The Intercom

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The Intercom
United States -- Army. -- Corps of Engineers. -- Walla Walla District ( issuing body )
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U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District
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Vol. 43 No. 3 July October 2014 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District Vol. 44 No. 1 Jan Dec 2015 Walla Walla District Providing Outstanding Value to the Nation U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Walla Walla District


3 INTERCOM 2 Lower Granite: Project Maintenance TeamLower Granites maintenance crew had an excellent less than seven days in 2014. This has earned them the Excellence Award. treatment. Ice Harbor: Project Safety Award On the cover I NTERCOMThe Intercom of Engineers. Commander PA Chief PA Specialist Bruce Henrickson PA Specialist Editor Student Aide John Dodd Inside this issueDiver Derrick Burleigh from the Philadelphia District, inspects the Dam, January 2015. The inspection was part of an annual routine team. Photo by Rick Bonoit For more information, contact: 3 Federal Columbia River Power System Awards 4 5 District members help battle Western blazes 6 Corps completes Snake-Clearwater rivers maintenance 8 Mill Creek Levee Maintenance 10 STEM Science, Technology, Engineering & Math 12 Industry Day 2015 13 14 Diving into Dam Maintenance 16 Managing Avian Predation 18 Juvenile Bypass Improvements 20 Snake River Dams 22 Spillway Weirs; Celebrating 10 years of national service 24 Spillway Weirs help increase fish survival 26 McNary Dam Hits the Rewind 28 Supporting partners and stakeholders 30 Brig. Gen. Spellmon visits the Walla Walla District 31 Leadership Development Program 2015 Graduates 32 33 Tall ships transit McNary Lock and Dam 34 Lyons Ferry Park, Back in Business 35 Hood Park gets recycled fire hose fender 36 Around the District 38 Corps Day 40 Annual Award Winners 44 Distinguished RetireeMark S. Summers brought to the Region more than 28 years of experience Structural Engineer, Technical Manager, Specialist Structural Engineer. In these


5 INTERCOM 4The Walla Walla District welcomes Major Ian Davis, New Deputy Commander Maj. Ian R. Davis assumed duties as the deputy district commander for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District, on Aug. 1, 2015. Davis was commissioned into the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers upon graduation Davis most recently served as the Battalion, 4th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, in Fort Leonard Wood, Mo. His previous assignments include: heavy equipment operator, 46th Engineer Battalion, Fort Rucker, Ala.; platoon leader, 70th Engineer Battalion, 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division; Aide De Camp, Brig. Gen. Robert Crear, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Task Force Restore Iraqi Oil, Baghdad, Iraq; company commander, 73rd Engineer Company, 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division Stryker Brigade Combat Team, Fort Wainwright, Alaska with deployment to Iraq, Baqubah, Iraq; small group leader, Engineer Captains Career Course, U.S. Army Engineer School, Fort Leonard Wood, Mo. Davis earned a Bachelor of Science degree in 1998 from Northern Arizona University and a Master of Arts degree in Public Administration from Websters University in 2006. Davis is a graduate of the Engineer Career Course, and the Command and General Staff College. Davis also has a Project Management Professional (PMP) Institute. Davis military awards and decorations include the Bronze Star Medal; The Meritorious Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster; the Army Commendation Medal with three Oak Leaf Clusters; the Army Achievement Medal with three Oak Leaf Clusters; Good Conduct Medal; National Defense Service Medal; Iraq Campaign Medal with two Bronze Service Stars; Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary and Service Medals; Overseas Service Medal with number three device; Valorous Unit Award, Meritorious Unit Commendation; Army Superior Unit Award; Combat Action Badge; and the Bronze Order of the de Fleury Medal. A native of Williams, Ariz., Davis and his wife Nancy, currently reside in Walla Walla, and have two sons; Devin and Liam, and a daughter Emma. Right: Jean DesJarlais, Hydropower Business Line manager, and Danielle Fichera, Structural Design Section chief, provided emergency power technical expertise to support requests from the State of Washington. DesJarlais and Fichera have previously served on emergency powerresponse team deployments at numerous locations across the Nation. They deployed to Bothell, Washington, in response to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Region 10s request for subject matter experts to support operational planning efforts to proPresident Barack Obama signed an emergency declaration that ordered federal aid to supplement state and local response efforts in the counties of Asotin, Chelan, Douglas, Ferry, Klickitat, Okanogan, Pend Oreille, Skamania, Spokane, Stevens, and Yakima and the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reser vation, the Kalispel Tribe of Indians, the Spokane Tribe of Indians, and the Confed erated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers photos Teammates, Partners, and Stakeholders, 2015 indeed turned out to be another great year for the District and our mission to generate value to this great region and the Nation. We all should take great pride in our successful year be it in our hydropower sustainment and modernization goals, our maintenance of the federal navigation channel, our flood risk reduction efforts, to our environmental stewardship and regulatory efforts, and our recreational operations. The year was marked by great focus of all of the District employees and our partners and stakeholders, truly committed to service to the Nation. I hope this edition of the Intercom grants you the opportunity to reflect upon the great people we work with every day and the complex challenges we take on each and every day. Im extremely humbled to be able to command this District and work side by side with so many dedicated public servants. As for 2016, it is shaping up to be another busy year but no matter what challenges we have ahead of us, together well continue to meet them head on and deliver outstanding service to the American People. LTC Timothy Vail


