Citation
The Graybeards

Material Information

Title:
The Graybeards
Alternate Title:
Korea veterans The Graybeards
Creator:
Korean War Veterans Association
Place of Publication:
Charleston, IL
Publisher:
Korean War Veterans Association
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Six times a year
bimonthly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
1950-1953 ( fast )
Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Veterans -- Societies, etc -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Veterans -- Societies, etc ( fast )
Genre:
Periodicals. ( fast )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )
Periodicals ( fast )

Notes

Issuing Body:
Korean War Veterans Association
General Note:
"Official publication of the Korean War Veterans Association"--Masthead subtitle, <2012>

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Korean War Veterans Association. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
53445104 ( OCLC )
ocm53445104

UFDC Membership

Aggregations:
Digital Military Collection

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2 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Editor Arthur G. Sharp 2473 New Haven Circle Sun City Center, FL 33573-7141 Ph: 813-614-1326 sharp_arthur_g@sbcglobal.net Advertising Manager Gerald W. Wadley Finisterre Publishing Inc. 3 Black Skimmer Ct Beaufort, SC 29907 843-521-1896 finisterre@islc.net Publisher Finisterre Publishing Inc. 3 Black Skimmer Ct Beaufort, SC 29907 finisterre@islc.net Membership Office Address Changes, Corrections, & All Membership Questions Sheila Fritts Membership Administrative Assistant PO Box 407 Charleston, IL 61920-0407 Ph: 217-345-4414 Membership@kwva.us Webmaster Jim Doppelhammer Double Hammer Computer Services 430 W. Lincoln Ave. Charleston, IL 61920-7471 Ph: 217-512-9474 webmaster@kwva.us National Headquarters President Paul H. Cunningham 1841 Pool Frg Lancaster, PA 17601-4627 Ph: 717-299-1990 pcunningham1841@verizon.net Executive Director James R. Fisher 15537 Barrington Place Montclair, VA 22025 Ph: 703-740-7596 Jfisher1121@verizon.net Immediate Past President Tom Stevens 5301 W. 122nd Terrace Overland Park, KS 66209 Ph: 913-696-0447, 913-449-7990 (C) Stevenst@swbell.net 1st Vice President Jeffrey J. Brodeur 48 Square Rigger Ln Hyannis, MA 02601 Ph: 617-997-3148 KVAMANE@aol.com 2nd Vice President Albert McCarthy 15 Farnum St. Worcester, MA 01602 Ph: 508-277-7300 (C); 508-829-4236 (H) mccarthy.albert@live.com Secretary Alves J. Key, Jr. 5506 Emerald Park Blvd Arlington, TX 76017-4522 Ph: 817-472-7743 alveskey@sbcglobal.net Membership Manager & Assistant Secretary Jacob L. Feaster, Jr. 22731 N Hwy 329, Micanopy, FL 32667 Cell: 352-262-1845 JFeasterJ@gmail.com Treasurer Joseph L. Harman LR36534 430 W Lincoln Ave Charleston IL 61920-3021 Ph: 541-752-5588 treasurer@kwva.us Assistant Treasurer Kyle Roberts, kyle.g.roberts@irs.gov 443-853-5124 (C) 202746-4232 Directors Term 2016-2019 George J. Bruzgis 230 Legion Pl Haledon, NJ 07508-1420 Ph: 973-956-8672 GBruzgis@aol.com David J. Clark PO Box 552 Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-0552 Ph: 703-695-2186; Cell: 781-913-2735 dclark5@hotmail.com VACANT Luther W. Dappen 510 W Pipestone Ave Flandreau, SD 57028-1619 Ph: 605-997-2847 lutherwdappen@yahoo.com Term 2017-2020 Eddie L. Bell Sr. 1105 Craig St Copperas Cove, TX 76522-3206 Ph: 254-661-4673 eddiebell858@yahoo.com Wilfred E. 'Bill' Lack 319 Sulphur Springs Rd Asheville, NC 28806-2518 Ph: 828-253-5709 bill.lack@charter.net Thomas M. McHugh 217 Seymour RD Hackettstown, NJ 07840-1001 Ph: 908-852-1964 tmmchugh@msn.com L. T. Whitmore 5625 Canterbury Ln Suffolk, VA 23435-1605 Ph: 757-483-9784 twhit35@gmail.com Term 2018-2021 Edward L.Brooks 19091 Meadow Dr. Smithfield, VA 23430 Ph: 757-25-0121 dovecote.eb@gmail.com Narce Caliva 102 Killaney Ct Winchester, VA 22602-6796 Ph: 540-545-8403 (C) Cell: 540-760-3130 ncaliva29@gmail.com Bruce R. 'Rocky' Harder 1047 Portugal Dr Stafford, VA 22554-2025 Ph: 540-659-0252 harderbr@aol.com Warren H Wiedhahn 13198 Centerpointe Way Ste 202 Woodbridge, VA 22193-5285 Ph: 703-590-1295 JWiedhahn@aol.com Appointed/Assigned Staff Judge Advocate William B. Burns 134 Saddlestone Place Apt F Camillus, NY 13031 Ph: 315-487-1750, BillBurnsKWVA@aol.com National Legislative Director Lewis R. Vaughn 623 Ashley Commons Ct Greer, SC 29651-5796 Ph: 864-848-0368; (C) 864-593-5754 LewisRVaughn@charter.net National Legislative Assistant Roy J. Burkhart PO Box 204 Willow, AK 99688 Ph: 907-841-9162, RoyBurkhart702@gmail.com National Veterans Service Officer (VSO) Richard RockyŽ Hernandez Sr. 114 Daffodil Dr. Killeen, TX 76542-1819 PH: 254-702-1009, rhernandez7@hot.rr.com National VAVS Director J. D. Randolph 1523 Pinebluff Dr., Allen, TX 75002-1870 Ph: 972-359-2936, Randy9683@sbcglobal.net POW/MIA Coordinator Bruce RockyŽ Harder 1047 Portugal Dr. Stafford, VA 22554-2025 Ph: 540-659-0252, harderbr@aol.com KWVA Liaison to Canadian KVA Warren Wiedhahn (See 1st Vice President) KWVA Liaison to Korean-American Assn. Jongwoo Han 310 Summerhaven Dr N East Syracuse, NY 13057-3127 Ph: 315-637-9836, JongHan@syr.edu Chaplain Emeritus Robert Personette 7136 Oak Leaf Drive, Santa Rosa, CA 95409 Ph: 707-539-7276, PamP@vom.com National Chaplain John W. 'Jack' Keep 3416 Mountain Rd Front Royal, VA 22630-8720 Ph: 540-631-9213 jkeepsr@centurylink.net National Assistant Chaplain Paul K. Kim 254 Concord Ave. Cambridge MA 02138-1337 617 877-1930 asianbaptists.org KWVA Committees Budget/Finance Committee Bruce Harder (See Directors) Joe Harman (See Treasurer) Bylaws Committee Narce Caliva (see Directors) Membership/Recruiting Committee Eddie L. Bell Sr. (See Directors) Sonny Edwards 14370 Mill Swamp Rd Smithfield, VA 23430-3536 Ph: 757-357-2331, KVetEdwards@yahoo.com Election Committee Tim Whitmore Resolutions Committee Luther W Dappen (See Directors) Tine Martin Fund Raising Committee Wilfred E. BillŽ Lack (See Directors) Tom McHugh (See Directors) Tell America Committee A. J. Key, Chairman (See Secretery) Tell America Materials Coodinator A. J. Key, Chairman (See Secretary) Revisit Committee Warren Wiedhahn 13198 Centerpointe Way Ste 202 Woodbridge, VA 22193-5285 Ph: 703-590-1295 JWiedhahn@aol.com Ethics and Grievance Committee Stephen Szekely, Chairman National Ceremonies Committee David Clark (See Directors) Awards Committe Robert Fitts (see Directors) Scholarships Lewis M. Lew Ewing In loving memory of General Raymond Davis, our Life Honorary President, Deceased. We Honor Founder William T. Norris See detailed list of committees at WWW.KWVA.US The G raybeards is the official publication of the Korean War Veterans Association (KWVA). It is published six times a year for members and private distribution. Subscriptions available for $30.00/year (see address below). MAILING ADDRESS FOR CHANGE OF ADDRESS: Administrative Assistant, P.O. Box 407, Charleston, IL 61920-0407. MAILING ADDRESS TO SUBMIT MATERIAL / CONTACT EDITOR: Graybeards Editor, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573-7141. MAILING ADDRESS OF THE KWVA: P.O. Box 407, Charleston, IL 61920-0407. WEBSITE: http://www.kwva.us

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3 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 First, thank you for trusting me with this office by electing me your president. I am cognizant of the many challenges facing our organization today, but I am confident that with the talent and support of the officers and directors you elected, we will be successful in resolving most of them. My first official duties involved participating in ceremonies at the Korean War Memorial commemorating the start of the Korean War. The Embassy of the Republic of Korea sponsored this event. Following remarks by ambassador Cho and me, we were addressed by Thomas J. TJŽ Kim, a middle school student in Maryland whose topic was This I Believe.Ž He related to us what it meant to be the first-born son of a first-born son of a first-born son; his grandfather was only two years old and living in Busan when the war broke out. In addition to his heart-warming remarks, he donated $800 of money he earned to Col. Bill Weber and the Wall of Remembrance Foundation, as an expression of gratitude for what our intervention in their conflict allowed him to become. I was very pleased to be joined at this event by a large contingent of members from chapters 33, 100, 312, and 317, as well as a dozen KATUSA veterans. Since March a committee headed by Past President Larry Kinard has teleconferenced to develop a set of goals for the organization. Guided by our Mission Statements, the committee came up with obtainable, measurable objectives in each category. Their recommendations were submitted to the Board of Directors for review and approval at their July meeting. Pending that outcome, you will be hearing much more about these stated goals. In my opening paragraph, I alluded to the challenges facing our organization. Chiefly, the loss of revenue through lost membership and increased costs is our major concern. To emphasize this point, I will quote our previous audit re the veterans who have served during the Korean War. Their numbers continue to decline and the average age is 86 years. The continued successful operation of the Association is dependent on recruitment of members who served since the Korean Armistice Agreement signed July 27, 1953.Ž Reversing these trends will be a major focus of my administration. Plans for the Annual Membership Meeting of KWVA have been released. (See p. 31) The meeting will take place at the Sheraton Orlando North Hotel in North Orlando, FL, from October 1721, 2018. Details can also be found on the KWVA website. In addition to side trips to several places of interest, participants will have an opportunity to engage with Dr. Jongwoo Han and a group of Social Studies teachers who will be interviewing veterans as part of their task of writing lesson plans about the Korean War. I remind all members of our annual KWVA Fundraising event. At present proceeds from this event are running a bit behind previous years. Funds raised by this drive go to the support of our highly touted magazine, The Graybeards Finally, I remind you that KWVA is your organization. Officers and committee chairmens names are posted in The Graybeards. Please contact me or any Board member about any questions you may have, or, submit items for Board consideration through the Resolutions Committee. I am looking forward to meeting many of you in Orlando. Regards to all, Paul H. Cunningham From the President Paul Cunningham THE GRAYBEARDS DEADLINES Articles to be published in the The Graybeards must be received by the editor no later than the 15th day of the first month of that issue. „Editor. Jan-Feb ......................................................................................................Jan 15 Mar-Apr ....................................................................................................Mar 15 May-June ..................................................................................................May 15 July-Aug ....................................................................................................July 15 Sept-Oct ....................................................................................................Sept 15 Nov-Dec ......................................................................................................Nov 15 Plans for the Annual Membership Meeting of KWVA have been released. (See p. 31.) The meeting will take place at the Sheraton Orlando North Hotel in North Orlando, FL, from October 17-21, 2018. Ongoing Series Remember that we have ongoing series for which we are always looking for submissions. Among them are: € Where I was on July 27, 1953 € Humor in Korea € How I joined the KWVA We will continue the series as long as we receive your stories. Please send your submissions to Arthur G. Sharp, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573.

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4 Business From the President......................................................3 KWVA Annual Membership Meeting Rules of Decorum and Debate..................................................6 Thanks for Supporting The Graybeards and the KWVA ..6 From the Secretary......................................................7 Call for Board Meeting and Annual General Membership Meeting....................................................7 2018 Fundraiser............................................................8 Application for Korea Revisit & PCFY Tours ............66 Official Membership Application Form ......................69 Features & Articles Life and Death at Pork Chop Hill..............................11 Angels or Gooney Birds?: Part 2 ..............................18 Air strip Brisco: an oasis under the enemys noses..22 Where were you on July 27th?..................................56 The saga of USS Epping Forest (LSD-4)..................68 The 37th Bombardment Squadron (L) Night Intruder....72 Departments The Editors Desk ......................................................10 Members in the News................................................16 Reunion Calendar 2018..............................................17 Humor in Korea..........................................................21 Tell America................................................................28 Chapter & Department News ....................................32 Feedback/Return Fire ................................................58 Recon Missions..........................................................65 Welcome Aboard ......................................................68 Last Call ....................................................................78 News & Notes Korean War MIAs Recently Identified..........................9 Thank You For Your Love............................................9 Fifteen students earn 2018 American Veterans of Korea Foundation Award............................................12 DPAA Report..............................................................14 Contributions to the Wall of Remembrance..............15 2018 Annual Membership Meeting: Registration......23 2018 Annual Membership Meeting: Schedule..........24 Bridging Generations with Heroes of the Korean War ..26 Arranging Arirang interviews......................................30 Memorial Day 2018 ....................................................52 July … August 2018CONTENTS CONTENTS 28 56 52 26 COVER: The new Veterans Memorial in St. Peter, MN called Freedom and Piece.Ž

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5 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018

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6 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards GRAYBEARDS DONATIONS Charles T. CarpenterFL Norman C. CobbNH Merle HeidenreichSD IMO Joey Livermore USN TX Takao IrizawaON Russell A. MerrillMI Lawrence H. MorganNJ John H. OHaraMD Thomas W. StevensKS Thomas H. UyechiIL Stephen WigmoreMA George W. ZimmermanMN KWVA DONATIONS Verden BaumgartnerIL Y M. Yun BothellWA George Nemith CamdenDE Leonard Len DeyoungMI Wendy M. McKenzieRI Overpayment on dues CID 258 Thomas J. OBrien Jr.NY Frank Gerald RhodesCA Kathryn R. SchellPA Eric F. ThreshNY Carl E. White Sr.OH Bill C. YoungerCA NMS NMSUN (3) The following are individual IMO NMSs: IMO James Eugene (Jim) Clawson IMO Nick DAmbra IMO Dean C. Ensley IMO George W. Hezlitt IMO Donald J. Marsau, Stockton CA IMO Roger Bolton Montgomery IMO George B. Pakkala IMO Jerome JerryŽ Renth IMO Gay Sakamoto/Dean C Ensley IMO Carl Melvin Smith (3) IHO Marcel Verdooner, 90th DOB IMO Veterans Day Contrib-Members Thanks for Supporting The Graybeards and the KWVA CONTRIBUTOR LOCATION CONTRIBUTOR LOCATION Members are invited to help underwrite the publication costs of The Graybeards. All contributions in any amount are welcome. Mail your donations to KWVA Treasurer, 430 W. Lincoln Ave., Charleston, IL 61920 or Treasurer@KWVA.US All contributions will be acknowledged, unless the donor specifically requests to remain anonymous. And, if you have an In memory ofŽ (IMO) request, include that as well. We thank you for your generous suppor t. LEGEND: IMO = In Memory Of; NMS = Non Member Sales BUSINESS KWVA Annual Membership Meeting Rules of Decorum and Debate (Based on Roberts Rules of Order Newly Revised 10th Edition) 1 A voting member must obtain the floor and be recognized by the presiding officer, stating his position and name before addressing the assembly. 2. The voting member is to stand when addressing the assembly, and if the member makes a motion, that member has the first right to speak to the motion. 3. Voting members must be courteous and never attack or question the motives of other members. 4. Discussion shall be focused on the matter or idea in question, and not on personalities. 5. Voting members are limited to ten minutes on each subject during discussion, and may speak the second time only if all other voting members who wish to speak have spoken on the pending motion. 6. A voting member may speak more than twice if the assembly grants additional time by a majority vote of the voting members present. 7. The Chair may recognize non-voting members attending the meeting only after voting members have completed their discussion on the pending motion. 8. The Chair may call for voting by a show of hands, or a voice yea or nay or standing vote. A secret ballot vote may be called for by a request of onefifth (1/5) of the voting members present. 9. The above rules may be amended, suspended, or rescinded by a twothirds (2/3) vote of at least a quorum of the voting members present Holiday and continuing series stories wanted For the 2016 and 2017 NovemberDecember issues we solicited stories for a special holiday section. We had pretty good responses. Lets start building our inventory now for the November-December 2018 holiday issue. Please send any new stories, photos, and art work describing anything memorable, special, or routine that occurred involving you, your unit, your friendsƒon the major year-end holidays, e.g., Thanksgiving, Christmas, Hanukah, New Years Day, Boxing Dayƒ The material can relate to war time or peacetime. Hopefully we will get enough stories, photos, and art work to fill another issue. Remember that we are also looking for stories in our continuing Where was I on July 27th?Ž and Humor in KoreaŽ series. Send your new stories and photos to Arthur G. Sharp, The Graybeards Holiday Editor, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573. Or, submit them electronically to sharp_arthur_g@sbcglobal.net.

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Tell America Resources and Information On this 68th anniversary of the armistice ending active fighting in Korea, pause for a moment to reflect on your experiences in Korea and ask yourself this question: am I and other chapter members prepared if a school or civic group requests a presentation about their service in Korea? If not, KWVA Tell America resources are available to help you do so. Although helpful, making a compelling presentation does not require the use of computers and digital presentations. Consider the following presentation toolbox: € A Brief Account of the Korean War booklet by Jack Walker (digital print copy available for teachers) € Korean War military history map chart as visual (24 inches by 35 inches) € Ryan Yantis KWVA Tell America PowerPoint (slides can be printed as presentation outline) € Korea Reborn-A Grateful Nation Honors War Veterans for 60 Years of Growth € A comprehensive list of Korean War Internet video and print information links (helpful supplemental material for history teachers) € Your Korea story (3 to 5 minutes max) € When and where you served € What you carried and wore € What compelling memories you have € What you think of Korea today € What you hope comes of out of sharing your Korean War-Korea Defense experience Remember that Korea Veterans and the Defense Veterans who followed are the most compelling witnesses to the historical narrative. Teachers can impart information about the war, but you can give first-hand reports of what occurred and the cost of freedom paid by those who served there. You are still living reminders of that cost, and the resolve that forged an armistice that made it possible in 60 years for the South Korean people to form a thriving democracy and become a world economic power. If transportation to a program request is needed, ask the person making the request. Most, if not all, groups will likely provide transportation to and from their location. If you have not recorded your Korea story for the Korean War Veteran Digital Memorial, please consider doing so. Instructions for submitting your interview narrative are available at http://www.kwvdm.org/participate.php?p=submit A. J. Key, Tell America, 817-504-6937, kunsan68@sbcglobal.net 7 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 From the Secretary Alves J. AJŽ Key BUSINESS You are still living reminders of that cost, and the resolve that forged an armistice that made it possible in 60 years for the South Korean people to form a thriving democracy and become a world economic power. The Board meeting is called for Wednesday, October 17, 2018 from 0900 until 1400. The Annual General Membership Meeting is called for Thursday, October 18, 2018, from 0900 until 1130. The meetings will take place at the Sheraton Orlando North, 600 North Lake Destiny Drive, Maitland, Florida 32751 and continue with recesses through the completion of all business properly brought before them. Members with items proposed for the meeting must insure that they reach Alves Key, Association Secretary, no later than September 18, 2018. To make a reservation: Hotel Reservations: 1-866-837-5175. The hotels online address is www.starwoodmeeting.com Book/Korean WarVeterans You must mention Korea War VeteransŽ to get the special KWVA Convention rate. Agenda € Call to Order € To the Colors/Pledge of Allegiance € Invocation € Administrative Announcements € Adopt Agenda € Adopt KWVA Annual Membership Meeting Rules of Decorum & Debate € Roll Call and Introductions/Recognition of New Officers/Directors € Annual Treasurers Report € Approval of Annual General Membership Meeting Minutes of the June 24, 2017 Meeting € Old Business € New Business € Reports from Select Committees € For the Good of the Order € Motion to Adjourn € Benediction € Salute to the Colors A. J. Key, alveskey@sbcglobal.net Call for Board Meeting and Annual General Membership Meeting 2018

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2018 FUNDRAISER Winners to be drawn at October 2018 banquet. Donation $20 for each ticket. To enter this fundraiser, complete the attached form. Winners will be announced on www.KWVA.us and in The Graybeards. Deadline for ticket donations is Sept 15, 2018 Contact Wilfred Lack, Director, Chairman Fundraiser Committee, (828) 253-5709, bill.lack@charter.net for info.

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9 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 It is time to enter the 2018 KWVA Fundraiser. As always, we need your help to keep the KWVA functioning.Several things are threatening our future. With your help we can eliminate them. First and foremost, I thank every member who participated in the 2017 fundraiser. We surpassed our 2017 goal of $70,000; lets continue the trend in 2018. This total included individuals who, rather than participate in the drawing, donated directly. A few others wrote KWVA and their member number on tickets.Had their names been drawn, the prize would have been put into the fundraiser total. Thank you all. However you contribute your participation is greatly appreciated. There are no administrative costs. All donations help support The Graybeards, Tell America,Ž and other KWVA programs. The ALL CASH PRIZESŽ comprise a 1st prize of $1,500 and FOUR $1,000 prizes. These are MEMBER ONLY PRIZES.Ž Each ticket requires a donation of $20.00. Be certain to put your member number on the ticket. I look forward to again notifying the winners. Think of what you can do with your winnings: take a vacationƒpay billsƒpurchase a special itemƒrenovate a room (or more)ƒ .attend the KWVA Membership Meeting in Orlando in Octoberƒ President Stevens enjoyed picking the 2017 winners. No doubt his successor will be happy to pick the 2018 winners.We thank you and wish GOOD LUCKŽ to all members who donate. In addition to the chances in the enclosed flyer, KWVA Challenge Coins, with Bulk Prices, Hats, Pins, Patches (including the NEW KOREA WAR and KOREA DEFENSE PATCHŽ) are available through our Membership Office. Please call Sheila at 217-345-4414 or visit the KWVA.org website to purchase these items. KWVA coins are an excellent way to raise funds for your chapters.They make fantastic gifts for your supporters and our wounded military cherish these coins.The wounded troops are always happy to receive these special coins from the Korean War veterans. We are proud to do it, and you can do it also. Buy some coins at bulk prices. Sell some for $20.00 and give some away to the wounded personnel in the hospitals and veterans homes. Donate some of the profit back to the KWVA.We need your support. If anyone has a question, problem, or needs help in any way, please contact Fundraiser Chairman Bill Lack, 828-253-5709, bill.lack@charter.net. I thank you in advance for your participation. Always Remember: FREEDOM IS NOT FREE.Ž THE 2018 KWVA FUNDRAISER Here is the up-to-date list of Korean War MIAs IDs as of July 24, 2018. U.S. Army NAME UNIT DATE/PLACE LOS T M/Sgt. Leonard K. Chinn Co. D, 2nd Eng. Combat Bn., 2nd Inf. Div. 4/30/1951 NK Cpl. Pfc. Joe S. Elmore Co. A, 1st Bn., 32nd Inf. Rgt., 7th Inf. Div. 12/2/1950 NK Sgt. John W. Hall HQ Btry, 503rd FA Bn. 2nd Inf. Div. 12/1/1950 NK Pvt. Delbert J. Holliday Co. C, 1st Bn., 7th Cav. Rgt., 1st Cav. Div. 11/30/1950 NK Cpl. DeMaret M. Kirtley Btry. A, 57th FA Bn., 31st RCT, 7th Inf. Div. 12/6/1950 NK Morris Meshulam Btry D, 82nd AAA Auto.Weapons Bn., 2InfDiv. 12/1/1950 NK Albert E. Mills Co. F, 2nd Bn., 5th Cav. Rgt., 1st Cav. Div. 7/25/1950 SK Cpl. Francisco Ramos-Rivera Co. H, 2nd Bn., 19th Inf. Rgt., 24th Inf. Div. 7/20/1950 SK U.S. Marine Corps Pfc. Roger Gonzales U.S.M.C. Reserve F/2/7 1st Marine Div. 11/29/1950 NK Sgt. Meredith F. Keirn F/2/7 1st Marine Div. 11/30/1950 NK Korean War MIAs Recently Identified LEGEND: NK = North Korea SK = South Korea SFC = Sgt. 1st Class By GranddaughterŽ Hannah Y Kim Hello Grandpas: Thanks to your love and support, Ive made it through my 50-state, 70+-city, 90-day journey to visit Korean War Memorials (KWMs) across our beautiful nation. It was the most fulfilling and humbling experience in my life to meet so many of you in person, to express how much I thank and love you. As previously mentioned, I embarked on this whirlwind Odyssey on April 27 (my birthday) with an ambitious mission to raise awareness and funds for the Wall of Remembrance at the National Korean War Memorial in Washington, DC. In the process, I wanted to remind America that Freedom is Not Free„that every single state, however large or small, suffered casualties in the Korean War. I also intended to bring some attention to the Memorials that many of the KWVA chapters worked so hard to build in their communities. They serve as a somber reminder that someone from their hometown went to Korea and didnt come back; that even almost 70 years after, there are too many still unaccounted for. While placing flowers in each memorial, Ive earnestly prayed for the success of the current peace talks. Anytime we talk about bringing our soldiers back home is better than talking about sending our soldiers to fight. Im crossing my fingers for the remains of the POW/MIAs to be repatriated. We can never give up. Likewise, the WOR wont get built in a day. But well keep on trying! One thing for sure, you can count on me to continue honoring your legacy. Ill never forget the smiles on your faces as I gave you my hugs and kisses. I hope you dont forget me either. Thank you for showering me with your love during my visits. I miss you dearly. NOTE: Hannah furnished many photos which we cannot include here due to lack of space. We will get to them in the next issue. Thank You for Your Love

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10 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards The Editors Desk Art Sharp Would you bring your parents to boot camp? When warfighters end their active duty stint there is always someone to replace them. My replacement arrived 56 years later in the person of my granddaughter Helga„under some pretty strange circumstances. (Im not using her real name here. Im using someone elses.) Helga earned her appointment to the U.S. Coast Guard Academy (CGA) as a member of the Class of 2022. She worked extraordinarily hard for her acceptance. I believe that she was my replacement in the U.S. armed forces„ even though I completed my active duty in 1962, and the country seems to have withstood the gap. Nonetheless, there was something bizarre about her enlistment day. The CGA held a group enlistment for the Class of 2022, aka swabs,Ž on July 1, 2018. Families delivered their soonto-be-ensigns around 7 a.m. The enlistment ceremony was scheduled for 3 p.m. That gave the parents some down time before they sent their children off into the strange new world of the military that afternoon. (Well, some of them: one swabŽ in Helgas company did not show up that morning. Another one disappeared between his arrival and the enlistment ceremony. Some people just are not cut out for military life.) Understandably, the kids were apprehensive. (Do you remember how you felt on your first day of boot camp?) The cadres herded them off en masse for haircuts, clothing allocations, etc.„ and to teach them how to march so they could parade onto the drill field later for the enlistment ceremony. Teach them how to march in formation in two hours? That would be like trying to line up a flock of tasered worms to march them in formation to a bait store for a fishing tournament. Oh well, optimism reigns supreme among military leaders. At about 2:30 p.m. the Class of 2022 marched onto the field. Surprisingly they looked like they had been practicing troop and stompŽ for a while„a half hour at least. I watched the swearing-in ceremony from my Florida post via streaming. The temperature was almost 100 F, but that did not deter the scheduled speakers from offering their words of wisdom to the Class of 2022, none of whom were listening as they stood at parade rest wondering what hell was about to break loose later that afternoon after their parents were gone and for the next 7-1/2 weeks of boot camp,Ž during which they were all but separated completely from the outside world. (No doubt they were wondering what parade rest was too.) After they were sworn in the swabs had thirty minutes to say their final good byes.Ž There were a lot of tears flowing on the CGA grounds during that time, from both the swabs and their families. (Incidentally, if you have never seen the CGA, located in New London, CT, it is worth a visit, especially if the Coast Guard tall ship Eagle is in port.) Then came the dreaded Parents, get the heck outŽ announcement, and all hell broke loose. Thats where it got weird. The cadres„who are second-year students„began screaming at the swabs to get them into formation and march them off to hell week like they were rassling a bunch of six-week-old chickens to the butcher„while the parents were still there. I found that a bit unusual. The last sight and sound in many cases openly crying, moms, dads, and the other guests saw were their terrified, in many cases openly crying, kids being harassed by mean cadres. That had to be disconcerting to the parents, who had to be wondering why the chaos couldnt wait. (It reminded me of my first day and night at Parris Island, where we were too terrified to cry.) I simply opened a beer and let my mind drift back to August 1962. I figured if I could sail through Parris Island without any difficulty, Helga could sail through swab training. As far as I know she is still there. I had prepped her as best I could before she left. I told her that basic training was simply a game during which the trainers were trying to separate the not-cut-out-to-be military people from the future admirals by tearing them down and building them up. If you can get through the first few days you will realize that the whole thing is a game that millions of recruits have won,Ž I said. Well all be saluting you in four years, and that terror-filled first day will be nothing but a laughable memory.Ž But, did the Coast Guard have to start that first day with the parents still there? I wouldnt be surprised if a few moms and dads snuck their kids out of New London before they even started their training. And I wonder where my parents were on my first day at Parris Island. No doubt they were home celebrating the fact that I wasnt at home„ while crying openly for joy. Hey, boot camp in any branch of the armed forces can be intimidating„but the rewards for completing it far outweigh the temporary terror. The last sight and sound in many cases openly crying, moms, dads, and the other guests saw were their terrified, in many cases openly crying, kids being harassed by mean cadres. That had to be disconcerting to the parents, who had to be wondering why the chaos couldnt wait.

