The Kwajalein hourglass

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The Kwajalein hourglass
Uniform Title:
Kwajalein hourglass
Place of Publication:
Kwajalein Aroll, Marshall Islands
Commander, U.S. Army Garrison- Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA/KMR)
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Military bases -- Periodicals -- Marshall Islands ( lcsh )
Military bases ( fast )
Marshall Islands ( fast )
Periodicals. ( fast )
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Periodicals ( fast )


General Note:
"U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands."

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University of Florida
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University of Florida
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This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
55731016 ( OCLC )
2004230394 ( LCCN )

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2 Contents of the Hourglass are not necessarily Garrison Commander .......Col. James DeOre Jr. Garrison CSM .................. Sgt. Maj. Todd Shirley Communications Manager ........... Jordan Vinson Communications Specialist ... Jessica Dambruch More than 50 volunteers from the Kwa jalein community gathered for a recep tion with U.S. Army Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll Command staff at the MP Room Tuesday, April 17. The special event is serving in the islands numerous private organizations. Volunteerism is a calling for some people. Its a way of life," said Col. James DeOre, USAG-KA commander, in his opening remarks. "I believe if you ask anyone in this room how they would feel if suddenly required to stop supporting others through volunteerism they would tell you that the absence of that work would leave a hole in their lives. This is a part of our nature. Way back in the years before we became a nation with plenty we were a nation with hardly enough. Our early years were about survival and the best way to ensure the survival of your family was to surround ourselves with people who would commit to the good of the community. DeOre recognized the many different areas, activities and groups in which vol unteers have made a positive difference for the island: coaching soccer, contrib uting time and hours at the Bargain Ba youth, directing the Kwajalein Running Club and doing outdoor maintenance. DeOre paid special recognition to Mel Sanchez, a 46-year resident of Kwajalein who alone has contributed 39,000 hours of volunteer time on the island. Following his remarks, DeOre person cate of appreciation from the garrison. Child and Youth Services Education Ser vice Specialist Julia Sektnan presented DeOre a check for nearly $900,000 rep resenting the value of the volunteers' contributions in and around Kwajalein. A dessert reception followed the event. Surrounded by volunteers from the Kwajalein community, U.S. Army Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll Commander Col. James DeOre holds aloft a check symbolizing the value of the those volunteers' contributions during the USAG-KA Recognition Event April 17. U.S. Army photo by Nikki Maxwell Carrie Aljure Maegan Aljure Joanna Battise Angel Bolton Sally Bulla Jaylynn Debaets Jessica Dambruch Shana Darrah Melissa Dethleson David Dethleson Alyssa England Hanah Finley Charissa Finn Misti French Caitlyn Gilbertson Jenna Gray Melissa Haislip Doug Hepler Alison Homuth Ashley Homuth Ashley Howe Mike Howe Kemem Family Wes Kirk Amy LaCoste Dan Laverty John Maxwell Jennifer Otto Monica Perry Jaque Phelon Patrick Phelon Jenny Prim Chelsea Reed La'Mesha Rhodes Megan Ropella Sam Rowe Shelbi Rowe Antonio Ruiz April Shirley Robert (Bob) Sholar Jane Sholar Julia Sholar Dennis Simpson Donna Simpson Steve Simpson Eleanor Talich Jim Talich John Taylor Riza Walker Abbie Warren Carla Warren THANK YOU, VOLUNTEERS!


