Citation
Office of inspector general semiannual report

Material Information

Title:
Office of inspector general semiannual report
Alternate Title:
NASA office of inspector general semiannual report
Creator:
United States -- National Aeronautics and Space Administration. -- Office of Inspector General
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publisher:
NASA Office of Inspector General
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Two issues yearly
semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ; 28 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Auditing, Internal ( lcsh )
NASA PROGRAMS ( nasat )
INVESTIGATION ( nasat )
Auditing, Internal ( fast )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
1986-
General Note:
Title from cover.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
21631971 ( OCLC )
ocm21631971

UFDC Membership

Aggregations:
Digital Aerospace Collection

Downloads

This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 2

The Carina Nebula Star Birth in the Extreme

PAGE 3

1 October 1, 2007March 31, 2008 FR OM THE INSPECT O R GENERAL Robert W. Cobb Inspector General

PAGE 4

2

PAGE 5

3 October 1, 2007March 31, 2008 ......................................... 5 ............................... 7 ........... 9 ............................ 10 ............................ 12 ........................... 17 ........................ 20 ................. 24 ........................................ 26 .................................... 28 ....................................... 28 ........................... 29 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 ......................................... 33 .............................. 35 .......................... 36 ........................ 45 ................. 48TABLE OF CO NTENTS

PAGE 7

5 October 1, 2007March 31, 2008 INSPECT OR GENERALRobert W CobbDEPUTY INSPECT OR GENERAL EXECUTIVE OFFICERCO UNSEL T O THE INSPECT OR GENERAL OFFICE OF A UDITS ASSISTANT INSPECT OR GENERAL OFFICE OF INVESTIGATIONS ASSISTANT INSPECT OR GENERAL OFFICE OF MANA GEMENT AND PLANNING ASSISTANT INSPECT OR GENERALO R G AN I ZAT IO N

PAGE 8

6

PAGE 9

October 1, 2007March 31, 2008 NASA S MO ST SER IO US M ANAG E M ENT AN D PER FO R M ANCE CHALLENG ESe Reports Consolidation Act of 2000 requires that each Inspector General (IG) of a Federal agency summarize what the IG considers to be the most serious management and performance challenges facing the agency. Following are the NASA IGs views of the challenges facing NASA. During the past year, NASA has worked to address these challenges and improve Agency programs and operations through various initiatives and by implementing recommendations made by this oce and other evaluative bodies, such as the Government Accountability Oce (GAO). An overarching challenge concerns how NASA integrates diverse programmatic and institutional functions across geographically dispersed operations. 7Transitioning requires that NASA balance the needs of the Space Shuttle Program against the needs of the Constellation Systems Program1 without compromising the operations of either. e chal lenge is multifaceted, involving mission equipment, facilities, and human capital. For example, the projected 5-year gap between the expected last ight of the Space Shuttle in 2010 and rst ight of the Crew Exploration Vehicle in 2015 will challenge NASAs ability to retain certain employee skill sets, eciently use its infrastructure and suppliers, and adequately support the activities of the International Space Station. NASA has not experienced a challenge of this magnitude since the end of the Apollo Program and the beginning of the Space Shuttle Program. NASAs challenge is to eectively manage risk, safety, and mission assurance controls to ensure reliable operations within the context of aggressive launch and mission schedules, funding limitations, and future uncertainties. NASA is also challenged by risks associated with reprioritizing resources to meet continually evolving demands. e Agency continues to be confronted with operational and safety risks such as those associated with the Space Shuttle foam liberation issues from the external tank. However, the continuing development of the Constellation Systems Program oers NASA a unique oppor tunity to leverage the lessons learned from the past concerning risk, risk management, and the Agencys safety culture. Mitigating real and potential risks is a challenge emblematic of the overall vigilance necessary to contain risks and still complete the Agencys mission. NASA has not been able to produce auditable nancial statements or provide sucient evidence to support statements throughout the scal year. ese deciencies have resulted in the independent public accountant disclaiming an opinion on NASAs nancial statements for the last 5 scal years. Many of the deciencies the audits disclosed Transitioning from the Space Shuttle to the Next Generation of Space Vehicles Managing Risk to People, Equipment, and Mission Financial Management