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By Robert E. Miller As I recall the Company CP was on the left side of the trench as we went up the hill. A sleeping bunker was at the main fork above Co. As CP. That is where I was sleeping before the late night guard duty, when all hell broke loose. Richard Shea was the Executive Officer of Co. A, 17th. Lt. Shea was a true leader. He was greatly concerned about the men and their morale. On one occasion he talked with me about being ready at all times.... keeping my rifle clean and seeing to it that I had plenty of ammo and hand grenades. (At 5 p.m. each afternoon we fired a clip of ammo to test fire our rifles.) He would never ask a soldier to do anything that he would not do himself. He was what you call I show and you follow meŽ or Do as I am doingŽ person. On another occasion he had us working on refortification of the bunkers, e.g., putting in new support beams and sand bags. Another time he assigned me to guard and supervise a work detail of Korean civilians who were digging the open trenches deeper. I was told to watch them closely and not to let them get above the trench line, because they might signal the North Koreans or the CCF as to where we were and what they were doing. (After all the North Koreans knew what we were doing. They even called out the company roster when we moved on the Chop.Ž) Lt. Shea told me, Do not let anyone pocket anything or go and relieve himself without a GI going with him.Ž In other words, he said, Do not trust these workers; you may be fighting them tonight.Ž They were known to sell information they gathered while working. Angelo Palermo, of Oakmont, PA, now deceased, of Co. A, told me At the time I saw this moving wall of men I was assigned to another squad for duty that night.Ž He said they fought till they ran out of ammo, and then they fought with bayonets and rifle butts before retreating to the company area. Once back in the company area he was sent to rejoin his (my) squad. By this time I had been wounded. Paul Sanchez had already tied bandages on my shattered broken left leg and to my right leg, which had been blown off below the knee. (Thanks Paul). My squad leader, Charlie Brooks, and a handful of men (with my consent) decided to work their way outside the bunker and go get help for me. We thought the tunnel leading to the CP was held by CCF or North Korean troops. Before they left, I had them place a case of hand grenades beside me. For hours, every time I heard an enemy soldier talking, I threw a grenade around the comer leading toward communist-held areas. The talking stopped. No one overran my position. Anyway, Angelo finally made it to my position. He couldnt believe they would leave me all alone, wounded and sitting on the ground, my rifle jammed, with only a case of grenades. I told him no one had come around the bend in the tunnel, and I still had 3/4 of a case of grenades left. Angelo said, I made it here through the tunnel without any problems. I will go back and get a medic.Ž Before leaving he rechecked the bandages on my legs and said, They will be okay until help arrives.Ž Hours passed, and half a dozen or more grenades were thrown with the same results. Finally, all of a sudden, a flame thrower went off behind me, around the comer, in the direction of the CP. The flames came within 10 to 15 feet of me. I yelled, What the hell are you doing? Cut that damn thing off.Ž It was a great feeling when I heard one of the guys say He is one of us.Ž I was placed on a litter and carried back through the tunnel, past the CP, and down the hill into an open trench. The trench was lined with reinforcement troops. I do not know which company it was, but it was about 10 a.m. the morning of July 8th. My litter bearers stopped for a moment. I believe the men going up the hill saw for their first time the true reality of war. Their comments I will not repeat. Anyway, having been without water or food since the afternoon of July 6th, I asked if anyone had a drink of water. A soldier I didnt know said,Ž Here is my canteen. Take it. You need it more than I do.Ž After a drink, I offered it back to him, but he said, You keep it.Ž Thank you,Ž was all I could say. I often wish I knew who he was because I owe him a BIG THANKS. Then we were going down the hill again, passing a long line of soldiers going up. I was placed in a personnel carrier and taken to a chopper pad and placed outside the chopper under a plastic or glass cover and flown to a hospital at Teague. I remember the chopper ride well. The pilot would look down at me to see if I was okay. With my arms tucked under the blankets, I could only nod my head yes. I think he understood. I stayed several days at Teague while surgery was done on my leg, getting me ready for a trip to Osaka Army Hospital in Japan. While there I listened to the radio report about the signing of a truce. Then the long list of POWs who were released was announced. I even heard the names of men from my squad. While there I received a letter from Company Commander Roberts. He wanted to know what had happened in my area. I answered to the best of my knowledge. I havent heard from him since. Neither did I see any of the squad after the battle for the hill, until I met Paul Sanchez at a 7th Inf. Division Reunion at Fort Ord, California. I visited Angelo Palermo and met Dale Cain at a 17th Inf. Reg. meeting at Fort Smith, Arkansas. I talk to squad leader Sgt. Brooks by phone from time to time. He also lives in PA. In September 1953, I left Osaka Army Hospital for Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington D.C. I was released in July of 1954. Then a different life began for me.Ž Robert Miller, PO Box 1813, Morganton, NC 28680, 828-437-5527 11 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 Life and death at Pork Chop Hill

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12 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Allison Biddinger Allison is a 2018 honors graduate of Bartlesville High School in Bartlesville, OK. She was an active member of the National Honor Society and played the violin in her high school symphonic orchestra. A competitive swimmer, she has been a member of the Phillips 66 Splash Club for the past 10 years and was a key member of the four-time State Champion Bartlesville High School Varsity Lady Bruins Swim Team. Allison was also selected as a 2018 Oklahoma Academic All-Stater, which recognizes the top 100 high school seniors in the state and she was named the Bartlesville Examiner-Enterprises Student of the Year.Ž She is a rising first-year student at Purdue University, where she will be studying biomedical engineering. Haley Blanchard Haley will be a junior at the University of Georgia this fall, majoring in Public Relations with a minor in Human Services. She is very involved in community activities and will be volunteering with the Wesley ministry leading a group of girls residing on campus. She will be working with her Alpha Orincron Pi Sorority sisters as they raise awareness and financial contributions to support the American Juvenile Arthritis Organization. Haley also will serve with Simple Charity, which promotes events that assist noteworthy charities geared toward helping others in need. Upon graduation, she hopes to work for Childrens Healthcare of Atlanta or another non-profit organization geared toward serving those in need. Sarah Farnsworth Sarah lives in Marysville, Ml and is the proud granddaughter of Commander Richard Haney, a Korean War Veteran. She is a third-year student majoring in Elementary Education at Michigan State University with teaching focuses in Language Arts and Mathematics. Sarah works as a paraprofessional volunteer helping special needs children as a math and reading tutor in local elementary schools and participates in a teaching study program in China. In her spare time, she enjoys being with her family and friends. Emma Fournier Emma is the granddaughter and great niece of Korean War veterans and resides in Groton, MA. She is a 2018 graduate of Groton-Dunstable Regional High School, where she was a member of the National Honor Society, was a three-season varsity athlete lettering in both field hockey and track and served as secretary of her high school class. She will attend Tulane University in New Orleans in the fall, majoring in Chemical Engineering. Lily Hoffman Lily will be a freshman attending the University of Toledo this fall, where she will be majoring in Business at her hometown university. She is a recent graduate of Toledo Central Catholic High school, the same school where her grandparents and her mother and father first met. Lily finds pleasure in playing the piano, playing tennis, and spending time with her family. One day, she hopes to own a small family business. Julia Jackman Julia is entering her sophomore year at Barrett, the Honors College at Arizona State University where she currently studies Medicinal Biochemistry and is minoring in Civics and Economic Thought and Leadership. During the school year, she actively participates in Best Buddies (a club that works to create friendships between special needs individuals and students at ASU). She also is involved with the American Medical Womens Association and the Barrett Housing Complex, where she will work as a Resident Assistant during the 2018-19 school year. Julia is spending the summer in Trujillo, Peru, where she is doing medical work and public health outreach. She also enjoys 3D printing, running and spending time with her family and friends. She hopes to possibly become a physician in the Public Health Service in the future. Olivia Jackman Olivia is a sophomore at Barrett, the Honors College at Arizona State University where she is pursuing degrees in Supply Chain Management, Finance, and Business Health Care. Olivia hopes to one day work with the deliverer of medical supplies and infrastructure to developing nations. At ASU, Olivia is involved in DECA and loves to participate in intramural sports with her friends. She hopes to continue her record of always being on the Deans List. Elise Jensen Elise will be entering her sophomore year at Northern Arizona Fifteen students earn 2018 American Veterans of Korea Foundation Scholarships For the fifth consecutive year the American Veterans of Korea Foundation (AVKF), chaired by its founder, the Honorable Kim Jung Hoon, has presented $2,000.00 scholarships to some of our most deserving young students. This year they graciously increased the numb er of scholarships from the 10 they have funded in the past, to 15, to assist descendants of Korean War veterans with their college e xpenses. We again extend our sincere thanks to Rep. Kim and the Board of Directors of the AVKF for their generosity and thank them for t heir continued support. Rep. Kim stated, The AVKF Scholarship program was established in order to commemorate the noble sacrifice a nd honor of the American veterans of the Korean War.Ž As always, the Scholarship Selection Committee, consisting of KWVA members Lew Ewing, Chairman, Narce Caliva and Jim Markley, commends all the outstanding young students who submitted applications this year from locations throughout the United States. T his years recipients were recognized at the Korean War Veterans Memorial in Washington, D. C. on July 27, 2018 during the Annual K orean War Armistice Ceremony commemorating the 65th signing of the Korean War Armistice. The fifteen (15) 2018-19 Scholarship Recipients are:

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13 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 University, where she is seeking degrees in Nursing and Spanish, with aspirations to one day become a pediatric nurse. She is a graduate of Apple Valley High School in her hometown of Apple Valley, MN. Elise is a member of the Student Nurses Association and serves as a tutor for prenursing students in courses such as chemistry, biochemistry and microbiology. She loves spending time with her family and friends and getting together with people at sporting events. Joshua Kline Josh lives in Greencastle, PA. He attended Greencastle-Antrim High School, where he was a member of the National Honor Society, Spanish Honor Society, Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Student Council and varsity soccer team. He was selected 1st Team All-Star High School in soccer. Named to the Distinguished Honor Roll, he graduated Magna Cum Laude. He will be attending Lebanon Valley College this fall, seeking a doctorate in Physical Therapy, while playing on the mens soccer team. He is a member of a travel soccer team that is ranked 3rd in Pennsylvania and 48th in the nation. In his spare time he helps coach a soccer team. Juliet Pioli Juliet was born and raised in Annapolis, MD, where she was a Magna Cum Laude graduate of Broadneck High School. She currently studies nursing at the University of South Carolina and has earned Deans List her freshman year. Outside her studies, Juliet frequently volunteers at The Harvest for Hope Foodbank in Columbia, SC and her university community garden. Her paternal grandfather was a combat Korean War veteran from 1952-54. Her maternal grandfather is a Korean Defense veteran, serving in 1963-64. Anna-Kate Ragan Anna-Kate, who lives in Toledo, OH with her parents and four brothers, is a graduate of Notre Dame Academy High School, where she was involved in the Latin Club, musicals, and bible study, among other things. Throughout her high school years, she volunteered as a tutor to elementary school students and during her senior year was responsible for mentoring and tutoring freshman students. Anna -Kate has studied the piano for eleven years and enjoys playing classical pieces. She will be attending Hillsdale College this fall, majoring in history with a minor in classical education, with the goal of becoming an elementary school teacher. Anna Roussel Anna is a recent Honor Graduate of Searcy High School in Searcy, AR, where she played an active role in numerous clubs and organizations. She was the captain of the Lion flag line for two years and her group was invited to participate in the National Memorial Day Parade in Washington, D. C. on May 28, 2018. She was the editor of her high school yearbook for three years and was named Arkansas 2018 Yearbook Editor of the Year. Anna also served as the treasurer of her Key Club, president of the French Club, and is an active member at First Baptist Church in her hometown. She plans to attend Ouachita Baptist University this fall to major in Communications and Political Science. Tristan Turner Tristan is a 2018 graduate of Clean Technologies and Sustainable Early College High School, where he was a Scholar Athlete participating on the golf, bowling, and track teams. While he was in high school, he also attended Hudson Valley Community College and earned the rank of Eagle Scout in the Boy Scouts of America. He will be attending Rochester Institute of Technology this fall, majoring in Chemical Engineering and seeking a BS degree in Chemical Engineering and an MS degree in Material Science in the schools five year dual degree program. After graduation, Tristan wants to continue his advocacy for a clean sustainable planet and develop a safe, friendly environment for everyone. Bailey Volbrecht Bailey is a 2018 graduate of Billings Senior High School, where she was the valedictorian of her senior class, a member of the National Honor Society, and a member of the Senior Advocates. Also, she was a scholar athlete participating for four years as a member of both her volleyball and track and field teams and a three year participant on her high school basketball team. Bailey attended the Young Life Christian youth group and competed in the Montana Math Competition annually. She will be attending Grand Canyon University this fall, majoring in Biology, and then go on to medical school to become a doctor/dermatologist. Abigail Willis Abigail graduated from high school in June of 2018 as one of the valedictorians of her class. During her high school years, she participated in student government and the worship team. She also played on her schools varsity girls basketball team for two years, and served as cocaptain of the team both years. Abigail is currently working at a local blueberry farm, as she did last summer to earn money for college. This fall she will attend Corban University to work toward obtaining a degree in Elementary Education and hopes to become a kindergarten teacher.

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14 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Here are excerpts from the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agencys (DPAA) report from the May 2018 Quarterly Family Group/Veterans Service Organizations Update. We have included only those sections relevant to the Korean War. This report covers information available through early May 2018 and does not address recent activities involving the U.S./North Korean Summit talks recently completed. That information was reported in the July 17th update. I will represent the KWVA at that meeting and will report on anything significant concerning the Korean War personnel accounting effort. Bruce Harder, KWVA POW/MIA Coordinator, 540-659-0252, harderbr@aol.com The Presidents budget request for FY19 of $130.6M is being considered by Congress. May 2018: DPAA met with a Chinese delegation for consultations at the Pentagon, pressing them on archival information and stable, sustained field work and introduced the concept of public-private partnerships. On a positive note, the Peoples Liberation Army Archives has increased manpower and funding, and are able to fund more field surveys. Additionally, they expressed an openness to public-private partnership initiatives. China is the only country where there are losses from all four conflicts: Vietnam War, the Korean War, the Cold War, and World War II. US-North Korea Summit, June 2018: DPAA closely worked with the National Security Council (NSC), the Department of Defense (DoD), and the Department of State to better shape/define the issue of Korean War unaccounted for in North Korea. DPAAs Indo-Pacific Regional Directorate continues to plan and is prepared to receive unilateral remains turned over from the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK) and is in a be-prepared-to position for negotiations and subsequent field operations should those avenues matriculate from Department of State led negotiations. Richardson Center is also actively engaged in North Korea and U.S. discussions on repatriation. March 24, 2018 El Paso, TX Family Member Update (FMU) On March 24, 2018, the Agency hosted a meeting in El Paso, Texas for 90 family members of missing servicemen, including 21 missing personnel from the Korean War. April 21, 2018, Rapid City, SD, FMU On April 21, 2018, the Agency hosted an FMU in Rapid City, SD for 67 family members of missing servicemen, including 15 missing personnel from the Korean War. Provided an update on current operations in Laos, Kiribati (Tarawa), the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, and South Korea. Additionally covered planned operations within the next 60 days that includes two partnership missions to Northern Marianas (East Carolina University and the Philippines (University of Illinois at Chicago), as well as planned activities in Vietnam, the Solomon Islands and Laos. Disinterments: There have been 120 disinterments conducted since October of 2017 (71 WWII/Korea from the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific (Punchbowl) and 49 WWII from the Manila American Cemetery). Currently there are no additional disinterments scheduled at either cemetery until after the conclusion of all Memorial Day activities/remembrances. Statistics: FY 2018 Identifications, as of May 4, 2018: Korean War = 15 identifications of unaccounted-for personnel Question and Answer Question: Are there any LKAs (Last Known Alive) for the Korean War? National League of POW/MIA Families pointed out that there were personnel known to have been captured that would be LKAs. Answer: There is not a formalized LKA program for the Korean War as was established in the 1980s for the Vietnam War. However, there are certainly cases of Korean War missing who we know survived their shoot down, were in captivity, and who did not return after the Armistice. We continue to press both the Chinese and Russian governments for any information they may possess on these men. Question from Coalition of Families: I have a three-part question regarding your plans for joint operations in North Korea: how many operations do you plan to propose for FY19? Will you focus on battle fields as was previously done or will you ask to visit air loss sites? Understanding that the North Koreans are unlikely to allow your investigators to interview witnesses around the country, have you thought about a program where they or a third party would conduct interviews with witnesses to losses to ensure that information is not lost forever? Answer: When we are allowed to negotiate with the DPRK, we will propose three Joint Field Activities preceded by an advance mission to construct base camps and other requirements. We are anticipating JFAs lasting 45-56 days, depending on weather windows. End of October to midMarch the ground is frozen. Mid-March to mid-October is the operational window with monsoon and typhoon season from mid-June to the end of August. Our intent is not to detract from recovery and investigative missions for other wars. North Korea has been historically averse to allowing us to visit crash sites, so we are going to DPAA Report

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15 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 initially ask to return to the battlefield loss areas where there are large numbers of missing. In anticipation of future possible access, however, the Joint Commission division has assembled information gathered from Russian archival work relating to crash sites. Our negotiations will definitely address access to witnesses. Question from Korean War advocate: Previously we conducted five JFAs in North Korea? Why are we not doing so again? Did the Chinese make any commitments on recoveries„in particular, Dandong? I did not hear much about the K-208 and Punchbowl IDs. Answer: We plan to conduct four operations„three being recovery operations with a duration of 45-56 days depending on weather windows. This should result in about the same number of days on the ground as previously conducted, but is more efficient. We did conduct a ground operation in the summer of 2017 in Hunan Province, and the Chinese delegation supported our request to conduct missions in the future. To assist in approval, DPAA will submit mission requests via diplomatic notes. For next year, we plan to submit a diplomatic note, to MFA, with three-four mission options, with the intent being that MFA will review and provide feedback on which mission they can support. The Korean War Project encompasses remains from the K-208, prior joint recoveries in North Korea, and Punchbowl unknowns. This is where all of our Korean War IDs are coming from and more are in progress. Accordion War: Korea 1951 Life and Death in a Marine Rifle Company A personal narrative of combat by Charles DocŽ Hughes. Flags of Our Fathers came close but you nailed it.Ž Maxwell Baker FMF Corpsman, Vietnam/Korean War vet. "Hughes. . is a gifted writer. . This book is hard to put down. The writing is terrific. . .Ž Leatherneck, Magazine of the Marines Available at Amazon & other on-line vendors. Learn More: Read reviews & responses & order autographed copies at www.dochughesbooks.com Here is an update on contributions made to the Wall of Remembrance (WOR) fund from miscellaneous sources. Arden A. Rowley Chapter [AZ] The chapter made a $1,000.00 donation to the WOR fund in November 2017. SGM (ret.) James E. Bockman, 4035 E. Calypso Ave., Mesa, AZ 85206, 480-510-0770, JBoc187@msn.com Sales of Atomic Cannons and Nuclear Weapons: A Mystery of the Korean War.Ž As of July 24, 2018 we have raised $190.00 for the WOR fund. That is based on 95 copies of the book sold directly to readers. As you know the author contributes $2 from the purchase price of each book to the fund. (The book is also available at amazon.com, barnesandnoble.com, etc.) If you would like to enhance the WOR fund by ordering a signed copy, send $22 to the author at: Arthur G. Sharp, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center FL 33573 The $22 cost includes postage & handling and the donation to the WOR fund. Sales of Joey, the Street Fox of Newark.Ž As of July 24, 2018 we have raised $12.00 for the WOR fund. The author donates 10% of the purchase price from each book ordered directly by readers. The book is the true story of a narcissistic, sociopathic, obsessive-compulsive, inveterate liar young man from Newark, NJ who was born out of wedlock, sent to a foster home, retrieved (some would say kidnapped) by his step-grandfather, sexually, physically, and mentally abused by his alcoholic father until he resorted to living on the streets of Newark alone when he was ten years old. Then, because his street life interfered with his schooling, he was mandated to a Catholic protectory by a sympathetic judge to complete his schooling„where he was sexually abused by staff members. When he reported the molestation he was asked to leave„and the administrators kindly reported that fact to his local draft board just as the Vietnam War was accelerating. Despite all these obstacles he became a successful international management consultant. Joey proved that if he could succeed anyone can. If you would like to enhance the WOR fund by ordering a signed copy, send $16 to the author at: Arthur G. Sharp, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center FL 33573. The cost includes postage & handling and the donation to the WOR fund. Contributions to the Wall of Remembrance

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16 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Everett Clinger of Kenton, OH, and a member of Ch. 172, Hancock County, was featured in an article in the July 15, 2017 Kenton Times p. 1. The article is reprinted below with the newspapers kind permission. Thanks to Larry Monday, Ch. 172 Secretary, for bringing the article to our attention. Reach him at 419-387-7532, MondayL9 @aol.com Contact Everett Clinger at 419-673-0451. Kenton veteran shares experiences as flight engineer in Korean War By Dan Robinson Times Staff Writer The first time Everett Clinger of Kenton rode in an airplane he swore it would be his last. Clinger was at a county fair when he flew for the first time. I got out and said I would never get in a plane again,Ž he recalled. It was a vow which didnt last long. At the age of 22, Clinger joined the Air Force to avoid being drafted for the Korean War and he served as a flight engineer for 29 missions over Korea. That was just the way things worked out. I loved to engineer,Ž he recalled. In 1950, Clinger followed his brother into the Air Force and volunteered to be a flight engineer. He went for several months at the Lackland Air Force Base for basic training and then on to further training to become an engineer. Clinger was assigned to a flight crew of 11 airmen. After receiving combat training the crew was sent to Korea to man one of the Flying Fortresses. Over the next seven months, Clinger and the crew flew their B-29 to drop bombs on military targets 29 times at altitudes of where the outside temperature fell to -58 degrees Fahrenheit. Clinger said he loved his job as flight engineer. The engineer runs the engine. He starts it up when the crew is ready to go and shuts it off at the end of the mission. The engineer is a very important guy,Ž he said. With missions targeting dams, power plants and barracks, the crew normally found itself under fire from the North Koreans coming from ground artillery and fighter planes. Many of the B29s didnt make it back from their missions, he said. Only about a third would return home to call themselves B29 Statistic Survivors,Ž Clinger said. He is proud to be one of them. Clinger recorded 664 hours in the B-29, which included 368 hours at night or over water. We did a lot of bombing,Ž recalled Clinger. You got used to it (being shot at). It was rough over there ƒ Youve got to like to do the job. We volunteered to do it and thats what we were expected to do. The flack was so heavy, there were times we didnt think we would make it, but we did ƒ After seven months, I was ready to come home, but I had another year and a half to go in the service.Ž After returning to the States, Clinger received training with tanker planes. He wasnt dropping bombs, but refueling planes in flight, said Clinger When Gen. Curtis LeMay sent three of B47s over the North Pole to demonstrate the he nations capabilities, one of the planes lost an engine and Clinger played a pivotal part in making sure the aircraft was properly fueled so the crew made it back to their base. This mission was the first one to prove that the U.S. could take the atomic bomb any place in the world and return to our base;Ž said Clinger. After four years in the Air Force, Clinger left the service to return to Ohio and help his family. He worked on the farm before taking a job in Kenton at Durez, where he would remain for 32 years. The young man who had hated flying bought an airplane upon his return, but he didnt talk to many people about his war experiences. I have never talked about this to anybody,Ž Clinger said. Its tough to ta1k about, but I cant forget it. Even now it is tough to think about.Ž But he often reflects on the veterans who didnt return home from their missions, and, Clinger said, he also reflects on the people on the ground who were impacted by the bombs he dropped. The worst mission, he said, involved bombing barracks which held 200 Chinese pilots. The bombs took the lives of 178 enemy airmen. That mission still haunts him. When he came home, his mother was relieved to see him return and told him something Clinger recalls today. My mom told me God was with me,Ž he recalled. I am proud to have served my country and I thank God to have been able to return home safe and sound. I pray for those men and their families who werent so lucky. Those that served in the Korean conflict know that it was a war to them and maybe someday it will be called what it was.Ž Jim Scali, a member of Ch. 202, Orange County [NY], offered a few remarks at the 2017 dinner honoring the commemoration of the anniversary of the Korean War. It was held at the American Legion Post 151, Middletown New York. He noted: To the veterans, many of you are in your 80s. You look outstanding. Sixty four years ago in the Village of Panmunjom, in a barren room, the generals picked up their pens and signed their names to the agreement before them. The Armistice ended the hostilities. However, a peace treaty was never signed. Theoretically a state of war still exists in that land. About the men who fought that war: listen and hear of their gallantry. They were often outnumbered and outgunned in some of the most brutal combat in modern history. Listen to how they held the line Members in the Everett Clinger (R) receives his first Air Medal, from Col. McDonald

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17 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 at the Pusan Perimeter, how they landed at Inchon and turned the fate of war, how, even though surrounded and freezing, they battled their way out of the Chosen Reservoir, how they fought foxhole to foxhole, mountain after mountain, day and night at the Punchbowl and Heart Break Ridge, Old Baldy and .Pork Chop Hill. The only thing worse than the combat was the weather: the searing heat of summer and the deep snow and bitter cold of winter with temperatures 40 below zero, which would jam their weapons and turn their food to ice. Let us not forget the POWs/MIAs, some 8,000 of whom never came home. We will never rest until we have a complete accounting for them. And, of course, we must honor the Angels of Mercy,Ž our women in the Nurse Corps who sacrificed along with the fighting men. To the veterans of the Korean War, Americans, Koreans, and United Nation members of forces from other countries, most in the spring of your youth, you learned how short and precious life could be. May God Bless those who gave their all, may God bless you and your families, may God bless the alliances that secured peace and prosperity for the people of South Korea and showed communism that we will not stand by and allow aggression of peace loving people. And, of course, may God bless these United States of America.Ž These are thoughts of Jim Scali, who served in Korea from February 1967 to April 1968 with the 1/73rd Heavy Tank Battalion of the 7th Infantry Division stationed at Camp Beaver. Peace Talks and Revisit Program Bernie Smith is a Director in Ch. 299, Korea Veterans of America [MA]. I thought what he said in an article in the Concord [MA] Journal about the Korean peace talks and the Revisit Program is worth publishing in The Graybeards. I took selected excerpts from the original article so it would fit our magazine. Al McCarthy, mccarthy.albert@live.com (Excerpts from an article by Rob Carter in the Concord [MA] Journal) Korean War veteran and Concord, MA resident Bernard Smith is hopeful about reports that the war he fought in 65 years ago may finally be ending. The Koreans I know are for unification and are peace-loving people,Ž Smith said. He was a member of the Army Signal Corps, setting up antennas on the tops of mountains and hills for line-of-sight transmissions. He was drafted into the Army in 1951 and served for two years in Korea before returning home in May 1953. Smith said he was given the chance to return to Korea last September as part of the Korea Revisit Program. While in South Korea, he asked many Koreans for their opinion on the peace talks between the North and South. They dont distinguish between North Korea and South Korea,Ž Smith said. Theyre just Koreans.Ž Regardless of what happens in future peace talks, Smith said he was grateful to have the opportunity to return to South Korea and to see how Reunion Calendar: 2018 NOTE: Many people are submitting reunion notices barely a few days or weeks before the actual gatherings. Please allow at least four months„six or more is better„if you want your reunion notices printed in enough time to give potential attendees adequate notice to make plans, and in more than one issue. SEPTEMBER 28th Inf. Div. Assn. Sept 5-8, Fort Indiantown Gap, PA. 140 Calder St., Building #8, Harrisburg, PA 17103, info@28thinfantrydivisionassoc.org 8th Cavalry Regiment/10th Infantry Division Basic Trainees, Sept. 7-9, Shawnee Mission, KS, The Drury Inn, 913-236-9200. Specifically Fort Riley Basic Training Companies HHC 1 Bn 85th Inf and Item Company 87th Inf Rgt Dec 53-Jan 54; George Company 86th Inf Rgt Feb-Apr 54; 8th Cav Rgt May 54-Nov 56 of Camp Crawford, Hokkaido and Camp Whittington, Honshu, Japan. Steve Bosma 7109 Via Portada, San Jose, CA 95135, 408-270-1319 or Jack Hackley, P.O. Box 40 Oak Grove, MO, 64075-8198, 816-690-3443, jackremembers@aol.com 630th Engineers (Korea) Sept. 9-12, Branson, MO, Bransons Best Motel, 800-335-2555. Gerald Clemons, 356-757-2090 or 356-5774317 (cell) or Charry Viehland, 417-247-9772. 84th & 62nd ECB (Korea) Sept. 10-13, Nashville, TN. Victor Swanson, 1602 SE 107 Ave., Portland, OR 97216, 541 914 8583, vicswanson @comcast.net 1st Bn. 3rd Regt., 3rd Marine Division (All Eras), Sept. 11-16, Colorado Springs, CO. Don Bumgarner, 562-897-2437, dbumc13usmc@ verizon.net USS Charles P. Cecil (DD/DDR-835) Assn., Sept. 16-22, Buffalo, NY. Greg Wells, 405-365-1926, glw513@yahoo.com 44th Engineers (Broken Heart) Bn ., Sept 19-22, St. Roberts, MO (Fort Leonard Wood, MO), Hampton Inn, 573-336-3355. Ken Cox 314-3465818, kdc1@wans.net or Rex Hurd, 816-688-7470, rhurd55@yahoo USS Hornet (CV-8, CV, CVA, CVS-12) Assn. Sept. 19-23, Mobile, AL, Mobile Marriott. All ships officers, air groups, crew, Marines and families welcomed. Sandy Burket, Secretary, PO Box 108, Roaring Spring, PA 16673, (814) 224-5063, cell (814) 312-4976, hornetcva@aol.com; website: http://www.usshornetassn.com/; USS Hornet Museum: http://www.uss-hornet.org/ 24th Inf. Div. Assn. Sept. 20-23, Branson, MO. George Vlasic, 910-2875618, geonanvlasic@atmc.net USS New Jersey, Sept. 26-29, Metairie LA, Comfort Inn and Copeland Tower Suites. Steve Sheehan, 215-887-7583, www.ussnewjerseyveterans.org 13th Engineer Combat Bn. Assn., Sept. 27-29, Branson, MO, Grand Plaza Hotel. Billy D. Quinton Sr., 727-323-1144, bquinton@tampabay.rr.com, http://13thengineerbn.com USS Rochester (CA-124), Sept. 27-Oct. 1, Kansas City, MO. Joe Hill, 931-432-4848, nitecrawl@twlakes.net OCTOBER 25th Inf. Div. Assn., Oct. 8-13, Providence, RI. Sarah Krause, PO Box 7, Flourtown, PA 19031, TropicLtn@aol.com or www.25thida.org Korean War Historical Seminar, Oct. 17-21, 3d Inf. Div. Assn., Apr. 18-21, Springfield, VA, Hilton Springfield Hotel. Tim/Monica Stoy, Timmoni15@yahoo.com KWVA, Orlando, FL, Oct. 17-21. Details on p. 31. Mail your info to Reunion Editor, The Graybeards, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573-7141 or email it to sharp_arthur_g @sbcglobal.net. Include Unit, Date(s), Place, and Contacts name, address, phone #, email address. Entries are posted first come, first served.Ž The Graybeards is not responsible for the accuracy of the information published. NOTE: Submissions may be edited for space considerations. Please turn to MIN on page 71 Bernard Smith The cost of Chinas intervention in the Korean War China paid a price for entering the Korean War. It lost Taiwan and membership in the world community vis--vis the UN, and incurred distrust from western countries.

