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Search for yesterday

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Title:
Search for yesterday a history of Levy County, Florida
Creator:
Levy County Archives Committee (Fla.)
Place of Publication:
Bronson, Fla
Publisher:
Levy County Archives Committee
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Edition:
Chapter 6, 1977
Physical Description:
28 volumes : ; 28 cm +

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Subjects / Keywords:
History -- Levy County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Biography -- Levy County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Genealogy -- Levy County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Florida -- Levy County ( fast )
Genre:
Biography. ( fast )
Genealogy. ( fast )
History. ( fast )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
Biography ( fast )
Genealogy ( fast )
History ( fast )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
Includes index as v.29.
General Note:
"A Bicentennial publication."
General Note:
Chapter three has title: Slowpoke. Chapter nine has title: The High Sheriff.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Levy County Archives Committee. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
024053741 ( ALEPH )
06316718 ( OCLC )
00711645 ( LCCN )
Classification:
F317.L6 S44 1977 ( lcc )
975.9/77 ( ddc )

UFDC Membership

Aggregations:
Florida Family and Community History

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Full Text
L arch for eterdai
A History
of
Levy County, Florida
Chapter Six
Published By The
Levy County Archives Committee
Sponsored by the Levy County Board of Commissioners Bronson, Florida
A Bicentennial Publication




Copyright 1977
Levy County Archives Committee




FROM THE OLD DOCUMENTS
BY S. E. GUNNELL
Over the years since its beginning in 1845, Levy County has been the scene of shouting matches legal dust storms, shootouts, and various forms of what is known in the common vernacular as hanky-panky. This presentation is in no way intended to be a derogatory commentary since old Levy County was probably no different in this respect from other frontier counties in this state and other states.
A few of the old court cases will be referred to and the outcome of most of those is not recorded. Since our interest is historical rather than puerile, we are not publishing the hanky-panky. Some passages are included to show aspects of the dialects spoken at the time. Others may reveal some structures of the old social order that seem quaint to us today, but this should be viewed in the perspective that our own social order would appear extremely strange to those old timers if they could have looked ahead into time at us as we are looking back in time at them.
Some of the old pioneers left their places of origin at high speed with angry persons chasing them. Others were fugitives from justice, some were misfits, adventurers, restless spirits whose destiny was to always move on to see where the next trail would go. Some others left north Georgia, Virginia and the Carolinas simply because the family homestead had run out of land to support the ever growing clan. The younger ones had to move on. Some of them left with their families and never saw the older ones again.
Those early settlers were a curious mixture of the bizarre, the comical, the sad, and the tragic elements of life. The one recurring characteristic among them is that they were tough, hard, they survived, and only they could have powered their way through that harsh, cruel wilderness life and started a civilization.
Now, no frontiers are left, all the trails have ended, the last campfire is dead and cold and there is nowhere left for the restless ones to go.




1842: Wester and Edward Hogan, one Alexander Clarke
In Wilkinson County, Mississippi, a judgment was found not guilty of setting an evil example to
was issued against Peter A. Prester. Prester had the good people by carrying arms secretly. migrated to the area which was to become Levy
County, Florida. 1858:
Elias Turner was clerk. Horatio Thompson sued
1848: the Suwannee Lumber Company owned by Robert
David A. Morgan lived in Levy County at a H. McIlvaine of Florida, Isaac Brown of Maryland,
place known as Alligator. and Zephemiah Britt of North Carolina. The
lumber company was on lot 4, block 2, Atsena Otie.
1852: Zep Britt lived in Lincoln County, North Carolina.
Elijah Hunter was charged with "pummeling Zep got the mill property in the lawsuit.
one William Stephens." Witnesses were William Edmund Kelsey sued the town of Atsena Otie
J. HartIac Htephns."mitnSebstian wer lis, which had been incorporated that same year in
J. Hart, Isaac Highsmith, Sebastian Tomlinson, July. The town had a president, Augustus Steele.
and Enoch Daniels. Trustees were Simeon A. Edwards, James S. F.
Personal property from the estate of John Cottrell, Robert H. Mcllvaine, William G. Pigman,
Once, Levyville blacksmith, was sold by James E. and James Tucker. Kelsey said some of the Thompson, administrator. citizens of the town began a move toward
incorporation under the pretext of suppressing vice
1853: and immorality, and of protecting the life and
"One Hastings Johnson, on March 1, 1853, in property of the citizens which it was pretended
the county aforesaid, one bull calf the property of could be done at modest expense to the citizens. one Gasper Seastrunk feloniously did steal, take, He further stated that the procedure used in and carry away, to the evil example of the good obtaining the charter of incorporation was illegal.
people of Florida and against the dignity of the The town had levied a small municipal tax and
same." built two plank sidewalks. One of the sidewalks ran
Isaac Highsmith was indicted for assault and "from near the wharf to the church, being the only
battery upon the person of Robert Waterson. church in town." Beyond that, the church in
William J. Hart was charged with assault and Atsena Otie in 1858 is not identified. Kelsey
battery upon the person of one Enoch Daniels. objected to paying the tax. The judge, Thomas J.
Nathaniel and James Turner were indicted for King, issued an injunction against the town.
"keeping store open on a Sabbath." Witnesses Kelsey was required to post bond in the amount of
were William J. Hart and Moses Cason. Foreman $1,000. He declined to do so and the injunction was
of the grand jury was James B. Thompson. dissolved. As far as is now known, this was the
first incorporation of a town at Atsena Otie (Cedar
1854: Key) and the first in Levy County. The municipal
In the case of State Vs James F. Thompson, government may have ceased to function during
charged with employing servants on the Sabbath, the confusion of the Civil War. Possibly, the sole
the defense asked that the jury be instructed to surviving trace of it anywhere is this old court case
find the defendant not guilty if the servants did a in the Archives in Bronson. "work of necessity." The court refused, but gave James S. Turner was indicted for assault on
instructions for a not guilty verdict if the work was Edmund D. Hogan. In Cedar Key, Samuel W. done because of "some extraordinary operation of Johnson was indicted for assault on John Marion. nature such as produced by a storm or fire or an From the deposition of R. H. Mdllvaine: "...
inroad of the sea and not from common and usual diffused peritoneal inflammation and his life is in
operations such as are produced by heat or cold." great peril." From the deposition of J. W. Tooke:
Walter C. Tresper was indicted for assault "Myself and the defendant were in company
upon the person of William L. Moore. Witnesses togelf andt defendan were in cany
wereDextr Smpso an Jams M Janey.together about 12 o'clock when Mr. Marion came were Dexter Simpson and James M. Janney. along, said, 'What are you doing here, you ?'
I then said 'Gentlemen, let us not have difficulty,'
1855: and I left. Do not know what happened after that."
Andrew J. Collins was sued by Thomas C. William A. F. Jones was JP (Justice of the Peace).
Love. Johnson had shot Marion twice.
1857: 1859:
In spite of the testimony of witnesses, John Edward Remington sued William Yearty,
2




default on a note. Suwannee Lumber Company was his minor son. Phelps had already been tried for
sued by William B. Ross. "larceny of said hog" and found not guilty, and
"You are hereby required to summon one this suit for damages followed.
James Hearn to appear before me at Cedar Key on
May 11, 1859, to testify and the truth to speak in 1865: regard to the murder of Simon Douglass and The case of Nicholas S. Cobb Vs James S.
George Douglass and herein fail not." -Franklin Turner was concerned with the settleme Int of a
Jordan, JP and acting Coroner. G. P. Thomas sued partnership retail mercantile business at Lcvyville. John Marcum. Cobb had previously organized a company of
infantry -for the Confederates and was addressed
1860: as Captain Cobb. From Thomas -Starling's
John Tyre charged George E. Colson with testimony, the firm of Turner & Cobb was in
trespass. William Hastie, Philo C. Calhoun, business during 1860-1861. Starling had worked
Rowland B. Lacey, partners doing business as for the firm for four months as clerk and
Hastie, Calhoun & Co., sued William C. H. Rainey bookkeeper. The merchandise markup was from and Tillman Ingram, default on a promissory note. 50-100%.
Zephaniah Butts and John W.- Benton were John F. Jackson testified that he had been a
indicted for practicing medicine without a license, merchant for twelve years and was of the opinion Witnesses were E. M. Graham and Simeon that, the firm of Cobb & Turner had lost money.
Edwards. W. M. Rodgers was city marshall at Thomas F. Prevatt, sheriff, acted as
Atsena Otie. Master-in-Chancery to examine the firm's books.
In the case of William Majors, alias Jack Scott, According to Turner's testimony, he started in charged with breaking and entering the house of business with Cobb on March 12, 1860. He stated
Captain James Tucker, witnesses were E. M. that Cobb was worth $268 at that time. The first
Graham, Camilla Tucker, William Roberts, purchase for over $4,000. During the two years,
Reidester Bryant, Stephen Grant, and Daniel they sold about $20,000 at retail, one-tenth of this
Steward. J. F. Cottrell was mayor at Atsena Otie. as cash sales and the rest on credit. When Cobb left the inventory was down to $800 cash, $1755 in
1861: bank notes and Confederate money, $232 in gold,
Joseph R. Beltow, JP, was indicted for and $100 in railroad money. Asked about the
malpractice of justice. partnership contract, Turner said, "I were to
furnish the means and Captain Cobb were to do the
1862: service, and I were to have 8% on money invested
The Civil War was going on and nothing was and we were to divide the profits." When asked
recorded that survives, how much was lost by Cobb neglecting to collect
for goods sold to his infantry company for which he
1863: was personally responsible, Turner replied,
Solomon Rouse was indicted for the murder of "$6,800. "
James Mangin. Nicholas S. Cobb was charged with In his testimony, Nicholas Cobb stated that the
assault upon one James McGhee. Nicholas Cobb average markup was 50% and that he was due
was indicted for challenging William R. Coulter to $15,975 from the firm at the time he left for CSA fight a duel. James S. Turner was indicted for military service. Cobb had a memorandum of his
putting his brand on "the said calf of one Julia claims prepared by Col. W. R. Coulter, said the Prevatt." store's stock was worth $2,000 when he left. When
asked about the amounts of money he owed Milton
1864: Smith and James E. Broome at the time he entered
Joseph Phelps sued James S. Turner for the partnership, he answered, "The books will
$50,000 as compensation for damages, the plaintiff show as regards to Broome; I don't recollect as being represented as "a good, true, honest, just, regards Smith." and faithful citizen of said county and state" From the testimony of Daniel J. Davis:
(words of his attorney). The defendant was Question: "Were you in Captain Cobb's Coincharged with "speaking and publishing several pany?"
false, scandalous, malicious, and defamatory Answer: "1 were."
words, also lying and committing perjury." It Question: "Did Captain Cobb sell goods on his
seems that a certain hog had been killed on the own responsibility?"
premises of the defendant, which hog was claimed Answer: "He sold goods to the men, me for one, by one Stephen Johnson as being the property of and they was to pay him when they col-




lected their money. A portion was sold McQueen, James F. Thompson, Mrs. A. Odum,
that there was no account of, a big fine Dr. T. H. Signore. This probably occurred in Cedar
saddle and a overcoat and a great many Key.
other things. Mr. Turner made a fuss
and went out to the company and rared. 1867:
How Mr. Turner and Capt. Cobb settled Andrew E. Hodges was tried for the murder of
it I do not know." Benjamin Leak. David Wilkinson charged that
William Gause testified that he had heard "one Frank Wilkinson on or about August 1, 1867,
Turner say that Cobb was worth about $8,000. The did feloniously steal, take and carry away one black outcome of this case is not recorded. sow with a streak on her face and did alter the
Also in 1865, James S. Turner was indicted for mark of said sow and put it in a pen." Green fatally shooting Joseph B. Haskew, "said gun Chaires, administrator for the estate of William G.
being loaded with buckshot." Burgess, sued Louis C. Arlidge of Cedar Key.
From a declaration by David Higginbotham
1866: who was being sued by Teasdale and Reid: "I have
A warrant was issued for Moses Hall, paid Teasdale and Reid every dollar I ever owed
freedman, for assault on one State Right Dixon. them and more, and I never owed them $700 in my
Louis Appel, constable, had a warrant to arrest life. I never bought any boots, I do not recollect
Wiley Holensback for the murder of Anderson buying any rice. I do not keep accounts, being an
Philpot. Henry Honor was charged with breaking unlettered man. When we came to a settlement
and entering the dwelling of John Chesser and one time they said I owed $272. I offered them the
stealing a dress coat. money but they wanted the cotton instead. I told
"Whereas Sarah J. Allen has this day made Reid I would deliver the hides at Grey's Wharf
affidavit before George S. Leavitt, clerk of Circuit according to contract." Court, that one Joseph W. Allen on the 22nd day of Question: "Would you believe Teasdale and Reid September at night A. D. 1866, an assault with on their oath?"
attempt to kill did make with one pistol and did Answer: "I would in some cases." shoot at the said Sarah J. Allen and swore that he Also in 1867, "Whereas Robert Watterson says
would kill her and did further with a knife attempt he is lawfully entitled to the possession of a certain to cut the said Sarah J. Allen's throat ..." sugar boiler with a piece broke out of one side, and
"We the jury find the prisoner, Joseph W. Arthur J. Hodge unlawfully detains said boiler
Allen, guilty; fine, one dollar and costs of court, so
say we all." Signed, William L. Moore, foreman.
James S. Turner, Mary A. Tresper, and Sol 1868:
Osteen were witnesses in the case of State Vs E. J. The Cedar Key Hotel Company, offices at Lutterloh. "...one Edward J. Lutterloh, soldier, Fernandina, was incorporated by David L. Yulee, in 1864 with force and arms, one bag of silver coins John Hodges, D. E. Maxwell, E. J. Lutterloh, and to the value of $115, cotton bagging to the value of C. Wickliffe. Odell Johnson was summoned as a $10, one safe to the value of $10, of the goods and witness in JP Court of Franklin Jordan in Cedar chattels of one John Waterson and Mary A. Key, the case being State Vs James M. Farmer.
Tresper feloniously did steal."
George S. Leavitt sued Jane R. Leavitt for 1869:
divorce. Nathaniel Jameison, physician, was Henry Lewis was indicted for hitting Joseph
charged with "keeping shop open on the Sabbath Loggin over the head with a fence rail. If an assault
Day." Florida Town Improvement Company sued victim was knocked unconscious for a specified
N. B. Hill and J. F. Mitchell for default on length of time, the legal types said he was "killed"
promissory notes given to James T. Soutter and for that length of time.
John McRae as trustees of the Florida Railroad In Cedar Key, Franklin Jordan, JP, issued a
Company. Robert Isaac, colored, was indicted for witness subpoena for Joseph Yearty in the murder "betting at cards, did play and bet at a game of of Simon Douglass and George Douglass. cards, to wit, the game of Seven-up, with one One William Nelson was shot in the jaw with a
Lewellyn J. Hogans." pistol by E. D. Hogans in James S. Turner's store
Westberry Hodge was charged with beating on at Levyviile. Witnesses were David Cannon, J. J.
Andrew J. Clyatt. Clyatt had challenged Hodge Bradford, John F. Fleming, and N. Carter.
about telling around town that Clyatt had stolen a "W. J. Jones, being duly sworn, says that J. J.
hog from him. Witnesses were B. F. Heath, Otto Bradford has in his possession a certain sorrell
Yarimbo, Simeon Edwards, Seth Stevens, James horse about ten years old, blind in both eyes, to
4




