The Kwajalein hourglass

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The Kwajalein hourglass
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Kwajalein hourglass
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Kwajalein Aroll, Marshall Islands
Commander, U.S. Army Garrison- Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA/KMR)
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"U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands."

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University of Florida
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University of Florida
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EXPLORE MEJATTO: ROI-NAMUR DOLPHINS AN OUTER ISLAND GEM P 8-11 TOAST CLUBS 50-YEAR HISTORYP 3 WWII AIRCRAFT WRECKS P 6-7 DIVE TEAM SURVEYS THIS WEEK Kwaj residents Eric Nystrom, right, Mike Symanski, middle, and former Kwaj resident Paul McGrew ready a dinghy to transport clothing items donated by Kwaj residents to villagers on Mejatto earlier this month. Jordan Vinson


2 The Kwajalein Hourglass is named for the insignia of the U.S. Army 7th Infantry Division, which liberated the island from the forces of Imperial Japan on Feb. 4, 1944. The Kwajalein Hourglass is an authorized publication for military personnel, federal em ployees, contractor workers and their families assigned to U.S. Army Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll. Contents of the Hourglass are not nec U.S. Government, Department of Defense, De partment of the Army or USAG-KA. It is published Saturdays in accordance with Army Regulation 360-1 and using a network printer by Kwajalein Range Services editorial staff. Phone: Defense Switching Network 254-2114; Local phone: 52114 Printed circulation: 650 Email: Garrison Commander.....Col. Michael Larsen Garrison CSM.......Sgt. Maj. Angela Rawlings Managing Editor ..................... Jordan Vinson Associate Editor .............. Jessica Dambruch Media Services Intern........Colleen Furgeson Yokwe to all island resi dents and welcome back to our island school staff and students beginning the new school year! I hope you all had an enjoy able summer vacation and are ready for a great academic year. I look forward to meeting all of the new stu dents, faculty and new residents soon. Its been an exciting summer for the Kwajalein Atoll. The Olympics clearly had everyones attention. One of our own Kwaj Kids, Colleen Ferguson, was there in Rio representing the RMI in the 50-meter 58 out of 88 Olympic competitors and, in my opinion, is the reigning Champion formed swimmers from Tonga, Palau and Micronesia. Weve had a steady stream of interest ing visitors. Most recently, our commu nity was treated to an exciting cultural performance by the crew of the Indone sian Naval Vessel, KRI Diponegro, on their return from the RIMPAC exercise in Ha waii. Moreover, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ship, the Okeanos Explorer, docked and opened the ship to our community. It is very unusual to have both the Okeanos and the Wor thy, which are sister ships, berthed at the same pier. I think it is interesting to note COMMANDERS CORNER that one vessel focuses on space while the other explores the ocean; together they seem to cover it all. If you missed the tours NOAA offered earlier this week, you can see their amazing work and fascinat ing underwater discoveries on their site: Last week we hosted a team from the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency from Hawaii. They conducted dive op erations with our local volunteers in the Kwajalein MIA Project, searching for evi dence to identify and eventually recover the remains of our fallen WWII heroes DPAA has performed any underwater missions here. Hats off to Dan Farnham and his Kwajalein MIA Project teammates for being the catalyst for the DPAA visit. It is humbling to know that their efforts, in concert with DPAA, will one day reunite a fallen service member with his family. I truly believe there is no better way to men and women than to demonstrate our countrys willingness to bring everybody home. The dates and times for our upcom ing Town Halls will be published in next Facebook page: ArmyKwajaleinAtoll. I look forward to them being well attended. I submit that communication is the key to improving SEE CONFLICT, PAGE 17 CHAPLAINS CORNER our community. Therefore, if there is an issue or concern you would like me to ad dress before the Town Hall, please call the Commanders Hotline at 51098. Callers can remain anonymous if you prefer. How ever, feel free to convey your concerns on the day of the Town Halls, as well. I assure you that I will do my best to resolve the is sue or effectively explain the rationale of why something is the way it is. Summer vacation is over, but there is still much upcoming excitement for the installation. Dont miss the Kwaj Swap Meet Sept. 3 and the Labor Day celebra tion Sept. 5 at Emon Beach. The Beach Blast festivities begin at 4 p.m. for the La bor Day Celebration, which will include Roller and our Facebook page for more information about these events. We also have many new residents on island, some temporary and some longterm. Please reach out and welcome the new Seabee detachment that will be with us the next six months. Ensign Edwards and Chief Simons are the new leadership from NMCB 11 and they are excited about their mission here. You may also notice many other new faces on the island. RTS, KRS, USAG-KA and other members of the island team have all received new people to their organizations in the past couple weeks. If you see someone you dont rec ognize, reach out and make them feel welcome and please continue to wave at Doug Hepler. Thank you for all you do for our com munity. Ill see you around the island! Kommol Tata! Col. Mike Larsen Many people have told me they deal well with be heard at all costsand often pay for it in the loss of friends and a trail of broken relationships. Usually they do not see their own fault in those shattered relationships. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) wrote, Anybody can become angry that is easy; but to be angry with the right person, and to the right degree, and at the right time, and for the right purpose, and in the