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18 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Part 2 By William O. Brennen I positioned myself so I could see to the rear through the observation bubble in the ceiling of the aircraft. I could see heavy tracer fire crisscrossing behind us. At first I thought it was the Chinese on one side shooting at us, and Marines on the other side shooting at the Chinese to suppress their fire. Then it dawned on me that there were no Marines out where we were, only Chinese. We were not hit, but it looked to me like the Chinese on either side of us could have sustained some casualties from friendly fire.Ž The firing was very heavy, and continued for a short period after we were clear of the ridges. Communication between the Chinese units was primitive, and Ive always hoped we had started a fire-fight between two Chinese units. 785 was not equipped to transport stretchers, although we did on occasion, so most of the wounded we evacuated were ambulatory. One vivid memory I have of the first loads of wounded we flew out involves some of the young Army personnel who had survived the Chinese ambush on the east side of the reservoir. Many of them were fresh off of the ice of the reservoir. One was actually sobbing, and most appeared dazed and in various stages of shock. They had the look of someone who had just returned from a preview of hell, and I couldnt understand it, as I had seen no Marines in this condition. Many years later I read the accounts of their battle on the east side of the reservoir, and I was finally able to understand. They actually had returned from Hell! From 3 December through 5 December we made 12 more cargo delivery and medical evacuation flights from the small air strip at Hagaru-ri. We also made another para-supply drop on 3 December. Im not sure what unit received the supply drop. Prior to the drop the Corsairs made ground fire suppression runs to discourage the Chinese from shooting at us. Ground fire was relatively light during our runs over the drop zone, but it was still an uncomfortable feeling being in an unarmed cargo aircraft, making repeated passes over enemy positions, while flying low and slow on a straight course. On one air evacuation flight we had a very close call. We were making a turn on our final approach just prior to landing at Hagaruri. We were a bit nose heavy, so Lt. Carter had me drag a pile of tire chains to the rear of the plane and sit on then. We were reducing air speed with our wheels and flaps down as we passed over a high ridge, when we took two air bursts directly under our tail from a light antiaircraft weapon. I felt two sharp jolts through my pile of chains, and we all heard the explosions. The pilot of our sister aircraft, 436, observed the bursts under our tail. Lt. Carter pulled up the gear and flaps and poured on the power. We dove over the air strip under full power, then climbed to join 436 orbiting above. Soon 3 Navy Sky-Raider fighter/bombers flew up the face of the ridge in close proximity. Each plane released two napalm tanks, and the face of the ridge erupted in flames. We received no more fire from that Chinese position. The crew of 785 was no stranger to ground fire from Chinese small arms, as every Marine position we flew over was surrounded by Chinese forces, including Hagaru-ri, but it was unusual to receive fire from an air burst weapon, at least in our experience. The American force that the Chinese overran east of the reservoir a few days earlier had anti-aircraft weapons, and I suspect this was one of our own weapons the Chinese had turned against us. Upon landing, a close inspection of the aircraft revealed only minor flack damage, much to our relief. On another evacuation flight, we were orbiting above Hagaru-ri, waiting for an Air Force C47 to take off before we could land. We observed the Air Force plane crash-land just after taking off, several hundred yards beyond the end of the airstrip. It did not catch fire, and the occupants got out of the plane and straggled back toward the airstrip. They were in Chinese territory, but the Chinese made no effort to intervene that I could observe. After we had landed, off loaded, and were taking wounded aboard, a small group of beatup looking Marines hobbled up to M/Sgt. Hart, and the senior NCO stated, Weve been surrounded up here for days. Were half frozen. Weve all been wounded, and we just survived an airplane crash. For the glory of God and the Marine corps, get us out of here!Ž We accommodated them. Angels or Gooney Birds? Marine 50785 at Hagaru emergency air strip, Chosin Reservoir, Dec. 1950; figure in leather flight jacket is probably Pilot 1/Lt. B. Carter

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19 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 In early 1998 I saw an article in the Travis Air Museum News by Walter Kane, USAF, retired, titled Last Flight to Hagaru-ri.Ž Mr. Kane was the engineer aboard the plane I saw crash, and his article described the incident I had witnessed. In his story, Mr. Kane stated that after making it back to the air strip following the crash, they boarded another C-47 for the flight out, preferring it to a Marine transport that had 20 or 30 bullet holes in its fuselage. Im convinced the Marine plane he referred to was 785. Mr. Kane lived close by. I contacted him, and we had several enjoyable visits, reminiscing about our mutual experience 50 years earlier in Korea. I also recall a Marine R4D that had crash-landed on the Hagaru-ri airstrip. It was off to one side of the strip on its belly. I salvaged the radio gear from it, and we flew in one of our mechanics, Cpl. Jack Allen, to salvage any other gear that might be usable on our two aircraft. The plane was intact when I last saw it, but it was burned when the last American troops left for Koto-ri. After I returned to the States in 1951, I saw a picture of the plane burning on the Hagaru-ri airstrip, in an issue of Leatherneck magazine. I cut out the picture and still have it. In the photo, the Marine decal is still visible on the nose of the burning plane. On March 19, 2000. I was viewing a web site on Kunsan Air Base, Korea. I read an article that listed Paul Noel as the pilot of a Marine R4D transport aircraft that had crash landed on the airstrip at Hagaruri during the Chosin Reservoir operation. His e-mail address was included. I immediately e-mailed him and asked him to verify that he was the pilot of the aircraft that I had removed the radio gear from in 1950. He replied that he was. He advised he was a captain in 1st Marine Air Wing Headquarters at the time. They had been advised that a rough emergency airstrip had been scraped out at Hagaru-ri, and that the Marines trapped there were in desperate need of ammunition and evacuation of their wounded. There was no other pilot readily available, the mission was urgent, and it was late in the day, so Capt. Noel went with the crew chief, T/Sgt. Dave Schwitzer, performing co-pilot duties. They, along with a third crewman, Sgt. Keith Macleod, left Yonpo Air Field with a heavy load of artillery ammo on board. When they made a hard landing at Hagaru-ri, the load shifted, unbalancing the aircraft, resulting in a propeller digging into an up slope of the rough, undulated surface. This caused the plane to skew off to one side, collapsing the landing gear. Artillery ammo filled the front cabin of the aircraft to the depth of the throttle levers, bending in the cabin bulkhead, and nearly trapping the third crew member. The aircraft did not catch fire, and all hands were able to evacuate safely through the emergency exit. They sustained no serious injuries. An infantryman, who Capt. Noel thought looked like an apparition due to his dirty, bearded face, long parka, and heavy winter clothing, came running up to the aircraft to see if they were injured. When he discovered all were OK, he asked if he could have the aircrafts clock. Capt. Noel told him he could have the whole damn aircraft, as far as he was concerned. There were a couple of USAF C47s at the strip, and Capt. Noel was able to hitch rides out for his crewmen and himself. As was the case with Walter Kane and his fellow crewmen, it was their first and last trip to Hagaru-ri. Capt. Noel (now Col. Noel, USMC, retired) provided me three great photos of the wrecked aircraft, one of which is the same photo FAR LEFT Hagaru-ri air strip, Chosin Reservoir, No. Korea, Dec. 1950 LEFT: USAF C-47 being off-loaded at Chosin Reservoir, No. Korea, Dec. 1950. Dead shrouded in sleeping bags, lower left, awaiting evacuation. LEFT: Chosin Reservoir, 6 Dec. 1950. Marine 50767 in background. BELOW: Marine 50767 crash landed 2 Dec. 1950 at Chosin Reservoir No. Korea. Crew: Pilot Capt. Paul Noel. Crew: T/Sgt D. Schwitzer, Sgt. K. MacLeod. Crew escaped unharmed. Plane destroyed 6 Dec. 1950.

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20 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards I cut out of Leatherneck magazine in 1951. I can also recall having a birds eye view of the columns of the 5th and 7th Marines approaching Hagaru-ri after they fought their way out of the Chinese trap at Yudam-ni, and the show put on by the Corsairs and Sky Raiders as they strafed, bombed, and rocketed the various communist positions. I was proud to be wearing the same uniform that those brave men wore. During the eight days between 28 November and 5 December 1950, 785 made three para-supply drops to Marine units that were cut off and surrounded, and seventeen resupply and casualty evacuation flights from the small airstrip at Hagaru-ri. M/Sgt. Hart recorded 39 bullet holes in the aircraft, compliments of the Chinese Army. 785 delivered 25-30 tons of badly needed supplies, and evacuated between 350 and 450 wounded Marines and Soldiers. I still have my flight log book documenting those flights. Between 1 December and 3 December, 436, our sister aircraft, made 7 resupply and casualty evacuation flights from Hagaru-ri, delivering roughly 14 tons of supplies, and evacuating approximately 175 casualties. Then 436 was taken out of service for major repairs. On 9 December, the crew of 436 manned 785, and made two evacuation flights from Koto-ri, bringing out an additional 50 to 60 wounded troops. Crew members T/Sgt. Jim Morris and Cpl. Ed Farra told me that Chinese troops were entrenched within 200 yards of the air strip at Koto-ri, their positions clearly visible. They did not fire on the transport planes because of strong Marine defensive forces opposing them. The two sides remained at a standoff. On one of the flights from Koto-ri, 785 brought out Marguerite Higgins, a correspondent for the New York Herald Tribune. Miss Higgins was the only female war correspondent in Korea at that time, and she was the most famous correspondent of the Korean War. In 1951 she was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for her work in Korea. She also was the author of a very interesting book entitled, War in Korea.Ž The responsibility for the air evacuation and resupply of Hagaruri and Koto-ri was assigned to the 21st Troop Carrier Squadron of the U.S. Air Force. The Marine aircraft involved in the operation were temporarily assigned to that unit. According to an article in the January 1951 issue of Airlift Times, 7 Air Force C47s and 4 Marine R4Ds were involved in the operation. Another Air Force source states, 11 aircraft, assisted by others on a time to time basis,Ž were involved in the evacuation. Records provided me by Colonel Noel document that six Marine R4D transports were involved in the Chosin Reservoir operation, including the one that crashed. They were, 12436, 17105, 17275, 17267, 50767, & 50785. I obtained official records from Headquarters, USMC, identifying the command pilots of the 6 aircraft, and the number of evacuation missions each flew. They were, Capt. Paul Noel, 1, T/Sgt. Wallace Mickelson, 8, M/Sgt. Robert Brown, 9, M/Sgt. Lawrence Laugen, 11, Capt. Henry Menzies, 12, and 1st Lt. Bobby Carter, 17. In one of the most famous books on the Chosin Reservoir campaign, Chosin,Ž by Eric Hammel, the author states on page 299, Only two transport aircraft were lost of the hundreds involved in carrying supplies to and the wounded from Hagaru-ri.Ž It may have seemed hundredsŽ of transports were involved, but the truth is, in 9 days of hectic flying, 11 planes of the U.S.A.F. 21st Troop Carrier Squadron, 6 planes from the 1st Marine Air Wing, plus a few miscellaneousŽ that were pressed into service, delivered over 273 tons of supplies, and evacuated 4,690 wounded troops from the two primitive air strips at the Hagaru-ri and Koto-ri. The pilots of Marine Observation Squadron 6 (VMO-6), managed to scroungeŽ a couple of Navy TBM torpedo bombers. They could squeeze 8 or 9 wounded inside, and they used them to evacuate wounded before the air strips were lengthened enough to accommodate the larger R4Ds. Maximum use was also made of their helicopters and OY light observation planes. One of their TBMs crashed at Hagaru-ri, but I dont know the circumstances or the fate of the crew. A U.S. Navy R5D (C-54) made one successful landing and takeoff from the strip at Hagaru-ri. The crew was all enlisted. It was the only four-engine aircraft that landed there. Several U.S.A.F. C-119 cargo planes made para-supply drops to Hagaru-ri delivering additional supplies, but they were too large to land and evacuate wounded. Even though two transport aircraft were lost during the operation, none of the crashes resulted in a fatality. All of the wounded were delivered safely to Yonpo Air Field for relay to a nearby hospital ship, or for airlift to hospitals in Japan by larger aircraft. When the 1st Marine Division and the accompanying Army units left Hagaru-ri, and later Koto-ri, they were adequately resupplied, and they were not encumbered by wounded. They were able to devote all of their resources to breaking through the Chinese Communist armies that tried to block their withdrawal to the sea. S/Sgt. Allison was awarded the Purple Heart for his wounds. The pilots and crewmen of 785 and 436 were awarded individual citations for their contribution to the success of the battle, as were USAF C-47 crashed and burned on a lowlevel para-drop to units of the army 7th Division east of Hyesanjin, N. Korea, 21 Nov. 1950, killing all 7 crewmen Marine 50767, crash landed 2 Dec. 1950; destroyed 6 Dec. 1950; Pilot Capt. Paul Noel. Crew: T/Sgt D. Schwitzer, Sgt. K. MacLeod

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21 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 the crews of the Air Force planes. The 21st Troop Carries Squadron, USAF was awarded the Air Force Distinguished Unit Citation. According to Col. Paul Fritz, USAF retired, who was a Captain, and a C47 pilot for the 21st T.C.S. at Chosin, that was the first D.U.C. awarded by the Air Force since its creation in 1947. The D.U.C. was later upgraded to a Presidential Unit Citation. As temporary members of that unit, the Marine airmen involved were also awarded the citation. Both services flew the same aircraft, the Douglas DC3. The Marine designation was R4D and the Air Force was C47. None of us Airedales,Ž other than those in the forward air control teams, suffered the hardships of those on the ground, at least that Im aware of. Our water and rations in the aircraft froze, too, but we always had a place to sleep at night out of the elements, and relatively out of danger. The mess hall at Yonpo airfield served good chow whenever we were able to be there to enjoy it. The ground crews worked long hours under miserable conditions on the windswept, snow-covered airfields at Yonpo and Wonson, and on the ice-encrusted flight decks of the aircraft carriers at sea to keep the fighter/bombers and transports in the air. All of us had but one objective: to do the best job possible at whatever task we were assigned, in order to get our brothers back out of those mountains. I dont know of a man who would not have willingly laid down his wrench or screw driver, picked up his M1 rifle, and headed up the road to Koto-ri if he had been asked to. In fact one of our mechanics did just that. He obtained permission for us to fly him into Hagaru-ri, where he spent the night on the perimeter with his brother, who was assigned to an infantry unit there. We flew him out the next day. I know that 785, her sister aircraft, and the ground crews that kept them in the air, were most certainly a deciding factor in the success of the attack to the rear.Ž I also suspect that all of the wounded troops evacuated by the C47s and R4Ds, if given the chance, would vote to change the nickname of those aircraft from Gooney BirdŽ to Angel.Ž William O. Brennen (Service # 669883, U.S.M.C. 7/8/48-7/7152, U.S.M.C.R., 3/27/53-3/26/57), 40 Holly Ave., Larkspur, CA 94939, 415-927-0393, billnm@sbcglobal.net This is one of a continuing series. It can only continue if members contribute their stories. Please send your Humor in KoreaŽ submissions to Arthur G. Sharp, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City, FL 33573. We can all use a laugh once in a while, just as the troops in Korea did. Humor in KoreaHumor in Korea It isnt New Year Eve It was the evening of December 30, 1952. As a fighter-bomber pilot of the 35th Fighter Bomber Squadron at K-13, Suwan, I was sitting at a makeshift desk in my hut, writing a letter home. Suddenly, I heard air raid sirens and the lights in the hut went out. I thought, Nuts. Its just a practice drill.Ž So, I lit a candle and continued writing. However, just moments later, I was startled by the sound of anti-aircraft guns and tracers flying into the air. I blew out the candle, grabbed my steel helmet, and went outside to the trench about twenty yards from my hut. There were several of us there, and we watched as the anti-aircraft fire continued. We also detected the sound of a propeller aircraft. It was definitely not one of our planes. It sounded more like the engine of the Steerman type biplane used by the North Koreans that we called Bedcheck Charlie.Ž A minute or two after I got into the trench, we saw one of our squadron mates ambling toward the trench with his hard hat in his hand. As he got close, we heard him say This is quite a New Years Eve celebration the ack-ack guys are putting on for us.Ž He was a big guy, almost too big to fit in the cockpit of an F-80. So, Im pretty sure we called him Buffalo. As he ambled toward the trench, I said, Buffalo, December has 31 days in it. This is not New Years Eve.Ž I never saw a big man move so fast. He muttered an exclamation, slammed his helmet on his head, and literally dove over the sandbag wall of the trench, landing in a heap at the bottom. Despite the seriousness of the situation we had to laugh. Incidentally, Bedcheck CharlieŽ didnt drop anything that night, nor was he hit by the several thousand rounds fired in his direction. Lt.Col. Alfred J. DAmario, USAF (Ret.), ajdamario@yahoo.com Please support our advertisers Hopefully, our readers will buy their products so we can retain our current advertisers, attract new advertisers, and use the revenues to underwrite the costs of producing The Graybeards Editors office hours Editor Sharps office hours, such as they are, are 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. EST, Monday-Friday. He is not an employee of the KWVA, so his hours vary.

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22 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards By Tom Moore The Wonsan Blockade by the UN navies from February 16, 1951 until July 27, 1953 (861 days) was the longest naval blockade in modern history. The port city of Wonsan, with a population of 75,000 people, was a petroleum refinery area for North Korea and a station for around 80,000 enemy troops. With many artillery batteries and an airfield, it was also a port for sampans that laid Russian M-26 mines. U. S. Navy and Marine aircraft returning from raids in Korea to their TF-77 aircraft carriers in the Sea of Japan often ditched in the sea because of battle damage or low fuel. Too many pilots and aircraft were being lost or frozen to death„most of them in the 300-mile harbor of Wonsan, North Korea. The harbor was replete with islands, some unoccupied, and some occupied by the enemy with artillery batteries. The U.S. Marines had established a small garrison on Yo Do Island in Wonsan Harbor, some four and a half miles offshore from Wonsan. It was an ideal place for U.S. Navy Construction Battalion (CB) units to practice their skills. When the Korean War began on 25 June 1950, the SeabeesŽ called on their reserves and expanded their active-duty force from 4,000 to more than 14,000 men. The Seabees reached Wonsan a month after the September 15th UN landing at Inchon. ACB-1 moved to the east coast of Korea and supported the 1st Marine Division. This time they landed at Wonsan„after floating around for days on troop ships in Operation Yo Yo„as enemy mines were removed from Wonsan Harbor as part of the 1st Marine Divisions shift from the InchonSeoul area to the northeast coast of Korea. While the U.S. Marines moved north to positions in the Chosin Reservoir area, many of the Seabees built piers to unload X Corps supplies and to unload UN ships. But UN planes kept ditching in Wonsan harbor. In 1951, after watching that happen too often for his taste, Lt. Col. Richard G. Warga, commander of the U.S. Marine Garrison on Yo Do Island, and his naval liaison, Lt. James S. Lampe, Jr., reasoned that the approaching winter would make survival difficult. So they recommended that the U.S. Navy build an emergency air strip on the island, where aircraft could be repaired and/or refueled and return to their respective carriers. They believed the air strip would give pilots peace of mind„ and save some UN lives and equipment. The 7th Fleet Commander, Vice Admiral Robert P. Brisco, reviewed the request. Some personnel at comfortable desks in Washington D. C. were concerned about how the North Koreans would react to construction of an air strip in their midst. Admiral Brisco said, To hell with the North Koreans. If this air strip can save UN lives and aircraft, lets do it.Ž (No wonder the air strip was named Brisco Field for the admiral with grit.) On June 6, 1952, the Seabees initiated Operation Crippled Chick,Ž the code name for the emergency air strip on Yo Do Island. The assignment to build it fell to ACB-1s Detachment George, led by Lt. T.E. Rowe. Detachment George comprised one Warrant Machinist, six Chief Petty Officers (the guys who run the Seabees), and 69 Seabee builder/sailors. They arrived with their equipment on USS LST-692. The first thing they did was drop pontoon causeway sections into the water. To anchor them properly on the beach, the Seabees pushed the causeways onto the beach with the bow of the flat-bottomed LST-692. That allowed them to off-load supplies, parts for a radio station for ships, aircraft, aviation fuel, ammo, food, etc. They drew up a plan for a 120-foot by 2,400-foot air strip to be operational in 45 days. Not surprisingly, the North Koreans took exception to their presence. The Seabees filled in and leveled rice paddies on the island, the only possible location for an approximate south-west to north-east axis. The Seabees worked sixteen-hour days, while receiving barrages from North Korean batteries on the mainland and enemy-held islands in the harbor. After the North Koreans shelled Yo Do Island, the CBs filled the shell holes on the air strip while U. S. Navy ships in the harbor spotted the enemy shore batteries and opened fire on them. One ship in particular that helped the CBs was the heavy cruiser USS Helena (CA-75). The CBs saw they could widen the air strip to 200 feet, and did so. There was a rocky ridge at the NE end of the air strip. The CBs put wheels on their air compressor, which they used to drive their rock drills in the rocky ridge. It took four hours to drill to a depth of 18 inches in order to reach an adequate depth for blasting. They used all their TNT, and the D-7 Caterpillar bulldozers did the rest to reduce the height of the ridge. On July 10th they wanted to see if the strip was solid enough to support military aircraft. A C-47 aircraft landed, using only three-fourths of the strip, and cleared the field at the 1,200-foot mark when it took off. The CBs hauled aviation fuel and oil from the beach to the fuel dump they located by the runway. They worked as they watched C-47s land and take off on the 12th, 13th, and 14th. The air strip stayed solid to support loaded aircraft. Then, on July 15, 1952, seven U.S. Navy Corsair aircraft made the first emergency landings on the air strip. On the 16th the Corsairs flew off to TF-77 and the USS Princeton (CVA-37). Air strip Brisco: an oasis under the enemys noses U. S. Navy and Marine aircraft returning from raids in Korea to their TF-77 aircraft carriers in the Sea of Japan often ditched in the sea because of battle damage or low fuel. Please turn to BRISCO on page 30

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23 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 Registration Form KWVA 2017 Annual Membership Meeting October 17 – 21, 2018 Sheraton Orlando North Hotel, 600 North Lake Destiny Road, Maitland, FL 32751 Print this registration form, fill in and mail it with your check or Money Order made payable to KWVA Inc. to: The Korean War Veterans Assn., Inc. P.O. Box 407 Charleston, IL 61920-0407 Questions? Call Sheila at the KWVA Membership Office: 217-345-4414 Note: To secure your place at the annual meeting, mail-in registration is due by Oct 5, 2018. Any Registrations mailed after Oct 1, might not be received in time. Wa lk-in Registrations will be accepted during the convention, but we cannot guarantee availability at Events, Tours or Banquet if capacity is reached. Date Activity Cost/person # people Total Wed 17 Oct Arrival – Registration opens at 10 AM All Attendees (Members, Spouses and Guests) Must Pay Registration Fee Registration/Information Desk ~ 10:00 am until 5:00 pm Hospitality Room ~ 12:00 pm until 5:00 pm All Attendees: $30.00/each x = $ Wed 17 Oct Board of Directors Meeting ~ 9:00 am until 2:00 pm Wed 17 Oct Welcome Reception ~ 6:00 pm until 8:00 pm Thr 18 Oct Annual Membership Meeting ~ 9:00 am until 11:30 am Registration/Information Desk ~ 8:00 am until 5:00 pm Hospitality Room ~ 12:00 pm until 8:00 pm Thr 18 Oct Veterans Interviews ~ 12:00 pm until 8:00 pm Thr 18 Oct Tour – Winter Park Tour ~ 1:00 pm until 4:00 pm $20.00 x = $ Fri 19 Oct Veterans Interviews ~ 12:00 pm until 8:00 pm Registration/Information Desk ~ 12:00 pm until 5:00 pm Hospitality Room ~ 1:00 pm until 8:00 pm Fri 19 Oct Tour – Alligators and Wildlife Adventure Tour ~9:00 am until 2:00 pm Lunch ON YOUR OWN at Theme Park (not included in price) ~ 11:00 am until 12:30 pm Return to Hotel ~ 2:00 pm until 3:00 pm $105.00 x = $ Sat 20 Oct Memorial Service & Buffet Breakfast ~ 7:30 am – 8:30 am Registration/Information Desk ~ 1:00 pm until 3:00 pm Hospitality Room ~ 1:00 pm until 5:00 pm $20.00 x = $ Sat 20 Oct Tour – Kennedy Space Center ~ 9:30 am until 4:30 pm (Lunch with Astronauts Included in Tour price) $60.00 x = $ Sat 20 Oct Reception ~ 6:00 pm until 6:45 pm Sat 20 Oct KWVA Banquet ~ 7:00 pm until 9:30 pm Chicken: $30.00 Beef: $30.00 x x = $ = $ Total $ _________ Please print your name as you want it on your badge. FIRST__________________LAST________________________________NICKNAME___________ KWVA MEMBER # _________________________CHAPTER #__________________ SPOUSE/GUEST NAME(S)__________________________________________________________ STREET ADDRESS________________________________________________________________ CITY, ST, ZIP_____________________________________________________________________ PH. #___________________________EMAIL___________________________________________ Disability/Dietary Restrictions:___________ _____________________________________________ There will be a $25 charge for returned checks. No Cancellations/refund requests will be accepted after Oct. 10. (Note: Hotel reservations or cancellations are to be made direct with the hotel.) (Rev 1 – 7/18/2018) KWVA 2018 Annual Membership Meeting: October 17 21, 2018

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24 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards KOREAN WAR VETERANS ASSOCIATION REUNION October 17 20, 2018 Sheraton Orlando North Hotel 600 North Lake Destiny Road. Maitland, FL 32751 Wednesday, October 17 Starts Ends Event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cost . . . . .Location 9:00a Â… 2:00p KWVA Board of Directors Meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hotel 10:00a Â… 5:00p Registration Desk Open . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hotel 12:00p Â… 5:00p Hospitality Room Open . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hotel 5:00p Â… 6:00p Dinner (On your own) 6:00p Â… 8:00p Welcome Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hotel Thursday, October 18 8:00a Â… 5:00p Registration Desk Open . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hotel 8:00a 9:00a Preparation for Annual Membership Meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hot el 9:00a Â… 11:30a KWVA Annual Membership Meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hote l 12:00p Â… 8:00p Hospitality Room Open . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hotel 12:00p Â… 8:00p Veterans Interviews (Dr. Jongwoo Han) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hot el 1:00p Â… 4:00p Winter Park Tour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$20.00 . . . .Tour 5:00p Â… Â… Dinner (On your own) Friday, October 19 9:00a Â… 2:00p Alligators and Wildlife Adventure Tour . . . . . . . . .$105.00 . . .Tour Note: Lunch ON YOUR OWN from 11:00a Â… 12:30p at the Theme Park Â… NOT included in Tour price 2:00p Â… 3:00p Return to the Sheraton Hotel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hotel 12:00p Â… 8:00p Veterans Interviews (Dr. Jongwoo Han) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hot el 12:00p Â… 5:00p Registration Desk Open . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hotel 1:00p Â… 8:00p Hospitality Room Open . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hotel 5:00p Â… Â… Dinner (On your own) Saturday, October 20 7:30a Â… 8:30a Memorial Service & Buffet Breakfast . . . . . . . . . .$20.00 . . . .Hote l 9:30a Â… 4:30p Tour Â… Kennedy Space Center . . . . . . . . . . . .$60.00 . . . .To ur (Lunch with Astronauts included in Tour price) 4:30p Â… 5:00p Return to the Sheraton Hotel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hotel 1:00p Â… 3:00p Registration Desk Open . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hotel 1:00p Â… 5:00p Hospitality Room Open . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hotel 6:00p Â… 6:45p Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Hotel 7:00p Â… 9:30p KWVA Banquet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$30.00 . . .Hotel Sunday, October 21 Â… Â… Â… Leave for Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Rev 1 Â… 7/18/2018)

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25 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 Tours Alligators and Wildlife Adventure Tour Jump on board this exciting Airboat adventure that takes gyests everywhere except the beaten path.Ž With the wind at their back, guests skim across the water experiencing some of the best natural views in Florida! This tour includes a one hour airboat ride, a gator handling demonstration, admission to the Wildlife Park, and an exclusive Lakeside Florida Style BBQ Lunch. This tour can also be offered with or without lunch. Go For Launch At Kennedy Space Center Experience a tour that is Out of this WorldŽ! Guests begin their day with a private Explore Tour visiting the NASA Causeway and the Apollo / Saturn Center. Later guest can go to the Visitors Complex where they can explore the Rocket Garden, NASA Space Shuttle replicas, and their newest attractions, Space Shuttle Atlantis and Space Shuttle Experience. Then, guests enjoy a lunch accompanied by a NASA astronaut who does a presentation, then holds a question/answer period to answer any questions they may have about the space program. Experience Includes admission to Kennedy Space Center, non-private lunch with an astronaut, and time in the park. 6 Hours

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KWVA members in Massachusetts were invited to attend the fifth annual Bridging Generations with Heroes of the Korean War.Ž The event is sponsored by Dr. Jay Jinseop Jang, Managing Director of Educational Divide Reform (EDR) in Boston, and Dr. Sheldon Berman, Superintendent of the Andover Public School System. Each year upwards of twenty South Korean middle school children participate in an exchange program and stay with families in the Andover area. They attend regular classes with American students, and go on sight-seeing and recreational trips on weekends with host families to learn more about the language and culture of America. Before returning to South Korea, the students take time out of their hectic schedules to honor veterans and thank them for the freedom they enjoy in Korea. The students prepare presentations in English highlighting Koreas history and culture, language and food, as well as perform on stage. Veterans are also treated to a karate demonstration by Grand Master Shins Demonstration Team. Then, veterans, host families, teachers, and the public adjourn to the school cafeteria for a dinner of Korean and American food. At the end of the evening, each veteran is given a booklet containing a personal letter from each of the students expressing their gratitude for the freedoms and opportunities they enjoy because of the veterans sacrifice. Albert McCarthy, mccarthy.albert@live.com 26 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Bridging Generations with He

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27 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 Heroes of the Korean War Korean school children perform to highlight Korean history and culture

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July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards 28 The Where, When, and Why of the Korean War Tell America On April 27, 2018, our Tell America team talked to ROTC cadets at the University of Hawaii, Manoa main campus. The Officer-in-Charge, Brett Mckenzie, and twenty cadets were very appreciative of this first time visit to a university campus. Some of the cadets had served in the military and asked good questions. Stan_Fujii@hotmail.com Buddy Epstein is a one-man PR Tell America team. He visits local schools and presents a history lesson and his experience in Korea. Recently he visited Chaminade High School in Mineola, NY with Jong Song, Weber Middle School, in Port Washington, NY, and Oceanside High School. Robert P. OBrien, 408 Fifth Ave., Cedarhurst, NY 11516 20 … HAWAII #1 [HI] 24 … CHARLES PARLIER [IL] On May 14, 2018, our team made a presentation at Maroa-Forsyth High School, Maroa, IL, to an assembly comprising 2 teachers and 147 students. William Hanes,williamhanes @att.net NOTE: In the May-June 2018 issue we misidentified Ch. 24, Charles Parlier, IL, as Ch. 4. We apologize for the typo. Ch. 20 Tell America team members: Lucio Sanco, James AceŽ Kaleohano, Sam Belen and Moses Pakaki with Major McKenzie (L-R) Below: Wayne Semple of Ch. 24 speaks to students at Maroa-Forsyth High School 55 … NASSAU COUNTY #1 [NY] Ch. 24 presenter Orval Mechling at Maroa-Forsyth High School David Freyling of Ch. 24 at Maroa-Forsyth High School Jong Song and Buddy Epstein of Ch. 55 at Chaminade High School What China gained from the Korean War There were several benefits to China for entering the Korean War. For example, it gave credibility to the Chinese Communist Party, solidified the countrys political leadership, molded and shaped its relations with the Soviets for the next decade, and solidified and secured an alliance with North Korea.