PAGE 10

8 resulted from a lack of eective internal control procedures and data integrity issues. While NASA has made progress in addressing deciencies, during FY 2007, the auditors noted that similar inadequa cies still exist. Two remaining material weaknesses involve NASAs nancial statement preparation process and internal controls over property, plant, and equipment and materials. (See page 12 for a summary of NASAs FY 2007 Financial Statement Audit.) Signicant management, operational, and technical control weak nesses continue to have an impact on the Agencys IT Security Program and threaten the condentiality, integrity, and availability of NASA information and its systems. Although these challenges are signicant, NASA has taken tremendous steps in FY 2007 to bolster its IT security defenses. Despite this progress, strategies for criminal computer intrusions continue to evolve, and the threat that the Agency continues to be a target remains. IT security is still a most serious management and performance challenge and is recognized by the Agency as a material weakness.Given that NASA expends most of its budget through contracts and other procurement vehicles, weaknesses in NASAs acquisition and contracting processes pose signicant challenges to the Agencys ability to make informed investment decisions. GAO rst identied NASAs contract management as a high-risk area in 1990 and reiter ated that assessment in 2005 and 2007, reporting that NASA lacked a modern, fully implemented, integrated nancial management system to provide accurate and reliable information on contract spending; that NASA used undisciplined cost-estimating processes in project development; and that NASA project managers were unable to obtain information needed to assess contract progress. Although GAO has recently reported on NASAs progress in mitigating the deciency, OIG and GAO audits and investigations continue to reveal systemic problems to include fully implementing a knowledge-based acquisi tion approach and procurement process abuses.Information Technology Security Acquisition and Contracting ProcessesNASAs Most Serious Management and Performance Challenges(November 13, 2007)

PAGE 11

October 1, 2007March 31, 20089 Space Operations and Exploration (Transition) NASA OIG Recommends Increased Rigor for Risk Assessment of Software Products NASA Management Concurrence: YesAddendum to Final Memorandum on Marshall Space Flight Centers Approach to Establishing Product Data Management and Mechanical Computer-Aided Design Software Tools as Standard Center-Wide (IG-07-013-a, February 19, 2008)Final Memorandum on Marshall Space Flight Centers Approach to Establishing Product Data Management and Mechanical Computer-Aided Design Software Tools as Standard Center-Wide(IG-07-013, July 24, 2007)S IG N IFI CANT AU DITS AN D I NVESTIG ATIO NS

PAGE 12

10 Safety (Managing Risk) NASA Urged to Publish Air Safety Survey Research NASA Management Concurrence: YesFinal Memorandum on the Review of the National Aviation Operations Monitoring Service(IG-08-014, March 31, 2008)

PAGE 13

October 1, 2007March 31, 200811 NASA Ensures Rigor and Independence of Mishap Board Glenn Deactivates Noncompliant Communication System Final Memorandum on Review of a Shuttle Training Aircraft Mishap on October 19, 2007(IG-08-009, February 15, 2008)Final Memorandum on Glenn Research Centers Land-Based Mobile Communication System(IG 08-012, March 10, 2008)

PAGE 14

12 Financial Management Disclaimer on FY 2007 Financial Statements Notes Improved Internal Controls Audit of NASAs FY 2007 Financial Statements(IG-08-001, November 15, 2007) NASA Contractor Convicted and Sentenced

PAGE 15

October 1, 2007March 31, 200813 NASA Management Concurrence: Yes NASA Works to Improve Its IT Control Environment OIG Closes Recommendations Related to Internal Control Transmittal of Final Report, Information Technology Findings and Recommendations, Prepared by Ernst & Young LLP, in Connection with the Audit of NASAs FY 2007 Financial Statements(IG-08-002, November 26, 2007)Transmittal of the Final Status of Fiscal Year 2006 Management Letter Findings and Recommendations Letter, Prepared by Ernst & Young LLP, in Connection with the Audit of the NASAs FY 2007 Financial Statements(IG-08-011, February 29, 2008)

