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The free press

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The free press
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Free press (Jacksonville, Fla.)
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Richard Hargrave <1916> ( Editor )
J.B. Hodges <1917> ( President )
A.B. Cargile <1917> ( Editor )
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Lake City, FL
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Index Printing Co.,(Inc.), <1917>
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Published in Jacksonville, FL. by the Free Press Publishing Company, <1916>.; Richard Hargrave, Editor.
General Note:
Published in Lake City, FL. by the Index Pub. Co., <1917>.; J.B. Hodges, President and A.B. Carsile, Editor.
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Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

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Full Text
THE

FREE

PRESS

A PAPER DEVOTED TO LIBERTY THROUGH LAW

The Free Press iP like any others
paper publisher ,&x1merica. It occupies a field relyy to itself.

Vol. I. No. 41.

JACKSONVILLE, FLA., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1916.

Subscription $1.00 Per Year. Single Copy 5c

D. C. McMullen
Flays Pendleton
Tallahassee, Fla., Sept. 9, 1916.
Mr. A. D. Stephens, Chairman, Headquarter's Committee, AntiSaloon League, Jacksonville, Fla.
Dear Sir:
At a meeting of the Headquarters Committee of the AntiSaloon League in June called to consider the partisan activities of Kent Pendleton in the name of the Anti-Saloon League, and at which meeting each member present condemned Pendlton's actions, I stated that if it was the intention of the Headquarters Committee to retain Mr. Pendleton as superintendent, that I would
no longer act as president.
When the Headquarters Committee forced Mr. Crooke to
resign as superintendent without ever mentioning it to me, I tendered my resignation as president. In the convention here last spring, Mr. Crooke was commended for his excellent work, and my resignation was rejected. Mr. Pendleton came to the convention here and offered his services as superintendent, and knowing that he was personally favorable to Mr. Knott's candidacy, I said if he was to take the superintendency it must be with the understanding that the organization should not be used in the interest of any candidate for governor. I was assured that this would not be done, but that the superintendent would bend his energies to the election of a legislature favorable to submission, since the governor had nothing directly to do with that matter.
I have it on the word of Mr. Hudson that Pendleton told him
such was the understanding and that he, as superintendent of the
league, was observing it.
Later complaint was made to me of Pendleton's responsibility
for the report in Tampa that Mr. Hudson had withdrawn from the race. I wrote him about it, and in a reply in which he admitted he had told in Tampa something Mr. Robert McNamee had told him
about Mr. Hudson's ,withdrawal, he used this language:
"In view of the fact that you are such a warm personal friend
to Mr. Hudson, and I sustain the same relation to Mr. Knott, and further that these two gentlemn are both so thoroughly above reproach, I have felt very keenly the responsibility of conducting the affairs of this office in a manner that could not contribute the
slightest injustice to either of them."
But.two or three days before the primary, through some influence from some source, when it was too late for candidates done ;an injustice to ,have time to counteract it, he abandons that keen sense of responsibility, violates the understanding upon which he was elected, disregards his statement to Mr. Hudson, and issues misleading information in Mr. Knott's behalf, with help and stationery for which Hudson and his friends and Catts and his friends
help pay.
: It has further been charged by Senator Bryan and not to my
"qyvledge denied, that the information sent out, was gotten unby.
tzwjomt eforts of the Anti-Saloon League and the lquor people of
", To show that I was not a party to the partisan activity of the Anti-Saloon League, I publicly expressed my condemnation of the use that was made of the teague organization. Later at the meeting of the Headquarter's Committee held in June, at which I was present by request, I stated that owing to the fact that the work of the league under Mr. Pendleton had been partisan, and that the ,Jeague name had been associated with the work of Mr. P. A. Holt and the liquor people, I would not act as president if Mr. Pendleton was to continue as superintendent. I am sure you will agree that each member of the committee present disapproved what had been -done, and so expressed themselves. No action was taken for lack of a. quorum. At a later meeting I was advised that no action was
taken for the same reason.
Upon my return home last Friday I learned that Pendleton
was still acting as superintendent, and at once wrote you for information as to what had been done. So far I have received no reply. This morning I see in the Metropolis that Pendleton says I will be asked for my resignation. He overlooks the fact that I do not hold my position under him, but under the Board of Trustees of this state. However, as I said more than two months ago, I would resign if Pendleton was continued as superintendent, I shall be as good as my word. I presume this outburst from him is due to my public statement as an individual, and not in the name of the league and without reference to the league, that I would support Mr. Catts for governor unless Mr. Knott or his friends explained the apparent crooked methods by which the Greenville vote was changed from Mr. Catts to him. If Mr. Pendleton doesn't want me as president of the league because I demand an explanation of whale I believe to be an outrageous fraud, then it is evident that he pro poses to continue the policy he has pursued in the past, and if the Headquarters Committee want to keep such a man as superinten
dent, then I insist that my resignation be accepted.
While I regret any publicity of my name in connection with
that of Pendletoon, I am going to make this public in order that the people of Florida may know that the Headquarters Committee who alone has power to discharge him, is responsible for.his fur
ther retention.
And also to assure the people that I shall in no degree abate
my efforts against the liquor traffic.
Yours very truly,
D. C. McMULLIN.
MORE HAMILTON COUNTY EVIDENCE.
The following affidavits show continued evidence of fraud ii
Hamilton county-it may not convince "Me an' the Spreem Cort,' but it will convince distinterested people if any be left in Florida:
State of Florida, Hamilton County.
Before me a Notary Public, personally appeared G. H. Hunt
one of the inspectors of the primary election held on June 6th, 1913 at White Springs, Hamilton County, Election District No. 3, whi does hereby make affidavit that the count of ballots as cast in saii Precinct No. 3, for governor as recorded by the inspectors on Jun 6th, and the recount made by them on August 22nd, does not cor
respond.
I make further affidavit that the count as recorded on Jun
6th was correct to the best of my knowledge and belief, and I fur ther believe that the ballots counted at Jasper on August 22d, 191(
are not the same as counted by us on June 6th, 1916.
The fact is that, in the recount there was 26 second choic
votes for W. V. Knott that were not voted as recorded on June 6t1 and the marking of these 26 second choice votes seemed to hay been marked by other writing other than the voters of the r-espec
tive ballots.
J. H. HUNT.
Sworn to and subscribed before me at White Sprnigs, Fla.
August 28th, 1916. T. A. EDWARDS, N. P.
My commission expires April 14, 1917.
(Continued on Fourth Page)

The Beast Raises His iead
The Papal Image Appears
The Catholic church is not in politics-O no! But what about "The Catholic Societies?" They now claim to have 3,000,000 votes-and make the insolent and thinly veiled boast that with these they will soon be able to have their own way in everything they undertake in America!
"The purposes of The Church"-to the papists these are all "for good"
-but to free peoples we know these purposes of "The Church" to be the death knell of liberty, both of thought and of consciencei and finally to the person even. "The end justifies the means"' is the Jesuitical dogma that makes traitors and often even murderers of many-remember John Wilkes Booth? Do you realize that this. Jesuitical murderer saddled his guilt and that of the Jesuits whom he dared not disobey UPON THE PEOPLE OF THE SOUTH?
"The Church" not in politics-iindeed!
But it is for the sake of the domination of this self-same "Church" and its grasping dogmatism and usurpation of all earthly power that these "Catholic Societies" exist and the Roman Catholic Central Verein is sent here to defy American ideals and threaten liberalism in the highest places of our occidental civilization. Well is it for us that this despotic suggestion and challenge comes to us in Teutonic garb, where we have had the most odious and lasting examples of a degree of despotism that sickens the man whose soul is his own and who would die rather than give up his freedom. POPERY is behind that Teutonic despotism. The dogma of the Divine Right of Kings is the counterpart of The Infallibility of Popes-both are blasphemous fallacies and intolerable despotisms. Mankind will throw them off-they are going down in defeat, steadily and surely before the advancing Rights of Man.
So "The Church" through her Federation of Catholic Societies" (all papal at that) has 3,000,000 votes in America, has she? Judging the future by the past in the light of authentic history, we know what that means. What will you say to the proposition that, since we know that the doctrines of Popery teach, inculcate and brand in the mind and soul of the victim the dogma of PAPAL INFALLIBILITY; that "THE POPE IS KING," etc., and papists must heed first and last in all things the call and mandate of the Vatican, we are nearing the time when these 3,000,000 aliens in our midst must choose between the pope, whom they secretly hail as their king (who sits in the Vatican at Rome) and the Stars and Stripes Forever? Yes, it is coming to that and rapidly. "Ye cannot serve two masters." Ye cannot be absolute Papists, proclaiming "the Pope is King," and be also devoted Americans with nothing above your Nation's Flag! The moment you try to line up this "Catholic Vote" of 3,000,000 alien Americans for the well known "purposes of the Chuich," which you say is "for good," but, we know it is not for the good of American freedom, you will find yourselves up against a growing sentiment in America which will force you to take a stand either for or against absolute allegiance to America to the exclusion of all other ties-if you remain with America and liberalism, you will be happy and fortunateif you decide against your country you will be in part at least disfranchised and surely disqualified by law to hold office.
The fellowing news item proves all we have ever alleged as to the invasion of politics by the Papist organization, and delivers us of further responsibility for the truth of what we have spoken or written on the subject. AND WE SUPPOSE H. R. 264 by Representative Lindberg, -of Minnesota, after serving a farcical purpose, has been put to sleep, has it? Better reintroduce it in all its provisions and carry out its plan of a thorough investigation, report and heroic action, or not even those 3,000,000 H. C., R. C., S. J., K. C., A. 0. H., H. 0. G., S. F., C. C. V., and various other sorts of papal
votes, can or shall save the dallying congressmen from a long stay at home. This thing is going to be "investigated" in the district of every congressmanin the constituency of every senator. Read again this brazen challenge to Americanism:
CATHOLICS URGED TO CAST BALLOTS
IN INTERESTS OF THEIR PRINCIPLES.
German Element Appeals to Delegates to New York Convention to Unite
Their Influence at the Polls In November-Claim to Hold Balance.
New York, Aug. 22-Catholic voters throughout the United States were urged at a mass meeting of the German Roman Catholic Verein here tonight to unite and cast their influence at the polls "where it will best subserve the high and holy principles" for which Catholics stand. James F. Zipf, president of the Ganzaga Union of St. Louis, who made the appeal, declared there were at least 3,000,000 Catholic voters in the country-"quite a force," he said, "for the bringing about of proper conditions."
"That," Mr. Zipf added, "is almost as many votes as the Republican party polled at the last general election. That very number places in our hands a power to be used in works of social civic betterment, in works of mercy and of peace. When the Catholic arm is uplifted let it be for construction always, but never for destruction."
Mr. Zipf asserted he was not contending for a religious party, but for an organization of Catholics to bring into public life a spirit of liberty and tol*eration.
MUST BE ORGANIZED.
[ 'We must be so organized," he declared, "and under such leademahip thai
upon occasions we speak forcibly as one man and say to the black-hand of religious intoleration, hypocrisy and hatred, 'thou shalt not enter here; so far shalt thou go and no further.'
Views of some of the leading priests and laymen of the Catholic church upon the situation in Mexico received further definition today in the convention here of the American Federation of Catholic Societies, the Catholic Young Men's National Union and German Catholic Central Verein.
The annual report of Michael J. Slattery as president of the Young Men's t organization today was expected to deal with the condition of the church in Mexico, as Mr. Slattery is well informed on this subject, having spent fifteen years as a mining engineer in that country.
Business sessions of the federation and its allied organizations were held B this morning when some of the subjects discussed in the reports of President t Joseph Frey, of the Verein, and of Anthony Matre, secretary of the federation were.taken up for action. Mr. Matre in his report yesterday criticised som of the features of modern life which he regarded as evil, including phases of the moving picture business, easy divorces, improper plays and attacks o Christianity. A woman's session of the federation was a feature of the morn ing program.
At the, woman's session Bishop P. J. Muldoon, of Rockford, Ill., urged e about 200 delegates to join every state, county and city civic movement il their communities.
"Don't stand back and say 'we Catholic women are not wanted and won't get a fair chance,' he said. "My own experience is that people of other be liefs not only are fair to us Catholics but are most anxious for us to join witl e them in their work for the general good. It is only too true, I am sorry to
say, that we Catholics have not done our part in social service work.
JOIN CIVIC MOVEMENTS.
"Unless Catholic women join civic movements we will see Socialistic
Atheistic and or at least merely humanitarian principles in operation in this country."
Miss Helen Haney, of Randolph, Mass., who presided at the women's
meeting, made a similar plea. "Are we Catholic women going to sit quietly by," she said, "and allow the Young Women's Christian Association to for n ever usurp the Christian ame in association welfare? We must do work o even higher character; whatever the sacrifice, if Catholic womanhood is eve
to interpret itself to the American mind and make manifest its claim to su periority'. Let us open our club houses and our league houses to our youn
girls."
t, Successes of the central powers were attributed today by Rev. F. Better 3, S. J., to the ability of the Teutonic mind to assimliate knowledge, in an ad 0 dress, before the German Roman Catholic Central Verein, on "Knowledge I dPower."
Father Betten appealed for more education among Catholic Germans i: e this country.
L- Bishop Currier, of Cuba, addressing the German delegates on Mexica:
affairs, said :
S "Everything that is dearest to the hearts of Catholics in Mexic% has bee desecrated by ruffians. Our government is fraternizing with Villa and Car
-' ranza and is causing our church a great injustice."
, The delegates adopted a resolution asking the' passage of the federal eni Sployes' compensation bill.
e "Socialistic, Atheistic and mere--humnitarian," hey?9 What insolence
SWhat blasphemy! They know that when the tree people speak God speaks e "in the name of humanity" is also "in the name of God !" The sort of pry if[fanity we have quoted from the foregoing "report" is what sets God's peopl against Romanism and popery!

