The Graybeards

Material Information

The Graybeards
Alternate Title:
Korea veterans The Graybeards
Korean War Veterans Association
Place of Publication:
Charleston, IL
Korean War Veterans Association
Publication Date:
Six times a year
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
1950-1953 ( fast )
Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Veterans -- Societies, etc -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Veterans -- Societies, etc ( fast )
Periodicals. ( fast )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )
Periodicals ( fast )


Issuing Body:
Korean War Veterans Association
General Note:
"Official publication of the Korean War Veterans Association"--Masthead subtitle, <2012>

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Korean War Veterans Association. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
53445104 ( OCLC )

UFDC Membership

Digital Military Collection


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2 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Editor Arthur G. Sharp 2473 New Haven Circle Sun City Center, FL 33573-7141 Ph: 813-614-1326 Advertising Manager Gerald W. Wadley Finisterre Publishing Inc. 3 Black Skimmer Ct Beaufort, SC 29907 843-521-1896 Publisher Finisterre Publishing Inc. 3 Black Skimmer Ct Beaufort, SC 29907 Membership Office Address Changes, Corrections, & All Membership Questions Sheila Fritts Membership Administrative Assistant PO Box 407 Charleston, IL 61920-0407 Ph: 217-345-4414 Webmaster Jim Doppelhammer Double Hammer Computer Services 430 W. Lincoln Ave. Charleston, IL 61920-7471 Ph: 217-512-9474 National Headquarters President Tom Stevens 5301 W. 122nd Terrace Overland Park, KS 66209 Ph: 913-696-0447, 913-449-7990 (C) Executive Director James R. Fisher 15537 Barrington Place Montclair, VA 22025 Ph: 703-740-7596 Immediate Past President Larry C. Kinard 2108 Westchester Dr Mansfield, TX 76063-5322 Ph: 682-518-1040 1st Vice President Warren H Wiedhahn 13198 Centerpointe Way Ste 202 Woodbridge, VA 22193-5285 Ph: 703-590-1295 2nd Vice President Jeffrey J. Brodeur 48 Square Rigger Ln Hyannis, MA 02601 Ph: 617-997-3148 Secretary Alves J. Key, Jr. 5506 Emerald Park Blvd Arlington, TX 76017-4522 Ph: 817-472-7743 Membership Manager & Assistant Secretary Jacob L. Feaster, Jr. 22731 N Hwy 329, Micanopy, FL 32667 Cell: 352-262-1845 Treasurer Joseph L. Harman LR36534 430 W Lincoln Ave Charleston IL 61920-3021 Ph: 541-752-5588 Assistant Treasurer Kyle Roberts, 443-853-5124 (C) 202746-4232 Directors Term 2015-2018Narce Caliva 102 Killaney Ct Winchester, VA 22602-6796 Ph: 540-545-8403 (C) Cell: 540-760-3130 Robert F. Fitts 2511 22nd. Ave. Rock Island, IL 61201 Ph 309-793-1292, (C) 309-269-1937 Harder, Bruce R. 'Rocky' 1047 Portugal Dr Stafford, VA 22554-2025 Ph: 540-659-0252 Lewis Vaughn 623 Ashley Commons Ct. Greer, SC 29651 Ph 864-848-0368: (C) 864-593-5754 Term 2016-2019 George J. Bruzgis 230 Legion Pl Haledon, NJ 07508-1420 Ph: 973-956-8672 David J. Clark PO Box 552 Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-0552 Ph: 703-695-2186; Cell: 781-913-2735 Paul H. Cunningham 1841 Pool Frg Lancaster, PA 17601-4627 Ph: 717-299-1990 Luther W. Dappen 510 W Pipestone Ave Flandreau, SD 57028-1619 Ph: 605-997-2847 Term 2017-2020 Eddie L. Bell Sr. 1105 Craig St Copperas Cove, TX 76522-3206 Ph: 254-661-4673 Wilfred E. 'Bill' Lack 319 Sulphur Springs Rd Asheville, NC 28806-2518 Ph: 828-253-5709 Thomas M. McHugh 217 Seymour RD Hackettstown, NJ 07840-1001 Ph: 908-852-1964 L. T. Whitmore 5625 Canterbury Ln Suffolk, VA 23435-1605 Ph: 757-483-9784 Appointed/Assigned Staff Judge Advocate William B. Burns 134 Saddlestone Place Apt F Camillus, NY 13031 Ph: 315-487-1750, National Legislative Director Lewis R. Vaughn 623 Ashley Commons Ct Greer, SC 29651-5796 Ph: 864-848-0368; (C) 864-593-5754 National Legislative Assistant Roy J. Burkhart PO Box 204 Willow, AK 99688 Ph: 907-841-9162,RoyBurkhart702@gmail.comNational Veterans Service Officer (VSO) Richard RockyŽ Hernandez Sr. 114 Daffodil Dr. Killeen, TX 76542-1819 PH: 254-702-1009, National VAVS Director J. D. Randolph 1523 Pinebluff Dr., Allen, TX 75002-1870 Ph: 972-359-2936, POW/MIA Coordinator Bruce RockyŽ Harder 1047 Portugal Dr. Stafford, VA 22554-2025 Ph: 540-659-0252, KWVA Liaison to Canadian KVA Warren Wiedhahn (See 1st Vice President) KWVA Liaison to Korean-American Assn. Jongwoo Han 310 Summerhaven Dr N East Syracuse, NY 13057-3127 Ph: 315-637-9836, Chaplain Emeritus Robert Personette 7136 Oak Leaf Drive, Santa Rosa, CA 95409 Ph: 707-539-7276, National Chaplain John W. 'Jack' Keep 3416 Mountain Rd Front Royal, VA 22630-8720 Ph: 540-631-9213 jkeepsr@centurylink.netNational Assistant Chaplin Paul K. Kim 254 Concord Ave. Cambridge MA 02138-1337 617 877-1930 KWVA Committees Budget/Finance Committee Bruce Harder (See Directors) Joe Harman (See Treasurer) Bylaws Committee Narce Caliva (see Directors) Membership/Recruiting Committee Eddie L. Bell Sr. (See Directors) Sonny Edwards 14370 Mill Swamp Rd Smithfield, VA 23430-3536 Ph: 757-357-2331, Election Committee Tim Whitmore Resolutions Committee Luther W Dappen (See Directors) Tine Martin Fund Raising Committee Wilfred E. BillŽ Lack (See Directors) Tom McHugh (See Directors) Tell America Committee A. J. Key, Chairman (See Secretery) Tell America Materials Coodinator A. J. Key, Chairman (See Secretary) Revisit Committee Warren Wiedhahn (See 1st Vice President) Ethics and Grievance Committee Stephen Szekely, Chairman National Ceremonies Committee David Clark (See Directors) Awards Committe Robert Fitts (see Directors) Scholarships Lewis M. Lew Ewing In loving memory of General Raymond Davis, our Life Honorary President, Deceased. We Honor Founder William T. Norris See detailed list of committees at WWW.KWVA.US The G raybeards is the official publication of the Korean War Veterans Association (KWVA). It is published six times a year for members and private distribution. Subscriptions available for $30.00/year (see address below). MAILING ADDRESS FOR CHANGE OF ADDRESS: Administrative Assistant, P.O. Box 407, Charleston, IL 61920-0407. MAILING ADDRESS TO SUBMIT MATERIAL / CONTACT EDITOR: Graybeards Editor, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573-7141. MAILING ADDRESS OF THE KWVA: P.O. Box 407, Charleston, IL 61920-0407. WEBSITE:


3 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 Once again it is my privilege to communicate with the members of our fine KWVA. Sadly, this is my farewell message. I find that words, or at least my command of them, fail to express my deep feelings as I approach the end of my two-year term as President. Ive had experiences and interactions with our members and government officials that will remain with me the rest of my life. Ive been fortunate to involve my wife, Barbara, in most of these encounters. Above all else, I hope that as I leave office KWVA is a stronger organization, more than ever in tune with the times. I do not intend that as a criticism of the previous administration. I have the deepest respect for my predecessor, Larry Kinard, and all he did to improve our operations and the prestige with which KWVA is regarded. I hope during my presidency progress is made to perpetuate our legacy, as it was during Larry Kinards. Another great thing about serving as the KWVA President is all the wonderful people we have encountered. It would be difficult to name them all. Suffice it to say that we made a lot of new friends in Washington, D.C. and around this great country of ours. There is on page 12 a letter dated May 1, 2018 that I wrote to President Trump in which I state for his and others edification and consideration what has become the official KWVA position regarding recent events on the Korean Peninsula. By now, much more will probably have happened. If we need to update our position that is my successors responsibility. Please do not construe the letter as a political statement. Since our membership is aligned so closely with and concerned about events significantly impacting Korea, we felt it necessary to go on record with a statement that would leave no doubt about where we stand. That letter has no relationship to any political affiliation. I would be remiss if I did not thank the KWVA Board and Officers for the work they have performed for the betterment of KWVA during my tenure. I single out in particular our Executive Director, Mr. Jim Fisher. I could not imagine a more pleasant and capable person. I often wonder what we did before Jim came on board. He has been an absolute lifesaver for me and our entire organization. THANK YOU, JIM!!!!!!! I remind you of the ad hoc Visions & Mission Committee. Theyve been hard at work preparing their recommendation that will be presented at the July 26th Board meeting. National Secretary A.J. Key is assimilating the committees work into a PowerPoint presentation. We hope it will be a roadmap into the future for KWVA. If you have input that youd like the committee to consider, please get in touch with Mr. Doug Voss, (616) 250-2993, Barbara and I were invited to participate in a ceremony on April 18, 2018, to unveil a new Korean War Memorial on the campus of The College of the Ozarks, Point Lookout, MO. During the luncheon preceding the unveiling ceremony I had the pleasure of meeting a number of Korean War veterans from the St. Louis area, including Mr. Terry Bryant, State Commander for Missouri. In my wildest dreams I could not have imagined what a memorable event that would be. It was attended by approximately 1,500 people. I was at the podium for about twelve minutes, during which I was privileged (with Sams permission) to recite Sam Fielder, Jr.s The Forgotten War.Ž What an appropriate audience for that rendition. The ceremony was one well never forget. We were pleased to learn that The College of the Ozarks, its administration, and the student body are religiously and veteran oriented. All those we encountered during this event were very friendly and respectful of Korean War veterans. We felt extremely honored to be a small part of such a memorable occasion. Two other memories that occurred during my term that stand out are breakfast at the White House and meeting V.P. Pence and South Korean President Moon Jae-in. The three of us were honored to lay a wreath at the Korean War Memorial in honor of those who were lost during the Korean War. These events, along with KWVA being the host VSO on Veterans Day, 2017 at Arlington National Cemetery gave KWVA exposure that simply could not be purchased. Speaking of Veterans Day 2017, a lot of people did exemplary work to make that happen, especially the Chairman of that event, Mr. Paul Cunningham. THANK YOU PAUL!!! Congratulations are due to my successor, Paul Cunningham. If I can be of assistance all he has to do is ask. No one really knows the magnitude and responsibilities that are inherent in this position unless theyve been there and done that. I am willing to do whatever is needed. Thank you every one of you for allowing me to serve as your President, 2016-2018. KWVA LIVES ON! Respectfully, Tom Stevens From the PresidentTom Stevens THE GRAYBEARDS DEADLINES Articles to be published in the The Graybeards must be received by the editor no later than the 15th day of the first month of that issue. „Editor. Jan-Feb ......................................................................................................Jan 15 Mar-Apr ....................................................................................................Mar 15 May-June ..................................................................................................May 15 July-Aug ....................................................................................................July 15 Sept-Oct ....................................................................................................Sept 15 Nov-Dec ......................................................................................................Nov 15 Sadly, this is my farewell message. I find that words, or at least my command of them, fail to express my deep feelings as I approach the end of my two-year term as President.


4 Business From the President........................................................................3 Thanks for Supporting The Graybeards and the KWVA ....................6 From the Secretary........................................................................7 Official Membership Application Form ......................................69 Application for Korea Revisit & PCFY Tours ..............................78 Features & Articles Mapping my time in Korea..........................................................14 Humor in Korea............................................................................15 Fletchers Korea..........................................................................16 Angels or Goony Birds?: Part 1 ..................................................20 Missing Dogfaces, due diligence, disinterment, and home......26 Because I Love You......................................................................44 Where were you on July 27th?....................................................56 A Portion of my life: Kentucky Windage......................................72 The 40th Divisions first casualty................................................74 Departments The Editors Desk ..........................................................................9 Reunion Calendar 2018..............................................................24 Tell America..................................................................................28 Chapter & Department News ......................................................32 Feedback/Return Fire ..................................................................58 Welcome Aboard ........................................................................68 Last Call ......................................................................................71 News & Notes Past KWVA president Dick Adams passes......................................6 The Meaning of the Flag-Draped Coffin........................................8 Korean War Memorial Dedicated in Fall River, MA ......................7 2018 Officer Election Results......................................................10 Korean War MIAs Recently Identified..........................................10 Memorial Day (Poem)..................................................................10 36 Fighter (Bomber) Squadron Anniversary..............................11 Long-time POW and veterans activist passes............................12 The KWVAs Official Position on Korean Unification..................12 Was your participation in the Korean War worth it? ..................13 100 Orphans and a Nun ................................................................22 The 2018 KWVA Fundraider ............................................................24 91st MP Bn. Korea (1952-54)......................................................43 2018 KWVA Fundraiser................................................................25 Captain Stamford, USMC and his TACP....................................31 WANTED: One U.S. Marine to reinforce Leatherneck at Korean War Historical Seminar ..................................................48 Gen. Milley speaks at Korean War ceremony......................................51 How the N.Y. Yankees benefited from the Korean War..............51 News you can use ......................................................................52 Epstein and Beachchamp............................................................56 Rotation Blues No. 2....................................................................68 The Vicissitudes of War................................................................75 Memorable Korea Armed Forces Day 2018................................77 May …June 2018CONTENTS CONTENTS 20 72 51 11 COVER:Three U.S. Army Medal of Honor recipients participated in a Full Honors Wreath-Laying Ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on March 23, 2018 to commemorate National Medal of Honor Day: Maj. Gen. Michael Howard, commander, Military District of Washington, who hosted the trio, Lt. Col. Charles Kettles (ret.), Spc. 5 James McCloughan, and Korean War veteran Cpl. Ronald Rosser (L-R). (U.S. Army photo by Elizabeth Fraser / Arlington National Cemetery / released)


5 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018


6 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards GRAYBEARDS DONATIONSAdolf, FredNJ Bosma, Stephen F.CA IMO CPL Albert C. Bosma 45th Inf. DAmario, Alfred J.FL Dowe, R. Michael Jr.TX Dugan, BarryNJ IMO Joe Cpl Caterra (USMC), IMO Artie Colacino (USAF), IMO Al C Zarnecki (USMC), IMO Tom Brereton (USA), IMO Marty Wilk (USMC Chosin Few) Henderson, H. RayCA Kriszat, E. FredPA Oliz, AlexAR CID 22 Aex Guilliland Ottley, Dennis J.WY Roethke, Charles A.TX Sortillo, ElliottTX Torgerson, Allen E.MN Wigmore, StephenMAKWVA DONATIONSCipriano, Richard N.WA Costella, Andrew J.NY Daly, Ronald M.GA Hitt, Dr. Wm. LloydCA Hoehn, William C. (Bill)MN IMO William Alan Maher Kim, Richard P.HI IMO Robert D. Qatier … Chan Jay Kim Mewborn, Joan B.FL Ohlau, Melvin H. (2)NJ Peterson, Merle J.MN Post, Kenneth (Ken) E. Jr.CT CID 011 Greater Danbury Radke, Raymond W.WA Sissel, Richard G.IA Slugocki, AlbertFL Thomas, Robert E.CA Woodard, Jimmy E.ALNMSThe following are all individual NMSs: IMO Sam Briggs Jr. IMO Charles Crocher, Springfield IL (5) IMO Norman Gagnon Tom J. Pittman Sr. 73rd Tank Bn. Gerald Van Brunt Pastor Billy Brown Joseph Belock Betty Leftwich Cauthen Antonio Sanchez Charlie League Jr Floyd Webster, Williamsport PA Eugene Sinko Emory H. Gouge Thanks for Supporting The Graybeards and the KWVA CONTRIBUTOR LOCATION CONTRIBUTOR LOCATION Members are invited to help underwrite the publication costs of The Graybeards. All contributions in any amount are welcome. Mail your donations to KWVA Treasurer, 430 W. Lincoln Ave., Charleston, IL 61920 or Treasurer@KWVA.US All contributions will be acknowledged, unless the donor specifically requests to remain anonymous. And, if you have an In memory ofŽ (IMO) request, include that as well. We thank you for your generous suppor t. LEGEND: IMO = In Memory Of; NMS = Non Member Sales Former KWVA National President Richard (Dick) Adams reported to his final duty post on December 11th, 2017 after a short illness. Richard was born on September 4, 1932. He grew up in Porterville, CA. He proudly served in the United States Army during the Korean War as a Tank Commander in the 24th Division Recon Company. Dick earned two Purple Hearts and the Bronze Star of Valor. Adams was a vital hand in establishing the Korean War Veterans Memorial in Washington D C. As a Congressional Delegate he was instrumental in bringing home MIA remains from North Korea. In 1953 he met Mary Ann Gordon, to whom he was married for 64 years. He retired from Raisin City Co-Op Cotton Gin after 40 years of service as the Cotton Gin Manager. Those left to cherish his memories are his wife, Mary Ann; son Thomas and wife Nan; son Richard; granddaughter Kristen and husband Rusty Newburry, and granddaughter Kari Griffith and 13 greatgrandchildren. Dick was buried on December 22, 2017 at the Bakersfield National Cemetery in Arvin, CA. Dick was so proud of all of the continued hard work members of the KWVA continue to do to keep the public informed about the Korean War. Anyone who wishes to make a donation in his name is invited to do so at Caruthers Veterans Memorial, PO Box 837, Caruthers, CA 93609 or Central Valley Honor Flight, 5260 North Palm Ave. #122 Fresno, CA 93704. Thanks to Mary Ann Adams, PO Box 334, Caruthers, CA 93609 for the above info. Past KWVA president Dick Adams passes Past KWVA President Richard Adams BUSINESS


Defense Veterans in Korea and KWVA Cares for VeteransDuring the Korean War, 1,789,000 American military personnel served in theater. Over 36,574 were KIA and 103,284 wounded. 1 And, their legacy of courage and determination ended open warfare with an armistice that has often been tested by the DPRK. Over the last 65 years an estimated 2,600,000 American military personnel have served hardship toursŽ of duty in the Republic of Korea. 2 During those years 89 were KIA (82 in years 1966-70), and136 wounded (123 in years 1966-70). 3 Sadly, the numbers of Korea vets killed in non-hostile events and other causes is not readily available. The service of Korea Defense Veterans in securing the armistice on the Korean peninsula was essential to maintaining regional stability and stopping the spread of communism in East Asia. I restate this information we all know to help build the essential interdependence between Korean War era vets and Defense era Korea vets. As mentioned in a prior article, KWVA executive leadership established a committee to review KWVA activities that fulfill our Mission Statement. One of the issues impacting a segment of Korea Defense vets is Agent Orange. According to various VA reports, it was deployed in Korea from April 1968 to August 31 of 1971. Recent VA Compensation information published on January 19, 2018 reports, in part, the following regarding Agent Orange compensation eligibility. Eligibility Service in Vietnam or Korea VA presumes that Veterans were exposed to Agent Orange or other herbicides if they served: € In Vietnam anytime between January 9, 1962 and May 7, 1975, including brief visits ashore or service aboard a ship that operated on the inland waterways of Vietnam € In or near the Korean demilitarized zone anytime between April 1, 1968 and August 31, 1971 If you fall into either category listed above, you do not have to show that you were exposed to Agent Orange to be eligible for disability compensation for diseases VA presumes are associated with it.Ž 4 The full impact on use of Agent Orange in Korea and Vietnam is not yet known. It is important that all veterans have access to dates and specific locations where Agent Orange was tested or deployed; and the most current information on VA Compensation information as noted above. Research is underway to establish a link on the KWVA webpage with all available relevant Agent Orange deployment information links and findings. References: 1. Americas Wars Fact Sheet, Office of Public Affairs, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, April 2017 pdf 2. Kane, Tim. Global U.S. Troop Deployment, 1950-2005, Heritage Foundation, May 24, 2006 3. Wittels, Stephen. KOREAN PENINSULA CLASHES (1955… 2010). Center for Preventive Action (November 2010) nsula_Clashes.pdf 4. Veterans Exposed to Agent Orange … Compensation, Department of Veterans Affairs, January 19, 2018. 7 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 From the SecretaryAlves J. AJŽ Key BUSINESS AKorean War Memorial honoring and naming 47 Massachusetts veterans who lost their lives during the war was dedicated by the Fall River Veterans Council, with over 100 residents in attendance. KWVA Life Member Melvin Earl Gaudette of Fall River was honored to assist the Gold Star Mothers in the unveiling of the monument. He was also recognized by the Fall River Veterans Day Parade Committee as the Grand Marshall last year. Gaudette is a member of the US Navy Cruiser Sailors Association and served on the USS Manchester (CL-83). Korean War Memorial Dedicated in Fall River, MA Melvin Earl Gaudette wearing his medals from Korea, China, Japan, and Cold War Cuba service, as well as the Ambassador for Freedom Medal from the Republic of Korea One of the issues impacting a segment of Korea Defense vets is Agent Orange. According to various VA reports, it was deployed in Korea from April 1968 to August 31 of 1971.


Please pass it along and be proud of the country we live in, and even more proud of those who serve to protect our GOD GIVEN rights and freedoms. I hope you take the time to read this ... To understand what the flag draped coffin really means... Here is how to understand the flag that laid upon it and is surrendered to so many widows and widowers: do you know that at military funerals, the 21-gun salute stands for the sum of the numbers in the year 1776? Have you ever noticed that the honor guard pays meticulous attention to correctly folding the United States of America Flag 13 times? You probably thought it was to symbolize the original 13 colonies, but we learn something new every day! € The 1st fold of the flag is a symbol of life. € The 2nd fold is a symbol of the belief in eternal life. € The 3rd fold is made in honor and remembrance of the veterans departing the ranks who gave a portion of their lives for the defense of the country to attain peace throughout the world. € The 4th fold represents the weaker nature, for as American citizens trusting in God, it is to Him we turn in times of peace as well as in time of war for His divine guidance. € The 5th fold is a tribute to the country, for in the words of Stephen Decatur, Our Country, in dealing with other countries, may she always be right; but it is still our country, right or wrong. € The 6th fold is for where peoples hearts lie. It is with their heart that they pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with Liberty and Justice for all. € The 7th fold is a tribute to its Armed Forces, for it is through the Armed Forces that they protect their country and their flag against all her enemies, whether they be found within or without the boundaries of their republic. € The 8th fold is a tribute to the one who entered into the valley of the shadow of death, that we might see the light of day. € The 9th fold is a tribute to womanhood, and mothers. For it has been through their faith, their love, loyalty and devotion that the character of the men and women who have made this country great has been molded. € The 10th fold is a tribute to the father, for he, too, has given his sons and daughters for the defense of their country since they were first born. € The 11th fold represents the lower portion of the seal of King David and King Solomon and glorifies in the Hebrews eyes, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. € The 12th fold represents an emblem of eternity and glorifies, in the Christians eyes, God the Father, the Son and Holy Spirit. € The 13th fold, or when the flag is completely folded, the stars are uppermost reminding them of their Nations motto, In God We Trust. After the flag is completely folded and tucked in, it takes on the appearance of a cocked hat, ever reminding us of the soldiers who served under General George Washington, and the Sailors and Marines who served under Captain John Paul Jones, who were followed by their comrades and shipmates in the Armed Forces of the United States, preserving for them the rights, privileges and freedoms they enjoy today. There are some traditions and ways of doing things that have deep meaning. In the future, youll see flags folded and now you will know why. Please share this with the children you love and all others who love what is referred to as the symbol of Liberty and Freedom. The Meaning of the Flag-Draped Coffin National KWVA Fund Raiser Flower Rose of SharonThe Rose of Sharon is the National KWVA fund raising flower. The Rose of Sharon is sold by the dozen. Sample order is 4 doz. @ $12 plus $6.35 S/H. Minimum order is 20 doz. @ $60 plus $12.35 S/H. Orders for 21 to 100 doz. @ $3/doz. plus $16 45 S/H Order for 400 doz. or more qualify for a special discount Write or call: Earl House, 1870 Yakona Rd., Baltimore, MD 21234 Phone 410-661-8950. Make Checks payable to: KWVA Maryland Chapter 33 8 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards


9 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 The Editors DeskArt Sharp How did the Korean War shape young peoples perceptions about military service and its impact on life? For JoeyŽ DiBello it provided ambivalent feelings. He had other things to worry about„like surviving sexual abuse from his alcoholic father. Joey is the subject of a recently released book titled Joey: The Street Fox of Newark.Ž (Full disclosure: I am the co-author.) It is the true story of a young man who was born out of wedlock in Newark, New Jersey in 1946, four years before the Korean War began. Joey lived in foster homes until he was about five years old, when his stepgrandfather kidnappedŽ him and brought him home to live with his dysfunctional grandmother, father, and sister. That didnt make Joeys life any easier. Joey looked for an escape from his fathers sexual, mental, and physical abuse. He knew the Korean War was going on because people in his neighborhood spoke about it tangentially, as if it were being fought on Mars. Nevertheless, it started him thinking about military life, even though he was too young to join the armed forces at the time. The thought remained in the back of his mind as he aged. He wrote, And heres a surprise. I suffer from non-service connected posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Hey, you dont have to be a soldier to suffer from PTSD. And, in a way, I am a soldierƒ.Ž His vacillation about serving in the military is a recurring theme in the book. Joey was young when the war began. By 1953 he was only two years away from living alone on the streets of Newark. His memories of the war are vivid, however. And they were not particularly pleasant, as this excerpt from the book describing his fathers girlfriend suggests: [Marsha] had been a nurse during the Korean War. I was not sure which branch of the service she was in, but my sister and I learned quickly that she had no love for Marines. All we had to do to set her off was start singing the Marines Hymn, From the halls of Montezuma to the shores of TripoliƒŽ and she would get aggravated. That was our goal. Naturally, we learned and sang more of the hymn when she was around, even though we did not have a clue about where Montezuma or Tripoli were, and neither of us was going to join the Marines to find out. Marsha was tall, lanky, shabby, and smelled funny, like she had passed her expiration date. Her hair was long and looked like it had not been washed in months. Marshas nails had dirt under them, and she featured a long rugged face. She wore red lipstick that landed everywhere but on her lips. And those were her good features. They hung out in Dads bedroom shouting at each other over who took the last drink. When the booze was gone, so was Marsha. She stayed gone until Dad enticed her back. She wasnt gone enough. Unfortunately, when she was around they expanded their nasty arguments to Nana and me. They were abusive to us as well as to one another. I went back to the streets when their show was in town. Eventually she disappeared altogether.Ž But Joeys perceptions about the war and the people who fought it did not. Admittedly his experience with Korean War veterans was limited to one person, but sometimes that is enough to sour people on the military. It sort of did in his case. By the time he was ten years old Joey was living on the streets of Newark practically by himself. He lived by his wits, liberatingŽ products from local bakeries, stores, dairies, all of which he transported home via bicycle due to his perverse loyalty to his family. His activities did not leave much time for him to attend school. So a kindly judge remanded him to Boystown (not to be confused with the Boys Town in Nebraska), a Catholic Protectory/school in Kearney, New Jersey. He adapted well there„until he was sexually abused by staff members. He could have stayed home for that. Joey reported the abuse to the administrators in 1963, just as he turned eighteen years old. They asked if he had told anyone else. He said no„so they dismissed him from Boystown before he could finish high school. They thoughtfully reported his availability to the draft board, just when the Vietnam War was heating up. (His father died shortly afterwards.) He never served. No wonder Joey had reservations about joining the military. Okay, you ask, what happened to him? He graduated from high school and college and became a successful international management consultant. He still talks about his initial impressions regarding his perceptions of the military in relation to the Korean War„and says his fondest memory is that he never saw Marsha again. To obtain a signed copy of Joey: The Street Fox of Newark order it from Arthur G. Sharp, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573. The cost, including postage and handling, is $16.00. Ten percent of the purchase price of each book will be donated to the Korean War Veterans Memorial Wall of Remembrance Fund. The book is also available at,, and Joey and the Korean WarAnother opportunity to contribute to the Wall of Remembrance FundŽ


10 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards 2018 Officer Election Results By Mal Schneider They lay in mud, As shells land near. Must take a hill. No thoughts, no fear. Climb out the hole. Confront the foe. An action that, No one can know. Machine gun bursts. So close around. Send plumes of mud, From out the ground. They climb up, now. Bent half and low. Must take the ridge. Thats all to know. The squad, they reach, The very crest. A victory. Now they can rest. The enemy, Now driven back. The hill is ours. The dead in stack. The hill now won. But soil stain. The hill now soaked. Blood. Tears remain. They gave their lives, That we may live. Gave all they had. No more to give.This is all true. I saw it. I lived it. I felt it. I was part of it. I saw the bodies, all strewn about. The smell. I felt the quake of exploding shells. I saw the dirt rise as the machine guns tried to zero in on me as I climbed a hill. I have a citation awarding me a Bronze Star for heroism under similar circumstances as I have described in poetic form above. I relive it almost every day, to this very day. Mal Schneider served with the 2d Div. as a Sgt. E-5 on Bloody Ridge and Heartbreak Ridge in 1951. You can reach him at 5169 Brisata Cir. Apt F, Boynton Beach, FL 33437, 561-737-7889. Memorial Day Sgt. Donald L. Baker, Co. H, 2nd Bn., 24th Inf. Regt., 25th Inf. Div., 9/6/1950 SK Cpl. Terrell J. Fuller, Co. D, 1st Bn., 38th Inf. Regt., 2nd Inf. Div., 2/12/1951 SK Sgt. 1st Class Rufus L. Ketchum, Medical Detachment, 57th Field Artillery Bn., 31st RCT, 7th Inf. Div. 12/6/1950, NK Cpl. Thomas W. Reagan Co. A, 14th Engineer Combat Bn., 24th Inf. Division, 8/12/1950, SK Source: / Korean War MIAs Recently Identified LEGEND: NK = North Korea SK = South Korea SFC = Sgt. 1st Class


