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Between Two Oceans
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Rebecca Jefferson
Barbara Hood
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BETWEEN TWO OCEANS en-USAlbert H. Nahmad Panama Canal Galleryen-US George A. Smathers Libraries

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BETWEEN TWO OCEANS en-USApril 1, 2017 March 2, 2018en-USAlbert H. Nahmad Panama Canal Galleryen-USDeen-USdicated to the Members of the Balboa High School Class of 1958

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This en-USpublication has been generously supported by Albert H. Nahmad en-US through the Panama Canal Gallery Exhibit Fund.en-US Exhibition Curator Elizabeth A. Bouton en-US With assistance from Jessica Marcetti and Lourdes Santamara-Wheeleren-US Publication designer Monica Beestingen-US5 Table of Contents en-USPanama Canal Construction, 1904-1914en-US Chief Engineersen-US Labor Forceen-US Construction Challengesen-US Healthen-US Opening the Canal August 15, 1914en-US Working in the Panama Canalen-US Clubs and Organizationsen-US School Daysen-US Fun in the Sunen-US Familiesen-US Visiting the Canalen-US Defending the Canalen-US Transfer of Operationsen-US Panama Canal Centennial, 2014en-US MagicBoxen-US Exhibition Listen-US Honor Roll of Donorsen-US Acknowledgementen-US About the Collection en-US 8en-US 10en-US 12en-US 16en-US 20en-US 22en-US 26en-US 28en-US 32en-US 36en-US 40en-US 44en-US 46en-US 48en-US 52en-US 54en-US 56en-US 62en-US 66en-US 67

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en-US7en-USIn 1914, the Atlantic and Pacic Oceans were united across the Isthmus of en-US Panama. The ten-year U.S. Canal construction project was a monumental en-US engineering achievement made possible by a large, diverse labor force and en-US by technological and health care advances. The 500 square miles surrounding en-US this world trade route was the Canal Zone; home to U.S. citizens who worked en-US for the Canal and their families. This patriotic community ourished on the en-US tropical terrain with schools, community events, and organizations. The en-US American Era spanned the construction, operation, maintenance, and en-US en-US defense of this passage for almost a century (1904-1999). After the Torrijos-en-US Carter Treaties in 1979, the Zone ceased to exist and a period of transition en-US began. On December 31, 1999, Canal operations transferred to Panama. en-US Over 100 years of history has been preserved through the efforts of those who en-US devoted their livelihoods to this waterway, offering a unique insight to the en-US marvel that is the Panama Canal. BETWEEN TWO OCEANS

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en-US9en-US 8en-USGiant steam shovel jaws gouge the earth as the scent of dynamite hangs heavy in en-US en-US the air. The rumbling railcars haul away the waste material while men equipped with en-US shovels and explosives assess the progress of canal construction between the years 1904 en-US to 1914. Words are lost in the cacophony of machinery, save for warnings of incoming en-US cement from overhead. These men are moving mountains amidst precariously placed en-US cranes on the isthmian terrain.en-USW.A. Fishbaugh (American, 1873-1950)en-US A Dynamite Blast in Culebra Cuten-US c. 1913en-US 2014.111.2en-US en-US Purchased with funds provided by the Panama Canal en-US Museum Collection Endowment Panama Canal en-USConstruction, 1904-1914 en-US9 en-USErnest Hallen (American, 1875-1947) en-US Steam Shovel Down to Grade, Bas Obispoen-US 1en-US909en-US 2001.074.001.033en-US Gift of Doris and Ken Tuley

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11en-US 10en-USThe correct decision as to type, great resources, sanitation, modern machinery en-US en-US and the indomitable American spirit were the factors which gave to the United States a en-US successful Panama Canal. Those who took part in its creation can, and could during their en-US lifetime, take a just pride in the great work which their minds and hands wrought.en-US John F. Stevensen-US, en-USAn Engineers Recollections en-USCol. Goethals in Charge of the Panama Canal after Stevens Retirementen-US en-US 2en-US013.2.91en-US Gift of Bill Angrick Chief Engineers en-US11en-USErnest Hallen (American, 1875-1947) en-US en-US John F. Stevens (Chief Engineer) and Heads of Divisions, Culebra, Canal Zoneen-US 1906en-US 2007.066.002.001en-US Gift of Richard Morgan

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13 12en-USTwo men hold their wages after a strenuous days work dredging the canal. In the en-US hand of the American lies a gold coin and a silver coin shimmers in the hand of the en-US West Indian. They take the same path to the commissary to purchase drinks to en-US en-US soothe their dry throats and split ways at the segregated entrances of the supply en-US shop. Eventually the two laborers retreat to their barracks, the American hiking up to en-US the mess hall upon Gold Hill as the West Indian treks to Camp Bierd in Cristobal. en-US en-US Both will attempt to slumber in the thick humid heat before reuniting in the Culebra en-US Cut. After two continuous working years, the American citizen receives a Roosevelt en-US Medal recognizing his efforts in canal progress, with subsequent bars for every en-US additional two year period. Labor Force The Marine Studio en-USPanama Canal Commissary with Personnel, Showing the Silver and Gold Entrancesen-US 2en-US002.092.001en-US Gift of Varney T. Cornwell Jren-US.en-US13

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15en-US 14 Construction Crews in a Lock Chamber of the Panama Canal en-US1913en-US 2011.999.248en-US Gift of Curtis H. Bliss 15

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17 16 en-USLaborers cautiously load drill holes with dynamite to loosen the earth. A fatal boom en-US ricochets throughout the canal as a tumbling rockslide buries machine and man. en-US Disasters of this magnitude have put equipment out of commission and killed countless en-US laborers. However, rockslide death tolls are eclipsed by a killer no bigger than a drop of en-US rain, spreading fever among the masses. en-US Chills in the night awaken an unfortunate soul whose fever rages as malaria overtakes en-US his exhausted immune system. A mosquito buzzes close to his ear as he lays dying. en-US Premonitions of malaria have led to desertion of the labor force, halting construction. en-US Fear is accompanied by pining for loved ones waiting in the homeland, further pulling en-US men away from Panama. Construction en-USChallengesen-US17 en-USOne of the Fatal Scenes of the Great Canal Disaster. Three Men Were Taken from Under This Drill en-US December 12, 1908en-US 2en-US014.111.21en-US Purchased with funds provided by the Panama Canal Museum Collection Endowment

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19 18en-USView of Debris and Large Group of Workers after the Accidenten-US December 12, 1en-US908en-US 2en-US014.111.22en-US Purchased with funds provided by the Panama Canal Museum Collection Endowment en-US19 Leon Forrest Slim Hallett, Sr. (American, 1891-1965) en-USLeen-UStter from L.F. Hallett to Ida May Richardsen-US February 6, 1915en-US 2en-US014.44.1aaaaaen-US Gen-USift of the Family of Leon Forrest Slim Hallett, Sr.