which the said W. J. Jones is lawfully entitled." Barnes & Co. They built the steamer J. J. Philbrick Warrants were issued for Caesar Hearn and of Cedar Key.
William Rawls, both Negro, charged with inciting
a riot. ".. that one James M. Hudson fired a 1872:
pistol at him three times with the intent to kill him, "Personally appeared before me, George thus said Davy Hall .."Leavitt, Clerk, Mrs. Maria E. Jackson who being duly sworn deposes and says that on the night of
1870: February 10, 1872, that one Edward Smith did
James Tucker, as agent for Charles Tift of open the door of her kitchen and did feloniously
Monroe County, brought suit against the steamer steal, take and carry away one stone spider carving
Argo of Cedar Key, nonpayment of $269.94 in knife, one water bucket, two table dishes, one tin
supplies. A. E. Hodge sued J. Rickendorfer of New pan, one tin bucket, to the value of eight dollars." York for a default in payment for cedar timber. The Downie Mill in Cedar Key was owned by
George Leavitt was still clerk. M. W. Downie. Also in Cedar Key, A. E. Willard,
L. F. Roux, and George A. Hudson were in
1871: business as Willard Roux and Company. They
Barns &Co.of eda Keywasbeig sed y aadvertised as dealers in fish, oysters, red cedar,
wholsal grcerycomanyin Nw Yrk.sponges, pine lumber, white oak, live oak, and wholealdepogror comanin N c~ wa York. ro general merchandise. Also in 1872, M. W. Downie
Won sate depositongavid L. cowan andaleo was sued by W. H. Hubbard and Co. The signature
Wod staed hatMntgr S. Casnyiha"tt i saule of the clerk of Cedar Key's police court looks like
and illd Hain Caon ith "crtai axH. V. Truitt. He wrote an account of Robert helve. Helve is from an old Anglo-Saxon word for Johnson's appeal to County Court of Johnson's handle. Due to the ambiguous way the word kill conviction of "using slanderous and abusive was used in those days, it is not clear whether language, also for fighting and disturbing the
Cason was knocked unconscious or actually killed. peace." Witnesses were A. E. Willis, Joshua
S. C. Barnes, Jack Condell, Abbie Condell, and White, L. P. Wiseford. The deciphering of these J. A. Starkweather were all partners in the firm of names is uncertain.
During the latter half of the 1800's the sponge business thrived in the Cedar Key area, where these vessels are anchored. The spongers lowered glass-bottomed buckets to locate the sponges which were then snared by a hook on the end of a long pole. Naturally the boats were called Hookers. The sponge industry at Cedar Key existed before diving apparatus was invented and probably before any such
activity began at Tarpon Springs.




~AA
A r emae MTP d S*pin DlroctlonL -J8~
you' Ruume no nItc the 'oods ordered, don't ahtel my order for goods to Nolow.
Ailadi Gul aod havecs noti TrIni stCko.
DISTRICT OF ST. MARK'S,
Co$~c ~#J7I e. l~2Z ,187X
'~~Agents' DI6nthly.]BalaneSet
g77
~~ I
A,, .
WHOLE SALE & RETAIL DEALERS IN
MMNEAMij1IIE1C UAINMISE
"IT STAIDS AT TIM READ. TIM LZG3T-tUN=lG:D0)=TZO."
.A 97
6




0/66
.............
Montbrook School, Clifford Wyner and Bertha Wellman, teachers.
1873:
A. E. Willard was Mayor of Cedar Key. Edwin I said you can not get him. I do not wish to be
F. O'Neil had a general merchandise store there. A accountable for Davis' treatment of the horse freight list for the Schooner Lucy M. is recorded. stock. The crop is not gathered. His affidavit for The Florida Town Improvement Company's replevin is founded in malice. I had promise of the
resident manager was D. L. Yulee. Louis F. Roux mule and cart to go on a visit South when had been station agent for three years at Cedar ploughing was done provided I taken care of the
Key for the Gulf Atlantic and the West Indies mule and mended him up." Perryman did not
Transit Company. This was the railroad from write the statement; but he dictated it and signed
Fernandina. He was short in his accounts. it. The actual writer's identity is unknown. The
James A. Mason, Jr., "was captain of the handwriting is not that of George S. Leavitt,
schooner Lucy M. which had hauled freight such as County Clerk at the time. lumber along the Gulf Coast. In Cedar Key,
Nettleton H. Payne, surviving partner of 1874:
Starkweather and Payne, sued Samuel C. Reddick "Whereas Mike Young says that he is lawfully
for nonpayment for 152,000 feet of pine lumber entitled to possession of a certain sugar mill and
which had been processed in the Sand Spit Mill. boiler now in the possession of one Allen Roberts
Edward J. Lutterloh sued the town of Cedar .. .Moses Keen was being sued by G. W.
Key. The town had plans to build a public market Hodge. Hodge was administrator for the estate of and jail too close to his building. Town councilmen Daniel A. Morgan. Wesley B. Hodge was a deputy of Cedar Key in 1873 were H. P. Lovering, J. G. sheriff, also constable and town marshall at Cedar Williams, Arthur Simmons, H. E. Stickney, and Key.
Max Blumenthal. B. R. Goff & Co. (Cedar Key) In the case of Leneer (a version of Lanier?) Vs
was sued by William H. Hale for default on a note. William Batty, Hodge deposed that he had
P. H. Davis brought a replevin suit against H. attached "certain rafts of cedar said to be the P. Perryman concerning a "certain mule". Davis property of Demry (probably Demory of Demere)
was acting as agent for J. M. Anmon, the apparent and Bro." in connection with unpaid costs of owner of the mule. From Perryman's plea cutting the cedar and rafting it to Cedar Key. In
statement: "Anmon delivered the mule to me, another entry the names, Barnett Demery and
himself, to make and gather a crop; no other Raymond Demery are mentioned. John G.
conditions were mentioned. When Collier come to Williams was Justice of the Peace in Cedar Key at get the mule to hall Davis' corn, I was hailing corn. this time.
7




Eugene Batty, as agent for William Batty, filed George A. Penny, the said plaintiff, in the just and an affidavit before J. M. Galphin, another J.P., true sum of $154 for services in boarding, saying that the "180 logs of cedar now on board examining and inspecting the steamships
the schooner M. D. Ireland is the property of Margaret and William P. Clyde, the property of
William Batty." said company, in or near the port of Cedar Key as
Parrish Jackson was indicted for manslaughter Port Inspector of said port during the period and
in the fatal shooting of Marie Glover. Witnesses existence of the quarantine, ordinance and were Jeff McQueen, Bailey Scott, and Dr. G. A. regulations established and put into operation by
Penny. Jackson was found not guilty. Thomas B. the mayor and aldermen of the town of Cedar Key
Faitoute was a J.P. at Cedar Key. acting as a Board of Health ..." Penny has sued
Samuel Bowers, charged with assault upon D. for his fees. His lawyers were E. W. Perry and E.
Rams (or Rains) was transferred to the Nassau M. Hampton.
County jail. John J. Philbrick brought suit against E. J. and
W. M. Shemwell, an action to recover possession
1875: of the Exchange Hotel in Cedar Key for failure to
Henry C. Ferris sued Thomas A. Britt and pay the rent. Defendants failed to show, so the
George Blum over some furniture. This was court assessed them for costs and found for the
probably in Cedar Key. Thomas A. Britt was also plaintiff.
sued for nonpayment of account by Max Abby H. Nutter and husband, George F.
Blumenthal, a Cedar Key merchant. Nutter, of Cedar Key brought suit against W. G.
Adelaide A. Keen and William W. Keen were O'Regan, Mattie Finlayson, Elizabeth N. Rogers
divorced and her maiden name restored, Maria and husband, Henry Rogers, and H. P. Jackson,
Adelaide Tresper. Sarah J. Keen and Thomas sheriff, for nonpayment of promissory notes. The
Keen were divorced. defendants had purchased the steamlaunch Little
Allen Osteen sued David Altman for "unduly Sallie from Albert E. Willard and John B. Croft.
detaining from him a said horse."
In 1875, Cedar Key's mayor was Francis E. 1877:
Hale; city aldermen were J. R. Wolf, A. B. Quin, J. N. Ford had a store at Rosewood. Goodman
Peter Hart, Morris Jordan, and James Harn. and Myers of Savannah, Georgia, sued W. H. Hale
Charles Webster brought suit against the town at of Cedar Key, delinquent account of wholesale this time. purchases.
Wesley H. Hodge, Cedar Key, killed Parrish George F. Nutter, agent for the steamer D. L.
Jackson with two pistol shots. This happened in Yulee, was being sued by W. B. McIlvaine for
Bettilini's store. The coroner's jury was W. H. $87.00. Verdict was for the plaintiff. This trial was
Batty, Frank Lems, H. Winter, G. Williams, J. in Cedar Key, and H. V. Snell was J.P. McIlvaine
Connier, 0. Bettilini, B. Scott, Call Floyd, J. G. W. had worked on the steamer as Master (Captain). Edwards, Andrew Williams, J. H. Griffin, and The jury awarded $30.75 to the plaintiff. The wreck
Henry Hall. Isaac G. Westervelt was coroner. of that old steamer is now lying in shallow water on
Hodge was moved to the Duval County jail for the Levy County side of the Suwannee River at the
safekeeping. downstream end of the stretch known as Long
Solomon B. Folks was J.P. at Black Dirt Reach. It was torn loose from its mooring at Salt
precinct. James W. Brown had been fatally shot Creek by the hurricane of 1896 and blown aground
and found. J. W. Robinson was constable. The at its present location.
coroner's jury was Stephen C. Barco, John C. Edwin Hamlin brought suit against the
Folks, Benjamin B. Davis, Samuel M. Niblack, steamboat David L. Yulee for his work aboard as
Jonas T. Driggers, Jesse Smith, J. J. Smith, engineer.
Haiston Johnson, S. C. Barco, and Ezekiel
Johnson. 1878:
J. R. Wolfe and C. B. Rogers were dealers in E. J. Lutterloh of Cedar Key, in a letter to
merchandise at Cedar Key as Wolfe and Rogers. County Judge, Col. W. H. Sebring in Bronson,
W. A. Jones lived at Atsena Otie in block 10, lot 1; mentions that "Col. Cottrell lives on the other side Miss Ellen Kelsey in block 7, lot 9; Max of the river" and requests Sebring to telegraph
Blumenthal owned lot 10, block 13, and lot 22, him.
block 1 on Way Key; Mrs. S. A. Jones owned lot 3, Also in Cedar Key during 1878, F. E. Hale was
block 7 in Cedar Key. D. L. Yulee still owned sec. a Notary Public. Frank R. Moody was selling his 19 in TS 11, R 15. interest in the steamer Little Sallie for $10.00.
Montholon Atkinson sued William Rogers. A man
1876: listed as Albritton Lewis could have been the same
"Whereas the said New Orleans, Florida and person as Britt Lewis. James Rawls was hung
Havanna Steamship Company was indebted to March 1st at 1:00 P.M. after being convicted of
8