7 INTERCOM 6 Dredging initially took place at the downstream lock approach of Ice Harbor Dam, then later on the Lower Granite Lock and Dam Lewiston-Clarkston area, including Port of Lewiston and Port of Clarkston berthing areas. The ports obtained their own dredging permits and paid for dredging of their berthing areas. Dredged materials were used to construct additional shallow23 miles downstream of Clarkston, Wash. Earlier this year the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers completed maintenance dredging of problem areas of the federal navigation channel and two port berthing areas in the Snake and Clearwater rivers where accumulated sediment had interfered with navigation. Dredging was performed to meet a current immediate need to re-establish the federal navigation channel to its congressionally authorized dimensions of 250 feet wide by 14 feet deep at Minimum Operating Pool (MOP) elevation. Dredging began Jan. 12 and was completed Feb. 26. Maintenance dredging was completed in accordance with the Corps comprehensive Programmatic Sediment Management Plan (PSMP) during the annual winter in-water work window, Dec. 15 the river. Maintenance dredging last occurred in the lower Snake River navigation channel in the winter of 2005-2006. Navigation on the lower Snake River is now safer, said Lt. Col. Timothy Vail, Walla Walla District Commander. We considered potential alternatives, determined dredging was the only effective short-term tool for addressing problem sediment that had accumulated to the point of interfering with navigation, and successfully completed maintenance dredging during the designated winter work window.Corps completes Snake-Clearwater rivers maintenance DREDGING wheat. 7INTERCOM 6Photos by Elizabeth Lovelady 7


9 INTERCOM 8 The Mill Creek Flood Control Project was completed in 1942 and protection for the City of Walla Walla. Currently, the Mill Creek Project levees fail to comply with U.S. Army Corps of Engineers vegetation standards used to ensure reliability, resiliency and operability of levee, Non-compliant vegetation on levees blocks visibility for and adds uncertainty to structural performance and reliability, which contribute to a breach or a delay in emergency response. Since 1975, the Corps has completed several actions at the project related to reservoir and levee seepage. In the mid-1980s, vegetation was removed from inside the creek channel, but not the landward side of the levees. Wind storms in 2008 and 2012 uprooted trees, causing damage to the levee cross section which required repairs to ensure levee integrity. The Corps regularly inspects its levees to monitor their overall taking place and provide information about the levees on which the public relies. Inspection information also contributes to risk assessments and supports levee accreditation decisions for the National Flood Insurance Program administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Corps levee vegetation standards require removal of woody vegetation from the levee crown, and to a distance of 15 feet from the levee toe on both sides of the levee or to the project right-of-way, whichever is closer. Roots growing into the cross section provide a seepage to occur, putting the integrity of the embankment at risk of failure. This is about public safety Life safety is paramount for the Corps operations, said Frank Wachob, a civil engineer in Walla Walla Districts Geotechnical Section. With the trees on the levee, we wouldnt be able to see if problems were developing during a heavy equipment to construct reinforcements. Ensuring these levees meet required safety standards is a multipleyear effort. The following tasks need to occur: the maintenance zone cleared, stumps removed, levee structure repaired and grasses planted. We are considering the environment The Corps has gone to great effort to minimize the amount of woody vegetation that needs to be removed, Wachob explained. We surveyed the levees and measured the maintenance zone from the base of the original design slope (called the toe) instead of the actual physical slope, which extends far beyond the design toe in many locations. biologist inspected the trees prior to removal. The Corps maintains about two-thirds of Mill Creek Project lands for habitat purposes (412 of 612 total acres). We estimate less than 6 acres of woody vegetation will need to be removed from the levee maintenance zone. Once the zone is cleared and levee repairs completed, grasses will be planted to improve the aesthetics and naturally, Wachob added. Photos by Jennifer McFadden Allen By Gina Baltrusch Photos by Jeremy Nguyen


11 INTERCOM 10 S.T.E.M.Science, Technology, Engineering & Math Supporting women in science at Walla Walla encourage young women to consider pursuing science and and college recruiting events in 2015.Photos by Joe Saxon Engineering Week Encouraging young minds to pursue their dreams in science & technology School to drop their eggs. The goal was to see which projects could withstand a drop U.S. Army Corps of Engineers photos


13 INTERCOM 12 The Walla Walla District hosted more than 100 business owners here for the Corps Industry Day on Oct. 23, 2015. The event was open to those interested in learning about tools needed to do business with the Corps, upcoming contract opportunities, competing for contracts, or showcasing capabilities to Corps personnel. Our business is to give business to small business explained Ruthann Haider, the District Chief of Contracting, as she emphasized the importance of small business to the Corps. District personnel presented upcoming contracting opportunities and provided companies with staff interfaces during a roundtable discussion. Covered topics included how to respond to a sources sought and solicitations notices, how to register in the online contractor management system, and opportunities. The Walla Walla District is an economic driver in this region and actively seeks contractors to support our efforts, said Kay Baltz, Small Business Programs Manager for the Walla Walla District. I am excited with the interest industry showed in the Walla Walla District The Walla Walla District awards contracts for construction projects, Architect-Engineering studies, and supplies and services needed to operate their facilities. These contracting opportunities total $90 to $110 million annually. The Walla Walla District has hosted numerous Industry events in both Walla Walla and in Boise, Idaho. The Walla Walla Districts Contracting Facebook page (www.facebook/com/ wallawallacontracting) will keep prospective attendees updated on future events and business opportunities. Walla Walla District Contracting 1,149 Actions Worth $94,526,930.00 Photo by Jennifer McFadden Allen Veterans Day Parade Photos by Joe Saxon


