Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Defence Centre of Excellence Newsletter

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Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Defence Centre of Excellence Newsletter
VaÅ¡íčková, Pavlína, 1980-
Skácelová, Pavla, 1979-
Å ír, Miloslav, 1951-
Place of Publication:
Vyskov, Czech Republic
Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic - Military Information and Service Agency (AVIS)
NATO- Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Centre of Excellence
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63 s. : barev. il., mapy ; 21 cm


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Ozbrojené síly -- ÄŒesko ( czenas )
Bezpečnostní politika -- ÄŒesko ( czenas )
Boj proti terorismu -- ÄŒesko ( czenas )
Protichemická ochrana -- ÄŒesko ( czenas )
Ochrana proti jaderným zbraním -- ÄŒesko ( czenas )
Armed forces -- Czech Republic ( czenas )
Security policy -- Czech Republic ( czenas )
Terrorism control -- Czech Republic ( czenas )
Antichemical protection -- Czech Republic ( czenas )
Protection against nuclear weapons -- Czech Republic ( czenas )
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Vyškov (Czech Republic) ( czenas )
Informační publikace. ( czenas )
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[work team Pavlína VaÅ¡íčková, Pavla Skácelová, Miroslav [i.e. Miloslav] Å ír].

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Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Defence Centre of Excellence Newsletter ContentThe CBRN ReachBack Operations Room Outcomes of the Modelling and Simulation Group (MSG-106) SPS Programme Support for the Consequence Management Course JCBRN Defence COE ODE role for TRJE 15 Quality Assurance Accreditation Experience The JCBRN Defence COE participation in the Maritime-Land Weapons of Mass Destructions Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (WMD ISR) Experiment 2014 JCBRN Defence COE supports European Union Military Staff (EUMS) and JCBRN Defence COE Defence Against Terrorism Programme of Work Project CBRN Course Availability 2015 Senior Enlisted Advisor of the JCBRN Defence COE thoughts Personality of the JCBRN Defence COE1/2015


1It is my great pleasure and honour to have an opportunity to introduce COL. Andrzej PACZKOWSKI (POL-AF) Transformation Support Department Director


2 NATOs efforts to counter terrorism include projects to develop and enhance and meet NATOs priorities. At the Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Defence Centre of Excellence (JCBRN Defence COE) in Vykov, Czech Element (RBE) and Reachback Operations Room has been established. November 12, 2014 was a very important day in the history of JCBRN Defence COE as the NATO CBRN Reachback Operations Room was ceremonially opened. Among the distinguished guests were the First Deputy Chief of the General Staff LtGEN Josef BECVAR, a representative of the NATO Weapons of Mass Destruction and Non-Proliferation Centre Mr. Axel ANGELY, the Director of Defence Policy and Strategy Czech Republic Ministry of Defence Mr. Jan JIRES, and Rector of the University of Defence BrigGEN Bohuslav PRIKRYL. Also attending the ceremony were representatives from the JCBRN Defence COE Sponsoring Nations, the NATO International Staff Emerging Security Challenges Division, NATO International Military Staff, as well as representatives from the Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic & Armed Forces of the Czech republic. The RBE demonstrated their capabilities and equipment using a simulated CBRN scenario to highlight various analytical capabilities as well as cooperation with secondary network partners. NATO Deputy Assistant Secretary General, Dr. Jamie SHEA participated via video teleconference to observe the demonstration and to provide congratulatory comments. Following the demonstrations, Mr. Axel ANGELY, LtGEN Josef BECVAR and COL Jiri GAJDOS ceremony. The requirement for NATO to have access to its own dedicated CBRN Reachback a restructuring of the organization of the JCBRN Defence COE in September 2013 to meet the CBRN Reachback capability requirements, the RBE declared Initial Operational Capability in January 2014 with the expectation to meet Full Operational Capabilities by 1 January 2015. Utilizing funding from the Defence Against Terrorism Programme of Work (DAT POW), explained in greater detail in a separate article of this newletter, the CBRN Reachback capabilities took shape. Another critical milestone was the development of the NATO CBRN Reachback Element Concept of Operations (NATO CBRN RBE CONOPS). Operating from the Reachback Operations Room, the RBE will provide commanders, their staffs and deployed forces with timely, coordinated and authoritative advice on chemical, bilogical, radiological and nuclear issues, drawing upon remote expert sources of information, whenever and whenever required. Following the procurement and installation of the necessary equipment to perform CBRN Reachback function, it was also necessary to recruit and train RBE accomplished pertaining to all aspects of training including the use and maintenance of the communications equipment and analytical software tools, as well as the development of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and Standard Operating Instructions (SOI). These and allow for the rapid integration of new ideas to ensure continual improvement. In collaboration with the secondary network partners, on a monthly basis the RBE conducts CBRN scenario-driven exercises SOIs. In preparation to achieve FOC, the RBE participated in Exercice Trident Juncture 2014, NATO Crisis Management Exercise 2015, Exercise Trident Jjaguar 2015 and will complete the NATO Exercise Trident Juncture 2015. was a small step in the larger process of achieving FOC to meet the requirements of the Alliance. The complexity and uncertaintly of the worlds situation and the CBRN RBE capability is prepared to meet those demands. Author: LTC Libor Svec (CZE A) The CBRN Reachback Operations Room