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The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 29 Members made a Tell America visit to the Gainesville, High School Junior Navy ROTC Cadet Corps, commanded by Major Dennis Wait, USMC, assisted by HM1 Kimberly Mullins, USN, on May 17, 2018. We spoke to 5 classes, over 100 students, and were very well received, especially with the heightened interest in the summit talks with North Korea that took place on June 12, 2018, the possibility of finally signing a Peace Treaty after all these years, and the hopeful return of our 7,800 POW/MIA remains from the north. We showed a new video from Prager University, narrated by Victor Davis Hansen, called Why did America Fight the Korean War?Ž This is much more modern than our traditional video, Freedom is not Free,Ž but we show this also when time allows. We had 4 presenters: event coordinator Norm Tankersley, Terry Fitzpatrick, Ron Carbaugh, and Don Sherry. We covered the causes of the war and the positive results from it, such as the desegregation of the troops, the development of the jet engine and airlines industry, the helicopter industry, etc. We had a question and answer session for each class and handed out several handouts about the Korean War. Each presenter told about his service during the Korean War and passed around various items from the war, such as dog tags, a radiation dosimeter, safe conductŽ passes from our side and from the enemy, etc. We also reviewed the phases of the war on our big map. We also participated in the cadets early morning reveille, saluting the Colors with them. Major Wait had many of the cadets tell us which branch of the service they had already signed up for and were shipping out to soon. We intend to return again next year. It was a day well spent with our young friends at Gainesville High School in Florida. Don Sherry Adjutant, dpskwva@yahoo.com Students and Ch. 267 members at morning reveille at Gainesville High School Ron Carbaugh of Ch. 267 speaks to class on Tell America visit Ron Carbaugh (L) and Terry Fitzpatrick of Ch. 267 address students at Gainesville High School Students at Oceanside High School surround Buddy Epstein of Ch.55 267 GENERAL JAMES A. VAN FLEET [FL] Buddy Epstein of Ch. 55 with students at Weber Middle School Don Sherry, Maj. Dennis Wait, Norm Tankersley, Terry Fitzpatrick, and Kimberly Mullins (L-R) at Ch. 267 presentation

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30 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The GraybeardsKBS Arirang Television is preparing a program to air in March 2019 on their Arirang English language broadcast channel. They are seeking to interview Korean War veterans and families in the United States regarding the traditional Korean folk song Arirang, and looking for Korean War souvenirs given to returning veterans near to and after the armistice. Arirang dates back to the 16th century or earlier, and remains the most cherished and remembered song in Korea; with several hundred or more regional variations. As of now they plan to send a production team to the United States later in the year and are collecting information regarding the following: Is the 7th ID still using Arirang as the official marching song adopted in 1955? Would 7th ID veterans be willing to perform Arirang for the program? Are there veterans who can remember or sing the Arirang song, and would they be willing to sing the song for the program? Are there veterans or family members who have any souvenirs related to the Korean War given them by the Republic of Korea when they returned home? Are there veterans or family members who have the Korean Childrens Choir LP? Are there any veterans or family member who possess A Motherless ChildŽ LP? The team is also requesting a list of events this year and in early 2019 for Korea veterans at which Arirang will be performed. Note that they are not seeking to keep any of the noted souvenirs or albums; they only want to interview the veterans and the families possessing them. Regarding sending a team to the U.S., they specifically would like to attend our annual membership meeting in Orlando. My contact point in Korea is noted below. Best regards, Sofia Whang, TV writer and Interpreter, KBS Arirang Road Team If anyone wishes to help, please contact A.J. Key at kunsan68@sbcglobal.net. Arranging Arirang interviews Photos Submitted for Publication in The Graybeards Whenever possible, please identify the subjects in photos you submit. We realize that is not always possible, especially in group photos. But, when you can, identify them, use designations such as (R-L), (LR), (Standing, L-R), (Seated, L-R), etc. And, please write subjects names as legibly as possible. We can usually figure out who the KWVA members are, but we cannot guess at non-members identities. Visit the Korean War Veterans Association Website: www.kwva.org Images of the scarf, Army Exchange album, the album, and the LP cover There was one female guest on Yo Do Island at the time: war correspondent Marguerite Higgins (1920-1966) of the New York Herald Tribune. She contracted leishmaniasis on assignment in 1965 while covering the Vietnam War and died in 1966. In 2010, South Korea posthumously awarded her one of their highest awards, The Order of Diplomatic Service Merit, for her coverage of the Korean War in 1951. Ms. Higgins is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. The Seabee Detachment departed Yo Do Island on the USS Comstock (LSD19) on July 17, 1952. A small detachment of CBs from CBMU-101 remained to act as Public Works for the island. They remained until August 1953. As part of the truce agreement that ended hostilities, the UN was required to return Yo Do Island to North Korean control. Before leaving the island the Seabees and the U.S. Marines removed all valuable equipment and destroyed what they could not take with them. Altogether the air strip cost $5 million dollars. In the short time it operated, it saved more than $10 million in aircraft, and only God knows what in lives and injuries. It was a well spent $5 million. Tom Moore, tm103ps@yahoo.com BRISCO from page 22

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31 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 Membership is Our Strength Its not the price you pay to belong, Its the price you paid to become eligible to join Now Hear This: All comments concerning, or contributions for publication in The Graybeards should be sent to: Art Sharp, Editor 2473 New Haven Circle Sun City Center, FL 33573-7141 or emailed to: sharp_arthur_g @sbcglobal.net

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July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Chapter & Department News 32 Featured Chapter 215 215 GEN WALTON H. WALKER [TX] GEN WALTON H. WALKER [TX] Recipients of the 2018-19 Memorial Foundation scholarships 2018 is the first year the General Walton Walker Memorial Foundation (GWWMF) has sponsored fifteen {15) $2,000 scholarships to deserving descendants of our Korean War veterans. We thank the Foundation Chairman, retired ROK Army Colonel, Kim Jong Min (John), and the Foundation Board of Directors for sponsoring these scholarships for our students. The GWWMF was established in 1971 by Ri-Jin Kim, a Korean War veteran, to honor General Walton H. Walker, the first 8th Army Commander in Korea. General Walker, who issued the order, Stand or Die,Ž is a hero who defended the Pusan Perimeter and the Naktong River Line during the Korean War, despite being outnumbered and outgunned by North Korean forces. The Scholarship Selection Committee, consisting of Korean War veterans Chairman Lew Ewing, Narce Caliva, and Jim Markley, thank all the outstanding young students who submitted applications, and we congratulate the recipients who were recognized in the Memorial Day ceremony at our Korean War Memorial in Washington, D. C. on May 28th. We are pleased that Chairman John Kim was able to attend the ceremony and personally congratulate the recipients who were in attendance. The fifteen (15) 2018-19 scholarship recipients are: Phoebe Bonney Phoebe is a 2018 graduate of Whitman-Hanson Regional High School, where she served as captain of the girls and boys swim team for four years. She is a member of the National Honor Society, English Honor Society, History Honor Society, and Spanish Honor Society. She enjoys taking her dog to the beach, playing her ukulele, reading, and hanging out with her friends. She will be attending the University of Massachusetts this fall, majoring in Psychology, and then enroll in medical school to become a psychiatrist. Krista Boop Krista, a 2016 graduate of Westland High School, is currently attending Ohio University, majoring in Psychology. At OU she is a member of Psi Chi, the international honor society for psychology and has had the honor of being on the Deans List. Aside from her academic achievements, she is a member of the service fraternity Alpha Phi Omega, allowing her to aid her college community. She has also recently been given the secretary position in 4 Paws for Ability OU, where she is a puppy sitter, socializing service dogs in training. Chandler Engelbrecht Chandler, a 2018 graduate of Hilldale High School in Muskogee, OK, will be attending the University of Oklahoma this fall, majoring in Journalism. His career goal is to become a sports writer. In high school, he was on the Superintendents Honor Roll and achieved AP honors in Language, Trigonometry, English, and American History. He was a member of the National Honor Society and the Student Council. Chandler is very proud of his Korean War veteran grandfather for the inspirational leadership and guidance that he has given him and others. Sarah Farnsworth Sarah is a member of the junior class at Michigan State University, where she is majoring in Elementary Education with teaching focuses in Language Arts and Mathematics. Some of her experiences include working with special needs children as a paraprofessional, volunteering as a math and reading tutor in local elementary schools, and participating in a teaching studying abroad program in China. She also enjoys spending time with her family and friends.

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33 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 Parker Gunnison Parker is a 2018 graduate of Arrowhead High School, where he was extremely involved in school activities. He led his schools elite Broadway group as their dance captain and sang bass with the schools Barbershop Quartet and A Capella group. Parker served four years on the Student Senate and was a member of the schools Leadership team and the Principals Cabinet, while being named as an AP Scholar. He also earned the Eagle rank in the Boy Scouts of America. Additionally, he was a member of the Volleyball and Golf teams. Parker is pursuing a degree in Aerospace Finance at Purdue University. Elise Jensen Else, from Apple Valley, Minnesota, is an undergraduate student at North Dakota State University, where she is studying Nursing and Spanish, with aspirations to one day be a pediatric nurse. Elise is a member of the Student Nurses Association and serves as a tutor for pre-nursing students in courses such as chemistry, biochemistry, and microbiology. She loves spending time with her family and friends and getting together with people at sporting events. Madelyn Jett Madelyn is currently a senior at Northern Arizona University, seeking a Bachelor of Science degree in History with a minor in Museum Studies. She has a deep passion for American history, especially the Civil War. Her love for history was nurtured by her grandfather, a Korean War veteran. In her spare time Madelyn enjoys reading fantasy series such as the Lord of the Rings, Game of Thrones, and Outlander. She also loves watching movies, calligraphy, and spending time with her family and her dogs. Katharine Lawrence Katharine will be entering her sophomore year at Indiana University Bloomington this fall. She is pursuing a major in East Asian Languages and Cultures with a concentration in both Japanese and Korean, and seeking a career as a translator and interpreter. She is proud of her Korean War Veteran grandfather, Fred Boehie, a member of the 11th Engineer Battalion, and the service he gave toward peace and freedom. Nicholas Savas Niko Savas is a rising senior at Columbia University in New York City, where he studies Political Science and Statistics with an emphasis on international politics. At Columbia, he is Treasurer of the Columbia University Hellenic Society and also is a member of his schools Mens Division One Rowing Team. He has a strong interest in the legal field and is working at a law firm in Manhattan. He hopes to attend law school upon his graduation from Columbia. Dominique Seo Dominique is a student at Bowling Green State University, where she plans to graduate in spring 2019 with a double major in Economics and History. Upon graduating from BGSU, she will pursue a career as a U.S. Foreign Service Officer. Outside the classroom she is involved in a variety of extracurricular activities, including Model United Nations, being an active member of a variety of honor societies, including Pi Beta Kappa, Phi Alpha Theta, and Omicron Delta Epsilon, and as a member of the Student Alumni Ambassadors. She also volunteers at the local animal shelter and food pantry. John Sinnicki John will be entering the freshman class at the University of Maryland this fall, seeking a double major in Finance and International Business. In high school he was in Model UN for three years and learned a lot on how international cooperation works and the effects that it can have on the world. He truly believes that the global economy helps to unite the world and that cooperation can be achieved through international trade. John wants to be able to help people on a global scale through economics and trade. Lucas Stovall Luke is a 2017 graduate of the Anderson Home School Association and was home schooled for 12 years. In high school he was a member of the football team. He participated in the Good News Club at Centerville Elementary, a member of the New Prospect Baptist Church Youth Ministry and Video Team, and has achieved the rank of Eagle Scout. Luke attends Greenville Technical College, is majoring in Aircraft Maintenance Technology, and will graduate in 2019 with an Associate Degree. After graduation, he plans to continue his education by earning an Avionics Maintenance Technology Certificate. Tristan Turner Tristan will be attending Rochester Institute of Technology this fall, majoring in Chemical Engineering and seeking a BS degree in Chemical Engineering and an MS in Material Science in RITs five-year dual degree program. He is an Eagle Scout and a 2018 graduate of Clean Technologies and Sustainable Early College High School, where he was a Scholar Athlete participating on the golf, bowling and track teams. Tristan also attended Hudson Valley Community College while in high school. He wants to continue his advocacy for a clean sustainable planet and develop a safe, friendly environment for everyone. Bailey Volbrecht Bailey, a 2018 high school graduate and scholar athlete, played volleyball for 4 years, basketball for 3 years, and track & field for 4 years. She was a member of the National Honor Society and the Senior Advocates and was valedictorian for her senior class. She attended Young Life Christian youth group and competed in the Montana Math Competition annually. She will be attending Grand Canyon University, majoring in Biology, and then go on to medical school to become a doctor/dermatologist. Tate Volbrecht Tate will be entering his junior year at Boise State University, seeking a degree in Political Science and Communications. He is

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a Founding Father and current president of Boise States Phi Gamma Delta Chapter. He also is a member and treasurer of the political science honor society, Pi Sigma Alpha, and a member of Lambda Pi Eta, the communication honor society and competes for the Boise State Talkin Broncos Speech & Debate Team. Off campus, Tate regularly volunteers at the Idaho Foodbank, Boise Library, and judges Speech & Debate at local high school tournaments. Lew Ewing, lewewing@gmail.com 13 13 BILL CARR CHAPTER 1 [DE] BILL CARR CHAPTER 1 [DE] We donated $1,000 scholarships to six very qualified JROTC graduating students from three local high schools: Sussex Tech, Sussex Central, and Cape Henlopen, all in the southern part of Delaware. Jack McGinley, President, and Walt Koopman, Programs Director, made the awards in front of many student friends and relatives at the Georgetown CHEER Center. The purpose of the program is to assist these students with their expenses as they progress to institutions of higher learning. The winners have been in the JROTC Program for all four years of high school, have consistently earned top grades in the classroom, and have developed proven leadership qualities. Anyone wishing to join the KWVA Chapter may contact Jack McGinley at jomcginl@aol.com or call 302-945-0698. Jack McGinley, 302-945-0698, jomcginl@aol.com 19 19 GEN. RAYMOND G. DAVIS [GA] GEN. RAYMOND G. DAVIS [GA] We met on June 5, 2018 at the Korean Cultural Center in Norcross, GA. This was a joint meeting between our chapter and the Southern Regional Chapter of Korean War Veterans to honor the 68th anniversary of the Korean War. At the luncheon meeting those veterans who served in Korea during the conflict were presented with Certificates of Meritorious Service. Altogether there were 18 from our chapter and 33 from the Southern Regional chapter. (Unfortunately, space restrictions wont allow us to show all who received the certificates.) The certificates were presented by Mr. Mike Roby, Commissioner for Veterans Affairs for the State of Georgia, and Consul General Young-jun Kim, the Consul General for South Korea, based in Atlanta. The second event took place one week later, on June 12th, at the Georgia Korean War Memorial on the grounds of the State of Georgia office complex. At this ceremony we were pleased to host Ms. Hannah Kim, the daughter of Korean immigrants who 34 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Standing in front of the State of Georgia Korean War Memorial Hannah Kim addresses Ch. 19 gathering Rodney Rector of Ch.19 accepts his Certificate of Meritorious Service Commissioner Roby (2nd from Left) presents Certificate of Meritorious Service to Frank Petraglio of Ch. 19 as Consul General Young-jun Kim (2nd from right) looks on At the Awards Ceremony for Sussex Tech: Alex Angell, who will attend the Air Force Academy (L) and Aron Carrow, who will attend the University of Delaware

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is visiting Korean War memorials in 21 countries and all the memorials in our fifty states. Afterwards Mr. Sunny Park treated everyone to lunch. It was truly a wonderful day. We must admire the dedication of Ms. Kim for her valiant journey visiting her Grandpas.Ž (See Graybeards Nov.-Dec. 2017, Coming to a memorial near you,Ž p. 76). Urban G. Rump, Secretary/Treasurer, 234 Orchards Cir., Woodstock, GA 30188, 678-402-1251, ugrcr@comcast.net 20 20 HAWAII #1 [HI] HAWAII #1 [HI] Hawaii is known as the melting pot of races that live together and embrace an enviable alohaŽ spirit. This composition of races is well represented in our chapter, as depicted in the nearby photo of our Executive Board members. They include Caucasian President Herbert Schreiner, Hawaiian Vice President James Kaleohano, Chinese Secretary Edward Wong, and Japanese Treasurer Tommy Tahara. At its recent general meeting the American flag was set up by Korean William Kim and the Pledge of Allegiance was led by Filipino Sada Sanico. Retired MGen Donald Aten was recognized for attending the meeting. A 93-year-old member, Lucio Sanico, recently received the Congressional Gold Medal for his service in the Philippines with the U.S. Army in WWII. He was one of thousands of Filipinos in the U.S. and Philippines who responded to the governments call to arms. 57,000 died to liberate the Philippines from Japanese control. After the war ended, Filipino veterans were denied promised benefits resulting in a prolonged campaign for recognition as U.S. veterans. This struggle ended seven decades later when the government granted U.S. veteran status and awarded a one-time monetary payment and Congressional Gold Medal on October 25, 2017. Retired Major General Antonio Taguba, U.S. Army, whose deceased father was one of the Filipino veterans, presented a bronze replica of the Congressional Gold Medal to Lucio Sanico and two dozen Filipino veterans at the U.S. Capitol in Washington D.C. Thanks to Stan Fujii, stan_fujii@hotmail.com for the story and photos. 24 24 CHARLES PARLIER [IL] CHARLES PARLIER [IL] Eleven members participated in the Forsyth IL Family Fest Parade on Saturday, June 16, 2018. William Hanes, williamhanes@att.net 35 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 Melting potŽ board of Ch. 20: President Herbert Schreiner, VP James (Ace) Kaleohano, Secretary Edward Wong, Treasurer Tommy Tahara (L-R) RIGHT: Lucio Sanico displays his Congressional Gold Medal LEFT: The medal awarded to Lucio Sanico Parade participants from Ch. 24 Frank Petraglio, Stan Fisher, Urban Rump, Norman Board, and Gordon Sherman of Ch. 19 receive Certificates of Meritorious Service

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40 40 MINNESOTA #1 [MN] MINNESOTA #1 [MN] Blair C. Rumble, State Commander of Minnesota Korean War Volunteers, represented the 1st Cav. Div., 7th Cav. Regt. at a National Salute to Hospitalized Veterans event recently. (Note the pin on the right side of his shirt in the nearby photo.) Blair C. Rumble, 969 Lombard Ave. Saint Paul, MN 55105 41 41 FROZEN CHOSIN [MN] FROZEN CHOSIN [MN] We made a $1,000.00 donation to the Wall of Remembrance Fund, which was duly recognized by the Webers. We met with Hannah Kim on May 31, 2018, at the beautiful Veterans Memorial at Soldiers Field, which is in Rochester, Minnesota. Paul Steen, 507-445-3131, sargepj@mvtwireless.com 36 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Members of Ch. 41 and attendees gathered to greet Hannah Kim in Rochester, MN Attendees at National Salute to Hospitalized Veterans tribute in Minnesota; Ch. 40 rep Blair C. Rumble is 2nd from right (Photo by Thomas Stoner, Minneapolis, MN Veterans Health Care System Resource Service) Introduction of the ceremony upon Hannah Kims visit by Merle Peterson Hannah Kim in Rochester, MN Presentation of the Colors by Ch. 41 members at Rochester, MN Paul Steen, Ch. 41 Secretary, Hannah Kim, and Ch. 41 President Bill Hoehn (L-R)

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54 54 THOMAS W. DALEY, JR. [NJ] THOMAS W. DALEY, JR. [NJ] Members appeared on stage at Rutgers University-Camden NJ. The chapter was invited to attend a Veterans Day Celebration and Luncheon, at which Commander Andy Jackson explained our goals and mission. Several of us appeared at a fundraising affair for veterans. Andy Jackson, captjack71@comcast.net 60 60 ADIRONDACK [NY] ADIRONDACK [NY] Commander Roger Calkins received a framed remembrance from Joe Cormie for his participation in the Bataan Memorial Death March at the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico. Chapter 60 helped sponsor Joe. Carol Waldron, CWaldon36709@aol.com 72 72 OREGON TRAIL [OR] OREGON TRAIL [OR] To commemorate the beginning of the Korean War, it has been traditional to have a special presentation at the Korean War Memorial at Wilsonville, OR on or about 25 June. Greg Caldwell, Honorary Consul of Republic of Korea, emceed the program. Following the posting of the colors, Matt Cassidy, son of chapter president Bob Cassidy, sang our national anthem. It was beautiful„ and done without the unnecessary vocal gymnasticsŽ which seems to be the current trend. Soktu Kim led the singing of the Korean national anthem. A welcome by Kristin Akervall, Wilsonville City Councilor, preceded brief comments by John Lim, former OR State Senator (who had been a houseboy for our military during the war). Don Cohen gave a brief resume of the evolution of the memorial. He and the late Don Barton pioneered the development, along with many volunteers and donors of time and contributions for the huge undertaking. A wreath presentation, closing prayer by Chaplain Bruce Wickward, Taps,Ž played by Ron Phillips, a U.S. Army veteran, and the retiring of the colors concluded this part of the morning. In May, professional photographer Rami Hyun of Korea visited the memorial and photographed 26 Korean War veterans to honor and thank them for the freedom which he now enjoys. Individually framed portrait size photos (plus a group photo) were presented during lunch. Project SoldierŽ is a compilation of Rami Hyuns work and can be viewed at www.project-soldier.com/about-project-1. A lunch was arranged for and served by the KIMWA (Korean Inter-Married Womens Association) to all guests and veterans. A number of organizations and donors merit recognition as well: KWMFO (Korean War Memorial Foundation of Oregon), KSO (Korean Society of Oregon), KAC (Korean American Coalition), who are mostly second generation younger members of the Korean community, McDonalds of Wilsonville (for coffee and water), the City of Wilsonville and, of course, our chapter. Bob DocŽ Wickman, USN, USMC, Korea 53-54, rcwickman@comcast.net 99 99 TALL CORN [IA] TALL CORN [IA] Korean baby adoption speakers featured at meeting Polly & Carl Chalstrom from Iowa adopted a South Korean baby 15 years ago from a South Korean orphanage. They named him Victor. It was a long and never-ending paper trail to get everything moving. A South Korean girl brought over the baby. The baby was attached to her the whole time. They met her at the Des Moines airport and fell in love with him immediately. He is a smart, handsome 15 year old who has adjusted well. He is in different activities at school. If a Korean woman has a child out of wedlock she has to give the baby up for adoption. Polly & Victor came to speak at our April meeting at the Springville, IA American Legion post 331. They are a wonderful family. James Koenighain, jkskoenighain@q.com 37 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 Group from Ch. 54 at Rutgers University: (Back L-R) Bob Musser, Rick Daucunas, Stan Levin, Carl Letizia, Frank Brown, George Ulmer. At the podium is Commander Capt. Andrew T Jackson, USAR (RET Charles Jackson, Bob Musser, Andy Jackson, George Ulmer, Fred Adolf, and Carl Letizia (L-R) of Ch. 54 at fundraiser Commander Roger Calkins of Ch. 60 (L) receives framed remembrance from Joe Cormie

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106 106 TREASURE COAST [FL] TREASURE COAST [FL] We held our first Annual Picnic and Raffle to raise funds for the Fisher House located at the West Palm Beach VA Medical Center. The 1st prize was a hand-made Patriotic Quilt made by Linda Carino, which Elton Wetteland, General Manager of Sun Rise Ford, won. 2nd prize went to R. J. Miller of the Marine Corps League. He donated his $500 prize to the Fisher House. The picnic was a great success and we presented a check for $1,100 to Shelley Prickett, Fisher House manager. Harold Trieber, 573 Montevina Dr., Port St. Lucie, FL 34986, 561-568-9347, htrieber@att.net 38 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Harold Trieber of Ch. 106 presenting a check to Shelley Prickett for Fisher House Victor Chalstrom displays Korean clothing for Ch. 99 members and guests Commander Harold Trieber (L) of Ch. 106 presenting quilt to Elton Wetteland at Sun Rise Ford Members of Ch.106 and their wives enjoying their first annual picnic Polly Chalstrom and Victor at Ch. 99 meeting Photos of Victor Chalstrom as a baby

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122 122 ARDEN A ROWLEY [AZ] ARDEN A ROWLEY [AZ] Hannah Kim visited us on May 21, 2018. She met with Korean War veterans from all parts of Arizona. James Bockman, 4035 E. Calypso Ave. Mesa, AZ 85206 169 169 LAKE COUNTY [FL] LAKE COUNTY [FL] We held our annual picnic outing in April at the Hickory Point Recreation Center on Lake Griffin with 38 members and family in attendance. It was a Florida spring day enjoyed by all in fellowship and fun. We received a big surprise when our lone ranger, Harry Olsen, produced a matching charity funds donor to the tune of a $2,500.00 check, which was equal to Harrys fundraiser in tiny Okahumpka, FL. We are off to a sensational start for 2018, not only with fund raising, but also with our Tell America program. Three high schools already committed for the fall semester. Congratulations to Gloria Corbett, Joel Briggs, and SemaphoreŽ Frank Keaser. In 2018 we welcome our new president and secretary team„Dick and Doreen Zettlemoyer„to lead us onward and upward. Dick praised the dedication and performance of our Honor Guard detail, headed by Joel Briggs. John McWaters, 2075 Callaway Dr., The Villages, FL 32162, 352-445-9316, genjon@thevillages.net 39 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 Arizona veterans with Hannah Kim (3rd from left) Grill master Charlie White and assistant Roger Ubaudi doing the cooking at the Ch. 169 picnic Gene Zender receiving award from President Zettlemoyer (L) for his always ready to help responseŽ to all that is asked of him RIGHT: Don Lynch and John McWaters of Ch. 169 holding one of many fund raisers this year BELOW: Tell America speaker of Ch. 169 John McWaters updates audience on Korean War with the help of the new 36Ž x 48Ž National Geographic Map

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172 172 HANCOCK COUNTY [OH] HANCOCK COUNTY [OH] The months of May and June were busy for us. Our Rose of Sharon scholarship fund drive was held on May 19th with 16 members volunteering. On June 7th we held our annual Spring Banquet, at which Rose of Sharon scholarships were presented to Olivia Griggs, great-granddaughter of Don Riker; Kacey Durlait, granddaughter of Doyle Tuttle; Allison Biddinger, granddaughter of Cliff Biddinger; and Marcus Wynkoop, grandson of Ken Wynkoop. We were pleased to have Colonel James Coomler as our speaker. Larry Monday, Secretary, 419-387-7532, mondayL9@aol.com 40 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards President Ron Dutton presiding over the banquet Colonel James Coomler addresses Ch. 172 gathering Olivia Griggs and great-grandfather Don Riker of Ch. 172 Kacey Durilat and grandfather Doyle Tuttle of Ch. 172 Cliff Biddinger of Ch. 172 accepting scholarship of behalf of granddaughter Allison Biddinger Jim Iler, Rollie Bibler, Elmer Wilch, and Len Ziessler (L-R) at Ch. 172 Rose of Sharon event Ch. 172 members Doyle Tuttle, Jim Roberts, Jim Salisbury, and Bob Zellers (L-R) at Rose of Sharon event Ralph Anderson, Ron Myers, Don VanRenterghem, and Cliff Biddinger of Ch. 172 participate in Rose of Sharon drive Sam Ellis, Ken Wynkoop, Bob Perkins, and Jake Cogley (L-R) of Ch. 172 conduct Rose of Sharon sale

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41 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 189 189 CENTRAL FLORIDA EAST COAST [FL] CENTRAL FLORIDA EAST COAST [FL] On June 25 2018 the Korean American Association of East Florida hosted the 68th Korean War Memorial and Korean War Veterans Appreciation Ceremony for us at the VFW Post 3282 in Port Orange, FL. In addition to a lovely catered lunch, entertainment was provided by members of the Korean Baptist Church in Daytona, with Korean folk songs, a harmonica duet, a singalong, and more. Joseph Sicinski, 386-492-6551, sicinskij@aol.com 251 251 SAGINAW-FRANKENMUTH [MI] SAGINAW-FRANKENMUTH [MI] Our guest speaker in June was Ann Werele, Nurse Navigator, at Covenant Hospital, Saginaw, MI. She talked about the history of smoking and lung cancer in the 1940s, when virtually everyone smoked because it was the accepted thing to do. She emphasized the testing for lung cancer at the present time and the number of programs offered to help smokers quit. It was a very interesting program, for which we thank her. We awarded two $1,000.00 scholarships for students entering Michigan colleges, Kissandra Fried and Matthew Lubis. Kissandra is entering Saginaw Valley University to study Occupational Therapy. Matthew will study business administraSeveral officers of Ch. 189: Secretary Donna Hawes; Treasurer Robert Hawes; Board Chairman Chuck Husbands; Commander Joe Sicinski; Anita Sicinski, Jean Husbands (L-R) The 60+ people in attendance at the Ch.189 event Commander Joe Sicinski of Ch. 189 with In-SookForget, President of Korean American Association of East Florida Rod Phillips, Commander of Vietnam Veterans of America Ch. 140 (L) with Nancy Jung, Secretary, Korean American Association of East Florida, at Ch.189 Appreciation Ceremony Front cover of the Ch. 189 ceremony program

