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WWW.HERITAGEFL.COM YEAR 42, NO. 19 JANUARY 12, 2018 25 TEVET, 5778 ORLANDO, FLORIDA SINGLE COPY 75 Editorials ..................................... 4A Op-Ed .......................................... 5A Calendar ...................................... 6A Scene Around ............................. 9A Synagogue Directory ................ 11A JTA News Briefs ........................ 13A By Alanna E. Cooper NEW CASTLE, Pa. (JTA)It was a frigid 10 degrees on Sunday, the last day of 2017, but some 20 people gathered at Congregation Tifereth Israels cemetery in this city of 22,000 on the Ohio border. A blue tent and folding chairs had been set up for attendees, and a pit in the ground had been opened. No hearse would be arriving at this unusual burial, which was not for a person. Still, a few attendees choked up when they greeted each other with hugs and wiped tears from their cheeks. This was a subdued sort of mourning because no friend or relative had been taken from their midst. Nor was the death a sudden one. Indeed, the congregation had been preparing for this day for years. Deep below, the hole was lined with cardboard boxes containing yahrtzeit plaques, tallit prayer shawls and other ritual items that cemetery caretakers had carefully lowered in a few days before. The mourners had come to bury, in a sense, their synagogue. Congregation Tifereth Israel was founded nearly 125 years ago. In 1894, synagogue members lived in a busy A Rust Belt synagogue runs out of people and gathers to bury its past Alanna E. Cooper Congregants from Temple Hadar Israel in New Castle, Pa., gathering at the local Tifereth Israel cemetery to bury ritual objects from their defunct synagogue, Dec. 31, 2017. town with a suddenly booming economy. Linked first to the canal system and later to the railroad, the population of New Castle swelled at the turn of the 20th century as the towns manufacturing base grew. Tin plate and paper mills and steel and ceramic factories brought great prosperity to the region. Ancillary busi nesses cropped up to support the growing population. Many of thesedrug stores, department stores, furniture stores, grocerieswere owned by New Castles Jewish residents. Larry Luxner In all, 3,633 North Americans immigrated to Israel among some 29,000 total new im migrants in 2017. By Larry Luxner TEL AVIVAs a group of well-wishers waved tiny Israeli flags and shouted Welcome home, Diane Hewitt of Hoboken, New Jersey, stepped off the El Al jet that had just flown her to Tel Aviv from New York, American immigration to Israel takes a new turn in 2017 cradling her 8-year-old blind beagle, Annie, in her arms. A retired jewelry industry executive, Hewitt, 65, had always dreamed of moving to Israel, but she didnt want to leave behind her daugh ter, Sarah. But after Sarah herself immigrated to Israel a year ago and married an Israeli, there was little to keep Hewitt in her city across from Manhattan. I came to Israel for the first time in 2014, got off the plane and fell in love, Hewitt said as she petted Annie, who had accompanied her as an ESA, or emotional support ani mal (Hewitt has Parkinsons disease). You feel at home, and everybody is family. Its a feeling like no other. Hewitt arrived at BenGurion International Airport on Dec. 27 along with 92 other new immigrants aboard the last of 19 Nefesh BNefesh aliyah flights in 2017. The specially designated flights brought the total number of immigrants to Israel from the United States and Canada to 3,633 for the year. Overall, about 29,000 immigrants from around the world arrived in Israel in 17. The last year has seen a noticeable shift in the types of immigrants coming to Israel from North America, accord ing to Rabbi Yehoshua Fass, co-founder and executive Sam Glaser Sam Glaser, one of Amer icas foremost composers, performers and interpreters of Jewish music will be visit ing Central Florida Jan. 19-21 as the Artist-in-Residence at Temple Israel and Temple Shir Shalom in Winter Springs. Both congregations invite the community to attend four events: A Reform-style musi cal service and festive oneg on Friday, Jan. 19 at 7:30 p.m. (no charge); A Conservative-style musical service followed by kiddish and study with Glaser on Saturday, Jan. 20, at 10 a.m. (no charge); a Gala Concert presented by Temple Israel with Temple Shir Shalom on Saturday, Jan. 20, at 7:30 p.m. (tickets for purchase); and a free family concert on Sunday, Jan. 21 at 12:30 p.m. Glaser was born in 1962 to a Jewish family in Los Angeles and was composing and performing by the age of seven. He recorded his first full-length album by age 11. He graduated the University of Colorado with a B. A. in busi ness and a minor in music. He also attended the Berklee College of Music and the UCLA Film Scoring Program. Glaser has released 24 albums as well as four col lections of lyrics and poetry, four musicals, five sheet music songbooks of his Jewish music and an SATB choral book, Kol Artists-in-Residence event at Temple Israel Haneshama. He performs an nually before thousands and has toured the world over, and has won Parents Choice, John Lennon, and International Songwriting Competition awards. He produces music through his own record company, Glaser Musicworks, as well as producing scores for film and television. He has also produced albums for other recording artists. In 1995, Glaser was appointed music coordinator for the depart ment of Continuing Educa tion at the American Jewish University where he super vised the music curriculum The Holocaust Memo rial Resource and Education Center is commemorating International Holocaust Re membrance Day, Jan. 27, with a pair of programs that honor the legacy of the Bielski Partisan group. Film screening and Book Club discussion Sunday, Jan. 21, at 1 p.m. The film Defiance by Nechama Tec will be dis cussed. The film is about the extraordinary experience of the Bielski partisan group and their leader, Tuvia Bielski. The film (based on the book) will be screened at 1 p.m. in advance of the book club discussion at 3:30 p.m. Lead ing the discussion will be Dr. Susan A. Bach, whose father, Joe Abrams (Josef Abramo wicz) and mother, Esther Greenberg (Ester Grinberg) Abrams, were members of the Bielski Partisan group. An Afternoon with Mickey Bielski, son of Tuvia Bielski Sunday, Jan. 28, at 2 p.m. Meet at the Holocaust Center for a special presentation from Mickey Bielski, whose father, Tuvia Bielski, was the leader of the Bielski Brothers, an or ganization of Jewish partisans who formed an armed brigade and fought against the Nazis and their collaborators. Mickey Mickey Bielski Holocaust Remembrance Day will share the story of what it was like to come of age in the shadow of the incredible legacy of his father. He will share his own, and his fathers stories, with humor, passion and above all, love. This pair of programs, held to commemorate Inter national Holocaust Remem brance Day, is generously sponsored by Dr. Susan and Mr. Larry Bach in memory of Susans parents, Joe and Esther Abrams. Temple Israel on page 15A Rust Belt on page 15A Immigration on page 15A