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21 20en-USThe surface tension of stagnant ditch water embraces a young mosquito as it develops en-US into adult form. Hunger urges it to leave the ditch, seeking out blood. Its meal ends en-US abruptly as a canal worker slaps his bicep from the ticklish prick, but it is too late. The en-US malaria parasite has transferred from mosquito to human, and the mans days are now en-US numbered in a bed at Ancon Hospital. Surgeon General William Gorgas assembled a en-US en-US water to be treated with oil to suffocate the wigglers. Within one year, malaria en-US deaths have decreased by half, and have mostly disappeared by 1921, though other en-US en-US mosquito theory, Gorgas found success in the near elimination of malaria in the Zone en-US thanks to the support of Chief Engineer John F. Stevens.en-USen-US c. 1914en-US 2013.2.95en-US Gift of Bill Angrick Health en-US21en-USErnest Hallen (American, 1875-1947)en-US Application of Larvacide (Mosquito Oil) by Use of Knapsack Sprayer.Miren-USen-US en-US June 1910en-US 2004.008.002.002en-US Gift of Richard Wien-USlliams

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23 22en-USI am profoundly thankful that I shall be able to take back to the United States the message en-US that the nations picked sons are carrying themselves so well here that I can absolutely en-US guarantee the success of the mighty work which they are doing. It is not an easy task. Mighty en-US few things that are worth doing are easySo you men here, in the future, each man of you, en-US will have the right to feelthat he has made his country his debtor; that he has done more en-US en-US You are doing a work the like of which has not before been seen in the ages, a work that shall en-US last through the ages to come, and I pledge you as President of the United States, every en-US ounce of support and help and assistance that it is in my power to give, so that we together, en-US you backed by the people of the United States, may speedily bring this greatest of works to a en-US triumphant conclusion.en-US November 16, 1906, Address of Theodore Roosevelt en-US to the Assembled Panama Canal Force Opening the Canal en-USAugust 15, 1914en-US23 Ernest Hallen (American, 1875-1947) en-USOpening of the Panama Canal on August 15, 1914. S.S. Ancon Leaving West Chamber, en-US en-US Gatun Upper Locks and Entering Gatun Lakeen-US 2en-US008.018.001.060en-US Gift ofen-US Emily Murphy

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25 24en-USShip in Locksen-US 2003.066.010en-US Gift of Mickey Fitzgerald 25 en-USen-US en-US Expected Opening of the Panama Canalen-US 2001.052.001en-US Gift of Rick en-USWilliams

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27 26en-USmy grandfather helped construct the Panama Canal back in 1910, [19]11, and [19]12, en-US somewhere around there. Well, the majority of his children were born down there which en-US en-US would be my uncles and my aunts, including my mother. They all worked for the Panama en-US en-US en-US en-US en-US en-US put you up in hotels. Well, the hotel that they put me up to was the Tivoli Guest House, which en-US en-US en-US stayed there.en-US Charles DeTore Working on the en-USPanama Canalen-US27 Roosevelt Medal No. 519 awarded to H. Ericksen, 1905-07 en-US1999.001.031en-US Gift of Marc Quinn

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29 28en-USSports and recreation were big in the Canal Zone; we had a lot of programsEvery en-US community, there were different housing communities and townships and almost all of them en-US either had or had very nearby a gymnasium, a swimming pool, tennis courts. So there were en-US a lot of sports that you could do on your own but also they were very well-organized. They en-US had the children, for after school, organized by age groupsThey had a lot of adult leagues en-US in bowling, softball, baseball, basketball. So there was always something to keep you busy, en-US keep you off the streets. You got to understand that there was no private industry there in en-US the Canal Zone, so kids couldnt get workBut the Canal Zone was more of a place where en-US kids just spent their time outdoors. I tried stamp collecting for a while, but I spent more time en-US looking out of the window for something to do.en-US Bob Zumbado Clubs and en-USOrganizationsen-USBalboa Baseball Bunch Teamen-US 1916en-US 2002.038.071.001en-US Gift of Pat Beaen-USll 29

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31en-US 30en-USCulebra Bowling Teamen-US 2003.017.023.006en-US Gift of Patricia Hall 31 en-US1968 Ocean to Ocean Cayuco Race Patchen-US 2003.021.002en-US Gift of Tom and Barbara Petersonen-US Panama Marlin Club Patchen-US en-US 2017.3.1

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33 32 School Days en-USIt was, as far as Im able to determine, like any high school in the United States. It had the en-US same football teams, basketball teams, cheerleaders. The instructors were all recruited from en-US the United States or experienced high school teachers from America. And the experience, the en-US method of the curriculum, there was no as far as I can see there was zero Latin American en-US impact on the high school. In fact, the Spanish teachers were not even local teachers. There en-US were one or two, but most of the Spanish teachers were imported from the U.S. which is very en-US odd. There was no sense that you were going to school overseas. You might as well have en-US beenin fact, I remember a story once written in the Washington Post. They said that living en-US there was like living in Hyattsville, Maryland. And its true; that was very much the atmosphere en-US of being just like you were in a suburb of a city in the United States.en-US Edward Scott Jr.en-US33en-USBalboa High School Class of 1958 from Zonianen-US en-USYearbooken-US 1958

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35 34en-USBalboa High School Elcrys History Cluben-US 2007.013.004.002en-US Gift of Betty Stergion 35 en-USCristobal High School Caribbean Yearbooken-US 1958

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37 36en-USUnderneath those houses, there was always lots of room for playing, like when it was en-US raining or for hanging clothes or for giving parties. When I was young, we used to give en-US a lot of plays. Wed make up plays and have plays. Sometimes, youd give a dance en-US recital or whatever. Then youd go out and sell tickets, of course, to all your neighbors, en-US friends who would feel obligated to come and buy them. Since I lived there from when en-US I was probably four until I was sevenand thats the Atlantic sidemy grandmother en-US and I, every time we went to the grocery store we would walk through Coln, which en-US really was a nice walk, go to the grocery store, pick up the Carametta, which is a en-US horse-drawn buggy, to come home.en-US Marguerite Zumbado Fun in en-USthe Sunen-US37 en-USErnest Hallen (American, 1875-1947)en-US Type No.17 One Family House Empireen-US 2en-US003.017.013.004en-US Gift of Patricia Hall

