U.S. ARMY YuYU M aA PROVING GG RO uU ND, YuYU M aA ARIZON aA 85365 | VV OL uU ME 67 NN O. 9 MaMA Y 1, 2017 Mock village expansion adds challenging training wrinkle /Page 3 YPG Celebrates Earth Day /Page 5 YPG recognizes the Month of the Military Child /Page 11 Y1By Mark Schauer As a natural laboratory, US. Army Yuma Proving Ground has a vested interest in responsible stewardship of the land. It is the busiest of the Armys six test centers in terms of direct labor hours and boasts the longest overland artillery range in the United States, yet a relatively small portion of the proving grounds vast ranges are subject to the impact of artillery projectiles. YPG is located in one of the nations most extreme desert climates, but is home to a huge diversity of wildlife, including Sonoran pronghorns, desert tortoises, wild burros, and bighorn sheep. Smaller creatures like 15 different species of lizards are also in abundance here, and one in particular, the Mojave Fringe-toed Lizard, is of The fringe-toed lizard is part of the State of Arizonas wildlife action plan, explained Daniel Steward, YPG wildlife biologist. Its considered a species of greatest conservation need. This is in part because other locales in the American West with different species of fringe-toed lizards not found at YPG have become so developed or inundated with invasive plants that the creatures have been put on the endangered or threatened species list. The few remote sand dunes at YPG, on the other hand, are far away from any populated areas Unique lizard thrives in YPG sand dunesThe unique Mohave Fringe-toed Lizard thrives in sand dunes, and YPGs are far away from any populated areas and rarely traversed by people or equipment. Its a fascinating creature, said Daniel Steward, YPG wildlife biologist. Everybodys ultimate goal is to conserve this species on our own. (Photo by Mark Schauer)SEE LIZ aA RD page 6 By Chuck Wullenjohn The U.S. Department of the Army is no slouch when it comes to red tape and bureaucracy, something that has been a topic of conversation since the Army formed during the Revolutionary War. But systems have been established to cut through the red tape. One of them is the Civilian Aide to the Secretary of the Army (CASA) program that involves the selection information to pass directly to the Secretary of the Army. Every state in the union boasts at least one CASA. Dr. Randy Groth, who lives in Tucson, has functioned as Arizonas CASA for many years. In January, a second CASA position was established in the state and one more seems likely for later this year. A CASA serves two year terms for up to ten years. Once appointed, the rank of a CASA is equivalent to that of a three star general. Though serving without pay, a CASA has many responsibilities. One of the most important is to bridge the gap between the Army and SEE C asaASA page 8 Civilian Aide to Secretary of the Army has direct line to the top
2 MAy Y 1, 2017 THE OUTPOSTY2 THEOUtTPoOStT News may be submitted to: The Editor, Outpost, Yuma Proving Ground, Yuma, AA Z, 85365. Phone: (928) 328 or DSN 899. Visit our website at: www.yuma.army.mil or email to: email@example.comCommander: Col. Randy Murray Public Affairs Ofcer: Chuck Wullenjohn Public Affairs Specialist/Editor: Mark Schauer Technical Editor, Cold Regions Test Center: Clara Zachgo Marketing Specialist: Teri Womack Visual Information Manager: Riley Williams The Outpost is an unofcial publication authorized under provisions of AA R 360. The Outpost is published every two weeks by the Public AA ffairs Ofce, Yuma Proving Ground. Views and opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the AA rmy. This newspaper uses material credited to AA TEC and AA RNEWS. While contributions are solicited, the P AA O reserves the right to edit all submitted materials and mak e corrections, changes or deletions to conform with the policy of this newspaper.By Mark Schauer YPGs workforce, Soldier and civilian, depends on quality childcare to enable parents to do their jobs, which the post Child Development Center (CDC) has provided for decades. Fewer people, however, are aware that the CDC also offers daycare to smaller groups of children in individual homes on post. When you have a child who doesnt do well in a group setting of 15 or 16 children, you have the opportunity to take your child to a smaller environment, said Pat Frost, assistant director. Some parents prefer a smaller group for their child, so they have that opportunity here. Sometimes children do better in smaller environments, so it just depends on the parents preference, added Paula Alarcon, director. Home-based child care can be a traditional work schedules or only need daycare for a few hours at midday. It accommodates parents who work part-time for