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British Honduras -- Jubilee Public Library Service
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Libraries -- Belize ( lcsh )
Libraries ( fast )
Belize ( fast )

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Belize National Library Service and Information System
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Belize National Library Service and Information System
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Full Text
A fitting introduction to the activities of the Publeibrary Service in British Honduras during 1957, can well be the following short historical outline mentioned in the previous annual report.
1935-1949 The service, after having been established in a donated bujljing in Belize and with financial assistance from the Carnegie Coipc -ion of New York, extended its work with the help of an annual GoN- nment Grant, to the citizens of Belize, and to t people of other main towns. Little funds, the war, lack of books all tended to deter progress and to limit the work of the service.
1950-1954 After a report by a qualified librarian, gadual re-organization of the service took place. One part-time town branch and two other sublibraries were established. Bookstock increased as 'id book-issues, and the system of deposits and preferential membership was changed to a system of charging a small annual subscription. Marked progress towards a virile country-wide service w as achieved during this period.
1955-1956 During this period the service was administered for the first time by a full-time senior staff under a qualified librarian. The service was expanded to 14 service-points and a part-time branch library was established irrFall tons. Issues of books doubled, Government Grant increased, a separate children's library was established in Belize and in general the service oik on t form of being maintained along standard lines. At the end of I956, when the service fittingly celebrated its 21st anniversary, arrangements were made to abolish the charge of an annual subscription. For the first time, therefore, the service would be entirely free to all citizens, and thus a new period of its history had commenced.
It must be recalled too that the Jubilee Public Library Service is not a Government Deri rment, although it is Government financed and enjoys certain privileges of Government Departments. Its activities are supervised by Government and an annual report must be submitted to the Legislature. The Public Library Service in British Honduras is recc gnized, therefore, as a Government concern.
2. Particular Achievements. The Public Libraiy Service made comparatively great strides during 1957. It was the first year that the service was a completely free one so far as membership is concerned, and, as anticipated a greater use of the service by citizens, resulted;' Satisfaction must be recorded in what was achieved during the year. Noteworthy events include the following:(a) For the first time citizens could become members free and take books home for
reading, whether new or old, with no distinction because of a subscription.
(b) Membership rose from 2,320 to 4,823-an increase of 107.9%
(c) Issues of books rose from 49,853 to 100,437--an increase of 101.5%
(d) five new serviCe-points were established, thereby bringing the total number in
British Honduras to 19.
(e) Two branches in the district towns began opening daily.
These and other events are dealt with in more detail in succeeding sections of this Annual Report.

3. Committee of Management. The Jubilee Public Library Service is controlled by a Committee of Management appointed annually under Section 5 of the Jubilee Public Library Ordinance, 1935 (No. 37). Members of the Committee at the end of the year were: R. P. K. HARRISON, Esq., M.A. (Chairman) J. L. BLACKETT, Esq., B.A. Hons., L.C.P., M.R.S.T., F.R.S.A., F.R..L.
Mrs. J. L. LIND
Mrs O. N. D. PHILLIPS, M. A.
Rev. C. A. ANDLAUER, S. J.. E. P. YORKE, Esq., A. C. P. (Asst. Secretary, Social Services) The Librarian served as Secretary of the Committee.
The Library Committee was not appointed until in June of last ye ar. Only one meeting was held, therefore, and this was attended by all members except the Chairman who was in the United Kingdom. Library matters were referred regularly to members of the Committee through correspondence.
4. Staff. The full time staff at Headquarters at the end of the year consisted of the following:Librarian LEO H. BRADLEY, Esq., A. L. A.
Assistant Librarian Miss A. GIBSON
Library Assistant LAWRENCE G. VERNON, Esq.
Library Assistant Miss GWENDOLYN BRADLEY
Temporary Assistant Miss JEAN DIEGO
Temporary Assistant Mr. WINsToN CARR
Caretaker Mr. J. WARREN
Messenger Mr. KENT TRAPP
The four persons mentioned first are regarded as the nucleus c f a trained staff and do professional work. Thanks must be extended to the local British Council Representative who offered, in early 1957, a bursary to Mr. Lawrence G. Vernon for a study visit to Jamaica. Mr. Vernon spent about six weeks in this Island and profited greatly from the visit. In June of 1957, under supervision from the Librarian, Mr. Vernon studied for and passed the first Professional Examination of the (British) Library Association. It was the first time that this external examination had been allowed in Belize. This officer has commenced studying for the Registration Examination of the same Association.
