THE OUTPOST 1 Published for the employees and families of Yuma Proving Ground, Yuma Test Center, U.S. Army Garrison Yuma, Cold Regions Test Center and Tropic Regions Test CenterU.S. Army Yuma Proving Ground, Yuma, Arizona 85365 Volume 41 No. 4 Monday, Mar ch 3, 2014 Friendly competition heats up annual chili cook-off /Page 3 Prominent employees recognized /Page 4 Prototypes tested at CRTC could be next generation of Army helmets /Page 6 Y1 By Yolie Canales The African-American Civil Rights Movement encompasses social movements in the United States whose goal was to end racial segregation and discrimination against black Americans and enforce constitutional voting rights. This article covers the phase of the movement between 1955 and 1968, particularly in the South. The movement was characterized by major campaigns of civil resistance. Between 1955 and 1968, acts of nonviolent protest and civil disobedience produced crisis situations between activists and government authorities. Federal, state, local governments, businesses, and communities often had to respond immediately to these situations that highlighted the inequities faced by African-Americans. Forms of protest and/ or civil disobedience included boycotts such as the successful Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955) in Alabama; sit-ins such as North Carolina; marches, such as the Selma to Montgomery marches (1965) in Alabama; and a wide range of other nonviolent activities. Noted legislative achievements during this phase of the movement were passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that banned discrimination based on race, color, religion, or national origin in employment practices and public accommodations; the Voting Rights Act of 1965 that restored and protected voting rights; the Immigration and Nationality Services Act of 1965 that opened entry to the U.S. to immigrants other than traditional European groups; and the Fair Housing Act of 1968 that banned discrimination in the sale or rental of housing. African Americans re-entered politics in the South, and across the country young people were inspired to take action. A wave of inner city riots in black undercut support from the white community. The emergence of the Black Power Movement, which lasted from about 1966 to 1975, challenged the established black leadership for its cooperative attitude and its nonviolence, and instead demanded political throughout the nation is observing Black History Month this year by highlighting the have contributed to our country as civilians and in uniform, including Civil Rights leaders. evaluator and chief auditor, provided keynote remarks at the luncheon on the event theme: Civil Rights in America. The subject of civil rights is a broad topic that extends to all facets of protecting the rights of EVERY Civil Rights in AmericaYPG observes Black History Month with luncheon, entertainment (PhHOTO byBY ChHUcCK WULLENJOhHN) Ahlia Eversley, a 3rd grader at Gary Knox School, performs an energetic dance number that was punchy and fun. The crowd at YPGs Black History luncheon loved it. SEE HISTORY page 2
2 MARCH 3, 2014 THHE OUTPOSTY2 person, said Cunningham, to receive equal treatment and to be free from discrimination based on race, color, gender, religion or sexual orientation. He personally feels there are three basic tenets of civil rights: honor, courage and commitment. If this phrase sounds familiar, its because it is the mantra of an organization I was actively a part of for 21 years, equal treatment to all the U.S. Marine Corps. It is as much responsible for who I am today as the parents who raised me. Cunningham said the civil rights movement for African-Americans was born out of necessity after a reconstruction period in our country that made it clear that the status quo was not going to be easily relinquished. The movement can be traced back as far as 1890 but the modern day December1, 1995, when a young black seamstress named Rosa Parks sat in a seat in Montgomery, Ala. She was told by the bus driver to give up her seat to a white passenger and when she refused, she was arrested. Her single, subtle act of disobedience would be the impetus for a strike that changed history in the South and this country, and launch the career of a young minister named Martin Luther King Jr., pointed out Cunningham. Memories come back to me along with questions: How do I honor the way for me today? How can I possibly repay that? In Cunninghams mind it has come