2 Tower Times January/February 2009 By Hilary Markin Amy Hess Chief of Equal Employment Opportunity Her advice is simple: Treat each other with dignity, in turn be respected. Away from work, Hess enjoys her family. They recently moved back to Aledo, Ill. where she lives with her husband, a fellow Army Reservist, their twin 8 year olds and 18 month old. She also has a stepson who lives in Washington State. We enjoy the heck out of our kids and want to show them the world, Hess said regarding her family. Her hobbies include anything on the water. She loves to swim and kayak and take the family camping. She has always had a passion for running and recently entered the 9.11 Mile Freedom Run in Barrington, Ill., where Freedom Run honors troops all over the world and has been called Chicagolands most inspirational running event. Hess has been busy learning about and the door is always open. The EEO Program, complaint counseling, employee and management advice, recruitment of EEO groups and the Special Emphasis Program and Committee. To contact Amy Hess, her phone number 309-794-5422 and email address is Amy.R.Hess@usace. army.mil T here is a new face in the Corps of Engineers and Rock Island District who is no stranger to the river. Amy Hess is the new Chief of Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO). I grew up on the river and know what a real river rat is, said Hess. She graduated high school in the town of Shabbona, Ill. in Dekalb County. She has a Masters of Science Degree in Child and Family Studies and holds an Asso ciates License in Marriage and Family Therapy from Northern Illinois University in Dekalb. She is looking forward to serv ing the Corps, planting roots and raising kids. I choose to work for the Corps of Engineers because I want to serve the public, especially in an area where my husband and I both have family. I have always heard good things about the Corps and I want to serve the community. Its the most logical next step from military service to public service. Hess is no stranger to public service. She is currently in the Army Reserves as resources. She will be celebrating 20 years of military service in September of this year. She served a combined total of nearly four years of active duty as a mobilized Reservist in support of the Global War on Terrorism. Hess deployed to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Prince Sultan Airbase, in 2002 as a Security Forces Flight Commander with the Air National Guard. She has also worked in Equal Opportunity for 10 years with the Army prior to coming to the Corps. When asked if she had any advice coming into this position, she recalled EEO assignment. Hess encountered a gentleman who challenged her way of thinking. He posed a question to her after she conducted some training with his organization. He, as a middle-aged black man, questioned her, a white woman in her late twenties, about how I did not march with Dr. King she could possibly understand what he has been through. Somewhat stunned by what seemed an accusation, she was left speechless at the time. After her meeting conversation and wrote the following: Hess and her family are huge Chicago Cubs fans and enjoy seeing the games in person at Wrigley Field.
District Commander Col. Robert A. Sinkler Chief, Corporate Communications Ron Fournier Editor Hilary Markin This newsletter is an authorized publication for members of the U.S. Army. Contents of the Tower views of, or endorsed by, the U.S. Government, Department of De fense, Department of the Army, or the Rock Island District U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. It is published monthly using offset press by the Corporate Com District, U.S. Army Corps of Engi neers, Clock Tower Building, Box 2004, Rock Island, IL 61204-2004. Phone (309) 794-5730. Circulation 1,500. Send articles to Editor, Corpo Army Corps of Engineers, Clock Tower Building, P.O. Box 2004, Rock Island, IL, 61204-2004; or email at email@example.com On the web at: www.mvr.usace.army.mil/ January/February 2009 Tower Times Contents January/February 2009 Tower Times 3 Tower Times U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Rock Island District Vol. 31 No. 3 January/February 2009 4 The Midwest Col. Robert Sinkler, District Commander 5 A New Shade of Green Becoming more environmentally responsible one vehicle at a time 6 Supporting the New Orleans District Helping the Corps reach their goal in 2011 8 Special Thanks to Volunteers Lake Red Rock recognizes their Visitor Center volunteers 9 Going from Good to Great The new star on your desktop USACE QMS 10 Around the District 11 Lock & Dam 14 Receives Patriotic Employer Award 12 February is Black History Month On the Cover The Rock Island District is sup porting the New Orleans District in completing the Corps goal of pro viding 100-year storm protection by 2011. For a detailed map of the project areas please see the Tower Times website.