Staff discussions were held as necessary during the year, and all senior staff were encouraged to study for professional qualifications. It is with gratitude that we must record an increase in salary to senior staff, thus affording them the incentive to carry on their important work.
During the year, Miss Enid Simon and Mr. Harold Cadle, Temporary Assistants, resigned to take up employment in the Government Service. Miss Helen Fairweather and Mr. Charles Hope were appointed to these vacancies, and later Miss Fairweather resigned to take up residence in the United States, and Mr. Hope was granted leave to obtain medical attention in the same country. Miss Jean Diego, former Sub-Librarian of the Stann Creek Branch Library, was appointed to one of these vacancies.
The full-time staff mentioned conducted both the Central and the Children's Library in Belize, and carried out the exchange and co-ordination work for all the other service-points.
Sub-Librarians in the service-points, some working part-time and someworking voluntarily were as follows:
Punta Gorda Branch Library Miss ICENE ARNOLD
Corozal Branch Library Mr. REMSEY NAVARRO
Stann Creek Branch Library Miss ADELIA LOCKWOOD
El Cayo Branch Library Miss GENEVIEVE AWE
Orange Walk Branch Library Mrs. LOUISE URBINA
Gallon Jug Sub-Library Mr. A. BOWIE
Garbutt's Creek Sub-Library Miss RUTH CATTOUSE
Placencia Sub-Library Mrs. MERLENE WAITE
Prison Sub-Library SUPT. of Prisons
Crooked Tree Sub-Library Mr. C. ENGLETON
Sibun Sub-Library Mr. Emmanuel Hynds

Mango Creek Sub-Library Mr. JAMES GUERRERO //
Sittee Sub-Library Mr. E. A. THOMPSON
Barranco Sub-Library Mr. C. H. Arzu
Monkey River Sub-Library Mr. BASIL COLEMAN
San Antonio Sub-Library Mr. BoNIFICIO GUZMAN
Gales Point Sub-Library Miss LENA OSMAN
5. Library Departments and Service-Points. The Headquarters and Central Library of the Jubilee Public Library Service remained centered in the Bliss Institute, Belize. The Central Library plays two roles-that of being the main arsenal of books for adult library members of the city of Belize and that of providing and supplying requirements for service-points throughout the country. Similarly central staff divided their work between these two roles. With the exception that staff space difficulties have developed, the Library area in the Bliss Institute is one of which any city would be proud. It has a Lending Library, a Periodicals Department, a Reference Library, and a British Honduras Collection Rc tm, with the Librarian's Office ideally centered between these departments.
In the Library building in North Front Street, Belize, the Children's Library is maintained. Here again there is good accommodation and the activities of this service-point is described elsewhere in this Report.
Next to these service-points are the branches in the district towns-in Corozal, Orange Walk, El Cayo, Stann Creek and Punta Gorda, all these have lending and reading accommodation and bookstock which are being increased gradually. None of these libraries is housed in a specially-designed library building.
Five new Sub-Libraries were established during the year-at Monkey River, Barranco, Sittee, San Antonio and Gales Point. At the end of the year, therefore, the service-points were as follows:Belize District Orange Walk District
Belize Central Library Orange Walk Branch Library
Jubilee Children's Library Gallon Jug Sub-Library
Gales Point Sub-Library Crooked Tree Sub-Library
Sibun Sub-Library (four points) Stann Creek District
Prison Sub-Library Stann Creek Branch Library
(with local committee)
Cayo District Mango Creek Sub-Library
El Cayo Branch (with local com- Sittee Sub-Library
mittee) Placencia Sub-Library
Garbutt's Creek Sub-Library Toledo District
(sub-stock at Listowel School) Punta Gorda Branch Library
Corozal District (with local committee)
San Antonio Sub-Library
Corozal Branch Library (with Monkey River Sub-Library
local committee) Barranco Sub-Library
6. Bookstock. The Public Library Service has suffered from the fact that only limited funds are available to finance a book purchasing policy systematically planned to increase and improve the coverage of subjects. A substantial amount cf the stock has been accumulated through donations, which do not help sufficiently in the matter of book selection and of a properly representative bookstock. This problem is one that previous Librarians had referred to again and again. For the past three years, there has been an increased effort to augment the stock as quickly and as widely as possible. For instance, in 1954 the bookstock stood at 14,000 volumes, which rose to 17,000 in 1955 and to 20,000 in 1956. It is with satisfaction that we note a total of bookstock of 25,721 volumes at the end of 1957.:,
Of the 6,114 volumes added to stock, 2,864 were donated. Substantial donations came
-from the British Council, Fulham Public Library of London, the citizens of St. Petersburg, Florida, and from citizens from British Honduras who donated books occasionally to the stock of the library. To all those donating books the service owes much gratitude, because with the increase of service-points, of membership, and of issues, it is imperative that sufficient books be available to supply the demand for reading through the Public Library Service.