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42 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards tion at Michigan State University. (He was absent from the presentation ceremony due to a previous commitment.) We wish both students good luck with their studies. Our Memorial Day Fund Drive, exchanging Rose of Sharon flowers for donations at Pats Food Center, Freeland, MI, was a huge success. Richard Carpenter, 4915 N. River Rd. Freeland, MI 48623 259 259 CENTRAL INDIANA [IN] CENTRAL INDIANA [IN] We were privileged to learn about the life of a career Army Finance Specialist at the May meeting. Retired U.S. Army Command Sergeant Major Mark Sullivan served 24 years active duty. He then began a second career with Defense Finance Agency, which included a seven-year assignment in South Korea. His description of bringing payrolls to front line troops and commanders for logistic funding in local markets overseas explained the risks of his duty. Guarding and correctly disbursing cash was not always a safe job. He is presently working at the Defense Finance facility in Indiana at the Fort Harrison location. Mark is the son of a World War 2 and Korea veteran. He told of asking his Teacher/Author father to relate his experiences as a U.S. Marine in WW2 and as a U.S. Army Sergeant in Korea in 1952-53, and the battles at Old Baldy.Ž His dad, John J. Sullivan, wrote about those events and Mark put the stories into a book for future Sullivans to appreciate. With Mark was another retired Army Command Sergeant Major, W. Douglas Gibbens, who explained the functions of the Association of the United States Army, of which he is Second Region President. He invited 259 Members to consider the benefits of becoming members and provided applications. Chapter Commander Tine Martin is a member already. In recognition of the June 25, 1950 invasion of South Korea, CID 259 members joined the congregation of the Carmel, Indiana Presbyterian Church for its services. Our chaplain, Bill Barnhill, gave a sermon that was translated by sub-title on video screens. Member Everett Greene, who is a professional vocalist, sang a popular hymn. Richard Haney, Kissandra Fried, her sponsor Lydia Davis, and Richard Redifer, Ch.251 Scholarship Committee Chairman (L-R), at check presentation Richard Haney of Ch. 251 (L) presents check to Ronald Lubis, Matthew Lubiss sponsor, as Richard Redifer (R) looks on Richard Carpenter and Mary Chanity (Front L-R) and Eugene Feinauer, Richard Redifer, and Charles Chanity (Back L-R) conduct Ch. 251 fundraiser Lydia Davis, Richard Haney, and Ann Werele at Ch. 251 June meeting

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43 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 After the service we were addressed by Hannah Kim regarding the funds needed for creating the Wall of Remembrance in Washington, D.C. Members joined the congregation for a delicious meal and good fellowship to close the event. The courtesy and appreciation shown to our group was particularly touching when they reminded us that many of them would not have been born if the U.S. armed forces had not defeated the communists in South Korea. Several of the church members had escaped from North Korea with the help of UN forces. After we left the church service members went to downtown Indianapolis to visit the Indiana State Korean War Memorial and observe the 68th anniversary of the start of the Korean War, June 25, 1950. A charming guest visitor was Hannah Kim, who observed the brief prayer and remembrance ceremony. Chaplain Bill Barnhill offered prayers at the memorial. John Quinn, saggi32@aol.com 264 264 MT. DIABLO [CA] MT. DIABLO [CA] We participated in an Independence Day Parade and a festival in Hercules that was held in honor of all veterans, some of whom were asked to ride through the city on the float that was provided. The parade ended in a park. Thousands of veterans came from San Jose and Sacramento, and some of them wore their former uniforms. During the parade hundreds of flags were distributed to onlookers. A unique aspect of the festival was the singing of God bless America.Ž Few participants probably knew the origin of this famous piece of music written by Irvin Berlin which, in its early years, was often sung at events protesting bigotry. Berlin was a Russian escapee from religious persecution. He wrote the song 25 years after his escape from oppression. He left Russia in 1893, and served in the U.S. Army as a private during WWI. He was posted at Yaphank, NY. Stanley J. Grogan, 2585 Moraga Dr., Pinole, CA 94564 Ch. 259 members and Hannah Kim Everett Greene of Ch. 259 sings at Presbyterian Church John M. Quinn, Everett Greene, Treasurer Thomas Shepherd, Cmdr. Tine Martin, Hannah Kim, Chaplain Bill Barnhill, C. Bernard Huesing, Melvin Butler, Guy Miller and Vice Cmdr. Paul Dickerson at Ch. 259 June 25th observance Bill Barnhill of Ch. 259 at pulpit Overview of members and congregants at Ch. 259 church service

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July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards 44267 267 GENERAL JAMES A. VAN FLEET [FL] GENERAL JAMES A. VAN FLEET [FL] Members attended an Appreciation Night for Korean War VeteransŽ on June 2, 2018 at the Korean Baptist Church of Gainesville. Our Korean friends have been holding this event for 14 years now to thank the Korean veterans for their fight to restore the freedom of the Republic of South Korea. They put on a delicious buffet of Korean and American food, plus a reception and an outstanding entertainment program. Their parishioners have some world class entertainers who perform for us every year. This year we had 48 members and guests, and the Koreans had at least that many, for a combined attendance of over 100 people. Pastor Min Sohn and his assistant, Hee-Sung Bay, ran the event. Pastor Sohn was the greeter and Master of Ceremonies for the church. Ken Sassaman, our Master of Ceremonies, did an excellent job, noting the importance of our getting together this year with the heightened interest in the events taking place in North Korea and the hopes for„finally„a peace treaty after the summit talks. Commander Norm Tankersley thanked our Korean friends and told them how much we appreciate them, as Korea was never the forgotten warŽ to them. Don Sherry introduced our members and they told us about their service while in Korea during or after the war. After dinner, the Koreans put on another talent filled program of musical entertainment for us. They have produced many world classŽ musical artists from their programs over the years. They closed the program with the Gloria Church Choir singing a stirring tribute to the United States armed services, arranged by L. Larson. Everyone had a wonderful time at this magical evening we spend each year with our friends from the Korean Baptist Church of Gainesville. Don Sherry, Adjutant, 352-375-8355, dpskwva@yahoc.com 297 297 PLATEAU [TN] PLATEAU [TN] May was a very busy month. We awarded two $1,000 scholarships to graduating seniors of Cumberland County high schools, did our annual fund raiser selling the Rose of Sharon Flowers, and held our annual Raising of the ColorsŽ on Memorial Day at Fairfield Glade with a very good crowd attending! We always wear our uniforms for these events, are well accepted in the community, and look VERY SHARP.Ž This years winners of the Korean War Veterans annual scholarships are Jordan Houston from Stone Memorial and Nick Stanley Grogan of Ch. 264 (left front) waits with some attendees at the Hercules Senior Center prior to boarding the bus for the July 4th Parade and festivities The program for the Ch. 267 event Members and guests from Ch. 267 enjoy dinner served by Korean Baptist Church members

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The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 Carpenter from CCHS. Ms. Houston plans on studying biochemistry at Tennessee Tech in Cookeville. Mr. Carpenter, recently elected as an officer in the FFA, will study Agriculture and Political Science at UT Martin in Murfreesboro. KWVA members comprising the Scholarship Committee are Cmdr. Gene Stone, Gene Ferris, Jim Morris, and Dick Malsack. Dick Malsack, PIO, 931-707-7292, kaslam2001@yahoo.com 299 299 KOREA VETERANS OF AMERICA [MA] KOREA VETERANS OF AMERICA [MA] Walmart Comes Through Again for us Each year our members have been welcomed by Walmart management in West Boylston, MA to conduct a fundraiser for our charitable activities. Following the event, Certificates of Recognition were presented to our hosts, store manager Benny Apraku-Boateng, and Delmar Sherrill, known locally as Mr. Community Relations. Note that the West Boylston Walmart erected a Wall of HonorŽ featuring the picture of Massachusetts residents who served in the military and those from Central Massachusetts who gave their lives for our country and freedom. (Mr. Sherrill is on it as a former Army Air Corps Lieutenant.) Al McCarthy, mccarthyalberth@gmail.com /Jeff Brodeur, 48 Square Rigger Ln., Hyannis, MA 02601, 617-997-3148, KVAMANE@aol.com 45 Scholarship recipients Jordan Houston (Front, left) and Nick Carpenter with Ch. 297 Scholarship Committee Jim Morris of Ch. 297 relaxes while working the annual sale of the Rose of Sharon during the Pancake Breakfast in Fairfield Glade, TN Cmdr Gene Stone of Ch. 297 calls cadence while members Bobby Phillips, Gene Ferris, and Carroll Reusch assist in posting the colors at the Memorial Day festivities in Fairfield Glade, Tennessee At Ch. 297s annual Memorial Day Fund Raiser in Cumberland County: Cmdr Gene Stone with State Representative Cameron Sexton, who gave us a substantial donation, while in the background, Marsha Blackburn campaigns for the Senate seat being vacated by current Senator Bob Corker Members of Ch. 299 fundraising team: Ed Langevin, Commander; Al McCarthy, Chapter Adjutant & National 2nd Vice President; Bernie Sunrise EagleŽ Martino; and Charley Morris, Sr. Vice. (L-R) Al McCarthy stands in front of Walmart Wall of Honor with managers Delmar Sherrill and Benny Apraku-Boateng (L-R) (PF)

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305 305 CARSON CITY [NV] CARSON CITY [NV] Each year on the anniversary of the beginning of the Korean War the members of the Young-Nak Presbyterian Church of Reno, NV, send an invitation to members of the area KWVA chapters. The members of the Church never forget the Korean War of 1950-1953. All of our congregation appreciates those veterans who participated in the war and fought for Korea and its people. As a token of our appreciation, we invite and welcome those veterans and their family members.Ž The church offers a remembrance ceremony, a terrific luncheon, and entertainment. Several members of our chapter and of Chapter 198, Reno, and their families accepted the invitation and enjoyed a day of camaraderie, fun, and food. Thank you to the Young-Nak Presbyterian Church of Reno. Larry Osborne, Secretary, baagman@msn.com /Larry Reid, Historian & Photographer 314 314 WESTERN CAROLINA [NC] WESTERN CAROLINA [NC] Several members attended a Korean Association of Asheville dinner on June 25, 2018. Fremont V. Brown III, 1434 Brevard Rd., Asheville, NC 28806, 828-777-5326, fremont@fremontbrown.com 319 319 LAWTON [OK] LAWTON [OK] We have had an Annual Recognition of June 25th, when North Korea invaded South Korea. This is the seventh year since the forming of our chapter that we have paid tribute to the men and women who fought in the war and to the veterans who have served from then to present in defense of South Korea. Ms. Sarah Pohawpatchoko sang the national anthem. Also present were the wives of the Comanche Honor Guards. CSM (ret.) Edwin Moody and Ms. In-Suk Pace placed a wreath at the memorial honoring the local veterans who gave their all and to the veterans still serving in defense of South Korea. July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards 46 Commander Bill Lack, Kevin Tiger Bang, Korean Association of Asheville, Treasurer Glenn Richardson, and Leander Parker (L-R) at Ch. 314 dinner Food galore served by the members of the Young-Nak Presbyterian Church of Reno, NV Passing through the chow line at Young-Nak Presbyterian Church gathering Past President B. C. Arenz, Major Jeong (ret.), from the Korean New Light Church, behind Aaron Boone, current President of Ch. 319 (speaking), Lenny Asepermy, Commander of the Comanche Honor Guards, who are holding the flags at Oklahoma ceremony, as Sarah Pohawpatchoko sings national anthem (L-R) National KWVA Fund Raiser Flower Rose of Sharon The Rose of Sharon is the National KWVA fund raising flower. The Rose of Sharon is sold by the dozen. Sample order is 4 doz. @ $12 plus $6.35 S/H. Minimum order is 20 doz. @ $60 plus $12.35 S/H. Orders for 21 to 100 doz. @ $3/doz. plus $16 45 S/H Order for 400 doz. or more qualify for a special discount Write or call: Earl House, 1870 Yakona Rd., Baltimore, MD 21234 Phone 410-661-8950. Make Checks payable to: KWVA Maryland Chapter 33

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The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 47 Reverend Bono…Woong Koo, former Navy Chief of the Korean Chaplains, gave a tribute to all the veterans, both American and Korean service members who gave their lives so South Korea would remain free. He explained the gratitude that South Korea has not only for the veterans who fell during that conflict, but also for those men and women who are still serving in defense of South Korea. He said they will never be forgotten. After the ceremonies all who were present at the rededication were invited to a free lunch at the Korean New Light Church, served by the ladies of the church. During lunch two Korean War veterans who were in combat at the beginning of the hostilities were presented with prestigious flag cases that contained both the American and South Korean flags. Armando Ortega received his case from Rev. K. Jeong and President Aaron Boone. Laroy Arenz received his case from Rev. Jeong and his brother and Past President Bud Arenz. We had a last call honoring seven more of our members who died during the year. To date we have lost 29 of our Korean War members. God bless them all. Bud C. Arenz, P.O. Box 84, Lawton, OK 73502, 580-248-1786 327 327 GEN. JOHN H. MICHAELIS [PA] GEN. JOHN H. MICHAELIS [PA] Marking Flag Day 2018, Chapter 327 was dished up a double treat. Our first treat was making good on our goal of involving the Korean American community to a greater degree in chapter functions. Two pastors and congregations of the Central Pennsylvania Church Association treated members to a delightful selection of typical Korean dishes. Pastor Paul Kim introduced our Korean American friends and described the basic food items. Rev. Inho Kang then said grace in both Korean and English. The foods were attractively presented and served by our guests and equally enjoyed by our members. Our second treat came when KWVAs own Sam Fielder entertained us by reciting several patriotic poems from his collection, Farmer Sams American Dream Poetry. Most appropriate for CSM (ret.) Edwin Moody (L) and Ms. In-Suk Pace place a wreath at the Oklahoma memorial Attendees at Oklahoma observance enjoy chow Rev. Bono… Woong Koo speaks to Oklahoma audience BELOW: Armando Ortega (L) receives flag case from President Aaron Boone (C) of Ch. 319 and Rev. K. Jeong Laroy Arenz (L) accepts flag case from his brother Bud (C) and Rev. K. Jeong

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July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards 48 Flag Day were his selections, Our Flag,Ž Heroes Like You,Ž and The Forgotten War,Ž among others. Sam was at the podium about 45 minutes. Like others who have heard Sam perform at our national forums, we were astonished at his stamina and remarkable ability to recite so much poetry from memory. It goes without saying that Sam had a very appreciative audience. Paul H. Cunningham, President, 717-299-1990, pcunningham1841@verizon.net 328 328 LOS ANGELES [CA] LOS ANGELES [CA] We were invited to the Hite Jinro Companies golf tournament to accept a generous donation to our chapter. We will share our good fortune with the National KWVA. One of the highlights was a delicious luncheon featuring Korean BBQ Ribs and kimchee. Company president Mr. Hwang was proud to be a sponsor of the KWVA, as he appreciates our efforts to keep the memories of the Korean War fresh in the minds of the American people Joe Wong, joethe417@yahoo.com Rev. Inho Kang says grace at Ch. 327 meeting Sam Fielder recites poetry for Ch. 327 audience Standing in front of almost 100 golf carts prior to Hite Jinro Companies golf tournament and displaying facsimile of the donation check to Ch. 328 are Jungho Hwang, Chapter President Robert Son, Joseph Wong, Tommy Yamamoto, and Davelin Wilson (L-R) Davelin Wilson, Joseph Wong, and Robert Son of Ch. 328 (L-R) display gift packages at golf tournament Davelin Wilson, VP of the Hite Jinro Companies, Jungho Hwang, the president of the Hite Jinro Wine and Spirit Company of Korea, Joseph Wong, and Ch. 328 President Bob Son (L-R) at golf tournament Quote Living history is one thing, but you must do something with it.Ž (Monika Stoy)

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The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 49 329 329 TIBOR RUBIN MEDAL OF HONOR [NV TIBOR RUBIN MEDAL OF HONOR [NV ] ] Korean War veterans welcomed home and honored at dedication of Korean War Veterans Memorial The Korean War Veterans Memorial was unveiled under a clear blue sky on March 3, 2018 to a crowd of 350 veterans, residents, Koreans, and dignitaries at the Southern Nevada Veterans Memorial Cemetery. The memorial honors those who served in the Korean War, including the 37 Nevadans who lost their lives. The 9,125 Korean War veterans buried at the memorial cemetery and the 37 Nevadans were welcomed home with their own memorial. Since 1950 I made a promise to these vets that I would bring them home. I envisioned that one day we could welcome home my brother vets with a place for their loved ones and fellow soldiers to sit and grieve, meditate and salute their service. Up until this point these vets didnt have a place here memorizing those lives lost in the war,Ž said Commander Chuck Johnson. The memorial was designed and built by the chapter and financed by the Las Vegas Korean community and many donations by families, friends, and brother veterans. The memorial commemorates the sacrifices of the 9,125 service members who are buried at the memorial cemetery and who served in the U.S. armed forces during the Korean War. The war was one of the most hard fought in our history. From June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953, 36,574 Americans died in the freezing cold battlefields of the Korean Peninsula. Some 7,800 are listed as missing in action or lost or buried at sea; six of them are Nevadans. Another 103,284 were wounded during the conflict. The dedication ceremony included the singing of the U.S. national anthem, by Christy Molasky, and the Korean national anthem, by Eun Hee Kim. Guest speakers included Kat Miller, Director of Nevada Department of Veterans Services, Belinda Morse, Chairwoman of Honor Flight of Southern Nevada, Oliver Lee, Las Vegas Korean Association, Congresswoman Jacky Rosen, 3rd District NV, and Colonel Tom Czech, USMC Retired. The keynote speaker was Consulate General of the Republic of Korea Kim Wan-Joong. Representatives from U.S. Senator Catherine Cortez Masto, NV and Congresswoman Dina Titus, 1st District NV, attended. The highlight of the program was the reading of the names of the 37 service members from Nevada who paid the ultimate price for their country. The names were read by Judy Ariola and Iris Keels, Chapter 329 Ladies Auxiliary, and backed by Taps,Ž performed by Larry Ranson and the Trumpeters. Judy Ariola & Iris Keels of the Ch. 329 Ladies Auxiliary read names of 37 service members from Nevada who paid the ultimate price for their country The Ch. 329 Korean War Veterans Memorial shortly after unveiling Commander Chuck Johnson of Ch. 329 being interviewed by Channel 3 News, KSNV Las Vegas, Kyndell Nunley and cameraman Noberto Fidel Diaz, Ch. 329, leads the audience in the Pledge of Allegiance with the JROTC Honor Guard from Palo Verde High School, Las Vegas, NV

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50 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Our Board of Directors, comprising Chuck Johnson, Commander, US Army 1950-1952, 1st Vice Commander, Larry A. Bacon, US Air Force 1952-1953, 2nd Vice Commander Lee W. Mowery, US Air Force 1951-1952, Adjutant Larry Kohlieber, US Air Force 1951-1953, Secretary Hank Sawicki, US Army 1951-1952, Treasurer Fidel Diaz, US Army 1950, Scuttlebutt Editor Stanley M. Croonquist, USMC 1953-1954, and Sergeant-at-Arms Mack Macalino, USMC 1953-1954, closed the ceremony by laying a commemorative wreath in front of the memorial monument. The memorial featured a monument weighing 7,220-pounds, resting benches, brickwork and walkways. Now there is a place where our brothers resting here at the cemetery can be welcomed home and honored. That was my purpose,Ž said Commander Johnson. Fidel Diaz reflected, We are honoring those that are here and those that never made it back. The memorial recognizes that the Korean War veterans are not forgotten.Ž John Diaz, Director of Public Relations, 702-3725099, JohnDiaz702@aol.com DEPARTMENTS HAWAII HAWAII The 68th Anniversary of the Korean War Memorial Service was held on June 25, 2018, at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific at Punchbowl. Mr. Jimmy Shin, President of KWVA Aloha chapter, in partnership with the Korean Informational Association Corp. and the National Cultural Festival for Peaceful Unification of Korea, organized an elaborate program that included a Korean opera singer who sang Arirang, USMC band, a bagpiper, memorial medal to every veteran, free lunch at a Korean restaurant, and dinner at a private mansion. Stan Fujii, stan_fujii@hotmail.com NEW YORK NEW YORK We held a memorial service at the Gerald B.H. Solomon National Cemetery in Saratoga, NY during the NY State Department Conference. Carol Waldron, cwald36709@aol.com Display of colors at Punchbowl KWVA wreath bearers James AceŽ Kaleohano and Sam Belen at Hawaii ceremony Purple Heart wreath bearers Robert Young, Thomas Tsuha and Thomas Tanaka at Punchbowl commemoration USMC bagpiper at Hawaii event President of KWVA HI Chap 1 Herbert Schreiner and City Councilman Ron Menor at Punchbowl Alexah Bedard, great granddaughter of Ch. 60 Chaplain Paul OKeefe (C), and Scott Lamb, Director of the Solomon National Cemetery, at memorial service Some of the NY State membership who participated in the memorial service at the Jerry Solomon National Cemetery

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51 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018

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Every year, all across the nation, Americans pause on Memorial Day to honor those members of the military who have died in the service of their country. We present in this annual section a round-up of services attended and/or conducted by chapters and individual members of the KWVA. 25 … GREATER CHICAGO [IL] We participated in the Chicago Memorial Day Parade on May 26, 2018. This annual event, usually held on the last Saturday in May, is one of the largest attractions honoring the countrys war dead„and all veterans. Our members are proud to participate in this timely event and we are fortunate to negotiate a far forward position among the hundreds of younger and more physically capable parade marchers. There are only a few of us still able to march the mile down State Street. The hundreds of spectators are always appreciative with the cheering and saluting of the Forgotten WarŽ veterans. For those unable to march, the Troop Trolley is available following the banner marchers. Charles Simokaitis, 1211 Potter Rd., Park Ridge, IL 60068, 847-698-7372 MEMORIAL DAY 2018 MEMORIAL DAY 2018 State Street crowds receiving a joyous wave from KWVA VetsŽ in Chicago Ch. 25 banner bearers Steve Weber (L) and Rich Agemura lead the chapter down State Street (that Great StreetŽ) in Chicago A few Ch. 25 non-marchers aboard Troop TrolleyŽ Commander Charles Simokaitis of Ch. 25 receives final inspection from Norm Sachman before stepping off Troop TrolleyŽ in Chicago Ch. 25 members passing historic Chicago Theater on State Street Chicago parade participants from Ch. 25 prior to the parade: Steve Weber, Ed Krohn, Charles Simokaitis, Tom Bezouska, Norm Sacbman, Walt Malinskowski, Don Glasell, Tony Bezouska, Guest, Rich Agemura, Ed Bolan, Bob Bezouska 52 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Flag bearer Charles Simokaitis leads Ch. 25 Color Guard comprising Ed Krohn, Ed Bojan, and Don Glasell in Chicago parade

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55 … NASSAU COUNTY #1 [NY] American Legion Post 1711 of Levitttown, NY sponsored the local parade, which is over two miles long. This year they had a float for the veterans and family members who preferred riding to walking. Robert P. OBrien, 408 Fifth Ave., Cedarhurst, NY 11516 60 … ADIRONDACK [NY] As part of the Memorial Day Parade held in Glens Falls, NY, we held a memorial service at The Crandall Park Memorial. Robert BobŽ Garland was the keynote speaker. Carol Waldron, cwald36709@aol.com 131 … NORTHWEST OHIO [OH] We took part in Toledos Memorial Day Parade and wreath-laying activities. Secretary Charles Jones and John Dixon placed wreaths at memorials. William Lyzan, 2429 Norma Pl., Northwood, OH 43619 170 … TAEJON [NJ] Commander and National Director George Bruzgis led our annual Memorial Day observance on May 27th. Twelve Korean War veterans participated in the event, which took place in front of the Korean War Monument erected in 2000. Commander Bruzgis welcomed the people who showed up to honor military men and women who gave their all to our country. Since it had rained during the night, and there was a threat of more all day, the ceremony started at 12:30 p.m. The Township of Saddle Brook, NJ provided the Police Color Guard and its fire department furnished the bugler for Taps, played by Anthony Halko, Jr. During the national anthem chapter member Erwin Burkett lowered the flag to half-staff. Then Chaplain Robert Domanoski offered an opening prayer, followed by a moment of silence. Our main speaker was NJ State Senator Joseph Lagana, 38th District. Contingent from Ch. 55 participates in Memorial Day parade: (Front, L-R) Charlie Bours, Dick Doster, Helen OBrien, Robert OBrien; (Back, L-R) Arnie Barletta, Larry OLeary Continued 53 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018Commander Charlie Bours (L), Dick Doster (C), and Robert OBrien of Ch. 55 reading names of deceased members of chapter at Memorial Day observance The float provided by American Legion Post 1711 for veterans to ride during Memorial Day Parade Wreaths placed at Toledo, OH monument on Memorial Day 2018 Charles Jones (L) and John Dixon of Ch. 131 place wreath at Korean War Memorial in Toledo, OH Roger Calkins, Commander of Ch. 60 (L), at memorial service with Bob Garland Speaker Joseph Lagana (L) and George Bruzgis at Ch. 170 event Robert Domanoski (L) and Erwin Burkett of Ch. 170, who played significant roles in the Memorial Day event

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Present at the ceremony were Saddle Brook Mayor Robert White, Police Chief Robert Kugler, Church Elder Mr. Kyu Ho Park, of the Korean Methodist Church of Paramus, NJ (as always), and eight Korean War veterans from his church. Five wreaths were placed at the monument by VFW Chapter 3484, American Legion Post 415, Saddle Brook Town Council, Korean Methodist Church of Paramus, and our chapter. The long parade followed„through a slight drizzle. After the parade ended we enjoyed refreshments at the VFW Post. Many of our Korean War veterans are members of the post. Louis Quagliero, 142 Illinois Ave., Paterson, NJ 07503 172 … HANCOCK COUNTY [OH] On May 28th, we participated in the City of Findlays Memorial Day parade. Larry Monday, Secretary, 419-387-7532, mondayL9@aol.com 251 … SAGINAW-FRANKENMUTH [MI] We participated in Memorial Day activities, including a parade. Richard Carpenter, 4915 N. River Rd., Freeland, MI 48623 Ch. 172 reps at Findlay, OH parade (Front) Paul McDaniel; (Back, L-R) Bob Perkins and Bob Zellers July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards 54 Joseph Louis, Walter Amos, Jr. Vice Commander Henry Ferrarini, and George Rothfritz of Ch. 170 (L-R) at Memorial Day observance Don VanRenterghem of Ch. 172 at Findlay, OH parade Elder Kyu Ho Park and church members, including eight Korean War veterans, at Ch. 170 ceremony Wreaths surround Ch. 170s monument Historian for Ch. 170, Louis Quagliero, stands by Korean War Monument Miniature U.S. Army jeep leads Memorial Day Parade at Frankenmuth, MI Veterans, including many Ch. 251 members, aboard trailer in Frankenmuth, MI parade

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55 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 264 … MT. DIABLO [CA] We combined with Chapter 1525 of the VFW to sponsor a joint Memorial Day program. We distributed free water to people who requested it. In attendance were Stan and Mary Grogan, John Cintrzak, Kathleen Farley, Pete Loechner, and Ken and Pat Rishell. Stanley J. Grogan, 2585 Moraga Dr., Pinole, CA 94564 270 … SAM JOHNSON [TX] Nineteen members attended a Memorial Day Ceremony in Garland, TX on May 28th. The event was held at the Garland Texas Senior Center. A special plaque honoring a Garland resident killed in service to his country was on display at the center. Members registered for the event with the assistance of Doyle Dykes, 2nd Vice President of the chapter. Our Color Guard opened and closed the ceremony. Richard Sanchez has coordinated color guard activities in the chapter for the past twelve years. Jim Bradshaw spoke about the Sam Johnson Chapter. He explained their meetings, activities, and involvement at the Veterans Affairs facilities in Texas. Robert SkiŽ Wojciechowski spoke about the importance of this remembrance and the pride he felt from attending this ceremony. Activities included a lunch for the veterans and their guests. All involved felt this was one of the best organized ceremonies they had ever attended. Joe Seiling, joeseiling.debbie@gmail.com 299 … KOREA WAR VETS OF AMERICA [MA] We and members of Ch. 300, Korean War Veterans of Massachusetts, placed bouquets at the Massachusetts Korean War Memorial and Massachusetts Korean Defense Service Memorial in the Charlestown Navy Yard, which is home to the USS Constitution aka Old Ironsides.Ž There were about 50 attendees at the ceremony, including new Boston Korean Consul General Yonghyon Kim and staff. Mrs. Louis Pelosi, whose husband was at the Chosin Reservoir, and who Korean Consul General Kim (Back, Center) observes Memorial Day with Ch. 299 members Many attendees at the Clayton, CA Memorial Day observance stay out of the sun Members of Ch. 264 at Clayton, CA event Color guard members of Ch. 270: Ernest Bousquet, Richard Sanchez, Jim Bradshaw, Jerry Kasten, and Billy Joe Denten (L-R) Robert SkiŽ Wojciechowski speaks at Ch. 270 ceremony LEFT: Lou Stefano and Fred Carpes of Ch. 300 at Charlestown, MA ceremony KWVA members gathered at Charlestown, MA for commemoration Continued on page 76

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56 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Where were you on July 27th? [This is another installation in a continuing series of Where were you on July 27, 1953?Ž The series can only continue if you send your remembrances of that day. It doesnt matter where you were: back at home by that time, en route to Korea, on the front lines, on R&Rƒwe would like to know where you were, what you were doing, how you reacted, etc. Send your stories to us at: Arthur G. Sharp, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573.] I left, so did the Chinese I arrived in Korea in mid-July 1951 and was assigned to the 5th Cavalry Regiment. My unit participated in Old Baldy. I stayed on with the unit for two tours in the Land of the Rising Sun. I left Pusan on the Marine Lynx for home around the 24th of July 1953 and there I was on July 27, 1953 when the news on the ships loudspeaker made the announcement that the armistice had been signed. Amazingly the news didnt create a ripple of emotion among the troops on board. I do recall that I thought the Chinese didnt get me and gave up the cause. Pell Johnson, pelljo@centurylink.net Preparing for the parties My unit, the 21st Bn AAA Btry D, assigned to the 25th Div., was relieved on line to a reserve area the second week of July. The unit consisted of M16 half-tracks with quad 50 cal. machine guns. All our batteries looked alike. We traveled around like gypsies. The 21st Bn. had four batteries, plus an HQ battery. Each battery had two platoons. Each platoon had eight half-tracks. The 21st had 64 half-tracks. That amounts to 256 50 cal. machine guns, which translates into a lot of fire-power„and a lot of noise. We did not have any ear protection. If you survived, you had a hearing loss or became deaf. The rumors of the end of the war had been flying around for some time. Being in the reserve area meant hot cooked food and hot showers, along with time to visit with other members of the unit. Being in reserve gave me time to exploit my alternate MOS, DOG ROBBER,Ž and gather a stock of beverages for the coming celebration. There was a motor pool at this location where we could have our tracks overhauled. In back was a large pile of damaged vehicles that were used for spare parts. This was a great place for me to hide the party favors I was collecting. Some of the folks in the motor pool led me to places on the vehicles to hide the loot. For this help they received first pick for their party. The cease fire was official at 10 p.m. We had a number of parties that night, and visited most of them. Everyone was pleased that the patrols were over. If a reader recognizes someone from the photos, please pass the names on to me. Happy 65th anniversary. Jim Low, 114 Wembridge Dr., E. Syracuse, NY 13057, 315-437-0833 Jim Low (L) and comrades celebrate the cease fire by singing four-part harmony like the Four Freshmen„after a number of beers, Three Feathers, and Four Roses whiskeys. Boy, did we sound good. We turned down a record deal; we were too busy,Ž Low said facetiously. The cease fire started at 10 p.m. The soldier in the bed started celebrating at lunch. He missed supper and the real party. The other two, thinking they were Gene Kelly and Fred Astaire, danced the night away, soon to join their buddy. They were drinking GI cocktails, i.e., pour half the soda out of the bottle and replace it with booze. C Btry of the 21st Bn AAA. My guess is that they stopped to reload, and the soldier standing on the hood is watching for the bad guys.Ž I was in the former group.

