Citation
Annual report

Material Information

Title:
Annual report
Creator:
Cuban National Horticultural Society
Place of Publication:
Havana, Cuba
Publisher:
Cuban National Horticultural Society
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Edition:
Third Annual Report 1909
Physical Description:
volumes

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Horticulture -- Cuba ( lcsh )
Horticultura ( qlsp )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1-8, 1907-14.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
UF Marston Science Library
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services (UFDC@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
690376189 ( OCLC )
035875201 ( ALEPH )

Full Text
THIRD ANNUAL REPORT
OF THE
CUBAN
NATIONAL HORTICULTURAL
SOCIETY
FOR
1909

COMPILED BY THE SECRETARY
PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY
HAVANA
1909

HAVANA
Printers P. Fernandez & Co., 17 Obispo Street.







OFFICERS FOR 1909
PRESIDENT:
PROF. C. F. AUSTIN, Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba.
VICE PRESIDENTS:
Ila'ana Provin ce. H. A. VAN HERMANN, Santiago
de las Vegas, Cuba.
Pinar del Rio Prouince.- LIN)LEY COLLINs, Herradura, Cuba.
Matanzas Province. D. H. HOWELL, Ceiba Mocha,
Cuba.
Santa Clara Prov ince.- L. M. PATTERSON, San Marcos, Cuba.
Canwmagiiey Provice. CHARLES E. HALL, La Gloria,
Cuba.
Santiago de Cuba Province.- THos. R. TowN, Holguin, Cuba.
Isle of Pines.- FRED C. MASON, Santa F6, Isle of
Pines.
SECRETARY:
H. C. HENRICKSEN, 30 Empedrado, Havana, Cuba.
TREASURER:
S. L. LAUGHLIN, Taco Taco, Cuba.
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE:
CorL. H. E. HAVENS, Herradura, Cuba. MR. LORENZO SANCHEZ, 35 Obrapia, Havana, Cuba. PROF. C. F. AUSTIN, Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba. H. C. HENRICKSEN, 30 Empedrado, Havana, Cuba. S. L. LAUGHLIN, Taco Taco, Cuba.







STANDING COMMITTEES FOR 1908
TRNSP0ORTATION. Cap't. L. S. McIrwin, Guanabacoa; R. C. Bourdett, La Gloria; Forest Nelson, Santa Fe, Isle of Pines.
PACKAGES A N) PACKING. E. H. Ives, Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines; E. E. Tolksdorff, McKinley, Isle of Pines; Glen E. Moe, Candelaria.
MARKETING. F. C. Mason, Santa Fe, Isle of Pines; L. Collins, Herradura; L. L. Newsom, La Gloria; Henry A. Young, Camagiiey; H. H. Olcott, Havana.
CITRITS. Prof. C. F. Austin, Santiago de las Vegas; Dr. E. W. Kellogg, Santa Fe, Isle of Pines; C. H. L. N. Bernard, Ceballos.
PINEAPPLES. Prof. C. F. Kinman, Santiago de las Vegas; E. A. Orr, Taco Taco; J. Schmitz, Guanajay.
NATIVE AND TROPICAL FRUITS. J. H. Kydd, Ceballos; A. Cox, Ceiba Mocha.
TEMPERATE ZONE FRUITS. W. P. Ladd, Santiago de las Vegas; F. D. Griffith, La Gloria.
VEGETABLES. Prof. F. S. Earle, Herradura; W. P. Gowell, Giiines; J. Handback, San Cristobal.
OR-NAMENITALS. H. A. Van Herman, Santiago de las Vegas; Miss L. Collin, Herradura; Miss Abbie Phillips, Havana; Cap't. C. R. Mundy, Ocean Beach.
ORCHARD MANAGEMENT. E. W. Halstead, Bahia




6
Honda; T. R. Towns, Holguin; F. C. Payne, McKinley, Isle of Pines.
INSECTS AND DISEASES. Prof. William T. Horne, Santiago de las Vegas; J. S. Houser, Santiago de las Vegas; Geo. W. Mace, San Crist6bal.
LEGISLATION. H. E. Havens, Herradura; Lorenzo Sdnchez, Artemisa; Ed. A. Kummel, Havana.
FERTIIZER. Prof. J. T. Crawley, Santiago de las Vegas; D. H. Howell, Ceiba Mocha; A. B. Storms, Herradura.




LIST OF MEMBERS
LIFE MEMBERS:
Berndes, Ren6, 64 Cuba St., Havana, Cuba. Bortwick, Mrs. Frances R., McKinley, Isle of Pines. Conklin, R. R., 1 Wall St., New York City, N. Y. Dart, D. W., La Gloria, Cuba. Earle, Prof. F. S., Herradura, Cuba. Hall, Charles E., La Gloria, Cuba. Haug, S. Chr., Maravi, Baracoa, Cuba. Henricksen, H. C., 30 Empedrado, Havana, Cuba. Kiimmel, Edw. A., 27 Nineteeth St., Vedado, Havana,
Cuba.
Landis, A. C., 61 Aguiar St., Havana, Cuba. McIrwin, L. S., Guanabacoa, Cuba. S6nchez, Lorenzo, 35 Obrapia St., Havana, Cuba. Towns, Thos. R., Holguin, Cuba. Van Hermann, H. A., Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba.
ANNUAL MEMBERS:
Abbey, C. D., Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. Adams, Edw. L., West McKinley, Isle of Pines. Aldab6, Enrique, Monte 427, Havana, Cuba. Alfonso, Juan Bta., San Ignacio 82, Havana, Cuba.




Allan, Wm., 136 West 79st., New York City., N. Y. Allison, B. M., West McKinley, Isle of Pines. American Grocery Co., 13 O'Reilly St., Havana,
Cuba.
Andrews, Geo. B., Ceiba Mocha, Cuba. Anderson, J. A., Guanajay, Cuba. Anderson, O. T., Santa F6, Isla of Pines. Archibald, A. R., Columbia, Isle of Pines.
Bahler, Albert, Artemisa, Cuba, Baker, W. H., La Gloria, Cuba. Ballard, W. L., La Gloria, Cuba. Bascuas, Federico, San Jos6 de las Lajas, Cuba. Beatley, Chas. A., 30 Empedrado, Havana, Cuba. Bernard, C. H. L. N., Ceballos, Cuba. Belinka, M., West McKinley, Isle of Pines. Berry, H. C., East McKinley, Isle of Pines. Bellizo, J. E., La Gloria, Cuba. Benson, Portland, Ceballos, Cuba. Bennett, Garrett, La Gloria. Becker, Fred. C., 120 Cuba St., Havana, Cuba. Belden, R. E., Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. Beit, W. R., Box 875, Havana, Cuba. Bjelke, Gillis, La Lisa, Baracoa, Cuba. Blasco, Dionisio, La Gloria, Cuba. Boston, John, La Gloria, Cuba. Bolster, A. B., Moorehead, Minnessota. Borde, Gaston, Giiines, Cuba. Brown, W. H., McKinley, Isle of Pines. Brown, Lester, Columbia, Isle of Pines. Brown, Cloris C., Santa F6, Isle of Pines. Brown, A. M., McKinley, Isle of Pines. Briggs, H. A., Santa F6, Isle of Pines. Brandley, B., Holguin, Cuba. Broughamer, Frank, Herradura, Cuba. Brobery, Ben C., West McKinley, Isle of Pines. Brinkerhoff, J. O., West McKinley, Isle of Pines. Buttler, H. K., Ceballos, Cuba. Burford, Chas. R., Camagiiey, Cuba. Burnet, H. G., Paso Real, Cuba. Burnside, Henry, La Gloria, Cuba.




Bullit, Chas., Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. Buenaventura Plantation Co., Buenaventura, Cuba. Buenavista Fruit Co., Room 645, John Hancock
Bl'dg., 49 Federal Street, Boston, Mass.
Catteau, Geo., Hotel Miramar, Havana, Cuba. Carlton, William, Omaja, Cuba. Carlton, D. L., La Gloria, Cuba. Cirdenas, Francisco, Ceiba Mocha, Cuba. Carballo, Luis J. de, Calvario, Cerro 593, Havana,
Cuba.
Campbell, Angus, Holguin, Cuba. Cervantes, F. L., Gervasio 153, Havana, Cuba. Chambers, A. B., La Gloria, Cuba. Christy, Lyman, Santa F6, Isle of Pines. Chamberlin, W. A., Bahia Honda, Cuba. Cleeland, Ralph, McKinley, Isle of Pines. Collins, Lindley, Herradura, Cuba. Collins, Mrs. L., Herradura, Cuba. Collins, Miss A. E., Herradura, Cuba. Collins, B. E., Santa F6, Isle of Pines. Collins, Lester, Moorestown, N. Y. Cooper, Geo., La Gloria, Cuba. Coan, H. V., McKinley, Isla of Pines. Cox, Alfred, Ceiba Mocha, Cuba. Corbin, S. R., McKinley, Isle of Pines. Collison, W. L., Ceballos, Cuba. Cowdery, O. P., Herradura, Cuba. Crossman, G. A., Ceballos, Cuba. Cristy, T. C., Santa F6, Isle of Pines. Crinsin, Helmut, McKinley, Isle of Pines. Cressy, Geo. F., Ceiba Mocha, Cuba. Crabb, R. R., Las Tunas, Cuba. Crawley, Prof. J. T., Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba. Cramer, Geo., McKinley, Isle of Pines. Cramner, J. A., Herradura, Cuba. Currier, A. B., Herradura, Cuba. Currier, Frank, Herradura, Cuba.
Desvernine, E. B., 52, Cuba St., Havana, Cuba. Dennison, A. E., Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines.




Desvernine, Eduardo, 22 Mercaderes St., Havana,
Cuba.
Dillinger, Dr. G. A., Empire Bl'dg., Pittsburg, Pa. Dudley, A. Sr. Santa F6, Isle of Pines. Dunn, W. J., McKinley, Isle of Pines.
Earle, Mrs. F. S., Herradura, Cuba. Early, John F., La Gloria, Cuba. Eldridge, Paul, San Claudio, Cabafias, Cuba. Emmons, Geo. M., Herradura, Cuba. Emmons Hattie C., Herradura, Cuba. Ericson, Emil, Mexico City, Mexico. Fair, W. A., Lansing, Arkansas. Fabian, A., Hato Guane, Cuba. Fern6ndez, Augustin C., Amistad 52, Havana, Cuba. Field, C. W., McKinley, Isle of Pines. Ford, Sidney, La Gloria, Cuba. Ford,, C. E., Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. Ford, E. S., Magnolia, Caibarien, Cuba. Frances, J. C., La Gloria, Cuba. French, Elmer, Santa F6, Isle of Pines. Fries, Archibald, Co. B. & O. S. W. R. R., Cincinatti,
Ohio.
Franklyn, Edward, Garden City, La Gloria, Cuba. Fulton, A. S., Herradura, Cuba. Fulton, W. B., Herradura, Cuba. Fuller, Win. C., Colton, California.
Garcia Zamora, Pedro Luis, Punta Brava, Cuba. Gardener, A. W., Columbia, Isle of Pines. Germain, J. R., Ocean Beach, Cuba. Giltner, L. C., Columbia, Isle of Pines. Gillespie, F. L., Herradura, Cuba. Goetz, E. C., Herradura, Cuba. Gonzlez, Braulio, Ceiba Mocha, Cuba. Gocio, H. G., Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba. Griffith, F. D., La Gloria, Cuba. Granger, Dr. F. C., Randolf, Mass. Grasselle Chemical Co., 784 The Arcade, Cleveland,
Ohio.




Green, Joseph, Victoria de las Tunas, Cuba. Grisson, Geo., San Crist6bal, Cuba. Graves, J. W., 244 Jackson St., Grand Rapids,
Michigan.
Gutschow, John, Ceballos, Cuba. Gutidrrez, victor, La Gloria, Cuba. Gushee, Edward G., 2,122 North 28th St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Gunz, Mike, Herradura, Cuba.
Hayden, V. P., La Gloria, Cuba. HIathaway, W. W., P. O. Box 1182, Havana, Cuba. Haass, Henry, I St., Between 15th and 17th, Vedado, Havana, Cuba.
ilalstead, E. W., Herradura, Cuba. Havens, Col. H. E., Herradura, Cuba. Harris, Waldo E., West McKinley, Isle of Pines. Harvey, Col. S. S., 99 Prado, Havana, Cuba. Harvey, Frank K., 99 Prado, Havana, Cuba. HIasting, S., 213 Niorth Cottage Ave., Grand Rapids,
Mich.
Handback, Julius, San Crist6bal, Cuba. Ifegelund, H. L., 1196 N. California Ave., Chicago,
Ill.
Herman, J. B., 38 S. Union St., Rochester, N. Y. Hewitt, W. C., Buenaventura, Cuba. Hernindez, Pedro M., 156 San Fernando St., Cienfuegos, Cuba.
Herring, William A., Herradura, Cuba. Herring, Mrs. Lillie L., Herradura, Cuba. Heintz, J. L., Bahia Honda, Cuba. Hornet, J. H., La Gloria, Cuba. Horne, Prof. Win. T., Estaci6n Agron6mica, Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba.
Howell, D. H., Ceiba Mocha, Cuba. Hodge, J. T., Ocean Beach, Cuba. Houser, Prof. J. S., Ohio Agr. Expt. Station, Wooster, Ohio.
Houghtalin, F. E., McKinley, Isle of Pines. Hoffman, John F., West McKinley, Isle of Pines. Hubbard, H., McKinley, Isle of Pines..




Humes, O. S., Herradura, Cuba. Humphreys, Mrs. C. A., Ceballos, Cuba.
Jackson, Walter B., P. O. Box 325, Manchester, Mass. Jenkins, R. C., Holguin, Cuba. Johnson, C. M., Zulueta 9, Havana, Cuba, Johnson, W. C., 303 Majestic Bl'dg., Detroit Mich. Jones, E. B., Ocean Beach, Cuba. Jones, G. D., Valley City, N. D. Judd, S. H., West McKinley, Isle of Pines.
Kastorf, Fred, Ceballos, Cuba. Karutz, Dr. Paul, C/o H. H. Olcott, Baratillo 7,
Havana, Cuba.
Kendall, Roland, Holguin, Cuba. Kellogg, Dr. Edw. R., Santa F6, Isle of Pines. Kerr, D. E., Camagiiey, Cuba. Keiser, Win. G., Candelaria, Cuba. Keenan, T. J., Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. Kirk, Dr. W. H., Room 800 Keenan, Pittsburg, Pa. King, C. L., Manacas, Cuba. King, J. R., Los Indios, Isle of Pines. Kies, H. U., Victoria de las Tunas, Cuba. Kleinkauf & Cole, Santa Ana, Isle of Pines. Kotwick, John, Los Indios, Isle of Pines. Kubin, Jos6, San Agustin, Santa Clara, Cuba. Kydd, John H., Ceballos, Cuba.
Laughlin, S. L., Taco Taco, Cuba. Ladd, W. P., Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba. Lawton, H. C., Room 305, Commercial Club, Bl'dg.,
Portland, Oregon.
Lewis, Chas. S., Herradura, Cuba. Leitner, John, P. O. Box 64, Fingal, N. D. Lindstrom, Fred., Manistee, Mich. Lind, John C., Santa F6, Isle of Pines. Lind, Dr. A., Palmarito de Canto, Cuba. Loundes, H., Ocean Beach, Cuba. Littleford, Walter, Ocean Beach, Cuba. Lout, John, Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. Lumbert, O. N., La Gloria, Cuba.




Lombard, O. E., Prado 99, Havana, Cuba.
MacBeth, N. E., Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. Mason, Fred. C., Santa F6, Isle of Pines. Manley, W. H., Herradura, Cuba. Mace, Geo. W., Candelaria, Cuba. Marshall, J., La Gloria, Cuba. Mains, Samuel, Ocean Beach, Cuba. Matteson, C. H., Victoria de las Tunas, Cuba. Mahoney, E. P., Apartado 724, Havana, Cuba. MeQuire, S. D., McKinley, Isle of Pines. McAbee, G. N., La Gloria, Cuba. McQueen, J., McKinley, Isle of Pines. MeMullan, Geo. R., McKinley, Isle of Pines. McKenzie, John, Santo Domingo, Cuba. McPherson, J. C., Los Indios, Isle of Pines. Merritt, Henry K., Newton Clayton Bl'dg., Indianapolis, Ind.
Meyer, A. E., 314 Farmers' Bank Bl'dg., Pittsburg,
Pa.
Miller, E. R., Ceballos, Cuba. Miller, J. A., Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. Miller, J. A., 3145 Irving Ave. So., Minneapolis,
Minn.
Miller, W. R. J., 608 Nicolletave., Minneapolis, Minn. Miles, J. E., La Gloria, Cuba. Middleton, W. D., Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. Michell, Adolph, La Gloria, Cuba. Miner, W. S., La Gloria, Cuba. Millard, F., Ocean Beach, Cuba. Montejo, M. A., P. O. Box 310, Havana, Cuba. Moe, Glen E., Candelaria, Cuba. Montros, Francisco, P. O. Box 310, Havana, Cuba. Moore, P. C., Beachwood Bl'dg., Pittsburg, Pa.
Nason, Lewis, Herradura, Cuba. Newsom, L. L., La Gloria, Cuba. Newton, John S., La Gloria, Cuba. Neustell, J. J., La Gloria, Cuba. Neville, H. O., Ocean Beach, Cuba. Nutall, John, McKinley, Isle of Pines.




Nfiiiez, R. E., 61 Aguiar, Havana, Cuba. INye, James P., Mountain View, Blandford, Mass.
Odell, Fred., Ocean Beach, Cuba. Olcott, Harry H., 7 Baratillo, Havana, Cuba. Orr, A. E., Taco Taco, Cuba.
Paine, F. C., McKinley, Isle of Pines. Pattin, F. J., Giiines, Cuba. Patterson, L. M., San Marcos, Cuba. Parker, Newell C., McKinley, Isle of Pines. Painter, E. O., Sect., Fla. State Horticultural Society, Jacksonville, Fla.
Parker, Newell, San Marcos, Cuba. Pennie, James, Archivo Nacional, Havana, Cuba. Peirson, E. C., Omaja, Cuba. Pedroso, Alberto, 48 Rue de Laborde, Paris, France. Perry, Duana C., Holguin, Cuba. Pearcy, Edward, Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. Pulserfer, A. A., La Gloria, Cuba.
Ramsdell, Dr. F. R., Columbia, Isle of Pines. Redenci6n Plantation Co., Buenaventura, Cuba. Riegel, F. M., San Crist6bal, Cuba. Rind, Edward, Pres., Paso Real Fruit Co., Paso
Real, Cuba.
Robins, Frank G., Aguiar 102, Havana, Cuba. Rockwood, P., McKinley, Isle of Pines. Rosie, Win. S., Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. Roberts, Geo., Columbia, Isle of Pines. Rose, H. A., Santo Domingo, Cuba. Runyon, E., Elizabeth, N. J.
Salas, Fernando, San Crist6bal, Cuba. Schmidt, J., Guanajay, Cuba. Scott, L. C., Lacota, N. D. Scheldt, J. T., 2597 Lowell Ave., Chicago, Ill. Seibert, B. Frank, Paso Real de San Diego, Cuba. Shriver, A. L., La Gloria, Cuba. Shoell, S. R., La Gloria, Cuba. Shore, Eli, La Gloria, Cuba.




Shifly, A. M., West McKinley, Isle of Pines. Simpson, T. W., 3281 Lincoln Ave., Ogden, Utah. Simmons, Joseph W., 52 Leicester St., Port Chester,
N.Y.
Sonville y Cervantes, A., Neptuno 34, Havana, Cuba. Sorenson, M., McKinley, Isle of Pines. Spencer, B. B., 184 Junean Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. Storms, A. B., Constancia, Cienfuegos, Cuba. Storms, L. E., Herradura, Cuba. Stokes, A. B., La Gloria, Cuba. Stephens, C. F., La Gloria, Cuba. Stroebele, Rev. Albert, Piloto, Via Nuevitas, Cuba.
Tanner, Perry E., Ceballos, Cuba. Taylor, M. S., Candelaria, Cuba. Taylor, L. W., Methuen, Mass. Thomas, W. B., Ceballos, Cuba. Tolksdorff, E. E., Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. Tosca, Prof. Pedro, Quinta "Tosca", Matanzas,
Cuba.
Tripp, W. H., Herradura, Cuba. Tucker, F. L., Santa F6, Isle of Pines. Tucker, E. C., P. O. Box 957, Tulsa, Oklahoma. Tucker, F. N., Santa F6, Isle of Pines.
Utter, Debbert, Lake Beulah, Wisconsin.
Van Ettep, F. M., 238 Delaware Ave., Buffalo, N. Y. Van Maitre, Win., Columbia, Isle of Pines. Van Schoonhoven, C., Manacas, Cuba. Van Vranken, M. B., 207 Houseman Block, Grand
Rapids, Mich.
Villaume, V., Sr., Herradura, Cuba. Villaume, V. Jr., Herradura, Cuba.
Ware, S. N., La Gloria, Cuba. Wells, E. E., Mercaderes 11, Havana, Cuba. Wegeman, A. H., Santa F6, Isle of Pines. Wellwood, Jay, Herradura, Cuba. Wellwood, Clarence, Herradura, Cuba. Werder, Dr. X. O., Mersey Hospital, Pittsburg, Pa.




16
Weiard, Frank, McKinley, Isle of Pines. White, Earle, Bartle, Cuba. Whitney, Chas. P., S. W. Cor. Madison & Lasalle
Sts., Chicago, Illa.
Willis, E. A., Santa F6, Isle of Pines. Wilcox & Tracy, Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines. Wolfe, C. D., La Gloria, Cuba.
Young, Henry A., Carnag-iey, Cuba. Young, Geo. F., McKinley, Isle of Pines. Young, Chas. F., McKinley, Isle of Pines. Young, L. W., Pinar del Rio, Cuba. Young, Albert B., 1032 Niagara St., Buffalo, N. Y.




Constitution
ARTICLE 1. The name of the Association shall be THE CUBAN NATIONAL HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY.
ARTICLE 2. -Its object shall be to advance the horticultural interests of Cuba in all branches.
ARTICLE 3. The iemnbers of this Society shall consist of persons interested in raising the products of the soil, or its allied interests.
ARTICLE 4. Any person who is interested as per Article 3 may become a member of this Society by making application to the Sercetary and paying the annual dues. Said dues being payable at the beginning of each calender year.
ARTICLE 5. The officers of this Society shall consist of a President, one Vice President for each province of Cuba and one for the Isle of Pines, a Secretary and Treasurer and an Executive Commitee of five members, three of which shall be the President, Secretary and Treasurer of the Society. These various members shall be elected by ballot at the annual meeting. Their term of office shall begin at the close of the meeting at which they are elected and shall continue until the close of the following annual meeting. The outgoing Secretary, however, shall be charged with the proceedings of the meeting at which he officiated, the newly elected Secretary assuming all other duties.
ARTICLE 6. The annual election of officers shall take place at 3 o'clock P. M. on the second day of the annual meeting.




18
ARTICLE 7.- The duties of the officers of this Society shall be those usually performed by the officers of like organizations.
ARTICLE 8.-The Vice President from the province in which the annual meeting is held shall be considered the Senior Vice President and shall act as President in the absence of that officer.




By Laws
I. The annual dues of this Society shall be one dollar Am. currency, and life membership ten dollars.
II. The Executive Committee shall have power to fill all vacancies which occur between the annual meetings.
III The Standing Committees of this Society shall consist of three, or more, members, and shall be appointed by the President on the approval of the Executive Comnnittee.
IV The Chairman of each Standing Committee shall make a written report for each annual meeting, and as often between meetings as may be requested by the Executive Committee.
V.- This Society shall have the following Standing Committees:
1 Transportation.
2. Packages and Packing.
3.- Marketing and Storing of Fruits.
4. Citrus Fruit.
5. Pineapples.
6. Vegetables.
7. Native Fruits.
8. Fruits of the Temperate Zone.
9. Ornamentals.
10. Orchard Management. 11. Tobacco. 12. Diseases and Insects. 13. Legislation and Relations with Government.




Introduction
The Cuban National Horticultural Society was organized September the 12th 1906 at a meeting held in Havana by some of the American fruit growers of Cuba. Fifty-two members were enrolled before the First Annual Meeting, held May 20th, 1907, and a 64 page report was published by the Society.
The Second Annual Meeting was held January the 6th and 7th, 1908 and the Society had enrolled 275 members for that year, of which ten were life members. A 120 page report of that meeting was published and widely distributed.
The object of the Society, as stated in the constitution, is to advance the horticultural interests of Cuba in all its branches. Much could be included under this broad definition but it soon becanie apparent that the Society ,could not undertake anything in the nature of a business organization and a separate Society, called the Growers and Shippers Association of Cuba, which is in no way connected with the Horticultural Society, was organized September 22, 1908.
The Third Annual Meeting, which is reported in this volume, was held in Havana January 21, 22 and 23, 1909.
The first session was opened with prayer by Rev. Mr. Colmore and six sessions of three hours each were held during the three days. The sessions were held in the hall of the Centro Asturiano and the Horticultural Exhibit in connection with the meeting was held in the exhibition room of Messrs. Harris Bros. Company, 108 O'Reilly St.
Several of the papers includecl in this report were read by title and consequently not discussed as the




21
time would not admit treating all of the subjects on the program.
None of the sessions were as well attended as could be desired, which was wholly on account of the exhibition. Most of the members present were also exhibitors and for them it was business as well as pleasure to remain by their exhibits. The exhibition which was open six days was visited by 50,000 people at a low estimate, aiong whom were many government officials, including the Honorable Julio de Crdenas, Mayor of Havana and the Honorable Ortelio Foyo, Secretary of Agriculture, who also addressed the Society at one of its sessions, giving the assurance of hearty cooperation in future work.




Contents
Presidents Annual Adress by Col. S. S. Harvey. Report of Standing Committee on Citrus Fruits by
Prof. C. F. Austin.
Citrus Fruits on Savana Lands by Mr. L. M. Patterson.
Orchard Management by Mr. Thos. R. Towns. An Experiment on Orchard Cultivation by Prof. F.
S. Earle.
The Blue Green Beetle by Prof. J. S. Houser. Report of Standing Committee on Insects ((Jd Diseases by Prof. Wim. T. Horne.
Pineapple Culture by Prof. C. F. Austin. Pineapple Culture by ,Sr. Jos6 Miguel Trujillo. Report on Pineapples by Mr. Geo. W. Mace. Report on The Progress of the Fruit and Vegetable
Industry in the Province of Santiago de Cuba by
Mr. Thos. R. Towns.
Progress of the Fruit and Vegetable Industry in the
Western part of Santiago de Cuba Province by
Mr. E. C. Peirson.
Progress of the Fruit and Vegetable Inlustry ini Matanzas Province by Mr. D. H. Howell.
Progress of the Fruit and Vegetable Industry in Pinar del Rio Province by Mr. E. W. Halstead.
Progress of the Fruit and Vegetable Industry in the
Isle of Pines by Mr. Fred C. Mason.
Report of the Standing Committee on Vegetables
by Prof. F. S. Earle.
Egg Plant by MT. W. B. Fulton. Tomato Culture by Mr. Julius Handback. Marketing by Mr. Fred C. Mason. The Mango by Mr. H. A. Van Herman. The Preservation of Native Fruit and Ornamental
Trees by Mr. F. L. Cervantes.




Some New and Introduced Plants by T. R. Ramsdell
Ph. D. M. D.
The Farmiers Dooryard by Mr. Lindley Collins. The Avocado by Mr. H. A. Van Herman. Bananas by Prof. C. F. Austin. Strawberry Culture by Mr. W. P. Ladd. Evaporation from the Soil by Prof. H. Hassellbring
Ph. D.
Value of a Local Growers Organization by Mr. A. B.
Storms.
Report of Standing Committee on Transportation
by Capt. L. S. Melrvln.
Report of Committee on Quaran tine Law by Col. H.
E. Havens.
Report of Secretary by Mr. H. C. Henricksen. Report of the Treasurer by Mr. S. L. Laughlin. Election of Officers.
Appointment Committees:
a Committee on Legislation.
b Committee on Awards.
c Committee on Final Resolutions.
d Committee on Auditing.
e Committee on Constitution.
f Committee to call on the President. Report of Committee on Auditing. Report of Committee on Constitution. Report of Committee Appointed to Visit The President Elect and invite him to visit the Horticultural Fair.
Report of Committee on Awards.




President's Annual Address
By COL. S. S. HARVEY
Members of the Cuban Nat. Horticultural Society:
It is my pleasant duty as President, to greet you on assembling this year, and as is customary, address you, calling your attention to matters of interest to our organization.
The most important matter to call your attention to is the Secretary's report. From it will be seen that the Society has increased in membership materially, and that the business of the Society has been ably handled by the Secretary. It was rare good fortune that the Society secured so able a man as Mr. II. C. Henricksen for Secretary for this year. It is not alone his very great ability as an educated agriculturist and business man, but the fact that he has been able to give the Society an amount of work that if measured in dollars value it would be impossible for the Society to pay. In this connection, I most earnestly urge on our organization the necessity of providing compensation to the Secretary of the body for the large and increasing labor of the Secretary's office. This is a matter I beg the Society not to ignore. I know by experience the past year with the Secretary and the employees in his office that it is not to be expected or desiderable that such an amount of work should be performed by the Secretary of this Society without compensation.
A matter f the greatest importance to the citrus fruit and vegetable growers of Cuba is the tariff on products entering the United States. It is well known that an extra session of Congress will be called in March to consider the tariff question. A conunitee of the House of Representatives of the United States




has had for the past several months the proposed new schedules under consideration. Before that committee has appeared, representatives of the agricultural interests of the United States, making strong pleas for the retention, or increase, of the present duties., The ten million dollars invested in Cuba, in fruit and vegetable interests has not been represented before that committee. It is a case of sleeping while your interests are in great danger. I consider it impossible to meet with reasonable commercial success here in the citrus industry with the present tariff against it in existence.
The reciprocal trade relations between Cuba and the United States is at present beneficial but could be materially improved as to the fruit industry, if proper interest is taken when the treaty is next up for consideration. The Horticultural Society should take some interest in this matter.
Beginning with the initial effort of a little over a year since the members of the Society have come to expect and desire an annual exhibition of agricultural products. If continued by the Society in the future there should be careful consideration of plan and scope. Probably a special committee designated to take charge of the entire matter.
The first exhibition of Cuban products was opened at Prado 99, Havana, on January 6th, 1908. The initial work was performed by Prof. C. F. Austin, Prof. H. C. Henrickson and myself. We were ably backed and assisted by members of the Horticultural Society and ladies who took an active interest in making it a success. While small, it was a great success, and attracted much attention, especially from those who had doubted the possibility of raising the very best of citrus fruits and vegetables in Cuba.
It attracted the attention of Cubans, even to the politicians, as they immediately got up a second exhibition. A number of Cubans have become members of our organization, and during this meeting we will have some valuable papers from Cuban gentlemen. If we can print the present proceedings in




Spanish, I feel sure our membership -will increase to double its present number during the coming year. No better illustration of the want of knowledge of the horticultural possibilities of Cuba could be, than an incident of that January exhibition. An elderly Cuban lady, after going over the exhibits, asked me if it were possible that all of it was raised in Cuba. After being assured that all of it was Cuban products, she said, 11 was born in Cuba, I have raised a f amily here, we are planters, and are wealthy, or well-to-do. If I had -supposed all this lovely fruit and vegetables could have been raised here, we would have had much of it e'er this. I will make the boys start in at once".
After the January exhibition, the Festival Committee of the City, headed by the Mayor, decided to hold a second exhibition of products as part of the entertainment during the Carnival. The Acting Secretary of the Island Government, was the designated head of a committee that, had charge of the March exhibition. I was invited by Dr. Vildosola, Acting Secretary of Agriculture, to become a member of that Committee and assist them in organizing an exhibition. I accepted on the grounds that it was to the interests of the members of the Horticultural Society to work in harmony with the Agricultural Department of Cuba.
During the past year it hoped and expected that a building would at least be started suitable for a permanent exhibition of Cuban products. I felt sure Governor Magoon was in sympathy with the idea and would give government aid to the matter. In June :1 consulted with the Governor about it. The income of the Government had fallen off so much and so rapidly that it was impossible to secure assistance in starting a building or preparing the grounds. I met the Governor several times later but there was no improvement in income. I tried to interest the City authorities but failed in that. In November, your Executive Committee met and after careful consideration of the situation decided to hold an exhibition in January on lines similar to our last




January exhibition. Af ter much labor and time in trying to find a suitable location f or the exhibition, M~essrs. Harris Bros, off ered us the use of the present location free of charge. Your Committee accepted the offer and at once gave notice for a January exhibit. They solicited premiums, from the business houses of Havana, and succeded in getting offered a very respectable amount.
After much of the work had been done and it was very much work to do it your Secretary and myself were invited to a meeting by the Mayor (Alcalde) of Havana to consider holding an exhibition during the coming Carnival season, to come on about the first of March. After several consultations, your Executive Conmmittee decided to go ahead, and have an exhibit ourselves, as originally intended. The Carnival Conmmittee will hold a second exhibition abount March 1st.
The matter was settled without unpleasant friction; in fact, each agreeing to assist the other. I stipulated with his Honor, the Mayor, that he raise as much as $.5,000-00 for premiums for the March exhibition, as our people could not afford to hold products for that fair without very considerable premiums were offered.
The situation is not desirable. It would be much better -that the expense, labor, and time should be expended on one effort. It would result in more good to agriculture, and I hope that the City and the Island Government may be induced to prepare suitable grounds and a suitable building for permanent exhibitions.
Agricultural interests are sadly neglected by the powers that be, in Cuba. I fully believe that organization, united effort, can bring about a change for the better. Look over the appropriations by the Govxerment and one will find the Agricultural Department at the tail end, when it should be the one department more liberally supplied than any other, for here all depends on the agricultural productions of the Island. The money the bankers, brokers and




merchants do business with, the diamonds, silks, satins and fine raiment the ladies wear, the clothing, f ood and houses of the wealthy and the poor, the Judges salary and the lawyers' fees, all come f rom agriculture. It is the only source of income.
I suggested to a prominent Cuban gentleman, that -1 know feels a deep interest in agriculture, that the Cuban people had just elected a gentleman President, that while he he was a General, and evidently somewhat of a politician, was first and greatest an agriculturist, and that we could expect something better for the Agricultural Department in the future. The gentleman shook his head. I suggested that thorough organization of the agricultural interests could influence the situation. He said no to have influence one must have taken his machette, gone to the woods and become a Colonel or General.
With it all I hope for -muore consideration from th e new Government f or the Agricultural stations, agricultural schools, and a first class agricultural college, where the Cuban youth can be educated in that which is of more importance to his country- than anything he can learn in a bank, lawyers office or behind a counter.
I feel sure that General Gomez, as President, will hark back to his first love, and show a deep interest in agricultural matters.
I1 most earnestly thank the members of the Hlorticultural Society for the great honor done me, in electing me President for the year now closing. I as earnestly ask to be relieved by your electing someone of the many able members you have to the Presidency for the ensuing year. It will be a labor of love to mie t(, serve the Society under any President von may elect, in any and all ways that are possible.




