Citation
Civil report of Major General John R. Brooke

Material Information

Title:
Civil report of Major General John R. Brooke U.S. army, military governor island of Cuba
Translated Title:
Informe civil del general de división John R. Brooke, ejército de EE. UU., Gobernador militar de la isla de Cuba ( spa )
Creator:
Cuba -- Military Governor (1899 : Brooke)
Brooke, John Rutter, 1838-1926
Place of Publication:
Havana
Publisher:
[publisher not identified]
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
1 online resource (3 volumes in 1) : plates, portraits, folded map ;

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
1899-1906 ( fast )
Politics and government ( fast )
Política y gobierno ( qlsp )
History -- Cuba -- 1899-1906 ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Cuba -- 1899-1902 ( lcsh )
Cuba ( fast )
Genre:
History. ( fast )
Historia ( qlsp )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title./ Título de portada
General Note:
Continued in his "Final report, 1899." / Continúa en su "Final report, 1899.".

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
UF Latin American Collections
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services (UFDC@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
1034803394 ( OCLC )
36100375 ( ALEPH )
Classification:
F1751 .C97 1899 ( lcc )

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TABLE OF CONTENTS:


VOL. 1.

Report of Major General John R. Brooke, U. S. A., Military Governor.


Report of Brigadier General Adna R. Chaffee, U. S. V., Chief of Staff.


Report of Major Edgar S. Dudley, U. S. V., Judge Advocate Division of Cuba.

VOL. II.

Report of Dr. Domingo MWndez Capote, Secretary of State and Government.


Report of Sr. Pablo Desvernine, Secretary of Finance.


Report of Sr. J. A. Gonzsilez Lanuza, Secretary of Justice and Public Instruction.


Report of Sr. Adolfo Sienz Yaflez, Secretary of Agriculture, In (1ustries, Commerce and Public Works.


VOL. III.

Report of Brigadier General J.ames H. Wilson, U. S. V., Commanding the Department of Matanzas and Santa Clara.


Report of Brigadier General Fitzhugh Lee, U. S. V., Commanding the Department Province Havana and Pinar del Rio.








Report of Brigadier General William Ludlow, U. S. V., Commanding the Department of Havana.


Report of Brigadier General Leonard Wood, U. S. V., Commanding the Departient of Santiago and Puerto Principe.


Report of Major Tasker H. Bliss, U. S. A., Chief of Customs Service, Division of Cuba.


Report of Major E. F. Ladd, U. S. V., Treasurer, Island of Cuba.


Report of E. G. Rathbone, Director General of Posts, island of Cuba.










































































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MAJOR GENERAL JOHN R. BROOKE, U. S. A.
Alilitarl- Governor of Cuba.


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Civil Report
OF

MAJOR GENERAL JOHN R. BROOKE,

U. S. ARMY,

MILITARY GOVERNOR

OF CUBA.


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IIPIADQARTEiRS DIVISION OF CUBA, HAVANA, CUBA,
October 1, 1899.
Th Adjutaid General,
United AStates A rmty,
Wasinqton, ). C'.
SIR:-Upon my arrival at Havana. on December 27th, 1898, it was found advisable to at once publish the orders assuming connand of the newly created Division of Cuba, and the assumption of the duties a.n( prerogatives of the Military Governor, in compliance with the orders of the President, as published in General Orders No. 184, Headquarters of the A rmy, December 13, 1898, to wit:
GENERAL O(t)1uIts, HEAIQtTARTERs OF 'THE ARMY, A(jtt(od General's Office,
No. 184. WI slungton, Deem her 18, 1898.
The following order has been received from the War Department:
"By direction of the President, a division to be known as
the Division of Cuba. consisting of the geographical departments and provinces of the Island of Cuba, with headquarters in the City of Havana, is hereby created, under command of Major General J.ohn R. Brooke, U. S. Army, who, in addition to command of the troops in the division, will exereise the authority of military governor of the Island.
Major General Fitzhugh Lee, UT. 8. Volunteers, commanding the 7th Army Corps, is assigned to the immediate comrmand of all the troops in the Province of Havana.
Major General Jfilliamn Ludlow, U. S. Volunteers, is designated as the military governor of the City of Havana, and will report direct to the division commander. He is charged with all that relates to collection and disbursement of revenues of the port and city, and its police, sanitation, and general government, under such regulations as may be prescribed by the President."
R. A. An-aER,
Secretary of War.
The travel enjoined is necessary for the public service.
By Command of Major General Miles:
H. C. CORBIN,
Adintanui General.




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Whereupon the following order was issued from these headquarters, to wit:
GENERAL ORDERS, HEADQUARTERS DIVISION OF CUBA.
No. 1. 1 Havana, December 28, 1898.
In accordance with the order of the President, as published in General Orders No. 184, dated Headquarters of the Army, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, December 13, 1898, the undersigned hereby assumes command of the Division of Cuba, and by the requirements of the same order will exercise the authority of Military Governor
of the Island of Cuba.
JoHN R. BROOKE,.
iMajor General,
United State Army.



Also to announce the staff of the Division Commander, to wit
G GENERAL ORDERS, HEADQUARTERS DIVISION OF CUBA.
No. 2. 5 Havana, December 29, 1898.

The following officers are announced as the staff of the
Major General Commanding the Division of Cuba:
Major General Adna R. (,hafe, UT. S. Volunteers, Chief
of Staff;
Major James T. Dean, Chief Ordnance Officer of Volunteers, Acting Aide de Camp;
Captain Frank B. McKenna, Assistant Adjutant General
of Volunteers, Aide de Camp;
Captain Jame.s A. Campbell, Assistant Qartermaster of
Volunteers, Acting Aide de Camp;
First Lieutenant Charles IV. C(>tle, 16th Infantry, Aide
de Camp;
Lieutenant Colonel William. V. Richard6, Assistant Adjutant General of Volunteers, Adjutant General;
Major Lyman 1'. E- Kennon, Assistant Adjutant General of Volunteers, Assistant Adjutant General;
Lieutenant Colonel Edgar S. Dudley, Judge-Advocate of
Volunteers, Judge-Advocate;
Brigadier General Charles F. Humphreq, U. S. Volunteers, Chief Quartermaster;
Lieutenant Colonel Taker H. B'i&s, Chief Commissary
of Subsistence of Volunteers, Chief of Customs Service;
Lieutenant Colonel Abiel L. Smith, Chief Commissary
of Subsistence of Volunteers, Chief Commissary;
Lieutenant Colonel Robert l. O'Reilly, Deputy Surgeon
General, Chief Surgeon;
Major George R. Smith, Paymaster, Chief Paymaster;










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Colonel Hoary H, C. Dovroodp, Assistant (o'hief Signal fficer, Chief Signal Officer.
BY command of Major ( eneral Brooke:
L. W. V. K:NNON,




Brigadier General Omvold II. I t, U. S. Volunteers,
was directed to report to the Major (cneral Coln Ialdilnlg, by paragraph 29, Special Orders No. 299, series of I'S98, Bendquarters of the Army, and was assigned as lspector General of the Division under General Orders No. 17, current series, Headquarters of the Army, and (eneral (rders No.
2, current series, these headquarters.
Tt was found that considerable confusion, incident to the withdrawal of the Spanish troops and replacing them with the United States troops, existed, but no untoward event occurred. however, as every precaution was taken to maintain order. The gradual withdrawal of the Spanish troops and the advance of the United States troops continued, until the ioriling of the 1st of January, 1899, found but few Spanish troops in the city. and these went on board transports, which movement was completed about 12:30 P. M.
Outside of the principal towns the retiring Spanish Army was closely followed by the Cuban Army, which took charge of the towns and country, maintainingor(er, and, generally, performling police duty. This state of affairs continued, substantially, until the final disbandment of that A rnv. Thc disbandment of the Cuban Army was comnmenced in November. 1898, but only such as could procure work or were anxious to resume their foriner vocations seen to have taken advantage of the "Licencia" (furlough) which was given to many. A large part of the Army was held together oil various pretexts until the distribution of the $3,000,000 and the giving up of their aris effected a final disbandment. During the time the Army was held together as an organized body the police duties performed seemed to be well done and order was preserved.
The spectacle of an army of, according to the rolls. 48. 000 mien being peacefully dispersed among the people has for its prototype the disappearance of the great Volunteer Army of the Jnited States in 1805. In neither case has there been any great disturbance as was feared in both cases, and particularly so as regards the Cuban Army. The small attempts at brigandage were quickly suppressed, the law breakers placed ill prison and the courts are now hearing their cases.
On January 1st, 1899, a division of the 7th Army Corps. under the command of General Fitzhugh Lee, General Keifer's division, was brought to the city, and, with the regim inents on duty in Havana under the cormrmand of (lenera.l William Ludlow.







4


were so placed as to insure good order during the ceremonies of the relinquishment of sovereignty by Spain, which occurred in the Governor General's Palace at 12 o'clock noon, where were assembled the Captain General and his Staff, the United States Commission with its officers, the American Military Governor with his Staff, and nine Cuban Generals as his guests. This ceremony was simple in its character, though very impressive, consisting of a formal speech by the Spanish Governor General, which was replied to by General Wade, the Chairman of the United States Evacuation Commission, who, in concluding his remarks, turned to the Military Governor and transferred the Island of Cuba to him, who, thereupon, entered upon the full exercise of his duty as the Military Governor of Cuba; of course, the gathering into his hands of all the duties of his otlice took time.
The desire of a large body of the Cuban Army to take part on the 1st of January in the ceremonies of the relinquishment of sovereignty by Spain was reported, verbally, by General Ludlow, nd he was informed that the danger to life and property was too great, and that the celebration must be postponed to a time when the excitement had cooled off and the passions of the people could be under control. This celebration afterwards took place on the arrival in the city of General Mctximo Gomez, Commander-in-Chief of the Cuban forces, on February 24th. General Ludlow was directed to meet General Gomez at the city limits and show him every courtesy possible. The Quinta de los .11olinos, the summer residence of the Governor General, was placed at his disposal and for several months he, with his staff and escort, occupied the houses and grounds as the guests of this Government.
The civil bureaus of the Governor Generalcy were taken over by officers of the Military Governor's Staff, and held by them until the proper civil officials could be selected and appointed.
On this day, January Ist, was published the following proclamnation:
"HEADQUARTERS DIVISION OF CUBA,
Havana, January 1, 1899.
To 'r HE PEOPLE OF CUBA: Coming among you as the
representative of the President, in furtherance and in continuation of the humane purpose with which my country interfered to put an end to the distressing condition in this Island, I deem it proper to say that the object of the present Government is to give protection to the people, security to person and property, to restore confidence, to encourage the people to resume the pursuits of peace, to build up waste plantations, to resume commercial traffic, and to afford full
protection in the exercise of all civil and religious rights.
To this end, the protection of the United States Government will be directed, and every possible provision made to carry out these objects through the channels of civil admin-




I


istration, although under military control. in the interest and for the benefit of all the people of Cuba, and those possessed of rights and property in the Island.
The civil and criminal code which prevailed prior to the
relinquishment of Spanish sovereignty will remain in force.
with such modifications and changes as may from time to time be found necessary in the interest of good government.
The people of Cuba, without regard to previous afliliations, are invited and urged to co-operate in these objects by exercise of moderation, conciliation, and good will onie toward another, and a hearty accord in our humanitarian
purposes will insure kind and beneficent government.
The Military Governor of the Island will always Je
pleased to confer with those who may desire to consult hiiii
on matters of public interest.
JOH-IN I. .BRmo I,%
JIajor Uenerad, Comnandiny Iivisiriu o/ Cuba,
and Military Governor."

In carrying into effect the design of conducting the governnent through civil channels, it was found te be necessary to reorganize the various civil departments or seeretaryships. whici was done by reducing the number and combining several departments under one head, except the Finance Department, which was not combined with any other. The order announcing the organization of the civil departments is as follows:

"IfEADQUARITERS DIVISION OF CUTBA,

Havana, January ii, 18f!.

In pursuance of the authority vested in hin by the President of the United States, and in order to secure a better organization of the civil service in the Island of Cuba, the Military Governor orders that hereafter the Civil Governmient shall be administered by four departments, each under
the charge of its appropriate secretary, as follows:
First: The Department of State and Government;
Second: The Department of Finance:
Third: The Department of Justice and Public Iistructioi: Fourth: The Department of Agriculture, Commerce, Industries and Public Works.
Public records and property will be transferred and rearranged accordingly.

ADNA R. CHAFFEE,
Major General of Voluntecrs,
Chief of Staff.




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GENERAL JUHN R. BROOKE. U. S. A., IN COUNCIL \WITH H1S SECRFTARIES.





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and distributed under the direction of the Coni111and ing Generals of departments, through such agencies as they established; while in the cities the distribution was generally conducted by an officer of the Army. The result of this action was the immediate lowering of the death rate, the restoration to health of the sick, and a general chatige for the better was soon apparent. Medicines were also supplied for the sick with most beneficial results. Employment was given to those who could work, and they were paid weekly, so that they might have money to buy food. In fact, no effort was spared to iFelieve the terrible condition in which so many thousand people were found.
It may be well to give a synopsis of a letter received from a distinguished Cuban General, who has recently returned from a trip through the four western provinces, which he made at my request, and who was fully advised as to the conditions when the Spanish authority was withdrawn, viz :
A state of desolation, starvation and anarchy prevailed almost everywhere. In Santa Clara, with the exception of the municipal district of Cienfuegos, agriculture and trade had practically disappeared. For this reason, and on account of the number of reconcentrados, mendicants and criminals, the most complete political, economic and social chaos prevailed. The country roads, mail service, public instruction and local governments were in a state of almost complete abandonment. Matanzas Province was in a worse condition, the City of Matanzas having been the worst sufferer among the cities. The Province of Havana presented a similar aspect; and in Pinar del Rio, the war had caused its greatest havoc, about 30% of the population having disappeared.
Turning to the present conditions, we have in view such a change that the progress seems incredible. A great part of the inprovement dates from the month of May, when the muster-out of the Cuban Army removed a great source of distrust. The extent to which have been carried the cultivation of the fields, the reconstruction of homes, the re-establishinent of order and public service, especially in the matter of hygiene ii the towns, is something wonderful.
As regards agricultural conditions in Santa Clara, it appears that the eight months drought has caused scarcity of food, but not misery. In the tobacco and sugar-cane districts the work of reconstruction is proceeding so rapidly as to promise prosperity in the near future; but in the districts devoted to cattle raising almost nothing has been accomplished. The Province of Matanzas is the most backward in the restoration of agriculture, as the condition of the sugar estates and the want of the necessary capital, makes progress very slow. The Province of Havana has progressed the most of all, on account of its proxinity to the centre of wealth of the Island, and to the seat of government, which causes a feeling of confidence that attracts capital. The Province of Pinar del Rio has changed from a state of hopeless desolation to one of unexpected prosperity. The tobacco lands of the Vuelta Abajo region are being thoroughly ex-







8


ploited, and the rapidity of the crops and high prices for the leaf affect directly the promotion of commerce and the reconstruction of the towns.
As to the economic condition of the municipalities of the western provinces, on the first of .January it was one of complete bankruptcy. Every possible means of taxation had been used and exhausted, but on account of the corrupt and centralized methods, little benefit had ever been derived therefrom by the communities. It is still impossible for then to fulfill their obligations without assistance from the State, but if the system be modified so as to allow the municipalities greater liberty of action, tile greater part will be able to meet their expenses with their own resources. In the Province of Puerto Pri neipe, I understand that breedi ng cattle are being introduced. As this province was mainly devoted to cattle raising before the recent war, it may soon be able to resume in a small way.
At an early day it became necessary to announce that civil officials, however appointed, would le retained in their positions, and that the Military Governor would make all such appointments in die future; see order of February 1st.
Upon inquiry as to the internal revenues, it became apparent that the country was even more impoverished than was thought to be the case, and it was then decided to remit all taxes due and remaining unpaid on January 1st; see order of February 10th. In the inquiry made to ascertain what internal taxes should be determined upon, there was a project proposed to take a census of the Island, in order to give clear and definite information oi which to base a tax system. and correspondence was had with the War Department without result. It was, therefore, necessary to go forward with the best obtainable information, which resulted in the order of March 25th, and which can only be considered a temporary arrangement, as the condition of property was generally at its lowest valuation, and taxes could only be expected from such sources as had not been destroyed, and, it may be said, that the restoration of agricultural property and its products is only being commenced at this time. This was an interruption of this inquiry only, which resulted in the order of March 25th, by which the laws and the distribution of taxes were changed, the main object being to relieve unnecessary and unbearable burdens at the same time, by giving to the municipalities certain state taxes to recompense them for the loss of those taxes which came from those the least able to pay. and which were, in fact, in the highest degree oppressive and brutal.
The matter of financial aid in sanitation, repairs and restoration of public buildings, maintenance of police, aid to niunicipalities, etc., etc., involved a large expenditure of customs reven ues, and it became necessary to establish a system of accountability, which was perfected by the Treasurer of the Customs Revenues, Major Ladd, and as Treasu rer and Auditor, the accounting, under this system, was continued until the 1st of July, when the system prepared by the War Department was placed in operation.
In reorganizing the courts, great difficulties were encountered.







9


The time required to inaugurate the system now existing was very great, considering the extent and present population of the Island. Great care was taken to avoid the establishment of a system not suited to this people or to tile laws to be administered by these courts. It is believed that these objects have heen met by the action taken. The existing laws are peculiar, in that a modified law, if great care is not taken, miay have such conicetion with former laws as will, practically, nullify the modifleation; hence it is necessary to examine tile law in all of its past history. It may be well to state here tliat. at one time, a project for a revision of the laws of Cuba was conidered, but as time passed it was found to be better to meet each case of modification, or change, as it arose. This has been found to be the best course. The Secretary of Finance has undertaken to write a full digest of all the laws of Cuba in all their branches, and when this is completed, I believe it would he wise to revise and codify the existing laws and to modify o change them as may he found necessary. The work of revision and codification is one that will require considerable time, and the employment of experienced lawyers well acquainted with Spanish laws, and with a knowledge of the maiy changes which have so frequently been made by Royal Order or Decree, and which are nowhere collected, and are only to be found in the l0icial G(azette, which itself is not now obtainable, except as found in the hands of parties who have retained copies thereof.
In the organization of the courts. the difficulties attending the selection of the judges are much the same as in the United States. The practice of law is too remunerative to many very able men, and these cannot he induced to forego their practice; the field for selection in thus eircummscrihed. Despite this, it is thought the appointees are of high character and attainments, and it is hoped the courts will, in so far as it depends upon them, change the opinion of tile world as to the purity and uprightness of their work.
The difficulties which had hitherto existed in time way of obtaiming prompt trials and eifective justice bef'we the courts, were found to be due more to the imetlods of procedure and personnel of the courts than to a lack of remedies in the existing laws.
The Law of Procedure, in criminal cases especially, had all the defects of those ancient systems where the rights of men were but little regarded, and it lacked those methods of modern times whereby the humblest citizen, as well as the most powerful, may be protected in the enjoyment of his just rights and personal freedom.
Those remedial writs which give assurance to the Anglo-Saxon of the preservation of his personal rights, and of the right to securely hold his property, were found lacking.
Through a system of the payment of the municipal judges and the subordinate employees by fees receive(], particularly in criminal cases, instead of by regular salaries, there vere established schemes of collection of additional illegal fees which be-







10
came a regular part of the system; and so accustomed had these officials become to it that it was impossible to secure speedy transaction of business, or even to obtain justice, without the payment of extra fees demanded, and unjust judgments were often secured through false or partial record of the Escribanos who wrote up the cases which were to be presented to the courts.
It will require time to thoroughly educate these officials to the fact that a public office is a public trust and not a place to be used for personal gain.
With the changes already made by the abolishment of the "Incomunicado" system, the payment of regular salaries to the judges, officials and employees of the Supreme Court and of the Audiencias and to Judges of First Instance, and the payment of salaries likewise to municipal judges, clerks and employees not now salaried, which is now under consideration, this opportunity for corruption will disappear. These, with other changes and reforms now in contemplation, and the re-organization of the personnel of the courts, made or now in progress, will tend to reform past methods and place the judicial system of the Island upon a more honest and satisfactory basis.
The question of finance, as relates to the restoration of crippled and destroyed agricultural industries, is one which has occupied a great deal of attention on the part of this government. It is evident that assistance in the way of repairing the roads and bridges, as well as to municipalities in their present irnpoverished conditions, is a necessity, and the most pressing wants in this direction have been met by granting money from the revenues of the Island.
There is every reason to hope that the municipal revenues will meet all requirements as soon as agriculture is again on its feet, and there will, doubtless, be some changes in the present tax law made. In this connection, it is well to know that planters and small farmers in the tobacco growing districts are rapidly recovering from their forlorn condition; the quick growing crop and the remunerative prices have enabled them to restore, in a measu re, the lost cattle, mules and implements necessary to the farmers. There is, also, a desire to use labor-saving devices, which are now being slowly introduced.
In the cane growing districts the progress is slower.
The large capital necessary to the economical production of cane sugar precludes the small farmers from entering this field, at present at least, though it is possible that in the future small farmers will grow sugar cane in those sections where the soil is favorable and sell it to the "Centrals.'' The quick returns from the tobacco and food crops will, it is believed, deter many from entering upon cane growing. As soon as the favorable sites for fruit growing are occupied there will be found large profits in the foreign trade produced from this source. The drought, which has prevailed this summer, has been a sad drawback to the people; their small crops have, largely, failed; the cane crop has been affected by it, particularly in the new cane, which has, it is reported, not been successful. Within a few days past there




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11

have been rains, but not in all parts. Those parts where the rains fell have been mauch benefited. though they came too late to save the early crops of corn and vegetables, but it is now thought the winter crops give promise for an abundance.
The expected advent of the rainy season in May prevented the commencement of vork on the repair of roads and bridges. it being deemed better to wait until later. Some of the roads have been repaired, the macadamized highways and some of the country roals near the coast vest of Havana; surveys have been commenced on other roads and are still in progress, and, it is hoped, these will be in condition to move the crops when they are ready for market.
The collection, care of, and( uses to which the revenues of Cuba, derived from customs, are treated in the reports of General Chaffee, the Chief of Staff; Colonel Bliss, the Collector; and Major Ladd, the Treasurer.
General Chaffee was placed in charge of the details of the uses to which the revenues were applied, and his report shows in extenso the working out of the problem of the public funds, and the reports of the Department Commanders recite the benefits derived from this expenditure.
In the reports cf the commanders of the various departments of the Division on civil affairs, it is recommended that their reports forwarded direct to the Adjutant General, copies of which were appended to the military report from these headquarters, be considered also. In this way a full understanding of the affairs treated in both reports can be obtained. In these reports it will be found that opinion differs as to what should have been done, and it is undoubtedly true that the conditions differed somewhat in each command. An effort was made to obtain some concert of action and the Department Conimi anders were assembled at Division Headquarters on June 1st to confer with the Division Commander and with one another. Unfortunately, the conference was without result. The differences were irreconcilable. The Division Commander was obliged to take such action as the conditions in each department seemed to demand and the finances permitted. In carrying out this purpose it was necessary to exact compliance with the necessary regulations and the greatest economy as well. In the matter of sanitation a wide latitude was permitted, but in other matters it has been, and is now, most imperatively necessary to reduce the large amounts of money which have been heretofore allotted. The reasons for this are well known to the authorities and it is not necessary to revert to them here. It is believed that the revenues have been properly applied and in the best possible manner. Much has been accomplished in a sanitary way, much suffering has been relieved, many sick taken care of, and, at this time, asylums and hospitals are being supported from these revenues to the full extent of the needs, so far as I am informed. In the way of systematic and concurrent action by the Commanding Generals of departments, attention is invited to the letters addressed to them on the subjects of food supply, care of