first degree murder. Porter Jackson was sheriff, statements said to be made by me by one George and George F. Drew was governor. Williams that Mrs. Lizzie Stonemetz was a
were never uttered or made by me ..."
1879: In Cedar Key, Isaac Eppinger recorded a lien
In Cedar Key, Parsons and Hale had a contract on lots 4 and 5, block 2, in the town of Atsena Otie with George W. Moody concerning the steam on Depot Key, and on the steam sawmill known as
powered sawmill located at the Sand Spit; the land Nutter's Mill situated on said lots. was leased from the Florida Town Improvement Daniel S. Marsh and wife, Adriana, lived on 80
Co. acres between Bronson and Chunky Pond. They
Shatford C. Carson recorded a mechanic's lien had orange groves and vineyards.
on the steam powered sawmill at Rosewood owned Jonathan B. Thomas was J.P. at Sumner, held
by J. B. Dunn, successor to Dum, Oaks & court in the Sumner school house. In one case tried
Company. The Rosewood sawmill consisted of one there, Benjamin H. Holland Vs Benjamin H.
single mill, one five-flue steam boiler, the mill Holland, Sr., witnesses were Mrs. E. P. Holland building, lumber yard, one turning lathe. and H. C. Mattier (an altered version of the name,
"I, Enoch J. Geiger, of Levy County hereby Mattair). The jury found for the plaintiff.
file this notice that I shall claim the following Judge Farley was indicted for "keeping a
personal property as my homestead exemption certain house of ill fame." Witnesses were John R.
under the laws and constitution of the State of Mitchell and C. W. Webster. Florida: one gray horse, $75; one cart, $20; seven
head of hogs, $14; household and kitchen 1880:
equipment, $25." So, Florida did have some kind Willard Hall was charged with homicide. Peter
of homestead exemption back in 1879. Hansen's testimony: "I was attending meeting at
At Bronson, "Whereas a certain charge of the school house at Albion on Sunday, April 4,
malicious slander having been made against Mrs. 1880. I heard the ladies scream and upon looking Lizzie Stonemetz in the village of Albion by W. R. toward the door saw a shotgun. I did not see who Hall ... Now, I, W. R. Hall, the accused, retract had the gun. Instantly, I heard shooting upon the above charge of slander ... I know of nothing looking saw Mr. Kline stagger and fall. I opened whatever that can reflect upon the good name and the door and went out and saw Mr. Kline laying on character of Mrs. Lizzie Stonemetz ... that the the ground. I took the shotgun and fired it off and
/
Mr. Shug Faircloth, service manager for the Ford agency in Bronson about 1918.
9




leaned Mr. Kline against the house. I saw the gun, out for the arrest of Willard R. Hall which may be heard the report and saw the smoke. During related to the homicide affair. From the warrant:
cross-examination by the state: "I was the first .. "did say of this deponent in following malicious man at the door. The gun was laying out on the and untrue words, to wit: 'She is getting too big
ground. I was the first to take up the gun and fired around her apron string."' W. D. Finlayson was it off, shot off one barrell. The shotgun had a sheriff at this time.
copper cap on it. I was the first to go to the man In Cedar Key, H. W. Lutterloh contracted to
after the shooting. He was laying sideways by the build a brick house for N. Schlemmer, 35 feet church. When he was shot he rolled about. I set on deep, 25 feet front, and 25 feet high, two stories. the same seat in church with the defendant." F. M. McQueen was a JP at Cedar Key. Thomas E.
Testimony of Mrs. Christine Hansen in the Parsons and William H. Whitehead were in
above case: "I was present at a meeting Sunday business in Bronson as Parsons and Whitehead.
afternoon. Mr. Kerr was reading his sermon. I The Cedar Key Working Man's Association
heard Mrs. Gordon hollering very loud; she said was organized and their contributions recorded.
'Mr. Kerr, there is Mr. Klein with a shotgun.' I Members were: C. Aulston, George H. Baker, turned my face toward the door and saw Mr. Klein Daniel Bird, Abraham Brown, Barry Brown, standing aiming the gun right into the middle of Charley Brown, J. Burkhiem, Thomas M. Coburn, the house, saw the gun move toward the left. I Peter Dunn, J. G. W. Edwards, W. K. Flynn,
jumped off the bench, heard the report, saw the Douglas Kemp, Louis Kolb, J. R. Mitchell, J. B.
smoke, turned my face toward the wall expecting Moody, David Moore, C. M. Moseley, John F.
to be shot, heard some shots afterward, looked Murrell, A. Odum, W. S. Rogers, Thomas
around, saw* my husband Mr. Hansen going Starling, Erving Tillis, Guss Wall, George W.
toward the door, spoke to Mr. Kerr, asked him was Williams, and George M. Young. he shot, saw him sitting on the bench. I went and From their constitution: "Any member
opened the door, saw Mr. Frye, Mr. Hansen, and introducing in any manner the discussion of
Mr. Klein on the steps, heard another gunshot religion or politics shall be forthwith be expelled
before I opened the door." from the hail and his name dropped permanently
According to Mrs. Julliette Byles: "Mr. Kerr from the roll of members."
was reading his sermon ... saw a man standing on A warrant was issued from William E. Yearty's
the steps pointing a shotgun into the schoolhouse JP Court in Cedar Key for R. L. Holzendorf, ... I did not know about the quarrel at the time ... charged with assaulting one Jack Lastinger. just a second before the shotgun went off I was Witnesses were W. H. Lane, William Atcheson,
looking right down both barrels ... immediately Andrew Williams, Walter Williams, D. J.
afterwards I heard what sounded like two or three Hollister, James Gordon, James Hall, B. F. very fast pistol shots ... I then came out from Bennett, E. J. Bell, and Sip Witaker. The
under the bench to see who was killed and saw Holzendorfs were not recent immigrants as the
Willie Hall standing by the front seat with a pistol name might seem to indicate. They were living in in his hand and his arms by his sides ... Willie North Georgia in the 1700's. Hall did not move from where he was standing W. Norris sued the American Ice and Cold
until he started to go for the doctor." Storage Company (incorporated in Pennsylvania)
Dr. J. M. Jackson: -.."deceased died from for his pay for services as engineer at their
wounds." manufacturing plant in Cedar Key. The company
Alfred J. Townsend: .. "deceased was shot in had another name, The American Refrigerating the right thigh, left side of the stomach, also in the and Construction Company. Lutterloh and Davis right collar bone." were attorneys for the plaintiff. The suit was
Other witnesses were Francis E. Gordon, withdrawn, probably settled out of court.
William Gomm, Mrs. Mary Colson, Gilbert W. R. Medlin sued the Atlantic, Gulf and West
Lambert, Seigford Frei, Mary Goody, Mrs. Francis Indies Transit Company. They also sued him. E. Gordon. In Cedar Key, Charles W. Bradshaw gave a
The victim was Allen Kline (also spelled Klein). mortgage deed to Charles B. Rogers for lot 17, Apparently, he appeared in the church door and block 1, .."the said lot fronts on Second Street."
fired off one barrel of his shotgun without bitting 1881: anyone and then was shot down by pistol fire from In Cedar Key, E. J. Lutterloh was indicted for
Willard Hall who must have been a very fast practicing law without a license. Peter Lancaster,
gunfighter. These people were residents of the William Lancaster, and George Lancaster were
village of Albion which disappeared many years indicted for the murder of Edward L. Drummond.
ago. It was located on State Road 24 between Witnesses were J. A. Thomas, W. H. Thomas, Q.
Bronson and Archer about two miles inside the M. Bryan, Dr. E. 0. Paschal. During the course of
Levy County line. a fight, it seems that Drummond tumbled down a
In an earlier case that same year, a warrant was flight of stairs.
10




The old jail and courthouse in Bronson about 1925.
Frank W. Thomas was charged with the must have had unusually lenient laws of
murder of Robert Towns "by shooting him in the incorporation. Benton and Upson sold machinery
neck with a pistol in front of a barroom kept by and mill supplies and were probably located in
Jack Lastinger in the Streets of Cedar Key." Jacksonville.
Witnesses were Lawrence Finnegan, Giles Walls, A man presenting a written declaration would
B. A. Anderson, William McDonald, J. G. Ford, refer to himself as "your orator", a *woman as
and J. J. Hall. yourr oratrix."
Some of the doctors in Cedar Key at that time "Your oratrix, Dora Johnson, wife of Adam
were A. F. Woodward, J. H. Roberts, and Charles Johnson of said county, humbly complaining unto
E. Owens. They examined the victim and said that your honor that she is the owner of a certain
he would die from the wound. separate estate, and that she is now and has been
Some names listed as being residents of for some time past, conducting and carrying on an
Rosewood in 1881 were C. M. Jacobs, S. J. Lane, oyster business in the town of Cedar Key,
Adam Dees, E. B. Dibble. In Cedar Key, H. W. Florida." She was applying for a court order
Ludicke built a house on lot 5, block 34. Green declaring her to be a free agent, apparently a
Stephens and his daughter lived in a house on the necessary prerequisite for a woman to manage Goose Cove beach. D. H. Sutton held a lien against her own business. the steamer Erie. J. H. Gary ran a general Robert Jones intended to "shoot one Albert
merchandise store in Bronson. He gave Richardson with a double barreled shotgun."
power-of-attorney to his lawyer, William J. Jones, Witnesses were Phillip Burns and J. A. Wood. In also of Bronson. Cedar Key G. A. Fairchild was proprietor of the
Fenimore Mill.
1882: R. A. Patterson and Company of Richmond,
Sarah M. Colvin lived in Bronson. In Cedar Virginia, sent a tobacco shipment to Chafer and
Key, W. H. Anderson, JP, issued witness Darby at Cedar Key via the Old Dominion
summonses for T. P. Tillis and D. K. Kinsey in the Steamship Company. The shipment was via New case of State Vs A. K. Lawrence, aggravated York and included an item listed as Sailors Choice.
assault. Papers were served by Larry Finnegan. Henry and Malinda Touchstone were divorced.
Lawrence had shot at T. A. Darby with a pistol and She was a Meeks. They had been married in missed. Thomas J. Yearty sued G. W. King of Lafayette County.
Cedar Key.
1884:
1883: On March 27, 1884 ... "Mr. John Sache, a
The Albion Phosphate Company was subject of the Republic of France, an alien,
incorporated in the state of West Virginia. Benton personally appeared in open court" His and Upson sued the Karlinah Phosphate Company, petition for citizenship was approved.
also incorporated in West Virginia. West Virginia
11




Fletcher J. McQueen and C. J. Bradshaw 1885:
dissolved their business partnership of Bradshaw Master of the steamer Bertha Lee was B. F.
and McQueen, October 11, 1884, Cedar Key. Some Hall, Jr.; one of the owners was E. S. Douglass.
of their business accounts were W. D. Finlayson, They were being sued by Greenlief Andrews. W. H. Zewadski, the Company of Cottrell, David Graham, Jr., was charged with intent to kill
Finlayson and Scott, David Paul, F. Cottrell, G. S. one Michael Hughes with a pistol. John L. Scott, W. S. Rogers, E. A. Willard, F. A. Wolfe, Coleman, C. B. Hall, and R. E. Edwards lived at Dennis Winn, James S. Cottrell, J. H. Dees, W. C. Rosewood. They were witnesses in an adultry trial. Benson, and E. L. Cottrell. J. 0. Andrews and Company were in business in
The schooner Black Hawk operated out of Cedar Key.
Cedar Key. The schooner Victor would land at "Mr. Henry Garner, a subject of the Kingdom
Cedar Key. Crewman, Thomas Moss, attempted to of Great Britain, an alien, personally appeared in
desert, the JP Court ordered him back. open court" ... His petition for citizenship was
approved. Anton Blitsch sued the owners of the ........sloop Alexander for materials and labor. The vessel had been left unattended; owner Alexander
Morriseau announced he was leaving for New
1886:
. .... .... .... ...The appeal of H. B. Coulter, appellant, Vs the
. ~ .'town of Bronson, appellee, was dismissed on motion of the appellee. The case of G. Andrews Vs 0 'i Steamer Bertha Lee (attachment) was dismissed
for want of jurisdiction. In Bronson, Rosa was found guilty of "keeping a house of ill fame." She got three months in jail.
H. E. Marshall, being duly sworn "deposeth \ ~\ .. .and saith: I do not know Edmund Moore, never saw him before tonight, after he was dead. I heard a pistol shot and ran toward the shooting. I saw the .... .deceased Edmund Moore lying on the wharf in front of Fred Emerson's oyster house, and one .~:.Mitchell Johnson standing over him. Johnson said to someone, 'This here damned boy has shot hisself and we had better go for a doctor.' Then he and Adson Hall walked off."
Mitchell Johnson: ... "the deceased came to
~ Adson Hall. The pistol with which the shooting was
~ done belonged to me. The deceased drew an oyster
'. "~ ~knife on Adson Hall and Hall shot the deceased
with the 38 caliber self-cocker killing him ... instantly. "
. .~. .. ~..Addison Hall: .'just as the deceased
~ .......reached the door walking backwards, Mitchell ~ ~ ~. .Johnson fired the pistol once and the deceased fell. Johnson picked the deceased up and carried him
S~ \.~ '~into the oyster house and says, 'Let's throw him overboard,' but I disagreed. In the meantime, Mitchell offered me fifteen dollars not to tell that he did the killing."
Johnson was found guilty of third degree \.~ >. \' \murder and sentenced to one year in the
penitentiary. James Lisen was the JP. Robert Kilpatrick was found guilty of hog theft and got the same sentence as did Mitchell Johnson, probably Ben Friedman was Levy County Judge longer not in the same court.
than anyone else has been. This picture is from J. M. Jackson was certified to practice
an old tin type. medicine April 10, 1886, by R. Y. H. Thomas, M.
12