3 Historical background NATO and nations have to be prepared for challenges in new changing world and new task must be taken into consideration in training and exercises as well: current and future operations are multinational, the tasks are becoming more complex and need detailed preparation and rapid adaptation to changing circumstances in theatre, while at the same time opportunities for (live) training are reduced due to available resources and limited time span between political decision making and deployment. Headquarter of Supreme Allied Command for Transformation initiated the NATO Education and Training Network (NETN) project (later known as Snow Leopard program) in 2007, to establish a persistent, joint NETN capability at the strategic, operational, and tactical levels with the use of national capabilities. Due to the was decided later on to utilize existing NATO and national M&S capabilities and create not only technical solution for federation different M&S software tools but prepare complex solution covering all education, training and exercise demands. Previous working group MSG068 developed initial technical solutions to enable distributed training and exercises. showed the technical feasibility of a network of distributed simulations and the initial technical capability was handed over to the MSG-106 for the maintenance of the architecture, standards and providing improvements. MSG-106 Structure and Tasks MSG-106 (Enhanced CAX architecture, design and methodology) worked in three separate subgroups Operational (OPS), Governance (GOV) and Technical (TEK). Work outcomes of each subgroup are described in Allied Modelling and Simulation Publications (AMSP), principles of Computer Assisted Exercises (CAX) in planning phase, preparation and also during CAX execution and will help customers in preparation this kind of training issue. Moreover characterize relationships and procedures among users, customers and technical supporter, describe the need and preconditions for successful execution of CAX.Outcomes of the Modelling and Simulation Group (MSG-106)During time all groups were closely OPS: The AMSP-05 CAX Handbook which is main deliverables of OPS complements the Collective Training and Exercise directives document (Bi-SC 753) which focuses on collective training and exercises. Provide guidelines for EXCON and SIMCON (exercise control and simulation control) in performing CAX. TEK: The AMSP-04 Federation Architecture and Federation of Object Modules (FOM) Design (FAFD) which architecture and data models. Update the NMSG-068 reference federation architecture and FOM design document to improve and extend it based on tested technical solutions. GOV: The AMSP-03 M&S standard Computer Assisted eXercises with Distributed Simulation. Support the NMSG-106 products for recommendations for the governance and maintenance of products, standardization, dissemination, quality assurance, risk management and coordination and collaboration with external bodies. Joint CBRN Defence COE Contribution The JCBRN Defence COE was involved in the work of MSG-106 form early beginning in TEK subgroup. The cornerstone of the work was done in development of CBRN Federation Object Model (FOM) based on experience coming from Battle Command and CBR Sim Suite softwares implementation and their interoperability development. Great achievement in this scope has been done afterwards in cooperation between the JCBRN Defence COE and the NATO M&S COE. To support this Arrangement was signed by both COEs Director in Vyskov on 10 April 2014. Both COEs together are now able to run scenario enhanced by the CBR modeling. This capability was even improved with the use of Virtual Private Network (VPN) technology enabling to run the scenario from their home locations (Vyskov, CZE and Rome, ITA). Initial working CRBN FOM tiger team grows in task group subgroups and in that time the COE started contributing also into the OPS subgroup. The need for testing of newly developed standards is obvious. For product demonstration, it was required to Shipwreck Coast was proposed and chosen at the MSG-106 plenary session as a good start point. The essential part of its enabling MSG-106s experimentation and demonstration phases was developed by the JCBRN Defence COE. The main JCBRN Defence COE area of responsibility focused on operational issues such as a preparation of real and realistic CBRN inputs into the existing country-books, the creation of complete datasets of nuclear power plants and TIC/ TIM sites (including chemicals/materials and storage capacities) in areas of potential CAX execution, the preparation of feasible CBRN scenario and of geographical information. All those inputs were delivered also in Google Earth (KML) borders. The set-up of force structure was another portion of M&S Section workload. All of these contributions speeded up the process of terrain generation, which is preparation phase of the demonstration. These CBRN scenarios provided reliable demonstration of live federation of different M&S tools working together from different parts of world connected via Internet (Virtual Private Network VPN). Deliverables and Demonstration received by the NATO M&S community which recommends all three documents OCE Software applications Reference architectures Federation design Training objectives Support organization CAX Operational scenario Conceptual scenario Executable scenario Technical equipments Vignettes or tasks Exercise data Country books Information products Missions and operations Training audiences Services Control cells Training centres USE SUP CUS Picture 1: MSG -106 operational Concept