12


the sick, furnishing medicines, etc., and to their relation to the conduct of civil affairs. Copies of the orders modifying or changing the laws are also appended; the orders appointing civil officials are included in these.
Many requests have been made by the planters and farmers to be assisted in the way of supplying cattle, farming implements and money; the latter to enable thenfi to restore their houses. The matter has been most carefully considered and the conclusion reached that aid could not be given in this direction. The limit has been reached in other means of assistance to the verge of encouraging or inducing pauperism, and to destroy the self respect of the people by this system of paternalism, is thought to be a most dangerous implanting of a spirit alien to a free people and which would, in carrying it out, tend to create trouble by arousing a feeling of jealousy in those who would not receive such aid. It should be understood that the full amount of the revenues would not be sufficient to meet all demands of this kind, even were this the only objection to the scheme. The real solution of this question of furnishing means to those who need this kind of aid, is through the medium of banks, agricultural or others; through them and through them alone, it is believe(], means now sought from the public treasury should be obtained. In this system of loans, which can be under the scrutiny of the banks or associations from which loans are secured, lies the only apparent solution of this much talked of source of assistance. This system would not destroy or impair the selfrespect of the borrower; he would not be the recipient of charity, but a self-respecting citizen working out his own financial salvation by means of his own labor and brain. From information on the subject, it is believed that there is enough capital lying idle in Cuba to-day to supply all that is needed, were the capitalists assured as to the future.
The scheme of those who urge this system of assistance to agriculturists by the use of the revenues of the Island is that, as appears in the papers submitted, very cumbersome and expensive governmental and other machinery must be organized to carry it out. It is believed that the workers of farms will have obtained through other and more satisfactory channels the assistance needed before this system could be put to work. One feature of this particular scheme, is that it will require five years to work it out, possibly more.
A scheme to create an association or bank, which desired to have the incentive of the exclusive right to make such loans in Cuba, could not, of course, be granted and, as the scheme was based .on this monopoly, the projectors withdrew it when they found that no monopoly could be obtained.
Personal applications have been received from people, who are the owners of large estates, for assistance in the way of loans, cattle and implements, the interest to be nominal and payment to he made at a time beyond that indicated in the matter of extending the time for the collection of mortgages, viz: two years. Another feature, which has a vital bearing on this matter, is







1I


that the revenues of the Island are about $1,163,000 per month, and out of this there is an expenditure of about $917,000 per month, without considering the necessity now becoming imperative for the improvement of harbors, building docks, repairing roads, etc., etc. It is well to state here that the receipts of cattle to June 30th were 187,138; July 1st to October Ist, 100,997. It is fair to assume that the greater number of these are vork cattle.
In fact, the era of prosperity appears to be at hand; all that is needed is to have capital satisfied as to the future conditions, and this being reasonably assured, there can be no doubt but that the fertility of the soil and the industry of the people will work out a happy solution of the problem.
I wish to call particular attention to the statistics accompanying General Chaffee's report, in which call be found, grouped in a manner easily understood, the financial operations of this miilitary government; also certain statistics relating to the affairs of the municipalities which present their conditions as told by the mayors, and which show, in the districts from which intelligent reports have been made, that the United States flag is an actual "advance agent of prosperity." In fact, the rehabilitation of the Island requires a reasonable time to recover from a condition similar to that presented by the country between Washington and Richmond in 1865.
The report of Colonel Bliss shows how well the collection of customs in Cuba has been done. The amount received and the continuation of the monthly average of receipts, certainly show that there is a demand which continues and which evidences an increasing prosperity, to which only, can this condition be ascribed.
The cost of collection is a fair indication of the careful supervision of the Customs Service. At least one light draft steamer, suitable for these waters, should be added to the Collector's equipment. Complaints of depredations on the fishermen living on the keys are made and of invasion of the reserved fishing rights of Cubans by outsiders, which might be prevented if a vessel of this class could be supplied.
The report of the Treasurer and Auditor necessarily ends with the last fiscal year. The work of this officer has been performed in the best possible manner; the accounts have been arranged by him and, it is thought, his system has proved to be most suceessfUl, though the Auditor's work has not yet been completed. The confusion which prevailed during the early days of the occupation of Cuba by the Army of the United States, and the want of training in the way of keeping accounts according to the Army methods, made the work of the officers assigned to duty as disbursing officers of the Cuban revenues very difficult for them. Of one thing we may be assured, that the money entrusted to them has been honestly disbursed, even though the technical accounts may have some irregular features. I cannot too highly commend Major Ladd's zeal and ability.
TFhe constant and able work of Major Dudley, Judge Advocate, has been of great service to the Military Governor,. relieving







14


him of a great amount of research and the necessary and comprehen sive deductions. The ability of this ollicer in matters of law was recognized by the War Department when he was transferred from his own department to that of the Judge-Advocate-General. His report will show the extent and value of his constant labor.
The quiet severance of Church and State has been effected by the fact of the Government of the United States being in control. Certain changes have already been made in the laws, and others will follow in due course; this without violating the legal rights of the Roman Catholic Church, which was the only religious denomination tolerated in the Island, except a small body of Baptists.
The important subject of schools is now approaching a solution. The present system will be improved upon, but it will require time to develop fully a good school system throughout the Island. There are no school houses, anl under present conditiois, there can be none bnilt for some time to come. It is hoped that a manual training school will be opened as soon as certain repairs and changes can be made in the Spanish barracks at Santiago de las Vegas, a short distance south of Havana, in which about 600 of both sexes can receive instruction at one time. This form of instruction is more important, under the conditions found to exist, than the ordinary instruction given in the other schools. As conditions improve, an opportunity can be given to increase the number of these schools, and by their means introduce modern methods more rapidly than by other systems.
The Island has been remarkably free from yellow fever this season, the outbreak at Santiago being the only serious occurrence. At Puerto Principe there have been a number of cases, but it could not be termed epidemic. In Havana there
have been a number of cases, but, in comparison with past records, it may be considered that this city has had very few cases. Every effort has been made in the way of sanitation to prevent its occurrence, or, if it came, to stamp it out by vigorous measures of isolation and thorough disinfection. The duration of the dangerous season is supposed to include October and, possibly. November, but it is certain that cases occur at all times of the year and in most unexpected places. One of the possible remedies for the existing endemic conditions would seem to be a complete system of sewerage, which will be very expensive, owing to the diliculties attending the proper disposition of the sewage, and the reconstruction also of nearly all the dwellings. These remarks apply, in a sense, to all the towns in Cuba, differing only in so far as topographical and water supply conditions affect various localities.
The recent occurrences in Havana show a bitter feeling against the Spanish population. This feeling appears to be general throughout the Island, but has not had such open and pronounced expression as in this city. This indicates clearly that time alone can heal the animosities which exist as a result of war and what preceded war.
The kind of government to be established, and when, is not a




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GENERAL, MAXIMA) GONIEZ AND HIS STAFF.





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15
subject which the Military Governor believes to be a natter which can be discussed in this report, if at all. Obviously, this must be determined by higher authority, to whom such matters properly pertain.
It is, however, proper to say that the people of Cuba will do well to refrain from political agitations, devoting themselves to the material matters in the redemption of their Island from the ravages of war, and the building up of agricultural, mineral and other resources, which will make a rich and prosperous people, who can then, by means of the experience gained during their apprenticeship, hope to meet the problems of the day with some hope of a happy realization of their dreamu of freedom. The way may be long and difficult, but the overcoming of these difficulties will depend upon the people themselves.
CUBAN ARMY.
Mr. Robert P. Porter arrived at Havana on or about January 30th, with letters from the Secretary of War, which explained the object of his visit and indicated the desire of the President that Mr. Porter be aided in carrying out the purpose of his coming. After a conference with the Military Governor, in which the purpose of his visit was fully made known, arrangements were hastily made for the journey to his destination. At Mr. Porter's request, an officer of the Military Governor's Staff, Captain J. A. Campbell, was directed to accompany him. On his return Mr. Porter announced the success of his mission and left almost immediately for Washington. A note to General Golnez was taken to him by Mr. Porter, in which the General was cordially invited to come to Havana and confer with the Military Governor as to the distribution of the $3,000,000 which had been allotted for the purpose of aiding the soldiers of the Cuban Army to return to their homes, and, so far as was possible, to enable them to reestablish their homes and resume their vocations. General Gomez replied, saying that he would proceed to Havana at an early day and that he would do all in his power to accomplish the purpose.
General Gomez reached Havana late in Febrmary and, after several conferences with the Military Governor, a plan was determined upon to distribute the money among the Cuban soldiery. The money in the meantime arrived, was placed on an Army transport and safe-guarded by a strong detachment of United States Infantry.
The Cuban Army Assembly was in session during this time and developed a strong opposition to General Gomez, which delayed the preparation of the rolls of the various bodies of troops. Finally, the Assembly deposed General Gomez by abolishing the grade he occupied. This created a serious delay, as the data on which to base the rolls was under its control and could not be obtained. The Military Governor continued to recognize General Gomez as the representative of the Cuban Army. The plan determined upon was to give to each officer and soldier one hundred dollars ($100.00), but when the rolls were obtained, it was found that they gave the number of officers and men as forty-







16


eight thousand (1 S,00). All attempts to ascertain if this number was not excessive proved unavailitg, and it was then determiined to omit the officers and such of the soldiers who had been employed under the Military (Tvernment as rural police clerks, mechanics, or in any other lucrative employment. This reduced the number below forty thousand (40,000). The amount to be given to each man was seventy-five dollars ($75.00). The procedure agreed upon for the detail of the distribution was that the money would be disbursed by paymasters or other officers of the United States Army, aud that a Commission, having charge of each party going out to miiake the distribution, consisting of one officer of the United States Army anod two officers of the Cuban Army, should be selected by the Military (overnor and General Gomez; that their names should be announced in an order issued by the Military Goverior. lud that the different parties would be assigned to certain districts iii which certain designated Corps of the Cuban A rmy were to be found. When all was ready it was found that the Cuban Comniuissioners decli ned to serve and the distribution was made without their aid.
The rolls were not obtained uIH after the dissolutionl of the Assembly, which had continued in session for a long time, considering the proposition received by them for the creation of a. loan of a large amount of money with which, it was stated, it expected to make some partial payment of the debt due the Cuhan Army. This project fell through, finally, and the Assembly dissolved.
In the distribution of the mionev to the Cuban Army great difficulties were encountered ill idtentifying the men. Many of the men whose names appeared on the rolls could not be found, and many were found whlto seemed to possess evidences of service an d whose names were not on the rolls. These could not receive an y money and much dissatisfaction was caused, there being no possible basis for the disbursetients but the rolls, which were, on the face of them, authentic.
It was also agreed that, if any money was left after all oil the rolls had received their distributive share, certain umaimed and destitute officers should receive a share of this money. General Gomez was requested to ascertain whotm these officers were and furnish a list of them with their residences, so that they could be reached, but he did mnot thiuk lie could do so. The General was reminded several timites that this list, had not been received, that the close of the distributihmt was at hand, and finally, lie was informed that the wotk would cease om a certain date and the balance on hand would be returned to the Treasury of the United States. The niotey was returned on the date specified and the officers did not receive any money.
During the course of this distribution somle badly wounded and necessitous officers weme known to receive from the men liberal contributions which were voluntarily made; also that some widows received assistance in the same way.
The conferences with General (omez were, principally, verbal, and only such tmemorauda were kept as would enable an intel-




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17
ligent carrying out of the arrangements agreed upon. The amount of labor given to this matter and the time consumed was out of all proportion to the work in hand, but the interference by the Assembly was largely the cause of the delay. All the expenses attendant on this distribution have been paid from the reventies of the Island.
During the tinie occupied in the distribtiotn of the money, a force of clerks, tnder the direction of (I general Rololi, Inspector General of the Cuban A rmy, was em ployevd in preparing certificates of discharge. a statement of service and amount de to each officer and soldier, the expenses of which were paid from the customs revenues. 'ies papers ari to he distributed to those oI whom they pertain: the manner f doing this has nlot yet been deteriniiled upon.

SECRETARY OF STATE AND GOVE NMIENT.
Attention is invited to the report of the Secretary of State and Government, stated in which will be fonid the duties of this departient and its im portant connection wit h the various branches of the government in the provinces.
It will be seen that steps are being taken to establish municipalities on a proper basis, they being tie foundation of the governmental structure, granting all necessary powers which may be required in addition to those they now posses" lnder the law to enable them to conduct their affairs along the lines which all free governments find to be essential to the proper maintenance of liberty. In this matter the first steps, the reorganizing of the municipal governments under existing law as to their personnel, have been taken, with the exception that the principal officials have been appointed by the Military (,Iovernor, and the members of councils by the Civil G(overnor. in both of which the wishes of the people were, as far as possible. ascertained and recognized. In some instances there were good and sufficient reasons for not appointing certain candidates. Iin most, eases the Commanding Generals of departments were asked to report upon time candidates under consideration.
The statistical matter, which is emubraced in this report, is very interesting and gives remarkable information, which will open the way to a, knowledge of the conditions in Cuba not otherwise so well portrayed.
The institutions which come under the care of this departwent are those over which governments usually exercise an absolute or supervisory control.
SE, ETARY O FINANCE.
In the report of the Secretary of Finance there will he found an exhaustive review of the condition of this department, which, it is recommended, be most carefully considered. It gives a clear insight into the operations of the department under the existing conditions and the restrictions placed upon it without any change being made in the law.




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In the Proclamation of January 1st, last, the laws in effect on December 31, 1898, were continued in force until they should be modified or changed. The order of the President establishing the customs service in Cuba, was issued December 9th, 1898, and the laws regarding the collection and control of the customs revenues, in so far as this branch of the Finance Department was concerned, were, therefore, changed by the President. The same order fixed and regulated the coasting trade. Notwithstanding those facts, I would ask for the remarks of the Secretary of Finance that consideration, from their being undoubtedly an expression of the views on this subject of a great many prominent and able residents and natives of Cuba, the gravity of the matter demands. In this report will be found most interesting information as to the lands, mines, forests and other resources of Cuba, and in which will be found also reference to the laws on those subjects.
It is thought some action in the line of the suggestions of the Secretary can be taken by the Military Governor, which will enable him to have a complete statistical knowledge of the whole financial condition.
SECRETARY OF JUSTICE AND PUBLIC INsTRUCTION.
In the reorganization of the departments of government, made by the order of January 11, 1899, the Department of Justice and Public Instruction was constituted. That portion of the former Department of Grace, Justice and Government, relating to government, was separated from it and transferred to the Department of State, whilst the Department of Public Instruction, which had hitherto been a distinct and separate department, was added to the Department of Justice.
As a result of this reorganization there has been a more economical administration of affairs secured than existed under the old regime. A large reduction in expenses was made in his department by the Secretary of Justice and Public Instruction, as may be seen in his report:
The work of this Secretary has beefi transacted under many difficulties, due to the difference of language used by the governing power and by, the people, and the necessity, therefore, for translation of all papers coming before the department from English to Spanish, or vice versa; and also of all orders issued affecting the administration of the laws, or changes therein, to be published in both languages. Where questions arose or were submitted in one language it was necessary to translate, and perhaps to discuss, them in the other.
The work of translation involved in the order for the establishment of the Supreme Court was particularly difficult, because of technical legal terms employed in each language, which were difficult of translation with the same meaning one into the other. This has been found to be the case in other orders, and it is for this reason that many of the Spanish terms and names are retained in the English version.
The same difficulty was experienced in reorganizing the Au-




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diencias, and that of the "Tribunal Local Contencioso Administrativo.'
The organization of these bodies had to be so made as to adjust them to the existing systems of laws, with such modifications in the interest of the better administration of justice as could be made without creating discord. It was found that changes in any particular form of the laws or institutions in existence affected other parts of the system of government or the laws, so that those proposed were necessarily subject to careful consideration as to their effect upon the existing system. and consequent delays occurred before being adopted.
The jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, and of the Andiencia, the rules of procedure before these courts, and the functions of the "Tribunal Local Contencioso Administrativo," are stated by the Secretary in his report.
The difficulties under which the personnel of these courts was selected, due to the condition of affairs existing in the Island, are portrayed, and also the reasons for the change of certain boundary lines, and of jurisdiction of some of the courts, are given.
In addition to the work of reorganization of the courts and regulation of the laws of procedure, various modifications of existing law, which were necessary, were acted upon after examination by the department, one of the earliest and most important being the separation of the State and Church by taking from the latter, and transferring to the former, powers formerly possessed by ecclesiastical courts in matters relating to divorce and nullification of marriage, and in the requirement that hereafter only the civil marriage would be legal: these are explained by him.
In addition to the above, questions of modification of the law of libel, pardon for offenses against the Spanish Government prior to January 1, 1899, for certain persons under Army and Navy jurisdiction, and for offenses against the so-called electoral laws; authorization of notaries to make their own translation of documents and holding them responsible for correctness thereof; and extending the time for registration of births not registered on account of the war. are among the matters also acted upon by the Secretary.
THE BUREAU OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION.
rile absolute necessity for immediate action in connection with questions arising in the branch of justice of this department, and the urgency thereof being greater than that demanded in the branch of public instruction, and as reforms in this bureau could not be introduced so as to be applied before the following scholastic year, many matters relating to it were postponed. A project for reorganization of primary instruction is now being prepared and will soon be acted upon. This is one of the most important tasks of the Bureau of Public Instruction. Orders, however, have been issued abolishing the fees paid to the government for issuing academic and professional degrees of any







20


kin d; abolishing the Bureau of Pensions for retired primary teachers, with all its personnel; dissolving the relations which existed between the University of Havana and other institutions, with similar institutions in Spain; abolishing the practice of "jubilacion." whereby professors who had passed the period of activity vvire accustomed to appoint substitutes for themselves, taking part of their salaries, themselves residing in Spain or elsewhere; revoking leaves of absence with half salary which had been granted to teachers by Spanish authority, just prior to its relin(gnishment of control, for periods extending to six months and a year; the promulgation of an order prescribing terms by which foreign degrees might be accepted by the University of Havana to enable persons to practice professions in Cuba; such. briefly stated. are the changes thus far made in this bureau.
As indicated throughout the report, the work of this departmient has been very great, and if all has not been accomplished that could be desired. yet difficulties met have been overcome, and a progress made that seemed impossible when the task of gove'nment of this Island upon principles of justice to the people and equal rights to all men, was begui, January 1, 1899.
SECRETARY OF
A;RICULTIURE, COMMERCE, INDUSTRIES AND PUBLIC WORKS.
The scope of this department is quite broad and covers several important industries, as well as the public lands, forests and mines. The statistical information added to the special report called for by the Secretary of War, gives an insight into the resources of this Island, which is of great value. The amount of work which has been (lone in reorganizing and equipping this department, like the other three, has been very great. In spite of all the difficulties, the department has finally completed its organization, and, as soon as the various portions have gained that familiarity so necessary to a proper understanding of what is required, it will be of great value to the Island. Up to this time, its main work has been (lone in the way of taking over the light-houses from military control, sending its engineers out to make surveys of roads which will need to be repaired before the )e')ple of the sections they penetrate can again reach the markets with their products. This course of action was decided upon early, but it was not thought possible to prosecute to advantage the work during the rainy season, which was supposed to commence in May and continue until October. Unfortunately, much valuable time was thus lost. Preliminary surveys will be made of harbors to determine what can be done to increase their value as ports. In fact, the work done by the Engineer Corps of the United States Army is to be performed by this department in so far as Cuba is concerned. The work actually done is the restoration of the great nacadamized highways, replacing bridges, rebuilding and repairing light-houses, arranging for building others at dangerous points on the northwestern coast, notably near which the French steamer "Versailles" went ashore. In fact, the







21

vork of this department now extends beyond its legitimate limiiits. because of the inability of the various sections to repair roads and bridges, which inability is caused by want of resources. This condition will pass away when the agricultural and other rural industries are restored, part of which restoration depends upon the condition of the public roads.
DEPARTMEN'r OF POSTs.
The report of the Director General of Posts shows the linancial condition of the postal service. The work done by this department has been very great. The complete organization o a postal system is, practically, what has been successfully acconplished. Of course, there is still much to do, which can only be (lone in time. The department deserves commendation for its work, which is most cordially given.
In closing this report, I desire to make acknowledgment of the able support and assistance received from the ollicers of the Division StafY, both in the military and civil administration. Their adaptability to the various requirements is an evidence that the officers of the United States Army, brought up tinder our institutions, are so thoroughly imbued with the system of our free government that they are seldom found unequal to any task entrusted to them. Their readiness and comprehensive adaptability on all occasions is the result of the home training of the American citizen.
Where all have acquitted themselves so entirely to the satisfaction of the Military Governor, and to the honor of their profession, it is difficult to particularize among them. I cannot refrain, however, from specially mentioning General Chatfee, General Ernst, Lieu tenant-Colonel Richards, Major Dudley, Major (now Colonel, U. S. Volunteers) Kennon, Major Hickey, Major Rolfe, Captain Page, Captain Dean and Lieutenant Castle, Aides de Camp; also for their able conduct of, and laborious diuty in, the supply departments, Lieutenant Colonel Humphrey. Chief Quartermaster, and Major Abiel L. Smith, Chief Conimissary. Major O'Reilly, Chief Surgeon, has ably conducted his department, and Colonel Dunwoody has shown marked ability in organizing the signal corps and perfecting the telegraph and telephone systems throughout the Island.
To those officers of the line, staff and medical department, who have been so earnest and efficient in the work of disinfection and sanitation, to which is largely due the present healthful cou hition of the Island, and whose names are not all known, the appreciation of their labors is mst gratefully ackno I lodged.
I anm, Sir-,
Very respectfully.
JOHN It. BR(OOKE,

Major General,
Military Governor.





