SPEECHES AND STATEMENTS
By Officials participating in the celebration
of the first anniversary of
the signing of the agreement, between the
The Dominican Government and
The Dominican Republic Settlement Association
PRESIDENT TRONCOSO'S SPEECH
A year ago today we met in this very building to sign the agreement between this Government and the Dominican Republic Settlement Association.
Today we meet once again to hear the report
that the Dominican Republic Settlement Association is laying before the Government, concerning the work it has carried out since that memorable date,
It seems that it was only yesterday, and yet
what has been accomplished gives us all the impression
that a longer period has elapsed0.
If last year this Government, under the inspiration and the impulse given by the Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina felt a spiritual satisfaction in subscribing to that agreement, the definite starting point for the realization of the plan that our Benefactor outlined at Evian -- concurring with the noble and humanitarian initiative of the great leader and President of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt -today this satisfaction is intensified, seeing that plan transformed into a beautiful reality and observing that the inflexible will and generous enthusiasm of those who made it possible are greater each day to keep it alive and to make sure of the fruits that it has already produced and will continue to produce for humanity.
Peech Jn th 1941
he Government of the United 6tates of iaerica is proud to
associate itself In a tribute on the anniversary of the signinG of the
contract for the settlement of refugees in the Dominican Republic, in
the first place to you, so President Troncoso, to Generalissimo Trujillo ,
to the hign officials of the Dominican Government with the Dominican people who have made the realization of t he Sosua project possible;
secondly to you, Mr. Rosenberg and to t he men of action associated with
you who a re realizing the project ; and in the third place to the settlers
themselves who it,, grit and pioneer tenacity are building in 'this
hospitable land, their Niew World.
The story of Evian is assosiated with four cities .shington,
evian, London, ciudAd Truj illo. It is the record of a few men of vision
and the sage of countless thousands of persecuted men and women. Throughout
like t he theme in a symphony r mns the offer of the Dominican Government
to receive t he oppressed and persecuted on itas soil
The first city in this story is Washington. There in
march of 1938, President Roosevelt appealed to 32 governments to join
with the Government of t he United States of america in seeking a solution
of the harrowing, the heartrending problem of refugees which had been forced on t he rest of t he world by the German Reich. The persecution
of men, women and children of all faiths in Germany hadm by the Spring
of 1938 reached proportions such as to institute for the immediate neighbours of the Reich and the furthur removed countries of final
settlement a major political, social a nd economic problem which could
not be solved by any country acting alone, The time had come for joint in. tergovernmentaln action. Some order had to introduced into the chaos
of hundreds a nd thousands of people in flght, President Roosevelt
sent out the call, and the nations to which he sent his appeal responded,
the Dominican Republic before all the rest : We agree that something must
be done. We are ready to join with y ou.
Then comes our second city : Evian. France France of the
Rights of Man alWays on the van of humanitarian enterprise was among
the first to pph y to President Roosevelt's appeal, France not only
replied, but offered it's territority as the scene of a meeting, and named
Evian as the place. There, in July 1938, thd delegates of 32 nations and the representatives of literally hundreds of private organizations
met to deliberate on a problem which was at the very root og the growing
world disorder. I shall not repeat the story of Evian here. Suffice
to say that four major decisions were reached : a) that the Govemnments,,
sonce they could not solve the problem in u week or a month, or a year should continue in seession during t he period of crisis in the form of
the Inter-overnmental Committee which might meet from time to time.
b) that should be engaged with the German Government in order to determine
if some order could not be introduced at the origin of the forced migration
c) that individual immigration should be stimulated : and d) that
the possibilities of group settlement should be explored.