4become an Allied Modelling and Simulation Publication (AMSP). MSG-106 more closely linking reference architecture and relevant standards to the NATO operational support requirements. The three documents AMSP-03, AMSP-04 and AMSP-05 should be considered in close relationship. A demonstration during I/ITSEC 2014 (Orlando, USA) in December 2014 elicited strong interest from M&S subject matter experts of numerous nations. You can read more about the demonstration itself here: page.asp?ID=2862. The MSG-106 recommended some additional technical development and noted the lack of an established long term process for the maintenance. The continuance of the work and members are now split in two followon M&S groups. MSG-134 (Development of a High Level Architecture Integration, and MSG-136 (Modelling and Simulation as a Service).Authors: LTC Petr NEUER (CZE A) MAJ Lubomir CHYLIK (CZE AF) Picture 2: Main CBRN incident scenario Picture 3: Connection during Demonstration The Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme as a part of Civilian structure of NATO Organization is a policy tool that enhances cooperation and dialogue with innovation, and knowledge exchange. The SPS Programme promotes civil, securityrelated practical cooperation, and focuses on a growing range of contemporary security challenges, including terrorism, defence against chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) agents, cyber defence, energy security and environmental concerns, as well as human and social aspects of security. The SPS Programme supports collaboration through three established grand mechanisms: multi-year research projects, workshops and Advanced Training Courses (ATC). In 2014, the Joint CBRN Defence Centre of Excellence (JCBRN Def COE) applied and consequently was awarded funding for an ACT on Consequence management after a Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Incident presented in partnership with the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Moldova. The course took place at Allvet Hotel, Vykov, from 10th to 14th November 2014. Financial resources provided by SPS Programme have to be spent in accordance with strict NATO ATC Condition of Award. It is intended to cover organization of the ATC, travel and living expenses of the ATC speakers and of Trainees from Partner countries. The grant is not eligible to fund participation from NATO countries as well as for trainees employed by industrial or commercial companies. Payment of the award is made in two instalments before, and one after the ATC, after all conditions for the instalment have been accomplished and required documents have been delivered to SPS Programme Management. The whole expenditure procedure is crowned by a Financial Report that has to be compiled within 120 days of the end of the ATC. NATO retains the right to carry out detailed audit on the ATC for three years after the The proof the grant was used in accordance with the SPS Programme policy and provided a valuable training opportunity was evident through the student evaluations of the course organization, course content, and effectiveness of the guest speakers which highlighted the course as very useful with great value for their current job and their career development.Author: MAJ Petr VALENTA (CZE-A)SPS Programme Support for the Consequence Management Course


5At the 2012 Chicago Summit, Allied leaders set the goal of NATO Forces 2020. This is designed to be a coherent set of deployable, interoperable and sustainable forces equipped, trained, exercised and commanded so as to be able to meet NATOs level of ambition and able to operate together and with partners in any environment. The Connected Forces Initiative (CFI) is essential to ensure that the Alliance remains well prepared to undertake the full range of its missions, as well as to address future challenges wherever they may arise. The implementation of CFI is one of the key means to deliver NATO Forces 2020. CFI is the Alliances post International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) high visibility exercise Trident Juncture 2015 (TRJE15) that will showcase NATO on the world stage. The Exercise is planned from 28 September to 06 November in multiple locations across the Alliance including Italy, Portugal and Spain. Over 25,000 troops are expected to participate. The purpose of TRJE15 is to train and test the NATO Response Force, a high readiness and technologically advanced force comprising of land, air, maritime and special forces units capable of being deployed quickly on operations wherever needed. TRJE 15 Part 1 is serving as the Response Force 2016 (NRF 16) and the Full Operational Capability (FOC) event for Joint Force Command Brunssum (JFCBS). TRJE 15 Part 2 will focus on tactical level training for allocated forces in a LIVEX setting and may also serve as the 16, if required. The exercise represents only the exercise itself, but the lead-in activities present an excellent opportunity to maximize training value for a wide range of participants involved in planning and execution beyond the scope of NRF 2016 One of the TRJE15 exercise objectives is to train and exercise JFCBS and its subordinate NRF Component Commands to command and control a multinational deployed joint force in planning and executing a Non-Article 5 Crisis Response Operation, within a complex military, civilian, and asymmetrical environment including Cyber, Ballistic Missile, CBRN, and Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) threats. To face CBRN and Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) threats the Combined Joint CBRN Defence Task Force (CJCBRN D-TF) is going to be deployed in full strength. The CBRN-Joint Assessment Team (CBRN-JAT) will participate as a strategic asset in the Joint Task Force Headquarters and CBRN Battalion will deploy as a joint operational asset collocated with the Land Component Command during both Parts of the exercise. The JCBRN Defence COE exceeds its role during the TRJE15 Exercise. JCBRN Defence COE usually supported SHAPE J7 Evaluation branch and JWC Training and Scenario Development Teams providing CBRN Subject Matter Experts (SME). This year the situation will be different. Conducting the Scheduling the Exercise (OSE), whether it is possible to identify for this time a separate entity which will take care of for certain special areas like CBRN, CIMIC or PsyOps. The reason for that is simple; this exercise exceeds every threshold with regards to participating forces for many years. The JCBRN Defence COE accepted request from ACT and become for CBRN area. This decision comes with a number of responsibilities. The JCBRN Defence COE as ODE supports the OCE for the detailed planning and overall execution of the exercise by creating the conditions which allow the achievement of the exercise aim and objectives. The JCBRN Defence COE role as CBRN ODE for TRJE15 already started in 2014 by active participation at the planning conferences. At the beginning of 2015 Training, Exercise and Education Department (TEED) supported TRJE15 Academics, the main study seminar, where CBRN vignette was discussed in the broad commanders community. January also became the month than TRJE15 exercise control (EXCON) started to assemble. As a part of the EXCON, JCBRN Defence COE takes a directing/coordinating role to develop, in close coordination with the ODEs (LANDCOM, AIRCOM, MARCOM, NSHQ (for Special Ops), complex scenario play and training program for participating CBRN forces. This demanding task would be conducted mainly during MEL/MIL Development WS in April and MEL/MIL Scripting at June at Joint Warfare Center (JWC) Stavanger. TRJE15 will be unique for many reasons, one of them is the fact that opposing force would be played by another NATO HQ Naval Striking and Support Forces NATO (STRIKFORNATO). Because of ODE role, JCBRN Defence COE is going to send CBRN SME to this element as well. Our ODE responsibilities are expected to culminate during TRJE15 execution phase. TEED will be supporting SHAPE evaluation activities and JWC training teams, coordinating CBRN response cells and providing expertise in support of the opposing force. Accepting the ODE role by JCBRN Defence COE is highly appreciated by JFCBS as the OCE for this exercise and hopefully it participating on that exercise. Authors: MAJ Kurej (CZE), MAJ Rybk (CZE)JCBRN Defence COE ODE role for TRJE 15