a few hours, said Frost. At the CDC, we have rest time between 11:30 and 2:00 p.m. In a home environment, youre not disrupting anything or having your child come into a dark room. Home-based daycare never has more than six children present at a given time, though additional children may come in as others go to school or are picked up by a parent at various points throughout the day. Currently offering homecare on post is Amanda Herring-Bass. A holder of a B.A. in sociology, she has provided home child care in the Armys program for six years: two stints while at Fort Bragg, and now here. I love children and I want to be at home with my kids, she said. I love young people and watching them growing and hitting their little milestones, and trying to help them. All involved emphasize that the home-based program is of the same quality as the CDCs, only on a smaller scale in a home-based atmosphere. The home is full of ageappropriate books, toys, and learning stations, and the back yard boasts play equipment like swings, slides and a sand box. We have play activities just like the CDC, said Herring-Bass. I follow all of the lesson plans and objectives they do. We learn through play and have activities to help the children learn. It costs the same as the CDC, added Frost. The meals are the same USDA-approved meals served here. running late because that is her home versus a workplace like the CDC. Parents who utilize home-based care like the intimate atmosphere. Its much more personal to me, said Holly Warner, a music teacher at Desert Mesa Elementary School. Its a more comfortable environment that feels like being at home. Though the program currently has a waiting list, it is possible that other providers may offer home-based daycare at YPG in the future. Its a great portable career, said Alarcon. A provider can start at one location, then move to another when the family has a permanent change of station. YPGs Child Development Center (CDC) also offers home-based daycare. Home-based daycare never has more than six children present at a given time, which some parents prefer to larger group environments. CDC director Paula AA larcon interacts with a youngster in the centers home-based daycare. The home is full of ageappropriate books, toys, and learning stations, and the back yard boasts play equipment like swings, slides and a sand box. (Photos by Mark Schauer) Home-based child care offers options to parents
THE OUTPOST m MAy Y 1, 2017 3Y3 By Mark Schauer YPGs primary purpose is testing virtually every piece of equipment in the ground combat arsenal, but and space to support sophisticated, critically important training missions for multiple branches of the armed forces. YPG boasts strikingly realistic mock villages and compounds which, combined with the similarity of the installations terrain to that of Southwest Asia, makes it an ideal and more-readily available supplement to major training installations such as Fort Irwins National Training Center or the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center at Twenty Nine Palms, Ca. In YPGs mock villages, the physical environment troops are likely to face in theater is replicated as faithfully as possible, down to scattered debris like a rusted-out, discarded automobile gas tank that still retains a faint odor of gasoline undetectable to human nostrils but is distinct to a military working dogs heightened sense of smell. Hulking old busses, rock piles, and wooden boxes litter gravel streets over which date palms and tangled mock power lines tower above rudimentary cinder block buildings. YPG is currently adding another wrinkle of realism to the training environment: an isolated building concealed in rolling, hilly terrain. Its a cinder block building like any other in the village, only disguised to look like it is underground, explained Luis Arroyo, Chief of YPGs Training Everything is in fact at or above ground level. Built by YPGs Support Services Division, the structure is carefully concealed with dirt from the construction site and spray-on polyurethane foam painted tan to blend with the surrounding desert. From 50 or 100 meters away, if you dont know it is here, you might walk right by it, Arroyo said. It is still under construction, but the completed building will serve as a multi-purpose facility for training and testing. One of the potential uses for military working dog units is for combat trackers, said Arroyo. You have somebody who has escaped from the village, or who has been seen surreptitiously coming into and out of the village. We think the person is hiding here: what do you do next? If the follow-up action the training units decide on involves storming the building, they and their canine colleagues will need all of their wits to