As a way to maintain the status quo, the systematic oppression of Black people through the perpetuation of White Supremacy allowed for the manifestation and perpetuation of colorism within the African American community. Psychological trauma can include, but is not limited to mental illnesses such as Body Dysmorphia, Depression, Anxiety. Additionally, there are physically illnesses such as hypertension and high blood pressure that is also associated with colorism. The Hues of History: Colorism within the African American community Malika Macey & Dr. Vincent Adejumo (Faculty Advisor) Department of African American Studies, University of Florida, Gainesville FL 32611 Eurocentric beauty standards has dominated society for decades. In modern society, skin lightening creams and skin bleaching products are a flourishing, multibillion dollar industry. However, not everyone can achieve those standards and people within the black community are often faced with the pressure of conforming to the larger hegemonic society, allowing for the perpetuation and internalization of racism In this project, I will define colorism and terminology relating to it, examine the historical underpinnings of colorism, analyze the manifestation and internalization of colorism in the black community, and assess the psychological repercussions thereof. Convenience Sampling using a questionnaire One on one Interviews Three (3) sections: Appearance & Image; Colorism; Mental Health Status Using Qualtrics analytic software, data and graphs of each question was collected Introduction Historical Implications Colorism, also known as skin color stratification, is the valuation of individuals with lighter skin complexion over individuals with dark skin complexions, usually, within an ethnic group. Beginning with the colonization and enslavement of individuals of African descent, Black people in the United States have be ostracized, criticized and systematically oppressed for having coarser hair and darker skin. Additionally, opportunities and resources available were not easily accessible to those who were Black or descendants of slaves. Below is a list of the c oncepts addressed in this project. I am more than willing to elaborate on any of these concepts upon request. Concepts addressed (include, but not limited to): Solidarity amongst different skin tones within the Black community Although the damage cannot be undone, all of society, especially white society, must work towards the d ismantlement of the systematic oppression of white supremacy Wo rk towards the Destigmatization of Mental Health issues in the Black community. Lastly, we must acknowledge that Discrimination, Racism, and white Colorblin approach because that approach ignores and undermines the experiences of an entire group of people. Results References I personally want to thank Dr Vincent Adejumo and the Department of African American Studies for their assistance and guidance. Adejumo Vincent, PhD. Department of African American Studies. Center for Undergraduate Research. Emerging Scholars Program. what anybody -Lil Kim. Newsweek. 2000. Methods Future Steps 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Strongly Agree Agree Somewhat Agree Neutral Somewhat Disagree Disagree Strongly Disagree Total Average Stress/Anxiety Mental Health Self Esteem -Sammy Sosa. interview with reporter Tony Dandrades 1. Hunter, M. (2007), The Persistent Problem of Colorism: Skin Tone, Status, and Inequality. Sociology Compass 1: 237 254. doi: 10.1111/j.1751 9020.2007.00006.x 2. J. Camille Hall; No Longer Invisible: Understanding the Psychosocial Impact of Skin Color Stratification in the Lives of African American Women, Health & Social Work Volume 42, Issue 2, 1 May 2017, Pages 71 78, https://doi.org/10.1093/hsw/hlx001 3. Adams, E. A., Kurtz Costes B. E., & Hoffman, A. J. (2016). Skin tone bias among African Americans: Antecedents and consequences across the life span. Developmental Review 40 93 116. DOI: 10.1016/j.dr.2016.03.002 4. Golden, M. (2007). Don't Play in the Sun: One Woman's Journey Through the Color Complex Anchor. 5. Reid Merritt, P. (2017). Race in America: How a Pseudoscientific Concept Shaped Human Interaction [2 Volumes] Santa Barbara, California: Praeger. 6. Monk, E. P. (2014). Skin Tone Stratification among Black Americans, 2001 2003. Social Forces 92 (4), 1313 1337 Latin Grammy awards. 4 November 2009. MLB (Chicago Cubs). 1992 2004. Slavery Brown Paper Bag Test Doll Test Media Minstrel Shows Comb Test/Pencil Test Extension of White Supremacy Privilege Gabourey Sidibe. Elle Magazine. 2010. Acknowledgements Psychological trauma Low self esteem Appetite Loss Stress & Anxiety 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Strongly agree Agree Somewhat agree Neutral Somewhat disagree Disagree Strongly disagree Total Discrimination based on skin color influence on Mental health Average Stress/Anxiety Mental Health Self-esteem The purpose of the graph above is to show that discrimination based on skin color influences mental health to a large extent, while perpetuating Eurocentric beauty standards. The purpose of the graph above is to show that colorism does influence mental health, but not to a vastly large extent. Monk, E. P. (2014). Skin Tone Stratification among Black Americans, 2001 2003. Social Forces 92 (4), 1313 1337. One limitation of this study is that it is currently in progress during the time of this presentation. Thus, the data displayed on the charts above are incomplete. Another limitation is sample size which is contributing to some of the graphs abnormal curves. However, over the past decades, colorism and discrimination have transitioned from overt to more discrete acts which could be an other possible contributor to the abnormal curves. Also, the collection of data was intentionally left open for anyone who identified as a black individual to groups, education levels and cultures.