6November 2014. The aim was to determine if COE met the established standards and criteria in education and training. During the visit designated COE members discussed with the QA TOE various topics relating to QA. Among them were: review of internal QA policy and directives; conducting, monitoring, reviewing and improving of curriculum; of student assessment, learning resources and student support processes and procedures; monitoring and reviewing of staff orientation and staff development, internal and external communication and information and management systems and public information. 3. Analysis and preparation of the evaluation report. The QA TOE took its time in November COE visit. We had to provide additional documents, adjust some procedures and clarify / answer questions. Again, it was additional burden during the very busy time period. 4. Presentation of the results. In December the COE received a surprisingly nice Christmas gift NATOs highest grade in its assessment by the ACT QA TOE. The COE met or exceeded the minimum criteria in all assessment areas and received Unconditional Quality Assurance Accreditation. The JCBRN Defence COE was found to have assurance of quality; at each level to ensure the quality of education and training; reviewing the curriculum and implementing required changes, developments and enhancements; reliable information about its curriculum. We are very proud of this achievement. It is a result of hard work during the last 12 months not only by TEED (Training, Exercises and Education Department) but by the entire COE team as well. It is a result that shows us we were heading in the right direction in the last years, during our course development phase. Now we are willing to continue, improve and enhance our individual training and education process until end of 2020, when the COE will have to renew the QA Accreditation.Author: CPT Gorazd STERGAR (SVN-A)Allied Command Transformation (ACT) Joint Force Trainer, Vice Admiral Javier GONZALES-HUIX, ESP-N, announced on 4 December 2014 that the Joint CBRN Defence COE received an Unconditional Quality Assurance (QA) Accreditation for the period 08 December 2014 08 December 2020. This is what we proudly announced on our web page at the end of 2014. But the way to this achievement was neither short nor easy. Lets have a look at the details Referring to Bi-SC 75-7 Education and Individual Training Directive the purpose of QA is to establish processes and procedures ensuring the highest possible degree of quality for NATOs Education and Training (E&T) while at the same time institutions involved, to the programmes and modules/courses. It furthermore provides the basis for the coordination between E&T stakeholders and for continuous improvement of transparent E&T quality. The objective of QA is to implement quality improvements of the education and training content in order to satisfy the needs of the Operational Commanders or other customers, to bolster partners and to support nations in their national approach to lifelong learning. To achieve this, certain principles must be established regarding the different education and training stakeholders and events: meeting NATO E&T requirements. processes and procedures. learners/participants. practices. The COE requested QA Evaluation in October 2013. The process sped during the summer 2014. In July we received the ACT Joint Force Trainers announcement for a QA Accreditation Process with the following steps: 1. QA preliminary survey process, 2. On-site Evaluation, 3. Analysis and preparation of the Evaluation Report 1. QA preliminary survey process. The COE already started in 2013 the systematic work on meeting the International QA Minimum Criteria as part of preparation for QA Accreditation. This affected variety of areas, procedures, steps, daily routine etc. in the whole COE but mainly in Training, Exercises and Education Department (TEED). To name just a few items: Quality Policy and Strategy, Curriculum Design, Instructional Evaluation, Evaluation of students and speakers, Evaluation of earning resources, Communication. In simple words this meant we had to focus on planning, preparation, execution and evaluation of the training and education process by answering what, who, where, when, why and then adjusting it to the required minimum criteria. It was quite a challenge for a small TEED team! In order to prepare for the On-site evaluation a QA Preliminary Survey Report was compiled and sent to ACT in September 2014. 2. On-site evaluation. A 5-member QA Team of Experts (TOE) visited the JCBRND COE on 3 and 4 Quality Assurance Accreditation Experience Scheme 1: Procedure for QA System Accreditaion (Annex I, Bi-SC 75-7 Education and Individual Training Directive)


