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WWW.HERITAGEFL.COM YEAR 42, NO. 52 AUGUST 31, 2018 20 ELUL, 5778 ORLANDO, FLORIDA SINGLE COPY 75 Editorials ..................................... 4A Op-Ed .......................................... 5A Calendar ...................................... 6A Scene Around ............................. 9A Synagogue Directory ................ 11A JTA News Briefs ........................ 13A Students proudly share their goals for the future on the first day of school at the Jewish Academy of Orlando. The Jewish Academy of Orlando began the new school year with advances in student retention and enrollment, as well as improvements in the technology and fine arts programs. Year-over-year enrollment increased 14 percent, and the school achieved a 95 percent retention rate, an improvement from prior years. We are excited to begin the school year with such positive momentum in recruitment and enrollment, Head of School Alan Rusonik stated. For years, Jewish Academy has been a technology leader with 1:1 iPad and computer programs, innovation lab, and other advances. This year, the schools technology offerings include upgrades to robotics, coding, 3D printing, and programming capabilities; all made pos sible through a matching grant from a generous donor. In addition to the expansion of its technology department, the fine arts program continues to grow. The school was one of 10 schools chosen to participate in a grant by the highly prestigious Teacher Institute for the Arts program, sponsored by Kol HaOt Art Institute, under the auspices of American/Israeli artist David Moss. Jewish Academys art teacher, Penny Goldstein, stated, We are excited that our teachers are now trained with cutting edge techniques to integrate art and Judaic studies. Rusonik added, We pride ourselves in continually making improvements to the school to make the student, parent, and family experiences the best they can be. We look forward to sharing even more exciting news and advances in the com ing months. To learn more about the Jewish Acad emy of Orlando, please visit https://www. jewishacademyorlando.org or follow us on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/ JewishAcademyOrlando. Jewish Academy of Orlando kicks off school year with increases The Kinneret Council of Agings Annual 8 over 80 Honorary Dinner is designed to recognize area residents who have contributed to the betterment of the Central Florida community. Who will be the newest honorees? On Sunday, March 3, 2019, KCOA will pay tribute to eight individuals over the age of 80 who have made significant contributions in the Central Florida area and continue to live lives of remarkable achievement, vitality and civic engagement. This cov eted honor is one of the most prestigious awards for older adults in our community. The event creates an overwhelming sense of com munity by recognizing and celebrating these amazing 8 individuals who have contrib uted their time and talent for the betterment of our com munity, said Lynn Fenster, Chair, 8 over 80 Gala. Each honoree has an im pactful story to tell and we look forward to their sharing it with us as well as celebrating their legacy of leadership and Nazi War Criminal Jakiw Palij By Cnaan Liphshiz (JTA)A former guard at a Nazi concentration camp was deported to Germany overnight from the United States, where he had lived for decades. Jakiw Palij, 95, had lived in Queens, New York. He served as a guard at the Trawniki con Nazi camp guard Jakiw Palij deported from US to Germany centration camp near Lublin, Poland, during World War II, and may face prosecution in Germany for his actions. Members of New Yorks congressional delegation last year urged the Trump administration to deport Palij, whose citizenship was revoked in 2003 based on his wartime activities, human rights abuses and immigration fraud, NBC reported. A federal court also ruled that he had assisted in the persecution of prisoners at the camp, though it stopped short of finding him responsible for deaths. A statement released by the White House after Palij landed in Germany early Tuesday commended President Donald Trump and Immigration and Customs Enforcement for removing this war criminal from United States soil. Despite a court ordering his deportation in 2004, past administrations were unsuc cessful in removing Palij, the statement said. To protect the promise of freedom for Holocaust survivors and their families, President Trump pri oritized the removal of Palij. Palij was born on former Polish territory, an area now located in Ukraine. He immi grated to the United States in 1949 and became a citizen in 1957, but concealed his Nazi service saying that he spent World War II working in a factory on a farm. Palij told Justice Depart ment investigators who showed up at his door in 1993, I would never have received my visa if I told the truth. Everyone lied. He later admitted to offi cials that he attended a Nazi SS training camp in Trawniki in German-occupied Poland and then served as an armed guard at its adjacent forcedlabor camp. According to the U.S. Ho locaust Memorial Museum, the Trawniki camp was part of Operation Reinhard, the Nazi operation to murder the approximately 2 million Jews residing in German-occupied Poland. Because Germany, Poland, Ukraine and other countries refused to take him, he con tinued living in limbo in the two-story, red brick home in Queens he shared with his wife, Maria, now 86. Germanys Foreign Office said its decision to accept Palij showed the country was accepting its moral responsi bility. And Foreign Minister Heiko Maas told the German tabloid Bild that those who committed the worst crimes on behalf of Germans would be held accountable. A reporter from ABC News who was present when Pajil was removed by ICE on Mon day morning described him as looking frail with missing front teeth visible through his white beard. The only noise he made was a pained howl as agents hoisted him NEWTON, MASSACHU SETTSOn Aug. 9, 2018, the community group Education Without Indoctrination filed a lawsuit against the School Committee of Newton, Mas sachusetts, in Massachusetts Superior Court on behalf of three Newton taxpayers. The lawsuit claims multiple viola tions of the Massachusetts Open Meeting Law stemming from the school committees handling of a burgeoning scandal over anti-Semitic lessons and the promotion of Islamic religious beliefs as objective facts in the public school districts his tory classes. In teaching world history, Newton Public Schools use hateful educational materi als funded by the Saudi oil company ARAMCO and the government of Qatar. As a result, Newton public school students are propagandized with materials that slander Israel and the Jewish people, and that falsify history to promote the Islamic religion in public schools. Just this past May, Newton North High School invited an antiSemitic group to screen Palestinian propaganda films to its students. For this, NPS Superintendent David Fleish man earned a rebuke from the New England branch of the Anti-Defamation League and Bostons Jewish Commu nity Relations Council. Parents and taxpayers seeking information on what is happening in Newton class rooms have been met with a Newton residents sue school board wall of silence and secrecy. The Newton School Com mittee and the districts su perintendent, David Fleish man, have been stonewalling parents since 2011, said Tanya Gorlin of EWI. And the classroom bias just keeps getting worse every year. All that secrecy has now crossed into illegality, said Karen Hurvitz, a member of EWI and counsel for the New ton taxpayers in this lawsuit against the Newton School Committee. For months now, dozens of Newton citi zens have come before the school committee to com plain about the non-objective, anti-Jewish, and Islamic religious lessons, as well as about Superintendent David Fleishman, who has refused to stop it being taught. Yet the names of all these citizens and summaries of what they said were deliberately omitted from the school committee meeting minutes month after month. According to the complaint, the Newton School Commit tee also concealed written evaluations of Superinten dent David Fleishman from the public, in contravention of its own policy and the Open Meeting Law. In their complaint, the Newton taxpayer plaintiffs seek orders compelling the school committee to present all written evaluations of Superintendent Fleishman at an open meeting, to acknowl KCOA seeks 8 over 80 nominees outstanding achievements, said Sharon F. Weil, director of Programming and Develop ment, KCOA. The years event, including a reception and gala dinner, will be held in the Delaney Dining Room at Kinneret. We are currently seeking nominations and ask that you consider who you know that is worthy of this distinction. Nomination forms are avail able at www.kinneretliving. org or by calling the Kinneret office at 407-425-4537. Note that individuals may nomi nate more than one person. Kinneret Apartments, lo cated in downtown Orlando, provides subsidized housing to 280 independent seniors. For information on the facil ity or to find out how you can donate to KCOA, please go to www.kinneretliving.org or contact Sharon Weil at 407425-4537. Newton on page 15A Nazi on page 14A

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PAGE 2A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 For those grieving the loss of a loved one there is hope. Once again, JFS Orlando, in coordination with the Jewish Pavilion and in co operation with The Hospice of the Comforter and VITAS Healthcare, is holding a Grief Support Group on Thursdays from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. The group meetings began on Aug. 30 and will continue to meet Sept. 6, 13, 20, 27, and Oct. 4. The meetings take place at Congregation Ohev Sha lom, 613 Concourse Parkway South, Maitland. For registration or ques tions, contact JFS clinical therapist supervisor Ashlyn Douglass-Barnes at 407-6447593, ext. 247 or email her at ashlyn.douglass-barnes@ jfsorlando.org A $5 per session contribu tion is suggested. Explore bereavement JSU is back in full force and is now in seven high schools around Orlando. JSU is a student run Jewish Club at local high schools where teens of all affiliations and backgrounds get to explore Judaism in a fun, accepting, and engaging environment. JSU has hundreds of clubs all over the country, with seven of them right here in Orlando. There will be a JSU kickoff event on Sunday, Sept. 2 from noon to 2:30 p.m. at 9101 International Dr., #1032 in Orlando. The cost is $12 per person. For more information about the clubs or the JSU Kick off Event, contact Daniel Nabatian at 516426-8484, dnabatian@ joinorlando.org or Aliza Nabatian at anabatian@ joinorlando.org or 786350-0621. JSU kickoff event this Sunday Friends of The Jewish Pavilion 2018-2019. Seated (left to right): Gloria Newberger, Renee Pitt, Jen Landa, Elise Schilowitz. Standing (left to right): Nancy Ludin, Lisa Levine, Denise Beumer, Susan Livingstone, Marlene Adler, Jane Edelstein, Randy Cunningham, Susie Stone, Marian Bromberg, Corinne Brail. A number of members are not pictured. By Lisa Levine The Jewish Pavilion Board of Directors welcomed a new executive committee and six new members at its Au gust meeting. Former board member Dick Appelbaum reviewed the past years ac complishments and installed the new executive committee and board. The new president for a two-year term is Faye Novick. Barry Kudlowitz is vice president, Terri Fine is secretary and Toby Vande mark is treasurer. Immediate past president Paul Stenzler remains on the executive committee and board. New board members are Marlene Adler, Mary Carter Eick, Sheila Kramer and Susie Goebeler. Valerie Chestnut and Ken Davis are returning to the board after a hiatus. Novick has been a board member for eight years and a Friends of The Jewish Pa vilion member for 10 years, as well as its immediate past president. Soon to be retired from her event-planning business, Novick has been involved in planning many of the Pavilions events over the years and has volunteered at Pavilion programs and holiday services. She and her hus band, Bill, have been married for 23 years and have lived in Orlando for most of that time. I am honored to be presi dent of this engaged and caring board, said Novick. The Jewish Pavilion serves an important need in our community. I am looking forward to working with the organization as we safeguard its present and future. The Friends of The Jewish Pavilion has also launched a new year as the busy fall season approaches. Longtime Friends member Marlene Adler was inducted as president, and Denise Beumer, Marian Brom berg, Tandy Cunningham, Sondra Hoffman, Rebecca Kleiman, Jennifer Landa, Terry Newman, Stacy Soll, Miriam Varnagy and Tracy Weiss were welcomed to the Friends board this year. Many of the members are very active volunteers at the senior living facilities served by The Jewish New boards usher in a New Year at The Jewish Pavilion Jewish Pavilion Board of Directors 2018-2019. Seated (l-r): Valerie Chestnut, Susie Goebeler, Sheila Kramer, Mary Carter Eick, Marlene Adler. Standing (l-r): Sammy Goldstein, Jason Mendelsohn, Barry Kudlowitz, Peter Schoenberger, Carina Gerscovich, Faye Novick, Dick Appelbaum (former board member), Mo Kaprow, Terri Fine, Paul Stenzler, Nancy Ludin. Not pictured: Toby Vandemark, Tracey Kagen, Alan Kronenberg, Noreen Levitt, Elise Schilowitz, Geanne Share, Ken Davis. Pavilion and will be helping at some of the many Rosh Hashanah celebrations. Coming on the heels of the New Year and fall holidays will be the much-anticipated Gems and Jeans 2018 Gala on Oct. 28, celebrating The Jewish Pavilions milestone 18th anniversary of bring ing engaging programs and friendly visits to seniors in living facilities all over Central Florida. The Gala committee of the Friends of the Pavilion has been working hard for many months to make it an event to remember. A new year often brings change, and The Jewish Pa vilion is pleased to announce that Susan Bernstein is the new program director for Longwood, Lake Mary and Sanford, taking over from Em ily Newman, who has retired. We are very excited to welcome Susan Bernstein as our new program director, said Nancy Ludin, executive director of The Jewish Pavil ion. She comes with a wealth of knowledge and experience in Jewish communal work. Susan is an excellent gui tarist and has been leading Sabbath and holiday services as a volunteer for The Jewish Pavilion for several years. Through her volunteer work, Susan is familiar with many of the elder care buildings we serve. Susan is bright, energetic and compassionate, and she has developed superb relationships with our seniors, volunteers and the staff at the facilities. Mark Davids demonstrates how the shofar is blown. for the occasion. This is not intended as a substitute for our morning services at Beth Am or any synagogue in Central Florida. This will be an experiential hour for students and their families to get a taste of Rosh Hasha nah. There will be a Shofar Service, apples and honey, familiar chants and discus sion of some major themes of Rosh Hashanah. And we will encourage everyone in attendance to take a short walk to the neighboring lake to cast away their sins at a Tashlich service before returning home for dinner. Alman added, We are opening this Rosh ha-Shana Experience to all Central Florida Jewish students and their families, regardless of synagogue affiliation and to those with no synagogue af filiation. No ticket is necessary to enjoy what Rosh Hashanah has to offer. At the very least we want everyone to have the opportunity to hear the sounding of a shofar to usher in the New Year! More information on the Rosh ha-Shana Experience and the High Holy Day ser vices at Congregation Beth Am can be found at www. CongBethAm.org. Beth Am to host the Rosh ha-Shana experience Monday, Sept. 10, from 4 p.m. to 5 p.m. for all students and their families who will not have had the opportunity to attend services on the 1st Day of Rosh Hashanah. This will be followed by a brief Tashlich service thats BYOB (Bring Your Own Bread). According to Greg Alman, vice-president for Religious Activities at Beth Am, We were not pleased to see this years Orange and Seminole County school calendars did not include days off for the Jewish holidays and we wanted to do something about it. We designed the Rosh ha-Shana Experience Recognizing that the school districts of Seminole and Orange counties will be in session during Rosh Hashanah, Congregation Beth Am in Longwood will offer an innovative, alterna tive worship experience on When becomesrfnrtb I DO I' M D ONE.

