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Office of inspector general semiannual report

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Title:
Office of inspector general semiannual report
Alternate Title:
NASA office of inspector general semiannual report
Creator:
United States -- National Aeronautics and Space Administration. -- Office of Inspector General
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publisher:
NASA Office of Inspector General
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Frequency:
Two issues yearly
semiannual
regular
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English
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v. : ; 28 cm.

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Subjects / Keywords:
Auditing, Internal ( lcsh )
NASA PROGRAMS ( nasat )
INVESTIGATION ( nasat )
Auditing, Internal ( fast )
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serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )

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Dates or Sequential Designation:
1986-
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Title from cover.

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University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
21631971 ( OCLC )
ocm21631971

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October 1, 2013 March 31, 2014

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Falcon 9 and SES 8 launch from SpaceXs launch pad at Cape Canaveral.

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October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 FROM THE INSPECTOR GENERALSpace exploration remains a tent-pole objective in NASAs mission programs, such as the Agencys efforts to nurture a domestic capability approximately 80 percent of its $17 billion annual budget on contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements. improve its multi-billion-dollar contracting and procurement operations. For example, Federal contracting rules and promotes a philosophy that as long as a mission provides serious management and performance challenges facing NASA. We discuss nine challenges in this years report ranging from developing the Space Launch System and governance structure. Paul K. Martin April 30, 2014

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October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 Contents ................... ............ ... .................... ......................... ......................... ................................. .............................. ... ......................... ............................ ...........................

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1 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL INSPECTOR GENERAL Paul K. Martin DEPUTY INSPECTOR GENERAL Gail A. Robinson EXECUTIVE OFFICERRenee N. JuhansINVESTIGATIVE COUNSELJames MitzelfeldOFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING ASSISTANT INSPECTOR GENERAL Hugh J. Hurwitz OFFICE OF AUDITS ASSISTANT INSPECTOR GENERAL James L. Morrison FIELD OFFICES Ames Research Center Glenn Research Center Goddard Space Flight Center Jet Propulsion Laboratory Johnson Space Center Kennedy Space Center Langley Research Center Marshall Space Flight Center OFFICE OF INVESTIGATIONS ASSISTANT INSPECTOR GENERAL Kevin H. WintersFIELD OFFICES Ames Research Center Glenn Research Center Goddard Space Flight Center Jet Propulsion Laboratory Johnson Space Center Kennedy Space Center Langley Research Center Marshall Space Flight Center Stennis Space Center Francis P. LaRoccaCOUNSEL TO THE INSPECTOR GENERAL investigations of NASA programs and operations to prevent and detect fraud, administrative activities. by identifying opportunities for improving the Agencys performance. The Deputy

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2 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report employees about prohibitions on retaliation for protected disclosures and about prosecution and civil litigation or to NASA management for administrative action. to reduce the Agencys vulnerability to criminal activity and misconduct. resources, administrative, and information technology services and support to

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3 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 AUDITS AND INVESTIGATIONS contract, grant, and project management is more critical than ever. Through value related to its contracts and grants. NASAs Use of Award-fee Contracts We found that although NASA has processes designed to improve contractor totaling $66.4 million. These errors resulted from policy requiring the use of complex mathematical formulas to calculate interim and provisional payments. corrects any errors. We also determined that NASA applies a clause to end-item even though the Agency determined the contractors performance did not circumvents a Federal procurement rule that prohibits rollover of unearned fees to subsequent performance periods and promotes a Hubble psychology at the Agency an understanding that as long as a project ultimately produces during development. criterion not evaluated as required by NASA policy. Furthermore, NASA failed

