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WWW.HERITAGEFL.COM YEAR 42, NO. 49 AUGUST 10, 2018 29 AV, 5778 ORLANDO, FLORIDA SINGLE COPY 75 Editorials ..................................... 4A Op-Ed .......................................... 5A Calendar ...................................... 6A Scene Around ............................. 9A Synagogue Directory ................ 11A JTA News Briefs ........................ 13A By Yaakov Lappin (JNS)Israels newest air-defense system, Davids Sling, made the headlines this week after going into action for the first time on the border with Syria. Although it appeared not to strike the targetin this case, two short-range missiles fired by the Assad regime against a rebel region near the Israeli border that should not be seen as a major setback, defense experts have told JNS. Produced by Israeli defense company Rafael, in partnership with American defense firm Raytheon, the Davids Sling system is designed to shoot down an array of threats. These include heavy rockets, cruise missiles, drones, short-range ballistic missiles and evasive airborne threats that maneuver as they fly. The system, which has been ready for use since 2017 following years of testing, plugs a hole that was left between the short-range Iron Dome missile-defense system, and the long-range Arrow 2 and Arrow 3 systems that defend against bal listic missiles in the upper atmosphere and in space. Davids Sling was designed from the start to be part of a multi-layered air-defense system, and when bugs are cleaned, it will do what it is supposed to Rafael A Davids Sling missile being launched. Israels newest air-defense system makes its debut do, Uzi Rubin, a leading Israeli expert, told JNS. Rubin founded the Arrow defense program in the Israeli Defense Ministry. The arrival of a multi-layered airdefense system is, in itself, a revolution, said Rubin. Every such defense system has its own role to play, in line with its ranges, he added. They decide what to fire according to the type of threat, he said. While Iron Dome is more of a lo cal defense systemwith batteries of interceptors placed near the area they Alon Sigron A beehive in flames from an incendiary kite at a honey farm in southern Israel near the Gaza Strip. By Maayan Jaffe-Hoffman (JNS)When you drive into Israels Shaar HaNegev Region in the northwestern Negev, the fields are burnt and black. The trees are broken, and the smell of acrid smoke stings the eyes and nose. It is a very upsetting Fire kites sting Negev honey farms just before Rosh Hashanah view, said Zeev Meidan, gen eral manager of the Israeli Honey Council. Meidan, who in the past was employed as a bee keeper at the areas Kibbutz Yad Mordechai, has been spending extra time in the southern district to support the regions honey farmers, many of whom have been the target of arson attacks by Hamas. He said fires in the Gaza periphery caused by aerial arson attacks launched by flammable kites and he lium balloons have caused millions of shekels worth of damage to the beehives of Kibbutz Erez and Yad Mordechai in the period just before Rosh Hashanah, the height of the honey harvest. On average, Meidan said, the hives would be producing as much as 50 kilograms of honey each this season. After many months of labor, we were supposed to collect the honey from our hives, said Boaz Kanot, chairman of the Israel Bee keepers Association. The recent fires have burned doz ens of beehives full of honey just before it was meant to be packaged and distributed. This is a huge loss to the industry in general and the beekeepers specifically. Many beekeepers rely on income from this sea son to support themselves throughout the year, ex plained Yitzchak Hakale Amitai, manager of Kib butz Erezs building and infrastructure. He said the beekeepers provide taxes from the profits to the kib butz, which will also suffer a financial blow. The government has com mitted to help offset the loss By Sam Sokol EFRAT, West Bank (JTA) Former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee laid bricks in a new neighborhood in this settlement in a ceremony Wednesday that took its lan guage and cues from Donald Trumps Make America Great Again rhetoric. During the ceremony in Efrats Tamar neighborhood, organizers distributed red caps bearing the slogan Build Israel Great Again and spoke of how thankful they were for the presidents support. Leaders of the Yesha Council, which represents the settle ment movement, indicated Sam Sokol Former Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee speaks at a ceremony welcoming a new neighborhood in the West Bank settlement of Efrat, Aug. 1, 2018. Settlers welcome Mike Huckabee the ceremony was part of an effort to garner American support for expanding the settlers footprint in the West Bank. I cannot tell you how proud Ive been of the president as it relates to the land of Israel, said Huckabee, a Trump sup porter, talk show host and ordained Southern Baptist minister. Speaking against the back drop of red Build Israel Great Again signs, settlement leaders took turns alternately praising Trump and calling on him to lift limits on settlement construction. WASHINGTON, D.C.Hil lel International announced that former Israeli Justice Minister and Member of Knesset Dr. Yossi Beilin has been elected to serve as chair of the board of Hillel Israel, a volunteer position. His ap pointment was unanimously approved by the Board of Directors of Hillel Israel. In addition to his extensive public service career, Beilin is the visionary of the Birthright Israel program, which has brought more than 650,000 young Diaspora Jews to Israel for 10-day educational trips. The Hillel movement recruits more college-age students for Taglit-Birthright Israel trips than any other organization. Yossi Beilin has spent his entire career devoted to strengthening the future of the Jewish community, said Hillel International President and CEO Eric D. Fingerhut, who also serves on the Hillel Israel Board of Directors. His insights into Hillels role in shaping tomorrows Jewish Beilin new Hillel Israel chair Dr. Yossi Beilin leaders are invaluable and we are excited to build and grow with his leadership. Beilin was chosen to lead Huckabee on page 15A Missles on page 14A Kites on page 15A Beilin on page 15A

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PAGE 2A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 MEDICAL ALERTHave you experiencedKidney orHeart Issuesfrom side effects such as Ketoacidosis caused by the Type 2 Diabetes medication Invokana?You may be entitled to Compensation.For Immediate Assistance CALL:321-274-1822Legal help is available NOW!SIDE EFFECTS MAY INCLUDE KETOACIDOSIS, KIDNEY FAILURE, HEART ATTACK, STROKE, COMA OR DEATH. Elders and children love Jewish Pavilions Inter-Generational program A wonderful time was had by the residents at Brookdale Lake Orienta and the children from Camp J at the third annual get together hosted by the Jewish Pavilions Inter-Generational program. From quiet one-on-one time, tech talk, puzzles, coloring books, cards, singing and dancing, everyone did it all and loved every minute. Walter Goldstein, Jewish Pavilion program director Children begin learning at an early age about the symbols of Judaism. Chabad Hebrew Schools bring joy of Judaism to children Jacob Cohen enjoys leading a game of Lotto for residents of Savannah Court as a Jewish Pavilion volunteer student in Fort Myers, Fla., it has been some time since hes had the opportunity to connect with other Jews at a Shabbat service. Its kind of like coming home, Cohen said. And its like being with my grandpar ents again. It feels good. The Jewish Pavilion wel comes student volunteers throughout the yearits a great way to earn community service credit while support ing a vital service in Orlandos Jewish community. To learn more, go to JewishPavilion. org or call 407-678-9363. Volunteering with seniors can be fun By Lisa Levine Sometimes all it takes is some friendly encouragement and a little banter to add spark to a game that may otherwise seem tame. At least, that was Jacob Cohens experience on a recent Monday when he took over as the caller for a game of Lotto at the Savannah Court Assisted Living Com munity in Maitland. Cohen, 21, and a senior in the bachelors in nurs ing program at Florida Gulf Coast University, grew up in Orlando and is spending part of his summer volunteering for The Jewish Pavilion. In addition to helping in the Pavilions offices, he is also assisting with some of its programs at area senior liv ing facilities and is making individual visits to some of the residents. At Savannah Court, the game of Lotto is played with a staff member pulling cards the size of small sign boards from a deck, calling out the card, and holding it up for residents to see. Residents are dealt extra large cards, and when one of their cards matches the card called, they hold it out for another staff member to take. The first player to hand over his or her last card wins a goodie bag filled with snacks and candies, and the game continues until two other players have handed over a last card and won their goodie bags. Then the cards are collected, shuffled and dealt again and the game begins anew. After helping resident Mary Lou with her cards and seeing how the game is played, Cohen took over as caller, and thats when the game got more lively. Cohen assumed a comfortable patterpart auctioneer, part play-by-play sportscasteras he announced the cards, and he bantered with the residents as they checked their hands. As the crowd warmed up, Co hen began remembering and calling them by their names. Soon they were chuckling and making quips themselves. Nice job, Jacob, called out one of the residents in a friendly way after the first round was finished. As Cohen learned in his nursing studies, the tone of your voice and facial ex pressions change how youre Preparations are in full swing for the new academic year for the four growing Chabad Hebrew Schools in the Greater Orlando area. Chabad Hebrew School is a warm and loving place, said Jenn Nero, who sends her son to Chabad Hebrew School in North Orlando. My son doesnt want to miss a day. The students come in with a smile, leave humming a Jewish song, noted Chanshy Majesky, director of CHS of North Orlando. We share the warmth and spirit of Judaism in a real and tangible way, and the children feel it. Each CHS location is run independently, but all four locations integrate a handson and in-depth teaching approach. We offer an affordable educational experience where your child will enjoy acquiring a solid foundation in Jewish education in a positive atmo sphere, said Rabbi Amram Hoffer, director of CHS of Greater Orlando in Maitland. Hebrew reading is taught using the acclaimed Aleph Champ motivational read ing program, which clearly defines achievements and goals with color-coded levels like in karate. The newest Chabad Hebrew School recently opened in Winter Garden by directors of Chabad of South Orlando Rabbi Yosef and Chani Koni kov, who already run a grow ing Hebrew School at their main Chabad center on Sand Lake Road. Parents in Winter Garden who were not being serviced approached Rabbi Yosef and Chani and requested a second branch in their area. Our goal at Chabad is to service every Jew. We want to bring Hebrew School and the joys of Judaism to as many kids as possible, said Chani Konikov. The attendance year to year at Chabad Hebrew Schools worldwide is going up. More and more branches are open ing in cities across the globe. In Orlando this year there are over 100 children enrolled for the coming school year. Chabad Hebrew School is for every Jewish child, from kindergarten to Bar/Bat Mitz vah age, regardless of affilia tion, religious observance or prior knowledge. Membership is not necessary. To register and for more information contact the Chabad Center closest to you. perceived, he said. In the hospital settings where Cohen has done a number of clinical rotations, adopting an upbeat and engaged demeanor can help patients feel that their nurse cares about them, contributing to their sense of well-being. Cohen applied a similar philosophy to his participa tion in Lotto: If you dont make it fun, theyre not going to have fun, he said. Having done a rotation in gerontology at a skilled nurs ing facility as part of his train ing, Cohen knew it would be rewarding to work with elders, and thats why he sought out The Jewish Pavilion to satisfy his degree requirement for 80 hours of volunteering. Im here because I like it. I have to volunteer, but I dont have to do this, Cohen said, adding, I thought it was kind of fun up there calling the game. We always have work at The Jewish Pavilion, said Nancy Ludin, the Pavilions executive director. Any teen or college student who wants to volunteer, well find some thing for them to do. Some of it might be meaningful work, and some of it might be more boring office work, but all of it will benefit the community. Cohen has been helping to update the addresses in the distribution list for the Pavilions monthly emails, a sizable task that must be ac complished each year. He will also help confirm the contact info in the Pavilions database before he returns to college for his final semester. Hes good at such detail work, but its the individual connections with seniors that Cohen looks forward to. One of the seniors Cohen is visit ing individually is Murray, a sociable resident of Enlivant Wayman Place in Longwood. We go out of our way to find the right fit for our young vol unteers to visit, noted Ludin. Cohen said he had espe cially enjoyed assisting with a Shabbat program at Brook dale Island Lake. As a busy

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 PAGE 3A Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan, who is considered an anti-Semite by the South ern Poverty Law Center. By Jackson Richman (JNS)A documentary featuring the notorious Louis Farrakhan will not be avail able to Netflix customers next month after all, with the media streaming giant citing an internal miscommunica tion. This film will not be re leased on Netflix. Due to an internal miscommunication, it appeared to be scheduled for release on Netflix, but it is not, a Netflix spokesper son told JNS. We apologize for any confusion this has caused. The 2014 film, The Hon ourable Minister Louis Far rakhan: My Lifes Journey Through Music, was pro duced by Farrakhans son and profiles the Nation of Islam leaders life as an extreme and polarizing figure. In a video post on Twitter on Tuesday, Farrakhan an nounced that the documen tary would soon appear on Netflix. My dear viewers and listen ers, on August 1 you will be able to view the premiere on Netflix of the ministers life journey through music. And, if you would like to leave a comment of what you think about that documentary, and its music, you can go to LCTWMusic.com and leave your comment. May God bless youAs-Salaam Alaikum, said Farrakhan. According to a list of newly available films on Netflix, published on Monday, the documentary was scheduled to be released on Wednesday. Zionist Organization of America president Mort Klein told JNS on Tuesday that the ZOA was planning to launch a campaign against Netflix. The media has legitimized Jew-haters Yasser Arafat, Mahmoud Abbas, Jesse Jack son and Keith Ellisonnow Netflix is attempting to do the same with the despicable Louis Farrakhan, said Klein. Its both frightening and shameful. Farrakhan, who organized the 1995 Million Man March in Washington, D.C., is infamous for anti-Semitic and other bigoted statements made over the decades. For example, in 1972, he said that Jews were in control of the media. In 1984, he again tooted this Or wellian horn and pronounced that Hitler was a very great man. According to Anti-Defama tion League CEO Jonathan Greenblatt, Farrakhans lac erating speeches over more than three decades and more from his pulpit and perch at the Nation of Islam have repeatedly placed Jews at the center of conspiracy theories blaming them for everything from controlling the banks Netflix wont run Louis Farrakhan documentary, citing internal miscommunication and media to engineering the slave trade. Despite this, Farrakhan still wields considerable influ ence today, with purported ties to at least seven Demo crats in Congress, including Minnesota Congressman and Democratic National Com mittee Deputy Chairman Keith Ellison. Additionally, Womens March leader Tamika Mal lory, who has been avocal critic of Israel, maintains a relationship with Farrakhan and attended his annual Sav iours Day address in Chicago this year, during which the minister labeled the Jewish people as satanic. By Hannah Jannol SAN FRANCISCO (J. The Jewish News of Northern California via JTA)Campers and staffers were evacuated from Camp Tawonga in North ern California on Tuesday morning due to potentially harmful smoke from backfires set by firefighters battling the Ferguson Fire near Yosemite National Park. A new crop of 330 camp ers arrived on Sunday, a day after officials at the Jewish camp were assured by the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection and the U.S. Forest Service that the fire would not im pact camp. But on Monday, Tawonga camp officials were informed that smoke from the backfires, set to slow the spread of the main fire several miles south, was cre ating very unhealthy air quality conditions. The main fire has so far burned 57,000 square miles of forestland. We were really surprised, said Tawonga Executive Direc tor Jamie Simon. [Cal Fire] said there was no threat to camp, and that they thought the fire is getting better. The Health Department said the air quality is good. At least 16 active wildfires scorching California have killed at least eight people and destroyed more than 1,000 homes and businesses. On Tuesday morning, six buses picked up all 300 camp ers with their gear, 200 staff ers and a 400-year-old Torah scroll for the four-hour return trip to the Bay Area. Among the group were 40 campers from outside the Bay Area, who will be hosted by local families. The last blaze to impact Tawonga was the Rim Fire in August 2013, which covered 250,000 acres and reached the grounds of the camp, where it burned three staff buildings. The Ferguson Fire started in the Sierra National Forest and is burning eight miles south of camp. The backfires are scheduled to burn through Thursday. Simon has been told the air quality is expected to improve by Sunday, and she is hopeful campers can return to camp that day. But the weather is unpre dictable and fire is unpredict able, so there is no guarantee, she said. California forest fire forces evacuation of Jewish camp By Ron Kampeas WASHINGTON (JTA) David Kustoff, running for re-election in Tennessees 8th Congressional District, had three things in his favor: incumbency, a solid Repub lican district and President Donald Trumps endorse ment. Kustoff was not taking anything for granted, though: In the Republican primary on Thursday, he faced a chal lenger, George Flinn, who spent more than twice what he has on the campaign and likes to remind voters that he is a Christian conservative. Which is notable because Kustoff is Jewish. Its unfortunate that some one would try and use Davids Jewishness against him as a wedge issue in the election, said Matthew Brooks, the CEO of the Republican Jew ish Coalition. The idea that someone would use race or re ligion or sexuality as a wedge stands against everything we hold true in the democratic process. Kustoff handily won the primary, 56 to 40 percent. This was not Flinns first run at public office. A radi ologist who owns a network of clinics, Flinn has been a candidate for Congress three times previously and also for the state Senate. He has lost every time. His single win appears to be in 2006, as a county commissioner. In 2016, when Kustoff won his freshman bid for Congress, Flinn described himself as a Christian conservative on the eve of the primary, and in response to a negative ad from Kustoffs campaign. This time around it was a recurrent theme. In a post on his campaign website accompanying a video ad, Flinn deployed the Christian theme in a particularly loaded context: abortion rights. If you want someone who has voted to fund Planned Parenthood, vote for the same old Washington insider that has sold us out, Flinn said. Or, if you want someone who will protect and stand up for our Christian, conservative values and pledge to never vote to fund Planned Parenthood, then Im your candidate. (The Memphis Commercial Appeal said the ad made ques tionable claims; the Planned Parenthood funding was in a massive omnibus spending bill that drew more GOP votes than not.) In an April 22 Facebook post, Flinn drew a blunt con trast between his Christian, conservative values and those of Kustoff. After cam paigning in Tipton County that day, Flinn said I talked with many who said they are fed up with the current con gressman. They told me he has compromised our West Tennessee values and does not vote with our best interest in mind. I told them theres a clear choice in this elec tion. I will NOT compromise our Christian, conservative values. One of two commenters on the post said Theres some shade. Christian values. The Kustoff campaign did not return multiple calls, but in an interview with JTA ear lier this year, Kustoff said he was irked when Flinn invoked Christian conservative val ues on the eve of the 2016 primarybut was heartened by how enthusiastic voters were once they found out he was Jewish. When I campaigned for this office, I would literally knock on constituent doors, and I would get asked by some, Where do you go to church? and my response would be Temple Israel, he said at the time. Virtually every time I would give that response, the person would say I love Israel, what can I do to help? Brooks said Flinns gambit was obvious. Hes obviously, unabash edly raising the Christian vs. Jewish issue, said the Republican Jewish Coalition leader, who noted that his organization has strongly backed Kustoff. Brooks said he heard from Kustoffs campaign that peo ple in the district had received push poll calls emphasizing Kustoffs Jewishness. Push polls advance a political agenda rather than accurately gauge opinion. Flinns campaign did not return multiple requests for comment. Deploying ones Christian ity on the campaign trail is not unprecedented in U.S. politics, particularly in the South. Barack Obama drew Jewish ire for doing so ahead of the 2008 South Carolina primary, and another candi date in the 2016 Tennessee pri mary, Brad Greer, described West Tennessee as Christian, conservative territory in his campaigning. (Greer has endorsed Flinn.) Brooks said Kustoff could not afford to take any chanc es in a volatile election season that has seen the ouster of longtime incum bents. Flinn has spent $2.7 million of his own money on the campaign, while Kustoff has spent $1 million of funds he has raised. Flinn depicted himself as closer to Trumps values, but Kustoff has voted with the president 93 percent of the time. Additionally, Kustoff has precious currency in southern primary politics: Trumps enthusiastic endorsement. Trump tweeted his endorse ment of Kustoff on July 27 and July 31, and he retweeted the July 27 endorsement on July 29. Congressman David Kus toff has been a champion for the Trump AgendaI greatly appreciate his support, the president said. David is strong on crime and borders, loves our Military, Vets and Second Amendment. Get out and vote for David on Thurs day, August 2nd. He has my full and total Endorsement! Its an unusual intensity of involvement made weirder by the stakesTrump endorses to punish enemies, to reward loyalists or if he fears that one of the candidates in a close race would lose in the general election. He tends to boost the primary candidate he believes is the safe bet to beat the Democrat. None of that applied here: Kustoff and Flinn fell over each other to out-Trump one another on issues like immigration and health care, and the 8th is a lock for Republicans in November. Its not clear why Trump was so deeply invested in this race; the White House did not re turn a request for comment. Kustoff left little to chance. In a recent ad, he got former Arkansas Gov. Mike Hucka bee, a leading evangelist (and also a leader in the right-wing pro-Israel movement) to push back against Flinns negative ads on abortion. Huckabee noted that Kustoff has the National Right to Life en dorsement. Dont believe what hes say ing, Huckabee said of Flinn, whom he calls a failed career politician. Why? Because David Kustoff is a principled conservative. In Tennessee primary, the Trump-backed Jewish incumbent beats a challenger who ran on Christian values Every day that youre outside, youre exposed to dangerous, but invisible, ultraviolet (UV) sunlight. Left unprotected, prolonged exposure to UV radiation can seriously damage the eye, leading to cataracts, skin cancer around the eyelid and other eye disorders. Protecting your eyes is important to maintaining eye health now and in the future. Shield your eyes (and your familys eyes) from harmful UV rays. Wear sunglasses with maximum UV protection. For more information, visit www.thevisioncouncil.org/consumers/sunglasses. A public service message from The Vision Council. HEALTHY EYES WEAR SUNGLASSES

