end of 1949 the Public Library Service was still concentrated mostly on the
work of the main library in Belize. Six other small service-points had fallen somewhat into
The condition of the bookstock and other equipment could hardly have allowed otherwise.
At this time, however, following a report by an English professional librarian, an energetic Library Committee tackled seriously several ideas for development. This included a proper classification and arrangement of the bookstock, a plan to allow an officer professional training, efforts to develop into a country-wide service, requests for more Government money, and more
adequate membership regulations.
Between 1950 and 1954 these plans slowly began to take effect. A new era for the service
was commencing. The trend of disinterest gradually changed and citizens, young and old began taking an interest in the facilities of the Library Service. While at the end of 1949 issues of books totalled 15,220, by the end of 1954 the figure had reached 34,278. Interest was also being awakened in the district service-points, and two additional sub-libraries had been
In 1955 the administration of the service was first taken over by a fully qualified librarian.
Then it was that a concentrated effort gradually developed the Library Service into one conducted on standard lines. During the next two years the number of service-points increased to nineteen with part-time branches in the main district towns. Membership in the service became completely free, and the figure increased to 4,823. The matter of proper staff training both through study-visits and annual courses was taken in hand, and the Public Library Service was at last on the road to fulfilling its role of providing facilities for reading, research and study of the world's recorded material. The effects of insufficient finance and small bookstock would take some time to rectify, but at the end of 1957 definite progress was evident in all facets of
the Public Library Service.
2. Outstanding events. The year 1958 was another healthy one for the Public Library
Service, as the succeeding paragraphs of this report will bear'out. Outstanding points, elaborated elsewhere, were as follows:-,
(a) Issues of books increased to over 106,000.
(b) Five new service-points were opened in five different districts of British Honduras.
(c) -Memibership increased by approximately 1,700.
(d) Plans for a new Library Ordinance were near completion.
(e) Anotlier successful annual Library Course was held. L 027.Q5, (f) Planis for more suitable accommodation at two points were completed.
3. Managing Committee. A Library Committee, appointed by the Governor under SeeSection 5 of the Jubilee Public Library Ordinance, 1955 (No. 37) continued to supervise the Public Library Service. At the end of 1958 this Committee consisted of the following members:R. P. K. Harrison, Esq., M. A. (Chairman)
E. P. Yorke, Esq., A.C.P.
Mrs. Margaret Phillips, M.A.
J. L. Blackett, Esq., B.A. Hons. L.C.P., M.R.S.T., F.R.S.A.
Miss Evadne Hulse Mrs. Kathleen Lind
William Ysaguirre, Esq.,
Rev. C. A.. Andlauer, S.J.
This Committee was appointed in March, and only one meeting was held during the year, although library matters were constantly referred to members by circulation. Through this medium the members kept in touch with the administration of the service.
The Librarian, who also served as Secretary to the Committee, held discussions quite frequently with the Chairman of the Committee concerning the work of the library and matters needing urgent decisions.
A sincere expression of gratitude must be made to the Cha rman and members of the Library Committee for their work during the year.
4. Library Staff Headquarters staff at the end of the year consisted of:Professional Staff.
Librarian ... .Leo H. Bradley, Esq., A.L.A.
Assistant Librarian .. .. .. Miss A. R. Gibson
Junior Assistant Librarian .. Lawrence G. Vernon, Esq.
Junior Assistant Librarian .. Miss Gwendolyn Bradley
Library Assistant .. .. .. Miss Jean Diego
Library Assistant .. .. .. A. Dillett, Esq.
Library Assistant .. .. .. Miss E. Cadle
Caretaker .. .. .. J. Warren, Esq.
Messenger .. .. .. .. R. Hulse, Esq.
Headquarters staff, besides coaducting the over-all work of the service, supervised the Central Library and the Children's Library in Belize.
For the last three months of the year, the Librarian was on vacation leave. Miss A. Gibson (Assistant Librarian) and Mr. L. G. Vernon (Junior Assistant Librarian) carried on the service ably as Acting Librarian and Acting Assistant Librarian respectively.
Three officers from headquarters staff resigned during the year. They are Mr. C. S. Hope, Mr. K. H. Trapp and Mr. W. Carr. Every gratitude is expressed for their services.