11 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 36 Fighter (Bomber) Squadron Anniversary QUIZ: Who were these heroes? Who were the following Korean War heroes, for what operation are their contributions best known, and what were their roles? HINT: They were not members of an official task force assigned to complete a specific mission, but their goal was the same: to save trapped U.S. warfighters from almost certain annihilation. € Col. Richard W. Henderson, U.S. Air Force € LTC Jack Partridge, U.S. Army € 1st Lt. Dave Peppin, USMC € 1st Lt. Ozzie Vom Orde, USMC € Tech Sgt. Winfred Prosser, U.S. Army € 1st Lt. Charles Ward, U.S. Army € Major Alford Wilder, U.S. Army Please send your answers to me at Arthur G. Sharp, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573. From August 1952 until April 1953, I had the honor to serve in the 36th Fighter (Bomber) Squadron at Suwon (K-13) Air Base, Korea, flying 72 combat missions. The 36th Squadron flew combat throughout the entire Korean War, and is still serving at Osan Air Base, Korea. The 36th Squadron, which has a rich heritage dating back to 1917, celebrated its 100th anniversary from 28 September until 1 October 2017 at Osan. As a member of the Korean War Veterans Association, Paul Dill Chapter DE, I think that many KWVA members would be interested in this information. The 36th Squadron, nicknamed the Flying Fiends,Ž flew thousands of interdiction and front line close support missions, flying the F-80C Shooting StarŽ aircraft until March of 1953, when it transitioned to the F-86F Sabrejet.Ž The squadrons exploits in Korea are honored at established by the nephew of a pilot who was lost. It contains information on the squadron and many photos. On a personal note, the homepage of this site includes my memoir and some gun camera clips of several missions. Information on the current 36th Squadron and the anniversary is found on Bob Veazey, The Flying FiendsŽ logo Bob Veazeys F-80C A formation of F-80s with Bob Veazeys aircraft in the foreground, i.e., FT-817 Holiday and continuing series stories wantedFor the 2016 and 2017 November-December issues we solicited stories for a special holiday section. We had pretty good responses. Lets start building our inventory now for the November-December 2018 holiday issue. Please send any new stories, photos, and art work describing anything memorable, special, or routine that occurred involving you, your unit, your friendsƒon the major year-end holidays, e.g., Thanksgiving, Christmas, Hanukah, New Years Day, Boxing Dayƒ The material can relate to war time or peacetime. Hopefully we will get enough stories, photos, and art work to fill another issue. Remember that we are also looking for stories in our continuing Where was I on July 27th?Ž and Humor in KoreaŽ series. Send your new stories and photos to Arthur G. Sharp, The Graybeards Holiday Editor, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573. Or, submit them electronically to


Robert FletchŽ Fletcher, age 85, who was a Korean War POW for more than 2-1/2 years, died in Ann Arbor, MI on Feb 12, 2018. He had an interesting background. Here are excerpts from his obituary: [Fletcher] went into the service at age 17. He was assigned to an all-black unit in the still segregated U S Army. His unit was one of the first to enter the Korean War on July 10, 1950. They were involved in heavy fighting with high casualties the entire length of the Korean peninsula until, after running out of ammunition and food, being captured on Nov 27, 1950 by the Chinese army near the border of China. He remained a prisoner of war (POW) until Aug. 8, 1953, during which time he suffered from extreme hunger, cold, and physical and psychological abuse which led to the deaths of thousands of other men in the camp. Despite suffering from severe PTSD he was able to return home and restart his life. Fletch remained dedicated to veterans issues, especially former POWs. He was extremely proud of his 22 years of service on the Congressional Advisory Board for Former POWs, during which time many formerly unrecognized mental and physical health problems resulting from being a POW were reclassified as service connected disabilities by Congress and the VA. He also rose in the ranks of the American Association of EX-POWs, serving as the National Commander in 2006-07. He and Carol traveled the country widely while he served in both of those positions. He was the guest of President Bill Clinton at the White House for the unveiling of the POW & MIA stamp in1995, and of President George Bush twice for the laying of a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery during the Memorial Day and Veterans Day ceremonies in 2006. He appeared in several films for the VA including POW, Americans in Enemy HandsŽ. Excerpts of interviews with him were included in several books. For the last several years he served on the Washtenaw County Veterans Services Board. He was also a charismatic public speaker at multiple schools and veterans related events around the country, relating not only what it was like to be a POW, but also what it was like to be a black enlisted man serving under white only officers and the glaring lack of recognition of the contributions by black soldiers in battle. Although burdened with the physical and mental results of having been a POW, he and Carol traveled, including 2 trips to South Korea where he witnessed the amazing results of the countrys freedom attained by sacrifices such as his. Burial will occur at a later date at Arlington National Cemetery, Washington, DC with full military honors. In lieu of flowers the family requests donations be made to the Fisher House of Michigan, 3250 Plymouth Rd, Suite #103, Ann Arbor 48105 toward the construction of a much needed Ronald McDonaldŽ type house on the grounds of the Ann Arbor VA Medical Center for veterans and their families who travel long distances to receive care. Fletch truly was an American hero and patriot until the end. Published in Ann Arbor News on Feb. 15, 2018 Mr. Fletchers papers, 1950-2004, are on file at the Bentley Historical Library, 1150 Beal Ave., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113, Phone: 734-7643482, Fax: 734-936-1333. 12 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards The KWVAs Official Position on Korean Unification This letter was delivered to President Trump at the White House in early May. Long-time POW and veterans activist passes


13 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 Was your participation in the Korean War worth it? NOTE: This is another response to our ongoing series. Please send you answer to the question above to Arthur G. Sharp, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573.My trip back to Korea 9/20/00 provided closure for me after 47 years of bitterness over the war and leaving behind in 8/54 the ravages of war and devastated civilians. In seven days I found a new revitalized country with civilians leading as good a life as did the people back at my home in Vermont. In Seoul and the many small towns that I fought in, I saw civilians well dressed with shiny shoes and carrying their cell phones. I even ate in a McDonalds with Korean staff and customers. Our hotel in Chunchon (my original repo center) had lace curtains, linen tablecloths, and fancy napkins surrounding the table candles. The huge granite Korean War Memorial in Seoul, equal to ours in D.C., had the sandblasted names of all the Americans killed and I found and touched the names of a dozen of my friends. That gave me a fuzzy feeling. There has never been a night in my life ever since that memories, good and bad, disturb my sleep. I think that my donation of a months pay after the cease fire to a 45th Division orphanage in Seoul could have been a part. My younger sister adopted three Korean orphans after seeing the photo of a little wounded Korean boy who I picked up at a garbage dump and took to our meds to have him cared for. The three, including two girls, Sue Ann & Ami Lynn, and a boy named Tom, now in their thirties, are doing very well. Ami Lynn is now a neuron surgeon and a captain in the U.S. Army. Sue Ann has an executive position in the medical world. Tom served in army combat in Iraq and is now in charge of computers in Hanover, NH, the home of Dartmouth College. Yes, the turmoil that upset my life then and still does was WORTH THE SACRIFICE.Ž Now let us hope the North Korean mad man does not emulate his father who started the war of 6/20/50-7/27/53 that killed millions of civilians! Wayne Pelkey, F Co., 180th Regt., 45th Inf. Div., wppelkey@charter.netWas it worth it? Nearby is a picture of two 19-year-old farm boys, Robert Callwell, Buffalo NY, and Henry Brubaker, Manheim, PA. Their lives were about to change. Our first meeting was at Fort Meade, MD for basic training. We did not know at this time that our friendship would last a long time. In 2018, Bob and I will celebrate our 65th military anniversary. Were both Life Members of KWVA Chapter 327, GEN. JOHN H. MICHAELIS [PA]. In recent issues of The Graybeard s the question has been asked, Was it worth it?Ž After 65 years, seeing how the South Korean people have advanced physically and morally with the resources they have, Yes, it was worth it.Ž They now enjoy living in the freedom they deserve. They also expressed their appreciation to all countries that sacrificed for this freedom. Freedom is never free. Thousands have given much and thousands have given all. We are privileged to live in the greatest country in all the world. We need to stay vigilant to continue to defend this God-given freedom we enjoy. Bob and I sailed to Korea on the same ship and came home on the same ship. We both received honorable discharges and the Ambassador for Peace Medals. We thank God for our health that enables us to continue to meet 2-3 times a year. Several years ago, while in Florida, I had work done on my car. The mechanic was an oriental gentleman. I struck up a conversation with him and asked where he was from. He said Seoul, Korea. When I told him I served in that area, he ran over to me and shook my hand and said, Because of you and your comrades, my wife and I are now citizens of the United States.Ž He told me that when I was in Seoul, Korea he was only three years old, but he had already lost parents and friends. He relayed to me that when he had become old enough to understand how his life had been spared, he would work somehow to save money, get married, and go to the country that paid for his freedom. He now has a family and lives in Florida. During our time together he continued to thank me for my service. What a story! Yes, it was worth it! We would encourage all Korean veterans to become members of this great organization. Come and meet your comrades! God bless all veterans and God Bless America! May peace prevail. Henry Brubaker, 61 S. Heintzelman St., Manheim, PA 17545, 717-665-7351 (home), 717-875-1994 (cell) Robert Callwell and Henry Brubaker


14 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards by Roland A. TurleyThis is my story of Korea: the days, weeks and months that determined the rest of my life! But I have to begin with the end of my years in my hometown, Emporium, PA. I graduated from the Emporium high school (now Cameron County Jr. Sr. High School) in May 1948 and got an apprenticeship in tool & die design drafting with Sylvania Corp. I worked at that trade for only seven months. A childhood friend of mine, Jack Jones, worked in the parts department, close to the drafting room in which I worked. We were both 19 years old. The military draft still existed, and being drafted meant a three-year time in the military. So Jack and I decided we would enlist in the army for two years and beat the system by one year. We enlisted on January 14, 1948. Two days later we left for Fort Knox, KY for our eight-week basic training. Following that we were sent to our respective schooling. I was sent to Fort Eustis, VA for auto mechanics training. Jack went to leadership cadre training. Following my schooling I was assigned as a truck mechanic to Fort Bragg, NC, where I discovered that my company had a position within the TOE for a draftsman. I talked to the company commander, who put me in that position. After doing only one job I was transferred to the 42nd Engineers. Shortly after that I was sent to the Engineering School at Fort Belvoir, VA, where I received 12 very intensive weeks of highly technical training in cartography, civil engineering and architectural drafting. I returned to Fort Bragg after the school was completed, where I was assigned to the post headquarters as a draftsman. A few weeks later I was reassigned to the 62nd Engineer Topographic Company. A new friend of mine, Dennis Kaufman, was also assigned to that unit. Subsequently we were sent to Fort McClellan, AL to do the mapping for the 33rd Dixie Division National Guard training. While we were there the Korean War began. Immediately the President of the United States signed an executive order adding one year to everyones enlistment, so Jack and I did not beat the draft!!! After only two days on leave in Erie, PA I received a telegram ordering me to report to Fort Bragg immediately. Very quickly after that the 62d was ordered to prepare for shipment to Korea! By the middle of September our company was on a troop train for San Francisco, CA and subsequently placed on the USNS General Walker. We were on our way to Korea. We arrived in Pusan on October 10, 1950. In early November our company went from Pusan to Seoul, Korea, where we set up for making maps for all the military branches. With all the military might of the Army divisions that were in Japan it was hoped that the war would quickly be over. However, we did not have enough power to win that war quickly. On December 10th we were ordered to go back to Pusan because a new enemy„the Chinese army„was rapidly moving toward Seoul. We were sent back to the same area by Pusan Bay, where we stayed until April 1951. We were then sent to Taegu, just about 60 miles north of Pusan. Our company was assigned to an area that had been a former trucking company. We lived in 12-men tents. We took over a small office as our drafting room. Our company consisted of approximately 125 highly trained specialists in map drafting, surveying, photography, and offset printing. We made new maps, using old Japanese maps, aerial photos and any other sources available to us to provide the necessary mapping for the Army, Navy, Air Force, etc. We received the PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION for the original work we did in the production of topo maps there and for providing 400,000 valuable maps up to that date! The time dragged into the middle of summer. Our military was driving the enemy back north. It looked as if we would be out of Korea by Christmas of 1951. However it did not happen that way. Since the Chinese army had entered the war in the fall of 1950 our U.S. and UN units were forced back to the south. But the battles continued until the enemy was again driven back north beyond the 38th parallel. At this point the 8th Army Hq. ordered our surveyor teams to go into North Korea and find the old Japanese survey stations on those very high mountain tops of North Korea so corrections could be made on our new maps. I was the draftsman who placed those stations on map overlays that got sent to Army map service in Washington D.C. The task was hardly free of danger. On a nice sunshiny day I had driven three teams to the respective mountain sites to find those stations. My last team of two men was atop a mountain just above a battle line. I had to stay with the vehicle while the team looked for the survey station. In the valley below me the rifle and mortar fire could be heard sporadically. I was not worried that the enemy would be after me or my last team, but that was not the case! Suddenly screaming mortar rounds flew over my head! To say the least I was scared! I quickly loaded all the rifles that were in the vehicle: two M-1 Garands and an M-2 Carbine. I started the vehicle and had it ready to run when my two team members came running back towards me screaming that the enemy was coming up over the hill and we had to get the hell out of there quickly!!! We all jumped into the 4 x 4 Dodge. I drove down that dirt road as fast as I could make that Dodge go!!! It seems that we almost got caught in Mapping my time in Korea We received the PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION for the original work we did in the production of topo maps there and for providing 400,000 valuable maps up to that date!


15 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 the middle between ours and the enemy forces. We were extremely lucky to get out of there when we did!! At the bottom of that hill was an army artillery company„and I had stopped just behind one of those guns when it went off. The concussion nearly blew out the eardrum on my left ear. As a result I wear hearing aids in both ears, thanks to the VA. Our survey teams were ordered back to Taegu, where each evening an armed courier from Admiral Joys armistice/peace talk team arrived at our compound with a bundle of scratched up/marked up/scribbled up maps from that days armistice talks. That night„ and overnight every night„our cartographers and printing specialists worked to provide a bundle of new maps of the territory north and south of the 38th parallel, across the entire peninsula of Korea; from the Yellow Sea in the west to the Sea of Japan in the east. They were over printed with a full line showing the last (yesterdays) argued about„ possible„DMZ line. Each morning at 6 a.m. that courier picked up the new bundle and took it to Kaesong or Panmunjom. (The first piece talks were in Kaesong.) The peace talksŽ continued until July 23, 1953. As my discharge date was in January l 952, 1 was given orders on December 1951 to go to Japan, where I waitedto get on a ship which took fifteen days until it docked in Seattle, WA on the day after Christmas 1951. Three days later a troop train headed east and I ended my military career on January 16, 1952 at Fort Indiantown Gap, PA and took the bus to my new home in Erie, PA. My military time, especially the 14 1/2 months I spent in Korea, determined the rest of my life. With my G.I. Bill I graduated from Penn State as a vocational teacher, teaching drafting, my trade, and eventually becoming a public vocational/technical school administrator. [NOTE] : In 2004 I went back to Korea on a revisit trip and to Panmunjom. I was in the buildings where the peace talks had taken place, and I saw the tables on which the maps of the 62nd Engineer Topographic Company had lain during those historic negotiations. This is one of a continuing series. It can only continue if members contribute their stories. Please send your Humor in KoreaŽ submissions to Arthur G. Sharp, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City, FL 33573. We can all use a laugh once in a while, just as the troops in Korea did. Humor in KoreaHumor in Korea Keeping the work detail moving Korea-1953 with the 45th lnf.DIV.-700 Ord. Company: We were a mobile unit, which means we moved according to the front lines. Once at the new location, security was top priority. This required a great deal of sand bags. At times we would hire locals to help out as a good will gesture. I was assigned to the detail. Three of the Korean helpers, who I named Larry, Curly and Moe, after the Three Stooges comedy act of the 1930-40 era, were the epitome of goofoffs.Ž We could not raise a hand on them and all the non-military language did no good. The reason it bothered me was that all the other helpers were filling about 8-to 10 bags for every 2-3 the Three StoogesŽ filled. There was no great rush to get the bags filled, but it didnt seem fair to the others. One day one of our guys was going to the P.X. in Seoul, so I asked him to pick up a few items for me. The next day, when Larry, Curly, and Moe showed up I called them over and told them they were #1„ best of all the bunch„and gave them each a small chocolate bar. As they gulped down the goodies, one of the other helpers on the detail came over and asked why I gave the biggest goofs offs candy. That wasnt candy,Ž I admitted. They were Ex-Lax bars. You wont see those three again any time soon. They will be busy fertilizing their rice paddy for days.Ž Frank Nicolazzo, 54 Lyncrest Dr., Rochester, NY 14616, 585-865-0145, Sandbagging the sandbaggers in Korea DisclaimerNeither The Graybeards editor nor the KWVA is responsible for misinformation, discrepancies, or embellishments, intentional or unintentional, that may be contained in communications in any form that appear in The Graybeards. We do not have staff to fact check all material that is sent to us. We depend on the honesty and integrity of those who submit material for publication, and on the expertise of our members and readers to correct misstatements or misinformation, whether intentional or not.


16 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards By James MilitzerIn hindsight, it wasnt the safest time to join the military. But when Robert Fletcher enlisted in the Army in May 1950, the decision seemed relatively low-risk. War didnt seem possible with the Second World War just ending„peacetime, nobody wanted to mess with the United States,Ž he recalls. Just seventeen and still in high school„his mother gave him permission to enlist„ Fletcher wasnt particularly aware of the emerging Cold War. And he hadnt heard of the tensions that were flaring up on the Korean peninsula. He assumed he was signing up for three years of travel and adventure„a chance to see the world, save up some money, then come home to finish high school and go on to college. As he puts it, with a rueful laugh, It didnt turn out that way.Ž After five weeks of basic training, he was sent to Japan to join the TwentyFourth Infantry Regiment. Known as the Buffalo Soldiers,Ž all the enlisted men were African Americans; almost all the officers were white. Fletcher had been there for only a few weeks when war broke out on June 25, and his regiment was the first sent to Korea. Even then, he and his fellow soldiers„much like Americans back home„didnt realize what they were getting into. We were told it was a police action,Ž he recalls. I asked a sergeant, Whats a police action? And he said, Oh, well take our nightsticks and go over there and crack a few heads, and well be back in a week. So I said, Well, lets go! It wasnt until we got there that we realized that people were being killed. When the bullets started flying, I said to my platoon sergeant, What the hell is this? Is this a police action? He was a Second World War veteran, and he said, No, son, this is war. And youd better keep your damn head down, or youre gonna be dead.Ž The company went in with 250 men; within a few weeks, he says, all but eighteen were killed. Though reinforcements were sent, the slaughter would repeat itself. The North Koreans wanted Korea„their objective was all of Korea by September 1, so they were hitting us very hard,Ž he says. His company was almost entirely wiped out two more times in the following months. But despite these losses, Fletchers regiment helped to turn the tide for the Americans„for a time. We had come back to full combat strength in September/October, and we had annihilated the North Korean army,Ž he recalls. Then, as President Truman and General MacArthur had their famous dispute about whether to press into North Korea (and risk Chinese intervention) or simply liberate the south, the soldiers waited. We sat there for about two or three weeks, then got orders to go north, up to the Yalu River, which separates China and Korea. Well, the Chinese had already infiltrated and were waiting for us. And they let us come through. And on November 27, we got hit with everything but the kitchen stove.Ž Their ranks were soon decimated by a withering assault from a huge contingent of Chinese soldiers, and Fletcher and his company were facing a harsh choice. We were caught on a little knoll, we were out of ammunition ... and the company commander had been hit,Ž he recalls. Calling the platoon leaders and squad leaders, who included Fletcher, the commander laid out their options: try to fight it out or surrender. He instructed them to put the question to their men. They all agreed to surrender,Ž Fletcher says. I really dont know how we could have fought any longer.Ž So while the officers tied a white handkerchief to a stick and walked toward the Chinese, the men bent the barrels of their guns around tree branches to disable them. A new trauma was about to begin. It was late November when Fletcher and his comrades began their forced, weeks-long march to a North Korean prison camp. Soon, he says, the average nighttime temperature was far below zero, and the Americans were dressed in summer uniforms. A lot of guys froze to death, a lot of guys starved to death, a lot of guys died from wounds,Ž he says. But when we reached the prison camps, the Chinese turned us over to the North Koreans, and thats when all hell broke loose.Ž Surprisingly, their captors didnt inflict much violence on the prisoners„ as Fletcher describes it, the main torment was something worse. The North Koreans didnt beat us, but they starved us to death. If youve ever gone to an Asian restaurant, you know the little bowls? We got one of those a day, cracked corn„field corn, not sweet corn, with the hulls still on it. Youd eat Fletchers Korea A veteran of the brutal police action,Ž he found solace helping other former prisoners of war. Robert Fletcher as a young soldier


17 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 that, and it would end up cutting your guts out. So a lot of guys died from dysentery ... I was 180 pounds, and I went down to about 90 pounds ... I dont know why I survived.Ž By spring, with the death toll in the North Korean camps soaring, the Chinese took them over. They brought in more food: sorghum cane, millet, some dried pork which had turned green„it didnt bother us; we scraped it off and cooked it,Ž Fletcher recalls. But they also instituted a deviously effective disciplinary regimen. Say you tried to escape, and you got captured. They would not physically punish you. Theyd come and find somebody in the building you stayed in who was well-liked by everybody, and theyd physically punish them. Why? Psychologically it hurt everybody in there, so we started policing ourselves.Ž This punishment could be shockingly brutal. One time, four guys escaped. They were gone overnight and captured the next day. So they took one guy out of the compound he was in ... tied him on a tripod and threw cold water on him until he froze to death. A couple of other guys did the same thing, so they threw them in a pit and put rats in there, and let the rats eat them. And you had to stand there and watch it. So we stopped trying to escape.Ž Though heavily propagandized by the Chinese, the prisoners maintained their morale by dreaming of rescue by the American forces, whose aerial battles they often witnessed over the camps. But rescue never came. They had no knowledge of the armistice that was signed on July 27, 1953, until August 6, when they were told that theyd be going home. I got a numb feeling,Ž Fletcher recalls. I thought they were playing games with us.Ž When the prisoners crossed the demarcation line between North and South Korea, That was probably the greatest day of my life. I looked up at [the American flag], and it was blowing in the wind, and tears came up in my eyes. I just couldnt believe it. And the general said, Welcome home. I dont think I remembered another word after that, because I was just looking at that flag. It was the prettiest thing Id ever seen.Ž Of the over 7,000 American soldiers taken prisoner during the war, about 40 percent died in captivity. And those who survived often dealt with the lingering fallout from the war. As Fletcher describes it, this included an unfair stigma: public paranoia over Communist brainwashing tactics made it hard for former POWs to find work. Worse, many were struggling with postHomecoming for Robert Fletcher Robert Fletcher celebrating his release One time, four guys escaped. They were gone overnight and captured the next day. So they took one guy out of the compound he was in ... tied him on a tripod and threw cold water on him until he froze to death...Ž


18 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards traumatic stress disorder and depression, but public awareness and treatment options for those ailments were practically nonexistent. When he first arrived home, Fletcher says, The first thing my mother said to me, after she gave me a big hug and a kiss, was, Youre not the nice young man that left here. ... It took me a long time to understand what she meant, because I [had been] very quiet, very pleasant. Now I was very gruff, tough„ didnt need anybody. ... I slept one hour a night, I smoked five and a half packs of cigarettes a day, and all I did was pace. And I drank quite heavy, because that was the easiest way for me to ease my pain. I could not relate to people,Ž he says. As veterans, I would say 99.9 percent of us had post-traumatic stress, and you always felt you were going to have those nightmares of the war, being captured, the freezing, the lack of proper food„all these things would be flashing in your mind. [So] youd be very afraid to even talk about it. And you really didnt want anybody to feel sorry for you. People would say, What was it like? And a lot of times Id say, You wouldnt understand if I told you„that was my way of not talking about it.Ž He drifted for a time, living with his mother in Ypsilanti, and taking a series of jobs, which he quit within weeks. The instability continued over the next few years, as he moved to Ann Arbor, got married, then divorced. He eventually settled into a job as a nursing assistant at the VA hospital, did a stint at Sears, owned a bike and moped shop, and worked for the city water department. And in 1962, he married his current wife, Carol, and they had five children. But though to all appearances his life had stabilized, Fletcher was wracked with anger, guilt, and undiagnosed depression for decades. He had an explosive temper and struggled to relate to people, including his own wife and kids, with whom he never talked about the war. I always felt that they would hate me for killing people,Ž he says. You go to church, and its Thou shalt not kill, thou shalt not kill, yet I had killed. How are you gonna tell your kids, Yeah, I killed people, and Im a nice guy?Ž It wasnt until 2000 that, after Fletcher arrived at a near-suicidal state, his wife convinced him to seek help at the VA hospital. Thanks to psychiatric treatment and Carols support, Fletcher eventually came to terms with his past. He even found a unique source of solace: helping other POWs. As a volunteer with the VAs Advisory Committee on Former Prisoners of War, he helped other former POWs navigate the unique challenges and illnesses they face. The work helped him recover emotionally from his own wartime traumas. And though he never sought it, he recently received belated recognition for those sacrifices: a Purple Heart, which was commemorated in an informal ceremony at Bells Diner in May. (Bells owners are Korean, and Fletcher can often be found there.) Although he was wounded during the war, Fletcher never reported the injuries. He believes the government learned about them from talking to his fellow POWs. Once youre in combat, you see guys get their legs blown off, and they get the Purple Heart, and you feel very good about it. But you could also fall and cut your finger, and if it was in a combat zone, that was a Purple Heart, because all you had to have was blood drawn. [So] at this point in my life, I wasnt interested in it.Ž He also resists the tendency among civilians to portray his service as an act of heroism. I was not drafted, I volunteered. I went in to do a job, and I looked at that as my job. I guess Im from the old school.Ž Fletchers experiences have left him deeply skeptical of the value of war and the governments approach to veterans. No combat veteran should be disCarol and Robert Fletcher Robert Fletcher after the Korean War But though to all appearances his life had stabilized, Fletcher was wracked with anger, guilt, and undiagnosed depression for decades. He had an explosive temper and struggled to relate to people, including his own wife and kids, with whom he never talked about the war.