of putting a shoulder to the wheel for the long haul. Midwesterners treat other peoples money conservatively, especially the taxpayers; and they treat customers with respect. Midwesterners generally value a strong corporate culture, believe in a systems approach to solving problems, and support and encourage team work. Midwestern Values equate to success when operating in the Rock Island District, which is right in the heart of the Midwest. Our leaders in the Rock Island District have a quiet, self-effacing, District employees are men and women of strong core values who can be counted upon through thick or thin to do his or her best. Now, Southerners, Westerners, and others in our Nation all have great values that ensure they succeed in the part of the country that they live in. But, in the Midwest, Midwestern values generally ensure success in accomplishing our mission to serve the People of our Nation in our area, which does include parts of Now, many of you are wondering where I am going with this. I just wanted to say that as our District workload continues to increase, and as we take on more and more of the Regional work to enable New Orleans District to deliver the Greater New Orleans Area Hurricane and Storm Damage Risk Reduction System by 2011, we need to stay true to our Midwestern values. that characteristics valued in the Midwest, are valued elsewhere also, and are generally regarded as core American Values. 4 Tower Times January/February 2009 The Midwest By Col. Robert Sinkler, District Commander A few days ago one of my good friends in the Region called me a Northerner. It kind of took me by sur prise. I have never ever thought of myself as a North erner before. I thought about it for a while, and then decided that he just didnt know that we generally think of ourselves in the Rock Island District area as Midwesterners. I checked with the U.S. Census Bureau, and they call us what we are Midwest erners. People are usually proud of who they are, whether a Midwesterner or a Southerner, or a Westerner, etc. I decided that I wasnt going to let anyone call me a Northerner again, primarily because I am a Midwesterner, and I didnt really want someone Rock Island District employees, of course are proud to be part of the Great Mississippi Valley Division family, and the Regional team. And, we enjoy primarily serving in what the U.S. Geological Survey calls the Upper Mississippi River Basin. But, most of us still see ourselves as Midwesterners. I consulted several Midwest experts and agree with them. Midwesterners have what many would consider a good value system an honest days work for an honest days pay, hard work, honesty, modesty, lack of pretension, your word is your bond, always lend a helping hand, never stand by and tolerate injustice or suffering, your name/reputation/character is your most prized possession. Midwesterners have an aversion to shiny etc.). Midwesterners are grateful for the simple things, good food, health, the love of family, shelter, friends and community. Midwesterners pull together when needed, yet giving each other space to live independently. Some people that live outside the Midwest might think that Midwesterners are generally God-fearing and church-going, but whether or not that is really true Midwesterners generally live in a way that demonstrates the values taught in almost every church in the world: love thy neighbor as thyself, thou shalt not steal, etc., etc. Being a Midwesterner is in stark contrast to the value of every man for himself, the law of the jungle, and the survival of the the World. The Midwestern leaders that I admire (many of whom will They have a work ethic second-to-none, and recognize the value
Tower Times 5 January/February 2009 T he Rock Island District has been selected as one of four U.S. Army Corps of Engineers test sites for alternative fuel vehicles. We are also becoming more environmen multi-fuel (E85) capable vehicles. another one on order. The General Services Administration has been overwhelmed with the high demand of hybrids in the last six months and they are behind in the inventory. These vehicles are designed to increase fuel economy and have lower emissions than conventional internal combustion In addition noise emissions are reduced, particularly at idling and low operating speeds. Lake Red Rock has two of the hybrid vehicles that are used for patrolling government lands. Rangers have mentioned that visitors will often wave them down while they are patrolling through an area to ask about the hybrid vehicles. Since the hybrids typically run off of battery power at slow speeds and are not making any engine noise, it spikes visitors curiosity about what kind of vehicle it is. Its another good way for Park Rangers to have positive interaction with the public, said Josh Conrad, natural resource specialist at Lake Red Rock. The Rock Island District currently has 30 vehicles that are multi-fuel (E85) capable. Ninety percent of those vehicles have been acquired in the last two years. One of the advantages of driving a multi-fuel vehicle is you can choose from several different fuels, depending on whats available and/or more affordable. These vehicles will also be compatible with the fuels presently used and those of the future. Currently, there are a limited number of refueling stations that offer E85 fuel. The National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition has a E85 fuel at www.e85refueling.com meet their life cycle of six years, 64,000 miles, or mission requirements change. On a yearly basis we usually have about 10 percent that meet the life cycle turnover which is about 17 vehicles. Of those 17 vehicles the majority will be replaced with multi-fuel (E85) capable vehicles, said Daniel Simon, transportation tech in Logistics Management. The Rock Island District is striving to be a leader in going green by replacing government vehicles with hybrid and multifuel (E85) capable ones. As advances in technology occur the district will be prepared with multi-fuel capable vehicles that By Hilary Markin This Ford Escape Hybrid is one of Lake Red Rocks patrol vehicles that draws attention to itself because its so quiet. A New Shade of Green Are you doing your part? to help increase your gas mileage. Drive Sensibly Aggressive driving can lower your gas mileage by 33 percent at highway speeds and 5 percent around town. Observe the Speed Limit Gas mileage usually decreases rapidly at speeds above 60 miles per hour mph). Each 5 mph you drive over 60 mph is like paying an additional $.24 per gallon for gas. Avoid keeping unnecessary items in your vehicle. Idling gets 0 miles per gallon. Use Cruise Control Using cruise control at highway speeds helps you maintain speed and in most cases will save gas. Use Overdrive Gears When using overdrive your cars engine speed goes down. This saves gas and reduce engine wear.