Staff discussions were held regularly, and in-service training continued. It is very imperative that staff remain conversant., with standard library routines, and members lived up to this expectation.
It is regretted that due to the cutting of the library finance requested, it was not possible to appoint an additional Junior Assistant Librarian as planned.
Part-time and voluntary workers who served as Sub-Librarians at the other service points were as follows:Punta Gorda Branch Library .. Miss Icene Arnold,
Corozal Branch Library .. .. Mr. Remsey Navarro
Stann Creek Branch Library .. Miss Adelia Lockwood
El Cayo Branch Library .. .. Miss Genevieve Awe
Orange Walk Branch Library .. Mr. Joseph Lopez
Gallon Jug Sub-Library .. Mr. Roy Rivers
Garbutt's Creek Sub-Library.. Miss Ruth Cattouse
Placencia Sub-Library .. Miss Daphne Eiley
Prison Sub-Library .. .. Mr. Lloyd Wallen
Crooked Tree Sub-Library .. Mr. B. Longsworth
Sibun Sub-Library .. .. Mr. Emmanuel Hynds
Mango Creek Sub-Library .. Mr. James Aranda
Benque Viejo Sub-Library .. Miss Teresita Aguallo
Barranco Sub-Library .. Mr. C. H. Arzu
San Antonio Sub-Library .. Mr. M. A. Magdaleno
Gales Point Sub-Library .. Miss Lena Osman
Burrell Boom Sub-Library .. Miss Yvonne Smith
Yo Creek Sub-Library .. Mrs. Adolfa Garcia
Sarteneja Sub-Library .. Mr. Lionel Perez
Hopkins Sub-Library .. Mr. Daniel Mejia
Monkey River Sub-Library .. Mr. Neville Young
Sittee River Sub-Library .... Mr. E. A. Thompson
A large number of these sub-librarians attended the annual Library Course held in May in Belize, and this contributed to the high enthusiasm with which they performed their library work during 1958. They kept in touch with headquarters regularly through visits and correspondence and must certainly be congratulated for their great contribution to the work of the Library Service and reading generally.
5. The Extent of the Service. By December, 1958, the Public Library Service was affording its facilities to the Public from 24 points in British Honduras. This was five more than during the previous year. They were as follows:CENTRAL LIBRARY AND HEADQUARTERS (BLISS INSTITUTE, BELIZE)
Jubilee Children's Library, Belize
Corozal Branch Library
Orange Walk Branch Library
El Cayo Branch Library
Stann Creek Branch Library Punta Gorda Branch Library
Corozal District: Sarteneja
Orange Walk District: Crooked Tree, Gallon Jug, Yo Creek
Belize District: Belize Prison, Burrel Boom, Gales Point, Sibun
Cayo District: Garbutt's Creek, Benque Viejo
Stann Creek District: Hopkins, Sittee, Placencia, Mango Creek
Toledo District: Monkey River, Barranco, San Antonio.
Each district branch was maintained with the help of a local Committee composed of Town Board members and citizens of the respective town. In every case too the Town Boards took a close interest in the library branch and voted a small subvention towards its upkeep.
The Central Library in the Bliss Institute, apart from the Lending Library, also contained Reference Library, a special collection of British Honduras material, and a large room stocked with current periodicals and having facilities for reading and study. The Children's Library with its various anciliary activities was maintained in the donated library building in North Front Street, Belize, where the first public library was opened in 1935.
It is really a boon that the Service can boast a separate, commodious building for its children's library in the capital city.
All branches carried stocks of Reference Books and some accommodation for reading and study.
At some service points the work stretched even beyond the borders of the particular town or village. Sibun Sub-Library had its bookstock at four separate points along the river. Garbutt's Creek Sub-Library continued to have a sub-stock at the Listowel Boy's School San Antonio Sub-Library also catered for teachers in out-lying villages, and many servicepoints registered members who lived in surrounding settlements. Excluding this type of contact and arriving at an approximate estimate of the population at the various service-points, it is estimated that some 50,000 people or about 55 % of the population have access to some form of a Public Library Service. Every effort must be made to increase bookstock and publicity so that even more citizens know of, have access to, and use the Service.
