University of Florida Ceiling Condition: Extension Interlock The Tectonic Ceiling correlated to Program Nathalie Canate Magna Cum Laude Honors Thesis April 10 th 2018
Canate | 2 Thesis Subject: Architectural Theory Thesis Topic: The Tectonic Ceiling correlated to Program Architecture Thesis Outline Thesis statement Precedential Study o Interlocking Architecture o Experiential Architecture Architecture thesis conclusion Architecture thesis bibliography Program: Caf, Office Space, and Two bedroom Apartment Precedential Study: The techniques of Carlos Scarpa intricate details used to express the tectonics of the bu ildings components Thesis Proposal: To explore the vertical and horizontal relationship of the ceiling wall ground as the structure, a spatial composition, and most of all as a programmatic driver. To study the psychology of space tied to tectonics of architecture and describe the experience of moving through. To present the results of a study of the human act of looking up connected to the tectonics of the ceiling condition.
Canate | 3 Thesis Statement: While there are many factors that can contribute to the phenomena of looking up, it can be simplified down to its core that begins to talk about the tectonics that compose it architectural when the evidence of how it is made is seen and comprehended ( Frampton 228 Precedential Study: Carlos Scarpa (1906 1978) was an Italian architect that was influenced by the materials, landscape, and the history of Venetian culture. This paper will look at two of his works: Fondazione Querini Stampalia and Banca Popolare di Verona correlating how the joint is used in his buildings to a create a syn tax relating the ground, supporting structure, and ceiling. The thesis is mainly about the tectonics of the ceiling condition however, the ceiling cannot be address ed fully if not in conjunction with the support and ground. Scarpa was able to translate his interests in regionalism, history invention and the renovation of Fondazione Querini Stampalia, wh undercroft of a sixteenth century palace, is accessed by a lightweight bridge that acts as a kind of fixed hinge between the terra firma of the campo and the transformed shell of the palazzo (Cadwell 17) larchwood treads (Figure 1). On the railing we notice the breaks in betwee n the wood Figure 1 2017, www.archdaily.com/638534/spotlight carlo scarpa.
Canate | 4 that not only creates sound, but also a reflection of light through the spaced treads. One can trace doubling. Each piece here works to artic double of ductile laminations (Cadwell 18) condensation; as an intersection embodying the whole in the par Figure 2 carlo scarpa.
Canate | 5 Banca Populare di Verona is in the historic center of Verona, Italy and overlooks the Nogara Square and Convent Lane. Construction of this building began in 1973 and ended in 1978. In this building the ceiling is subdivided into its smaller parts that leads the eye to the salient points of the concrete column heads that pulls through the plaster ceiling. The colonettes act as linking elements (Frampton 310). In this case the column helps define and centralizes the whole space and bridges the connection literally from floor to ceiling. The t ectonics of the ceiling condition break s up the mass into its component to allow s the occupant to appreciate and understand how it is fundamentally built. From the section in Figure 3, not only can see how the building works spatially between floors in coordination with the supporting structure in the background, but also how it relates to the ground and the exterior faade. In looking at Carlos Scarpa Fondazione Qu erini Stampalia and Banca Popolare di Verona we see the importance of the joint on the ground, in support structure and in the ceiling. Figure 3 www.archweb.it/dwg/arch_arredi_famosi/Carlo_Scarpa/banca_popolare_verona/banca_pop_verona.htm.
Canate | 6 Introduction: The typical caf may seem like a very simple and straightforward space, however upon further study there is a system that organizes the program that is followed by the ceiling condition above, the tectonics of the ceiling connected to the ground condition. This creates an interesting topic of exploration: the human act of looking up, observing, speculating a space consciously or subconsciously. What makes a person want to look up toward a ceiling, to want to stop and stare? The ceiling that unconsciously moves people through a space as it links to the floor in rhythm. Other factors that could tie into include color, form, lighting. But what is the configuration and form that makes a person want to look up? The light shining through? The specific material? A combination of all of these? is t he art of bringing to the surface these conditions that normally would be left unnoticed. Architecture is an art that makes you want to look up, but more than that to touch, to feel, to pause, to continue walking through and experience. n: Extension Interlock Our project is situated in the heart of Vicenza, Italy in the Piazza del Duomo In this area the market opens and populates the street with people, creating a space of movement in the piazza. The area is surrounded by small shops and the city post office. Within this piazza is missing an important cultural Italian piece a place of rest, of pause to relax and enjoy the view of the Campanile della Cattedrale or the Cattedrale Santa Maria Annunciata a cafe The program for the project building, Extension Interlock, is a caf, office, and apartment. This would create the necessary link between the movement of the piazza and the resting point in the caf. This works to match the setti ng of the place. The setting of the building otherwise known as the context plays a key role to construct a product that fits the specific site. This way it integrates with the
Canate | 7 surrounding buildings and considers the existing conditions, cultural history, and local people to create a better place. This is a crucial factor to consider when developing a successful project in a place that responds to the local people and conditions. is the idea of space considered solely in terms of its economic and technical exigencies indifferent Frampton 8 ). In the figure below is a site analysis of different edge condition s seeing how they may relate to each other. This includes t he edges of the distinct roof condition in elevation, the edge created by the colonnade the interior store front, and the edge of the street in relation to the ground. The se edges create horizontal division s but at the same time it creates datums that run s vertically looking up between edges