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39 38 Black Marlin Caught by Skip Jack en-USDecember 1948en-US 2002.038.076.002en-US Gift of Pat Beaen-USllen-US39 Ice Cream Parlor, Y.M.C.A. Culebra, Canal Zone en-US2001.095.002.004en-US Gifen-USt of Sam Beckley

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41 40en-USI consider the Canal Zone living was a great place as a young person to be raised. en-US Everything we needed was there. You can say it was provided by the government, but en-US no it was ours and we were there. My parents made sure that I never forgot that I was en-US an American citizen. Every American holiday, our community and all the parents put on en-US en-US en-US knew all of the American march music and we later learned all the Panamanian dance en-US music. American marches, Panamanian dances. It kind of set the tone for a way of life.en-US Dorn Thomas Families en-US41en-USParents with Kids Crossing Street on Registration Day at Balboa Elementary School, Canal Zoneen-US 1951en-US 2002.028.0en-US02en-US Gift of Bob and Marguerite Zumbado

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43 42 en-USFamily Photo en-USfromen-US Photo Album of Dean Anderson en-US (Canal Zone Police) and Familyen-US 2002.024.001.002 43 en-USTravel and Family Photo Album of William L. Siberten-US 2012.062.003en-US Gift of Bill Angrick

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45 44en-USI will never forget the smell of the jungle as we traveled from the airport to the Tivoli. We en-US didnt stay there long but was very memorable as it was Carnival! I never had a chance. I fell in en-US love with the country. After the Tivoli moved to Curundu, Fort Clayton then to Gamboa. What en-US an experience growing up in the Zone.en-US Spike Popeen-USHotel Washington, Colon, Panama Postcarden-US 2007.001.007 Visiting the Canal en-US45en-USTivoli Hotel Postcarden-US 200en-US3en-US.014.004en-US Gift of Larry and Sue Barca

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47 46en-USFor over 75 years the U.S. defended the Canal as the gateway between the oceans. en-US en-US During the global turmoil of World War II, the trading pathway became a valuable strategic en-US resource for military vessel and supply transport for the Allied powers. The Canal was en-US successfully protected and was not attacked throughout the war. Two decades later, en-US strife at the local level relating to Panamanian sovereignty led to U.S. military action. In en-US 1964, riots broke out across Panama and the Zone due to an incident involving a torn en-US en-US factor for the 1977 Torrijos-Carter treaties in which operation of the Canal would be en-US transferred to Panama over a 20 year period, with U.S. military maintaining defense. In the en-US 1980s, tensions rose again when Panama was under the control of military dictator Manuel en-US Noriega. His activities with the illegal drug trade, his dealings with communist countries en-US and other factors put the Canal at risk, and caused the U.S. to invade Panama in Operation en-US Just Cause on December 20, 1989. Bloodshed on both sides led to a manhunt of Noriega en-US Defending en-USthe Canalen-US47en-USPBM-3S Martin Mariner Flying Boat and U.S. Navy Sailor, Lying off Pier in San Blas, Panamaen-US 2en-US000.009.026

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49 48en-USFor a long time we all were so involved in keeping the Canal going and preparing for the en-US Treaty that there was little time for nostalgia. As we approached October 1, though, things en-US en-US and how very tragic and sad the event really is. Little by little Canal Zone things began to en-US disappear from public places. Plaques, seals stamps, books, etc., were taken as souvenirsen-US en-US ceremony presided over by the GovernorNone of us knows how long we will stay. We en-US en-US unique organizations ever designed. We were glad to be part of it. Maybe we will be able to en-US help keep it going in a different way, but in a way that we can continue to be proud of what en-US was accomplished hereen-US September 30, 1979, Joseph Wood letter to family and friends Transfer of en-USOperationsen-US49en-USTaken September 30, 1979 Final Day of the Canal Zoneen-US 20en-US12.082.001

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51 50en-USSi Ballot for Panamanian Plebiscite on the 1977 Canal Treatiesen-US 1977en-US 2001.002.001.002en-US Gift of Robert Bob Parker en-US51en-USNo Ballot for Panamanian Plebiscite on the 1977 Canal Treatiesen-US 1977en-US 2001.021.001.001en-US Gift of Robert Bob Parker

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53 52en-USIn August 2014, the Smathers Libraries led a campus-wide celebration of the Centennial en-US of the Opening of the Panama Canal. The celebration began in March with the Center for en-US Latin American Studies Conference on Panama and continued through the end of the year. en-US There were eleven exhibits across campus exploring different aspects of the Canal and life en-US in the Canal Zone. There was also a symphony performance and a collaborative tile mural en-US project with the College of the Arts, which can still be seen outside the Computer Science & en-US Engineering Building (CSE). Panama Canal en-USCentennial, 2014en-USPanama Canal Centennial Medalen-US 2014en-US 2015.1en-US54.1en-US Gift of the Friends of the Panama Canal Museum en-US53en-USMedal Commemorating the Opening of the Panama Canalen-US 1914en-US 2002.023.003en-US Gift of Sara Collinge Ulrich

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55 54 MagicBox en-USThe Albert H. Nahmad Panama Canal Gallery features innovative technology that enables en-US visitors to digitally interact with rare and unique items. The MagicBox exhibit case includes en-US a transparent and touch-sensitive display that presents digital content superimposed over en-US physical objects displayed inside of the illuminated case. en-USFamily Photoen-US fromen-US Personal Photo Album from en-US Construction Eraen-US c. 1909en-US 2001.067.001.002en-US Gift of Steve Nehring en-US55en-USObjects featured in the MagicBox in 2017 primarily focus on the people who worked en-US en-US on the Canal and lived in the Canal Zone during the earlyand mid-20en-USthen-US Century. en-US en-US Objects include:en-US Homer G. Cornthwaite Photographs and Camerasen-USHen-USomer G. Cornthwaite was employed by the Weather Bureau during the initial construction en-US of the Panama Canal. There he took personal photos, including stereographic images with an en-US Eastman Kodak Stereo Hawkeye Model 6. The photographs and cameras are on loan from en-US en-US Dr. and Mrs. David B. McMahon.en-USBalboa High School Class of 1958 Zonian Yearbooken-US Pen-USersonal Photo Albumsen-USPen-USersonal, family, and travel photos taken by various people including William L. Sibert, who en-US was a member of the Isthmian Canal Commission and was head engineer for the Atlantic en-US Division during construction of the Canal. en-USLetters of Leon Forrest Slim Hallett, Sr.en-USLen-USetters sent primarily from Slim Hallett to Ida May Richards during their courtship in en-US en-US 1910-1915 while he was living in Panama and she was living in Massachusetts. en-USFamily Photo en-USfromen-US Travel and en-US en-US Family Photo Album of William L. Siberten-US 2012.062.003en-US Gift of Bill Angrick