6. Bookstock. Immediately following the preliminary matters of Committee, staff and service-points, this Report must tackle the very important matter of the bookstock of the Service. This is a particularly important one when it is recalled that the Service is suffering from insufficient book provision in past years. The result of this is an inadequate stock, a goodly proportion of 'tattered' books, and this prevailing at a time when the service is expanding rapidly.
While a system of gradually discarding old and unsightly books is in process, it is comforting to note that 4,152 books were added to stock in 1958. A substantial number of books were written off during the year, and the total bookstock rose from 25,721 at the end of 1957 to 28,996 at the end of 1958.
Due to the fact that the finance voted to the Service was less than that requested, it was not possible to increase expenditure on books. This was $2,883.64 in 1958 as compared with $2,878.63 in 1957. The Service is grateful to Government, however, for its support in this matter of book provision and in particular for the extra amount of $2,900 voted from the Official Charities Fund, a part of which went to the purchase and repair of Children's books. The estimate expenditure for books in the coming year has been substantially increased.
No progressive Public Library Service must depend to any extent on donation of books. In our situation of a small, inadequate bookstock, however, every source is of value. During the year, 1,444 books were secured through donations. In this connection gratitude must be expressed to the British Council Organization for its annual donation of books. The British National Book Centre in London must also be thanked for the amount of books received from various British Libraries through its aegis. During the year the Jubilee Public Library Service also joined the United States Book Exchange Service, Washington, on the recommendation of the local representative of the International Cooperation Administration of the United States Government. Through this membership the Service began to receive selected copies of surplus books from United States Libraries.
During the year the Service also received 350 books from the Carnegie Corporation of New York which was a presentation being made to about 300 libraries throughout the world. The collection is designed to portray the American way of life, and costs approximately $1,200 (U.S.) This collection has been placed in the Reference Library, Belize.
Of the 2,320 books purchased 306 were fiction, 269 non-fiction, 1,589 children's books, 102 Spanish and 54 Reference. A breakdown of the 28,996 books in the Service at the end of 1958 shows that 10,830 were non-fiction, 8,134 were fiction, 1,610 were reference books, 6,283 children's books, 749 were in the British Honduras Collection, 631 were Spanish books and 759 were permanent stock books of some branches.
The spread of the bookstock to out-district service-points increased during the year. In 1956 it was 4,850, in 1957 6,736 and in 1958 it was 8,428.
Cataloguing of the stock under standard principles continued during the year. This work, which will take some time to complete centred around the non-fiction and fiction stock of the Service. As cards were made, they were properly filed in order to form the commencement of the classified catalogue. Bookstock continued to be accessioned under standard methods in loose-leaf binders.
Surveys of the bookstock were carried out every quarter, and the Librarian on his visits checked stocks at some service-points. Towards the end of the year an over-all checking of stock with the service-points was taken in hand.
The "Lighthouse", the quarterly publication of the Service includes a selection of new acquisitions of stock. In addition to this, displays of book jackets' etc., at the Central Library and several service-points assisted in acquainting citizens with the stock of the Service. Reservation of books is a facility that is conducted free of cost by the Service and 958 requests for books were satisfied during the year at the Central Library alone.
7. Membership in the Ser vice. Since the 1st of January, 1957, membership in the Public Library Service has been completely free. All that is necessary for an adult or juvenile to borrow books for home-reading is that the application card provided be filled out and signed.
Such registration is not necessary for citizens who wish to read on library premises or to conconsult library material.
The year 1958 was the last year in a three-year period before a re-registration of members should take place. Increases in membership were revealed both at the Central Library and at the various service-points. The figure for the past five years are as follows:1954 .. .. .. .. 1574
1955 .. .. .. .. 1782
1956 .. .. .. .. 2320
1957 .. .. .. .. 4823
1958 .. .. .. .. 6614
The following shows the breakdown of the-1958 membership:Adult Children Total
Central and Children's .. .. 1745 1715 3460
Other service-points .. .. 1164 1990 3154
2909 3705 6614
These figures show a total increase of 1791 members. This is made up of 1071 additional members in Belize, and /20 in the districts. The increase also consised of 1,000 juvenile and 791 adult members.
