http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 1 A joint publication for U.S. Artillery professionals July August 2018 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Headquarters, Department of the Army. PB 644-18-4
Editor Marie Berberea Art Director Rick Paape, Jr. Assistant Editor Monica Wood Disclaimer Purpose 3 Rocket artillery and its place in decisive action By Capt. Clint Custer 7 Learning to speak maneuver By Capt. Joshua Urness 10 Fires supporting maneuver The need for an update By 1st Lt. David Brister 12 The 2017 Knox, Hamilton and Gruber Awards By Capt. Kyle Robert East 18 Head, heart, gut By Lt. Col. Seth Hall 21 E-62nd THAAD and Patriot interop success 22 Brigade deep battle 2.0 By Capt. Joseph Schmid 25 US air defense artillery foreign advising By Maj. Christopher Garnett 32 Preparing air missile defense, joint force against near-peer threat By Maj Bryan A. Card 36 Artillerys role in sea-based expeditionary Fires 38 Big sky, little bullet 42 Rethinking risk, airspace for decisive action By Lt. Col. Dave Pasquale 48 Going the extra 1,000 miles By Maj. Rich Farnell and Capt. Brennan Deveraux 52 In the next issue of Fires Table of contents
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 3 Rocket artillery and its place in decisive action By Capt. Clint Custer
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 7 Learning to speak maneuver
Fires supporting maneuver The need for an update
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 11 References
The 2017 Knox, Hamilton and Gruber Awards
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 13 FIELD ARTILLERY HENRY A. KNOX AWARD
FIELD ARTILLERY ALEXANDER HAMILTON AWARD
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 15 FIELD ARTI LLERY EDMUND L. GRUBER AWARD
Reconnaissance assets, like artillery assets, are never kept in reserve. When committed, reconnaissance assets use all of their resources to accom plish the mission. Chapter 1: Reconnais sance Field Manual 3-90-2 Resurrecting the light cavalrys
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 17 Fires nets. reconnaissance.
Head, heart, gut
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 19 Ethics involves not only our thinking, but also our feeling. 2 4
to be reached. 5 standard. References bilities change from the company-grade or her ethical decision-making mechanism.
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 21 E-62nd THAAD and Patriot interop success
act). 2 4 coordinator. 5 Brigade deep battle 2.0
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 23 8
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 25 Immature maintenance systems Lack of SME-E PME Not sharing lessons learned Not sharing BPs HN has no exercise model Experience USG/USC not working within the HN System Sustainment Culture Immature logistics Lack of standard training managment Heavily centralized C2 Overreliance on advisors Incomplete doctrine Immature IAMD INTEL Safety No IAMD Vision OPSEC No joint vision Procurement Dening success Threat INTEL Tactical sites Inexperienced Senior Leaders Conscription Regional Inuence TrainAdviseAssist Inform & InuenceWorking themes Get them to see themselves Work within the HN system Keep it simple Stay on message Patience: capabilities take time to mature ies. US air defense artillery foreign advising
in it. 2. 4. 5. 8. trine, doctrine, doctrine. support).
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 27 8:00 9:40 10:80 12:20 13:60 15:00 X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 Tactical Acquisition 10-60 seconds Within 10 seconds if round height is corrected by digital maps, 20 seconds if height is corrected manually, and 60 seconds if height is corrected by voice). Common Variables Weapon System (Light vs Heavy) Terrain (Mountainous vs Flat) Coordinating Altitude Fire Support Coordination Measures Asset Availability Clearance of Fires Desired effects Weather effects Pattern Analysis AI vs CAS allocation Unit Proficiency Drop Card vs Digital (CTC only) Field Artillery Battalion BN FDC: 35 seconds BTRY/PLT processing time: 45 seconds (Analog) 35 seconds (Digital) Time at the Guns: 30 seconds (M119A3) 45 seconds (M109A6) 1 minute (M777A2) *Ref TC 3-09.8 NOV 16 *Ref TC 3-09.8 NOV 16 Enemy Variables OPFOR displacement times 2S12: 3 mins 2S9-1: 1 min 2S23: 1 min D-20: 2.5 min D-30: 3.5 min 2S19M1: 1-2 min G6: 1 min BM-21: 2 min 9P140 Uragan: 3 min 9A52-2 Smerch: 3 min Target Acquisition + FA Battalion + Common Variables = Unit Reactive Counterfire time 10-60 seconds + 100-140 seconds + Common Variables = (110-200)+X seconds (Enemy Variables + Common Variables ) Unit Reactive Counterfire time = Success (+) or Failure (-) *All three CTCs have confirmed there is not a clear doctrinal explanation of what reactive counterfire time standard should be. *Ref WEGVolume I Dec 2015
standards Field Artillery BattalionBattalion re direction center: 35 seconds Battery/platoon processing times: 45 seconds (analog) 35 seconds (digital) Time at guns: 30 seconds (M119A3) 45 seconds (M109A6) 1 minute (M777A2) Ref. TC 3-09.8 Nov. 2016
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 29 shooter. 1. 2. airspace coordination 3. 4. 5. Common Variables Weapon system (light vs heavy) Terrain (mountain vs at) Coordinating altitude Fire support coordination measures Asset availability Clearance of Fires Desired eects Weather eects Pattern analysis AI vs CAS allocation Unit prociency Drop card vs digital (CTC only) Number of tubes Firing time 54 rounds Average displacement time Adversary window 5 4
6. 7. support
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 31 8. Enemy VariablesOPFOR displacement times 2S12: 3 min. 2S9-1: 1 min. 2S23: 1 min. D-20: 2.5 min. D-30: 3.5 min. 2S19M1: 1-2 min. G6: 1 min. BM-21: 2 min. 9P140 Uragan: 3 min. 9A52-2 Smerch: 3 min.