January/February 2009 6 Tower Times By Hilary Markin Supporting The New Orleans District Damage caused by Hurricane Ka trina was assessed by Corps employ ees in Plaquemines Parish, Louisi ana. The Rock Island New Orleans Support team has been assigned the Eastern Tie-In that will close the hur ricane risk reduction system on the west bank protecting this area. O n August, 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina made landfall at Buras, Louisiana, in Plaquemines Parish about one hour south of New Orleans. Katrina was moving with Category 5 strength less than 12 hours prior to landfall. The storm generated a 28-foot storm surge and 55-foot waves. The damage caused by the storm was unprecedented. Approx ceeding 15 feet in many areas. Surge and waves caused 50 major levee breaches in the regional Hurricane and Storm Damage Risk Reduction System (HSDRRS). Thirty-four of the citys 71 pump ing stations were damaged and 169 of the systems 350 miles of protective structures were compromised. Also contributing to the than 1,500 lives were lost. According to the Federal Emergency Management Agency, Katrina is the costliest disaster ever to oc cur in the United States. The Corps of Engineers is committed to repairing and rebuild system is to reduce the risk from a storm event that has a one percent chance of occurring in any given year. With post-Katrina design criteria and full federal funding from Congress, the Corps is on track to provide this risk reduction in hurricane season 2011. A tremendous amount of work must be completed in a short time frame. Hurricane Gustav, which hit Louisiana in 2008, fur ther heightened the urgency to complete the HSDRRS, with many people calling for 2010 delivery. When an analysis showed more resources were needed to focus on the HSDRRS to meet the 2011 goal, Corps leaders developed a path forward that leverages all Mississippi Valley Division resources; including the continued support from the Northwest Division and Chicago District. To help reach the completion date, the Rock Island District has Branch (RINOS), which includes elements of the Programs and Project Management Division and a new branch under the Engi neering and Construction Division. Completion of the HSDRRS is the Corps top domestic priority, said Col. Robert Sinkler, District Commander. The 2011 completion date will not be extended and we are ready to do our part to ensure that deadline is met or exceeded. New Orleans is a top regional priority and we are commit
evacuation route, making construction sequencing extremely important so that any evacuations would not be impeded during construction. The cost estimate for this project is more than $100 million. The third project is the Eastern Tie-In, which is an important part of the West Bank and Vicinity (WBV) system. The tiein connects the WBV risk reduction system to the Mississippi River Levee system in Plaquemines Parish, thereby closing the hurricane risk reduction system on the west bank. The project hurricane evacuation route. The cost estimate for the Eastern Tie-In is more than $100 million. Algiers Canal. The project consists of levee improvements, pump station fronting protection, and gates. The cost estimate for this project is less than $100 million. Barb Lester has been assigned as the Engineering Projects Lead. Barb and her team of engineers had only about a month to transition engineering responsibility for the four projects from New Orleans District to the Rock Island District. This coordination required tremendous effort by all to familiarize themselves with existing work conditions and project challenges, and to coordinate the transfer of responsibilities to the Rock Island District. Lester and her team have been busy establishing intermixed engineer teams using resources from other districts and architect/engineer contractors. When describing how these teams will accomplish the work, Lester emphasized that, the success of this effort hinges on how well we are able to team with other districts and the private sector to produce the quality engineering products necessary to meet the 2011 goal. Island Arsenal in building 68. They expect to hire up to 45 government employees and contractors to assist in the completion of the four projects. established position of Assistant Deputy Project Manager for New Orleans Support. Hodgini explains that, Were making great strides in building our team both within Rock Island District and throughout the Mississippi Valley Division. Well be adding contractors to assist with tasks such as project scheduling, quality assurance, and liaison with the New Orleans District. Although we have a relatively small staff, running and to transition responsibilities from the New