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PAGE 4A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 Letter from Israel Whimsy is the solution, for now THE VIEWS EXPRESSED ON THIS PAGE ARE NOT NECESSARILY THE VIEWS OF HERITAGE MANAGEMENT. CENTRAL FLORIDAS INDEPENDENT JEWISH VOICE ISSN 0199-0721 Winner of 46 Press Awards HERITAGE Florida Jewish News (ISN 0199-0721) is published weekly for $37.95 per year to Florida ad dresses ($46.95 for the rest of the U.S.) by HERITAGE Central Florida Jewish News, Inc., 207 OBrien Road, Suite 101, Fern Park, FL 32730. Periodicals postage paid at Fern Park and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes and other correspondence to: HERITAGE, P.O. Box 300742, Fern Park, FL 32730. PHONE NUMBER (407) 834-8787 FAX (407) 831-0507 MAILING ADDRESS P.O. Box 300742 Fern Park, FL 32730 email: news@orlandoheritage.com Editor/Publisher Jeffrey Gaeser Editor Emeritus Associate Editor News Editor Gene Starn Kim Fischer Christine DeSouza Account Executives Kim Fischer Marci Gaeser Contributing Columnists Jim Shipley Mel Pearlman David Bornstein Ed Ziegler Production Department David Lehman Gil Dombrosky Joyce Gore Society Editor Gloria Yousha Office Manager Paulette Alfonso By Ira Sharkansky Should we worry about the future? Of course. But how far into the future? We should certainly complete the obligations we have committed to for today. And maybe next week. Beyond that, however, something unforeseen may get in the way. In matters of politics and public policy, its much more complex. How much to worry about the incompetence of the American president? Or the tilt to the right of the Israeli prime minister? Each of those characters may be the most weighty influence on the near future of the U.S. and Israel, but there is lots else that can mess up whatever they might be planning for tomorrow or beyond. Only someone obsessed with risk would bet more than a few cents (or agorot) on which of many possible domestic or international events can intrude. The most recent tussle between Donald Trump, his secretary of state, and vice president over what he said about Vladimir Putin sug gests the coddling that a great leader may face. Did he mean what he said about an accord with Putin? Did he even realize that he had gone 180 degrees from the agreed script while extemporizing? Bibis great accomplishment in enacting a nationality law appears empty of substance, but nonetheless capable of exciting opposition from Druze and others. Great changes in and around Israel will depend on the Palestinians putting their house in order, and getting ready for accepting something that has occurred since 1948. And that doesnt seem likely to occur anytime soon. Its not a crap shoot, especially for stable democracies. Bureaucracies in the fields of social policy, diplomacy, and security do almost all of the work, and very important in their actions is established policy and precedent. Things move incrementally, usually in small changes from whats existed. Adjustments come in response to whats not expected, but big changes are infrequent and unpredictable. The headlines are likely to be dramatic, but thats more likely to reflect a concern for media ratings than any certainty about whats likely to be important. Lots of Americans and Israelis may be embarrassed by details of what their leaders have been saying, tweeting, or doing, but in neither place is there a promising alternative to the man in charge worth betting on. Israels left and center is neutralized by the conflicts within Palestine. Lots of Americans may be embarrassed by their president, but no fix appears to be obvious. Cynicism, or more likely whimsy, is appropri ate for anyone concerned about the future. Cynicism may be too serious an option. Whimsy is less costly, and no less effective than donating to any of the do-gooders promising to fix, or call attention to the plight of the environment, inadequate social programs, corruption in government, the dangers lurking in migration, or evil outside of ones borders. In a mature society, like the U.S. or Israel, theres plenty of legislation, regulation, and administrative cadres in place. Most likely all the workable solutions have been considered on high. Security forces seem capable of de fending against the likely threats. Both the U.S. and Israel, along with numerous other developed countries have programs that have helped ambitious individuals at the bottom of their societies get themselves out of misery. Nothings perfect, or anywhere close to ideal. None of the do-gooders seems likely to civilize the evils or incompetence prevailing among Palestinians, or the enmity that pre cludes Muslims from coming together and agreeing to modernize and liberalize their societies. For the meantime, we seem stuck with Trumps passion and grammar, and Bibis symbolic moves to the right. Those worried about Israels security can relax. The IDF and other organizations are active, imperfect, but largely successful. So far the damage from incendiary kites and balloons has been less costly than a military operation that will cost some Israeli lives and would not, in all probability, bring Gaza any closer to a peace-accepting, and stable locale, whose government can reach and honor agree ments with the variety of armed Palestinian activists or its neighbors. Should the next balloon that brings fire to a kindergarten actually kill or injure children, then all bets are off. Alfred E. Neuman had it about right. There aint no cause for serious worry for those living in tolerable societies, at least partly because there aint any sure way of making them better. Contribute what you will of your money to the do-gooders, sign petitions and dem onstrate. Chances are better that itll make you feel good than make things better for the rest of us. You might also comment, irashark@gmail. com. By Stephen M. Flatow (JNS)Last Thursday, a Palestinian teen ager stabbed a young Jewish father to death and wounded two others. On Sunday, a Palestinian teenager who assaulted Israeli soldiers was released from prison to international acclaim. Later on Sunday, two Palestinian teenagers with machine guns and bullet magazines were intercepted on their way to massacre Jews. Palestinian children are not born hating Jews or loving violence. Who is to blame for encouraging and inspiring these young people to engage in such murderous behavior? We can, of course, dismiss the tired clich about how the occupation is what causes young Palestinians to turn violent. Israel stopped occupying 98 percent of the Pal estinians back in 1995. Thursdays stabber and Sundays machine-gunners have spent their entire lives under the rule of the Pal estinian Authority, not Israel. They had to leave their P.A.-ruled hometowns and go in search of Jews elsewhere precisely because the last Israeli soldier left their hometowns way back in 1995. So if its not the occupation, then what is it? The obvious answer is the P.A. school system. Every day, in every classroom, Palestinian children are taught that Jews are evil monsters, and Arabs who kill them are heroes and martyrs who will be rewarded with cash and virgins. And its not just the schools. Palestinian children are also exposed to newspapers, tele vision and radio programs, movies, plays and novelsall of which are saturated with hatred of Jews and the glorification of terrorists. And dont forget the crucial role of the enablers. Lets start with the extreme-left wing of the Democratic Party in the United States. Twentyeight members of Congress, led by Rep. Betty McCollum of Minnesota, have so far signed on to legislation that would prevent U.S. aid to Israel from being used to arrest Palestinian children. All 28 are Democrats. Any Palestinian under 18 qualifies as a child, according to the bill. That means that Israel would be penalized if its army arrested the 17-year-old who murdered the young Jewish father or the two 17-year-olds with the machine guns. Not surprisingly, the bill has been praised by Israel-hating organizations such as the U.S. Campaign for Palestinian Rights and the American Friends Service Committee (the Quakers). But theyre not the only ones who approve of McCollums anti-Israel initiative. Jeremy Ben-Ami, the president of J Street, which claims to be pro-Israel, was interviewed this week by the online news site Roll Call about the bill. Here was his response: These kinds of expressions from not just one member but a significant portion of the Democratic caucus, in my mind, is groundbreaking. Its part of an overwhelming trend. Fortunately, its not an overwhelming trend at all. There are 193 Democrats in the House of Representatives, of whom 28 have signed on to McCollums bill. Thats 14 percent of House Democrats who have endorsed the bill, meaning some 86 percent have not. Still, even though its not an overwhelming trend, its a worrisome trend. Whats especially worrisome is that J Street, which has a large budget and numerous lobby ists on Capitol Hill, is hailing this anti-Israel legislation as groundbreaking, and obviously encouraging members of Congress to endorse a bill that seeks to help shield teenage terrorists from being arrested by the Israeli military. The other enablers are, of course, the newsmedia outlets that downplay or even glorify teenage Palestinian violence. When Palestin ian teenager Ahed Tamimi was released from prison this week after serving her sentence for assaulting an Israeli soldier, some major U.S. newspapers treated her like a hero. Washington Post correspondent Erin Cun ningham authored a sympathetic tribute disguised as news. She could barely contain her admiration for the assaulter: As she spoke to reporters, Tamimis light, unruly curls fell over her black-and-white checkered scarf, long an emblem of Palestinian nationalism, Cunningham drooled. Imagine if an Israeli teenager was arrested for assaulting a Palestinian Authority security officer. Do you think Cunningham would be writing lovingly about her light, unruly curls? Of course not! Because from the Quakers to J Street, from Congresswoman McCollums of fice to the news columns of The Washington Post, violent Palestinian teenagers are praised, coddled and encouragedguaranteeing that their violence will only continue. Stephen M. Flatow is a vice president of the Religious Zionists of America, an attorney in New Jersey and the father of Alisa Flatow, who was murdered in an Iranian-sponsored Palestinian terrorist attack in 1995. His book, A Fathers Story: My Fight for Justice Against Iranian Terror, will be published later this year. Enablers of Palestinian child terrorists By Jonathan S. Tobin (JNS)In ancient times, people looked to portents involving the heavens and earth bound events in order to try to understand the baffling world in which we live, as well as to discern the will of their Creator. In the 21st centuryarmed with science, sophisticated technology and mass communicationwere much smarter than that. Instead of pondering the stars, we now expect the fall of a loose rock in an old stone wall to explain it all. When a boulder that was part of the ancient Western Wall fell this past week, it was just a matter of gravity, the loosening most likely caused by vegetation that grows in the ancient structure, the debris that birds place into cre vasses or an accumulation of moisture. But the crash of a 220-pound piece of rock was enough to set off a storm of commentarysome of it serious and some delivered with tongue firmly planted in cheek. All of it was designed to score points in the wars Jews fight among themselves, in addition to the one Palestinians still wage against Israels existence. The Kotel is the last remnant of the retaining wall surrounding the Holy Temple in Jerusalem that was destroyed by the Romans in 70 C.E. As such, it is more than a historical monument; it is infused with holiness for people of faith. Sadly, that has also made it a battleground on which efforts to ensure or suppress Jewish religious pluralism has played out. The rock fell into the area separated from the main Kotel plaza and in which a relatively small area has been set aside for egalitarian prayer. A plan to expand access to the area has been blocked by those who are offended by non-Orthodox prayer services. The ensu ing controversy has angered many Jews in the Diaspora. So it wasnt surprising that some people claimed that the rock falling was a sign of heavenly favor or disfavor, made more profound since had it fallen a day earlier on Tisha BAv when the area was packed with thousands of worshipperssome people almost certainly would have been badly injured or even killed. Jerusalem Deputy Mayor Dov Kalmanovich of the right-wing Jewish Home Party said the non-Orthodox might be the reason for the incident, and that these quarrelmongers examine themselves, not the Wall. In response, a U.S. Reform rabbi wondered, in what was clearly intended as sarcasm, whether instead the all had spit out a stone in protest against the passage of the Jewish nation-state law days earlier. More thought fully, Alden Solovy, a Reform teacher and blogger, invoked traditional teachings about Tisha BAv by warning that perhaps the sinat chinamor senseless hatred that helped destroy Jerusalem 2,000 years agois now undermining the stability of the Kotel. But as is often the case, these Jewish interne cine battles can obscure the war their enemies still wage against them. While the Orthodox and the non-Orthodox bicker about who can pray at the wall and where, the Palestinians are still denying that the site has anything to do with the Jews. As Khaled Abu Toameh reported in The Jerusalem Post, Omar Kiswani, director of the Al-Aqsa mosque on the Temple Mount, claimed that the loose rock was the result of Israeli archeological excavations aimed at toppling the entire plateau and destroying Muslim holy places. Yusef Natsheh, direc tor of Islamic Archeology and Tourism on the Mount, chimed in by saying that the slab falling was clearly a pre-planned test carried out by the Jews in order to test the strength the walls of the mosques before destroying them. The spokesperson for the Fatah Party that runs the Palestinian Authority also said that the rocks fall was proof that Israel was trying to destroy the mosque. Not confining himself to conspiracy theories, Fatahs Osama Qawas meh, who works for P.A. leader Mahmoud Ab bas, made it clear that the Kotel prayer areas were the property of Muslims, not the Jews arguing about them. We affirm that al-Aqsa Mosque and its sur roundings, including what is beneath it, are purely Islamic, Qawasmeh said. The Jews have no right to it. He also called the visits to the Temple Mount by Israelis a crime, even though Jewish tour ists are forbidden to pray at the sacred site in a futile effort to mollify the Palestinians. If all this sounds familiar, it should. Palestin ian leaders have been spewing such falsehoods, which amount to a blood libel against Jews, for a century in order to stir up hate. The recent stabbing intifada was set off in no small measure by Abbass claims that stink ing Jewish feet were profaning Jerusalems When a rock falls in a plaza... Tobin on page 15A