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13




D., W. A. Shands, M. D., and James M. Jackson, 1889:
M. D. The Jacksons were father and son and "... came one David Dupree who ... says ...
practiced in Bronson. After the population that one Charles Rawls did enter the boat of said
shrinkage following the 1896 freeze that deponent lying at a wharf in Cedar Key and did
permanently wiped out the citrus industry around steal ... the sail of said boat, mast, and one pair of Bronson, the younger Dr. Jackson moved to the oil skin pants." R. Y. H. Thomas was JP.
village of Miami, Florida, (population less than One Squire Squire otherwise known as
500) and was Miami's first physician. Today's Anderson Squire was sentenced to six months in
Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami is named the penitentiary for breaking and entering a house
after him. As an aside, the Shands State Teaching in the daytime. W. H. Bigham plead guilty to a Hospital is named after the late Senator Bill concealed weapon charge filed before he became
Shands who grew up in Bronson. His childhood sheriff, was fined $100, later reduced to $25.
home is still standing and is now known as the Alexander Hardee got twelve months in jail
Wellman place. following a conviction of riot. Manuel Hall, Frank
Willis R. Medlin married Ellender Nobles, 18 Burns, William Jackson, and Mack Hogan got six
July 1863, in Levy County. months in the same case.
John Chapman, age 12, was indentured by his 0. Bettiini of Cedar Key was charged with
mother, Jane James of Gulf Hammock, to work as illegal sale of intoxicating liquors, to wit, whiskey.
a servant for Emma Wingate, wife of C. B. The county had voted dry in September, 1899. Dr.
Wingate, until John reached 21. G. Dottore Pietro Monti signed an affidavit to the
effect that Bettilini was sick and unable to move.
1887: E. J. McCall and J. L. Cottrell were witnesses.
"John Ricks, being duly sworn, deposeth and Bettilini's attorneys, Lutterloh and Davis,
says: 'I was home on Wednesday morning and was presented a plea in abatement to the effect that the
gone from home all day after breakfast. I was at indicting grand jury was unlawfully constituted the school house. We were building about one mile because John B. Epperson was on the jury list and southwest of Sand Pond. The schoolhouse is about as postmaster at Williston was a United States two miles from where Mr. Medlin was killed. I got Official. Outcome of the case is not known except home a little after dark that day. I found Mr. for a notation written by Sheriff W. H. Bigham and
Nobles and Mr. Flemming at my house. They told Deputy H. S. Sutton to the effect that they were
me they had took dinner at Sand Pond and were unable to process the capias on Bettilini, ... "the
there two or three hours. I do not know what time within named is not to be found in Levy County this Mr. Nobles and Mr. Flemming got to my house. I April 20, 1891." Mr. Bettilini apparently
did not see anyone near the school house that day improved, became able to move, and took off. except the men who were at work with me, Mr. Charlotte E. and Charles E. Galloway of Shelby
Wren, Mr. Chester, and Mr. Jenkins. One of County, Tennessee, conveyed power of attorney to
them, Mr. Jenkins, I think, made some remark William Gomm to manage their property at
about hearing a gunshot. I often hear gunfire out in Bronson and specifically to eject one Benjamin R. the woods."' Scudder. Newton Lummus was charged with
In Cedar Key, the case of Charles F. Wall and carrying a concealed weapon. Witnesses were James E. Lipscomb as administrators for the estate Oscar Jackson and John Parker. W. H. Bigham, of W. W. Wall Vs the steamship Emily was sheriff, deposed that Frank Ferstnow aided and
dismissed. Charles A. Hansen, subject of the abetted the escape of a prisoner, L. C. Duer, while
Kingdom of Sweden and Norway was admitted as a in his custody as guard.
United States citizen. F. A. Wolfe and Company of
Cedar Key sued the American Lead Pencil 1890:
Company. Arch Wilson and Perry Luster "interrupted and
disturbed the worship of God by fighting at the
1888: church door." Witnesses were S. D. Houston, Lew
Louise Hill lived at Ellzey. She was 45 that year Demere, Richard Harris, and William Hall. Ellen and was a witness in the divorce case of Laura M. Lindsey was postmaster at Bronson. Gustaf
Field Vs Ephriam Field. Shelton Phillips became Hansen, subject of the Kingdom of Sweden and
Levy County Superintendent of Education and Norway was admitted to citizenship.
served in that capacity until 1908. He had taught J. W. Turner of Winston, N. C., got a hold
three years in Levy County. He was state director order issued against Thomas J. Yearty on some of vocational agriculture 1919-1923 and later merchandise: 14 barrels of Hobby Flour; one
became a legislator. He married Ida Helvenston, barrel of Rogers Best Flour; one barrel of Dictator
daughter of Simeon Helvenston. She died in 1955 Flour, one barrel of Pearl Grits; one barrel of
at Gainesville. Scotch Snuff.
14




Unidentified resident of Cedar Key about 1910. Fence in background was the property of Will DeLaino who wrote an eyewitness account of the 1896 hurricane and tidal wave.
15




W. J. Epperson sued M. F. Bean, default on 1892:
promissory note, $116.40. C. B. Rogers and Company got an injunction
0. Bettilini and business partner, Thomas W. restraining Ivey Brothers and Company from
Davis, of Cedar Key brought suit against the Levy selling the Fennimore Mill in Cedar Key, said County Commission regarding denial of their property being bounded on the west by the main
request for a permit to sell spiritous liquors. They track of the Florida Central and Peninsular had duly advertised their intent to apply in the Railroad and on all other sides by the Gulf of Cedar Key Commercial. Mexico. Business partner of C. B. Rogers was E.
Lula C. Yearty applied for license as a free A. Champlain. Fennimore's Mill was owned at that
dealer. time by Charles A. Fairchild.
William Higginbotham was sentenced to life
1891: for murder. Taylor's Spur was near Albion.
Jim Beauchamp was indicted for having a
weapon concealed on or about his person. Norvelle 1893: R. Carter was foreman of the grand jury. Tom Beck George Wrey of England formed a company
and Hiram Starling were state witnesses. with L. Q. Kermode, J. H. Jakobie, and Charles H.
Nero Johnson was charged with attempting to Hollingsworth known as the Gulf Hammock
sell fradulently some cypress cross ties near Tobacco Company. The Tyndall Mine was owned
Little's Mill, Sumner, to one C. M. Jacobs. Jacobs by the Phosphate Development and Finance Co., built the Cannon house at Rosewood. LTD of London, England.
J. F. Meredith was a phosphate miner in the In Bronson, the Levy County High School and
county. D. G. Ambler, promoter and general Improvement Company was organized by W. J.
business operator during this time, was from Epperson, P. M. Colson, J. M. Jackson, Jr., J. E.
Jacksonville. Lummus, and 0. J. Farmer.
I~k
.... ... ...
The Eagle Pencil factory in Cedar Key, 1870's. The design of their little office building was widely
noted.
16




Benjamin Friedman and Mary E. Friedman Judson from G. H. Schofield, witnessed by J. R.
were divorced. This might be the same Ben Beauchamp and W. J. Epperson.
Friedman who was county judge longer than On June 2, 1897, the town of Williston was
anyone else has been and who legend says was a incorporated. The first election of town officials
bachelor. was held July 6, 1897. Those elected were: Mayor
W. M. Barton; Councilmen J. Harvey, J. P.
1894: Reddick, D. E. Williams, J. B. Epperson, J. M.
James L. Townsend et al sued for injunction to Willis; Clerk, J. N. Malphurs; Treasurer, F. F. prohibit James V. Burke and Mont Brooks from Reddick; Tax Assessor and Collector, P. N. King;
digging up the soil for the purpose of mining in a Marshall, no one elected. parcel of section 10, TS 13, R 18E. That parcel is Allen S. Osteen was appointed guardian for southwest of Orange Hill Cemetery, near Precious Adeline Hurst and Ferraby Ann Hurst,
Williston. minors.
Polidone Jones was indicted for breaking and
entering the house of one Polly Allen. Witnesses 1898: were Lee Allen and Joe Reddish. The Gulf Fred Cubberly applied for a license to practice
Hammock Orange and Vegetable Company was law. Lou Becca Pinnell applied for, a license to
organized by L. Q. Kermode, Phillip Burns, C. B. practice law. She was the first woman admitted to Wingate, George Wrey, J. H. Jakobie, and A. S. the Florida Bar Association. A native of Bronson,
Anderson. J. C. Wright lived in Bronson. In Cedar she lived past 90 and died in a Jacksonville Key, James W. Smith and Eberhard Faber Nursing Home about 1974.
defaulted on payment for.six carloads of cedar.
1899:
1895: In Morriston, J. W. Walston bought out S. W.
The Eagle Pencil Company in Cedar Key was a Petteway's mercantile business.
New York Corporation.
In Bronson, there was an agreement between 1900:
James M. Stewart and Epperson, Lummens, and The Cedar Key Lumber Company was owned
Company that Stewart was to build a grist mill to by J. C. Kirkpatrick, S. Z. Ruff, and J. A. accommodate the local demand for meal and grits Haltiwanger. at said mill. The Merchantile Company agreed not
to stock foreign meal and grits. 1903:
Mr. William Gomm had a store at Albion; so H. Studstill and Lula C. Yearty were in
did R. G. Coarsey. Gomm's store was east of business as H. Studstill and Company. They sued
Coarsey's store which faced south. The Albion the Peninsula Phosphate Company. J. A. Philman
Post Office was in Coarsey's store. R. G. Coarsey's and Leonard Smallwood were charged with armed brother, Wiley Coarsey, also lived at Albion. On robbery. They held up Jack Robinson, Sam Brown, May 4, 1895, Silas Goldwire was in Mr. Coarsey's William Thomas, and Lee Curry with shotguns, got store sitting on the counter eating oysters. Allen money and commissary checks. Brown shot Lige Butts. As a witness, Goldwire
drew a diagram of Coarsey's store in the sawdust 1906: on the courtroom floor. Another witness, Alex The Bank of Williston was chartered by J. B.
McIntyre, lived at Gulf Hammock. Epperson, R. D. Medlin, W. M. Barton, J. N.
A man named Miller also had a store at Albion. Willis, and H. DeLand, capital of $15,000. There Wade, Florida, was on the other side of Newberry was also a Citizens Bank of Williston but no further from Albion. A warrant was issued for Frank data on it is available at this time.
Lathinghouse, ... "perjury during inquest over
one kid Jack ..." 1908:
The town of Bronson was incorporated again.
1896: Its first incorporation seems to have been around
Isham Stephens resided on a part of the old 1883 but this has not been documented. E. A.
Medlin place in Gulf Hammock near Ellzey. T. W. Pinnell was the first mayor under the new Shands got a ten year license to operate a ferry incorporation. Aldermen were R. D. Proctor, S. L. business at Fort Fannin across the Suwannee Bean, G. A. Boyd, C. A. Lindsey, John R. Willis.
River. Hershel V. Coarsey and wife, Cora E., had a B. L. Jones was elected marshal, and W. P. Pinnell store in Bronson. was clerk. Some of the electors were: C. D. Colson,
W. R. Coulter, W. J. Epperson, Bud Faircloth,
1897: Fletcher Faircloth, J. W. Faircloth, W. B.
W. W. Colson bought a merchantile business at Faircloth, W. B. Fletcher, Ben Friedman, 0. J.
17




KEY ii
GREEN TURTLE ALL SEASONS..
j~-7
ri~~ BOUGHT OFA.BT EL I,
1)1-IElI A, ',H HII'JIf--: 'FISH,_GYSTE, AND FRI;IT.
a. R wo.~u.0.9'ZC~OC. 8. ROGERS.
Qfedaij jer, Ia.,_ ..... 187S




Farmer, A. P. Hardee, J. F. Jackson, 0. F. Laney, Thomas, W. H. Anderson, Jr. E. A. Pinnell, J. M. Overstreet, R. C. Ricks, W. A. So many citizens did not know how to read and Smith, Q. D. Thornton, E. Walker, W. H. wite that the clerks and scribes grew so
Whitehead, W. B. Whitten, F. W. Wilkerson. accustomed to signatures being made with an X
that they even had some of the literate citizens to 1912: sign with an X. The signature designated with "his
The Cedar Key State Bank was chartered by W. (X) Mark" does not necessarily mean that the R. Hodges, A. P. Schlemmer, D. Y. Read, W. C. deponent could not sign his or her name.
Bryce, H. E. Charpia, Monroe Venable, W. R.
V
fTh old comsayi te 4reJh% .Hdsno et te a ndniid
'9 0f 0 00*
As e tatda hscatrsbginnwaeoitdth9fnypnycssad nawy hti ob
rerte.Sm' fte r xrcaigyfnyadohrsaemrl odd oeeacranpoiiu ii
mustbe bsevedin apubicaionsuchas hisone
In ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 th reodn fdpstosi ietwrso h insetegte agaehscagdvr itei
hundre yers Pehp that- iniae thtpol h4s utrlnug rentvr mgntv o noaie
.~S E.1 GUNNELL
91










UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 3 1262 09770 9918




Full Text

PAGE 1

A History of Levy County, Florida & & & Chapter Six & & & Published By The Levy County Archives Committee Sponsored by the Levy County Board of Commissioners Bronson, Florida A Bicentennial Publication

PAGE 2

Copyright 1977 Levy County Archives Committee

PAGE 3

FROM THE OLD DOCUMENTS BY S. E. GUNNELL Over the years since its beginning in 1845, Levy County has been the scene of shouting matches* legal dust storms, shootouts, and various forms of what is known in the common vernacular as hanky-panky. This presentation is in no way intended to be a derogatory commentary since old Levy County was probably no different in this respect from other frontier counties in this state and other states. A few of the old court cases will be referred to and the outcome of most of those is not recorded. Since our interest is historical rather than puerile, we are not publishing the hanky-panky. Some passages are included to show aspects of the dialects spoken at the time. Others may reveal some structures of the old social order that seem quaint to us today, but this should be viewed in the perspective that our own social order would appear extremely strange to those old timers if they could have looked ahead into time at us as we are looking back in time at them. Some of the old pioneers left their places of origin at high speed with angry persons chasing them. Others were fugitives from justice, some were misfits, adventurers, restless spirits whose destiny was to always move on to see where the next trail would go. Some others left north Georgia, Virginia and the Carolinas simply because the family homestead had run out of land to support the ever growing clan. The younger ones had to move on. Some of them left with their families and never saw the older ones again. Those early settlers were a curious mixture of the bizarre, the comical, the sad, and the tragic elements of life. The one recurring characteristic among them is that they were tough, hard, they survived, and only they could have powered their way through that harsh, cruel wilderness life and started a civilization. Now, no frontiers are left, all the trails have ended, the last campfire is dead and cold and there is nowhere left for the restless ones to go.

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1842: In Wilkinson County, Mississippi, a judgment was issued against Peter A. Prester. Prester had migrated to the area which was to become Levy County, Florida. 1848: David A. Morgan lived in Levy County at a place known as Alligator. 1852: Elijah Hunter was charged with “pummeling one William Stephens.” Witnesses were William J. Hart, Isaac Highsmith, Sebastian Tomlinson, and Enoch Daniels. Personal property from the estate of John Sonce, Levyville blacksmith, was sold by James E. Thompson, administrator. 1853: ‘‘One Hastings Johnson, on March 1, 1853, in the county aforesaid, one bull calf the property of one Gasper Seastrunk feloniously did steal, take, and carry away, to the evil example of the good people of Florida and against the dignity of the same.” Isaac Highsmith was indicted for assault and battery upon the person of Robert Waterson. William J. Hart was charged with assault and battery upon the person of one Enoch Daniels. Nathaniel and James Turner were indicted for ‘‘keeping store open on a Sabbath.” Witnesses were William J. Hart and Moses Cason. Foreman of the grand jury was James B. Thompson. 1854: In the case of State Vs James F. Thompson, charged with employing servants on the Sabbath, the defense asked that the jury be instructed to find the defendant not guilty if the servants did a ‘‘work of necessity.” The court refused, but gave instructions for a not guilty verdict if the work was done because of “some extraordinary operation of nature such as produced by a storm or fire or an inroad of the sea and not from common and usual operations such as are produced by heat or cold.” Walter C. Tresper was indicted for assault upon the person of William L. Moore. Witnesses were Dexter Simpson and James M. Janney. 1855: Andrew J. Collins was sued by Thomas C. Love. 1857: In spite of the testimony of witnesses, John Wester and Edward Hogan, one Alexander Clarke was found not guilty of setting an evil example to the good people by carrying arms secretly. 1858: Elias Turner was clerk. Horatio Thompson sued the Suwannee Lumber Company owned by Robert H. McUvaine of Florida, Isaac Brown of Maryland, and Zephemiah Britt of North Carolina. The lumber company was on lot 4, block 2, Atsena Otie. Zep Britt lived in Lincoln County, North Carolina. Zep got the mill property in the lawsuit. Edmund Kelsey sued the town of Atsena Otie which had been incorporated that same year in July. The town had a president, Augustus Steele. Trustees were Simeon A. Edwards, James S. F. Cottrell, Robert H. McUvaine, William G. Figman, and James Tucker. Kelsey said some of the citizens of the town began a move toward incorporation under the pretext of suppressing vice and immorality, and of protecting the life and property of the citizens which it was pretended could be done at modest expense to the citizens. He further stated that the procedure used in obtaining the charter of incorporation was illegal. The town had levied a small municipal tax and built two plank sidewalks. One of the sidewalks ran “from near the wharf to the church, being the only church in town.” Beyond that, the church in Atsena Otie in 1858 is not identified. Kelsey objected to paying the tax. The judge, Thomas J. King, issued an injunction against the town. Kelsey was required to post bond in the amount of $1,000. He declined to do so and the injunction was dissolved. As far as is now known, this was the first incorporation of a town at Atsena Otie (Cedar Key) and the first in Levy County. The municipal government may have ceased to function during the confusion of the Civil War. Possibly, the sole surviving trace of it anywhere is this old court case in the Archives in Bronson. James S. Turner was indicted for assault on Edmund D. Hogan. In Cedar Key, Samuel W. Johnson was indicted for assault on John Marion. From the deposition of R. H. Mdlvaine: “... diffused peritoneal inflamation and his life is in great peril.” From the deposition of J. W. Tooke: “Myself and the defendant were in company together about 12 o’clock when Mr. Marion came along, said, ‘What are you doing here, you ?’ I then said ‘Gentlemen, let us not have difficulty,’ and I left. Do not know what happened after that.” William A. F. Jones was JP (Justice of the Peace). Johnson had shot Marion twice. 1859: Edward Remington sued William Yearty, 2

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default on a note. Suwannee Lumber Company was sued by William B. Ross. “You are hereby required to summon one James Hearn to appear before me at Cedar Key on May 11, 1859, to testify and the truth to speak in regard to the murder of Simon Douglass and George Douglass and herein fail not.” -Franklin Jordan, JP and acting Coroner. G. P. Thomas sued John Marcum. 1860: John Tyre charged George E. Colson with trespass. William Hastie, Philo C. Calhoun, Rowland B. Lacey, partners doing business as Hastie, Calhoun & Co., sued William C. H. Rainey and Tillman Ingram, default on a promissory note. Zephaniah Butts and John W. Benton were indicted for practicing medicine without a license. Witnesses were E. M. Graham and Simeon Edwards. W. M. Rodgers was city marshall at Atsena Otie. In the case of William Majors, alias Jack Scott, charged with breaking and entering the house of Captain James Tucker, witnesses were E. M. Graham, Camilla Tucker, William Roberts, Reidester Bryant, Stephen Grant, and Daniel Steward. J. F. Cottrell was mayor at Atsena Otie. 1861: Joseph R. Beltow, JP, was indicted for malpractice of justice. 1862: The Civil War was going on and nothing was recorded that survives. 1863: Solomon Rouse was indicted for the murder of James Mangin. Nicholas S. Cobb was charged with assault upon one James McGhee. Nicholas Cobb was indicted for challenging William R. Coulter to fight a duel. James S. Turner was indicted for putting his brand on “the said calf of one Julia Prevatt.” 1864: Joseph Phelps sued James S. Turner for $50,000 as compensation for damages, the plaintiff being represented as “a good, true, honest, just, and faithful citizen of said county and state” (words of his attorney). The defendant was charged with “speaking and publishing several false, scandalous, malicious, and defamatory words, also lying and committing perjury.” It seems that a certain hog had been killed on the premises of the defendant, which hog was claimed by one Stephen Johnson as being the property of his minor son. Phelps had already been tried for “larceny of said hog” and found not guilty, and this suit for damages followed. 1865: The case of Nicholas S. Cobb Vs James S. Turner was concerned with the settlement of a partnership retail mercantile business at Levyville. Cobb had previously organized a company of infantry for the Confederates and was addressed as “Captain Cobb.” From Thomas Starling’s testimony, the firm of Turner & Cobb was in business during 1860-1861. Starling had worked for the firm for four months as clerk and bookkeeper. The merchandise markup was from 50-100%. John F. Jackson testified that he had been a merchant for twelve years and was of the opinion that the firm of Cobb & Turner had lost money. Thomas F. Prevatt, sheriff, acted as Master-in-Chancery to examine the firm’s books. According to Turner’s testimony, he started in business with Cobb on March 12, 1860. He stated that Cobb was worth $268 at that time. The first purchase for over $4,000. During the two years, they sold about $20,000 at retail, one-tenth of this as cash sales and the rest on credit. When Cobb left the inventory was down to $800 cash, $1755 in bank notes and Confederate money, $232 in gold, and $100 in railroad money. Asked about the partnership contract, Turner said, “I were to furnish the means and Captain Cobb were to do the service, and 1 were to have 8% on money invested and we were to divide the profits.” When asked how much was lost by Cobb neglecting to collect for goods sold to his infantry company for which he was personally responsible, Turner replied, “$6,800.” In his testimony, Nicholas Cobb stated that the average markup was 50% and that he was due $15,975 from the firm at the time he left for CSA military service. Cobb had a memorandum of his claims prepared by Col. W. R. Coulter, said the store’s stock was worth $2,000 when he left. When asked about the amounts of money he owed Milton Smith and James E. Broome at the time he entered the partnership, he answered, “The books will show as regards to Broome; I don’t recollect as regards Smith.” From the testimony of Daniel J. Davis: Question: “Were you in Captain Cobb’s Com pany?” Answer: “I were.” Question: “Did Captain Cobb sell goods on his own responsibility?” Answer: “He sold goods to the men, me for one, and they was to pay him when they col

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lected their money. A portion was sold that there was no account of, a big fine saddle and a overcoat and a great many other things. Mr. Turner made a fuss and went out to the company and rared. How Mr. Turner and Capt. Cobb settled it 1 do not know.” William Gause testified that he had heard Turner say that Cobb was worth about $8,000. The outcome of this case is not recorded. Also in 1865, James S. Turner was indicted for fatally shooting Joseph B. Haskew, “said gun being loaded with buckshot.” 1866: A warrant was issued for Moses Hall, freedman, for assault on one State Right Dixon. Louis Appel, constable, had a warrant to arrest Wiley Holensback for the murder of Anderson Philpot. Henry Honor was charged with breaking and entering the dwelling of John Chesser and stealing a dress coat. “Whereas Sarah J. Allen has this day made affidavit before George S. Leavitt, clerk of Circuit Court, that one Joseph W. Allen on the 22nd day of September at night A. D. 1866, an assault with attempt to kill did make with one pistol and did shoot at the said Sarah J. Allen and swore that he would kill her and did further with a knife attempt to cut the said Sarah J. Allen’s throat ...” “We the jury find the prisoner, Joseph W. Allen, guilty; fine, one dollar and costs of court, so say we all.” Signed, William L. Moore, foreman. James S. Turner, Mary A. Tresper, and Sol Osteen were witnesses in the case of State Vs E. J. Lutterloh. “...one Edward J. Lutterloh, soldier, in 1864 with force and arms, one bag of silver coins to the value of $115, cotton bagging to the value of $10, one safe to the value of $10, of the goods and chattels of one John Waterson and Mary A. Tresper feloniously did steal.” George S. Leavitt sued Jane R. Leavitt for divorce. Nathaniel Jameison, physician, was charged with “keeping shop open on the Sabbath Day.” Florida Town Improvement Company sued N. B. Hill and J. F. Mitchell for default on promissory notes given to James T. Soutter and John McRae as trustees of the Florida Railroad Company. Robert Isaac, colored, was indicted for “betting at cards, did play and bet at a game of cards, to wit, the game of Seven-up, with one Lewellyn J. Hogans.” Westberry Hodge was charged with beating on Andrew J. Clyatt. Clyatt had challenged Hodge about telling around town that Clyatt had stolen a hog from him. Witnesses were B. F. Heath, Otto Yarimbo, Simeon Edwards, Seth Stevens, James McQueen, James F. Thompson, Mrs. A. Odum, Dr. T. H. Signore. This probably occurred in Cedar Key. 1867: Andrew E. Hodges was tried for the murder of Benjamin Leak. David Wilkinson charged that “one Frank Wilkinson on or about August 1, 1867, did feloniously steal, take and carry away one black sow with a streak on her face and did alter the mark of said sow and put it in a pen.” Green Chaires, administrator for the estate of William G. Burgess, sued Louis C. Arlidge of Cedar Key. From a declaration by David Higginbotham who was being sued by Teasdale and Reid: “I have paid Teasdale and Reid every dollar I ever owed them and more, and I never owed them $700 in my life. I never bought any boots, I do not recollect buying any rice. I do not keep accounts, being an unlettered man. When we came to a settlement one time they said I owed $272.1 offered them the money but they wanted the cotton instead. I told Reid I would deliver the hides at Grey’s Wharf according to contract.” Question: “Would you believe Teasdale and Reid on their oath?” Answer: “I would in some cases.” Also in 1867, “Whereas Robert Watterson says he is lawfully entitled to the possession of a certain sugar boiler with a piece broke out of one side, and Arthur J. Hodge unlawfully detains said boiler 1868: The Cedar Key Hotel Company, offices at Femandina, was incorporated by David L. Yulee, John Hodges, D. E. Maxwell, E. J. Lutterloh, and C. Wickliffe. Odell Johnson was summoned as a witness in JP Court of Franklin Jordan in Cedar Key, the case being State Vs James M. Farmer. 1869: Henry Lewis was indicted for hitting Joseph Loggin over the head with a fence rail. If an assault victim was knocked unconscious for a specified length of time, the legal types said he was “killed” for that length of time. In Cedar Key, Franklin Jordan, JP, issued a witness subpoena for Joseph Yearty in the murder of Simon Douglass and George Douglass. One William Nelson was shot in the jaw with a pistol by E. D. Hogans in James S. Turner’s store at Levyviile. Witnesses were David Cannon, J. J. Bradford, John F. Fleming, and N. Carter. “W. J. Jones, being duly sworn, says that J. J. Bradford has in his possession a certain sorrell horse about ten years old, blind in both eyes, to 4