No record is kept of the use un-registered citizens make of the Public Library Service. thereis quite a large number of such people, however, several of whom eventually become members. This freeuse of the Service, even by unregistered members indicates the freedom and unfettered atmosphere that permeates the Service.
A check of the Belize adult membership revealed that of the 1745 registered members 943 were males, 802 females, 252 domestics, 315 professional people, 183 nurses and civil servants, 56 labourers, 193 teachers, 223 stores and office clerks, 298 students, 33 policemen and 192 of miscellaneous categories.
A note must be made of the increased juvenile membership-a healthy sign. Staff was pleased too to note the number of youths in Belize who during the year became members of the Central Library immediately on feeling that they had out-grown the Children's Library.
8. Issues of Books for Home-reading. No spectacular rise of book issues can be recorded for 1958. The figure was 106,266 in comparison with 100,437 for the previous year. The following tabulation will reveal that while issues in district service-points rose by about 9,000, the figure in the Children's Library in Belize dropped by about 5,000. Issue figures cannot tell a direct tale, but it is felt that the fall in issues at the Children's Library is due to the small stock of suitable children's books and the fact that additional books had to be taken from here to stock the sub-libraries. A larger children's book fund in 1959 should alleviate this situation.
It is interesting to note too that while issues of fiction books at the Central Library decreased slightly in 1958, the figure for non-fiction books rose by about 600-an indication of the increased interest of students of all kinds.
The following is the tabulation for issues:AT THE BELIZE CENTRAL 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958
LIBRARY AND JUBILEE CHILDREN'S LIBRARY
Fiction Books .. .. .. 14,085 15,992 14,987 26,199 25,352
Non-Fiction Books .. .. 4,343 5,825 5,063 7,942 8,500
Juvenile Books .. .. .. 11,733 16,334 15,066 29,580 24,582
30,161 38,151 35,116 63,721 58,434
Fiction Books .. .. .. 1,322 1,808 4,150 8,607 10,584
Non-Fiction Books .. .. 727 1,646 3,060 3,801
Juvenile Books .. .. .. 2,795 2,309 8,941 25,049 33,447
4,117 4,844 14,737 36,716 47,832
The fact must be repeated that, unlike some public library services, the Jubilee Public Library Service does not record consultation of reference bocks as issues. This could show a large figure, but issue figures in the Service indicate purely blocks borrcwxed for home-reading.
During 1958 Corozal Library Branch became the first service-point outside of Belize to report a monthly issue of over 1,C00 books. This event was given due publicity.
To indicate the type of books read, it is noted that from the 8,500 non-fiction books borrowed at the Central Library, 1,100 were literature books, 1,317 were books on the Social sciences, 1,003 were books on Applied Arts, 628 were books on Natural Science, and 2,534 were books on History, War and Adventure.
The Central Library, all branches, and five sub-libraries employed the Browne System of issuing books, and others used issue registers.
9. Reading, Reference and Information Service. A very important feature of a public library service is its work in the field of reference and information. This activity in the Jubilee Public Library Service continues to stem from the two reference collections in the Central Library.
Apart from the work of these two departments, the Central Library continues to maintain a large and commodious Reading Room. This room fulfilled a three-fold purpose. It afforded facilities for the reading of current newspapers, local and foreign, for the consultation of a generous provision of some 50,specialised and general periodicals, and also for study.
The Reference Library with its stock of 1,610 books and accommodation for study And research continued to serve a large number of citizens, particularly teachers and students. The British Honduras Collection too, with its stock of 750 volumes, was constantly consulted by teachers, students and visitors-all interested in information on British Honduras and its way of life. During the year several annual issues of Government reports were bound together for greater convenience of the public. The space occupied by this Collection is too small, and it is hoped that an extra room will be built on the verandah of the Bliss Institute during 1959 to alleviate this situation.
There were constant requests for information during the year, and staff was busy almost daily, extracting such information or referring citizens to the appropriate places in reference books where the desired information could be copied out. A "Reference Enquiry Form" was availablee for use, and the use of the telephone for quick information was also not forgotten by the public.