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HEADQUARTERS DIVISION OF CUBA,


-aanu, Joauwry 7, 18f99.
To //;c ("'Milndmlqn Gfeneral,
Drpaween of P'inar del Rio,
Pinar de/ Rio, 0u.
C EN ERA L:
I am directed by the Major General Commanding the Division to invite your attention to the reported need of food by a large number of the people of the Island. He desires that you inquire into this matter at once and investigate fully the condition of the people as regards the matter of food supply. In all cases where you may find destitution, you will immediately relieve it. In this connection, your attention is invited to the enclosed extract from G. 0. 110, A. G. 0., Washington, August 1, 1898, specifying the ration to be issued to ("uhan destitutes. You will please understand that all able-bodied men needing food will be given work, as soon as practicable, on the repair of roads and sanitary and other public works. They will be paid fair wages in United States money. but this cannot now be paid weekly 'for the reason that the funds are not available. It is not proposed to furnish work to those people who remain in Cuba and retain their allegiance to Spain. Men who are offered work and refuse to work should not be fed. On investigation of this matter you will show, by timely estimates of funds. the necessities of your department, remembering. however. that the funds for this and for other purposes are limited at present. You will exercise a wise discretion in the distributiOn of food; it is better to make an error on the side of humanity always. Medical attendance and medicines will always be afforded and given where necessary. Please keep these headquarters fully advised as to all conditions in your department at all times, and to this end you will acquaint yourself with affairs by an active use of the means at hand. For the present, and until proper arrangements are made for remission of customs revenues to 1avana, or disbursement of same at port of collection, sub-collectors must understand that they will be held to a strict accountability under executive order of December 9th, 1898, to the Collector of Customs for the Island for all funds received by them.
Very respeti,1ilhy,
ADNA It. (1IIAFFEE,
Major Geaerai, U. 8. V oloidcc s,
Ciief of Staff.


















VAR DEPARTMENT,


AD.JUTANT GENERAL's OFFICE,

Wash1?ingtfOJ, A ugust 1, 1898. GENERAL ORDERS,
No. 110.

EXTRACT.

7. The ration for issue 'o troops of the Cuban Army and to Cuban destitutes, will consist of the following articles:


oz. bacon, oz. flour, or 16 oz. tbs. coffee, (green) tbs. sugar, qts. vinegar, lbs. salt, oz. pepper, lbs. soap.


corn meal,



r to 100 rations.

I


8. Separate abstract of issues (form No. 40 Subsist cem Departuent) will be Made of issue to troops of the (uban A rimy, to Cuban destitutes and to prisoners of war.


8
12
6 10
2
4
4
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HEADQI ARTERS DIVISION OF CUBA,
Hwanam, January 26th, 1899.
Tn Commnnndinq General,
Departinent of 3Iatanzaw.
SIR:-The Commanding General of the Division directs me to acknowledge receipt of your letter of January 21st, enclosing report of Board sent by you through the Province of Matanzas to inquire into the condition of the people, etc. I am directed by the Division Commander to inform you that since January 10th, the following number of rations have been shipped to your department for distribution to the destitute. These rations are sent to you to be distributed under your direction. with due inquiry as to where most needed and with such aid of societies of citizens as you may establish. In the distribution of rations by Mr. Gould throughout the Province of Matanzas let it be understood that some sort of labor was to be performed for the benefit of the community in return for these rations, and it is believed that much useful work might be secured under proper management. The rations sent are as follows:
To Matanzas, January 10th, 50,000.
Again to Matanzas, two days ago, 175,000, transferred to the Quartermaster at this place yesterday, to be shipped to the following places:
Torriente. 12,000 Cabezas 15,000 Jagiley. . 15,000 Corral Falso. 15,000 Alfonso X II. 15,000
The foregoing in compliance with your request of January 21st.
If no arrangement has been made by you for the distribution of the rations at the last named places, it should be attended to, as the stores should be at their respective destinations within two or three days, perhaps sooner.
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
W. N. RICHARDs,
Assistant Adjutant General.












IIMADQUARTERS DIVISION OF CUBA,
11(ivumt, jtne 71h, J89!).
The Coaonanding General,
Dpartmeut of the Iroinee o1
Hfavanf a)),( Pia el R'w.
Sin:
The Division Commander directs me to inform vou that the Chief Commissary of the Division will turn over to such officer as you may designate to receive them and make the distribution, 282,000 Cuban rations, the amount of the two estimates herewith returned. I am directed to call your attention to the fact that from December to April 27th, about four months, there were issued to the commission in charge of the distribution to 54 towns in the Province of Havana. 537,850 rations. Your estimate for the month's supply amounts to 282.290 rations. Dr. Fenley, in his final report, says:
"From the local information that we have obtained from our connection with the different towns of the province, we consider that there is no longer a pressing need for food, excepting amounts to some number of sick men, women and children."
The number of rations issued by the Committee (luring the four months to the towns mentioned by yo are inserted in brackets for comparison. It would seem as necessary that very thorough inquiry be made regarding the necessity for issue of rations to the destitute, and that this inquiry .be made as frequently as possible. Comparisons in some cases are very significant, indicating a marked increase, rather than a diminution, of destitution. Attention is invited to the fact that these estimates are for June, and that the first week of the month had about expired before these headquarters were informed that rations would be required for issue. Information on the subject should be gathered immediately, and an approximate estimate of the number of rations required for the month of July forwarded as soon as possible.
Very respectfully,
AnNA R. CILAFFEE,

.ifiadi efo General,
Chtief of Sta#.

















H'le(, Jao oy.-, 189o.

The omimaicul CIwall, O S.1


Sanob/ Chowa.

on:
Referring to your endorsement respecting the quantity of Cu1all rations oil hand if your department, dated June 27th. the Division Commander directs that you render to these hea(dquarters, as soon as practicable. a return showing the quantity of Cuhan rations on hand in your department, and where same are located.
You report a million nations of bread and less than half that amount of other components of the ration. Please explain, for the information of the Division Commander, how this great discrepancy in the component parts of the ration has ocnrredl.
I am also directed to say that the transfers of subsistence stores of the Army to Cuban rations must not he made at any station in your department WVitout the authority of the Division ColnmandeI being first obtained.
It is impossible to keep an account of the condition of the Cuhan rations issued, without its ueing uder the direction of the Division (C'ommander, and he insists that hereafter his instruetions he asked for respecting the natter of obtaining supplies for ree distribution, and that his directions in the matter shall he observed.
Very respectfully,
A DNA R. C HFFEE,

hriu Chi f of Staj,).


lilt\I~jmARTERx O)\IHN



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IIPADQUARTERS DIVISION OF CUBA,

February 2, 1899.

Commmad;ng (eneral,
DIepartmend of Havana,
(And all other Dpartmrids in Division of Cuba.)

Sl t:
The Major (General Commanding enjoins upon Department Commanders the strictest vigilance and care in the disbursement of funds on this Island derived from customs and turned over to them for the maintenance of the civil service intheir commands.
Absolutely correct and detailed accounts of receipts and expenditures must be kept, and receipts taken for every expenditure. Schedules of accounts should be sent to these headquarters monthly for audit.
As it is undoubtedly true that these receipts and expenditures will be made the subject of rigid investigation in the future, care must be taken that all accounts shall be clear and complete, and for proper service.
Very respectfully,
W. V. RICHARDS,
A sitan/ Ad/u/ant U(eral.













IIEADQUARTES DIVISION OF CUBA,


To the Honorable, Havana, February 11, 1899.
The Secretary of Finance,
Havana, Cuba.

Sin:
The Military Governor is desirous that your department should, as soon as possible, extend its influence and resume its functions, in all parts of the Island. Under the abnormal conditions which now obtain in Cuba, and by which all authority is temporarily vested in the Military Governor, he believes that the orders necessary for the guidance of your subordinates, in carrying out any general line of policy, should issue in due form from this office. and be published in the Official Gazette. In this way there can arise no clash of authority, due to a divided responsibility.
le desires, therefore, that all orders relating to the general conduct of affairs in your department, be submitted to him for approval and publication. Orders so issued will be binding, both upon the civil and the military authorities, and the possibility of conflict avoided.
If any such orders have already been issued, lie desires that they be sent to this office for publication by his direction, to insure respect by the military authorities now controlling affairs in the provinces.
Very respectfully,
AWNA R. CHAPFFEE,
Jlhjor Geacra of volunt cers,

Chief of Staff.
Similar letters to
Secretary of State and Governmct,
Justice and Public InstruCtion,
,, Agriculture, Comnerce, Industries and Public W1orks.













HIBAI A RTERS h VISION M) Cl BA,


Havaia, PoCl(ary 21, /899.
Dr. Dominyo MRadez Capoif,
&ertar, ofState (ald Govrrmint,
Havat, (Oba.
Sit:
The Military Governor directs t~hat., in order more speedily to establish a system of civil government in the Islaind of Cuba, the administration of the several departments be put into operation as soon as practicable. each under the direction of its appropriate secretary.
This order will not, however, relax the military control announced in the Proclamation of January 1, 1S99. Commanding (Generals of Military Departments, within their respective limits, will continue to exercise supervision of all matters pertaining to the government of Cuba, not specially excepted hrom their jurisdiction. They are charged with the duty of examining into and reporting upon the administration of civil oflices within their departments. Immediate report will be made of any case of maladministration, or want of proper qualification of any public officer for the performance of the duties of his position.
Copies of all official commullnictions between the several branches of the Civil Government and their representatives in the provinces will be sent to the Conmnanding Generals of Military Departments.
Very respectfully,
A l) l. CHA 1FV,

C(Iief o f ITj.
SiMilftter. to o/her &MIc'ur; and (,1
Dept. Conmuanle,. in thu 1)ir. ( 7 ).




0


HEADQUARTERS DIVISION OF CUBA,

Havana, April 11th, 1899. The Commanding Generals,
Departments of Havana, Province of Havana, Alatanzas, Pinar
del Rio, Puerto Principe and Santiago.
Copy of endorsement in full to C. G., Santa Clara.
SIR:-The Division Commander instructs me to furnish you the following extract copy from an endorsement upon a recent communication, for your information and guidance:

4th Endorsement.

HEADQUARTERS DIVISION OF CUBA,

Havana, April 10, 1899.
*
"In the supervision of government affairs reserved to
Generals commanding Military Departments, see letter from these headquarters, dated February 21st, 1899, it is competent for any Department Commander to suspend from office any civil official who, in his judgment,. may be guilty of maladministration or neglect of duty, making immediate report of his action."
*

Very respectfully,
0. H. ERNST,
Brigadier General,
Acting Chief of Staff.







0


IND E X TO

Orders Modifying or Changing Laws.


A.

Audiei jas. Limitingjurisdictionof the. of Matanzas and Puerto Principe, and revoking decree dated July 19, 98 Mar. Suits of the Triunal Local Contencioso A Organization of the, of the Isla n d No recourse wanted against rulings of the, of Havana, except against rulings of mucre routine, revision,etc. Order organizing, to take effect after announcement in G azette. Suspensiln of proceedings Contencioso-adininistrativo before the, of ilavana. Method to take oath and possession of office.

A editor of the Island.
Duties of the,. Mar. Creation of office of Assista n t .

A uthIIeuItificationI.
Requirements for oaths administered in i. S. in, of legal doeum ii ts.

B.
Bons.
Stocks or other securities given as, by public officials, to le surrendered to ownC IS .

Births.
In regard to registry of.

Bribes.
Punishments for.


*1


(-.

Cattle.
Admission fire of ditv of g raided .

Cemeteries.
Administration and owncrsh ip of.


:38 Census.
Appointment of officers for b0 taking the. .


96


119


124

134 1 40 146




13 :


149


112


142


1 1-4


Ctiharters, Concessions or
Grants.
Exact copies of, given to railroads or corporations to be filed in the office of the Secretary of Agriculture, Industries, Cominerce. etc. .


Claims, Prosecitioit of.
Suspension of, against XIiuicipalities or IProvincial Deputations. M ar Criniinal Aets. Committed by troops in active service during past war, ni criminality attached, including also all individuals invested with civil authority. any undergoing trial or in confineinent to he set at liberty.
la r Cuba.
Organizing government of,
into four depart ments, Ja n .
Appointineot of a special
Commissioner f(I.
Supreme Court. "See Suprem e Court.".
Audiencias: "See Audiencias .
Census of; "See Census.


21


11 72











I).

I)ebtS, Collection of.
Extension for tile, LMar. 291 .V odification of Order 1.6. a s to .

Dept. Agriculttire, Comimei
t11(Ilnstries & Public Woi Organaizatioln of the .Jal. Copies of charters, concessioins & girn itsto Railrnoads or Corporations, to be filed in the office of the.

Dept. of' Fiinnce. Organization of the,.Jan. Approved accounts of the Institutos de Segunial l'seianiza to he paid bv the,

I)ept. of'State and Goeuintim organization n of the. listitutos de Segunda Elosenazla, under charge of.

I)ept. o4 JIistice & Pblic
Struction.
Organization of the, Jan.11.

isbIursing Officers. Renditioi of accoton earrents by, M ar. Divorces, "See Marriages".

districts.
Abolishing municipal, of San Antonio de Rio Blanco del Norte & creating municipal, ofSanita Cruzdel Norte

)iplomas.
Issue of, to practice prolessio n s .

IDuies.
Academic or professional Degrees, abolished; to be issue(] free of cost; Dept.
of justice & Public I struetion charged therewith persons undergone examination imy receive them. \latriculuutlion. exaMlliulati oo & other similar clhurges of' the 'I usti tutos de Segunda nlsenaunza" to le paid t.> the S ta te.


E.


Electoral Offenses. P ardon for.


Fi.
Fi IneS.
IAllg"Overinne11 tl a d 11nUI
f,6 cipal, to he paid in cash,
receipts giveol& record to f 9 e kept thereof, orders or
laws contrary revoked.
rce, M ar. . .
rks.
11 Fiuids.
Accountability of, for the
fiscal Year, how to Ie uIiade



Gamiblin.
I1 Prohlibitio of.

Guar(Is.
39 Regula tiouo for eliih)loymtcio o f .

Iet. H.
11
i-toli(ays.
39 Fixing of legaI. .
Ilk- Horses.
Ownership of, of Cuban Officers & soldiers.87

I.
14.
lsurance Comnpanies.
Security of. to be submitted
for appri-val to the Secretary of Finance.
Classification ( .

120 j.


39


162


J utrisdlietionl. Revoking, of' Prov. of Santa Clara over the towns of Cieg de Avila, MioroIun & .Jn a ro hIxteitding, of Municipal Court of Mariel over Quiebrail ILCH a .

Justices o ors
Votos reservados of, to be miade public & recorded, Vltos liatrticolares to le entered ini original records

I'.


lxuMuiuu iout & oou practice of,

Legal Matters. Votos reservados y particulares, "See Justices of C ourts".


I i6 104








Appeal for annulment of judgm ent .
"Incomu nicnci6n" abolished

Libel.
Amiending punishment for.



Marriages.
Divorce or nullifieation of.
Validity of Civil, perfirmance by clergymen no civil effect; all, soeuiinizcd in the Island deemed & adjudged valid, to be proved by documentary evidence, etc.; regulations to be observed in recording of; fee; all decrees, orders conflicting revoked .

Military Works. Authority for the removal of

Municipalities.
Changeofnaimeof, tolesubmitted for approval.

MU alnicipol Court.
Transferring of, of Pepe Amtonio from Guanabacoa to Campo Florido. Of Quiebra Hacha abolished, jurisdiction transferred to.
of M ariel.


0.

01'ivial (.azette. A1nnouncemenclt of" the, of the Ml. Go\-crililent .

P.


Courts tocontinue totxecute Deerees of, tiiider the DIcCrec dated Dec. 27, 98. Graitiiig of, for tries against the Spaiiish Nil.
Code andi Peial Code of the N a vv. . Gran til", of, f i- electoral offenses .


92 109


125


171 116


51


(4


162


Passports.
Rescinding of. .J1o 5

Pe4triodicals.
DireCt1r;s lnd muitols ispOisilie for pulicat ions ill. G7

Physicians and I'Pha Iiiacist s. Ex iniin i oiit id practice of !)0


Posts, i)ept. of.
Use of penalty envelopes. b% w homn used. Postal Code of.

Provincvial I)epittationis.
Abolishment of, matters pertaining to, to be acted on by CivilGovernors;charging Secretary of State and Government with the execution thereof, Feb. Claims against, suspended M a r.


108 115







24

21


I'tiblie 11eeords and Property
Tra nsfer of, to each departinent, Jan. 1 Accouitnbilitv fto r public pe ty, NI 1


Q.

Quesada, Gonzalo de, Special Coniisioner for Cuba. 7


It.

Reti irnis.
Of propcrtI pirchMsed with isiilar funds, when to be m ade, M a .

S.

Schools.
Period of vacatio of .

signal I Corps. I iie Ics oft li Cuerpo de Coliniiicaciones trimnsferred to.


T.Ixcs ;1nd elaIssificatioll 01. (I Reilly gr ant abolished .

Smu11ggling.
Rewaord tor [le information
; f".I. I. .

Mlung'es.
F ishing of.

S itts.
Suspension of, involving claims against Provincial Deputations, ATtnicipalities prior to Dec. 11, 98, M ar. . A ppea I for annulment of judgment iin civil, how to determ ine. "TribuniII ,ocnl Conteticioso Ad ioiiuistrativo." "Sec A ldi ci: is. .


14


141 182 73 137 140


102






21 92


I

4


2








Supreme Court. Organization of the Order organiziog, modified as to qualifications of subordinate employees. Order prescribing method of' procedure to -o into effect on date of publication in Gaze tte . Fixing date for appearance hefire the, in civil or crVioinal )rocedures. .


41






114 135


111.


Tariff.
Beehives Franduleit invoices and
CUstomIs en1 tries.

Tam'sRemission of, due and unpaid O0 Jan. l, 99,.Feb. Railroad passengers and freight, collected prior to Jan. 1, 99, to be paid Iti once. Peb. Aholislminent of capitation .M a r Repartimiento; on beef cattle;imipor-tsof prime necessity; exportation of merchandise and cattle abolished ar. Irban ind rural property, turned Over to .i\nicipalities M ar Industrial, reduced to a single municipal tax, rules theretoa. r.


146 159



1(1 10






25


25


Administration and collection of, on real estate, securities and conveyance of property modified.
Slaughter house, regulated
and how to be collected, classification of slaughter houses.
Modification of order ofFeb.
10, remitting all.

Teachers.
Bureau of Pensions and Retired pay of primary, abolslied; Director of PubliC Instruction charged with settlement of accounts; no deduction to be imiade from the salaries of, on account of pensions or retired pay; nor any deductions from the amount assigned to anv school lor material.
Rules as to, and professors
employed in the system of' public instruction, who are absent; "jubilacion" abolish ed .

Treasurer.
Creating office of Assistant.

W.
Weights and Measures.
Avuntamientoscharged with the im- of.

V.


Y.ear t
2 5 1 Desig-nating the Fiscal .


77

7 7


82























ORDERS,

MODIFICATIONS AND CHANGES
IN
EXISTING LAWS.



















































4










































M


LIEUT. COLONEL XV. V. RICHARDS, U. S. V.,

Adjutant Gencral Division of Cuba.






















































































































































































































6










Head quarters 1)ivi sioni of Cuba,
Ha vana, Januar- 5, 1899.

It is ordeicil 1v the Military Governor of Cuba that the decrees relative io jINSsports, which were in force In ouary 1, 1899, the date of the establishiient of Militar% Government by the United states over the Island, are hereby reseinded, alnd slich passports will no longer he required.

Ai)NA R. CHAFFER,

)Abjor General of Volunteers, Chief of Staff

(TRADUCci6N.)

(iarteI G(eeral (le la Divisioni (le Cuba,

Habana, 5 dc Encro de 1899.

El Gobernador General de Colba ordeCIn que los decretos referentes A pasaportes vigeiites LI dia primero de Enero de 1899, fecha en que se inauguro por los hstados Ulidos el Gohierno Militar ei esta isla, (Iuedenl derogados; y tie e lo sucesivo no sean necesarios diehos pasaportes.

El Viavi-or General, Jel& de Estado Ma-er,

ADNA R. CHAFFEE,


Headqsiarters Division of Cuba,

Havana, January 11, 1899.
In pursuance of the authority vested in him by the President of the United States, and in order to secure a better organization of the civil service iii the Island of Cuba, the Military Governor orders that hereafter the Civil Government shall be administered by four Departments, each under the charge of its appropriate Secretary, as follows:
First: The Department of State and Government;
Second: The Department of Finance;
Third: The Department of Justice and Public Instruction;
Fourth: The Department of Agriculture- Coimmerce, Industries "Ind Public \Works.
Public records anidI property xill he transferred antd rearranged tcco-(ligly.
AIDNA R. CHAFFEE,
la jor General of Volunteers.
Chief of Stai):
(TRAIUjTCC6-N, .)
Cartel General de la Division de Cuba,

Habana, 11 de Enero de 1899.

De acuerdo con Ios poderes que le han sido conferidos por el Presidente de los Estados Unidos, v con el fin de ieiorar a organizaci6n de los Servicits Civiles en I Isla de Cuba, el GoiernIiador General ordela (1uc, eli lo sucesi\vo, L (G I ierno Civil sea admiistra do por catro Secrctirias. eada un ,a cargo de si Sccretario correspondiente; 'I saber:
Primero: 'Secretaria de Estado y Gobernacian.
Segundo: Secretarvia de HacielLia.
Tercero: Secretaria Ie Justi cii I istrucci6n Pcblica.








4t


Cuarto: Secretaria de Agricultura, Comercio, Industria Y Obras Pfiblicas.
Los archivos p1blicos v las pertenencias de cada una de dichas Secretarias, serlAi trasladadosyv clasificados de cmiformidad con hi disposicion (Jte precede.
El Mayor General, Jel de Estado MaYor,
ADNA R. CHAFFEE.


Headqattrters Divisionl of Cuba,

Ho vana, PFeriarv 10, 1899.

The Military Governor ofCtilb directs that L1l taxes dlu, iiildecrSpIaIish laws in force on this Island, and paid oi Jaoiiary 1, 1899, he remitted. Taxes collected in railway passengers and freight prior to that date id not heretofore deposited with the Government, will ie aid at once into the Treasury of the Island.

ADINA R. CHAFFEE,

Ma jor General f Voliuiitteers, Chieto/ St aff,

(TRADUCclI6N.)

Cuartel General de la Divisioin de 00ma,
Iluhana, 10 de Fcrcro de 1899.

El Gobernador General de Cuha ha dispuesto qutei todas las contribuciones vencidas con arreglo A las leaves espafolas vigentes en la Isla, y que no havan sido pagadas hasta Enero primero de mil ich idelit os liat ,a \ ne ye, se cntiendaii condotmdiis. Las coo tri bucii oes re caidadas por los Ferrocarriles por coicepto de holetas de pIsajeros y Iletes con auterioridad a la referidt hiechIa y (Iqte no hovayan sido ingresadas en el Tesoro, se pagaini iniediatimiente A dicho Tesoro de I Isla.
El Mayor General, jeL de Estado AIaYor,
ADNA R. CHAFFElE.