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4 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report future acquisitions. We made 12 recommendations to NASAs Assistant Administrator for Procurement, including simplifying the mathematical formulas used to revising policy to prevent contractors from receiving payments NASA reemphasizing or issuing additional guidance to address evaluation and NASAs Use of Award-fee Contracts (IG-14-003, November 19, 2013) http://oig.nasa.gov/audits/reports/FY14/IG-14-003.pdf NASAs Strategic Sourcing Program historically, agencies have made many of these purchases in a highly To address this issue, agencies have been encouraged to practice strategic sourcing by centralizing their contracting decisions or by using governmentEach year NASA spends approximately 80 percent of its budget acquiring the program to result in a better understanding of Agency spending patterns, achieve better value for products and services. We found that despite this effort, NASA has failed to develop a robust, to maximize savings. NASA has not conducted a comprehensive, Agencymore strategic procurement approach. Further, although NASA performed

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5 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 limited spend analyses on individual commodities, it has not established We made six recommendations to NASAs Assistant Administrator for Procurement to strengthen the Agencys Strategic Sourcing Program. NASA analysis of all procurement activities and to incorporate into Agency policy the use of strategic sourcing initiatives to the maximum extent possible. Accordingly, these recommendations remain unresolved. NASAs Strategic Sourcing Program (IG-14-010, January 15, 2014) NASAs Award Closeout Process on contracts to procure goods and services and on grants and cooperative closeout process should occur. Meeting these timeframes can help limit NASAs the Agency may have made and ensuring that contractors and grantees have of unused funds frees up money for other Agency or government uses. As of closeout process. its closeout process. First, NASAs process is not uniform across the Agency,

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6 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report not deobligated in a timely manner. Fourth, the Agency incurred $6,699 open past the period of expiration. Statistically projected, this amounts to approximately $170,000 in unnecessary service fees. Fifth, the Agency closed across the Agency, could help NASA strengthen its closeout process. We made four recommendations to the Assistant Administrator for and implement a policy requiring Centers to maximize use of the closeout contractor and establish a timeframe for procurement staff to turn our recommendations. NASAs Award Closeout Process (IG-14-014, February 12, 2014) http://oig.nasa.gov/audits/reports/FY14/IG-14-014.pdf NASAs Management Strategy for Conducting Aeronautics Research Over the past decade, the proportion of NASA funds dedicated to aeronautics budget, in 2006, the Associate Administrator for the Aeronautics Research edge research. announced in 2006 to support advancement of the nations civil aeronautics

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7 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 industry, academia, and other Federal agencies to develop its research plans, appropriate acquisition instrument. The Aeronautics Research Mission Directorates Management Strategy for Conducting Aeronautics Research (IG-14-012, January 30, 2014) http://oig.nasa.gov/audits/reports/FY14/IG-14-012.pdf Security Firm Executive Sentenced services company, to 5 years in prison and 2 years supervised release. The ill-gotten gains. Previously, the executive had pled guilty to one count of major to secure more than $2.4 million in NASA security contracts. NASA Contractor Reaches Settlement the contractor proposed fraudulent costs for NASA-sponsored research. Mississippi Testing Company Debarred contracts for a period of 5 years. The debarment occurred after the company performed on engine test stands at the Stennis Space Center.

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8 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report Ongoing Audit Work NASAs Management of Space Act Agreements NASA has relied on the other transactions authority granted by the and other entities. We are evaluating NASAs management of its Space collecting fees from agreement partners and receiving fair and reasonable The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Project SOFIA percent increase over initial estimates the Stratospheric Observatory one of the most expensive observatories in NASAs science portfolio. We are the program. Audit of NASAs Mission Operations Services Space-based mission operations have evolved over the years as both spacecraft and ground system technology have matured. As the capabilities includes $755.4 million for Science Mission Directorate operations and costs expended. Incurred Costs in Cost-Type Contracts a potential combined value of approximately $120 billion.1 We are examining reasonable, and allocable.