Report of Standing Committee on
Citrus Fruits
BY PROF C. F. AUSTIN
Mr. Presideid and Members of the Society:
The report of the Citrus Fruit Committee will be
largely what the Chairman has to give, for after (arefully writing the other members of the Cormmittee he has been unable to get any information from them.
The question of varieties of citrus fruits is in about the same tangle that it always has been. During the past year there have been several prominent fruit growers from Florida on the Island and I have also sent a good many specimens away for indentification, but up to the present time have but very little information regarding definite varieties.
The list of published varieties remains practically unchanged from what was given in the last report.
One of the interesting conditions has been the earliness with which navel oranges mature in this Country. They are proving to be one of our earliest oranges, very often the first setting of fruits is edible in the latter part of August and early September. Their quality is also proving very good when grown on the lighter lands. My observation has been that when oranges are carefully sprayed so as to be free from rust mite they are developing good color on the older trees that have had good cultivation and fertilization.
It may not be out of place for us here to say a few words about a question of cultivation and to suggest a method for this work. This method will not meet all requirements for there will be exceptions to every




method suggested. The method that we have followed with the best results has been to sow some cover crops in the orange grove during the rainy season. This should be put in any time from April to June according to the weather conditions. We have found it best to sow them in rows and give a few cultivations so as to get the plants well started. After the plants begin to cover the ground well, cultivation may be laid aside until time to plow under the cover crop in the fall which under no conditions should be latter than the latter part of September or early October. The ground should then be carefully nDlowed and harrowed and kept in clean cultivation until time to sow the crop in the spring again. By clean cultivation we mean working the soil up thoroughly and having it free from grass and weeds and going over the ground with a harrow at least once a week.
My observation has been that very few of our planters give their groves the care and attention they should receive in regard to cultivation. This is the foundation of successful fruit growing and it must be carefully followed in some form in order to make a success. This brief outline brings up a few questions that will probably be asked. One is what shall we use for a cover crop and in answer to this I will say that there is probably no one plant that is adapted to all soils and conditions. The plant to my mind that comes-the nearest to this condition is the velvet-bean. Other crops that have given good success are cow-peas, beggar weed, canavalia gladiata, etc. The next question is how are we going keep the vines off the trees. We have found this very easily done by having the men as they hoe the trees work the vines away or if they are very troublesome a man with a machete will easily keep them down.
I believe that to make a success with citrus fruits some from of irrigation must be provided, for every year since we have been here there has been long spells when the trees suffer from the want of water and this is specially true as the trees come into heavy bearing. By careful cultivation we may be able to




31
grow the trees until the bearing age is reached but every condition points strongly to the fact that we must have more water than is naturally provided for the development of this industry.




Citrus Fruits on Savana Lands
BY L. M. PATTERSON
Mr. Chairman and Members of the Cuban National
Horticultural Society:
I have been assigned the subject for a short paper on Citrus Fruits on Savana Lands.
I wish to state that my experience in citrus fruit culture has been confined to the last four years and consequently am not in as good a position, possibly, to give advice and information on this subject as many of you who are here present to-day; but I am willing to do my little part and possibly my few limited ideas may cause discussion that may prove interesting as well as profitable to those interested in citrus fruit culture.
The idea that most foreigners, and especially Americans, have, who are contemplating coming to Cuba to embark in the citrus fruit busin ess, seems to be that one can with but very little effort produce citrus fruits any where in Cuba. That may be true tc a certain extent but it should be remembered that all countries, as yell as Cuba, however rich in their producing qualities, contain a variety of soils, and those who would excel in the production of any particular kind of crop must select his soil and have great care in regard to the location and drainage and other matters that enter into the successful production of that particular kind of crop. It seems to me that the main thought that every one who is contemplating growing citrus fruits should be, what kind of land will produce the very best fruit with the least possible expense and its location such that his fruit can easily be marketed at the lowest possible cost for transportation.




It seems natural that most people should judge the different kinds of land by their ability to produce crops with which they are most acquainted. This is not always a safe proposition. Each kind of land has its purpose and each kind of land will yield bounteously if planted to the kind of crop that is best suited to the chemical make-up of such land. Ask our Cuban friends if savana land will produce cane and they will shake their heads. Ask them if fancy Havana wrapper can be grown in every place in Cuba and they will promptly answer no. Showing that there are only certain kinds of land that will prove a success in the production of these kinds of crops.
The writer has visited citrus groves in many places in Cuba, from the old plantation black lands and the heavy red lands to the lighter soils of the savana districts and I have found that the owners of the heavy lands were having a great deal of trouble in caring for their groves and some of them had almost given up in despair at not being able to keep the Pard grass subdued, that almost always is found ii, heavy lands. I have also found that the owners of groves on the lighter soils or savanas were having a comparative easy time and generally had clean groves.
I have found that many groves on the heavier lands were not well drained nor could they easily be, but that the groves on savana land, if they needed drainage at all, could easily be drained.
I have found that while the heavier soils did not need as much fertilizer as the savana, yet, the saving in cost of the care of a grove on the savana land would more than pay for the extra fertilizer. I believe that savana land with a good subsoil will hold moisture and carry a grove through the long dry seasons, which occur in Cuba every winter, better than any other kind of land with which the writer is acquainted, and during the wet season, the savana being usually much better drained, the excessive rains will not seriously affect the grove, as the water soon runs off and in a very short time after such heavy rains the




soil can be cultivated, which means very much in keeping ahead of the grass and weeds and in preventing the land from baking.
I have seen very few producing groves on savana land but those that I have seen convince me that the savana lands ought to grow in favor for citrus fruit purposes.
1st. It costs less to clear, plow and prepare the land.
2nd. It costs less to care for the grove after it is set out.
3rd.- It holds moisture well if well cultivated.
4th. It can be cultivated at ahnost any time of the year.
Notwithstanding that I believe that savana land is the best, all things considered, for citrus fruits, Yet no land will produce good fruit without a great deal of constant care. One should analyze and study his soil and add to it in fertilizer what it lacks in chemical properties to produce the very best fruit possible.
One should not be satisfied merely with good fruit but with the best fruit.
Most savana land has been burned over year after year for many years, consequently it is lacking in humus and nitrogen which must be supplied in some way.
By all means never burn any grass or weeds; plow them all down and in a few years you will be surprised at the difference in your soil and even without any fertilizer this grass and weeds will assist in holding the moisture in the land during the dry season and will also act as a preventive against the washing of the land during heavy rains.
Never burn grass or weeds on savana land.
Always plow it down.
Grub out all the stumps before setting trees.
Plow well and harrow well.
If possible grow one or two crops of cow peas or velvet beans on the land and plow them down before setting out the trees.
Get the very best trees obtainable.




Don't set out more than you can care for well.
Have an eye on the demands of the market and set out up to date varieties.
Never let the grass grow in your grove.
Cultivate thoroughly and often.
In the dry season keep the soil loose and the top well harrowed with a fine tooth harrow so as to form a dust mulch. This will prevent to a great extent the moisture in the soil from evaporating.
In the wet season, as soon as possible after each heavy rain, harrow again. This will keep the land from baking.
Permit no growth on the tress but what you want there.
Train the little tree as it should be and when it is grown it will be a delight to the eye and a money producer.
Care for it as you would a little child. Feed it.
Nurse it when sick.
Protect it from insects and other things that injure and annoy it and in due time it will repay you many fold.
DISCUSSION
Henricksen. For those who are not acquainted with Cuban soils, will Mr. Patterson please describe Savanna lands.
Patter8on. There are, I believe, several kinds of Savanna lands. The Savanna lands that I have had experience with more particularly, are those that grow the high palm, the leaves of which are used for roofing purposes. One kind of soil is a sandy loam that we would term a grayish black; not exactly black loam, but what you might call a gray sandy loam with a gravelly sub-soil. Some have a sub-soil of a hard, sticky clay but that is not the kind I have reference to. You will find in almost all Savanna land, spots of hardpan under the top soil, and as a rule, I would not consider that a very good place for a tree, but the Savanna soil that is sandy, that is, of a




grayish black color with a gravelly sub-soil, is what 1 consider the best for citrus trees. That, I believe, is in some places, called Pine Land.
Castler. With reference to what Mr. Patterson said in his paper, about the plowing under of green vegetable matter, I would say that it has been my experience that if grass is plowed under while it is green, it will cause the land to become sour.
Patterson. I mow the grass, letting it get thoroughly dry and then have men go with forks and put it into the furrows, and plow it under. I would not be in favor of plowing green grasses under.
Dr. Ramsdell. I am in favor of plowing so as to have the furrows stand on edge and not harrow very soon after. That will, in some measure, prevent the souring of the soil, as it lets in some air.
Laughlin.- I would like to make a suggestion. We use a large cut away disc harrow. I Ilave had nine years experience with it. It is the finest thing we have ever found to subdue the grass and mix it, with the soil. I am very much in favor of the Cuban, plow for certain purposes. The way it is used in Cuba the soil is ridged up and exposed to the air, in which condition it soon becomes mellow.
Pearson. -As different experiences are being related, I have mine to relate. I came to the Island about three years ago. I had to study a good deal as to how best to handle the grass oil this prairie land and came to this conclusion. I let it burn over in the winter and early in the spring take a plow and plow about three inches deep, turning it over; then take a disc harrow and work it down.
Harvey. The last of April or the first of May, I paid a visit to the Isle of Pines and visited probably 70 or 75 groves. I was on more than a hundred clearings. I observed very carefully the results of cultivation and of noncultivation, and of partial cultivation by working around the trees. I found in every case, at te tail end of the long, dry season, that where the ground had been thoroughly cultivated and harrowed and kept thoroughly pulverized, that the citrus




37
trees of all kinds looked well and did well. They were suffering but little. In cases where they had worked arouLnd the trees to six or 8 f eet, there was a partially good showing. In cases where the grass was left to grow (and some had allowed it to do so) their trees were in a bad condition and I think almost every one of them recognized that they had made a great mistake in letting the grass grow in their orchards. This is the experience I wanted to relate and believe it of interest.




Orchard Management
BY TIHOS. B. TOWNS
Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Society:
Our Executive Committee as well as the Chairmian of this Committee have given me the same subject as at our former meeting. It takes me back to school days when the teacher looked stern, and said Boy take that lesson over again.
Orchand Management from a business standpoint.
In my paper of a year ago, I gave my views of labor, how best to handle it, the kind of laborers etc. Before going further I would ask the Society, after the reading of a paper that it be discussed, where there is any one who feels that he does not entirely agree with the writer. There is not enough discussion among ourselves on these papers, and if you have troubles not touched on by any of the papers, make them known; we have taken the time to come here, therefore let us try and profit by the exchange of ideas and discussion.
Now to orchard management. To ever have an orchard to manage, you must have soil capable of making one. There are some soils where the crusty formation is so near the top, that it is not possible to make a grove; if a tap root cannot penetrate it, you don't want it. However the roots of an orange tree are very deceptive, and penetrate many soils that look nearly impossible. The drainage on hardpan soils must be by evaporation, and sourness prevents the proper nutrition and growth of plants. Having gotten a good piece of land properly located, you need some good trees to plant thereon. Some say that they must be budded on trifoliata, sour orange, rough lemon, ponderosa lemon, shaddock, lime grape fruit,




or sweet orange roots. I like them all except the sweet orange which will, without any seeming cause, gum. Any of the others mentioned are good stocks and if the roots are not plowed to pieces at too frequent intervals, will not gum to hurt. If you will watch your trees, and find any gumming, take a prunning knife and cut from ground up several feet, as deep as the knife will penetrate. This will allow all the gum to escape, and the tree will soon be healthy again. At least three cuts should be made to drain the tree of gum,the tree cannot exudate this substance through its leaves, as it does other refuse from its feeding. The knives used in cutting should be sterilized after cutting each tree. If this cutting is not done early the gumming spreads, puffs the fruit, and frequently kills the tree; the stock is condemned as a bleeder, or liable to foot rot, or mal de goma and is no good, when just the opposite is true. Without the rough lemon, ponderosa lemon, and shaddock as bud stocks, the citrus fruit business would never be a complete success. On the shaddock and ponderosa lemon, I am getting two crops of navels yearly. Everbearers, June and November. No need of any valencias, when you can have rich juicy navels all summer. I am not positive but think I have a grape fruit that is an everbearer on these stocks. In my exhibit, I have fruit from a grape fruit, on shaddock roots, that bloomed in October 1907, May 1908, and October 1908, when spring or fall comes, and the tree is not loaded with fruit, it puts on the deficiency. I am getting entirely away from my subject of orchard management, but we must have something to manage, and when I am through with this paper, I would ask a discussion of stocks, would like to hear from growers, and brother nurserymen.
Time to plant trees. Trees should be engaged ahead and planted as soon after the spring rains as possible. October, November, and December are also good months. When you get-your ground ready, and before it grows up to grass and weeds you should get it planted, this idea of letting ground stand a year is all bosh on citrus soils; it may do on soils where little




or nothing will grow, and you work it a year to get up soil action but such soil should never be planted. With your trees planted get a cover crop started to control the grass and weeds, on grass lands and the bushes on timber lands. If planting on grass lands, a strip should be plowed six to eight feet wide in the tree rows. Plant both trees and cover crop on this strip, and break the centers at your leisure.
COVER CROP
I have always advocated velvet beans, they are a splendid cover crop, but since trying the beans distributed by the Experimental Station two years ago, the dolichos lab lab, I am inclined to favor them; they are the most vigorous grower on all soils I ever saw, covering the ground completely. With me they are perenial bearing their crops in February and March of each year, very prolific, edible for both man and beast, with an enormous amount of leaves continually falling and enriching the soil; I am very pround of them and hope to see them generally used. I find that going over the grove monthly during the growing period, will be sufficient to keep trees free of cover crop vines. I am satisfied that soils lacking in hunmus, will be greatly benefited by them, they check the grass and weeds, preserve the moisture, and enrich the soil, feeding the owner his cow and hog. If the grower should wish to plow the crop of vines under, it can be easily done with a disc plow. There are some who do not believe in a cover crop, and wish to crop the middles between the trees, for all such, I would suggest pine apples, tomatoes, or siniilar crops, these crops will reduce the cost of the grove care very materially and if a community canning plant is handy, the small crops will cover the cost of grove care. Each colony or community should have its cannery and preserving plant, to use all ripe vegetables, pine apples, and other fruits; cull oranges make as fine preserves and marmalades as the best stem cut fruit. The tidal wave of prohibition that is sweeping Uncle Sam's domain, is




opening the way for fruit juices like the orange, and grape fruit, to be used similar to the splendid grape juices used at cool drink parlors. The preparation and sale of these goods can be made highly profitable to producers and sellers alike.
We have gotten our grove planted with either cover crop or, not as the owner cares, I would suggest that with either plan, the trees be kept clean with a hoe a yard in each direction, at the end of a year some pruning can be done with the shears, opening up the inside of the tree, and distributing the limbs to remain, and every few months thereafter the trees should be gone over pruning only where needed, taking off any fruit up to the third year planted, when the tree should be large enough to carry some fruit; the size of the tree should determine the amount. Young trees will frequently load up on one side and tilt the tree over to such an extent that the tap root is weakened, two or three of the best limbs broken of etc., the fruit scissors must be used before the damage occurs, fruit props can also be used profitably; where too much fruit is left on the tree it will be undersized and will not bring the owner a profit. From Cuba it will not pay to ship anything but the very best of fruit, packed in the best of shape, this applies to anything shipped out of Cuba. The cannery and preservery must exist to take care of the part we do not ship, we can ship a ripe tomato in a can -but not in a crate, the cul or skin blenmished oranges must be sent out as marmalades and preserves not as fruit. To do the grading and packing that will be neccessary it would seem to me that the grower would find it most convenient to send his fruit to a central packing house, where grading and packing is done by those who thoroughlN- understand How to grade and pack. A uniform commercial pack will sell your products for a much better -price, than even fancy fruit improperly graded and packed. There will be a time, and I hope not far distant, when each port of embarcation will have its packing houses and sales department; I am a great




believer in selling at home if you can, ship when you cannot. During the second year some spraying should be done. If commenced in time and carefully looked after there is little to fear, while there are some pernicious scale, all is successfully combated. Your neighbor should also keep his trees clean, or yours will suffer. Some growers make the mistake of allowing their trees to get quite full of scale, thinking, that when they do get at it they will use the spray double strength, and kill it all. It is a mistake, you will find that any spray used too powerfully is very hard on the trees, something mild is better even if you have to use it two or more times to clean your trees, usually two sprayings a year are sufficient, be your own judge, but keep your trees clean: you will also have to decide about feeding your trees, generally speaking, all the open lands planted to grove should be fed after trees have reached one year planted. Ammoniated plant food will make a quick tree, the amounts to use and the kinds will be determined by the grove owner; he sees what his neighbor does, and corrects his errors, or copies him.
DISCUSSION
Mason. On the Isle of Pines, it has been my experience that it is best to have a small nursery for our own grove and I have watched a great many who have had the same experience. On all lands in, the Isle of Pines, we have noticed that the sour stock has proved by far the best stock. I might say that the grapefruit has proved a very good stock also, but I think, from my own experience, that there has been more gumming from the grapefruit stock than the other.
Prof. Earle. It was my good fortune last summer to spend two days with my friend Prof. Rolfs, of the Florida Experiment Station. He is the best posted man in the state of Florida on everything connected with fruit growing. I told him we had been discussing this a good deal in Cuba. He stepped over to the wall and drew his finger across a map of Flor-




ida, about at Jacksonville and said that there was only one stock worth planting there and that is trifoliata. About half way down the state he drew another line and said the best stock to use there is the sour orange. He drew another line still further down the state where the grapefruit stock is the best to use and the remaining part of the state, the rough lemon should be used, and it is probable that there is no such thing as the best stock in Cuba. There are many soil areas here and we will find certainly that one stock will be better for one class of soil and another for another class of soil. Again, we have a large range of citrus fruit here in Cuba and it seems that some of these are better adapted to one stock and some to others and I feel sure we will not without further experience agree as to the best stock.
Newsom., I lived in Florida 35 years and from my experience there, as well as in La Gloria, I1 find the sour stock the best all around stock. I note what Brother Towns says about having two crops of navels on citron stock. I1 can show him the same thing in La Gloria on sour orange stock and will give him some good Washington Navels, as good as he ever ate, every month in the year. The navel is considered a shy bearer everywhere, but they can be made to bear and to hold the fruit by running a knife around the trunk of the tree cutting through the bark, but not removing any of the bark, when the blossoms are about half grown, before they are open. You will find that those you girdle will hold all the fruit you want them to bear, whereas the others will have less fruit.
Patterson. I would like to ask a question. I have been told by a number of gentlemen who have had a great deal of experience, that after transplanting a tree budded on the lemon root, that the tap root is not liable to grow much longer and does not run down as it should, like the sour orange for instance.
Towins. We discussed that, I believe, at our first meeting. We had a paper by Mr. Van Hermann, who stated that the rough lemon had no tap root. If it were possible that the rough lemon had no tap root,




I think I should double my planting, because there are a number of hardpan soils in Cuba, the owners of which would pay me four prices for that class of tree. My experience with the rough lemon, or in fact with the entire citrus family, is that all have a tap root.
Collins. Two years ago this question was discussed by Mr. Mace and Mr. Van Hermann and they found that the rough lemon had little, if any tap root. I had occasion a few years ago to set out about 1,600 rough lemon trees of the age of one year from the bud. I could take the rough lemons and set them in a row on top of the ground and they would nearly all stand up. There were plenty of laterals, but there was no tap root to tip those trees over. Now Mr. Towns tells you that the trouble came from transferring the tree from the seed bed to the nursery. If it was an isolated case and I found one tree in ten, I would agree with Mr. Towns. I think there is no question, but that the tap root of the rough lemon is a short root. The question, however, is which is the best for us to plant? The rough lemon while young is nearly three times as large as the sour orange, the sour orange making a much slower growth than the rough lemon or the shaddock. But will the rough lemon and the shaddock withstand the drouth as well as the sour orange with the deeper root system? We can get a tree much quicker if we take the rough lemon or the shaddock, but I am told that the sour orange in the course of from seven to ten years, will make a growth that will stand side by side with the shaddock of the same age. If this is true and it is a better root and will take care of the tree during the hurricane season, is not the sour orange the best, knowing that it comes into bearing about the same time the others do?
Van Hermann. I will modify my statement of
last year somewhat, but in the main it still holds true. There is a chance of there being a mistake. As long as we have blue green beetles in this country, we will not have much chance to decide which is the better




45
stock, as the grubs eat the roots off, no matter what stock the trees are budded on.
Prof. Earle. I think I am safe in saying that we do not know anything about the question of stocks as yet, but Mr. Van Hermann has made a suggestion that is well worth considering. It is not the question as to which stock has the deepest root but as to which stock will recover the quickest from the grub.




An Experiment in Orchard
Cultivation
BY PROF. F. S. EARLE
The members of the Society will remember that at our first meeting Prof. C. F. Baker, who at that time was still botanist of the Cuban Experiment Station, read a paper on tropical leguminous plants that might prove to be of value here as orchard cover crops, and that he exhibited specimens of a considerable number of them. In the following May he sent me seeds of over twenty kinds and requested that I give them a trial on our sandy lands at Herradura. For want of a better place I planted these seeds in the tree rows between the trees in a two year old orange orchard. Aside from testing these different legmnes on our lands my object was to find some cover crop that could be utilized to keep the ground in the row free from grass while the space between the rows was occupied by vegetables or other crops which prevented cross cultivation. Four or five of the kinds planted seemed to have value for various special purposes but only two gave promise of being serviceable as a permanent cover crop. These were one of the large seeded horse beans Canavalia gladiata and the Gandul or Pidgeon pea, Cajanus Indicus. The first of these at first did not so strongly attract my attention and I failed to save the seed and increase.the planting. The original row however, remains. The bean, which is a half trailing bush rather than a vine, has covered the ground with a dense mass of vegetation three feet thick which keeps down grass perfectly and forms an ideal mulch, the ground beneath the tangled vegetation remaining moist and friable even




in the driest weather. The plant seems to be an efficient nitrogen gatherer and the trees in this row have on the whole made a more satisfactory growth than any of the others. While there is some tendency for it to climb up on the trees it is nothing like as troublesome in this respect as the velvet bean or the Indian bean Dolichos Lablab. The seeds are rather larger than an ordinary lima bean and are produced in a thick fleshy pod eight or ten inches long by an inch and a half or two inches broad. These large fleshy pods are edible when young and may be prepared and cooked exactly like snap beans which they closely resemble in flavor. The beans also are edible but they have a thick tough skin which is objectionable. These few trees are thriving so nicely surrounded by this dense mat of vegetation that it suggests the possibility that they would continue to thrive equally well even if the middles also were planted to this bean, thus doing away with cultivation altogether as where a northern apple orchard is seeded down to red clover. This however, is for the future since the experiment has not yet been tried.
The purpose of this paper is to call attention to the possibility of using the gandul as an aid in orchard management. From the first this plant grew so thrifty as to attract immediate attention. It forms an erect widely branching shrub. At the end of two months it was as high as the trees and by November seeds planted the first week in June had formed a dense hedge six to eight feet high and equally wide that was bending almost to the ground with its weight of seed. The seed is edible, resembling the cow pea in flavor. It is hard and round, about half the size of the common garden pea and is produced in a small flat pod. The pod adheres quite closely to the pea and may be allowed to hang for weeks after it is ripe with little danger of loss from shattering. In India it is a very important food crop and it is largely used in Porto Rico and other American tropical countries. Here in Cuba it is frequently found scattered about native settlements but it does not attract much




attention. The Cuban kind seems usually to be much less fruitful than this one which was imported direct from India by Prof Baker. The gandul is eaten greedily by pigs and chickens and it promises to be a useful grain feed for mules and horses. When grown between the trees it does not form a dense mulch on the ground like the horse bean but it soon shades the ground sufficiently to keep down the grass. It makes an effective wind brake and it gives small treess a certain amount of shade which on the whole seems to be beneficial. Even in the extreme drouth of last winter it did not seem to affect the trees unfavorably. Of course the middles between the rows are being cultivated during the dry season. It is an effective nitrogen gatherer since the roots are plentifully supplied with tubercles. Above all it will grow and thrive if planted at any season of the year when the soil is sufficiently moist to admit of germination. Most of our other soil improving legumes can only be grown successfuly during the rainy season. When planted like this in single rows the stenis grow to be one to two inches thick and become quite woody so that they would be difficult to plow down. If however, the seed is broadcasted thickly or planted closely in drills only separated enough to admit of one or two cultivations the stems would not grow too large to be handled by a disk plow. It can thus be used as an ordinary cover crop for soil improving purposes. It promises to have certain advantages over either cow peas or velvet beans for this purpose. It does not climb on the trees and it will grow during the dry as well as the wet season. Its chief advantage however as a cover crop would be in those cases where it was desired to keep the land occupied for more than one year as in renovating worn out sugar lands. It has the use however in converting ,each tree row into a hedge or wind brake thus avoiding all necessity for cross cultivation that has appealed to me most strongly and during the last year I have planted it in the row between the trees over the greater part of my forty acre orchard. It is necessary to go around two or three times during




the summer and trim it back near the trees in order to prevent crowding.
DISCUSSION
Ramsdell. I am very much pleased with Prof. Earle's description. I raised gaudulas purposely to shade m-y mangoe trees. I planted it in a three quarter circle, leaving the north side open. The plants grow very rapidly and make good shade. The peas are also good to eat when young. I see by comparison that the ones I have raised are much finer than any J have seen in any other places. What I have are perfectly round and white, of very fine flavor and I brought up a peck with me and have them for the benefit of the members of the society to take -what they want.
Prof. Earle. I think by selection we could get the kinds useful for different purposes. I can also say that the trees treated in this way are making a better growth than those that have no shade.
Hlenricksen. -This is very interesting to me. I have watched it in Porto Rico and it seems to me that the only road to success in tropical horticulture is to start with the plant that will grow fast and build up protection for the trees that we intend to grow, and I would like to have that brought out at this meeting. What is the experience, here; what has the gandula, or any~ other plant done in keeping the scale in check ? We found in Porto Rico that bananas, or anything we could get as a wind brake among the trees, would greatly lessen the danger of scale.
Towns. My idea as to the shading of the young tree is that it is very bad, but trees should be protected against winds. Anything planted between *the. trees is a help to them but the trees should not be shaded. The tree must have light, but if it can be protected against the winds, a newly planted tree probably makes double the growth of one left out in the open and not protected. So far as the scale is concerned, I1 do not think the trees are troubled with scale, up to two or three years, if they are clean when




they come from the nurseryman, which they
usually are.
Dr. Ramsdell. I suppose the gentleman is speaking of citrus trees. The cacao and mangosteene have to be shaded. They will not grow in the sunlight. I have mangosteenes growing in that way and believe I am the first man to have grown the tree in this country. If speaking of the citrus fruit, they need light and wind protection.
Cervantes. This gentleman has spoken of mangosteenes. Has that nlant been successfully grown in Cuba ?
Ramsdell.-I have ten mangosteene trees growing. The first two years they grew 1/16 of an inch before they put out leaves, but now they are up to 4 feet high.
Howell. I am very much interested in this question of cover crop. For the past year I have been planting, to some extent the gandula and also the lablab. Three years ago our trees were very scaly and today there is scarcely any scale to be found in the grove at all. I think the cover crop must have something to do with that. Before that time I was spraying my trees all the time. Now there is no scale on the trees at all. The shade of the ground is undoubtedly beneficial.
I might say that the red fungi keep the scale effectually in check in my grove.
Laughlin.- I agree with Mr. Towns in regard to not shading the citrus trees themselves. The smaller plants do not shade the trees but shade the stem of the tree and it gets the sunlight from above in nearly all cases and from what I have noticed of it, it is directly benefited by it.
Prof Earle. -Shading the orange tree completely is very bad, but I am of the opinion that a small amount of shade, such as you get from the gandula plant, on the sunny side of the tree, is an advantage. I don't think heavy shade is advisable at all.
W. S. Brown. I have found that the blue green beetle is very fond of gandula and while working on the gandula they will not bother the orange trees. I




51
planted a row around my place which before had been troubled with the beetles. Now they eat the gandulas and leave the trees alone.
Collins. Is not the gentleman making a breeding place for the blue green beetle?
Lauglin.- I would suggest that he should poison the gandula with Paris Green, thereby making this a beetle trap.
Brown.- I find that the green beetle comes from the "arroyo" along one side of my place and there is something they like about the gandulas and leave the trees alone. The chickens eat them as well.