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57 56 Exhibition List en-USView from Cofferdam Showing en-US Lower, Middle and Upper Locks en-US at Gatun, Panama Canalen-US 1912en-US Stereographen-US 2013.2.121en-US Gift of Bill Angricken-US Ernest Hallen (American, en-US en-US 1875-1947)en-US Steam Shovel Down to Grade, en-US en-US Bas Obispoen-US 1909en-US Gelatin silver printen-US 2001.074.001.033en-US Gift of Doris and Ken Tuleyen-US Ernest Hallen (American, en-US en-US 1875-1947)en-US Trackshifting Machine for Railcar en-US en-US to Transport Waste Materialen-US c. 1910en-US Gelatin silver printen-US 2001.074.001.003en-US Gift of Doris and Ken Tuleyen-US Wen-US .en-USA. Fishbaugh (American, en-US en-US 1873-1950)en-US A Dynamite Blast in Culebra Cuten-US c. 1913en-US Gelatin silver printen-US 2014.111.2en-US Pen-USurchased with funds provided by en-US en-US the Panama Canal Museum en-US en-US Collection Endowmenten-USAll items are from the Panama Canal Museum Collection, Special & Area Studies en-US Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida unless otherwise noted.en-USA.F.V. Gorgonaen-US Gatun Cement Handling Towers en-US fromen-US Personal Photo Album from en-US Construction Eraen-US en-US c. 1909en-US 2001.067.001.002en-US Gift of Steve Nehring en-US John F. Stevens (American, en-US en-US 1853-1943)en-US An Engineers Recollectionsen-US 1935en-US 2011.011.075en-US Ernest Hallen (American,en-US en-US 1875-1947)en-US John F. Stevens (Chief Engineer) en-US en-US and Heads of Divisions, en-US en-US Culebra, Canal Zone en-US 1906en-US Gelatin silver printen-US 2007.066.002.001en-US Gift of Richard Morganen-US Col. Goethals in Charge of the en-US Panama Canal after Stevens en-US Retirement en-US Stereographen-US 2013.2.91en-US Gift of Bill Angricken-US Paying Laborers on Panama Canalen-US Gelatin silver printen-US 2012.115.067en-US Gift of Karen Nadeau Priceen en-US Sen-USpanish Laborers at Work on en-US en-US the Panama Canalen-US 1909en-US Stereographen-US 2000.038.002.016aen-US Gift of Davis Stevensonen-US Construction Crews in a Lock en-US en-US Chamber of the Panama Canalen-US 1913en-US Gelatin silver printen-US 2011.999.248en-US Gift of Curtis H. Blissen-US The Marine Studioen-US Panama Canal Commissary with en-US Personnel, Showing the Silver en-US en-US and Gold Entrancesen-US Gelatin silver printen-US 2002.092.001en-US Gift of Varney T. Cornwell Jr. en-US Roosevelt Medal No. 389, with Three en-US Bars Awarded to F. Kinden-US 1905-1913en-US Metalen-US 1999.001.015en-US Gift of Marc Quinnen-US Ernest Hallen (American, 1875-1947)en-US Interior Mess Hall for European en-US laborers Gold Hillen-US Gelatin silver printen-US 2003.017.013.001en-US Gift of Patricia Hallen-US57en-USErnest Hallen (American, en-US en-US 1875-1947)en-US Common Laborers Kitchen #2, en-US en-US Camp Bierd, Cristobalen-US Gelatin silver printen-US 2003.017.012.003en-US Gift of Patricia Hallen-US Ernest Hallen (American, en-US en-US 1875-1947)en-US Steam Shovel No. 225, Wrecked en-US en-US by Rock Slide, North of Gold Hillen-US 1911 en-USGelatin silver printen-US 2001.074.001.041en-US Gift of Doris and Ken Tuleyen-US One of the Fatal Scenes of the en-US en-US Great Canal Disaster. Three Men en-US en-US Were Taken from Under This Drill en-US December 12, 1908en-US Gelatin silver printen-US 2014.111.21en-US Purchased with en-USfunds provided by en-US en-US the Panama Canal Museum en-US en-US Collection Endowmenten-US View of Debris and Large Group of en-US Workers after the Accidenten-US December 12, 1908en-US Gelatin silver printen-US 2014.111.22en-US Purchaen-USsed with funds provided by en-US en-US the Panama Canal Museum en-US en-US Collection Endowmenten-US Rock Slide Blast, Panama Canal en-US en-US Zone Before 1914en-US c. 1909en-US Gelatin silver printen-US 2003.055.003.001en-US Gift of Curtis H. Blissen-US Wrecked Steam Shovelen-US c. 1910en-US Gelatin silver printen-US 2014.111.1en-US Purcen-UShased with funds provided by en-US the Panama Canal Museum en-US en-US Collection Endowmenten-US Leon Forrest Slim Hallett, Sr. en-US (American, 1891-1965) en-US Letter from L.F. Hallett to Ida en-US en-US May Richardsen-US February 6, 1915en-US 2014.44.1aaaaaen-US Gift of en-UStheen-US Family of Leon Forrest en-US Slim Hallett, Sr.en-US Loading Drill-Holes with Dynamite. en-US Preparatory to Blasting Near en-US en-US Empire on the Panama Canal Routeen-US 1909en-US Stereographen-US 2000.038.002.002en-US Gift of Davis Stevensonen-US Ernest Hallen (American, en-US en-US 1875-1947)en-US Doctors Treating Patients at Hospital, en-US fromen-US Panama Canal Album #2en-US 1904-1939en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2004.008.002.002en-US Gift of Richard Williamsen-US en-US en-US of the Canalen-US c. 1914en-US Stereographen-US 2013.2.95en-US Gift of Bill Angricken en-US Malaria Admission Rate among en-US Employees of the Panama Canalen-US 1906-1953en-US 2001.053.030.001en-US Malaria Death Rate among en-US en-US Employees of the Panama Canalen-US 1906-1942en-US 2001.053.030.002en-US Aerial Photo of Gorgas Hospitalen-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2000.001.001en-US Gift of Martha Gibsonen-US en-US en-US en-USHealth en-US Departmenten-US 2005.097en-US.021.001en-US Gift of Robin Harrison Bakeren-US Extermination of Mosquitosen-US 2001.81.2en-US Carl G. Brown (American) en-US Malaria Control in the Canal Zoneen-US 2008.007.030en-US Gift of Christian Skeieen-US Checklist for Controlling Mosquito en-US Populationsen-US 2009.003.036.013en-US Ernest Hallen (American, en-US en-US 1875-1947)en-US Application of Larvacide (Mosquito en-US Oil) by Use of Knapsacken-US en-USSprayer.en-US en-US en-US en-US June 1910en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2004.008.002.002en-US Gift of Richard Williamsen-US en-US Postcard Commemorating en-US en-US the Expected Opening of the en-US en-US Panama Canalen-US 2001.052.001en-US Gift of Rick Williamsen-US