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9 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 NASAs Use of Blanket Purchase Agreements examining NASAs use of BPAs. Audits of NASA Grants and Cooperative Agreements NASA faces the ongoing challenge of ensuring that the approximately are appropriately administered and accomplish their intended goals. We and cooperative agreements are being used for their intended purposes of Colorado. NASAs Implementation of Recommendations Regarding Intergovernmental Personnel Act Assignments Federal agencies may temporarily assign personnel to or from non-Federal organizations, including state and local governments, institutions of higher are examining the Agencys implementation of those recommendations.1 Cost-type contracts are cost reimbursement contracts that provide for payment of allowable incurred costs to the extent prescribed in the contract. These contracts establish an estimate of total cost for the purpose of obligating funds and estab

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10 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report Space operations and human exploration are among NASAs most highly visible missions. Key challenges on the horizon include the emergence of commercial NASAs Management of its Commercial Crew Program Agreements and procurement contracts. While Boeing, SpaceX, and Sierra Nevada are responsible for developing the vehicles, they rely heavily on NASA funding, and as of August 31, 2013, NASA has spent $1.1 billion on commercial the commercial partners launch systems and spacecraft meet Agency safety several obstacles that may prevent it from meeting its goal of transporting challenges include unstable funding, partners, and

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11 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 Air Force. Act Agreements are used provide detailed cost estimates for each year of the program based upon a complete analysis of the program over time before adherence to the 90-day goal for responding to contractor requests for alternate corrective action to accomplish each of our recommendations. NASAs Management of its Commercial Crew Program (IG-14-001, November 13, 2013) http://oig.nasa.gov/audits/reports/FY14/IG-14-001.pdf NASAs Decision to Test the Space Launch System Core Stage at Stennis Space Center of dollars to build or refurbish and may sit idle for many years after the associated programs end. On April 24, 2012, NASAs Human Exploration and Operations Directorate Program Management Council approved a plan to refurbish the B-2 test stand at Stennis to accommodate testing of the core stage refurbish the B-2 test stand. We also found that NASA did not adequately

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12 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report considerable time and money studying the B-2 option, they gave the joint of the other test stand options. Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate, including that to the core stage and SLS Program. NASAs Decision Process for Conducting Space Launch System Core Stage Testing at Stennis (IG-14-009, January 8, 2014) http://oig.nasa.gov/audits/reports/FY14/IG-14-009.pdf Lunar Materials Recovered by the NASA Photographic Team Lead during shipboard recovery efforts for Team Lead had previously sold at auction for $6,000. The Team Leads family retained as part of the Agencys lunar collection. Ongoing Audit Work NASAs Efforts to Extend the Operational Life of the International Space Station facing NASA related to this extension, including progress in certifying the the expansion, and progress made and plans in place to utilize the Station for both NASA and non-NASA users.

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13 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 Audit of the Space Communications and Navigation Program orbit. Without SCaN services, satellites could not transmit data to Earth or its satellites and ground systems are aging, beginning to fail, or increasingly NASAs Efforts to Identify and Mitigate Near-Earth Object Hazards Every day more than 100 tons of material from space enters the Earths atmosphere. Although most of this material burns up upon entry, occasionally, large objects penetrate the atmosphere, such as the meteor that exploded in than 140 meters in diameter by the year 2020.

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14 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report the information and information systems vital to its mission. Achieving the Agencys NASAs Agency Consolidated End-User Services Contract laptops, mobile devices, printers, and other computing equipment and endservices model. By adopting this enterprise model, NASA hoped to save money We found that the ACES contract fell short of Agency expectations for several of HP to deliver on some of its promises.

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15 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 Review of NASAs Agency Consolidated End-User Services Contract (IG-14-013, January 30, 2014) http://oig.nasa.gov/audits/reports/FY14/IG-14-013.pdf Security of NASAs Mobile Devices connection, and location services. Further, the diversity of available devices, operating systems, carrier-provided services, and applications presents the device management mean the Agency is unable to ensure that it is not paying and accurate inventory of Agency-issued smartphones, tablets, cellphones, determine the exact amount NASA paid for these unused devices because June through December 2013 these unused devices cost NASA more than

