Citation
The Florida cattleman and livestock journal

Material Information

Title:
The Florida cattleman and livestock journal
Abbreviated Title:
Fla. cattlem. livest.
Creator:
Florida State Cattlemen's Association
Florida Cattlemen's Association
Place of Publication:
Kissimmee, Fla
Publisher:
Cody Publications
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Monthly
regular
Language:
English
Edition:
Volume 51 no.10 July, 1987
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 30 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Cattle trade -- Periodicals -- Florida ( lcsh )
Cattle -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Dairying -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Cattle ( fast )
Cattle trade ( fast )
Dairying ( fast )
Florida ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with vol. 8, no. 7 (Apr. 1944).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 8, nos. 7-11 (Apr.-Aug. 1944) are misprinted v. 7, nos. 7 -11. Vol. 9, no. 2 (Nov. 1944) misprinted as v. 8, no. 2.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 11, no. 5 (Feb. 1947) misprinted as v. 11, no. 4, but then from v. 11, no. 6 through v. 12, no. 1 the misprint is 2 issues off until it was corrected with v. 12, no. 3 (Dec. 1947), for instance, v. 12, no. 2 is misprinted as v. 11, no. 12.
Numbering Peculiarities:
In January 1974, two issues were published: v. 38, no. 4, and a "progress edition" numbered v. 38, no. 5. That issue throws off the numbering of the issues for the rest of the volume, so v. 38, no. 12 is August instead of September. They fix it by having both the September and October 1974 issues called v. 39, no. 1.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 52, no. 10 (July 1988) was misprinted as v. 52, no. 11.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 53, no. 12 to v. 54 no. 8 were misprinted one issue off as v. 53, no. 11 to v. 54, no. 7. This was corrected with v. 54, no. 9 (June 1990).
Issuing Body:
Official publication of: Florida State Cattlemen's Association, <Mar. 1945->; of: Florida Cattlemen's Association, <Oct. 1960->
Funding:
Funded by Project Ceres, a collaboration between the United States Agricultural Information Network (USAIN), the Agriculture Network Information Collaborative (AgNIC) and the Center for Research Libraries (CRL).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Florida Cattlemen's Association
Rights Management:
Copyright, Florida Cattlemen's Association. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
09105128 ( OCLC )
sc 88010916 ( LCCN )
0015-3958 ( ISSN )
ocm09105128
Classification:
637 ( ddc )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Florida cattleman and dairy journal

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Full Text
032611LIROOO CK12SLU MR01 P K YONGE LIBRARY OF
FLOlRIDA HISTORY UNIV OF FLORIDA GAINESVILLE FL 326-




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OAOIMarket News-305/629-5887 Thefts-i1 -800/342-5869
F LORID CIATION Governmental Affairs 904/224-7500
P.O. Box 1929, Ph: 305/846-6221, Kissimmee FL 32742-1929 President
Arky E. Rogers, Lake City
Phone 904/752-2103
President-Elect
-Dan B. Childs, Lake Placid
Phone 813/465-3628
Vice Presidents
- Tommy Clay, Jr., Grandin
Andy Tucker, Rockledge
Rogers Clay Baldwin Secretary
Leroy Baldwin, Ocala
Treasurer
Paul Genho, Melbourne
Executive Vice President
Bob Price, Kissimmee
Ex. Director, Fla. Beef Council
Polly Golden, Winter Park
Governmental Affairs Director
Childs Tucker Genho Patrick M. McCaffrey, Tallahassee
Past Presidents Henry Douglas, Zephyrhills Alfred R. Tucker, Sr., Flagler Marion Tidwell, Northwest
G. H. Prather (Deceased) Harvey A. Dahl, Melbourne Bob Bond, Gilchrist Howard Crowson, Okaloosa
P. E. Williams (Deceased) W. G. Welles, Arcadia Billy Peeples, Glades Joe Pearce, Okeechobee
Dave Turner (Deceased) E. D. Neel, Chipley Haywood Borders, Gulf Joe Walter, Orange
Irlo Bronson (Deceased) Ralph W. Cellon, Jr., Alachua Wayne Godwin, Hardee Charlie Bronson, Osceola
C. S. Radebaugh (Deceased) Al Bellotto, Lakeland Gene Felton, Hendry Robert Stokes, Palm Beach
Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., Frostproof Joe Marlin Hilliard, Clewiston Jim Batten, Hernando Larry Barthle, Pasco
Jay B. Starkey, St. Petersburg Derrill S. McAteer, Brooksville Edgar Stokes, Highlands Harris Fussell, Polk
B. J. Alderman (Deceased) Angelo Massaro, Hillsborough W. W. Tilton, Jr., Putnam
J. 0. Pearce, Jr., Okeechobee State Directors J. Pat Corrigan, Indian River Richard Pacetti, St. Johns
Alto Adams, Jr., Fort Pierce Ralph W. Cellon, Jr., Alachua Clyde Crutchfleld, Jackson Charlie Hamner, St. Lucie
Louis Gilbreath, Ocala Max Fleming, Bay Donald Bronson, Lake Harvey Benschoter, Sarasota
George Kempfer (Deceased) Maurice Edwards, Bradford Harry Flint, Lee Wayne Jacobs, Seminole
Ralph Cellon, Sr., Alachua Billy Kempfer, Brevard James Fogarty, Leon C. Aubrey Caruthers, Sumter
W. D. Roberts, Immokalee Gerald Cayson, Calhoun Charles Hardee, Levy Rudy Parker, Taylor
Latimer H. Turner, Sarasota Bayard Toussaint, Charlotte 0. B. Shuler, Liberty Ray Crawford, Union
Charles Lykes, Tampa Larry Rooks, Citrus George Townsend, Madison Elmer McDonald, Volusia
R. D. Bennett, Greenwood S. D. Saunders, Clay Jim Strickland, Manatee Jerry Spears, Wakulla
Thomas J. Sloan, Fort Pierce R. A. Roberts, Collier Leroy Baldwin, Marion David Faist, Walton
Pat Wilson, Frostproof Lloyd Ryals, DeSoto Jim Cowen, Martin Billy Gilbert, Washington-Holmes
Gilbert A. Tucker, Cocoa John 0. Osteen, Dixie Gil Quarrier, Nassau
Cedrick M. Smith, Jr., Wacahoota Joe Forshee, Jr., Duval Earl P. Cooper, Northwest
Report from FCA headquarters: sification. A concentrated effort is being made in
Florida's southern counties to reduce the herd inTHE 1987 FCA CONVENTION will be history by the fection rate so that Florida can move ahead with the
time readers receive this issue. It was held June 17- program as quickly as possible.
19 at a familiar place-Marriott's Marco Island Resort. Featured activities at the convention included AND, SPEAKING OF BRUCELLOSIS, Dr. Richey has
a panel discussion on the beef checkoff program. another in a series of articles dealing with the disDiscussion leaders were Al Bellotto, Lakeland, ease in this issue. This month's article is about "The
Chairman of the Florida Beef Council; Jo Ann Smith, veterinarian and the health certificate." VeterinariMicanopy, chairman of the Cattlemen's Beef Board; ans have a huge responsibility when it comes to
and Pat Adrian, chairman of the Beef Industry Coun- authorizing the movement of livestock. The article
cil. Reports indicate that the checkoff program con- appears on page 34.
tinues to run smoothly, and the promotion that it's funding continues to enhance the demand for beef. THE POLK COUNTY CATTLEMEN'S Association
has scheduled its annual calf sale. The event will THE BRUCELLOSIS ERADICATION program be held on Tuesday, August 11, at Cattlemen's Livereceived another boost recently when Commission- stock Market, Lakeland. That's a regular sale day
er of Agriculture Doyle Conner visited with cattle and the auction begins at noon. Association presiproducers in Polk and DeSoto Counties. Conner at- dent John Carter says that all classes of cattle are
tended meetings held by the Florida Brucellosis In- welcome at the event. The Polk sale is one of two
formation Committee, coordinated by Dr. Ed Richey association sponsored special sales held in Floriof the University of Florida and the Florida Cooper- da. Hillsborough/Pasco County Cattlemen's Associative Extension Service. There were no new develop- ation Special Sale was held in June at Interstate
ments, but Conner emphasized that several states Livestock Market, Seffner.
(23 at last report) are planning to restrict the movement of cattle from any state with a "C" area. Florida is one of two remaining states that fit the clasTHE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 3




4? d4 loda
JULY
3-Rollins Bull Test Sale .. ....... ... ...Mt. Berry, GA
7-l-National Jr. Angus Show ........Indianapolis, IN
17-Syler Invitation Brangus Sale ..........Industry, TX JULY 1987
19-23-Junior Beefmaster Convention ......Kerrville, TX
24-25-Ga. Limousin Field Day ......... Covington, GA VOL. 51, NO. 10 L
AUGUST ND LIVESTOCK JOURNAL
AUGUST
7-8-Mid-Atlantic Jr. Hereford Day.......Asheville, NC
Il- Polk Calf Sale .......................... Lakeland
12-14-Fla. Entomological Society ....... Daytona Beach Editor-Donald E. Berry, Director ofField Services-Charles D. Edwards, Advertising
15-Santa Gertrudis/Equipment Sale ........Orange City Coordinator-LouAnne Allen, Circulation-Helen Lyon. Write Box 1403, Kissimmee,
15-Dunkin Beeffmaster Sale .... ... Marion Junction, AL
22-Arkanas Beefmaster Field Day .......... Hope, AR Florida 32742-1403. Phone (Area 305) 846-2800. Florida Toll Free 1-800-432-9192.
29-All Polled SG Sale ...... ............Calhoun, GA
SEPTEMBER An Award Winning Publication at State & International Levels
5-Enfinger Red Angus Sale ...................... Jay Owned and Published by the Florida Cattlemen's Association
5-Southern Harvest SG Sale ............Hanceville, AL
5-7-Labor Day Rodeo ....................Okeechobee
7-Winder Smith's Angus Sale ............Wadley, GA
10-1 I-FCA Directors Meeting ........... Daytona Beach
17-Northwest Georgia Angus Sale ........Calhoun, GA
19-Southeastern Beefmaster Sale ..........Jackson, MS
21-Hewes Simbrah Sale ................Woodville, MS
OCTOBER Regular Departments... General News...
2-Cattle-Forage Field Day........................ Ona FCA Reports .................. 3 Screwworms Threaten Again.....28
2-Six R Ranch Braford Sale ............ Nashville, AR Calendar .......................4 Property Ruling Gets Praise .....38
3-River Oaks SG Bull Sale .......... Donalsonville, GA
17-Harvest of Values Simmental Sale ..... Calhoun, GA Editor's Desk ................... 6 Conner Calls For Cooperation ...40
17-Circle G Angus Sale ............... Hampton, GA Latest Statistics..6 Short Course Draws Crowd. 46
17-18-Browin Beefmaster Sale ............... Fort Myers Latest Statistics ................6 Short Course Draws Crowd......46
17-Hewes Simmental Sale..............Woodville, MS NOW It's History ...............16 Top Cows Recognized ..........64
31-Georgia Angus Classic ................Brooks, GA The Grazer ...................17 John Boy Retires ..............67
NOVEMBER President's By-Lines ............ 26
2-Powell Farms Angus Sale.............Limestone, TN
4-Hereford Pen Bull Show ................... Bartow Livestock Roundup...........48
5-Hereford Pen Bull Sale .....................Bartow Report from Tallahassee ........58 Special Features...
7-Georgia SG Prestige Sale ............Tifton, GA
7-Rocking T Beefumaster Sale ............McNeill, MS Lab Notes-Rubin .............80 Planning Helps Promotion ......22
ll-Adams Ranch Braford Sale..............Ft. Pierce Editorials......................82 Blackleg Diseases-Richey .......24
14-Scaly Brangus Bull Sale ................Sealy, TX Brucellosis and
16-Hewes Simmental/Simhrah Bull Sale..Woodville, MS Buc sis and Shipping ........34
19-Corrigan Ranch Bull Sale...............Vero Beach Breed News . Adapted Cattle-Smart..........54
20-Florida Brangus Bull Sale ..... ......... Bartow Certified Angus Beef Expands ...20 Management Tools-Pritchard ...68
20-21-Paleface Red Brattgus Sale...Spicewood, TX ..
RdEEB E Brahman Symposium Set........30 Sales Require Planning..........70
3-4-FCA Directors Meeting R ...................TBA Junior Brahman Show Planned ..32 Selecting Bulls-Sand ...........74
4-Georgia Limousin Bull Sale ..............Tifton, GA Santa Gertrudis Congress
5-Sealy All Breed Bull Sale .................Scaly, TX
1I-Florida Braford Assn. Sale ..............Kissimmee Announced.................44
II-Florida Angus Bull Sale....................Bartow Polled Hereford Leaders Named .65 Shows and Sales...
12-Arkansas Beefmaster Sale .......... Little Rock, AR Junior Gert Sale Held........... 50
JANUARY Dairy Feature ... SEBBA Has Top Sale...........56
8-Ave. of Breeds Bull Sale...........Montgomery, AL Fiber Terminology-Harris ......76 Polk Winners Reported .........61
12-Ocala Bull Sale ............................ Ocala
13-Georgia Tested Bull Sale..............Calhoun, GA
16-Brown Beefmaster Field Day ............ Fort Myers
The Cover for July 1987
Kids and gentle show cattle make a good combination at River Divide Ranch, Bryceville. Catherine Bush, youngest daughter of Dean and Melody Bush, is shown here with a young Polled Hereford bull produced at the north Florida ranch. Dean Bush is manager.
OFFICIAL PUBLICATION
Florida Cattlemen's Association Arky Rogers, President, Lake City Florida Brahman AssociService Issues of ation, A.E. Whaley, President, IKissimmee Ga.-Fla. Charolais Association, Fred Collins, Pres!dent, Whigham, Georgia Florida An us Association, Tommy Lee, President, Hilliard FloriThe Florida da Santa Gertrudis Association, John lMcTyre, President, Live Oak Florida Hereford Association, Sarah Childs, President, Lake Placid Florida Meat Packers Association, Jim Coty, Tampa, Cattleman President Florida Beef Council, Al Bellotto, Lakeland; Chairman Florida Cutting orse ASsociation, R.D. Welles, President, Arcadia Florida Association of Livestock Markets, John Willis, President, Lake City Florida Simmental Association, Ted Bass, President Okeechobee January ....... American Breeds Association of Florida Rodeos, Ham Brown, President, Kissimmee Florida Polled Hereford
February ..... Horses and Rodeo Association Pete Bailes, President, Fort Pierce Florida Limousin Association, Carl Johnson,
March ..............Brahmans President, Brandon.
April ............. Performance The Florida Cattleman and Livestock Journal (ISSN 0015-3958); is published monthly for $10.00
y............Afor 1 year at Cody Publications, Inc., 410 West Verona Street, Kissimmee, Florida 2742-1403.
May ............ Animal Health Second Class Postage paid at Kissimmee, Florida 32742-1403. Postmaster: Send address changes
June ...... ... Florida Pastures to The Florida Cattleman and Livestock Journal, P.O. Box 1403, Kissimmee, Florida 3 2742-143.
July ............... Better Bulls Rate Card mailed on request. Closing date 5th of preceding month. In circulation 25th of preceding
Au t............ Month. Member Agricultural Publishers Association, American Agricultural Editor's AssociaAugust .............. Marketing tion, Florida Magazine Association, Livestock Publications Council, Audit Bureau of Circulat on.
September ... Continental Breeds c,.,
October .......H&P Herefords
November .............. Angus
December ...... Santa Gertrudis 4 sK
COUNCIL
4 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




THE FEED THEY NEED
SINCE 1934 F-R-M Feeds have helped proval are all integral parts of our continuing
farmers all over the Southeastern efforts to maximize production and
United States meet the nutritional minimize expense in your livestock
needs of their livestock & poultry. and poultry operations.
F-R-M has developed feed and Quite simply, F-R-M strives to
mineral products and feeding pro- produce a quality product at
grams for poultry, swine, beef, dairy FEEDS economical costs and gives you the cows, horses, rabbits, cats, dogs, service you deserve.
goats, game birds, fish and even When it comes to nutrition for
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Research, field tests and customer ap- F-R-M for "the feed they need."
See Your local F-R-M dealer today
F L I N T R I V E R M I L L S I n c.
Bainbridge, Georgia
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 5




"The Mugger"
An old friend '
sends compliments
Dear Editor:
Land O'Lakes
Congratulations to you for such a
wonderful magazine. When I was in
the Angus business for some 20 years,
it was one of the main publications
as far as I was concerned.
I have noticed the last six months
how much improvement has been THESE VETERAN scholars are well
madein he verll a wel a deail known to Florida cattlemen. For many madein he verll a wel a deail years they have helped to better the beef of your publication. I do not know industry through research. From left are who should get credit for this, but F.M. Peacock, retired geneticist of the would appreciate you seeing they re- Ona research station, Marvin Koger, receiv coplimntsfromtheDerios. tired professor of beef cattle genetics at ceiv coplimntsfromtheDerios. the University of Florida, and Cal Burns, Mrs. Deriso and I remember the retired director of the Brooksville beef catmost pleasant time when we were in tie research station. the Angus business. As you know,
she was the founder of the CowBelles
Randy's Cattle Mugger and did a wonderful job. Just ask the Bob Deriso is a past president of
Donner's Machine Shop old cattle people. Florida Angus Association. He and
204 SE 10th Ave. You will find enclosed copy of let- his wife spent many years promoting
Okeechobee, FL 33474 ter written to your president, Arky the breed, and promoting FCA.
Telephone: 813/763-3417 Rogers, whom I have known all his
Evenings: 81 3/763-7530 life. It was our pleasure to sell him 'I like chicken,
________________________ the first Angus cattle that started his but serve me beef' herd. The article pertaining to what Dear Dr. Black: he is doing and has done is well Lakeland
deserved. I have known the Rogers As a representative of an industry
family from the beginning and am that often gets far more negative proud to call them friends .. press than it deserves, I appreciated
H aile-Dean The very best to your magazine your article in the June issue of Floriand the dedicated cattlemen. da Cattleman. Good article, good atSeed Co. Bob F. Deriso titude and good advice.
A division of
Diamond R. Fertilizer Co., Inc.
Telephone Slaughter Under State Inspection,Hed(IC..
1-800-423-SEED Cattle Calves Swine
May 1987 2,510 33 4,815
(7 3 )May 1986 2,702 36 5,512
or Brucellosis Testing (AITC) .. Tse ecos Vciae
1-305-877-3333 Cested RatrV Accint
Beef Cate a 97102,467 538 26,085 18,490
Dairy Cattle, May 1987 18,600 73 5,402 1,181
Call us for your Summer and Fall Swine, May 1987 201 0
seeding needs
Livestock Prices Per Hundred (USDA).. Located at Cows Strs, Hfrs. Calves Swine Chickens
51NHens d.Fla., Apr. 1987 43.10 60.30 76.30 49.60 27.00
51N ensR.Fla., May 1987 42.40 68.40 81.10 51.60 29.00
P.O. Box 1458 U.S., Apr. 1987 43.30 66.60 75.10 50.80 29.60
Winter Garden, FL U.S., May 1987 43.50 69.20 77.60 54.30 30.00
32787 Field Crop Prices Per Bushel and Ton (USDA) ...
Corn (Bushel) Hay, Baled (Ton)
U.S., May 1986 $2.39 $70.30
1 U.S., May 1987 1.70 73.30
6 /THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




Immediate Payment!
When the auctioneer at your local livestock auction
market slams his gavel and closes the sale of your stock,
your check is guaranteed good by the marketman.
Bidding is open and public at your local auction market. You can see what's going on at all times. There are
no "deals" with the auctioneer to hold the price down
because he's working for top dollar-working for you!
No "deals" between buyers to hold the price down.
It wouldn't do them any good-you don't have to sell!
Your market operator plays it straight-it's a matter of
pride and reputation. Try him and see for yourself.
The Auction Market Way is the Best Way!
CONTACT ANY OF THESE MARKETS, ALL MEMBERS OF THE STATE ASSOCIATION
Arcadia State Livestock Market* Hardee Livestock Market, Inc. No. Fla. Farmers US Market*
Auctions every Wednesday Auctions every Monday Cattle, hog auction every Wednesday
Kay L. Kelly, Mgr. Robert Ray Smith, manager special stocker cow sale
Ph. 813/494-3737, 1808, 3250 Phones 813/773-9747, 9560 4th Saturday each month
ARCADIA, 33821 WAUCHULA, 33873 T.W. Waldrop, owner
Ph. 904/755-3576
Cattlemen's Livestock Markets* Interstate Livestock Market* LAKE CITY, 32055
Monday Sales Tuesday Auctions every Tuesday
Bill Hamilton, manager Barbara Key, manager Northwest Florida Livestock Market*
Tampa 813/626-5164 # Lakeland 813/665-5088 Ph. 813-689-2424 Sale every Thursday
TAMPA, 33609 and LAKELAND, 33802 SEFFNER, 33584 James Hamilton, manager
Ph. 904/482-2229, 8684
Chipley Livestock Company* Kissimmee Livestock Market MARIANNA, 32446
Auctions every Tuesday Auctions every Wednesday
E.D. (Buddy) Neel, owner/manager Dan Haggard, manager Ocala Livestock Market*
Ph. 904/638-0267, 4498 Ph. 305/847-3521 Hog auction every Tuesday
CHIPLEY, 32428 KISSIMMEE, 32741 Cattle auction every Wednesday
Gene Babbit, owner/gen. manager
Columbia Livestock Market* Madison Livestock Market, Inc.* Ph: 904/732-4454
Hog auctions every Monday Hogs-Monday; Cattle-Tuesday OCALA, 32674
Cattle auctions every Thursday G. Alvin Townsend, Manager
John D. Willis, manager 904/973-4094, 929-4605 Okeechobee Livestock Market
Ph. 904/755-2300 MADISON, 32340 Auctions every Monday & Tuesday
LAKE CITY, 32055 Pete Clemons, manager
Monticello Stockyard, Inc. Ph. 813/763-3127
Cow Palace* Ph. 904/997-5711 OKEECHOBEE, 33472
Sale every Saturday J.N. Tuten
Robert L. Walker, Wayne Bass, managers MONTICELLO, 32344 Sumter County Farmers Market*
Ph. 813/858-6253 Auctions every Tuesday
LAKELAND, 33802 Marvin Fussell, manager
Ph. 904/793-2021, 3551
Gainesville Livestock Market, Inc.* WEBSTER, 33597
Cattle auctions every Monday
Manager L. H. (Tommy) Thompson, Jr. Tindel Livestock Market*
Ph. 904/372-3442 Auctions every Monday
GAINESVILLE, 32602 Clyde Crutchfield, owner/manager
Ph. 904/263-3224
GRACEVILLE, 32440
Jl *-Indicates Subscriber to Livestock Marketing Association
For Further Information about Florida Livestock Auction Markets, Contact
9klvida ASSOCIATION OF LIVESTOCK MARKETS
P.O. Box 1403, Kissimmee, FL 32741
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 7




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L 1946
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We offer you a full line
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Line Posts Heavy Barbed Wire
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Fencing Lumber Stock Panels OUTSTANDING agricultural journalism
* Cow Pen Lumber Gal. Gates student for 1987 is Anita Jo Geddes.
Split Posts Steel Gates And while I like chicken, serve me
up a big old filet (of beef, of course) Fence Stays any day of the week.
Elin Oak
Florida Phosphate Council
CCA or Creosote The article referred to was titled
25 year Warranty "Chicken Wreck" by Baxter Black in
the June 1987 issue.
"The Post Preferred By Florida Cattleman" People . .
Livestock publishing group
1o.t picks student winner
Livestock Publications Council has F rw Wpicked Anita Jo Geddes of the
University of Missouri/Columbia as P.O. BOX 645 o PHONE 813-735-1361 its 1987 student award winner.
ONA, FLORIDA 33865 Geddes is a junior in agricultural
journalism.
As part of the honors for being
selected, Geddes will attend LTC's annual meeting on July 29-31 at Denu lity -ver, Colorado. There she will attend
Auan workshops, seminars and critiques
Brands pertinent to this specialized publishGainesville Stockman Supply ing field. She will also mix with edi5719 NW 13th Street tors, advertising managers, producALny Gainesville, FL 32601 tion managers and circulation perGaiesvll,- 60 sonnel associated with livestock pub904/372-8916 lications from all over the country.
Gainesville Geddes has held leadership roles in
Stockman Supply Co. the American-International and Mis"
Hwy. 27 South, 3 miles souri Junior Charolais Associations,
4 ) (Agri-Civic Center) Missouri Cattlemen's Association,
Scb 9, S Sebring, FL 33870 Agricultural Communicators of
Powder River 813/382-2526 Tomorrow, Alpha Zeta, Block and
Bridle, Collegiate Farm Bureau, and Future Farmers of America. She is a
8 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




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past Miss Charolais USA, and currently reigns as Missouri Cattlemen's Association queen. She was selected as intern and representative for ST L m uo h UMC's College of Agriculture, is a
E** R hmucO member of the meats and horse judging teams, and is on the dean's list.
After receiving her degree in agriRg iAe s cultural journalism, she plans to seek
a position with a livestock publiSAGcation. g5 ies Kaplan Industries reports
w u increased earnings
Kaplan Industries, Inc., Bartow, has mr announced earning results for the
25poundsfirst quarter of 1987, and announced the effectiveness of a 1-for-4 reverse stock split which was approved by the company's shareholders at the annual meeting on May 14. SwiRevenues for the first quarter rose a t w an iu to $18,874,000 from $15,336,000 in
the year-ago period, an increase of 23 percent. Net earnings for the quarter were $42,000 or $.01 per share (preImplant with RALGRO when you handle stock split) compared to net earnings
your calves for a bigger, stronger, "good doin' of $19,000 or $.00 per share for the
calf" at weaning. Regardless of herd size, same period a year ago. That's an imRALGRO's additional 25 (or more!) pounds could provement of 121 percent.
Donald D. Kaplan, chairman and easily mean the difference between profit and loss, president, stated that the company's
Same land, same feed or forage, same labor ... RALGRO continuing improvementinrevenues
makes the big difference. RALGRO is easy to use. It is the only and profits results from increased
growth-promoting implant you can use with any size calf. availability of livestock locally and a
Reimplant every 100 days for even greater gains. RALGRO is rising market for beef nationally. He
essential to good cattle management. also said that he expects the company's 1987 net income to exceed last year's level.
Kaplan said he believes the increased per share price of the company's stock caused by the reverse stock split will improve the stock's OOESERVICES, INC. marketability.
1800 E. North Park StreetO Okeechobee, Florida 33472 Kaplan Industries is a vertically inSEFFNER OCALA JACKSONVILLE OKEECHOBEE tegrated producer of beef and veal
AND JONESVILLE SEED & FEED, GAINESVILLE and operates Florida's larges feedlot
and packinghouse.
Veterinarians
sue the FDA
The American Food Animal Veterinary Medical Association and over 30 veterinarians have sued the Food and Drug Administration, charging that F OR SALE the agency's Extra-label Drug Use
Policy has unlawfully usurped the Tifton 44 and Registered Tifton 78 Sprigs practice of veterinary medicine.
We will plant or load your trailer The contested FDA policy declares
Tifton 44 and Peanut Hay the FDA will consider regulatory acSimbrah Bulls tion, which includes criminal proseService Age cution, of any veterinarian who treats
a food-producing animal with any W.M. & M.W. Donnell Sand Co. & Farms medicine that is not FDA-approved
Bellwood, AL 36313 for the animal. The veterinarians
declare that the policy will make it Anytime Night impossible to treat food producing
205/588-2716 or 347-5543 animals properly because FDAapproved drugs and FDA-approved
10 / THE FLORIDA CATITLEMAN / JULY 1987




dosages are frequently ineffective for many diseases. Furthermore, there are many diseases for which FDA has Do m Da t W ed
never approved any drug, the veterinarians say.
A representative of the American Food Animal Veterinary Medical Association said: "FDA's policy, if it is obeyed, will cause a disaster. If we cannot treat cattle, dairy herds, and swine properly, the nation's food supply will be destroyed, and the economy of the farm states ruined. FDA says its concern is residues. The threat of residues comes from FDA and the manufacturers who make subtherapeutic doses of drugs available to people who have no real training to diagnose disease or to use medicines. Eliminating the ability of the veterinarian to practice his profession will not help at all.
"The states license veterinarians to diagnose and to administer medicines for animal disease, and the profession is carefully regulated by the states and by peer review. There is no need for FDA to try to regulate the practice, and certainly there is no need for a federal regulator to try to control the prescribing judgements of veterinarians."
The lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Western District of Louisiana.
Thompson Cattle Marketing moves back to Texas
Thompson Cattle Marketing, Inc., of Pavo, Georgia, owned by Fred Thompson, moved back to Texas in June. The marketing firm will now be located at 12011 Heubner Road, Suite 120, San Antonio, Texas 78230. Why mow those undesirables, when you can eliminate smutt grass, bull grass, The firm moved to Georgia from San guinea grass, dog fennel, coffee weed, pig weed, thistles, vines, briars and Antonio a few years ago. others for a fraction of the cost of one mowing, without the danger of any
Thompson has been involved with damage to your desirable grasses and crops?
the management of major breed sales Our herbicide applicators are constructed from 3/4 ton truck axles, sch.
in Florida for a number of years. 40 steel pipe and other heavy structural members.
Most recent clients include the Annu- Carpet and burlap covered roller applicator, constructed with sch. 40 stainal Adams Ranch Braford Sale, Fort less steel supply axle pipe, Sch. 40 P.V.C. pipe and chain driven with #50
Pierce, and the David Brown Beef- roller chain.
master Sale, Fort Myers. All units are built to withstand any terrain at any workable speed and are
unconditionally guaranteed. They are "Mack truck TUFF." Water Buffalo Adjust herbicide flow, according to speed and density of vegetation by one
association formed micro gate valve.
A new organization called the Ameni- Roller applicator adjustable from ground to 20' ht. kills only what it touches. can Water Buffalo Association has If properly operated, there is no reason to lose one drop of liquid.
been formed and has published the We build many different concepts and sizes, for pastures, groves and ditches.
first edition of the Water Buffalo We will custom build a machine to suit your needs. Newsletter. ATTENTION FARMERS: We will design and build you a workable wiper
The organization is headquartered boom for row crops, melons, etc.
at the Center for Tropical Agricul- Wtilson Equipment Service
ture, University of Florida, 3018 McCarty Hall, Gainesville 32611. P.O. Box 25
Membership dues are $15 per year. Lutz, Fla. 33549
The University of Florida has been Hwy. 54 0 1 mi. West Hwy. 41
the site for most of the Water Buffalo 8194-59BlD.WsoOnrayrNih research in the U.S., including the 81-4-59BlD.WsoOnrayrNih
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 /1




'Easy does it
with new
se GrTERRY Wiseman has joined Allied CorpoSafe Gu aru ration in Florida.
(fenedzfirst embryo transfer in Water Buffalo. Research is also being conductdew orm er ed at Berry College, near Rome,
Georgia.
The newsletter says that Water
New Safe-Guard is easy on cattle, but tough on Buffalo "are adept at surviving on
worms. It's fast and easy to give. And it's compati- marginal habitats." It says that the
ble with vaccines, implants and grubicides (even animals cost less to raise under marorganophosphates). Safe-Guard is more economical ginal conditions such as scrub pasthan either of the two leading dewormers. The more ture, swampy or poor soils.
you learn about new Safe-Guard, the better you'll Wiseman joins
like it. Come in soon and ask about new Safe-Guard, Allied Corporation
the Easy-Does-It Dewormer. Terry L. Wiseman has joined Allied
Corporation as field sales representative for Sulf-N 45 ammonium sulfate in Florida and Alabama. Sulf-N
SUPPLY COMPANY 45 ammonium sulfate (21-0-0-24S) is
a dry, free-flowing material that can
of FLORIDA INC. be used in either dry or liquid fertilizMain Street Fla. Hwy. 579 & Main St. 1811 NW 9th St. er programs.
Mayo, FL Thonotosassa Ph. 8131986-2491 Okeechobee, FL Before joining Allied, Wiseman
904/294-2802 Fla. Toll Free 8001282-6577 813/763-0261 held a field representative position
with Monsanto Agricultural CompaAllied member of Florida Cattlemen's Association ny in Omaha, Nebraska. He earned
his bachelor's degree in Agricultural
Economics from Purdue University
in 1982. In his new position, he will
* Automatic Electronic Deer be located in Florida.
* Gravity Drop Units Quail
* Economy Kits Electronic Products
* Supplement Feed Deer during periods of stress.
* Improve deer antler development. Syntex introduces new
* Attract & Hold game in your area. microbial product
o VERDE TIMERS: Quartz solid state 12V DC up to Syntex Animal Health, Inc., has in96 different time settings per 24 hour period. troduced a new bovine microbial Accurate Top of the Line. product containing the highly active,
* Galvanized hopper 325 Lbs. Cap. long-lived M74 strain of Streptococy Leg mounted or suspended models. cus faecium to help cattlemen more
Wildlife Feeders Battery, dry cell or rechargeable. rapidly restore a balance to the bacWrite or call for Free Brochure: erS teria in the intestinal tracts of animals
Verde Manufacturing, Inc. r Department NA subjected to adverse conditions.
7060 SW. 4th Street Miami, Florida 33144 (305) 262-7222 The product, SyntabacTM "Plus"
Gel, reduces the negative effects of
12 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




Pasture Aerator "For faster service
. ""_ weare now
"Let Your Root-Bound Sod & Hay Fields Breathe" manufacturing locally"
" WE MATCH YOUR TRACTOR MULTI BLADES OR
HORSEPOWER. 50HP and up. STRAIGHT BLADES
" We build any size from 8' to Full 6' penetration. 15'-20" and 30" drums. Drive from pasture to pasture Increases yield 2 to 3 times.
" Leaves ground smooth, not torn on highways with wheels down. up as other choppers do, Stimulates hay fields but leaves
making driving behind them smooth.
comfortable. Opens ground to allow fertilizer
to seep in.
Introducing our new line for your planting needs: Even pull behind tractor. no
&jerking."
Marc Lawson
121 Marvin Gardens
CULTIPACKERS. Hydraulic wheels LAND ROLLERS. Pictured 121/2' Kissimmee, Florida 32743
included. Pictured 10' by 30" by 60" by 1" thick. 3051348-4576
diameter. Custom work available
(912) 246-8497
ARROLL COMPANY, INC.
Location: Vada, GA Mail: P.O. Box 289, Pelham, GA 31779 Write or call collect for literature & prices.
COMMERCIAL DUTY GOOSENECK THE STOCKMAN COVERED TOP
16' GOOSENECK THE RANCH HAND-CAGE TOP
Committed to the production of Quality Products since 1954.
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 13




Adsit Dura-Cast Products, Inc.
P.O. Box 812, Lake Wales, Florida 33853 813/285-8874 or 813/533-4249
Special quantity discounts available!
Designed and manufactured in Lake Wales, Florida. Delivery available, Dealer inquiries
invited.
Rectangular water tanks also available. Mineral Feeder
A tough, no maintenance mineral SYNTEX has introduced a new bovine feeder with dependable rain and probiotic product. gust shielding cover with stainless
steel and nylon bearing mount.
Eliminate your mineral feeder
problems non-beneficial intestinal bacterial on
animal health and performance by establishing or restoring proper levels
rb OTHER of beneficial bacteria in the intestine.
Round Water Tanks Intended for use at birth, weaning,
are stronger, easier to PRODUCTS: processing, during prolonged inclemclean, require no braces Liquid Feeders, original ent weather or whenever the animal
and more cows can get one-piece and new model experiences adverse conditions, Synaround one to drink than two-piece. tabac gel is guaranteed to provide a
rectangular tanks! Elevated Bottom Trough minimum of eight billion, live colony
10' Long, 43 Wide, 21T High forming units of the M74 strain per
16" Deep Feeding Level. These These products last so long dose at time of administration. In adtroughs are designed for the you will get tired looking at dition, each 10-cc dose contains vitatoughest dairy cows or bulls. The them!
16" feeding level permits weaning minds A, D, and B,, plus zinc at Icycalves. Troughs are designed to tie
together in series for convenient BLACK els needed by cattle and calves exfilling and moving. TO LAST! periencing changes in nutrition or
environment that often lead to a rapid growth of harmful bacteria popu-Syntabac gel is sold "ready to use"
in 60-cc syringe tubes or 300-cc tubes
X I with gun applicator. It is adminis Altered by placing the tube in the Ii animal's mouth and expelling the
product onto the back of the tongue.
,I"The product is also available in a
. Powdered formulation for mixing with water before administering.
f I The Streptococcus faecium M74
W HOLESALE PRICES bacterium colonizes and adheres to
1 the animal's intestinal wall where it
competes with harmful, diseaseFENCE POSTS HEAVY BARBED WIRE causing bacteria such as E. coli. The
CORNER POSTS GAUCHO BARBED WIRE bacterium also very efficiently conPOLES TO 25 FT. LASSO BARBED WIRE verts sugars to highly digestible lacCOWPEN POSTS 10 x 121/2 GA. FIELD FENCE tic acid, where lowers the pH in the
COWPEN LUMBER 9 x 11 GA. FIELD FENCE intestinal tract and inhibits the
FENCE LUMBER 9 x 9 GA. FIELD FENCE growth of harmful bacteria.
SPLIT POSTS 2 x 4 WOVEN WIRE With the ability to reproduce itself
LANDSCAPE TIMBERS STOCK PANELS ev e 19 iity trepo us
4 x4x6/,SALSevery 19 minutes, Streptococcus
4x 4 x 61/2 STAPLES faecium M74 grows more quickly in
PINE BARK MULCH the intestine than do other lactic-acid
Producing bacteria. For example, Lykes H' IW most strains of Lactobacillus aciSyke Bro I dophilus-the lactic acid-producing
9ore4t Produch Avison bacteria used in initial probiotic
RO H N products-normally require more
P.O. BOX 460 LABELLE, FL 33935 than three times as long to reproduce.
GALVANIZED 813/675-4600 This means the M74 strain of bacteriGATES DEALER INQUIRIES INVITED um in Syntabac gel enables the
microflora (bacteria population) in
the intestine to reach a normal bal14 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




ance in a shorter period. The long-lived, or durability, characteristic of the M74 bacterium strain also ensures that it will be viable when it reaches the intestine. "To be effective, it is essential that a probiotic product deliver live organisms to the animal," says Robert Botts, technical services representative for Syntex Animal Health. "The Streptococcus faecium M74 bacterium is so active and durable that this assurance is now possible. That's why we're able to put in writing our guarantee of eight billion colony forming units at time of administration."
The rapid activity and durability of the Streptococcus faecium M74 bacterium is evident in results from trials comparing animals receiving the Syntabac product with those that do not. In one commercial feedlot trial, for example, 36 percent fewer of the animals receiving the product had to be pulled for sickness than those that PR G A ,e designed for
had not received it. More important- every stage of beef production.
ly, the animals receiving the Syntabac MANNA PRO now offers a program of nutritional engineerproduct had a 58 percent reduction ing to build better beef. It combines native forages with high
For more information on Syntabac quality Manna Pro Feeds to help achieve reproductive effi"Plus" Gel and other Syntex ciency and a more profitable calf crop.
products, contact Syntex Animal For The Brood Cow
Health, Inc., 4800 Westown Park- For The Calf
way, Suite 200, West Des Moines, For The Bull
Iowa 50265, telephone 1-800-247- For The Show Calf
2210.
For complete information on these unique quality programs New distributor named call today.
for suspension products
Terra International, Inc. of Sioux City, Iowa, has been appointed by Englehard Corporation as distributor of its liquid animal feed suspending MA
agents in the continental U.S. MANNA PRO
Englehard's attapulgite suspension CORPORATION
products, which are made by a P.O. Box 2442
proprietary process, are used in liquid Tampa, Florida 33601
animal feed products to keep the mix-I Phone: 813-247-5678
ture homogeneous and free flowing.
Manufacturers will be able to purchase 50 pound bags or bulk quantities of the Engelhard attapulgite suspending agents through 18 Terra warehouses, located in nine midwestern states including Illinois, Iowa, Minne- [AND FINISHING
sota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Texas.
Custom Most Work
Disking on Per Acre
Rotavating Basis
Rolling
Mowing Over 11 Yrs. Service
Grain Drilling
305/349-5423
Oviedo, Fla. 32765
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 15




NOW IT'S HISTORY
1949: Fence law criticized
A law proposed by the Florida State Cattlemen's Association and passed by the Florida Legislature, designed to remove cattle from Florida's highways, was being criticized by several leading Florida newspapers as inadequate ... Henry Wright of Sanford was elected president of the Central Florida Cattlemen's Association . Russell Farmer of Wauchula was named secretary of the South Florida Brahman BreedAcross the Fence ers, Inc., a cooperative marketing group.
B. Hall Davis, Ph.D., Nutritionist 1953: Peacock starts at Ona
THE P. SH FEED (M
TlE P.D.Q. COA N F \E F.M. "Mack" Peacock was added to the staff of the Range Cattle ExI ran across some "things" about children periment Station at Ona as an assistant animal husbandman . 4-H'er the other day which are amusing. Groucho Jimmy Clark of Greensboro won a $100 scholarship from the Florida
Marx said his mother loved children and Department of Agriculture for outstanding club work . Fondren
would have given anything if he had been Mitchel shipped 939 crossbred cattle by rail from Texas to his Kenansone. John Wilmot said before he married he had six theories about rearing children. Then ville Ranch. he got married had six children and NO theories. Babies are such a nice way to start 1959: Herds were expanding fast
people. Confucious say "Is it not strange that he who has no children brings them up so USDA warned cattlemen that the current high rate of beef herd expanwell?" sion (4-5 million head in 1959) would result in severe price declines in
The newspaper says the earth's popula- the early 1960's ... Joe Overstreet of Kissimmee purchased a new tion has now reached five billion. It goes on to say that every second, somewhere in the Hereford herd sire in Arkansas ... Elector of Shempston, a purebred world, a woman gives birth to a baby. I tell Angus bull owned by the University of Florida, was added to the batyou, we've got to find this woman and stop tery of performance tested bulls of seven breeds in the American Breedher.
There are many management tools that ers Service stud.
can be used to maximize profits such as culling, semen testing of bulls, herd health pro- 1963: Anaplasmosis was costly
gram, pasture rotation and a good nutrition program. Included in a good nutrition pro- An article by Charles F. Simpson, D.V.M., University of Florida, said gram is adequate mineral intake, that anaplasmosis is one of the most costly diseases of Florida beef cattle
With spring and early summer rains comes . Charles Collier, Arcadia, was elected president of the DeSoto Coungrass. The grass is filling but could be a bit watery. This means, of course, that the ty Angus Association, the only county breed association in Florida.
mineral requirement of the animals might not be being met. Many ranchers think they can let their mineral program slide. I think this is a short-sighted, penny wise and pound foolish approach. We know the importance of calcium and phosphorus in bone and teeth formation but we sometimes overlook the importance of phosphorus in reproduction. The calf crop can be increased by as much as 50% in areas where phosphorus is low by proper phosphorus supplementation. Dr. Joe Conrad of the University of Florida, increased the calf crop from 42% to 80% in the Mato Grosso area of Brazil by phosphorus supplementation. The fact is-we have some areas in Florida that are low in phosphorus in the available form. So many producers think a little salt is all the mineral that is needed.
Trace minerals are also very important and lack of any of the six (copper, cobalt, iron, zinc, manganese and iodine) will decrease productivity.
Dr. Cunha suggests that the cost of minerals will amount to approximately 1-3 percent of the cost of animal production. Therefore, trying to save money by eliminating mineral feeding is false economy. That's why we say P.D.0. MINERAL SUP- MIKE BALDWIN showed this purebred Angus steer to grand champion honors at the
PLEMENTATION doesn't cost-it pays. Southeastern Fat Stock Show, Ocala, in 1970. The steer was bred in the family owned
Baldwin Angus Ranch herd near Ocala. Mike is still involved with the family ranch.
16 / THE k"LORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




FLORIDA CATTLEMEN'S ASSOCIATION & BEEF COUNCIL
np_ petroleum storage tanks in
4h0r)rdegon.Adarpre
CCF 46Florida. About 44,000 are un5000 of the tanks could be
leaking.
MEXICAN IMPORTS WILL CONTROLS cattle, instead of estimating
STILL INCREASING HELP FARMERS quality and yield grades and AUSTRALIANS
carcass yield as buyers do WANT DDT BAN According to USDA figures, No way, says an article in the now. the U.S. received 1.05 million May 22 Farm Paper Letter. The muscle scoring will be Cattle producers in Australia head of Mexican cattle in The number of egg producers based on estimates of four fac- have called for a ban on DDT 1986. Measured by the rate of has dropped 70 percent (from tors: rib-eye area per 100 insecticide. The ban was called increase during the first quar- 6000 more than a decade ago pounds of carcass weight; out- for after reports that traces of ter of 1987, the total could to 1800 today) in Australia, side fat thickness; a muscle-to- the chemical were found in reach nearly two million head since quota imposition there. bone ratio; and a composite beef exported to the U.S. this year. In Canada, under mandato- score, which will be a sumSenator Lloyd Bentsen (D- ry controls the number of mary of the previous three Texas) said he would ask the dairy farms has declined 80 numbers. International Trade Commis- percent (from 175,000 in 1967 According to Kansas State LABELING BILL sion to investigate the rising to 40,000 in 1986). During the University meat scientist Del numbers, but he also said be- same period, the number of Allen, Excel will soon have GETS DROPPED fore any action is recommend- dairy farmers in the U.S. five bids for cattle feeders. When action on a House trade ed, more information on the declined 60 percent. "Number 3 will be equivalent bill was completed recently in
impact of the imports is In both countries, quotas to the High Plains Choice Washington, D.C., the House
needed. can be bought and sold. price," Allen said. "Number voted to remove a provision
Some cattle brokers, truck- 1 will be the top bid and have that would have required the
ers and farmers with pasture PHONE CALLS a $2 to $3 per hundredweight country of origin to be printto lease have praised the im- premium over 3, while number ed on meat labels. However,
ports. HAVE IMPACT 5 may have a $6 discount." NCA says labeling of importAccording to NCA, phone The new buying system, ac- ed meat still may be the subcalls really make a difference cording to Allen, will be avail- ject of hearings and the issue when cattlemen want to get a able in Excel's forward con- could be brought up again. MOR IFO N essage to Congress. An et- tract. Allen said Excel buyers
SPAYING NEEDED mated 1000 calls were made by would continue on the old sysNCA state affiliates and mem- tefoawhlantenmk
At a meeting of the Southern bers of the American Nation- the switch to the new buying Animal Health Association in al CattleWomen to represen- sytm "ihn afw VLSAW L
May at Raleigh, North Caro- ttvsugnthmosriea months. "
lina, state veterinarians agreed tatisiurging them os strke a Excel has done extensive HOST DIRECTORS to ask U.S. Animal Health pris wio ithaoue tagd testing with breeds of cattle, The Volusia County CattleAsitteetton app osi auCom- the way the U.S. milk surplus trying to determine the best men's Association will serve as mittee to aintgat thcoF is calculated. cattle for its growing branded host for the FCA quarterly
mtetoivsiaeteFbeef program. Allen, who dietrsmtngnSpebranding and spaying options Congressmen responded by hepdcnutdh ets ie.oThe meeting is set for
and ~ ~c their copiac withk pasngahaeden byvi they showed as much as $100 September 10-11. A location
shipping regulations. Accord- vocvteosrieherv- difference in value between has not been announced, but
ing to the Livestock Conserva- Sion (Section 662) from the oecrasadaohrfo h etn sepce ob
tion Institute, they will ask bil edn f nte o-the same pen of cattle, for held at Daytona Beach.
APHIS to explore developing sible dairy buy-out. which Excel paid the same
a toll free, 24 hour telephone By changing the formula mny
anserng ysemgiving Up- which determines the milk sur- mny dated state import regulations pls hj ar idsr ol
and issuing entry permits af- have avoided a 50 cent cut in ter office hours, the milk support price. NCA CLEANUP HELP OLD ITEMS
predicted that this could lead
to overproduction, and anoth- -AVAILABLE SILNEE
er whole-herd buyout. Commissioner of Agriculture Carolyn Kempfer, Deer Park,
NCA WANTS BEEF Doyle Conner has endorsed chairman of FCA's historical
QUOTAS LIFTED NEW CATTLE Florida's Early Detection In- committee, is still looking for
U.S. cattlemen are cotnig BUYING SYSTEM centive (EDI) Program. The old items that can be included
coninungprogram will pay cleanup in an exhibit of Florida's past
to push for unlimited access to NCA says a new approach to costs for farmers who have in the cattle business. The exthe Japanese market for beef. buying fed cattle is just around leaking underground storage hibit will be located at FCA The National Cattlemen's As- the corner. Excel Corporation tanks. Anyone who suspects headquarters at Kissimmee. sociation is supporting the will soon start buying fed cat- or knows about leaking gasoU.S. government in efforts to tle based on extensive tests the line, diesel fuel, kerosene, fuel get Japan to remove all quo- company has conducted on oil and aviation fuel on their tas on imported beef, so that breeds and types of cattle. property may apply for EDI ______the U.S. beef industry can ship Within weeks Excel buyers payment before October 1, substantially more fed beef to will begin to use a 1 to 5 mus- 1987. Japan. cle scoring system to evaluate There's an estimated 65,000
Continued on following page




Beef industry advertising "Here's The Beef," Shep- covering that there's more to BEruns in a variety of magazines herd's article begins. "Herbed dining than alfalfa sprouts
every month (in addition to tenderloin steaks with mustard radio and television). Celebri- sauce is a dish that is adapt- Script of a new feedback ty and the "Good News" ads able to health-oriented life- presentation? No. Text of a carry the "Beef. Real Food styles," the article notes. video news release? No. For Real People" theme to "Cybill's recipe gets its won- The copy here is from a 22 B EEF STAYS targeted consumers every derful flavor from lean beef minute segment of "Chicago
IN THE NEWS month through Better Homes and fresh herbs." Tonight" on WTTW-TV. The
and Gardens, Glamour, Coun- As for Garner "Beefing it piece, which featured wellIn the first four months of try Living, Gourmet, Red- Up," the article introduces known restaurant critics and a 1987, 1238 articles on the beef book, People, Bon Appetit lemony butter beef eye round National Restaurant Associaadvertising campaign have ap- and others. roast, which "is for today's tion (NRA) official, looked at
peared. Those articles ap- active people. It's impressive- current trends. Beef was the
peared in publications with ly flavorful, yet convenient to headliner and dominant subcombined circulation of more VELSU Ymake." The article also notes: ject of the show.
than 120.3 million. VELSU Y"Garner has an extensive
Those are some pretty im- GIVES CLUES repertoire of modern beef SEIR AE
pressive numbers. But, how Ntmcwakn nabu dihs(and) pomotes the use SEIR AE
about the beef message the ad- Not much was known abou dishes prTH G
vertising carries. is it being how restaurant operators feel ofbe nmnsb9etrn NTEG
picked up? According to the about veal until now. Struman up-to-date recipes." Between 1982 and 1985, cuslatest figures, 23 articles fea- and Associates recently com- And readers of Parents get tomer traffic generated by senturng rimed lo-ft bef pleted a study of veal food- a 10 page look at the latest in ior citizens (65 years old and appeared last month in news- service users for the Veal beanvaldssftuig over) at all restaurants inpapers with total circulation of Committee of the Beef Indus- recipes of two 1986 Beef creased 13 percent, compared
moretha 1.2miliontry ounil.Cook-Off celebrities: Bette to eight percent for all housemor athn: .2 millor y Cosunl.htuysget Phillips (New Jersey, "Hot holds, according to an article
Nwadditin: New ork -Resultsoft studys suget: Hunan Hoagies") and Flora in the April issue of RestaurSteak-Take It To Heart," ceive veal as an upscale menu Wuf(otDat,"Be ans&Ititos.Aqic
tells readers how to include item, so any attempt to extend and Apple Salad"). The arti- service restaurants, senior beef in a healthy diet. A Gen- its appeal to a broad-based cle, A New Light Touch For traffic increased by 21 percent, tlemen 's Quarterly article tells foodservice market could have Beef & Veal," appears in the cmae o1 ecn vr
cosuer tatbef anbe problems. May issue. te all. Also, seniors have the
consumers that beef can be Are consumers seeing te hgetprcpt icein
low in calories. House Beauti- Restaurant owners per- highes per, capita discretion
ful says beef has fewer calories ceive veal as a suitable com- asrves aed sonsitw red ryicmofaygerup and more nutrients than many promise between the demand service cardziresonse inawoaryicm-fayaegop other protein foods in its for chicken and seafood and oftemgzines Tar he agati- CY I MAKES "Light News" section. Worn- the demand for beef. Opera- ines arryi the beefadsetvis- AD DILLREC an's World offers a Dijon tors see it as lighter, more iad, ine acpo the ede eieat DFEEC
Beef recipe in its eating well "healthful" than beef, but Bara offeratoy oftLgt Anatcei the Meatisu
secion Wokin Mohe fe- mre ikey o stisy adesre With Beef," which features a of Glamour magazine says tures an article titled "Blue for the beef taste experience vaitoflwcorebf thtsrselyinuneor
Ribbon Beef Dinners." In ad- than chicken or seafood. aitolwcorieies b e tatn s bta s. Ally itc ours
dition, a section titled "The -While restaurant owners reciebrar esu fGu- tatn hbits. Anehed itos
'New' Lean Beef" explains see veal as flexible, they be- Ae Feerarydissue ofa Gour- thatrs Cyi"Sehed"oe that beef is now leaner and lieve they will have problems retgnerae ore EtLha 6500 burgers." oayta trimmer. Elsewhere, Gourmet incorporating veal into exist- sponse faaior i at s Ligt, Te artie aas thatmot offers flank steak cooking ing operations because of han- hotiche agazn oficialst re- eyveesomeastarsethat aet
idas Rdbokinluesli codlnstpprait. ndtm sponse rate. A March issue of eating meat occasionally.
beef recipes; and McCall's cosrit.Bon Appetit has generated highlights easy-to-prepare beef -Restaurant owners per- more than 17,400 responses so recipes. ceive veal as pricey. fr aaieofcassyta
What's next? Meat Board Foodservice ads and collat- fa.s Magazne officialsgsaytthat
Test Kitchens have been work- eral materials will incorpo- sponse rates ever, beats the ing on a number of projects. rate the information gained last beef offer by more than Coming up, the July Health through the research. Ads ten- 30,aniswlabvth magazine will share twobe tatively will begin to appear in 30,aniswlabvth o beef ~maaieaeaersoe
recipes with its one million foodservice trade journals in ragae aveag response readers; Colonial Homes will August.raeo60. feature lean beef entrees; and
the fall Family Circle Great JI
Ideas "Diet and Fitness", issue BEEF RECIPES BEEF GETS MORE YOUR
will feature a Meat Board rec- FROM CELEBRITIES GOOD REVIEWSCATE N
ipe on its cover.CATE N
Cybill Shepherd and James Announcer: "A new restau- ASSOCIATION
Garner are both in Family rant (that's hot) may be no BEEF ADS GET Circle magazine's May issue. surprise to you, but today's
GOOD RESPONSE An article in the "Light & hottest food just might be."
Easy Summer Meals" special Cut to Cybill Shepherd
An immediate response. edition, titled "Star-Struck Hamburger ad:- Play entire That's what every advertiser Meals," features color photos commercial. wants from advertising, but of favorite dishes, teasers Announcer: "That's right,_______seldom gets. about the dishes and recipes. beef is back. (People) are dis18 / THE FLORIDA CATlTLEMAN /JULY 1987




BEEF
NEWS
FROM FLORIDA BEEF COUNCIL
Dollars fund Veal
promotion and research
The $1 checkoff has made it possible for the first Promotion: time to create a marketing and research program -Foodservice recipes to chefs. for the veal industry in Florida and throughout the -Advertisements in foodservice publications. United States. -Training programs for foodservice distributors.
Present veal usage is limited to about 25 percent -Videos and printed informational material to of the population with the greatest amount of retailers for training and consumer use. veal being consumed at home rather than -Recipes and point-of-purchase material for retail
away-from-home. promotions.
-Veal attitudes and usage study.
Veal Marketing Plan Research:
Consumer Information: -Retail and foodservice focus groups to determine
-Development and distribution of 'Facts About future veal promotional needs. Veal.' -Economic analysis of veal distribution and supply
-Recipe releases to food editors. patterns.
-Recipe contest for consumers. -Product development and enhancement.
For more information on Beef Promotion, contact:
Florida Beef Council
"Promoting the product of one of Florida's leading industries."
P.O. Box 1929, Kissimmee, Florida 32742-1929 305-846-6221
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 19




GRAHAM ANGUS FARM Certified
BILL GRAHAM Angus
PERFORMANCE TESTED BULLS
Route 3, Box 587, Albany, Georgia 31707 Beef
O. T. Watson, Mgr. Joan Mattocks, Office Mgr. Jimmy Bowles, Cattle Mgr. Adds Staff
(912) 432-0229 (912) 432-9249 (912) 439-7695
The rapidly expanding Certified Angus Beef program, a division of the
Performance Tested Angus AHIR s BCIA American Angus Association, has
appointed an assistant director as well
IRVINGTON FARMS, INC. as the recent hiring of two additional staff members, reports Richard
BILLY KING, Owner 6620 Whitesville Road Spader, executive vice president of
FREDDIE CONE, Manager WEST POINT, GA 31833 the nation's largest beef registry as404/882-0918 Intersection of GA. routes 219 & 18 sociation in St. Joseph, Missouri.
Homero A. Recio of Premont,
FLORIDA Performance rated Texas, is the new processing coordiReal World Angus nator and Brent Eichar of Mansfield,
A n s Ass'n for Real World Cowmen Ohio, has been named to fill the newDave Pingrey ly created assistant retail coordinator
Route 1, Box 318 Harris Swayze l( position. Mary Ferguson, director of
NwerFla. 32669 Senton, MS __!_Newberry, 6011468-2958 marketing concepts, was promoted to
904/472-3997 6ILACK.1IJLL the assistant director of Certified An904/472-2953 __________________1__ 904/472-2953 ___ 1_gus Beef (CAB), according to Louis
"Mick" Colvin, director of the CAB
REGISTERED ANGUS MICHELONI program.
HERD SIRES ANGUS The added staff members have
Northern Sensation, By Great Northern ANGUS Te ade saf b have
Cedarmont Baros 4689, By Canadian Baros Reg Angus Since 1952
C C Northern Prospector, By No. Prospector 14 BULLS FOR &ALE been md nee B thgsales
Groveland growth of the CAB program which
CYPRESS CREEK RANCH Brangus Bulls and Brangus ct
Females for sale continues to escalate with the ever inBox 2000, Johnston Rd., Dade City, Fla. Rudy A Jane 6.eci creasing demand for consistent, high
Bill & Melba Straigis, Owners 904/588-2571 Ph: 904/429-2992 or 429-2554 quality beef. Sales volume in fiscal
1986 was nearly 30 million pounds,
GREtWAY Breeders of Quail Roost Farm and 1987 sales are currently averagREW BreesoQuiRos Faming approximately 3.5 million pounds
superior angus, Registered Angs and F cattle per month, with CAB packers purP.O. Box 1240 Elmer Heubeck Jr. Owner chasing some 5000 head of Angus
Ocala, Florida 32670 904/591-2371 904/591-2189 Office and Angus cross cattle each day,
N 904-732-3363 Bert Mickel, Mgr. after 7 p.m. 904/595-4226 reports Colvin.
Mgr: Bobby McKettrick P.O. Box 717, Fairfield, FL 32634 Certified Angus Beef is now served 904-622-3220 Cattle for sale at all Ime in approximately 5000 fine restaurants throughout the United States
BRANCH AA, and eight foreign countries as well as
-ltG LONG'S ANGUS RANCH being offered to consumers in over
v Striving for Excellence 'P Large type, registered Angus 600 upscale grocery stores and
Tommy & Shirley Lee, Owners for sale. specialty meat markets nationwide.
Registered Angus Cattle P.O. Box 1057. Ruskin, FL 33570
Route 1, Box 146A 813/645-3751
Hilliard, FL 904/845-2557 1 Orange elects
Paul Linder
813/7824060 813/7821485 BARNETT ANGUS FARM The Orange County Cattlemen's As(S,ice 1947) "Home of sociation has elected Paul R. Linder
LI'tfCBx 5L*U"A'LoV "The Top Performing Forage of Orlando president for 1987.
ANGUS IA ,5 Angus in Georgia" Tested Bulls" Serving wi der wlbeo
M. H. Barnett. Jr. Owner Serving with Linder will be Joe
Phone: 4041678-2832 Herd certified
Gait & Nancy Sacsn James 0. Bacon Phone: 4041678-2890 and accredited. Walter, Christmas, vice president; Jay 6#0 Geiger Road Manager/Partner P.O. Box 641 AHIR/BCIA Hebert, Orlando, secretary; and
Zephyrhills, FL 34248 WASHINGTON, GA. 30673 Wade Redditt, Orlando, treasurer.
Directors of the association are:
THREE BAR D ANGUS RANCH Danny Barber, Christmas; C.E.
"Buster" Bradshaw III, Orlando;
Rt. 1, Box 318 Newberry, Florida 32669 Fred Dietrich III, Orlando; Roy
Registered Angus Bulls, Cows and Heifers For Sale Dietrich, Orlando; Cliff Drinkwater,
Ron & Norita Davis Orlando; Woodrow Story, Orlando;
904/472-3997 OFFICE W.M. "Duck" Teal, Winter Garden;
904/472-2953 HOME David Ward, Christmas; and Laverne
Yates, Christmas.
20 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