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 PAGE 3A (JNS)An Israeli report has revealed that the son of Palestinian Authority leader Mahmoud Abbas told a top Trump administration official that a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is unrealistic. According to Israels Chan nel 10, Tarek Abbas told White House special envoy to the Middle East Jason Green blatt last September on the sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly meeting in New York that he does not think a two-state solution is possible, and that the solution is one state with equal rights for all citizens. Mahmoud Abbas has re peatedly insisted that the only way to peace is through the creation of a Palestinian state. The report stated that Greenblatt reached out to Tarek Abbas in order to try to push forward the Trump administrations peace ef forts, according to unnamed senior Israeli officials cited by Channel 10. Days before that, Mah moud Abbas met with Trump to express his hope that the deal of the century would bring a solution to ongoing conflict between the Pal estinians and Israel. Since then, Abbas has blasted Trumps deal and vowed not to engage in any negotiations led by the Trump White House. The declaration came after Trump recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel in December. Son of Mahmoud Abbas doesnt believe in two-state solution JERUSALEM (JTA)Pep siCo will acquire the Israeli home soda maker manufac turer SodaStream for $3.2 billion, the soft drink giant said Monday. PepsiCo plans to maintain the Israeli companys cur rent base of operations in the Negev. SodaStream will continue to operate as an independent subsidiary. The American multina tional agreed to acquire all of the outstanding shares of SodaStream International Ltd. for $144 per share. PepsiCo and SodaStream are an inspired match, Pep siCo Chairman and CEO Indra Nooyi said in a statement. SodaStream CEO Daniel Birnbaum and his leadership team have built an extraordi nary company that is offering consumers the ability to make great-tasting beverages while reducing the amount of waste generated. That focus is wellaligned with Performance with Purpose, our philosophy of making more nutritious products while limiting our environmental footprint. Together, we can advance our shared vision of a healthier, more-sustainable planet. SodaStream, which manu factures home carbonation machines that work with its own line of soda flavor ings, has long been a target of advocates of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement against Israel because it was based in the West Bank. In October 2014, SodaS tream announced it would close its Mishor Adumim industrial park factory and move to southern Israel in the face of international pressure from the BDS movement, which seeks to hurt Israels economy over its policies toward the Palestinians. The movement claimed that SodaStream discriminated against Palestinian workers and paid some less than Israeli workers. Israeli politicians framed the significance of the SodaS tream aquisition in national terms that went beyond the purchase of one company. I welcome the purchase of SodaStream, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu posted on Twitter. The recent large acquisitions of Israeli compa nies demonstrate not only the technological capabilities but also the business capabilities that have been developed in Israel. I welcome the huge deal that will enrich the state cof fers as well as the important decision to leave the company in Israel. Oded Revivi, who manages foreign relations for the Yesha Council, a group representing the settlement movement, called Mondays news a day of darkness for the #BDS and its supporters and a day of light for the Israeli economy. Economy Minister Eli Co hen said the purchase evoked pride in local industry, while Justice Ministry Ayelet Shaked said the firm was an example of Israeli creativity, innovation, coexistence and entrepreneurship. Worth remembering: Pep siCo boycotted Israel until 1991. Today it bought an Israeli firm for $3.2B and pledged it will continue to operate from Israel. The story of Israels economy in a nutshell, tweeted Israels consul general in New York, Dani Dayan. Addressing his father, who is a Holocaust survivor, at a news conference Monday, Birnbaum said that he was proud that you have seen your Zionist vision come true. PepsiCo to acquire Israels SodaStream for $3.2 billion (JTA)A senior clergy woman in the Episcopal Church of Massachusetts has apologized for comments accusing Israel of fabricated atrocities. During a speech last month to the churchs General Con vention, Bishop Suffragen Gayle Harris claimed that she had witnessed Israeli security forces arrest a 3-year-old on the Temple Mount and shoot a 15-year-old in the back 10 times after making a com ment to a group of soldiers. Harris, the second-highest ranking Episcopal official in the state, later clarified that she had heard the stories from a third party. I was there a couple of years ago on the Temple Mount, Harris said. A three-year-old little boy, a Palestinian with his mother, was bouncing a rubber ball. The ball happened to sort of roll away from him and go over the side down to the Western Wall otherwise known as the Wailing Wall. And immediately, Israeli sol diers camp up to the Temple Mount and attempted to put handcuffs on a three-year-old little boyfor bouncing a rubber ball. In a statement last month accusing the church of com ing close to a blood libel, the Simon Wiesenthal Center noted that there is a high wall surrounding the Temple Mount, making it unlikely that such a small child would be able to bounce a ball high enough for it to reach the Jewish prayer-goers below. A video from the Bostonbased Committee for Accura cy in Middle East Reporting in America, or CAMERA, helped drive the story, and it wrote a letter to Harris. CAMERA also referred to the accusations as a blood libel. In the second case, Harris described how a teenager was walking down the street and asked a group of soldiers a question that they found offensive. He began to run as they threatened him and they shot him in the back four times he fell on the ground and they shot him another six, she said. Harris comments gener ated widespread outrage among members of the local Jewish community. After vo cal opposition from the The Jewish Community Relations Council of Greater Boston and the local branch of the Ameri can Jewish Committee, she issued a statement clarifying her remarks. For my entire adult life I have maintained that the State of Israel must exist, with safe borders and the establish ment of respectful relation ships by and with neighboring countries, she said. I have strongly condemned the ac tions of extremists and bigots against Jewish people in the United States. After reviewing my words in the House of Bishops from a transcription, I now acknowledge that I reported stories which I had heard and unintentionally framed them as though I had personally witnessed the alleged events. I sincerely apologize. I now understand how the framing of my words could and did give the wrong impression. The fault is solely mine I acknowledge also that I did not take the opportunity to verify these stories. I was speaking from my passion for justice for all people, but I was repeating what I received secondhand. I was ill-advised to repeat the stories without verification, and I apologize for doing so. In an accompanying state ment, Bishop Alan Gates, the head of the the diocese and Harris direct superior, acknowledged that for Chris tian leaders to relate unsub stantiated accounts of Israeli violence awakens traumatic memory of a deep history of inciting hostility and violence against Jewsa history the echoes of which are heard alarmingly in our own day. Reaffirming the churchs condemnation of violence on all sides of the PalestinianIsraeli conflict, Gates said that he grieved over the dam age done to our relationships with Jewish friends and col leagues in Massachusetts, and rededicate ourselves to those partnerships, in which we are grateful to face complexities together. In response, the JCRC wrote on Facebook that it welcome[ed] this response from Bishop Harris and we look forward to continued engagement with her, Bishop Gates, and the Episcopal Diocese of MA as we seek to advance our shared goal of a two-state solution. We had a very open con versation. It led to some important soul-searching, JCRC deputy director Nahma Nadich told the Boston Globe. We made sure to have a con versation directly with them, and the apology was issued the next day. We wanted them to understand the centuries of accusations, unfounded ac cusations of violence, which spurred more violence against Jews. The meeting, which al lowed the two sides to repair any rupture in our relation ship, was not the end of the conversation, she said. In a statement emailed to the press, the Simon Wiesen thal Center welcomed Harris apology as a first step. Bishop Harris apology is full-throated, sincere, but incomplete, said the centers associate dean, Rabbi Abra ham Cooper. Bishop Harris now admits that she was not there, but uncritically repeated what she had heard from others, Cooper said. Unfortunately, she has not yet brought herself to state that the two stories were in fact ludicrous fabrications presented to her by Palestinians that defamed the Jewish State. Will she and her Church denounce such a blood libel? Episcopal bishop apologizes after sharing false stories about Israeli atrocities Publication Date: September 7, 2018 Advertising Deadline: August 31, 2018

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PAGE 4A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 Letter from Israel A three-state solution? THE VIEWS EXPRESSED ON THIS PAGE ARE NOT NECESSARILY THE VIEWS OF HERITAGE MANAGEMENT. CENTRAL FLORIDAS INDEPENDENT JEWISH VOICE ISSN 0199-0721 Winner of 46 Press Awards HERITAGE Florida Jewish News (ISN 0199-0721) is published weekly for $37.95 per year to Florida ad dresses ($46.95 for the rest of the U.S.) by HERITAGE Central Florida Jewish News, Inc., 207 OBrien Road, Suite 101, Fern Park, FL 32730. Periodicals postage paid at Fern Park and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes and other correspondence to: HERITAGE, P.O. Box 300742, Fern Park, FL 32730. PHONE NUMBER (407) 834-8787 FAX (407) 831-0507 MAILING ADDRESS P.O. Box 300742 Fern Park, FL 32730 email: news@orlandoheritage.com Editor/Publisher Jeffrey Gaeser Editor Emeritus Associate Editor News Editor Gene Starn Kim Fischer Christine DeSouza Account Executives Kim Fischer Marci Gaeser Contributing Columnists Jim Shipley Mel Pearlman David Bornstein Ed Ziegler Production Department David Lehman Gil Dombrosky Joyce Gore Society Editor Gloria Yousha Office Manager Paulette Alfonso Shipley speaks Nation-state law: Good for the Jews? By Jim Shipley Its an old story and has resonance prob ably only for people of a certain age whose life made it almost necessary to look at everything through the I am a Jew lens. Back in 1969, When I told my 93-year-old immigrant grand mother Bubby! We just landed a man on the moon! She replied, Oh. Is that good for the Jews or bad for the Jews? Well, weve come a ways since then. But, Israel... yeah, Israel. Not as simple as it used to be. When the State became a reality in 1948, Jews around the world rejoiced. We, the People of the Book were back in their land, the land of the Booknever to leave again. Of course, there were those who did not rejoice. Arabs who fled their homes as war loomed. Arabs from around the Middle East who were determined that Jews could never have their own nation back. Various religious sects than never could figure why Jews didnt just convert. Israel had a left wing almost-Socialist gov ernment, a small population, a small army and huge debts. Jews around the world responded. The country grew. It assimilated Jews thrown out of Arab countries after centuries of be ing contributing, patriotic citizens of those countries. It educated its populace, united them under a single language: Hebrew, the language of the Jewish people. When America declared its independence, they sat down and wrote a constitution. And, we have been re-writing it ever since as we have grown and diversified. Israel has no con stitution. It does have a bunch of basic laws. Most of which make great sense for a Jewish country re-establishing itself. Some however, do defy logic and the wishes of the majority of the population. Today, the government of Israel is more right than left. But with the diversity of parties, coalition is the only practical way to get things donean art we have lost in America. Lets see if we can figure out how close Israel is to America. The United States of America is a diverse nationdesigned as such. We needed immigrants. We had to fill an expanding nation with people. So we created the most unique, diverse nation on earth. Israel is diverse. There are Jews there from every corner of the earth. Israel is the land of THE JEWISH PEOPLE. It is not the land of the Orthodox Jew or the Conservative Jew or any other type of specific Jew. It is the land of the JEWISH PEOPLE. That too is open to some type of interpretation. Does that include the black Jews of Ethiopia? The Jews discovered in Northern India? How far back do we have to go? But, as we understand it, there is some DNA work that has proven the validity of these claims from various corners of the world. So, we have a history thousands of years older than the U.S. And, it makes sense that our people, having been sent into a Diaspora, would turn up in some wildly diverse corners. But, once they are there and their Jewish roots have been verified they are citizens of the Jewish Nation. Israel as we said, has a language. So, under the new law, Hebrew is the official language. The U.S. has a language: A form of English. Not original, but it works. Do the people of Israel speak different languages? Of course. There is Arabic and Druze and English and Spanish and Russian and ... but as in the U.S., eventually as generations change, everybody will be speaking Hebrew. The early Jewish immigrants to America from Eastern Europe spoke Yiddish. Their culture was built around it. From the food they ate to the newspapers they read to the radio to which they listened. Their children spoke Yiddish in the home and English on the street. In many homes the same pattern emerges today. In Spanish speaking homes, in Arabic speaking homes, in Moroccan homeswell, you get the idea. So, the similarity between our young nation and the much older yet newer nation of Israel are apparent. There is one huge difference: In America there is total freedom of religion and religion has no place in government. In Israel? Well... lets save that for another time. By Ira Sharkansky It appears that the split between Gaza and the West Bank is serious. Theres a line of cul ture between us and them that keeps us from knowing whats occurring. We do know that the Fatah of Mahmoud Abbas is out of touch with the Hamas that controls Gaza. We dont know more, but theres speculation that it is or isnt a matter of Abbas stubbornness. Hes in his mid-80s, and ill, and there are several competitors for his job. One or more may have connections with Gaza. Hamas appears to be dominant in Gaza. Its competitors include several groups even more radical; and there are lots of Gazans who seem primarily concerned with earning a living. So, at least for the time being, it appears that Gaza and the West Bank have been apart for long enough to develop their own inner cement. Qatar has stepped up to provide the money seeded to pay for whats imported to Gaza from Israel. There are two claimants on Palestine. Were a long way from Israel recognizing any claimant. But given that there are two of them, it appears as wise to bet on three states rather than two in this little cluster. For the time being, things will remain pretty much as they are. Israelis will quarrel about the return of two bodies and two live prison ers, without dealing with the Hamas demand that prisoners released in exchange for Gilad Shalit and captured again be released. There are also issues involved in the expectation of a Gazan port in Cyprus, with Israeli inspection of what passes through, and lots of details to be dealt with over an improvement of condi tions in Gaza. Commentators are wondering if the overall deal will hold together. At the least, there will be demands by Gazan extremists to realize their feelings against Israel. And probably pressures from whoever gains control in the West Bank to unite with Gaza, along with efforts of Hamas to improve its situation in the West Bank. Not far away are the aspirations of Donald Trump and whatever plans there are to an nounce and implement his favored solution for Palestine and Israel. Chances are that Gaza will save Israel from having to accept any kind of solution for Pal estine, while Abbas dithers in the West Bank, and Egypt plus Qatar do what they can to keep Gaza peaceful. Yet another issue capable of affecting a three-state solution is whatever happens to Israels First Family. Currently the police are said to have finished with their inquiries into Bibis roles in Cases #1, #2, and #4, and are about to summarize their findings. They are concerned with his receiving goodies from rich supporters, his effort to moderate the coverage received from Yedioth Aharonoth, and manipulations involving Israels telephone company. The police summaries will take a few months. And somewhere in the planning is an indictment against Sara. Were told thatll come down after the holidays. After the police present their conclusions about Bibi, the prosecutor will take some months to review the material. That may bring us into 2019, and whatever happens in an election. Few are expecting the present deal with Gaza to last that long. But for the time being, that is what we may have. However, Israel closed one of its border crossings due to organized protests by Gazans. Whether this is a con tinuing problem, or more simply a hitch in arrangements, is not clear. Were hearing of one group in Gaza not happy with what seems to be the deal with Israel, and that the cluster around Hamas wont be deciding until after the Muslim holiday that occurs over four days in the middle of this week. Then are our holidays, beginning in the second week of September and lasting for the better part of a month. There remain problems among Israelis as well as among Palestinians. There are those who demand a more aggressive stance with respect to Gaza, as well as those willing to go along with the governments efforts to arrange something of a deal. And unknown numbers who dont know, and probably dont care. Comments welcome. irashark@gmail.com. By Caroline Glick The ceasefire negotiations between Israel and the Hamas terror groups regime in Gaza point to a central truth about the nature of the Palestinian conflict with Israel. Before anyone speaks any more about a possible deal of the century, or a two-state solution, it is imperative that the implications of those talks be fully understood. The ceasefire talks are being held between the sides of two separate international coali tions. On the one side are Israel, the U.S., and Egypt. On the other side are Hamas, Qatar, and Turkey. The party that has been most notably ab sent from the discussions is the Palestinian Authority. The PA, which was formed in 1994 in the framework of talks between the Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel, is charged with running the Palestinian autonomous areas that Israel transferred to PLO control. Until June 2007, that included the Gaza Strip and the Palestinian population centers in Judea and Samaria. In 2006, the PA held elections to its legis lative council. Hamas won. In 2007, Hamas forcibly ejected the PA from Gaza and set up its own terror regime, which has ruledwith public supportever since. The PLO is an umbrella organization that includes several aligned Palestinian terror groups. Fatah, which was established by Yas ser Arafat in 1958, is the largest faction of the PLO. Until his death in 2004, Arafat headed Fatah, the PLO and the PA. His successor, Mahmoud Abbas, similarly sits at the helm of all three groups. Since it was established in 1964, the PLO has insisted that it is the sole legitimate rep resentative of the Palestinians. Since the PA was established in 1994, the PLO has sought to convince Hamas, the Muslim-Brotherhoods Palestinian terror affiliate, to join its ranks. Although Hamas and Fatah have negotiated multiple unity deals since then, many of which involved Hamas joining the PLO, none of the deals was ever fully implemented. Since Hamas ousted Fatah forces from Gaza, on the ground, PA/Fatah has served as Hamass financier and diplomatic representative. It has used the internationally-funded PA budget to pay for Hamass regime in Gaza. Abbass PLO representative Azzam al-Ahmad served as the chief Palestinian negotiator in ceasefire talks that brought an end to Hamass 50 day war against Israel in 2014. The PLOs international delegations represented Hamass positions in forums like the UN. The PA/Fatah was apparently blindsided by the current round of ceasefire discussions. In these discussions, being carried out indirectly with Israel through several different mediators, Hamas is not using the PA to represent it. And this makes sense. To show his frustration with Hamass refusal to cede control over Gaza to the PA in any significant way, in April 2017, Abbas stopped paying Hamass electricity bills. He also stopped transferring money for salaries to the Hamas regime in April 2018. Given the acrimony between the two sides, it is little wonder that Hamas, uninterested in ceding its power, decided to represent itself in its ceasefire negotiations. Abbas stubbornly refuses to accept his growing irrelevance. Rather than trying to maneuver himself into a senior negotiating role, Abbas has boycotted the talks. He has soured his relations with the Sisi regime in Egypt, byamong other thingsrefusing to meet with Egyptian President Abdel Fatah el-Sisis intelligence chief, Abbas Kamel, who is overseeing ceasefire negotiations with Hamas. Until a few weeks ago, Sisi was Abbass stron gest supporter. He accepted Abbass demand that Fatah reassert its control over Gaza in any ceasefire deal. But Abbass recalcitrance and contempt for Sisis regime have brought relations to a low point. Sisi, like Israel, believes it is more urgent to prevent another war than empower the feckless Fatah leader. Abbass behavior has also won him the contempt of several PLO factions. While Fatah boycotts the Cairo talks, almost every other PLO faction is participating in them. The participation of the likes of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine in the talks shows that Abbass long-held plan to incorporate Hamas into the PLO has been turned on its head. The PLO is joining Hamas. And this brings us to the main reality that the current ceasefire talks expose. Since Hamas took over Gaza 11 years ago, the U.S., Egypt, and Israel have believed to varying degrees that Gaza is a sideshow. The main story is Judea and Samaria. Like all previous U.S. peace proposals, Trumps deal of the century is reportedly focused on Judea and Samaria and the PA, not on Gaza and Hamas. But the ceasefire discussions have shown that Gaza and Hamas are the only game in town. Since Israel removed all of its civilians and military forces from Gaza in 2005 and abandoned the area, Gaza has been an en tirely independent Palestinian territory. It has international borders with Israel and Egypt. It has a population it controls. It is a Palestinian state in everything but name. On the other hand, in Judea and Samaria, there is a Palestinian autonomy inside a larger area controlled by Israel. As Abbas said in a speech Saturday panning the ceasefire talks, There is no state in Gaza and an autonomy in the West Bank, and we will not accept this. We will never accept the separation of Gaza [from the West Bank]. What Abbas left out was that the reason the Palestinians do not have a state in Judea and Samaria is because the PA/Fatah, under both Arafat and Abbas, rejected multiple Israel and U.S offers of statehood. There is no Palestinian state in Judea and Samaria because the PLO/ Fatah/PLO doesnt want one. Which brings us back to the Hamas state in Gaza. Abbas also said, Either we take responsi bility for the West Bank and Gaza under one state, one regime, one law, and one weapons, or Hamas will take responsibility [for the West Bank]. The situation in Gaza proves that is a lie. The options arent Fatah or Hamas. They are Israel or Hamas. Hamas-Israel ceasefire talks show peace impossible Glick on page 14A

