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The free press
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Free press (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Richard Hargrave <1916> ( Editor )
J.B. Hodges <1917> ( President )
A.B. Cargile <1917> ( Editor )
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Published in Jacksonville, FL. by the Free Press Publishing Company, <1916>.; Richard Hargrave, Editor.
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Published in Lake City, FL. by the Index Pub. Co., <1917>.; J.B. Hodges, President and A.B. Carsile, Editor.
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Vol. 1. No. 45.


Flournoy Poun(
In The
In the Supreme Court of Florida, at t
Tallahassee.-State of Florida ex r Rel. Sidney J. Catts, Relator, vs. H. b Clay Crawford, Thom' F. West ir and J. C. Luning, Secretary of State, s Attorney General and State Treas- 1, urer, Respectively, Constituting the t State Canvassing Board for Demo- n cratic primary Election of June 6, ( 1916, Respondents.-Third Motion t to Amend Petition for Alternative s Writ. E
Now comes the relator and further a begs earnestly and sincerely and con- f fidently the further indulgence of the b court, and moves the court for leave a to amend the petition for mandamus o herein filed and after leave of the s court first had and obtained, and when obtained, hereby amends the petition v for the issuance of an alternative writ v of mandamus with the following P amendment which shall read as fol- I lows, to-wit:
Leave the original petition without s change or alteration except as in this V amendment stated.
II. t
Strike out all of the prayer of the t original petition.
Add to Paragraph II at the end of such paragraph, on page 4 of the original petition immediately following the word "~Knott," th following, towit:
That the said State Canvassing Board will not again reassemble and canvass the returns on file with the secretary of state and the governor unless commanded so to do by the order of this court; that when the original returns as canvassed by the State Canvassing Board voluntarily on the 26th of June, 1916, as they were by law required to canvass, as amended by said board pursuant to peremptory writ of mandamus issued by this court September 19, 1916, in a cause 1 wherein W. V. Knott was relator and the State Canvassing Board was respondent, at the meeting of said board September 21, 1916, by which amendment the original majority of 260 of your relator was overcome by a maority of 21 in favor of W. V. Knott, are again canvased taking' into con-

the 21st of September, 1916, not only in connection with the amended returns made by the County Canvassing Board of Alachua county, Florida, which amended returns from said county have been filed pursuant to a peremptory writ of mandamus of the Circuit Court of Alachua county, but also in connection with each and every other amended and corrected return from each and every other county filed since said date with the secretary of state and with the governor and duly cnvassed as required by law, then and in such event, your relato- will have a majority of votes over that of W. V. Knott which majority will be and remain; that thereupon and thereby that is by said canvass herein sought to be made, it will be shown that the relator was duly nominated as the Democratic candidate for the office of governor of the state of Florida at the primary election held June 6, A. D.1916; that the relator is therefore both in law, in equity, justice and good conscience entitled to have the respondents reassemble and proceed publicly to canvass said returns not only from Alachua county as aforesaid, but also from those returns now on file, or which may be on file at the time of the canvass herein prayed for, from each and every other county of Florida, without which the inaccurate, untrue and incomplete canvass heretofore made will go without correction ahd will leave, as it should not be left, the declaration of a majority in favor of W. V. Knott of 21 votes, which majority and the certificate certifying the same is a result arrived at by a tabulation based upon inaccurate, untrue and incomplete returns which have superseded by true, accurate and lawful returns required to be made pursuant to -writs of mandamus issued y courts of competent jurisdiction; that said canvass upon such tabulation and said certificate so announcing a majority of 21 votes in favor of W. V. Knott is therefore inaccurate, untrue and incomplete and should by this court be cancelled in order that the true result of the Democratic primary in so far as it pertains to the office 'of governor may be known by a correct, true and lawful canvass of the said State Canvassing Board; that such reassembling of said State Canvassing Board is not only essential as a matter of public policy in order that the best public good may be conserved, but also that a right to which your relator is entitled may be secured, and that thereby not only peace may be given -to the public, but also satisfaction to both the litigants and the contending factions; that unless such reassembling of said board be required neither of said important results will have been accomplished, and your relator, without which, will suffer an injury for which he has no otheradequate remedy.
That your relator is informed that
on last Saturday the secretary of state, as required by law, mailed to the several Boards of County Commissioners a certificate certifying that

Is Away
Supreme Court
ion, not the true result of the prinary election, as shown by the reurns, but a result arrived at by a ninisterial board by a tabulation based upon inaccurate and untrue and nco.Nplete returns which have been uperseded by accurate, true and awful returns, and therefore such cerificates by the said secretary of state nade to the several boards of County Commissioners should not be allowed to stand and should as speedily as posible by the said State Canvassing Board, upon a canvass of the true, accurate and lawful returns be in effect made nugatory by the issuance by the said secretary of state, after a true, accurate and lawful canvass of all of the returns, certificate to the several boards of County Commissioners showing the name of the candidate whio shall-have been upon such canvass nominated by the Democratic party for th eoffice of governor by the )rimary held June 1916. Amend the prayer of the petition for the alternative writ of mandamus so that it shall read as follows, towit:
Wherefore, your relator submits the premises to this court and.prays that H. Clay Crawford, secretary of state; Thomas F. West, attorney general, and J. C. Luning, state treasurer, as and constituting the State Canvassing Board of the primary election held June 6, A. D. 1916, be required to forthwith 'assemble and proceed publicly to canvass any and all amended and corrected returns, not only from the county of Alachua, but also from any other county of the state of Florida which is now or which may be up to the time of their canvass, on file with the secretary of state and with the governor, and which have been filed since the date of their last canvass which was by peremptory writ of mandamus issued by this court required to be made, and was made, September 21, 1916, and to
thereupon canvass and speedily determine and declare who shall have been duly and legally nominated in accordance with said returns as the Democratic nominee for governor of the state of Florida, or upon failure so to do to show cause to this court on or before 4 o'clock p. m. upon this the 9th day of October, A. D. 1916, or at s.Euwh other early hour as to this court shall seem proper.
And your relator would further pray that if it may appear to the court that the respondents should be limited to such returns as may be on file with them at the time of the issuance of the alternative writ, and not to allow them to canvass such as may subsequent to its issuance and before their canvass be filed with the secretary of state and with the governor, then, if such may be the view of the court, your relator prays that the respondents may be so limited in their consideration of the returns.
And your relator would further pray that if to this court the relief prayed for may not be granted to the extent and in the manner prayed for then that this court shall issue such process in the premises with such directions and commands as to this court shall seem proper in order that those things and acts consistent with law, right and justice may be had and accomplished, that peace may be given to the public and to the body politic and also satisfaction be offered and guaranteed to both the litigants and the contending factions, and in order that the true and lawful and just result of the primary election of the Democratic party in so far as it pertains to the office of governor may be canvassed and speedily declared by the State Canvassing Board, as and for which your relator has herein earnestly and sincerely prayed.
October 9, 1916, 2:30 p. m.
Attorney for Relator. State of Florida,
County of Leon.
Before me personally appeared Win. W. Flournoy who, upon oath, says that the facts set forth in the above and foregoing amendment are

Attorney for Relator.
Sworn and subscribed to before me this 9th day of October, A. D. 1916.
Clerk Supreme Court.
According to press reports, Mr. Murrow, an employe of the state of Florida under Mr. Knott, testified that he knew that he had made an error of 11 votes in the canvass of Hamilton county. Passing over the suggestion that he had no business whatever in having anything to do with the canvass of the vote, and the possibility that he had a purpose in assisting with it, he thus convicted himself of a- willingness to connive at fraud, the court takes his word and allows such returns as that to be counted for Mr. Knott. Mr. Knott asserts that he does not want any votes on which there is any taint of fraud. Has he discharged Mr. Murrow, or are the people of Florida still paying 'this man?-Ex.
President Wilson has taken official notice of the sufferings of Syrian and Armenian peoples in the war of

ardy; and did not go and have recounts, but he does"hereby pledge to loyally support
"Whereas, there exists at present went into court and asked for an in- the said nominees in th ensuing genmuch bitterness and ill-feeling within junction, and, gentlemen, that was eral election. the party ranks; and right. That was Democratic. He had As against the regular, certified
'Whereas, it is the time-established the right to go and ask the court to Democratic nominee fer governor, function of this body to eliminate enjoin the Democratic party from act- duly declared by over 4,000 inspectors, strife and preserve all the traditions ing that he might take some further clerks, county an' state officers, conof this party; therefore, be it action, but the courts said he could stituting our canvassin' boards. In "Resolved, by this committee, That not do it, and the Democratic party other wurds, if it is Mistu Knott, all no action be taken at this time on the of Florida moved on, and it counted, right; if it is Mr. Catts, never! gubernatorial contest which is still canvassed and declared the result of ,
pending, and that this committee the Democratic primary, and when it urges all loyal Democrats throughout did that, it said that Sidney J. Catts Resolved, That all nominees of the the state to withhold judgment until was the nominee of the Democratic state of Florida should give their acthis committee has fully determined party (loud and prolonged applause) tive aid and support towards the elecwhich is the proper course for all good for governor." tion of all of said Democratic nomiDemocrats.A inees and thereby continue the suDeocat.A Voice: "Going to say it again, primacy of the Democratic party. Be
"Mr. Chairman, I move the adop- too.",, Iitpr the D
tion of the resolution. (Seconded.) M it further
1 "Mr. Chairman, this committee is r. Hodges: And then, my friends, Strike out the word "said," an' we
- the recognized head of the Democratic the man I voted for went out and filed air with you on this yere parygraph.
- party in Florida, and it has been stat- his recounts in the Circuit Court, and, Or, substitoot SIDNEY J. CATTS fer ed in the call that the chairman has gentlemen, Democrats of Florida, I W. V. Knott, an' we air with you! sent out that the Democratic party is leave it to you whenever hewent into * *
t int anger.tIdn'the kowhat evryi-court after the party had acted, after Resolved, That all nominees of tde in danger. I don't know what evi- the party had closed up the matter, Democratic party in the recent priidences there were before you when
- you sent that letter out, but I pre- then and there, gentlemen of this com- mary election are particularly called
sume there was some. I want to say mittee and Democrats of Florida, he upon to lend their active support and that I agree with you that the Demo- became an independent, and it is the assistance to the candidacy of Woode cratic party of Florida is in the gray- duty (loud applause)-it is the duty row Wilson for president, W. V. Knott s est kind of danger of capsizing. When of Democrats of Florida to stamp for governor and R..F. Taylor for JusI came to Florida as a boy from the this thing out. (Applause.) Gentle- tice of the Supreme Court, and Hon.
good old state of Georgia I heard men, and Mr. Chairman, this inde- Frank Clark for Congress, for the older men tell me about the days that pendent shoe is pinching the feet of reason that the Democratic candidates they fought the independent, and I those men, and they will go out into last above named are being subject1 sat there and listened to them, and I this campaign and try to put it on ed to violent attacks by Independents, d regretted that I had been born as late our foot, but we will not wear it. Republicans, Socialists and other enef as I was, and that I could not have We are the true Democrats of Flor- mies of the Democratic party, and it
m.a" 'Flaida nh i yhties and ida. (Applause.) The Democratic is the sense of this committee, speak-