Diving into Dam Maintenance By the numbers, nine projects visited, 19 dives executed, 10 missions completed, 10 days worked, 1,000 miles traveled. These Forward Response/Technical Dive/ remotely operated vehicle (ROV) Team to Walla Walla District. In total, the USACE team; comprised of members Thom Stan of Walla Walla, Todd Manny, Terry Vance and Rick Benoit of Portland, Steve England of Philadelphia and Eric Lockington St. Paul Districts, safely completed eight jobs diving, one task utilizing a ROV and another where a diver did not need to get wet. This was an exceptional opportunity for our group to demonstrate our comprehensive toolbox of capabilities, said This mission was extremely diverse and challenging as we needed to perform a complex ROV / SONAR operation, a challenging mechanical repair and a series of intricate inspections by boat and by land. During the two week mobilization, the team executed a two-day ROV / SONAR inspection of the Removal Spillway Weir at Lower inspection at the Lower Granite Construction Bridge and the Chief Timothy Park Access Bridge in Clarkston. Additionally the team replaced a dysfunctional irrigation intake at Swallows Park in Clarkston as well as performed irrigation intake pipe inspections at Skookum, 55-Mile, Lost Island and Big Flat Habitat Maintenance Units (HMUs) along the Snake River. Inspecting the RSW with SONAR and a ROV is a great opportunity to accomplish quality work underwater without needing to use divers or to put divers at risk, explained Manny, NWPs Program Manager for ROV operations. Because of the complexities of diving this large structure and the risk of entanglement to divers, this was a perfect situation to use our ROV. The team used its ROV / SONAR equipment, which according to Manny cost about $200,000, to evaluate the 10year old RSWs structural integrity and survey for debris such as logs and trash which interfere with the units function of Our Swallows Park job to me was by far was our most challenging and rewarding Diver tender Todd Manny performs an equipment check on diver Marty Crosson 15, 2015. mission, said Benoit who serves as the Walla Walla and Portland Districts Dive Coordinator. Theres nothing like rooting thru 10 only your instincts and sense of touch. Unable to use lights due to black-water conditions, divers were required to locate a pipe connection burred in 10 feet of mud, cut thru the 12-inch wide, half inch thick pipe using a hand-saw, dig a during the teams two days at Swallows Park. One of the most memorable parts of our mission was the job, said team Professional Engineer (PE) Steve England, a civil engineer from Philadelphia District. Project Manager Jamie Howard called the Swallows Park mission work from across USACE Districts and Divisions, a dedication to work until the mission was accomplished. Highlighting this missions inter-District and Division collaboration were its underwater bridge inspections which required execution in accordance with the USACE Bridge Safety Program and its Engineering Regulation (ER) 1110-2-11. To comply with Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Army Corps regulations and National Bridge Inspection Standards inspectors from USACE Districts in the Northwest and Northeast; Portland and Philadelphia. Accordingly, all underwater structural surveys will be conducted divers every 60 to 72 months or as required by the structures condition. Bridges must be surveyed according to National Bridge Inspection Standards (NBIS) and USACE has a limited roster of These bridge inspections are a great example of how we can reach across Districts and Divisions to get the job done appropriately according to regulation. Benoit and NWP Deputy Dive Coordinator and ROV Program inspections on the Construction Road Bridge at Lower Granite Dam and the Chief Timothy Park Access Bridge in Clarkston, Wash. With limited recreation budgets, using the in house dive team was cost effective for these shallow dives that don't require a (recompression) chamber or a need for contracted commercial divers, said Marty Mendiola, who as the Lower Granite Operations Project Manager oversees Swallows Park, as well as the two bridges which span the Snake River. In addition, these maintenance activities generally run into unexpected conditions. the change is within capabilities of the crew) versus a contract Initially, weather greatly assisted the Bridge and Swallows Park missions with unseasonably mild temperatures in the 50s, calm winds and smooth water. However, week two was not so kind when the team performed its underwater irrigation intake pipe inspections on the Snake River between Ice Harbor and Little Goose dams as temperatures plunged to below freezing with wind chills near zero. River dive sites needed to be accessed from land due to poor weather. One site, 55-Mile HMU, was accessed by boat. This was by far the most interesting albeit coldest part of our mission, said dive tender Terry Vance. Interesting because we were traveling to and diving in water surrounded by some of the most rugged but beautiful scenery the Snake River offers. Unfortunately, the areas beauty did not make up for how cold it was. 15 INTERCOM 14


17INTERCOM 16 Top: Crescent Island. Two Caspian tern colonies in the Columbia River plateau region are major contributors to predation related losses of Endangered Species Act (ESA) salmonids migrating through the mid-Columbia River. These two colonies, at Goose Island, (Potholes Reservoir, Grant County, WA) bottom left, and Crescent Island (McNary Reservoir, Walla Walla County, WA), are the largest tern colonies within the mid-Columbia River. The Corps and Bureau of Reclamation developed the Inland Avian Predation Management Plan (IAPMP) to decrease predation on ESA-listed salmonids by terns at these two locations and throughout the mid-Columbia River as necessary. Implementation of the IAPMP began at Goose Island in 2014 and at Crescent Island in 2015 through use of passive and active tern dissuasion efforts including limited tern egg take under permit. To help further reduce predation nesting habitat for terns was constructed in southern San Francisco Bay where predation rates on ESA-listed species by terns is known to be lower. Additional tern nesting habitat is including at other Corps constructed sites, completed as part of a Caspian tern management plan for the Columbia River estuary. Managing Avian PredationBirds consume more than 20 million migrating juvenile salmon each year from the Columbia and Snake rivers. In 2008, the National Marine Fisheries Service issued a Biological Opinion (BiOp) to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), and Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) collectively referred to as the federal Action Agenciesfor operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) through 2018. As part of a broad suite of actions were advised to further evaluate the impacts outmigrating juvenile salmon and steelhead through the mid-Columbia River, develop a management plan to decrease predation rates, and implement the plan if warranted. As a result, the Corps and Reclamation developed an Inland Avian Predation Management Plan (or IAPMP) to address the effects Caspian terns nesting at these sites have on Endangered Species Act (ESA) listed salmon and steelhead. The Plan, developed using the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process, aims to redistribute Caspian terns from Goose and Crescent Island nesting colonies to other nesting sites in the western U.S. to reduce impacts on Columbia and Snake River ESA-listed salmon and steelhead. Implementation of the Plan began in 2014 at Goose Island, and resulted in reduced predation on ESA-listed salmon and The Plan includes attraction measures at alternative nesting habitat and dissuasion of Caspian terns from Goose and Crescent islands. Long-term dissuasion of Caspian terns from these two sites will be implemented through passive measures including installation of rope and Additional active dissuasion measures including bird hazing efforts are anticipated to occur each nesting season through 2018. As part of the Plan, the Corps and Reclamation, in collaboration with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, created alternative Caspian tern nesting habitat at Don Edwards National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in San Francisco Bay in California prior to the spring 2015 Caspian tern nesting season. Creation of this alternative nesting habitat is intended to attract Caspian terns outside of the Columbia River basin to a location where predation on ESA-listed species is known to be lower. Corps also improves alternative Caspian tern nesting habitat Tern habitart construction in San Francisco Bay, Calif. This habitat at Don Edwards National Wildlife Refuge is now available along with other alternative Caspian tern nesting habitat throughout the western U.S. range of Caspian terns. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers photos