HAVE YOU BEEN LISTENING?
Just like farming and Indep.endent
ranching, Farm Broadcasting Rolia
is a business. Ag net
Agrnt
AGRINET AFFILATE STATIONS
WOKD-FM 98.3 Arcadia
Our daily broadcasts reach farmers WWOJ-FM 106.3 Avon Park
and ranchers throughout Florida five WWBF-AM 1130 Bartow
times per week, year round. WSWN-AM 900 Belle Glade
WSWN-FM 93.5 Belle Glade
In addition to keeping Florida WBRD-AM 1420 Bradenton
Agribusiness informed, we reach WBGC-AM 1240 Chipley
consumers as well. They find our WDCF-AM 1350 Dade City
conms astg nd WQUH-FM 103.1 Defuniak Spr.
programs interesting and WXVQ-AM 1490 Deland
informative. WTRS-AM 920 Dunnellon
WTRS-FM 102.3 Dunnellon
WEUS-AM 1240 Eustis
If you're a listener, we hope you WFTP-AM 1330 Fort Pierce
enjoy the programs, and that you'll WKAE-FM 104.9 High Springs
drop us a card saying so. WMJK-AM 1220 Kissimmee
WVHG-FM 92.1 LaBelle
If you're not a listener, we hope WGRO-AM 960 Lake City
you'll call one of the stations listed WONN-AM 1230 Lakeland
you'll call one of the stations listed WHOF-AM 640 Leesburg
and tune in. WNER-AM 1250 Live Oak
WQHL-FM 98.1 Live Oak
WTOT-AM 980 Marianna
If you're an advertiser, we thank you WMEL-AM 920 Melbourne
and appreciate your business and WMFL-AM 1090 Monticello
support. WOKC-AM 1570 Okeechobee
WLMC-FM 103.1 Okeechobee
If you're not an advertiser, we hope WSUZ-AM 800 Palatka
you'll pick up the phone right now, WQSA-AM 1220 Sarasota
no matter what time of day. WAUC-AM 1310 Wauchula
WIRK-AM 1290 West Palm Bcb
WIRK-FM 107.9 West Palm Bch
WPCV-FM 97.5 Winter Haven
For air times, call your local station.
Represented Nationally By:
Independent Florida Agrinet Network Radio Reps
5950 S.W. 1st Lane P.O. Box 450526
Ocala, Florida 32674 Atlanta, Georgia 30345
(904) 854-0001 (404) 934-2022
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 21




Always plan ahead for
Performance best advertising results
Tested, by KEITH EVANS beat, some people seem to make a
Registered American Angus Association game of seeing how close they can
It was to be a really big Angus sale. come. It may be fun to play, but it The herd owners had made special almost assures less effective advertisSS and costly sale arrangements. To pro- ing than if the material is provided
mote the event an unusual 4-colormag- two weeks or a month before deadline. azine advertisement was planned. The reason is obvious. After the
Everything was ready, or so it last publication is out and well before seemed. the next deadline, writers, artists,
B bulls But as the ad copy deadline neared typesetters, proofreaders, and pasteup
the advertising production department people usually, have time on their 16-18 months old had no photograph to use. The day hands. If an ad is ready to go into
before the final deadline it became ap- production these people have the time Some sired by: Pine Drive parent that the advertiser had never and mental energy to lavish tender
Big Sky (Al), Penn State even seen, let alone had possession of, loving care upon it. On the other
Power Play (Al), Stardust the planned ad photograph. What's hand, an ad which is one of several
Power Play 1881, and PLS more, a quick long-distance telephone to be produced on the Friday afterBig Sky R356. search revealed that a suitable color noon of deadline will not, in fact canphotograph was not available, and time not, receive the same care and Angus Bulls, Cows & Heifers For Sale had run out for taking one. attention.
Henry & Jeannette Chitly 904/372-1650
Micanopy, Florida 32667 In the end the ad was produced with Being early doesn't assure perfeca poor photo substitute that rendered tion. Nor does being late always spell 0 i the breeder's advertising investment disaster. Publications try to provide
41 1: edless effective than it should have been. advertisers with the best possible serRANCH This scene, in one way or another, vice, their business depends upon it.
dAccredited Brucellosis & TB Free is played out all too often in beef cat- But if an advertiser plays the deadline
Registered Angus Since 1945
Official Performance Records Since 1958 tle advertising. It is blindingly appar- game long enough, he or she will ent to any cattle breeder that semen eventually lose, and chances are the must be on hand at least nine months publication will be blamed for the
SIZE-TYPE-UALITY ahead of when calves are to be born, problem.
and 10 to 12 months in advance is An essential part of a good adverABERDEEN-ANGUS much better. Evidently not so appar- rising plan is to know the deadlines of
THOMPSON BROS. FARM ent is that there is a gestation period all the media you use. Then do all you
J. R. and Bruce Thompson, Owners in advertising, can to meet the deadlines-the earliRt. 6, Box 349 Marlanna The post office can't deliver a pub- er the better.
PH: 904/482-8522 Florida 32446 lication to potential customers until Remember, the birth of a healthy, they receive them from the printer, productive advertisement or advertisPrinters can't deliver until they obtain ing program-like the birth of a Atevetrg every camera-ready page from the pro- calf-almost always comes at the end
oagUo duction department. A page of adver- of normal gestation period.
tising can't be made camera-ready unTOP QUALITY PUREBRED til every photograph, logo, and line of
type is supplied to the makeup artists, Angus bull sets Bob & C-1 Slovens who get their copy from typesetting, Large type, registered Angus .... a ...... 528wor254or
Lare yporeisere Agu ..... who rely upon information from the Certified & Accredited Herd Wa11sln, FL 326%w orl u o9no m tinfo0h Certifed_&__credtedHrd _wn FL advertising coordinators or sales peo- MC Power House 336, a registered (305) 892-1755 ple, who get their ideas and material Angus bull developed in the Elbert from the advertiser. Angus herd near Pierce City, MissouJOWERS At every step in this process, from ri, has set a new world record for the
CUSTOM AGRICULTURE conception of the idea to delivery of Angus breed with an actual 365 day
Hay, D13fit1 Caon Pastuto the publication to the subscriber, there weight of 1606 pounds.
aW Lan..d R.onolo. Manten.a. are deadlines. A final deadline is liter- All weights and measurements Damvi K. Joe., 3105 S. D wa.. ally the very last day that something were supervised by University of MisO,, St. Clod FL 32769 can be done and still get the publica- souri extension personnel, according
tion printed and delivered on time. to a recent news release. And final deadlines can't be beat. The bull was born April 11, 1986, BUL AND HEIFERS AALABLE Being a day late for the deadline is sired by PS Power Play. He had a
Come and make yu s ... much the same as being a day late in birth weight of 72 pounds, 205 day
TLE lR RANC' catching your best cow in heat. You weight of 975 pounds, 365 day actuwait until next month. But in the case al weight of 1618 pounds, and 365 HerHarn, r.P30of a production sale or another set day actual height of 55 inches.
P..ox9,Inte'rcesion City, FL33848 event next month can be too late. The lifetime daily gain of MS PowI, Though final deadlines can't be er House 336 is 4.20 pounds.
22 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




EFFICIENCY
EMULOUS PRIDE 135-he's what the beef business is all about- EFFICIENCY. He is a 100% Golden Certified
Meat Sire, and the only "Super Herd Sire" in Florida.
He's known as a "carcass sire" among the
knowledgeable meat people. His line in the Baldwin herd has produced 7 "Golden Super Cows" and 16
"Super Cows," based on official records and guidelines
of the Florida Beef Cattle Improvement Association's
Superior Performance Recognition Awards Program.
We've been producing better genetic performance by
selecting for efficient traits since 1960. So, if your
objective is to produce a live calf that will grow fast,
feed efficiently, and yield a high quality, meaty carcass
at optimum weight, Baldwin Angus bulls will work in
your program. We have a good selection available now.
Come by and make your selections.
d'a/gh ANGUS RANCH
OCALA, FLORIDA 32675 THE BALDWINS
AN LEROY, SHARON, TONY, MIKE, ALAN and JOY
Testing since 1960 3660 N.W. 56th Street Phone 904/629-4574 Purebred Angus since 1947
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 23




Clostridial (Blackleg)
diseases of cattle
by E.J. RICHEY AND E.L. BLISS
IFAS Extension Veterinarians
University of Florida
B lackleg, Malignant Edema, aged by pneumonia are examples of of liver damage and are absorbed into
Sord, Black Disease, Red Water, the injuries which will often create a the bloodstream through which they and three kinds of Enterotoxemia are suitable environment. The toxins reach and damage vital organs. A all caused by a genus of bacteria released by these multiplying bacte- unique effect caused by the toxins is called Clostridium. The Clostridia ria produce widespead muscle dam- the destruction of red blood cells and bacteria possess certain unique char- age. In addition, the toxins are ab- the linings of small blood vessels. acteristics that distinguish them from sorbed into the bloodstream and are This unique effect results in the acother bacteria. Three such principal dispersed throughout the body where cumulation of red-colored fluids leakcharacteristics are: (1) the ability to they cause more damage and impair ing into the body cavities. multiply only in the absence of oxy- the functions of vital organs. These The diseases of the liver group are gen, (2) the ability to survive adverse three clostridial species are referred Black Disease caused by C1. novyi conditions by transforming into high- to as the muscle destroying clostridi- and Bacillary Hemoglobinuria (Red ly resistant forms called spores, and um and cause BLACKLEG, MA- Water) caused by C1. haemolyticum.
(3) the release of potent toxins dur- LIGNANT EDEMA, and SORD dis- These diseases follow a rapid course.
ing the process of multiplying. It is ease respectively. All three diseases A severe stage is usually reached bethe combination of these three char- are characterized by swelling, collect- fore any outward signs are observed. acteristics that make the clostridia ing of fluids in the tissues, and some- Often the animals are found dead highly dangerous. times producing gas in the muscle tis- rather than sick. If early signs were
In their spore form, clostridia are sues surrounding the area of infec- observed, they would include depresable to exist in the presence of oxy- tion. The swellings are seen most sion, fever, standing apart from the gen ... in the soil, on body surfaces often in the area of the hip, shoulder, herd, and reluctance to move. Many and within the healthy animal. The neck and upper leg. Affected animals would assume an arched back posclostridia do not cause disease until are usually lame and depressed, have ture with the neck extended. As the tissue is damaged to provide a favor- an elevated body temperature during disease progresses, breathing becomes able environment where the dormant the early phases of the disease, and difficult and blood-tinged froth may clostridial spores are able to trans- exhibit a drop in the body tempera- appear in the nostrils. In lingering form into active multiplying bacteria. ture to below normal as the disease cases of C1. haemolyticum, the urine During this multiplication, potent progresses. In the final stages, the de- may turn red in color, hence the toxins are released which can destroy pression worsens and the animal goes name Red Water or Bacillary Hemomuscle tissue, destroy red blood cells, down. Death usually occurs within 12 globinuria. or interrupt nerve impulses depend- hours after the appearance of clini- Gastrointestinal (gut) group: This ing upon which clostridial organ- cal disease. Because of the rapid group consists of three types of Cl. ism(s) is present. It is the common death, most cattle producers find the perfringens, Types B, C, and D-all practice to group the clostridial dis- affected animals dead, rather than three of which cause an ENTERO eases by their affinity for infection sick. TOXEMIA disease. As a group Cl.
sites in the body rather than the type Liver group: The spores of the liv- perfringens has been found in the inof toxin produced. Basically, the er group enter the body through con- testinal tract of most animals and are principal infection sites of clostridi- taminated feed and water, become es- considered to be worldwide in distrial bacteria are the muscles, the liver tablished in the intestinal tract, and bution. Almost every soil sample that and the intestines. Thus, the clostridi- eventually enter the bloodstream for has ever been examined has been al diseases are categorized into mus- distribution to the liver. Some form found to contain certain types of C1. cle group, liver group, and gastroin- of liver damage is required for the perfringens, the only exception being testinal (gut) group. activation of the spores. Common the sands of the Sahara desert.
Muscle group: These clostridial or- causes of liver damage include liver After entering the body in feed and ganisms usually enter the body through abscess, chemical or plant poisoning, water, the C1. perfringens revert from wounds and lie dormant until a suit- fatty changes in the liver, internal the spore form to the non-spore form able environment for their activation parasites, and liver flukes. The LIV- in the small intestine. Conditions occurs. Any injury, that interferes ER GROUP consists of two clos- which reduce oxygen availability can
with the blood circulation to tissues, tridia, C1. novyi and C1. haemolyti- stimulate multiplication of the bacwill often create an environment in cum also known as C1. novyi Type B teria and their release of potent toxwhich CI. chauvoei, C1. septicum and D respectively. In the presence of ins. The diseases of the gastrointestiand CI. sordelii can be activated, liver damage, the dormant spores be- nal group appear following the intake Bruises caused by butting, riding, re- come activated and multiply. As with of feeds high in soluble carbohydrates straint procedures, shipping, and the muscle group, potent toxins are and/or when the diet is changed sudclose confinement around feed bunks; produced while the bacteria are mul- denly. Excess ingestion of feed brings scratches; wounds; and lungs dam- tiplying. The toxins expand the area about a change in the rumen organ24 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




isms with a subsequent increase in ence of spores in the animal does not menting with a concentrated feed. lactic acid, producing acidosis. In ad- stimulate immunity to the activated Cattle that die from clostridial indition, partially fermented grain is al- form of the organism or to the toxins fections should be completely burned lowed to enter the small intestines they release; (3) The activated clos- or deeply buried after covering them mainly in the form of starch granules. tridia cause death before an adequate with quicklime. The clostridium orThis creates an environment favoring defense response can be mounted. ganism would be distributed throughrapid multiplication of Type D CI. With the exception of Cl. chauvoei out the carcass and would be a source perfringens. As acidosis worsens, the (blackleg), two doses of vaccine are of infection to other cattle or be transmotility of the rumen and the intes- required to insure protection against mitted by predators, scavengers or tinal tract decreases. This allows the all clostridial bacteria because a high rain water to other premises. toxin produced by the multiplying level of protective antibodies must be It has been shown that properly Type D bacteria to accumulate in the immediately available to combat the vaccinating calves with a bacterin conforward part of the small intestine active bacteria and/or their toxins, taining the muscle, liver and gut closwhere it eventually escapes into the The 1st dose of the vaccine stimulates tridia (8-way) reduced the death loss blood stream. Type C Cl. perfringens the production of a small amount of in a western feedyard by 47.3%. The is activated under conditions in the short acting antibodies and the 2nd significant reduction in death loss was small intestines produced by large dose stimulates a secondary response not surprising; a feedyard is an ideal quantities of milk, reduced intestinal which results in a large amount of site for concentrating the clostridium motility, and even lack of exercise. long lasting antibodies. Animals be- organisms that are transported by the Upon activation, the Type C bacte- ing vaccinated against any of the clos- cattle from various geographical ria multiply and produce large quan- tridial diseases for the first time regions and is considered a high-risk tities of potent toxins that damage the should receive two doses three to four time in the calves' lives. gut and are absorbed into the blood- weeks apart. Animals vaccinated un- Combination vaccines or bacterins stream. Type B Cl. perfringens has der three months of age should be are readily available to the cattle pronot been regarded as a significant revaccinated at weaning or at four to ducer. Quite often the terminology problem in the United States, even six months of age. used to market the combination bacthough some cases have been diag- To maximize the protection of terins is confusing. Terms such as
nosed. brood cows and to help assure that 4-Way, 7-Way, and 8-Way blackleg
Deaths from diseases of the gut their calves receive high levels of pro- vaccines are used to specify the numgroup occur suddenly, usually before tection from the first milk, all ber of clostridial diseases the vaccine clinical signs are seen. If observed, animals should be booster vaccinat- can stimulate the body to protect Type D disease symptoms could in- ed at least once a year. In the case against; not necessarily how many lude excitement, convulsions, and of providing adequate protection bacterins are present. For example, eventually death. These signs are against the liver group (Cl. novyi and a 7-Way Clostridial vaccine contains caused by the nerve tissue effects of Cl. haemolyticum) all animals should bacterins of CI. chauvoei, CI. septithe toxin produced by the multiply- be revaccinated every six months. A cum, CI. sordellii, Cl. novyi, Cl. pering bacteria. In Type C disease, signs guiding rule for the timing of boost- fringens Type D, and Cl. perfringens include abdominal pain or colic, de- er vaccinations should be to "revac- Type C. But when you count the pression, and "low bloat." Type C cinate before periods of extreme bacterins listed on the bottle, there
symptoms are a result of the tissue risk." For the calves, high risk times are only 6 present. The C1. perfrindestroying toxin that produces severe include the rich intake of mother's gens Type D and Type C bacterins inflammation and hemorrhage of the milk, growing on creep feed or milk will stimulate cross protection against intestinal lining, often referred to as replacers, castration, dehorning, Type B Cl. perfringens, making the "purple gut." shipping, growing on lush pastures, vaccine a 7-Way PROTECTIVE vacThe need for preinfection immuni- respiratory diseases, and finishing in cine rather than a 7-Way bacteria zation is of critical importance in the feed yard. High risk times for the vaccine. The following table may controlling all clostridial diseases be- brood cows and bulls include grazing simplify the clostridial vaccines and cause (1) Clostridial spores reside pastures infested with snails (the in- the protection stimulated. within the animal body and are wide- termediate host of the liver fluke), ly distributed in the soil; (2) The pres- grazing lush pastures, and suppleClostridial vaccines & infection review
AVAILABLE in Stimulates Protection
?-WAY Site of Against These
BACTERINS VACCINES INFECTION DISEASES
C. chauvoei 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 Muscle Blackleg
C. septicum 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 Muscle Malignant Edema
C. sordellii 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 Muscle Sord/Black Neck
C. novyi 4, 5, 7, 8 Liver Black Disease
C. haemolyticum 5, 8 Liver Red Water
C. perfringens *
Type C 7, 8 Gut Enterotoxemia
Type D 7, 8 Gut Enterotoxemia
Type B ** 7, 8 Gut Enterotoxemia
* Is available without being in a combination vaccine.
* Protection is provided for Type B C. perfringens because of the cross immunity from the
Type C & D toxoids.
THE FZLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 25




CattleW omen portunity to participate in this event.
Florida International Agricultural ,
are still Trade Council-May Tampa. Florida Florida Cattletomen, Inc.
CattleWomen, Florida Cattlemen's hard at work Association and Florida Beef Council
PRESIDENT'S BY-LINES participated. Imogene Yarborough set- 1961-1986
up and manned the booth. Beef facts, Now in our 25th year
Since my column has been devoted to recipes, membership brochures and Rt. 1, Box 596
Region II and the Cook-off for the Ways and Means items were avail- Micanopy, FL 32667
last two editions, I have tried this able. On Friday morning, beef sam- President
month to bring us up-to-date on ac- ples with teriyaki sauce was served. Sylvia P. Leitner
tivities for the past few months. Thanks to the workers: Imogene Yar- 904/466-3481
FCW Activities borough, Peggy Miller, Trudy Carey, President Elect
Liz Williams, Leslie Van Trump, Trudy Carey, Brandon
Legislative Appreciation Day- Jayne Massaro, Susan Carlton and
April-chairman Belle Jeffords. Each JyeMsao ua alo n
yArithFlorhidman Caleoefor Louise Massaro. Bob Price, executive Vice President
year the Florida CattleWomen, Flori- vice president of FCA was on hand to Peggy Miller, Bronson da Cattlemen Association and Flori- dsusmmesi n C cii
da Beef Council have a booth at this discuss membership and FCA activiRecording Secretary function which is sponsored by the ties with the many visitors. Becorin Immokalee
Department of Agriculture and Con- FCA Membership Contest-Don't sumer Affairs in Tallahassee. Beef you want to win a cruise! Let's do all Corresponding Secretary samples with teriyaki sauce was we can to assist the FCA in getting Melba Lambert Straigis, Dade City served, brochures, beef buttons and new members and renewing old memstickers given out. A large crowd was berships. For every FCA membership Treasurer
in attendance with Governor Bob you sign up get a CattleWomen mem- Janis Walter, Christmas
Martinez and many legislators stop- bership at the same time. The FCA Chaplain
ping by our booth. Thanks to Belle membership contest has been extend- Myra Davis, Lakeland
Jeffords, Deck McCall and Polly ed until July 31. Contest prizes will be Golden who assembled the booth and awarded at the September quarterly Parliamentarian
to Peggy Miller, Ruth Tucker, Myra meeting. Jeanette Barthle, Dade City
Davis and Robin Sexton, FCA secre- Florida Beef Council-in order to tary, for working in the booth. We promote our industry and our prohad a good day and enjoyed the op- duct the Florida CattleWomen and the Florida Beef Council have had a very close working relationship that has complimented each other to get the job done in our state to promote beef.
With the advent of the Beef Checkoff, which has enabled more funds to be available, the Florida CattleWomen requested and received money toward beef promotion and education projects.
The money has been well-spent, our programs well-received with much factual information spread throughout the state and nation.
In addition to the money we received, the Florida CattleWomen, Florida Beef Council and The Florida Cattlemen's Association work in a cooperative effort in many other functions during the year.
We appreciate the interest and support of FBC chairman Al Bellotto and executive director Polly Golden. They both this year, in the task of organizing the Beef Check-off in Florida, have put in untold hours to enable this program to function smoothly. And its not only this year, but in year's past and previous FBC chairmen have each contributed to a cooperative effort with the FCW to promote beef in the LAWMAKERS who visited the Florida Beef Council booth during legislative apprecia- state of Florida. tion day were greeted by (I-r) Peggy Miller, Ruth Tucker, Al Bellotto, chairman of FBC, So, it takes us all working together and Deek McCall. to make our industry better.
26 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




County News
County associations have been very ST NCR
active since the first of the year promoting beef and electing new officers. FARM & RANCH SUPPLYINC.
It's great to see so much interest
throughout the state. TAMPA, FLORIDA
Collier County-In February, the Phone collect (813) 248-6238 P.O. Box 172
Collier County CattleWomen did an Tampa, Fla. 33601
in-store promotion at the Marco Pub- Come see us at 33rd St. and East 7th Ave., Tampa
lix serving beef dip. In March they Largest inventory of Fencing for Farm & Ranch in Florida
held the Collier County Beef Cook- FARM FENCING GATEHARDWARE
off at the Naples Pavilion Publix with
Patricia Whisnant from Immokalee BARBED WIRE ELECTRIC FENCE
the winner. They served beef dip for GAUCHO BARBED WIRE SYSTEMS
two hours. In April they donated
favors for Region II. In May Tell-the- POULTRY NETTING AMERICAN POWER PULLS
Farm Story was held at the Naples FARM GATES HI LIFT JACKS
Coastland Mall from 10 a.m.-5:00 Galvanized steel, wire WELDED WIRE
p.m. using the Beef Council's new
commercials and a drawing for a $35 GALVANIZED ROOFING HARDWARE CLOTH
beef gift certificate. The officers elect- 5-V-Crimp NAILS Bright or
ed for 1987-88 are as follows: Mildred FENCE POSTS Steel. galvanized.
Sherrod, president; Connie Mercer,
vice-president; Karen Howell, secre- STAPLES W E DELIVER
tary; Betty Jo Brown, treasurer;
Louise Floyd, state director. These are
some of the many ways CattleWom- CCo mplete A.I. RED ANGUS/RED BRANGUS
en have an impact within their county. I1 I Serice Bulls for Sale
Collier County has had a beef promo- HIDDEN VALLEY RANCH
tion or education project just about BEEF-DAIRY
every month. These activities and per- Quality Semen Supplies Jack Sweger Eddie Gassaway
(813) 461-2809 Ranch Mgr
sonal contacts with consumers really 305-348-4475 (904) 796-5868 (904) 796-7082
(Continued on page 62) 813-746-6362 24201 Hayman Rd. Brooksville, FL 33512
RED ANGUS
PRODUCTION SALE
Selling 100+ performance-rated Red Angus
September 5, 1987 at 1 p.m.
at the farm, Jay, Florida
100 Select performance-rated females 30 young super cows
20 weaned open heifers
10 weaned bull calves
50 bred heifers
10 performance-rated 2-year-old bulls
Some of the very best Red Angus available. A 15 month old Enfinger Red Angus bull, weighing 1500 pounds, sold in the February '87 Kissimmee All-Breed bull sale to Bruce Partin of Kissimmee for $1650.
Top of any breed at the 1986 Ocala Bull Sale was an Enfinger Red Angus for $2550. They are growthy, performance-rated, and have the preferred red color. Don't miss this investment opportunity. Please
write for a sale catalog.
Al Enfinger Red Angus Farm Route 3, Box 683, Jay, Florida 32565
Telephone 904-994-7033
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 27




Screwworms
threaten
Heldon Ranch state again
Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle Registered Brangus Cattle Conner recently asked all south Florida livestock owners and veterinarians Route 2A, Box 240H to step up all livestock inspections as
Morriston, Florida 32668 a precaution against a potential
screwworm outbreak.
The action followed confirmation by USDA animal health officials that a hunting dog infested with screwworm larvae passed through the Miami International Airport earlier this month.
Conner said screwworms are a serious pest to livestock. A parasitic larvae of a blowfly species, screwworms attack warmblooded animals, feeding on flesh in open wounds. If wounds are left untreated, serious injuries can result, including death. An untreated infestation can kill a grown steer in 10 days.
.. .......A simple infestation can produce
more than 300 flies in 21 days. The female fly lays eggs on an open wound and as the eggs hatch, tiny larBrinks Estra 136R2 Calved 8/18/83 ET 4th Generation vae begin feeding on the flesh. Any
warmblooded animal with an un28 Mo.-Hip Ht. 62"-Wt. 2180-Scrotal Cir. 44 cm treated wound, even as small as a tick
bite, is a potential victim.
Therefore, Conner urged all south 8,,,, w.ong Y, ,,Ig 140-OWG,T-, Florida livestock owners to inspect
W 2.. . ; O- 20 o, . 3,, wDA C. 5 Co A G C oo i livestock at least twice per week; al95 ET 272 No 696 333 13 11 1318 336 12 112 33 336 20 107lv stt at o pe r oek; a lways treat open wounds; and immediately consult a veterinarian or state animal health official if any maggots Florida raised performance tested bulls for sale. Registered cows are found feeding on live flesh.
and heifers for sale. Certified herd. In addition to stepped-up livestock
surveillance, Conner said biological control is also being used. The USDA Animal and Plant Donald L. Smith Mendel Cline Health Inspection Service released
flies sterilized by irradiation twice a week for six weeks in the immediate 904-694-2600 904-528-4676 area of the airport as a precautionary measure.
"Florida agricultural officials felt Hardee Farms strongly about using sterile flies when
hf "Practically Ra15et screwworm eradication efforts were
Performance Tested instituted in 1958, and we feel the
Brngus, Angus, Bloods L A N D & C A T T L E C O. same way today," Conner said. "We
P.O.Box 505 Registered Brangus must take all of the necessary precauFrits Van Vlissingen, 404/553-5437 tions to avoid the risk of reinCharlO Hardeen..................(904) 493-4472 One Route 2, Box 16 gestation."
Chrls Hardee .................... (904) 493-42 Tommy Cashion, Mgr Woodbury, GA 30293
ChrisHardee ....................... (904) 493-1204 The United States was declared
Hank Petersen ..................... (W4) 493494 E free of screwworms in 1966 after the
ji. Reg. Brangus Commercial Cattle release of billions of sterile flies, acBrangus 0 I Bulls cording to Bert Hawkins, administraGRANADA ar D Ranch tor of the USDA's Animal and Plant
Health Inspection Service. P.O. Box 70 Weok, TX 77882 Clinton Dicks Terry Dicks Small infestations have occurred
409/82&56O 904/752-2733 904/752-1093 since then, mostly along the MexicanWSTERN DMVSON Route 3, Box 138E
306 Ano u Davis, CA 95616 U.S. border. The last such infestation
916/758-5410 LAKE CITY, FLORIDA 32055 was in Texas in August 1982.
28 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




BRA
15 month old Exacto son.
Maternal Strength and Performance
We are combining our proven Maternal Strength with Top
Performing bulls to produce what the Commercial Market needs. Production and Performance!
A Manager:
Brady Pfeil 813-494-7302
Owners: Albert and Barbara Carlton
813-773-6867 "80," 13-year-old proven producer of top cattle.
MO BRANGUS Brangus Cattle
REGISTERED
PERFORMANCE TESTED N-W RANCH
Mo Williams Joann Wingo 904-447-3372
305-869-5866 11 S. Lake Drive BRANGUS
Sorrento, FL Inglis, Florida 32649 674 N.W. 113thDie Okchobee, Fla 34972
4 miles East of Mt. Dora 813-763-7882
Black Bay Citrus Registered
Smoak's Land & Cattle Co. BRANGUS
R rBlue Ribbon Ranch Breeder
Quality Brangus Cattle Rt. 6, Box 680
quality Brangus Cattle DeFuniak Spgs., FL 32433
Claude Smoak-owner (904) 892-5749
P.O. Box 676 Office: 904-394-4267 Gary Brown, Manager Rt. 1, Box 487 892-5749
Minneola, FL 32755 Home: 904-394-4277 813-494-3429 Arcadia, FL 33821 L. PECK CA WTHON, SR.
Owner
711 HAYMANS 711 Carlton's Heldon Ranch
SEVEN ELEVEN RANCH Bar A Brangus Registered Brangus
REGISTERED & COMMERCIAL Brady Pfeil, Manager Donald L. Smith
BRANGUS, BRAFORD, BRAHMAN 813-494-7302 904-694-2600
W.P. (Bill) Hayman Jr. 305/436-1062 Rt. 1, Box 215 Rt. 2A, Box 240H
Terry 8lount 305/436-1002
POB Box 117 Kenansville, F1 L 32739 Arcadia, FL 33821 Morriston, FL 32668
Emmett C. Harrison 5M en
P.O. Box 1133 Your Ad LAKE RANCH
2104 Ridgetop Dr.
Tallahassee, FL 32302 Could Go REGISTERED BRANGUS
Home (904) 385-3056 Here FRANK P.O. Box 209
Office (904) 224-6101 KREMSER MADISON, FL 32340
Registered (912) 377-1300 OWNER PH (904) 973-6815
Brangus Cattle Farm (912) 872-3332




Solar Recharge
A.
Used and Endorsed byI
BOB LILLY Modern Grey Brahman
Former Dallas Cowboy, All-Pro Tackle and Brahmousin
and Professional Football Hall of Fame I ......
AutmaicBoyce H. Blackmon, owner
Wildlife P.O. Box 2435, Sarasota, FL 33578
Auto atie id le 813/371-6462 or 377-6236
Feeders
MARCIE PARTIN AND TODD LAUGH REY
Accuracy echarge i were married recently in Kissimmee. Both
Accuracyare Animal Science students at the Univer- Registered and Commercial Brahman I There'saSWEENEYFeedersizedtofiteveryI sity of Florida. Marcie is the daughter of C. H. Beville feeding need, Feeddeer,turkey, quail or fish.1 Mike and Janet Partin, Kissimmee.Telephone 904793-2081 Walpole Feed & Supply BUSHNELL, FLORIDA 33513
U.S. Highway 98 Brucellosis certification numbers
OKEECHOBEE FLORIDA ABBA Brahm n purebred herd: 5863-0001
OKEHBE FLORIDAtI iiauincmmercIall herd: 5863
Office: 8131763-6905 Night: 8131763-0834
..... -, symposium set
I----------------------------- smoiu e
Registered & CommercialChp a Colr
Brangus Cattle Members of the American Brahman Chapman & Collier
Reg Quarter Horses Breeders Association (ABBA) will Registered Brahman Cattle
LTFLE SPRINGS FARM host their second annual National Certifed & Accredited for TB & Bangs
James M. (Buddy) Adams Darrell Gray Brahman Symposium and Ranch Manse & Imperater Breeding
404/786-8900 Farm 434/787-5397 Olympics August 12-14 at the Hilton A. R. Chapman and Wayne Collier, owners
59 Moore Farm Rd. Hotel, College Station, Texas. Ph. 813/773-9528 or 813/773-3161,
COVINGTON GA 30209 The event, expected to draw 250 Route 2, Box 218, Wauchula, Fla. 33873
people, will be held immediately folCircle R Ranch lowing the Texas A&M Beef Cattle Lazy calif Ranch
REG. ANGUS & BRANGU5 Conference August 10-11. Both programs are aimed at producers, be they Registered Brahmans
ARKY E. ROGERS. OWNER purebred or commercial, and are bill- and Quarter Horses
904/752-2103 Rt. 6, Box 175 ed as "Beef Week in Texas." The pro- Barthle Brothers
LAKE CITY, FLORIDA 32055 grams will focus on our final pro- P. o. Box36
Located 7 miles south on US. 41 duct-beef. Carcass traits, consumer Phone 904/588-3716
preferences and packers specifications
are topics of discussions.
ABBA's educational program is
.-J D scheduled for Wednesday afternoon
=( Tommy Cashion
T' )( ommeshn and Thursday all day, August 12-13.
P r e s.O T h e r a n c h o l y m p i c t e a m c o n t e s t s u n C E N T R A L fold on both nights. Then on Friday FL O IDA
404-553-5731 Res. or 404-553-5437 Off. morning, August 14, ABBA's Brah- BRAHMAN
Rt. 2, Box 16, Woodbury, Ga. 30293 man Futurity grading will take place DREEDERS
at the Louis Pearce Pavilion on the
"TEST and WEIGH Texas A&M Campus. On Friday af- G. A. Tucker & Sons
Cocoa/Rockledge, Florida
TO MAKE BEEF CATTLE PAY" ternoon, the association's board of (305) 636-2390
Ask about Joining-Contact directors is to meet at the Hilton A. Duda & Sons, Incdiet r s t et a h it nCoco. Florida
BOB SAND Hotel. ABBA is sponsoring a trade ECKMAN (305) 636-3966
F1CIA Sec'y. show at the Hilton in conjunction Umtiid Fl
BC 231 Animal Science Bldg. with the educational programs. The (04) 669-521
University of Florida p9rt ra
A-..... Gainesville, FL 32601 first 30 applicants will purchase booth (813) 294l9262
space.
30 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




IRONWOOD THANKS SAN LUIS
Guayaquil, Equador
IRONWOOD FARMS would like to take this opportunity to thank Mr. Henry Williams A. of Hacienda San Luis, Guayaquil, Equador
for his recent purchase of this outstanding young herd sire, "IF
IRON LEONA's SPEC 532."
SHOW WINNINGS:
1986 Central Fla. Fair: Class winner
1986 NE Fla. Fair: Res. Jr. Champion 1986 S. Ala. State Fair: Jr. Champion
1986 N. Fla. Fair: Class winner
1986 Gr. Jacksonville Fair: Class winner 1986 S. Ga. Legion Fair: Jr. Champion 1986 Nat. Peanut Festival. Class winner
1987 Fla. State Fair: 2nd in class
1987 Kissimmee Valley Fair: Res. Grand Champion
1987 Central Fla. Fair: Class winner
PERFORMANCE INFORMATION Birth weight: 80 lbs. 205 day weight: 619 lbs. 365 day weight: 1020 lbs. Hip ht. 57" PERFOMNCEESTD A
18 month weight: 1400 lbs. Hip ht. 60" PROMNETSE RYBAMN
Present weight: 1700 lbs. Hip ht. 62" Bill & DiAnne Thompson
Ranch: 904/929-4.346
Home: 904/929-4924
Route 3 Box 1428
Madison Florida 32340




Junior Brahman
Show is
July 20-25
Approximately 1000 young Brahman
breeders and their parents will gather
in Angleton, Texas on July 20-25 for
the largest annual Brahman event in ALACRAN 005
Aretop America. Pure Gir-Imported from Brazil
Mosta entleThe "All American" National Semen Available-Cattle For Sale
Junior Brahman Show sponsored by IAMPTON
d & F the American Junior Brahman As- "HOUSE
East Palatka sociation is scheduled to take place at Star Rt. Box 77 J.L. Gladwell
90/36-r8 the Brazoria County Fairgrounds. Hampton, FL 904-964-8613
This year's show is hosted by the
Registered Red and Gray Brahmans Texas Junior Brahman Association. Registered & Commercial Brahman Cattle
egistdR ay BRO HmS Prior to AJBA events beginning on
DAUGHTRY BROTHERS July 23, the Texas young people will KABAR RANCH
have their show and other related ac- H. 0. Kennedy & Sons
tivities July 20-22. Close to 650 head 13503 Ranch Rd.
Rt. 2 Box 388 Ja & Mike of bulls and females are expected to Jacksonville, Fa. 32218
Wauchula, FL Daughtry be exhibited at this yersshow. Lee PH: 904/757-3643
8131773-9285 Owners year's Corner of 1-95 and entrance of Jacksonville
813/773-9285 I'S Pritchard of Crowley, Texas has been International Airport.
selected to judge.
EE RIVER RANCH In addition to the cattle judging, a Edward L. "Geech" Partin
J. Roy Dee, Owner queen will be named, public speak- Heart Bar Ranch
2700 N. Dee River Rd. ing contests held, futurity judging as
Inverness, Florida 32650 well as a calf prospect sale will also Gentle, Good Pigmented, Beefy
Ranch office: 904-726-0826 take place. Gray Brahmans
ba rn: 904-726-0822 The 900-member youth organiza- 1358 Kings Highway t G 904-344-103 tion, AJBA, hosts one of the largest Kissimmee, FL 32743 Registered Gray Brahmans summer shows in the U.S. Calves and 305-846-2194
youth will travel from as far away as
Florida to attend the festivities. REGISTERED
DIAMOND RANCH In releasing the dates of the week,
Wendell Schronk, American Brah- -QUALITY
-VERY GENTLE
Red & Speckled Brahmans man Breeders Association said, "Our -REASONABLY PRICED
P. 0. Box 836 youth program is without doubt our ... n' that ain't no bull!
WAUCHULA, FLORIDA 33873 greatest promotional arm of the ED AND RICK ROSE
Ph: 813/773-9450 breed. These kids represent the finest LAKE CITY, FL
in America and are some of the best -----2fitters and showmen in the cattle q
business. We are very fortunate for
having the dedicated parents and
supporters we do for our youth
A s, Inc. program." FARMS
4900 ;SawmlllGrade Over $10,000 in premiums and REGISTERED BRAHMANS
Route 3. Gtaceville. Florida 32440
Cocoa FL 32922 awards will be presented at the week's 904/263-6895
Phone 3051636.3966 Jimmy Register
Nights 3061636-6412 end. Richard Register 904/263-475
The 1988 "All American" Junior
Brahman Show and ABBA National FLORIDA Show is scheduled to be held in June Gentle, Quality
/liahman at Tampa. BRAHMAN CATTLE
ASSOCIA TION Rocking S Ranch
1510 Henry Partin Road P.O. Box 935, Wauchula, FL 33873
Red meat is one of the best sources Marcus Shackelford L.M. Shackelford Kissimmee, FL 32743 813/773-4616 813/773-9133
305-846-2168 of iron because it contributes both
heme and nonheme iron. About 23
Brahman Cattle percent of heme iron is available to
the human body. Only 3 to 8 percent G. T. STACK & SONS
International of dietary nonheme iron is available. REGISTERED BRAHMANS
Ranch The "Meat Factor" present in animal P.O. Box 1082
tissues helps the body absorb and use Brandon, FL 33511
P. 0. Box 1765 nonheme iron from meat and other Office & Ranch 813/689-3285
Clewiston, FL 33440 foods. Source: National Live Stock Home 813/689-3920
Ph: 8131983-7773 (Off.) and Meat Board.
32 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




------ ...... ... .




Feed Florida Molasses -f
... rich in easily
digestible energy V
\4~~V ~'4I 11 Aiv
Florida Molasses Exchange, Inc.
31 West 20th Street-P.O. Box 10644
Riviera Beach, Florida 33404
305/848-3301 -IBie l s s
0..0 Bruceliosis:
Registered Brahman Cattle The veterinarian and the health certificate
J. K STUA RT (This is another article in a series procedures to prevent the spread of
about brucellosis distributed by the disease; keep informed of state and Florida Brucellosis Information federal policies/regulations/proceBARTOW FLORIDA 33830 Committee. This material was pre- dures and advise livestock owners or
pared by Ed. Richey, extension shippers accordingly; administer all
veterinarian, University of Florida. It vaccines as instructed by the regulaWilliams Brothers Ranch is intended to provide livestock tory agencies; and be responsible for
Performance tested Gray Brahmans producers with a clearer understand- the proper use of certificates, forms,
Danny Williams ing of the disease they are fighting.) records, tags, and brands used in ac147 Southwest 19-C To be able to issue a health certifi- creditation work.
Archer, Florida 32618 cate for the movement of livestock, In any situation where the adminisTelephone: 904/495-9888 a veterinarian must become accredit- trator of the USDA-Animal and
ed by the USDA. A Veterinary Ac- Plant Inspection Service has reason
creditation Regulation was set up in to believe that any accredited
DUAL SHORTHORNS 1970 to put into legal terms the veterinarian has not complied with
RIDGECREST FARM, INC. cooperative practices that had devel- the "Standards for Accredited VetMrs. Paul R. Lewis & Sons oped in the joint State/Federal activi- erinarians," the administrator may
Breeders of fine dual purpose Shorthorns ties. The regulation established the re- suspend the accreditation of a vet(Durhams) since 1964. Purebred bulls and females
available at all times. AnguslShorthorn cross and quirements for accreditation, the erinarian. That veterinarian may no other cross-bred heifers also available, standards of performance, and the longer participate in any regulatory
MORE SIZE MORE MILK HIGHER MATERNAL TRAITS
Rt. 1 Box 233 (904) 997-5592 rules for suspension or revocation of work or issue health certificates for
Monticello, Fla. 32344 (904) 878-3155 the accreditation when it becomes the interstate or foreign movement of
necessary. animals. Veterinary practitioners
REGISTERED POLLED SHORTHORNS The requirements for accreditation have been made acutely aware that
Growthy-Rugged include that the veterinarian be a they must maintain accountability for
TB & Bang's Certified Herd
Fully Acclimated for Southern Conditions graduate of a college of veterinary the accredited work they do for their
PINEVIEW FARMS medicine, be licensed to practice in clients.
Paul Ragans, owner the state, sign an agreement to com- Suspension or revocation of acRoute 2 Ph: 904/971-5417 ply with the "Standards for Accredit- creditation has occurred for many
Madison, Florida 32340 ed Veterinarians," pass an accredita- reasons. The more recent causes in5 mvies list on atS 90
tion examination, and be recom- clude, but are not limited to:
mended for accreditation by the state 1) Failure to record the number of
Specializing in Brahman and veterinarian and the USDA. animals in a shipment and to list earBrahman influenced cattle The "Standards for Accredited tag numbers.
Sweetwater Cattle Service Veterinarians" dictate that the ac- 2) The veterinarian authorized emComplete Cattle Services credited veterinarian must inspect the ployees to complete and sign a health
Jay Daughtry, Owner livestock prior to signing and issuing certificate for interstate movement of
813-773-9285 a certificate; that certificates, forms, livestock.
Rt. 2, Box 388, Wauchula, FL 33873 and reports be accurate, complete, 3) Signing brucellosis vaccination
and distributed according to instruc- records for cattle that the veterinaritions; must indicate on the certificate an had not vaccinated and served SMITH RANCH if another veterinarian has performed only as a signing agent for a nonSHORTHORNS any regulatory work pertaining to the accredited veterinarian.
Polled and Horned anypregt o rtertani n to te accrei in aan.
Our herd is Federally Certified for Brucellosis (No. shipment of these animals; that tests 4) Pre-signing health certificates
400) & Accredited for T.B. and vaccinations will be applied ac- and leaving the certificates at the disPauline N. Smith-Owner cording to prescribed techniques; re- postal of an employee or a livestock
813/293-2930 Winter Haven, Fla. 33880
Ranch off SR 542 on Buckeye Rd. 3 miles N.E. port any disease condition to the shipper to be filled in "later."
regulatory agencies; follow sanitary (Continued on page 72)
34 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




BETTER BULLS
Dubo's Mr Universe 77 Dubo 38/1
BL Dubo 38/1 +JK Sugar Crata 45+JK Sugar Crata 45 + W's Rexcrata 402
BL Dubo 38/1 I+JK Sugar Crata 45
ADS Duson's Holly Whit's 251
Tonto Bano Manso ADS Duson's Big John
36 OLP Miss Tonto Bano 662/2 ADS Duson's Holly
6 OLP Miss Riley + ADS Queen de Manso 708
If you're looking for quality, gentle beef-type Brahmans, look no further.
At Partin & Partin our cattle are expected to produce and perform
consistently. We have an exceptional group of commercial bulls for sale.
Also, herdsire prospects and show quality bulls and females available
this fall.
In the near future we will have semen available on our herdsires Dubo 38/1 and Country Boy. Stop by the ranch and take a look for yourself.
YOU KNOW WHERE
TO FIND THEM
PARTIN & PARTIN HEART BAR RANCH
KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA
305-846-2168
Sybil Partin Mike Partin




PasIt On HW
SENSE D
Acadiana
There I was north of Cankton, Louisiana, listening to Sheryl Cormier and the All Lady Cajun Band. I was on a fact finding mission. My object was to see if Cajuns were real. The band played French music. Lots of fiddle and accordian. The crowd looked like the same good ol' boys I see around the country except for one thing, they understood the words to the songs! They all spoke to each other in French!
Thinking it was staged for my benefit, I checked further the next day. Every place I stopped to visit, from Mamou to Delcambre, folks conversed in French. They didn't mind speaking English which also sounded like French, but in fact, was Cajun. They love to hunt and fish and drink beer. Maybe that's why the Louisiana license plate calls itself, "The Sportsman's Paradise."
I was there during the peak of crawfish season. It looked to me like every farmer down there had crawfish traps. They flood their rice fields and put out the traps, 20 or 30 to the acre. They bait them and the next day they wade through the paddies pushing a little crawfish boat which they dump the crawfish traps into. The market was down to 30 cents a pound when I was there so every roadside stand, dairy queen and convenience store was selling crawfish. I ate them until I could walk backwards faster than I could forward!
South Louisiana (pronounced sout, like pout, Loozy Anna) is boggy country. It is covered with swamps, bayous, lakes, canals and piney woods. On the cleared ground they grow rice, soybeans and a few bug-resistant Brahmas. Oil and minerals add to the economy, but the everyday workin' man is tied to the water.
Driving through Acadiana, as the Cajun part of Louisiana is called, is an experience. You pass signs like Bobby Picou for Sheriff, Fontenot's Slaughter House, Robicheaux Funeral Home, Guidrey's One Stop, LaFleur's Pipe Fitting and the Bayou Terrebonne Net Repair. There are a few St. James, St. Martin's and St. Mary's, but it is obvious that the (Continued on page 60)
36 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




TBRAHMANS a
BEDERS
Striving to make the Best Better
!a
i /4
Kattie's Show Bull 394/1 Dru's Show Heifer 314/1
WIW
Kattie's Cow 350/1 and calf
For Better Cows you need Better Bulls. We have both. Come by
and see for yourself anytime day or night, seven days a week,
whether you need Brahmans, Simmental or Braford type bulls or
females.
G.A.TUCKER & SONS
REGISTERED BRAHMTAROSSBRED CATTLE
PHONE: 305/636-2390 NIGHT: 305/636-6840 4125 SOUTH FISKE BLVD ROCKLEDGE, FLORIDA 32955




Court ruling
ADAMS RANCH, ,INC, on property
P.O. Box 1030, Fort Pierce, Fla. 34954 rights prased
Member of International Braford Association
Home of the Crossed Seven Brand Braford A recent decision by the United States
Supreme Court declaring that propCancer eye is a prevailent and costly disease in some breeds erty owners must be compensated
of cattle. During the 1940's and 50's we had herds of crossbred when new zoning regulations unreaBraham and Hereford cattle that were prone to cancer eye. We sonably restrict use of land-even did not know if it was contagious, infectious, or hereditary. temporarily-is a milestone victory However, as soon as a lesion was observed the animal was for property owners, according to
removed from the herd and sent to slaughter. They were not
treated and no replacements were saved from these cattle. Most Florida Farm Bureau Federation'sicof these animals were lacking eye pigment so replacements (bulls gal counsel.
and heifers) were selected with pigmented eyes. Since that time "Farmers and all other owners of the problem is almost non existant in the Crossed Seven private property have reason to be
Brafords and is found in less than one cow per thousand. elated at this decision," said Farm Bureau General Counsel Scottie Butler.
ADAMS RANCH BRAFORD BULLS are good individuals. They are "The decision is a signal victory for the
selected from the top 10% of the calf crop and are out of citizens and landowners of this state
outstanding cows. and this country. The court, by this
decision, has preserved private property rights, the very bedrock upon
which this country was founded."
Butler noted that Farm Bureau, the
state's largest general interest agricultural organization, has worked
long and hard to protect landowners'
rights against the encroachments of
unfair restrictions on land use. He
said the high court's decision "is extremely fitting during this bicentennial year of the United States' Constitution. It shows that the restraints
imposed on the government by our
founding fathers still work.
"We know this will go against the
grain of many zealous groups that
would impose a modern-day type of
servitude on landowners," said Butler. "The decision gives landowners
These bulls are from a rigid selection program of 40 years culling recourse against defacto confiscation for eye pigment, production, and easy calving. They will transmit of property by governments and their these qualities to their calves. They are raised on pasture and will agencies through onerous restraints
work well under range conditions. Their heat tolerance will keep on property use."
them with the cows when other bulls have quit. The Supreme Court ruling in a suit
Give us a call: Alto "Bud" Adams, Jr. brought by a church in California
J.R. Skaggs or Mike Adams was based on the Fifth Amendment,
office: 305.461-6321 or evenings: 305-461-2758 which states that private property
may not "be taken for public use,
without just compensation."
Braford Cattle
r ford Sunny Grove Ranch Florida breeders
International Draford Ft. Drum, Florida buy Longhorns
Association, Inc. RIP STOREY W.D. RANDALL The top selling cow at the South EastP0.ox Foreman Owner ern Texas Longhorn Sale, held reP. 0. Sox 2727
FORT PIERCE, FLORIDA 33454 Tel. 813-763-8816 P.O. Box 1988 cently at Montgomery, Alabama,
13051 461-6409 Orlando, FL 32802 was purchased by Richard and June
Mathews of Brooksville. The
It has been proven time and time Mathews' paid $2100.
again that a regular advertising pro- e The second top selling cow in the
gram will help your personal sales efforts. And, whether you are selling e sale was purchased by Florida breedpurebred livestock or other products ers Nathe and Gude of Dade City.
related to the livestock industry, the atl, e m a a best way to reach all of Florida's in- AND LIVESTOCK JOURNAL dustry is in The Florida Cattleman. ALvT JO L
Let us help. KISSIMMEE, FLA. 32741 Join your local county Cattlemen's
Association.
38 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




Weaning EBV-106 Maternal EBV-103
A st
M20 is a prime example of a consistent performer. Be- RDR ROBERT 469L M20
ing sired by 469L, a Weaning and Yearling Weight X23071738-Calved: Dec. 2, 1985-Tattoo: RE M20: LE M20RDR
Trait Leader and out of a super-milking Victor Domino cow with 212, 678, 859 and J3 Victor bulls in her londike Banner WSF PRL Justa Banner PRL 7 Bet 517B pedigree is impressive, but there is more. At eight 469L X21830773 GSDTL:WYMTP ........ Hazel H M Bonnie 20X
Florida shows in 1986-87, M20 was named calf cham- GTGPTL:WY ......... Klondike Wilma 552H Klondike A One 91A
................ o ....i Klondike Prncss 89B
pion seven times, reserve grand champion two times RDR Donna G4 F15 RWJ Victor 212 G4 RWJ Victor J3 212
and grand champion three times, plus being named X22236118 ........................... RWJ Victoria 678 332
Florida's Premier Polled Hereford Bull. He is a "Con- ................... RWJ Victoria 859 387 RWJ Victor J3 859
sistent Performer," in the pasture, on the scales, or ... RWJ Miss Rollo 056
in the showing.
Home of the 1986-87 Florida Premier Polled Hereford Bull and Exhibitor Awards.
Bob Reed, owner Dean Bush, manager
1116 N. Edgewood Ave. Rt. 1, Box 173
Jacksonville, FL 32205 Bryceville, FL 32009
Certified & Accredited 904/879-2476, 904/786-3220
APHA Guidelines




Connor calls
for Bang's
cooperation
Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner made special appearances at two meetings recently held by the Florida Brucellosis Information Committee. Conner addressed a meeting on June 3 at Bartow, and on June 4 at Arcadia.
Large numbers of cattle producers turned out for both meetings to get the latest word on the brucellosis eradication program in Florida.
Conner emphasized that significant progress has been made and the intensified effort is still underway to reduce the infection rate in south Florida, the remaining "C" area of the state. He LOCAL CATTLEMEN showed a lot of interest in the brucellosis program at a meeting said that only two states remain with in Polk County. "C" classifications-Florida and Louisiana. The "C" class is the lowest classificiation, indicating the highest herd infection rate, in the nation.
Important dates emphasized at the meeting were October 1, 1988, and October 1, 1990. Conner said that the 1988 date is the deadline to bring all of Florida to the "B" classification, and the 1990 date is deadline for "A" classification.
The Commissioner also said that several states are still planning to refuse to accept Florida cattle (or any cattle from any "C" state) as of July 1. The latest number of states expected to join the ban on cattle from "C" states is 23.
Conner called for the cooperation of all cattle producers to expidite the testing program in order to reduce the COMMISSIONER Conner called for MANAGING herds to minimize brucelloherd infection rate as soon as possi- cooperation to move forward with the sis was covered by Ed Richey. ble. "If we want to continue to sell program. our cattle for top prices we must move forward with the program," he said.
Conner was introduced at both meetings by past FCA presidents. Al Bellotto of Lakeland did the honors in Polk County, and Kayo Welles, Arcadia, introduced Conner in DeSoto County.
The meetings were coordinated by Ed Richey, extension veterinarian for the University of Florida, and chairman of the Florida Brucellosis Information Committee. Paul Beckton, DVM, Tallahassee, was also on hand at both meetings to answer questions about the program.
Massey-Ferguson tractors with manufacturing plants in the U.S., United Kingdom, France and Italy, reported that between them they AL BELLOTTO said Florida's calf market QUESTIONS about Florida's program earned a trading profit last year of depends on the state's ability to move were answered by Paul Beckton. $46.9 (U.S.) million, cattle.
40 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




We have a Bull for you
AEW Bow Elefante 269 1986-87 Florida Premier Brahman Bull
iv
Example of excellent young bulls
avillil ibl(, for S, Ie cl of earhn, B '(1hfI'Ir3f Dtj;!, cw ,'J
-These rlre: fro n fhe top bloodlines n the country.
vv ty i,erdsire or top q;Icility
\Y/[- ther Your n-eed,; r,;, -ju 11
i t l I 1
6ulls, Cr( ,senf 0 ReInct, rh(-, bull, "or vluj.
Crescent 0 Ranch %%-Mwoe
Kiss!mmee, Ft.
Larr Wrjale /,
7 30--)/8W-4(YXZ




air,
. . . .....
-wo"ll moll
75A N? 4(, 4
4L




Don't just think of
what Ivom iec eliminates,
but what it creates.
Killmore parasites As you can see, even if you
that steal nutrition from combine a wormer with a
pour-on, you'll still miss many
the cows andyou could of the parasites that Ivomec
get more calves. gets, including the immatures
Even a genetically sound cow that can develop after treatment
can have trouble recycling, with other products.
breeding, and carrying a calf if In this way Ivomec eliminates
she's been damaged by parasites a lot of the uncertainty associated
or been forced to compete with with those other products, and parasites for her nutrition, creates a better opportunity to
That's one reason many increase production.
producers have had to settle for NUMBER OF PARASITES CONTROLLED
fewer calves and lower weaning IVOMEC TRAMISOL* WARBEX*
weights than are possible. MAT WORMS 13 9
For this reason, considering I1E WOs 0
what a calf is worth, it makes GRUBS 2 2
good business sense to control as MANE 2
many of these costly parasites as TOTAL 31 14
you can. IVOMEC(' CONTROLS MORE PARASITES COMPARED TO OTHER BRANDS.
Which treatment offers you To find out more about what
the most control? Well, look at this advantage can mean to your the chart and judge for yourself profits, ask your veterinarian or And keep in mind that Ivomec* local dealer about Ivomec, the (ivermectin) works more convenient injectable with the
effectively wide margin of safety.
(ivermectn)
MSD AGVET Division of Merck & Co., Inc., Rahway, NJ 07065-0912, USA IVOMEC (ivermectin) is a registered trademark of Merck & Co., Inc.,
Rahway, NJ 07065, Copyright 1987 Merck & Co, Inc., Rahway, NJ 07065, USA. All rights reserved.IVB7-06015-AJA
*Reg. TM American Cyanamid Co.