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 PAGE 5A By Andrew Silow-Carroll (JTA)In the Trump era, even the deporting of Nazis cant bring Americans to gether. A number of Jewish organi zations and lawmakers were quick to thank the Trump administration for deporting Jakiw Palij, a former SS guard at the Nazis Trawnicki con centration camp in Poland. But they werent as quick as the administration itself, whose news release Monday announcing the deportation was explicit in commending President Donald Trump for making Palijs expulsion a priority while noting that past administrations were unsuccessful in removing Palij. Today, @realDon aldTrump got the job done! White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders tweeted. Presidents are seldom shy in taking credit where credit is due, and in this case it is certainly due: Palij lied about his Nazi past when he entered the country in 1949 and became a citizen in 1957. He later admitted that he was trained by the SS and served as an armed guard at the adjacent Trawniki forcedlabor camp, where Jews were shot en masse (Trawnikis functions shifted over the course of the war). Even if his role was only to prevent their escape, that constitutes a war crime. ABC News reported that Trump told U.S. Ambassador to Germany Richard Gren ell to make Palijs deportation his No. 1 priority when he got to Berlin, which had to agree to take the deportee. But nothing escapes po liticization in these polarized times, and Mondays an nouncement was no excep tion. Critics of Immigration and Customs Enforcement pointed out that the an nouncement arrived only hours after a special ceremony at the White House honoring the agency. These critics said the timing was intended to deflect the intense scrutiny of the agencys aggressive tactics in removing undocumented immigrants, regardless of their criminal records. Some Democrats have called for abolishing ICE and refocusing immigration enforcement ef forts only on undocumented immigrants who come to the attention of law enforcement. My father denaturalized and deported Nazis for a living and he didnt need a xenophobic goon squad to do it, tweeted BuzzFeed reporter Joe Bernstein, whose father, Mike, served as assistant deputy director of the Office of Special Investigations, the Justice Departments Nazihunting unit. The men and women of OSI would be dis gusted by using deportations as a political stunt. Palijs deportation was ordered in 2004, the hold-up had to do with him being state less, and past admins removed dozens of original Nazis, all of whom are now very old or dead, journalist Jonathan M. Katz tweeted. [I]t is not hard to see a malign political motive in the White Houses press campaign surrounding the deportation, Josh Marshall of the liberal Talking Points Memo wrote. Republicans seized on the Palij announcement, mean while, to defend the agency and the president. Thank you @ICEgov for apprehending an ACTUAL Nazi & deporting him. This would be a good occasion for radical Democrats to recon sider their ill-advised attacks [on] brave @ICEgov officers, tweeted Sen. Tom Cotton, R-Ark., one of ICEs most Deportation of Nazi ignites a fight between right and leftyoure surprised? outspoken proponents in the Senate. His use of ACTUAL presumably referred to some left-wing attacks comparing ICE officers to Nazis. Conservative provocateur Glenn Beck took a similar tack. ICE deports White Nazi? I thought they were white supremacists? Facts can be stubborn things, he tweeted. James Hasson, a law stu dent and frequent contributor to the conservative media, tweeted: ICE arresting and deporting an actual Nazi la bor camp guard seems a tad inconvenient for the whole ICE is a bunch of literal Nazis narrative. Beyond the political score keeping, some observers sought to make some substan tive points. Marshall also wanted to talk policy, not politics, specifical ly about whether aggressive attempts to strip the citizen ship of naturalized citizens violates a tradition that treats all citizens the same. Few of us would dis agree that former Nazis who participated in war crimes should not be given refuge or citizenship in the U.S., Marshall wrote. But denaturalization is extreme and fraught device which should be employed only in the most extreme circum stances. Whether you agree or not, Marshalls argument cant be reduced to a tweet. So it is unlikely that anyone will pay attention. By Jonathan S. Tobin (JNS)In the interna tional hit Israeli TV series Fauda, the head of the Palestinian Authority security service is a fictional character named Abu Maher. Played by Qader Harini, an Arab actor from eastern Jerusalem, Abu Maher is reconciled to peace and coexistence, and therefore willing to cooperate with the Israelis to combat Islamist terror. In an episode of the shows second season (this is not a spoiler for the main plot line, so you can keep reading even if you havent watched the series), Abu Maher takes his sona student who sympa thizes with Hamasto lunch on the Jaffa beach inside Israel. He tells the youngster to look at the skyscrapers of neighboring Tel Aviv. Those mighty buildings and the industry, creativity, power and wealth they represent, he says, show the permanence of Israel. The Jews are interested in life rather than death, and since they cant be defeated, Abu Maher believes that the Palestinians must choose peace. Im sure Im far from the only audience member who saw that scene and pondered what life would be like if the actual head of the P.A. was someone like the fictional Abu Maher, instead of Mahmoud Abbas or the other real-life Fatah functionaries who are still fixated on the century-old war against Zionism (in which they have yet to admit defeat). With such a person leading the Palestinians, a two-state solu tion might indeed be possible. I thought of that episode when I read a recent con troversial article in Haaretz by Ori Mark arguing that it wasnt too late for two states. Though its statistics were questionable, it made the case that is still possible to draw a border between a viable Palestinian state in the West Bank that would leave most Jewish settlements inside Israel. His map would leave about 46,000 Jews in isolated communities that would need to be evacuated in order to implement the scheme. To make it sound less daunting, Mark calculated that meant evicting only 9,800 families. Put that way, the idea sounds vaguely doable, even if the memory of the traumatic evacuation of far fewer Jews from their homes in Gaza in 2005 is still fresh in the minds of Israelis. The proposal set off a debate with some of Marks fellow leftists lamenting that the large numbers of settlers and the political strength of their supporters makes the notion of throwing that many Jews out of their homes unimagi nable. Similarly, some on the right were just as dismissive of the proposal since they believe that the two-state solution is already a dead letter, and that the movement to establish Israeli sovereignty over the territories is headed towards inevitable victory. But the problem with the arguments of Mark and his critics is thatlike so much of the debate about potential borders that has raged in the last 25 years since the Oslo Accordsthey both largely ignore the main obstacle to peace: the Palestinians. The Haaretz piece was right about two things. One is a non-starter: the idea that Israel can be forced back to the 1967 lines, and all of the settlements in Judea and Samaria, as well as Jewish neighborhoods in Jerusalem built over the so-called green line, demolished. Though many Arabsand what re mains of the once politically powerful Israeli left and their foreign sympathizersmay still think such a scenario is possible, the notion that hundreds of thousands of Jews and their communities can be uprooted is not realistic. The settlement blocs and post1967 Jerusalem will stay in place in any conceivable plan for peace. But Marks article was also correct when he noted that the government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has more or less frozen the number of settlements in place over the course of the last decade, rather than (as his critics constantly allege) vastly expanding them and thereby rendering two states impossible. The border Mark draws with long and narrow cor ridors linking settlements to the rest of Israel, and a barely contiguous Palestinian state, seems crazy. So is the idea of sending the army into the 33 isolated communities that Mark envisions being left behind in a Palestinian state to drag approximately 46,000 people out of their homes. But if ordered to do it, I believe the Israel Defense Forces would accomplish the task, even if the cost in terms of civil peace and even potential casualties on both sides would not be cheap. Yet that would only be pos Fauda and the two-state scenario By Mordechai Kedar (JNS)Much has been published against the new Israeli basic law: Israel as the nation-state of the Jewish People. Many, both in Israel and abroad, ask: Why is it necessary? How can it com port with democracy? Where does it leave minorities, particularly Muslim-Arabs, who make up some 20% of the Israeli population? In order to understand the need for the new Nation-State law, we must understand the challenges to Israels exis tence in the Middle East. First of all, there is the religious aspect. According to Islam, Judaism and Christianity are din al-batel (religions of falsehood) while only Islam is din al-haqq (religion of truth). Judaism has been null and void ever since Islam came to the world, so there is no reason to establish a Jewish state. In addition, according to Islam, Jews (and Christians) should live under Islamic rule as dhimmis (protected as long as they behave according to the rules of Islam) and pay the Jizya out of hand while they are utterly subdued (Koran 9:29). Thus, Jews have no right to a state, army, or police, and should live in a state of perpetual humiliation at the mercy of Muslims. Next is the national as pect. The fact that Israel is the nation-state of the Jewish People is rejected by all of Israels Arab neighbors without exception. Consider, for instance, Article 20 of the Palestinian National Charter, which says (with my inter pretations in italics): The Mandate for Palestine, and everything that has been based upon it (international decisions to establish a Jewish State) are deemed null and void. Claims of historical or religious ties of Jews with Palestine are incompatible with the facts of history and the true conception of what constitutes statehood (there is no Jewish history in the Holy Land). Judaism, being a religion, is not an independent nationality. Nor do Jews constitute a single nation with an identity of its own; they are citizens of the states to which they belong. (Therefore we Jews should leave our forefathers land and go back to Po land [Auschwitz], Germany [Dachau], Iraq, Morocco...) The new law is meant to make it as clear as possible that the Jews are a nation. As the new law states, The Land of Israel is the historical homeland of the Jewish peo ple in which the State of Israel was established; the State of Israel is the national home of the Jewish people in which it fulfills its natural, cultural, religious and historical right to self-determination; and the right to exercise national self-determination in the State of Israel is unique to the Jewish people. Just as Italy is the nationstate of the Italian people and France is the nation-state of the French people, Israel is the nation-state of the Jew ish People. There are, nevertheless, Israeli Jews who oppose the Nation-State Law for various reasons. The first is a politi cal reason: Because many on the left side of the political map do not like Benjamin Netanyahu in general, they oppose everything he and his coalition do as a matter of course. The more important rea son is what has happened since the 1990s, when Aharon Barak was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Starting in 1992, Barak focused on ad vancing and shaping Israels Constitutional Revolution (a phrase he coined), prefer ring and advancing human rights at the expense of the Jewish character of the state. The best example of this revolution was what hap pened with the Arab al-Ard Movement, the aim of which was to abolish Israels Jewish nature (i.e., subvert the State of Israel). Al-Ard tried to run for the Knesset (the Israeli Parliament) in 1965 but was rejected by the Supreme Court. Thirty-one years later, in 1996, the Supreme Court under Barak allowed the Balad party to run for Knesset although it had and still has a similar platform to that of al-Ard in the 1960s. Israel also has its share of multicultural acolytes who naturally oppose the law. When Israelis see the dam age wrought on Europe by multiculturalism, they want to ensure that they are as far removed as possible from this Why Israel needs the nation-state law Fauda on page 15A Nation-state on page 15A

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PAGE 6A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 LIGHT SHABBAT CANDLES AT A COMPREHENSIVE COMMUNITY CALENDAR Whats Happening For inclusion in the Whats Happening Calendar, copy must be sent on sepa rate sheet and clearly marked for Calendar. Submit copy via: e-mail (news@ orlandoheritage.com); mail (P.O. Box 300742, Fern Park, FL 32730-0742); fax (407-831-0507); or drop it by the office (207 OBrien Rd., Ste. 101, Fern Park) Deadline is Wednesday noon, 10 days prior to publication. AUGUST 31 7:29 p.m. SEPT. 1 7:21 p.m. MAIL SUBSCRIPTION TO: Name ___________________________________________________ Address _________________________________________________ City/State/Zip _____________________________________________ Phone _________________________________ # ____________________________________________ expiration date __________________________________ Name _______________________________ Address _____________________________ ________________________ Phone _______________________________ YES! I want to be informed. Start my subscription at once. Please: enter extend my subscription for: 1 year at $37.95 52 issues 2 years at $69.95 104 issues 1 year out-of-state at $46.95 or 2 years out-of-state at $87.95 P.O. Box 300742 (407) 834-8787 Its inexcusable! My week is not complete without it! Im lost without it! I cant live without it! How in the world am I supposed to know whats going on? What are you missing out on?... Subscribe today! These are some of the comments we receive from readers when they miss an issue of Heritage Florida Jewish News Quote of the Week The nation-state law is meant to ensure that Israel is not sacrificed on the very same altar on which Europe is committing suicide. Dr. Mordechai Kedar 71. Divider of 17Across 72. Role for Desi Down 1. Rule opposed by Gandhi 2. Showing excitement, e.g. 3. What a teen might die of 4. Bridge of Spies actor Alan 5. Provides new weapons 6. Canal zone? 7. 1912 painter of Picasso 8. Where Torah survived and thrived after 70 AD 9. Green shampoo 10. Guam, e.g.: Abbr. 11. Float alternatives 12. Theres a new one almost every week 13. King of Israel until 870 BCE 18. US security org. 23. Many are not for 61-Across 24. Tribal land to the east of 17-Across, once 26. Early Pierre Cardin em ployer 28. Doing nothing 29. Thurman of The Aveng ers 31. On the rocks 33. All tuckered out 36. Give ___ minute 37. Sixth sense, for short 39. Not another word! 40. Hoover and Boulder, e.g. 42. Write hastily, with down 43. Burdensome 44. Where Starbucks was founded 47. Afro-___ languages 48. Backyard basking spot 49. See 17-Across 51. Leafy shelters 52. Jeopardy! question 54. The river, in Mexico 56. Kinsler who recently joined the Sox 60. Kind of ball 62. Indian dress 63. Pricey Big Apple sch. 64. A Rubble, when squared 65. Harris and Burns 66. Beam of light See answers on page 14A. Across 1. Israeli juice chain 6. Locale of 38-Across 11. Place for some me time 14. Whack-___ (its often next to 60-Down) 15. Words before breed or treat 16. ___ in Ulysses 17. 42-Across used the 49Down to cross it 19. See 17-Across 20. Big lobby in D.C. 21. They often accompany a hot mess 22. Longtime NBC show 23. Radical group of the 60s, for short 24. ___ hanasheh (forbidden nerve) 25. Nuts 27. Divider of 17-Across 30. Pledges 32. Jew ending 34. Daniel interpreted one 35. She played Jane in 1997 36. Item in a bucket 37. Divider of 17-Across 38. 71-Across led the Israelites through it 41. See 38-Across 42. Divider of 17-Across 45. Shabbat (in)activity 46. Challenger org. 50. ___ Hashem 51. 20s dispenser 52. Not allowed in Israel? 53. 71-Across to 42-Across and 27-Across to 37-Across 55. Wear wool and linen to gether, e.g. 57. Octopuss defense 58. 1 or 66, abbr. 59. Weight abbr. 61. Current civil war president 63. Just kidding! (sarcasti cally) 64. Sign of labor...or a hint to this puzzles theme 67. He played Pharaoh 68. Ran, on TV 69. Scholarly Dr. Brown 70. Bring into play Challenging puzzle Splitters by Yoni Glatt koshercrosswords@gmail.com MORNING AND EVENING MINYANS (Call synagogue to confirm time.) Chabad of South OrlandoMonday Friday, 8 a.m. and 10 minutes before sunset; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 8:15 a.m., 407-354-3660. Congregation Ahavas YisraelMonday Friday, 7:30 a.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 9 a.m., 407-644-2500. Congregation Chabad Lubavitch of Greater DaytonaMonday, 8 a.m.; Thursday, 8 a.m., 904672-9300. Congregation Ohev ShalomSunday, 9 a.m., 407-298-4650. GOBOR Community Minyan at Jewish Academy of OrlandoMondayFriday, 7:45 a.m.8:30 a.m. Temple IsraelSunday, 9 a.m., 407-647-3055. FRIDAY, AUGUST 31 Ahavas YisraelKabbalat, 30 minutes before sundown. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1 Torah PortionKi Tavo: Deuteronomy 26:129:8; Haftarah: Isaiah 60:1-22. SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 2 The Holocaust Memorial, Resource & Education CenterExhibit: Heroes of Warsaw, illustra tions of Bill Farnsworth that highlight the courage of Irena Sendler and Janusz Korczak. On exhibit through Dec. 28. JSU Kickoff EventJoin with teens from seven high schools for a Virtual Reality even, noon2:30 p.m. at 9101 International Dr., #1032 in Orlando. $12 per person. Refreshments will be served. Info: Daniel, 516-426-8484 or dnabatian@joinorlando.org. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 3 Israeli Folk Dancing7:30-8:15 p.m. instruction, 8:15-10 p.m., requests. Cost: Free for JCC members, $7 nonmembers. Info: 407-645-5933. Congregation Beth AmMommy and Me class with Cantor Nina Fine, 10 a.m.-11:30 a.m. $7 per family; free for CBA members Info: 407-862-3505. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4 JOIN OrlandoTorah Tuesdays, 7:30 p.m. No charge. More information email rabbig@joinor lando.org. Orlando HadassahMeeting, 11:30 a.m. with guest Mark Stone who will present Mentalmania.Couvert $14. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 5 Temple IsraelLunch & Learn with Rabbi Neely, noon1 p.m. A parashat discussion class. Open to the public, no RSVP needed. Info: 407-647-3055. SPARKLunch and Learn, 12:45 p.m.1:45 p.m. Join Jewish women and explore the relevance of the weekly Torah portion within modern-day life, with free lunch at 954 S. Orlando Ave., Winter Park. Info: Sarah Gittleson at sgittleson@joinorlando.org. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 6 Grief SupportJFS Orlando and The Jewish Pavilion, in cooperation with The Hospice of the Comforter and VITAS Healthcare, host a gridf support group, 11 a.m.-12:30 p.m. at Congrega tion Ohev Shalom, 613 Concourse Pkwy S., Maitland. Registration: call 407-644-7593, ext. 247. $5 per session contribution suggested. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 7 Ahavas YisraelKabbalat, 30 minutes before sundown. JFS Orlando and The Jewish Pavilion, in coop eration with The Hospice of the Comforter and VITAS Healthcare, host a grief sup port group, 11 a.m.-12:30 p.m. at Congregation Ohev Shalom, 613 Concourse Pkwy S., Maitland. Registration: call 407-644-7593, ext. 247. $5 per session contribution suggested. Grief Support

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 PAGE 7A Rashida Tlaib appearing on MSNBCs Morning Joe, August 2018. By Ron Kampeas WASHINGTON (JTA) Rashida Tlaib, the Democratic nominee in a surefire congres sional district comprising parts of Detroit, believes in a one-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and says she would vote against military assistance for Israel. Does she represent a trend? Republicans would like you to think so. This is the Democrat (sic) party, the Republican Jewish Coalition tweeted, attached to a story about Tlaibs view on military aid. Is Tlaib indeed the future of the Democratic Party or an outlier? Democrats are more sharply critical of Israel. Its true that Democrats have become more critical of Israel. A breaking point in the relationship was the March 2015 address by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Ne tanyahu to Congress opposing President Barack Obamas Iran policy. Most Democrats did not see eye to eye with Israel over how to stop Iran from becoming nuclear. But frus tration with Netanyahu over his pugnaciousness and disagreements with a Democratic president led, some would say freed, many Democrats to criticize Israels policies regard ing the Palestinians. That was exacerbated by Netan yahus unabashed embrace of President Donald Trump, who pulled out of the Iran nuclear deal and moved the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem. In July, 70 Democrats in the U.S. House of Representa tivesmore than a third of the caucussigned a letter urging humanitarian relief for the Gaza Strip, blaming An avowed one-stater is about to be elected to Congressis this the future of the Democratic Party? Sanders has since become the main address for Israel criticism within the party. His office has released three videos sharply critical of Israel since the March launch of Palestinian protests on Israels border with Gaza. But Tlaib remains alone in her positions. Sanders has also defended Israel on the left, rejecting the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement tar geting Israel last year in an interview on Al Jazeera. J Street, the liberal Jew ish Middle East policy group whose overarching issue is two states, endorses more than half of the Democratic caucus in both chambers. It pulled its endorsement of Tlaib after her post-primary both Israel and Hamas for the crisis. That letter, in turn, referred to a May letter signed by 13 Democrats in the Senate out of 49that used the same language to say Hamas and Israel were responsible for the suffering of Palestinians in Gaza. Bernie Sanders has become an address for Israel criticism. The Senate letter was initiated by Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., the Jewish candidate who ran a surpris ingly strong campaign in 2016 for the Democratic presiden tial nomination. (Notably, the Israeli-American media mogul Haim Saban, a major pro-Israel Democratic bene factor, blasted the senators for signing on.) In that campaign, Sanders set the stage for Israel-related factionalism within the party when he directly challenged Hillary Clinton on Israel is sues in a debate on the eve of the New York primary. In the debate, Sanders used Clintons favorable reception at the recent American Israel Public Affairs Committee con ferences as a dig against her. You gave a major speech to AIPAC, which obviously deals with the Middle East crisis, and you barely mentioned the Palestinians, he said. A decade ago, a major candidate using AIPAC to ding a rival would have been unimaginable. revelation that she opposes aid to Israel and backs a onestate solution. Like many proponents of an independent state for Pales tinians side by side with Israel, J Street rejects any solution that would threaten Israels identity as a democracy and a Jewish homeland. Tlaib on page 13A tooj ays.com | rffrntbTradition never tasted so delicious. See restaurant or our website for complete menu.

