FOREWARNED IS FOREARMED I
Preserve the Rights of Free Speech ,and Free Press.
TO MAKE PEOPLE THINK
That They May Know What They ;Are and Why
Vol 11. No. 15 LAKE CITY, FLORIDA, TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1917 $1.00 A Year
MUCH WORK AHEAD
FOR LAW MAKERS
NUMBER OF MATTERS SUGGESTED THAT MAY RECEIVE LEGISLATIVE ATTENTION
( By Oscar M. Johnson)
The next Legislature, which convenes on April 3, since the constitution provides that the general assembly shall be called together in biennial session on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in April of odd years, will be interesting in many respects.
Itis expected to go down in history as one of the most progressive in view of the probabilities of the enactment of legislation which other states have written on their statute books, but which have not been fovared by previous assemblies of this state.
Measures which have failed in sessions of the past decade will be adopted without difficult sledding this year.
There will be a large number of them, too. A number of entirely new ideas will be sprung. One of them will be a bill abolishing the boards of county commissioners, which will be introduced by Amos Lewis of Jackson County.
Efforts wil be made to create seven new counties, and it is expected that most of these measures will be successful in passage, subject to referendum.,
Of course, there will be a great
number of duplications of bills touching upon the same subject. Beforethe Legislature is in session ten days its hoppers will contain more than 1,000 bills, which will bear directly upon hardly more than 50 subjects. The following is a carefully prepared resume of the bills and resolutions, which will occupy a major portion of the time of the legislators during the
sixty days beginning April 3:
Submission of constitutional ameedment providing for state-wide prohibition.
Submission of constitution amendment providing for woman's suffrage.
Repeal of Davis Package Law and
passage of substitute lessening the possibilities of the operation of saloons under the guise, of clubs.
Repeal of the Gornto game' law,
which was pased in 1915, and which abolished the state game commission and took the supervision out of hands of state and placed it in the hands of
Repeal of Bryan primary law,
adopted in 1918, and which did away with the second primary and substituted the second choice method of voting.
Revision of the state libel laws,
which are regarded one of the most
drastic in the country.
Repeal of the law creating the state
tax commission. Others will propose increased powers for the tax commissioners, placing the assessing of railroads, telegraph lines and telephone lines in their hands and taking this duty out of the hands of railroad commission and comptroller.
Increase in number of justices of the supreme court from five to six, maxi-' mum number permitted under the constitution.i Amnmn ocorrpt practice act,
whichwill require candidates to file receipted bills covering payment of expenses.
Lwrequiring the dipping ofcattle Sin line with the campaign to eradicate
Sbtnilaporainby the state to conduct the cattle tick eradication :campaign in ;conjunction with Fdrlatoiisand associations
no crring on the work. ....Substantial appropriation to com-, peetecmagagiscirscanker. The Federal goyrerment will m atch every dolrappropri~ed by
tesaefrthis work up to$300,
00.Telegislature of 1913 appro-
printed $125,000 covering two years.
Submission of constitutional amendnient TIviding for the initiative, referendum t Ed recall, extending to the jiliciary.
Creation of state board of veterinary examiners.
I aw permitting cities and counties to ievy publicity tax assessments.
Pure advertising, law designed to prevent misrepresentation in real ebtate and other advertisin..
Creation of commission to assum)i Charge of the Everglades drainage oTnorations and place the credit of the state, not alone the drainage district, behind the drainage bonds.
Bill to. divide and create new counties out of St. John, Volusia, Brevard, DeSoto arid another out of parts of Marion and Levy, Calhoun (Crawford), Pinellas (Wilson Co.)
Lawv making it mandatory on the part of the governor to call a primary fo' the nomination of successor to any Offcer removed from office.'
Creation of Twelfth Judicial Circuit,,
* ~ I ~
To CATHOLICS .
I want to register my protest against the circulation of such articles as the one attached below. My parents were both Catholics, hence such things as this make me hang my head in shame. I hope some other sons of Catholic parents will join me in demanding of Bishop Curley that these parties be prosecuted for slanderous libel if they are not true, or, what I think would gain a real victory, have the legislature appoint a committee of inspection and by this means prove these men worse than robbers. I, for one, want my parents' good name vindicated from such inhuman charges and I am sure there are many more in the state who feel like I do.
It wont to do to have the Bishop come out and say that these things are lies, ete. That wont do now. People want to know things, and if these charges go unanswered every protestant and nonbeliever will believe them, and I don't blame them.
I, for one, woulct be glad to see a stringent inspection bill passed and let all the good, honest and sincere Catholics know the whole truth. It can't possibly be worse than this. The United States, government made Mormons abandon their multiplicity of wives, and the Chinese are forbidden to bind their girl babies' feet. Why can't they stop this inhuman practice, or let the world know that it is false? Who will be the next son of Catholic parents to register his protest with mine ? Cut out this article and send it to Bishop Curley at St Augustine. I want, like you, to look my protestant friends in the f ace and feel that I have no cloud on my beloved parents.
Following is the article, and cover your face in shame. It is estimated there are 2,500,000 nuns in these convents and 63%Awith this awful disease.
A Son of Catholic Parents.
Here is the article referred to:
Mortality in Religious Houses
Cornet, investigating the death rate among certain religious orders, found that nearly 63 per cent. of the death rate was due to tuberculosis. This autht 4 in to the conclusion that iin such sisterhoods, where confinement and bad ventilation are marked features and where opportunities for infection are great, a healthy girl who enters the sisterhood at 17 dies twenty-one years earlier than her sister who remains outside the convent; that such an inmate in her 25th year has the same expectation of life as a woman outside the convent has at the age of 45; and that a nun of 33 must be classed with a woman outside' whose age is 62."-Fzom p. 20 of "The Conquest of Consumption," by Dr. A. Latham, and Mr. C. H. Garland 1911, new and revised edition.
comprising Clay, St. Johns and Putnam-St. Johns and Clay now in Fourth, and Putnam in Eighth. (Duval and Nassau in Fourth.) Thrown out.last year by supreme court. SCompulsory education law. Abolition of convict lease system. Law :providing for the Torrens system of land titles. Cor.&titutional amendment providing for reapportionment of House anld Senate..
Law providing for the abolition of the fee system.'
Amendment providing for the abeli~hing of the boards of county commissioiers and placing the affairs of very county under a board comprisivg various county officerS, similar to th.sy. tem under which the state governmEnt operates. SAmendment providing for separate state and county taxes. Amendment :calling f~or every pri-.
mary nominee to go into the general election so as to prevent the governor
-from appointing some one else to an cffie to which some om has been nomiiated in a primary election.
Law providing for semi-monthly pay at least, by corporations' having a monthly payroll of more than $10,000.
Workmen's compensation act and in*dustrial commission to settle all disputes between employer and empl yee.
Law prohibiting giving of tiPs.
Law requiring insurance companies to publish in papers of a general circulation regularly statement of their condition, just as banks are required to do.
Compulsory school attendance law.
Appropriations calling for additions to state asylum for the insane at Chattahoochee or the erection of another institution in Middle Florida.
Law providing for the creation of a bureau for medical inspection of school children.
Law providing for the abolition of
TAX COMMISSION MAKES REASONABLE
ARGUMENT FOR MORE AUTHORITY
The tax commissioners of the State praised at more than forty-six milofe Floria rcnysnt out the f- lion dollars (copy of the appraisement of Florida recently sent out the fol- being on file in the office of the prolowing, which contains much food for bate court of St. Johns County.) thought. Until this time this estate had been
assessed-think of the pitiful assessment in comparison with its value-at
To the People of Florida seventy-five thousand dollars!
The Legislature of 1913 enacted a The Tax Commission, after eliminlaw creating a Tax Commission with ating ever- item of doubtful value, as the purpose in view of equalizing tax- expressed by the appraisers, found ation in Florida. that the remainder was worth not
This was a laudable motive, because less than thirty-two millions.
taxation has, for years, been unequal On the basis of 50 per cent. of true in this State. The labor of carrying value, which basis the Tax Commisthe tax burden had fallen on those sion was trying to have all property least able to carry the load. and-it was assessed on, the assessment of the es-, intended that the Tax Commission tate was placed at Sixteen million dolshould be the medium for adjudgment lars. of this burden, placing it on all inter- Then the Board of County Commisests and individuals alike. sioners, without notice to the Tax
This the Tax Commission has tried Commission, reduced this assessment to do, but, unfortunately, in the crea- to five million dollars, thus depriving tion of the Commission, the Legisla- the State of seventy-one thousand ture failed to clothe it with such spe- five hundred dollars that should have cific authority'as is necessary for the gone into the State treasury, and St. performance of such an herculean Johns County of an amount more than task. twice as great.