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which the said W. J. Jones is lawfully entitled.” Warrants were issued for Caesar Hearn and William Rawls, both Negro, charged with inciting a riot, “...that one James M. Hudson fired a pistol at him three times with the intent to kill him, thus said Davy Hall ...” 1870 : James Tucker, as agent for Charles Tift of Monroe County, brought suit against the steamer Argo of Cedar Key, nonpayment of $269.94 in supplies. A. E. Hodge sued J. Rickendorfer of New York for a default in payment for cedar timber. George Leavitt was still clerk. 1871 : Barnes & Co. of Cedar Key was being sued by a wholesale grocery company in New York. In a deposition, David L. McGowan and Leroy Wood stated that Montgomery S. Clyatt assaulted and killed Hagin R. Cason with a “certain ax helve.” Helve is from an old Anglo-Saxon word for handle. Due to the ambiguous way the word “kill” was used in those days, it is not clear whether Cason was knocked unconscious or actually killed. S. C. Barnes, Jack Condell, Abbie Condell, and J. A. Starkweather were all partners in the firm of Barnes & Co. They built the steamer J. J. Philbrick of Cedar Key. 1872 : “Personally appeared before me, George Leavitt, Clerk, Mrs. Maria E. Jackson who being duly sworn deposes and says that on the night of February 10, 1872, that one Edward Smith did open the door of her kitchen and did feloniously steal, take and carry away one stone spider carving knife, one water bucket, two table dishes, one tin pan, one tin bucket, to the value of eight dollars.” The Downie Mill in Cedar Key was owned by M. W. Downie. Also in Cedar Key, A. E. Willard, L. F. Roux, and George A. Hudson were in business as Willard Roux and Company. They advertised as dealers in fish, oysters, red cedar, sponges, pine lumber, white oak, live oak, and general merchandise. Also in 1872, M. W. Downie was sued by W. H. Hubbard and Co. The signature of the clerk of Cedar Key’s police court looks like H. V. Truitt. He wrote an account of Robert Johnson’s appeal to County Court of Johnson’s conviction of “using slanderous and abusive language, also for fighting and disturbing the peace.” Witnesses were A. E. Willis, Joshua White, L. P. Wiseford. The deciphering of these names is uncertain. During the latter half of the 1800’s the sponge business thrived in the Cedar Key area, where these vessels are anchored. The spongers lowered glass-bottomed buckets to locate the sponges which were then snared by a hook on the end of a long pole. Naturally the boats were called Hookers. The sponge industry at Cedar Key existed before diving apparatus was invented and probably before any such activity began at Tarpon Springs. 5

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tetora ffcrost, (Mat tfifgs. DISTRICT OF ST. MARK’S, *S>K~ V,1W % : 'Agents’ Monthly Balance Sheet, Station,. 187 '-Sit; &f : :^iiiimiiniiiiiiiiiirannn: WHOLESALE &. RETAIL DEALERS IN GE^EHAL 3BE1S £ HAXMSE \§>s %  iVv^iift £ to u-'il-'>.~v 6

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Montbrook School, Clifford Wyner and Bertha Wellman, teachers. 1873 : A. E. Willard was Mayor of Cedar Key. Edwin F. O’Neil had a general merchandise store there. A freight list for the Schooner Lucy M. is recorded. The Florida Town Improvement Company’s resident manager was D. L. Yulee. Louis F. Roux had been station agent for three years at Cedar Key for the Gulf Atlantic and the West Indies Transit Company. This was the railroad from Femandina. He was short in his accounts. James A. Mason, Jr., was captain of the schooner Lucy M. which had hauled freight such as lumber along the Gulf Coast. In Cedar Key, Nettleton H. Payne, surviving partner of Starkweather and Payne, sued Samuel C. Reddick for nonpayment for 152,000 feet of pine lumber which had been processed in the Sand Spit Mill. Edward J. Lutterloh sued the town of Cedar Key. The town had plans to build a public market and jail too close to his building. Town councilmen of Cedar Key in 1873 were H. P. Lovering, J. G. Williams, Arthur Simmons, H. E. Stickney, and Max Blumenthal. B. R. Goff & Co. (Cedar Key) was sued by William H. Hale for default on a note. P. H. Davis brought a replevin suit against H. P. Perryman concerning a “certain mule”. Davis was acting as agent for J. M. Anmon, the apparent owner of the mule. From Perryman’s plea statement: “Anmon delivered the mule to me, himself, to make and gather a crop; no other conditions were mentioned. When Collier come to get the mule to hall Davis’ corn, I was hailing corn. I said you can not get him. I do not wish to be accountable for Davis’ treatment of the horse stock. The crop is not gathered. His affidavit for replevin is founded in malice. I had promise of the mule and cart to go on a visit South when ploughing was done provided I taken care of the mule and mended him up.” Perryman did not write the statement; but he dictated it and signed it. The actual writer’s identity is unknown. The handwriting is not that of George S. Leavitt, County Clerk at the time. 1874: “Whereas Mike Young says that he is lawfully entitled to possession of a certain sugar mill and boiler now in the possession of one Allen Roberts ...”. Moses Keen was being sued by G. W. Hodge. Hodge was administrator for the estate of Daniel A. Morgan. Wesley B. Hodge was a deputy sheriff, also constable and town marshall at Cedar Key. In the case of Leneer (a version of Lanier?) Vs William Batty, Hodge deposed that he had attached “certain rafts of cedar said to be the property of Demry (probably Demory of Demere) and Bro.” in connection with unpaid costs of cutting the cedar and rafting it to Cedar Key. In another entry the names, Barnett Demery and Raymond Demery are mentioned. John G. Williams was Justice of the Peace in Cedar Key at this time. 7

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Eugene Batty, as agent for William Batty, filed an affidavit before J. M. Galphin, another J.P., saying that the “180 logs of cedar now on board the schooner M. D. Ireland is the property of William Batty.” Parrish Jackson was indicted for manslaughter in the fatal shooting of Marie Glover. Witnesses were Jeff McQueen, Bailey Scott, and Dr. G. A. Penny. Jackson was found not guilty. Thomas B. Faitoute was a J.P. at Cedar Key. Samuel Bowers, charged with assault upon D. Rams (or Rains) was transferred to the Nassau County jail. 1875 : Henry C. Ferris sued Thomas A. Britt and George Blum over some furniture. This was probably in Cedar Key. Thomas A. Britt was also sued for nonpayment of account by Max Blumenthal, a Cedar Key merchant. Adelaide A. Keen and William W. Keen were divorced and her maiden name restored, Maria Adelaide Tresper. Sarah J. Keen and Thomas Keen were divorced. Allen Osteen sued David Altman for “unduly detaining from him a said horse.” In 1875, Cedar Key’s mayor was Francis E. Hale; city aldermen were J. R. Wolf, A. B. Quin, Peter Hart, Morris Jordan, and James Karn. Charles Webster brought suit against the town at this time. Wesley H. Hodge, Cedar Key, killed Parrish Jackson with two pistol shots. This happened in Bettilini’s store. The coroner’s jury was W. H. Batty, Frank Lems, H. Winter, G. Williams, J. Connier, O. Bettilini, B. Scott, Call Floyd, J. G. W. Edwards, Andrew Williams, J. H. Griffin, and Henry Hall. Isaac G. Westervelt was coroner. Hodge was moved to the Duval County jail for safekeeping. Solomon B. Folks was J.P. at Black Dirt precinct. James W. Brown had been fatally shot and found. J. W. Robinson was constable. The coroner’s jury was Stephen C. Barco, John C. Folks, Benjamin B. Davis, Samuel M. Niblack, Jonas T. Driggers, Jesse Smith, J. J. Smith, Haiston Johnson, S. C. Barco, and Ezekiel Johnson. J. R. Wolfe and C. B. Rogers were dealers in merchandise at Cedar Key as Wolfe and Rogers. W. A. Jones lived at Atsena Otie in block 10, lot 1; Miss Ellen Kelsey in block 7, lot 9; Max Blumenthal owned lot 10, block 13, and lot 22, block 1 on Way Key; Mrs. S. A. Jones owned lot 3, block 7 in Cedar Key. D. L. Yulee still owned sec. 19 in TS 11, R 15. 1876 : “Whereas the said New Orleans, Florida and Havanna Steamship Company was indebted to George A. Penny, the said plaintiff, in the just and true sum of $154 for services in boarding, examining and inspecting the steamships Margaret and William P. Clyde, the property of said company, in or near the port of Cedar Key as Port Inspector of said port during the period and existence of the quarantine, ordinance and regulations established and put into operation by the mayor and aldermen of the town of Cedar Key acting as a Board of Health ...” Penny has sued for his fees. His lawyers were E. W. Perry and E. M. Hampton. John J. Philbrick brought suit against E. J. and W. M. Shemwell, an action to recover possession of the Exchange Hotel in Cedar Key for failure to pay the rent. Defendants failed to show, so the court assessed them for costs and found for the plaintiff. Abby H. Nutter and husband, George F. Nutter, of Cedar Key brought suit against W. G. O’Regan, Mattie Finlayson, Elizabeth N. Rogers and husband, Henry Rogers, and H. P. Jackson, sheriff, for nonpayment of promissory notes. The defendants had purchased the steamlaunch Little Sallie from Albert E. Willard and John B. Croft. 1877 : J. N. Ford had a store at Rosewood. Goodman and Myers of Savannah, Georgia, sued W. H. Hale of Cedar Key, delinquent account of wholesale purchases. George F. Nutter, agent for the steamer D. L. Yulee, was being sued by W. B. Mcllvaine for $87.00. Verdict was for the plaintiff. This trial was in Cedar Key, and H. V. Snell was J.P. Mcllvaine had worked on the steamer as Master (Captain). The jury awarded $30.75 to the plaintiff. The wreck of that old steamer is now lying in shallow water on the Levy County side of the Suwannee River at the downstream end of the stretch known as Long Reach. It was tom loose from its mooring at Salt Creek by the hurricane of 1896 and blown aground at its present location. Edwin Hamlin brought suit against the steamboat David L. Yulee for his work aboard as engineer. 1878 : E. J. Lutterloh of Cedar Key, in a letter to County Judge, Col. W. H. Sebring in Bronson, mentions that “Col. Cottrell lives on the other side of the river” and requests Sebring to telegraph him. Also in Cedar Key during 1878, F. E. Hale was a Notary Public. Frank R. Moody was selling his interest in the steamer Little Sallie for $10.00. Montholon Atkinson sued William Rogers. A man listed as Albritton Lewis could have been the same person as Britt Lewis. James Rawls was hung March 1st at 1:00 P.M. after being convicted of 8

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first degree murder. Porter Jackson was sheriff, and George F. Drew was governor. 1879 : In Cedar Key, Parsons and Hale had a contract with George W. Moody concerning the steam powered sawmill located at the Sand Spit; the land was leased from the Florida Town Improvement Co. Shatford C. Carson recorded a mechanic’s lien on the steam powered sawmill at Rosewood owned by J. B. Dunn, successor to Dum, Oaks & Company. The Rosewood sawmill consisted of one single mill, one five-flue steam boiler, the mill building, lumber yard, one turning lathe. “I, Enoch J. Geiger, of Levy County hereby file this notice that I shall claim the following personal property as my homestead exemption under the laws and constitution of the State of Florida: one gray horse, $75; one cart, $20; seven head of hogs, $14; household and kitchen equipment, $25.” So, Florida did have some kind of homestead exemption back in 1879. At Bronson, ‘‘Whereas a certain charge of malicious slander having been made against Mrs. Lizzie Stonemetz in the village of Albion by W. R. Hall ... Now, I, W. R. Hall, the accused, retract the above charge of slander ... I know of nothing whatever that can reflect upon the good name and character of Mrs. Lizzie Stonemetz ... that the statements said to be made by me by one George Williams that Mrs. Lizzie Stonemetz was a__ were never uttered or made by me ...” In Cedar Key, Isaac Eppinger recorded a lien on lots 4 and 5, block 2, in the town of Atsena Otie on Depot Key, and on the steam sawmill known as Nutter’s Mill situated on said lots. Daniel S. Marsh and wife, Adriana, lived on 80 acres between Bronson and Chunky Pond. They had orange groves and vineyards. Jonathan B. Thomas was J.P. at Sumner, held court in the Sumner school house. In one case tried there, Benjamin H. Holland Vs Benjamin H. Holland, Sr., witnesses were Mrs. E. P. Holland and H. C. Mattier (an altered version of the name, Mattair). The jury found for the plaintiff. Judge Farley was indicted for ‘‘keeping a certain house of ill fame.” Witnesses were John R. Mitchell and C. W. Webster. 1880 : Willard Hall was charged with homicide. Peter Hansen’s testimony: “I was attending meeting at the school house at Albion on Sunday, April 4, 1880. I heard the ladies scream and upon looking toward the door saw a shotgun. I did not see who had the gun. Instantly, I heard shooting upon looking saw Mr. Kline stagger and fall. I opened the door and went out and saw Mr. Kline laying on the ground. I took the shotgun and fired it off and Mr. Shug Faircloth, service manager for the Ford agency in Bronson about 1918. 9

