The professional bulletin for religious support DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Duty Spring/Summer 2014
In this issue Leadership is Everything in War Moral Leadership in a PostEverything Culture Its the Core that Counts John Donne in the Trenches Virtue Ethics The Chaplains Role in the Ethics Team Book Reviews Army Chief of Chaplains, Chaplain, Maj. Gen. Donald Rutherford Commandant, U.S. Army Chaplain Center and School, Editor-in-Chief Deputy Commandant, U.S. Army Chaplain Center and School, Managing Editor Senior Editor, Chaplain (Lt. Col.) Michael A. Milton Writer-Editor, U.S. Army Chaplain Center and School, Julia Simpkins Associate Editors: Chaplain (Col.) Mark Nordstrom Mark Johnson, PhD Chaplain (Lt. Col.) Gary Fisher Chaplain (Maj.) Renee Kiel Technical Support: Debbie Williams Chuck Heard Cover Art : Shane Whatley The Chaplain Corps Journal
W elcome to this issue of the reconstituted Journal, now with an updated the Journal: The Chaplain Corps Journal. the Chaplain Corps Journal will become an instrument of unsurpassed excellence that promotes professional number of issues related to moral leadership. moral leadership for us as Unit Ministry Teams, Chaplain from some of our writers in the Army Chaplain Corps. As we set the course of the new Chaplain Corps Editorial board that ensures that our articles are, in fact, Pro Deo et Patria Chaplain (Col.) J Welcome to our new Journal
W e are excited about the issue of the Chaplain Corps members of the Corps to this issue that is focused on moral leadership. The articles written in this edition draw our atten tion to a critical issue that is at the heart of what we do 3. Respect The powerful truth that this issue of the Army Chap lain Corps Journal explores is not just how we memo on the role that chaplains, chaplain assistants, and direc is plainly simple; increased readiness, cohesion, and a healthy command climate. For God and Country! Religious Support Starts Here A word from the USACHCS CSM
I Corps. M113 armored personnel carriers, were both manned by identical, Brummett wrote in a letter he penned thirty years afterward in 1999, was the philosophy of war as practiced by these two captains and that made all the difference. And what a difference it was: While in the 1-4 Cav I could not understand what all the protest back home was about as we were genuinely trying to win the hearts and honorably. One example will tell much: One day my tank hit a tree and said tree then fell into a rice paddy. Our captain had us seek out the farmer, apologize to him and then help him get the tree out of his paddy. 1 1 Quoted in Arnold R. Isaacs, Remembering Vietnam, Military Review, vol. XCIII, no. 5 (September-October 2013), p. 88. One land mine and a damaged tank equaled one village destroyed. One dead trooper and everyone who could be found in the village was killed. Two US KIA, two villages. A stop for lunch on a hill top was followed by shelling a distant village just for the hell of it. was tested on a village which had not offered any overt sign of hostility. The worst was the one on one barbarism encouraged by the captain and one of his platoon sergeants. Fortunately, I was the driver for the platoon sergeant of the Third Platoon who simply did not allow the worst to happen in his platoon, or at least within his sight. Our tank and its covering APC was an island of sanity in a war gone very, very mad. With thirty years to think this over it is clear to me leadership is everything in war. 2 Two units, two commanders, one war. The story the moral compass of a commanderor the absence thereofdetermines how, when, and where soldiers missions, the fact that one chose to act with restraint while the other did not indicates that there were serious of enlisted soldiers, not the professional morality of and pay close attention to the sermons that chaplains 3 2 Ibid 3 U.S. War Department, Revised United States Army Leadership is Everything in War Forty Years of U.S. Army Moral Leadership Training
twentieth century, chaplains conducted thousands of published in 1924, stated that each chaplain shall, so of the entire personnel of the command to which he morals and character. 4 This orientation lecture affords such an opportunity to assist [soldiers] himself to make this lecture effective. The history of the Army, its great leaders, its ideals of loyalty and character, the importance of the enlisted man, and the high standards of trustworthiness which everyone must maintain if the service is to be what is expected of it, are ideas which the chaplain can use as a challenge to the higher nature of the men and to lay the foundation of a healthy esprit de corps. 