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PAGE 8A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 Alexa Lindsay Zazik and Alexander Stuart Bourne Announcement Engagement Mr. And Mrs. Errol Zazik of Coral Springs and Mr. And Mrs. R.J. Stuart Bourne of Apopka are delighted to announce the engagement of their children, Alexa Zazik and Alexander Bourne. Alexa is a speech pathologist at Northwest Elementary School in Tampa. She received her bachelors degree in communication sciences and disorders from Florida State University and her masters degree from the University of South Florida. Alex is a transportation development associate at RS&H in Tampa. He received his bachelors and mas ters degrees in civil engineering from the University of South Florida. The couple resides in Tampa with their puppy, Milo. By Josefin Dolsten (JTA)Dafna Michaelson Jenet traces her political career back to conversations around the Shabbat table as a 14-year-old. She remembers hearing her parents and their friends discuss the challenges facing Cincin nati, where they were living. But the conversations would quickly be forgotten once the day of rest came to an end. I was distressed by this because I truly believed that they had the answer to the problems that I cared strongly about, that were plaguing our community, and they didnt fix them, Jenet said. That feeling led Jenet, now 45, to resolve not to complain about problems unless she was willing to solve them, a promise she calls a driving factor in her life. After a career in nonprofit organizations and a yearlong trip around the country, which she documented in a book, the promise led her to local politics in Colorado, where she currently lives. In 2016, she was elected to the Colorado House of Repre sentatives as a Democrat with the endorsement of President Barack Obama. Last week, Obama again endorsed her, along with 80 other Demo crats, ahead of the November midterm elections. Jenets legislative focus is on helping struggling youth, Sophia Laster Dafna Michaelson Jenet says her experiences in BBYO and Hadassah gave her the underpinnings I needed to be a legislator. How Judaism and a yearlong trip around the country inspired a run for office Another challenge to her faith came when after divorc ing her first husband, she fell in love with a non-Jewish man. Jenet remembers visit ing the Western Wall during a trip to Israel and asking God for clarity. Why do you put this man in my life who isnt Jewish and is the best thing that ever happened to me? Clearly hes my bashert, she remembers saying. The two eventually ended up marrying, though the decision led to several fam ily members cutting ties with her. Today, Jenet is involved with two Conservative syna gogues, the Hebrew Educa tional Alliance in Denver and Congregation Bonai Shalom in Boulder. She calls her hus band the greatest enabler of my faith. Prior to entering politics, Jenet worked as director of the Holocaust Awareness Institute at the University of Denver and, before mov ing to Colorado with her first husband, ran March of the Living for the Board of Jewish Education of Greater New York. While working for March of the Living, she ended up taking Jared Kushner, then 17 years old, on one of its pilgrimages to Auschwitz. He was amazing, he was adorable, she said. He really liked our kids from Denver, he ended up dating one for a little while, and when he married Ivanka and all of this stuff, quite frankly Im like Oh no, Jared, she said. Jenet says that being part of a political campaign in 2016, when Hillary Clinton ran for president, was an unbelievable time to run for office and be a woman. Under the Trump adminis tration, she is focused on pro tecting rights for Colorado residents that she believes could be at risk, including womens reproductive rights. I am really grateful that I am elected to serve in a state legislature, and we are authorized under the 10th Amendment to do what we need to do to run our state, she said. That means that if I see something coming down the pipe that I think is going to be harmful to my citizens, I can run a bill to protect them. a passion that stems from the challenges faced by her son, Eitan, 16. He struggles with a severe learning disability but was unable to qualify for an individualized education plan in school, a setback that Jenet believes contributed to his attempted suicide at age 9. I knew that I had the ac cess, the privilege, the means to be able to get my son the help he needed, and I was still failing my son, failing him so much that he wanted to end his life, she told JTA in a phone interview Tuesday. Through volunteering at juvenile correction facili ties, Jenet came in contact with boys who faced similar problems but had far fewer resources available to them than her son. Who was fighting for them? Ultimately when I was asked to run for this seat, I realized that I could make such a significant difference for children like my son and that I could work to end youth incarceration, she said. Jenet has introduced a number of bills to help young people in her state, including to allow children as young as 12 to obtain confidential mental health services. Other measures expand access to free school lunches and pro vide sexual abuse prevention training to early childhood providers. Her journey to politics was a roundabout one. In 2008, she decided to quit her job at a Denver hospital in order to travel America and meet with people who were making a difference in their commu nities. Each week she visited a new state. Her subjects ranged from Alfred Tibor, a well-known sculptor who cre ated art to commemorate the Holocaust, to a woman in a small community in Alabama who started an afterschool program to keep local youth from becoming involved in gun violence. Jenet filmed the encoun ters and wrote about them on a blog. No matter what they looked like, what they sound ed like, how much money or education they had, I [felt I] could show people that they had the power to solve the problems in their communi ties, she said. The project caught the attention of writer Maya An gelou, who interviewed her on the Oprah Radio Show. Jenet also spoke about her journey on CBS Sunday Morning. In 2015, as Jenet was work ing on a book about her trip, she ran into a local politician who suggested she run for office. A year later she de feated Republican incumbent JoAnn Windholz by an eight percent margin. Jenet was born in Tel Aviv, and her parents moved to the United States when she was a baby. She grew up in an Orthodox household, but struggled with her religious identity. Jenet felt more at home in non-Orthodox Jewish settings and said her experi ences in BBYO and Hadassah gave her the underpinnings I needed to be a legislator. Maitland 9001 N. Orlando Avenue Maitland, FL 32751 Jewish Graveside Package: Service of Funeral Director and Staff Sacred Burial Shroud Filing all Necessary Paperwork $200.00 to Chevra Kaddish Society donation for washing Traditional Jewish Flat Top Pine Casket Staff Supervison of Service at Graveside Transportation to Cemetery $4595.00 407-695-CARE (2273) www. DeGusipeFuneralHome.com Sanford 905 Laurel Avenue Sanford, FL 32771 West Orange 1400 Matthew Paris Blvd Ocoee, FL 34761 Call us to receive your free Final Wishes Organizer!

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 PAGE 9A can be purchased at the following locations: Scene Around Scene Around By Gloria YoushaCall 407-657-9405 or gloriayousha@gmail.com ORANGE COUNTY JCC 851 N. Maitland Ave., Maitland JCC South 11184 South Apopka-Vineland Rd., Orlando Kinneret 515 South Delaney Ave., Orlando SOJC 11200 S. Apopka Vineland Rd., Orlando Browns New York Deli 156 Lake Ave., Maitland Most Publix Supermarkets All Winn Dixie Supermarkets SEMINOLE COUNTY Heritage News 207 OBrien Rd., Fern Park Barnes and Noble Booksellers 451 E. Altamonte Dr. Suite 2317, Altamonte Springs & 1260 Oviedo Marketplace Blvd., Oviedo Bagel King 1472 Semoran Blvd., Casselberry Kosher Kats 744 W. S.R. 434, Longwood Central Florida Hillel 4250 Alafaya Trail, Ste. 212-363, Oviedo Most Publix Supermarkets All Winn Dixie Supermarkets VOLUSIA COUNTY Federation of Volusia/Flagler 470 Andalusia Ave., Ormond Beach Most Publix Supermarkets All Winn Dixie Supermar kets Barnes & Noble 1900 W. International Speedway Blvd., Daytona Beach Perrys Ocean Edge Resort 2209 South Atlantic Ave. Daytona Beach Debary City Hall Debary Library Vienna Coffee House 275 Charles Richard Beall Bl Starbucks 2575 Enterprise Rd Orange City City Hall Orange City Library Dunkin Donuts 1296 S Woodland Stetson University Carlton Union Deland Chamber of Commerce Sterling House 1210 Stone St Temple Israel 1001 E New York Ave Beth Shalom 1310 Maximillan St Deltona City Hall Deltona Library Temple Shalom 1785 Elkam Dr. Temple Israel 1001 E New York Ave, Deland College Arms Apt 101 Amelia Ave, Deland Boston Gourmet Coffee House 109 E. New York Ave, Deland Stetson University Carlton Union 421 N Woodland Ave, Deland Family Bookstore 1301 N Woodland Ave, Deland Deland Chamber of Commerce 336 Woodland Ave, Deland Deland City Hall 120 S Florida Ave, Deland Beth Shalom 206 S. Sprng Garden Ave, Deland Orange City Library 148 Albertus Way, Orange City Boston Gourmet Coffee House 1105 Saxon Blvd, Deltona Deltona Library 2150 Eustace Ave, Deltona Temple Shalom 1785 Elkam Dr., Deltona Deltona Community Center, 980 Lakeshore Dr, Deltona Debary City Hall 16 Colomba Rd, Debary Debary Library 200 Florence K. Little, Debary OSCEOLA COUNTY Cindy M. Rothfield, P.A. 822 W. Bryan St., Kissimmee Most Publix Supermarkets Verandah Place Realty 504 Celebration Ave., Celebration All Winn Dixie Supermarkets St. Cloud City Hall 1300 9th St, St. Cloud St. Cloud Library 810 13th St, St. Cloud Southern Oaks 3865 Old Canoe Creek Rd, St. Cloud Plantation Bay 4641 Old Canoe Creek Rd, St. Cloud Osceola Chamber of Commerce 1425 Hwy 192, St. Cloud Valencia College 1800 Denn John Ln, Kissimmee Kissimmee City Hall 101 Church St, Kissimmee Kissimmee Library 211 E. Dakin, Kissimmee Robinsons Coffee Shop 114 Broadway, Kissimmee Osceola County Courthouse 2 Courthouse Sq, Kissimmee Barnies 3236 John Young Pwy, Kissimmee Reilys Gourmet Coffee 3831 Vine St, Kissimmee Shalom Aleichem 3501 Oak Pointe Blvd, Kissimmee Books-A-Million 2605 W. Osceola Pwy (522), Kissimmee Lower East Side Deli 8548 Palm Parkway, Lake Buena Sudoku (see page 14A for solution) Who knew? department... When I was younger and much better looking (oh quiet!), I loved to wear the latest fashions and I adored the famous fashion designers. My favorite was RALPH LAUREN. I just found out that his real name is not Lauren, rather Lifshitz! (A landsman!) If you were born in 1925-1955... This is a note to all the kids who survived the 1930s, 40s and 50s. No matter what our kids and the new generation think about us, we are awesome!! Our lives are living proof!! First, we survived being born to mothers who may have smoked and/or drank while they were pregnant. (No one knew the dangers.) We slept in rooms with lead-based paints. We had no childproof lids on medicine bottles, locks on doors or cabinets and when we rode bikes, we wore baseball caps, NOT HELMETS! As infants and children, we would ride in cars with no car seats, no booster seats, no seat belts and no air bags. We ate cupcakes, white bread, real butter, drank Kool-Aid made with real white sugar and we werent overweight. Why? (Because we were always outside playing, thats why!) We would get spankings if we deserved them and no one would call child services to report abuse. Little League had tryouts and not everyone made the team. Those who didnt had to learn to deal with disappointment. (Imagine that!) Also, the idea of a parent bailing out a kid who broke the law and got caught was almost unheard of! They actually sided with the law! Lets face it, our generation has produced some of the best risk-takers, problem solvers and inventors ever. No matter what our kids and the new generation think about us, WE ARE AWESOME! (I hope you can spend a few minutes to reminisce as you read this...and most important of all... WE DONT LIKE RAP!) JCC39ers Cinema Sundays... On Sept. 2, 2 p.m. in the JCC Senior Lounge, the movie The Post will be shown. It features stars TOM HANKS and MERYL STREEP. Refreshments are available. JCC39ers Terrific Thursdays... On Sept. 6 at 1:30 p.m., World Fair Senior Expo featur ing Milan, Italy, will be presented by the Rosen JCC, Orlando. A bus will be available to take all 39ers and JCC members at no charge. To RSVP, phone BARBARA GOLDBERG at 609-902-3077. (Its a cellphone). (Ive been to Pisa, Venice, Florence, Rome... and more, but never visited Milan. Sounds like great fun!) Jewish Pavilion volunteers... Their mission is Connecting elder-care community resi dents and their families with a caring Jewish community that provides life-enhancing resources and experiences, but that takes a lot of moving pieces. They are a 501c3 non-profit organization located in Central Florida serving Orange and Seminole Counties. The Jewish Pavilion is not a place but it has a place in the hearts of se niors throughout Central Florida. The staff and hundreds of volunteers visit seniors in more than 70 local assisted-living, long-term care, nursing, memory and rehabilitation facili ties. They offer one-on-one visits, holiday programs, classes, inter-generational programs, pet therapy, Shabbat services, traditional meals, grief support, memorial programs, concerts, musical programs and so much more. They bring smiles to residents of all faiths. When you make a donation to The Jewish Pavilion94 per cent of your money goes directly back into programs, parties and holidays for Central Florida Seniors...not administrative services, not salaries, but directly to your mothers, fathers, sisters, brothers and other loved ones right here at home! They currently have four amazing program directors that coordinate volunteers, arrange services, classes and meals, facilitate programs, sing, dance and generally make seniors happy! They need to make it easy for them to succeed in their mission and you can help by volunteering, attending and donating time or money toward their goals. You can help make a difference. Shout-Outs... If you find yourself dining at the Outback Steakhouse on Aloma Avenue, Winter Park, you will be lucky to get as your server, a lovely gal named KATIE LONG. She was pleasant, caring and very cute! (Oh no! I cant handle competition!) One for the road... As Leah is visiting her late fathers grave in Ohev Cem etery, she passes close by a woman who is sobbing and wailing at another grave. Leah can easily hear that the woman is saying, Oh why, oh why did you die? Why did you have to die? This question is repeated many times. After paying her respects to her father, Leah is leaving the cemetery when she again passes the sobbing woman. She is still wailing, Why, oh why did you have to die? Leah feels pity for this woman and walks over to try to comfort her. Pardon me, I hope you dont mind me coming over, but I heard your cries of pain and anguish. I assume the deceased was a relative of yours? No shes not, says the other woman, in fact I never met her before. Then why are you so sad? asks Leah. Who was she? Who is buried at this grave? My husbands first wife, replies the woman. Staff of Jewish Pavilion. Ralph Lauren By Pinchas Goldschmidt MOSCOW (JTA)Israels passage of the nation-state law brought another round of barrages across the Atlan tic underlining the growing alienation of the worlds two largest Jewish communities. The issues are increasingly familiar: American pluralism versus Jewish exceptionalism, Orthodox versus Liberal, nationalism versus enlight enment. Yes, we have a problem. Israel and American Jewry are growing apart from one other. It would be wrong to put the responsibility of this growing schism only on the Israeli government, or Israeli civil society, since Diaspora denominations have changed, too. The American Reform movement, for example, unilaterally introduced patri lineal descent, redefining Jewishness. These tensions were aired in Ronald Lauders recent op-ed in The New York Times, in which the president of the World Jewish Congress argued that the nation-state law betrayed Israels universalist values and that the countrys religious establishment was alienating non-Orthodox Jews in the Diaspora. Reading between the lines, I sensed the anguish of a father and grand father who sees his children distancing themselves from their people and ancestral homeland. Naftali Bennett, Israels education and Diaspora min ister, responded to Lauders op-ed with one of his own in the same newspaper, pushing back in defense of Israels right to pass such laws. Bennett seems uninterested in better ing relations with the Diaspo rain direct contradiction to Only Jewish education can help bridge the Israel-Diaspora divide his title and portfolio. He did not understand that the main question posed by Lauder was not who is right and who is wrong, but what can we do to minimize the divide between Israel and American Jewry. As American Jews are grappling with the direction their country is taking, and struggling to identify with a non-utopian Israel, the search for fresh waters from the well of our Jewish sources is called for. Liberal Diaspora denomi nations count fewer followers Divide on page 15A