The Blue-Green Beetle

BY PROF. J. S. HOUSE
Without doubt no other natural condition has a greater bearing upon the production of good citrus products in Cuba than has the so-called blue-green beetle. Like the well known white grub of this and other countries the injury is not confined to work during one stage of the development of the pest, but both as a larva and beetle injury of a most destructive nature is done.
For some time the proper scientific classification of the-blue-green beetle common to Cuba has been in confusion, and in order to settle the matter, sonic time since we sent a miscellaneous collection of the insects to the Bureau of Entomology, United States Department of Agriculture, for examination and comparison with the named species. Mr. Schwarz of the Bureau, reports that our fauna as represented by the collection consists of at least three known species and in addition, one specie which is not described in the literature of Science and hence is new. Further, one of the known species is divided by the separation of a variety, so we have at least five names for the blue-green beetle of Cuba. The list follows, arranged as we believe in the order of economic importance, the more destructive species heading the list: Pachnaeus azurescens, Pachnaeus litws, Pach laeits azurescens variety griseus, Pachnaeus distatis and Pachnaeus new species. It is to Pachnaeus azuiresces that most of the injury to Cuban citrus products may be attributed. We have never collected any of the other species in abundance, and some have been collected in the scrub growth of the hills, in grasy lands and other places only. Nevertheless it is not at




all unlikely that all might become citrus pests under change of conditions as concerns decrease in natural food supply etc.
What the original natural food plants were is undecided. It is known however that the members of the genus Pachia eus are rather general in their feeding habits. According to the observations of Dr. Cook and Mr. Home as recorded in Bulletin No. 9 of the Estaci6n Central Agron6mica, the leaves of the plants of the following list were eaten by the adults while in confinement, with varying degrees of avidity. Citrus sp., cow pea, velvet bean, peanut, pecan, anone, coffee, aguacate, Japonese persimmon, rooster vine (Aristolochia sp.), and rose. In adition to this list we have to add an observation made by Mr. Horne during the past year where the roots of field tobacco were injured by the larva of Pachnaeus litus, one of this year in which we found the larvae doing serious injury to the roots of strawberries; and lastly an observasion made by Mr. H. A. Van Hermann in which the larvae were found injuring the roots of the pigeon pea or gandul. The species of the latter two have not been determined.
The adult beetles appear in the early spring soon after the rainy season begins. If the season starts with extremely heavy, soaking rains, the beetles appear almost en masse, and after the first flush they are not to be seen in quantity throughout the season. The past season was one of this type, the greater portion of the brood appearing during the latter part of May and early June.
If the season is opened with occasional rains of moderate severity, it appears the emergence of the brood is lengthened and we find the beetles appearing in considerable quantities for at least two or three months and probably longer. The season of 1907 in the vicinity of Santiago de las Vegas, was illustrative of this class. Under such conditions there appears to be more than one brood of the pest per year, but at the present time we have no conclusive data to present upon this point.




Upon emergence the beetles crawl up the trunk of the tree and begin feeding voraciously upon the tender foliage of the twig tips, thus disfiguring and checking the growth of the tree. An interesting fact pertaining to the physiology of the beetles at this time, is that for the first day or two following emergence the wing covers or elytra remain sticking together, thus preventing flight. This condition, first observed by Mr. E. W. Halstead has a considerable bearing in an economic way as will be explained later.
Shortly after their appearance, the beetles pair and egglaying soon begins. "The individual eggs are somewhat cylindrical with rounded ends, about nine tenths of a millimeter long by thirty five hundreths of a millimeter broad, shining white in color, and are deposited in two or three layers between two leaves or under the turned margin of a leaf, the surfaces being held together by a sticky material in which the eggs are embedded". To the unacquainted eye, it is difficult to find the egg masses in the field, but when a few have been observed, it is comparatively easy to pick out the leaves which are stuck together. According to the unpublished notes of Mr. HJorne it is entirely possible for one female to deposit at least two thousand eggs and it is estimated that one of the females under observation deposited in the neighborhood of twice that amount during the thirty eight days upon which oviposition occurred.
With the immediately preceding facts in mind the gravity of the blue-green beetle problem seems intensified many times, and it truly would be, were it not for the fact that the journey from the egg mass to the roots is a very precarious one for the newly hatched grubs. About seven days following the placing of the egg mass the tiny white footless grubs or maggots hatch and it is thought by some that the first meal is made upon the epidermis of the protecting leaf. At any rate within a very short time the small insects wriggle out and drop to the ground where they become the prey of the host of small ants and other insects which swarm about.




Being footless they do not crawl readly, hence it is without doubt true that only a very small percentage which falls near the base of the tree and afterwards run the guantlet of their enemies ever reach the feeding ground on the rootlets beneath the surface.
In the event of a safe entrance into the soil, the small roots are eaten first, but later the large roots are attacked and the grub eats its way downward along the root taking off all the bark as it goes in a line slightly wider than its body. According to Mr. Van Hermann in the Proceedings of the Society for last year the grubs may enter the soil to a depth of two feet.
Upon the completion of larval growth pupation occurs in an earthen cell in the soil, and after a time, depending largely as we believe on rainfall, the beetles appear and begin their work as previously described.
The small ants which swarm the fields without doubt destroy countless numbers of the newly hatched larvae after they have fallen to the ground and are attempting to make their way down to the roots of the trees. Theoretically it would seem that clean culture at least about the bases of the trees at the time of hatching would facilitate the work of the ants and afford less chance for the young larvae to make a safe entrance into the soil.
Birds and domestic fowls have a great liking for the adult beetle. It is the practice of some to entice the chickens into the grove during beetle season and shake the trees that the beetles may fall and be eaten. This is a most excellent plan but of couse is applicable to small areas only.
Last year we observed the large yellow and black robber fly, Mallophora scopipeda Rondani, doing excellent work during the beetle season. The beetles were seized by the strong legs and feet of the fly and carried to a near by perch such as a dead weed, and the sharp beak inserted in the body tissues just beneath the wing covers. After the body juices were




extracted the search was resumed for another beetle. The flies were not abundant, and the observation was interesting mainly because it is the first instance we have to record where the adult beetles were destroyed by other insects.
lit has long since been the practice of some growers upon the appearance of the beetles to collect and destroy them. Simple hand picking is the method more commonly employed but a cheaper and more rapid way to do the work is to shake the beetles upon a cloth frame placed beneath the tree. This is especially efficient if the work is done during the first or second day following the emergence of the beetles, for at this time as previously stated the wing covers are stuck together and flight is impossible. The beetles are torpid during the early morning.
Concerning the newer remedial measures, we can scarcely say that the year has not been marked with progress, but our progress is of a nature which will scarcely benefit the grower. We have only succeeded in demonstrating that some of the remedies which have been suggested from time to time are not wholly effective. Generally speaking the investigations have been conducted along three lines: 1st. Laboratory tests with repellants intended to kill the grubs or to drive them from the roots.
2nd. Laboratory tests to determine the susceptibility of the adults to poisons.
3rd. Field tests with poisons to destroy, the adults.
In the laboratory work against the grubs, the insects were placed in pots or boxes containing soil, and water solutions of the following materials added in quantities sufficient to wet the soil but not to mechanically smother the grubs: Potash whale oil soap, lime, tobacco extract, creoline, kainit, common .,salt, kretol and crude carbolic acid. It is useless to ,enter into detail concerning the work as the results of the single experiment were more or less conflicting. Moreover the tests were made with grubs nearly full grown and we believe that the older grubs are




harder to kill than the younger ones. Ve may say however that present indications are against operations of this type.
In our laboratory tests with poisons the beetles were confined in cages with citrus leaves, and counts made of the dead beetles during regular intervals. Paris green at the rate of one pound to one hundred gallons, and arsenate of lead at the rate of three pounds and also six pounds to fifty gallons of water were the poisons used. Because of unforeseen difficulties this series of experiments as with the preceding was not as productive of results as we had anticipated and we only succeeded in determining that at least five or six 'days were required for the poisons to kill fifty percent of the beetles, while some individuals of the remaining fifty percent lived in confinement with poisoned food only, for three weeks or more; that no preference was made between poisoned and non-poisoned food and that no difference could be noticed betwen the killing power of the different poison solutions. During the present season we anticipate doing this, as well as the preceeding series of experiments along more exhaustive lines, eliminating as near as possible the difficulties which arose during the work of the past year.
Our field experiments have been conducted upon nursery stock and have demonstrated three points of interest, viz: 1st. That spraying with poisons cannot be relied upon to fully control the beetle. 2nd. That the ordinary spray mixtures of poisons, with difficulty adhere to the oily, growing shoots of citrus plants. 3rd. That knapsack sprayers are wholly
inadequate for nursery orchard spraying.
In closing the writer wishes to say that he fully realizes the limits of the present paper, that he has been unable to give specific directions for effecting the control of the insect under consideration. And he wishes to repeat that the blue-green beetle problem is the problem for the citrus grower of Cuba. It ranks parallel to the boll weevil problem of the southern states. And as it is now with the boll weevil, so it




58
seems that for some time hence the grower need not hope for a simple effective remedy for the blue-green beetle. The collecting of adults, encouragement of the birds, possibly spraying with poisons and the promoting of the general health of the trees are the best weapons of defense.
DISCUSSIO-N
Dr. Ramsdell. In killing the beetle with the poison is there a danger of killing birds and chickens?
Houser. There would be no danger, because the beetles would contain such small amounts of poison, that it would have no effect on the birds or chickens.




Report of Standing Committee on
Insects and Diseases
BY PROF. WM. T. HORNE
Mr. President aind inembers of the Cuban National
Horticultural Society:
Your committee begs to submit the following report for the year ending December 1908.
About the first half of the year under consideration was excessively dry in most parts of the island and especially in the western provinces, while the rainfall of the second half may be considered as normal. In Cuba, where the variations in temperature are not excessive, the variation in rainfall is the principal controlling factor in agricultural production. This is true mainly on account of the effect of moisture or drouth on the plants themselves, causing them to grow well or poorly and affecting their ability to resist their enemies, but also it is very markedly true on account of the effect of moisture or drouth on the plant diseases and insects themselves.
A few observations may be mentioned here which are not all new but which may be considered as normal and which it is apropriate to record in the transactions of this Society.
CITRUS TROUBLES
The Blue-green Beetle (Pachnaeus):-By all odds the most serious of citrus troubles now in Cuba, as for several years past, is the blue-green beetle, discussed by Mr. Houser in a paper prepared for




this meeting. The drouth has apparently not diminished the number of these beetles nor their injury, while it has prevented the injured trees from forming new roots rapidly. Many trees have been killed but many more have been stunted and have failed to respond to improved conditions, as yet, in a way to promise real recovery. The winter drouths greatly increase the seriousness of this pest and indicate that irrigation together with other intensive measures will be necessary to make the citrus industry a financial success.
Red spiders: -The mites known as red spiders suck the juices from foliage and give it a gray color. They are usually noticed in dry times and mostly disappear in times of heavy showers. During the ex.cessive drouths of the past two years probably all groves suffered considerably unless they had been treated with sulfur. While the injury caused is not liable ever to be of a disastrous nature apparently it will pay to spray with the sulfur preparations wherever the injury by these mites becomes evident during the winter or early spring. Where spraying is done for the rust mite the red spiders will be killed also.
It should be remembered that the rust mite is a different kind of mite from the red spiders. We do not know that it will pay to begin treatment for rust mite before the increase in value of the crop due to the treatment will justify the cost of the operation. What we have said about red spiders applies as much to nurseries and young trees as to those in bearing.
Rust mite: -The drouth of the early part of the past year accentuated the condition known as russet oranges until some fruit was entirely black. It appears that there is only a normal amount of russet fruit this season. Sulfur spraying is being done in some orchards and we understand that results are satisfactory considering that these sprays have only been used for two or three years in Cuba.
Apparently it is going to be necessary to spray all lemon and grape fruit orchards for rust mite as




well as the orchards of oranges intended for export. We do not know how many applications will be necessarv, and this will probably vary in different seasons and in different situations. The application of the dry powder while the trees are wet with dew, and the flours of sulfur with water and flour paste are the forms in which the applications have usually been made.
Scale insects: -Cuba is fortunate in posessing probably all or very nearly all of the seriously injurious scale insects which attack citrus trees. It is a curious fact that an insect in its native home or where it has lived long is not usually desperately injurious. This is because exceptional prosperity makes an insect exeptionaly liable to the attacks of its enemies. It appears to be precisely this principle which makes Cuba fortunate in the matter of scales. Cuba is full of the insects and fungi which destroy scale insects.
Four years and a half ago there was an abundance of the lorida white fly at the Cuban experiment Station at Santiago de las Vegas. Today your comntittee could not agree to find a single living specimen in that neighborhood nor in any other part of the Island. At the same time all citrus and most ornamental plants at certain points (if not all) from Florida to New Orleans are as black as if they were in Pittsburgh from the white fly. Very recently the Experiment Station in Florida has turned its attention away from sprays of resin, soap and kerosene emulsion and cyanide fumigation and has been spraying the fungus diseases on to these white flies extensivelv enough to do some good. The results are very satisfactory.
There is probably not a five year old guava bush from Cape Maisi to Cape San Antonio which has not at some time been affected with a species of white fly closely related to the Florida white fly, and probably half of these affected bushes have been practically cleared by the same fungi which destroys the Florida white fly. Is it any wonder then that the Florida white fly has not prospered in Cuba?




But let us not be too hasty. There are several species of white fly and there are several species of fungi which destroy them we do not know exactly how many in Cuba.
The principal fungus which attacks the guava white fly in Cuba looks like the principal fungus (Aschersonia aleyrodis) which attacks the Florida white fly and the cottony white fly.
We do not know that it is the same fungus, nor is there any one who can tell us whether it is or not. We hope that our Experiment Station can give us this information in positive form at an early date. In the second place we know that there are two white flies which attack citrus trees in Cuba, the Florida white fly and the cottony white fly. We know that the white fly generally found on guava is not either of these but we do not know that either of the species found on orange may not also propagate sometimes on guavas.
Altogether it appears to be safe to say that the citrus grower in Cuba may ignore the white fly problem. However it should be done intelligently; and we do not recommend the introduction of trees infested with white fly or any other pest.
In previous years we have seen the long scale and the oyster shell scale destroyed in a sweeping manner by a gray fungus (Ophionectria coccicola) while during the latter part of the past summer we have seen the round black scale (frequently called the red scale or the Florida red scale, but which is not the red scale of California) attacked in a very effective manner by the red or flaming fungus (Sphaerostilbe coccophila). The round black scale is largely a leaf injuring pest and at the end of the recent drouth it had multiplied in a grove which we had examined so as to cause considerable alarm, but in September it was hard to find one of these scales which did not show the red flame shaped fruit of the fungus at one side.
During the drouth many trees were seriously injured and some killed by scale. We think we may




consider as thoroughly demonstrated now for Cuba that, generally speaking, citrus trees should be protected from serious injury by scale insects during the fall and winter (the dry season) by spraying or by other artificial means, while the natural enemies should be introduced if not already present and be given a free change during the summer (warm and wet season).
It is a general belief and it seems almost axiomatic that a vigorous tree with dense strong foliage, and especially one close to a wind brake, will be a better harbor for the enemies of the scales than a poor thin tree exposed to the rapid drying effect of the wind.
There are possible exceptions to this method just indicated for controlling scale insects. They are the large Cuban turtleback and the Chionaspis, or snow scale. The Cuban turtleback is apparently peculiar to Cuba and if uncontrolled is probably the most destructive of all the scale insects of Citrus trees, although its spread from tree to tree is slow. It has no lack of natural enemies but they are active mainly in spring and summer. Some females manage to hide about chinks in the bark or below the ground and produce young enough to do some harm before the natural enemies find them. What appears to be this identical scale lives on aguacate trees very abundantly and for this reason and on account of the bag worm it will probably not be advisable to plant aguacates and citrus trees near each other.
TheChionaspis or snow scale seems to be rather .exempt from natural enemies. We believe it will pay to keep a young grove entirely free from these two scales for as long as possible.
Orange borer (Apate carinelita) :-More frequent reports than formerly have come to us of injury in young citrus trees by the orange trunk borer, (Apate carmelita), a black beetle about one half inch long. Evidently the insect is brought to the nursery in stakes cut in 'the woods. It may bore into almost any stem from a mahogany sapling to a stem of gandul




or pigeon pea. It is not likely to be more than locally injurious. The insects should be removed with a wire or dug out and the wound closed with cement or putty.
A very small gray beetle has appeared at two places which eats the surface from leaves and fruit, causing bad scars. It has not yet been indentified.
Scab of lemons grape fruit etc.: Scab is one of the diseases which we fear has not received its share of attention. Some very badly scabbed lemons and grape fruits have been sent in to the Experiment Station during the year. It is the disease which causes the warty deformities on young sour orange plants. Lemons should be planted in blocks and in positions as isolated as possible from other citrus fruits which are susceptible to scab, as sour oranges, citron, grape fruit, and Satsuma. It will probably not be necessary to spray grape fruits, but the loss may be considerable if they are near the other susceptible varieties of citrus trees.
Gummosis or foot rot: Our attention was called to a very fine small nursery in Pinar del Rio Province budded on sour stock which was attacked seriously during the past summer by gummosis. The chairman of this committee was unable to visit the nursery, but excellent specimens were sent him. Fire ants were very abundant also and were apparently carrying the disease from one plant to another in addition to injuring the plants by biting. At the suggestion of Prof. Earle the bases of the trees were wet with a 5% solution of creoline. The owner of the nursery reported that the treatment was entirely satisfactory both for the gummosis and for the ants. This suggestion is well worthy of note by every citrus planter in Cuba.
Your committee considers that the most fundamentally important question in connection with the health and success of citrus trees in Cuba is; what are the most suitable soils and what ones should be avoided.
For further information concerning citrus troub-




les in Cuba the reader is referred to the two preceeding volumes of the Proceedings of this Society and to Bulletin No. 9 of the Estaci6n Central Agron6mica at Santiago de las Vegas.
VEGETABLE TROUBLES
Your committee has very little that is different to report from the troubles discussed in the proceedings of this society for last year and in Bulletin No. 12 of the Experiment Station. The chairman of the committee has taken much interest in studying the plants. However it must be admitted that very little progress has been make in methods of treating the leaf spot, fruit rot and stem rot. These troubles are not entirely avoided but considerable vigor is given to the plant by budding on the wild Solanum (Sola nitm torvurn) or pendejera. This is practicable for securing a few fruits in summer for home use and the best variety which we have seen is the large white one.
A lace wing or small sucking insect became very bad on some plants last summer but it is easily killed by a careful spraying with a whale oil soap solution as strong as the plants will stand with complete safety about twelve or fifteen pounds of potash whale oil soap to fifty gallons of water. The egg plant seems to, have little resistance or power of recovery from unfavorable conditions and the leaf spot and fruit rot which we have observed, especially in the lighter soils, could only be treated by giving the necessary water and fertilizing from the start.
TOBACCO
The insects and diseases of tobacco have been much as reported in Bulletin No. 1 of the Cuban Experiment Station, excepting that there has been very little harm from the primavera or horn worm.
As during the proceeding year there was much




damage during the early part of the season from the tobacco split worm.
Mr. J. S. Houser has prepared an article on this insect which is soon to be published in the report of the Experiment Station.
A serious wilt disease has appeared in foreign varieties, but the Cuban tobacco does not suf fer from this trouble apparently at all, so that no alarm need be felt.
DISCUSSION
Collins. -There is one question I -would like to ask Prof. Home and that is what per cent, of crioline he uses.
Horne. -5%.
Patterson. -I1 would like to ask Prof. Home if any fungus on scale that he speaks of, ever become enemies of the tree ?
Horne. As far as we know none of the f ungus diseases preying on the scale insects, attack the orange tree.
Nl enricksen. -Have the natural conditions anything to do with keeping the scale in check?
Horne. It was suggested but not dwelt upon in the paper, that the moisture and temperature arc the conditions that cause this fungi to propagate and when the season is very dry, you will not have any successful propagation of this fungi but when the season is humid and you have an abundance of rain, the fungi, if they get a start, -will be detrimental to the scale.
Patterson. -I would like to ask Prof. Horne if the cultivation will have any effect on the blue green beetle 1
Horne. -That is a question I cannot answer. The blue green beetle is a new thing to the orange man, and while cultivation was supposed to be a benefit, I1 cannot say that it is or not.
H. C. Burnett. Does the blue green beetle feed on any plant besides the orange tree?




67
Home. We have tried the experiment of giving them different things and I do not remember anything the beetles would not eat.




Pineaple Culture
BY PROF C. F. AUSTIN
The pineapple, Ananas sativus Schult., is a native of tropical Am6rica. It has been grown for many years for home use and the local markets, but it is of comparitively recent commercial importance.
The principal pineapple section of this island is in the red lands of Havana Province and extends from Marianao to Artemisa. The industry is rapidly spreading and reaching out of the red lands into the loamy soils of Pinar del Rio Province and to parts of eastern Cuba.
The red lands, while deep and heavy, are very open and porous, and drain easily. The water passes through them almost as easily as through sand. In their virgin state, most of these lands were very rich, but by long continued use and exhaustive methods of cultivation, much of the red land has become worn out and will have to be restored by modern methods of agriculture.
The laomy soils in many sections are giving good results in pineapple culture.
Preparation of the soil. In the preparation of the soil it should be plowed and harrowed to a fine mellow condition just as for any other crop, such as corn. With new land the work of preparing should begin several months before planting time, so as to have the soil well subdued.
Systems of culture. There are two systems of culture used in this country, the ridge row system and the bed. In heavy lands the ridge row system is practically the only one used. The rows are laid off 5 feet apart and then ridged up from 10 to 18 inches into a low, broad, rounded form. The rows are then




cut into sections from 25 to 40 feet long by openings which cross them; this is to give drainage. From 30 to 33 plants are set to a 25-f oot section of the row. It is a coinnon custom to place 3 plants at each end of each section and the rest in a single row on top of the ridge.
With the bed system the planting is done in rows on the level, with the plants from 18 to 24 inches apart each way; there are from 3 to 8 rows in a bed, the usual number being 4. An opening or strip of land from four to five feet wide is left and then another bed is set out, and so on until the land is full. Cross walks or openings of from 3 to 4 feet are left at every 100 to 200 feet so as to make it easy to get out the fruit and work among the plants. The beds are kept clean by hand cultivation. The walks are cultivated with a horse. I have seen the bed system used on a small scale in the red lands and my observation has been that it is equal if not superior to the ridge row system. It is also very much more economical. This system is the only one used in light, loamy1 soils.
. \ Tith the ridge row system all of the work has to bc done by hand. The plantations are gone over 4 to 6 times a year to cut out weeds and keep the ridges i shape. Akll of the red lands that have a good depth andl bottom drainage are suitable for the bed method ot planting, and it is doubtful if heavy lands of any other type should be planted to pineapples.
Fertilization. Very little is thus f ar known of pineapple fertilization, but it is certain that, to obtain success, fertilizers will have to be used. The Florida Experiment Station, after a, long series of experiments, made the following recommendations as to materials for fertilizers. For the phosphoric acid, finely ground, steamed bone gave the best results; bone meal and slag phosphate also gave good satisfaction. Nitrogen from dried blood and that from cotton seed meal were rated highest, and the potash from both high and low grade sulfate of potash gave the best results.




The formula which proved most satisfactory was a mixture of 5%l nitrogen, 45 available phosphoric acid, and 10%7 potash.
About a tablespoonful of cottonseed meal in the bud of young plants is also used.
This formula from Florida has also given good results in Porto IRico.
In this country, use the mixture at the rate of 500 to 1,500 pounds per acre according to soil conditions, giving it in 2 applications per year, the first just before the spring rains commence and the second just before the rains stop in the fall. It is also a good plan to give a light application of fertilizer when the plants are set out.
Plants for setting. -There are two kinds of settings, the criollas, or suckers, and the coronas or slips. The suckers are large, strong plants from 12 to 20 inches long. They are borne in the axils of the leaves and, when left to grow, produce a fruit. When these plants are set during March and April they will produce a small crop in from 12 to 14 months. The slips are smaller plants running from 6 to 12 inches long. They are borne on the top of the fruit stem just below the base of the fruit. In cutting fruit it is usually necessary to break off one or more of the slips. They are ready to remove and set out any time after August. The plants set during August and September will bear in .18 months.
Planting and cultivation. The plants should be set very carefully, taking pains to see that the leaves at the base are brought up close and tight to the main stem. Set from 2 to 4 inches in the soil, according to size of the plant, and be sure to make the soil firm around them. Be very careful not to get dirt into the crown or the axils of the leaves.
The pineapple field should have very caref ul attention as to hoeing and keeping down of weeds, for pineapples will not do their best when grass and weeds are left to grow around them.
Harvesting. In the harvesting of pineapples, very careful work is required, especially in the hand-




ling of the crop from the field to the packing house. The proper stage of ripeness is known by the color of the fruit and the development of the individual eyes. During March and early April the pines should be left on the plant until they just begin to show traces of color. The eyes should be fully developed. As the season advances they should be cut a little greener. There is absolutely no reason for cutting the fruit in the unripe condition in which much of it leaves this country.
Pick the fruit very carefully, using a sharp knife and cutting the stem just below the base of the fruit and above the slips. One or two slips will have to be removed in order to get the fruit. When cutting, two persons are needed, one to carry the basket to receive the fruit and another to do the cutting. Place in each basket what one person can handle easily. They should not be touched from the time they are cut until they are taken out and put onto the packing benches. In the pineapple regions I have seen 40 to 50 bushels of pineapples placed loose in an ox cart with two or three men riding on top of the fruit, wicih was hauled several miles to the packing house. Good fruit should never be handled in this way. It should be transported from field to packing house in small baskets and on light, smoothly running spring wagons.
Sorting and packing. -The sorting and packing is done by hand. In sorting, a person soon learns to tell at a glance to which size a fruit belongs. Th6 fruit is sorted into sizes to fill the standard pineapple crate, which holds 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, or 48 fruits, according to the grade. 18s to 36s are the most profitable sizes to grow.
In packing, each fruit is carefully wrapped in a sheet of light brown paper, 15 by 18 inches. Soine growers have the brand, name of grower, etc., printed upon the paper. The fruit must he packed very ,closely into the crates so that it will not move from the time it is put into the crate until it is unpacked. The top should be carefully nailed on, the number of




fruits to the crate marked on the end, and the person to whom it is shipped the address, etc., plainly marked on the crate.
The Florida Experiment Station gives the following packing diagram:
Package of 18 fruits, 3 layers of 3 each in each end of crate.
Package of 24 fruits, 3 layers of 4 each in each end of crate.
Package of 30 fruits, 3 layers of 5 each in each end of crate.
Package of 36 fruits, 3 layers of 6 each in each end of crate.
Package of 42 fruits, 3 layers of 7 each in each end of crate.
Package of 48 fruits, 3 layers of 8 each in each end of crate.
The first layers should be placed in the crate with the crowns away from the packer, the second with the crowns reversed, and the third like the first.
There are many different ways to build packing houses, but two points should be kept in mind, convenience and plenty of room. People cannot -work to advantage when they are too crowded.
Productive life of field. -A pineapple field in this country with good care will give from four to five crops without replanting. The size and yield of fruits depends very much upon the care, especially as the plants grow old. The first crop is usually smaller than the second and third, while the fourth is about equal to the first. The production of suckers and slips runs in about the same way.
Season of crop. Some pineapples are produced the whole year around, but the principal fruiting season is from March to July. The earlier the crop the better, for very often the losses are heavy late ini the season after it becomes warm and wet. The time of fruiting, size of fruits, etc., depends very much upon the care of the plantation, quantity of rain, etc. During the very dry seasons the crop is short and the fruit small.




Varieties. -The Red Spanish is the variety to grow for the export trade. For the local markets the Sugar Loaf is best. In the home garden one should have Golden Queen, Smooth Cayenne, Charlotte Rothchild, Sugar Loaf, and Red Spanish.
Crate. The size of the standard pineapple crate is 12 inches wide, 101/2 inches deep, and 36 inches long. It is usually made of pine and the following material is required for a crate: 2 heads, 12 by 101/_9 by 11/,S inches; 1 partition, 12 by 101/2 by 13/8 or 17/8 inches; S slats, 41/2 by 5/16 by 36 inches.
Crates of other sizes are sometimes used by growers who are selling fancy large fruits.
Shipping rates, duty, etc. The shipping rates, duty, etc., as based on New-York City, are about as follows per crate. -Cost of crate, paper, nailing, ,etc., $0-30; lighterage, $0-03; freight from Havana to New York, $0-35; and cartage, $0-05; duty is $0-07 per cubic foot for shipments in crates and $7-00 per thousand pineapples in bulk. This makes the duty about $0-16 per standard crate. To these charges must be added the freight from point of shipment to Havana, brokerage, consular invoice, and commission on sales. The entire cost is from $1-00 to $1-25 per crate laid down in New York City. The charges to other points are in about the same proportion, considering distances, etc.
Cost of producing the crop. The estimated cost of preparing the land, planting, and caring for plantations is as follows:
Plowing, harrowing, planting, etc., per acre
about $ 40-00
Plants, per acre about . . . . 1 30-00
First cost per acre. . $ 70-00 Cultivating, hoeing, etc., per acre, per year ,1 30-00
Yield of plantation. A good average yield from a plantation in this country is from 100 to 150 crates per acre, per year, or from 400 to 600 crates during the 4 years it is in fruit.




The number of plants that can be sold is f rom 400 to 500 dozen during the life of the plantation.
The selling price of the fruit is very changeable, being all the way from $1-25 up to $3-0O or $4-GO per crate, according to season, size and condition of fruit, etc. The commercial production of pineapples is considered a very good business, however, taken one year with an other.
The selling price of plants varies a good deal with the supply and the demand. For the past few years plants have been scarce and high, running from $60-GO to $90-GO per thousand dozen, this being the count by which they are sold in Cuba.
A pineapple grower reports the following as the yield from a nine acre field. The plants were set in September, 1900.
First crop (1902). ..1,400 crates.
Second crop (1903) . . 1,600 Third crop (1904). ..1,600
Fourth crop (1905). MOO100
This gives a production of 5,600 crates from the
9 acres during the life of the field.
During the first crop there were no plants produced to sell; the second an 'd third crop together gave 500 dozen per acre and the fourth crop a very few.
A good deal of fruit is sold locally and the price runs from $1-0O to $1-20*per crate delivered in Havana or from $0-10 to $0-20 per dozen pineapples in the field.
Exportation. -The exportation of 'pineapples, from Havana to the different ports of the United States from Jan. 1, 1907 to Nov. 30, 1907, by month was as follows:
January. .......3,909 crates.
February .. ......4,803
March .. .......13,122 7
April .. ......65,201
May .. .......297,790




June .........234779 ,
July. .. ......15,570
August .........5,102
September. .. .....2,205
October. .......4,213 1
November........12,078 ,,
Total for 11 months ... 768,862 crates.
Notes on the growing of large pines on loamy soils and recommendation in. connection, with the handling of plants and fruit. *
An essential to succes is the careful and thorough Preparation and subsequent cultivation of the soil.
Choose land that will drain naturally.
If convenient to the lay of the land, have the beds run from east to west. If planted from north to south the outside row of pines on the west side will be liable to sun scald.
Plowing. -1. Turn over the land with a breaker plow in the fall.
2. Break it up thoroughly with a disc harrow in the spring just as soon as sufficient rain has fallen to render it mellow.
3. Next use a disc plow, regulating depth of cut by the strength of your mules, i. e., plow as deeply as you conveniently can.
4. Harrow a second time with the disc machine following this up with a spike tooth harrow having the teeth turned flat so as to break up the clods and level the ground without tearing out grass roots.
5. Clean your field of all sticks and stones.
6. Plow again to full depth of disc plow.
7. Harrow thoroughly as before with disc and spike tooth implements.
* These notes were kindly prepared by Mr. A. E. Orr of Taco Taco.
Mr. Orr has made a success of pineapples in a loamy soil which until recently would have~ been considered unfit for their culture and his recommendations form a valuable addition to this circular which, in the main, has treated of the methods and conditions of pineapple production in the red lands.




8. Clean fields once more.
9. Level ground with a palm log.
10. Plow into beds.
The plowing into beds may be done (a) by means of a double mouldboard plow, driving it along lines which mark the center of the spaces between the projected beds and drawing the earth to the center of the bed by means of a cotton hoe or rake; or (b) by means of a disc plow, running twvo furrows down a line marking the center of the bed and them throwing the first furrow back over the second and continuing this reversing of the plow until the desired width of bed is attained. Afterwards smooth of f with an acme or spike tooth harrow.
Setting out. In the opinion of the -writer the best and most economical way of planting pines is in beds 6 or 7 feet wide with four rows of pines to each bed, and the plants set out eigteen inches apart each way. From experience he has proved that when this mode of planting is followed and the cultivation is properly attended to, the pines will be as large as when the plants are set more widely apart.
1. Commence setting out as early in June as you can procure slips of good size, i. e. not less than eight inches long, taking care to stipulate in your purchase contract that all plants which do not come up to this standard will be rejected. Also have your slips delivered in sacks and you will save money by reducing their loss to a minimum and by facilitating their distribution in the field.
2. Allow as little time as possible to elapse betweenr taking slips off the parent plant and setting them out.
3. Before planting, trim the callous end of the slip with a sharp knife and pull off the leaves which cover the root nodules at base of same; this will materially hasten its growth.
4. Press the soil firmly around the plant after putting it one quarter of its length into the ground.
Cultivation. This consists in keeping the beds




and the spaces between them free from weeds at all times.
Use the scuffle hoe for the beds and work always from the outside. No walking on or crossing the beds (except what is unavoidable at time of planting) should be permitted.
(2) Picking and packing. 1. Try to get your experience as to when and how to cut from an expert, in the field, by ocular demonstration.
2. Remember that one pine, size 24, is worth from 20 to 40 slips and do not try to save slips at the expense of pines by cutting too close to the fruit and damaging it.
3. Handle pines just as little as possible between picking and packing.
4. The cutter must lay the fruit carefully in a basked or on the ground. No dropping or throwing about can be tolerated either in the field or in the packing house. See to this yourself.
5. Have springs on all your wagons.
6. If possible allow pines cut after 10 A. M. to cool in the packing house until 1 P. M. and those cut during the afternoon to cool over night. By teaching the field f oree how to work in the packing house this can be managed.
7. Have your pines packed like sardines in a box, every row solid. Small sizes must not be laid flat, but with the crowns inclining upwards so as to bring the top row high enough to project slightly above the crate. No movement of the fruit should be possible inside a closed crate even when it is subjected to rough handling.
S. Buy the best crate material you can get. It is not economical to purchase poor stuff at a low price.
9. Utilize the faultier slabs' for the sides of the crate, where least pressure comes.
10. Do not economize nails when nailing up. See that all crates leave in perfect shape. A little extra trouble and expense in making them secure will repay itself handsomely.




