United States Forces-Iraq January 2010Iraqi and Kurd federal police enter and clear a room during suspect apprehension train ing. Side by Side for Iraqs Security Page 12
2 Deputy Commanding General (Advising and Training) Public Affairs Officer Public Affairs Staff Advisor Editor Translator Arabic-Edition Content Editor January CoverThe Advisor Contents of this paper are not necessarily the Issue 12 of Volume 6 was not published. The Advisr January Issue6 9 12 17 Photo by NTM-Iraq Carabinieri PoliceIraqi Army Signals its Ability to Communicate The Iraqi Army Maintenance Program is a web tool that tracks the status of parts orders in real time. The Iraqi army is working with U.S. Forces-Iraq to improve the signal train ing provided at regional training centers. Automated Maintenance Requests Aid Vehicle Mechanics Zerevani, Iraqi Federal Police Stand Shoulder to Shoulder for Stability Kurdish Zerevani policemen and Iraqi federal police broke down doors as they broke down cultural barriers as classmates. Iraqi Military Equipment Buyers Learn Value of FMS Transparency, Reliability BAGHDAD-A lab technican explains new evidence collection and analysis tors from the Ministry of Interior cassation court and the Ministry of Defense United States Forces-Iraq January 2010Iraqi and Kurd federal police enter and clear a room during suspect apprehension training. Side by Side for Iraqs Security Page 13 A group of 45 emerging Iraqi min military sales learned from a U.S. mobile education team how to buy U.S. military hardware and services.
3 BAGHDAD Sharing information between Iraqi ministries can help coordinate security force operations against insurgents and terrorists. It is less helpful when those insurgents and terrorists have hacked into the governments computer system and stolen the ministries plans. Guarding against these sorts of threats was the focus of the most recent information assurance seminar, which was developed and implemented by the Iraqi Ministry of Defenses Directorate General of Communications. The session alerted Iraqi vulnerabilities and risks associated with sharing information on computer networks and how to safeguard those information systems. United States Forces-Iraq helped the DGoC to establish the seminar. Our Iraqi defense network is only as strong as the weakest link, said Hadi Nama Hussein, a computer engineer with the DGoC. With U.S. forces help, he said, the DGoC has established a network security plan and training that outlines user roles and responsibilities, best practices and the required technical The two-hour seminar in actions ministries can take to protect the information they share: creating secure passwords, protecting against the spread of computer viruses and safeguarding information from unauthorized Information Assurance Awareness Shields Ministries from Cyber Threats personnel. Information assurance training concentrates on the two areas critical to any mission: security and readiness, said Iraqi Brig. Gen. Abdul Salam Adnan Mahumd, training provides leaders with the tools necessary to educate their units on the importance of safeguarding our information and keeping our networks secure. provided train the trainer instruction on information assurance measures to senior Iraqi leaders from all 14 Iraqi army divisions and four regional operations centers. I am now more aware of internal network threats and know what steps to take to prevent Mohammed Fadhil Al-Shimary, National Operations Center. I would like to have more people The curriculum included a guided tour of the IDNs Network Operation Center and addressed questions regarding threats, vulnerabilities and risks associated with sharing information on computer networks.DGOC Security Chief, Iraqi Brig. Gen. Salam, explains how safeguarding computer information is key to keeping networks secure. Iraqis at all levels are encouraged to take training in information assurance.
4 English Language Testing Facility Opens in International Zone BAGHDAD English language testing in the International Zone for Iraqis will now be conducted in a new facility at Forward Operating Base Union III. supports Iraqis who need to validate their English Iraqi security ministries are expected to send the preponderance of test takers, who must apply through those ministries to this new facility. Those who demonstrate English-language professional growth opportunities in other Englishspeaking environments, such as U.S. military schools and conferences. Speaking at the November inauguration of the Jaleb, Iraqi air force Division 1 director, and U. S. Air Force Brig. Gen. Craig Olson, director of the Iraq Security Assistance Mission. The International Military and Education Training team administers two exams to Iraqi students. The students to determine the level of English they have mastered. expects about 76 individuals on average, said The English Testing Facility is a secure, noise controlled and comfortable area where candidates Individuals wear noise cancelling headphones portion of the test. The second part of the test is all reading. Individuals have their own cubicles that provide privacy during the test and a reduction in potential distractions. with actual English language instruction at the new Iraqi International Academy. in late December at the Ministerial Training and Development Center, near the Iraqi Ministry of Defense. Two intensive English language classes will be taught for a 12-week period to improve student for follow-on out-of-country training requirements. Ministries of Defense and Interior, the Counter Once this training is completed, the students ministries will schedule their testing at the ETF.An Iraqi soldier concentrates on the listening portion of the English language exam at the new text facility.