PAGE 16

14 Leased Real Property Valued Around $295 Million Improperly Removed from General Ledger NASA Management Concurrence: Yes Unused Real Property Worth Nearly $247 Million Also Requires Reconciliation of Records Final Memorandum on NASAs Accounting for Real Property Leased to Other Entities (IG-08-004, December 11, 2007)Final Memorandum on NASAs Accounting for Capitalized Real Property Designated as Inactive(IG-08-005, December 11, 2007)

PAGE 17

October 1, 2007March 31, 200815 NASA Management Concurrence: Yes NASA to Provide New Guidance for Implementation of FY 2008 Congressional Earmarks NASA Management Concurrence: YesFinal Memorandum on Audit of NASAs Documentation of Readiness for Award Form Usage for Site-Specic Earmarks(IG-08-013, March 24, 2008)Audit of NASAs Management and Funding of Fiscal Year 2006 Congressional Earmarks(IG-07-028, August 9, 2007)

PAGE 18

16 NASA Agrees with Testing Recommendations to Enhance Financial Systems Capabilities NASA Management Concurrence: Yes Addendum to Final Report on System Integration Testing of the Systems, Applications, and Products Version Update Project Needed Improvement(IG-07-031-a, January 14, 2008)System Integration Testing of the Systems, Applications, and Products Version Update Project Needed Improvement(IG-07-031, September 28, 2007)

PAGE 19

October 1, 2007March 31, 200817 Information Technology NASA to Take Steps to Ensure Compliance with Electronic Records Management NASA Management Concurrence: YesFinal Memorandum on Audit of Retention of NASAs Ocial Electronic Mail (IG-08-010, February 28, 2008)

PAGE 20

18 OCIO Enhances Internal Controls to Rectify Investment Reporting Weaknesses Former NASA Aerospace Engineers Plead Guilty to Possession of Child Pornography Final Memorandum on Review of NASAs Budget Year 2008 Capital Asset Plan and Business Case (Exhibit 300) Submissions (IG-08-003, January 30, 2008) (Indictments previously reported September 30, 2007, page 22)

PAGE 21

October 1, 2007March 31, 200819 Former NASA Contractor Employee Reached Plea Agreement for Possession of Child Pornography NASA OIG Finds IT Security Allegations Lack Merit NASA Contract Employees Facilities Access Revoked (Indictment previously reported September 30, 2007, page 22)Alleged Weaknesses in Controls Over Passwords(March 13, 2008) Not posted on Internet.

PAGE 22

20 Acquisition and Contracting Global Precipitation Measurement Project Cost May Require Independent Assessment NASA Management Concurrence: YesFinal Memorandum on Audit of NASAs Global Precipitation Measurement Project(IG-08-016, March 31, 2008)

PAGE 23

October 1, 2007March 31, 200821 Excessive Oversight Impeded NASAs Management of Satellite Program Civil Settlement Nets More Than $1 Million for U.S. Government Final Memorandum on NASAs Management of the Flight Project for the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite Series-R Program(IG-08-006, December 19, 2007)

PAGE 24

22 Allegations of Improper Practices Found to be Unsubstantiated Marshall to Implement Property Administration Internal Controls and Training GAO FraudNET Referral #47550 (November 29, 2007) Not posted on the Internet.Addendum to Final Memorandum on Audit of Marshall Space Flight Centers Administration of Government Property Held O-Site by Contractors (IG-07-030-a, December 6, 2007)Final Memorandum on Audit of Marshall Space Flight Centers Administration of Government Property Held O-Site by Contractors(IG-07-030, September 28, 2007)

PAGE 25

October 1, 2007March 31, 200823 NASA Management Concurrence: Yes NASA Cancels Contract and Denies $778,119 in Claims Court Orders NASA Contractor to Pay More Than $5 Million NASA Employee Sentenced for Theft (Conviction previously reported September 30, 2007, page 19)

PAGE 26

24 Other Audit and Investigative MattersGlenn Provides Cost Estimates and Inspection Details to Complete Facility NASA Management Concurrence: Yes Administrative Assistant Sentenced for Mail Fraud Contractor Sentenced for Theft of Aerospace Metals Addendum to Final Memorandum on Observations on the Review and Approval of Glenn Research Centers Relocation of the Cryogenic Components Laboratory Facility(IG-07-027-a, November 30, 2007)Final Memorandum on Observations on the Review and Approval of Glenn Research Centers Relocation of the Cryogenic Components Laboratory Facility(IG-07-027, September 28, 2007) (Conviction previously reported September 30, 2007, page 21) (Indictment previously reported September 30, 2007, page 21)