During 1957 the sum of $2878.63 was spent from the Government allocation for the purchase of books. A particular debt of gratitude is owed to Government for having voted $2,500 from the official Charities Fund for the purchase and rebinding of Childi en's Books. This allowed the usual allocation to be used only for adult books. Approximately 455 Fiction, 462 Non-Fiction, and 2,033 Children's books were purchased during the year Rebinding at an accelerated pace was also possible. For instance, 2,632 boqks were rebound in comparison with 1,100theprevious year. A substantial amount of these books rebound were children's books. It will be understood that a heavy demand is being made on the Children's bookstock, and that Children's books are loaned out much more frequently than adult books.
The number of books allocated to out-district service-points continues to increase. In 1955 it was 2,900, in 1956, 4,850, in 1957, 6,736. The bookstock of the Central Library remained stationary at around 13,000 volumes, while books at the Belize Children's Library rose from 2,000 to 2,600 approximately.
If we record a break-down of the 25,700 books in the service, it would show a total of 9,300 Non-Fiction, 1,171 Reference, 7,950 Fiction, 4,850 Children, 1,050 British Hondiras Reference, 400 Spanish, and 1,000 Permanent Stock books.
The aim of cataloguing the stock of the library under a standard scheme went forward steadily if slowly during the year. Standard cards were purchased through the stationery vote and through the beneficence of a British Council Grant administered by the Baron Bliss Trust it was possible to order a standard catalogue card cabinet from the United Kingdom. Cataloguing by standard accepted methods is nota quick task, but it is hoped that in time ,to come the library will possess a complete catalogue of its entire bookstock, and will be able to discard the present Author and Title Indexes which are now falling out-of date, and which will then be used as a shelf register of stock.
Accessioning in the loose-leaf binders under standard.methods continued,. The catalog being compiled is a classified one on cards, and the stock of the library is classified by the Dewey Decimal Classification. A selected list of new acquisition to stock is published quarterly, and this and other book lists aided the service-points, as only the Central and the Belize Children's have some form of catalogue. A system of reservation of books, in order to afford every member unprejudiced opportunity to read any book, new o, old, was maintained during the year. It was discontinued in the Children's Library, as this Iwas found not to be necessary. Through the system 1,540 requests for individual adult books were satisfied, and members have expressed pleasure in this facility given them by the service. Regular treatment of books with booksolution was carried out and a survey of stock conducted quarterly. The Out-District Branches had their stock checked as visits were made tp them.
It must not be forgotten that the situation of having but 25,700 books to serve a population of some 80,000 is not a satisfactory one. It must be noted, too, that the Children's bookstock is far below that desired. With the continued expansion of the Public Library Service along standard lines certainly a growing demand for books, and particularly Children's books is being made by members. This can be appreciated when it is recalled that these members represent students of every category and in every town. The remark wa nade once that the service could well spend any amount of money given it for the purchase ofi books. This is not quite correct, because book purchase, like other expenditure, should represent'an achievement of aims and standard; but no one will disagree with the fact that since the service is playing a much .greater part today in the field of cultural and adult education and information, that consideration for added book expenditure should be regarded ~with sympathy. Thanks must be rendered to Government for the increased subvention during 1957 which allowed a larger number of books to be purchased to cope with the demand for more books by the increasing membership, and the hope is expressed that he increased role of the Library Service in the fields mentioned will win greater sympathy in succeedingyears when the book allocation is being considered.
7. Membership. On the 1st of January, 1957, a new phase commenced for the Public Library Service in British Honduras, when for the first time membership in the Library Service became completely free. The necessary legal amendment for this development was satisfied through Statutory Instrument No. 20 of 1957. As in other progressive Public Library Services throughout the world, any British Honduran residing in an area where there is a service point, could now become a member by merely filling out the necessary application form.