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59 58en-USSextant Navigation Device to en-US Determine Distance and Longitude en-US Metalen-US 2007.003.114en-US Gift of Thomas Zane en-US The Panama Canal, Funnel for en-US en-US World Commerceen-US 1967en-US 2011.011.077en-US Pilots Handbook, Reviseden-US en-US 1988en-US 2011.017.001en-US Operation of Towing Locomotives, en-US Panama Canal Locksen-US 1999.001.011en-US Chief Engineer R.H. Enochs Hard Haten-US Fiberglassen-US 2001.066.001en-US Gift of Ken Roscoeen-US Panama Canal Patriotic Exercises en-US of Cristobal, C.Z. Col. Goethals en-US Addressing the Employeesen-US July 4, 1911en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2008.018.001.002en-US Gift of Emily Murphy en-US 1968 Ocean to Ocean Cayuco en-US en-US Race Patchen-US Fabricen-US 2003.021.002en-US Gift of Tom and Barbara Petersonen-US en-US en-US Club Scrapbooken-US Gelatin silver prints en-US 2011.999.236en-US Girl Scout Merit Badge Sash with en-US en-US Merit Badgesen-US Fabricen-US 2003.066.001.001en-US Gift of Mickey Fitzgerald en-US Culebra Bowling Teamen-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2003.017.023.006en-US Gift of Patricia Hallen-US Balboa Baseball Bunch Teamen-US 1916en-US Photographen-US 2002.038.071.001en-US Gift of Pat Beallen-US J. Fisheren-US en-US November 25, 1937en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2011.009.044.001en-US Panama Marlin Club Patchen-US Fabricen-US 2017.3.1en-US Panama: The Atlantic Side Cookbooken-US 1993en-US 2017.6.1en-US Cristobal Senior Girl Scout Troop 88en-US October 4, 1956en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2002.038.013.005en-US Gift of Pat Beall en-US Atlantic Little League Champsen-US 1966en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2005.008.021.002en-US Ernest Hallen (American, en-US en-US 1875-1947)en-US Opening of the Panama Canal en-US en-US on August 15, 1914. S.S. Ancon en-US Leaving West Chamber, Gatun Upper en-US en-US Locks and Entering Gatun Lakeen-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2008.018.001.060en-US Gift of Emily Murphyen-US Ship in Locksen-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2003.066.010en-US Gift of Mickey Fitzgeralden-US The Land Divided the World en-US en-US United Medal Commemorating en-US en-US the Opening of the Panama Canal en-US en-US on August 15, 1914en-US Metalen-US 2017.2.1en-US en-US en-US Exposition Coinen-US Metalen-US 2014.30.7en-US Coin Commemorating the Opening en-US en-US of the Panama Canal #21564en-US Metalen-US 2014.30.6en-US Panama California Exposition, en-US en-US San Diego 1915 Coinen-US Metalen-US 2014.30.10en-US Personnel Bureau, the Panama en-US en-US Canal Companyen-US Living and Working in the Canal Zoneen-US 1954en-US 2000.009.013en-US Gift of Alice McGannen-US59en-USAthletes & Band Members of en-US en-US Atlantic Side YMCAen-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2004.007.052.002en-US Gift of Pat Beall en-US Atlantic Chapter, Order of en-US en-US DeMolay Installation and en-US en-USMajority Services Programen-US July 19, 1938en-US 2006.057.005.001en-US Gift of Carolyn Cunningham en-US Balboa High School Elcrys History Cluben-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2007.013.004.002en-US Gift of Betty Stergionen-US Balboa High School Spanish en-US en-US Club Constitutionen-US 2007.001.047en-US Balboa High School Sophmore en-US en-US All Starsen-US c. 1930en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2002.038.061.003en-US Gift of Pat Beallen-US 1964 Balboa High School en-US en-US Basketball Teamen-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2000.062.009en-US Gift of Coach Stewart Brownen-US Balboa High School Football Jerseyen-US Fabricen-US 2001.012.001en-US Gift of Marie Gibsonen-US Varsity Sweater from Balboa en-US en-US High Schoolen-US Fabricen-US 2006.009.001en-US Gift of Vicki Sizemoreen-US BHS Cheers 1945-46en-US 2005.078.005.001en-US Gift of Jo Ann (Standefer) DeLoofen-US Balboa Junior High School Students en-US en-US in Emma Walbaums Classen-US c. 1950en-US Photographen-US 2005.048.034.029en-US Gift of the Canal Zone Collegeen-US en-US 5th Grade Class, St. Marys en-US Parochial Schoolen-US en-US 1954-55en-US Photographen-US 2004.007.084en-US Gift of Pat Beallen-US Gamboa Silver School 4th Annual en-US Exhibition en-USfromen-US Canal Zone Schools en-US Photo Historyen-US 1930s-1940sen-US Photograph en-US 2011.999.148en-US Cristobal High School Girls Volleyballen-US 1946en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2002.038.059.002en-US Gift of Pat Beallen-US Cristobal Track Teamen-US 1944en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2004.007.065.002en-US Gift of Pat Beallen-US Dance Card for Nautical Dance en-US en-US Junior and Senior Banquet Cristobal en-US High School Class of 1938en-US 2004.026.016en-US Gift of Alice McGannen en-US Woman Wearing Pollera Dress en-US en-US and Governor Potter Dancingen-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2008.065.003.003en-US Gift of Edward Doolanen-US Black Marlin Caught by Skip Jacken-US December 1948en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2002.038.076.002en-US Gift of Pat Beall en-US Photo en-USfromen-US Dean Anderson and Betty en-US Lockridge Photo Albumen-US 1950en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2012.048.002en-US People Enjoying Panama Beachen-US en-US 1913en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2014.56.4en-US Ice Cream Parlor, Y.M.C.A. Culebra, en-US Canal Zoneen-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2001.095.002.004en-US Gift of Sam Beckleyen-US Colon Centennial Carnivalen-US February 24, 1952en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2002.144.en-US031.001en-US Gift of Ray and Pat Gillen-US Ernest Hallen (American, en-US en-US 1875-1947)en-US Type No.17 One Family en-US en-US House Empireen-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2003.017.013.004en-US Gift of Patricia Hall