3 TOP: Jason OBrien and JoDanna Castle enjoy a party to celebrate the Roi-Namur Dolphins Scuba Clubs 50 years of activity during a party Aug. 21 at the scuba shack. MIDDLE: From left, Darlene Brooks, Tom Hoog and Judy Hoagland share a photo during the party. BOTTOM: Folks enjoy the new dock located at the scuba shack. U.S. Army photos by Jessica Dambruch ROI-NAMUR DOLPHINS CELEBRATE CLUBS 50TH YEAR a tent full of joyous Roi and Kwajalein residents at the Roi-Namur Dolphins Scuba Club Sunday, Aug. 20. The gathering was an opportunity for the Roi rats to commemorate the clubs 50th year of service to the small island communitys scuba Festivities opened with remarks and memories re counted by leaders within the local diving communities. Michael Hayes and Dan Gunter, respective presidents of the Kwajalein Scuba Club and Roi-Namur Dolphins Scuba Club, Secretary JoDanna Castle, and Treasurer Todd Mc Gowen, laughed as Jason OBrien, vice president of RDSC, shared stories of a friend sorely missed by all in atten dance: Jim Bennet, who passed away in Jan. 2016. In sight of the pier, the crowd held aloft Ritz Crackers and shots of Dr. Pepper and toasted in Bennets honor. Barbecue, mu sic, and swimming ensued. The Roi-Namur Scuba Club began in 1966. For the di verse and colorful community on Roi the island is less like a place and more like a way of life. New divers and visitors will feel like they are joining a solicitous and close group of talented friends, passionate about life. There are well over 20 active members who regularly moved to the community more a decade ago. Together, he and the Roi community have seen club membership con dense over the years into a hardcore band of fun-loving scuba nutsand a few folks who join the diehard divers on occasion. Everyone, no matter how frequently they hit the water, are all drawn to Roi for the amazing WWII air plane wrecks and clear, beautiful water. This is, hands down, some of the best diving in the his arrival two years ago. Signups are casual, and the club Garrison who has stopped counting the number of her cal Kwajalein diving instructor, Bill Cantrell, she overcame her initial trepidation of diving and came to appreciate the spectacular variety of sights below the waves. Since then she has not looked back. As the party winded drew to a close, the sunset scat tered a warm glow on the ocean. Gunter, on a dare, took a running leap and somersaulted over two hapless souls seated at the end of the pier. Fist pumped in victory, he cannonballed into the water. Good friends. Good music. Barbecue. Some of the best diving in the world. This is Roi.


4 -Sirens sound a pending disaster: two short blasts repeated -Residents are to immediately tune to AFN Kwajalein TV roller channel 14-1 Kwaj, X Roi for instructions. Additional informa tion may appear as a ticker at the bottom of television displays. -If power outage occurs, tune radio to FM 101. -Leave emergency 911 phone lines open for emergencies. -Account for all persons in their households, especially chil dren and pets. -Pick up relatively light, loose items outside, such as shovels, bikes and so on and move them inside. These can become deadly projectiles in high wind scenarios. bris. -Turn off circuit breakersexcept for those controlling refrig eration/freezer devices. -If possible, crack open some windows in dwelling to allow for equalizing of pressure outside and inside of dwelling. -Fill containers, such as sinks, bathtubs, plastic containers and so on with potable water -Sirens will sound a three-minute warble, advising residents to immediately evacuate to their designated emergency shelters. of emergency shelters organized by zone. Residents identify which shelters they are to evacuate to. -Residents evacuating from their residences are to tear Oc to street-facing windows or BQ doors of their dwellings before departing. one that re quires all persons on the installation to react quickly and evac uate to emergency shelters. Would you know what to do? Take a look at the following step-by-step guide to know how to best respond in the face of imminent man-made dangers or natural disasters. (north end of island, in dome housing and new housing neighborhoods) evacuate to: *No residents are to remain in new housing homes, (ocean side family housing) -Residents in single story housing evacuate to: -The nearest two-story concrete home and -Residents in two-story concrete homes are to accept into their homes anyone seeking shelter. *If ordered to do so, all residents living in two story housing along Ocean Road will evacu ate to their designated zone shelter or to a concrete house located away from the shoreline. 3 4 5


5 (lagoon side family housing) -Residents in single story housing evacuate to: -The nearest two-story concrete home and building (Bldg. 704) -Residents in two-story concrete homes are to accept into their homes anyone seeking shelter. (BQ area) -BQ Residents proceed to second or third -Evacuate to Public Works Administration (Bldg. 804) evacuate to: (Bldg. 805) (Bldg. 704) cation Building (Bldg. 671). (Bldg. 993) -Evacuate to the Fire Department (Bldg. 904) -Evacuate to RTS Headquarters (Bldg. 1010) -Not applicable -Evacuate to the DCCB Building (Bldg. 1500) of the following BQs: -Ratak -Ralik -Nike -Spartan -Evacuate to the Admin Building (Bldg. XX) -After it is safe to do so, USAG-KA issues an all-clear order, ad vising residents that the threat has passed and that they may exit their evacuation shelters -Sirens will sound an all clear: One 20-second blast.


6 U.S. Navy photo by Petty Officer 3rd Class Marc Castaneda MIA SEARCH TEAM SURVEYS WWII AIRCRAFT WRECKS and anthropologists concluded a 10-day mission to survey WWII aircraft wrecks in lagoon waters off Kwajalein this week. Organized around the mission to lo cate, account for, retrieve and identify the remains of U.S. service members lost overseas in battle, the Defense POW/ MIA Accounting Agency sent an 11-per son team to dive on and assess a total along the atolls southern stretches, from Big Bustard to Bigej and locations along the west reef. Speaking broadly, a DPAA mission on a particular site may follow two phases: stage, followed by a recovery phase, ex plained DPAA Anthropologist Rich Wills, the four aircraft wrecks, its work this month centered mostly around getting a lay of the land. This is a complete non-disturbance a barbeque thrown by American Legion Post 44 for the crew. In other words, no divers penetrated any wrecks or made attempts at retrieving service members remains that might be present. plained. These are all cases that were looking at from an investigative aspect. Were basically assessing them now to see how to move forward with if and when we do a recovery operation on any Pulling details from DPAA team mem bers regarding sites that are currently in either an investigative or recovery phase identities of service members remains until their next of kin are fully informed, the organization states. Wills was able to come off with a few general details on the WWII naval air craft the team studied, however. Theyre wartime loss incidents that all plane. They all involve unaccounted-for individuals of various numbers. Some of them were on supply missions. Some of To perform the mission, the DPAA sent sonnel tasked with running remote sen sors like side scan sonar devices and a two-team civilian element consisting of Wills and DPAA Archeologist Wendy Coble. The DPAA did not simply stumble upon the wrecks on its own; the group had been turned on to the possible underwa ter recovery of MIA cases at the atoll by members of the Kwajalein MIA Project, a of locating all U.S. and Japanese aircraft shot down from the skies over Kwajalein during WWII. The MIA Project teams discovery of the back end of the Gunga Din, a PB2Y-3 Coronado, last year was but the latest of Renamed the Kwajalein MIA Project in 2015, the group has three other WWII aircraft wreck discoveries to its name. Learning about the Kwajalein MIA email exchanges with group leaders and Kwaj history buffs Dan Farnham and Bill Remick, DPAA anthropologists knew it was only a matter of time before their nancial challenges of sending a full team to hit the water and fully survey the sites the Kwaj divers had located. Theyve obviously been busy out ing to get out here for a while to link up with them. Some funds came available for us to do something, and we decided Coble, whom Farnham briefed a cou ple of years ago regarding the status of the water, had told Farnham to get the ball rolling. The discoveries of the back end of the Gunga Din and a couple of I really, really respected all the work that he wanted to do, but we had no idea Divers from Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) perform regular mainte nance checks on small boats to prepare for a dive mission to investigate one of the seaplane wreck sites in the waters of U.S. Army Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll.