Headqalrterus Division ot'Cuba,

Ilivanii Iebir-re 24, 1899.

On the recommendations of his Secretaries, the Military Governor directs as follows:
I. The Provincial Deputations of the Island of Cuba are hereby abolished.
II. Pending the reorganization of provincial administration, all i matters of business which have heretofore been uder the jurisdictioi of Provincial Deputations, or which may now he pending before the same, will le submitted to, and acted upol by Civil Governors of Provinces.
III. The Secretary of State and Government is charged with the execution of the provisions of the preceding paragraphs.

ADNA R. CHAFFEE,

lMlajor (;LeniI of Volinteers, Chief of St all:










('iriiA)cci6N.)

Cuiartel Genieral 4e la Divisianii de Cuba,

IIhaiNm, 24. IC Ielrcro
A propuesta de los Secretarios del Gobierno Civil, el Golri ador Ge icral dispone lo siguiente:
1. Quedan supriiiidas las Diputacioies Provincialesd la Isla de Cuha.
11. HI taIt)O se recrganiza lI Adiliiiistiracio Provincial pasarnl 1 los Goberiadorcs Civiles los asuiitos liecidiCIites ante las DiUitaciones, Y MLtiCllos cilvo coiiociiieniLto correspoiiiia las misias.
IIl. Por ia Secretaria de Hstalo y Gobecrnicin, se dicetirjn las Ordeles e illstruccioies necesarias para el cuimpliimiento de lo dispuesto ell los dos p.1iaraios a uteriores.
El Alior Gcncral, jel ic de EstI(o lai-or,
ADNA R. CIAPPE'.


I[eadq uarterM I ) division of, Cuba,

Ma vana, Alarch 4, 1-99.

The .\ilitary Governor of Cuba directs the pullication of the followig ordLer:
The capitation tax at all Chali ports is abolished, to take effect oo anld Ni'er1 NklrCh 1, 1899.
ADNA R. CIIAPFEE,
Ar jor (;cLinrn/ ol I/ iii steers, Chiel'of'tnl.

('Tn AlI! CCI) N.)

C(iartel generall dIe Ia I)ivisioi 41e (Cluba,

IHolmna, -4 i/c .1:,jrzo /e 1899.

Hl GirWInIior ( eoer1 i de Culha ordeoa la pulicaciIo de lo sigiiienite;
l'l implicsto de Cepitaci ii quedii suprimido en todos los puertos le la Isla di Cohb, ciuitar ilesile el di 1 V.' le ilarzo ile 1899.
L lhaivor denerai, /c/c i/c Est lado Ak'or,

ADNA R. CHAFFEB.


Heail4liarters I)ivisiol of CiIha,

1h vana, .lharch 4, 1899.

On the recommendation t ihc Secretary (Af lstice and PihiC iostrue. tiii, the Military Govcernor of Ciba directs the piihilication of the following order:
The decree, dated July 1.9, 1898, issuiled bV Ctaptaia Gciieral Ramnii Bllanco, tleii Governor General of Cubla, is herel revoked. TlhIejurisdiCtioI of the Aiiilieiic'iis If M1tniiizas ;ail Pulierto Principe Will lereafter he liiiited to that which, under the lm"\,Iws appropriate to eChRI, pr1ior Lo file plubliCtatioi of" li th boVe eiiicitioiicd ILTicice.
ADNA R. CIHAPPEE,
A.:jor cn (cera I oI I olo o eers, Chicloh Stall:










('ruAocciN.)
C(iatei Gen1era de la Divisiii (e Cuba
Habana, 4 (IC Marxo de 1899.
A pripuesta del Secretario de Justicia 6 Instruccion Piblica, cl Goicrlor Genern] de Cuba ha tenido 1 bien dispoiler la publicacinn de lo si'stiente:
Dcsde esta feclia se deja sin efecto el Decreto de 19 de Julio Cltinio, diet;tb> por cl Capit ini General Don Ranmu n Blanco, entonces Gobern:or eieral de Cub, y ev su consecucnicia las Adicencias de Mlat anza s v Puert o l'rincipi ejereera ii tall solo la jurisdieci611 lie, antes de ser aquil puliicadio, les uOrrespoiaU con rretlo 11 Ia LeV.
El Brigadier General, Jefe de Estailo Ma vor,
ADNA R. CHAFFE.


II eadImquarters Divisioni of Cuba,
Havana, Alarch 14, 1899.
The Military Governor of Cuba directs the publication of the following order:
1. The Auditor of the Island of Cuba vill have charge of the examinmtion Id scrutiy Of all accounts arising from the disbursement of funds Obtained from the Customs Receipts in the Island of Cuba, except those now audited by the Auditor of the Customis Service.
2. He viii prescribe the forms of keeping and rendering all public accounts arising from the disbursement of said funds, and all officers disbursing the same, or any part thereof, shall make due return to him as herein prescribed.
3. As soon as possible after receiving any account or return, theAuditor will cause it to he examiined iin his office, and he is authorized and directed to notify disbursing officers of all errors or irregularities in their accounts, and when so notified, disbursing officers will take immediate steps to correct such.errors or irregularities.
4. Wheever the errors have been corrected, or payment has beeli made for deficient articles, and the action of the Auditor is sustained or modified )v the M ilitary Governor, a return will be regarded as settled, iald the officer who redered it will be notified accordingly.
5. If the necessary corrections in a return le not made within two iiionths from the date of notification by the Auditor, the facts will le reported til the Chief of Stall' of the Division of Cuba.
G. Balances which miav, from time to time, le certified by the Auditor, upon settlement of public accounts, shall be final and conclusive upon the executive branch ofthe Goveriiimient;except that ainy person whose accounts may have been settled, the head of a department, or of an establishment not under the jurisdiction of a department, to which the account pertains, may, on presentation of new evidence, obtain a revision of the said accotl bv the Military Governor, whose decision upon such revision shall le final and conclusive upo the executive branch of the Government.
7. The Auditor wvihl preserve, with their vouchers and certificates, all accounts that have been finally adjusted. lie will also superintend the recovery of all debts filially certified by hii to be due to the Government.
8. The Auditor of the Finance Department will. under the regulations prescribed ili this order, and concurrently with the Auditor of the Island, examine and scrutinize all accounts and reti-ars ieiiicd byx civiliall Oflicers of the Militarv Government Of Cuba.
9. The head of a department to which account pertains will cause each account current or property return, with accompanying papers, to he examined and transmitted to the Auditor of the Finance Department within tweityv da vs from the date on which such account was received at his office. Whei a suspension or disall owaICe Lis made, the department










Will llotifyV thiacnle NeoliaIC 0 erC- thit hle mIWIy hkVc NIL oppo)rtulit.y to) submit cx plal 'ltionms.
10. All officers requiring funds will submit to the Chief of stall of t hi Division, approved estimates of the same, Which shall state the l)UrioseS IOr which the funds tre to lbe useti. These estimates should le submitted not later than the 30th day iif the month preceding that for which the estitmites are made. Special requisitions will le tlade for skills needed for unforeseen contingencies.
11. All transfers of funds or property Will be acCoMnpalnied iv invoices a nid receipts ill duplicate, but no transfers of funds shall lie made, except on the order of the head of ani Lxceutive Departit t, or, in case of a united States Armv oticr, on the order of his proper superior "ficer.
12. The use of funds for purposes other than those for whieh specifieally appropriated, is prohibited. Heads of Departments, in notifying oiieers ofreiittatotes, will ilnfomi them of the atiount remitted ider each head of appropriation.
13. Funds in tie personal possession of a disiursing officer are so kept at his own risk.
14. No officer, disbursing money or directing its disbursement, shall Ile concerned individually, directly or indirectly, ill the pri-Chase Or stile o an- articles intended for, used by, or pertaining to the public service.
15. No officer, or clerk of a disbursing officer, shall le inte rested ill tle lurCiase of any employee's certificate of pay due, or any otier claim Rgainst the Government.
16. Officers xill not purchase supplies for the Government front any other person in its service, ntor contract with any such person to furnish supplies or service to tile GOVrinilelit, or make any Government purchase or contract, itl which such person shal Ibe permitted to share or receive benefit.
17. ACcoUits cr-tilt iiwil te rendered inointily tNititd Will be Made in dlupliciate, each accoiilnied lv the proper abstracts and vouchers; one copy will le forwarded to the Auditor of the Island, and the other will Ie retained bY the officer. Should the disbursing olieer he acivilian, under the Military Government olf Cuba, the accounts Will le itttde in triplicate; two being sent l tthe head of the department under whose direction the disbursement is made, and one retoineid 1by the officer. ()in receipt of these, the head of such department will imimediately transmit one of the accounts to the Auditor of the Island.
18. Accounts current must le Made out il tiie to reach the Auditor not later than the 20th day of the ionth following that covered by tile tieCoIlllt11). With the accounts will le forwarded all orders atd other papers upon which the accountable officer relies to relieve himself front responsibility, including ibstracts of purchases made during the iiotitt.
20. All disbursements must he covered by vouchers, in duplicate, aCCOlpallitd by1 duplicate itemized and receipted bills.
21. When an officer is relieved front duty, he will certify outstandi g debts, if any, to his successor, and translilit a list of the samoe to the he Ii of his department. Unless otherwise ordered, lie will turn over to his successor ill public itmioncy, property, hooks, and Itaper pertaining to the service from whie Ile is relieved.
22. The correctness of the facts stated oii a xoueer aud tile jUstLSS of the account itlust he certified by the officer.
23. lile giving o- taking of receipts in blaiik for pulic imotey is potiibited.
2-4,. \ouchers for funds disbursed will, before being signed by a pule creditor, hle imide out in full, With tile pla'Ce of p~aymen~lt aild W1one 01pain olicer entered in tile reeipt, aid the exict amliount of 1it xey clearly stated ill the receilit.
25. The signature to a receipt tud tile name tiLof t person enteredI at the head ofti account must le literal- alike. VIcitn i Sigitllre is ilot written by the hand of the party. it must Ile witnessed hY tin officer of the Government, when practicable.
26. An officer will have credit for an expenditure of mone- iiiade in obedience to il order by competent authority, which order must he ill











writing. If tile expentttdittire he disallwed, it will he charged to the oflicer whO ordcrcl it.
27. if paylien-t .be Made oil a certifictte of aly vOficer as to fact, t1l artervards disahltwed for error of fact ia the certificate, it will pass to the credit of tile dishursing Oflicer, 111l( he charged t t ie Oflicer who gave the certificate.
28. Retiiriis (d all propelrtv purchased with fuiltis derived from the Customs Survice will ble mlade quar11terk .
29. Oflicers responsible fitr public prOperty. Of ally description, are charged With its preservatiOni fioi loss Or damiagc. Every officer accomitaile for ittblit p-oiperty will keep hiiiself taccura tely itvfi trlled, 1 v personal examination, of the quanltitY aild coniditiol (f the property oil hand, and xvill he held strictlv respOisii>le that it is atccrately reported Oin his return. At each transfer ofstich prOperty, both the iltvOicing ali receiptiltg Officer will attend in person, and each will satisfy himself, y1 personal exalliiliation, that all property invOiced is Oil himd ;udl inl cmidiitin ,s stated i the invoice.
20. writcrt xori Oit ill the service will 1ot he tiestrived, bat will Ite kept Itr tile action if an itlspector, dctttiled ) v the Comi lander of a Militarx Department. The c ac.OtllUtalic Oflicer xVill stifbmtit an ittvetttoIry thereOf and asl for al ilspectOr's actiott, fOr which application sliild lfe imate to the Ieadtiirters of the I)ephirtment which the Otlicer is serving, aitd the property will he dispOsed Of as ordered by himit. If sold at atuctioll, the ilt tue v received therefir will Ife turned int to the credit of (he Treasurer Of tile Ctistois Service.
3 1. Accotints curreitt ftr Jait nuary ad Felbrmir Y will te Orxwtarded with the least practicable dclatv.
32. ProperitV returns wili ie rendrd to cOvecr tie first ottar ters of the calendar vear.
33. All LccO11ltts Mid rcttiriis Will te itMIe Oit t)ll fitrits fIriiishtied hy the Auditor if the Isitnd, xxlwO Will sUniplx the sate O tiiictAittiOl.
14. All decrees, orders Or laws, Or parts thereof, ill conflict with the provisions Of this order, are iereby revoked.
Ai)NA R. Ci AFFEE,
.1n jor General ol, Voluniters,
ChiefofStall:

(Tr A li CCiii N.)

Ciuartcl G(ueeral 1e i 11 Divisio de C(iba,
Hiabana, 14 de AMarzo de 1899.

Fl Giberiiadttr Militar de Cutba dispoie la pilticaciOll de la Ordei siguliente-:
1. Hl iinterVeiitor de lit IsIti de Cubm tetidra ti si cargo el examen 6 iivestigaci611 de todas Its ctietias i[Lue seait pagadas coil foidos proveliciites de ias Colectitrias d- Admilt as ell ,t Isla de Cuba, coi excepcitn de auttellas que It v extmiiiia el Intervetor dcl Servicio de Adutaniats.
2. PrescrihirA lIn Cirma ei uItt deai leVtrse Y renirse totdas las ctlentas pbiflicas, civo p agtO se hag coin los expresatdOs fimdos, Y todos lOs Oficitics (file efect(ciei dichos pagtOs, 6 piti-te de cllOs, fe redirI L his cuentas el la formlliA prescrita.
3. Tall pronto coltm sea posible despoes dei recibi de ciittiifliier cuetita 6i rlaci 'ii; cl itervenitor la iarti exaliutiiiar ei sit oficina. qiuedtdliO atiutorizado, x asi se le Ordena, parn sefuttiar ft IOs iOficiales pngadores ttOiOs iOs errors c irregiularidades utie advierta ell sis ctiteitas y' dieicido dichos pagadorcs, ctitidti lhival sitIO hsi ntitifictt.ls, procedr al iniiediatit suisaiiniento de lOs citatdOs eri-ores C irregulnridades.
4. Asi (ftle los errores haan sidO stubstmiiiits ( sc hayva liechiO l paOg t los artictitis oimiitidos, v Ia nccidi1 de InterventOr se mnantenga t moditique por el GObiferiOr Gertictal, se considerarnt teritinado el expediente y asi se ittiificarn al oficial ciiitaiite.
5. Cuando las ciienmiendas requeridas ell tilt dOctitimento devuelto ito se




0


iigali dentro de dos mess A partir de la fecha de In notificaci611 por el IIIterventor, se diarA cuenta al Jefe de Estado M a-or de la I)iv-isi(tt de Cuba.
6. Los balances que en epocas distintas scan aprobados por cl Interventor, al quedar liquidadas is cuentas pinlicas, serAn considerados cono finales y decisivos en lo que se relaciona con el ramo ejecutivo del Gobierno, a menos que alguna person culyas cuentas -ayan sido liquidadas, el Jefe de una Secretaria 6 de algnn establecimiento que no se halle bajo lai jrisdice.6n de ona Secretaria A la cual pcrteniezca L cuenta, Obtengan fpor virtud ie la presentacin de comprobantes nuevos, una revision de il expresada cuenta por el Goierno Geieril, cuya decision respect de in revision referida serA final Y decisiva, ei cuanto al ranmo ejecutivo del Gohiernn.
7. El interventor archiva-A con sus comprobantCs y certifiCados tidis las cuentas que havan sido definitivanente liquidadas \y tendrn tambi6n a su cargo ]a cobranza de todas las deudas finalmente reconocidas por 61 como debidas al Gobierno.
S. El iiterventor de la Secretaria de Hacienda, confornc A las reglas prescritas eni esta orden, y- en concurrencia conl c Interventor de la Isla exlilniniarA y comiprobarA todas las cuentUs V relanciolns presentadas por los oficiales civiles del Gobierno Militar de Cuba.
9. El Jefe de una Sec-ctaria A la Cit pi fe-te-nezc1HI LIs client is, hi-A que Ceida cuenta corriente v relaci(oi de propiedades con sos aniprobantes aiJuntos, sean exatiitadas Y tratisiltidas ;d Interventor de la Secretaria de Hacienda dentro de veiintes diti pArtin de la fch a en tie dicha clienta haya sido reeihida eln suI oficintI. CuiandO SC diete itona sUspensin it dAesapfirolhta ci6n, ia Sceretaria lo notifieiA :ii official coiitnlitc "t A fia de qiule piedat presenter explicaciones.
10. Todos los officials que soliciteil fotidos soiiete-Ainal Jefe de ElstaIn Mayor de In DivisiAn presupuiestos a probados en ls cuales se hart constar cl oijeto 'i quii dichos ftotidos se destineii. Esos presuipliestos debern ser presentados, AinAs tadiar el dia 20 del mes que precedin A aquel en que debe hacerse uso de ellos. Se iaritn pedidos especiales cuindo se itecesiten cantidades para gastos imprevistos.
11. Toda transferriicia de fondos 6 propiedad seri- acomparada dc faicturas y recibos duplicados: pero no se liar, ningulla traslaciOn de fondos sino por orden del jefe d una Secretaria A si se trata de ni oficial del Ejdircito de los stados Unidos, sin una orden de atitoridad StteriO-.
12. Se prohih ci uso de fondos uira ctialquier otro oiijLto que no sea 1iel para el cual sc les haya destinado expresaimente. Los jeles de Seretartas ni dar a xViso de ias remilisiones A los oficiales les participarnAn 1 ascendencia de la sitia remitidacon expresi611 del concept A quese destiny.
13. Los fodos d qii se halle ell posesi n tin oficial pagador setnit 1)0 1 0CustLOdiadOS bajo SU re.1)MSpNbilidad.
14. Ningin oficial que page II ordene un pago intervendrnA direct C itidirectaieiite, en ia compra A venti de ni g tin. ilo (ic se destine, aplique 6 pertetiezen 10 serViciO i pblic'
15. NinigAn oficial (1 dependi (It : 1n pag; i dor tendi- participacioll ei la compra de un certificado d- pago que se da i Atin empleado iini e ninguna otrt reclamiacion COtIA el Gobie-no.
16. Los oficiales no compralrin efectos pnra el Goierno de ningia otra persona ;1i serviCiO d'- dst-, ni contr taran suministros o servicios para el Gobierno con ningut persona que se ialle en aquella condici6n iii bar compra ailgna (i contrato coLiceriietel s ,I] Gobierilo en la ctial se piermita a 1igunla personal de ias iitdicais peicib ir it timlidades A teller participaci611 eli ellas.
17. Las cuentas corrietltes se reLdiri liietistIaiLente Y por dtiplicado acompanad a en a ni de sus resign ns y comprobantes respectivos: una de Ins cuentas scrA remitida al I iiterventor ile ia Isla, v la otra la conservarnI eli su poder el oficial. Ci mdo l pagador sea nil oficial civil, empledo biajo cl Gobieri,, Militr ic Cuba, sc hai-Aii is tIcuintas por triplicnldo: enviando dos al jef dLe la Secrctaria por citva orden se hiaga el pago, y conservando la otra el oficili. AI recibo de diehas cuentas cl jefe de li Secretaria respectiva retniLirA initediatinente una de ellms al Interveitor de Ia Isla.
18. Las cuenitas corrientes serau expedidas ell tiemnpo oportunlo para









II


tili( ilegncii 41 tniiaios del I ItervenIto, ; ias taridar, Cl dia 20 del ImeS siIliette 111 cUal COeIITspOiidl hI CetCItl.
1. Coi las cuentas se reiiniiiin tOUds las irdenes v denwis documeii Los que sirvan de resguardo de sU responsailiaid al oficial conLtadante incluycndose resSnmen de las comipras liechias durante el mes.
20. Todos los pagos seCAn justiLficados con comprobantes por duplicado, acompaiindoseles cuentas pormenoriztdas, Y firnmdas tambii6n por duplicado.
21. Cuando (I uede cesanite til olicial, dair- al Itie le suceda certificado de las cueilLas pendientes si las hay, y remiLirn una lista de ellas al Jefe de so Seeretaria y A no ser que otra cosa se le ordene, iarS entrega Lsu sucesor de todo el dincro, propiedades, libriOs V docueiientos peCtenceienites al desLinio de qu Se le releva.
22. La exaLctitud de los dLLos consignados eii till colpiroballL Y la certeza de La CentCia deieCr'ili Se r cCrtifiCMadtas p)Mr el official.
23. Se prohihe dar 6 aceptar recibis ell blaico por fimdost piblicos.
24. LOs COmr.o1dian i es (IC pagos heclios dcber lin antes de ser- firmados por tin aecreedor ptiidco cxpudirse dietalladaleticiL Coll expresi6ti del lugar del pago y el n1omlibre del oficia l pag ad or asciitados en ciel recibo, v la asceidencia exactai del dinro cousignada tambidn de unla mnanera Cl;1ra.
25. La lircilt en Cl rCccibo V Cl ii01i1r1C de la prCsoiiacon qiue Se cicabV/za la cuent~a dceerll ser- fitcrahlUeHIC SemeIJanteCs. Cuanldo 111M fl-1rI 11 s heclia por la imino ecl intercsado, deber sert tesLtilloiada lor- till olicil del iGobhie-In siliprc que Sea posile.
2G. Sc faeulta I Lodo Oficial parIl Ih acer dleseIbolsos en Obediencil A mna orden dictada )1oc autoridad competente v dada por escrito. Si se desaprueba el desembolso, sei-A de cargo del official qtie lo ordc16.
27. Si sc efecta till lago por virtud dc tiil certificado de unoficial referente A un dato, v se desapritcbit lulgo porerror de liechoen a certilicaci6n. serA acreditado ( official p.'agtdr Y se c'ari'gar%'A al oficial que expidi6 el certificado.
28. Las reliciones de Lodas s propiedades coilpradIS coil foiidos provenientes del servicio de Adoanas sc presentacAn trimnsLralmente.
29. Los oficiales responsables de propiedades pl icas de cualquiecr case (itue seali, se Iiallan encargados de preservarlas de prdidas y deterioio. Todo official iesposable de propiedades p hlicas deber hallarse exactamente inforiado, por so inspecciIit personal de hi cantidad V eSLIdo de las pcrOiedLades A so cargo, v ser estL-ecliliieilte responsable de la cxactitud de Sis infoimles eli las ielacioeics qine exictida. Al Sei L'linsferidIt oiia pri'ii-. piedad de esa case, se lallAtrli' presentes el oficial que trasmiteii y el 1ie recipe, Y se cerCirar I in personlmlite di e tic toda la propiediad translitida estL existeite v ell la coiidicin segIiu se Conisigna en II1 lfIctUa.
30. No se destruirA In lpropicdad detriorade el 0 servicio sino ser conservada para so exAnmcii poc Liii I nSllector, desigtiaido porel COMiaidatc de tll departaiento military. Hl Ofitiatl reSpiiSable presentarCI' iil inveitario dc diclia propieidad y pediirA in iitspecciin, ,I edvo electo debeA dirigir onia solicited al Cuartel Generatl dIl DMeinrtnmeItin c el CUal se 1ialle sii'viciido, y se proceder col la propiedad segAnt Sc orde ie. Si se veidiese ei pflblica subasta, el producto dc laI vc't scrl acreditado al Tesorcro dc la Aduana.
31. Las cuentas corrie tes dc Encro Y F ebrero sir.' i remii Iidas con il mentor dilacidlm posible.
32. Ls irlacioties Ie prtpiie'doIes serll presctLadas coil)mprenidiendo ell ellaIs el pi tliiICSLet el l o Mictia.
3. TI "s Ic't'Lis V ielAcioies se cxtendertci col acreglo al formitilario que dicte cl IntervenLtor d la Isla, gInict fiicilitar'Ii los modelos c0IIrespi nditILes.
34. Todos los decrcLtOS, SIrdeleS 6 leVes line, e iodo ti el tLe. collLraenaii I 'isp iosicioiies gile preccdei, quedal por la preseite ordlen derogados.
E/I MAyior Gecneral, /cle de Esstndo Alayor,
ADNA R. CHAF1,EE.