19 INTERCOM 18 The Lower Granite Lock and Dam Juvenile Fish Facility. *3 screens per turbine unitThe overall upgrade includes: transportation channel so it will move to an exterior elevated concrete channel. water supply. Granite Lock and Dam each year, with an average juvenile survival rate of about 95 to 96 percent. Additional improvements are facilities at Ice Harbor Lock and Dam, Lower Monumental Lock and Dam, and Little Goose Lock and Dam during the 1980s and 1990s. These improvements contributed to juvenile survival improvement, when those juveniles return from the ocean several years later. When upgrades are complete, long-term operations and maintenance costs should also be reduced. Construction of Lower Granite JFF upgrades is divided across two phases, termed Phase 1a and Phase 1b. Phase 1a Construction started in January 2015 and will be complete by February 2017. transportation piping from the dam to the JFF by replacing underground pressure pipe and replacing it with an above-ground screen-covered channel about 2,700 feet long, or more than half channel will be 25 to 30 feet above ground, or several stories tall. channel will be about 1,400 cubic yards, or 265 dump truck loads. The primary dewatering unit is 20-25 feet above ground and is made of about 1,700 cubic yards of concrete, or more than 200 concrete truckloads. There will be more than 65 concrete columns structure. The Phase 1a contract for $48.3 million was awarded to Garco Construction, Inc., of Spokane, Washington, in September 2014. Including options awarded in November 2014, the total contract cost is now about $50 million. Phase 1b Construction in February 2017. Pending completion of project plans and walkway and a bird-deterrent water cannon. Project Funding The Corps of Engineers provides hydropower to the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), which is the lead federal agency for the federal power grid BPA subsequently provides funding directly for, or through reimbursement to the Treasury, for various Corps projects and implementation. The Lower Granite Juvenile Fish Facility upgrade is one of those efforts. This JFF upgrade projects funding comes from the Columbia River Fish Mitigation (CRFM) program, which is intended to address the Endangered Species Act Biological Opinion. Ken McIntyre, part of NOAA Fisheries staff at Lower Granite Dam, displays a wild steelhead at the Lower Granite Fish Trap. Photo by Jennifer McFadden Allen 19 INTERCOM 18U.S. Army Corps of Engineers photos


21 INTERCOM 20 The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers operates the four lower Snake River dams, and the best available science and economic analyses clearly show the Snake River dams provide outstanding value to the Nation. Snake River dams deliver clean, renewable hydropower, an at a very reasonable cost while successfully coexisting These projects generate about $200 million annually in electricity, and help move 3.5 million tons of cargo, worth $1.5 billion, to regional markets. In 2012, nearly 10 percent of the nations wheat exports moved through this system. These dams also provide 2.8 million visitors a year with recreation opportunities. emit to generate the same amount of power. Snake River dams are able to meet peak power loads using turbines that can be adjusted in seconds. to integrate highly-variable wind energy into the power grid. When the wind speed changes, some power source has to be immediately ready to add or reduce power to keep the grid stable; hydropower provides that capability. Coal and nuclear power plants require hours for their power output to be adjusted. The energy produced by the lower Snake River Dams is also relatively inexpensive. the past decade including in 2014 when Chinook and Dam. Since 2009 there have been record returns for steelhead, sockeye and coho past Lower Granite Dam. Northwest starting in the 1800s due to pollution and silting from mining operations; habitat destruction from operations grew from one cannery in 1866 to more than 50 by 1900. Also, numerous private and public dams cut Snake River dams. Corps scientists, biologists and engineers reduced the effects of dam building and operations by researching, designing, building and equipping the lower Snake ladders to swim through the lower Snake River dams. ladders exceeds 99 percent. Corps scientists, biologists and engineers team with this science-based approach is working. The Walla Walla District is on track to meet performance standards and 93 percent for summer migrants through each lower Snake River dam. The next generation power turbines are coming to Ice Harbor Dam starting this spring (below), while District staff upgrade the Lower Granite Dams Juvenile Fish Facility (page 18). The lower Snake River dams provide outstanding value to the Nation, and the Corps of Engineers is committed to ensuring these important national resources are well maintained to serve future generations in an environmentally responsible manner. providing outstanding Value to the Nation New turbines like the one pictured above, will come online at Ice Harbor Lock and Dams powerhouse starting this spring. The new turbines Photo by Voith Construction By Joe Saxon Photos by David G. Rigg Photo by David H. Lewis U.S. Army Corps of Engineers photo