3 Young CYS students in the early elementary program learn about paper rocket science in an afternoon activity in the Bako Building with Stephanie Sandige April 11. CYS Director Lauren Wallach tries out one of the playhouses at the CDC edu cation and play complex on Kwajalein in early April. U.S. Army photos by Jessica Dambruch Kwajalein's Child and Youth Services Coordinator, Dr. Lauren Wallach, is a Canadian-born New Yorker who fell for the warm climate of Texas and enjoys helping children learn. Wallach served as a school coun selor and psychologist and taught elementary school in the Dallas in dependent school district before ar riving on Kwajalein in February 2018. Wallach holds a doctorate in Educa tional Leadership, Youth and Child Studies and enjoys outdoor athlet ics. The Kwajalein Hourglass asked Wallach a few questions about her vision for the island CYS program. Kwajalein Hourglass: What inspired you to support the Army and work with FMWR? Lauren Wallach: With this age range I could hit every area Im interested in. Im partial to the little ones. I like just work ing with and being around children, and just watching how they learn and explore and grow. Its fun watching them learn. Their outlook could change in a day. Theyre like sponges [with] the things they hear and how they respond to learning. KH: I was surprised to learn that the pre-K curriculum is highly accredited. LW: It gives them the opportunity to ex plore their interests in a nonjudgmental, non-threatening way. The tone of the classrooms is very open and accepting, getting them ready to deal with other people. We have a very group-minded curriculum. We share with our friends, and we include our friends. Its not pull ing the children away from each other. Its getting them to solve problems. Its get ting them to interact and solve problems. ing things out. KH: If I had a two-year old, what might she do on any given day at the Child Development Center (CDC)? LW: Reading stories and books! We want to encourage the love of reading and books. We do a lot of hands-on [learning and] we have themes. Were doing the earth right now and learning about na ture and the outdoors. We did a scavenger hunt the other day. Believe it or not, we We also explore centers, like housekeep ing, blocks, reading, science. The children get to explore those spaces in a struc tured free time, and then have lessons. It's a series of creative learning activities designed to help them learn. KH: How would you encourage a parent to check out your programs? LW: Well, the socialization for sure. We never have less than two adults with any group of children, so they have the chance to socialize safe in groups. Were very strictly regulated with ratios. KH: So there is more supervision and safety at all times? LW: Yes. Youre not going to have intense care and supervision or training with one [caregiver]. Youre not going to get that in any one personyou get it in all of us and the activities we can provide instead. Were all [also] highly trained in terms of First-Aid and CPR and were well-versed in the curriculum. I think value for the dol well taken care of. Theres accountability. KH: Whats your philosophy of learning? LW: I like hands-on learning! I learn best by exploring. I never grew out of my child. I think thats how all people learnget ting their hands dirty and walking away, feeling defeated or like they didnt get that, and coming back and trying again. Its the challenge of it or the fun of it. KH: What are some of the things youre really excited to do here and try? LW: The curriculum is really set. I look forward to involving parents more and portunities. We are planning on making things more accessible for parents to visit For more information about Child and Youth Services programs on Kwajalein, upcoming activities or to speak with an instructor, supervisor or classroom as sistant about classes and curriculum, please contact 5-2158.


4 NASAs Wallops Flight Facil ity and astronomers, physi cists and students from Penn State and the Univer sity of Colorado-Boulder joined forces to launch a pair of custom-built spec trograph telescope pay loads into the thermo sphere from Roi-Namur this atop a Terrier and Black Brant IX rocket assembly from the Speedball pad on Roi. Pictured is the April 16 4:47 a.m. launch of the Col orado High-resolution Ech elle Stellar Spectrograph 4 (CHESS-4) rocket, the sec ond of the two experiments. More coverage of the exper iments will show up in next week's Hourglass. U.S. Army photo by Jordan Vinson U.S. Army Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll Facebook page. For command information questions, please contact Public Affairs at 54848. 1. Introducing Bruce Mor gan, Kwaj Hospital pro gram manager, and Steven Kass, Kwaj hospital admin istrator. The duo are two will increase the capabil ity of the hospital to better serve the community. 2. answers questions April 12 during a Kwajalein Fire Station tour. 3. Dining Ser vices employee Akino Smith displays the volunteer ap preciation cake prepared for the special volunteer event. 4. Volunteers visit together at the MP Room. From left, Riza Walker, Chelsea Reed and Misti French await the 1 2 3 4 U.S. Army photos by Jessica Dambruch and Mary Beth Taylor