Canate | 8 Interlocking Architecture The site analysis sparked my interest of the relationship between ceiling and ground and how this vertical datum can create a horizontal program. I used this to study the interior edge condition of Vicenzas cafes, seeing the relationship between the ceiling and the program. Architectural programming in this case can be defined as the scope of work or activity that determines and drives the architectural gestures in that space. I noticed how slight indentation in th e ceiling marked a difference between the bar, the workspace for the barista, and sitting areas. I also noticed how depth created by the supporting structure within the walls inform ed smaller intimate spaces to sit in. This in turn led my overarching theme of Interlocking Architecture because I noticed the pattern ceiling condition from the interior that drives the program as there is system between the program structure, ceiling, wall, floor. In this case Interlocking architecture is applied in the literal sense to begin to design a working form for the building but also an interlocking of function between the components to create the whole. All these systems work together just like in Carlos to create a working space. More than this it begins to work spatially within the building as there are variegated intersections of volumes and voids creating the intersectional spaces. I first began my building by projecting the i nterlocking theme and using the site to further inform the building form in terms of the way it functions from the inside out and from the outside in programmatically. The major movement corridors on the site was directed into the project to inform distinc t access points and at the same time create undersides of implied spaces This would bring an intimate space against the street where it is busy T he overall building form creat ed distinct programmatic spaces within and underneath the intersecting and overlapping spaces.
Canate | 9 assembly plane such that while one section ensures kinematic co nstraint in one direction, the other The horizontal axis t hat works through the building is created by the programmatic faade. In the plan it is divided into three corridors: service/movement, central, and the private/public, to organize the program and relate it vertically between each of the floors. Within th e floor plan it creates shifts as they interlock spatially and physically to slide up and past each other. In the building the ceiling condition underneath the bar (figure 4) is raised to distinguish this working space against the public sitting areas, but also at the same time reacts from ceiling to ground above as it notes the steps. The office space has double high spaces that reads up to the apartment level that sees a change in program. The individual floor themselves are multiplied to spark the intere st in people to want to look up and see or wonder what occur above.
Canate | 10
Canate | 11 The faade that responds to the interior program, so it functions in a vertical and horizontal system throughout the building creating a grid to organize the plan. The green faade on the exterior that pulls the eye up indicates the major movement system working behind, the elevator and the access point of the stairs. world The intersection of materials pushing and pulling also aids with the programmatic read on the faade. The circulation that creates an edge, a presence on the exterior.
Canate | 12 d the stairs to embody the whole in the part the tectonic condensation. The stairs in this case work are dual functional in that they also are a part of the green structure. of intersection embodying the stainless steel on the railing becomes the green faade showing the m ovement corridor that occurs on the interior on the exterior. Between the existing building and the back of Extension Interlock is a small corridor that brings light into the structure.
Canate | 13 Experiential Architecture But why does this matter? Why should architects be interested in the ceili ng? The simple act of looking up The vertical observation. This is itself a phenomenon: The emotional act of looking. Through the subtle synthesis of materials, form, tectonics, ergonomics and spatial dimension of the spatial analysis tangible and At the same time, we need to take into consideration our peripheral vision in architecture. What is t he role of peripheral and unfocused vision in our lived experience of the world ? U nconsciously the architecture eripheral vis ion has a higher priority in our perceptual and mental system So even if the person does not physically look up at the ceiling, the unfocused vision we deem as unimportant becomes just as important as what we focus on. In this case, we focus with clear v ision on the program and the ceiling leads us through our p eripheral vision that integrates us with the space It allow s the occupant to feel embraced and whole within the architecture. In this sense it can it articulate the experience of our being in the world and strengthens our sense of reality and self. Profound architecture makes us experience ourselves as complete embodied and spiritual beings. In fact, this is the great function of all meaningful art. Conclusion Overall, interlocking architecture connects the whole building structurally, organizationally, and within its details such as the building faade, stair details, and most importantly the ceiling
Canate | 14 condition. It works to create an overall experience that is c onsciously walked to be looked at, and yet not looked at, to be unconsciously experienced
Canate | 15 Bibliography: Cadwell, Michael. Strange Details MIT Press, 2007. Archweb 2 Sept. 2002, www.archweb.it/dwg/arch_arredi_famosi/Carlo_Scarpa/banca_popolare_verona/banca_p op_verona.htm. Frampton, Kenneth, and John Cava. Studies in Tectonic Culture: The Poetics of Construction in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Architecture Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts, 2007. Juhani, Pallasmaa. The Eyes of the Skin: Architecture and the Senses Wiley, 2014. ArchDaily 2 June 2017, www.archdaily.com/638534/spotlight carlo scarpa