PAGE 27

October 1, 2007March 31, 200825 Contractor Charged with Illegal Use of Government Credit Card Food Service Manager Charged with Embezzlement Contractor Pleads Guilty to Theft of Copper Wire Four Guilty of Firearms Violations

PAGE 28

26 The Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2008LEG AL M ATTERS

PAGE 29

October 1, 2007March 31, 200827 The National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2008 IG Support to the Acquisition Integrity Program IG Legal Support to the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Ethics Program Tracking System

PAGE 30

28 Law Enforcement Issues at Various Centers Contractor Compliance Program and Integrity ReportingRE G ULAT O RY REVI E W O THER M ATTERS

PAGE 31

October 1, 2007March 31, 200829 S IG N IFI CANT O UTREACH ACTI V ITI ES

PAGE 32

30 A W ARD S nition of the report, NASAs Plan for Space Shuttle Transition Could Be Improved by Following Project Management Guidelines. OIG Employees Recognized for Group Achievements Assistant U.S. Attorney were recognized for their outstanding accomplishments in the investigation of an aerospace metals company. e investigation and inter-agency teamwork uncovered a complex scheme that could have had a direct impact on the safety of the Space Transportation System, astronauts, and citizens.

PAGE 33

October 1, 2007March 31, 200831 In addition, the PCIE recognized several NASA OIG employees as well as DOD and DOJ employees for their exceptional performance during an investigation of the Boeing Company. e multiagency investigation led to Boeing paying the U.S. Government $615 million to resolve criminal and civil allegations that the company improperly used Lockheed Martin Corporations information to obtain contracts from the Air Force and NASA for launch services worth billions of dollars. NASA received $106.7 million from the settlement, a record recovery for NASA in Government procurement fraud.

PAGE 35

October 1, 2007March 31, 200833 ............ 35 ............................... 36 ..................... 36 ....... 39 .................................. 40 ............................ 42 .................... 42 ........................ 42 .......... 44 .............................. 45 ...................... 48APPENDI CES

PAGE 37

October 1, 2007March 31, 200835 A PPENDI CESA. Inspector General Act Reporting Requirements INSPECT OR GENERAL A CT CITATION 28 7 7 40 43 36 9 Debt Collection

PAGE 38

36 B. Statistical Information Table 1: Audit Products and ImpactREPORT NO./ DATE ISSUED TITLE IMPACT IG-07-013a 02/19/2008 IG-08-009 02/15/2008 19, 2007 IG-08-012 03/10/2008 IG-08-014 03/31/2008 IG-08-001 11/15/2007 IG-08-002 11/26/2007 IG-08-004 12/11/2007 IG-08-005 12/11/2007

PAGE 39

37 October 1, 2007March 31, 2008A PPENDI CES Table 1: Audit Products and ImpactREPORT NO./ DATE ISSUED TITLE IMPACT IG-07-031a 01/14/2008 IG-08-011 02/29/2008 IG-08-013 03/24/2008 IG-08-003 01/30/2008 2009. IG-08-010 02/28/2008 IG-07-030a 12/06/2007 IG-08-006 12/19/2007 IG-08-016 03/31/2008 (continued)

PAGE 40

38 Table 1: Audit Products and ImpactREPORT NO./ DATE ISSUED TITLE IMPACT IG-07-027a 11/30/2007 IG-08-007 02/15/2008 IG-08-008 02/21/2008 IG-08-015 03/31/2008 ML-08-001 10/10/2007 ML-08-002 02/15/2008 24, 2006 ML-08-003 02/27/2008 2006 ML-08-004 03/04/2008 (continued)

PAGE 41

39 October 1, 2007March 31, 2008A PPENDI CES During this reporting period, October 1, 2007, through March 31, 2008, the OA reviewed 13 allegations it received as referrals that were either unsubstantiated or without merit. Table 2: Allegations Unsubstantiated or Without MeritDATE CLOSED ALLEGATION CONCLUSION 10/12/2007 10/12/2007 10/12/2007 10/26/2007 11/15/2007 #51013] 11/29/2007 11/29/2007 12/14/2007 01/03/2008 02/07/2008 02/14/2008 03/13/2008 03/27/2008