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 PAGE 5A By Raheel Raza (JNS)Since Sept. 11, 2001, whenever there has been a terrorist attack in the West (and there have been many), the question everyone asks is: Where are the moderate Muslims? Well, we are here, but our voices have been drowned out by the hysterical din of the Islamist narrative. In light of the urgent need to promote the voices of progressive liberal Muslims, a conference was held on Aug. 8 at the Jewish Com munity Center-Chabad of Aspen, Colo., in which five reformist Muslims spoke about challenges faced within the Muslim world. The key question posed was whether or not there can be reform in both Islam and the Islamic world. In my opinion, we are not at that point yet. Therefore, I prefer not to call myself a reformer. Instead, I believe we are reform-minded Muslims who wish to change the way in which Muslims interpret, implement and practice the faith of Islam. We would like to see Muslims join the contemporary 21st century and embrace the values of a liberal democracy, which means gender equality, freedom of expression, respect and tolerance for others, and separation of mosque and state. This is the start of sow ing seeds for change. This change has to come from within the faith because those standing outside will always be labeled. Therefore, the five speakers at this unique gathering are obser vant Muslims, and although each of us may have varied opinions, we are united in our efforts to condemn the dangers of radicalization and work towards modernity. In this effort, its important to distinguish between Islam as a faith like Judaism and Christianity, and Islamism, which is an ideology that is entirely political in nature and uses violence as a mechanism to further its agenda. The four main speakers who addressed the confer ence were: Dr. M. Zuhdi Jasser, presi dent and founder of the Amer ican Islamic Forum for Democracy; co-founder of the Muslim Reform Move ment; and a former vice chair of U.S. Commission on Inter national Religious Freedom, appointed by the U.S. Senate. An American medical doctor, he is author of A Battle for the Soul of Islam: An American Muslim Patriots Fight to Save his Faith. Elham Manea, a political scientist specializing in the Arab Middle East. She is known for her writings on a Humanistic Islam; her work in the fight against extremism and Islamism; and her defense of universal human rights. Manea has written Women and Sharia Law: The Impact of Legal Pluralism in the UK. Salim Mansur, a professor in the department of political science at the University of Western Ontario, London, is author of The Quran Prob lem and Islamism and De lectable Lie: A liberal Repu diation of Multiculturalism. Mansur is a survivor and witness of Muslim-on-Muslim violence and ethnic cleansing in the 1971 war and genocide The internal struggle for the soul of Islam in Bangladesh, formerly East Pakistan. Tawfik Hamid, an Islamic thinker, reformer and onetime Islamic extremist from Egypt who was a member of the radical Islamist or ganization Jamaa Islameia with Ayman Al-Zawahiri, who later became the second in command of Al-Qaeda. Dr. Hamid started fighting Radical Islam 35 years ago. Author of Inside Jihad: How Radical Islam Works; Why It Should Terrify Us; How to Defeat It, he has also written a modern commentary on the Koran that has more than 2 million followers. The goal of the conference was the hope that the audience would learn something new and be able to understand that the real struggle is within the world of Islam. Raheel Raza is president of the Council for Muslims Facing Tomorrow, a found ing member of the Muslim Reform Movement and direc tor of Forum for Learning. She is author of Their Jihad, Not My Jihad. Raza served as moderator of the Aug. 8 conference in Aspen. By Martin Sherman (JNS)One of the most mendacious and widely propa gated myths regarding the Middle East conflict is that Israels defensive actions against hostile Arab initia tiveswhose sole aim is to murder or maim Jews, simply because they are Jewscon stitute racism. The apparent reason for these grave accusations is rooted in the fact that some of the coercive measures, neces sary for the effectiveness of these defensive Israeli actions, are carried out differentially (and therefore, allegedly, dis criminately) against Palestin ian Arabs, on the one hand, and Israeli Jews, on the other. Of course, in principle, the claims that counter-offensive actions by a given collective, against hostile initiatives of an adversarial collective, are tainted by some sort of im proper, indiscriminate group prejudice against that collec tive, are clearly unfounded: conceptually, morally and practically. In the particular case of the Israeli-Palestinian clash, such claims are even more baseless. After all, to call on any collective entity to treat a rival entity, with which it is engaged in violent conflict, in precisely the same way that it treats its own members, is not only patently irrational, but also patently immoral. For, in effect, it includes the inherent demand to forgoor at least, to gravely curtailthe right of self-defense, i.e., the right to protect both the collective and its members from the aggression of the rival entity. To the best of my knowl edge, there is nothing in the theory of democratic governance that precludes the possibility of a democ racyeven one totally devoid of racial prejudicesfrom having enemies. Likewise, there is nothing to preclude the possibility that the ethnic identity of the enemy entity will differ from that of the majority of the citizens of the democracy. No ethical flaw in identi fying the enemy as such So, does this mean that measures intended to thwart, deter or punish aggressive acts against a democracy and/or its citizensvio late some hallowed rule of proper democratic conduct? Moreover, how is it possible to claim any ethical flaw in the behavioral code of a democracy when it identifies its enemy as an enemy and treats it as such? When couched in these terms, the answers to these questions seem simple and straightforwardindeed, almost self-evident. Sadly, however, this is not true with regard to Israel, especially when it comes to the conflict with the Pales tinians. In this conflict, democratic Israel is confronted with a bitter and irreconcilable adversary that harbors a pro found desire to inflict harm on the Jewish state and its citizensa desire, which is, for all intents and purposes, its very raison dtre. Certainly, by the declara tions of its leaders, the text of its foundational documents, and the deeds of its militant activists, the Palestinian col lective has unequivocally de fined itself as Israels enemy. Accordingly, it would be wildly unreasonable to expect Israel to restrict the measures it employs to counter Pales tinian enmity, to measures it employs against its own citizenswho harbor no such enmity! Arab enmity, not Arab ethnicity This, then, is the con text, in which the various countermeasures that Israel undertakes against the mem bers of the Palestinian enemy collectivebut not against its own citizensshould be perceivedsuch as: travel re strictions on certain roads; in trusive security inspections at roadblocks and checkpoints; preemptive administrative detentions; demolition of con victed terrorists homes; dawn raids on households suspected of harboring members of ter ror organizations; and so on. However, the enforcement of these coercive counter measures is not motivated by any doctrine of racial superiority, but by wellfounded security concerns for the safety and security of Israels citizensconcerns that are neither the product of mere arbitrary malice, nor of some hate-filled delusional prejudice. To the contrary, they are the result of years of bitter experience, of death and destruction, wrought on the Jews by Arab hatred. Of course, one might dis pute the wisdom, the efficacy and/or the necessity of any, or even all, of these measures, but not the reason behind their use. This is, without a doubt, due to Arab enmity, not Arab ethnicity. Accordingly, Israel would do well to clarify, forcefully and resolutely, this simple truth, which has been either unintentionally forgotten or intentionally obscured: Identifying ones enemy as the enemy is not racism. It is merely an imperative dictated by common sense and by a healthy instinct for survival. Martin Sherman is the founder and executive direc tor of the Israel Institute for Strategic Studies. Identifying the enemy as the enemy is not racism By Jonathan Feldstein This week, the fourth of my children visited Po land. Though the immediate threats to Jewish life in Poland today are not what they were 75 years ago, I cant escape the need to protect her from Poland, our history, and its horrors. I dont fear for her physical safety, but I do fear her loss of innocence as she will be exposed to the hor rors to which our people, and specifically dozens of our relatives, were subject, and murdered. Ive been to Poland and Ive witnessed concentration camps, death camps, the gas chambers, and the crema toria. Ive been to cities and small towns that once thrived with Jewish life, and in which now not a single Jew lives. Ive been to synagogues whose walls remain scarred with the marks of bullets shot at Jew ish worshipers, and Ive been to towns where entire Jewish communities were rounded up and locked in their syna gogues, in some cases to be burned down with the entire community inside. Ive never been to the towns from which my grandparents were lucky to escape as young adults along with some of their siblings. However their stories resonate in my DNA as to what their parents, siblings, nieces and nephews, and friends and neighbors suffered, and the anti-Semitism to which they literally became victims. My daughters visit to Po land this week is particularly meaningful considering that we also celebrate my young est sons bar mitzvah. He is our sixth child. The only one born in Israel. His birth alone fulfills the dreams of our rela tives before us who could only pray for, and possibly never truly imagine, the life we are blessed to have in Israel. He is named for my greatgrandfather, Shalom Yakov, who foresaw life for Jews in Poland getting dangerous and more precarious, and was able to get four of his children out before it was too late. In the end however, he along with my great-grandmother and their many other children and grandchildren, were murdered by the Nazis and their Polish neighbors. My son is also named for my fathers first cousin, Yosef, who was a little boy of four or five at the time my other great-grandfather left him and his wife behind in hiding while seeking help and a place of refuge along with his older son, Shlomo. When my greatgrandfather and Shlomo went back to find their family, they learned that they had been rounded up and murdered. I often put myself in the place of my two great-grand fathers, who only lived a few miles apart but may have nev er known one another. I am awestruck that in both cases, while my great-grandfathers couldnt do anything to change their circumstances, they also didnt simply fall victim to the Nazi horrors in Poland. One survived with one son, but lost his wife and younger son. The other was able to save four children, but despite seeing the writing on the wall, had no escape for himself of the rest of his family. In both cases, they were driven to save as many of their children as possible. Its impossible to imagine fully what was going through their mind: their thoughts, fears, and prayers. But as a parent I do know the absolute imperative to save their children must have driven and weighed heavily upon them. They probably prayed to God fervently, and lost sleep and were fearful much of the time. One greatgrandfather was murdered along with his children and grandchildren. The other left behind his wife and youngest child to find a place of sanc tuary in which they could be safe, and must have regretted until the day he died that he was not able to save them. At least in part due to the miracle of the survival of the few who were lucky enough to escape, our family thrives in Israel today. My daughter visited the towns and cities in which Jewish live thrived, and the death camps where Jewish life was snuffed out. I wish she didnt have to go there, to bear witness, and carry our history with her for the generations that will come from her. But its part of us. As much as Id like to protect her from this, I realize I cant and shouldnt. Someone once said that which doesnt kill you will make you stronger. I pray that she will be stronger for this experience. I spoke to my daughter just before boarding her flight along with dozens of classmates with who she grew up. As emotional as I Protecting our children from Poland was, I wondered what my great-grandparents thought in departing from their loved ones. When they said good bye, did they know or think it would be their final good bye? Did they have hope of seeing one another again? Did they imagine that their sacrifice would enable future generations like us to thrive? Or were they just too sad and fearful to have any of these thoughts? My daughter will come home physically and emotion ally drained. Two days later we will celebrate her little brother becoming a bar mitzvah. God willing, we will continue to have many future family cel ebrations. But always, we will carry this baggage of our past. As her father, I just want to try to make the burden lighter. When I speak to my son at his bar mitzvah, I will remind him that he carries the names and memories of two relatives Poland on page 15A

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PAGE 6A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 LIGHT SHABBAT CANDLES AT A COMPREHENSIVE COMMUNITY CALENDAR Whats Happening For inclusion in the Whats Happening Calendar, copy must be sent on sepa rate sheet and clearly marked for Calendar. Submit copy via: e-mail (news@ orlandoheritage.com); mail (P.O. Box 300742, Fern Park, FL 32730-0742); fax (407-831-0507); or drop it by the office (207 OBrien Rd., Ste. 101, Fern Park) Deadline is Wednesday noon, 10 days prior to publication. AUGUST 10 7:50 p.m. AUGUST 17 7:44 p.m. MAIL SUBSCRIPTION TO: Name ___________________________________________________ Address _________________________________________________ City/State/Zip _____________________________________________ Phone _________________________________ # ____________________________________________ expiration date __________________________________ Name _______________________________ Address _____________________________ ________________________ Phone _______________________________ YES! I want to be informed. Start my subscription at once. Please: enter extend my subscription for: 1 year at $37.95 52 issues 2 years at $69.95 104 issues 1 year out-of-state at $46.95 or 2 years out-of-state at $87.95 P.O. Box 300742 (407) 834-8787 Its inexcusable! My week is not complete without it! Im lost without it! I cant live without it! How in the world am I supposed to know whats going on? What are you missing out on?... Subscribe today! These are some of the comments we receive from readers when they miss an issue of Heritage Florida Jewish News Quote of the Week Speaking of the first flowers that pop up as the Negev starts to recuperate from kite fires: [They] are striking red anemones, which will ignite the fields in vibrant color. It will be very pretty. This new lifethat is the message I would send back to Hamas. Yahel Ben-Aris, a resident of Kibbutz Erez and volunteer coordinator for the MetroWest New Jersey Federation-Kibbutz Erez partnership Down 1. Draconian 2. Prefix with phobia 3. Some reach it, others waste it 4. Jeff Bridges sci-fi film 5. Physicians org. 6. Like Joyce and Wilde 7. Part of a forbidden mixture in Judaism 8. Locator 9. Flight info. 10. Hezekiahs Tunnel and the Yeruham Dam? 11. Make jubilant 12. ___ Chinam (baseless hatred) 13. Its a sense 18. Legendary sitcom actress Stapleton 22. ___ the best you can do? 26. Choir selection 28. One may be close or cold 30. St. for the character thats appeared in the most Spiel bergs films? 31. Get lost! 32. Places to sleep, in ads 33. Cant Fight This Feeling ( ___ Speedwagon) 35. Israeli coins 37. Like some spiders 38. Partake in a siyum 39. Drillers deg.? 41. Eric who wrote some Jew ish jokes into Spamalot 42. Wife of Sacha (Baron Cohen) 47. Conflicting 49. Sound in a cave 50. Jacobs and Cohn 51. I wont tell ___ 52. Mystery or romance, e.g. 53. Dough 55. Dot option 56. Illicit get-together 59. I.R.S. worker 61. Fire ___ (gem) 63. Start of Moses most fa mous line 65. Saquon Barkleys team, on the scoreboard See answers on page 14A. Across 1. Deep in thought 5. Goal 8. Least amount 14. Radcliffes role in Victor Frankenstein 15. X-ray cousin, briefly 16. Home of the Tempio Maggiore 17. Make like Madoff? 19. Belonging to Sharansky 20. Adler of Sherlock Holmes stories 21. Word with mark or row 23. Coup d___ (overthrow) 24. Writer Brown 25. That feels nice 27. Make like a gland 29. Wee 31. Pigs building material 32. Google co-founder Sergey 34. Sonic-speed unit 36. Ran at an easy pace 40. Transportation for Torah lainers? 43. Favor, in slang 44. Food for American Phar oah 45. Pearl or Mapex sets 46. Smartphone feature 48. More, some say 50. Role for McKellen or Fassbender 53. i item 54. Pick 57. On the ocean 58. Bus driver on The Simp sons 60. Observe the fifth com mandment 62. Actor Reagan 64. What the Israelites had on water during the first plague... or the board for this puzzles theme? 66. Like some grading 67. Reisman of Olympic fame 68. Web-footed diving birds 69. Creates slippery condi tions, perhaps 70. Be a noodge 71. Exam with a max. score of 180 Manageable puzzle On the Board by Yoni Glatt koshercrosswords@gmail.com MORNING AND EVENING MINYANS (Call synagogue to confirm time.) Chabad of South OrlandoMonday Friday, 8 a.m. and 10 minutes before sunset; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 8:15 a.m., 407-354-3660. Congregation Ahavas YisraelMonday Friday, 7:30 a.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 9 a.m., 407-644-2500. Congregation Chabad Lubavitch of Greater DaytonaMonday, 8 a.m.; Thursday, 8 a.m., 904672-9300. Congregation Ohev ShalomSunday, 9 a.m., 407-298-4650. GOBOR Community Minyan at Jewish Academy of OrlandoMondayFriday, 7:45 a.m.8:30 a.m. Temple IsraelSunday, 9 a.m., 407-647-3055. FRIDAY, AUGUST 10 Ahavas YisraelKabbalat, 30 minutes before sundown. Congregation Beth SholomSpecial Shabbat service with world-class violinist Zorly Zinger, 7 p.m. Info: 352-315-0309. SATURDAY, AUGUST 11 Torah PortionReeh: Deuteronomy 11:26-16:17; Shabbat Rosh Chodesh: Numbers 28:9-15; Haftarah: Isaiah 66:1-24. SUNDAY, AUGUST 12 The Holocaust Memorial, Resource & Education CenterExhibit: Deadly MedicineCreating the Master Race, on display through Aug. 31. Congregation Ohev ShalomMeet the Teacher event 1 p.m. to 2 p.m. with a Meet and Mingle and refreshments for families at 12:30 p.m. Prospective families welcome. Info: Amy Geboff, educator@ohevshalom.org. MONDAY, AUGUST 13 Israeli Folk Dancing7:30-8:15 p.m. instruction, 8:15-10 p.m., requests. Cost: Free for JCC members, $5 nonmembers. Info: 407-645-5933. Congregation Beth AmMommy and Me class with Cantor Nina Fine, 10 a.m.-11:30 a.m. $7 per family; free for CBA members Info: 407-862-3505. TUESDAY, AUGUST 14 JOIN OrlandoTorah Tuesdays, 7:30 p.m. No charge. More information email rabbig@joinor lando.org WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 15 Temple IsraelLunch & Learn with Rabbi Neely, noon1 p.m. A parashat discussion class. Open to the public, no RSVP needed. Info: 407-647-3055. SPARKLunch and Learn, 12:30 p.m. Join Jewish women and explore the relevance of the weekly Torah portion within modern-day life, with free lunch at 954 S. Orlando Ave., Winter Park. Info: Sarah Gittleson at sgittleson@joinorlando.org MAGALTemple Shir Shalom and Temple Israel join together at the Meitin Alliance for Growth and Learning. Open House, 5 p.m.-7 p.m. at the synagogue located at 50 S. Moss Road, Winter Springs. A Nosh of YiddishClasses in Yiddish the third Wednesday of each month sponsored by the Jewish Pavilion, held at Oakmonte Village, Royal Gardens Cir., Lake Mary (Valencia Building), 1 p.m. Info: 407-678-9363. Coffee and refreshments served. THURSDAY, AUGUST 16 Ahavas YisraelKabbalat, 30 minutes before sundown. A Nosh of YiddishClasses in Yiddish the third Thursday of each month sponsored by the Jewish Pavilion, held at Brookdale Island Lake, 160 Islander Circle in Longwood 10:30 a.m. Info: 407-678-9363. Coffee and refreshments served. Cornerstone HospiceVolunteer training class, 2 p.m.7:30 p.m. at 5655 S. Orange Ave., Orlando. Refreshments will be served. Info: Diane Anderson, 407-304-2604. Congregation Ohev ShalomMishpacha Sheli with Nina Fine, 9:30 a.m. Circle time with story, song, art and snack. FRIDAY, AUGUST 17 Ahavas YisraelKabbalat, 30 minutes before sundown. Congregation Ohev ShalomShirei Shabbat with Rabbi Kay for children, 5:30 p.m. with a nosh.

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 PAGE 7A Josefin Dolsten The Impossible Burger is served at Shellys Cafe in Teaneck, N.J., with cheddar, avocado, tomato, lettuce, sriracha mayonnaise and a side of homemade potato chips. tutes, but the Impossible Burger is not just an ordinary veggie burger. Shellys Cafe has four variations of the burger on its menuwith Swiss, cheddar, cheese fondue and a no-cheese option. The Orthodox Union, the largest kosher certifying agency in the United States, was thrilled to put its seal of approval on the Impossible Burger, said Rabbi Menachem Genack, CEO of the organiza tions kosher division. Approving the burger took only two months because many of its ingredients al ready were certified kosher, said Rabbi Yitchok Gut terman, who oversaw the process. Though the burger is 100 percent kosher, a cheese burger could raise questions of appearances. A Jewish legal concept known marit ayin (literally, apperance to the eye) bans certain otherwise kosher actions that could appear to violate Jewish law. In the case of the Impossible Burger, an onlooker could see an observant Jew eating what looks like a genuine cheeseburger and assume that mixing meat and cheese is allowed. But restaurants can deal with that by displaying a sign that says the burger is not made from meat, Genack told JTA. Still, some observant Jews may gag at the mere idea of eating a cheeseburger, even if halachah, or Jewish law, says the non-meat option is OK. A kosher cheeseburger is now possiblewell, almost By Josefin Dolsten TEANECK, N.J. (JTA) For many Americans, no hamburger is complete with out cheese. Whether a slice of no-fuss American or something fancier, the cheese melds the beef patty with the bun into umami-laden perfection. Until now, the cheese burger was the stuff of daydreams for Jews observ ing kosher dietary laws that prohibit the mixing of meat and dairy. Sure, there are vegetarian meat substitutes and fake cheesesmade from ingredients such as black beans and brown rice, cashew nuts and soybut the kosher cheeseburger remains a chimera. Now a new product is mak ing the forbidden attainable. Well, almost. The Impossible Burger is a meatless patty that has made waves for tasting and looking just like the real thing. It even bleeds just like a juicy burger thanks to heme, a protein that puts the hemin hemoglobin. In May, the Redwood City, California-based Impossible Foods announced that the burger, which launched in 2016 and is only available at restaurants, had been certi fied kosher. On Monday, it received another seal of ap proval as the Food and Drug Administration certified it as safe to eat after answering questions about the geneti cally engineered substance used to produce plant-based heme. As the burger debuted at a cafe in New Jersey earlier this month, the patrons seemed impressed. Its so good, its amazing, Deena Ganz, 34, told JTA. Ganz said shes always been curious about what the nonkosher dish tastes like. I would try all of the vari eties because I want to know what all the different types of cheeses taste like [with it] It lives up to the hype, it really does, she raved as she and her husband, Shmuli, 35, tried the Impossible Burger for the first time at Shellys Cafe in Teaneck. This reporter (who has been known to eat an occa sional cheeseburger) found the burger tasty and quite similar to the real thing. The meat was juicy, though per haps a bit softer than regular beef, and paired well with cheese. Noam Sokolow, who owns the kosher dairy restaurant with his wife, Shelly, said he typically serves only dishes made from scratch. He was willing to make an exception for the Impossible Burger. This gives us an opportu nity to serve a kosher cheese burger, he said. Weve had kosher veggie cheese burgers and other types of substi For people for whom kashrut and Jewish eating practices is a matter of iden tity as opposed to halachah, this is ironically more of a challenge, said David Krae mer, a professor of Talmud and rabbinics at the Jewish Theological Seminary who has written about the history of Jewish eating and identity. Ganz said she had no problem eating the burger with cheese because she was aware it was not real meat. Intellectually I know that its OK, so Im OK with it, she said. Its not weird, its just good. Shmuli Ganz said the unusual part was not having something that looked like meat together with cheese but the fact of eating a nonmeat burger. That was weird, he said. Having it with the cheese was not weird. At Shellys Cafe, the burger is selling well, Sokolow said. On the night it was introduced, the burger sold around 50 units, which he called an enormous amount of any one item. The least expensive of the Impos sible Burgers with cheese at Shellys goes for $22.95. Gutterman, the rabbi who oversaw certifying the burger as kosher, said he has been flooded with questions ask ing about it. Its incredibly popular, he said. Everybody is buying it! 205 North Street Longwood, FL 32750 www.elegantprinting.net Bring in this ad and receive 18% DiscountInvitations & AnnouncementsBrochures & Booklets Forms & Letterheads Business Cards C ustom Pri nting Direct Mail Services Envelopes 407-767-7110 Construction, Remodels, Additions, Handyman does most anything Available in Central Florida Area References AvailableRicardo Torres Handyman407-221-5482

