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Warrior Citizen

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Warrior Citizen
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Fort Bragg, NC
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U.S. Army Reserve Command
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English

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United States -- Army -- Periodicals
United States -- Army -- Reserves -- Periodicals
Military art and science -- Periodicals
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serial ( sobekcm )

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University of Florida
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University of Florida
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This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.

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rf READY FORCE X Training to be more agile, more lethal, some Army Reserve units have been chosen to ght fast in this world of ever-evolving threats 2017 brought wild res, hurricanes and severe ooding, and the unprecedented relief efforts of Americas Army Reserve SPECIAL FOCUS A YEAR IN RESPONSE TO DISASTER rf

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r fn rtb t SHARE YOUR STORIES. KEEP IN TOUCH. 90,000 10,000 890,000 250,000

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A re you ready? Is your unit ready? How about your family, your employer and your nances? As we build the most capable, combat-ready and lethal federal reserve force in the history of the nation, it is paramount that Soldiers are fully prepared to respond to evolving threats, mobilize and deploy on compressed timelines and provide critical early-entry and set-the-theater capabilities. Welcome to Ready Force X Ready Force X units represent a wide spectrum of Army Reserve capabilities. This special focus issue, starting with From the Top, page 4, highlights what RFX means to the Army Reserve, and how these units are training to maintain higher levels of peacetime readiness to offset risk to the nation in the event of war. Not only is todays Army Reserve prepared to meet emerging threats as they arise across the globe, Warrior Citizens also stand ready to respond in the homeland to help those in need. Beginning on page 22, read about those affected by Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria lost access to water, power and available food sourcesand the unprecedented response provided by Americas Army Reserve. The Road to Awesome isnt always easy to navigate. Page 42 highlights resources and opportunities to keep you on the right path. On page 38, Army Reserve Engineers train to blow the doors off as they familiarize themselves with a new door-breaching weapon system. Master Sgt. Michel Saurets story, Training Locally to Deploy Globally on page 40 shows how two units, working together, can effectively complete a training objective and enhance their collective readiness. Whether as part of the operational force, operational depth or strategic depth forces, the Army Reserve must be capable of mobilizing rapidly and deploying with the mobility, survivability, connectivity and lethality needed to win on the battleeld. As we continue to ruck down the road to awesome, its important to learn from our shared experiences, and theres no better place to do so than Warrior Citizen Contact us at usarmy.usarc.ocar.mbx.warrior-citizen@mail.mil. Melissa Russell Editor-in-Chief rttrt rn r fn trb editors note I want to be sure we're all clear on this; we are going to get this [Ready Force X] done. This is about leadership in the third component of the United States Army. We are going to generate for the American people what they expect us to generate. If you think you've got months or years to get ready in a very time-tested, lethal environment, youre in the wrong ball club. LT. GEN. CHARLES D. LUCKEY, CHIEF OF ARMY RESERVE AND COMMANDING GENERAL, U.S. ARMY RESERVE COMMAND

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ntb r rf W ARRI O R CITI Z EN 14 GETTING BACK TO THE BASICS Military Occupational Specialties are invaluable, but shoot, move and communicate. 18 MPS TRAIN TO ADAPT AND OVERCOME Under various forms of attack chemical, complex attacks and indirect MPs train how to change mission from securing enemy prisoners of war to taking care of displaced civilians. 20 COLD STEEL II Larger and more ambitious than OCS I, Operation Cold Steel II has been expanded to include collective with Combat Support Training Exercises to provide trained gun 12 TRAINING FOR AN AUSTERE BATTLEFIELD As we move away from the Forward Operating Base concept, units have to be agile and move quickly to survive. SPECIAL FOCUS 10 Challenging real-world training like Combat Support Training Exercise (CSTX) 86-17-02 and Operation Cold Steel ensure these units are ready to meet the needs of the U.S. Army and our nation.

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in this issue n nfn nn nfn nn n n people f trained + ready nnn n n road to awesome nf fn nff n nnfnnnnf 26 IN THE AFTERMATH OF HARVEY 24 IMMEDIATE RESPONSE HELPS SAVE LIVES 25 AVIATORS TRANSPORT A GIFT OF WATER 30 PURIFYING WATER FOR PUERTO RICAN COMMUNITIES 28 RELIEF AFTER IRMA 32 NOTHING SHORT OF AWESOME 29 FUELING HOSPITALS IN PUERTO RICO 34 DELTA COMPANYS PRIME POWER ON THE COVER Sgt. Ian Rivera-Aponte, a sniper and infantryman with the 100th Infantry Battalion, Honolulu, Hawaii, poses during a photo shoot for Army Reserve recruiting. PHOTO BY MASTER SGT. MICHEL SAURET, 200TH MILITARY POLICE COMMAND ntb 22 Harvey. Irma. Maria. 2017 was a year that brought forth an unprecedented number of natural disasters. Strategically positioned and ready to respond to any location, regardless of where home based, Americas Army Reserve was called upon more than ever to help communities return to a state of normalcy. U.S. ARMY NATIONAL GUARD PHOTO BY SGT. 1ST CLASS MALCOLM MCCLENDON

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THE ARMY RESERVE PROVIDES COMBAT-READY units and highly-skilled individual Soldiers to the Army in order to generate the decisive combat power required to win the nations wars. We will continue to recruit and retain our team where they live and work and remain exible, agile, innovative and attuned to the velocity of change in our time. In addition, we will continue to use our unmatched scope, connectivity, agility and ability to leverage the talent of the private sector for the good of the Nation. In todays full-spectrum environment, Americas armed forces must be prepared to respond quickly to high-end threats, conduct sustained counterter rorism operations and deter aggression in multiple regions of the world while simultaneously defending the homeland. As the character of warfare becomes more complex, reserve forces that can survive and win on the battleeld are essential to the Armys success in winning future wars. Americas Army Reserve is ensuring its ethos and culture are highlyfocused and able to deliver capable, combat-ready and lethal units and Soldiers. Readiness is the number one priority, and fullspectrum threats demand full-spectrum readiness. In addition to sustaining counter-insurgency and counterterrorism capabilities, the Army Reserve is continuing to develop a force that is ready to respond to evolving threats from multiple sources, including the possibility of large-scale, near-simultaneous contingencies from peer or near-peer competitors in multiple theaters. Such threats, if realized, would require full or partial mobilization, to include the Army Reserve, which provides the technical enablers crucial to opening, sustaining, and synchronizing major operations. Readiness begins at the Soldier level, which is the foundation for collective readiness and the combat capability required to win the Nations wars. It relies on energetic leadership and execution, the ultimate force multiplier, and depends upon both the families who support and sustain our Soldiers and the employers who enable them to serve the Army and the Nation. READY FORCE X In an emerging environment, in which rapid mobili zation of lead formations is crucial to deploying and sustaining combat power, the Army Reserve is ensuring a signicant portion of the team is able to move fastin some cases, days or weeksto complement and augment the active component ntb fn from the top Americas Army Reserve has always met the challenges of the time. In the past year we have covered much ground we are posturing this team to be able to move fast, engage quickly and win decisively combined with energetic leadership, is changing the culture of the Army Reserve, creating and sustaining the most capable, combat-ready, and lethal federal reserve force in the nations history. PHOTO BY SGT. AARON ELLERMAN, 143D SUSTAINMENT COMMAND (EXPEDITIONARY) The Power of Ready Force X At top: Soldiers assigned to the Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 332nd Transportation Battalion, board a U.S. Air Force C-17 Globemaster III cargo plane for an aerial redeployment training mission Sept. 27, 2017, at MacDill Air Force Base, Fla. Far right: Soldiers from the 339th Military Police Company (Combat Support), headquartered in Davenport, Iowa, help evacuate an "injured" Soldier during a route reconnaissance mission at a Warrior Exercise (WAREX) held June 20, 2017, at Fort Hunter Liggett, Calif.