7 U.S. Navy photo by Petty Officer 3rd Class Marc Castaneda cheologist explained Aug. 22. I told get a team out here. And doggone it, you did it. And its been wonderful. This has been one of the best teams Getting the opportunity to survey not one, but four individual MIA sites in one trip is a rarity, explained the DPAA Team Leader Capt. Troy Davidson. It was because of the hundreds of man hours put in by the 28-member Kwa jalein MIA Project team that the DPAA crew was able to tackle four sites in four days. He and the rest of his team gave glowing reviews of the Kwaj div ers contributions to the mission. sion, but [Assistant Team Leader] Sgt. 1st Class Chris Kratsas has been on the American Legion. And he said hes never been on one that was this suc cessful; its based on the fact that all were able to just drop down on every single site, and thats unprecedented. Thats directly related to the Kwajalein MIA Project identifying those sites and allowing us to hit multiple sites on one Looking forward, Farnham told the crowd that with the four dive sites surveyed, the Kwajalein divers could again hit the water running, in search of the remaining seven aircraft not yet the whole aircraft location effort at The cases that the DPAA team have taken care of this last weekwere has been a handoff of sorts. Now we can focus all our energy and attention Were going to get these guys out here Kwajalein Range Services wants your feedback on how the garrisons Community Services pro grams are going. Take part in ongoing surveys to voice your opinion on everything from the Kwaja lein Hourglass and Mongolian Night at Caf Roi, to the golf courses and the Self Help shops. Click on the We Want Your Feedback icon on the USAG-KA-Web Intranet home page and type away. TOP: Kwajalein MIA Project leader Dan Farnham briefs Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency divers on the locations of the dive sites the team prepared to hit during its 1.5week stay on U.S. Army Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll. BOTTOM: The DPAA team joins mem bers of the Kwajalein MIA Project, American Legion Post 44 volunteers and more during a barbecue hosted by the American Legion during the dive teams visit to Kwajalein. U.S. Army Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll Facebook page. For command information questions, please contact Public Affairs at 54848. U.S. Army photo by Jordan Vinson


8 PASSPORT TO MEJATTO P utting our way across a crys talline lagoon aboard an old, beat-up wooden dinghy ear lier this month, my friend and fellow band mate Mike Symanski and I clutched a couple of acoustic guitars wrapped in trash bags to protect against the bath tub-warm water splashing over the small boats gunwale. We had left the sailing yacht Cherokee, chored in the distance a mile away from the island we were approaching. Cher okee captain Paul McGrew and Kwaj friend Eric Nystrom guided us through a labyrinth of coral heads lying between our vessel and the shore. Our mission? To play a set of facemelting surf rock for the villagers of Mejatto. A verdant island half the size of Namur, Mejatto juts out of a wide swathe tip of Kwajalein Atoll. Located about 65 nautical miles from Kwajalein Island as people, many of them victims, or descen dants of victims, of radioactive fallout created during the March 1, 1954 Castle Bravo hydrogen bomb test at Bikini Atoll. Evacuated by U.S. authorities from their islands in 1985, the Rongelapese scat tered. Some resettled on Majuro Atoll; others relocated to the United States or Ebeye. Many remained on Mejatto. Unlike their compatriots who live on Majuro, Ebeye, Enniburr, Kwajalein, RoiNamur and other more urbanized areas in the Marshalls, the men, women and children who now call Mejatto home live the laidback island lifestyle akin to the that of the dozens of outer island com munities peppered among the nations 29 atolls. For the vast majority of these folks, there are no paved roads, no pow er plants, no Internet connections, no shopping centers or supermarkets and no bi-weekly container ship arrivals. Of course, ocean-going commercial ships do visit all of the outer island com munities in the RMI. How else would these communities survive? But oppor tunities to resupply foodstuffs, school supplies, electrical and mechanic com ponents and so on via these ships occurs at most only a few times per year at each community. Many outer islanders must simply make do with what they have. Thats why when a crew of four ri belles from Kwajalein shows up in the middle of their village, the people of Mejatto might very well ask, Hey, lets We had set out from Kwajalein Aug. 3 with a few goals in mind. Apart from re laxing on Cherokee, a capacious 47-feet ocean-going sailing yacht, we wanted to visit Nell and take in the early stages of the Perseid meteor shower. Most impor tantly, we wanted to make our way to Me jatto, the absolute farthest island from Kwajalein one can get to via sailboat on Kwajalein Atoll. (Ebadon, a neighbor ing island community to the northwest of Majetto is not accessible via sailboat surrounding its perimeter). Brought along on the voyage were bags of used balls. Mejatto children and Fretty get a look at donated clothing items sent up to the island by garrison residents. A villager strums her ukulele.