One of the most significant developments at Evian was the
offer of President General Trujillo of the Dominican Government which electrified the meeting : The Dominican Governmento said Presl dent
Trujillo'Ts message, w as prepared to offer facilities for group settl4ment on it's territory,
The scene then shifted to the third of t he three oities:London. at Evian the British Government offered to serve as host to the Inter overnmental Committee anw the chairman of t he British Delegatiion Lord Wintertoo, became Chairman of the conference in it~s permanent form* LOng months of negoeolation from London followed; negotiations conducted with t he German Government a onduoted by Mr, George Rublee which
were making progress when war broke out ; negotiations with the govern"* ments of refugee settlement which gradually led to some ordering of the wild stream of flight; last but by no means least, negotiations with t he Government of the Dominican Republic looking tot he implementation of it's magnificent offer, There were first of a 11 political discussions, then a commission of technical enquiry made an investigation and report; plans were made to set up a private association which, under the aegis of the Intergovernmental Committee would do the work#
This brings us to the fourth city Ciudad Trujillo, one
year ago there was s igned in this National Palace an agreement between the Dominioam Government and the Dominican Republic Settlement Mssoviation which marked the happy climax of a first cycle of constructive effort on behalf of refugees which stemmed from President Roosevelt's initiative and President Siajille's concrete offer. This agreement is a monument of constructive humanitarianism which, like a candle in a dark chambby will shine for all time in the a nnals of this age,
A year has passed, and we are met in Oiudad Trujillo, this time not alone, to express hope for the future, but to recognize what already has been done. The pioneers are at Sosuaa Day by day experiments are taking place in this test-tube which should revolutionize resettlement in the Western Hemisphere, The blueprint is being drafted for all to read.
To the leaderswho have given concrete form to one reeommendatten of the I~tergovernmen l Committee a debt of deepest gratitude is due, above all to t he Government and people of the Dominican Republioe, whose noble initiative au4 generous hospitality to the suffering and oppre6ed will be remembered always. Together they have blazed a trail,
_J? ORN &J01FMl st1-- iA-i: E
, :s tr r e an tAno A ti W1l t1 a swns 10 jnhe2O .t.v .Oni1ri Y1O f
Cole y ve ai n e Siozv at e to exL p"
VIIU no m V01110 ..On Val, M .~' a t an:~o is siner a ta i ~ie~.1t t ti pr it i tx Crel 2cWo casno 1 in, Y n a it t t,14 a ta i, zn Ly s U. o
fton theyuou fe a the immite 2 wamen *A thi c E : Ono We t e s 0
visin ofGenealisinoTrajllo ose::sqhelpul o. aie
it' pat 0 i:;:stnt s eit's o te irmn ic A11 00 n tmer ~Wt ihe wh' W~urt :0u renntu fpvw.,ly
s/cutter~~~~ the 'cscr':ova y;:.te a id
moociaton an ase tout of Lcence acat to .oo
,:embers.1n :Wr; o, : Apton cowever 0. ni th "Got.L at
b ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 "witdi8 'hifb~ t 10t.
The contract bewteen the Dominican Government and the Dominican
Republic Settlement Association the signing of which we commemorate today is not only a record of progress in the achievement of joAnt government and private effort affecting the lives ofthousands of individuals and families, but a pioneer document which hoppfully will point the way for similar efforts to come in other areas between other governments and private- organizations.