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with critical capabilities. To achieve the required level of readiness in shorter periods of time, the Army Reserve is conducting real-world training, including crew-served weapons qualication pre-mob; manning Ready Force X units through innovative policies and incentives; and prioritizing RFX units for equipment upgrades, closing interoperability gaps in areas such as battleeld communications and mission command systems. These RFX units, comprised of hundreds of units and thousands of Soldiers, will have the mobility, survivability, connectivity, and lethality needed to win on the battleeld. Quickly generating and deploying RFX units will require additional training days, capable equipment, and improved command and control structure, to ensure they are ready to deploy rapidly without extended post mobilization train-up. Challenging real-world training, like the featured Combat Support Training Exercise 86-17-02 and Operation Cold Steel II, featured in this issue, will ensure units and Soldiers are trained and ready to bring combat-ready and lethal repower on short notice in support of the Army and Joint Force partners around the world. As we build the most capable, combat-ready and lethal federal reserve force in the history of the nation, Ready Force X underscores the Army Reserves commitment to meeting emerging and enduring threats across the globe. ntb The Power of Ready Force X Left: Sgt. Daniel Patrick, left, and Spc. Aaron Elliot, both with the 979th Mobility Augmentation Company, based in Lexington, Ky., emplace a Bangalore torpedo during the company's training at Wilcox Range on Fort Knox, Ky., March 30, 2017. PHOTO BY SGT. 1ST CLASS CLINTON WOOD, 412TH THEATER ENGINEER COMMAND PHOTO BY MASTER SGT. MICHEL SAURET, 200TH MILITARY POLICE COMMAND

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AS THE ARMY RESERVE ORGANIZES AND prepares to generate the signicant surge capacity required by combatant commanders to ght and win the nations wars, all RFX units will train in accordance with Army standards, conducting crew-served and platform qualications in order to meet readiness objectives. The rst RFX-focused exercise of its kind was Cold Steel. Conducted in 2017, it was the largest live re exercise in Army Reserve history. Cold Steel trained and certied more than 400 crews over a seven-week period on weapons systems including the M2, M19, and M240B. An estimated 1,800 Soldiers qualied to Objective T standards at this large-scale live-re training and crew-served weapons qualication and validation exercise. Lt .Gen. Luckey continues to drive commanders and leaders to be more aggressive and innovative in their training and readiness efforts, preparing Soldiers ght and win in an evolving and lethal environment, said Col. Shawn Reed, the Army Reserve director of training. Our Combat Support Training Exercise model provides our units with complex threat scenarios in Live, Virtual and Constructive venues, creating tough and realistic multi-component training opportunities and challenging Soldiers, leaders and commanders. ntb from the top SPECIALIZED CAPABILITIES The Army Reserve is structured with theater-level commands and specialized capabilities that are vital to defeating a near peer, high-end competitor, including some not present elsewhere in the Joint Force. These include: Sustainment capabilities that are needed for major combat operations, but too expensive to keep on active duty when not required, such as theater-level transportation and sustainment. Career skills that are in high demand in the civilian sector and difcult to retain on active duty, such as medical, legal, engineering and cyber skills. SUPPORTING CAPABILITIES FOR THE OPERATIONAL FORCE Civil affairs battalions/brigades Quartermaster to include petroleum operations, eld service, force provider and mortuary affairs (companies/ battalions/groups) Medical to include hospitals/medical minimal care detachments Military-Information Support Operations including psychological operations, (company/battalion/groups) information operations and cyber operations) Chemical including area support, hazard response and biological detection Transportation to include port operations and movement control Legal Support Military History Chaplain rfntt Above: Soldiers conduct night re qualication on an M2 machine gun Dec. 5, 2017 during Operation Cold Steel II, at Fort Hunter Liggett, Calif. Below: A recruit runs for cover during a training exercise at Fort Jackson, Aug. 3, 2017. Get Ready THEATER-LEVEL ENABLING COMMANDS 2 Theater Engineer Commands 2 Medical Deployment Support Commands 4 Civil Affairs Commands 8 Expeditionary Sustainment Commands 1 Military Police Command PHOTO BY STAFF SGT. DEBRALEE BEST, 84TH TRAINING COMMAND fn

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Every ground crew assigned to a Ready Force X unit and all RFX convoy protection platform teams, will train and certify at Cold Steel II. Crews and teams will rotate through multiple CSII locations from October 2017 to September 2018. Newly developed within our OCSII model is a bridging strategy that links multiple CSTXs that will be conducted near simultaneously and linked via echeloned mission command. These training events are conducted at Fort Knox, Fort McCoy, Joint Base Fort Eustis and Port of Charleston. Also new is a collective live re exercise that combines MET prociency with platform gunnery. In each unit that requires a collective live re, this will include up to ve gun trucks accompanied by non-gun trucks, engaging targets during convoy operations. U.S. Army Reserve Command is committed to adapting its training with numerous similar exercises focused on ensuring RFX units are able to maintain higher levels of peacetime readiness to offset risk to the nation. ntb JOINT BASE MCGUIRE-DIX, Lakehurst, N.J. According to Sgt. Ian RiveraAponte, hes just trying to carry on the family tradition. Like seventy-nine percent of all troops, Rivera-Apontea third-generation service membercomes from a military family. His grandfather fought in Vietnam and his father also served. Another source of pride is that hes part of the Army Reserves only infantry unit, the 100th Infantry Battalion out of Fort Shafter, Hawaii. The 100th Battalion, 442nd Regimental Combat Team, is the most decorated combat unit of its size in the history of the Army, with more than 18,000 individual awards for valor, including 21 Medals of Honor. Originally from Trujillo Alto, Puerto Rico, Rivera-Aponte is tremendously skilled at his craft, his personal-best, hitting a 2,450-meter target. Rivera-Aponte smiled when asked about the portrayal of snipers in popular movies such as American Sniper, Lone Survivor and Shooter. I laugh at some of the movies and the way they portray snipers, but they are entertaining, he said. Things that would take days to prepare and they do it in ve minutes. tttb tb t By Sgt. Russell Toof, 99th Regional Readiness Division PHOTO BY PHOTO BY MASTER SGT. MICHEL SAURET, 200TH MILITARY POLICE COMMAND t b btt bf t rrffnttb b bt rrnf r tt

