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WWW.HERITAGEFL.COM YEAR 42, NO. 46 JULY 20, 2018 8 AV, 5778 ORLANDO, FLORIDA SINGLE COPY 75 Editorials ..................................... 4A Op-Ed .......................................... 5A Calendar ...................................... 6A Scene Around ............................. 9A Synagogue Directory ................ 11A JTA News Briefs ........................ 13A A coin discovered in Je rusalem reads Redemption of Zion. By United with Israel A rare bronze coin dating to the first century and minted during the fourth year of the Great Jewish Revolt against the Romans was recently dis covered at the archaeological sifting project at Emek Zurim National Park in Jerusalem. The source of the soil from which the coin was extracted is the City of David National Park in the heart of the Old City. The coin, minted by Jews in the year 69 CE, right before the destruction of the Second Temple a year later, features the words For the Redemp tion of Zion in ancient He brew script, with an image of a goblet under the inscription. On the other side of the coin is an image of the Four Species and the words Year Four representing the fourth year of the Jewish rebellion against the Romans. Just a short time afterward, in the year 70 CE, Rare coin unearthed in Jerusalem the revolt was subdued by the 10th Legion and the Second Temple was destroyed. From Freedom to Re demption By Eric Narrow Nestled in the Western Negev, along the deserts edge and the border with the Gaza Strip, 32 small agricultural kibbutzim and villages have created an oasis in an otherwise overlooked part of Israel. For many residents of what is often referred to as The Gaza Envelope, their lives represent a stark contrast to the bustling metropolis of Israels center, and provide a healthy and peaceful environ ment focused on family and community. For years, these hearty pioneers have made their mark on Israeli historyliter ally making the desert bloom. However, their efforts of greening the desert have recently turned to black, as neighbor ing Gaza has threatened their peaceful way of life. Since March, over 450 incendiary kites, balloons, and rockets have been launched from Gaza towards the communities of Eshkol and Shaar HaNegev, destroying over 6,500 acres of agricultural land and forests that the people there rely on as their main source of income and economic development. For the regions children, a familiar and seemingly in nocuous object, such as a kite, has now become a symbol of terror and fear. This is the problem with PTSD, said Jehan Berman, a Belgian born Israeli living in the community of Avshalom. You cant outwardly see that these children are also wounded. Fortunately, renewed hope, energy, and resiliency has come thanks to a re gional partnership with Jewish National Fund-USA, whose donors from around the United States quickly and decisively mobilized in the face of the recent at tacks, and provided emergency support by delivering nine new fire wagons to help fight the flames coming from Gaza. The fire wagons can reach deep into the fields and places that regular trucks cannot, and they have greater extinguish ing abilities. The sooner you get to the site where an incendiary balloon hits the ground, it minimizes the damage, said Yoram Levi, spokesperson for Israel Fire and Rescue Services. The existing fire stations in the area can have a response time of 15 minutes, but the localization of both firefighters and fire wagons has trimmed the waiting time down to an expeditious two to three minutes. In a show of strength and solidarity, people from around the region and the world are doing their part to help. Local kibbutzim have allocated housing and meals for firefighters who are staying on-site at all times, volunteers have joined the firefighting efforts, JNF forestry per sonnel are aiding in stopping the spread of the fires, and the Israel Defense Forces has provided off-road vehicles and reserve firefighters to bolster efforts. In the U.S., Jewish National Fund lay leadership have maintained constant updates and fund raising efforts through social media, local campaigns, and by personally supporting continued fundraising to give hope to the people on the front lines. We didnt know what to ask for, ex plained Michal Uziyahu, Jewish National Fund-liaison for the Gaza Envelope. But I know that JNF is exactly what our com munity needs. Donors touch the ground here and support us. They encourage us to dream, think, and strategize. Amidst the black, scorched earth surrounding Kibbutz Kissufim, a lone tree stood talla fitting symbol of the regions resilience and strength. Despite the recent destruction surrounding it, small green blades of grass and vegetation poke through the burnt debris, a sign of hope for the future. A firefighter crosses a field as a fire rages behind him. Out of recent ashes, Israels border communities persevere Panelists (l-r) Lorena Ferreira, Anallely, Inge Koele, Leonard Birdsong. The Holocaust Center hosted a forum in response to current events related to immigration on Tuesday eve ning, July 10. The panel dis cussion was designed to give The many facets of immigration insight into the immigrant experience. The evening was heartfelt and honest. The discussion was led by Professor Leonard Bird song, a retired immigration attorney. He explained im migration laws and stated that there are currently only 334 immigration judges appointed by the Attorney General and there needs to be at least 2 to 3 times more judges appointed because of the number of immigrants wanting to legally enter the country. Discussion centered around what compelled Holocaust survivors and others to immigrate to America. Inge Koele, a Ho locaust survivor who came to the United States by way of Columbia, was also on the panel and shared her experiences. What is the American dream? There was discus sion about the Deferred Action for Childhood Ar rivals program, know as DACA. Two of the women on the panel, Lorena Ferreira and Anallely (who did not want her last name used) are in the DACA program. They candidly spoke about the situation they are now facing. The program is a American Immigration policy launched in 2012 by the Obama administra tion calling for deferred action for certain undocu mented young people who came to the U.S. as children. DACA allows young people who were brought illegally Presidents Trump and Putin in Helsinki, July 16, 2018. According to various news sources, US President Donald Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin have agreed to work together to ensure Israels security with regards to the advancement of the Syrian regime against rebels near the Golan Heights. This discussion came about after Israels Prime Minister Benjamin Netan yahu visited with Putin last week to demand that Iranian forces leave Syria. Netanya hu said he spoke to Trump on Saturday concerning secu rity and diplomatic issues in light of developments in the region, with Syria and Iran first and foremost, of course. Putin said Trump had spent a lot of time talking about Israel during their talks at the summit. We both spoke with Bibi (Israeli Prime Minister Ben jamin Netanyahu) and they would like to do certain things with Syria having to do with the safety of Israel, Trump told a joint news conference. Creating safety for Israel is something both Putin and I would like to see very much. Much of the talk was ad dressed to concerns about Trump/Putin ensure Israels security Israel. And even though the US and Russia have taken opposing sides in the Syrian war, conditions were set in place for co-operation. Trump also stated that the US wants to help the Syrian people on a humanitarian basis. Putin added that all condi tions are in place for effective cooperation on Syria, calling for enforcement of the 1974 Israel-Syria Separation of Fores Agreement to bring peace to the Golan Heights. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu welcomes the deep commitment of the United States and President Trump to Israels security, as expressed in the meeting between Presi dent Trump and President Putin. The friendship between Israel and the US has never been stronger, a statement from the PMO reads. Prime Minister Netanyahu also greatly appreciates the se curity coordination between Israel and Russia and Presi dent Putins clear position on the need to implement the 1974 separation agreements between Israel and Syria, the PMO adds Haaretz, Reuters, Times of Israel and jpost.com contrib uted to this report. Immigration on page 15A Coin on page 15A

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PAGE 2A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 (JTA)A welcome sign at the Hillel at University of Oregon was defaced with a pro-Palestinian message and obscenities The vandalism at the build ing on the campus in Eugene was discovered Friday. The Hillel posted a photo of the sign in the parking lot on Facebook. One message read: Free Palestine you f***s. No other damage or graffiti was discovered on or around the building, according to the organization. Two other Jew ish groups on campus were left untouched. In a message to the campus Jewish community Kevin Marbury, a university vice president, said campus police were working with the Eugene Police Department on the investigation. Anti-Semitism and other forms of hate have no place at the University of Oregon, Marbury wrote. We con demn this as an unaccept able violation our university values. In May, the universitys stu dent government voted to en dorse the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement against Israel The legislation was sponsored by the campus group Students United for Palestinian Equal Rights and endorsed by at least 30 other campus student groups. U of Oregon Hillel sign vandalized with pro-Palestinian message and obscenities (JTA)Kosher observers who pick up their coffee at Starbucks may need to look elsewhere for their caffeine fix. A kosher-certifying agency said it can no longer vouch for the kashrut of many beverages served by the coffee giant. The Star-K agency this week said it was ending a program under which it deemed many Star bucks products permissible without actually certifying them as kosher. Plenty of kosher consumers arent taking the news lying down: As of Thursday after noon, more than 7,000 have signed a change.org petition calling to Make Starbucks Kosher Again. Star-K for years has kept a list of the drinks prepared at Starbucks that it called kosher friendly. The stores were not under the certify ing agencys supervision, but Star-K regularly checked in Kosher agency says it can no longer vouch for Starbucks stores Nevertheless, Star-K has posted a new list of Starbucks drinks that can be consid ered acceptable for kosher observers. They include cafe Americano. espresso, iced caramel brulee latte and nitro cold brew served in paper cups. Exceptions are also made for drinkers who are traveling (in other words, when no other viable option is readily available) or at stores that dont serve meat or cheese items. But the petition signers are looking for more. Under the reasons for sign ing, one person wrote: For a company that closed down all their stores for 8 hours for sen sitivity training when people want to use their bathrooms without making a purchase they can at least show a little sensitivity to Orthodox Jews who would like to be paying customers! with the company to deter mine which items were kosher friendlythat is, contained no objectionable ingredi ents. In recent years, even Frappuccinos were considered OK for kosher observers. But several years ago, Star bucks began selling sandwich es, including some made with bacon and non-kosher cheese. That brought up kashrut is sues, like whether the utensils used to make the coffee were washed with utensils that had been used with non-kosher items in the store. Billie, Gary and Lillian light the Shabbat candles. Gary Becker is no newcom er to Orlando or the Jewish community. Fortunately for the residents at Village on the Green, Becker has been leading the monthly Shabbat program for the past several months. Beginning with candle lighting, kiddish and a bit of shmoozing Becker leads the intimate group of Shabbat friends with traditional songs and prayers. Jewish Pavilion services 70 different senior liv ing communities throughout Orlando. Village on the Green is one of many communities where a Shabbat program is led by dedicated volunteers. Shabbat shalom! The residents are welcoming and appreciative of the pro gram and the friendship of Becker and all the volunteers. The membership of Con gregation Beth Am, the first conservative synagogue in Seminole County, has over whelmingly endorsed an agenda that will propel the congregation into the New Year. Valuing Jewish heritage and tradition, the leadership and members of Beth Am are committed to embracing new ideas and new technologies to meet the needs of the evolving Jewish community in Central Florida. Beth Am continues to provide Friday night and Shabbat morning services that are family friendly and meet the needs of peoples very active lives. To increase the joy of Shabbat and encour age more family time, service times have been shortened without sacrificing any of the spirit of Shabbat. Along with a monthly adult-oriented Happy Hour Kabbalat Shab bat service and the addition Kabbalat Shabbat services at members homes, Beth Am will innovate to make Shab bat service attendance even more enjoyable and fulfilling. In addition, a new rabbi will soon guide the lay leader ship as the search for a new spiritual leader who supports innovation and creativity in the synagogue moves into high gear. The Religious School at Beth Am will also see sig nificant changes that will enhance the quality educa tion that the congregations students have received for more than 40 years. Beth Am has been successfully meet ing the needs of our special education students through a self-contained class, leading to bar/bat mitzvah, taught by a certified special educa tion teacher. The upcoming school year will also include a specialized curriculum for those students requiring an accelerated curriculum lead ing to bnai mitzvah. New to the school will be the addition of virtual classes for parents who have difficulty getting their children to school during the week. Education Director Nina Fine is also expanding the Sunday He brew School schedules with emphasis on making Sunday School a joyous experience for all children. Beth Ams social program ming continues to draw the interest of its membership and friends in the community with the intent of expanding community-wide program ming. In addition to the out reach provided by our Mitzvah Brigade, a free mahjong class is inviting multi-faith par ticipation. As an offshoot of this class, a mahjong group meets weekly with residents at Brookdale Island Lake to ensure that they always have a foursome. The Pages and Pastries Book Club offers an opportunity to share in a lively discussion, enjoy din ner or a nosh and be a part of additional outings. Young Jewish adults are the focus for Havdalah parties planned for the fall. With the approach of the High Holidays, the goal of Beth Am is to bring the con gregational family and the Jewish community together to provide spiritually uplifting opportunities in the New Year. With respect for tradition and a focus on the future, Beth Am will continue to be a destination for Jewish prayer, learning and spiritual fulfill ment for many years to come. Additional information on Congregation Beth Am can be found a www.CongBethAm. org and on Facebook at Con gregation Beth Am Longwood Florida. The future is bright for Congregation Beth Am Fool Us once... (Warning, spoiler alert!) Our favorite hometown magician, Kostya Kimlat, was once again on Penn & Tellers Fool Us television show on Monday evening, July 16. Did he fool them once again? Kimlat did a card trick that involved catching a selected playing card while the cards are falling down in a cascade that magicians call a dribble. He told the Fool Us audience that he has been practicing this trick for 17 years. Its the hardest trick I do. And I wanted to do it one time when it mattered most, so that I would never have to do it again, he said in an email to his friends and fans. But alas, Kimlat did not fool Penn & Teller the second time around. Penn acknowl edged that Kimlat is so quick and precise that his slight of hand is impeccable. Still, this viewer wonders, how did he do that? Maitland 9001 N. Orlando Avenue Maitland, FL 32751 Jewish Graveside Package: Service of Funeral Director and Staff Sacred Burial Shroud Filing all Necessary Paperwork $200.00 to Chevra Kaddish Society donation for washing Traditional Jewish Flat Top Pine Casket Staff Supervison of Service at Graveside Transportation to Cemetery $4595.00 407-695-CARE (2273) www. DeGusipeFuneralHome.com Sanford 905 Laurel Avenue Sanford, FL 32771 West Orange 1400 Matthew Paris Blvd Ocoee, FL 34761 Call us to receive your free Final Wishes Organizer!