Blockade by Wealthy Tax Dodgers This could not have occurred if the
The Tax Commission has vainly Tax Commission had had the power tried to bring all the tax-dodging now asked. class into line, and in its efforts has It may be noted, too, that had the had to contend with the powerful fi- Board of Commissioners of St. Johns nancial interests which heretofore County dared to defy public sentiment have escapedpayingajustt. still more and reduced the assessment
have escaped paying aUS jutax. o
The Tax Commission has labort ofthe Flagler estate to its former
bring the wealthy class up to the rack, figure-seventy-five thousand dollars
brmg ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ -ta thhwaehycls-uTaxte ck Comm _ission would and hile partially successful, in some -hat ne tax Commissionwould
instances it has been unable to do as
m a That is why the appeal is made for
much of thin as is necessary, beyau, specific authority of law that Such ares gu.restby'nloccditin a cases of injustice and unequal taxalocal pOlitics, ave ware e tion can be adjusted and equalized L r
lclpltchetwreth efthe Tax Commission for the benefit of
forts of the Tax Commission to force the masses of Florida. them into line, becauseThe, p C Railroads Not Properly Taxed
h powers given to the Tax om he Tax Commission also takes the
m mission are so vague as to eave in Tposition that th.e. gr t al ro ad s y the minds of many a doubt as topofon Stath er been:
whether the Commission could enforce tems of our State have never been pequalizationproperly taxed, as but one element of its mandates in requirng value has heretofore been considered
Appeal to the Average Citizen in fixing the value of thseproperties This is a condition that calls for the for taxation, viz: physical iralue, or, serious consideration of all the people. p
Particularly is the appdal made to [construction., the average citizen, who has too long The Commission believes that this permitted the wealthy minority to basis ison believes that ever ]basis is wrong; it believes that every overload him unjuustly with taxation. element affecting the value should be
To remedy this condition for th'considered, and this has not been done common good the Tx Commission is with reference to the railroads, as asking that the Legislature clothe it but one element of value, as above with specific authority to enable it to stated, is considered. effectively control the administration The Tax ,Commission believes that of the law. it should assess these properties, as,
If this power is given the Tax Coi- being in touch at all times with the mission, it will be able, in a grest several Cbunty Assessors, it is in a measure, to relieve the man of nder- better position to know when the line ate. means, as well as the Po ,"" of equality is reached than is now the of the tax burden that now rests tn case. ti-Leir shculders, and that has for so More Unjust Taxes Paid by People long rested there, while it will place The U. S. Census Bureau estimated a just part of this burden on the the value of all railroads in Florida in shoulders of the wealthy class, and 1912, placing this at approximately thereby equalize the burdens of taxa- $311,000,000.00, and the assessment tion. against these properties for 1916 is,
Would Help the Poor Man 1 h round numbers $45,000,000.00,
The Tax Commission is asking the which represents 14 per cent of their support of the great nmss of the pen- estimated value. pie in this effort to properly distrib- This same authority estimates theI ute the burden of taxation, to the end, value of real estate and personal prop- ] that instead of taxation being oppres- erty in Florida in 1912 to be about sive to the poor it will be 'equtably $695,000,000.00, and the assessment of distributed and, thereby placed on these properties for 1916 is approxi-I those most benefited by the govern- mately, $260,000,000.00, which repre-] ment. sents about 37 per cent of estimated
An Outrage Against the People value.I
With proper legislation the Tax Thus it will be seen that real esCommission can, in the future, pre- tate and personal property are taxed vent such outrages on justice as has at nearly three times the per cent at recently been perpetrated by the which railroad property is taxed. Board of County Commissioners of Ta Commission Should Have Control Hillsborou~h County. The Tax Commission realizes the inThis was the case where the Board equality of this condition and has urgreduced the assessment against the ed the remedy, but so far, have been personal property of the Banks of that unable to get it applied. \ County to the absurd level of 10 per The Commission feels that it should" cent, in spite of the efforts of the Tax Ihave entire control over the whole
Commission to prevent it. tax system, and believes that it can
This action on the part of these bring order out of chaos if given the county commissioners was a flagrant power to do it. violation of justice, and was discrim- Forty-one States now have permaination against every taxpayer in nent Tax Commissions, and practicalFlorida, in favor of those banks. ly every one of them has placed this
With the proper authority, the Tax work on the Commission and it hwas Commission could have prevented this worked out well. It will do this in outrage upon a helpless citizensship. Florida if the Legislature' will make
Another "Lemon" for the People such provision for railroad as'cssAnother "lemon" was handed to ment.
the people of t. Johns county by its' The Common Cause for Welfare Board of County Commissioners. The Tax Commission appeals to the With the legislation asked for the masses of the people in the State to. Tax Commission can prevent a recur- make common cause with it and to inrence of such case of injustice. sist that their delegation in the next
This was the flagrant violation of Legislature clothe the Tax Commisjustice perpetrated by the Board of sion with all needful power to protect County Commissioners of St. Johns the interests of the masses. County when it reduced the assess- The appropriation of Fifteen Thousments against the personal property and Dollars -($15,000.00) annually for of the estate of Henry M. Flagler the Tax Commission means, one-half from sixteen million dollars to five ( ) of one cent oin every One Hunmillion dollars. dred Dollars ($100) valuation of propThe Tax' Commission, after investi- erty for the year 1916.
gation, found that this estate was ap- This of I cent on the hundred
j MAN AND DUTY
During the year that Mr. Gadstone, the illustrous Christian statesman, was Premier of England, some students called to see him. As they were taking their leave one of them said, "Mr. Gadstone, what is the biggest word in the English language?" Mr. Gadstone without a moment's hesitation picked up a pencil and wrote "DUTY," and held'it up to them..This incident doubtless made a lasting impression on those young men.
When we of today look over the official actions of men in office today, from the lowest to the highest, we can see and feel the hand of Esau while we hearithe voice of Jacob (the deceiver.)
In the removal of Solicitor Howell, we can hear the voice of our noble Governor Sidney J. Catts saying, "No officer who does not do his whole duty, or debauches his office, shall hold, it is in my power to remove him." We heard the voice during the campaign; now we see the great firm hand of Sidney J. Catts as he lifts the great axe of duty, and severs the legal head of Solicitor Howell, and as it drops into the political' scrap heap, poor fellow, he dug his own grave by forgetting that greatest of English words "Duty."
We happen to know that Governor Catts had great pressure brought to bear on him not to take this course. Some of his most ardent and faithful supporters went to see him in the interest of Mr. Howell, and we can say with certainty that had there been only this one slip he could have saved him; but, when this friend saw this mass of evidence on file in the Governor's hands he just threw up both hands and said, "Governor, do your duty," and we all know what followed.
The great trouble is, in such cases as this, Mr. Howell's friends and Mr. Catts' enemies will say and do say that it was nothing but spite and political revenge. To all such wewould say, you don't know the man that is Governor of your State. If youhave any grievance at all with him go and see him, and you will come away feeling and saying, "I have seen and shake hands with a real man.' ,
We are never afraid to trust a man that is controlled by the high and noble principle of duty. He may make mistakes, but never will he do friend or foe an injustice knowingly, and such we know our Governor to be.
We are glad to say we have not heard a single word of complaint about Me Howell's successor, It speaks well for Col. F. W. Butler; when political enemies can't throw mud he must be, and indeed is, a hightoned, clean man, who we believe will reflect credit on Governor Catts' good judgment.
Who will be the next unfaithful servant who will be called to give an account of his stewardship? B.
TO ADDRESS MINISTERIAL STUDENTS OF COLUMBIA COLLEGE
The editor of the Free Press has been requested to deliver a special address on Romanism before the ministerial students of Columbia College. At a recent flag-raising at the- College a few remarks on the menacing dangers that beset our liberties, civil, political and religious, were of special interest t the class, and the invitation to address them followed.
TAX BOOKS WILL NOT
CLOSE UNTL MAY 1
Tallahassee, Spe c i a 1, -Governor Catts has extended time for payment of all taxes and closing o0f tax books to May 1. The law says tax books shall close April 1, and order was
some time ago sent out by Gov. Catts to this effect, but -so many strong protests have come in, that he was moved today to make an extension of another month.
dollars valuation on the 1916 assessment will produce Fifteen thousand Two Hundred and Fifty Dollars ($15,250.O)O).
As a matter of fact, the Tax Commission-even hampered as it has been-has put considerably more money into the State Treasury than it has taken out, this, by placing on the tax books thusands, yea, millions of dollars of property *that had heretofore escaped taxation entirely. it was not intended that the COMMISSION should be a "money gathering machine," except by placing escaped property on the tax-rolls, but it was intended as an equalizing body, so that the burden of taxation would be properly and equitable, distributed on all interests.
THE LIQUOR FIGHT
V I M VAD1
la~ VII III L.IUl
MONSTER RALLY IN TALLAHASSEE IN CONNECTION WITH OPENING OF THE LEGISLATURE
A report has just reached us, though we have not .yet been able to confirm the report, that the demoralized liquor forces, in a last effort to save the fast waning powers of the organized liquor traffic in Florida, have set aside their former champion, Gus Muller, deposed for allowing the Davis Bill to pass, and will put up, to hoodwink the Legislature, their "last hope,"' Pleas Holt, of statewide fame, who, bythe way, led the Virgina.wets down to disastrous defeat.
Florida Three-Fourths Dry
Taking into consideration the amazing and unprecedented progress of Prohibition everywhere throughout the United States and the wonderful advancement of prohibition sentiment in Florida, we believe three-fourths and possibly four-fifths of the white voters of the State are 'ready to 'vote fQr Statewide Prohibition, and that they should exert such a powerful influence at Tallahassee when the Legislature meets that every Representative and Senator will feel like voting for the Submission Measure.
People of Florida, Awake!
The house is dry but the Senate, while in all human probability dry, is too close for comfort. Under the tremendous pressure of HoR, and a liquor slush fund, and the influence of the liquor forces, there may be a possibility of'the Senate voting wet, thoug we do not believe it will-but -the very possibility ought to bring -every Florida Prohibitionist to his feeI et th a determination to get into the fight with every ounce of energy audt'every, dollar of money possible laid n thealtar of service to give King Alcohol the "knock out" blow in his last stand in the Legislative Halls of this Commonwealth.