Orleans District. These four projects will reduce the risk from storm surge for residents and businesses on the west bank of the Mississippi River in the greater New Orleans area. The Rock Island District is looking forward to the opportunity to provide our professional and technical expertise to the region in reaching the Corps goal of establishing the HSDRRS by 2011. January/February 2009 Tower Times 7 The Engineer Research and Development Center physical model. Michael Tarpey (middle) and Col. Robert Sinkler (right) discuss the project features and the models purpose with Randy McCollum (left), ERDC Principle Investigator for this model. ted to providing New Orleans support in our characteristically exceptional manner, noted Sinkler. We are dedicated to provid ing our regional customers with the same outstanding service that we continue to provide to customers in the Rock Island District. We are hiring more engineers, contractors and other personnel to ensure this new mission can be accomplished in addition to our to help the New Orleans District meet their goal. The RINOS Supporting Project Manager is Michael Tarpey. According to Tarpey, This is an enormous undertaking. I am privileged to be a part of this effort to help complete the HSDRRS in the greater New Orleans area. The largest project is the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway West Closure Complex, which is the keystone risk reduction project being constructed on the west bank of the Mississippi River. The project, as proposed, would consist of a 20,000 cubic feet per second storm water drainage pump station, which would be the nations largest interior pumping complex. It also would include to be constructed. The cost estimate for this project is more than $500 million. This project is also adjacent to an Environmental aux Carpes 404 (c), and construction impacts on this area must be kept to within a 100-ft footprint. The second project is the Western Tie-In, which ties the western-most portion of the west bank system to the Mississippi River Levees in St. Charles Parish, by way of the Davis Pond Diversion. This project consists of a levee, a four-lane highway crossing, a navigable closure structure, and miscellaneous
Special Thanks to Volunteers 8 Tower Times January/February 2009 Don and Marilyn Van Baale Red Rock Visitor Center Volunteers By Tracy Spry, Natural Resource Specialist at Lake Red Rock Don and Marilyn Van Baale are dedicated volunteers regularly Lake Red Rock. I magine that its a sunny Saturday in June and youre at You stop by the Red Rock Visitor Center for directions and are greeted with smiles and a warm welcome from Don and Marilyn Van Baale, Visitor Center volunteers. They quickly get Don and Marilyn have volunteered at the lake since 1999. Since that time, they have logged over 8,000 hours of their time tasks. Residents of the nearby town of Monroe, Iowa, Don and Marilyn are avid campers and wildlife lovers. They spend many hours throughout the year visiting the parks and watching deer, eagles and other animals. When they learned of the opportunity, they jumped at the chance to volunteer in the Red Rock Visitor Center. Visitor Center greeting and helping visitors. They answer questions as seasoned professionals who know the lake and their jobs well. They are generous with their time too. They donate many hours above and beyond their work schedule to help when requested. Don frequently tells Red Rock Park Rangers, If you need us, just let us know. During early and later seasons of the are extremely valuable to our organization and we cant thank them enough for their hard work and dedication to the Corps of Engineers. year before/after the camping season, they drive from their home in Monroe, Iowa to assist in the center during Bald Eagle Days, school programs and other activities. Don and Marilyn received the Marion County Star Volunteer award in 2001, and were honored as recipients of the Take Pride in America Presidential Award in 2006. The Corps also honors them each year during the annual volunteer recognition picnic in August, which is sponsored by the Red Rock Lake Association. The Van Baales have agreed to return for the 2009 recreation season and the Corps is glad to welcome them back! Thank you Don and Marilyn for your hard work! In 2008, Lake Red Rock enlisted help from over 300 volunteers who donated over 11,000 hours performing such tasks the Visitor Center, cleaning park buildings, picking up litter, checking and maintaining nest boxes, helping out with special events and assisting with many other tasks. Most volunteer to lake visitors. If there is a volunteer you would like to recognize, please contact Hilary Markin at Hilary.R.Markin@usace.army.mil.