9 clothing, hats, shoes, sports equipment and more, all of it donated by Kwajalein friends, and all of it to be given to Mejatto villagers on their behalf. Having arrived the day prior, we nosed McGrews cursed, old dinghy into the sand on the islands eastern, lagoonfacing shore. It was the day before our surf rock performance, and we greeted a throng of children gathered on the beach, who eyed us, smiled and waved as dogs ran about the waters edge. Yok one of authority to whom we could give the clothing items. Walking inland, we saw a veritable village opening up to us. Modest, squat homes built from wood and corrugated metal adjoined solar panel stations, the only source of electricity besides possi bly a generator here and there. Orderly courtyards covered in sand and gravel met chicken coops, outhouses, rainwater storage tanks and thickets of pandanus trees the size of small buildings. A couple of men glanced up at us from their work, paying little attention to our presence. A young father named Jonjay offered us boiled pandanus toldwhile the family of a 16-year-old Gugeegue girl visiting her aunt for the summer handed us charred breadfruit. It was all part of a dinner being prepared to celebrate the end of a volleyball tour nament, they told us. As we walked, a woman here and there busily raked her courtyard of leaves and vegetation. Pigs, piglets, chickens and ducks pecked around on the ground, keeping a wide berth from us, a quartet of strangers to the island they shared with their owners. older man, calling us away from a quar rel that had erupted suddenly between two island dogs. told the man. We have clothing wed like to give to the people here, if thats appro us with a smile. Do you want to trade? I Why, yes. Now that he mentioned it, yes we did. The name is Swinly Fretty, he told us, inviting us to his property in what could perhaps be called the village center or elder and employee of the U.S. Depart ment of Energy, Fretty, 64, is involved with the Rongelap Resettlement Pro gram, an ongoing U.S.-funded island re habilitation and construction project de signed to create realistic opportunities for the Rongelapese to return to their islands. Clean freshwater supplies, elec tricity, paved runs, modern health clinics and laboratories, cozy bungalowseven a paved runwayare now part of the is land, along with remediation efforts to neutralize the cesium-137, a byproduct of the 1954 explosion, still present in the sandy topsoil of the islands. Frettys son, one of nine children the man had with his late wife, currently lives on Rongelap, working on the project, Fretty said. Outside of his Department of Energy duties, Fretty, walks the reef and search es nearby islands for old Japanese glass shore over the years by the trade winds and ocean currents. If he gathers enough balls, he sells or trades them when he dinner. Kwaj resident and Cherokee crewmember Eric Nystrom kicks his feet up among Mejatto children. The island of Mejatto, as seen in this Google Earth satellite image, is roughly half the size of Namur and home to about 300 people.


10 Returning the following evening, with the guitars in our hands, we met Fretty on the beach. He had replaced his old, across its front. He learned of our strange request to play some surf rock for anyone who might be interested, and he invited us back to his courtyard, where more than 60, maybe 70, people appeared in what could have been less than 10 minutes. Sitting down quietly on the perimeter of the courtyard, children looked at us quizzically. The adults seemed just as curious. Tuning our instruments and gulping nervously, Symanski and I looked over at Nystrom and McGrewboth loving the hilarity of the scene developing before them. Their big smiles, even Frettys, couldnt assuage our feeling of being absurdly out of place. Among everyone in the growing audience, who actually en custom. And the coup de grce: we didnt have a singer! on my feet. With Fretty introducing us to the crowd as the Ribelle Boys, mance. Over time some of the villagers leftit was dinnertime after alland others took their places. Still others gathered on the periphery of the courtyard, keeping their distance from the weird display developing in front of them. 35 long minutes The villagers applauses and hoots and hollers were genuine, I think, and while Symanski and I were relieved it was over, we be thrown into such an unusual situation. Its likely our Ribelle Boys performance wont go down as the concert of the century on Mejattono matter how infrequent off-island entertainment is for the community. But at the very least, the show had provided plenty of fodder for the ol village gossip mill over the next few days. And thats reward enough. Following the show, we spent some time talking with Fretty, and he told us the donated clothing had been a hit among the villagers. Many new shirts were worn to church services that morning, he said. we sat among 25-30 villagers next to Fretty. Im glad some As the sunset wore on, a lady approached us, asking if she could play the guitar I was using. While she strummed and rock being much more palatable for the average Marshallese than instrumental surf rockFretty asked if we had anything else we could trade. McGrew had nothing. Nystrom and Syman ski had nothing left either. I told Fretty I had already given my knife, batteries and other sundries and was empty. And then I looked at the lady, Gloria Inok. Playing the guitar, she sashayed gently back and forth on the gravel covering Frettys courtyard jalein. In turn, he gets cash or supplies needed by him and his family and friends. What we really need are shoes, shoes for going in the water position of authority on the island, Fretty had also previously He seemed to be the fella we were looking for, and we decided wed let him distribute the clothes. Hauling onto shore six or ing, we gave him all items contained within, along with other essentials like knives and batteries. In return, he pulled out smaller specimens. Nystrom, Symanski, McGrew and I smiled. It was an unexpected surprise. They were ours. An outer island isnt a place where one would expect to see bil liards matches. This portable table gets a lot of use by both chil dren and adults. Theyre always playing, Fretty said. The Ribelle BoysMike Symanski, middle, and Jordan Vinson, leftplay a few surf rock songs for villagers on Mejatto.


11 ones birthday?while kids around her giggled. It turned out there were a few guitars among the communi tys population of around 300, but they were in bad condition, Fretty said. This one, on the other hand, was in good shape. The tuning keys worked perfectly; there were no holes in the body; and it came with a valuable asset: a fresh set of guitar strings, a rarity on Mejatto. There was only one problem: The guitar wasnt mine; it belonged to my friend and band mate Rick Broomell. He had lent it to me so Id have something to play on our sailing trip. But seeing how much use the old guitar was already getting just an hour after I had put it down, it was obvious the instrument would go a long way on Mejatto. 20 minutes of indecision almost scuttled the deal. Its Ricks ple of villagers, relatives of Fretty I was told, brought out two large glass balls. Explaining that the balls would be given in exchange for the guitar, my conscience had cleared. And thats the story of how I now owe my friend a new guitar. That evening the clouds opened up and issued a heavy rain shower, sending us scrambling for shelter under the tin roofs hanging off the homes abutting the courtyard. Fretty told me stories of spiritslong-time favorites in traditional Marshal lese mythologylike dwarf-like noniep, mischievous little sneaks who create problems for the Marshallese and whom no one could every see with their eyes. He told me of how an spotted a couple of weeks prior by the preachers son-in-law late at night in the middle of the island near the church and elementary school. Stories like these I could listen to all night. But with the sun having set, it was time to head back to the boat, open a bottle of wine and prepare for departure the next morning. With the rain coming to an end, we headed to the beach and made plans to meet with Fretty during a scheduled visit to weeks. Clena Balos, our tour guide who showed us around the island the previous day, saw us off, and heaving McGrews old dinghy into the water, we waved goodbye. Cherokee captain Paul McGrew. water catchment containers provided by Australian aid agen cies. BELOW: The suns fading light recedes over the horizon behind Mejatto.