Submission Measure First
The Submission Measure will be prepared and in the hands of the proper persons, ready for introduction at the first possible momentandfressed to the final pasage as fast astbma chinery can move, and we hope that leading Prohibitionists from every section of the State will be present and witness the fall of Holt and the liquor power.
Big Rally at Tallahassee
Plans f or the Big Rally are being made everywhere in the state. Do not fail to do your part. Make up a dry delegation from your community and come to Tallahassee for the opening of the Legislature, April 3rd, and be there to do your part to offset the pressure and influence of the liquor forces.
Baker and Bryan to Speak
Dr..P. A. Baker, National Superintendent, who hasbeen directing the wonderfully successful efforts of the Anti-Saloon League in the National Congress, wil. ein Tallahassee, representing the Anti-Saloon
League, to address the people on these great issues and to report on the victories in the National Congress. Also W. J., Bryan, who was in the Indiana Campaign and addressed the Legislature of Indiana, hasaccepted our invitation and.will address: the Citizens and Members of 'the Legislature on Wednesday night, April 4th,...
BngYour Dry Delegaton ..
'use your influence, make your plans, get up a dry delegation and brig .....such a forminable dry army to Tallahassee that Bolt, and the liquor lobby, will quail before our superior numbers and strength, and go down in defeat, leaving the Legi~ltuare free and unbiased to make wholesome laws for all the people. ...
For information or arrangements address the St~fewide: Prohibition LeageHeaquartrs,: Tallahssee, or any member of the executive Committee, Hen. D.. C. McMullen, Prs.,Ho.N C. Bryan, Vice-Pres., Hon. J. S. Bith
ers, Rev. C. W. Crooke, Superintendent.
Wear a White Ribbon Bow
The Free Press suggests that everybody wear a white bow on all the above occasions. If all will do this, it will, of itself, constitute a strong argument. If we get to Tallahassee we shall wear one.-Ed. Free Press.
The FreePress wants the name of' a live worker at each postoffice or neighborhood in the state, to represent this paper and handle our subscription list there. We can make it interesting to those who wil promise to do something. For further information address
THE FREE PRESS, Lake City, Fla.
(Continued on last page)
"! THE FREE PRESS, TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1917
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TAX EQ..A..... ...N NEEDED
If there isoetiiigmore than anotther tha th nted States is famous for, it is ueqa and 'ujttx iaws says( tht great agziut~ agazine
days of Geog the. rlhr ur lws have b,a. deie to sokte small leader n ltthe bj adoye
Georgilt legislature passed ;t taw which in a mpesure gave the small. owz4er justice. Even at that, the big owner cointrved to get his valued at $38'an acre, while his smaller-neighbor's land was valued at $20. Bu~t the big landowners are not evencontent with that. ,Some of them are now trying with might and'm ain t-o gt that tax law repealed. They apparently want a law which will enable- them to dodge paying taxes altogether. If we make any amendment at all to our present tax law it should be to add about $17 to the, big landowner's tax. valuation. Instead of letting him off, he should be soaked again. What our southern states need is some.law that will make it unprofitable to hold land for speculation. Then we shall be rid of the tenant problem, and the land shall come back into the hands of the farmers, where it belongs.-Valley Gazette, Kissimmee.
JUDGE CONGRATULATES SUFFRAGIST
Washington, Special.-Chief Justice Walter A. Clark, of the North Carolina Supreme Court,,. telegraphed last iight to Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, president of the National Woman's Suffrage Association,. congratulating her upon the aocass$o of Arkansas to the ranks of suffrage'States. "It opens the door to woman suffti'ge .n the 'uutli," the' messagee-lid.
THE FREE PRESS
FLORIDA'S WEEKLY STATE PAPER
Published every Tuesday by the Index Printing Co., (Inc.) at 22 No. Marion St., Lake City, Fla.
J. B. Hodges, Pres. A.B. Cargile, Sec.-Treas. A. B, Cargile .......................... Editor
Duly entered as second class matter at the Post Office
at Jacksonville, Florida, and request filed for change to
the Post Office at Lake City, Florida.
Subscription $1.00 Per Year in Advance
Lake City, Fla., Tuesday, March 27, 1917
WITH this issue the Free Press begins its regular visits from Lake City, and also begins to carry our weekly editorial utterances to the great people of Florida.
The change to Lake City and to our editorial control has finally been thought best, all things considered, to make the Free Press a strong, permanent state weekly; and this proposition is treated more at length in another column.
In connection with such a change we desire to be understood as to our editorial policy.
All our readers realize that during the campaigns last year the paper was more or less a propaganda proposition, and as such it served its purpose nobly and well. But victories won must be cherished. The elbow-touch must be preserved. United action must not be lost. The work already done must be conserved, and new results accomplished. The dangers attendant upon reaction following, achieved success must be watched.
Intercommunication is necessary, and that is one great work that this paper wil undertake.
The Free Press is democratic, so far as .the editor is concerned, and expects to win its victories in Florida on the democratic firing line. Like the famous Palmetto regiment on the fields of Mexie, we want "a place in the picture close to the flashing, of the guns"--and we shall be in the flashing.
We shall labor earnestly for state-wide, nationwide and world-wide respectability and prosperity, which can only come with a concurrent prohibition of the liquor traffic.
Against the communicants of any ecclesiastical body, as such, we have no complaint; but we are unalterably opposed to any so-called religious organization that may attempt to make all others subservient to itself, whether its headquarters be in Italy, Utah or anywhere else. We shall contend with all the earnestness at our' command, that church and 'state should be forever separate, and will stand square-shouldered and loud and long and strong against the insidious efforts of any ecclesiastical body, no matter where itsheadquarters,.to gain power and ascency and throttle the liberties of the free people of this free country. We have been on the firing line in this great movement for twenty-eight year, and modestly claim to know something of the enemy by this time. And, while contending against the common enemy without, we shall warn and plead against his efforts to bring about internicine dissensions, realizing that it is the water that gets inside a boat that sinks it-not that on the outside.
We shall demand that the democratic party in Florida be returned to the people of the state by those who traduced it to undemocratic schemes in 1916, and that this return of the machinery of the party of the people to the people be accomplished without unreasonable delay.
We shall stand by the state administration, and be open and above-board both with the administration. and its critics and enemies. We have confidence in the sincerity and intgrity of the gvro,: and we believe that in a few months his fairness aind ,ability wil impress the entire state quita fh',,veabty. We know that with so many political and journalistic soreheads, almost any act of the governor is to be unreasonably criticised andhis motives questioned by those some of Whom did all that could be considered fair or foul to keep him out of the governor's mansion.
Our Jacksonville contributor in another column may rest assured that the Free Press is none the less committed to the principles that triumphed in the eletions last June and November.
HEEi uhbeing said about the removal
ilL f crtan oficils ver the state by the govWernor, and much of the press of the state
is arrayed against the administration at Talahassee. On this account it is possible thit wellmeaning people may be led to believe that the governor makes these removals without just cause.
Without consulting Governor Catts at all, and therefore subject to his approval, we make the following suggestion to Johnson, Howell et als: Let the Iaccused officer, either before or after removal, no matter which, sign an agreement by which he consents for the Free Press to publish the record or showing upon which the governor bases his action or at least those parts that are most conclusive. If the accused and the governor will consent to this, then the Free Press will print it and the people may judge whether there was sufficient ground for removal or not. To our mind this is a fair proposition; and if an accused official considers himself wronged, let the people know what led to the infliction of that so-called injury.
We are sending marked copies of this issue of the Free Press to as many of the decapitated officials as we can locate, and will be delighted to hear from them.
The Leesburg Commercial's subscription price is $2.00 year, and it's worth more. Any live local paper is worth $10.00 a year to anybody's home, and $1.50 to $2.00 is cheap enough.
Talking about doing away with county commissioners: the worst objector will be the tadpole politicians and the pee-wee country editors who still want to be able to remind county commissioners that their efforts elected them and that therefore they nM pay them back: just Listen for it.
MAY BE A GOOD PROPOSITION
EPRESENTATIVE Amos Lewis of Marianna proposes to do away with county commissioners entirely.
He is working on a joint resolution which he
will ask the '17 legislature to adopt, submitting to the people a constitutional amendment that will abolish all the boards of county commissioners and school boards. It will provide that all of the business now transacted by these two boards be attended to by boards that will consist of the various' county officials, assisted by the county attorneys, the latter being a member of the county boards, just as the attorney-general is a member of the various state boards. The sheriff, having s- many bills that need approving, would probably not be a member of the county board, but the clerk of court, tax assessor and collector, county judge, registration officer and school superintendent would be.
It may not be generally known to'those who do
not read extensively from other counties, but there has for some time been a growing sentiment in favor of doing away with all county commissioners. And this is on general principles, without any reference to any commissioners in any county.
Of course the cost of such an administration is one great argument. But another, and one of the strongest, is that county commissioners are in a majority of cases elected as a .stroke of political pull, regerdless of all else. There is entirely too much "ring politics" in putting in county commissioners in nearly every county in the state.
There is merit in the bill proposed by Mr. Lewis.
To our mind the only correct solution of the county road problem is to employ a thoroughly competent road supersivor and put him in charge of all the roads in the county, and keep him busy all the time. We are almost sure that some counties will never have much better roads until this is done. And this is no reflection on the old board or.the new: it is the fault of the system alone. There has been considerable comment about some commissioners letting county mules out for their-feed, some going far enough to say they thought they would try to get one to run a'dray: but such a condition is the fault of the unbusinesslike system, and not of the men who, by the votes of the people, are compelled to work under that system. The fact that one board leaves no funds in the treasury for the next board is another weakness of the system. Another defect in the system is in the fact that it is so often charged-and often true-that a commissioner will do most for the roads where most of his votes are.