down to two things -to remember the struggle and strive to live his life in a way that would make them proud. We have made tremendous gains over the last 50 years but it is important to recall that in every struggle, every movement, every war, there are causalities. In those challenging situations some paid the ultimate Protecting and maintaining our civil rights is a continuous journey and when one persons rights are threatened, overtly or subtly, everyone is threatened. My own experiences have given me a different perspective on the importance of this, he said, I see things through a markedly different prism now, but I have nothing but hope and a belief in my commitment and in people. I believe we all want to be better.. we have to, our children are watching. Entertainment at the luncheon was presented by vocalist Donna McFadden, a dance performance by Ahlia Eversley, a 3rd grade student from Gary Knox Elementary School, and a skit entitled Who Am I? by YPG Soldiers and civilians. In appreciation for their participation, awards were presented to committee members and the individuals involved in the event by Gordon Rogers, deputy garrison manager. HISTORYFRROM PA A GE 1 CHAPLAINS CORNER RR esetBy Chaplain (Maj.) Douglas Thomison Good day Yuma Proving Ground. Recently an Olympic ice skater was being interviewed. A reporter asked her this question: With all of the pressure and stress of being a medal contender, how do you cope? The Olympian thoughtfully said, I do a reset. For me, a reset is getting away to catch my breath and get my mind off of competition and ice skating. After hearing this interview and her method of resetting, I thought that is good as well as important advice. It is indeed important to change ones pace and perspective. In the song Feelin Groovy, Simon and Garfunkel suggest, Slow down, you move too fast, youve got to make the morning last Just kickin down the cobble-stones, lookin for fun and feelin groovy. These song lyrics may sound simplistic, but I believe for the Olympian, or for you and I, they work. So often we get caught up in daily pressures, deadlines, routines, boredom, etc. And doing something out of the norm (slow down) helps us to reset. I often tell people that come to my working, then add or take something away from your routine. In other words, dont keep doing the same old thing and get yourself/keep yourself in a rut. We really dont have to do extravagant or expensive things to reset. For example, seek God. The Bible says, Listen to this, Job; stop and consider Gods wonders. (Job 37:14). Thus, go out and see Gods wondrous creation. Watch a sunrise or a sunset. You may also want to attend take in the Castle Dome ghost town and museum and its surroundings (took my family there on Presidents Day), attend area seasonal festivals and events. Let me close by asking you how is your reset going? Do take time to reset. Have a blessed day! THEOUtTPoOStT The Outpost is an unofcial publication authorized under provisions of ARAR 360. The Outpost is published every two weeks by the Public AA ffairs Ofce, Yuma Proving Ground. Views and opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the AA rmy. This newspaper uses material credited to AA TE CC and ARAR NEWS. While contributions are solicited, the P AA O reserves the right to edit all submitted materials and make corrections, changes or deletions to conform with the policy of this newspaper. News may be submitted to: The Editor, Outpost, Yuma Proving Ground, Yuma, AA Z, 85365. Phone: (928) 328/6189 or DSN 899. Visit our website at: www.yuma.army.mil or email to: firstname.lastname@example.orgCommander: CC ol. RR eed F. Young Public Affairs Ofcer: CC huck Wullenjohn Public Affair s Specialist/Editor: Yolanda CC anales Public Affairs Specialist: Mark Schauer Technical Editor, Cold Regions Test Center: CC lara Zachgo Marketing Specialist: T eri Womack GOIN TO THE CHAPEL?SUNDAY: 9:30 CA THOTHO L II C MA SSSS ; 11 A.M. Protestant Worship MON: 1 p.m. to 3: Kids Club (Elementary ages) 7 p.m. to 8 p.m: Being All TT hat TT he Lord Expects (BA TTTT LE) (Middle/ HH igh SS chool) TUE:6 p.m. to 7 p.m: Community Bible SS tudy (Watch Care Provided) WED: 9 a.m. to 11 a.m: Mothers of Preschoolers (M OO P SS ) meets bi-weekly PH otoOTO B yY CC H uU CK W uU LL enEN J oO H nN YPG Command Evaluator Sam Cunningham, keynote speaker, presented well-thought-out, personal remarks about the importance of the civil rights movement, leaving attendees with much to think about.