Pineapple Culture in Cuba
BY JOSE MIGUEL TRUJILLO
At the time of the discovery of Cuba, the first settlers arriving on the Island found among other plants in the tropical flora one noteworthy for its graceful and vigorous aspect and producing a fruit of a most delicious flavor. This plant, indigenous to the Antilles, was known to the Indians by the name of Anan~is and may have been cultivated by them, although we do not know of its being cultivated extensively until the beginning of the last century.
This fruit, the rich and beautiful pineapple, was first found growing wild, but always vigorous and healthy. As it became better known it was cultivated in a primitive way in the surroundings of Havana until about 1860 when more interest was taken in its cultivation.
According to old pineapple growers, the first plants were cultivated in Barcos (a plantation near Luyan6) and also in Bataba:n6, later on it was extended to Santiago de las Vegas and Santa Maria del Rosario. But its cultivation was not taken up extensively util 1865 when the first plantings were made in the neighborhood of Punta Brava, Havana Province. This place was found well adapted to pineapple culture and as there were no centrals and the land not being well suited for tobacco the pineapples were given careful attention. The cultural methods employed there were those, which with slight modification, are still used in Cuba.
Of varieties we have two, one of which is the Blanca or Habana, Anansa Sativa and the other Morada or Cuba, Anansa Cubense. The Blanca is handsomer and better shaped than the Morada, is of




a finer flavor and more fragrant, has less acid and does not leave a burning sensation in the mouth after mastication, but perhaps on account of these qualities the culture of it is more difficult. The plant is not as vigorous and healthy as the Morada and the fruit is of poorer keeping quality. This variety, reputed to have been introduced from Porto Rico, was the first one extensively cultivated here, but as it did not keep well when exported it was consumed largely in Havana where the other class of pineapple has never been liked.
Later on, the Morada or Red Spanish, became inore generally known. This is distinguished from the other variety by being shorter and thicker and to a less extent conical shaped. It is more acrid and less aromatic than the other, but keeps a long time after maturity and for this quality it is especially prefered for exportation. Therefore at the present time the Red Spanish is the variety mostly cultivated and the production of the Blanco does not at present amount to 5%.
In selecting a soil the Cuban pineapple grower chooses one of the red clay type, being free from noxious weeds. They always avoid loose soils which they call polvillo, and prefer those containing a certain amount of gravel. Black soils are not well liked for pineapple planting although they give very good plants during the first and second years, but the field rarely lasts more than four years. As a rule virgin soils are preferable but in choosing a pineapple soil it should also be considered whether the land will grow bananas, beans, corn or such crops, which can be planted between the beds and which are of great value to the grower. For example, red sandy soils are very good for pines but often discarded because of being no good for bananas. Soils containing noxious weeds are too costly to cultivate and fields becoming too weedy often have to be abandoned for this reason.
There are many ways in preparing the soils, for in this as well as in many other things each farmer has his own ideas and prepares the ground according




to his particular method. Some prepare the soil- six or eight months before planting while others prepare it two months before, but of course this depends chiefly on the condition of the soil and the weather. The land should be plowed from four to six times and allowed to lay long enough between each plowing to break up the clods and destroy the weeds.
The land is.given the final preparation immediately before planting, levelled and laid off in rows about two varas apart, the rows being ten varas long. These distances of course vary, some planters make their beds eleven to twelve varas but the ten vara bed is the one most generally used.
The pineapple plants for propagation are found either on the base of the stem of the old plant, in which case they are called rattoons, or on the base of the fruit when they are called slips. These plants differing from each other gives rise to the two kinds of planting, that which is called slip plantings and which produces a large fruit within eighteen months, and that which is called sucker planting which produces a smaller fruit but bears in twelve to fourteen months. The suckers are planted in March or April while the slips are not planted before August and the small late formed suckers not before October and November.
Many pineapple growers plant the slips in heavy soils and the rattoons in lighter soils, basing their reason for doing so on the fact that the latter takes root easier and therefore pines give best results in that soil.
Once the pineapple is planted it needs no more attention except to clean out the weeds, but that is the most expensive part of the cultivation. Pineapple fields need five to six hoeings per year and if very grassy ten to twelve times may be necessary, especially in rainy seasons. This work is paid for at so much per bed, the price varying from two to five cents per bed, according to the amount of grass.

* A vara is 33 inches,




Formerly when the fruit and slips commanded fabulous prices great care was taken in cleaning, often using a mason's trowel to place the earth around the plant, but that will not pay at present prices.
Sometimes beans and corn are planted in the rows between the pineapples, which if planted in September will be ready to harvest in December, after which melons and bananas can be planted. The bananas are not desirable in the pine beds especially in years of drouth but they recompense for the harmi done as the cost of weeding is less.
The duration of the pineapple field varies a great deal, as it depends on the conditions of the soil, but the usual time is from four to six years. In many plantations near Punta Brava they have lasted even 14 years, which is thought to be the maximum time. In soils which are not well suited for the pineapple, sometimes only one crop can be gathered and the pines are of poor quality,which results in great losses.
In abnormal years, the pineapple is of a dark green color. The plant grows until the budding period begins, when the leaves turn slightly yellow, and the center or point from which the stem is to come forth, become a reddish color, which it losses once the fruit has been gathered. The budding period usually begins in November or December and is four months in developing the full grown fruit, which may take a month to ripen on the plant, if the rains, which precipitate the ripening, are not very frequent. The years of heavy rains are prejudicial to the pine, for they not only retard the budding but also give a smaller fruit. However, this is preferable to years of drought, when the plants suffer and the fruit is small although sweeter and firmer.
The first year's crop, or the crop called "plant crop" is the most prolific, but the second year has the advantage that many of the plants have reproduced new suckers, which when grown, are so many more plants, increasing the number already planted.
As a rule a large plant produces a la-rge fruit.and




vice versa, and it is on this principle that buyers base their calculations as to how many pineapples may be obtained in one crop from a pineapple field, and what results their purchase will give them.
Planters nearly always sell before the fruits have bloomed by the aid of these calculations, which can be made very exact, and the gathering, sorting and packing of the fruit remains to the expense of the shippers or exporters.
The gathering of the fruit is now done very carefully so as not to damage it. It is taken out of the field in baskets or on horseback and at the road loaded into carts waiting to convey them to the packing house. The gathering of the fruits is a work which requires some skill as it is not easy to become accustomed to the spines of the plants and above all it is not easy to judge which are the pines that should be cut and those that are to be left. In order to make the complete gathering of a pineapple field it must be gone over several times so as to cut the fruit at the proper stage of ripeness.
The fruits are so placed in the cart that they will not be damaged, and they are unloaded with the same care at the packing house where they are sorted according to sizes and quality: tender, ripe, bruised, over ripe, etc.
They are then wrapped and packed properly for export.
We should like to enter into other important particulars concerning the culture of the pineapple. not only as to the work of the fields and the labor of packing but also as to the cost of planting per square and the expense of packing and the better methods by which this could be done, but we have already taken up too much space in this paper, which is only a superficial resumen of this interetsing subject and we do not wish to tire the attention of the audience.
During the last few years the culture of the pineapple has taken great strides in Artemisa and vicinity where it is a great source of wealth, while at Punta Brava the industry is declining.




Report on Pineapples
BY GEO. W. MACE
The pineapple culture in and around Candelaria and San Crist6bal has made rapid strides during the past five years. Starting with eleven acres five years ago and now reaching 350 acres. Seventy five acres were planted to pines during the last year.
Our last season's crop was not as good or as large as previous years but even then it was fair. The sizes were amaller owing to the long drought. The. prospects for a large planting during the coming season is very promising. Some are now contractig for slips to be delivered in July, August and September. Both Americans and Cubans are engaging in the industry.
The Red Spanish for the foreign market is planted mostly. The sweet variety sells well in the home market but the consumption is very limited.
We have several methods of planting. The single (antero system where 30 plants are planted on one cantero, the Cuban method. Then the single row system and the bedding system. In the single row system, the plants are put in straight rows four to five feet apart. In the bedding system, the plants are put in beds of four or five rows to the bed. The pines seem to thrive equally as 'well in one method as in another, other things being equal.
The question of cost of cultivation in the above mentioned methods has not been thoroughly tested as yet. In the single cantero system, the Cuban hoe is the only implement used while in the single row system many are using the cultivator to good advantage, while in the bedding system the scuffle hoe may be used if taken in time and applied systematically.
We have found it very profitable to prepare the




land thoroughly before planting. Three plowings have proven to be more economical than less. The first plowing shallow and the last two very deep. The final plowing, if done just previous to seeding, aids greatly in the putting in of the slips.
We have used the reversible disk harrow in putting up the canteros and found it both useful and economical.
Our locality has planted the Red Spanish for foreign trade. Our local trade is very small and although it calls for the sweet varieties we 'do not find it of sufficient magnitude to plant the other varieties.
The fertilizer question is being discussed and practiced by some to good advantage. By a judicious application of fertilizer an earlier and larger apple may be produced. We have not given the attention to intensive cultivation that the pine needs but the tendencies are towards more and better methods.
The handling of the fruit after the crop has been grown has not had the attention that it should have had and in somecases poor results have been realized. The apple is very tender and is ,easily bruised during the gathering.
Our present selling system is not as satisfactory as it might be as we have been selling blindly and paying into the other fellow's hand but the future looks brighter as some of the firms are offering deposits per crate on the coming crop and a few are buying in the field.
The cost of getting our product to the market needs some looking after and we are in hopes of obtaining these results through our combined efforts in our Horticultural Society and its worthy committees.




Report on the Progress of the Fruit
and Vegetable Industry in
the Province of Santiago de Cuba
BY THOMAS R. TOWNS
Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Society:
I beg to report to the Society that never in my experience have I found it so difficult to get together anything like a report upon a subject.: The Progress of the Fruit and Vegetable Ivdustry in the Province of Santiago de Cuba.
I have written to at least 12 of the most important places asking that I be furnished for my report an approximately correct acreage of the fruit and vegetable plantings in their vicinity etc. Two of the places responded, telling me of their own as individuals and suggesting that I could get their neighbors' planting by personal correspondence.
I herewith submit figures which I think are approximately correct, and beg of the Society to accept same as my best effort.
The acreage given applies to citrus fruit as there are no vegetables grown for export, and as yet very little fruit is exported, most of it is used at home at very profitable prices, the cane field laborers, as well as the best Cubans, are our patrons and give promise of a consumption never dreamed of. They willingly pay from 75 cents to $2-00 per 100, gold, for our Tangerines, Kings and Navals, which is a surprise when they can buy the Chinas at 40 to 50 cents per 100.




As best I can judge the acreage is as follows:

Nipe Bay and vicinity .... Bayate .................
Pasa Estancia ..........
Cacocum ...............
H olguin ................
G ibara .................
Sabanaso ...............
Omaja ................
Las Tunas ..............
B artle ..................

4,000 acres. 200 100 125 100 50 50 500 200 500

This acreage will be increased quite a good deal during the coming spring, at a number of the places named.
As a rule the planter is taking care of his grove and promises well for the future.
I have just been assured that Omaja is to have a starch factory, cannery and preservery during this
-coming fall. Other colonies are contemplating similar additions.
While the land companies as a rule are somewhat more prosperous than the average colonist, he is in
-very good shape and satisfied.




Progress of the Fruit and Vegetable
Industry in the Western Part of the Province of Santiago de Cuba
BY E. C. PIERSON
To the Cuban National Horticultural Society:
I take pleasure in reporting to the Society something of the increasing interest in the growing of citrus fruits in the western part of the Oriente Provinee along the line of the Cuba Central R. R.
The colony of Bartle has several hundred acres, Las Tunas several hundred acres and at Omaja, of which I can speak more particularly, they have four hundred acres already and are preparing to increase their plantings the coming spring.
The soil at Omaj a is neither heavy clay nor sandy, but is rather a dark loam, with some sand and the subsoil is a yellowish clay with sand, which is not a hardpan and does not leach out, but a good water reservoir.
The groves so far are promising as good practical men are looking after them and are growers of some experience in the work.
We have had but little appearance of the citrus fruit enemies but expect to come in for our share of them, but hope by profiting by the experience of others who have done the fighting, to steer clear of the rocks, even if we run onto others.
Besides the growing of oranges there are planted some 200 acres of yucca to be manufactured into starch and more than one ton of tomatoes were shipped to other markets as well as 12 to 15 cars of corn.
The first colonist came to Omaja less than three years ago.




The Progress of the Fruit and
Vegetable Industry
in Matanzas Province
BY D. H. HOWELL
Mr. President and fellow members:
I beg to submit the following as the result of my efforts to obtain information on the subject assigned to me.
CITRUS FRUITS
I estimate that there are now growing and producing fruit in Matanzas Province, about forty thousand native sweet seedling oranges, ranging in age from ten to 100 years. These trees, with few exceptions, have had very little care. Most of them are entirely too close together and the limbs are badly interlapped and full of dead wood. In spite of this condition, they go on producing fair crops of delicious fruit year after year.
There are about ten thousand budded orange and grapefruit trees planted within the last few years, of which perhaps five thousand are beginning to bear. In this province the Ceiba Mocha district is in the lead in the production of citrus fruits and in the superior quality of the fruit. This applies both to the native seedling trees and the budded fruit. Some of the native oranges are far superior to a great many varieties of budded fruit. Not only are they superior in quality but they are wonderfully prolific even so badly neglected as most of them have been.
The greatest enemy of the native sweet seedling orange seems to be foot-rot, and that can be largely avoided by budding these seedlings into sour stocks and planting in proper soil.




Practically all the citrus fruit trees in this Provice are planted in the red and chocolate soils. Some are on land entirely free from rock, but a great many of the older trees are on land that is quite stony, but the rock is generally of a loose formation with plenty of deep pockets of soil for the roots. In nearly all of the old groves coffee has been planted under the orange trees and is producing well.
MARKETING
Up to the present time, the greater portion of the fruit has been sold to the native buyers on the trees. for a lump sum or at so much per thousand.
The last few years the price on the tree has ranged from f our to eight dollars Spanish gold per thousand. Of course the distance from R. R. station makes a difference in the price. The fruit is picked from the trees and loaded into the large Cuban carts in bulk. After bumping over the rough roads to the R. IR. station it is loaded into the cars in bulk for Havana. Of course fruit handled in this manner is not fit for export. Within the past f ew years, a f ew of the groves planted by Americans are coming into bearing, and a little fruit is being properly handled and has brought good prices in the Northern markets.
Nearly all sections -of the Province have lands well adapted to the production of bananas and plantains and the Matanzas market is kept well supplied with these fruits.
VEGETABLES
The principal vegetable industry of this Province seems to be confined to the immediate vicinity of the city of Matanzas, in the valley of the San Juan and Yumari rivers. The soil is generally black along these rivers, and the lay of the land and the ample fall of the water makes it quite easy to irrigate these lands, and this has been done to considerable extent for many years. The principal crops raised are: Irish




potatoes, onions, tomatoes, cabbage, peppers, egg plant and lettuce.
The average crop (or two crops) per year, of Irish potatoes is about thirty thousand barrels, and of onions about five thousand bushels.
It is hard to make any estimate on the crop of other vegetables which are all sold in the -Matanzas market. The bulk of the Irish potatoes and onions are sold in Matanzas and nearby towns, but at times shipments are made to the States. Two crops of Irish potatoes are raised during the fall and winter months. The other crops are scattered along through the year.
Under the heading of fruits 11 made no mention of the numerous native fruits which are in great abundance all over the Province. I did not mention pineapples as I understand that one of our members who understands the business was assigned to that subject.




Progress of the Fruit and Vegetable
Industry in the Province of
Pinar del Rio
BY E. W. HALSTEAD
As Vice President for the Province of Pinar del Rio I have been requested to prepare a paper on the above named subject, and to do this, and to show as accurately as possible, the conditions which prevail at present, in the province, I have been in correspondence with many of its representative growers, all of whom I wish to thank at this time for their hearty cooperation, and from their replies to my inquiries the following data is compiled:
ARTEMISA
In Artemisa there are about 100 acres in citrus fruits, with no new plantings during the past year; five acres in vegetables, viz: tomatoes and peppers, in the district from here to and including Guanajay, immense quantities of pineapples are grown, but accurate data as to acreage has not been obtainable.
BAHIA HONDA
Bahia Honda has 2,830 acres in citrus groves; no vegetables are grown here.
CANDELARIA
Candelaria has 25 acres in citrus fruits; no new plantings. Vegetables about the same as last year; 40 acres; principally tomatoes, peppers, egg plant




and okra. Also 40 acres in pineapples, 25 acres of these were planted in 1908.
SAN CRIST6BAL
In San Crist6bal the total citrus planting will approximate 320 acres, 5 acres of which are newly set. About 70 acres are planted in vegetables this year, which is about half the acreage of last year. The varieties mostly planted are tomatoes, peppers, egg plant and squash.
35 acres of pines have been set the past season, making a present total of 110 acres.
TACO TACO
In Taco Taco 70 acres of new groves are reported, making a total of 350 acres in this locality. Also 150 acres in vegetables, which is about the same as last season. Tomatoes, peppers, onions and egg plant are the varieties mostly planted.
LOS PALACIOS
Los Palacios reports a total of 500 acres in citrus fruits, 80 acres of which have been planted within the last year. No vegetables are grown here.
PASO REAL DE SAN DIEGO
Paso Real de San Diego has 362 acres in citrus groves and 50 acres more being planted; 21/2 acres in cabbage and peppers; 12 acres of pineapples and 40 acres more being set.
HERRADURA
In Herradura 163 acres of trees have been set in the past year, bringing the total citrus plantings in this colony up to 827 acres, and many more to be planted this season.
There are about 70 acres in vegetables, principally tomatoes, peppers, squash and cucumbers.




There is also a large acreage of tobacco.
CONSOLACi6X DEL SUR
Consolacion del Sur has 280 acres in citrus fruits, 27 acres of which were planted during 1908.
40 acres of pineapples were also planted during the year. No vegetables grown.
PINAR DEL RIO
Pinar del Rio reports no progress in fruit planting; 85 acres of citrus fruits; no vegetables grown. A large acreage in tobacco.
OCEAN BEACH
Ocean Beach reports a total citrus planting to date of 500 acres, 100 acres of which are new groves. No vegetables grown except for local use.
The tobacco acreage is much larger than last year and the colony will produce this year 1,200 to 1,500 bales of tobacco.
Recapitulation gives a present approximate acreage in the different localities as follows:

Citrus Fruits
acres
A rtem isa ............... 100 ..........
Bahia Honda ........... 2,830 ..........
Candelaria .............. 25 ..........
San Crist6bal ........... 320..........
Taco Taco .............. 350 ........
Los Palacios ............ 500 ..........
P aso R eal .............. 362 ..........
H erradura .............. 927 ..........
Consolaci6n del Sur ...... 280 ..........
Pinar del Rio ........... 85 ..........
Ocean Beach ............ 500 ..........

Vegetables
acres
5 0
40 70 150
0
212
70
0 0 0

6,279 .......... 3371/2

Totals ......




Making a total acreage in the Province of 6,279 citrus and 337 / vegetable plantings.
Drouth is considered by many as the chief cause reasons given I quote: "Unreliable and inexperienced labor". "Want of care in handling and packing of fruit and vegetables". "Poor seed". "Poor markets". "Unfavorable political conditions also financial troubles". "Trying to do too much and consequently not attending to, any one crop well ". "Lack of irrigation". "Trusting to Providence to bring about rain at just the time to suit us".
Then as to the qualifications and conditions that bring success I quote: Systematic irrigation must be developed". "Success from deep plowing, fertilizing and thorough cultivation ". Success depends first, on a competent man at the head, second competent labor, third a good season or irrigation". "Beep plowing and good cultivation has held my crop up through the drouth". "Success comes from hard intelligent work". Another epitomizes the whole question as follows:
"What brings success? 1st. -One must have money; must have experience as a farmer; be a good worker and hustle".
DISC-USSJON
Hlenricksen. From the standpoint of the Secretary, who has to compile the reports, I will say that this is the kind of paper we want. This will make very interesting reading. If we could have reports like this from every province we would know what was being done and whether progress was made or not.




Progress of the Fruit and Vegetable
Industry in the Isle of Pines
BY FRED C. MASON
3ir. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen of the Cuban
National Horticultural Society:
Vegetable culture on the Isle of Pines is gradually progressing, having started in 1901, when the first Americans settled in the vicinity of Nueva Gerona and Columbia. American seed and American methods have proved very successful, but conditions have been so vastly different from our northern climes, that those same variations had to be discovered before colonists could be in positions to make any headway. Every American has planted his garden for home use and whatever surplus they had was sold for town use, so experiments were gradually worked at little expense. Vegetable raising for northern markets has proven a success as to the raising of the produce, but transportation from Havana, being limited practically to New York, has been the great drawback. One boat about every ten days to New Orleans and no boat whatever to Mobile has made shipping to the central western cities almost prohibitive for marketing a vegetable crop. The Atlantic seaboard cities offer little encouragement on account of the changeable climates, the market is either short or glutted and no one knows what to -expect when he plants his seed.
Numerous parties have installed good irrigating plants, established packing houses etc., but conditions concerning the marketing of the crop has put a damper on the situation.
Most all of the American colonies on the Isle of




Pines are interested in the raising of citrus fruit and fancy pineapples. The mistakes and the successes of the pioneer settlers have proven valuable lessons to the new settler. The community practically without exception came from localities where the citrus fainily is unknown except as to the consuming end, although California and Florida people are am-ong the colonists, they have f ound conditions considerably different, still the experimental stage is past and the expense of bringing groves to the bearing stage will be considerably reduced if new people profit by the pioneer's experiences. The trees have been purchased from Florida, Cuban and native nurseries, grown on sour orange, grapefruit and rough lemon stock, and I am inclined to favor local stock if first class trees can be had. The early varieties have given the best results up to the present time, but as, groves become older that may change. Grape-fruit has been the best product, weight, thickness of skin and the fine flavor, has placed it very high in the grower's estimation, and the Pinero (Royal) Triumph, Walters and Marsh Seedless are the most popular varieties, although considerable Duncan, Excelsior, Pernambuco, Florida, Standard and Silver Cluster have been planted.
The Washington Navel has made the best appearance among the orange varieties being early, heavy, juicy, good flavor and good size. Other promising varieties are the Pineapple, Parson Brown, Bessie and Jaffa. The Dancy and King tangerines have appeared very promising.
There is great difference of opinion about the success of the lemon on the Isle'of Pines, although there has been some fine fruit raised.
Summing up the citrus fruit culture on the Isle of Pines, I1 am making a conservative statement when 1 say that 800 Americans are engaged in the cultivation of about 4,000 acres, and from all appearances they are a loyal, happy, hard working community with great hope of making the Isle of Pines fruit famous some day.




Report of the Standing Committee
on Vegetables
BY PROF. F. S. EARLE
Commercial vegetable growing includes two quite distinct lines of business: trucking, or the growing of large quantities of a few special crops for distant shipment;; and market gardening, or the growing of niany different vegetable crops for selling in near by local markets. In Cuba, as in all the countries, the first of these branches is a risky business sometimes when all the conditions are favorable yielding large profits but again in unfavorable seasons resulting in heavy losses. In fact the truck grower is the stock gardener of the farming world. Market gardening on the other hand, while very laborious and conning, is-- quite certain, if a location has been chosen wisely, to. yield a safe and steady income. This branch of vegetable growing has been almost entirely neglected in Cuba. Very few of the towns or thickly settled rural communities in Cuba have an adequate local supply of vegetables and native fruits. Many inviting opportunities exist for skillful and industrious market gardeners.
IMr. Gowell, a member of your committee, has udertaken to compile some statistics that will serve to give an idea of the extent of the trucking industry of Cuba. Notwithstanding the large total amount of this business there are comparative few people who make truck growing their principal business. In the Giiincs district where by far the largest part of this business originates the greater part of the vegetables are grown as a second crop between the rows of young recently planted sugar cane. A large part of




this district is under ditch irrigation, the land is stiff and heavy and large crops are produced without the use of fertilizers. In the trucking district along the Western Railways in Pinar del Rio Province the greater part of the vegetables are grown between the trees in young orchards. The land is more or less sandy and holds moisture well so that in normal seasons it is possible to grow fair crops without irrigation. In dry winters however, yields are small and irrigation where practical would doubtless prove profitable. With very few exceptions the use of fertilizer is necessary on these lands. There is a considerabel onion industry at some points along the North coast in Central and Eastern Cuba, but with this exception the trucking interest is almost exclusively confined to the two districts above indicated.
The season of 1908-9 was a disastrous one for the truck growers of Cuba. An unprecedented drouth ruined the crop on the non-irrigated lands while at the same time the dry Fall permitted preparing the land and planting an unusually heavy crop in the irrigated district. The heaviest Decemnber shipments iu the history of the island were dumped on the broken markets in all parts of the United States. Owing to unsettled financial conditions and general business depression the market was unable to rally and ruinously low prices prevailed throughout the season. This had the usual effect of discouraging planting this Fall and with a sharply decreased acreage and better general business conditions in the States prices so far this season have been much more satisfactory. What the final outcome for the year will be it is yet too early to determine.
The principal truck crops of Cuba are tomatoes, potatoes, onions, egg plant and peppers. A limited quantity of squash and okra is also grown. A word may not be amiss as to the chief enemies of these crops that are encountered here.
Tomatoes are very subject to the leaf mould (cladisporium). The fields are nearly always prematurely defoliated by this fungus causing the loss




of all but the first two or three clusters of fruit. The light fields so universally complained of here are almost exclusively caused by this pest. It can be quite completely controlled by spraying with Bordeaux Mixture. Experiments are on record where spraying with Bordeaux has doubled the yield of the crop. Bordeaux is also useful for protecting the early seed beds from injury from flea beetles. In some seasons there is much complaint of the spotting of tomatoes during transit and their consequent failure to ripen properly. At times also seemingly sound fruit is found to have a dry black rot in the interior. The cause for these troubles has not been ascertained. The well known "Blossom End Rot" of the Southern States occurs here but ordinarily it is not very troublesome and we are practically free from damage by the boll worm. Losses from bacterial bligth are confined to certain very light sandy lands.
Potatoes suffer from scab, early blight or target board blight, and on very sandy lands from bacterial blight or wilt. Scab can be prevented by soaking the seed in a solution of formaline provided the planting is in uninfected land. The early blight which almost always causes the premature dying of the tops can be largely prevented by spraying with Bordeaux Mixture and as this also has a stimulating effect on the growth of the plant its use will doubtless be profitable. Nearly all the potato fields in the States are now sprayed regularly. Fortunately we have no potato beetles in Cuba.
Onions seem to have but one serious enemy. They are often badly injured by Thrip. This damage is usually worse late in the season and it may be largely avoided by early planting. In the Giiines district onions are usually grown from imported sets but along the North coast they are mostly grown from seed.
Egg plant is subject to two serious troubles. All parts of the plant, leaves, stem and fruit are liable to the attack of a spot fungus (Phyllosticta). On the leaves this does little harm but when it attacks the




stems it often girdles them thus causing the death of the entire plant. On the fruit the brown spots quickly develop into a soft rot. Most unfortunately the conditions in transit favor the development of this rot and fruits that seem pretty sound when packed are entirely worthless on arrival at market. Spraying with Bardeaux would doubtless protect the stems from this disease but if used late enough and freely enough to protect the fruit it would stain it badly. The trouble is much worse in some years than others. The NewYork Purple seems to suffer more from it than the Florida High Bush and other similar kinds. Serious losses with egg plants also occur from the attack of a small weevil. This insect hides in the axils of the young leaves and eats out the flower buds. Thus preventing the plants from fruiting. This pest can be checked to some extent by spraying or dusting with Paris green. The insects are however so well protected in their hiding places that the treatment is not fully satisfactory. In this case New York Pur~ple suffers less than the High Bush. Egg plants die on some soils from the bacterial wilt and occasionally are lost from the Sclerotium wilt. This last disease also attacks tomatoes, potatoes and many other vegetables.
Peppers as a rule are quite free from diseases of any kind. Occasionally the foliage is injured by a spot disease and a few plants may be lost froin the two wilts mentioned above.
Squash is liable to serious injury from the melon aphis. This is a very difficult insect to combat and no known treatment is satisfactory. The worst enemy is the pickle worm. This eats the foliage and bores into the fruits. It can be controlled by Paris green or arsenate of lead.
Okra is also attacked by an aphis and the foliage is injured by a black mould. No remedies have been tried for eiter pest.