January/February 2009 Tower Times 9 Going from Good to Great! T here is a star icon on your desktop linking you to the new U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Qual ity Management System (QMS). If you dont have the new icon, dont wait for it visit https://kme.usace.army.mil/CE/QMS/ Pages/Welcome.aspx. The USACE QMS Vision: is to execute the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers mission through standard business processes that product quality; are championed by the Communities of Practice (COPs); and improved through Lean Six Sigma so that USACE Project Delivery Teams (PDTs) can respond virtually and seamlessly in support of the Nations Civil Works priorities and the Armed Forces call for expeditionary technical teams in real-time, anywhere across the globe with minimal onsite training. Yolanda Arthur, a technical quality manager for division, described the USACE QMS as the home to the USACE Standard Processes that sets a standard that will simplify and unify Corps procedures. It sets the conditions for success, by allowing anyone from any district in the Corps to deploy, go on training, transfer, or serve on temporary developmental assignments anywhere else in the Corps and use the same paperwork and business days or weeks of a deployment require relearning that districts standards. This is for EVERYONE. It is a tool that establishes a standardized, structured approach to accomplishing work. There are approximately 125 documents on the system and more to come. If you are involved in PDTs or Independent Technical Review teams there are several processes related to this area. The processes are broken down by COPs or you can search chest, stop immediately. Individuals over the age of 40, or those who are relatively inactive, should be especially careful. If you have a history of heart trouble, do not shovel without a doctors permission. Avoid shoveling after eating. Dress warm. Remember your nose, ears, hands and feet need extra attention during cold weather conditions. Wearing a turtleneck, sweater, cap, scarf, face protection, mittens, wool socks, and water proof boots will help to keep your body insulated and warm. Snow Blower Safety Review the operators manual before using the snow blower. Accidents occur most often when the discharge chute clogs with wet, heavy snow. You cant see the blades due to the snow covered blades. If you use your hand or a stick to remove the clog, the blades could strike the stick or your hand. In either case, injury can occur. Stop the engine! Before attempting to clean foreign objects or snow from the equipment, stop the snow blower engine. NEVER insert your hand in the discharge chute or to clear it while the engine is running. Snow Shovel and Snow Blower Safety T he snowfall around the Rock Island District is a beautiful sight to some but a chore for most. Most likely the majority of us will have to do some shoveling or snow removal at some point. Help protect yourself and others by read ing these snow shoveling and snow blowing safety tips. Snow Shovel Safety Shovel fresh snow. Freshly fallen snow is generally easier to shovel than wet, packed-down snow. Push the snow as you shovel. It is easier on your back than lifting the snow out of the way. Dont pick up too much at once. Use a light shovel amount of a large load. Lift with your legs bent, not your back. Keeping your back straight, bending and squatting into the movement will help keep your spine upright and less stressed. Let your arms and legs do the work for you. Take it slow! Shoveling can raise your heart rate and blood pressure dramatically; so pace yourself. It is the task. If you run out of breath, take a break. If you feel tightness in your by key words. The Regional QMS will be embedded within the USACE QMS and is under development. Processes that are currently being used in the region that are not on the USACE QMS will be stored here. For the Mississippi Valley Division to be a part of an expeditionary technical team that can go anywhere across the globe with minimal onsite training, we must adapt to using these standard processes, help improve these processes and suggest new processes for the system, stated Arthur. If you have processes that you are using that you think should be included on the system contact Mari Fournier, she is the districts point of contact. Stay tuned for more information. Everyone will be attending a web seminar in the upcoming months to help become familiar with system.