5 many Army leaders had been ill-prepared for the moral he distributed to all in-theater chaplains: Army here, and also of our nation as a whole, is becoming more and more dependent on highly viable and morally motivated leaders. The problems faced by our commanders in Vietnam now and in the months to come, will test their patience, ingenuity, and ability to the limit. Deeply involved in these problems are the activities, aspirations, and desperations of the men under their care, engendered by the character of todays youth. From conversation with countless commanders, I know that they are are looking to you their chaplains as never before to be their support leadership. In this crisis we as chaplains can . gain all or lose all for pp. 2, 3. the image of the Chaplaincy for the next generation. 6 memorandum to state of moral leadership in the Army. The recently went on to state: more fundamental principles upon which the war is being waged. . .This can lead to winning a battle or two but losing the war. It is an inherent and paramount responsibility of the commander to insure that practice the principles of discriminate and tightly controlled application and care of refugees, noncombatants, and wounded (whether friendly or prisoners of war. rare occasions when people around him engage in activities clearly wrong whatever remedial action is required, regardless of personal consequences. The combat commander at any level who fails to keep these considerations uppermost in his mind and in the minds of the men who serve under him, invites disaster. In my view, the validity of these considerations and their importance to us, as soldiers, are borne out in a review of the events of My Lai. 7 leaders of that era was that there were many instances of leadership uppermost in their mindscertainly Trooper commander in A/1-1 CAV did
a stark dichotomy between appearance and reality of the adherence of Commanders sought transitory, ephemeral gains at the expense of senior commanders, as a result of their isolation (sometimes selfimposed) and absence of communication with subordinates, lacked any solid foundation from which to initiate corrective action. 8 Military Professionalism was to add the subjects of interpersonal communication and professional ethics to 9 in these positions on the faculty of all the branch schools, at 10 and human relations. The road into the Army schools system initially did not what to do with this brand new resourcethe chaplain11 A few communication equipment, etc.) that there was little time to teach such subjects, so they had to be pieced in 12 recommended that the Chaplain Corps not be the proponent for moral leadership and ethical instruction and trainers only. 13 topics. 11 12 13
until 1989, with the publication of the new AR 165-1, and spiritual questions that affect the climate of the that command. 14 * Vietnam in early 1967. This unit was the only element of the 1st Armored to deploy; since the squadron did 14 12-4. Dr. Mark W. Johnson is the Branch Historian of the U.S. Army Chaplain Corps. A retired infantry lieutanant colonel, Dr. Johnson holds his PhD from the University of Albany.
Of all the dispositions and habits and morality are indispensable supports. forbid us to expect that national morality principle. can establish the principles upon which freedom can securely stand. The only foundation of a free constitution is pure -John Adams T of serious incidents across Army installations shows the root cause of these moral failures is complex, any under which to operate. There is a moral component to the commander in the areas of morals and morale tool to address the moral, social, ethical, and spiritual within the members of the Command. understood moral and ethical standards. Moral Leadership in a PostEverything Culture
the Command. To examine the relationships between selection. These truths about human nature and relationships Personal, Interpersonal and 1 At the center of more than an issue of attachment to a system a fundamental orientation of the heart, that can be expressed as a story or in a set of presuppositions (assumptions which may be true, partially true or entirely false) which we hold (consciously or subconsciously, consistently or inconsistently) about the basic constitution of reality, and that 2 122.
we understand and act on what we experience. In our the nature of a leader and shape his or her decisions and actions. 3 Virtue is clearly distinct from the modern concept of 3 Snider, 42. in any sense of moral absolutes but are selected by an Values, as we now understand that word, do not 4 4
liams, the Archbishop of Canterbury: a battle cry, and the soldier who calm st time, when it really is a life-or-death situation, in 5 quires moral effort, all that has to happen rectly to moral deformation (hence the in 5 sidious power of TV which constantly en 6 plishment we need to select future leaders based on their humanitarian support operations. pluralistic context we cannot prejudice this process but allow them free exercise or non-exercise if they chose. process.