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61 60en-USErnest Hallen (American, en-US en-US 1875-1947)en-US Tivoli Hotel from R.R. Depot Panamaen-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2003.017.021.003en-US Gift of Patricia Hallen-US Tivoli Hotel Postcarden-US 2003.014.004en-US Gift of Larry and Sue Barca en-US The Panama Planner Travel Guideen-US 2013.1.6en-US Seeing the Panama Canal by Airen-US 1931en-US 2001.005.004en-US Gift of Lee Karigeren-US Hotel Washington, Colon, en-US en-US Panama Postcarden-US 2007.001.007en-US Japanese Travel Brochure for en-US en-US the Panama Canalen-US 2017.4.1en-US The Panama Canal Crown Jewel en-US en-US of Panama Tourismen-US 2017.5.1en-US Queen Elizabeth inside Control en-US en-US Tower Locksen-US 1953en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2008.065.016.004en-US Gift of Edward Doolanen-US Airmail Envelope with Silver Seal of en-US Panama Canal Celebrating the 25th en-US Anniversary of Opening Dayen-US 2002.140.014.003en-US Gift of the Egolf Family en-US Panama Line Sailings and Rate en-US Schedules between New York, NY, en-US Cristobal, CZ and Port Au Prince, Haitien-US January 1, 1941en-US 2006.057.007en-US Gift of Carolyn Cunninghamen-US en-US Letter to All Employees from en-US en-US Governor Joseph Cowles Mehaffey en-US August 15, 1945en-US 2008.007.033en-US Gift of Christian Skeieen-US USS Ancon (ACG-4) in en-US en-US en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2000.009.020en-US Gift of Pat Beall en-US Disinterment Record, WWII Dead, en-US Corozal Cemetery, Canal Zoneen-US 2009.003.036.013en-US PBM-3S Martin Mariner Flying Boat en-US and U.S. Navy Sailor, Lying off Pier in en-US San Blas, Panamaen-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2000.009.026en-US Gift of Pat Beallen-US Aerial view of Ships at Anchor en-US en-US in Limon Bayen-US August 17, 1945en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2007.051.008en-US Gift of Patricia Bjorneby en-US Description of Events Witnessed by en-US John E. McGoff during Flag Riotsen-US January 12, 1964en-US 2004.001.006en-US Panama Canal Museum Collection, en-US Gift of John E. McGoffen-US Atlantic Side Little Theater Program en-US 2002.152.023en-US Gift of Alice McGannen-US Community Fish Fry Ticket at en-US en-US Gatun Gun Cluben-US February 22, 1940en-US 2004.026.017en-US Gift of Alice MacGannen-US Atlantic Side Fourth of July en-US 1940en-US 2004.026.011en-US Gift of Alice MacGannen-US Ed Nevilles dream house in Chorreraen-US Photographen-US 2014.49.1 en-US Parents with Kids Crossing Street en-US en-US on Registration Day at Balboa en-US Elementary School, Canal Zoneen-US September 5, 1951en-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2002.028.002en-US Gift of Bob and Marguerite Zumbadoen-US en-US Family Photo from Photo Album of en-US Dean Anderson (Canal Zone Police) en-US and Familyen-US Gelatin silver print en-US 2002.024.001.002en-US Travel and Family Photo Album en-US en-US of William L. Siberten-US 2012.062.003en-US Gift of Bill Angricken-US Christmas Card with Flaps en-US en-US Simulating Lock Gates with Shipen-US en-US in Gatun Chamberen-US 1949en-US 2002.144.020.001en-US Gift of Pat Beallen-US61en-USNina J. and Ivan L. Jenkinsen-US en-US A Flag, a Riot, and a Boy: Response en-US en-US to Life Magazine Articleen-US January 28, 1964en-US 2004.001.005 en-USTime, Inc., publisher en-US Panama City: At Canal Zone Border en-US Rioters Hoist Flag Above A Flaming en-US Caren-US fromen-US LIFE Magazineen-US January 24, 1964en-US 2014.29.1en-US Panama Canal Treatyen-US 1977en-US KZ3712.21977.A2 1977en-US Si Ballot for Panamanian Plebiscite en-US on the 1977 Canal Treatiesen-US 1977en-US 2001.002.001.002en-US Gift of Robert Bob Parkeren-US No Ballot for Panamanian Plebiscite en-US on the 1977 Canal Treatiesen-US 1977en-US 2001.021.001.001en-US Gift of Robert Bob Parkeren-US Ceremony at Ft Clayton of Transfer en-US Canal Zone to Panamaen-US Photographen-US 2009.003.019.011en-US Gift of Grover Matheneyen-US Taken September 30, 1979 Final en-US en-US Day of the Canal Zoneen-US Photographen-US 2012.082.001en-US 1999: Countdown for Panama Canalen-US 2000.087.004en-US Atlantic Side Community Farewell to en-US en-US September 30, 1979en-US 2005.027.238en-US Gift of Patricia Bjornebyen-US en-US Panama Canal Centennial Medalen-US 2014en-US Metalen-US 2015.154.1en-US Gen-USiften-US of the Friends of the Panamaen-US en-US Canal Museumen-US Medal Commemorating the en-US en-US Opening of the Panama Canalen-US 1914en-US Metalen-US 2002.023.003en-US Gift of Sara Collinge Ulrichen-US Zonian en-US[Yearbook from Balboa en-US en-US High School]en-US 1958en-US St. Petersburg Printing Co.en-US Caribbean en-US[Yearbook of Cristobal en-US en-US High School]en-US 1958en-US Yearbook Houseen-US Selections from the Homer G. en-US Cornwaithe Photograph Collectionen-US 1907-1920en-US Loan Courtesy of Dr. and Mrs. David B. en-US McMahonen-US Kodaken-US en-US Stereo Hawkeye Camera, Model 6en-US c. 1910en-US Loan Courtesy of Dr. and Mrs. David en-US en-US B. McMahonen en en-US Kodaken-US en-US Autographic Folding Pocket Cameraen-US c. 1910en-US Loan Courtesy of Dr. and Mrs. David en-US en-US B. McMahonen-US Photograph Album of Panama Canal, en-US Construction Eraen-US en-US Compiled by Bradford Norman, 1865-en-US 1950, Civil Engineer, Panama Canal en-US 2012.062.001en-US Personal Photo Album from en-US Construction Eraen-US c. 1909en-US 2001.067.001.002en-US Gift of Steve Nehring en-US Photo album belonging to en-US en-US Frederick Noblesen-US 2002.143.001en-US Gift of Helen Sheppard