5 Iraq Expands Intelligence Development BAGHDAD -Iraqs key intelligence organizations have to establish greater trust and regarding their security forces and other national agencies. Gathering and assessing information is a vitally important capability, said Greg Tyson, director of the ITAM Intelligence Transition Team. It provides Iraqi decision-makers with critical and timely intelligence for the security of the nation. A symbol of Iraqs new focus on its developing intelligence capability is the new headquarters facility for the Directorate General for Intelligence and Security, or campus opened in December. The campus serves as the heart of Ministry of Defense intelligence and is the orchestration center for DGIS directorates and divisions. DGIS plays a central role in the collection, synthesis, processing and dissemination of intelligence for the Ministry of Defense. DGIS is making steady progress in its ability to focus on external military threats to the nation of Iraq in this very dangerous region, said U.S. Army Col. Bob Quinn, senior advisor for DGIS. The MoD developed the concept for the DGIS HQ campus with the U.S. government, which funded, of the campus project, valued at $34.7 million. The Director General for DGIS, Iraqi Maj. Gen. Hazim, said, We are humbled by -and grateful the United States to Iraq. It is an important symbol of the friendship between our countries and will be against the terrorists and foreigners The secure compound contains several structures: an executive headquarters building and separate facilities for intelligence collection, imagery and geospatial intelligence, human intelligence, all-source intelligence analysis, a security building, a communication tower and a maintenance facility. All of these structures are linked by a modern security and administrative infrastructure. Hajjar is a U.S. Forces-Iraq advisor to DGIS. Nelson, a Department of Defense civilian, is a resources advisor for ITAM Intel-TT. DGIS instructors trained these Iraqi students at the Intelligence and Military Se curity School. Iraqi soldiers such as these will rely on the intelligence expertise imparted to them from DGIS as they serve their nation. Pictured here, the stu dents engaged in an exercise that honed their analytical skills. Such skills are in great demand as Iraq transforms its intelligence apparatus. The DGIS opened this new Baghdad-based headquarters facility in December.
6 Clean Automated Maintenance Requests Aid Grease-smeared Vehicle Mechanics CAMP TAJI, Iraq percent of the population has a mobile phone; yet security Internet in their homes. However, a new Internet-based program Iraqis visibility across the supply chain. that tracks the status of parts orders in real time. Users do this by reporting on-hand quantities of supplies. leadership of Iraqi Maj. Gen. Abdul Muniem, director of electrical and mechanical engineering. Theyve taken the lead in known as medium workshops. Muniem said. It gives us the capability to easily track hundreds of requisitions and job orders where previously we had to do about using the program. activities for the Iraqi army. The results have been impressive. Iraqi army sites using who rely on the system less, said U.S. Forces-Iraq advisor James Burke, who has spent the last four years in Iraq. Over time, large stocks of repair parts have been established at the Joint Base Workshop in Taji. As this stock was being uncovered numerous previously suspected errors. There was at A group of Iraqi army mechanics repair the front end of a M1114 High Mobility Multi-purpose Wheeled Vehicle while con ducting maintenance at Camp Ur. IAMP helps them request the right spare parts through an automated program. (Photo by U.S. Army Spc. Gavriel Bar-Tzur)
7 (Above) Iraqi army mechanics troubleshoot an M1114 High Mobility Multi-purpose Wheeled Vehicle. (Courtesy photo) for the maintenance of a vehicle using the automated soft Abdul Muniem, director of Electrical and Mechanical Engi neering, speaks highly of the program: IAMP gives us the orders where previously we had to do everything manu ally. (Courtesy photo) maintaining Iraqi logistics. That system was subsequently today. As the Iraqi logistics system has been strengthened and professionalized, those contractors have been replaced by Iraqis partnered with logistic maintenance advisory teams who are helping Iraq navigate the demands of 21st century logistics. Today, the Iraqi army is performing more than half of its increase in nine months. Contractors and the U.S. military This autumn, Soldiers from the U.S. Army met in Taji with at the Iraqi army maintenance sites. to the Iraqi armys director of electrical and mechanical engineering program, presented statistics from each helping