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 PAGE 3A (JTA)Germany has agreed to increase its fund ing for social welfare services for Holocaust survivors by $88 million. The Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Ger many in its announcement Tuesday said the increase brings global allocations by Germany for 2019 to $564 million. The Claims Conference and representatives of the German government ne gotiated the increase in Washington, D.C. During the negotiations, the Ger man officials were taken on a tour of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum and heard from survivors about their personal experiences. The significant increase for social welfare services secured by our negotiating team will lead to more home care, food support, medicine and transportation services for Jewish Holocaust survi vors around the world, said Claims Conference President Julius Berman. Also as a result of the ne gotiations, 55,000 Holocaust survivors in Central and Eastern Europe will see an increase in pensions and more child survivors who were liv ing in hiding or under a false identity will be eligible to receive payments. Germany increases funding for Holocaust survivors by $88 million By Cnaan Liphshiz (JTA)The company that manages an apartment com plex in France has ordered a Jewish family to remove a mezuzah from the door frame. The Foncire Berg Corp. cited its regulations last week in a letter to the Saada family in Montpelier, in southern France, according to what appears to be a copy published on Twitter. During a July 5 inspection of the companys real estate, a mezuzah was encoun tered on your doorframe, Fabienne Nourigat of its rental department wrote to the family in a letter dated July 6. We remind you that no personal object may be presented in public areas and request you move the mezuzah inside your accom modation. Thank you for your understanding. The Eretz news website pointed out that apartments in the same building have doormats on the external side of the door and the occupants have not been requested to remove them. Jewish religious law and customs require that mezu zahs be affixed to doorframes on the portals external side, according to Rabbi Shmuel Shapira of the Israel-based Tzohar Orthodox rabbinical group and others Foncire Berg did not immediately respond to JTAs request for comment on the situation nor to Eretz. French Jewish family told to remove mezuzah outside apartment (JTA)The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel and Sarah Silver mans new late-night show earned Emmy nominations on Thursday. Maisel, Amazon Studios popular series set in a very Jewish 1950s New York neigh borhood, was nominated for best comedy series. Rachel Brosnahan, its non-Jewish star, was nominated for best lead actress in a comedy series for her performance as the Jewish housewife-turnedcomedian Midge Maisel. Silvermans I Love You, America, in which the Jewish comedian mashes a nontradi tional talk show format with videos of her interviewing Americans across the country, got a nod in the variety sketch series category. Notably missing from the list of nominees is Roseanne Barr, whose successful sitcom reboot was cut short after a racist tweet controversy. The most self-aware Emmy hopeful, Megan Amrams An Emmy for Megan, achieved its goal with a nomination in the short form comedy or drama category. The Jewish writer has worked on shows such as The Simpsons, Parks and Recreation and The Good Place. Tiffany Haddish, who is black and Jewish, was nomi nated for best comedy guest actress for her performance in an episode of Saturday Night Live Some other familiar names and shows made the list: Tracee Ellis-Ross, up for best lead actress in a comedy series for her performance in Black-ish; Pamela Ad lon, for best lead actress in a comedy series for Better Things; Evan Rachel Wood (whose mother converted to Judaism), for best lead actress in a drama series for Westworld; and Curb Your Enthusiasm, Larry Davids endlessy Jewy HBO show, for best comedy series. In the best drama series cat egory, theres a decent chance the award goes to a show writ ten by someone Jewish. Game of Thrones, written by the Jewish duo of David Benioff and D.B. Weiss, and The Americans, the recently fin ished and acclaimed spy series created by Joe Weisberg, are competing against a couple of other heavyweights: Netflixs The Crown and Hulus The Handmaids Tale. The 70th Primetime Emmy Awards presentation will be on Sept. 17, 2018. Emmys 2018 Jewish nominees JTS Communications Rabbi David Hoffman of the Jewish Theological Seminary, right, and other participants at a San Diego rally protesting the Trump administrations immigration policies organized by the grassroots group Mijente, July 2, 2018. By David Hoffman (JTA)Ronald Reagan is reported to have said, The person who agrees with you 80 percent of the time is a friend and an allynot a 20 percent traitor. There is much wisdom in this sentiment, but the reali ties of alliance building in the current political environment raise complicated questions for many people: What hap pens when the balance shifts and the percentage represent ing agreement goes south of 80 percent? And what happens when one of the issues that constitute the 20 percent of disagreement is foundational to ones identity? How much disagreement can be overlooked before working together becomes impossible? I found myself thinking about these questions on a flight to San Diego earlier this month. I was traveling with a group of Jewish religious leaders mobilized by Truah to participate in a series of actions initiated by the na tional Latinx group Mijente. We went to demonstrate our opposition to the presidents border policies, to protest the xenophobic rhetoric too often used in national conversa tions about immigration and make a statement of our moral and religious beliefs. Different from many of the protests Ive been to in New York City, this action was organized and led by the Latinx and Chicanx commu nities most impacted by the immigration policies. I, along with other Jewish leaders, was there as a guest, stepping up in solidarity and as a witness to a moral crisis, but not occupy ing a central leadership role. The question of what it means to be an ally arose for me at several moments dur ing the action, when Mijentes leaders spoke words that I simply disagreed with or even offended me. The platform for the march included a call to abolish ICE, the U.S. Immi gration and Customs Enforce ment agencyva policy stance that I believe is misguided. Part of the power of Mijente is that its leadership is broad and less hierarchical, so we heard from many speakers. One leader praised us for showing up and supporting the young kids throwing rocks at all bordersconjuring up images of Palestinian youth throwing rocks at Israeli sol diers. Those words hurt my heart. Gaza, Ferguson and Texas were invoked in the same sentence, establishing facile moral equivalencies among clashes in Israel, a police shooting in Missouri and the We went to the border to support our friendsour disagreements were for another time separation of families at the U.S. border. Others described borders, fences and police departments as inherently immoral and imperialistic again, not a position I accept. As I listened to the speakers, I found it more helpful not to conceive of the words as policy statements. I was hearing how people who live very different lives than I do experience the world. And sometimes even policy statements express emotions and experiences that deserve to be heard. I like to think that our group of rabbis and cantors tran scended any particular policy. I decided neither to agree nor disagree. For this moment, in the context of this protest, these were unhelpful binaries. I was standing there as an ally with a group of people who were suffering, not signing on to the particular policies they promoted. I hoped my presence communicated that they were not alone. This does not mean that all speech would have been acceptable. And this does not mean that in other venues and at other times we should not debate ideas and policies. It does mean that there are moments in life when focus ing on our shared humanity, and the suffering of another human being, must come first. When we see the world exclusively in categories of friend or traitor, we risk making ourselves blind to real suffering and missing an opportunity to build founda tions for a real transformative exchange of ideas. On the flight back to New York I thought about my experience. Despite those un comfortable moments it was an honor to be a participant in the action. It was beyond moving to see undocumented immigrants protesting on the streets of San Diego, taking an enormous risk to publicly af firm their right to live without fear and threat. It was critical to show Latinx communities, who do not have a history of deep relationships with Jewish communities, that we stood with them. It was an honor to walk with other faith commu nities for these causes. But at moments it was complicated. The U.S.-Mexico border was only one of the fault lines I encountered. Where do I draw my boundaries? Where does the Jewish community draw its lines? Sometimes its constructive to remember that friend and traitor are not the only ways to frame a conversation. Sometimes it is preferable to make the definition of ones friend or foe just a little bit more porous to allow the humanity to come through. Rabbi David Hoffman is vice chancellor and chief advancement officer at the Jewish Theological Seminary. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of JTA or its parent company, 70 Faces Media. ENDORSED BY COMMUNITY LEADERS Gary Siegel, Esq. Attorney and Former State Senator representing Orange County. Bill Segal Businessman and Former Orange County Commissioner representing District 5. Corey Cohen, Esq. Attorney and Former President of the Seminole County Bar Association. VOTE AUGUST 28TH OR BY MAIL Political Advertisment Paid for and Approved by the Committee to Re-Elect Adam McGinnis, Non Partisan for Orange County Judge Group 11

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PAGE 4A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 THE VIEWS EXPRESSED ON THIS PAGE ARE NOT NECESSARILY THE VIEWS OF HERITAGE MANAGEMENT. CENTRAL FLORIDAS INDEPENDENT JEWISH VOICE ISSN 0199-0721 Winner of 46 Press Awards HERITAGE Florida Jewish News (ISN 0199-0721) is published weekly for $37.95 per year to Florida ad dresses ($46.95 for the rest of the U.S.) by HERITAGE Central Florida Jewish News, Inc., 207 OBrien Road, Suite 101, Fern Park, FL 32730. Periodicals postage paid at Fern Park and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes and other correspondence to: HERITAGE, P.O. Box 300742, Fern Park, FL 32730. PHONE NUMBER (407) 834-8787 FAX (407) 831-0507 MAILING ADDRESS P.O. Box 300742 Fern Park, FL 32730 email: news@orlandoheritage.com Editor/Publisher Jeffrey Gaeser Editor Emeritus Associate Editor News Editor Gene Starn Kim Fischer Christine DeSouza Account Executives Kim Fischer Marci Gaeser Contributing Columnists Jim Shipley Mel Pearlman David Bornstein Ed Ziegler Production Department David Lehman Gil Dombrosky Joyce Gore Society Editor Gloria Yousha Office Manager Paulette Alfonso Everywhere IdeologyWrong standard for Supreme Court confirmation hearings By Mel Pearlman The announced retirement of Supreme Court Justice Anthony M. Kennedy and the current process to appoint and confirm his successor, will further politicize the judicial branch of government if ideology is a primary factor in the confirmation hearings. This would be contrary to the intent of the founders of our nation who sought to create an independent judicial and nonpolitical buffer between the executive and legislative branches, as the third branch of government. The creation of this judicial buffer was to resolve disputes between and among states and to judicially resolve controversial national issues that would arise in the young republic. The founders understood that if these disputed national issues were left undecided under the Constitution and the ever developing body of constitutional law, it would create the type of political paralysis and disunity existent today in America and in Congress, where a long running ideological battle has made it more difficult for members of Congress to cross the aisle than it was for George Washington to cross the Delaware. The American Jewish community, along with many other Americans, have fallen into this ideological trap, simplistically defin ing each serious issue facing our country as having one truth and no other; and the only correct solution can be found in an uncompromising attitude of winner take all. Compromise has become a politically incorrect position. Rather than focusing on the nominees character, judicial integrity, temperament, constitutional scholarship and impartial ity, the battle is on to confirm or reject the nominee on ideological grounds, in order to assure predictability of outcomes on pending and future cases that come before the court. Predictability of judicial outcomes is con trary to every sense of impartiality, due process and equal protection under the law. Appoint ments to the Supreme Court are lifetime appointments. It is therefore imperative that judicial and constitutional scholars of utmost integrity and impartiality, not influenced by personal ideology, be confirmed by the Senate. Only then will the public be assured that the Justices will be able to objectively deal with pending and unforeseen future issues that are sure to come before the Court during their long tenure. This is the only way to assure that all mat ters that are decided by the Supreme Court are decided solely on the factual record in the lower court, are consistent with applicable and constitutionally valid statutes, judicial prec edent, and most importantly, the fundamental law of the U.S. flowing from the words of the Constitution itself. Our country is large and diverse with com plex social, economic and political dynamics changing on a continuous basis. Carrying the ideological battle into the Supreme Court confirmation process is counterproductive to solving our nations problems; has led to polarization of our body politic in all three branches of our government, has destroyed trust in our public institutions, lessened re spect for judicial opinions and is undermining confidence in our ability to govern ourselves in a democratic way. This is a very dangerous condition which threatens the general welfare and domestic tranquility of the nation, and which makes less secure the Blessings of Liberty to all of us and our posterity, the very principles on which our Constitution was established. If you wish to comment or respond to any of the contents herein you can reach me at melpearlman322@gmail.com. Please do so in a rational, thoughtful, respectful and civil manner. If you wish to respond by ranting and raving, please go into your bathroom, lock the door and shout your brains out. Mel Pearlman has been practicing law in Central Florida for the past 45 years. He has served as president of the Jewish Federation of Greater Orlando; on the District VII Mental Health Board, as Special Prosecutor for the City of Winter Park, Florida; and on the Board of Directors of the Central Florida Research and Development Authority. He was a charter member of the Board of Directors and served as the first Vice President of the Holocaust Memorial Resource and Education Center of Central Florida, as well as its first pro-bono legal counsel. By Stephen M. Flatow (JNS)Sirhan Sirhan, the assassin of Rob ert F. Kennedy, is one of the best-known killers in American history. Yet two major television networks recently broadcast segments about the Kennedy assassination without mention ing his name at all. What gives? On June 5, 1968, Sirhan, a Palestinian Arab with Jordanian citizenship, shot the senator four times at point-blank range in a Los Angeles hotel. There has never been any dispute regarding Sirhans motive. In multiple interviews afterwards, he said he did it because Kennedy was pro-Israel. The recent 50th anniversary of the assas sination sparked much discussion about it in the news media. Around the same time, CNN broadcast a major four-part series called 1968: The Year That Changed America. A large por tion of it was devoted to that years presidential race, including Kennedys campaign for the Democratic nomination. There was a segment of several minutes about the assassination. Incredibly, the CNN narrator never men tioned Sirhan Sirhans name or the reason that Kennedy was murdered. The segment portrayed the killing as if it was just part of the general turmoil in America that year, which included Vietnam War protests, racial tensions and the assassination of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. Kings murderer, James Earl Ray, was mentioned by name. On July 4, the popular MSNBC program Morning Joe featured a special five-minute segment, narrated by veteran anchor Tom Brokaw, about the Kennedy assassination (hooked to the 50th anniversary). Once again, amazingly, there was no mention of Sirhan or the reason that he murdered RFK. To me, the explanation is obvious. Some mainstream U.S. news media outlets are by now so profoundly sympathetic to the Pales tinian cause that they will go out of their way to avoid mentioning anything that makes the Palestinians look bad. And theres nothing that makes the Palestin ian cause look as bad as the fact that a Pales tinian Arab murdered one of the most popular political figures in modern American history. Many of us who were adults in the 1960s look back wistfully and try to imagine how different America would have been if Bobby Kennedy had won the Democratic nomina tion. He almost certainly would have beaten Richard Nixon in the November election and become president. And that means that U.S. involvement in Vietnam would have ended much sooner. Nixon never would have been president, and Spiro Agnew never would have been vice president. There would have been no Watergate. Race relations likely would have followed a very different trajectory. All of that went up in the smoke of a Palestinians gun. Reminding the American public who killed RFK, and why, raises questions about the legitimacy of the entire Palestinian cause, as it reminds us of the cruelty and barbarism of those who represent it. Not only that, but it means asking some uncomfortable questions about why Sirhan is regarded a hero among the Palestinians. Dur ing his trial, The Los Angeles Times reported that the PLO distributed posters throughout Beirut with a photo of Sirhan, a drawing of a Palestinian with a rifle and the headline: Sirhan Bishara Sirhan: a Commando, Not an Assassin. Yes, thats the same PLO that the United Nations, the news media and the State De partment keep telling us is moderate and reasonable, and gave up terrorism. If so, why does the PLO consider terrorists like Sirhan to be heroes? And why have so many sympa thetic articles about Sirhan appeared in the Palestinian press? Those are not the kinds of questions that CNN or Morning Joe want to talk about. At least 144 American citizens have been murdered by Palestinian Arabs since the 1960s. Robert F. Kennedy was the first. Successive U.S. administrations have re fused to demand that the Palestinian Author ity hand over the killers for prosecution, and major news media outlets have consistently refused to treat it as a serious issue or even ask Palestinian spokesmen about it. Thats because keeping Sirhan Sirhan and other Palestinian killers of Americans out of the spotlight is also a way to keep promoting the Palestinian cause. Stephen M. Flatow, a vice president of the Religious Zionists of America, is an attorney in New Jersey and the father of Alisa Flatow, who was murdered in an Iranian-sponsored Palestinian terrorist attack in 1995. The terrorists whose names must not be mentioned By Jonathan S. Tobin (JNS)Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez isnt on her way to Congress because of her hostility to the State of Israel. The upset victory of a Democratic Socialist over one of the highest ranking Democrats in Congress, as well as the boss of the party in New York Citys Queens County, did not hinge on her declaring that Israel was perpetrating a massacre in Gaza and her call for members of the party to join in denouncing the Jewish state. She beat Rep. Joe Crowley for a number of sound political reasons, including the demographics of a district with an overwhelm ingly minority population and the way the Democratic basethe people who turn out to vote in primariesis shifting hard left. Ocasio-Cortez ran on an essentially Social ist platform of Medicare for all and a federal jobs guarantee, as well as for the abolition of the Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency, which means open borders. These stands were irresistible to outer bor ough Democrats, who were already ready to embrace the idea of replacing a conventional, middle-aged, white male career politician with a charismatic young Hispanic woman. But though her race may have helped, the fact is, she did even better in portions of her district like Astoria with younger white voters than she did in Hispanic or African-American neighborhoods. Ocasio-Cortezs victory is one more indi cation of how Democrats are changing, and anti-Israel sentiments areas she boasted in an interview with Glenn Greenwaldno hin drance in gaining the support of Democrats, including many Jews these days. Whats driving this trend? Put it down to the way every aspect of American politics has become radicalized in the age of Trump. Republicans are prepared to tolerate U.S. President Donald Trumps egregious statements and tweets in exchange for conservative policies and judges. But they also like him because they see him as willing to fight the left without being constrained by notions of fair play or civility. At the same time, Democrats seem to think that the only rational response to Trump is to get behind radicals who also wont pull their punches or behave in a civil manner while con ducting a fight to the death against the GOP. Both sides claim that their opponents started it, but thats a non-issue. Just as estab lishment Republicans didnt understand that a Trump win was what their base wanted, so, too, are conventional Democrats being swept away by the desire of their grassroots for extremists. The end result is the transforma tion of both parties into outlets for populists and ideological absolutists. But one of the casualties may also ultimately be bipartisan consensus in favor of Israel. As polls have continually shown, the vast ma jority of Americans are enthusiastic supporters of Israel. But the partisan divide on the issue is growing. Republicans are lockstep backers of the Jewish state, while Democrats remain divided. And the trend among Democrats is heading in the wrong direction. Its clear that people like Ocasio-Cortez are the future of the party, and stereotypical establishment types like Crowley, who have always been reliable backers of Israel, are its past. Democrats have complained loudly about the way some radical-right anti-Semites have infiltrated Republican ranks this year. Holocaust-denier Arthur Jones won the GOP nomination for Congress in an overwhelm ing African-American Illinois district where the party of Lincoln barely exists anymore. Paul Nehlen, another alt-right anti-Semite, is conducting a futile effort to replace House Speaker Paul Ryan in Wisconsin. Patrick Little, a California Jew-hater, also made some noise when running unsuccessfully for a chance to represent the GOP against the re-election bid of longtime Sen. Dianne Feinstein. Another step to the left for Democrats Then there is Virginia GOP Senate candidate Corey Stewart, who has flirted with extremists, but who now says he opposes them as he heads towards a likely defeat in November. But all of these people, with the prominent exception of Stewart, are marginal and reviled by the entirety of the Republican Partyup to and including Breitbart.com. Thats not the case for Democrats opposed to Israel. In Virginia, Leslie Cockburn, co-author of an anti-Israel conspiracy screed, is not only being helped by national Democrats, shes actually been given a decent chance to win the Charlottesville district currently held by a Republican. In Minnesota, a virulent critic of Israel and former Louis Farrakhan supporter, like Rep. Keith Ellison, is expected to be replaced by fellow Democrat Ilhan Omar, who has referred in the past to Israel as having hypnotized the world into ignoring the evil doings of the Jewish state. The trouble is that anti-Israel types like Ocasio-Coretz arent merely getting nomina tions that are guarantees of victory in Novem ber. Theyre also treated like rock stars by the liberal media. While Hillary Clinton and her mainstream Democratic backers held off Vermont Sen. Ber nie Sanders challenge in the 2016 primaries and at the partys convention that year, all of the enthusiasm in the party now resides with its left-wing, which is leading the resistance to Trump and which also is hostile to Israel. But the problem goes deeper than that. In an atmosphere in which even sensible moderate Democrats are ready to tolerate incivility and harassment of administration figures, the ardent support for Israel on the part of Trump and Republicans (which is requited not only by the government of Prime Minister Netanyahu, but also by the Tobin on page 15A