7Maritime Interdiction Operational Training Centre (NMIOTC) regarding the use of helmet-mounted video cameras streaming real-time video off-board during routine boarding missions. The JCBRND COE participation objectives were to train the JCBRND COE Reachback Section (RBS) and at the site help the OPEX team to collect the observations related to the Sensitive Site Exploitation (SSE) activities in order to support the development of the WMD Disablement Functional Concept and Discovery Experiment, which will be the one of the key topic of the Capability Development in the CBRN Defense for 2020. The RBS participation in the part A was provided called in operation mode (24/7), support (mainly spectra analysis) and sent back responses during the Experiment. During the part B the RBS operated in response during the working hours. The MNESS tasks fell into two parts during the Experiment, operating a Control Team in the JCBRND COE to support the lessons learned process and the coordination within the JCBRND COE and on the site support the ACT team to collect the necessary observations to develop the WMD Disablement Functional Concept and Discovery Experiment. The WMD ISR Experiment was a good opportunity for the new MNESS to learn more about the NATO experiment process and to start the cooperation with the OPEX team. The MNESS as a new capability of the JCBRND COE will play an important role in the future to support NATO military defense.Authors: LTC Ferenc Menyhrt (HUN-A) Mr. Jiri Pail (CZE) The duty of the man who investigates the writings of scientists, if learning the truth is his goal, is to make himself an enemy of all that he reads, and,.. attack it from every side. He should also suspect himself as he performs his critical examination of it, so that he may avoid falling into either prejudice or leniency.Alhazen The WMD ISR Experiment is the continuation of the Tactical Network Testbed Maritime Interdiction Operation (TNT MIO) experimentation (20072013) and had three parts (A, B and C) in 2014. The JCBRND COE participated in the part activity of the brand new Multinational Experimental Support Section (MNESS), which is part of the Transformation Support Department, and its role to support the NATO Capability Development process through Concept Development and Experimentation (CD&E). The objective of the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) MaritimeLand WMD ISR Experiment 2014 was to experimentally evaluate feasibility/ constraints for Maritime-Land WMD ISR Networking and Collaboration. Experiment Part A was to run in concert with Polish National Special Operations Forces (POLSOF) exercise in Gdansk (Poland). The scenario included a mobile terrorist cell in possession of radio-nuclear (Rad/ Nuc) material. The Discovery Experiment aim was designed to identify detection, tracking and post-engagement technical exploitation processes and requirements. Two experimental teams were observing/ notionally participating in the POLSOF exercise. A team from the NPS (augmented by Norwegian SOF personnel) and the ACT Operational Experimentation Branch team (OPEX team). NPS Experiment was focused on the Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) information support requirements, and the OPEX team did acquire insight into technical exploitation processes and top-level requirements by conducting interviews with NPS experts. Part B of the Experiment (Souda BayGreece) was not linked to any national exercise, but the experimental teams carried out the same observing/notionally activities as during part A. The participants had the opportunity to observe the Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation (CMRE) at the NATO The JCBRND Defence COE participation in the Maritime-Land Weapons of Mass Destructions Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (WMD ISR) Experiment 2014 Fig 1: Sensitive Site Exploitation forensic manner activity during the part A. Fig 2: Detection of the Rad/Nuc source during the part A Fig 3: The Middle remote-controlled robot with R/N detector during the part B. Fig 4: Detect Rad/Nuc materials being illegally transported in container and transmit data via robot into mesh network (part B).


8(.) Anticipate how our military forces could be employed in this uncertain future is the aim of the Framework for Future Alliance Operations that we are currently developing with your staffs. It is an ambitious endeavour, but indispensable to share the conclusions of your national studies so that we capabilities that we will need together tomorrow. It is all the more important as we are about to start a new cycle of NDPP in 2015, for which our military advice should be clearly stated. (.) Im convinced that we need this shared framework to develop a relevant Defence Planning Process. It must place a premium on being agile enough to adapt, fostering innovation in operational planning and maintaining a clear margin of error in both sizing and structuring the force. (.) Gnral darme arienne JeanPaul Palomros Supreme Allied Commander Transformation keynote speech MC Conference Vilnius, Lithuania 20 September 2014 Maintaining future military readiness in a complex and constantly evolving security environment demands a long term planning with its horizon beyond 2030 focus. It requires anticipation of a different future and a shared perspective of the future security environment, its military implications and the resulting broad strategic operating requirements. There is a need for NATO to assess the future security environment and identify future requirements. To meet this objective and support the NATO Long-Term Military Transformation, the Allied Command Transformation (ACT) has been running a collaborative effort, the Futures Work Project (Project) since October 2012 (Figure 1). This Project is consisting of two parts; the Strategic Foresight Analysis (SFA) and the Framework for Future Alliance Operations (FFAO) and is a part of the Supreme Allied Commander Transformations (SACT) process for anticipating and preparing for the ambiguous, complex and rapidlychanging future security environment. The results, recommendations activities, SFA and FFAO, will inform NATO Defence Planning Process (NDPP) and other programs and policy work. Futures Work, the SFA Report was introduced in October 2013. The SFA Report collects trends, drivers and brief descriptions of Defence and Security Implications that could promote the NATOs interest. The goal was to develop a view of the future, not a prediction, but a sharing of perspectives to build a common understanding among the member nations of what the future potentially may look like and what this could mean to the Alliance out to 2030 and beyond (Figure 2). The SFA is important not only for the second part of the Futures Work, the Framework for Future Alliance Operations, but for all aspects of NATOs efforts. Those are ranging from individual Nation defence planning, via various NATO Headquarters programs, to other NATO efforts like the Connected Forces Initiative and Smart Defence, where NATO cannot collaborate effectively if does not share a common perspective of the future and how the Alliance should be expected to operate. On the other words the SFA creates a collective departure point and shared reference for discussing future challenges and opportunities and serves as a foundation for the FFAO. The SFA effort has not ceased with the release of the 2013 report. SFA is a living process that will be updated regularly in order to provide NATO, National leaders and defence planners with a perspective of the challenges facing the Alliance in the coming decades. It is assumed that both the SFA and FFAO will be produced in 4 year cycles that match up with the NDPPs 4 year term. The second strand of the Futures Work Project, the development of FFAO started in 2013 and will be implemented in three phases (Figure 3). To maximize transparency and collaboration, Phases 1 and 2 were opened to Nations, Partners, Think Tanks, Industry, and Academia. To ensure that NDPP remains exclusively NATO business, Phase 3 is NATO only and therefore it will be executed by ACT and Allied Command Operations (ACO) in close coordination and collaboration with International Staff (IS), International Military Staff (IMS), COEs and Nations (Community of Interest). The SACT guidance on the FFAO development ensures three phases development process of high-quality products signed by both Strategic Commanders (Bi-SC) and endorsed by the Military Committee (MC). Further elaborating on the SACTs statement on the second strand (see the foreword), the FFAO will assess the impact of the trends, defence and security implications expressed in the SFA through an investigation across the Alliance Core Tasks, the Capability Hierarchy Framework (CHF) and cross-domain functions. FFAO, in support of the current Strategic Concept, will develop the future trends to identify Strategic Military Perspectives (SMP) and Military Implications (MIs). From the practical point of view the FFAO aims to support NDPP Step 2 Minimum Capabilities Requirement by identifying the MIs and supporting NDPP Step 5 Capability Review. Centre of Excellence (JCBRN Def COE) involvement in the Futures Work Project are dated to the year 2012, when the former deputy director COL Janosz ZELENAK (HUN) contributed to the drafting of the SFA Report 2013. Based on the positive feedback from the ACT, in February 2013 a small team of the JCBRN Def COE experts was formed. Following an invitation to take part in the FFAO development efforts, Col Rainer SCHULTE (DEU) and Ltc Ale actively in the series of FFAO workshops and videoconferences. This team, in case of necessity occasionally reinforced with other JCBRN Def COE subject matter experts, contributed to previous phases of the FFAO Project, the Strategic Military Perspectives1 JCBRN Defence COE supports ACTs Futures Work. Copyright ACT Future Work Team FIGURE 1 Copyright ACT Future Work Team FIGURE 2