19 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 charged out of the United States Army until theyve gone through six months to one year or more of deprogramming,Ž he says. The military teaches you well how to kill, but they dont teach you how to not kill ... The whole demeanor of the military is to strip you of your personality, strip you of who you are, and make you who they want you to be. How do you come back to being who you should be? They dont do anything to [help with] that, even today. Look at the Afghan and Persian Gulf veterans. They throw them out into civilian life and they dont know what to do, so they get angry, they start shooting people ... Ive always said its the federal governments fault, because the federal government never helped them become who they were before they went in, or close to it. Maybe you can never become who you were.Ž The price paid by veterans has left him reluctant to call any war a victory. But in spite of all that he and his fellow POWs went through, he has a surprising answer to people who ask if he regrets his decision to enlist. Ive been back to Korea twice, the wife and I. And I see a country thats prosperous and booming ... a country that we helped stay free, with a democracy. So when people say, Would you do it again? I say, Yes, I would. It was worth it.Ž NOTE: This article appeared originally in the July 2015 Ann Arbor [MI] Observer. It is reprinted here with kind permission of the publisher John Hilton, writer James Militzer, and photographer Mark Bialek, all of whom enthusiastically okayed this reprint. Robert and Carol Fletcher with Korean owner at Bells Diner award event Robert Fletcher accepts Purple Heart at Bells Diner Ive been back to Korea twice, the wife and I. And I see a country thats prosperous and booming ... a country that we helped stay free, with a democracy. So when people say, Would you do it again? I say, Yes, I would. It was worth it.Ž Robert Fletcher at ease


20 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Part I By William O. BrennenOn 25 June 1950, North Korean military forces launched a massive surprise assault on South Korea. U.S Army units in Japan were quickly committed as part of the United Nations effort to block the North Korean invasion. On 14 July 1950, the hastily assembled 1st Provisional Marine Brigade left the U.S. for Korea to reinforce embattled U.S. Army and South Korean troops defending the Pusan Perimeter at the southern tip of Korea. The North Korean army had nearly accomplished its goal of conquering all of Korea. Marine Air Group 33 was the air support unit of the Marine Brigade. M.A.G. 33 consisted of Headquarters Squadron 33, Service Squadron 33, Tactical Air Control Squadron 2, and fighter/bomber squadrons VMF 214, VMF 323, and VMF(N) 513. I was a corporal assigned to Hg. Sq. 33 as a radio/radar technician and back-up airborne radio operator. Hg. Sq. 33 had a complement of about eight F4U Corsair fighter/bombers, four F7 F photo-recon planes, and two R4D transport aircraft. During August and September, 1950, additional Marine air and ground units were sent to Japan in preparation for the Inchon landing set for mid-September. The Marine Brigade was absorbed into the 1st. Marine Division, and M.A.G. 33 became part of the 1st. Marine Air Wing. The Inchon landing resulted in the defeat of the North Korean Army. In late November and early December 1950, UN forces were driving toward the Yalu River and the Korean-China border. The war was all but over, and we were to be home by Christmas. At that time, M.A.G. 33 Headquarters was operating out of Yonpo airfield, near Hamhung, North Korea, in support of the 1st. Marine Divisions drive north past the Chosin (Changjin) Reservoir. Other Marine air units were also operating from Yonpo, from two small aircraft carriers off the coast, and from Itami Air Base in Japan. Marine 50785 and Marine 12436 were the twin engine, transport aircraft assigned to Headquarters Squadron 33. The slang term for the aircraft was Gooney Bird.Ž I will outline the accomplishments of these two aircraft, 785Ž and 436,Ž as well as their sister transport aircraft from other Marine air units and the U.S. Air Force during the Chosin Reservoir campaign. At the Chosin Reservoir over 100,000 Chinese Communist soldiers had surprised, encircled, and trapped a force of about 18,000 Americans composed of the 1st Marine Division, the 31st RCT of the U.S. Armys 7th Division, and 300 British Royal Marine Commandos. The bitterly cold Siberian winter was disabling to both the UN and Communist forces. I was assigned as radio operator aboard 785 on 30 November 1950, so most of this narrative will be devoted to my personal observations while serving in that capacity. As of 28 November 1950, the crew of 785 consisted of 1st Lt. Bobby Carter, pilot, 1st Lt. J. Flickinger, co-pilot, M/Sgt. John Hart, crew chief, and S/Sgt. Arthur Allison, radio operator. The crew of 436 consisted of M/Sgt. Robert Brown, pilot, Capt. W. Van Ness, co-pilot, T/Sgt. James Morris, crew chief, and Cpl. Ed Farra, radio operator. Marine ground forces were divided into three basic units. The First Marines were at Koto-ri, 11 miles south of Hagaru-ri, the village at the southern tip of the Chosin Reservoir. The Fifth and Seventh Marines were at Yudam-ni, 14 miles north of Hagaru-ri. Division HQ, which was located at Hagaru-ri, was garrisoned by mostly service troops and various detached units from the three regiments and the 11th Marines. A narrow, winding, mountain road called the Main Supply Route (MSR) connected the three forces. The Chinese had cut the MSR among the three units, isolating each of them. Toktong Pass, a key part of the MSR, was a vital position between Hagaru-ri and Yudam-which it connected. The 240 Marines of F/2/7 were assigned the job of holding the pass open. On 27 November 1950, Chinese forces began an assault on the pass that was to last several days. F/2/7 held, but at great cost. They were finally relieved on 2 December by Marines withdrawing from Yudam-ni to link up with the Marines at Hagaru-ri in order to break out of the Chinese trap. F2/7s CO, Captain William Barber, was awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroic stand at Toktong Pass. His citation reads in part: Capt. Barber took position with his battle-weary troops and, before nightfall, had dug in and set up a defense along the frozen, snow-covered hillside. Angels or Gooney Birds?


21 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 When a force of estimated regimental strength savagely attacked during the night, inflicting heavy casualties and finally surrounding his position following a bitterly fought seven hour conflict, Capt. Barber, after repulsing the enemy, gave assurance that he could hold if supplied by air drops, and requested permission to stand fast when orders were received by radio to fight his way back to a relieving force after two reinforcing units had been driven back under fierce resistance in their attempts to reach the isolated troops.Ž On 28 and 29 November, 785 made para-supply drops to the surrounded Marines at Toktong Pass, as requested by Captain Barber. The drops were made at very low altitude to ensure that the supplies went to the Marines, and not the Chinese, as was the case with many of the supplies dropped by larger aircraft making their drops from a higher, safer altitude. Ground fire was very heavy on the second day, and 785 took several hits. S/Sgt. Allison, the radio operator, was seriously wounded when the aircraft made its second run over the drop zone. He had been shot through both legs and lay bleeding on the floor of the aircraft. M/Sgt. Hart, the crew chief, had to apply tourniquets to both of Allisons legs to keep him from bleeding to death. After Allison was stabilized, 785 made additional low altitude runs over the drop zone to deliver the rest of its cargo. The crew of 785 risked sacrificing themselves to ensure the re-supply of the embattled Marines on the ground, and they nearly did. Here is M/Sgt. John F. Hearts report on the incident: Yonpo Airfield N. Korea 29 Nov. 1950 Marine R4D-7,................................Bureau # 50785 Pilot................................................1st Lt. Bobby Carter Co Pilot..........................................1st Lt. Judson Flickinger Crew Chief......................................M/Sgt. John Hart Radio Operator................................S/Sgt. Arthur Allison Marine R4D, Bu. # 50785, flew round trip flights from Yonpo Airfield to Wonson Airfield during the day of 29 Nov. 1950, ferrying diesel fuel for the generators of the 1st Marine Air Wing, which was stationed at Wonson Airfield. Around fifteen hundred hours, 50785 arrived back at Yonpo. The aircraft was unloaded and serviced. The pilot was notified by flight operations to remove the aircrafts side doors, and to get the aircraft ready for air supply drops to the 1st Marine Division at the Chosin Reservoir. An air supply crew from the 1st Mar. Div., consisting of 5 men with their supplies and equipment, was assigned to the aircraft. The aircraft took off for the Chosin Reservoir. Upon arriving at the reservoir, the pilot contacted the 1st Mar. Div. for his target location. We started our air supply drops about sixteen forty hours. It was snowing and the visibility was poor. The aircraft was flying about two hundred and fifty feet above the terrain. Our first supply drop was on target. We received heavy ground fire. The air supply drop crew became very nervous. I told the pilot that I would go back and settle them down. The pilot said, No, let Allison go back.Ž The pilot wanted me up front with him in case he or the copilot was wounded. I passed the message to S/Sgt. Allison and he started to go back. We were on the second air supply drop run. S/Sgt. Allison was hit by ground fire in both legs. I put a tourniquet on both of his legs. I set parachutes on the floor and covered them with parachute harnesses, then laid S/Sgt. Allison on top of them. We continued our mission, making a total of four air supply drops. All of our air supply drops were on target. We learned that we were dropping to Fox Company, 2nd Battalion, 7th Marines. After we completed our air supply drops, we departed for Yonpo Air Field, where S/Sgt. Allison was transported to a hospital ship. 30 Nov. 1950 R4D-7, BuNo 50785, was inspected for structural damage. No major structural damage was found. The bullet holes were repaired at a later date. The aircraft was returned to service, and Cpl. W. O. Brennen was assigned to the aircraft to replace S/Sgt. Allison. R4D7, BuNo 50785, continued its flights, removing wounded Army and Marine troops from the Chosin Reservoir area. Prior to being assigned as pilot to R4D-7, BuNo 50785, 1st Lt. Carter had only six flights in an R4D aircraft. He later won the Silver Star. 1st Lt. Flickinger was a fighter pilot, flying F4U and F9 type aircraft. As he stated, I found myself flying in a slow R4D aircraft at 250 feet above the terrain, in the mountains around the Chosin Reservoir, and in nearly night conditions.Ž He won the Distinguished Flying Cross. Signed, John F. Hart In an exchange of letters with Lt. Flickinger (retired Lt/Colonel) in 2000, he provided me with the following statement of his recollection of the Tok Tong Pass air drop: I have some very vivid memories of the air supply drop we made the day S/Sgt. Allison was wounded. We were sure going slow, but fast enough that the Commies didnt hit the cockpit„-just a little aft of it. The air drop crew chief became very concerned about the Chinese ground fire, and making more drops. I told him that those guys in Fox Company were surrounded down there at that pass and were going to need everything we could haul to them before morning. It was darn near dark and there werent going to be any more drops that day, so go back to your station and kick that stuff out when we give you the bell. We made Allison as comfortable as possible, and he confirmed that he would be OK till we completed the drop. He knew that his Marine buddies on the ground needed our support, and had enough Semper FiŽ to endure his discomfort to deliver the ammo to them. M/Sgt. Hart had put tourniquets on Allisons legs, and he pulled the Ground fire was very heavy on the second day, and 785 took several hits. S/Sgt. Allison, the radio operator, was seriously wounded when the aircraft made its second run over the drop zone. He had been shot through both legs and lay bleeding on the floor of the aircraft.


22 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards life raft into the aisle to slow down any bullet that might penetrate into that area. Hart stood over that life raft with one foot on each side so he had the family jewelsŽ fairly well protected, and we finished our drop. I was always glad to hear that Fox Company had held that pass so the 7th Regiment could get back. Kind of thought that our trip had something to do with that. Signed, Judson Flickinger In an audio tape made in March, 2002, the pilot of 785, Bobby Carter, made the following statement referring to the para supply drop made to Fox Company on 29 November, 1950: Now, as to the para drops; when we made the drop to Fox Company, we had probably 4 or 5 crates of supplies. So consequently, rather than having them spill out all at once, and takin a chance on them spreading all over the county side, I elected to make one trip for each one and eject to see that it hit the bulls eye, and consequently, it was confirmed we didnt do too badly on that type of thing. But it did result in Allison getting hit in the leg, and I cant remember if it was the 1st, 2nd or 3rd run we made, but I do know that after we left the traffic pattern, and rendered first aid, we decided we could go ahead and finish up the job, which we did.Ž Former S/Sgt. John Harvey, USMC, was also aboard 785 on the 29 November mission to make the airdrop to Fox Hill.Additionally, he served aboard a USAF C47 that made an air drop to Fox Hill on 28 November. His statement follows: My log book gives the aircraft number 50785; Pilots Name: Lt. Carter;Duration of Flight: 1.3 hours, and Remarks: Much small arms fire. 7th Mar. Fox Co. Chosin Res. Radio operator shot in leg by small arms.Ž My unit was the 1st Air Delivery Platoon, and we were attached to the Combat Service Group, 1st Marine Division, for administrative purposes. But we flew air drop missions on both Marine and Air Force R4Ds in the Seoul campaign from Kimpo and in the North Korea campaign from Wonson and Yonpo.We were the guys who accumulated the supplies, loaded them on the planes, attached the static lines, and pushed them out over the drop zones. One of our men, a good friend of mine named Cpl. Ronald Jordan, was shot in the leg on our very first mission out of Kimpo, and we lost four of our men in a crash on Nov. 21 up near the Yalu River. The mission on which S/Sgt. Allison was hit was the most frightening experience of my life. I was sure we could notsurvivethat intense fire, but we did, and I give great credit to Lt. Carter for his bravery;we all knew the guys on the ground needed those supplies! After Allison was shot (I heard him holler OwŽ) we climbed and circled until the tourniquet was applied and then continued the airdrop.My memorytells me we made more than two more runs over the target. As I recall, it usually took five or six runs to drop a planeload of supplies. On Nov. 28 I made a drop to Fox Company but it was on a different plane, 315135, piloted by a Lt. Davidson. The notation in my log says leading edge of port wing hit by small armsŽ. (Lt. Davidson was a USAF pilot and 315135 was a USAF plane)  Signed, John Harvey S/Sgt. Harvey had good reason to feel frightenedŽ when the rounds from Chinese ground fire began finding their target and punching holes in Marine 50785. As he stated, eight days earlier four members of the 1st Air Delivery Platoon were performing their special skill aboard a C47 aircraft of the 21st Troop Carrier Squadron, USAF, making a low level air drop to a U.S, Army unit eight miles East of Hyesanjin, North Korea, when the aircraft crashed and burned, killing all occupants. They were 1st Lt. Robert Wilson, 2nd. Lt John Breitkreutz, S/Sgt. William Gish, all USAF, and Sgt. Albert Fant, Sgt. Francis Olivigni, Cpl. Alfred Zelaza, and Cpl. Richard Bolyard, all USMC. Following is the official U.S.A.F. report of the Hyesanjin, N. Korea aircraft crash: On 30 November I replaced S/Sgt. Allison as the radio operator aboard 785. My first assignment was to chip and scrape his 1950 NOV 25 R E S T R I C T E D /CITE 424X. ZUI URMSG DTG 222330Z. MW MSG DTG 220335Z FM JAFDX, AF GR 432 AS REQ QUOTE FROM POHANG AIRFIELD, KOREA. REF # 6150-4560-OPS. FOR ACTION TO CSAF WASH DC FOR FLYING SAFETY, AND OFFICE FLY SAFETY NORTON AFB CALIF, CG FEAF TOKYO JAPAN, ITAZUKI AFB JAPAN, AND ASHIYA AFB JAPAN FOR 21 TROOP CARRIER SQDN SUBJECT IS CRASH REPORT. PRELIMIMARY AIRCRAFT ACCIDENT REPORT, REPORTS CONTROL SYMBOL AF-FS-T3. A: 210330Z, EIGHT MILES EAST OF HYESANJIN, KOREA 41 DEGREES 20 NORTH, 128 DEGREES 10 EAST B: C-47, NUMBER 43-49704, 21 TROOP CARRIER SQ, FAR EAST AIR FORCE COMBAT CARGO COMMAND, ASHIYA AIR BASE, JAPAN, AIRCRAFT CRASHED AND BURNED C: FIRST LT ROBERT M V WILSON 15784A, USAF, PILOT, SECOND LT JOHN H J BREITCREUTZ, A0-1909107, USAF COPILOT, STAFF SGT WILLIAM H GISH, AF-13020404, USAF, ENG, PVT FRANCIS J OLIVIGNI, 344627, USMC, UNLOADER: CPL ALFRED ZELAZA, 651787, USMC, UNLOADER: RICHARD BOLYARD, 656580, USMC, UNLOADER: SGT ALBERT H FANT, 578435, USMC, UNLOADER: NO PARACHUTES USED, ALL OCCUPANTS KILLED. D: C-47 NUMBER 43-49704, 21 TROOP CARRIER SQ, FAR EAST AF COMBAT CARGO COMMAND, ASHIYA AIR BASE, JAPAN, AIRCRAFT CRASHED AND BURNED. E: ALL PERSONNEL KILLED. F: AIRCRAFT WAS FLYING AT REDUCED AIRSPEED PREPARATORY FOR AN AIRDROP. AIRCRAFT WAS IN A LEFT BANK AT 300 FEET WHEN IT NOSED INTO THE GROUND, AND BURNED UPON IMPACT. G: WITNESSES IN OTHER AIRCRAFT STATE THAT THE CRASHED PLANE APPEARED TO STALL AND SPIN IN. H: OMITTED TACTICAL COMBAT CARGO DROP MISSION TO FRONT LINE TROOP 24/2321Z


23 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 frozen blood out of the corrugated deck of the aircraft. He had bled very heavily. Needless to say, after performing that chore for the man I was replacing, viewing the numerous bullet holes in the aircraft, and thinking we were going right back for more of the same, I was a little apprehensive. We made seven flights on 30 Nov., all routine freight runs between Yonpo, Wonson, and Kimpo. The first two hops on 1 Dec. were similar, and I decided it wasnt going to be so bad after all. That feeling would change before the end of the day. Marine and Army engineers had bulldozed an emergency airstrip at Hagaru-ri, and our last flight of 1 Dec. was a casualty evacuation flight from there. The Chinese had made a determined attempt to overrun Hagaru-ri, but so far they had not succeeded. It was late in the afternoon when we arrived over the strip. We were advised by radio of Army survivors from a Chinese ambush on the east side of the reservoir, trying to cross the reservoir ice on foot in order to reach the relative safety of Marine lines. We were asked if we could land on the frozen reservoir in an effort to rescue them. Lt. Carter made a very low pass over the ice to look the situation over. We could see many troops on the ice, and the ice in the vicinity of the power station did not appear to be solid. We considered the following possibilities: would the frozen reservoir support the weight of the aircraft? If it did, would a Chinese mortar round landing in our general vicinity cause the ice to break and sink us? Would we be a sitting duck for other Chinese weapons fired from the shore? Were all the figures we saw on the ice Americans? Lt. Carter decided the risks were too great to take such a gamble. Considering the fact that Marine ground troops were able to rescue most, if not all, of the troops on the ice who were not able to make it to Marine lines on their own, and the large number of wounded men that 785 would later evacuate from Hagaru-ri, I believe his decision was correct. When we landed at Hagaru-ri, I could see burning structures near the strip. The strip was rough and primitive, only 1900 to 2000 feet long at that time, as I recall, with a large dirt embankment at the end that left little margin for error. The wounded we took aboard were in sorry shape. Some of their wounds had not been dressed. One South Korean soldiers parka slipped off as he was climbing aboard, revealing his bare back with the exit hole from a bullet plainly visible. It was obvious that I was no longer in the rear with the gear.Ž Early the following morning, 2 December, we were the first aircraft to arrive over the strip at Hagaru-ri. We were not able to raise the garrison by radio, and we could see no activity on the ground, only lots of new snow. Considering the proximity of the Chinese the night before, we feared the strip may have been overrun. Not wishing to land on what might now be a Chinese airstrip, Lt. Carter made a low-level pass over the strip to see if we would either draw Chinese fire, or make contact with the garrison. Soon we were contacted by the Marine Air/Ground control unit, Devastate Baker, and assured that the strip was still in friendly hands. In 1985 at a Chosin Few reunion in San Diego, I had the opportunity to talk to Col. Lawrence Hart, who was with Air/Sup. 1st Marine Air Wing, at Chosin. He recalled the incident and advised the delay was caused by the extreme cold during the night which had required them to remove the fluids from the generators that powered their communications equipment, in order to keep them from freezing. We had arrived earlier than they had expected, and it had taken them some time to get their equipment up and working. We made three more trips up there on 2 December. On our last flight, before we could complete off-loading and loading operations, it became dark, and we had to turn on our cabin lights. We now had no air cover to deter the Chinese in the surrounding hills, and we became an inviting target for their mortar crews, who welcomed us with several rounds. They didnt hit us, but they did provide lots of motivation for us to work faster. The ground troops who were off-loading us didnt seem too excited about it, but our co-pilot sure became anxious, urging us to speed up the process. I was quite concerned too, but I wasnt going to let those mud MarinesŽ know that this AiredaleŽ was frightened. I put on what I hoped was a convincing act, pretending it didnt bother me. By the time we had exchanged supplies for wounded, it was completely dark. The dirt air strip was not lighted, so we had to use our landing lights to illuminate the strip for take-off. We were again a lucrative target for the Chinese. After taking off, we extinguished all of our lights. As we climbed out, we had to fly between ridges held by the Chinese. Our engines were under full power, creating a visible blue flame at the exhaust ports. Of course this made us visible to the Chinese on the ridges, and they made the most of it. Marine 12436 at Yonpo Airfield, N. Korea, Dec. 1950 Marine 50785 at Yonpo Airfield, K. Korea, Dec. 1950; Pilot 1/Lt. B. Carter; Co-pilot 1/Lt. J. Flickenger; Crew Chief M/Sgt. J. Hart; Radio Operator Cpl. W. Brennen To be Continued


24 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards It is time to enter the 2018 KWVA Fundraiser.As always, we need your help to keep the KWVA functioning.Several things are threatening our future. With your help we can eliminate them. First and foremost, I thank every member who participated in the 2017 fundraiser. We surpassed our 2017 goal of $70,000; lets continue the trend in 2018. This total included individuals who, rather than participate in the drawing, donated directly. A few others wrote KWVA and their member number on tickets. Had their names been drawn, the prize would have been put into the fundraiser total. Thank you all. However you contribute your participation is greatly appreciated. There are no administrative costs. All donations help support The Graybeards, Tell America,Ž and other KWVA programs. The ALL CASH PRIZESŽ comprise a 1st prize of $1,500 and FOUR $1,000 prizes. These are MEMBER ONLY PRIZES.Ž Each ticket requires a donation of $20.00. Be certain to put your member number on the ticket. I look forward to again notifying the winners. Think of what you can do with your winnings: take a vacationƒpay billsƒpurchase a special itemƒrenovate a room (or more)ƒ.attend the KWVA Membership Meeting in Orlando in Octoberƒ President Stevens enjoyed picking the 2017 winners. No doubt his successor will be happy to pick the 2018 winners.We thank you and wish GOOD LUCKŽ to all members who donate. In addition to the chances in the enclosed flyer, KWVA Challenge Coins, with Bulk Prices, Hats, Pins, Patches (including the NEW KOREA WAR and KOREA DEFENSE PATCHŽ) are available through our Membership Office. Please call Sheila at 217-345-4414 or visit the website to purchase these items. KWVA coins are an excellent way to raise funds for your chapters. They make fantastic gifts for your supporters and our wounded military cherish these coins.The wounded troops are always happy to receive these special coins from the Korean War veterans.We are proud to do it, and you can do it also. Buy some coins at bulk prices. Sell some for $20.00 and give some away to the wounded personnel in the hospitals and veterans homes. Donate some of the profit back to the KWVA.We need your support. If anyone has a question, problem, or needs help in any way, please contact Fundraiser Chairman Bill Lack, 828-253-5709, I thank you in advance for your participation. Always Remember: FREEDOM IS NOT FREE.Ž THE 2018 KWVA FUNDRAISER Reunion Calendar: 2018 AUGUST 1st Marine Division Assn ., Aug. 4-12, Colorado Springs, CO, Hotel Elegante. FMDA, Weekdays 8 a.m.… 4 p.m., 760-763-3267, or SEPTEMBER 8th Cavalry Regiment/10th Infantry Division Basic Trainees Sept. 79, Shawnee Mission, KS, The Drury Inn, 913-236-9200. Specifically Fort Riley Basic Training Companies HHC 1 Bn 85th Inf and Item Company 87th Inf Rgt Dec 53-Jan 54; George Company 86th Inf Rgt Feb-Apr 54; 8th Cav Rgt May 54-Nov 56 of Camp Crawford, Hokkaido and Camp Whittington, Honshu, Japan. Steve Bosma 7109 Via Portada, San Jose, CA 95135, 408-270-1319 or Jack Hackley, P.O. Box 40 Oak Grove, MO, 64075-8198, 816-690-3443, 84th & 62nd ECB (Korea) Sep. 10-13, Nashville, TN. Victor Swanson, 1602 SE 107 Ave., Portland, OR 97216, 541 914 8583, 1st Bn. 3rd Regt., 3rd Marine Division (All Eras), Sept. 11-16, Colorado Springs, CO. Don Bumgarner, 562-897-2437, USS Charles P. Cecil (DD/DDR-835) Assn., Sept. 16-22, Buffalo, NY. Greg Wells, 405-365-1926, USS Hornet (CV-8, CV, CVA, CVS-12) Assn. Sept. 19-23, Mobile, AL, Mobile Marriott. All ships officers, air groups, crew, Marines and families welcomed. Sandy Burket, Secretary, PO Box 108, Roaring Spring, PA 16673, (814) 224-5063, cell (814) 312-4976,; website:; USS Hornet Museum: 24th Inf. Div. Assn., Sept. 20-23, Branson, MO. George Vlasic, 910287-5618, USS New Jersey Sept. 26-29, Metairie LA, Comfort Inn and Copeland Tower Suites. Steve Sheehan, 215-887-7583, 13th Engineer Combat Bn. Assn ., Sept. 27-29, Branson, MO, Grand Plaza Hotel. Billy D. Quinton Sr., 727-323-1144,, USS Rocheste r (CA-124), Sept. 27-Oct. 1, Kansas City, MO. Joe Hill, 931-432-4848, OCTOBER 25th Inf. Div. Assn. Oct. 8-13, Providence, RI. Sarah Krause, PO Box 7, Flourtown, PA 19031, TropicLtn@aol.comor Korean War Historical Seminar, Oct. 17-21, 3d Inf. Div. Assn., Apr. 1821, Springfield, VA, Hilton Springfield Hotel. Tim/Monica Stoy, KWVA Orlando, FL, Oct. 17-21. Details on p. 27. Mail your info to Reunion Editor, The Graybeards, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573-7141 or email it to sharp_arthur_g Include Unit, Date(s), Place, and Contacts name, address, phone #, email address. Entries are posted first come, first served.Ž The Graybeards is not responsible for the accuracy of the information published. NOTE: Submissions may be edited for space considerations. A~Vet Emblem Supply6228 Josephine Road, Norton, VA 24273 (276)679-2096 Email: Website Catalog only: Hours: 8 AM 5 pm EST Quartermaster for all Korean War VeteransPatches, Shirts, Dress Caps, Ball Caps, KWVA Collar Brass, Hat Pins, Sew On Shoulder Rank, Epaulets, Ribbons, Medals, and Display Cases We sew on (free) all patches by request w/shirt purchase Same day service on most orders. Ship First Class Postage We accept Visa / Master Card / Discover


2018 FUNDRAISER Winners to be drawn at October 2018 banquet. Donation $20 for each ticket. To enter this fundraiser, complete the attached form. Winners will be announced on and in The Graybeards. Deadline for ticket donations is Sept 15, 2018 Contact Wilfred Lack, Director, Chairman Fundraiser Committee, (828) 253-5709, bill.lack@charter.netfor info.


26 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Missing Dogfaces,Ž due diligence, disinterment, a The first part of this story came from Tiger Survivors Group member Shorty Estabrook. As he reported, Donald Baer went to Korea from Japan with his unit, Company K, 34th Infantry Regiment of the 24th Division. What happened to this young man call pull at your heartstrings, especially around Veterans Day. His unit was surrounded at Taejon, South Korea and looking to break out of that trap. PFC Baer went missing and was on the list of MIAs unaccounted for. The DPMO listed him as a POW with the Tiger Survivor Group and noted that he died at Hanjang-Ni during the first winter. But it was discovered that Baer was never with the Tiger Survivors. In fact, he was never a POW! So what happened to this young man from Wisconsin? In December 1953, Baer was still unaccounted for and pronounced deceased. But there is more to this story. He was found on the battlefield after our forces retook that area, but he could not be identified. He was buried in South Korea, where he remained for a few years. Baer was disinterred and sent to Kokura, Japan, and reburied as an unknown. There is still more! A few years went by and his remains in Japan were disinterred and sent to the Punch Bowl in Hawaii and reburied there in an unknown grave. These remains were treated with a chemical that later rendered DNA impossible to identify. And there is yet more! Many years passed and a new test of the clavicle (neck) bone was developed which could identify remains as well as DNA could. Baers sisters never gave up and demanded the unknown remains in the Punch Bowl be disinterred and tested. Stay with me, because there is more! About a month ago Donald Baer was exhumed. Lo and behold, he was positively identified and the family so notified. He was prepared and put on a plane to Racine, Wisconsin. Finally, the rest of the story. Donald Baer, who was awarded many medals, including a POW Medal, even though he was never a POW, is back home after being away for 67 years. He was buried with full military honors in Racine, Wisconsin. That was an event of national importance. Darrel and Marcita Krenz, Tiger Survivors, attended the ceremony. There are still over 700 unknowns at the Punch Bowl, so we encourage those who have not sent in DNA samples to do so. Remains that can be identified are being sent home. I know of a Frank Sandoval from San Antonio who arrived there and a ceremony was held for him. (Reach Shorty Estabrook at There was plenty of material available through various Racine media outlets. One source in particular, MareshMeredith & Acklam, the funeral home that handled his funeral, was a gold mine of information. Here is the story. Its lengthy, but it demonstrates how important it is for MIA families to exercise due diligence in order to bring home their loved ones, as Donald Baers family did. Corporal Donald L. Baer has been identified after 67 years as an unknown x-file from the Korean War. Confirmation was given to the family on September 28, 2017 after disinterment of the x-file remains from the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific (the Punch Bowl) in Honolulu, Hawaii. The Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency announced a positive identification by means of the Chest Radiograph Comparison of Donalds TB chest X-ray taken in 1948 to the clavicle bones of his skeletal remains.Donald Baers background and demise Donald Lavern Baer was born March 7, 1930 to Elizabeth Mary and Vernon Jay Baer in Nashville, Michigan. His mother died June 10, 1932, and the family moved to Brainerd, Minnesota to be nearer to family. Donald, only two, and his infant sister Barbara, stayed with his grandparents, Goldie and Fred Baer. His father and older six siblings lived close by. Donald attended local schools in the Brainerd area and continued to live and help on his grandparents farm. When his father and family moved to Racine, Wisconsin, he would travel to visit and made extended stays. Vernon Baer, Donalds father, served in WWI. His three older Cpl. Donald L. Baer


brothers, George, Raymond, and Clarence, served in WWII. Frank Baer, his younger brother, served during the cold war. Donald felt the family obligation to serve and joined the Army in Racine, Wisconsin on June 28, 1948 at the age of 18. He was in boot camp at Fort Knox, KY, transferred to Ft. Lawton, WA, and deployed as part of post-WWII occupational forces at Camp Mower in Sasebo, Japan. He was assigned to K Company, 3rd Battalion, 34th Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division. His company guarded the ammo dump at Camp Mower. North Korean forces invaded South Korean on June 28, 1950 and Donald was sent to Korea July 2, 1950 with his regiment and the 19th and 21st to conduct a holding action. These were the first units in after the 540 men with Task Force Smith. The men were ill equipped and undermanned for what they found in Korea. On July 12 the 24th Division was sent in to cross the Kum River, destroying all bridges behind them, and establishing defensive positions around Taejon. Taejon was a major South Korean city 100 miles south of Seoul and 130 miles northwest of Pusan. This was the site of the 24th Infantry Divisions headquarters. Taejon was a major transportation hub, giving it great strategic value for both the American and North Korean forces. The 24th Infantry Divisions three infantry regiments were below strength on deployment and heavy losses had reduced their numbers farther. The regiments were exhausted from the previous two weeks of delaying actions, and the loss of equipment and communications hampered the 24th Divisions efforts. Most of the radios available to the division did not work, and batteries, communication wire, and telephones to communicate among units were in short supply. The division had no tanks: its new M26 Pershing and older M4A3 Sherman tanks were still en route. Major General Dean ordered the troops to hold the area around Taejon airfield and the supply line to the port of Pusan. This area was needed to supply reinforcements and supplies which were to follow. Donald and Co. K were defending the airport and main road into Taejon, on July 19th, 1950 when fierce fighting began. Early morning on July 20th, 1950 Donald became MIA. He was declared dead, as were all unrecovered service members as of December 31, 1953.The Johnny Johnson List Thats all Donalds family knew until 2001, when members submitted DNA samples to the DPMO in hopes that remains would be recovered. In the internet search for means to submit DNA they found that Donald was listed by the Army as a POW and on the Johnny Johnson list. This list was kept by a young man of 18 whose moral guidance told him that soldiers families would want to know the names of the men who died around him. Johnny Wayne Johnson kept names of the fallen POWs who marched on the Tiger Death March to the first prison camp known as the Apex camp at Hanjang-ni, North Korea on the Yalu River. He kept the list of men who died en route and during the 38 months at the camp. He was severely beaten twice when a copy of the list was discovered by his captors. At a veterans reunion Johnnys coveted list was discovered by a military historian and made public in 1995. Donald Baers name is on that list with a death date of December 3, 1950. Family members began to attend the DPMO meetings (the DPMO is now the DPAA) for updates about details and available reports regarding Donald. They discovered no eyewitnesses to his being at the Apex camp nor any record of him dying there. Shorty Estabrook, who has been a wonderful source of information from the Tiger Survivors, confirmed with Johnny Johnson that Donalds name was added to his list, but not on his original list. 27 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 and home Please turn to BAER on page 57 Donald Baer, who was awarded many medals, including a POW Medal, even though he was never a POW, is back home after being away for 67 years. He was buried with full military honors in Racine, Wisconsin.