12 Do you guys watch it on the ship? Ive only been here for two months, but I think from what Ive heard of enough lines being spoken about the movie that its been viewed a lot. And I brought my personal DVD. So if anyone hasnt seen it, they will. They nailed it pretty well except for how they por trayed the antiquity of the boat and the pirates, and the jaguar shark, etc. Between Trek, theres a great fusion of movie quotes and scenery where someone is like, hey, this reminds me of that scene in [so and so]. Explain to us the so The beautiful thing about this ship, I think, and part of its allure to me, is its the U.S. governments only ship primarily dedicated to ocean exploration and dis ers as much data as they can for wherever that ship may be with whatever sensors they have onboard. If you basically Part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administra tion Okeanos Explorer ships three-year expedition to ex plore and map deep water environments, is one of the brains behind the crews ability to chart and understand the topographical layout of suite a sensors aboard the ship to literally show scientists a center on locating possible dive targets, such as sea mounts, for the Okeanos Explorer ships impressive Deep Discoverer sels and general ocean explo ration, this is at the forefront of that. And to be a part of that is completely fascinating. To see satellite-derived imagery that you might get on Google Earth where you get a very big concept of what might over that with our sonars and produce high resolution images that turn a fuzzy blur into an incredibly precise rendered sea mount that you point cloud data and then to be able to hand that off to the ROV team; and have them develop their dive site off the mapping we do; and then go down one or two days after that, after something that was almost completely un known at that point, to just a few days later having our ROVS down there discover ing new creatures and new visiting scientists, marine bi ologists, marine geologists ... Theyre lit up, because they see a new creature theyve never discovered before or see a sea mount they had no idea of in terms of the size, scope or features of it. The excitement they have is in Correct me if Im wrong, but the surveying you do helps reveal potential dive sites to scientists, provid ing opportunities to put the ROVs into the water to search for new deep sea organisms their environments. Yes, its very much like that except for there are a lot of people in that discussion and theyre very motivated, focused, incredibly intelligent and incredibly excited. So to be a part of the group mission and the group meetings, and when they come to an overall consensus about this is the place we need to go because a feeling there is going to be these creatures or this type hypothesis correct very of ten just to be in that group dynamic and the overall al truism behind it as well is a beautiful feeling. How does your datadriven mapping approach contrast with the Okeanos Explorer media specialists job of pumping out beautiful, instantly gratifying underwa U.S. Army photo by Jessica Dambruch HOURGLASS INTERVIEWS NOAA Okeanos Explorer ship Tech Surveyor Charlie Wilkins, left, shows Kwaj residents around the ship and talks about his role in NOAAs mission to reveal new knowledge of deep water ecosystems.


13 ter video footage and photo graphs? While the mission is un a lot more video presence because of their underwater missions, typically its the product that looks great and where the people can reach out. When the data is still trained eye to understand whats happening ... but to entrance to Kwajalein, thats where their eyes light up when it comes to the mapping aspect. After the data is all cleaned and processed, its available to anyone, right? This is all of the publics information. There is almost nothing that is private. As far as the U.S. government is con cerned, this is for everyone who is interested. You and your team have ing your approach to Kwaja lein. Is there anything of note that youve seen in the neigh borhood? Looking at the approach to the lagoon, there are nu Can you tell us about liv ing on ship for long periods of time? Is it enjoyable? Does it get lonely? The crew here has great camaraderie. At any given time when the day settles out, youll see people playing chess or having great conversa tions. On any reasonably nice day, theres always beautiful things to look at outside, great sunsets, some rare birds too. There are even times when we need to collect data out side; and its dark and well hear an unfamiliar bird call; and were nowhere near land and were like theres a bird out here right now? Where is that thing even landing? As far as the crew, it really is a fam ily dynamic. There are lots of places to go and relax af ter you do a hard days work. Theres a movie lounge and well even watch movies out on the fan tail with a projec tor and a screen, and it turns into a weekly underway event that you can look forward to. You can let yourself get lost in the daily routine but we have a great morale committee as well that looks into having evening events Its hard to say THIS WEEK IN KWAJALEIN HOURGLASS HISTORY Pictured is a topographical map created by the Okeanos Explorer crew. It illustrates the varying depths of the ocean-side waters surrounding the island of Kwajalein.


14 curated essays that take the reader on a profound tour of knowledge on everything from ma BIRDS OF THE MARSHALLS All of the birds likely to be seen in the Marshall Islands, with the exception of a few introduced by man, are either sea birds or migratory species. They belong to less than a dozen families: 1. Petrels and Shearwaters (Procellariidae); 2. Tropic birds (Phaethontidae); 3. Boobies or Gan nets (Sulidae); 4. Man-O-War Birds (Fre gatidae); 5. Herons (Ardeidae); 6. Ducks and Geese (Anatidae); 7. Plover (Charadri idae); 8. Sandpipers and their relatives (Scolopacidae); 9. Phalaropes (Phalaropi dae); 10. Gulls and Terns (Laridae); and 11. The Migratory Cuckoo (Cuculidae). A rail has been reported from Bikini, but it is not likely to be seen even there. Shearwater and Petrels belong to the tube-nosed sea birds, like the Albatross, but smaller. An Albatross might happen to batrosses are more likely to be seen in the Hawaiian and Bonin Islands, and the larg er Albatrosses are far to the south. These birds have a bill which turns down at the tip, with nostrils in a tube above its base. They skim over the surface of a rough seeming to shear the wave tops, the other abundant at sea by day, but are rarely seen on land because they nest in holes and burrows in the sand. However, they can be heard at night, an activity which has Of several species widespread in the Pa nesia. Both are about a foot in length, with rather dark plumage. above, a littler grayer below, with white on the throat; the tail is short and rounded; length 13-14 inches. Known as a Mutton Bird in Australia and New Zealand, it is fa it breeds abundantly. (14-15 inches long) and darker both above and below, blackish even to its bill and feet. The tail is wedge-shaped. It may nest on the ground under bushes. Should you see a still larger Shearwater, it might be the Wedge-tailed Shearwater with slate gray feet, stubbier tail, whitish beneath the wing, 16-20 inches in length; The Bonin Island Petrel (Pterodroma Hy poleuca) is 13 inches long, with a pale gray back and rump, which contrasts with the black on the wings and tail. Bulwers Petrel (Bulweria Bulwerii) is much smaller (1011 inches), blackish all over with a long wedge-shaped tail. The Sooty Storm Pe trel (Oceanodroma Markhami Tristami), 11 inches long, including its forked tail, is sooty brown, lighter brown across its wing coverts. Tropic birds resemble large terns, but have slender, elongate central tail feath ers and a straight wedge-shaped bill which is either yellow or reddish. The plumage is largely white, some of it with a pinkish cast, and with characteristic black mark ings. Three species have been recorded from the Marshalls, although these may actually represent only two distinct kinds. The Red-tailed Tropic-bird, (Phaethon you get close enough you can see that the slender tail feathers are red and black. Adults are as much as 34 inches long, in cluding the 16 inch tail feathers. They have red bills. The young birds, especially those still in the nest, which usually is hidden beneath a bush, have numerous feathers barred with black and the bill black. The White-Tailed Tropic-bird (Phaethon Lepturus) is a little smaller and slimmer. Adults have black at the tips and bases of the wings, and the two slender tail feath ers are white. The bill varies from yellow to orange. The young have a yellow bill, lack the tail feathers and are barred with black above. On high islands they nest on cliffs; they may not nest on atolls. The Red-billed Tropic-bird (Phaethon having a black patch across each cheek and through the eye, a heavy red bill, and species is in the Marshalls may be a mis bird. It is found on the eastern coast of the Americas, in the Caribbean, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Boobies and Gannets are large sea birds SEE BIRDS, PAGE 15