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57 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018New trucks get old quickly During July of 1953, I was serving as Battery Exec Officer of B Battery of the 933rd AAA AW Battalion, stationed in Inchon. On July 19th, an agreement covering all issues concerning the truce was reached, and for a limited period of time, UN troops were allowed access into the new demilitarized zone. Simultaneously, my battalions mission to protect the port of Inchon from aerial attacks became history. On July 26th, I wrote to my wife that I had been detailed to take ten men and haul 105mm & 155mm howitzer ammo to ROKA battalions of the 5th FA Gp,, located north of Chunchon, about 5 miles south of Sabangori, and to retrieve brass artillery shell casings from the demilitarized zone. Two other lieutenants and men from other units were on this assignment and we had about 50 2-ton trucks, all of them almost brand new. We had our share of troubles. One trucks (automatic) transmission broke down at a point that was under enemy observation and within mortar and artillery range. Another turned over on its way back, but it was empty. A third caught on fire because the driver left the emergency brake on, a fourths brakes broke down, and another had an ordinary flat. Fortunately, the North Koreans and Chinese did not add to our troubles and nobody was hurt. However, the ROKA battalion that received our ammunition was shelled the next morning, and an area we had gone through that evening was shelled just after we got our last truck out. So, we were pretty lucky. Now the whole thing is over. No quarters were available and weve been sleeping in trucks and washing in a creek all week. Tomorrow morning (July 27th) theyre supposed to sign the truce. Were in a pretty little valley and its quiet and peaceful. It doesnt smell here„all the civilians with their honey wagons had long been evacuated. For the last four days, we have been expecting to return to Inchon, but they wouldnt let us go. On July 29th we drove for two hours through some of the most rugged country Ive seen: nothing but mountains and valleys without a 50-yard stretch of straight road. I drove one of the trucks myself. On the 30th, I got back homeŽ to Inchon. The atmosphere in Inchon after the armistice went into effect was surreal. The treaty was not endorsed by Syngman Rhee and was generally unpopular with our South Korean allies, who did not want a divided nation. Reprisals were not entirely unexpected, but to the best of my knowledge, did not occur. As soldiers of the 933rd, we had carried loaded carbines whenever we left the safety of our compound. And we had worked alongside of Transportation Corps troops who hadnt even been issued any arms. That had changed by the time I returned from the demilitarized zone. Transportation Corps troops were now armed. It was rumored at the time that we had saved the government about $150,000 by retrieving the brass. About a month later, I rotated back to the states and returned to civilian life. Benjamin K. Raphael, LTC, USAR (ret), 727 Art Lane, Newark, DE 19713, (302) 368-3969, benraphael@msn.com And I should listen to the North Koreans why? I was with the 25th Infantry Division, 64th Field Artillery, during 1953. Before the war ended we were in combat until the North and South leaders met. During the meeting I was in the meeting building as the permanent groups arrived. I had my 45 caliber sub-machine gun with me while I stood guard at the incoming door. The North Koreans yelled at me because I had my machine gun on my shoulder. I would not leave it outside. A U.S. Army Captain came over and told me to stand on the outside of the building as a guard„with my machine gun. Yes, I did what he asked. I ended my two-year stint with the Army with the Bronze Star, Korean Service Medal, United Nations Service Medal, Republic of Korean War Service Medal, and Korean Defense Service Medal. Edward Harook, 9640 Huttenlocker Rd., Munith, MI 49259 My lucky tour in Korea I was in the 40th Div., 223 Inf. Regt. I arrived in Korea via Pusan by the Naktong River. In July 1953 the 40th had a defensive position at the Punchbowl until July 10th, when it was relieved by the ROK 20th Division. The Sandbag Castle and Heartbreak Ridge sectors received heavy fire on July 27, 1953, with a four-hour period of 470 enemy mortar rounds on our position. We returned 1,100 rounds. Prior to this our F-86s shot down 13 MiGs. By days end it was all over: truce signed Anthony J. Casaccio, 164 Bedford G, West Palm Beach, FL 33417, 561-640-9671, tcasa26@yahoo.com Anthony Casaccio in Korea Anthony Casaccio displays newspaper announcing truce

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58 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Feedback/Return Fire This section of The Graybeards is designed to provide feedback„and generate more feedback. It gives readers the opportunity to respond to printed stories, letters, points of view, etc., without having to write long-winded replies. Feel free to respond to whatever you see in the magazine. As long as its tasteful and non-political, we will be happy to include it. If you want to submit ideas, c riticisms, etc. that you prefer not to see in print„ with your name attached to it„then we will honor that. Make sure to let us know, though. Mail your Return FireŽ to the Feedback EditorŽ at 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573-7141; E-mail it to: sharp_arthur_g@sbcglobal.net, or phone it in to (813) 614-1326. Whatever the medium you choose, we welcome your input. So Atomic AnnieŽ was in Korea after all? I served in Korea from November 1952 to June 11, 1953. I was an MP in Kumwha Valley. We had sixteen miles to patrol, with a check-point on each end. Just outside Chunchon, on the road going toward the line, I was on patrol with a Korean MP. I was asked to escort the 280mm. cannon, aka the atomic cannon. It was some time in the spring of 1953. As I remember the battery had two units, one with a cradle on one truck and a gun loaded on the other. The trucks were too heavy for the bridges, so they had to go down through streams and rivers. Charles J. Sommer, 519 MP Bn., Co. A, Forward Platoon, 8th Army, 146 S. 2nd Ave., Mechanicsville, NY 12118, 518-664-8424. EDITORS NOTE: This is a strong piece of evidence that Atomic Annie,Ž aka the atomic cannon, was in Korea during the 1950-53 period. We have been debating its role in the war for a couple years, and the discussion is at the center of the fast-selling book, Atomic Cannons and Nuclear Weapons: A Mystery of the Korean War. Ž You can order your signed copy by sending $22 to: Arthur G. Sharp, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573. The $22 includes the cost of the book, shipping, and handling. The author donates $2 from each purchase price to the Wall of Remembrance Fund. IkesŽ visit to Korea The Atomic Cannons and Nuclear Weapons: A Mystery of the Korean WarŽ account of President-elect Eisenhowers visit to Korea in 1952 brings to mind an amusing story that took place when he landed there. His arrival at the airport in Korea was scheduled for 10 a.m. He was flying in aboard a small plane, and the weather was frigid. In typical Army fashion the troops and the band assigned to greet him were assembled at 6 a.m. They were standing in the cold for hours. The band members had to disassemble instruments to keep them warm. Some of them placed parts under their armpits, a la the Tootsie Rolls used to plug bullet holes by the Marines at Chosin Reservoir, to protect them. Ten a.m. arrived; IkeŽ didnt. The troops continued to freeze until 11:30 a.m., when his plane finally appeared on the horizon. The musicians hastily reassembled their instruments and prepared to greet Ike. They struck up the bandŽ as the president-elect stepped off the plane. The effects on the instruments were highly noticeable. What the band members produced was as far from music as an L6 plane was from a B-29. It was cacophonous, like a three-piece kindergarten band equipped with kazoos would sound playing a Beethoven symphony. They tried, but all everyone could do was laugh. That included Ike,Ž who may have been laughing loudest of all„but not enough to drown out the band. As told by former Stars & Stripes reporter Bob Black, a 2d ID .57mm Recoilless Rifleman during the Korean War. In North Korea by accident I enjoyed reading Atomic Cannons and Nuclear Weapon: A Mystery of the Korean War. It was quite interesting. I was with several artillery units, but I never saw Atomic Annie.Ž I was in Korea 1951-52 and my job kept me moving all over the peninsula, including North Korea twice„once by accident. I often wondered about atomic weapons of some sort in Korea but, of course, never knew about where or if„and I guess I still dont for sure. Herbert J. Lakebrink, 323 Marguerite St., Union, MO 63084 Was there germ warfare in Korea? I enjoyed reading your book. I didn`t realize that there was more than one atomic cannon and half of our chapter members didn`t even know that there was such a thing. I know that you are a very busy person and you do a great job with the Graybeards,Ž but I wondered in your searches for material if you ever found anything on germ warfare. I took my basic training in 1952 at Fort Campbell, KY, where there was an area called the Birdcage with four rows of barbwire around it. The rumor was that they were working on germ warfare to be used in Korea. I always wondered about that. George Piggott, President, Tri … State Chapter 126, pjeangeor@aol.com EDITORS NOTE: If anyone has information about germ warfare in the Korean War, please let us know. We hear sometimes about ABC training for troops during the war. Why would such training be provided if there werent a reason for it? Could atomic, biological, or chemical agents have been responsible for the deaths of the Chinese soldiers referenced below? Who knows?

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59 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 To MIA families When Ethel Meininger ordered a copy of Atomic Cannonsƒ she included a heartwarming note aimed the families of MIA personnel that she wrote in March 2015. She speaks from firsthand experience. Her husband James was a U.S. Marine who served with H/1/1, 1st Marine Division. He was MIA but located eventually at Oakland Naval Hospital. He was the only survivor of a battle in Korea. She wrote: Think of him as being on a long, rough journey In the storms the seas were rough But then they calmed as he drifted around Then he saw the land in the distance Was it real? There you are waiting on the land Your table was set, waiting for his return home Many years later„over 60 years. He will not tell you the whole story But he has returned Be at peace. Ethel Meininger, 5424 Woodruff Farm Rd. Apt. B210, Columbus, GA 31907, 970-461-1248 Divine intervention? The May-June 2018 issue of The GraybeardsŽ was one of the most interesting ever. Ive been very active, as you know, in debunking a number of outrageous statements in letters in past issues, but Im stymied by the quote from Hub Grays book. Theres no way I can accept this scenario as reality, but so much detail is provided it is not easy for me to call it pure fantasy. There is no reasonable explanation for the scene as described. Divine interventionŽ is ludicrous. Even instant freezing is not an option. Is this a credible writer? If this was witnessed by so many men why has there been no publicity? Im in a quandary as many readers must be also. This is the strangest account Ive ever seen in any issue of The Graybeards.Ž The excerpt from Hub Grays book describing the phantasmagoria involving the 56 dead Chinese soldiers defies the imagination. It is reminiscent of Hieronoymus Boschs paintings of hell or some of Edgar Allan Poes works. In the past this inveterate skeptic has had little difficulty debunking outrageous statements, but in this case it is not as easy because of the minute details provided in the description. Neither my friends nor I have been able to supply a reasonable explanation for this ghastly scenario, so I am forced to challenge its authenticity and label it as a gigantic hoax. It lacks plausibility on its face. I emailed the author for more information and have not received a reply. I question the statement that these men could be sitting at attention.Ž What happened to the officers internal organs? Why would the Chinese create such a special unit? The CO, though dead, was apparently still standing, a remarkable feat. Was the Princess Patricia Canadian Light Infantry unique in not having access to a combat photographer who could have recorded the scene for posterity? But the clincher for me was the disclosure that there was no mention of the incident in the unit diary, an unforgivable omission if that had happened. Word of this eerie scene, allegedly witnessed by an entire platoon, would have spread throughout the regiment and beyond and could not have escaped the media. Nothing in my over nine decades of life has prepared me to accept something like this as possible. If someone on LSD had described it for me, I would be inclined to believe his report, but when someone purportedly sober describes it, that is another matter. The best one can say is that it might qualify as low-grade fiction. Bob Hall, rdhall1925@yahoo.com EDITORS COMMENT: What can I say? I agree that the story sounds strange. But, I cannot refute what the writer, who fought with the Canadians in Korea, recounted. That is one of the reasons we print such accounts in The Graybeards: to solicit readers opinions, information, rebuttals, substantiations et al. I am not going to reject out of hand what a veteran wrote. I can only hope that other veterans clarify, corroborate, refute...And, such stories are great for generating feedback. Re: The Meaning of the Flag-Draped coffin The article which appeared in the May-June 2018 issue may lead some readers to believe that 21 gun salutes are a routine part of military funerals, when this honor is actually reserved for visiting heads of state, royalty, and other designated dignitaries and occasions. Military funerals often include a seven-member rifle team firing three volleys, which is largely misconstrued as a 21-gun salute. It could also be noted that most non-cremated human remains today are placed in caskets, not coffins. A coffin is an eight-sided container, widest at the shoulders and narrowest at the feet. Needless to say, a flag would not drape well over a coffin. Don Barnes, barnzy@verizon.net Clearing the air after the 21-gun salute I dispute some of the facts in your article about the flagdraped coffin and the 21-gun salute. I have served on the Moline [IL] American Legion Honor Guard for over 15 years. We have always fired only three times at military funerals, not a 21-gun salute. Yes, 1776 adds up to 21, but that is not the reason to believe we do 21-gun salutes at each funeral. I consider firing 21 times is wrong. We only fire three times, regardless of the number of people participating as Honor Guard. Lucius J. Vargas, 3709 26th St., Moline, IL NOTE: Mr. Vargas is correct. The idea of 1776 adds up to 21 is rebutted by snopes.com, for example. The 21-gun salute is often confused with the symbolic act of firing three volleys at military funerals, but these are two completely different rituals. The 21-gun saluteŽ is, as the name states, a salute (i.e., an expression of welcome, goodwill, or respect), and

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60 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards in that context the word gunŽ refers to naval guns or artillery pieces (typically cannon), not firearms. The firing of three (rifle) volleys at military funerals is technically not a salute, but a funereal custom, perhaps derived from a superstition of discharging firearms to frighten evil spirits away from the grave, or possibly a recreation of the act of firing three volleys to signal the end of a temporary truce (called to allow each side to clear their dead and wounded from the battlefield). Even when a military funeral detail includes seven members (each of whom fires his rifle a total of three times), this ritualistic act is something distinctly different and separate from the custom of saluting dignitaries by firing 21 guns in their honor.Ž (See https://www.snopes.com/factcheck/21-gun-salute/:) Barbara Mikkelson While we are on the subject we will add a couple other pieces of history from the Arlington National Cemetery website. Practice of firing three rifle volleys over the grave: This practice originated in the old custom of halting the fighting to remove the dead from the battlefield. Once each army had cleared its dead, it would fire three volleys to indicate that the dead had been cared for and that they were ready to go back to the fight. The fact that the firing party consists of seven riflemen firing three volleys does not constitute a 21-gun salute. Origin of the 21-Gun Salute The tradition of saluting can be traced to the Middle Ages practice of placing oneself in an unarmed position and, therefore, in the power of those being honored. The cannon salute might have originated in the 17th century with the maritime practice of demanding that a defeated enemy expend its ammunition and render itself helpless until reloaded „ a time-consuming operation in that era. In the Anglo-Saxon Empire, seven guns was a recognized naval salute, seven being the standard number of weapons on a vessel. Because more gunpowder could be stored on dry land, forts could fire three rounds for every one fired from sea, hence the number 21. With the improvement of naval gunpowder, honors rendered at sea were increased to 21 as well. Beginning in our colonial period, the United States fired one shot for each state in the Union. This was continued until 1841 when it was reduced to 21 from 26. Although it had been in use for more than 30 years, the 21-gun salute was not formally adopted until Aug. 18, 1875. This was at the suggestion of the British, who proposed a Gun for Gun Return to their own 21-gun salute. Origin of the 21-Gun International Salute All personal salutes may be traced to the prevailing use in earlier days: to ensure that the saluter placed himself in an unarmed position, and virtually in the power of the saluted. This may be noted in the dropping of the point of the sword, presenting arms, firing cannon and small arms, lowering sails, manning the yards, removing the headdress or laying on oars. Salute by gunfire is an ancient ceremony. The British for years compelled weaker nations to render the first salute; but in time, international practice compelled gun for gun on the principle of equality of nations. In the earliest days, seven guns was the recognized British national salute. Here again we see that the number seven had a mystical significance. In the Eastern civilization, seven was a sacred number: astronomy listed the seven planets, the moon changed every seven days, the earth was created in seven days, every seventh year was a sabbatical year, and the seven times seventh year was a jubilee year. Those early regulations stated that although a ship would fire only seven guns, the forts ashore could fire three shots (again the mystical three) to each one shot afloat. In that day, powder of sodium nitrate was easier to keep on shore than at sea. In time, when the quality of gunpowder improved by the use of potassium nitrate, the sea salute was made equal to the shore salute; 21 guns as the highest national honor. Although for a period of time, monarchies received more guns than republics, eventually republics gained equality. There was much confusion because of the varying customs of maritime states, but finally the British government proposed to the United States a regulation that provided for salutes to be returned gun for gun. The British at that time officially considered the international salute (to sovereign states) to be 21 guns, and the United States adopted the 21 guns and gun for gun return, Aug.18, 1875. Previous to this time our national salute had been variable: one gun for each state of the Union. This practice was partly a result of usage, for John Paul Jones saluted France with 13 guns at Quiberon Bay in 1778 when the Stars and Stripes received its first salute. The practice was not officially authorized until 1810. When India was part of the British empire, the king-emperor would receive an Imperial salute of 101 guns. Unless rendered to a president or the flag of a republic, 21 guns is called a Royal Salute in the British Isles, and even then it is called (colloquially) royal in the British Commonwealth. In short, it would be said of the president of the United States, if saluted in Canada, that he received a royal salute. The United States also has an extra-special ceremony known as the Salute to the Nation, which consists of one gun for each of the 50 states. The mimic war is staged only at noon on the Fourth of July at American military ports, although it has been given on a few other occasions, such as the death of a president. The Navy full-dresses ships and fires 21 guns at noon on the Fourth of July and Feb. 22. On Memorial Day, all ships and naval stations fire a salute of 21-minute guns and display the ensign at half-mast from 8:00 a.m. until completion of the salute. *Retired Navy Vice Adm. Leland P. Lovette, Naval Customs Traditions and Usages, 4th ed., (Banta Co: Menasha, Wisconsin, 1960). And the debate goes on. Re Captain Stamford I have a few comments on the article. I served with the Tank Company 32nd Infantry Regiment, 7th ID from August 1951 to March 1952. At this time there were no survivors of the Chosin campaign left in the regiment. Receiving a message that there was a 32nd Association in 1989 I became a member and was happy to join a meeting with many survivors of Chosin, including Ed Stamford, who became a very dear friend who discussed the

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61 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 events and his survival in Nov Dec 50. He was a Marines Marine, but attended only the reunions of the 32nd Infantry Regiment and not the Marines reunions. He said to me, This is my outfit.Ž A few corrections: 27,000 7th Division troops dug in for the night. The 7th ID had a head count of 16,000 troops that included 6,000 KATUSA that were untried, untrained fillers for the division. The 1st Marine Division had an over-strength head count of 25,000 that General O P Smith kept so tightly grouped in his regiments that he refused to release them to assist the 3,288-menber Task Force Faith in its surrounded position across the Chosin Reservoir. The 17th Infantry Regiment was at the Yalu River on the China border, so it could offer no assistance. Thank God for Ed Stamford and his TACP calling in Marine Corsairs to support the Task Force. In the end the Task Force suffered 90 percent casualties and in a Morning Report in January at Taegu there were only about 100 fit for duty.Ž I have attached a letter from Ed Stamford after he and his wife attended the graduation of my Marine grandson, Ryan MacDonald, and a photos of his three Marines and one of Stamford. By the way, he received an upgrade from the Silver Star to a Distinguished Service Cross. He deserved the MOH, but the Marines would not allow it. Major Gen Field Harris, USMC commander of 1st Marine Air Wing, FMF, wrote to BG Henry Hodes USA saying that Captain Stamford, rated a top notch decoration and it looked to me pretty close to MOH.Ž This was approved by the AG Dept. of Army who passed it on. The Department of Navy became involved and the award became immersed in red tape. The award system could not handle the proposal of Marine Air Wing via Marine and Army Departments, so Hq X Corps gave Stamford a Silver Star in 22 July 1951. Later, the award was the DSC. The real reason was the Marine Corps battle over actions and events at Chosin in which a Navy Chaplain publicly stated that the Army forces were cowards and set off a fire storm of accusations on both sides. (See https://www.facebook.com/warreng.macdonald.98/videos/ 233365737410767/ for an interesting video on all of this.) Warren G MacDonald, wgmacdonald@hotmail.com Dad and me in the same issue? Thank you. I was pleased to see our Chapter 305 pictures in the May-June 2018 issue, but when I read the news items of Chapter 321 (WA), I was surprised and even more pleased to notice a gentleman sitting to the left of their HF participants photo and then to him again, sitting to left of the newly elected officers as their 1st Vice Commander. The gentleman looked familiar and I noticed a family resemblance. Sure enough, the man is my 98-year old dad, Merle Osborne! I called him and we had good laugh that we both got a moment of fame together on the pages of The Graybeards. Just a little FYI trivia for you. Thanks for all you do for the Association and the magazine, which I consider the premiere of all veteran publications! Larry Osborne, Secretary, Ch. 305, Carson City, NV, baagman@msncom Bad Info The story on page 44/45 about San Francisco has some bad info. (See Because I love you, pp. 44-45, May-June 2018.) It was another John Stevens that got a Navy Cross. I did not. Two Bronze Stars was my record. Also, I was one of three people who was responsible for the Memorial in San Francisco. Last, I am only 97 years old, not 98, as reported. John Stevens, usmcable6@sbcglobal.net U.S. Military Combat Veterans Defined I am a long time member of KWVA and avid reader. I got interested in this subject several years ago when my VFW post began selling caps with names like Vietnam Combat Veteran and Korea Combat Veteran. The implication was that anyone who served in the military at that time was a combat veteran. I felt such an assumption belittled the service of those who actually faced the enemy. It led me to investigate and resulted in the information presented below. Theres a mystic bond of brotherhood that binds warriors who have shared the experience of combat. No matter what branch of service, what engagement, or of what duration, when a warrior engages the enemy in combat he touches a place in his soul that has no equal. Gen. Douglas MacArthur said, The soldier (marine, sailor, airman) above all men is required to practice the greatest act of religious training...sacrifice. No matter how horrible the incidents of war may be, the soldier who offers and gives his life for his country is the noblest development of mankind.Ž For many this ultimate of lifes challenges is not something sought after or relished. Especially in wars past many were drafted into the military and assigned to the front. With reluctance they took up arms to face an enemy. They recognized an obligation to serve their country, and for those who passed the test of fire they developed a sense of patriotic pride which is in a class by itself. Todays warriors are volunteers who feel a sense of duty to serve and are willing to take on whatever comes their way. However, this doesnt make it any easier to face the ultimate test where their life is in imminent danger. Also, unlike past engagements, now multiple tours are more commonplace. Regrettably, the designation Combat Veteran is loosely applied in media and often by veterans themselves. However, the Combat Veteran is one who is specifically defined by and recognized by each branch of service by criteria which must be met. Army After the U.S. declaration of war in 1941, the U.S. Army had difficulty recruiting infantry volunteers, unlike its other more glamorous branches (e.g. Tank Corps and the Army Air Forces). To increase recruitment and raise esprit de corps, General Lesley J. McNair, Army Ground Forces commander, conceived of a large recognizable combat service badge for the infantry ranks. On 7 October 1943, the War Department formally established the Combat Infantryman Badge. The CIB is the U.S. Armys combat service recognition awarded to soldiers„enlisted men and officers holding colonel rank or below„who personally fought in active ground combat while assigned to either an infantry or a Special Forces unit of brigade size or smaller any time after 6 December 1941.

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62 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards The U.S. Army also recognizes the combat service of medics with the Combat Medical Badge (CMB), awarded to medical personnel who serve alongside infantry units, and the Combat Action Badge (CAB), awarded to combat units other than Infantry (Armor, Cavalry, Field Artillery). This includes combat support and combat service support soldiers who served in combat in contemporary wars without delineated front lines. The CAB was created in 2005 for soldiers who otherwise qualify for neither the CIB nor the CMB. Navy/Marines/Coast Guard The Combat Action Ribbon (CAR) is a personal military decoration of the United States Navy, United States Marine Corps, and United States Coast Guard, which is awarded to those in any grade, including and below that of a Captain in the Navy and Coast Guard or Colonel in the Marine Corps, who have actively participated in ground or surface combat. To be awarded the Combat Action Ribbon, the individual must have rendered satisfactory performance under enemy fire. The Navy, Marines, and Coast Guard also recognize the combat service of corpsmen with the Combat Medical Badge (CMB), awarded to medical personnel who serve alongside combat units. Air Force The Air Force Combat Action Medal (CAM) is a relatively new medal issued by the United States Air Force. It was first awarded on June 12, 2007 for actions from September 11, 2001 to a date to be determined and may be awarded posthumously. For the purposes of this award, the combat conditions are met when defending the perimeter to conduct official duties, either ground or air, and come under enemy attack by lethal weapons while performing those duties, and are at risk of grave danger. Individual(s) who are defending the base (on the defended perimeter) and come under fire and engage the enemy with direct and lethal fire and are at risk of grave danger also meet the intent of combat conditions for the award. Also, personnel in ground operations who actively engage the enemy with direct and lethal fire may qualify even if no direct fire is taken, as long as there was risk of grave danger and other criteria are met. Central to the integrity of this combat recognition is the adherence to these combat conditions prerequisites. There are also other Air Force combat awards, such as the Air Medal. David Valley is a Korean War veteran and holder of the CIB. Thousands of combat veterans wear distinctive bracelets of their awards, which David designed for the Sektor Company. They include the CIB, CMB, CAB, and CAR. His email is dvalleyx@gmail.com A picture of the Boxer please Whoa! Dont you guys have at least one photo of USS Boxe r (CV-21) in your files? Im referring to the May-June 2018 issue of The Graybeards, Korean War drones from an aircraft carrier.Ž She at least deserved a little photo of launching those F6F Hellcats. That Mighty 21Ž was my home for those years off the North Korean coasts. And, by the way, the navy almost lost Boxer on August 5, 1952 due to an on-board fire. Just ask those photographers on USS Essex (CV-9). Im sure one of those guys would lend you a photo of my beloved ship. William (BillŽ) Herrera, 2205 7th Street, Apt. 168, Rapid City, SD 57701 EDITORS NOTE : Like Mr. Herrera, I spent many hours aboard Boxer then LPH-4. But, my duties were a little different I am sure. After the Korean War the Navy turned over four Essex class carriers to the Marine Corps: Boxer, Essex, Princeton and Iwo Jima. Boxe r was modified and reclassified Amphibious Assault Ship (Helicopter) (LPH-4) on 30 January 1959. It sailed from Norfolk, VA to Vieques, Puerto Rico about that time with elements of 3rd Bn. 8th Regt., 2nd Marine Division aboard. I was one of those elements. Our job was to refine helicopter assault missions. We would load aboard choppers on Boxers flight deck, invadeŽ Vieques, return to Boxer via landing craft, climb up to its hangar deck on nets, go up to the flight deck, board choppers, re-invadeŽ Viequesƒrepeat after me. Then, in April 1961 we boarded Boxer again for a float to Vieques, with a side excursion to the Bay of Pigs fiasco. As I learned later, Boxer and other U.S. Navy warships were to serve as a decoy to make Castro and his minions think we were landing away from the Bay of Pigs site. Apparently the feint did not work. The day of the botched invasion we were awakened at 0200, fed the traditional last USMC meal of steak and eggs, issued live ammo, and assigned to battle departure stations. Then, around 0600 we received orders to stand down. We were one angry„but well fed„group of U.S. Marines who no doubt would have changed the course of history if we had been allowed to carry out our original mission. And, the stand-down had to be a disappointment to the local USS Boxer (CV-21) at sea (1945) The amphibious assault ship USS Boxer (LHD 4) prepares to launch Australian S70A-9 Black Hawk helicopters during flight operations.