And in this connection it may be well to 'remark that we believe all the main through highways should be under the jurisdiction of the state road department, and not the counties; and that would leave the counties free to look after roads of less importance. This, also, will come eventually-it has already come in a number of states. There is every argument in favor of this proposition; and if there is one against it we have yet to run across it.
SILLY BIUE LAWS IN MIAMI
3WNROM the Miami Hcrad we learn of an or% dinance now before the city council of Miami that sets the Puritan blue laws in the shade and rivals the Spanish Inquisition. -In fact, any one who is at all informed along these lines can see in this ordinance the same "fine Italian hand" thatfostered the bloody inquisition and would plant it in America today if it only had the power: and sometimes we conclude that it thinks it almost has the power.
The passing of such a- silly ordinance is a serious reflection on Miami, and if the men who pass such fool ordinances as the one in question are the men that make Miami, then we are glad they didn't make the town we live in.
Just to let sane, sensible, common, honest people know how big fools men in authority can make of themselves, we give the following from the Herald's account, our only comment being that such an ordinance would not stand :In any court in the world not presided over by a crazy Papist:
At the request of a thousand petitioners, tour-ists and residents, backed up by the eloquence of Mitchell D. Price, of Price & Eyles, attorneys for petitioners, city council last night placed on the first and second readlings an ordinance making it punishable to publicly vilify citizens and visitors in their religious beliefs by imputing to them a want of patriotism, honesty or morality.
The petitioners declared in their preamble that they wished to "Protest against professional agitators being permitted publicly -to vilify some of our most respected citizens and visitors in their religious or other private beliefs by imputing to them a lack of patriotism, dishonesty and gross immorality in language calculated to produce a disturbance of the peace." The petitioners further declared that "No one appreciates more than wedo the constitutional guarantee of freedom of speech, but when professional agitators invade our city to stir up strife and discord among citizens and visitors, we feel called upon as parties profoundly interested in preserving harmony and good feeling among different religious bodies in our city, to pu on record our condemnation of such a course, which is not liberty of* speech but the worst abuse that could be made of it."
The ordinance is entitled:
"An ordinance to prohibit the making and delivery of any public speech, oration or declaration to any audience assembled in any public place in the city of Miami, containing any inflammatory, derogatory or defamatory utterances, expressions or declarations directed to or about any religious sect, church, organization or denomination, charging said religious sect, church, denomination or organization, or any of its members, followers or believers, as such, with lack of patriotism, honesty or morality, or containing opprobious and derogatory insinuations or epithets referring to such religious sect, denomination, church or organization, or any of its members on account of their connection therewith that would be calculated to incite the anger of the members of such religious sect, church, denomination or organizatron or that wouldbe caftulaed ,o provoke, a
ABOUT THE EDITOR
ANY of our readers who know J. L. Bowles
of Jacksonville, or know who he is, do not know who the editor is. To all such we
merely let Mr. Bowles speak in the following voluntary signed statement; and having known the attitude and activity and effective work of Mr.
Bowles along patriotic lines so long, his words are
the more appreciated:
March 19, 1917.
To Whom It May Concern:
I take great pleasure in stating that I have
known Mr. A. B. Cargile for the last twenty-seven or -eight years. I have found him a high-toned, honorable gentleman and patriotic to the very highest point. I have seen him where it took a real man to stand the fire, and never knew him to
J. L. BOWLES.
WHEN Romanists declare universal war on
the public schools, and when they allow a high authority among them to go on record as saying that "the public schools have produced nothing but a godless generation of thieves and black-guards," it seems paradoxical that they should want 250 of those thievess and blackguards" in the Jacksonville public schools to sing at a big Catholic blow-out in the Catholic club.
Is the reader surprised? We are not: we know "Papa."' He finds out that he can't bluff you, then he'll blindfold you. That's his game. That's what he was up to in that episode mentioned on another page from Jacksonville, and that's why the children were not allowed to know from the start where they would render the production they were practicing.
It is hard for children of Protestant parents, who are told that because their parents were not married by a priest they are not married at all, and that all children born to them are bastardsit is too much to ask them to lend glory to the source of -their condemnation Ind defamation.
All praise to the patriotic children of Jacksonville who knew what to do, and were not afraid to do it! The editor of the Free Press hopes to some day shake hands with every one of them. These brave young people should be given a great public reception, and we would be delighted to attend.
WOULD LEGALIZE EXCHANGES OF SPACE FOR RAILROAD MILEAGE
BILL has been introduced in the Wisconsin
assembly by D. S. Burnett of Marathor.
county providing for the creation of a statute to permit reciprocal advertising contracts between newspapers and intrastate railroads. It reads:
"Any railroad company in this state may exchange for advertising in any daily or weekly newspaper published in this state, or as payment of a contract therefor, tickets or mileage books entitling the editor of such newspaper and members of his family dependent upon him, if he does not hold a public office of trust or profit, to transportation over the lines of such railroad company between points wholly within this state for a distance of not more than 2.500 miles in the aggregate in any one year."
The bill is supported by many of Wisconsin's leading newspaper men. B. E. Walters, secretary of the Central Wisconsin Press association, has sent out circulars in which he expresses belief that the measure can be passed if members of the legislature have the matter put to them in the right light and are made to understand that the publishers are not asking for passes.
Just why any legislator can object to such a bill is a mystery. Georgia has such a law, and it works well. It may be that the trouble is that some legislators have never had pointed out to them the difference between a mileage "contract and a pass.
A law along this line in Florida would enable live-wire publishers to do more publicity and development work and the railroads to keep in closer touch with the people.
After all, we don't believe a staute forbidding such an exchange would be constitutional, for it would impair the right to make contracts: and the mileage-exchange proposition is a business contract, pure and simple.
Who is the Florida lawmaker that will take the lead in a movement that will leave the newspapers free to do business on contract basis, along with other lines ?
POOR FIGHTING TACTICS
HE Mayo Free Pres is in bad. It is contending against any effort to legalize the liquor traffic in Lafayette county, since a movement has been started to have a "wet or dry" election in that county. On the same editorial page it jumps on Governor Catts and his administration, which is strongly committed to the cause of prohibition. Every time the Mayo paper hits Governor Catts it is weakening its own argument against liquor and lessening its prospect of carrying Lafayette county dry. Just how a paper-or an individual-can preach prohibition in one breath, and in the next champion the cause of a booze-fighter, who was removed from office for drunkenness, is a puzzle. And another matter hard to understand is that a paper in Lafayette county should plead for a deposed booze-fighter in Hamilton county. As all these papers are largely of county circulation, why, not leave the noble task of rubbing the booze labels off of Bartow Johnson to the Jasper News and the Hamilton Banner?
If the Mayo paper goes on carrying a booze fight on one arm and a prohibition fight for its county on the other, one is sure to lose to the other and both may fail as a result of this unholy combination.
breach of the peace; and to provide a penalty for the violation thereof."
We merely want to add that if it is ever our privilege to speak in Miami we hope every dignatary of the city government will be there, for we shall surely violate the silly provisions of that un-American and cowardly ordinance. Nobody but a moral coward would vote for such an ordi-
LAND VALUES AND YIELDS ARE
INCREASED THROUGH EXTENSION WORK
For every dollar spent in cooperative demonstration work in Florida by the State and Federal governments thru the University of Florida extension division, the farms and farmers are twenty-five dollars better off.
Which is a remarkable return on the investment. The returns are made in the form of increased farm' values, increased crop production, and increased herds of improved livestock Part of the return is in cash; the rest of it is in the farm itself or its equipment.
You don't generally like figures, but
you will like these. Here are a few of the items that go to make up the
Thru following the demonstration
methods, the corn crop was increased.
That increase, figured at 90 cents a bushel, was $51,572. The increase in silage at $4 a ton was $14,464. The increase in hay at $20 a ton was $10,320. The increase in oats at 70 cents a bushel was $20,837. Going on thru the list you will find cowpeas and velvet beans netting an increase of $52,350. Irish potatoes show an increased production amounting to more than a thousand dollars, and sweet potatoes, an increase of nearly six thousand dollars.
Thru demonstration methods used in handling livestock, the total return was $492,710. Which includes the value of new stock and the value of those saved from death by disease. The increased value of the farms brought about thru improvements such as stumping, and the building of silos and dipping vats amounts to $130,000. The value of fertilizers and manures bought or zaved amounts to more than on and a half million dollars.
Then here are the results that cannot be measured in dollars. Farmers have been shown how to get increased returns and by following the demonstration methods yea" after year will be compounding the interest. on this year's investment. Boys and girls have been shown how to raise better corn and pigs and to.can, or otherwise save, the surplus products of the farm gardens. Farmers are choosing better seed for planting and better breeding stock as a basis for their livestock herds. They are planting new crops and handling old ones in'new and more' profitable ways .And all of this was brought about thru the efforts of the workers in the extension division.
The best evidence of the popularity of demonstration work in Florida is seen in the increased appropriations from local sources for its support. The Federal government gives about onehalf of the money that is available for the work. The rest of it scores from, the State and the cuties having agents. The returns go t0 the State generally, but to the counties with agents in particular.
THE MAJOR'S SWORD
AND LITTLE DIXIE
Another luci interval developed for some unknown resn in the "powers" that trp to guide that unsavory little sheet which calls itsef Dixi with a slogan "If it's right we ar for it;" and durig that lucid interval it advises every one not to fear Major Mackey's sword. It also says How long will this sort of thing last?"