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16 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report centralized management of smartphones and tablets that connect to both recommendations. NASAs Management of its Smartphones, Tablets, and Other Mobile Devices (IG-14-015, February 27, 2014) http://oig.nasa.gov/audits/reports/FY14/IG-14-015.pdf Federal Information Security Management Act: Fiscal Year 2013 Evaluation We found that NASA has established a program to address the challenges in Continuous Monitoring Management Security Training Plan of Action and Milestones Remote Access Management Contingency Planning Contractor Systems Security Capital Planning

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17 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 Federal Information Security Management Act: Fiscal Year 2013 Evaluation (IG-14-004, November 20, 2013) http://oig.nasa.gov/audits/reports/FY14/IG-14-004.pdf Estonian National Sentenced for Cybercrime Scheme Ongoing Audit Work Security of NASAs Public Websites and Facility provide assurance that the Agency is developing and deploying safe and reliable NASAs Compliance with Federal Information Security Management Act for Fiscal Year 2014

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18 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report NASA Receives Clean Opinion on Fiscal Year 2013 Financial Statements accounting principles. This is the third consecutive year NASA received an The IGs transmittal letter and PWCs audit reports can be found in the Financials section of NASAs FY 2013 Agency Financial Report (IG-14-006, December 17, 2013)

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19 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 Ongoing Audit Work NASAs Compliance with the Improper Payments Information Act for Fiscal Year 2013 improper payments audits. Audit of NASAs Fiscal Year 2014 Financial Statements

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20 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report Foreign National Access Issues at Ames Research Center foreign nationals are not permitted access to such export-controlled These complaints led to a 4-year criminal investigation by the Federal Bureau issued a report to the Administrator in February 2014. controlled technology. Moreover, the foreign nationals subsequently applied for and received licenses permitting them to access the information. We concluded that these incidents resulted more from carelessness and a genuine

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21 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 on board at Ames. For example, contrary to NASA rules, a foreign national improperly received unescorted access privileges to Ames in 2006 prior to the January NASA received a report it commissioned from the National Academy of Public Administration assessing the effectiveness of the Agencys foreign national access and export control processes. We encouraged NASA to consider adjusts its foreign national and export control programs. Review of ITAR and Foreign National Access Issues at Ames Research Center (February 26, 2014) Chinese Nationals Access to NASAs Langley Research Center prompted at least in part by internal NASA documents suggesting it had

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22 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report authorities because a search of his belongings revealed electronic media he research and graduate education organization located in Hampton, Virginia, funding restrictions in NASAs appropriations legislation. Jiang returned to We found that NASA did not violate appropriations restrictions by hiring Jiang. We also found that Langleys process for requesting access for foreign made errors that contributed to the confusion about the proper scope of Jiangs his NASA-provided laptop to China. We made six recommendations to improve NASAs foreign visitor approval proposed corrective actions. Bo Jiangs Access to NASAs Langley Research Center (October 22, 2013)

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23 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 NASAs Lease of Hangar Space and Sale of Aviation Fuel to H211 aircraft, including a 2-seat Alpha Jet military-style aircraft. The hangar is the Alpha Jet to conduct Earth science research. H211 fuels its planes for provider of aviation fuel at Moffett. Because the rate DLA-Energy charged H211 for this fuel did not include state and local taxes or other fees H211 comparable aviation fuel prices at those facilities. and that the lease and companion Space Act Agreement supported NASAs collect climate data at no cost to NASA. personnel rather than intentional misconduct led to H211 receiving the resulted in considerable savings for H211. We calculated that since inception of its lease, H211 paid approximately $3.3 million to $5.3 million less in fuel economic loss to NASA or DLA-Energy, H211 nevertheless received a monetary Review of Allegations of Improper Leasing and Provision of Aircraft Fuel at

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24 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report NASAs Compliance with Federal Export Controls The Inspector Generals Annual Federal Export Control Compliance Letter to Congress (January 29, 2014) ReviewofNASACompliancewithFederalExportControlLaws.pdf NASA Manager Sentenced Professor Debarred for Ethics Violations assistance for a pending procurement in return for the promise of future substantially involved in the technical evaluation of a VA Tech proposal to NASA for a cooperative agreement he authored in an effort to ensure his Former NASA Manager Retires in Lieu of Removal for Ethics Violation cooperative agreement. Although the former manager told his supervisors