May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards 28 The Where, When, and Why of the Korean War Tell America On April 10, 2018 Ace Kaleohano, Moses Pakaki, and Sam Belen gave a presentation to the National Guard Youth Challenge Program. These are atrisk students attending a 22-week residential program. They spend the entire 22 weeks on campus. About 100 students, including cadre, were at the event. A video was shown at the beginning (about 15-20 minutes), which was followed by a very good Q&A session. Everyone was enthusiastic and participation was great. Stan Fujii, 20 … HAWAII #1 [HI] 4 … CHARLES PARLIER [IL] Members provided presentations at: € Sangamon Valley High School, Niantic, IL, on 14 March 2018. Participants were Orval Mechling (Chairman), Dave Freyling, Dave Mayberry and Gene Howell. There were 6 classes, 107 students, and 7 teachers. € Hartsburg-Emden High School on 16 March 2018. Participants were Orval Mechling (Chairman), Dave Mayberry and Frank Delgado. There were 2 classes, 26 students, and 2 teachers. € Warrensburg-Latham High School on 19 March 2018. Participants were Orval Mechling (Chairman), Dave Mayberry, and Frank Delgado. There were 2 classes, 37 students, and 2 teachers. € Arthur Community Unit High School (comprising Arthur, Atwood, Hammond, Lovington) on 20 March 2018. Participants were Orval Mechling (Chairman), Dave Mayberry, and Frank Delgado. There were 4 classes, 82 students, and 4 teachers. € Meridian High School, Macon, on 13 April 13, 2018. Presenters were Orval Mechling, Dave Freyling, and Wayne Semple. Attending were 51 students and 3 teachers in 3 classes. € Eisenhower High School, Decatur, on 17 April, 2018. Presenters were Orval Mechling, Dave Freyling, and Wayne Semple. Attending were 56 students and 4 teachers in 2 classes. William Hanes, Frank Delgado Orval Mechling Dave Freyling Dave Mayberry Tell America presenters from Ch. 24...Gene Howell


The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 29 We held an event at Stone Memorial High School in Crossville, TN. It was very well received by students, school staff, and members. Since this event was received with such great enthusiasm, we are already set to present this program again during the next school year. Dick Malsack, 146 Anglewood Dr., Crossville, TN 38558, 931707-7292, kaslam2001@ History came alive on March 20, 2018 when Jake Cogley and Jim Salisbury presented their stories to the Social Studies class at Vanlue High School. Our members enjoy going into our local schools to talk about their experiences and help students better understand the Korean War and its consequences. Larry Monday, Secretary, 419387-7532, mondayL9@aol.comBuddy Epstein spent a day at Mephin High School, Bellmore, NY. He gave the students a history lesson about the Korean War and told of his experience in combat. Robert P. OBrien, 408 Fifth Ave., Cedarhurst, NY 11516 Right, Gene Ferris of Ch. 297 relates his experiences during the Korean War 55 … NASSAU COUNTY #1 [NY] Wayne Semple Buddy Epstein of Ch. 55 with students at Mephin High School 172 … HANCOCK COUNTYCh. 172 presenter Jim Salisbury at Vanlue High School Jake Cogley of Ch. 172 at Vanlue High School 297 PLATEAU [TN] Students and Ch. 297 presenters at Stone Memorial High: Presenters are Carroll Reusch, Cmdr. Gene Stone, Gene Ferris, and Dale Koestler (L-R) Left, Dale Koestler of Ch. 297 explains the map of South Korea to students and staff members at Stone Memorial High School


30 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Thousands of Korean War veterans have returned to South Korea. Few, however, have been as surprised as Andres Vergara, a former member of K Co., 65th Inf. Rgt. Heres the story from the May 2012 Borinqueneers Newsletter. MSG Andres Vergara (Ret.) visited South Korea in June, 2003 for the 50th Anniversary of the end of the Korean War. While there, the government surprised him with the South Korean Medal of Honor award. Apparently, they had been looking for Vergara for the past ten years to honor him for an act of bravery which had taken place more than half a century ago. When Vergara was stationed in Japan in 1953, he entered a burning building to save the lives of more than 100 children and a nun. Now grown, many of them were present at the ceremony with their own families to personally thank Vergara. Vergara served with the 65th in World War II. Although Vergara retired with 34 years of military service, he was recently re-activated and working at Fort Stewart, Georgia at the ripe old age of 89. Off-time, he parachutes all over the world as a member of a parachute brigade.Ž (See default/files/NEWSLETTERS/29_May2 012.pdf) There is a discrepancy in the account. The event for which Vergara was honored actually occurred in July 1950 in Taejon, South Korea, when he rescued 100 children and a nun from a fire. Significantly, several grandchildren and great grandchildren of the people he rescued attended a ceremony in 2004 to thank him for what he did. Vergara revealed his history in Korea in a note he furnished: First, in 1947 I was with the 24th Infantry Division at Camp Kokura, Kyushu, Japan. I was assigned to the 19th Infantry Regiment at Camp Chicamawa, Beppu, Japan.Ž Eventually he was deployed to Korea, which was fortuitous for the 100 orphans and a nun. Oh, yeah. Vergara was also honored along with his comrades when the 65th Infantry Regiment received the Congressional Gold Medal in 2014. Reach Andres Vergara at 2370 Belleair Rd., Clearwater, FL 33764, 727-2235627. Some of the Korean descendants who honored Andres Vergara 100 orphans and a nun Photos Submitted for Publication in The GraybeardsWhenever possible, please identify the subjects in photos you submit. We realize that is not always possible, especially in group photos. But, when you can, identify them, use designations such as (R-L), (LR), (Standing, L-R), (Seated, L-R), etc. And, please write subjects names as legibly as possible. We can usually figure out who the KWVA members are, but we cannot guess at non-members identities. Visit the Korean War Veterans Association


31 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 Some men go to war. Some men dont. Some men go to war more than once. Some men dont„or wont„go at all. Here is a story of a Marine who went to war twice„and performed bravely in both. Edward P. Stamford was an enlisted U.S. Marine pilot who received his commission in September 1943, midway through WWII. He went to the South Pacific and flew in the Solomon, Green, and other South Pacific islands. When he returned to the United States he attended the Marine Air-Infantry 13-week course at Quantico, VA, where he learned infantry tactics and the liaison between fighter and bomber pilots and the infantry on the ground. He would be the communication link between the two. In 1950, Cpt. Stamford was in Japan helping develop the Air Naval Gun Fire Liaison Company (ANGLICO) teams that would direct naval gun fire in support of ground troops making landings and establishing beach-heads. The Marine Corps was the first service to develop this technique, but the U.S. Army wanted the same capability. In the summer of 1950, Cpt. Stamfords forward air controller (FAC) ANGLICO team trained nine teams from the Fifth Air Force for use by the 7th Infantry Divisions regiments and battalions during the upcoming Inchon landing. The tactical air control party (TACP) team had one FAC officer, two enlisted radio operators, and one or two enlisted technicians. The TACP equipment was mounted on a jeep, but it could be placed on a pack-board and carried on foot. The TACPs were at the front, directing air strikes, informing pilots when units were low on ammunition and supplies, and arranging for supply drops by the aircraft. Loading out in Japan for the Inchon landing in September 1950, the Marine TACP was loaned by chance by the U.S. Navy to the U.S. Armys 1st Bn., 32nd Regt., 7th.Inf. Div. as FAC for the Inchon operation. They were forgotten about and not relieved after the operation. So, they served with the 1st Bn., in the battles for Seoul. When the 7th Inf. Div. moved out for a landing at Iwon it included Cpt. Stamford, Cpl. Myron J. Smith, Cpl. Gerald R. Thomas, Pfc. Billy E. Johnson, and Pfc. Wendell P. Shaffer. They landed at Iwon on 29 0ctober 1950. Their commanding officer, General Barr, said at the time his division would go to the Manchurian border. Manchuria was 75 miles north over the frozen hills and rice fields. 27,000 7th Division troops dug in for the night. As the Division moved north, they were optimistic, thinking they may be out of Korea by Christmas. What they did not know, nor did the UN command, that eight Chinese divisions of the IX Army group had crossed into Korea. They were hidden at various points around and below the Chosin Reservoir area. Another four Chinese divisions were left in reserve at the Yalu River, in the vicinity of Linchiang. General Sung Shih-lun commanded the IX Army group. He was about 40 years old, and had commanded troops in battle since he was 17 years old. He was a good tactician and a master of guerrilla warfare. He entered North Korea between November 15th and 20th and made his initial surprise attacks on the night of November 27, 1950, in the form of his 27th Army attacking the 31st Regt. on the east side of the Chosin Reservoir. Around noon on 30 November 1950, Cpt. Stamfords high frequency radio ceased to operate. In the first nights attack, Air Force (FAC) 1st. Lt. Johnson was killed, and his equipment was damaged. This equipment was about 500 yards from Cpt. Stamfords position. The captains team members thought perhaps those parts might be salvaged to repair his set. Cpl. Smith and Pfc. Johnson volunteered to cross the area under enemy fire to bring the equipment to Cpt. Stamford. They succeeded rescuing the set. Then the two Marines worked four hours with bare hands in zero degree weather to make it operable and enable Task Force Faith to continue to receive forward air support. Cpl. Smith was wounded. Later he and Pfc. Johnson were killed. They were both awarded the Silver Star medal posthumously. Pfc. Shaffer was wounded four times. LtCol. Donald Faith, Jr. the commander of the 1st Bn.,32nd Regt. 7th Inf. Div., was the beneficiary of their brave deeds. Faith formed the Task Force that was named after him. The 32nd Regt. was on the Pungnyuri inlet of Chosin Reservoir (east side). By dawn on 1 December 1950, Task Force Faith had been under attack for 80 hours by the CCF in zero degree weather, sustaining heavy losses. It was very low on supplies, and surrounded by the enemy. LtCol Faith ordered a breakout from the inlet perimeter. They were about eight miles north of Hagaru-ri, a town held by the U.S. Marines, that had an air strip. There were a lot of enemy and roadblocks between Task Force Faith and Hagaru-ri. On the breakout, LtCol. Faith was killed. He was awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously. Through 1 …5 December men of the 7th Inf. Div. came into Hagaru-ri. On the breakout Cpt. Stamford was surrounded and captured. The night of 1 December 1950 he was held in a roadside ditch. His guard started firing his rifle at something, and Cpt. Stamford took the opportunity to leave the ditch and escape. He reached the town of Sasu-ri. He knew he was close to Hagaru-ri and Americans. He infiltrated the U.S. Marine out guards at Hagaru ri and was picked up by the rocket battery, under Cpt. Ben Read, at 0225, on 2 December 1950. Cpl. Thomas and Cpt. Stamford were the only men of their TACP to make it out of the Korean War alive. Cpt. Stamford was awarded the Silver Star medal. Later, he was promoted to Major. Born on March 2,1917, he died on November 9, 2003. He is buried at Riverside [CA] National Cemetery, sect. 3. Cpl. Thomas and Cpt. Stamford were the only men of their TACP to make it out of the Korean War alive. Cpt. Stamford was awarded the Silver Star medal. Captain Stamford, USMC and his TACP


May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Chapter & Department News 32 Featured Chapter34 34CPL ALFRED LOPES JR./LT CPL ALFRED LOPES JR./LT RONALD R FERRIS [MA] RONALD R FERRIS [MA] We hosted a luncheon for the patients of the Brockton and Boston VA Hospitals. We had 43 guests for luncheon at the Station Eight Restaurant in Marshfield on Saturday, April 7, 2018. Peter Mandly,, l=composer Brockton and Boston MA VA patients at lunch with Ch. 34 members


33 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 12 12 CPT PAUL DILL #2 [DE] CPT PAUL DILL #2 [DE] We are using the trailer pictured nearby for all local parades now, since most of our participants no longer march. Charles D. Young, 201 Villas Dr., Apt 3 New Castle, DE 19720, 302-326-1985, 13 13 BILL CARR CHAPTER 1 [DE] BILL CARR CHAPTER 1 [DE] After much consideration, our Wounded Warrior Fund Committee donated a new TRAC-FAB chair to the Spaulding Rehabilitation Network in Eastern Massachusetts for our veterans with catastrophic injuries. The Spaulding Rehab Network is the official teaching partner of the Harvard Medical School Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R). This TRAC-FAB unit is a gasoline and battery powered chair that will enable our seriously injured vets to have great mobility for sandy beaches, hunting, fishing, family camping trips, and many other mobility needed daily events. A TRAC-FAB chair will take the vet to many places that are impossible to reach with a standard mobility unit. The cost of the unit was in excess of $16,000. The chair was dedicated and recognized as our donation during the weekend of June 8-11 at the veteran Sport and Spirit weekend at Camp Wingate Kirkland in Yarmouthport, MA, which is on Cape Cod. The permanent home of the chair during the winter months will be the Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital in Boston, which is part of the Massachusetts General Hospital Partners HealthCare system. John Weidenhof, chairman of the Wounded Warrior Fund Committee, said, We are very fortunate to make a donation of this type to a nationally recognized organization like Spaulding to improve the quality of life for our disabled veterans.Ž Any Korean War or Defense Veteran interested in the KWVA should call Jack McGinley at 302-9450698 or via cell at 610-247-1207. Jack McGinley, 302-945-0698, 14 14 SUNCOAST [FL] SUNCOAST [FL] We are back in business: Our apologies and corrections For the past 10 years or so we have successfully offered commemorative medals for sale at a modest price. These medals, with a suitable ribbon of blue and white, are used as awards to Eagle Scouts and JROTC students and as tokens to guest speakers at other programs. This year, our system for ordering was invaded by gremlins and our ordering system fell into disarray. We apologize for that. However, we are still in business! To order please write: KWVA Chapter 14, P.O. Box 382, Bay Pines, FL 33744-0382 Our staff will receive and process orders and return items within four to six days. If we find a problem with the order we will call for clarification. PLEASE do not call members of the Chapter or seek names of the teamŽ by calling the national president or membership office, as this only delays the order. We appreciate your cooperation and look forward to many years of service to the chapters of the Korean War/Korea Defense associations. Richard Arcand, 727-392-5648 19 19 GEN RAYMOND G. DAVIS [GA] GEN RAYMOND G. DAVIS [GA] We held our April meeting at The 57th Squadron Restaurant. Our guest speaker was Richard (Dick) Almand, who was accompanied by his wife. Dick, a 95-year-old native Georgian, is a graduate of Georgia A Trac-Fab 30Ž electric chair (not necessarily the model donated by Ch. 13)


Tech and a WWII veteran of the Army Air Force. He told us about his experiences as a navigator/bombardier on a B-29, beginning with his training in Nebraska and the Caribbean islands and then to Guam, whence their air group conducted raids over Japan. We welcomed Mr. Glen Blair as a new member of the national and our chapter. Glen served two different tours in Korea and is married to a Korean wife. He is now retired from the Army and is engaged in property management. Dr. C.K. Chu presented us with a new banner which displays our chapter name, the American and Korean flags and, most fittingly, the picture of General Raymond G. Davis, CMOH-Korea. General Davis served his country well and was one of the founders of the Korean War Veterans Association. We were„and still are„proud to have him as one of our members. In memoriam, General Davis is the Life Honorary President of the KWVA. Our most recent meeting was June 5th, at which we commemorated the anniversary of the start of the Korea War on 25 June 1950. Urban G. Rump, Secretary, 234 Orchards Cir., Woodstock, GA 30188, 678-402-1251 20 20 HAWAII #1 [HI] HAWAII #1 [HI] A Memorable Reunion Military service brings together strangers from all walks of life that bond them together like family and they become close friends. Many never see each other after graduating from basic training due to different assignments and geographic separation. This is the story of two sons of Hawaii who underwent basic infantry training together at Schofield Army Barracks on Oahu in 1950 and their belated reunion. When Vice President James AceŽ Kaleohano learned that one of his Army buddies from basic training, Tommy Tsugio Kozai, had applied to join the KWVA, he immediately contacted him and arranged to meet him for lunch prior to a scheduled KWVA meeting at Tripler Army Hospital in Honolulu. The meeting, to which Kaleohano brought a picture of the graduating platoon, disclosed the following information. After their graduation from basic school, Ace was assigned to the 25th Army Division and Tommy to the 5th Regimental Combat Team. Both arrived in Korea on separate dates in 1950 and were sent to their respective units that were fighting near Pyongyang, capital of North Korea. Fortunately, both survived the war and remained in the Army until they retired in 1970„ after serving in Korea and Vietnam on multiple tours of duties. Each earned a Purple Heart among other medals in their distinguished twenty years of service. Single when they first met, Ace and Tommy subsequently married, raised families, and became proud grandparents. Although they live in adjacent towns on the west coast of Oahu, their paths never crossed until they met on 17 March 2018, 68 years after their first meeting. Their joyous reunion is depicted in photos as shown. Stan Fujii, Publicity Director, 56 56 VENTURA COUNTY [CA] VENTURA COUNTY [CA] Hannah Kim kicked off her nationwide tour of Korean War memorials with a visit with chapter members. She observed our 34 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Dick Almand addresses Ch. 19 attendees Tommy Kozai (L) and Ace Kaleohano point at their pictures in a graduation photo Attendees at Ch. 19 meeting show banner donated by Dr. C. K. Chu


twelve signs on the Korean War Memorial Highway 126, which covers 45 miles from Custic Junction in Los Angeles County to Highway 101 in Ventura County. The signs are about 6-7 miles apart. Hannah will be traveling all over the U.S. to honor Korean War veterans. We were treated to lunch at El Pesachos Restaurant in Santa Paula. We had a nice group for our 727 Tour Nationwide ceremony, including Santa Paula mayor Ginger Gherardi. Santa Paula was the first stop on the tour, which will culminate in Washington D.C. David Lopez, 3850 W 180th Pl., Torrance, CA 90504, 310-323-8481, 35 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 Richard Kinder, Lee M. Mills, Daniel Garcia, Hannah Y. Kim, Benjamin Espinoza, Manuel Adame, John Campos, Chuck Sasala, Rev. David Pressey, S.P. Major, and Mayor Ginger Gherardi (L-R) at Ch. 56 celebration VFW Commander John Baubic (Front), Ch. 56 Commander David Lopez, and Hannah Kim (R) place wreath at chapters Korean War Memorial Hannah Kim (C) displays plaque as Mayor Ginger Gherardi (R) and David Lopez of Ch. 56 look on Rev. David Pressey, David Lopez, Hannah Kim, Manuel Adame, John Campos, David Garcia, Sam Salas, Fred Tepescano, Richard Kinder, Lee M. Mills, Benjamin Espinoza, Andy Arellano, and Rudy Garcia (L-R) at Ch. 56 event Right, Hannah Kim points to Ch. 56 highway sign Below, The Korean War Veterans Memorial in Santa Paula, CA


150 150 NORTHWEST ILLINOIS [IL] NORTHWEST ILLINOIS [IL] During our 20-year existence, we have provided planning, funding, and construction support for the Stephenson County, IL All Veterans Memorial Park. Additionally, financial support for construction of Veterans Memorials has been provided to several communities in Northwestern Illinois and Southern Wisconsin and the State of Illinois Korean War Memorial. The chapter also provides financial support to local veterans, veterans homes in Illinois and Wisconsin, Fisher House, Honor Flight, Vets Roll and the local Navy Junior ROTC program. We also provide people power to man the Salvation Army kettle collections during the holidays. Hopefully we can continue these efforts for years to come. We Are Here To Say Thank YouŽ Our Way A group of ladies bearing quilts surprised us at our March meeting. Joyce Murray, spokesperson for a group of quilters from the Freeport, IL area, where we are based, stated that the group had decided to start giving quilts to deserving veterans in the area as a way of recognizing their service. They decided that the local KWVA chapter would be the first area veterans organization to receive quilts as an expression of gratitude for their service to their country. Then they wrapped us in the quilts that they had brought with them. The nearby photo shows the result. We offer our heartfelt THANK YOU to the quilters for the honor and the generous expression of gratitude that you have given to us by presenting us these quilts. May God Bless their labors. Frank Searfoss, Ch. 150 and Department of IL President, 2626 Cooper Dr., Freeport, IL 61032 815/232-7597, 155 155 FLORIDA GULF COAST [FL] FLORIDA GULF COAST [FL] Korean War Veterans Present $1,000 for Annual Scholarship We proudly presented Florida SouthWestern State College a $1,000 check to the FSW Foundation for veteran scholarships. We strongly believe in the importance of educational opportunities for veterans so they can pursue careers that in turn benefit our community,Ž said Treasurer Bob Kent. We created the endowment to help our fellow veterans. It will be on record long after were all gone.Ž The KWVA is a group of exceptional gentlemen who are inspiring to all of us. They have served our country with honor and distinction, and they are wanting to help our veteran students realize their career dreams,Ž said Susie DeSantis, Executive Director, FSW Foundation. We greatly appreciate their generosity and how this will positively impact students.Ž The Florida SouthWestern State College Foundation currently has professionally managed endowments and other funds approaching $45 million that allow it to support the work of the college. The 36 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Frank Searfoss of Ch. 150 presents $1,000 donation to Paul Mayer of the Savanna, IL Veterans Memorial Committee, along with members Curtis Pilgrim, Lee Wallis and Bill Wienand (L-R). The memorial is scheduled to be completed and dedicated by Veterans Day, 2019 Herb Currier, Chuck Blum, Bill Penticoff, Bill McLenahan, Paul Jacovs, Walt Steffes, Shirley Toepfer, Bill Wienand, Harold Simier, Bob Schliess, Bob Kappes, Ralph Blum and Frank Searfoss, and (front seated) Wayne Derrer, Bob Mitchell, Curtis Pilgrim, Sara Kanzier and Lee Wallis of Ch. 150 at quilting ceremony. The three ladies standing on the right are quilters Mary Endress, Judy Wiersma, and Joyce Murray FSW Foundation Executive Director Susie DeSantis (center) accepts a $1,000 check from Ch. 155 to help the colleges veteran students. (Photo courtesy FSW)


Foundation provides nearly $2M annually in student scholarships and investments in programs, technology and facilities to benefit the nearly 22,000 students the college serves each year. Bob Kent, 239-945-3018, 172 172 HANCOCK COUNTY [OH] HANCOCK COUNTY [OH] SeaWha Jung, Assistant Professor of Music at the University of Findlay, spoke to the members at their April meeting. Professor Jung, who served his mandatory hitch in the South Korean Army before earning his degrees and coming to the states, presented a brief history of South Korea, offered stories from his elder family members about the war, and thanked the members for helping keep his nation free. Larry Monday, Secretary, 419-387-7532, 192 192 CITRUS COUNTY [FL] CITRUS COUNTY [FL] Korea War Veterans Honored,No LongerForgotten! Sandwiched between World War II and Vietnam, the Korean War, from 25 June 1950 „ 27 July 1953 was called a Police Action, Korean Conflict, and The Forgotten War. During these 3 years, 54,236 U.S. military were killed. Many deaths resulted from freezing by temperatures as low as 40 below zero. Additionally, 103,000 were wounded, 8,177 Missing In Action, and 7,000 became Prisoners Of War, of whom 3,450 returned alive. 389 POWs remain unaccounted for. Before and during the Korean War, South Korea was the 3rd poorest nation in the world. As a result of the ultimate sacrifices by U.S. military involvement, today, with international companies like Samsung, Korea Airlines, Hyundai and KIA motors, to name a few, South Korea has grown to 1 of the 15 fastest growing and wealthiest industrialized nations in just one generation. On March 7, 2018 Reverend Dae Sob Yoon, Pastor of the Citrus Hills Korean Community Church, and Dr. Young Youn, Secretary of the church, with over 50 members and other Koreanborn Citrus County residents attending, honored over 35 mem37 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 Professor SeaWha Jung speaks to Ch. 172 members (PF) Members of Ch. 172 at Professor SeaWha Jungs presentation A group Ch. 192 attendees during veteran recognition. Veterans (standing L-R) are Jim Crouch, USMC Frozen Chosen survivor, Alan McFarland, British Army, who fought with US Marines, and Past Commander, Walt Clevenger, USMC, our oldest member at age 92 Commander Hank Butler of Ch. 192 (L) presents Jim Crouch a golf shirt monogramed with Frozen Chosen


bers and families of our no longer forgotten Korean War veterans during a Thanksgiving/Appreciation Luncheon at the Citrus Hills Golf and Country Club. Commander Hank Butler presented Dr. Young Youn with a copy of the book, Korea Reborn, and an Honorary Life Membership in our chapter. If a pictures worth 1,000 words, the nearby photos describe many heartfelt words at the much appreciated event. Richard Kwiecienski, (352)382-4237, 200 200 NORTH EAST FLORIDA [FL] NORTH EAST FLORIDA [FL] On March 13, 2018, six members were presented with the Governors Veteran Service Award (medallion) by Governor Rick Scott at an awards ceremony held at the National Guard Armory. John E. Printy, 750 Blanding Blvd., Apt 83 Jacksonville, FL 32244, 904-771-3333 209 209 LAREDO KWVA 1950 [TX] LAREDO KWVA 1950 [TX] Members entered a float in the 2018 Anheuser-Busch Washingtons Birthday Parade that included photographs of the veterans. It won the Best Community Float honor. Ernesto Sanchez, 1307 E. Stewart Street Laredo, TX 78040 251 251 SAGINAWFRANKENMUTH [Ml] SAGINAWFRANKENMUTH [Ml] The guest speaker at our April meeting was Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Biologist Nate Lavitte, who gave a talk on deer management. He emphasized not to pick up fawns, as the doe is nearby watching. He mentioned preferred foods eaten by deer at different times of the year and about judging the age of deer by examining their teeth. Lavitte cited two diseases that are prevalent in deer in Michigan and other states: Bovine Tuberculosis and Chronic Wasting Disease, which is fatal. At this time they are studying 38 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Members of Ch. 200 who received the Governors Veteran Service Award: Henry Moreland, Earl McClendon, John Printy, Ed OSullivan, Don Foy, and Tom Stiefel (L-R) Nicolas Naez, Hector Garza, Paulino Lucio, Salvador Sciaraffa, Ernesto Sanchez and Andres Dimas (L-R) of Ch. 209 gather around their entry in the 2018 Anheuser-Busch Washingtons Birthday Parade Reverend Dae Sob Yoon (R) thanks Hank Butler and members of Ch. 192 for 3x5 Korean and American flags they presented to him As Vice Commander Bob Crawford (L) looks on, Hank Butler of Ch. 192 presents Dr. Young Youn (R) with a copy of Korea Reborn


what course of action should be taken to control the disease. The May meeting featured guest speaker Jim Baker, Chief Fish Biologist for the DNR for southern Lake Huron. He spoke about the collapse of the walleye fish population in the 1940s due to overfishing by commercial fishermen, pollution, invasive species, and the collapse of alewives and smelt. He told us about the recovery program, which involved raising walleyes in ponds and releasing them back into Saginaw Bay, where they are now self-sustaining and spawning naturally in the rivers. We now have an excellent walleye fishery that everyone can enjoy. Richard Carpenter, 4915 N. River Rd. Freeland, MI 48623 264 264 MT. DIABLO [CA] MT. DIABLO [CA] Nine members attended our March 14th meeting at which we discussed a number of agenda items. President Ken Rishell welcomed members and asked for a time of silence for the victims of Yountville and folks affected by the shooting. (As readers may recall, on March 9, 2018, a triple murder-suicide shooting took place at the Veterans Home in Yountville, California when a gunman entered the facility and killed three people. The chapter has a long history of working with veterans at the facility.) We voted to once again distribute water at the 2018 Memorial Day ceremonies, as we have done in the past. Stanley J. Grogan, 2585 Moraga Dr., Pinole, CA 94564 267 267 GENERAL JAMES A. VAN FLEET [FL] GENERAL JAMES A. VAN FLEET [FL] We donated $500 recently to the Music Program at the JJ Finley Elementary School of Gainesville, Florida. Mrs. Jenny Eckenrode, Music Director, produces a patriotic music program every year during Veterans Day week and our Color Guard has been going for several years now to present the Colors. It does some old soldiers hearts good each year to see over 500 students from grades 1 to 5, their teachers, and many of their parents, all pledge allegiance to the flag, stand for the national anthem, and sing some of the patriotic songs performed so well by Mrs. Eckenrodes music students. 39 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 Gorman Wolfe, Nate Lavitte, and Jim Wressell (L-R) at Ch. 251 meeting Jim Baker (C) at Ch. 251 with two chapter members Norm Tankersley, Ch. 267 Commander, Jenny Eckenrode, Principal Kathleen Valdes, and Don Sherry (L-R) at JJ Finley Elementary School presentation Dave McDonald (foreground), founder of Ch. 264, Korean War Bronze Star and Purple Heart recipient, MGen (ret) Dan Helix, Ch. 264 member (background), and representative of a local veterans chapter in Concord, CA