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 PAGE 5A Letters To The Editor We are a diverse community and we welcome your letters and viewpoints. The views and opinions expressed in the opinion pieces and letters published in The Heri tage are the views of the authors, and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of The Heritage Florida Jewish News or its staff. The Heritage reserves the right to edit letters for clarity, content, and accuracy. And respectful of lashon hara, we will not print derogatory statements against any individual. Please limit letters to 250 words. Send letters to P.O. Box 300742, Fern Park, FL 32730. Or e-mail to news@ orlandoheritage.com. Dear Editor: Sometimes we need to go backwards in our history and time in order to proceed so that we may obtain a clearer understanding of the total chaos and disorder of this present day in America. Our country is divided. We are no longer a People of One Nation Under G-d with Liberty and Justice for All but we have emerged into two separate divided parties and peoples. Danger. We are being dragged into following a golden calf! It appears Democratic values demand total aban donment of all past biblically founded principles such as law and order, justice, sound judg ment, understanding, respect and wisdom and are furiously looking for ways to get at them the Republican party, at all costs, thereby resorting to anarchy, violence, stalking and outright unreasonable ac tions and thought processes. The Republican party on the other hand appears to be desperately holding onto righ teousness, law and order, sound values, direction and G-d given principles! Did it ever occur to people that as in the days of Mo ses, many of the Israelites did not want Moses for their leader? The golden calf of the Democratic party He was a former prince of Egypt. Moses did not appoint himself but was chosen by G-d to lead Israel through the wilderness. After Moses came down from the mountain with the Ten Commandments, the people rebelled against him and built a golden calf and said No! We will do it our way! This is what is going on in America today! We have out and out anarchy, rebellion and intolerance for this presently elected Adminis tration and have emerged into mob mentality and rage against our president! Great. Is this what We the People signed up for? I dont think so. I truly believe we ALL need a Bible lesson to see the truths that are unfolding before us today in this divided land. Many today want to stand in the presidents shoes and give their undiluted opinions of how America should be run (i.e., the immigration system). Did it ever occur to the Dem ocrats that our president could have been chosen by G-d for such a time as this? Well, you may say, NO WAY! Because we have strayed so far away from decency, law and order in this beautiful land called America, it is clear that the democratic party have become a hysterical mob so filled with their partys disappointment and denuncia tion of this sitting president that many democrats are currently recklessly resorting to every evil trick in the book to get around having to come to any agreement with this Administration. The open disrespect for our president then defies all reasoning. Instead of support ing him and taking a trusting lets see attitude, we want to lynch everyone around that disagrees with our political persuasion. One columnist has even written as a footnote; If you wish to respond by rant ing and raving, please go into your bathroom, lock the door and shout your brains out. Is that because you already know you are standing on my foot and breathing fire and brimstone up my nose? When people leave the path of sound understanding, justice, mercy, tolerance, and laws we then dissolve into muddied water and can no longer see our way clearly. There are too many issues dividing this country right at this present day in time. We must trust that our cur rent leadership through G-d is the right president for this time and season. It is not only the Administrations decisions that divide us but the way we have pulled back from following the tried and true pathway. If we truly want a decent country with a righ teous president and Justice and Mercy for all we need to get on our faces and pray to G-d before it is too late! Sylvia Pagano Winter Springs By Bradley Martin (JNS)In a now-viral vid eo, five American girls staged a walkout on the final day of their trip to Israel courtesy of Birthright, a not-for-profit educational organization that sponsors free 10-day heritage trips to Israel for young adults of Jewish heritage. The protest was organized by the anti-Israel organization IfNotNow, which seeks to end American Jewish support for Israel and has been widely criticized for refusing to even engage in dialogue with those it slams in the Jewish community. The protestors accuse Birthright of hiding what they claim to be Israeli oppression against Palestinian Arabs. IfNotNow is on record that publicity is its main goal. Its a big deal for us to be leaving the trip, but thats also why we decided to do it, said one of the girls who staged the walkout. It is shameful that this publicity stunt was staged the same week when two female Palestinian journalists were beaten by Palestinian Author ity police officers. The women were violently assaulted while covering Palestinian dem onstrations, calling on P.A. leader Mahmoud Abbas to lift the economic sanctions he imposed last year on the Gaza Strip. The truth is that the Palestinian Authority is a body that has long been functioning as a dictatorship that suppresses freedom of speech and imposes a reign of terror and intimidation on Palestinian journalists and critics, writes Palestinian scholar and human-rights activist Bassam Tawil. Sadly, the subjugation of women and journalists is a regular occurrence in the Palestinian-controlled territories. According to a 2016 report brought to light by Israeli-Arab awardwinning journalist Khaled Abu Toameh, an estimated 36 Palestinian women have fallen victim to sexual exploitation by Palestinian officials. In recent years, at least 13 female Palestinian journalists in the Gaza Strip were victims of sexual assault. This is a consequence of Palestinian law granting of ficials immunity from being prosecuted for sex crimes. Laws do not even confront the issue of sexual assault in the P.A., while connections with the Hamas terror group ensure that these criminals will be kept in positions of power and out of jail. Palestinian women are of ten excluded from the public sphere, as exemplified during the latest Palestinian mu nicipal elections. Rather than referring to female candidates by name and publishing their pictures, electoral lists use the terms the wife of or sister of. However, when Palestin ian women carry out attacks against Israeli civilians, Pal estinian society glorifies them as heroines, plastering their photos across billboards for all to see. In other words, for Pales tinian women to get any sort of recognition in the public space, resorting to terrorism is often the only way. These human-rights abus estreating women like family pets and thwarting free speechwill certainly be missing from the IfNotNow trip to the Palestinian terri tories. IfNotNow claims they want oppression exposed. But they conveniently ignore the inhumanity of the P.A. and Hamas. How can any of this be a big deal when compared to the trials and tribulations of those five privileged American girls? Especially when there are literally dozens of trips for them to choose from. Whether you are religious, LGBT, vegan, special needs or want a program that interacts more with Israeli Arabs and Palestinians, participants are encouraged to choose a trip that caters to their interests. Birthright participants also have the option of extending their return flight for up to three months after the pro gram has concluded. If those girls were still not satisfied with their options, they could have easily participated in any other program of their choice after the initial Birthright itinerary had concluded. This walkout had nothing to do with concern for hu man rights. When compared to the horrendous record of the Palestinian leadership against women and the jour nalists who speak truth to power, these spoiled American ingrates whining about a free vacation is nothing but narcissism. Bradley Martin is a senior fellow with the news and public policy group Haym Salomon Center and deputy editor for the Canadian In stitute for Jewish Research Birthright protestors are accomplices in Palestinian Authority and Hamas inhumanity By Ben Cohen (JNS)Imam Mundhir Abdallah is a good example of the dilemmas that have confronted politicians in Den mark in their response to Is lamist extremism among the countrys 300,000 Muslims, the large majority of whom are firstor second-generation immigrants. In May 2017, the Danish Jewish community filed a complaint against Imam Abdallah for a sermon he delivered two months previ ously, in which he implored faithful Muslims to kill the Jews on Judgement Day and urged the liberation of the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem from the filth of the Zionists. The Danish authorities were aware of Imam Abdal lahs extremist beliefs and associations for at least two years before that. In February 2015, a man named Omar alHussein attended Abdallahs mosque in the Copenhagen suburb of Nrrebro; two days later, al-Hussein embarked on an armed terror rampage in the Danish capital, gunning down a Jewish security volun teer, Dan Uzan, at Copenha gens main synagogue before being shot himself by police. So when audio of Abdallahs Jew-baiting sermon of 2017 surfaced, the reaction against him was forcefuland not solely from the Jewish com munity. Speaking for the govern ment, the minister of im migration and integration, Inger Stjberg, denounced Abdallahs words as horrible, anti-democratic and abomi nable. Columnist Tarek Ziad Hussein wrote frankly in the newspaper Politiken, it is with a heavy heart that I must admit that we in Muslim circles have serious problems with anti-Semitism. Address ing the core of the matter and this in a country famous for being the only nation to resist the Nazi deportation of its 7,200 Jews during World War IIHussein asserted against the anti-Semites that Danish Jews have the right to be treated equally, regard less of their political views [on Israel.] There are between 7,000 and 9,000 Jews in Denmark. Even when compared with other small Jewish commu nities elsewhere in Europe, Jewish Danes constitute a tiny fragmentsome 0.16 percentof the overall popu lation of 5.5 million. And yet for much of this decade, they have endured anti-Semitic at tacks and abuse wildly out of proportion to their numbers. Most of that hostility comes from the Muslim commu nity. Surveys conducted in Denmark during the last decade show that Muslims are much more likely to hold anti-Semitic beliefs, with one poll demonstrating that 75 percent agree with statements such as Jews incite war and blame others, and Jews want to dominate everything. Yet levels of anti-Semitism among the wider population are relatively low, with an ADL survey of 2015 revealing that 9 percent of Danes hold antiSemitic views, as against 29 percent of Spains population and 37 percent of Frances. In Denmark, as elsewhere in Europe, the rise of antiSemitism among Muslim communities is closely con nected to other alarming trends, most obviously terror ism. Along with Copenhagen, Brussels and Toulouse are two other cities that have witnessed terrorist attacks on Jewish targets in recent years. After the week of ter ror in Paris in January 2015, which began with a terror operation against the satiri cal magazine Charlie Hebdo and ended in a murderous, hostage-taking siege at a ko sher supermarket, Europeans were faced, in sledgehammer fashion, with the realization that the rise in anti-Semitism and anti-Jewish fervor can result in targeted attacks on the general population as well. Many European countries have now introduced exten sive civic-education programs for immigrants, but it is the ambitious pending legislation in Denmark that has led to a wave of concern about racism and discrimination. In part, thats because of the unique conditions that prevail there. New welfare benefits laws passed at the end of the 1990s effectively froze immigrant populations in the urban neighborhoods where they originally settled, by assigning them to a specific municipality in order to receive their welfare Denmark confronts Islamism and integration payments. As of 2013, these 25 areaswhere crime, unem ployment and dependency on state benefits are primary fea tures of daily lifeare known officially as ghettos. Understandably, the use of the word ghetto has been widely criticized as deeply in sensitive and does the govern ment no favors in persuading its critics that its new policies are not driven by racism. But the policies in themselves, assembled in a plan to break up the ghettos by 2030, should be welcomed by anyone who has observed the havoc and insecurity wrought in Europe by Islamist extremism, as well as anyone concerned that the dunderheads of the far-right will capitalize on this state of affairs, as they have been. Included in the proposed legislation is mandatory in struction in Danish values Denmark on page 15A

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PAGE 6A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 LIGHT SHABBAT CANDLES AT A COMPREHENSIVE COMMUNITY CALENDAR Whats Happening For inclusion in the Whats Happening Calendar, copy must be sent on sepa rate sheet and clearly marked for Calendar. Submit copy via: e-mail (news@ orlandoheritage.com); mail (P.O. Box 300742, Fern Park, FL 32730-0742); fax (407-831-0507); or drop it by the office (207 OBrien Rd., Ste. 101, Fern Park) Deadline is Wednesday noon, 10 days prior to publication. JULY 20 8:04 p.m. JULY 27 8:01 p.m. MAIL SUBSCRIPTION TO: Name ___________________________________________________ Address _________________________________________________ City/State/Zip _____________________________________________ Phone _________________________________ # ____________________________________________ expiration date __________________________________ Name _______________________________ Address _____________________________ ________________________ Phone _______________________________ YES! I want to be informed. Start my subscription at once. Please: enter extend my subscription for: 1 year at $37.95 52 issues 2 years at $69.95 104 issues 1 year out-of-state at $46.95 or 2 years out-of-state at $87.95 P.O. Box 300742 (407) 834-8787 Its inexcusable! My week is not complete without it! Im lost without it! I cant live without it! How in the world am I supposed to know whats going on? What are you missing out on?... Subscribe today! These are some of the comments we receive from readers when they miss an issue of Heritage Florida Jewish News Quote of the Week The character of a people may be ruined by charity. Theodor Herzl 65. Draft-Worthy 66. Author Blyton 67. Home for Avraham 68. Observe Shabbat 69. Makes techeylet strings Down 1. Synagogue stand 2. Notable Tel-Aviv theater 3. Theyre born after Leos 4. Yo te ___ (Ani ohev otach) 5. Common Jewish name 6. ... ___ of fat things... (Isa. 25:6) 7. Curb Your Enthusiasm lead, for short 8. Put on the job 9. Two-time US open winner Patrick 10. Poetic tribute 11. Jerusalem neighborhood 12. Woes in Egypt 16. Grippers 18. Higher power belief 23. Quidditch mounts 27. Pests 30. Bird sound 34. Be imminent 36. Be a busy beaver? 37. ___ of ____ (fast day) 38. Expensive wool 39. Appraiser 40. Ancient Jewish monastic 41. A Clegane on Game of Thrones 45. Crime ___ pay 46. Moves in a crabby manner 48. Herods friend Marc 49. Mitch (Albom) visited him weekly 50. Makes like a girl acting as Queen Esther 53. Eretz ___ chalav... 60. Letter equal to 50 62. Jewish number for 18Down 63. Made like a quintessential bubby See answers on page 14A. Across 1. Dotted Hebrew vowel 5. Part of the West Coast, for short 9. Like two day old manna 13. Actor Corey (1971-2010) 14. ... wings ___ angel 15. Bring Uriss work to the screen 17. Plotters against Joseph 19. Dude 20. Short lived 2015 USA TV show set in Jerusalem 21. ... had taken from man, made ___ woman. (Genesis 2:22) 22. Weekly Instagram hashtag 24. Dude 25. Melodramatic, in slang 26. Trap 28. Billy Joels ___ to Ex tremes 29. French sage 31. Aristotle, to Alexander 32. Actor Chow ___-Fat 33. Umenyiora of football 35. ___ volente (G-d willing) 36. Leaves 37. Perhaps the most famous rules 41. WAR, e.g. 42. Love You lead-in, to The Beatles 43. Govt. agency that has your number 44. 4th of July cries 45. Array in a newsroom 47. Kermits home, once 51. Degree without a vowel 52. What may fit all 54. Easters beginning? 55. Dose guys, in Brooklyn 56. Sheeran and Asner 57. One of the 17-Across 58. Shalosh, in Italy 59. Matzah is made in them 61. Common algebra direc tion... or how to solve this puzzles theme 64. Seinfeld episode, now Challenging puzzle Algebra Problem by Yoni Glatt koshercrosswords@gmail.com MORNING AND EVENING MINYANS (Call synagogue to confirm time.) Chabad of South OrlandoMonday Friday, 8 a.m. and 10 minutes before sunset; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 8:15 a.m., 407-354-3660. Congregation Ahavas YisraelMonday Friday, 7:30 a.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 9 a.m., 407-644-2500. Congregation Chabad Lubavitch of Greater DaytonaMonday, 8 a.m.; Thursday, 8 a.m., 904672-9300. Congregation Ohev ShalomSunday, 9 a.m., 407-298-4650. GOBOR Community Minyan at Jewish Academy of OrlandoMondayFriday, 7:45 a.m.8:30 a.m. Temple IsraelSunday, 9 a.m., 407-647-3055. FRIDAY, JULY 20 Ahavas YisraelKabbalat, 30 minutes before sundown. SATURDAY, JULY 21 Torah PortionParashat Devarim Deuteronomy 1:1 3:22; Haftarah: Isaiah 1:1-27. MONDAY, JULY 23 Israeli Folk Dancing7:30-8:15 p.m. instruction, 8:15-10 p.m., requests. Cost: Free for JCC members, $5 nonmembers. Info: 407-645-5933. Congregation Beth AmMommy and Me class with Cantor Nina Fine, 10 a.m.-11:30 a.m. $7 per family; free for CBA members Info: 407-862-3505. TUESDAY, JULY 24 JOIN OrlandoTorah Tuesdays, 7:30 p.m. No charge. More information email rabbig@joinor lando.org. WEDNESDAY, JULY 25 Temple IsraelLunch & Learn with Rabbi Neely, noon1 p.m. A parashat discussion class. Open to the public, no RSVP needed. Info: 407-647-3055. SPARKLunch and Learn, 12:30 p.m. Join Jewish women and explore the relevance of the weekly Torah portion within modern-day life, with free lunch at 954 S. Orlando Ave., Winter Park. Info: Sarah Gittleson at sgittleson@joinorlando.org. FRIDAY, JULY 27 Ahavas YisraelKabbalat, 30 minutes before sundown. By Cindy Cher CHICAGO (JTA)My sister was married on a beautiful summer day many years ago. Those of us in the wedding party took pictures in a garden before the ceremony. As maid of honor, one of my duties was to hold up the train of her dress so it wouldnt drag through the dirt. But there was a lot of dirt, and the dress was soiled despite my best efforts. She couldnt see the grime, but her bridesmaids could, so I silently made eyes conveying my distress over the maid-of-honor fail. I cant keep a secret from my sister. So a minute later, nearly in tears, I blurted out, Um, look at your dress, pointing to the gray smudges on the bottom edge of the gown. Eh, oh well, my super un-diva-like sister replied with a shrug. Were still getting married. She recognized that petty wedding details just didnt matter. All these years later, despite the garden mishap, theyre happily married with a brood of beautiful sons. In American culture and the Jewish community, too, we get caught up in weddings. We pour ridiculous sums of money into themthe aver age price tag for a wedding rose to a record $35,329 in 2016, according to The Knot. But more than that one big day, its all the days after the wedding that countits re ally about the marriage. Torah teaches us about the origins of (what we now call) marriage in another more famous gardenthe Garden of Eden. For thats where God saw that it is not good for man to be alone (Genesis 2:18) and created the first human couple, Adam and Eve. Marriage for themand for all the married couples who follow(ed) in their footsteps down the aislewas and is both meant to ensure the survival of humanity and help people find companionship and joy. Now the Garden of Paradise may be gone, but our hopes for happy marriages endure. One of the Jewish wedding blessings we still say under the huppah reflects that hope: Make these beloved compan ions as happy as were the first human couple in the Garden of Eden. Thats a tall order, and ought to take a lot more Weddings are lovely, but its the marriage that matters energy than whether to have sushi or mini hot dogs during the cocktail hour. In a few days, its my turn to get hitchedin fact, on the same weekend as Tu bAv, the ancient Jewish holiday of matchmaking, which starts this year on the evening of July 26. Its the day, the Talmud tells us, when young women would go out dressed in white and dance in the vineyardsin the gardens, if you willand try to catch the eye of eligible bachelors. My fianc and I are having fun planning the wedding so long as we remember not to take it too seriously. Like when we spent hours singing along (loud and off-key) to Motown, big band and pop classics to select for our wed ding playlist. Oh, and there were many buttercream cakes to be tasted now thats my version of paradise. But Id never given thought to some of the other details in planning a wedding; I spend more time daydreaming about what comes next. Take the wedding registry. I didnt care whether we choose All-Clad or Calphalon pots Marriage on page 13A