ALIENIST. GENTLEMEN.
A conventional, euphoneous term A clas, of human males now almost denoting a peronwhoprofesonallyextinct, whose quality once consisted aientrie ason who profession et onis-ed
alienates friends and kindred. in being "too gentle to work."-Ob.

Opinions of Press
andPeople
THE PEOPLE WILL NOT SWALLOW IT.
(Tampa Tribune.)
The expected appeal to the Supreme Court to order a recanvass of the vote for Governor has been made. An alternative writ has been issued. It will now be up to the Supreme Court to decide whether or not it will set aside the nomination made by the people on June 6.
Before making such decision, the court should inquire into the facts and circumstances of the recounts which have been made under its previous order.
If satisfied, from such investigation, that the charges of fraud and tampering with ballots are well-founded-and we don't see how the count can find otherwise on fair and impartial inquirythen it should refuse to interfere in the verdict of the people already rendered and the cetrificate of nomination already issued.
In the event the Supreme Court orders the State Canvassing Board to recanvass the vote, it will be the duty of that Board, we presume, to investigate the charges of fraud. An interesting question would arise in this recanvass-would an order to recanvass the vote for Governor mean a recanvass only in those carefully selected precincts where recounts have been made or would it mean a recanvass'of the entire vote of the State?
Clearly a partial recanvass would not be a recanvass of the primary vote. If Mr. Knott is to be permitted to claim the nomination because in a count of a certain number of precincts designated by himself, his figures show a small lead over Mr. Catts, even the most rabid Knott partisan will have to admit that this is a monstrous injustice to Mr. Catts. If in a certain number of counties a gain is shown for Mr. Knott, who is to say that a certain number of other counties would not show a gain for Mr. Catts?
The only fair and just recount, as The Tribune has insisted, is, a recount of the entire vote of the State. No reasonable man can have faith in the honesty or' correctness of a recount which shows gains for only one candidate out of five. The candidate who received the most votes, who was the choice of the greatest number of voters, surely ought to gain proportionately with his accredited vote in a correction of ordinary and legitimate errors in the original recount. All the mistakes made by the inspectors and clerks were surely not against any one candidate. In such errors of counting, it stands to reason that their effect would be about equal as between Mr. Knott and Mr. Catts, and the correction of-these errors ought to give fully as many gained votes to one as to the other.
Yet we are asked to believe that practically every one of these alleged errors in the original count was in favor of Catts and against Knott-a result which any accountant or expert clerk will tell you wouldn't happen with such invariability once in a thousand times.
* With five-candidates figuring in the accounting, and with a perfectly honest and accurate recount, each of the five should make gains or suffer losses in proportion to his total vote-that is, if there was the large proportion of errors that Mr. Knott claimsand the recount should show proportionately the same result as the original count. But such a result would not serve the purpose of the contestants-hence we find that in the precincts recounted, the gains are almost exclusively for Mr. Knott and the losses almost exclusively for his opponent, the man he is striving to defeat. This, we hold, is so near the impossible as to be absolutely unbelievable.
If Mr. Knott is given the nomination for Governor on a recount 3 of certain precincts, without regard to the vote of the rest of the I State, these certain precincts designated by himself and known in advance to his friends and partisans, we do not hesitate to assert that the Democrats of Florida will resent it, that those Floridians
- who believe in fair play and a square deal, whether they were originally for Knott, Catts, Wood, Farris or Hudson, will condemn it, t and the decision of any court or any board that so rules will be overwhelmingly reversed by the people at the polls in November.

AS OTHER EDITORS SEE IT.
Kent Pendleton and the Tampa Tribune.
Miami Metropolis: When any worthy cause is discredited by the actions of individuals supposed to be assisting it, unscrupulous people are sure to use it as a weapon against the cause itself. Thus one of the main things in planning for the success of any movement is in the selection of the right men and the women to lead it.
If a church is afflicted by an unworthy pastor or unprincipled layman, who use the cloak of their church membership to hide their crooked dealings, the church itself is looked upon as representative of hypocrisy and rottenness by people who measure goodness by rituals and signs. Untold harm is done a church by the retention of leaders who do not command the respect of good people and it is the same of any "Cause," working for the uplift of humanity.
Just now, for instance, the state is watching the outcome of the behavior of Kent PendJton, employed as superintendent of the Anti-Saloon League. The people of Florida are rapidly coming to a realization of the worthlessness of the saloon. They are seeing that the liquor traffic brings nothing of benefit to the people, and is the base of much of the misery and the wickedness of the world; and they are making ready to vote it out of Florida forever. But this action will be grievously delayed if the impression is spread that the Anti-Saloon element is composed of crafty politicians and corrupt compromisers.
Hence it is exceedingly deplorable that Keit Pendleton should have made the spectacle of himself that he has in his meddling with the June primary election, and his mouthings since the Catts nomination.
In one letter, published in a Florida newspaper on August 31, Pendleton uses three columns in a raging tirade against the Tampa Tribune and its editorial writer, Edwin Lambright, expressing himself in bungling sentences that seem to preclude such a lack of rhetorical ability as to make his readers wonder where he usually gets his sermons when he is in "regular service for the Master," while his extravagant charges and his slangy phrases mark him as an intemperate, uncultured individual, willing to say anything to bolster up a position which has undoubtedly .been harmful to the entire anti-saloon cause in the state.
Mr. Pendleton must know that his cheap talk measures up at a great disadvantage with Ed. Lambright's cultured writing. He must know that where he has one admirer, the Tampa Tribune has thousands who read The Tribune every day in the realization that it is one of the best newspapers in the Southern states, printing news fearlessly and in almost every instance championing the things that are good, until it is more of a power in Florida than the Anti-Saloon League ever will be.
(Continued on Fourth Page)

The Free Press has the Largest Circulation of any weekly newspaper published in Florida.