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ntb MACDILL AIR FORCE BASE, Fla You, step up here. All eyes follow the lean, tall and tan specialist as he quickly strides toward the center of the crowd, his own eyes xed on the somewhat intimidating 3-star presence. Now, I want you to sound off and tell these people what you told me, says the lieutenant general, gesturing to the scores of Soldiers and airmen gathered around them. The specialist faces the crowd and clears his throat. The Road to Awesome is a mindset, not a destination. Spc. Sergio A. Velazquez, a transportation management coordinator assigned to Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 332nd Transportation Battalion, had just impressed the most senior ofcer in the third component of the Army, Lt. Gen. Charles D. Luckey, chief of Army Reserve and commanding general, U.S. Army Reserve Command. Outstanding, specialist. I know generals who cannot dene the Road to Awesome as well as you did. Luckey, who coined the term to summarize his command philosophy, joined Soldiers from the 332nd, staged at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, as they conducted a joint aerial redeployment training mission as part of the battalions Deployment Readiness Exercise Level III, a multi-phase operation that assesses a units ability to muster its troops, mobilize its assets and deploy to any corner of the globe within a 96-hour window. The most important thing for me to do today is to be here with you, Luckey said to the troops waiting to board a U.S. Air Force C-17 cargo plane. What you do exemplies why Americas Army Reserve is the most lethal and capable federal reserve force in our nations history. The aerial training mission exposed Soldiers to the meticulous planning, careful coordination and awless execution required to transport troops, Above: Lt. Gen. Charles D. Luckey, Commanding General, U.S. Army Reserve Command, shakes hands with Spc. Sergio Velazquez, a transportation management coordinator assigned to Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 332nd Transportation Battalion, 641st Regional Support Group, during a deployment readiness exercise, Sept. 27, 2017, at MacDill Air Force Base, Fla. nf people rf frf r f fff fr SPC. SERGIO A. VELAZQUEZ 332ND TRANSPORTATION BATTALION

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vehicles and other warghting supplies across continents via land and air. I didnt appreciate the scope and scale of this mission until Lt. Gen Luckey spoke with us, admitted Velazquez, a Rochester, New York, native. It wasnt until we boarded the plane with our gear and left the ground did I realize that this mission was conditioning our minds and bodies to the rigors of warfare. The 332nd is among the Army Reserves Ready Force X units, designated to ght fast, and trained to dominate near-peers in a degraded environment. The enemy gets a vote on when we go, said Luckey. That enemy no longer gives us the luxury of planning months in advance. We have weeks maybe only daysto respond to these threats. Luckeys vision and philosophy resonates with Velazquez. Ive read many of Lt. Gen Luckeys messages in various posts and newsletters, said Velazquez, who, when not wearing the uniform, helps recent college graduates connect with employers by serving as a career counselor for Ultimate Medical Academy in Tampa, Florida. He states that leadership, energy and execution drive us along The Road to Awesome, which in turn drives the way we think and live. When Velazquez and his fellow Soldiers from the 332nd stepped off the bus and onto the ight line, they were greeted with a familiar gure standing on the C-17s ramp, welcoming the Soldiers as they made their way to their seats. I didnt expect to see [Lt. Gen Luckey] on the plane, and I was completely surprised when he motioned me to break away from the line and stand by his side, said Velazquez. We shook hands and he gave me his personal contact card. You are a future leader, the general said to Velazquez. You have what it takes to inspire people to do what must be done. As engines roared to life and wheels rolled onto the road, Velazquez, a 25-year old specialist, reected on the mission and the man who oversaw it. At rst, I was nervous that the Chief of the U.S. Army Reserve asked me to dene his philosophy, said Velazquez. I thought, Im just a specialist. What can I offer to a general? But Lt. Gen Luckeys energy and composure put me at ease. He lives and breathes the Army values, and that makes him no different from any other Soldier in the Army. Were one team ghting one ght, and that to me is awesome. ntb nf rrtttrr rrffr rfrf frfrtttfr rrf ffrf rff nrr Above: Soldiers from the 332nd Transportation Battalion climb aboard a U.S. Air Force C-17 Globemaster III cargo plane to participate in a deployment readiness exercise Sept. 27, 2017, at MacDill Air Force Base, Fla. f f f r ff f rr LT. GEN. CHARLES D. LUCKEY CHIEF OF ARMY RESERVE AND COMMANDING GENERAL, U.S. ARMY RESERVE COMMAND

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READY FORCE f ntb AS THREATS AROUND THE WORLD CONTINUE TO EVOLVE, SO TOO MUST AMERICA'S ARMY RESERVE. SELECT UNITS ARE TRAINING TO MOVE RAPIDLY, BE MORE AGILE, MORE LETHAL CONSTANTLY PREPARED TO OPERATE IN AUSTERE, EVER-CHANGING ENVIRONMENTS. THEY'RE CALLED

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READY FORCE ntb CHALLENGING REAL-WORLD TRAINING LIKE COMBAT SUPPORT TRAINING EXERCISES AND OPERATION COLD STEEL ENSURE THESE UNITS ARE READY TO MEET THE NEEDS OF THE U.S. ARMY AND OUR NATION.