In order to substantiate the information contained in its reference collections and in its current periodicals, the Service continued to develop an Information Index of extracted or popular items of information, an Index of particular pamphlets on various subjects and articles in periodicals, an Index of Plays in stock, a file of illustrations, and a growing collection of maps and plans. All these are intended to fulfil the Service's important role of supplying information to citizens.
All branch libraries carried a supply of reference books and periodicals, and so did a few sub-libraries.
No definite statistics are kept of the use of reference and information services. Account of citizens reading and using the reference collection every hour of opening time on the hour is made, however, and this figure which has been increasing over the years was 48,347 in 1958.
Special note must be made of the ever-increasing number of day students, adult education students and teachers making use of the study and reference facilities of the Central Library. It is an indication that the Library has eventually evolved into playing its true role, in contrast to the generally misconceived idea that it is used merely to select light books for "casual recreation" at home. The added number of non-fiction books mentioned at Section 8 further supports this statement.
The effort to sustain and increase the reference and information roles of the Service during 1958 was carried out satisfactorily, and a larger reference stock and even better information facilities should be developed in the future. The growing necessity for scientific, technical and general information in a modern world demands this.
10. The service to Juveniles. The year under review saw a sustained effort to increase the library service to the children of British Honduras. Statistics show that juvenile membership increased from 2,705 in 1957 to 3,705 in 1958, and issues of children's books rose from 54,629 in 1957 to 58,029 in 1958.
The Jubilee Children's Library in Belize continued to play its role to the children of the city. Visitors could have noted that its public department had been tastefully painted, that grants from the Official Charities Fund had allowed for well-designed children's library furniture and shelving, and that at all times children were exchanging books, reading or studying.
Other activities continued at this Library. The two reader's groups continued with their activities as vigorously as ever, frequently drawing on prominent people of the community for guest talks. Story-telling was held weekly for the younger children, and other programmes were held during the year. One, for instance, was a play-reading session by the two reader's groups, at which the Colonial Secretary, Hon. Mr. T. D. Vickers, C.M.G., was Guest Speaker. It is interesting to note that two were even recruited as Library Assistants at headquarters.
In the other sub-libraries, the juvenile departments remained as popular as ever. Visitors to the Corozal Library Branch, for instance, would always and it teeming with young citizens. At various points reader's groups and story-telling were added activites.
The Public Library Service must also concern itself with the work of school libraries, and the school's role in encouraging library membership. During 1958 this stretched from the Librarian opening officially a new school library, to arrange visits of school classes to the library. It is regretted that as yet no definite arrangement has been made, to coordinate the work of the Education Department's school library service with that of the Public Library Service which is quite ready to play its part. This matter has been taken up and there is hope that a combined policy in some form will be worked out in the near future.
All up and down the country young British Hondurans of different racial strains and colour unite to share the Service's juvenile book-stock of 6,283 volumes with a healthy enthusiasm, that challenges the Service to foster and nurture it with a much larger stock of children's books.
11. A Country- Wide Service. During 1958 the Public. Library Service continued to expand throughout the country. The undue importance and attention paid only to the main library in previous years tended to disappear more, as each service-point assumed its rightful importance.
Five new sub-libraries were established. These were at Benque Viejo, Sarteneja, Hopkins, Burrel Boom and Yo Creek. This shows a most satisfying progress in new service-points in one year. There are now the two full-time libraries in Belize, five part-time branches in the five district towns, and 17 sub-libraries scattered in villages all over the country.
The Librarian visited several service-points during the year, assessing the Service, meeting town boards and local committees, and discussing improvements with the sub-librarians. SubLibrarians too visited headquarters on their occasional visits to Belize. Then there was the Annual Library Course reported elsewhere. All these tended to establish coordination among the service points. Each month a "Monthly Newsletter" was distributed among library pcrsonnel through-out the Service, and this publication always included the views and suggestions of sub-librarians as well as a monthly mark-up of the issue statistics recorded.
During the year the bookstock of the out-district service-points ro~e from 6,736 in 1957 to 8,428 in 1958. Issues of books for home-reading rose from 36,716 in'1957 to 47,832 in 1958. over 3,500 books were exchanged with headquarters during the year in order to refresh stocks in these service-points. These points changed stock as necessary.