Santa Gertrudis Breeders
Plan World Congress
The Fourth International Santa Ger- by the Australian Santa Gertrudis trudis World Congress will be in Bris- Breeders Association. bane, Australia, August 2-7, 1987. The First International Santa GerOver 150 cattle breeders and other in- trudis Congress was held in Austraterested persons from the United lia in 1975, the second in Sao Paulo, States have signed up for the Con- Brazil in 1978, and the third in Dalgress. In addition to the United States las, Texas, in 1981. The congress is and Australia, Santa Gertrudis breed- open to all interested persons. For DIETRICH'S Flying D Ranch, Orlando, ers from Brazil, Colombia, Argen- more information, contact: Santa showed the grand champion bull at the tina, South Africa, Zimbawae and Gertrudis Breeders International, Southeastern Santa Gertrudis Breeders Futurity, held recently at Lawrenceville,
other countries will attend. Box 1257, Kingsville, Texas 78364, Georgia. The winner, Doubloon Stuff
Highlights planned by the Aus- 512-592-9357. D562, competed against cattle from eight
tralian Santa Gertrudis Breeders As- states.
sociation include a tour to the Gold Black Bull females Coast, trips to Togoolawah for the Black Bull Top Gun heifer at side.
Robenlea Ranch Sale and to Mac- bring top prices Joe Feduccia of Monticello, Missisquarie Downs for the King Ranch Black Bull Cattle Company's first sippi was the buyer at $2050. Sale, the Royal Livestock Show in private treaty female sale, patterned Second top was a Black Bull Top Brisbane, harness racing and a polo after its annual "Opening Day" fall Gun daughter, safe in calf to 4S Ponmatch. Many distinguished speakers bull sale, saw 15 pairs claimed at a derosa. She went to Wayne Goodnite will participate in World Congress $1467 average, with two fall 1986 of Senatobia, Mississippi, for $1250, seminars. heifers, split from their dams, selling with her October Rito 9J9 heifer
The group from the United States at $750 each. The sale was held at claimed at $750 by Claire Evans of departs July 30, from San Francisco Benton, Mississippi. Greenwood, Mississippi.
and returns from Brisbane August 8. Top selling pair was a Lundell of Volume buyers were Goodnite Several post-Congress tours of Aus- Wye daughter, safe in calf to Black and Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, tralia and New Zealand are offered Bull B and M, with a November Alabama.
Progressive Genetics ...
... your Full-Service Reproduction facility featuring Custom Semen
Collection, Embryo Transfer and Custom Breeding Services.
For further information please contact:
rI3551 W P.O. Box 1378
GeffetkF-. Bartow, Florida 33830
W813/533-4196 and 294-9262
A Division of Stuart Family Partnership
44 / THE FLORIDA CAFLEMAN / JULY 1987




4 >
THE CRSSB1EEDING i.DVAT
Tosucceed in today' catte idustry, iyou ned the crossbeedn
adata o ata ertudd b ulls:
h~ trgains
p ium wihtlencrcse
suero relcmn agtr
~,
Sant Gertui Crosbed epaceen




Short course
underscores
needed change
The beef industry is changing. Topics covered at the 1987 Beef Cattle Short Course underscored the many changes ahead for all phases of the business. One of the largest crowds in recent years turned out for the event, held May 6-8, at the Gainesville Hilton at Gainesville.
Speakers from all segments of the beef industry were on the program to tell their side of the story.
Dr. Roger West, chairman of the animal science department at the University of Florida, set the stage for the program. West said traditionally, beef producers haven't been giving consumers much of a choice. A FEEDER CALF pricing demonstration was conducted by (1-r) Ronnie Thomas, Williston,
"We've been selling what we're Don Wakeman, Gainesville, and Eddie Lumpkin, Okeechobee, during the Short Course.
producing rather than producing what we can sell," he said. West said modern consumers want quality with less fat, and a variety of different products.
Dr. Ken Tifertiller, vice president for agriculture affairs at the University, said that agricultural research is A
now being targeted for other areas outside of production. "We will continue to place emphasis on production, but we will also be looking at ] HLfO\
many other areas," he said. ILO
Tifertiller said that issues such as environment, water quality, taxes, regulation, etc., are issues that must be dealt with by farmers and ranchers and some of the external issues that will receive attention in the future. He said four broad problems being worked on in Florida include the genetic improvement of plants qalit andls efciencyman nutern NEW programs were out- ARKY Rogers represented ROGER West noted a need
qualty nd fficenc, ad nuriton. lined by Ken Tifertiller. FCA at the Short Course. for change.
FCA president Arky Rogers, Lake City, noted that the beef business is getting better for producers. He pointed out that market prices are much higher than in recent years, and that demand for replacements heifers is increasing.
Rogers also called for all cattlemen to join ECA and work together for a better future.
Packers, feeders, order buyers, producers, breed representatives, and researchers appeared on the program during the three day seminar. Most agreed that the efficient production of high quality lean beef will be a must for the industry in the future.
PREMIER AWARDS for the 1986-87 show season were accepted at the Short course by (1-r) Fred Dietrich, A.E. (Doc) Whaley, Junior Spencer, Bobby Clemons, Melody and Dean Bush, and Tommy Lee.
46 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




P L~AN Ar
Sant GwtuAn Up an Comin Prgesv)ree
'00
femle or see valbe
Thak outoevrynetht ttndd ursae ndfildda. op
to se yu agin eal oon




ROUNDUP
FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
AND CONSUMER SERVICES
FLRD AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE 7. ,
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL
STATISTICS SERVICE, USDA
LIVESTOCK OUTLOOK Average Prices Received through 13 Florida Auctions
May 1986 and 1987
Prices of Florida feeder cattle remained steady during May while fed cattle prices advanced sharply. Medium No. I feeder steers in Florida, Grade T 1986 11987 Grade 1986 11987
400-500 lbs. averaged $75-82. Medium No. 1 600-700 lb. steers closed at $65-69 the same as the March average. Dollars Per Cwt. Dollars Per Cwt.
Florida Utility cow prices averaged $42-$47 in May, down $1 from Slaughter Calves over 250 lbs. Stocker Calves over 300 lbs.
the previous month. Choice 50.87 70.22 Medium #1 58.79 81.04
The May cattle on feed report (7 States), showed total numbers were Good 45.47 56.24 Large #1 56.83 80.90
up 2 percent from a year ago but 4 percent below May 1, 1985. Market- Standard -- Medium #2 51.56 72.87
ings of fed cattle during April were down 3 percent from last year and Large #2 48.33 70.33
1 percent less than April two years ago. Small #1 52.31 72.08
Placements of cattle and calves on feed during April were 10 percent Small #2 44.66 64.39
above last year and 22 percent above April 1985. This year's placement All Grades 49.66 69.60 All Grades 53.05 75.83
is the highest during April since 1972 when 7 States estimates were begun. Slaughter Cows Stocker Cows
Heavy placements of cattle on feed, including more heifers than last Commercial 34.17 44.33 1 34.15 44.16
year, indicate that national cattle herd liquidation is continuing. The Utility 34.02 43.75 2 31.16 40.66
major question at this time is producers' plans for the fall. In any event, Cutter 31.13 40.28 3 29.55 42.90
the continued large placements point to probable relatively high feeder Canner 26.25 34.72
and fed cattle prices next year. All Grades 32.61 42.01 All Grades 31.84 42.06
So the bottom line is:
Fed cattle prices in Omaha should average $66-67 in July, and $62- SOURCE: FDA & CS, Division of Marketing, Bureau of Market News. 63 in the latter part of the summer. AeaePieDlasprCt
Feeder cattle prices in Florida for Medium No. I's, 400-500 lbs., should AeaePieDlasprCt
average $75-83 in July, $68-75 in August, and $65-72 in October.T
Slaughter cow prices are expected to average $39-45 in July, $36-44 [Slaughter Steers, Omaha
iee Choice, Choic Good n cobr
in ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ We August, andic G3-2i ctbrod96 97 18 98 96 18
Price Ranges-Actual and Projected Ended (900-1100 Lbs.) (1100-1300 Lbs. (900-1100 Lbs.)Omaha IFlorida1196 118 196 117 186 197
900-1100 I 400-500 lb. 600-700 lb. Mar. 28 55.50 63.42 56.69 64.71 50.00 58.50
Pound IFeeder Steers Feeder Steers Apr. 25 53.40 67.42 54.30 68.67 48.80 59.58
Yer Coc Utiit May 30 54.50 70.50 55.50 72.00 54.50 56.00
Month Steers Med. 1I Med. 2Med. 1Med. 2 CowsSluheCosOm a
Dollars per cwt.
1986 Week Com"l Utility I Cutter
Aug. 58.99 60-68 56-61 NA NA 33-39 Ended
Sep. 59.44 64-72 54-65 NA NA 29-37 1986 11987 1986 197 1986 1987
Oct. 59.49 60-67 56-63 NA NA 33-38 ___I___Nov. 61.30 60-67 57-63 NA NA 33-38 Mar. 28 37.25 48.00 38.38 47.12 36.81 45.00
Dec. 59.82 59-66 55-62 NA NA 34-39 Apr. 25 36.45 44.50 37.05 47.38 36.40 42.62
1987
Jan. 58.79 63-70 57-64 NA NA 36-44 May 30 41.00 41.00 42.00 41.00 40.50 40.00
Feb. 61.02 71-78 63-72 NA NA 39-46 SOURCE: U.S.D.A.-AMS
Mar. 61.58 74-83 67-76 NA NA 42-48
Apr. 66.70 75-83 69-76 NA NA 43-48 Imported Boneless Beef on Which Duty Is Paid Fresh &
May 70.66 75-82 65-70 NA NA 42-47 Frozen, Florida and U.S., 1984-86
Projected
Jul. 66-67 73-80 65-73 NA NA 39-45 Fbur aur-eray
Aug. 62-63 68-75 60-68 NA NA 36-44 Feray aur-Fbur
Oct. 62-63 65-72 61-68 NA NA 34-42 Year Change Change Calendar
_____________________________________________Quantity from Quantity from year
SOURCE: James R. Simpson, Cooperative Extension Service received Iprev. year received prey. yearI
Average Prices Received, Effective Parity and Percent 1000 1000 1000
of Parity for Livestock, U.S., May 1986 and 1987 Pounds Percent Pounds Percent Pounds
Prices Parity Avg. Prices Florida:
Received Prices as % of Parity 1984 10,524 25 17,240 35 108,286
Item 1985 8,832 16 21,583 + 25 109,379
196 98 98 187 186I197 1986 7,334 17 13,729 36
1986 1 197 196 1 987 986U.S.:
Dols. per Cwt. Dols. per Cwt. Percent 1984 75,638 17 161,517 14 1,212,499
Beef Cattle 51.00 64.90 100.00 102.00 51 64 1986 108,3156 + 15 207,7791 + 26 :9,1
Calves 58.00 77.60 115.00 119.00 50 65 196 0835 + 5 27,9 + 2
Hogs 45.80 54.30 84.30 84.80 54 64 SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce
48 / THE FLORIDA CATT7LEMAN / JULY 1987




We Use the Best for You!I PiD boR s
-- Ii I I Il I
iiiiiowe Play !1=
ChrkeOedieRno2
Wetikorhrsrssekfrthmevs h ul sdi u
breig rga aesm o h esinte onr.ientonyhv Ower




Florida R lL
Santa Gertrudis STAGE COACH RANCH
Association STAG COACH, RANCH,
Associatio BRED SANtTA GERTRUDIS CATTLE
Qaulity Santa Gertrudis
Always Available
For information about Herd #374 Bruc. & TB Free
todays breed call. Ranch located on Hwy. 581
John McTyre between Dade City & Brooksville
(Secretary) Commercial Cattle Also Available
904 /364-5811 Julia M. Pittman. Owner
Don Robertson Dennis Butler
Manager Herdsman
P.O. Box 421
Dade City, FL 34297
Performance Tested AMIE M. HOLLEY purchased the top sell- 904-567-7040 Office
Santa Gertrudis Cattle ing heifer at the junior Santa Gertrudis 904-588-3711 Ranch
heifer sale. The animal was consigned by
GEMINI SPRINGS FARMS John McTyre, president of FSGA. BEEF
J. Charles and Sandra Gray, owners
37 Dicksen Dr.
DeBary, Fl. 32713
Ph._(05)_68-648 STRENGTE
Ph (305) 668-6486Gert Sale held
~~Purebred S
Champion Polled The first annual Florida Santa Ger- V1-S nta Gertrudis
Santa Gertrudis Cattle trudis Sale and Futurity was kicked Performance Tested
off on April 4 at Gemini Springs
DIETRICH'S Farm, DeBary. The sales saw 16 lots Sharyn Ann Farms
FLYING D RANCH average $885.31 and gross $14,165.
10 Seminole Tr. Ph. 305-568-2351 Heifers in the sale ranged in age Days: (904)879-4204 Box 190 Route 3
Orlando, Florida 32820 from about six to 15 months. The Evenings: (904)268-1276 Callahan, FL 32011
futurity show will be held in the
spring of 1988 with at least $4000 Registered Santa Gertrudis
CLAUSSEN CATTLE CO. available in prize money. All heifers Pure Bred Top Bloodlines
Magruder Plantation purchased at the first sale will be eligi- Visitors Welcome
I.tt,,, ,-5A ble to compete in the show.
M'idIW, GA 30441 Amie M. Holley, a junior member SUWANNEE POINT RANCH
HEY H. CLAUSSEN JESSE BAILEY from Arcadia, purchased the high Branford, Florida 32008
t~ o o6 C a r r o ll H a ll L o d T o a
912) C ;740 selling heifer for $1500. The 14 Ph, 904/935-1303 Phi 904/935-1981
__ month old heifer was consigned by
Bar Jon's McTyre Farms, Live Oak. CLARK PROPERTIES
Second high selling heifer was con- "Where Quality Counts"
Santa Gertrudis signed by Stage Coach Ranch, Dade Registered
City, and purchased by Danny Black- Santa Gertrudis Cattle
John & Barbara Maxwell ford, Bartow, for $1400. Certified & Accredited Herd
6550 NW 83rd Terrace An auction of special donated Visitors Welcome
Parkland, FL 33067 items was held during the sale to help Bill & Nadine Clark Deltona, Florida
Phone: 305/421-4043 finance a trip for Florida Junior San- 2865 Appaloosa Trail 904.228-2772,
ta Gertrudis members to the NationS R IC E al Junior Heifer Show at Lake
S E R VIC E Charles, Louisiana in June.
The event was hosted by Gemini
Fertilizers, herbicides, Springs owners Charles and Saundra
nutritional sprays, Gray. Mr. and Mrs. John McTyre,
ammonium nitrate and owners of McTyre Farms, organized
and managed the sale. Fred Dietrich, First Amarillo
sulphur products. Orlando, served as auctioneer. American Livestock
A Special guest at the event was Bob Video, Inc. Auction
CALL LYKESAGRI SALES, INC. Wasson, president of Santa Gertru- Video services available
dis Breeders International, Kingsville, for Florida cattlemen. DADE CITY EATON PARK Texas. Rt. 6, Box 767
(904) 567-5622 1(800) 282-4431 Okeechobee, FL 33472
(813) 665-2332 Ph: 8131467-0818
FT. PIERCE LAKE PLACID
(305) 465-5616 (813) 4654127 Join your local county Cattlemen's
(305)_465-5616_(813)_4654127_J Association.
50 / THE FLORIDA CAT'TLEMAN / JULY 1987




PREMIER SANTA GERTRUDIS EXHIBITOR
We are pleased that our herd won the 1986-87 Premier Exhibitor Award for showing "the most of the best" once again. Our herd has produced more champions than any other herd in the history of Florida. We have been breeding Polled Santa Gertrudis cattle for performance, conformation and pedigree for over 30 years.
, LPremier
Miss Tarzan Doubloon D413. Twice Premier Chain- Pico Doubloon Stuff D652. Reserve Premier Champion, 9 times Grand Champion, 15 Division Chain- pion Bull. 2 Grand Champions, 7 times calf champions, 15 Best Polled Awards. She represents 7 pion. He has 2 more years to be shown. He comgenerations of our selective breeding program. She bines the National Champion Pico bloodline with our
beat some of the highest priced horned cattle from Doubloon, Stuff Shirt, and Tarzan bloodlines. 205
major western sales. She is bred to Massive 07, day wt. ratio 117 and 365 day wt. ratio 142. Futhe 1987 National Champion. ture Sire!
Tarzan Brave Stuff D577. Twice Reserve Grand Miss Doubloon Stuff D516. Reserve Grand Cham- Miss Tarzan Doubloon D510. Reserve Grand ChamChampion, 4 times Division Champions. pion, 4 Division Champions. pion, 2 Division Champions.
OTHER CHAMPIONS: Doubloon Stuff 552 (3 Division Champions); Tarzan Doubloon Stuff D569 (3 Division Champions & 2 Best Polled Awards); Tarzan Doubloon Stuff D567 (2 Division Champions and 5 Best Polled Awards); Tarzan Doubloon Stuff D651 (Reserve Grand Champion and 1 Division Champion),; Pico Doubloon Stuff D653 (3 Division Champions); Doubloon Stuff D562 (4 Division Champions and Southeastern Show Champion); Miss Tarzan Doubloon D602 (2 Division Champions).
OUR CHAMPION POLLED SANTA GERTRUDIS SIRES
UA1IL KA.FiAI
Tarzan 102. Show Champion, sire of Show Chain- Doubloon Stuff D271. 205 day wt. ratio 135, 365 Doubloon D013. 205 day wt. ratio 107, 365 day pions including 2 Premier Champions, 14 times day wt. ratio 131. Show Champion and sire of Show wt. ratio 109. Show Champion, sire of Champions. Champion Get-of-Sire. Champions. Full brother to the dam of the Premier He adds thickness!
Champion Cow.
We have an outstanding set of Polled Santa Gertrudis Cattle for sale including our Show Champions. These cattle have outstanding performance, conformation and pedigree. Our Polled Santa Gertrudis can add to any breeding program. We also offer our training and experience in the form of a limited order buying,
DIETRICH'S FLYING D RANCH OnSeminole Trail
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 51




CONGRATULATIONS FROM NUTRENA FEEDS
To these 4-H and F.F.A. members that raised Grand and Reserve Champion steers on a Nutrena Feed Program.
44
KELLY NAULT DAVID WARD
Grand Champion South West Florida Fair Grand Champion Hernando County Fair
6'j 6'
,#,6
RHONDA RODDENBERRY KIP GOOLSBY
Grand Champion Citrus County Fair Grand Champion Highlands Co. Fair
CHAD STEWART KELLY WILSON
Grand Champion Lake County Fair Grand Champion Indian River County Fair
'4w
DALLAS DEADWYLER DOUGLAS WARD
Grand Champion Florida State Fair Reserve Champion Hernando County Fair
52 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




STEVE OSTEEN CLAY BURNS
Reserve Champion (F.F.A.) Lake County Fair Reserve Champion (4-H) Lake County Fair
K A i~ ~ :> ~ JUNIOR ESO
PETE ZIELINSKI CLYDE FRY
Reserve Grand Champion Southwest Fla Fair Reserve Grand Champion Highlands Co. Fair
CARL WHITTON
Reserve Champion Citrus County Fair
Nutrena Feed Division and Nutrena Feed Dealers have supPorted 4-H and F.F.A. youth in Florida with over $100,000 worth of Steer purchases during the past three years. We congratulate all the young people that successfully completed their Steer Project in 1987.
Nutrena Feed Division
We're with you all the way
4014-40th Street
Tampa, Florida 33601
Phone (813) 626-5171
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 53




Adaptation is essential
for top beef production
by L.I. "IKE" SMART
Department of Animal Science
Louisiana State University
Adaptation of northern bred aged 20 pounds heavier at 365 days 'As a I cattle to our hot humid south- than those from the northern bred
eastern United States has been known A.I. bulls. This is more impressive to be a problem for years. This has when you consider the A. I. bulls used 9~been confirmed in research where cat- were usually bred to the best cows to
tle were moved from north to south produce these bulls. and from south to north in the Unit- Usually 5 to 10 calves are produced I Ied States. The statement that cows from each northern A.I. bull. If an
far er I n edtake a year or two to adapt after be- outstanding bull is produced, he is
ing moved has often been used. This used in the herd as a yearling. If an , ,report takes a more in-depth look at outstanding female is produced, a son
so e n U I adaptation through three generations. or grandson of hers is used.
The report was compiled from 15 years Calves are not creep fed and bull of data from the homed Hereford and calves are fed a bulky ration and de9 9Polled Hereford herds at Louisiana veloped on pasture after weaning.
un e sa d yState University. During the 15 year period, 21 percent
The Louisiana State University pure- fewer of the LSU produced bull's bred Hereford and Polled Hereford calves were under 900 pounds at 365 siu ti n herds are well suited to this study since days of age. The northern bred bulls
a large number of different bulls from produced some outstanding calves but the southeast part of the United States there was more variation and more and other areas have been used through low end bulls. Some calves will gain A.I. Males and females produced in very little during the summer. These the hot humid southeastern part of the calves usually spend most of their time United States (Louisiana, Mississippi, panting in the shade of a tree. Most Alabama, Georgia and Florida) were of the better adapted cattle shed their classified as southeastern. Texas cat- hair coat early in the spring and are tle were not included in southeastern very short haired. During the last few as some problems have occured with years some rectal temperatures have cattle from Texas and the numbers been taken and usually those with the were small. lower temperatures perform better.
The top cows in these herds have Variations of 5 to 7 degrees in rectal been bred to the top bulls in the breed temperatures are not uncommon. As based on performance. Most of the a general rule those cattle with short bulls have ranked, according to the hair and low temperatures do better National Sire Summary, in the top ten but there is some variation which infor yearling weight at the time they dicates that more is involved. Bulls were used. The top bulls produced at differ considerably in their ability to Louisiana State University have aver- produce calves that will adapt. Some
Figure 1
Great Grand Sire (c)
Grand Sire (b)
Great Grand Dam 0c
Sire (a)
Gran Dam(b) Great Grand Sire (c)
IndivduaiGreat Grand Danm (c)
Great Grand Sire (C)
Grand Sire (b)
Great Grand Danm (c)
Dam (a)
Grand am (b) Great Grand Sire (c)
Generations used in this reportGraGanDm(c




Table I
Wearing Weight (Ibs)
q0 of
Southeastern Polled Horned Avg. Both
Breeding Hereford Hereford Herds
0 S and D 398.0(5) 431.5(17) 423.9(22)
GS and GD 429.9(11) 428.0(35) 428.5(46)
GGS and GGD 433.9(13) 429.8(41) 430.8(54)
50 S and D 482.6(19) 435.3(37) 451.4(56)
GS and GD 469.7(19) 466.2(20) 467.9(39)
GGS and GGD 470.7(23) 476.6(17) 473.2(40)
100 S and D 465.6(43) 454.7(26) 461.5(69)
GS and GD 466.4(20) 471.0(8) 467.6(28)
GGS and GGD 478.3(3) 535.5(3) 506.9(6)
S and D-Sire and Dam (a) Figure 1
GS and GD-Grandsire and Granddam (b) Ad
GGS and GGD.Great Grandsire and Great Granddam (c)
northern bulls never produced a calf breeder may need to add new genetic that would adapt and only two north- material to his herd from time to time em bulls produce calves that were all and cull those that do not work. well adpated. however, the commercial producer
Pedigree studies were done on the should use bulls produced in his area cattle to determine the percent of as much as possible. southeastern breeding found in each
of the first three generations of parents. (Figure 1) Since the first genera- Junior Limousin twogeeratonshppenofalinto IEeean
tion could only have 0, 50 or 100 show scheduled percent and a large percent of the next TRu two generations happen to fall into The Eastern Regional Junior Limou- at1 Frm Credit Service,
these three groups, only 0, 50 and 100 sin Heifer Show has been set for June percent southeastern breeding was 19-21 at Middle Tennessee State used. Table 1 shows the actual data University, Murfreesboro, Tenand the number of animals represent- nessee. iA -a
ed by that data. Only six animals had Cattle for the show are scheduled 100 percent southeastern breeding in to arrive on Friday evening, June 19, the third generation and data may be with an outdoor pizza party to Wo
higher than it should be. Figure 2 follow. clearly shows the advantage of The junior showmanship competi- 1 deeopn pr
southeastern breeding into the second tion will begin at 8 a.m. on Saturday generation and some into the third morning. Senior showmanship is set m eet
generation. for 1 p.m. on Saturday. A state team
Age at first calf was also considered quiz bowl contest and a junior party ig
and those with high percentages of and dance will be held at show headsoutheastern breeding in the older quarters on Saturday evening. generations calved 3 to 5 months earli- The Eastern Regional Heifer Show a /
er than those with no southeastern will be held on Sunday morning with breeding in their pedigree. There may all cattle to be released following the g
have been greater differences if we conclusion of the show. had not had limited breeding seasons. f t u r
This data clearly indicates the advantages of southeastern breeding and
selecting cattle produced in this area is very important if maximum produc- Join your local county Cattlemen's tion is to be obtained. The purebred Association.
Figure 2
510 -GGS and GGD (c) 500
490
480 -g
470 GS and GD (b)
460 and D (a)
450
440
430 50 100
420I I
% Southeastern Breeding




//
A FLORIDA BREEDER was recently elected vice president of Foundation Beefmaster Association. Dr. William Broussard, Crescent J Ranch, Melbourne, (fourth from right) A DV E TISEwas elected at the group's annual meeting at Las Vegas, Nevada. Other board memA DV E TISEbers of the association are (I-r) Diego Gutierrez, Laredo, Texas; Stuart Dixon, Matador, Texas; Joyce Campbell, Wimberley, Texas; Shelby Phillips IIl, Deming, New Mexico; Dean R. Stephens, Salt Lake City, Utah; Steve Flake, Snowflake, Arizona; Bev Sparrowk, Clements, California; Broussard; Oran Tracy (President), Virgil, Kansas; Ralph Wheat- ley, McCammon, Idaho; O.C. Rampley, Silverton, Texas; and Richard A. Springs Ill, Adrian,
yo Promot BEEF Oregon (not pictured).
tSuportYour SEBBA 'Sale of Sales' hits
F1oPid Bee Coux ci $2035 average on 64 lots
~The Coastal Plains Experimental Sta- Creek Ranch of St. Augustine on a
tion Sale Pavilion at Tifton, Georgia bid of $4000. was the site for the Annual South- Other high sellers included two [ Wolel. .oliddo 33880 i ..eastern Beefmaster Breeders Associ- pregnant recipients carrying pregnanDO, Coo N. T dd & ation "Sale of Sales" held Friday, cies by Tailor Made and Crofts 49/5
April 10, 1987. The sale showed a consigned by W.M. Marsh of Arca4?very strong demand as thirty-two dia, and selling to Tawassee Farms of
buyers from Alabama, Florida, Steele, Alabama.
Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, A 3-in- package featuring a 1981
sNorth Carolina, South Carolina and Magee bred cow with a heifer calf at West Virginia paid a gross of side byN007/3 soldtto Fred Sumnerof
$130,250 on 64 lots of Beefmaster Enigma, Georgia on a bid of $3300.
[)tl ,cattle to average $2035. Another 3-in-i consigned by Fred
TERS The complete breakdown of the Jones of Olive Hill, Kentucky sold to
sale showed: 7 bulls goe$, Cpre Pond Beefmasters of LoriPromoterEEssOregn6(not picture)
Mr. and Mrs. Mack Glass | to average $2300; 16 3-in-i's grossed da, for $3200.
Mr. and Mra. Horace Shumpert RI. 7, Box 507
grossed $34,200 to average $2011.76; Adams, Glenwood, Georgia; Peter
12 bred heifers grossed $27,600 to Rossi, Monticello; Tawassee Farms, average $2300; 10 open heifers Steele, Alabama; L S Beefmasters,
grossed $14,400 to average $1440 and Sebring; Turnbull Creek Ranch, St. two pregnant recipients grossed Augustine, and Ed Campbell,
U U S N$4000 to average $2000. Chiefland.
The high selling lot was a bred heif- Auctioneer was Gerald Bowie, k lnd l Cattl e N er consigned by Zipperer Beefmasters West Point, Georgia. Sale Manager
H IJF'lll'||IS Of-t|'* of Fort Myers. The February '85 Jeff was Charlie Bradbury, Superior CatTHE VERY BEST IN BEEFMASTERS Davis daugher, safe in calf to King tie Sales, Huntsville, Texas.
David & Pat sutson Cotton sold to Tawassee Farms of
Rt. 2, Bbx 10 f Elkton, FL 32033 Steele, Alabama, on a bid of $5000.
(904) 692-2224 M (904) 824-9265 Second high seller was a young bull
Keith Simmons, Mgr. consigned by Banner Lee of Pavo, Join your local county Cattlemen's
Hm(94 24 Georgia and selling to Turnbull Association.
56 / THE FLORI'DA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




Kissimme Beefmaster
Roundup Sale
SATURDAY, AUGUST 1ST AT 10:00 A.M.
to be held at Kissimmee Valley Livestock How & Fairgrounds, Inc.
Located at 1901 East Vine St. m Kissimmee, Florida a 305/846-6046
FEATURING 90 BEEFMASTER LOTS
Bulls, 3-in-'s, Pairs, Breds & Opens
From the Herds of These Consignors:
JOHNSON BEEFMASTER LS BEEFMASTER BLUE BIRD
Larry Johnson Lee & Shaun Woods Roger Harloff
SMALLWOOD BEEFMASTER CYPRESS POND SUNDOWN BEEFMASTERS
Ted Smallwood Peter Summers Kip Pierce
KINGHORN GAMBLE CREEK SUTHERLAND BEEFMASTER
Bill & Peggy Kinghorn Bob Grebe Rocky Sutherland
LAZY J BAR PRO BEEFMASTERS
Ralph Jones Gene Prough
~4AI' 4. If ~~f ~b'
,;,,I f, ,
Sale Manager Auctioneer Gerald Bowie Sale Headquarters
HOLIDAY INN
A BBU Approved Sale 2145 East Vine St.
Kissimmee, FL 32741
OFFICIAL 35/846-46
Fred Thompson D
Bruce Robbins
12011 Huebner Rd., Suite 14 18
San Antonio, TX 78230
512/558-6121
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JUNE 1987 / 57




TGENE I eAW~v ww 'Ma4"44
THOMPSON by PATRICK M. McCAFFREY
BEEFMASTERS Governmental Affairs Director
P.O0 Box 337 Item One: Farm Labor! a hearing in the Agricultural ComMcNeil, Mississippi 39457 Unemployment Compensation mittee, and that the agricultural folks
For several years, farm labor advo- had never signed off on the sequencates and church groups have been tial thresholds. After some heated deSteve Hill, Herdsman lobbying to bring all agricultural bate, the committee overwhelmingly
(601) 798-1313 workers under the Unemployment went with Wayne on a voice vote to
Compensation umbrella. Current law remove all of the language lowering
___ provides that employers of ten or the thresholds. Gordon then tried to
CARTER BEEFMASTERS more agricultural workers with a withdraw the bill from further congross quarterly payroll of twenty sideration, which would have killed "Quality with Quantity" thousand dollars or more, must pay the increase in maximum benefit and
JMC Ranch Unemployment Compensation. Thus, the H-2 provisions, a modest little ef1053 Sunset Dr., Lake Wales, Fl. 33853 all major growers are currently pay- fort to have the tail wag the dog. Pat John &MarthCarter ing the 2.7076 for U.C. coverage. For Thomas stepped in and advised GorOwners Mack Podgett, Mgr.
Pwn 13/676-1474 Ph:e813/638198 the last couple of years, the prime don that since it was now a commitRanch locted3ml .west of.US 27 on SR 640 legislative sponsors have been Sena- tee substitute, it was no longer his bill tor Jack Gordon and Representative and he was unable to withdraw it Sam Bell. They had a quaranteed from further consideration. Gordon
Specialists in shot at the issue every other year cried "foul," and the twitty birds
Beetmas tar Cattle when the major foreign worker em- from the press corps gathered 'round
ployers had to come back to the legis- to lap up his exudate. The fight isn't Lisa eI.,,o., irc. lature for a renewal of the foreign over yet, but Wayne won big in this
Box 60327, San Angelo. TX 76906 worker exemption from U.S. Recent round. Laurie Lasater changes in Federal law lead to a cir9151949-3763 W cumstance where this year the U.C. Item Two: Meat Labeling
exemption for foreign workers could The FCA sponsored Meat Labeling 7 Lazy I I be "secured" for a five year time Bill, sponsored by Senator Wayne
Beefmasters window. Hollingsworth, cleared the Senate
Div. Billy Rogers Corp. The Farm Bureau, whom we took Tuesday on a unanimous vote. The
Pete Marks, Mgr. Scott Cauthen our lead from on this issue, had earli- champion measure has been stuck in
Off. 305-436-1553 Herdsman er determined that they could support Representative Hamilton Upchurch's
Res. 305-436-1633 305-436-1489 up to five or more workers and a ten judiciary committee on the House
Star Rt. Box 880 thousand dollar or more quarterly side. Ham had committed early on to
Kenansville, FL 32739 wage. That agreement was reached bring it to the floor, but of late his
early, and then the farm worker ad- staff had been blowing smoke on the vocates began wheeling and dealing issue and things were getting mighty on the House side and announced confused. As this is written, we have
Joe & Julia Jordan that they had a deal to lower the overcome staff arguments on the
"Private Treaty Sales" .... threshold to four or more and nine House side, and it appears that we thousand dollars in '89, and three or will get that bill out and up early next more and eight thousand dollars in week, but there ain't no guarantees.
ROUTE 1 BOX 307-A Home (904) 842-2065 '9.Ohrptiswoadgte LIVE OAK, FLORIDA 32060 Office (904) 362-4724 '90. Other parties who had gotten drawn into the issue (non-ag folks) Item Three: Officer and Director bought off on that, but the sequen- Liability
tial threshold of reductions were The oft-amended CS/SB 1096 finalF GIVES never approved by the ag folks. As ly cleared the House this week and
H a part of the play, independent bills went back to the Senate, where the
raising the maximum weekly compen- Senate added seven "technical sation from $175 to $200, and the amendments." As this is written, it
H-2 extension for the foreign work- still has to go back to the House for ers, were folded into the bill lowering approval of the Senate amendments, Blue Bird Hrloff the threshold, and the entire package which is expected, and the provision
Beefmcsters was then marketed as "having been impacting FCA remains intact.
Quarter Horses signed off on by everybody." The essential feature of the bill of
Roger Harloff owner When the combined package came interest to us is that it exempts
P.O Box 1787 before the Senate Appropriations officers and directors of most nonBradenton, Florida 33506 Committee this week, Senator Wayne profit corporations from liability for
Wayne Watson, manager Hollingsworth unloaded on Senator act or omissions in good faith. That
Rt 1, Box 244, Parrish, Florida 3 Jack Gordon and blew him out of the greatly reduces the individual's and
Certified Herd #4977 Fiiu) water. Wayne accused Gordon of association's exposure -to frivolous
Popular Bloodlines Days 813-729-3871 misrepresenting facts to him on the lawsuits or litigation deriving from Proven Performance Eves. 813-776-16i4 Senate floor, when he persuaded "act-of-God" kinds of occurrences.
Wayne to withdraw the bill without The insurance industry will likely re58 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




spond that they cannot lower rates
for liability coverage until they see
what kind of experience they have
under the new law and whether or not
the courts will sustain this law. In that
instance, it may be helpful to recall R that there have been no court cases
in Florida holding non-profit officers *
and directors liable for good faith activities. With no loss record in Florida, it is difficult to understand justification for the 100%70 plus increases in Hot Dip Galvanized Tube Gates O/D liability of the last year or two. University Recommended Square Corners
Item Four: Glitches Tax Bill
The long awaited "Glitches" bill
from Bud Gardner's House F & T
Committee, designed to correct the n W
"minor" flaws in the big sales tax
bill, finally emerged mid-week. The ___, ________Senate version is still under wraps.
The bill was tentatively slated for
floor discussion Wednesday after- UGGED HEAVYWEIGHT TUBULAR CONSTRUCTION Ouality
noon, but was pulled when leadership
discovered that it would have a 70 Steel Panel Gates
million dollar impact. Their initial
run had suggested an impact in the Call] owte u todyfo nearest ROHN ,E] el er.
$2-30 million range, and they were
both shocked and embarrassed to re- P.O :o x 2 P-ori, IL .
ceive the $70 million dollar estimate. *ON P. ( 309 69 44
There was some immediate kneejerking and navel twitching by the ag Agr Produts Call T Free 800: 447-2264
group when we found language removing the existing exemption on
leased agricultural property. The exemption is recreated a few pages fur- Charles T. Tucker -CT
ther in the bill, but in its new form, One- HOT-SHOT Trailers
the exemption applies to a person en- TUCKER
gaged in the business of renting, leas- BEEFMASTERS Now in Stock
ing, letting or granting a license for an Valley Enterprises, Inc.
use. In effect, the exemption has been V0 alox 9 Wier anr. Flda 32787
transferred from the leasee to the 305/656-645 129 E. Townsend St.
leasor. In practical effect, there P.O. Box 938
doesn't appear to be a significant Wauchula, FL 33873
change, and there should be no tax
on the leasing of agricultural lands. CHARLES YOUNT (813) 773-4200 or 773-9363
However, we will be pursuing this is- Auctioneer Specializing in
Industrial Park RoadHevDuyTalr
sue over the weekend in order to be Sweetwater, TN 37874Heavy Duty Trailers SweetStock Trailers
sure we understand the subtleties of 615-337-6625 off. Stock Trailers
it. 615-337-6166 res. Equipment Trailers
We are making progress, though Dual Tandems
the issue is not yet resolved, on
whether or not the tax applies to
agricultural services not included in Advertising Aids WHY SETTLE FOR
the SIC codes. Committee staff Your Personal LESS THAN THE BEST
agrees that the tax is applied only to
services listed in the SIC codes, and Salesmanship Pre-fab processing areas, hydraulic squeeze
then those services specifically listed Contact any of our fieldmen chutes and dipping vats. Trojan has a one asen exepth e no xdervices necif itd Cyear warranty on all parts. Trojan chutes as exempt are not taxed. Services not for full details, have grease zerts in all linkage, chutes are
listed in the code are not available to available for single phase or three phase
be taxed. They argue that existing electricity. We no longer have a Florida
lan g representative. All sales, service and parts Ima n ot in e d orfi that W- will be handled through our office and plant
sue. I'm not convinced of that. We at Weatherford, Ok.
Will continue to pursue this issue, and TROJAN LIVESTOCK
will push to have some clarifying lan- -EJttle LIVETOC
guage included in the Glitch Bill. I( IffAND LIVESTOCK JOURNAL EQUIPMENT, INC.
The original bill has a great deal of P.O. Box 453
cross-referencing among the various Kissimmee, Fla. 32741 WEATHERFORD, OK. 73096
(Continued on page 60) 1 Plant: 405/772-7724 Office:405/772-2146
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 59




Report Smooth wire fence systems
* Electronic cattle scales
(Continued from page 59) Hay vans
" 0 sections of the bill, and we have been e No till drills
L attempting to "creatively" adjust Chapco
some of that cross-referencing as an Star Rt. Box 963
effort to clarify and strengthen ex- Kenansville, FL 32739
emptions, particularly in segments 305/892-6447
relating to transportation of agricultural commodities. That process has
- become sufficiently bothersome to
committee staff that they are now
proposing to remove the "original
identity" language which has generated a large amount of the confusion
-, and uncertainty we have been trying to correct.
On top of responding to the emerg- Appraisals
I LUTP1 ing Glitches Bill, we have been heav- Groves- Ranches-Livestock
zLWtMtDr/7A ( fily involved with the Department of
Revenue for the last week and a half JOHN W. HUNT, CA-S, ARA in their rules development process. Accredited Rural Appraiser
"Once cowboying The original tax bill granted them BARTOW REALTY, INC.
authority to impose emergency rules, 650 W. Main Street Off. Ph. (813) 533-0869 gets in your blood, which is what they are developing at Bartow, Floras 330 After Hrs. (813)537-130
there's nothing to do this point. They subsequently will
have until the end of the year to de- ALL TYPES OF but laugh about it!" velop a final set of rules for im- LIVESTOCK, FERTILIZER
plementing progress in that arena. In AND HEAVY EQUIPMENT Send Fresh Horses is a hilar- large measure, what progress we have 3 DIM ENSIONAL ious collection of 26 episodes in the made is attributable to our coopera- SAN DBLASTING life of today's modern cowboy that tive efforts through the Commission- DENNIS O'ROURKE OSCEOLA, POLK & quickly dispenseswith any miscon- er's office. (305) 847-5587 BREVARD COUNTIES
ceptions about romance on the
range, or the joys of running a Acadiana Rowe & Sons Club Calves
ranch, or the mystique of powerbrokering in the Halls of Congress. (Continued from page 36) Quality Calves for Sale
French are the ethnic minority. No- "Right Kind with the Kid in mind"
As you turn thepages of SendFresh body named O'Meara or Johannsen 784 Bryan Lane
Horses, you will find yourself first was running for office. Auburndale, FL
giggling, then laughing, and final- Other things that left a distinct im- 813/984-1323
ly guffawing over the absurdities pression were oyster po boys, bon and miscalculations of this curious temps, Atchafalaya Swamp Freeway, Club Calf Sale
lifestyle-business. Canal Gas, dirty rice, free kittens, Sat., June 27 Alachua, FL
houses up on blocks, cemeteries that Qualit Limousin,
Order Copies of looked like little towns, cane poles, Qual Limin,
thin cattle, hungry dogs, roadside Slmmental, Chianina crosses
Sam Robinson Lake City, FL 32055
Send Fresh Horses stands that take food stamps, drive- Rt 2, Box 281 904/755-3541
in liquor by the drink, shrines in Wayne Feeds, Alfalfa Hay
Today! the front yard, rusty farm equip- Silage
............................ l ment, Speedy 0. Long for Governor,
Send your check with this order blank to: French speaking disk jockeys, good
Portfolio Publishing Company, Inc. horses, bait shops, the mighty MisP.O. Box 7802 sissippi, ag chemical plants, crawfish D & K
The Woodlands, Texas 77387 e tufe, alligator meat, moss on the
- Copies, hardcover @ $12.95 each trees, oyster shell driveways, the Ranch Service
Copies, paperback @ $7.95 each Power House of Deliverence Baptist Custom Hay Bailing & Sales
Tx Church, Thibodeaux Savings & Loan (Square or Round Bales)
Texas residents add 5% ss and Dolly's Lounge and Feed Store Planting Grass Available
Shipping & Handling charges $1.50 (baby chicks and cold beer to go). Statewide Delivery
TOTAL They were as friendly a folks as Also: Chopping, Mowing, Discing,
I've ever met. I bigger a Cajun is just Rotovating, and Custom Frontend LoadName a cowboy who's been dipped in er Duke Overstreet
Address swamp water, baked in the bayou 3051348-0328
City State Zip and slathered with Tabasco sauce. Kissimmee, FL
Make checks payable to:
Portfolio Publishing Company, Inc.
60 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




Polk winners
CUSTOM SILAGE HARVESTING
LYLE Combee of Auburndale showed the grand champion steer at the 1987 Polk County Youth Fair. The 1185 pound Simmental cross sold for $2.60 per pound to Direct cut, pickup, wide and narrow row crop heads. F and L Cattle Company, Polk City. Four wheel drive self-propelled machines.
Packing also available.
PHILMAN'S CUSTOM SERVICE, INC.
KEITH and I.J. PHILMAN Rt. 2 Box 558
Bell, Florida 32619
(904) 935-0312
LISA Padgett, Lake Wales, showed this NOW. 1210 pound Simmental-Angus cross steer to reserve champion honors at the 1987 BUILDINGS
Polk County Youth Fair. The buyer was CUSTOM
George's Enterprises, Auburndale, for .....
$1.80 per pound. Strongpanel Roofing
: and siding in stock
Joe endrcksto 24 ft.
Joe endrcksCannonball Hardware Joes Hudenc -HNP Stall Kits
dies suddenly Structural Posts
Joe Hendricks, Columbia, South Carolina, DVM who served as USDA-APHIS Veterinary Service STRONGPOST STRUCTURES
Regional Brucellosis Epidemiologist, died of a massive heart attack in 1629 N. Ohio Ave. Call collect 904/362-2548
May. He was attending a meeting in Live Oak, FL 32060 for building quotes
Kentucky at the time of his death. Hendricks was well known in the Florida cattle industry and had made important contributions to the state's Factory Second Corrugated FLA. BUILDING SPECIAL
brucellosis eradication program in re- Steel Panels 8 ft. to 16 ft. 30x50x10 with slide
cent years. from $4.00 sheet. door-$7895.00
Ed Richey, Gainesville, IFAS extension veterinarian, said Hendricks AGRICULTURAL "has been a good friend of the Flori- BUILDINGS FOR: da cattle industry and an important 1. Cattle
participant in the formation and ac- 2. Equipment
3. Horses
tivities of the Florida Brucellosis In- 4. Hay formation Committee. He will be tru- 5. Building ly missed." Packages
complete
with instal.
INDUSTRIAL
Join your local county Cattlemen's COMMERCIAL
Association.
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 61




CattleWomen
(Continued from page 27)
make a difference. Thanks to Karen Howell, secretary, who has kept me up-dated about their activities each month.
Hillsborough County-In February, CattleWomen gave a demonstration on three beef recipes at the Florida State Fair and passed out materials and recipes. In March they assisted the Hillsborough County Cattlemen in running A Beef Sandwich Booth at the Strawberry Festival. They put forth a new look and passed out materials, recipes and promoted beef to the tune of 2000 pounds of sliced smoked top round. May was installation of officers. I had the opportunity to attend their luncheon meeting at the new Holiday Inn and install for 198788 the following officers: Susan Carlton, president; Linda Bennett, vicepresident; Cheryl Langrebe, secretary; Leslie Van Trump, treasurer; Vina Jean Banks, state director. Osceola County-New officers recently elected for 1987-88 are: Jeanette Autrey, president; Avis Fulford, first vice president; Aileen Chapman, second vice president; Janet Partin, secretary; Carolyn Kempfer, treasurer and state director. Sarasota County-New officers elected earlier this year are as follows: Sheilia Reigel, president; Lisa Van Dyke, vice president; Doris Smith, A B secretary; Sandi Rowe, treasurer;
Marlene Strickland, state director; Eileen Wright, historian; Beth UnderA VA G hill, parlimentarian.
Hardee County In April, Hardee County held a nutrition day for kids entitled "Fun With Good Food." Winnie Gordon, Hardee County CowBelle beef promotion chairman and Cindy L. Olson, Hardee County extension home economist have worked in a cooperative effort to provide a learning experience at an early age to teach children about nutrition and good nutritional eating habits that will provide a good nutritional foundation for the rest of their lives. This was organized for the kindergartners of Hardee County and held at the Agri-Civic Center. The children participated in activities and had many opportunities for tasting.
Thanks to Hardee County CowBelles for a job well done, and to Trudy Carey, Jeanette Barthle, Imogene Yarborough and Reba Mazak for representing FCW and assisting with the program.
62 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




th Sotes
Withover3 Regstre Hereford bro coslaec
no wod. Mr. Crs hs bee prduin funtioal 60 years. .S S
.0 ietc svr rodt oeta vr8
percnt f ou buines isfro repat uyes. Or tank to Flrd catlme fo thei imotn rol in our succ0ess. 0
We will hav ante goo se of bull at th Souheater Heefr Pe 00u0l So an Sale
91275-52 (r Manager.0
91-5836 (0 91S5823




EL DORADO
Hereford Farm
Lorin & Gladys Anderson
4301 South 301
Dade City, Florida 33525 Telephone 904/567-3413
FertilitylGrowth/Carcass
FLORIDA
WEREFORD
ASSOCIATION
Sarah Childs, President
Rt. 3, Box 710
Lake Placid, FL 33852
Visitors always Welcome
Annual Bull sale 3rd Sat. every November
Debter Hereford Farm RECEIVING CERTIFICATES for superior producing cows from FBCIA were (I-r) Ralph
Route 1, Horton, Alabama 35980 Sexton, Vero Beach; Junior Spencer of W.H. Stuart Ranch, Bartow; Henry Chitty of
Ross & Glynn Debter: 205/429-3553 Stardust Ranch, Micanopy; and Leroy Baldwin of Baldwin Angus Ranch, Ocala.
James Debter: 429-2054
Perry Debtor: 429.4415 Top producing cows recognized
Farm located 50 miles north of Birmingham;
Look for signs on Highway 79 & 278 at Beef Cattle Short Course
Hereford Bulls Historically beef cattle have been day average calving interval.
.BUL. L' uh recognized for their success based on In addition, Treasure Hammock
11 Durham physical appearance in the show ring. Ranch, also owned by Sexton, had
Fa.,soxaee Recognition in that area has little two Super Cows: A 1977 cow with
DURHAM Walnut Cove, NC 27052 relationship to their ability to pro- eight calves, average index of 107,
HEREFORDS Tommy 9191427-3238 duce calves that are superior for eco- and average calving interval of 355
nomically important traits with days; and a 1979 cow with six calves,
regularity, according to Bob Sand, an average index of 113, and average Hereford Bulls Gainesville, secretary of the Florida calving interval of 344 days.
Beef Cattle Improvement Association W.H. Stuart Ranch, Bartow, was
Diamond C Herefords (FBCIA). recognized for three Super Cows: A
Harry & Phyllis Cobb FBCIA has implemented a pro- 1975 cow produced nine calves with
Route 3, Box 93-C gram to recognize cows that regular- an average index of 111, and a 374
Donalsonville, GA 31745 ly produce superior calves. This day average calving interval; 1977
912/524-2263 recognition is in two categories: 1) cow with six calves, an average index
Free delivery on 5 or more head Golden Super Cow (a cow that has of 111 and 368 day average calving
had 10 natural calves with an aver- interval; and a 1979 cow with five LITLE RIVER FARMS age interval between calves of not calves, an average index of 106 and
Registered Herefords more than 370 days and an average 366 day average calving interval.
F' Cattle weaning index of at least 105), and Baldwin Angus Ranch, Ocala, had
Feeder Cattle 2) Super Cow (a cow that has had five one Golden Super Cow, a 1974 cow
Auman. Phyllis, Harold and Della Teel natural calves with an average calv- with 10 calves, an average index of Route 5, Box 365 Asheboro. N. C. 27203 ing interval of not more than 375 110 and an average calving interval Res. Bus.
9t19-29-0516 919.629-0107 days and an average weaning index of 352 days. Baldwin also had one
of at least 105). The program is on- Super Cow, a 1975 cow with eight
Registered Herefords going with new cows being recog- calves, a 106 average index and 370
PINE ACRES RANCH nized each year. day average calving interval.
Citra, Florida 32627 During the 1987 Beef Cattle Short Stardust Ranch, Micanopy, rePopular Boodlines Course, eight herds participating in ceived certificates for two Super
-CHF Sam McDonald H464-.JF Dundy 1154- the FBCIA program received certifi- Cows-a 1979 cow with six calves, an
-P.A. Mischief Aster 307-7198 Progressive- cates recognizing superior producers. average index of 111, and a 362 averG. P. Leitner, Mgr. Sexton Brahmans of Vero Beach, age calving interval; and a 1979 cow
904/595-3806 904/591-2180 ow e b
Located 12 Mi. North of Ocala on US 301 owned by Ralph Sexton, had a Gold- with five calves, an average index of en Super Cow, a 1973 cow that has 106 and a 353 day average calving inPine Pasture Farms produced 10 calves with an average terval.
Jesse L. Williams Jr. & Sons index of 109, and 363 day average Hardee Farms, Chiefland, received
2337 Pitch Kettle Road calving interval. Sexton also had two recognition for one Super Cow-a Suffolk, VA 23434 Super Cows, a 1979 cow that has had 1978 cow with six calves, an average (804) 539-8819 six calves with an average index of index of 105, and a 368 day average 105, and average calving interval of calving interval.
Performance Tested Hereford Bulls 352 days; and a 1979 cow with five
We deliver each November calves averaging 106 index, and a 369
64 / THE FLORIDA CATTfLEMAN / JULY 1987




Polled Hereford
ANHINGA sires namedSaFelw R~k
FARMS trait leaders ALOCHUA, FLORIDA
POLLED REGISTERE PoLLED ,,,oo
POLLER E D Trait Leader status has been awardHEREFOROS ed by the American Polled Hereford Guidelines Performance
Association to leading bulls in the Tested Cattle
Complete records. Performance tested 18 oldHrfr ieSmay
bulls. Southeastern bloodlines. All herd 1987 Polled Hereford Sire Summary. Visitors always welcome bulls RWJ pedigrees. The bulls achieved their Trait LeadRoute 3, Box 577 er awards on the merit of the out- Mrs. S. Y. Davis, Owner
Tallahassee, FL 32308 standing performance of their proge- Bill Snead, Consultant
Terese and Dexter Douglass ny in single traits as well as total per- 9041462-1453
Phone 904/893-5422 formance. They were selected from
8 miles E. ofTruck Rt 620 proven sires listed in the 1987 Sire Ed Calendine, Manager
on Centerville Rd. Summary. 9041462-1452
Fifteen Polled Herefords were recT BAR ognized for overall excellence in the
total performance division, combining
Hereford Ranch birth weight, weaning weight, yearling oneykid e
Hereford Bulls for Sale at All Times weight and maternal performance. Plantation (APHA Guidelines)
Robert & Debi Thompson Those bulls were BCR Improver, Rt 2 Box 136* Guyton GA 31312
Carney OK 405/865-2513 BT JR Quester 604M, Enforcer 107H, Samuel Zemurray III W.F. Long, Cattle Mgr.
Ralph & Estelle Thompson FHR Prospector S29, Justa 425E Owner 912/772-3869
Colquitt GA 912/758-2230 Propecto r 912/772-3576
Mainline 680K, Kinnaber Justn 7l1l5J,
OR Dom F243 K120, RHF Victor
&~I REGLTEED 212 767, RHF Victor 266 749, RRR
HEPOLLED J V Banner 2318, Sierra Hercules 2L,
FarmsI HEREFORDS Stanns Mr. Beef 2F, Sterling, WP WJR POLLED HEREFORDS
Production Sale-Sept. 13, 1986 Enforcer Lad JOOL, and YF Phe- REGISTERED VICTOR DOMINOS
Cliff & Howard Shepard, owners nomenal 017. CERTIFIED HERD PERFORMANCE RECORDS
Georgia 1-800-342-8983 BT PRL Driver 536L was named Wilson & Jane Rumberger, Owners
Geri1034-3 PO Box755 thnmbrneTritLeRt. 1 Box 49 Phone
Other States 1-800-841-8990 Sandersville, GA the number one Trait Leader for year- Alachua, FL 32615 904-462-5495
_________________________ ling weight. He earned the distinction _____________with an estimated progeny difference i
(EPD) for yearling weight of + 88.6
CIRCLE ( RANCH pounds. I
Raising Polled Herefords Since 1953 Moving into the top spot in the
weaning weight division was FLF King 1 2 E. DARUNGTON AVENUE
Mr. & Mrs. T. F. Thompson, owner Pin 2003. A newcomer to the Trait IUSSIMMEE, FLA. 32741
Clermont, Florida 32711 Leader listing, King Pin captured the PHONE 847-5364
Phone 904/394-3053 top award with a weaning weight ...... '"
EPD of + 59.0 pounds.
FLORIDA POLLED In the birth weight category, CJA P BEEF
HEREFORD King Numode 11 hung on to his num- Promote
ber one ranking for the third consecu- a very day..
ASSOCIATION tive year. His birth weight EPD was
"The Big Bold Breed" 15.4 pounds. 4 1 Support Your
P.O. Box 1566 MSU Prospector 508 climbed from
Alachua, FL 32615 eleventh spot in the maternal perfor- Florida Beef Council
mance Trait Leader list last year to
take the top award this year. CROOKED LAKE RANCH
Peace Valley Ranch This was the sixth annual Sire Summary published by the APHA. The ( Victor Domino
(In the Heart of Florida) data gives Polled Hereford breeders Polled Herefords
Polled Hereford Cattle and commercial cow-calf producers a Performance Tested
Owner unique collection of data to guide Since 1963
Gilbert A. Higgins them in selecting bulls for use in their
Winter Haven, FL 33880 individual breeding programs. Performance information for the Sire SumManager: Lowell Fielder mary is gathered by breeders through- W/RW J
8697 Rhoden Loop Rd. N. out the United States and analyzed in
Ft. Meade, FL 33841 APHA's data center. 1987 Polled
(813) 285-7334 Hereford Sire Summaries may be ob- Pat Wilson Inc., Owner Frank Wood, Mgr.
tained by contacting the APHA 813-635-4804 Bus. 813-635-3821
Show Herd: Alan Fielder Department of Education and Re- 813-635-3787 Res.
Cow Herd: Brian Fielder search, 4700 East 63rd St., Kansas P.O. Box 65, Frostproof, FL 33843
City, Missouri 64130. Performance is Our Business
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 65




Trade show
promotes
ag exports lJarmng
Approximately 125 visitors from 15 at Ocala, of course
Caribbean, Central and South
American countries attended the 17th Mr and Mrs John D Corr Owners
annual Florida International Outstanding Full
Agribusiness Trade Show held in French and
Tampa last month according to Coin- Purebred
missioner of Agriculture Doyle Charolais
Conner. Located I mi. west N AM
The show is co-sponsored by the of 1-75 on U.S. 27
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) 904/622-5520
and the Florida International Agricultural Trade Council, Inc. Crescent J Ranch
(FIATC). It is designed to expose the P c
visitors to Florida agriculture and Performance Tested
BEEF GIV ES provide opportunities to develop ex- Wr Char leas Fran
port sales both during and after the win. J. Broussard, M.D. Charles Bradley
show. 1355 S. Hickory St. Ranch 8 m. South
STRENGTH s___owMelbourne, Fla. 32901 of Holopaw, Hwy. 441
Many of the trade show's 85 exhi- 305/727-7632 (Office) 305/892-5010 (Ranch)
bitors reported positive results, and
the majority said they will exhibit PIEDMONTESE next year. Among the more signifi- CHAROLAIS
Bulls & Semen cant purchases were livestock, live- and CHARBRAY CATTLE
Arrowmaker Farms stock semen and farm equipment. K RANCH
Jk & l,. A wide variety of activities were
Jack, Jean & Olin Fletcher %...a made available to the guests during Henry, Douglas
Fitzgerald, GA 31750 Ph: 813 782-1571 Ph: 813 782-1936
their visit to Florida. Prior to the ZEPHYRHILLS, FLORIDA 33599
912-423-7883 trade show, many guests attended an 8 Mi. SW of Zephyrhills on Morris Bridge Rd.
International Conference on LiveBARZONA CATTLE stock and Poultry in the Tropics at r-omoteBEEF
THE HARDY BREED for low cost, limited manage- the University of Florida, Gainesville. PreH/ete
ment systems. Performance oriented. Records This conference provided a first-hand available. End calving problems. Add Hybrid Vigor. T c p Excellent forage. Se.....bulls breeding stock, look at Florida beef and dairy operreasonably priced. Visitors welcome.
Lake Oriole Ranch Eddie Chandler ations and technical information as- SupportYour
W. R. LaRosa. Owner P.O. Box 296 sociated with running such opera904/799-4874 Hancevllle, AL 35077
8481 Croo Rital Rd. 205/352-6217 tions. Florida Beef Council
Brookaville, FL 33512 Commissioner Conner welcomed
the visitors and honored their attenCASTLE NUGENT FARMS HAROLD V. CLUM dance at the trade show with a Thurs- TEXAS LONGHORNS
Box 969, Christiansted Consultant/Representative day evening banquet. During the for
St. Cmix, U.S.V.I 00820 505 Woodland Hill Dr.
TEL. (809)773-1508 Athens, GA 30606 banquet John Stiles, Tallahassee, was Crossbreeding Genetics of
TEL. (404) 543-4046 presented the "International Market- Calving ease, fertility, high browse utilization,
disease/parasite resistance, longevity, hardiness
SENEPOL ing Man of the Year" award by and a leaner carcass grade. Contact:
Commissioner Conner. Southeastern Longhorn Assn.
Bulls, females, semen The award recognized Stiles for P.O. Box 636, Brooksville
and embryos available at private treaty Florida 34298-0636
contributions in international marketing circles. These contributions in- Registered
cluded 25 years of service with eistered
FDACS, during which 21 years were Texas Longhorns
spent as the marketing division direc- The cattle from the post
tor. In addition, he served as presi- for the future
Visitors Welcome
dent for the National Agrimarketing Richard & June Mathews
Officials and received the Division of P.O. Box 636 (904) 796-4667
Marketing Presidential "E" Award Brooksville. FL 34298-0636
for excellence in exporting.
Stiles retired from the FDACS in NATHE & GUDE, INC.
1187 Jessamine Rd.
" Colorful Tents, All Sizes P.A. & Lighting Equip, Ja n a l tT Dade City Florida
" Complete Corral & Pen Systems Chairs & Tables Additional activities on Thursday
Auction Platform & Sale Ring Bleachers included several judging contests. CeRoy Dugger sar Campo B of Columbia won the Registered Bulls Tor Sale or Lease
205/594-5931 Route 1, Box 134 beef judging contest while Esteban Roping Steers for Sale
Ashville, Alabama 35953 Wallis of Venezuela outscored every- R.j. Nathe At all times W.F. Gude
Quahfy Swce O~es~~t~ost /t A one in the dairy contest. (904) 588-3107 (904) 588-2021
66 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