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COMBAT SUPPORT TRAINING EXERCISE (CSTX) 86-17-02, which began August 5, 2017, at Fort McCoy, Wisconsin, is one such exercise with remote, unestablished bases. The CSTX large-scale training event, hosted by the 86th Training Division, 84th Training Command, trained more than 12,000 service members from the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps, as well as from six foreign countries. The training was particularly critical for the Army Reserve units participating, as the majority are designated Ready Force X. We set the box, we set the scenario, we set the conditions for an austere environment for training rotation units, said Col. Ronald Meredith, 86th Training Division acting commander and exercise director for CSTX, we provide a scenario for real-world exercises in an austere environment for those units to come here, occupy tactical assembly areas and conduct missions based on our injects, our scenario writing, the operating scenario of the environment and then whatever STXsituational training lanes we have established. The 86th TD and three partner units from First Army, 75th Training Command and Medical Readiness Training Command work collaboratively to bring all the collective training together. Our responsibility, our mission, is to provide that collective training opportunity, said Lt. Col. Andrew Rigor, deputy operations and plans ofcer, 86th TD and exercise program manager. While CSTX mainly focuses on training Army Reserve units, other military services and international forces join the training as well. I think there is so much value in joint and multinational training that its worth the extra effort to make it happen. We often say train as you ght, and in the current and future environment, thats what its going to be. Its going to be multinational, said Rigor. In addition to including additional forces, there are also multifunctional exercises within CSTX. These include: the Air Forces Patriot Warrior; Global Medic, a medical exercise; U.S. Army Reserve Mortuary Affairs Exercise; HR Warrior, a personnel management exercise; Diamond Saber, a nance exercise; Exercise Newsday, a public affairs functional exercise, and Trans Warrior, a transportation exercise. BY DEBRALEE BEST, 86TH TRAINING DIVISION r ntb TRAINING FOR AN AUSTERE BATTLEFIELD THE 86TH TRAINING DIVISION WORKS HARD TO PREPARE UNITS WITH REALISTIC, AUSTERE TRAINING EXERCISES. PREVIOUSLY, ANNUAL EXERCISES HAVE BEEN FOCUSED ON PREPARING FOR THE CONFLICTS IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN, BUT EXERCISES ARE CURRENTLY BEING ADAPTED TO BETTER REFLECT NEW THREAT ENVIRONMENTS. READY FORCE X FORT M c COY, WIS. PHOTO BY MASTER SGT. ANTHONY TAYLOR, 85TH SUPPORT COMMAND Right: Soldiers assigned to the 693rd Quartermaster Company, Bell, Calif., check around a corner while moving through a mock village during Combat Support Training Exercise 86-17-02 at Fort McCoy, Wis. Opposite page: Master Sgt. Erin McArthur, Observer/ Coach/Trainer, discusses rst aid procedures with Spc. Tymir Brooks, 140th Quartermaster Company, following a small arms engagement scenario.

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Five years ago, we were decisively engaged in Iraq and Afghanistan, so the thinking was that a unit would come here and fall in on a pre-existing set of equipment and facilities, what we used to call FOBs, forward operating bases, said Meredith. Were going to ght the next war in an austere environment. What austerity means is: you do an invasion of a country, whether its land or sea, you establish a bridge-head or a beach-head and you start pushing troops out. Youre basically operating in the wild. Last year was really the rst year we pushed them off the FOB and into the wild. For the planners, this meant changing the scenario of the exercise and the timeline. The exercise now starts about the beginning of the counter-attack. In this exercise, the coalition counter-attack started two days before the ofcial start date of the exercise. Its earlier, and thats a big change, said Rigor. Because of that, there is nothing established in the country youre counter-attacking into; were following the combat elements in so we can continue to support them. Thats why you hear the term austerity a lot. Its an austere environment. Whatever is out there on the ground is whats out there on the ground. Were not contracting big giant tents, were not building a dining facility, theres no FOB walls and there is no mayor cell anymore. Things are more uid. You might not stay in that location very long before you move on to another location. So, that has to be incorporated in there. The new training scenario of CSTX also allows a more mobile force. Going back to 20 years ago, take a look at the way the Army was, they were a lot more expeditionary; you set up a tactical assembly area, and you defend that assembly area, said Rigor. As needed, that assembly area can move to a different location as the battle progresses forward. CSTX is about shaping the Army Reserve into a more agile and lethal force and changing the mentality of those Soldiers to train as they will ght. You cant change a 200,000-person culture overnight, but these Warrior Exercises and CSTXs help change that culture. How does this help readiness? It helps change the culture to back where we were during the Cold War, when we actually did this stuff, said Meredith. Youve got truck drivers out there probably building ghting positions for the rst time in their lives. So thats a step in the right direction. ntb PHOTO BY DEBRALEE BEST, 86TH TRAINING DIVISION

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ntb GETTING BACK TO BASICS STORY AND PHOTOS BY MASTER SGT. ANTHONY TAYLOR, 85TH SUPPORT COMMAND THE LARGE-SCALE EXERCISE INTRODUCES a scenario adapted to the current threat environment, with remote, unestablished bases, and multi-echelon and multi-functional, realistic, tactical training to challenge units and improve the prociency. If the unit comes to CSTX prepared in their Mission Essential Task List, they come here and get to exercise their command post operations, and Soldiers actually get to exercise their individual tasks through their collective tasks for their units mission, said Command Sgt. Maj. Ted Copeland, Command Sergeant Major, U.S. Army Reserve. Its critical for readiness and for Objective T (the Armys system designed to better measure a units readiness). Copeland further explained that training scenarios are adapting to the threat, and that units and Soldiers need to return to basics. Were getting away from the Forward Operating Base concept. Thats how we had to ght in Afghanistan or Iraq, but that may not be how we have to ght in the future, said Copeland. Units have to be agile, pick up their headquarters and move in a short time frame for survivability. Getting back to Left: Spc. Andrew Bahun, from the 454th Transportation Company, Columbus, Ohio, engages targets during a high value target extraction in a Recongurable Vehicle Tactical Trainer 360-degree immersion simulator at Combat Support Training Exercise 86-17-02 at Fort McCoy, Wis. THOUSANDS OF ARMY RESERVE SOLDIERS, ALONG WITH SERVICE MEMBERS FROM EACH BRANCH OF SERVICE AND MILITARY PERSONNEL FROM FOREIGN PARTNER NATIONS CAME TOGETHER TO TRAIN DURING THE ARMY RESERVES COMBAT SUPPORT TRAINING EXERCISE 86-17-02, AUGUST 5 THROUGH 25, 2017. FORT M c COY, WIS. READY FORCE X