We salute her and the support provided by her principal, Kathleen Valdes. Rest assured that we will continue to attend this assembly as long as we can to offer our support for instilling patriotism and love of country in our youth. Don Sherry, Adjutant, 352-375-835, 305 305 CARSON CITY [NV] CARSON CITY [NV] Hannah Kim Visits Carson City Korean War Memorial on 50State Tour On May 1, 2018 we hosted Hannah Kim as she visited our Memorial in Carson City. This was her second state stop on her journey to visit a Korean War Memorial in all 50 states. There were several chapter members in attendance, as well as Carson City Mayor Bob Crowell and members of the Korea-America Association of Reno. The Carson City Korean War Memorial was the first in the state dedicated to the memory of the Korean War veteran. Larry Osborne, 321 321 RICHARD L. QUATIER [WA] RICHARD L. QUATIER [WA] U. S. Senator Marie Cantwell (D-WA) visited us on March 30th to present a copy of the Senate-approved Korean War Wall of Remembrance authorization bill. Several members went on an Honor Flight in 2017, as pictured above. We have new officers. They are listed in the nearby photo Gene B. Russell, 10404 NE 198th St. Battle Ground, WA 98604, 360-687-7875 40 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Hannah Kim visits with veterans of the Korean War in Carson City, NV President Bill Heinz of Ch. 305 and Hannah Kim place a wreath at the memorial Hannah Kim and Ch. 305 members Ch. 305 secretary Larry Osborne and Hannah Kim at Carson City, NV stop U.S. Senator Marie Cantwell, President Ralph Hager, Byung J. Ji, Vancouver Korean Society of America, and Past Commander Ed Barnes (L-R) at Ch. 321 presentation 2017 Honor Flight participants from Ch. 321: (Standing L-R) Ed Barnes, Earl Edwards, John Landahl, Al Bauer, Carl Hissman, Cliff Richard; (Sitting L-R) Merle Osborne, Ken Smith, Don Cabe, and Roy Anderson (Thomas Hoyd participated, but was not available for the photo)


41 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 327 327 GEN. JOHN H. MICHAELIS [PA] GEN. JOHN H. MICHAELIS [PA] Knowing how difficult it is for many members to attend Memorial Day observances in their area, we jumped the gun and conducted an in-house ceremony on May 9th to honor veterans of all wars who lost their lives in defense of our freedoms. Our chaplain, Rev. Dr. Grover G. DeVault (LTC) USA, Ret., was given responsibility for preparing a service. After posting of the colors and pledge to the flag, Rev. DeVault issued a Call to Worship. An invocation and reading from scripture was given by Rev. Myung Kuk Kim, pastor of a local Christian church. Rev. DeVault gave a brief homily entitled Memorial Meditation. In the three years we have been in existence, we have lost no fewer than 22 members. The funeral for the most recent member to die was being held at almost the same hour as our service. To honor their memory, we conducted the Two-Bell Ceremony. As John Delagrange read each name, Carl Witwer followed with two strikes of the ships bell. The program concluded with playing a DVD of recorded Taps followed by Ronan Tynan and the West Point Glee club singing In the Mansions of the Lord.Ž All agreed, this was a most impressive, meaningful ceremony. In addition to Pastor Kim, other guests included Dr. Duckhee Shin, her husband, Michael Shin, Miky Philson, Secty/Gen. of the Central Pennsylvania Korean Association, and Young Sol. We were very pleased that a number of wives were present for this occasion. Paul H. Cunningham, 1841 Pool Forge, Lancaster, PA 17601, 717-299-1990, DEPARTMENTS FLORIDA FLORIDA The department celebrated its annual convention on 28 April 2018 at VFW Post 3282 in Port Orange, FL. Chapter 189, ROBERT McGUIRE, hosted the event attended by 61 representatives from various chapter in Florida. Attendees enjoyed a catered lunch. Joseph G. Sicinski, 386-492-6551, John Delagrange reads names at Ch. 327 memorial ceremony as Carl Witwer rings ships bell Rev. Dr. Grover G. DeVault opens Ch. 327 Memorial Day service New officers for Ch. 321 (Standing L-R) Adjutant Jerry Keese, Directors Ed Hewitt, Earl Edwards, Bobby Worden, Gene Russell, Treasurer Jim Mead; (Sitting L-R) 1st Vice Cmdr. Merle Osborne, 2nd Vice Cmdr. Jason Atkins, Cmdr. Ralph Hager, Director Lee Phillips Pastor Kim speaks to Ch. 327 audience


42 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Attendees at Florida convention enjoy lunch All business at Florida convention Below, Newly elected officers of Department of Florida: President Charles R. Travers, 1st VP Joseph G. Sicinski, 2nd VP Richard Arcand, Treasurer E. Gardner Harshman (L-R) Left, Maxine Parker Corbin, former commander of the Department of Florida, addresses attendees at 2018 gathering


43 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 91st MP. Bn. group at American Legion Post 32 (L-R) Fran Gay, Jack Walker, Nancy Walker, Richard Suchodolski Manuel Sanchez (Standing) Mary Carpenter, Arlen Blumer, Velma Monk, Mary Carpenter 91st MP Bn. Korea (1952-54) In the March-April issue, p. 68, we included a story about the 91st MP Bn.s 22nd Annual Reunion in Springfield, IL. Unfortunat ely we were unable to include the photos due to a technical glitch. So, we are including them here. Manuel Sanchez, 4160 Burnham St., Saginaw, MI 48638, 989-793-4277 Group at 91st MP Bn. at Korean War Memorial in Springfield, IL (Front Row L-R) Velma Monk, Dorothy King, Richard Suchodolski, Fran Gay, Nancy Walker; (Middle Row L-R) Mary Carpenter, Arlen Blumer, Jack Walker; (Back Row L-R) Manuel Sanchez, Ward Blumer, Abby Blumer Attendees from 91 MP Bn. at Chesapeake Sea Food House in Springfield, IL (L-R) Fran Gay, Mary Carpenter, Richard Suchodolski, Jack Walker, Nancy Walker, Dorothy King, Manuel Sanchez, Arlen Blumer, Abby Blumer, Ward Blumer, Velma Monk Richard Suchodolski, Jack Walker, Manuel Sanchez, and Arlen Blumer (L-R) of 91st MP Bn. at the Korean Memorial in Springfield, IL


May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards 44 By GranddaughterŽ Hannah Y KimMost people ask me why Ive embarked on the current 50-state, 70-city, 90-day journey to visit Korean War Memorials (KWMs) across our beautiful nation. As many of you know, I left my job as a congressional aide last year to travel around the world and document the stories of veterans in every country that participated in the Korean War, including Russia, China and North Korea. It was the most fulfilling experience in my life. I wanted to do more for those whom I proudly refer to as my GrandpasŽ „because if you didnt fight I wouldnt exist. My mission at hand, as a grateful Korean American, is to thank as many Korean War veterans (KWVs) Grandpas in person, while paying tribute to those who never returned home. In doing so, I aim to raise awareness and funds to help etch the names of more than 36,000 KIAs and 8,000 POW/MIAs on the Wall of Remembrance at the National Korean War Memorial in Washington, D.C. I want America to remember the Forgotten WarŽ and recognize that Freedom isnt free. I started my whirlwind tour across the USŽ from my hometown of Los Angeles, CA, on my birthday on April 27, 2018, coincidentally when the historical Peace Summit between the two Koreas took place at the Panmunjom. The finish line is in Washington, D.C., on Armistice Day, July 27, 2018. Im praying for the formal end of the war to bring some closure to many KWVs and their families. I take very seriously the responsibility and honor of being the ad hoc representative of the Korean War Veterans Association, Inc. (KWVA), and Ambassadress of the Korean War Veterans Memorial Foundation (KWVMFnd), bestowed upon me by President Tom Stevens and Colonel William Weber. As Im traveling, I also have lofty goals of helping to bridge the local KWVA chapters to the Korean American community, and encourage the formation of new chapters of the KWVA, led by Korea Defense Veterans (KDVs), who will ultimately carry on your legacy. By the time youre reading this Id already have met a number of you as Id be halfway into the journey. Ill never forget: € April 14: the Kick-off event, which was a Motorcycle Bike Run with the local Harley Owners Groups along the Korean War Veterans Memorial HighwayŽ (CA126 State Route) to the KWM in Santa Paula, CA. Grandpa David Lopez (President, KWVA #56) has been compiling and mailing out the chapter newsletter by hand, alone, since 1995. € April 27: the first stop in San Francisco, at the KWM overlooking the Golden Gate Bridge and the Alcatraz. The ceremony was organized by the Korean War Memorial Foundation, with a luncheon hosted by the ROK General Consul. Lt Col. John Stevens (Navy Cross) was instrumental in getting the Memorial built in 2016. It took him six years. He is now 98 years young. € April 30: the rose garden picnic, at the KWM in Roseville, CA, organized by the Sacramento Korean Association, attended by many KWVs from the local VFW and American Legion. Grandpa George Manzoli came to America from Italy to attend school and ended up being drafted to Korea. € May 1: the town gathering, at the KWM in Carson City, NV. KWVA #305 Secretary/ Uncle Larry Osborne (KDV) brought out the entire chapter and the Mayor. I met GrandmaŽ Dena, my first female KWV, and Grandpa Ed, who was a POW for 33 months. € May 3: the emotional encounter, at the KWM in Boise, ID, with AuntŽ Jorga Reyburn, daughter of a MIA, who after 68 years is still hurting and yearning for her missing father. € May 5: TWO beautiful ceremonies near Portland, OR, at the KWMs in Wilsonville with KWVA #72 Oregon Trail, and another one at the Willamette National Cemetery, where I met the Chosin Few who told me the Tootsie Roll story. € May 8: the poignant gathering, at the Memorial in Anchorage, AK, joined by KWVA #288, and Alaska National Guard Major General Laurie Hummel, (KDV), whose father is a KWV. € May 10: the short but sweet meeting at the KWM in Olympia, WA, where Grandpa Jerry Rettela (KWVA #310 President) drove four hours from the Canadian border to meet me and donate $100 to the Wall. € May 13: the unforgettable road-trip with Uncle Bill Jarocki (son of KWVA #82 President, Stan Jarocki), from the KWM in Missoula, where we were joined by Uncle Mike Aldridge, who shared stories about his father Roy Aldridge (KWVA #249), to the KWM in Butte, where we met Grandpa Richard Skates (Chosin Few) who gave me the KWV Commemorative Stamp. € May 15: what felt like a family reunion, at the KWM in Cody, WY, where I stayed overnight with Grandpa Jack Martin (KWVA #307 President) and his lovely wife Diane. The ceremony was attended by everyone in the chapter, as well as former Senator Alan Simpson and the Mayor. € May 16: the inspiring commemoration, in Salt Lake City, UT, where Darryl Root, VFW State Jr. Vice Commander and KDV, turned out KWVs, as well as representatives from the Because I Love You


The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 VFW, American Legion, DAV, Governors and Mayors offices, plus two congressional offices. I was so inspired by Utahans dedication to our veterans. Uncle Darryl is now working on creating a local KWVA chapter. € May 17: the intimate get-together at the KWM in Colorado Springs, CO where, after the ceremony, I had a blast chatting with my Grandpas and two widows of KWVA #9 over lunch, as if we were longtime friends. € May 19: the enchanting afternoon, at the KWM in Albuquerque, NM, where Grandpa Stan Joarocki (KWVA #82 President) and his chapter members and I were joined by the sister of an MIA and her Blue Star Mothers group. I still have a long way to travel. But I go forth gratefully, and gleefully. It has been my greatest privilege and joy to meet you, while recording your heartfelt stories and learning about the efforts behind the construction of these precious Memorials in the cities Im visiting. Simply put, Im Coming to a Memorial Near youŽ „ because I love you...and thank you. (The rest of my itinerary can be found at You can view videos and more pictures from each visit on my Facebook page at Remember727. Please friend me! Or email me at Roseville, CA Santa Rosa, CA San Francisco, CA 45


May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards 46 Portland, OR Boise, ID Anchorage, AK Seattle, WA


The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 47 Missoula, MT Colorada Springs, CO Cody, WY Albuquerque, NM


May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards 48 By Art SharpAnother outstanding Korean War Historical Seminar presented by the Outpost International, Society of the 3rd Infantry Division is in the books. Once again there was only one U.S. Marine present. The sponsors (and the lone Marine) are soliciting a presenter at the next seminar to tell the story, or some aspect of it, of the 1st Divisions and its supporting units involvement in the Korean War. Any volunteers? The April 2018 seminar was as well presented as its predecessors. Topics included the British Gloucestershire Regiments valiant stand at the Battle of the Imjin River, the role of and need for clear, concise, accurate intel in combat operations (which wasnt always available in Korea), a profile of deceased U.S. Army Medal of Honor recipient Einar Ingman, entertaining comments from living Medal of Honor recipient Ron Rosser, an update from the DPAA on POWs/MIAs, an emotional account by David Nills of his time as a North Korean POW when he was only seventeen years old, analyses of the current North Korean-South KoreanU.S. talks by high-ranking South Korean military leaders, e.g., South Korean military attach BGen. Se Woo Pyo, a history of why China entered the warƒthe list goes on. Hosts LtCol Tim Stoy and Capt. Monika Stoy, both U.S. Army retired, did their usual outstanding job of arranging and marshalling the presentations. They are always seeking new topics and presenters from all branches of the armed forces. (Hence the request for a U.S. Marine to participate.) And they always have at least one representative from another UN country to tell of its participation. In the past we have heard from reps from Greece, Luxembourg, Great BritainƒThe Stoys have reached out to representatives from Russia, China, and North Korea each time. So far, no response. The seminar is more than presentations in a conference room. There is always a trip to Arlington National Cemetery for a Saturday morning ceremony in the amphitheater and visits to the graves of some of the Korean War luminaries buried there. The speaker this time was U.S. Army Chief of Staff General Mark A. Milley, who mesmerized the audience with an extemporaneous speech that extolled the virtues of military service and its impact on U.S. history. General Milley was responsible for two of the more heartwarming scenes at Arlington after his speech. It was a busy day for Honor Flights, and one side of the Tomb of the Unknowns plaza was packed with participants, many in wheelchairs, for the wreath laying ceremony. And there was the general going from veteran to veteran, shaking hands, and passing out challenge coins. From a casual observers viewpoint, for him it was not a case of general to individual; it was soldier to soldier, rank be damned. It was truly a spectacular sight to witness. Perhaps the most amusing„and memorable„event occurred in the museum at the Tomb of the Unknowns. We were touring the WANTED: One U.S. Marine to reinforce lone Leather Gen. Pyo updates attendees on Korean situation as Al Short listens in foreground Mary Ingman, Monika Stoy, and Col. Lee (L-R) of Korean Military Attaches office at banquet


The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 49 museum at the site when Mary Ingman, Einars daughter, and I looked up to see an amazing sight. There was General Milley in full dress uniform leading a privateŽ tour of the museum to a group that included several kids. He was in his glory„and they probably thought he was somebody who sold ice cream at a concession stand near the cemetery. We wondered how many people in the group realized they were being led by the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army. Somehow I wasnt surprised by the generals enthusiasm and interface with the public. He had already impressed me before his speech at the amphitheater. The Stoys were introducing him to the real heroes at the ceremony, .e.g., Ron Rosser, several 3d Inf. Div. veterans of the Korean War, David Nills, Mary Ingman (in lieu of her father), et al. I was sitting there merely as an escort officer,Ž wearing a tie bearing the insignia of the Second Marine Division, of which I had been a member for four years. He immediately recognized the barely discernible Follow MeŽ insignias and said Its an honor to have a Marine with us.Ž No, Sir, the honor was all mine. I had a sudden urge„quickly suppressed„to run out and join the Army. Rock of the Marne!Ž As usual the event ended with a Saturday night banquet and the 3rd Infantry Divisions signature PunchbowlŽ ceremony, which consists of copious amounts of alcohol being poured into one bowl and then consumed to the last drop by everyone in attendance. Due to technical differences this time we made do with a non-alcoholic punch concocted by PunchmasterŽ Al Goshi, LtCol USA (ret.) who, along with his wife Michele, works as tirelessly as the Stoys to make the seminars so valuable. The punch included maple syrup, soy sauce, Kool aid, sparkling water, motor oil, unsparkling water, orange juice, vinegar, grape juice, fingernail polishƒ(I may be making up some of those ingredients.) Somehow it didnt taste any different than the alcoholic variety. Either way everyone went home happy„as always. We will gather again in Springfield, VA October 17-21 for our next seminar. There is only one thing that can make it better than our previous conferences: another Marine to give the USMCs side of the story. Any volunteers?Alan Alda served in Korea„but not in a M*A*S*H* unit An added feature was a personal Friday evening tour of the Korean War Veterans Memorial conducted by Ron Rothberg, a National Park Service volunteer who has done presentations for KWVA members at Washington D.C. area functions. (He also spoke at the seminar.) Ron was kind enough to donate his time for our small group„and provide us with a bit of an insight into some of his exchanges with visitors regarding Alan Aldas alleged picture on the wall at the memorial. His presentation was illuminating (as was the light cast upon the patrolŽ) and insightful. Ron proved that even the most knowledgeable Korean War buffs can learn something new when treated to a tour in small groups„for which we can thank him. The number of people visiting the memorial was amazing, especially for a Friday night. It seems like every school on the North American continent had sent students to visit the memorial that night. It was refreshing to see so many of them learning about the war, although their guides usually led them through the site more quickly than a starving raccoon can work its way through a collection of overstuffed and open garbage cans. erneck at Korean War Historical Seminar Wreath laying ceremony at 3d Inf. Div. monument at Arlington National Cemetery; MOH recipient Ron Rosser is seated Korean entertainers at Korean War Historical seminar banquet


50 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards There was a chill in the air that led a bit of authenticity to the environment in which a real patrol may have been operating. As we strolled, Ron and I discussed when the first U.S. Marine units reached Korea in 1950. He had heard they were there well before the Inchon landing and that General Walton Walker had lamented the fact that they were not assigned to him. (Maybe some of you have heard similar rumblings. If so, let us know.) This is what we determined through joint research. The 1st Marine Division landed there on August 2, 1950. The ground troops did not go into action until September 15th. The air wing was in combat almost immediately. The first elements of the brigade came ashore at Pusan on Aug. 2. The next day, the first Marine aviation mission against North Korea was flown from the USS Sicily (CVE-118) by gull-winged Corsairs of Marine Corps Fighter Squadron 214 (VMF-214) in a raid against North Korean installations. They were subsequently joined by Marine Fighter Squadron 323 (VMF-323), flying from the USS Badoeng Strait (CVE-116). The two squadrons harassed enemy positions and installations near the city of Seoul and close to both the 38th parallel and North Korean Army supply lines. On the ground, the 1st Marine Division spearheaded the assault at Inchon. The attacking force had to navigate a narrow channel with swift currents and horrendous tidal changes, while dodging islands and potential coastal defense battery sites. Final approval for the operation, code named CHROMITE, was not given until Sept. 8. The highlight of our evening may have been Rons exchange with a student who asked him to point out Alan Aldas picture on the wall. You will recall that Alan Alda starred as Hawkeye Pierce for eleven seasons on the TV comedy M*A*S*H*. He did such a convincing job that some people believed he was actually a Korean War veteran, and that his picture is on the wall at the memorial. Ron adamantly corrected one young lady in a high school group who insisted that it was„and would not accept Rons statement that it wasnt. The debate between the two became comical and drew a crowd. Ultimately the young lady relented when Ron asked her to show him where she thought his picture was on the wall. Youre the tour guide,Ž she said. You show me.Ž Id be glad to„if it were there, which it isnt,Ž he rejoined. Okay, wheres the dog?Ž she asked in order to switch topics. (There is a dog pictured on the wall, which is apparently the second most popular sight visitors ask tour guides to point out.) After the tour I sent Ron a thank youŽ message, with a facetious reference to Alan Alda. I received a surprising response. Thanks again for the tour last Friday night,Ž I wrote. We appreciated your willingness to go above the call of duty, and we learned a lot. If only we had been able to locate Alan Aldas picture on the wall. (Just kidding.)Ž He responded quickly to the information about Marines reaching Korea and Alan Alda: Allan Millet, in The War for Korea, Vol 2, says that the 1st Marine Brigade arrived sometime between 31 Jul and 2 Aug [1950] in the Pusan perimeter. The Brigade saw action and then joined with the rest of 1st Div for the Inchon Landing. I cant find my reference to Walker lamenting the loss of the Marines for the landing. I got another Alan Alda sighting yesterday by someone with an Honor Flight. I have a correction. He did serve in Korea as a gunnery officer„after his 1956 graduation from college. Still, he wasnt there during Korean War. From Alda himself in 2013: I see you read Wikipedia,Ž he joked. My Wikipedia page says I served in the military as a gunnery officer, but thats actually not true. I served briefly in the Army Reserve, and was deployed for about six months. They had designs of making me into an officer but, uh ... it didnt go so well. I was in charge of a mess tent. Some of that made it into the show.Ž Best, Ron Rothberg, So, we learned something from our tour of the memorial„especially that Ron Rothberg is a dedicated and knowledgeable guide and a tribute to the National Park Service. Monika Stoy presents Col. Lee, who is returning to Korea, a memento of his time in U.S. Daughters of 3d Inf. Div. Korean War veteran John Jackson with MOH recipient Ron Rosser at Arlington National Cemetery


51 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 By Jim Dresbach, Pentagram Staff Writer May 3, 2018 An inaugural, historical seminar studying and discussing the battles and units of the Korean War was hosted by Outpost International, Society of the 3rd Infantry Division; Army Historical Foundation, and the Republic of Koreas Attach Office in Washington, D.C., from April 18-21. While the seminar took place in Springfield, Virginia, commemorations moved north to Arlington National Cemetery April 21 where featured speaker U.S. Army Chief of Staff Gen. Mark A. Milley took the Memorial Amphitheater podium. The Armys chief of staff told Korean War veterans, Allied partners from Britain, Australia, Greece, and Families of the war dead America learned two major lessons from the Asian war„to always stay prepared and to know why we fight. The great lesson of the Korean War is that large, capable military forces in a high state of readiness tend to preserve the peace,Ž Milley said. We know to keep the peace, you have to prepare for war.Ž Milley called the Korean conflict costlyŽ and horrific,Ž noting that the peninsula combat claimed more than 5 million lives, including nearly 37,000 American service members who were killed in action. The chief told the audience 103,000 Americans were wounded and over 7,000 remain missing in action today. The chief concluded by explaining why America fights tyranny, dictatorships, and terrorism. Milley said the American idea involves that fact that all are free and equal. NOTE: The Pentagram is happy to share this article (Gen. Milley speaks at Korean War ceremony, By Jim Dresbach) with your publication. Brent Wucher, JBM-HH Public Affairs Office, Command Information Officer, 204 Lee Avenue, BLDG 59, Fort Myer, Va. 22211 Gen. Milley speaks at Korean War ceremony Retired U.S. Army Capt. Monika Stoy, Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army Gen. Mark A. Milley, and Korean Attach Brig. Gen. Se Woo Pyo stand during the playing of the Army Song, which was performed by the U.S. Army Pershings OwnŽ Brass Quintet Saturday at Arlington National Cemetery Amphitheater. (Photos by Jim Dresbach) Former Korean War prisoner of war David Nills salutes Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army Gen. Mark A. Milley after being introduced at the Arlington National Cemeterys Memorial Amphitheater Saturday during a ceremony commemorating the Korean War. As a 17-year-old soldier Nills was wounded multiple times and taken prisoner by Chines communist troops. How the N.Y. Yankees benefited from the Korean War Philadelphia Phillies lefthander Curt Simmons was enjoying a good year in 1950, as were the Phillies, for whom he was pitching. Then the North Koreans invaded their brothers to the south and Simmons year on the mound ended. The Phillies were fighting to win the pennant in 1950, a rarity for them. Simmons had won seventeen games by the end of August. In September Simmons was called to active duty for Korean service along with his National Guard unit. But Simmons wasnt worried. Right after I had been activated (in 1950) Phillies owner and club president Bob Carpenter said don't worry, he was going to get me out of it, [which] never happened,Ž Simmons said. Carpenters failure to get relief for Simmons ended the star pitchers season and put a damper on the Phillies chances of winning the pennant. But, they prevailed and faced the Yankees in the World Series, which had to be frustrating for Simmons. He was stationed at Camp Atterbury in Indiana, close enough to get to Philadelphia or New York to pitch, and he had a ten-day pass to attend the World Series. But all he could do was watch. Phillies manager Eddie Sawyer opted to keep Simmons off the eligibility list because of his limited baseball activity while away. Ergo, Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler would not let him pitch. The Yankees won four straight games, which might not have happened if Simmons had been ruled eligible to pitch. Simmons spent the next year in the army as well, but returned to the Phillies in 1953. Not having Curt Simmons all year really hurt us in 1951,Ž manager Eddie Sawyer said. But he returned in 1952, skipped spring training, and compiled a 14-8 record. There is no telling what affect his participation in the 1950 World Series would have had on the outcome. Instead of serving up strikeouts, walks, and home runs, he was serving his country. Which was more important?