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leaned Mr. Kline against the house. I saw the gun, heard the report and saw the smoke.” During cross-examination by the state: ‘‘I was the first man at the door. The gun was laying out on the ground. I was the first to take up the gun and fired it off, shot off one barrell. The shotgun had a copper cap on it. I was the first to go to the man after the shooting. He was laying sideways by the church. When he was shot he rolled about. I set on the same seat in church with the defendant.” Testimony of Mrs. Christine Hansen in the above case: “I was present at a meeting Sunday afternoon. Mr. Kerr was reading his sermon. I heard Mrs. Gordon hollering very loud; she said ‘Mr. Kerr, there is Mr. Klein with a shotgun.’ I turned my face toward the door and saw Mr. Klein standing aiming the gun right into the middle of the house, saw the gun move toward the left. I jumped off the bench, heard the report, saw the smoke, turned my face toward the wall expecting to be shot, heard some shots afterward, looked around, saw my husband Mr. Hansen going toward the door, spoke to Mr. Kerr, asked him was he shot, saw him sitting on the bench. I went and opened the door, saw Mr. Frye, Mr. Hansen, and Mr. Klein on the steps, heard another gunshot before I opened the door.” According to Mrs. Julliette Byles: “Mr. Kerr was reading his sermon ... saw a man standing on the steps pointing a shotgun into the schoolhouse ... I did not know about the quarrel at the time ... just a second before the shotgun went off I was looking right down both barrels ... immediately afterwards I heard what sounded like two or three very fast pistol shots ... I then came out from under the bench to see who was killed and saw Willie Hall standing by the front seat with a pistol in his hand and his arms by his sides ... Willie Hall did not move from where he was standing until he started to go for the doctor.” Dr. J. M. Jackson: ...‘‘deceased died from wounds.” Alfred J. Townsend: ... ‘‘deceased was shot in the right thigh, left side of the stomach, also in the right collar bone.” Other witnesses were Francis E. Gordon, William Gomm, Mrs. Mary Colson, Gilbert Lambert, Seigford Frei, Mary Goody, Mrs. Francis E. Gordon. The victim was Allen Kline (also spelled Klein). Apparently, he appeared in the church door and fired off one barrel of his shotgun without hitting anyone and then was shot down by pistol fire from Willard Hall who must have been a very fast gunfighter. These people were residents of the village of Albion which disappeared many years ago. It was located on State Road 24 between Bronson and Archer about two miles inside the Levy County line. In an earlier case that same year, a warrant was out for the arrest of Willard R. Hall which may be related to the homicide affair. From the warrant: ... ‘‘did say of this deponent in following malicious and untrue words, to wit: ‘She is getting too big around her apron string.’” W. D. Finlayson was sheriff at this time. In Cedar Key, H. W. Lutterloh contracted to build a brick house for N. Schlemmer, 35 feet deep, 25 feet front, and 25 feet high, two stories. F. M. McQueen was a JP at Cedar Key. Thomas E. Parsons and William H. Whitehead were in business in Bronson as Parsons and Whitehead. The Cedar Key Working Man’s Association was organized and their contributions recorded. Members were: C. Aulston, George H. Baker, Daniel Bird, Abraham Brown, Barry Brown, Charley Brown, J. Burkhiem, Thomas M. Coburn, Peter Dunn, J. G. W. Edwards, W. K. Flynn, Douglas Kemp, Louis Kolb, J. R. Mitchell, J. B. Moody, David Moore, C. M. Moseley, John F. Murrell, A. Odum, W. S. Rogers, Thomas Starling, Erving Tillis, Guss Wall, George W. Williams, and George M. Young. From their constitution: ‘‘Any member introducing in any manner the discussion of religion or politics shall be forthwith be expelled from the hall and his name dropped permanently from the roll of members.” A warrant was issued from William E. Yearty’s JP Court in Cedar Key for R. L. Holzendorf, charged with assaulting one Jack Lastinger. Witnesses were W. H. Lane, William Atcheson, Andrew Williams, Walter Williams, D. J. Hollister, James Gordon, James Hall, B. F. Bennett, E. J. Bell, and Sip Witaker. The Holzendorfs were not recent immigrants as the name might seem to indicate. They were living in North Georgia in the 1700’s. W. Norris sued the American Ice and Cold Storage Company (incorporated in Pennsylvania) for his pay for services as engineer at their manufacturing plant in Cedar Key. The company had another name, The American Refrigerating and Construction Company. Lutterloh and Davis were attorneys for the plaintiff. The suit was withdrawn, probably settled out of court. W. R. Medlin sued the Atlantic, Gulf and West Indies Transit Company. They also sued him. In Cedar Key, Charles W. Bradshaw gave a mortgage deed to Charles B. Rogers for lot 17, block 1, .‘‘the said lot fronts on Second Street.” 1881: In Cedar Key, E. J. Lutterloh was indicted for practicing law without a license. Peter Lancaster, William Lancaster, and George Lancaster were indicted for the murder of Edward L. Drummond. Witnesses were J. A. Thomas, W. H. Thomas, Q. M. Bryan, Dr. E. 0. Paschal. During the course of a fight, it seems that Drummond tumbled down a flight of stairs. 10

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The old jail and courthouse in Bronson about 1925. Frank W. Thomas was charged with the murder of Robert Towns “by shooting him in the neck with a pistol in front of a barroom kept by Jack Lastinger in the Streets of Cedar Key.” Witnesses were Lawrence Finnegan, Giles Walls, B. A. Anderson, William McDonald, J. G. Ford, and J. J. Hall. Some of the doctors in Cedar Key at that time were A. F. Woodward, J. H. Roberts, and Charles E. Owens. They examined the victim and said that he would die from the wound. Some names listed as being residents of Rosewood in 1881 were C. M. Jacobs, S. J. Lane, Adam Dees, E. B. Dibble. In Cedar Key, H. W. Ludicke built a house on lot 5, block 34. Green Stephens and his daughter lived in a house on the Goose Cove beach. D. H. Sutton held a lien against the steamer Erie. J. H. Gary ran a general merchandise store in Bronson. He gave power-of-attorney to his lawyer, William J. Jones, also of Bronson. 1882 : Sarah M. Colvin lived in Bronson. In Cedar Key, W. H. Anderson, JP, issued witness summonses for T. P. Tillis and D. K. Kinsey in the case of State Vs A. K. Lawrence, aggravated assault. Papers were served by Larry Finnegan. Lawrence had shot at T. A. Darby with a pistol and missed. Thomas J. Yearty sued G. W. King of Cedar Key. 1883 : The Albion Phosphate Company was incorporated in the state of West Virginia. Benton and Upson sued the Karlinah Phosphate Company, also incorporated in West Virginia. West Virginia must have had unusually lenient laws of incorporation. Benton and Upson sold machinery and mill supplies and were probably located in Jacksonville. A man presenting a written declaration would refer to himself as “your orator”, a woman as “your oratrix.” “Your oratrix, Dora Johnson, wife of Adam Johnson of said county, humbly complaining unto your honor that she is the owner of a certain separate estate, and that she is now and has been for some time past, conducting and carrying on an oyster business in the town of Cedar Key, Florida.” She was applying for a court order declaring her to be a free agent, apparently a necessary prerequisite for a woman to manage her own business. Robert Jones intended to “shoot one Albert Richardson with a double barreled shotgun.” Witnesses were Phillip Burns and J. A. Wood. In Cedar Key G. A. Fairchild was proprietor of the Fenimore Mill. R. A. Patterson and Company of Richmond, Virginia, sent a tobacco shipment to Chafer and Darby at Cedar Key via the Old Dominion Steamship Company. The shipment was via New York and included an item listed as Sailors Choice. Henry and Malinda Touchstone were divorced. She was a Meeks. They had been married in Lafayette County. 1884 : On March 27, 1884 ... “Mr. John Sache, a subject of the Republic of France, an alien, personally appeared in open court” ... His petition for citizenship was approved. 11

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Fletcher J. McQueen and C. J. Bradshaw dissolved their business partnership of Bradshaw and McQueen, October 11,1884, Cedar Key. Some of their business accounts were W. D. Finlayson, W. H. Zewadski, the Company of Cottrell, Finlayson and Scott, David Paul, F. Cottrell, G. S. Scott, W. S. Rogers, E. A. Willard, F. A. Wolfe, Dennis Winn, James S. Cottrell, J. H. Dees, W. C. Benson, and E. L. Cottrell. The schooner Black Hawk operated out of Cedar Key. The schooner Victor would land at Cedar Key. Crewman, Thomas Moss, attempted to desert, the JP Court ordered him back. Ben Friedman was Levy County Judge longer than anyone else has been. This picture is from an old tin type. 1885 : Master of the steamer Bertha Lee was B. F. Hall, Jr.; one of the owners was E. S. Douglass. They were being sued by Greenlief Andrews. David Graham, Jr., was charged with intent to kill one Michael Hughes with a pistol. John L. Coleman, C. B. Hall, and R. E. Edwards lived at Rosewood. They were witnesses in an adultry trial. J. O. Andrews and Company were in business in Cedar Key. “Mr. Henry Gamer, a subject of the Kingdom of Great Britain, an alien, personally appeared in open court’’ ... His petition for citizenship was approved. Anton Blitsch sued the owners of the sloop Alexander for materials and labor. The vessel had been left unattended; owner Alexander Morriseau announced he was leaving for New York. 1886 : The appeal of H. B. Coulter, appellant, Vs the town of Bronson, appellee, was dismissed on motion of the appellee. The case of G. Andrews Vs Steamer Bertha Lee (attachment) was dismissed for want of jurisdiction. In Bronson, Rosa -" was found guilty of “keeping a house of ill fame.” She got three months in jail. H. E. Marshall, being duly sworn “deposeth and saith: I do not know Edmund Moore, never saw him before tonight, after he was dead. I heard a pistol shot and ran toward the shooting. I saw the deceased Edmund Moore lying on the wharf in front of Fred Emerson’s oyster house, and one Mitchell Johnson standing over him. Johnson said to someone, ‘This here damned boy has shoj: hisself and we had better go for a doctor.’ Then he and Adson Hall walked off.” Mitchell Johnson: ... “the deceased came to his death from a pistol shot fired by the hands of Adson Hall. The pistol with which the shooting was done belonged to me. The deceased drew an oyster knife on Adson Hall and Hall shot the deceased with the 38 caliber self-cocker killing him instantly.” Addison Hall: ... “just as the deceased reached the door walking backwards, Mitchell Johnson fired the pistol once and the deceased fell. Johnson picked the deceased up and carried him into the oyster house and says, ‘Let’s throw him overboard,’ but I disagreed. In the meantime, Mitchell offered me fifteen dollars not to tell that he did the killing.” Johnson was found guilty of third degree murder and sentenced to one year in the penitentiary. James Lisen was the JP. Robert Kilpatrick was found guilty of hog theft and got the same sentence as did Mitchell Johnson, probably not in the same court. J. M. Jackson was certified to practice medicine April 10, 1886, by R. Y. H. Thomas, M. 12

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y^^ Pine White Ctab, Live Oak and Genex-al Merchandise Afr. -T' 6 *S* e *-'‘\x *v -r-.-v^^'WfcxX -A^ ^ S N ’ P Y///&{Jh c /e^w • 1 V __ &V *" V i\' > .i/fe# \\ ~ p ,s N • v '.“Wi v ~ B?2^ FeM'I^ORE 'M I'LL. \ f .*$$& ... V S v. v. .... ^C^ Rl ane d flooring, Dimension Lumber, Ceilij\g& Weather Bo^ftl^^Iofrldings. -v Da^H. AND SHfNGLES, B^AT'-BOARD^. A> S V ^ rrn/i r* m tA n'/\ tt Vm vaAVr^iTrirv K ur\ nnn/>T. t TJ T /1 n l r TXT PTTPD V ITi T> 1 JP r T y \ r PLgS, CAPS, GROg^ES, E tc. |||S§£: wp Q&bav efte-w, eFto-.%  %  •’’ S'S tSk* ^^88^. u a PARsoNa Ss \. : p. a HALE. ajMg^v%  •. -v ; '.>; %  -: "IPftS <7 2 V Ira I. & I yd I. @a|te|Mj' w, .1 £ 7 4 .‘4v 5 .v513