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PAGE 2A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 The strange names of the tiles in Maj Jongg are music to the ears of those playing in The Roth Familys Jew ish Community Center 14th Annual Maj Madness Mah Jongg Tournament, to be held Sunday, Jan. 28, 2018. The festivities will begin at 9:15 a.m. with registration and coffee and light breakfast and games beginning at 10 a.m. The tournament format will include four rounds following the National Mah Jongg League Official Rules of Play. Open to people of all play ing levels, Maj Madness is $36 per person ($30 for JCC members) and includes a light breakfast, morning coffee, lunch, drinks, door prizes, and awards. Co-chairs Julie Levitt and Dale Perreault anticipate a great turnout. We are excited to offer a fun event in a relaxing atmosphere, Levitt said. We want it to be multi-generational and an opportunity for people to socialize with friends. Were thrilled that this is now the 14th annual Maj Madness and that the event has become such a mainstay of our community, said Per reault. The registration deadline is Jan. 21, 2018, and after that there will be a waitlist formed. For more informa tion, please call Julie at 407-926-0491 or Dale at 407622-0073. Registrations are accepted at the JCC, by call ing 407-621-4036 or online at orlandojcc.org/calendar/ maj2018. Crack!... Bam!... Jokers!... Its Maj Madness at the J Celebrate Shabbat with the synagogue that feels like family. The Shabbat evening service led by Rabbi Karen Allen is on Friday, Jan. 12th at 7pm. The service will honor the members of our board of directors. An Oneg Shabbat will follow the service. The Rabbis Torah Round table Discussion Group with Rabbi Karen Allen of Con gregation Beth Sholom, will be held on Thursday, Jan. 18th at 1 p.m. at the Sumter County Administration and Library Building (with the golden dome) at 7375 Powell Rd. (near Pinellas Plaza and 466A), Wildwood. The Rabbis Roundtable series explores the current Torah Portion and how it affects our daily lives. The roundtable provides a unique opportunity to talk with the rabbi as she leads an informal and interactive Torah study discussion. Saturday, Jan. 27th: Shab bat Morning Service led by Rabbi Karen Allen, at 10 a.m. A Kiddush will follow the service. The synagogue is located at 315 North 13th St. in Leesburg, with the entrance on Center Street. More information is avail able on the synagogue website: http://bethsholomflorida.org/ or by calling the synagogue at 352-326-3692. Congregation Beth Sholom January Schedule The Rosen JCC is going back to the 80s with its Decades party on Jan. 27, 2018. The evening will include live music with local cover band Switch, silent auction prizes, food and drink and Good Humor Ice Cream. There will also be a 80s costume contest and an auc tion to sing with the band. The event will be held at the Rosen JCC, 11184 S. ApopkaVineland Road, from 7:30 p.m. to 11:30 p.m. Babysitting is also available! Tickets are available at squareup.com/ store/rosenjcc/ All proceeds from this event benefit the Rosen JCC and the Childrens Scholarship Fund. Rock the night away at the Rosen JCC Super Bowl Sunday is just weeks away. That means the annual World Wide Wrap sponsored by the Mens Club of Congregation Ohev Shalom is just weeks away as well. Each year, Mens Clubs from Conservative and Masorti synagogues throughout the United States and beyond present this Federation of Jewish Mens Clubs program to encourage greater par ticipation in the ancient and deeply meaningful ritual of wrapping tfilin. This year, Ohev Shalom Mens Club member and Jew ish Academy of Orlando Head of School Alan Rusonik will start the morning with a new presentation. As Rusonik ex plains it, those who attend will have the opportunity to learn how tfilin is made, examine the inside of the tfilin, and talk about its meaning and significance. Following the presentation, Rabbi David Kay will guide participants in the mechan ics of wrapping tfilin as an introduction to the Sunday morning minyan service. An elaborate breakfast will be served at the conclusion of the service. Three Mens Club members will then step forward with a surprise dramatic program to get everyone in the mood for the big game later that day. The program will be held at Congregation Ohev Shalom, 613 Maitland Concourse Parkway South in Maitland, starting at 9 a.m. sharp on Super Bowl Sunday, Feb. 4, 2018. Admission is free, but donations at the door are welcome and appreciated. Ohev Mens Club presents annual World Wide Wrap Gabi and Eva Mor By Pamela Ruben How can you hate someone you have never even met? was a question frequently pondered by 6-year-old Eva Mor, as a young child growing up in Poland in the years following World War II. Often harassed and bullied on the way to and from kindergarten, or even from a short walk to the park, the child of two Holocaust and labor camp survivors was per plexed by the hate and bigotry directed at the Jewish mem bers of her community well after the wars end. In 1957, the family sought refuge in Israel, but the disturbing memories from her early childhood often came to mind. More than 50 years later, Eva, now a playwright along side husband, Gabi, found herself haunted by the uptick of hate taking place in modern America, and throughout the world. Together, the couple brainstormed ideas for a play that addressed hate that comes from a place of cultural igno rance, much like from her own childhood. The idea for the play The Bigot was hatched in late 2016, just as local news became filled with stories of injustice and intolerance. With the hopes of trigger ing a global conversation, the Manhattanand Orlandobased couple created The Bigot, fleshed out in the form of a race-baiting char acter named Jim. Answering the opening sentence to this article, Jim hates just about anybody he hasnt met, espe cially those who are ethnically and socially diverse, and look or act differently than himself. The Bigots lesbian neigh bors experience his wrath, and he is open about his