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PAGE 10A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 Evelien Gans was one of the Netherlands foremost scholars on anti-Semitism and the Holocaust. Gans described this effect in more vivid terms in her last major interview, which she gave to the prestigious Vrij Nederland weekly in January. It has gnawed away at me, she said about her 2016 book titled The Holocaust, Israel and the Jew: Histories of Antisemitism in Postwar Dutch Society. The subject of the book was never far from the mind of Gans, whose father, Marco, survived the war by hiding in safe houses, escaping from one to the other no fewer than 13 times. When she was 6, he already told her everything about the war years. How walking on the left side of the street or the right one could mean the difference between life or death, Diamand said. Gans was born in New York, where her parents moved shortly after World War II. The family returned to the Netherlands in 1954, when Gans was 3 years old, because her father feared the outbreak of the Korea War would trigger a third world war that would endanger his family in the United States, according to the Volkskrant daily. In the final and pessimistic interview with Vrij Nederland, Gans spoke of an increase in anti-Semitic incidents both by radical Muslims, she cited a Syrian mans anti-Semitic assault on a kosher restaurant in Amsterdam in December, among other incidents, and what she called an obfusca tion between perpetrator, victim, bystander and col laborator in the Holocaust. Gans was an award-winning writer who was recognized in 2002 with the prestigious Henriette Roland Holst lit erary prize for her book on Social-Democrat and SocialZionist Jews. That year she began teaching at the Uni versity of Amsterdam, where she had been a professor of modern Jewish history until her retirement last year. Last year, she retired from her long-held position as senior researcher of modern Jewish history and anti-Semi tism at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide StudiesHollands foremost organization of its kind. A quick-witted speaker and interlocutor with a procliv ity for sarcasm, Gans was a regular guest lecturer at the University of Michigan and other renowned interna tional institutions. She was interviewed frequently in the Dutch media. But Diamand said her retirement led to a loss of social structure, leaving Gans increasingly worried about whether she alone could finish the second part of a monumental biography of two Holocaust victims whose first part she published in 2008. Gans did not have children. Increasingly, she fell into negative thinking patterns that didnt make sense and she became immune to rational analysis, Diamand said. After skipping a recent con ference in Krakow, Diamand recalled Gans telling him that she was done for profession ally because she missed the opportunity to meet several colleagues there, all of whom she already knew well and lived in the Amsterdam area. I told her it didnt make any sense but I saw I was not get ting through to her anymore, Diamand said. In parallel, Gans was wag ing an articulate war in the media against what she con sidered Holocaust obfuscation and inversion. Neglecting her own unfinished biography she had to wade through 12 cardboard boxes worth of archive material, which she had arranged in the form of a wall in her studyshe took on a former ballerina over her flawed family biography. In that book, author Isabel van Boetzelaer claimed that her father, a Nazi SS volunteer who had served in Ukraine, had no knowledge of the Holocaust. She also stated, apparently without proof, that her grandfather had plotted to kill Adolf Hitler. Gans friends were dis mayed at the amount of effort that she had put into debunk ing an account so flimsy that few historians of her caliber felt merited their attention. Referencing this, her inter viewers from Vrij Nederland asked: Writing a book re Before her suicide, a Dutch Holocaust scholar saw deep threats to her lifes work By Cnaan Liphshiz AMSTERDAM (JTA)On July 19, Evelien Gans, one of the Netherlands foremost scholars on anti-Semitism and the Holocaust, jumped to her death from her fourthstory Amsterdam apartment, where she lived alone. Gans, 67, a retired profes sor at the University of Am sterdam who had struggled with clinical depression for years, prepared her suicide with characteristic meticu lousness. She left a carefully worded note for her life part ner, Frank Diamand, and a last will and testament for her sister. Yet only hours before jump ing, Gans bought a two months supply of her favorite olive oil. Diamand says the purchase shows that her mind was on two parallel tracks: Whereas one part was preparing an exit, another was determined to live. In that internal conflict, he said, Gans focus on the persecution of Jews didnt help. Nor did her growing disappointment in what she considered creeping Holo caust distortion and victim blaming by some members of her intellectual bubble, Diamand suggested. And while Gans work was only one factor out of several that led her to take her own life, having to deal with antiSemitism day in and day out is not good for anyones health, said Diamand, a child survivor of the Holocaust and awardwinning documentary film maker who had been Gans significant other since 2006. quires concentration. Will you be able to ignore signs of anti-Semitism and rewriting of history? Gans answered that she would try but could not make any promises. She had campaigned simi larly twice before in recent years for historical veracity, feeling disillusioned and an gry in the aftermath. One painful episode in volved historian Bart Van der Boom, who in a 2012 book claimed that non-Jews in Holland largely failed to help Jewish compatriots in the Holocaust because they did not know the genocides purpose and scope. Even Jews did not know this, he further claimed, or they would have escaped the minimumsecurity concentration camp of Westerbork. Gans and her colleague, Remco Ensel, faulted Van der Boom for ignoring the cruel reprisals visited on relatives and friends of anyone who escaped Westerbork. But as Gans herself bitterly noted, her objections did not prevent the flawed book from being celebrated as a masterpiece, nor its author from receiving in 2012 the prestigious Libris History Prize, and the $23,000 in cash that went along with it. Six years later, in her final interview, Gans revisited the subject, characterizing Van der Booms book as an ulti mately successful attempt to Scholar on page 15A

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 PAGE 11A OBITUARIES Orlando Weekday Morning Minyan (Conservative/Egalitarian ), services MondayFriday 7:45 a.m. (9 a.m.national holidays); 2nd floor ChapelJewish Academy of Orlando; 851 N. Maitland Ave., Maitland. For information call 407-298-4650. Celebration Jewish Congregation (R) services and holiday schedules shown at www. JewishCelebration.org ; 407-566-9792. Chabad Lubavitch of North Orlando (O) 1701 Markham Woods Road, Longwood, 407-636-5994, www.jewishorlando.com; services: Friday 7:00 p.m.; Saturday at 9:30 a.m. Chabad of Altamonte Springs (O) 414 Spring Valley Lane, Altamonte Springs, 407280-0535; www.jewishaltamonte.com Chabad of South Orlando (O) 7347 Sand Lake Road, Orlando, 407-354-3660; www. jewishorlando.com ; Shabbat services: Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. and 10 minutes before sunset; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 8:15 a.m. Chabad of the Space & Treasure Coasts (O) 1190 Highway A1A, Satellite Beach, 321-777-2770. Congregation Ahavas Yisrael/Chabad (O) 708 Lake Howell Rd., Maitland, 407-6442500; www.chabadorlando.org ; services: Sunday, 9 a.m.; Monday-Friday, 7:30 a.m.; Shabbat services: Friday, 6:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Family service, 4th Friday of the month. Congregation Bet Chaim (R) 181 E. Mitchell Hammock, Oviedo, 407-830-7211; www. betchaim.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Am (C) 3899 Sand Lake Road, Longwood, 407-862-3505; www. congbetham.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth El (C) 2185 Meadowlane Ave., West Melbourne, 321-779-0740; Shabbat services, 1st & 3rd Friday, 8 p.m.; 2nd & 4th Saturdays, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth Emeth (R) 2205 Blue Sapphire Circle, Orlando, 407-222-6393; Shabbat service: monthly, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Israel (Rec) Collins Resource Center, Suite 303, 9401 S.R. 200, Ocala, 352-237-8277; bethisraelocala.org; Shabbat service, second Friday of the month, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Sholom (R-C) 315 North 13th St., Leesburg, 352-326-3692; www. bethsholomflorida.org ; schedule of services on website. Congregation Beth Shalom (Progressive Conservative) Orange City congregation holds services at 1308 E. Normandy Blvd., Deltona; 386-804-8283; www.mybethshalom. com ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation Bnai Torah (C) 403 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 32174, 386-672-1174; www.mybnaitorah.com ; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation Chabad Lubavitch of Greater Daytona (O) 1079 W. Granada Blvd., Ormond Beach, 386-672-9300; Shabbat services Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation of Reform Judaism (R) 928 Malone Dr., Orlando, 407-645-0444; www.crjorlando.org : Shabbat services, 7 p.m. 1st, 2nd and 3rd Fridays; 6 p.m., 4th and 5th Fridays; Saturday: 10 a.m. Congregation Mateh Chaim (R) P.O. Box 060847, Palm Bay, 32906, 321-768-6722. Congregation Ohev Shalom (C) 613 Concourse Parkway South, Maitland, 407-2984650; www.ohevshalom.org ; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Shalom Aleichem (R) 3501 Oak Pointe Blvd., Kissimmee, 407-9350064; www.shalomaleichem.com ; Shabbat service, 1st and 3rd Fridays of the month, 8 p.m. Congregation Shomer Ysrael (C) 5382 Hoffner Ave., Orlando, 407-227-1258, call for services and holiday schedules. Congregation Sinai (C/R) 303A N. S.R. 27, Minneola; 352-243-5353; congregationsinai.org; services: every Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Shabbat Service evert Saturday, 10 a.m. Orlando Torah Center (O) 8591 Banyan Blvd., Orlando; 347-456-6485; ShacharisShabbos 9 a.m.; Mon.Thurs. 6:45 a.m.; Sun. and Legal Holidays 8 a.m.; Mincha/Maariv Please call for times. Southwest Orlando Jewish Congregation/Ohalei Rivka (C) 11200 S. ApopkaVineland Rd., Orlando, 407-239-5444; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Temple Beth El (R) 579 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 386-677-2484. Temple Beth Shalom (R), P.O. Box 031233, Winter Haven, 813-324-2882. Temple Beth Shalom (C) 40 Wellington Drive, Palm Coast, 386-445-3006; Shabbat service, Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 9 a.m. Temple Beth Sholom (C) 5995 N. Wickham Rd. Melbourne, 321-254-6333; www. mytbs.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7 p.m.; Saturday: 9:30 a.m. Minyan, Tuesday, 7:30 p.m.; Thursday, 10:00 a.m. Temple Beth Shalom (R) 1109 N.E. 8th Ave., Ocala, 352-629-3587; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Torah study: Saturday, 10:00 a.m. Temple Bnai Darom (R), 49 Banyan Course, Ocala, 352-624-0380; Friday Services 8 p.m. Temple Israel (C) 50 S. Moss Rd., Winter Springs, 407-647-3055; www.tiflorida.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday 9:00 a.m. Temple Israel (R), 7350 Lake Andrew Drive, Melbourne, 321-631-9494. Temple Israel (C) 579 N. Nova Road, Ormond Beach, 386-252-3097; Shabbat service, Friday, 7 p.m.; Saturday: 10:30 a.m. Temple Israel of DeLand (R) 1001 E. New York Ave., DeLand, 386-736-1646; www. templeisraelofdeland.org; Friday Shabbat service, 7 p.m.; Saturday, 10:00 a.m. followed by Torah study. Temple Shalom (formerly New Jewish Congregation) (R) 13563 Country Road 101, Oxford, 352-748-1800; www.templeshalomcentralfl.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7 p.m.; last Saturday of the month, 9:30 a.m. Temple Shalom of Deltona (R/C) 1785 Elkcam Blvd., Deltona, 386-789-2202; www. shalomdeltona.org; Shabbat service; Saturday: 10 a.m. Temple Shir Shalom (R) Services held at Temple Israel, 50 S. Moss Rd., Winter Springs, 407-366-3556, www.templeshirshalom.org ; Shabbat services: three Fridays each month, 7:30 p.m. Traditional Congregation of Mount Dora (T) Mount Dora, 352-735-4774; www. tcomd.org; Shabbat services: Saturday, 9:30 a.m. sharp. (R) Reform (C) Conservative (O) Orthodox (Rec) Reconstructionist (T) Mehitsa LEWIS N. GOLDMAN Lewis N. Goldman, age 68, of Winter Park, passed away at his residence on Monday, Aug. 20, 2018. He was a son of the late Morris and Ida Grubert Goldman, and was born in Brookline, Mass., on Feb. 19, 1950. He is survived by his broth er, Martin, of Sorrento. Funeral services and in terment were held at Shara Tfilo Cemetery in West Rox bury, Mass. Arrangements entrusted to Beth Shalom Memorial Chapel, 640 Lee Road, Orlando FL 32810. 407-599-1180. NAOMI (BOBBI) AVA JACKSON WISE Naomi (Bobbi) Ava Jackson Wise, 86, died on Aug. 21, 2018. She was born in New Ro chelle, N.Y., on July 25, 1932, to the late Louis and Fanny Jackson. Bobbi Wise was a beautiful woman of boundless energy and optimism. She was a loyal friend, an avid reader, and a consummate hostess who relished international travel. She grew up in Bethes da, Maryland, where she lived until moving to Miami Beach in her last year of high school. A graduate of the University of Florida School of Journalism, she reported from the campus for the Miami Herald and then worked as a reporter at the Daytona Beach Sun until her marriage to Zelig Wise in 1956. She moved to Orlando that year and became active in civic life and the Orlando Jewish community. Mrs. Wise served as president of both the Friends of the Or lando Public Library and the League of Women Voters. She later worked at the informa tion service of the Orlando Chamber of Commerce, as a travel agent, and welcomed visitors to the Orlando area as a guide for the International Visitor Program administered through the U.S. Informa tion Agency. Mrs. Wise was a longtime member of Temple Israel and Hadassah, the womens Zionist organization; and a supporter of the Jewish Federation. She was the loving and devoted wife of Zelig O. Wise, who predeceased her; mother of Michael Z. Wise, Daniel Z. Wise, and Deborah Wise Levin; grandmother of Jacob D. Wise, Sophia Pearson Wise, Sylvie Pearson Wise, Arielle Rachel Levin, Solomon San dor Wise, Caleb Asher Levin, and Jeremy Barak Levin; sister of Rose Jackson, Zelda (Tiny) Arbuckle, the late Jean Brown, the late Ruth Longchamps, the late Aida Colein, and the late Pearl Gordon. Funeral service and burial were held on Wednesday, Aug. 22, 2018 at Temple Israel Cemetery in Orlando. Contributions in her memory may be made to the Friends of the Orange County Library System, the Jewish Academy of Central Florida, Temple Israel, and the Alzheimers Association. Jacob Wohl By Ben Sales NEW YORK (JTA)If you scroll down the Twitter feed of Jacob Wohl, former teen age hedge fund manager and current pro-Donald Trump provocateur, youll see a stream of insults directed at Robert Mueller, liberals and a proposed plastic straw ban. And that was just Friday morning. To his 158,000 followers, Wohl, 20, describes himself as Conservative, Trump Sup porter, Zionist. So he seemed like an interesting person to profile for JTA. And in the 19 minutes before he hung up on me, Wohl said his share of interesting things. He complained about chil dren of immigrants who couldnt speak English in his second-grade class. He insisted that Puerto Rico, a territory of the United States, has a socialist government. He equated the Palestinian Authority with ISIS. I think that conserva tives find that I really have my finger on the pulse of the issues that matter, Wohl said of his hyperactive Twit ter feed, which has gained nearly 100,000 followers in the past year. I dont spend a lot of time on things I view as unimportant. The weekend saw more bombastic tweets. On Sun day, Wohl called Trump the greatest friend of the Jewish People to ever occupy the White House. A day earlier he called on Barack Obama to be extradited to Israel for meddling in its 2015 elections. (A former Obama campaign aide, Jeremy Bird, worked for a nonpartisan Israeli NGO that campaigned against Ben jamin Netanyahu. American campaign consultants of both parties have a long history of working on Israeli elections.) Later on Sunday, he debated the causes of Puerto Ricos economic misery with Alexan dria Ocasio-Cortez, the New York congressional nominee and a rising star of progressive Democrats. The way Wohl tells his story, he began his first hedge fund, Wohl Capital Invest ment Group, with money from high school classmates and their parents. In a Bloomberg profile, he claimed the princi pal of his high school invested with him. Subsequently he started another investment fund, Montgomery Assets. Both funds are currently inactive. But the young investor, who has been called The Wohl of Wall Street, soon ran into trouble and has been investigated by multiple regulatory organizations. He also posted personal ads on Craigslist seeking attractive women while claiming to run a modeling agency, ac cording to the Daily Beast. One woman accused him of posting her photo online, in a bra, as the Wohl Girl of the Month without her permis sion. The domain WohlGirls. com expired last month. Wohl told JTA that he now does due diligence for mergers and acquisitions, though he would not reveal the name of his company or any further details. Im not going to tell you because I dont like journal ists meddling in my private business, he said. It can only cause problems when journalists start meddling around in my employment situations and what Im doing businesswise, as Ive learned. Wohl was raised and still lives in Orange County, a politically conservative area of Southern California, in a Republican home. His father, David Wohl, is an attorney who has appeared on Fox News as a commentator and describes Wohl wants to be the face of young Jewish Trump supporters himself as a campaign surro gate for Trump. Wohl has fol lowed in his fathers footsteps, appearing on Fox Business as early as 2015 to discuss his hedge fund. His political activism ramped up with the start of Trumps campaign in 2015, and since has skyrocketed. In addition to his Twitter activity, Wohl writes pieces for the right-wing site The Gateway Pundit, runs his own right-wing news site called The Washington Reporter and co-hosts a podcast with the independent journalist Laura Loomer called 2 Live Jew, which is advertised as the #1 Podcast for Jewish Trump Supporters. Episode titles have included The Caliphate Comes to Toronto and Full Commie. Loomer boasts of con fronting public figures in the style of Project Veritas, the right-wing gotcha operation where she worked in 2016. Last month she asked a Demo crat gubernatorial candidate in Michigan who is Muslim to reconcile your own per sonal practice of Islamic law with your Marxist socialist political platform that directly Wohl on page 15A