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PAGE 8A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 Israel, but it was preserved in screenshots. Days after her original Instagram post, on June 20, at a news conference organized by the BDS move ment, Naidoo said she would participate in a fact-finding visit to Palestine led by the South African Council of Churches and South African Jews for a Free Palestine. On Wednesday, however, Naidoo was denied entry to Israel because she arrived under the auspices of the BDS movment. It is sad that in todays South Africa, expressing support for Israel in its struggle against terrorism leads to death threats against those who expressed their support, the Israeli govern ment said. Naidoo said she had come with an open mind in order to learn more about the is sues between Israel and the Palestinians. Im not anti-Israel and Im not anti-Jewish, Shashi Naidoo told the South Af rican Jewish Report from Jordan on Wednesday. The South Africa Jewish Board of Deputies and South African Zionist Federation noted the head-snapping turn of events in its state ment. It took less than 48 hours for the BDS to do a complete turn-around over Shashi Naidoo, they wrote. Indeed, the intention now is to set her up as a poster girl for the BDS movement. Being turned away at the border on Wednesday should not have come as a surprise to Naidoo, who was informed by the Israeli Embassy in South Africa last week that she would be denied access. I believe that flagging an individual whose only intention was to push an agenda of love and light is dubious, she told the South African Jewish Report in a WhatsApp message. I have said numerous times that I have no desire to be a politi cal tool. My only hope was to meet the people, experience the land and give aid to those in need. It was never a BDS itinerary. I really am devastated. The model, who was married to a Jewish man, Mark Sandler, until their divorce in 2011 after two years, later sent a second message that read, I was moving to Israel to do my Orthodox conversion. And now, nine months later I am not allowed entry. She did not elaborate. The newspaper reported that following the news conference with BDS South Africa and before flying to the Middle East, Naidoo had spent hours listening to lectures by BDS leaders. She declined to meet with the South African Zionist Federation. She also report edly canceled a scheduled meeting with Israeli peace activists and well-known anti-apartheid journalist Benjamin Pogrund. Naidoo said her passport was marked with a stamp that makes her ineligible to enter Israel for the next 10 years. But Israels public af fairs minister, Gilad Erdan, seemed to indicate that the ban could be negotiable. Dear Ms. @SHASHI NAIDOO Im sorry that we had to prevent your entry to #Israel today under our anti-#BDS laws Youre wel come to visit Israelbut not under threats & pres sure from hate-filled BDS groups, on a trip organized by BDS groups, in order to reeducate yourself, Erdan said in a tweet. The statement also said: I personally invite Ms. Naidoo to visit Israel on her own accord and experience the reality on the ground. She will soon discover that what she tweeted was true and accurate. Israel has turned away four active leaders of the BDS movement, including Jewish-American activist Ariel Gold. Some observers have said the policy only gives the BDS movement free publicity and activist cache. This South African model and others are getting favor able publicity and street cred in their home countries for being barred from Israel for their political views. Isnt that the definition of a boomerang policy? asked Allison Kaplan Sommer, a writer for Haaretz. South Africas BDS move ment is certainly capital izing on the moment, as Naidoo was welcomed back to South Africa on Thursday by Nelson Mandelas grandson and member of parliament, Mandla Mandela. While Naidoo at a news conference continued to describe her trip as educational and did not endorse BDS or take sides, Mandela wasnt shy, calling on his government to downgrade relations with Israel. We strongly condemn Apartheid Israels refusal of entry to Palestine for Shashi Naidoo and this reveals the true Apartheid character of the occupation, Mandela said in a statement, accord ing to MSN.com. The denial of entry shows that apartheid Israel treats the occupied territories of Palestine as a bantustan in which it is the sole arbiter of access. This denial is not only tanta mount to an infringement of fundamental human rights, it also violates the sovereignty of the Palestin ian state. A bantustan was a ter ritory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa and southwest Africa as part of the policy of apartheid. In May, South Africa re called its ambassador, Sisa Ngombane, until further notice after Israeli troops killed more than 50 Palestin ian protesters and wounded hundreds during protests at the Israel-Gaza border in the so-called Great March of Re turn that has been ongoing since mid-March. The ruling African National Congress party recently called for the downgrading of the South African Embassy in Israel, which is located in the Tel Aviv suburb of Ramat Gan, due to what it said was the lack of commitment from Israel on Palestine. Shaun Zagnoev, a spokes man for the South African Jewish Board of Deputies, said he welcomed Naidoos effort to educate herself about the conflict. Unfortunately, she has chosen to do so through the BDS organization, Zagnoev said. The BDS is based on the premise that Israel should be boycotted until it ceases to exist as a Jewish state. MEDICAL ALERT Have you sufferedInternal Bleedingor other complications due to taking the drug Xarelto?You may be entitled to Compensation. COMPLICATIONS MAY INCLUDE INTERNAL BLEEDING,STROKE, HEART ATTACK,PULMONARY EMBOLISMS OR EVEN DEATH.CALL us for a FREE Case Consultation.321-274-1598Legal help is available NOW! Famous improv comedian Wayne Brady got his start at the SAK Comedy Lab years ago. And although he most likely will not be among the SAK performers who take the Temple Israel stage, those who do are just as talented as Brady. So, dont miss see ing Temple Israel temporarily transformed into a comedy club on Saturday, Aug. 25 as Orlandos famous SAK Comedy Lab entertains the crowd with a personalized, one-hour show. The cost is $10 per person and appropriate for kids 10 and up. Free babysitting is available for younger children. There will be refresh ments in the social hall at 8 p.m., followed by a brief Havdalah service led by Rabbi Neely in the sanctu ary. The comedy show starts at 9 p.m. Please RSVP by Monday, Aug. 20 at http://tiflorida.org/ sak-comedy-lab-event/. Comedy night at Temple Israel Gallo Images/Sunday Times/John Liebenberg/Getty Images Shashi Naidoo shown in Johannesburg, South Africa, Aug. 3, 2017. She said she has no desire to be a political tool. By Marcy Oster (JTA)Its been a diz zying few weeks for South African model and actress Shashi Naidoo, who trans formed herself from a harsh critic of the Palestinians to what some are calling a cover girl for the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement. It all began in an Ins tagram post last month, when Naidoo called Gaza a s***hole and accused Pal estinian leaders of diverting aid in order to feed its am bition to annihilate Israel. She explained that she was defending a South African record producer who had been vilified for performing in Israel. The backlash was swift. Naidoo said she received dozens of death threats, presumably from supporters of the Palestinians. She was dropped as an ambassador of Glampalm Africa, a hairstyling brand, and by jewelry designer Adila Dhorat. She hired personal security guards out of fear for her life after angry Palestinian sup porters circulated her home address on social media. She then tearfully apolo gized in a video for having little knowledge of the is sues surrounding Israel and the Palestinians, and said she would be willing to be reeducated. She deleted her Instagram post in support of South African model banned from Israel goes from critic of Palestinians to poster girl for BDS Beth Shalom Memorial ChapelProudly Serving Our Community For Over 35 YearsLdor vdor ... From Generation to Generation Traditional Jewish Funerals Non-Traditional Services Interstate Shipping Pre-Arranged Funerals Shalom Assurance Plan Headstones, Grave Markers407-599-1180 W.E. Manny Adams, LFD Samuel P. (Sammy) Goldstein, Exec. Directorwww.bethshalommemorialchapel.com

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 PAGE 9A can be purchased at the following locations: Scene Around Scene Around By Gloria YoushaCall 407-657-9405 or gloriayousha@gmail.com ORANGE COUNTY JCC 851 N. Maitland Ave., Maitland JCC South 11184 South Apopka-Vineland Rd., Orlando Kinneret 515 South Delaney Ave., Orlando SOJC 11200 S. Apopka Vineland Rd., Orlando Browns New York Deli 156 Lake Ave., Maitland Most Publix Supermarkets All Winn Dixie Supermarkets SEMINOLE COUNTY Heritage News 207 OBrien Rd., Fern Park Barnes and Noble Booksellers 451 E. Altamonte Dr. Suite 2317, Altamonte Springs & 1260 Oviedo Marketplace Blvd., Oviedo Bagel King 1472 Semoran Blvd., Casselberry Kosher Kats 744 W. S.R. 434, Longwood Central Florida Hillel 4250 Alafaya Trail, Ste. 212-363, Oviedo Most Publix Supermarkets All Winn Dixie Supermarkets VOLUSIA COUNTY Federation of Volusia/Flagler 470 Andalusia Ave., Ormond Beach Most Publix Supermarkets All Winn Dixie Supermar kets Barnes & Noble 1900 W. International Speedway Blvd., Daytona Beach Perrys Ocean Edge Resort 2209 South Atlantic Ave. Daytona Beach Debary City Hall Debary Library Vienna Coffee House 275 Charles Richard Beall Bl Starbucks 2575 Enterprise Rd Orange City City Hall Orange City Library Dunkin Donuts 1296 S Woodland Stetson University Carlton Union Deland Chamber of Commerce Sterling House 1210 Stone St Temple Israel 1001 E New York Ave Beth Shalom 1310 Maximillan St Deltona City Hall Deltona Library Temple Shalom 1785 Elkam Dr. Temple Israel 1001 E New York Ave, Deland College Arms Apt 101 Amelia Ave, Deland Boston Gourmet Coffee House 109 E. New York Ave, Deland Stetson University Carlton Union 421 N Woodland Ave, Deland Family Bookstore 1301 N Woodland Ave, Deland Deland Chamber of Commerce 336 Woodland Ave, Deland Deland City Hall 120 S Florida Ave, Deland Beth Shalom 206 S. Sprng Garden Ave, Deland Orange City Library 148 Albertus Way, Orange City Boston Gourmet Coffee House 1105 Saxon Blvd, Deltona Deltona Library 2150 Eustace Ave, Deltona Temple Shalom 1785 Elkam Dr., Deltona Deltona Community Center, 980 Lakeshore Dr, Deltona Debary City Hall 16 Colomba Rd, Debary Debary Library 200 Florence K. Little, Debary OSCEOLA COUNTY Cindy M. Rothfield, P.A. 822 W. Bryan St., Kissimmee Most Publix Supermarkets Verandah Place Realty 504 Celebration Ave., Celebration All Winn Dixie Supermarkets St. Cloud City Hall 1300 9th St, St. Cloud St. Cloud Library 810 13th St, St. Cloud Southern Oaks 3865 Old Canoe Creek Rd, St. Cloud Plantation Bay 4641 Old Canoe Creek Rd, St. Cloud Osceola Chamber of Commerce 1425 Hwy 192, St. Cloud Valencia College 1800 Denn John Ln, Kissimmee Kissimmee City Hall 101 Church St, Kissimmee Kissimmee Library 211 E. Dakin, Kissimmee Robinsons Coffee Shop 114 Broadway, Kissimmee Osceola County Courthouse 2 Courthouse Sq, Kissimmee Barnies 3236 John Young Pwy, Kissimmee Reilys Gourmet Coffee 3831 Vine St, Kissimmee Shalom Aleichem 3501 Oak Pointe Blvd, Kissimmee Books-A-Million 2605 W. Osceola Pwy (522), Kissimmee Lower East Side Deli 8548 Palm Parkway, Lake Buena Sudoku (see page 14A for solution) Praise for Israel... I read this recently in a copy of the World Jewish Congress (WJC) digest and pass it along: Speaking at a meeting organized by the Israel Council on Foreign Relations,which operates under the auspices of the WJC, Bulgarian President RUMEN RADEV noted that the Jewish community of Bulgaria remains an integral part of the countrys society. He also stressed that Israel and Bulgaria now enjoy better relations than ever. The event came at the end of Radevs official visit to Israel. During his address, the Bulgarian president stressed that in Bulgaria, there is no negative image of Israel. Bulgarians have warm feelings toward Israelis. I think Israel is an example of a model state, Radev added. We see this in the hi-tech sector and the military. This model of keeping the citizens engaged, giving them the feeling that everyone has a part of the countrys future, this is the strength of your model and I think it could be beneficial to many other countries. Asked about moving Bulgarias embassy to Jerusalem, the president said that recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel is the important issue, but emphasized that Jerusalem is only one element of the peace process. We are committed to facilitating an open, ongoing dialogue between Israel and the Palestinians. Radev also spoke of the heroic refusal of Bulgarian society to allow the Germans to deport Bulgarian Jewry in 1943, the 75th anniversary of which was marked earlier by the Bulgarian government, the Jewish community and the WJC. Bulgarians opened their hearts and homes to the Jewish community, Radev underscored, expressing regret that the Jews of Thrace and Macedonia, which were under Bulgarian occupation during the war, were deported to their deaths in Treblinka. (Where are all those Holo caust deniers now?) Just a little personal note... I make it a habit to watch the Johnny Carson show and the Ed Sullivan show on television every night. I was watching the current Tonight show, but I didnt recognize any of the guest stars! (Ok, so Im elderly (almost!) Sounds like my kind of fun... The Roth Family JCC in Maitland has a program called HANGTIME, where kids can enjoy a game room, ping pong, board games, Lego and more. The fall session is from Aug. 13th to Dec. 21st. For more information, phone the JCC at 407-645-5933. The program is for children in grades K thru 5. (Att: ROBBY ETZKIN, Im just a little older. Cant you make an exception?) Ed Sullivan A special volunteer... Im referring to a lovely lady named BERNICE DAVIDS. For many years, Bernice and her beloved spouse, Joe (who passed earlier this year), have been volunteering with the Jewish Pavilion. They not only attended most functions and numer ous programs, but also came into the office regularly to help with mailings, program preparation and other neces sary tasks. Even in her grief, Bernice has reached out to the Jewish Pavilion to see how she could help them. Her commitment and dedication to them has been unending and is much appreciated. (A life well lived, Bernice, and you are much appreciated by all.) A fabulous performance... The show Gigolo officially opens the 2018-2019 Mainstage Series at the Winter Park Playhouse. It opened on July 27 and will run through Aug. 19. For tickets and other information, phone the Winter Park Playhouse at 407-645-0145. The Winter Park Playhouse is located at 711-C Orange Avenue, Winter Park. (This show is NOT to be missed!) The JCC39ers Cinema Sundays... On Aug. 12 in the Senior Lounge of the Roth Family Jewish Community Center in Maitland, the movie The Imitation Game with BENE DICT CUMBERBATCH will be shown, beginning at 2 p.m. Refreshments are also available. More JCC39ers... On Meet & Mingle Monday, Aug. 13, Senior Finances, presented by SUSAN TAYLOR & Associates will be discussed. Refreshments will follow the program, which starts at 1 pm in the Senior Lounge. One for the road... Max and Leah visit a plastic surgeon. When asked what they would like done, Max replies, Its her tuchus, doctor, her backside is getting so large that I can no longer get my hands around it. So, says the doctor, you would like me to perform a tuchus reduction? No, no, replies Max, I need a hand enlargement. (Oy vay! This reminds me of the time I went to Florida Hospital and asked for a facelift. They gave me a heart valve instead!) Bernice Davids Benedict Cumberbatch U.S. Air Force/1st Lt. Erik D. Anthony Two Israeli F-35 Adir jets fly in formation. (JNS)The Israeli Defense Forces said it launched an airstrike on Wednesday night, killing seven terrorists from the Islamic State who had infiltrated Israeli territory in the Golan Heights along the Syrian border. According to the IDF, Israel had been tracking the seven armed suspects from the Islamic State terror group in the southern Golan Heights near the area of the triangle of Israel, Jordan and the de militarized zone of Syria when the Israeli Air Force aircraft struck them. IDF Spokesman Jonathan Conricus said the terrorists had managed to infiltrate approximately 200 meters (650 feet) into a region between the Alpha Line and the security fence, but did not cross the security fence into Israel. IDF troops completed a search today where the seven bodies were located, and in the same area the following was found: five AK-47 assault rifles, explosives, and what appear to be grenades, the IDF Spokesperson Unit said. The IDF also said that it holds the Syrian regime responsible for all violent acts or threats emanating from Syria. The IDF stands by the 1974 Separation of Forces Agreement, which ended the Yom Kippur War and is still in effect today. Former head of the Counter terror Bureau at the Prime Ministers Office, Brig. Gen. (res.) Nitzan Nuriel said in a call with reporters organized by the Israel Project that Israel will not allow any changes to the 1974 cease-fire agreement with Syria. We will not let anyone to change that cease-fire agree ment from 74 [according to which only U.N. forces can be in the grey area between Israel and Syria] and those seven people were inside that grey are which is unaccept able, he said. When the Syrian forces with all their supporters are trying to capture the areas close to the borders we can expect more mistakes and Israel strikes Islamic State terrorists more friction with us. Again, we told them very loud and clear, through the Russians and directly by UNDOF and others, Dont change the rules... we will not let anyone, the Syrians, as well as ISIS, Hezbollah as well as the Ira nians [breach the cease-fire area]. The strike on the Islamic State terrorists comes amid a large-scale drill being held by the IDFs Northern Com mander to test its military preparedness. Despite this latest incident, Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman said that with Syr ian President Bashar Assads forces taking back territory in Syria from rebel groups, the situation is slowly returning to the one prior to the civil war, where Israel and Syria enjoyed decades of quiet along the border. In Syria, as far as we are concerned, the situation is returning to the previous one before the civil warmeaning there is a clear address, there is responsibility and there is a central government, Li eberman said while touring northern Israel.