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25 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 found that on more than 10 occasions he inappropriately used his NASA 2014, the former manager elected to retire from government service in lieu of administrative removal. Former Contractor Employee Convicted of Fraudulently Obtaining Credit credit cards she fraudulently obtained by opening accounts using personally May 2014. Service Company Owner Charged Former Contract Employee Pleads Guilty to Theft of Government Property pending completion of a Pre-Trial Division Program. The court also ordered investigation that disclosed the technician stole government property from property to NASA. Civil Servant Indicted for Time and Attendance Abuse false time and attendance reports resulting in a loss to the government of approximately $61,000.

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26 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report Former NASA Intern Charged heat shield and sensitive documents from the Center. Former NASA Contractor Employee Charged with Theft felony theft for stealing tools and other maintenance-related items from the Johnson Space Center. Former NASA Security Specialist Sentenced Magistrates Court to one count of simple possession of a scheduled narcotic. Ongoing Audit Work Audit of NASAs Launch Support and Infrastructure Modernization Efforts refurbishing and modifying existing infrastructure at the Kennedy Space Building to launch pad 39B and modifying the mobile launcher platform and NASAs management of these efforts. Audit of NASAs Environmental Remediation Efforts environment from its past activities. As of September 30, 2013, NASA had over the next 30 years. We are examining the extent of NASAs environmental address those needs.

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27 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 TOP MANAGEMENT AND PERFORMANCE CHALLENGES report identifying the most serious management and performance challenges facing issues as the top management and performance challenges facing NASA. 1. Considering Whether to Further Extend the Life of the International Space Station structure and update its equipment. Consequently, some space policy experts other human exploration programs. At the same time, NASA needs to gauge operations for the additional 8 years. and extraordinary effort to build the have emphasized the importance of maximizing the research capabilities. that although NASA attract private funding and encourage companies and other organizations to conduct self-funded research. Historically, NASA has received little interest International Space Station.

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28 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report Maximizing these capabilities also relies on the success of the Agencys is essential to ensuring the capacity to ferry experiments and supplies to and from the Station. The vehicles currently under development as part of 2. Developing the Space Launch System and its Component Programs Successful development of the SLS and the accompanying Orion Multihuman exploration goals. NASA faces challenges in concurrently developing exploration systems be affordable, sustainable, and realistic. Moreover, Programs integrated cost and schedule. Looming over the daunting technical and schedule challenges for NASAs human exploration program is a foreboding budget scenario. For example, funding to the most critical systems necessary to achieve the next development milestone rather than developing multiple systems Artists concept of SLS launch.

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29 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 Even after the SLS and MPCV are fully developed and ready to transport long-term sustainability of its human exploration program. For example, unless NASA begins a program to develop landers and surface systems, late 2020s at the earliest. 3. Securing Commercial Crew Transportation Services to the Station and the Russian Soyuz program to transport its astronauts. at prices ranging from $47 million to more than $70 million per round trip. and Sierra Nevada using a combination of funded Space Act Agreements and more traditional contracts based on the Federal Acquisition Regulation development efforts. NASA requested. The reduction in funds has resulted in delays of the expected Moreover, NASA has yet to project the total amount of funding required by submissions. Further, the process for providing timely guidance to partners

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30 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report progressing, but has yet to be fully resolved. Resolution of issues such as Communications Networks Program to create an integrated Agencyarchitecture. SCaN is comprised of three geosynchronous orbit. While NASA has been responsible for providing communications, navigation, implement a modern ground station to deliver high quality services to the increasingly unreliable and more expensive to maintain. Artists concept of TDRS-K satellite.