0


i1

1-eadiqlmrlers Divisionl 401 00m.
H'ani, M rch 21, 1899.
in the recommendation of the Secretary of State and Government, the Mi itary Governor of Cuba directs the publication of the following order:
1. All fines, whether of govern nt c r muni ialcharacter. shallhereafter he paid in cash. Receipts for 111tiOits sO paid will le given ill each Cise, and proper -ecord kept of tic same 1ib v the oflicer receiving them.
Ii. All decrees, orders or laws, or par ts thereof, in conflict xvith the provisions of the foregoing order, nrc hcrch i evoked.

AIDNA R. CHAFFErE,

.lifljor Cen-ern of Vo/unteers,
Chief' (Stifi.



(Usiarlel( General (te a I Division te Cuba,
11omi, 21 /e' Arzo t/c 1899.
A propeilsta dl Scretario di E saulo y G obernai6ni, el riador I eieral de Ciiba ho teiiido d hien disponer l:t pilhieicini de lo sigiliente:
1 Desdi I f tlh todas las multas de carncergiiberativo 6 municipal se realizarIinn en lo adelante en efectivo. De las entidades (lie sC pagarei, en cada caso se dard el correspondiente rceilio, guardando ni comprobante del nismn ia a itoridad 6 funcimoario que to otorgase.
ii. Todos los dcetos, 6rdenes 6 leyes, (Iile, en todo 6 en parte, contravengan ils disposiciones que preceden quedan derogados por la presente ordent.
El 1.?.vor 'ectr, Jele iE' Esta(Io MaYor,

ADNA R. C1lAFFH-E.


I-atiqltarters DiA ision ol CIba.

Ila vann, Mi.rch 21, 1899.

On the reconiieido tion of the SecretarY of Stite and Government, the M\liitary Governor o Cutib directs the pIiblition ii of the folloxving order:
.l The prosectition of all claims uigainist \lu nici palities or Provincial Deputations will he suspended, until the method of their adijustieiit shall he determined, after the reorganizal tion fiii said corpor.i'tions.
If. Judges will not take cognizance of simits involving Claims against Provincial Del)tttti ons or uni iCiIalitis. or liabilities incurred prior to Decentber 31, 1898, aid suits already institri ted to esttIblish such.claims will le siSpeliIded.

ADNA R. CHAFFEE,
.1nior G'encrn/ of Ioliuliteers,
Chic'oIStaii.

ITRaADU CC16 N.)

C(sartel General 414 Ia Divisioln de Cublia,

/n/Ia 7, 21 i/c .laro /c 1899.
A proptiesta lt Secretario d e Est dO IyN Goberiiaci6n, Cl Gohenaid oir General dde Cliba hl telidO ; ieli disjiOiier' Ia pithlienci6n de ho sitieute:
1. Se declanin uit 4[ispenso Ins reclo eimiones de todas clases contra










los Avuntaiiientos Y las I)iputaciones Provinciales, hasta que reorganizadas esas corporacinies se acuerde lo procedente respecto A las Inismnas.
2. Los j ueces no admi tirAii demanda contra las Diputacio nes Ili coiltrt los Ax' i yuntaimiientos por ercitos vencidos antes del 31 de Diciembre (le 1891, siuspendiidose los tie en In actualidad est~n en tramitaciin.

EI Maior General, le tic hstnioo .Siavor,

ADNA R. CHAFFEE.



Ileadq iarters Division of Cuba,
Havana. March 23, 1899.

On the recommendation of' the Secretary of Justice and Public Instruction, and of the Secretaries in Council, the Military Governor of Cuba directs the publication of the folloxving order:
I. Hereafter judicial courts or magistrates in the Island of Cuba will refuse to take cognizance of all prosecutitions wiiich have for their object the punishient of eriiinal acts committed by troops in active military service during the past war, by individual members of the sane, Or iiy a1y person connected therewith in any capacity or iinaner whatsoever, whether belonging to Cuban or Spanish forces: and it is also declared that no criminal responsibility shall attach to any person or persons for any act so coiniitted.
II. Within the meaning of the preceding article shall likewise he included all individuals invested with civil authority, wliether by the Spanish Government or by the different revolutionary organizations, both with regard to orders which they max have dictated or acts which they iay have done, whether directed to the suppression of the revolution or to the liccomplishment of the purposes of the revolution itself against the Government of Spain.
[I. Individuals u ndergoing criminal trial, or who maxy nox, be confined for the commission of any, act included in the foregoing articles. shall inmmediately he set at libertyv. Judges in charge of proceedings in such elises will bring them to a close, and will forward the records in each case to the appropriate Audiencia, that the latter may take thenecessary action under the provisions of this order.
ADNA R. CHAPFFIE,
la jor General of 'Volulicrs,
Chief o/Sinfl:

(,r I x 1) 1Cciiox)

01.1rtel Gener-al 414 la Divisimb de Cuba,
lahmnm, 23 dle Mnrzo e 1899.

A propuesta del Secretario de Justicia 6 instrucci611 P6blica Y de conformiidad con el parecer tlel Consejo de Secretarios, lie tenido 4 biei disponer lo que single:
1. Se declare improcedente toda persecuci6n judicial que teilga plor objeto el castigo de hechos que revistieron caracteres de punibles y (ie hbiesen sido cometidos por fuerzas en operaciones O en servicio military activo 6 por individuos pertenecientes 6 agregado A las mismas, va espafolas, ya cubanas, durante el period de la pasada guerra; declarandose igualnente cx tingtiida de derecho ]a responsabililad criminal clue por tales hechos se pidiere haber originado.
II Asimisio se declaran comprendidos en el articulo anterior los individtios constituidos en autoridad civil, ya por el Gobierno espanol, ya por las dist intlas organiizaciones revol cioarias, V por lo que se refiere Ji ordenes 6 disposiciones qIile lihuieremi dictido 6 actos qie imbicren Ilevado A








13

cabo, encaminadas en los unios a reprimir la Revolucion v eii los otros al logro de los prop6sitos lie la Revoluci611 mnisma se proplsiera realizar coltra Espaila.
III. Los individuals sujetos i procedimiento criminal Y press por cualquier hecho comprendido en los preceptos anteriores, seritn puestos inmiediatanente en libertad. Los Jueces instructores pondrinn ttrmnino .1 is diligenci iIs su1ariales y remitir-An los attos A la respective Autdienia pIP ra que esta dicte, co1 vista de lo displiesto, la resolucion quc procedl.
El AlaYor dene,-;tJ, e Ihstailo Maior,
ADNA R. CHAPFEE.



1eFaid4IIarters Division of Citba,

In-lain, March 25, 1899.
On the recommendation of the Secretar rv of Finrance, the MlilitarGovernor of Cuba directs the puhlicatiOni of the following Order:
1. All ntlilicipi1 a1ssCssmenCiits known as "repartiient" -are herebY abolished and the outstanding quotas yet unpaid al( die in the second half of tie present fiscal Year are reminttel.
11. The present tax o heef cattle of -,- cents per kilo of ieat, is abolished, to take effect on April 1, 1899.
III. All taxes and itmports oti articles of prine necessity, suchas Cood and fuel, including kindling wood, coal and charcoal, are also hereby abolished, with the exeption of those imposed on distilled and fermented alcoholic liquors.
IV. No municipality shall he allowed to place a tax on the iilportation or exportation of merchandise aiid cattle. and all municipal taxes now affecting those articles are hereby abolished.
V. The following taxes on urbati aid rural property (real estate) and ott iiadustr- and commerce, are hereliv turned over to the municipalities to le by them applied to the payment of their local necessities, according to the following rules:

URBAN PROPERTY.
1. All taxes actually ill force, on cit y v real property, are herebv redc need to a single municipal tax of N per cent per alnui for the mntillicipalities of Havana, M7tailzas, CS rndenas, Sagua la Grande, Cienfuegos and Saniago de Cuba, and of' G per cent per annum for tile retmaininigi municipalities of the Island. These 8 and ( per cent rates shall ie levietl li the net income f. the property, according to the assessment no\- in force. Said taxes shall le collected in quarterlv installents, but those falling due ()in the fourth quarter of the fiscal Year shall not he collected prior to june 20, 1899.
2. The 12 per cent State tax on real propcrtv, the municipal surtax otnd the collection tax are hereby abolished, except that such of the mniiicipal surtaxes as iay he due for the third quarter of the present fiscal Year shall he collected bY the municipalities.

UV'RAL, PROPERTY.

3. The direct tax ol rural Property is hereby reduced to the single tax now levied by the State: the 100 per cent municipal surtax, the extraordinary surtaxes, and all collection taxes are hereby abolished.
4. Besides the exeltiiOns heretofore gramitetl, all properties which, according to the tax rolls of the State, pay taxes not exceeding $5.00 per annum, those destroyed by war, and, in general, those whith are not at present actually productive, shall he considered exempt from all taxation.
5. Properties shall be considered as actually productive which are nox wotrked or cultivated is stated in the assessment rolls at)\i- in force.
G. The Collection i if these taxes, herein provided for, shall take place








14

seini-allliially, hat thOsT of the present hail year shall not le collected prior to April 20, 1899, nor shall those of the first six nionths of the next fiscal year he cOllected prior to September 20, 1899.
INDUSTRIAL TAXES.
7. The industrial impost, or tax, on m anufactures and cominerce, as well as Ill municipal surtaxes and collection taxes, are hereby reduced to a sigle mmnicipal tax, according to the following rules:
For inlldUstries included in the First List (Tarifa Priiera) the ra te sha ill be reduced one fourth, that is, the rate hereafter will be 75 per cent Of the amount levied, according to the State tax rolls now in force
9. For the present are also abolished the taxes enumerated in the Second List (Tarifa Segunda) under the heads ofextra salaries; concert com pilanies; newspapers publishing companies, and others of like nature; gyniasiuns and establishments of learning. The remaining industries enumerated in this list shall pay onie rate only of taxation to the inunicipalities, which shall le 75 per cent of the present rate levied according to the State tax roll no w in force.
10. The income derived from the Third List (Tarifa Tercera) shall hereafter he collected y, and shall pertain to municipalities, but the rate of taxti tion on this list shall le one third less than that at present levied IN ie State, except that this reduction shall not apply to the manuffcture of distilled liquors, spirits and other alcoholic beverages.
11. The Fourth List is hereby abolished.
12. The Fifth List, as well as the so-called Patents appended to the kegnlatioIs Of May 12, 1893, are reduced 50 per cent of the preselit rate, and shall le exclusively a municipal tax, to be collected ly the hminiipalities of the Island and not by the State. All municipal surtaxes and collection taxes are here abolished.
GIINERAI, ALES.
VI. The aforesaid taxes shall be paid in United States nioney, or in its Celflivalent, pursuant to the order of the President of the United States, of Ja lnuary 4, 1899, Jlublished in the Gazette f March 4, 1899.
VII. Municipalities shall themselves collect all the taxes pertaining to Lheil in conformity with the provisions of the "Municipal Law," and shall apply them to tle payinent of the expenses enumerated in their budgets.
VIIl. The Provincial branclies of the Department of Finance shall, within twenty days after the publication of this decree, for-ward to each miuniCipality located within their respective jurisdictions, a certified copy of the present tax-rolls, inserting therein the amount of the net income front taxes on city and country property, so that the said imnticipalities may be ale to make the collection in accordance with this decree.
IX. For the present all laws, regulations and Orders, not in coliflit with the provisions of this order concerning taxes above transferred to mninicipalitics, shall remain in force.
X. The internal excise tax on the wholesale and retail sale of alcohols, spirits and liquors, is likewise provisionally transferred to municipalities, which shallcontrol and cOlleetsaid taxes in coinfirmiity with the Regulations of January 19, 1893, and their supplemientarv provisions; but said excise tax shall be collected With i increase of 50 per cent on the articles included in the first five classifications, ind 100 per cent on those included in the remaining classifications, payment to le made in United States ionicy Or its equivalent. The Provinei-tal branches of the Deliartiient of FiitInce shall forward to the municipalities located within their respective jurisdictions certified rolls of tax payers of this class, aid also a statement of those who have paid their taxes and of those who have not yet done so.
X1. Taxes now Collected from telephone companies, the services of which are rendered entirely within the bounds of a municipality, are hereby assigned to stich municipality. The tax levied by the Royal Order of May 12, 18S, on the Telephone Company of Havana, is hereby transferred to tle said muni cip11(1 lity.
ADNA R. CHAFFEE,
.A11jor General of 1VOhmIticVrS,
Chief ofSofo1If.











(T A 1 C e I N.)
,iiarieI (G4eciI <-1 I 11 Division de (iba.

Ifa/ali, 25 /C Mm-r) r/c 1899.

A propuesta del Secretario de Hacieda, el Goberallldor General de CuIa IIbn te iido A lien ptiblicar la orden siguiente:
1. Quedan abolidos desde luego IOS rCertimilen tiIs 1mu nici pales, V coldonadas las otas (lite estdn pendientes de cobro ecirrespo d iinte al clleestre corricnte:
I Queda asimisio abolidl ec imlpuesto (Le gravaca consiono de certies, 6 seiel impuesto (I 41 ets. pOr kiloe aContarliel (ha I" li A bril dL 18f9.
i1i. Quedan asimisimo abolidos los arbitrios que gravani los artiealos de pri icra necesidad 6 sean los de comer, beer v arder, comprelldido1;sl e1(1 y el carbnlI vegetal exceptUados los alCol0fes Y Iebiid s spirit iis;is
6 CIrImicntadas.
IV. Queda prollibido A los lllluniCipiOs gravar la importaein 6 exprt;einl de mlerlniefas y ganados, v qIledanl taillbill abolidos los illplcst 1 N aLrinrios Im ullicipales (itue hoy las alectcel.
V. Sc tranisficre ,I los mulinicipios dc la isla para su inveisii los se r viciis prestipiestlos las ClOtrialticioliesdirectaS solbre finients irh nims, rllstic(ls Y sillsidio industrial en los tCrnliinos (itIe se expresan .1 clitinluacio.

FINCAS URHANAS.

I. Queda reducida la totalidad de la contriblu1Cin sobric fines turbla'l t1 n a sola cuota de ocho por ciento anual ell los t6rmiinos de Iin h-an M;atanzas, CArdenas, Sagua la Grande, Ciellfuegos y S.'nti;lgo de Cuba, y de scis por ciento anual ei los dcmOs tcrliinos municipales de la Isla. A lilbs tillOs de ocho v seis por ciento autial se entendern sobre la titilidtId illpOn1iblk, segn ei1 amillaraniento vigente.
Ia cobrainza se hialn por trimlesftres en la form0a estalbIleCeid, 11 pIldCieIdo iliciar Ia cobranza del icuarto trimiestre items li 20 de junio.
2. Quedan a -s i spimidos el doce por ciento del EsIolo, el diCz y ocII
por ciento extraordinario v las Cuotas de cobranza. pro podr los Ayvull(MIlielltoS recaudar los recargos correspondientes A este mercer triicstre. lci
-niio ecoiiOnco corriente.

FINCAS RUSTICAS.

:. Queda reducida la totalidad de ia Colltriibuidi directa sobre ii')s5 r'InsticCs l Ia illica ciulta corres)OIldientC al hsti)ado 11IS5ta IloY, Cs ilei1, desaareLlcce el ci Ciento por ciento de recarglo municipal ordinario, el extriordinario y has cnota;s de cobranza.
I. Ademis .de las exenciones concedidas hasta la eclht estara I Cxci1:S de tribttar las fincas que en las listas cobratorias del l'stado teligii ;siglilda euota ulite no pase de cinco pesos anuiales, as fincas destraidls IpOr la geCIra y eI general has que no stesn actualnente eln pr ducci611, n(ite no fuieranI deSltridas.
5. Se entender qiue estil etualmente eCl producci611 las qIuic sC bm1len eCI explotaci(iI enI la form deciarlada en el amillaralmlicilto vigclitc.
G. LII cobranza se harti por semestrcs, Ia del corriitC HO eilpezar alites del 20 de Abril )ri-)xiimio ni la ilei primer del allo liseal antes del 2() de Septiemllbre.
SISIlDl I INDUSTRIAL.

7. ;Ls COitts del suLbsidio iidlstril 6 colitriblcioeslic'sole illndustri Y coiercio, asi Como todos los recargos iutniicipalles y de cohralza qIlledall redCucios Jt una solar cuoti en los tdrlillos (ite diSpolleii hos ar-ticliis sigliieltes.
S. Para las industries comprendidas el la trifit priiera se reducirI la cuota A las tres clilirtas partes, 6 sea el setenta Y cinco por ciento que eI la matricula v lists coral torias acttales corresponiden al Tesoro.
9. Quedn bolidtas por ahora las imposiciones comprendidas eI la ta-


I -,








16

rihI skgu-glda blijo los cpigrafes '">bresitelos personals". "Agentes comisioLadOs, "Corredores v Coi Hsigna tarios," "Empresas de Conciertos," "Einipresas periodisticas v otros a Imligas," "Ginasios" % "Establecimiiientos de ense anza." las demAs industries comp rcindidas en esta Tarifa Iagirlll COM CuOta U fnica para los municipios el setenta v Cinco por ciento tambiiti (1 Is tres cuartas parties ic la cuota del Tesoro, seg-(i las actuales lists cobratorias.
10. Cedc tambi6n ct Estado ,'t los mtnicipios los ingresos correspondientes d la tarifa tercera, v a CtIOta Anica sera la de las listas cohratorias ac tales para el Tesoro, ilenos la tercera parte i sea inenos el treinta v tres v un tercio por iento de la cota actual. Se exceptnan de la rebaja lls filbricas de licores, aguardientes yA otras beidas.
11. La tarifa cuarta queda ei suspenso por este decreto.
12. La tarila quinta asi como la lamada "Patentes," ailexa al Reglamento de 12 de Mavo de 1893, se reduecti al 50 por Ciento de sis ictiuales enotas, en ctiyl s trilinos se transfieren A los iiniicipios suprimidos tambien todos los reengOs, asi iimuiinicipales como de coraliza.

DISPiSiCIONE GENEiIALEs.

VI. ILS CoIlnrblleiones expresLLs serit exigibiles tti eii moneda tinriCaii i suS eqivalentes con arreglo A In orden del Presidente de los Estados Siiidos de 4 de Eiiero de 1899 publicada e la Gacetael 4de Atarzo de 1899.
V 11. LoS AVuntmicinos recaidatAn por si mismos estas contribucioes tjusttndos ,A los pireceptos de In Ley Municipal, aplieAndolas A los servicios ps ill-puestos.
VI ii. Las Adinilistraciones provinciales de Hacielda dentro de los veinte dias siguientes ]a ptiicaciiin de este Decreto remitirAn A los Ayuntamitientos d.esu territoriioCopia cer-tificada tde lts acttiileslistaseoliratorias. con insereini de Ia utilidad imponible, si se tratare de Iiicas rfsticas y urbaIas, para que aquellos procedan la corainza con irreglo al presente decreto.
I N. Quedan vigenltes po- alorat e cuanto no s Copongai A este decreto, las Icye, reglamitos y disposiciones complemtttntari as sore las contribucioiics transferidas.
X. Sc transfiere tain nlli A los ImuiCpiOs, Col cI elmisimo eLrteter 1prt )7 visional que los ailteriores, ef imptiesto de patentes sobrec la venta al por mayor y ienor de alcoholes, aguardientes y1 licores, que administrariAit v COb-t i-Arit Coli alrreglo A la iistrucein defiitiva de 119 de Enero de 1893 v Suis disposicionles comlpIlmetarialS pr a)l-.umen~tMIdts lIs tarifas de patentes lit expeildicinn ell uit ciilncieito puo c Cielto en las CiiicO primeras clases I ii ciento por ciento el las t-esta tes, que se pagai-Ai todas en moneda aieriCana 0 suis equivalencias. Las Administraciones prov-inciales de H acienda remiti-An A cada A viintamiento de sti territorio Iista certificada dc los Coltribuyentes por este concept, Col expieCsi iOn separada de los qItie hayan saliSfeChil la patente Y (IC 10S qUe estUVierenl p~endientes de Pago.
X I. Se cede asimismo I los AVniltlitiientos el ittipuesto sore las Coitoniias tele3icCs, culiy)is servicios sc limited ail 'Area de los t6-iilintos imunicipale-s: y. especiahineiiie SC tlrnsfiere a Lmuinicipio de la H abana el imipuesto cstablecido eli In R. (. de 18 de Mao te 1888 sore ]a Coipalnia TelefnilnietI de In l1abona.

EV .1ayor jenr kl dee I c Etado MaYor,

ADINA R. CHAFFEE.



ffeadquparters Divisimn 4)1 Ca,

Hacrna, March 29, 1899.

The Mliitary I;txtrilor of Ctba directs the publication of the following order:
The operation of the decree f Alarch 5, 1898, of Captain General 1).







17
Rnimin BlanicO, cxteldig file proviiis il previious (dcrees with regard to tlhe. COIIcctioil (if, debts 11pon city all country priOperties, is lhereby Further extended 0util the 80th day of April, 1899. Beflire that date tile .\Military Government will publish a finial decree, which shall govern in these Matters.

1. W. V. KENNON.
Assistant Adjota int General.

(TRAmCcc6 N.)
Cartel General e la Divisi6n ( (Jib0m.

Iahiaa, 29 de Marzo de 189P.