the workshops work together to get what they need. When the contractors leave, it will be the responsibility of the Iraqi army. Each workshop site has a list of parts they need and if they make an accurate inventory and share parts with other sites, they can complete their work orders, said U.S. Army Maj. Cross-leveling of repair parts is a concept the Iraqi army to higher levels within the Iraqi army. This transparency provides real-time visibility of all inventory and work orders. that is being implemented. and talk was a big step forward. In addition, during the meeting, IA members expressed disbelief that the positive was completed recently, providing more up-to-date counts of many inaccuracies within the manuel inventory system. This directly contributed toward the general distrust in an automated system. We know we have some cultural disparities, he said, automated management for maintenance. The real goal is meeting. Coleman said they are planning to have these meetings every You can see there has been some improvement, he said. Its
8 BAGHDAD, Iraq training and advisory team Soldiers teach a preventve maintenance checksarmy soldiers at Forward Operating Base Constitution. The hour-long class for maintenance line one operations provides guidance on engine compartment maintenance for humvees. U.S. Army Sgt. 1st Class James Denison said he stresses to Iraqi soldiers the importance of knowing how to repair and keep a vehicle in good condition. When you go out, its good to know that your vehicle works well. That way you know youre coming back safely, Denison said. The trainer-to-student ratio is balanced to provide quality hands-on training for the Iraqi army soldiers. Having a small class is ideal because individual soldier, Denison said. We only have two-to-three soldiers per trainer so they can ask questions and not be pushed on the backburner. They all gain the same knowledge. U.S. Army Spc. Jason Arnold used his U.S. Army training as a mechanic to teach the Iraqi army soldiers. They dont always know exactly what everything is and have been taught way that I was trained, Arnold said. They seem happy with that. Most of the Iraqi army soldiers had some sort of mechanical training when they joined the army, but they said they appreciated this training with their U.S. counterparts nonetheless The Americans provide follow-up training, including train-the-trainer, so Iraqi army soldiers can educate those who together. It is their partnership, however, that enables them to work together successfully. An Iraqi army mechanic conducts preventive maintenance repairs on a M1114 High Mobil ity Multi-purpose Wheeled Vehicle. Parts he may need for the repair can be ordered through the automated Iraqi Army Maintenance Program. (U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Joshua Ris ner, MND-Baghdad PAO) Level-One Maintenance Found ValuableIraqi army mechanics listen to instruction on level-one maintenance for their humvees. (Photo by U.S. Army Spc. Gavriel Bar-Tzur) Iraqi and U.S. Army mechanics check the undercarriage of their humvee.
9 Iraqi Army Signals its Ability to Communicate CAMP TAJI, IRAQ The Iraqi army is working with U.S. ForcesIraq to improve the signal training provided at regional training centers. The focus is on developing and increasing the available signal equipment to soldiers. These signal professionals provide a communication platform for the Iraqi armys maneuver elements within the division and down to its lower echelon units to see what is happening on the communication advisor. Instead of using commercial radio systems that operate in an unsecure code, the Iraqi army systems. These have secure mode functions and include hand-held, backpack, vehicle and base station models. The primary tactical radios issued to the Iraqi army at the division and brigade level are HFs, Campbell said. By augmenting their radio systems, Iraqi soldiers master the techniques for speaking from their division to higher and subordinate units, and with forward operations centers. The Iraqi army already operates radio systems and computer networks well, U.S. Army Maj. Gary Farley, Iraqi Ground Forces Command, MiTT signal communication plans & operations advisor. The long-range plan is to advance their capabilities into use of secure communications.Iraqi Signal School student Lt. Ali directs his radio operator in the forward operating center in an attempt to make contact