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31 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 lives. The TDRS replenishment efforts are major components of transfer requirements of those missions. 5. Maintaining Cost and Schedule for the James Webb Space Telescope Designed to help understand the origin of the universe, evolution of stars, is anticipated to be the premier space-based observatory of the next decade. be unserviceable should it malfunction. optimistic culture, a tendency to underestimate technical complexity, and projects, including JWST. Over the years, the Programs life-cycle costs have times. Late 1990s and early 2000s cost estimates for the JWST Program the JWST Program and established a revised baseline life-cycle cost estimate of $8.8 billion and an October 2018 launch date.

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32 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report Artists rendering of the James Webb Space Telescope.Although JWST Program management has made progress, for the Program to meet its that the Programs cost estimate could be improved, schedule reserve for required test and integration of four instruments had yet to be delivered. Program managers example, having spent more than expected in the past year to address several unanticipated technical challenges, the Programs contingency reserves are less than planned and Headquarters-level reserves for the Program are is the largest science project in NASAs portfolio, any future budgetary and 6. Managing NASAs Infrastructure and Facilities NASA has been unable to fully fund required maintenance for its approximately deferred maintenance costs at $2.3 billion. A 2012 NASA study estimated maintenance costs of more than $24 million annually. aspects of NASAs efforts to manage its aging infrastructure. We found that efforts by NASA to reduce its underutilized facilities have been hindered meaningful reductions in the size of its real property portfolio. Moreover,

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33 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 continue to be elusive. than it needs to carry out current and planned missions, and the Agency steps, most are in the early stages of development and NASA has attempted Absent strong and sustained leadership to see its current efforts through these initiatives are institutionalized, coordinated, and communicated both that have impeded past efforts to eliminate Agency facilities. Accordingly, an outside process similar to DODs Base Realignment and Closure Commission 7. Overhauling NASAs Information Technology Governance Structure governance approach that appropriately aligns authority and responsibility structure directly affects its ability to attain its strategic goals. For this

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34 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report We have found that the decentralized nature of NASAs operations and its that marginalizes the authority of the position, and cannot enforce security governance structure is overly complex and does not function effectively. As a result, Agency managers tend to rely on informal relationships rather than NASA continues to operate under a decentralized model that relegates decision 8. Ensuring Security of Agency Information Technology Systems on or unauthorized access to its computers. These intrusions have affected thousands of NASA computers, caused disruption to mission operations, and reports containing 63 recommendations designed to improve NASAs protect the information and information systems vital to its missions. For example, the Agency continues to experience challenges as it transitions

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35 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 progress in transitioning to continuous monitoring, the Agency still needs that are required for its system components and develop an effective means 9. Ensuring Integrity of the Contracting and Grant Process on contracts to procure goods and services and on funding to grant and continued to uncover fraud and other problems related to NASA contracts. processes intended to improve contractor performance and acquisition formulas and a contract clause designed to hold contractors accountable contracts, thereby reducing its ability to measure their effectiveness.

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36 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report With respect to grant management, NASA faces the ongoing challenge of are administered appropriately and that recipients are accomplishing stated resulting in 4 prosecutions and $13.2 million in restitution and recoveries and an additional $15 million in civil settlements. One area that continues to be a challenge to protect from fraud is NASAs approximately $154 million to small businesses under this program during small businesses in federally funded research and development, and increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from federally and the National Science Foundation by creating the false impression they

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37 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 LEGAL ISSUESIraqi Inspectors General Study Tour D.C. The event included multiple sessions focusing on the establishment IG Authorities Training

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38 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report REGULATORY REVIEW Draft 14 C.F.R. 1204, Subpart 11, NASA Protective Services Enforcement NASA drafted amendments to 14 C.F.R. 1204, Subpart 11, NASA Protective Services Enforcement issued Federal District Court Violation Notices for the offenses and potentially concerns about the legal underpinnings of the proposed regulatory change and guidance for identifying, reporting, and transferring NASA artifacts. NASA artifacts are items of personal property related to the history of achievements, technology, understanding of the universe, and important or about accomplishments achieved in NASAs aeronautics and space programs, the Agency encourages the donation of appropriate artifacts to museums, respect to implementation of the NPR.