I 8 Gobernador General de Cuba dispOne la publicaci6n de la orden sigleiln te:
SI prorroga en todas sus partes hasta el dia 30 del pr6xiio files de .\ril el Decreto dictado en 5 de Marzo de 1898 por cl Capitn Geoeral I1. R a6ti Blaco, prorrogando d su vez el efecto de las dispisiciones anteriOres sObre aplazamiiielito de cobiOs de cr-ditos contra fintas. Durante el tiempo de esta nueva prtrroga este Gohierno Militar acordarn y pIblicara las nedidas de caricter definitivo que han de regir acerca (IeI particular.
El Coniandante de Estado May-or,
L. W. \. KENNON.



No. 31.
Healitiarteris Division of Cuba.

Havana, Mlarch 29, 1899.
n fLte recommendation of the Secretary ol Justice and Public Instruetion, the Military Governor of CUa directs the publication of the following order:
1. The dues xvhich have heretofore been paid to the Goverillnmeo-t for the issuing of aIcadmic and professional degrees of' any kind whatsoever, are herein abolished, and in future such degrees, conforming to the model which 1y3' he adopted, shall be issued free of cost to the persons entitled to receive them.
I. The Departimientof ustiCe aill] PUblic instruction Shall cause these degrees to be printed ill suitable manner, tile CoS of thie satme to be paid trom its apropriation for material.
III. All persons may rccciv degrees under this order, who have uL', dergon tle general examiniations preceding the issuing Of the degree, alld who may not yet have received it.
L. W. V. N1 ENNON,
Assistant Adljitanit eCueral.

(T'rD1cc16x)
Cartel G(eiieral de lI Divisionl de Cuba,
Habana 29 de Ili1rz de Ii99.
A propuesta (lel Secretario de justicia d Ilistruccion iIblica, el Gobernador General de Cubia 11 elidO I biell dispolier. Il publicaci6 i lit lo sigmienlte:
1. Quedan suprimidois los derecots qIuie hasta la teclia se pagaban al Estado por la expedici611 de titulos acaddmicos y professionals, de ct-al.








18

quiera clase lite seai, lis que elln b) wieliite se expdirnAi coiildoriie ;I Imiodcli Lie se acieirde, libre de gastos lari cl ilteresmiii.
I. La Secretaria de justicia i listrucci(III Pcbliea iarnIA imprimil en lanerl conveniente, los docimentos e IIue tales titlios consisted, CMl cargo a snsgastos de material.
ILI Puedeii aprox-CeCiai-se de los beiieficios deesta disposiciaii todos aqIujiellos (itue hulbieren hecho a iteriorimineite los Cxli m lene.s generales que Ilan de preceder A la expendici6n del titilo \ A los Lice ste no se ilubiere expedido en la actualidad.

El CoamandanIite L. \V. V. KENNON.








HI-Iadolpiq rters I ivision of'Cu a,
HIa ran, March 30, 1 9).
O1 tile reColendation ataif tl Secreta I.of Justice and I Public iastroetion, the Iilitary Governor of Cuba directs the publication of the follo-wing order:
I. Coiirts of justice xill eoitiine tii execute luilly the Dereesof l'Pardon, which the corner Governor of the Island, General jimnez Castellanos, granted to the members of the late Corps of Vlunteers oi the sixteenth andI twenty-seventh days o Decebnier, 1S9S, in the terms and under conditions expressed il said decrees, as modified and defined by the provisions of this order.
11 The courts alone shiall have the power to declare whether or not the pardon shall apply in any part iCilar Case. The authority, therefore, given bY the above mentioned decree of December Il, 1898, to directors of penal establishments, togrant this pardi to persons under their CUStodv, is here v revoked. Cases in which the said pardon has already been given its full effect vill not, however, he reconsidered.
IIl. The said pardon shall not he graiIted, except to persons who fulfill the conditions mentioned in said decree. If, il the same case, there were associated others who were criniially responsible, the proceedings against the latter shall continue until final judmuiit is rendered.
IV. To establish tile fact tha tan accused was actuillx a Volunteer and included within the teris of said pardon, there will le required a certificate of entrance into said force, executed in due fhirim1 ]iy the hers s15 regIllrly authorized to issue such papers, and dated prior to tile commission of' the crime. In the absence of such credenltials, there ma be sUbstitUted ti le certificate of the Spanish authority or finctioairv, at this date in charge uf the arehivxes iif tile Geaeral Subi-I islicctiiia if Vi iiintccrs. til the fact that these records show the dates of entrance into, and discharge friol, the Volunteers, oftlie le rsoiis coiineeri ed, or th it such persons belonged to the Volunteers oni the "1ist day of December, 1898. This certificate lust be duly authenticated.
V. Persons who possess iiill\- the credentials referred to in the first p irt (f the preceding article. al no other docuimient elly issued and supported by the archives mlcitioiied tHIerCiii, iy Which to eStabLilisli the fact that they bellnIged to the CoirpIs Of VohunItrcis at tieiiate oitlieeoiiiuiission Ou the Crilie, illay prove this act lihY the s\\oira statement of two witnesses.
\1. The iecused Inaix, at ,I it timle ilduring ti-aii or after sentence, produce the prooifs to which the preceding articles refer, and apply for his pardon.
L. XV. V. KENNON,
Assistant Adjutant Generzil.







19

(TRANJUCtoN.)
CIartel (eIwral1 de la Divisiml de Cuba,
Il:i,>n a, 30 de A'Urzo de 1899.
A propuesta del Secretario de justicia 6 Iistruccion pIlblica, el Gobernador Militar de Cuha ha tenido A bien dlisponer ]a publicacidn de Ia orden siguiente:
I. Los Tribunales de Justicia continuarAn aplicando hasta su completo cumpliiiento el indulto que los Decretos del que Iud Gobernador de Ia Isla, General jimi6nez Castellanos, concedicron A los individuos del extinguido cuerpo de Volun tarios en 16 y 27 de Dicienibre pr~ximo pasado, en los tdrinnos y condiciones en esos Decretos ex presados, salvo las niodificaciones y aclaraciones que A continuacion se expresaii.
II. Solo A los Tribunales correspondent el declarar si debe 6 no aplicarse el iudulto en cada caso particular. En tal concept se retira A los Directores de los Establecimientos Penales la facultad que el mencionado Decreto de 16 de Diciciibre les concedio, de aplicar por si mismos el indulto A los individuos constittlidos lajo SU CUstodia. Los casos en que dicho indulto haya sido ya efectivanente aplicado, no serhn, sin embargo, objeto de revisit n.
III. El referido indulto no sern aplicable sino A los individuos en quielies concurra la circunstancia que lo dletermina. Si en la misima causa unliere otros criminalmen te responsables, contra estos continuar el procedimiento hasta dictarse sentencia.
IV. Para justificar el carActer de voluntarios de los procesados que pretendan estar comprendidos en dicho inlulto, deberan 6stos presentar su credencial expedida en debida foria, en tieipo anterior A la conisiOn del delito y por las personas que reglamentariamente debieran autorizarla. En caso de que no la posean solo podrnnt suplirla por una certificaci6n expedida por la autoridad 6 funcionario espaiol encargado hoy de los Archivos de la Subinspeccini General de Voluntarios, con vista de lo que de esos archivos resulte y en la que se exprese Ia fecha de ingreso en el cuerpo y Ia de salida del individno al que se contraiga. o que atn aparecia perteneciendo al misno en 31 de Diciembre del pasado afo. Esta certificacidn debe presentarse debidanente legalizada.
V. Los individuos que s6lo poscan la credencial A que se refiere en su primera parte el precepto anterior y no otro documento por el que se acre(lite que a na pertenecian al Cuerpo de Voluntarios en la fecha de la comisidn del delito, expedido ilegalmente v con vista de los expresados Archivos, suplirAn Ia falta de este Altino comprobante con una inforimacidn de dos testigos.
VI. En cualqtuier tiempo, durante la sustanciacidn de la causa 6 despus de Ah sentencia, podrA el interesado producir la justificacidn A que los articulos anteriores se refieren y solicitar la aplicacidn del indulto.
El Co7omandantC dIC Estado 1M1Ia-or,
L. W. V. KENNON.


No. 31a.
lteadqtuarter-s Division of' Ouba,
H1niana, March 31. 1899.
The Military Governor of Cuba directs the pulication of the following order:
General order No. 11, from these headquarters. dated lavana, January 30, 1899, is herclbv icaflirmcd and the (nzewte o/ Ilarvoaln, (ccia (IC /a Iahaoi) Ciia, is announced as the official gazette of the Military Government of Cuoa. No tler will le so recognized.
l. XV. V. KENNON,
Assistant Alijitiant General.








20

(TRADUCCC6N.)
N' 31.
Cartel General de la Division de Cuba,

Haanna, 31 de Mirzo (Ie 1899. El Gobernador General de Cuba dispone la publicaci6n de la orden siguiente:
Queda reafirmada Ia orden general nnimero 11 de este Cuartel General, con fecha 30 de Enero de 1899, en la cual se publica que Ia Gaceta de hi 1I1hamn qtueda designada comio (/Cta oficial (IelGobierno Militar de Cua, Con tal ean etr oficial no se reconocern nitign otro p)erii(lico.
El ComaandantC de Estad) 1lay1or.
L. W. V. KENNON.



No. 33.

teadtqtuarters Division of Cuba,

Havana, April 1, 1899. Oil the recommendation of the Secretary of Justice and Public Instruction, the Military Governor of Cuba directs the publication of the following order:
1. The "Tribunal Local Contencioso Administrativo" is hereby abolished.
II. The trial of all suits which have heretefore been under the jurisdiction of the said Tribunal shall hereafter pertain to the Saln de lo Civil of the Audiencia of Havana.
L. W. V. KENNON.
Assistant Adjaint generall.

(TRADUcc16N.)

N? 33.

i-artel Genieral de ]a Divisi6n de Cuba,

Ilabaa, 1 de Abril de 1899. A propuesta del Secretario de Justicia 6 Instrucci6n Pfiblica, el Gobernador General de Cuba ha tenido A bien disponer la publicaci6n de lo siguiente:
I. Queda por el presente decreto suprimido el denominado Tribunal Local Contencioso Administrativo.
1I. El conocimiento de los asuntos referidos f la competencia de este Tribunal, pertenecer.t en lo adelante A la Sala de lo Civil de In Audiencia de la Iabana.

El Comandante tie Estado MaYor,
L. W. W. KENNON.








21


No. 38.

HeadlqimiLters Division (W 0 ba,

II nvoia, A pril 12, 1899.

On the recommendation of the Secretarv of State and Government, the liitary Governor of Cuba directs the publication of the following order:
I. The administration of cemeteries, constructed with municipal or other analogous funds, not proceeding from the Church, shall pertain to municipalities.
I. The administration of cemeteries, constructed partly with ecclesiastical funds and partly with municipal or other analogous fuuns, shall also pertain to municipalities, the Church receiving the proportional share of the receipts which inay belong to it.
III. The administration of cemeteries constructed exclusive with ecclesiastical funds shall belong to the Church, bit the questions of police and hygiene shall le tnder the direction of the ci vil authority.
IV. lunicipali ties, which, under the provisions of Articles I and II hereof, claim the right to the administration of a cemetery, at this time in the possession of and administered by the Church, shall present their claims, accompanied by doeainentary proofs thereof, before the proper Civil Governor, within two months from the date of this order, for decision as regards the question of administration. The Civil Governor will reiider decision, against which appeal may he iade to the courts having jurisdiction over administrative matters. Claims presented after the expiration of the said two months will not be considered.
V. The possession of any building or other property, evidently intended iir commonly used for religious purposes by the ministers, priests, or other official representatives of any church or religious seet, will he considered prima Thcie evidence of title to such buildings or property, until the question of ownership shall have been determine l by due process oflaw.
VI. The authorities of am municipalitv, in which there is no civil cemetery, will take iuimediate steps to establish one, due regard being had to laws ia the subject relating to public health and sanitary conditions.
VII. The decision, which may le mia:e, as ahove, with respect to the administration of emeteries, shall not affect the rights of the claimants to determine the question of ownership helire tile courts.
VIII. The Church may not he deprived of the administration of any cemetery of which it had charge up to the first day of January, 1899, anti where transfer has been effected, restoration shall be nade, until the decision of the Civil Governor has been rendered in the case.
IX. All decrees, orders or laws, or parts thereof, in conflict vith tlhe provisions of the foregoing order, are hereby revoked.

L. NV. V. KENNON,
Assistant Adtntic.

(Trl?.wuCloN)

N?. '8.

Ciiartel general I la I ivision (le Cuba,

bhamn, 12 /c Abril ce 1899.

A propuesta del Secretario de Estado v Gohernacidn, el Gobernador General de Cuba ha tenido ft bien disponer Ia publicacion de la orden siguiente:
I. Corresponde d los Ayiuntamiientos la adiiinistracidn de los ceienterios construidos con fondos imunicipales ii otros antilogos que no proceihtiii de 1a Iglesia.
II. Correspolde tambiemm (i los Amnitaiientos li aihmnimistracidin de los ecilen terios coni struitos ci ni foindoseclesidsticos v Ibalos Intnicipales Ci








22

otros analogos, percibiendo la Iglesia Ia cuota qcue proporcionalmente le pertenezca.
III. Corresponde -i la iglesia la adninistraci6n de los cementcrios construidos exclusivamente con fondos eclesiasticos, sin perjuicio de las cuestiones de policia 6 higiene, que serin siempre de la competencia de la Autoridad Civil.
IV. Los Ayuntainientos que 6 tenor de lo establecido en los articulos 1 v 2, se crean con derecho i la administracion de un cementerio que posea v administra actualnente la Iglesia, reclamnar'nn ante el respectivo Gohierno Civil dentro del tdrmino de dos meses, contados desde la publicacion de este decreto, acompahando los documentos justificativos para Ia resolucion que corresponda respecto la administraci6n. La decision del Gobierno Civil causar6 estado, y contra ella podra reclamarse en la via contenciosoadministrativa. Se rechazarn las reclamaciones que presenten despuns de transcurridos dichos dos mneses.
V. La posesitn de cualquier edificio 6 propiedad de otra clase, destinada 6 prop6sitos religiosos por los Ministros, Pfirrocos 6 otros representantes de cuaiquier Iglesia 6 secta religious. sern considered como titulo suficiente, hasta que la Ceesti6i de propiedad se decida en La via y forma correspondiente.
VI. Los Avuntaimientos de los pueblos en los cuales no exista cementerio civil, procldera de seguida 6 su estailecimiento, ajust.ndose i las disposiciones tie seguridad, higiene Y salubridad pfiblicas establecidas en las leaves.
VII. Las decisiones que se dicten en la via gubernativa 6 contenciosoadininistrativa, no inipedir6 el que los interesados pronmevan la cuesti6n de propiedad en la via judicial correspondiente.
VIII. Mientras no recaiga la decision del Gobierno Civil en las reclamaciones sore administracin de los cementerios, no podr6 privarse 6 la Iglesia de la que hava estado disfrutando hasta el primero de Enero de este aino, restituvndosele aquellas de que hubiera sido privada.
IX. Todos los decretos, 6rdenes 6 leyes que en todo 6 en parte contravengan las disposiciones que precedent, quedan por ]a presente derogados.

El Comandante de Estado Ma-or,
L. NV. V. KENNON.




No. 39.

Ii headquarters I)ivision of Cuba,
Havana, April13, 1899.

On the recommendation of the Secretary of justice and Public Instruction, the Military Governor of Cuba directs the publication of the following order:
I. In view of the abolition of Provincial Deputations. the "Institutos de Segunda Ensenanza" -which formerly depended -upon those bodies, shall hereafter he under the charge of the State.
II. The dues for matriculation, examination and other similarcharges, which were formerly paid to Provincial Deputations, shall hereafter be paid to the State. The abolition of dues referred to in Article 1 of the decree of March 29, 1899, shall also include the fees paid for degrees issued by the "Institutos" referred to in the preceding article.
III. The Treasury Department will pay approved accounts of the said "Institutos" accruing since the first day of January, 1899, and which remain unpaid by the Provincial Deputations.

L. W. V. KENNON,
Assistant Adjutant General.










(TPADUCCION. )

No. ,9.

Cliartel General de la Divisinit 41e Ctuba.

Hab/wn, IS de Abril de 1899.

A propuesta del Secretario de Justicia 6 InstrucciOn Piblica, el Gobernador General de Cuba ha tenidon A bien disponer l, pub1ilicacin de la orden siguiente:
1. Como consecuencia (I la supresin de las lDiputaciones I'rovinciales, los Institutos de Segunda Ensenanza, que dependian de los suprinidos organismos quedardn A cargo del Estado.
I. Los derechos de matricula, examen v demas que se abonaban allteriormente A las expuestas Diputaeiones, se considerarn como derechos del Estado. En tal concepto, ]a supresidn de aquellos A que se refiere el Articulo 1" del Decreto de 29 de Marzo pr6ximo pasado, comprender tamibin A los titlos que se obtienen por exaien en dichos Institutos.
1i i a SecretariaIC I aticnlda p A tOdaS Ias atenciOus apoI badis de los referidos Insti utos, desde Cl d ia 1 de EcCro del aiio actual eli Io adela1te, en tanto que estuvierien pendiCntes de pago por no haberlo veriicado las Diputaciones ya referidas.

El Comniadante de Estado MaYor,

L. W. V. KENNON.







No. 4-0.

iLea(Itarters Livisim01 of ulba,

Haviaiin, April 13, 1899
On the recomiendation of the Secretary of Justice and Public Instruetion, the Military Governor of Cuba directs the publication of the following order:
1. The Royal Decrees of February 1, 1894, and November (3, 1896, creating and establishing rules for the government of a Bureau of Pensions aid Retired Pay for Primary Teachers, are hereby revoked; the Deeree of' the late Autonomist Government, dated May 24. 1898, organizing a Board in Havana to take charge of said pension niatters, is also revoked.
I. The Director of Public Instruction is charged with the settlement of the accounts of the said Board, under the direction of the Secretary of Justice and Public Instruction.
III. The said Secretary is authorized to appoint two clerks, with an ainual salary of Eight H-undred Dollars each, ilt American money, to le under the immediate orders of the Director of' Public Iistruction, to aid hiii ill making the settlement above provided for.
IV. Dating from the first day of April, 1899, there shall be no deduction from the salaries of teachers of any grade, oi account of pecisions orretired pay, nor shall any deductio be made from the amount assigned to any school for material.
0. 11. ERNST,

Hrjgadier Gen-ral of Volunteers,
Acting Chief ofStaff


2,"








24


(TrAnUccidN.)
No. 40.

(iuartel General (le la Divisi6n de Cuba,

Ha hann, 13 de Abril de 1899.

A propuesta del Secretario de justicia Instruecido Pfiblica, el Gobernador General de Cuba ha tenido 6 bien disponer la publicacidn de la orden siguiente:
I. Se derogan los Reales Decretos de 1) de Febrero de 1894 v 6 de Noviembre de 1896, que crearon v regularon la institucina denominada "de haheres pasivos del Magisterio de Primera Ensefianza," asi coio el Decreto del que fue en Cuba Gobierno Anton6mico, dictado en 24 de Mayode 1898, organizando en la H abana una junta para que de esos haberes pasivos se ocupara.
11. Queda encargado ce liquidar dicha Junta el Secretario de Justicia 6 Instruccidn Piblica, que Ilevarh A cabo esta comisihn por medio del Director dc Instruccihn Phblica.
II I. Se autoriza al referido Secretario para la designacidn de dos otiiales con el liaber annual de ochocientos pesos oro americano, puestos a las 6rdenes iiinediatas del director de Instruccihn pfiblica que auxiliary. t este funcionario en los trabajos que tengan por objeto la liquidaciun antedicha.
IV. A partir del 1. de Abril dce 1899, no se distraerA del haberpersonal de los maestros, cualquicra line sea el concepto en que hubieren sido nomnbrados, tanto por ciento aL]guno de los quc se distraian para los haberes pasivos iencionados, ni tampoco se distraerA de ]a asignacihn de material por ciento alguno que para cl dicho objeto debia distraerse.
E/ Brigdier General dIc Voluntarios
Jefc dIe Estado Mayor Interino,
0. H. ERNST.


No. 41.
Headquartersl Division of Cuba,
Ha vana, April 14, 1899.
ie Military Governor of Cuba directs the publication of the following order:
ORGANiZATIo)N OF TiiE SiPREME COURT.

1. A Supreme Court is hereby created, which shall sit in the capital of the Island, and which shall have and shall exercise jurisdiction throughout Cuban territory. No other court or tribunal shall have the same title, character or category.
11. The Supreme Court shall be composed of a President or Chief Justice, six Associate Justices, and one Fiscal, two Assistant Fiscals, one SeCretary or Chief Clerk, two deputy Clerks and such other subordinate employees as may hereinafter be provided for.
I I1. The subordinate employees shall be six clerks for the Secretary; three "aguaciles," one door-keeper, two laborers, for the court; two clerks and one "i/gmncil" for the Fiscal.
IV. As a Court of Justice, the Supreme Court shall sit as a single bodv, consisting of t he President anid the six Associate Justices. Five Justices shall constitute a quorum to render judgment, but three may direct the course of pleadings and procedure. In appeals from sentences involving capital punishment or so-called perpetual penalties, or when the Fiscal or plaintifl shall apply for the infliction of any such penalties, not less than seven Justices shall sit at the hearing. All decisions and rnlings must be concurred in by a majority of the Justices sitting. In case of disagreement, the question shall be decided according to the Law of Procedure.








25

V. If, on account of valid objection to one or m1ore of the Jlist ices, or for any cause, the number of justices is reduced below that reqItli-ed for a quorumi, substitutes may be had in the following order: 1st, the President of the Audiencia of Havana; 2nd, the Presidents of the different departments of the said Audiencia; and, 3rd, the judges of' the same. Almiong those of equal grade, the senior judge in length of service shall le preferred, ;1n(1 in case two or more shall have the same length of service, preference vill be determined by seniority of age. This last rule will also be applied in cases w-herein a member of the court is substituted for the Chief Justice. If the case before the court involves a decision, either previously concurred in or rendered, in a case in which any of the substitutes have taken a lirt, other substitutes following next in order, as above, shall take their places, and the disqualified judge or judges shall refrain from sitting on the case.
V I. The provisions of the foregoi ng article shall likewise apply in all civil cases in which the justices may le divided in opinion, and there shall he lacking the nniher requisite to decide the issue.


CONsTITUTION AND ATTRIBUTEs OFTHE SUPRiEME COURT.