15 bill is large and conical, its size being in creased by an area of bare skins at its squids and are expert at diving swiftly into the sea to catch them. There are three spe The Red-Footed Booby (Sula Sula Ru bripes) in the adult has red feet, a pale blue bill, and is the whitest of the three, having no black on either head or tail, but only on the outer and hind portions of the wings. It prefers to nest in trees or on bushes. The Blue-faced Booby (Sula Dactylatra) is a little larger in size (32-36 inches long), has black markings on the sides of the tail and a dark area at the base of its yellow bill, ground. It would be easy to tell these two apart were it not for the fact that immature birds do not develop the black and white plum age for a season after leaving the nest, but look sharply, you can distinguish the im mature Blue-Faced Booby by a light patch on the upper back. The bill may be bluegray, greenish-yellow, yellow or red; and the feet may be yellow, orange, greenishblue, or slaty, adding confusion to their BIRDS, FROM PAGE 14 Photo courtesy of Heather Miller U.S. Army photos by Jessica Dambruch Explorer ship during a tour given by crew members August 23. LEFT: Roi rats join visiting Kwajers during the Aug. 21 Roi-Namur Dolphins Scuba Club 50th anniversary party. RIGHT: Rich Dixon, left, and Todd Gowen share a photo during the party.


16 WESTERN RANGE READY FOR LAUNCH FOLLOWING OPERATIONAL ACCEPTANCE The Western Range is back in the launch business following an operational acceptance decision held by the Operations Acceptance Board at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Aug. 18, 2016. commander and OAB chair. The team has invested a lot of time, energy and copious amounts of planning, coordination, Much of the coordination and teamwork was required due to the large scale of the project that led to the range downtime, which included the relocation of key range systems to a differ ent building. The relocation required over 1,100 critical com ponents of the operational range systems to be disconnected been powered down in years adding a layer of complexity to the move. Given the age and fragility of the range equipment, we have Grant. I attribute that to planning and risk reduction mea sures employed by the government and contractor. Many of us expected there to be more complications and challenges than we encountered. The range equipment relocation, and its as sociated downtime, have been the number one priority for us during this last year. This is clearly one of the most highly vis ible, complex and unique operations I have been involved in to date, and the key to this successful process entering and exiting the range downtime on schedule was, is, and will continue to be, accountability, transparency, and frequent communication testing was then required to validate range capability for its various launch missions. Each system to be relocated was functionally tested at the box and system level before being disconnected to capture their rector. Once the systems were relocated the functional testing was repeated in order to evaluate any affects the move may have induced. Ultimately integration tests consisting of MM III, Atlas V and MDA mission scenarios were performed exercis ing the relocated systems interfaces and interoperability with the entire range enterprise to ensure readiness to support our Once testing was complete, the OAB consisting of Grant, RGNext, Space & Missile Systems Center, 30th Communication Squadron, 2nd Range Operations Squadron, 30th Range Man nal call on range readiness. With the greenlight on readiness and the passing of key at the operational acceptance ceremony, Vandenbergs Western Range is back in the launch business and its launch profession als are back to doing what they do best. As for Grant, whose pleting this project has been a major accomplishment for all involved. I feel very thankful to have led and been a part of this historic activity, and grateful for the commitment and teamwork I wit nessed as we moved through this last year both in the time leading up to the range downtime period as well as the entire mission of providing critical range and cyber capabilities for The Western Range is back in the launch business following an operational acceptance decision held by the Operations Acceptance Board at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Aug. 18, 2016. The OAB consisting of Grant, RGNext, Space & Missile Systems Center, 30th Communication Squadron, 2nd Range Operations Squadron, 30th Range Management Squadron, and 30th Space Wing safety U.S. Air Force photo by Michael Peterson