John Boy
retires as
USSC president '1111 FINAL WORD1)
John B. Boy, Clewiston, has retired as president and chief executive offi- IN FLY CO N 1 R O L
cer of United States Sugar Corporation. His retirement was effective June 30.
At a meeting of the corporation's board of directors, held June 1 at Detroit, Michigan, J. Nelson Fairbanks, senior vice president of the mA
corporation, was elected president (COUMAPHOS)
and chief executive officer. Boy was elected vice-chairman of the board. 1% Dust Inscticide
Boy retired from U.S. Sugar Corporation after 41 years of service dating back to January 22, 1946. He CUTTE
joined the company as assistant su- CUTTER ANIMAL HEALTH
Mobay Copmn
perintendent of Starch House. He AnimalHealth Division
Shawnee, Kannas 66201 The Brand Of Innovation
subsequently was placed in charge of Sincef1897
agriculture equipment development, and in 1958 he became administrative assistant to the president.
In March, 1960, Boy was named
vice president of administration, and BE IE
in 1961 was elected executive vice president.
In 1966 he has elected to the board
of directors, and on July 1, 1970, was T w NH
elected president and chief executive officer. Boy will continue to act in a consulting capacity.
Fairbanks joined the corporation New Improved in 1978 as vice president of corporate development. In 1983, he was elect- W. C. Pigg ed to the board of directors. El Toro
Prior to joining the corporation,
Fairbanks was vice president and Hydraulic Chute
general manager of the Florida Sugar Cane League for 12 years. He has Wider, higher and tougher. Built been instrumental in the corpora- to work all Florida cattle. tion's growth from 1978. Call for prices.
Fairbanks became senior vice
president in 1984, and has been in- W.C. Pigg Chutes
volved in all aspects of the corpora- In Florida call: tion in that capacity. Johnny Pratt
305-723-2611 days 405-772-2801 305-723-7674 eves. Weatherford, OK
Berry College gets
Longhorn funds Rawhide Tough 'Hurricane Roof'
A Longhorn heifer, donated by Richard and June Mathews of New Improved V2-N For Metal Roofs
Brooksville, sold at the recent South VYN-ACREDT TM" Plastic Emulsions
Eastern Texas Longhorn Association Sale at Montgomery, Alabama, with Stops popping nails. Stops rust. Seals and locks joints. Plugs holes. Can be
proceeds going to Berry College at applied to any roof-commercial, agricultural or home, metal, asphalt, tile, conRome, Georgia. crete. VYN-AC cures to a 'Rawhide' finish. Contracts and expands. Wears inA sale report said the heifer was definitely. Is used for sidewalls, metal, wood, masonry. Adds insulation. Purchased by Jim Hutchinson of STOP UNNECESSARY RE-ROOFING, ALSO FROM VYN-AC "RUST LOCK"
Piney Hill Farms, Bluemont, Vir- Stops wire-rust, egg scratching and equipment rust.
ginia. Dr. Steward Fowler, head of DON'T REPLACE-REPAIR NOW-IT'S MUCH LESS EXPENSIVE
the animal science department at Ber- Florida only Toll Free 1-800-342-8475 OP 982
ry, said the proceeds will go to sup- Out of State 904/2574567
Port the Texas Longhorn program write: VYN-AC, Inc., P.O. Box 788 Ormond Beach, FL 32074-0788
underway at the college.
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 67




Management tools that need
to be used in beef herds
by D.L. PRICHARD
Extension Livestock Specialist
Quincy-North Florida Research Education Center
T he ultimate goal of any commer- al Sire Summary. Those commercial mance data generally found in a sire
cial beef cattle operation should cattlemen who have used a sire sum- summary include birth, weaning, be to optimize the pounds of calf wean- mary report are probably those that yearling and maternal EBV's (estimated per cow exposed during the breed- have initiated an extensive A.I. pro- ed breeding values) or EPD's (expecting season. It is imperative that this gram. the amount of information ed progeny differences). be done in the most economical way available in a sire summary report is An EBV is an estimate of an inpossible. The two major factors influ- enormous and has the potential to dividual's value as a parent and is exencing this goal are weaning rate and provide valuable information to the pressed on a percentage basis (Ex: 104 weaning weight. However, many other cattleman, providing he has purchased = 104% or 4% above average). An parameters and traits have a direct or bulls of a breed with an available sire EDP is a predictor of future progeny indirect affect on these two major summary and bulls with known per- performance of a sire when compared factors. formance backgrounds. with progeny from the breed's averIn recent years several tools relat- A commercial cattleman might be age sire and both sires have been mating to beef cattle production and prone to say that he will probably ed to comparable females. genetics have been made available to never use a bull listed in a sire sum- Progeny testing is the ultimate tool the commercial cattleman. These tools mary. While this is probably true, one for selection and is the most accurate include herd sire summary reports, only has to consider the number of measure of breeding value. However, breeding soundness evaluations of male progeny that will be sired by a progeny test is costly both in resource herd bulls and pelvic area measure- bulls listed in different breed associa- and time. Alternatives available inments of replacement heifers. The re- tion sire summaries, to realize the po- clude individual performance records maining part of this paper will concen- tential impact sire summary reports and the performance records of relattrate on how these tools relate to re- could have on the commercial cattle ed individuals. Since relatives have productive management of the beef industry, like genes, they have a fraction of
herd. Well, just what is a sire summary their breVding values alike. Therefore,
report? Sire summary reports are an relatives can be very useful in helping Herd Sire Summary Reports accumulation of individual, progeny to estimate EBV's and EPD's for an
The vast majority of commercial and ancestorial performance data that individual.
cattlemen probably have never consid- are used to compare a particular bull Commercial cattle producers sell ered using a Breed Association Annu- to that bull's breed average. Perfor- pounds, not EBV's and EPD's, but they need to base their bull selection
on these useful tools as well as to comTable 1. Correlations Between B.S.E. Values and Pregnancy Rates bine breeds in a systematic manner to Achieved with Synchroniied Females obtain cross breeding advantages, esCorrelation (r) with pecially for reproduction. In the fuCategory pregnancy rate ture as we learn how to properly use
Category__pregnancyrate descriptive fertility records such as age
B.S.E. Score. .33 at first calving, length of calving inScrotal Circumference .58* terval and number of services per conPercent (%) Motility .47* ception, sire summary reports will
Rate of Motility .38 provide even more valuable informaPrimary Abnormalities .12 tion to those cattlemen who use them.
Secondary Abnormalities -.37 Thus, a Sire Summary Report beTotal Abnormalities .40* comes a partial means to an end. It
is the only fair way to compare in*P-.05 dividuals outside of the same contemporary group.
Table 2. Estimated Genetic Correlations Between Reproductive Traits Breeding Soundness Evaluations
in Bulls with Puberty Age in Half-Sib Heifers Performance data such as weaning
Bull Traits and yearling weights, height measure% Primary % Second ments and conformation scores are of
Scrotal % Normal Abnorm. Abnorm. little value if a bull does not breed and
Heifers Circ. Sperm Sperm Sperm Motility settle a high percentage of the females
exposed to him during the breeding
Age at season. Bulls that will accomplish this
puberty .71 .37 36 .09 .33 are the only ones that should be used
in any breeding program. Researchers in the past 10 years have disco68 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




vered wide variations between bulls in dominant bulls are not necessarily this problem some cattlemen have betheir reproductive capabilities which those with the highest sex-drive; 2) gun taking pelvic area measurements affects pregnancy rates and ultimate- the most dominant bulls are not of their replacement heifers. Work ly pounds of calf weaned per cow ex- necessarily the biggest or fastest conducted by Green et. al. (1985) inposed. Outside of severe lameness or growing bulls and 3) BSE compo- dicated that the hqritability estimate illness it is extremely difficult to eye- nents were not related to dominance, for pelvic area (height x width) was ball the potential fertility of a bull. This would indicate that the optimal between .71 and .99. Therefore, For this reason a Breeding Soundness usage of superior performance bulls selection for increased pelvic area in Evaluation or examination (BSE)) was might require single-sire herd beef females should be effective. developed to assess the potential fer- management in conjunction with a The most common instrument tility of a bull. Breeding Soundness Evaluation. used to measure pelvic area is the
A BSE, as described by the Society Rice Pelvimeter developed by animal
of Theriogenology, includes both a Pelvic Area Measurements scientists at Colorado State Univerphysical examination and an exami- In recent years U.S. cattlemen have sity. The pelvimeter consists of two nation of seminal characteristics. The become more aware of the relation- aluminum arms and a stainless steel physical part of the examination in- ship between dystocia and calf birth scale graduated in centimeters. A eludes the following: weight. This awareness has been horizontal and a vertical measure1. Evaluation of feet and leg brought on mainly by the use of ex- ment are made via the rectum. In
structure. otic breeds of bulls. Calf birth weight order to obtain an area estimate these
2. Serving capacity and/or libido has been shown to be the single most two measurements are multiplied
test. important factor affecting dystocia in together.
3. Rectal examination of accesso- cattle (Laster et al., 1973). With the Researchers at Colorado State
ry sex glands. increase of dystocia in the U.S. cat- measured the pelvises from 1000 heif4. Penis and sheath examination. tle population, cattlemen have ob- ers, at 35 to 40 days after breeding 5. Scrotal circumference meas- served an increase in postpartum and at calving time. Using this inforurement. intervals and as a result lower preg- mation they studied the relationship
6. Examination of testicular shape nancy rates. In an attempt to offset (Continued on page 81)
and firmness.
Seminal characteristics evaluated FIGURE 1. PELVIC AREA IN CM
include spermatozoal motility and 141-151- 161- 171- 181- 191- 201- 211- 221- 231- 241morphology. Upon completion of the 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250
BSE a bull is scored as a satisfactory,
questionable or unsatisfactory potential breeder. 100 BIRTH WEIGHT 51-60 LB.
Table 1 indicates the correlations 100 between BSE components and preg- 90
nancy rates in heifers. 80
Scrotal circumference appears to 70 58
be the single most important BSE 60 4
measurement taken on a bull be- 50 43
cause: 1) it is highly correlated with 40 27
daily sperm production; 2) it is high- "d 30 -11 ly repeatable within and between 0 010 [ 0 0 0
technicians; and 3) it is moderately 10 heritable. Brinks et al. (1977) report- 0 4 2
ed significant favorable estimated NUMBER OF OBSERVATIONS
genetic correlations between age at
puberty in heifers and some BSE
components in their half-sib brothers
(Table 2).
Table 2 indicates that young bulls FIGURE 2. PELVIC AREA IN CM
with above average scrotal circumfer- 141-151- 161- 171- 181- 191- 201- 211- 221- 231- 241ence and normal sperm counts should 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250
produce heifers with an earlier inherent age at puberty. Caution should be
taken with interpreting scrotal meas- 100 urements on a bull of a particular 90
age. Breed (Angus vs. Brahman) and 0
previous nutritional regime (fitted for 80 show vs. pasture raised) can greatly 60 8 6
influence scrotal size. 60 60 6 48
Another area of interest related to 50 60 48
BSE's and reproductive management 30
is single vs. multi-sire herds. Recent "Z 20 -[ research has indicated that in a multi- 0 3"-iL15 14
sire herd the greatest percentage of 99 101901 7 0 0
calves are sired by one of the older 64 F I2, ][] [-"
bulls. Ologun et al. (1981) indicated
that in a multi-sire herd: 1) the most NUMBER OF OBSERVATIONS
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 69




Feed Florida Molasses Purebred cattle auctions
... rich in easily require extensive planning
digestible energy
by H. FRED DIETRICH, III
The auction system of merchandising auction.
purebred cattle is a major method of
marketing for purebred beef cattle Catalog
breeders. This marketing method has A catalog should be printed and dislong been a basis of establishing prices tributed about one month before the in the industry. In addition most auction date. The catalog should inFlorida Molasses Exchange, Inc. breed price records are set at auction. clude weaning weights, ratio yearling
31 West 20th Street-P.O. Box 10644 There are several types of purebred weights, ratio gain, test results, show
Riviera Beach, Florida 33404 beef cattle auctions such as: records, pregnancy status, fertility
305/848-3301 1) Breed promotional auctions. The tests and other important informapurpose of this type of auction is to tion. It should also include references Were breeding purebred Limousin promote a breed of cattle and estab- of the cattle listed in the pedigrees.
with the commercial cattlemen in mind."
lish strong prices for that breed. These Other information needed in an aucCircle 0 Limousin Ranch may involve the glamour of a hotel tion catalog includes: greetings and
&F Rt. 3 Box 466.0, Fort Pierce, FL 33450 ballroom or other unique setting. welcome, terms of the auction, any
Dr. Ray C. Olson 2) Production auctions. This is a needed disclaimers, maps, and sale
Owner method of marketing the cattle pro- headquarters, and other needed inBill Brown Resident Manager 305-465-5050 duced by a breeder or a group of formation. Sometimes the cost of a breeders. catalog can be reduced by selling adBEEF CLUB CALVES 3) Reduction auctions. This is a vertisements.
ONLY THE BEST COME FROM system where breeders reduce or cut Preparation of cattle
OSBORNE CATTLE SERVICES back on their cattle inventory. Preparation of cattle
SPECIALIZING IN 4) Dispersal auctions. The objec- The condition of cattle is very imporLIMOUSIN CATTLE tive of this type of auction is to liq- tant. Cattle will sell much better if
For sale at all times uidate an entire herd of cattle. These they are in good condition. The catFullbloods and DAVIE, FLORIDA
Purebreds (305) 584-6010 auctions often include the real estate tie should be on feed at least 120 days
and farm machinery, before the auction. Another imporThere are several steps to consider tant factor is conditioning the cattle GINGERBRED FARM in planning and carrying out a pure- to auction noise and handling. Two
"Limousin, Brahmousin and Watusi bred beef cattle auction. Major fac- good ways to do this are to play a for Sale" tors to consider are: loud radio in their feed area and to
Breeding Limousin Since 1970 work the cattle through the sale ring
W. E. & Joenell Webb Date selection before the auction. Another imporBox 387, Rt. 15 The date should be selected as far in tant step is to obtain the services of
Maxville, Fa. 32234 a good large animal trinarian A
904/289-7159 advance as possible. It is really im-v e good earanma ure i. a
portant to avoid conflicts with any good veterinarian can make sure that LIMOUSIN & BRAHMOUSIN other cattle auctions. As soon as a all state and federal health regulaShow calves o Heifers date has been set, it should be sent tions are met, that bulls have proper
Herd Bull Prospects to all the cattle and farm publications fertility tests and that cows are pregfor their calendar of events. Often nancy tested. All cattle also need to Powder Puff cattle are in their best condition in the be identified by lot number. My pref4770 Highway 11 fall. Fall sales also get the cattle off erence is to dip a number branding
DeLeon Springs, FL 32028 the cattlemen's winter feed bill. How- iron into paint and place the lot num904/736-3979 904/734-3177 ever, spring auctions have the advan- ber on each side of the cow. Other
tage of new grass on the way and the methods of lot number identification optimism of better times. include ear tags, neck tags, and paper
stick-on numbers.
I-Linl]u l Advertising and ringmen
o.Prarhre- & Percenage This is the key ingredient to get peo- Location
lo lt Bull, &~m l ple to a cattle auction. Most adver- Most purebred cattle sell better on the
SebringFld ,tising for cattle auctions is done in ranch. Some ranchers have large
Russell Lo, i. I~tm~s.livestock magazines. Many of these barns that adapt themselves to good
813-82-692 furnish ringmen. A major consider- sale locations. In other situations a
ation is advertising in publications nice tent 40 x 40 or larger works out MILTON BRADSHAW BROTHERS that furish strong ring service. Other really well. Portable pens can be used
considerations are local newspapers to make a sale ring and cattle pens. BRAHMOUSIN and radio. Direct mailing to prospec- In some situations it is necessary to
P.0. Box 846 tive buyers is also one of the best move the cattle to a fairground or
Milton, FL 32572 ways to get buyers to a cattle auction. stockyard; however, cattle seem to
Red Brahmousin rm the Heart of Texas" Often it may be advantageous to hire sell better on the farm.
"Dra 904 rom3-5362 Eves Heart ofTefree-lance ringmen. Good ringmen
ays: 9046235362 Eves. 904623-5951 can be a tremendous asset to a cattle (Continued on page 77)
70 / THE FLORIDA CATITLEMAN / JULY 1987




FLORIDA LIMOUSIN CATTLE COMPANY
"WHERE CHAMPIONS ARE BRED"
1986-Two Reserve Club Calves for SaleChampion Steers Steers and Heifers
1987 Florida State Fair Grand Champion.
DALLAS DEADWYLER
Route 1, Box 512
Lorida, Florida 33857
813/763-3330
DONINI Florida Prine Limousin
Limousin RanchLimousinFull French Limousin John DoninR Gna Hol Paul Fulbright, Manager
Owner Ranch Manager Ass
8131754-2368 813/752-9688 location P.O. Box 255, Lithia, FL 33547
Rt. 1, Box 177B, Dover, FL 33527 P.O. BOX 636 813 / 923-4981 (office, days)
Home of Mr. Top Hat Okeechobee, FL 33472 813 / 737-1272 (ranch)
Home of Mr. Keyed Up 126L
Two time Florida Premier Bull winner
El Shadai Farms Cal ohso n4et
Larry E. Coy Carl Johnson
9241 No Road LIMOUSIN FARM M ILW
Jacksonville, FL 32210 525 South Kings Avenue Limousin Cattle For Sale
Phone 904-772-9965 Brandon, Florida 33511 Art Schrader & Sons
San Antonio, FL 33576
Phone 813/689-5161 9041588-3321
FREEMAN CATTLE Co. Florida Limousin
Show Steers Cattle Company John Shepard & Son
Heifers & Bulls "Where Champions are Bred" P.O. Box 8
* Herd is certified 0 Dallas Deadwyler Greensboro, FL 32330
Ph. 813-763-3610-P.O. Box 636 Rt. 1, Box 512
Okeechobee, Fl. 33472 Lorida, FL 33857 Phone 904-442-6257
813-763-3330
Limousin & Commercial Cattle James Place Paul C. Thomas Ranch
Harloff Farms Limousin Ranch P.O. Box 1092
P.O. Box 1787 Buddy James Mount Dora, FL 32757
Bradenton, FL 33506 6215 Wilson Blvd. 904-383-6437
Phone 813/729'3871
Floyd Smith, cattle Foreman Jacksonvlle, FL 32210 LIMOUSIN & BRAHMOUSIN
Ranch 813/729R3568 Phone 904-772-1034
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 /71




Brucellosis the correct animals now become the
responsibility of the person(s) shipSimbrah (Continued from page 34) ping and transporting the cattle. The
new health certificates contain an
Thmuscle beStandOf ferthe Brahmanof SimmentalcomplentMilk, In addition to losing their accredi- "Owner/Agent Statement" which is the adaptability and hardiness of the Brahman. tation, several veterinarians have signed by the owner or agent and For information: American Simmental Associa- been named as the defendants in tion. Toll free: 1-800-548-0205. states that "The animals in this shipmulti-million dollar legal suits be- meant are those certified to and listed cause of issuing health certificates on this certificate." If substitutions that were incorrect. Legal suits, that should occur or additional animals were filed by cattlemen, not govern- are placed on the truck; the veterinarment agencies. It is very different ian will not be held solely responsifrom the past; the accredited veter- ble. The individual identification and Simmental-Simbrah inarians must adhere to the "Stan- listing of each animal being shipped
dards for Accredited Veterinarians" is a great inconvenience and a costly The Davenports Rt. 1 Box 213-B extremely close; they have no choice. one, but the legal ramifications do 904/591-1156 Reddlck, Fl. 32686 The days of the "quick health certifi- not allow the veterinarian nor the
cate" are essentially over. The loss of owner to do otherwise. Performance Tested accreditation can severely restrict a For additional information call:
HEREFORD, SIMBRAH & veterinary practice and the loss of a (904) 488-7182, (904) 392-4847, or
SIMMENTAL civil suit could financially ruin a (904) 377-5632.
CORRIGAN RANCH veterinary practitioner.
If a health certificate is issued on Southeast Longhorn P. Box 2410 a "load" of animals, the veterinariPh: 305.567-7141, 569-2342 officers elected
Vue Beach. Florida 32960 an is opened to possible trouble. To
prevent possible civil and/or regula- Richard Mathews, Brooksville, was
FLORIgA tory legal actions, the veterinarian reelected president of the South EastFLORIt must individually identify each ani- ern Texas Longhorn Association at
mal and certify that the animal meets a meeting held on May 10 at Montim m e tathe requirements stated on the health gomery, Alabama
ASSOCIATION certificate. The entire load of animals Lummie Williams, Cordele, GeorP.O. Box 1O may be listed on one health certifi- gia, was named vice president of the
Gulf Hammock, FL 32639 cate; but unless specifically exempt- association, and June Mathews, 904/486-2901
904/486-2197 ed, each animal must be individually Brooksville, was renamed secretaryidentified and listed separately. The treasurer. Simbrah veterinarian is still responsible for the New directors elected at the meetF ionatt certification of vaccination records ing were: Patsy Nathe, Dade City;
Foundation Cattle and the health status of each animal, Ken Griffin, Alford; and W. T.
Wes & Liz 0r but the loading and the delivery of Comer, Hendersonville, Tennessee.
Williams
904-486-2901
Home of "Pete"
Miller Crest Farms
Simmental Cattle
Quality Percentage & Purebred
For Sale at all times.
Peggy, Spence & Jeff Miller Box 519, Bronson, FL 32621
904/486-2797 or 486-2966
~ Promote BEEF
everyday...
Support Your
Florida Beef Council
HASSEL ARABIAN
AND SIMMENTAL STUD
Purebred, Simmental and Simbrah, bulls and
females and Arabian Horses.
Simmental Semen Herd No. 5618
Paul & Phyllis Hassel
P.0. Box 156, Reddick, FL 32686 THIS IS AN unusual pair, even in Madison. DiAnne Thompson of Ironwood Farms, Madi
904-591-2300 son, took this picture of one of her baby goats nursing a sow.
72 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




Selecting Heifers, Made Easy
Dunkin Farms Second Production Sal
Selecting the right heifers is harder than choosing good cows. With heifers, you're evaluating production potential, and that's where Dunkin Farms makes your choices easy. Each of the classy heifers offered in our Second Production Sale is sure to make an impact on any herd and satisfy the most discriminating breeder. All of the heifers are sired by the best bulls the Beefmaster breed has to offer and are out of cows that are proven producers. So come to our auction and see how easy 't selecting the right heifers can be! "Dunkin Farms Special Donor Offering" will include 4 ,
two dynamite donors a mother/daughter team that will '' ,:
be sure to light your fuse on sale day. ,
Dunkin Farms 555 isavery feminine heifer that has it all: deep body, broody, loose hide, good head, good top line, hindquarter muscle all the way to the hock, and correct. What more would you want?
Dunkin Farms 493 is a Special Donor Feature lot that sells as Lot 1. She is a proven producer. Sells open with a pregnant recipient by Snoopy. "We feel this is one of the best animals we own," says Charlie Dunkin. This embryo daughter of Robert E. Lee is a sample of what Dunkin Farms is doing. 493's darn will sell as Lot 2.
I Selling 100 outstanding heifers and two dynamite donors. 9 Sale Headquarters: Holiday Inn Highway 80 West
* A BBU Approved Sale Selma, AL e 36701 205/872-0461
1 Dunkin Farms Second Production Sale. Sale Manager: Thompson Cattle Marketing
Saturday, August 15th 10:00 a.m. Fred Thompson Bruce Robbins (912) 859-2421
at the ranch in Selma, Alabama e Auctioneer: Gerald Bowie
Route 1, Box 105, Marion Junction, Alabama 36759 N dN
Charles F. Dunkin, Owner I
9 Ofc: 205/822-6104 Res: 205/979-2303 Jamie Horton, Ranch Manager 9 205/872-3291 Certified Free Herd




-Records take the
guesswork out BOB SAND heads the University of Floriof selection. da's private herd production testing proN J, gram through the Florida Beef Cattle
Improvement Association.
What a difference a year makes!1
R.S. SAND
Extension Livestock Specialist
University of Florida
W hat a difference a year makes! quantity; two, the industry has finally Only a small percentage of the
Last year at this time prices recognized that there are practical bulls listed on most breed sire sumwere some of the lowest in many limits to frame size and that we need manies have carcass data on progeny
years. The dairy herd buy out pro- to give additional emphasis to quali- available. Until more bulls with gram had depressed prices for a ty (marbling ability) in our calves, progeny carcass data and favorable 400-500 pound steer $12.50/cwt from As a cattleman, I see these chang- EPD's for the traits you are trying to the year before ($56 vs. $68.50). Last ing trends complicating acquiring new improve are available, the alternaweek the same steer was worth $22.50 genetic resources (bull buying). It tives are to use proven bulls through more than last year, $78.50 vs. $56.00. won't affect the propagator since all A.I. or try to find sons of proven
The upward price trend started in he looks for is something that will get bulls that are adapted to our subtropthe winter and one of the side effects his cows pregnant and is cheap to ical environment. In a bull deficit has been a strong demand for bulls. purchase. It won't have much of an state like Florida this will not be easy. The demand has been strong enough effect on the cattleman who has a Over the long haul, I believe that that many of the sale organizers for planned breeding program that he success from a breeding standpoint some select sales with entrance require- has been working on for many years will go to those who have a planned ments are concerned about getting and knows where and how his product crossbreeding program combining enough bulls consigned to hold a sale. fits into the production chain. It will those breeds that will result in Many breeders report having sold all effect the cattleman who hasn't de- replacement females that will be ferof their breeding age bulls early this veloped a long range breeding plan tile and adapted to the environment. spring, and set of goals for his herd but Their steer mates will grow rapidly,
At the same time industry leaders recognizes that changes are coming have average or better muscling, finhave been discussing new marketing and decides that he is going to get on ish at 1050 to 1200 lbs with an acceptstandards for fed cattle and carcass the bandwagon. able fat cover over loin and have
beef that will impact on breeding pro- The biggest problem a cattleman acceptable yield and quality grades. grams. The industry has recognized faces in trying to select bulls that will This is a formidable challenge but that consumers want tender, juicy improve carcass merit of his cattle is the tools and some of the genetic beef without excess fat that must be a lack of information on these traits resources are identified and available. trimmed off and thrown away. They in bulls being offered for sale. There Performance records and national are also recognizing that in addition are differences between breeds but sire summary data help take the gamnto being too small, cattle can be too generally these differences are no ble out of breeding decisions. Perforbig. Wholesale cuts from carcasses larger than the differences within mance records will allow You to larger than 775-800 pounds don't fit breeds. Data from the hands on unit identify the cows who have superior the box and the individual retail cuts at the University do not show a con- production traits so their daughters are too large to sell well in the meat sistent advantage to any breed in car- can be retained as replacements. They case. The meat retailers are saying a cass merit. Carcass traits are highly also identify poor producers that 15 inch loineye is as large as they can heritable so progress can be made need to be replaced with a heifer with sell profitably. through selection. Unfortunately, car- better production potential.
cass data is expensive and time con- Additional information on perforWu hat does all this have to do suming to collect. A bull bred as a mance records and use of sire sulV!with better bulls? Principally yearling will be four years old by the manies is available through your local two things: one, bulls on the average time enough carcass data on his livestock extension agent or Dr. R.S. should be better quality than they progeny is available to make a sound Sand, 231 Animal Science Building, have been in the past and fewer in decision on his genetic merit. Gainesville, 32611.
74 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




BROUSSARD BEEFMASTERS
Our top quality Bulls produce top quality replacement heifers
Performance tested bulls for sale at all times
Cresent %tRanch
Charles Bradley Wm. J. Broussard, M.D.
Foreman Owner
Star Route Box 1708 1355 S. Hickory St.
Melbourne, FL 32904 Melbourne, FL 32901
Ph. (305) 892-5010 Ph. (305) 777-0088
COME ONE AND ALL
Polk County Cattlemen's Association Invites You To
FLORIDA'S TOP SPECIAL SALE
Tuesday, August 11, 12:00 noon
Cattlemen's Livestock Market, Lakeland
THIS IS A RECORD PROVEN TOP SALE
Traditional date averages over 1900 sold ALL CATTLEMEN WELCOME!
Bring one or bring a truckload.
Calves, yearlings, cows, any class, sex or weight welcomed.
AN EXCELLENT SELECTION OF QUALITY
CROSSBRED REPLACEMENT HEIFERS
Prizes will be awarded for: For Further Information: Largest group consigned- DAYS EVENINGS
Pair of Boots; largest group B ErENa Wl
of 20 or more from the Bill Hamilton, Lakeland Jerry Keen, Lake Wales
longest distance-Felt Hat; 813/682-0117 8131696-2277
top averaging price per pound Sid Sumner John Carter, Lake Wales
for 20 or more-Felt Hat 813/533-0765 8131676-2442
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 75




ABT he gV'ug5"'q
lhiplel D111 FARMER
- Gainesville
. Fiber terminology is changing
E in dairy cattle rations
* Laklan
Ivan Alard 813/646-3434 by B. HARRIS, JR. possible looseness. The same concept
LkUniversity of Florida is used by many Florida dairymen
Vrno St. 8 1465-4659 where less fiber is used in early lacMayo Fiber terminology in recent years has tation and more as the cow progresses
*J[oo O'See 904, been expanded to include effective, in lactation. Using NDF is a more
acid detergent fiber (ADF), neutral scientific approach in obtaining maxJack detergent fiber (NDF) and the com- imum dry matter intake and milk
Slmonly used term crude fiber. production. With good quality forDistritlOffes We in Florida have, for several ages, the forage portion can be inyears, been using effective fiber due creased without sacrificing milk
--to the amount of byproduct feed- production. This is especially usel mmohd 70.4 stuffs that are used in dairy cattle ra- ful in areas where forages are the
545 -6540 tions and for lack of a better term in cheapest source of feed. As cows pro*z Defining fiber. In some laboratories, gress in lactation the NDF content of
i Vlot ADF has largely replaced crude fiber the ration is increased to about 35
as the fiber measurement. However, percent for cows producing 45-55 813-665-7 like crude fiber, ADF does not ade- pounds and higher for cows producquately represent the total fiber val- ing less than 40 pounds of milk. ue of feedstuffs nor does it relate well Forage quality and the use of cotto dry matter (DM) intake or densi- tonseed hulls may delay Florida
TR BILL VOSS ties of feeds. A general relationship dairymen from adopting the NDF
Your Cutter shows that ADF is about 1.26 times system in the near future. Even so,
Representative the crude fiber value for a forage. Dr. Dave Mertens, a dairy scientist
Ph: 904-796.9735 ADF does relate well to digestibility formerly from the University of
712 Stockton Street and is the starting point for measur- Georgia and now working at the U.S.
Brooksville, FL 33512 ing heat damaged protein in silage Dairy and Forage Research Labora(ADF-N). tory in Madison, Wisconsin, conFine-tuning rations based on NDF tinues to develop new strategies with Promote EEF is gradually becoming popular in different forages. NDF is a measure
areas where silage and alfalfa hay are of total fiber including cellulose, ligvey a.. / the primary roughages and corn is the nin and hemicellulose. The hemicelmajor source of energy. Under such lulose portion of the feedstuff is Support Your conditions, the optimal NDF as a usually quite digestible.
percent of total ration dry matter for Tables on NDF values of different Florida Beef Council high producing cows is about 28-30 forages are continuously being compercent. Values lower than 25 percent piled and updated. The ration formumay result in milk fat depression and lated below shows the use of both
FL D EFFECTIVE
lbs DM CP TDN CA PHOS NDF FIBER COST lbs $$$
Bermuda Hay 3.00 2.70 0.21 1.20 0.01 .00 2.10 0.96 0.11 Danny Yant E ugene I De~ittCorn Silage 45.00 13.50 1.13 9.00 0.04 0.02 6.30 5.40 0.68
Green Ce' Spig Oko bee~ Corn Meal 11.00 9.90 0.95 8.80 0.00 0.03 0.69 0.22 0.44
90,4-284lI-3982 813-763-0341 Soybean Hulls 5.00 4.45 0.60 3.25 0.02 0.01 3.00 1.95 0.20
Distillers grains 8.00 7.28 2.00 6.56 0.01 0.03 3.10 0.88 0.48 g glg l t-r~~ ,ttlSoybean Meal 6.00 5.40 2.64 4.68 0.01 0.04 0.84 0.12 0.51
rald Mineral 1.30 1.22 0.00 0.00 0.21 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.16
90452Soyb-eanMe al3682- 79.30 44.45 7.52 33.49 0.03 0.20 16.03 9.53 2.56
Requirements (75# Milk) 7.50 33.10 0.25 0.18 0.00
Be & Dairy Composition (DM%) 16.92 75.34 0.67 0.45 36.06 21.44 3.23
76 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




NDF and effective fiber in formulat __________________________________ing rations.
It appears that NDF values will be used by more and more dairymen in formulating rations. As with crude fi- Georgia Livestock Equipment
ber though, particle size and length of cut will affect the reliability of & Associates, Inc.
NDF values. Reliable standards have not yet been established for cotton- P.O. Box 1537 a Vidalia, Georgia 30474
seed hull rations. 912-537-8067
Call or write for Free Brochure
Cattle auctions
(Continued from page 70)
Auction help
On purebred cattle auctions it is really important to have help that know how7FI to work cattle. Good sale help know how to work the cattle easily and calmly during the auction. An auction, is no place for "drug store cowboys." The clerk and cashiers also need a strong cattle knowledge. For example, 4
my wife Gayle, who does the paper Portable Cattle Feeders Silage Troughs Feed Bunks
work on many purebred auctions, has Weather Proof Design 4 Sizes Available
a B.S. degree in animal science from 4 Sizes Available 25, 50, 45 & 90 cubic foot
the University of Florida. Good auc- /, 3 /, 6 & 8 ton capacities capacities tion help save far more than they cost. *Hot-Dip Galvanized
Covering auction costs
None of us is in business to lose money; therefore, it is really important to ______________________________________collect consignment fees or front money to cover all the auction fixed costs, well before the auction. In summary these are the key factors to consider in marketing purebred beef cat- BE IE
tion will be different. Still auction is the most dynamic method of marketing purebred beef cattle. S RNT
Editor's note: H. Fred Dietrich, III served as the 1985 Florida Auctioneer Association president. In addition, he holds both a BS and a Master's degree in agriculture combined with the lifetime experiences of breeding, T 13F NA 10111
showing, and selling purebred beef l IFIL 1 0 11
cattle. Dietrich is a past president of I f P Lir ~ I
the Florida Santa Gertrudis Associ- -INi F LY CONTi'iRO'L
ation and has judged numerous cattle shows.
sponsore byteNtoalCr1E L
A recent Purdue University study, Growers Association, found that new (COU MAPHOS)
demand created for corn by the E usfal ietc
ethanol industry in 1985 saved the Eusfal ietc
government $227 million in taxpay-inetcd er dollars by supporting the ethanol industry.
Join your local county Cattlemen's = ehM~~ C.e Bnn fImvt
Association. Sne19
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 /77




LET CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING SELL FOR YOU
Rate 50 per word, minimum charge $10.00. Classified display $25.00 column inch. Deadline for advertising is 5th of month preceding publication. Send copy and payment to:
ATHE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN, BOX 1403, KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA 32742-1403
AUCTIONEERING LIVESTOCK REAL ESTATE
FORT SMITH AUCTION SCHOOL 823 Cavanaugh Rd., Ft. Smith, Ark.
72903. Resident and home study. Veteran approved. RED ANGUS-Angus efficiency and HARDEE COUNTY RANCH
501/646-1181. quality with red color. Add more qual- 2,000 ac. 1/2 improved. EXCELLENT
ity and feed-lot and packer accepta- HUNTING. 4 miles road frontage. Only
MENDENHALL SCHOOL OF AUCTIONEERING. America's Tsp-Quality bility to your Brahman cross calves. $775 per ac.! Auction School. Veteran Approved. Free Catalog. Write or Call. FLORIDA RED ANGUS ASSOCIAP.O. Box 7344, High Point, N.C. 27264. (919) 887-1165. TION. Rt. 3, Box 683, Jay, Florida SOUTH FLORIDA CITRUS LAND
DOGS 32565. 904/994-3256 1,920 ac. south of Immokaleel Canal &
numerous wells. $1,500 per ac. Owner
REGISTERED AUSTRALIAN Shepherd working stock dogs. Started TRIPLE D RANCH-782A in Manatee Coun- financing 10 years interest only! dogs and pups. 904/765-3919. 17901 Lem Turner Road, Jack- ty. Cattle Ranch. Hay field, pasture, 537A JOE L. DAVIS, INC., Realtors sonville, FL 32218. fenced in. Exchange, lease option, joint P.O. Box 1149
venture-all offers carefully considered. For Wauchula, FL 33873
AUSTRALIAN CATTLE DOGS, AKC PUPS, $100 up. Guaranteed more information call Pat Seaman, Real- 813/773-2128
natural heelers. Free brochure. Bill Guynes, Iberia, Missouri, tor/Salesman, MERRILL LYNCH REALTY/ 813/452-5111
65486. 314/793-6255. FL, INC., (813) 360-0871. 813/735-0391 eves.
LIVESTOCK
CERTIFIED HERD-130 bred Brangus $550, 130 bred Braords MARCHIGIANA Orange Groves Ranch Farm Land
$575, 3 to 9 years old. July delivery. 813-494-7302. 50 purebred cows with calves and bred CARY MERCER
heifers. Lots of polls. Realtor Associate
Sell your free boarders and Increase P.O. Box 789 Arcadia, Fl 33821
your calving percentages, through Rt. 4, Box 102, Gallatin, TN 37066 Turner Realty, Not Inc. Bus. 813-494-"4777
annual pregnancy testing. Let us Jas. A Womack Ph: 615-452-4078 Arcadia, Florida 33821
show you facts to prove we can help.
P.O. Box 21 REAL ESTATE 3120 ACRES-MARION COUNTY
LARRY LEWIS Felsmere, FL 32948
Ph: 305/571-1627 13/4 miles of state road frontage.
Some improved pasture-Forestry
BRAFORD CROSS HERD for sale: South Florida Grassing, Inc. KEITH G nEAtE Survey. $850 per acre.
(305) 746-7816 Associate W.H. Morse Corporation, Realtors
Office 8131763.3149 Mobile 763-1503 P.O. Box 2345 3051847-3133
Embryo Transfer Cattlemen's Real Estate Kissimmee, FI 32742
Reg. Real Estate Broker
Reproductive Technology 4026 Hwy. 441, SE SuiteS I0Virginia Avenue
International Okeechobee, FL 33474 FILI PrfeionalCenre.PPO.BoxtI7
James L. (Jim) Griffin, Ph.D. ForIIce, R.1
P.O. Box 1333 Plant City, Fla. 33566 1 JCITRUS
8131752.2181 BE F I EA"
BEEF GIVE COMMERCIAL
0.9. 11111N11111111 JR. PP ICE 385146150
Execuive Vice Presideet Abe Hoers(305146547N
FOR SALE Licensed Rel Estate Breke, Telexi0
43 Simbrah cows LEONARD D. LANDRESS REALTY We Sell Ranches & Ranch Land
31 8-year-olds Licensed Broker STEPHEN L. MILLER REALTY CORP.
3 4-year-olds P.O. Box 595, Bonifay, FL 32425
9 3-year-olds Phone (904) 547-3466 1900 U.S. 27 North Stephen L. Miller
Free Property List Lake Placid, FL 33852 Lic. Real Estate Broker
(3 Angus cross calves by side) Located Hwy. 90, 2 Mi. W. Hwy. 79. (813) 655-2001
-1753-Dairy, Fully equipped, 373 acres, 3
77 Brahman cows Homes, Main Home has Lg. Swimming Pool.
Double 7 herringbone Milk Parlour, 315 head cat- MARIAN NA-TALLAHASSEE AREA 33 purebred tie, silos, feed bams, 2 Milk tanks, 540 Gal. Base.
20 about 12-years-old All this and all equipment for the low price of 600 Ac Ranch. 350 ac pasture with
8 4-year-olds $950,000. scattered oak & pine. Balance
3 3-year-olds -1761-Diversified Farm 400 Acres, 1 Mi. paved wooded. Creek. Fenced. Good
2-year-olds Rd. frontage. 2 Mi. to town 100 large pecan hunting.
trees, 4 ponds, 8 rm. country home. Barns, REPO. $360 per ac. Good subdivision
Sheds, All Yours, Only $375,000. property. Terms.
44 Reg. Brahman cows 3-7 years. -1655-This is it: 180 acres, has 2 deep wells, 130 Ac Farm. 76 ac cropland. Balance
(14 Brangus calves by side) 140 acres good pasture, Oak grove Home Site, woods & creek. Terms.
Barn, Mobile home to live In while building, 2 $500 Ac. REPO. Terms. ponds (In area of Good Hunting) Price ($115,000.) 2865 Ac Farm/Ranch. REPO. Fertile All cattle are bred back to Angus bulls. -1789-610 Acres, 5 Stran Barbe-treated post, 2 soils. Good fencing. Buildings. $450
homes (farm style) $475.+ per Ac. Total ac. Terms.
($290,000.) 3200 Ac Timber Tract. 1-10 location.
Call Kathleen B. Davis -1492-Diversified Farm, Ranch, Spacious 3 Br. $550 ac.
Day 813-635-4881 1 Wa bath, 2 Ig. barns, 8 than, Bu. grain bin, V4 mi. Florida Farm Realty, P.O. Box 250,
Night 813-638-2281 creek frontage, 404 acres. Price 325,000. Alford, FL 32420 904-579-4694
-1426-Horse & Cattle Ranch, 20 Stall Horse
Barn 5 Ac. Steel Fenced Corral, Sheds, 34 Grain
Bins, Dryers & Augers, Nice 3 Br., 2 bath, block
home. 1031 Ac. Total Price $1,500,000. Terms. ADVERTISE
78 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




MISCELLANEOUS MCA
SEED HARVESTING
C.M. Payne & Son, Inc. W
Licensed, Bonded Seed Dealer 9410 Payne Road, Sebring, FL 33870
Seed Available: Argentine & Paraguayan 22 Bahia
grass. Aeschynomene; Common Hairy indigo; F
Jap Millet; Winter and Summer Legumes.
Ph: 813/385-4642 or 385-8330
PUMPS
Since 1945 PWhy Should YOU Support the NCA protects yourrights and our free
8P12 18"c 24PT National Cattlemen's Association? enterprise system.
8"l 1 2 7 1" 2* Keep up to date with the "National
Call 305-924-5577 You will be recognized as a progres- Cattlemen" the monthly cattle
Eves: 305-286-8921 sive member of the organization business management publication.
created to represent America's beef Receive timely updates in the "Beef
CALLEY GIANT BURMUDA producers. Business Bulletin" the cattleman's
e NCA fights the battles in Washington weekly business newsletter& market
Plant material. Relatively pure stand for you so you are free to run your update.
rogued 3 years for off brand perennials, business. Show your pride as an American
$3.50 bale discount on 500 bales. Nights NCA fights to keep the untrue claims cattleman and an NCA member
904-793-1583 of anti-beef activists from influencing with yourpersonal membership card
consumers, and decal.
WANTED TO BUY NCA educates opinion influencers You have direct access to a profesOaks, Pines, Myrtle, and other trees suita- about the safetyand wholesomeness sional staff that has the answers you
ble for landscaping. of our product. need.
Heights-10 to 20 feet. We dig.
Consolidated Trees, Inc.
Rt. 8, Box 828, Lutz, FL 33549 Call or write for information toda4
813-949-5426
NATIONAL CATTLEMEN'S ASSOCIATION Harvesting of Bahias and P.O. Box 3469
Other Seed Crops Englewood, CO 80155
Argentine Pensacola and Paraguayan (303) 694-0305
Bahia Grass Seed For Sale
DAVE PARTIN
Rt. 3, Box 2476St. Cloud, Florida 32769
305-892-9265
HANCOCK SEED CO.
Seeds available for summer planting
Pead Hybrid Leafy 20 Millet Wild Game Seed Mixes Argentine Bahlagrass Dove Pross Millet
Pensacola Bahiagrass Brown Top Millet
Alyce Clover Japanese Millet
Call Richard Hancock 904-567-6971 for planting recommendations, share harvesting, processing
and sales.
BEEF GIVES STRENGTH
READY-DAILY G T JOB DO[ E!
CASH MARKET
TREES EMPLOYMENT
Central Packing Co., Inc. G Genetically Superior Slash* Livingston Parrish Loblolly 100 AMERICAN BREEDERS SERVICE beet rep position available. The
Species of Hardwoods 100,000 Containerized Trees. Central world's leading business involved in genetic improvement of dairy P.O. Box 429 Fla. Lands & Timber, Nursery Division, Day, FL (904) 294-1211. and beef cattle through artificial insemination is seeking to fill two
CENTER HILL, FLORIDA 34254 ABS beef representative positions in central and southern Florida.
ABS beef rap; This position is a part time position. The ideal candiHELP WANTED date will have a B.S. in animal science as well as being very
knowledgeable about Florida's beef industry. This position has great Tommy Bryan, 904/793.2781 opportunities for any qualified individual. American Breeders ServHELP WANTED: NW Florida beef cattle ranch needs herdsman with ice is the world leader in the cattle artificial insemination industry EST Dick Helton, 904/795.0894 management skills, Al. experience necessary, E.T. experience which excels in both beef and dairy genetics. Interested persons
96 Office Phone helpful. Send resume: Little Star Ranch, Box 7, Cottondale, FL should forward resumes to ABS District Sales Manager Dirk VIol,
904793-3671 32431. 2050 E. Edgewood Or. F36, Lakeland, FL 33803.
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 79




awLab
H.L. RUBIN, D.V.M.
Fla. Dept. of Agriculture
Residual drugs in foods of animal
A Bar B ..................... 29 Florida Polled Hereford ........ 65 Philman's Custom Sere ........ 61 origin that reach marketing channels
Adams Ranch ............... 38 Florida Santa Gertrudis ......... 50 W.C. Pigg .................. 67 is one of the greatest concerns of the
Adsit ....................... 14 Florida Simmental ........... 72 Pine Acres Ranch ............ 64
Amarillo Video Auction ........ 50 Freeman Cattle Co ............. 71 Pine Pasture Farms ........... 64 USDA Food Safety and Inspection
American Breeder Service ....... 76 Gainesville L.S. Market ......... 7 Pineview Farms .................4 .Service (FSIS). Failure on the part
American Simmental ........ _72 G'ville Stockman Supply ..... 8 Polk Calf Sale ............... 75
Anhinga Farms ................ 65 Gemini Springs .............. 50 Powder Puff Ranch ........... 70 of the producers to follow proper
Arcadia L.S. Market ............ 7 Ga. Livestock Equip ............ 7 Prine Limousin ............ 71
Arrowmaker Farms ........... 66 Gingerbred Farm ............. 70 Progressive Genetics .......... 44 guidelines when administering drugs
Baldwin, Leroy .............. 23 Graham Angus Farm ........... 20 Quail Roost Farm ............ 20 or when applying agricultural chemBar A Brangus ............... 29 Granada Land & Cattle ......... 28 R and D Brangus ............ 29 icals can result in the condemnation
Bar D Ranch ................. 28 Greenway Angus ............... 20 Reb Brahmas ................ 32
Bar-Jon Ranch ............... 50 Haile-Dean Seed Co ........... 6 Register Farms ............... 32 of thousands of pounds of food
Barnett Angus ................. 20 Hampton House Brahmas ..... 32 Ridgecrest Farm ............. 34 products.
Barthle Bros................ _30 Hardee Farms ............... 28 River Divide ................ 39
Beville, Herman .............. 30 Hardee Market ............... 7 Sam Robinson Club Calves ..... 60 The use of drugs and chemicals in
Black Bull .......... ....... 20 Roger Harloff Farms ......... 71 Rocking S Ranch ............. 32
Black Shadow Angus .......... 20 Harrell Equipment ............ 13 Rocking T Ranch ............. 58 animal production and other agriculBlue Bird ................. 58 Hassel Simmental ............ 72 Arky Rogers ................ 30 tural pursuits has been extremely
Bradshaw Limousin ........... 70 Heldenbrand & Sons ........ 66 Rohn Agri-Products .......... 59
Brangus Breeders ..... ....... _29 Heldon Ranch ............. 28 Rowe and Sons .............. 60 beneficial in improving production
Carlton's Two By Four Ranch ..29 Hidden Valley Ranch........... 27 Saddle Rack ................. 65 and reducing losses caused by disCastle Nugent ..... ........ 66 Honey Ridge Farm ........... 65 Sans Souci .................. 66
Cattlemen's L.S. Market ........ 7 John Hunt ............... ... 60 Santa Fe River Ranch ........ 65 ease, parasites and insects. The use of
C&H Farm ................. 65 Hutson Land & Cattle ......... 56 S.G.B.I ........................ ..drugs in animal production has varC & T Cattle ................. 63 Ind. Florida Agrinet .......... 21 Select Sires ................ ...76
Cent. FL Brahma Breeders ...... 30 International Braford ........... 38 "Send Fresh Horses" ......... 60 ied from low levels of antibiotics in
Central Packing .............. 79 International Ranch ........... 32 Seven-Eleven ................ 29
Chambless Herefords ........... 62 Interstate Livestock Market.. .7, II Seven Lazy Eleven Beefmasters ..58 feed to injections and implants in the
Chandelle Ranch ............. 72 Ironwood .................. 31 Sharyn Ann Farms ............. 50 animal itself. Medicated feeds have
Chapco Hay Van ............ 60 Irvington Farms ............ 20 John Shepard & Son Limo ...... 71
Chapman and Collier ......... 30 lsa Cattle Co ................ 58 Simmons Limousin............. 71 been an extremely useful tool to the
Chapman, James C ......... 30, 60
Chipley L.S. Market ............ 7 Jabali Ranch ................. 82 Smithanimal industry in the prevention and
Chutes-Heldenbrand ......... 66 JMC Ranch ................... 58 S.E. Beefmasters ........a a i... 57
Circle 0 Limousin............70 Carl Johnson ............... 71 S.E. Brangus ................ 30 treatment of disease. Likewise, chemCircle R Ranch ................ 30 Jordan Beefmasters ........... 58 SE. Longhorn Assn. 66
Circle T .................... 65 Jowers Custom Ag ............. 22 Stack, G.T .................... 32 icals have been useful to control cerStage Coach Ranch ............ 50 tam ectoparasites.
Clark Properties ............. 50 K Bar Ranch ................ 66 Stalnaker Brothers ............. 27
Columbia Market ............... 7 Kabar Ranch ................ 32 Stardust Ranch ................ 22 In the development of the various
Corrigan Ranch .............. 72 Kissimmee Beefmaster Roundup .57 Stevens Angus Ranch .......... 22
Cow Palace Market ............ 7 Kissimmee L.S. Market .......... 7 Stockman Supply Co .......... 8
Cow Pen Ranch .............. 30 Lakeland Cash Feed ........... 16 Strong Post Structure .......... 61 manufacturers spend millions of dolCrescent J Ranch ........... 66, 75 Lake Oriole Ranch ............. 66 Stuart, J.K....... : ........... 34
Cutter Animal Health ....... 67, 77 Lawson Cattle Co .............. 13 W.H. Stuart Ranch ............ 33 lars conducting extensive field trials
Cypress Creek Ranch ......... 20 Life Services ................t 10 Sumter County Market ..........and tests to prove the efficacy and
D and K Ranch Service ......... 60 Little River ................... 64 Sunny Grove Brafords .......... 38
Dantzler Lumber .............. 56 Little Springs .................. 30 Sunset Ranch ................ 71 safety of the products and to deterDaughtry Brothers ............ 32 Long, Aaron ................ 20 Suwannee Point .............. 50
Debter Hereford ............. 64 Long Branch Angus .......... 20 Sweetwater Cattle Service ..... 34 mine how long it takes to eliminate
Dee River Brahman ........... 32 Lykes Agri-Sales ............. 50 T-Bar Ranch ................ 65 these products from the animal's
Diamond C Hereford .......... 64 Lykes Wood Prod. Div ....... 14 Paul Thomas ................ 71
Diamond H Ranch ........... 32 M & M Supply .............. 12 Thompson Brothers ........... 22 body (withdrawal time). The results
Dietrich Brothers ............. 51 MSD-Agvet .............. 42,43 Three Bar D Angus ........... 20 of these extensive trials and tests must
Dietrich, H. Fred ........... 50, 51 Madison Stockyards ........... 7 Three Ponds Ranch ........... 29
Dixie Plantation ............. 47 Magruder Farms ............... 50 Tilton, W.W .............. 32 be reviewed by various federal agenDouser Cattle Mugger .......... 6 Manna Pro ................. 15 Tindel Livestock Market .....approval given to
Donini Limousin ............. 71 Mathews Longhorns .......... 66 Triple G Limousin ............ 70 cies before is the
Donnell Sand ................ 10 McTyre Ranch ................ 49 Triple R Ranch .............. 22 manufacturer to market these various
Dry Creek ................... 56 Micheloni Properties .......... 20 Trojan L/S Equip ...pu......... 59
Duda, A. & Sons ............ 32 MillerCrest Farm .............. 72 Tucker Beefmasters ............ 59 products. When these products are
Dagger Tent ............... 66 Jim Minter Land Finish ........ 15 Tucker, G.A ................ 37 placed on the market, the manufacDurham Hereford ........... 64 Mo Brangus .................. 29 Turnbull Creek Beefmasters ..... 59
Eckman Ranch ............... 36 Monticello Stockyard, Inc ........ 7 U.S. Sugar Corp ............. 74 turer is required to supply explicit inEl Dorado Ranch ............. 64 MoorMan Mfg. Co .............. 9 the use of the
Enine Rd nus....... 7Valley Enterprises .............59 structions regarding teueo h
Enfinger Red Angus..........27 Nathe & Gude Texas Longhorns.66 Verde Wildlife Feeders ......... 12 and the time.
Farm Credit ............... 54, 55 NOBA...................... 27 Bill Voss ...................... ....product withdrawal DeFirst American Video .......... 50 North Fla. Farmers L/S Mkt. .7 Vyn-Ac ....................... 67 spite all these precautions, drug and
Flint Land/Cattle ............ 28 Northwest Florida L.S. Mkt po..b.m7
Flint River Mills .............. 5 Nutrena ............... 2, 52, 53 Walpole .................... 30 chemical residues, such as
Flrd"nu. ........2 WRJ Polled Herefords ......... 65 ce ia eiu rbe
Florida Angus ................. 20 Ocala L/S Market .............. 7 Whaley's Cresent 0 ........... 41 the presence of antibiotics in dealers,
Flu. Assoc. L.S. Mkts..........7 Okeechobee L/S Market ......... 7 Williams Bros ................. 34
Fla. Beef Council ............. 19 O'Rourke Sand Blasting ........ 60 Wes Williams .............. 72 sulfonamides in pork, arsenic in
F.B.C.I.A ................30 Osborne Cattle Services ......... 70 Wilson Equipment............It
Fl, Brahman Ass'n ........... 32 chicken livers, pesticide in meat and
Florida Fence Post ............ 8 E.L. (Geech) Partin ............ 32 Wilson, Pat ................... 65
loridaereor s ...... Partin & Partin ............ 35 Wise Seed Company .......... 81 meat products, occur. The wide use
Florida Hereford Ass'tt....64 .Q.............3
Florida Limousin Ass'n ...... 71 P.D.Q ....................... 65 Charles Yount ............... 58 of drugs in animal feed and the reFlorida Molasses Exchange ..34, 70 Peace Valley................63 Zipperer Beefmasters ........... 56 port of residues in meat and milk
products have generated unfavorable
publicity for the industries involved.
The recent report that certain species
of Salmonella are developing a drug
I resistance because of the presence of
80 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




low levels of antibiotics in the feed of slaughter. may have a serious effect on the use The primary goals of the FARAD of antibiotics in animal production. program are (1) to ensure that onlyS ED
Drug and chemical contamination those foods of animal origin that are is a management problem. Contami- free of residues reach marketing CALL
nation occurs when an animal is channel and (2) to support the retreated or fed a medicated or chemi- sponsible use of veterinary drugs inWI E S D
cal contaminated feed. In the dairy livestock by providing veterinariansW I E S D
herd, one of the greatest sources of with information on the disposition contamination is feeding milk from and fate of drugs in a variety of food COMPANY, INC. the pot-herd, which is usually heavi- animal species. The information ly contaminated with antibiotics, to available through FARAD can be (813) 635-4473
vealers or bob calves. When feeding used by your veterinarian to prevent this drug-contaminated milk, this residue-contaminated animals and Route 1, Box 7
milk must be considered a medication animal products from entering the Frostproof, Fla. 33843
and the withdrawal period, which human food supply. Available tar Spring Planting
would be the same as if the calf had
beenmedcatd direct, ust e fl- N'laa~e entSorghum Sudangrass Hybrid beenmedcate direct, mst b fo- M a age entGahi III Millet lowed. (Continued from page 69) Japanese Millet
Drug and chemical residue con- btencligdfcuyafsieBrowntop Millet
tamination can be caused by (1) over- btencligdfcuyafszeAeschynomene dosing or overtreating animals, (2) and pelvic area. Calves were divided Alyce Clover
medcaedfeesor(3)fed- into six groups by 10 pound incre- Hairyr Indigo
feeding meiae edo 3 ed et fbrhwih.Te bevdArgentine Bahia
ing drug or chemical contaminated met fbrhwih.Te bevdParaguayan Bahia
feds os ru-onamntinvi- no calving difficulty in heifers giving Pensacola Bahia
feedos oas rugcotaiton vipo- birth to calves under 50 pounds. AllBemd daiosu c ur as ao reulo the pro- heifers having pelvic areas less than ducersisrinor failing to folodhem nufc 150 square cm experienced calving '4iiR AVS RGA
turr' intrctinsorfaiin toidn- difficulty. They also observed that as 4S R peRVE y RO RA Mn tify treated animals and sending these MODerNe yonradsn
treated animals to slaughter before pelvic area increased the incidence of 4POESN n
theendofthewitdrwalperod calving difficulty decreased (Figures WaDRehus faOCitESNan
Dru reidute cothdaiatio caIi & 2). They concluded that it would Wrhuefclte
pgreent e y: miaio anb require about 20 square cm more of 4SEEDS-Our Only Business
beingedby pelvic area for each 10 pound in- (Registered, Licensed and Bonded)
1. Identifying all animals craeinbrhiegtnigecetds
treated.craeibitwegtifpretds
2. Reading and following the tocia remained fairly constant. in manufacturer's directions. The label addition, pelvic size was found to in- UNDECIDED?
and instructions must be read each crease in a linear fashion from breedtime a new package of the drug is ing to calving time at the rate of .5 opened. Changes in the dosage and! cm' daily. Knowing this, one can cal- YS
or withdrawal time can occur. culate, at any time from breeding age ------- c rt
3. Keeping records of drugs and upV h prxmt niiulpl
animals treated. Record drug's name, vic area at the time of calving.ye
lot nmberwithrawalperio and Predicting dystocia in cattle is very
treatment dates. difficult. Though calf birth weight af4. Not overdosing or ovrraig fects dystocia more than any single
animals. ovrraig factor, one must keep in mind that
5. Not sending treated animals to a large birth weight is not all bad. slaughter until the withdrawal peni- Birth weights are positively correlatod has ended. Treated animals that ed to future weights, such as weanleave the premises before the with- ing and yearling weights. drawal period has ended may have Summary Advertising Aids
violation levels of the drug at the time The "tools" presented in this Your Personal
of slaughter, paper are vastly under utilized by S ls a s i
BY following these simple rules, drug commercial cattlemen. In fact, only S ls a s i
residue problems may be avoided, a handful of aggressive purebred catRecently, a Food Animal Residue tle producers have and/or use these For full details call: Avoidance Data Bank (FARAD), has types of data. However, as more
been established. This data bank, commercial cattlemen insist upon e
with information offices in Gaines- needing these data in their selection 0j~ 'l~ d
ville, Urbana, Illinois and Davis, of bulls, purebred cattle breeders will W 0 i lf
California, is a computer-based sys- be forced to provide them if they ex- 't eU E I
temt designed to provide livestock pect to remain in business. Commer- ''A DLVSOKJRN
Producers, livestock extension spe- cial cattlemen should demand andANLIETCJORL cialists and veterinarians with prac- receive accurate, complete, readable P.O. Box 1403 tical information on drugs, pesticides and reliable production data from Kissimmee, FL 32741 and environmental contaminants that seed stock producers. Time is fast 305/846-2800 have the greatest potential for being running out on bulls with no known 800/432-9192 Present in animal tissues at the time production backgrounds. s
THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 81




The program will work, if we let it
The following editorial article was written by Richard L. Spader, executive vice Ja president of the American Angus Association, St. Joseph, Missouri. His com,.bal 1 gnments are timely and on target.
RED BRANGU The attitude many cattle people have about the beef checkoff program could
endanger our entire industry. For example, in a recent issue of a national cattle magazine were four letters to the editor-one supported the program and three expressed dissatisfaction in one form or another. This seems to be about the averA commercial cow/calf age ratio, for and against the program, that appears in the letters column of many
producer needs to cross publications.
breed for hybrid vigor. if we keep this up, we could well talk ourselves right out of approving the checkoff program next year. And failure to approve it will dash most of the hopes He needs the benefits of for bringing the U.S. beef industry into the 20th century before we are consome Brahman influence fronted with demands of the 21st century a few years from now.
to cope with the Too many cattle producers sit around and carp about the beef checkoff and
environment. Most want promotion programs. They fuss about the cost of hiring spokespersons, they
are put off by the tone of the ads, or they just resent the $1 per head deduction to produce their own for advertising and promotion. Maybe Garner is over the hill, or Cybill could
replacement heifers for have buttoned one more button on her blouse. But these are not the problems.
assured quality and to The problem seems to be that these cattle producers and others like them
reduce the chance of really don't believe (in the face of all evidence to the contrary) that the beef indiseases. But, the market dustry has a problem. If they did, their attitude would be much different. Most
of us, if were as sick as consumer beef demand has been, would search out discounts for too much the best doctor we could find. We wouldn't worry about how he looked, or
hump and too much ear. if his wife is nice. We wouldn't care whether he drives a Lincoln or a Lynx.
W ynot consider a All we would want to know is how good he is at doing his job. We would deWhyina rs bedn mand results, not complain about how he achieves them. But many checkoff
rotaionl coss reeing program critics don't apply this formula to our suffering beef industry.
program using the polled, Instead, what do we get? One lady wrote to the magazine editor that her
gentle, inter se Red "beef-fed" daughter would work for a lot less money then Cybill Shepherd.
Brangus from Jabali'? "No wonder we farmers are broke," she said. Don't bother her with the fact that farmers were going broke long before the checkoff, and that saving $1 a head on all cattle they sell would have no measurable effect on their ability to pay off their debts. I won't pass judgement on her "beef-fed" daughter's ability to sell more beef than Shepherd.
Another letter writer complained that we should have a sports figure or a country singer, or both, pushing beef. Movie stars do get into trouble now and then, but spare us from sports figures or country singers. A third self-appointed critic groused that he, and other cattlemen he has talked with, "have not been impressed" with the TV ads. His conclusion is ...it will be very difficult to ensure the passage of the referendum." Well, he is right about that, if nothing else.
As far as I could tell, none of these people claimed to be experts in advertising or public relations. They are about as well qualified to evaluate an advertising program as Cybill is qualified to evaluate their cattle management program. They just don't like what they see-a bit like picking their doctor based on his office decor rather than upon his intelligence and ability.
None of the complaining letter writers mentioned, for example, that the advertising agency in charge of the beef advertising campaign is ranked among the best in the nation. The critics did not seem to know or care that studies done since the campaign started indicate that consumers remember the ads, like the message and get hungry for beef when they hear or see them. Edwin A. Thompson Even more important, the shallow criticism ignores the fact that attitudes
'I about beef are already changing. We are a long way from pushing beef deOFFICE:mand back to what it was in the 1970's, but finally we appear to be headed P.O. Box 1017 in the right direction. And much of this change has been fostered by programs
Bartow, Florida 33830 funded by the checkoff. Cut off the flow of money and we'll cut off these
813-533-8313 programs.
So the next time someone tells you that they don't like Cybill or James, or RANCH:that we are paying them too much money, or that the program doesn't work, RANCH:or that cattle producers just can't afford to invest $1 per animal sold to suPOna, Florida port advertising and promotion-give them the facts.
813-735-0958 We must determine in a vote next year how we will conduct our beef business in the 21st century. In the meantime we can't afford to be held back by those cattle people who still operate with a 19th Century mentality.
82 / THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987




"I COULDN'T GET MY CATTLE
TO EAT ANY OTHER MINERAL."
V~ W
Rocking F Ranch manager Bill Waggener and P.D.Q.'s Jim Pruett
"I've noticed improvements in breed back, calf crop and weight gain."
Bill Waggener, manager of Rex Farrior's Rocking F Ranch near Ocala is a true believer in RD.Q.
Before changing over to P.D.Q. approximately eighteen months ago, Waggener encountered problems in getting his herd to eat the mineral supplement he was feeding. "They simply wouldn't eat the stuff," Waggener said. "That's when I went to P.D.Q. And now that my cattle are getting the minerals they need, I've noticed improvements in breed back, calf crop and weight gain. Bill Waggener realizes these are important factors to consider in operating
the Rocking F. Recently chosen as Range Man of the Year, Waggener also comrnmented,"Another reason I like P.D.Q. is the people are so helpful. They're Daily willing to help if I have any questions or problems." Essentials
Put RD.Q. to work for you. You and your cattle will know the difference.
P.O. Box 116, Lakeland, FL 33802
Telephone: (813) 682-6144
Member, Florida Cattlemen's Association
BECAUSE GRASS ALONE IS NOT ENOUGHTM
e i19n P-D.. Company




Are you shipping your profits at weaning time out west? If so, keep your calves at home. Carry them through the winter and on to the spring grass. Put on economical weight gains and keep your profits at home. Feed Suga-Lik 612 with LTM/Fat.
Call (813) 983-7946
or 1-800-282-4418
A product of U.S. Sugar Corporation or your nearest distributor.