racist tirades, with his son, (much to his dismay) a social liberal. When asked what makes Jim different than All in the Familys Archie Bunker, Gabi notes that while there are some similarities, Archie has more of a gut reaction to his surroundings, Jim attempts to defend his responses with a twisted logic that he wants to see as the truth. Gabi shares Dont miss the Central Florida premier of The Bigot that one reviewer called Jim, Archie Bunker 2.0. Jim feels threatened by an era of change that is not part of who he is, Gabi continued. Ultimately, as a result of a surprise ending (which the Mors are not sharing), Jims life opens up from the smallest glimmer of hope. Following the plays pre miere this past summer at New Yorks Off-Broadway Manhat tan Repertory Theatre, Eva and Gabi recalled the numerous times neighbors and acquain tances stopped them on the street to let them know they were still talking about the play. Central Floridians have an opportunity to join in on the conversation in February, during the plays Orlando pre miere at Orlando Shakespeare Center-Mandell Theater on Feb. 17, 18, 24 and 25. To find out more about The Bigot visit https://www. thebigotplay.com/ Tickets are $36 and can be purchased at the theater, located at 812 E. Rollins St., Orlando; online at https:// thebigot.ticketleap.com/thebigot-play/ or by phone, 917945-7070. Beth Shalom Memorial ChapelProudly Serving Our Community For Over 35 YearsLdor vdor ... From Generation to Generation Traditional Jewish Funerals Non-Traditional Services Interstate Shipping Pre-Arranged Funerals Shalom Assurance Plan Headstones, Grave Markers407-599-1180 W.E. Manny Adams, LFD Samuel P. (Sammy) Goldstein, Exec. Directorwww.bethshalommemorialchapel.com

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 PAGE 3A By Ebin Sandler World Israel News At a press conference at the United Nations on Tuesday, US ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley fielded questions about the fate of US funding for the UN Relief and Works Agency, the primary UN agency re sponsible for funneling aid to the Palestinians. In a video posted by Re uters, Haley responded to a question regarding whether the US would continue to fund the agency in light of the Palestinians threat to unleash all the weapons we have in the UN, by saying, [President Trump] doesnt want to give any additional funding, or stop funding, until the Palestinians agree to come back to the negotiation table, and what we saw with the [UN Jerusalem] resolution was not helpful to the situation. Were trying to move for a peace process, but if that doesnt happen, the president is not going to continue to fund that situation, Haley emphasized, without clarify ing whether the term situa tion referred specifically to UNRWAs operations. Haley stressed that the US seeks the resumption of the peace process, stressing, The Palestinians now have to show the world they want to come to the table. As of now, theyre not coming to the table, but they ask for aid. Were not giving the aid, were going to make sure they come to the table and we want to move forward with the peace process. Haleys responses were provided against the backdrop of an announcement in De cember that the US recognizes Jerusalem as Israels capital and plans to move its embassy there, which was met by a UN resolution condemning the move. The Palestinians an nounced shortly thereafter that the US will no longer play a role in mediating an agreement with Israel. US threatens to cut funds to Palestinians PLO executive Hanan Ashrawi By Aryeh Savir World Israel News The Palestinians rejected President DonaldTrumps threat to cut US aid to the Palestinian Authority over its refusal to return to the negotiations table, saying their rights are not for sale. Trump tweeted Tuesday that we pay the Palestinians HUNDRED OF MILLIONS OF DOLLARS a year and get no appreciation or respect. They dont even want to negotiate a long overdue peace treaty with Israel. We have taken Jerusalem, the toughest part of the ne gotiation, off the table, but Israel, for that, would have had to pay more. But with the Palestinians no longer willing to talk peace, why should we make any of these massive future payments to them? he stated on Twitter. Earlier, at a press confer ence at the United Nations, US ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley made similar remarks in response to questions about the future of US aid to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees. The Palestinians now have to show to the world that they want to come to the table. As of now, theyre not coming to the table but they asked for aid. Were not giving the aid, were going to make sure that they come to the table and we want to move forward with the peace process, she said. Trump doesnt want to give any additional funding, or stop funding, until the Palestinians agree to come back to the negotiation table, and what we saw with the [UN Jerusalem] resolution was not helpful to the situation, Haley said. Were trying to move for a peace process, but if that doesnt happen, the president is not going to continue to fund that situation. PLO Executive Commit tee member Hanan Ashrawi described Trumps tweet as blackmail. We will not be black mailed, she said. President Trump has sabotaged our search for peace, freedom and justice. Now he dares to blame the Palestinians for the consequences of his own irresponsible actions. Ashrawi charged Trump with violating international law, saying he single-handed ly destroyed the very founda tions of peace and condoned Israels illegal annexation of the city by recognizing Je rusalem as Israel capital last month. The Palestinians an nounced on several occasions that they have abandoned the US-led peace negotiations after Trumps declaration on Jerusalem and instead will act to obtain full Palestinian Palestinians to Trump: Threats to cut aid are blackmail United Nations membership, seek further Security Council resolutions and prosecute Israel at the International Criminal Court. These moves are meant to face all these [US] plans aimed at liquidat ing the Palestinian national project, Saeb Erekat, the chief Palestinian negotiator, said Tuesday. Such moves breach the Palestinians obligations un der 1993 Oslo peace accords. WASHINGTON (JTA)Ef forts by the Trump transi tion team to kill a 2016 UN Security Council resolution slamming Israels settlement policies were more widespread than was previously known, according to a Wall Street Journal report The report Friday said the effort encompassed a number of transition officials beyond Michael Flynn, the national