23 INTERCOM 22 How do Spillway Weirs work?Spillway weirs, Monumetal controlled descent to the fore capacity dur What are the types of Spillway Weirs? 2nd Generation RemoveableT permanent structure that Air is added or removed from tanks incorporated into the structure to either raise it up to its operational position in the spillway, or lower it to its stowed Adjustable and lowered as needed to change discharge over the weir to manage water levels during spring run-off or summer operations. Surface passage structures are now in place at Snake River dams. What is a Spillway Weir? Spillway weirs INTERCOM 22 conservation initiative in the years. Photo by David G. Rigg 23


25 INTERCOM 24 Fish Survival trending upwards sensors and hydraulic modeling to spillway weir conditions at other projects. These was separating from the ogee above the Harbor Dam spillway chute resulting in an the RSW crest. To address the high injury result from the 2005 study, District engineers designed Harbors spillbay 2 in 2014. The new shape included decreasing the slope of the ogee and providing a gentler Spillbay 2 construction was complete in March, 2015 and biological testing occurred in April. Yearling Chinook salmon supplied by Dworshak National Fish Hatchery were balloon and radio tagged and directly released into spillbay 2 to pass the RSW at one and a half feet above the crest, identical to the 2005 study. resulting in estimated 48 hour survival of approximately 98 percent and only one and a half percent injury. Relative to the 2005 study results, it is clear that the redesign and reshaping of spillbay 2 was a tremendous success and will provide a migrating smolts passing Ice Harbors most Fish survival through each spillway weir at Corps Snake River Dams is 95-100% Spillway Weirs help increase fish survivalTo improve the effectiveness of spillway District biologists and engineers came together to design and install spillway weirs at the Districts lower Snake River permanent spillway weir was installed at Lower Granite in 2001. Juvenile anadromous salmonids (i.e. salmon and steelhead [smolts]), in the Columbia River Basin generally migrate in the upper 10 to 20 feet of the water column. However, passage routes at dams on the lower Columbia and Snake Rivers require smolts to dive to depths of 45 to 60 feet to enter a passage route, such as a powerhouse intake. Differences between the depth of migrating smolts and the depth of traditional dam passage routes can result in delays in migration and increased exposure to predators as smolts search for a passage route. Generally, spillway weirs draw spill from the top 10 to 15 feet of the water column providing a constant velocity draw with a hydraulic signature extending upstream to 400 feet into the forebay encompassing the depth of out-migrating smolts. for smolts, thus increasing the proportion of smolts passing a dam via spillway compared to powerhouse and generally decreasing passage and migration delays. A removable spillway weir (RSW) was installed in spillbay 2 at Ice Harbor Dam in 2005. As with all new construction and District biologists evaluated injury and survival of smolts passing the new RSW. Study results estimated smolt injury released near the RSW crest. The injury to post construction evaluation results for other spillway weirs; however, the injury rates for smolts passing close to the crest were much higher than expected relative to spillway weirs at other Projects. Forty eight hour survival was estimated at approximately 96 percent and the high injury rate for smolts passing close to the crest may translate to delayed mortality and increased predation in the tailrace. Approximately 25 percent to 75 percent of out-migrating smolts pass Ice Harbor Dam via the RSW, thus identifying the cause of and addressing the high injury rates for smolts passing near the RSW crest is important to improving survival for District hydraulic engineers compared Ice Harbor Dam RSW passage data from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Photos


27 INTERCOM 26 agency, BPA markets wholesale electricity from the regions 31 federal dams, and in return funds the operations, maintenance and capital improvements at the hydropower plants. The Corps of Engineers, McNary Dams owner, and its partners are now in the home stretch of the project to replace the original Eisenhower-era windings with state-of-the-art components. Besides BPA, the project partners are contractor Andritz Hydro and the Corps own Hydroelectric Design Center in Portland, Ore. The labor-intensive project is expected to wrap up this fall. During the painstaking installation process, the 1,044 bars must be bonded by hand in a high-temperature process called brazing, using a torch at more than 1,000 degrees. We had a steep learning curve on the project, but we improved every year, Spillane said. Weve had some really great teamwork with BPA and HDC (the hydro design center). When weve hit challenges, weve done a lot of effective problem-solving. Weve been tested over and over, and our team unity is very strong. To have a revolving roster of two generators disassembled challenging to meet an array of vital and often competing objectives. Beyond producing a certain amount of electricity to serve the Northwests demand hour to hour, McNary Dam also provides the voltage support that keeps the regional transmission grid stable in the era of variable wind power, as well as the demand, when every available generator is needed for operational juggling act. When I saw the original schedule for the stator replacements, I impressive. The project is part of a sequence of capital investments in the 31 dams of the Federal Columbia River Power System, which provide As part of their broader asset strategy, BPA and the Corps decided it would be cost-effective to invest in better stators, with the capacity to produce 18 percent more power from the same amount of water. The insulation material is also next generation, with more protection in a thinner epoxy material. Streamlined insulation makes more room for larger, more powerful copper stator bars nested in the same space. Each piece of copper contains the potential to generate a particular amount of electricity, BPA electrical engineer Jack Kolze explained: The plant at McNary has 1,044 bars of copper. Each one produces about 67 kilowatts enough power to run 45 hair dryers. Put all of them together and you would be able to operate 46,980 hair dryers at high heat at the same time. The next-generation stators are sized to accommodate the likely replacement of McNarys 14 aging hydroelectric turbines with This shows foresight for the future, Roberts says. McNary is a really robust plant. They built it to last. With this project, youve reset the asset, as far as windings, for another 50 years and youve also provided the potential for increased capacity. Thats a winwin. To the untrained eye, its a box of copper planks. But these wands, called stator bars, are where the magic happens in hydroelectric generation. Kathy Spillane says stators are the hidden key to transforming the muscle of the Columbia River into the low-cost, carbon-free has successfully led an $86 million federal project to replace 1,044 of them at McNary Dam would certainly know. The stator windings are the invisible piece of the hydro plant, part of the mystery people dont understand, says Spillane, a project manager with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. But theyre really the heart of the generator. Tim Roberts, the dams chief of maintenance, agrees: It is like magic. Its magnetic theory you cant see it; you just have to believe it. And thats where it happens. McNarys original stator windings had been producing electricity virtually 24/7 since the dam went into full service in 1957 near Umatilla, Ore. Its powerhouse, at mile 292 from the mouth of the Columbia River, produces 980 megawatts at full capacity enough to support about 686,000 homes. Thats more than the households in the cities of Seattle and Portland combined. After half a century of service, the trusty magic of McNarys stators began to fade in the early 2000s. The old insulation wrapping the metal bars had deteriorated, raising the risk of highvoltage faults (electrical shorts) that jeopardized safe and reliable de-rated. That means they could only be safely operated at partial capacity, something akin to always having to drive 20 mph below the speed limit. Thats why the ratepayers of the Bonneville Power Administration are investing $86 million at McNary Dam to install new stator windings on 10 generators, helping secure its jumper. preps for the replacement project. Stator Winding Replacement. 27 INTERCOM 26U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Photos