52 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The GraybeardsPresident Stevens dedicates memorial at College of the Ozarks KWVA National President Tom Stevens participated in a Korean War Memorial dedication on the campus of the College of the Ozarks, Point Lookout, MO on April 18, 2018. A banquet in Keeter Lodge preceded the ceremony. About 1,500 people attended the dedication in great April in the OzarksŽ weather. Several notable people spoke prior to the memorial unveiling. They included Dr. Jerry C. Davis, President of the College, retired U.S. Marine General Terrance R. Dake, and Tom Stevens. Stevens said, It was a distinct honor and pleasure for me to be invited to participate in this very momentous occasion. Its such a memorable event. Its a memory Ill never forget.Ž Stevens recited as part of his presentation The Forgotten War,Ž a poem written by KWVA member Sam Fielder, Jr. The college choir sang, God Bless AmericaŽ and other patriotic songs. It was an extremely well-planned, stirring ceremony with many Springfield, MO area Korean War veterans, students, and Korean-Americans from the surrounding area in attendance. Anyone visiting Branson, MO should not miss seeing Patriotic Park on the campus of The College of the Ozarks, which is quite close nearby. For a local account of the event go to http://www.ky3. com/content/news/Korean-War-Memorial-unveiled-at-Collegeof-the-Ozarks„480205263.html YouTube presents the November 2017 Veterans Day CeremonyDirectors/Officers/Members/Friends: Please share with your Chapter members and general public. The link below was produced by Mr. Fremont V Brown III, Korean Defense Veterans, who attended the ceremonies in Washington, D.C, on Veterans Day, November 11, 2017. You may want to show at one of your chapter meetings. Click on the links below. James R. Fisher, National Executive Director, Korean War Veterans AssociationKorean War veterans honored at Boston Marathon Lightning struck again! Two Korean War veterans, Larry Cole of Ch. 141, Cape Cod & the Islands, and Howard Luckett, were named honorary captains of the two military relay teams in the Boston Marathon on Patriots Day, Monday, April 16th, and then elevated to Grand Marshalls for the event. They rode the course in a vehicle leading the way for 30,000 participants and the 16member military relay. Giselle Sterling, the Commissioner of Veterans Services, and Jimmy Santos, a VSO, worked very closely with BAA staff to select the military relay teams, plus us. Massachusetts has a Department of Veterans Services and every municipality is covered, even if shared among small ones. Its a good state to be a veteran in. The race commemorated the 100th anniversary of the 1918 race when the event was held as a military relay as a result of the United States involvement in WWI. you can use The monument at College of the Ozarks Korean War veterans Charles Mack, Tom Stevens, Missouri State Commander Terry Bryant, and Don Gutman at the Korean War Memorial dedication banquet Dr. Jerry C. Davis, President of the College of the Ozarks, (seated right), retired Marine General Terrance R. Dake (L), and Tom Stevens (speaking) at memorial dedication


53 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 According to an article in the April 11, 2018 Cape Cod Times, Cole, 84, is an Army veteran who served in Korea and was on the front lines with an infantry unit when the armistice was signed in July 1953, ending the war. After active duty he stayed in the U.S. Army Reserves and retired as a Master Sergeant. He later was active in the Cape & Islands chapter for Korean War veterans. He has run the Boston Marathon twice.Ž Access the article at 20180411/marathon-harwichs-larry-cole-named-honorary-captain-of-military-relayFlags burn during retirement ceremonyBy Lou Horyza On April 28th the American Heritage Girls, assisted by the 4th Degree Knights of Columbus St. Joseph Assembly 2246 of Milpitas, held a retirement ceremony to ceremoniously dispose of USA flags from around the area. Of the 75 flags retired, Milpitass Dale Flonoy and Renee Lorentzen of the Parks and Recreation Dept. retired 6 flags from the city at the request of Lou Horyza, another 4th Degree Knight, but also a Korean War veteran, who officiated at the ceremony. The ceremony was held at St. Francis Cabrini Catholic Church in San Jose, with the singing of the National Anthem and then the Pledge of Allegiance. It took almost two hours to complete the ceremony. The Heritage Girls of America holds this Honorable Ceremony at least once a year, sometimes twice, depending on how many flags are acquired. We thank the Milpitas Parks and Recreation Dept. for their contribution to this very formal event. Louis P. Horyza, 667 Escuela Pl. Milpitas, CA 95035, 408-263-8779, LouPegH@aol.comPaul Kim featured in articleNational Assistant Chaplain Paul Kim was featured in an April 20, 2018 issue of Baptist Press titled Asian Americans to honor SBC execs for ethnic inclusion.Ž As the article noted, The National Asian American (NAA) Fellowship will honor two Southern Baptist Convention executives for speeding progress in ethnic diversity during its annual meeting June 11 in Dallas.Ž We have united together much, much more,Ž Paul Kim, Asian American relations consultant of the SBC Executive Committee (EC), told Baptist Press.First Lady of Maryland appointed to honorary position On February 27, 2018, at the United States Capitol, the First Lady of the State of Maryland, Mrs. Yumi Hogan, was appointed as an Honorary Ambassadress of the General Richard G. Stilwell Korean War Veterans Memorial Foundation. Mrs. Hogan has been a very strong supporter for Korean War and Korean Defense Veterans and their families. The appointLarry Cole near the Boston Marathon start line on race morning. The 5th RCT cap is clearly visible. Howard Duckett (L), Giselle Sterling (C), and Larry Cole Pictured along with the girls and Knights is Pastor Father Michael Hendrickson of St. Francis Cabrini, who held the opening prayer at the Milpitas flag burning ceremony (Photo by Maria Nunez Michel Studios) The plaque presented to Mrs. Yumi Hogan


54 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards mentŽ was in recognition of her dedication to ensuring that those who served in the war and on the Korean peninsula are properly thanked and honored for their service to both the United States of America and the Republic of Korea. In attendance at this special ceremony were Congressman Chris Hayes (D-MD), COL (Ret) William Weber, Mrs. Annelie Weber, COL (Ret) Rick Dean, Mr. Thomas Kim, Ms. Michelle Misook Won, COL Kim ROK Embassy, and LTC Lee ROK Embassy.Art Cheek receives Ambassador for Peace Medal„ with a twist When Arthur Cheek received his Ambassador for Peace Medal he accepted it with a twist. He handed the presenter with a gift, a copy of John Cunninghams video about the 1st Marine Divisions 4.5 Inch Rocket Batterys participation in the Korean War. (See the story on page 64.) Arthur M. Cheek, 1501 85th Ave. N Saint Petersburg, FL 33702, 727-576-4857 Korean-Americans Learning Values of a Free Society The Korean-American Citizens League of New England recently welcomed the new Consul General of Korea in Boston, Yonghyun Kim, and his wife, along with past Director and KWVA 2nd Vice President candidate Al McCarthy, at their annual recognition dinner. The event recognizes students from the Korean-American community who interned with legislators on Beacon KWVA Executive Director Jim Fisher (R) and Rick Dean (L) with Mrs. Yumi Hogan at U.S. Capitol The cover of John Cunninghams DVD Al McCarthy is introduced at Boston meeting Guests assembled to honor Mrs. Yumi Hogan (C): Thomas Kim, Annelie Weber, Col. Kim, Bill Weber, Jim Fisher, Chris Hayes, Rick Dean, Col. Lee, and Michelle Misook Won (L-R) Art Cheek exchanges gifts with Ambassador for Peace Medal presenter


55 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 Hill in Boston. The students work directly with legislators on pending legislation, candidate polls, canvassing of constituent neighborhoods, and learn firsthand the values of a free society.El Paso veterans featured on TVChannel 7, KVIA TV in El Paso, TX aired a special segment recently featuring Korean War veterans from Chapter 249 COL Joseph C. Rodriguez (MOH), El Paso, TX. The segment was designed to solicit their impressions about current events unfolding in the Korean Peninsula and their experiences during the Korean War. Part of the story reads: Every Saturday members of the El Paso Korean War Veterans Association meet to reflect on their time serving our country, to keep their memories alive. They said with the current political climate on the Korean peninsula, theyre cautiously optimistic, expressing specific concerns about North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. The Korean war is still not over,Ž said combat veteran Bill Whitely. There has never been an armistice.Ž (Access the story at Rogers on Honor Flight Leroy Rogers of Maryville, TN participated in the Honor Air Flight #24, on Wednesday, August 2, 2017. He described it simply as a thrill.Ž Yonghyun Kim, Al McCarthy, and Ming Dong (L-R) in Boston Student legislative leaders honored at Boston dinner Attendees at Boston Citizens League event Leroy Rogers with Brenda Sellers on Honor Flight Day Dont worry about the ChineseThere was a feeling among U.S intelligence experts in mid-1950 that the Chinese would not enter the Korean War: Chinas Civil War was still ongoing The Chinese invasion of Tibet was underway They had only 625 tanks in their army Their economy was crippled due to years of war Political upheaval was in early stages of development They ignored all the reasons to stay out of the fighting, surprised a lot of military planners, and lengthened the war considerably.


56 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Where were you on July 27th? [This is another installation in a continuing series of Where were you on July 27, 1953?Ž The series can only continue if you send your remembrances of that day. It doesnt matter where you were: back at home by that time, en route to Korea, on the front lines, on R&Rƒwe would like to know where you were, what you were doing, how you reacted, etc. Send your stories to us at: Arthur G. Sharp, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573.]I lost my betThe Korean War started on June 25, 1950„the same day I lost my job. On July, 19, 1950 I turned 18 years old. I joined the Marine Corps one month later, on August 24th. I wanted to be a hero and have a lot of girlfriends. After one week in boot camp I changed my mind. God help me survive! I received my first stripe before leaving boot camp. On Christmas Eve of the same year I arrived in Newfoundland. I worked guard duty, walking post in the snow, ice, and freezing cold. God help me survive! The command was shorthanded, and about half of the Marines were sent to Korea. While in Newfoundland, I met a girl and got married. The best decision I ever made. I also received my second and third stripes. Figured the Marine Corps must be running out of NCOs. God help me survive! My next move was to the Marine Barracks, Navy Shipyard, Portsmouth, VA. Guard Duty, Sgt of the Guard. Six months later I was at Camp Pendleton combat training and became a Platoon Sgt. Second day I was climbing steep hills, legs hurting like hell. God help me survive! March 1953. On the troop ship, headed for Korea, we were going up and didnt agree with me. God help me survive! First day ashore in Korea I was dead tired and relieved from Platoon Sgt command. That night I forgot to secure the inside of my sleeping bag to the outside and went to sleep. There was an air raid that night with bombs exploding all around the area. I had rotated in my bag and could not get out...God help me survive...and went back to sleep. The next morning I was sent to Division M.P. They were very short handed. Most NCOs must have been sent to the front lines. God help me survive! July 27, 1953. I was in a tent close to the front lines...anywhere within two miles was too close for me. Heard a lot of shooting. We were told it was going to stop at 2200 that night. As the sun went down, so many shells were flying in both directions that the proximity fuses were setting them off as they passed each other bombs bursting in air. It was like fireworks in New York City on the 4th of July. July 27, 1953, 2200 hours: everything stopped. I made a $5 bet with a buddy that the shooting would start again within 24 hours. July 28, 1953. I paid him the $5, went outside, raised my arms and said, Thank you God for helping me survive!Ž I returned home September 1954. Thanks to God and my sweet, beautiful wife (same one I started with 67 years ago), I am still in good condition, more or less. Gunny Sgt Clarence R. Davis, 600 South Kimberly Rd., Box 2-C, Warner Robins, GA 31088, 478-952-3843Epstein & Beauchamp may sound like a law firm, but its a different type of partnership. Veronica Beauchamp, a high school senior in Las Vegas, NV, is the winner of Miss Teen Endeavor 2017.Ž She is also a volunteer for the Honor Flight that takes WW2 and Korean veterans a few times a year to Washington D.C. at no cost to the participants. Sanford Epstein is a veteran of the Korean War with two Purple Hearts who was on one of The Honor Flights.Ž He and his wife supports local pancake breakfasts, which raise money to send more veterans on these flights. The veterans fly into the D.C. area and are transported by bus to many of the war memorials and the Pentagon. They are generally treated royally and with the respect they deserve for what they did to protect our country. Sanford Epstein 3860 Dazzler Court Las Vegas NV, 89147 702) 360-4554, m Epstein and Beauchamp Veronica Beauchamp and Sanford Epstein at an Honor Flight Fundraiser held at Applebees Restaurant in Boca Park Mall, Las Vegas NV


57 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 Survivors from the Apex camp who were stationed with Donald in Japan had no knowledge of Donald in the camp. Over 900 men and General Dean were taken POW in July, 1950. Perhaps his name was added due to his MIA date and location by the military. In reviewing his personal files the family began trying to find living veterans who may have known Donald. After attending veteran POW and then 24th Division reunions, they found Wayne Parson, who was with Donald on the road to Taejon on July 20, 1950. Wayne was a career Solider who served in WWII, Korea, and Vietnam. He retired as a Sergeant Major and died in 2004. Wayne told family members that Donald was lost in the battle of Taejon. In Donalds military files the family received from the DPMO they found that five sets of remains were recovered in the Taejon area in February 22, 1951, some seven months after the battle. One set of remains was identified and the four were buried in Tanggok, South Korea as unknowns. In 1954 they were disinterred and sent to the mortuary in Kokura, Japan. Remaining unidentified, they were sent to the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific for internment on February 3, 1956 as X-files, or Unknowns. Donald had been among this group of 850 Unknown men for the last 61 years in grave site 417. In 2010 files were declassified about the Punch Bowl x-files. John Zimmerlee has been instrumental with his exhaustive researching of these files at the National Archive. His research has made connections with the associated names and artifacts that are attached to these X-files. He has been supportive to Baers family members who have asked for disinterment of the X-files they believe to be Donald. John is missing his father, who was lost as a pilot in Korea. He is the Executive Director for the Korean War POW/MIA Network/ which serves more than 4,200 families of the missing. He made the family aware in 2015 of the 24th Division helmet inscribed with Donalds name found in the Taejon area where the four unidentified remains were recovered. The family requested disinterment of X-file 450 in 2015 and again in 2016 and received notification that X-file 453 (one of the four remains recovered in 1951) was disinterred on August 14, 2017 and positively identified as Donald Baer on August 24, 2017. Corporal Baer was awarded the Purple Heart, the Combat Infantrymans Badge, the Prisoner of War Medal (he was originally reported as a prisoner), the Korean Service Medal, the United Nations Service Medal, Army Good Conduct Metal, Presidential Unit Citation Ribbon and the National Defense Service Medal. The Republic of Korea has also awarded him its Presidential Unit Citation. And, in 2015, while sisters Joan Knautz and Janet Baril were in South Korea, Donald was awarded the Ambassador for Peace Metal. Donalds deceased family members include his parents, Elizabeth and Vernon Baer and his brothers and sisters, George Baer, Florence Fleischhacker, Rosemary Halbur, Raymond Baer, Clarence Baer, Dorothy Gay, Barbara Baer and Frank Baer. Still surviving are sisters Eleanor Ball, Joan Knautz, Janet Baril and Carol Preston. He had many nieces, nephews and cousins who did not have the opportunity to meet and correspond with Donald, but all are aware of the price he paid. Services to commemorate Donalds life [were] held at West Lawn Memorial Park Chapel at 1 p.m. on November 11, 2017ƒ .After 67 years, Donald now rests between his father, Vernon, and older brother, George. Donations will be accepted for a flag pole placed at West Lawn Memorial Park to fly his Memorial Flag. This was a special request by his sister Rosemary, who never gave up hope of bringing Donnie home. There are still 790 Korean War remains in Hawaii as Unknowns and families that have not submitted needed DNA to help with their identification. The DPAA now has the means to identify these remains by DNA and/or Radiograph comparison. Please write your congressmen to ask for disinterment of all these remains and have them identified. Also, visit John Zimmerlees research listing for these X-files at WWW.koreanwar Help us return all these men in USA possession to their families „they have remained as UNKNOWNS far too long!!! BAER from page 27 Accordion War: Korea 1951Life and Death in a Marine Rifle CompanyA personal narrative of combat by Charles DocŽ Hughes.Flags of Our Fathers came close but you nailed it.ŽMaxwell Baker FMF Corpsman, Vietnam/Korean War vet."Hughes. . is a gifted writer. . This book is hard to put down. The writing is terrific. . .Ž Leatherneck, Magazine of the Marines Available at Amazon & other on-line vendors. Learn More: Read reviews & responses & order autographed copies at


58 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Feedback/Return Fire This section of The Graybeards is designed to provide feedback„and generate more feedback. It gives readers the opportunity to respond to printed stories, letters, points of view, etc., without having to write long-winded replies. Feel free to respond to whatever you see in the magazine. As long as its tasteful and non-political, we will be happy to include it. If you want to submit ideas, c riticisms, etc. that you prefer not to see in print„ with your name attached to it„then we will honor that. Make sure to let us know, though. Mail your Return FireŽ to the Feedback EditorŽ at 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573-7141; E-mail it to:, or phone it in to (813) 614-1326. Whatever the medium you choose, we welcome your input. WOR Contribution update Many of the FeedbackŽ entries below are responses to my book, Atomic Cannons and Nuclear Weapons: a Mystery of the Korean War. I have learned a lot more about the subject since the book was released. I thank readers for adding to my knowledge„ and for purchasing the book. As you know, I donate $2 from the purchase price of every copy of my book ordered directly from me to the Korean War Veterans Memorial Wall of Remembrance fund. So far we have raised $140 (70 copies). If you would like to support the fund and order a book, send a check for $22 to Arthur G. Sharp, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573. The $22 includes a signed copy of the book, postage & handling, and $2 to the WOR fund. Return Fire from the Atomic CannonOne of the lessons I have learned as an historian is that research is never complete. There is always something new to learn about a subject, even after you think you have done most of your digging for information. That lesson, which my mentors at Trinity College in Hartford, CT beat into me so long ago, has been reinforced by the pleasant feedback to my book, Atomic Cannons and Nuclear Weapons: A Mystery of the Korean War. I have learned a lot more about the cannon in particular and the role of nuclear weapons in the Korean War in general as more and more readers respond to the book. I share these reactions, comments, etc. below in the hope that you too will learn more about the subjects, just as I have. No wonder I enjoy so much the privilege of being the editor of The Graybeards. Did these Chinese soldiers die from divine intervention?I have just finished reading a significant part of your fascinating, well-written book Atomic Cannons and Nuclear Weapons: A Mystery of the Korean War.Ž While reading your book I was suddenly reminded about a section in another book, called Beyond the Danger Close,Ž written by a friend of mine, Hub Gray, a lieutenant who, like me, was present at the Battle of Kapyong, where we were surrounded by the Chinese army for a couple days in April, 1951, and for which we received a U.S. Presidential Unit Citation for extraordinary heroism.Ž NOTE: According to, Beyond the Danger Close: The Korean Experience Revealed: 2nd Battalion Princess Patricias Canadian Light Infantry, Jan 1, 2003, by Hub Gray, is Out of Print„Limited Availability After the Battle of Kapyong Hub was assigned to a rifle company. In his book Hub describes a very strange and disturbing occurrence that took place when he went on a patrol with his platoon. He went to many U.S., British, and Canadian sources while researching his book, but was never able to obtain any information about these strange Chinese deaths. Could this event have something to with the use of atomic weapons in Korea, as described in your book? Mike Czuboka, Here is a condensed excerpt from pp. 186-88 of the book in which Hub Gray describes his experience that took place in May 1951: I bring the men to a halt and into a defensive formation. I examine the enemy through my binoculars. I can hardly believe what I see. The enemy does not move, the soldiers maintain an almost parade square formation, steadfastly in column of routeƒ After a cautious and tense 10-minute advance we come full upon the enemy formation, comprising two officers, three NCOs and 51 soldiers 56 in all. They are lined up in four ranks in column of route, a captain at their head and a lieutenant and sergeant to the rear. There are a number of features that I had never encountered before in my Korean experience and I cannot believe what lies in front of me. First these men are armed to the teeth. Never have I seen the enemy with so much weaponry and such generous allotments of a variety of ammunition. The officers have high-powered binoculars, much better than ours. There are burp guns, two medium machine guns, grenades and a light mortarƒSecond these troops are not dressed in the standard issue green Mao typeŽ uniforms. They are attired in a summer drill formal kaki dress and the tunics have dull brass buttonsƒThird they are all sitting on their haunches, torso bolt upright, uniformly at attention. It is as though they were seated in formation resting between photographic shoots. They are all dead. Stone dead. A concentrated examination does not reveal a point of penetration on even a single bodyƒ Where is our living enemy? And how the hell did these men die? What and who snuffed out their lives, and why are they positioned here, appearing like chessmen? One of my troops asks permission to accumulate souvenirs from the enemyƒThe soldier immediately makes for the officer


59 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 positioned at the head of the column on whose chest rests a pair of high magnification binoculars. The soldier gives a tug, the glasses hold fast to the body. Determined to liberate his prize he pulls harder. The glasses finally break free, but adhered to them are first the officers shirt, then his skin and then his ribs, leaving a gaping circular hole about 10 inches acrossƒ I move to inspect the body exhibiting the gaping chest hole. Inside is an empty shell, the innards have been totally consumed. No amount of training or months of warfare have prepared me or anyone for this bizarre horror. Although I had taken the ABC course (Atomic, Bacteriological and Chemical Warfare) at The School of Infantry, I cannot reconcile this situation. I first consider Nerve Gas, which kills in seconds, but that would have sent the men into convulsions. Had these men been drugged? It is a bizarre scene, totally unreal and its implications terribly disturbing. It is as though the assembled enemy may have been on their knees praying for forgiveness to an unseen, all knowing and all-powerful deity. They may have been pleading for their lives, but if so they pleaded in vain. Meanwhile the troops are abuzz informing everyone of the devastating sight they have just witnessed. The word quickly circulates D Company. Soldiers wonder if they will be next. How did these men die? What agent killed them? How would our men protect themselves from a similar attack? Is it even possible to defend oneself? The soldiers of D Company soon have variations of this incident flying in all direction s as only a body of troops canƒ. Forty-five years after witnessing this dreadful sight, I examined the Second Patricias War Diary, for May 1951 at the Museum of the Regiments in Calgary, where the PPCLI archives are held. Incredibly there was no mention of this incident. I could not believe it!Ž NOTE: Please share with The Graybeards editor any ideas, information, thoughts about the manner of death, etc. about this incident or anything similar. Was it just another mystery of the Korean War? Let us know.A single round dropped in a schoolyard?I was just reminded of another story about the Big Gun.Ž In 1960 the story was still making the rounds out at Camp Irwin, CA. It seems the Big GunŽ was sited out in the Death Valley area and fired a test round onto the firing range out there one Saturday morning. A lieutenant made a slight miscalculation and dropped a round into the schoolyard at Camp Irwin. (Why do all such stories always feature a lieutenant? Pearl Harbor, maybe?) It was a weekend, so there was no school, ergo nobody was present. Of course, there were no casualties, no witnesses, and no damage. Who knows? What date? Anyway, everybody heard of and knew about the single round fired into a schoolyard? Does anyone in our membership remember it? George Parks, geoleeparks@yahoo.comA different perspective on the Korean WarI finished reading Atomic Cannons and Nuclear Weapons: A Mystery of the Korean War.Ž It is more than I expected. It contained more about the Korean War than I realized. As I recall, there was always conversation in Korea about using the atomic bomb. But, of course, in my small world in Korea, it was always scuttlebutt. Thanks for your extensive research and taking the time to tell more of the Korean War. Bob Wickman, 720 Menlo Drive North, Keizer, OR 97303 503-390-2940, The atomic mysteryRe your book, Atomic Cannons and Nuclear Weapons: A Mystery of the Korean WarŽ: Just a few days ago, the Fox News channel had a documentary about the atomic mystery. The last time I attended a 45th Division reunion in Oklahoma City, in 2009, I was looking at a huge artillery piece in the yard of the 45th Museum labeled simply 280 MM special purpose and never used in battle. It was rumored that the design was capable of firing atomic shells.Ž I wish that it had been used at the Yalu River in November 1950 during the massive invasion of the Chinese CCF. That action prolonged the war until the cease fire of July 27, 1953, and resulted in the loss/missing of 43,000 U.S. troops, plus UN troops and a million civilians. I am sure that MacArthur would have put atomic weapons in action, but politics prevented their use. Now, we have seen the North Koreans and Kim Jung-un using nuclear testing and threats to the entire world. What a sad commentary! I very much enjoy the GraybeardsŽ and look forward to the next issue and the regular emails to and from all my Korean veteran friends. We all are getting to be a disappearing group. Wayne E. Pelkey, 12 Clover Lane Barre, VT 05641, WPPelkey@charter.netWhat does a captain know?Many thanks for your book. Im particularly engrossed as in late 52-mid53 I was Asst SGS at Hqs First Army at Governors Island, in NYCs harbor. My duty was to hand-carryŽ CG First Army to meetings of the Military Staff Committee of the UN. As you might expect, Korea was uppermost in the dialogue. I remember some back and forth about what to do to break the POW stalemate. But, dont recall ever hearing atomizing CCF forces. Of course, back then a Captain wasnt privy to some of the honcho meetings, though my guy was pretty open about some of his musing on our rides back to Governors Island. I only once heard him mention he wished so! Im only half way through your book, but Annelie and I both find it fascinating and well done. Congrats on it! Bill Weber, eagle187@hughes.netWas AnnieŽ as cold as the troops in Nevada?When they were testing Atomic Annie I was stationed in Catonsville, MD with 286th Operations Detachment assigned to the 17th AAA Group defending Baltimore and Washington.


60 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Some of our people went out to Nevada to see the atomic cannon fired, but it never happened when they were out there. But, I remember them bitching about how cold it got in the trenches out there in the desert and trying to sleep in a big tent with mess kits hanging on the tent poles. When the wind blew they clanged together. They did enjoy Joni James, who came down from Vegas to entertain the troops. Two weeks before it was my turn to go they stopped the program. Please send me a copy of the book. George Piggott, 3720 Root Ave N.E., Canton, Ohio 44705Another mystery about a (the?) cannonI have an uncle who served in Korea. Uncle Ted saw in one of his magazines an article about your book and he was very interested in reading it. Unfortunately, at the time is was not in book form. I understand that you may have a limited number of those books now. I would love to procure one and give it to my uncle. Hes always been curious about a specific incident that occurred just before the armistice was signed. Your book reignited that curiosity. He was stationed in the far south area of Korea doing drafting and engineering duty. At one point early one day a superior officer gave him a file labeled top secretŽ and ordered him to design a car to transport a very specific cannon. He did so, and before lunch the file was taken back and nothing else was ever discussed. He found it interesting, as he was not cleared for top secret information. Of course, he kept it that way until just recently, when he shared that story with me. I know that he would be excited to read what youve learned of this subject as well. Delia KarlingWhat I saw„or didnt seeƒGreat read!!! Even after reading each page„and several pages several times„I am even more convinced the sightingsidentification of said Atomic AnnieŽ is (are) more convoluted than ever. What I saw„or didnt see„and only because of what I did in fact see„was one humongous cannon in what appeared to be a flatbed truck. I never saw anything like it, before or since. I was told it was an atomic cannon. Hey, you dont know what you dont know. I was an artillery forward observer. I had heard about such a weapon, but had never seen one. It was not up close and personal, but I had a fair visual of this one. Now, I was somewhat aware of the 240mm cannon. My fire missions were with 105s and 155s in the Chorwon Valley (the Iron Triangle area). It is possible I may have had shells from 240s (or 280s) fly over. I dont know. I had called a zillionŽ fire missions, with as many sounds as shells that flew overhead. Did I see Atomic AnnieŽ or Atomic Ike?Ž Did I see a 240 or 280? Dont know. But I am sure I saw one or the other! By the way, I was happy to see my old outfit, the 1st FA Observation Bn., mentioned in one of your contributions. Arlen Pease is quoted. He served much later than me. Our battalion was spread across the DMZ, from coast to coast. I thoroughly enjoyed your presentation of what I did see„or did not see.Ž You did some fantastic research on a weapon that didnt exist in Korea.Ž But I saw it 240? 280? Atomic Annie?Ž Atomic Ike?Ž Who knows for sure? Walter J. Bracich, 8811 Northcote Ave., Munster, IN 46321 Two storiesWe got the 2018 Graybeards and I read your wonderful commentary on Page 9. It was very interesting and your analogies of Protests and PatriotismŽ rang a bell with me. 1) I had flashbacks of a short story back in the 1960s. I was downtown in New York City and saw a bunch of protestors (about 12 of them) who had a young Marine (he was in full dress) surrounded. They were taunting him and calling him baby killerŽ (reminiscent of the My Lai Vietnam massacre). I jumped into this mobs circle and gave the Marine some verbalization. Then, one big mouth protestor was coming towards me!Ž I rapidly put my hand into my pocket and made a gesture like I was getting ready to come for him. I was 3/4 of the way coming out of my pocket with a knife (like I was trying to hold it back). And the protestors yelled, Hes got a knife, hes got a knife!Ž They all backed up while, at the same time, I backed out with the Marine. So, everybody knows New Yorkers carry knives ... but, what they didnt know was that I had nothing in my pocket except my hand! I got him out of his fix and he went on his way (wherever that was)! Just another day for a New Yorker! Thought youd enjoy this little tidbit of yesteryear! 2) As far as reading your very interesting book is concerned, we are half way through it. Your description of the hydrogen bombs capability to instantly vaporize people reminded me of a story my wife told me. She worked for International Naval Architects, which built ships for the U.S. Navy, Roll-ons/Roll-offs,Ž etc. One Scottish consultant with whom she worked returned to New York City from Asia and told her a truly horrible story! He said he went to Nagasaki and Hiroshima and was having nightmares about the vaporized image of a person that was crystalized into the marble or stone of the last building that did not fall. She cannot remember which city this was in, but her boss was visibly shaken when he told her this story...more than once...which she did not need to hear! Looking forward to reading the rest of your book! Incidentally, we are still looking for a Constitutional U.S. Supreme Court (Pro Bono) attorney. Any ideas? Tom Crean (and Sue), chrysedawn@gmail.comYes, I would do it again I had been in Japan a year or so when the Korean War broke out. I was with the 35th Regt., 25th Inf. Div., G Co. We woke up on Sunday morning and were told a war had started in Korea. Most of us didnt know where Korea was. Two days later they told us we were going to Korea. We assembled our combat packs and caught a train to Sasebo. We were there a few days and then we loaded on an LST for Korea. We got off the LST and went up the east coast, where we moved around quite frequently over the span of a few weeks. We finally