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Honor Roll of Donors for the Albert H. Nahmad Panama Canal Gallery en-USAlbert H. Nahmad Panama Canal Galleryen en-US Aen-USlbert H. Nahmaden en-US en-USDedicated to the Members of the Balboa en-US en-US High School Class of 1958en-USTen-US all Wall Casesen-US en-USFen-USriends of the PCMC en-US en-US Sen-USandra A. Hummer en-US en-US In memory of Charles W. Hummer, Jr.en-US Pen-USCMC Friends of Joseph J. Joe Wooden-USRen-USectangular Casesen en-US Sen-UShirley A. Bentley en-US en-US en-US In honor of Eugene & Beatrice Averyen en-US Ken-USatherine E. Egolf en-US en-US In honor of the Bradney, Brooks, Clement, Dedeaux, Egolf, Horine, Lane, Obold, Townsend, en-US Vaughn & Wedwaldt families and friendsen en-US Cen-USatherine W. Goodrich en-US In memory of Eddie B. Goodrichen-US en-US Ren-USosemary & Allan J. McCorkle en-US In memory of Charles Sanford Hollanderen-US Ien-USrene R. McCracken-Krziza en-US In memory of Leo J. Krzizaen-US en-US Ren-USoberta Williamson-Musco & Enrico V. Musco en-US In memory of Charles Sanford Hollanderen en-US Jaen-USnet Campbell Peterson en-US In memory of Colin Dearborn Campbellen-US62en-USSen-USeal of Isthmian Canal Commission Caseen en-US Gen-USustavo A. & Nelly Mellanderen-USSen-USquare Casesen en-US Cen-USharles Mickler & Shirley Avery Bentley en-US en-US Ken-USaren Schmidt & John Deming en-US en-US en-US In honor of the Schmidt, Muller & en-US en-US Deming familiesen en-US Den-USescendants of Roosevelt Medal Holdersen-US en-US Cen-USarol F. Meyer, M.D. en-US en-US en-US In memory of the Medical Staff of en-US en-US Gorgas Hospitalen-US en-US Panama Canal Society, Inc. en-US en-US Jen-USoseph J. & Beverly B. Wooden-USBen-USalboa Bust Caseen-USSen-USharon L. De Voreen-USC ristobal Bell Pedestal en en-US Pen-USaul N. Austin en-US en-US en-USClass of 1975en-US en-US Mary Jo Aycock en-US en-US Peter D. Baas en-US en-US Hap & Beth (Lewis) Brandenburg en-US en-US Kenneth S. Brooks en-US en-US William D. Brooks en-US en-USThank you to the Inaugural Donors, the completion of the Albert H. Nahmad Panama Canal Gallery en-US would not have been possible without you. en-USMark S. Burbine en-US en-US Toen-US m Catanzaro en-US en-US en-US Class of 1954en en-US Dale S. & Betty J. Cockle en-US en-US en-US en-US Coen-USllin P. & Alberta Wilder Corrigan en-US en-US en-USClass of 1963 & Class of 1964en en-US Wen-US endy (Cotton) & Dennis M. Corrigan en-US en-US en-US Class of 1958 & Class of 1957en en-US Men-USeredyth Anne Dasburg Foundation Mary en-US en-US Lou & John H. Dasburg en-US Jen-USon L. Dedeaux en-US en-US en-USIn honor of my father, Coach Louis F. Dedeauxen en-US Debra Egolf & William E. Lane en-US en-US George R. Roberta F. Egolf en-US en-US Andra N. & Edward B. English en-US en-US Craig Firth en-US en-US Robert G. Forsythe en-US en-US Dean W. Greer en-US en-US Milton J. & Susan J. Grover en-US en-US Pen-USamela R. Gutowski en-US en-US en-US In memory of Carl & Alfhild Maedlen en-US Juen-USdy (Oberholtzer) Hebble en-US en-US en-USClass of 1968en en-US Men-USarianne (Field) Hockin en-US en-US Peen-USggy (Hale) & Dennis R. Huff en-US en-US en-USClass of 196en-US8en-US en-US Eleonor M. Johnson (Lewis) en-US en-US Christina Baas & Stephen J. Kowalski en-US en-US Renee T. Krimminger en-US en-US Patti Krough en-US en-US Jen-USane M. Martin en-US Class of 1971en en-US63en-USDonald L. & Karen R. McCullough en-US en-US Emily H. & Declan W. Murphy en-US en-US Joen-USe Oberholtzer en-US Class of 1970en en-US Patricia J. Paine & F. Lynn Skipper en-US en-US Donna (Wertz) & Wendell D. Sasso en-US en-US Martin J. & Susan (Sawyer) Scheina en-US en-US Den-USianne Geddes & Thomas Schmenk en-US Class of 1957en en-US Lillian N. & Harry W. Schwarz, Jr. en-US en-US Catherine Seaton en-US en-US Wayne & Bonnie Seeley en-US en-US Linda A. Stirling en-US en-US Ten-UShomas E. & Connie L. Stoakley en-US en-USIn memory of Elmer & Laura Stoakleyen en-US Dale W. & Mary Jane Taylor en-US en-US Een-USlaine (Austin) & Michael Vandenburgh en-US Class of 1975en en-US Edna M. Wilkinson en-US en-US Francisco M. & Antoinette Wong en-US en-US Jean E. & James J. Young en-US en-US Cen-USarol A. Ziemiecki en-US Class of 1968en en-US Alice Zimmermann Vickers en-US Cen-USlass of 1967