29 INTERCOM 28 Top left: Top Right: challenges. Supporting partners and stakeholdersRight: INTERCOM 28 Photos by David Walsh, Bureau of Reclamation 29Photos by Dean Holecek


31 INTERCOM 30 2015 Graduates Top: Environmental Resource Specialist Anneli Colter, Power Plant Mechanical Planner Gerry Giedeman, Power Plant Electrician Joe Walker, Project Manager Nic Ivy, Electrical Electronic Crafts worker Travis Jensen, Natural Resources Specialist (Ranger) Brandon Frazier, Small Business Program Deputy Kay Baltz, Mechanical Engineer Wes Brown, Senior Accountant Sergio Chavez, Front: Planning Study Specialist Karen Kelly, Administrative Assistant Tandy Taylor, Class Facilitator Lauri Murphy. Not pictured: Above: The LDP class visits Arrowrock Dam in Boise.U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Photos Brig. Gen. Spellmon visits the Walla Walla District Northwestern Division commander, and John recreational vessel lock through during his visit part of a three-day information gathering trip.Photos by Jennifer McFadden Allen Welcome to Lower Monumental Lock and Dam


33 INTERCOM 32 Construction of McNary Lock and Dams new potable water distribution system was completed and put into service on Nov. 20. The old water tank (Top) was demolished. The nearly year-long construction effort replaced McNarys original potable water distribution system, located on the southern shoreline of the Columbia River, just east of the City of Umatilla, Ore., which had been in use for more than 50 years. As the old system neared the end of its design-life, pipes and valves deteriorated, pressure capability decreased, and irrigation water system and other operational requirements. Work to build the new water system began in January and included extensive planning to meet current construction-design standards. About half of the 22-foot-tall new concrete water tank was buried below ground and an earthen berm placed on three sides, up against the tank, to present a lower water view to nearby homeowners. water system completedPhotos by Terry Zerb As the Lady Washington emerged from the hazy mist, the crowd, which was now gathered at McNary Lock and Dam, began to clamor. More than 75 visitors, as well as countless children, waited with anticipation along the railing, as the Lady Washington locked past the dam on its way to Arlington, Ore. Giving the Public a View of History 33


35 INTERCOM 34 Corps ramps up volunteer support Hood Park gets recycled fire hose fender President Steve Seeman, maintenance work leader Dave McDonald, Photos Courtesy of the Walleye Anglers Unlimited and reservoirs provide recreational opportunities during the nearly 8 million visits each year. experience through its rec sites. during a June 5 ceremony, under a new Corps lease with the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission. Our natural resources staff and dedicated volunteers worked hard to from permanently closing during the past 13 years of dwindling recreation District Commander Vail told ceremony attendees. All of their efforts were worth part of the State Southeastern Washington visitor destinations near the to offer all types of outdoor recreation enthusiasts. towns visitors drive through on the way to emote parks. Visitors come for the stunning scenery, cool waters and outdoor recreation opportunities, and often U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Photos 35


37 INTERCOM 36 istrict round the Retiree Day Back row: Dave Chandler, Dave Parker, Rose Marie Moore, Betty Shirley Fowler, and Gary Willard. Stewart, Allison Needham, and Cristina Vega.Commemorating Breast Cancer Awareness Renshaw, Toni Minthorn-Cordell, Veteran Service Representative and Program Manager with Indian Reservation, was the keynote Walla Walla County Fair Booth Jennifer Rand and Tonya French from the show the holiday packages Walla Walla District employees are donating to needy families. They said, This holiday season we would like to thank all the generous employees of the Walla Walla USACE. The on the faces of 47 children from Friends of Children of Walla Walla and 50 seniors from Powerhouse, Eagle Run and Quail Run. Our employees have also donated a this year for a variety of local charities. ACE facilitates several events throughout the their families, and also gives support to spring. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers photos 37 INTERCOM 36


Top left: Kids, young and old, enjoy the Corps Day water slide. competition Bottom right: Miss Vail smiles and shows off her lunch and spending time with her friends and coworkers. Top: Corps employee get competitive 39 INTERCOM 38