61 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 wound up on the Nam River for 3 weeks in August 1950. I was wounded September 2, 1950 and evacuated to a MASH unit, where I remained for two days. Then I was shipped back to Japan, where my left arm was amputated above the elbow. I was also wounded in the right hip. I was sent from there to Walter Reed Army Hospital, where I stayed for one year. I was discharged in October 1951. Would I do it again? If the need ever arose, I would. Donald Carpenter, 25 Wood Rd. Taylorsville NC 28681; 828-635-8210Korean War drones from an aircraft carrier? Heres the rest of the story. Thanks to Tom Moore ( for his brief item in The Graybeards, Jan-Feb 2018, p. 71, about the first Guided MissilesŽ of the Korean War. It was news to me and I was intrigued, so I turned to Discover magazine and Wikipedia for further information. Discover offered this anecdote: During the Korean War, a life-or-death race took place between a U.S. Navy Hellcat fighter and a group of North Koreans on a railroad handcar. Apparently believing the plane was preparing to attack with its machine guns, the North Koreans frantically pumped the handcars arm as they headed for the safety of a railroad tunnel. They made it inside just before the aircraft crashed into the hillside near the tunnel entrance. The strange incident marked one of the Navys early experiments with suicide dronesŽ in 1952. They were older, obsolete aircraft„although the Hellcat was a celebrated, highly rated WWII fighter„outfitted with TV transmitters that allowed human pilots to see the cockpit perspective on a TV screen. That enabled the pilots to remotely guide a drone from the relative safety of a nearby mother planeŽ by using radio control. Each of the Hellcats was loaded with a 2,000-pound bomb, thus becoming the first military drones to enter combat after being launched from an aircraft carrier. When the drone hits the target the screen in the mother plane just goes blank,Ž a naval officer explained. Its a nice way to fight a war. Despite such optimistic statements, the Hellcats did not have a significant impact on the Korean War. Just one of six drones succeeded in striking a bridge that had been designated as its target, according to Cory Graffs book F6F Hellcat at War.Ž Wikipedia provided further details: On August 28, 1952, USS Boxer was in its fourth deployment to the Korean War zone and was on station with Guided Missile Unit 90. It embarked on a mission with six F6F-5K Hellcat drones. Each Hellcat carried a 1,000-pound bomb (a different weight from the Discover account) under the fuselage and a television and radio repeater pod-mounted on the wing. They were launched under radio control from Boxer. When approaching their target, however, radio control was passed off to accompanying Douglas AD-4N Skyraiders for their final bomb run. In all, six such missions were conducted between 28 August and 2 September against power plants, rail tunnels, and bridges in North Korea. With an operational success rate of less than 50 percent, the drone program was dropped.Ž This is another of several firstsŽ that are part of Korean War history. Others involve use of helicopters, medical care, jet vs jet air battles, first military action of the Cold War, first U.N.-initiated military action, and more. Byron Sims, 4616 S Park Manor Dr., Holladay, UT 84117, MedCo, 17th Inf., 7th Div., 1952-53, 4616sims@comcast.netYaakety YaakƒI really like your editorials, but this last one really grabbed me. You mentioned Yaak, Montana. I was curious on how you picked that, as I was stationed there in 1948. I worked for the Great Northern RR on a telegraph crew right out of high school and our outfit cars or work train was on that siding„and thats all it was„for a few weeks replacing telegraph poles and chopping brush. Yaak was about a mile north of Troy, which was a party town for us. The Kootenai River roared right below our location, and we got our drinking water from a stream that ran down the hill. The city of Troy got its water piped out from a lake inside the mountain. My buddy and I went all the way back into the tunnel that was just up from our siding to the big lake inside of the mountain following the pipeline. Boy, did you bring back a flood of memories. Thank you. Lou Horyza, 667 Escuela Pl. Milpitas, CA 95035, 408-263-8779, loupegh@aol.comMy responseLou: Thanks for the compliment. Bringing back memories is what The Graybeards does. When Betsy (my wife) was alive we used to visit the Apgar/West Glacier area regularly. On a couple occasions we drove up to Yaak, population circa 248, simply to see if such a place existed. It did. We always threatened to leave our kids there if they misbeDonald Carpenter A Hellcat awaiting its next mission


62 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards haved. It never worked. Every once in a while I get an urge to disappear for a while. I tell people if they are looking for me I will be in Yaak. I am betting it hasnt changed much since you and I were there. And, ironically, there is a place in the area called Yakt, which is merely a railroad siding. Art SharpA picture is worth 65 years The nearby photo was taken in 1947 at Onyang-Onchon. It is me and Cy Handler (L), who is now deceased. He was 18 at the time; I was 17. We were members of Co. D, 1st Bn., 17th Inf., 7th Division. Al Gould, (707) 806-2977, NOTE: Today Onyang oncheon Station is a railway station on Seoul Metropolitan Subway Line 1 and the Janghang Line in Onyang-dong, Asan, South Korea.Look what you started in The GraybeardsŽLast year we published a request from Dillon Prus regarding his great uncle, Bernard E. Beemon, who was KIA near the Chosin Reservoir. (See In Search of the Chosin,Ž p. 14, July-August 2017). KWVA member Bob Hall kept in touch with Dillon, a student at Clark University in Worcester, MA. (Reach him at Recently Dillon furnished this update: Bob, Sorry Ive been poor at responding recently. It is indeed finals season here at Clark. This year has absolutely flown by so quickly. While I cant give any guarantees about my grades, I think Im going to do okay. Ive been meaning to email you for some time now. As you may remember, last month my article that was published in The Graybeards appeared in Military Magazine. I sent them a copy of my article around Thanksgiving and they said they would publish it in the March edition. The edition got published, and sometime later I got a phone call from a veteran in which he said that he was at the Chosin with my great uncle. Crazy enough, this veteran lives in Worcester, literally 15 minutes away from Clark. I quickly set up a time to meet with him and we met that weekend. He was in the 32nd Infantry at the Chosin. Not only that, he said he was in five other major engagements, including Heartbreak Ridge and Porkchop Hill. His name is Frank, and he was the radio operator for Colonel Faith. He was there all the way until the very end of Faiths life, when the convoy of wounded men couldnt make it up the hill and Faith stayed with his men as the Chinese came and killed them. Also, Frank was present at Faiths side during the conversation with General Almond where the Chinese laundrymenŽ comment was said. Almond actually pointed to him and told Faith to give him a silver star. His story is incredible. Im going to try to get together with him one more time before I head back to Thailand for the summer. I want to get a lot of things on record. In reference to him being with my great uncle, he said that he met several engineers beforehand but was not on East Hill, so most likely didnt meet my uncle personally. He did remark passing several companies of Engineers though. He was very grateful for the work that they did building the bridges, and said that they truly could not have gotten out of there without those. Rdhall1925@yahoo.comThe Korean War did not end in 1953 As I hear the news that we have the presidents of North and South Korea talking about ending the war, we must remember that the Korean War never ended, so why do we present it with 1950-53? I think the 53 should not be there. It should be like the by-laws book of the VFW stated. We KDSM veterans are not recognized as Korea veterans, and I feel it is the responsibility of the KWVA to address this on the front cover and address and explain to all other veterans that put us down and question us. The Korea War NEVER attention to our national news and what they are saying about KOREA and give all Korea veterans who served and acknowledge of their service to the ROK. Lets not make the KWVA look bad. An American who served or is serving in Korea should get credit and stand tall on where he served. Lets make it happen. Give us justice...We can join the VFW; why not address this too, e.g., what the VFW stands for and why we can join. Thanks, and God Bless. Victor Zavala, Retired SFC, EDITORS NOTE: We do not place cover stories on the front page. It is reserved for photos relevant to Korean War aficionados. And, the KWVA and VFW are two different entities. Each has Cy Handler (L) and Al Gould at Onyang-Onchon


63 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 its own bylaws, missions, etc. The Graybeards is not the proper venue to address VFWs policies, practices, eligibility requirements, etc. or compare them to KWVAs. Finally, Korean War defense veterans receive ample credit in The Graybeards, which is evident with each issue. It is even more pronounced as more and more Korean War defense veterans are elected to leadership roles in the KWVA. We were not aloneThis may be useful as a reminder there was a lot of help in the Korean War. Korean War Participants Display Memorial Plaques Fourteen foreign nations sent ground forces to Korea. Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom composed British Commonwealth Forces. Belgium, Luxembourg, Colombia, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Netherlands, the Philippines and Thailand had battalion-sized units attached to U.S. Army divisions; Turkey deployed an infantry brigade. Each participating country received a memorial plaque. Combat forces South Korea… 590,911 United States… 302,483 United Kingdom… 14,198 Thailand… 6,326 Canada… 6,146 Turkey… 5,453 Australia… 17,000 Philippines… 1,468 New Zealand… 1,385 Ethiopia… 1,271 Greece… 1,263 France… 1,119 Colombia… 1,068 Belgium… 900 South Africa… 826 Netherlands… 819 Luxembourg… 44 Humanitarian aid (not counted in total above) Denmark India Italy Norway Sweden Byron Sims, 4616@comcast.netNo siree to Syngman RheeI served in the U.S. Army in South Korea from December 1958 to October 1960. I left Oakland on a troop ship, USS Gaffey, headed to Korea with stops at Pearl Harbor and Japan, with a drop-off of Marines at Okinawa. Everyone else got off at Inchon, South Korea. I was assigned to lCORP to the Commanding Generals motor pool. My daily duties were to drive sedans for the officers stationed with lCORP. We went as far north as the 38th parallel and south to Seoul, Korea. One trip to Seoul with an officer was too hard to forget. After I picked him up he said we needed to go to the Governors Palace in Seoul. I dropped him off and he said to pick him up at noon. I drove over to the courtyard by the university and parked to wait. As I sat there reading the Stars and Stripes, I noticed a commotion over by the university. Someone was pulling a dummy behind a vehicle which, at one point, looked like a human. I looked to my left and I saw a big cloud of smoke, then another cloud of smoke with fire. It was obvious to me that students were rioting. There was a tap on my window and someone who spoke good English said the rioters were burning all American vehicles and I should leave, or I would be next. I drove to the back of the Governors Palace and my officer came running out. He said, Get us back to ICORP as quick as you can. Do not stop for any road blocks or rioters. Drive through them if you have to.Ž Students had overrun the government and President Syngman Rhee was leaving the country. We made it back to base without incident, where we were on lock down for several days. There was a village, Uijeongbu, near ICORP, just south of the missile battalion. Ron Shamburg, 2740 Kenco Ave., Redding, CA 96002Correct chapter nameIn the March/April issue, p. 10, we included a list of chapters that have raised funds for the Wall of Remembrance, Ch. 3, Arizona, is listed simply as Ray Harvey. It should be COL RAY HARVEY (MOH). Feedback re Lawrence BriceRe The Marine Corps loss was the Armys Gain,Ž Jan/Feb 2018, p. 26ƒIn addition to Lawrence Smyth Brices friend who emailed me after the article, I got another call from a 3rd Division veteran who has been sharing a lot. Thanks again for publishing these articles. Its a pleasure to speak with all of these gentlemen. Robert Mackowiak, (a frequent contributor to The Graybeards)The National Guards loss was the Marines gain When I read in my January/February Graybeards magazine the story about Lt. Lawrence Brice, U.S. Army (The Marine Corps loss was the Armys gain,Ž p. 26), my Korean War veteran hero came to mind as a parallel story. That was the story of John Cunningham. He landed at Inchon, Korea as a member of the 1st 4.5 Rocket Battery, 1st Marine Division, attached to the 11th Marines. That weapon was pretty awesome for its day. We really put a hurt on the enemy who heard and felt our thunder. We had 6 launchers with 24 tubes each, so a full ripple delivered 144 rockets on target at once in twelve seconds. That was devastating. However, we had to get going quickly after firing, as speed was our only defense from counter artillery fire.


64 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Johns story is included below. But, his value as a veteran went far beyond his service as a rocketeer in the Korean War. He created a DVD titled The War in Korea 1950-53: 1st Marine Division FMF, 4.5.Inch Rocket Battery,Ž that will keep what all of us did in Korea alive forever and help assure that we will not be forgotten. The DVD, which will live on in the nations history and the Marine Corps tradition, is in the archives of every major Marine Corps installation and every Marine recruit training facility and museum in America. While attending a reunion in Washington D.C., John went to the Marine Corps archives and extrapolated 3 hours and 12 minutes of Korean War history relating to the 1st 4.5 rockets and 1st Marine combat operations in the war. Hollywood could not have done a better job, and it was produced entirely by the Marines who landed at Inchon and were there at the end of the fighting on July 27, 1953. (I was in 4.5 rockets for 12 months and 20 days before leaving on 7/26/53 to ASCOM City for my three-month extension.) When the Korean Association Republic of Korea representative presented me my Ambassador Peace Award, I gave her two copies of the DVD. The present day Koreans can see for themselves what it took to save their nation from being taken over by an enemy force. Korea has become a thriving nation and a growing economy for all to see. After watching the DVD, all Marines of yesterday, present day, and tomorrow will see what Once a Marine, Always a MarineŽ really stands for. (Sgt) Arthur M. Cheek, USMC Ret 1501 85th Ave. NO, St. Petersburg, FL 33703John Cunninghams story When I was 16 years old in high school, I joined the Oregon National Guard. (I fudged on my age by one year.) I learned all the basic stuff in the Guard, so after I graduated and was 17, I joined the Marine Corps. Because of my experience in the Guard, they made me a squad leader in boot camp. My first duty after boot camp was as a guard at the 11th Naval District brig in San Diego. They put all the big kids in the brig guard, and the smaller ones on the main gate. It was quite an education for a 17-year-old kid from Oregon to be a prison guard. The following year, when I was 18, I was getting tired of the assignment. So, along with a couple of my buddies, I put in a request to go to Armorers School in Quantico. It was a 6-month school that covered all infantry weapons, from the .45 pistol to a 75mm recoilless rifleƒall types of rifles, carbines, machine guns, bazookas, flamethrowers, mortars, and many others. There were so many I cant remember them all after all these years. After the school, I was sent to the 2nd Marine Division in Camp Lejeune. I was assigned to the 4.5Ž Rocket Battery in the 10th Marines as the battery armorer. In addition to maintaining all the battery weapons, except for the rocket launchers themselves, my job was the security of the battery while on fire missions. I made Corporal while I was still 18 and thought I was a big wheel. But nobody cared how old you were, as long as you could do your job. We played war on Onslow Beach there at Lejeune, and figured wed be doing that for a long time. But things change quickly. On Sunday, June 25, 1950, the day before my 19th birthday, I was the battery duty NCO. I heard on the radio that the North Koreans had invaded South Korea. Most of us werent sure where Korea was, but we soon found out. After the 1st Marine Brigade was formed in Camp Pendleton and sent to Korea, we got on troop trains and headed west. We landed in Japan, where we were hit by a typhoon while we were getting ready to go to Korea. We landed at Inchon with Chesty Pullers 1st Marines. Following the Inchon-Seoul operation, we were in North Korea until after the Chosin Operation. In the spring of 1951 we began operations against the Chinese. It was there I made Sergeant while I was still 19 years old. I just barely turned 20 when I was rotated home. I was assigned to a Marine detachment at a Naval Ordnance plant in Idaho for a year until I got out in 1952. I stayed out about 6 months and missed the Corps so much that I reenlisted and went to the 9th Marines in Camp Pendleton as a squad leader. I tried to go back to Korea. I couldnt get that, so I requested recruiting duty. I spent three years in Northern Minnesota on recruiting, which is where I met my wife and got married. After that I didnt want to go overseas, so I requested electronics school. I went to Navy ET School in Great Lakes, then to Marine radar school in San Diego. After two years as instructor in the school, I got assigned to the USS Boxer, a carrier that had been converted for helicopters. I finally got out in 1961 with 12 years of service. We settled in Richland, WA. Later I spent 9 years in the National Guard so I could get my 20 years in to retire, which I did in 1980 as a First Sergeant. I retired from my civilian job in 1993. It was in 1990 that I took over arranging reunions for the old 4.5 Rocket Marines from Korea, which I did for about twelve years. It was during that time that I created my DVD. End of story!Pusan was not ready for us I arrived in Pusan, South Korea in 1950 with the 7th Transportation Medium Port and returned home in March 1952. Pusan was also known as the Alamo. (During the Korean War, the 7th Group was redesignated as the 7th Medium Port and was responsible for all port operations in Pusan in support of UN Forces.) There wasnt any hospital in Pusan. The train station club cars were used as a hospital. They were very dirty. Many of the 7th Transportation Medium Port members were shot and injured and ended up in the club cars. Many were killed, became POWs, or went missing in action. One from the Transportation Medium Port is still missing in action from Ohio. My best buddy from Greenville, Texas, Morris Tantum, was killed hauling ammunition to the front line. John Cunningham in Korea


65 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 We were very short of weapons. The South Korean soldiers trained near Pier 1„and they lacked weapons and ammunition. On September 18, 1950 Al Jolson arrived in Pusan to entertain the troops in South Korea at his own expense. Afterward he returned to San Francisco and died of a heart attack. Finally, in October 1950, two hospital ships arrived in Korea. One arrived in Pusan and the other in Inchon. Robert C. Nehotte, 4846 Lyndale Ave S, Minneapolis, MN 55409, 612-823-8346 NOTE: Al Jolson was the first big nameŽ performer to entertain the troops in Korea. Before he reached Pusan he stopped in Japan to do a show for wounded soldiers there. And just before he left Pusan to return to San Francisco he raided the UN flag. Jolson died six days later. To see a clip of his trip, access watch?v=Cv-AZIS7GzEDigging in in KoreaThe use of the word trenchŽ can sometimes be confusing. When most people hear that word they think of the trenches of World War I fame„ deeply dug in (8 or more) fighting positions which even included command and living shelters dug into the back wall. The trench line of the Korean War was not like that. It was not a fighting position. It was a shallow trench (2 or 3 deep) which was used for communications purposes; thus its name, Commo trench.Ž It connected the fighting positions that were foxholes dug in a wee bit in front of the commo trench. An artillery shell exploding in a commo trench would not affect the fighting positions. In WWI it would have destroyed them. The foxholes in time were covered with logs, heavy branches, or the metal stakes that were used to support barbwire fence lines, on top of which were placed sandbags. Foxholes were extended forward in order to build in a spot where one guy could lie down and sleep. They were then called bunkers. The commo trench was intended to provide protection for small arms fire and mortar bursts. They were deep enough to lie down in and be below grade. The depth of the trench depended on whether it was under enemy observation. If it was, you dug it a bit deeper. The fighting during the Korean War in no way resembled the trench warfare fighting in France during WWI. It does, however, bear a remarkable resemblance to the mountain warfare fighting in Italy during WWII. Bob Love, 10 Stonehurst, Hazlet, NJ 07730Remember Etajima?Does anyone remember a stop-over en route to Korea at Etajima, Japan? Eta-Jima was the equivalent of the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, MD for Japanese naval officers. Robert Clayton Nehotte arrived in Pusan, Korea in 1950 at the age of 21 Al Jolson performing in Pusan An overview of the harbor in Pusan Pusan in 1950


66 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards We stopped there for CBR Defense Training (Chemical, Biological and Radiological Defense). We were sent through gas and chlorine gas chambers, where we learned to tell the different kinds of chemical gases with the use of litmus paper and washed down contaminated cannons while wearing specially treated clothing. We were also exposed to Uranium-235 twice during this training. After that we were sent to Kokura and took a ship to Pusan, Korea. Bill Mutart, 24701 Wood St. Clair Shores, MI 48080, Note: Etajima base (JMSDF Etajima Naval Base), in Etajima city, Hiroshima prefecture, is in the Etajima-cho government building and is the base of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. Besides housing the 1st Technical School and the Officer Candidates School, it is home to the local Kure Naval District, LCAC training facilities, and Self-Defense Force oil storage. In addition, the Special Forces of the Maritime Self Defense Force is here. Looking for info aboutƒAnyone a veteran of the 377th Transportation Truck Co., 69th Bn.? Charles C. Reine is looking for members of the above unit. (See the nearby letter.) You can reach him at marbridges36@outlook.comor 816-302-5599.1st Lt. Edward AldridgeI wonder if anyone could shed some light on Lt. Aldridge, who was KIA on July 16, 1950. Lt. Aldridge was from Mississippi, and was the other grandfather of my grandson Edward Aldridge IV. His son knows nothing because he was a baby at the time. The whole family was stationed in Japan when war broke out. The lieutenant was rushed into combat, and soon died. From what I heard, the only way his wife knew about it was from looking at the bulletin board. I have read enough about Task Force Smith to know it was disorganized, at best. I would like information so my grandson can know more about his grandfather when he grows up. I am just very happy that I was involved in the last months of that police actionŽ instead of those first terrible days. Richard Salmi, 239 Montclair Loop, Daphne, AL 36526 251-626-6314, rickidin@bellsouth.netRay BudzilekJeremy Feador is looking for information about his grandfather, Private First Class Ray Budzilek, of Cleveland, Ohio. He was paralyzed in the war and came home to become a wellknown polka musician,Ž Feador noted. In fact, in 1973 he was inducted into the International Polka Association Hall of Fame in Chicago. (Read about him at /2011/07/ray_budzilek_polka_ hall_of_fam.html) According to Feador, his grandfather was a Light Weapons Infantryman in 2d Div., 38th Regt, I Co. when he was injured at Chowon in December 1951. He underwent basic training at Fort Lewis in 1950. Contact Jeremy Feador, 3816 Higley Rd., Rocky River, OH 44116, 440-728-1112, with any information you might have.Info re James Bernard NoelI am writing on behalf of my father, Mr. Grover L. Ramsey, Sr., first cousin to a Korean War Veteran, POW/MIA, CPL James Bernard Noel, USA. His service number is 13166321, 23rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division. Charles C. Reines letter Ray Budzilek Ray Budzilek and buddy in snowy Korea


67 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 Bernard, as my father knew him, was from Amherst County, VA as a young boy, and Rockbridge County as a young man upon his enlistment. He was born in 1930 and died on 4 September 1950. He e nlisted in Buena Vista, VA and is buried at Green Hill Cemetery, Buena Vista, VA. We are attempting to dedicate a bridge in Amherst County, two miles from where he grew up. Bernard and my father were playmates, in an isolated area of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Ever since I was a young girl, my father spoke of Bernard. He has a couple of pictures; one of the two of them. My father told us what little he knew of Bernard; he died in the Korean War after he was captured while running communications lines. Apparently, the communists burned him at the stake. His remains were returned home to his grandmother, who raised him. Over time, his next of kin have passed. The only one remaining who remembers him is my father, who is 88 years old. (Bernard would have been 87.) Recently one of my sisters found a March 1951 letter to Bernards grandmother stating that his medals that she had requested had been sent: a Purple Heart and Bronze Star with Valor. My sister started a project to have the newly constructed bridge at Oronoco in Amherst County named in his memory. (We cross this bridge almost daily on our trips over the Blue Ridge Mountains into Buena Vista.) We have made excellent progress on this endeavor. We are doing this for our father, who loved Bernard. It is our wish to keep Bernards memory alive. My role was to check on medals for a shadow box to give to our father, and to reach out to archives or other sources for information. My husband is retired Navy and my son is active duty Navy, both sources to begin our search. We found Bernards information, and I have been successful with the medals for his shadow box. Bernard was 20 years old when he died. He was a handsome man. As was the case with many Korean War service members, he lost a life of promise. I think of him in the 1950s, leaving home for the first time, and traveling so far from home, halfway around the world, and I have many questions: € Where did he go for boot camp? € How did he travel to Korea? € Who were his buddies? € What were his impressions? € Did he think of home? € Who was with him when he was captured? € How did he die? I would appreciate any information about him. Ive visited his grave next to his grandparents several times. When the last child passed, their house was emptied, along with Bernards personal affects. Treasures were lost. Sad. Ive researched the Korean War. Now I have a much better appreciation and understanding of its cause, the importance of holding the Pusan Perimeter, why the service members being told to hold the Pusan Perimeter at all costs, and the landing at Inchon that turned the tide. It saddened me to read of the poor conditions, thirst, cold, lack of clean water that led to stomach ailments and even death, poor equipping of the soldiers with adequate weapons and munitions. It was so sad to ask these members to conduct a herculean effort without adequate provisions. Yet, they answered the call and performed admirably. The achievement to name the small bridge at Oronoco in memory of Bernard will help keep his memory alive and enhance our gratefulness for the service of every man and woman who served in the Korean War and made the ultimate sacrifice. It is surreal for remnants of Bernards family to engage in recreating his memory and honoring him at this time in our history, when attempts are being made to officially end the war after 65 years and three generations of North Korean dictators. I appreciate any information that can be provided. Its been such a long time, and we have just about exhausted all possibilities. We tried going to the personnel records repository in St. Louis, MO, only to find that, if any existed, they were destroyed in the fire. If there is anyone that has information or memory of Bernard, my family will be grateful to receive it. My father visited me in Washington, D.C. several years ago to visit Arlington National Cemetery and the Korean War Veterans Memorial. He was moved to tears and thoughts of a handsome young man off to fight for his country. My family wishes to place a shadow box with his medals and pictures in a place of honor in my fathers home so Bernard will be remembered and to understand the honor of naming the Oronoco Bridge after him. Thank you for building a wonderful website and maintaining it so beautifully. There is so much information. I only wish Bernard had survived. Your website and the discovery of Bernards sacrifice changed my perspective and appreciation for the Korean veterans and their sacrifice. Nancy Brown, 1329 Roberts Point, Virginia Beach, VA 23454,, 757-641-4306Paul Daniel StrohmeyerI am looking for information about HM3 Paul Daniel Strohmeyer, Ser. # 3041528, MIA, Korea 1953. He was born in Chicago, IL on November 23, 1932. Paul was a Navy Corpsman serving with the Marines somewhere in Korea early in the war when he went MIA while treating his wounded comrades. He was presumed dead on August 31, 1954. Paul was planning on entering the priesthood after he left the Navy. He had been the head altar boy at St. John Berchmans Church, Logan Park, Chicago, IL prior to enlisting. He was my friend, and just a good guy to have around you. I had a POW/MIA headstone placed in his honor at Camp Butler Military Cemetery in Springfield, IL. I have on my flagpole in La Porte, IN a plaque. There is another plaque on a pole near his old home at 2719 Northwestern Avenue in Chicago. I served in Korea from 1950-54, and then went to Okinawa until 1956.Paul never made it home. I did. Dick Wysocke, 1355 S 300 E, La Porte, IN 46350 219-324-6086, Ch. 25, Greater Chicago [IL]


68 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Welcome Aboard!New Members of the Korean War Veterans Asssociation ALABAMA R048474VICTOR WINCHCOMBE ARIZONA A048503PHILIP E. ARIOLA R048504JACK L. HENDRIX CALIFORNIA R048509PHILIP A. BARRETT A048517ALLENE S. BIASCA R048489ROBERT L. CHAPKIS R048516PHILLIP C. CONNER R048461ROCKNE K. GREEN LR48475ROBERT O. KENSLER A048476SANDRA J. KENSLER LR48490RICHARD O. KINDER LR48502SAMUEL L. WALDEN COLORADO R048473DONALD G. FOX DELAWARE R048514MICHAEL J. CARROLL FLORIDA A048477RICHARD E. FLOYD R048460JOHN T. LIVINGSTON LR48506ROBERT A. RODAMER GEORGIA LR48488GLEN R. BLAIR HAWAII LR48501HENRY T. TSUKASA ILLINOIS R048512DALE K. HARN LR48493JOSEPH R. KUNA INDIANA A048499MICHAEL S. DURHAM R048500DANIEL L. NEFF A048498ROGER R. POTRAFFKE KANSAS R048467WILLIAM D. HODGSON LOUISIANA A048510CARLOS E. LUGO MASSACHUSETTS R048463WILLIAM T. COBB LR48484MICHAEL C. DOYLE R048515WILLIAM J. MCKENNA LR48468ROBERT A. SVIRSKY MINNESOTA R048496LOWELL E. STEENBERG MISSISSIPPI R048472WILLIAM S. SHEFFIELD MISSOURI LR48464ROBERT L. COOPER R048479MORRIS L. GARDNER R048470GERALD G. JENNINGS R048481ROBERT S. ORESKOVIC R048469ORA F. PETERSON R048519DONALD W. RUZICKA SR. NEBRASKA R048486ROBERT C. ZABACK NEVADA R048455DONALD R. ALDRICH A048507PATTY B. KO A048508DIANE R. KULA A048459ELAINE A. PIENSCHKE R048471ANDREW H. SCHAFER NEW HAMPSHIRE LR48491RONALD LAI NEW JERSEY R048465EDWARD C. BANGS R048485JOSEPH P DILIBERTO SR. NEW MEXICO R048457ALVINO CONTRERAS LR48522KENNETH K. TRIPLETT NEW YORK R048482FRANK A. INCANTALUPO NORTH CAROLINA LR48511JAMES W. LANE JR. R048458CHRIS R. MURPHY OKLAHOMA A048494THEODORE J. JANOSLO OREGON R048520JAY R. DANIEL PENNSYLVANIA R048497JOHN L. STAUFFER RHODE ISLAND A048483MELISSA A. BOURIER A048521FRANK A. MIGLIORELLI R048480ANTHONY E. RODRIGUES TENNESSEE R048466ALFONSO B. ZAMORA TEXAS A048487LOUISE BRUNELLE A048495DANIEL B. KING R048505SAMUEL VELA WASHINGTON A048456DONALD P REIDEL LR48492RICHARD L. WOLF WEST VIRGINIA R048518GREG W. GOMPERS R048462JAMES M. LEE Rotation Blues No. 2 Written by A/2C Richard Hardesty, K-10, Chinhae, Korea in May 1953. Rotations coming, Im going away, Back to my home in ole Ioway. No more rice and no more beer, Cause morskosh, Im leaving here. Chorus: Sayonata, Im gonna go home, Sayonata, Im gonna stay. Sayonata, Im goin back home, Cause this my rotation day, going back to old U.S.A. Old Chinhae, my God how it smells, The land of the Aframes and honey-bucket wells. You cant breathe fresh, your lungs nearly die, So Im singing Chinhae, Korea goodbye. My josan speaks whas amatter with you, You dont look the same, youre turning so blue. This rice paddie stink is getting me, So, Im sailing, back over the sea. I was going to save money and buy a new car, But I spent all my money on R & R. Japan have-yes and car hava-no, Japan speak so des, which means that is so. No more saki, and Chinhae wine, Im going back to that country of mine. Goin back and Im leaving today, goin back to old U.S.A. Korea is cold, Korea is hot, Stay twelve months, like it or not. Its got toksan rain and flies never die, So, Im singing Korea goodbye. The A.P. Squadron, the squadron for you, Toksan Sergeants with nothing to do, We do our work and what do they say, Arent you ashamed to report for your pay? The movies were great, but Id seen them before, most of the time, we sat on the floor. Im going home where theyre showing 3D, No more encore movies for me. Sleeping bags when its cold, nets when its not Youve never seen so much rain in your life, So, Im going home to my wife. The chow wasnt good, in fact it was bad, Letters from home, made some guys sad. The lights were poor, but the parties were grand, And were all happy to be back in this land. As a footnote, I wasnt married, and I left Korea in December 1953, arriving in Seattle, Washington on December 24th. Richard Hardesty,