10 the computer network is located at the division level, but in the future, computer networks will extend to brigade-level headquarters, Farley said. The division is where one and support. Eventually, a signal warehouse at each division will provide communications repair parts and a maintenance facility. run tactical communications centers at the division, to meet tactical command-and-control needs. The redundancy in communication created assists a divisions capability to talk on the The Tactical Communication Center, or TCC, provides communications, but also support items such as tents, vehicles, and generators for a divisions tactical main and forward elements and a mobile command center, Farley conducted an operation away from its base camp and headquarters location, it was faced with two choices. The division could either borrow or share radio systems from subordinate units in the area of operations or it could displace radio systems used to communicate at the home headquarters location. The TCC provides the division capability to deploy on short notice to any location while maintaining command and control over subordinate units and communications with higher echelons, Farley said. This platoon and its on-hand equipment add resources to train soldiers and support a mobile command post. This gives a division commander Each of the Iraqi armys 13 divisions has a TCC platoon. Each 21 soldiers and six truck drivers. The platoon has six extended cab and HF radios. They also use two Badger vehicles, which are similar military. The mobile command center installed in the Badger vehicle allows a division commander to move to an area or critical point command and control. through the training was 5th Division, out of Diyala, Farley said. The 1st Iraqi Army division
11 on, two divisions at a time are scheduled to be cycling through here to receive the training. I thought the training was but also for the Iraqi signal leaders gaining an understanding of how to train together with the equipment, Farley said. The initial job of training Iraqi army communicators to conduct secure voice-and-data communications falls to the Iraqi Signal School at Camp Taji, where it runs the TCC Unit Set Fielding Training Course. The course is designed to run each divisions newly formed TCC platoon through the individual and collective training required to perform the tasks of a TCC platoon. The course runs 26 days, with the last six days devoted to which the soldiers deploy their newly issued equipment and work together as a unit to accomplish the mission. exercise, despite rain and muddy conditions, the signal platoon quickly set up the TCC and maintained communications between two Iraqi army operating centers. to provide realistic, hands-on training that builds their in their equipment, Farley said. They conduct convoy operations, move to locations employ their equipment, establish communications in the operations centers, and then recover and redeploy their assets. the Iraqi Signal School. Until now, they had only conducted classroom and individual training on radios and antennas, Farley said. hands on, repetitive training to meet the standards, Farley added. Once they met the standards, we taught them to change the We coached them using troop leading procedures, sand tables, site reconnaissance, and standard operating procedure development. which they called discussions, and they learned a lot from them. At the end of each day of training, we held these discussions. Farley said. We platoon led the discussions. The idea of the platoon coming together as soldiers, regardless of rank, and talking candidly about what the platoon did well or needed to improve on, was a real break from their top-down-driven command culture. It was rewarding to see that the platoon wanted to be demanding training. U.S. Army Maj. Rob Edwards contributed to this article.
12 CAMP DUBLIN, Iraq -N either simulated crime scenes, nor tense mock takedowns of terrorist suspects dented Arab and Kurd cember, 40 Kurdish Zerevani policemen and several hundred Iraqi Federal police broke down doors to gether even as they broke down cultural barriers between each other as classmates in a specialized course for Iraqi security forces. Iraqi federal police students confront an angry crowd in a training scenario. Italian Col. Enrico Mattina NATO Training Mission-Iraq PAO NTM-I CarabinieriClassmates Break Barriers
13 Careful to maintain the integrity of a mock crime scene, police investigators col lect evidence.
14 (Above) Carabinieri instructor supervises crowd-control training. (Below) Cara federal policeman.
15 (Above) The close protection unit safely moves a dignitary while push ing back hostile elements. (Left) Iraqi-Kurd federal police employ the turtle formation or covering with riot shields, when hailed with riotertossed stones.
16 (Right) An Iraqi-Kurd federal police team practices building entry procedures during the break-thru phase of their training. (Below) conducts a search and arrest of a non-cooperative suspect.