security adviser-designate who was previously known to have made the effort. Also involved in the effort were Jared Kushner, Trumps son-in-law, who directed Flynn to make the calls, and Nikki Haley, the designated ambassador to the United Nations who put in a call to her outgoing counterpart, Samantha Power. In November, Flynn plead ed guilty to lying to the FBI about a call he made to the Russian ambassador at the time asking him to stop the December 2016 vote. Flynns wrongdoing rests in the lie, not in the actual call. Kushner is believed to be a target of the same federal investigative team that ex tracted the guilty plea from Flynn. The team, led by Special Prosecutor Robert Mueller, is looking into alle gations of collusion between the Trump campaign and transition teams and Rus sia. Flynn quit as national security adviser after serving only several weeks because of questions about his contacts with Russian officials. Some observers have said that the Trump teams intensive foreign policy moves during the transi tion may have violated the Logan Act, a law on the books since the 18th century that has never been successfully prosecuted. The law, which bans private citizens from conducting foreign policy, is now widely considered unprosecutable, especially when transition officials are involved, as they may be considered employees of an incoming government. The Trump team made the effortultimately un successfulat the behest of Israeli Prime Minister Benja min Netanyahu. The Obama administration did not vote for the censure, but also did not use the U.S. veto to stop the resolution. It was the only time in two terms that the Obama administration had allowed through a UN resolution opposed by Israel. Report: Trump transition to derail UN anti-Israel resolution a number of government ministries and campus orga nizations. At its general assembly, which was part of the con gress, the WUJS elected a new president: Avigayil Benstein, 24, is completing her undergraduate degree in international relations and Middle East studies at Hebrew University in Jeru salem. She was born and raised in Israel, and served as a foreign press liaison in the European desk of the Israel Defense Forces spokesper sons office. Benstein, the daughter of WUJS alumni from the United States and the United Kingdom, succeeds Yosef Tarshish, 26. The American Union of Jewish Students voted in the election for the first time after being promoted to partial member from observer status. The resolutions on FPO and the Armenian genocide were among a number of binding policy motions passed at the General Assembly. The one on Austria declars against the normalization of right-wing extremism in light of the for mation of the new government in Austria that includes FPO. WUJS resolved to remem ber the Armenian genocide, and to condemn and reject any attempt to deny, distort or ignore its historical reality. Another resolution called to raise consciousness and en courage public discourse on matters of Jewish pluralism in the State of Israel, and to seek partnership with organi zations fighting for religious pluralism in Israel. WUJS is the international umbrella organization sup porting independent Jewish student associations all over the world. It was established in 1924 by Hersch Lauterpacht, and previous WUJS leaders in clude Albert Einstein, Chaim Bialik, Sigmund Freud and Chaim Weizmann, as well as David Ben-Gurion, and A.B. Yehoshua. International Jewish students group to launch anti-Semitism awareness campaign on campuses JERUSALEM (JTA)In ternational Jewish student leaders will launch an interna tional anti-Semitism aware ness campaign on campuses worldwide and vowed to reject any attempts to deny the Ar menian genocide. The World Union of Jewish Students at its 44th World Congress, a five-day assem bly that ended Monday, also aimed to seek partnership with organizations fighting for religious pluralism in Israel and committed not to work with members or af filiates of Austrias populist Freedom Party, or FPO, which is part of the new government coalition. The group said it would boycott FPO officials. Some 157 Jewish college students from 36 countries served as delegates to the congress. The students came from Eastern, Central and Western Europe, North and South America, Australasia, South Africa, India, Turkey and Israel. 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PAGE 4A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 THE VIEWS EXPRESSED ON THIS PAGE ARE NOT NECESSARILY THE VIEWS OF HERITAGE MANAGEMENT. CENTRAL FLORIDAS INDEPENDENT JEWISH VOICE ISSN 0199-0721 Winner of 46 Press Awards HERITAGE Florida Jewish News (ISN 0199-0721) is published weekly for $37.95 per year to Florida ad dresses ($46.95 for the rest of the U.S.) by HERITAGE Central Florida Jewish News, Inc., 207 OBrien Road, Suite 101, Fern Park, FL 32730. Periodicals postage paid at Fern Park and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes and other correspondence to: HERITAGE, P.O. Box 300742, Fern Park, FL 32730. PHONE NUMBER (407) 834-8787 FAX (407) 831-0507 MAILING ADDRESS P.O. Box 300742 Fern Park, FL 32730 email: news@orlandoheritage.com Editor/Publisher Jeffrey Gaeser Editor Emeritus Associate Editor News Editor Gene Starn Kim Fischer Christine DeSouza Account Executives Kim Fischer Marci Gaeser Contributing Columnists Jim Shipley Ira Sharkansky David Bornstein Ed Ziegler Production Department David Lehman Gil Dombrosky Joyce Gore Society Editor Gloria Yousha Office Manager Paulette Alfonso By Steve Leibowitz World Israel News The Palestinians say no ties with the US, no meetings with US peace emissaries, and a big no to Washingtons recognition of Jerusalem as the Israeli capital. All of these negatives have combined to turn President Donald Trumps twitter arsenal against the PA. According to the US president, the Palestin ians had no legitimate reason to be furious over his recognition of Jerusalem as Israels capital because Israel would have had to pay for his declarations with concessions in future negotiations. The United States currently gives the Pales tinian Authority over $300 million in annual aid and is the largest overall supplier of financial support for the Palestinians. The US wants a return on its money, Trump says Washington was paying for nothing, and the US received no appreciation or respect in return. There is apparently no going back for the Palestinians. PA President Mahmoud Abbas insists that the US relinquish its traditional role as the mediator of Israeli-Palestinian peace talks and even recalled its envoy to the United States for