Politics in
(By Bearcat Frun
They shore pulled hit off! That b
committee what passed the Sturkie a
resolution an' then ett hit met at 10 c
o'clock Satterday mornin' last, as
called, tew declare war on Ole Catts. (
Thare wuz a little mixhp, howsumever, the Supreme Court convened in
Tallahassee at the same hour; but
that ere Supreme Court didn't render t
its decision until about three o'clock a
in the afternoon, which wuz about two e
hours after the committee had already .
"stepped an' done it" first. As a mat- h
ter uv fact, the Supreme Court hadn't t
finished Monday, notwithstandin' the K
corporashun daily newspapers Sunday
mornin' announced thet the jig wuz
up. e
What the committee did is as fol- 1
lows: c
Whereas, the rules and provisions a
HON. FRED W. BUTLER. of the Primary Election Law, partic- a
HN.FRE Tularly with respect to the counting of i
The shrewd barrister who has confused his enemies and those of the the second choice votes were not genpeople by Democratically declining with thanks a nomination for Justice of erally understood by the inspectors of elections in the recent primary in
the Supreme Court of Florida, which, according to news reports he was which candidates of the Democratic h thought to have at first been willing to accept when it was made to appear party were nominated. t
that it was the will of the people The Free Press reported this as a matter Accordin' to the committee, you 3,- 1 of political news, without either endorsing or condemning the step. There 600 inspectors an' clerks can't read d was a reason for it. All assertions that The Free Press figured in that move, or understand plain English, or even 1 or ever deviated from support of the Democratic candidates from Wilson count correctly, because you failed to down to constable as stated, are incorrect and misleading. It is expected that count Mistu Knott in. In other words, the machine candidates and their following will continue to circulate their the committee evidently thinks you t misleading rumors and tales concerning the course of Mr. Butler. It is also the itte e nky known that somebody has fallen into a ludicrous trap, and that it is neither are pure ignoramuses. Mr. Butler nor the Catts ollowing. Whereas, many errors were unin- r
tentionally made by the inspectors in
BUTLER NOT A CANDIDATE. several of the counties of this state in P
tabulating and tallying such votes. t
In a letter to John P. Coffin, of Johnstown, chairman of the Prohibition- Accordin' to the committee, you 3,-
ists of Florida, F. W. Butler, prominent Jacksonville attorney, declines the 600 inspectors an' clerks "unintention- 4 nomination of the Prohibition party for justice of the Supreme Court. ally" failed to count Mistu Knott in, I
Mr. Butler's letter follows: as in Greenville, in Madison county, 1
"Dear Sir: Having carefully thought over the matter and taking into and Alachua precinct, in Alachua consideration the fact that I was not a candidate before the June primary, I county. But according' to'Mistu do not feel that I can consistently oppose the rightful nominee of the Demo- Knott's sworn petitions, you are a cratic party for justice of the Supreme Court. bunch uv crooks, an'deliberately
"In coming to this conclusion I am not unmindful of the honor you and swindled him. See how they air tryyour co-workers have conferred on me, neither am I unappreciative of the in' to pacify ye to toll ye back? principles for which you stand. Being a Democrat first, however, I see no * *
other course than to decline the nomination. Whereas, it has been judicially de"Thanking you greatly for the honor and assuring you of my deep in- termined by the courts of this state, terest in the cause, I am, my dear sir, after a fair, full and impartial investi"Very truly yours, gation of the contest for the Demo- I
(Signed) "F. W. BUTLER." cratic nomination for governor that b
the Honorable W. V. Knott is justly e
0 ~entitled -to such nomination. t
sCom m itteem en -Many who believe that may vote for
Mistu Knott, while many who believe
otherwise may vote for Mr. Catts. 1
Jacksonville, Oct. 7.-Hon. 3.B. I would spend my whole life as a o *
Of Lake City, mea oting in primaries, Whereas, the courts are the regurouiofn eCtye SatinDeo-,'but I believe now, gentlemen, that the larly established tribunals created by resolution before the State Demo- time has arrived when the Democrats the people for the settlement' of all cratic Committee today in the Semi- of Florida can get together and dive disputed questions, involving the 0 nole auditorium, m ade one of the from the ranks of the party an inde- rights of the people. greatest arguments ever offered inpendentism the ctohas sprung up in our Except, however, their political
history before such a body of me ranks, and the victory will be more questions, the settlement uv which is glorious than it was to those old gray- reserved unto the peepul themselves Deep thinking men were heard to say haired men who still tell us about how in their constitution. that it is "a great pity we cannot have they drove independentism out of the *
such men as this in the United States party. In the primary this year I Whereas, the high character and Senate; they are the sort that the voted. I electioneered. I was active, ability and integrity of the judges of people need and should elect, and I did all that I could for those men the Supreme Court and the other just the sort of men who generally who I deemed would make good of- courts of the state of Florida is such refuse to enter politics as candi- ficers. William V. Knott was my as to command the confidence and redates." While it is generally under- choice in the primary for governor. I spect of every fair-minded citizen of stood that Mr. Hughes is not obtain- went over my county, and I saw my this state. able in politics as a candidate, he cer- friends, and I did all that I could to The "character and ability and intainly is believed to have laid an ex- secure the nomination for him. He tegrity" uv judges is like the virtew excellent foundation for any future he was a Democrat then. (Applause.) uv a wooman, an' needs no affirmamight aspire to, whatever his pres- After the people had voted, and the tive declarations to support hit, until ent attitude might be toward a po- Cracker Democrats of Florida had sat after hit is questioned, an' then hit is litical boom for himself. He was ap- around as inspectors, and had count- too late! plauded to the echo as he proceed- ed up the votes, and the Cracker *
ed; his righteous, sincere, earnest voter had sat there and watched them, Now, therefore, be it arraignment of Mr. Knott made a and had taken copies of what they Resolved, by the Democratic Execuvisible and telling effect on the lat- had done, I knew that the Democratic tire Committee of the State of Florter, who stood leaning one elbow on party of Florida had spoken, and its ida, That the action of the Honorable an empty steam radiator, and repeat- will will stand. (Applause.) I still W. V. Knott in instituting and carryedly was seen to wince as Mr. Hodges supported my friend Knott. I still ing to a conclusion the recount contest related his own feelings and steps in was a Knott man, because I die with in the courts for the purpose of judithis campaign with reference to Mr. my friends. The law provided that cially determining the true DemocratKnott and the nominee, SIDNEY J. the canvassing board was the machin- ic nominee for governor was necessary CATTS. The following extract from ery of the Democratic party, and it in order to properly protect and sea verbatim report contains the Hodges met within 20 days after the pri- cure the rights of the individual Demaddress: ***mary; and all Democrats had the ocratic voters of Florida.
*right to go into the courts or to go Mark you, "rights of the individual,"
Mr. 3. B. Hodges (of Columbia): anywhere in any tribunal and have regardless uv the voters an' citizens, (Reading) : any sort of recounts that they wanted an' good name uv the state. They will
"Whereas, it appears to this com- to have, but my candidate, my friend, never make any sane man believe any mittee that the contest for Demo- the man I voted for, did not do it. He sich selfish proceedings were ever cratic nomination has not yet been sat in his office; he waited; wrote let- "necessary," or even expedient. ended; and ters and got information, and I be- *
"Whereas, this committee does not lieve that he had all the information Resolved, That the State Demodesire to take premature action where that was necessary to bring about his cratic Executive Committee heartily the first interests of harmony and recounts before the Democratic party indorses all of the Democratic nomigodfeeling in the party are in jeop- in its canvassing board met, but henesnaialsteadconyad

Look out now fer big posters an' small meetin's. The corporationowned dailies will (sartin, uv coarse) tell you about the "vast crowds," but if you are present you will notice there are only the speechers, two or three leetle, questionable, corporashun, ward politicians, a mustang or two, a couple or so uv flop-eared houn's, an' a bunch uv empty sets!
Those circus bill-heads will advertise a list uv speekers as long as yer arm. This is done to fool ye out, so Mistu Knott kin get a whack at ye! Ef they didn't add this yere long list uv names, the mustangs an' flog-eared houn's would stay at home, fer they would ruther scratch flees an fite flies than hear Ole Catts abused!
Another amusin' thing is their effort to get up a grate excitement about the "activity uv the Republicans" in order to scare the Democratic candydates into "jinin' Mistu Knott," in the hope uv gettin' a few "out to meetin's" so Mistu Knott can unload on 'em. But the Democratic nominees air not nigh so skeert uv the Republikens as they air uv Mistu Knott, an' air likely to be very keerful with whoom they associate in this yere campane.
The biggest lie yit circulated is tew the effect thet Mr. Catts voted in Alabama sence he became a citizen uv Florida. (Certainly of course.)' They will circulate other an! more lies as they draw nearer to defeet.
Wunder ef they's still a shootin' at 69?
THE END (uv this round).



Wherefore Bill opened his mouth and spake to his Henchmen, who had been engaged to change the ballots, gentlemen, you surely have been faithful in getting hold of the ballot boxes and doing the work as directed. If Madison county boys had been as careful as you have been, we would never have been caught up with; you have done your level best and made a good steal. But we are caught up with in Madison and I am afraid it will knock me out; Catts was cnnsidered worthy of the certificate in the first count by the State Canvassing Board.
But Pete answered and said: Bill, don't you hold th ecertificate now?
Bill answered and said: Yea, verily, Pete, I do, but Catts is running as the nominee of the primary of June the 6th, and the voters, I fear, have caught onto what we are doing and my certificate will not profit me, as Webster said, it is not mixed with faith.
Pleas said, Bill, that is in the Bible.
But Bill answered and said he was not sure who said it.
Then Pete answered and said this ma nCatts was hard to handle; he was an educated man, well versed in profane as well as sacred history, a forceful speaker, a man the people believed in. Now, the question is this: We have snent lnts of money and it looks



Vol.'M ^. No. ..690 Aomle

m Big Swamp)
y the campaign committee, to give etive aid and support in the present campaign.
Substitoot the name uv SIDNEY J. CATTS fer that uv W. V. Knott, an' we air with you to a man!
Mistu W. V. Knott stands before he peepul uv this yere state virtuLily convicted by our Supreme Court )f tryin' to force our state canvassin' board to count fraudulent votes fer him. How on earth a man can claim to be a Democrat an' vote fer Mistu Knott is to us incomprehensibul!
The chairman uv the committee, or egineer uv the "organized" steemroller, "balled de jack" an' "backed an' killed "looped de loop," an! also let off steem, an' afforded "Mr. Cushin" an' other parliamentary on-lookers much amusement an' his own friends much embarrassment.
The chairman uv the committee announcez the openin' uv headquarters leer, an' a "whirlwind campane" threwout the state fer Mistu Knott. Uv coarse they added Democraitc candidates in an effort to make you believe Mistu Knott is in good company.
One uv the most amusin' things is the effort uv the committee to pulitially sandbag Hon. Frank Clark into supporting' Mistu Knott, an' friendly relashuns with a certain ex-governor uv "Wizard Ile Fame," who is. the power behind the throne in an effort to smear Mistu Knott over the peepul fer governor! But we opine thet Mr. Clark has long sense "cut his eye teeth" politically, an' is not likely to be even "slicked" into a trap.
The smoothness with which Hon. Fred W. Butler and associates forced sartin factions to support the regular nominee is one uv the interestin' inner secrets. But instid uv getting' the thanks uv the beneficiary, he may probably git cussed!
Whirlwind is a good name fer it! But we air reliably informed they air havin' grate difficulties in gettin blowers, thet is, uv any reputashun, to attract an audience, or call a meetin'. They have plenty of "dough," but no argument, an' fewer votes. The trubblue is, that tripple dose Satturday sickened.'