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1889: D., W. A. Shands, M. D., and James M. Jackson, M. D. The Jacksons were father and son and practiced in Bronson. After the population shrinkage following the 1896 freeze that permanently wiped out the citrus industry around Bronson, the younger Dr. Jackson moved to the village of Miami, Florida, (population less than 500) and was Miami’s first physician. Today’s Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami is named after him. As an aside, the Shands State Teaching Hospital is named after the late Senator Bill Shands who grew up in Bronson. His childhood home is still standing and is now known as the Wellman place. Willis R. Medlin married Ellender Nobles, 18 July 1863, in Levy County. John Chapman, age 12, was indentured by his mother, Jane James of Gulf Hammock, to work as a servant for Emma Wingate, wife of C. B. Wingate, until John reached 21. 1887: “John Ricks, being duly sworn, deposeth and says: ‘I was home on Wednesday morning and was gone from home all day after breakfast. I was at the school house. We were building about one mile southwest of Sand Pond. The schoolhouse is about two miles from where Mr. Medlin was killed. I got home a little after dark that day. I found Mr. Nobles and Mr. Flemming at my house. They told me they had took dinner at Sand Pond and were there two or three hours. I do not know what time Mr. Nobles and Mr. Flemming got to my house. I did not see anyone near the school house that day except the men who were at work with me, Mr. Wren, Mr. Chester, and Mr. Jenkins. One of them, Mr. Jenkins, I think, made some remark about hearing a gunshot. I often hear gunfire out in the woods.’” In Cedar Key, the case of Charles F. Wall and James E. Lipscomb as administrators for the estate of W. W. Wall Vs the steamship Emily was dismissed. Charles A. Hansen, subject of the Kingdom of Sweden and Norway was admitted as a United States citizen. F. A. Wolfe and Company of Cedar Key sued the American Lead Pencil Company. 1888: Louise Hill lived at Ellzey. She was 45 that year and was a witness in the divorce case of Laura Field Vs Ephriam Field. Shelton Phillips became Levy County Superintendent of Education and served in that capacity until 1908. He had taught three years in Levy County. He was state director of vocational agriculture 1919-1923 and later became a legislator. He married Ida Helvenston, daughter of Simeon Helvenston. She died in 1955 at Gainesville. ”... came one David Dupree who ... says ... that one Charles Rawls did enter the boat of said deponent lying at a wharf in Cedar Key and did steal ... the sail of said boat, mast, and one pair of oil skin pants.” R. Y. H. Thomas was JP. One Squire Squire otherwise known as Anderson Squire was sentenced to six months in the penitentiary for breaking and entering a house in the daytime. W. H. Bigham plead guilty to a concealed weapon charge filed before he became sheriff, was fined $100, later reduced to $25. Alexander Hardee got twelve months in jail following a conviction of riot. Manuel Hall, Frank Bums, William Jackson, and Mack Hogan got six months in the same case. O. Bettilini of Cedar Key was charged with illegal sale of intoxicating liquors, to wit, wHskey. The county had voted dry in September, 1899. Dr. G. Dottore Pietro Monti signed an affidavit to the effect that Bettilini was sick and unable to move. E. J. McCall and J. L. Cottrell were witnesses. Bettilini’s attorneys, Lutterloh and Davis, presented a plea in abatement to the effect that the indicting grand jury was unlawfully constituted because John B. Epperson was on the jury list and as postmaster at Williston was a United States Official. Outcome of the case is not known except for a notation written by Sheriff W. H. Bigham and Deputy H. S. Sutton to the effect that they were unable to process the capias on Bettilini, ... “the within named is not to be found in Levy County this April 20, 1891.” Mr. Bettilini apparently improved, became able to move, and took off. Charlotte E. and Charles E. Galloway of Shelby County, Tennessee, conveyed power of attorney to William Gomm to manage their property at Bronson and specifically to eject one Benjamin R. Scudder. Newton Lummus was charged with carrying a concealed weapon. Witnesses were Oscar Jackson and John Parker. W. H. Bigham, sheriff, deposed that Frank Ferstnow aided and abetted the escape of a prisoner, L. C. Duer, while in his custody as guard. 1890: Arch Wilson and Perry Luster “interrupted and disturbed the worship of God by fighting at the church door.” Witnesses were S. D. Houston, Lew Demere, Richard Harris, and William Hall. Ellen M. Lindsey was postmaster at Bronson. Gustaf Hansen, subject of the Kingdom of Sweden and Norway was admitted to citizenship. J. W. Turner of Winston, N. C., got a hold order issued against Thomas J. Yearty on some merchandise: 14 barrels of Hobby Flour; one barrel of Rogers Best Flour; one barrel of Dictator Flour, one barrel of Pearl Grits; one barrel of Scotch Snuff. 14

PAGE 17

Unidentified resident of Cedar Key about 1910. Fence in background was the property of Will DeLaino who wrote an eyewitness account of the 1896 hurricane and tidal wave. 15

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W. J. Epperson sued M. F. Bean, default on promissory note, $116.40. O. Bettilini and business partner, Thomas W. Davis, of Cedar Key brought suit against the Levy County Commission regarding denial of their request for a permit to sell spiritous liquors. They had duly advertised their intent to apply in the Cedar Key Commercial. Lula C. Yearty applied for license as a free dealer. 1891 j Jim Beauchamp was indicted for having a weapon concealed on or about his person. Norvelle R. Carter was foreman of the grand jury. Tom Beck and Hiram Starling were state witnesses. Nero Johnson was charged with attempting to sell fradulently some cypress cross ties near LittleÂ’s Mill, Sumner, to one C. M. Jacobs. Jacobs built the Cannon house at Rosewood. J. F. Meredith was a phosphate miner in the county. D. G. Ambler, promoter and general business operator during this time, was from Jacksonville. 1892: C. B. Rogers and Company got an injunction restraining Ivey Brothers and Company from selling the Fennimore Mill in Cedar Key, said property being bounded on the west by the main track of the Florida Central and Peninsular Railroad and on all other sides by the Gulf of Mexico. Business partner of C. B. Rogers was E. A. Champlain. FennimoreÂ’s Mill was owned at that time by Charles A. Fairchild. William Higginbotham was sentenced to life for murder. TaylorÂ’s Spur was near Albion. 1893: George Wrey of England formed a company with L. Q. Kermode, J. H. Jakobie, and Charles H. Hollingsworth known as the Gulf Hammock Tobacco Company. The Tyndall Mine was owned by the Phosphate Development and Finance Co., LTD of London, England. In Bronson, the Levy County High School and Improvement Company was organized by W. J. Epperson, P. M. Colson, J. M. Jackson, Jr., J. E. Lummus, and O. J. Farmer. The Eagle Pencil factory in Cedar Key, 1870Â’s. The design of their little office building was widely noted. 16

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Benjamin Friedman and Mary E. Friedman were divorced. This might be the same Ben Friedman who was county judge longer than anyone else has been and who legend says was a bachelor. 1894: James L. Townsend et al sued for injunction to prohibit James V. Burke and Mont Brooks from digging up the soil for the purpose of mining in a parcel of section 10, TS 13, R 18E. That parcel is southwest of Orange Hill Cemetery, near Williston. Polidone Jones was indicted for breaking and entering the house of one Polly Allen. Witnesses were Lee Allen and Joe Reddish. The Gulf Hammock Orange and Vegetable Company was organized by L. Q. Kermode, Phillip Bums, C. B. Wingate, George Wrey, J. H. Jakobie, and A. S. Anderson. J. C. Wright lived in Bronson. In Cedar Key, James W. Smith and Eberhard Faber defaulted on payment for six carloads of cedar. 1895: The Eagle Pencil Company in Cedar Key was a New York Corporation. In Bronson, there was an agreement between James M. Stewart and Epperson, Lummens, and Company that Stewart was to build a grist mill to accommodate the local demand for meal and grits at said mill. The Merchantile Company agreed not to stock foreign meal and grits. Mr. William Gomm had a store at Albion; so did R. G. Coarsey. Gomm’s store was east of Coarsey’s store which faced south. The Albion Post Office was in Coarsey’s store. R. G. Coarsey’s brother, Wiley Coarsey, also lived at Albion. On May 4, 1895, Silas Goldwire was in Mr. Coarsey’s store sitting on the counter eating oysters. Allen Brown shot Lige Butts. As a witness, Goldwire drew a diagram of Coarsey’s store in the sawdust on the courtroom floor. Another witness, Alex McIntyre, lived at Gulf Hammock. A man named Miller also had a store at Albion. Wade, Florida, was on the other side of Newberry from Albion. A warrant was issued for Frank Lathinghouse, ... “perjury during inquest over one kid Jack ...” 1896: Isham Stephens resided on a part of the old Medlin place in Gulf Hammock near Ellzey. T. W. Shands got a ten year license to operate a ferry business at Fort Fannin across the Suwannee River. Hershel V. Coarsey and wife, Cora E., had a store in Bronson. 1897: W. W. Colson bought a merchantile business at Judson from G. H. Schofield, witnessed by J. R. Beauchamp and W. J. Epperson. On June 2, 1897, the town of Williston was incorporated. The first election of town officials was held July 6, 1897. Those elected were: Mayor W. M. Barton; Councilmen J. Harvey, J. P. Reddick, D. E. Williams, J. B. Epperson, J. M. Willis; Clerk, J. N. Malphurs; Treasurer, F. F. Reddick; Tax Assessor and Collector, P. N. King; Marshall, no one elected. Allen S. Osteen was appointed guardian for Precious Adeline Hurst and Ferraby Ann Hurst, minors. 1898: Fred Cubberly applied for a license to practice law. Lou Becca Pinnell applied for a license to practice law. She was the first woman admitted to the Florida Bar Association. A native of Bronson, she lived past 90 and died in a Jacksonville Nursing Home about 1974. 1899: In Morriston, J. W. Walston bought out S. W. Petteway’s mercantile business. 1900: The Cedar Key Lumber Company was owned by J. C. Kirkpatrick, S. Z. Ruff, and J. A. Haltiwanger. 1903: H. Studstill and Lula C. Yearty were in business as H. Studstill and Company. They sued the Peninsula Phosphate Company. J. A. Philman and Leonard Smallwood were charged with armed robbery. They held up Jack Robinson, Sam Brown, William Thomas, and Lee Curry with shotguns, got money and commissary checks. 1906: The Bank of Williston was chartered by J. B. Epperson, R. D. Medlin, W. M. Barton, J. N. Willis, and H. DeLand, capital of $15,000. There was also a Citizens Bank of Williston but no further data on it is available at this time. 1908: The town of Bronson was incorporated again. Its first incorporation seems to have been around 1883 but this has not been documented. E. A. Pinnell was the first mayor under the new incorporation. Aldermen were R. D. Proctor, S. L. Bean, G. A. Boyd, C. A. Lindsey, John R. Willis. B. L. Jones was elected marshal, and W. P. Pinnell was clerk. Some of the electors were: C. D. Colson, W. R. Coulter, W. J. Epperson, Bud Faircloth, Fletcher Faircloth, J. W. Faircloth, W. B. Faircloth, W. B. Fletcher, Ben Friedman, O. J. 17

PAGE 20

KEY Ym ERS GREEN TURTLE ALL SEASONS. ZL ec/ai d, Grta., ^ ] m* ~r&xu?ris' *&&& & #+ & < A < %  74,.-X-. •--%  £%  •>.. go.uoHT of 3ETTELINI,, DEALElt A SI> &HI I ’ I'HItf-riV y FISH, OYSTE J. R. WOLF*. c. S. ROGERS. f VT ? /t T^BB S XZsF <$tdar H&tgs, S^*-’ 187S 18

PAGE 21

Farmer, A. P. Hardee, J. F. Jackson, 0. F. Laney, E. A. Pinnell, J. M. Overstreet, R. C. Ricks, W. A. Smith, Q. D. Thornton, E. Walker, W. H. Whitehead, W. B. Whitten, F. W. Wilkerson. 1912: The Cedar Key State Bank was chartered by W. R. Hodges, A. P. Schlemmer, D. Y. Read, W. C. Bryce, H. E. Charpia, Monroe Venable, W. R. Thomas, W. H. Anderson, Jr. So many citizens did not know how to read and write that the clerks and scribes grew so accustomed to signatures being made with an X that they even had some of the literate citizens to sign with an X. The signature designated with “his (X) Mark” does not necessarily mean that the deponent could not sign his or her name. The old commissary in Otter Creek, John M. Hudson on left, other man unidentified. As we stated at this chapter’s beginning, we have omitted the Kanky-panky cases and in a way, that is to be regretted. Some of them are excruciatingly funny and others are merely sordid. However, a certain propitious limit must be observed in a publication such as this one. In the recording of depositions in direct words of the witnesses, the gutter language has changed very little in a hundred years. Perhaps that indicates that people who use gutter language are not very imaginative nor innovative, or that gutter language persons are ultra-conservatives. This chapter alone would present a warped perspective of the people who lived in old Levy County. Most of those names listed were not violators of the law and some of those charged were innocent. The overall picture across the years is one of loud hostilities and altercations along with some more people who worked for their living rather quietly, all of it another manifestation of the inexplicable qualities of human nature. S. E. GUNNELL 19