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 PAGE 7A A few examples of rare and treasured license plate finds. By Marilyn Shapiro Delaware! my husband Larry yelled as we drove past a line of parked cars on Galena Street in Frisco, Colorado. We got Delaware! In our life, Getting Dela ware is a big deal. Within the first 10 days of our five-week search for license plates, we had gotten the license plate of the elusive Eastern seaboard state. Could Rhode Island be far behind? Road trip entertainment Today, while heading for their annual family vacation, children sit in the back seats of a SUV watching Toy Story or Frozen from a strategi cally placed rear-seat DVD system. When our children Adam and Julie were young, high tech electronic baby sitters were not available. We resorted to supplying them with books and food and some random toys to keep them busy. We also had aces up our sleeve. On long trips, I read them booksSuperfudge and Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing were the most popular. At night, we played PDiddle. The first person to see a car with a missing headlight would yell the eponymous games name. The winner could punch his/her sibling in the shoulder. (Of course, Adam and Julie liked punching each other.) And if all else failed, we would pull out our old radio show cassette tapes and listen to Burns and Allen, Abbott and Costello, and the Lone Ranger. Not a Disney or Pixar movie to be found. Amazingly, we man aged to get through our trips! A new game For many years, our an nual family vacation was spent at my parents cottage on the New York side of Lake Champlain. The four of us would often take a day trip on the ferry from Port Kent to Burlington, Vermont. Dur ing those crossings, Larry encouraged us to check out the license plates. It became a game for us to see how many states we could find squeezed between bumpers. We could pick up 10 or 12 states, mostly from the northeastern part of the country. Dad would become pretty obsessed about our finding those license plates, Julie recalled. Our game continued when our vacations expanded to Cape Cod. We would find an occasional Georgia or even California, but most people who headed to the Cape were from the New England and Mid-Atlantic states. A family vacation to Acadia National Park gave us a chance to ex pand our repertoire. I think that Larry was as excited to find that license plate from Alaska as he was to see Cadillac Mountain and Thunder Hole. We pursue the plates The children went along with their fathers fascination, but it wasnt until Adam and Julie were out of the house and we began traveling out west to several national parks that his interest in tracking down all 52 plates intensified, and I became his mostly willing pursuing-the-plates-partner. Fifty-two? That is part of The Official Rules of the Game. We are obligated to find all 50 states, including both the yellow and turquoise New Mexico plates, and Wash ington, D.C. We also track Canadas 10 provinces and three territoriesincluding its newest Nunavutas a bonus. (Bet many of you didnt know all that information about Canada! See how much you can learn plate pursuing?) Larry, the statistician, is in charge of keeping track of all our finds in his head and categorizing them by regions. I, the writer, am responsible for writing down each state as it is found and keeping the tally sheet with me at all times. Sightings vary No matter how compli cated the rules, we are al ways able to pick off the big statesCalifornia, Texas, and Floridaquickly. Noncontiguous Alaska and Hawaii are more difficult because of the distancebut we have found them almost every year. Washington, D.C., may be small in area, but anyone who has experienced the District of Columbia during the summer can understand why its 700,000 residents head out every July and August for cooler climes. The small states are the most problematic. As noted above, a license plate from Delaware is a coveted prize, as is West Virginia and New Hampshire. And Rhode Is land? Legend says that Rhode Islanders consider any drive that takes more than 20 minutes a road trip. The prob ability of a Little Rhody driving all the way to Colorado or Utah is slim. They usually are the last plates we findif they are found at all. Many of the plates have been spotted while we are on the road, usually with Larrythe designated driverbehind the wheel. Example: Wait! Is that Maine in front of us? Larry shouts. He then speeds up the car and gets closer to targeted car to confirm. Yes! We got Maine! We are lucky we havent yet got a ticket for speeding or tailgating in the process. And speaking of dangerous situations: Larry views every parking lot as a plethora of potential picks. He often takes circuitous routes through rows and rows of cars in search of an elusive New Jersey or West Virginia. I live in fear that my Plate Patroller will be so preoccupied in his hunt that he will get hit by a car backing out of a space. And sometimes, I am not afraidjust angry. As he usually has the keys to the rental car, I often find myself standing next to the locked passenger door, waiting in the rain or blazing heat or wind until Larry finishes his final scan and returns. Bounty hunter in action At times, Larry has re sorted to tracking down the actual drivers. While carrying groceries into our Colorado rental, Larry spotted a family sporting University of West Virginia sweatshirts walking into the condo next to us. Larry tore after them to ask if they were from the Mountain State. When they answered yes, In pursuit of state plates Larry immediately followed up with the second, and more critical, question: Did you drive your own car? Sorry! Its a rental! Darn! Unexpected treasures A few times, our search has yielded hidden treasures. We were walking into a Kansas City Royals vs. San Fran cisco Giants spring training game in Surprise Stadium in Arizona when Larry saw a license plate from Canadas Northwest Territories. Not only was it the first time we had ever spotted a plate from Plates on page 15A

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PAGE 8A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 M. Phillips/WireImage for Evolutionary Media Group Rabbi Sharon Brous at an event at the El Rey Theater in Hollywood, Calif., in 2006. moving musical experience. But Ain knows that you cant count on it if you need to say a daily Kaddish, the mourning prayer, for a dead parent. I was always in the back of my mind desiring of a com munity in which I could have a shiva minyan for people, he said, referring to prayer groups that gather in the houses of mourners. The ability to do stuff over a long period of time is something I havent had the opportunity to do because everything Ive been doing goes up and comes down. Ain is one of several pio neers of independent Jewish communities who have, in one way or another, inched back toward the synagogue model they once rejected. About 15 years ago, a series of Jewish groups that began springing up thought the synagogue was not responding to their spiritual and ritual needs. They differed in their na ture but shared a few com mon themes: They did not have a permanent physical space; they did not affiliate with a Jewish denomination; and they did not charge an nual membership dues. While some were founded by rabbis, others eschewed the idea of paid clergy. Many, though not all, were created by alumni of Conservative institutions. Several have found success, like Ains Brooklyn organiza tion, Because Jewish, which was founded in 2015. Manhat tans Kehilat Hadar, one of the first independent minyans, or prayer groups, is in its 18th year, and its founders are among the thought leaders of a wave of egalitarian, tradi tionally committed Jews. Ikar, a Los Angeles community, is 14 years old. Its rabbi, Sharon Brous, gave an invocation at President Barack Obamas second inauguration. But those once-scrappy initiatives are adopting tra ditional trappings. Ikar has a physical building like other large, liberal Jewish houses of worship. Hadar just instituted membership and a board. Ain has departed his organization for a pulpit. The leaders of these communities say the move toward institutional ism isnt a betrayal of their founding principles, just a necessary response to what their organizations or they themselves need In other words, the syna gogue is dead. Long live the synagogue. When we started, it was a scrappy startup, and I can no longer describe it that way, Brous, who was ordained They tried to take Judaism out of synagogue spacesnow theyre coming back to them By Ben Sales NEW YORK (JTA)For 10 years, Rabbi Dan Ain has tried to take Judaism out of the synagogue. Hes convened Friday night prayers in auditoriums with musicians like Matisyahu and Lisa Loeb. Hes held Rosh Hashanah services in a bowl ing alley/concert venue. He scheduled an interview earlier this month at an artisanal coffee shop in Brooklyn and showed up in a T-shirt and backward baseball cap, his long hair spilling out of the sides above his long salt-andpepper beard. Ain became a rabbi because he felt like the synagogue model was old and tired. Just this month, he compared the typical American Saturday morning prayer service to a Civil War reenactment. Theyre dressed in the right clothing, theyre saying the same words that were said in 1863 in exactly the right ways, he said. But theres no stakes involved, theres no danger in their hearts. And for a lot of people services can feel like that. Which is why it may be surprising that on Sunday, Dan Ain will become the pulpit rabbi of a Conservative synagogue in San Francisco founded nearly a century ago. To Ain, its not a contra diction. He is proud of the independent Jewish programs he built in Brooklyn and downtown Manhattan. But as hes had kids and watched the world change since 2016, he says that he recognizes the need for stability, a reliable community and, yes, physical permanence. An organization that holds Shabbat services with the lead singer of Guster may create a at the Conservative Jewish Theological Seminary, said of Ikar. People ask me, with a building, arent you going to be a regular synagogue? And Im not worried about it at all. Were really a questiondriven and idea-driven com munity. The building is just driving us to ask these ques tions with greater urgency. When Ikar was founded in 2004, it held events and services in cafes, bars and private homes with a focus on drawing in unaffiliated Jews. It remains unaffili ated, but is now construct ing its own building. Brous is also currently leading the communitys second annual mission to Israela staple of traditional synagogues. Ikar employs a large staff for its services, programs and preschool. It has also joined with six other independent communi ties (including one Renewal Judaism congregation) to form the Jewish Emergent Network. The networkwith congregations from Seattle to Chicago to Washington, D.C.is not a traditional movement like Conservative, Reform or Orthodox Judaism, Brous says. Its member con gregations differ in ideology, but collaborate on fundrais ing and resources. And Ikar in particular, she says, is still defined by the ideas and priorities that animate it, not where it meets. What we learned early on is that a lot of the successes and best practices of how to engage people in Jewish life were inaccessible or missing, Brous said. People are even more desperate to find a way for their Jewish tradition and faith community to help them make sense of what it means to be an American, to be a Jew. One of the founders of Hadar, Rabbi Elie Kaunfer, says it makes sense that older independent communities are seeking permanence as they expand. In many cases, he says, young prayer groups dont have a building simply because they cannot afford one. Having a building is about the benefits of having a space you control, which does track onto organizational maturity and the next stage of growth, said Kaunfer, who wrote the book Empowered Judaism: What Independent Minyanim Can Teach Us about Building Vibrant Jewish Communi ties. Having a building or a permanent space is not an ideological step. Its a practi cal step. Earlier this year, Hadar cre ated a formal nonprofit board and membership structure based on either annual dues or a certain amount of volun teering. It has been meeting weekly in the same space, a Conservative Jewish day school, since 2011. Once popu lated largely by recent college graduates, it is now creating more structured childrens programmingincluding paid babysitting every week, a regular childrens service and early dinner for kids when the community meets on Friday nights. But the new board presi dent, Emily Scharfman, notes that the group still does not have clergy or paid staff of any kind. Kehilat Hadar is deeply interested in feeling like a permanent davening com munity, she said, using a Yiddish word for prayer. I think thats fundamentally and deeply important to all of us here. I dont think wanting some kind of permanency and routine is the same as the oldfashioned synagogue model. In other cases, institu tional concerns can lead to a successful prayer group shutting down. Thats what happened to Makom, an off shoot of a Dallas Conservative synagogue, Congregation Shearith Israel. Makom once counted 1,500 participants a large number in a midsize Jewish community like Dallas. Makom was active from 2012 to 2015, and met for services in a loft space wallpapered with whiteboards that attendees were free to draw on before the event. Differences with the syna gogue led to Makoms folding, and its founders, Danielle Ru goff and her husband, Rabbi David Singer, moved to San Diego, where Singer is a Hillel rabbi. But Rugoff says they are exploring a return to Dallas, where they could re-create Makom as a fully independent organization. Theres nothing out there for Conservative Jews that was relevant and compelling, that also was a space where Jews by choice, Reform Jews, interfaith couples, where people could come in and be able to really witness and feel a Judaism that was closer to something that they would practice, she said, describing her impetus for co-founding Makom. Talking about big ideas and the value of life and everything else Judaism can offer is something people want. For Ain, the choice to move from a bowling alley to a bimah is partly practi calfundraising was tough in Brooklynbut its also ideological. He believed that by attracting a group of likeminded young people, he was missing out on the sometimes difficult but also intricate mosaic of a typical synagogue community. People may not agree on everything and theyll come from different generations, he says, but they will be there both for bar/bat mitzvahs and funerals The political polarization of the current era has only rein forced that notion for him. Theres a trend to silo our selves, he said. I think there is a real reluctance for people to enter into synagogue life because of all of the meshugas that comes with community, all of the real intermingling of people and different person alities But the fragmentation leaves people isolated and lonely. Ain, similar to Brous, says being a permanent and more traditional space will not necessarily have to mean letting go of experimental musical experiences, or even his penchant for meeting at a cafe in a T-shirt. Kaunfer also says that as some prayer groups have become more like synagogues, synagogues have adopted practices and melodies pioneered by the prayer groups. Others still dislike the idea of permanence. If the second iteration of Makom does end up happening, Rugoff says, it will still appeal to people who are still looking for something other than what their parents synagogue has to offer. I dont think Makom would ever become a brickand-mortar synagogue, she said. I think were talking about people where the idea of membership doesnt make sense to them. I built a com munity I wanted to raise my family in, and no matter where I go, Ill be looking for that. Construction, Remodels, Additions, Handyman does most anything Available in Central Florida Area References AvailableRicardo Torres Handyman407-221-5482 When becomesrfnrtb I DO I' M D ONE. 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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 PAGE 9A can be purchased at the following locations: Scene Around Scene Around By Gloria YoushaCall 407-657-9405 or gloriayousha@gmail.com ORANGE COUNTY JCC 851 N. Maitland Ave., Maitland JCC South 11184 South Apopka-Vineland Rd., Orlando Kinneret 515 South Delaney Ave., Orlando SOJC 11200 S. Apopka Vineland Rd., Orlando Browns New York Deli 156 Lake Ave., Maitland Most Publix Supermarkets All Winn Dixie Supermarkets SEMINOLE COUNTY Heritage News 207 OBrien Rd., Fern Park Barnes and Noble Booksellers 451 E. Altamonte Dr. Suite 2317, Altamonte Springs & 1260 Oviedo Marketplace Blvd., Oviedo Bagel King 1472 Semoran Blvd., Casselberry Kosher Kats 744 W. S.R. 434, Longwood Central Florida Hillel 4250 Alafaya Trail, Ste. 212-363, Oviedo Most Publix Supermarkets All Winn Dixie Supermarkets VOLUSIA COUNTY Federation of Volusia/Flagler 470 Andalusia Ave., Ormond Beach Most Publix Supermarkets All Winn Dixie Supermar kets Barnes & Noble 1900 W. International Speedway Blvd., Daytona Beach Perrys Ocean Edge Resort 2209 South Atlantic Ave. Daytona Beach Debary City Hall Debary Library Vienna Coffee House 275 Charles Richard Beall Bl Starbucks 2575 Enterprise Rd Orange City City Hall Orange City Library Dunkin Donuts 1296 S Woodland Stetson University Carlton Union Deland Chamber of Commerce Sterling House 1210 Stone St Temple Israel 1001 E New York Ave Beth Shalom 1310 Maximillan St Deltona City Hall Deltona Library Temple Shalom 1785 Elkam Dr. Temple Israel 1001 E New York Ave, Deland College Arms Apt 101 Amelia Ave, Deland Boston Gourmet Coffee House 109 E. New York Ave, Deland Stetson University Carlton Union 421 N Woodland Ave, Deland Family Bookstore 1301 N Woodland Ave, Deland Deland Chamber of Commerce 336 Woodland Ave, Deland Deland City Hall 120 S Florida Ave, Deland Beth Shalom 206 S. Sprng Garden Ave, Deland Orange City Library 148 Albertus Way, Orange City Boston Gourmet Coffee House 1105 Saxon Blvd, Deltona Deltona Library 2150 Eustace Ave, Deltona Temple Shalom 1785 Elkam Dr., Deltona Deltona Community Center, 980 Lakeshore Dr, Deltona Debary City Hall 16 Colomba Rd, Debary Debary Library 200 Florence K. Little, Debary OSCEOLA COUNTY Cindy M. Rothfield, P.A. 822 W. Bryan St., Kissimmee Most Publix Supermarkets Verandah Place Realty 504 Celebration Ave., Celebration All Winn Dixie Supermarkets St. Cloud City Hall 1300 9th St, St. Cloud St. Cloud Library 810 13th St, St. Cloud Southern Oaks 3865 Old Canoe Creek Rd, St. Cloud Plantation Bay 4641 Old Canoe Creek Rd, St. Cloud Osceola Chamber of Commerce 1425 Hwy 192, St. Cloud Valencia College 1800 Denn John Ln, Kissimmee Kissimmee City Hall 101 Church St, Kissimmee Kissimmee Library 211 E. Dakin, Kissimmee Robinsons Coffee Shop 114 Broadway, Kissimmee Osceola County Courthouse 2 Courthouse Sq, Kissimmee Barnies 3236 John Young Pwy, Kissimmee Reilys Gourmet Coffee 3831 Vine St, Kissimmee Shalom Aleichem 3501 Oak Pointe Blvd, Kissimmee Books-A-Million 2605 W. Osceola Pwy (522), Kissimmee Lower East Side Deli 8548 Palm Parkway, Lake Buena Sudoku (see page 14A for solution) Ive been to this paradise... Im referring to Switzerland, of course. It is truly an inspir ing, lovely country. My deceased spouse and I truly enjoyed our visit some years ago and I will never forget it. I recently read this about the Swiss government com mitting to security of its Jewish community. I pass it along to you: The Swiss National Council has adopted a motion mandat ing the government to increase its efforts to protect religious minorities, including the local Jewish community. The motion passed unanimously by the lower house of the countrys federal assembly signals an important shift in the governments approach to the security of the Jewish community. The motion mandates the Federal Council to work together with the cantons to identify additional measures, which could be taken to protect religious communities from terrorism and extremist violence. It also calls for immediate financial support to be made available for the protection of minorities and opens up the possibility of the drafting of a federal law to enable the Swiss Confederation to take further measures for their protection. The motion was already passed last year by the Council of States, the upper house, following advocacy by World Jewish Congresss Switzerland affiliate Schweizetrischer Israelitischer Gemeindebund (SIG). Remembering Jewish history... During World War II, Nazi Germany led a systematic cam paign to loot and plunder art from Jews and others in the occupied countries. Much of the stolen art was recovered by the Allies in the immediate aftermath of the war, how ever, thousands of valuable art pieces were not returned to their rightful owners or were never relocated. On June 30, 1998, 39 coun tries signed a joint pledge to identify art stolen from Ho locaust victims and to com pensate their heirs. Nearly every European country... in addition to the United States, Canada, Argentina, Brazil, Russia, and Israel signed the agreement. A Jewish Pavilion mensch... Three cheers for PAUL STENZLER who just com pleted his two year term as the chairman of the board at the Jewish Pavilion. Paul ran meetings with flair and sensitivity and focused on keeping relationships on the board friendly and polite. He is very popular amongst members of the board of directors. Paul and his beautiful wife, TERRI FINE, have been active volunteers at the Jewish Pavilion. They led musical celebrations, Shabbat services, Passover seders and memorial programs. Paul was instrumental in organizing Music Fest last fall. He has performed, along with his band Rhythm Release, for many of the Pavilion galas. (I know Paul to be a very talented musician and an allaround likeable guy!) And while on the subject of the Jewish Pavilion... If you would like to do a real mitzvah, and give back to your community, wont you volunteer with The Jewish Pavilion? From one-on-one visits, regular programs, holidays or office work, you personally can make a difference in an area close to home, at your convenience. Please call the office for more information, 407-678-9363 JCC39ers Cinema Sundays... On Sunday, July 22nd, the featured movie will be Goyas Ghosts starring Israeli actress, NATALIE PORTMAN. The show starts at 2 p.m. in The Roth Family JCC, Maitland, in the Senior Lounge. Re freshments will be available. Shout Out... How great is this? Dining at the Outback Restaurant, Aloma Avenue, Winter Park, with a friend recently, my server, VICTOR ALICEA, remembered my name... and not only my name, but my order... drink, dinner and dessert! (Its a good thing he re membered because I forgot! I always get the same thing!) One for the road... The following joke really struck me funny! Sadie stopped by an usher at the entrance to the synagogue at the start of a wedding ceremony. The usher asked, Are you a friend of the bride? Sadie quickly replied, No, of course not. I am the grooms mother. (Relax! I love my daughters-in-law!) 