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the basics is Soldiers just being Soldiers rst and their Military Occupational Specialties second. They have to realize that our old slogan, shoot, move and communicate is important. Soldiers have to be able to ght and survive against the enemy or their MOS skills are not relevant. The Army Reserves 85th Support Command, partnered with First Army, provided critical support of the CSTX to train the force. Many of the observer coach/ trainers on the ground, assigned to the 85th, worked with the training units in the planning stages and throughout the exercise to enhance their readiness levels. The 85th is still providing roughly half of the OC/Ts for First Army, said Chief Warrant Ofcer 5 Eric Nordy, Command Chief Warrant Ofcer, 85th Support Command. There are three of our battalions involved in this CSTX, providing OC/Ts and providing logistical support. Alongside OC/T support, MP training units assisted each other in becoming more procient in their specic skill sets. They saw us doing riot [control] training and asked us to give a little instruction on it, said Sgt. Kyle Cordero, from the 344th MP Company, and a law enforcement ofcer in his civilian capacity. So we demonstrated rst with our guys, and now were running them through the basic principles of riot control, starting off with a shield team. Thats the cornerstone of riot control. Miles away within the training area, other Army Reserve OC/Ts, trained chemical and reghter units and a Movement Control Team. Some of these units have been identied as Ready Force X units that must be prepared to quickly deploy. Were getting ready to ght a near-peer competitor, so were going back to tactical assembly areas, said Lt. Col. John Smalley, battalion commander of 2nd Battalion, 361st Training Support Regiment, 181st MFTB, Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Lt. Col. Tim Campbell, battalion commander of the 1st Battalion, 383rd Training Support Regiment, 181st MFTB emphasized the signicance of basic Soldier skills. Were hoping that they continue to sharpen those skills and that they go back ntb Were getting away from the Forward Operating Base concept. Thats how we had to ght in Afghanistan or Iraq, but that may not be how we have to ght in the future. Units have to be agile, pick up their headquarters and move in a short time frame for survivability. COMMAND SGT. MAJ. TED COPELAND COMMAND SERGEANT MAJOR, U.S. ARMY RESERVE

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ntb Soldiers assigned to the 693rd Quartermaster Company, Bell, Calif., treat a casualty after an ambush during Combat Support Training Exercise 86-17-02 at Fort McCoy, Wis. to basics and get away from the crutch of the digital battleeld, said Campbell. Pull out that hand-held map and start reading it, because map reading is a perishable skill, and all of these skills are perishable. Campbell said Soldiers also need to be ready to adjust and adapt. Were preparing for Kuwait, however the reality may change to be, who knows? The Horn of Africa, anywhere. The 693rd Quartermaster Company, from Bell, California, was one of many units repeatedly attacked in training scenarios throughout the exercise. One ambush that the 693rd QM CO encountered was during a water delivery to a local village. We were delivering Class 1 water, but we got hit. One of our rear vehicles went down, so we had to engage and had one [Soldier] wounded, said Staff Sgt. Byron Molina, describing the exercise scenario. We got hit with an RPG, a grenade and small arms re. Getting back to the basics is Soldiers just being Soldiers rst and their Military Occupational Specialties second. our old slogan, shoot, move and communicate is important. Soldiers have to be able to ght and survive against the enemy or their MOS skills are not relevant. COMMAND SGT. MAJ. TED COPELAND COMMAND SERGEANT MAJOR, U.S. ARMY RESERVE

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The wounded Soldier got hit in the shoulder and had two bullets in the leg and one went through the head. A hit to one of their Humvees reduced the convoy speed to ve miles an hour. Molina quickly secured a tow bar to pull their damaged vehicle. Immediately upon locking the tow bar, he rushed over to assist an injured Soldier, simulated by a mannequin covered in blood, with cuts and tattered clothing. The austere training environment allowed units to focus on the basics of Soldiering and helped them to hone their survival skills. Copeland said the training is essential to preparing RFX Soldiers for an environment where rapid mobilization of lead formations will be critical to deploying and sustaining combat power. Im impressed with the increase in focus and energy across the force, said Copeland. This training will ensure RFX units are ready to respond to evolving threats from near-peer and non-state competitors, and prepared to mobilize and deploy on compressed timelines as part of critical Fight Fast formations. Lt. Col. Derek Morton, 86th Training Division added that the revised training scenario, minus any forward operating base, is also critical to ensuring RFX Soldiers are prepared for a harsh future battlespace. We need to get back to the basics of ghting a near-peer competitor, so thats the idea of going back into the wood line. Sgt. 1st Class Miranda Herrmann, observer coach/trainer from the 2nd Battalion, 361st Training Support Regiment, 181st Multi-functional Training Brigade, yells out to Soldiers, from her training unit, during a base attack at Combat Support Training Exercise 86-17-02 at Fort McCoy, Wis. ntb Above: Soldiers of the 693rd Quartermaster Company, treat a casualty during a base attack at Combat Support Training Exercise 86-17-02 at Fort McCoy, Wis.

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BY MASTER SGT. MICHEL SAURET, 200TH MILITARY POLICE COMMAND MP s TRAIN TO ADAPT AND OVERCOME MORE THAN 600 MILITARY POLICE SOLDIERS TRAINED TOGETHER THIS AUGUST DURING ONE OF THE LARGEST COMBAT SUPPORT TRAINING EXERCISES OF THE YEAR RUN BY THE U.S. ARMY RESERVE. ntb FORT M c COY, WIS. READY FORCE X

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MILITARY POLICE SPECIALIZE IN DETAINEE operations, such as securing enemy prisoners of war, but they also safeguard and feed displaced civilians who lose their homes during times of war. The training exercise, also known as CSTX, combined Army Reserve units from various functions and specialties into a single battleeld to improve their overall readiness to deploy for combat. CSTX runs multiple cycles and locations each year, typically in Wisconsin, California and New Jersey. This particular cycle included more than 12,000 service members from the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps and forces from six partnering nations. Units on the ground specialized in every combat support function: engineering, defending against chemical warfare, logistics, transportation, water purication and more. CSTX has exercised my units in both their military occupational specialty role as military police and in basic survivability on a lethal battleeld, said Lt. Col. Edward Diamantis, commander of the 310th MP Battalion. In addition to their basic functions, units were expected to train on their battle drills, base defense, survivability and defeating the enemy. During typical training exercises, large units aligned alongside one another dont often train together, but this cycle was different for the MPs. The 333rd Military Police Brigade came to Fort McCoy, Wisconsin and trained with two of its battalions: 400th MP Battalion and 310th MP Battalion. This has been a completely austere environment I think it was pretty unique that the brigade was able to come to an exercise with organic units Doing this allowed both battalions to validate and be ready and be able to conduct mission command with their organic headquarters, said Capt. Deveney Wall, the executive ofcer for the 400th MP Battalion. MPs had to operate their missions on a 24-hour cycle while responding to attacks on their bases that came in various forms: chemical, complex attacks and indirect re. They did this while processing thousands of prisoners using biometrics systems, running convoy operations for missions outside the wire and responding to civil disturbances. Additionally, one of the battalions had to relocate their tactical operations center by packing up their equipment into a convoy of vehicles and re-assembling their operations tents at a new location. This process, known as a Jump TOC, is becoming more common among Army Reserve units as they train to respond quickly to mission changes or potential enemy threats. In this case, the MP battalion had to change mission from securing enemy prisoners of war to taking care of displaced civilians. Once they set up the new camp, MPs worked to provide food, shelter, water and medical care to civilians on the battleeld. Fort McCoy and its ranges provide a realistic theater environment that greatly enhances training. The various cell structures, sally ports and towers give Soldiers a true feel for their mission tasks. Also, this years emphasis on survivability brought to light the need for more basic infantry-like training in order to survive and win the next conict, said Diamontis. Opposite page: Military police Soldiers detain a trespassing protestor during a simulated protest during a Combat Support Training Exercise (CSTX) on Fort McCoy, Wis., Aug. 19, 2017. Above: A military police Soldier assigned within the 300th Military Police Brigade conducts surveillance over a detainee compound for a training exercise at Fort McCoy, Wis., Aug. 17, 2017. PHOTO BY SPC. THERELL FRETT, 982ND COMBAT CAMERA COMPANY AIRBORNE ntb