cope with what lies beyond the sturdy metal doors, starting with a rough, cramped, uphill corridor that is impossible to traverse standing upright. Its kind of a funhouse effect you think you are going somewhere, but youre not, said Arroyo. When you are walking on your hands and knees across uneven terrain, it messes up your balance, and now you have Where is your dog? All those things you dont normally think about when you are walking upright, in the open. Carefully turn the corner at the top of the corridor and you once again have room to stand uprightin complete darkness. Once you get here, there is no outside ambient light, said Arroyo. Illuminated by helmet-mounted notice other anomalies if you are paying attention. Are there concealed passages or spider holes nearby? Non-canine training units have access to the site as well, as do testers in need of an additional location for sensor evaluations and other programs. We continue the increase of complex training operations, as long as the proving grounds primary mission, testing weapon systems, is not affected, said Arroyo. We do not actively market our training capabilities, but as units and their leadership come to train at the proving ground, they talk to other units about our facilities, capabilities, and the unparalleled level of support they receive. YPGs Support Services Division is constructing an isolated building concealed in rolling, hilly terrain as an addition to the installations widely renowned K9 Village. Non-canine training units will have access to the site as well, as will testers in need of an additional location for sensor evaluations and other programs. (Photo by Mark Schauer) Next Outpost deadline is noon May 4thSexual Assault Hotline: 920-3104Report Domestic Violence: 328-2720 Mock village expansion adds challenging training wrinkle
4 MAy Y 1, 2017 THE OUTPOST By David J. Horn NOTE: The following story is not just based on true eventsit actually happened. No names will be mentioned in order to protect the guilty. A long time ago, in an era before computer aided drafting, military vehicles were designed and drawn up using pencil and paper. It was a time where draftsmen could actually get a little personal as they prepared by hand engineering drawings on everything from nuts and bolts up to I got my start back in those days, working for a company that made parts for the major vehicle manufacturers, including military vehicles. Our engineers would run across interesting anomalies when checking initial part drawings: for instance, one of our draftsman would always draw a little mouse on the drawing somewhere, just to see if we fun, just to keep life interesting. It was common practice in those days that when you supplied your drawings to your customer for the parts you sold them, to save time and money creating their drawings they would often just make a copy of your drawing and simply replace your company name in the title block with their company name. Thus, if nobody found and erased the hidden mouse before the drawings were forwarded to the customer, the mouse just might magically show up on the customers drawings of the parts. Again, harmless fun. During production runs of some parts in our fabrication shop, the machinists were continually misreading the numbers on the drawing, making the parts too short, resulting in everything ending up in the scrap bin. In the effort to reduce the amount of scrap produced, a drafter redrew the part drawing to improve clarity, including adding a new note, which happened to be Note Number 13, which read, Fabricate Since the drawing notes contained references to several MIL (military) specs, the revised drawing was quickly approved. The customer then took our revised drawing and added their name to the title, and the new of our customer. The Army then took and copied the drawing from our customer, and the new, revised drawing on the part. Lots of parts were made over many production runs, all with excellent quality. About a year went by, and one day we received a call from our customer. Apparently, someone in the Army so they asked our customer what it pertained to. Our customer looked down to our company to provide an answer. Confronting the old draftsman who created the original drawing resulted in one red face, and the following explanation: MIL[#%@] drawing for once. And so began the emergency effort to revise our drawing, so the customer could revise their drawing, so the Army could revise their drawing, to remove Note Number 13 from that component drawing of the Armys new M1 Tank. While I havent seen the Armys drawings on that part for many years, I do know that Note Number 13 is gone. I wonder if the mouse is still there? Y4 Note Number 13 Shootin the Breeze Take me out to the ballgameYPG Commander Col. Randy Murray paid a visit to Yuma High School in late AA pril to throw out the rst pitch in the Criminals match against the Padres of Tempe, AA rizonas Marcos de Niza High School. His ceremonial duties complete, Murray stayed on hand to wish the home team luck and discuss YPG science, technology, engineering, and math outreach efforts with school ofcials. (Photo by Mark Schauer)