41 INTERCOM 40 Second Q uarter Third Q uarterGreg P. Moody is the Districts expert for critical Adult Fish Passage Program and one of a few trusted professionals, on the topic, within the Northwestern Division. Greg was selected as employee of the quarter for going above and beyond his typical great job to an exceptional job! Greg provided extraordinarily strong guidance, worked collaboratively and found success with NOAA Fisheries, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and local Tribes to resolve These efforts ensured the return of adult ESA-listed Snake River Sockeye to Stanley Basin spawning grounds, the Nez Perce Tribes and the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlifes hatchery programs. Additionally, Greg restructured and wrote a multifaceted, nearly half a million dollar, interagency agreement with the U.S. Department of Agricultures Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service to reduce the predation of threatened and endangered juvenile Greg has earned the respect of his team, the District, the Division and his professional counterparts in our partnering agencies. He is not only a team player, but a solid leader, and an attribute to the Walla Walla District USACE! Martin J. Evans was award for outstanding efforts while serving as Mechanical Engineer at Little Goose Lock and Dam. Evans was instrumental to the success of the project during the 1st quarter. He provided sound technical support, coordination, and leadership to the project on a variety of technical issues. Martin was critical in working with maintenance, to resolve a multitude of issues affecting the projects Waste Water Treatment Plant. Evans is a credit to himself, the Walla Walla District, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Joe W. Rosenthal. The 2nd quarter of FY15 at Lower Granite Project was the beginning of primary and subcontractors have descended upon Lower Granite. Beyond supervising a crew of 17 mechanics, Joe interfaces with construction and the contractors on a daily basis. Every day Joe and the mechanical crew accommodate contractor activities to assist with shifting priorities. He does a great job juggling priorities of the Project with the extensive construction work. His and navlock work season. Rosenthal provides the glue to keep all these activities held together and moving forward in unison to accomplish the mission. of the Q uarter mployees First Q uarter Ricardo Guzman provided the level of expertise in electrical substation design we were hoping to gain, but he also provided a thorough knowledge of what should be included in the cost estimate for the substation and the reasonableness of the project schedule. Ricardos support to NNSA for this technical review was impeccable. Cheryl A. Chatman for outstanding efforts while serving as administrative support assistant for mission support section. Chatman was pivotal in bringing Mission Support up to standards with limited resources. She single-handedly processed and distributed 298 Time In Service Awards; 18 Commanders Award for Civilian Service; 14 Spousal Awards and numerous no projects and performed more than $30,000 in government purchase card (GPC) transactions while maintaining currently assigned duties. Ms. Cheryl Chatman is a credit to herself, the Walla Walla District, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Fourth Q uarter Ruth Johnson successfully completed 48 contract actions in the quarter, double the number of actions of the next closest purchasing agent. The estimated dollar value of these actions exceeds $90 million more than the base and potential option years. That compares to the $94 million total obligations for FY15 as accomplished from the 32-member contracting team. The majority of the $90 million awarded was comprised of the 18 master Blanket Purchase Agreements valued at $1 million each for the base and four option years ($5 million ceiling x 18 agreements). Ruth volunteered to take on this new initiative by the ability to place orders up to $15,000 at decentralized sites for recurring maintenance supplies. No other District within NWD has been able to implement such a process and they are eager to model similar programs off the successes trail blazed by Ms. Johnson. Stacie Roff, is an absolutely fantastic Administrative Assistant; she happily takes on any that, she is always very friendly, positive, and respectful to every employee who asks her for help. Due to severe personnel shortages, Stacie has been providing additional administration, time keeping, errand running, and purchasing assistance to the JFF staff so that their biologists can maintain their focus on their mission. She tackles every deadline comes to her, and she does everything in her power to take care of the people that keep Little Goose running. Stacie has handled all of these extra stresses and responsibilities with enthusiasm and boundless energy. 41 INTERCOM 40