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en-USDesen-UScendants of Roosevelt Medal en-US en-US Holders Caseen-US en-US(* indicates Roosevelt Medal Holders) en-USSen-USusan (McCullough) Burk en-US en-US en-US In memory of *George W. Heimen en-US Karen Husum & James H. Clary en-US en-US Cen-USaleb C. Clement en-US en-US en-US In memory of *Charles C. Clementen-US en-US Oren-USrin Pierce Clement en-US en-USIn memory of *Charles C. Clementen-US Gen-USen-US en-USen-US *Thomas Geddesen-US en-US Jen-USen-US en-USen-US en-US *Thomas Geddesen-US Men-USen-US en-USen-US en-US *Thomas Geddesen-US Then-USen-US en-USen-US en-US *Thomas Geddesen-US Cen-UShris D. Corrigan en-US In memory of *John P. Corrigan, *Charles C. en-US Huber, *John J. Jackson & *Grace B. Norrisen-US Ten-US affy G. & Timothy James Corrigan en-US In memory of *John P. Corrigan, *Charles C. en-US Huber, *John J. Jackson & *Grace B. Norrisen-US Wen-US endy (Cotton) & Dennis M. Corrigan en-US In memory of *George Washington Heim, *Ernest Charles Cotton, *Charles Cotton, *Robert Lee en-US Glawson & *Joseph Aloysius Corrigan, Sr.en-US Den-USonna (Rathgeber) Crump en-US en-US In memory of *John Edward Rathgeberen-US Lyen-US en-US en-USen-US en-US *Thomas Geddesen-US Aen-USnnette (Violette) Deming en-US en-US In memory of William A. Violetteen-US Ken-USatherine E. Egolf en-US en-US In memory of *Madison Fletcher Bradneyen-US Wen-US illiam L. Egolfen-US en-US In memory of *Madison Fletcher Bradneyen-US Men-USabelle (Walker) & Martin F. Fitzgerald en-US en-USIn memory of *Gerald D. Blissen-US Paen-UStricia (Geddes-Risberg) Foster en-US en-USIn memory of *Thomas K. Geddesen-US C. Ren-USobert & Lorraine B. Gibson en-US en-US In memory of *Benjamin D. McConaghyen-US Naen-USen-US en-USen-US en-US *Thomas Geddesen-US Veen-US ra (Caldwell) Hanna en-US en-US In memory of *William E. Caldwellen-US Ricen-UShard Hern en-US en-USIn memory of *John F. Hern & *Sidney F. Mooreen-US Maen-USrianne (Field) Hockin en-US en-US In memory of *Thomas Paul Foleyen-US Caren-US ol Sergeant & Howard W. Hoover en-US Peen-USggy (Hale) & Dennis R. Huff en-US en-US In memory of *William Francis Ashtonen-US Hen-USelen J. Hummer-Haugen en-US en-USIn memory of *Charles D. Hummer & *James en-US en-US Louis Hummeren-US Caren-US ol (Peterson) & Victor H. Krueger en-US Fren-USances B. Leland en-US en-US In memory of Dixie (Dick) P. Bender & en-US en-US Elizabeth (Betty) Benderen-US Roen-USbert H. & Kathryn J. McConaughey en-US In memory of *John McConaughey, *Harvey A. en-US McConaughey & *Hugh J. Whiteen-US Den-USonald L. & Karen R. McCullough en-US In memory of *George W. Heimen-US64 en-USThen-USomas F. McCullough en-US In memory of *George W. Heimen-US Roben-USert R. & Phoebe McMillan en-US Caen-USrole (Walker) Miller en-US In memory of *Gerald D. Blissen-US Joen-USan (McCullough) & Edward Ohman en-US en-US In memory of *George W. Heimen-US Jaen-USyne (Peterson) Owens en-US en-US In memory of *Walter D. Petersonen-US Cen-UShristine (Harrison) Parrish en-US In memory of *Thomas William Harrison, en-US *Claude A. Ott, *Michael Adam Griley & en-US *Stephen C. Calviten-US Vien-US rginia (Kleefkens) & William A. Rankin en-US en-US In memory of *Bruce G. Sanders & *Alvin en-US en-US M. Rankinen-US Ken-USen-US en-USen-US en-US *Thomas Geddesen-US Cen-UShristine T. Ressa en-US en-US In honor of the Cartotto Family & the Ridge Familyen-US Juen-USdith V. Rowe en-US en-USIn memory of *Frank W. & *Frank J. Violetteen-US Cen-USheryl Peterson & Robert T. Russell, Jr. en-US en-US In memory of *Walter D. Petersonen-US Jen-USack & Karen Saum en-US en-US In memory of *George W. Heimen-US Den-USianne Geddes & Thomas Schmenk en-US en-US In memory of *Thomas Kilpatrick Geddesen-US Fren-US ed P.S. Sill en-US en-USIn memory of *Frederick DeV. Sillen-US Men-USargaret (Stevens) Spradlin en-US en-US In memory of *Harry Heath Allenen-US Then-USomas E. & Connie L. Stoakley en-US en-USIn memory of Elmer & Laura Stoakleyen-US65en-USPaen-USula D. Sullivan en-US In memory of *William Hodgson Conley, *Richard en-US Saulter Conley & *David F. Conleyen-US Baren-USbara (Geddes) Tung en-US en-US In memory of *Thomas K. Geddesen-US Steen-USphen D. & Mary Ruth (Clement) Vaughn en-US en-US In memory of *Charles C. Clementen-US Doen-USnella M. Vogel en-US Jeen-USanne (Walker) Wagner en-US en-US In memory of *Gerald D. Blissen-US Men-USen-US en-USen-USGen-USeneral Donorsen-USMen-USargaret M. Brownen-US Sydney B. & Ronald Corbett en-US In honor of Red Townsend & Virginia Townsenden-US Barbara Egolf Dedeaux en-US Curtis T. Fitzgerald en-US T. Richard & Diana R. Grimison en-US Gerald H. & Sharen W. Halsall en-US Elizabeth H. Hawley & Kathy E. McKee en-US en-US In honor of Katherine E. Egolf & Joseph J. Wooden-US Carlton L. Horine en-US Joseph P. & Lucille Kane en-US Leonard J. Maria T. Kujawa en-US Barbara L. & Jay Ambler Marshall en-US In memory of Captain Justin Bonanno & en-US en-US Jeanne Bonannoen-US Judith E. & John G. Montanaro en-US Mary Ann Tatman en-US John C. & Lana E. Watson en-US Robert R. & D. B. Will en-US Cheryl L. & Patrick C. Williams

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67 66en-USThe 2017 opening of en-USBetween Two Oceansen-US, the rst of many exhibitions en-US in the new Albert H. Nahmad Panama Canal Gallery, is a testament to the en-US vision, guidance, and contributions of the Executive Council of the Friends en-US of the Panama Canal Museum Collection. The Gallery is the realization of the en-US Executive Councils goal to raise awareness and foster greater understanding en-US of the Panama Canal and Canal Zone through exhibitions of the historical en-US resources preserved in the Panama Canal Museum Collection at the en-US University of Florida. Acknowledgement en-US67en-USThe Panama Canal Museum Collection (PCMC) in the Department of Special en-US & Area Studies Collections (SASC) is the leading research collection for the en-US study of the American era of the Panama Canal. The collection documents en-US the U.S. experience in the Panama Canal Zone and in the country of Panama. en-US To a lesser degree, the collection also preserves historical information about en-US the Canal prior and subsequent to U.S. construction and operation. SASC en-US preserves and provides access to the historically signicant and distinctive en-US materials in the collection in order to facilitate knowledge creation and en-US dissemination. As a part of the Panama and the Canal project, the PCMC en-US supports and advances the commitment of the George A. Smathers Libraries en-US to excellence in education and research and contributes to the University of en-US Floridas standing as a preeminent public research university.en-US Visit the Panama and the Canal Digital Collection at: en-UShttp://ufdc.u.edu/pcm About the en-USCollection