THE OUTPOST m MAy Y 1, 2017 5Y5 Spc. David Ngarui helps students from Price Elementary School water a native palo verde seedling as part of the YPG Health Clinics participation in this years Earth Day activities. Im really passionate about this day, Ngarui said. I like seeing things green. Next photo, archaeologist Erin Goslin (right) shows a California kingsnake to a student. The snake was one of several brought by A A rizona Game and Fish volunteer Clay Sharp for the students to interact with. (Photos by Mark Schauer) YPG celebrates Earth Day
6 MAy Y 1, 2017 THE OUTPOSTY6LIZARDFROM PA A GE 1and rarely traversed by people or equipment. blown sands, said Steward. The challenging thing is that it is such a habitat specialist that the distribution of the lizards is naturally very, very fragmented. One remote dune system might be 30 miles away from the next. Ranging in length from three to four inches, the fringe-toed lizard has a unique fourth toe on each foot. Their scales help provide traction on sandy ground, and a shovel-shaped snout makes them adept diggers. They primarily eat ants and other desert bugs, and wait for their prey to pass by before striking. Scales over their eyes, nostrils, and ears protect them from sand, and an oscillated tan coloration makes them heavily There are telemetry tracking collars but wildlife biologists rarely use them so as not to disrupt their These animals are pretty limited to the dunes, and sand dunes are a very unique system for North America and deserts in general, said Daniel Leavitt, a herpetologist with the Arizona Game and Fish Department. Some folks acknowledge that there is a great deal we dont understand about the world we live in, including what animals may have to offer. Its probably best to not allow these lizards to just disappear. Steward recently hosted Leavitt for a study of the Mohave Fringe-toed Lizard population at YPG. The pair was particularly interested in seeing how the habitats had fared during the regions relatively-rainy winter. One concern was the possible growth of an aggressive invasive weed called Sahara mustard, which crowds out more than a yard tall. We want to ensure the long-term viability of the fringe-toed lizard population, said Steward. For example, if there are any ecological conditions that could harm that ecosystem, such as Sahara mustard and other invasive species, there may be things wed have to do with weed control. A look around the dunes upon arrival, however, showed nothing but native species like desert creosote, palo verde trees, and ocotillo plants in radiant orange and green bloom. The plant life in the dune system is rich, explained Steward. The great thing about dunes is that every drop of rain goes into the ground. You dont think of sand holding moisture, but it really does. The business of tracking the creatures takes patience. It was a still, calm day, and the otherwise pristine sands were pocked with the unique tracks of a variety of creatures, The pair circled for long minutes in the growing heat, once catching burrow hole. Finally, the pair found one sunning himself in the open. Leavitt approached with a small noose attached to a long pole and lassoed the lizard. After a brief visual inspection that showed him to be a healthy male, Leavitt released the creature onto the sand, whereupon he ran away leaving a miniature sand cloud behind. Afterward, the two inspected other sand dunes at Blazingly fast in the sand and no more than four inches long, lassoing a Mojave Fringe-toed Lizard takes swiftness and dexterity. YPG biologist Daniel Steward (right) recently hosted A Arizona Game and Fish Department herpetologist Daniel Leavitt (left) for a study of the Mohave Fringe-toed Lizard population at YPG. One concern was that the relatively rainy winter may have produced a bumper crop of an aggressive invasive weed called Sahara mustard. Yet the pair found nothing but native species like desert creosote, palo verde trees, and ocotillo plants in bloom. With a Mojave Fringe-toed Lizard in sight, Leavitt moves in to lasso the creature for inspection. (Photos by Mark Schauer) The oscillated tan coloration that heavily camouages the Mojave Fringe-toed lizard in sand is only present on the creatures back. A A crescent-shaped black dotted pattern on the throat is common, and some have similar dots on their chest or stomachs.