Now, little sheet, the major says it will last for a long time, as it is good steel, highly engrae-ihsolid coin
Silver hilt-and last but not least a present from Scottish Rite Masons, who also are true as steel and as solid as coin silver, and they have engraved in them real, true friendship.
So don't worry about how long it will last; but to relieve your system of any doubt will say long after the. couple hundred subscribers you have on your list have quit and that sheet with its slogan has gone to that bourne from which no traveler returns, the Major's sword will still be on the job helping to make good Governors. N. B.-SILENCE IS GOLDEN, but the Major feels this advice falls on barren soil.
TENNESSEE GOVERNOR VETOES "BUCKET SHOP" BILL
Nashville, Tenn., Special.-Governor Rye has vetoed the bill knows as the cotton futures or bucket shop act, which legalizes trading in futures, takes such business out of its present legal classification as gambling, and give brokers and exchanges full protection in the collection of debts from customers.
Governor Rye said he thought it inadvisable to legalize trading in futures and objected especially to abolishing the right of wives to recover sums lost by their husbands in bucket shop spt ulatiou,
THE FREE PRESS, TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1917
OVERHEARD IN JACKSONVILLE A t
THE FLORIDA PREE PRESS
Since the latest reorganization of
The Free Press, involving the removal of the management and printing of the paper to the friendly neighboring soil of Lake City, Fla., the people of Jacksonville who brought out the paper over a year ago feel that their efforts have merged with a larger undertaking destined to immortalize to some extent the life and achievements of the organ of public expression in
Florida that would not be downed.
Some people in Jacksonville have
suggested that the name of the paper be changed to read "THE FLORIDA FREE PRESS," as the scope of the paper is clearly statewide. They feel and declare that in sending the paper to Lake City they are conferring an honor on that center of culture and patriotism, and at the same time having achieved an honor in having produced a paper commanding the powers of such gentlemen as Mr. Hodges and
At the same time, there are others
in Jacksonville who are human to the extent of looking with a degree of misgiving upon this change of habitation and possibly of name. They do not attempt to conceal the sentiment that whereas the paper once served as an unlimited medium of expression of' both sides of every question, whenever contributions were offered and kept within bounds, they now apprehend that policy of the paper is to change and that in favor of more partizanship-they fear a factional leaning from this on. We give this as a matter of news only. It must have a significance.
In view of the foregoing facts, your
correspondent willsend in all news of whatever character, from either or both sides of every question. Understanding that The Free Press will hardly be less friendly to the Administration than it was to Governor Catts during the campaign, and considering that victory was so pronounced, all discerning observers of this history in the making will no doubt find in the columns of The Free Press, and especially in the Jacksonville Items, a liberal expression of both sides of every
question, as reflected in the news.
The Mills of the Gods at Work
For the first month of the Catts
regime, no perceptible change was apparent from Jacksonville or Duval county. During the second month, the big machinery of, administration' got under way-the rumbling of rusty wheels throwing off the dust and grime of inactivity gave place to the hum of an oiling up and a speeding up.
Then the sheaves of routine began faIling into the teeth of the cylinders as it were and the Mills of the Gods of Destiny began slowly to grind "exceeding fine." Tremors ensued in many quarters. As one by one the promises of the Administration began making good, chagrin darkened many a face-the pallor of panic f ppeared in others-but such panics represented no business injury though some men had to get other jobs. The situation is tense just now in Duval county from expectancy both ways-but that whaeaGovernor in Tallahssee no oecan deny--leat of althose
rqiiga Governor and nothing less to make them situp an tk notice.
~The First Head to Fall Charlie Jones was having his regu lrsamiDii.He was roasting saloons, clb~gmln eltecustom of escorting grs to hotels and
igdikadsay:ng to the, Governor, "what ar you gon odoabout
it-wat are ye afai of? "-when,
bam as the sailor said,, something, i: fell beore Cholhie paused for reply. The Hodges investigation having been" a atrof report for diue time, and
the Gvrnor having considered what
he was going to do about it, he suddenly answered Jones and Dixie by removing "Lonnie" Howell from office and appointing Fred W. Butler, subject to approval of the Senate. Howell's friends say that he is being made a scape goat and others insist that Dowling must go if Howell is to suffer. Criticisms are offered to he effect that Governor Catts should have confined himself to conduct of officers since beginning of this administration. Others allege that Jacksonvile intrigues of the past have been transferred alive to. Tallahassee; threats to make an issue of these in the State Senate and investigate the campaign are rife. Even Mr. Farris declared that he found it to be a fact that the Senate is naturally favorable to the Governor but is likely to make an issue of certain incumbents in office and demand that they be eliminated from intervention in these matters before a favorable attitude from the Senate to the Governor can be established.
Seams Opening Up
It is understood that a division has appeared between the Board of Bond Trustees and the'Board of County Commissioners. The breach is said to be serious and unhealing. A disgraceful manifestation was exhibited by an 44tempt ou the 'part of Bostwick et al
to hold the Armory as a hostage for the collection of certain disputed accounts for light and water. The County Commissioners refused to pay and the lights were actually turned off from the Armory. The Adjutant General being notified, came over and adjusted the matter to the extent of guaranteeing the current bills and for the future, whereupon the Bond Trustees are sueing the County Commissioners for the amount of the disputed accounts. Much unfavorable comment is passing back and forth expressing dissatisfaction with the whole plan of the Jacksonville City Government in the matter of the powers and doings of the Board of Bond Trustees. The trend of public opinion is moving toward a climax that is expected to de-. mand a new Charter for Jacksonville that will 'abolish the Bond Trustees and afford a plan that will work in 'the. hands of the common people. The Petition Circulated By Mr. Farris More than 20% of the tax payers having signed a petition circulated by Senator Farr'is asking the Governor to order an audit or investigation of the accounts and acts of the Jacksonville City Government, it is expected that the contemplated probe will soon take place. Some extravagant predictions of a hundred-thousand-dollar audit are scoffed at by those claiming to know conditions, and these people declare that the prosposed undertaking is not to do the work all over again, but to make the Bond Trustees show and disgorge all reservations of facts and procedures of interest to the public and the tax payers. Keen observers declare that the present unrest is mild to compare with the storms soon to break over Duval County and Jacksonville, when the misdeeds of political tricksters, grafters and favorites are shortly to be exposed, the guilty punished and the community freedfrom the despotic exploit that has squandered millions in vain.
. Rotten Committees
Evidences of inefficiency in the city election machinery appeared during the last two city primaries in Jacksonville. The election clerks and inspectors of both of these- primaries had not been paid a cent for their services up to the mailing of this. The committee is understood to have instructed "Mr. Foster," acity employee who is treasurer of the Central Democratic Committee, to deposit the funds assessed from the candidates for the elections in Bostwisk's Bank-the Guaranty Trust and Savings Bank. Mr. Foster, according to the other committeeman, disobeyed in this, aild deposited the funds with the First Germania Savings Bank, thus favoring his friend, Mr. Herrin. The deliberate closure of that bank by Herrin is a matter of recent notorious history and now, the committee blows about what ought to be done to this or that person but does nothing to pay these inspectors, some of whom are getting impatient and angry. On the night of the last primary a near mutiny was up in the Fourth Ward because of this mess.
"Ask Mr. Foster, h e probably knows," is all they can get out t e committee "Scavengers may have
meiand Merritt may have his scarengrsip(or wagon) but not a man on that committee is fit to serve anothr dy."This was the conclusion of.on of the clerks, while others excoriated Foster and above all, Herrin himself for their conduct.. Reference was made to the fact that i Japan, a
bakrdoing as Herrin ha done is given the choice of killing himself or
bigkilled. "Heathen.!' said someone. "Yes, but better heathen than Iern Rce, Harrison and Madagascar Johnson will ever be!" replied the
spae.It is predicted that a law wil son isueto make .such pilfering crininal stealing, in which case that quate igh now be less insolent of demeanor
The Public -Schools Again
There is a persistent conviction in the minds of many that our public schools offer a constant temptation to Roman Catholic influences to utilize the educational system of the State for the purpose of the Church government of Rome. Though each recurrence of this controversy arouses protest from those who are disturbed by it, certain unfortunate facts come up frequently to-ksep alive the differences of opinion. Protestant believers in an independent public school system object strenuously to anything that will tend to form a part of an insidious Roman Catholic influence- over the children of Protestant Americans. A striking case is now up with reference to a certain musical recital which used the public school children for material in the chorus and sought to force Protestant children, on pain of discipline, not only to train in the public schools for part in the recital, but to finally sing in THE CATHOLIC CLUB, which, by the way, isregarded as a Roman Catholic institution posing as a Universal Catholic club in an apostolic sense, and is said to be the Roman Catholic answer to the Y. M. C. A. It might be properly considered so, is the alle~gation 'bfm4AY.,
A Case in Point '
It seems that this stealthy preparation of Protestant children for utilization as a part of Roman Catholic demonstrations was attempted by training the children for some future occasion the particulars of which were withheld from the children. When it became known that it was to be in the Catholic Club, a number of the children openly refused to participate. For this they were as stealthily punished as is shown by the following statement: Statement made by Hansel Fletcher,
11 years old, Palmetto street. March 10th, 1917. East Jacksonville School, Mrs. Richardson, Prin., Miss Thale, Teacher, High 5th Grade: "Been practicing for entertainment for about two weeks. Place where entertainment to be held, unknown to pupils until Thursday, 8th day* of March, when they were advised by Mrs. Richardson that it would be at the Catholic Club."