The contract is of historic significance not o ly for the foregoing reason but because it provides in this time of intolerance and racial and religious prejudice an equal opportunity for all refugees of whatever race or r eligious persuasions Already refugees of all faiths and those of no church connection are enjoying it's benefits* It is a pleasure atthis time tot take note of recent conversations that have taken place between Generalissimo Trujillo and an outstanding world catholic laymanlooking XWM d toward furthur implementation of this feature of this noble work in shich the Dominican Government and t he Dominican Rep.ublio Settlement association are engaged,
The President's Advisory Committee on Political Refugees therefore
rejoices with our hosts of totqy and commemorates their first year of achievement, What has been accomplished has infinite signifanoe for the future. We extend our felicitations in particular to Gener&lissimo Trujillo and Mre Rosenberg personally, as principals in this historic development, Ve wish the Dominican Government and the Dominican Repubhio Settlement Association thd success which they richly deserve, We are proud to have played even a small part ih what has been so well begun. We have supreme confidence that the same statemanship will produce comparable fruits inthe future,
0is Excellency .r. ~espraaels Speech
Y ur Excellency, the President of the RIepublio Distinguished guests,
This land,that constitutes the initial point of the road by which European civilization entered the New World, thus creating an exceptional ,historical opportunity that justly has been recorded as"one of the significant moments of humanity"; when man began to have a new vision of the universe and of himself, and a will for culture reborn from t he torpidity of the Middle
ages, and a way was opened to him through the obscurity of the somnolent centuries that suceeded ancient culture, and an outlet
was found for his impulses to expand and to his infinite eagerness for learning and action, which attained imminent reality when america was diseovered, This land, following on that glorious and historical mission, is that which today offers to the founders of %MiM
-.the civilisation of thb same continent, who have been thrown from the peace of their homes and from the natural protection of their countries, by unbridled waves of passion. This land, that now allures,by the fertlity of her valleys, the majesty of her mou-.tains, the orystal of her waters, the purity of her air her prodigal soil her comforting peace, ka the dependents of those WAN who ennobled the spirit and beautified the life, creators of a civilization without precedent, that after having reached GCc~ta it's alimax, seemed but to fight fatally against itself with every class of recourse catastrophic, throwing to the rest of the world a portion of AgAa abandoned humanity, who fled from that vortex, and who look everywhere for an asylum and for peace, and who have found them, within the measure of her resources, in the tradional hospitality of this country,
an exceptional manL, profoundly Domainican, essence amd compendium of t he most excellent virtues of this people, is he
who has incarnated in this generous way, and with qqual intelligence, the ancient hospitable sentients that have flowered always in t he the spirit of the Dominican community. This man is Rafael Leonida Trujillo Molina,
The Benefactor of the country, with his clear vision
of a statesman and Awith his wide spirit of internationalism, liberal and comprehensive, was the first and the most faithful interpreter of the humanitarian sentiments expressed by the Ho orable president Roosevelt a ho a 0in the face of the misery? %hich unchained
passions have placed a portion of humanity.
The noble and intelligent standardsthat the Generalissimo to which Generalissimo TruJillo has adhered since he has been at the helm, are those which have made possible the realization of the work of aid- that the Republic has undertaken, with the cooperation of worthy foreign institutions, and with the approbation
of Govrment interested in this noble task, in order to give eourity ~nd supporting work to ttose who the noises of the storm in Lurppe have thrown th the placid abshores of ..Amerlca.
ikis gesture, inspired a nd directed, and those deeds that are derived from it, are not however, the result of a rush sentimentality, nor of n unapremeditated 1npluse of n solidarity, Our country and all am.erica have iestim.ablp
ood morals and materials, for whose conservation watch those atatem in, who like,Gener&lsiamo Trujillo, harmonize action with foresi~hte
The spirit of liberty, the essential ~and alive base
upon which rests our democratic institutions, ill not tolerate the most remote possibility of the entrance of anything contrary to the nature of these institutions, and it repels all attempts It is thus that the hospitable feellngs of GeneralisaLmo Trujillo, faithful expression of those of a1i people, are realized in a policy of emigrtion and of help, conscientiously elaborated ned carefully put In practice, in such a way that it leaves completely discarded all elements who )ight hold danger for the sacred statutes of imerica, in whichis perpetuated for our nation it's life, it's peace, it'a seaarity, and ittas civilization, helping only through said policy, those elements who are in harmony with re innate impulses of liberty, not against the continental interest, but who will most well contribute to the national richness and to the guaranteeing of the principals of international lawand of the ,merican public
completely in harmony 'with this policy is the work
that is being& realized through the agreement b~owteen our Government and the Dominican Republio Settlement ssooiution, whose first niver~ary we gladly celebrate today.