THE FREE PREtSS, THiUIRSDAY, SEPTEMBEXR 14, 1916,
fessional political aspirant-no wonder he is satisfied with this de- part of any political plan. Any objection raised to his discourses
'T h e F ree P L es s cision of our Supreme Court! has been lest he should overstep the bounds of interstate propriety
........... ..... .. ... This situation is undoubtedly most pleasing and satisfactory -his allusions to our local politics are preachments rather than
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY THE FREE PRESS to the professional political corporation henchman, for in it he campaign activities.
PUBLISHING COMPANY sees a returning tendency toward the old, antiquated and obsolete When you bring Heflin here or any other out-of-the-state poli. .. ....__.... ..convention system, where he once reigned supreme. This politi- tician, you have gone one too far. We advise you not to do it.
Room 8, Baldwin Building. Phone 4581 cal hack-this outcast political adventurer of the old convention Mr. Heflin, just come on in if you dare! Bring in as many more
era-will meet with bitter disappointment-the wheels of time and from across the line of this state as you care to bring or as may RICHARD HARGRAVE ..............---................... Editor progress turn forward, not back-we are headed toward the per- care to come. We will show you such a lively time of it that about
Box 1482, Jacksonville, Fla. section of the primary system under the leadership of Sidney J. one audience per each will cook every one of you and teach you
Catts-not toward the restoration of the past and the obsolete not to meddle thus in the affairs of a sister state, whatever the Entered as second-class matter December 23, 1915, at the Postoffice at Jack- and corrupted convention practices. If this decision suggests the inducement or the motive. A word to the wise should be suffisonvilie, Fla., under the Act of March 3, 1879. return of the political party convention, no wonder the political ex- cient. Are you wise?
Subscription Price ......................................................................$1.00 Per Year ploiter is satisfied with it! If you doubt the wisdom or the accuracy of this advice, just
Advertising Rates Furnished on Application. The justices of our Supreme Court, in their opinion in this communicate with a liberal number of our Crackers at random
case, seem to have been wholly oblivious to the rights of anyone throughout the state of Florida and ask them to tell you candidly whomsoever save and except the "murmuring, defeated, disgrun- and fairly if this warning we have given you is overdrawn. Don't
C4 CUNI9 tled candidates for office, who would not and could not be cheerful take our word for it-ask the Crckers-we merely advise you oI
losers." This opinion seems to have entirely ignored the rights of the public attitude toward your contemplated meddling! over 3,600 inspectors and clerks to have their double official oaths
Jacksonville, Fla., Thursday, September 14, 1916. and official acts accepted for anything as against the suspicions of MORE ADVANCE DOPE.
"a murmuring, defeated, disgruntled candidate for office," supA RECTIFICATION. ported solely by his own single oath! It seems to have completely By the time this goes to press, the anticipated and muchly predicted
ignored the right of these 3,600 inspectors and clerks to proceed verdict of "Me an' the Spreem Cort" will have been rendered in the recount (or rape-count) cases instituted by Bolter Knott to wrest the electorate from
Certain friends of Associate Justice J. B. Whitfield have brought our with their individual businesses and affairs, without having the people and seat himself as dictator on the throne of Florida. True, it beof our recent editorial entitled "mIsa li IELD, T aiseN," apa re over them the possibility of being forced to drop their individual gins to appear that the boaters and Little Willie have overlooked a hand and
a few weeks ago in The Free Press. in that editorial we put certain ques- businesses and affairs and going to their county seats to recount that it may now be too late to try to play it. Just what that hand was and tions to "Mr. Whittield, citizen;" and while no assertions were made, nor were votes in an effort to satisfy such "defeated candidate for office, is we will reserve till later to tell you about.
But as indication that even Bolter Knott realizes that he has overlooked
the questions mere veiled assertions, they appear to have conveyed tle pre- who would not and could not be a cheerful loser." It :seems to a hand and that his astute counsel, too, have overlooked and failed to play sumption of fact that might serve as assertion, in this light they might have have truly ignored the right of the voters and other residents of it, what is this we hear? We have had the tip that it has soaked through caused confusion.
in fact, two very reliable parties had told us they had seen one whom this or any other state to have the results of their primary elec- the dense hides of these boaters that Greenville Bill may just have to lose, as they took as a matter of course to be Judge Whittield himself in Jacksonville tions finally settled and determined, and rest and peace resulting. his case is simply too bad and too untenable to carry the weight placed upon at tle very times and places suggested by the questions put in that editorial. This opinion seemingly substitutes for security, peace and it-the consternation and the dismay apparent upon the gang is calculated to Thuskconfrontedawithathempesitivenaaway his heof twohtrustworthy informants,
and realizing tihe importance of verifying or refuting the reports, our only satisfaction, the alternative of political turmoil, litigation, dissen- of it! Ah, the perfidy of it! Alas, the certainty of it! Alack, the terror ay toreat the trtwas tof askvterquions. This te did, in the best of' sion, dissatisfaction. It causes a poor man, no matter of it! Must it come? Must what come? Why, the triumph of the people, way to get at the truth was to ask the questns. show competent or desirable for an office, to hesitate to offer him- of their electorate, of their chosen leader, Catts, the limitation of the courts to
fatha ndinalhuerspcttaaldocene.honcmetnto dsralefruneficroheittstpofrcimthertwopoerspeethlecgntonannoniraioronheed. cr
But subsequent investigations and inquiries have developed a singular co- self as a candidate, for fear the race might be close, and the base, their own proper sphere, the recognition and confirmation of the Catts erincidece tha explans thewholematterquite learly It tanspirs that"defeaedicadidat" mighiclosentianctetofnominaiontanethemcmpleteelimiationtftKnot? lWellBBill
incidence that explains the whole matter quite early it transpires that "defeated, disgruntled candidate" might harass the poor man and it is too bad for your selfish schemes, but it looks like it must be so. instead of Associate Justice J. B. Whittield having visited the political his people with continuous litigation and endless expense, for Recognizing this, the papists, ringsters and corporation counsel have hit
supposed,it was a brother ofthenjudge,Mr. B. C. Whitlield, stateabankaex- which the poorer candidate would have to sacrifice his manhood or upon another beautiful scheme-so rumor gives it to us. We hear and would aminer under Comptroller W. V. Knott, who was probably seen in the Knott principle to the money power in order to win. If the deliberate not be surprised if it be true, though we do not know, that a young man was headquarters here and owing to his close resemblance to Judge J. B. Whitfield, intent had been to establish oligarchy instead of democracy; to sent overi to Alabama to hook up with a K. C., an S. J., or something or other
ou infrmntswee mstkeninther an branded with a cross; that tjh6 pair then muck-raked "Ole Catts" ad libitum
our Tnormants were mistaken in their man. They were positi -e that thev Inlace the opportunities of political preferment for office wholly whe-e once he made things stand around; that they brought back some 42 saw judge Whitfield, so it call only mean that they did not distinguish betweei".. -p .. ...%weeoc emdetig tn rud ht hybogtbc oe4
saw Jde "itefdt eotcan.iiytanthatrthyiid no distinguish etee within the grasp and control of the money power, nothing could pages of manufactured evidence, consisting of irresponsible gossip made up of the identity of the brothers. But another party is said to have addressed the .. .. ...
visitor as "Judge," whereupon the visitor is understood to have corrected the have favored it more than this decision aforesaid! half truths and innuendos and mortared up with suggestive falsehood. the
speaker and established the visitor's own identity as that of B. C. Whitfield, The most arrogant of money kings, and the most bitter oppo- intent and purpose of which is manifestly scurrilousat the expense of Catts; state bank examiner under Comptroller Knott. We believe this to be the nent of primary elections could not possibly have dealt a more as- impose upon them exactly as they imposed upon the courts, thinking perhaps probable solution of the matter, otherwise we have the positiv-e statements blo
of two reliable parties who know Justice J. B. Whitfield, opposed to the toundingblow at the rights and liberties of a people than this said that the same sophistry which was overlooked by the courts will be overequally positive statements from friends on behalf of the judge contradicting decision; and unless the voters on November 7 next shall elect the looked by the people, the court of last resort.
, Well, the bolters will find that court ethics are just like a majority V~f
our informants. At the same time, we cannot make any of these corrections Honorable SIDNEY J. CATTS to be the next governor of the state votes cast which have produced an undesirable nomination (as the loser sees as a positive fact. That is why we asked any questions at all, for the public of Florida by the most overwhelming majority ever given a candi- it); once let these ethics and the majority be weighed and measured and is certainly entitled to have the facts as far as possible, and the only way to
find out is to ask. adt i date here it will be "good bye" to the poor man in Florida politics, numbered, and it is a mathematical proposition to manufacture enough eviWe cheerfully and voluntarily give this information at this time, which and everybody knows and can see it. dence or mock respect to overcome and override both. They knew just what
is our first opportunity after getting our latest advice; and we tender appro- IT SIMPLY MEANS "SAY DOLLAR FIRST!" the court ethics permit and how many the majority is; and as 'there is in
1Forida no law to punish Knott and his gang for manufacturing the evidence
priate apology for any confusion or embarrassment these conflicting reports after the primary'with which to impose upon the courts; and no law in Alamayeful ocayonedwhecauseour eitoaleorent areonyThe THE DEATH GRAPPLE! bam to prevent the cross-backs from raking up enough gossipful muck to
grateful to anyone who calls our attention to any error, at any time, in The ________try to impose upon the people of Florida, all after the primary and the award
Free Press, and we shall always be glad to correct the same, as we desire to of the certificate of nomination, why, they may just as well go ahead and
keep this paper as nearly free from errors as possible. We also give a cor- The "murmuring, defeated, disgruntled, candidate for office" t-y it on-it might go, and in fact has gotten by the courts as regards the reaction even a more prominent space in The Free Press than we may have of governor of Florida, the bolting, ballot-box busting "Honorable" post-primary ballot tampering process of proof manufacture; but will it get given to an original statement later found to have been based oi erroneous Knott, without waiting "about ten days" as announced by by with the people as regards either the manufacture of post-primary evidence information-it is our ambition to be boi.h correct and fair. Only tl.I1 hog altbxbsigo the crigiin-ospflmc ro lbm
fallible mortals become finally unfair, and the unfair only are those who re- i him through the press, filed his petition to obtain an alternative through-ballot-box-busting oi the carting in of gossipful muck from Aiabam? fuse to admit and correct an error when made acquainted therewith, writ of mandamus against our State Canvassing Board to reas- 'ha rnd-a hnwo t,-nio-1t-nod "othio," th+ nvofo 1-ho hilo f n -

SHRAPNEL.
Hey, there, Bill! You've overlooked a bet! Too late now.
Here's to The Zolfo Truth-well named for it speaks Truth!
Look out, Tom, don't you cross that line! Thus far and no further. It might have worked once in "Alabam," but it won't work in Florida.
That State Canvassing Board will prove the existence of frauds as alleged-you bet! But will that satisfy "Me an' the Spreem Cort?" It had better!
What is the program now? To resort to some sort of hand-picked "Commission" as they did in the case of the Hayes steal, and endeavor to railroad Bolter Knott right over the Canvassing Board and the courts at the same time? Pick a fair, disinterested commission and we will meet ye half way!
Monotony? Well, we should say so! But so long as Greenville Bill keeps up his monotonous and diabolical bawling for something he should neither ask nor have, this "monotonous" fight will go right on until the people win and the gangsters are ready to admit their defeat and that of their candy-kid, Little Willie, alias "Greenville-Bill."
Now, Greenville Bill, we have proven frauds on your gumshoe artists in so many quarters that their tales and allegations are worthless to any fairminded, disinterested person. Your recount is worse than worthless-it is tainted, diabolical and infamous. Aren't you a little bit afraid to keep up such a game as that? "Don't monkey with the buzz saw".too long.
"K. C.," did ye say? Whaddye mean "K. C.?" Kansas City? Nope. Knock Catts? Yay! We know ye're tryin' that. 0 yes! "KNOTT CAUGHT"--That's hit! Betcher life he's caught on his own hook-in his own net. Knights o' Columbus? Waal, we heer thet name tew a lot from the crowd that's altus plastered over with "K. C." here an' "K. C." there, but we don't know nor don't keer what ab6ut 'em in this yere fite; only we beleeve most of 'em dew hate CATTS and are tryin' tew git him wun way 'r anuther."
Forty-two pages of muck raked up to pile on "Ole Catts"-where did they get it and where is the rake? What sort of dirt is it? Will it raise beans to spill? Is it more productive than Florida muck? Is it worth a hang to honest, fair-minded men? Can it be used for anything but defamation of character and low down blackmail? Who "brung" it in?' What do Floridians know or care about pedlers of such stuff as that to use against a man already well known and understood everywhere? Are the crossbacks so bad off as that to find a way of overturning the government of the people of Florida? Well, we rather guess Florida can run her own government for a long while yet. Bad crowd on top just now, but "jest set tite," neighbor-don't rock the boat unless you can swim-we shall soon clean house and the people will provide you a government just as good as that of "Alabam" or perhaps better, since their biggest and best man living has become eligible here, where he has just b6en slated for governor, and is going into office-"we should worry!"
"SAY DOLLAR FIRST!"
The money power and the opponent of primary elections both have good reasons for being perfectly satisfied with the opinion of the justices of our Supreme Court in the case of the "Honorable" W. V. Knott versus the Inspectors and Clerk of Precinct No. 2 and the County Canvassing Board of Putnam County, Florida, in the matter of our recent primary election, since referred to as "the Knott-Catts fight."
This opinion virtually allows any "murmuring, defeated, disgruntled candidate" for a state office, who can raise money enough, to file 52 petitions, in our 52 counties, and obtain 52 mandamuses to open and recount as many of our 900 precincts as he may select, and at such times as he may select after our State Canvassing Board has canvassed our returns and determined the results.
This is exactly all that the money power could wish, for the

semble and canvass amended returns from Madison, Hamilton and other counties, which the gum-shoe lawyers of Bolter Knott finally succeeded in forcing certain inspectors, clerks and county canvassing boards to send up.
The State Canvassing Board, instead of "lying down, rolling over and playing dead" when th. alternative writ was served on them, answered and stated in substance and effect that there is no law requiring them to reconvene and recanvass; that they had'already convened, canvassed and declared the result on June 27th last as required by law; and that there is fraud in the amended returns from Madison and Hamilton counties which they should not be required to canvass.
The daily press informs us that "the Supreme Court disposed of the first questions in short order;" but the last question caused a pause for consideration! The court allowed Bolter Knott, the "murmuring, defeated, disgrunteled candidate for office, who "would not and could not be a cheerful loser," a space of time until Tuesday, September 12, A. D. 1916, in which to join issue; and then the Supreme Court deliberately placed the burden of proof upon the State Canvassing Board to show frauds as aforesaid. This of course will require time for the State Canvassing Board to prove.
In the meantime, however, there is nothing whatever to prevent this bolting, "murmuring, defeated, disgruntled candidate," "Greenville Bill" Knott from keeping up his gum-shoe mandamusing of doctored precincts as heretofore throughout the state, in his godless efforts to impose upon the courts and sandbag the people's electorate with these so-called "votes" intended to overcome the now known majority of "Ole Catts," obtained fairly under a vile primary law and certified as correct by the State Canvassing Board
-which we predict will prove the frauds alleged and beat Bolter Knott and his satellites to a frazzle! They will do this even though Knott keeps up his endless running in a primary all his own, otuside of the pale of law and order, in which he still thinks he can win, even if compelled to eliminate the precincts wherein frauds are discovered, as fast and as often as Bolter Knott is caught with the goods as he was at Greenville. By the way, people, how long are you going to tolerate and facilitate this fabrication of "evidence" that will satisfy the Supreme Court, but will not satisfy you? The Supreme Court, being our servant with limited powers, is helpless and powerless against this manufactured and lying evidence; but we, the people, being masters, are NOT so helples. Why don't you make Bolter Knott shut down his damnable factory of evidence? That is up to you!
Thus we are made to continue on, for the benefit of an unworthy bolter who is being allowed to run alone in that second primary which began after June 27, 1916, and continuing now, is to continue "until God knows when," notwithstanding that the second choice vote provided by law was for the admitted, avowed purpose of having one only, single, solitary primary election!
One thing the Democrats of Florida must not lose sight of: as fast as Bolter Knott manufactures his lying evidence with which to impose upon the courts, the voters like those of Greenville who signed the affidavit of 74, must if necessary go to Tallahassee and bear witness Linder oath to prove and puncture those fraudulent "amended returns" as fast as presented for consideration. It is an outrage-a calumny-an atrocity, we know, thus to be dragged like captives of some war lord to distant places to defeat this political monstrosity called KNOTT in his rapacious -attempts upon you, the innocent and good people of Florida; let us bear it this time-and when the imposter is roped and thrown, BRAND HIM and show him the road!