Alteration and improvement to the spacing and the appearance of the service-points at IPunta Gorda, Corozal, Monkey River and Garbutt's Creek occurred during the year. The various town branches continued to be maintained with the firm cooperation of the various town boards. Every gratitude is owed to these town board members and members of the various local committees for their help. It certainly remains a point of local pride that the local authorities can extend assistance to the library service.
While marked progress is being recorded in many service-points, singular mention must be made of the Corozal Branch Library. Under the untiring energy of its youthful sub-librarian Mr. Remsey Navarro, and the close support of the Town Board and local committee, the Branch has increased its prestige immensely, issuing over 1,000 books on loan in one month. Plans are also being made for a special building for this Branch in 1959.
One must view with satisfaction the progress being achieved in expanding a country-wide public library service; and the work of voluntary and part-time staff and the interest of citizens
contributed to this healthy growth. The various annual reports submitted by sub-librarians at the end of 1958 attest to this progress, as the following quotations show:Barranco. "Our service-point did a very interesting work last year, though it could have done better. The children used it very extensively, and some adults too."
Prison Sub-Library. "... I am proud to say that the members have shown remarkableappreciation of the books they borrow."
Stann Creek. "In spite of the growth of the membership, there are still not enough readers in comparison to the size of the Town. I feel though that many are realizing the importance of reading for the cultural and advancement of every citizen, especially ince things around us are advancing at such a rate."
Gallon Jug. ...The Children were much better served and so they did encouragingly well... I do believe that if (adults) are served for a time with their own choice, later on they may aspire to move to advanced books."
Sittee. "On the whole we are making good progress and.... we hope to do much better in 1959."
Sibun. ...Much has been done for and by readers of the area even amidst adversities."
Burrell Boom. "More and more people are gathering information about the Library which I believe is a good sign. The sub-library is a great help to some of the villagers and will, be one of the most important things in the village."
Benque Viejo. "I hope that in the future I will be able to pay particular attention to the development of this sub-library so that it may grow to be a larger oue eventually."
12. Finance. Once again Central Government increased tte Fumn voted for the library service. The figure for 1957 was made up of two sums-$l 1,600 as a general subvention, and $2,500 for children's books. For 1958 the figures were $13,800 as a general subvention and $2,900 for children's books and furniture. Though the 1958 figure was approximately $1,000 less than the sum requested, even so it was possible to conduct the Service on a better scale, and Government must be thanked for such increase as was possible. These amounts, together with the sum of $97.29 collected as fines for late return of books and some $440 voted by the various town boards constituted the Service's finance for the year.
A breakdown of the figures show that $9,011 .34 was spent on salaries, $2,883 .64 went to the purchase of books, $1,010.25 on bookbinding, $862.22 on the out-district service-points and $295.90 on periodicals. The accounts of the Service were duly audited by the Principal Auditor, and further monetary details can be seen in the Financial Statement found in this Report.
Attention must be drawn to the small percentage of the country's expenditure devoted to the Library Service particularly in comparison with the ever-mounting -figure for education. The Public Library Service is a cultural Service that is finding its way steadily into the normal life of the country's populace. To establish its functions adequately and progressively, it needs adequate sums of money, and while thanking the Honourable Member and Honourable Associate Member for Social Services and others in the Assembly and financial department for their cooperation and sympathy, these important facts, touching the Service are again explained.
13. Annual Library Course. The third Annual Library Training Course took place in Belize from the 16th to the 19th May, 1958. Twenty-six people took this Course in comparison w th 17 and 11I people for the two previous annual courses. As in previous years, the Course was intended to allow library personnel to gather together, get some training in library principles, discuss matters pertaining to the local library service, and to exchange ideas and opinions.
The Course was officially opened by His Excellency the Governor, Sir Colin Thornley, K.C.M.G., C.V.O. It was the first time such a Course had been opened by the Governor, and associated with him at the opening, were the Honourable A. E. Cattouse, Member for Social Services,, Mr. R. P. K. Harrison, M.B.E., M.A., Chairman of the Library Committee, and the Librarian.
Twenty of the people Ltteneingthe Course Aere public libiary Etaff. The Course consisted 4o talks, visits, discussions, a Film Show on libraries, and some observation of the work of the two Belize Libraries. Guest Speakers included the Chairman of the Library Committee, the Director of Education and the Development Officer. The bulk of the talks was delivered by the professional staff of the Service.