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PAGE 10A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 The brainchild of a 39-year-old Brooklyn businessman, Wrapp enables users to get tefillin for prayers for free. Although the app is also intended for observant Jews who forgot or lost their tefillin, Shimon said the typical user would be someone who had an impulse or inspiration to don a set. Users tend to be people who want to connect to God. And when people do, it is a very personal thing. Some one might reach out when theyre depressed, another when theyve just signed a huge successful deal. Others on their mothers yahrzeit, he added, using the Yiddish word for the anniversary of a persons death. Its different for every person. Those in need of a set can indicate their window of availabilitya half hour, an hour or two hours. Providers within a range are pinged with the request. The first provider who accepts can then sched ule a session at the requesters location or propose a different location. The project was a bit too big to take off immediately, Shimon said. Several app developers turned him down, citing the obstacles and costs of constantly updating software with thousands of simultaneous users. Eventually he teamed up with Spotlight Design, a branding and marketing agency owned by Chabad fol lowers in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn, the world headquarters for the Chabad movement. They got it, they got super enthusiastic about it and they worked on it, Shimon said. Shimon wouldnt say how he was supporting the project or how much it cost. First of all, its not a onetime investmentit con stantly evolves and changes, so I dont have a figure for you, he said. Maybe I could tell you when Messiah comes. Only a few dozen requesters have used the app, Shimon said. But it has not been of ficially launched or marketed. An app that lets users sum mon an observant Jew to a predetermined address raises some security concerns at a time when Jews are frequently singled out for violence in Europe and beyond, Shimon acknowledged. Yes, its something that weve taken into account, which is why theres a 20mile limit on how far a provider may be summoned to deliver tefillin, he said. The assumption here is that you as a provider know your immediate surroundings. And of course our advice is: If its fishy, dont go! The range can be changed to one mile. Additionally, providers need to indicate on Wrapp that the action has been completed. When theres an action that stays open for more than an hour or two, it raises flags and we can check to see what happened, Shimon said. Wrapp is only usable during daytime, when tefillin is usu ally worn. Orthodox Judaism consid ers wearing tefillin a com mandment that only applies to men, although some Or thodox feminists and many more women in the Conserva tive and other non-Orthodox movements have taken up the ritual. Two weeks ago, Wrapp received its first request from a female. Shimon said that responding is up to the discre tion of the individual provid ers, and Wrapp currently has no policy on the issue. The new user turned out to be the non-Jewish caretaker of an elderly Jewish man who wanted to perform the ritual but had neither tefillin nor a smartphone. Hillel Pikarskei, a Chabad rabbi in Paris, welcomes the competition. On his regular beat in Paris, which includes the leading falafel stores of the Marais, the citys historic Jewish quarter, he said he has gotten about 13,000 Jews to put on tefillin. It sounds like a good thing, I like it, Pikarskei said of the app. You think its going to put me out of business? No way, my friend. Im working in a world-renowned tourist spot. Dont you worry about me. Need tefillin? Theres an app for that By Cnaan Liphshiz AMSTERDAM (JTA)You can call a taxi, order a ham burger, rent a film and buy a book with a few clicks of a smartphone. So why shouldnt it be as easy to score a set of tefillin? That, at least, was the ques tion that led to the launch last month of Wrappan app its creator calls the Uber of the tefillin world. It connects those who have tefillinleather straps attached to a set of two small boxes containing scripture on parchmentwith Jews who need them for morning prayers or other rituals. And its free. The brainchild of a 39-yearold Brooklyn businessman, Wrapp hit app stores last month. It already has signed up more than 4,500 providers in the United States, Israel, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand. Providers offer their tefillin to those making the request within a radius of 20 miles. The apps creator, a follower of the Chabad Hasidic move ment named Shimonhe said he did not want to reveal his last name to avoid a down pour of emails and sugges tions,decided on a trip to Israel two years ago that this is what the world needs, he told JTA on Thursday. He met an old friend from the States who had made arrangements to borrow another persons tefillin in Israel. It didnt make sense to me that in a Jewish country, borrowing a tefillin should be such an issue. Thats when the idea came to me. I knew I was on to something big. Chabad is famous for solic iting Jews all over the world to partake in the tefillin cer emony. Worshippers use the straps to bind the small boxes to their forehead and bicepa literal interpretation of the biblical injunction to bind Gods word as a sign upon the hands and between the eyes. Among Chabad followers and others, getting Jews to perform the mitzvah, or positive commandment, even once will hasten the coming of the Messiah. (JTA)Yad Vashems chief historian said Tuesday that we can live with much of the joint Holocaust declara tion by Israel and Poland that has come in for criticism, including from the U.S. Ho locaust Memorial Museum. Dina Porat in an interview with Israels Kan national broadcaster said the declara tion should be changed but not canceled. The declaration made ear lier this month by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his Polish counterpart, Mateusz Morawiecki, ac knowledges collaboration by some Poles during the Holocaust and the rescue of Jews by others. It also states that during the Holocaust, unfortunately, the sad fact is that some people regard less of their origin, religion or worldview revealed their darkest side. Porat told Kan that she consulted privately with both sides working on the declara tion, though on a voluntary, personal and confidential basis, and not as a representa tive of Yad Vashem. She said she thinks she was able to minimize the damage. Porat said she offered to resign from her position at Yad Vashem after her involve ment in the declaration came to light, but that Yad Vashem Chairman Avner Shalev re jected her offer. The U.S. Holocaust Memo rial Museum in its criticism on Tuesday said the declaration does not secure a future for Holocaust education, scholar ship, and remembrance. The declaration was de signed to end the diplomatic spat between Poland and Israel over a law passed in Polands parliament in February that criminalized blaming the Polish nation for Nazi crimes. Israel protested the law and Polands government subse quently softened it, adding an amendment that scraps the three-year prison sentence prescribed in the original legislation. Newspapers in Israel, Ger many and the United King dom published the declara tion, leading to criticism from opposition leaders and histo rians in Israel and elsewhere. The museum acknowl edged in a statement that it has held public and private discussions with the Polish government. We appreciate the dialogue and hope that it will continue. But the recent amendment does not address our primary concern, which is the poten tial for intimidation, selfcensorship, and politicization, rather than a shared belief in the need for an ongoing, honest engagement with the past, the museum said in the statement. We can live with joint IsraelPoland Holocaust declaration Publication Date: August 3, 2018 Advertising Deadline: July 25, 2018 The Back to School Issue... IS BACK!

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 PAGE 11A Orlando Weekday Morning Minyan (Conservative/Egalitarian ), services MondayFriday 7:45 a.m. (9 a.m.national holidays); 2nd floor ChapelJewish Academy of Orlando; 851 N. Maitland Ave., Maitland. For information call 407-298-4650. Celebration Jewish Congregation (R) services and holiday schedules shown at www. JewishCelebration.org ; 407-566-9792. Chabad Lubavitch of North Orlando (O) 1701 Markham Woods Road, Longwood, 407-636-5994, www.jewishorlando.com; services: Friday 7:00 p.m.; Saturday at 9:30 a.m. Chabad of Altamonte Springs (O) 414 Spring Valley Lane, Altamonte Springs, 407280-0535; www.jewishaltamonte.com Chabad of South Orlando (O) 7347 Sand Lake Road, Orlando, 407-354-3660; www. jewishorlando.com ; Shabbat services: Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. and 10 minutes before sunset; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 8:15 a.m. Chabad of the Space & Treasure Coasts (O) 1190 Highway A1A, Satellite Beach, 321-777-2770. Congregation Ahavas Yisrael/Chabad (O) 708 Lake Howell Rd., Maitland, 407-6442500; www.chabadorlando.org ; services: Sunday, 9 a.m.; Monday-Friday, 7:30 a.m.; Shabbat services: Friday, 6:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Family service, 4th Friday of the month. Congregation Bet Chaim (R) 181 E. Mitchell Hammock, Oviedo, 407-830-7211; www. betchaim.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Am (C) 3899 Sand Lake Road, Longwood, 407-862-3505; www. congbetham.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth El (C) 2185 Meadowlane Ave., West Melbourne, 321-779-0740; Shabbat services, 1st & 3rd Friday, 8 p.m.; 2nd & 4th Saturdays, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth Emeth (R) 2205 Blue Sapphire Circle, Orlando, 407-222-6393; Shabbat service: monthly, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Israel (Rec) Collins Resource Center, Suite 303, 9401 S.R. 200, Ocala, 352-237-8277; bethisraelocala.org; Shabbat service, second Friday of the month, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Sholom (R-C) 315 North 13th St., Leesburg, 352-326-3692; www. bethsholomflorida.org ; schedule of services on website. Congregation Beth Shalom (Progressive Conservative) Orange City congregation holds services at 1308 E. Normandy Blvd., Deltona; 386-804-8283; www.mybethshalom. com ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation Bnai Torah (C) 403 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 32174, 386-672-1174; www.mybnaitorah.com ; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation Chabad Lubavitch of Greater Daytona (O) 1079 W. Granada Blvd., Ormond Beach, 386-672-9300; Shabbat services Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation of Reform Judaism (R) 928 Malone Dr., Orlando, 407-645-0444; www.crjorlando.org : Shabbat services, 7 p.m. 1st, 2nd and 3rd Fridays; 6 p.m., 4th and 5th Fridays; Saturday: 10 a.m. Congregation Mateh Chaim (R) P.O. Box 060847, Palm Bay, 32906, 321-768-6722. Congregation Ohev Shalom (C) 613 Concourse Parkway South, Maitland, 407-2984650; www.ohevshalom.org ; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Shalom Aleichem (R) 3501 Oak Pointe Blvd., Kissimmee, 407-9350064; www.shalomaleichem.com ; Shabbat service, 1st and 3rd Fridays of the month, 8 p.m. Congregation Shomer Ysrael (C) 5382 Hoffner Ave., Orlando, 407-227-1258, call for services and holiday schedules. Congregation Sinai (C/R) 303A N. S.R. 27, Minneola; 352-243-5353; congregationsinai.org; services: every Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Shabbat Service evert Saturday, 10 a.m. Orlando Torah Center (O) 8591 Banyan Blvd., Orlando; 347-456-6485; ShacharisShabbos 9 a.m.; Mon.Thurs. 6:45 a.m.; Sun. and Legal Holidays 8 a.m.; Mincha/Maariv Please call for times. Southwest Orlando Jewish Congregation/Ohalei Rivka (C) 11200 S. ApopkaVineland Rd., Orlando, 407-239-5444; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Temple Beth El (R) 579 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 386-677-2484. Temple Beth Shalom (R), P.O. Box 031233, Winter Haven, 813-324-2882. Temple Beth Shalom (C) 40 Wellington Drive, Palm Coast, 386-445-3006; Shabbat service, Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 9 a.m. Temple Beth Sholom (C) 5995 N. Wickham Rd. Melbourne, 321-254-6333; www. mytbs.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7 p.m.; Saturday: 9:30 a.m. Minyan, Tuesday, 7:30 p.m.; Thursday, 10:00 a.m. Temple Beth Shalom (R) 1109 N.E. 8th Ave., Ocala, 352-629-3587; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Torah study: Saturday, 10:00 a.m. Temple Bnai Darom (R), 49 Banyan Course, Ocala, 352-624-0380; Friday Services 8 p.m. Temple Israel (C) 50 S. Moss Rd., Winter Springs, 407-647-3055; www.tiflorida.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday 9:00 a.m. Temple Israel (R), 7350 Lake Andrew Drive, Melbourne, 321-631-9494. Temple Israel (C) 579 N. Nova Road, Ormond Beach, 386-252-3097; Shabbat service, Friday, 7 p.m.; Saturday: 10:30 a.m. Temple Israel of DeLand (R) 1001 E. New York Ave., DeLand, 386-736-1646; www. templeisraelofdeland.org; Friday Shabbat service, 7 p.m.; Saturday, 10:00 a.m. followed by Torah study. Temple Shalom (formerly New Jewish Congregation) (R) 13563 Country Road 101, Oxford, 352-748-1800; www.templeshalomcentralfl.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7 p.m.; last Saturday of the month, 9:30 a.m. Temple Shalom of Deltona (R/C) 1785 Elkcam Blvd., Deltona, 386-789-2202; www. shalomdeltona.org; Shabbat service; Saturday: 10 a.m. Temple Shir Shalom (R) Services held at Temple Israel, 50 S. Moss Rd., Winter Springs, 407-366-3556, www.templeshirshalom.org ; Shabbat services: three Fridays each month, 7:30 p.m. Traditional Congregation of Mount Dora (T) Mount Dora, 352-735-4774; www. tcomd.org; Shabbat services: Saturday, 9:30 a.m. sharp. (R) Reform (C) Conservative (O) Orthodox (Rec) Reconstructionist (T) Mehitsa By Ben Sales TEL AVIV (JTA)One of the biggest days of the year for Ronaldo and Bernadette Lopez is Christmas. They open up their Filipino restaurant in South Tel Aviv, and their friends bring their families, crowd the place and eat embutido, a rolled pork dish from their shared home country. But this year may be different because the Lopez family no longer celebrates Christmas. In April, they converted to Judaism. And as of May, they still hadnt told their Filipino friends about the decision, which followed a year-and-a-half of study and an oral exam they had to pass. Not yet, Ronaldo said, laughing as he prepared chicken in their restaurant last month. Im keeping it as a secret for us. Until now I am still in the cloud nine. I dont believe that I passed everything. They will be shocked. They will not believe that I already converted to Judaism. Like many of the approximately 25,000 Filipinos working in Israel, the Lopezes came for jobs as caregivers to the elderly, arriving in 2003. But with the conversion, they have taken a major step that most of their fellow expatriates have not: While many Filipinos come to Israel for a few years to make money in a developed economy, they tend to remain culturally separate from Israelis Many communicate with their employers in English, with a few Hebrew words mixed in. They largely retain their Catholic religion. Because Filipinos live with their clients for most of the week, they have a much smaller footprint on the everyday life of Tel Aviv than neighboring African asylum seekers, who face racism and cultural resentment. (Relations between Israel and the Philippines are also improving. Rodrigo Duterte, the controversial Filipino president, is slated to visit later this year.) But the Lopezes have sought out connections with Israelis. They have lived here for 15 years. This is the only country their two sons, aged 9 and 13, have known. Israels government gave them a license to run their restaurant. And Bernadette says Israelis have been supportive of their integration. I like the way the Israelis teach us how to be independent because we dont have any family here, she said. Its better for us to tell everything to Israelis because theyre everyone who can teach, who can tell us what is good, what is not good. Ronaldo dismisses the idea of a return to his home country. What will I do in the Philippines? he asks. Speaking of the conversion, Ronaldo says the couple did it not for themselves but for their children What can I do? They are already comfortable here, he said. They dont want to go to the Philippines. Bernadette began selling Filipino food in a nearby park, and their restaurant license came through 11 years ago. Now they spend their days in the kitchen cooking specialties from home. The square room, with its rectangular tables lined up in rows, fills up on Sundays, which many Filipinos take off. The Lopezes chose the diverse, poor immigrant neighborhood of Neve Shaanan for the restaurant because many Filipinos live there. We only came here to work, not to make anything else, Ronaldo said. To stay here longer, you have to be a good person herenot like youre the owner of the country. But while the couple are soft-spoken and polite friendly and accommodating, for example, as an American journalist peppers them with questions in their hot, small kitchenthey grin and radiate joy as they discuss their conversion. Bernadette finds Passover and Yom Kippur particularly meaningful. Earlier this year, their son became a bar mitzvah, and they hope to obtain Israeli citizenship. Yom Kippur, this is the day we really like because you should think what you did bad, what you didnt do good to others, said Bernadette, who has adopted the Hebrew name Shir-El (Gods song). She doesnt even mind the daylong fast that accompanies the repentance. Since its in your heart, in your mind that you have to do this, its your mitzvah, she said. Its really good. You will not die in one day. But Ronaldo has struggled with Judaisms theological aspects. After an education in Catholic schools and a lifetime of worshipping Jesus, it was not easy to switch to rejecting the New Testament and believing that everything he had learned was wrong. The hardest part is how to take away what I used to do, said Ronaldo, who took the name Aharon. In the past, he said, I go to the church every Sunday, I pray to that. When I converted Jewish, they tell me thats not true... Now I understand what is the truth or not the truth. Im in the middle, but I believe what Judaism tells us is true. Im sure right now because I already studied for a year-and-a-half. Bernadette, for her part, is more concerned about what will happen if their boys serve in the Israeli army for three years in the countrys mandatory draft. When I think about it, and my friends told me their son is there, I start to cry, she said. I was not able to verify some details of the Lopezes story. The Israeli Chief Rabbinate, which conducts all recognized, Orthodox conversions in the country, does not provide records of its conversions by nationality. And because study can be done with a private rabbi before the official oral exam, Chief Rabbinate spokesman Kobi Alter could not confirm the name of the teacher that the Lopezes mentioned. I likewise could not independently reach people who had that name. Every conversion is evaluated for itself based on the couple that wants to convert, Alter told JTA. The Lopezes said that eventually they will tell their Filipino friends about their new religion. But they are worried about what it will do to those relationships, as their friends may not understand the choice. Filipinos are Christians, OK? Ronaldo said. They will not accept us because before I was a Christian. Now we already converted to another religion. I dont want to debate about our religion. And in the meantime, theyre not changing the restaurant menu. (A majority of Tel Avivs restaurants are not certified kosher.) Maybe someday, he said. Right now Im thinking about it because my customers are all Filipino. Not everything is kosher. Filipino guest workers come to Israeland embrace Judaism Ben Sales Ronaldo and Bernadette Lopez, who arrived in Israel in 2003, now run a Filipino restaurant and converted to Judaism in April.