VII. The Supreme Court, in addition to its functions as a Coiui-t of justice, shall also meet in administrative session. When sitting as a Court of Justice, the Supreme Court shall have jurisdiction in the following cases:
1. Criminal actions which may le hereafter expressly and specifically placed under its jurisdiction.
2. Criminal actions instituted against the Chief justice, Associate Justices, Fiscal or Assistant Fiscals of the Supreme Court.
3. Criminal actions aIgalist the President of any Audiciicia, or against the President of one of the sections of an Audiencia.
4. Criminal actions against the Chief Clerk, or any of the deputy clerks of the Supreme Court for criminal oftenses in connection with the discharge of their official duties.
5. Criminal actions against the Secretary of in Executive Department of the Government, or against the Civil Governor of a Proviiice.
In the cases enumerated in the five preceding paragraphs, the Supreme Court shall have exclusive and originaljurisdiction to try and decide them in oral and public trial. The court shall designate a Judge of an Audiencia as a special commission to enquire into such cases and to present them to the court.
6. Actions for civil liabilities against the Chief Justice or ally of the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, or the President of ain Audiencia, or any one of its sections, or a Judge of such Audiencia or section.
7. Cases of objection to the President of the Supreme Court, or to one Or More of its justices.
In the last txwo cases the court shall proceed according to the methods prescribed by the Law of Ci\xil Procedurx.
S. Questions of consolidation or joining of actions, anld questions of ijurisdiction between judges and tribunals, xiwho have no other common superior than the Supreme Court.
9. Reviexw of rulings of Audiencias, denying the right of appeal to the Supreme Court fri oim decisions in xxhich arc alleged errors of law, of legal doctrine, or defects in procedure.
10. Petitions for annulment of'judgment for alleged error in law or legal doctrine, in cases where the lienaring of such petitions may have been admitted.
11. Petitions for annulment of juildgiient for alleged defects of forii in procedure, in cases where such petition may have ieei admitted.
12. The iierits of the case itself, where the Iiilllit ofe judgimiieiit asked for in the petition has been granted by the Supreme Court, on grounds of error in laxw or legal doctrine.
The provisions of the fixe preceding paragraphs shall appilv both to civil and to criminal matters, except in so far as they refer to oppeaIs for error in legal doctrine, which relate exclusively to matters of a civil charaeter.
13. Petitions for alnnlmenit of awards rendered by arbitrators.









26

14-. Petitionis for revision in civil, criiiial and adimiiiistrative matters (Contencioso Adlministratiro).
15. The execution of' dicisions reildred b v forciil courts in accordance with treaties and laws iow. il force, ir xhicli miiaY ie ellacted or decreed hereafter. Cscs re excepitedi vhieli may, bY trein Ly, he placed under the jurisdiction of other tribun;Lls.
I G. Proceedings to determine it" hcar-ilg should he grallted, whell judgient bv detalit has nlreadv ieen reiidered by Lh Supreie Court itself.
17. All extradition proccedings ii cases wherein tle SUpireme Court itself has jurisdiction.
is. Appeals from the decisions ofi the Audiencia of Ha vana iii admiinistrative cases (Contencioso Administritivo), as well as petitions for reversal of decision, iin which appeal ili such cases is denied.
1). Of any Other lmlitter Ofj adiCial character, which the I w iav hereafter place under its special jUrisiliCtioi.
VIII. The Supreme Court, whea sittig ill administrative sesions, is vested with the following authority and Ipowv xe rs:
1. To supervise the adiiiiiiistration oijustice througlout Cuban territory.
2. To decide all matters xx'lic] may le attribuLed to it bY lx, ail which are not under thejurisdictioi, as above stated, of the court when sittingi as Court ofJustice.
l. To iniake such reports as the GovermenL iiuiy iCieiesL, Concerning the idihinistration (d justice. tile Organizition oeourts aid conduct of business thercii, the adliiistratioo mi l finauciu allajfairs oi the judiciaiY, and, ii general, the prniitilgiatioii, I-el)eal aIiil refiirmn i1 laxx1s.
4-. To propose to tle Govenmi'eCit -lwhat it may dCCIII advisahle ir nececssary in the matters to which the preceding paragraph refers.
5. To exercise disciplinary jurisdlictioil ia the cases specified ill the Digest of Organic Regun tions for the Adiiiiiiistration of Justice, and il the law of procedure, iii the manner prescribed in said Digest.
6. To appoint and remove tile subordinate employees of the Court, on the recomiienidatio of tile Presiden t, excepLt as provided for ii paragraph 12, Article XI', and Article N X VI1.
7. To exercise such control as tle Iaws may confer upo it, over tile appointment, oath of office, and instilmneit ofjldicial officers.
8. To prescribe regulations for thu dress of lliCeers of the court, the iimethod of despa thing business, and the imiilnttnancc of Order ill the court.
IX. The Supreme Court, wheii in miiunistrative session, shall le composed, as when sitting as a Court Of Justice, if the Presidelt ;iiiid Associlite Justices of the Court: but ill addition, tile Fiscal, or Assistant Fiscal who m irepisnt lii, shall iiVxaribly be iiTreL :uiil shall haVC tie right to s5)eak anld vote, except wlien tile question it-fore the court shall involve the exercise of disciplinary jurisdiction: iin such cases the Fiscal shall confiiie himself Lo the ordinar- duties of his Ollice, ill accOrdance with the rules mentioned in Section 5 of tlit preceding Article.
X. Five of the above mentioned ieiliers if tle court shall coistitutc a iloruiii to hold I dmliiistrative session. All decisiolis shall be imade by a majioritv of the imiCIemb rs presciL, excCpt tiiat in Cases iiNxV)lxiig thie Cxercise of disciplinary jurisdiction, tile Fiscal or his substitute shall not count to fori the aforesaid quorum Of five.
XI. The imeetings of tle court iii aihiiiiiiistruitiVe session shall ordinarily le held wee-kl-, unless there shou l be no business peidilig before it: but in exceptional cases, the Presidenit, if lie deem it necessary, may c;ill an
-xtra sessli iOi at a ix- tilnie.
XII. The court, ill adminiistratiV seCssioi, shall be goveriled bv the rules coutained ill Title 10 Of The Di ,tst. in all ilMtters relating to the methods of voting and debating, the liailier Of liolilg sessions, ald attendance upon the same, the duties of tite SecrCtaiy, tie I-ecoiriig iif the Ilillutes aiiid if the votes tukeii, as well as other latter xvitlhiii the province of the court, in such session. FrOm this role are exct-ieid the IrOVisioins of Article 11 of The I Digest, i- so fir as these relate to tihe presence of the

Coipil"ciln rc his Disposicimnes orgbiicas Thix vill lheri aftr-l, ill thi- h r fer-redi in simply is J "The Dige-u.-








27

Assistant Fiscal, who, when present in place of the Fiscal, shall have the right to speak mid voite, as prescribe in Articlc I X.
XIII. The decision of the court, in ;idmiistrative session, must be aCComiIiiicd bV the re1 si olls therefor; but thev need not lecessa rily have the forim of "es/to melos" and "Consio/cra j/os," which 1 Inrm tile court may adopt ,it its discretion. In a case W1erein the court shall coniCtir in the writteii opiioii of the Fiscal ail the grounds thereof, it shall lie sullicielit to6' it to express its collfoiriiiitv with htth.

THE PRsIDiENT IF THiE COURT.

XIV. The ChiefJustice shall le the presiding officer ofthe Supreme COUrt, aud as such, shall II ave the Iill owiiig pweris:
1. To convene and preside over the court, either when sitting as a Court of justice or in miministrative session.
2. To eiiforce obedience to this decree and to all laws relating to the duties of his police.
3. To recommend to the Governient sueh measures as lie IIIa\ consider iecessary or advisale to insure the better :lmiistration ofijustice.
4. TO ieceiVme iiiil desitCh ollici;Il CoiiesPIoNeiice.
5. To forward, with his opinion thereoi, all aetitiiis,complaints ad reports, which the court, tile associa te justices or sniordinates thereof, may present to the Government.
G. To receive excuses of the associate justices, officers and subordinates of the court Ior non-attendlaIIee thereon.
7. To see that all ,Issociaite justices, officers and suordiiates of the court lull y perform tlieir it y, and to issue such orders ns lie ia v deei advisable to insure the discharge (d' their functions.
S. To indicate to the Fisc il wlit lie Ina v consider advisible for the better administration oi Justice, so far as relates to the Fiscal and his subordinates, 1tit Witouot Coeiiniunicatinig directly v with such subordinates or restricting, in anyx way, the iree action of these officials. When lie considers it iecessary, lie will report to the Governiniit what he'may diieem advisable conicei'ni ig the Fiscals and their duties.
9. To report to the court such acts of the associate justices as max deserve disciplinary correction, and also ofienses which tile said Jtstices na' hiv'Ieoiiitted in the dis-hai'e of their ollicial functions.
10. To report to the Government all vcaiciCs occurring in the court, which should le filled by appointment ly the Government, as well as all vacancies, due to ally, cause, xxhiel Ima, for cy i considerable time, prevent axn' officer of the court friomi performing his duties.
11. To hear complaints presented to him bv interested parties, conceriiiiig dClay ill the administration ofijui tice, in cases Pellding before the Supreme Court, or before am AudienCi'; to tike such Imeasures in the case as Iiia be within his autioiity; to reer the emlplaint to the court, and, if it refers to a case spending before ni Auudi(i1, to Cdll it to the attention of tile Ilresident of' such Aadiencia.
12. To appoint and discharge, at will, tile laborers employed in the court.
13. To establish rules for the good order and preservation of the archives and library of time court.
1-. To notify the court when lie hiiself'is niaile to be present.
X'. The President of the Supreme Court shall never be designated as I ponente.'
XVI. The president of the Supreme Court shall have authorit' to decide finally appeals against decisions of Presidents of Audiencias, in all cases wherein the latter take cognizance of appeals against the opinions of "Registradorcs de ho PIro/>iedai(" conceriniiig documents presented for record, whether presented b private parties, or lv order of court; there is likewise conferred upon him the authority w'hichi the "Reg imento d/e km Ley Jlipote'arin" vests in the "Sccchin (I los Recgistros 6 del 1inisterio de Ulbr'mar," and which was later vested in the corresponding section of the Department of Grac and Justice, and Government, of the(i Generi Governmiieut of the Islaiild, during the Atitonmimiiist r'egimie.








28


THE sECRETARY O CHIEF CLERK.

XVII. The duties of the Secretary shall extend to the court in all of its sessions, and to the office of the President.
XVII I. It shall he his duty:
1. To keep the seal of the court.
2. To seal and record the letters and other documents ordered lv the Court to be issued officially or written to interested parties.
3. To keep a book of registry, in which shall he copied literallv the documents mentioned in the preceding paragraph, copies of which shil le issued only on the written order of the court.
4. To have direct charge of the archives and the library of the court, with the responsibilities and duties prescribed in articles 220-225, both inclusive, of The Digest.
XI X. When the court sits as a court of Justice, the Secretary shall exercise, in the appeals and proceedings before the court, the functins appropriate to his office, as prescribed in the Code of Civil Procedure, and those enumerated in Articles 196 and 197 of The Digest now in force.
XX. \Vhen his other duties as Secretary of the court, or in the President's office, reialer it necessary, these functions shall lie performed by the deputy clerks of the court. In such cases the said deputy clerks shall sign papers and documents and shall perform all the duties proper to he performed by the Secretary, whom they represent, but their signatures must lie preceded hy the words "por dclegacin. "
XXI. The Secretary, when the court is in administrative session, shall, in person, attend to the matters before it and shall not delegate these duties to any other person, except that, in case of his absence, his duties shall develop upon the senior deputy clerk of the court; should there le two or more such clerks having equal length of service, the said duties shall develop upon the senior in age.
XXII. As Secretary of the President's office, lie shall, with the President, despatch such business as may be assigned to him, in accordance with this decree.

TUE' DEPUTY CLERKSOFTHE COiTIis.

XXIII. The deputy clerks of the court shallissue summions, subpm)nas and notifications; they shall call for records of proceedings held out of court, and perform any other duties to lie discharged Ioutside of, aiiil by order of the court.

THi E FISCAL AND AssIsTANT FISCAL.

XXIV. The Fiscal of the Supreme Court shall lie Chief of the Fiscals of the Island, and will le directly responsible to the Department ofjustice only; Articles 4.56-460, both inclusive, of The Digest, are accordingly made a part of this decree, with the exception that for the words "La Monarqua'" there shall be substituted the words "c territories Cubano" in all cases wherein the former expression is used, and for the words "Ministerio dc U/tranar'" the words "Secretarin (IeJusticia" shall lie substituted.
X XV. Articles 452-465, both inclusive, of The Digest, shall also lie continue(] in force, so far as they concern the Fiscal and Assistant Piscals of the Supreme Court.
XXVI. The Assistant Fiscals shall assist the Fiscal in the duties of his office, in such manner as he may direct. When acting for the Fiscal thev will sign papers drawn ill) by them, placing before their signatures the words "por dclggacion."
XXVII. The Fiscal shall have authority to appoint and discharge, at will, the subordinate employees of his office.

SUBoRDINATE EMPLovEEs.

X XVI II. The clerks of the Secretary's office shall not appear officially in judicial proceedings or pleadings, which the officers of the court are required to act upon in person and to authenticate with their own sigia-








29
tures. The Secretary or deputy clerks of the court shall supervise and 1e responsible for the work of tie clerks, who, in general, shall be under the direct orders of these oflicers, to ii antdi] co-operate w'iti themi in the discharge of their duties.
X XI Tle clerks of tile Fiscal sliall hiave direct charge iii the records of that oilice, and sh all render the Fiscal services similar to these referred to in the preceding Article, ill regard to the clerks of tle Secretarv.
XXX. Thile "Ali lgaciles" Ili d door-keepers sliall dischargetie duties prescribed in Article 27) of The Digest for such ciiplovces.
XXXI. The President of the Court shall reiiluate the duties of the "lgiuci/cs," dioor-keepers and laborers ila such a miian1ic r as Ile minV deciim proper. The Fiscal shall di tie saMUC wit regir to his subordinate employees.

APPOINTiMENT, TERM OF OFFICE, PRIORITY, POSSESSION OF OFFICE, iiATiiS
OF oFFICE AND SALARIES OF FiNCTIONAIZIEs, EMiPLOVEEs AND si'ioDINATEIS IN THE SUPREME CO-'RT.

XXXII. The appointment of all oflicrs of thc Supreme Court, with the exception of the subordinate emplovees, sh all ble made i- the \l Ii tiarY Governor, oin the recouendation of the Secritarx of Justice.
XXXIII. Senioritv and precedence with fdicers of the saie girde shall le determined by date of appointment, mid if tile incumbents shall have been appointed hv the same decree, all will he comsidCred as of Cqual rank, and the order of precedence will be determined yi age.
XXXIV. The President, justices, Fiscal iiid Assistant Fiscals shall, upon the inauguration of tle court, make oatli before tie Military Governor of the Island, in the forn that may he ircuquired, and shall take possession if their ofIiees, the court sitting il public administrative session. The Secretary and deputy clerks shall likewise take oath and assumuc charge of their duties before the court in public session, as above.
XXXV. The annual salaries of all the officers of the Supreme Court shall be as follows, and shall 1Ie payable monthly in Inited States ioney or its equivalent:

The President, six thousand dollars.
The Fiscal, Five thousand seven hundred and fift dollars.
The Associate J justices, five thousand five lunmdred dollars each.
The Assistant Fiscals, five thousand dollars each.
The Secretary or Chief Clerk, four thousand dollars.
The Deputy Clerks of the court, two thousand live hundred dollars.
T[le Clerks of the Secretary and of the Fiscal, ole thousand dollars.
Other Clerks, six hundred dollars each.
Tile door-keeper and gucics" foiri- huitildred and fifty dollars.
Laborers, three hundred dollars each.

Should the court or the Fiscal dcei it mmCcessarv, they ii11t3 ieiluiire one of the last iiaiiied clerks of the Secretarx's office and of the Fiscal's ollice to le stenographers, in which case they' shall have in annual silar if one thousand dollars.
XXXVl. The Court shall be granted fifteen hundred dollars aiinuallv, in United States ioncy or its equivalcnt, for the purchase of macurI. This amount shall le distributed between the offices of the ]'resident and the Fiscal, in such proportions as iiav 1e decided by the court in administrative session. The President 'nd Fiscal shall have authorit x to disburse their respective amiiounts in such manner as they iiiamy deci proper.

Qt'ALIFICATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR APPOINTMENT TOI OFFICE IN TIE SUPREME COURT.

XXXVII. To be clegible for apointment to the oice of President, Justice, Fiscal, Assistant Fiscal, Secretary or Deputy Clerk of the Supreme Court, the following requirements Must Ile cOmpli d -with:
1. The person must le a Cuban, or declare in oath that he accepts







30

Cuban citizenship, provided he be a person included within the provisions of A rticle 9 of the Treaty of Paris of December 10, 1898.
2. Ife must be of age, that is, more than twentY-three years of age.
3. IIe itust be a lawyer.
4. Ile must not labor under any of the disqualifications or incapacities herein stated.
XXXVIII. The following persons shall not he appointed to any of the aforesaid offices:
1. Those mentally or physically unsound.
2. Those against whom true bills have been found on any indictment whatever.
3. Those who have been sentenced to any "pena correccional" or ":i/ljctia," unless Ile shall have duly completed such penalty, or shall have leen totally pardoned.
4. Those who have served a sentence for any defense, which, by reason Of the nature of the offense itself, or the character of the penalty, would injure the reputation.
5. Those who are bankrupt, or who have made assignments and have not iecen disClharge.(
G. Those persons, not merchants, who have made assignments for the betneflit of creditors, until their good faith shall have been adjudged.
7. Debtors to the public fund s s "second contributors."
s. Persons ofiimiral or vicioUs 11hiits, a0d, in general, those whose acts of omission or commission, though not plunisliable by law, give them N1 titinsiaiviry reputation.
XX X I X. The offices mentioned in Article XXXVII are incoipatible

1. The exercise of any other jurisdiction whatever.
2. The holing of any other office, or position, of the Government, of a province or mutnicipality.
:. Employ mncat as a clerk, or in any other subordinate position an any other tribunal or court.
XL. Articles 76 to 79, inclusive, of The Digest, are declared applicable to the Supreme Court, but the reference made in Article 77 to Article 75, shall be understood as relating to the preceding Article of this decree.
XLL The President and justices of the Supreme Court, as well as the Fiscal and the Assistant Piscals, shall not practice the business of lawyer, solicitor or notary public; they shall not engage in any industrial, iercantile or speculative pursuits, in the nane ofthemselves, their wives or other persons, nor shill they take part in any enterprise, such ts commercial company or corporation, as partner, director, managing partner, superintendent or counsel. Violation of this rule shall be considered as resignti tion of office.
XLIL Neither the Secretary nor any clerk of the court shall practice law or le a solicitor or a notary public. Violation of this rule shall le considcredI as a resignation of flice.
X IAIL To ie a suiOrdiiate eiiiployee of the court, the person imust possess the filst two reiqunirements of Article XXXVII of this decree, must he able to read and write, must be ofgood moral character and free froi ai iif the first four disqualifieations enumerated in Article XXXVIII.

0. I. ERNST,
Irigadivr (enerul i if Voliiteers,
Acting- Chiefol SnIK.

('en nUcc16x.)

No. 41.
UCartel General (te ila ivisi~iji de Cuba,

Habana, 14. de Abril de1 599.

El Gobernador General de Cuba ha tenido : bien disponer la publicawid1 de lo sig aiente:








31

I. S- cream por el presente Decreto tn Trilliuml que se Ile not li aril "Suprelmlo," que 11 II. 1L "Tribnnal Sunreino" se componidra de tin Presidente, scis Magistrados, Ii sei 1s TeICientes-Fiscnles, Un Secretario, dos oficiales de Sala v demnis personal subiIterno line lucgo se enUinerarn.
ill. ElI personal subalerno estara constituido por tres officials y tres escribieItes de Secretaria, tres alguaciles, un portero v dos mozos de limpieza que se asignan al Tribunal; dos escribientes Y till alguncil parl In Fiscllia.
IV. Sera una sola lIt Sala de Justicia de! Tribunal, Coilpuest d(let PresidenIte v los seis Maistrados. La Sala necesitarit por lo mcnos de cinco MNaistrados para dictar autos v sentenciaS, y de tres para dictar providenis. En los rectrsos contra sentencias quc llevaren consigo condenas de Iluerte 6 penas perpetutas, 6 cuando el Fiscal 6 la partc ICUsaLdIra sOliCitare la imiposicitn de alguna de estas peas, la Sala Se Cemipolldra necesariamente de site. Todas las resoluciones se dietariil por IIIIvIor IN absolute de los votos ie collcurran A acorda1lns. En los ensos de iiSCrIdia, SC CstarMIn Jt 10 tue, sobre el particular, disponen las leVes procesalcs.
V. Cuando por reclisaciln 6 cLaluier otro inotivo est6 impedido de flilCionar ll Mllgistrado () m s de ino, si el nminiero de los que quedareni no fuere sllficiente para diCtlr la rCSltiillll (IC (file SC trate, SuipIlirnil por s11 orden; el Presidente de la Aulieincia de It IIalmim, los PresiitIItCS ILe Sla1, y los Magistradls de la llisma. I ntre los de igual categories se prefcrirn' Ill m1111s alitiguo; y en caso de antigiiedad igial al de Mayor dlId. Este Iltimio Criterio se aplicara taimbi6n t los casos en que liaya de sustituirse, dentro del imiismio Tribunal Suprelno, A su Presidente I (I su Fiscal. Si se tratare de recursos contra tin fallo eI el que alguno de los que havaln de suplir hubiere concurrido A dietarlo 6 intervenido en la trllmiitaeioi deljuicio eCI que reCaiga, suplirA aquel que en el expuesto orden le siga, abstenicndose de toda intervencid en el recuirso el funcionalrio en el iue algunal de tales circtLancias concurra.
VI. Lo dispuesto en el precedenite articulo se entenderil asi misio lllicable .1 los casos de discordia en inateria civil, cuanldo denitro del lUisllo Trilbtunal Supreino no se hallare cl nniero necesario de dirillentes.

DE LA cOxs-r CiON Y AT'I'ICIINitES lEt. TRtIiNAI SmI-PREo.