THE OUTPOST MARChH 3, 2014 3Y3 00023372 By Yolie Canales Great chili-making, in many cases, is a well kept secret that includes a variety of ingredients and spices, including special chili powders. But the greatest secret may be how much love goes into the preparation. Nearly 15 entrants took part in the Munitions and Weapons Divisions recent Best Tasting Chili competition held in commemoration of National Chili Day, celebrated February 24th. I came to work at Yuma Test Centers Munitions & Weapons (M&W) division in 2008 and the following year we held Francesco, administrative assistant. Mission permitting, we always have the competition on Thursday as close to February 24th as possible. The event has been growing tremendously each year. The criteria for judging was based on the following: aroma, color, consistency, taste, and after-taste. This years judges were Julio Dominguez, YPG technical director, Wayne Schilders, chief of Weapons Operations Division and Brian Grimes, Combat Systems Branch chief. Francesco said a few of the entrants were unable to attend, but their entries group at the Kofa Firing Range loves this event and looks forward to it each year, said Francesco. The competition took place within the lunchroom at the Armament Operations Center. Each judge had a score sheet on which to record individual impressions of each entry. Wayne Schilders, one of the three judges, has performed this role for each of the past four years and said a wide variety of excellent chili recipes had been entered. He explained that he likes food hot and spicy and is a chili There were at least two to three that were very unique to me, he said, though all were quite tasty. When the judges came together at the end, each had chosen a different winner, but all agreed on the topmost entries. Since numerical scores were recorded for each category for each entry, the numerical totals were used to select the winner. Morale activities like this are held throughout the year at the division. We normally do something each month, said Francesco. This month, on the 13th, the division is featuring a PI celebration in honor of National Pie Month that will feature any kind of pie, from sweet fruit and meat pies to pizza Friendly competition heats up cook off (L oO AN eE D photosPHOT OS ) Chili cook-off participants prepare to showcase their nal products for the Best Tasting Chili competition held at the AOC Bldg. at Kofa Firing Range. Julio Dominguez, YPGs technical director, presents Eddy Patchet the 1st place winner of the Best Tasting Chili competition with a certicate of appreciation. pies. The following people were selected as winners at the chili cookoff: 1st place: Eddy Patchet; 2nd place: Gilbert Moreno; 3rd place: Linda Boring, and Honorable Mention: Jesus Estrada.
4 MARCH 3, 2014 THHE OUTPOSTY4By Yolie Canales A number of employees playing prominent roles in Yuma Proving Ground Garrison activities recently received awards at an early morning breakfast for their excellent performance and dedication to the proving grounds mission. Presenting the awards were Rick Martin, garrison manager, and Col. Reed Young, YPG commander. Awards were presented in the following categories: Length of Service Awards 25 years: Steven Ward; 20 years: Cheryl Orgeron; 10 years: Deanna Boyer, Herlinda Peters and Christine Saladin; and 5 years: Lynda Aponte, Deric Harhart and Jeanie Hudson. The Garrison Civilian of the Quarter Award was presented to Gordon Wiborg from DPTMS; were presented to Robert Barocio, Donnett Brown and Michael Stover. The Family, Moral, Welfare and Recreation Civilian of the Quarter Excellence in Customer Service Awards for FY 13, 4th Quarter was presented to Catherine Gray and Anthony Williams for FY 14, 1st Quarter. The Garrison Managers Coin was presented to Vince Avanzini, Dennis Brown, Linda Gillis and Charles Johnson. In addition, the presentation of Commanders Notes went to Mark Hanley and Bill Heidner. Prominent employees recognized Test your knowledge on OPSEC program Submitted by Bob Hallahan Question Who are your OPSEC Answer Joyce Gordon and Bob Hallahan Question What are YPGs critical Answer Answers to the sample questions the emerging technologies applicable to new Answer It is posted on the intranet and the Question What are the collection threats Answer Imagery (satellites, cameras), Signal (cell phone, range radio), Human (visitors, foreign intelligence service), Open Source (news media, Social networks), and Insider (disloyal employees). Question What are measures to Answer Use cover sheet to safeguard appropriate markings on documents. Request information to the general public. Use (PH otosOTOS B yY Y oO LI eE CC ANAL esES )Tony Williams (right), Cactus Caf manager, is presented with the FMWRs Civilian of the Quarter Excellence in Customer Service Award by Garrett Smith, FMWR director.