"defeated, disgruntled candidate, unless himself a rich man, would
very naturally call upon the money power to obtain the money with I INTERSTATE INTERVENTION.
which to pay lawyers' fees and court costs in obtaining these mandamuses and recounts-and we all know what that would mean--if So, Greenville Bill, is it true as we have heard and would like the money power puts up the money with which to institute and to know, that you and your "counsel," failing to get what you want pay for these proceedings, the money power would run the office through "Me and the Supreme Court," or even if the decisions bear of any candidate they had thus elected. No wonder the money out your brazen predictions in your own favor, are expecting to power may be well satisfied with the opinion and decision just ren- bring in one Heflin from Alabama and several other alien agitators dered in the Knott-Catts fight! from across the line to help you sandbag "Ole Catts?" "We
This opinion is all that the opponent of our primary elections should worry !"
could possibly desire, for it keeps our people in a continuous tur- But hold-are you aware that such activities as that are enmoil, and subjects our inspectors, clerks and canvassing boards to tirely improper and border on an infraction of states' rights? We call away from their business duties and homes at any time, and is anticipate you here in saying that the case of Billy Parker does not very naturally calculated to disgust our voters with the primary apply-he is an itinerant lecturer who charges or collects remunerelections. The opponent of the primary system is oftenest a pro- ation for his ministrations and comes here voluntarily-not as a

postor within the temple of the court and during court sessions; the presumed dignity of the place and the office protect saint and sinner exactly alike at all times-even when injustice be imposed through manufactured evidence, upon both courts and people; but with the open court of the common people, at all times in session., it is different. Tbe people do not know the parties who have gotten up or brought in this gosiipful muck, raked from the gutters of cross-back political avenues-but the people of Florida do know CATTS and will call every lie you tell!
The common people must and will have the truth, and are harder to impose upon than the instituted courts themselves-for an instituted court is circumscribed in its authority-cannot make laws at all, and must. not assume an attitude of superiority to the will of the people; moreover, the instituted courts must be guided by "the law and the facts"--the law as existing and the facts "AS PRESENTED"-there's the rub! This "as presented" business opens the door to the impositions to which Bolte: Knott has resorted. With the court of the common people this thing will not go downthe people have many ways of informing themselves and they have in this case become informed far in excess of the limitations of the instituted courts, which have clearly been no match for the impostors manipulating Knott's ungodly "contest." The people -are therefore more competent to decide this case than are the courts. Moreover, the people have all power and authority, whereas the courts are limited in their sphere.
THE PEOPLE CAN, IF THEY CHOOSE, BOTH MAKE AND ENFORCE A LAW AT ONE AND THE SAME TIME.
. The courts cannot do this-they cannot make a law at all without usurpation of the rights of the ruling people.
The court is bound by its ethics-it can render a verdict, or pronounce a sentence or issue a writ, but cannot enforce one of these mandates-the people can order and enforce orders. Now, when Bolter Knott and his henchmen undertake to appear before the court of the common people with all this muck from Alabam against Sidney J. Catts, a greater man than Alabama has left standing in her midst today, the impostors aforesaid may-encounter, something more vigorous and immediate than the mandate of the court to be executed at a future time; they may get anything from aged eggs to cobblestones in the face--or better if these be not enough! Don't try us too farthere's a limit.
A FAITHFUL STEWARDSHIP.
The visit of the press representatives to Sandhill stockade last week was in many ways a striking and very gratifying affair. Not least among the gratifying features was the spirit of good faith in which the County Coinmissoiners of Duval county have taken the people into their confidence and have undertaken at first hand to show and to demonstrate to them that everything the commissioners are giving us is "all wool and a yard wide" in point of quality and value. How different this from the conduct of the Port Commission in the matter of the municipal docks, on which near a million and a half have been squandered and a suit now pending by a judge to confiscate whateyeri is left from the loot! Captain Hubbard alone, who has invited the taxpayers to see the docks and has shown them personally to several, is the only man on the Port Commission who has the spirit of fairness and candor that the Board of County Commissioners manifested in their luncheon at Sandhill stockade.
What is behind this rather unexpected overture from the county officials? Is it not a feeling of satisfaction that they themselves have faithfully performed. The very spirit of that sort of a conscience carries enlightenment to the inmates of that stockade and makes the punitive restraints entailed an agency of betterment to the convicts. The whitened, cleanly walls and fences
-the fresh, healthy grasses now covering the lawns-the sanitary baths and the fine cooking equipment-the scrubbed floors and airy quarters, now purged of all vermin and pervaded by sunlight most of the time-all these things go further to impress upon the delinquent convict the superiority of a law abiding life of contentment and industry-of respect for the rights of others and veneration for the law-of a sense of responsibility for property in custody and the necessity for thrift, industry and improvement of timethan the lash or the galleys, the dungeon or the cage. These unfortunate convicts are really deprived of but one thing-liberty to go and come and do what they please-and in return for that privation, they get this deep and impressive experience as to better ways of living and doing.
The Sandhill stockade is up to the standards of the best penal institutions anywhere. On this 46 or 47-acre tract, what was but two or three months ago a pig-sty of filth, has been suddenly converted into as neat an experimental garden farm as one ever saw for the money. Slightly less than $2,500 expended upon it has reclaimed the fields in cultivation; has erected elevated barracks, perched on pretty white brick columns with shining pine floors laid on the ground space; commodious kitchen, dining halls, shower bath, double cauldrons for cooking, machine shops, stables, fencing, whitewashing, installation of hammocks and the removal of all unnecessary equipneut; the utter banishment of every form of vermin or uncleanliness; the maintenance of splendid commissary and stores; the provision for religious services and in fact everything to convert-a malefactor again into an industrious, useful, law-abiding citizen. The electric light plant cost about $500.
The dormitory has a capacity of 150-there are about 140 inmates.
It will be remembered that the present Board of County Commissioners was selected to do things-and accepted trust under those conditions. They came together as practical strangers, with a common purpose. The wiles of political intrigue were tried on them in vain. The pressure of the forces of invisible government was applied to them-also in vain, for they were able to fulfill the trust they had undertaken and needed no invisible government or caucus to tell them what to do. They proceeded to DO what they had come there to do and that they have done it well-beyond expectations even-is apparent from a single look at the Sandhill stockade. If neglect of duty characterized the work of the County Commissioners, it would show up hereproofs of neglect, filth, evasion olf trust, indifference to the welfare of convicts and their reformation, would be very apparent at the stockade. None




THE FREE PRESS, THURSDAY, SEPTEM BER 14, 1916.

of these signs appeals. No convicts complain, nor do they look or act like
complainants.
If the average farm boy could but have such training and such quarters
as this without the forfeiture of liberty and respectability-but he can't! It takes system-iron clad discipline-inexorable responsibility for property, for rule, for time and for punctuality, and these are purchased at a terrific price
-liberty and free, guiltless conscience. Here are found the conditions ot that "efficiency" which have made Germany merely "an army in possession of a country." Here are found all the conditions that make the minds of some men turn toward the dogma of Socialism for results that are to be had only at the price of liberty, freedom and individuality. The collective effect upon the senses of the visitor rather declare "this is the best way to live and farm"-but we know the price is too dear-only in a jail or prison or in the Teutonic armies or their equivalent can these results be obtained-and while we might try to persuade free peoples to live and do this way collectively in order to get such results, we know they will never do it short of some benevolent despotism that shall be as powerful as the seclusion of a stockade, and from which all freedom-loving men will turn away as is their right to do.
Even with the extra costs of this constructive period, the average cost per inmate has been but 70 cents per day. It will be reduced to. about 20 cents in time.
POEM.
Dedicated to W. V. Knott.
On the seventh of November
That's the day when we must vote;
So get registered and ready,
Then, while waiting, please take note
That some things have really happened, Far too had for honest men,
Still some Knott-ites seem to think we're Bigger fools than they have been.
Now, for instance, look at Trammell,
He was running in the race;
So was Gilchrist, Wall and Bryan,
But they didn't reach the place.
These three last ones saw their finish,
When the votes were counted out;
Each one, man enough to answer
"Trammell wins" without a doubt.
Here's our compliments to Hudson,
Who with Wood and Farris, too;
Tried to win, but when defeated
Humbly bowed and said "We're through." Knott was beaten just like Hudson,
But refused to bow his head,
When he failed to get elected
'Cause folks wanted Catts instead.
Knott seems bound to rule or ruin,
Stealing votes must be his pride,
But for every vote Knott pilfers
. Catts wins twenty to his side.
When the votes are cast again, Knott,
Though you recount all you may,
Surely Catts will be elected,
And we'll send you home to stay.
-W. J1. CONWAY.
Green Cove Springs, Fla.
THE PENETRATION OF THIS CAMPAIGN.
As an educator, as a means of revealing to the people their own powers and responsibilities and as a reminder to officials of their own powers, duties and limitations, this campaign, while fraught with loud lamentations from the oligarchs and political breadliners about the extinction of "real leaders" and the runaway indiscretion of the imbecile populace, is nevertheless a blessing in disguise. We find the masses now realizing what all these things mean
-how they touch the life and liberties and welfare of every child and adult
-how certain simple remedies and safeguards are within the, reach of the people themselves and it is the fault of the people themselves if they do not reclaim and hold the reins of their own self-government against oligarchy and political debauchery.
Behold the Honorable Alex St. Clair-Abrams trying to hark us back to mediaeval ideals of propriety, authority and fitness! He assumes that the people simply are not smart enough to attend to their own affairs-but forsooth Alex St. Clair-Abrams knows all about it if the people would just consult him at every turn and hang upon his every word! What will we do when the "smart Alex" are all gone-they cannot live with us forever. The moth-eaten dogma of the unfitness of the populace can live about as long in
- intelligt people-as intelligent only as the people of Floridaas the turbercular bacillus can live in tne-suniight! Both are alike-they insidiously prey upon the vitals of human beings.
And here we have Maester Jordan, of Punta 'Gater or somewhere, expounding upon the philosophy of leadership! Trying to show that it is wrong to respect the public as an intelligent governing force-the people, egad, are NOT fit to be the governing force-they didn't choose Jordan in preference to Crawford for secretary of state, ye know-and we're going to the bow-wows, we are, for the want of those stern, forceful, unyielding, hypnotic Dan Webster, Henry Clay sort of fellows that take the people by the snaffle and lift them off of their irresponsible, infantile feet and carry them like so many rabbits by the ears to the places of political and social safety, prepared by "Me and God" for the common herd of humanity. To respect the will of a people-to be able to divine the better aspirations, capacities, aims, desires and possibilities of a common people like those of Florida-and then to place oneself at the head of that mighty host and successfully bring them to where they would and should go-that is not LEADERSHIP-O no! That is merely the triumph of the common herd of free people, who must have arrived through something of the luck of a baby rolling down stairs unhurt.
Well,-for the information of Maester Jordan, he will find, if he but looks back among the anecdotes and episodes of those immortals called leaders now supposedly extinct, that they led by exactly the same signs and forces that have developed Sidney J. Catts before the people of Florida during the progress of this war of the nations, produced, incited, provoked and prolonged. by POPERY, which has long sought to recover AMERICA for the papal dominion, and singularly enough Catts called free Americans to rally around the standard of "Nothing in Florida Above the Nation's Flag;" the rare spectacle of a real LEADER appearing suddenly in our midst and causing the tin-horn aspirants to public incumbency to bend like grass before a swirling hurricane of powerful leadership, is the commotion that has astounded and alarmed Maester Jordan and others, including the Florida Times-Union; don't be alarmed-it will not happen again soon-men of the calibre and power of CATTS are too rare.
However, let us not begrudge the poor, common people- that enlightenment which enables them to rule and choose for themselves their own leaders; let us not seek to belittle their achievements toward a broader liberty and independence. Let us not try to deny the genuinity of the leadership that has developed under the penetration of this campaign and its upheavals.