5 The Kwajalein MIT Lincoln Laboratory Field Site will be conducting the 10th Annual RMI Infor mation Technology Internship this summer, June 9-August 18, 2018. All RMI citizens that have are scheduled from 8 a.m. to noon on April 24 and 26 at the Ebeye CMI Campus. Please direct Kwajalein: 805-355-5105 or UON IEN KOKEMELMEL


6 Mason Otto Grace Otto 1 2 3 4 5 John Crooker Lyla Otto Chase Otto Send Your Child's Photo To The Kwajalein Hourglass Active duty service members or military veterans with children residing on Kwajalein, may sub mit a photo of your Kwaj kid(s) to the Hourglass newspaper to be published in a special tribute to our military children and their support of their parents service. Include the childs name, age, school grade and the parents military branch, rank and years of service with the photo sub mission. Send photos and details to kwajalein by Wednesday, April for more information. By U.S. Army Installation Management The U.S. Army observes the Month of the Military Child to recognize and honor the commitment, contributions and sac nation through the strength they provide the Soldiers and Families. This year marks the 32nd anniversary of the Department of Defense designat ing April as Month of the Military Child. The Army recognizes Month of the Military Child as an opportunity to rec ognize and respect the unique challenges the military children face and overcome. The Army remains fully committed to helping families become and stay strong by offering a variety of programs and ser vices through U.S. Army Installation Man agement Command. There are more than 215,779 children and youth registered in Child and Youth Services programs. The Army remains committed to these military Family members to honor the the nation. This year's theme, "Brave Hearts, Re silient Souls," will help the nation un derstand how important the military children are, no matter where they are stationed. Leadership, garrisons and any appropriate Guard and Reserve lo cations execute communications efforts and events with communities to show appreciation to Families and inspire fu ture generations. Special events include the Young Lives, Big Stories contest, where mili tary children are invited to share their experiences and win prizes, and Opera tion Megaphone, where military teens join with others in a worldwide lock-in scheduled for April 27 and 28. As the nation prepares for the fu ture, the Army recognizes that children will continue to experience and work through the challenges of relocations, deployments, and reintegration and, if needed, care for their wounded Soldier parent. Through specialized programs and trained staff, the Army will continue to anticipate and address the evolving needs of Soldiers and Families to ensure they are healthy, ready and self-reliant. Why is this important to the Army? Month of the Military Child allows the Army to recognize, applaud, and cele brate the resilience of military children and youth and their role in ensuring a ready force now and into the future. Military children are the epitome of strength and resilience who contribute to enabling the Soldiers to focus on de fending the nation. Strengthening chil dren and families makes the all-volun teer Army stronger as a whole. Strong and resilient Army children contribute to the success of the Army's mission.


7 6 Austin Maxwell Claudia Bellerice Erik Lacaria The Kennedy Sisters The Reed Sisters The Read Sisters 7 9 10 11 12 Athena LaBrie 8 1) John Crooker, 14, is in the 8th grade and is the son of David Crooker of Berry Aviation International. David served in the U.S. Army for 26 years, achieving 2-5) Lyla Otto, 8, Chase Otto, 4, Mason Otto, 6, Grace Otto, 10, are the children Ryan is an aviator with USAG-KA Direc torate of Logistics and has served in the U.S. Army for 15 years. 6) Austin Maxwell, 19, is a Senior at Kwa jalein High School. He enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps delayed entry program in December 2017 and will report to boot camp in June. He is the son of John and Nikki Maxwell of USAG-KA, who both served in the U.S. Navy. John retired at 22 years of service. Nikki served 14 years as a Navy journalist, earned the rank of 7) Claudia Bellerice, 13, is in eighth grade Sgt. Christina Barnes of USAG-KA, who has served in the U.S. Army for 16 years 8) Erik Lacaria, 5, is the son of Maj. Dan Lacaria and Martina of USAG-KA. Dan has served in the U.S. Army for 16 years 9) born to Tim and Ursula LaBrie of USAGKA, who are both U.S. Army veterans. Tim (military Police) is the Chief of Po lice and Ursula (military intelligence/ JSTARS/airborne) is the USAG-KA com mand administrative assistant. Together they have seven combined deployments. Athena has lived in three countries, and has traveled to more than 15 countries and three continents. She dreams of be ing a paleontologist and archeologist when she grows up. 10) Catherine, 14, and Lauren, 9, Kenne dy are the daughters of Lt. Col. Chris Ken nedy of Kwajaleins Regan Test Site. Chris has served 21 years in the U.S. Army thus far. Both girls attend St. Anne-Pacelli Catholic School in Columbus, Georgia. Catherine is in eighth grade, and Lauren is in fourth grade. 11) The Reed sisters. FROM LEFT: Jaycie, 19, Penny, 13, Violet, 7, Glory, 10, and payden, 15, are the daughters of Brad and Chelsea Reed of USAG-KA. Brad served nine years in the U.S. Army and is 12) Teagan, 11 and Anaya Read, 7, are the daughters of Carl and Karen Read of USAGKA. Carl retired from U.S. Army at rank of