THE OUTPOST MARChH 3, 2014 5Y5 GET DUNE PASSES HERE! 1350 E. 32nd Street 928-314-3400 Come by and ask about our new Special Military Discounted Prices. Increased Trade-In Values. Complimentary 12 Month/12,000 Mile Limited Warranties. Additional Discount On parts & Labor. Other Special Rewards. VIEWPOINTSWhether you grew up in Arizona or Alaska, video games have been an inescapable part of childhood for over 30 years. We asked members of the CRTC workforce what their favorite videogame was when they were kids. Dusty Wright IT specialist Ben Harley System admin.I had Scramble at home, but had to go to a buddys house to play Asteroids. Scramble was a side-scrolling shooter with a ship that was a triangle wedgeshaped thing, and the screen scrolled from the right to the left with blocks in the shapes of buildings that you dropped narrow caverns. When I was a kid, video games were cool, but they werent that cassette tapes. Dragon Warrior on Nintendo. You had to save the princess, destroy evil, and save the world. It was very rudimentary and turn-based, and all you saw was the monster up on the screen and you selected what you wanted to do to attack it. It was my favorite game because my brother subscribed to Nintendo Power magazine and the game came free: I opened it while he was in California and started playing it. When he found out, I was hurting. Clara Zachgo Technical editorDuck Hunt and Mario Brothers on Nintendo. In Duck Hunt you shoot birds, and the dog goes and gets them. It came with a little handgun-shaped controller to shoot the ducks. I used to play it with my brother.
6 MARCH 3, 2014 THHE OUTPOSTY6 By Mark Schauer Three prototypes of a modular helmet sporting mandible protection, a detachable visor, and add-on layers of armor is currently under test at U.S. Army Cold Regions Test Center. To the casual observer, the prototype helmets might look like something out of the Halo series of videogames. But the new features are meant to protect Soldiers from human enemies and manmade weapons like the improvised explosive devices encountered in Afghanistan. Soldiers who have seen the prototypes like the increased facial protection they offer, citing the shrapnel wounds and facial burns too many Soldiers suffered in theater in the previous decade. Our data collection effort is continuous and intensive based on each days activity, said Richard Reiser, test test in terms of its footprint that it is almost off the radar. Yet a decade down the road this could affect everyone in uniform if one of these candidates or an evolution of one of these candidates becomes the new standard. Aside from subjective things like comfort and to discover facets of the helmets that could make them unsuitable for extreme cold conditions. How adjust a helmets strap while wearing heavy mittens? Can a Soldier run or conduct other strenuous activities in arctic conditions with the mandible piece and visor attached without the visor fogging up and obstructing their view? Will the helmets additional armor result in conductive heat loss? A piece of equipment that is really wonderful for a Soldier in the tropics could lead to personal injury for someone in Alaska, said Reiser. There are all sorts of compromises that come item. Conversely, the prototype helmets new features might also have unintended, Soldiers operating in arctic environments. A positive of the mandible protection is that it has the potential to reduce frostbite injuries for open hatch operations, said Reiser. To answer these questions to the test, CRTC personnel are putting the prototype helmets through their paces in the coldest winter months of interior Alaska. As 80 percent of body heat loss occurs through the head, the CRTC personnel are particularly eager to measure this aspect of each prototype. They use infrared photography to measure each helmet prototypes heat signature, and place inside the padding of each helmet a dime-sized sensor that collects heat and humidity for up to a week continuously. This unobtrusive sensor is then removed from the helmet, and the downloaded data compared to the Soldiers activities as they wore it. Test non-commissioned have designed a variety of simulated missions that mimic how an ordinary Soldier in an extremely cold environment would use them. The test scenarios are based off of our deployments and training backgrounds, said 1st Sgt. Edward Balboa. Weve done tactical marches on foot and on vehicles, night operations with mounted NVGs, and gone conducted simulated sniper missions. They have been very proactive in coming up with new ideas and ways to conduct regular Soldier tasks and maximize the wear time amidst all of their other responsibilities, added Reiser. That extra wear time lets us know how the weight is working out on their heads in different situations. The end result is that were going to be able to give the project manager some really valid subjective data and some cost savings.Prototypes tested at CRCR T CC could be next generation of AA rmy helmets A hat for all seasons The new helmet features are meant to protect Soldiers from human enemies and manmade weapons like the improvised explosive devices encountered in Afghanistan. Soldiers who have seen the prototypes like the increased facial protection they offer, citing the shrapnel wounds and facial burns too many Soldiers suffered in theater in the previous decade.