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63 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 fish, who were no doubt anticipating a steak-and-egg breakfast of their own provided by U.S. Marines bobbing around the sea in landing craft. The bottom line is that I spent a lot of time aboard Boxer, but I never knew its history. I was too busy enjoying free helicopter rides to Vieques to read about it. And I have often wondered how history would have changed if President Kennedy had decided to let us land in Cuba instead of aborting the mission. Another 90-day wonder with no clue Note the nearby photo in which I am pointing toward the enemy. It also shows my feeble attempt at breaking up our profile, because we were on an exposed ridge. One day our battery commander showed up and introduced our new platoon leader, a brand new 90-day wonder. No big deal, right? Wrong! The next day the new platoon leader appeared alone„and displayed his complete lack of knowledge about camouflage. Take away all of this brush,Ž he said. I explained to him my reasoning for its presence, to no avail. So my crew reluctantly did away with brush and tidied up the area. Then the 90-day wonder started berating me because the exterior of our half-track was dirty and dusty. He was adamant about our track being a mess. I explained to him why our half-track was dusty and dirty. Once again my reasoning was of no interest to him. So, we got out some rags, added a bit of oil to a gasoline-filled can, and wiped down our half-track with the mixture. And there we had a clean half-track exposed to everyone within seeing distance„ including the enemy. I was upset about this, to say the least. When he left, smugly satisfied, I got on the phone to his commander and vented my anger about this 90-day wonder, telling him that this new officer doesnt seem to realize that we are in a war zone. That ended my first go roundŽ with this 90-day wonder. Round Two The young lieutenant and another officer showed up one afternoon after we were ordered to prepare for a fire mission. There was an enemy sniper on a ridge some place close to us. Our orders were to provide covering fire to an infantry unit that was going to sneak up on the sniper. So, we prepared the half-track to move out. Our orders were to make sure the turret and Quad-50s were ready for use and then stand by. While we were waiting for more orders, our 90-day wonder told us to police all the brass when the mission is done. I looked at him and said, Sir, if you want the brass, you can pick it up„sir!Ž Then I turned and went to my real business, which was to look out for my crew. The 90-day wonder got very red in the face. Fortunately for me the mission was canceled. But, a couple months later I gave him the pleasure of bustingŽ me for missing the morning roll call. Gee, in the army less than a year and I am a private again. Luckily we survived our 90-day wonder„and the war. Marvin Reed, 2900 Right Hand Canyon Road, Reno, NV 89510 A BLT and a chocolate milk shake On our return home from Korea in 1952 our ship put in to shore at Hawaii. We were allowed liberty for a few hours. (Yay!) Four of us from the same battalion (2nd, 15th Inf. Regt.) took a cab to Waikiki Beach, where we had some lunch. Our goal was to order something we missed most while in Korea. I ordered a BLT and a chocolate milkshake. M/Sgt Carl Sichar ordered the same. In a recent conversation with Carl (now a retired LtCol) I asked him if he remembered what we had for lunch back in 1952. He replied with a chuckle, A BLT and a chocolate milkshake.Ž What remarkable remembrances„66 years later„as we stroll down Memory Lane. Incidentally, the other two men present were SSgt Fred Tabler and MSgt E. Storm. Paul Roach, Co. G, 2nd Bn., 15th Inf. Regt., 3rd Inf. Div., 3751 Hummingbird Lane, Roanoke, VA 24018 To be delivered to North Korea, no extra charge The nearby picture shows me in Korea in 1965 next to a 500pound bomb to be loaded under the fuselage of a Sky Raider, along with another twelve 250-pound bombs under the wings. They were all ready to be delivered to North Korea with no extra Paul M. Roach on Waikiki FB-8 Marvin Reed pointing at the enemy

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64 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards charges involved, compliments of VMA-121 helicopter squadron. GySgt (ret) Albert Pule, 4894 Upper River Rd., Grants Pass, OR 97526 Tales of two 1st Sergeants I was in Korea as a cook and baker in 1952-53. Our company had to move more than once. I was surprised on one of those moves when our 1st Sergeant told us we would be pulling guard duty on the train as we traveled. We had never pulled guard duty before, and it only happened once. We had to sit on the box cars, keep our eyes open for viaducts, bridges, etc., and lie flat when going under said objects. I have no idea what his name was, but I do know he didnt stay in the company long. I dont think he liked cooks. Then there was the time I almost got busted by a sandwich. Being a cook and baker, there were times I worked the night shift. (I was in Co. B, 19th Engineer Construction Bn.) Any soldiers coming into the mess hall while I was on duty who asked if there was anything to eat got fed. I would check to see what was available and many times made them sandwiches. I figured that if the fixings were available there was no reason not to. I was pretty nave. One evening the 1st Sergeant came in and said we had a problem. Sandwiches were being sold on the black market. He gave me a chance to own up to what was going on and I did. I apologized and told him that I didnt know the soldiers were selling the sandwiches. No one had told me that was happening. I also told the sergeant the soldiers would not get any more sandwiches on my shift„and they didnt. The 1st Sergeant could have come in and jumped all over me, but he didnt. I appreciated that. Hey, where else were they getting the sandwiches but at the mess hall? I guess my admission about the sandwiches worked. I did not receive any kind of reprimand. Dominic Curcuru, Sr., 36 Oxford Dr., Washington, MO 63090, 636-239-0278 Oh, those tremendous Turks In the May-June issue there was an article by Byron Sims listing the nations that fought in the Korean War. One of them was Turkey, which contributed some 5,453 troops. Half of my outfit in Japan was immediately sent to Korea days after the invasion on June 25, 1950. During the months after that date many of my returning buddies told me outstanding stories about the Turks. Simply put, they all told the same story. Those Turks kicked the hell out of anyone they encountered. They were feared greatly by their enemies. I would like to know if others shared the same viewpoint about the Turks. All the soldiers from every country were heroes„but those Turks had a reputation for being an especially crazy bunch. Albert D. Crawford, 135 High Barney Rd., Middletown, NY 10940 Why there arent many Chosin Reservoir survivors I couldnt help but notice the article Lets Hear it for WWII/Korean VeteransŽ in the March-April 2018 issue, p. 75. As a recalled Marine Corps veteran with four years of prior service I have to agree with my old friend Warren Wiedhahn that there are not many survivors of the Chosin reservoir battle. I would be surprised if there are more than 2,500. The average age of a Chosin Reservoir participant must have been in the mid-20s. The 1st Marine Division in particular was fleshed out with senior NCOs and officer corps veterans from WWII, many of whom were combat tested. This fact alone was the primary reason the 1st Marine Division was so exemplary in its combat effectiveness. It was, without question, the most lethal combat unit ever fielded. Ironically, the Korean War saved the Marine Corps from extinction, as Truman, Bradley, Marshall, Eisenhower, Spaatz, Collins, and Secretary of Defense Johnson all conspired in 1947 to destroy the Marine Corps with their Unification Act.Ž John Mixon, B Co., 1st Tank Bn., 1st Marine Division 6311 Barcelona Dr., Bakersfield, CA 93306 EDITORS NOTE : Technically the Unification Act saved the U.S. Marine Corps. The National Security Act of 1947, as it was known, was a major restructuring of the United States governments military and intelligence agencies following World War II. The majority of the provisions of the Act took effect on September 18, 1947, the day after the Senate confirmed James Forrestal as the first Secretary of Defense. The Act merged the Department of War (renamed as the Department of the Army) and the Department of the Navy into the National Military Establishment (NME), headed by the Secretary of Defense. It also created the Department of the Air Force and the United States Air Force, which separated the Army Air Forces into its own service. It also protected the Marine Corps as an independent service, under the Department of the Navy. Aside from the military reorganization, the act established the National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency, the U.S.s first peacetime non-military intelligence agency. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_SecurityAct_of_1947 What a way to celebrate New Years Eve I enlisted in the United States Air Force in September 1951. I had lost three high school classmates during the early stages of the Korean War. I took my basic training at Sampson Air Base, NY. Following basic I went to Lowry AB, CO for B-29 gunnery school. I was then sent to Randolph Air Base, TX, where we were assigned to bomber crews. After ground school and several training flights we went to Forbes Air Base, KS for survival training. We received our orders Albert Pule next to a 500-pound bomb

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65 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 to go to Okinawa, arriving at Kadena Air Base in late November 1952. We were assigned to the 20th AF, 19th Bomb Group, 93rd Bomb Squadron.We flew our first combat mission in early December 1952. All our missions were flown at night due to enemy action during the day.Our crew was named lead crew for the squadron. We carried the Airborne Commander on all missions. On December 31st (New Years Eve) we were assigned to fly the only mission that night. It was called a primer mission, flying up and down the front lines bombing targets of opportunity. After 27 combat missions we returned to the states. As the B-29s were out of service, our crew was disbanded and we went our separate ways. I was sent to Aircraft Mechanics School at Sheppard Air Base, TX. Following school, I was sent to Hamilton Air Base, CA. I was assigned to 4754th Rader Evaluation Flight, where I finished my tour in September 1955 Lawrence F. Crone, 237 Washington Circle, Lake Forest, IL. 60045 Sure, why not? Steven Anderson contacted our KWVA webpage and asked if his father-in-laws picture from Korea was of interest and could be published. His father-in-law, Ron Bestland, is deceased and Steve wanted to do this for his wife and mother-in-law. I am not personally familiar with any of them but thought I would send it to you for consideration. Al McCarthy NOTE: We are always happy to publish such photos. Some of our members may recognize the subjects„or themselves! Recon M issions WAYNE DONALD AUSTIN A friend of my uncle, Wayne Donald Austin, provided me with an article from The Graybeards. I would like to know if you could research the archives to determine if there is any information on my uncle. He was taken prisoner at the battle of Hoengsong, Korea in 1951, and his remains have never been found. He was attached to 1st Battalion, 38th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division (A CO 1 BN). All my uncles brothers and sisters have passed, and my five brothers and I have very little information about Wayne. Since I am not considered next of kin, I have not been successful in obtaining his service record as of this time. Any help you could provide in obtaining his records or information about him would be greatly appreciated. Kenneth C. Austin, USN (Ret.), CAD/GIS Specialist, PWD Mayport, Planning Dept., 904-270-3177, kenneth.austin1@navy.mil EDWARD IVANHOE I am hoping you would be able to find a soldier named Edward Ivanhoe from Topeka, Kansas. During the Korean War he was serving in the city of lncheon, where General MacArthur landed with his troops. This soldier spoke Korean fluently and showed us a real kindness from his heart. We appreciated it profoundly. I have never forgotten about his kindness that he planted in our lives and hearts. Now that I am getting very old I would like to find a way to thank him, if he is still alive. Please give me good news that he is still alive and tell me how I can contact him. Thank you very much for your prompt attention. June S. Choi, 3333 Henry Hudson Parkway #21C, Bronx, NY 10463, 347 638 4729 CAPTAIN RAWSON I am looking for Captain Rawson, Company Commander of Co. A., 19th Inf. Regt., 24th Inf. Div. He was relieved of duty in Korea in October 1951. I was in the 4th Platoon, 60mm. mortars. I would appreciate any information. Fred R. Liberman, 510 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, NY Apt. 2G, 11218, 718-871-4761, FRL11218@yahoo.com Lawrence F. Crone in front of a B29 at Kadena Air Base, Okinawa We have no info about the unit or individuals. Here are the names: (Front L-R) Andy, Adams, Captain Laughlin, Head, and Tucker. (Back) Merke, Shields, Fitrakis, Ronald Bestland, White, Hawkins, Collins.

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66 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards

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67 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 Background The Korea Revisit program was begun by the Ministry of Patriots and Veterans Affairs (MPVA/Seoul) in 1975 for the 25th anniversary of the outbreak of the Korean War to express the Republic of Korea (ROKs) governments gratitude to Korean War veterans and their families also to show them the bountiful results of their sacrifices and devotion. MPVAs Eligibility Requirements Korean War Veterans who served in or supported ground, naval, or air operations in the Korean Theater between June 25, 1950 and October 15, 1954. Family members of deceased or disabled Veterans are eligible to participate in the "Korea Revisit Program." An eligible applicant is allowed to bring a family member or friend as a travel companion.Ž Korea Defense Veterans (1945 … Jun 24, 1950 and Oct 16, 1954 … present) are eligible to go when Korean War Veterans are not available. Expanded Eligibility 1. For the 65th anniversaries (2015-19) there will be more quotas available. In addition, those who have been on a Revisit prior to 2011 can apply to return again. (Call MHT for more details) 2. Widows and family members of deceased veterans or those unable to travel are also eligible for the Revisit as Veteran Representatives. 3. Korea Defense Veterans who served in Korea during these periods (1945 … Jun 24, 1950 and Oct 16, 1954 … present) are eligible to return on a space available basis TBD by the MPVA and the ROK criteria. Benefits & Schedule 1. Free hotel accommodations for the veteran their companion or veteran representatives, meals for 5 nights and 6 days in Seoul for 2 people. If you want to bring more people you may at your expense. 2. Accommodations are based on (2) persons per room, if you want a single hotel room you may at your own expense. All of the above items need to be requested in writing. 3. Tours of Seoul and its vicinity, banquet hosted by the MPVA and KVA with presentation of the Ambassador for PeaceŽ medal, tours of the DMZ, Pan-Mun-Jom, War Memorial Museum, and National Cemetery. Typical Korea Revisit Itierary Day 1: Fly to Korea. Day 2: Arrival day Incheon Airport, ROK check into Seoul Hotel. Day 3 Tribute Ceremony at the Korean National CemeteryŽ, visit to the Korean War Memorial. Day 4 Visit Panmunjom, DMZ, Joint Security Area, Camp Bonifas & wreath laying. Day 5 Ceremony for Korean War Veterans & Display/Show. Day 6 Visit tour of Korean Folk VillageŽ and shopping op-portunity. Banquet hosted by MPVA and KVA. Day 7 Depart Korea or begin post-tour extensions. Sundry Tour Requirements 1. The MPVA Revisit Program privileges are provided for scheduled groups only. 2. Participants are required to have a valid passport that does not expire until 6 months after return to the USA. 3. Neither MPVA Seoul nor MHT Virginia U.S.A is responsible for any loss of or damage to personal or other items; medical expenses, injuries or loss of life due to any accident of whatever nature during the Revisit tours. 4. Medical and Evacuation Insurance is required by MPVA for all veterans, companions or veteran representatives. Insurance costs are included in the admin service charge for Korea only. 5. Roundtrip transportation costs to Korea are not included and will be borne by each person who participates in the program. The participants must purchase roundtrip airfare, the ROK government will subsidize air costs (approximately 50% Veterans and 30% Companions.) The refunded airfare reimbursement will be calculated by the ROK after all the revisits. The reimbursement will be sent in a lump sum to be distributed by MHT for the entire years groups. 6. Applications will be received/accepted on a First-come, firstservedŽ basis. 7. Use of frequent flyer miles or other freeŽ transportation is allowed, but the administrative nonrefundable service fee of $450.00 per person is still required for the insurance, tour leaders and administration costs. 8. The initial $50 per person registration fee that is required for postage, printing, phone charges, file maintenance and personnel staffing to manage the Korea Revisit Programs is not refundable. The remainder of the nonrefundable Service Fee ($400) will not be charged until the participant has selected his Korea Revisit (KR) dates on the KR Preference Sheet that will be mailed in March-April as part of the KR Handbook. Death Notice of a Member of KWVA The following notice is submitted for publication: Name of deceased____________________________________________________ Date of death__________________Year of Birth__________________________ Member #______________________Chapter______________________________ Address____________________________________________________________ Army Navy Marine Corps Air Force Coast Guard Primary Unit of service during Korean War______________________________________ Submitted by________________________________________________________ Relationship to deceased______________________________________________ Send to: Membership, P.O. Box 407, Charleston, IL 61920-0407 All Chapter and/or Department news for publication in The Graybeards should be mailed to Art Sharp, Editor, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573 or emailed to: Sharp_arthur_g@sbcglobal.net Visit the Korean War Veterans Association Website: WWW.KWVA.US

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68 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Welcome Aboard! New Members of the Korean War Veterans Asssociation ARIZONA A048556CYNTHIA C. BORDEAUX R048530HOMER L. HIMES LR48529GARY D. PETERSON A048527HOWARD SIMPSON A048547JEFF TREPANIER R048531LLOYD WHITTALL CALIFORNIA LR48554ANGEL AVILES R048599ELZA T. CONWAY JR. LR48594KUNO C. EDWARDS R048567DAVID C. FUNDERBURGH R048590JOSEPH M. KALLA R048585MELVIN T. KANAI LR48546MABEL LYTHGOE A048566DEBRA K. MARTIN LR48565EUGENE S. MARTIN R048598KENNETH RAIRDEN R048563RICHARD L. SHICK R048559JOSE L. SUAREZ FLORIDA A048568JEUNG M. CHOI R048535KENNETH H. COFFEY R048534STANLEY COHEN A048552THOMAS J. DESHLER R048555FRANKLIN T. IMADO LR48538KENNETH E. ROTH R048602JOSEPH R. WEICHMAN GEORGIA LR48551WILLIAM S. RHODES ILLINOIS R048577ANDREW D. HOMA R048542THOMAS LUCKEN R048576R THOMAS ROBERTS KANSAS R048579RICHARD S. CROSS LOUISIANA LR48588VICTOR L. RICHARD MAINE LR48593THOMAS A. CUMMING MASSACHUSETTS R048532ANN-MARIE S. GINN MICHIGAN R048601RICHARD A. ANDERSON R048571THOMAS D. NELSON R048570LEIGH M. STANLEY MINNESOTA LR48569THOMAS E. HEFFERNAN R048575LAWRENCE H. MCKENZIE A048582WILLIAM D. SCHMIDT R048603RALPH A. SCHNEEKLOTH MISSOURI R048583ROLAND A. DOBSCH R048533LYDLE E. PARTNEY R048580TOMY C. WISHON NEVADA A048543JUDITH E. ARIOLA A048572LISANDRA D. CORTESE R048550DONALD HAN A048573ALICIA M. PLATTNERWHITMORE R048564LEWIS A. STEIN R048560BERNARD J. WEBER SR. NEW JERSEY LR48578RICHARD L. ALLEN A048537EDITH P. BOWEN R048536JOHN T. HALL NEW YORK R048596ANTHONY J. HECKEL R048549WILLIAM E. NAGY R048544LOUIS M. SALAUN R048586C MICHAEL WALSH LR48557JOSEPH J. ZIEGLER NORTH CAROLINA A048540FREMONT V. BROWN III LR48539BRENDA G. PLOSS A048541LORETTA W. REYNOLDS OHIO LR48561DAVID A. MARTIEN R048548ELMER L. MILLS A048545MINJOO PARK OKLAHOMA LR48574CHARLES E. HENRY OREGON R048526BYRON O. BELMONT R048528RICHARD V. SCHMITZ PENNSYLVANIA R048581PETER CAPATAIDES R048584KARL H. SMITH LR48587RICHARD W. TIMOTHY R048523CHESTER E. WISSLER JR. RHODE ISLAND LR48591ANTHONY J. CABRAL SOUTH CAROLINA R048597CRAIG E. BOWMAN R048592ERNEST G. LACASSE TENNESSEE R048562STEVEN D. FREELONG TEXAS R048595CHARLES R. BURT R048524DON DERRICOTT LR48558WAYNE D. DIERLAM A048553PO PAE JASSO R048589TOMMY RIGMAIDEN VIRGINIA A048600CARMEL B. WHETZEL WISCONSIN A048525PATRICK CORKRAN It was no secret that the U.S Navy, like the other branches of the American armed forces, was unprepared for a major war only five years after WWII ended. Adapt, improvise, overcomeŽ became the mantra of the service. Subsequently, personnel and equipment began performing tasks that were not normally within their MOSs.Ž Among them was USS Epping Forest (LSD-4). Epping was launched 2 April 1943 and commissioned 11 October 1943. It participated in several operations toward the end of WWII, e.g., After standing by in reserve during the invasions of Tinian and Saipan it arrived off Guam 21 July [1944] for the assault landings. For 5 days she lay off the island repairing landing craft and then returned to Guadalcanal from which she made several voyages to Manus transporting landing craft through Augustƒ On 9 January 1945 Epping Forest sent its boats away in the assault of Lingayen Gulf, working under almost constant air attack. The next day it got underway for Morotai to reload Army equipment with which it returned to Lingayen 27 January. For 2 weeks it repaired landing craft here then put into Leyte on its way to transfer landing craft from Saipan to Guam and again from Milne Bay to Leyte arriving 13 March to prepare for the Okinawa assault.Ž The ship was decommissioned and placed in reserve at Long Beach 25 March 1947, until being recommissioned 1 December 1950. Epping sailed along the west coast for training until 21 May 1951 when it departed for the Far East, where it was put to a unique use for an LSD„and participated in Operation MIG Swipe.Ž Epping Forest supported UN forces until 7 February 1952, then returned to the U.S. west coast for local training and exercises. From October 1952 to September 1953 the versatile vessel redeployed to Korea to support minesweeping operations in Wonsan harbor. That marked the first time the Navy used an LSD for that purpose. After the fighting ended Epping underwent overhaul in November 1953, then resumed its station in the Far East in April. It participated in amphibious operations at Okinawa and Korea and transported the refugees of French Indo-China in the "Passage to Freedom" mission during the summer of 1954. Ironically, one of its final duties was to serve as flagship of Commander Mine Flotilla One and take part in mine countermeasure exercises. The Navy must have learned something about the value of LSDs in mine operations after Eppings service in Wonsan harbor. Sadly, Epping Forest was sold for scrapping in Japan on 30 October 1969. At least one KWVA member, Bernard Miller, served aboard Epping Forest during the Korean War. Reach him at N2814 Cassidy Rd., Mauston, WI 53948-9636, 608-666-2071. The saga of USS Epping Forest (LSD-4)

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69 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 Official Membership Application Form The Korean War Veterans Association, Inc. P. O. Box 407, Charleston, IL 61920-0407 (Telephone: 217-345-4414) KWVA Regular Annual Dues = $25.00 Associate Membership = $16.00 MOH, Ex-POW, Gold Star Parent or Spouse & Honorary $0.00 Regular Life Membership: (May be paid in lump sum or 6 equal payments by check over a 12 month period.) Ages up to and through 35 years of age:..................$600 Ages 36 through 50 years of age:....... .............$450 Ages 51 through 65 years of age:............................$300 Ages 66 years of age and older:..... .................$150 Please Check One: New Member Renewal Member (#___________________) Please Check One Medal of Honor Regular Member Regular Life Member Associate Member Ex-POW Honorary Gold Star Parent Gold Star Spouse (Please Print) Last Name________________________ First Name______________________ Middle/Maiden Name__________________ Street________________________________ City______________________________ State______ Zip____________ Apt. or Unit # (if Any) __________Phone: (________) __________________________ Year of Birth: __________________ Email________________________________________ Chapter Number/Name (if applicable) #____________________ All Regular members please provide the following information if applicable Unit(s) to which Assigned Branch of Service Division__________________ Army Regiment__________________ Air Force Battalion__________________ Navy Company__________________ Marines Other______________________ Coast Guard I certify, under penalty of law, that the above information provided by me for the purposes as indicated, is true and correct. Ž [If you are applying for membership in a category other than Section 1, par A.1., of the Criteria for MembershipŽ listed below complete the Certification of Eligibility for KWVA MembershipŽ Form on page 2.] Applicant Signature: ____________________________________________________ Date: ____________________________ Note: If this is a GIFT Membership … please sign here to certify, under penalty of law, that to the best of your knowledge, ALL of the information you have provided about the Applicant is true and correct. [Note: If applicable, you must also complete and sign the Eligibilit y Form on page 2.] Signature: ________________________________________________ Relationship to Applicant: ________________________ Make checks payable to: KWVA … Mail to: Korean War Veterans Association Inc., P. O. Box 407, Charleston, IL 61920-0407 (Or you may pay by Credit Card) Credit Card #______________________________________ VISA MASTER CARD (only) Expiration Date ________________________ V-Code ____ Your Signature __________________________________________ Adopted 10/27/2012 DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE Assigned Membership Number:__________________________________________ Dates of service: WithIN Korea were: (See criteria below) From________________ To WithOUT Korea were: (See criteria below) From________________ To__________________ Page 1of 2

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70 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards CERTIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR KWVA MEMBERSHIP In addition to completing the KWVA Membership Application Form on page 1, persons applying for, and qualifying for, membership under one of the categories listed below, are also required to fill in the appropriate blanks, and sign in the space provided below. Check Only One Catagory: Medal of Honor : I am a Medal of Honor recipient and the date on which it was awarded was: Month _____ Day ____ Year_____. Ex-POW : I was held as a Prisoner of War by the North Koreans, Chinese, or Russian forces at some time during the period June 25, 1950 to the present. From: Month ____ Day ____ Year ____ To: Month ____ Day ____ Year ____. Gold Star Parent : I am the parent of : Name [print]_______________________________, who was killed in action, missing in action or died as a Prisoner of War during the Korean War on: Month _____ Day ____ Year _____. Gold Star Spouse : I am the spouse of: Name [print] _________________________, who was killed in action, missing in action or died as a Prisoner of War on: Month _____ Day ____ Year _____. Associate : I have a legitimate interest in the affairs of the Korean War Veterans Association and agree to accept the terms and conditions set forth in its charter and bylaws. I do not qualify to be a Regular member. Honorary : I was elected as an Honorary Member of the KWVA by a vote of the Board of Directors on: Month _____ Day ____ Year _____. I certify, under penalty of law, that the above information provided by me for the purposes indicated is true and correct.Ž Applicant Signature: ________________________________________________ Month ______ Day________ Year______ Page 2 of 2

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71 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 MIN from page 17 the country had changed since he left. It was when he was standing atop the mountain Namsan, where he had set up radio antennae during the war, that Smith said he was able to appreciate just how much development had happened over the last 65 years. What had once been an area of desolate bombed-out rice paddies was now a booming metropolis, according to Smith. There was a resiliency to the country even when we were there,Ž Smith said. As part of the Revisit Korea Program, Smith was awarded the Ambassador of Peace Medal, an award given by the South Korean government to show appreciation for men and women who served during the war. A one-Marine monument committee Ray Bratton was featured in the November 12, 2017, Lowell [MA] The Sun after he donated a monument to the town of Chelmsfords Veterans Memorial Park in honor of people who served in the Korean War. The memorial was dedicated as part of Chelmsfords Veterans Day ceremony that year. According to reporter Alana Melanson, It has long bothered marine Corps veteran Ray Bratton that few speak or learn of the war that affected him so deeply.Ž Bratton told her that The problem with the Korean War was that it lasted three years, and it was forgotten about. I always felt that all those people lost their lives and didnt get any recognition for it.Ž He designed the memorial with the help of the Veterans Memorial Park Committee and solely funded its creation. The stone was carved and installed by Colmer Monument Works in Lowell, MA. Reach Ray Bratton, who served with I/3/7, at 8 Gregory Rd., Chelmsford, MA 01824, 978-954-1469 (cell), 978-2569929 (home), or rajeanbee@aol.com Robert Veazey a member of Ch. 2, Paul Dill, [DE], was interviewed recently on video by the USAF Video Unit, out of Hill AFB, for the celebration of the 36th Fighter Squadrons 100th anniversary. The video will be part of the Fiend HeritageŽ film scheduled for publication in late September. I was a member of the 36th Flying FiendsŽ Squadron in 1952/3 and flew 72 combat missions. Robert Veazey, bobbyvz@comcast.net The stone donated by Ray Bratton Ray Bratton and his buddies as young Marines The cameras set up in Robert Veazeys family room for the recording Robert Veazey and the framed illustration of the F-16 ViperŽ currently flown by the 36th Squadron based at Osan Air Base, South Korea, and signed by all of the pilots of the current squadron A~Vet Emblem Supply 6228 Josephine Road, Norton, VA 24273 (276)679-2096 Email: Raywellsavet@aol.com Website Catalog only: www.avetemblemsupply.org Hours: 8 AM 5 pm EST Quartermaster for all Korean War Veterans Patches, Shirts, Dress Caps, Ball Caps, KWVA Collar Brass, Hat Pins, Sew On Shoulder Rank, Epaulets, Ribbons, Medals, and Display Cases We sew on (free) all patches by request w/shirt purchase Same day service on most orders. Ship First Class Postage We accept Visa / Master Card / Discover

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72 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Black Knights … Korea The 37th Bombardment Squadron (L) By Antonio G. Fucci 2017 This is a slice of history relating to the 37th Bomb Squadron, 17th Bomb Wing, N/I, Black Knights and its role during the Korean War. This history was presented at the 100th Birthday of the 37th Bomb Squadron on 11th and 12th June 2017 at Ellsworth AFB. The following areas are some of our endeavors in Korea that the present day 37th Squadron might find interesting. Prelude It has been 65 years since the 37th Squadron engaged in flying combat missions in Korea. During that time Ive felt that Korea was being treated like a black hole in outer space where a war just happened to happen. The country and the war still remain an opaque never-never-land. For many years most of us who flew with the 37th during the Korean War have lived with that period of time and our involvement in it as simply the Forgotten WarŽ or the War before Vietnam.Ž History doesnt let us off the hook that easily, mainly because no war ever really duplicates a previous war. The Korean War can be compared with the Vietnam War in broad terms at best. Granted, many of the challenges we faced between 1950 and 1953 in Korea were repeated in Southeast Asia, and more than just a few lessons had to be relearned. But, in Korea we had to quickly refresh ourselves on practices that had been learned during WWII. From the standpoint of technology, the Vietnam War was light years ahead of Korea. To us the Korean War is not forgotten.Ž We mourn for the loss of our brethren and PRAISE the freedom that we helped attain to free a nation, the Republic of Korea, from the enslavement of Communism. The ratio of casualties of the Korean War was greater (i.e., 3 years vs. 10 years) than in Vietnam. This can be best be understood by the raw statistics of both wars. In three years (19501953) the Korean War claimed as many American casualties (36,000+) as did over ten years (1965-1975) of fighting in Vietnam, where American casualties reached 58,000+. It may be the size of Florida, but Florida it isnt Korea was the last of the massive Big BattalionŽ land battle conflicts. For any of us that happened to fly over the MLR (Main Line of Resistance) during a massive artillery duel between the two armies at night, it was an awesome sight that was never to be forgotten. It was like a scene from Dantes InfernoŽ as far as one could see in either direction. In Korea we flew and fought with equipment that was essentially the same as that used in WWII. For example; our airborne radar wasnt refined enough or even available to allow us to conduct true all-weather operations. For us, our war was still one where you had to somehow find the enemy in the dark, set up an attack, and then get it over with. The problem was that if you could see them, they could see you. When that occurred sparks would fly and you earned your pay. Also, your adrenaline pump would shift into high gear. One crew said they had never been in a foreign country and seen so little of it as in Korea. Most of us only saw whatever the moonlight or flares would illuminate. Understandably, we didnt waste any time getting out of that place, but not before getting good glimpses of the countryside. It was a scene of utter desolation. The hills that once had contained dikes and terraces for the cultivation of rice no longer bore any semblance of having done so. From the air you could see that whatever topsoil existed on the hills prior to the war was being washed into the rivers by the monsoon rains and the rivers were being clogged with silt and debris. The clogged rivers were in turn causing massive flooding of the best food producing lowlands. For a country that even in the best of times could barely feed itself, this was catastrophic. Had peace prevailed, and had Korea been the Garden of Eden, it still wouldnt have been the greatest place to be stationed according to western standards. There, buffalo pulled honey wagonsŽ in which the peasants collected their own excrement for spreading on the fields. That stuff defies description. It possessed a smell so deep, pungent, and penetrating that it could literally stupefy a westerner. If you were to look at the Korean peninsula on a world globe, it would remind you somewhat of the shape of Florida. In size its 160 miles wide and about 600 miles long. I have often wondered how we managed to get lost as many times as we did in Korea. True, it was night, and everything was blacked out, but the place wasnt very big. Heck, we had water on three sides of us, and if you even got near the Manchurian border the searchlights and radar-directed flak guns would let you know you were in the wrong neighborhood. The earth is so hard a bomb cant dent it Although Korea is at the same latitude as San Francisco and Philadelphia, the weather is harsh, especially in the north during the winters. Biting Siberian winds blow down from the Asian interior and the temperatures drop to a minus 40 F. Many of us can remember flying night missions in the north when the ambient temperature registered minus 60 F. Survival after a bailout in those conditions wasnt even worth thinking about. At times it was so cold that our gun heaters couldnt keep our wing guns operable. A 500-pound bomb would hardly make a crater in the frozen earth. Strafing was always a risky proposition; day or night, and with our 50 caliber slugs ricocheting off the frozen ground it was sheer lunacy. Summers are hot and humid, with a monsoon season that

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73 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 turned Koreas unpaved roads into quagmires. Temperatures reach 105 F. What our air base was like during the monsoon season is best summed up by a remark made by the Deputy Commander of the 5th AF: It was a terrible airfield the damned thing was practically under water.Ž No picnic in the mountains The primary area for the 37th Bomb Squadron operations in Korea was the great north-south wall of mountains reaching down the eastern coast from the Yalu River in the north to Pusan in the south. The highest peaks were about 9,000 feet above sea level and were located around the reservoirs in North Korea. We did most of our train and truck busting to the south of the reservoir area, because thats where most of them seemed to be. Still, we had to prowl the northern mountains. As I recall, most of us didnt like to go up there. It was cold, lonely, dark and spooky. And, if anything happened, it was a 550-mile walk back to home base. We could fly within a few miles of the border that separates Korea from Russia. It was only a 20-mile strip. The rest was Manchuria. We could look across Peter the Great Bay and see the glow of the lights of Vladivostok, Russia. At least thats what my navigator said they were. Smaller hills and ranges extended inland. The western coast consisted of broad, flat, and muddy river plains. The 3rd Bomb Wing (our sister B-26 unit) operated on the western side of Korea. Occasionally we would cover some of their missions when they were weathered in, and they did the same for us. They were always amazed at our airfield and wondered how we managed to get in and out of the place without hitting something. We all wondered the same thing when we first landed there. Getting up was not guaranteed In line with this, I distinctly remember on several take-offs how severe the cross winds were. One time, just as we became airborne and approached the end of the runway, we had a severe cross wind which veered us to the left. Instead of the green lights being below us (pull up gear time), they were over to our far right and buildings were below us. Lumbering down the runway with two 500-pound bombs under each wing with 3,000 pounds of bombs in the bomb bay, along with max ammo for the 50 caliber guns, three in each wing, two in each turret, one lower and one upper, a total of ten, was cumbersome. Some aircraft, depending on the model, had an additional six or eight guns in the nose. Along with this, fuel tanks were topped off. Taking off with this load was difficult in normal weather conditions, let alone in severe cross winds. We lost crews that did not make it on take-off; they crashed on the beach or into the waters at the end of the runway. Bombs awayƒmaybe not Along with the take-off challenge, mechanical malfunctions occurred. Engine failure was not prevalent, but one malfunction did occur often: the failure of the bomb shackles to release. Two shackles suspended each bomb. On occasion, only one shackle released and the crew had a hung bomb.Ž This malfunction occurred to the shackles in both the bomb bay and the ones suspended from the wings. If the hung bomb was in the bomb bay, the gunner crawled in the bomb bay, secured the hung shackle release lever with a bungee cord, and returned to his compartment. He then notified the pilot that the task was performed. The pilot would open the bomb bay doors, the gunner would pull the cord, and the bomb was released. This situation also happened on the shackles suspended from the wings. In this case the pilot would try maneuvers to shake the bomb loose. If the bomb would not release, he notified air control, and the plane would be routed back to base over the water. Once back to base and on final approach, the aircraft was landed as gently as possible so the bomb would not be shaken loose. Once on the ground the plane would taxi to the hot spot, where the armament crew would handle the situation. The 37ths Assignment at K-9 The 37th Bombardment Squadron arrived in Korea 10 May 1952 via an envelope. It was a paper transfer, as it replaced the 729th Bombardment Squadron at Pusan East Air Base (K-9). The 729th had been one of three squadrons of the 452nd Bombardment Wing flying out of K-9. The 452nd was an Air Force Reserve unit recalled on 10 August 1950, at the beginning of the Korean War, for 21 months of active duty service. The unit had been in combat since October 1950. By May 1952, all the original reserve personnel had long been KIA, MIA, or rotated back to the ZI (USA). Replacement personnel, some of whom were recently recalled WWII retreads or freshly minted 2nd Lieutenants, were staffing the organization. On 10 May 1952, the 17th Bomb Wing replaced the 452nd Bomb Wing, which returned to reserve status. Nothing changed ) Night Intruder At times it was so cold that our gun heaters couldnt keep our wing guns operable. A 500-pound bomb would hardly make a crater in the frozen earth. Strafing was always a risky proposition; day or night, and with our 50 caliber slugs ricocheting off the frozen ground it was sheer lunacy.