8 By Bob Sholar Back in early 1980 some of the Kwa jalein Running Club's active members were relaxing together after a week end jog and raised the possibility of organizing one of those then unusual swim-bike-run endurance events called triathlons. Most of those present give the event origin credit to Denny Bunn, a Kentron at Kwajalein recovering objects from the Lagoon bottom. Denny, coinci dentally, in the late 1970s founded the Kwajalein Swim Team (for kids) that still exists today. The RustMan founding group dis cussed the (then) new and incred ibly grueling Hawaii Ironman Triath lon (swim 2.5-miles, bike 112-miles, run 26.2-miles), where 12-hours was able people, and wanting at least one participant in their Kwajalein triathlon, they elected to use distances of roughly 1/4 of the Ironman: swim 1-kilometer, bike 42-kilometers, and run 10-kilome ters. They selected the tongue-in-cheek name "RustMan," thinking it somehow appropriate for Kwajalein. The Rust mere 2-to-4 hours. They were right. Each year since then, 20-to-60 people have completed RustMan in April or May. In 1990 a team section was added, increasing participation. Finishers are awarded custom T-shirts, often worn to the rag stage. Little did the founders know that their creation would last over three decades ers among past and current residents, including a score or so visitors. Another thousand have participated on teams. KRC will conduct the 39th annual Rust Man Triathlon on Monday, April 23. Yes, at Kwajalein, we have one of the old est annual triathlons in existence. If you want to watch the race, the swim starts at 4 p.m. near the dock security check point and proceeds through the water ski area to Emon Beach. A good vantage point to watch the biking and running is from anywhere along 9th street. The bike route travels 9th Street six times and the run route travels 9th street three times. Beach by 6:15 p.m. Finishers are expected to continue to arrive through 8 p.m. The competitors are hoping for favor able winds come April 23 to make their bike riding easier, but windy or not, some 60 athletes are expected to participate. Come on out and cheer them on. It is not too late to form a team or do the event solo if you are already in reasonable condition. A shorter triathlon for youngsters, the "Rusty Family" will be held two weeks later, starting at Emon Beach at 4:30 p.m. on Monday, May 7. Distances are 500yard swim, 10-mile bike and 2-mile run. Scenes from RustMan 38. FROM LEFT: Former resident Ted Schultz, Ursula Labrie, Kristin Miller and Wes Kirk, a lone swimmer and Julia Sholar compete in the 2017 triathlon. If you're not running this year, come out to support the event and cheer! Thursday, May 3 at 6 p.m. High School MP Room Friday, May 4 at 11:30 a.m. Tradewinds Theater The United States Coast Guard will be gathering information regarding Kwajalein Atoll waterway aids to navigation. The community is invited to a town hall to discuss issues and suggestions to improve our waterways. The Waterways User Town Halls are open to all waterways commercial, recreational, and military users.