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PAGE 12A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 205 North Street Longwood, FL 32750 www.elegantprinting.net Bring in this ad and receive 18% DiscountInvitations & AnnouncementsBrochures & Booklets Forms & Letterheads Business Cards C ustom Pri nting Direct Mail Services Envelopes 407-767-7110 principle of equality of all citizens, although this is en shrined in other legal tenets. Due to these flaws, the new law does not command legitimacy. It stirs negative emotions and polarizes the public debate. It alienates parts of the Arab sector and has strained the special bond with the Druze community, which serves in the Israeli military. Moreover, the law has damaged ties with the Jewish Diaspora, especially in the United States, which Israel can ill afford. In a world increasingly defined by images, the new law creates bad optics and plays into the hands of Israels adversaries, who are already predisposed to single out Israel in the international arena. The law must be amended in ways that align it fully with Israels Declaration of Independence, which states that the country will ensure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race or sex; it will guarantee freedom of religion, conscience, language, educa tion and culture. Article 4 must be amended to restore the standing of Arabic as one of the states official languages. Although the focus of less attention, Article 6, which deals with ties between Israel and World Jewry, should also be amended to underline the strategic value of these relations and to enshrine the principles of partnership, peoplehood and unity. An amended law should be passed by a larger majority in the Knesset and should be written in flexible and broad terms that reflect the dynamic nature of Israeli society. But the sky is not falling. Is raels democratic character is safeguarded through myriad, overlapping mechanisms, including a wide body of quasiconstitutional legislation, an independent judiciary, a vibrant civil society and one of the worlds most freewheeling media sectors. Moreover, Israeli democ racy is resilient and has flour ished despite our countrys long and intense struggle for security and peace. Far lesser security and political challenges have seriously damaged democratic life in other countries, Turkey being just the latest example. Democracy has many mod els. The United Kingdom, a well-established democracy, lacks a written constitution. The U.S. has just two po litical parties and winner-takeall elections. Israel, unique among democracies, has a low electoral threshold and rules that allow even the narrowest of constituencies to gain repre sentation in national politics. Over many decades, Israel built up a body of quasi-consti tutional law that judiciously reinforced and routinized the countrys democratic institu tions. The supporters of the new law argued that it was time to further enshrine the states Jewish character, and this set off an unfortunate competition among certain factions for narrow, populist political gain. Although the measure tilts the balance toward the Jewish identification of the state, it does not override the many checks and balances that infuse Israels democracy, including the sacred principle of equality. And dont think for a minute that some minority political leaders are not using this ill-advised law to grandstand and pursue their own political agendas. The fallout from the law obscures many new, posi tive developments, including soaring rates of Arab advance ment in higher education and in the workplace, including for women. There is much more that needs to be done to ensure greater opportunities for pe ripheral populationsArab, Bedouin, Druze and even Jewishbut this misguided law does nothing to nullify or erase the enormous strides that our society has taken toward a truly shared society. This was a case of political friendly fire, a self-inflicted wound. But the understand able consternation should not be exaggerated or misinter preted as undermining Israels democratic traditions, which remain strong and resolute. Amos Yadlin, Maj. Gen. (ret.), a former head of Israeli Military Intelligence and one of the countrys best known defense and foreign policy experts, is executive director of the nonpartisan Institute for National Security Studies. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of JTA or its parent company, 70 Faces Media. Amos Yadlin, third from left, sits with leaders of Israels Druze community at a Tel Aviv rally against the controversial nation-state law, Aug. 5, 2018. Why a former Israeli military intelligence chief stands with the Druze By Amos Yadlin TEL AVIV (JTA)Israels new nation-state law, which is widely viewed here as clumsy, unnecessary and unwise, must be amended. Thats why I was proud to join tens of thousands of Israelis on Saturday night in a peaceful, unifying protest led by the Druze community. I came to this citys Rabin Square to stand with the Druze, with whom I fought to protect the State of Israel. But I also came to celebrate Israeli democracy; the pub lics commitment to equality and democratic values; our independent media; and our countrys bedrock guarantees for free speech and the right to protest. It was a quiet, dignified ral ly, with representation from across our diverse society. In contrast to the ill-advised vote in the parliament two weeks ago, Saturday nights rally displayed Israeliness at its best. Israeli flags fluttered in the square and everyone sang Hatikvah, our national an them, at the end of the rally. As the initial storm over the new law subsides, any levelheaded assessment reveals that its principal damage has been to stir up negative pub lic discoursein Israel and abroad. But make no mistake: The Jewish states democratic foundations remain vigorous, deeply rooted and incredibly resilient. The law touches on sensi tive issues that David BenGurion and the founders preferred not to decide. These matters require time, sensitiv ity and the broadest possible consensus. They cannot be de cided haphazardly, especially hours before a parliamentary recess, and they most cer tainly should not be decided by the barest of majorities (in this case, 62 Knesset members voted in favor and 55 opposed). The new law does not go far enough in protecting minor ity rights and upholding the By Ben Sales (JTA)The statement, issued the day Israel passed a controversial bill defining itself as a Jewish nation-state, could have come from any number of liberal American Jewish groups. We condemn this de spicable law, as well as the anti-gay surrogacy law the Knesset recently enacted, and the detainment of Rabbi Dov Haiyun for conducting a non-Orthodox marriage, the July 19 statement said. These anti-democratic and nativist actions make it more imperative to support the progressive voices in Israel who are fighting to reclaim Israels place as a functional, thriving democracy in the Middle East. The author is Randi We ingarten, the president of the American Federation of Teachers. Weingarten is Jewish. Her union, which counts 1.7 million members in 3,000 chapters, is not. Its typically more concerned with issues like raising teachers pay and strengthening public schools than with, say, the actions of a local police department in a country on the other side of the globe. But in an era when a grow ing number of unions back the movement to boycott Israel, Weingarten says supporting a progressive vision of the Jewish state is part of her unions mission. And in recent years, AFTs position on Israel sounds like that of a liberal Zionist group: Rather than boycott Israel or disengage from it, the teachers union is embracing left-wing Israeli activistsand criticizing the country from a place of love. I think that Bibi and his followers are moving in the wrong direction just like I believe that Trump is moving in the wrong direction, We ingarten told JTA on Monday, referring, respectively, to Is Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers, wants her union to build relationships with Israeli progressives. Randi Weingarten wants the teachers union to love Israel raeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and President Donald Trump. What we need to do is work with progressive voices and activists in Israel, of which there are many, to help bring Israel to its better angels. AFT is not the only union to have a history of support ing Israel. American labor unions had heavy Jewish representation at the time of Israels birth, and the countrys socialist roots and still-powerful national union appeal to American labor leaders. Labor officials have told JTA that notwithstanding its right-wing government, theres a lot they admire in Israelfrom universal health care to robust workers rights. In 2007, a long list of major labor leaders signed a statement opposing BDS, the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement against Israel. Labor unions have also given millions of dollars to the Yitzhak Rabin Center, a mu seum and educational center honoring the assassinated Israeli Labor Party leader who signed an Israeli-Palestinian peace accord. The Jewish Labor Commit tee, which acts as the Jewish communitys representative in the American labor move ment and organized the 2007 anti-BDS statement, released its own condemnation of the nation-state law as illconceived and ill-timed. The groups president, Stuart Appelbaum, said he is worried about Israel losing the support of U.S. progressives, but that major unions still support Israel. Labor remains committed to a strong and secure Israel, Appelbaum told JTA. I think there is a shared commitment to democracy and workers rights. He said support of Israel has not lessened, but there are serious concerns about the current govern ment. Weingarten in particular has leaned into AFT support ing Israels progressive camp. In 2016, Stav Shaffir, a young liberal Israeli lawmaker from the Labor Party, spoke at the AFT convention. That year, the union also passed a resolution to partner with Hand-in-Hand, an Israeli network of bilingual HebrewArabic schools with a mixed Jewish and Arab student body. Weingarten said she visits with both Israeli and Pales tinian unions on her trips to the region. She has spoken at multiple conferences of the liberal Israel policy organiza tion J Street. Weingarten said the unions work in Israel is of a piece with its international work as a whole. She points to AFTs support for labor movements worldwide, from supporting the Solidarity movement in communist Poland and progressive causes in Latin America to opposing apart heid in South Africa. We were part of the democracy movement, of helping, first, that fledgling democracy, and then ulti mately being a supporter Weingarten on page 15A

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 PAGE 13A Weekly roundup of world briefs from JTA Tlaib From page 7A When it comes to the onestate solutionthat is, a bina tional Isratine in which West Bank and presumably Gazan Palestinians are given the voteTlaib is even an outlier among the two women with whom she is most frequently grouped, Alexandria OcasioCortez of New York and Ilhan Omar of Minnesota. Like Tlaib, they are both progressive House nominees who have sharply criticized Israel in the past. Unlike her, both have embraced the two-state outcome and resisted signing onto the BDS movement. We have a very, very small number of problematic can didates with views on Israel, said Haley Soifer, the CEO of the centrist Jewish Demo cratic Council of America. Remember who Tlaib is. Much of the focus of the is Tlaib a trend talk is on the degree to which the Demo crats are ready to impose party discipline. But there has been a tradition within both parties of allowing lawmakers to stray from orthodoxies depending on their constituents and their own ethnic communi ties. Consider, for instance, Sen. Robert Menendez of New Jersey, who is as strident as ever in his insistence on isolating Cuba, although his Democratic Party has moved since Obama toward more openness. Democrats are not likely to second-guess a Cuban American for being a hardliner. That thinking would apply to Tlaib, whose parents are from the West Bank, said James Zogby, the president of the Arab American Insti tute and a Democrat close to Sanders. Rashida is a PalestinianAmerican woman who grew up heavily steeped in her cul ture and the circumstances of her issue, he said. Shes more aware of the Palestinian issue than anyone in Congress before her. Its in her bones, its in her blood. You want a one-state trend? Look to the Re publicans. The Trump administration, meanwhile, has retreated from endorsing a two-state outcome, and the Republican Party platform in 2016 also removed two-state language. Of course, the one-state outcomes favored by Repub licans is one preferred by the pro-Israel right, not the proPalestinian left. That version envisions permanent Israeli control of much of the West Bank. But that posture creates openings for the far left, ac cording to Logan Bayroff, the director of communications for J Street. Any conversation about rise in support of a one-state solution should note the fact that our current administra tion has distanced itself from the two-state solution, he said. Zogby, a proponent of the two-state outcome, says sup port for one state is also fueled by the actions of an Israeli government that seems set on closing off the former. Saying I support two states has become a way of absolving yourself and doing nothing while Israel every day makes achieving two states harder to achieve through settlement expansion and other measures, he said. Israeli equestrian rider withdraws from world championships due to conflict with Yom Kip pur JERUSALEM (JTA)An Israeli equestrian rider has withdrawn from next months world champion ships because the competi tion will take place on Yom Kippur. The International Eques trian Federation event, which will take place this year in North Carolina, is a prelude to the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo, where Is raels equestrian federation hopes to compete for the first time. Israeli rider Dan Kramer sent a letter earlier this month to the international federation saying that he would not compete due to the conflict with the holiest day on the Jewish calendar, Ynet reported last week. I decided not to join the other members of the Israeli national team and not to participate in the upcoming world championships in the United States, because the competition is taking place on Yom Kippur and I want to honor this day as well as the Israeli public and Jewish Diaspora, Kramer wrote in a letter to the Israel equestrian federations chairman Kenny Lalo, Ynet reported. Kramer, who is living in Belgium, grew up on Moshav Hayogev in northern Israel, where his family owned a horse and he dreamed of competing in the Olympics. He suffered a leg injury while serving in the Israel Defense Forces, and returned to riding as part of a physical therapy regimen. He quali fied for next months world championship last year. Other members of the team were divided over the decision by Kramer, whose absence could cost the Israeli team an Olympic berth. Charles Schumer wants to name Senate build ing for John McCain WASHINGTON (JTA) Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., has garnered backing from a key GOP senator in his bid to rename a Senate building for John McCain. The building currently is named for Richard Russell, a Georgia Democrat who served from 1933 until 1971 and who was notorious for leading opposition to civil rights reforms advanced by President Lyndon Johnson and for upholding racial segregation. Schumer and McCain, the Arizona Republican who died this weekend, were both members of the Senates bipartisan Gang of Eight, which sought in vain to reach agreement on a comprehen sive immigration bill. The Senate, the United States, and the world are lesser places without John McCain, Schumer, who is the minority leader in the Senate and who is Jewish, said Saturday on Twitter. Nothing will overcome the loss of Senator McCain, but so that generations remember him I will be introducing a resolution to rename the Russell building after him, Schumer said. Sen. Jeff Flake, like Mc Cain, an Arizona Republican, said he would cosponsor such resolution. There are many other things we need to do but thats a good one, Flake said on Sunday on Face the Nation on CBS. John McCain had his of fice just right near mine in the Russell building. Thats where he was his entire time. I think thats a fitting tribute. Flakes status as McCains fellow Republican and Arizo nan lends the proposal heft. Because the proposal involves congressional prop erty, it would not need the signature of President Don ald Trump. Arab-Israeli lawmak ers ask UN to condemn nation-state law JERUSALEM (JTA)Ar ab-Israeli lawmakers and the Palestinian Authority want the United Nations to condemn Israels nationstate law. Several lawmakers from the Joint List, an Arab-Israeli political party, are involved in an effort to get the U.N. General Assembly to of ficially condemn the law, along with Riyad Mansour, the Palestinian ambassador to the U.N., Hadashot news reported Sunday. The move comes less than a month before the U.N. General Assembly, scheduled to open on Sept. 18. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is planning to join other world leaders in speaking at the General Assembly. Israels Ambassador to the United Nations, Danny Danon, was asked by Rose mary DiCarlo, United Na tions under-secretary-gen eral for political affairs, to respond to the charges. In a message to Knesset Speaker Yuli Edelstein, Danon ac cused the Arab lawmakers of having a close partnership with Palestinian representa tives in the U.N. with the goal of inciting against and defaming the State of Israel and the IDF on the UN stage. The Palestinian repre sentatives, along with the MKs from the Arab parties are planning steps which are intended to sully Israel and damage its image through incitement and lies, he also wrote. On Monday, Israels Tour ism Minister Yariv Levin accused the Arab lawmakers of treason and said that he hoped they would be prosecuted on the charge in Israel. Joint List lawmaker Dov Khenin responded to the criticism saying it was antiDemocratic and hypocriti cal, certainly when it comes from close associates of Netanyahu, who met and befriended anti-Semites around the world, Hadashot reported. Loophole allows expan sion of Western Wall egalitarian prayer sec tion JERUSALEM (JTA)A plan to expand the Western Walls egalitarian prayer sec tion received final approval, using a loophole that applies to handicapped-accessible sites. The approval was first reported late Sunday in Haaretz, which did not say when the meeting to approve the work took place. Approval of the work under the special regulation cut months off the time it would take to begin the work, since it need only be approved by the municipal engineer and not also by both the regional and local planning committees. The scheme to approve the fast-track process for the work was supported by the Prime Ministers Office, according to the report. The attorney generals of fice reportedly was against using the loophole of as a way to approve a major and controversial project. The plan was approved by the Jerusalem municipalitys legal counsel, however. Plans to renovate the site, with a budget of more than $7 million, have continued, despite the suspension of a comprehensive plan ap proved in 2016. In June 2017, the Cabinet suspended the deal that came about as a result of negotiations between the Reform and Conservative movements, the Women of the Wall, the Jewish Agency for Israel and the Israeli government. The suspension came after the governments haredi Orthodox coalition partners pressured Netan yahu to scrap the agreement, including threatening to bring down the government. Netanyahu had promised to expand the area follow ing the suspension of the comprehensive deal, though the expansion has been ap pealed to Israels Supreme Court over concern that it would damage an important archeological site. Last month, the three members of the Knesset min isterial committee charged with deciding whether to approve the plan to upgrade the Western Walls egalitar ian section resigned over political pressure from the haredi Orthodox parties. Netanyahu placed himself as head of the committee. The comprehensive plan would have included a com mon entrance to the West ern Wall plaza for all three sections and a public board to oversee the egalitarian prayer space and would in clude representatives of the non-Orthodox movements and Women of the Wall. Jewish video gamer kills 2 and himself (JTA)A video gamer opened fire during a tour nament in Jacksonville, Florida, killing two and then fatally shooting himself. The gunman was identi fied as David Katz, 24, of Baltimore, Maryland. The Forward reported that Katz is Jewish. Nine other people were wounded in the shooting Sunday at the Madden NFL 19 eSports video game tournament. It was held in a gaming bar that shares space with a pizzeria at the Jacksonville Landing, a col lection of restaurants and shops along the St. Johns River. The bar was livestreaming the competition when the gunfire started. It is the third major mass shooting in Florida in the last two years. Katz was competing in the eSports tournament and used at least one handgun to carry out the shooting, Jacksonville Sheriff Mike Williams told reporters. The tournament was a regional qualifier for finals in Las Vegas with a $25,000 prize. On Sunday evening FBI agents searched the home of Katzs father in an upscale townhouse complex near Baltimores Inner Harbor. Katz competed in several video game tournaments under the monikers Bread or MrSlicedBread, and report edly won a similar tourna ment in 2017. Suspect identified in anti-Semitic graffiti attack on Jewish center in Russian village (JTA)Russian authori ties identified a suspect in the anti-Semitic graffiti attack on a Jewish center in the Russian village of Lyubavichi, the cradle of the Chabad Hasidic movement. The suspect was a man from Murmansk, a city locat ed hundreds of miles north of Lyubavichi, according to Yuri Ivashkin, the mayor of the village in western Russia. We knew immediately this was not the work of a local, Ivashkin told JTA. Police are still working on identifying an accomplice. The inscriptions, reading Jews out of Russia, our land and featuring the Bal tic variant of the swastika, were spray-painted on the wall of the Hatzer Raboteinu Nesieinu Belubavitch earlier this month. Ivashkins statement fol lowed attended the dedica tion of a perimeter fence around one of the Jewish cemeteries in and around Lyubavichi Attendees traveled Sun day from Moscow to the village of 200 people to celebrate the completion there of a preser vation project headed by the European Jewish Cemeter ies Initiative, or ESJF. The nonprofit organization has completed similar projects in 102 cemeteries across Eastern Europe with funding from the German government. Initiatives like these are vital because of neglect, eco nomic and agricultural de velopment, and vandalism, said Rabbi Isaac Schapira, the founder and chairman of the ESJF board. The project in Lyubavichi was his organi zations first in Russia since its founding in 2015. Joseph Popack, a JewishAmerican donor, funded the new fencing at a cost of $100,000. Located near Smolensk and the border with Belarus, Lyubavichi became a major Jewish hub following the set tling there in 1813 of Rabbi Dovber Schneuri, a leader of the Chabad movement of Hasidic Orthodox Jews. The movement, perhaps best known for its outreach to non-Hasidic Jews, also refers to itself as Chabad-Lubavitch in reference to how the towns name is pronounced in Yiddish. Chabad established in Lyubavichi an information center and museum, which Ivashkin says attracts 500 visitors monthly to the im poverished village, which is comprised of many dilapi dated houses. Los Angeles synagogue sues city and county over destuctive Skirball fire (JTA)The Leo Baeck Temple in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Bel Air has filed a lawsuit against the city and county over last years Skirball Fire. The fire, which broke out on Dec. 6, 2017, destroyed six homes and damaged 12 others, and required the evacuation of about 700 homes as well as an apart ment building. It damaged 475 acres. It was sparked by an illegal cooking fire at an area home less encampment. The Temple suffered sig nificant smoke damage and was not be able to reopen its facilities right away follow ing containment of the fire. The Stephen Wise Temple, American Jewish Univer sitys Familian Campus and the Skirball Cultural Center all were closed due to the fire and the institutions Torah scrolls were removed for safekeeping. The lawsuit filed in Los Angeles Superior Court on Thursday against the city and county of Los Angeles by the Leo Baeck Temple alleges that the city and county could have helped to prevent the fire had they not ignored the complaints of residents, the Los Angeles Jewish Journal reported. The city and county knew or should have known that this presented a fire hazard, as the area is prone to wild fires because of the trees, bushes and other vegeta tion and foliage, according to the lawsuit. The lawsuit also argues that the city and county should have removed the encampment, or at least provided the public with a warning about it. The temple lists four causes of action, includ ing claims that the city and county maintained a dangerous condition on public property and allowed a public nuisance. It is ask ing for more than $25,000 in damages. Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti declared a local state of emergency in re sponse to the Skirball Fire, requesting state and federal assistance. It was one of several fires burning in southern California. The other fires were known as the Thomas, Rye and Creek fires burning in Ventura County, Santa Clarita and Sylmar. California Gov. Jerry Brown also declared a state of emergency in Los Angeles and Ventura counties.