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PAGE 10A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn leaves the stage after deliv ering an address at Queens University in Belfast, Northern Ireland, May 24, 2018. By Cnaan Liphshiz (JTA)Its been nearly three years since Jeremy Corbyn became the leader of Britains Labour Party, and he has riled British Jews more than any other politician in recent history. Last week, Great Britains three leading Jewish news papers united in publishing a front-page editorial warning that a Corbyn premiership would constitute an exis tential threat to Jewish life in this country. In May, the previous president of the Board of Deputies of British Jews said Corbyn has antiSemitic views and that his rising popularity is making Jews ask if they have a future in the country. This unprecedented rheto ric, accompanied by street protests against Corbyn by hundreds of Jews, follows his alleged inaction against, or tacit encouragement of, perceived increases in antiSemitic speech within the party. A hard-left politician who has called Hezbollah and Hamas officials friends whom he was honored in 2009 to host in the Parlia ment, Corbyn is widely ac cused of tolerating or ignor ing anti-Semitism disguised as anti-Israel speech, among other forms of Jew hatred. Recent revelations such as his defense in 2013 of an anti-Semitic mural, as well as membership around that time in Facebook groups rife with anti-Semitic discourse, have done little to improve his image. Ironically, though, the worst crisis yet in his troubled relationship with the Jewish community is currently un folding not over his partys inaction on this issue, but over what Labour says is one of its major attempts at addressing the problem: the adoption this month of a four-page definition of what Labour considers antiSemitism. Critics of the partys definition call it a defanged version of the British govern ments own definition. The governments definition, based on the working defi nition of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance, outlines classic expressions anti-Semitism and ways in which criticism of Israel can also be perceived as anti-Semitic. Labours definition trips many of the anti-Israel examplessug gesting, for example, that someone could compare Israeli policies to those of the Nazis and not be an anti-Semite. But Jennie Formby, La bours general secretary, said the document goes fur ther than the governments definition and will foster deeper understanding about all forms of anti-Semitism within our movement. For Britains Labour Party tried to define anti-Semitism to satisfy criticsit didnt go well Ian Forsyth/Getty Images Labour General Secretary Jennie Formby speaks at a miners gala in Durham, England, July 14, 2018. example, she wrote, Labour defines anti-Semitism as the use of certain derogatory words and tropes not included in the IHRA definition. However, amid mutual suspicion and mounting hostility, the debate over the merits and faults of a quasilegal document has dete riorated into a fight between Corbyns Jewish critics and his advocates. It has featured expletives and shouting by lawmakers, racist conspiracy theories and growing despair even among staunch sup porters for resolving the feud through dialogue. The main grievance raised by critics of Labours defini tion is that it omits four Israel-related points featured in the one adopted by the British government in 2016. The Labour definition does feature some examples of anti-Israel vitriol that should be considered anti-Semitic, including accusing Israel of exaggerating the Holocaust. But it also states that Israels own description of itself as a Jewish state can cause particular difficulty in the context of deciding whether language or behavior is antiSemitic. To David Hirsh, a Jew ish University of London lecturer who last year pub lished a book on left-wing anti-Semitism in Britain, the Labour definition is es sentially a loophole, or a way for Labour to articulate their opposition to anti-Semitism which would not define their friends as anti-Semitic. The Labour definition, he said, stipulates that offend ers must have shown antiSemitic intent in order to be disciplined. If you cant prove intent, then you cant prove antiSemitism. And nobody on the left has anti-Semitic intent, he said sarcastically. The new definition fol lows decades of accusations involving a former mayor of London, Ken Livingstone, who quit Labour in May fol lowing repeated claims that Zionists collaborated with Adolf Hitler. Livingstone went beyond the historical re cord that the Jews cut limited rescue deals with the Nazis, suggesting instead that Hitler was a Zionist before orchestrating the murder of 6 million Jews. Livingstone has a rich record of making statements perceived as anti-Semitic. In 1984, he said Jews were basically a tribe of Arabs, and that the Jews became reactionaries, turned right, nearly to be fascists. Corbyn, whose party had resisted repeated calls to kick out Livingstone, said Living stones resignation was a sad moment. Sixty-eight British rabbis earlier this month published an open letter condemning Labours divergence from the IHRA definition as insulting and arrogant, and calling on the party to adopt the international document. The Board of Deputies of British Jews has issued a similar call. The row over the defini tion of anti-Semitism has prompted a spate of resigna tions from Labour, including by John Strawson, a Univer sity of East London School of Law lecturer and Palestinian rights advocate, journalists Jane Merrick and Martin Bright, and lawmaker John Woodcock. Other Labour moderates are said to be plan ning to resign in September. Other critics of the defi nition have been less polite than Hirsh and other Corbyn detractors. Among them is Margaret Hodge, a Jewish lawmaker from Labour. Turning to Corbyn during a July 17 meeting in Parlia ment, Hodge said Youre a f***cking anti-Semite and a racist. You have proved you dont want people like me in the party, according to several witnesses of the exchange. Hodge, a knighted dame, has denied using the expletive. In the aftermath of the interjection, Labours ethics board has launched an inter nal investigation for disciplin ary infractions. The board is also looking at another Labour lawmaker, Ian Austin, whose adoptive father sur vived the Holocaust. Austin said he had a heated discus sion with Labour officials about the new definition but denies their claim that he screamed abuse at them. There are even claims that the conflict has descended to violence: Paul Mason, a journalist and influential Corbyn supporter, is accused of assaulting an activist from a Dutch Jewish group in the Hague during a visit there by Corbyn. The activist held up a banner during Corbyns speech reading Labour, for the many not the Jew to protest the new definition, among other issues. Mason denies assaulting him. Separately, Damien En ticott, a Labour representa tive in the south of London, admitted this week that he shared on Facebook an antiSemitic video accusing Jews of drinking blood for ritual purposes. Enticott has been sus pended pending an investi gationone of at least 250 cases featuring alleged antiSemitic rhetoric referred recently to Labours ethics panel. And Peter Willsman, a key supporter of Corbyn, was recorded dismissing the Labour leaders Jewish crit ics, saying I am not going to be lectured to by Trump fanatics. He also said about the 68 rabbis: Where is your evidence of severe and widespread anti-Semitism in this party? Corbyn, who attended the meeting where Willsman made these remarks, did not react to Willsmans as sertions, witnesses told The Jewish Chronicle. Labours adoption of a homemade anti-Semitism definition follows several actions that the party under Corbyn thought would ap pease critics but only ended up inflaming them. In 2016, an internal review found that Labour has an occasionally toxic atmo sphere against Jews but no institutional problem. The Board of Deputies of British Jews called the report a white washan accusation that gained considerable trac tion after its author, Shami Chakrabarti, was promoted to represent Labour in the up per house of the Parliament months after submitting the document. Corbyns attendance at an alternative Passover seder dinner in April was another controversial gesture. The left-wing group organizing the event, Jewdas, included a Prayer Against the State of Israel in its Haggadah that asks God to smash the Jewish state. It also included the Ten Plagues of the Oc cupation of Palestine. Either Jeremy Corbyn was deliberately provoking the Jewish community or mak ing a catastrophic error of judgment, Jonathan Arkush, then leader of the Board or Deputies of British Jews, said about the seder event. I dont know which of these is true. Keith Kahn-Harris, a Jew ish left-leaning sociologist from London and advocate of reconciliation between the Jewish community and Cor byn, wrote in The Guardian that Labours anti-Semitism definition has only com pounded the problem that its authors said they seek to solve. But Kahn-Harris said he cannot ascertain whether it was a cynical attempt to give accused anti-Semites a loophole or a genuine but botched attempt to address the problem they present. Maybe both things are true, he said. Around Cor byn, there is both a wide spread chaos and a small co terie of very ruthless people. Publication Date: September 7, 2018 Advertising Deadline: August 29, 2018

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 PAGE 11A OBITUARIES Orlando Weekday Morning Minyan (Conservative/Egalitarian ), services MondayFriday 7:45 a.m. (9 a.m.national holidays); 2nd floor ChapelJewish Academy of Orlando; 851 N. Maitland Ave., Maitland. For information call 407-298-4650. Celebration Jewish Congregation (R) services and holiday schedules shown at www. JewishCelebration.org ; 407-566-9792. Chabad Lubavitch of North Orlando (O) 1701 Markham Woods Road, Longwood, 407-636-5994, www.jewishorlando.com; services: Friday 7:00 p.m.; Saturday at 9:30 a.m. Chabad of Altamonte Springs (O) 414 Spring Valley Lane, Altamonte Springs, 407280-0535; www.jewishaltamonte.com Chabad of South Orlando (O) 7347 Sand Lake Road, Orlando, 407-354-3660; www. jewishorlando.com ; Shabbat services: Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. and 10 minutes before sunset; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 8:15 a.m. Chabad of the Space & Treasure Coasts (O) 1190 Highway A1A, Satellite Beach, 321-777-2770. Congregation Ahavas Yisrael/Chabad (O) 708 Lake Howell Rd., Maitland, 407-6442500; www.chabadorlando.org ; services: Sunday, 9 a.m.; Monday-Friday, 7:30 a.m.; Shabbat services: Friday, 6:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Family service, 4th Friday of the month. Congregation Bet Chaim (R) 181 E. Mitchell Hammock, Oviedo, 407-830-7211; www. betchaim.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Am (C) 3899 Sand Lake Road, Longwood, 407-862-3505; www. congbetham.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth El (C) 2185 Meadowlane Ave., West Melbourne, 321-779-0740; Shabbat services, 1st & 3rd Friday, 8 p.m.; 2nd & 4th Saturdays, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth Emeth (R) 2205 Blue Sapphire Circle, Orlando, 407-222-6393; Shabbat service: monthly, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Israel (Rec) Collins Resource Center, Suite 303, 9401 S.R. 200, Ocala, 352-237-8277; bethisraelocala.org; Shabbat service, second Friday of the month, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Sholom (R-C) 315 North 13th St., Leesburg, 352-326-3692; www. bethsholomflorida.org ; schedule of services on website. Congregation Beth Shalom (Progressive Conservative) Orange City congregation holds services at 1308 E. Normandy Blvd., Deltona; 386-804-8283; www.mybethshalom. com ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation Bnai Torah (C) 403 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 32174, 386-672-1174; www.mybnaitorah.com ; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation Chabad Lubavitch of Greater Daytona (O) 1079 W. Granada Blvd., Ormond Beach, 386-672-9300; Shabbat services Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation of Reform Judaism (R) 928 Malone Dr., Orlando, 407-645-0444; www.crjorlando.org : Shabbat services, 7 p.m. 1st, 2nd and 3rd Fridays; 6 p.m., 4th and 5th Fridays; Saturday: 10 a.m. Congregation Mateh Chaim (R) P.O. Box 060847, Palm Bay, 32906, 321-768-6722. Congregation Ohev Shalom (C) 613 Concourse Parkway South, Maitland, 407-2984650; www.ohevshalom.org ; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Shalom Aleichem (R) 3501 Oak Pointe Blvd., Kissimmee, 407-9350064; www.shalomaleichem.com ; Shabbat service, 1st and 3rd Fridays of the month, 8 p.m. Congregation Shomer Ysrael (C) 5382 Hoffner Ave., Orlando, 407-227-1258, call for services and holiday schedules. Congregation Sinai (C/R) 303A N. S.R. 27, Minneola; 352-243-5353; congregationsinai.org; services: every Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Shabbat Service evert Saturday, 10 a.m. Orlando Torah Center (O) 8591 Banyan Blvd., Orlando; 347-456-6485; ShacharisShabbos 9 a.m.; Mon.Thurs. 6:45 a.m.; Sun. and Legal Holidays 8 a.m.; Mincha/Maariv Please call for times. Southwest Orlando Jewish Congregation/Ohalei Rivka (C) 11200 S. ApopkaVineland Rd., Orlando, 407-239-5444; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Temple Beth El (R) 579 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 386-677-2484. Temple Beth Shalom (R), P.O. Box 031233, Winter Haven, 813-324-2882. Temple Beth Shalom (C) 40 Wellington Drive, Palm Coast, 386-445-3006; Shabbat service, Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 9 a.m. Temple Beth Sholom (C) 5995 N. Wickham Rd. Melbourne, 321-254-6333; www. mytbs.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7 p.m.; Saturday: 9:30 a.m. Minyan, Tuesday, 7:30 p.m.; Thursday, 10:00 a.m. Temple Beth Shalom (R) 1109 N.E. 8th Ave., Ocala, 352-629-3587; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Torah study: Saturday, 10:00 a.m. Temple Bnai Darom (R), 49 Banyan Course, Ocala, 352-624-0380; Friday Services 8 p.m. Temple Israel (C) 50 S. Moss Rd., Winter Springs, 407-647-3055; www.tiflorida.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday 9:00 a.m. Temple Israel (R), 7350 Lake Andrew Drive, Melbourne, 321-631-9494. Temple Israel (C) 579 N. Nova Road, Ormond Beach, 386-252-3097; Shabbat service, Friday, 7 p.m.; Saturday: 10:30 a.m. Temple Israel of DeLand (R) 1001 E. New York Ave., DeLand, 386-736-1646; www. templeisraelofdeland.org; Friday Shabbat service, 7 p.m.; Saturday, 10:00 a.m. followed by Torah study. Temple Shalom (formerly New Jewish Congregation) (R) 13563 Country Road 101, Oxford, 352-748-1800; www.templeshalomcentralfl.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7 p.m.; last Saturday of the month, 9:30 a.m. Temple Shalom of Deltona (R/C) 1785 Elkcam Blvd., Deltona, 386-789-2202; www. shalomdeltona.org; Shabbat service; Saturday: 10 a.m. Temple Shir Shalom (R) Services held at Temple Israel, 50 S. Moss Rd., Winter Springs, 407-366-3556, www.templeshirshalom.org ; Shabbat services: three Fridays each month, 7:30 p.m. Traditional Congregation of Mount Dora (T) Mount Dora, 352-735-4774; www. tcomd.org; Shabbat services: Saturday, 9:30 a.m. sharp. (R) Reform (C) Conservative (O) Orthodox (Rec) Reconstructionist (T) Mehitsa NANETTE P. BABENZIEN Nanette P. Babenzien, age 67, of Nashville, Tennessee, passed away on Friday, July 20, 2018, at TriStar Centen nial Medical Center in Nash ville. A native of Brooklyn, Nanette was born on June 2, 1951, to the late Joel and Cecille Kaden. For many years, she was the owner/ operator of the family pack aging and delivery service started by her parents. On April 11, 1976, in Roslyn Heights, N.Y., she married Eric Babenzien, her husband of over 42 years who survives her. She relocated to the Nashville area in 2014 to be closer to her family. In addition to her husband, Nanette is survived by her son, Corey Babenzien and daughter, Brooke Babenzien (Charles Pippin); and her grandsons, Alexander Pippin and Tyler Pippen. She is also survived by her sister, Andrea Rubin of Boca Raton. A graveside service, with Rabbi Arnold Siegel of Jew ish Family Services officiat ing, was held at Beth Israel Memorial Park, Gotha. Ar rangements entrusted to Beth Shalom Memorial Chapel, 640 Lee Road, Orlando 32810. 407-599-1180. NANCY RAE BEHRMAN Nancy R. Behrman, age 79, of Longwood, passed away on Saturday, July 28, 2018, at her residence. She was born in Chicago on Oct. 6, 1938, to the late Ray and Evelyn Nelson Bobeng. She earned her masters degree in edu cation and was a teacher in the Orange County School system for over 32 years. On Sept. 6, 1959, in Chicago, she married Bernard Behrman, her husband for nearly 56 years when he passed away on Dec. 14, 2015. The family relocated to the Orlando area in 1973, and were members of Congregation Ahavas Yisrael. Nancy is survived by her daughters, Heidi (David) Weiss of Ft. Lauderdale, Katie Adler of Ft. Lauderdale and Abra Behrman of Longwood. She is also survived by her grandchildrenMolly, Jenny, Harry and Teddy. A graveside service was held at Glen Haven Memorial Park in Winter Park, with Rabbi Sholom Dubov officiating. In memory of Nancy Behrman, the family requests contri butions to the Alzheimers Association, 378 CenterPointe Circle, Suite 1280, Altamonte Springs 32701. Arrangements entrusted to Beth Shalom Memorial Cha pel, 640 Lee Road, Orlando FL 32810. 407-599-1180. By Josefin Dolsten NEW YORK (JTA)Cantor Philip Sherman gives me a call after having finished two circumcisions before noon on Tuesday. Thats a light day, he explains. On Thursday, he will be performing circumcisions for four baby boys; on Friday, hell do five. Sherman, 62, is a mohel (in fact he was featured as one of Americas Top Mohels in a 2014 JTA article) and has performed over 20,000 cir cumcisions, both for Jewish and non-Jewish families. But in between performing mul tiple circumcisions a day and serving as associate cantor at Congregation Shearith Israel in New Yorkalso known as the Spanish and Portuguese Synagoguehe has another gig: actor. Most recently, the Ortho dox cantor, who lives in White Plains, New York, appeared in the Netflix hit series Orange is the New Black, about a womens prison. Though the role was smallhe played a judge presiding over a trial involving one of the prison ersSherman says it was his favorite to date. The really amazing thing about that is that its a real part in a real show, where Im not playing a rabbi or cantor or some Jewish guy, he told JTA in a phone interview Tuesday. Sherman has appeared in about 15 other roles in com mercials, TV series and mov ies, playing a religious Jew in most of them. He played a rabbi in a 1999 commercial with Whoopi Goldberg for Flooz.com, a now defunct digital currency, and a mohel in the 2011 comedy Our Idiot Brother, where his appearance was cut from the final movie but made it into the extra materi als on DVD. Sherman has also been featured as an expert on Storage Wars, a reality show where the contents of unpaid storage lockers are auctioned off. Shermans Orange scene lasts about a minute and a half, but was shot approximately a dozen times, and Sher Cantor Philip Sherman has appeared in more than a dozen roles in commercials, TV series and movies, mostly playing a religious Jew. Orthodox cantor snags role on Orange Is the New Black man had to come in another time to re-record some of his lines. Sherman said he later received a call asking him to come back to the series in a recurring role, but he was not able to make the filming date because he was traveling in Israel at the time. Sherman thinks the outfit he wore to his audition may have helped him snag the part. He came in his black robe from Congregation Shearith Israel, which resembles those worn by justices on the U.S. Supreme Court. When you have an audi tion, if you have the stuff to help make you look the part, you bring it and you wear it, so thats the idea, he said. Though the cantor be longed to theater groups in high school and college, he never studied acting. His act ing career launched by chance in 1987, when the Philip Mor ris tobacco company decided to feature a shot of Shearith Israel in a commercial cel ebrating the 200th anniver sary of the Bill of Rights. Sherman mentioned to the producers that the music they had planned to feature in the background during that shot featured an Ashkenazi, not Sephardi, melody and there fore was not representative of the synagogues culture. They ended up asking him to record a more appropriate song to play during the shot. A few months later, checks started to come in, he said. Apparently they put in my little voice, the thing that I did, and it was a 26-week na tionwide commercial, which back then was like hitting the lottery. The voice appearance earned him a spot in the Screen Actors Guild, now known as SAG-AFTRA, and from there he hired an agent who helped him land further roles. Over the years its been a lot of fun, Sherman said. Its just one thing that I get to do, and you get to meet all sorts of interesting people. Construction, Remodels, Additions, Handyman does most anything Available in Central Florida Area References AvailableRicardo Torres Handyman407-221-5482