THE OUTPOST MARChH 3, 2014 7Y7 Test non-commissioned ofcers attached to CRTC have designed a variety of simulated missions that mimic how an ordinary Soldier in an extremely cold environment would use the new helmets. The test scenarios are based off deployments and training backgrounds to include tactical marches on foot and on vehicles and night operations with mounted NVGs, have gone to the ranges to re M4s and conducted simulated sniper missions.(P hotosHOTOS B yY MARK SC hH A ueUE R)
8 MARCH 3, 2014 THHE OUTPOSTY8 rfntbtr rfnrtb ffrt trrrtrtr trrbtrr rrfrrrf r InterContinental Hotels Group. All rights reserved. IHG Army Hotels properties are independently owned by Rest Easy, LLC, an a liate of Lend Lease (US) Public Partnerships, LLC, and operated by an a liate of IHG. rfnntbrrnb rfntbtr rfnrtb ffrt trrrtrtr trrbtrr rrfrrrf r InterContinental Hotels Group. All rights reserved. IHG Army Hotels properties are independently owned by Rest Easy, LLC, an a liate of Lend Lease (US) Public Partnerships, LLC, and operated by an a liate of IHG. rfnntbrrnb rfntbtr rfnrtb ffrt trrrtrtr trrbtrr rrfrrrf r InterContinental Hotels Group. All rights reserved. IHG Army Hotels properties are independently owned by Rest Easy, LLC, an a liate of Lend Lease (US) Public Partnerships, LLC, and operated by an a liate of IHG. rfnntbrrnb 00019569 rfrnt r bnnrt nr 00020737 Felicity monument dedicated (PH otosOTOS B yY MM ARK SCHA ueUE R)Felicity Mayor Jacque Istel (left) addresses the audience as Col. Reed Young, former YPG commander Col. Rob Filbey, members of YPGs Airborne Test Force, instructors from the Military Freefall School, and others stand before the newly constructed granite wall detailing the history of the United States. The 100 ft. wall was engineered to endure for 4,000 years. YPG Commander Col. Reed Young, the highest ranking member of the Army at the monument dedication, greets Felicity Mayor Jacque Istel. The museum was founded by Istel in the early 1990s to commemorate the history of humanity. Also attending the event was Vice Admiral Tom Copeman, commander of the Naval Surface Forces of the U.S. Pacic Fleet, as well as the French consul based in San Diego.
THE OUTPOST MARChH 3, 2014 9Y9 rf ntbnrbnnt rnnbn nbbb nn SAFETY CORNERDangerous slopes MAUREEN PIKAL U.S Army Combat Readiness/Safety Center Fort Rucker, Ala. One of the many great things about being stationed in Europe is the skiing. Every year, my family goes on several ski trips. OurÂ battle rhythm is for the kids to take two days of lessons before they get to ski with their dad. Our 12and 13-yearold children areÂ excellent skiers like their dad; theyve been taking lessons since they were 4 and 5. I, on the other hand, am an intermediate skierÂ at best. Last Thanksgiving, the kids and I went to Zell am See, Austria, for three days of skiing. Unfortunately, like so many military families,Â Max and Claires dad was not with us because he was deployed. After unloading the car, we headed straight to the rental shopÂ to pick up gear. My kids hate this part because they have to keep putting the gear on and off, as Â for their size, weight and skiing ability. My husband and I also insist the kids always wear ski helmets. They complain,Â but the rule is they wear helmets or they dont ski. lessons, Claire said, Thanks, mom; I am so glad I had on my helmet because I wiped out so badÂ and hit my head so hard I would have been knocked out! Max proceeded to tell me how bad and how often Claire wiped out. Undaunted by a day full of wipeouts, they then informed me they didnt want to ski with me on the third day because my skiingÂ stinks. Realizing they wouldnt have fun on the easy slopes, I agreed and arranged for a private instructor take them skiing the Â last day. The next day, I went up on the mountain with the kids and their instructor. When they hit the ski lifts, I parked myself, with book, at Â the lodge. W e later met for lunch, and the kids and instructor were off again. Not long after, I heard my son screaming, Mom! Mom! Claire got run over! I looked up and saw a very animated ski instructor Â coming toward me with Claire in tow. The instructor was explaining in a mixture of English and German that she did not pursue Â the two skiers who did this because she was concerned with Claires condition. After I I listened Â to the rest of the story. An out-of-control skier hit and knocked Claire to the ground. His buddy, who was also out of control, ran Â over Claires head with his skis. Claire did not get up and laid on the