exists and its impact on them and others. The next step lutions. The third step is moral intentions which refers to the cess is the use of case studies, particularly if these cases for the Army Profession and Ethic (CAPE) web site has a number of helpful products. In addition, Chaplains and Ethic Trainer (MAPET) course. leadership theories is the need for the leader to be selfthe empathy and respect needed to form connections with these applications. shared identity. Character is shaped in the context of or outside a real-life history of a community that carries shared story.
Common Ground Possible Topics Worldview Developmnet Postmodernism World Religions Character Formation Values and Virtues Moral Development Ethical Decision Making Laws of Armed Conict Personal, Interpersonal and Orga nizational Skills Emotional Intelligence Strengths-Based Leadership Conict Resolution Team Building Family Life Education (e.g. Strong Bonds) Stewardship/Financial Responsibility Developing a Culture of Respect Suicide Prevention Communication Skills Shared Identity Constitution and Declaration of Independence Army Values e Characteristics of the Army Profession Religious Free Exercise Civil Military Relations are and by its nature is part of the moral leadership tradition. The examples used come from my own faith 4).
purpose in life as we help them connect their story with also help them understand that their story is not isolated action. sacraments or rites, is a moral act that shapes our is confronted and shaped by the story and truth of practices and rituals such as worship. These practices Christ. The end of Christian education is action; moral transformation.
power. In addition, many of the topics discussed in the section material when it is done wisely and respectfully in a my commitment to underwrite any issues or attempt to restrict their free exercise in these cases The Army as a part of the wider American culture faces a number of moral issues: suicide, sexual harassment/ social, ethical, and spiritual questions that affect the Chaplain (Col. ) Ken Bush completed on Dec. 31, 2013. Among his responsibilites, he served as the Director of Training at the US Army Chaplain Center and School. Among his degrees he holds a Doctor of Ministry degree from Reformed Theological Seminary with a focus on Worldview and a Master of Theology degree in Ethics from Duke University. Ken served as an instructor of leadership and ethics at the US Army Command and General Staff College and is a graduate of the US Army War College.
does not merely possess a belief, but beliefs possess the the boardroom down the hall. 1 Once they [the troops] were competent in basic drill 2 Moral and conduct. future hope is her military forces, whose mission it is 3 well and inspires subordinates to well lead others in the abort the mission and yet, an act of moral failure is an to eradicate those actions which burden and facilitate operational outcome. This shift cannot occur apart from process, because it is at this juncture that moral source code of conduct, or operational principles. 4 To hone 5 Its the Core that Counts By Chaplain (Col.) Darrell E. omsen, Jr. U.S. Army Chaplain Center and School,
educational opportunities 6 to some type of catastrophic failure. Case in point: Abu prison were the consequences of both moral and that, the special expertise of the military professional 7 It is a sad day when the reputation of American Incident in Iraq, has underlined the importance of the moral dimension in military leadership. 8 Most Americans will question and curse any moral moral failure. Bad decisions made by those who dawn military forces connected to the heart of America and America connected to the heart of her military forces. who care to be the best at what they do, accept the is one of those measures, and the Army Chaplain is both that mission requirement. 9 illustrates that the Army Chief of Chaplains is the proponent for Moral for the Army Profession and Ethic (CAPE) has the opportunities, the Army Chief of Chaplains ensures that 11 leadership. 12
2 4 ducive to peace, stability, and a suc 8 Seiler, S. (2011). Developing Moral DecisionChaplain (Col.) Darrell Thomsen is the director of Capabilities, Development and Integration Directorate at the U.S. Army Chaplain Center and School. ChaplainThomsen is also the author of The Propensity Principle: A Practical Approach to Positive Leadership.