Full Text
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8 standalone no
fcla fda yes
!-- Annual report ( Book ) --
METS:mets OBJID AA00062326_00003
xmlns:METS http:www.loc.govMETS
xmlns:xlink http:www.w3.org1999xlink
xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance
xmlns:daitss http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss
xmlns:mods http:www.loc.govmodsv3
xmlns:sobekcm http:digital.uflib.ufl.edumetadatasobekcm
xmlns:lom http:digital.uflib.ufl.edumetadatasobekcm_lom
xsi:schemaLocation
http:www.loc.govstandardsmetsmets.xsd
http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitss.xsd
http:www.loc.govmodsv3mods-3-4.xsd
http:digital.uflib.ufl.edumetadatasobekcmsobekcm.xsd
METS:metsHdr CREATEDATE 2018-03-28T09:55:17Z ID LASTMODDATE 2018-03-27T12:30:48Z RECORDSTATUS COMPLETE
METS:agent ROLE CREATOR TYPE ORGANIZATION
METS:name UF,University of Florida
OTHERTYPE SOFTWARE OTHER
Go UFDC FDA Preparation Tool
INDIVIDUAL
UFAD\renner
METS:dmdSec DMD1
METS:mdWrap MDTYPE MODS MIMETYPE textxml LABEL Metadata
METS:xmlData
mods:mods
mods:accessCondition This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services (UFDC@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
mods:identifier type OCLC 690376189
ALEPH 035875201
mods:language
mods:languageTerm text English
code authority iso639-2b eng
mods:location
mods:physicalLocation UF Marston Science Library
UFMSL
mods:url access object in context http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00062326/00003
mods:name corporate
mods:namePart Cuban National Horticultural Society
mods:role
mods:roleTerm Main Entity
mods:note dates or sequential designation v. 1-8, 1907-14.
mods:originInfo
mods:publisher Cuban National Horticultural Society
mods:place
mods:placeTerm marccountry cu
mods:dateIssued 1909
marc point start 1907
end 1914
mods:edition Third Annual Report 1909
mods:recordInfo
mods:recordIdentifier source sobekcm AA00062326_00003
mods:recordCreationDate 101207
mods:recordOrigin Imported from (OCLC)690376189
mods:recordContentSource University of Florida
marcorg OCLCE
eng
OCLCQ
FUG
mods:languageOfCataloging
English
eng
mods:relatedItem original
mods:physicalDescription
mods:extent volumes
series
mods:part
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1909, Third Annual Report
mods:number 1909
Year
1909
1909
Month
Third Annual Report
3
Day
Third Annual Report 1909
3
mods:subject SUBJ650_1 lcsh
mods:topic Horticulture
mods:geographic Cuba
SUBJ650_2 qlsp
Horticultura
mods:titleInfo
mods:title Annual report
mods:typeOfResource text
DMD2
OTHERMDTYPE SOBEKCM SobekCM Custom
sobekcm:procParam
sobekcm:Aggregation ALL
DLOC1
SCIENCES
FAO1
CUBANIMP
IUF
IUFMSL
CUBA
sobekcm:MainThumbnail 00001thm.jpg
sobekcm:Wordmark UFMSL
FLAG
sobekcm:bibDesc
sobekcm:BibID AA00062326
sobekcm:VID 00003
sobekcm:EncodingLevel K
sobekcm:Publisher
sobekcm:Name Cuban National Horticultural Society
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Havana, Cuba
sobekcm:Source
sobekcm:statement UF University of Florida
sobekcm:SortDate 696151
sobekcm:serial
sobekcm:SerialHierarchy level 1 order 1909 1909, Third Annual Report
METS:amdSec
METS:digiprovMD DIGIPROV1
DAITSS Archiving Information
daitss:daitss
daitss:AGREEMENT_INFO ACCOUNT PROJECT UFDC
METS:techMD TECH1
File Technical Details
sobekcm:FileInfo
sobekcm:File fileid JP21 width 1490 height 2490
JPEG1 598 1000
JPEG2
JP22
JPEG3
JP23
JPEG4
JP24
JPEG5
JP25
JPEG6
JP26
JPEG7
JP27
JPEG8
JP28
JPEG9
JP29
JPEG10
JP210
JPEG11
JP211
JPEG12
JP212
JPEG13
JP213
JPEG14
JP214
JPEG15
JP215
JPEG16
JP216
JPEG17
JP217
JPEG18
JP218
JPEG19
JP219
JPEG20
JP220
JPEG21
JP221
JPEG22
JP222
JPEG23
JP223
JPEG24
JP224
JPEG25
JP225
JPEG26
JP226
JPEG27
JP227
JPEG28
JP228
JPEG29
JP229
JPEG30
JP230
JPEG31
JP231
JPEG32
JP232
JPEG33
JP233
JPEG34
JP234
JPEG35
JP235
JPEG36
JP236
JPEG37
JP237
JPEG38
JP238
JPEG39
JP239
JPEG40
JP240
JPEG41
JP241
JPEG42
JP242
JPEG43
JP243
JPEG44
JP244
JPEG45 594
JP245 1480
JPEG46
JP246
JPEG47
JP247
JPEG48
JP248
JPEG49
JP249
JPEG50
JP250
JPEG51
JP251
JPEG52
JP252
JPEG53
JP253
JPEG54
JP254
JPEG55
JP255
JPEG56
JP256
JPEG57
JP257
JPEG58
JP258
JPEG59
JP259
JPEG60
JP260
JPEG61
JP261
JPEG62
JP262
JPEG63
JP263
JPEG64
JP264
JPEG65
JP265
JPEG66
JP266
JPEG67
JP267
JPEG68
JP268
JPEG69
JP269
JPEG70
JP270
JPEG71
JP271
JPEG72
JP272
JPEG73
JP273
JPEG74
JP274
JPEG75
JP275
JPEG76
JP276
JPEG77
JP277
JPEG78
JP278
JPEG79
JP279
JPEG80
JP280
JPEG81
JP281
JPEG82
JP282
JPEG83
JP283
JPEG84
JP284
JPEG85
JP285
JPEG86
JP286
JPEG87
JP287
JPEG88
JP288
JPEG89
JP289
JPEG90
JP290
JPEG91
JP291
JPEG92
JP292
JPEG93
JP293
JPEG94
JP294
JPEG95
JP295
JPEG96
JP296
JPEG97
JP297
JPEG98
JP298
JPEG99
JP299
JPEG100
JP2100
JPEG101
JP2101
JPEG102
JP2102
JPEG103
JP2103
JPEG104
JP2104
JPEG105
JP2105
JPEG106
JP2106
JPEG107
JP2107
JPEG108
JP2108
JPEG109
JP2109
JPEG110
JP2110
JPEG111
JP2111
JPEG112
JP2112
JPEG113
JP2113
JPEG114
JP2114
JPEG115
JP2115
JPEG116
JP2116
JPEG117
JP2117
JPEG118
JP2118
JPEG119
JP2119
JPEG120
JP2120
JPEG121
JP2121
JPEG122
JP2122
JPEG123
JP2123
JPEG124
JP2124
JPEG125
JP2125
JPEG126
JP2126
JPEG127
JP2127
JPEG128
JP2128
JPEG129
JP2129
JPEG130
JP2130
JPEG131
JP2131
JPEG132
JP2132
JPEG133
JP2133
JPEG134
JP2134
JPEG135
JP2135
JPEG136
JP2136
JPEG137
JP2137
JPEG138
JP2138
JPEG139
JP2139
JPEG140
JP2140
JPEG141
JP2141
JPEG142
JP2142
JPEG143
JP2143
JPEG144
JP2144
JPEG145
JP2145
JPEG146
JP2146
JPEG147
JP2147
JPEG148
JP2148
JPEG149
JP2149
JPEG150
JP2150
JPEG151
JP2151
JPEG152
JP2152
JPEG153
JP2153
JPEG154
JP2154
JPEG155
JP2155
JPEG156
JP2156
JPEG157
JP2157
JPEG158
JP2158
JPEG159
JP2159
JPEG160
JP2160
JPEG161
JP2161
JPEG162
JP2162
JPEG163
JP2163
JPEG164
JP2164
JPEG165
JP2165
JPEG166
JP2166
JPEG167
JP2167
JPEG168
JP2168
JPEG169
JP2169
JPEG170
JP2170
JPEG171
JP2171
JPEG172
JP2172
JPEG173
JP2173
JPEG174
JP2174
JPEG175
JP2175
JPEG176
JP2176
JPEG177
JP2177
JPEG178
JP2178
JPEG179
JP2179
JPEG180
JP2180
JPEG181
JP2181
JPEG182
JP2182
JPEG183
JP2183
JPEG184
JP2184
JPEG185
JP2185
JPEG186
JP2186
JPEG187
JP2187
JPEG188
JP2188
JPEG189
JP2189
JPEG190
JP2190
JPEG191
JP2191
JPEG192
JP2192
METS:fileSec
METS:fileGrp USE archive
METS:file GROUPID G1 TIF1 imagetiff CHECKSUM fc6f25efc6d590914b46c2a784af1c84 CHECKSUMTYPE MD5 SIZE 11151334
METS:FLocat LOCTYPE OTHERLOCTYPE SYSTEM xlink:href 00001.tif
G2 TIF2 ddfde8b9b5d52f991e5b0e2ffcd74f0e
00002.tif
G3 TIF3 6ec620ab48c23dea68300bc22c2fd207
00003.tif
G4 TIF4 2d6db4643ab6a501f548776850d95b5f
00004.tif
G5 TIF5 1f974d0b85d9e244b84ada0fff4ee63e
00005.tif
G6 TIF6 dc8590741e44367c7b5c7d92bd61be8d
00006.tif
G7 TIF7 6f5a7b0a320a310efbb49af906afd5a6
00007.tif
G8 TIF8 e1283e63fa01b2609f7771d6e94c947b
00008.tif
G9 TIF9 cabc940445e8ebc131c40b14788aace8
00009.tif
G10 TIF10 e1803dde6750a3c958d57a68e8cc7666
00010.tif
G11 TIF11 0bfddf7f4ce7c3f589ab9debd97e9c34
00011.tif
G12 TIF12 cc8ff9604251d6dc1bbc505515a3adf8
00012.tif
G13 TIF13 97a17928559dcafe6c69db1e8de64ac5
00013.tif
G14 TIF14 41a00679a4a56eae29500bf9a3acd625
00014.tif
G15 TIF15 ffd1cae8298cb5905a89040d6ffd474a
00015.tif
G16 TIF16 4c847f2e3f50e06371bbca0552b4d9db
00016.tif
G17 TIF17 2c274be33412e5c2efcb078a3b195df0
00017.tif
G18 TIF18 d2cd60fffa1aaf5b76663214fc594071
00018.tif
G19 TIF19 80bf4099b2c895e0e46569835edd04fd
00019.tif
G20 TIF20 7ee846bb83325df4c38a081056dc6873
00020.tif
G21 TIF21 e5296e83c20bc2b04cb11df9fe590751
00021.tif
G22 TIF22 dc9179ea995b5a2fd0bc280501ccef88
00022.tif
G23 TIF23 f9db1abbd2ae545c6c3626bee3413700
00023.tif
G24 TIF24 5450e09118b9bd453aec65cab7b98e9e
00024.tif
G25 TIF25 9c4adf6346def45edcfc8047bdcac918
00025.tif
G26 TIF26 ecc0be9276e448bb086f8d930f4d0f92
00026.tif
G27 TIF27 039da526f9932ce258535f5027ceb64b
00027.tif
G28 TIF28 b8289cce7ae98e51bf3ff3806059ef58
00028.tif
G29 TIF29 330ace1c6ea85290ec1af1a953a0675a
00029.tif
G30 TIF30 2c04caace0c3d2c0158206ddbaf6ce13
00030.tif
G31 TIF31 abbb555b394aa46d7e3aecbf4c3d8688
00031.tif
G32 TIF32 57cf34f8f9cbcc7c15d71e24986858b7
00032.tif
G33 TIF33 40a14565c6d61d146e6291b41d82cdc5
00033.tif
G34 TIF34 e596f6fd96f52ade295c9d7e2e313ed7
00034.tif
G35 TIF35 dddd3297b650706adfa23925f82194c4
00035.tif
G36 TIF36 bc46de888be478c138a5490f73627f07
00036.tif
G37 TIF37 62195af6a98df4d9486b3c2dfcdcb2ee
00037.tif
G38 TIF38 7d7ac9c08cbf96f9aba8b5361f682b7b
00038.tif
G39 TIF39 b1fed9fd827b9e76b2c494c7456aa7da
00039.tif
G40 TIF40 26ac45c5157b4c91d09b8d62516b1d7b
00040.tif
G41 TIF41 3d569f9f1455fde25bd2547a405df336
00041.tif
G42 TIF42 80b22a42ec2ee89e8f8413d3c7a6f008
00042.tif
G43 TIF43 03e91292a8edef5c47de9389601ed803
00043.tif
G44 TIF44 9146fe1bbd7530292f3647d9d82e3ecd
00044.tif
G45 TIF45 8f180b6587a1ebc74cfe1effd44ac1dd 11076634
00045.tif
G46 TIF46 81fec72b8bbde16ee5100f23dff8ff6c
00046.tif
G47 TIF47 6e219c633f8061afba62a0b4243961f8
00047.tif
G48 TIF48 c3ac1e451c2f908b2bc88f9fd760f17f
00048.tif
G49 TIF49 6309fd401ba55d383d91c6256ef2f67a
00049.tif
G50 TIF50 2bbf73edd21fec30bbd62dd37775c9a6
00050.tif
G51 TIF51 1681943c5ed9fb85cac567f88c3936f3
00051.tif
G52 TIF52 6360826ba0cb03443e30ba72166f2b01
00052.tif
G53 TIF53 177fbaac9e05e3ddf3963ad003880034
00053.tif
G54 TIF54 71dc3514a4dff2625b0b738377420d97
00054.tif
G55 TIF55 1aaefd9805e167ea3e96dd7e08e3c2ee
00055.tif
G56 TIF56 7e0d892d351e7b4796adda00501ce0de
00056.tif
G57 TIF57 aa08f97d14d505b844fd87fc441ee64d
00057.tif
G58 TIF58 56c1ca4b4b9c51df9adc83b9d9e8ae3d
00058.tif
G59 TIF59 b2022f12830bdad99946ab6a2f1023c5
00059.tif
G60 TIF60 eb285f747b9da690e6dfa19791eb196d
00060.tif
G61 TIF61 91677a39458f4235aace4900e32a4290
00061.tif
G62 TIF62 91efdc7ad8a7c830298238bfefcac46d
00062.tif
G63 TIF63 513c6227cd5f082745503711d0fea224
00063.tif
G64 TIF64 fe5977e49553f1aca476e40795c22007
00064.tif
G65 TIF65 2b735947c432bc2d83dcce4b02fe5c56
00065.tif
G66 TIF66 7b99eae62929a4354434a0bf21a3fc28
00066.tif
G67 TIF67 238b918ca70ace5a42b652fb03dcef1b
00067.tif
G68 TIF68 6e2243ae35f7a0f7cd3231b7b297e9b6
00068.tif
G69 TIF69 59730d90053c0c8520da11a6457f67e5
00069.tif
G70 TIF70 c5e0f7c0413e80b08a994ff4eea533f6
00070.tif
G71 TIF71 7f45fd7ed8489dd6ebd22cfd13ae58cb
00071.tif
G72 TIF72 460b7678f7f171dbb6a494ed4cee0650
00072.tif
G73 TIF73 737f6cead3c521c65bc2780d75353eb2
00073.tif
G74 TIF74 1affd53cc04341d6ebee3d347bfbbad8
00074.tif
G75 TIF75 d9435576d0c58c0f783814d9a26ef937
00075.tif
G76 TIF76 a4e4ea5232cc404e78d3361776d4dc9a
00076.tif
G77 TIF77 f342db11651c8f929ca3fed57a345d57
00077.tif
G78 TIF78 9170245ad7e357c7939978dca58c2eda
00078.tif
G79 TIF79 b467d868471b85f223f25951668d5567
00079.tif
G80 TIF80 f2f48349b4a4c860e605b365f6e3eac4
00080.tif
G81 TIF81 a85902f084faade3e1e07d696ec6b4eb
00081.tif
G82 TIF82 2f8811a380ce8d29d7ba8697777e0647
00082.tif
G83 TIF83 7f75b734402d586a5af8de7410ba3e3d
00083.tif
G84 TIF84 2423553893b34ced6f74c1fda446adb3
00084.tif
G85 TIF85 68cac8181a2d532daeeaddbac59e5476
00085.tif
G86 TIF86 55da7de2ebbf1640e1bc65defb3b1a22
00086.tif
G87 TIF87 c75359609d79262c60cd6abb44d0c0b9
00087.tif
G88 TIF88 aa8683778129cf88004edee2c9653633
00088.tif
G89 TIF89 3faa243989eada4214faee33866c83c4
00089.tif
G90 TIF90 d1270ad02dabd6cb9a6a7ad1db3664bb
00090.tif
G91 TIF91 59b7bcd57478e70be654bc3c8d3b97ad
00091.tif
G92 TIF92 9fa4e51e145bdbfabe752cd293444f12
00092.tif
G93 TIF93 e079a3057ea09a1e9a6c38030527a43a
00093.tif
G94 TIF94 4fbe60bf6fe97af252faa0bfa91733b0
00094.tif
G95 TIF95 a58a79966a516b35ef4a04a06696849b
00095.tif
G96 TIF96 e1daeb339fc9981bc718b055aa27580f
00096.tif
G97 TIF97 b35f32aeeb634874708118979e976238
00097.tif
G98 TIF98 1e1910842efd60d6bf3e47f6ee4e8db9
00098.tif
G99 TIF99 13f159ba9d084e33e9b17a3d08a3f059
00099.tif
G100 TIF100 61af21b31f09536a18b41fba562aad70
00100.tif
G101 TIF101 19fc5e5bfb8293f518b25e28c563d164
00101.tif
G102 TIF102 b7da5daf1292f33fea4e53b010c7bf94
00102.tif
G103 TIF103 cc856e75ffd411f0a5abe99f9ff48b27
00103.tif
G104 TIF104 b15477e4a2b51678665a8deef26b5924
00104.tif
G105 TIF105 c621888c315abb073f214cb6d29185ee
00105.tif
G106 TIF106 1bdf8eeda28ba260d6ee2d7ccf40f2db
00106.tif
G107 TIF107 9eaea314ce51620f9eb28c51d9dab5b1
00107.tif
G108 TIF108 f8ea2fcdc10335162678b8e2373cea6c
00108.tif
G109 TIF109 291418145fa7797e76a2c2a99e7f8d92
00109.tif
G110 TIF110 0aec1619de7a6d90b81ab032d34f5602
00110.tif
G111 TIF111 455cbb1b7f11b8d16876adcbc7f7d424
00111.tif
G112 TIF112 44c5920e437b2bf2480f8c077ac6e982
00112.tif
G113 TIF113 89994ff63222106d719980eaeea6362f
00113.tif
G114 TIF114 cf99ecca48390f6069fd4ddc81ca296c
00114.tif
G115 TIF115 b7ce9beb889aa857d3b6a459e8da6151
00115.tif
G116 TIF116 b9a7c63de321b6b896c71527008ee6f1
00116.tif
G117 TIF117 bacf585381a978512e52c0390eedad3d
00117.tif
G118 TIF118 4a0ca5e9b518b246e9b655bc1b20eaf6
00118.tif
G119 TIF119 5a67e31a30a75cee7a058cd069c6909e
00119.tif
G120 TIF120 7694fd31cbbc62f17aa4d1850961305c
00120.tif
G121 TIF121 79a14023376edb1471491e10c1b9de26
00121.tif
G122 TIF122 57defc049e344101f43d7c7d86a3345e
00122.tif
G123 TIF123 da5f0010e8168c2aee46e291d4255bb8
00123.tif
G124 TIF124 d3041d23ba1d6677bba0e37292948b67
00124.tif
G125 TIF125 0f620139a52bde3632b4ef97633ba5c1
00125.tif
G126 TIF126 06928c9cf086fac76a13fd71156cda23
00126.tif
G127 TIF127 0b7dd1cd46be7fe806739f6a89a37a7f
00127.tif
G128 TIF128 39cf26a84466fd53cb36acbad43efcd5
00128.tif
G129 TIF129 ef25b25d8fdd58dbae24573a2f9303e8
00129.tif
G130 TIF130 22b60b6ad6aaa9344365defc422b6139
00130.tif
G131 TIF131 4d00694c0933a19b7092db9960765945
00131.tif
G132 TIF132 0367540a64f6d870017d662a209ba7ea
00132.tif
G133 TIF133 e6b7d6f0177eff0353d2d58bc66e2515
00133.tif
G134 TIF134 d84e98a61cfb31a3e94a0521bb7e9ab4
00134.tif
G135 TIF135 9d3d63f5d2278616e2376041497a3da0
00135.tif
G136 TIF136 b311f6be0d2a64a618a1e9cb962489b7
00136.tif
G137 TIF137 4fe7ec0e932ddc8fe5cb6bdf97cb0015
00137.tif
G138 TIF138 73d76f2bf97e6333074be81b02a33c06
00138.tif
G139 TIF139 05512122b4fd4f19f466199a6f4eef0d
00139.tif
G140 TIF140 20c93fb5b267ea3d05de045d19756068
00140.tif
G141 TIF141 afd99d4e50a099c322da391e17879cd7
00141.tif
G142 TIF142 3e81784894eeff22e6875fe032e320ad
00142.tif
G143 TIF143 dd8f47ae2025ef7943cf0f541a89887c
00143.tif
G144 TIF144 f8a1e5c3dd72c618e7ec3021daac6638
00144.tif
G145 TIF145 4161af76e2559d553aeb3906ba2fd8cb
00145.tif
G146 TIF146 2e55aa7c8deaf54bee5080cfb5ce579d
00146.tif
G147 TIF147 1ff4f81ba2d047387b2053f74804a856
00147.tif
G148 TIF148 9a0e131c966e4c5e5a6aea80cd747c2e
00148.tif
G149 TIF149 2c10fcf73c41be5bd5b9061b1a3a83ab
00149.tif
G150 TIF150 8bd8dbbd535990ea5f354f489daef2f1
00150.tif
G151 TIF151 0b98a263b28bb07dbb8961eda305e268
00151.tif
G152 TIF152 5588df974028aea6a55bb252b9e90637
00152.tif
G153 TIF153 93ce7fb7a0675b95da0d7c1b9ca02194
00153.tif
G154 TIF154 ee48b4bc7e0ec3567c62442690b42f22
00154.tif
G155 TIF155 c34bca7bd7e9d215dac96f88a11e11c0
00155.tif
G156 TIF156 d267b9e24b5206433859a706d85ff611
00156.tif
G157 TIF157 2eb62a6dfc7994f8c1b4ba49a3a5207c
00157.tif
G158 TIF158 5b8b3bd0b954c429179564d215488e7f
00158.tif
G159 TIF159 9d7dcbe8890c9b342ff49395460d7593
00159.tif
G160 TIF160 6a6a037cc4f1f5fa6862d36d73d46d65
00160.tif
G161 TIF161 311e0184febe0441bbd319ac559a4fe1
00161.tif
G162 TIF162 c402141e08589bf108224923d4a75221
00162.tif
G163 TIF163 3c73a2aeddd5169cda94119aee81ca9d
00163.tif
G164 TIF164 0a5a09155054c1481dd5d2ac56184cef
00164.tif
G165 TIF165 5ceaa58e28b6b630642742be76bc7e84
00165.tif
G166 TIF166 1d2fd96e2b78e8da4ac15be0ffbdb4ed
00166.tif
G167 TIF167 36aa48b50abe469d8ab048e3bc041a7f
00167.tif
G168 TIF168 2f95668ad6f175e09f98f9155944790a
00168.tif
G169 TIF169 1fbaf5d6d0207450696344ee6a018009
00169.tif
G170 TIF170 10e7aef5c675e83c2bac09a4a016075f
00170.tif
G171 TIF171 a4b5d9f391bb1fd2302c4a2d9f58d6c9
00171.tif
G172 TIF172 473c440b9b34134a16f2b94804e92757
00172.tif
G173 TIF173 48384ce6194b291b3e485c298d2f1eac
00173.tif
G174 TIF174 8ea1e18ad3a416aa620e0dd400677dc7
00174.tif
G175 TIF175 fa837c5a49c95e4dcabbe2df09a166c0
00175.tif
G176 TIF176 c348fa9064d63c7c4040f3c123102b8b
00176.tif
G177 TIF177 a8b64fe7490216fc0bcdd5c61559a2b3
00177.tif
G178 TIF178 8e65719f56197316328f41457fc523f0
00178.tif
G179 TIF179 9ecc13898e54cace0f5a99458e56ff98
00179.tif
G180 TIF180 b9cdab001f933f4d3af8fb7adb804dec
00180.tif
G181 TIF181 3aa72f39958a3068d4f4c00eb2d6c3d5
00181.tif
G182 TIF182 4f6750d2b659a183016ef82443eae564
00182.tif
G183 TIF183 a8760555c39ff71ae98443f68469462c
00183.tif
G184 TIF184 ff627d4166c7de70b6682771d227bebc
00184.tif
G185 TIF185 6a24e8e3beab0a675ff2f47907da6cc4
00185.tif
G186 TIF186 728d5da7cd0159428afed3f3a4f103a5
00186.tif
G187 TIF187 d137415696966b33944b97bdeac775a0
00187.tif
G188 TIF188 2c5207e1a24b9462eb9e605bbfd0c8d2
00188.tif
G189 TIF189 5d942a67564514fa29664cb5e99c71cd
00189.tif
G190 TIF190 9db3f428179a2393a39e74673d2d91d6
00190.tif
G191 TIF191 f3ccb537f6f25c2611237aefd76cccd7
00191.tif
G192 TIF192 eac3b850cf97c2884bcdab845009a44e
00192.tif
reference
imagejp2 704c5cf48c70dfa020357fac4fef66d8 463830
00001.jp2
274c1b55725e50672123de932914885f 463639
00002.jp2
de7c49a9d3497e66ec047f10df751a11 463754
00003.jp2
831f3c886585bbc79b47b9f15bef9a88 463664
00004.jp2
4e854291f2936ad835dbef45566ff853 463872
00005.jp2
6a1b1dc5d0ac290d6970680222470889 463755
00006.jp2
71deabc27fa5712b4a96799113af8a60 463815
00007.jp2
a2f1e671f6a793746f09679ac02603f6 463686
00008.jp2
7831c249b83bbc497aa6b0c91f9f2e5e 463850
00009.jp2
323abf4d40297c085a2cc19556dd8007 463690
00010.jp2
8082206704f649114dbc76b845b878ff 463562
00011.jp2
3963f19d37449c98cecd76037c497e78 463536
00012.jp2
750b7bee73df83fb6a1c7d786402ec7b 463504
00013.jp2
b9fa29b1b8dfdf5cebd42385c08aac64 463834
00014.jp2
971c00a5ac779af4afee932aec2b6fe9 463871
00015.jp2
7017fbe60f9ce1f87ceeb30a37ab6dfe 463818
00016.jp2
2d156a684026056a6dd02045c0d31c37 463618
00017.jp2
7914613ad182cb3ba966925d88288e48 463734
00018.jp2
864ef3899749fcd3a37b7b4bc74adb39 463840
00019.jp2
08f3556a25c2f4f6abc68b1ee8e8325d 463860
00020.jp2
3078ef32578c5a0dc0c84a8aa49d796d 463824
00021.jp2
9d4f2707ada9d9d77cef266a47827a48 463678
00022.jp2
c20848b72aff865161aa41044a54a71e 463776
00023.jp2
1d0d3935a261d4ced6915b885053f445 463862
00024.jp2
6ef40b924df2a0877d0281c3af597cbb 463806
00025.jp2
79e2b00a13b7fdd0de2c7816ed0df219 463857
00026.jp2
59022005aedba5902f94f723c6e5bc96 463833
00027.jp2
86eeecbf5e7f82b6c6f2206927d13286 463848
00028.jp2
8ecc1d2e81c138e1e4414a0a288936d5 463665
00029.jp2
db440755524d3539937098b58bf22393 463858
00030.jp2
14c0db42f491dea13f89e6df8f24a29c 463805
00031.jp2
5ca12e09afa19e314aa2d1a455fa1d86 463708
00032.jp2
4c584e11d37db26297060f3477837353 463780
00033.jp2
c3e74f7f44935749439f842cdba79d04
00034.jp2
7c22fa232b4aab34b87573d11b775b94
00035.jp2
e840cde234cbb05ca09968f7500b45a7 463799
00036.jp2
1a10e419cb67c8a13bf53635bf8fe495 463867
00037.jp2
e036215a6496b1b7df70b53133a4f56d 463855
00038.jp2
9d240e77ad41be97a3b052748291ad6c 463823
00039.jp2
20f2e54c1958d3d9c97e36df2e84f50e
00040.jp2
29d2174f3f19c4f53a81a9d034deae2a 463797
00041.jp2
0d585ab6272601b2c2a983add1300a78
00042.jp2
4c8104ca60fbbcbcf567c4db0ce89c34 463766
00043.jp2
2e6fdb35eda6cea6837efcffb5e193a8
00044.jp2
b56b897cc0f278bbb0e9e62a41110599 460754
00045.jp2
6055593c8d8b9fe89398fc8110cbd7f8 463825
00046.jp2
97424c9c5e3790d69f37154c3db0c83a 463849
00047.jp2
99e5ca14b2169b12f480b845231a4045
00048.jp2
735bb9419f39e74e0a34b083d5bcf85c 463859
00049.jp2
abaf99f5214f13e8874028a26d2fd8b9 463864
00050.jp2
db2200ed461852c1f7e5d18ca5134ff4 463786
00051.jp2
2a2fbec4c86d3f8625a09ca35ef25410
00052.jp2
70a9f62a35ef3b755629dfcd8082be95 463729
00053.jp2
2a23379629bac099060ee69e13082e4b 463756
00054.jp2
b159398b7a88d2f3cd88a819e39a6b50 463852
00055.jp2
fd38bbc1746cbfde7d0ac6dbaa906640 463804
00056.jp2
18aae08e6ce7ffcdd43f831ee1a33a75 463856
00057.jp2
fc1367db6b86b567f5c3e5c67039ae62 463844
00058.jp2
b7dc52544b172f22559db7147e55cb62 463771
00059.jp2
6ad0e855e8ccdfc6add809d31d34f27c
00060.jp2
b2b31f8a22324d72ea8a9e7bb63163ce
00061.jp2
42e6be12c0d4587b75e53305078b3adb
00062.jp2
cc0967f745c751781b0e347165f51ae2
00063.jp2
d88923ca6902d1364cebf4b272833b75 463870
00064.jp2
c8f0b1eb63990c672d4a3918f2807abb 463845
00065.jp2
b619a1180aba9b436e0caeebd6c26dcc 463854
00066.jp2
692b8f5e0d2318fb1fca3b9b0e6f12e1 463700
00067.jp2
b5dcb5b84f5317f14f38dc1b37e41dcc
00068.jp2
a15723ceb41b19f3655f389d1ba710ec 463720
00069.jp2
987c3658a72615b1b5395839e9032f15 463826
00070.jp2
b93d503e5a142c6c8927ef805b03260a 463642
00071.jp2
fe363d1c899bbb03f1603b792b6946f5 463677
00072.jp2
7ce8159e5ada44b372869a2779cc426d 463567
00073.jp2
3e77af9bc264d34aadfe1b90e0810a97
00074.jp2
260b49409c6b638ee531986fd557e63d
00075.jp2
2025af29442797dfb7303193177ce674
00076.jp2
2b3f9af7d92ff5669bf7bf063b103d61
00077.jp2
0ebc019e2e4daa93d5f4800227ee7933 463829
00078.jp2
cd0327960191f094d46faefdeb330b7e
00079.jp2
628f36003cb62b7e098a827bc2cb8640 463671
00080.jp2
4ed61db1bc26832400799ef7be753b52 463801
00081.jp2
5c014309a362976d34c7545f10662d81
00082.jp2
514f9eb7590e590752941569483f5fbc 463773
00083.jp2
31b01434e6f1619e918a0d0c0022bf6a 463861
00084.jp2
9e83b2917a6ab2900f1b93ce17467257
00085.jp2
2aab7f68a98d1dfba3b540b3772e1575 463851
00086.jp2
892cd58d1445729e13e4e80f0632ff0e 463800
00087.jp2