The Free Press is not like any other paper published in America. It occupies a field entirely to itself.


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T"he Free Press
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RICHARD HARGRAVE.................................. Editor
Box 1482, Jacksonville, Fla. Entered as second-class matter December 23, 1915, at the Postoffice at Jacksonville, Fla., under the Act of March 3, 1879.
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Jacksonville, Fla., Thursday, October 12, 1916
"SEE?" 16,
Well, good people, how do you like the new "Tank?"
Hodges, of Lake City, is a real "whirlwind" personified!
Do you long again to hear "the voice that made Wizard Oil famous? If so, hang on to Hookworm Bill!
What was that-Vanderbilt said about "the people?" What? 0 yes! We thought they meant it that way. Mean enough!
The papist "organs" and "mouthpieces" and following certainly do hate "Ole Cata" and forever are trying to knife him. Don't forget that, people of Florida.
Is there any reason why Florida cannot produce more home-grown Democrats with red blood in sufficiency to back up their demands and convictions? Do let us see!
What's the use of going to the polls and voting for the man you want? You can't have him while "Me an' the Spreem Cort" is on the job. His slightest whim shall bat you down!
Why didn't you make "Wiz. 0." Jennings run in the open if you wanted him? Be candid, people, and tell us on November 7, at least, that you want ex-Governor Jennings again-if you do, for that is the meaning of Raney's deal!
Democracy is 9ne thing-far removed from realization just now in Flor ida. The Democratic machine and Romanized Ring, lubricated by "Wizard Oil," is quite another thing, just now clutching the throats of the people of Florida!
Where, oh, where are all those "whirlwinds" that Mistu Knott was going to call to his colors? Where's Bryan? And Fletcher? And Trammell? And Frank Clark? And many others? Don't see them tearing their shirts as yet for Greenville Bill!
Come to think of it, why is it that nearly every virile champion of Democracy who stands up for the candidate of the people in Florida, hails from some other state, it would seem-from Georgia, for instance, where the people do rule? There are, of course, many glorious exceptions, but not enough!
"For Sale-One ballot box, in perfect working order. It multiplies, subtracts, divides and adds, exactly as Bill desires. Also, a few window shades with fringe thereon, slightly tainted. Complete, outfit, including all "office cheap for cash. Address, Honest K. Not, care CoL Apple Orchard, Dimmy Krat Offis."-Ex.
The Supreme Court decided nothing but certain manufactured disputes, pill-rolled by Greenville Bill, to sicken Ole Catts, but which have in turn sickened and disgusted the people of Florida and scared some judges out of a year's growth! And they have decided 'em just as Bill predicted and desired. How funny! What will the people say and do?
Why can't all of us use Mistu Knott's arithmetic when we go to pay our bills? If less is more, and a minority can be transposed into a majority, and a deficit can become a surplus, a failure a success, and a lie outweigh the truth, let us all have an equal benefit--"what's sass fer the goose is sass fer the gander," etc. Try it on Bill's pay check "wunct !"
Read history. Learn its lessons. Compare the tracks left on the "sands of time" by other men and peoples with the web-footed tracks we are today pressing into the sand dunes of Florida. See the drift? No? Well, look again and wait! The peoples ever win at last against the kings and all despotism-it is merely a question of time. "Don't give up the ship."
The action of the (un)democratic state committee was a shock to the decency of Florida and to the supposedly free people of Florida; it was expected, of course, yet the shock was real. The reaction has already set in and it will go hard with Raney and his bunch. It will gain strength in a regular swell that will bowl over some crooks we know like white-eana after

and me; but the hands which pillaged our public domain of some majority fqr CATTS that he will be declared ELECTED and if of its best lands and gave them away virtually to the railroads, will elected, by the everlasting, HE WILL BE SEATED, TOO! wield the scepter. Do you get that, George and Bill?
We refer to one W. S. Jennings, ex-governor of unfortunate What will your political "magic" do now? Florida who seeks through Bolter Knott to become again governor of Florida without taking his hands out of the dough. THE TIMES-UNION POLICY.
A &-I A I XT A XTTA VbTd-ATIMP AA A79T i t _ ___*-I __.

MAIN AJ) HUI T AWAX 0so, say so and say it quick- It is hard to argue against reason and candor. It is pitiable
you are getting him by leaps and bounds if you contemplate accept- to be forced to try to do it. Subsidized journals have to pay dearing the fiat of Raney's committee. ly for being subsidized. The editors of such are mere court vas"Detras la cruz es el diablo!" sals like the olden men of letters from Greece made captives in
Rome and patronized by the Roman emperors. The Times-Union
AN UNSELFISH CHAMPION. ownership is the object of mirth at times in the presence of a risMr. J. B. Hodges, of Columbia (County, is looming up large in Florida'ing and irrepressible Democracy which is determined and destined history just now. His recent conversion from neutrality on the most vexing to prevail in Florida. political issues to an active partisan for CATIS and his following is the most What is this story we have heard about two magnates in far convincing and signihcant thing that has resulted from this prolonged turmoil away New York who nevertheless dictate the editorial policy4of that the people have suffered at the hands o Knott and his colleagues. the Times-Union? Is it a fact that these two dictators are Papists
Mr. tiodges' address before the State Democratic Committee, published
elsewhere in this issue, is to our view the ablest, the most earnest, candid of note? Have they decreed for some reasons best known to and convincing speech we have heard in many a day, unless we except the themselves that the Times-Union must henceforth for a season addresses of Colonel Dart, which equal in eloquence while equaling in spirit, stealthily, desperately strive to support Hughes? Has such an Mark you, both of these gentlemen come trom GEOGIA-the invincible order gone forth and reached Jacksonville? Has it gone into .efhome ot Ireedom and red-blooded manhood! We cannot fail to recognize fect? It does look like it in view of recent editorial utterances of and applaud the type. Both men are an asset and an acquisition to the Democracy of Florida. I the T.-U. Mr. Hodges, of Lake City, vigorously referred to it SatMr. Hodges is a busy attorney who brings with his zeal a certain degree urday last as his great speech before the Democratic committees in of almost religious fervor in his convictions and argument. If he ever had the Seminole testifies. In recent paragraphs the T.-U. 'rumia personal aspiration in his politics he does not show it and we believe he is nates" a while and then slyly leads up with a "why" to the propoabsolutely free from that. We need just such services and argument at all times in our higher legislative bodies as that bestowed in Colonel Hodges' sition of supporting Wilson because of his Democracy! What a debate before that committee. He did not abuse-he did not scoff nor con- Democratic newspaper! temn-but he did arraign and that unsparingly. And the arraignment stuck! We might put a few "whys" to the Times-Union--and we
He is out in the political lists, throwing down the glove of defiance to despot- think we shall, right here: ism and political corruption and ready to back up his defiance with his tree "Why" does the T.-U. manifest favoritism in its tolerance of lance, gladly placed at the disposal of an ideal conception of Democracy. w hy"rdoesitheally nwl
We commend that earnest appeal of Colonel Hodges to the State Com- news? Or does it, really now!
mittee to awaken to a sense of duty and fairness--it were impossible for a "Why" does the T.-U. ALWAYS oppose the will of the people candid and open mind to turn away from that appeal-to disregard the story -the popular masses of bread-winners in Florida? Is it that a he told of his dreams of heroes of old days in Florida, of which he heard when a boy--of his aspirations to come here and live and struggle with us newspaper representing great corporate interests can or must to exemplify his ideal of Democracy and stamp out the thralldom against NEV EiA see its own interests in common with the very people who which the last generation struggled, it had been hoped, not in vain! support the railroad, the bank, the insurance funds and the middle
Is there no inspiration in that example of Colonel Hodges? man?
Can it fail to bear fruit?""d-"rN t ry "
Can the powers of darkness, and despotism, and ring rule, and oligarchy Why does the T.-U. thus ever vote "NO" to everythig the prevail over the unselfish devotion of men like J. S. Hodges in Florida poli- people demand? Explain that if you can, learned scribe! tics? "Why" does the main "Ed" writer for the T.-U. get a bundle
What is the matter with Florida? Shall we admit that Georgia has a of "Republicans" weekly?
brand of Democracy, of patriotism, of independence (not independentism) "Why" do these common people, these honest toilers and
and virility that is unknown to Florida as a rule? You KNOW that such things as have been put over in Raney's committee during the past two years hearty bread-winners ever look with suspicion upon everything simply WILL NOT GO IN GEORGIA-and never would. Now, where is the the T.-U. advocates? Do you suppose, worthy editor, that experidifference between the peoples of these two states, and why should it exist? ence with your policies and conduct in the past have had anything
Is a suggestion amiss that Florida, too, has the stuff in her manhood and to do with this public distrust? that it should now assert itself under a full measure of self control? People, that is up to you! Like the river, these "whys" might run on forever. Would
you ever try to explain them away, or better still, seek to alter
BETTER AMUSEMENTS. your course to one in sympathy with and consideration for the public and people from whose travails you draw your ungrateful susJacksonville, being still the largest center of population, is of all Florida tenance? cities naturally confronted with the larger problem of amusement for the youth. Nor is that problem a small one. The wild spirit of youth is not to be tamed or disciplined by frowns, nor strictures nor encroachments upon the THE SOPHISTRY OF RANEY.
discretion of youngsters after they reach the age of even a j partial responsibility. Preachers may preach, pray and sing-and scolds may nag-youth Leaving out of the question the honest differences of opinion
will laugh, will dance-will escape-it only remains to determine the frame of mind upon escape to forecast fates. and purpose between men of the same party in a political camFacinr condition. verv citv b t saves its vouth when it ht nrovid nin: eliminating' th mulations hetween two or mnor mon anu

for their amusement-not by deciding for them, but staying with them and Keeping bright the memory of better things while pointing out the ways of danger and then praying that some kindly spirit will ever attend them to keep uppermost the better impulses. To do this, when the youth are determined to dance, it is best to see to it that if dance they will and must, the places where they go to dance shall be the best possible to provide. Chicago is struggling strenuously with this problem as well as are other great cities.
The opening of the dancing pavilion at South Jacksonville by the South Jacksonville Amusement Company -on last Saturday night displayed a very gratifying example of what we are doing to provide the best amusements for dancing seekers. Mr. Hoyt received a representative of The Free Press and explained in detail his plan for meeting this demand to the best purpose. We understood him to say that he 4Th not expect "society folks" to come, nor did he want them to come-this for the reason that the most select and circumspect society folks are sure to'confine their dancing to their own parlors and clubs as a rule-and the other class of society pleasure seekers-the blaize set who sneak away from the 400 to go shamefacedly to invade the playgrounds of poor bread-winners--would surely be a detriment to the tone of the well conducted public dance hall such as has been opened on the South Side.
About 200 couples of very well-appearing youth were enjoying the opening night last Saturday. The music was fine, the floor splendid-the place attractive and the refreshments ample--and, above all, the deportment was of the very best. If there is a man in town whose keen eye and stiff will power would keep it so, Mr. Hoyt is- the man. Mr. Cook, directly in charge for the present, is the in the right place. It was refreshing to see the pleasure apparent everywhere.
Mr. Hoyt called attention to the late investments of Mr. Randolph Rose, the man who showed his manhood by quitting the liquor business with a smile of good grace and perhaps with a sigh of relief that he might now enter a higher plane of activities-in the legitimate amusement field. This is the future toward which charitable folk look forward-to the steady uplift" in business and pleasure that will wean humanity from appetites and raise them gradually to better things.
It is the best that we can do in the right direction.