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PAGE 12A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 Stephan Rhl/Flickr Imran Khan at the Rule of Law: The Case of Pakistan conference in Berlin, Germany, Nov. 26, 2009. (or that the army was always going to pick a winner). Khan, despite his time in England, has recent ly dog-whistled to hardline Islamists and has been dis tancing himself from his days as a star athlete and ladies man. Khan has pan dered to both Islamists and secularists. He has promised to create both the type of state that was established in Medina, referring to the Muslim city-state from the Prophet Muhammads time and the country that Paki stans founder Mohammad Ali Jinnah had dreamed of, which would have been a secular democracy. He is critical of Israel but less so than many other lead ers in the Muslim world. Khan winks abroad to both the Muslim world and the West. On Twitter, he repeat edly calls out Israeli policy toward Gaza, although in a manner more subdued than other leaders in the Muslim world, referencing Israels continued oppression against Palestinians and condemn ing President Donald Trumps move of the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem. Yet in a 2012 tweet Khan, in an apparent repudiation of anti-Semitism present in some parts of Pakistani so ciety and perhaps with a nod to the West, showed empathy for Jewish suffering. Just as questioning the holocaust is painful to the Jews, & we respect this, he wrote, so abuse of the Prophet is even more painful to Muslims. Experts doubt he will change Pakistans official stance toward Israel. In the glow of victory, Khan has made overtures toward the U.S. and Indiatwo countries that, along with Israel, form the nexus that Pakistans Senate chairman once called a major threat to the Muslim world. While he has not directly commented on Israel, Pakistan has a his tory of semi-secret relations with the country despite an official boycott of the Jew ish state and local derision of a supposed Zionist-Hindu conspiracy. In 2005, then-Israeli for eign minister Silvan Shalom met his Pakistani counter part, Khurshid Kasuri, in Istanbul, Turkey. Former military ruler Pervez Mush arraf attended an American Jewish Congress dinner in New York as the guest of honor. In 2009, the head of Pakistans spy agency con tacted Israeli officials to warn of potential attacks on Israeli targets in India. And in 2011, Israel was rumored to have exported military technology to Pakistan. Pakistani journalist Kam ran Yousaf, writing in 2018 in The Express Tribune, the countrys New York Times-affiliated newspaper, said that Diplomacy is the art of making new friends and avoiding confrontation with countries with which you dont have the best of relations. Pakistans policy toward Israel has historically followed the Muslim worlds boycott of the Jewish state an icy diplomatic reality that seems to be thawing. Proponents of that policy have now themselves em braced the change, Yousaf wrote. Saudi Arabia is the prime example. Ambassador Haqqani, however, believes that Khan will neither build upon these previous relations nor follow Saudi Arabias lead in thawing frozen relations with Israel. His political stance has been anti-Israel, Haqqani told JTA. He also has to take into account the fact that Islamist groups got 5 million votes in the election that got him 16 million votes. Given his own Islamic-nationalist rhetoric, I do not see Imran Khan as the man who would reach out to Israel on behalf of Pakistan. But miracles can always happen. Christine Fair, provosts distinguished associate pro fessor in Georgetown Uni versitys Security Studies Program, told JTA that any opening to Israel will be the decision of the army, not Khans, referencing the Paki stani militarys vast power. To my knowledge, she said, there is no such interest in the army. Michael Kugelman, deputy director of the Asia Program at the Wilson Center, ex pressed similar pessimism. Khan may consider him self a maverick and a bold reformer willing to go where others havent gone before himsuch as in his pledge to eliminate corruptionbut I dont think hell go out of his way to reach out to Israel, he told JTA. Not that hed rule out exchanges and relations, but the idea of trying to push for official relationsthats a tall order, and I just dont see it happening. Kugelman said, however, that for all the obvious politi cal and religious differences between the two countries, they share something fun damental in common in that they are religious states. Pakistans military and civilian elitesincluding Khanall have ties to the West, and when you have ties to the West, the chances are that youll have some type of exposure to Israel or to Jews, or both, he said. So none of these [previous] relations are surprising. The big question is if there will ever be a Pakistani leader who tries to push for a normalized relationship with Israel. If it happens, I doubt Khan will be the one to make that push. Israel remains open to establishing relations with Pakistan. The Israelis, however, appear open to establishing firmer relations. Speaking in India, in 2017, Netanyahu rebuked claims that Israels relationship with India is in any way a threat to Pakistan. We are not enemies of Pakistan and Pakistan should not be our enemy either, Netanyahu told reporters. Daniel Shapiro, the former U.S. ambassador to Israel, told JTA that he expects Israel to continue to seek avenues to open relations with many nations with which it has not had formal ties in the past, including Pakistan. Negative perceptions of Israel by some in Pakistan, and Israels close partnership with India, may impose some limits on what is possible, he cautioned, however. But that doesnt mean quiet ties based on security cooperation or access to Israeli technology are out of the question They can provide impor tant mutual benefits even before establishing official relations is possible. Will Pakistans hotshot new prime minister change his countrys relationship with Israel? By Charles Dunst (JTA)The election of former cricket star Imran Khan as Pakistans new prime minister has raised eyebrows across the globe. He has promised a new Pakistan, running on a light-on-policy nationalistic anti-corrup tion platform. Khan is known for run ning a team of one, making impulsive decisions, contra dicting himself and then us ing his enormous reserves of self-confidence and charisma to dig himself out, Jeffrey Gettleman wrote in The New York Times. Critics have questioned the legitimacy of his vic tory, as the election was widely considered tainted due to allegations of rigging and military interference. Some observers believe he could forge more functional relations with the United States and Indiadespite the U.S.-India-Israel nexus being reviled domestically while others are concerned he could further isolate the country from relations with the West. Khan has also faced long faced anti-Semitic conspiracy theorieshis first wife had Jewish rootsand since be coming a more devout Muslim in recent years has talked of making Pakistan a welfare state according to Islamic tradition. Pakistan, the worlds sixthmost populous country, has nuclear weapons and is located strategically next to India, China, Iran and Afghanistan So what is there to make of the countrys new leader? He was first a sports ce lebrity. Khan is a former cricket star who made his debut for the Pakistani national team in 1971 at 18. Upon graduat ing from Oxford University in England, he rejoined the national squad team, playing from 1976 to 1992 and cap taining Pakistan to victory in the 1992 Cricket World Cup. He spent much of his time in London in the 1980s and 1990s, developing a reputa tion as a playboya past he has aimed to distance himself from. Khan frequently visited London nightclubs, describ ing the club Tramp as his living room. He has been the victim of anti-Semitic taunts. Khan married the British socialite Jemima Goldsmith in 1995 when she was 20 and he was 42. Goldsmith is not Jewish, but has ethnic Jew ish roots and recounts being made familiar with Jewish traditions. Khans Pakistani critics have long exploited her heritage to undermine his do mestic political credibility. In 2013, political rivals wrote of his Jewish connections and spread innuendos about Jewish financing. Khan even filed a libel suit against a politician who accused him of working as an agent of the Jewish lobby. The railways minister, Khwaja Muham mad Asif, wrote in 2017 that Khans relations with [the] Jewish lobby are no secret. Imran Khan always re sponded to barbs about his alleged Jewish connection by saying that his ex-wife, Jemi ma, was brought up Anglican Christian, Husain Haqqani, the Pakistani ambassador to the United States from 2008 to 2011 and current director for South and Central Asia at the Hudson Institute, told JTA. I wish he had stood up to anti-Semitism, but he never did. Although Goldsmith con verted to Islam before the pairs marriage (she also learned Urdu and moved to Pakistan before the couple divorced), Khans past mar riage to a woman of Jewish de scent is considered by many Pakistanis as an unforgivable stain on the energetically Islam-infused platform, Paul Gasnier wrote in Haaretz. He has distanced himself from his Western past. Khans recent electoral victory demonstrates that Pakistanis have either looked past or accepted the blemish of his Western pastinclud ing his marriageor that the former cricket star was able to effectively scrub it away opened fire on Israeli troops patrolling the northern side of the security fence. No injuries were reported in this incident. Also on Friday, Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman visited Kibbutz Or Haner, some 3 kilometers (1.8 miles) from Gaza. If we have Color Red here, Gaza will turn deep red, too, Lieberman said, referring to the rocket warning system that operates across the west ern Negev. We would prefer not to be dragged into war, and were doing everything we can to avoid a large operation, but the ball is not in our court. I highly recommend Hamas be wise about it, he said. Commenting on the resi dents criticism that Israels response to Hamas violence is not sufficiently forceful, Lieberman said, I think we are mounting a forceful response. Do things need to go to the next level? Probably, but at the end of the day, our responsibility is to deal with all threats at all times, to ensure the normal routine hereand everywhere else. Channel 10 News reported that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in formed senior cabinet min isters that a new initiative to resolve the humanitarian crisis in Gaza was in the works with the aim of facilitating a stable ceasefire. Hadashot evening news reported that the recent flare-ups on the Gaza border have prompted Lieberman to propose dealing Hamas a more crippling blow, but Netanyahu opposed the move. Meanwhile, after a few rela tively calm days, Palestinian arson terrorism raged again over the weekend, as 28 fires were sparked in Israeli com munities near the border by incendiary balloons. The terrorist arson cam paign, launched in late April, has so far decimated nearly 10,000 acres of forest and farmlands on the Israeli side of the border. Incendiary kites and balloons have caused millions of dollars in damage to the area over the past three months. Environmental experts say it will take at least 15 years to rehabilitate the vegetation and wildlife that have been destroyed. Gaza will turn deep red if Israel is attacked By Lilach Shoval, Nikki Guttman and Daniel Siryoti (Israel Hayom via JNS) Two Palestinians, a 34-yearold man and a 14-year-old boy, were killed on Friday and 150 were wounded in a riot near the Israel-Gaza Strip border, Palestinian media reported over the weekend. According to the Israeli mili tary, some 7,000 Palestinians took part in border demon strations. The Israel Defense Forces opened fire to ward off rioters who threw rocks and firebombs, and rolled burning tires at the security fence in attempts to sabotage i t. The IDF targeted a Hamas position in Gaza on Friday evening after Palestinians Every day that youre outside, youre exposed to dangerous, but invisible, ultraviolet (UV) sunlight. Left unprotected, prolonged exposure to UV radiation can seriously damage the eye, leading to cataracts, skin cancer around the eyelid and other eye disorders. Protecting your eyes is important to maintaining eye health now and in the future. Shield your eyes (and your familys eyes) from harmful UV rays. Wear sunglasses with maximum UV protection.For more information, visit www.thevisioncouncil.org/consumers/sunglasses. A public service message from The Vision Council. HEALTHY EYES WEAR SUNGLASSES

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 PAGE 13A Weekly roundup of world briefs from JTA Northern California Jewish camp cancels final session over forest fires (JTA)The final summer session of Camp Tawonga in Northern California has been canceled due to smoke from the Ferguson Forest Fire. In a letter to parents also posted on social media, the director of the Jewish camp, Jamie Simon, said that the U.S. Forest Service, the Tuolumne County Health Department and CAL FIRE all recommend that Camp Tawonga remains closed for at least another week due to unhealthy air quality and volatile fire conditions. She also said the camp property was not in danger. Our thoughts are with the thousands of brave men and women still fighting this fire and many others in California, she wrote. More than 300 campers from the previous camp session were sent home on July 31 due to the fire and the backfires set to contain the blaze. About 40 of the campers came from outside the Bay Area and were temporarily hosted by Camp Tawonga families. The campers are receiving full refunds, ac cording to J. The Jewish News of Northern California. In Tawongas 93-year his tory, we have never before had to cancel a session, and we want to do everything we can to support our Tawonga families during this time, read the email sent to parents, according to J. The last blaze to impact Tawonga was the Rim Fire in August 2013, which covered 250,000 acres and reached the grounds of the camp, where it burned three staff buildings. The Ferguson Fire started in the Sierra National Forest and is burning eight miles south of camp. The 25-day old fire, which moved over the weekend into Yosemite National Park leas ing to the closure of all but one entrance, as of Sunday evening had burned 89,633 acres (140 square miles) and was 38 percent contained. Full containment is esti mated by Aug. 15, according to Cal Fire. Charlotte Rae, who starred as Mrs. Garrett on The Facts of Life, dies at 92 (JTA)Actress Charlotte Rae, who won acclaim playing the housemother Edna Gar rett on the sitcom The Facts of Life, has died. She was 92. Rae, who was nominated for Emmy and Tony awards, died Sunday at her home in Los Angeles. She was diag nosed last year with bone cancer; she had survived pancreatic cancer. Rae first appeared as Mrs. Garrett in a recurring role as a housekeeper on the popular sitcom Diffrent Strokes, and then for seven years on its spinoff, The Facts of Life, beginning in 1979. Her Emmy nomination was for the show. Her career also featured appearances on more than 50 television shows. Rae worked in theater before her TV career took off, garnering two Tony nomi nations in 1966 as best featured actress in a musical in Pickwick, and in 1969 for best actress in a play for Morning, Noon and Night. Her last role in a feature film was alongside Meryl Streep in the 2015 movie Rikki and the Flash. She also appeared in films such as Woody Allens Bananas in 1971, Hair in 1979 and the Adam Sandler comedy You Dont Mess with the Zohan in 2008. Rae was born Charlotte Rae Lubotsky in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to Russian Jewish immigrants. Her mother, Esther, was a childhood friend of the future Israeli prime minister Golda Meir, also a Milwaukee native. Rae reportedly dropped her Jewish-sounding surname on the advice of an unnamed radio personality. She released her autobiog raphy, The Facts of My Life, in 2015, co-written by her son Larry Strauss. Rae was married for 25 years to composer John Strauss, but divorced in 1976 when he came out as bisexual. Her son Andrew, who was diagnosed with autism, died in his mid-40s of a heart at tack in 1999. She is survived by her son, Larry; three grandchildren; and a sister, Miriam Guten. Tens of thousands of Druze and their sup porters rally against nation-state law JERUSALEM (JTA)Tens of thousands of Israels Druze community and their sup porters rallied in Tel Aviv against the controversial nation-state law. Israeli media reported that at least 50,000 and up to 90,000 participated in the Druze-led rally on Saturday night in Rabin Square. Many protesters carried the Druze flag and the Tel Aviv city hall was lit up in the colors of the Druze flag. Were all proud of the democratic and free State of Israel, where human dignity and freedom are the supreme values. Weve never doubted the Jewish identity of the state. We recognized its Jewish character with full equality for its non-Jewish citizens, Druze religious leader Sheikh Mowafak Tarif said at the rally. No one can teach us what sacrifice is, and no one can preach to us about loyalty and devotionthe military cemeteries are a testament to that. We are determined to fight alongside you for the states character and the right to live in it with equality and dignity, Tarif, who received the honor of lighting a torch at last years national Inde pendence Day ceremony, said. Despite our unconditional loyalty to the state, the state doesnt see us as equals. The cry of the Druze community is real. They feel justifiably that someone seeks to take their Israeliness away. Tarif also said that he sincerely believes that Prime Minister Benjamin Netan yahu, who has had several meetings with Druze leaders since the passage of the law, and who appointed a highlevel committee to recom mend and implement actions to cement the position of the Druze in Israel society, plans to fix the damage caused by the law. We came here to tell the entire Israeli nation, with all of the Israeli people, that this country is for all of us, retired Brig. Gen. Amal Assad told The Associated Press. We were born here, we will die here, we love this country, we have defended it, and we will continue to live here togetherJews, Arabs, Druze, Circassians, Bedouins, as equal brothers. We are all Israelis. Druze, unlike other Arabs who make Israel their home, are subject to the mandatory draft. Several Druze service men in the last week have announced that they would resign from the military due to the passage of the law. Assad, who spearheaded activity against the nationstate law passed last month, became more well known in Israel last week amid reports that Prime Minister Benja min Netanyahu abruptly left a meeting with him and other Druze leaders after Assad said that the new law would lead to apartheid. Ahead of the rally, 40 former Israeli diplomats released a statement against the nation-state law, saying that they are embarrassed and pained by its passage. During our years of ser vice for the State of Israel, we could always look world nations in the eye and tell them with an honest heart that Israel, being the only democracy in the Middle East, is indeed a proud Jew ish state, but one run in the spirit of Israels prophets and upholding equality between its different components, including by maintaining Arabic as an official language alongside Hebrew, the state ment said. Being proud of the right we were given to represent the State of Israel, defend it publicly, promote its in terests, its security and our governments policy, and act to advance science, the economy and culture in Israel, we express our pro test against the legislation that excludes the minorities among usArabs, Muslims, Druze, Christians, Circas sians and others, it also said. During the rally, opposi tion leader Tzippy Livni and Avi Gabbay, head of the Labor Party, announced in a state ment that they would pass legislation making Israels Declaration of Independence, which calls Israel a Jewish and democratic state, the constitution of the country. Hours after the end of the rally, Netanyahu on Sunday morning at the regular Cabinet meeting addressed again the issue of the nation-state law. The State of Israel is the national state of the Jewish people. Israel is a Jewish and democratic state. Individual rights are anchored in many laws including Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty. Nobody has harmed and no body intends to harm these individual rights but without the Nation-State Law it will be impossible to ensure for [fu ture] generations the future of Israel as a Jewish national state, Netanyahu said. He also said that the deep bond between the Druze community and our commit ment to it are also essential; therefore, today we will es tablish a special ministerial committee to advance this bond and this commitment and at the same time will ap preciate those of all religions and all ethnic communities who serve in the IDF and the security forces. Amazon removes racist and anti-Semitic prod ucts from site (JTA)Amazon removed racist and anti-Semitic prod ucts from its site being offered by third-party sellers. Amazon announced the move in a letter to Rep. Keith Ellison, D-Minn., dated July 31. In mid-July, Ellison in a letter to Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos called for the company to stop selling products that promote hateful and racist ideologies. Among the products re moved were a Nazi swastika pendant, a Nazi eagle sticker and a cross-burning onesie for baby boys, according to BuzzFeed, which published the letter. Amazon also was offering books by white na tionalist printing houses, including on Kindle. In its letter to Ellison, Amazon said that it prohibits the listing of products that promote or glorify hatred, violence, racial, sexual, or religious intolerance or pro motore organizations with such views. The company said it had reviewed the products and contents referenced in El lisons letter and removed the listings that were found in violation of our policies and permanently blocked the seller accounts that were in violation of Amazon policy. Amazon also said it is reviewing seller accounts for potential suspension. 2 American-Jewish activists living in Israel detained at border with Egypt JERUSALEM (JTA)Two American-Jewish activists who live and work in Israel were detained by Israeli au thorities for more than three hours at Egypts border with Israel. Simone Zimmerman and Abby Kirschbaum were re turning from a weekend in the Sinai with friends. They both carry type B1 work visas reg istered with Israeli nonprofit human rights organizations. Zimmerman said in a series of tweets that she was questioned by the agents from the Israel Security Agency, or Shin Bet, and they asked her why she came to Israel to work with Palestinians as opposed to with Jews. She also told the Israeli media that the security agents asked her about what places she has visited in the West Bank and what she thinks about Prime Minister Benja min Netanyahu. Zimmerman, a founding member of the IfNotNow organization, served for a short time as Jewish outreach coordinator for the 2016 presi dential campaign of Bernie Sanders. She was fired over a Facebook post in which she used vulgar terms to describe Netanyahu and called him a murderer. The scariest part of this wasnt the fear that they would deport us, Zimmerman said in a statement. We had teams of people making calls and ad vocating for us, ready to raise hell. And the truth is that for Jews in the Jewish state, we still hold a ton of privilege. The scariest part is the horrifying realization of how badly the Israeli government wants to scare Jews away from Palestin ians. They are using all tactics to make the cost of knowing & working with Palestinians so risky that we wont dare to do it at all. Kirschbaum said: The level of surveillance and intimidation we experienced tonight was unsettling, but it is a fraction of the lived reality for the Palestinians I know and am proud to work with. In July, Israel denied entry to Jewish-American activist Ariel Gold, who is active in the social justice NGO CodePink, because of her work with the BDS movement, despite hav ing a valid student visa. Also last month, the prom inent Jewish philanthro pist Meyer Koplow, chair of Brandeis Universitys board of trustees and a longtime donor to pro-Israel causes, said he was aggressively questioned by Israeli airport security before leaving the country after going on a Jewish tour of Palestinian areas of the West Bank. Jeremy Corbyn again acknowledges anti-Sem itism in Labour Party, this time in a video (JTA)British Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn acknowledged that anti-Semi tism has surfaced in the party and sincerely apologized for the hurt that has been caused to many Jewish people. Corbyn made the state ments in a three-minute video posted on social media on Sunday. Anyone who denies this has surfaced in our party is clearly actually wrong and contributing to the problem, Corbyn said. I acknowledge there is a real problem of anti-Semitism that Labour is working to overcome. We have been too slow in processing disciplinary cases of, mostly online, anti-Semitic abuse by party members. Were acting to speed this process up, Corbyn also said, while pointing out that the number of offenders amounts to only 0.1 percent of the half-million party members, while saying that even one is too many. Jewish people have been at the heart of our party and our movement throughout history. No one should dis miss the concerns they have expressed about what has been happening in the party, he said. The video comes on the heels of a Corbyn op-ed that appeared Friday afternoon on the website of the British daily The Guardian, in which Corbyn said he respects the affinity that many Jews feel for Israel and appealed to critics to resolve differences over his Labour Partys policy on antiSemitism that has drawn fire. Corbyn in his op-ed referred to a new round of consultations he has launched to reconsider Labours anti-Semitism defi nition, which departs from the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance one generally recognized by the world community, acknowl edging that the party had not fully engaged the Jewish community in the past. He defended the partys decision not to use one of the examples which warns against claiming that the existence of a State of Israel is a racist endeavor. He said this had sometimes been used by those wanting to restrict criticism of Israel that is not anti-Semitic. The Board of Deputies of British Jewry and Jewish Leadership Council on Sat urday night criticized Corbyn for the publishing of his op-ed in the Guardian shortly before the start of Shabbat, which meant that the Jewish com munity did not have a chance to immediately respond. The joint statement called the op-ed ill-timed and illconceived and said: Once again Mr. Corbyn, of all people, has chosen to lecture Jews on antisemitism. Womans appointment to an Israeli rabbinic court is seen as a break through JERUSALEM (JTA)A woman was appointed to serve as a judicial assistant in an Israeli rabbinic courtone of the most senior positions in the Orthodox-run court system. The appointment of Shira Ben-Eli was announced Sun day by the rabbinical courts administration and the Civil Service Commission to the Jerusalem District Labor Court. The position involves close contact with the courts decision-making processes, Haaretz reported. Nearly two years ago ITIM, an organization that seeks to help Israelis navigate the countrys religious bureau cracy, and the Rackman Cen ter at Bar-Ilan University filed a lawsuit calling for equality in Israels rabbinical courts, particularly for non-rabbinic positions. The lawsuit included a restraining order against the Civil Service Commission and the rabbinical courts administration from hiring judicial assistants as long as they prevented women from obtaining the positions. The requirement that a judicial assistant have rabbinic or dination or qualification as a dayan, a rabbinic judge, ultimately was lifted. In an announcement, the Civil Service Commission and the rabbinical courts adminis tration said: The respondents are pleased to inform the court that the committee that examined candidates for two positions of judicial assistant in the rabbinic court chose a female candidate for one of the posts. No candidate, male or female, was chosen for the second position as of yet be cause no applicant was found with suitable knowledge and experience. Rabbi Seth Farber, ITIMs director, said in a statement to JTA: This is a great day for women Jewish legal scholars who now have doors opened to them that were unimagi nable even five years ago. It is also a great day for Israel, which has demonstrated that extremism can be countered by the forces of democracy and equality. Karen Horowitz, legal ad viser to the Rackman Center, called the appointment an important step, but certainly not the last one, in the ad vancement of women.