consultations, in protest of US actions. How will PA make up for lost aid? Prof. Menachem Klein of Bar Ilan University says the PA is totally dependent on external funding, but will survive without American aid. Klein told World Israel News, If the US holds back funds, it will definitely create a crisis, but it will not bring on a collapse of the PA. They will make up for the loss of funds by appealing to the Europeans, Qatar and Turkey. They can find alternatives. Europe recently cut support due to domestic needs but they can redirect. As far as returning to the peace process, Abbas will definitely not cave in to US de mands, Klein continued. He will push for an umbrella of mediators. like the Middle East Quartet, including the US, Russia, the EU and the UN instead of the US as the sole mediator. They view the current situation as a total failure of the US peace process. They believe that Trumps administration is fraught with arrogance and is disconnected from reality. Trumps tweets will not bring them to their knees. Dan Diker, a senior fellow at the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, told WIN, The US contributes less than 10 percent of the PAs budget, but this is the first time they have been sent to the woodshed by its largest government sponsor. The US had already threatened to hold back payments due to the Palestinians policy of paying salaries of convicted terrorists in Israeli prisons. Trump will now punish the Palestinians for boycotting the US administra tion and the peace process. Life for Palestinians worse since Oslo Accords According to Diker, In private meetings and in public pronouncements (in Arabic), the Saudis, Jordanians and Egyptians have said they are sick and tired of Palestinian rejection of the peace process and their boycott of the Americans. The PA is desperate for money and they will plead for additional funding from a reluctant Europe and elsewhere. The Iranians have their own problems, but they can increase donations to Hamas in Gaza, which may now receive less funding from the PA to pay salaries for its civil servants. Because of developments we will see more and more Palestinians reaching out to Israel for jobs and economic cooperation. They are sick and tired of their government. Life has gotten worse since the Oslo accords and there is a feeling of restiveness, Diker said. US threats to end aid unlikely to revive peace talks By Daniel Krygier Like all empires and despotic regimes, the Iranian Mullah regime has a shelf life that it desperately seeks to prolong. The renewed popu lar protests in Iran against the regime and the deteriorating living conditions in the country could potentially bring profound positive change for Israel, the Middle East and the world. Alongside Turkey, Iran stands out as a Muslim non-Arab country in a Middle East region dominated by the Arab world. Prior to the Islamic Revolution in 1979, Israel and Iran enjoyed close economic and security relations. Iran was never a democracy but under the Shah, Iranian society embraced Western-style modernity and education. Despite nearly four decades of harsh Islamist rule, much of Iranian society remains com mitted to modernity and peaceful relations with the West and the outside world. Unlike the more traditional Islamic Arab world, statesponsored anti-Semitism appears to have failed to strike deeper roots among much of Iranian forward-looking society that secretly embraces the modern lifestyle and freedom of Israel and the rest of the Western world. The Iranian Ayatollah-led regime has for decades invested in expanding its predatory influence throughout the Middle East and beyond at the expense of its own people. While most Iranians live in poverty under an oppressive regime, Irans Islamist leadership has invested heavily in establishing a Shiite empire stretching from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea. Unlike Iraqs former dictator, Saddam Hus sein, Irans regime has masked its aggression and imperialist ambitions by outsourcing its dirty work to its proxies like Hezbollah in Lebanon, Hamas in Gaza, Assad in Syria and the Houthis in Yemen. It should come as no surprise that Iranian students disproportionally led the fresh pro tests against the regime. Many educated young Iranians are fed up with the Islamist oppressive rule, grinding poverty, corruption and the fact that their living conditions take a backseat to the regimes imperial aggression. Young Iranians are increasingly protesting against the regimes waste of precious national resources in Syria, Lebanon and Gaza at the expense of the Iranian Iranian unrest can bring peace for Israel and beyond By Andrew Silow-Carroll NEW YORK (JTA)JTA doesnt give out Person of the Year honors, but if we did Id be tempted to nominate Michael Kadar, the Israeli-American teenager accused of mak ing hundreds of bomb threats against Jewish community centers in early 2017. As I wrote soon after his arrest: [T]he JCC bomb threat hoax wasnt just an isolated swastika daubingit was an ongoing story affecting Jewish institutions in nearly every American Jewish community. It shaped a communal narrative that something ugly and insidious was happening out there. And it fueled a political crisis among most American Jewish organizations and the White House, with the former accusing the latter of taking too long to denounce anti-Semitism and to comfort Jews traumatized by the bomb threats and at least two major cemetery desecrations. Kadar, 18 at the time of his arrest in April, deserves the dubious distinction for another reason: He personifies a Jewish question, perhaps the Jewish question of 2017, which is, How do you define anti-Semitism? Kadars circumstances are of course peculiar to him, asking if a series of hoaxes that terrified Jewish institutions stop being anti-Semitism because the caller is Jewish. The question I am talking about is both semantic and political, pitting left against right on at least two battlegrounds. The first is the college campus, and the sec ond is the national political scene. On college campuses (and wherever the fight against the Boycott Israel movement is engaged), groups intent on fighting anti-Israel activity often insist that Israels enemies are anti-Semitic, certainly in effect, and usually by intent. They point to slogans and imagery that draw on age-old stereotypes of Jewish control and collusion. They ask why of all the countries in the worldincluding those with gruesome human rights recordsIsrael is singled out for threats and boycotts. Examples of the blurring of anti-Israelism and anti-Semitism abound. In