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39 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 NPR 8820.2G, Facility Project Requirements This NPR provides the minimum requirements for planning, approving, designing, building, and acquiring all NASA real property facility projects. including enhanced use leasing, energy savings performance contracts, and be further revised to more clearly address the recommendations made in the process for prioritizing the construction of facilities projects.

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40 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report OUTREACH ACTIVITIES On January 13 14, 2014, OAs Science and Aeronautics Research Director Committee held at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Massachusetts. OAs Financial Management Directorate participated in monthly meetings of management, including impacts of accounting and auditing standards, and

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41 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 AWARDS CIGIE Awards Ceremony OAs Science and Aeronautics Research Excellence for exceptional performance in identifying unsafe conditions and practices in NASAs Explosives Safety Program. in recognition of their exceptional performance on a multi-agency complex fraud investigation. OMPs former Director of Human Excellence in recognition of her exceptional administrative support. From left: IG Paul Martin; Raymond Tolomeo, Director Science and Aeronautics Research Directorate; and James Morrison, Assistant Inspector General for Audits. From left: IG Martin; Patricia Searle, Resident Agent-in-Charge; Norman Conley Jr., Special Agent; and Kevin Winters, Assistant Inspector General for Investigations. From left: IG Martin; Janice L. Chiverton, Director of and Planning; and Hugh Hurwitz, Assistant Inspector General for Management and Planning.

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43 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 Appendixes ... ........... ......... .......... ............................. .............................

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44 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report Debt CollectionT

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45 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 Table 1: Audit Products and Impact IG-14-014, IG-14-012, IG-14-010, IG-14-003, IG-14-009, IG-14-001, IG-14-015, IG-14-013, IG-14-004,

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46 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report IG-14-008, IG-14-007, IG-14-006, No number, No number,

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47 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 open. Of these open recommendations, 95 are from 7 reports issued during this semiannual reporting period.Table 2: Audit Recommendations Yet to Be Implementeda. New Since Last Reporting Period OPEN CLOSED IG-14-014, IG-14-010, IG-14-003, IG-14-009, IG-14-001, IG-14-015, IG-14-008,

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48 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report b. Reported in Previous Semiannual Reports IG-13-021, IG-13-015, IG-13-006, IG-12-017, IG-11-017, IG-10-013, IG-10-013-a, IG-13-014, IG-13-008, IG-12-020, IG-12-008, IG-11-024,

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49 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 IG-13-020, IG-13-011, IG-12-015, IG-12-010, IG-13-023, IG-12-019, IG-12-018, IG-12-016, IG-12-013, IG-09-017, IG-11-026, a The OIG is working with management to determine a revised target closure date.b The OIG is reviewing managements request for closure.

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50 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report Table 3: Audits with Questioned Costs Management decision made during period No management decision at end of period Table 4: Audits with Recommendations that Funds Be Put to Better Use Management decision made during period No management decision at end of period Table 5: Status of A-133 Findings and Questioned Costs Related to NASA Awards NUMBER OF FINDINGS QUESTIONED COSTS Note:

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51 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 Table 6: Legal Activities and Reviews a. Complaint Intake Disposition d 54 121 Total 70 36 7 62 175a or to another agency.b c d or civil investigation.b. Full Investigations Opened this Reporting Period a taken place. c. Cases Pending at End of Reporting Period Total 245 d. Qui Tam Investigations e. Judicial Actions

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52 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report f. Administrative Actions Total 10 Total 6 Total 1 Total 9 g. Investigative Receivables and Recoveries Total $14,268,272 Total to NASA $4,130,490a

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53 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014Defense Contract Audit Agency Audits of NASA Contractors reports involving NASA contract activities. DCAA Audit Reports Issued The cognizant agency responsible for administering the contract negotiates questioned costs and recommendations for funds to be put to better use. The better use included in DCAA reports issued during this semiannual reporting Table 8: DCAA Audit Reports with Questioned Costs and Recommendations that Funds Be Put to Better Use; Amounts Agreed To authentication. The data presented does not include statistics on audits that resulted in contracts not awarded or in which the contractor was not successful.a