9 Say a USAG-KA-wide disaster strikes, one that cuts off residents access to electricity, water, shopping and communications. Will you and your family be ready? Read on to learn about the sundry items to go out and grab in order to complete your own survival kit. In the event of a crippling event, such as a destructive ty phoon, youll be glad you did. First grab a large travel bag or suitcase and then cram it with these items. This is what youll want to bring along to the evacuation shelter in the event of a disaster. 1) A one-gallon jug of water for each person in your household 2) A one-day supply of non-perishable food to cover every person in your household 3) Manual can opener 4) Eating utensils, plates, cups and so on 5) Sensible clothing 6) Rain gear, such as ponchos 7) One blanket for each family member 8) First-aid kit 9) Short-term supply of all required prescription medi cations taken by members of the household 10) Short-term supply of common over-the-counter medications 11) Personal hygiene items like travel-sized shampoos, soaps, toothpaste and so on 12) Battery powered radio 13) Flashlight 14) Fresh batteries 15) Entertainment items for kidsbooks and small toys will do 16) Plastic bags to protect items from water 17) Pet food In addition to preparing a go bag to take along to the evacuation shelter, you should also prepare a post-di saster supply kit. This should be packed in a water-tight container and left inside your living quarters. It could be a game changer during the post-disaster phase after residents clear out of evacuation shelters. Heres what youll need. 1) A three-day supply of freshwater for each person in your household. *At least one gallon per person per day cover all family members 3) Hats 4) Sunscreen 5) Insect repellant 6) Baby wipes 7) Towels 9) Propane or charcoal for grill 10) Short-term supply of all required prescription medi cations taken by members of the household 11) Short-term supply of common over-the-counter medications 12) Pet food Aerosol cans Air bags Alcohol and liquids in general Fresh fruits and veggies Nail polish Gasoline One could think of literally hundreds or thousands of items medical waste, endangered animals and narcotics are a few obvious examples. Others, such as nail polish, rat poison and wine For a full accounting of country-wide prohibited items, visit


10 WEATHER DISCUSSION: The Intertropical Convergence leav-ing Kwajalein on the northern edge of shower activ ity. Fresh trade winds from 20-25 knots situ-ated between Kwajalein, Wake and Guam. A surface trough is approaching the Ralik chain. This surface trough will pass over Kwajalein Friday night into Saturday. As it does so, the ITCZ will move northward for the weekend and be stationary at Kwajalein latitudes next week. Expecting to receive above average pre cipitation this weekend into next week. SATURDAY/SUNDAY/MONDAY FORECAST: Cloudy and wet this weekend. Scattered to occasional showers, winds de ers may cause higher gusts. MID-WEEK FORECAST: Mostly cloudy and scattered show Sunday Beef Yakisoba Steamed Rice Assorted Gravy Thursday Jerk Chicken Curry Beef White Rice April 28 Meat Loaf Savory Baked Chicken Mashed Potatoes Thursday Chicken Cordon Bleu Baked Fish Rice Pilaf Friday Orange Chicken Egg Rolls Fried Rice Friday Fried Chicken Pot Roast Steamed Rice Monday Bombay Chicken Dirty Rice Fried Okra Wednesday Sauerbrauten Brown & White Rice Broccoli Parmesan Monday Lasagna Parsley Potatoes Hopping John Rice Sunday Beef and Noodles Rice Pilaf Succotash Tuesday Pepper Steak Steamed Rice Oven Browned Potatoes Wednesday Prime Ribs Rotisserie Chicken Mashed Sweet Potatoes Tuesday Beef Stew Basmati Rice Loaded Mashed Potatoes April 28 Grilled Ribeye Steak Shrimp Scampi Dirty Rice Captain Louis S. Zamperini Dining Facility *MENU CURRENT AS OF APRIL 21 USAG-KA Residents Beginning May 1, 2018, DynCorp International, in association with AAFES, is providing resi ginning April 25 and no later than May 5, you can continue or activate your residential internet service on Kwajalein by visiting Bldg. 702 Cash Cage, between 1 5 p.m., Tues *Complete a DI residential internet service agreement; check, credit card or military Star card is accepted; and *Ensure your account information is up to date and paid through April 2018. The monthly fee is based on the estimated number of subscribers, cost of supplying the improved U.S.-based ser vice, increased bandwidth (200 MBs) and customer tech nical support. For billing questions call bldg 702 at 3550853 and technical questions call Peter Davis at 355-3511. The current residential internet service is discontinued as of April 30, 2018. Kwajalein Reclaimed Water Standard Violation Violation ikijen kakien eo kon Reclaimed Water eo ion Kwajalein