Y OU THEN entrust to faithful men 1 who will be able to teach others disaster. 2 pires were obliterated as the laid waste to the politically corrupt and morally infect ed Roman behemoth 3 be continent. 4 Thomas Ca hill authored an important and Roman Empires across entitled, How the Irish Saved Civilization. 5 title is explained by the fea tured historical stars 6 Allan Bloom and his Closing of the American Mind 7 Amusing Ourselves to Death 8 own day called postmodernity. Born out of enment and a secu larism that re jected the older Judaic-Chris and norms of allowed a free for all other re postmodernity 9 10 John Donne in the Trenches Moral Leadership and the Chaplain as the Living Repository of Western Civilization By Chaplain (Lt. Col.) Michael A. Milton U.S. Army, Reserve
culture pre piano tudes of Chopin. 11 If one is unable to identify Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained as an ancient Chinese dynasty. This is the crisis that we face. Israel and, for instance, the story of the African-Amer focuses the soul on what it is to be human, or allows the troubled mind to wrestle openly with theodicy, or the ment of war. It is here that I would call attention to the fact that the chaplain has a unique moral leadership responsibility and their families. 11 help the soldier acquire a taste for popular culture). I am faithful traditionsmuch of which is represented with and hope to our Army and Army families. Music and teaches it but it teaches it in such a way that we can reach only music and literature can do. The Apostle Paul did this. In Acts chapter 17 the Apostle Paul appealed to the philosophers of the Athe nians. In other places he appealed to the poets and ters one and two, the Apostle Paul tells Timothy, who about Paul from many witnesses, should be entrusted to others who are faithful so that they too can pass the torch of truth to others. Thus, Paul enters into a rul sented here is that we can do that not only with the sa cred text, but also with the sacred truth embedded in the and literature. but informal ways. 12 It is best done indirectly, not di rectly. The chaplain must be careful not to be conde professional) pathway for the chaplain. It is critical to re Examples abound. 12
unnecessarily tedious separate sermon on the intro 13 in 14 There, 15 chaplain time and study and preparation, but that is why the chaplain is called. Devotions Upon Emergent Occasions Together with Deaths Duel 16 to identify with the time tested way, and a way that popular culture is inca on what it meant to be human, what it meant to be a 13 > 14 2000. 15 corpus of classical lit did or that the Realists did. 17 that the writer understands the present time to be compa rable to that intimate access to history itself, which is a product rarely is example, and what is actually required today. 18 The cul tural IQ, 19 (and my 18
21 music 22 history, 23 and art 24 25 and their families need not be subjected to classes in 20 21 22 23 24 25 life as a model for others to see, a human in need of the realities that we face in this world. The soldiers see. souls of the soldier as he whispers a poem to himself: No man is an island, Entire of itself, Every man is a piece of the continent, A part of the main. If a clod be washed away by the sea, Europe is the less. As well as if a promontory were. As well as if a manor of thy friends Or of thine own were: Any mans death diminishes me, Because I am involved in mankind, It tolls for thee. Chaplain (Lt. Col.) Michael A. Milton has served as a chaplain in the U.S. Army Reserve since 1992. He served previously as a top secret lin guist for the Naval Security Group. Chaplain Milton earned the Ph.D. from the University of Wales, planted two churches and was senior pastor of the historic First Presbyterian Church of Chattanooga, Tenn. while remain ing active in the USAR. He was elected as the fourth President/Chan cellor of Reformed Seminary (RTS) and now serves as a speaker for Truth in Action Ministries and the president-senior fellow of a think tank. He is a Training and Doctrine Command instructor/writer at the U.S. Army Chap lain Center and School.