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PAGE 14A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 R1E2B3A4R5 E6G7Y8P9T10 S11P12A13A14M O L E A15R A R E U16A S J17O R D A N18R19 I V E R N20R A T21E A R S S22N L S23D S G24I D M25A D26 E27L I28Y A H U29A30V O W31S I32S33H D34R E A M D35E M I M36O P E37L I S H A T38H39E R E D40S41 E A J42O43S44H U A N45A P N46A47S48A49O50N E I S A51T M A52S S U R T53E A C H E54R S55I56N I57N K R58T E L59B S60 A61S S62A D N63O T B64R O K E65N W A T E R66Y67U L A68I R E D E69R I C A U 70 S E M 71 O S E S R 72 I C K Y Glick From page 4A In 2004, Israel decimated Hamass leadership in Gaza. The next year it walked away from Gaza, handing the area to the PA/Fatah lock, stock and barrel. Rather than use the op portunity to build a state, the PA/Fatah militarized Gaza and orchestrated everescalating mortar and rocket assaults against Israel. Gazas militarization and the open transfer of massive quanti ties of armaments to Gaza through the Egyptian border gave Hamas the ability to re build its forcesand, in less than two years, oust Fatah from power. Like the PA, Hamas uses its control over Gaza not to build a state but to expand its ability to strike Israel. This it has achieved by, among other things, developing close rela tions with Iran, Turkey, and Qatar, serving as an arm of their foreign policies towards Israel, Egyptm and the wider Islamic world. Hamas has also developed close ties with the so-called Islamic State and affiliated al Qaeda organizations that operate Nazi From page 1A from his wheelchair onto the ambulance stretcher. His deportation comes after years of protests by Jewish groups. Earlier this year, a group of more than 80 New York politicians, led in Gaza and Sinai. Like the PA, Hamas has used Europes hostility towards Israel, and the Islamic blocs control over UN agencies (including the UN General Assembly), to mask its crimes and blame Israel for its aggression against the Jewish state. Despite Hamass failure to develop Gaza economically, and its use of Gazas civilian population as human shields behind which it builds its mili tary capabilities and attacks Israel, the people of Gaza have maintained their support for the terror regime. Far from pushing it out for failure to govern in any rec ognizable sense of the term, a majority of Gazans continue to support the jihadist group and to share its program of continuous warfare against Israel, with the aim of an nihilating the Jewish state. Moreover, polling data show that if elections were held in Judea and Samaria, Hamas would win them. All of this leads to one clear conclusion. Hamas-ruled Gaza is what a Palestinian state looks like. It is what a Palestinian state in Judea and Samaria would look like if any U.S. or other peace proposal that requires Israel to transfer control over the areas to the PA/Fatah is implemented. The Palestiniansas a peopleare not interested in establishing an independent state. They are committed to annihilating Israel. This is why all of their political fac tions are terror groups. Thats why one of Abbass possible successors is in prison for five counts of terrorist murder and the other has called for Israel to be wiped out with nuclear weapons. This is why, in a bid to shore up popular support for Fatah, Abbas is calling for a renewal of terror attacks against Israel. And this is why Hamas, whose record is one unblemished by phony peace processes with Israel, is more respected and trusted by the Palestinians in Gaza and Judea and Samaria. Last week, Trumps top advisors on the Palestinian conflict with Israel, Jared Kushner, Jason Greenblatt, UN Ambassador Nikki Haley,, and Ambassador to Israel David Friedman issued a statement on their much touted plan. No one will be fully pleased with our proposal, but thats the way it must be if real peace is to be achieved. Peace can only succeed if it is based on realities, it read. While it is true that peace can succeed only if it is based on reality, it is also true that there is no realistic prospect for peace. Hamass terror state in Gaza is the apotheosis of Palestinian aspirations. This is what the Palestinians seek to build in Judea and Samaria and, in due course, this is what they want all of Israel to become. Under the circumstances, the Trump administration has a choice to make. Does it want Judea and Samaria to look like Gaza? Or does it want Judea and Samaria to look like Israel? The ceasefire talks between Hamas and Israel are proof that there is no third option. Caroline Glick is a worldrenowned journalist and commentator on the Middle East and U.S. foreign policy, and the author of The Israeli Solution: A One-State Plan for Peace in the Middle East. Read more at www.Caroline Glick.com. by Assemblyman Dov Hikind, petitioned the Trump admin istration regarding Pajil. I never gave up on this is sue because Palijs presence here mocked the memory of the millions who perished, Hikind said in a statement Tuesday. There was no question of his guilt. It was imperative that someone responsible for Nazi atroci ties be held accountable for his crimes. While his victims can no longer seek justice, I am delighted that our Presidents administration took it upon themselves to deliver justice. Although members of the Jewish community of New York have held demonstra tions outside of his house in Queens for years, Palij seemed unimpressed, telling the New York Post in 2013 that he was starting to get used to it. They told us we would be picking up mines. But that was a lie, he told the paper. In that camp they took us17-, 18-, 19-year-old boys. I am one of them. They did not give us Nazi uniforms. They gave us guard uniforms: pants, black; shirts, light brown; and hats with one button in the front. You could tell we were not Nazis. If you tried to run away, they take your family and shoot all of them. I am not SS. I have noth ing to do with SS, he added. Efraim Zuroff, the Eastern Europe director of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, said in a statement that a 14-year long campaign has finally been crowned with success. Trawniki guards do not de serve the privilege of living in the United States and that was finally achieved last night. Edward Mosberg, a 93-yearold Holocaust survivor from Poland and now a property developer from New Jersey, said that although the deci sion comes late, it is a good and positive action and we are grateful to the United States for bringing this evil man to receive punishment for his crimes. Mosberg was quoted Tues day during a tour of the Aus chwitz memorial museum in Poland. He attended it with four Republican members of Congress as part of a delega tion of the From the Depths Holocaust commemoration group. By Charles Dunst NEW YORK (JTA)Are Jews too powerful to be con sidered victims of racism? Some progressives think so and have been downplaying accusations of anti-Semitism in light of a debate over preju dice and power. This week, The New York Times took heat for hiring Sarah Jeong, a technology writer, to its editorial board. Some have called her racist against white people, point ing to past tweets in which she proclaimed that White men are bullshit and #Can celWhitePeople. The debate over her tweets often centered around the very notion of anti-white rac ism, and especially whether minorities (Jeong is Korean American) can be accused of racism when ridiculing the white power structure. Former Bernie Sanders campaign aide Symone Sand ers said on CNN last week that Jeong was not being racist because racism is only preju dice plus powerimplying that only those in positions of power over others can be racist. Sanders point is not new she is building off the work of others, such as social sci entist Patricia Bidol-Padva, who used the prejudice plus power definition in the 1970s. As a stand-up come dian might explain it, racism means punching down, not punching up. Prominent activists such as Linda Sarsour and Melissa Harris-Perry have promoted the idea as well, and applied it to defend people they consider relatively powerless against charges of anti-Semitism. The thing Im always wor ried about in the world is pow er, and how power is wielded in ways that cause inequity, Harris-Perry said earlier this year about Nation of Islam founder Louis Farrahkhan, a notorious anti-Semite. So if you can show me that Minister Farrakhan has taken his position and used his position to create inequity and inequality for Jewish people, then I will denounce that tomorrow. She went on to contrast Farrakhan to President Don ald Trump, whom she consid ers a bigot and an anti-Semite who wields actual power. Because Louis Farrakhan is empowered to do what? He runs an organization that controls what resources? And creates what policy? And owns property where? HarrisPerry asked rhetorically. Some think this new for mulation of racism has prob lematic implications for Jews, for multiple reasons. First, it equates Jews with white and presumably insti tutionally privileged people, ignoring the history and ongoing prevalence of antiSemitism. If Jews are seen as white (which, in this permutation of progressivism, they are), and whites cannot be subjected to racist attacks, then antiSemitism becomes a trivial concern, K.C. Johnson, a history professor at Brooklyn College, former Fulbright in structor at Tel Aviv University and regular Washington Post contributor, told JTA. Second, it ignores the fact that Jews as a class are often falsely maligned as too powerfulwhich, paradoxi cally, would make them fair game for ridicule under the prejudice-plus-power defini tion. Antisemitism is a strange form of prejudice, Olivia Goldhill wrote in Quartz. Rather than denigrating Jews as inferior, it casts them as maliciously supe riorand thus worthy of denigration. The U.S. Holocaust Memo rial Museum recognizes antiSemitism as racism and as prejudice against or hatred of Jews based on false biologi cal theories. Last month, a federal judge ruled that racial discrimination law applies to Jews, noting that antiSemites hate Jews for their Jewish blood and for the fact that they were Jewish. However, especially on the left, some see anti-Semitism as a wholly separate phenom enon fromand perhaps a lesser form of bias thanrac ism. Racism, in this line of thinking, is fundamentally worse than all other forms of prejudice precisely because it is systemic. I want to make the distinc tion that while anti-Semitism is something that impacts Jewish Americans, its differ ent than anti-black racism or Islamophobia because its not systemic, said Sarsour, the Womens March leader and prominent activist in the an ti-Israel Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement, in a video posted to Facebook by Jewish Voice for Peace in April. Its not systemic, and we need to make that distinction. Jews, this argument pur ports, are too embedded within the systemthat is, too powerfulto have prejudice effectively wielded against them as racism. Rabbi Jill Jacobs, the execu tive director of the left-leaning Truah: The Rabbinic Call for Human Rights, largely refutes this idea. There is a difference be tween anti-Semitism and accusations of racism against white people, who are not a coherent historical ethnic group, and who have never been the victims of systemic prejudice, Jacobs told JTA Jews have experienced a genocide within living memo ry, and continue to experience anti-Semitism both in words and in actions. Ashkenazi Jews enjoy white privilege much of the time, but also regularly encounter anti-Semitism perpetrated by people of many backgrounds. Johnson and others suggest that the prejudice-plus-power dynamic is in play in England, where Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn has been accused of enabling antiSemitism within his party. According to this theory, Labour is nonchalant about attacks on Jews because they are as a whole relatively afflu ent and politically influential unlike say, Muslims, who lack the same institutional power and therefore need increased defending. Weve had a preview of how this approach operates with recent events in the U.K. with the Labour Party, Johnson told JTA. Corbyn understands rac ism purely through the prism of powerwhich, in his simplistic and vulgar Marx ist worldview, Jews possess, according to Brookings Insti tution fellow James Kirchick. Bret Stephens, a conserva tive columnist for The New York Times, also worries about the effects of redefining racism as only able to punch down. The criterion for racism is either objective or its meaningless, he wrote in a column welcoming Jeong to The Times. If liberals get to decide for themselves who is or isnt a racist according to their political lights, conservatives will be within their rights to ignore them. Jacobs, on the other hand, said she is interested in mov ing beyond the so-called oppression Olympics and toward actual problemsolving. There is still a lot of work to be done to dismantle rac ism, sexism, anti-Semitism and other isms within our society, the rabbi told JTA. We should focus on doing that work rather than argue about hierarchies of privilege and power. Progressives have a new definition of racism: prejudice plus powerwhat does that mean for Jews?