69 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 Official Membership Application Form The Korean War Veterans Association, Inc.P. O. Box 407, Charleston, IL 61920-0407 (Telephone: 217-345-4414)KWVA Regular Annual Dues = $25.00 Associate Membership = $16.00 MOH, Ex-POW, Gold Star Parent or Spouse & Honorary $0.00 Regular Life Membership: (May be paid in lump sum or 6 equal payments by check over a 12 month period.) Ages up to and through 35 years of age:..................$600 Ages 36 through 50 years of age:....... .............$450 Ages 51 through 65 years of age:............................$300 Ages 66 years of age and older:..... .................$150 Please Check One: New Member Renewal Member (#___________________) Please Check One Medal of Honor Regular Member Regular Life Member Associate Member Ex-POW Honorary Gold Star Parent Gold Star Spouse(Please Print)Last Name________________________First Name______________________Middle/Maiden Name__________________ Street________________________________City______________________________State______Zip____________ Apt. or Unit # (if Any) __________Phone: (________) __________________________Year of Birth: __________________ Email________________________________________Chapter Number/Name (if applicable) #____________________ All Regular members please provide the following information if applicable Unit(s) to which Assigned Branch of Service Division__________________Army Regiment__________________Air Force Battalion__________________Navy Company__________________Marines Other______________________Coast Guard I certify, under penalty of law, that the above information provided by me for the purposes as indicated, is true and correct. Ž [If you are applying for membership in a category other than Section 1, par A.1., of the Criteria for MembershipŽ listed below complete the Certification of Eligibility for KWVA MembershipŽ Form on page 2.]Applicant Signature: ____________________________________________________Date: ____________________________ Note: If this is a GIFT Membership … please sign here to certify, under penalty of law, that to the best of your knowledge, ALL of the information you have provided about the Applicant is true and correct. [Note: If applicable, you must also complete and sign the Eligibilit y Form on page 2.] Signature: ________________________________________________ Relationship to Applicant: ________________________ Make checks payable to: KWVA …Mail to: Korean War Veterans Association Inc.,P. O. Box 407, Charleston, IL 61920-0407 (Or you may pay by Credit Card)Credit Card #______________________________________VISA MASTER CARD (only) Expiration Date ________________________V-Code ____ Your Signature __________________________________________Adopted 10/27/2012 DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE Assigned Membership Number:__________________________________________ Dates of service: WithIN Korea were: (See criteria below) From________________To WithOUT Korea were: (See criteria below) From________________To__________________ Page 1of 2


70 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards CERTIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR KWVA MEMBERSHIPIn addition to completing the KWVA Membership Application Form on page 1, persons applying for, and qualifying for, membership under one of the categories listed below, are also required to fill in the appropriate blanks, and sign in the space provided below. Check Only One Catagory:Medal of Honor : I am a Medal of Honor recipient and the date on which it was awarded was: Month _____ Day ____ Year_____.Ex-POW : I was held as a Prisoner of War by the North Koreans, Chinese, or Russian forces at some time during the period June 25, 1950 to the present. From: Month ____ Day ____ Year ____ To: Month ____ Day ____ Year ____.Gold Star Parent : I am the parent of : Name [print]_______________________________, who was killed in action, missing in action or died as a Prisoner of War during the Korean War on: Month _____ Day ____ Year _____.Gold Star Spouse : I am the spouse of: Name [print] _________________________, who was killed in action, missing in action or died as a Prisoner of War on: Month _____ Day ____ Year _____.Associate : I have a legitimate interest in the affairs of the Korean War Veterans Association and agree to accept the terms and conditions set forth in its charter and bylaws. I do not qualify to be a Regular member.Honorary : I was elected as an Honorary Member of the KWVA by a vote of the Board of Directors on: Month _____ Day ____ Year _____. I certify, under penalty of law, that the above information provided by me for the purposes indicated is true and correct.Ž Applicant Signature: ________________________________________________Month ______Day________Year______ Page 2 of 2




72 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards A Portion of my life: Kentucky Windage My story begins in the hills of West Virginia, approximately thirty miles north of Elkins, in 1941. I was eight years old when my dad took the old single-shot, octagon barreled rifle from the corner and explained in his booming voice that today we are going to get a lesson on the safe handling of a rifle. He taught us how to always point the muzzle down and never be horsing around with a gun.Ž I soon learned to handle that old rifle with the bent front sight, from where it had been propped up in the corner of a room. I 1earned to aim about two inches to the right and the squirrel sitting in the fork of the tree that was destined for Moms old iron skillet. This was my introduction to the term Kentucky Windage.Ž Without a doubt I was hooked on hunting. I had three loves as a child: a good rifle, a good fishing rod and a good string instrument. As a young person I cared very little about sports. We 1ived on a small farm with all of the farm animals. When school was not in session, I would rush home, do my farm chores, grab the rifle, and head for the hills. I graduated from high school in 1950. Soon after graduation I went to work for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Grafton, WV. Needless to say, one of my first purchases with that coveted pay check was a new semi-automatic .22 caliber Winchester rifle. At last: no more Kentucky WindageŽ shots. I soon learned that I was able to hit a rabbit running with my new rifle. I wouldnt dare say with the first shot, however. It usually took four or five shots. Mom used a considerable amount of lard in her old iron skillet frying rabbit legs. In 1953 I received that all-important letter from Uncle Sam requesting that I get aboard a bus headed for Fairmont, WV, where I took that important step. Basic training would be at Camp Gordon, GA, where I was handed a rifle, which was certainly not the small lightweight .22 caliber rifle, but a much larger, heavier rifle. Many of my city friends grumbled continuously about the heavy rifle. It became our constant companion. Never once did I complain, because I was simply at home with my rifle. I will admit that on close examination of the rifle, I discovered that it had been handled so much by so many people it was somewhat in shabbyŽ condition. When we went to the rifle range, to my surprise, I could shoot without the use of Kentucky Windage.Ž Basic training was exciting for me because I was accustomed to the life style: night hikes, sleeping in pup tents, and digging a trench to lie in were all taken in stride. I was soon sent to Korea. I arrived there approximately six months after the war ended. I heard the rattle of machine gun fire frequently in No mans land,Ž technically the DMZ. After being there for about six months, I noticed an announcement on the bulletin board stating that they wanted to start a rifle team.This appeared to be just what I was interested in doing. However, I was skeptical as to whether I could qualify. Several people appeared at the designated area for tryouts. We were taken to a rifle range to exhibit our skills. At the end of the day twelve candidates were chosen. To my surprise I was one of them. Among those chosen were two with the rank of colonel, a major, two lieutenants, and a sergeant. The remaining team members were privates and privates first class. I was a private first class. Can you imagine this cocky kid, 21 years old, from the West Virginia hills, rubbing shoulders with this elite brass? All members were very nice. As a matter of fact, most soldiers were very good people. There were no wise guys or superior attitudes among them. Some said that it was because we all carried loaded weapons. We were introduced to our coach and team leader. He was a very fine gentleman who said that he had been promoted through the ranks. Captain Hawkins from Texas was our mentor and leader. We all loved and respected Captain Hawkins. In the next month we learned trigger squeeze, methods to combat flinching, control breathing as you fire, and sight lining with the target. Captain Hawkins arrived one morning and said he had a surprise for us. He had some soldiers carry two large wooden cases from a truck. When he broke the cases open, to our surprise they contained brand new M-1 rifles. He issued two to each member. I can safely say that we were excited. The captain said tomorrow, Saturday, we will meet behind our tents and remove the Cosmoline from our new rifles. The next morning we discovered four or five metal garbage cans with field heaters hanging in them. We were all aware that we were not going to butcher hogs as we did on the farm. By Willard P. Cleavenger Willard Cleavenger outside his Korean bunker


73 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 Our captain said to strip those rifles down and throw all metal parts into the boiling water. Some thought he had lost his mind. As usual, our good leader was correct. When we removed the parts from the boiling water, a light coat of oil was placed on them. What a sweet rifle! They shot exactly where we held them on the target. At last I had a rifle that didnt require Kentucky Windage.Ž We called our team The 17th Infantry Regimental Rifle Team of the Seventh Division.Ž We practiced five days a week. I took a case of ammunition to my point each morning. A detail handled our targets. On that team I saw no Maggies DrawersŽ (a red flag when you missed the entire target.) We learned to station ourselves behind the shooter with a BC scope and look for the white vapor trail caused by the bullet. We could call the shot that way. Many people in civilian life have accused me of slinging the bull when I tell them about this activity. We shot many matches the summer of 1954. I usually shot around 235 out of a possible 250. In basic training they told us that 212 was considered expert. We fired series of eight rounds of fire 100 yards at a 12-inch bulls eye, slow fire. After that series we moved to 300 yards, again at a 12-inch bulls eye. In that series we shot 10 rounds in the prone position, 10 rounds in a kneeling position, and 10 rounds in the sitting position. At this point we had to place two rounds in a clip. Then, the clip was ejected. We had to quickly grab a fresh clip of eight rounds, insert it in the rifle, and fire until the clip was ejected. All of this exercise had to be completed in 45 seconds. We then moved to 500 yards, with a 12-inch bulls eye, slow fire. I soon realized that this was very difficult if there was any type of crosswind. In the fall of 1954, a very important culminating match was scheduled. Several regiments from various divisions were present. I remember that the 1st and 3rd Marine Divisions had teams.They made a real impression on me.Most members were officers and older grizzled-looking sergeants. It was told that they flew members in from many parts of the world to shoot. I remembered eating a large slice of humble pie during that match. No question I was a proud 21-year-old kid from West Virginia strutting around those commissioned and non-commissioned officers. I made conversation with a Marine Master Sergeant with a huge handlebar mustache. I was bragging that I had shot 235, which was considerably above expert. When I finished bragging he calmly said he had fired 249 out of a possible 250. He said he missed a bulls eye at the 100-yard line, making a 4 instead of a 5. My jaw dropped and I gulped as I slowly walked away. In that match we did get third place. My pride returned when General Collins pinned a beautiful medal on my chest. I was also awarded an expert shooting medal from the Army and one from the Marines. After the match I went to a headquarters company and my title was Arms Specialist. It seemed more like Supply Sergeant. It appeared the army treated me like royalty after that. I never pulled any KP or guard duty after that period of time. The company clerk and I received a very nice bunker for our living quarters. It had been vacated by two Marine lieutenants. It was built with artillery shell boxes and about twenty sand bags surrounded it on the outside. There was plenty of room in the inside for two bunks and an oil heater. The bunker was about 500 yards northeast of Freedom Bridge. In the spring of 1955 I was called for the rifle team again. However, our company commander had dropped the hint that he was sending me back to the states for discharge. A position on the 17th Infantry Rifle Team was very enjoyable to me. To my surprise this was accomplished without using Kentucky Windage.Ž Army life was fun, mainly because of my childhood experience. I still have my medals in a small show case. I look at them frequently. The older I get the prouder I become of the medals and my military experience. EDITORS NOTE: Willard P. Cleavenger, formerly of Rawlings, MD, reported to the big shooting range in the sky on 9 June 2013. Part of Willard Cleavengers show case Our captain said to strip those rifles down and throw all metal parts into the boiling water. Some thought he had lost his mind. As usual, our good leader was correct. When we removed the parts from the boiling water, a light coat of oil was placed on them. What a sweet rifle! They shot exactly where we held them on the target. At last I had a rifle that didnt require Kentucky Windage.Ž


74 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards Winter in Japan was frigid, especially in Northern Honshu, where snow typically fell heavily and temperatures dropped to freezing. The training there was well worth it, Loren Krepp guessed, when he disembarked at Inchon and felt the biting cold of a dry Korean winter, where thermometers read fifteen below zero. He arrived with the first echelon of the 40th Division, slated to replace the tired regiments of the 24th Division on the MLR. Eight days later, on January 19th, his 160th Infantry replaced the 19th Infantry. Some of the men with low points stayed and were laterally transferred to the units of the 40th Division that replaced them. Others with around a year in combat left, shook hands, bid good luck, teased those who they felt guilty to leave, and looked forward to returning home or to Japan„or anywhere that was away from Korea. The trails of men vacating their posts wore uniforms that had faded to shades of sage, becoming thin in places from prolonged wear, snagged on barbed wire, and greasy on the cuffs and collars. Despite training for the better part of a year, the replacements dark olive clothing still had a sateen sheen and creases from garrison duty. Hardly any time passed from their transition when an order came from Division for the first patrol. The responsibility fell to A Company, and Sergeant Loren Knepps squad. With nervous excitement, they prepared their weapons and gear with great care. They were confident in the motions, having trained for months in every conceivable tactical movement. But, knowing they were on the verge of embarking into the fabled no-mans left the men fidgeting quietly with their kits. A sinking sun cast pale rays across the valley, stretching the remains of willowy trees into thin shadows. It was near 3 p.m. when Knepp and his squad began climbing the low ridge 1,200 yards from their bunkers on the other side of the valley. The only interruption on the trek was when the sniper, Pete Romas, had to retire from the mission after getting an awful cramp in his leg. He would try to work it out before the rest of the squad returned. Part way up the ridge the squad ducked simultaneously at the sound of a single rifle shot and were beyond startled when an enemy body tumbled down the steep slope toward them. Without time to process what had happened they were pinned down and shooting back at an enemy that had been lying in wait. The squad was engaged for a full thirty minutes by the time Loren gave the order to withdraw. Their ammunition was dwindling, the Chinese were not letting up, and it would be dark soon. Loren barked the order again over the racket of machine gun and small arms fire and turned his back to keep up shooting to cover their withdrawal until the squad reached safety. With some reluctance, they left their leader alone to fend off the band of Chinese while they navigated down the hard slope into the valley. One enemy soldier crept within ten yards of Knepps position and jumped up to fire at him, hitting him in the leg. Without any hesitation, Loren squeezed a burst off and killed him before feeling any pain from the bullet The 40th Divisions first casualty By Robert C. Mackowiak Loren Knepp (R) with two buddies, one of whom is Pete Ramos A/160, 40th Inf. Div., Camp Cooke, 1950, with white dot over Loren Knepps head


75 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 that had plunged into his right thigh. Limited to crawling around, he was vehement about not getting anyone else wounded or killed at his expense. When he saw a member of the patrol that had been cut off, he directed the others in order for the stranded soldier to find his way back to his buddies. Just as Loren was adamant about seeing his men get out unharmed, the aidman on the patrol, David Oliveria, stubbornly refused to leave his squad leader behind. Sergeant Bob OConnor blew through some of the last of his ammo as Oliveria ducked over to the squad leaders hiding spot. He quickly assessed his wound and, with great effort, half carried, half dragged, Loren down the ridge … the wounded sergeants six-foot frame and solid build not making the task any easier. Oliviera did this for 125 yards until they reached relative safety and regrouped with Pete Romas, who they learned had fired the shot that killed the first Chinese in the ambush party. The distance between him and the patrol voided his hollering, so he pulled the trigger. His cramp, it seemed, was a blessing, and the squad credited him with stopping the ambush before they had fallen into the trap. They recognized Sergeant Knepp for keeping them alive once the bullets started flying. In only one day„after only a few hours on the front lines„Loren was already leaving. After all those months of training he had not lasted through the first day. He might have been a bit embarrassed, but no one was disappointed. In fact, they were proud of their sergeant and happy they had made it alive back to their lines. It took 44 days in the hospital before Loren could return to A Company, where he found things much the same as he left them, though the men seemed more comfortable in their new homes. At the end of January he was promoted to Sergeant First Class. Upon returning to the company as a platoon sergeant he felt like he had acquired another new responsibility he was not quite prepared for, much like the first patrol he led. Loren became the subject of some attention during the month he was gone, and the company greeted him excitedly, referencing the articles they read about him in Stars and Stripes. Rumors circulated that he would be decorated with a Silver Star, but as the orders came down from Division, he was presented with the Bronze Star for Valor alongside Corporal Oliveria, who he felt deserved it much more for carrying him down that ridge, especially because he knew the medic was terrified and had mustered true courage. They both insisted that they were just doing the right thing and did not need the recognition. They were both wrong. Reach Robert C. Mackowiak at Sgt. Knepps uniform By Tom MooreOn 24 February1953, Major David Cleeland, of VMA-312 (Checkerboards), flying from the USS Bataan (CVL-29), on his 100th mission, had his F4U-4 Corsair hit by enemy antiaircraft flak near Haeju. Major Cleeland crash landed on the frozen Annyong Reservoir some ten miles north of Haeju. Under enemy fire, he abandoned his aircraft and made a dash for safety. Then out onto the reservoir ice came a North Korean cavalry troop, complete with horses, flashing sabers, and bugle calls. Down plummeted the USMC Checkerboard Corsair U-birds who had been flying cover for Major Cleeland. With their rockets and bombs breaking up the ice, the Corsair pilots put the Koreans into a surrealistic 20th-century replay of Pharaohs versus the Israelites. The Korean horses were slipping and falling across the reservoir ice. The horsemen were no match for the rockets and bombs of VMA-312. Those North Koreans not killed by the Marine fire were left swimming in the freezing reservoir water. A 581st AR&C H-19-A helicopter piloted by Cpt. Joe E. Barrett, USAF, of K-16-Seoul, landed under heavy enemy fire to pick up Major Cleeland. The helo was hit by several enemy bullets, including one into a fuel cell and one into the hand of crewman Airman Thornton. The H-19-A got airborne and returned Major Cleeland safely to UN lines. On 25 July 1966, a C-117-D of MABS-17 took off from Da Nang, Vietnam in bad weather. The aircraft, with 31 persons aboard, crashed on takeoff, killing seven and injuring the rest. The pilot, LtCol. David Cleeland, "Silver Star & D.F.C.-w-Gold Star" (1922-1966), was killed in the crash. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery-Sec.3-Site-2560-A. Reach Tom Moore at 239-495-9879 or The Vicissitudes of War


76 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards By Therese Park The annual Korean Armed Forces Day 2018 took place on March 13th at Riverfront Community Center, Leavenworth, KS. The Korean Army Liaison Officer to the U.S. Army Combined Arms Center in Fort Leavenworth, Lt. Colonel Kyung-hwan Jung, invited me for two reasons: to talk about my first impression of the war as a nine-year-old living in Pusan, where the first American troops landed on July 6, 1950, and to play on my cello the American songs we learned on AFKN (American Forces Korean Network)„the same songs we later sang to injured American soldiers in a U.S. military hospital. I graciously accepted the invitation since Im an endangered Korean species that lived through the Old War, and eager to share the gift of the music I treasured most of my adult life, including 30 years as a member of The Kansas City Symphony. About 150 U.S. Army officers and their well-dressed spouses attended the event, along with Korean officers and their wives and children wearing colorful traditional Korean dresses. The evening was memorable for all who attended. Where can you get such a hearty portion of history, personal stories of the soldiers of the Old War, music, and a glance at a warm friendship built upon trust and gratitude between the saviors and the saved? Fort Leavenworth is the oldest active U.S. Army post west of Washington, D.C., with 180 years of history, where all American generals who served in Korea, including Douglas MacArthur, Dwight Eisenhower, Walton Walker, Matthew Ridgway, and James Van Fleet, received their officer training at Command and General Staff College (CGSC) U.S. Army Combined Arms Center. Today, more than a thousand foreign student-officers from about 100 countries all over the world attend this college, to serve as the brains of the future military world. Guest speakers included such dignitaries as Lieutenant Colonel Lee, Kang-wook, the Deputy Defense attach, who attended as the representative of the Embassy of the Republic of Korea in the USA, Washington D.C., and Korean War veteran Tom Stevens, the president of the Korean War Veterans Association, who completed 27 bombing missions to North Korea as a U.S. Air Force tail gunner during the war. Consul General Lee, Jong-kook of South Korean embassy in Chicago spoke via the video screen, expressing his nations gratitude toward the U.S troops for granting South Koreas freedom and also reflected on the Old South Korea and the vibrant, modernized South Korea today. This was my second time attending the event. Three years earlier, at the same location, I talked about how we Korean kids lost our school building to the South Korean Army, which needed a space to shelter thousands of injured soldiers transported from the battlefield within days of the invasion. As a replacement, we accepted our mountain schoolŽ behind a Buddhist temple, where we shared the open space with cows, pigs, ducks and chickens fairly and equally. Then, I talked about watching the American airplanes flying north, always forming a letter VŽ as a symbol of Victory,Ž their wings glittering against bright sunlight in the expanse of blue, making us itchy to go to America. I talked about mini-Hershey Bars we received from American soldiers every time we bowed to them to show our gratitude for helping us, and concluded my talk by asking a dozen Korean War veterans in the audience to stand, and I delivered to each a giant-size Hershey Bar in the spirit of What goes around comes around.Ž This time I talked about seeing the first group of American troops coming into my hometown, soon after President Truman declared the U.S. support of South Korea on July 1st, 1950. Gods miracle,Ž I said. Our family of nine, including us seven children, aged between three and fifteen, were preparing to flee to Cheju Island, since the news of the war reached us on a peaceful Sunday morning in late June. We practiced carrying heavy backpacks containing a few-day-supply of food, clothes, and our treasures as we listened to our fathers solemn lessons on survival. He said that we should not look for him or mother if we get lost or were out of food because, he said, theyd have no way of finding us in the maddening crowd of refugees. Ask people where you can find food or shelter and go with them!Ž he said heartlessly. And dont sit and cry. No one will worry about you when bombs are dropping and communists are shooting from all directions. Youre on your own!Ž As I told them, And there you were, vetMemorable Korea Armed Forces Day 2 Members of the Kansas City Korean Language Institute Orchestra play at the Korean Armed Forces Day ceremony Tom Stevens addresses audience at Kansas City Armed Forces Day event


77 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 erans, coming into our town in a long line of military trucks, each truck flying a redwhite-blue flag on the hood. Thousands of school kids, including us the fourth graders, and a great number of adults, were waiting for this grand moment on the Main Street. Then, we saw you, in the churning dust. With our teachers initiation, we shouted, Victory U.S.A! Victory U.S.A! the first English slogan we learned earlier that day. Adults cried openly. Some of you, veterans, waved at us from the back of the trucks, smiling, and we shouted even louder, Victory U.S. A! Victory U.S.A! over and over.Ž I then talked about the AmericanŽ songs we learned from AFKN (American Forces Korea Network) radio station, such as My Old Kentucky Home,Ž Jenny With The Light Brown Hair,Ž Beautiful Dreamer,Ž Come back to Sorrento,Ž Danny Boy,Ž etc. Long before I knew about Washington, San Francisco, Chicago, I knew there is Kentucky in America,Ž I confessed. And I thought Sorrento was in America, not in Italy, and Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert were American composers because of the music I heard through AFKN.Ž I told them we later entertained injured Korean soldiers in our old school building with the songs we learned through AFKN, but we also entertained American soldiers at a U.S military hospital in the center of Pusan. I still remember the smell of alcohol permeating in the air as we sang those songs,Ž I said. It was a time I learned that the gaunt-looking American patients were only a year or two older than my oldest brother, who was almost sixteen years old by that time. But for you, we kids might have reminded your younger sisters of cousins youve left behind in America. It was the prelude to the U.S. and South Koreas long and trusting friendship that endured many decades and is still strong today. Back in those uncertain days, veterans,Ž I proclaimed, you were our super heroes who came to save us. But now, nearly seven decades later, you and I share the same identity as the U.S. senior citizens.Ž Raising my right arm and imitating the posture of the Statue of Liberty overlooking the Hudson River, I shouted God Bless America!Ž The evening concluded with the Korean officers and ladies presenting each veteran and his spouse with a black wool scarf with a logo of South Korean flag and Korean War VeteranŽ embroidered on and wrapping it around his/her neck. Reach Therese Park at tspark63@ 2018 Korean War veteran wears black scarf presented at Kansas City gathering Therese Park performs cello solo for Kansas City audience Korean officers award Ambassador for Peace Medal to unidentified Korean War veteran in Kansas City Korean entertainers at Kansas City Armed Forces Day tribute Audience listens to Consul General Lee, Jong-kook of South Korean embassy in Chicago


78 May June 2018 May June 2018 The Graybeards The Graybeards


79 The Graybeards The Graybeards May June 2018 May June 2018 Background The Korea Revisit program was begun by the Ministry of Patriots and Veterans Affairs (MPVA/Seoul) in 1975 for the 25th anniversary of the outbreak of the Korean War to express the Republic of Korea (ROKs) governments gratitude to Korean War veterans and their families also to show them the bountiful results of their sacrifices and devotion. MPVAs Eligibility Requirements Korean War Veterans who served in or supported ground, naval, or air operations in the Korean Theater between June 25, 1950 and October 15, 1954. Family members of deceased or disabled Veterans are eligible to participate in the "Korea Revisit Program." An eligible applicant is allowed to bring a family member or friend as a travel companion.Ž Korea Defense Veterans (1945 … Jun 24, 1950 and Oct 16, 1954 … present) are eligible to go when Korean War Veterans are not available. Expanded Eligibility 1. For the 65th anniversaries (2015-19) there will be more quotas available. In addition, those who have been on a Revisit prior to 2011 can apply to return again. (Call MHT for more details) 2. Widows and family members of deceased veterans or those unable to travel are also eligible for the Revisit as Veteran Representatives. 3. Korea Defense Veterans who served in Korea during these periods (1945 … Jun 24, 1950 and Oct 16, 1954 … present) are eligible to return on a space available basis TBD by the MPVA and the ROK criteria. Benefits & Schedule 1. Free hotel accommodations for the veteran their companion or veteran representatives, meals for 5 nights and 6 days in Seoul for 2 people. If you want to bring more people you may at your expense. 2. Accommodations are based on (2) persons per room, if you want a single hotel room you may at your own expense. All of the above items need to be requested in writing. 3. Tours of Seoul and its vicinity, banquet hosted by the MPVA and KVA with presentation of the Ambassador for PeaceŽ medal, tours of the DMZ, Pan-Mun-Jom, War Memorial Museum, and National Cemetery. Typical Korea Revisit Itierary Day 1: Fly to Korea. Day 2: Arrival day Incheon Airport, ROK check into Seoul Hotel. Day 3 Tribute Ceremony at the Korean National CemeteryŽ, visit to the Korean War Memorial. Day 4 Visit Panmunjom, DMZ, Joint Security Area, Camp Bonifas & wreath laying. Day 5 Ceremony for Korean War Veterans & Display/Show. Day 6 Visit tour of Korean Folk VillageŽ and shopping op-portunity. Banquet hosted by MPVA and KVA. Day 7 Depart Korea or begin post-tour extensions. Sundry Tour Requirements 1. The MPVA Revisit Program privileges are provided for scheduled groups only. 2. Participants are required to have a valid passport that does not expire until 6 months after return to the USA. 3. Neither MPVA Seoul nor MHT Virginia U.S.A is responsible for any loss of or damage to personal or other items; medical expenses, injuries or loss of life due to any accident of whatever nature during the Revisit tours. 4. Medical and Evacuation Insurance is required by MPVA for all veterans, companions or veteran representatives. Insurance costs are included in the admin service charge for Korea only. 5. Roundtrip transportation costs to Korea are not included and will be borne by each person who participates in the program. The participants must purchase roundtrip airfare, the ROK government will subsidize air costs (approximately 50% Veterans and 30% Companions.) The refunded airfare reimbursement will be calculated by the ROK after all the revisits. The reimbursement will be sent in a lump sum to be distributed by MHT for the entire years groups. 6. Applications will be received/accepted on a First-come, firstservedŽ basis. 7. Use of frequent flyer miles or other freeŽ transportation is allowed, but the administrative nonrefundable service fee of $450.00 per person is still required for the insurance, tour leaders and administration costs. 8. The initial $50 per person registration fee that is required for postage, printing, phone charges, file maintenance and personnel staffing to manage the Korea Revisit Programs is not refundable. The remainder of the nonrefundable Service Fee ($400) will not be charged until the participant has selected his Korea Revisit (KR) dates on the KR Preference Sheet that will be mailed in March-April as part of the KR Handbook. Death Notice of a Member of KWVA The following notice is submitted for publication: Name of deceased____________________________________________________ Date of death__________________Year of Birth__________________________ Member #______________________Chapter______________________________ Address____________________________________________________________ Army Navy Marine Corps Air Force Coast GuardPrimary Unit of service during Korean War______________________________________Submitted by________________________________________________________ Relationship to deceased______________________________________________ Send to: Membership, P.O. Box 407, Charleston, IL 61920-0407 All Chapter and/or Department news for publication in The Graybeards should be mailed to Art Sharp, Editor, 2473 New Haven Circle, Sun City Center, FL 33573 or emailed to: Visit the Korean War Veterans Association Website:WWW.KWVA.US


Address Service Requested NON-PROFIT ORG US POSTAGE PAID Jacksonville, FL PERMIT NO. 3Korean War Veterans Association, P.O. Box 407, Charleston, IL 61920John Jackson, Freddie Stevens, Monika Stoy, Ron Rosser (in foreground), David Nills, Choi, Dong Ho, Choi, Kwang Hyun, MGen Clyde Spence, Col Mose Lewis, Elder Paik, Won Kil, and Pastor Kang, Sae hoon of local Korean church (L-R) share memories at seminar. Jackson and Stevens are 3d Inf. Div. Korean War veterans. Choi, Dong Ho and Choi, Kwang Hyun, both 89 years old, fought with the ROK Army during the Korean War. (Story on page 48)