THE OUTPOST m MAy Y 1, 2017 7Y7different spots within YPG with similar results. Its a fascinating creature, said Steward. Everybodys ultimate goal is to prevent the species from being placed on an endangered list, to conserve it on our own. This research gives us the information we need to be able to assess possible future impacts on this species and allows us to better support YPGs mission while ensuring conservation. The Army is doing a great job, added Leavitt. From left, AA viation Systems Branch Chief Robyn Tiaden explains the ins and outs of unmanned aircraft testing at YPG to Yuma County Supervisors Lynne Pancrazi and Russell McCloud (foreground) and Yuma Visitors Bureau Executive Director Linda Morgan, who visited in midA A pril. Her brieng took place while a second portion of the group was busy after riding a Stryker Fighting Vehicle on a test course. Next photo, the AA rmys Ofce of Congressional and Legislative Liaison organized a trip throughout AA rizona highlighting military activities for staffers from a variety of AA rizona congressional ofces in midA A pril. AA t YPG, the group received a brieng from Col. Randy Murray, commander, and visited several test sites. AA fter departing the proving ground, the group shared dinner with members of the Yuma 50 community military support organization. (Photos by Chuck Wullenjohn) Blazingly fast in the sand and no more than four inches long, lassoing a Mojave Fringe-toed Lizard takes swiftness and dexterity. Mojave Fringe-toed lizards primarily eat ants and other desert bugs, and wait for their prey to pass by before striking. Scales over their eyes, nostrils, and ears protect them from sand. YPG hosts city and county ofcials, congressional staffers The oscillated tan coloration that heavily camouages the Mojave Fringe-toed lizard in sand is only present on the creatures back. A A crescent-shaped black dotted pattern on the throat is common, and some have similar dots on their chest or stomachs.
8 MAy Y 1, 2017 THE OUTPOSTcivilian communities by sharing the Army message and assisting with matters affecting the Army. CASAs disseminate information about the Armys objectives, the Secretary of the Armys priorities, and major programs to the public through speeches, personal contacts and other means. He or she provides personal advice and recommendations directly to the Secretary of the Army. Arizonas newest CASA, Mario Diaz, took his oath January 9th in a Pentagon ceremony to which he brought his wife, two children and mother. He has been busy in the ensuing several months meeting installations throughout the state and collecting proclamations from city mayors recognizing the Armys I report directly to the Secretary of the Army, who reports directly to the secretary of defense, who reports directly to the president, said Diaz. Thats a nice, succinct chain of command. On the date of the Armys birthday in June he plans to participate in a march in downtown Phoenix made up of active and veteran Soldiers that will conclude at city hall where a birthday cake will be sliced and shared. Though an Arizona resident for the past 28 years and involved in government for ten, Diaz had never had the opportunity to visit U.S. Army Yuma Proving Ground. That is, until mid-April, when he devoted most of a day to touring the proving ground. He attended a detailed with YPG Commander Col. Randy Murray and Yuma Test Center Commander Lt. Col. James DeBoer. The highlight of his visit was UH-60 Blackhawk helicopter. This was an eye opening experience, he said, for I see a great lack of understanding in our state for the important work that takes place at YPG. The proving ground seems a well-kept secret despite the major impact YPG testing has on the effectiveness of our He said he was particularly impressed by the commitment and dedication he witnessed by the civilian and Soldier workforce, particularly their intellectual capacity and skill. After departing YPG, he spent one night in downtown Yuma then met the next day with Mayor Doug Nicholls, members of the Yuma County Board of Supervisors and conducted a television interview. He looks forward to returning to Yuma Proving Ground again in late June. Y8 CASAFROM PA A GE 1 Mario Diaz, newly appointed Civilian AA ide to the Secretary of the AA rmy for Northern AA rizona, spent most of a day in midAA pril at YPG to learn about the mission of the proving ground and its impact on AA mericas national defense. One of the highlights was joining Col. Randy Murray, YPG commander, and Lt. Col. James DeBoer, Yuma Test Center commander, on a detailed overight. (Photo by Chuck Wullenjohn)