\ II. l Tribnnal se coistittir-ii elI Sala (IC ItIStiCi,' I elI Salat tIC GOhierno. Corresponde al Tribunal Supreio cotistittildo I Sal I dc justicia, el cioncimiiento de los asuiitos siguielites:
V', De his eusas line, ex)resl y limitativamiente atrililyan el loi ldela1te, A su1 co1lociiliento lls leaves.
2' De laaseusas line seguidas contra el Presidenite, Fiscal, Nilagistrados, Uiscales v Tenientes-Fiscales de las Audiencias.
1* De kts seguidas contra el Secretario y Oficiales de Slla del Imiislil Triibtal Supreino por delitos que hubieran coietidoi cl ejercicio dc sus funciones.
5? De las causes seguidas contra los Secretarios de Despaci del Goherividor \Militar dc la Isla y contra los Goberlaloreseiviles de Provincils.
Hit los cinco casos prec~edentes collocern elI finien ilnstanei V ell julicio oral p11blico. hl propio Tribunal designara tin Magistrado tie Audiencia el especial Co11isilli para la ils CrtlCcin del s1iario.
6. De los Juicios de respoilsabilidad civil contra el Presidelltc Y MagisLraldo del propio Tribunal Supreio 6 Presidentes, PresidenteS de Sala N Mngistirados de las Audiencias.
7. De los incidentes tie recusaeilIl del Presidente del Tribunal Y de into 111,1S Mag~ist-rados; del mliSmo1.
Ell los dos CIsos precCdentes colloce rA ell i; forilla ordeada por la Lev de iEijuilicialilicito Civil.
8'' De ins cucstiones de acumulaitn 6 de competenicia que se susciten entree Jueces y Tribunales que no tengan otro superior coaniin.
9. De los recursos de Iueja contra los autos en line se designe la ad-










in i it del recu rso ie casacian por infracciin de 1ey (1( doc trina legal 6 por qluebrallta~liito deC forma.
10' D los recursos de casacial por infracciin de ley i1 doctrine legal q111 hIUbieen sido admlliti(IOS.
11. De los recnrsos de casacitn por (Inebrantamiento de forma qne hubiesen sido admitidos.
12' 1 De las cuestiones de fondo, ctiando se babiere declarado con Iugar el reeu-so interpuesto por infracein de Icy t de doctrina legal.
Lu dispuesto en Ios citco precedentcs pA rrafos se cntender asi en lo que se refiere ;t asuntos civiles como criminales, salvo en lo line concierne A la casaciOn por infraceidn de doctrina legal, privativa de los asuntos de carActer civil.
13 De los recursos de casaciOii intcrl)tLestos cotlira las sentencias de los a itigablIes componedolres.
14. De los recursos de revision asi en materia civil como criminal 6 contencioso administrativo.
15? Del cumplimiento de scttencias prpnunciadas por Tribunales extranjeros con arreglo ,t los Tratados y A las leaves que continlien vigentes y tInc se celebren 6 dicten en lo sucesivo. Se exceptna el caso de tue, en los tratados que se celebren se atribuya so conocimiento t otros Tribunalcs.
1 ;i' Dc los incidentes sobre si debe concederse antdieiicia en rebeldia al litigate condeuado por el Tribunal Supremio.
17* Del procctdiimiento para la extradiecitn, cuando conociere de la causa cl mismo Tribunal Supremo.
18 ? De las apelaciones de sentencias dictadas por la Audiencia de la Ilabana ei asuntos coitiencioso-adiiiiistrativos, asi como tamllbidn de los recursos de queja contra los autos en tine se deniegue Ia admisi6n de una apelacin interput.sta en estos asuntos.
19" De cualquier otro asunto de carActer judicial, que ei lo adelante pudierai dlelerir las leves A su especial CO)petencia.
VIllI. Correspondlernn al Tribunal Supreio, constituido en Sala de Gobierno, las facultades signientes:
1" Velar por la administraciin dc justicia ei todo el territorio eubano.
2.' Despachar todos los asuntos que por las leaves le sean atribuidos v tIuc no entren ei la competencia, antes expuesta, de la Sala de Justicia.
V. Evacuar los informes que cl Gobierno pida a] Tribunal, relattivos I la adm ii I istracitn de justicia, i la organizacidn y1 regimen de los Tribunales, A lis suntos gubernativos v ectntmicos de los mismos; como, en geteral, A Ia promulgaciAn, derogaci611 v reform de las leaves.
4-" Proponer al Gobierno lo qine considere necesario 6 conveniente etn Io relative los asuntos A que se reficre el ninero anterior.
5'. ljercer ia jnrisdiccidn disciplinaria, en los casos que se determinan en la Compilacion, (Ije fIn prominltada en esta Isla, de las disposiciones orgmnicas de Ia Administracin ti ijsticia y eti las leyes procesales, y en Ia forita tite eli estos preceptos se estiblece.
4W Niotibrar v separar, At propiesta del Presidente, A los empleados subalternos del Tribunal salvo lo dispuesto en el inciso 12 del articulo XIV v eli el el articulo XXVII.
7' TendrA ademAs la intervencitn qtUe lis leaves le concedan en el notiiraimiento, juramnento Y toma de posesin de los funcionarios judiciales.
S Dietar disposiciones de carceter reglamentario, para la march v oiidcn interior del Tribinal, asi conio h1rt determinar el tirtje (lue sits funcioiarios hian de usar en actos oficiales.
I \. La Sala de gibierno se compondrn, ttcon> la de Justicia, del Presidente y \agistrados del Tribunal; pero adeimns asistin siempre A ella el Fiscal u Teniente Fiscal que dea sustitiuiirle, col voy v oto, I nlcntos tine se ticate del cjercicio de la jurisdiccia disciplinaria, en ciyts casos el Xlinisterio Fiscal se limitar eAjercer Itis funciones propias de st cargo y de acurdo coi los p receptos im encionadosencl n miro 5. del articulo anterior.
X. BastarA li concit-reltcia de cinco funcionarios de los que deben comp terla, para qie se estime leganliieiite cOiStit litid' la Sala Ae gobierno. Los acuierdos se toiitrnAl por inayoria tluSt inta Cinti-e los coincurrentes. En los casos de ejercicio de la jurisdicci6n disciplinaria cl Fiscal 6 Teniente que le sustitva ya no se conitalrt etitre los cinco I qte deben concurrir al acuerdo.
XI. Las reuniones del Tribunal Supremo en Ia Sala de gobierno teil-










drnAn igar ttna vez por somana, ordinariaiicnte, a ienos que no hava iogfn asunto pendiente; 6 en los casos extraOrdinarios en (lie el Presidente lo juzgare preciso y convocare al efecto.
XII. En todo o'l quie sc refiere a la manera dc discutir v votar, 1odo de verificar las renniones, asistencia A ellas, funciones die Secretario, libros de actas y dc votos reservados y demnAs particulares concernientes a] fmcioamiento del Tribunal en Sala de Goliilo, se observann los precepts contenidos en el Titulo X We la CompilaciIn antes citada. Se exceptiia cl precepto del articulo 311 en lo (jUe s refiere t la asistencia 1c un TriliunIal Fiscal, que cuando cotncurra en represcntacioii del Fiscal, tendrfi voz Y voto, cono queda dicho cie cl articulo I X.
XIIl. Los acuerdos d la Sala de Gobierno serdn foodados; sin (I te sea precise darles la iorma de "Resultandos" y "Considerandos," la cual seri potestativa. En los casos de eonforntidal con el dictamen esCrito tiel Fiscal v con los iiotivos en que lo apoye, hastara (ute se exprese la conforaiidad en tmboilos puiltos.
D(l. PREsiDENT IEL TRIBUNAL.

XIV. La direccidn superior del Tribulal Supremto estiart A cargo de so Presidente, al cual, en tl concepto, correspondern las siguientes atrihucioles:
V" Reunir y presidir el Tribuiil constituido en Sala de justicia 6 t gohierno'.
2? Hacer cunplir este Decreto y todas las loes ite se refieran A funCilones qtie, pOI Su cargo, le estdn encomendadas.
3" Exponer al Gobierino to que estiiic necesario o conveniic para la ms cumplida administraciIn de justicia,
4? Recibir v despachar lIt correspondencia official.
5" Dar curso; con su informed, A las solicitudes, qnejas y coIsoiltts (ie el Tribunal, ya constituido en Sala We justicia 6 en Sala de gobierno, v los M!agistrados, auxiliares v subalterios del Tribunal muisni eleven a] Gohierno.
6? Recibir las excusas de asistencia de los Magistrados, auxilinres y subalternos del Tribunal.
7? Cuidar de liue totlos los Magistrad(os, tUxilittrcs y subtaltcinos dl Tribunal llenen cumplidamente sus deberes, comniiearles las 6rdencs que estiie convenientes al deseipeiio de sus funciones.
8?" Llamiar al Fiscal para hacerle las indienciones q ie considered oportIUts prt lia iejor tdilniiistraci6n dejusticia relatives A el y 't sus subordinados, sitl que se entienda directamtcei t con estos Ii coarte la liicrttd We acci6n del Ministerio fiscal. Cuando lo considere oecesario, pod'rA dirigirse al Gobierno, mianifestando lo lie, relativaiente I Mii nisterio fiscal cstime oportuno.
9" Poner ei conocimicto de la Sala We Gobierno las faltas de los Magistratdos tine puedan dar lgttr fi correccione's discipilinarias y e la Sala ie justicia, como Tribunal coipetente los delitos (ju coicmtan ell el ejercicto de sus funciones.
10". Dar cuenta al Gobierno de las vacantes tie OcUinIii ell el Tribunal cuando por el Gobierno deban nombrarse los (lite (ian de cubrir las plazas, asi como de IIS lite temiporahinnitte se produzcan por ciuilquier motive que, por un tiunpo apreciale, aleje t algfin funicionario tel Trihmmal del jercicio de sus funci'tes.
11" Oir las qticjtIs refcrCietes ittA thi iditistrtaci6n dejusticia (lte le preseit tea los interesados relatives t asuntos peidientes ante el Tribonal 6 ate cutaliuier Audiencit por el retraso en It despaclio; adoptar lts provid-ecias (ue estdit dentro tie sus facultades; p ner il tja e conocimitieto de It Sala de justicia 6 de gobierno; Y si sc refiere A asinito pciii Ite tIte aa Audiencia, laimiar la te i i sobre ella al Presideit de la iiisimi.
12' Noibrar v separr libremente los mozos de limpie z del Triil.
1 $1? Dietar las imedidas qie sean necesarias o coilvelieittes para el hue orden v conserVtciOn del Arehivo v Biblioteca del Tribunal.
14? Aisar al Tribunial cuando no pudiere asistir a] misio.
XV. El Presidente el Tribunal, nunca scr desiiinado colo poilente.
XVI. Correspondert a] Presidente del Tribunal Suprenio Ia facultad











dIC rest I r c C ii ti mIIa i sit I t;Ii1 it5 It Mla ICSi s I CS i Ilt Cr IM ngailiI con tIt I(o resielto por ins Ir'csi (Ic II s ic .\tIicI ias eli t I)doIs lits I sos e I e tjsi ( IS dcan concern dc iciccuiss inte-piestos coltrat ilis ctlificacimnes line IIgIII los Registiradores de la Propiedat de dUiCII tos n-rsCntiiados al Re'ist 11, ya sean presentados por pirticulares, ya expedidos por la Autoridad jdicial; atribuyi6iidosele asi por este precepto las fcul tades que el Riegliunito de la Ley lipotecaria asigna la Secci6u de is eiegistros y del Notariio del Ministcrio de Ultraiar, y utc fueron posterioriiente asiginadas A la respective Sccinn de la Scrctiaria de Gracin y Justicia y Gobernacion del Gobierno General de ]a Isla, durante el regimen autoniimico.

iEL. sECRETARii.

XVII. El Seretario 10 sCeA tIC la Saia de Ssicii, ti hi Sili te (ohierno v de la Presidencia.
XVIII. Son funciones itropias del Secretario:
1. Conservar el Sello del Tribulial.
2" Sellar y registrar as cartais y despachios Iticu iiilnldase libirair c1 Triiunial. para las parts intcrcsadis 1c de oficio.
8" Llevar un Registro exacto, el que estdi copiios IiteraIicntc Lts dociuinictos expresados ei cl tintmetO anterior, Y itt tit copia dc ningutio de ellos sin orden escrita del Tribunal.
4". Estar ai frAite del Archivo y BitlioteCei il Tibiulial, coiL ].-s tiiiiacionies que A los Archiveros asignan los artictlos tiei 220 ,ii 225 (ambos inclusive) de lI Compilaciin.
XIX. Coino Secretario de la Sala de IustiCia, tendrAn cii los recursos y actuaciones que cursen ante el Tribunal Supreno la ilitervencion y funiciolies (file le Soi propias, confoie A los precepts hi las leaves procesales, y las oblig acitones que determine lo s :lrticulos 19G Y 197 de la Conpilaciun vigente.
XX. PodrA delegar el cIIIplimieio (Id todas cstas functions en los Oficiales de Sala cuando sus o)perCiolles coMO iecretario de ]a Sala dc gohierno v de la Presidencia lo hicierei prcc;to. Ell estos casos dichtos oficiales actuarnn comio "deleiados'' y firmariAn las actuiacioics v docinuentos cumpliend o Coli los deberes propios tei Seect arit tiin representan. Comol ante-firma cxpesara ue lo Iacen 'ipor dclcgaciA."
XXI. Coio Secretari da iiie 11 ,Lhi de Gobier > clitender n en los ilnegocios guberiiativos tel Tribiutl I iotpodtnI delegar estas funciones, ell las line, sin embargo, sern sUstitiiido en casots cn qu csitU'icrc imptdido de jercerlas por cl oficial tie Sal miins aitiguo. 6 el ie mtins etid ell (.Is,) de antigiiedad igual.
X X II. Como Sceretario de ilI PIecsidcicia despachani con l Presidente del Tribunal los asuntos que A odste result i ciicomiendados ell este DcreIto.

DE LOS OFFICIALS DIE SAiLA.

XXIII. Les corresponderA Jitcer ios eipltianiiieitos. cittciones y notificaciones, recogidas de tILOs V toid: otra diligectcia tpUe dba practice rsc fuiera dc la prescicia judicial Y (iei ordel tiei Tribunal.

DEL FISCAL V TENIENTE FIsCALES.

X XIV. ELi Piscal (iei Tiiitlti SUrl)IettM serti cL JeC icdil Iiitisteritt fiscal en toda Iti Isla xt no dependcrI sillo dirLCtaineuttc Ie la Seccitaria de Justicia. Se declarInII cit ctllScuellnci vigctis lts at ItiCns ilci i 1.5G .-60 (aMibOs inclusive) Ie lN CMItipil6it, CtU i Si el Cel Ir elic iecet t estuvicsen reproducidos: sin mis difttici a qe la tic sustittii, en tOdas las cisiOnes ei (]Ile Iili SC iiablt ie iI "Mon ari Z1 A CSti Vxpr-si6n la (IC "tI tei-ritorio c o ctiando Se habla dei "liili'stieio de I iti-tiiar" sustit-ir
estas palabras po- Ias tId "SCtiiLiia Ile JlSticit."
XXV. Se iICCIeliaii igUahilete Vigit ies itts aritictllos 4-52, 453, 454. 455 de la citada Conipilacidn; en cUatto Soil aplliclIbis aIl Fiscal Y Tenliettes Fiscales del ri-ibUllal SUp-Cito.
XXVI Los Tenicutes rjscals dcl-rdu iiauxiiliar al Fiscal, ei la form que este disponiga. en los tralbtajos todos Ie Ia Fiscalia. Cuanido actrien por








35

el Fiscal firmarAn los escritos qIle pro (dtizcnn v c ouninenciones (Iue expidan, expresanldo que lo hincen "por dlgcd.
X XVII. CorrcspvndcrA nl Fiscal in fiictultid de nonbrar v separar liifilllente a] nuxllmr (lel despachlo.

Dnl PE0RsoNAL SU'ALTHRNO.

X X VIII. Los oficiales de Sccreta riii il apmirecerna oficialiente en las diligencias v ictunciones judiciales, ell las que el Secretario v los oficiales de Sala ban de intervenir necesariamente v ant orizar con su presencia y firma; estar'ah A las Ordenes directis Cie estos parn prestarles la ayuda v cooperacidn que se le indiqne en el ejercicio de las funciones que eorresponden a dichos emplendos del Tribunal.
XXIX. El auxiliar del dcspacho de In Fiscalia tendiA I sit cargo el Registro de la inisina Y prestarn ;l Fiscal servicios semeajantes 'I los que, en el articulo anterior, se iidicaln respecto (it los oficiales de Secretara.
XXX. Los porteros v aliguaciles cumplirdi con los deberes que f los de sn clase impone el articnlo 27.) de Ia CoinpiaciAn entendiendo con referencia y, aplieaciOn al Tribli 11l Suiprello.
XXX I. El Presidente (cl i rihnail reiitnwentarni el servicio de alguntiles, porter ilmozos d liipiez eli la fornm (lit estimue Ilin5s conveniente. El lisca lo mi s m nisilio respect A todo cl personal subalterno de la liscal!a.

DE:L NI BRAMIINTO, ANI'l6iiAl)., PRECEDENCIA, I's ISRN, -11AM ENO y
DOTACi6N DF L.S FUNCil)NARIOs V sUBALTERNOIs DEL TRIBUNAL
SIPREMi.

XXXII. l nomb11 raiiciito de todos los funcionarios del Tribunal Supremo, I x excepci6n (IC auiclItls (qe component el personal subalterno, correspondterA al Gobernaldor Militar de la Isla de Cuba, ovendo acerca del particular lo lie iacitcndiere discreto proponerle el Secretario de justicia.
XXXIII. Lt autigiiedad y la preceelecia en cargos de igual categoria se ctomputarnn p1 lai fIcha de los noibraie tos; y si los iionibrados lo Inbieren sido en an ii ismo decret o 6 disposiciAn, considernindoSe comio de aNitigiedld igual, In precedencia SC d m por la mavor edad.
XXXIV. I Presidente, Fiscal, Magistrados y Tenientes-Fiscales juraran el cargo al inuilgurarse cl Tribtinal moite el Gobierno Militar de Ia Isin, eli la forniml iquc se determine y tollna pll osesil)n ante el Tribunal consLituido en SnaI de Gobierno Y ell alldiecia piblici. El Secretario y Oficiales de SIal jurarn el cari li y toiarn n posesiIm ante I imiisimia Sala de obierno y tamiin en ,tudiencia pnhliezi.
XXXV. Los haeres de gleit disflutamn ii los Cillciollarios todos del Trilimllal Supremio serncln los siguientcs.
I President, stis mil pesos.
El Fiscal, cinco mil seteCientos eiiclenmii.
Cada uno de los Magistrados, cinlco il qilinentos.
Cada uno de los Teilientes Fiscales, ci lto mil.
Ml Sceretario, cuatro mil.
Cada uno de los oficiales de Sala, dos mil Iinientos.
Los oficiales de Secr-etaria Y el axiliir mil pesos cada uno.
Cada escribiente, sciscientos pesos.
El portero v alguaciles, cuatroeientos cincuenta cada no.
Cada mozo de limpica, trescientos.
Estos sueldos se abonarin iensualmenite y en moneda de los Estados l nidos 6su equivalent.
Si I Sala de Gobierno lo entendiere precise, y asiniso en su despacho el Fiscal podr determinar que utino de los estribientes de Secretaria y unto de Ia Fiscalin, scan ademils estendgrafos. En cste enso, el escribiente estendgrafo gaimirA mil pesos.
XXXVI. El Tribunal dispondrlt d mil ltlilieiltos pesos anuales moneda de los Estados nidos 6 si einivalent, paragastos de material. Esta cantlidad serA repartida citre In Presidlinciml Y In Fiset'l ha en Ia pI rOporciOII










que acordgre Ia Sala de Gobierno v sernt administrada libreniente, en Ia parte que A cain ctial corrresponda, por el Presidente v el Fiscal.

DI LAS CONmICIONES E INCAPACIDAIES PARA Itt. NIM111RAMLENTO DE FUNCLONARIOS IIEI. TIIILNAl. S'PREMO P. INCO-MPATIILIDA lES DE LOS MISMI Is.

X X XVII, Para ser noinrado v desempefiar los cargos de Presidente, Magistrado, Fiscal, Tenien te-Fiscal, Secretario ti official d Sala dCel Trihblnal Supreio, se requerirl-ii las condiciones siguientes:
1'.' Ser cubaino 6 declarar expresanente que se acepta la condicioh de eu1hano, siempre que el itue liaga 6sta declaracion est comprendi(I en eI 0r ticull) 9 del Tratado de Paris de 10 de Dicieibre de 1898.
2? Ser mayor de cdad, est es, haher cumplido 23 anos.
3" Ser ahogdoi>.
4.' I No hallarse comprendidno1 deig I s ssil e 111 cs1 IS incapcidad
incompatibilidad (lie imjls adelante se determi11an.
XXXVIII. No podrin ser nombrWitados poroII IlgilnIO dC1 IS 1 ergos tic aites se expresan:
1' I ios impedidos fisica 6 intelectualmente.
2' Los que estuvieren procesados pOI cualqtUiClr delito.
3? Los (lite estuvieren condenados 6t cualquier pena correcciolal aolictiva, mientras que I lao liohayan StLfl-jO(II (bteiidO (Is ella indullto to11.
4' Los que12 hitbicren stifi-ido v culliplido cui11quier petnj liite ya por si misma, ya por raz1n dle1 delito (lite la itibiera motivado, les hlia.a desmerecer ei el concepto plnlblicI.
5a Los qubchrad Is no reiilitados.
6.' Los concursados mieintras no fueren declarados inctilpables.
7? Los deldores 0 foidos pntblicos omo segundos contribuyentes.
8" Los que tuvicren vicios vergImizosos; v en general los (lite hubicrel ejeclitado "Itos 6 omIisiolies (lite aunque no enables, 111s hagai desicrecer ell el concepto public.
XXXIX. Los cargos antes expresados (Art. XXXVII) son incollipatibles:
1 Coil el ejerciCio dc cualquiera otra jurisdicci1n.
2? Con I tros empleos 1 cargos del Estado, Provincia 6 Municipio.
3' Con emp10 1 etc auxiiia-es 6 subalternos de Tribunales 6 Jzgados.
XL. Se dec1 ll aplicbles II Tribnal S 0premo los articulos 76, 77,
78 v 79 de Ia Compilaci611: pero a cita (lite el 77 liace del 75 se citendern referida al artictllo anterior de este Decreto.
X I. El Presidente y \Magistrado del Tribunal Sulprelmo, asi coo i Fiscal y- Tenicites-Fiscales no podrnn ejercer las profesi oines de ahogado, procurador ni notario, ni tlaipoco ejerceral) por si, iii por sus milujeres, ni A noibre de otro, industria, comercio ni granjeria, ni toin1A parte el eiIpresas i1i enl sociedades 1)111cantiles coio socios colectivos ni co1m directores, gestores, adini)1istrador s 6 cisjeros.
Los (file 1O21tr1IViillCrel 1sta disposici61, sc considerrnliei como renulciantes de sus cargos.
XLII. El Secretario 1dei Tribunal v StIS 1jficiales de Sala no podrali ejercer las profesionies de alogado, proctirador, iii notario. Si ejercicio dard luigar i (10te se les aplique cl fltinio precept (lei articuilo anterior.
XLIII. Para ser individtiuo tei personal subalterno del Tribunal se requeriirAn la prieicra v segiinda condicion del articulo XXXVII, de este Decreto v ademnls las de saber leer y escribir, ser de buena conduct y no estar inuilitiOs 121 las iicapacidades Ijile se determinan e2 los u2 tro priineros incisos (1e artictlo XXX VIIl.
El Brigadier General de Voluntarios, Jefe de Estado Ma i-or literino,
0. H. ERNST.