A STIFF COMPARISON-THANKS.
Chipley, Fla., Sept. 5. 1916. Mr. Herbert A. Felkel,
Managing Editor Florida Record,
Tallahassee, Fla.:
Dear Sir-I am in receipt of a copy of The Florida Record, dated August
31st, which is respectfully returned herewith, unopened and unread.
For your information I will say that I am an ardent supporter and admirer of the Hon. Sidney J. Catts, the just and legally nominated goverernor of Florida.
For the past 25 years I have been voting for the Knott family, believing they were the chosen elect of the people. During the campaign preceding the June primary election I gave this question serious consideration and become convinced that we have many other worthy and competent citizens of our state who could fill an office equally as well as members of the Knott family.
After having supported W. V. Knott these many years, I am surprised and disappointed in him when I find that he is so ungrateful and selfish as to put himself in the attitude of being willing to sacrifice the Democratic party in this state to gratify his ambition to be governor. There can be no question but what Knott was fairly and honestly defeated and he should accept his defeat in the same spirit others who went down with him accepted theirs. Catts will sweep West Florida, and, in my opinion, he will sweep the state. It is freely predicted that W. V. Knott will retire in disgrace to private life after the general election. Thousands like myself will continue to do all in their power to elect Catts.
Returning your compliment, I am sending you herewith a copy of The Free Press, a live, breezy little paper

published at Jackson-ille, Fla. If The Free Press happens to be on your exchange list, you should read it regularly. If not on your exchange, you should subscribe for The Free Press. You will note The Free Press endorses Catts. You will also oblige me by scratching ;my name off your mailing list. I don't want any more Florida Records.
Respectfully,
R. E. KELLEY, SR.
A MINISTER SPEAKS.
Ft. Pierce, Fla., Sept. 3, 1916. Editor The Free Press:
I have received the copies of your paper I wrote for, for which I thank you. And now believing it the right thing to do I wish by way of endorsement and to encourage you in your course as publisher to say that I am in thorough accord with the principles you are advocating and only hope you will stand firm and never show the "white feather" nor "never call retreat." I am 63 years old and never voted any other ticket but the Jeffersonian Democratic or what I supposed to be that. So also did my father before me. Therefore I cannot do otherwise than approve of your course, as it is in accord with Scripture, of which I am an humble independent preacher and believer. Therefore I bid you "God-speed." Wish I could say the same for all other papers, but none that I know of seemingly have the moral courage to call their souls their own, except The Menace, Jeffersonian and American Citizen. Also I may include the Miami Metropolsi. All or nearly all our great ( ?) dailies and "tri-weeklies" seem to be afraid to speak out on some of the most important issues of the day, especially the Catholic question, but let me tell them they were

never more mistaken in their lives be- ensuing year. A president, secretary and treas" h urer siall be elected by the Board of Directors
cause they ate ignoring the pala-Ifrom among their number, at their first meetmount issue, which is, shall the pope ini after the annual meeting of the stockrule America? No one of sane mind holders. The nanes of the officers who shall
objects to the individual and honest conduct the business of this corporation until ithefirst annual nleetiai of stockholders are
opinion of any one on religious ques- as follows: Charles M. White, President; I. tions, for all are guaranteed by the William Adams, Secretar y and Treasurer. The Constitution-freedom of worship, Ioffices of secrclary and treasurer may ie held
by one and the sane person when duly elected.
conscience, speech, assembly and press The Board of Directors for the ensuing year,
-but to have the hierarch- trying to aind until lirst annual meeting of the stockthrottle all or most of these we cannot holders, shall be Charles M. White, I. William tolerate, for they are more precious Adams ant David M. Gornto. than life itself. Shall we as a free lib- Meetings.
erty loving people "lie supinely on our The annual meeting of the stockholders of
backs, until we are tied hand and foot this cor)oatioiu shall be helt at its offices in the City of Jacksonville, Duval County,
and conscience by the galling chains" Florida, on the second Monday in February, of of political Rome? God forbid. How each year, at which meeting a Board of Directit is all to end I cannot foresee. Hon. ors shall be elected. The annual meeting of T. E. Watson said in a recent issue of the- Hoard of Directors shall be held on the sane (late as the annual stockholders' meetthe Jeffersonian that "both sides are ing, it which meeting the said board shall elect arming." If so is it not a literal ful- all other officers of this corporation. At such fillment of prophecy in which it is meetings, any other matter of business properly coming before the same may be attendforetold that "in the last days" peril- ed to. ous times shall come, etc.? I voted ARTICLE VII.
for Mr. Catts and expect to do so The By-laws of tBy-La rs.
again, but Mr. Knott has betrayed the adopted, repealed or amended by the Board
confidence of the people who have in of Directors from time to time, at any of its
the past highly honored him. I en- meetings regularly held.
ARTICLE VIII.
close $1.00 money order for The Free Indebtedness.
Press and will try to get others to The highest amount of indebtedness to which
subscribe. I can only repeat my this corporation may at any time subject itprayer for your standfastness in the self shall be Fifty Thousand Dollars.
cause of the people. Remember the ARTICLE IX.
darkest hour is just before dawn. c, Thnnames and residences of the subscribSs and tle amount of capital stock subTherefore may God bless you and scribed by each are as follows: speed you. Amen. Charles M. White, Jacksonville, Florida, 249
Sincerely, shares.
LIWilliam Adams, Jacksonville, Florida, 249
J. S. COATS, shares.

THIS DEMOCRAT HAS AN IDEA.
Tallahassee, Fla., Sept. 5, 1916. Editor The Free Press:
The State Canvassing Board, consisting of Hon. H. Clay Crawford, secretary of state; Attorney General T. F. West and State Treasurer J. C. Luning were requested to reconvene today for the purpose of recounting or recanvassing the "recount" vote of the "court" and "W. V. Knott," but were unanimously refused on the grounds that the people of the state did not expect or desire the same at their hands.
Of course Mr. Knott will institute his usual court proceedings-mandamuses-but there will be other
chapters to this controversy. Keep
your eye on that board. The people have nothing to fear at the hands of that board-at least part of them.
Furthermore it may be as well to say that the state never produced
straighter men than two' of them! They had rather be right than to be president! Now there is but one more step in this shameful drama of "Honest Willie," and that is to go to his good friends for one more mandamus and then the tug of war will come. I don't speak for the board, but if they do canvass the returns of the fraud recount it will be under duress of the court, let me predict; and furthermore let me say, that if it were for me to choose between the jail and the counting of those fraudulent votes, and thus becoming a party'to the fraud I would say gladly give me the jail, with peace of conscience, rather than a guilty participation in fraud. My knowledge of one, yea two, of that board, leads me to predict that they will take the chances of a jail sentence before theyl will be guilty -ding Mr. Knott in-defeatfingthe will of the people and robbing he who is honestly entitled thereto by canvassing votes stolen" from that gentleman. And I say here and now that the honest people of the state owe -to these two members of that board a debt they will not be slow to appreciate, when the time comes to express it. I would like to name these two gentlemen and would but for needless offence to the other member.
"DEMOCRAT."
PATRIOTIC SONS OF AMERICA.
Meet every Wednesday evening at 8 o'clock in P. 0. S. of A. hall, Herkimer building. Visiting brothers cordially welcomed.
FOR SALE-Seven-room two-story frame house, one block from car line. Will sell at a sacrifice. Phone 5629-J, Springfield.
Notice is hereby given that the undersigned subscribers will apply to the Governor of the State of Florida, at Tallahassee, Florida, on October 10th, A. D. 1916, for the issuance of Letters Patent to WHITE-ADAMS, upon the following proposed Articles of Incorporation:
CHARLES M. WHITE, I. WILLIAM ADAMS, DAVID M. GORNTO.
ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION OF
WHITE-ADAMS.
We, the undersigned, do hereby associate ourselves together for the purpose of organizing and becoming a body corporate under the laws of the State of Florida, and for that purpose have agreed upon and adopted the following Articles of Incorporation:
ARTICLE I.
The name of this corporation shall be WHITE-ADAMS, and its principal place of business shall be ill the City of Jacksonville, Duval County, Florida, but it may establish and conduct branch offices and places of business at such other places in or (and) out of the State of Florida as may be desired and provided for by the Board of Directors.
ARTICLE II
Nature of Business.
The general nature of the business or businesses to be engaged in and transacted by this corporation shall be as follows: To buy, sell, lease, rent, mortgage, own, improve and otherwise deal in all kinds of real and personal property, both as owner and agent of owners; to conduct agencies for rentals,, loans, and insurance ; to borrow and lend money, and to act as agent or trustee for others in sucl matters; to buy, own, erect, maintain, and operate light and power plants, water plants, sewer systems for profit; to buy, sell and otherwise deal in stocks, bonds, mortgages, securities, and other evidences of indebtedness, of its own and other persons and corporations, for profit; to buy, sell aid otherwise deal in ltmber, timber, and other building material; to engage in the business of contracting and building; to build, construct and maintain roads, bridges and streets; and to do generally any other act or thing necessary or incident to any of the foregoing classes or kinds of business, for profit.
ARTICLE III.
Capital Stock.
The amount of the capital stock of this corporation shall be Five Thousand ($5,000.00) Dollars, to be divided into five hundred shares of the par value of ten dollars per share. All or any part of said capital stock may be paid for iii real or personal liroperty, labor or services, at a just and fai- valuation thereof to be fixed by the Board of Directors.
ARTICLE IV.
Duration of Corporation.
This corporation shall have corporate existene for a period of ninety-nine (99) years.
ARTICLE V.
Officers.
The business of this corporation shall be managed ad conlductedl by t president, secretar-y, treasurer, and a board of directors camposed of nlot less than three nor nmre than nine stockholders, and sucih other officers as (lie Board if Dimectors mily determineu; the number of directors elected at eachl annual meeting of the stockholders shall determine the number of directors of this corporation for the