their factions, both seeking the same thing which only one of them can fairly have at one time; discounting all the prejudices that naturally or unnaturally enter into the minds of men under heat of zealous contention-the rulings of Chairman Raney in that Saturday session of his state "committee' simply cap the climax for an indecent exposure of inconsistency and apparent dishonorable purpose.
If a man would not be misjudged or misunderstood, let him at -least have a care to appearances if he thinks himself smart enough to fool the people even for little while! ToqT such palpable partiality for a court'f ltehose pi is sose that he would take what is not graciously his-or go where he is unwelcome; and to flout all sense of justice and fair play in order to favor this menial raper of ballots and manufacturer of spurious evidence for imposition upon the courts, is about as far down in the depths of degradation as any political ringster can go.
Don't offer excuses-do not proffer paliation for what Raney did in that chair and said on that floor-we were there-we saw and heard for ourself. So were some others who saw and know. Raney knows. He knows he has not fooled the people, but has disgusted them and embarrassed his friends. He has polluted Democracy, justice, fair play and honesty of thought. He has degraded the Democratic committee and the party machinery. He has outdone Boss Barnes in those contemptible rulings before our eyes and of course we are in "contempt of committee!"
Of all the nations of martyrs for Christianity, that of Armenia and Syria has been the greatest sufferer. The Moslem and the Vandal-the Slav and the Tartar-the pagan Romans and

one political rapist-about November 7"Magic?" Well! Have you stopped to think just what it is all powers ofdespotism allied with he a a a ad
or was in days gone by? The word was derived from the Magi, the soil of old Palestine for ages with Syrian and Armenian ChrisTake hold of the live wires, my lords! See how much voltage you can a set of false priests-pretenders whose craft was to deliberately tion blood. In the present butchery these two unfortunate peostand. Go to the sticks-do, please They want Sobadlyto see you out deceive the poor, ignorant, slave-peoples on whom they subsisted pies are suffering a double portion of murder, rape and torture, to there. The standards of manhood have changed-we mossbacks are all out
of date, of course--it once required men like CATTS to lead a people like for a time between upheavals of bloodshed in reaction against the say nothing of starvation. that of Florida. Now we need men with necks as long as that of a sandhill horrors of those days! Americans can hardly understand the feelings that must well
crane; breast like a chicken; heads of solid ivory and adding machines on That priestcraft known as "Magic" was a tissue of false- up in the hearts of all Armenian and Syrian Christendom at the wheels-to get there with the people! Or do we? We shall see. hoods, accompanied with manufactured demonstrations by which contrast between the horrors of the Orient and the freedom and
FATHER McLEOD'S EXPOSURES. for a time the populace were duped into servitude and compromise security of The Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave!
to the wretched magic priesthood. Then enlightenment came and President Wilson has designated Saturday, October 11, and swept away the Magicians and their odious cult. It became the Sunday, October 22, as days whereon Americans may contribute Elsewhere in this issue we are printing a luminous exposure bye-word of all time thereafter as a synonym of fraud, of abuse special relief funds to stricken Armenian and Syrian Christendom. of some of Knott's campaign intrigues, showing how Greenville and reprehensible deception, graft and corruption-of imposition A committee of four, composed of the David brothers and Mr. NasBill missed his guess on ten-as he usually does. This is but upon the poor and the innocent victims of ignorance. rallah, waited upon The Free Press on Wednesday to secure whatone of dozens of instances that might be found to show just how Now comes the undemocratic State Committee under the ever publicity we might give to this cause in these days of inthese election thieves went about their work. magic of one Raney and undertakes to do some of the stunts that ternational charity. Who may know how soon this wave of Vanfor Knott and Raney. pagan slaves finally outgrew and cast out thousands of years ago, dalism and war might lick in tongues of flame and bloodshed upon
for___Knott____and_______ey._ They will make or break men by the wave of a guilty hand, will our own shores? Let us pray that it will not. But if it should do
they? Humph! They will say what is a man's politics for him, so, the memory that we bound up the bleeding instead of killing "BEHIND THE THRONE." will they? Let them try to get by with the magic! They will the innocent, will go with us to the front and stiffen our own lines
place one man in this party and another in that-all to suit the of battle!
There is an old Spanish proverb, which cynically reflects on game of a petty political breadline of oligarchic interests-all in
the misdeeds of Rome and popery. It is this: the name of DEMOCRACY? We guess not! ETERNAL VIGILANCE THE PRICE.
"Detras la cruz es el diablo," which, being translated, means, Mr. Raney, we are neither bound by fraud nor controlled by
"behind the cross is the devil." It refers of course to the abuses you and your ring. Your perfidies have released us, yes! But By W. H. L. McLaurin.
of power and high stations by the incumbents thereof. It does not it is for us to go and do as we please-not for you to dispose of us The confident tone of optimism now prevalent in the supportdecry the station, but does disparage the incumbent. The court after you have betrayed us. Because the Prohibitionists sought ers of Hon. Sidney J. Catts may prove disastrous, if not backed by is not contemned, but the judge may be censured; the throne is to fuse with the Democrats and thus nominated Catts as the rec-Iindefatigable and unrelenting endeavor. Over-confidence has not despised, but the king who sits therein is despised. The cross ognized Democratic nominee, you think you can magically trans-! been the ruin of many an aspirant for office. "There is no disis not spurned, but the devil is located and announced, hiding there pose him from the Democrat titat he is (and that YOU are .not) charge in his war." We must "leave no stone unturned" in our behind the cross! The picture is a real one. Behind the crosses into a party prohibitionist regardless of his own option, do you? confident battle for the rights of the people. We are up against we are bearing today in Florida, with the element that one profane Not even Magician Raney is man enough to do that as he soon the shrewdest bunch of unscrupulous politicians that ever diswriter disdainfully calls "the cross-backs" in surreptitious suprem- shall see. The attempted magic is also a mortal insult to the in- graced a state, and judging from the way they have done in the acy in our machinery of government, we may see the devils of cor- telligence and enlightenment of all the people of Florida and one RE-COUNT fraud business, we may expect anything at their ruption hiding if we but look behind the obvious, they will surely resent---and punish on November 7. Cattts is go- hands, except fair and honorable dealings. Hence we must work,
Florida has in effect a despotic throne; and upon it sits as a ing right on and will get his petition and it will have to be respect- and never stop, until the night of the 7th of November, "and then ruler some puppet of despotism and perfidy, pliant as potter's ed. He is not a party prohibitionist and everybody knows it- SOME." clay to the wiles of the devil. Governor Trammell may not be he makes his own political choice, as th rest of us do and shall Some things that must be done to elect Sidney J. Catts: a figurehead, but he is merely a bailiff of the invisible throne of -or else, by the eternals, YOU shall not do so either, George Ra- 1. Keep the history of Knott and his followers in this campaign a diabolical despotism and the office of governor here at any time ney, so far as you are concerned and Bolter Knott and all the rest before the people constantly. The old "stop thief" method of dimight be called upon to enforce the mandates of that invisible of the breadline! reacting the attention of the people from the real thief to the iogovernment which Florida is now resolved to overturn at any cost. At the same time, if the prohibitionists want to vote for cent bystander is being employed, and will be employed in the They would now seat Bolter Knott on that throne. A Roman cross Catts, they have the right, else Raney and Knott and the whole' closing days of this campaign. Knott may be and doubtless is is branded everywhere in sight. But who is behind that throne? pack of political wolves of ye have not and shall not exercise that without spinal vertebra, but there are those behind him who can If Greenville Bill is rammed down our throats with court wadding right! Get that? And the people themselves have something to furnish all necessary backbone, and who will not hesitate to place and Raney gag law, who will be "governor of Florida?" say as to who and what they shall be. It's a matter of law and Catts on the DEFENSIVE-in that way. Let the people know
The one most conspicuous behind that cross-plastered throne we can and will amend the laws so that this political Vandalism that Knott is on the defensive; that he is the POLITICAL Judas, of invisible but not intangible despotism is the Nemesis of good must cease in all parties in Florida. THE bolster of the Democratic party, THE disrupted of its hargovernment and clean administration in Florida. "The voice that And the neonle will ro ri'ht nn to the nnll on Nnvember 7 nv -T-THE tnl n ,n-o rni qT I ..