9of Instability Situations2 (example Figure 4), especially in the area of possible WMD/E use and also information management. While SMPs represent high-level, broad guidance, the next step of the Framework for Future Alliance Operations, Military Implications3 will contain concrete, change in how the military prepares for and executes operations. The JCBRN Def COE team had proposed number of drafts of Military Implications, which were then discussed during the latest FFAO workshop held in Brussels, Belgium, 1213 November 2014. Many of them were analysed and positively received. They will be taken into account and will serve as a valuable inputs and data in the ongoing Military Implication drafting process. The JCBRN Def COE stands ready a express its dedication of the JCBRN Def COE Subject Matter Experts to further participate in and contribute to the next steps of the Futures Work Project, such as SFA or FFAO updates which will be conducted periodically every four years. 1Strategic Military Perspectives (SMPs): Bi-SC military guiding principles that inform long-term NATO defence planning and other processes, such as concept development, education, training and exercises. Strategic Military Perspectives provide guidance from the Strategic Commanders on the abilities and characteristics that NATO could build upon and can inform the Alliances transformation efforts.2Instability Situations: generic descriptions of future military involvement.3 derived from the SFA, IS and SMPs, that may drive change in how the military prepares for and executes operations to accomplish NATOs core tasks. Non-State ActorsOpportunets: Computer networks and the near total interconnectedness provides greater awareness of impending attack+ more capable C2 via networks More Technological Pro...teration More Globalization Greater Access Chalenges: actors with greater access to WMOVE and ability to rapidly transmit the weapon components anywhereNew in 2030 Where How Why Who Weapons of Mass Destruction / EffectFar Faster Contagion Overcrowded urban aress Communication Nodes Regions of established low political tension Increasing diversity in types of WMOVE Control the narrative WMOVE Threaten of actualty conduct an attack After the power balance Empower weak actors Achieve a strategic shock Emergent powers Extremists /separatists Separatist groups and liberation movements Ideologicallydriven groups State and statesponsored groups Superempowered individuals Single issus political groups Undermine democratic systems Challenge goverment rule Three FFAO PhasesMain Actions Phase 1 Trend Analysis Core Task Analysis of Instability Situations Domain Analysis of Strategic Military Perspectives MI Workshop (12-13 Nov 14) MC Engagement (Summer 2015) Military Implictions Align with the development of Political Guidance Bi-SC Approval Bi-SC Approval MC Approval MC Engagement SMP Workshop (11-12 jun 14) Instability Situation Workshop (9-10 Apr 14) Instability Situations Outcomes Supporting Activity National Review (4-22 Aug) Strategic Military Perspectives Rewiew Period Bi-SC Approval Phase 2Phase 3 Copyright ACT Future Work Team FIGURE 3 Copyright ACT Future Work Team FIGURE 4