43 INTERCOM 42 2015 wards orps ayE ngineering E xcellence O utstanding A chievement N ew E mployee o f T he Y ear P MBP P roponent Q uality P roponent P ublic O utreach/ S TEM S upportPhil Auth is a registered Professional Engineer who possesses the aptitude, personality and work ethic which epitomizes Engineering Excellence. Auth began his career with the Walla Walla District in 2002 after receiving his masters degree. Since his arrival, Auth has been an involved community member and an extremely valuable representative of not only Mechanical Design, but of the Walla Walla District. More importantly than the success of the projects, Auths efforts have helped established the case studies and standards that will be the basis of future designs and ensure sustained success. passage, Phil has been instrumental in the design of the Lower Granite JFF last year and the Little Goose Prototype Adjustable Spillway Weir this year. Phils design illustrates Engineering Excellence through environmental stewardship, simplicity of operation, and end user coordination. Douglas Weldy is a GS-12 Lead Construction Control Representative for Construction Branch, Upper Snake/Clearwater Wash. He has been with Construction Branch for six and a half years, but has worked for the Federal Government for 11 years, including a position as the Environmental Compliance Coordinator at Lower Granite Dam. He excels at monitoring contractor performance, documenting issues, enforcing safety standards, and coordinating the contractors activities with customers. Over the last year, Weldy has gone over and above, offering assistance on special projects and operating policy issues for the branch, such as assisting with scheduling, workload management, capability has served Construction Branch and the District very well. Daniel Byrd is one of Walla Walla Districts key team members, demonstrating exceptional technical skills along with a dedicated attitude toward his co-workers, McNary Dam, and the USACE mission. His performance went beyond the expectations of his positions and resulted in keeping personnel and equipment safe through all aspects of the un-watering process, outage repairs and re-watering the Navlock. Byrd has also been a lead for the General Maintenance section on the head gate rehab job. His ability to think ahead and plan lifts around outages and rewinds has saved a number of man/hrs and reduced the number of overtime hours need to support this projects. Byrd has continually demonstrated his excellent abilities and professionalism as a General Maintenance Dual Rate Rigger. His outstanding support on the Headgate Rehab, Main Unit 14 upper bearing bracket repair, and Navlock 2015 outage was exceptional. He is a credit to himself, McNary Project, the Walla Walla District, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.S upport E mployee o f T he Y earTeresa Murphy as Secretary and Timekeeper within Engineering & Construction Division for Design Branch. This is a new position to her after being secretary for the H&H Branch of this position, as well as extra responsibilities required during challenging staff transition periods within E&C. Murphy provides exemplary clerical support for 74 employees during which time she received high audit scores for both timekeeping (including overtime) documentation and for purchase card use. Murphy, while in her new position as Design Branch Secretary after leaving H&H Branch, provided excellent side-support to H&H Branch (directly and indirectly working with student interns) for more than a month before a new secretary could be hired as her replacement. She is still helping H&H Branch with small procurements using her credit card authority to make sure their needs are accounted for. Bill Dull spent several years working on navy ships as Lead Technical Engineer. His days as a civil service electrical engineer started on Feb. 24, 2014. Bill showed much courage and technical abilities to become the voice of McNary on several large capital during the onsite construction. was witness to a very serious accident when the vanpool was heading to work from Walla Walla in April 2015. Bill immediately treatment to stop the bleeding as two others from the vanpool ambulance arrived. Bill consistently comes to work early before his duty hours to prepare for the days activities. Mr. Dull continues to increase his leadership qualities through his initiatives and commitment for excellence. Bills leadership abilities and his technical insight into improvement on equipment and process have proven to be invaluable. Steven Hartman the value and sustained mission focus for numerous projects is Steves focus on quality products, active project oversight throughout the life of the project, from kick-off to close-out leads to success on all of his projects. He helped Design Branch communicate the need to HDC to have all designers work on the Powerhouse Bridge Crane projects has been exemplary as product. Steve has been dedicated not only to his assigned projects, but has been called upon to respond to emergencies during the districts navigation lock outages at Little Goose and at McNary. Lori Corbett is an outstanding asset in performing reviews of versed in the requirements unique to each section and part covered The demands on the technical staff at the operating projects have always made it a challenge to get quality reviews from their perspective (the O in BCOES). This past year a notable review she did for her sister project, Ice Harbor dam, was a prime example. The Ice Harbor Turbine Installation and Rewind of Units 1-3 is an important project to the successful installation of the new turbine runners. Her review was costs. Loris desire to see a quality product and her dedication to ensuring a quality review is accomplished make her an invaluable asset to the team. Brian Schnick and STEM Support Award. He is a physical scientist in the General Engineering Section, Design Branch, Engineering and Construction Division. Brian leads numerous Enterprise Geographic Information System (eGIS) activities. He has established his commitment to get the eGIS knowledge out and to encourage others to take an interest in its related physical sciences. He routinely educates others about the vital roles of the Walla Walla District eGIS efforts by collaborating, coordinating, and outreach with local, regional, and national committees, local agencies and schools. collaboration with the local Walla Walla Community College Engineering Technical Program and its students, his involvement with the regional SE Washington and NE Oregon GIS Professional User Group, and his participation with the USACE National Committee on Spatial Data Standards for Facilities, Infrastructure, and Environment. Campaign Coordinator Sarah 43 INTERCOM 42 Becky Crump is an Engineering Technician in the responsible for a variety of tasks including several critical Dam Safety and Instrumentation tasks. This year has had some unique Becky executed her normal instrumentation monitoring and reporting duties in her typical, high quality manner. She stepped in ensuring that the collection schedule was maintained, coordinated with the project, and then trained incoming personnel on the requirements. Becky is an outstanding asset who always puts forth maximum effort. She has the responsibility of maintaining the Emergency their information for the annual updates. impact are felt at many levels of our organization.


INTERCOM 44 Position:Emergency Management (EM) Specialist in Operations Division in the Emergency Management Branch I started working for the Corps of Engineers as a student aide during my junior/ senior year at WA-HI. After graduation I started my first permanent position in Contracting as a File Clerk in 1973. A few years later I accepted a position in the Office of Administrative Services which years later became Information Management Office which provided me the opportunity to become an Information Technology Specialist. In 2008 I was given an opportunity to become an Emergency Management Specialist in Operations Division in Emergency Management Branch which is now Readiness Office. Describe your job.My job as an EM specialist entailed supporting deployment of employees overseas through the Army Overseas Contingency Operations program. I also supported the Walla Walla Power Team (PRT) to disaster areas to restore power by distribution of generators. What are some of the challenges youve faced in your current position? The biggest challenges I faced were deploying employees and teams out during emergencies within a very short time frame to meet mission requirements.Describe accomplishments youve experienced with your job. Deploying the Walla Walla PRT to Hurricane Sandy. Receiving HQ and NWD Commander Coins for having one of the highest levels of USACE employees deployed under the Overseas Contingency Operations program. Deployment of NWW-REACT mass notification system at the Walla Walla District. What is the most rewarding part of your job? The most rewarding part of my job was helping people in disaster areas and being able to be a part of my team members successes. Being able to get our people where they needed and getting them back home safely. Please share a notable milestone or memory with the Corps. I was proud to be able to serve and support my Walla Walla District team for 42 years.CORPS Im with the PAID Larry Roberson