Full Text

PAGE 1

_N1 vaimoSiH vio in JO A-MVi~I 39NDA N d 8siw fl1iTN3 00008I-ITTI9ZE

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Cows that cost you money SIINN) She doesn't want to cost you money. And she's not a poor eater. Minnie just doesn't get the nutrients from florida pasture that will put weight on her-and profits in your pockets. RX: Nutrena IVG ) PASTURE PLUST" with LTMT" Now you can improve the condition of all your cows, and rid your herd of Skinny Minnies. Nutrena PASTURE PLUST" minerals supply everything a cow needs except grass and water. S oo This highly palatable, complete mineral supplement with ITM T1" contains self-limiting factors for ,f controlled consumption. C) 0 PASTURE PLUS minerals are available to fit different protein requirements and pasture conditions. It's the finest mineral supplement available today. We've got the right prescription for your feeding requirements. 4014 40th Street, Tampa, Florida 33601 (813) 626-5171

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FLORIDA CATTLEMEN'S ASSOCIATION P.O. Box 1929, Ph: 305/846-6221, Kissimmee FL 32742-1929 Rogers Childs Clay Baldwin Tucker Genho Market News-305/629-5887 Thefts1-800/342-5869 Governmental Affairs 904/224-7500 President Arky E. Rogers, Lake City Phone 904/752-2103 President-Elect Dan B. Childs, Lake Placid Phone 813/465-3628 vice Presidents Tommy Clay, Jr., Grandin Andy Tucker, Rockledge Secretary Leroy Baldwin, Ocala Treasurer Paul Genho, Melbourne Executive Vice President Bob Price, Kissimmee Ex. Director, Fla. Beef Council Polly Golden, Winter Park Governmental Affairs Director Patrick M. McCaffrey, Tallahassee Past Presidents G. H. Prather (Deceased) P. E. Williams (Deceased) Dave Turner (Deceased) Irlo Bronson (Deceased) c. S. Radebaugh (Deceased) Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., Frostproof Jay B. Starkey, St. Petersburg B. J. Alderman (Deceased) J. 0. Pearce, Jr., Okeechobee Alto Adams, Jr., Fort Pierce Louis Gilbreath, Ocala George Kempfer (Deceased) Ralph cellon, Sr., Alachua W. D. Roberts, Immokalee Latimer H. Turner, Sarasota charles Lykes, Tampa R. D. Bennett, Greenwood Thomas J. Sloan, Fort Pierce Pat Wilson, Frostproof Gilbert A. Tucker, Cocoa cedrick M. Smith, Jr., Wacahoota Henry Douglas, Zephyrhills Harvey A. Dahl, Melbourne W. G. Welles, Arcadia E. D. Neel, Chipley Ralph W. Cellon, Jr., Alachua Al Bellotto, Lakeland Joe Marlin Hilliard, Clewiston Derrill S. McAteer, Brooksville State Directors Ralph W. cellon, Jr., Alachua Max Fleming, Bay Maurice Edwards, Bradford Billy Kempfer, Brevard Gerald Cayson, Calhoun Bayard Toussaint, Charlotte Larry Rooks, Citrus S. D. Saunders, Clay R. A. Roberts, Collier Lloyd Ryals, DeSoto John 0. Osteen, Dixie Joe Forshee, Jr., Duval Alfred R. Tucker, Sr., Flagler Bob Bond, Gilchrist Billy Peeples, Glades Haywood Borders, Gulf Wayne Godwin, Hardee Gene Felton, Hendry Jim Batten, Hernando Edgar Stokes, Highlands Angelo Massaro, Hillsborough J. Pat Corrigan, Indian River clyde Crutchfield, Jackson Donald Bronson, Lake Harry Flint, Lee James Fogarty, Leon Charles Hardee, Levy 0. B. Shuler, Liberty George Townsend, Madison Jim Strickland, Manatee Leroy Baldwin, Marion Jim Cowen, Martin Gil Quarrier, Nassau Earl P. Cooper, Northwest Marion Tidwell, Northwest Howard Crowson, Okaloosa Joe Pearce, Okeechobee Joe Walter, Orange charlie Bronson, Osceola Robert Stokes, Palm Beach Larry Barthle, Pasco Harris Fussell, Polk W. W. Tilton, Jr., Putnam Richard Pacetti, St. Johns Charlie Hamner, St. Lucie Harvey Benschoter, Sarasota Wayne Jacobs, Seminole C. Aubrey Caruthers, Sumter Rudy Parker, Taylor Ray Crawford, Union Elmer McDonald, volusia Jerry Spears, Wakulla David Faist, Walton Billy Gilbert, Washington-Holmes Report from FCA headquarters: THE 1987 FCA CONVENTION will be history by the time readers receive this issue. It was held June 1719 at a familiar place-Marriott's Marco Island Resort. Featured activities at the convention included a panel discussion on the beef checkoff program. Discussion leaders were Al Bellotto, Lakeland, Chairman of the Florida Beef Council; Jo Ann Smith, Micanopy, chairman of the Cattlemen's Beef Board; and Pat Adrian, chairman of the Beef Industry Council. Reports indicate that the checkoff program continues to run smoothly, and the promotion that it's funding continues to enhance the demand for beef. THE BRUCELLOSIS ERADICATION program received another boost recently when Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner visited with cattle producers in Polk and DeSoto Counties. Conner attended meetings held by the Florida Brucellosis Information Committee, coordinated by Dr. Ed Richey of the University of Florida and the Florida Cooperative Extension Service. There were no new developments, but Conner emphasized that several states (23 at last report) are planning to restrict the movement of cattle from any state with a "C" area. Florida is one of two remaining states that fit the classification. A concentrated effort is being made in Florida's southern counties to reduce the herd infection rate so that Florida can move ahead with the program as quickly as possible. AND, SPEAKING OF BRUCELLOSIS, Dr. Richey has another in a series of articles dealing with the disease in this issue. This month's article is about "The veterinarian and the health certificate." Veterinarians have a huge responsibility when it comes to authorizing the movement of livestock. The article appears on page 34. THE POLK COUNTY CATTLEMEN'S Association has scheduled its annual calf sale. The event will be held on Tuesday, August 11, at Cattlemen's Livestock Market, Lakeland. That's a regular sale day and the auction begins at noon. Association president John Carter says that all classes of cattle are welcome at the event. The Polk sale is one of two association sponsored special sales held in Florida. Hillsborough/Pasco County Cattlemen's Association Special Sale was held in June at Interstate Livestock Market, Seffner. THlE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 3

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69~ I Rolliin, 1ll 1 csi Sale 7 -I National .ir. Angt, Stow 17 Sylet I latitrien sriageiS Sale 19-23-.tlier Bieeiimaer C1,nveitii 24 25 -a. tmineitn Field Day At'GUsI 7-8-I.d-Atlantic Jr. Htee 7r Day I I P lk Call Sale ..... 12 1 t Fa. itlon molo ical Sociei 15i Saa GIit erdil uipminder ae 2s Ali 'ill Sale Mar 29 a %11Poed SG Sale .. Sege, Red Aei 'E)al 5S olither I lairet SG Sale 5-7i abo Day Rodeo ... 7 Winder Simhith' Anu, Sale 0ll-1 -FCA Diectors Meetin 17 -Nt hwed Georgia AlgtuN Sale I9 Seetiteacleric tel nader Saee 21 Hee Simbra h Sale ... 0(CTOBER 2-CaieFRage Seled ale I t ile, tOak, St SBill Sal .e. 1 712 1 i. ,a )Iee al u tte, Si ii-etal Site 7 ( rele r, SAiue 171 icuu, Ieelr,asle Stile. 17 [-ce\e t simeta Sale I I ;eiria A uS ChIsic 2~ ~ ~~ ~N t'iii i i rie S 1,ie -o l e aim, Atut Sale 5 -lererord P~en Bull Sale (cutlia Si,'dtiee Site 7 tickire T hlitIetet Sale I I eAam Rand. iueh ard Sl e. 1.1i-i tti ut er, Bal Stii .i.il. t 1IS> ,, Siut Initicir hull Sit s e l 1-se( y an aReed' It,,] Sale .. 20Ho1 t ida Bra r A .Sale t Site 2021 Pila ice Stel tnitet, Sile I I i I tihecltor, NttI te .1 4 ( ee,ta I ilteid l l si Stile. 5 Seali \it iieeit Butit Sale it Na el, Stoie, t -1t .Stile ., kid:a al t t sale 12-Arkan-a, feefmaqcer Sale 12 lii Sic. ot Bleeds lul Sle Bull Sale. i twn lieemter l ie d Da MLt Berry, GA edianap lie, IN .kerrrille, T C'ovington, GA Arheville, NC ..Lakeland Dvyon It each 0iange i Cit I Ilite. AR tHance ilie, At.).keechobee .\ eadley, GA .Davlona Beach Calhoun, GA 5Woodille, IS ..........O na SNash, ilie. Sit iaktilli, GiA CionGA I I i 'itN~er, Woodille. NIS i Brlook, GA litrtoli 'imeitIon, TNS N ead, it. Aerc e Seah, ix Kissimnlne .0 riteit, t i ttle Rock, AR ilomer, A l alhoun, GA 1 on My",e Service Issues of The Florida Cattleman January .American Breeds February .Horses and Rodeo March .Brahmans April .Performance May .Animal Health June .Florida Pastures July .Better Bulls August .M arketing September .Continental Breeds October ...H&P Herefords November ..Angus December .Santa Gertrudis 4 THE FLORIDA CATI LEIAN /JUL 1987 JULY 1987 VOL. 51, NO. 10 AN Loda AND LIVESTOCK JOURNAL Editor-Donald E. Berry, Director of Field Services-Charles D. Edwards, Advertising Coordinator-LouAnne Allen, Circu/ation-Helen Lyon. Write Box 1403, Kissimmee, Florida 32742-1403. Phone (Area 305) 846-2800. Florida Toll Free 1-800-432-9192. An Award Winning Publication at State & International Levels Owned and Published by the Florida Cattlemen's Association 71"111 7K9e. Regular Departments FCA Reports .3 C alendar .4 Editor's Desk ..6 Latest Statistics .6 Now It's History .16 The Grazer .17 President's By-Lines .26 Livestock Roundup .48 Report from Tallahassee ....58 Lab Notes-Rubin.80 E ditorials .82 Breed News ... Certified Angus Beef Expands .20 Brahman Symposium Set .30 Junior Brahman Show Planned .32 Santa Gertrudis Congress Announced .44 Polled Hereford Leaders Named .65 Dairy Feature ... Fiber Terminology-Harris .76 General News Screwworms Threaten Again .28 Property Ruling Gets Praise .38 Conner Calls For Cooperation .40 Short Course Draws Crowd.46 Top Cows Recognized .64 John Boy Retires .67 Special Features ... Planning Helps Promotion .22 Blackleg Diseases-Richey .24 Brucellosis and Shipping .34 Adapted Cattle-Smart .54 Management Tools-Pritchard .68 Sales Require Planning .70 Selecting Bulls-Sand .74 Shows and Sales ... Junior Gert Sale Held .50 SEBBA Has Top Sale .56 Polk Winners Reported .61 The Cover for July 1987 Kids and gentle show cattle make a good combination at River Divide Ranch, Bryceville. Catherine Bush, youngest daughter of Dean and Melody Bush, is shown here with a young Polled Hereford bull produced at the north Florida ranch. Dean Bush is manager. O F F I C I A L P U B L I C A T I O N Florida Cattlemen's Association, Arky Rogers, President, Lake City Florida Brahman Associ action, A.E. Whaley, President, Kissimmee Ga.-Fla. Charolais Association, Fred Collins, President, Whigham, Georgia o Florida Angus Association, Tommy Lee, President, Hilliard I Florida Santa Gertrudis Association, John McTyre, President, Live Oak 0 Florida Hereford Association, Sarah Childs, President, Lake Placid o Florida Meat Packers Association, Jim Coty, Tampa, President o Florida Beef Council, Al Bellotto, Lakeland; Chairman 0 Florida Cutting Horse ASsociation, R.D. Welles, President, Arcadia o Florida Association of livestock Markets, John Willis, President, Lake City Florida Simmental Association, Ted Bass, President, Okeechobee Association of Florida Rodeos, Ham Brown, President, Kissimmee o Florida Polled Hereford Association, Pete Bailes, President, Fort Pierce Florida Limousin Association, Carl Johnson, President, Brandon. The Florida Cattleman and Livestock Journal (ISSN 0015-3958); is published monthly for $10.00 for 1 year at Cody Publications, Inc., 410 West Verona Street, Kissimmee, Florida 27-403. Second Class Postage paid at Kissimmee, Florida 32742-1403. Postmaster: Send address changes to The Florida Cattleman and Livestock Journal, P.O. Box 1403, Kissimmee, Florida 32742-1403. Rate Card mailed on request. Closing date 5th of preceding month. In circulation 25th of preceding month. Member Agricultural Publishers Association, American Agricultural Editor's Association, Florida Magazine Association, Livestock Publications Council, Audit Bureau of Circulation. LIVESTOCK PUBLICATIONS COUNCIL

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owRw THE FEE S INCE 1934 F-R-M Feeds have farmers all over the Southeastern United States meet the nutritional needs of their livestock & poultry. F-R-M has developed feed and mineral products and feeding programs for poultry, swine, beef, dairy cows, horses, rabbits, cats, dogs, goats, game birds, fish and even crickets and worms. Research, field tests and custom D THEY NEED helped proval are all integral parts of our continuing F er apefforts to maximize production and minimize expense in your livestock and poultry operations. Quite simply, F-R-M strives to produce a quality product at economical costs and gives you the service you deserve. When it comes to nutrition for your livestock and poultry look to F-R-M for "the feed they need." See your local F-R-M dealer today F L I N T R I V E R M I L L S, Bainbridge, Georgia I n c THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 5

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"The Mugger" Randy's Cattle Mugger Doner's Machine Shop 204 SE 10th Ave. Okeechobee, FL 33474 Telephone: 813/763-3417 Evenings: 813/763-7530 Haile-Dean Seed Co. A division of Diamond R. Fertilizer Co., Inc. Telephone 1-800-423-SEED (7333) or 1-305-877-3333 Call us for your Summer and Fall seeding needs Located at 501 N. Hennis Rd. P.O. Box 1458 Winter Garden, FL 32787 |Sc i Ve4 Letters ... An old friend sends compliments Dear Editor: Land O'Lakes Congratulations to you for such a wonderful magazine. When I was in the Angus business for some 20 years, it was one of the main publications as far as I was concerned. I have noticed the last six months how much improvement has been made in the overall as well as detail of your publication. I do not know who should get credit for this, but would appreciate you seeing they receive compliments from the Derisos. Mrs. Deriso and I remember the most pleasant time when we were in the Angus business. As you know, she was the founder of the CowBelles and did a wonderful job. Just ask the old cattle people. You will find enclosed copy of letter written to your president, Arky Rogers, whom I have known all his life. It was our pleasure to sell him the first Angus cattle that started his herd. The article pertaining to what he is doing and has done is well deserved. I have known the Rogers family from the beginning and am proud to call them friends ... The very best to your magazine and the dedicated cattlemen. Bob F. Deriso THESE VETERAN scholars are well known to Florida cattlemen. For many years they have helped to better the beef industry through research. From left are F.M. Peacock, retired geneticist of the Ona research station, Marvin Koger, retired professor of beef cattle genetics at the University of Florida, and Cal Burns, retired director of the Brooksville beef cattle research station. Bob Deriso is a past president of Florida Angus Association. He and his wife spent inany years promoting the breed, and promoting FCA. 'I like chicken, but serve me beef' Dear Dr. Black: Lakeland As a representative of an industry that often gets far more negative press than it deserves, I appreciated your article in the June issue of Florida Cattleman. Good article, good attitude and good advice. 4atesa 5t6W Slaughter Under State Inspection, Head (AITC) ... May 1987 May 1986 Brucellosis Testing (AITC) Beef Cattle, May 1987 Dairy Cattle, May 1987 Swine, May 1987 Cattle 2,510 2,702 Tested 102,467 18,600 201 Livestock Prices Per Hundred (USDA) ... Fla., Apr. 1987 Fla., May 1987 U.S., Apr. 1987 U.S., May 1987 Cows 43.10 42.40 43.30 43.50 Strs, Hfrs. 60.30 68.40 66.60 69.20 Calves 33 36 Reactors 538 73 0 Calves 76.30 81.10 75.10 77.60 Swine 4,815 5,512 Vaccinated C es Adults 26,085 18,490 5,402 1,181 Swine 49.60 51.60 50.80 54.30 Chickens 27.00 29.00 29.60 30.00 Field Crop Prices Per Bushel and Ton (USDA) U.S., May 1986 U.S., May 1987 Corn (Bushel) $2.39 1.70 Hay, Baled (Ton) $70.30 73.30 6 TH1E Fl ORIDA CATTLEMAN JULY 1987 IF -T

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immediate Payment! When the auctioneer at your local livestock auction market slams his gavel and closes the sale of your stock, your check is guaranteed good by the marketman. Bidding is open and public at your local auction market. You can see what's going on at all times. There are no "deals" with the auctioneer to hold the price down because he's working for top dollar-working for you! No "deals" between buyers to hold the price down. It wouldn't do them any good-you don't have to sell! Your market operator plays it straight-it's a matter of pride and reputation. Try him and see for yourself. The Auction Market Way is the Best Way! CONTACT ANY OF THESE MARKETS, ALL MEMBERS Arcadia State Livestock Market* Hardee Livestock Market, Inc. Auctions every Wednesday Auctions every Monday Kay L. Kelly, Mgr. Robert Ray Smith, manager Ph. 813/494-3737, 1808, 3250 Phones 813/773-9747, 9560 ARCADIA, 33821 WAUCHULA, 33873 Cattlemen's Livestock Markets* Monday e Sales -Tuesday Bill Hamilton, manager Tampa 813/626-5164 Lakeland 813/665-5088 TAMPA, 33609 and LAKELAND, 33802 Chipley Livestock Company* Auctions every Tuesday E. D. (Buddy) Neel, owner/manager Ph. 904/638-0267, 4498 CHIPLEY, 32428 Columbia Livestock Market* Hog auctions every Monday Cattle auctions every Thursday John D. Willis, manager Ph. 904/755-2300 LAKE CITY, 32055 Cow Palace* Sale every Saturday Robert L. Walker, Wayne Bass, managers Ph. 813/858-6253 LAKELAND, 33802 Gainesville Livestock Market, Inc.Cattle auctions every Monday Manager L. H. (Tommy) Thompson, Jr. Ph. 904/372-3442 GAINESVILLE, 32602 Interstate Livestock Market* Auctions every Tuesday Barbara Key, manager Ph. 813-689-2424 SEFFNER, 33584 Kissimmee Livestock Market Auctions every Wednesday Dan Haggard, manager Ph. 305/847-3521 KISSIMMEE, 32741 Madison Livestock Market, Inc.* Hogs-Monday; Cattle-Tuesday G. Alvin Townsend, Manager 904/973-4094, 929-4605 MADISON, 32340 Monticello Stockyard, Inc. Ph. 904/997-5711 J.N. Tuten MONTICELLO, 32344 OF THE STATE ASSOCIATION No. Fla. Farmers US Market* Cattle, hog auction every Wednesday special stocker cow sale 4th Saturday each month T.W. Waldrop, owner Ph. 904/755-3576 LAKE CITY, 32055 Northwest Florida Livestock Market' Sale every Thursday James Hamilton, manager Ph. 904/482-2229, 8684 MARIANNA, 32446 Ocala Livestock Market* Hog auction every Tuesday Cattle auction every Wednesday Gene Babbit, owner/gen. manager Ph: 904/732-4454 OCALA, 32674 Okeechobee Livestock Market Auctions every Monday & Tuesday Pete Clemons, manager Ph. 813/763-3127 OKEECHOBEE, 33472 Sumter County Farmers Market* Auctions every Tuesday Marvin Fussell, manager Ph. 904/793-2021, 3551 WEBSTER, 33597 Tindel Livestock Market* Auctions every Monday Clyde Crutchfield, owner/manager Ph. 904/263-3224 GRACEVILLE, 32440 *-Indicates Subscriber to Livestock Marketing Association For Further Information about Florida Livestock Auction Markets, Contact 9110'diffASSOCIATION OF LIVESTOCK MARKETS P.O. Box 1403, Kissimmee, FL 32741 THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 7

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Established 1946 FloriAc Fa*e Poet Co., Ivt. We offer you a full line for all your fencing needs! Line Posts Heavy Barbed Wire Corner Posts Gaucho Wire Cow Pen Poles Lasso Wire Barn Poles Field Fence Fencing Lumber Stock Panels Cow Pen Lumber Gal. Gates Split Posts Steel Gates Fence Stays CCA or Creosote 25 year Warranty "The Post Preferred By Florida Cattleman" Ffri& Fm NaP P.O. BOX 645 PHONE 813-735-1361 ONA, FLORIDA 33865 Quality Athens Brands Gainesville Stockman Supply 5719 NW 13th Street Albany Gainesville, FL 32601 904/372-8916 Gainesville Stockman Supply Co. Hwy. 27 South, 3 miles .n (Agri-Civic Center) *SNCE 1959 Sebring Sebring, FL 33870 Powder River 813/382-2526 OUTSTANDING agricultural journalism student for 1987 is Anita Jo Geddes. And while I like chicken, serve me up a big old filet (of beef, of course) any day of the week. Elin Oak Florida Phosphate Council The article referred to was titled "Chicken Wreck" by Baxter Black in the June 1987 issue. People Livestock publishing group picks student winner Livestock Publications Council has picked Anita Jo Geddes of the University of Missouri/Columbia as its 1987 student award winner. Geddes is a junior in agricultural journalism. As part of the honors for being selected, Geddes will attend LTC's annual meeting on July 29-31 at Denver, Colorado. There she will attend workshops, seminars and critiques pertinent to this specialized publishing field. She will also mix with edi tors, advertising managers, production managers and circulation personnel associated with livestock publications from all over the country. Geddes has held leadership roles in the American-International and Missouri Junior Charolais Associations, Missouri Cattlemen's Association, Agricultural Communicators of Tomorrow, Alpha Zeta, Block and Bridle, Collegiate Farm Bureau, and Future Farmers of America. She is a 8 TIE FLORIDA CATrL EMAN JULY 1987

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GET MORE FROM GRAZING To keep weaning weights and daily gain high, your summer forage probably needs supplemental minerals. A M J J A S 0 N D J F M Essential mineral content of roughages declines through summer: availability varies. Did you know that the mineral content of roughages peaks in April/ May, then starts to decline through the summer? And the availability of those minerals to cattle varies, too. Naturally occurring phosphorous, a mineral that's especially important for cows during lactation, may not be totally available. But a proper balance of minerals is essential if your cattle are to get maximum nutrition from their forage, even in summer. Minerals "feed" microorganisms in the rumen which break roughage down into nutrients the animal can use. Nutrients that help cows milk well without losing a lot of weight, and help yearling cattle put on more gain. Supply only what you need The first step is to choose an individual mineral program that properly balances the nutrients in your forage. Your MoorMan Representative can help. If you have a phosphorous deficiency, he may suggest feeding Hi-Phos Minerals. Or, in many situ,,1 mir lz ,l Range Minerals supply the highly available minerals needed to increase forage digestability. Each product is formulated for predictable consumption, and Special Range Minerals is available in blocks. So unnecessary intake or weather losses are minimized. AU Minerals fight anaplasmosis In certain areas, anaplasmosis can become a problem and rapidly reduce productivity. MoorMan's AU Minerals contains Aureomycinf which aids in the prevention of anaplasmosis when fed at recommended rates. Another benefit of Aureomycin is heavier, healthier calves at weaning. MoorMan's Mineral Products. They provide only what you need, when you need it, so you get more from grazing. AU Minerals aids in prevention of anaplasmosis where necessary. Aureonnyci isa registered trademark of America Cyanaomid Co. ,M an Mfg Co ecyIiflis The efficiency experts of animal agriculture MoorMan's Minerals balance the nutrients in your forage. ii

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\ This much RALGR dmoo gives 25 more pounds at weaning Implant with RALGRO when you handle your calves for a bigger, stronger, "good doin' calf" at weaning. Regardless of herd size, RALGRO's additional 25 (or more!) pounds could easily mean the difference between profit and loss. Same land, same feed or forage, same labor ...RALGRO makes the big difference. RALGRO is easy to use. It is the only growth-promoting implant you can use with any size calf. Reimplant every 100 days for even greater gains. RALGRO is essential to good cattle management. LIFE SERVICES, INC. 1800 E. North Park Street [1 Okeechobee, Florida 33472 SEFFNER OCALA JACKSONVILLE OKEECHOBEE AND JONESVILLE SEED & FEED, GAINESVILLE 10 THIE FlORIDA CATITLEMAN / JULY 1987 FOR SALE Tifton 44 and Registered Tifton 78 Sprigs We will plant or load your trailer Tifton 44 and Peanut Hay Simbrah Bulls Service Age W.M. & M.W. Donnell Sand Co. & Farms Bellwood, AL 36313 Anytime Night 205/588-2716 or 347-5543 past Miss Charolais USA, and currently reigns as Missouri Cattlemen's Association queen. She was selected as intern and representative for UMC's College of Agriculture, is a member of the meats and horse judging teams, and is on the dean's list. After receiving her degree in agricultural journalism, she plans to seek a position with a livestock publication. Kaplan Industries reports increased earnings Kaplan Industries, Inc., Bartow, has announced earning results for the first quarter of 1987, and announced the effectiveness of a l-for-4 reverse stock split which was approved by the company's shareholders at the annual meeting on May 14. Revenues for the first quarter rose to $18,874,000 from $15,336,000 in the year-ago period, an increase of 23 percent. Net earnings for the quarter were $42,000 or $.01 per share (prestock split) compared to net earnings of $19,000 or $.00 per share for the same period a year ago. That's an improvement of 121 percent. Donald D. Kaplan, chairman and president, stated that the company's continuing improvement in revenues and profits results from increased availability of livestock locally and a rising market for beef nationally. He also said that he expects the company's 1987 net income to exceed last year's level. Kaplan said he believes the increased per share price of the company's stock caused by the reverse stock split will improve the stock's marketability. Kaplan Industries is a vertically integrated producer of beef and veal and operates Florida's larges feedlot and packinghouse. Veterinarians sue the FDA The American Food Animal Veterinary Medical Association and over 30 veterinarians have sued the Food and Drug Administration, charging that the agency's Extra-label Drug Use Policy has unlawfully usurped the practice of veterinary medicine. The contested FDA policy declares the FDA will consider regulatory action, which includes criminal prosecution, of any veterinarian who treats a food-producing animal with any medicine that is not FDA-approved for the animal. The veterinarians declare that the policy will make it impossible to treat food producing animals properly because FDAapproved drugs and FDA-approved

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dosages are frequently ineffective for many diseases. Furthermore, there are many diseases for which FDA has never approved any drug, the veterinarians say. A representative of the American Food Animal Veterinary Medical Association said: "FDA's policy, if it is obeyed, will cause a disaster. If we cannot treat cattle, dairy herds, and swine properly, the nation's food supply will be destroyed, and the economy of the farm states ruined. FDA says its concern is residues. The threat of residues comes from FDA and the manufacturers who make subtherapeutic doses of drugs available to people who have no real training to diagnose disease or to use medicines. Eliminating the ability of the veterinarian to practice his profession will not help at all. "The states license veterinarians to diagnose and to administer medicines for animal disease, and the profession is carefully regulated by the states and by peer review. There is no need for FDA to try to regulate the practice, and certainly there is no need for a federal regulator to try to control the prescribing judgements of veterinarians." The lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Western District of Louisiana. Thompson Cattle Marketing moves back to Texas Thompson Cattle Marketing, Inc., of Pavo, Georgia, owned by Fred Thompson, moved back to Texas in June. The marketing firm will now be located at 12011 Heubner Road, Suite 120, San Antonio, Texas 78230. The firm moved to Georgia from San Antonio a few years ago. Thompson has been involved with the management of major breed sales in Florida for a number of years. Most recent clients include the Annual Adams Ranch Braford Sale, Fort Pierce, and the David Brown Beefmaster Sale, Fort Myers. Water Buffalo association formed A new organization called the American Water Buffalo Association has been formed and has published the first edition of the Water Buffalo Newsletter. The organization is headquartered at the Center for Tropical Agriculture, University of Florida, 3018 McCarty Hall, Gainesville 32611. Membership dues are $15 per year. The University of Florida has been the site for most of the Water Buffalo research in the U.S., including the Dooms Day to Weeds V .+ IA Why mow those undesirables, when you can eliminate smutt grass, bull grass, guinea grass, dog fennel, coffee weed, pig weed, thistles, vines, briars and others for a fraction of the cost of one mowing. without the danger of any damage to your desirable grasses and crops? Our herbicide applicators are constructed from 3/4 ton truck axles, sch. 40 steel pipe and other heavy structural members. Carpet and burlap covered roller applicator, constructed with sch. 40 stainless steel supply axle pipe, Sch. 40 P.V.C. pipe and chain driven with #50 roller chain. All units are built to withstand any terrain at any workable speed and are unconditionally guaranteed. They are "Mack truck TUFF." Adjust herbicide flow, according to speed and density of vegetation by one micro gate valve. Roller applicator adjustable from ground to 20 ht. kills only what it touches. If properly operated, there is no reason to lose one drop of liquid. We build many different concepts and sizes, for pastures, groves and ditches. We will custom build a machine to suit your needs. ATTENTION FARMERS: We will design and build you a workable wiper boom for row crops, melons, etc. Wilson Equipment Service P.O. Box 25 Lutz, Fla. 33549 Hwy. 54 1 mi. West Hwy. 41 813-949-5579 Bill D. Wilson, Owner Day or Night THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 11

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Easy does it with new Safe-Guard (fenbendazole) dewormer New Safe-Guard is easy on cattle, but tough on worms. It's fast and easy to give. And it's compatible with vaccines, implants and grubicides (even organophosphates). Safe-Guard is more economical than either of the two leading dewormers. The more you learn about new Safe-Guard, the better you'll like it. Come in soon and ask about new Safe-Guard, the Easy-Does-It Dewormer. a SUPPLY COMPANY of FLORIDA INC. Main Street Mayo, FL 904/294-2802 Fla. Hwy. 579 & Main St. Thonotosassa Ph. 813/986-2491 Fla. Toll Free 8001282-6577 1811 NW 9th St. Okeechobee, FL 813/763-0261 Allied member of Florida Cattlemen's Association Automatic Electronic Deer Gravity Drop Units -Quail Economy Kits Electronic Supplement Feed Deer during periods of stress. Improve deer antler development. Attract & Hold game in your area. VERDE TIMERS: Quartz solid state 12V DC up to 96 different time settings per 24 hour period. Accurate -Top of the Line. Galvanized hopper 325 Lbs. Cap. Leg mounted or suspended models. Battery, dry cell or rechargeable. chore: Verde feeders Verde Manufacturing, Inc. Department NA 7060 S.W. 4th Street Miami, Florida33144 -(305) 262-7222 TERRY Wiseman has joined Allied Corporation in Florida. first embryo transfer in Water Buffalo. Research is also being conducted at Berry College, near Rome, Georgia. The newsletter says that Water Buffalo "are adept at surviving on marginal habitats." It says that the animals cost less to raise under marginal conditions such as scrub pasture, swampy or poor soils. Wisemnan joins Allied Corsoration Terry L. Wiseman has joined Allied Corporation as field sales representative for Sulf-N 45 ammonium sulfate in Florida and Alabama. Sulf-N 45 ammonium sulfate (21-0-0-24S) is a dry, free-flowing material that can be used in either dry or liquid fertilizer programs. Before joining Allied, Wiseman held a field representative position with Monsanto Agricultural Company in Omaha, Nebraska. He earned his bachelor's degree in Agricultural Economics from Purdue University in 1982. In his new position, he will be located in Florida. Products Syntex introduces new microbial product Syntex Animal Health, Inc., has introduced a new bovine microbial product containing the highly active, long-lived M74 strain of Streptococcus faecium to help cattlemen more rapidly restore a balance to the bacteria in the intestinal tracts of animals subjected to adverse conditions. The product, SyntabacTM "PIs" Gel, reduces the negative effects of Wildlife Feeders Write or call for Free Bro 12 THIE FLORIDA CATIEMAN JULY 1987

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LiPasture Aerator "Let Your Root-Bound Sod & Hay Fields Breathe" "For faster service we are now manufacturing locally" WE MATCH YOUR TRACTOR HORSEPOWER. 50HP and up. MULTI STRAI We build any size from 8' to -Full 6' 15'-20" and 30" drums. -Drive I Leaves ground smooth, not torn on hig up as other choppers do, making driving behind them comfortable. Introducing our new line for your planting needs: CULTIPACKERS. Hydraulic wheels LAND R included. Pictured 10' by 30" by 60" b diameter. I BLADES OR GHT BLADES penetration. Irom pasture to pasture hways with wheels down. OLLERS. Pictured 121/2' y 1" thick. Increases yield 2 to 3 times. Stimulates hay fields but leaves smooth. Opens ground to allow fertilizer to seep in. Even pull behind tractor ..."no jerking." Marc Lawson 121 Marvin Gardens Kissimmee, Florida 32743 305/348-4576 Custom work available THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JIY 1987 / 13 (912) 246-8497 ARRrELL COMPANY, INC. Location: Vada, GA Mail: P.O. Box 289, Pelham, GA 31779 Write or call collect for literature & prices. COMMERCIAL DUTY GOOSENECK THE STOCKMAN COVERED TOP 16' GOOSENECK THE RANCH HAND-CAGE TOP Committed to the production of Quality Products since 1954.

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Adsit Dura-Cast Products, Inc. P.O. Box 812, Lake Wales, Florida 33853 813/285-8874 or 813/533-4249 Special quantity discounts available! Designed and manufactured in Lake Wales, Florida. Delivery available, Dealer inquiries invited. Min A tout feeder gust s steel problem Round Water Tanks are stronger, easier to clean, require no braces and more cows can get around one to drink than rectangular tanks! Elevated Bottom Trough 10' Long, 43" Wide, 21" High 16" Deep Feeding Level. These troughs are designed for the toughest dairy cows or bulls. The 16" feeding level permits weaning calves. Troughs are designed to tie together in series for convenient filling and moving. eral Feeder gh, no maintenance mineral with dependable rain and hielding cover with stainless and nylon bearing mount. ate your mineral feeder ma! OTH ER PRODUCTS: Liquid Feeders, original one-piece and new model two-piece. These products last so long you will get tired looking at them! BLACK TO LAST! WHOLESALE PRICES FENCE POSTS HEAVY BARBED WIRE CORNER POSTS POLES 10 25 FT. COWPEN POSTS COWPEN LUMBER FENCE LUMBER SPLIT POSTS LANDSCAPE TIMBERS 4 x 4 x 6/'5 GAUCHO BARBED WIRE LASSO BARBED WIRE 10 x 121/2 GA. FIELD FENCE 9 x II GA. FIELD FENCE 9 x 9 GA. FIELD FENCE 2 x 4 WOVEN WIRE STOCK PANELS STAPLES PINE BARK MULCH Lykes Bros. Inc. Jorei/ Produclt .Diviioion P.O. BOX 460 LABELLE, FL 33935 813/675-4600 DEALER INQUIRIES INVITED Rectangular water tanks also available. 14 T1IE FI ORID (XiA CATLEMAN / JIY 1987 SYNTEX has introduced a new bovine probiotic product. non-beneficial intestinal bacterial on animal health and performance by establishing or restoring proper levels of beneficial bacteria in the intestine. Intended for use at birth, weaning, processing, during prolonged inclement weather or whenever the animal experiences adverse conditions, Syntabac gel is guaranteed to provide a minimum of eight billion, live colony forming units of the M74 strain per dose at time of administration. In addition, each 10-cc dose contains vitamins A, D, and B plus zinc at levels needed by cattle and calves experiencing changes in nutrition or environment that often lead to a rapid growth of harmful bacteria populations in the intestine. Syntabac gel is sold "ready to use" in 60-cc syringe tubes or 300-cc tubes with gun applicator. It is administered by placing the tube in the animal's mouth and expelling the product onto the back of the tongue. The product is also available in a powdered formulation for mixing with water before administering. The Streptococcus faecium M74 bacterium colonizes and adheres to the animal's intestinal wall where it competes with harmful, diseasecausing bacteria such as E. coli. The bacterium also very efficiently converts sugars to highly digestible lactic acid, where lowers the pH in the intestinal tract and inhibits the growth of harmful bacteria. With the ability to reproduce itself every 19 minutes, Streptococcus faecium M74 grows more quickly in the intestine than do other lactic-acid producing bacteria. For example, most strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus-the lactic acid-producing bacteria used in initial probiotic products-normally require more than three times as long to reproduce. This means the M74 strain of bacteria um in Syntabac gel enables the microflora (bacteria population) in the intestine to reach a normal balI -I ROHN GALVANIZED GATES

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ance in a shorter period. The long-lived, or durability, characteristic of the M74 bacterium strain also ensures that it will be viable when it reaches the intestine. "To be effective, it is essential that a probiotic product deliver live organisms to the animal," says Robert Botts, technical services representative for Syntex Animal Health. "The Streptococcus faecium M74 bacterium is so active and durable that this assurance is now possible. That's why we're able to put in writing our guarantee of eight billion colony forming units at time of administration." The rapid activity and durability of the Streptococcus faecium M74 bacterium is evident in results from trials comparing animals receiving the Syntabac product with those that do not. In one commercial feedlot trial, for example, 36 percent fewer of the animals receiving the product had to be pulled for sickness than those that had not received it. More importantly, the animals receiving the Syntabac product had a 58 percent reduction in hospital days. For more information on Syntabac "Plus" Gel and other Syntex products, contact Syntex Animal Health, Inc., 4800 Westown Parkway, Suite 200, West Des Moines, Iowa 50265, telephone 1-800-2472210. New distributor named for suspension products Terra International, Inc. of Sioux City, Iowa, has been appointed by Englehard Corporation as distributor of its liquid animal feed suspending agents in the continental U.S. Englehard's attapulgite suspension products, which are made by a proprietary process, are used in liquid animal feed products to keep the mixture homogeneous and free flowing. Manufacturers will be able to purchase 50 pound bags or bulk quantities of the Engelhard attapulgite suspending agents through 18 Terra warehouses, located in nine midwestern states including Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Texas. NEW B~qEEF FEEDING PRO G RAM.s designed for every stage of beef production. MANNA PRO now offers a program of nutritional engineering to build better beef. It combines native forages with high quality Manna Pro Feeds to help achieve reproductive efficiency and a more profitable calf crop. For The Brood Cow For The Calf For The Bull For The Show Calf For complete information on these unique quality programs call today. MANNA PRO CORPORATION P.O. Box 2442 Tampa, Florida 33601 Phone: 813-247-5678 JIM MINTER LAND FINISHING Custom Disking Rotavating Rolling Mowing Grain Drilling Most Work on Per Acre Basis )ver 11 Yrs. Service 305/349-5423 Oviedo, Fla. 32765 T'HE FLORII)A (AlI EMAN / JULY 1987 / 15 q ,"A

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Across the Fence B. Hall Davis, Ph.D., Nutritionist LAKELAND CASH FEED THE P.D.Q. COMPANY I ran across some "things" about children the other day which are amusing. Groucho Marx said his mother loved children and would have given anything ifh he had been one. John Wilmot said before he married he had six theories about rearing children. Then he got married had six children and NO theories. Babies are such a nice way to start people. Confucious say "Is it not strange that he who has no children brings them up so well?" The newspaper says the earth's population has now reached five billion. It goes on to say that every second, somewhere in the world, a woman gives birth to a baby. I tell you, we've got to find this woman and stop hier. There are many management tools that can be used to maximize profits such as cull ing, semen testing of bulls, herd health program, pastUre rotation and a good nutrition program. Included in a good nutrition program is adequate mineral intake. With spring and early summer rains comes giass. The grass is tilling but could be a bit watery. This means, of course, that the mineral requirenrent of the animals might not be being met Many ranchers think they can let their mineral program side. I think this is a short-sighted, penny wise and pound foolish approach. We know the importance Of calcium and phosphorus in bone and teeth formation but we sometimes overlook the importance of phosphorus in reproduction. The calf crop can be increased by as much as 50% in areas where phosphorus is low by proper phosphorus supplementation. Dr, Joe Conrad of the University of Florida, increased the calf crop from 42% to 80% in the Mato Grosso area of Brazil by phosphorus supplementation. The fact is-we have some areas in Florida that are low in phosphorus in the available form. So many producers think a little salt is all the mineral that is needed. Trace minerals are also very important and lack of any of the six (copper, cobalt, iron, zinc, manganese and iodine) will decrease prod activity. Dr. Cunha suggests that the cost of minerals will amount to approximately 1 -3 percent of the cost of animal production. Therefore, trying to save money by eliminating mineral feeding is false economy. That's why we say P.D.O. MINERAL SUPPLEMENIATION doesn't cost-it pays. I( Tl E V.iIORID)A CATATI -AN JILY 1987 NOW IT'S HISTORY 1949: Fence law criticized A law proposed by the Florida State Cattlemen's Association and passed by the Florida Legislature, designed to remove cattle from Florida's highways, was being criticized by several leading Florida newspapers as inadequate ...Henry Wright of Sanford was elected president of the Central Florida Cattlemen's Association ...Russell Farmer of Wauchula was named secretary of the South Florida Brahman Breeders, Inc., a cooperative marketing group. 1953: Peacock starts at Ona F.M. "Mack" Peacock was added to the staff of the Range Cattle Experiment Station at Ona as an assistant animal husbandman ...4-H'er Jimmy Clark of Greensboro won a $100 scholarship from the Florida Department of Agriculture for outstanding club work ...Fondren Mitchel shipped 939 crossbred cattle by rail from Texas to his Kenansville Ranch. 1959: Herds were expanding fast USDA warned cattlemen that the current high rate of beef herd expansion (4-5 million head in 1959) would result in severe price declines in the early 1960's ...Joe Overstreet of Kissimmee purchased a new Hereford herd sire in Arkansas ...Elector of Shempston, a purebred Angus bull owned by the University of Florida, was added to the battery of performance tested bulls of seven breeds in the American Breeders Service stud. 1963: Anaplasmosis was costly An article by Charles F. Simpson, D.V.M., University of Florida, said that anaplasmosis is one of the most costly diseases of Florida beef cattle ...Charles Collier, Arcadia, was elected president of the DeSoto County Angus Association, the only county breed association in Florida MIKE BALDWIN showed this purebred Angus steer to grand champion honors at the Southeastern Fat Stock Show, Ocala, in 1970. The steer was bred in the family owned Baldwin Angus Ranch herd near Ocala. Mike is still involved with the family ranch.

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FLORIDA C aIII. MEXICAN IMPORTS STILL INCREASING According to USDA figures, the U.S. received 1.05 million head of Mexican cattle in 1986. Measured by the rate of increase during the first quarter of 1987, the total could reach nearly two million head this year. Senator Lloyd Bentsen (DTexas) said he would ask the International Trade Commission to investigate the rising numbers, but he also said before any action is recommended, more information on the impact of the imports is needed. Some cattle brokers, truckers and farmers with pasture to lease have praised the imports. MORE INFO ON SPAYING NEEDED At a meeting of the Southern Animal Health Association in May at Raleigh, North Carolina, state veterinarians agreed to ask U.S. Animal Health Association Brucellosis Committee to appoint a subcommittee to investigate the F branding and spaying options and their compliance with shipping regulations. According to the Livestock Conservation Institute, they will ask APHIS to explore developing a toll free, 24 hour telephone answering system giving updated state import regulations and issuing entry permits after office hours. NCA WANTS BEEF QUOTAS LIFTED U.S. cattlemen are continuing to push for unlimited access to the Japanese market for beef. The National Cattlemen's Association is supporting the U.S. government in efforts to get Japan to remove all quotas on imported beef, so that the U.S. beef industry can ship substantially more fed beef to Japan. ATTLEMEN'S ASSOCIATION & BEEF COUN Grazer WILL CONTROLS HELP FARMERS No way, says an article in the May 22 Farm Paper Letter. The number of egg producers has dropped 70 percent (from 6000 more than a decade ago to 1800 today) in Australia, since quota imposition there. In Canada, under mandatory controls the number of dairy farms has declined 80 percent (from 175,000 in 1967 to 40,000 in 1986). During the same period, the number of dairy farmers in the U.S. declined 60 percent. In both countries, quotas can be bought and sold. PHONE CALLS HAVE IMPACT According to NCA, phone calls really make a difference when cattlemen want to get a message to Congress. An estimated 1000 calls were made by NCA state affiliates and members of the American National CattleWomen to representatives urging them to strike a provision in the House trade bill, which could have changed the way the U.S. milk surplus is calculated. Congressmen responded by passing an amendment by voice vote to strike the provision (Section 662) from the bill, heading off another possible dairy buy-out. By changing the formula which determines the milk surplus, the dairy industry could have avoided a 50 cent cut in the milk support price. NCA predicted that this could lead to overproduction, and another whole-herd buyout. NEW CATTLE BUYING SYSTEM NCA says a new approach to buying fed cattle is just around the corner. Excel Corporation will soon start buying fed cattle based on extensive tests the company has conducted on breeds and types of cattle. Within weeks Excel buyers will begin to use a 1 to 5 muscle scoring system to evaluate CIL cattle, instead of estimating quality and yield grades and carcass yield as buyers do now. The muscle scoring will be based on estimates of four factors: rib-eye area per 100 pounds of carcass weight; outside fat thickness; a muscle-tobone ratio; and a composite score, which will be a summary of the previous three numbers. According to Kansas State University meat scientist Del Allen, Excel will soon have five bids for cattle feeders. "Number 3 will be equivalent to the High Plains Choice price," Allen said. "Number 1 will be the top bid and have a $2 to $3 per hundredweight premium over 3, while number 5 may have a $6 discount." The new buying system, according to Allen, will be available in Excel's forward contract. Allen said Excel buyers would continue on the old system for a while and then make the switch to the new buying system 'within a few months." Excel has done extensive testing with breeds of cattle, trying to determine the best cattle for its growing branded beef program. Allen, who helped conduct the tests, said they showed as much as $100 difference in value between one carcass and another from the same pen of cattle, for which Excel paid the same money. CLEANUP HELP AVAILABLE Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner has endorsed Florida's Early Detection Incentive (EDI) Program. The program will pay cleanup costs for farmers who have leaking underground storage tanks. Anyone who suspects or knows about leaking gasoline, diesel fuel, kerosene, fuel oil and aviation fuel on their property may apply for EDI payment before October 1, 1987. There's an estimated 65,000 petroleum storage tanks in Florida. About 44,000 are underground. And, a reported 5000 of the tanks could be leaking. AUSTRALIANS WANT DDT BAN Cattle producers in Australia have called for a ban on DDT insecticide. The ban was called for after reports that traces of the chemical were found in beef exported to the U.S. LABELING BILL GETS DROPPED When action on a House trade bill was completed recently in Washington, D.C., the House voted to remove a provision that would have required the country of origin to be printed on meat labels. However, NCA says labeling of imported meat still may be the subject of hearings and the issue could be brought up again. VOLUSIA WILL HOST DIRECTORS The Volusia County Cattlemen's Association will serve as host for the FCA quarterly director's meeting in September. The meeting is set for September 10-11. A location has not been announced, but the meeting is expected to be held at Daytona Beach. OLD ITEMS STILL NEEDED Carolyn Kempfer, Deer Park, chairman of FCA's historical committee, is still looking for old items that can be included in an exhibit of Florida's past in the cattle business. The exhibit will be located at FCA headquarters at Kissimmee. Continued on following page

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BEE BEEF STAYS IN THE NEWS In the first four imtonths of' 1987, 1238 articles on the beef advertising campaign have appeared. Those articles appeared in publications with combined circulation of more than 120.3 million. Those are some pretty impressive numbers. But, how about the beef message the advertising carries. Is it being picked tip? According to the latest figures, 23 articles featuring trimmed, low-fat beef appeared last month in newspapers with total circulation of more than 1.2 million. In addition: New York NewsdaV, in "A 3-Otince Steak-Take It To Heart," tells readers how to include bee Iin a liealthv dict. A GenI/emen's Ouarter-/v article tells consUimers that beef can be low in calories. House Beaiutiid says beef has fewer calories and more nutrients than many other protein foods in its "Light News" section. Wonan's W or/d offers a Dijon Beef recipe in its eating well section. W4 orking Alother features an article titled "Blue Ribbon Beef Dinners." In addition, a section titled "The 'New' Lean Beef"' explains that beef is now leaner and trimmer. Elsewhere, Gourmnet offers flank steak cooking ideas; Redbook includes light beef recipes; and McCall's highlights easy-to-prepare beef recipes. What's next? Meat Board Test Kitchens have been working on a number of projects. Coming up, the July Health magazine will share two beef recipes with its one million readers; Colonial Homes will feature lean beef entrees; and (he fall Fanilv Circle Great Ideas "Diet and Fitness" issue will feature a Meat Board recipe On its cover. BEEF ADS GET GOOD RESPONSE An immediate response. That's \%hat ever advertiser wants from advertising, but seldom gets. 18 T11E FLOR)IDA CAT'ITENMAN Beef industry advertising runs in a variety of magazines every month (in addition to radio and television). Celebrity and the "Good News" ads carry the "Beef. Real Food For Real People" theme to targeted consumers every month through Better Hotmes and Gardens, Glamour, Countrv Living, Gourmet, Redbo)k, People, Bon Appeuit and others. VEAL STUDY GIVES CLUES Not much was known about how restaurant operators feel about veal until now. Struman and Associates recently completed a study of veal foodservice users for the Veal Committee of the Beef Industry Council. Results of the study suggest: -Restaurant owners perceive veal as an upscale menu item, so any attempt to extend its appeal to a broad-based foodservice market could have problems. -Restaurant owners perceive veal as a suitable compromise between the demand for chicken and seafood and the demand for beef. Operators see it as lighter, more "healthful' than beef, but more likely to satisfy a desire for the beef taste experience than chicken or seafood. -While restaurant owners see veal as flexible, they believe they vill have problems incorporating veal into existing operations because of handling, preparation and time constraints. -Restaurant owners perceive veal as pricey. Foodservice ads and collateral materials will incorporate the information gained through the research. Ads tentatively will begin to appear in foodservice trade journals in August. BEEF RECIPES FROM CELEBRITIES Cybill Shepherd and James Garner are both in Family Circle magazine's May issue. An article in the "Light & Easy Summrier Meals" special edition, titled "Star-Struck Meals," features color photos of favorite dishes, teasers about the dishes and recipes. "Here's The Beef," Shepherd's article begins. "Herbed tenderloin steaks with mustard sauce is a dish that is adaptable to health-oriented lifestyles," the article notes. "Cybill's recipe gets its wonderful flavor from lean beef and fresh herbs." As for Garner "Beefing It Up," the article introduces lemony butter beef eye round roast, which "is for today's active people. It's impressively flavorful, yet convenient to make." The article also notes: "Garner has an extensive repertoire of modern beef dishes (and) promotes the use of beef in menus by featuring up-to-date recipes." And readers of Parents get a 10 page look at the latest in beef and veal dishes, featuring recipes of two 1986 Beef Cook-Off celebrities: Bette Phillips (New Jersey, "Hot Hunan Hoagies") and Flora Wulf (South Dakota, "Beef and Apple Salad"). The article, A New Light Touch For Beef & Veal," appears in the May issue. Are consumers seeing the ads? Yes, based on reader service card responses in two of the magazines. The magazines carry the beef advertising and, in the reader service area, offer a copy of the Meat Board publication "Eat Light With Beef," which features a variety of low-calorie beef recipes. A February issue of GourInet generated more than 6500 responses for "Eat Light," xvhich magazine officials report is the second highest response rate. A March issue of Bon Appetit has generated more than 17,400 responses so far. Magazine officials say that makes it one of the highest response rates ever, beats the last beef offer by more than 3000, and is well above the magazine average response rate of 6000. BEEF GETS MORE GOOD REVIEWS Announcer: "A new restaurant (that's hot) may be no surprise to you, but today's hottest food just might be." Cut to Cybill Shepherd Hamburger ad: Play entire commercial. Announcer: "That's right, beef is back. (People) are discovering that there's more to dining than alfalfa sprouts Script of a new feedback presentation? No. Text of a video news release? No. The copy here is from a 22 minute segment of "Chicago Tonight" on WTTW-TV. The piece, which featured wellknown restaurant critics and a National Restaurant Association (NRA) official, looked at current trends. Beef was the headliner and dominant subject of the show. SENIORS ARE ON THE GO Between 1982 and 1985, customer traffic generated by senior citizens (65 years old and over) at all restaurants increased 13 percent, compared to eight percent for all households, according to an article in the April issue of Restaurants & Institutions. At quick service restaurants, senior traffic increased by 21 percent, compared to 14 percent overall. Also, seniors have the highest per capita discretionary income of any age group. CYBILL MAKES A DIFFERENCE An article in the March issue of Glamour magazine says that stars really influence our eating habits. And, it says that Cybill Shepherd "loves burgers." The article also says that even some stars that are mostly vegetarians are not above eating meat occasionally. JOIN YOUR CATTLEMAN ASSOCIATION JUIY 1987