Fruit of the negooiations initiated by the illustrious Benefactor of the Country during his stay in the United states in 1939, this ag reement was solemnly signed in this city in the 5Othe day of Ja~uary 1940, and the nature of the benefits derived from it up to date, and those which 11 be derived in the nature, we have just heard from the lips of the -resident of the association, ,r. James V. Rosenberga
Year has hardly passed since that day, and already
there is rising on the fertile lands given by Generalissimo Trujillo in osun a flourishing colony og agriculturists and ewamers, 4nce the blue of our tropio sky and the brown face of our fertile earth smile at their happy inh~bitants, while the promise of reduce takes form beneath the furrows, or sprouts in the sun, like a herald of better days.
without doubt -. it would not be an excess of optimism
i, looking toward the future we were to see this nclous beautifully velope, formed as it is of working men, sound in body and mind idetifi~s4 with us in a sober ideal of order, prosperity, harmony mei culture, labouring beneth the sign of the cross a our flag, for a country ach day better, while the new generations born from th une e ardent Dtoinican s, grow with a love of the
noble, domestic virtues and open thle eyes of reason of the world with doctrines started by the noble ensiGn of Duarte and TruJillo i intimate comzunion with the sons of this land of a more rexote root.
And thua united, these children will leave behind the p riduces that today undermine the bases of civilization of the Old Jorld, d will go forward to meet new and superior rodes of living, superior to the old divisions of race and oread, and order to make real the sup-ort of the country that protects them, -hich in their fathers today, constitute a just aspiration and a firm hope.
W continue, then, without being disheartened and with the necessary foresight, in this prodigious humanitarian work, undertaken by the Illustrious Benefactor of the country, to build an .merica ecoh time greater, more prosperous and more free, capable of protecting in her midst men of all races, and to caurry in the sirit of her institutions, An the course of time, the spiritual destiny of the world.
CHIRAN~ 0 TH INTIEGOVE C220 00MMTS
I am interested and pleased to learn that, as a direct result of the practical sympathy shown by the Governent of the DQominican Republic, the Do*iaiea Republic Bettlement Assoolation has been able to initiate the first stage of its scheme of settlement. I most sincerely hope that this pioneer undertekisg will prove to be a real and ltstirng cuces, and that it will be the prelude to settlement schemes in the Republie on a wide scale, thus providing a home and livelihood for many victIUs of N'azi oppression who have been forced to leave their own country.
London, 19th December 1940
The French minister to Cuba, ,Onziar ar4oi' s
Your ~ecellenoy: btlrt soXiu
The Dlrectors of the Dominican Republio etlment neociation dira,
On suh ach n important occasion, ranoe neither e~n nor should
be absent. In effect, you are celebrating today the first anniversary of ~areament which was uniimsted by t-e moat modern concepts,
and hlobh will remain in the economic und social history of the world as a teastment,glaw1in wit. the generosity, the wide vision toward the future of those who inspired it and stimulated it, d immediately the name of ?ro dent Roosevelt occurs to me, A whose nobleness of' heart hus never been called on in vain, equally with that of Generalisslmo TruJille, whose adent and constructive patriotism has never failed to display his manif iceut personality.
.t this tim.e while Fraoe is suffering~ such sinful
tests that she is kept ever present in our th1ghts, in pite of
the distance of our country, when she is standing up to these tests with a profound and silent patriotisa to which the whole world begins to render homage, it is only suitable that a French voice abshould let it be known that ,ore than the heavy loads she is already eupporting ,in spite of her territory being -,ounded and she.howeverL continues to dive shelter to 5w000 MiMagA political
of fore or d it is o these tunates, afflictd by so manly mistortunes, to whom Mariscal ketain and his Government proportion in the present difficult circurstanoes that reign in our country, their daily bread, that bwead which is prayed for in the prayers of all the religiozns of the world,.
We have oame here, then, m colleague, Menriot and
myself, to manifest to this ssmb ly, met in a Country of intense activity and whose future holds such ma6nificent promise, than if there, in reality,exist in the world, a refugee problem, this roble~ is essentially Preneh
It is then toward our oo ntry that all men of goodwill a
should look in order tO find with lns of rpose, h
positive solutions that have to be arrive d at in oraer to alleviate our sacorifices, andto extend a compassionate hand, with the end view to traU port across the seo a part of these enormous masses of i migrants, who anxiously fix their eyes toward the New world.