This new development was undoubtedly one of the reasons through which membership in the Public Library Service increased by little over one hutidred per cent. The total registered membership of the service was 1,574 in 1954, 1,782 in 1955, 2,320, in 1956, and 4,823 in 1957.

This comparatively large increase was a most pleasing one and obviously indicative of the value of a free Public Library Service.
The following table shows the break down of membership:Adidt1 TChildren Total
Belize: Central and
Children .. .. 1,244 1,145 2,389
Others .. .. .. 874 1,560 2,434
2,118 2,705 4,823
During the year fitting publicity was given to the occasion when for the first time one thousand active members were registered in the Belize Central Library and it is, noted that the figure reached 1244 by the end of the year.
The figure for registered membership does not indicate the total use of the service by any means, as afty citizen is free to enter any service-point and read books, periodicals, or seek information without being a member. No definite statistics are kept of such unregistered users, except for the hour to hour tabulation of readers which is noted in section nine of this report. It would not be too wro-ng, however, to estimate that almost the same number of un-registered meMibers use the service for this purpose as the registered who are allowed to take books for home reading. It might be of interest to note that from a broad check of the Belize adult membership of the Public Library Service it was gathered that 664 were males, 580 were females, 173 were domestics, 209 professional people, 132 nurses and civil servants, 152 teachers, 167 stores and office clerks, 183 students, 40 labourers, 24 policemen and 164 miscellaieous categories.
While detailed comment on juvenile membership is mentioned in section ten of this report, this and the rise of adult membership should be borne in mind when consideration of the true development of the bookstock is made. The juvenile bookstock is far too small to cater for the present potential juvenile membership, nor is the adult bookstock of sufficient representation to stand such strain in its present condition.
8. Book Issues. It is with pleasure that we again record the highest figure for bok issues ever recorded in the history of the Public Library Service. The issue total fobr 1957 was practically one hundred per cent. over the figure for 1956. Few statistics are compled by our Public Library Service, and the maintenance of issue figures are done in a modest manner, with no emphatic intention to portray undue use of the service. For instance, while in some library services uses of Reference Books are recorded as issues, no count is taken of this as yet in our Public Library Service-an enuIteration which wvmld definitely increase theissue figure of the Certital Library to a great ~xtent. Figures for issues, therefore, are figures fo books taken home for home reading.
The following table tells the story of book issues for 1957, in comparison with the past four years.
1953 1954 1955 196 1957
At Belize CentralLibrary & Jubilee
Children's Libtary
Fiction Books .. 15,049 14,085 15,992 14,987 26,199
Non-Fiction Books .. 3,804 4,343 5, 5,063 7,942
Juveile BOks .. 8,279 11,733 16,334 154066 29,580
27,131 3l61 3S,151 35,416 43#721
At all other Service-Points
MFotion Ro .. .. 1,322) S*08 4,150 8,607
Nonflotia* Books 727 1,646 3,60
Juvenile Books .. .. 2,795 2,309 8,941 25,049
4,117 4,844 14,737 $6,716
Totl Book Issues : 100,437
Thetr is also eanse for satisfation in that issues in the district se-rvic e-points keep increase. ii, nd it can be noted that they increased by' 150%. This is intdieativedf the keen intere paid in the ev pment odf the district service-pints, particularlyy in the increase of service of te town branches.

As a matter of record, it might be of interest to note that of 7,940 Non-Fiction books issued for home reading from the Belize Central Library, 951 were books on literature, 1,239 were books on the Social Sciences, 922 were books on the Useful Arts, 620 were books on the Sciences, and 1,849 were books on History, War and Adventure.
All the town branches use the Browne System of issues, as employed in the two Belize Libraries. This was also employed at three other smaller service-points, while the others used ordinary issues registers.
It must be emphasized once more that issue figures do not include use of the reference departments of the service, and use of the Reference Library in Belize by students has visibly increased.
9. Facilities, Reading, and Reference. The remark is heard often that all the Public Library does is to issue books for home reading. Actually this is but one part of the valuable work of the Public Library Service. Another is that of providing facilities for the reading of periodicals where information much more current than that found in books can be read, and also, providing a stock of reference books for the extraction of needed information and for the convenience of research students.