JCBRN Defence COE / Defence Against Terrorism Programme of Work ProjectNATOs Defence Against Terrorism Programme of Work (DAT PoW) was endorsed at the Istanbul Summit in 2005, in order to bridge the gap between longerterm military and urgent operational requirements needed to better defend against terrorism or terrorist methods. Its initial technological focus was broadened to encompass doctrine, trainings, exercises, trials, etc. and offer a more comprehensive support to capability development. the Alliance, the programme addresses NATO critical shortfalls, emerging from the theatres of operation, but also focuses on maintaining troop readiness and deployability, mirroring the Alliances current transition. In June 2013 the JCBRN Defence Centre of Excellence (COE) submitted a proposal and was approved to receive funding from the DAT PoW in order to develop and implement what was at that time referred to as the NATO Reachback and Fusion Element Implementation Project. This project was designed to create and establish a CBRN Reachback capability within the JCBRN Defence COE, in order to provide CBRN reachback support to the entire Alliance as well as the Sponsoring Nations of the COE. This project met a critical priority area for the Alliance, in allowing connectivity between the front line and a network of experts, of great relevance for the current security environment. It is also an excellent illustration of how expertise within a COE can be used to the Focusing on the priorities of establishing a secure, collaborative and functional work space within the JCBRN Defence major portions utilizing funding from the DAT PoW, as well as funding from the COE multi-national budget and the Czech Republic as the Host Nation: Audio Visual Systems The main focus areas of the project were on the audio visual systems, automation systems, and infrastructure enhance interoperability and establish a collaborative environment. The audio visual system not only allows all members of the CBRN Reachback section to internally collaborate and share information, they also have the ability to securely connect with external agencies in the same manner. The automation improvements upgraded Intelligence Collection and Exploitation our collaboration with NATO intelligence organizations. All of these systems were integrated into the overall JCBRN Defence COE infrastructure to ensure collaboration with other COE departments and sections such as the Modelling and Simulation section. We are very grateful to the assistance and guidance provided by the superb team was invaluable as we progressed through with this project. The end result is a state of the art operations room providing the necessary tools and collaborative environments to enable the JCBRN Defence COE and the CBRN Reachback Section to provide the best CBRN advice to NATO and our Sponsoring Nations. We recently completed an opening ceremony of the Reachback Operations room on 12 November 2014. The JCBRN Defence COE is one of only a few COEs providing operational support to NATO and all aspects of this project were coordinated with Headquarters, Allied Command Transformation (HQ ACT) in order to preserve the accreditation of the JCBRN Defence COE in accordance with the Military Committee Concept for Centres of Excellence. In order to ensure we maintain our accreditation, to the requirements of Headquarters, Allied Command Operations (HQ ACO), the JCBRN Defence COE is developing a Technical Arrangement between our Sponsoring Nations, HQ ACT and HQ ACo. The NATO CBRN Reachback Element Concept of Operations is also in the process of being staffed within the International Military Staff. The CBRN Reachback capability within the JCBRN Defence COE expects to reach Full Operational Capability by the end of 2015. Author: COL D. David Deadrich (USA-A)10European Union Military Staff and JCBRN Defence COE intent to establish mutual cooperation On 22 April 2015 Chairman of the Steering Committee/JCBRN Defence COE Director Union Military Staff (EUMS) Concept and Capabilities (CONCAP) Director Brigadier General Hainz Krieb will sign the Letter of Intent between the Director Genaral of the EUMS and the Chairman of the Steering Committee/JCBRN Defence COE Director. The signing of the Letter of Intent (LOI) cooperation between these organizations. The basic purpose of the LOI is to express joint and mutual interest to initiate the grounds for potential cooperation. The LOI among others identify nonexclusive areas of mutual interest where from sharing the experience and expertise as well as from the reciprocal interaction. The spheres of cooperation outlined by the LOI are but not limited to the conceptual development, training and education opportunities and facilities exchange agreement and support to EU-led military engagements. As already mentioned the LOI opens door for deeper mutual cooperation between the EUMS and the JCBRN Defence COE. Nevertheless, it has to be highlighted that such cooperation should be based exclusively on a separate and independent cooperative or implementation agreement(s) which will establish a solid cooperation.Author: Mr. Zdenek HYBL (CZE)European Union Military Staff and JCBRN Defence COE intent to establish mutual cooperation


Introduction to the CBRN Training Curriculum Analysis Super User should be able to attend this course and every year to be updated on the latest version and the current CAX training programs.I RAPTER Basic, International Radiological Assistance Program Training for Emergency ResponseThis course is designed for emergency response personnel with minimal training in radiological emergency response or experienced professionals seeking refreshed training.I MED, International Medical Management of Radiation Injuries The course is intended for management, doctors, nurses, nurse practitioners, physician assistants and emergency medical teams who may be called upon to provide emergency medical care following a radiological or nuclear incident. Response personnel such of professional medical care, radiation protection and health physics.CBRN Units Evaluators Nations. A sound knowledge of the NATO CREVAL is requested.Live Agent Training / Pilot environment containing chemical agents, toxic industrial chemicals, and radiological or nuclear materials. Through the training, students will gain practical experience in the use of personal protective equipment, will understand and be able to apply safe work practices and will have an appreciation of the equipment and methods for detection and decontamination. The course will help develop security standards matching international requirements and improve interoperability and effectiveness experts will provide trainees with practical knowledge on chemical warfare agents, their detection as well as their protection and decontamination. Students are supposed to have a common level of knowledge to work safely and effectively in a toxic environment.International Radiological Consequence ManagementThrough discussion and practical hands-on applications, students will gain knowledge and experience with prioritizing response need, monitoring and sampling strategies and data assessment methodology to assist in determining.W&R Specialists (for NATO/PfP Nations)I RAPTER AdvanceThis course is designed for emergency response personnel that have taken the basic I-RAPTER course or have an intermediate to advanced level of experience in radiological emergency response.CBRN Courses Availability 2015 Date Days Course Name Seats Security level 20 24 Apr 5 Introduction to the CBRN Training Curriculum 18 NU 14 15 May 2 Analysis Super User 12 NU 25 28 May 4 I RAPTER Basic 30 NU 25 28 May 4 I MED 40 NU 7 11 Sep 5 CBRN Units Evaluators 18 NR 21 25 Sep 5 Live Agent Training / Pilot 18 NU 5 8 Oct 4 International Radiological Consequence Management 18 NU 19 23 Oct 5 W&R Specialists 18 NU/NATO, PfP 2 5 Nov 4 I RAPTER Advance 30 NU 23 27 Nov 5 Crisis Management after CBRN Incident 40 NU11