10 Tower Times January/February 2009 Sympathy ... Congrats ... Congratulations to James and Dawn Sager, Operations Division, on the birth of a baby boy, Zander James, November 30. He was 7 pounds, 4.4 ounces and 20.5 inches long. Reverend Frank Mack 82, of Keithsburg, Ill., died Dec. 20, at Mercer County Hospital in Aledo. Mack worked for the Corps of Engineers for 35 years before retir ing in 1981. He served with the U.S. Navy Corpsman attached to the Marine Corps during World War II. Please send achievements, births, and obituaries for this page to the editor at: firstname.lastname@example.org. Without your input, we may not receive the information that enables us to inform the District. Irene Eiche 91, of Rock Island, Ill., died Jan. 12, at Silver Cross Nursing Center in Rock Island. Eiche worked for the Corp of Engi neers as a recruitment and placement retired in 1972 after 30 years of govern Henry Hank 78, of Rochester, Minn., died Jan. 12, at Seasons Hospice in Rochester. the chief of Opera tions Division for the Rock Island District. He retired in 1987 after 30 1/2 years. Jim Piper received an award from Lieu tenant Colonel Michael Clarke for his par ticipation in the Operation & Maintenance of Navigation Locks and Dams High Performing Organization development team. Piper along with other team mem bers from the Inland Navigation Divisions and Districts provided a wide spectrum of experience and expertise to the team. They examined every aspect of our navigation mission and searched for inno vative ways to improve the way the Corps manages this critical part of the nations transportation system. Lockmaster at Lock & Dam 11 Receives Award Retirements ... Dan Crone natural resources specialist, Saylorville Lake, Operations Division, re tired Feb. 3, after dedicating 30 years and one month to the federal government. Harry Bottorff community planner, Project Management Branch, Programs and Project Management Division, retired Jan. 31, after dedicating 23 years and four months to the federal government. Wayne Louck 85, of New Boston, Ill., died Dec. 30, at Mercer County Hospital Hos pice in Aledo. Louck was a shifthead lock and dam operator at Lock and Dam 17 for 32 years. He retired in 1985 after a total of 40 years of government service. He served his country for eight years in the U.S. Air Force during World War II. Upcoming Events ... Saylorville Lake Bald Eagle Watch February 22 from 12 4 p.m. Saylorville Lake Visitor Center Red Rock Eagle Watch March 7 from 10 a.m. 5 p.m. Central College
January/February 2009 Tower Times 11 Thanks to our employees who are deployed or have completed duty in support of the Global War on Terrorism, as well as those who are deployed or have completed duty in support of Natural Disaster Relief Operations. Thank You For Serving! A listing of all the current District em ployees who are, or have been, involved in supporting the Global War on Terrorism and Natural Disaster Relief Operations can be seen on the Districts Internet at: erTimes/support-for-corps/support-for-corps.htm L ock and Dam 14 received the Patriotic Employer Award on January 12 during a ceremony held at the lock. The award was presented to Dennis Shannon, chief of the Lock and Dam Section of the Mississippi River Proj Support of the Guard and Reserve (ESGR). Cockrell, chairman of Area 9 Iowa ESGR. Cockrell said the award is presented to employers who go above and beyond in supporting employees who serve in the Guard and Reserves. This recognizes deserving employers whose support and goodwill are critically important to retaining the highly skilled Cockrell. Cpl. Eddie Sanchez, a member of the 490th Civil Affairs Battalion headquartered in Dallas, nominated Lock and Dam 14. Sanchez is also a lock operator and was home on a short leave from Al Kut, Iraq for the presentation of the award. Theyve been pretty helpful from the time I got activated as far as the other guys covering my shift, he said. Theyve been helping my wife out with anything she needs. By Hilary Markin Lock and Dam 14 Receives Patriotic Employer Award Harroun praised Sanchez, even though the award went to Harroun. Hes the one who really needs the award, Harroun said. reasons he put us in for this award, so he could show the guys his appreciation for all they do in accepting his Reserve obligations. Eddies a talented professional and a good individual, said Harroun. Harroun said he juggles schedules to cover Sanchezs shift when hes gone. Hes pretty experienced, so it makes it challenging to cover that aspect of it. Left, Harry Cockrell, chairman of Area 9 Iowa ESGR is presenting the staff of Lock and Dam 14 with the Patriotic Em ployer Award. Top, Eddie Sanchez and his family, are pictured with Roger Harroun (left) and Dennis Shannon (right) after receiving their awards for their support of Sanchez while on active military duty.
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY U.S. ARMY ENGINEER DISTRICT, ROCK ISLAND CLOCK TOWER BLDG. P.O. BOX 2004 ROCK ISLAND, IL 61204-2004 February is Black History 2009 Theme: The Quest for Black Citizenship in the Americas A century ago, an interracial group of Americans joined together and formed the National Asso ciation for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Two generations after emancipation, a tide of In the South, whites had stripped Blacks of the right to vote and constructed a society based on racial segrega tion. In the North, African Americans confronted myriad forms of discrimination that thwarted their aspirations. The Supreme Court turned a blind eye to the denigration of American citizenship taking place across the land and in the government itself. The story of the NAACP is the story of struggle to create and maintain equal citizenship for all Americans. Through exposing the horrors of lynching, keeping the issue of equality before the courts, and organizing branches throughout the country, the NAACP drew a national following and inspired others to form organizations for racial change. The NAACPs work gave hope not only to blacks in the North, but to men and women in the South like Rosa Parks and Medgar Evers. The centennial of the NAACP is an occasion to highlight the problem of race and citizenship in American history, from the experiences of free Blacks in a land of slavery to the political aspirations of African Americans today. The centennial also provides an opportunity to explore the history of other nations in the Americas, where former slaves also sought the fruits of citizenship.