common people, THE friend of defunct banks, THE partisan toolI every vote they may gain for Catts; STATEMENT OF THE OWNERSHIP, MANof railroads, THE agent of the hierarchy, THE friend of the whis- so let us go to work and make the QUIREDBY THEACT OF CONGRESS OF
key interests and THE weakling of the dirty politicians. changes; now is the accepted time; AUGUST 24. 1912,
we have the thing started; let's re- Of The Free Press, published weekly, at Jack2. Keep the REAL issue-The People vs. The Politicians- solve to pull through; let it cost what sonville, Fla., for October 1, 1916.
before the people. The issue in this campaign is not of MEN- it may; we must get Knott in, for he STATE OF FLORIDA,
Catts and Knott-except as they reflect the interests they repre- is our man; he will be a good Knight OUNTY OF DUVAL- ds.
of Columbus; we can give him an of- Before me, a notary public, in and for the sent. The issue is not WHO shall be GOVERNOR, but WHOofCum s;w agieh no- state and county aforesaid, personally apfice in the Knights of Columbus and peered J. V. Burke, who, having been duly shall RULE FLORIDA-the people or politicians, the people or he can do for us more than any other sworn according to law, deposes and says
hatee is the Business Manager of The Free
Catholics, the people or the Whiskey Ring, the people or the rail- man in the state can do. Press and that the following is, to the best
roads. THE issue is one of the greatest that could possibly con- And Bill said: Men and brethren, of his knowledge and belief, a true statement
front the state, ajd should be emphasized, both by Mr. Cats, in as the Lord liveth, I am in a close of the ownership, management, etc., of the place; I stand in sight of my politi- aforesaid publication for the date shown in the above caption, required by the Act of Auhis campaign speeches, and by all friendly newspapers; together cal grave. That Jasper affair in the gust 24. 1912, embodied in section 443, Postal with those who have this great cause at heart. Let us INSIST clerk's office looks very much to me Laws and Regulations, printed on the reverse
that the issue is not WHO shall be GOVERNOR, but WHO shall like my political shroud, and the of this form, to-wit:
1. That the names and addresses of the
RULE our STATE. The process of ballot box tampering that Greenville fraud like a pine coffin ,ublisher, editor, managing editor, and busicoming my way. ness managers are:
characterized the RE-COUNT fiasco will abundantly justify our Small spake unto him, saying: Bill, Pubisher. The Free Press Publishing Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
suspicions of the character of men who would make Knott gov- fear no defeat in the Supreme Court. y Editor, Richard Hargrave, Jacksonville, Fla.
ernor, and establish beyond peradventure the character of govern- I have just got hold of the certificates Business Manager, J. V. Burke, Jacksonville,
menit, to expect, under the administration of Knott. No min Washington county, when no one 'la.
man c was near, and what I done was 2. That the owners are:
rise above his surroundings, unless he be a man of undoubted cour- wner, a The Free Press Publishing Company.
enough. 'That the names and address of the stockage and moral vertebra. With the KNOWN backers of Knott it And Blackwell said: Bill, be con- elders owning more than one per cent or
would be folly of the greatest kind to expect an administration of tent; I have a lot of keys and I have more of the total amount of stock are: E. B. Casler, Jacksonville, Fla.
fidelity to the PEOPLE. When a man is politically OWNED by not been idle; when the recount comes E. B. Donnell, Jacksonville, Fla.
rich corporations, plutocratic interests, whiskey rings, railroads up my work will show. R.Y.H. Thomas, Jacksonville, Fla.
But th ecourt answered and said: J. V. Burke, Jacksonville, Fla.
F. W. Butler, Jacksonville, Fla.
and ROMANISM, it is im possible to SERVE the people's inter- No more mandamuses shall issue. Edward Anderson, Jacksonville, Fla.
est. Knott cannot serve the people's interests. He is tied hard And Bill said: Tom, you have A. w. Dennis. Jacksonville, Fla.
fought a good fight and I still can 3. That the known bondholders, mortgagees,
and fast.holdghe certifiat reards t e anmd other security holders owning or holding
3. Keep the PEOPLE posted, warned challenge hold the certificate regardless of the per cent or more of total amount of bonds,
e69 votes in precinct No. 3 in Alachua. mortgages, or other securities are: None.
falsehoods as they are manufactured by the politicians. Already But Tom said: Yes, Bill, you hold 4. That the two paragraphs next above, givare the agents of these dirty politicians pedling manufactured the certificate, it is true; can you con- ing the names of the owners, stockholders,
",nd security holders, if any, contain not only
falsehoods throughout the country, especially in rural districts, vince the voters of Florida that other he list of stockholders and security holders counties were not like Madison; can s they appear upon the books of the cornwhere the people do not have the advantages of contact with prop- you make people believe that Morrow ,any but also, in cases where the stockholder
r security holder appears upon the books
er sources of information. Some of those faslehoods are: was not changing the votes that night the company as trustee or in any other
1. That if you vote for Catts you read yourself outside of at Jasper? I have finished my work uciary relation, the name of the person or
the Democratic party, and cannot vote in the future in that party. as a lawyer; now it is up to you, and ,rporation for whom such trustee is acting,
ifgiven; also that the said two paragraphs
2. That you are a BOLTER from the Democratic party, if I assure you, Bill, you are up against ontein statements embracing affiant's full
the hardest proposition any candidate :nowledge and belief as to the circumstances you do not support the NOMINEE of the party-which, of course, ever was. nd conditions under which stockholders and
they say is KNOTT. And Bill answered and said: Tom, security holders who do not appear upon the
)ooks of the company as trustees, hold stock
3. That you are disloyal and unworthy, if you do not support Raney has called the executive coin- nd securities in a capacity other than that
the nominee made through the supposed legal processes of the au- mittee together and he will get a reso- ,f a bona fide owner; and this affiant has no lution through condemning Catts and reason to believe that any other person, association, or corporation has any interest di4. T hatCbe. endorsing me. rct or indirect in the said stock, bonds, or
4. That Catts is an INDEPENDENT and not the NOMINEE. Then Pleas opened his mouth and other securities than as so stated by him.
5. That he is inelligible and cannot take his seat, if elected taught them as Pleas had never taught J.V. BURKE,
in November. before, saying it would be far better Sworn to and subscribed before me this 3rd
for Bill if Raney would stay-at home; 1ay of October, 1916.
6. That Catts' name will not be on the TICKET, and CAN- the voters of Florida have all of Ra- (Seal) RICHARD HARGRAVE.
NOT BE. iey they are going to stand for; see (My commission expires Oct. 18, 1916.)
These are but some of the falsehoods that are being and will how he killed Nathan Bryan speaking
be circulated in the campaign before us. And these falsehoods here in conference; the thing is out; SOME MORE KNOTT VICTIMS.
will be PERSISTENTLY circulated and must be just as ASSJDU- the 'recount is fully understood to
wilYePEXPLOED.LYOfircolatedndmursetthsewhopropa a s ate-have been the work of fraud, and I Pablo Beach, Fla., Oct. 3, 1916.
OUSLY EXPLODED. Of course those who propagate such state- believe what Bill saw coming from Editor The Free Press:
ments know they are false, but they care nothing for that. All Greenville was his political coffin. At the time of the failure of the
they want is results. And there are always those who believe And Pete said it looks as though we Commercial bank three people near
what they are told, without investigation. Like the other false- have played the fool from start to here, who had all their savings in it,
finish; it is fully believed by the best asked me to see what its condition hood, "that nobody but ignorant people and people of no stand- of men that the gain in the recount was and what might be expected. I ing are supporting Catts," they stop short of no falsehood to carry was the result of fraud; how can you wrote Comptroller Knott for a stateout their nefarious purposes. pass that Greenville affair, and the ment and after some time he sent me
4. Supply the sinews of war to defray necessary campaign vote on November 7th shall not be the enclosed which as you will see recounted because Bill holds a certifi- looked hopeful, as out of $588,939.71 expenses. cate, but the voters will consider how there appeared only a shortage of $3,Nothing will go without money. Neither can Sidney J. Catts you obtained th ecertificate, and the 331.07. Later a visit to the bank reand his campaign headquarters conduct a successful finish against word fraud is the password from Key sealed no assets in sight, but a lot-of illimitable funds of his opponent without money. It won't do to West to Pensacola. 'old paper and some real estate and I
And Bill smote his breast and said: told my friends to cease lying awake SUPPOSE he has plenty. Too late to help after the battle is Give me some more beer; and they at night figuring on how much they
fought. There are many expenses in such a campaign and the gave him a bucket of beer and he did would get. PEOPLE. whose battle is being waged by Mr. Catts. MUST fur- drink it all and laid down to rest. They have not vet got anything and

nish the money to defray the expenses. Send in your contribution to headquarters at Jacksonville at once and thus insure the
success of this great struggle for freedom in Florida.
5. Flood the state with speakers, the equal of the bestMEN of courage, and of undoubted principles, to lay the issues
-efur- tbe people till Nov whb~ 7th. The power of oratory has
been the potential factor in converting many a man, both "from the error of his ways," and "from the true and right way." So that the people, who expect and desire Mr. Catts elected in November, must offset the fiery oratory and falsehoods the supposed
horde of Knott orators may put out.
6. Catts' platform must be kept before the people, as the
SYMPOSIUM of all the ISSUES before the people.
Upon the issues of his platform Mr. Catts won out in the primary and IS the Democratic nominee, and upon those planks he will go in triumph to the general election. ROME and RUM were the principal planks that won out then, and will win in the end. The danger of these enemies of God and the country are just as real today as in the beginning, and the re-count steal only accentuates that fact. If these issues and these courses, followed, do not bring victory, nothing will. The further duty to see that Catts gets a fair deal in the appointment of inspectors and clerks at the general election, be had, at the hands of the county commissioners. The law provides the remedy and we must see to it that we do not sleep over our rights. Already have some county commissioners appointed an anti-Catts set of inspectors and it must not go further. If the followers of Knott would go into the ballot box at midnight to steal away the rights of the people in their choice for governor they will not hesitate to do so by having unscrupulous tools appointed to steal in the general election. We must see to it that they have no chance to do so. Let's see to it that Mr. Catts has an equal showing in these appointments. This
is of the most vital importance.
7. Moderation, yet firmness in speech should characterize
the utterances of all who espouse the cause of Mr. Catts and that
which he represents.
There is no reason why we should be excited or irritated in
our fight since we are eternally right and bound to win. Let the midnight ballot box raper do the muddy act, the howling. We are waging a sacred war for God, and, our country, and must not descend to the level of the street vernacular. We must also remember that we have to live together after the election with those who are our political enemies, but could be and should be our personal friends, if we but use a bit of moderation before then.
We may not see how they can stand against us and may condemn them even justly in our hearts, but we must live together after the battle is over and since we are sure to be on top then, let us be magnanimous towards those we cannot agree with or may not respect, as we would like now. Nothing is to be gained by any other course and it is to be hoped that whatever provocation may be given that the supporters of Mr. Catts will show only a true moderation and forbearance that will redound to the credit of the great cause of freedom and purity in politics, which we are fighting for.

(Continued from First Page)
and hire a new lot of first class liars
that cannot be caught up with, for something has got to be done and done quickly.
And Bill answered and said: Pleas, Pete is talking to my notion now. I live at Tallahassee and I have ate
public pie for thirty years; now for me to be turned down by a man named Catts is more than I can stand by these old fool Crackers don't know what a smart man I am; they got no
sense no how.
But Pete said: Bill if you buy these Crackers for fools and sell them for what they are worth you can go into the banking business.
But Bill said: Pete, to be governor of Florida is what I want and I think

We can do a lot of advertising and make a big fuss about standing up to the nominee.
But Pleas said: That is what is in our way; Catts is surely the nominee of the primary of June the 6th, and you are the nominee of the court; this impression you cannot counteract; the voters have got that in their heads and there it will stay until November 7th. Greenville is the slogan that I fear has let the Catt out of the sack.
Then Pleas answered and said: Bill, you have been going too fast with your mandamuses; see how it turned out in Dade county; you cannot fool with those people; yet us be more particular in the future about the ballot boxes we try to enter; this thing is getting serious with me.
And Father Maher spake a parable unto them, saying: The time has come when the work must be done if we are defeated now it will set us back at least fifty years in Florida;

You are requested to call at room 32 Baldwin Building, Jacksonville, any time during day or night, Thursday, Friday or Saturday of this week.
This is of vital importance.'
To the Voters of Florida:
As so many voters in the state know us, as we are editor of a Masonic journal in this city, which is well circulated throughout the state, we take pleasure in introducing to you the Hon. J. S. Blitch and ex-Mayor Van C. Swearingen of Jacksonville.
We know both of these men; they are above reproach; they are men who stand for principle; if they did not have sufficient evidence of fraud in the gubernatorial recount neither of these men would stand for S. J. Catts; they are better men; they will tell you the truth; I have no doubt at all as to the gains for Knott were the results of fraud.
I supported Bowden for mayor of this city on this promise, that he
would see that all women of doubtful character in hotels, boarding houses and in resident blocks were run out. I made a speech for him to about 14,000 on this promise. I think it was on the morning of June 8th, a short, heavy-built, comparatively young man came to me in the postoffice and said he wanted to see me; took us to a corner and at once took up the gubetnatorial election, and said we are not going to let this thing stand; what we want with you is this: go to the registration offices that you know and get in with them; if it takes money to do so, it will be put in your hands, and we -will furnish keys that will open any ballot box, and for you to make changes in Knott's favor, keeping a strict count of the box, so we can have those boxes recounted and make small gains in each precinct until we get a safe majority over Catts. Y6u can do more for us than any man in the state and you will get whatever you say. I did not know him, but asked him who he was; he said that was all right, if I would agree to do this, come with him. I said I supported Bowden for certain reasons, but Knott and that bunch who propose to steal the honest votes I shall not have anything to do with, and shall do all I am capable of doing to prevent such a low-down, rascally scheme.
I have been so near blind with cataracts I could hardly make my way for quite a time. I have been out of the state, having the cataracts removed, and have had one removed, but the light gives me such pain I have to stay in the shade. If I had my sight I should canvass this state and expose this rascally scheme. Fellow citizens, 'it is a Catholic scheme, and George Raney is the man employed by the Catholics to carry out their schemes. But Florida will turn the whole gang down. Say, let's make Catts' election as near unanimous as possible. We just as well kill out this rascality in its infancy and we feel quite sure than every Protestant in the state of Florida to whom this has been explained will vote solidly for Sidney J. Catts, who is surely the Democratic nominee of the primary of June 6th. We believe in standing for God and right, and will not do any man any harm if we know it. Our ancestors had to leave Scotland on account of these Catholics. Let's stand for God and a free country.