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COLD STEEL II MORE VEHICLES, MORE FIREPOWER BY DEBRALEE BEST, 84TH TRAINING COMMAND A LARGER-SCALE, SECOND ITERATION of the exercise, both in locations and in the number of Troop List Units, is running from October 12, 2017 to August 31, 2018 at Fort Hunter Liggett, Fort McCoy, Wisconsin, Fort Knox, Kentucky and Joint Base McGuire-DixLakehurst, New Jersey, with approximately 3,800 crews of 10,000 Soldiers from across the Army Reserve conducting mounted and ground crew-served weapons qualication. OCS II is far larger and more ambitious than OCS I, owing to three main factors: it has been expanded to include collective live re; it has been synchronized with Combat Support Training Exercises to provide trained gun and vehicle crews at specic times; and it is being conducted at four installations over the course of [scal year] 18, said Maj. Ryan Gore, Task Force OCS II operations ofcer in charge. During the months of April and May, 2017, an estimated 1,800 Army Reserve Soldiers from approximately 60 Army Reserve units participated in the U.S. Army Reserve Command's inaugural Operation Cold Steel, hosted by the 84th Training Command. The purpose of Operation Cold Steel was to create a more deployable, combat-ready and OPERATION COLD STEEL II KICKED OFF OCTOBER 12, 2017 AT FORT HUNTER LIGGETT, CALIFORNIA, PREPARING READY FORCE X UNITS TO BRING THE MOBILITY, SURVIVABILITY, CONNECTIVITY AND LETHALITY NEEDED TO FIGHT AND WIN ON THE BATTLEFIELD. rf ntb FORT HUNTER LIGGET, CALIF. READY FORCE X

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lethal ghting force within the Army Reserve by training and qualifying participating units on the crew-served weapons within the Army arsenal. The exercise executed crew-served weapons platform qualications through multiple 12-day rotations, with Soldiers qualifying on weapons systems like the MK 19 grenade machine gun, M240B machine gun and M2 machine gun. The rst Operation Cold Steel was a successful proof of principle, concluding with a qualication rate of 93 percent. The 84th Training Command, through TF OCS II, provides oversight of each executing agent unit conducting the training. Task Force Coyote was led by the 79th Theater Support Command (TSC), at Fort Hunter Liggett, from October to December, 2017. The 416th Theater Engineer Company (TEC) will lead Task Force Triad at Fort McCoy from February to May 2018. The 377th TSC will head Task Force Bullion and re at Fort Knox, March through May 2018. U.S. Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command (Airborne) will lead Task Force Ultimate and conduct gunnery operations at Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst from July to August 2018. Specically, OCS II will focus on crew-served weapons and platform quali cation as well as collective live-re training to enhance the readiness of selected units. Additionally, it provides a platform for Soldiers to be trained as Vehicle Crew Evaluators and gain practical experience so they can effectively perform in this capacity at their units, said Gore. Finally, it teams newly trained Army Reserve Master Gunner Common Core graduates with seasoned active-component Master Gunners to build the bench that will enable units to conduct gunnery autonomously at the unit level in the coming years. According to Gore, this combination of training is designed to make units self-sufcient in completing this training on their own. We at OCS II are trying to work ourselves out of a job, said Gore. At Triad and Bullion, Soldiers will train and qualify on the MK 19, M240B, M2 and M249 light machine gun weapon platforms mounted on various military vehicles, including Humvees, Medium Tactical Vehicles, Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Trucks and Heavy Equipment Transports. Crews at Bullion will feed into a Bridge CSTX, providing trained gunnery crews for the exercise. At Coyote and Ultimate, Soldiers will conduct ground training and qualication with the weapon platforms. Ultimately, the goal of OCS at all locations is to improve the readiness within the Army Reserve to deploy and ght in any contingency. Operation Cold Steel is a training event that helps to ensure Army Reserve units and Soldiers are trained and ready to deploy on short notice and bring combat-ready, lethal repower in support of the joint force anywhere in the world, said Col. Phillip A. Taylor, TF OCS II commander. r ntb Above: Spc. Justin Martinez, paralegal specialist with 382nd Combat Sustainment Support Battalion, res the rst rounds downrange with an M2 machine gun for weapons qualication during Operation Cold Steel II at Fort Hunter Liggett, Calif., Oct. 15, 2017. Opposite page: Pvt. Garrett Brazzell and Staff Sgt. Lee Hicks, both petroleum specialists with the 842nd Quartermaster Company, work together as gunner and assistant gunner ring an M2 machine gun for weapons qualication during Operation Cold Steel II. PHOTOS BY SGT. HEATHER DOPPKE, 79TH THEATER SUSTAINMENT COMMAND

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r ntb PHOTO BY JOCELYN AUGUSTINO, FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY PHOTO BY U.S. ARMY SGT. DEBRA COOK

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r ntb IMMEDIATE RESPONSE AUTHORITY SUPPORT INCLUDES: Distribution of medicine, food, consumable supplies and services Removal of debris and road clearance for immediate restoration of emergency and essential services Emergency medical care, search and rescue Transportation of supplies and persons Restoration of essential services Construction of temporary bridges and facilities for shelters, schools and essential public services Demolition of unsafe structures and posting hazard warnings Dissemination of public information on health and safety measures Technical and advisory

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r ntb Left: Pvt. 1st Class Matheaw Sicard, a power line distribution specialist with Delta Company, 249th Engineer Battalion, walks down a cleared road to repair power lines in Ro Grande, Puerto Rico.