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PAGE 12A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 Carinne Sjoberg peeling off a sticker that neo-Nazis left on the door of what used to be the Jewish community center of Umea, Sweden. threats, from Muslim extrem ism to far-right violence, said Aron Verstandig, president of the Council of Swedish Jewish Communitiesan umbrella group with ap proximately 6,000 members out of Swedens estimated 20,000 Jews. None of these challenges are unique to Swedish Jewry: Several Jewish communities in Eastern Europe suffer neoNazi intimidation, and many Jews in the continents west have experienced violence at the hands of radical Muslims. Nor are the problems con nected to living as a religious minority in an ultra-secular society like Swedens endemic to this country; they occur across Scandinavia and be yond. But Sweden is perhaps the only European country where Jews are reporting a critical convergence of these issues. For example, farright violence is not a real concern for Jews in France, where more than a dozen of them have died since 2012 in anti-Semitic attacks by Muslims. Conversely, Muslim extremism is not a real issue to the Jews in Ukraine, where far-right nationalists have recently assaulted several congregants. Which is why to some Jewish community leaders in Europe, Swedish Jewry is something of a test case for the rest of the continent. The challenges that the Jewish community in Sweden face today are sadly indicative of far wider phenomena tak ing place across Europe, said Moshe Kantor, president of the European Jewish Congress. In the southern province of Skane, a 15-year-old Jew ish student attending a high school near Malmo suffers violent harassment at school both from ethnic Swedes and Muslim immigrants, his father said. The leader of one gang is an Afghan boy, the father, an Israeli who moved to Sweden eight years ago for work, told JTA on condition of anonym ity. One beating happened last year after his son refused to play in a soccer match with one team called the Jews and another the Palestinians. Another beating involved an ethnic Swede who picked on the Jewish boy, the father said. His son boy goes to school reluctantly. He doesnt want to live here. He wants to move back to Israel as as soon as he turns 18, join the army and fight the Arabs. Hes become very right wing, the father said. Stefan Dozzi, the secretarygeneral of the Sweden-Israel Friendship Association, also has firsthand experience of the dual threat facing Swed ish Jewry. During the Almedalem political activism conference last week on the island of Gotland, south of Stockholm, he and another activist for the organization were physically assaulted by neo-Nazis who attempted to place their ban ner on the associations flag in the groups pavilion. It was the first time the pro-Israel group set up a pavilion during the Almedalen conference. The incident was widely reported in Swedish media. However, Dozzi said, no one wrote about the intimidation by Muslims at Almedalen. At least two men he described as Muslims told him they would burn the Israeli flag on display at the associations pavilion. Dozzi said the flag was stolen during a break later that day. We have two kinds of enemies, said Dozzi, who described himself as having Jewish roots. I think things will only get worse here, with the Muslims and the neoNazis. We will have to flee this country eventually. Dozzi, who works for the association full time, said he feels safer in Israel. Back in Umea, Sjoberg said she has faced various forms of anti-Semitism, ranging from the neo-Nazi harassment to Arabs who spat at me on the street for wearing a Star of David pendant. Such incidents involving Muslims are on the mild end of the spectrum. Last month, three Arab men were convicted of hurling firebombs at the synagogue of Gothenburg in southern Sweden in December after President Donald Trump an nounced the U.S. Embassy in Israel would be moved to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv. It was one of several attacks on Jewish places in worship in southern Sweden in re cent years, and especially in Malmo, where a third of this citys population of 350,000 is Muslim and about 1,000 residents are Jewish. Jihadism and neo-Nazi anti-Semitism feed off one another in Sweden, Sjoberg said. The arrival of hundreds of thousands of Muslims to Sweden starting in the 1970s generated less tolerance to people who are perceived as foreign, emboldening the far right. I dont think they would have dared to go after us like this 15 years ago, Sjoberg said. The boldness of neo-Nazis in Sweden seems unusual for Western Europe, where law enforcement agencies in many countries with bitter memories of Nazism have a relatively low tolerance for far-right shenanigans. In 2015 and 2017, skinheads twice disrupted lectures in Swedish schools by Holocaust survivors. And in Gothenburg last year, hundreds of neoNazis marched on Yom Kip pur to celebrate their hateful ideology. The original itiner ary had them passing by the synagogue, but city authori ties made them avoid it. Part of the problem, Sjoberg said, is that Sweden was never de-Nazified after World War IIit was officially neutral but in practice collaborated with Nazi Germany. There was massive sup port for the Nazis, but none of the reckoning against col laborators that happened in occupied countries after lib eration, she said, referencing the dismissal of collaborators from positions of influence and prosecutions in France, Italy, the Netherlands and beyond. In Umea, authorities lack the determination to stand up for the Jewish community, Sjoberg said. Talks with the city on moving the Jewish center to a secure location ended abruptly last year, she said, when authorities put the intended space up for rent and backed out of an agreement to turn it into a JCC. They were giving us the run-around, not keeping to agreements and leaving us twisting in the wind when we were being targeted by neo-Nazis keeping track of our comings and goings. I had to pull the plug, Sjoberg said. Umeas deputy mayor, Mar gareta Rnngren, disputed her account of negotiations. The members decided to close down the commu nity, the municipality cannot take responsibility for that, Rnngren told JTA. Accom modation was an urgent issue, the municipality tried to help the community, but could not at this time find a safe solution that met the communitys requirements. The city in fact offered the Jewish community center other accommodation, safety premises were checked by our security department, but the community didnt approve, she said. The closure of the Umea Jewish community center is very sad and very serious when the causes are threats and harassment. In addition to violent ha rassment, Swedish Jews also need to deal with strict secularism on the part of authorities that sometimes encroaches on their customs. Ritual slaughter of animals is illegal in Sweden, and al though ritual circumcision of boys under 18 is allowed, ban ning the practice is a constant subject for debate. A Jewish couple in Gothenburg, a Chabad rabbi and his wife, are facing hundreds of thousands of dollars in fines for insist ing on homeschooling their children. And in March, two Cabinet ministers called for shuttering all faith schools. Yet even against this back drop, Jewish life has prevailed, at least in Stockholm, accord ing to Petra Kahn Nord, the communitys spokeswoman. The capital, she said, has three synagogues, a JCC with a ko sher shop and a newly opened Jewish library Stockholm also has a Jew ish kindergarten and a Jewish school with a long waiting list, Kahn Nord said, adding that the community in the city is growing with a lively participation of young congre gants and at least one Limmud Jewish learning conference annually. But this success feeds of other communities, like Malmo, where there are so few Jews left that the Jewish kindergarten there now has mostly non-Jewish children, Kahn Nord acknowledged. She said some Jews from her hometown of Malmo, Gothenburg and beyond leave for Stockholm because of harassment. But many do so for positive reasonsbecause they want to have a more Jewish life, Kahn Nord said. So while Stockholms Jewish commu nity is growing, in the rest of Sweden its just dying away. Caught between jihadists and neo-Nazis, Swedish Jews fear for their future By Cnaan Liphshiz MALMO, Sweden (JTA) When Carinne Sjoberg dis solved the Jewish Community of Umea in northern Sweden, she knew it would send shock waves far beyond the small congregation that she had spent decades building. The move in May owed to intimidation by neo-Nazis, making it the first time in decades that a Jewish orga nization in Western Europe acknowledged that it felt compelled to close shop over safety concerns. Neo-Nazis from the Nor dic Resistance Movement, beginning in 2016, pasted stickers with fascist imagery on Umeas Jewish community center, making the place look like after Kristallnacht, Sjoberg said. The closure fol lowed surveillance activity on the center by the neo-Nazis, who published details about individual visitors. I didnt take it lightly, Sjoberg, a 56-year-old Jew ish mother of two, told JTA about the decision to close. I hate giving neo-Nazis this victory. But I cant bear the responsibility for peoples lives, not under such threats, she said of her citys Jewish community of 70 people. The closure caused a na tional uproar. Amid intense media coverage in Sweden of the affair, Prime Minister Stefan Lfven mentioned it in a speech denouncing anti-democracy forces in his country. But the indignation did little to change the fact that in Sweden, Muslim extrem ism and the far right are part of a broader set of challenges to Jewish communal life. So while the Jewish community of Stockholm may be growing, the problems are nonetheless causing some Swedish Jews to fear for their future as a minority here. We have a vibrant com munity in Stockholm but even here we face multiple MEDICAL ALERTHave you experiencedHeart andLung Damagefrom IVC Filters used to prevent blood from traveling to your heart or lungs?You may be entitled to Compensation.Call Now IVC Fone321-274-1849Legal help is available NOW!COMPLICATIONS MAY INCLUDE HEART AND LUNG DAMAGE,INTERNAL BLEEDING, HOSPITALIZATION OR DEATH.

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 PAGE 13A Weekly roundup of world briefs from JTA Jewish professor de scribes being beaten by a Palestinian and Ger man police (JTA)A Jewish professor visiting Germany described being assaulted in a Bonn parkfirst by a Palestinian who said I f*** Jews, then by police who slammed him to the ground and punched him in the face. Yitzhak Melamed, who teaches philosophy at Johns Hopkins University in Balti more, in a lengthy Facebook post published Friday ac cused the police of brutality, then of whitewashing their conduct and falsely blam ing him for provoking the assault. Police subsequently apprehended the assailant. The incident on Wednesday is the latest in a string of antiSemitic assaults in Germany. According to Melamed, he was wearing a kippah when a self-identified Palestinian man asked if he was Jewish and then proceeded to follow him, shouting things like I f*** Jews. I f*** Jews and No Jews in Germany. He then threw Melameds kippah to the ground three times and pushed him three times. In response, Melamed said he tried to kick the man in the groin twice but missed both times. The attacker fled after hearing a police siren. Melamed wrote that two police officers ran past the attacker and tackled him in stead, then two or three other policemen helped pin him to the ground and handcuffed him. He said police punched him in the face several dozen times, bloodying him and breaking his glasses. I didnt have much time to wonder, as almost imme diately four or five policemen with heavy guard jumped over me (two from the front, and two or three from the back), Melamed wrote. They pushed my head into the ground, and then while I was totally incapacitated and barely able to breath[e] not to mention move a finger, they started punching my face. After a few dozen punches, I started shouting in English that I was the wrong person. A police officer then sug gested that Melamed pro voked the beating, Melamed wrote. He responded by de scribing his ancestors deaths in the Holocaust. Then the same policemen shouted at me in a didactic tone (in English): Dont get in trouble with the German Police! Melamed wrote. This was more than enough. I told the policeman sardoni cally, I am no longer afraid of the German police. The German police murdered my grandfather. They mur dered my grandmother. They murdered my uncle, and they murdered my aunt. All in one day in September 1942. So, alas, I am not afraid of them anymore. After being taken to the po lice station, Melamed wrote that police did not tend to his wounds and repeatedly tried to dissuade him from filing a complaint against them including by suggesting that he attacked the police first, and by threatening to ac cuse him of resisting arrest. Eventually he was taken to another office, where he filed a complaint. The next morning, Melamed wrote, Bonns po lice chief came to his hotel to apologize. But Melamed said the police departments statement on the incident, published later that day, false ly blamed him for resisting them According to a police statement on PressePortal, a German press release plat form, police said Melamed failed to comply with several requests from the officials to stop and fought against the measures of the police. Try (if you can) resisting arrest either when you are not in any bodily contact with the police, or, alternatively, when 5 policemen are on your back and you are barely able to breath[e], he wrote. Herbert Reul, a local Ger man government minister, also apologized to Melamed, and said, We will not allow Jews to be persecuted once again in Germany, according to Deutsche Welle. US Embassy in Jeru salem to cost $21.5 million for upgrades. Trump had estimated $250,000. (JTA)The new U.S. Em bassy in Jerusalem is going to cost a bit more than President Donald Trump had estimated. Make that nearly 100 times more. The Maryland-based firm Desbuild Limak D&K was awarded a $21.2 million contract to design and build compound security up grades to the embassy, ac cording to official documents uploaded this week, Al-Mon itor reported. The U.S. has already spent $335,402 to refurbish the embassy, formerly a consulate, ahead of its May opening. Were going to have it built very quickly and inexpensive ly, Trump told reporters in March following his decision months earlier to recognize Jerusalem as Israels capital and relocate the U.S. Embas sy there. They put an order in front of my desk last week for $1 billion... Were actually doing it for about $250,000, so check that out. Trump repeated this and similar claims numerous times, eventually raising the price to $400,000 dur ing a news conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel. As the president stated, the cost of initial modifica tions made to permit the em bassy to open on May 14 was approximately $400,000, a State Department official told Al-Monitor. Following the May 14 opening, we have moved on to planning for and construction of a new exten sion and security enhance ments at the interim site. The $21.5 million total is actually a lot for that considering that they have plans apparently to purchase a new facility, an aide in the House of Representatives told Al-Monitor. The Trump administration has not announced when it plans to begin construction on a permanent embassy. Syria blames Israel for airstrike on military post that killed 9 JERUSALEM (JTA)Nine Syrian soldiers reportedly were killed in an airstrike on a military outpost in Aleppo in an attack being blamed on Israel. The airstrike on Sunday night killed six Syrian nation als and three others fighting for Syria whose nationality has not been identified, ac cording to the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Hu man Rights. The official Syrian news agency SANA cited an un named military source as saying that Israel was re sponsible for the attack, and said it caused only material damage. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Israel was targeting an Iranian Revolu tionary Guard center in the attack. The center provides equipment and food to proAssad forces fighting in the area, and did not serve as storage for weapons, accord ing to the observatory Israel has neither con firmed nor denied the air strike, as is its usual practice. Israel has expressed con cern about Iranian fighters supporting the Syrian mili tary on the northern border in Syrias more than 7-yearold civil war. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is believed to have spoken about the issue during his meet ing last week with Vladimir Putin, since the Russian president has sway over Iran. On Friday, Israel fired a Patriot missile at a Syrian drone, the second time such an incident occurred during the week. Israel acknowledged air strikes on Wednesday night that hit three military posts in the Quneitra countryside of Syria in response to a Syrian drone that Israel shot down over the Sea of Galilee. The retaliatory attack Wednesday evening came hours after an Americanmade Patriot missile based in the northern Israeli city of Safed intercepted the unmanned aerial vehicle in Israeli airspace. Jared Kushner still lacks highest security clearance level at White House (JTA)Jared Kush ner, President Donald Trumps son-in-law and a top White House adviser, lacks the highest level of security clearance. Kushner received a per manent top secret security clearance in late May, which does not allow him to review some of the governments most sensitive secrets, The Washington Post reported Friday, citing two people familiar with his access. Kushner may not review sensitive compartmented information, known as SCI, which primarily involves U.S. intelligence sources and surveillance methods, according to the newspaper. Thus, Kushner has been prevented from seeing some parts of the presidents Daily Brief, a highly classi fied summary of world events that sometimes describes intelligence programs and operatives, the Post reported. Kushner attorney Abbe Lowell would not confirm Kushners clearance level to the newspaper. He said the White House handled Kushners security clearance according to the standard process and that Kushner has sufficient access to do his job. After a review done in the normal course by career officials, Mr. Kushner was given his permanent White House clearances in May, and has access to all the materials and information he needs to do the domestic and international work the president has asked him to do, Lowell said. In February, Kushners clearance was downgrad ed from top secret to secret following a temporary clear ance. The reason for the downgrade was not clear, but reports at the time noted that his family real estate business was in debt and his wide spread global investments would make a businessman like him vulnerable to foreign influence. Kushner, who is an Or thodox Jew and is married to Trumps daughter Ivanka, ad vises the president on issues including the Middle East. Middle East peace negotia tors have traditionally had top secret clearance, considered critical in understanding the myriad pressures facing the parties as they consider talks. California Democrats rebuke Dianne Feinstein and endorse her oppo nent (JTA)State Democratic leaders in California of ficially endorsed longtime Sen. Dianne Feinsteins pro gressive opponentand the vote backing Kevin de Leon wasnt close. Feinstein, a moderate Jew ish lawmaker who has been a senator since 1992, beat de Leon in the Democratic primary by 33 percentage points last month. But the 51-year-old assemblyman finished second and advanced to a runoff with Feinstein, 85, in the general election in November. On Saturday night, 65 per cent of the state Democratic Partys 333 executive board members opted to endorse de Leon in the general elec tion and only 7 percent chose Feinstein. Another 28 percent voted for no endorsement, according to the Los Angeles Times. In February, before the pri mary, the board had voted 54 percent to endorse de Leon to 37 percent for Feinstein. Neither won the endorse ment, however, because they fell short of the 60 percent requirement. Feinstein has a comfort able lead heading into No vember, but the vote indicates that California Democrats are abandoning her platforms and shifting to the left. In 2016, an Israel activ ist group lauded de Leon as president pro tempore of the state Assembly in helping to pass a bill that assured California would not contract with groups that boycotted Israel. On Sunday, California Democrats adopted a reso lution at their annual con vention to oppose federal bills intended to thwart the movement to boycott Israel. Feinstein and Barbara Boxer were the first Jewish female U.S. senators, having been elected the same year. A robocall sent around in May called Feinstein a traitorous Jew and urged Californians to vote for Patrick Little, an avowed anti-Semite. Argentina freezes assets of suspected Hezbollah fundraising network BUENOS AIRES, Argen tina (JTA)In a first, Argen tina has frozen the assets of a suspected Hezbollah fund raising network in the area known as the Triple Frontier with Brazil and Paraguay. The Financial Information Unit of Argentina investigat ed possible criminal actions by Lebanese citizens living in the country that could be in volved in money laundering and financing terrorist acts. Hezbollah has been linked to the 1992 attack on the Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires, which killed 29, and the 1994 attack on the AMIA Jewish center in Buenos Aires that killed 85. The investigation into the Barakat Group, also known as the Barakat Clana criminal organization linked to Hez bollah led by Assad Ahmad Barakatresulted in an administrative order freezing the assets and money of its members under the national criminal code related to financing terrorism. This is the first time that one of the three governments has frozen assets and funds from a Hezbollah-linked organization based in the Triple Frontier. The Financial Information Unit identified at least 14 people linked to the Barakat Clan who registered mul tiple crossings to Argentina, mainly through the Tancredo Neves International Bridge in the Misiones province. Once in Argentina, the clan mem bers would cash in charges at a casino in Iguaz exceeding $10 million without declar ing either the income nor the discharge of funds when crossing the border. In relation to this illegal act, it is suspected that it would raise funds for the Lebanese Hezbollah orga nization, the government agency wrote. The accounts were frozen on Wednesday, according to the statement. According to a Financial Information Unit statement issued Friday, the Barakat Clan is involved in smug gling, falsifying of money and documents, extortion, drug trafficking, arms traffick ing, money laundering and terrorist financing. The Triple Frontier often is mentioned as a place linked to Hezbollah and the Barakat group, and has been investigated over the past two decades as a source of money for Hezbollah and other groups activities related to terrorism. Barakat, along with others who operate in the tri-border area, has been designated a terrorist by the Office of For eign Assets Control, or OFAC, of the Treasury Department of the United States, which means that his assets are frozen there as well and that he is unable to operate financially in the U.S. Argentina is home to a large Lebanese expatriate community and U.S. authori ties suspect groups in that community of raising funds through organized crime to support the Iranian-backed terror organization. In 2006, the U.S. Treasury targeted the same fundraising net work. Earlier this year, the U.S. and Argentina agreed to work together to cut off Hezbollah funding networks and money laundering financing terror ism across Latin America. Marriage From page 6A and pans, nor could I tell you the difference between the two brands. What I do care about is sharing joyous meals around the kitchen table with my future husband and, God willing, our children someday. And then theres the dcor. I was asked to post some of my dream wedding pics on Pinterest, which for me first meant signing up for Pinter est. Then I was supposed to envision the look of the wed dingthe colors, the flowers, down to the napkin rings. When I picture the wed ding, I dont see napkins. What I do see is my fianc standing under the huppah waiting for me with our loved ones surrounding us. And the only rings I care about are the ones well exchange to signify that I am his beloved and he is mine. Theres an episode of Sex and the City in which Char lotte is married for the second time after an unhappy first marriage. During the second (Jewish) wedding, the bride trips under the huppah, Mi randas toast to the bride and groom goes up in smoke, and Charlotte spills wine on her gown. When the bride cries to Carrie about all the calami ties, Carrie consoles her by reminding her that her first wedding was picture-perfect, but the marriagenot so much. I say the worse the wed ding, the better the marriage, Carrie tells her friend. [Y]ou have a wonderful man who loves you. Maybe its because Im a little older than the average brideor maybe its some of my past experiences that have led me to this place and helped me put the wedding day in perspective. Whatever it is, I wont sweat the details; Im not going to fret over bouton nires, table numbers or the bustle on my dress staying bustled. Instead, Im going to stay focused on what Ive wanted for a very long time: a wonderful man who loves me to build a home with. But maybe, just the same, well skip the garden pictures. Cindy Sher is the executive editor of Chicagos JUF News, where a version of this article first appeared, and assistant vice president of marketing & communications for the Jewish United Fund/Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Chicago.