This Library Course proved to be a very successful one indeed, and its results are shown in the enthusiasm of the sub-librarians during the year and the closer coordination attained.
14. Miscellaneous. Mention has been made before of the consignment of 350 new books presented to the Service by the Carnegie Corporation of New York. This set of books was reportedly selected by scholars as representing ideally the American way of life. Such presentations were made to 200 Commonwealth libraries. The consignment cost $1,200 (U.S.) and was sent early i In 1958 with no cost to the Service. This has been a substantial collection to the Reference Library.
During the year it was possible to add almost 200 new Spanish books to the stock of the Library. There is growing interest in the Spanish bookstock, and additions must be made regularly.
The quarterly publication of the Service, "The LightLouse" came out regularly during the year. It is now tastefully printed by the Government Printer, and an increased number is published. The publication serves to acquaint the public with items of library news as well as to present selected lists of new additions to bookstock.
During 1958 there was regular contact with the local Representative of the International Cooperation Administration of the United States Government. With his help the Service beAcame a member of the United States Book Exchange Service and so has access to offers of surplus books from American Libraries. There was also close contact with the special library being built up by this office, and towards the end of the year a system was arranged whereby, at the Representative's request, professional staff of the Service would assist in arranging the specialist library. Interloan of books or periodicals would be possible.
It Was satisfying -to achieve during the year the repainting of the public section of the Jubilee Children's Library, Belize. This has given the area a much more pleasant appearance, and 'what with the acquisition of some children's furniture through a grant from the Official 'Charities Fund, the library has taken on an entrancing appearance.
15. Publicity. Every avenue of publicity. possible was seized during the year. Since the library service is first and foremost a service for the public it is very necessary to keep the public informed of its activities. But furthermore and even more important, no effort must be spared in reaching the interest of those who are potential members but as yet do not use this Vedry necessary free service to which they contribute through taxes.
The press and radio were supplied regularly with releases about library activities, and offered every cooperation in publicizing these. The Librarian delivered talks to courses arranged for village council officers and teachers and opened a city school library, and was always prepared to offer any professional assistance or information where this could be of assistance. For the first time a lecture on the library service was delivered to Corozal citizens citizens, and this was followed by film show of library films.
"The Lighthouse" continued to be issued quarterly, as previously mentioned in this Report, bringing regular items of library news before the public. There was also
-the "Monthly Newsletter" distributed to sub-librarians.
During 1958 library staff again took part in programmes on books presented by the British Honduras Broadcasting Service. There were also other broadcast talks-one to Listening Post members, and others on suitable occasions. There was close cooperation with the Department ,of Information and Communications.
Any citizen using the Central Library knows of the lavish use made of book displays and book-jacket displays. At any time there were at least four such displays on a selected subject, new books, authors, etc. They were planned to advertise the stock of the library, for pro-fessional staff must always bear in mind that the function of the Service is not only to satisfy but also to 'promote.' Such book displays were also prepared regularly at all the l arger ser-vice points in the districts.
Publicity is a vital factor to our growing library service. It achieved a high standard in 1958 because the Service was able to maintain good relations with and experience ,every cooperation from those outside agencies which could assist.
16. Conclusion. This Report commenced with a mention of the 1957-1960 four-year plan to which step by step throughout the year was faithfully adhered to, and its completion next year was brought progressively nearer. Steady development on a broad front meant that, by the end of the year more members were reading a greater number of books from a larger number of service-points and had a bigger bookstock to choose from. The Library Service, through its service-points was catering for Mayas and Mestizas, Caribs and Creoles in their own villages, as well as providing an aresenal of information and a depot for background study for the great variety of students in Belize preparing for so many examinations. All this caused a severe strain on the Service's resources, but an interested Committee and a vigilant professional staff joined forces to achieve the best results without thinning out resources unwisely.
While progress can be reported and seen with satisfaction, one must not forget the pressing needs of the service-more money for a larger book-fund, more books and space for the Reference Library and the British Honduras Collection, more books for juvenile members, more money generally from, Central Government.