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54 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report

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55 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 Administrative Investigation. An administrative investigation is an inquiry into A questioned cost that management, in a management decision, has sustained or agreed should not be Investigative Recoveries. court settlements. Investigative Referrals. state, or local level or to agencies for management or administrative action. An individual case may be referred for disposition to one or more of these categories. Judicial Actions. investigation may be necessary. This category comprises cases investigated by the and convictions represent the number of individuals or organizations indicted or Latest Target Closure Date. Managements current estimate of the date it The evaluation by and recommendations, including actions that management concludes are necessary.

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56 NASA Oce of Inspector General Semiannual Report A cost that is questioned by grant, cooperative agreement, or other agreement or document governing the for the intended purpose is unnecessary or unreasonable. Recommendation Resolved. Recommendation that Funds Be Put to Better Use (the IG Act of 1978 improvements related to the operations of the establishment, a contractor, or Qui Tam. Latin for who as well. An unsupported cost is a cost

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57 October 1, 2013March 31, 2014 Appendix E. Acronyms ACES BPA CIGIE CIO DCAA Defense Contract Audit Agency DLA Defense Logistics Agency DOD Department of Defense FAA Federal Aviation Administration FAR Federal Acquisition Regulation FY HP HP Enterprise Services IG IPA IPERA IPIA ISS IT ITAR IV&V JWST James Webb Space Telescope MPCV NAPA National Academy of Public Administration NIA NPR NASA Procedural Requirement OA OI OIG OMB PwC SBIR SCaN Space Communications and Navigation SLS Space Launch System SOFIA TDRS

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NASA OIG Headquarters Washington, DC 20546-0001 Ames Research Center Ames Research Center Mail Stop 11, Building N207 Moffett Field, CA 94035-1000 Glenn Research Center Mail Stop 14-9 Cleveland, OH 44135-3191 Goddard Space Flight Center Code 190 General 402 East State Street Room 3036 Trenton, NJ 08608 Jet Propulsion Laboratory Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena, CA 91109-8099 Mail Stop 180-202 Mail Stop 180-203 General 501 West Ocean Boulevard Suite 5120 Long Beach, CA 90802-4222 Johnson Space Center Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Houston, TX 77058-3696 Mail Stop W-JS Building 1, Room 161 Mail Stop W-JS2 Building 45, Room 514 Kennedy Space Center Kennedy Space Center, FL 32815 Langley Research Center Langley Research Center 9 East Durand Street Mail Stop 375 Hampton, VA 23681 Marshall Space Flight Center Marshall Space Flight Center, AL 35812-0001 Stennis Space Center Building 3101, Room 119 Stennis Space Center, MS 39529-6000 Ames Research Center California Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Johnson Space Center Texas Stennis Space Center Mississippi Marshall Space Flight Center Alabama Kennedy Space Center Florida Langley Research Center Virginia NASA Headquarters Washington, DC Goddard Space Flight Center Maryland Glenn Research Center Ohio AMES DRYDEN FLIGHT RESEARCH CENTER GLENN RESEARCH CENTER GLEN RESEARCH CENTER PLUMBROOK STATION GODDARD INSTITUTE FOR SPACE STUDIES GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER JET PROPULSION LABORATORY JOHNSON SPACE CENTER KENNEDY SPACE CENTER LANGLEY RESEARCH CENTER MARSHALL SPACE FLIGHT CENTER STENNIS SPACE CENTER ALABAMA CALIFORNIA FLORIDA LOUISIANA MARYLAND MISSISSIPPI NEW MEXICO NEW YORK OHIO TEXAS VIRGINIA WEST VIRGINIA

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OIG HOTLINE1 / TDD: 1 GO TO: http://oig.nasa.gov/hotline.html WRITE: NASA Ofce of Inspector General P.O. Box 23089, LEnfant Plaza Station Washington, DC 20026 WEBSITE: http://oig.nasa.gov