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PAGE 14A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 Missles From page 1A must defendlonger-range systems like Davids Sling and Arrow can defend the entire country from almost anywhere. In recent days, an older and well-known air-defense system, the Patriot, also made headlines after it shot down a Syrian fighter jet that intruded into Israeli airspace. The Patriot and Davids Sling will work together in similar altitudes, dividing up tasks between them. However, as time goes by, the Patriot is likely to focus more on traditional anti-aircraft tasks, while Davids Sling takes over the anti-missile missions at the intermedi ate range. The Stunner interceptor is even more advanced than its Patriot counterpart and can deal with maneuvering threats better. Davids Sling fires a highly advanced interceptor missile, called Stunner, which uses a range of sensors to lock on and strike threats, explained Rubin. The point of the whole missile is to put itself in the right place so that the attacking missile hits it, he added. Its a very advanced missile. Currently, Rafael and Ray theon are working to integrate the Stunner interception missile with the American Patriot systems, creating a new air-defense package for sale on the international defense market. They are setting new rules of the game Brig. Gen. (ret.) Ephraim Segoli, a former commander of two Israeli Air Force he licopter squadrons, stressed that there is no such thing as fully hermetical air defense. But the fact is that the defense has improved signifi cantly, said Segoli, who today heads the Airpower Research Center at the Fisher Institute for Air and Space Strategic Studies in Herzliya. Davids Sling overlaps with the other two systems: Iron Dome and Arrow, he ex plained. That overlap certain ly improves the defense since a lack of overlap means that threats can fall in between, said Segoli. He echoed Rubins assess ment about the result of the first use of Davids Sling, say ing there was no need to get carried away because it did not succeed the first time. This was its first use. Now they will be learning, inves tigating and making fixes, he said. Firing interceptors at spo radic missiles is one thing, but defending the skies during a full-scale warwhen the skies would be flooded with incoming threatsis quite another. Segoli noted that if Hez bollah and Israel ended up in a conflict, Israel would not rely only on its air-defense capabilities. There would be a com bined offense-defense use of force, he said. Intelligence collection would play a big role here. If the day comes when this happens, [Hezbollahs] weapons would be attacked. We know that the heavier and more sophisticated the projectiles are, the harder they are to hide. But the citizens [in Israel] must know: There is no her metical defense. Asked to provide an as sessment on recent events on the Syrian-Israeli border, Segoli replied, saying this entire phase is about check ing limitations. Every side is checking the other. They are setting new rules of the game. A new system is taking shape. With the Assad regime and its backers completing their takeover of Syria, a volatile stage is under way in which every side does something, and the other side responds or initiates, said the former commander. Israel is making clear that it is unwilling to accept an Iranian military presence anywhere in Syria, and has so far been able to transmit its red lines without being dragged into a major escala tion. No one knows if this can continue, said Segoli, but those who make these decisions are setting the red lines, and if they see that someone has crossed them, they attack. Cnaan Liphshiz Tom Furstenberg, right, and a fellow congregant carry the Torah ark out of the Great Synagogue of Deventer, July 30, 2018. By Cnaan Liphshiz DEVENTER, Netherlands (JTA)Four years ago, Tom Furstenberg proudly carried into his synagogue its first To rah scroll since the Holocaust, when local Nazis destroyed the buildings interior. The scrolls introduction in 2014 was an important mo ment for the Beth Shoshana Masorti community that Furstenberg helped establish in 2010 in this city of nearly 100,000 residents located 60 miles east of the capital Amsterdam. After all, it was proof that Jewish life had finally re turned to a place where it had been uprooted and destroyed. I felt that this was it, noth ing could reverse our presence as part of this city, Fursten berg, a 49-year-old teacher and chairman of Deventers Jewish community, told JTA on Monday. Furstenberg had been overly optimistic. On Monday, he and a dozen other members of their con gregation of 35 had to take away the scroll and all the other ritual possessions and load them into a white van. The building housing the Great Synagogue of Deventer was sold in January by the church that had owned it for decades. The developers, a Dutch-Turkish restaurant owner and his associate, then evicted the congregants amid a legal fight over the owners plan to turn the place into an eatery. For Deventer, the eviction meant the end of a Jewish presence in this city, Sanne Terlouw, a founding member of Beth Shoshana and a re nowned author, told JTA with tears in her eyes on the day of the move. But for many other Dutch Jews, the demise of the Great Synagogue of Deventer sig nals a broader demographic shift: Jewish life and heritage are becoming increasingly difficult to maintain outside Amsterdam, where most Dutch Jews live, because of secularization and the echo ing losses of the Holocaust. Of course its sad, were losing a piece of our history, said Esther Voet, editor in chief of the NIW Jewish weekly in Amsterdam. But the real ity is that this small Jewish community cannot afford to stay in that huge synagogue. Thats just the way it is. With no synagogue of its own, Beth Shoshana will move to the nearby municipality of Raalte, where it will share space with an existing congre gation. Voet says she finds this a reasonable solution born out of a regrettable reality. But in Deventer and be yond, the evicted congregants appeared less resigned to the change than Voet. On Monday, the congrega tion gathered one last time for a snack in the building they had just emptied of its pos sessions. Sipping black coffee and eating prune cake, they sang in passionate Hebrew Am Yisrael Chai and Kol HaOlam KuloThe People of Israel Live and The World is a Narrow Bridge. Some of the congregants cried; others tried to console them. This was our home for a long period, Ehud Post humos, 79, a retired Royal Netherlands Air Force of ficer, told JTA. On winter nights, wed gather here in the coldwe never heated Eviction of Dutch Jews from Nazi-ravaged synagogue brings back bitter memories the place properly to save on utilitiesand although outside it turned very dark early in the afternoon, here inside we had a great source of light. And now it feels like losing a home. Maurice Swirc, the former editor in chief of NIW, called the synagogues sale a scan dal and found it very pain ful. Dutch authorities, he said, were partially respon sible for the fact that Deventer does not have enough Jews to maintain she synagogue. The least they could do is help preserve it. The affair prompted intense interest internationally. JTAs video report of the community leaving the shul has been viewed more than 200,000 times on Facebook. Ronny Naftaniel, a founder of The Hague Jewish Heri tage group, said the syna gogues sale is unusual for a city such as Deventer, where authorities have a high awareness for heritage. De venter, where wealthy Jewish cattle dealers left an indelible mark and where a part of Naftaniels family lived before the Holocaust, could have set aside this space, he said. Until recently, Fursten bergs community was able to hold on to its synagogue thanks to the Christian Re formed Churches group. It bought the building in 1951 from the severely depleted Jewish community of De venter and turned the struc ture into a church, complete with a massive pipe organ that the group installed. In 2010, Furstenberg and other Jews from the area began convening at a nearby Jewish club and asked the churchs permission to reestablish a synagogue in the hall, which they began renting from the church at a subsi dized rate. But the church had to sell the building this year. The highest bidder was Ayhan Sahin, the Dutch-Turkish developer, and his associate, Carlus Lenferink. This summer, the entrepre neurs announced their plan to turn the synagogue into a restaurant. Furstenberg objected and the city declined to approve the plan. Amid negotiations with the Jewish community, Sahin was quoted as saying: If need be, Ill turn it into a mosque, according to De Stentor regional daily. He later said he would allow the Jewish community to stay, but only if they pay full rentan un likely prospect for the small congregation, which has no sources of income and could barely afford maintenance fees when it rented the shul at a subsidized price from the church. Maarten-Jan Stuurman, a spokesman for the Deventer municipality, told De Sten tor that the city tried to help the Jewish community stay, but ultimately it is not the citys task to buy religious properties it does not use. The issue of rent, eh said, is at the discretion of the owner. Losing the synagogue is a failure and a major step back for the city, Furstenberg said, his voice echoing in the tall and now empty space where his congregation would gather once every three weeks and on Jewish holidays. Once again, the city is looking on as its synagogue is being destroyed. Furstenbergs jaccuse, spoken in Dutch in the pres ence of local reporters, was a reference to the unusual and painful wartime history of the building. Unlike most Dutch synagogues, the one in Deventer was not confiscated in the orderly and methodical Nazi manner. Instead it was ransacked by a rabble belong ing to the Dutch Nazi party, NSB, on July 25, 1941. Under the gaze of local police officers, they smashed the furniture, hacked open the Torah ark, tore up the scroll, pulled down the chandeliers and dislodged the bimah of the building, which was built in 1892. But that violence paled in comparison to the deporta tions of the congregants the next summer. Of the 590 people registered as Jews in Deventer in 1942, the Nazis murdered 401. It was a typical statistic in a country where the Nazis and local collaborators were responsible for killing at least 75 percent of Jewsthe highest death rate in Nazioccupied Western Europe. Dutch Jewry, which num bered 140,000 before the Holocaust, never came close to replenishing its numbers. Today, Holland has about 45,000 Jews, according to the European Jewish Congress. The Deventer synagogue played a role in the survival of at least two Jews. Simon van Spiegel, his brother, Bubi, and Meier de Leeuw hid in the buildings attic for a while. Bubi was caught by the Germans after they received an anonymous tip. His brother and de Leeuw escaped. Simons daugh ter, Liesje Tesler-Van Spiegel, who lives in Israel, visited her fathers hiding place for the first time last month. I remember all of them, Roelof de Vries, 86, a carpen ter whose family worked as caretakers at the synagogue before the Holocaust. Even if this place becomes a restaurant, Ill never forget my friend Bubi, whom they gassed along with so many others, he said, weeping. Referring to the genocide, Furstenberg said This is the reason there are not enough Jews to afford this place. In the cool interior of the Great Synagoguea tall building in the neoMoorish stylehe added: This is not just a story about a dwindling faith community, like all those churches that get turned into a discotheques. This is an aftereffect of the Holocaust. R1A2P3T4 A5I6M7 F8E9W10E11S12T13I14G O R M15R I I16T A L I A G17O T O J18A I L N19A T A N S I20R E N E S21K I22D E23T A T D24A N A25H26H S27E C28R E T E T29I30N Y S31T R A W B32R33I N M34A35C H L36O P37E38D39R40E A D I41N G R A I42L R O A D S43O L I D O44A T S K45I T S A46L A47R M L48E49S S M50A51G52N E T O M53A C O54P55T56A57S E A O58T T59O H60O61N O R R62O N A L63D M64O N65O P O L Y C66U R V E D A67L Y A68U K S S69L E E T S N70A G L71S A T