11 6:30 p.m. in the MP Room. Enjoy a delicious beverage and treat while you view the gorgeous art work made by talented 7th-12th grade artists. Our art theme this year is Journey. Theme-appro welcome. The 30th Annual Ballroom Din ner Dance will be held on Sun day, May 6 at 6:30 p.m. in the MP Room. Hosted by the talented Kwajalein HS Stage Band, the evening includes a catered din ner and dancing with live music provided by the band. Tickets for the event are $45 and all pro ceeds help fund the band pro gram at KHS. Contact Kyle Miller for tickets: 5-1167 or millerk@ The Kwajalein Art Guild an nounces their annual Spring Art & Craft Fair taking place on Mon day, April 30 from noon-4 pm. in the MP Room. A great place to cal artists, crafters and vendors. E-Wareness: Ocean Disposal: Garbage In, Garbage Out. Waste disposal into the ocean isnt per mitted. Keep the ocean clean and be rewarded with beautiful wa jet. Ejab melim jolok kwobej ko ilojet. Kejbarok lomalo in ad non emonlok eo an kab lonlok in eek! May Learn to Swim Class An nouncement Session Dates: May 2-25. Wednesdays and Fridays (8 sessions). Levels III, IV, and V, 3:45:15 p.m. Levels I and II 4:30 p.m. Cost: $50 per par ticipant Participants must be at least 4 years old. Registration: April 24-29, 2018. For questions and registration: Contact Cliff Pryor at 5-2848. HELP WANTED To research and apply for gov ernment employment oppor tunities on U.S. Army GarrisonKwajalein Atoll and worldwide, visit COMMUNITY NOTICES RustMan 39 Swim-Bike-Run Triathlon is scheduled for April 23. For information, to register or volunteer as race time staff, please contact Bob and Jane Sholar, H: 5-1815. Please main tain safety diligence during train ing! The Golf Course will be closed early at 4 p.m. on April 23 and May 7 to accommodate the Rust Man 39 and Rusty Family Triath lons. Earth Day 2018. A World With out Pollution: Please join us for the annual oceanside shoreline cleanup event from 9-11 a.m. on Monday, April 23. Meet at the trash bags, and drinking water and ice will be provided. Please bottle. For more information, call 5-1134. B-Boat License course to be held April 25 and 27 from 6:30-8:30 p.m. at CRC Room 1. Anyone wanting to take the course must pre-register at the Small Boat Marina. The next Island Orientation for new hires will be held on Wednesday the 25th of April at 12:30PM in the Corlett Rec reation Center (CRC) Room 6. Please send an email to LOG or call Asia Williams @ 5-5169 to register. Art Show and Spartan Espresso. Saturday, April 28 from 4:30The Optometrist, Dr. Chris Yama moto will be on Kwajalein and will see patients on 13 through May 24. Please call the Hospi tal for eye exam appointment at 5-2223/5-2224. hospital. Please call 5-5362 to schedule. Offering support to any resident, employee or de pendent. Congrats to all the Biggest Loser Competitors, they are "Bambi" in the lead for wom en with -4.8% and "Winnie the Pooh" leads the men with -6.85%. There are 10 contes tants still needing to weigh in. Please call 5-5362. April 28 Burger Bar Chicken Noodle Soup Baked Meatloaf April 28 Vegetable Soup Braised Beef Short Ribs Mac and Cheese Friday Pot Roast Baked Pollock Fish Brown Rice Sunday Turkey Noodle Soup Beef Yaki Soba Roasted Potatoes Thursday Clam Chowder Jerk Chicken Curried Beef Thursday Fried Chicken Night Rice Pilaf Peas and carrots Friday Egg Drop Soup Orange Chicken Corned Beef Monday Bombay Chicken Dirty Rice Wednesday Chicken Gumbo Sauterbrauten BBQ Chicken Sunday Herbed Chicken Lemon Pepper Fish Rice Pilaf Monday Minestrone Soup Meat Lasagna Garlic Toast Tuesday Taco Tuesday Chicken Tortilla Soup Pepper Steak Wednesday Steak Night Roasted Chicken Steamed Rice Tuesday Chicken Cordon Bleu Beef Stew Steamed Rice Caf Roi *MENU CURRENT AS OF APRIL 21 Weekend Movies Yuk Theater, Kwajalein Saturday, April 21 Star Wars: The Last Jedi (PG-13) Sunday, April 22 Paddington 2 (PG-13) Monday, April 23 Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle (PG-13) Tradewinds Theater, Roi Saturday, April 21 Proud Mary (R) Sunday, April 22 Maze Runner: Coco (PG) *All features begin at 7:30 p.m. Child and Youth Services Presents Month of the Military Child Carnival