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NEWS FROM FLORIDA BEEF COUNCIL Dollars fund Veal promotion and research The $1 checkoff has made it possible for the first time to create a marketing and research program for the veal industry in Florida and throughout the United States. Present veal usage is limited to about 25 percent of the population with the greatest amount of veal being consumed at home rather than away-from-home. Veal Marketing Plan Consumer Information: -Development and distribution of 'Facts About Veal.' -Recipe releases to food editors. -Recipe contest for consumers. Promotion: -Foodservice recipes to chefs. -Advertisements in foodservice publications. -Training programs for foodservice distributors. -Videos and printed informational material to retailers for training and consumer use. -Recipes and point-of-purchase material for retail promotions. -Veal attitudes and usage study. Research: -Retail and foodservice focus groups to determine future veal promotional needs. Economic analysis of veal distribution and supply patterns. Product development and enhancement. For more information on Beef Promotion, contact: "Promoting the product of one of Florida's leading industries." P.O. Box 1929, Kissimmee, Florida 32742-1929 e 305-846-6221 THEFLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 19 BEEF

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GRAHAM ANGUS FARM BILL GRAHAM PERFORMANCE TESTED BULLS Route 3, Box 587, Albany, Georgia 31707 0, T. Watson, Mgr. Joan Mattocks, Office Mgr. Jimmy Bowles. Cattle Mgr. (912) 432-0229 (912) 432-9249 (912) 439-7695 Performance Tested Angus AHIR BCIA Cattle since 1967 HR9BI IRVINGTON FARMS, INC. BILLY KING, Owner 6620 Whitesville Road FREDDIE CONE, Manager WEST POINT, GA 31833 404/882-0918 Intersection of GA. routes 219 & 18 REGISTERED ANGUS HERO SIRES Northern Sensation, By Great Northern Cedarmont Baros 4689. By Canadian Baros C C Northern Prospector, By No. Prospector 14 CYPRESS CREEK RANCH Box 2000, Johnston Rd, Dade City, Fla. Bill & Melba Straigis, Owners 904/588-2571 REEN WAY Breeders of superior angus. P.O. Box 1240 Ocala, Florida 32670 il Norman P. Clifton Jr. 904-732-3363 Mgr: Bobby McKettrick Ah = 904-622-3220 V RANCH ANQ Striving for Excellence Tommy & Shirley Lee, Owners Registered Angus Cattle Route 1, Box 146A Hilliard, FL 904/845-2557 813/782-4060 813/782-1485 KtAck eHAteW ANGAS jJARS Dale & Nancy Bacon James 0. Bacon 640 Geiger Road Manager/Partner Zephyrhills, FL 34248 FLORIDA Angus Ass'n Route 1, Box 318 Newberry, Fla. 32669 904/472-3997 904/472-2953 Certified Angus Beef Adds Staff The rapidly expanding Certified Angus Beef program, a division of the American Angus Association, has appointed an assistant director as well as the recent hiring of two additional staff members, reports Richard Spader, executive vice president of the nation's largest beef registry association in St. Joseph, Missouri. Homero A. Recio of Premont, Texas, is the new processing coordinator and Brent Eichar of Mansfield, Ohio, has been named to fill the newly created assistant retail coordinator position. Mary Ferguson, director of marketing concepts, was promoted to the assistant director of Certified Angus Beef (CAB), according to Louis "Mick" Colvin, director of the CAB program. The added staff members have been made necessary by the sales growth of the CAB program which continues to escalate with the ever increasing demand for consistent, high quality beef. Sales volume in fiscal 1986 was nearly 30 million pounds, and 1987 sales are currently averaging approximately 3.5 million pounds per month, with CAB packers purchasing some 5000 head of Angus and Angus cross cattle each day, reports Colvin. Certified Angus Beef is now served in approximately 5000 fine restaurants throughout the United States and eight foreign countries as well as being offered to consumers in over 600 upscale grocery stores and specialty meat markets nationwide. Orange elects Paul Linder The Orange County Cattlemen's Association has elected Paul R. Linder of Orlando president for 1987. Serving with Linder will be Joe Walter, Christmas, vice president; Jay Hebert, Orlando, secretary; and Wade Redditt, Orlando, treasurer. Directors of the association are: Danny Barber, Christmas; C.E. "Buster" Bradshaw 1s, Orlando; Fred Dietrich III, Orlando; Roy Dietrich, Orlando; Cliff Drinkwater, Orlando; Woodrow Story, Orlando; W.M. "Duck" Teal, Winter Garden, David Ward, Christmas; and Laverne Yates, Christmas. 20 11W FIORID).A CA 1111MAN IJULY 1987 Performance rated Real World Angus for Real World Cowmen Dave Pingrey Harris Swayze t6enton, MS 601/468-2958 LACKK BJII j ANGUS M ICH ELON 1 C Reg. Angus Since 1952 BULLS FOR SALE Groveland Brangus Bulis and Brangus Females for saie Rudy & Jane Gerad Ph: 904/429-2992 or 429-2554 Quail Roost Farm Registered Angus and F, cattle Elmer Heubeck Jr. Owner 904/591-2371 904/591-2189 Office Bert Mickel, Mgr. after 7 p.m. 904/595-4226 P.O. Box 717, Fairfield, FL 32634 Cattle for sale at all times LONG'S ANGUS RANCH Large type, registered Angus for sale. P. 0. Box 1057. Ruskin, FL 33570 813/645-3751 BARNET ANGUS FARM -Snce 947) "Home of Tho Top Performing Forage Angus in Georgia" Tested Bulls" M H Barnelt. Ji Owner Phone: 404/678-2832 nHerd rtited, Phone: 404 /678-2 890 aacrited P o BOx 641 WASHINGTON. GA 30673 THREE BAR D ANGUS RANCH Rt. 1, Box 318 Newberry, Florida 32669 Registered Angus Bulls, Cows and Heifers For Sale Ron & Norita Davis 904/472-3997 OFFICE 904/'472-2953 HOME

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HAVE YOU BEEN LISTENING? Just like farming and ranching, Farm Broadcasting is a business. Our daily broadcasts reach farmers and ranchers throughout Florida five times per week, year round. In addition to keeping Florida Agribusiness informed, we reach consumers as well. They find our programs interesting and informative. If you're a listener, we hope you enjoy the programs, and that you'll drop us a card saying so. If you're not a listener, we hope you'll call one of the stations listed and tune in. If you're an advertiser, we thank you and appreciate your business and support. If you're not an advertiser, we hope you'll pick up the phone right now, no matter what time of day. Independent Florida Agrinet 5950 S.W. 1st Lane Ocala, Florida 32674 (904) 854-0001 Independent HodaM AgrinetLM AGRINET AFFILATE STATIONS WOKD-FM WWOJ-FM WWBF-AM WSWN-AM WSWN-FM WBRD-AM WBGC-AM WDCF-AM WQUH-FM WXVQ-AM WTRS-AM WTRS-FM WEUS-AM WFTP-AM WKAE-FM WMJK-AM WVHG-FM WGRO-AM WONN-AM WHOF-AM WNER-AM WQHL-FM WTOT-AM WMEL-AM WMFL-AM WOKC-AM WLMC-FM WSUZ-AM WQSA-AM WAUC-AM WIRK-AM WIRK-FM WPCV-FM 98.3 106.3 1130 900 93.5 1420 1240 1350 103.1 1490 920 102.3 1240 1330 104.9 1220 92.1 960 1230 640 1250 98.1 980 920 1090 1570 103.1 800 1220 1310 1290 107.9 97.5 Arcadia Avon Park Bartow Belle Glade Belle Glade Bradenton Chipley Dade City Defuniak Spr. Deland Dunnellon Dunnellon Eustis Fort Pierce High Springs Kissimmee LaBelle Lake City Lakeland Leesburg Live Oak Live Oak Marianna Melbourne Monticello Okeechobee Okeechobee Palatka Sarasota Wauchula West Palm Bch West Palm Bch Winter Haven For air times, call your local station. Represented Nationally By: Network Radio Reps P.O. Box 450526 Atlanta, Georgia 30345 (404) 934-2022 Till FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 21 F 0

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Performance Tested, Registered Angus Bulls 16-18 months old Some sired by: Pine Drive Big Sky (Al), Penn State Power Play (Al), Stardust Power Play 1881, and PLS Big Sky R356. Angus Bulls, Cows & Heifers For Sale Henry & Jeannette Chilly 904/372 1650 Micanopay, Florida 32667 RANCH Heord Certified &Accredited Br uclois & TB Free Regted dAngu Sic 194 Official Pertormance Records Since 1958 SIZE-TYPE-QUALITY ABERDEEN-ANGUS THOMPSON BROS. FARM I A and Brucehonpson. Owners Rt.6, Box 349 Marianna PH: 904/482-8522 Florida 32446 TOP QUALITY PUREBRED Larg~e type. registered Angus ree~nrphn90) 5cr65 Certi ind &. Accredited Herd r, n i (305 892.1755 JOWERS CUSTOM AGRICULTURE Hay. Diadng Coaton P-attee and Land Renovation Maintenance David K. J-o 3105 S. Detawace Own St. Cloud. FL 32769 Always plan ahead for best advertising results by KEITH EVANS American Angus Association It was to be a really big Angus sale. The herd owners had made special and costly sale arrangements. To promote the event an unusual 4-colormagazine advertisement was planned. Everything was ready, or so it seemed. But as the ad copy deadline neared the advertising production department had no photograph to use. The day before the final deadline it became apparent that the advertiser had never even seen, let alone had possession of, the planned ad photograph. What's more, a quick long-distance telephone search revealed that a suitable color photograph was not available, and time had run out for taking one. In the end the ad was produced with a poor photo substitute that rendered the breeder's advertising investment less effective than it should have been. This scene, in one way or another, is played out all too often in beef cattle advertising. It is blindingly apparent to any cattle breeder that semen must be on hand at least nine months ahead of when calves are to be born, and 10 to 12 months in advance is much better. Evidently not so apparent is that there is a gestation period in advertising. The post office can't deliver a publication to potential customers until they receive them from the printer. Printers can't deliver until they obtain every camera-ready page from the production department. A page of advertising can't be made camera-ready until every photograph, logo, and line of type is supplied to the makeup artists, who get their copy from typesetting, who rely upon information from the advertising coordinators or sales people, who get their ideas and material from the advertiser. At every step in this process, from conception of the idea to delivery of the publication to the subscriber, there are deadlines. A final deadline is literally the very last day that something can be done and still get the publication printed and delivered on time. And final deadlines can't be beat. Being a day late for the deadline is much the same as being a day late in catching your best cow in heat. You wait until next month. But in the case of a production sale or another set event next month can be too late. Though final deadlines can't be beat, some people seem to make a game of seeing how close they can come. It may be fun to play, but it almost assures less effective advertising than if the material is provided two weeks or a month before deadline. The reason is obvious. After the last publication is out and well before the next deadline, writers, artists, typesetters, proofreaders, and pasteup people usually, have time on their hands. If an ad is ready to go into production these people have the time and mental energy to lavish tender loving care upon it. On the other hand, an ad which is one of several to be produced on the Friday afternoon of deadline will not, in fact cannot, receive the same care and attention. Being early doesn't assure perfection. Nor does being late always spell disaster. Publications try to provide advertisers with the best possible service, their business depends upon it. But if an advertiser plays the deadline game long enough, he or she will eventually lose, and chances are the publication will be blamed for the problem. An essential part of a good advertising plan is to know the deadlines of all the media you use. Then do all you can to meet the deadlines-the earlier the better. Remember, the birth of a healthy, productive advertisement or advertising program-like the birth of a calf-almost always comes at the end of normal gestation period. Angus bull sets new world record MC Power House 336, a registered Angus bull developed in the Elbert Angus herd near Pierce City, Missouri, has set a new world record for the Angus breed with an actual 365 day weight of 1606 pounds. All weights and measurements were supervised by University of Missouri extension personnel, according to a recent news release. The bull was born April 11, 1986, sired by PS Power Play. He had a birth weight of 72 pounds, 205 day weight of 975 pounds, 365 day actual weight of 1618 pounds, and 365 day actual height of 55 inches. The lifetime daily gain of MS P0er House 336 is 4.20 pounds. 22 ITE FLO)RIDA (A FIEIMAN 11A 1987

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J -J -ii I EMULOUS PRIDE 135-he's what the beef business is all about-EFFICIENCY. He is a 100% Golden Certified Meat Sire, and the only "Super Herd Sire" in Florida. He's known as a "carcass sire" among the knowledgeable meat people. His line in the Baldwin herd has produced 7 "Golden Super Cows" and 16 "Super Cows," based on official records and guidelines of the Florida Beef Cattle Improvement Association's Superior Performance Recognition Awards Program. We've been producing better genetic performance by selecting for efficient traits since 1960. So, if your objective is to produce a live calf that will grow fast, feed efficiently, and yield a high quality, meaty carcass at optimum weight, Baldwin Angus bulls will work in your program. We have a good selection available now. Come by and make your selections. 9 ( ATesting since 1960 OCALA, FLORIDA 32675 THE BALDWINS LEROY, SHARON, TONY, MIKE, ALAN and JOY 3660 N.W. 56th Street Phone 9041629-4574 Purebred Angus since 1947 THE FL ORIDA CATITLEMAN / JU11 1987 23

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Clostridial (Blackleg) diseases of cattle by E.J. RICHEY AND E.L. BLISS IFAS Extension Velerinarians University of Florida B lackleg, Malignant Edema, Sord, Black Disease, Red Water, and three kinds of Enterotoxemia are all caused by a genus of bacteria called Clostridium. The Clostridia bacteria possess certain unique characteristics that distinguish them from other bacteria. Three such principal characteristics are: (1) the ability to multiply only in the absence of oxygen, (2) the ability to survive adverse conditions by transforming into highly resistant forms called spores, and (3) the release of potent toxins during the process of multiplying. It is fhe combination of these three characteristics that make the clostridia highly dangerous. In their spore form, clostridia are able to exist in the presence of oxygen ...in the soil, on body surfaces and within the healthy animal. The clostridia do not cause disease until tissue is damaged to provide a favorable environment where the dormant clostridial spores are able to transform into active multiplying bacteria. During this multiplication, potent toxins are released which can destroy muscle tissue, destroy red blood cells, or interrupt nerve impulses depending upon which clostridial organism(s) is present. It is the common practice to group the clostridial diseases by their affinity for infection sites in the body rather than the type of toxin produced. Basically, the principal infection sites of clostridial bacteria are the muscles, the liver and the intestines. Thus, the clostridial diseases are categorized into muscle group, liver group, and gastrointestinal (gut) group. Muscle group: These clostridial organisms usually enter the body through wounds and lie dormant until a suitable environment for their activation occurs. Any injury, that interferes with the blood circulation to tissues, will often create an environment in which C1. chauvoei, C/. septicum and CI. sorde/ici can be activated. Bruises caused by butting, riding, restraint procedures, shipping, and close confinement around feed bunks; scratches; wounds; and lungs damaged by pneumonia are examples of the injuries which will often create a suitable environment. The toxins released by these multiplying bacteria produce widespead muscle damage. In addition, the toxins are absorbed into the bloodstream and are dispersed throughout the body where they cause more damage and impair the functions of vital organs. These three clostridial species are referred to as the muscle destroying clostridiUm and cause BLACKLEG, MALIGNANT EDEMA, and SORD disease respectively. All three diseases are characterized by swelling, collecting of fluids in the tissues, and sometimes producing gas in the muscle tissues surrounding the area of infection. The swellings are seen most often in the area of the hip, shoulder, neck and upper leg. Affected animals are usually lame and depressed, have an elevated body temperature during the early phases of the disease, and exhibit a drop in the body temperature to below normal as the disease progresses. In the final stages, the depression worsens and the animal goes down. Death usually occurs within 12 hours after the appearance of clinical disease. Because of the rapid death, most cattle producers find the affected animals dead, rather than sick. Liver group: The spores of the liver group enter the body through contaminated feed and water, become established in the intestinal tract, and eventually enter the bloodstream for distribution to the liver. Some form of liver damage is required for the activation of the spores. Common causes of liver damage include liver abscess, chemical or plant poisoning, fatty changes in the liver, internal parasites, and liver flukes. The LIVER GROUP consists of two clostridia, C1. novyi and Cl. haemolyticum also known as C/. novyi Type B and D respectively. In the presence of liver damage, the dormant spores become activated and Multiply. As with the muscle group, potent toxins are produced while the bacteria are multiplying. The toxins expand the area of liver damage and are absorbed into the bloodstream through which they reach and damage vital organs. A unique effect caused by the toxins is the destruction of red blood cells and the linings of small blood vessels. This unique effect results in the accumulation of red-colored fluids leaking into the body cavities. The diseases of the liver group are Black Disease caused by Cl. novyi and Bacillary Hemoglobinuria (Red Water) caused by C1. haernolyticum. These diseases follow a rapid course. A severe stage is usually reached before any outward signs are observed. Often the animals are found dead rather than sick. If early signs were observed, they would include depression, fever, standing apart from the herd, and reluctance to move. Many would assume an arched back posture with the neck extended. As the disease progresses, breathing becomes difficult and blood-tinged froth may appear in the nostrils. In lingering cases of Cl. haemnolyticum, the urine may turn red in color, hence the name Red Water or Bacillary Hemoglobinuria. Gastrointestinal (gut) group: This group consists of three types of C1. peifringens, Types B, C, and D-all three of which cause an ENTEROTOXEMIA disease. As a group C1. perfringens has been found in the intestinal tract of most animals and are considered to be worldwide in distribution. Almost every soil sample that has ever been examined has been found to contain certain types of C1. perfringens, the only exception being the sands of the Sahara desert. After entering the body in feed and water, the C. perfiingens revert from the spore form to the non-spore form in the small intestine. Conditions which reduce oxygen availability can stimulate multiplication of the bacteria and their release of potent toxins. The diseases of the gastrointestinal group appear following the intake of feeds high in soluble carbohydrates and/or when the diet is changed suddenly. Excess ingestion of feed brings about a change in the rumen organ24 HIE FIORIIA CA [ITENIAN JILY 1987

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isms with a subsequent increase in lactic acid, producing acidosis. In addition, partially fermented grain is allowed to enter the small intestines mainly in the form of starch granules. This creates an environment favoring rapid multiplication of Type D Cl. perfringens. As acidosis worsens, the motility of the rumen and the intestinal tract decreases. This allows the toxin produced by the multiplying Type D bacteria to accumulate in the forward part of the small intestine where it eventually escapes into the blood stream. Type C Cl. petfringens is activated under conditions in the small intestines produced by large quantities of milk, reduced intestinal motility, and even lack of exercise. Upon activation, the Type C bacteria multiply and produce large quantities of potent toxins that damage the gut and are absorbed into the bloodstream. Type B Cl. perfringens has not been regarded as a significant problem in the United States, even though some cases have been diagnosed. Deaths from diseases of the gut group occur suddenly, usually before clinical signs are seen. If observed, Type D disease symptoms could include excitement, convulsions, and eventually death. These signs are caused by the nerve tissue effects of the toxin produced by the multiplying bacteria. In Type C disease, signs include abdominal pain or colic, depression, and "low bloat." Type C symptoms are a result of the tissue destroying toxin that produces severe inflammation and hemorrhage of the intestinal lining, often referred to as "purple gut." The need for preinfection immunization is of critical importance in controlling all clostridial diseases because (1) Clostridial spores reside within the animal body and are widely distributed in the soil; (2) The presence of spores in the animal does not stimulate immunity to the activated form of the organism or to the toxins they release; (3) The activated clostridia cause death before an adequate defense response can be mounted. With the exception of Cl. chauvoei (blackleg), two doses of vaccine are required to insure protection against all clostridial bacteria because a high level of protective antibodies must be immediately available to combat the active bacteria and/or their toxins. The 1st dose of the vaccine stimulates the production of a small amount of short acting antibodies and the 2nd dose stimulates a secondary response which results in a large amount of long lasting antibodies. Animals being vaccinated against any of the clostridial diseases for the first time should receive two doses three to four weeks apart. Animals vaccinated under three months of age should be revaccinated at weaning or at four to six months of age. To maximize the protection of brood cows and to help assure that their calves receive high levels of protection from the first milk, all animals should be booster vaccinated at least once a year. In the case of providing adequate protection against the liver group (Cl. novyi and Cl. haenmolyticum,) all animals should be revaccinated every six months. A guiding rule for the timing of booster vaccinations should be to "revaccinate before periods of extreme risk." For the calves, high risk times include the rich intake of mother's milk, growing on creep feed or milk replacers, castration, dehorning, shipping, growing on lush pastures, respiratory diseases, and finishing in the feed yard. High risk times for the brood cows and bulls include grazing pastures infested with snails (the intermediate host of the liver fluke), grazing lush pastures, and supplementing with a concentrated feed. Cattle that die from clostridial infections should be completely burned or deeply buried after covering them with quicklime. The clostridium organism would be distributed throughout the carcass and would be a source of infection to other cattle or be transmitted by predators, scavengers or rain water to other premises. It has been shown that properly vaccinating calves with a bacterin containing the muscle, liver and gut clostridia (8-way) reduced the death loss in a western feedyard by 47.3%. The significant reduction in death loss was not surprising; a feedyard is an ideal site for concentrating the clostridium organisms that are transported by the cattle from various geographical regions and is considered a high-risk time in the calves' lives. Combination vaccines or bacterins are readily available to the cattle producer. Quite often the terminology used to market the combination bacterins is confusing. Terms such as 4-Way, 7-Way, and 8-Way blackleg vaccines are used to specify the number of clostridial diseases the vaccine can stimulate the body to protect against; not necessarily how many bacterins are present. For example, a 7-Way Clostridial vaccine contains bacterins of Cl. chauvoei, Cl. septicumn, Cl. sordellii, Cl. novyi, Cl. perfringens Type D, and Cl. peifringens Type C. But when you count the bacterins listed on the bottle, there are only 6 present. The Cl. perfringens Type D and Type C bacterins will stimulate cross protection against Type B Cl. peirfringens, making the vaccine a 7-Way PROTECTIVE vaccine rather than a 7-Way bacteria vaccine. The following table may simplify the clostridial vaccines and the protection stimulated. Clostridial vaccines & infection review BACTERINS C. chauvoei C. septicum C. sordellii C. novyi C. haemolvticum C. perfringens Type C Type D Type B ** AVAILABLE in ?-WAY VACCINES 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 4, 5, 7, 4, 5, 7, 4, 5, 7, 8 8 8 4, 5, 7, 8 *5, -,8 7, 8 7, 8 7, 8 Site of INFECTION Muscle Muscle Muscle Liver Liver Gut Gut Gut Stimulates Protection Against These DISEASES Blackleg Malignant Edema Sord/Black Neck Black Disease Red Water Enterotoxemia Enterotoxemia Enterotoxemia Is available without being in a combination vaccine. ** Protection is provided for Type B C. perfringens because of the cross innunity from the Type C & D toxoids. THE IFLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JtL 1987 / 25

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CattleWomen are still hard at work PRESIDENT'S BY-LINES Since my column has been devoted to Region 11 and the Cook-off for the last two editions, I have tried this month to bring us up-to-date on activities for the past few months. F.CW Activities Legislative Appreciation DayApril-chairman Belle Jeffords. Each year the Florida CattleWomen, Florida Cattlemen Association and Florida Beef Council have a booth at this function which is sponsored by the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Affairs in Tallahassee. Beef samples with teriyaki sauce was served, brochures, beef buttons and stickers given out. A large crowd was in attendance with Governor Bob Martinez and many legislators stopping by our booth. Thanks to Belle Jeffords, Deek McCall and Polly Golden who assembled the booth and to Peggy Miller, Ruth Tucker, Myra Davis and Robin Sexton, FCA secretary, for working in the booth. We had a good day and enjoyed the opportunity to participate in this event. Florida International Agricultural Trade Council-May Tampa. Florida CattleWomen, Florida Cattlemen's Association and Florida Beef Council participated. Imogene Yarborough setup and manned the booth. Beef facts, recipes, membership brochures and Ways and Means items were available. On Friday morning, beef samples with teriyaki sauce was served. Thanks to the workers: Imogene Yarborough, Peggy Miller, Trudy Carey, Liz Williams, Leslie Van Trump, Jayne Massaro, Susan Carlton and Louise Massaro. Bob Price, executive vice president of FCA was on hand to discuss membership and FCA activities with the many visitors. FCA Membership Contest-Don't you want to win a cruise! Let's do all we can to assist the FCA in getting new members and renewing old membcrships. For every FCA membership you sign up get a CattleWomen membership at the same time. The FCA membership contest has been extended until July 31. Contest prizes will be awarded at the September quarterly meeting. Florida Beef Council-in order to promote our industry and our product the Florida CattleWomen and Flicd Bee CouncilJ 777 7 J 66 rm m 1a -,LLAWMAKERS who visited the Florida Beef Council booth during legislative appreciation day were greeted by (1-r) Peggy Miller, Ruth Tucker, Al Bellotto, chairman of FBC, and Deek McCall. Florida Cattleulomen, Inc. ( 1961-1986 Now in our 25th year Rt. 1, Box 596 Micanopy, FL 32667 President Sylvia P. Leitner 904/466-3481 President Elect Trudy Carey, Brandon Vice President Peggy Miller, Bronson Recording Secretary Betty Jo Brown, Immokalee Corresponding Secretary Melba Lambert Straigis, Dade City Treasurer Janis Walter, Christmas Chaplain Myra Davis, Lakeland Parliamentarian Jeanette Barthle, Dade City the Florida Beef Council have had a very close working relationship that has complimented each other to get the job done in our state to promote beef. With the advent of the Beef Checkoff, which has enabled more funds to be available, the Florida CattleWomen requested and received money toward beef promotion and education projects. The money has been well-spent, our programs well-received with much factual information spread throughout the state and nation. In addition to the money we received, the Florida CattleWomen, Florida Beef Council and The Florida Cattlemen's Association work in a cooperative effort in many other functions during the year. We appreciate the interest and support of FBC chairman Al Bellotto and executive director Polly Golden. They both this year, in the task of organizing the Beef Check-off in Florida, have put in untold hours to enable this program to function smoothly. And its not only this year, but in year's past and previous FBC chairmen have each contributed to a cooperative effort with the FCW to promote beef in the state of Florida. So, it takes us all working together to make our industry better. 26 1HE FLORIDA CA ITrLMAN /LY 1987

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County News County associations have been very active since the first of the year promoting beef and electing new officers. It's great to see so much interest throughout the state. Collier County-In February, the Collier County CattleWomen did an in-store promotion at the Marco Publix serving beef dip. In March they held the Collier County Beef Cookoff at the Naples Pavilion Publix with Patricia Whisnant from Immokalee the winner. They served beef dip for two hours. In April they donated favors for Region 11. In May Tell-theFarm Story was held at the Naples Coastland Mall from 10 a.m.-5:00 p.m. using the Beef Council's new commercials and a drawing for a $35 beef gift certificate. The officers elected for 1987-88 are as follows: Mildred Sherrod, president; Connie Mercer, vice-president; Karen Howell, secretary; Betty Jo Brown, treasurer; Louise Floyd, state director. These are some of the many ways CattleWomen have an impact within their county. Collier County has had a beef promotion or education project just about every month. These activities and personal contacts with consumers really (Continued on page 62) STALNAKER FARM & RANCH SUPPLY, INC. TAMPA, FLORIDA Phone collect (813) 248-6238 P.O. Box 172 Tampa, Fla. 33601 Come see us at 33rd St. and East 7th Ave., Tampa Largest inventory of Fencing for Farm & Ranch in Florida FARM FENCING BARBED WIRE GAUCHO BARBED WIRE POULTRY NETTING FARM GATES Galvanized steel, wire GALVANIZED ROOFING 5-V-Crimp FENCE POSTS -Steel. STAPLES GATE HARDWARE ELECTRIC FENCE SYSTEMS AMERICAN POWER PULLS HI LIFT JACKS WELDED WIRE HARDWARE CLOTH NAILS -Bright or galvanized. WE DELIVER ., I RED ANGUS/RED BRANGUS Bulls for Sale HIDDEN VALLEY RANCH Jack Sweger (813) 461-2809 (904) 796-5868 24201 Hayman Rd. Eddie Gassaway Ranch Mgr (904) 796-7082 Brooksville, FL 33512 THE FLORIDA CATTLEKMAN / JULY 1987 / 27 Complete A.I. Services BEEF-DAIRY Quality Semen Supplies 305-348-4475 813-746-6362 RED ANGUS PRODUCTION SALE Selling 100+ performance-rated Red Angus September 5, 1987 at 1 p.m. at the farm, Jay, Florida 100 Select performance-rated females 30 young super cows 20 weaned open heifers 10 weaned bull calves 50 bred heifers 10 performance-rated 2-year-old bulls Some of the very best Red Angus available. A 15 month old Enfinger Red Angus bull, weighing 1500 pounds, sold in the February '87 Kissimmee All-Breed bull sale to Bruce Partin of Kissimmee for $1650. Top of any breed at the 1986 Ocala Bull Sale was an Enfinger Red Angus for $2550. They are growthy, performance-rated, and have the preferred red color. Don't miss this investment opportunity. Please write for a sale catalog. Al Enfinger Red Angus Farm Route 3, Box 683, Jay, Florida 32565 Telephone 904-994-7033

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Heldon Ranch Registered Brangus Cattle Route 2A, Box 240H Morriston, Florida 32668 Brinks Estra 136R2 0 Calved 8/18/83 ET 4th Generation 28 Mo.-Hip Ht. 62"-Wt. 2180-Scrotal Cir. 44 cm A ,, ,,.-A-, 205 ADA C-, RA( ry 365 04A 40 j, 272 N. 696 3 rr 2 '' 3, 3s5 Florida raised performance tested bulls for sale. Registered cows and heifers for sale. Certified herd. Donald L. Smith Owner 904-694-2600 H ardee Farms hf wractioov Fiaoe Perororo in I i Brangus, Angus, 3/4 Bloods P.O.Box 505 Chiefland, Florida 32626 Charles Hardee .(904) 493-4472 Chris Hardee .904) 493-1204 Hank Petersen .(904) 493-4984 Brangus Bulls GRANADA 1P.0. iox -0 ;,Whee 1-k, TX -"882 h0e Aanz. DLa,. C.A 95616 28 111E FLORIDA CATT1ENIAN / JULY 1987 Mendel Cline Manager 904-528-4676 a Flint '+ LAND & CATTLE CO. Registered Brangus Fts Von Vlissingen, 404 553-5437 Owner Route 2. Box 16 Tommy Coshion. Mgr Woodbury, GA 30293 Reg. Brangus Commercial Cattle Bar D Ranch Clinton Dicks Terry Dicks 904/752-2733 904/752-1093 Route 3, Box 138E LAKE CITY, FLORIDA 32055 40-Day G-4 T-~ Rl.5,-~ C, ADA C-~ k-, Q0 38 ro 5 o 20 r0 Screwworms threaten state again Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner recently asked all south Florida livestock owners and veterinarians to step up all livestock inspections as a precaution against a potential screwworm outbreak. The action followed confirmation by USDA animal health officials that a hunting dog infested with screwworm larvae passed through the Miami International Airport earlier this month. Conner said screwworms are a serious pest to livestock. A parasitic larvae of a blowfly species, screwworms attack warmblooded animals, feeding on flesh in open wounds. If wounds are left untreated, serious injuries can result, including death. An untreated infestation can kill a grown steer in 10 days. A simple infestation can produce more than 300 flies in 21 days. The female fly lays eggs on an open wound and as the eggs hatch, tiny larvae begin feeding on the flesh. Any warmblooded animal with an untreated wound, even as small as a tick bite, is a potential victim. Therefore, Conner urged all south Florida livestock owners to inspect livestock at least twice per week; always treat open wounds; and immediately consult a veterinarian or state animal health official if any maggots are found feeding on live flesh. In addition to stepped-up livestock surveillance, Conner said biological control is also being used. The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service released flies sterilized by irradiation twice a week for six weeks in the immediate area of the airport as a precautionary measure. "Florida agricultural officials felt strongly about using sterile flies when screwworm eradication efforts were instituted in 1958, and we feel the same way today," Conner said. "We must take all of the necessary prccautions to avoid the risk of reinfestation." The United States was declared free of screwworms in 1966 after the release of billions of sterile flies, according to Bert Hawkins, administrator of the USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Small infestations have occurred since then, mostly along the MexicanU.S. border. The last such infestation was in Texas in August 1982.

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MO BRANGUS REGISTERED PERFORMANCE TESTED Mo Williams 305-869-5866 Sorrento, FL 4 miles East of Mt. Dora Smoak's g o0V "Co Claude Smoak-Owner P.O. Box 676 Minneola, FL 32755 Office: 904-394-4267 Home: 904-394-4277 711 HAYMANS 711 SEVEN ELEVEN RANCH REGISTERED & COMMERCIAL BRANGUS, BRAFORD, BRAHMAN W.P. (Bill) Hayman Jr. 305/436-1062 Terry Blount 305/436-1002 P.O. Box 117 Kenansville, FL 32739 Emmett C Harrison P0 Box 1133 2104 Ridgetop Dr Tallahassee, FL 32302 Home (904) 385-3056 Office (904) 224-6101 Registered (912) 377 1300 Brangus Cattle N-W RANCH Joann Wingo 904-447-3372 11 S. Lake Drive Inglis, Florida 32649 Black Bay Citrus Land & Cattle Co. Blue Ribbon Ranch Quality Brangus Cattle Gary Brown, Manager Rt. 1, Box 487 813-494-3429 Arcadia, FL 33821 Carlton's Bar A Brangus Brady Pfeil, Manager 813-494-7302 Rt. 1, Box 215 Arcadia, FL 33821 Your Ad Could Go Here BRANGUS 8 13-763 7882 Registered BRANGUS Breeder I I nak Spg, II 1243 ,904) 892-5749 L. PECK (A WTJON, SR. Heldon Ranch Registered Brangus Donald L Smith 904-694-2600 Rt. 2A, Box 240H Morriston, FL 32668 5AMPALA AKE RANCH REGISTERED BRANGUS FRANK P.(. Box 2W KREMSER MADISON FL 340 OWNER PH (904) 97 61 BRA 15 month old Exacto son. Maternal Strength and Performance We are combining our proven Maternal Strength with Top Performing bulls to produce what the Commercial Market needs. Production and Performance! A Manager: Brady Pfeil 813-494-7302 Owners: Albert and Barbara Carlton 813-773-6867 "80," 13-year-old proven producer of top cattle.

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IUsed and Endorsed by BOB LILLY Former Dallas Cowboy, All-Pro Tackle I and Professional Football Hall of Fame Automatic Wildlife Feeders Quartz orre ACCuracy Recha There's a SWEENEY Feeder sized to titevery feeding need. Feed deer, urkey, quail or fish. Walpole Feed & Supply U.S. Highway 98 OKEECHOBEE, FLORIDA Office: 8131763-6905 Night: 813/763-0834 -------------------Registered & Commercial Brangus Cattle Reg. Quarter Horses LITLE SPRINGS FARM James M. (Buddy) Adams Darrell Gray 404/786-8900 Farm 434/787-5397 59 Moore Farm Rd. COVINGTON GA 30209 Circle R Ranch REG. ANGUS & BRANGUS ARKY E. ROGERS, OWNER 904/752-2103 Rt. 6, Box 175 LAKE CITY, FLORIDA 32055 Located 7 miles south on U.S 41 Tommy Cashion Pres. 404-553-5731 Res. or 404-553-5437 Off. Rt 2, Box 16, Woodbury. Ga. 30293 "TEST and WEIGH TO MAKE BEEF CATTLE PAY" Ask about Joining-Contact BOB SAND FBCIA Sec'y. *.231 Animal Science Bldg. University of Florida "-Gainesville, FL 32601 A '4 MARCIE PARTIN AND TODD LAUGHREY were married recently in Kissimmee. Both are Animal Science students at the University of Florida. Marcie is the daughter of Mike and Janet Partin, Kissimmee. ABBA Brahman symposium set Members of the American Brahman Breeders Association (ABBA) will host their second annual National Brahman Symposium and Ranch Olympics August 12-14 at the Hilton Hotel, College Station, Texas. The event, expected to draw 250 people, will be held immediately following the Texas A&M Beef Cattle Conference August 10-11. Both programs are aimed at producers, be they purebred or commercial, and are billed as "Beef Week in Texas." The programs will focus on our final product-beef. Carcass traits, consumer preferences and packers specifications are topics of discussions. ABBA's educational program is scheduled for Wednesday afternoon and Thursday all day, August 12-13. The ranch olympic team contests unfold on both nights. Then on Friday morning, August 14, ABBA's Brahman Futurity grading will take place at the Louis Pearce Pavilion on the Texas A&M Campus. On Friday afternoon, the association's board of directors is to meet at the Hilton Hotel. ABBA is sponsoring a trade show at the Hilton in conjunction with the educational programs. The first 30 applicants will purchase booth space. Modern Grey Brahman ivx and Brahmoustn Boyce H. Blackmon, owner P.O. Box 2435, Sarasota, FL 33578 813/371-6462 or 377-6236 Registered and Commercial Brahman C. H. Beville Telephone 904/793-2081 BUSHNELL, FLORIDA 33513 Brucellosis certification numbers purebred herd: 5863-0001 commercial herd: 5863 Chapman & Collier Registered Brahman Cattle Certified & Accredited for TB & Bangs Manso & Imperator Breeding A. R. Chapman and Wayne Collier, owners Ph. 813/773-9528 or 813/773-3161 Route 2, Box 218, Wauchula, Fla. 33873 Lazy ew Ranch Registered Brahmans and Quarter Horses Barthle Brothers P 0. Box 6 San Antonio, Fla. 33576 Phone 904/588 3716 CETAL FLORIDA DRAHMAN BREEDERS G. A. Tucker & Sons cocoa kRo< cege Forido 1305) 636-2390 A. ECKMAN RANCH umortalo. Florido (9041 669-5213 Duda & Sons, Inc. coao Fondo (305) 636 3966 WH.F,6tuort Pnnd3,In Bartow Florida (813) 294-9262 30 T HIE FLORIDA CArLEIAN /11ULY 1987

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IRONWOOD THANKS SAN LUIS Guayaquil, Equador IRONWOOD FARMS would like to take this opportunity to thank Mr. Henry Williams A. of Hacienda San Luis, Guayaquil, Equador for his recent purchase of this outstanding young herd sire, "IF IRON LEONA's SPEC 532." SHOW WINNINGS: 1986 Central Fla. Fair: Class winner 1986 NE Fla. Fair: Res. Jr. Champion 1986 S. Ala. State Fair: Jr. Champion 1986 N. Fla. Fair: Class winner 1986 Gr. Jacksonville Fair: Class winner 1986 S. Ga. Legion Fair: Jr. Champion 1986 Nat. Peanut Festival: Class winner 1987 Fla. State Fair: 2nd in class 1987 Kissimmee Valley Fair: Res. Grand Champion 1987 Central Fla. Fair: Class winner PERFORMANCE INFORMATION Birth weight: 80 lbs. 205 day weight: 619 lbs. 365 day weight: 1020 lbs. Hip ht. 57" iROnwood Farms 18 month weight: 1400 lbs. Hip ht. 60" PERFORMANCE TESTED GRAY BRAHMANS Present weight: 1700 lbs. Hip ht. 62" Bill & DiAnne Thompson Ranch 904/929 4346 Home: 904/929-4924 Route 3 Box 1428 Madison. Florida 32340

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Registered Red and Gray Brahmans DAUGHTRY BROTHERS Rt. 2 Box 388 Jay & Mike Wauchua L ug 8131773-9285 Owners J. Roy Dee, Owner 2700 N. Dee River Rd. DEE RIVER RANCH Inverness, Florida 32650 Ranch office: 904-726-0826 barn 904 726-0822 W nigr. 904-344-1037 Registered Gray Brahmans DIAMOND RANCH Red & Speckled Brahmans P. 0. Box 836 WAUCHULA, FLORIDA 33873 Ph: 813/773-9450 p m Registered Brahman Cattle Based on Practical Performance A. Duda & Sons, Inc. 4900 Sawmill Grade Cocoa, FL 32922 Phone 305/636-3966 Nights 305/636-6412 FLORIDA B/lahman ASSOCIATION 1510 Henry Partin Road Kissimmee, FL 32743 305-846-2168 Brahman Cattle International Ranch P. 0. Box 1765 Clewiston, FL 33440 Ph: 813/983-7773 (Off.) I Junior Brahman Show is July 20-25 Approximately 1000 young Brahman breeders and their parents will gather in Angleton, Texas on July 20-25 for the largest annual Brahman event in America. The "All American" National Junior Brahman Show sponsored by the American Junior Brahman Association is scheduled to take place at the Brazoria County Fairgrounds. This year's show is hosted by the Texas Junior Brahman Association. Prior to AJBA events beginning on July 23, the Texas young people will have their show and other related activities July 20-22. Close to 650 head of bulls and females are expected to be exhibited at this year's show. Lee Pritchard of Crowley, Texas has been selected to judge. In addition to the cattle judging, a queen will be named, public speaking contests held, futurity judging as well as a calf prospect sale will also take place. The 900-member youth organization, AJBA, hosts one of the largest summer shows in the U.S. Calves and vouth will travel from as far away as Florida to attend the festivities. In releasing the dates of the week, Wendell Schronk, American Brahman Breeders Association said, "Our youth program is without doubt our greatest promotional arm of the breed. These kids represent the finest in America and are some of the best fitters and showmen in the cattle business. We are very fortunate for having the dedicated parents and supporters we do for our youth program. Over $10,000 in premiums and awards will be presented at the week's end. The 1988 "All American" Junior Brahman Show and ABBA National Show is scheduled to be held in June at Tampa. Red meat is one of the best sources of iron because it contributes both heme and nonheme iron. About 23 percent of heme iron is available to the human body. Only 3 to 8 percent of dietary nonheme iron is available. The "Meat Factor" present in animal tissues helps the body absorb and use nonheme iron from meat and other foods. Source: National Live Stock and Meat Board. Star Rt. Box 77 Hampton, FIL J.L. Gladwell 904-964-8613 Registered & Commercial Brahman Cattle KABAR RANCH H. 0. Kennedy & Sons 13503 Ranch Rd. Jacksonville, Fla. 32218 PH: 904/757-3643 Corner of 1-95 and entrance of Jacksonville International Airport. Edward L. "Geech" Partin Heart Bar Ranch Gentle, Good Pigmented, Beefy Gray Brahmans 1358 Kings Highway Kissimmee, FL 32743 305-846-2194 eb REGISTERED Re BRAH MANS -QUALITY -VERY GENTLE -REASO NABLY PRICED n' that ain't no bull! ED AND RICK ROSE LAKE CITY, FL 752-5161 or 752-0679 KFARS "EG ISTEREDB RA HM ANS Ro1e 3 Gr,,, F I'o, rQ1u0 Jimmy Register 90 Richard Register 90 I Gentle, Quality 4/263-6895 4/263-4754 Gentle, Quality BRAHMAN CATTLE Rocking S Ranch P.O. Box 935. Wauchula, FL 33873 Marcus Shackelford L.M Shacke ord 813/773-4616 813/773-9133 G. T. STACK & SONS REGISTERED BRAHMANS P.O. Box 1082 Brandon, FL 33511 Office & Ranch 813/689-3285 Home 813/689-3920 32 1TH1E FLORID (A CATUrlMAN JUlY 1987 -tALACRAN 005 Pure Gir-Imported from Brazil Semen Available-Cattle For Sale AMPTON OUSE

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Feed Florida Molasses .rich in easily digestible energy Florida Molasses Exchange, Inc. 31 West 20th Street-P.O. Box 10644 Riviera Beach, Florida 33404 305/848-3301 Registered Brahman Cattle J. K. STUART BARTOW FLORIDA 33830 Williams Brothers Ranch Performance tested Gray Brahmans Danny Williams 147 Southwest 19-C Archer, Florida 32618 Telephone: 904/495-9888 DUAL SHORTHORNS RIDGECREST FARM, INC. Mrs. Paul R. Lewis & Sons Breeders of fine dval purpose Shorthorns (Durhams) since 1964. Porebred bulls and females available at all times. Angus/Shorthorn cross and other cross-bred halters also available. MORE SIZE -MORE MILK HIGHER MATERNAL TRAITS it. 1 Box 233 (904) 997-5592 Monticello, Fla. 32344 (904) 878-3155 REGISTERED POLLED SHORTHORNS PINEVIEW FARMS Paul Ragans, owner Route 2 Ph 904/971-5417 Madison, Florida 32340 Specializing in Brahman and Brahman influenced cattle Sweetwater Cattle Service Complete Cattle Services Jay Daughtry, Owner 813-773-9285 Rt. 2, Box 388, Wauchula, FL 33873 SMITH RANCH SHORTHORNS Polled and Horned Ot ford i, I c tlt i crtiteid for Brucllois (N 400i)t & \ .vliid lor t a Pauline N. Smith-Owner 813/293-2930 Winter Haven, Fla. 33880 R,,,,, ofI SIR (4' on B keve Rd. I miles N F (This is another article in a series about brucellosis distributed by the Florida Brucellosis Information Committee. This material was prepared by Ed. Richey, extension veterinarian, University of Florida. It is intended to provide livestock producers with a clearer understanding of the disease they are fighting.) To be able to issue a health certificate for the movement of livestock, a veterinarian must become accredited by the USDA. A Veterinary Accreditation Regulation was set up in 1970 to put into legal terms the cooperative practices that had developed in the joint State/Federal activities. The regulation established the requirements for accreditation, the standards of performance, and the rules for suspension or revocation of the accreditation when it becomes necessary. The requirements for accreditation include that the veterinarian be a graduate of a college of veterinary medicine, be licensed to practice in the state, sign an agreement to comply with the "Standards for Accredited Veterinarians," pass an accreditation examination, and be recommended for accreditation by the state veterinarian and the USDA. The "Standards for Accredited Veterinarians" dictate that the accredited veterinarian must inspect the livestock prior to signing and issuing a certificate; that certificates, forms, and reports be accurate, complete, and distributed according to instructions; must indicate on the certificate if another veterinarian has performed any regulatory work pertaining to the shipment of these animals; that tests and vaccinations will be applied according to prescribed techniques; report any disease condition to the regulatory agencies; follow sanitary procedures to prevent the spread of disease; keep informed of state and federal policies/regulations/procedures and advise livestock owners or shippers accordingly; administer all vaccines as instructed by the regulatory agencies; and be responsible for the proper use of certificates, forms, records, tags, and brands used in accreditation work. In any situation where the administrator of the USDA-Animal and Plant Inspection Service has reason to believe that any accredited veterinarian has not complied with the "Standards for Accredited Veterinarians," the administrator may suspend the accreditation of a veterinarian. That veterinarian may no longer participate in any regulatory work or issue health certificates for the interstate or foreign movement of animals. Veterinary practitioners have been made acutely aware that they must maintain accountability for the accredited work they do for their clients. Suspension or revocation of accreditation has occurred for many reasons. The more recent causes include, but are not limited to: 1) Failure to record the number of animals in a shipment and to list eartag numbers. 2) The veterinarian authorized employees to complete and sign a health certificate for interstate movement of livestock. 3) Signing brucellosis vaccination records for cattle that the veterinarian had not vaccinated and served only as a signing agent for a nonaccredited veterinarian. 4) Pre-signing health certificates and leaving the certificates at the disposal of an employee or a livestock shipper to be filled in "later." (Continued on page 72) 34 1THE FLORIDA cATrriEMAN / JULY 1987 Brucellosis: The veterinarian and the health certificate

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Dubo's Mr Universe 77 +JK Sugar Crata 45 BL Dubo 38/1 ADS Duson's Holly 36 OLP Miss Tonto Bano 662/2 Tonto Bano Manso 6 OLP Miss Riley Dubo 38/1 + Ws Rexcrata 402 +JK Sugar Crata 45 Whit's 251 ADS Duson's Big John ADS Duson's Holly +-ADS Queen de Manso 705 If you're looking for quality, gentle beef-type Brahmans, look no further. At Partin & Partin our cattle are expected to produce and perform consistently. We have an exceptional group of commercial bulls for sale. Also, herdsire prospects and show quality bulls and females available this fall. In the near future we will have semen available on our herdsires Dubo 38/1 and Country Boy. Stop by the ranch and take a look for yourself. PARTIN & PARTIN HEART BAR RANCH KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA 305-846-2168 Sybil Partin Mike Partin

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ON THE EDGE Pass It On OFCOMMON SENSE DV M Acadiana There I was north of Cankton, Louisiana, listening to Sheryl Cormier and the All Lady Cajun Band. I was on a fact finding mission. My object was to see if Cajuns were real. The band played French music. Lots of fiddle and accordian. The crowd looked like the same good ol' boys I see around the country except for one thing, they understood the words to the songs! They all spoke to each other in French! Thinking it was staged for my benefit, I checked further the next day. Every place I stopped to visit, from Mamou to Delcambre, folks conversed in French. They didn't mind speaking English which also sounded like French, but in fact, was Cajun. They love to hunt and fish and drink beer. Maybe that's why the Louisiana license plate calls itself, 'The Sportsman's Paradise." 0, I was there during the peak of crawfish season. It looked to me like every farmer down there had crawfish traps. They flood their rice fields and put out the traps, 20 or 30 to the acre. They bait them and the next day they wade through the paddies pushing a little crawfish boat which they dump the crawfish traps into. The market was down to 30 cents a pound when I was there so every roadside stand, dairy queen and convenience store was selling crawfish. I ate them until I could walk backwards faster than I could forward! South Louisiana (pronounced sout, like pout, Loozy Anna) is boggy country. It is covered with swamps, bayous, lakes, canals and -*piney woods. On the cleared ground they grow rice, soybeans and a few bug-resistant Brahmas. Oil and minerals add to the economy, but the everyday workin' man is tied to the water. Driving through Acadiana, as the Cajun part of Louisiana is called, is an experience. You pass signs like Bobby Picou for Sheriff, Fontenot's Slaughter House, Robicheaux Funeral Home, Guidrey's One Stop, LaFleur's Pipe Fitting and the Bayou Terrebonne Net Repair. There are a few St. James, St. Martin's and St. Mary's, but it is obvious that the (Continued on page 60) 36 THE FIORID)A CAITLENIAN JUI 1987

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FLOAIDA DRAIIMAN BREEDERS Striving to make the Best Better Kattie's Show Bull 394/1 Dru's Show Heifer 314/1 Kattie's Cow 350/1 and calf For Better Cows you need Better Bulls. We have both. Come by and see for yourself anytime day or night, seven days a week, whether you need Brahmans, Simmental or Braford type bulls or females. REGISTERED BRAHMAN AND CROSSBRED CATTLE PHONE: 305/636-2390 NIGHT: 305/636-6840 o 4125 SOUTH FISKE BLVD o ROCKLEDGE, FLORIDA 32955

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ADAMS RAN CH,, IN P.O. Box 1030, Fort Pierce, Fla. 34954 Member of International Braford Association ER Home of the Crossed Seven Brand Braford Cancer eye is a prevailent and costly disease in some breeds of cattle. During the 1940's and 50's we had herds of crossbred Braham and Hereford cattle that were prone to cancer eye. We did not know if it was contagious, infectious, or hereditary. However, as soon as a lesion was observed the animal was removed from the herd and sent to slaughter. They were not treated and no replacements were saved from these cattle. Most of these animals were lacking eye pigment so replacements (bulls and heifers) were selected with pigmented eyes. Since that time the problem is almost non existant in the Crossed Seven Brafords and is found in less than one cow per thousand. ADAMS RANCH BRAFORD BULLS are good individuals. They are selected from the top 10% of the calf crop and are out of outstanding cows. These bulls are from a rigid selection program of 40 years culling for eye pigment, production, and easy calving. They will transmit these qualities to their calves. They are raised on pasture and will work well under range conditions. Their heat tolerance will keep them with the cows when other bulls have quit. Give us a call: Alto "Bud" Adams, Jr. J.R. Skaggs or Mike Adams office: 305-461-6321 or evenings: 305-461-2758 Braford Cattle B raford Sunny Grove Ranch International Draford Ft. Drum, Florida association Inc. RIP STOREY W. D. RANDALL scito n.Foreman Owner P. 0. Box 2727FoeaOwr FoRT PIERCE. FLoRIo 33454 Tel. 813-763-8816 P.O. Box 1988 [3051 461-6409 Orlando, FL 32802 It has been proven time and time again that a regular advertising pro74 gram will help your personal sales efforts. And, whether you are selling purebred livestock or other products related to the livestock industry, the u litt e ina il, best way to reach all of Florida's inAND LIVESTOCK JOURNAL dustry is in The Florida Cattleman. KISSIMMEE FLA 32741 Let us help.KISM EFA324 Court ruling on property rights praised A recent decision by the United States Supreme Court declaring that property owners must be compensated when new zoning regulations unreasonably restrict use of land-even temporarily-is a milestone victory for property owners, according to Florida Farm Bureau Federation's legal counsel. "Farmers and all other owners of private property have reason to be elated at this decision," said Farm Bureau General Counsel Scottie Butler. "The decision is a signal victory for the citizens and landowners of this state and this country. The court, by this decision, has preserved private property rights, the very bedrock upon which this country was founded." Butler noted that Farm Bureau, the state's largest general interest agricultural organization, has worked long and hard to protect landowners' rights against the encroachments of unfair restrictions on land use. He said the high court's decision "is extremely fitting during this bicentennial year of the United States' Constitution. It shows that the restraints imposed on the government by our founding fathers still work. "We know this will go against the grain of many zealous groups that would impose a modern-day type of servitude on landowners," said Butler. "The decision gives landowners recourse against defacto confiscation of property by governments and their agencies through onerous restraints on property use." The Supreme Court ruling in a suit brought by a church in California was based on the Fifth Amendment, which states that private property may not "be taken for public use, without just compensation." Florida breeders buy Longhorns The top selling cow at the South Eastern Texas Longhorn Sale, held recently at Montgomery, Alabama, was purchased by Richard and June Mathews of Brooksville. The Mathews' paid $2100. The second top selling cow in the sale was purchased by Florida breeders Nathe and Gude of Dade City. Join your local county Cattlemen's Association. 38 iTHE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN JUl1 1987

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Weaning EBV-106 M20 is a prime example of a consistent performer. Being sired by 469L, a Weaning and Yearling Weight Trait Leader and out of a super-milking Victor Domino cow with 212, 678, 859 and J3 Victor bulls in her pedigree is impressive, but there is more. At eight Florida shows in 1986-87, M20 was named calf champion seven times, reserve grand champion two times and grand champion three times, plus being named Florida's Premier Polled Hereford Bull. He is a "Consistent Performer," in the pasture, on the scales, or in the showring. Bob Reed, owner 1116 N. Edgewood Ave. Jacksonville, FL 32205 Certified & Accredited APHA Guidelines Maternal EBV-103 RDR ROBERT 469L M20 X23071738-Calved: Dec. 2, 1985-Tattoo: RE M20: LE M20RDR Klondike Banner .691, X21830773 t3Tt1'ri.99'y RDR Donna (.4 115 X22236 1 11 PL justa Banner (1,SD'1'1,:WYM''P Klondike W ilma 55211 HWJ Victor 212 G4 IWJ Victoria 859:387 PRL 7 Bet 517B Hur oc11 M IBonni 2(1X Klondi~ke A9 One 91 A Klondike Prness 8911 In9. Victor .S 212 IWI V9caora 68 332 RWj Victor23 859 II WJ Miss Iol 056 Dean Bush, manager Rt. 1, Box 173 Bryceville, FL 32009 904/879-2476, 904/786-3220 S3IVDE tA Home of the 1986-87 Florida Premier Polled Hereford Bull and Exhibitor Awards.