September, the student government at the University of Wisconsin-Madison held a vote on an antiIsrael resolutionon Passover. A student legislator at McGill University tweeted punch a Zionist today and somehow survived im peachment; an anti-Zionist student group at the same Montreal university admitted that it used anti-Semitic propaganda to prevent a Jewishand presumably anti-BDScan didate from being re-elected to the student government. A lawsuit against San Francisco State University insists the school failed to protect Jewish students when it allowed proPalestinian protesters to disrupt a speech by Jerusalems mayor. But theres a big gap among Jewish activ ists when it comes to defining the challenge. Left-leaning groupson campus and on the outsideworry that labeling even hostile political rhetoric as hate speech puts Jews on the wrong side of the free speech debate. They How do you define anti-Semitism? Its complicated. say that a tool that has only recently been ap plied to anti-Semitic activity on campusTitle VI of the Civil Rights Acttakes too broad a brush in defining anti-Semitism and ends up blaming legitimate critics of Israel of creating an unsafe environment for Jewish students. Two of the most active groups in promoting the use of Title VIthe Zionist Organization of America and the Lawfare Projectare on the right. And they Argue that the tactics of the boycott Israel movement, especially when they include comparing Israel to Nazi Germany or denying Israels right to exist, are contemporary examples of an age-old hatred. A shadowy group called the Canary Mission bypasses the legal arena by publishing a virtual, and ethically suspect, blacklist of faculty and students it deems are affiliated with move ments that seek the destruction of Israel, routinely engage in anti-Semitic rhetoric and actions, and promote hatred of Jews. On the political front, the anti-Semitic de bate broke in almost exactly the opposite way: The left was quick to label President Donald Trump as a fomenter of anti-Semitism and some of his aides and minions as anti-Semites outright. The failure of the White House to name Jews in its formal statement on Inter national Holocaust Remembrance Daylike Trumps tepid condemnation of the racist and anti-Semitic marchers at Charlottesvillewas not just an inadvertent mistake, many on the left reasoned, but a dog-whistle to the nation alist, and sometimes racist and anti-Semitic, right that supported Trump Similarly, the left insists former White House strategist Steve Bannon was no mere economic nationalist but a cynical dema gogue who was willing to play on familiar anti-Semitic tropes to stir the Trump base. Right-wing groups, most notably the ZOA, were quick to defend Trump and Bannon. They would point to the strongly pro-Israel stance of Breitbart News with Bannon as its head and Trumps triumphant visit to the Western Wall at the beginning of his term. Bannon spoke at a ZOA fundraiser, and the organiza tion issued numerous statements accusing the Anti-Defamation League of being too hard on the Trump administration and too soft on pro-Palestinian activistsespecially the Palestinian-American feminist leader Linda Sarsour. (The ADL notes that it has called out anti-Semitism on the right and among pro gressives alike.) Meanwhile, right-leaning Orthodox Jews felt their gamble on Trump paid off when he recognized Jerusalem as Israels capital. Right-left divides arent new to Jewish communal politics, but applying them to the fight against anti-Semitism appears to be. Once upon a time, the Jews antagonists were obvious: Louis Farrakhan, David Duke, Hamas, the U.N. General Assembly, neo-Nazis here and in Europe. They havent gone away, but now the Jewish left accuses the Jewish right of downplaying the dangers of the altright. The Jewish right says the real threat to Jews is not from pro-Trump internet trolls but from progressive campus groups, includ ing Jews on the far left, who condemn Israel but really mean the Jews. The left thinks it a vital Jewish mission to enter into social justice coalitions with other minorities, including Muslims; the right says Black Lives Matter lost all moral authority when it joined the pro-Palestinian cause. Or maybe its not such a new phenomenon after all, because behind the debate are a fa miliar series of issues that have long divided the Jewish activist class: tikkun olam vs. peoplehood; universal justice vs. particular ist priorities; a broad human rights agenda vs. a narrower focus on Israel. A polarized political climate only created the conditions for divides that were there all along. years to come. Our survival, and that of the State of Israel, depend on it. Most of all, we need to unequivocally and unabashedly say Todah rabah (Hebrew for Thank you very much) to President Trump and to our evangelical Christian friends. Rabbi Yechiel Eckstein is founder and president of the International Fellowship of Christians and Jews. Thank you From page 5A The 2009 protests versus today The situation in Iran today differs compared to 2009, when the regime ruthlessly crushed the Iranian opposition. Unlike Obamas meek response, President Donald Trump has expressed strong American support for the freedom-seeking protesters and condemned the Iranian regime. While the protests in 2009 were mainly about a rigged election and against a specific candidate, todays protests are against the Iranian Islamist regime as a whole. Obamas nuclear deal appeared to infuse the Iranian regime with a prolonged lease of life by filling the Islamists coffers with billions of dollars. However, despite this and the removal of international sanctions, the living condi tions have not improved for average Iranians. It appears that the Iranian regime has increasingly overstretched its resources by financing global terrorism and Islamist influ ence at the expense of its own citizens. A question of time It is still unclear how the latest protests in Iran will unfold and whether the US will back its vocal support for the demonstrators with deeds. However, one thing is clear: it is merely a question of time before the Iranian Islamist regime collapses. When that happens, Israel and Iran can restore its pre-1979 relations. It will also mean a deathblow for Israels mortal enemies, Hezbollah and Hamas, that depend on Iranian support. A pro-Western and pro-modern Iran could further join Israel and the Kurds as defenders of a peaceful and prosperous Middle East. Fi nally, it would also significantly weaken global Islamist terrorism in the West and beyond. Daniel Krygier is a political analyst with World Israel News.