Dasvi( M. Gornto, Jacksonville, Florida, 2 slhares.
In witness whereof, the said incorporators and subscribers have hereunto subscribed their names.
CHARLES M. WHITE,
I. WILLIAM ADAMS, DAVID M. GORNTO.
STATE OF FLORIDA,
County of Duval-ss.
Before me this day personally came Charles M. White, I. Williani Adams and David M. Gornto to me well known and known to be the persons who subscribed the foregoing Articles of Incorporation, and severally acknowledged before me that they executed and subscribed the same for the uses and purposes therein expressed.
Witness my hand and official seal this the 6th day of September, A. D. 1916.
(Seal) A. L. MILLER,
Notary Public, State of Florida.
My commission expires April 11, 1917.
EIGHTEEN-FREE PRESS -. ........
IN JUSTICE OF THE PEACE COURT,
ELEVENTH DISTRICT OF DUVAL
COUNTY, FLORIDA.
C. E. ONSLOW
vs.
J. A. LANKFORD.
To J. A. Lankford, defendant, and nil persons interested in the above entitled cause: You and each one of you are hereby required and ordered to appear to the above entitled action of attachment on or before the second Monday of October, next, same being the 16th day of October, A. D., 1916. The Free Press is hereby designated as the newspaper in which this order shall be published once a week for one month.
Witness my hand as Judge of said Court of Dual County, Florida. this 25th day of August, A. D. 1016.
E. E. WILLARD,
Justice of the Peace, 11th District.
(eal.)
H. CLAY BULLARD,
Attorney for Plaintiff.
NOTICE OF MASTER'S SALE.
Notice is hereby given that under and by virtue of a Decree made and rendered on the 21th (lay of August. A. D. 1916, in the Circuit Court of the Fourth Judicial Circuit of the State of Florida. in and for Duval County, Florida. In Chancery, in a suit therein pending wherein Drusie D. Travis and G. B. Travis. her husband, are complaints, and W. C Warrinvton_. al., are defendants 0657-E)" w- fill offer for sale-and sell at public auction to the highest anm best bidder or bidders for cash in front of the eastern door of the County Court House in the City af Jacksonville, Duval County, Florida, on Monday, the 2nd day of October, A. D. 1916, the same being a Rule Day of said Court, during the legal hours of sale, all that certain piece, parcel or tract of land situate, lying and being in-the County of Duval and State of Florida, more particularly described as follows
The North Two Hundred and Ten Feet (210) of Lot 1, Block 12. Warrington's Subdivision. Sectil n16, Township 2, S. R. as per plat recorded in plat Book 5, pae 32, of the public records of Duval County, Florida.
Together with all and singular the tenements, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in anywise appertaining.
The same to be sold to satisfy said decree.
ROBERT T. DEWELL, As Special Master.
JOHN ARNETT and D. M. GORNTO,
Solicitors for Complaints.
(5 insertions.)
IN CIRCUIT COURT, FOURTH JUDICIAL
CIRCUIT OF FLORIDA, IN AND FOR
DUVAL COUNTY. IN CHANCERY.
KATHRYN S. PARROTT
vs.
WILLIAM L. PARROTT,
ORDER OF SERVICE BY PUBLICATION. To WILLIAM L. PARROTT,
Address Unknown.
It is hereby ordered that you appear to tie Bill of Complaint filed herein against you in the above entitled cause on the 6th day of November, A. D. 1916, and Tile Free Press is hereby designated as the newspaper in which this order shall be published once a week for eight consecutive weeks.
WITNESS my hand and seal of office this 251th day of August, A. D. 1916.
FRANK BROWN, Clerk.
By 0. H. NOLAN,
(Seal.) Deputy Clerk.
REGISTER & DONNELL.
Solicitors for Complainant.
IN CIRCUIT COURT, FOURTH JUDICIAL
CIRCUIT OF FLORIDA, IN AND FOR
DUVAL COUNTY-IN CHANCERY.
Laura E. Mitchell Order of
vs. Service By
Arthur T. Mitchell. Publication.
To Arthur P. Mitchell, Jacksonville, Fla.:
It is hereby ordered that you appear to the Bill of Complaint filed herein against you in the above entitled cause on the 2nd day of October, A. D. 1916, and The Free Press is hereby designated as the newspaper in which this order shall be published once a week for four consecutive weeks.
vv;-nes maiao1i--1 50- 1 -1 fnoise this 21st

TO OUR 20,000 READERS-OUR DIRECTORY OF ADVERTISERS.
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Wm. L. Mallette. Suits to measure. $15 and up. 622 Main, phone 3274. Dry Goods and Ready-to-WearF. W. Butler & Co., Men's and Women's Ready-to-Wear, 637 W. Bay,
phone 1311.
Eye Glasses and OpticianJ. H. Keen, Expert Oculist, No. 50 W. Forsyth, phone 4726. Furniture and House FurnishingsNewsom-Kennedy Furniture Co., 429 W. Adams, phone 4428. Hats Renovated and BlockedHavana Hat Co., Old Hats Made New, 145 Broad Street, phone 7533. Pressing and CleaningWm. L. Mallette. All work guaranteed to please. 622 Main, phone 3274.
Valet System. Expert Cleaners. 109 W. Adams, phone 2859. PhotographsStar Studio. Individual and Commercial Work. 129 W. Bay, phone
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ShoesR. H. Jones & Co., Fine Shoes at a Bargain. 26 Broad St., phone 7016.
J. B. Dixon Shoe Co., Classy Footwear, 1114 Main St., phone 4887. Paints and HardwareStinson & McGowan, 141 Broad St., phone 1603. Real EstateJohn D. Bishchoff, No. 10 Baldwin Bldg., phone M-2659.
J. V. Burke, Florida Lands, No. 8 Baldwin Bldg., phone 4581. UndertakersBurns & Campbell, 45 W. Church St., phone 1539. I l II

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BURNS & CAMPBELL
FUNERALDIRECTORS
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45 West Church St. AUTO AMBULANCE SERVICE
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Jacksonville, Florida
Duval County, Florida, this 28th day of July, All members of the House of Representatives A. D. 1916. elected at the general election in 1918, their
(Seal) G. A. STEPHENS, term of office shall expire on the first Monday
Justice of the Peace. in April, 1921, and thereafter the term of
S. K. David, office of all members of the House of RepreAttorney for Plaintiff. sentatives shall commence on the first Tuesaug3-9t day after the first Monday in April next succeeding the election. At the general election IN CIRCUIT COURT, FOURTH JUDICIAL in 1920 and thereafter, all Senators to be
CIRCUIT OF FLORIDA, IN AND FOR elected shall be elected for a term of four
DUVAL COUNTY-IN CHANCERY. years, the term to begin on the first Tuesday
Nellie C. Nail Order of after the first Monday in April of the followvs. Service By ing year, except that when a new county is
Eugene H. Nall. Publication. created, the Legislature shall at that time fix
the length of the term of the first Senator To Eugene H. Nall, Address Unknown: to be elected therefrom at two or four years
It is hereby ordered that you appear to the with the end in view of keeping the number Bill of Complaint filed herein against you in of old Senators in a balance with the number the above entitled cause on the 4th day of of the new." September, A. D. 1916, and The Free Press Section 3 of Article VII of the Constituis hereby designated as the newspaper in tion is hereby amended so as to read as fol-

w v heis -ordeT snail oe publisneu once a week for eight consecutive weeks.
-Witness my hand and seal of office this 21st day of June, A. D. 1916.
(Seal) FRANK BROWN, Clerk.
By 0. H. NOLAN,
Deputy Clerk.L. F. Brothers,
Solicitor for Complainant.
NOTICE OF ELECTION.
Whereas, the Legislature of 1915, under the Constitution of 1885. of the State of Florida, did pass three Joint 'Resolutions proposing amendments to the Constitution of the State of Florida, and the same were agreed to by a vote of three-fifths of all the members elected to each house; that the votes on said Joint Resolutions were entered upon their respective Journals, with the yeas and nays thereon, and they did determine and direct that the said Joilnt Resolutions be submitted to the electors of the state at the General Election in November, 1916.
Now, therefore, I, H. Clay Crawford, Secretary of State of the State of Florida, do hereby give notice that a
GENERAL ELECTION
will. be held in each county in Florida on Tuesday next succeeding the first Monday in November, A. D. 1916, the said Tuesday being the
SEVENTH DAY OF NOVEMBER
for the ratification or rejection of the said Joint Resolutions proposing amendments to the Constitution of the State of Florida, viz:
A JOINT RESOLUTION proposing an
Amendment to Section 9 of Article 9 of the State Constitution, Relating to Taxation and Finance.
Be it Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
That the following amendment of Section 9 of Article 9 of the Constitution of the State, relating to Taxation and Finance, is hereby agreed to and shall be submitted to the electors of the State for adoption or rejection at the next general election hereafter; that is to say, that Section 9 of Article 9 of the Constitution of the State be amended to read as follows:
"Section 9. There shall be exempt from taxation property to the value of five hundred dollars to every widow that has a family dependent on her for support, and to every person who is a bona fide resident of the State and has lost a limb or been disabled in war or by misfortune.

Witness lmy hand anti seal of office this Z st
day of August, A. D. 1916. A JOINT RESOLUTION Proposing an
(Seal) FRANK BROWN, Clerk. Amendment to Sections 2, 3 and 4 of ArBy 0. H. NOLAN, ticle VII of the Constitution of the State
Deputy Clerk. of Florida, Relating to Census. and ApporButler & Boyer, tionment.
Solicitors for Complainant. Be it Resolved by the Legislature of the State
6tltolsep28 of Florida:
That the following amendments to the ConIN CIRCUIT COURT, FOURTH JUDICIAL stitution of the'State of Florida be, and the
CUITOCOR Asame are hereby agreed to, and the same shall
CIRCUIT OF FLORIDA, IN AND FOR be submitted to the electors of the state-at the
DUVAL COUNTY-IN CHANCERY. general election in 1916, for ratification or
Nellie Payne Order of rejection:
vs. Service By Section 2 of Article VII is hereby amended
0. H. Payne. Publication. so as to read as follows:
To 0. tI. Payne, residence unknown: "The Legislatures that shall convene in the
It is hereby ordered that you appear to the year of 1919 and thereafter shall consist of Bill of Complaint filed herein against you in one member of the 'Senate from each county the above entitled cause on the second day of in the State, and of one member of the House October, A. D. 1916, and The Free Press is of Representatives from each county in the hereby designated as the newspaper in which State for every ten thousand of population this order shall be published once a week for therein, or the major fraction thereof where eight consecutive weeks, there may be a major fraction left over after
Witness my hand and seal of office this 2nd dividing the whole number of population of day of August, A, D. 1916. the county by the number ten thousand; pro(Sal) FRANK BROWN, Clerk. vided, that each county shall have at least one
By A. J. CASSIDEY, Representative and that no county shall have
Deputy Clerk. more than three Representatives in the House Lionel F. Brothers, of Representatives. The members of the
Solicitor for Complainant. House of Representatives shall be elted for
a term of two years and the members of the IN JUSTICE OF THE PEACE COURT, Senate shall be elected for a term of four
TENTH DISTRICT OF DUVAL years, except as hereinafter provided. The
COUNTY, FLORIDA. election for members for each branch shall be
at the same time and places. The term of S. Jo.seth & Bins. office of Senators elected in 1916 shall expire
vs. on the first Monday in April, 1919. The term
Evelyni Simmons. of office of Senators elected in 1918 from
To Evelyn Simmons, defendant, and all per- the following counties, to-wit: Escambia,
sons interested in the above entitled cause. Gadsden, Jackson, Leon, Madison, Lafayette, You anti each one of you are hereby re- Taylor, Columbia, Nassau, Duval, Marion,
quiled and ordered to aipear to the above Sumter, Jefferson, Lee, Monroe, Putnam, Voentitled nation of attachment on or before lusia, Hamilton, Alachua, Broward, Liberty, the list Monday of October, A. D. 1916. Hernando, Pinellas, Brevard, Pal... Beach and
The Free Presss ihereby designated as the Levy, shall expire on the first Monday in
newspaper in which this order shall be pub- April, 1921; all other Senators to be elected lished once a wteek for two months. in th year 1918 their term of office shall
Witness my hand as Judge of said Court of expire on the first Monday in April, 1928.