Hansel Fletcher immediately on learning this told. his teacher that he would not practice further for an entertainment in this Building (Catholic Club). He. was followed by the following named boys, viz: Lester Hetherington, Clifton'Horton, Frank Stewart, Edward Moore, Burnett Guy, Dillon Carlton, and a little girl, Dorothy Lamb. The son of Frank Brown, Clerk of Circuit Court Roberts and one of Geo. V. Salzer's, Billie continued in the exeercise.
Neither the Principal or Teacher said anything to those refusing to practice only after the exercise was finished at 12:30 p. m. the one's taking part were dismissed while those refusing were sent to the Fourth Grade room taught by Miss Hunter where they were required to stay until 1:30 p. im., except Dorothy Lamb, the !itle girl and one of the boys, Frank Stewart, whom she (Mrs. Richardson) sent up town on an errand. The teacher, Miss Thale, left the room at 12:30 p. m., so far the pupils know.
The result of this was that a large committee of parents and friends published in The Florida Metropolis, the following protest: Protest Against the Attendance of
School Children at Musicale
"We -the undersigned wish to voice our disapproval of our public school children attending the musical recital in the Catholic Club Friday afternoon, March 9, arranged by the Ladies' Friday Musical. We believe that no patriotic parents should allow their children to attend entertainments not in keeping with Protestantism."
H. L. Simpson, R. B. Haines, Mrs. R. B. Haines, W. G. Bowden, E. E. Rolfe, F. Pullen, Lizzie Aspenwald, E. L. Sanders, Mrs. L. L. Lucas, Mrs. G. W. Keepe, Mrs. T. M. Lipscomb, E. L. Barton, M. B. Lipscomb, Mary B. Martin, R. M. Rogers, Margaret Schott, Mattie Connell, Franklin, Williams, L. A. Ellis, Mrs. E. I. Pratt, Mrs. C. M. Phillips, T. F. Williams, Mrs. T. S. Williams, Mrs. B. B. Dodd, Bert Bruce Dodd, Bruce Dodd, J. W. Powell, Mrs. T. D. Black, T. D., Black, Ralph H. Roberts, J. H. Rosencrans, Nina M. Hatcher, T. L. Blitch, S. M. Martin, C. G, Sevill, A. M. Beevin, G. W. H.i Keefe, I. E. Beatty, Mrs. I. E. Beatty, Mrs. S. M. Blitch, Mrs. S. I. Har-i per, 0. Grother, J. W. McGhee Whit-' tier, W. A. Albury, W. H. Cox, T. M. Lipscomb, Mrs. T. M. Hightower, G. M. Hightower, R. B. Rogero, R. L. Proctor, J, C. Privett, Ida H. Rogero, Mrs. E, 0. Williams, Mrs. A. B. Gore,i J. J. Mershon, Oscar Rector, Cooper, Mrs. Lila Soderberg', Mrs. L. Farree, Mrs. H. J. Ewing, John H. Mackey, Leroy Way, Mrs. 3. F. McClellan, H. J, King, H. 3. Ewing, Geo. H. Harper, Mrs. E, A. Tobias, Harry Planner, Mrs. 3. P. Moore, E. F. Kitcher, 3. S. Ollsen, Mrs. E. C. Lowe, Mrs. W. B. Burpee, Irs. V. Forbett, Frank Webb, Jas. P. Leonard, Mrs. B.' F. Shake, Bess A. Deweese, Mrs. John H. Mackey, Mrs. Louis Richardson, Leroy
Richardson, Mrs. S. M. McGill, Mrs. R. S. Mackey, Mrs. Floyd Loftin, R. M. Westerfield, R. S. Edwards, H. D. McCoy, Martha A. McCoy, J. L. Richardson, Mrs. E. L. Holley, Mrs. G. L. Phillips, Mrs. J. C. Herndon, Mrs. M. H, McCrighty, Mrs. L. L. L. Simpson, Gifford Garnett, N. H. Fender, Mrs. M. P. Bennett, MIWs. E. Barnett, Mrs. Nettie Daniel, Mrs. Mrs. L. A. Herndon, E. R. Harper, Anna M. Williams, Mrs. W. H. MillerWm. H. Miller, T. L. Christie, D. E. Griffin, Al Youmans, Thomas Lester; Mrs. N. H. Fender, W. E. Baker, Mrs. J. F. Mahone, Mrs. W. E. Baker, J. Mahone, Mrs. S. A. White, Mrs. D. A. Elsenheimer, Mrs. Joe Elsenheimer, Mrs. Joe Elsenheimer, Mrs. V. Elsenheimer, Mrs. J. C. Smith, Mrs. A. H. Hunt, Mrs. Charlie Elsenheimer, H. H. Hollaway, Mrs. E. L. Sharp, Charlie Elsenheimer, W. L. Brudger, W. G. Higginbotham, A. H. Hunt, Mrs. H.H. Hollaway, Mrs. Jas. Booth, James T. Booth, Mrs. H. L. Saucer, Mrs. T. K. Willbeit, Mrs. J. B. Kaneaster, J. B. Kaneaster, Mrs. Maybell Broward, J. S. Ginger, Sam B. Wilson, G. L. Durants, Miss Maggie Geiger, A. Phillips, K. R. Williams, Mrs. T. A. Murray, C. Davis, G. R. Brandies, Mrs. G. R. Brandies, J. C. Clerke, Mrs. J. C. Care, Mrs. A. Heatherinton, W. A.
Ford, Mrs. W. A. Ford, Mrs. L. V.
Trowbridge, -L. V. Trowbridge, R. J.
LaCoster, Billy Parker, Mrs. Billy Parker, Mrs. W. C. Krell, C. E. Fisher, Mrs. A. 0. Weeks, Mrs. S. E. Russell, Mrs. D. E. Russell, Mrs Minnie Dowling, Mrs. Walker, Mrs. Leah Williams, Mrs. Spear, Mrs. A. L. Armstrong, Mrs. J. T. Butler, Mrs. S. J. King, Mrs.
S. J. King, Mrs. G. A. Rushing, Mrs. J.
F. Murphy, Mrs. W. N. Barnes, Mrs. J. D. Brinson, Mrs. E. L.Ph illips, Mrs. M. Broward,Mr s. R. E. Williams, Mrs. J. W. Horton and Mrs. A. L. King.
Which was followed by the news that the thing had been "pulled off:"
SCHOOL CHILDREN SANG
FOR FRIDAY MUSICAL
Music Lovers Enjoy Open Meeting and Program Directed by Miss
A song recital was given yesterday afternoon in the auditorium of the Catholic Cl.b by the Ladies' Friday Musicale, in which 250 pupils of the public schools participated, ably directed by Miss Lottie E. Reeves, supervisor of music in the public schools. The great success of the course of
music taught in the schools by Miss Reeves was demonstrated by the children yesterday. The Friday.Musicale has been very active in assisting to give musical instruction in the schools.' Thd recital was largely attended and enjoyed
And accompanied by the following profession of Holy Innocence and devout belief that all these parents and friends had been fooled and must be fools:
"Believes Signers to the Protest Were Misinformed."
The members of the Ladies' Friday Musicale were much surprised at the article which appeared in last'night's Metropolis protesting against the singing of the public school children in the auditorium of the Catholic Club, which is used by the Friday Musicale for weekly meetings.
The ailitorium of the Catholic Club is a public hall, conveniently located and othewise well suited for the meetings of this organization and is leased in semi-annual terms.
The signers of this protest were evidently misinformed as to the nature of the Musicale. It is a non-sectarian, musical organization of about two hundred and thirty members. The membership consists of -ladies of all church denominations; with probably a half dozen members belonging to the Catholic Church.
The object of the organization, as stated in its by-laws, is to 'advance the interest and promote the culture of musical art in the city of Jacksonville, and it will continue to encourage the children of the public schools in the study of music.
PRESIDENT LADIES' FRIDAY IMUSICALE.
And the parents and friends aforesaid challenge the Catholic Club to show down and truly say:
1. Who promoted the Catholic Club and what was his or her professed or preferred religion, if not Roman Catholic ? tt
2. Who are the officers in the socalled Catholic Club, and are any of these, or all of them Roman Catholic or Knights of Columbus ?
3. What business have any of these church clubs to seek to utilize the public schools as a part of their training agencies for demonstrations under the auspices of societies likely to provoke anew the delicate questions of the identity and purposes of the Roman Catholic Church, always in questio, ever in bad with the liberal people of America, always professing.o be misunderstood, abused, and deprived of its rights ?
4. Why should the Catholic Club ask for privileges over the public schools that no Protestant organization dares
ask for-what outfit other than Roman Catholic interests ever have asked for these privileges, or taken such liberties ?
5. Who dares undertake to surrep-' titiously punish and intimidate children in our public schools, save Roman Catholic meddlers, either through their own membership holding jobs as teachers or through those who fear or fawn before Papist influences?
6. What person, in the name of Catholic Club or Policeman's Club dares object to Protestant American boys and girls refusing to obey instructions as those of the foregoing report?
These and other questions are freely asked on the streets of Jacksonville today and 'opinions .sre evxpressed that Governor Catts should call a halt on this thing at once, the opinions further intimating that our high school buildings afford ample hall room for all celebrations enlisting recitals by school children and the Catholic Club is out of order by trying to conscript school children for the manufacture of evidence to clear Popery of certain past suspicions of impropriety.
"Who's Your God-Mother?"