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Connor calls for Bang's cooperation Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner made special appearances at two meetings recently held by the Florida Brucellosis Information Committee. Conner addressed a meeting on June 3 at Bartow, and on June 4 at Arcadia. Large numbers of cattle producers turned out for both meetings to get the latest word on the brucellosis eradication program in Florida. Conner emphasized that significant progress has been made and the intensified effort is still underway to reduce the infection rate in south Florida, the remaining "C" area of the state. He said that only two states remain with "C" classifications-Florida and Louisiana. The "C" class is the lowest classificiation, indicating the highest herd infection rate, in the nation. Important dates emphasized at the meeting were October 1, 1988, and October 1, 1990. Conner said that the 1988 date is the deadline to bring all of Florida to the "B" classification, and the 1990 date is deadline for "A" classification. The Commissioner also said that several states are still planning to refuse to accept Florida cattle (or any cattle from any "C" state) as of July 1. The latest number of states expected to join the ban on cattle from "C'' states is 23. Conner called for the cooperation of all cattle producers to expidite the testing program in order to reduce the herd infection rate as soon as possible. "If we want to continue to sell our cattle for top prices we must move forward with the program," he said. Conner was introduced at both meetings by past FCA presidents. Al Bellotto of Lakeland did the honors in Polk County, and Kayo Welles, Arcadia, introduced Conner in DeSoto County. The meetings were coordinated by Ed Richey, extension veterinarian for the University of' Florida, and chairman of the Florida Brucellosis Information Committee. Paul Beckton, DVM, Tallahassee, was also on hand at both meetings to answer questions about the program. Massey-Ferguson tractors with manufacturing plants in the U.S., United Kingdom, France and Italy, reported that between them they earned a trading profit last year of $46.9 (U.S.) million. LOCAL CATTLEMEN showed a lot of interest in the brucellosis program at a meeting in Polk County. COMMISSIONER Conner called for cooperation to move forward with the program. AL BELLOTTO said Florida's calf market depends on the state's ability to move cattle. MANAGING herds to minimize brucellosis was covered by Ed Richey. QUESTIONS about Florida's program were answered by Paul Beckton. 40 / THE FLORIDA CATLEMAN ,JULY 1987

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Don't just think of what IvIoddd eiminates, but what it creates. Killmore parasites that steal nutrition from the cows and you could get more calves. Even a genetically sound cow can have trouble recycling, breeding, and carrying a calf if she's been damaged by parasites or been forced to compete with parasites for her nutrition. That's one reason many producers have had to settle for fewer calves and lower weaning weights than are possible. For this reason, considering what a calf is worth, it makes good business sense to control as many of these costly parasites as you can. Which treatment offers you the most control? Well, look at the chart and judge for yourself And keep in mind that Ivomec (ivermectin) works more effectively. As you can see, even if you combine a wormer with a pour-on, you'll still miss many of the parasites that Ivomec* gets, including the immatures that can develop after treatment with other products. In this way Ivomec eliminates a lot of the uncertainty associated with those other products, and creates a better opportunity to increase production. NUMBER OF PARASITES CONTROLLED IVOMEC* TRAMISOL* WARBEX* MATURE WORMS 13 9 IMMATURE WORMS 11 0 LICE 3 -3 GRUBS 2 2 MANGE 2 -0 IOTAL 31 14 IVOMECS CONTROLS MORE PARASITES COMPARED TO OTHER BRANDS. To find out more about what this advantage can mean to your profits, ask your veterinarian or local dealer about Ivomec* the convenient injectable with the wide margin of safety 0 MSD AGVET, Division ofMerck &Co. Inc. Rahway, NJ 065-0912. 1 ISA I\OM4C* (wrmenn ) nisrgisrdtrademrk ofMerck &Co.,Inc, Rahway, NJ 07065, Copy ight 1)87 Merck & Co. Inc. 101,n NJ 0 065, USA, All rights reserved.1VB-7-06015-AA *g TM AmrcaiCanmdCo

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Santa Gertrudis Breeders Plan World Congress The Fourth International Santa Gertrudis World Congress will be in Brisbane, Australia, August 2-7, 1987. Over 150 cattle breeders and other interested persons from the United States have signed up for the Congress. In addition to the United States and Australia, Santa Gertrudis breeders from Brazil, Colombia, Argentina, South Africa, Zimbawae and other countries will attend. Highlights planned by the Australian Santa Gertrudis Breeders Association include a tour to the Gold Coast, trips to Togoolawah for the Robenlea Ranch Sale and to Macquarie Downs for the King Ranch Sale, the Royal Livestock Show in Brisbane, harness racing and a polo match. Many distinguished speakers will participate in World Congress seminars. The group from the United States departs July 30, from San Francisco and returns from Brisbane August 8. Several post-Congress tours of Australia and New Zealand are offered by the Australian Santa Gertrudis Breeders Association. The First International Santa Gertrudis Congress was held in Australia in 1975, the second in Sao Paulo, Brazil in 1978, and the third in Dallas, Texas, in 1981. The congress is open to all interested persons. For more information, contact: Santa Gertrudis Breeders International, Box 1257, Kingsville, Texas 78364, 512-592-9357. Black Bull females bring top prices Black Bull Cattle Company's first private treaty female sale, patterned after its annual "Opening Day" fall bull sale, saw 15 pairs claimed at a $1467 average, with two fall 1986 heifers, split from their dams, selling at $750 each. The sale was held at Benton, Mississippi. Top selling pair was a Lundell of Wye daughter, safe in calf to Black Bull B and M, with a November DIETRICH'S Flying D Ranch, Orlando, showed the grand champion bull at the Southeastern Santa Gertrudis Breeders Futurity, held recently at Lawrenceville, Georgia. The winner, Doubloon Stuff D562, competed against cattle from eight states. Black Bull Top Gun heifer at side. Joe Feduccia of Monticello, Mississippi was the buyer at $2050. Second top was a Black Bull Top Gun daughter, safe in calf to 4S Ponderosa. She went to Wayne Goodnite of Senatobia, Mississippi, for $1250, with her October Rito 9J9 heifer claimed at $750 by Claire Evans of Greenwood, Mississippi. Volume buyers were Goodnite and Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, Alabama. Progressive Genetics .your Full-Service Reproduction facility featuring Custom Semen Collection, Embryo Transfer and Custom Breeding Services. For further information please contact: P.O. Box 1378 Bartow, Florida 33830 813/533-4196 and 294-9262 A Division of Stuart Family Partnership 44 IHE FL.ORIDA CAA TEMAN JULY 1987

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SANTA GERTRUDIS BULLS: THE CROSSBREEDING ADVANTAGE To succeed in today's cattle industry, you need the crossbreeding advantages of Santa Gertrudis bulls: high percentage calf crop ease of calving calves with heavy weaning weights calves with fast, efficient feedlot gains optimum weights, lean carcasses superior replacement daughters Santa Gertrudis Crossbred Replacement Santa Gertrudis bulls give that extra hybrid vigor, meaning top performance in the traits that add up to more pounds of lean beef and more profit. Santa Gertrudis bulls have the proven crossbreeding advantages to succeed in today's industry. SANTA GERTRUDIS BREEDERS INTERNATIONAL Box 1257, Kingsville, 'exas 78364 512-592-9357

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Short course underscores needed change '[he beef industry is changing. Topics covered at the 1987 Beef Cattle Short Course underscored the many changes ahead for all phases of the business. One of the largest crowds in recent years turned out for the event, held May 6-8, at the Gainesville Hilton at Gainesville. Speakers from all segments of the beef industry were on the program to tell their side of the story. Dr. Roger West, chairman of the animal science department at the University of Florida, set the stage for the program. West said traditionally, beef producers haven't been giving consumers much of a choice. "We've been selling what we're producing rather than producing what we can sell," he said. West said modern consumers want quality with less fat, and a variety of different products. Dr. Ken Tifertiller, vice president for agriculture affairs at the University, said that agricultural research is now being targeted for other areas outside of production. "We will continue to place emphasis on production, but we will also be looking at many other areas," he said. Tifertiller said that issues such as environment, water quality, taxes, regulation, etc., are issues that must be dealt with by farmers and ranchers and some of the external issues that will receive attention in the future. He said four broad problems being worked on in Florida include the genetic improvement of plants and animals, pest problems, water ctuality and efficiency, and nutrition. FCA president Arky Rogers, Lake City, noted that the beef business is getting better for producers. He pointed out that market prices are much higher than in recent years, and that demand for replacemflents heifers is increasing. Rogers also called for all cattlemen to join FCA and work together for a better future. Packers, feeders, order buyers, producers, breed representatives, and researchers appeared on the program during the three day seminar. Nlost agreed that the efficient production of high quality lean beef will be a must for the industry in the future. A FEEDER CALF pricing demonstration was conducted by (I-r) Ronnie Thomas, Williston, Don Wakeman, Gainesville, and Eddie Lumpkin, Okeechobee, during the Short Course, NEW programs were outlined by Ken Tifertiller. ARKY Rogers represented FCA at the Short Course. ROGER West noted a need for change. PREMIER AWARDS for the 1986-87 show season were accepted at the Short Course by (1-r) Fred Dietrich, A.E. (Doc) Whaley, Junior Spencer, Bobby Clemons, Melody and Dean Bush, and Tommy Lee. 46 II Fi TORII DA CA I IL EM A N 11 L 1987

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LORD ROUNDUP FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND CONSUMER SERVICES 4 -,FLORIDA AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS SERVICE, USDA LIVESTOCK OUTLOOK Prices of Florida feeder cattle remained steady during May while fed cattle prices advanced sharply. Medium No. I feeder steers in Florida, 400-500 lbs. averaged $75-82. Medium No. 1 600-700 lb. steers closed at $65-69 the same as the March average. Florida Utility cow prices averaged $42-$47 in May, down $1 from the previous month. The May cattle on feed report (7 States), showed total numbers were Lip 2 percent from a year ago but 4 percent below May 1, 1985. Marketings of fed cattle during April were down 3 percent from last year and I percent less than April two years ago. Placements of cattle and calves oit feed during April were 10 percent above last year and 22 percent above April 1985. This year's placement is the highest during April since 1972 when 7 States estimates were begun. I Ieavy placements of cattle on feed, including more heifers than last year, indicate that national cattle herd liquidation is continuing. The major question at this time is producers' plais for the fall. In any event, the continued large placements point to probable relatively high feeder and fed cattle prices next year. So the bottom line is: Fed cattle prices in Omaha should average $66-67 in July, and $6263 in tie latter part of the summer. Feeder cattle prices in Florida for Medium No. I's, 400-500 lbs., should average $75-83 in July, $68-75 in August, and $65-72 in October. Slaughter cow prices are expected to average $39-45 in July, $36-44 in August, and $34-42 in October. Price Ranges-Actual and Projected Omaha Florida 900-1100 400-500 lb. 600-700 lb. Pound Feeder Steers Feeder Steers Year .Utility andl Choice Sltr. Month Steers Med. I Med. 2 Med. I Med. 2 Cows Dollars per cwt. 1986 Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. 1987 Feb. Mar. Apr. May Projected .1 1i. A img. Oct. 58.99 59.44 59.49 61.30 59.82 58.79 61.02 61.58 66.70 70.66 60-68 64-72 60-67 60-67 59-66 63-70 71-78 74-83 75-83 75-82 56-61 54-65 56-63 57-63 55-62 57-64 63-72 67-76 69-76 65-70 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 66-67 73-80 65-73 NA 62-63 68-75 60-68 NA 62-63 65-72 61-68 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 33-39 29-37 33-38 33-38 34-39 36-44 39-46 42-48 43-48 42-47 39-45 36-44 34-42 SOURCE: Jatnes R. Simpson, Cooperative Extension Service Average Prices Received, Effective Parity and Percent of Parity for Livestock, U.S., May 1986 and 1987 Prices Parity Avg. Prices Received Prices as %7 of Parity I ten 1986 1987 1986 1987 1986 1987 Dols. per Cwt. Bleef Cattle 51.00 64.90 Calkes 58.00 77.60 IAlogs 45.80 54.30 Dols. per Cwt. 100.00 102.00 115.00 119.00 84.30 84.80 Percent 51 64 50 65 54 64 Average Prices Received through 13 Florida Auctions May 1986 and 1987 Grade 1986 1987 Grade 1986 1987 Dollars Per Cwt. Dollars Per Cwt. Slaughter Calves over 250 lbs. Stocker Calves over 300 lbs. Choice 50.87 70.22 Medium #1 58.79 81.04 Good 45.47 56.24 Large #1 56.83 80.90 Standard --Medium #2 51.56 72.87 Large #2 48.33 70.33 Small #1 52.31 72.08 Small #2 44.66 64.39 All Grades 49.66 69.60 All Grades 53.05 75.83 Slaughter Cows Stocker Cows Commercial 34.17 Utility 34.02 Cutter 31.13 Canner 26.25 All Grades 32.61 44.33 43.75 40.28 34.72 42.01 1 2 3 All Grades 34.15 31.16 29.55 44.16 40.66 42.90 31.84 42.06 SOURCE: FDA & CS, Division of Marketing, Bureau of Market News. Average Prices, Dollars per Cwt. Slaughter Steers, Omaha Week Choice Choice Good Ended (900-1100 Lbs.) (1100-1300 Lbs.) (900-1100 Lbs.) 1986 1987 1986 1987 1986 1987 Mar. 28 55.50 63.42 56.69 64.71 50.00 58.50 Apr. 25 53.40 67.42 54.30 68.67 48.80 59.58 May 30 54.50 70.50 55.50 72.00 54.50 56.00 Slaughter Cows, Omaha Week Com'l Utility Cutter Ended 1986 1987 1986 1987 1986 1987 Mar. 28 37.25 48.00 38.38 47.12 36.81 45.00 Apr. 25 36.45 44.50 37.05 47.38 36.40 42.62 May 30 41.00 41.00 42.00 41.00 40.50 40.00 SOURCE: U.S.D.A.-AMS Imported Boneless Beef on Which Duty Is Paid Fresh & Frozen, Florida and U.S., 1984-86 February January-February Year Change Change Calendar Quantity from Quantity from year received prey. year received prey. year Florida: 1984 1985 1986 U. S. 1984 1985 1986 1000 Pounds 10,524 8,832 7,334 1000 Percent Pounds 25 16 17 17,240 21,583 13,729 1000 Percent Pounds -35 + 25 -36 75,638 -17 161,517 -14 93,956 + 24 204,191 + 26 108,315 + 15 207,779 + 2 108,286 109,379 1,212,499 1,292,413 SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce 48 HIE FLORIDA CATITEMAN .lY 1987

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We Use the Best for You! Cherokee Overdrive Ringo 22 We think our herdsires speak for themselves. The bulls used in our breeding program are some of the best in the country. We not only have offspring available from these bulls but also semen to breed to your own cows. Come by the ranch and let us show you our program. McTyre Farms Live Oak, FL John & Patty McTyre 904-364-5811 Owners

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Performance Tested Santa Gertrudis Cattle GEMINI SPRINGS FARMS J. Charles and Sandra Gray, owners 37 Dickson Dr. DeBary, Fl. 32713 Ph. (305) 668-6486 Champion Polled Santa Gertrudis Cattle DIETR ICH'S FLYING D RANCH 10 Seminole Tr. -Ph. 305-568-2351 Orlando, Florida 32820 CLAUSSEN CATTLE CO. Magruder Plantation M,d,1k, GA :1(144 1 HEN Y H CLAUSSEN JESSE BAILEY Bar Jon's Santa Gertrudis John & Barbara Maxwell 6550 NW 83rd Terrace Parkland, FL 33067 Phone: 305/421-4043 SERVICE. Fertilizers, herbicides, nutritional sprays, ammonium nitrate and sulphur products. CALL LYKES0AGRI SALES, INC. DADE CITY EATON PARK (904) 567-5622 1(800) 282-4431 FT. PIERCE (305) 465-5616 (813) 665-2332 LAKE PLACID (813) 465-4127 AMIE M. HOLLEY purchased the top selling heifer at the junior Santa Gertrudis heifer sale. The animal was consigned by John McTyre, president of FSGA. First Junior Gert Sale held The first annual Florida Santa Gertrudis Sale and Futurity was kicked off on April 4 at Gemini Springs Farm, DeBary. The sales saw 16 lots average $885.31 and gross $14,165. Heifers in the sale ranged in age from about six to 15 months. The futurity show will be held in the spring of 1988 with at least $4000 available in prize money. All heifers purchased at the first sale will be eligible to compete in the show. Amie M. Holley, a junior member from Arcadia, purchased the high selling heifer for $1500. The 14 month old heifer was consigned by McTyre Farms, Live Oak. Second high selling heifer was consigned by Stage Coach Ranch, Dade City, and purchased by Danny Blackford, Bartow, for $1400. An auction of special donated items was held during the sale to help finance a trip for Florida Junior Santa Gertrudis members to the National Junior Heifer Show at Lake Charles, Louisiana in June. The event was hosted by Gemini Springs owners Charles and Saundra Gray. Mr. and Mrs. John McTyre, owners of McTyre Farms, organized and managed the sale. Fred Dietrich, Orlando, served as auctioneer. Special guest at the event was Bob Wasson, president of Santa Gertrudis Breeders International, Kingsville, Texas. Join your local county Cattlemen's Association. Florida Santa Gertrudis Association For information about todays breed call. John McTyre (Secretary) 904/364-5811 51) TH1E FlORIDA CA TEIMAN / JUIY 1987 STAGE COACH RANCH PURE BRED SANTA GERTRUDIS CATTLE Qaulity Santa Gertrudis Always Available Herd #374 Bruc. & TB Free Ranch located on Hwy. 581 between Dade City & Brooksville Commercial Cattle Also Available Julia M. Pittman, Owner Don Robertson Dennis Butler Manager Herdsman P.O. Box 421 Dade City, FL 34297 904-567-7040 Office 904-588-3711 Ranch BEEF GIVES STRENGTH Purebred anta Gertrudis Performance Tested Sharyn Ann Farms Days: (904)879-4204 Box 190 .Route 3 Evenings: (904)268-1276 Callahan, FL 32011 Registered Santa Gertrudis Pure Bred 9 Top Bloodlines Visitors Welcome SUWANNEE POINT RANCH Branford, Florida 32008 Carroll Hall Lloyd Thomas Ph: 904/935-1303 Ph: 904/935-1981 CLARK PROPERTIES 'Where Quality Counts" Registered Santa Gertrudis Cattle Certified & Accredited Herd Visitors Welcome Bill & Nadine Clark Deltona, Florida 2865 Appaloosa Trail 904-228-2772 First Amarillo American Livestock Video, Inc. Auction Video services available for Florida cattlemen. Rt. 6, Box 767 Okeechobee, FL 33472 Ph: 813/467-0818

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PREMIER SANTA GERTRUDIS EXHIBITOR We are pleased that our herd won the 1986-87 Premier Exhibitor Award for showing "the most of the best" once again. Our herd has produced more champions than any other herd in the history of Florida. We have been breeding Polled Santa Gertrudis cattle for performance, conformation and pedigree for over 30 years. Premier Miss Tarzan Doubloon D41 3. Twice Premier Champion, 9 times Grand Champion, 15 Division Champions, 15 Best Polled Awards. She represents 7 generations of our selective breeding program. She beat some of the highest priced horned cattle from major western sales. She is bred to Massive 07, the 1987 National Champion. Pico Doubloon Stuff D652. Reserve Premier Champion Bull. 2 Grand Champions, 7 times calf champion. He has 2 more years to be shown. He combines the National Champion Pico bloodline with our Doubloon, Stuff Shirt, and Tarzan bloodlines. 205 day wt. ratio 117 and 365 day wt. ratio 142. Future Sire! / Tarzan Brave Stuff D577. Twice Reserve Grand Champion, 4 times Division Champions. Miss Doubloon Stuff D516. Reserve Grand Champion, 4 Division Champions. Miss Tarzan Doubloon D510. Reserve Grand Champion, 2 Division Champions. OTHER CHAMPIONS: Doubloon Stuff 552 (3 Division Champions); Tarzan Doubloon Stuff D569 (3 Division Champions & 2 Best Polled Awards); Tarzan Doubloon Stuff D567 (2 Division Champions and 5 Best Polled Awards); Tarzan Doubloon Stuff D651 (Reserve Grand Champion and 1 Division Champion); Pico Doubloon Stuff D653 (3 Division Champions); Doubloon Stuff D562 (4 Division Champions and Southeastern Show Champion); Miss Tarzan Doubloon D602 (2 Division Champions). OUR CHAMPION POLLED SANTA GERTRUDIS SIRES Tarzan 102. Show Champion, sire of Show ChamPons including 2 Premier Champions, 14 times Champion Get-of-Sire. Doubloon Stuff D271. 205 day wt. ratio 135, 365 day wt. ratio 131. Show Champion and sire of Show Champions. Full brother to the dam of the Premier Champion Cow. Doubloon D013. 205 day wt. ratio 107, 365 day wt. ratio 109. Show Champion, sire of Champions. He adds thickness! We have an outstanding set of Polled Santa Gertrudis Cattle for sale including our Show Champions. These cattle have outstanding performance, conformation and pedigree. Our Polled Santa Gertrudis can add to any breeding program. We also offer our training and experience in the form of a limited order buying, selling and consulting service. DIETRICH'S FLYING D RANCH Ph. (305) 568-2351, 10 Seminole Trail Orlando, Florida 32820 THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 51

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CONGRATULATIONS FROM NUTRENA FEEDS To these 4-H and F.F.A. members that raised Grand and Reserve Champion steers on a Nutrena Feed Program. KELLY NAULT Grand Champion South West Florida Fair RHONDA RODDENBERRY frnnd rhnmninn 'itrmac tn -ntv Fnir CHAD STEWART Grand Champion Lake County Fair DAVID WARD Grand Champion Hernando County Fair 7R TOCK SAG KIP GOOLSBY rand Chnmninn Hinhiand (n Fair KELLY WILSON Grand Chamnion Indian River County Fair DALLAS DEADWYLER Grand Champion Florida State Fair DOUGLAS WARD Reserve Champion Hernando County Fair 52 lIE FLORIDA CATTLEINIAN JUILY 1987

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STEVE OSTEEN Reserve Champion (F.F.A.) Lake County Fair CLAY BURNS Reserve Champion (4-H) Lake County Fair PETE ZIELINSKI Reserve Grand Champion Southwest Fla Fair CLYDE FRY Reserve Grand Champion Highlands Co. Fair CARL WHITTON Reserve Champion Citrus County Fair Nutrena Feed Division and Nutrena Feed Dealers have supported 4-H and F.F.A. youth in Florida with over $100,000 worth of Steer purchases during the past three years. We congratulate all the young people that successfully completed their Steer Project in 1987. Nutrena@ Feed Division We're with you all the way 4014-40th Street Tampa, Florida 33601 Phone (813) 626-5171 THE FLORIDA CATT I.EMAN / JULY 1987 / 53

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Adaptation is essential for top beef production by L.I. "IKE" SMART Department of Animal Science Louisiana State University A daptation of northern bred cattle to our hot humid southeastern United States has been known to be a problem for years. This has been confirmed in research where cattle were moved from north to south and from south to north in the United States. The statement that cows take a year or two to adapt after being moved has often been used. This report takes a more in-depth look at adaptation through three generations. The report was compiled from 15 years of data from the horned Hereford and Polled Hereford herds at Louisiana State University. The Louisiana State University purebred Hereford and Polled Hereford herds are well suited to this study since a large number of different bulls from the southeast part of the United States and other areas have been used through A.I. Males and females produced in the hot humid southeastern part of the United States (Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and Florida) were classified as southeastern. Texas cattle were not included in southeastern as some problems have occured with cattle from Texas and the numbers were small. The top cows in these herds have been bred to the top bulls in the breed based on performance. Most of the bulls have ranked, according to the National Sire Summary, in the top ten for yearling weight at the time they were used. The top bulls produced at Louisiana State University have averFigure 1 Grand Sire (b) Sire (a) Grand Dam (b) Individual Grand Sire (b) Dam (a) Grand Dam (b) aged 20 pounds heavier at 365 days than those from the northern bred A.I. bulls. This is more impressive when you consider the A.I. bulls used were usually bred to the best cows to produce these bulls. Usually 5 to 10 calves are produced from each northern A.I. bull. If an outstanding bull is produced, he is used in the herd as a yearling. If an outstanding female is produced, a son or grandson of hers is used. Calves are not creep fed and bull calves are fed a bulky ration and developed on pasture after weaning. During the 15 year period, 21 percent fewer of the LSU produced bull's calves were under 900 pounds at 365 days of age. The northern bred bulls produced some outstanding calves but there was more variation and more low end bulls. Some calves will gain very little during the summer. These calves usually spend most of their time panting in the shade of a tree. Most of the better adapted cattle shed their hair coat early in the spring and are very short haired. During the last few years some rectal temperatures have been taken and usually those with the lower temperatures perform better. Variations of 5 to 7 degrees in rectal temperatures are not uncommon. As a general rule those cattle with short hair and low temperatures do better but there is some variation which indicates that more is involved. Bulls differ considerably in their ability to produce calves that will adapt. Some Great Grand Sire () Great Grand Dam (e) Great Grand Sire (c) Great Grand Dam (c) Great Grand Sire (c) Great Grand Dam (c) Great Grand Sire (c) Great Grand Dam (e) Generations used in this report

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Table 1 Wearing Weight (Ibs) %a of Southeastern Breeding Polled Hereford Horned Hereford Avg. Both Herds 0 S and D 398.0(5) 431.5(17) 423.9(22) GS and GD 429.9(11) 428.0(35) 428.5(46) GGS and GGD 433.9(13) 429.8(41) 430.8(54) 50 S and D 482.6(19) 435.3(37) 451.4(56) GS and GD 469.7(19) 466.2(20) 467.9(39) GGS and GGD 470.7(23) 476.6(17) 473.2(40) 100 S and D 465.6(43) 454.7(26) 461.5(69) GS and GD 466.4(20) 471.0(8) 467.6(28) GGS and GGD 478.3(3) 535.5(3) 506.9(6) S and D-Sire and Dam (a) Figure 1 GS and GD-Grandsire and Granddam (b) GGS and GGD. Great Grandsire and Great Granddam (c) northern bulls never produced a calf that would adapt and only two northern bulls produce calves that were all well adpated. Pedigree studies were done on the cattle to determine the percent of southeastern breeding found in each of the first three generations of parents. (Figure 1) Since the first generation could only have 0, 50 or 100 percent and a large percent of the next two generations happen to fall into these three groups, only 0, 50 and 100 percent southeastern breeding was used. Table I shows the actual data and the number of animals represented by that data. Only six animals had 100 percent southeastern breeding in the third generation and data may be higher than it should be. Figure 2 clearly shows the advantage of southeastern breeding into the second generation and some into the third generation. Age at first calf was also considered and those with high percentages of southeastern breeding in the older generations calved 3 to 5 months earlier than those with no southeastern breeding in their pedigree. There may have been greater differences if we had not had limited breeding seasons. This data clearly indicates the advantages of southeastern breeding and selecting cattle produced in this area is very important if maximum production is to be obtained. The purebred breeder may need to add new genetic material to his herd from time to time and cull those that do not work. however, the commercial producer should use bulls produced in his area as much as possible. Junior Limousin show scheduled The Eastern Regional Junior Limousin Heifer Show has been set for June 19-21 at Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Cattle for the show are scheduled to arrive on Friday evening, June 19, with an outdoor pizza party to follow. The junior showmanship competition will begin at 8 a.m. on Saturday morning. Senior showmanship is set for 1 p.m. on Saturday. A state team quiz bowl contest and a junior party and dance will be held at show headquarters on Saturday evening. The Eastern Regional Heifer Show will be held on Sunday morning with all cattle to be released following the conclusion of the show. Join your local Association. county Cattlemen's Figure 2 GGS and GGD (c) GS and GD (b) S and D (a) 100 % Southeastern Breeding 510 500 490 480 470 460 450 440 430 420 50

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For Beefmasters you can rely on, look for the PO. Box 640 Ft. Myers, Florida 33902 (813) 334-3255 or (813) 93-5559 ADVERTISE Promote BEEF every day. Support Your Florida Beef Council "D lolwda 33880 1k C 1i2 k 813 293 7862 [k~lI I, 1 O Mr and M Mr and M 904/579-46. ,jCREEK BEEFMASTERS rs. Mack Glass Horace Shup R 7 Box 5 41Marianna, FL 32446 A FLORIDA BREEDER was recently elected vice president of Foundation Beetmaster Association. Dr. William Broussard, Crescent J Ranch, Melbourne, (fourth from right) was elected at the group's annual meeting at Las Vegas, Nevada. Other board members of the association are (1-r) Diego Gutierrez, Laredo, Texas; Stuart Dixon, Matador, Texas; Joyce Campbell. Wimberley, Texas; Shelby Phillips Ill, Deming, New Mexico; Dean R. Stephens, Salt Lake City, Utah; Steve Flake, Snowflake, Arizona; Bev Sparrowk, Clements, California; Broussard; Oran Tracy (President), Virgil, Kansas; Ralph Wheatley, McCammon, Idaho; O.C. Rampley, Silverton, Texas; and Richard A. Springs 111, Adrian, Oregon (not pictured). SEBBA 'Sale of Sales' hits $2035 average on 64 lo The Coastal Plains Experimental Station Sale Pavilion at Tifton, Georgia was the site for the Annual Southeastern Beefmaster Breeders Association "Sale of Sales" held Friday, April 10, 1987. The sale showed a very strong demand as thirty-two buyers from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and West Virginia paid a gross of $130,250 on 64 lots of Beefmaster cattle to average $2035. The complete breakdown of the sale showed: 7 bulls grossed $16,100 to average $2300; 16 3-in-l's grossed $33,950 to average $2121; 17 pairs grossed $34,200 to average $2011.76; 12 bred heifers grossed $27,600 to average $2300; 10 open heifers grossed $14,400 to average $1440 and two pregnant recipients grossed $4000 to average $2000. The high selling lot was a bred heifer consigned by Zipperer Beefmasters of Fort Myers. The February '85 Jeff Davis daugher, safe in calf to King Cotton sold to Tawassee Farms of Steele, Alabama, on a bid of $5000. Second high seller was a young bull consigned by Banner Lee of Pavo, Georgia and selling to Turnbull Creek Ranch of St. Augustine on a bid of $4000. Other high sellers included two pregnant recipients carrying pregnancies by Tailor Made and Crofts 49/5 consigned by W.M. Marsh of Arcadia, and selling to Tawassee Farms of Steele, Alabama. A 3-in-1 package featuring a 1981 Magee bred cow with a heifer calf at side by 007/3 sold to Fred Sumner of Enigma, Georgia on a bid of $3300. Another 3-in-i consigned by Fred Jones of Olive Hill, Kentucky sold to Cypress Pond Beefmasters of Lorida, for $3200. Volume buyers were Wallace Adams, Glenwood, Georgia; Peter Rossi, Monticello; Tawassee Farms, Steele, Alabama; L S Beefmasters, Sebring; Turnbull Creek Ranch, St. Augustine, and Ed Campbell, Chiefland. Auctioneer was Gerald Bowie, West Point, Georgia. Sale Manager was Charlie Bradbury, Superior Cattle Sales, Huntsville, Texas. Join your local county Cattlemen's Association. 56 THE F1 ORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 r K HJTSON anCattle CoN THE VERY BEST IN BEEFMASTERS David & Pat Hutson Rt. 2, Box 10 Elkton, FL 32033 (904) 692-2224 -(904) 824-9265 Keith Simmons, Mgr. Home (904) 284-4691 =Mll

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Kissimmee Beef master Rounchup Sale SATURDAY, AUGUST 1ST AT 10:00 A.M. to be held at Kissimmee Valley Livestock How & Fairgrounds, Inc. Located at 1901 East Vine St. m Kissimmee, Florida 0 305/846-6046 FEATURING 90 BEEFMASTER LOTS Bulls, 3-h's, Pars, Breds & Opens From the JOHNSON BEEFMASTER Larry Johnson SMALLWOOD BEEFMASTER Ted Smallwood KINGHORN Bill & Peggy Kinghorn LAZY J BAR Rolph Jones Herds of These Consignors: LS BEEFMASTER BLUE BIRD Lee & Shaun Woods Roger Harloff CYPRESS POND SUNDOWN BEEFMASTERS Peter Summers Kip Pierce GAMBLE CREEK SUTHERLAND BEEFMASTER Bob Grebe Rocky Sutherland PRO BEEFMASTERS Gene Prough RalphJonesGene rou\ Sale Manager Fred Thompson Bruce Robbins 12011 Huebner Rd., Suite 118 San Antonio, TX 78230 512/558-6121 Auctioneer: Gerald Bowie A BBU Approved Sale OFFICIAL HH Sale Headquarters HOLIDAY INN 2145 East Vine St. Kissimmee, FL 32741 305/846-464 0 THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JUNE 1987 / 57

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GENE GENE THOMPSON .BEEFMASTERS P.O. Box 337 McNeill, Mississippi 39457 (601) 798-6502 residence Steve Hill, Herdsman (601) 798-1313 CARTER BEEFMASTERS "Quality with Quantity" JMC Ranch 1053 Sunset Dr., Lake Wales, Fl. 33853 John & Martha Carter Owner. Mack Padgett, Mgr. Ph: 813/676-1474 Ph: 813/638-1985 Ranch located 3 mi. west of US 27 on SR 640 Specialists in Beefmaster Cattle Iso Cattle co-Z nic Box 60327. San Angelo TX 76906 Laurie Lasater 915/949-3763 -LazyII Beefmasters Div. Billy Rogers Corp. Pete Marks, Mgr. Scott Cauthen Off. 305-436-1553 Herdsman Res. 305-436-1633 305-436-1489 Star Rt. Box 880 Kenansville, FL 32739 Joe & Julia Jordan Private Treaty Sales" ROUTE I BOX 307-A Home (904) 842-2065 LIVEOAK, FLOFIDA 32060 Office (904) 362-4724 BEEF GIVES STRENGTH Blue BirdHarloff Beefrmasters Quarter Horses Roger Harlof f -owner P)0 -Yx n8713,,d nton, Florias '1350 Wayne Watson, manager IL 1, Box A4I, I .is. r 35 Pra4 W [ !e eromac Evs. 813 -77 -4 Item One: Farm Labor! Unemployment Compensation For several years, farm labor advocates and church groups have been lobbying to bring all agricultural workers under the Unemployment Compensation umbrella. Current law provides that employers of ten or more agricultural workers with a gross quarterly payroll of twenty thousand dollars or more, must pay Unemployment Compensation. Thus, all major growers are currently paying the 2.7% for U.C. coverage. For the last couple of years, the prime legislative sponsors have been Senator Jack Gordon and Representative Sam Bell. They had a quaranteed shot at the issue every other year when the major foreign worker employers had to come back to the legislature for a renewal of the foreign worker exemption from U.S. Recent changes in Federal law lead to a circumstance where this year the U.C. exemption for foreign workers could be "secured" for a five year time window. The Farm Bureau, whom we took our lead from on this issue, had earlier determined that they could support up to five or more workers and a ten thousand dollar or more quarterly wage. That agreement was reached early, and then the farm worker advocates began wheeling and dealing on the House side and announced that they had a deal to lower the threshold to four or more and nine thousand dollars in '89, and three or more and eight thousand dollars in '90. Other parties who had gotten drawn into the issue (non-ag folks) bought off on that, but the sequential threshold of reductions were never approved by the ag folks. As a part of the play, independent bills raising the maximum weekly compensation from $175 to $200, and the H-2 extension for the foreign workers, were folded into the bill lowering the threshold, and the entire package was then marketed as "having been signed off on by everybody." When the combined package came before the Senate Appropriations Committee this week, Senator Wayne Hollingsworth unloaded on Senator Jack Gordon and blew him out of the water. Wayne accused Gordon of misrepresenting facts to him on the Senate floor, when he persuaded Wayne to withdraw the bill without a hearing in the Agricultural Committee, and that the agricultural folks had never signed off on the sequential thresholds. After some heated debate, the committee overwhelmingly went with Wayne on a voice vote to remove all of the language lowering the thresholds. Gordon then tried to withdraw the bill from further consideration, which would have killed the increase in maximum benefit and the H-2 provisions, a modest little effort to have the tail wag the dog. Pat Thomas stepped in and advised Gordon that since it was now a committee substitute, it was no longer his bill and he was unable to withdraw it from further consideration. Gordon cried "foul," and the twitty birds from the press corps gathered 'round to lap up his exudate. The fight isn't over yet, but Wayne won big in this round. Item Two: Meat Labeling The FCA sponsored Meat Labeling Bill, sponsored by Senator Wayne Hollingsworth, cleared the Senate Tuesday on a unanimous vote. The champion measure has been stuck in Representative Hamilton Upchurch's judiciary committee on the House side. Ham had committed early on to bring it to the floor, but of late his staff had been blowing smoke on the issue and things were getting mighty confused. As this is written, we have overcome staff arguments on the House side, and it appears that we will get that bill out and up early next week, but there ain't no guarantees. Item Three: Officer and Director Liability The oft-amended CS/SB 1096 finally cleared the House this week and went back to the Senate, where the Senate added seven "technical amendments." As this is written, it still has to go back to the House for approval of the Senate amendments, which is expected, and the provision impacting FCA remains intact. The essential feature of the bill of interest to us is that it exempts officers and directors of most nonprofit corporations from liability for act or omissions in good faith. That greatly reduces the individual's and association's exposure to frivolous lawsuits or litigation deriving from "act-of-God" kinds of occurrences. The insurance industry will likely re58 THE FLORIDA CATTIENIAN / JULY 1987 R00ftr~ Wf 7444"e by PATRICK M. McCAFFREY Governmenial Affairs Director

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spond that they cannot lower rates for liability coverage until they see what kind of experience they have under the new law and whether or not the courts will sustain this law. In that instance, it may be helpful to recall that there have been no court cases in Florida holding non-profit officers and directors liable for good faith activities. With no loss record in Florida, it is difficult to understand justification for the 100% plus increases in O/D liability of the last year or two. Item Four: Glitches Tax Bill The long awaited "Glitches" bill from Bud Gardner's House F & T Committee, designed to correct the "minor" flaws in the big sales tax bill, finally emerged mid-week. The Senate version is still under wraps. The bill was tentatively slated for floor discussion Wednesday afternoon, but was pulled when leadership discovered that it would have a 70 million dollar impact. Their initial run had suggested an impact in the $2-30 million range, and they were both shocked and embarrassed to receive the $70 million dollar estimate. There was some immediate kneejerking and navel twitching by the ag group when we found language removing the existing exemption on leased agricultural property. The exemption is recreated a few pages further in the bill, but in its new form, the exemption applies to a person engaged in the business of renting, leasing, letting or granting a license for use. In effect, the exemption has been transferred from the leasee to the leasor. In practical effect, there doesn't appear to be a significant change, and there should be no tax on the leasing of agricultural lands. However, we will be pursuing this issue over the weekend in order to be sure we understand the subtleties of it. We are making progress, though the issue is not yet resolved, on whether or not the tax applies to agricultural services not included in the SIC codes. Committee staff agrees that the tax is applied only to services listed in the SIC codes, and then those services specifically listed as exempt are not taxed. Services not listed in the code are not available to be taxed. They argue that existing language in the bill clarifies that issue. I'm not convinced of that. We will continue to pursue this issue, and will push to have some clarifying language included in the Glitch Bill. The original bill has a great deal of cross-referencing among the various (Continued on page 60) Hot Dip Galvanized Tube Gates U11nivarsit Recommndedlac4 1 uare Corners y RUGGED HEAVYWEIGHT TUBULAR CONSTRUCTION Charles T. Tucker ~CT TUCKER BEEFMASTERS B 8 11 0 Box 9 %nler Garden Florda (2787 U 0 M / 6i J(S~ #87 OuMuuster Catle, CHARLES YOUNT Auctioneer Industrial Park Road Sweetwater, TN 37874 615-337-6625 ott 615-337-6166 res. Advertising Aids Your Personal Salesmanship Contact any of our fieldmen for full details. (jatiema Q AND LESTOCK JOURNAL Kissimmee, Fla. 32741 |Tm |K 77 -af Quality Steel Panel Gater HOT-SHOT Trailers Now in Stock Valley Enterprises, Inc. 129 E. Townsend St. P.O. Box 938 Wauchula, FL 33873 (813) 773-4200 or 773-9363 Specializing in Heavy Duty Trailers Stock Trailers Equipment Trailers Dual Tandems WHY SETTLE FOR LESS THAN THE BEST Pre-fab processing areas, hydraulic squeeze chuten and dipping vatsa Trojan baa a one year waany ona parts Troan chutes have grease zerts in all linkage, chutes are available for single phase or three phase electricity. We no longer have a Florida representative. All sales, service and parts will be handled through our office and plant at Weatherford, Ok. TROJAN LIVESTOCK EQUIPMENT, INC. P.O. Box 453 WEATHERFORD, OK. 73096 Plant: 405/772-7724 Office:405/772-2146 THII LOdiD)A (ATTIULEMAN / JULY 1987 / 59 q1

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9Z& -* "Once cowboying gets in your blood, there's nothing to do but laugh about it!" Send Fresh Horses is a hilarious collection of 26 episodes in the life of today's modern cowboy that quickly dispenses with any misconceptions about romance on the range, or the joys of running a ranch, or the mystique of powerbrokering in the Halls of Congress. As you turn the pages of SendFresh Horses, you will find yourself first giggling, then laughing, and finally guffawing over the absurdities and miscalculations of this curious lifestyle-business. Order Copies of Send Fresh Horses Today! .-.-.-.-.-..---.--.S'd Your chck with this order blank to: Portfolio Publishing Company, Inc. P.O. Box 7802 The Woodlands, Texas 77387 Copies, hardcover @ S12.95 each _ Copies, paperback @ S7.05 each ___ 7eads r,'sidenits add S al, tax -Shipping I landling chargli si e 5 TOTA L__ Name City State Zip Aake checks payable to: Portfolio Publishing Company, Inc. Report (Continued from page 59) sections of the bill, and we have been attempting to "creatively" adjust some of that cross-referencing as an effort to clarify and strengthen exemptions, particularly in segments relating to transportation of agricultural commodities. That process has become sufficiently bothersome to committee staff that they are now proposing to remove the "original identity" language which has generated a large amount of the confusion and uncertainty we have been trying to correct. On top of responding to the emerging Glitches Bill, we have been heavily involved with the Department of Revenue for the last week and a half in their rules development process. The original tax bill granted them authority to impose emergency rules, which is what they are developing at this point. They subsequently will have until the end of the year to develop a final set of rules for implementing progress in that arena. In large measure, what progress we have made is attributable to our cooperative efforts through the Commissioner's office. Acadiana (Continued f-oin page 36) French are the ethnic minority. Nobody named O'Meara or Johannsen was running for office. Other things that left a distinct impression were oyster po boys, bon temps, Atchafalaya Swamp Freeway, Canal Gas, dirty rice, free kittens, houses up on blocks, cemeteries that looked like little tovns, cane poles, thin cattle, hungry dogs, roadside stands that take food stamps, drivein liquor by the drink, shrines in the front yard, rusty farm equipment, Speedy 0. Long for Governor, French speaking disk jockeys, good horses, bait shops, the mighty Mississippi, ag chemical plants, crawfish e tufe, alligator meat, moss on the trees, oyster shell driveways, the Power House of Deliverence Baptist Church, Thibodeaux Savings & Loan and Dolly's Lounge and Feed Store (baby chicks and cold beer to go). They were as friendly a folks as I've ever met. I figger a Cajun is just a cowboy who's been dipped in swamp water, baked in the bayou and slathered with Tabasco sauce. e Smooth wire fence systems Electronic cattle scales Hay vans No till drills Chapco Star Rt. Box 963 Kenansville, FL 32739 305/892-6447 Appraisals Groves -RanchesLivestock JOHN W. HUNT, CA-S, ARA Accredited Rural Appraiser BARTOW REALTY, INC. 650 W. Main Street Off. Ph. (813) 533-0869 Bartow, Florida 33830 After Hrs. (813) 537-1305 ALL TYPES OF LIVESTOCK, FERTILIZER AND HEAVY EOiuIPMENT 3 DIMENSIONAL SAN DBLASTING DENNIS O'ROURKE OSCEOLA, POLK & (305) 847-5587 BREVARD COUNTIES Rowe & Sons Club Calves Quality Calves for Sale "Right Kind with the Kid in mind" 784 Bryan Lane Auburndale, FL 813/984-1323 Club Calf Sale Sat., June 27 Alachua, FL Quality Limousin, Simmental, Chianina crosses Sen, Ro5,msoo Lake City, FL 32055 Rt. 2, Box 281 904/755-3541 Wayne Feeds, Alfalfa Hay Silage D & K Ranch Service Custom Hay Bailing & Sales (Square or Round Bales) Planting Grass Available Statewide Delivery Also: Chopping, Mowing, Discing, Rotovating, and Custom Frontend Loader Work. Duke Overstreet 3051348-0328 Kissimmee, FL 60 tlE FlORIDA (AIIIEIAN JUIL 1987

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Polk winners LYLE Combee of Auburndale showed the grand champion steer at the 1987 Polk County Youth Fair. The 1185 pound Simmental cross sold for $2.60 per pound to F and L Cattle Company, Polk City. LISA Padgett, Lake Wales, showed this 1210 pound Simmental-Angus cross steer to reserve champion honors at the 1987 Polk County Youth Fair. The buyer was George's Enterprises, Auburndale, for $1.80 per pound. Joe Hendricks dies suddenly Joe Hendricks, Columbia, South Carolina, DVM who served as USDA-APHIS Veterinary Service Regional Brucellosis Epidemiologist, died of a massive heart attack in May. He was attending a meeting in Kentucky at the time of his death. Hendricks was well known in the Florida cattle industry and had made important contributions to the state's brucellosis eradication program in recent years. Ed Richey, Gainesville, IFAS extension veterinarian, said Hendricks "has been a good friend of the Florida cattle industry and an important participant in the formation and activities of the Florida Brucellosis Information Committee. He will be truly missed.'' Join your local county Cattlemen's Association. T BUILDINGS CUSTOM DESIGNED Strongpanel Roofing and siding in stock to 24 ft. Cannonball Hardware HNP Stall Kits Structural Posts STRONGPOST STRUCTURES 1629 N. Ohio Ave. Live Oak, FL 32060 Factory Second Corrugated Steel Panels 8 ft. to 16 ft. from $4.00 sheet. AGRICULTURAL BUILDINGS FOR: 1. Cattle 2. Equipment 3. Horses 4. Hay 5. Building Packages complete with instal. INDUSTRIAL COMMERCIAL Trm: FIORIDA CATITlEMAN / JULT 1987 / 61 CUSTOM SILAGE HARVESTING Direct cut, pickup, wide and narrow row crop heads. Four wheel drive self-propelled machines. Packing also available. PHILMAN'S CUSTOM SERVICE, INC. KEITH and I.J. PHILMAN Rt. 2 Box 558 Bell, Florida 32619 (904) 935-0312 Call collect 904/362-2548 for building quotes FLA. BUILDING SPECIAL 30x50x10 with slide door$7895.00

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CattleWomen (Continued from page 27) make a difference. Thanks to Karen Howell, secretary, who has kept me up-dated about their activities each month. Hillsborough County-In February, CattleWomen gave a demonstration on three beef recipes at the Florida State Fair and passed out materials and recipes. In March they assisted the Hillsborough County Cattlemen in running A Beef Sandwich Booth at the Strawberry Festival. They put forth a new look and passed out materials, recipes and promoted beef to the tune of 2000 pounds of sliced smoked top round. May was installation of officers. I had the opportunity to attend their luncheon meeting at the new Holiday Inn and install for 198788 the following officers: Susan Carlton, president; Linda Bennett, vicepresident; Cheryl Langrebe, secretary; Leslie Van Trump, treasurer; Vina Jean Banks, state director. Osceola County-New officers recently elected for 1987-88 are: Jeanette Autrey, president; Avis Fulford, first vice president; Aileen Chapman, second vice president; Janet Partin, secretary; Carolyn Kempfer, treasurer and state director. Sarasota County-New officers elected earlier this year are as follows: Sheilia Reigel, president; Lisa Van Dyke, vice president; Doris Smith, secretary; Sandi Rowe, treasurer; Marlene Strickland, state director; Eileen Wright, historian; Beth Underhill, parlimentarian. Hardee County In April, Hardee County held a nutrition day for kids entitled "Fun With Good Food." Winnie Gordon, Hardee County CowBelle beef promotion chairman and Cindy L. Olson, Hardee County extension home economist have worked in a cooperative effort to provide a learning experience at an early age to teach children about nutrition and good nutritional eating habits that will provide a good nutritional foundation for the rest of their lives. This was organized for the kindergartners of Hardee County and held at the Agri-Civic Center. The children participated in activities and had many opportunities for tasting. Thanks to Hardee County CowBelles for a job well done, and to Trudy Carey, Jeanette Barthle, Imogene Yarborough and Reba Mazak for representing FCW and assisting with the program. 62 T 1F FLORIDA CATTIEMAN JULY 1987

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~( ]'~ \y2~ I THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 63

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EL DORADO Hereford Farm Lorin & Gladys Anderson 4301 South 301 Dade City, Florida 33525 Telephone 904/567-3413 Fertility/Growth/Carcass FLORIDA WEREFORD ASSOCIATION Sarah Childs, President Rt. 3, Box 710 Lake Placid, FL 33852 Visitors always Welcome Annual Bull sale 3rd Sat, every November Debter Hereford Farm Route 1, Horton, Alabama 35980 Ross & Glynn Debter: 2051429-3553 James Debter: 429-2054 Perry Debter: 429-4415 Farm located 50 miles north of Birmingham; Look for signs on Highway 79 & 278 Hereford Bulls BULL Durham Farms Rt. 3, Box 366 DURHAM Walnut Cove, NC 27052 HEREFORDS Tommy 919/427-3238 Hereford Bulls Diamond C Herefords Harry & Phyllis Cobb Route 3, Box 93-C Donalsonville, GA 31745 912/524-2263 Free delivery on 5 or more head LITTLE RIVER FARMS Registered Herefords F' Cattle Feeder Cattle Auman. Phyllis. Harold and Della Teel Route 5, Box 365 Asheboro, N. C. 27203 Ries Bus. 919 92951e6 919 629 0107 Registered Herefords PINE ACRES RANCH Citra, Florida 32627 Popular Bloodlines -CHF Sam McDonald H464-JF Dundy 1154-P.A. Mischief Aster 307-7198 ProgressiveG. P. Leitner, Mgr. 904/595-3806 904/591-2180 Located 12 Mi. North of Ocala on US 301 Pine Pasture Farms Jesse L Williams Jr. & Sons 2337 Pitch Kettle Road Suffolk. VA 23434 ~* (804) 539-8819 Performance Tested Hereford Bulls We deliver each November 7 1111 RECEIVING CERTIFICATES for superior producing cows from FBCIA were (1-r) Ralph Sexton, Vero Beach; Junior Spencer of W.H. Stuart Ranch, Bartow; Henry Chitty of Stardust Ranch, Micanopy; and Leroy Baldwin of Baldwin Angus Ranch, Ocala. Top producing cows recognized at Beef Cattle Short Course Historically beef cattle have been recognized for their success based on physical appearance in the show ring. Recognition in that area has little relationship to their ability to produce calves that are superior for economically important traits with regularity, according to Bob Sand, Gainesville, secretary of the Florida Beef Cattle Improvement Association (FBCIA). FBCIA has implemented a program to recognize cows that regularly produce superior calves. This recognition is in two categories: 1) Golden Super Cow (a cow that has had 10 natural calves with an average interval between calves of not more than 370 days and an average weaning index of at least 105), and 2) Super Cow (a cow that has had five natural calves with an average calving interval of not more than 375 days and an average weaning index of at least 105). The program is ongoing with new cows being recognized each year. During the 1987 Beef Cattle Short Course, eight herds participating in the FBCIA program received certificates recognizing superior producers. Sexton Brahmans of Vero Beach, owned by Ralph Sexton, had a Golden Super Cow, a 1973 cow that has produced 10 calves with an average index of 109, and 363 day average calving interval. Sexton also had two Super Cows, a 1979 cow that has had six calves with an average index of 105, and average calving interval of 352 days; and a 1979 cow with five calves averaging 106 index, and a 369 day average calving interval. In addition, Treasure Hammock Ranch, also owned by Sexton, had two Super Cows: A 1977 cow with eight calves, average index of 107, and average calving interval of 355 days; and a 1979 cow with six calves, an average index of 113, and average calving interval of 344 days. W.H. Stuart Ranch, Bartow, was recognized for three Super Cows: A 1975 cow produced nine calves with an average index of 111, and a 374 day average calving interval; 1977 cow with six calves, an average index of Ill and 368 day average calving interval; and a 1979 cow with five calves, an average index of 106 and 366 day average calving interval. Baldwin Angus Ranch, Ocala, had one Golden Super Cow, a 1974 cow with 10 calves, an average index of 110 and an average calving interval of 352 days. Baldwin also had one Super Cow, a 1975 cow with eight calves, a 106 average index and 370 day average calving interval. Stardust Ranch, Micanopy, received certificates for two Super Cows-a 1979 cow with six calves, an average index of 111, and a 362 average calving interval; and a 1979 cow with five calves, an average index of 106 and a 353 day average calving interval. Hardee Farms, Chiefland, received recognition for one Super Cow-a 1978 cow with six calves, an average index of 105, and a 368 day average calving interval. 64 THE FL1ORIDA CATTLEMAN I JUI 1987

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ANHINGA FARMS POLLED HEREFORDS Complete records. Performance tested bulls. Southeastern bloodlines. All herd bulls RWJ pedigrees. Route 3, Box 577 Tallahassee, FL 32308 Terese and Dexter Douglass Phone 904/893-5422 8 miles E of Truck Rt on Centerville Rd T BAR Hereford Ranch Reg, Hereford Bulls for Sale at All Times Robert & Debi Thompson Carney OK 405/865-2513 Ralph & Estelle Thompson Colquitt GA 912/758-2230 REGISTERED & POLLED Fa -s HEREFORDS Production Sale-Sept. 13, 1986 Cliff & Howard Shepard, owners Georgia 1-800-342-8983 P.O. Box755 Other States 1-800-841-8990 Sandersveill, GA CIRCLE T RANCH Raising Polled Herefords Since 1953 Mr. & Mrs. T. F. Thompson, owner Clermont, Florida 32711 Phone 904/394-3053 FLORIDA POLLED HEREFORD ASSOCIATION "The Big Bold Breed" P.O. Box 1566 Alachua, FL 32615 L______904.462-2200 Peace Valley Ranch (In the Heart of Florida) Polled Hereford Cattle Owner Gilbert A. Higgins Winter Haven, FL 33880 Manager: Lowell Fielder 8697 Rhoden Loop Rd. N. Ft. Meade, FL 33841 (813) 285-7334 Show Herd: Alan Fielder Cow Herd: Brian Fielder Polled Hereford sires named trait leaders Trait Leader status has been awarded by the American Polled Hereford Association to leading bulls in the 1987 Polled Hereford Sire Summary. The bulls achieved their Trait Leader awards on the merit of the outstanding performance of their progeny in single traits as well as total performance. They were selected from 620 proven sires listed in the 1987 Sire Summary. Fifteen Polled Herefords were recognized for overall excellence in the total performance division, combining birth weight, weaning weight, yearling weight and maternal performance. Those bulls were BCR Improver, BTJR Quester 604M, Enforcer 1071, FHR Prospector S29, Justa 42SE Mainline 680K, Kinnaber Justn 7115J, OR Doin F243 K120, RHF Victor 212 767, RHF Victor 266 749, RRR J V Banner 2318, Sierra Hercules 2L, Stanns Mr. Beef 2F, Sterling, WP Enforcer Lad 100L, and YF Phenoinenal 017. BT PRL Driver 536L was named the number one Trait Leader for yearling weight. He earned the distinction with an estimated progeny difference (EPD) for yearling weight of + 88.6 pounds. Moving into the top spot in the weaning weight division was FLF King Pin 2003. A newcomer to the Trait Leader listing, King Pin captured the top award with a weaning weight EPD of +59.0 pounds. In the birth weight category, CJA King Numode 11 hung on to his number one ranking for the third consecutive year. His birth weight EPD was -15.4 pounds. MSU Prospector 508 climbed from eleventh spot in the maternal performance Trait Leader list last year to take the top award this year. This was the sixth annual Sire Summary published by the APHA. The data gives Polled Hereford breeders and commercial cow-calf producers a unique collection of data to guide them in selecting bulls for use in their individual breeding programs. Performance information for the Sire Summary is gathered by breeders throughout the United States and analyzed in APHA's data center. 1987 Polled Hereford Sire Summaries may be obtained by contacting the APHA Department of Education and Research, 4700 East 63rd St., Kansas City, Missouri 64130. Sag&d Fea Ran ALACHUA, FLORIDA 326 15 REGISTERED POLLED HEREFORDS Guidelines Performance Tested Cattle Visitors always welcome Mrs. S. Y. Davis, Owner Bill Snead, Consultant 9041462-1453 Ed Calendine, Manager 904/462-1452 Honeylidge Plantation (APHA Guidelines) Rt. 2, Box 136 Guyton, GA 31312 912/772-3118 Samuel Zemurray Ill W.F. Long, Cattle Mgr. Owner 912/772-3869 912/772-3576 WJR POLLED HEREFORDS REGISTERED VICTOR DOMINOS CERTIFIED HERD -PERFORMANCE RECORDS Wilson & Jane Rumberger, Owners Rt. 1 Box 49 Phone Alachua, FL 32615 904-462-5495 12 E. DARLINGTON AVENUE KISSIMMEE, FLA. 32741 PHONE 847-5364 EARLandSHE ZWNE-S Promote BEEF every day. Support Your Florida Beef Council CROOKED LAKE RANCH Victor Domino Polled Herefords Performance Tested Since 1963 PW/RWJ Pat Wilson Inc, Owner Frank Wood, Mgr. 813-635-4804 B is. 813-635-3821 813-635-3787 Res. P.O. Box 65, Frostproof, FL 33843 Performance is Our Business THE FLORIDA CATlIKMAN / JUIY 1987 / 65

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BEEF GIVES STRENGTH PIEDMONTESE Bulls & Semen Arrowmaker Farms Jack, Jean & Olin Fletcher Fitzgerald, GA 31750 912-423-7883 BARZONA CATTLE I s s'AmDrn, B uD s f 1a.u. '111h o Ild ], r o1) bi-,, Addj I Iuau d io Is. Ib S ..u .bull, Lake Oriole Ranch W. R. LaRosa, Owner 904/799-4874 8481 Croon Rital Rd. Brooksville, FL 33512 CASTLE NUGENT FARMS s 969U Christiansted St. (,9ix, 3.S.V00820 ,TEL. (809) 773-15S08 Eddie Chandler P.O. Box 296 Hanceville, AL 35077 205/352-6217 HIAROLD N. CLUM (osltanit Representative .509 woodla"d hil Dr. Alhees, GA 30606 S(44) 4446 SENEPOL a Nd ml aolable a private rem Colorful Tents All Sizes P.A fighting Equip Complete Corral & Pen Systems Chairs & Tables Auction Platform & Sale Ring Bleachers Roy Dugger 205/594-5931 Route 1, Box 134 Ashville, Alabama 35953 "Qua/ity Service Doesn't Cost. ../t Pays" Trade show promotes ag exports Approximately 125 visitors from 15 Caribbean, Central and South American countries attended the 17th annual Florida International Agribusiness Trade Show held in Tampa last month according to Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner. The show is co-sponsored by the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) and the Florida International Agricultural Trade Council, Inc. (FIATC). It is designed to expose the visitors to Florida agriculture and provide opportunities to develop export sales both during and after the show. Many of the trade show's 85 exhibitors reported positive results, and the majority said they will exhibit next year. Among the more significant purchases were livestock, livestock semen and farm equipment. A wide variety of activities were made available to the guests during their visit to Florida. Prior to the trade show, many guests attended an International Conference on Livestock and Poultry in the Tropics at the University of Florida, Gainesville. This conference provided a first-hand look at Florida beef and dairy operations and technical information associated with running such operations. Commissioner Conner welcomed the visitors and honored their attendance at the trade show with a Thursday evening banquet. During the banquet John Stiles, Tallahassee, was presented the "International Marketing Man of the Year" award by Commissioner Conner. The award recognized Stiles for contributions in international marketing circles. These contributions included 25 years of service with FDACS, during which 21 years were spent as the marketing division director. In addition, he served as president for the National Agrimarketing Officials and received the Division of Marketing Presidential "F' Award for excellence in exporting. Stiles retired from the FDACS in January. Additional activities on Thursday included several judging contests. Cesar Campo B of Columbia won the beef judging contest while Esteban Wallis of Venezuela outscored everyone in the dairy contest. J Crescent J Ranch Performance Tested Charolais Wm. J. Broussard, M.D. Charles Bradley Owner Foreman 1355 S. Hickory St. Ranch 8 mi. south Melbourne, Fla. 32901 of Holopaw, Hwy. 441 305/727-7632 (office) 305/892-5010 (Ranch) CHAROLAIS and CHARBRAY CATTLE K RANCH Henry Douglas Ph: 813 782-1571 Ph: 813 782-1936 ZEPHYRHILLS, FLORIDA 33599 8 Mi. SW of Zephyrhills on Morris Bridge Rd. Promote BEEF every day. Support Your Florida Beef Councin TEXAS LONGHORNS for Crossbreeding Genetics of Calving ease, fertility, high browse utilization, disease/parasite resistance, longevity, hardiness and a leaner carcass grade. Contact: Southeastern Longhorn Assn. P.O. Box 636, Brooksville Florida 34298-0636 Registered Texas Longhorns The cattle from the past for the future Visitors Welcome Richard & June Mathews P.O. Box 636 (904) 796-4667 Brooksville, FL 34298-0636 NATHE & GUDE, INC. 1187 Jessamine Rd. Dade City, Florida Registered Texas Longhorns Registered Bulls for Sale or Lease Roping Steers for Sale H.J. Nathe At all times W.F. Gude (904) 588-3107 (904) 588-2021 66 1111:1E1 FLORIDA CATT IIMAN JULN 1987 bauz 6out Jtarmz at Ocala, of course M and Mrs. John D. Corr, Owners Outstanding Full French and Purebred Charolais Located I it. west of 1-75 on U.S. 27 904/622-5520 2 T