The Central Library has become veritably a "hive" for students frcm the city various Secondary Schools and Teacher Training Colleges, as well as for those doing courses either privately or through local adult education classes. From the increased amount of Dictionaries, Encyclopaedias, Year Books, Directories, etc., staff carried on the work of providing requested information. This part of work in the Central Library perhaps does not get sufficient publicity, but there were many who used it and derived every satisfaction from its service. This is a feature of Library work which is regarded with importance both abroad and among our staff.
Service for reading and reference was not confined to the Central Library in Belize, the same facilities were provided in the Belize Children's Library as ,A ell as at the branches in the main towns, and indirectly at every service-point; A "Reference Inquiry" form is available in order to facilitate the extraction of information for members of the public.
In order to allow for a better system of providing information, zn "Information Index" was compiled referring to books and serial material where information had been noted, or previously requested information had been found., Moreover, indexes were made out of pamph' lets filed at Central Library (including Agricultural Pamphlets), and these were interfiled in tNae Information Index. An index of plays was also compiled and the work of increasing the collection of illustrations went on-actions which are indicative of the importance placed on reference and information work in the local Public Library Service.
Aswas mentioned before, no count is made of the use of reference books and periodicals in any of our service-points. Such tabulations are added to the ordinary issue figurein other libraries. An arbitrary system has been employed in our service where at every hour of opening time, a count is made of the people using the reading and reference facilities. It is satisfactory to note that even this figure increased during 1957, and a comparison of figures for the past six years are as follows:1952-27,865 1955-39,627
1953-=31,407 1956-44,029
1954-36,966 1957-52,141
A further move during 1957 to develop the reference service at Central Library was an effort to collect all sorts of maps to supplement the supply of Atlases which the Central Library has. Through a British Council Grant to theBliss Institute administered by the Baron Bliss Trust, it was possible-to get a Standard Steel Map Cabinet from the United Kingdom, and this was partly in use during the year.
The effort to consolidate and increase reference and reading facilities throughout the service goes on -rnsistently because any good Public Library Service must not be -unmindful of such acilities. J
...10. The:'Service and Children. One of the most important points to notice in the development of our Public Library Service is that of providing as good a service as possible to the young members of the Library Service. Since the Public Library Service in British Honduras is a relatively recent one, the development of a gopd readingpublic depends a lot on the development of young readers in as wide a sphere as possible now. This view entertainsnmrely the library aim, but the geat good that is done to children becae of good optional reading can not be lost sight of.

Of the 4,823 registered members in the service in December 1957, 2,75-more than half
-were young members. This attests to the importance that must be paid to satisfying their demands for reading. Of this mumber, 1,145 juveniles were members in the City cf Belize, and the remaining, 1,560 were members of the various service-points scattered over the country, The figure of 2,705 juvenile members compares with 1,352 young members in 1956, an increase of 106%. Issues of children's books increased from 24,007 in 1956 (15,066 in Belize) to 54,629 in 1957 (29,580 in Belize), an increase of 127.5%. One figure that merits repetition is that relating to the issue of children's books in district service-points which increased from 8,941 in 1956 to 25,049 in 1957. When studying these most satisfactory figures, it should be noted that the children's bookstock at December, 1957 was merely 5,500 volumes of the total of 25,700 volumes in stock. More children's books are sorely needed, and the current stock is being heavily over-worked and much re-binding is necessary.
In order to increase the love for reading, one or two activities are ccnducted at the Belize Children's Library, and began to spread to other service-points during 1957. The Boys' and Girls' Reader's Groups maintained at this Library since mid-1955 and early 1956 respectively continued to function weekly with very good results. These groups set out to discuss authors, books, the value of reading and similar topics, and hale various activities conrected with books. The members-young members over 12 years-conduct the groups themselves under proper' supervision. Various joint activities were held during the year for parents, an outstanding one being a debate between three members of each group, the motion being "To a young child, the public library is a more fascinating place than the school." The motion was supported by the Girls' Group, and the panel of judges of three Library Committee members, decided in their favour, while they praised the boys for having tried unsuccessfully to defend the case of the school.
An interesting feature resulting from these groups was the keen interest members took in their Library. Actually, members from both groups have taken periods to assist staff at the two Belize libraries at the charging desks during peak periods. Furthermore, it was from these Groups that temporary staff was recruited during the year.