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 PAGE 5A By Rachel Minkowsky (Kveller via JTA)My fam ily joined a synagogue a few months ago, and overall its been wonderful for us. But after our first family Shab bat service, I realized I had a lot to learn. And I wanted to learn. I wanted to be a good example for both my children, but especially my 7-year-old, who was thriving in Hebrew school. Somewhere during a fran tic, late-night Google search for Jewish classes and semi nars, I stumbled upon a group called Jinspire. It was linked with the Jewish Womens Renaissance Project, a group that offers trips to Israel for Jewish mothers. The trip is a different concept than Birth right. Participants in JWRP trips are expected to regu larly engage with the group that accepts them. There are challah bakes, workshops, even Mommy and Me events. It sounded amazing. My hus band completely supported my desire to apply. I interviewed with three women and liked them in stantly. I told a few friends about the trip. Come with me! I said. Itll be fun! One friend shrugged her shoulders. Thats not really my thing, she started. And youre more Jewish than me. I resisted the urge to scream. That wasnt the first or last time Ive heard more Jewish. As a writer and a counselor, I have been trained to respect the power of words. And this phrase has a weird sort of power over me. Each time I hear it, Im overwhelmed by a mix of frustration, irritation and embarrassment. Because re ally, what does more Jewish even mean? Am I more Jewish because my family belongs to a local synagogue? Am I less Jewish because, at 37, I am still learn ing how to daven? Am I more Jewish if I join a group of Jewish mothers on a trip to Israel? Am I less Jewish if I opted to stay home? Am I more Jewish because I married a Jewish man? Would I be less Jewish if I fell in love with someone who practiced a different faith? Am I more Jewish because I bake challah, light candles and sing songs with my chil dren on Friday nights? Am I less Jewish because I use my Mr. Coffee on Saturday mornings? Am I more Jewish because I eschew pictures with Santa, a Chanukah bush and a Mensch on a Bench? Am I less Jewish because I send out winter-themed greeting cards adorned with my childrens pictures? I dont adhere to every single Jewish law. I appreciate tradition, but realize there are times that I need to do my own thing. But my con nection to Judaism is not like playing a sport, where victory goes to the person thats ac crued the most points. Being Jewish is my identity. Its my family. Its my history. Its my future. Its how I know Im not alone. Last month, as Jews cel ebrated Chanukah, millions of menorahs were lit simulta neously. Well forgo healthier dinner options and eat foods fried in oil. Well celebrate the fact that were Jews, and that despite thousands of years of adversity, were still here. That is a miracle, too. A Jewish life, like a miracle, cannot be weighed and mea sured. We are Jewish. Just Jewish. No more, no less. Rachel Minkowsky works as a school counselor in New York City. She is mar ried and the mother of two daughters. Kveller is a thriving com munity of women and parents who convene online to share, celebrate and commiserate their experiences of raising kids through a Jewish lens. Visit Kveller.com. We need to stop using the phrase more Jewish By Jonathan Marks JNS On Dec. 14, the star singersongwriter Lorde tweeted, not uncharacteristically, my cutie tour mate covered the heart song. A week later, she was taking a crash course on the IsraeliPalestinian conflict. By Christmas Eve, she had acquired enough knowledge of Middle East politics to cancel her June concert in Tel Aviv in accordance with the cultural wing of the BDS movement, which seeks to make Israel a pariah state by encouraging musical and other artists to boycott it. Elvis Costello is among the best-known entertain ers to refuse to perform in Israel, and Roger Waters, who co-founded Pink Floyd, is a prominent figure in the BDS movement. The Rolling Stones and Radiohead, on the other hand, have pointedly re fused to give in to pressure to cancel concerts there. Lorde offered no reason for her cancellation apart from hav ing received an overwhelm ing number of messages & letters and having had a lot of discussions with people holding many views. Lordes decision was in spired by an open letter from New Zealand-based activists Justine Sachs and Nadia Abu-Shanab. Observing that 11 Palestinians have been killed since President Donald Trump recognized Jerusalem as Israels capital, without ob serving that the killing took place amidst violent protests featuring the use of Molotov cocktails, the writers claimed that playing in Tel Aviv will be seen as giving support to the policies of the Israeli government. That argument is disin genuous for two reasons. First, BDS is opposed to much more than the policies of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahus administration. The 2005 Palestinian Civil Society Call for BDS, which is said to have launched the present boycott movement, demands an end to Israeli occupation and coloniza tion of all Arab lands, and its proponents have studi ously avoided clarity on the question of whether all or just part of Israel is oc cupied Arab land. Second, if performing in Israel were to be seen as giving support to the Israeli government, that would be only because BDS has politicized an oth erwise apolitical act. Nobody sees playing in Russia, for example, as a political act. That is because there is not at present an international campaign to turn Russia into a pariah state. Come to think of it, did I mention that Lorde has not cancelled her plans to per form in St. Petersburg and Moscow? Thats odd because the Russian government has been credibly accused not only of abetting Syrian President Bashar al-Assads government as it slaughtered tens of thousands of civilians, but also of itselftargeting hos pitals in Aleppo. The Aleppo campaign was merelyan up date of Russian President Vladimir Putins brutal, civilian-targeting campaign in Chechnya. If Lorde accepts the logic of Sachs and AbuShanab, then her concerts in Russia will support all these actions, not to speak of Rus sian aggression in Ukraine. They will also support Rus sian authoritarianism, which the Freedom House am ply documents in its assess ment of Russia as not free. The Putin administration has almost no regard for political freedom, civil liberties or Lorde is swimming in anti-Semitic waters freedom of the press. But we wont think Lordes concerts are pro-Putin because the logic Lorde has accepted is a sort of magic logic that what luck!applies only to Jewish states. The singling out of Israel by the BDS movement, the United Nations and others as the country most deserving of reproach is anti-Semitic on its face. Nonetheless, that Lorde was hoodwinked by BDS reflects not per sonal anti-Jewish bias, but something worsethe in filtration of such bias into the terms of our ordinary political discourse. Lorde, like many others more or less honestly trying to do the right thing, is swimming in polluted waters. Jonathan Marks is a pro fessor of politics at Ursinus College. By Rabbi Yechiel Eckstein JNS President Donald Trumps recent announcement recog nizing Jerusalem as Israels capital and declaring that the U.S. will move its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem did not happen in a vacuum or come out of nowhere. It did not happen solely because of Jewish influence, either. It happened because millions of good Christians in America urged the president to do so. But