17 CONFLICT, FROM PAGE 2 any decent guidance from anywhere on how to deal with it? As a chaplain, I tend to look for solutions with a faith perspective. This tends to force me to look from the inside out, rather than old source. The source provides great illus trations and practical guidance. My source says I should value other peo ple, not just for what they are, but for their a friend stated, Perhaps the other person assume our opponent is in the same place we are, when often they are in a very dif ferent place. Why not value them for their potential rather than beating them up for their failure? In the Bible, we see Pharisees and money-hungry businessmen; howev er, Jesus saw people in need of correction and relationship. He sought to correct er ror and at the same time to build relation ships. He valued their potential and sought to direct them upward to improve their life. As I read my source I discover I should never suppress anger and then later ex plode or implode. We see anger demon strated by Jesus, but it is up front, out in control. Part of living a disciplined life is not allowing emotions to take control. anger or rage to take over them, actually suffer a drop in IQ of 10-15 points. I dont know about you, but that is not something I can afford! My source also reveals the need to take time and consider responses carefully because there are always consequences! Jesus always responded after careful thought. He took time to evaluate the is sues. You could talk about that one time He took out a whip and chased money changers from the Temple. Youre right! But He took the time to think about it as He made the whip. Then He carefully chose His words and accepted full responsibil ity for the consequences. He understood His actions would be misunderstood and perhaps misrepresented, but He chose His path and owned the consequences, unlike many of us, who fail to consider the sec ondand third-order effects of our words and actions. critical thinking. But in the end, when it is done well, we just might create a better re lationship and a life-long friend. Taken several years ago, this photo of the local reef near the S-buoy coral This photo of the same S-buoy coral head, taken a few days ago, illus tained incidents of excessively warm water and violent west wind surges, a product of last years abnormally strong El Nio system. at Kwaj have suffered over the past few years. Featured at right are images of the top of S-buoy coral head, a mile or two out from North Loi Island. It is not the exact same scene: The shot of living coral was taken several years ago and shows the view from the top looking west at the edge of the reef; the shot showing little living coral shows a view from the western edge looking back over the top and taken last weekend. But the photos are rep resentative of the changes. Bouts of excessively warm water and coral bleaching in the fall of 2009, 2013 and 2014 killed off some corals and weakened some that survived. The coup de grce, though, was delivered with the long spell of severe westerly swells that accompa nied last years El Nio. Surge from the swell com ing over the west reef broke off dead and even some live coral heads, rolling them around and turning branch corals to rubble, which the surge then swept over the edges. Although the worst of the swells ended some eight or nine months ago, there does not yet seem to be much settling of new corals. Much of the rock is covered with algae, which inhibits coral larvae at scraping away the algae) it could return to its for mer glory, although that may depend on how com mon warm water coral bleaching and how strong El Nio systems become with the changing climate. Courtesy of Scott Johnson


18 LUNCH DINNER Boneless chick. w/ salsa Nachos Chefs choice Creole macaroni Jerk chicken Red beans and rice Chicken parmesan 3 cheese tortellini Vegetarian medley Fajitas Refried beans Chefs choice Sloppy Joes Citrus roast chicken Roasted potatoes Pork curry Fish du jour Lumpia Short ribs Blackened chicken Lyonnaise potatoes Baked meatloaf Garlic roast chicken Mashed potatoes Sliced roast beef Fish du jour Mashed potatoes Caprese chicken Fettuccine Beef stew Pork adobo Chicken stir-fry Parslied potatoes Steak night BBQ chicken Scalloped potatoes Fried chicken Chili cheese dogs Corn bread Beef ragout Chicken nuggets Egg noodles Captain Louis S. Zamperini Dining Facility *MENU CURRENT AS OF AUGUST 24 HELP WANTED Visit USAJOBS.GOV to search and apply for USAG-KA vacancies and other federal positions. KRS and Chugach listings for on-Island jobs are posted at: Kwajalein, RoiNamur and Ebeye Dock Security Check point locations; outside the United Contractor Information>KRS>Human Resources>Job Opportunities. Listings for off-island contract positions are available at COMMUNITY NOTICES CYSS Youth Basketball. Register now-Aug. 29. Season runs from Sept. 9-Oct. 20. Cost is $40 per child for K grade league and $20 per child for Start Smart. Questions? Contact Michael Hillman or Jason Huwe at the Teen Center at 53796. Kwajalein Running Clubs 1st Month ly Fun Run for the 2016/17 season. 5:30pm, Monday, Aug. 29. Meet near the bowling alley entrance. The pub lic, visitors, kids and walkers are wel come. Distance options are 1/2 mile, 2 miles and 4 miles. KRC is accepting 2016/17 season. Questions? Call Bob and Jane at 51815 or Ben and Linn at 51990. Water Safety Instructor Class. Satur days and Mondays, Aug. 30-October 3. Registration: Aug. 16-27. Cost is class. Participants must be at least 16 years old. Contact Cliff Pryor at 52848. September Learn To Swim Registra tion. Aug. 23-Sept. 3. Session runs Wednesdays and Fridays, Sept. 7-30 (8 sessions). Levels III, IV, & V 3:45-4:15 p.m.; Levels I & II 4:30-5 p.m. Cost: $50 per participant. Par ticipants must be at least 4 years old. Questions? Contact Cliff Pryor at 52848. Kwajalein Yacht Club Monthly Meet ing. 6:30 p.m., Saturday, Aug. 27, at the Yacht Club. Happy Hour begins at 5:30pm and dinner at 7pm. Ques tions? Contact Ursula LaBrie 51951. Guests Welcome! Birthday Bash 70s Disco Night. 8 p.m., Saturday, Aug. 27, at the Ocean View Club. Celebrate August birth days in your best 70s attire! 70s mu sic, drink specials, and disco lights! Sign up for complimentary beverages if your birthday is in August. Stop to sign up. Please present K-badge. Must be 21 years or older. The Army Veterinarian will be on is land Aug 29th-Aug 31st. There will be no elective surgeries during this visit. Please contact Jenny at 52017 to schedule an appointment. Please note New Vet Clinic Hours. 7:30 a.m.5:30 p.m. by appointment, on Tues days, Wednesdays and Fridays. Kwajalein Diabetes Clinic. 12:30 p.m., Wednesday, Aug. 31, in the Kwajalein Hospital lobby. Questions? Contact Linda Reynolds at 52223. Mandatory Island Orientation Re quired Attendance. 12:30-3:30 p.m., Wednesday, Aug. 31, in FN CRC Room 6. Please arrive 10 minutes early to sign in and be seated by 12:30 pm. This orientation is required for all new island arrivals, including de pendents. Children under the age of 10 are welcome; however they are not required to attend. Parents are responsible for covering the infor mation with dependents who do not attend. Questions? Contact ES&H at 51134. Bingo. 6:30 p.m., Thursday, Sept. 1, at the Vets Hall. Card sales begin holic beverages permitted. Must be 21 to enter and play; ID required. Adult Soccer Open Play Clinic. 6 p.m., Thursday, Sept. 1, at Brandon Field. Come out and learn the Kwaj rules of to play on! Vets Hall Change of Hours. Starting Sept. 1, the Vets Hall will open every Thursday opposite Bingo for Happy Hour from 4:30-9 p.m. Starting Oct. 1, the Vets Hall will be closed on Sunday evenings (due to lack of busi ness). We will reconsider reopening full time on Sundays after the begin ning of the new year. The Vets Hall will still be available on Sundays for large parties, bands, and as always private parties. Questions? Contact Mike Woundy. Merbabes Swim Class. 9 a.m.-9:30 a.m., Saturday, Sept. 3, at the Fam ily Pool. Class is for children ages 6 mos.-3 yrs. Come enjoy an American Red Cross parent/child swim lesson and develop a comfort level in and around the water. Participants must be accompanied by an adult in the water. Swim diapers are required for children who are not potty-trained. Cost is FREE! Questions? Contact Cliff at 52848. The Great Kwaj Swap Meet. 4:30 6:30pm, Saturday, Sept. 3. LOCATION CHANGE: behind the tennis courts. One complimentary table per house hold, additional table is $10. Pick-up service provided, please ask for the pick-up when registering. No over at 53331 to reserve your table. The Family Pool will be CLOSED Monday, Sept. 5in support of the La bor Day Beach Blast. Please join us at Emon Beach for the fun and festivi ties! Safely Speaking: The health hazard picto gram is one of the new OSHA symbols youll start to see on workplace chemicals. It means it may cause cancer or other serious health problems. Special Safety Notice: Recognizing Signs and Symptoms of Fatigue. If showing signs and/or symptoms of fatigue, stop work immediately and notify your supervisor. E-talk: Exporting Artifacts. It is il legal to export any artifact, cultural property, or archaeological resource from USAG-KA or the RMI. Questions or concerns? Call Archaeology at 5-9502. Labor Day Fireworks Safety Precautions Thursday, August 25: Diving off of Emon will be off limits due to Friday, September 2 until barge is removed Monday, September 5: All 8:15pm