T he question that presents itself in Virtue Ethics 1 This article will explore conclusion, the article will address the role of the Chap the nation, the Army and your subordinates before your 2 sets aside his or her own interests and accomplishments the defense of a woman who was about to be stoned to death in John 8:4-11. 3 As did Jesus, 4 Perhaps a more important question is how do ordi before his own. Virtue Ethics By Chaplain (Col.) James Palmer Post Chaplain, Fort Jackson, South Carolina
5 surd. mere means to the happiness of others. 6 The interest rather that he pays little or no attention to his own hap the wide concern of morality. 7 sible life. quires a warrior to face an ultimate sacrifice for a 8 9 ness.
11 Only the her husband established himself professionally. 12 13 riors, especially their leaders, should be trained to dem will often decide either life or death for their subordi cation for warriors, the best way to conduct this sort of 14 required to adhere to.
15 The chaplain is 16 to assist their command Chaplain (Col.) James Palmer has served 22 years in Army. Current ly, he serves as the Garrison Command Chaplain for Fort Jackson, South Carolina. He holds a Doctor of Ministry degree from Regent University with a focus in Leadership and Spiritual Renewal. Chaplain Palmer served as an instructor of ethics at the Army Logis tics University and completed U.S. Army War College Senior Service College Fellowship Program at George Mason Universitys Institute of Conict Analysis and Resolution.
E thics and morale leadership are topics with which all chaplains should be familiar. After all, AR 165-1, to the commander in the areas of morals and morale as who they are and what they do. This article will help them do just that. cadets. These moral leadership classes consisted of instruction in the principles of the Judeo-Christian 1 and leadership. 2 The subject Much of this education was mandated by commanders. compulsory attendance at chapel until 1973 3 4 3 Ibid, 133 4 Ibid, 41. post modern deconstructionalism which questioned current norms, authority, and traditions. 5 ership within the Army decided that ethics should be lain Corps was pressured to become the proponent for fastly refused to be the proponent for ethics educa commander as they had always done. 6 Today, there is some confusion as to who is the proponent for ethics in the Army. There are a number espoused ethics instruction. These include the Center 5 Ibid, 4143 The Chaplains Role of the Ethics Team By Chaplain (MAJ) Sean Wead Ethics Instructor; ThM, DMIN Command and General Staff College
at ethics concepts in future operation as espoused in 7 needs and responsibilities at the tactical, operational, and direction. responsible for the ethical climate of their unit 8 ; the staff code of military Justice (UCMJ); and chaplains, who, and are the primary ethics instructors and subject matter an ethical component. 9 in the Army. support this role. This is understood in two ways. One, ethical principles must underpin the professional nature of the Army: to use deadly force in accordance 10 11 the Constitution, the distinct functional necessities of 12 Two, commanders should insure an ethical climate 13 This can the complexity of leaders who more than often carry the success of the unit. 14 This is the primary interest in occasional wartime atrocities our forces commit. The temptation for the Army as a whole is to drop the ethical pretext of the profession. This can be a both the Japanese warrior codes 15 and the addition of 11 12 13 14 15
technical chain that insures attention to moral and ethical 16 The 17 explain the theory behind the law and simply focus on compliance. 18 Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). The structure of those in power. 19 This is a necessity within the context 21 18 20 21 2002, 18. problematic where adherence to the rules sometimes supposed to enhance. Thus, commanders become more 22 A last friction is that laws are sometimes immoral as can be 23 in Army ethics. The Chaplain Corps replies to the 24 Therefore, chaplains 25 26 Chaplains approach the professional ethics of the 22 23 24 25
Besides moral leadership practiced within the unit, the Army. There are twenty-two ethics subject matter facilities. The practical answer is about money, experience, and of ethics in only one year instead of the two or three also practitioners of ethics and moral direction, which essential to any theory and study of ethics. Therefore, when it comes to teaching ethics theor y, chaplains are uniquely equipped to study and guide discussions in this area. Nevertheless, they are only part of a larger team focused on morality and ethical deliberations. Each brings their own mode of application. For the staff judge advocate, the imposition of sanctions based law is their method. Chaplains practice a type of spiritual direction, Commanders concern themselves with both character development and ethics, as they relate to the military profession. The ultimate goal is to make a better individual who is morally grounded and can serve the state and its mission to win wars and secure an honorable peace. To be sure, every soldier is involved in moral dilemmas and is responsible for ethics in the Army. USACHCS (CH) Walter Reed AMC War College USAASACH (ADA) CGSC SGM Academy Army Ethics Instructors, ASI: 7E Current Utilization
Chaplain (Maj.) Sean Wead is the Ethics instructor at the U.S. Army Command and General staff College. Chaplain Wead holds a Masters of Theology from Princeton Theological Seminary and a Doctor of Ministry from the Protestant Episcopal Theological Seminary.