17 BAGHDAD A group of 45 emerging Iraqi ministry experts sales converged on the Ministerial Training and Development Center in the International Zone they learned tips on how to buy military hardware and services for Iraq from the United States. A U.S. mobile education team from the Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management at Wrightprovided the instruction. the security ministries especially, rely on FMS counsel when deciding purchasing requirements for key equipment and training needs by the Iraqi security Col. Bonnie Burckel, chief, Out of Country Training, Iraq Security Assistance Mission, U.S. ForcesIraq. Iraqis who will purchase equipment and sustainment cases under the U.S. Security Assistance apparatus are some class. The class is being hosted jointly by DISAM, the Ministerial Training and Development Center, and the Iraq Security Assistance commandant, led the team from DISAM. Course is the cornerstone for educating Iraqis in this case on the ins and outs of security assistance and security cooperation, explores areas of acquisition, military training. This is quite important to a country like Iraq as their internal governmental infrastructure builds upon previously approved SA/SC programs designed to make their equipped to meet their future requirements. in their role as a procurer and user of U.S. military equipment Iraqi Military Equipment Buyers Learn Value of FMS Transparency, Reliability
18 Iraq must take on more of the role of determining, procuring, and maintaining their defense requirements and assets -and proceeding on a track that gets them to where they need to be. ISAM and the Defense Security Cooperation Agency conducted an for Iraqi purchasers and personnel working in FMS by bringing to specialists from the United States in early November. That conference brought together U.S. case managers and Iraqi customers to review FMS purchase cases. The face-to-face discussions allowed customers from the Iraqi security ministries specializing in FMS to identify and resolve problems with their purchases as early as possible. Iraq is one of only two nations equipment through the FMS program during a U.S. contingency operation, said U.S. Air Force Brig. Gen. Craig S. Olson, director, Iraq Security Assistance Mission. This program is corruption free government. FMS in Iraq and all but one other FMS program elsewhere in the world is that there is a war going on here, Olson said. But even though FMS was not designed to be used in contingency operations, we have received great support from the stateside agencies responsible for security assistance and have discovered that FMS processes can be adapted well to a contingency environment. FMS is helping enhance security in Iraq and trust in the U.S.-Iraq partnership. FMS cases presently being worked. Some of these cases include the purchase of military articles such as: tanks, ships, airplanes, helicopters, and their respective training and sustainment requirements. related to the Iraqi air force, for procurement and sustainment cases. ISAM has worked with Iraq purchasers to procure and sustain function of moving personnel and cargo throughout Iraq. ISAM also established procurement and sustainment cases that build and mold next generation Iraqi air force pilots by delivering and sustaining By highlighting what FMS provides, and also what it is will be less likely to expect more from FMS than it can adequately deliver, said U.S. Air Force Col. Joe Arata, ISAMs Air Force team chief. This greater awareness of and Iraqi-funded FMS cases. It does this by improving the current requirements generation process, tracking equipment being delivered, managing expectations, and providing the reason for the general limitations put in place to ensure a transparent acquisition system. FMS is also providing Iraq with a symbol to show its commitment to stronger border security. Its purchase of a border surveillance system from the United States will provide coverage for large portions of Iraqs borders with Syria and Iran. When the system becomes border police will be monitoring 15-boat construction program are due for delivery to Iraq by the end of 2010, and will protect Iraqs vital offshore oil platforms. The 35-meter patrol boat contract is part of a larger total program that delivers spare parts, guns, ammunition, train ing, naval simulators and infrastructure within Umm Qasr Naval Base, Iraq. The total program for the Iraqi Navy is the third largest case of foreign military sales, or FMS, to Iraq. (courtesy photo)
19 activity along 286 kilometers kilometers of its border with Iran. evaluated multiple border surveillance systems from various nations. It recommended the Interior minister select the U.S. system because of FMS transparent purchase process and its long-term sustainment are addressed in the Foreign Barbero, deputy commanding general (Advising and Training), U.S. Forces-Iraq, called the Iraqi purchase a critical step forward from external threats. Combined with other improvements to its border security, the investment in security for the people of Iraq. For FMS to work well, trust from the purchaser in the process is essential, Burckel said. Gaining the trust of Iraqis is a process. We provide education through METs so they will gain understanding of how openly we operate. Once they understand the operation, they are more likely to trust the process. And trust in the FMS process strengthens both of our nations. FMS is an important aspect of security assistance, Burckel said. Security assistance shows the American commitment to the ongoing Iraq-U.S. partnership. DISAM tailored this FMS Foreign Iraqi partners about this process. In his closing remarks to underscored the critical role of trust in the future partnership between the United States and Iraq. of the processes that make security assistance a valuable tool, Olson you can have towards increasing the understanding and trust in FMS because it has the potential partnership between the United States and a sovereign, self-reliant and democratic Iraq. There are more than 130 Iraqi FMS cases presently being worked. Some of these cases include the purchase of military articles such as: tanks, ships, airplanes, humvees, helicopters, and their respective training and sustainment require ments.Above is an Mi-17 helicopter used for medium lift missions, such as transporting soldiers. (Photo by U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Travis Zielinski) Below is a King Air 350 aircraft, used for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance. (Photo by U.S. Air Force Staff Sgt. Shawn Wiesmiller)said. This course is merely the beginning of a continuous education process, and I encourage you to spread the knowledge youve gained to others in your respective ministries. You should
20 Spare Parts Ordering By the Book Page 6U.S. Army Sgt. Frank Smith and Iraqi 1st Sgt. Mohammed Hamza consult their tech nical manuals about repair parts order. The Iraqi army is transitioning from a paperand-pencil-based maintenance request system to an automated one. (Photo by U.S. Army Sgt. Joshua Risner, MND-B PAO)