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74 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards except the numerical unit designation. The 452nd had consecutively numbered squadrons (728th, 729th, and 730th). We had the 34th, 37th, and 95th squadrons. K-9: The home of hazards All airfields on the Korean Peninsula were given a KŽ prefix. The 37ths airfield at Pusan, Korea was given the designation of K-9. We called it Dogpatch,Ž which was our call sign. K-9 was like a box canyon in many respects. The only open side was 100 yards from the shore of the Sea of Japan. There was only one runway, so loaded planes took off toward the sea no matter what direction the wind was from. The only exception to this was our training flights when, because of reduced ordnance loads, the planes could clear the landward hills. A person could write a book about the comments of aircrews when they first arrived at K-9. Some guys remarked about the short steel mat runway surrounded by a box canyon. It was black topped later. The weather (rain, wind, cold and fog) made the whole thing unreal and didnt help matters any. Ice was another little hazard that Mother Nature provided us with at K-9. Our B-26s were not equipped with de-icer boots, so this became a concern at times. On the bright side, we had anti-icing capabilities for the props. Picking up ice in any amount during a night time instrument climb-out with a full load of bombs and 130 octane fuel left a crew feeling orgasmic. Landing at K-9 also took some measure of a pilots ability. After a night mission he still had to face landing on the slippery runway. Just the moisture from the morning dew made it as slick as polished glare ice. Bear in mind, this was before reversing propellers and anti-skid brake systems were available. (We had hydraulic brakes) Also, there was a wicked dike at the end of the runway. It was run into more than once and claimed a few lives. Although K-9 airfield was never under direct enemy attack, we were a prime candidate. A detachment of U.S. Army engineers working on improving our runway was ambushed and murdered at a gravel pit a short distance from the base during late 1952. Also, various electronic homing beacons in the area were attacked on several occasions. Mission mayhem Our primary mission in Korea was to deprive the enemy of the capability of staging a prolonged offensive by disrupting his supply lines. We flew Combat Interdiction. The relentless day and eventually night interdiction of the movement of the enemys men and material, as well as our delivery of effective front line support, was a major factor in the restoration of personal freedom and national security for the long suffering people of the Republic of Korea. (Our aircraft were painted black and the title Black KnightsŽ was born.) To be effective for our mission we flew at low levels. When we dropped the bombs, we could feel the percussion from the explosion of the bomb. The enemy strung cables across the mountain peaks, so we lost several aircrafts in this manner. If the cables were strung close to the MLR/Bomb line, searchlights from our side zeroed in on the cables attach points so we could see the cables. Missions were low level, below 500 feet. Many on final runs were at 100 feet. Low level was a necessity to identify any targets, since all target acquisition was visual. Identifying a target on moonlit nights was easier. Chasing a train was easy, as the engine gave itself away with the smoke it exhausted. Convoys and troop movements were more difficult to detect. Again, it was all visual, and we did not have IR (infrared) capabilities. The enemy could hear us, and when we shot a burst, we were totally visible. Though we inflicted huge losses on the enemy, they still managed to stage some very damaging offensives. Oriental manpower seemed to overtake western technology. Our ability to inflict damage was equaled by the enemys ability to repair the damage. In effect, we pitted skilled crews, equipped with expensive and modern aircraft (WWII), against unskilled coolies armed with picks and shovels. Trucks are better than planes Heres a good example of the situation that existed back then. In July of 1951 communist ground forces fired only about 8,000 rounds of artillery and mortar against our positions. But, in May 1952 they directed 102,000 rounds at our ground forces. General Ridgway, 8th Army Commander, stated at that time, Theres little doubt that communist ground divisions have accumulated adequate supplies. The hostile forces opposing the Eighth Army have a substantially greater potential than at any time in the past.Ž During this time communist ground fire wrought increasing losses on the B-26s. By the summer of 1952, Colonel George Brown, 5th AF Director of Operations, could only report that We are trading B-26s for trucks in a most uneconomical manner.Ž Our goal was to perpetrate some mean things on the enemy and his transportation system, bring the aircraft back to home base in one piece, and park it. To most of the flight crews, it all boiled down to a rather basic and simple equation; one crew and one airplane, versus the night, the terrain, and whatever the enemy had to take us down. This was like a big crap game, a roll of the dice.Ž A sunrise is a beautiful thing„if you live to see it Sometimes, if you happened to have one of the last missions of the night, youd still be on your way out of North Korea as the sun came up. As always, in desperate situations, there is consolation. Looking over one wing you see a beautiful peaceful sunrise. Over the other you see the blackness of night and the horror that was left behind. It was an unbelievable sight. The views over wings aside, the end result of our efforts and those of others is that we saved a nation from the enslavement of communism and preserved its peace, freedom, and prosperity. That alone is like a ray of sunshine in a mountain of darkness. The men A unique thing about the men who flew Night Intruder Missions during the Korean War is that we hardly knew each

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75 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 other. To this day, many of the men dont know much about their fellow squadrons within the wing. In some cases we barely knew the other crews within our own squadron. We always flew alone and at night. During the daytime we tried to sleep. Sometimes we would have daytime training missions to the Naktong or Mundo ranges for gunnery, bomb, and rocket practice. Briefing for the crews flying that night would take place at about 1500 hours. Afterwards we would check out our aircraft, ammo and bomb load, eat supper, and try to sleep some more before take-off time. Take-off times varied from 1800 to 0300 hours. The whole thing was a twilight zoneŽ type of experience. Many combat crews flew an entire mission tour in four months, although I would guess that the majority of them took five months or more. We spent a great amount of time in the air for such a short period. Time to socialize with your fellow airmen was rare. The very nature of the Night Intruder business combined with our schedule didnt allow us much of a chance to bring the overall situation into focus very well. Our main strength and perhaps our closest loyalties as well seemed to be contained within us as an air crew. Its difficult to explain this without encountering feelings that we had long ago. The majority of us had been together as crews since the beginning of combat crew training at Langley Field, Virginia. We grew close to one another and learned to function as a team. We had to. In Korea the mountainous terrain and the enemy didnt let too many mistakes pass unnoticed. We lived, flew. and, on occasion, died together. It was always in the dark of the night, as a crew, alone. A strong bond developed within the crew. Years later it is still strong. Details of events back then have faded with time, but the feelings remain undiminished. As far as personnel were concerned we had as diverse a group of men as could be found anywhere on earth, with the possible exception of the French Foreign Legion. A good number of our men were WWII combat veterans and Regular Air Force. Others were also WWII combat veterans but were recalled Reservists who, understandably, would have preferred to be some place other than fighting in Korea. Still another element was the kids fresh out of school. It took all kinds. This combination of age and experience levels created some interesting situations. Sometimes a crew would have a freshly minted 2nd Lieutenant as a pilot and aircraft commander, while the navigator was a well-seasoned captain. A few hairy night missions in the north soon adjusted priorities and leveled personalities„and that included the ground crews. There cannot be enough said about the ground crews and maintenance personnel and their devotion to keeping us flying. Before taking off on a mission, the crew chief was there waiting for us to assure us that the aircraft was in perfect running condition. And he waited there for us to return. Simply put, he was willing to do whatever it takesŽ to have a successful mission. The aircraft At one time or another during the Korean War we were allocated just about every type and version of the Douglas B-26 Invader that was ever built. Perhaps it should be said rebuilt, as they had been built during WWII and most had seen prior service. Generally, by the time we received them they had been modified and updated. The nose wheel strut and support seemed to be the only structural weakness of the Invader. Even at that, it took a fair amount of abuse to collapse one. Many of these same planes would be supplied to the French forces in Indo-China after we finished with them in Korea. Then, a decade later, we used them again in Vietnam. Age and long hard service finally caught up with the B-26 during the early part of that war. Several were lost when in-flight structural failures occurred with the loss of crew and aircraft. Overall, the Douglas B-26 Invader was one tough airplane. I dont think combat aircraft were meant to be comfortable, and our Invaders were no exception to the rule. They were freezing in the winter, but we did have heated suits, boiling in the summer, leaky when it rained. They posed a gymnastic challenge to climb into. But, they were probably no better or worse than any of the other aircraft of that era. The Douglas B-26, like the Martin B-26, is a good-looking airplane. Even painted black, like our planes were in Korea, they had class„sort of like consorting with an expensive Lady of the Night!Ž The Enemy Flying the type of missions we did, we got to know the enemy on an almost personal basis. At times they would seem about as familiar as some of our own people; they were more predictable anyway. Although we rarely, if ever, saw enemy personnel in the dark, we learned to know and grudgingly respect them from their habits and perseverance. Most missions were 4 to 5 hours long; with about half of that time spent prowling as close to the ground as we could get without becoming a statistic. Almost all of our flying was done over extremely rugged and hostile terrain and in narrow mountain valleys with winding roads. It was all very intimidating and I dont recall ever really adjusting to it. Flak traps were common, and if we were caught low and slowŽ in a valley it was bad news. There just wasnt much room to maneuver to evade the flak guns without getting smeared on a hillside. In modern day business jargon you could say, Our options were extremely limited.Ž Sometimes we would encounter a coordinated series of flak Please turn to INVADER on page 79 In Korea the mountainous terrain and the enemy didnt let too many mistakes pass unnoticed. We lived, flew, and, on occasion, died together. It was always in the dark of the night, as a crew, alone.

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76 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards helped found the Memorial, was given an award for her dedication to its upkeep. Ch. 300 Commander John Thompson was the MC of the ceremony. Ch. 299 Founder Jeff Brodeur, Past Commander Al McCarthy, and KCG Kim were guest speakers. Joe McCallion, one of the original founders of the KWVA, read a poem. Jeff Brodeur, 48 Square Rigger Ln., Hyannis, MA 02601 HAWAII Memorial Day 2018 in Hawaii was celebrated at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific at Punchbowl in the morning and at Hawaii State Veterans Cemetery at Kaneohe in the afternoon by KWVA Hawaii Chapter 1 and KWVA Aloha Chapter. Stan Fujii, stan_fujii@hotmail.com MEMORIAL DAY 2018 from page 55 MEMORIAL DAY 2018 from page 55 KWVA group with Consul General Kim at Charlestown, MA Korean Defense plaque at Charlestown, MA Members of Aloha Chapter Attractive program cover designed by students at Kapole High School Each grave decorated withAmerican flag and flower lei by Boy Scouts HawaiiChapter 1 veterans Revisit coordinator Walter Ozawa and assistant Tommy Tahara

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The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 BARRE, VT Here are a few photos I took while attending my 63rd year of the patriotic remembrance of Barres veterans and their thinning ranks! They included two WW2, one Korea, two Vietnam, and several from the many other wars. It struck me that WW2 and the Korean War will soon be only memories as we fade away. I told Tim Hoyt, God willing, save me a ride Nov. 11th for Veterans DayŽ! I know there are many Barre area veterans of various wars and I hope they get the spirit to once again join their fellow vets and demonstrate their patriotism. Tim, the WW2 vet, said And we thought we would be the last to go off to foreign wars!Ž We werent. Tragic, but true! The applauding sidewalk crowd of kids and adults of all ages showed their respect that gives any old veteran a boost of spirit! My thought at Taps was  They gave up all their tomorrows to enable us to have our todayŽ God Bless & Peace, Wayne Pelkey, wppelkey@charter.net CRANFORD, NJ The parade is always led by the VFW, me being the Grand Marshal this year. I drove a WWII jeep through town for about one-and-a-half miles, with crowds on both sides of the street basically shoulder to shoulder. It ended at Memorial Park, where we had a large ceremony on a perfect weather day attended by an estimated 1,000 people. The parade had the VFW, American Legion, policemen, firemen, their cars and trucks, boy scouts, girl scouts, seven different bands playing patriotic songs, 45 motorcycles, antique cars, and about 400 paraders.Ž At the ceremony I gave a talk about my friend with whom I shared a shack at K-9, Korea. He was a WWII retread B-26 pilot recalled to active duty. In civilian life he was a college professor with a wife and two small daughters. We couldnt find him one afternoon. Then we learned why: he had created a school for our Korean house girls to teach them English and about American life. A tour was fifty tough combat missions to destroy anything that moved in North Korea. The policy was to try to find less dangerous missions for the last ten flights. He did not return from the 48th mission. Art Snyder 77 ROTCcadets, Jimmy Shin, and Richard Higa at State Cemetery Wreath bearersBobby Imose and Stan Fujii assisted by Kapolei High School Art Snyder, Grand Marshal of the Cranford, NJ parade WW2 vet Tim Hoyt, 91, driving his new Buick„and chauffer of marked car Korean and Vietnam Vetsfirst in parade after Honor Guard Spaulding High School Junior ROTC always looking sharp for Barre parade Laying of the Wreath by a Gold Star Mother in Barre, VT School bands tooting it up for Barre, VT parade

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78 July August 2018 July August 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards ALABAMA DONALD P. FRANDSEN GEORGE E. MCFALL WILLIAM T. WOODLEY ARIZONA KEITH E. GRAY RICHARD L. HOHMANN LARRY G. MILLS ARKANSAS EARL G. BAIRD CALIFORNIA RICHARD BARBOZA MICHAEL H. BARTOW EDWARD J. CASSESE JOHN D. COOPER ROBERT L. DOWELL VIRGIL CORLESS ELDER CESARIO ESTRADA ROBERT E. GARRINGER GERALD H. HANSON GILBERT L. KNIGGE WINFRED F. MADDEN WILLIAM D. MALSTROM DAVID E. MEREDITH JOHN G. MIHANOVICH ELDON F. MILLS JOHN B. MITCHELL HUBERT R. MURRELL GEORGE B. PAKKALA LAWRENCE B. POLLARD LAWRENCE P. REILLY ANTHONY V. ROCHA SR. ERNEST ROMERO FRANK C. RUIZ KENNETH F. SHATTWELL DONALD W. SYLVIA CONNECTICUT WILLIAM E. BROOKS SR. ROBERT B. DORNFRIED SIDNEY E. GORNISH RAYMOND L. GRACE PAUL J. GRESH MELVIN M. HORWITZ DANIEL J. RICCIO DONALD R. TULEJA DELAWARE DONALD A. RICE THEODORE J. SCHAFER FLORIDA ERNEST F. BLAUM ARTHUR BRYANT ROBERT H. CALDERWOOD PHILLIP E. CATHEY WILSON L. CLOW ROBERT C. DAHN WALTER E. ELSROTH JR. KURT EVERS EDWIN M. FOGELSON HENRY FOLKMAN THOMAS G. SKIP HANNON JOHN G. HICKEY JOHN WAYNE KNAPPMAN SR. GEORGE M. LEWIS HORACE F. LICAUSI JOSEPH C. MARGRAF ROGER L. MARQUARD WILLIAM F. MCDEVITT LOIS E. MCLEOD VALENTINE J. MELINA JEAN J. METHOT JOHN F. MISDOM JR. CARL G. MITCHELL ROBERT A. MOOK SR. LELAND S. NAGY RICHARD PADGETT RUSSELL C. PEEPLES GRANT L. RAULERSON CLARENCE H. RHODES MALCOLM SCHNEIDER IGNATIUS S. SERRA HOWARD SHERMAN SALVATORE SICA DOUGLASS VAN DUSER II WILLIAM C. BILL WEBBER JOHN R. WILLIAMS EDWARD F. YOUNG GILBERT R. ZALESKI IDAHO GEORGE D. ANDERSON RICHARD L. LEMMON DAREN L. MCINTIER ILLINOIS LLOYD E. BRANDAU CHRISTO M. DRAGATSIS BOBBY L. LILLARD WILLIAM W. LOFGREN FREDERICK PERRY VINCENT A. SANZOTTA JAMES A. SARNO HAROLD D. SHOWALTER ROLLAND C. TURNER CHARLES V. WEISHAUPT KENNETH L. WRONKE INDIANA WILBERT CLAYPOOL FLOYD K. CROUSE JR. WILLIAM JOHNSTON ARTHUR J. KUBIAK ROBERT W. PIFER ALFIO V. PIRACCINI WILLIAM D. STALKER DAN R. WILLIAMS IOWA WILLIAM H. LOSEN JOHN L. SCHALLAU LOWELL W. SWANSON KANSAS JOHN D. MILLS CECIL CLAY PHILLIPS KENTUCKY RAYMOND H. COTTRELL LAWRENCE T. HANNEKEN WILLIAM MOKAS LOUISIANA ALFRED S. BORDELON ANDREW GUIDRY JR. JOHN KENNETH LEITHMAN THOMAS O. PERRY JR. MAINE LAWRENCE C. LANDER ALFRED L. MEISTER ERNEST TIBBALS MARYLAND CHARLES A. KEARNEY JOHN M. LOVE OTTO B. SMITH MASSACHUSETTS JOHN L. BELL RUNE E. BORGMAN PETER E. BURKE JOHN J. BUTLER RALPH E. CHAFFEE DONALD R. CHRISTIAN MARTIN P. CIVIN JONATHAN F. DEDRICK LAURENT C. DOIRE ROBERT J. GABLOSKY JAMES J. GEILFUSS ROGER J. HARE CHESTER L. HOLMES JAMES A. IMBROGNA THOMAS F. KETTELL JR. HARVEY H. LAMPRON EMERY A. LANGLOIS ORRIN R. MILLER JOHN A. MOONEY C. RICHARD RISAS RICHARD J. RODGERS RICHARD M. THOMAS EDWARD M. TOLAND MICHIGAN DANIEL L. BENSTROM RAYMOND F. GEROMETTE KEVIN H. GRIGNON ORDON D. HIERLIHY JR. ROGER W. NIELSEN KEITH C. SYPHER PAUL R. TAHTINEN HERBERT C. VANDERHORST MINNESOTA LUVERN AXNESS CLIFTON A. GUSTAFSON JR. JAMES P. LAUER ARLO L. LUETH CHARLES R. PERRAULT GARY A. RUDIGER HARLAN G. SCHWERIN NORBERT JOHN VANYO GERALD E. JERRY WILSON MISSISSIPPI FRANKLIN S. HEAVNER THURMAN E. PARRISH MISSOURI EDWARD P. AUSMUS ART M. BECK ROBERT L. BEVAN LOUIE L. BROWN WILBERT A. CASTEN ALFRED D. COLBERT DONALD F. CULLEN CLARENCE R. CZESCHIN JAMES M. FLAHERTY DAVID I. GOACHER BENJAMIN R. HESS RALPH L. HOLIMAN CHARLES J. KEILTY BOB D. NESMEYER LAYTON W. REHMEIER WILLIAM H. BILL SANFORD RICHARD SELLMANN GEORGE R. SPEARS KENNETH W. THORNTON NEBRASKA GLEN H. MARTIN NEVADA GEORGE S. KENT RICHARD W. MILLER NEW HAMPSHIRE ARTHUR J. DESHAIES ERNEST J. DOWLING JANE S. KIRK NEW JERSEY CURTIS D. BRUNKOW JOSEPH A. BUGIADA EUGENE M. CORCORAN WILLIAM J. DOOLEY EUGENE P. FEURY HARRY J. HENRY EDWARD M. KOLBE JR. JOHN J. LOWNEY MAX MANDIS NORMAN MARTIN DONALD F. PIRRO EMILY R. ROOT GERALD HANS SCHUMANN NEW MEXICO DONALD G. ARP DON R. PATTERSON NEW YORK ANTHONY L. BIANCO HERBERT J. BLAUERT JOSEPH A. CARRANO VINCENT F. CHONSKI ROBERT F. CHRISTMAN PETER J. COSTIGAN RALPH A. CREMONESE ROGER P. DAEFFLER JOSEPH DEVIVO ARTHUR L. DUNCKELMAN JOHN FESSENDEN ROBERT J. FOLEY ELEANOR L. GARZ THOMAS F. HIGGINS RONALD J. HOOK IRWIN KAHN ROBERT L. KELLS ALFRED KLAGES JOSEPH A. LAGANA JEFFREY H. LAWRENCE HAROLD R. LAWSON BRUCE E. LEWIS CONO LOMBARDI CHARLES E. MAHAN BILLY J. MARTIN WILLIAM J. MATTES ALBERT R. MEMMELAAR JACK W. PERKINS DANIEL D. RUSCILLO SR. ARNOLD J. STEGMAN ELIZABETH TABOR DEFOREST W. TRUMAN LUIS VILLAFANE RICHARD VOEHRINGER NORTH CAROLINA ROBERT M. HALL JACK W. HALLBERG OHIO THOMAS E. AYERS MICHAEL BARBORAK DALE A. CAMPBELL EDWIN DEWITT LLOYD A. EDWARDS LLOYD W. HARMS HARRY O. HARVEY DONALD J. HENTHORN THOMAS E. HILLMAN III JOHN T. HUTCHISON JAMES H. JARVIS RICHARD W. KOKER JACK H. MAYSE JOSEPH E. MILLER DANIEL M. MONTVILLE SR. WILLIAM W. NIEBUHR WILLIAM J. OTY JOHN F. PIFHER WALTER F. SCHNEIDER JAMES R. SHEPPARD THOMAS N. TRAVIS HERBERT T. WILDE LEONARD E. WRIGHT OKLAHOMA PETER M. BAILEY JAMES W. LAUGHLIN ELMO F. PHILLIPS MICHAEL R. PRESTIANNI JAMES B. SCHLATHER CHARLES S. TAYLOR OREGON WILLIAM L. BOLAND ROBERT O. NOVAK KAYE D. SNYDER CLAYTON H. THOMPSON PENNSYLVANIA ROBERT W. BRETZ GEORGE W. BUTZ MICHAEL J. CONDE JAMES G. W. DENNIS Last Call All of us in the Korean War Veterans Association extend our sincere sympathy to the families and friends of those listed below. May they rest in peace.

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79 The Graybeards The Graybeards July August 2018 July August 2018 GEORGE DUNKLEY FRANK E. FAY JR. DENNIE HEARLD JR. JOSEPH J. KIRBY CLAYTON MELSON DUNCAN D. METZGER LAWRENCE A. MOLITORIS EDWARD NEWMAN EDWARD L. SOUKUP ROBERT W. STRYKER RHODE ISLAND DAVID E. BARTON JAMES P. DEGNAN THERESA M. KEENAN DONALD LARGE JAMES LEONARD MARSLAND ROBERT T. RANDALL ANGELO SETTE SOUTH CAROLINA IRBY T. GRANT WILLIAM B. HARRIS JAMES E. MEADOR DALE R. MERRITT SOUTH DAKOTA WARREN STONE TENNESSEE GEORGE R. FAGER JR. CHARLES A. SETTLE SR. ROGER R. VANREKOM TEXAS ALBERT N. CAULLEY RICHARD K. CHAMBERLAIN JAMES T. GILL OLIVER K. HILL RALPH L. LONG RICHARD W. MILLER KENNETH C. MUELLER GEORGE SIERRA WILLIE J. THAGARD LEON TURMAN DONALD S. TURNER SAMUEL VELA CHARLES STANTON VERRET SR. ROBERT F. WALSH W. B. WOODRUFF JR. UTAH DON G. REAVELEY VIRGINIA RAYMOND LEE HARDING SR. MARVIN E. MAYGARDEN MARK S. MEYERS JOHN G. MORELAND ROMUALD N. NICKLES RICHARD W. SMITH WASHINGTON NICK ALEX RICHARD L. PAYNE WEST VIRGINIA JAMES E. ENNIS WALTER FERRELL JR. FRANK F. PERROCK BOBBY B. THOMPSON WISCONSIN ROBERT R. BERTZ JOHN G. KOLLER JR. HARRY G. SCHULTZ REUBEN C. TIEDT UNKNOWN HOWARD I. DUNLAP traps. Each enemy gun crew would let the next one know you were coming their way. The reception we received was at times spectacular. After a night of that kind of activity it sometimes was difficult to relax or sleep after returning to home base. Once the aircraft was parked and secured, a Jeep transported us to HQ to be debriefed by Intelligence. To get ready for that, we were given Old MethuselahŽ or, when available, Seagrams V.O.Ž medicinal liquid (debriefing booze) to relax us to respond to Intels questions. This liquidŽ sometimes helped. The ritual happened after every mission as we were debriefed. FIGMOŽ Ribbon The FIGMO Ribbon was a 37th Squadron tradition, as history would say it always was. But to the best of todays knowledge, which I can attest to, specifically from the 17th Bomb Wing (L) N/I, K-9, Korea. 34th, 37th & 95th Squadrons, it is as follows: What is it? The ribbon is approximately 10Ž long, and Ž wide, gold in color with a black banding and is one of the most cherished ribbons to receiveƒUpon receipt of this ribbon, it is the authorization to PCS to the ZI. How it is earned? It is earned in two sequential stages. 1. Successfully complete the authorized number of sorties. 2. Upon completion of the last mission and during and after debriefing from Intel, a medicinalŽ liquid is presented to the FIGMO Ribbon recipient which has the FIGMO Ribbon attached from the distillery (Seagrams V.O.) This was in lieu of Old Methuselah. Upon successfully dispensing this medicinal liquid by the recipient and fellow crew members, the Ribbon is removed from the container holding this liquid and the Senior Officer presents it to the recipient with a gracious salute and handshake. This ribbon is to be worn as part of their uniform until date of departure. The ribbon is placed on the zipper handle on the upper left of the flight jacket. Our FIGMO mission was significant, other than being your last mission. At debriefing, instead of Old MethuselahŽ to relax you during debriefing, you were honored with Seagrams VO, which was shared with your crew and others on completion of the required missions. On the neck of the bottle was a Gold Ribbon with black edges. I still have mine on my flight jacket! Epilogue What did we do to aid in the effort to bring about the July 27, 1953 armistice? I do not know the specifics of the 37th, but below is the information of the 3 B-26 Wings that served in Korea: the 3rd, 17th and 452nd. The information below is from WIKIPEDIA … probably as accurate as any that can be found. When the North Korean Army invaded the South on 25 June 1950, the USAF was critically short of flight bombers. The B-26 Invaders in Japan proved to be valuable in the night interdiction role and it fell to the B-26 to fly the first and last bombing missions of the Korean War. Their first mission was on 28 June 1950, when they attacked the railroads supplying the enemy forces over South Korea. Their first attack on North Korea was on 29 June, when they bombed the main airfield in Pyongyang. The Invaders of the 3rd, 17th and 452nd Bomb Wings flew some 60,000 sorties and were credited with the destruction of 38,500 vehicles, 3,700 railway cars and 406 locomotives. The B-26 had the honor of flying the last combat sortie of the Korean War when, 24 minutes before the Armistice Agreement went into effect on 27 July 1953, a B-26 of the 3rd Bomb Wing dropped the last bombs of the Korean War.Ž As a note, the following is printed in the booklet Within Limits,Ž entitled The U.S. Air Force and the Korean War,Ž by Wayne Thompson and Bernard C. Nalty, published by the Air Force History and Museum Program in 1956: What is needed to improve effectiveness of Interdiction was not more bombs dropped from high flying B-29s but low-altitude aircraft that could locate and destroy truck convoys and trains moving at nightƒ., Air Force B-26sƒŽ Antonio G. Fucci/FBI/April 2017 Black Knight/37th Bomb Squadron (L) Night Intruder K-9 This slice of history was prepared by Antonio Fucci and edited by my fellow Black Knights Ted Baker, Don Eaton, Bob Reynolds and Charles Tucker. INVADER from page 75

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Address Service Requested NON-PROFIT ORG US POSTAGE PAID Jacksonville, FL PERMIT NO. 3Korean War Veterans Association, P.O. Box 407, Charleston, IL 61920Sacrifice and Remembrance: United Nations Command Chaplain Army Col. Sam Lee performs a blessing of sacrifice and remembrance on the 55 cases of remains returned by North Korea at Osan Air Base, South Korea, July 27, 2018. Army photo by Sgt. Quince Lanford.