Haddon W. Robinson, Biblical Preaching: The Development and Delivery of Expository Messages, 3 rd Ed. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2014. pp. 244. ISBN 978-08010-4912-5 S ome preachers preach for an hour and it seems like thirty minutes; others preach for thirty minutes and it seems like an hour. I wonder what the difference is? (ix). This question has driven Haddon Robinsons passion for preaching for over half a century. Dr. Haddon Robinson is a noted preacher, writer, as well as arguably the most prominent teacher of preachers of the past century. Biblical Preaching has been an academic standard in preaching for over 3 decades, has sold over 300,000 copies, and is used as a stan dard textbook in over 100 seminaries. The third edition has updated formatting and various new exercises at the end of the book that reinforce the content presented. Preaching is a skill that can be lost or it can be honed for greater effectiveness. Biblical Preach ing is a basic textbook that provides a founda tion for preaching expository messages. Rob dynamics of the living interaction involving God, the preacher, and the congregation, despite the to consider on the outset, so that readers begin pository preaching as, the communication of a biblical concept, derived from and transmitted through a historical, grammatical, and literary study of a passage in its context, which the Holy ence of the preacher, then through the preacher, applies to the listeners (4-5). Throughout the rest of the book Robinson lays out a compre clarity is needed there are student exercises for each chapter. Though it is not original to Robinson, he cham pions the importance of having a clear Big Idea a single idea that is drawn from the text and sup ported in the sermon. Clarity is paramount in preaching and this book will help the preacher distill the truth of the sacred text and present it in a way that connects. Robinson draws on various preachers and communication experts through out the book supporting his point. The purpose of the sermon is addressed through the use of de velopmental questions. Various questions must be asked of the textual idea: What does this mean? Is it true? Do I believe it? So what? and What difference does this make? (67). These questions help shape the purpose and direc sermon coaching and evaluation. Whether you are a novice or a seasoned communicator, Bib lical Preaching will have something for you. Review by: Chaplain (Maj.) Brandon Moore, the Homiletics Subject Matter Expert at the U.S. Army Chaplain Center and School.
I n the book, Mis sion at Nuremberg: An American Army Chaplain and the Trial of the Nazis, author Tim Townsend takes us back to the world of small town parson, Henry Ge recke, turned city mis sion director prior to World War II. This hard working, and very energetic, Missouri Synod Lutheran pastor thrived in every challenge of ministry including preaching, radio and even prison ministry. Little did he know the events of the coming war would test all of these abilities and more in the center of one of the most closely watched events of the twentieth century. After seeing both of his sons leave for combat an Army hospital as it moved from the States to surrender he expected to go back to Saint Louis but instead was asked to put his life of mission, prison and hospital ministry to an even greater test; to become the prison chaplain to the most hated men in the world. the holocaust. Though quite intimidated by his new assignment Chaplain Gerecke threw him self into it with the same dedication he demon strated during his previous two and a half de cades of ministry. Tim Townsend does a good job of portraying the challenges Chaplain Gerecke and his col league Chaplain Sixtus OConnor, Roman Cath olic Priest, faced as they provided religious sup port to these infamous prisoners of War. The ac counts of confrontation and confession are grip ping and a bit surreal. These narratives make this an important read for those who face todays challenging ministry environment. Not surprisingly Chaplain Gerecke was, and because of the way he pastored these men and intervened on both their behalf and their families. The book also notes that after the trial Chaplain Disappointingly Townsend also delves into Jewish and Christian teaching on the question of evil and God. Here the author raises a number of questions but provides little insight. It seems that Townsend, a journalist, would be well served a treatment of theodicy see Thomas G. Longs, an important book that raises many issues that Chaplains today should consider as they train for future wars. Review by Chaplain (Lt. Col.) Brian Crane, Execu torate, U.S. Army Chaplain Center and School