6b103471eeb1ae46e46f23295a585ba2
00088.jp2
367fdb9c42a49965727f72db478937e4 463869
00089.jp2
cc805e32371fb65f4e5670a3643a4e0f
00090.jp2
24d962374c3ad726ef6d62ce8564d2ed 463696
00091.jp2
f6e83ad13f84030a0c606a4605541840
00092.jp2
20e7af88bc347c88cae335b2340a68ba
00093.jp2
73dab67a5e555b16e2b749dc16e6d4b3 463841
00094.jp2
b09873a05243bde6545b471881352045 463751
00095.jp2
9756beae3f30fa765d197925474be17c
00096.jp2
1a25c7078e9ef2cfd10b3915a604f62a 463750
00097.jp2
7cab32559f37de98ef040bedad94e537 463682
00098.jp2
1be3f2fa9dcac892e5b0e3bb4d0de55e 463613
00099.jp2
1630a45f1f88a0848d35e888698c2d64
00100.jp2
cde21dae9289a79011e2db835522bcc2
00101.jp2
43194bff628be59201108f04575193cb 463583
00102.jp2
1bc326e04ae3558780b4e07e5ac829f3 463865
00103.jp2
d77950ba4a3da277ab2165c92b19b63b 463868
00104.jp2
ee41726827cd47daa08d344bab32e52d 463783
00105.jp2
9216aa5855a3a89e2fa707a4b23d32df 463807
00106.jp2
de902ed1e36d69e5c53c6cb8341a75d6
00107.jp2
7b7ab6290c0901d8d70ad0e824d6d4c8 463795
00108.jp2
5d50e9f269d7311c4610d3a75dfe4097 460703
00109.jp2
3c239305db8fef40aae85310028acd81
00110.jp2
f4fa2e937bed00a9206154c1328ff793 460424
00111.jp2
d578a4baeed3e9d083e23262732610f9 463873
00112.jp2
244f09d507c4c3cb14f7beec2b006829 463866
00113.jp2
40fd1453da505270d6d7c75b1e58dbc6 463759
00114.jp2
470b1c3adb5df22a92768a618e6740be 463721
00115.jp2
e8ef4c07943fa2f24ca608b51672f2dc 463683
00116.jp2
3b818261a4a9ca1a788cbf43d29f510e
00117.jp2
78b48f42e92e88f8704471502e97e2fc 463863
00118.jp2
654344fffa12e8e7c9a188d1f9109ec1
00119.jp2
f0fdd978cbb90bf7384c4b2a11948721 463581
00120.jp2
6576ca601a4667ae29dd71c4b9b04e98
00121.jp2
667105d9cc69e339a4c9fb40e2721a75 463832
00122.jp2
d9b2d1564568e51738fa822a5295da92
00123.jp2
ac9906d5961cb4f499be9ee8d4b6934c 463792
00124.jp2
be12803156c6c79edd7ec841bcb254b6 463847
00125.jp2
e54539719815f46688e4638b66c41de4 463794
00126.jp2
c1d627bbfe26c9195951a25d3e935781
00127.jp2
c1e191647296a3cb00de92fd26cfc106 463652
00128.jp2
562789dbb07b3ffa04c1ff32b730e79a
00129.jp2
466744f8aebe4af1aafe3731970df1e9 463809
00130.jp2
3006ac4e52b370a707c43453ac00ff02
00131.jp2
0a12a77ae1815ae67909d8558ce129d6
00132.jp2
26d0b49443a7d06f2aed902712f738b8
00133.jp2
752684f475a9595c1726aeb976e0b8a5 463819
00134.jp2
9f086242a95c2d70369c212e9012ce70 463763
00135.jp2
3570702ab742e4e73bc01097f0644249
00136.jp2
37b54a5d2575a4ff32ff18f54653976b
00137.jp2
518f2fbbba029f14e82cda73037a0f5b
00138.jp2
899329c4b53bc22d9cc36281edabda0b
00139.jp2
4faa673e250df3b48149127e22e00e88 463764
00140.jp2
816d4e24232ec9457f9dd3484c2c4b60
00141.jp2
ca9608dc46081f443048152867d73dcf 463770
00142.jp2
88bfb6222f4f582fa57309e87faf8bba 460736
00143.jp2
ee8e2b6c55867b41fc8b4328b891af95
00144.jp2
eb991351d8fd1b18a9cc407847a0bf4d
00145.jp2
a6752d11f5bbdd62644bf042ac8cb800
00146.jp2
bf822239ebd8ff363c85b8e16e96e5a2 463843
00147.jp2
7f41af99b8b8b5b62427ee6a621da830 463563
00148.jp2
fd3e791a9b51979f61bf8a117ae3bb29 463739
00149.jp2
0ae332a1e924133c375d8ff02627bc94
00150.jp2
237a3bb414e1c6a88f2d479358fe40a5
00151.jp2
dd5d3e22ee44f9aea62f09ec4befd288 463813
00152.jp2
8fc5a029f19d8dd40e6cc7662ffe5854
00153.jp2
2c60162077b09dded00a11819447cbc4 463687
00154.jp2
6ea84f7026784b6cfcd865e103800dca
00155.jp2
e56f9e3eaa201076653b9cf4b91e0ee8 463668
00156.jp2
7b947e93798ad0243d3a227f5d5593f3
00157.jp2
d8cd2a8c5649ad3f0ce59a827db5f0eb
00158.jp2
59750682d89a13c7ad38d492659bc6fe 463803
00159.jp2
c372a80f30b5f1de376ee1d3f0db672b 463784
00160.jp2
55cdc8d1d6c6defbd036124366821dd3
00161.jp2
fc544c620e76f5383836cb0c57ddbbb1
00162.jp2
8a36e720094f5f1d88a3186199625f01
00163.jp2
9a696115ba79ffab52c12e7b83053382
00164.jp2
cd9b6008b039ea82bb757c4ee67968cb
00165.jp2
9ca1a17e18f12c5defc0e45aa18f02cc 463853
00166.jp2
830cdebc2ce33119d115fbea205cfeb0 463782
00167.jp2
ad3fed368e519a391bebc3ac16eb5c9b
00168.jp2
3ab6d28d643a40f11f8946fe1ecdd373
00169.jp2
f88ccd0783d4dce3e3e7247fdc3b8fdf 463712
00170.jp2
06cb79c94667964c12a55064fcb07fc1 463772
00171.jp2
c61e5d1227bdc20d256a0affb8fc3b74 463730
00172.jp2
72b4417f5ca95048d7a335ea763ce372
00173.jp2
d9e1edc085cfd725cac735200065cad3
00174.jp2
99271f3ae99c1895300e7eee0068ad9f 460760
00175.jp2
73774b16d76bdcd6f318c1e5a26809b8
00176.jp2
cd029ad3c78f61869c8391cef174da53
00177.jp2
bb73316c0184f8740e833d6252318ee3 463778
00178.jp2
16ed1e7cb73e33023b8eef0993314cba 463821
00179.jp2
eba670f1d5c55537ab25c6d57d091a32 463822
00180.jp2
ce51ea2316a91080a86b774051f6ae71 463837
00181.jp2
a769ef1df6121e07a4f223f39a257f14 463498
00182.jp2
5a4d5389a2206ba24040532dced686e2 460722
00183.jp2
8873c5d424371867d054b79b1b2034ae 463788
00184.jp2
030be537ffb54b09de19412af9d4bdaf 463675
00185.jp2
b68d81db2824c8504699d35310a1eac7 463765
00186.jp2
baf2038d52d710434200a592edad47d3 463522
00187.jp2
f50c61c8b9ecf1d4c4b44f711a359d10 463554
00188.jp2
9490767f7f7693c0a3de16d2a170508d 463568
00189.jp2
e1e6dd9e627ce789b727d28df5455611
00190.jp2
458da9d9fb32224413ab925a155ab783 463707
00191.jp2
80bd5381b365a839591a2df6cd975f19 463636
00192.jp2
imagejpeg 51bfe3542d07ea2fc90816efac2ee94b 125287
00001.jpg
JPEG1.2 c392551766ea852c9843022e58873bb6 30302
00001.QC.jpg
d4b83ff893dfc377e834e2dfba878e1f 77289
00002.jpg
JPEG2.2 582c89c444e6a12eaf44da42658e8f9f 15371
00002.QC.jpg
8c51c92e927effae7e95d3be90dd7ccd 165038
00003.jpg
JPEG3.2 1d6f886aff5a07820994a05a79c0f018 43126
00003.QC.jpg
5f078b560acfdd1913714a80d654acdf 78563
00004.jpg
JPEG4.2 cfcc71872b5a0122b79c2f18571c782e 15933
00004.QC.jpg
8fcf88e142218ef30f2303f942b7c8d0 181344
00005.jpg
JPEG5.2 3a2affaf3f2698141be8a549860e78d9 48876
00005.QC.jpg
e5ec344d7622bb5fc37595f7ab6fd187 117124
00006.jpg
JPEG6.2 920ba288e48d6e41c046edcd8df19127 28545
00006.QC.jpg
a8858980790a317262601954cf9530c3 163627
00007.jpg
JPEG7.2 e0ddade2840e384227540c31bd420cce 43483
00007.QC.jpg
e258338ba76b59dcd8ed222c5afb1c83 214238
00008.jpg
JPEG8.2 f891dd97f44134dd36c828b57f27a878 56824
00008.QC.jpg
3f7054066e6b5cb43c7c755435786e0f 213240
00009.jpg
JPEG9.2 cf81d0d0e6106075edfdad527f65a1c4 57085
00009.QC.jpg
f40b6324be3043c8f94f4618e7e5a58c 210450
00010.jpg
JPEG10.2 cb863b8a099f24669b86799c8c9bc797 56204
00010.QC.jpg
a4a412a7c8883430d63c6492e1853cd6 212892
00011.jpg
JPEG11.2 d9a245d9d380b9e84fe1364871537b26 57067
00011.QC.jpg
befdd6e0b271dc9e2118a91e8edff6aa 212122
00012.jpg
JPEG12.2 e5aee671d83ac146607127498b51cfd1 57154
00012.QC.jpg
4216d3ab080c0178ee685b674a9d6c26 212973
00013.jpg
JPEG13.2 689acecf685162a4e01f90222bc96f1c 57649
00013.QC.jpg
3ff0e5d78779653f7324277d9ce0012a 208687
00014.jpg
JPEG14.2 0ff134041c79d90d974c5056067b6b54 55940
00014.QC.jpg
a00ebfb37e271fced66e9df0d649570c 215901
00015.jpg
JPEG15.2 4cd7a891d3881c4a7784f29c75b9c832 57459
00015.QC.jpg
da6f12faef1ade067ba5a97d11de1220 127696
00016.jpg
JPEG16.2 545477966a8bd7e8e8a1f4f96e9a69e8 30207
00016.QC.jpg
67933d71177d0241bb2f268ece9bbd1f 205934
00017.jpg
JPEG17.2 0ce111a9ad715c99712a7ebebf8d7666 54739
00017.QC.jpg
513c133c7d064d55b1d5c51dffad5d50 110784
00018.jpg
JPEG18.2 bda61d5444d2e05f34d8e4f775d9be97 25602
00018.QC.jpg
5421499de3481aea37843ded99966ebc 171924
00019.jpg
JPEG19.2 90cefc42d33b1bac7a3c030e1a10e8fc 44265
00019.QC.jpg
f4c6d2a89d12445c4df9a554d03082ec 216366
00020.jpg
JPEG20.2 3eae703aa56e5b68882ed4444b9bd8c3 57306
00020.QC.jpg
7007af6bdc557aa458f1148e0272421a 149744
00021.jpg
JPEG21.2 1e77a71473521db0dc078abdf8352356 35464
00021.QC.jpg
7e7e129f0ff5ff0cfa3f3c71b63c5547 200835
00022.jpg
JPEG22.2 92a8603d937874c5f70400685f5ecf5a 53584
00022.QC.jpg
fac29ef4dd4201b533ff48d559384a77 174840
00023.jpg
JPEG23.2 9fcb0313f4f1a894035fd6734f83c8ba 44963
00023.QC.jpg
201bdb39507756de2fb5b3e6e8a1c9d4 219048
00024.jpg
JPEG24.2 8049de9d82eca1141fbdce5fea1d08a0 58308
00024.QC.jpg
76ecde97a49158483704be4e2da7ca64 248431
00025.jpg
JPEG25.2 4d6529490e827e94cdc85d2e1944be13 67254
00025.QC.jpg
878943a4b83bd044ebb1c6a4eaf9edff 259994
00026.jpg
JPEG26.2 964bd19d2305e50fc29ab815c7ccc71f 69970
00026.QC.jpg
24c35ea79097d69102b64258f22821f3 255889
00027.jpg
JPEG27.2 4b5da379cdba2ee1e2ec9a96e6c7d479 68490
00027.QC.jpg
38024cbf08ca2e167988318b6d5c24c6 224013
00028.jpg
JPEG28.2 4a79b5bb999cd107feb158238d087566 59013
00028.QC.jpg
f355cf4d3a206f332d4dd492189eaf07 212401
00029.jpg
JPEG29.2 755332595d9edae55b701fab1c1b0c93 55969
00029.QC.jpg
252ade00dced4d26d85af46ed4e37156 261727
00030.jpg
JPEG30.2 488ad0e5dcf90e20f099b5cabd63737a 69775
00030.QC.jpg
4b81681ee109236da3ee6867d0b0406f 106350
00031.jpg
JPEG31.2 2c84670b56e842ec5946c9458287a8ea 23112
00031.QC.jpg
e14ab108dd275abef156991f2ad5a7ca 217910
00032.jpg
JPEG32.2 f8a072fb63e30c47ac52d1682d9209f5 57878
00032.QC.jpg
7e6fbd8f3f87b0639f5a94fbd479ec54 254109
00033.jpg
JPEG33.2 5d7bd8c6969883b8565d72f0ea581f06 66961
00033.QC.jpg
463bd8bb59fce4f1bb232410c9ffd3ec 233723
00034.jpg
JPEG34.2 7f358a22689ff2e3d988d52aeeae389f 60247
00034.QC.jpg
c6df3d9cd883a1a783219000ddfa7895 236846
00035.jpg
JPEG35.2 338b72e49328a4f9fe945edd09208ac7 60907
00035.QC.jpg
89c56ad954ddfd7a2b6aedc454d3a752 245283
00036.jpg
JPEG36.2 7a00e5c0d8180c32fdff16c63cea45bc 64892
00036.QC.jpg
3c7eb4457a740da18c00e27ff0319bb2 137590
00037.jpg
JPEG37.2 fe635265df3ae5c353e2c755aa5b6ebe 31704
00037.QC.jpg
df847422de1a7373fb79a6a029832cd5 230765
00038.jpg
JPEG38.2 d717896b13ac3d52483442c6b0704bf6 59516
00038.QC.jpg
049f52c0ef085f43a9d063ea34b9f250 273065
00039.jpg
JPEG39.2 290443aef9f332518e3fd49f853b03e4 71392
00039.QC.jpg
f59b7eb4c90b2b914d0c56037300d7b5 252523
00040.jpg
JPEG40.2 f6f25fe6ee13afc049328810836c204b 66096
00040.QC.jpg
507a65eacdad08176f6d39ca6646bad9 261041
00041.jpg
JPEG41.2 b60c7b4b693d160e5b361a2f4506fcb1 69428
00041.QC.jpg
9d749d4d5fb1a5bc2e7c0b0de7b9d9a0 261720
00042.jpg
JPEG42.2 0b362a13d2df1a1789084860755db9f6 67126
00042.QC.jpg
f2ba80f86134579509d05730705f8e57 265927
00043.jpg
JPEG43.2 da9dfdeca95e1c07247b1c9d3868a734 69620
00043.QC.jpg
0c56c9e0654ca2613774d3594dd9f575 258344
00044.jpg
JPEG44.2 a3e5e3f8ae11404f420207335a64f43a 68525
00044.QC.jpg
0098d9e7245115aab910af3923cac931 128466
00045.jpg
JPEG45.2 4b5f9e330a0f177a925cbf600f7b5ab0 28475
00045.QC.jpg
b3c5999bfb6a565485cabfecaa43e0ce 227012
00046.jpg
JPEG46.2 a3ee421c783200403e389792b7adfcdb 58428
00046.QC.jpg
f009a343a7ebfb17e03906882b5855e9 267608
00047.jpg
JPEG47.2 8da50ab9c8c45037da96b456e71de99c 69607
00047.QC.jpg
6f4c72e34137a6ba65b3f0b7170c6734 254720
00048.jpg
JPEG48.2 2c8569bf71124a1cd8f3f0aa9e420eed 66908
00048.QC.jpg
9b4fb7baf0f59b673b10ca32b3e16382 244139
00049.jpg
JPEG49.2 3e0cd83547971252c6db2e863d9b6671 63786
00049.QC.jpg
df0b5b2107a6fe4ce4fab484fb2da488 252298
00050.jpg
JPEG50.2 2daeb89cd5c4af219f506e05fee96cb0 64953
00050.QC.jpg
f01cc4f611dd54e756b6f6343c821f96 146464
00051.jpg
JPEG51.2 dfd9acd45afa1877c920d4d76ae24370 32635
00051.QC.jpg
72d8be4dbde0f8ae18c904e1c69e96df 224052
00052.jpg
JPEG52.2 de17c44beefd980d090573e6ceca1080 57834
00052.QC.jpg
c351f9955e3225aea8d8b1c12c182b94 256142
00053.jpg
JPEG53.2 ba0f173ac519474aa27d16269e05a807 66957
00053.QC.jpg
175477f122ab96ee1519f84c5eda73de 261810
00054.jpg
JPEG54.2 9dcbcc589b8fcce3ccd2ab1c9f1e24f1 68315
00054.QC.jpg
a8aa73f907f209c7e2cc4065f74a8190 260515
00055.jpg
JPEG55.2 444668fc557dda7c5aaaef4b4ec0e76c 68062
00055.QC.jpg
58a421350e110a6cf7fae650f80a54f7 245886
00056.jpg
JPEG56.2 84c63c1e48754c085324bf5bfce6ad42
00056.QC.jpg
aa9fae06e54e8c355d514e8c4a53bb07 252258
00057.jpg
JPEG57.2 145d772cf2e91f864927c9de5d76e707 66383
00057.QC.jpg
30f5ce3a940b2c2fe0984c98e77fd4e1 148470
00058.jpg
JPEG58.2 9603acfab5da14db296109fa4c48ae71 32593
00058.QC.jpg
7372e7163dd09dbdd891771b03d426b6 214769
00059.jpg
JPEG59.2 b86cd040698ce4e7cef3754942258909 54770
00059.QC.jpg
07f4b0db3435915a539ce0c5d1fc85e4 245858
00060.jpg
JPEG60.2 345a39536b3dea3348437c48d6a84a7b 64933
00060.QC.jpg
2e75b6aaa6c01abf233aa290c5134bcb 253186
00061.jpg
JPEG61.2 c71727403915197a7ffa240b5a2276f2 66354
00061.QC.jpg
85b8915648f2bb9e010219ff6f857412 253270
00062.jpg
JPEG62.2 f8c6f60a6466cd433ced2cb3af3c2376 66834
00062.QC.jpg
2743c5927d076a73fd15fb7b34b4346a 256865
00063.jpg
JPEG63.2 33b3ee884143f57a30866ffc7122c65a 67335
00063.QC.jpg
2cbfda0d6b9d2947b4cfb6cade22f0c1 242344
00064.jpg
JPEG64.2 e5dcfe5b688a3e26d49b84619ba5cbf6 64170
00064.QC.jpg
28ea3cd57b798b1be31e7e59250a0310 242303
00065.jpg
JPEG65.2 3e5a5a67d5bbb1e1c2240120f62b294b 61392
00065.QC.jpg
c23cae95e8b9c640f280fedeff91ff6a 222856
00066.jpg
JPEG66.2 54857c97180c3ad58c07155a74f3df2a 58418
00066.QC.jpg
5cc653936be8b01f44a7cd9b83c6ee84 109415
00067.jpg
JPEG67.2 4d3ac10bbf1f2ccea83d1955190b3812 22525
00067.QC.jpg
adb1d9fa3d3c1b354ad26a7bbaca7e9f 228033
00068.jpg
JPEG68.2 1b0bd1cc898f47e34dccdcee65ef0e00 57891
00068.QC.jpg
62284044885939a8de22035dac0ab8dd 261614
00069.jpg
JPEG69.2 53011939d83a42887261e286859cc978 68098
00069.QC.jpg
46a6eb1903ae07b4967a3ecc6d3268ec 253398
00070.jpg
JPEG70.2 cc1e29cd3fddc7f5a93e4559709a1c7a 67289
00070.QC.jpg
8d13cf1616b85ba1f37570700abc54b4 258624
00071.jpg
JPEG71.2 58224435ebbf480f689e8f6e98b2dedc 68644
00071.QC.jpg
61f7a520289ca621ec8ced835639381b 242872
00072.jpg
JPEG72.2 978d5d25deca7bec0f584dc6c77b2330 63077
00072.QC.jpg
95703508e47c56e0caf5e824a9801ea3 256875
00073.jpg
JPEG73.2 bf5e06d85ad91974968c86634d3be1de 65933
00073.QC.jpg
f114b3ce57f03de64daa8e17421fd639 223441
00074.jpg
JPEG74.2 726701086f02799e71e1f27c1b75bb14 57052
00074.QC.jpg
4bba964ffbd23f2466a0aa59cfd13365 218081
00075.jpg
JPEG75.2 8c227085edfd5156611fc035f2a38552 56383
00075.QC.jpg
5d8231808bca3ad40b3aad870220e49d 250482
00076.jpg
JPEG76.2 982bfc0d35654773eac14a578cf84f71 64690
00076.QC.jpg
16fc4f14ef33898fede0576621eeeb76 244862
00077.jpg
JPEG77.2 ea087720163d46a4f16fb650c9b22a41 63076
00077.QC.jpg
b9d2c83f25545fea8ec5fee99e2c9464 228362
00078.jpg
JPEG78.2 7956ca04bec18b823a5f2ede9f5eb0a7 59409
00078.QC.jpg
5dbfba7495f9e4851dff999ed92b9d18 258833
00079.jpg
JPEG79.2 85bfa4c99b7e01ba37c723b297c92b38 68055
00079.QC.jpg
f7637b84a47a16215ad1d278ec7bfd92 258950
00080.jpg
JPEG80.2 5688bcf8b7c60fc930a34636ed57fd52 65024
00080.QC.jpg
cec0ff0b83cc4356de61a1911e6b9874 272270
00081.jpg
JPEG81.2 490280dadb81329b3fefd694538b62f8 69771
00081.QC.jpg
3be1739c5cb98a1013226dae27c217b3 249748
00082.jpg
JPEG82.2 91914c9282990c8d40bb1f08d4661b48 65576
00082.QC.jpg
5165f47b0321e9f4033bec5c34d907af 236341
00083.jpg
JPEG83.2 8492b8e2df3a897c104b65ce068c718e 60938
00083.QC.jpg
be8cf5e745f5cc5bec97cafdba89a626 228414
00084.jpg
JPEG84.2 657a766af539ae3db1fc7eda5e27c201 56997
00084.QC.jpg
b1dce722e080bf68bdeabe7c12199f54 224321
00085.jpg
JPEG85.2 0b5bad7a5c2dee8ccacbd86766cf3ced 57473
00085.QC.jpg
3109157551501c2fff9fe7611f01ac12 158210
00086.jpg
JPEG86.2 82223027e170ee18d2dceadb2a6451f6 39833
00086.QC.jpg
a1fb8a604a4617ca164898de7b32f95e 224515
00087.jpg
JPEG87.2 81c5cc78832b5b64c3d9c04893134a2f 60093
00087.QC.jpg
a0a953742c55f68d3cc9f13c34095291 225276
00088.jpg
JPEG88.2 ac0bfabb7355ef969f49d7cf0e13f37c 57227
00088.QC.jpg
3738c6005cea409c8f4e10cb5b449449 253887
00089.jpg
JPEG89.2 0239e1728442f56d31046a837b86ce7c 64588
00089.QC.jpg
12f3740b247492b7b5c103678ca81e3a 162995
00090.jpg
JPEG90.2 2ae1ddd3e49519fb7151b4cd27f69e77 39794
00090.QC.jpg
956132515b944f3f8ac8bb76f1933acb 198458
00091.jpg
JPEG91.2 3d0c87370ba7e391c91f120d2816f487 51326
00091.QC.jpg
db79cb5bbf3dc05d1bf4b392823b634a 211513
00092.jpg
JPEG92.2 9cddeefc9f6ab5e3063e241ce7b866c0 53462
00092.QC.jpg
a4d13d10dc32fa59b6c6494bab40c6a3 200579
00093.jpg
JPEG93.2 ae5e6c21a1724c64e5c8eb768204e80d 49488
00093.QC.jpg
0a60cc10b8c7c520fc3cd9b6fef8e9e6 214365
00094.jpg
JPEG94.2 b6b2e0e587724bde2efcf3ae61ca6857 55119
00094.QC.jpg
3dacb39bac968544092998ac2511b49b 227474
00095.jpg
JPEG95.2 61c473f759f4df780ab85a51124d00d2 59624
00095.QC.jpg
89e745197ddd6bc1c745bd7ee938cb0e 264646
00096.jpg
JPEG96.2 5cd29296c036693241662fde012236d0 68106
00096.QC.jpg
f7fa7294612cbcedc92c5ee563fc9d48 241659
00097.jpg
JPEG97.2 b80898048e64cfde58d9f3c226d75a44 60679
00097.QC.jpg
eba0c139768ea712bf09cc546f4b3ac0 262371
00098.jpg
JPEG98.2 94a0c2191d50edeaa5d4882535694b68 68634
00098.QC.jpg
6455ec084b5d439d3970f6f4a1d92614 263181
00099.jpg
JPEG99.2 49592fc9c29b6533324bcafee19ebb1d 68389
00099.QC.jpg
6f246830120e7924129be55a09864d51 249449
00100.jpg
JPEG100.2 c595d8f9dc917e5f13a7e3f6720154e2 62763
00100.QC.jpg
7829b479e2924f50984c94ee1f8c963c 231987
00101.jpg
JPEG101.2 d3699923eb75fab4ce1957c2bab06dd5 59764
00101.QC.jpg
80d44180c1a6ad71c9c07783c8e0ec9a 256895
00102.jpg
JPEG102.2 7dc8cb216668a58cfc0d6533c74bd867 67587
00102.QC.jpg
7fde3c6d05327919e1fa9e0a24f76c12 186107
00103.jpg
JPEG103.2 03b87aca85d21b0c0085260c50e0e495 45167
00103.QC.jpg
178b7fbc72430a6cebdbebdc3f55fac5 223050
00104.jpg
JPEG104.2 5b53e6f7c61c09e6936d800b6c839d0f 57264
00104.QC.jpg
ca9ca26dce4a2fff0de128953186c5a6 260742
00105.jpg
JPEG105.2 720af3adbe89039a2e9659757db9738c 66479
00105.QC.jpg
9019a5d2cde5ad3bbbfcebfbd3cd87e1 211672
00106.jpg
JPEG106.2 e587680e21b944e64767f96e18ec25f1 52099
00106.QC.jpg
4f5fd5256f7afcae1eaf52089e25ce13 230626
00107.jpg
JPEG107.2 083f6e67eb5ddb636e27e3893879dbe2 59657
00107.QC.jpg
1fc167b7ad1c15f8ceb108f05c28246b 175329
00108.jpg
JPEG108.2 e0370f99945f49d5dd52b6a170ea2f25 40289
00108.QC.jpg
723861183304e9bc8785ade363f3c94b 219964
00109.jpg
JPEG109.2 ffb7bc0a11f8ee6d6b57b46b810f27fc 54939
00109.QC.jpg
5e213df0d3e0fe67d54dc067c6bf1a78 247499
00110.jpg
JPEG110.2 ef7e0a22a38f1b9566d2fc0a4adfe0e9
00110.QC.jpg
37603d1d8cd0c4d49da66eef22a84099 246208
00111.jpg
JPEG111.2 a4aec96df004b976789905dc24e7343e 63635
00111.QC.jpg
be36e22ebcc91ce36ce3e72c723c3f2b 267910
00112.jpg
JPEG112.2 b21dcb4b29397d8757ed23be43c42702 68301
00112.QC.jpg
27a39594a0359d3df415ff32eca30574 235758
00113.jpg
JPEG113.2 604d6b33bd31d7c04537485f8302ca21 58265
00113.QC.jpg
9b7049659778d2aade620d5ca7e7dda8 262870
00114.jpg
JPEG114.2 78e2b3d4454b69674175f3fd526b108c 68381
00114.QC.jpg
c5fa4e5f6a3a557d9f0b560ee55b40bc 247276
00115.jpg
JPEG115.2 42056f23e4b141b3880d6f8a15cdc4b0 65280
00115.QC.jpg
cc6fb6ddf79469edf096adacada92374 253711
00116.jpg
JPEG116.2 5da0e4c68a761993b12986e6c05355b9 65352
00116.QC.jpg
d38a42dadcfb593a7bdd6b0019c1d228 196881
00117.jpg
JPEG117.2 a1e620927efdb016566bc5f9549a01af 47154
00117.QC.jpg
50068711c9f3ea9d01080456f29580ff 222379
00118.jpg
JPEG118.2 e476882a38845a28002aa1b589b9af6e 58115
00118.QC.jpg
2b9acda63eb49bb8351a3b95da9b73a3 266423
00119.jpg
JPEG119.2 04a8bba81b432698e1585c0e94afd19b 69059
00119.QC.jpg
eca36cf6eb97e0d9ae51ad342fc46eed 254211
00120.jpg
JPEG120.2 53d9bb74a065ed35d475d9f201ff608d 64182
00120.QC.jpg
e8d3fe8d51f9f6f58f5993853aa1b1d5 254531
00121.jpg
JPEG121.2 60672ca6680d2ac2cea64389cbb28f0a 66478
00121.QC.jpg
f2c12bc43dcb1bd96fe981f46972c798 112506
00122.jpg
JPEG122.2 c6c209019093be78c8f375cd43742b48 22556
00122.QC.jpg
6d410ddd7967f5c052084ea6e7e1e98b 240670
00123.jpg
JPEG123.2 1802fce85738c35b8417d9e81d1132c8 62621
00123.QC.jpg
8095672380ff07337e928642a4ec58e9 258943
00124.jpg
JPEG124.2 b68b2b00770d75ae14eb753195098cde 66976
00124.QC.jpg
3e536bb37e7679a514a067b90fb5f724 266249
00125.jpg
JPEG125.2 3c3e7b79500a2440401897378434db55 68725
00125.QC.jpg
62ef6c83b640d6301aafc58efadbf5b4 242809
00126.jpg
JPEG126.2 dda94628e533735b9c73e743bb29a51e 63690
00126.QC.jpg
4684662c75421c02f1752142512e73ca 263172
00127.jpg
JPEG127.2 3908121d08fb5dec33f513eab5f269e3 68834
00127.QC.jpg
1f6e94d14f7d6e40134134bf8baac2dc 266987
00128.jpg
JPEG128.2 4778fdc41f3480442eaf4f15f7e0fa46 68322
00128.QC.jpg
90ca0d0306c9794409023c4960b37b2d 139108
00129.jpg
JPEG129.2 0336ff1e2a94f6db1029e9ba1d46cf73 31176
00129.QC.jpg
810a94995b6d0491f6efd394638d1fba 212860
00130.jpg
JPEG130.2 feddf87cadfec811c64e6ce8107085a4 55949
00130.QC.jpg
1fdc9b049b95b1c408c72f82d22a0c2d 252807
00131.jpg
JPEG131.2 1b32c59ff09f565f9b96522df90aff97 67026
00131.QC.jpg
de3371daaf954d793bbf28b32fba3a50 246501
00132.jpg
JPEG132.2 173067e94ce2f966d8369e87796efdc7 64584
00132.QC.jpg
5f14145b7d4c2be5c79061095edf698c 245900
00133.jpg
JPEG133.2 96eaa8852d4791e1b5b79abe076fe73d 64994
00133.QC.jpg
9cf5ae5c0c73e65746873dca5904d113 247741
00134.jpg
JPEG134.2 ce4dfe46246189f0221ade409a439518 66390
00134.QC.jpg
da467bcf545cd69efaeca05442f5eb0a 190965
00135.jpg
JPEG135.2 5e9cc385a1ecea9814588dbf5539d1dd 47660
00135.QC.jpg
b828f89406c881dd4ded6ecc1ec13cab 211666
00136.jpg
JPEG136.2 76c49334b76f541c3cc4d1d7ecbe63dc 54073
00136.QC.jpg
e8e77022f85d43e46c70d89026604718 234316
00137.jpg
JPEG137.2 66c9a06712404bad6fad24acfaa3ec88 60503
00137.QC.jpg
2d1be980eb1ad63fa6f5fa39987fb842 228553
00138.jpg
JPEG138.2 2fcd7745635abda0039d6af7a778b13c 60535
00138.QC.jpg
87c3a2f2f181bcf2695a946b228f2c3e
00139.jpg
JPEG139.2 7371099b643c976001f57132efe8f804 64997
00139.QC.jpg
7e3539f177e66db811085747c7f140bb 251579
00140.jpg
JPEG140.2 c7b539114e036e8a30e5f5ef7f59fd99 66239
00140.QC.jpg
d770867542d3ce26dcbb0a67818df4a9 228462
00141.jpg
JPEG141.2 a15b724a69f2d3c6fd488179628f0a51 59517
00141.QC.jpg
3b9df086129c5daf3cc3380829c93e4c 211280
00142.jpg
JPEG142.2 42908b3c70d80a4b31bc476aab7d019b 56649
00142.QC.jpg
26d3b9263ed60e91a70cd7f339a2b410 215433
00143.jpg
JPEG143.2 b19a86793f378790b75ca637f68d9f93 56585