PAGE 42

40 REPORT NO./ DATE ISSUED TITLE DATE RESOLVED NUMBER OF RECOMMEND ATIONS LATEST T ARGET CLOSURE DATE OPEN CLOSEDNEW SINCE LAST REPORTING PERIOD IG-07-013 07/24/2007 02/19/2008 1 2 01/29/2010 IG-07-025 08/14/2007 08/14/2007 5 3 01/31/2009 IG-07-022 07/20/2007 07/20/2007 2 2 05/31/2008 IG-07-019 07/18/2007 07/18/2007 6 2 07/31/2008 IG-07-024 08/28/2007 08/28/2007 2 0 05/30/2008 IG-07-014 06/19/2007 06/19/2007 4 4 05/31/2010 IG-07-030 09/28/2007 12/06/2007 3 1 04/25/2008 IG-07-029 09/18/2007 09/07/2007 2 1 08/29/2008

PAGE 43

41 October 1, 2007March 31, 2008A PPENDI CES REPORT NO./ DATE ISSUED TITLE DATE RESOLVED NUMBER OF RECOMMEND ATIONS LATEST T ARGET CLOSURE DATE OPEN CLOSEDREPORTED IN PREVIOUS SEMIANNUAL REPORTS IG-07-005 01/29/2007 05/07/2007 2 1 05/31/2008 IG-07-003 11/21/2006 11/21/2006 3 3 09/30/2009 IG-05-025 09/16/2005 Act 09/16/2005 1 4 09/30/2008 IG-05-016 05/12/2005 05/12/2005 1 3 09/30/2009 IG-06-016 08/29/2006 08/29/2006 2 4 07/31/2008

PAGE 44

42 Table 4: Status of A-1331 Findings and Questioned Costs Related to NASA Awards Table 5: Legal Activities and Reviews Table 6: Investigations Activities a. Complaint Intake Disposition SOURCE OF COMPLAINT ZERO FILES1ADMINISTRATIVEINVESTIGATIONS2MANA GEMENTREFERRALS3PRELIMINARYINVESTIGATIONSTO TAL 24 17 20 8 69 66 10 4 77 157 90 27 24 85 226 b. Full Investigations Opened this Reporting Period 1 30

PAGE 45

43 October 1, 2007March 31, 2008A PPENDI CES c. Cases Pending at End of Reporting Period d. Qui Tam Investigations1 2 11e. Judicial Actions 1 f. Administrative Actions 124 14 7 1 Other 2 16 9 0 7 4 2 4 3 1 1

PAGE 46

44 Defense Contract Audit Agency Audits of NASA Contractorse Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) provides various audit services to NASA on a reimbursable basis. DCAA provided the following information during this period on reports involving NASA contract activities. DCAA Audit Reports Issued During this period, DCAA issued 459 audit reports on contractors who do business with NASA. Corrective actions taken in response to DCAA audit report recommendations usually result from negotiations between the contractors doing business with NASA and the Government contracting ocer with cognizant responsibility (e.g., Defense Contract Management Agency and NASA). e cognizant agency responsible for administering the contract makes the decision to accept or reject the questioned costs or funds put to better use, and negotiates recoveries with the contractor. e following table shows the amounts of questioned costs and funds be put to better use based on reports issued, and those amounts agreed to, during the reporting period. Table 7: DCAA Audit Reports with Questioned Costs and Recommendations that Funds Be Put to Better Use, and Amounts Agreed To During the Reporting Period1, 2 DOLLAR V ALUE OF REPORTS ISSUED DOLLAR V ALUE OF AMOUNTS AGREED TO3

PAGE 47

45 October 1, 2007March 31, 2008A PPENDI CES C. Glossary and AcronymsGlossary Investigative Recoveries. Investigative Referrals. Latest Target Closure Date. Material Weakness. Prosecutive Activities. Questioned Costs for which a Management Decision Has Not Been Made.