Pastors Handbook Dr. John R. Bisagno Forward by Pastor Rick Warren W here was this book when I was in seminary and serving Dr. John Bisagno is well known in the Southern Baptist Convention. The longtime Minster of the 1 st Baptist Church This was a follow-on book to Letters to Timothy: A Handbook for Pastors which Dr. Bisagno penned after retiring from the 22,000 member 1 st Baptist Houston. Pastors Handbook has 160 brief chapters on issues from the role of the Pastor as as Preacher just to name a few. He deals with the land mines of Church Staffs and Church shy away from hot button issues such as Internet Pornography, Abortion, Stem Cell Research, and his views too conservative but it will challenge one (as it challenged me) to examine many of the issues facing our society and the Church today. Dr. Bisagno mentors young Pastors by dealing with the many challenges facing a profession with an extremely high dropout rate. He encourages and gives wise counsel about carving time out for ones own spiritual care and development as well as time for the Pastors family. Whether you are a Chaplain Candidate or a Chaplain serving in the National Guard, Army Reserves or active duty there is much to be learned by reading this book. Review by: Chaplain (Col.)Sam Boone, U.S. Army, retired. Chaplain Boone retired in 2010 after a 38+ year Army career, twenty four of those years as an active duty Army Chaplain. He now serves as the Director of Quality Assurance, Safety and Environmental Compliance at the US Army Chaplain Center and School, Fort Jackson, SC.
Satisfy Your Soul, Restoring the Heart of Christian Spirituality, Dr. Bruce Demarest D r. Bruce Demarest, longtime professor of theology and spiritual formation at Denver Seminary, has written this book as a guide for spiritual formation. Dr Demarest discovered in his vast study of theology that there remained a lacking in his spirit for the presence of God in his life. Not a lacking for belief unto salvation, but a yearning to know God on a deeper level than his theology as an intellectual pursuit was able to take him. He participated in a six-week program at the Roman Catholic Benedictine Abbey Renewal Center in Pecos, New Mexico. There he learned about the Desert of Avila and others. Dr. Demarest also became familiar with the modern Christian mystics, such and Brennan Manning, calling for a return to spiritual formation. Dr. Demarest also describes the struggle that he has as an evangelical reaching to the Christian mystics of the past to embrace a deeper relationship with God. His previous experience had taught him that sound doctrine and theology God. Reaching to spiritual contemplation and meditation were a stretch for him. He writes this book with the assumption that he is not the only one who may have felt in their spiritual journey that there was a hunger for God not completely met by the intellect but a yearning of the heart to know God. In the Army context with Comprehensive of a meaningful way to strengthen the pillar of spirituality in the lives of those who serve our nation in the Army. Admittedly it does not reach across all religious traditions, but no single resource will. However, it does provide a useful as we labor to heal physical, mental and spiritual wounds encountered during the war on terrorism. Two chapters in particular appealed to the care to the caregiver initiative of the Chief of Chaplains, chapters seven and eight. In chapter seven Dr. Demarest describes the use of Spiritual Helpers (also known as mentors) who serve as guides and directors to others on their spiritual journey. He also describes the usefulness of redemptive counseling, pastoral care, in helping people and psychology can work together to foster healing in the lives of hurting people. I believe this book can be a useful resource for Chaplains and those we serve as we labor to heal spiritual wounds. Review by Chaplain (Maj.) Michael Jeffries, Family Life Instructor, U.S. Army Chaplain Center and School.