ground until the ski instructor came to her Claires ski helmet Â had a huge twoand-half-inch-wide gouge running from the back to the front-right temple. The two thugs who ran Claire over Â stopped, looked at her on the ground and then took off. The most ef fective way to prevent any ski injury is to know the rules of the slopes, take lessons and ski within your abilities. If you ski, chances are you will collide with another skier, snowboarder or some stationary object (maybe a tree or pole). Why wouldnt you wear a helmet? I am 100 percent positive Claire would have died or been permanently brain damaged had she not been wearing a ski helmet that day. Next Outpost deadline is noon March 6th Sexual Assault Hotline: 920-3104 or 328-3224 Report Domestic Violence: 328-2720
10 MARCH 3, 2014 THHE OUTPOSTY10 Reds Bird Cage SaloonLocated in the heart of Historic Downtown Yuma231 Main St. 928-783-1050Mon-Fri 9am 2:30am Open Sat & Sun 6am Come And Join Us! By Rick Cave, Employment Readiness Program Manager, YPG The Army is full of programs to help Soldiers and Family Members. But did you know theres a program that provides local employment opportunities right here on Yuma Proving Ground? A program that assists in resume writing? Did you know this program can be found at Army Community Service (ACS)? The Employment Readiness Program (ERP) is the best kept secret in the Army. Its conception is due to growing concerns regarding Family member employment mentioned at every Army Family Action Plan (AFAP) since 1983. Thereafter, the ERP was established in 1985. ERP, back then known as Family Member Employment Assistance Program (FMEAP) was modeled after a 1982 volunteer organization called Education and Employment Resource Center (EERC) that was established by local Army wives to meet the needs of spousal education and employment at Fort Belvoir, Va. The AFAP III initiative mandated that a program be developed to provide employment information at each new duty station for Family members PCSing with their Soldiers. Effective October 1, 1986, employment information was available at ACS and thus employment readiness assistance became one of the basic services provided by ACS. When the ERP program was initially established assist Family members. However, over the years, the program has expanded and evolved to offer the complete employment assistance services to active duty members, DA civilian employees, spouses, retirees, surviving spouses and their Family, including children. The ERP program has grown to become a one-stop-shop designed to assist with all professional employment assistance needs for Family Members and Soldiers. ERP services are available at 95 Army installations worldwide. Their services include assistance in resume development, job search, work at home opportunities, interview preparation, job application assistance and much more. There are many classes available to include, federal job applications for both NAF and AF positions, and big employment events such as job fairs. The Employment Readiness Programs hours of operation are Monday Thursday 6 a.m. to 5 p.m. We are located at ACS, Bldg. 309. Please call and make your appointment today to get started down the path to success. Call Rick at 928-328-2324. Â Employment Readiness Program Designate a Sober Driver This St. Patricks DaySt. Patricks Day is MM arch 17, and YPG AA rmy Substance AA buse Program ( AA S AA P) is reminding drivers not to get behind the wheel if theyve been drinking. F or more information, visit www.trafcsafetymarketing.gov or call YPG AA S AA P at (928) 328-3090/2249.
THE OUTPOST MARChH 3, 2014 11Y11 rfrntbb frbn rf nttbtb r nttbr tntt tnr b nbr b t br tb r nr ttn nr trnt t bbtttr t r tbr Central Location 284 W. 32nd Street Yuma, AZ 85364 928-341-4563 24 Hrs 7 Days a Week Foothills Location 11142 S. Scottsdale Drive Yuma, AZ 85367 928-345-6830 Daily : 7:00am 7:00pm Valley Location 2377 S. 22nd Drive Yuma, AZ 85364 928-343-0488 Mon. Fri.: 7:00am 7:00pm Sat. Sun.: Closed Prime Care Kids: Mon. Fri.: 5pm 11pm Sat. Sun.: 9am 3pm www.primecareyuma.com We Are Proud To Help Take Care Of Our Military Families We Accept TRICARE
12 MARCH 3, 2014 THHE OUTPOSTY12 rfn $699*LASIKStarting at M ILI TA RY D ISCOUNT S Dr. Aiello is the only Ophtalmologist doing Lasik and PRK in Yuma, Arizona.Protect your eyes with quality, fashion sunglasses regular or prescription.Dr. Aiello is a Retired Air Force Senior Flight Surgeon and State Air Surgeon for the Arizona National Guard with 27 years of military service. rfn tnbnn