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 PAGE 15A Tobin From page 4A holy sites. A stabbing murder of a Jew this week may well have been directly inspired by the latest P.A. lies about the Temple Mount. So while Jews fight each other over prayer at the Kotel, we never knew, and as the only Israeli born child in our family, has a unique respon sibility to carry with him the obligation to live for them. They could never imagine that Poland From page 5A Huckabee From page 1A Kites From page 1A Beilin From page 1A Hillel Israel in a two-step process that included his nomination to the board by Hillel Israels shareholder assembly and his election to serve as chair by Hillel Israels board. Both decisions were unanimous. After a long career serv We appreciate the Ameri can administration that ap preciates the importance of us living here and the connection of the Jewish people to their homeland, said Efrat Mayor Oded Revivi, who also serves as Yeshas foreign envoy. Asking Huckabee to convey to the president what life is like in his city, Revivi said he hoped the White House would come to realize the importance of settlement building. While Trump initially de clared settlement expan sion to be unhelpful, he subsequently changed his tune, declining to condemn Israels decision to approve the construction of more than 2,000 settlement homes in May. According to Peace Now, Israel has approved plans and tenders for nearly 14,000 units since the 2016 elections, a significant increase over the 4,476 units approved in the year-and-a-half before Trumps victory. Earlier this week, U.S. Ambassador to Israel David to individual farmers, but only about half of the funds have been transferred thus far, said Meidan. Amitai said the beehives are not located inside the kibbutzim, but in open land all around their periphery. He explained that in addition to the bees themselves being scorched, when the fields are burnt then any remaining bees cannot produce honey because there are no flowers on which to graze. Flowers do not grow over night, so in the near future there will not be enough flowers to make honey, he said. Fewer bees also mean that they will not be able to pollinate the fields. Nearly all the grove was burnt According to Meidan, the country produces around 3,500 tons of honey per year, of which little or none is ex ported. The country imports 75 years after their murder, a child with their DNA and name would be thriving in the Judean Mountains. With every soccer ball he blocks at the goal, as he reads from the Torah affirming Gods Oneness, as he grows and excels in school, and one day joins the IDF, he will carry forward the responsibil ity to never forget, and to be part of ensuring that we as a people will never be in the same position that we were generations ago. With Gods help and each of my children understand ing their responsibility, and despite my feeling of a need to protect them, they will be part of building a bright future for us and all of Israel. Jonathan Feldstein was born and educated in the U.S. and immigrated to Israel in 2004. He is married and the father of six. Throughout his life and career, he has been blessed by the calling to fellowship with Christian supporters of Israel and shares experiences of living as an Or thodox Jew in Israel. He writes a regular column for Standing With Israel at charismanews. com and other prominent web sites. He can be reached at firstpersonisrael@gmail. com. Palestinians continue to seek to deny all of them the right to be there. Even the supposed moderates of Fatah seem to want not just a Jew-free West Bank, but also a Jerusalem where Jews have no rights whether they are Orthodox or non-Orthodox. Serious observers should know that its pointless for mortals to ponder whether their Creator moves around rocks, even the sacred ones of the Kotel, to send them messages. Rather, they should remember that its that the contemporary wars of the Jews against each otherlike the battles that took place inside Jerusalem while the Ro mans besieged the citythat undermine the unity needed to defend the Jewish people against those who would harm them and deny them their ancient home. Instead of using the rock as a weapon in a domestic squabble, this would be an apt moment for all Jews to stop trying to insult each other. And if its the only way for the message to get through, lets say that God moved that stone in order to send them a reminder to behave them selves and understand that their enemies make no such distinctions when seeking to spill their blood. Jonathan S. Tobin is editor in chief of JNSJewish News Syndicate. Follow him on Twitter at: @jonathans_tobin. ing the people of Israel, I am thrilled to expand my role to serve the global Jewish peo ple, said Beilin. I will work hard to create and strengthen the bonds of Jewish students around the world to one an other and to Israel. Beilin replaces Avraham Infeld, the former president of Hillel International, who stepped down as chair of the Hillel Israel board after six years of service. Infeld remains an active board member. Hillel Israels mission is to make Judaism relevant to the lives of young Israeli Jews, and to strengthen their sense of belonging to the global Jewish people said Alon Friedman, Director General of Hillel Israel. We enthusi astically welcome Dr. Beilin to the Hillel Israel family and are confident that his leadership will add immense value to our students and our work. Dr. Beilins career in public service began with his ap pointment as Cabinet Secre tary. As a member of Knesset for 20 years, Beilin has held ministerial positions in the governments of Prime Min isters Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Ehud Barak. He has devoted his career to the pursuit of peace, Jewish continuity and a strong IsraelDiaspora relationship. The shareholders of Hillel Is rael also appointed Israeli busi ness leader and philanthropist Arie Mintkevich to serve on the board as a new member. Mintkevich previously served as General Counsel at Israels Ministry of Finance, chair of Israels Securities Author ity, chair of Israels Discount Bank and Vice Chair of IDB Holdings, a prominent Israeli business group. Friedman visited the fam ily of a terror victim in the Adam settlement. In prior administrations, embassy officials generally refrained from paying visits to areas over the pre-1967 lines, such as eastern Jerusalem and the West Bank. Huckabees visit to the settlement and Friedmans condolence call constituted a message that we should separate between the posi tive and negative vectors in this area, said Yesha Council Chairman Hananel Dorani, meaning, respectively, the 435,000 Israelis and 2.75 million Palestinians living in the West Bank. Comparing Israel to the United States in its commit ment to liberty and peace, Dorani described the Palestin ians as a violent people who believe in terror and educate to hate. He said that lasting peace will only come when millions of Jews have been settled in the West Bank and the Palestinians realize that they have no choice but to live side by side and not fight us. Yesha Council CEO Yigal Dilmoni was enthusiastic about the future, saying the settlers felt like there was a new spirit in the period of Trump and that the U.S. and Israel together could build up Judea and Samaria. Yesha is an acronym that includes Judea and Samaria, biblical names for the disputed area that are commonly used in Israel. Settlement leaders dis counted the possibility that their embrace of Trump-style rhetoric could make the settlement enterprise even more of a partisan issue than it already is. Polls show that a majority of Republican voters support settlement expan sion and most Democrats oppose it. You can see the attitude of our PM, which [is] the same, said Dorani, referring to Is raeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Trump truly loves Israel, and we think its an opportunity for us to get the process forward. New York physician Joseph Frager, a vice president of the National Council of Young Israel and one of the orga nizers of Wednesdays event along with Yesha and the Efrat municipality, approved the Trumpian rhetoric, saying it helped the president in the United States get elected. The idea is that Judea and Samaria have to grow, Frager said. The president, I think, likes to see demonstrations of that fact. I think this catches his eye and his interest, and it could be helpful. Israeli politicians and American Orthodox Jewish leaders have been effusive in thanking Trump for his support for Israel and its government. During a re ception celebrating the U.S. Embassys move to Jerusa lem from Tel Aviv in May, Orthodox Union President Mark Bane described Trump as Gods messenger, while Israels justice minister, Ayelet Shaked, called him the [Winston] Churchill of the 21st century. Commenting at the time, Dan Shapiro, who served as U.S. ambassador to Israel un der President Barack Obama, said it was understandable that Israelis and American Jews were engaging in hyper bole because its become ac cepted in international circles that the way to gain favor with President Trump is to engage in excessive flattery. The settlers are euphoric about Trumps victory, said Hagit Ofran of Peace Now, which regards the settlements as an obstacle to the two-state solution. Together with Ne tanyahu, they feel they can do whatever they want in settle ments. Netanyahu is seizing the opportunity of the carte blanche he got from Trump to set facts on the ground in order to prevent the possibility of a two-state solution. This is bad news for anyone who cares about Israel and wants to see it living in peace and prosperity side by side with its neighbors. In one of Obamas last actions as president, the ad ministration abstained rather than veto a U.N. Security Council resolution that de clared Israels settlements il legal and demanded the build ing stop. When the parties to the peace process seemed committed to restarting it a year ago, Trump cautioned Israel against settlement expansion, saying it could frustrate the process, as his predecessors had. Now that the process is moribund, however, Trump and his administration of ficials barely mention set tlementa break from the Obama administration, which would speak out against any announced building in the settlements or eastern Jerusalem. While happy with the lifting of Obama-era censure, Dorani said settlement leaders still feel stifled. During eight years of Obama we couldnt build like we wanted, and now under Trump we are building but not enough, the Yesha CEO said, turning to Huckabee and asking him to intervene with the president. There are still limits. We cant build new settlements or big neighbor hoods. about 1,000 tons of honey, which together with local production just meets the needs of Israelis, especially around the holidays. He said Israels northern farm ers and imports this year should make up for the loss of the honey in the Shaar HaNegev Region, and honey prices should remain stable through the High Holidays and Sukkot. Meidan said Israel has around 120,000 beehives, including 5,000 located near the border with Gaza. Of those 5,000, some 200 hives have been destroyed and thousands more indirectly impacted by the fires. And while annual plants can be planted and regrown with little impact on next years honey season, he explained, other varietals, like eucalyp tus trees, cannot be grown in a year. As such, there will be long-term impact on the industry that has yet to be determined. Additionally, Amitai said the situation has taken an emotional blow on the bee keepers who worked all year only to watch their efforts undone in a blaze. It is terrible to watch your hives burn up alongside eucalyptus trees, flowers and grazing land, said beekeeper Ido Eden. Nearly all the grove was burnt, and with it, my hives. We are talking about eight dunams of land with 32 hives. I was planning to go on vacation with my family, but now Im not so sure. It just feels terrible. It is not only hurting the Jews Yahel Ben-Aris, volunteer coordinator for the MetroW est New Jersey FederationKibbutz Erez partnership, expressed similar senti ments. I dont know what to say ... you just look out at the fields and see fireanother kite, another balloonits crazy, said Ben-Aris. It doesnt make sense. Ben-Aris lives in Kibbutz Erez. He said there are a minimum of six fires per week, and sometimes as many as three a day. The best way to contain them is to arrive on the scene fast. The kibbutz has put together an emergency response firefighting team with equipment purchased largely from donations made by the MetroWest New Jersey Federation. He said there is a constant need to replenish items like fire hoses, which are quickly worn down from the fires. There were days that teams would go out to ex tinguish the fire and holes in the hoses would have water spraying everywhere, Ben-Aris said. These are firefighters with day jobs, and when it happens on Shabbat, they have to leave their families three times. Its very hot right now, and these fires are so hot, too. Retirees from across the country have been volun teering in the area, sitting in watchtowers to monitor for aerial attacks and inform the firefighting response team. Strikingly, even as their fields are destroyed and fires sting the production of the areas sweet honey, residents and leadership alike say they have empathy for the plight of the Gazans and do not want to go to war with Hamas. Shaar HaNegev Regional Council Mayor Alon Shus ter told JNS that arson is not something new for the region. Rather, there were rounds of fires set by Gaza activists near the border for years. The big shift now is that these fires are reaching further into the region, propelled by kites and balloons. While he said that the results are tragic economically, emotionally and agriculturally, we are lucky none of the burning kites have put people in danger. Shuster said he doesnt want a military solution to be the only solution. A war will just temporari ly stop the fires, but it will not stop Hamas from attacking us again, he said. Of course, Hamas is a terrible partner for negotiations... But we must move to a situation where Israel opens dialogue with Hamasfor the people of Israel and Gaza. While this is hard on us, the people in Gaza are suffering in ways we cannot even imagine or describe. Meidan added that Hamas should know that not only does the arson not help them, it is not only hurting the Jews. It is bad for nature and killing beesinnocent insects that dont deserve to die. And he believes the people of the Shaar HaNegev Region are resilient. We will not be broken, he said. Ben-Aris said the first flowers that pop up as the land starts to recuperate are striking red anemones, which he said will ignite the fields in vibrant color. It will be very pretty, he said. This new lifethat is the message I would send back to Hamas.

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PAGE 16A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 10, 2018 By Chaya Rappoport (The Nosher via JTA)Theres nothing more comforting than a slice of babka and a glass of milk to break a long fast on. In my family, its pretty much all we eat. But I dont always make babka, and I do always make challah, especially during the High Holidays season. So, for convenience, I started setting aside one portion of my challah dough, rolling it out like babka and filling it with chocolate, creating a babka-challah hybrid. It saves me time, tastes delicious and since my challah dough is pretty enriched, works just as well as my babka dough. Here Ive adapted my challah recipe to yield just one round, perfect spiral filled with chocolate and spice. Ive found that using both cocoa and melted chocolate in the filling creates the richest, gooiest interiors. I combine chocolate with a bit of olive oil, salt, sugar and spice in a pot, and while they melt, I spread the dough with oil, cocoa and sugar. Then I drizzle the chocolate over the cocoa spread dough. Rolled up in a log, twisted into a spiral and baked with a crown of buttery, cinnamon-flecked crumbs, its warm, melty and decadent. I cant think of a better way to enter the New Year. Variations: You can use margarine or Earth Balance in place of oil in the crumble to make it completely non-dairy. Not a fan of margarine? You can also combine 1/2 cup of sugar, 1/2 cup of flour, 1/4 cup of vegetable, a dash of cinnamon and a sprinkle of salt for a butter and margarine-free topping. You could even add a drizzle on top: Combine 1 cup of con fectioners sugar with 1/4 cup of hot water, a splash of vanilla and a pinch of salt, and whisk it well to combine. Drizzle over the challah while its hot. Ingredients: For the challah: 3 1/2 cups all purpose white flour, plus more for rolling out 1 cup lukewarm water (around 105 F.) 2 teaspoons active dry yeast 1/3 cup white sugar 2 teaspoons sea salt 2 eggs 3 tablespoons vegetable oil 1 egg, whisked, for egg wash Chocolate Babka Challah recipe surface and knead until smooth. Clean out bowl and grease it, then return dough to bowl 4. Cover with plastic wrap and let rise in a warm place for 1 hour, until almost doubled in size. 5. Punch down dough, cover and let rise again in a warm place for another hour. 6. While the dough rises, make the filling: Melt the chocolate with the oil in a pot over low heat on the stovetop. Add the sugar, salt and spices to the pot and stir to combine. Refriger ate to cool until needed. 7. On a floured surface using a rolling pin, roll out the dough to an 18by 10-inch rectangle, with the long side nearest you. Brush the 3 tablespoons of olive oil over the dough. Sprinkle the cocoa over the greased dough. Top with the sugar and mix with your hands to combine. 8. Top with the melted, spiced chocolate mixture and use a spatula to swirl it out over the dough. 9. Starting with the long side farthest from you, roll the dough into a snug log, pinching firmly along the seam to seal. Coil the log to form a round challah and place in a pan to rise, around 40 minutes. 10. Make the crumble: Combine all of the ingredients except for the butter in a medium bowl and give a quick stir to combine, making sure to break up any lumps of brown sugar. 11. Add the butter and use your fingertips to mix everything together until crumbs form. Set aside until needed. Put oven rack in middle position and preheat oven to 375 F. Brush the top of the challah with egg wash. Sprinkle with crumble. 12. Bake until the top is a deep golden brown, about 4050 minutes. Transfer the challah to a rack and cool to room temperature. Serve. Chaya Rappoport is the blogger, baker and picture taker behind retrolillies.wordpress.com. Currently a pastry sous chef at a Brooklyn bakery, shes been blogging since 2012 and her work has been featured on The Feed Feed, Delish.com, Food and Wine, and Conde Nast Traveler. The Nosher food blog offers a dazzling array of new and classic Jewish recipes and food news, from Europe to Yemen, from challah to shakshuka and beyond. Check it out at www. TheNosher.com. For the chocolate filling: 4 ounces dark chocolate, finely chopped 2 tablespoons olive oil 1/4 teaspoon fine sea salt 3 tablespoons sugar 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon 1/8 teaspoon ground nutmeg 1/8 teaspoon ground ginger 3 tablespoons olive oil 1/4 cup cocoa 1/4 cup sugar For the crumble: 1 cup all purpose flour 1/2 cup firmly packed dark brown sugar 1 teaspoon fine sea salt 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon 1 stick unsalted butter, softened but cool Directions: 1. Make the challah dough: In a large bowl, dissolve the yeast and the sugar in the water; set aside for 5 minutes until a bit foamy. 2. Whisk oil into yeast, then beat in the eggs, one at a time, with the salt. Gradually add flour. 3. When dough holds together, turn the dough onto a floured By Sean Savage (JNS)New legislation in troduced in Congress recently is seeking to make American aid to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, the U.N. refugee agency that is solely dedicated to the Pales tinian refugees, contingent on reform. According to the legisla tion, introduced by Rep. Doug Lamborn (R-Colo.), the UNRWA Reform and Refugee Support Act would return UNRWA to its original framework and address this false narrative of an inflated refugee population. The bill seeks to make U.S. funding available to UNRWA to the extent that it resettles the original refugees from 1948. Those original refugees must meet the standards in section 101(a) of the Immi gration and Nationality Act, which is how American law defines refugees. This will reduce the Palestinian refugee population from the inflated 5.3 million to an estimated 40,000, the bill says. Lamborn told JNS that UNRWAs wide definition of refugees has made a mock ery of other refugee situa tions across the world. UNRWAs twisted defini tion of refugee has made a mockery of both those who are true refugees in various conflicts around the world and those who are truly liv ing in horrible conditions throughout the region, such as Syria, he said. It is time to return UNRWA to its original framework and that is what H.R. 6451, the UNRWA Reform and Refugee Support Act, would do. This bill would ensure that U.S. taxpayer dollars dedicated to refugees only contribute to UNRWA to the extent that it resettles the original refugees from 1948not their descen dants, who UNRWA also claim to be refugees. Unlike all other global Legislation aims to make U.S. aid to Palestinian refugee agency contingent on reform Abed Rahim Khatib/Flash90 View of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency building in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip, July 26, 2018. refugee situations, which are handled by the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, self-described displaced Pales tinians and their descendants have had their own dedicated U.N. agency to provide educa tion and social services to refugees scattered through out the Middle Eastmainly in Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, the West Bank and Gaza. According to UNRWA, when the agency was launched, it provided services to about 750,000 refugees. But since Palestinian refugee status is inherited, that number has grown about seven-fold to some 5.2 million today. Until earlier this year, the United States had been the largest donor to UNRWA, providing more than $355 million to the agency in 2016. However, U.S. Presi dent Donald Trump slashed contributions to the agency by approximately 80 percent to around $80 million. The legislation was an nounced last week at the annual Christians United for Israel (CUFI) conference, which has fully endorsed the bill as a means to help solve the Palestinian refugee situation. UNRWA perpetuates the Palestinian-Israeli conflict by keeping the Palestinians captive as eternal refugees. Those educated on the issue, who truly aim to solve these crises as opposed to enable it, should support UNRWA reform and back this bill, said CUFI founder and chairman Pastor John Hagee told JNS. Asaf Romirowsky, execu tive director of the Scholars for Peace in the Middle East nonprofit and co-author of the 2013 book Religion, Politics, and the Origins of Palestine Refugee Relief, told JNS that UNRWA reform is long overdue. We have seen a complete and total Palestinian take over of UNRWA is similar to regulatory capture, which occurs when a state regulatory authority is taken over by the interests or industries that it is designed to control. UNRWA is an international agency that is effectively managed by the interests that it is intended to serve, he said. Romirowsky said that UNRWAs own coercive soft power on international poli tics and media have help shield the organization from scrutiny. This has been done in large part by members of the refugee population itself working within UNRWA, with the help of the senior inter national managerial staff. By acting as a pressure group, the organization has thus been able to extend its mandate, and ward off oversight and reform, he said. It might also be asked whether UNRWAs preroga tives and operations also con stitute a deliberate infringe ment on the sovereignty and legitimacy of the Palestinian Authority. HEALTHY EYES WEAR SUNGLASSESEvery day that youre outside, youre exposed to dangerous, but invisible, ultraviolet (UV) sunlight. Left unprotected, prolonged exposure to UV radiation can seriously damage the eye, leading to cataracts, skin cancer around the eyelid and other eye disorders. Protecting your eyes is important to maintaining eye health now and in the future. Shield your eyes (and your familys eyes) from harmful UV rays. Wear sunglasses with maximum UV protection. For more information, visit www.thevisioncouncil.org/consumers/sunglasses. A public service message from The Vision Council.