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 PAGE 15A Weingarten From page 12A of the democracy in Israel, she said. Theres been a longstanding relationship between our unions and Israel because of the fight for democracy, and that relationship has continued during my tenure as president of the AFT. It is part of our long-term worldview of the importance of democracy. Supporting Israel is also a personal cause for Wein garten. She grew up in an involved Jewish home and at tended Camp Ramah in New England. She is a member of Congregation Beth Simchat Torah in New York City and is newly married to its senior rabbi, Sharon Kleinbaum. And she is the latest Jewish Scholar From page 10A defend the actions of average countrymen in a nation where collaborators worked with the Nazis to murder at least 75 percent of Dutch Jewrythe highest death rate in Nazioccupied Western Europe. Gans also was left drained Wohl From page 11A contradicts tenets within Islamic law. Laura is on the cutting edge of stopping the Sharia invasion thats happening in the United States, the Islami fication of neighborhoods, Wohl said on a recent podcast, referring to Islamic religious law. They want Sharia courts. This is what theyre calling for, this is their vision, is to establish a caliphate in the West. Divide From page 9A in the U.S., and the Jews there are being assimilated into an increasingly secular country. The empty synagogues will have to be replaced with the classrooms of Jewish schools. The challenge of giving over 1 million Jewish children a minimal Jewish education can and should be tackled if the government of Israel will take a lead and major Jewish philanthropists will join. In the beginning of the 1990s, when the Jewish Zion ist establishment vehemently opposed the idea of establish ing schools in the former Fauda From page 5A Nation-state From page 5A destructive idea. If Europe ans are bent on committing cultural suicide, it is of course sible if the Israeli government that gave that order had the support of the majority of the Israeli people. And the only way for that to happen would be if most Israelis were convinced that they were Newton From page 1A edge the public comments and discussions happening AFT president, following predecessors like Sandra Feldman and Albert Shanker. I am a Ramahnik, she said. I grew up as a pro gressive Zionist. I grew up believing that Israel was an inclusive, democratic Jew ish state that you needed to fight for, but inclusive and democratic was as im portant as Jewish. And just like the work that we do in America can make things more inclusive, more focused on justice, more focused on opportunity, thats the work that I try to do in terms of Israel. Some local unions, like other progressive organiza tions, support BDS in ex pressing their values on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. A handful of unions in the United States have joined major unions abroad in endorsing BDS. In the past school year, a local branch of AFT, the Graduate Em ployees Organization of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, backed a divestment campaign on campus. We are saddened and dis appointed in the hostility that AFT leaders such as Randi Weingarten have expressed to the internationally-respected and non-violent tactic of BDS, a June statement by the local union read. Such leaders are out of touch and out of step with the rank and file of our union. Weingarten said she is worried about calls for BDS from American progressives. But she does not believe broad progressive support for Israel has become untenable. She feels that just as American progressives oppose the agenda of the Trump ad ministration, they need to oppose the policies of Israels government while still engag ing with the country The occupation and the influence of the settlers and lack of recognition for steps toward the two-state solution has corroded a lot of faith that a lot of progressives have around the world in the democracy of Israel, she said. We need to actually support the progressives in Israel. I think Bibi Netanyahu wins if people support the extremes and if people despair. Wohl said he agrees with Trump on 90 percent or 95 percent of his posi tionsfirst and foremost immigration. He said that illegal immigration has just devastated communi ties in Southern California, something Wohl said he realized when most of his second-grade class could not speak a lick of English. He said that hindered his education. A wall would change a lot about a lot of border states as far as public safety, he said. Whats coming across our southern border is in many cases, not in all cases, but in many cases tremendous crime. When Trump came down the escalator and said Were going to build a great, great wall and were going to make Mexico pay for that wall, he had my vote, Wohl said, re ferring to Trumps campaign launch. One of the issues on which Wohl disagrees with Trump relates to Israel. Wohl would like to see the president, who has been friendly to the Israeli governments agenda, take an even harder line against the Palestinian Au thority, which administers the Palestinian areas of the West Bank. I would like to see the Palestinian Authority de funded completely by the United States and treated like ISIS or any other terrorist organization because thats what they are, he said. Wohls political opinions are no less pointed on Twit ter, where he focuses his commentary on praising the president and opposing his opponents. Wohl said proudly that Trump has retweeted him three times and replied to one of his tweets, which he said is a recognition that youre doing something right. Other tweeters have en joyed mocking Wohl for a curious trope he repeats: a contention that he hears coffee shop hipster liberals praising the president. He has said so six separate times. I wanted to ask Wohl about this surreptitiously pro-Trump hipster cafe. I also wanted to ask him more about his Judaism, as well as his future plans. But he hung up on me after I asked him a follow-up question about his claim that Puerto Rico is socialist. Youve got a terrible at titude, he said before ending the call. and downtrodden following a dispute with Chris van der Heijden, a historian whose father served in the SS. Fo cusing on a handful of Jewish supporters of the Dutch Nazi party in the 1930s, van der Heijden heaped anti-Semitic stereotypes in a 2008 book, Gans told Vrij Nederland. In that book, Gans said, The Jews allowed themselves to be murdered, collaborated and are now perpetrators of similar crimes in Israel. These polemics not only depressed Gans, Diamand said, but made her enemies. As these and other issues continued to take their toll on Gans, a left-wing activist in the 1970s whose participation in violent protests acquainted her with the inside of a police car, she began drawing inward. Things became so bad in the spring that she was hospital ized voluntarily for a month at a psychiatric treatment facility. As an outpatient, she tried to participate in group therapy but felt too estranged from the other patients to discuss her issues in the group. I told her, who cares, just use this group therapy tool to get better, but it was beyond her ability, Diamand said. Despite its broader context, Gans suicide is ultimately a personal tragedy, Diamand insisted. Her focus on the Holocaust and anti-Semitism, he said, was a factor, not the factor in her decision to end her life. A whole set of elements led her to her painful and wrong decision, he said. Soviet Union, Lauder was among the first to understand that Jewish continuity, espe cially in the secularized postSoviet countries, can only be guaranteed by formal Jewish education. The establishment of two dozen schools in East ern and Central Europe in the beginning of the 90s by the Ronald S. Lauder Foundation guaranteed a positive Jewish identity for tens of thousands of children of Jewish families. (Full disclosure: My wife, Dara, is the head of the Lauder Etz Chaim School in Moscow, the largest Jewish day school in the former Soviet Union with currently almost 600 children.) Having the honor to meet and speak to many of the thousands of graduates of our schools in Moscow, I can attest to the impact on the identity and personal com mitment to the Jewish cause of the students of the Lauder school. These childrens lives are forever changed. What Lauder has achieved in Central and Eastern Eu rope should be applied now in the United States, where the continuity of the largest community outside of Israel is in danger. Communities such as the United Kingdom, Australia and France have achieved great strides in recent years toward this goal. The great majority of their children receive a formal Jewish educa tion; there is no reason why this should not be attainable in the U.S. Every Diaspora Jew is the carrier of dual identitiesthe national one and the Jewish onetrying to juggle and rec oncile and build a symbiosis. Trying to strike the balance between enlightenment and tradition has not been easy. Harvard psychologist Ste ven Pinker, in his latest book Enlightenment Now, argued that the Enlighten ment improved humanity by replacing dogma, tradition and authority with reason, debate and institutions of truth-seeking. Yoram Hazo ny of The Herzl Institute, in a response to Pinker, said that if the response of the Jews to the Enlightenment had been absolute, then the Zionist movementwhich drew its passion and strength from the vast sources of Jewish tradition and historywould never have been born and we wouldnt have had a Jewish state today. We as a people are out of balance. The world is out of balance. The climate is out of balance, and geopolitics are increasingly shrill and simplistic, polarizing friends and family members. Let us try to regain some balance and perspective for the sake of our future, of our children before it is too late. Pinchas Goldschmidt has been the chief rabbi of Moscow since 1993, serving at the Moscow Choral Synagogue and since 2011 as president of the Conference of European Rabbis. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of JTA or its parent company, 70 Faces Media. their prerogative to do so. But Israelis do not wish to lose their national identity, their ances tral homeland, their state, and their culture. The nation-state law is meant to ensure that Is rael is not sacrificed on the very same altar on which Europe is committing suicide. Dr. Mordechai Kedar is a senior research associate at the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies. He served for 25 years in IDF military intelligence specializing in Syria, Arab political dis course, Arab mass media, Islamic groups, and Israeli Arabs, and is an expert on the Muslim Brotherhood and other Islamist groups. BESA Center Perspectives Papers are published through the generosity of the Greg Rosshandler Family. trading land for peace rather than for more terror, as they learned they had done at Oslo and with the 2005 withdrawal from Gaza. That would require most Israelis to be convincedas many were for a short while during the period of post-Oslo euphoriathat the Palestin ians had given up their centu ry-long war against the Jews. Such a development doesnt require a sensible map or a realistic plan for evicting a specified number of Jews from their homes. It merely requires the emergence of a P.A. leader like the fictional Abu Maher, who could count on the support of most Palestinians and also be trusted by Israelis. Such a person would have to be will ing not only to establish peace with the Jews, but also to fight and defeat the radicals inside Fatah, in addition to Hamas and other Islamist groups who are willing to sacrifice more generations of Palestinian children on the altar of their never-ending war. But as long as such a figure is just a figment of the imagi nation of a team of Israeli TV writers, debates about how to draw a line between two states in the small territory shared by two different peoples re main so much hot air. Jonathan S. Tobin is editor in chief of JNSJewish News Syndicate. Follow him on Twitter at: @jonathans_tobin. before them, and to halt all discussions of Superinten dent Fleishmans professional evaluation until these orders are carried out. Ultimately, Newton Public Schools must investigate how biased teaching was intro duced into its high schools and implement safeguards to ensure it never happens again. Sunshine is the best dis infectant, said Hurvitz. We want Newton Public Schools to adopt a policy of total transparency on its curriculum, immediately stop teaching the current biased one, vet all future curriculum materials for ac curacy and objectivity, inform students that they have been misled, and hold mandatory workshops on teaching the new anti-Semitism and objective Islamic history with all Newton teachers. Superin tendent Fleishman is clearly unfit for this task and should be replaced. Every day that youre outside, youre exposed to dangerous, but invisible, ultraviolet (UV) sunlight. Left unprotected, prolonged exposure to UV radiation can seriously damage the eye, leading to cataracts, skin cancer around the eyelid and other eye disorders. Protecting your eyes is important to maintaining eye health now and in the future. Shield your eyes (and your familys eyes) from harmful UV rays. Wear sunglasses with maximum UV protection.For more information, visit www.thevisioncouncil.org/consumers/sunglasses. A public service message from The Vision Council. HEALTHY EYES WEAR SUNGLASSES

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PAGE 16A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 31, 2018 By Naomi Pfefferman LOS ANGELES (JTA)Ask Ben Kingsley about why he was keen to portray Nazi criminal Adolf Eichmann in the new film Operation Finale and he describes the traumatic childhood incident in which he first learned about the Holocaust. The 74-year-old British actor was then in grammar school and at home alone when he turned on a docu mentary about the liberation of the Bergen-Belsen concen tration camp. I remember my heart stopped beating for a while, Kingsley, who is not Jewish but believes he may have some Jewish relatives on his mothers side, said in a telephone interview. I nearly passed out. And I have been indelibly connected to the Holocaust ever since. His connection was even more enhanced when he asked his grandmother about the atrocities, and she said that Hitler was right to have killed Jews. I went into deep shock and was unable to counter her, Kingsley said. But some thing must have clicked in my innermost soul that said Grandmother, I will make you eat your words. I will pay you back for that. You have not distorted or poisoned my mind. Kingsley went on to por tray the Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal in the HBO film Murderers Among Us; the Jewish accountant Itzhak Stern in Schindlers List; and Anne Franks father in a 2001 ABC miniseries. He also won an Academy Award for his turn as the titular Indian independence leader in 1982s Gandhi. During research for his Shoah-themed films, Kings ley became close friends with Holocaust survivor, activist and author Elie Wiesel. Not long before Wiesels death in 2016, the actor vowed to him that the next time I walk onto a film set that is appropriate to your story, I will dedicate my performance to you. So when Kingsley was offered the Eichmann role in Operation Finale after Wiesels deatha film that debuted Aug. 29 and focuses on the Holocaust architects capturethe actor jumped at the chance. Just as he famously carried a picture of Anne Frank during the filming of Schindlers List, he carried a photo of Wiesel during the filming of Opera tion Finale. [E]very day as promised, I looked at a picture of Elie that I carried in my pocket and said Im doing this for you, Kingsley said. Operation Finale tells the story of Peter Malkin and other Mossad agents who covertly hunted and captured Eichmann hiding in Argentina and brought him to Israel for trial in 1961, where he was ultimately executed. The heart of the story is the cat-and-mouse game between Malkin (played by Oscar Isaac) and Eichmann, both of whom were master manipulators, ac cording to the films director, Chris Weitz (About a Boy and A Better Life). Each one is trying to con vince the other of something, Weitz said in a telephone interview. Malkin wanted to convince Eichmann to sign a paper indicating that he was willing to go to trial in Jerusalem. And Eichmann is trying out various defenses that he will eventually use in Israeli court. So in that regard there is the subterfuge of the escaped war criminal and also the subterfuge of the spy as hes trying to turn a source. As for Eichmann, Weitz said, I think the evidence shows a very chameleon-like figure who is constantly try ing to serve his own ends and ambitions. Kingsley unabashedly sees his character as evil What other adjective can you use? he asked. Not only did he commit these crimes as an architect of the Final Solution, he went to his grave proud of what he had done utterly unrepentant. Yet Kingsley said he chose not to portray Eichmann as a B-movie, cartoony, comic strip villain. That would have done a terrible disservice to the victims and the survivors I know and love, he said. Its important for us to accept, to stomach and to swallow that the Nazis were men and womennormal people. Twisted people, but they didnt come from Mars. Weitz, 48, had his own personal connection to the ma terial. His father, the fashion designer John Weitz, escaped Nazi Germany in 1933 at the age of 10. Nine years later he arrived in the United States and later became a spy for the OSS, the precursor of the CIA. He interrogated Nazi war criminals and helped liberate Bergen-Belsen, which forever changed him, his son said. The filmmaker grew up with his fathers war stories and ultimately helped the patriarch write multiple books about Nazi war criminals. Valeria Florini/Metro Goldwyn Mayer Pictures Ben Kingsley stars as Adolf Eichmann in Operation Finale. By Ben Sales (JTA)When undercover Israeli agents captured Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann in 1960, JTAs reporters were just as surprised as everyone else. An article dated May 23 of that year described an abrupt announcement of the opera tion by Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion to the Israeli Knesset. JTA described his mood as hushed, almost incredulous. Ben-Gurions announcement did not in clude the place and time of the capture, which had taken place 12 days earlier in Argen tina, nor how it happened. For a moment, there was silence in the chamber, the article said. Then there was a burst of wild applause. Mr. Ben-Gurions promise that Eichmann will be tried under the law providing for trials of Nazis and Nazi collaborators was not lost on the House. The events of that story how the Mossad found and apprehended the architect of the Holocaust in Buenos Ai reswill be retold in the film Operation Finale, which premiered on Aug. 29. But judging from JTAs relentless coverage of Eich manns imprisonment, trial and execution, the aftermath of the capture was also a captivating drama. From the moment of the capture to his hanging two years later, JTA, then as now a news service syndicating its content to dozens of Jewish media outlets and subscribers, published more than 600 articles related to the ordeal. On June 3, 1960, there was a brief article, gleaned from reports in the Argentine press, with some details of the Mossad operation. Agents who had been tracking Eichmann waited until he was walking home after his usual bus ride. A car moved quickly to the curb and Israel [sic] secret agents jumped out and seized him, JTA reported, quoting the Argentine reports. His family became alarmed by his absence and checked hospitals and morgues. Realizing that he must have been abducted, the family fled into hiding, without knowing that six hours after the seizure, Eich mann was on an Israeli plane headed for Tel Aviv. The reports recalled that Eichmann had been living under an assumed name in Latin America for eight years. Until the Mossad operation was revealed, the world had no inkling that Eichmann was living as a fugitive in Argentina. Seven months earlier, JTA had reported that he was suspected to be hiding out in Kuwait. And only a few days before BenGurions announcement, a JTA story detailed prepara tions for Eichmanns trial in Frankfurtshould he ever be located. But once he was captured, JTA reported assiduously about his hearings and im prisonment, and how they were playing in Israel and around the world. Stories cov ered debates over the date and place of the trial; how it would relate to Israeli elections; protests by haredi Orthodox Israelis that Eichmann was transferred on Shabbat; and how the U.S. press at large was covering the story. A series of articles focused on an Argentine-Israeli dip lomatic crisis due to the unauthorized, secret Israeli operation on Argentine soil. Argentina wanted Israel to return the Nazi, and declared Israels ambassador personanon-grata. Israel refused and was backed by the United Na tions Security Council. A day after Eichmanns capture, JTA reported that he had identified himself in an initial hearing and, in German, pleaded not guilty to 15 counts, including crimes against humanity and crimes against the Jewish people. Even so, JTA reported that [m]any Jews who were sur vivors of Nazi extermination camps have telephoned police headquarters volunteering their services as executioners of Eichmann in the event he is convicted and sentenced to death. The trial itself opened nearly a year later, in April 1961. In the meantime, a film on Eichmanns capture called Operation Eichmann was screened in New York. Also, the Israeli government approved a $20,000 pay ment ($169,000 in 2018) to Eichmanns German defense lawyer, Robert Servatius. Two months before the trial, Servatius debuted Eich manns infamous defense that he was only obeying orders when, as a lieutenant colonel in the SS, he designed the systematic murder of 6 million Jews. Eichmann did not deny the facts of the Holocaust, the lawyer said, but believed he was only a small cog in the machine. During the trial, Eichmann sat in a bulletproof, glassenclosed case. The lead pros ecutor was Israels attorney general, Gideon Hauser. There was only one man, Hausner declared, in the sa tanic structure of Nazism who was almost entirely concerned with the Jews and whose busi ness was their destruction. This was Adolf Eichmann, who for years saw his destiny and callingto which he was devoted with enthusiasm and endless zealthe extermina tion of the Jews. At the start of the trial, ac cording to JTA, Eichmann had a pose of arrogant boredom. But by the trials third week, He had clearly lost weight. There was an inch gap be tween his neck and his shirt collar. The suit which had fit ted so well two weeks ago was sagging. His face was wan. Like many JTA dispatches of the day, the article carried no byline. JTA reported on the defense teams contention that he was not in charge of the machinery of the Holocaust. But under cross-examination, according to the news agency, he admit ted that he knew the term Final Solution meant mass extermination and proceeded with the planthough he evaded other questions, in cluding about his part in ordering poison gas for the concentration camps. Eichmann later told the court that the Holocaust was the gravest crime in human history. He also said the Nazis Central Press/Getty Images Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann on trial in Jerusalem, 1961. Ben Kingsley carried a photo of Elie Wiesel with him while filming Operation Finale As research for the film, both Weitz and Kingsley relied in part on the expertise of former Mossad agent Avner Abraham, who has curated a now-touring exhibition about Eichmann. Weitz eschewed photographing the famed glass booth in which Eich mann spent his triala part of the exhibitionbecause he feared that might be blas phemous. The director also said he had endless trepidations about depicting images of the Holocaust, and so chose to do so through the lens of the Mossad agents memories. The agents memoirs indicate that they all found it deeply unsettling to be so near the person who had taken part in the murder of their families, Weitz said. Some of them were disappointed that all this evil could have the face of this rather unprepossessing man, which felt terribly out of scale to all the damage that had been done. Heres how JTA covered the real-life story of Operation Finale and Eichmanns capture planned to kill all 11 million Jews in Europe. The trial concluded in Au gust 1961, four months after its start. JTA reported that Eichmann said he received fair and decent treatment in his trial. In the months fol lowing, he wrote at least three volumes of memoirs, and that November his guards asked to be relieved of their assign ment because they could no longer stand the sight of the defendant. In December 1961, one day before he was found guilty and four days before being sentenced to death by hang ing, Eichmann made a public statement. I carry my share of respon sibility, he said. What was done cannot be undone. It was done as the result of mass hysteria, artificially stoked up and then used by individuals for their own ends. One month later, in Janu ary 1962, JTA reported that Israeli Prison Commissioner Arye Nir ordered Eichmanns prison uniform changed from red to gray in order to improve his mood and keep him from suffering a nervous breakdown. In March, Israels Supreme Court declined an appeal of Eichmanns sentence. His May 31 request for clemency was declined, as was a request from philosopher Martin Buber not to execute Eichmann. JTA reported that before Eichmanns execution, two former Nazis tried to smuggle him a razor blade so he could kill himself. In one instance, they hid the blade under a stamp on a postcard. In an other they embedded it in a box of matches. Israeli agents found the blades both times. Eichmann was hanged on June 1, shortly after midnight. According to a pastors wife who visited Eichmann with her husband before the ex ecution, the doomed man showed no sign of confession or repentance.