It is fiIuiticnt that, by a cirou~ntace thft it please
Semoclonally to *phazise,that such an appel sho id be directed to meric a public opinion fro1 the first city to be ou ed on Vriloan soil by the iaortal Golombus.
The British Minister, jr. A~.Paterson's Speech I 0 94
It is my pleasure to bring to the notice of this meeting a message of greeting from His ainesty's Government in the United Kingdom in which the iaew Zealand Government also join*
my Government have always taken a keen interest in the solution of the refugee problem and, as a member government of the Intergovernmental Committee have been closely associated withthe various schemes of settlement, They heard with particular pleasure of the agreement bewteen the Dominican Government, and the Dominican Republic Settlement Association, and the liberal spirit of toleration which characterized the agreement, the progressive spirit of which should promotethe Republic's economic development*
His Majesty's Government is gratified to know that the Settlement association has lost,no time in giving effect to the agreement and is now engaged in the first stages of the settlement, they particularly appreciated the goodwill shown by boththe Dominican Government and the Settlement Association in offering onthe recommendation of Generalissimo Trujillo, to extend the scheme to take 500 evacuees from Grcat Britain.
My Government realizes the wide scope which is likely
to be opened up w hen this pioneer enterprise has proved successful and extend their best wishes for it's complete and early success*
I deeply regret that my official duties in the United States
do not permit me to be present at to-days meeting stop r Rosember shall inform that meeting of my continued and profound interest in this noble and humanitarian project initiated by President Roosevelt and put in the way of realization b ne a year ago stop Mr. Rosemberg an,' puthoize o Uli nn!I.o~e I *o
is authorize to enounce i4 new contribution of 50,000 additional acres Jea tou o f 1 in V* "a
acres near 3osun an also of ny rift of a sumer site In the mountains stop I send my arretinms and & express y bst ise to the distinguished group that is assembling to-La unaer your uspies stop I rejoice in the progress made by the ai~ble working settlers stop hy ountryedn and I are satsfied that this effort is beneficial not onl' to the op ; essed refugees but also to txo Dominican Republio.
All who are engaged in aatempting to solve the refugee problem know that very gr~et difficulty i exprieased i finding oulets for pemsat ttlemt.
1he discovery oft w n e suitable o sh sr lement at oae allevIatas the
Proba i an Rpublio Settleamt Asooaietto Is working with the
good4ll and active support of the Govrnmmt of the Diuors Republie a
exPlaag the pat)ical posaibilittes of the cotry. As Director of the
Intergoveraeal ConsMit.ee, I a envwerat with the 4is uasions that sesultea ii the agr*went betweas thef Dtaiea Republic S4ttlemas Ae~o.iaties, al a-greant that embodied, an h. one han, the liberal spirithwith w~heh the Governamet approashod the problem of refugee settleasat, and, on the other, the praetleal enterprise ea humataeian ztolives of the Bsetflemat Asomatiot la taking advantage of the opportunities so generouwly ofterde4.
The A.soiatioA has offered to take 400 emigratse fn aag the rfuge In Grat britain. This offer wa the sore epiae4ed siae it1 was ads when the BritiSh GovameAl, havtla regard to the alitary sitatioa toun it aee ssary i Juaae 1940, a as asure of prautioa, sad without say refletio aon the eoaanduet er eheawster of ianividuel refugee*, to iatera emay Geztrmans and Aulstrias who ba*d previously bees allowed their Itbrty. Is seneetioa with that of ter, I had bee& s lose teush with the Settleat Aseelatieoa, as I assistia Ia the seeetiA of the migrants for ntlemet at SeMe, an eaterpris made possible by the personal genereitty at Prthaiat Trajill. The workof the Asseatioa is, at this stae, esw1ly et a prlaeer eharaeter,
but ae effort sto beipg spared to make it a su eese, and whea eseas Is achieved a large field will be opened sad a stable satributias Mt to a sonstrusite soluti.A of a very large a taprat ble. he 3tleaat*Asseateas
Is thus deserving of the fISasP l o at the publi both because of
the work whiteb t is % doing *ad of the mush large possibilities Aih hAt work holds euto