I was told today by another interest'ed party who had looked into the matter that what little there was had been eaten up in expense.
These poor people are now being 'asked to vote for Knott. They, like others, believe that had the comptroller done his duty they would never have lost a cent.
Yours truly,
ROBERT RANSON. 'Receiver's Report Commercial Bank.
Jacksonville, Fla., Feb. 27, 1915.
Loans and discounts ..... $463,818.41 Bonds..................61,120.00
Real Estate ............. 22,521.31
Due from Banks.......... 2,116.84
Furniture and fixtures ... 11,539.59 County warrants .........,522.23 Cash...................4,265.19
Cash items......... .......,551.62
Capital stock.............$100,000.00
Add'l due to banks ...... 316.29 Due to banks ............ 77,159.35
Indvidual deposits........ 153,871.59 Savings deposits...........102,054.69
Certificates of deposits... 18,711.06 Cashier's checks.......... 2,053.25
Certified checks .......... 12.87
Bills payable ............ 116,493.07
Bonds borrowed.......... 6,000.00
Schedule "P"............ 1,6667.89
Schedule "Q" ............. 3,526.80
N. Y. drafts outstanding.. 7,072.85
Dania, Fla., Oct. 2, 1916.
Editor The Free Press:
Last week I called on my old friend, Hon. J. W. Watson, Democratic 'nominee for the house of representatives from Dade county, in Miami. I asked him who will be the next governor of Florida. He answered Catts of course. He is the regular Democratic nominee for governor and will be elected with an overwhelming majority, regardless of any decision the state Supreme Court may render, but on No-iember 7th the highest supreme court, which is the people, will decide that question of governorship and elect Hon. S. J. Catts with one of the greatest majorities of any candidate on the Democratic ticket, but 'one thing was a surprise, not alone to me, but the whole state says Mr. Watson that Mr. Catts, a total stranger, without money and friends, could slip across the state line from Alabama, put himself up for governor and beat some of our best men for the nomination. The state press ignored him, the state executive committee refused to put his name on the ticket and considered him a joke, is somiehting unheard of in this state or any other state in the Union, but, said Mr. Watson, I think Providence had something to do with it.
Mr. Navilla, the registration officer in-the Dania precinct, Broward county, and myself looked over the names this morning of those who have already registered and 103 have already registered with about 20 more to come in and we find from looking over the list and our acquaintance with the voters that 73 will vote for Catts, Knott 14, Allen 12, Socialist 2 and 3 will not vote for any candidate for governor. Cyclone Mitchell will not get any votes in Dania. We consider him a great joke and our opinion is

Emmett I
203 DialJacksonville, PH( .

B. Pritcha,



to break up the Democratic party in this state. If there was ever a time for all true Democrats to stand together and vote the refrular nominated ticket it is this year, and save the state from falling into the ranks of the Republican party. That is the scheme of the disgruntled Democrats to unite with the Republicans and Socialists to carry the state for the Republicans, and we also from the acquaintance of the voters throughout Broward county we have made a calculation that Hon. Sidney J. Catts will carry Broward county with 2 to
1 for governor.
Yours respectfully,
Chairman of the Sidney J. Catts Democratic Club of Dania, Broward
County, Fla.
Editor The Free Press:
If I knew where Mr. Catts was, I would write him, but not knowing, I am going to ask you to tell him to say something that will make a subject for an editorial for the Gainesville Sun. That poor thing has failed for two or three days to have an "able editorial," just because Catts won't say something that would be
appropriate. It will take just a few more such as the Sun has been afflicting its readers with-to elect Catts by acclamation, and Mr. Catts had ought to furnish them as speedily as possible. Almost any old thing will do since "Catts said it."
I would suggest that the Catts
clubs, and others who are interested in fair play tender a vote ,of thanks
to the little journals that are fighting the Democratic party, and its nomi-



nees, for the great good they have done. For, as you know, it is good policy to pick out the candidate that the subsidized, trust-owned and controlled papers are supporting, and then work and vote against him, land thousands -are doing that same thing.
La Crosse, Fla.
Lake City, Fla., Sept. 30, 1916. Editor The Free Press:
The people of Florida are growing weary and disgusted with all this gigantic humbugery.
In the coming election, November 7, there should and will be the most determined effort to rebuke and defeat this "court gag" rule and "recount" process by which the second choice candidate is trying to defeat the Democratic nominee of the people. Such detestable tactics as'adopted in this "recount contest" is enough to disrupt the Democracy of the "Solid South."
Meet every Wednesday evening at 8 o'clock in P. 0. S. of A. hall, Herkimer building. Visiting brothers cordially welcomed.
The Same Oid Story.
"What prompted you to marry Miss Brown?"
"Miss Brown."-Exchange.
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Automobiles for HireG. B. Mobley, Northwest Corner Laura and Main, phone 104. Automobile TiresDouble Tread Co. One-third price. See them. 911 Hogan, phone 506. Bicycles and RepairingRamis Cycle Co., No. 10 West Ashley, phone 1951. Custom ToilorsAlderman Co. Suits to individual measure. 647 W. Bay, pjhone 1311.
Wm. L. Mallette. Suits to measure. $15 and up. 622 Main, phone 3274. Dry Goods and Ready-to-WearF. W. Butler & Co., Men's and Women's Ready-to-Wear, 637 W. Bay,
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Eye Glasses and OpticianJ. H. Keen, Expert Oculist, No. 50 W. Forsyth, phone 4726. Furniture and House FurnishingsNewsom-Kennedy Furniture Co., 429 W. Adams, phone 4428. Hats Renovated and BlockedHavana Hat Co., Old Hats Made New, 145 Broad Street, phone 7533. Pressing and CleaningWin. L. Mallette. All work guaranteed to please. 622 Main, phone 3274.
Valet System. Expert Cleaners. 109 W. Adams, phone 2859.

PhotographsStar Studio. Individual and Commercial Work.

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ShoesR. H. Jones & Co., Fine Shoes at a Bargain. 26 Broad St., phone 7016.
J. B. Dixon Shoe Co., Classy Footwear, 1114 Main St., phone 4887. Paints and HardwareStinson & McGowan, 141 Broad St., phone 1603. Real EstateJohn D. Bishchoff, No. 10 Baldwin Bldg., phone M-2659.
J. V. Burke, Florida Lands, No. 8 Baldwin Bldg., phone 4581. UndertakersBurns & Campbell, 45 W. Church St., phone 1539.
Bring this ad with you. All kinds of Photograph and Commercial Work Attended to Promptly.
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(Continued from First Page)
Another Voice: Knott is threatening it I (Loud applause.)
Mr. Hodges: What newspapers are threatening the Democratic party today?7
A Voice: The Times-Union!
Mr. Hodges: I have in my pocket the records to show, a document to show where the danger to the Democratic party comes from, and I am going to read it to you. (Applause.) I have an editorial published in the morning paper in this city yesterday morning. It claims to be the greatest Democratic daily in Florida. It proposes to give to you, gentlemen, to give to the people of Florida your Democracy. It supports William V. Knott. It supports, or is not supporting, Wilson for president. Now, listen:
"The New York World employed the services of Louis Sibbold, a trained observer, and sent him into the doubtful states and others to collect material for an authoritative forecast of the prospect for the political campaign. This report has been made, and is the most instructive for the light it gives on the hopes entertained at Democratic national headquarters. No doubt is felt as to the votes of the Southern states. These are given to the Democratic nominee as a matter of course without investigation as to the temper of the people. Many of them (speaking of us) many of them loved McKinley; Roosevelt especially appealed to some, and we all admired Taft (think of that), but they voted the Democratic ticket. This will do while the candidates advocate Democratic pr Inciples, but how much longer-(The Times-Union sounds the note)-how much longer will we vote for Democratic candidates for president? Since the South cannot elect a Democratic president, where shall other reports be obtained? (And then the Sibbold report tells us; then it copies from the Sibbold report. We are taking about what the TimesUnion says. Then it goes ahead.) President Wilson has not hesitated to violate pledges and promises made on the platform on which he stood as a candidate, promises and pledges he accepted as personal and binding in 1912. Will he be more loyal to the Democratic platform of 1916? Confessing in advance his obligations to the Progressive and Socialistic voters, will President Wilson during a second term consider himself a Democratic official? lie has declared that the Democratic party is only the instrument through which he serves the people; or he has declared himself free of all the bonds of Democratic faith and principles."
"Now, gentlemen, this comes from your local morning paper, the greatest Democratic daily in Florida. It tells you that Knott is the nominee. It tells you not to vote for Wilson. Are you going to be bound by it? It has unbound you. It has struck the shackles off you, so you can vote against Wilson, the regular nominee, but it is going to try to tie your hands down to a court decision to support William V. Knott for governor, (Applause.)
"Now, gentlemen, I haven't got any of these recounts. It is no use to discuss them. We all know. Every citizen in Florida knows how damnable and how dishonest they have been conducted. We know. (Applause.) We know how the contestant stood up and had read in the Supreme Court a letter signed by him saying, 'Yes, you cna strike ot Madisn countyy' That

to court-you have all been to court. You have seen court trials go on, and you have seen a lawyer* bring in a witness and set him down before a jury, and the court, and ask him something. Now, no lawyer will ask a witness a question unless he knows the witness is going to tell something good for his case, but the lawyer on the other side says, 'I object,' and the court says, 'State your objection,' and they state it, and it is there for the court to decide. The court decides that that witness cannot speak. Do you stand up in the back of the court room and say that that court is -partial? No. The courts' hands are bound. We have rules that are handed down to us from old England gov. erning the introduction of testimony, and those rules must be applied.. Many times courts feel a sentiment to override and overrule those rules and hear this witness, but when clients who want to win their cases on technicalities and quibbles have their lawyers to object, the court has to sustain it, I feel satisfied that -the Supreme Cour wanted to hear the testimony of old man Jack Knowles of White Springs about how those ballots had beet changed, that he had marked and had identified by putting a cross mark or some kind of a cross mark on them, I believe those fellows wanted to heai it, but William V. Knott and his lawyers objected and the court's hands were tied, and they had to sustain it Mr. Knott is the man to be condemned, He is the man that has acted undemo cratically. He is the man, and going to the polls, gentlemen, I take care ol it, as I said, but I have no criticismat to make of the Supreme Court. I be lieve they acted fairly, and I know th4 people of Florida will act fairly.I know what you wiUl do. Sidney J Catts has been the nominee of th( party. Sidney J. Catts will remain