The younger members of the Library are invited weekly to a story-telling session which has been fairly well attended. Some young members have also taken part in the children's programme over the local broadcasting station.
During 1957, perhaps due to the fact that sub-librarians attending the Annual Library Course sat in at two meetings of the Reader's Groups, such groups and story-telling sessions began taking root in some service-points outside of Belize. This activity all depended on the time.available to the sub-librarians and to their interest in making the sacrifice to conduct them. Reader's Groups began functioning at Punta Gorda Library Branch and at the sub-libraries at Monkey River, Mango Creek and Placencia, while story-telling is also conducted at El Cayo Library Branch and at Garbutt's Creek Sub-Library.
Service to children is taken seriously in public libraries all over the world today because of the obvious benefits. The Jubilee Public Library Service did not neglect this important sphere of its work during 1957, and the results achieved in statistics during the year were indicative that as good a service as possible was being provided to children.
11. Finance. The year 1957 saw another increase in the Government Allocation granted to the Library. This consisted of $11,600 as a general subvention, $2,5,00 f r Children's bookstock, and $694.00 to pay retrospective salaries. While the Gcveir ment subvention to the Library Service remains comparatively small, bearing in mind the increased demands made on the service because of increased educational facilities, yet the Library Committee viewed with satisfaction and appreciation the effort of Government to keep increasing the subvention. No, money was received for subscription during the year as the service became a free one, and the sum of $146.69 was collected in fines for late return,.of books,
A quiick breakdown of the expenditure shows that $7,381.50 Was'spent on salaries plus $694.00 on retrospective salaries, $2,878.63 was spent on purchase of books, $1,354.35 was spent on book-binding, $705.82 on service-points, $312.72 on periodicals.: The financial statement at the end of this report presents figures in detail and also nientions comparative amounts spent during 1956.
Previous annual reports have mentioned again and again the question of the meagreness of the library subvention. It cannot be said that the library is getting its proper share of public money as compared with the amount spent on formal education. No money is accorded the Library under the development expenditures. and it appears that the Library, allocation- is considered at times merely as a block amount an'd without sufficient regard to itemized heads of

expenditure submitted, from year to year to the finance department, explaining what the library would wish to spend to keep up its progress. A four-year plan formulated in 1956 has been the guiding fator in this matter, and only the many students and those who use the service intimately can virtually realize the demand being made on tl e Public Libray SeiVice. It is no longer a case of ioney voted merely for providing books for home reading-rather one of expanding a -Public Library movement over the country, catering for students, for the need of information, for research material as well as for books for home reading. The Committee hopes that in future the-e points will be borne in mind when the relatively small requests for inoney made by the Public Library Service are considered.
12. British Hotdaras Collection. For the past few years every effort has been made to accumulate books,pamphlets, reports, etc. that deal with British Honduras, or are written by British Hondurans, for a British Honduras Collection Room. This is not an easy task with out-of-print books. The Collection is maintained in a room in the Central Library 'Which has now grown too small to contain it. While in 1956 thete were 925 books and pamphlets in this collection, the figure rose to 1,038 at the end of 1957. It was possible to acquire one ot 'two out-of-print books fromappropriate booksellers, and to work out a system of binding local Newspapers and reports as far as funds would permit. This is a most important section of the Central Library as it plays a great part in providing research information to visitors and local students. It was also possible duiing the year to acquire a cabinet to contain more valuable books. The Librarian approached Government on the matter of the reprinting of such publications As a "Handbook of British Honduras" and the "Brief Sketch of British Honduras" and was told that the matter was in hand. An early effort will have to be. mnade to expand the accommodation available for this Local Collection Department so that it may be conveniently used by those persons, both local and foreign, who wish to consult the books contained iA it.