00143.QC.jpg
ceb4429f0ce58e09ecdd22af82a0fb56 211786
00144.jpg
JPEG144.2 2faf80d7b7f03bfeaa03a6984c2b8224 54459
00144.QC.jpg
e4c118475f208d8a53358439de50516a 243786
00145.jpg
JPEG145.2 042230d8e48556fad29f91a053413397 64190
00145.QC.jpg
58b0e798856477ec8860b69142bb9d20 237486
00146.jpg
JPEG146.2 b550d0757a240405e5037f722c12b027 63491
00146.QC.jpg
1f290b00ec7a5e2cec7dd5b9df3819cd 235561
00147.jpg
JPEG147.2 c39581350116edc6b80a4927b0b9af8b 62018
00147.QC.jpg
9c5169d5eac3de2d3b569974badb5298 199100
00148.jpg
JPEG148.2 c0a780b3d1ab4d259825033499686d2f 51108
00148.QC.jpg
422177a08794078371c0bcaf9750b5d2 218137
00149.jpg
JPEG149.2 80d99e4c5f3bed4cb3f54519f7f58c9e 56692
00149.QC.jpg
2c64af48d587b95e24d6d756e6ba2f2d 229315
00150.jpg
JPEG150.2 7209e9f5aa1ee7e5dffa90d83e6c52d2 59808
00150.QC.jpg
fb1ef1e183a3d8d7c269f6801d90280d 229733
00151.jpg
JPEG151.2 10fda599d88be09c1336a31f75d051bd 59886
00151.QC.jpg
c31b009a023872b2fdc69e4b9d4e39eb 222106
00152.jpg
JPEG152.2 131373f70e76fc0fd1ed335241ab36ca 58514
00152.QC.jpg
c8757bae00d5de07e1f1de76801e08af 183791
00153.jpg
JPEG153.2 829e73129c9e254a1b99a292a39c8319 47007
00153.QC.jpg
47bedd9e38a2ad9f8f9d64a78159ec26 216120
00154.jpg
JPEG154.2 91f8cfbefb5897b6924250f9cb804db2 58823
00154.QC.jpg
61329e6bbcdf1f8b1399d0473237f38c 121453
00155.jpg
JPEG155.2 c90eb8d394f472b2154c78ce70a47d39 27000
00155.QC.jpg
a6b582b84d1e8e49d84b4f2826e67363 205963
00156.jpg
JPEG156.2 4c3a26c05e039cf173db6c7de3ef372c 53299
00156.QC.jpg
323c13db76a6700d2d3ae53c8593e5ee 253180
00157.jpg
JPEG157.2 ae6b2044d95b6aaa1f69f1376f7d4709 65661
00157.QC.jpg
f5c547731bc856ed759ca3673b33db0c 135491
00158.jpg
JPEG158.2 e57a0bac4209ed68ef0e17fbd5483a0e 31952
00158.QC.jpg
3873c5c9edc73ac6c7b1b41d2db0cb2e 201570
00159.jpg
JPEG159.2 f2b6af217b90ded72dc848e09e9c4b70 52349
00159.QC.jpg
b7901bd588557116dcf88762957d12de 185965
00160.jpg
JPEG160.2 37dab5b6cd68f621ac6864706e230d87 47823
00160.QC.jpg
8856d1d5c2a528145a82be7bb640b978 200020
00161.jpg
JPEG161.2 0133bb90da6f22eed31fb93c23d15ce8 49304
00161.QC.jpg
7db52d19121a34e2e0e4ecc81e4f5f9a 225549
00162.jpg
JPEG162.2 2721e0cce860d758bb98867dc8f6a800 59684
00162.QC.jpg
8d6dbfcbf417ce53149aa7016ae40868 249018
00163.jpg
JPEG163.2 13e3495f021b2ad80bea22c0e955b4dd 65870
00163.QC.jpg
e38d9f795abfbe6e53e321f6ec387d90 135132
00164.jpg
JPEG164.2 988b14ccbb9ee83391ca305a6e6c83f5 30009
00164.QC.jpg
b8039e0f4c99792a8d0e0132fa695f53 226753
00165.jpg
JPEG165.2 256b92cb1099a1b7edfbd476fad218ec 57879
00165.QC.jpg
245c0d0d85d80acdc60357a2b6faf4c4 240663
00166.jpg
JPEG166.2 fac514319b106b3bdabe823a853fc1a7 64632
00166.QC.jpg
57a3b492bf0a5a36e211ba9647144c26 132894
00167.jpg
JPEG167.2 88e86c765dd376a696672ba8dc0fb28f 29707
00167.QC.jpg
d3fab5ae2e0e65e88c6cbe22af0fee15 153165
00168.jpg
JPEG168.2 bed5fecc83416f25ff0367e5239ff488 39640
00168.QC.jpg
a691f45a6f36a97dfee0aafb2ea4f0d3 170122
00169.jpg
JPEG169.2 9f928e792a6501f51edb22dc197f651a 46390
00169.QC.jpg
c2505bb5ada9d14f2a3a3954c455dcb9 128065
00170.jpg
JPEG170.2 6b03f1d9b23f16218a3a9882104adcc3 33048
00170.QC.jpg
c24d357881ba811bbbad1438390237b4 179601
00171.jpg
JPEG171.2 ab66227d684d8bc2315723991bb761d8 47633
00171.QC.jpg
cfedf80a3735af4c9e7a6acd68961809 149849
00172.jpg
JPEG172.2 b16c81df839adb77be5971e895ba9ece 36784
00172.QC.jpg
32a235f8692da8b70d592a9eed18f1a5 244962
00173.jpg
JPEG173.2 8f23785416264c4938bda1f8009bcd08 62874
00173.QC.jpg
bd7f252435f229b1dd5fa1015a19c25b 230389
00174.jpg
JPEG174.2 790a710c6dbb975ce2573d3536c067e8 60343
00174.QC.jpg
f322d486b8bd5e9be1340da72c84d4c8 133745
00175.jpg
JPEG175.2 9dde1c81acaa34db41093a65ffb351af 31829
00175.QC.jpg
82994951d3894c103c55a07da2598d73 175934
00176.jpg
JPEG176.2 958913f69c5d158f6c3bc4783b306cf2 44588
00176.QC.jpg
71a13fefaca7e4bf4289a45d86d147ec 141591
00177.jpg
JPEG177.2 f5e978b9e08e9791736c665cf26dbc8a 33491
00177.QC.jpg
d71c1f244b173793264d9d757aaef463 197817
00178.jpg
JPEG178.2 751a8cca4200eb5737b69474f576eaf9 53555
00178.QC.jpg
130ca29e30041c0496af8999ee71104a 201513
00179.jpg
JPEG179.2 23502fd163fe820d7602d082c8d466e1 51951
00179.QC.jpg
b9a533766035d7a08fea5472f275aac1 220088
00180.jpg
JPEG180.2 0295f255a7e2a5c70871952440e7f583 56451
00180.QC.jpg
ae358d4723b201eff0abedb51bb7e964 225392
00181.jpg
JPEG181.2 182bcedf8d36e05b9b9162415eea87cc 57111
00181.QC.jpg
eb9fc6e1248c5e430ad2923aaf0e994e 203206
00182.jpg
JPEG182.2 962dcea8decc53a59231c69be0777084 54112
00182.QC.jpg
57792afc97fc7f0e900680a9ab4be55e 213436
00183.jpg
JPEG183.2 df9f76efc8340d03a69d3b84b7cda81b 56070
00183.QC.jpg
8d0e05d58d36561e4981a6294f548e05 194547
00184.jpg
JPEG184.2 86edc14903c5d616fadefec685ad293a 49856
00184.QC.jpg
ffe0302ad98dccf9f751e21413c6a286 199437
00185.jpg
JPEG185.2 43c6d7c959bf5ea7e376b6ec93a2c010 50336
00185.QC.jpg
608811dc12b5e564a24b52b64303ca08 190008
00186.jpg
JPEG186.2 102fced8f23ffc9f3caeb6c214718a9d 49930
00186.QC.jpg
c1e3e4b89ab7a320716196cbee151f12 194305
00187.jpg
JPEG187.2 836d50a42eb5dad8dafad4e68d97b901 50637
00187.QC.jpg
ff8958897a2bad74f911eef18a504f34 194588
00188.jpg
JPEG188.2 308938845129c86faeecd1bb7a986c73 50885
00188.QC.jpg
91abaeda736153e01525d9e5b8c68770 193740
00189.jpg
JPEG189.2 6fb57b1f19414f5639ca5ad20a73b5f8 48917
00189.QC.jpg
7ff2635cad7251409499f49e08766226 194970
00190.jpg
JPEG190.2 4c95bd586a564958161b6820edc7cedb 51965
00190.QC.jpg
b5dc83dc6486ef5c24968c0a62633ee7 190217
00191.jpg
JPEG191.2 38811c9a9d1434e525083b2b814ee660 48710
00191.QC.jpg
1fcb87885d3def48d19ee901c1a194d3 188537
00192.jpg
JPEG192.2 6181951f5ca7bc2148bb05790ce4701d 48614
00192.QC.jpg
THUMB1 imagejpeg-thumbnails 14142f77116e199622e04aacbc3568c3 8051
00001thm.jpg
THUMB2 ac23b1dc326edf5ad61c5ed6acd25c96 4108
00002thm.jpg
THUMB3 09962d6a80e188fb7f4dedd677a9c5ff 11769
00003thm.jpg
THUMB4 5a96648a33b4341da421b7820125cc67 4200
00004thm.jpg
THUMB5 3ccaa0ee7dfecff95508d1a5399f87e1 12848
00005thm.jpg
THUMB6 1731902028a535f5a59e925e2c36afe8 7466
00006thm.jpg
THUMB7 0856d5fc980928b6879fc2450b86d034 11982
00007thm.jpg
THUMB8 dc6b8a4923155c7289a11161fdd8406b 13965
00008thm.jpg
THUMB9 b3e9d8a9f812acdb016d47aa59874bd1 13984
00009thm.jpg
THUMB10 01a81bf765dfd5d8bd9c6e9571605551 14216
00010thm.jpg
THUMB11 269719f58c81a4b9fb2db21e812a647d 14537
00011thm.jpg
THUMB12 6edee7688b5dcfb4fd5b305e4fdcc5f8 14362
00012thm.jpg
THUMB13 255824ea8197dc0b39632757ea1d6969 14390
00013thm.jpg
THUMB14 876badb2a350bdb5c6264639ba3943a9 14047
00014thm.jpg
THUMB15 a5c5e1826b0cce0f8e118e7dc7ec467e 14727
00015thm.jpg
THUMB16 fe9db0a118ac166ca89c9d838e18b208 7827
00016thm.jpg
THUMB17 6ff3dc8cc0d4fa7259131d21d9f8e9d8 13786
00017thm.jpg
THUMB18 749a48229d1bd87dcba6e319d43ad0af 6802
00018thm.jpg
THUMB19 05dae68f6d629cf267bfd9a5ec04eafe 11309
00019thm.jpg
THUMB20 90edaba6eeb0b8377ec3602598b10424 13744
00020thm.jpg
THUMB21 8165f07e76da2636dc2ae49787cae7b8 8543
00021thm.jpg
THUMB22 eec8935034a19f69cd98759380b4cd20 13717
00022thm.jpg
THUMB23 c02fad75445cf20fb6c7dc2af3025e8a 11662
00023thm.jpg
THUMB24 7cb69b6e935105ee8872c140f7525e2a 14081
00024thm.jpg
THUMB25 c8141e9f46be16fb73ebd41da7362e84 15949
00025thm.jpg
THUMB26 9f267da14e39f5b7d354c662f6931632 16229
00026thm.jpg
THUMB27 656a0fe91314dcfdfa04a0162a0cb934 16058
00027thm.jpg
THUMB28 46d934e014d7358636c2d678964c8048 13945
00028thm.jpg
THUMB29 85890b430555e70ac6e0633ac8d0daac 13923
00029thm.jpg
THUMB30 7d24204833347514aa2e5d405d8fe250 16235
00030thm.jpg
THUMB31 a31388f61a69ed79af54bbde8729d1d0 5883
00031thm.jpg
THUMB32 4078a7374280afc7a1577c9bc8d2f895 13726
00032thm.jpg
THUMB33 a89d3d7d056140eca55da4d5466532fe 15486
00033thm.jpg
THUMB34 4c359102e78ffab401231546834df5c0 14770
00034thm.jpg
THUMB35 74169d5c6826d77f5f1be306ce99e3ca 14720
00035thm.jpg
THUMB36 9a0c661271261b87cc8234e08198f691 15317
00036thm.jpg
THUMB37 93fbdc2a8cf822be2dfcfc8f382a4d9b 7688
00037thm.jpg
THUMB38 c38147fce7939c7fd4a0f82c3b185c58 14307
00038thm.jpg
THUMB39 8f312257d6370c33fba5598dd009f2c2 16241
00039thm.jpg
THUMB40 e331b8b84794da3097bb23d1659948bc 15412
00040thm.jpg
THUMB41 96f7274a022e696b1fdb1826058abba1 15863
00041thm.jpg
THUMB42 93efaca5715f3cb91735a90574fb23c7 15711
00042thm.jpg
THUMB43 092d0f180c3197b174e48ad420b21c0f 16010
00043thm.jpg
THUMB44 47bdfb3cba3d3c31931d2e9ac4306f41 16018
00044thm.jpg
THUMB45 f266992c0598802f52bc536d8d14e6e1 7092
00045thm.jpg
THUMB46 d35942dc78d4a6d2fd55268013d3a0a1 13711
00046thm.jpg
THUMB47 958837fe65f3865c5c6024da3692fc61 15849
00047thm.jpg
THUMB48 8bbb3cc749d92d980c10e500b59be1af 15252
00048thm.jpg
THUMB49 9aa5abea1cd96934301c26a4e5483183 14929
00049thm.jpg
THUMB50 b193aca7e47fc64a0bb6783eaddc34e6 15437
00050thm.jpg
THUMB51 8219e9da8e70f2d82b7693638ffa2bb7 7863
00051thm.jpg
THUMB52 6057407207e09ecad921d28aae5d67cc 13736
00052thm.jpg
THUMB53 d26edfa4d15124cae5203f15bf4e7028 15553
00053thm.jpg
THUMB54 1894595060fe70ca49620361950e1cfb 15569
00054thm.jpg
THUMB55 963870eb58f2a4b525430a7fba9866fc 15980
00055thm.jpg
THUMB56 5fce5eb580a20cf205706cbec5d48af2
00056thm.jpg
THUMB57 17b0828832d3159c69d923f6a805fab0 15355
00057thm.jpg
THUMB58 3027ac029f034e8785e7b0fac6452f9a 7720
00058thm.jpg
THUMB59 79e3733e3e3041f56a2d160189083984 13673
00059thm.jpg
THUMB60 57a210874dd1ffdf4cfa1b21f461907e 15126
00060thm.jpg
THUMB61 e16e94fa75a39640e75d07c513536def 15294
00061thm.jpg
THUMB62 478ff3a9bebeca9814db7ef08cfbf64c 15776
00062thm.jpg
THUMB63 dcd2f4d53d040100a8cb09205457a1fd 15662
00063thm.jpg
THUMB64 0063a42601c9e4a49f1e2a7c82eda30c 15082
00064thm.jpg
THUMB65 e92cfffe0f5b044460fdbddd109826da 14638
00065thm.jpg
THUMB66 1f78ffe628a69881af9b7913cbfae349 14417
00066thm.jpg
THUMB67 fc441cc6f74a1e194c04d8b800b552aa 5674
00067thm.jpg
THUMB68 27cc9274a79f94f2e891a1f079d68188 13545
00068thm.jpg
THUMB69 79269e1ed60a6dbb05af519966dc646a 16102
00069thm.jpg
THUMB70 1eead7ac4c60a63da20949a39869c063 15999
00070thm.jpg
THUMB71 57a5ee78b7224b8e0500cd5481def005 16151
00071thm.jpg
THUMB72 c7b3031e709a6f0f89a11c81085037aa 15307
00072thm.jpg
THUMB73 2b15c2575e08abd46020067b1841a222 15470
00073thm.jpg
THUMB74 2a44af5a5220fb2ea4641953953bf2bc 14090
00074thm.jpg
THUMB75 4f8719f47fd84111938ca941a2f79483 14232
00075thm.jpg
THUMB76 830ce10d894410fe4afe876255a7b1ba 15230
00076thm.jpg
THUMB77 2098ef6282b472d89821e7dff1b5bc60 15157
00077thm.jpg
THUMB78 50293d729144d87a1fb160e9cadafe92 14466
00078thm.jpg
THUMB79 5ee60556f541106c8c42ddb8243ab135
00079thm.jpg
THUMB80 f02c577cfb393b733e5e5fe9cf46b06d 15225
00080thm.jpg
THUMB81 19f82744c6561a8fb25e53c5a3bc193a 15974
00081thm.jpg
THUMB82 5bb2f6145664c0238b50b825b2a88022 15360
00082thm.jpg
THUMB83 7ef72184abab2ac4afcddfee9fc53f65 14591
00083thm.jpg
THUMB84 be50faa9c3e7cc63c8ea76102e92ec43 13501
00084thm.jpg
THUMB85 814272b71d508c28d8ac62ee6b9b9635 14210
00085thm.jpg
THUMB86 3d90bd541c8fd07e5c90ea704ad23c72 10030
00086thm.jpg
THUMB87 a7bcfb7c2e0df3c5a62ab960a4c224f0 14397
00087thm.jpg
THUMB88 5a6d3f81300fb15da47be2e4b00dccaf 13841
00088thm.jpg
THUMB89 0ce710d9763a311854f788b6c0459f63 15023
00089thm.jpg
THUMB90 a8d9a0c88ccb3d86d87f88f144cb2472 9722
00090thm.jpg
THUMB91 346863b5e611f7c77880977db0400651 13117
00091thm.jpg
THUMB92 d5ead92a01574cb1fb5ec969f467553f 13129
00092thm.jpg
THUMB93 6c6c0a298ba59c12af7cdd9c79f8048e 12512
00093thm.jpg
THUMB94 e29d400ada2eeff539fa92d4ef95ce01 13355
00094thm.jpg
THUMB95 4dd83252d5b6f557cd10e39c5a3c2cde 14713
00095thm.jpg
THUMB96 d11e85a3f80f475611f772fc6aac9e0b 15622
00096thm.jpg
THUMB97 886186dcfc2c255b5415dd8577c9a491 14050
00097thm.jpg
THUMB98 13497a18e086600e83a20fe9151d1f7e 15823
00098thm.jpg
THUMB99 ebab0491f76db511015670849477aeb3 15735
00099thm.jpg
THUMB100 42e71414a6935092ddc231d21c3afade 14480
00100thm.jpg
THUMB101 b683b6682a2e1d53440074c6e42a8061 14193
00101thm.jpg
THUMB102 1e1888f4bc5ddb8332912456cb0ddaa2 16045
00102thm.jpg
THUMB103 fbcb12d28843bcbee69b94c1be658f55 10743
00103thm.jpg
THUMB104 328006d3e6051f352754a244fd1f48a5 13907
00104thm.jpg
THUMB105 f06a3a612d434fed3ad62e5f6934ad7b 15482
00105thm.jpg
THUMB106 79478d1141ab050198e871ff34397744 12288
00106thm.jpg
THUMB107 6d1fd0255d6e50b81668ff16277fa145 14024
00107thm.jpg
THUMB108 7fe56603f76431ea164fbab204da1034 9611
00108thm.jpg
THUMB109 6b381acde69fe5175d63cc5b3379cc41 13582
00109thm.jpg
THUMB110 f2abda8f1b53983175c20a2f62ebb7e7 15384
00110thm.jpg
THUMB111 d83b8aca5972b8eb62d9cb0e80d7d6e5 15277
00111thm.jpg
THUMB112 e8fe4a5229cab1a52c65698e77e1c1dc
00112thm.jpg
THUMB113 af4b9ca6b50ee2b16fc147defe30a407 13993
00113thm.jpg
THUMB114 7631a9f70128be84230d03efc60b3789 15814
00114thm.jpg
THUMB115 0e75ae48a9195bc2c3f59f302acd5b68 15581
00115thm.jpg
THUMB116 a612bcbcca51a0e423886343be6cf038 15451
00116thm.jpg
THUMB117 c9bf0142a7b8a86fa7c340f6812bef3d 11466
00117thm.jpg
THUMB118 4680c415dbf87a7eae6a0bd9cefdb463 14469
00118thm.jpg
THUMB119 8767ecd2fd70f29ad4eae0924747f510 15914
00119thm.jpg
THUMB120 c26dbff7ca772c73c9456f35151fbb31 14894
00120thm.jpg
THUMB121 36c15f46de26e25abe65d0da3b6755b9 15648
00121thm.jpg
THUMB122 2d145c3ffbc2cfa4734f394373364c2d 5488
00122thm.jpg
THUMB123 d65b68e840676002a71408e3ddee58d6 15104
00123thm.jpg
THUMB124 ab98ba738f5dbd29e793a6398484d6e0 15624
00124thm.jpg
THUMB125 c319e955813a15cebefb213e36148703 15744
00125thm.jpg
THUMB126 5d9167fa032282d11ef930ae22e95805 14915
00126thm.jpg
THUMB127 679d3706650f8af066b21440b6a65887 15867
00127thm.jpg
THUMB128 3120c712f03a3c129d2e23d541d14d84 15664
00128thm.jpg
THUMB129 d4cd1471bba5f99295507ac48515be62 7689
00129thm.jpg
THUMB130 54c186d6def68af0fecc15015041ecb9 13462
00130thm.jpg
THUMB131 75ae81c88350a8e208de9f60ddedb1c1 15614
00131thm.jpg
THUMB132 1eda45ce83dca6edb2cc46ae6cb127be 14831
00132thm.jpg
THUMB133 566b3477143d38faf78230510e69816b 15465
00133thm.jpg
THUMB134 c68e02ce6443dd2ca6917ad084b7139c 15491
00134thm.jpg
THUMB135 aea50b673c5d8943c14781cfab80e402 11569
00135thm.jpg
THUMB136 c607fce2f00718232ec7e85311640ba7 12733
00136thm.jpg
THUMB137 32a66953242a927798a081d57a5da215 14383
00137thm.jpg
THUMB138 38756deee7a9e7d409c812ed2b7ebb9a 14623
00138thm.jpg
THUMB139 ab9dd108790ef22b9d3d0e34517a926e 15343
00139thm.jpg
THUMB140 2e94594218c1df859e2665f79afa90b3 15326
00140thm.jpg
THUMB141 44b24fefe03a2630111adcab4991a474 14479
00141thm.jpg
THUMB142 917abe2ea759506553c741397c31ceee 14116
00142thm.jpg
THUMB143 60f77177f5589c3e6a8002685578df62 13896
00143thm.jpg
THUMB144 ede90d9bf3588eae9b0582f351bfad01 13300
00144thm.jpg
THUMB145 2cc3b65cbdf4ce17fba8488f4b88eea3 15454
00145thm.jpg
THUMB146 36d196733e792fd9a7358c8cf6bca50f 15099
00146thm.jpg
THUMB147 946899586c33c2882bc8b0f4c6ec48ce 14828
00147thm.jpg
THUMB148 e019eadfea9f6501d954bda06b21df5a 12308
00148thm.jpg
THUMB149 027ddf480f95316dc0cfa7554c1df9be 13429
00149thm.jpg
THUMB150 bafd6b0f3ca44980dbc7d3ccc2042536 14126
00150thm.jpg
THUMB151 c42dc12778227cdb1c28df2d6e8cb9a7 14409
00151thm.jpg
THUMB152 f73042743ad0657fb9fb0b0287fdbab7 14084
00152thm.jpg
THUMB153 4e1fe73e8a7afbc76113d83b691c1ba0 11473
00153thm.jpg
THUMB154 8f36b0642a250817eafacc2c89dfb26a 13919
00154thm.jpg
THUMB155 e6467ec69a6982f7fdb84d17636a7391 6524
00155thm.jpg
THUMB156 d3fb1f9331c9126b5086a2c597962cc0 13135
00156thm.jpg
THUMB157 c5d50db3f51733e285255cef9c47ce9c 15261
00157thm.jpg
THUMB158 63da9840b6ba7252a59ad5eb9b5797b0 7749
00158thm.jpg
THUMB159 ce6282f77342a8c8a7633404ebf22c8f 12914
00159thm.jpg
THUMB160 4dcfc694e1c42726c711818f486622f7 12361
00160thm.jpg
THUMB161 427be802b7ee07483459f48ba6fea541 11871
00161thm.jpg
THUMB162 ae247ff1de59f5bc43f3d0a8ef70f571
00162thm.jpg
THUMB163 fadc7dca8919936c32470c07558555cd 15331
00163thm.jpg
THUMB164 53be4748012ca9be68ae4f2546ca0ba0 7087
00164thm.jpg
THUMB165 33d4eb1224f18e5165c21d6a9ba3f5e4 13942
00165thm.jpg
THUMB166 086150f101456a8f19bbcf0d700da033 15416
00166thm.jpg
THUMB167 779c19a62241e0dabae594faf8835add 7172
00167thm.jpg
THUMB168 db993dffdd31ec6942cc03b45afff6a6 10311
00168thm.jpg
THUMB169 9ffcfded64fdbdc45a23cb51a3696a04 12671
00169thm.jpg
THUMB170 948d5e3377ae5cbfbbb50af6ba971110 8778
00170thm.jpg
THUMB171 8360fa9f92161af94e4815895c011ad0 12205
00171thm.jpg
THUMB172 419b873bde44a722ea9fcf7b58b08255 9033
00172thm.jpg
THUMB173 5b187a8ec19248025cbdf5fab72a4ef7 14250
00173thm.jpg
THUMB174 370631b56dc2fffd3d453d89cad86b1f 14368
00174thm.jpg
THUMB175 a64ffd590ab2ea74c85189f81bda110b 8663
00175thm.jpg
THUMB176 9f5507a22b04e428a1794581ad6f1790 11476
00176thm.jpg
THUMB177 749a706b7caf5c5d0833084033daea48 8548
00177thm.jpg
THUMB178 d8f7a23416827a67a9bf8453c74d9a02 13477
00178thm.jpg
THUMB179 7159230a02fc108254e3d554cd3b616b 13104
00179thm.jpg
THUMB180 f27bc98d058ea737926eee5952018a0b 13602
00180thm.jpg
THUMB181 87faccc9c4363f4a8f22b4fe5110de22 13840
00181thm.jpg
THUMB182 13238f1e816686087d516d3edcd535b5 13805
00182thm.jpg
THUMB183 34fe15b2ad21c8d73a9538bc6e1b1403 14226
00183thm.jpg
THUMB184 3caaabdb90c87c26821c0ce5f9c2dacf 12804
00184thm.jpg
THUMB185 fac8aff95b24bdf23e972cf5a7450ebf 13063
00185thm.jpg
THUMB186 a0397318d3ec0152dc5db2d0d437014d 13056
00186thm.jpg
THUMB187 aa9109bf2ea36f15b003a32d8d264341 12973
00187thm.jpg
THUMB188 dd97e1c8c2b05776916b0e6acf598841 13108
00188thm.jpg
THUMB189 629955bca4e12a5d4f879444e7fdb0ca 12916
00189thm.jpg
THUMB190 4d07bd292278d76dd59ff17042b19383 13403
00190thm.jpg
THUMB191 179a6c3a60523e0d6f6a9029d2ae6a72 12642
00191thm.jpg
THUMB192 cba7be48d2de43fad77c79af98ba1d40 12078
00192thm.jpg
PRO1 textx-pro 10e36c423c7d1590bb5a27a54ff9cc4c 5378
00001.pro
PRO2 c6de0bc4fd9f337ca9a56ecffcff93a2 217
00002.pro
PRO3 cab28121a76a007b928f0eab5e286aad 22283
00003.pro
PRO4 567a015b6b59b7a6c8f519518b8da4da
00004.pro
PRO5 38056d14bfaee7b631091f3ef9e4cf86 28800
00005.pro
PRO6 5d19c47d4319f82fba632053f0ddf6aa 10739
00006.pro
PRO7 961cc8c21131487d8e201003cd8ad214 21647
00007.pro
PRO8 24f8875c54de1973c795b9faae434f6f 40098
00008.pro
PRO9 ed425d3638e34a1896e4745908c3f7ca 38415
00009.pro
PRO10 83e7fe69d9bdfc4346203e1c1346f0cc 36651
00010.pro
PRO11 1e740772b140ba5b4f7880c3fd08bb9e 37444
00011.pro
PRO12 6c6110bcb9d9cd183be906fd6f4c8cbc 38116
00012.pro
PRO13 fd989339e24f37cffda70cf4d2b31e8f 37813
00013.pro
PRO14 b4a231e04e5874b6e9d9cbff8450868e 36990
00014.pro
PRO15 fbcffb9126adc56ff63814f4fcfb368f 36763
00015.pro
PRO16 b0055a40c98fb3fb501daac12ba60fc2 12315
00016.pro
PRO17 3442d92b487b7615fa854f12af3efc1a 36128
00017.pro
PRO18 cacc22e2ba2e456c152c33fbac716a5f 8636
00018.pro
PRO19 2a7df641f263f4283420f9e4c1a43e34 25403
00019.pro
PRO20 21f006bc659b725fcfae7142e23612a0 41099
00020.pro
PRO21 27fdd138c76ed461f8e6dc8783a2e1d3 17741
00021.pro
PRO22 f427302c2369ee6f800afefb142285b9 35264
00022.pro
PRO23 c1ca53310a312bcda7d9efa6941b7b7a 26001
00023.pro
PRO24 b6509fae35d465c16409962d0f37bee9 43761
00024.pro
PRO25 b5857300556085c676efb57b301994bb 53286
00025.pro
PRO26 280617bfc2d3c6f59cc3e8c03de824fe 50801
00026.pro
PRO27 e5dc6aaff45a6e8c2463054dd73aad92 51020
00027.pro
PRO28 f346c4a4cea134bb70a8f4a1dbbd8fef 45544
00028.pro
PRO29 14cff80d71cc2c2d41341d54fb02984a 39562
00029.pro
PRO30 c103dddea7c730f013f084176ce2db5d 55163
00030.pro
PRO31 5edaf94007bf731159ae18913466df8f 4869
00031.pro
PRO32 548e94d58cf6e61b4995dd9802f8833a 42302
00032.pro
PRO33 f5941a7b5c8cdd8be7b06a6dc3b8d70d 53686
00033.pro
PRO34 df8237fe9ecd291062fd16aea4480983 45458
00034.pro
PRO35 1ed5c1bff91fccc5614c425dd14e71ec 43136
00035.pro
PRO36 744e90dd78c00c7a3c4c9ad96211b6d1 54217
00036.pro
PRO37 3a87ffd6421c7e02bbf0f6b3251b257c 13058
00037.pro
PRO38 4270ba876d7666aed6592c961d37dba6 42353
00038.pro
PRO39 d297179b1fb688a5d4a3295d390e7433 56298
00039.pro
PRO40 c90e3d6c74aba541b7721f2989887265 53181
00040.pro
PRO41 4b6bbe73f27f6f594ec64940785413b3 54614
00041.pro
PRO42 7129c679bf7daea353cd0e0df2310196 51683
00042.pro
PRO43 9a1848f3906337191202b096d8d4dac1 55493
00043.pro
PRO44 b3531a4d57ddaa41f4046c56233fb696 53607
00044.pro
PRO45 9fdfd77d1e1d64a3f6640b27e60b0702 10436
00045.pro
PRO46 0103aa0648bd9292171b14a8efd4b3fb 42567
00046.pro
PRO47 6872d02f116b154634a80729f3fb25a3 55211
00047.pro
PRO48 aae0698749a823ed5a98afe0ec62ab83 56805
00048.pro
PRO49 ca0a3e7827407266d9bdf14b161beb98 50536
00049.pro
PRO50 690d40683fadb08b2b9d367484b7d128 50195
00050.pro
PRO51 68efa8aa7d92b1c86f88095c8e731bf7 14003
00051.pro
PRO52 bbfabc38e0e581b81d532cd2f28e8ea2 44019
00052.pro
PRO53 9be74f0a099e35c98f77f681c1e7ccc3 52312
00053.pro
PRO54 cfe0c1fe028d295e7e84f9d5c20d15b2 55383
00054.pro
PRO55 38fadd527f4068dd037bddc63cfb9ec8 50562
00055.pro
PRO56 23f6f8ad5d7f002b79790bd6c51cecce 52691
00056.pro
PRO57 a98c11df5140fa8d0a839d4398b15426 54072
00057.pro
PRO58 8393463596e9b4b56bfe0a9302ac3a3b 14928
00058.pro
PRO59 b8eccb7121dc732658c3b5fd20f6a998 34114
00059.pro
PRO60 824cf995fc36f7d758358d12ede68668 53256
00060.pro
PRO61 e9d532e37b35908058e1a047d5e46c00 53415
00061.pro
PRO62 b806a0b5f227a4b976c63f4bd8bccd01 51197
00062.pro
PRO63 7a193001d30921f94d1730bbc8a7d14f 51995
00063.pro
PRO64 5550b5104273db3cdad133c0f2207d6f 51573
00064.pro
PRO65 502e34b4edf18ff64a07e63dd40fafd6 44188
00065.pro
PRO66 c2442648fcf4ad1fb86771d7ff39544d 41644
00066.pro
PRO67 39760ef9d826a137184dd5dbb1368ef9 3542
00067.pro
PRO68 70b84c0bd8e3a44790edb1e978fd8817 40942