A country-wide public library service must provide in as complete a manner as possible the world's recorded information for the use, benefit and enjoyment of tax-payers., It must do this in an unprejudiced manner. It must conserve stock, but more important exploit it for its users. It must satisfy users but also promote its use. All this must be done in a standard manner. During 1958 the Jubilee Public Library Service travelled this road in a satisfying manner, constantly attempting through its various activities to introduce the reader to his book and vice versa.
An expression of gratitude is indeed due to all who assisted its work. First thanks must go to Government and go the Member and Associate Member for Social Services under whose portfolio and through whose support progress was achieved in 1958. Then thanks must go to the Department of Information and Communications, the Post Office, the Government Printer and the District Commissioners and the Town Boards. Thanks too must be expressed to the British Council, all agencies and people who donated books, and all who in any way assisted in the furtherance of its work. The public too by its response and use of the Service deserves gratitude.
The constant every-day control and diffusion of the Service devolved on a loyal and energetic band of full-time and voluntary staff. Headquarters staff were kept busy constantly in coping with the added amount of work. And out in the service-points enthusiastic sublibrarians did their part in bringing to fellow-British Hondurans the joys and knowledge from the wonderful world of books and periodicals. To all of them I express gratitude. Together we look forward to even greater achievements for the library service in 1959.
LEO H. BRADLEY,
Secretary, Library Committee
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF THE JUBILEE PUBLIC LIBRARY SERVICE FOR THE YEAR 1958
INCOME AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNT FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 1958.
1957 1958 1957 1958
261.65 Electric Lignt .. .. .. .. .. .. .. $244.45 $14,794.00 Grants from Government .. .. $16,700.00
289.00 Insurance .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 289.00 General .. .. .. .. $13,800.00
460.71 Printing and Stationery .. .. .. .. .. 359.44 Official Charities .. .. .. 2,900.00
370.27 General Expenses .. .. .. .. .. .. 304.02
312.73 Periodicals .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 295.90 146.69 Penalties and Fines .. .. .. 97.29
8,075 50 Salaries and Wages .. .. .. .. .. .. 9,011.34 2.45 Subscriptions ..
705.82 Sub-Libraries .. .... .. .. .. 862.22 Donations .. .. .. .. 6,185.53
161.57 Training of Staff .. .. .. .. 235.81 112.26 Deficit ..
4,418.15 Depreciation: .. .. .. .. 5,295.33
Books .. .... .. .. $4,773.12
Building and Land .. . .. .. 4,4.91
Furniture and Fittings .. .. .. .. 117. 30
Surplus .. .... 6,085.31
$15,055.40 $22,982.82 $15,055.40 $22,982.82
BALANCE SHEET AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 1958.
$18,231.85 Surplus and Deficit .. .. .. $24,317.16 $7,692.17 Building and Land .. $7,692.17
2,846.48 Current Liolilities Plus: Repairs .... 406.00
Postmaster General .. .. .. $50.00
Monkey River .. .. .. 8,098.17
Sub-Library .. .... .. .. 5.45 55.45 Less: Depreciation 404.91 $7,693.26
Books .. .. .. .. $11,810.03
Plus: Donations .. .. .. 3,389.05
Binding .. .. .. 1,010.35
Book Expenses .. .. 2,883.64
Depreciation .. .. .. $4,713.12
Payment for book lost ..... .50 4,773.62 14,319.35
1,456.02 Furniture etc... .. $2,319 14
Plus: Repairs .. .. .. 26.95
Less: Depreciation .. 117.30 2,228.79 $24,241.40
120.11 Current Assets:
Stock (Stamps) .. .. .. 50.00
Cash on Hand .. .. .. 29.23
Cash in Bank .. .. .. 51.28 81.21
$21,078.33 24,372.61 $21,078.33 $24,372.61
This account and Balance Sheet have been examined in accordance with section 2 of the Jubilee Public Library Ordinance, 1935, No. 37 of 1935. 1 have obtain,-d all the information and explanations that I have required and I certify, as a result of this audit that, in my opinion, they are correct.
The Audit Department
Belize, British Honduras (Sgd.) N. F. BARRON-SULLIVAN, (Sgd.) A. R. GIBSON,
Principal editor. Acting Librarian.
' 6th, Nqrch. 1959. 14.2.59