13. Annual Library Course 1957. Another successful Annual Training Course was held from the 10th to the 13th May, 1957. The idea of this course was to acquaint library staff, particularly Sub-Librarians, with some knowledge of Librarianship, and more important to discuss ahd decide on means of co-ordinating and developing the local Public Library Service. Seventeen persons took this course including two from the Central Library Staff, eleveft Sub-Librarians, two teachers from the Government Training College, and one person each fro6i the Extra-Mural D)epartinent and Education Department. It was officially opened by the f4ohourable Mr. A. E. Cattotse, Menber for Social Services, and apart from the bulk Of th dctures delivered by the Libratian, guest speakers irrnclhtded Mr. R. P. K. Harison, Mr. J. L. Blackett, Mts. M. Peacock, a-d Mr. S. A. Morgan. The course consisted of talks, isi, A 'im th6w, soMe practicAl WOrk it the Belize Libraries, and discussions; and all agreed that t Wa a ntdst succssril Aid vlhis those indeed. The Librarian received from the Colonial Secretary a note expressing the Governor's satisfaction that such a course had been orgaioed,
14. Presentation f Bquipmehi. During the year the Library Committee successfully ought .tr allocation from thetran given by the British Council to the Baron Bliss institute. The Baron Bliss Trust who controlthisgtant Very kindly allocatedl money for the purchase Of a type writer, a duplicator machine, two mahogany tables and a cabinet, a catalogue card cabinet, tijlda unao cabihet-4hI dta1 patcha~e ataciunted to approximatdly $4,20(0 This has been of I h use in ~ cobrdathgtlHeadduarters'of the Strvice maitta~ifed in the Bliss Institute. The Libraty C6&mit W d wAish to express its sincere apprte iaion to the Bittish Cowucil ftd t1he Barbh Bliss TrAMt r Ohts Euistantial assistance.
15. ;Work in h MDt- iet Serv#e-Poifts. The yeat 1957 saw an increase in the fabli& Wits cH red the t f te && 6f thfth it the Out-Oistridt Service Poihts. For instance, book issues at these points increase Wor appoxiilately I 5,MOO in 1956 to 36,7t6 iti 1957 andthe bok ,stock from 4,v50 to 6,136. Membership increased from 1,020 in 1956 to .2,434 in 1957. This shows the proges being nade -at these points. The annual library Course held 4in 195.7 was vo doubt an incentivee to ub-Librarians, whether working voluntarily or being granted a nall allowance, to spread the work of the Public Library Service in a co-ordinated mannr. Several of them attended this Course, and took part in the discussions about possibleprogress and expansion. Five new service-points came into existence during the year, and two distridts bf inclis idoininhe1A 6pVnig dily, in other t 6'iVe bdetet service to 'heir medbelf. 'These w~re ht t'Co*zl a'h8%~thhn 'Credk.
Mention 4oo iust be siade of 'the inckdased requests for individual books from Conra
-ibmry by rib-Libtdriats to fdoffitate the Wahts of members -t their service-poifts. Ihis w~s

a most encouraging sign to Central Staff, and it must be noted that while in 1956 only 3,000 books were exchanged with Headquarters, the figure for 1957 was 4,569.
The Librarian visited Branches and Sub-Libraries at Corozal, Orange Walk, Stann Creek, Punta Gorda, El Cayo, Garbutt's Creek and San Antonio. During the year, Stb-Librarians visiting Belize also came in regularly to report on and to discuss their service-points. A further step, therefore, was made in 1957 to approximate the importance of service-points to that of the Central Library. For many years the bulk of the service was centered at the Central Library in Belize, but during 1957 the increased importance attached to every service-point was testimony that the service was truly developing into a country-wide public library service.
Various Sub-Librarians submitted quite interesting and informative reports on the work of their service-points at the end of the year. It is hoped that such reports will be incorporated in the annual report of the service in future years.
16. Publicity. A growing Public Library Service has to pay every attention to good publicity if it is to present its work and explain it properly before the people it serves,; and acquaint existing members of the services available. During the year every available avenue for publicity was used by our Library Service staff.. Three programmes on books, each lasting ovei two months, were conducted over the British Honduras Broadcasting Service. This Service helped the Library Service too by putting out,announcements of activities, etc. The Lo al press too were most helpful in reporting the activities of, the Service, and reporters were present at various activities.
The matter of publicity was satisfied too through the coniant displays maintained both at the Central Library and at several other service-points. They in Iluded displays on popular books, subject displays, displays of new books, and various items of news about authors and books. The Library bulletin "The Lighthouse" came out quarterly, bringing to the public ltens of library news and acquainting them with selected lists of new additions to bookstock.
All is all, it can be reported that through all the a*endes employed, fitting publicity was givdn toA.the Service in 1957.