PAGE 48

46 Recommendation Resolved. Acronyms AIP ASMM BY CCIG CCL CFO CO DCAA DOD DOJ DORA E&Y ECIE EPTS

PAGE 49

47 October 1, 2007March 31, 2008A PPENDI CES FAR FLETC FOIA FP&L FY GAO GOES-R GPM GSA IEM IG IT MCAD NAOMS NARA NASA NTIA OA OCE OCIO OI OIG OMB OMP ORR PCIE PDM

PAGE 50

48 Suite 8V39 NASA Headquarters Washington, DC 20546-0001 Tel: 202-358-1220Ames Research CenterNASA Oce of Inspector General Mail Stop 204-11 Ames Research Center Moett Field, CA 94035-1000 Tel: 650-604-5665 Goddard Space Flight CenterNASA Oce of Inspector General Mail Stop 190 Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD 20771-0001 Tel: 301-286-0497 Audits 301-286-9316 Investigations Trenton, NJ, Post of Duty Tel: 609-656-2543Jet Propulsion LaboratoryAudits NASA Oce of Inspector General Mail Stop 180-202 Jet Propulsion Laboratory 4800 Oak Grove Drive Pasadena, CA 91109-8099 Tel: 818-354-9743 Investigations NASA Oce of Inspector General Western Field Oce Glenn Anderson Federal Building 501 West Ocean Boulevard Suite 5120 Long Beach, CA 90802-4222 Tel: 562-951-5480Dryden Post of DutyTel: 661-276-3130 John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field NASA Oce of Inspector General Mail Stop 501-9 Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH 44135-3191 Tel: 216-433-5413 Audits 216-433-2364 InvestigationsLyndon B. Johnson Space CenterAudits NASA Oce of Inspector General Mail Stop W-JS Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Houston, TX 77058-3696 Tel: 281-483-0735 Investigations NASA Oce of Inspector General Mail Stop W-JS2 416 South Room 121 Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Houston, TX 77058-3696 Tel: 281-483-8427Langley Research CenterAudits NASA Oce of Inspector General Mail Stop 292 Langley Research Center Hampton, VA 23681-2199 Tel: 757-864-8500 Investigations NASA Oce of Inspector General Oce of Investigations Mail Stop 205 Langley Research Center Hampton, VA 23681-2199 Tel: 757-864-3263 John F. Kennedy Space CenterNASA Oce of Inspector General Mail Stop KSC/OIG John F. Kennedy Space Center Kennedy Space Center, FL 32815-0001 Tel: 321-867-4719 Audits 321-867-4714 InvestigationsGeorge C. Marshall Space Flight CenterNASA Oce of Inspector General Mail Stop M-DI George C. Marshall Space Flight Center Marshall Space Flight Center, AL 35812-0001 Tel: 256-544-9188Stennis Space CenterNASA Oce of Inspector General Building 3101, Room 119 Stennis Space Center, MS 39529 Tel: 228-688-1493 Audits 228-688-2324 InvestigationsWeb Site Address: http://oig.nasa.govCyber Hotline: http://oig.nasa.gov/ hotline.htmlToll-Free Hotline: 1-800-424-9183 or TDD: 1-800-535-8134 D. NASA Field Centers and Facilities AMES DRYDEN FLIGHT RESEARCH CENTER GLENN RESEARCH CENTER GLEN RESEARCH CENTER PLUMBROOK STATION GODDARD INSTITUTE FOR SPACE STUDIES GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER JET PROPULSION LABORATORY JOHNSON SPACE CENTER KENNEDY SPACE CENTER LANGLEY RESEARCH CENTER MARSHALL SPACE FLIGHT CENTER STENNIS SPACE CENTER ALABAMA CALIFORNIA FLORIDA LOUISIANA MARYLAND MISSISSIPPI NEW MEXICO NEW YORK OHIO TEXAS VIRGINIA WEST VIRGINIA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena, CA Dryden Flight Research Center Edwards, CA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX Stennis Space Center SSC, MS Marshall Space Flight Center MSFC, AL Kennedy Space Center KSC, FL Langley Research Center Hampton, VA NASA Headquarters Washington, DC Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH

PAGE 51

The Carina Nebula Star Birth in the Extreme

PAGE 52

Go to: Write