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John Boy retires as USSC president John B. Boy, Clewiston, has retired as president and chief executive officer of United States Sugar Corporation. His retirement was effective June 30. At a meeting of the corporation's board of directors, held June 1 at Detroit, Michigan, J. Nelson Fairbanks, senior vice president of the corporation, was elected president and chief executive officer. Boy was elected vice-chairman of the board. Boy retired from U.S. Sugar Corporation after 41 years of service dating back to January 22, 1946. He joined the company as assistant superintendent of Starch House. He subsequently was placed in charge of agriculture equipment development, and in 1958 he became administrative assistant to the president. In March, 1960, Boy was named vice president of administration, and in 1961 was elected executive vice president. In 1966 he has elected to the board of directors, and on July 1, 1970, was elected president and chief executive officer. Boy will continue to act in a consulting capacity. Fairbanks joined the corporation in 1978 as vice president of corporate development. In 1983, he was elected to the board of directors. Prior to joining the corporation, Fairbanks was vice president and general manager of the Florida Sugar Cane League for 12 years. He has been instrumental in the corporation's growth from 1978. Fairbanks became senior vice president in 1984, and has been involved in all aspects of the corporation in that capacity. Berry College gets Longhorn funds A Longhorn heifer, donated by Richard and June Mathews of Brooksville, sold at the recent South Eastern Texas Longhorn Association Sale at Montgomery, Alabama, with proceeds going to Berry College at Rome, Georgia. A sale report said the heifer was Purchased by Jim Hutchinson of Piney Hill Farms, Bluemont, Virginia. Dr. Steward Fowler, head of the animal science department at Berry, said the proceeds will go to supPort the Texas Longhorn program underway at the college. I The Brand Of Innovation Since 1897 CUTTER ANIMAL HEALTH Moby Corpration Animal Health Division Shawneev, Kansas 66201 BEEF GIVES STRENGTH New Improved W. C. Pigg El Toro Hydraulic Chute Wider, higher and tougher. Built to work all Florida cattle. Call for prices. W.C. Pigg Chutes In Florida call: Johnny Pratt 305-723-2611 days 405-772-2801 305723-7674 eves. Weatherford, OK Rawhide Tough 'Hurricane Roof' New Improved V2-N For Metal Roofs VYN-ACREG)T.M Plastic Emulsions Stops popping nails. Stops rust. Seals and locks joints. Plugs holes. Can be applied to any roof-commercial, agricultural or home, metal, asphalt, tile, concrete. VYN-AC cures to a 'Rawhide' finish. Contracts and expands. Wears indefinitely. Is used for sidewalls, metal, wood, masonry. Adds insulation. STOP UNNECESSARY RE-ROOFING, ALSO FROM VYN-AC "RUST LOCK" Stops wire-rust, egg scratching and equipment rust. DON'T REPLACE-REPAIR NOW-IT'S MUCH LESS EXPENSIVE Florida only Toll Free 1-800-342-8475 OP 982 Out of State 904/257-4567 write: VYN-AC, Inc., P.O. Box 788 Ormond Beach, FL 32074-0788 THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 67 g: HE FINAL WORD IN FLY CONTROL CU-AL (COUMAPHOS) 1% Dust Insecticide CUTTER 44

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Management tools that need to be used in beef herds by D.L. PRICHARD Extension Livestock Specialist Quincy-Norlh Florida Research Education Center T Ie ultimate goal of any commercial beef cattle operation should be to optimize the pounds of calf weaned per cow exposed during the breeding season. It is imperative that this be done in the most economical way possible. The two major factors influencing this goal are weaning rate and weaning weight. However, many other parameters and traits have a direct or indirect affect on these two major factors. In recent years several tools relating to beef cattle production and genetics have been made available to the commercial cattleman. These tools include herd sire summary reports, breeding soundness evaluations of herd bulls and pelvic area measurements of replacement heifers. The remaining part of this paper will concentrate on how these tools relate to reproductive management of the beef herd. Herd Sire Sumnary Reports The vast majority of commercial cattlemen probably have never considcred using a Breed Association Annual Sire Summary. Those commercial cattlemen who have used a sire summary report are probably those that have initiated an extensive A.I. program. the amount of information available in a sire summary report is enormous and has the potential to provide valuable information to the cattleman, providing he has purchased bulls of a breed with an available sire summary and bulls with known performance backgrounds. A commercial cattleman might be prone to say that he will probably never use a bull listed in a sire summary. While this is probably true, one only has to consider the number of Inale progeny that will be sired by bulls listed in different breed association sire summaries, to realize the potential impact sire summary reports could have on the commercial cattle industry. Well, just what is a sire summary report? Sire summary reports are an accumulation of individual, progeny and ancestorial performance data that are used to compare a particular bull to that bull's breed average. PerforTable 1. Correlations Between B.S.E. Values and Pregnancy Rates Achieved with Synchronized Females Correlation (r) with Category pregnancy rate B.S.E. Score. .33 Scrotal Circumference .58* Percent (%) Motility .47* Rate of Motility .38 Primary Abnormalities -.12 Secondary Abnormalities -.37 Total Abnormalities -.40* *P-.05 Table 2. Estimated Genetic Correlations Between Reproductive Traits in Bulls with Puberty Age in Half-Sib Heifers Bull Traits o Primary %/o Second Scrotal o Normal Abnorn. Abnorm. Heifers Circ. Sperm Sperm Sperm Motility Age at puberty -.71 -.37 36 .09 .33 mance data generally found in a sire summary include birth, weaning, yearling and maternal EBV's (estimated breeding values) or EPD's (expected progeny differences). An EBV is an estimate of an individual's value as a parent and is expressed on a percentage basis (Ex: 104 = 104% or 4% above average). An EDP is a predictor of future progeny performance of a sire when compared with progeny from the breed's average sire and both sires have been mated to comparable females. Progeny testing is the ultimate tool for selection and is the most accurate measure of breeding value. However, a progeny test is costly both in resource and time. Alternatives available include individual performance records and the performance records of related individuals. Since relatives have like genes, they have a fraction of their breeding values alike. Therefore, relatives can be very useful in helping to estimate EBV's and EPD's for an individual. Commercial cattle producers sell pounds, not EBV's and EPD's, but they need to base their bull selection on these useful tools as well as to combine breeds in a systematic manner to obtain cross breeding advantages, especially for reproduction. In the future as we learn how to properly use descriptive fertility records such as age at first calving, length of calving interval and number of services per conception, sire summary reports will provide even more valuable information to those cattlemen who use them. Thus, a Sire Summary Report becomes a partial means to an end. It is the only fair way to compare individuals outside of the same contemporary group. Breeding Soundness Evaluations Performance data such as weaning and yearling weights, height measurements and conformation scores are of little value if a bull does not breed and settle a high percentage of the females exposed to him during the breeding season. Bulls that will accomplish this are the only ones that should be used in any breeding program. Researchers in the past 10 years have disco68 T'1E FLORIDA CAt FLEMAN JULY 1987

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vered wide variations between bulls in their reproductive capabilities which affects pregnancy rates and ultimately pounds of calf weaned per cow exposed. Outside of severe lameness or illness it is extremely difficult to eyeball the potential fertility of a bull. For this reason a Breeding Soundness Evaluation or examination (BSE)) was developed to assess the potential fertility of a bull. A BSE, as described by the Society of Theriogenology, includes both a physical examination and an examination of seminal characteristics. The physical part of the examination includes the following: I. Evaluation of feet and leg structure. 2. Serving capacity and/or libido test. 3. Rectal examination of accessory sex glands. 4. Penis and sheath examination. 5. Scrotal circumference measurement. 6. Examination of testicular shape and firmness. Seminal characteristics evaluated include spermatozoal motility and morphology. Upon completion of the BSE a bull is scored as a satisfactory, questionable or unsatisfactory potential breeder. Table 1 indicates the correlations between BSE components and pregnancy rates in heifers. Scrotal circumference appears to be the single most important BSE measurement taken on a bull because: 1) it is highly correlated with daily sperm production; 2) it is highly repeatable within and between technicians; and 3) it is moderately heritable. Brinks et al. (1977) reported significant favorable estimated genetic correlations between age at puberty in heifers and some BSE components in their half-sib brothers (Table 2). Table 2 indicates that young bulls with above average scrotal circumference and normal sperm counts should produce heifers with an earlier inherent age at puberty. Caution should be taken with interpreting scrotal measurements on a bull of a particular age. Breed (Angus vs. Brahman) and previous nutritional regime (fitted for show vs. pasture raised) can greatly influence scrotal size. Another area of interest related to BSE's and reproductive management is single vs. multi-sire herds. Recent research has indicated that in a multisire herd the greatest percentage of calves are sired by one of the older bulls. Ologun et al. (1981) indicated that in a multi-sire herd: 1) the most dominant bulls are not necessarily those with the highest sex-drive; 2) the most dominant bulls are not necessarily the biggest or fastest growing bulls and 3) BSE components were not related to dominance. This would indicate that the optimal usage of superior performance bulls might require single-sire herd management in conjunction with a Breeding Soundness Evaluation. Pelvic Area Measurements In recent years U.S. cattlemen have become more aware of the relationship between dystocia and calf birth weight. This awareness has been brought on mainly by the use of exotic breeds of bulls. Calf birth weight has been shown to be the single most important factor affecting dystocia in cattle (Laster et al., 1973). With the increase of dystocia in the U.S. cattle population, cattlemen have observed an increase in postpartum intervals and as a result lower pregnancy rates. In an attempt to offset U C U -C 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 this problem some cattlemen have begun taking pelvic area measurements of their replacement heifers. Work conducted by Green et. al. (1985) indicated that the heritability estimate for pelvic area (height x width) was between .71 and .99. Therefore, selection for increased pelvic area in beef females should be effective. The most common instrument used to measure pelvic area is the Rice Pelvimeter developed by animal scientists at Colorado State University. The pelvimeter consists of two aluminum arms and a stainless steel scale graduated in centimeters. A horizontal and a vertical measurement are made via the rectum. In order to obtain an area estimate these two measurements are multiplied together. Researchers at Colorado State measured the pelvises from 1000 heifers, at 35 to 40 days after breeding and at calving time. Using this information they studied the relationship (Continued on page 81) FIGURE 1. PELVIC AREA IN CM 141-151161171181191201211221231241150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250 100 BIRTH WEIGHT 51-60 LB. -58 43 -2_7 0 0 0 0 0 0 -14 19 30 62 73 70 25 10 4 2 _D NUMBER OF OBSERVATIONS FIGURE 2. PELVIC AREA IN CM 141-151161171181191201211221231241150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250 100 BIRTH WEIGHT 61-70 LB. 81 67 -60 48 H 30 -9 1 7 142 0 0 2 5 27 64 99 P9 61F7 2 I o0l I 6 NUMBER OF OBSERVATIONS THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 69

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Feed Florida Molasses ..rich in easily diigestible energy Florida Molasses Exchange, Inc. 31 West 20th Street-I'.0. Box 10644 Riviera Beach, Florida 33404 305/848-3301 'We're breeding purebred Limousirn witr the commercial cattlemen in ind.' Circle 0 Limousin Ranch Rt 3 Box 466-0, Fort Pierce, FL 33450 Or. Ray C. Olson Owner Bill Brown Resident Manager 305-465-5050 BEEF CLUB CALVES ONLY THE BEST COME FROM OSBORNE CATTLE SERVICES SPECIALIZING IN LIMOUSIN CATTLE For sale at all tinres Fullbloods anid I)AVIE, FLORIDA Purr eds (m' a81 11) GINGERBRED FARM "Limousin, Brahmousin and Watusi for Sale" Breeding Limousin Since 1970 W. E. & Joenell Webb Box 387, Rt. 15 Maxvlle, Fl. 32234 904/289-7159 LIMOUSIN & BRAHMOUSIN Show calves Heifers Herd Bull Prospects Powder Puff 4770 Highwayi 11 DeLeon Springs. FL 32028 904/736-3979 904/734-3177 Purebred cattle auctions require extensive planning by It. FREI) DIETRICH, III The auction system of merchandising purebred cattle is a major method of marketing for purebred beef cattle breeders. This marketing method has long been a basis of establishing prices in the industry. In addition most breed price records are set at auction. There are several types of purebred beef cattle auctions such as: 1) Breed promotional auctions. The purpose of this type of auction is to promote a breed of cattle and establish strong prices for that breed. These may involve the glamour of a hotel ballroom or other unique setting. 2) Production auctions. This is a method of marketing the cattle produced by a breeder or a group of breeders. 3) Reduction auctions. This is a system where breeders reduce or cut back on their cattle inventory. 4) Dispersal auctions. The objective of this type of auction is to liquidate an entire herd of cattle. These auctions often include the real estate and farm machinery. There are several steps to consider in planning and carrying out a purebred beef cattle auction. Major factors to consider are: Date selection The date should be selected as far in advance as possible. It is really important to avoid conflicts with any other cattle auctions. As soon as a date has been set, it should be sent to all the cattle and farm publications for their calendar of events. Often cattle are in their best condition in the fall. Fall sales also get the cattle off the cattlemen's winter feed bill. However, spring auctions have the advantage of new grass on the way and the optimism of better times. Advertising and ringnen This is the key ingredient to get people to a cattle auction. Most advertising for cattle auctions is done in livestock magazines. Many of these furnish ringmen. A major consideration is advertising in publications that furish strong ring service. Other considerations are local newspapers and radio. Direct mailing to prospective buyers is also one of the best ways to get buyers to a cattle auction. Often it may be advantageous to hire free-lance ringmen. Good ringmen can he a tremendous asset to a cattle auction. Catalog A catalog should be printed and distributed about one month before the auction date. The catalog should include weaning weights, ratio yearling weights, ratio gain, test results, show records, pregnancy status, fertility tests and other important information. It should also include references of the cattle listed in the pedigrees. Other information needed in an auction catalog includes: greetings and welcome, terms of the auction, any needed disclaimers, maps, and sale headquarters, and other needed information. Sometimes the cost of a catalog can be reduced by selling advertisements. Preparation of cattle The condition of cattle is very important. Cattle will sell much better if they are in good condition. The cattle should be on feed at least 120 days before the auction. Another important factor is conditioning the cattle to auction noise and handling. Two good ways to do this are to play a loud radio in their feed area and to work the cattle through the sale ring before the auction. Another important step is to obtain the services of a good large animal veterinarian. A good veterinarian can make sure that all state and federal health regulations are met, that bulls have proper fertility tests and that cows are pregnancy tested. All cattle also need to be identified by lot number. My preference is to dip a number branding iron into paint and place the lot number on each side of the cow. Other methods of lot number identification include ear tags, neck tags, and paper stick-on numbers. Location Most purebred cattle sell better on the ranch. Some ranchers have large barns that adapt themselves to good sale locations. In other situations a nice tent 40 x 40 or larger works out really well. Portable pens can be used to make a sale ring and cattle pens. In some situations it is necessary to move the cattle to a fairground or stockyard; however, cattle seem to sell better on the farm. (Continued on page 77) 70 i1F FlIOIIII)A CArl ENIAN .ULY 1987 MILTON BRADSHAW BROTHERS BRAHMOUSIN P 0 Box 846 Milton FL 32572 "Red Brahmousin from the Heart of Texas'' Days: 904-623-5362 Eves: 904-623-5951

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FLORIDA LIMOUSIN CATTLE COMPANY "WHERE CHAMPIONS ARE BRED" 1986-Two Reserve Champion Steers Club Calves for SaleSteers and Heifers 1987 Florida State Fair Grand Champion. DALLAS Route 1, Box 512 Lorida, Florida 33857 813/763-3330 FREEMAN CATTLE Co. Show Steers Heifers & Bulls 0 Herd is certified Ph. 813-763-3610-P.O. Box 636 Okeechobee, Fl. 33472 Limousin & Commercial Cattle Harloff Farms P.O. Box 1787 Bradenton, FL 33506 Phone 813/729-3871 Floyd Smith, Cattle Foreman Ranh837936 Florida Limousin Association P.O. Box 636 Okeechobee, FL 33472 Home of Mr. Keyed Up 126L Two time Florida Premier Bull winner Carl Johnson LIMOUSIN FARM 525 South Kings Avenue Brandon, Florida 33511 Phone 813/689-5161 Florida Limousin Cattle Company "Where Champions are Bred" Dallas Deadwyler Rt. 1, Box 512 Lorida, FL 33857 813-763-3330 James Place Limousin Ranch Buddy James 6215 Wilson Blvd. Jacksonville, FL 32210 Phone 904-772-1034 Pine Limousin Full French Limousin Paul Fulbright, Manager P.O. Box 255, Lithia, FL 33547 813 / 923-4981 (office, days) 813 / 737-1272 (ranch) Limousin Cattle For Sale Art Schrader & Sons San Antonio, FL 33576 9041588-3321 John Shepard & Son P.O. Box 8 Greensboro, FL 32330 Phone 904-442-6257 Paul C. Thomas Ranch P.O. Box 1092 Mount Dora. FL 32757 904-383-6437 LIMOUSIN & BRAHMOUSIN THE FLORID)A CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 71 DEADWYLER DONINI Limousin Ranch John Donini Gina Holt Owner Ranch Manager 8131754-2368 8131752-9688 Rt. 1, Box 177B, Dover, FL 33527 Home of Mr. Top Hat El Shadai Farms Larry E. Coy 9241 No Road Jacksonville, FL 32210 Phone 904-772-9965

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Simbrah The best of the Brahiman combinations. Milk, muscle e and fertility of Simmental complement the adaptability and hardiness of the Brahman. For information: American Simmental Association. Toll free: 1 -800-548-0205. Simmental-Simbrah The Davenports Rt. 1, Box 213-B 904/591-1156 Reddick, Fl 32686 Performance Tested HEREFORD, SIMBRAH & SIMMENTAL CORRIGAN RANCH P. 0. Box 2410 Ph: 305/567-7141, 569-2342 Vero Beach, Florida 32960 FLORIDA 6,mm Ctat ASSOCIATION S P.O. Box 196 Gulf Hammock FL 32639 904/486-2901 904/486-2797 Simbrah Foundation Cattle Wes & Liz Williams 904-486-2901 Horne of "Pete" Miller Crest Farms Simmental Cattle Quality Percentage & Purebred For Sale at all times. Peggy, Spence & Jeff Miller Box 519, Bronson, FL 32621 904/486-2797 or 486-2966 Promote BEEF every day. if Support Your Florida Beef Council HASSEL ARABIAN AND SIMMENTAL STUD Purebred, Simmental and Simbrah, bulls and females and Arabian Horses. Simmental Semen Herd No. 5618 Paul & Phyllis Hassel P.O. Box 156. Reddick, FL 32686 904-591-2300 Brucellosis (Continued from page 34) In addition to losing their accreditation, several veterinarians have been named as the defendants in multi-million dollar legal suits because of issuing health certificates that were incorrect. Legal suits, that were filed by cattlemen, not government agencies. It is very different from the past; the accredited veterinarians must adhere to the "Standards for Accredited Veterinarians" extremely close; they have no choice. The days of the "quick health certificate" are essentially over. The loss of accreditation can severely restrict a veterinary practice and the loss of a civil suit could financially ruin a veterinary practitioner. If a health certificate is issued on a "load" of animals, the veterinarian is opened to possible trouble. To prevent possible civil and/or regulatory legal actions, the veterinarian must individually identify each animal and certify that the animal meets the requirements stated on the health certificate. The entire load of animals may be listed on one health certificate; but unless specifically exempted, each animal must be individually identified and listed separately. The veterinarian is still responsible for the certification of vaccination records and the health status of each animal, but the loading and the delivery of the correct animals now become the responsibility of the person(s) shipping and transporting the cattle. The new health certificates contain an "Owner/Agent Statement" which is signed by the owner or agent and states that "The animals in this shipment are those certified to and listed on this certificate." If substitutions should occur or additional animals are placed on the truck; the veterinarian will not be held solely responsible. The individual identification and listing of each animal being shipped is a great inconvenience and a costly one, but the legal ramifications do not allow the veterinarian nor the owner to do otherwise. For additional information call: (904) 488-7182, (904) 392-4847, or (904) 377-5632. Southeast Longhorn officers elected Richard Mathews, Brooksville, was reelected president of the South Eastern Texas Longhorn Association at a meeting held on May 10 at Montgomery, Alabama. Lummie Williams, Cordele, Georgia, was named vice president of the association, and June Mathews, Brooksville, was renamed secretarytreasurer. New directors elected at the meeting were: Patsy Nathe, Dade City; Ken Griffin, Alford; and W. T. Comer, Hendersonville, Tennessee. THIS IS AN unusual pair, even in Madison. DiAnne Thompson of Ironwood Farms, Madison, took this picture of one of her baby goats nursing a sow. 72 THEi FLORIDA CATTLENIAN JULY 1987

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Selecting Heifers, Made Easy [Dunkin Farms Second Production Sale Selecting the right heifers is harder than choosing good cows. With heifers, you're evaluating production potential, and that's where Dunkin Farms makes your choices easy. Each of the classy heifers offered in our Second Production Sale is sure to make an impact on any herd and satisfy the most discriminating breeder. All of the heifers are sired by the best bulls the Beefmaster breed has to offer and are out of cows that are proven producers. So come to our auction and see how easy selecting the right heifers can be! "Dunkin Farms Special Donor Offering" will include two dynamite donors -a mother/daughter team that will be sure to light your fuse on sale day. Selling 100 outstanding heifers and two dynamite donors. A BBU Approved Sale Dunkin Farms Second Production Sale. Saturday, August 15th -10:00 a.m. at the ranch in Selma, Alabama I I K1 aI Dunkin Farms 555 is a very feminine heifer that has it all: deep body, broody, loose hide, good head, good top line, hindquarter muscle all the way to the hock, and correct. What more would you want? Dunkin Farms 493 is a Special Donor Feature lot that sells as Lot 1. She is a proven producer. Sells open with a pregnant recipient by Snoopy. "We feel this is one of the best animals we own," says Charlie Dunkin. This embryo daughter of Robert E. Lee is a sample of what Dunkin Farms is doing. 493's dam will sell as Lot 2. Sale Headquarters: Holiday Inn Highway 80 West Selma, AL .36701 e 205/872-0461 Sale Manager: Thompson Cattle Marketing Fred Thompson Bruce Robbins 9 (912) 859-2421 e Auctioneer: Gerald Bowie Route 1, Box 105, Marion Junction, Alabama 36759 NI(N Charles F. Dunkin, Owner Ofc: 205/822-6104 e Res: 205/979-2303 RM S Jamie Horton, Ranch Manager* 205/872-3291 Certified Free Herd 0.

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Records take the esswork out BOB SAND heads the University of Floriof Selection. da's private herd production testing program through the Florida Beef Cattle Improvement Association. What a difference a year makes! R.S. SAND Extension Livestock Specialist University of Florida W hat a difference a year makes! Last year at this time prices were some of the lowest in many years. The dairy herd buy out prograin had depressed prices for a 400-500 pound steer $12.50/cwt from the year before ($56 vs. $68.50). Last week the same steer was worth $22.50 more than last year, $78.50vs. $56.00. The upward price trend started in the winter and one of the side effects has been a strong demand for bulls. The demand has been strong enough that many of the sale organizers for someselect sales with entrance requirements are concerned about getting enough bulls consigned to hold a sale. Many breeders report having sold all of their breeding age bulls early this spring. At the same time industry leaders have been discussing new marketing standards for fed cattle and carcass beef that will impact on breeding programs. The industry has recognized that consumers want tender, juicy beef without excess fat that must be trimmed off and thrown away. They are also recognizing that in addition to being too small, cattle can be too big. Wholesale cuts from carcasses larger than 775-800 pounds don't fit the box and the individual retail cuts are too large to sell well in the meat case. The meat retailers are saying a 15 inch loineye is as large as they can sell profitably. W hat does all this have to do with better bulls? Principally tw o things: one, bulls on the average should be better quality than they have been in the past and fewer in quantity; two, the industry has finally recognized that there are practical limits to frame size and that we need to give additional emphasis to quality (marbling ability) in our calves. As a cattleman, I see these changing trends complicating acquiring new genetic resources (bull buying). It won't affect the propagator since all he looks for is something that will get his cows pregnant and is cheap to purchase. It won't have much of an effect on the cattleman who has a planned breeding program that he has been working on for many years and knows where and how his product fits into the production chain. It will effect the cattleman who hasn't developed a long range breeding plan and set of goals for his herd but recognizes that changes are coming and decides that he is going to get on the bandwagon. The biggest problem a cattleman faces in trying to select bulls that will improve carcass merit of his cattle is a lack of information on these traits in bulls being offered for sale. There are differences between breeds but generally these differences are no larger than the differences within breeds. Data from the hands on unit at the University do not show a consistent advantage to any breed in carcass merit. Carcass traits are highly heritable so progress can be made through selection. Unfortunately, carcass data is expensive and time consuming to collect. A bull bred as a yearling will be four years old by the time enough carcass data on his progeny is available to make a sound decision on his genetic merit. Only a small percentage of the bulls listed on most breed sire summaries have carcass data on progeny available. Until more bulls with progeny carcass data and favorable EPD's for the traits you are trying to improve are available, the alternatives are to use proven bulls through A.I. or try to find sons of proven bulls that are adapted to our subtropical environment. In a bull deficit state like Florida this will not be easy. Over the long haul, I believe that success from a breeding standpoint will go to those who have a planned crossbreeding program combining those breeds that will result in replacement females that will be fertile and adapted to the environment. Their steer mates will grow rapidly, have average or better muscling, finish at 1050 to 1200 lbs with an acceptable fat cover over loin and have acceptable yield and quality grades. This is a formidable challenge but the tools and some of the genetic resources are identified and available. Performance records and national sire summary data help take the gamble out of breeding decisions. Performance records will allow you to identify the cows who have superior production traits so their daughters can be retained as replacements. They also identify poor producers that need to be replaced with a heifer with better production potential. Additional information on performance records and use of sire sun'maries is available through your local livestock extension agent or Dr. R.S Sand, 231 Animal Science Building, Gainesville, 32611. 74 THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN JUiY 1987

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BROUSSARD BEEFMASTERS Our top quality Bulls produce top quality replacement heifers Performance tested bulls for sale at all times Cresent ItRanch Charles Bradley Foreman Star Route Box 1708 Melbourne, FL 32904 Ph. (305) 892-5010 Wm. J. Broussard, M.D. Owner 1355 S. Hickory St. Melbourne, FL 32901 Ph. (305) 777-0088 COME ONE AND ALL Polk County Cattlemen's Association Invites You To FLORIDA'S TOP SPECIAL SALE Tuesday, August 11, 12:00 noon Cattlemen's Livestock Market, Lakeland THIS IS A RECORD PROVEN TOP SALE Traditional date averages over 1900 sold ALL CATTLEMEN WELCOME! Bring one or bring a truckload. Calves, yearlings, cows, any class, sex or weight welcomed. AN EXCELLENT SELECTION OF CROSSBRED REPLACEMENT QUALITY HEIFERS Prizes will be awarded for: Largest group consignedPair of Boots; largest group of 20 or more from the longest distance-Felt Hat; top averaging price per pound for 20 or more-Felt Hat For Further Information: DAYS Bill Hamilton, Lakeland 813/682-0117 Sid Sumner 813/533-0765 EVENINGS Jerry Keen, Lake Wales 813/696-2277 John Carter, Lake Wales 813/676-2442 THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 75

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CUTTER BILL VOSS Your Cutter Representative Ph: 904-796-9735 712 Stockton Street Brooksville, FL 33512 Promote BEEF avery day. Support Your Florida Beef Council.) The Florida Dilly FARMER Fiber terminology is changing in dairy cattle rations by B. HARRIS, JR. University of Florida Fiber terminology in recent years has been expanded to include effective, acid detergent fiber (ADF), neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and the commonly used term crude fiber. We in Florida have, for several years, been using effective fiber due to the amount of byproduct feedstuffs that are used in dairy cattle rations and for lack of a better term in defining fiber. In some laboratories, ADF has largely replaced crude fiber as the fiber measurement. However, like crude fiber, ADF does not adequately represent the total fiber value of feedstuffs nor does it relate well to dry matter (DM) intake or densities of feeds. A general relationship shows that ADF is about 1.26 times the crude fiber value for a forage. ADF does relate well to digestibility and is the starting point for measuring heat damaged protein in silage (ADF-N). Fine-tuning rations based on NDF is gradually becoming popular in areas where silage and alfalfa hay are the primary roughages and corn is the major source of energy. Under such conditions, the optimal NDF as a percent of total ration dry matter for high producing cows is about 28-30 percent. Values lower than 25 percent may result in milk fat depression and lbs DM CP TDN Bermuda Hay 3.00 Corn Silage 45.00 Corn Meal 11.00 Sovbean Hulls 5.00 Distillers grains 8.00 Soybean Meal 6.00 Mineral 1.30 2.70 13.50 9.90 4.45 7.28 5.40 1.22 0.21 1.13 0.95 0.60 2.00 2.64 0.00 1.20 9.00 8.80 3.25 6.56 4.68 0.00 possible looseness. The same concept is used by many Florida dairymen where less fiber is used in early lactation and more as the cow progresses in lactation. Using NDF is a more scientific approach in obtaining maximum dry matter intake and milk production. With good quality forages, the forage portion can be increased without sacrificing milk production. This is especially useful in areas where forages are the cheapest source of feed. As cows progress in lactation the NDF content of the ration is increased to about 35 percent for cows producing 45-55 pounds and higher for cows producing less than 40 pounds of milk. Forage quality and the use of cottonseed hulls may delay Florida dairymen from adopting the NDF system in the near future. Even so, Dr. Dave Mertens, a dairy scientist formerly from the University of Georgia and now working at the U.S. Dairy and Forage Research Laboratory in Madison, Wisconsin, continues to develop new strategies with different forages. NDF is a measure of total fiber including cellulose, lignin and hemicellulose. The hemicellulose portion of the feedstuff is usually quite digestible. Tables on NDF values of different forages are continuously being compiled and updated. The ration formulated below shows the use of both EFFECTIVE CA PHOS NDF FIBER COST lbs0.01 0.04 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.21 .00 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.03 0.04 0.07 2.10 6.30 0.69 3.00 3.10 0.84 0.00 0.96 5.40 0.22 1.95 0.88 0.12 0.00 79.30 44.45 7.51 33.49 0.03 0.20 16.03 9.53 Requirements (75# Milk) Composition (DI) 7.50 33.10 0.25 0.18 0.00 16.92 75.34 0.67 0.45 36.06 21.44 0.11 0.68 0.44 0.20 0.48 0.51 0.16 2.56 3.23 76 THE FLORIDA CATTENIMAN JULY 1987 111-----

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NDF and effective fiber in formulating rations. It appears that NDF values will be used by more and more dairymen in formulating rations. As with crude fiber though, particle size and length of cut will affect the reliability of NDF values. Reliable standards have not yet been established for cottonseed hull rations. Cattle auctions (Continued front page 70) Auction help On purebred cattle auctions it is really important to have help that know how to work cattle. Good sale help know how to work the cattle easily and calmly during the auction. An auction is no place for "drug store cowboys." The clerk and cashiers also need a strong cattle knowledge. For example, my wife Gayle, who does the paper work on many purebred auctions, has a B.S. degree in animal science from the University of Florida. Good auction help save far more than they cost. Covering auction costs None of us is in business to lose money; therefore, it is really important to collect consignment fees or front money to cover all the auction fixed costs, well before the auction. In summary these are the key factors to consider in marketing purebred beef cattle at an auction. However, each auction will be different. Still auction is the most dynamic method of marketing purebred beef cattle. Editor's note: H. Fred Dietrich, III served as the 1985 Florida A uctioneer Association president. In addition, he holds both a BS and a Master's degree in agriculture combined with the lifetime experiences of breeding, showing, and selling purebred beef cattle. Dietrich is a past president of the Florida Santa Gertrudis Association and has judged numerous cattle shows. A recent Purdue University study, sponsored by the National Corn Growers Association, found that new demand created for corn by the ethanol industry in 1985 saved the government $227 million in taxpayer dollars by supporting the ethanol industry. Join your local county Cattlemen's Association. Georgia Livestock Equipment & Associates, Inc. P.O. Box 1537 Vidalia, Georgia 30474 912-537-8067 Call or write for Free Brochure Portable Cattle Feeders Weather Proof Design 4 Sizes Available 1, 3%, 6 & 8 ton capacities Silage Troughs -Feed Bunks 4 Sizes Available 25, 50, 45 & 90 cubic foot capacities Hot-Dip Galvanized I d BEEF GIVES STRE NGTH A CUTTER ANIMAL HEALTH MobHy Corportion Anin, Health Divisin Shawnnee. Kansas 66201 THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 77 THE FINAL W01) IN FLY CONTROL I CI-A (COUMAPHOS) Emulsifiable Livestock Insecticide CUTTER lw The Brand Of Innovation Since 1897 F I

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Advertising AUCTIONEERING FORT SMITH AUCTION SCHOOL 823 Cavanaugh Rd., Ft. Smith, Ark. 72903 Resident and home study. Veteran approved. 501/646-1181. MENDENHALL SCHOOL OF AUCrIONEERING. America's Top-Quality Auction School. Veteran Approved. Free Catalog. Write or Call. P0. Box 7344, High Point, N.C. 27264, (919) 887-1165. DOGS REGISTERED AUSTRALIAN Shepherd working stock dogs. Started dogsand pups. 904/765-3919. 17901 Lem Turner Road, Jacksonville, FL 32218. AUSTRALIAN CATTLE DOGS. AKC PUPS, $100 up. Guaranteed natural heelers. Free brochure. Bill Guynes, Iberia, Missouri, 65486 314/793-6255 LIVESTOCK CERIED HERD-130 bred Brargus $550, 130 bred Bratords $511. 3 to 9 years old. July delivery 813-494-7302 Sell your free boarders and increase your calving percentages, through annual pregnancy testing. Let us show you facts to prove we can help. P.O. Box 21 LARRY LEW IS Felsmere, FL 32948 BRAFORD CROSS HERD lor sale South Florida Grassing, Inc (305) 146-7816 Embryo Transfer Reproductive Technology International James L. (Jim) Griffin, Ph.D. P.O. Box 1333 Plant City. Fla. 33566 813 752-2181 FOR SALE 43 Simbrah cows 31 8-year-olds 3 4-year-olds 9 3-year-olds (3 Angus cross calves by side) 77 Brahman cows 33 purebred 20 about 12-years-old 8 4-year-olds 3 3-year-olds 2 2-year-olds 44 Reg. Brahman cows 3-7 years. (14 Brangus calves by side) All cattle are bred back to Angus bulls. Call Kathleen B. Davis Day 813-635-4881 Night 813-638-2281 LET CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING SELL FOR YOU Rate 50(D per word, minimum charge $10.00. Classified display $25.00 column inch. Deadline for advertising is 5th of month preceding publication. Send copy and payment to: THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN, BOX 1403, KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA 32742-1403 LIVESTOCK RED ANGUS-Angus efficiency and quality with red color. Add more quality and feed-lot and packer acceptability to your Brahman cross calves. FLORIDA RED ANGUS ASSOCIATION. Rt. 3, Box 683, Jay, Florida 32565. 904/994-3256 TRIPLE D RANCH-782A in Manatee County. Cattle Ranch. Hay field, pasture, 537A fenced in. Exchange, lease option, joint venture-all offers carefully considered. For more information call Pat Seaman, Realtor/Salesman, MERRILL LYNCH REALTY/ FL, INC., (813) 360-0871. MARCHIGIANA 50 purebred cows with calves and bred heifers. Lots of polls. Rt. 4, Box 102, Gallatin, TN 37066 Jas. A Womack Ph: 615-452-4078 REAL ESTATE Acreage, Homes, Investments KEITH G. PEARCE Associate Office 813/763-3149 Mobile 763-1503 Cattlemen's Real Estate Reg. Real Estate Broker 4026 Hwy. 441, SE Okeechobee, FL 33474 BEEF GIVES STRENGTH LEONARD D. LANDRESS REALTY Licensed Broker P.O. Box 595, Bonifay, FL 32425 Phone (904) 547-3466 Free Property List Located Hwy. 90, 2 Mi. W. Hwy. 79. 1753-Dairy, Fully equipped, 373 acres, 3 Homes, Main Home has Lg. Swimming Pool. Double 7 herringbone Milk Parour, 315 head cattle, silos, teed burns, 2 Milk tanks, 540 Gal. Base. All this and all equipment for the low price of $950,000. S1761-Diversified Farm 400 Acres, 1 Mi. paved Rd. frontage. 2 Mi. to town 100 large pecan trees, 4 ponds, 8 rm. country home. Barns, Sheds, All Yours, Only $375,000. -1655-This is it: 180 acres, has 2 deep wells, 140 acres good pasture, Oak grove Home Site, Barn, Mobile home to live in while building, 2 ponds/In area of Good Hunting) Price ($115,000.) -1789-610 Acres, 5 Stran Barbe-treated post, 2 homes (farm style) $475. + per Ac. Total ($290,000.) -1492-Diversified Farm, Ranch, Spacious 3 Br. 111a bath, 2 Ig. barns, 8 thsn, Bu. grain bin, 3/4 mi. creek frontage, 404 acres. Price 325,000. -1426-Horse & Cattle Ranch, 20 Stall Horse Barn 5 Ac. Steel Fenced Corral, Sheds, 34 Grain Bins, Dryers & Augers, Nice 3 Br., 2 bath, block home. 1031 Ac. Total Price $1,500,000. Terms. REAL ESTATE HARDEE COUNTY RANCH 2,000 ac. 1/2 improved. EXCELLENT HUNTING. 4 miles road frontage. Only $775 per ac.! SOUTH FLORIDA CITRUS LAND 1,920 ac. south of Immokaleel Canal & numerous wells. $1,500 per ac. Owner financing 10 years interest only! JOE L. DAVIS, INC., Realtors P.O. Box 1149 Wauchula, FL 33873 813/773-2128 813/452-5111 813/735-0391 eves. Orange Groves -Ranch -Farm Land CARY MERCER Realtor Associate P.O. Box 789 Arcadia, Fl 33821 Turner Realty, Not Inc. Bus. 813-494-4777 105 South Brevard Ave. -Home 813-494-2760 Arcadia, Florida 33821 3120 ACRES-MARION COUNTY 13/4 miles of state road frontage. Some improved pasture-Forestry Survey. $850 per acre. W.H. Morse Corporation, Realtors P.O. Box 2345 305/847-3133 Kissimmee, Fl 32742 RL1SuiteE 69011Virginia Avenue Professional CentreP.O. Box 18 FortFierce R33454 .CATTLE COMMERCIAL O.R. MINTON, JR. OFFICE1305HI61 5700 Executive Vice President After Hours 13051464 4799 Licensed Real Estate Broker Telex$0176 We Sell Ranches & Ranch Land STEPHEN L. MILLER REALTY CORP. 1900 U.S. 27 North Stephen L. Miller Lake Placid, FL 33852 LiC. Real Estate Broker (813) 655-2001 MARIANNA-TALLAHASSEE AREA 600 Ac Ranch. 350 ac pasture with scattered oak & pine. Balance wooded. Creek. Fenced. Good hunting. REPO. $360 per ac. Good subdivision property. Terms. 130 Ac Farm. 76 ac cropland. Balance woods & creek. Terms. $500 Ac. REPO. Terms. 2865 Ac Farm/Ranch. REPO. Fertile soils. Good fencing. Buildings. $450 ac. Terms. 3200 Ac Timber Tract. 1-10 location. $550 ac. Florida Farm Realty, P.O. Box 250, Alford, FL 32420 904-579-4694 ADVERTISE TODAY! 78 THE FLORIDA CATILEMAN llJU 1987

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MISCELLANEOUS SEED HARVESTING C.M. Payne & Son, Inc. Licensed, Bonded Seed Dealer 9410 Payne Road, Sebring, FL 33870 Seed Available: Argentine & Paraguayan 22 Bahia grass. Aeschynomene; Common Hairy Indigo; Jap Millet; Winter and Summer Legumes. Ph: 813/385-4642 or 385-8330 PUMPS Since 1945 Portable Tractor PTO 8" 12" 18" 24" Call 305-924-5577 Eves: 305-286-8921 VALLEY GIANT BURMUDA Plant material. Relatively pure stand rogued 3 years for off brand perennials. $3.50 bale discount on 500 bales. Nights 904-793-1583 WANTED TO BUY Oaks, Pines, Myrtle, and other trees suitable for landscaping. Heights-10 to 20 feet. We dig. Consolidated Trees, Inc. Rt. 8, Box 828, Lutz, FL 33549 813-949-5426 Harvesting of Bahias and Other Seed Crops Argentine Pensacola and Paraguayan Bahia Grass Seed For Sale DAVE PARTIN Rt. 3, Box 2476St. Cloud, Florida 32769 305-892-9265 HANCOCK SEED CO. Seeds available for summer planting Pearl Hybrid Leafy 20 Millet Wild Game Seed Mixes Argentine Bahiagrass Dove Prosa Millet Pensacola Bahlagrass Brown Top Millet Alyce Clover Japanese Millet Call Richard Hancock 904-567-6971 for planting recommendations, share harvesting, processing and sales. BEEF GIVES STRENGTH READY-DAILY CASH MARKET Central Packing Co., Inc. P.O. Box 429 CENTER HILL, FLORIDA 34254 Tommy Bryan, 904/793-2781 EST Dick Helton, 904/795-0894 96 Office Phone 904/793-3671 ANCA Why Should YOU Support the National Cattlemen's Association? You will be recognized as a progressive member of the organization created to represent America's beef producers, NCA fights the battles in Washington for you so you are free to run your business. NCA fights to keep the untrue claims of anti-beef activists from influencing consumers. NCA educates opinion influencers about the safety and wholesomeness of our product. NCA protectsyour rights and our free enterprise system. Keep up to date with the "National Cattlemen" -the monthly cattle business management publication. Receive timely updates in the "Beef Business Bulletin" -the cattleman's weekly business newsletter & market update. Show your pride as an American cattleman and an NCA member with your personal membership card and decal. You have direct access to a professional staff that has the answers you need. Call or write for information today! NATIONAL CATTLEMEN'S ASSOCIATION P.O. Box 3469 Englewood, CO 80155 (303) 694-0305 TREES EMPLOYMENT -Genetically Superior Slash -Livingston Parrish Lobiolly 100 Species of Hardwoods + 100,000 Conlainerized Trees. Central Fla. Lands & Timber, Nursery Division, Day, FL (904) 294-121. HELP WANTED HELP WANTED: NW Florida beef cattle ranch needs herdsman with management skills, A 1. experience necessary, E T. experience helpful Send resume. Little Star Ranch, Box 7, Csondale, FL 32431. AMERICAN BREEDERS SERVICE beel rep position available. The world's leading business involved in genetic improvement of dairy and beef cattle through artificial insemination is seeking to till two ABS beef representative positions in central and southern Florida. ABS beer rep This position is a part time position The ideal candy date will have a B S in animal science as well as being very knowledgeable aboul Florida s beef industry. This position has great opportunities for any qualified individual. American Breeders Service is the world leader in the cattle artificial insemination industry which excels in both beef and dairy genetics. Interested persons should forward resumes to ABS District Sales Manager Dirk Viol. 2050 E. Edgewood Dr F36, Lakeland, Fl 33803 THE FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 79

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Tvr( 46de A at 1 ........ Adams Ranch A d sit .......... Amarilo Video Ation .... A ismsrica :i Il, ssds Service Amcricn Sinsmeinal Anhinga Fariis. .. Arcadia I S. Miksi. Atrii ilialiser I irnins Bakdwin Lerov .. lzar A Biangins B 1) D Ranch Itar-i i ngi.n. lanle .... lack Bull .. BakShadow Angis .. Illie ill l i .slu .n. .. : Izlln liii ~ im Hinngs lreeders Castle N gent ..k n Cattlen-n I .S Ma et & I I I a m &I I ('u1 e ,, .. Cemn FL I Iahma Biecs ( I al Packing .. hiimbless I lrefords 1 n ills Ra ch Clthipco H av \Van .. Chapman and Co i Chapman, James C. 3 Chipi n L.S. Maiset (< eI Seldenikand. ils i I iiotnisin (ircli R Ranich ( ik hopelii ties CoI umbia MarKet Cirg m Ranch owPalice Markel Sow, [',i Ranch 0 ncm Rainch .. AI Niniinal leialil. C-ypes' k ck Ranch I ini K Riich Sen ice IinisiI intntler. IDannzler innlers Dli Ruin e hl. .i We R,,,,C Herord PIwmond i ( I lerelo I ieu c Ii o Iliilcs Ilnrech, I I I Dixi Plan taion ini .ii. .. ) i ;ttl S inn] Dr) 1 re k .. Dda, A. & Son, D u ger T ent .. Dothanereford. Eckmnan Rauh 1Dorado Ranc Einliger Red Anglis F I ri ediI ... irst American Vido F inn I and 'title .l ini Rivs Mills I Iod nu N NI. I H.fee[ Coune l Wi. Id Ss ain i-t~ sins Inis In o"Il nI ininsnisin sni iiind i I i Nhni Esss I nelini .29 38 .14 .76 72 .66 .23 .2S .50 .30 .20 .20 70 29 .21) 66 7 63 30 79 .2 72 .60 .0 0, 60 .71 .6 70 30 311 50 7 3 66, 7S) 67. 77 .20 .60 56 .32 64 2 o .7 10 56 66 ;6 .32 64 .37 54, 55 .40 So 20 19 30 34, 7(5 iolida Polled s I ereford .s Florida Santa Ger[Idis. Floridl Simmental .. Free n Cattle Co. .... Gain s ille I.S. irke CG'; ille Stockman Suppv. .Y GeninniniSp ngs. .. Ga. Lii si nskEqi. .nin. Cingnerlnie cialrin Craliam Angus Fail Gianada Land & Cattle .--. Gree nay Angus. .-. Haile-Dean Seed Co. Ilalpion House Bralinias I ardee harm Iaridee Market ... RogCe Iharlo f I-anus. Harrell Eqiiliiiieip i .. I hassel Simmininenal I cldennlid &i S i Ss Ielsdon Ranich IHoney Ridge Farm John 111111 .*. ..-H hton Lanod Catue Ind. sorida Agrinet international rao rd,. International Ranch ... Interstate ivestock Market .7. Irnwiiood i .. Iriington Iarms Ioa Coie Co Jabah Ranch ... .IsiC Rnic i .s. .. k(ir im insn .M .. Joednd CHeenan e aKe P t .inni.l ..... Kaw ach C. ... Kissmme Inislia trRUIII Kisinsie I S. NIarketn,. I s icnis .Fi d. iLiske Cinils Raci. Ills01 ClnC I it e n ern .ic ..... Iittil hirincl s. Lykes Ag iles .. I \ kes Wood Piod. D I. NI & NI Suppil \151) .Ngei.42. Nadison StockardS Mlagri.der Farnl ...... MnI a m ii ..IS ..I. Mathew nns Rnn.n Mc~yre Ranch Micheloni Ploperties MisnerCesst Falm I Jim Minsi Land Finish Mo B aingus. Monicello Sockar nd, line Noornan nn Ngl Ci Nathe & GodI TexaS Longhorns N O BA ..C .i I ss .Ir Nith I la. I arners I S Mikt Norilwst HOida L.S. M1.ki N utrena ....2, i2. O na I k Nad Brs. .. Olkseschobeis I S NMarket. (I Risniks S, mid III sene. I )liirie Canttle Sereis Funn. I cciortin. P.7I) ... Pence V'illey. .I I. Philina's Custom Sere. NIC Pig Pine Acics Ranch Pinie Pasture Fims .. Pineview Fa s. .. Polk Calf Sale. Powde 'uff Ranch rcon kinei Quail Roost Farm R and 1) Branus .,. Reb Brahnmas. Registei Farms. Ridgecrest Farm Rivn r Diide Sam Robinson Club Calves Rocking S Ranch ROckingnr T Rancl ANky Rogens Rolin Agri-P oducI' Rown and Sons Saddle Rack Sans Souci Sama I e Rinsvr Ranch Select Sis "Send Fresh Hoi Seven-Eieven ...... Seven Lau Eleven Ieelinaster Shlnrnn Ann I arn s. John Shepard & So I iimo Simmons Limousin Smith Rach S.E. Beefmiaster S.E. Brangus ...... S.E Longlioin Assn. Stac k, G .T ........ Siage C oachi Raici. Stiiinakiks Broilis. Stadist Ranch Stevens Anms Ranch Stockman Supply Co Strong Post StiinCture Stuart, K ... W.H. Stuat Ranch .. Sinneiir C0onmnt) market Sonny Girove Braiordin n .i .s Su n nset Ranch. S s"iater C Ie Serce I-Bar Ranch .. P iil 1 .nin .i i I'Iinipson Botn lie. 1TInrue li D ^ on T-hree Ponds Ranch Iindel' iwstock lrnple G I imnousin. Tripl R Ranch Trojan L/S Equip Inncker flee] masters I icker, G. A. Turn~bUll Crleek Beeft' erCS U.S. Supr Corp ....... Valley Emierprises .. SVsicke ills I Cserds. Cill N iss Walpole E .ipm. SN RI.molledn edr Wams Bros" is H W c., Williamns Wilsomn, Pai ...... ChIn Is N oinm .... /nlppersr i Bs ii insers .. 80 TIIE FLORIDA CATrLEMAN JUIN 1987 H.L. RUBIN, D.V.M. Fla. Dept. of Agriculture Residual drugs in foods of animal origin that reach marketing channels is one of the greatest concerns of the USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS). Failure on the part of the producers to follow proper guidelines when administering drugs or when applying agricultural chemicals can result in the condemnation of thousands of pounds of food products. The use of drugs and chemicals in animal production and other agricultural pursuits has been extremely beneficial in improving production and reducing losses caused by disease, parasites and insects. The use of drugs in animal production has varied from low levels of antibiotics in feed to injections and implants in the animal itself. Medicated feeds have been an extremely useful tool to the animal industry in the prevention and treatment of disease. Likewise, chemicals have been useful to control certain ectoparasites. In the development of the various drugs and agricultural chemicals, the manufacturers spend millions of dollars conducting extensive field trials and tests to prove the efficacy and safety of the products and to determine how long it takes to eliminate these products from the animal's body (withdrawal time). The results of these extensive trials and tests must be reviewed by various federal agencies before approval is given to the manufacturer to market these various products. When these products are placed on the market, the manufacturer is required to supply explicit instructions regarding the use of the product and the withdrawal time. Despite all these precautions, drug and chemical residue problems, such as the presence of antibiotics in vealers, sulfonamides in pork, arsenic in chicken livers, pesticide in meat and meat products, occur. The wide use of drugs in animal feed and the report of residues in meat and milk products have generated unfavorable publicity for the industries involved. The recent report that certain species of Salmonella are developing a drug resistance because of the presence of

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low levels of antibiotics in the feed may have a serious effect on the use of antibiotics in animal production. Drug and chemical contamination is a management problem. Contamination occurs when an animal is treated or fed a medicated or chemical contaminated feed. In the dairy herd, one of the greatest sources of contamination is feeding milk from the pot-herd, which is usually heavily contaminated with antibiotics, to dealers or bob calves. When feeding this drug-contaminated milk, this milk must be considered a medication and the withdrawal period, which would be the same as if the calf had been medicated directly, must be followed. Drug and chemical residue contamination can be caused by (1) overdosing or overtreating animals, (2) feeding medicated feeds, or (3) feeding drug or chemical contaminated feeds. Most drug-contamination violations occur as a result of the producer failing to follow the manufacturer's instructions or failing to identify treated animals and sending these treated animals to slaughter before the end of the withdrawal period. Drug residue contamination can be prevented by: 1. Identifying all animals being treated. 2. Reading and following the manufacturer's directions. The label and instructions must be read each time a new package of the drug is opened. Changes in the dosage and/ or withdrawal time can occur. 3. Keeping records of drugs and animals treated. Record drug's name, lot number, withdrawal period and treatment dates. 4. Not overdosing or overtreating animals. 5. Not sending treated animals to slaughter until the withdrawal period has ended. Treated animals that leave the premises before the withdrawal period has ended may have violation levels of the drug at the time of slaughter. By following these simple rules, drug residue problems may be avoided. Recently, a Food Animal Residue Avoidance Data Bank (FARAD) has been established. This data bank, with information offices in Gainesville, Urbana, Illinois and Davis, California, is a computer-based system designed to provide livestock Producers, livestock extension specialists and veterinarians with practical information on drugs, pesticides and environmental contaminants that have the greatest potential for being present in animal tissues at the time of slaughter. The primary goals of the FARAD program are (1) to ensure that only those foods of animal origin that are free of residues reach marketing channel and (2) to support the responsible use of veterinary drugs in livestock by providing veterinarians with information on the disposition and fate of drugs in a variety of food animal species. The information available through FARAD can be used by your veterinarian to prevent residue-contaminated animals and animal products from entering the human food supply. Management (Continued from page 69) between calving difficulty, calf size and pelvic area. Calves were divided into six groups by 10 pound increments of birth weight. They observed no calving difficulty in heifers giving birth to calves under 50 pounds. All heifers having pelvic areas less than 150 square cm experienced calving difficulty. They also observed that as pelvic area increased the incidence of calving difficulty decreased (Figures I & 2). They concluded that it would require about 20 square cm more of pelvic area for each 10 pound increase in birth weight, if percent dystocia remained fairly constant. In addition, pelvic size was found to increase in a linear fashion from breeding to calving time at the rate of .5 cm2 daily. Knowing this, one can calculate, at any time from breeding age up, the approximate individual pelvic area at the time of calving. Predicting dystocia in cattle is very difficult. Though calf birth weight affects dystocia more than any single factor, one must keep in mind that a large birth weight is not all bad. Birth weights are positively correlated to future weights, such as weaning and yearling weights. Summary The "tools" presented in this paper are vastly under utilized by commercial cattlemen. In fact, only a handful of aggressive purebred cattle producers have and/or use these types of data. However, as more commercial cattlemen insist upon needing these data in their selection of bulls, purebred cattle breeders will be forced to provide them if they expect to remain in business. Commercial cattlemen should demand and receive accurate, complete, readable and reliable production data from seed stock producers. Time is fast running out on bulls with no known production backgrounds. SEEDS CALL WISE SEED COMPANY, INC. (813) 635-4473 Route 1, Box 7 Frostproof, Fla. 33843 Available for Spring Planting Sorghum Sudangrass Hybrid Gahi IlIl Millet Japanese Millet Browntop Millet Aeschynomene Alyce Clover Hairy Indigo Argentine Bahia Paraguayan Bahia Pensacola Bahia Bermuda SHARE HARVEST PROGRAM Supervised by owner and sons MODERN PROCESSING and Warehouse facilities SEEDS-Our Only Business (Registered, Licensed and Bonded) UNDECIDED? NYES I1ES Advertising Aids Your Personal Salesmanship For full details call: I 4 j~lotida AND LINESTOCK JOILRNAL P.O. Box 1403 Kissimmee, FL 32741 305/846-2800 800/432-9192 THL FLORIDA CATTLEMAN / JULY 1987 / 81

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Ja~aiR3c~ RED BRANGUS A commercial cow/calf producer needs to cross breed for hybrid vigor. He needs the benefits of some Brahman influence to cope with the environment. Most want to produce their own replacement heifers for assured quality and to reduce the chance of diseases. But, the market discounts for too much hump and too much ear. Why not consider a rotational cross breeding program using the polled, gentle, inter se Red Brangus from Jabali'? Edwin A. Thompson OFFICE: P.O. Box 1017 Bartow, Florida 33830 813-533-8313 RANCH: Ona, Florida 813-735-0958 N' 82 THE FLORIDA CATTI EMAN JUly 1987 The program will work, if we let it The following editorial article was written by Richard L. Spader, executive vice president of the American Angus Association, St. Joseph, Missouri. His comments are timely and on target. The attitude many cattle people have about the beef checkoff program could endanger our entire industry. For example, in a recent issue of a national cattle magazine were four letters to the editor-one supported the program and three expressed dissatisfaction in one form or another. This seems to be about the average ratio, for and against the program, that appears in the letters column of many publications. If we keep this up, we could well talk ourselves right out of approving the checkoff program next year. And failure to approve it will dash most of the hopes for bringing the U.S. beef industry into the 20th century before we are confronted with demands of the 21st century a few years from now. Too many cattle producers sit around and carp about the beef checkoff and promotion programs. They fuss about the cost of hiring spokespersons, they are put off by the tone of the ads, or they just resent the $1 per head deduction for advertising and promotion. Maybe Garner is over the hill, or Cybill could have buttoned one more button on her blouse. But these are not the problems. The problem seems to be that these cattle producers and others like them really don't believe (in the face of all evidence to the contrary) that the beef industry has a problem. If they did, their attitude would be much different. Most of us, if were as sick as consumer beef demand has been, would search out the best doctor we could find. We wouldn't worry about how he looked, or if his wife is nice. We wouldn't care whether he drives a Lincoln or a Lynx. All we would want to know is how good he is at doing his job. We would demand results, not complain about how he achieves them. But many checkoff program critics don't apply this formula to our suffering beef industry. Instead, what do we get? One lady wrote to the magazine editor that her "beef-fed" daughter would work for a lot less money then Cybill Shepherd. "No wonder we farmers are broke," she said. Don't bother her with the fact that farmers were going broke long before the checkoff, and that saving $1 a head on all cattle they sell would have no measurable effect on their ability to pay off their debts. I won't pass judgement on her "beef-fed" daughter's ability to sell more beef than Shepherd. Another letter writer complained that we should have a sports figure or a country singer, or both, pushing beef. Movie stars do get into trouble now and then, but spare us from sports figures or country singers. A third self-appointed critic groused that he, and other cattlemen he has talked with, "have not been impressed" with the TV ads. His conclusion is ...it will be very difficult to ensure the passage of the referendum." Well, he is right about that, if nothing else. As far as I could tell, none of these people claimed to be experts in advertising or public relations. They are about as well qualified to evaluate an advertising program as Cybill is qualified to evaluate their cattle management program. They just don't like what they see-a bit like picking their doctor based on his office decor rather than upon his intelligence and ability. None of the complaining letter writers mentioned, for example, that the advertising agency in charge of the beef advertising campaign is ranked among the best in the nation. The critics did not seem to know or care that studies done since the campaign started indicate that consumers remember the ads, like the message and get hungry for beef when they hear or see them. Even more important, the shallow criticism ignores the fact that attitudes about beef are already changing. We are a long way from pushing beef demand back to what it was in the 1970's, but finally we appear to be headed in the right direction. And much of this change has been fostered by programs funded by the checkoff. Cut off the flow of money and we'll cut off these programs. So the next time someone tells you that they don't like Cybill or James, or that we are paying them too much money, or that the program doesn't work, or that cattle producers just can't afford to invest $1 per animal sold to support advertising and promotion-give them the facts. We must determine in a vote next year how we will conduct our beef business in the 21st century. In the meantime we can't afford to be held back by those cattle people who still operate with a 19th Century mentality. ~

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"I COULDN'T GET MY CATTLE TO ET fAY OTHER M INEEIL" '7'-7 Rocking F Ranch manager Bill Waggener and P.D.Q.'s Jim Pruett "I've noticed improvements in breed back, calf crop and weight gain." Bill Waggener, manager of Rex Farrior's Rocking F Ranch near Ocala is a true believer in P.D.Q. Before changing over to P.D.Q. approximately eighteen months ago, Waggener encountered problems in getting his herd to eat the mineral supplement he was feeding. "They simply wouldn't eat the stuff," Waggener said. "That's when I went to P.D.Q. And now that my cattle are getting the minerals they need, I've noticed improvements in breed back, calf crop and weight gain. Bill Waggener realizes these are important factors to consider in operating the Rocking F. Recently chosen as Range Man of the Year, Waggener also commented,"Another reason I like P.D.Q. is the people are so helpful. They're willing to help if I have any questions or problems." Put P.D.Q. to work for you. You and your cattle will know the difference. P TM Daily Essentials P.O. Box 116, Lakeland, FL 33802 Telephone: (813) 682-6144 Member, Florida Cattlemen's Association BECAUSE GRASS LONE IS NOT ENOGU0HTM 18o P.D.O. Company I

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AL AO Are you shipping your profits at weaning time out west? If so, keep your calves at home. Carry them through the winter and on to the spring grass. Put on economical weight gains and keep your profits at home. Feed Suga-Lik 612 with LTM/Fat. A product of U.S. Sugar Corporation Call (813) 983-7946 or 1-800-282-4418 or your nearest distributor. -a low