17. Conclusion. I consider that the year 1957 was one punctuated by progress for the Public Library Service in British Honduras. The small financial allocation and the consequent shottage of sufficient bookstock existing in the past was somewhat alleviated, though not comletely, by an increased Government Grint. Gratitude must be expressed for this wise appraisal of the needs of the Public Library Service. It is hoped that even more favourable consideratio will be given to the financial problems of our growing Service in the future, bearing in mind the wide cultural and educational part it is playing in the development of the country. I am tempted to recall once more the words of Mr. A. A. Bryant, F. L. A., Director of Jamaica Library Service when he made a report on our Library Service in 1949 and said; "to sepnd little is to waste what is spent;" and the thought ofa Director of Education of Derbyshire, England in 1957 when he remarked that the money spend on public libraries was one which could honestly be said, if no other could, to cause education to happen. The preceding sections of this Report attest to progress-progress in membership, in bookstock, in issues, in servicepoints, in greater facilities, in- a better-equipped staff, in offering to a larger number of the population the great benefits of a Public Library Service. While the Committee and the staff have worked hand in hand to bring about this progress, I must record the appreciation owed to the various agents Who made this work possible and encouraging. Giatitude must be expressed, therefore, to Government, to the Department of Information and Communications, to the British Council, to the Bliss Trust, to all those who made donations, to the Press and to the public who supported and used and commented favourably on the work of the Public Library Service. Together they form the nucleus of a support which will bring about the greater progress in the future.
Nineteen hundred and fifty-seven was, a year too when staff was expected to work harder and- more efficiently in order to cope with the increased activities of the Service. It must be recalled that no addition was made to Central Staff during the year. To every member of the staff, including sb-librarians, all of whoramworked unflinchingly and faithfully, I must express in this report my thanks and that of all concerned with the Public Library Service in British Honduras.
Jubilee Public Library Service,
Secretary of the Library Committee.

326.15 Light and Telephone ... .. .. $261.65 $10,000.00 Grants from Government .. .. .. $14,794.00
267.75 Insurance 289.00 General: .. .. .. 11,600.00
280.36 General Expenses .. .. .. .. .. 370.27 Official Charities; .. .. .. 2,500.00
504.45 Printing and Stationery .. .. .. .. 460.71 For RetrospectivQ Slaries: .. 694.0
158.36 Periodicals .. .. .. .. 312.73 122.33 Fines 146.69
5,450.88 Salaries & Wages: .. .. ... .. 8,075.50 300.00 Subscriptions 2.45
Current .. .. .. 7,381.50 2,674.73 Donations
- Deficit .. .. .. .. 112.26
Retrospective .. 694, 00
470.33 Sub-Libraries .. .. ... .. .. 705.82
76.52 Training of Staff .. .. .. .. .. 161.57
8.67 Repairs to Building .. ..
3,457.47 Depreciation .. .. .. .. .. .. 4,418.15
Books .. .. .. 3,936.67
Buildings .. .. .. 404.85
Furniture, etc .. .. 76.63
35.74 Anniversary Celebrations .. .. 2,059.88 Surplus .. ..
$13,096.56 $15,055.40 $13,096.56 $15,055.40

Fixed Assets
18,334.11 Surplus and Deficit .. .. .. $18,231.85 $8,082.74 $7,692.17
Building and Land .. $8,082.15
Plus Repairs .. 14.28
Current Liabilities Less Depreciation .. 404.85
50.00 Postmaster General (for stamps) 50.00 Books .. .. 8,895.60
- Dntos2,796.48 Plus Book Expense .. 2,878 .63
Donatons .. .. .. ..' ,,Binding .. 1,354.35
Donations .. 2,621.12
Less Depreciation 3,936.67
,,Books lost &
paid for 3.00 3,939.67
8,895.60 11,810.03
Furniture and Fittings .. 1,503.40
Plus Repairs .. 29.25
________1,532.65 1,270.40 Less Depreciation .. 76.63 1,456.02
$18,394.11 $21,078.33
Current Assets
This Account and Balance Sheet have been examined in accordance with Section 28 Cash ..89.86
of the Jubilee Public Library Ordinance, 1935 (No. 37 of 1935). 1 have obtained all the in- 145.37 Bank .. .30.25 120. 11
formation and explanations I have required and I certify, as a result of this Audit, that, in $18,394.11 $21,078.33
my opinion, the Account and Balance Sheet are correct. ___N. F. BARRON-SULLIVAN, Certified Correct. GLOBAL
Principal Auditor. Librarian.