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r ntb SGT. RONALD ALLEN 373rd Combat Sustainment Support Brigade

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r ntb NEARLY 200,000 SOLDIERS OF THE ARMY RESERVE ARE TRAINED, EQUIPPED AND ORGANIZED TO PERFORM A FULL RANGE OF OPERATIONS including disaster response with facilities located in over 1,200 communities across the nation. Key Army Reserve capabilities available for disaster response include: Aviation: medical evacuation, medium and heavy lift helicopters, search and rescue Engineering: search and rescue, debris removal, horizontal and vertical construction, portable bridges Medical: ground ambulance, combat support hospitals, specialized medical teams, veterinary services Communications: communications capabilities including satellite Logistics: water, petroleum, generators, general logistics Transportation: light, medium and heavy trucks, watercraft CBRN: Army Reserve chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear incident response capabilities are trained and ready

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ntb JOEL CORTEZ resident of Lares, Puerto Rico

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r ntb PHOTO BY SGT. ANDREW VALLES, U.S. ARMY RESERVE COMMAND

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ntb ntb BY PATRICIA FONTANET RODRGUEZ

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NEW MARTINSVILLE, W. Va. No bridge, no problem. The 459th Engineer Company located in New Martinsville, West Virginia and known as the River Rats, spent time building on local Tygart Lake during a three-day training event to support the Department of Defenses Immediate Response Authority. The 459th practiced assembling and disassembling six sections of an Improved Ribbon Bridge over the lake. Local public ofcials were invited to the marina at Tygart Lake State Park, September 8, to watch the company conduct a mock Immediate Response Authority exercise and showcase their bridge building competence. First Sergeant Marti Durst, with the 459th Engineer Company, said the exercise was for Soldier training, of course, but was also used to spread awareness of the units potential. We were trying to put together a demonstration of our capabilities and what we can do for disaster ood relief with rafting operations and our boats, explained Durst, as well as emergency bridge replacement. The state of West Virginia has a history of ooding and theres need for emergency and disaster ood relief. Heavy ooding caused a bridge to collapse in Elkwood, West Virginia, on June 23, 2016. The collapse left hundreds of citizens River Rats ffnnn ntb Clockwise from below: Soldiers with 459th Engineer Company, work to assemble an Improved Ribbon Bridge on the Tygart Lake. Soldiers from the 459th Engineer Company work to place sections of an Improved Ribbon Bridge onto Tygart Lake Friday, Sept. 8, 2017. Tygart Lake was used as training grounds, Sept. 8, 2017, for the 459th Engineer Company, located out of New Martinsville, W. Va. trained + ready

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temporarily stranded and resulted in an isolated shopping center. That could have been an easy x for us, said Durst, We could have put a dry support bridge section over that gap where the bridge washed down and those businesses could have stayed open. According to the Defense Support of Civilian Authorities directive, DOD ofcials may provide an immediate response by temporarily employing the resources under their control, subject to any supple mental direction provided by higher headquarters, to save lives, prevent human suffering or mitigate great property damage within the United States. This provides the authority to assist with a 72-hour rescue mission and emergency response support if requested by civil authorities. Training is paramount to ensure reserve forces are ready to deploy at any moment. Sgt. Jaron McLain, who served as bridge commander during the training exercise, believes training like this provides the opportunity for Soldiers to learn, make mistakes and learn by those mistakes. I would much rather work out the kinks now than somewhere in Iraq, said McLain. You can die in practice a million times, but in real life youve just got one shot. River Rats ffnnn ntb You can die in practice a million times, but in real life youve just got one shot. SGT. JARON MCLAIN 459TH ENGINEER COMPANY

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FORT DRUM, N.Y. Muzzle placement, weapon at 45 degree angle, weapon on re, head tilt, Sgt. 1st Class Justin Carmans directions were punctuated by a loud boom. Mentoring Soldiers at the Ballistic Breaching Range is noisy business. The obstacle was a plywood door attached to a concrete entry way. A wooden block centered on the edge of the door served as the doorknob. The blast created extensive damage to the doors simulated locking system, allowing easy access for the breaching team. It was the Soldiers from the 420th Engineer Company, 412th Theater Engineer Command, based in Indiana, Pennsylvania, mastering how to breach an obstacle in a four-man stack using the M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun System 12-guage shotgun. This company was among 10 units and 400 Soldiers conducting annual training in the 479th Engineer Battalions Extended Combat Training (ECT). Three of the participating units were Ready Force X, tasked with maintaining higher levels of readiness in order to deploy quicklysometimes in less than 90 days. For many of the Soldiers, it was an opportunity to do more than just re the new weapons system, said Carman. They got practical hands-on training. Most Soldiers have limited opportunities to practice their military occupational specialty. Pfc. Jason Beckley, a combat engineer in the Army Reserve, is groundskeeper at a golf course in Montgomery, Pennsylvania. It is denitely something you should do if youre a 12B (Combat Engineer), said Beckley. By the end of the training, more than 70,000 rounds had been red from the M2 machine gun, M240B Machine Gun, MK 19 40-millimeter grenade launcher and M16A2 rie. The ranges varied from qualication to reexive re and known distance. We are going back to all of the basics for a route clearing company, said Capt. Dan Gusich, company commander. The training ties in with one of the Mission Essential Tasks approved for this training year. ntb nfnn rrf trained + ready Below: A Soldier assigned to the 420th Engineer Company, ejects a shell from his M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun System 12-guage shotgun while familiarizing with the weapon at a Ballistic Breaching range on Fort Drum, N.Y., Aug. 10, 2017.

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This wasnt the only training conducted during this annual exercise. Just a day prior, the company had already expended more than 3,000, M2 .50-caliber machine gun rounds with 10th Mountain Divisions 7th Engineer Brigade on a breaching with demolitions lane. Gusich believes that the unit will signicantly improve its readiness through similar ECTs. Next year Gusichs Soldiers will train to hone their defensive skills. The following year he will lead his company in route clearance training techniques, which will include vehicle training. Typically when you are doing clearance now, 50 percent of your patrol is dismounted, noted Gusich. So they really need be able to ret and reorganize as infantry. This enhanced training and focus ensures that every Soldier goes into theater with the survivability, combat-readiness and lethality needed to ght and win the nations wars. ntb nfnn bfnr ff fr f SGT. 1ST CLASS JUSTIN CARMAN 420TH ENGINEER COMPANY, 412TH THEATER ENGINEER COMMAND Above left: Pvt. Dontae Pennybaker assigned to the 420th Engineer Company, turns his head as he res a M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun System 12-guage shotgun, meeting safety standards and avoiding an eye injury at a Ballistic Breaching range on Fort Drum, N.Y., Aug. 10, 2017. Above right: Spc. Joshua Harshman assigned to the 420th Engineer Company, based in Indiana, Penn., res a M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun System 12-guage shotgun at a Ballistic Breaching range on Fort Drum, N.Y., Aug. 10, 2017.