lows:
"The regular session of the Legislature that shall meet in 1917 shall apportion the representation in the House of Representatives, as in this Arlrcle provided, which apportionment shall be based upon the last census taken by the State of Florida or by the United States, which ever is the last taken, in the several counties of the State, and those that shall meet every ten years thereafter shall apportion the representation in the House of Representativs in the manner in this Article provided, which apportionment shall be based upon the last census enumeration taken by the State of Florida, or by the United States, which ever is the last taken next before the Legislature so apportioning the representation shall convene."
Section 4 of Article VII of the Constitution is hereby amended so as to read as follows:
"When any new county is created by the Legislature it shall be entitled to one Senator and one member of the House of Representatives, until the next enumeration provided for in Section 5, of this Article, that shall be taken after the creation of the said new county, or until the next census enumeration that shall be taken by the United States of America after the creation of the said new county, whichever shall the sooner be taken after the creation of said new county, when it shall be entitled to one member of the House of Representatives for every ten thousand of population, or the major fraction thereof the same as other counties."
A JOINT RESOLUTION Proposing an
Amendment to Section 1 of Article VI of the Constitution of the State of Florida as amended by Joint Resolution No. 2, Acts of
1893, Relating to Suffrage and Eligibility. Be it Resolved by the Legislature of the State
of Florida:
That the following amendment to Section 1 of Article VI of the Constitution of the State of Florida be, and the same is hereby agreed to and shall be submitted to the electors of the State at the general election in 1916 for ratification or rejection:
Section 1. Every male person of the age of twenty-one years and upwards who is a citizen of the United States at the time he applies to register shall be deemed a qualified elector at all elections under the Constitution of the State of Florida; provided, that he possesses the following additional qualifications: He shall have resided and had his permanent home and place of abode in the State of Florida for one year, and in the county wherein he applies to register for six months, previous thereto.
He must be able to read, write and interpret any Section of the Constitution of the State of Florida at the time he applies to register and vote.
He must own in his own right property to the Value of not less than five hundred dollars, which fact shall be determined only by the assessment books of the county at the time he applies to register and vote.
He must not have been convicted, previous to the time he applies to register or vote, of larceny, robbery, forgery, perjury or bribery in any, of the courts of any State or of the United States, or if so convicted, he must have been restored to the rights of citizenship.
Provided, however, That no person or lineal descendant of any such person who was on January first, 1867, or prior thereto, entitled to vote under the Constitutions and laws of any of the States or Territories, or entitled to vote under any form of government, or any naturalized citizen or his descendants, shall be denied the right to register and vote because he shall not be able to read, write and interpret any Section of the Constitution of the State of Florida, as above provided, or because he shall not own property of the value above specified; naturalized citizens of the United States, however, at the time they apply, and before they shall be admitted to register, shall present to the registration officer certificate of his naturalization, or a duly authenticated copy thereof.
Sec. 2. Upon the adoption of this amendment to the Constitution, the Legislature shall enact appropriate laws to carry the purpose of this amendment into effect.
The votes cast in compliance with said proposed amendments, and the canvass, declarations and returns thereof, shall be subjected to the same regulations and restrictions as are provided by law for general elections in the State of Florida.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the Great Seal of the State of Florida, at Tallahassee, the Capital, this the twenty-fifth day of July, A. D. 1916.
(Seal) H. CLAY CRAWFORD,
Secretary of State.

I-

.I PI




THE FREE PRESS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1916,

Opinions of Press and People
(Continued from First Page)
The Anti-Saloon League is engaged in a great cause, but evidently Mr. Pendleton thinks that its one duty is toward the abolition of the liquor traffic, while The Tribune rightly sees that there are many evils besides the saloon that need to be done away with
-even the elimination of political tricksters from the leadership of the Anti-Saloon movement!
Undoubtedly Mr. Pendleton has injured the Anti-Saloon
League and his retirement from the superintendency should be desired by the members of the organization. The cause is too great a one and too much in need of the respect of all the people to have it injured by the antics of one little man.
Nor would we leave this without a further expression of appreciation for The Tampa Tribune. It is a great newspaper, published with editorial and mechanical skill unsurpassed by any other newspaper in the South, and it is daily becoming a more positive force against the evils that publicity and a molder of public opinion can remedy.
Mr. Pendleton is pretty certain to see The Tribune one of the strongest helpers in the state-wide elimination of the liquor traffic and its many evil side-lines, and pending that time he will see it continue to fire telling broadsides against crooked "recount proceedings," against unfair efforts to beat a Democratic nominee out of an honestly got nomination, and against everything else that
seems inimical to the best interests of the people!
HODGES TO APPLEYARD. and supported by Catholic sympathizers foK the purpose of seizing some
Lake City, Fla., Sept. 11, 1916. control' of the state government of Florida.
C .J"Go to it, Colonel!
Publisher of the Florida Record, And if your pages should suddenly
Tallahassee, Florida: or gradually cease to be replete with
Dear Colonel-In the Record of such defensive and laudatory matter, September 7 you republish an edi- it will be accepted as further proof torial from the Lake City Index con- that Catholic influence is supporting your campaign, and that they have ditaining a resolution prepared by me rected you to cease their defense, in relating to a meeting of the Federat- order that the people of Florida may ed Catholic Societies held in New be deceived and their votes secured in York during the month of August, to- November. gether with your comments, expressing Go to it, Colonel! your surprise that I would have any- This letter is not a personal one, thing to do with such resolutions, say- and you may give it publicity. ing that I have "heretofore lined up Yours truly,
with the progressive element of Flor- J.B. HODGES.
ida politics," and asking why such resolutions at this time and inquiring ITOLD YOU SO.
if they are aimed at President Wilson."__.,
You are mistaken. I have never In my last rticle to The Free Press lined up with that element in Florida
politics that has found it necessary I tried to impress upon the mind of to prefix the word "progressive" to the reader that "Catts did it," but the good old word "Democrat." For fearing some will decide I was drawfifteen years I have advocated that ing on my imagination or prevaricatold-fashioned Democracy that was so ing I will cite as further proof to subdear to the lives of those great men
who brought this nation into being, stantiate the assertion using the and a few years ago I went on the statements published in the Timesstump in a number of counties in Flor- Union by W. V. Knott, which can't be ida anddenounced the practice of ap- disputed. plying modern prefixes to this dear old Concerning the Greenville precinct, word. Madison county, Mr. Knott says: "The
I am a Democrat without any words emissaries of Catts did it so the blame of description or qualification, and I would be placed on his shoulders." It have no patience with those gentlemen seems unreasonable that Catts supwho proclaim themselves to be '"P-- porters would change the ballots in gressive Democrats." said precincts, reducing his vote from
If a man claims to be a "Progres- 95 first and second choice to 57 votes sive Democrat," then he cannot be a when we know Mr. Catts wanted and Democrat; he is something more or needed every vote to defeat Mr. Knott. less than a Democrat, and I have al- Again, in Glen St. Mary precinct, ways considered him less. Baker county, Mr. Knott says in one
The word "Democrat" is big enough statement "From this it would appear and good enough for me. that some of the Catts supporters
I have always been opposed to re- have been driven to desperation in orligious-political societies and secret- der to prevent a fair and accurate political organizations, the first being count of the ballots." In another the most pernicious of the two, for statement Mr. Knott says: "I do not the reason that #ts leaders may bring know where or how these ballots were its members to the understanding that taken from thd ballot-box. Now, we t the success of the organization is a have two statements from Mr. Knott part of the program of worship. This concerning the Glen St. Mary precinct may easily be done, and we can very which seem to conflict one with the readily compass the danger to our other, and it appears Mr. Knott
government if such a society should jumped at conclusions in race-horse grow to a membership of three mil- style to beat Mr. Catts to it. Howlion. ever, we are undecided which stateWhen the Sturkie resolutions were ment is correct; at the same time the adopted by the state committee last whole business looks kinder suspiJanuary I thought they were good cious. By referring to the Timesresolutions, and I defended them Union August 19th, we find in bold, here. It appeared to me that they large letters, "Ballot Box Robbed," would prevent the participation in po- followed with an article giving details litical matters of both the religious of the robbery, which was the first noand secret political organizations, if tice to the public that the ballots were such organizations exist. The Catho- missing, and following said article in lics stated that they were not a po- the same*column appears the statelitical body, that such matters were ment from Mr. Knott quoted above. not discussed by them in their organi- Therefore, considering all the circumzations, and, not being a Catholic, and stances connected therewith I conclude having no further information, I be- Mr. Knott must certainly believe in lieved them. But when the Federated preparedness. Catholic Societies convened in New Referring again to the Greenville York last month the press dispatches precinct,_ Times-Union, August 23rd, revealed the fact that they do discuss Mr. Knott says: "I have also ascerpolitical matters; that this meeting, gained that the persons whose names and I presume it is the largest gather- appear on Mr. Catts' Greenville affiing of Catholics in America, listened davit did not as a matter of fact perto addresses by delegates who advo- sonally appear before the notary cated that all Catholics vote as one whose jurat appears on the affidavit." man, that their organizations number Council Bush, the notary referred to three million members, and that they, by Mr. Knott, replies to the above quoby voting together, may bring about station and says: "I wish to state here favorable conditions for Catholics. plainly and emphatically that the
This was astounding. I had been above statement is absolutely false, I deceived. I had believed the Catholics being the notary who took these affiwhen they proclaimed that they had davits, and state here that each of the nothing to do with politics. I felt that 74 electors who signed this affidavit the Democratic party should be in question was personally signed or purged of such men calling themselves acknowledged in my presence." Mr. Democrats. Bush invites Mr. Knott to come tol
The speeches of those Catholics at Greenville and says: "I myself will that meeting show conclusively that personally introduce to you every one political matters are given considera- of the 74 men who voted for Catts for tion by the societies composing the first choice, and will guarantee you a federation, and that such speeches are reasonable compensation for your time the result of an extensive agitation and can assure you that you will not conducted among the membership of get rotten-egged." Now, Mr. Knott, such societies before the convention let me tell you, you can place implicit of the federation. confidence in the statement of Council
It shows that these parties will de- Bush. I know him, but, Mr. Knott,! ny their participation in political af- let me advise if you accept the invi-I fairs as a body, when they are ac- tation of Mr. Bush and visit Greentually engaged in such work; it shows ville be sure you select a soft spot in that such agitation has reached such the road. an advanced stage that members of Mr. Knot timnagines he is big enough the societies will dare to voice their to fill the governor's chair, but the political opinions before the federation baby talk he is putting up "Carts did in the face of public denial; and it it" shows he should be wearing safety shows that a situation has arisen, or pins. is fast" arising, when it will be difficult to prevent the enactment of laws It appears that the Jasper News for the "bringing about of proper con- wishes to create the impression in the ditions" as understood by Catholics as minds of the old Confeds that it is a Catholics, and not as citizens, disgrace and an insult for Mr. Catts
So, Colonel, I prepared the resolu- to say "they were lined up with the tion complained of, without any ref- whisky bunch, Catholics and railroads erence to President Wil~on, without ito elect Mr. Knott." If it is such an

any conference with anyone, because insult and disgrace for old veterans to I believe this to be a matter on which line up with such a bunch, how about the Democratic party of Florida a Baptist preacher living up with the should speak, and I believe it will same crowd for the same purposes? speak in condemnatory terms of such If Mr. Catts is such a bad man as the practices on the part of Catholics. Jasper News would have us to believe,
Now, Colonel, the campaign you are it seems strange the real good minwaging for your friend, Mr. Knott, isters of the Baptist church don't take has developed into a laudatory and some steps to disquaify him and defensive campaign of Catholicism, revoke his license as a minister of the which development convinces me, and gospel. "He not guilty let him cast will convince the people of Florida the first 'stone.' that your campaign is contributed to Reading the quotation between the

up ON 1 11 1 1 1 - ml!l --

tuitous gift. If the words "or who is dependent for her support on her own labor or exertions" had been added the poor widow without a family would have been helped. Vote against this amendment and let the next Legislature chang ethe wording. Further, vote against the amendment of Section -, Article VI, the so-called "grandfather's clause." The United States Supreme Court has declared the same to be invalid in a case from Kentucky. It is a sham, was intended to be a fraud and a sham. It is unworthy of our state to try to deprive the negroes of their franchise by a fraud