Crisis Management after CBRN IncidentThrough discussion and practical hands-on applications, students will gain knowledge and experience of Crisis management after CBRN attack in relation to current national and international security concerns. Course is developed for key elements of consequence management authorities, public information, specialist teams such as counter terrorist units or investigation.For detailed courses information visit and learn How to Enrol into a Course 12


Senior Enlisted Advisor of the JCBRN Defence COE thoughtsThe role of the Senior Enlisted Advisor was COE in October 2013. The primary role of the Senior Enlisted Advisor is to advise the COE Director on all aspects and issues involving members of the NCO Corps within the COE. The Senior Enlisted Advisor is also a valuable asset to the JCBRN Department Directors, Senior National Representatives, and JCBRN Defence COE managers, to assist and resolve NCO-related issues as well as provide advice and guidance regarding training opportunities to increase NCO professionalism and expertise. As of the Czech Republic members, the Senior Enlisted Advisor also performs management duties pertaining to the NCOs of the Czech Republic in terms of expertise, moral and physical readiness and competences. He is to supervise command, professional and methodical training of the NCO Corps to their development, preparedness, organization, 13 discipline, moral status, appearance and military manner, promotions and rewards at the COE. (CWO) Ivan HLADK. CWO HLADK graduated from the United States Sergeant Major Academy in Fort Bliss, TX, USA in 2013 and in October of the same year he assumed the position as a Senior Enlisted Advisor (Commanding Sergeant Major). He has been deployed to foreign military combat operations three times, served a tour with NATO Supreme Headquarters Allied Power in Europe (SHAPE) in Belgium, served in a wide variety of NCO leadership positions and was selected necessary to his duty performance and his professional career sequence. Author: CWO Ivan Hladk (CZE)


14Personality of the JCBRN Defence COEEach year, two members of the JCBRN Defence COE are selected as the Personality of the Year. All JCBRN Defence COE members are eligible to be named as the Personality of the Year. One person will be elected and chosen by the entire JCBRN Defence COE members and the second person will be chosen by the JCBRN Defence COE Director. Both personalities of the year are awarded a special gift. COL D. David DEADRICH, Chief of Staff, Directorate, was selected by the JCBRN Defence COE members as the Personality of the Year for his support and performance in support of the mission of the JCBRN Defence COE. WO1 Radek MOZNY, Quartermaster, Support Department, was selected by the JCBRN Defence COE Director as the Personality of the Year for his outstanding duty performance and dedication to the JCBRN Defence COE. since 1st of October 2012. He has been deployed in foreign military combat operations four times. His duty performance utilized his previous military experience, and he performed all missions in an oustanding fashion in support of the JCBRN Defence COE. He is an Invisible to support all JCBRN Defence COE members with their day to day necessities. COL D. David DEADRICH has been assigned as the Chief of Staff of the JCBRN Defence COE since September 2013. He has been deployed in foreign military combat operations two times. His duty actions and performance of all missions provided outstanding support to all missions and activities of the JCBRN Defence COE.


design/print: www.absreklama.czThis email address is ready for your comments or questions! JCBRN Defence COE Newsletter Team JCBRN Defence COE Vta Nejedlho Vykov 682 03 Czech Republic Assistant phone: +420 973 452 805 Fax: +420 973 452 800 Mobil: +420 777 702 858 IVSN: 925 4200 452 805 E-mail: Editorial Committee: COL D. David DEADRICH, CPT Eva VITASKOVA Photos: COE Archive, 31st CBRN Brigade Liberec Archive, Web: 2015 Joint Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Defence Centre of Excellence (JCBRN Defence COE); www.jcbrncoe.czAll rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the prior written permi ssion of the JCBRN Defence COE. This restriction does not apply to making digital or hard copies of this publication for internal use within the JCBRN copies bear above mentioned notice and a following citation: [Author(s), [name of the article] x/2015 Newsletter 2015 JCBRN Defence COE Sponsoring Nation(s). Although the JCBRN Defence COE has invested the utmost care in its preparation, the JCBRN Defence COE does not accept any liability for the accuracy and completeness of any information, instructions and advice provided, as well as for misprints. No claims can be made against the JCBRN Defence COE with respect to potential consequences from the reliance on information or conclusions contained in this publication.