00068.pro
PRO69 445e773f5196fba21791ce5f7438c072 52686
00069.pro
PRO70 7bf8b58b8d571f5d3876142c6719d9e3 51839
00070.pro
PRO71 bf8a6730ece027e4a9005de610f8ba4a 52939
00071.pro
PRO72 67272fea290ee7a18a8442760f05387d 46096
00072.pro
PRO73 4155d7e149f8d9b2e8141d1daebae413 45005
00073.pro
PRO74 9426987f8df9abd2723afe56f3fc06f5 41430
00074.pro
PRO75 4d731cad1445bb5b04b6f61465281d19 43699
00075.pro
PRO76 c9786c336b30ef0b77f6b1bfca07f9b3 49379
00076.pro
PRO77 889c48bc245884e30b12cd3f82e9c122 42400
00077.pro
PRO78 8b58eb509cf6f70cdbb832e5736b1727 42496
00078.pro
PRO79 36a885cf76b2083709fab32b2a2229f7 53550
00079.pro
PRO80 641880ebb41ca4e7bd22ba27033c42cc 50937
00080.pro
PRO81 bdce138de8237e24b0bd572bc018236c 52567
00081.pro
PRO82 d6259b38949f1dce460e78c62c912934 51885
00082.pro
PRO83 8c87535507233dab5418df57a1da81cf 43050
00083.pro
PRO84 db9e3374d940e2b4074255c2c9865a97 41525
00084.pro
PRO85 e2ec593a7769a692661fbd9adf5007cb 35152
00085.pro
PRO86 6b31d656bdca03f045655dd8a671333f 22722
00086.pro
PRO87 f5a44476eda259c133ca00c8ee4ddd5d 38099
00087.pro
PRO88 53e70d63b4c1e99a45654c4038088a2c 37888
00088.pro
PRO89 d1c137d892797a2660518e4cad1e5447 46769
00089.pro
PRO90 cc6903f9ff4d3166c527899c3710f1f2 20426
00090.pro
PRO91 c1071788c54c6d20f2860ceae373f091 29268
00091.pro
PRO92 b7b2c540f6fd68b2d93738eb00fef822 35323
00092.pro
PRO93 70c836a5720490259392a9da179ac528 34910
00093.pro
PRO94 4d9de8593b1b0719dd99fd54fece473f 37659
00094.pro
PRO95 756603b8925f1a4168a526fe36f6b964 40055
00095.pro
PRO96 036b01d7a24bb84991de1aef0207bbbe 52395
00096.pro
PRO97 83f729e7376b7319bf28ce76421193f6 41746
00097.pro
PRO98 7ebfc77efabfb3195aac71ed18e43227 54127
00098.pro
PRO99 78a4a9265c886732e587f87edbe97f37 52863
00099.pro
PRO100 e16c2349934d3461e1bb182a77230e33 48588
00100.pro
PRO101 d2e868b239cd0be331a9b5bc13cb0200 42428
00101.pro
PRO102 5b1481dddddc147f7703488398aba58f 53532
00102.pro
PRO103 2c109e646bd464d426b84240c92d9350 26783
00103.pro
PRO104 b8b50487d5aee279590666be3719ffb8 40541
00104.pro
PRO105 38c061f5e041f2ed611eac2244071dd2 49183
00105.pro
PRO106 ce14c991f48bc7a3ec483b151842de02 35233
00106.pro
PRO107 1c13c627d1ca9f71f1022a065ef5fda5 42038
00107.pro
PRO108 61247d5cff2d2a6e78ab271bf3fbd9a6 20564
00108.pro
PRO109 1bdaa6cf9df526eb22abf7f8df99a4a6 34589
00109.pro
PRO110 590d0a5a2234a36b46f0582568221e0e 52063
00110.pro
PRO111 feecce919cd2e6940e41314707309c17 48106
00111.pro
PRO112 b2ec60e618710df3a8327f93c0d2ff1b 52325
00112.pro
PRO113 48ff780f99cb92b599a3b2e5d059da8a 38057
00113.pro
PRO114 9e0625d266d1b77e26f5beab5a92fce6 54848
00114.pro
PRO115 21f28db8d818c76190c2bb6cb7525b24 47239
00115.pro
PRO116 c708a475420fd8a62482e3956bc19020 46188
00116.pro
PRO117 59619d6e7b12e31c220394ac131499f8 26802
00117.pro
PRO118 2d78d68d03234dac86c84fb73e9de259 39802
00118.pro
PRO119 0e32de3a46bc2c3a5ea77fed40338da4 53970
00119.pro
PRO120 6738c122673dc2f0558b8d265f140a89 46725
00120.pro
PRO121 7cce1021a542b01c5952bf3630280cb8 49069
00121.pro
PRO122 9f85590c9e803d810ffaf33e5b587c44 3653
00122.pro
PRO123 15ef5c3b703d57bc5cbad6d83d400819 44831
00123.pro
PRO124 a5557ea05cd0de39cb3bc36177c73db0 54641
00124.pro
PRO125 61a3b6c0a2cc2628e0fa3cde7cd66508 54619
00125.pro
PRO126 28624432002fdc80fa533f1d3fe8fd66 48977
00126.pro
PRO127 dba4b193f4bfbfe80436ce98aca3593f 54525
00127.pro
PRO128 b7e7b7e8e65aa068c0cc93d7c2771f0c 54818
00128.pro
PRO129 545b2e7313f8761be9f8848eccafde69 13132
00129.pro
PRO130 f01c55be98f7c0e2c946e8dd54d2b157 41683
00130.pro
PRO131 cc1d2be8e6ef509a6411c3dae23a88f5 53728
00131.pro
PRO132 f0ccfba70bb0a9fab811a214292d5121 53657
00132.pro
PRO133 ca1ea37811b1a4152b1eacc4e11032fb 50724
00133.pro
PRO134 b71b48e6e58c3f0e3428cb64a87098c3 53159
00134.pro
PRO135 e6833983766643d23b1542b9891fcb64 30448
00135.pro
PRO136 991629e34d8b80d350b6572f054aca30 39731
00136.pro
PRO137 faaaba2468be140402ad5ea9afbbd8c2 46245
00137.pro
PRO138 1aa8337473e68eddfe56ea4ebc47ef0d 46472
00138.pro
PRO139 045f15802a303c0a5a11ac424dc746f6 51440
00139.pro
PRO140 a05fd404f9a5da15f15f8515054954c2 54251
00140.pro
PRO141 2c9fa1e85c8a60817d0d9b6acdea5d98 44365
00141.pro
PRO142 3fd877f2781e8ad72967a6287d293646 39368
00142.pro
PRO143 92bb954c909328c39c1b51ae78ba5636 41239
00143.pro
PRO144 5e8e8813fc9a9bacc4186da77eb7ac7f 40347
00144.pro
PRO145 9977882756b843b5487398f57173a49e 50215
00145.pro
PRO146 bac6a4e524987b1e66ed4dccddac937a 51169
00146.pro
PRO147 5753d3bb4920ab2abb7e059255163520 47514
00147.pro
PRO148 a8f5f7f340ef60b70a0f0ae772036f66 37184
00148.pro
PRO149 f31d67a978a00aade75f383ee337c1dc 40567
00149.pro
PRO150 5948086eca0a36f8230236639863d8a0 46676
00150.pro
PRO151 83a80f28d2baeaaf76d00825bb7d0a3e 46075
00151.pro
PRO152 6e651805d8c52fe9e4886ce73f4fa96b 46441
00152.pro
PRO153 ddff6a80b0fecd6bff053e0ce4b1918f 34625
00153.pro
PRO154 ed1cd79dc59b6c429de1fd61a74be3d2 47221
00154.pro
PRO155 b581b3df0c43f3e3be548e4168a4eebc 9272
00155.pro
PRO156 7d4d73ea6dfee5881359bcb4905f7b8b 37627
00156.pro
PRO157 f8831e1ff2dcc0c9d68a08f66fb179ac 53273
00157.pro
PRO158 2996c7aae6ac418fb7578050324876f9 15791
00158.pro
PRO159 beb090e5a31e0e959a56999d1b0a8f3b 33940
00159.pro
PRO160 3b6d7d06e3bc9c9ba0fbd0258fc92e1a 31773
00160.pro
PRO161 d9e6e215ea036bb2ef1029852c80aed2 31148
00161.pro
PRO162 020d8aa02f0c88bc73b0a76b750eb90d 43398
00162.pro
PRO163 e8937eb2a5b9c9110d35c9da795b3ed0 51047
00163.pro
PRO164 66f23f769e58c78cc5ed5fd6e29fd7da 12852
00164.pro
PRO165 dd2cb178dde64f512e153cddafc415c1 42011
00165.pro
PRO166 b2f01cbd4733aa106b4bcf5c7a5d7e4c 49171
00166.pro
PRO167 3b2934b0f4e04bf0495fe9d14dce2a18 10298
00167.pro
PRO168 6de61c366b2d1386ed6612a79b3b915a 23074
00168.pro
PRO169 32f2c062b5946675d8aa454cc22ae7ad 29242
00169.pro
PRO170 3ed15ff58f4d826a9f35e99942e7c27f 18183
00170.pro
PRO171 ddec750a05c978669391742792df590f 29819
00171.pro
PRO172 3ff8aaba86001f697846c15045c4ef57 18301
00172.pro
PRO173 a907c991a914a24f33a3ac2c5a3e261d 47461
00173.pro
PRO174 2e74b6fc6a3df08f07ea1705986a7b26 46848
00174.pro
PRO175 b4a256b5b6d68fce35c5f208d37bc6f4 11287
00175.pro
PRO176 22a0b2b12bec0b8da02dfb60b00fda21 25762
00176.pro
PRO177 57ee0979288d31567ab984ebfb995aa4 14554
00177.pro
PRO178 69538e8b761468a5ae2f6208008ebac5 32714
00178.pro
PRO179 b2644f509bdbcc96277cca7f1aae9781 33038
00179.pro
PRO180 cd75620aa992cca27d39747a05504f92 39327
00180.pro
PRO181 2d735d08feff655c61845c4a42ba77ed 38896
00181.pro
PRO182 094916c15685dd9ef2bd7e4ef82f9a62 36432
00182.pro
PRO183 b5c250ae50fd15a97eeff82889c15f73 36458
00183.pro
PRO184 5196526fed6d6c89102142ff6912fdf4 31335
00184.pro
PRO185 e278ba89687fbce1a950bab0c0dbd8be 31359
00185.pro
PRO186 9575756b3359ab58426aa08051e89010 30661
00186.pro
PRO187 2004a611f098c5ba50c59b2a1f2c69f0 31125
00187.pro
PRO188 38afd5d4c5115ecd9be5b3a156a693eb 33535
00188.pro
PRO189 f65916e3a3739359d0607806e50dbff8 30726
00189.pro
PRO190 28fa53fa488cebb1773bc72f8ca45086 33880
00190.pro
PRO191 7c66572319aaef899766f5f7f9ec70a6 29000
00191.pro
PRO192 a63b50f5df98e56f7e93b8f662423b63 32486
00192.pro
TXT1 textplain 77a97a5dd966cf6f8056de35465d21d7 211
00001.txt
TXT2 81051bcc2cf1bedf378224b0a93e2877 2
00002.txt
TXT3 a9dd307339b1a8b9e11e0f5e2ee892be 866
00003.txt
TXT4
00004.txt
TXT5 437b58318c0345283fdb53d34775d5f2 1101
00005.txt
TXT6 227441ad9135b205a41c57ea9566927c 408
00006.txt
TXT7 0bb06dba2785662c517c7d2d658caa87 833
00007.txt
TXT8 4a369e4a41f7ad65c6a245e026fa74aa 1522
00008.txt
TXT9 98f8362aebe0dfd8b6c67d67cd9aa79a 1482
00009.txt
TXT10 56065a71b49b0ffdbcab399cf9fb727a 1399
00010.txt
TXT11 ccc4b907147aff6f0210e77507f38a1d 1438
00011.txt
TXT12 eaad58c57bba225807904c89ecd9ea83 1450
00012.txt
TXT13 d63fea9d6727b5baa75bf60e068aac62 1451
00013.txt
TXT14 c765689207368b518424e37fe8bafd7d 1411
00014.txt
TXT15 6c5da89844e04a1e286fc4cc193d5361 1422
00015.txt
TXT16 4e7ed6d14439b649aff11c29a3b11aa8 469
00016.txt
TXT17 387b60933ea992a7dd950420c41b5d49 1388
00017.txt
TXT18 1e0751136581cda88a014269883065fb 326
00018.txt
TXT19 fae477b645db6e572516c584fc9d4aa6 982
00019.txt
TXT20 0316878c7ccbc713cd74cb3501177791 1554
00020.txt
TXT21 b2a6171599c42ae453da4532a1082879 674
00021.txt
TXT22 da67b59a993837ce53388f3505b3da2d 1347
00022.txt
TXT23 ea88a6ed3dd3b33675bfd071bdbb4731 1012
00023.txt
TXT24 b7b7fbfd22177b170631231dfafe3878 1664
00024.txt
TXT25 5fc0713d77a2121277fe339fd3bd29db 2046
00025.txt
TXT26 34f24aa208fd68399971b9fb079ef6aa 2080
00026.txt
TXT27 1721d042ccda35db819002ab896bf303 1961
00027.txt
TXT28 22bb217e64b99f9a65333c499da0cd9b 1732
00028.txt
TXT29 93fb42f0b6e6c05847975d252a12b4b2 1517
00029.txt
TXT30 fcaf9d1db3b11f9a20b4cd5adea0e107 2104
00030.txt
TXT31 5d5ff1ce70abf2e285c34efeb9e58b31 199
00031.txt
TXT32 77c6e34931a56c2f6c9dee9b6e3ff6d5 1603
00032.txt
TXT33 119fe952c68ccf743e331d8f9835c57e 2061
00033.txt
TXT34 fa43b22d2a9d4b80de92dfa3d16c0fa4 1733
00034.txt
TXT35 1bfc620ef05e551c077fd63b16b319a0 1669
00035.txt
TXT36 ae62a77f546f72b9711d7e9a44090649 2064
00036.txt
TXT37 c0d4eadcc2a7d244fcb7310927d6ff74 501
00037.txt
TXT38 b51a0a443a794b495f0903884a7724b1 1615
00038.txt
TXT39 b532d7e6ca6df8385171f18abf1b9dd0 2159
00039.txt
TXT40 dc8f1f980a453e015619dce92fa712ec 2022
00040.txt
TXT41 33a305f1d766ea44a2c939662f962e89 2093
00041.txt
TXT42 56b67380f07999d4a1749d93b00c031a 1978
00042.txt
TXT43 a4923b2fe098a507111beb7fca568f0b 2132
00043.txt
TXT44 d1c2eeb851997d36283ddd12ba59af09
00044.txt
TXT45 1c67da6e11d672e2b6a65141c8e28b4f 403
00045.txt
TXT46 11c0281acaa94dcf576647bb04e5c4b7 1612
00046.txt
TXT47 d2351ef336d895c213b7533cbb12c1af 2120
00047.txt
TXT48 304c2a6997d8ef7263caefa8ec160618 2162
00048.txt
TXT49 258f318b1597155dc641cfea8baf28f0 1946
00049.txt
TXT50 52cd25d16e0518ade954b6a717e8dd8b 1917
00050.txt
TXT51 9181fb60824e90285b78ad7eba522c6c 538
00051.txt
TXT52 6c9dcc57cb975c77a85ad1f0af17c547 1673
00052.txt
TXT53 d3825c2b8377291382b65523105560d6 2017
00053.txt
TXT54 9e2ec1630da47ccd68862778220a1dda 2099
00054.txt
TXT55 44ad7f3eb58ade0e8327376967b67f40 1948
00055.txt
TXT56 d0e0c202e83923aef0688d10f897c196 2000
00056.txt
TXT57 2abb6b3de65c456f39a318fb79edd630 2077
00057.txt
TXT58 4ab3a4b235f0c734ef41bd35c0420603 566
00058.txt
TXT59 d1083812af08ca930afeb9b461ab1a03 1308
00059.txt
TXT60 d24d2b9c35217f3164a4c8ba97d8a1b0 2018
00060.txt
TXT61 00bdc094ca49e7a4ba5db932daa61ec1 2037
00061.txt
TXT62 7e2606c36ea7199c0f26907f2beabd79 1951
00062.txt
TXT63 d56eeafebce270b798d8ea0597585388 1995
00063.txt
TXT64 14416f69b4a0c49887176b3bcaf76c0c 1956
00064.txt
TXT65 410cc756c71228ef8f7538ef18a8c15b 1701
00065.txt
TXT66 df76dec8ad4fe76cca711e2a935fbcea 1590
00066.txt
TXT67 987cee04d915d39f9e3e78a25310e6de 136
00067.txt
TXT68 2685d05a5d73f8781a263739e63b8749 1560
00068.txt
TXT69 44b08b46fdcb72e8ad844a408e8d5928 2026
00069.txt
TXT70 5c5cc81b52f6df3d8044a6b7c9bfeb1e 1977
00070.txt
TXT71 8ee38ab8e45c963639a5080b570f9634 2036
00071.txt
TXT72 259ff6acae1a3c09ce336de3d994935b 1755
00072.txt
TXT73 605f7b81cd37fee4ce638f16c97c88f3 1884
00073.txt
TXT74 58d9f0949c0592134c4bf897a57748f5 1592
00074.txt
TXT75 dbd5672311caa0cdca9afe9d43a4a2f2 1710
00075.txt
TXT76 42f3b4fbf0de753ab49c0cfa289d71bc 1879
00076.txt
TXT77 c66aa51ff2b5eccff45e4bd5637861ed 1768
00077.txt
TXT78 db909fbb5896f9e9af422a0e3d7cad83 1609
00078.txt
TXT79 35695cbb63939d9d693388d84348d917 2063
00079.txt
TXT80 83014f5decc834d872e1fb2b4646938a 1942
00080.txt
TXT81 c1fce9d5820016bc2266ce3e53336558
00081.txt
TXT82 de6a5def69d704725f032e491570e1c2 1980
00082.txt
TXT83 75bc89fdc9211c54251934161500bfb3 1653
00083.txt
TXT84 04610d416fdbcb786bffd8d4a0dc9247 1579
00084.txt
TXT85 46937fe0a3b69623281f5232bbcf49cf
00085.txt
TXT86 61fed36ad7758555b8fbc2c185c02e3c 871
00086.txt
TXT87 557d8a818e776c3a038dba26dc7a4528 1457
00087.txt
TXT88 8d459a7b1188a4697deec6ebd4200f34
00088.txt
TXT89 2393f25358bedbcb92c23742e0e21581 1803
00089.txt
TXT90 c37096a91d9ee3757e6c0ccbd5f34b41 835
00090.txt
TXT91 b2c69e7ea6f7d9abea952f43eb2ee6f7 1124
00091.txt
TXT92 990b1992d0c9b976071ae17fc5326e94 1355
00092.txt
TXT93 9ba9ba0a9a31d45fe15ac5419a0e0636 1378
00093.txt
TXT94 5f80d206d9481548a4cca9dd81f678a5 1434
00094.txt
TXT95 e71b5659395e1fbcdbb89bb52345e21d 1532
00095.txt
TXT96 a7bab0fb7ef0e9f987b3abcba13b2ce9 1989
00096.txt
TXT97 63f62f3ee1f6554a328734eedaea67c6
00097.txt
TXT98 4b7605e3e80efe3e71011cd2104f154d
00098.txt
TXT99 8129da661c7f662160f6779235cd0b3f 2035
00099.txt
TXT100 4d41cd6e80bc0ecc632bdc3d6df0fc51 1849
00100.txt
TXT101 b0e5cf0e31072d43ef958143bea011f5 1631
00101.txt
TXT102 6e93935e8b6ee0a4348e308cdb46915e 2039
00102.txt
TXT103 73cab62c6e97e00039e0486157b806c4 1030
00103.txt
TXT104 ec96152ca821f89c12391d416116ab79 1535
00104.txt
TXT105 c7f52c3f63c13994a1ee7f71543279af 1895
00105.txt
TXT106 8bc1b196ac06eab1d4d8090644a205df 1350
00106.txt
TXT107 3318ffaf9276317f98c64b29d2baccaa 1597
00107.txt
TXT108 edf4d52be81fd66b559376d417b746d4 830
00108.txt
TXT109 56b6227dc2abd0bcd79fb33591e00ca3 1329
00109.txt
TXT110 273667133e3851f05b2fea38832ca73b 1968
00110.txt
TXT111 2dd7fcca72d1cbef7496ff33ecd0b5b6 1839
00111.txt
TXT112 c62e6fb2fee0158abb603f357c76b9ed
00112.txt
TXT113 a8262f5be99a71dc7c586335e6ac9abb 1523
00113.txt
TXT114 a442193c5fc7747d8cfc9d24b8935714
00114.txt
TXT115 91f6f38fa99cdead4e5d015892c18d0b 1813
00115.txt
TXT116 3167cf3cc49a406463ecc3e7abb37309
00116.txt
TXT117 24e1d2301c3b0404d85c6a0ea1a7142a
00117.txt
TXT118 e4fbfb044b4066fcf982432a3f309534 1515
00118.txt
TXT119 0fe14b99e562dc41ddf698ce9d79cc82 2075
00119.txt
TXT120 e985bb8c6ecaa146454bbe17e76eb7aa 1780
00120.txt
TXT121 59218b788f771a3cb450827850e31a19 1890
00121.txt
TXT122 d7503183f3d149c756d8aa4f517abf11
00122.txt
TXT123 28bcfa060dde9a3ee968ec1f8fbd482c 1724
00123.txt
TXT124 8e330f6cf4f76ee8f23e966cde30b16d 2082
00124.txt
TXT125 aa4b8804dd4032c19e69f03e1c2824e3 2096
00125.txt
TXT126 30165596f872199826dc6f12ef658c53 1858
00126.txt
TXT127 eaea5edec47554f98c0718592797716f 2094
00127.txt
TXT128 d3180ca63b98ce8c912916947bd0727b 2086
00128.txt
TXT129 dfaff61d9feebdfc5375853e65eaaf60 506
00129.txt
TXT130 53d87dfb0c06e56bab0e12b7bce205e5 1581
00130.txt
TXT131 9fda00a9883641fec8470c7ec404b70a 2067
00131.txt
TXT132 e2e76564ef6c080b5cb8e82aa47c0a61 2038
00132.txt
TXT133 a93ee3dd5be3c5fcc5809951267bf3d6 1954
00133.txt
TXT134 252eb8ea56e7d0a2f8fae5135d10f713 2014
00134.txt
TXT135 7ddd46190d95296cb4724d0a9a14fbea 1170
00135.txt
TXT136 f63f142f75529783bc1024291bbe2bd1 1506
00136.txt
TXT137 641de8ade90b84898d68df1da75b1ab1 1779
00137.txt
TXT138 018e715077241b5433e280a360c143c7 1772
00138.txt
TXT139 ff2446128778b1e340dd0b6c0b1a33ae 1981
00139.txt
TXT140 9de312efd70aa35ae759c83a39c6f7fe 2053
00140.txt
TXT141 a2aa8a31090998b9eaa242ad0c3046b1 1713
00141.txt
TXT142 b076af0b063240e62fc39b0b625fd967 1505
00142.txt
TXT143 71bef7e630ea35083b9d7c39452ff924 1596
00143.txt
TXT144 82135e1925cb6234869d94dab580e622 1537
00144.txt
TXT145 69bd7287d4456a991b88f13d205212d8 1936
00145.txt
TXT146 325b121877c943b1529fa33a02e72e0c
00146.txt
TXT147 92d0a59126048e337594cd3871773978 1837
00147.txt
TXT148 524dca2d1be9b1cd4dc76511be5678c8 1416
00148.txt
TXT149 58a164864f5f4b08d2e22bec9b977e27
00149.txt
TXT150 932307b66c8d27ea26f5e83a0a03b0fc 1782
00150.txt
TXT151 c2381a7231ffc9e299c3122601995f3a 1756
00151.txt
TXT152 7be449eb7344156374bbe9845365d853 1791
00152.txt
TXT153 6b321190716c2333889e94d8ab8f6753 1389
00153.txt
TXT154 c3f3612cc7d251a18c043ae9015aed12 1824
00154.txt
TXT155 6b3c07f79c3ddfe818aaaf892c93b165 351
00155.txt
TXT156 3ba2605a105d72446900159b57265e67 1428
00156.txt
TXT157 a1b7ae92a8dcebbf1dddeea102fcd329 2043
00157.txt
TXT158 ab895e16915d8661f54813a225ebbc50
00158.txt
TXT159 609c35b9aa0d8663a25fd8809f2cb0ff 1297
00159.txt
TXT160 8f4eb2c37afb7e6437123310f3e1f444 1207
00160.txt
TXT161 f4f5d9570fc4353a42e251bcebf82ae9 1195
00161.txt
TXT162 bbeb370954d8f81f5e224ebdbfd823e2 1629
00162.txt
TXT163 d1a7a82bc58bc21ee128f9e508d1fc58 1964
00163.txt
TXT164 dea31e70ae06132606a695f09997c9ce 483
00164.txt
TXT165 84b532cf1ad24c2ae2dded29cb14e150 1619
00165.txt
TXT166 3b31502542361c16f5094841c486fd77 1873
00166.txt
TXT167 2c8e8cf310f84d45361fc37889f08a69 427
00167.txt
TXT168 7d09d406fcc13d912e98c00499dc7c8b 883
00168.txt
TXT169 75762865f868c2871cbcea693663dfb6 1145
00169.txt
TXT170 64b8008be6afa8aebfe28ecd6363bacb 708
00170.txt
TXT171 0ec91c36026f9f15496d00b542109f2b 1159
00171.txt
TXT172 2b95d270dd41d980566b0f528713673e 695
00172.txt
TXT173 3fa2caf8d9efe6261d4d09ada1f51b5d 1816
00173.txt
TXT174 f5bc53dcd995cce55b3abdb222d2f532 1784
00174.txt
TXT175 867ddd98fc22d7a5794e295259e4d053 436
00175.txt
TXT176 5e8126645321cba4b6c644be6fd2853d 980
00176.txt
TXT177 8ad8b2312a2ee66a7f70d4fcf141cde5 564
00177.txt
TXT178 7e970a68c54ae80edd92f956c067f669 1234
00178.txt
TXT179 86a347ee54f5c687fe6988d2fb5beb8a 1272
00179.txt
TXT180 f6ccfbf314cda42dc1e8c103389c98e9 1491
00180.txt
TXT181 4f5e81a648d1a2b859d46fc163bc886d 1498
00181.txt
TXT182 49e2087f49467d1e5c0215b2af7e695a 1405
00182.txt
TXT183 8229dee42f0529b0829cc12faa176ce9 1414
00183.txt
TXT184 82240bcd649552b4b4d411dbdd18b713 1206
00184.txt
TXT185 9b62a3d476748bc5ee776bd7648cab5f 1204
00185.txt
TXT186 19952ca0c2954183791f903a2f43fad5 1166
00186.txt
TXT187 b75dcbd5da8d87625852198c7f238481 1205
00187.txt
TXT188 f4ba335091520a953f3009e277506bd9 1289
00188.txt
TXT189 3332de41dc768e1b2cf9d1a338ee90b0 1181
00189.txt
TXT190 028c1dd2d6efc0b3abd7ac7626ee482e 1290
00190.txt
TXT191 1c628031a9bf9e8f13534a64815efaca 1129
00191.txt
TXT192 05ebd531116a7b399f87c199a183df1c 1240
00192.txt
METS1 unknownx-mets 1a5d96c92eb06346712c1d2f5eba5c20 194842
AA00062326_00003.mets
METS:structMap STRUCT1 physical
METS:div DMDID ADMID ORDER 0 main
PDIV1 Title Page
PAGE1
METS:fptr FILEID
PAGE2
PDIV2 Officers for Chapter
PAGE3 3
PAGE4 4
PDIV3 Standing committees 1908
PAGE5 5
PAGE6 6
PDIV4 List of members
PAGE7 7
PAGE8 8
PAGE9 9
PAGE10 10
PAGE11 11
PAGE12 12
PAGE13 13
PAGE14 14
PAGE15 15
PAGE16 16
PDIV5 Constitution
PAGE17 17
PAGE18 18
PDIV6 By laws
PAGE19 19
PDIV7 Introduction
PAGE20 20
PAGE21 21
PDIV8 Contents
PAGE22 22
PAGE23 23
PDIV9 President's annual address
PAGE24 24
PAGE25 25
PAGE26 26
PAGE27 27
PAGE28 28
PDIV10 Report standing committee on citrus fruits
PAGE29 29
PAGE30 30
PAGE31 31
PDIV11 Citrus Savana Lands
PAGE32 32
PAGE33 33
PAGE34 34
PAGE35 35
PAGE36 36
PAGE37 37
PDIV12 Orchard management
PAGE38 38
PAGE39 39
PAGE40 40
PAGE41 41
PAGE42 42
PAGE43 43
PAGE44 44
PAGE45 45
PDIV13 An experiment orchard cultivation
PAGE46 46
PAGE47 47
PAGE48 48
PAGE49 49
PAGE50 50
PAGE51 51
PDIV14 The blue-green beetle
PAGE52 52
PAGE53 53
PAGE54 54
PAGE55 55
PAGE56 56
PAGE57 57
PAGE58 58
PDIV15 insects and diseases
PAGE59 59
PAGE60 60
PAGE61 61
PAGE62 62
PAGE63 63
PAGE64 64
PAGE65 65
PAGE66 66
PAGE67 67
PDIV16 Pineapple culture
PAGE68 68
PAGE69 69
PAGE70 70
PAGE71 71
PAGE72 72
PAGE73 73
PAGE74 74
PAGE75 75
PAGE76 76
PAGE77 77
PDIV17 Cuba
PAGE78 78
PAGE79 79
PAGE80 80
PAGE81 81
PAGE82 82
PDIV18 pineapple
PAGE83 83
PAGE84 84
PDIV19 the progress fruit vegetable industry Province Santiago de
PAGE85 85
PAGE86 86
PDIV20 Progress western part
PAGE87 87
PDIV21 Matanzas
PAGE88 88
PAGE89 89
PAGE90 90
PDIV22 Pinar del Rio
PAGE91 91
PAGE92 92
PAGE93 93
PAGE94 94
PDIV23 Isle Pines
PAGE95 95
PAGE96 96
PDIV24 vegetables
PAGE97 97
PAGE98 98
PAGE99 99
PAGE100 100
PDIV25 Egg plant
PAGE101 101
PAGE102 102
PAGE103 103
PDIV26 Tomato
PAGE104 104
PAGE105 105
PAGE106 106
PDIV27 Marketing
PAGE107 107
PAGE108 108
PDIV28 mango (Mangifera Indica)
PAGE109 109
PAGE110 110
PAGE111 111
PAGE112 112
PAGE113 113
PAGE114 114
PAGE115 115
PAGE116 116
PAGE117 117
PDIV29 Preservation native ornamental trees
PAGE118 118
PAGE119 119
PAGE120 120
PAGE121 121
PAGE122 122
PDIV30 Some new introduced plants
PAGE123 123
PAGE124 124
PAGE125 125
PAGE126 126
PAGE127 127
PAGE128 128
PAGE129 129
PDIV31 farmerss door yard
PAGE130 130
PAGE131 131
PAGE132 132
PAGE133 133
PAGE134 134
PAGE135 135
PDIV32 avocado
PAGE136
PAGE137 137
PAGE138 138
PAGE139 139
PAGE140 140
PAGE141 141
PAGE142 142
PAGE143 143
PDIV33 Bananas
PAGE144 144
PAGE145 145
PAGE146 146
PAGE147 147
PAGE148 148
PDIV34 Strawberry
PAGE149 149
PAGE150 150
PDIV35 Evaporation fromn soil
PAGE151 151
PAGE152 152
PAGE153 153
PAGE154 154
PAGE155 155
PDIV36 Value a local growers organization
PAGE156 156
PAGE157 157
PAGE158 158
PDIV37 transportation
PAGE159 159
PAGE160 160
PAGE161 161
PDIV38 quarantine law
PAGE162 162
PAGE163 163
PAGE164 164
PDIV39 Secretary's
PAGE165 165
PAGE166 166
PAGE167 167
PDIV40 Statement former treasurer L. S. McIrwin
PAGE168 168
PDIV41 H. C. Henricksen
PAGE169 169
PAGE170 170
PDIV42 Laughlin
PAGE171 171
PDIV43 Election officers
PAGE172 172
PDIV44 Appointment
PAGE173 173
PAGE174 174
PDIV45 auditing
PAGE175 175
PDIV46 constitution
PAGE176 176
PAGE177 177
PDIV47 appointed to visit President Elect invite him Horticultural fair
PAGE178 178
PDIV48 final resolutions
PAGE179 179
PDIV49 awards
PAGE180 180
PAGE181 181
PAGE182 182
PAGE183 183
PAGE184 184
PAGE185 185
PAGE186 186
PAGE187 187
PAGE188 188
PAGE189 189
PAGE190 190
PAGE191 191
PAGE192 192
STRUCT2 other
ODIV1 Main
FILES1