MORE HAMILTON ( (continued fr(
State of Florida, Hamilton Coun
Before me a Notary Public, one of the inspectors of the prir 1916, at White Springs, Hamiltor who does hereby make affidavit t said Precinct No. 3, for governor June 6th and the recount made b, correspond.
I make further affidavit tha 6th was correct to the best of my ther believe that the ballots couni are not the same as counted by u
The fact is that, in the rec( votes for W. V. Knott that were r and the marking of these second marked by other hand-writing ot] tive ballots.
Sworn to and subscribed be August 28th, 1916.
My commission expires Apri
lines, the venom displayed by the Jasper News leads me to believe the News must be in sympathy with the remarks of the Catholic bishop at the big Catholic conclave recently held in New York City when said bishops urged all Catholics to vote for men for office in sympathy with their principles, they had three million voters and held the balance of power.
Brother, if this is your sentiment, renounce your protestant faith and unite with the Catholic church. Brother, if this is your sentiment, be careful how you line up the old veterans with the whiskey bunch, Catholics and railroads; it might act as a boom-erang.
Now, kind reader, if you are fond of dancing, select your partners for old Virginia reel while I sing:
London's bridge is all fell in,
Oh, Catts, remember me! London's bridge is all fell in;
To-me-hico Knott-y turn, turn,
To-me-hi-co Knott-y turn.
Mend it up with sticks and clay,
Oh, Catts, remember me!
Sticks and clay will wash away;
To-me-hi-co Knott-y turn turn,
To-me-hi-co Knott-y turn!
F. P. SHAFFR.
ANOTHER GAIN FROM KNOTT.
Editor The Free Press:
Allow a subscriber, an independent voter at twenty-two state and national elections, who for years has voted the Democratic state and county tickets and who voted for Wilson in the last national election, to congratulate you for the good fight you make against Rum and Romanism trying to control our elections and through them our liberties and free common schools and whole educational system. The joinmon free school is the melting pot in which the rich man's children meet on terms of aquilty the children of their father's employees and ...-laboer-, where the children of members of different churches learn that there is only one and the same God worshipped in them all. It is the place where the foreigner's children learn ta love their parents' new country, its laws and institutions; learn that the opportunities here are equal to all, and that by using and cultivating their brain and observing the laws and customs of the country and the moral obligations of every citizen they can rise to the highest positions of honor and trust which the state and the nation offer. Any church organization or hierarchy which, like the Roman, contrary to our Master's teachings that his kingdom is not of this world, tries to control or lay its blighting hands on any part of our schools or educational institutions, should be promptly rebuked by overwhelming defeat in our elections.
I am sorry that our comptroller, Mr. Knott, with whom I some 30 years ago had peasant business relations in the county clerk's office in Sumterville, should, after so many years of honorable service as a county and state official, in his desire for the highest office in our state, ally himself with the greedy and soul-murdering whiskey ring and the all morals in their methods defying Jesuits. If Mr. Knott, when defeated in the primary, had waited four years and run again he would sure have been elected governor. His friends, of whom I'was one, have left him politically and he has made himself impossible to be a candidate again. Rev. S. J. Catts is sure of election, whatever the courts decide. "Ille fariet," said the father of King Gustavus Adolphus, who fought and sacrificed his life in the 30 years' war for religious liberty against the Catholic powers. "Ille fairer," we say about S. J. Catts. "He will do it." We, the electors, are the court of last resort, the supreme court above the other. And I beg the electors when casting their votes to consider and to attend to another matter. The Constitution shall be interpreted verbally. When the last Legislature tried by an amendment of Section 9, Article9, to increase the exemption of property of widows from taxation from $200 to $500, it added after "widow" the words, "that has a family dependent on her for support." There are many poor widows and one is my neighbor, whose families have grown up or have scattered and consequently they are so much more needy. The help the present exemption of $200 value gives is by this taken from them, but the peremptory command in the proposed change: "There shall be exempt from taxation, etc.," gives .to the rich or well-to-do widow a gra-

A device of words and quibblings whereby that which at first means one thing, finally means another, commonly used to start out right and wind up wrong.
Life on an Island.
Residents of islands and small peninsulas live hnger than persons who dwelli on the inland.
THE FREE PRESS.
Is on sale at the folowing newsstands:
Forsyth News Co., corner Main and Forsyth.
Snyder Drug Co., Main and Duval.
* *
* Bell Phone 104 *
* Mobley's Auto Service *
* N. W. Corner Bay *
* and Hogan Sts. *
. Car No. 2064 Car No. 1939

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p
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tt
LI eh

OUNTY EVIDENCE. ITINERARY OF SIDNEY J. CATTS,
m First Page) NOMINEE OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY FOR
ty. GOVERNOR.
personally appeared R. W. Oates, aary election held'on June 6th, September 14th, Thursday-10a. County, Election District No. m., Nocatee; 3 p. in., Ft. Ogden; 8
hat the count of ballots as cast i P. in., Punta Gorda.
a n September 15th, Fridayl10 a. in., as recorded by the inspectors on ; 3 p. in., Ft. Myers; 8 p. in.,
y them on August 22nd, does not LaBelle.
September 16th, Saturday-10 a.
t the count as recorded on June m.Green. 38p. in., 8 p.m.,
knowledge and belief, and I fur- September 18th, Monday-10 a. in., ed at Jasper on August 22, 1916, Zephyrhills; 3 p. in., Dade City; 8 p. s on June 6th, 1916. in., Brooksville.
September 19th, Tuesday-10 a. in., runt there was 26 second choice Inverness; 3 p. in., Morriston; 8 p. in., ot voted as recorded on June 6th, Williston. choice votes seemed to have been September 20th, Wednesday-10 a.
er than the voters of the respec- m., Bronson; 3 p. in., Newberry; 8 p.
in., Gainesville.
September 21st, Thursday, 10 a. in., R. W. OATS. Micanopy; 3 p. in., Hawthorne; 8 p.
fore me at White Springs, Fla., in., Waldo.
September 22nd Friday, 10 a. m., DN.P. Graham; 3 p. in., Brooklyn; 8 p. in.,
T. A. EDWARDS, NLaCrosse.
1 14, 1917. September 23, Saturday-10 a. in.,
High Springs; 3 p. in., Ft. White; 8
and a sham. Do it directly, if you p. in., Branford. want to do it. September 25, Monday-10 a. in.,
wRespectfully, Tallahassee; 3 p. in., Quincy; 8 p. in.
JOS. HENSCHEN, River Junction.
Active Elector at 22 State, Congres- September 26, Tuesday-10 a. in.,
sional and National Elections ill Marianna; 3 p. in., Chipley; 8 p. m.,
Florida, from Greely-Grant ,1872,Bonifay.
to present time. Have not missed'September 27, Wednesday-10 a.
oe eletti ein., Careyville; 8 p. m., DeFuniak. one election. ,
LUNKALULLA COUNTS only be played once during an evening.
ONLY ONE .TIME. so the decision of the Supreme Court in these election cases, rules that a A prominent attorney told the fol- lunkalulla can only be held one time." lowing story to a bunch of eager list- TRANSPOSITION.
enr nthe. streets nof this pitv e RNSOIIN

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
If you need a new hat, and can't
afford it,
SEND US YOUR OLD ONE

Panama, Felt and Straw Hats Cleaned, Repaired and Blocked
In the latest styles at small cost.
AL WORK GUARANTEED.
A trial is all we ask. Our work talks
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. For Designing, Building and
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See D. M. REED
Contractor and Builder. Bungalows a Specialty.
Phone 201
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
MY SPECIALTY*
$20.00 Suit
To Measure *
WM. L. MALLETTE, *
622 Main Street *

SHOE SLAUGHTER
26 BROAD STREET R. H JONES 00 STOCK
fHJ, DOOMED
The Bond Sales Co. has charge. Something Doing.. Shoes will he sold at half price. The order is given. No reasonable offer will be refused. SALE STARTS SATURDAY MORNING, SEP. 16, AT 8:30
Slaughter SLASH. Stock must be sold quick.
R. H. JONES CO. SHOE STORE, 26 Broad Street
Bicycles Tires Repairs
Near Enough 1itaiii Street lir Convenience
Iar Enough tfron ain Street for Econony
Ramis Cycle Company
10 W. Beaver St. Jacksonville, Fla.
m] ill

METCALFE'S ENTIRE STOCK OF
SHOES MUST BE SOLD
SERVICE Given to Our Patrons--TRY US
Women's SOROSIS WATCH Great Values WHITE One Lot
Fine Pumps, High Tan OUR In This SHOES
And WOMEN'S
Values Mahogany WINDOWS One Lot. In Pumps and
$5 and $6, Boots, FOR Sizes Up to Oxfords Sizes Up
Now All $5 Vals. CLASS and 5's, Now Only, to 5's,
$3.45 $1.95 PRICES. $1.79 69c 79c
We Have New Lines Bought, But They Are Much Higher
Ui

MEN'S FINE
SHOES
$1.79,
$2.95,
$3.45,
$3.95

and.

$4.95

Men's Hunting Boots
18 Inches High
$!6.95 & $8.95
METCALFE'S 18 West Forsyth
SHOE STORE Street
High Class Salesman in Charge.

WE HAVE
INSTALLED SHOE MACHINERY FOR REPAIRING SHOES.
THE BEST
OPERATOR IN
THE CITY.
WE MAKE THEM LOOK LIKE NEW SHOES.

El U

GUARDIANS OF LIBERTY.
The Guardians of Liberty meet in P. 0. S. of A. hall, Herkimer building, 136 E. Bay street, first and third Sunday afternoon at 3:30 o'clock of each month. Visiting members are invited to attend all meetings,
HAVANA
HAT CO.

145 Broad St.

Phone 7533

days ago:
"In the case of Mayes versus Kehoe eight years' ago, Kehoe did not enter a contest in the courts, but protested to the board against the counting of the votes in Woodville precinct, where 92 votes had been cast and only 63 names on the registration list, and only 63 white men in that voting precinct. Having filed the protest before the Canvassing Board and brought the 63 men before them as witnesses, proving that they were all the white voters in that precinct, the Canvassing Board rejected the returns and threw out the entire vote, issuing a certificate of nomination to Kehoe as candidate for Congress from that district, with a majority of 19.
"Mayes appealed to the Supreme Court, securing a writ directed to the Canvassing Board to reconvene and count the votes from Woddville precinct on the ground that Kehoe should have objected at the time the inspectors canvassed the vote cast in that precinct and not have waited until the matter was before the Canvassing Board. In other words, the matter was 'res adpudicata.' The court granted the writ and Mayes received the nomination.
"In the case of Knott, as handed down, they reversed the decision in the Mayes-Kehoe case and ordered the County Canvassing Board to go behind the returns and recanvass the votes which in the Mayes-Kehoe case this same court stated could not be done. This reminds me of the gambler raised near Milledgeville, Ga., who had acquired such a reputation as a poker player that he could not get anyone there in a game with hini, so he went to New York and thought he would tackle big game. In a gambling house there one evening he held a straight flush. He bet pretty liberally on his hand and when called stated that he was winner, that he held a royal flush, which could not be beaten. His opponent said 'you lose,' turning around, pointing to a card on the wall, told him that he must observe the rules on the wall; that a lunkalulla would beat all other hands. Then he asked him what a lunkalulla was, which was two, four, six, eight and ten of the same suit. The Georgia gambler shoved the money over, saying it was all right; that he had learned something by coming to New York. He played some two hours more and finally drew a lunkalulla himself, and bet all his money on it; when called, he threw down his hand and stated that he was winner, saying that he held a lunkalulla. His opponent says 'You lose; you should observe the rules of the game,' pointing to the card on the wall, which had been turned around and now stated that a lunkalulla could