THE OUTPOST m MAy Y 1, 2017 9Y9 Mario Diaz, newly appointed Civilian A Aide to the Secretary of the A Army for Northern A Arizona, spent most of a day in mid-A April at YPG to learn about the mission of the proving ground and its impact on A Americas national defense. One of the highlights was joining Col. Randy Murray, YPG commander, and Lt. Col. James DeBoer, Yuma Test Center commander, on a detailed overight. (Photo by Chuck Wullenjohn) By Dustin Perry, U.S. Army Inspector General Agency WASHINGTON -The Department of Defense (DOD) lifted the ban on transgender service members last year, and as the Army adjusts to accommodate this decision, Soldiers and leaders may have questions about the implementation of this policy change. Army Directive 2016-35, Army Policy on Military Service of Transgender Soldiers, contains answers to most of those questions, for each installation can provide basic information to Soldiers and leaders. assigned at birth based on ones physical characteristics. Gender being male or female. Therefore, the DOD recognizes a transgender male as someone who was of the gender as male regardless of whether sexual reassignment surgery has been conducted or not. The opposite applies to transgender females. The gender transition process for a Soldier serving on active duty who is eligible for military medical care begins when the Soldier receives a diagnosis from a military medical provider indicating that gender transition is medically necessary. The transitioning Soldier must request that the brigade-level commander approve the timing of the medical treatment. The Soldier must also notify his or her brigadelevel commander of any change to the medical treatment plan, the projected schedule for treatment, or the estimated date for the change in the Soldiers gender marker. One common phase of the gender transition process in most treatment plans is known as real-life experience (RLE), which refers to a period during which a transgender Soldier commences living socially in the gender role consistent with his or her preferred gender. The Army generally requires that RLE occur in an off-duty status, and not at a service members place of duty. Army policy requires that a transitioning Soldier must meet all Army standards for uniforms and grooming, body composition assessment, physical readiness testing, drug testing, and other military standards as they apply to his or her gender marker in the Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System (DEERS), unless the transitioning Soldier has an approved exception to policy. Once a Soldier has completed all phases of his or her approved gender transition plan, the Soldiers brigade-level commander will submit written approval to the commander of U.S. Army Human Resources Command (HRC). HRC will make the appropriate gender change in the Army personnel information system, which will update the Soldiers gender marker in DEERS. Once this occurs, the Soldier is subject to all applicable standards required by his or her updated gender, to include using preferred gender-appropriate berthing, bathroom, and shower facilities, with certain accommodations. Army leadership acknowledges that implementation of this policy will present challenges associated with addressing transgender Soldiers needs while maintaining mission focus and readiness. The assistant secretary of the Army for Manpower and Reserve Affairs has established a Service Central Coordination Cell (SCCC) composed of medical, legal and military personnel experts to provide advice and assistance to commanders, address their inquiries, and process requests for exceptions to policy in connection with Soldiers undergoing gender transition. The SCCC can be reached via email at usarmy.pentagon. firstname.lastname@example.org.Army IG has resources available to assist with issues related to transgender Soldiers
10 MAy Y 1, 2017 THE OUTPOSTY10 Agricultural & Land Antiques Collectibles Home Services Directory Appliance Repair Pool Service Roofers Party Supplies Services
THE OUTPOST m MAy Y 1, 2017 11Y11 YPG recognizes the Month of the Military Child AA pril is the Month of the Military Child, a time to recognize and appreciate military children for their sacrice in supporting their parents wherever in the world they serve. YPGs Child Development Center (CDC) celebrated with a morning of games and activities, including a pint-sized obstacle course created by YPGs Department of Emergency Services. AA bove, Lt. Kilipaki Harris watches a youngster on the course. Below, face painting from CDC employee Paige Gresham was another highlight for the children. (Photos by Mark Schauer)
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