Catts will be elected governor of Florida on November 7th, 1916!" (Prolonged applause.)
In opposing the Davis substitute, Mr. Adams said:
Mr. Adams: I desire to oppose that substitute, because, Mr. Chairman, while it may be the opinion of you as chairman of this committee, and all other gentlemen upon this committee, and honestly so, I take it, that Mr. Knott is the Democratic nominee, still there are other members of this committee, likewise hundreds of citizens of Florida who do not consider Mr. Knott to be the Democratic nominee of the party in this state. Now, Mr. Chairman, in the primary I was under personal obligation to another candidate, and I voted for Ion L. Farris and Sidney J. Catts. That was the devil of a mixture, but I voted for it (laughter), but, Mr. Chairman, the people said to my friend, Farris,' "We don't want you now for governor." I regretted that result. The people said in substance by their ballots cast by the honest Democracy of this state that "We want Sidney J. Catts" and the Can-assing Board sitting in session at Tallahassee gave him his certificate of nomination signed by the proper official. The gentleman over there says that Mr. Catts was busy circulating petitions to get his name on the ticket as an independent. Did you hear of Mr. Knott doing that? No, he didn't have time. A man can't handle a lot of recounts like Mr. Knott did and at th esame time take up time to get petitions. (Laughter.)
You will recall, Mr. Chairman, and I call the gentleman's attention to it, too, that immediately after the primary election Mr. Catts in a- statement, stacked away back among the patent medicine ads in the TimesUnion, where his statements generally appear in that sheet, said in substance that the majority was small,1 but "I am now the nominee of the party, and if Mr. Knott had been elected by one vote over me he would receive my unqualified and unequivocal support as the nominee of the Democratic party. (Applause.) He made that state, but, Mr. Chairman, before the State Canvassing Board ever made, proceedings were under way, plans were being considered as to the course that Mr. Knott would pursue. He said so in the papers that he was considering the course that he would pursue, and throughout this entire state, why hundreds, yes, thousands of loyal Democrats look upon Sidney J. Catts now as the Democratic nominee, and not Mr. Knott. They look upon him as the nominee of the Supreme Court of this state.
Now, Mr. Chairman, I have the tmost respect for the distinguished gentlemen who preside over the Supreme Court of this state. I believe that they are honest men, but, as my friend Hodges says, they are bound by a set of rules. They were handed up some proof there, I presume, that they could not get away from. I presume, personally those gentelemen are all supporters of Mr. Knott in a political way, but I suppose they would divest themselves of that in sitting as judges upon this question, but you know, Mr. Chairman, you Know a fellow can see a lot more in favor of his man than he can in f-avor of the other fellow's man. Possibly that is it. They saw the law their way, and I presume they are honest in their opinion. I give them credit for it, at least, because I don't think that they would stultify themselves by being dishonest ini the high positions that they hold.
Now, Mr. Chairman, over here in LaFayette, the land of hot hominy, ha-mgrv, saweet potatoes and syrup,

cratI-f propose tovote _fo rthe-nominees regardless of whether I like them or not. Possibly I'do not agree with some of Judge Taylor's views as exIpressed in some of his opinions, but, .by. gum, he is the nominee, and I am going to stay by him, and I think 5Sidney J. Catts is the nominee, and I am going to do the same thing by him.
Mr. Bowden: It seems to me thal this committee, beginning with Judge 8Adams, continuing with my friend 0 Hodges and my friend Davis ovei Here, all the way down the line, has
got beyond itself. The intent of this committee and what-it was called fox
has never been stated by the chairman, and why give in to all this as tc who will be the nominee, and who iE Going to be on th eticket and thal
-stuff? And another thing I would r' like for the chairma nto explain i She has a few minutes, how long since
-the State Democratic Executive Coins mittee of Florida has been called to.
gether to pass on questions already t settled by th esovereign people, todgether with the Supreme Court? Now, Sit seems to me that all of this is pre. Mature, and I don't see where this
r the Supreme Court, whatever it ma3 I- be?
I- Mr. Hodges: I believe in the greal 8 people of Florida. (Loud applause.:
-I'believe'the people have nominated a man, and I let nobody vote me* nol even the Supreme Court. The Oni 9 right that I have is to cast my vote
and I am going to cast it like tht SDemocrats of Florida want it cast.
. Mr. Bret (of Walton County): Md e Chairman, I find that I came here la. pi boring. under a mistaken idea. M3

this meeting was to draw the Democratic party nearer together; that it was in danger. Since hearing the speakers pro and con, I am thoroughly convinced that I had a misunderstanding as to the intention of the meeting. I see here by the vote that was taken that it does not voice the sentiment of the people. I speak from West Florida. I -know the conditions of that country. I see the vote taken here, the committeemen that are present have expressed themselves largely in favor of endorsing Mr. Knott as the Democratic nominee. If this meeting has not the right to name the Democratic nominee, then, as I underst and now, this case is still pending, and won't be decided until 2:30 today, but will that do for the people all over this state? What impression will that make? It won't make, as I see it, an impression that ought to go abroad. We are Democrats. We should be here fighting for one cause as one man. The vote that has been taken shows that there are men here in favor of endorsing Mr. Knott as the nominee, and you can go back into the counties that I know about-I only know from hearsay-in the southern part of the state, but you can take the representation here to represent the people, and that vote will be more than double to the reverse of what has been shown by the vote taken. Now, what are we here 'to do? We are here to harmonize and draw the Democrats of this great state together; but the acts of this committee, gentlemen, speaking comparatively, is to drive the Democratic babes further away from home. You take a man that is not a Democrat, and the present conditions and the present procedures are offering temptation where virtue is weakening. Now, why is it that men of sense, men that claim to represent the state's best interest, represent Democracy? I am a common Cracker from West Florida, and to express myself, I see this thing in this way. Gentlemen, the true sort of Democracy is not represented in this body today. I believe in Democracy, I believe in the nominee, but, gentlemen, we just as well to submit to it and let the people of this great state be' heard. We can't dictate the policies this body cannot do that; neither can the Supreme Court govern a man's vote. They won't stand for it. So Iwhy not act sensibly in a day like this? It behooves us all to stand together as one man. We cannot run. this thing by rule and ruined disposition. The people are wrought up and I say this in all candor, men that are in the position, that have power, if they love Democracy, if they love Democracy, if they love their ,great state, they will show it by their actions and begin now. Let the people be heard.
Voices: Question! Question!
I Mr. Slater Smith (of Clay County): I wish to call this committee's attention once more to the resolution. You have had the pleasure of resoluting in tthe spring, and the people have had the pleasure of sending you back to rescind your resolution, and once again I call your attention to the f act that the people we elect in November will repudiate the action of this comtmittee if you endorse the resolution offered by the gentleman. You can't crucify Democracy or the people of this state on the altar of the Supreme Court of the state, nor on the supiposed authority of a Democratic Executive Committee.
i Mr. Duval: May, I ask a question? Who introduced the first resolution this morning?
Mr. Hal W. Adams: I did.
Mr. SaterSmih:-I wnt to+cal

Mr. J. P. Simmons (of Volusia County): I have the call received from our chairman. This meeting is called for the adopting of such measures as may be proper and necessary in the aid of the election of all nominees of the Democratic party. I wish to say right here, just as long as we continue to introduce resolutions namIng Mr. Knott, or Mr. Catte I expect to vote against them, until we can introduce a-resolution that is directly for the good of the Democratic party, leaving out the names of all individuals. I expect to stand on the same basis that I have been voting on this morning.
Another thing I wish to say is this: I don't think our chairman should be allowed to rule a resolution out of order and have the committee to dispose of that resolution in that manner. Any resolution that comes before us this morning should go direct to the comnmittee. I voted against the first resolution that was put up in the sense of the chairman, but not in the. sense of the resolution. I mean I neither voted for nor against the resolution. I voted against the ruling of the chair. If the resolution had come up I don't say how I would have voted. Until we have a resolution before the house, leaving out the names of all individuals, I expect to vote against them this morning.
Mr. Bowden: I beg your pardon, once more. I don't see how this committee can pass resolutions of any kind except in a general nature. I want to call the attention of the chair and the other members of this committee to the fact that this committee, as has been said here- this morning, in no way speaks the will of the people at home. I know that people that are voting on this Knott case aire
going to find that 75 per cent of the peoplTe at home are going to vote regardless of the state committee (applause), and I can hardly understand why any resolutions from this com-, mittee, except of a general nature,, take care of the Democratic party.
So far as I am concerned, I supported Mr. Farris for governor, and voted for Mr. Knott second choice. That part is all well and good. The' sovereign people of Florida said somebody else. Now, so far as Judge Taylor is concerned, and Frank Clark is concerned you and I and every man within the hearing of my voice knows better than-that. We know there- Is

ida and that congressional district nominated those two men just like they did Sidney J. Catts, and they are going to vote for them.
Mr. Leving: I am an old blacksmith from down in the county that I have been living in since 1884. 1 am a good Democrat, beginning in South Carolina by birth, in Georgia, and thirty-three years a resident of Florida. I know one thing, anybody can tell you if we do just like we had to do, we can lead the horse to water, but I be dog-goned if we can make him drink. I don't pretend to say anything about what the voters of the county will do, one way or the other. I know what men will do. I don't say anything about the merits of the case before the courts. That is not my province. Nobody has said that either one of these gentlemen was not a Democrat; so far as their party affiliations are concerned, Mr. Knott and Mr. Catts stand upon the same platform-Democratic. But while I declare my Democracy to be the equal of anybody's in the state, I don't put a collar around my neck and put a staple in it and give in to any man. (Applause.)
Now, gentlemen, it is a condition here, not a theory. We are here to harmonize the Democratic party, and steam-roller methods will not accomplish the work. You have the majority in this committee-you have demonstrated that. You can do anything you please; you can fill a trough f ull of good, cool water, but I will be blamed if you can make the horse drink out of it. You can put the brand of Democracy on anything, but that doesn't make it Democratic. Let it go before the people, and let the people settle which of those two men is the choice of the Democracy. That is my opinion. Gentlemen, I want to see harmony prevail; we are going nowhere this way, we are going backwards, really. I am not in favor of any resolutions committing anybody to any particular man's candidate. I say this, as the question stands today, in my judgment, over 75 per cent of the common people of the state of Florida recognize that Mr. Catts is as much en titled to consideration as they have for Mr. Knott-and I have just one thing more to say, if your steam-roller methods prevail, and you go on and tie the people's hands, you will precipitate the thing that goes to land Mr. Allen of Key West as governor of Florida.
Is on sale at the following newsstands:
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It is hereby ordered that you appear to the Bill of Complaint filed herein against you in the above entitled cause on the 6th day of November, A. D. 1916, and The Free Press is hereby designated as the newspaper in which this order shall be published once a week for eight consecutive weeks. WITNESS my hand and seal of office this 25th day of August, A. D. 1916.
(Seal.) Deputy Clerk.
Solicitors for Complainant.
Nellie Payne Order of
Vs. Service By
0. H. Payne. Publication.
To, 0. H. Payne, residence unknown:
It is hereby ordered that you appear to the Bill of Complaint filed herein against you in the above entitled cause on the second day of October, A. D. 1916. and The Free Press is hereby designated as the newspaper in which this order shall be published once a week for eight consecutive weeks.
Witness my hand and seal of office this 2nd day of August, A, D. 1916.
(Seal) FRANK BROWN, Clerk.
By A. J. CASSIDEY, Deputy Clerk.
Lionel F. Brothers,
Solicitor for Complainant.
COUNTY, FLORIDA. S. Joseph & Bros.
Evelyn Simmons.
To Evelyn Simmons, defendant, and all persons interested in the above entitled cause.
You and each one of you are hereby required and ordered to appear to the above entitled action of attachment on or before the first Monday of October, A. D. 1916.
The Free Press is hereby designated as the newspaper in which this order shall be published once a week for two months.
Witness my hand as Judge of said Court of Duval County, Florida, this 28th day 0f July, A. D. 1916.
(Seal) G. A. STEPHENS,
Justice of the Peace. S. K. David,
ag9tAttorney for Plaintiff.
Laura E. Mitchell Order of
Vs. Service By
"Arthur T. Mitchell. Publication.
To Arthur P. Mitchell, Jacksonville, Fla.:
It is hereby ordered that you appear to the Bill of Complaint filed herein against you in the above entitled cause on the 2nd day of Oc~tober, A. D. 1916, and The Free Press is hereby designated as the newspaper in which this order shall be published once a week for four consecutive weeks.
Witness my hand and seal of office this 21st day of August, A. D. 1916.
(Seal) PRANK BROWN, Clerk.
By 0. H. NOLAN,
Deputy Clerk.
Butler & B'oyer,
Solicitors for Complainant.