Preparing air missile defense, joint force against near-peer threat
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 33 2 4 5 incorporate joint TTPs. Joint training opportunities 8
For instance, at bat scenarios in order to prepare and train
Artillerys role in sea-based expeditionary Fires
corridors. Big sky, little bullet
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 39 2 Fires. 4 5 CFL (38ID) 08 0600 Z JAN 14 FSCL JTF 3 08 0600 Z JAN 14 X X 82 Low Collision Airspace Zone (Outside BCT AO and Above CA)Medium Collision Airspace Zone (Inside BCT AO and Below CA) High Collision Airspace Zone (SSM ROZ)
Firing StatusDetailsAirspace Collision Zone Green Fire Firing Status: Procedurally clear airspace; notify all airspace users on common net and fire immediately unless someone calls check fire Airspace: Permissive for Surface Fires; Restrictive for Aircraft High Collision Airspace Zone Amber Fire Firing Status: Procedurally clear airspace; notify all airspace users on common net and fire 1 minute after notification unless someone calls check fire Airspace: Balanced Medium Collision Airspace Zone Red Fire Firing Status: Additional Airspace clearance required; notify all airspace users on common net and fire only when given clearance of air by appropriate airspace control element Airspace: Permissive for Aircraft; Restrictive for Surface FiresLow Collision Airspace Zone
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 41 on current joint Fires and airspace doctrine.
nicate the associated airspace user risk to process approach. 2 We must be more support approach. We must architecture that enables Maneuver commanders to bring all elements of combat power to bear simultaneously at the time and place of their Techniques that may have been operations, such as establishing blanket low-level coordinating altitudes, result in unnecessary clearance of indirect Fires when applied in a decisive action training environment. -From the Commandants desk 2017 Year in Review, Looking Back at 2017 & Looking Forward to 2018, Redleg Update November/December 2017 Airspace control includes the capabilities and procedures used to increase operational of airspace. -Joint Publication 3-52, Joint Airspace Control Rethinking risk, airspace for decisive action
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 43 airspace users. 4 Current trends route. AFATDS 126.96.36.199 gives the commander the ability to incorporate several JADOCS target managers (e.g. Joint Time Sensitive Target manager, Fires manager, Inter-AOC Manager). It will also give the commander the capability of conducting a Fire Support Planning Course of Action (COA) Analysis with his assigned shooters. The FS COA displays tube strength, munitions required for mission success and system, by type, will allow a by-type, by target of when each tube will be engaging each target displayed on the scheduling worksheet. This has improved connection capabilities, namely the Link16 protocol. It allows AFATDS to connect to any devise/platform/ sensor that uses the JREAP messaging service. These items include the airspace defense system integrator (ADSI), JWACS, JSTAR, Sentinel Radar system as well as organic FF radar systems (Q-53 and Q-50). The units as well as FF radars can be managed for movement from the AFATDS for movement and range fan manipulation. Connections to Core Systems (TBMCS), ADSI, Air and Missile Defense Workstations (AMDWS), Airspace information service (ASIS) are now capable. -Redleg Update, September/October 2016, Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System gets dramatic upgrade 5
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 45 The scenar Our Fires force must enable all of airspace to synchronize, To do so, we must design coordinate airspace integration between ground Fires and air operations are minimized. -From the Commandants desk 2017 Year in Review, Looking Back at 2017 & Looking Forward to 2018, Redleg Update November/December 2017
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 47 8 and
operations. Going the extra 1,000 miles
http://sill-www.army.mil/firesbulletin 51 2018 FIRES CON Program 8.5x11_COA2.indd 15 4/18/18 10:21 AM
In the next issue of Fires September-October 2018, Competitive convergence.