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PAGE 14A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 S 1 H 2 V 3 A 4 C 5 A 6 L 7 I 8 R 9 O 10 T 11 X 12 H13A I M O14F A N A15D A P T16X17B R O T18H E R S F19E L L A D20I G H21E A T22B23T P24A L E25M O E26N S N27A R E I28G O R29A S H30I T31U T O R Y32U N O33S I34 D35E O G36O E S X37C38O M M A39N D M E40N T S S41T A T P42S I S43S A A44H S D45E S K S46 S47W A48M49P50N51T H O52N E S I Z53E N54O R D55E M E56D S D57A N T58R E O59V E N60S S61O62L V E F63O R X R64E R U N O65N E A E66N I D T67E N T R68E S T D69Y E S William B. Plowman/NBC/NBC NewsWire via Getty Images Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez appears on Meet the Press, July 1, 2018. March leaders Tamika Mallory and Linda Sarsour. Mallory, in a non-apology steeped in intersectional progressive ter minology, has since defended her own relationship with Far rakhan following his recent anti-Semitic rants Sarsour, who argued that Zionism and feminism are incompatible, is a prominent supporter of BDS. Theres a lot of evidence that defining liberalism through an intersectional lens has had the effect of casting Israel as an oppressor and thus a nation worthy of con demnation even as its actual policies on issues associated with intersectionality are infinitely better than those of its neighbors, KC Johnson, a history professor at Brooklyn College, former Fulbright in structor at Tel Aviv University and regular Washington Post contributor, told JTA in an email interview. The Republican Jewish Coalition is expected to make the rise of the Democratic left a target of its activism. It already has run ads in a Phil adelphia-area congressional district where the Democratic candidate, Scott Wallace, faced heat after a charity he runs was shown to have given to anti-Israel groups. (He said he wasnt aware and is pro-Israel.) RJC spokesman Neil Strauss told ABC News that anti-Israel rhetoric has become mainstream in the Democratic Party. (JTA efforts to reach the Republican group for comment were unsuc cessful.) Theyve jumped right now from some cautionary-type language to outright hostile language on Israel, Strauss told ABC. These people are becoming the standardbearers in the Democratic Party and its unfortunate. Halie Soifer, the executive director of the Jewish Demo cratic Council of America, said there is no contradiction between Zionism and Demo cratic politics, maintaining that the Democratic Party continues to best represent Jewish interests. Given President Trumps alignment with neo-Nazis and in his politicization of Israel as a partisan issuenot to mention his radically rightwing domestic agendawe are confident that the over whelming majority of the Jew ish electorate will contin ue to support Democrats in the upcoming election, Soifer told JTA. JDCA is support ing Democratic candidates who share our policy platform and values, and we have, in some instances, spoken out against candidates who are not aligned with our views. JDCA is proudly serving as the voice of pro-Israel and socially pro gressive Democrats, and we will do everything in our power to ensure that the Jew ish communitys values are represented in the midterm elections. Every election, Republi cans attempt to use Israel as a partisan wedge issue, and every year they fail to get a majority of the Jewish vote. This year will be no different. The more Jewish voters who go to the polls in November, the better the result will be for Democrats. A wave of progressives shows Israel criticism isnt taboo anymorewhats a Jewish Democrat to do? Astrid Stawiarz/Getty Images for Tribeca Film Festival Ilhan Omar at the premiere of Time For Ilhan, a film about her run for a congressional seat in Minnesota, dur ing the 2018 Tribeca Film Festival in New York City, April 21, 2018. By Charles Dunst NEW YORK (JTA)After Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez shocked the political world by defeating longtime New York Rep. Joseph Crowley in a Democratic primary last month, Democratic National Committee Chairman Tom Perez quickly aligned himself with the former political out sider, saying on a radio show that she represents the future of our party. If so, that future appears to include the kind of sharp criti cism of Israel once considered taboo in both major parties. Ocasio-Cortez ran on a platform of Medicare for all, fully funded public schools and a universal jobs guaran tee. But she has also been critical of Israel, calling its militarys killing of Pales tinian protesters in May a massacre. The Democratic Socialists of America, of which OcasioCortez is a member, supports the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement against Israel. Ocasio-Cortez has remained silent on the issue. In Minnesota, Democratic congressional candidate Il han Omar calls herself an intersectional feminist and Israel an apartheid regime. In Virginias 5th Congres sional District, Democratic nominee Leslie Cockburn is the co-author, along with her husband, of Dangerous Liaison: The Inside Story of the U.S.-Israeli Covert Re lationship, a scathing 1991 attack on the Jewish state. It seems to me that some criticism of Israel is part of a package among young pro gressives along with health care for all and jobs for all, Democratic strategist Brad Bannon told Newsweek. That puts Democrats who are both liberal and pro-Israel in a bind. Whether the result of intersectionality, which links Israels treatment of the Palestinians to other left-wing causes, or a willingness to call out its right-wing govern ment, progressive criticism of Israel may make for some hard choices come Election Day. According to a Pew Re search Center survey, the per centage of Democrats saying they sympathize more with Israel than the Palestinians has declined from 38 percent in 2001 to 27 percent in 2018, the lowest level of support on record. Support for Israel further decreased among selfidentified liberal Democrats from 48 percent in 2001 to 19 percent in 2018. In the same time period, their support for Palestinians rose from 18 percent to 35 percent. Although the Pew sur vey received notable criticism, the general trends it notes have been shown elsewhere. Some credit Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., with normal izing such criticism of Israel. While the 2016 Democratic presidential candidate de fined himself as 100 percent pro-Israel, he recently called on the U.S. to adopt a more balanced policy toward Israel and the Palestinians. In late March, Sanders office posted three videos to social media harshly criticizing Israel for what he deemed its excessive use of force in Gaza and the Trump administration for not intervening during the border clashes. Last year, Perez appointed as his DNC deputy Rep. Keith Ellison of Minnesota, who in addition to being dogged by ties to the anti-Semitic Nation of Islam leader Louis Farra khan implied that U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East is governed by considerations of what is good or bad for Is rael. (Ellison, who was the first Muslim elected to Congress, is running for attorney gen eral in Minnesota and is not seeking re-election. Omar is seeking his seat.) Left-wing activists have also drawn Democratic politi cians into Israel controversies. Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand of New York, a potential 2020 presi dential candidate who has recently tacked left, penned a glowing Time magazine writeup of controversial progres sive heroines and Womens Although anti-Israel at titudes certainly exist within progressive circles, some liberal Jews believe they are on the margins. I believe that support for Israel remains as strong among both Republicans and Democrats as ever, said Rabbi Jack Moline, the execu tive director of the Interfaith Alliance and the former head of the National Jewish Democratic Council. With some few exceptions on both sides of the aisle, the notion of a national homeland for the Jewish people is accepted and secure. However, just as people who were formerly on the margins of both parties are now considered part of a big tent, ideas that were once marginal in Israel are being entertained by mainstream leaders. For a liberal Zionist like me, objecting to bad policy in Israel is an indication of deeper concern, not lesser support, he said. Consider it a victory for the reactionary right that honest disagreement with the current administration has been successfully depicted as betrayal. Daniel Shapiro, the former U.S. ambassador to Israel under President Obama, said there is no contradiction between liberal values and Zionism, which he said is the expression of the wholly legitimate right of the Jewish people to sovereignty in their ancient homeland. If there are those in the Democratic Party or the progressive coalition who mis understand thatthere may be some, but we tend to exag gerate the phenomenonit is incumbent on people like me to educate them about Israels inherent legitimacy, he said. The larger divide, Shapiro said, relates to the Palestinian issue, not Israels existence. An Israel that is seen as still seeking to keep a realistic twostate solution alive, where its security needs are met and it is recognized as a Jewish stateand even though Pal estinian leaders have not yet met their obligations to make that outcome possiblewill not have trouble retaining the broad, bipartisan support it has historically enjoyed, he said. Rabbi Jill Jacobs, the ex ecutive director of Truah: The Rabbinic Call for Human Rights, said the Pew study was flawed, insofar as it suggested that support for either Israel or the Palestinians implies a lack of advocacy for the other. The question of whether one is pro-Israel or pro-Pal estinian is a false dichotomy. We need to stop asking ques tions, in polls and otherwise, that suggest that one must choose between the human rights of Israelis or Palestin ians, Jacobs said. The only defensible position is one that stands up for the human rights of both and insists that these are not in conflict. That means working to ward two states, and oppos ing the occupation and the growth of settlements that entrench it. This is the posi tion of the Israeli left who should be the natural partners for the Democratic Party in contrast to the Republican Party, which has allied itself with Likud, the Jewish Home party and the rest of the prosettlement, pro-occupation hard right. Yet others see the Demo crats continued embrace of progressive figures and Israel critics like Ocasio-Cortez, Omar, Ellison, Sarsour and Mallory as further divorcing their partyAmericas liberal partyfrom Israel, leaving liberal Zionistsa majority among American Jewsin political turmoil. Democratic base voters are Progressives on page 15A

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 PAGE 15A that far-flung Canadian re gion, but also it was shaped like a polar bear! We had another excit ing find at Bahai Honda Plates From page 7A Tobin From page 4A Israeli people), is likely to be lumped in with their other stands about immigration and border security. In a Denmark From page 5A for ghetto children, starting from babyhood (at the age of 1), for 25 hours per week. Parents who force their children to make extended visits to their ancestral countries, where much of the work of integra tion can be rapidly undone, Immigration From page 1A Coin From page 1A The Jews minted coins throughout the entire pe riod of the revolt, but in the fourth year of the five-year rebellion, we see that instead of the words Freedom for Zion, the coins were minted with the words For the Redemption of Zion, Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) archaeologist Eli Shukrun noted. He explained that the dif to the United States as chil dren, and who meet several Key in Southern Florida, when we spotted a license plate from Germany. The ownersa young couple from Munichhad shipped their old Volkswagen van over to United States. After time in the Keys, they were continuing their journey through Mexico and Central and South America. Now that we have Delaware, we only have eight more plates to go: non-contiguous Alaska and Hawaii; New Englands New Hampshire, Rhode Is land, and Vermont; Washing ton, D.C.; and West Virginia. Luckily for us, we have three more weeks in Colorado to find them. Wish us luck! Update: An hour before I was to send this out, Larry found New Hampshire and Chihuahua, Mexico! Wow! Only seven more to go! Marilyn Shapiro lives in Kissimmee. She writes regu larly for the Jewish World in Schenectady, and published her book There Goes My Heart, which is available on Amazon. You may also follow her on her blog, theregoesmy heart.me. could face prison sentences as a result. Families who do not send their children to school or who do not comply with the new rules stand to lose their welfare benefitsin Denmark, a generous package that covers all essentials of life. Some critics have lam basted the Danish proposal as an exercise in racial pro filing. One commentator even compared the policy of providing welfare payments to immigrantswhile en gaging them in integration efforts at the same timeto Australias repression of its Aboriginal population. But racist legislation by definition targets specified groups; in Denmarks case, all residents of these neighborhoods will be governed by the same rules, with the goal being social as similation instead of further marginalization. The chatter about mass Christianization or mass loss of citizenship or similar radical measures only ob scures the real debate here: whether these measures can be effective in introducing peaceability and a degree of prosperity to mainly Muslim immigrant communities. Many Europeans, not least in the continents Jewish communities, will be hoping that Denmarks government succeeds. Ben Cohen writes a weekly column for JNS on Jewish af fairs and Middle Eastern poli tics. His writings have been published in Commentary, the New York Post, Haaretz, The Wall Street Journal and many other publications. public square in which both sides dont think of each other as being so much wrong on the issues as evil, some young Democrats who are applauding their more radi cal champions are starting to buy the lie that backing Israel is one more sign of fascism or racism on the part of Republicans. Even when measured against Trump, I dont think the takeover of the Demo crats by people like Sand ers and Ocasio-Cortez is a formula for a general elec tion victory. Still, it would be foolish to think that the ability of such figures to be embraced by their party, as opposed to being consigned to the margins, wont come without a high cost to the no tion of a bipartisan pro-Israel consensus. Jonathan S. Tobin is editor in chief of JNSJewish News Syndicate. Follow him on Twitter: @jonathans_tobin. ference between freedom and redemption expresses the change that took place both in their mindset and in reality, at that time. Coins that were minted in the second and third years of the revolt are plentiful and easier to find, but coins from the fourth year are much rarer, he added. The coin was found in soil extracted from an un derground drainage canal at the City of David, which passed underneath Jerusa lems main street at the end of the Second Temple period. According to the writings of Josephus Flavius and based on archaeological evidence, the last remaining Jewish rebels hid from the Romans in this canal. Dropped from some ones hand 2,000 years ago It is possible that this coin was in the pocket of one of the residents of Jerusalem who hid from the Romans in the tunnels underneath the city streets, Shukrun said, or perhaps it rolled into the drainage canal, dropped from the hand of someone walking down the streets of Jerusalem over 2,000 years ago. The timing of the rare finding on Sunday was perfect. It occurred just as the Jewish nation began to commemorate the Three Weeks of Mourning on the fast of the 17th day of Tam muz on the Hebrew calendar, which corresponded with this past Sunday and is the date when Jerusalems walls were breached. The mourn ing period continues until the fast of the 9th of Av, the date that the First and Sec ond Temples were destroyed. The coins were discovered as part of the Archaeological Experience activity offered to the general public at the sifting project at Emek Zurim National Park. The activity invites participants of all ages to come and serve as ar chaeologists for the day. They sift through the artifact-rich soil from excavations held by the IAA at the City of David and throughout ancient Je rusalem and reveal Israels multi-faceted ties to the city. Incidentally, despite vig orous attempts by histori ans, there has yet to be un covered any evidence of any Palestinian era in the city. key criteria to be considered for temporary relief from deportation or from being placed in removal proceed ings. However, DACA does not provide lawful status. Once granted, DACA is valid for two years and may be re newed. Individuals granted deferred action will also be eligible to request employ ment authorization. DACA applicants go through ex tensive background checks, and it is granted on a caseby-case basis. USCIS began accepting applications for the program on Aug. 15, 2012 (www.usimmigration. org) Other topics discussed included: How would these families and individuals have been impacted if they had not built a new life in America? What would America look like without them? We are all im migrants, and it is our duty to love one another and protect one another, stated Anallely. Progressives From page 14A more hostile to Israel than at any point in decades, which will produce a less supportive House Democratic caucus next year, Johnson told JTA. As the 2020 presidential primaries take shape, its easy to imagine more ideologically flexible contenders (such as Kirsten Gillibrand or Kamala Harris [the California sena tor]) sharply criticizing Israel to boost their standing with progressive activists. Liberal Zionists, Johnson warns, will need to more ef fectively communicate how Israels policies on womens issues, LGBT rights and civil rights are consistent with a Democratic Party increas ingly oriented around identity politics. A Wider Bridge, a pro-Israel LGBT group, insists that it is doing just that: making the progressive case for Israel. Israel has long received broad support from both Democrats and Republicans. I believe that is still true today, said Ronit Bezalel, the groups communications director. Much of our work at A Wider Bridge is to make the case for Israel among progressive allies. We do not believe that support of Israel excludes the concerns raised on behalf of the Palestinian people. to the highest and best bidder, for cash, online at www.volusia. realforeclose.com, on AUGUST 16, 2018 at 11:00 A.M. Any persons claiming an interest in the surplus from the sale, if any, other than the property owner as of the date of within 60 days after the sale. Jennifer M. Scott (813) 229-0900 Kass Shuler, P.A. 1505 N. Florida Ave. Tampa, FL 33602-2613 ForeclosureService@kasslaw. com July 13, 20, 2018 L 168957 NOTICE OF DEFAULT AND INTENT TO FORECLOSE Gasdick Stanton Early, P.A. has been appointed as Trustee by WYNDHAM VACATION RESORTS, INC., F/K/A FAIRFIELD RESORTS, INC., F/K/A FAIRFIELD COMMUNITIES, INC., A DELAWARE CORPORATION for the purposes of instituting a Trustee Foreclosure and Sale under Fla. Stat. .856. The following owners are hereby of the note and mortgage for the following properties located in