As u final proof of the frequent
provocations by Papists which result in and some think, well justify all asperity thus far manifested toward these nominal Catholic but really veiled Roman Catholic influences, your correspondent is asked to publish the following graphic letter from a little, innocent school girl, named Ruth
League, which speaks for itself:
Teacher of Low First Grade of
Second Ward School, Miss Ruth Gocier, has asked us children one by one if we had a God-mother and if so who were they, and what church did we go to and what church' did our father and mother belong to.
The signers of the aforesaid petition object strenuously to this sort of veiled inquisition, and it would seem' that examples of this kind bring out all forms of suspicion, criticism and disapproval upon the heads of insatiable zealots of Roman Catholic faith who are entrusted with jobs as public school teachers drawing sustenance from our taxes yet undertaking to proselyte and lead free children into institutions of pro-papist faith thru recitals, associations, intimidations and deceptive leadership. There is not space enough to publish such news of this class as is proffered and the foregoing samples are herewith given to show the public some of the reasons for these public agitations that will neither be cried down, put down nor coaxed into silence.
RADICAL TAX REFORM IN NORTH DAKOTA
The passage. by the State Senate of North Dakota ofa bill to exempt from taxation improvements on farm lands is of more than local importance. That the bill will pass the House also and become a law seems assured, since the Farmers Non-partisan League has endorsed the principle embodied in the measure, and Governor Lynn Frazier is a member of the' League, which controls the House.
The enactment of this law will put an end to much of the silly talk that farmers are opposed to such legislation. Farmers are as able to see, as others are, that taxation of labor products is an injustice to both laborer and consumer. They can furthermore see that taxation of land values does not hurt the one who puts land to its best use, whatever it may do to the land speculator. It is to the interest of farmers,'as it is to all others who make productive use of land, that land prices should not be inflated and thus put land beyond the reach of those who want to use it. The more land values are taxed, the less profitable it becomes to hold it out of use, and the easier it gets for willing workers to obtain it for use. On the other hand the more improvements or other labor products are taxed, the more labor is discouraged, and the higher the cost of production rises. Consequently the 'solution of a pressing economic probrem is to be found in exemption of improvements and higher taxation of land values. The North Dakota farmers realize this and are wrting a sound principle into law. .
That the exemption should be limited to farmers is regrettable, but may be explained on the ground thatth city dwellers of North Dakta have not been so quick as the farmer to note the injustice of a ta system that levies a fine on industry. The city dwellers have let themslves be influenced too much by the big daiies controlled by interests which oppose such reforms as the farmers ar now begining to apply.
As soon as the urban dwellers of North Dakoto demand for themselves the tax reform which the farmers are about to get, it will probably be granted.
WILL URGE LEGISLATURE TO
ABOLISH SYSTEM AND ASKS SUPPORT OF CIVIC BODIES OF
The Tallahassee Boosters' Club
has gone on record as being in favor of abolishing Florida's convict lease system and will use all its influence to have the legislature take satisfactory action in the matter at the coming session, so that the state may use its convicts in the construction of good Toads, for the benefit of the people. Secretary Guy W. Livingston, of the Chamber of Commerce; has received a letter from F. R. Phillips, secretary of the Tallahassee club, enclosing a copy of resolutions recently passed by the club in regard to the convict lease system. The resolutions are as follows: "WHEREAS, The building of good roads in Florida shouldbe done as economically as possible inthe matter of labor; and
"WHEREAS, The country at large has come to look upon the convict lease system with abhorrcnce, and this system has been abandoned by all progressive states; and "WHEREAS, If the convicts were put to work on all of the roads of the State of Florida for the next two years many miles of first-class highways would be finished, thus promoting the agricultural and industrial development of this state ii. the best possible manne-. to bring more taxpayers into the state as permanent residents, and the resulting benefits would be valuable, financially and otherwise, and ultimately bring into the state treasury a great deal of money, b)eyond the amount that could be received from the leasing of the cbnvict'to private contractors or confining their labor to the state farm.
Wants Convict Law Changed.
"THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED, That the Tallahassee Boosters' club unanimously endorses the using of all able-bodied municipal, county and state prisoners on the roadsof the state under the direction of the Florida State Road Department, not confining prisoners to the county where sentenced; and be it further
"RESOLVED, That this club will' use its influence with the members of the legislature, to have the present laws relating to the Joasing of convicts so amended that said prisoners shall not be leased to private contractors. And be it further
"RESOLVED, That this club recommends that other commercial clubs in the State of Florida adopt a similar resolutiorn.and exert their influence to have the convict lease system abolished in Florida, for humane and economic reasons; and that the secretary be and is herelb instructed to send printed copies of this resolution to the boars ofcty commisineso each county in Florida, to c.meria clubs, to the members of theb .ad.o state institutions, and n~meso the legiSlature of 1917."
The United States governent is in great needo ehncsadhles and teCivil Sevce commission is advertising extensively and solicitinug the co-operaton of postmasters and other government officials in securing
GOOD ROADS MEETING APR. 11-12
The Florida Good Roads Association will hold its annual meeting in Tallahassee, April 11 and 12. There will be an interesting program, which will include addresses by highway, officials from various parts of the country as, well as from Florida, says Dr. J. R. Benton of the University of Florida college of engineering.
The Florida Good Roads Association is the parent organization of all good roads and hivhwavs associations in Florida. This association is not committed to advance the interests of any one route or highway over those of another, but fosters the improving of highways anywhere in the State as a great civic movement of inestimable benefit to the entire population, but especially to the farmers.
It was thru the efforts of this association that the present State Road Department was founded, and that the State is in position to receive its share of Federal aid for highway building, which amounts to $56,000 the first year and more than $110,000 the next.
Among those who are wanted are machinists, toolmakers, instrument makers, molders, blacksmiths, engineers, inspectors, pattern makers, foremen, electricians, boiler makers, skilled helpers etc.
The prices paid are equal to those paid by the best shops.
No educational examination is required, but applicants will be rated upon the evidence of their experience and physical awlity.
Applicants in hs section should apply for application form to the Board of Examiners at the Ordnance Establishment or Labor Board at the Navy Yard at which employment is desired, or to the Civil service commission, Washington, D. C., or to the Secretary of the Civil Service Board at Atlanta, Ga.
In the event of war with Germany men of the above professions will be greatly in demand, and it is probable that anticipation of war is spurring the government to greater activity in getting all its plants thoroughly manned.
To Kill Rats and Nlce
bb1 ALWAYS USE
S. Govemment Buys It
= ~ill I1I1 M
- .. THE FREE PRESS, TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1917
T heGreat Secret
Novelized From the Metro Wonderplay Serial of the Same Name, in Which Franois X. Bushman and Beverly Bayne Are Co-Stars.
BY J. M. LOUGHBOROUGH..
Akthor of the Novelization of Clyde IFitch's play, "Her Sister," "His Backd'or Romance." and other short stories.
N[ SECRET SEVEN.
"Good morning, Jane. How is the
Jane Warren, the middle aged, carewornhousekeeper for Multimillionaire Thomas Clarke, trembled at the question. Giving way to a sudden burst of emotion, she clinched her fists and glared reproachfully at Dr. Zulph.
'"You ought to know. You are the physician," she exclaimed.
"Come, come," said Zulph, gazing coldly yet earnestly at her with his fishy eyes, "no anger. I know how to
of life and is a smug. respected citizen in another. She thought of going to the police and exposing him. It she did he would only bring about her undoing, for Zulph had it in his power to blast her whole life And she had tried to live down what she had done years ago. Well, she was weak. She knew it. She took the will to ailing Thomas Clarke.
"A pen and ink," he said when he saw it. "Quick! My heart-I do not believe I will live much longer. Call Frederick!" Jane summoned FrederIck, the butler, and then delivered the pen and ink. As she reached the door of the room she turned and saw Clarke writing. He was signing the will. She hurried to the telephone.
Zulph at a meeting of the most rascally band of brainy criminals the world ever saw received her message and smilingly delivered it to The Great Master. This individual, keen eyed, alert, well groomed, bore all the out*ward marks of a prosperous business man. For years he had directed the operations of The Secret Seven, a band that garnered gold from every avenue
A SHOVEL AGAINST A PISTOL.
cure such a symptom in you, my good woman. Understand right now that you must obey my orders implicitly. If you do not""You will expose something in my life I have been trying to hide," Interrupted Jane in a weary, faraway
tone-"you and your Great, Master and your Secret Seven." Zulph recoiled in amazement. "The less you say about the Great Master and The Secret Seven the better off you will be," he thundered. "Why shouldn't 1 speak of them to you?" replied Ja-ne. "Haven't I been in Mr. Clayke's home for years? Haven't I seen you and the other vile members of your organization come and go? Don't I know that Mr. Clarke i one of the brainiest of The Secret Seven; that most of his money was piled up through crime""Ah," broke 4- Dr. Zulph, smiling outwardly, but raging inwardly, and resov t Jane Warren should follow Clarke on a journey to eternity. "You know Clarke for what he really Is. He is now a very sick man."
"Yes," said Jane, "he is a sick man, and you are a physician attending him. Heaven help Thomas Clarke :"
"And heaven help Jane Warren," whispered Zulph, his face close to hers. "Heaven help Jane Warren if she doesn't do as I say. I have brought a will here with me. I want you to see that Thomas Clarke signs it. Since you know so much about his affairs you probably knw-sick men always tell their troubles-that, by grace of what The Secret Seven has done for him, he has pledged himself to leave all of his wealth to The Secret Seven."
"I do," said Jane. "Better far if he would leave his money to poor Beverly Clarke, his niece, whose fatherhis own brother-he swindled. And the girl is now living in poverty with her mother."