A JOINT RESOLUTION Proposing an Amendment to-Sections 2, 8 and 4 of Article VII of the Constitution of the State of Florida, Relating to Census and Apportionment.
Be it Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
That the following amendments to the Constitution of the State of, Florida be, and the same are hereby agreed to, and the same shall be submitted to the electors of the state at the general election in 1916, for ratification or rejection:
Section 2 of Article VII is hereby amended so as to read as follows: "The Legislatures that shall. convene in the year of 1919 and thereafter shall consist of one member of the Senate from each county in the State, and of one mpmber of the House of Representatives from each county In the State for every ten thousand of population therein, or the major fraction thereof where there may be a major fraction left over after dividing the whole number of population of the county by the number ten thousand; provided, that each county shall have at least one Representative and that no county shall have more than three Representatives in the House of Representatives. The members of the House of Representatives shall be eleted for a term of two years and the members of the Senate shall be elected for a term of four years, except as hereinafter provided. The election for members for each branch shall be at the same time and places. The term of office of Senators elected in 1916 shall expire on the first Monday in April, 1919. The term of office of Senators elected- In 1918 from the following counties, to-wit: Escambia, Gadsden, Jackson, Leon, Madison, Lafayette, Taylor, Columbia, Nassau, Duval, Marion, Sumter, Jefferson, Lee, Monroe, Putnam, Volusia, Hamilton, Alachua, Broward, Liberty, Hernando, Pinellas, Brevard, Pal- Beach and Levy, shall expire on the first Monday In April, 1921; all other Senators to be elected in th eyear 1918 their term& of office shall ',xvir. on the first Monday in April. 1928. All members of the House of Representatives elected at the general election in 1918. their term of office shall expire on the first Monday in April, 1921, and thereafter the term of office of all members of the House of Representatives shall commence on the first Tuesday after the first Monday In April next succeeding the election. At the general- election in 1920 and thereafter, all Senators, to be elected shall be elected for a term of four years, the term to begin on'the first Tuesday after the first Monday in April of the following year, except that when a new county Is created, the Legislature shall at that time fix the length of the term of the first Senator to be elected therefrom at two or four years with the end in view of keeping the number of old Senators in a balance with the number of the ne.
Section 3 of Article VII of the Constitution is hereby amended so as to read as follows:
"The regular session of the Legislature that shall meet in 1917 shall apportion the representation in the House of Representatives, as in this Article provided, which apportionment shall be based upon the last census taken by the State of Florida or by the 'United States, which ever is the last taken, in the several counties of the State, and those that shall meet every ten years thereafter shall apportion the representation in the House of Representativs in the manner in this Article provided, which apportionment shall be based upon the last census enumeration taken by the State of Florida, or by the United States, which ever is the last taken next before the Legislature so apportioning the representation shall convene."
Section 4 of Article VII of the Constitution is hereby amended so as to read as follows:
"When any new county is created by the Legislature it shall be entitled to one Senator and one member of the House of Representatives, until the next enumeration provided for in Section 5, of this Article, that shall be taken after the creation of 'the said new county, or until the next census enumeration that shall be taken by the United States of America after the creation of the said new county, whichever shall the sooner be taken after the creation of said new county, when it shall be entitled to one member of the House of Representatives for every ten thousand of population, or the major fraction thereof the same as other counties."
A JOINT RESOLUTION Proposing an Amendment to Section 1 of Article VI of the Constitution of the State of Florida as amended by Joint Resolution No. 2, Acts of
1893, Relating to Suffrage and Eligibility. Be it Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
That the following amendment to Section 1 of Article VI of the Constitution of the State of Florida be, and the same is hereby agreed to and shall be submitted to the electors of the State at the general election in 1916 for ratification or rejection: Section 1. Every male person of the age of twenty-one years and upwards who is a citizen of the United States at the time he applies to register shall be deemed a qualified elector at all elections under the Constitution of the State of Florida; provided, that he possesses the following additional qualifications: He shall have resided and had his permanent home and place of abode in the State of

ister, shall present to the registrtion Officer certificate of his naturalization, or a duly authenticated copy thereof. Sec. 2. Upon the adoption of this amendmenat to the Constitution, the Legislature shal enact appropriate laws to carr the purpose of this amendment into effect.
The votes east in Compliance with said proposed amendments, and the canvass, *decla

and other evidences of indebtedness, of its own and other persons and corporations, for profit; to buy, sell and otherwise deal in lumber, timber, and other building material; to engage in the business of contracting and building; to build, construct and maintain roads, bridges and streets; and to do generally any other act or thing necessary or incident to any of the foregoing classes or kinds of business, for profit.
ARTICLE III, Capital Stock.
The amount of the capital stock of this corporation shall be Five Thousand ($5,000.00) Dollars, to be divided into five hundred shares of the par value of ten dollars per share All or any part of said capital stock may be paid for in'real or personal property, labor or services, at a Just and fair valuation thereof to be fixed by the Board of Directors.
Duration of Corporation.
This corporation shall have corporate existence for a period of ninety-nine (99) years.
The business of this corporation shall be managed and conducted by a president, secetary, treasurer, and a board of directors comuposed of not less than three nor more than nine stockholders, and such other officers an the Board of Directors may determine; the number of directors elected at each annual meeting of the stockholders shall determine the number of directors of this corporation for the ensuing year. A president, secretary and treasurer shall be elected by the Board of Directors from among their number, at their first meeting after the annual meeting of the stockholders. The names of the officers who shall conduct the business of this corporation until the first annual meeting of stockholders are as follows: Charles M. White, President; L Wiliami Adams, Secretary and Treasurer. The offices of secretary and treasurer may be held by one and the same person when duly elected. The Board of Directors for the ensuing year. and until first annual meeting of the stockholders, shall be Charles M. White, I. William Adams and David M. Gornto.
The annual meeting of the stockholders of this corporation shall be held at its offices in the City of Jacksonville, Duval County, Florida, on the second Monday injFebru!a ___ecifi ,t flhmeeting a Ba -I ULc
ors shall be elected. The annual meeting of the Board of Directors shall be held on the same date as, the annual stockholders' meeting, at which meeting the said board shall elect all other officers of this corporation. At such meetings, any other matter of business properly coming before the same may be attended to.
The By-laws of this corporation shall be adopted, repealed or amended by the Bopcd of Directors from time to time, at any of its meetings regularly held.
The highest amount of indebtedness to Which tthis corporation may at any time subject itself shall be Fifty Thousand Dollars.
The names and residences of the subscribers and the amount of capital stock subscribed by each are as follows:
Charles M. White, Jacksonville, Florida, 249 shares.
I. William Adams, Jacksonville, Florida, 248 shares.
David M. Gornto, Jacksonville. Florida, 2 shares.
In witness whereof, the said incorporators and subscribers have hereunto subscribed their names.
County of Duval-se.
Before me this day personally came Charles M. White, I. William Adams and David MI. Gornto to me well known and known to be the persons who subscribed the foregoing Articles of Incorporation, and severally acknowledged before me that they executed and subscribed the same for the uses and purposes therein expressed.
Witness my hand and official seal this the 6th day of September, A. D. 1916. (Seal) A. L. MILLER
Notary Public. State of Florida.
MY commission expires April 11, 1917.
To J. A. Lankford, defendant, and all persons interested in the above entitled cause: L You and each one of you are hereby required and ordered to appear to the above entitled action of attachment on or before 16th day of October, A. D., 1916.
*The Free Press is hereby designated as the newspaper in which this order shall be published once a week for one month. Witness my hand as Judge of said Court of
*Duval County, Florida, this 26th day of Au-

records -of Duval County, Florida.
Together with all and singular the tene-ments, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in anywise appertain*ing.
The same to be sold to satisfy said decree.
ROBERT T. DEWELL, As Special Master.
Soliceitors for. Complaints.

NOTICE OF ELECTION. to the same regulations aid restrictions as are
provided by law for general elections in the Whereas, the Legislature of 1915. under the State of Florida. Constitution of 1885, of the State of Florida. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set did pass three Joint Resolutions proposing my band and affixed the Great Seal of the amendments to the Constitution of the State State of Florida. at Tallahassee, the Capital. of Florida, and the same were agreed to by this the twenty-fifth day of July, A. D. 191L. a vote of three-fifths of all the members (Seal) H. CLAY CRAWFORD.
elected to each house; that the votes on said Secretary of Stat..
Joint Resolutions were entered upon their respective Journals, with the yeas and nays Notice is hereby given that the undersigned
thereon, and they did determine and direct that subscribers will apply to the Governor of the the said Joilnt Resolutions be submitted to the State of Florida, at Tallahassee, Florida, on electors of the state at the General Election October loth, A. D. 1916, for the issuance of in November, 1916. Letters Patent to WHITE-ADAMS, upon the
Now, therefore, L, H. Clay Crawford, Sec- following proposed Articles of Incorporation: retary of State of the State of Florida, do CHARLES M. WHITE.
hereby give notice that a 1. WILLIAM ADAMS,
will be held in each county In Florida on Tues- ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION OF
day next succeeding the first Monday in No- WHITE-ADAMS.
vember, A. D. 1916, the said Tuesday being the We, the undersigned, do hereby associate
SEVE TH AY O NO EM-ourselves together for the purpose of organizSEVE TH AY O NO EM-ing and becoming a body corporate under the
BER laws of the State of Florida, and for that
for the ratification or rejection of the said purpose have agreed upon and adopted the Joint Resolutions proposing amendments to following Articles of Incorporation: the Constitution of the State of Florida, viz: ARTICLE 1.
The name of this corporation shall be
A JOINT RESOLUTION Proposing an WHITE-ADAMS, and its principal place of
Amendment to Section 9 of Article 9 Of-the business shall be in the City of Jacksonville, State Constitution, Relating to Taxation and Duval.County, Florida, but it may establish and Finance. 'conduct branch offices and places of business
Be it Resolved by the Legislature of the State at such other places in or (and) out of the
of Florida: Saeo lrd smyb eie'adpo
That the following amendment of SectionStaef oridath armayobeDeiredanr pro
9 of Article 9 of the 'Constitution of the State.,ie o yteBor fDrcos
relating to Taxation and Finance is hereby ARTICLE IL
agreed to and shall be submitted to the elect- Nature of Business.
ors of the State for adoption or rejection at The general nature of the business or busithe next general election hereafter; that is nesses to be engaged in and transacted by this to say, that Section 9 of Article 9 of the Con- corporation shall be as follows: To buy, sell, stitution of the State be amended to read as lease, rent, mortgage, own, improve and othfollows: erwise deal in all kinds of real and personal
"Section 9. There shall -be exempt from property, both as owner and agent of owners; taxation property to the value of five hundred to conduct agencies for rentals, loans, and indollars to every widow that has a family de- surance; to borrow and lend money, and to act pendent on her for support, and to every Per- as agent or trustee for others in such matters; son who is a bona fide resident of the State to buy, own, erect, maintain, and operate and has lost a limb or been disabled In war light and power plants, water plants, sewer or by misfortune. systems for profit; to buy, sell and otherwise