Volusia County, Florida: Contract Number: 331411124 DANIEL JONES and PATRICIA A JONES, 1823 OAK ST APT 1110, NORTH AURORA, IL 60542-1915; Principal Balance: $20,579.80; Interest: $3,084.77; Late Charges: $45.00; TOTAL: $23,709.57 through 1/16/2018 (per diem: $9.58/day thereafter). A 189,000/255,927,000 undivided tenant-in-common fee simple interest in Units 820-828, 830, 832, 920-933 (Property) of FAIRFIELD DAYTONA BEACH AT OCEAN WALK II, A CONDOMINIUM, together with all appurtenances thereto, (Condominium), Declaration of Condominium Ocean Walk II (Declaration) Book 5279, Page 541, et. seq., Public Records of Volusia County, Florida and all amendments thereof and supplements thereto, if any. The property described above is a(n) Annual ownership interest as described in the Declaration and such ownership interest has been allocated 189,000 Declaration) for use by the Grantee in Each year(s). Contract Number: 331604439 MILSON GONZALEZ and ELVIA GONZALEZ, 4067 ANVIL CT, NORCROSS, GA 30093-3093; Principal Balance: $15,946.28; Interest: $1,489.47; Late Charges: $25.00; TOTAL: $17,460.75 through 1/16/2018 (per diem: $6.33/day thereafter). A 128,000/255,927,000 undivided tenant-in-common fee simple interest in Units 820-828, 830, 832, 920-933 (Property) of FAIRFIELD DAYTONA BEACH AT OCEAN WALK II, A CONDOMINIUM, together with all appurtenances thereto, (Condominium), Declaration of Condominium Ocean Walk II (Declaration) Book 5279, Page 541, et. seq., Public Records of Volusia County, Florida and all amendments thereof and supplements thereto, if any. The property described above is a(n) Annual ownership interest as described in the Declaration and such ownership interest has been allocated 128,000 Declaration) for use by the Grantee in Each year(s). The owners must pay the TOTAL listed above plus the per diem and a $250.00 fee for trustee foreclosure sale plus costs as they accrue, if any. Failure to cure the default set forth herein or take other appropriate action regarding this matter will result in the loss of ownership of the timeshare through the trustee foreclosure procedure set forth in F.S.721.856. You have the right to submit an objection form, exercising your right to object to the use of the trustee foreclosure procedure. If the shall be subject to the judicial foreclosure procedure only. The default may be cured any time before the trustees sale of your timeshare interest. If you do not object to the trustee foreclosure procedure, you will judgment even if the proceeds from the sale of your timeshare the amounts secured by the lien. Pursuant to the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, it is required that we state the following to you: THIS IS AN ATTEMPT TO COLLECT A DEBT AND ANY INFORMATION OBTAINED WILL BE USED FOR THAT PURPOSE. By: Gasdick Stanton Early, P.A., Trustee, 1601 W. Colonial Dr., Orlando, FL, 32804 DOW II NJ NOA 0718 July 13, 20, 2018 L 168865 NOTICE OF DEFAULT AND INTENT TO FORECLOSE Gasdick Stanton Early, P.A. has been appointed as Trustee by DOLPHIN BEACH CLUB ASSOCIATION, INC. for the purposes of instituting a Trustee Foreclosure and Sale under Fla. Stat. .855. The following owners are hereby of assessments (as well as property taxes, interest, late fees and/or costs, if applicable) due for the following properties located in VOLUSIA County, Florida: Contract Number: 13-311D MICHAEL L. BRYANT and CYNTHIA BRYANT, 1018 CESSNA DR APT D, MACEDONIA, OH 440561108; Assessments Balance: $1,261.78; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book: 7542 at Page 681 of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 13, in Condominium Parcel(s) 311B. Contract Number: 16-206D MARJORIE BYRON AKA MARJORIE C. BYRON, 755 S DEXTER AVE, DELAND, FL 32720-6617; Assessments Balance: $1,207.02; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book: 7542 at Page 681of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 16, in Condominium Parcel(s) 206D. Contract Number: 46-201D LEYDA L. CABALLERO, 3 JAMES RIVER RD, PALMYRA, VA 22963-2060; Assessments Balance: $1,272.23; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book: 7542 at Page 681of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 46, in Condominium Parcel(s) 201B. Contract Number: 36-110-D ROBERT M. CAESAR, 3401 S INDIANA AVE, SAINT CLOUD, FL 34769-5605; Assessments Balance: $1,261.78; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book: 7542 at Page 681of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 36, in Condominium Parcel(s) 110B. Contract Number: 35-307D FRANK J. COSENTINO, 1833 MISTY MORN PL, LONGWOOD, FL 327793015; Assessments Balance: $1,272.23; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book: 7542 at Page 681of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 35 F, in Condominium Parcel(s) 307. Contract Number: 44-21D CHARLES H. DAVIS and DONNA R. DAVIS, 23 WAYNE RD, BRIDGETON, NJ 08302; Assessments Balance: $1,261.78; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book: 7542 at Page 681of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 44, in Condominium Parcel(s) 21A. Contract Number: 35-21D JIMMY A. ENGLISH AKA JIMMY ENGLISH, 4720 NE 4TH PL #2843, GAINESVILLE, FL 32641-6026; Assessments Balance: $1,207.02; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book: 7542 at Page 681of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 35, in Condominium Parcel(s) 21. Contract Number: 50-312-D LESTER H. FOREMAN, JR., PO BOX 291203, PORT ORANGE, FL 32129-1203; Assessments Balance: $845.11; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book: 7542 at Page 681of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 50, in Condominium Parcel(s) 312. Contract Number: 51-31-D MABEL L HUNTER, 4030 HUNTINGREEN LANE, APT D, WINSTON SALEM, NC 271064394; Assessments Balance: $1,272.23; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book: 7542 at Page 681of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 51, in Condominium Parcel(s) 31A. Contract Number: 12-10D WILLIE C. JAMES and CAROLYN JAMES AKA CAROLYN T JAMES, 4465 ACORNE CT, MILAN, MI 481609749; Assessments Balance: $1,207.02; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book: 7542 at Page 681of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 12, in Condominium Parcel(s) 10. Contract Number: 11-114-D LONNIE JORDAN and RICKY JOHNSON, 1375 HIGH PLAINS DR W, JACKSONVILLE, FL 32218-7632; Assessments Balance: $1,261.78; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book: 7542 at Page 681of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 11F, in Condominium Parcel(s) 114. Contract Number: 50-204D DAVID MCCOY, 820 2ND ST #17, CHENEY, WA 99004; Assessments Balance: $1,305.20; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book: 7542 at Page 681of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 50, in Condominium Parcel(s) 204B. Contract Number: 26-21D SANDRA J. PERRY, 301 HERMAN MELVILLE BLVD., UNIT 3, NEW BEDFORD, MA 02740, DANIEL PERRY, 75 POTTER ST, SOUTH DARTMOUTH, MA 02748, LILLIAN E. BEGNOCHE, TRUSTEE OF THE ROBERT R. BEGNOCHE AND LILLIAN E. BEGNOCHE JOINT REVOCABLE TRUST AGREEMENT DATED DECEMBER 3, 1992, 1831 SABAL PALM DRIVE #407, FT. LAUDERDALE, FL 33324 and THE UNKNOWN BENEFICIARIES AND SUCCESSOR TRUSTEES OF THE ROBERT R. BEGNOCHE AND LILLIAN E. BEGNOCHE JOINT REVOCABLE TRUST AGREEMENT DATED DECEMBER 3, 1992, 1831 SABLE PALM DRIVE #407, FT. LAUDERDALE, FL 33324; Assessments Balance: $1,261.78; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book: 7542 at Page 681of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 26, in Condominium Parcel(s) 21A. Contract Number: 14-309D EMERSON F. POOSER, JR. and NELLIE P POOSER, 215 STEVENSON RD, WINTER HAVEN, FL 338842329; Assessments Balance: $897.04; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on June 5, 2018 in Book: 7554 at Page 2570 of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 14, in Condominium Parcel(s) 309. Contract Number: 28-209-D GWENDOLYN D REYNOLDS, 4132 INTERSTATE 30 W, CADDO MILLS, TX 751357632; Assessments Balance: $1,261.78; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book 7542 at Page 681 of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 28, in Condominium Parcel(s) 209. Contract Number: 25-209-D DONALD L. SCHWAB and RUBY M. SCHWAB, 208 S ENGLISH ST, LEITCHFIELD, KY 42574; Assessments Balance: $1,336.56; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book 7542 at Page 681 of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 25, in Condominium Parcel(s) 209. Contract Number: 04-301-D DONALD WORLEY, 54 BISHOP RD NW, CARTERSVILLE, GA 30121-8302; Assessments Balance: $1,207.02; as evidenced by the Claim of Lien recorded on May 7, 2018 in Book 7542 at Page 681 of the Public Records of VOLUSIA County, Florida for the following Property: Unit Week(s) No (s) 4F, in Condominium Parcel(s) 301B. All DOLPHIN BEACH CLUB, according to the Declaration of Condominium thereof Book 2250, at page 1961-2033, inclusive, and according to the Condominium Plat thereof recorded in Map Book 37 at Pages 151-154, inclusive, all recorded in the Public Records of Volusia County, Florida and all amendments thereto. The owners must pay the TOTAL listed plus $300.00 fee for trustee foreclosure sale plus costs as they accrue, if any. Failure to cure the default set forth herein or take other appropriate action regarding this matter will result in the loss of ownership of the timeshare through the trustee foreclosure procedure set forth in F.S.721.855. You have the right to submit an objection form, exercising your right to object to the use of the trustee foreclosure procedure. If the shall be subject to the judicial foreclosure procedure only. The default may be cured any time before the trustees sale of your timeshare interest. If you do not object to the trustee foreclosure procedure, you will judgment even if the proceeds from the sale of your timeshare the amounts secured by the lien. Pursuant to the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, it is required that we state the following to you: THIS IS AN ATTEMPT TO COLLECT A DEBT AND ANY INFORMATION OBTAINED WILL BE USED FOR THAT PURPOSE. By: Gasdick Stanton Early, P.A., Trustee, 1601 W. Colonial Dr., Orlando, FL, 32804 DOLPH NJ COL NOA 0718 July 13, 20, 2018 L 168575 RAINBOW TITLE & LIEN, INC. 3389 Sheridan Street, PMB 221 Hollywood, FL 33021 954-920-6020 Rainbow Title & Lien, Inc. will sell at public sale at auction the following vehicles to satisfy lien pursuant to Chapter 713.585 of the Florida Statutes on 08/02/2018 at 10 A.M. *Auction will occur where vehicles are located* 2009 Cadillac VIN#1G6DF577690100491 Amount: $7,558.40 At: 527 N Beach St, Daytona Bch, Fl 32114 Notice to the Owner or Lienor that he has the right to a hearing prior to the scheduled date of Courts. Owner has the right to recover possession of vehicle by posting bond in accordance with Fla. Statutes Sect. 559.917 Proceeds from the sale of the vehicle after payment lien claimed by lienor will be deposited with the clerk of the court. Any person (s) claiming any interest(s) in the above vehicles contact: RAINBOW TITLE & LIEN, INC. (954-9206020) ALL AUCTIONS ARE HELD WITH RESERVE. 25% Buyers Premium Some vehicles may have been released prior to the sale date. Lic#AB-000125 Interested Parties must call one day prior to sale. No Pictures allowed. July 20, 2018 L 169082 From page 64B

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PAGE 16A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 20, 2018 The $2 million Ulma Museum was designed by Nizio Design International, a Warsawbased architectural firm that also designed the core exhibition of Warsaws POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews. the efforts of eight Polish families, some 21 Jews are known to have survived. Visitors can uncover photographs of Jewish hid ing places by tilting back small steel covers. One tells of the rescue efforts of Jan and Helena Cwynar, who sheltered Abraham Segal. Now 86 and living in Israel, Segal is the only remain ing Jewish survivor from Markowa. Local Poles who de nounced their neighbors for sheltering Jews also are part of the exhibit. One item features handwritten testi mony by Markowas mayor from the postwar trial of a policeman involved in the Ulma farm raid. The exhibit includes testi mony by local Poles in post war trials about neighbors who attacked farms belong ing to those hiding Jews. Poignantly, the museum features a one-to-one scale re-creation of the interior of the Ulmas modest home. Furniture, a workbench and other objects provide a palpable feel of their simple lives. Yet Jzefs farming interests and techniques were cutting edge for the time, and he was a bee keeper, bred silkworms and grew fruit trees. Books and photographs suggest that Jzef was wellread and reveal a rural family surprisingly engaged in the wider world beyond daily challenges of farm life. By todays standards, he [Jzef Ulma] was a lo cal opinion leader, Polish President Andrzej Duda said at the museums opening ceremony. While the courage and heroism of the Ulma family is widely acknowledged, some Holocaust scholars have cautioned that the exhibits focus on rescuers may leave visitors with the erroneous impression that it was com mon for Poles to assist their Jewish neighbors. In fact it was not, and even in cases where Poles risked their lives to save Jews they had to fear their Polish neighbors betraying them. (The Ulma Museum does note clearly that only some Poles saved Jews.) The scholars concern comes amid the Polish parliaments passage last Unique museum tells story of Polish family murdered for hiding Jews during Holocaust The six Ulma children, seen here with their mother during their last summer alive, were killed in 1944 after watching their parents execution for harboring Jews. Jozef and Wiktoria Ulma were married in 1935 and killed in 1944. By Penny Schwartz MARKOWA, Poland Memorial plaques bearing the names of Poles killed for rescuing Jews line the pathway leading to a small, austere structure built into a hillside in this rural village in southeastern Poland. In the center courtyard, a large slab is inscribed to the memory of Jewish victims of the Holocaust. The quiet, reflective space sets the stage for the haunt ing story that unfolds within the walls of the building, a museum that memorializes Jzef and Wiktoria Ulma, local farmers who sacrificed their lives and those of their six young children for shel tering eight Jews during the Nazi occupation. Opened about two years ago, but still little known among Jews worldwide, the Ulma Family Museum of Poles Saving Jews in World War II is the first national museum to honor Poles who aided Jews during the Holocaust. In 1995, Jzef and Wikto ria Ulma were posthumously named Righteous Among the Nations by Jerusalems Yad Vashem Holocaust memo rial, which said their story has become a symbol of Polish sacrifice and mar tyrdom during the German occupation. More than 6,800 Poles have been recognized for risking their lives to save Jews, the largest number from any individual country. The museums permanent exhibit seeks to shed light on the Polish righteous and those who assisted Jews during the Holocaust. There are similar institutions dedi cated to righteous gentiles in France and Germany. But beyond the historical chronicle, says director Anna Strz, the Markowa museum offers an important uni versal message about being human in inhuman times. Beginning in the autumn of 1942, during the Nazi occupation of Poland and following roundups and kill ings of Jews in the region, the Ulmas offered shelter to eight Jews at their farmhouse in Markowa: Saul Goldman of sons, and Genia Grnfeld, her sister Lea Didner and Didners daughter, all of Markowa. The group hid in the familys attic for about a year and a half. Goldman, a cattle dealer, and his sons helped the Ulmas with farm chores. In the early morning of March 24, 1944, the Ulma farmhouse was raided by Nazi officers and members of the Blue Police, the police forces in Germanoccupied Poland. The Ulmas likely were ratted out by policeman who knew the The Jews in hiding were murdered first. Next the Nazis killed Jzef and Wik toria, who was seven months pregnant. The commanding officer, Lt. Eilert Dieken, then ordered the murder of the six Ulma children. We will spare you the trouble in the village, Dieken remarked, accord ing to one of the policemen present. Under Nazi rule, harbor ing Jews was an offense punishable by immediate execution. Les was shot by Polish underground soldiers a few months after the Ul mas massacre. Some 90,000 people have visited since the museum here opened in March 2016, according to museum of ficials. Most have been with organized tour groups from Poland or Israel, including student groups, Strz said. This summer, the Polish Cultural Institute New York is featuring the Ulmas story in an exhibition on the fence outside the Polish Consulate in Manhattan. It opened in late June and presents the history of the Ulma family during World War II. In Markowa, the mu seums permanent exhibit draws on historical re cords, original documents and artifacts from the Ulma family and local residents, as well as personal testimo nies. Explanatory informa tion is in Polish, English and Hebrew. The museum has a stunning collection of photographs taken by Jzef Ulma, an amateur photog rapher, who chronicled daily life in the area. Before the war, approxi mately 120 Jews lived in Markowa. Thanks in part to year of a law that would have criminalized ascribing blame to the Polish state or Polish nation for Nazi crimes against Jews or suggesting that Poland bears some com plicity for the Holocaust. At the request of Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki, law makers voted this week to moderate the law, making it a civil and not a criminal offense. The law also is be ing reviewed by Polands constitutional court. Strz said her museum takes care to present the full spectrum of attitudes and negative behavior that was present during the period. Next year, she said, the museum plans to hold an international educational conference to confront the different points of view and different ways of narration. Rabbi Michael Schudrich, the chief rabbi of Poland and a U.S. native, called the Ulma Family Museum a worthy endeavor. He said he was satisfied in the way it addresses difficult issues in local Polish-Jewish rela tions, and that it does not claim to be a museum about the broader history of the Holocaust. The museum was created to respect and talk about the righteous gentiles, Schudrich said. When God created human beings, he wanted us to be like the righteous. Strz, an art historian whose doctoral studies at Catholic University in Lublin focused on places of remem brance, has ambitious plans for the museum. She wants to bolster programming, broaden the museums reach of visitors and hire more staff. Most urgently, however, she wants to continue the museums mission of acquir ing personal testimonies from rescuers and those who were rescued. It is the greatest chal lenge for us today, Strz said, all the more so because we are aware of our respon sibility and the inexorable passage of time. This article was spon sored by and produced in partnership with the Pol ish Cultural Institute New York, a diplomatic mission of Polands Foreign Affairs Ministry that promotes comprehensive knowledge of Poland, Polish history and national heritage. This story was produced by JTAs native content team.