"T'homas Clarke is going to keep his promise," sneered Zulph, fumbling in his pockets and finally drawing forth a small bottle filled with a dark liquid. "Hie will keep his promise-andlhe dies today. Jane, you have one of two things to do-either obey me and you will be rewarded handsomely, or refuse to obey and be punished. Refusal means ruin; obedience means opulence. I want you, as soon as I have departed, to see that Mr. Clarke signs his will. Then offer a toast to his health. "In one of your glasses of wine place two drops from this bottle. One drop produces a prolonged sleep; two drops kill. Let him drink of the glass with two drops in it. I am going to a meet. ing of The Secret Seven. You have my telephone number. As soon as Thomas Clarke has signed the will telephone me. Then when he is deadpoor man-telephone again." Let alone, Jane pondered over her frightful plight. Zuiph was a powerful man in New York. He was of that modern Jekyll and Hyde type that grasps money and crushes all Oliplosition by far means or foul in one lhas
Near Enough Main St
Far Enough from Maim
10 W. Beaver St.
Meantime Frederick, the butler, was
hastening to Beverly Clarke's home on the outskirts of the city with the note that meant millions to her. And trailing the unsuspecting servant was a band of the most villainous thugs in New York. They were led by two gun men who had taken a postgraduate course in the College of Crime and who were familiarly known as The Rat and The Spider. When Frederick entered the Clarke home the two leadera posted their men around it.
"Let's phone the Big Chief," suggested The Rat.
'They did. The Great Master receiv.
ei their message and swore a-loud at
"What was it ?" the physician asked.
"It was a report from The Spider,"
he replied. "You yourself should have put Clarke out of the way. He has sent for Beverly. It is plain .to me that when Jane Warren thought he was signing that will he was writing a note to Beverly Clarke." "What of our two squads?". asked Zulph in alarm.
"They will kidnap the girl," replied the leader, now regaining control of himself and smoothing his closely crop.ped mustache with his long, wiry fingers. "Now let's proceed with the regular reports."
And so while the.reports were being heard William Montgomery Strong. handsome, stylish, wealthy, was drive Ing his tandem on the outskirts of the city straight into one of the greatest secrets of The Secret Seven. Strong was a youth who had lived for innocent pleasure and let the rest of the world take care of itself. On this particular day the sun caressed him from a cloudless sky, and the great out of doors sang nature's sweetest song to him. Straightway he became a child of the singer. Turning the reins over to his flunky, he told him to drive back to tihe club, while lie set out for a cross-country run. Ile had covered half a mile when a flash of something strange caused him to halt abruptly. He saw three men dart from a roadway into a stretch of woods, and he was sure that he glimpsed a woman's skirt between them. Inclination told him to mind his own business, but instinct said that something was wrong. He gazed intently toward the woods, every sense alert, until be heard a muffled cry of distress.
Hie ran toward a ramshackle house In the woows and tried the door. It yielded. He stepped inside to find The Spider, The lat and a third gangster holding Beverly Clarke. Strong felt that he was one good man against three. Out shot his right, and down fell one man. Next The Rat crumpled up under a blow from his left, and he gathered The Spider in his arms and tossed him through a window. Then he turned to the hysterical girl.
treet for Convenience
n Street for Economy
Effective March 1st, 1917, the Jacksonville Ferry and Land Company announces to the public a second reductionin ferry rates, as shown in the schedule below.
It is the desire of the Company to give satisfactory service in every respect, and further reductions will be made just as fast a continued good service and the growth of our business will justify.
Single Trip Round Trip Commutation
Passengers ...................... .05 40 Trips for $1.00
Motorcycles (including rider) ...... .10 .15 20 Trips for $1.00
Horse and Enggy (including driver) .15 .20 50 Trips for $4.25
Single Teams (including driver)... .15 .20 50 Trips for $4.25
Double Teams (including driver)... .20 .25 50 Trips for $5.00
Runabout Autos (including driver). .15 .20 50 Trips for $4.25
Touring Autos (including driver)... .20 .25 50 Trips for $5.00
Auto Trucks (including driver)
Class 1-Up to and including 1 ton .15 .20 50 Trips for $4.25
Class 2-Up to and including 2 tons .20 .25 50 Trips for $5.00
"NO.THAt4KS! A STRAWRIDE ALWAYS SEaEND
ASIL.LY STUNT To ME;
I'D RATHrER TAKE A PLEASANT WALK
THE C-.OUNTRYSIDE To SEE."
A PARTNER IN CRIME
Despite the fact that the cause of Temperance is now "on the victory side," yet there are a few things still happening as the result of drink which serve to 'shock the sensibilities of all right thinking people, and it is well to call attention to- them ?rom tinie to time in the public press. It is to be truly hoped that the time s near at hand when stories like the 'ollowing will not be obtainable from )ersonal experience.
But the chief point in the following story is the fact that it shows that the government is a real partner in the 2rime. From a legal and economical ooint of view that is the greatest ,hing against the whole liquor busiless. And it is because of this and o accentuate that fact that this ,tory is given room in this connec,ion. Read it and then see how roud you are of the nation to which .ou owe your allegiance:
"Crazy drunk," a man in Atlanta r lay or two ago killed his wife's moth r, seriously- wounded his sister, an( killd a greatly beloved preacher who rushed into the house at the sound of the shots and the screams of the man's victims.
"Crazy drunk," the dispatches say, tnd' if he had lived to be sober again dss befuddled brain would have probably been unable to picture the meth"Run!" he urged. "Follow me!" She did. They fled to the woods. In the distance they saw an abandoned barn. They made for it, entered and barred the door. The three kidnapers, now
re.onfretd lv hp ofahnA-
"THS 5Is TH e PROPER SEtaRCSE,
ST MAkEs YOU F -LC.So FIm, I'LL HAVE A 5PL-- DD AAPPEVTrE' AROUND THE, TIME -To DINE "
I I. ~
ods or reasons of his crime. Since he had once been incarcerated in an insane asylum because of booze insanity, it is reasonable to suppose that he would have been sent back to a mad-house as punishment for the double murder. He was "crazy" when he committed the crime just as all men Swho'commit crime under the influence of liquor are "crazy."
"And somewhere is the man who I "made money" out of the liquor he bought. Somewhere there is a man who is manufacturing the stuff that set his brain a-fire. Somewhere there is a family buying the luxuries of life with money that was made from the sale of poison that converts a man into a maniac or a beastial biped, ac-' cording to the way his nerves, and brain are affected by alcohol.
And the "Greatest Nation in the Warld"-these United States of America--is in partnership with the manu- I facturers of liquor. It gives men license,to manufacture and sell stuff that manufactures criminals and carries disease and grief and death into the homes of its people!
'Crazy drunk" by the grace of his government!-Miami Metropolis.
FOUR SAD WORDS
"I USED TO BE"
A good lesson for men, young and old, is in the words-"I used to be."
A million men wil say "I used to be" and tell what they were or what they did in other days. And when the usual "hospitable" question follows, the man who says "I used to be" says also:
e enr y ne, r entire Jau, sur- "A LITTLE WHISKEY, PLEASE." rounded it. Unable to batter their way "I used to be" and "A little whiskey, In, they put dynamite under the structure and scurried for safety. Strong please," are brother and sister. Where saw the smoke from the sputtering you hear one you hear the other. 4 fuse. Lifting the girl in his arms, he And the "I used to be" man, who is swung her through the window, and now the "A little whisky, please," both reached the shelter of a huge tree ina,, i ; every a age, every cnditicn, just as a tremendous explosion took every kind. place. I You will hear one man say, "I used
The gangsters came forward and dug to be the biggest depositor in that through the wreckage, expecting tot find two bodies. Soon. they realized bank," and another will say, "I used that their victim and her rescuer had to make twenty dollars a week." escaped, and they began another hunt They were far apart in their sucthrough the woods. One of them, pis. cess, the man with millions and the tol in hand, ran full upon Strong and man happy because he made twenty the girl. The clubman disarmed him dollars a week. and, seeing the other gangsters ap- BUT THEY ARE CLOSE TOproaching, called to her to flee. As GETHER IN THEIR FAILURE. she ran toward a roadway The Rat HER IN THEIR FAILURE.
scampered after her. "A little whisky, please, said too of"Now." yelled Strong, "it's a bunch ten and drank too often brings togethagainst one! And I've got the drop er men very far apart. on you. What are you going to do I ta o the navy you will
about it?" In the army or the navy you fil
(End Chapter I.) hear it said, "le used to be one of the
best officers." And there again whisky causes the "Used to be."
You will see a man, young and powerful, pointed out as one who USED to be a crack polo player.
The "used to be," so often heard among polo men, is due to the fact that some of the best polo players, as the Englishman truly said, "Did not see the difference between tea and
high halls in the afternoon."
The difference between the tea and "A little whisky, please," is the difference between success and failure in anything.
"He used to be a great ball player."
"He used to have everybody's respect."
"He used to run everything."
It is WHISKEY, the poison destroying will and power, that makes the man who CAN into the man who USED TO BE.
The world is coming to know whiskey for what it really is-a monster that always works for ruin and misery.
Thank God, its doom has been sealed in this nation.
MUCH WORK AHEAD FOR THE LAWMAKERS
(Continued from first page)
the license tax on registered physicians.
Law calling for guaranteed bank deposits.
Law placing all ablebodied convicts at work on public highways and invalids on state prison farm. Law providing for longer school terms. .
Bad check law.
Five Years in Business THE VALET SYSTEM
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