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BALTIMORE, Md The convoy of military police trucks rolling up the ramp and into the gaping mouth of a 697-foot cargo ship named Cape Wrath tested the METL of critical warghting capabilities. The recent port exercise in Baltimore brought together military police and watercraft units identied to deploy rapidlyin some cases in days or weeks. They are both Ready Force X units, and they are training to have the mobility, survivability, connectivity and lethality needed to win on the battleeld. This training helps us be aware of some of the showstoppers, some of the issues we could run into when we do get deployed, and it helps us get smart on a lot of the processes that it takes to move our equipment, said Sgt. 1st Class Angela Ross, the unit movement ofcer for the 200th Military Police Command, headquartered at Fort Meade, Maryland. The symbiotic relationship brought trucks to the watercraft unit, and cargo ships and cranes to the military police units. So it was a match made in Marylandgiven the access to the nearby Port of Baltimorefor all units involved. The exercise was split into multiple days and separate events taking place in October and early November. The lead unit, the 1398th Deployment Distribution Support Battalion, specializes in seaport embarkation and debarkation. When deployed, theyre able to manage single-port operations for a combatant command anywhere in the world. Military cargos include vehicles, weapons, ammo, equipment, food and everything else Soldiers need on the battleeld. If were not performing our function in our port, it hinders an entire geographical command, potentially, said Capt. Lee Rodriguez, transportation and operations ofcer for the 1398th DDSB. Soldiers from the 200th MP Command and one of its down-trace units, the 400th MP Battalion, both located at Fort Meade, partnered with the DDSB for this training. By partnering with the 200th Military Police and its down-trace, we were able to simulate a deploying unit, which helped us meet our mission essential tasks of port operations, said Rodriguez. Taking part in this Baltimore port exercise familiarized the military police with the very technical and detail-oriented processes of logistics and transportation. Its not as simple as driving up to a boat and taking off. The process involves multiple log systems, equipment measurements, awless accountability and constant communications between the deploying and the port units. If we give incorrect information, that slows the process down we could miss our movement. We could miss the boat, said Ross. Gaining this experience now will make them much more efcient in deploying later, she said. nn trained + ready rrrrrr f ntb Above: A transportation noncommissioned ofcer from the 1398th Deployment Distribution Support Battalion gives a logistics and transportation brief to drivers from the 200th Military Police Command and the 400th Military Police Battalion. At top: Soldiers from the 200th Military Police Command and the 1398th Deployment Distribution Support Battalion conduct a port operations training exercise at the Port of Baltimore on Nov. 2, 2017. The cargo vessel, Cape Wrath (left), is owned by the Department of Transportation.

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The port battalion also coordinated with fellow Army Reserve transportation companies and the Department of Transportation to gain access to various vessels and loading equipment throughout their exercise. We dont get to play with a vessel this size, ever. So this is a big deal for our guys. It gives them an invaluable experience, because opening a vessel like this [for training] is expensive, said Maj. Jon McKee, operations ofcer for a Terminal Management Team with the 1398th DDSB. Through these local partnerships in Maryland, the 1398th DDSB was able to accomplish a major training event at a lower cost because everything was done locally. Weve done something that in essence nears a large-scale exercise, like a Combat Support Training Exercise or Trans Warrior. By coordinating between internal units, we were able to do a much more effective job on a shorter suspense, said Rodriguez. One day, all of these units may well deploy anywhere in the world, but in the meantime, theyve found a way to complete necessary training just a few miles from home. nn ntb ffrf ffrf rfrr ff SGT. 1ST CLASS ANGELA ROSS 200TH MILITARY POLICE COMMAND Above: Soldiers from the 1398th Deployment Distribution Support Battalion lower a Light Medium Tactical Vehicle from the 200th Military Police Command onto a cargo vessel. Below: A Light Medium Tactical Vehicle from the 200th Military Police Command rolls onto the cargo vessel, Cape Wrath

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FORT BELVOIR, Va The goal of the new Blended Retirement System (BRS) is to give service members nancial knowledge and to better prepare them as they transition from military service into civilian life. For Soldiers currently serving, BRS is up to the individual service memberthey will not be automatically enrolled in BRS. Resources and information are available through a local Retirement Services Ofcer or an Army Personal Financial Counselor. Starting in January, every pay period delay counts against savings under the Blended Retirement System. Every Soldier needs to take this seriouslythis is about money in your pocket and your familys nancial well-being, said Command Sgt. Maj. Ted Copeland. Do the training and make a well-informed decision for your familys future. Under the BRS, Army Reserve Soldiers with 4,320 or more retirement points are grandfathered under the legacy 1.0 retirement system. Those entering service beginning January 1, 2018 will automatically enroll in the 2.0 BRS. However, a large majority of Soldiers, those with less than 4,320 retirement points, are faced with a decision to either opt in to BRS or to maintain their status under the legacy retirement pension. Soldiers are required to complete training at http:// jko/jten.mil course number J30P-US1332 and have the entire 2018 calendar year to opt-in. nnnnnf ff n n ntb n The Blended Retirement System combines service members traditional legacy retirement pension with distributions from the Thrift Savings Plan, creating a portable retirement option. The BRS will grandfather in servicemembers serving as of December 2017 under the legacy retirement system. No one currently serving will be automatically switched to the BRS, according the DoDs Military Compensation website. TSP match (up to 5 percent) Continuation pay Pension multiplier 2.0 percent Lump sum pension options Depart service with an established retirement No TSP match No continuation pay Pension multiplier 2.5 percent No lump sum pension options Must reach 20 years for pension account tf tf nr fr f rr rr COMMAND SGT. MAJ. TED COPELAND U.S. ARMY RESERVE COMMAND PHOTO ILLUSTRATION BY U.S. AIR FORCE STAFF SGT. ALEXANDRE MONTES, 70TH INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE AND RECONNAISSANCE WING road to awesome

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nn n rr r r rrr n rr r www.militaryonesource.com l 1.800.342.9647 National Suicide Prevention Lifeline 1.800.273.TALK (8255) Behind every Soldier is a strong support team Use them to prevent suicide