19 Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention (SHARP) Contact Information Capt. David Rice SHARP Victim Advocate Work: 805 355 2139 Home: 805 355 3565 USAG-KA SHARP Pager: 805 355 3243/3242/3241/0100 USAG-KA SHARP VA Local Help Line: 805 355 2758 DOD SAFE Helpline: 877 995 5247 COMMANDERS HOTLINE HAVE SOMETHING THE USAG-KA COMMANDER SHOULD KNOW ABOUT? TODAY! BLT Night Tuna melts Slider hamburgers Roast pork loin Baked chicken Cheese quesadillas Hamburger steak Home fries Mushroom swiss burger Roast pork Couscous Fried chicken Meatloaf Mashed potatoes Apple glazed chicken Succotash Garlic roast beef Chick. w/ bacon Grilled cheese Pork pimento Egg foo young Southwestern chicken Fish tacos Ranch style beans Chicken marsala Stuffed peppers Pasta puttanesca Pork chops Herb roast turkey Mashed potatoes Grilled steaks Corn on the co b Sloppy Joes Honey mustard chicken Cheesy potatoes Roast chicken Oxtail stew Green bean casserole LUNCH DINNER Caf Roi *MENU CURRENT AS OF AUGUST 24 WEEKLY WEATHER OUTLOOK Weve had near normal rainfall. In fact, through Aug. 24, we have had the three expected days, each with over an inch of rain: 1.18 inches on Aug. 1, 2.39 inches on Aug. 10 and 1.16 on Aug. 20. A progression of waves in the easterly winds has diminished. Some of the previous passing waves have gone on to develop into significant trop ical cyclone threats west and northwest of the atoll in the triangle from Guam to Wake Island to Japan. We expect to see most convection in the next few days establish well south of the atoll, hugging the equa tor. Our winds should generally remain from northeast to southeast and light to moderate, with fewer doldrum pe riods until late next week. The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), which is formed from convergence of north east and southeast surface winds, is likely to become more active to our east and begin migrating toward Kwajalein by next week. Consequently, periodic convection, heavy show ers and occasional lightning threats will ramp up later next week. This should follow only stray and sporadic activity in the next few days through the weekend. With no signifi cant source of west winds at the surface, the probability of tropical cyclone spin-up threats will remain lower in our area. Computer models indicate most of the source of the west winds should remain with the monsoon trough well west and northwest of the Atoll. Our wave-watch models in dicate the strong tropical cyclone activity to our west and northwest has generated some significant wave swells from the northwest. Swells are wave energy (momentum) in the water, generated by distant wind storms, that can be com pletely different from our prevailing local wind directions. Our atoll harbors and shore lines should be on guard for northwest swells that will reach us by about Aug. 30. Patrons are expected to follow the portion control guidelines as ignore the guidelines, take-out privileges could


20 cases of the Zika virus; only Idaho, South Dakota, Wyoming and Alaska have not reported Zika virus cases in Military Health System bers, nine dependents, and eight retirees. service member. The majority of cases of Zika in the U.S. have been travel-related. To see a list and map of areas reporting active mos quito transmission of Zika virus, visit the CDC website at Between July 29 and Aug. 10, Florida including at least four probable cases and one pregnant woman, that were likely acquired through local mosquito transmission in a one-square mile area of Miami-Dade County, just north of downtown Miami. Zika show symptoms. You may have Zika and not know it. Even those with symp toms do not usually get sick enough to go to the hospital. The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, and pink eye (conjunctivitis). These symptoms can last several days to a week and are typi cally mild. See your health care provider if you develop any symptoms or have ad ditional questions. The best way to protect you and your family from the Zika virus is to avoid mosquito bites. Eliminate mosquito breeding sites such as pots, toys and oth er containers that can hold water. Use insect repellent when outdoors and use screens to keep mosquitos from coming indoors. Pregnant women and those who could become pregnant, as well as their partners, should not travel to any area known to have active ongoing Zika trans mission. If you have recently traveled to an area active for Zika, you should talk with your health care provider about Zika virus testing. Zika may cause serious birth defects in babies born to women who were in fected with the Zika virus during preg nancy. Men with Zika can spread the virus to their partners during sex. Even if you show no symptoms, use condoms every time you engage in sexual activity. Abstinence is the only way to ensure you do not get sexually transmitted diseases like Zika. Though Army pest managers are ag gressively implementing control mea sures, the Aedes aegytpi, which is the mosquito species most capable of They tend to live and breed near covered structures and stay near humans, so aer ial spraying is not very effective. The best way to prevent Zika is to contact with mosquitoes by remaining indoors in air conditioned locations, wear long-sleeved protective clothing, apply effective mosquito repellant, and eliminate/avoid any standing water. ZIKA CASES ON RISE AMONG DOD PERSONNEL, DEPENDENTS