12 You've probably wondered why the forecast always calls for showers when theres nothing on the radar. Most fore casts produced by our meteorologists include some sort of showers, but how often does it actually rain? To answer this question, Id like to ex plain the process our meteorologists go through to create a forecast for this tiny Ocean. Models take in observations to create initial conditions that will be used to look into the future, constrained by the basic laws of physics. Models within the United States or anywhere within the var ious continents are very good at predict ing weather because there are many ob servations available. However, across the Models dont perform so well without a good starting state. Our degreed meteo rologists interpret the model outputs for the area, combine it with current satellite wind measurements and imagery, radar and surface analyse to create forecasts. The output of that process is to state a probability of precipitation (PoP) greater than 0.01 inches. PoP is related to expect ed shower coverage within the atoll. (See Table 1 for the descriptor words used for each probability.) So how often does it actually rain here on Kwajalein? A journal article authored by Kevin E. Trenbeth and Yongxin Zhang within the Bulletin of the American Mete answer. Zhang determined a precipitation rate of 0.02 mm per hour (0.0008 inches per hour), or a trace amount of rainfall, would qualify as a rain event. They studied the degrees South latitudes. They concluded through their research that it rains 11 percent of the time across the world. They also found that it rains 8 percent of the time over land and 12 per cent of the time over the oceans. Through their research, Trenbeth and Zhang found total precipitation was determined more by precipitation frequency instead of in tensity of rainfall. These areas of the high est frequencies are located in the tropi cal convergence zones [the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and South Pa where monsoon rains occur. Kwajalein is located within one of these areas of high frequency of precipitation (see graphic to the right). According to Trenbeth and Zhangs research on hourly data, Kwajalein experiences rain roughly 30 percent of the time for any given hour. They also found that Kwajalein experi ences reportable precipitation between 60% percent and 70 percent of days in any given year. This data is backed up by the RTS Weather data that states Kwaja lein experienced some kind of precipita tion for 66 percent of the days from Janu ary 2000 and December 2009. So does it really rain as much as our meteorologists forecast? According to re search and historical data, Kwajalein is lo cated in a wet part of the world. There are more days with precipitation than days without precipitation. In short, it is al most always raining at some point within the Kwajalein Atoll region at some point during the day. That is why our forecasts almost always state showers. Annual average of the percentage of time precipitation more than 0.02 mm per hour for (top) hourly, (middle) 3 hourly, and (bottom) daily data. [From Bulletin of the American Me teorological Society] Living in Paradise can cause us to forget how important being alert is in all we do. Because we are under no imminent threat here in Kwajalein, and threats seem a world away... but we must still be vigilant. Given recent world events, we know threats can come from anywhere, at any time. Do not be complacent. If you see something, say something. In the event of a life threatening emergency call 911, otherwise report all law enforcement or security concerns to 5-4445. Want to impress your friends with your weather knowledge?