where did this ground swell of Christian support come from? It was exactly 40 years ago when I initiated some of the earliest dialogues ever be tween evangelical Christians and Jews. Little did I realize then that these Christians, whom most people never even heard of, would grow in numbers and influence both in America and around the world, and would become such a crucial base of support for Israel and the Jewish people. Five years later, in 1983, I founded the International Fellowship of Christians and Jews (The Fellowship), with the goal of building bridges of cooperation and under standing between evangelical Christians and Jews as well as broad, grassroots support for the State of Israel. The notion of changing 2,000 years of bitter history and replacing it with a part nership marked by friendship and acts of unconditional love (without missionary activity) was regarded at the time as an unattainable pipe dream. But I went ahead nonetheless, de spite the criticism, skepticism and attacks. I began bringing evangelical leaders to Israel to meet various prime ministers, starting with Menachem Begin, and to the White House to press for pro-Israel policies. Later, we launched the Christian tourism to Israel industry, in partnership with the National Religious Broadcasters, the umbrella organization of all those involved in evangelical Christian media. Today, more than 1 million Christians visit Israel each year. From there we proceeded to grow broad-based political support for Israel among evan gelicals, opening an office in Washington, D.C., and a Stand for Israel advocacy program that today reaches millions of people around the world every day. Finally, 20 years ago, we began raising funds from Christians, primarily through TV and direct response mar keting, to help Jews immigrate to Israel from the former Soviet Union, feed and care for needy Jews in Israel and around the world, and provide security for Israel and Jewish institutions worldwide. It would take four decades of hard work as well as the financial support of just a few hundred Jews in the earlier years, and later of 1.7 million Christians, to reach the point where we are todaythe larg est global source of Christian support for Israel. Over the years The Fellow ship often came under attack, initially by Reform and liberal Jews and establishment Jew ish groups, and later mostly by extremist haredi Jewish leaders and rabbis who even refused our overtures of help because the funds came from Christians. Some still refuse to accept our help even today. But eventually The Fel lowship was, in the words of former Sen. Joe Lieberman, vindicated. Today, The Fel lowship helps roughly 1.4 million people each year, in Israel and around the world. Our $140 million annual budget supports the most vulnerable segments of Israeli societythe poor, the elderly, Holocaust survivors, people with disabilities, immigrants, minorities, terror victims, veterans and others. Indeed, The Fellowship is today the largest philanthropic welfare organization in Israel. In addition, we provide $30 million a year from Christians to help the worlds most destitute Jews in the former Soviet Union and elsewhere with basic needs such as food, medicine and heating fuel. Weve brought more than 750,000 Jews on aliyah from 28 countries where they were threatened by anti-Semitism, terror and economic despair, and helped found the U.S. aliyah organization Nefesh BNefesh. We provide millions of dollars in security assis tance to more than 100 Jewish communities worldwide. Over the years our Chris tian partners have contrib uted more than $1.4 bil lionmostly with an average sacrificial donation of $76 per personto help Israel and the Jewish people. These are not wealthy mega donors, but people who care wholeheart edly for Israel and relate to her and the Jewish people with unconditional love. I am recounting this not to herald our organizations impact, but to remind us all of how the growth of Christian support for Israel and the Jewish community during the past four decades contributed to President Trumps historic announcement on Jerusalem. Today, phrases like Jews and evangelical Christians supporting Israel barely raise an eyebrow; as if it were a given. But Christians faithful support for Israel was never a given. Nor is it todayespe cially if we measure it in terms of the dwindling level of sup port for Israel from the next generation of evangelicals. We owe these Christians a debt of gratitudeof hakarat hatov (Hebrew for the recog nition of good). There are an estimated 100 million Pentecostal Chris Saying thank you to our Christian friends tians in China alone, and hundreds of millions more in Latin America, the Far East and other regions. Most of them are where the evan gelical community in America was 40 years ago, when I first began working with them. They have not yet been taught that it is their biblical duty to stand with Israel and to bless the Jewish people. It is imperative that the Jewish community invests in educating them, reaching out to them, and rallying their continued supportand that of their childrenin the years ahead. Much more needs to be done if we seek to rely on evan gelical support in the future. Evangelical Christians re main an essential, steadfast, strategic partner for Israel, both in the U.S. and around the world. But their contin ued friendship is not a given. We need to invest in their burgeoning communities and in the next generation of evangelicals to ensure that they too stand with Israel and that their support grows rather than diminishes in the Thank you on page 4A

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PAGE 6A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 LIGHT SHABBAT CANDLES AT A COMPREHENSIVE COMMUNITY CALENDAR Whats Happening For inclusion in the Whats Happening Calendar, copy must be sent on sepa rate sheet and clearly marked for Calendar. Submit copy via: e-mail (news@ orlandoheritage.com); mail (P.O. Box 300742, Fern Park, FL 32730-0742); fax (407-831-0507); or drop it by the office (207 OBrien Rd., Ste. 101, Fern Park) Deadline is Wednesday noon, 10 days prior to publication. JAN. 12 5:30 p.m. JAN. 19 5:36 p.m. MAIL SUBSCRIPTION TO: Name ___________________________________________________ Address _________________________________________________ City/State/Zip _____________________________________________ Phone _________________________________ # ____________________________________________ expiration date __________________________________ Name _______________________________ Address _____________________________ ________________________ Phone _______________________________ YES! I want to be informed. Start my subscription at once. Please: enter extend my subscription for: 1 year at $37.95 52 issues 2 years at $69.95 104 issues 1 year out-of-state at $46.95 or 2 years out-of-state at $87.95 P.O. Box 300742 (407) 834-8787 Its inexcusable! My week is not complete without it! Im lost without it! I cant live without it! How in the world am I supposed to know whats going on? What are you missing out on?... Subscribe today! These are some of the comments we receive from readers when they miss an issue of Heritage Florida Jewish News Quote of the Week If I was an atheist and believed in blind eternal fate, I should still believe that fate had ordained the Jews to be the most essential instrument for civilizing the nations... John Adams Down 1. Recent Spielberg flop, with The 2. Draft pick? 3. Activity down the Jordan 4. Arab chieftains domain 5. Tennis champ Monica 6. ___ nap (wiped) 7. Klutzes 8. ___at Shema 9. Org. that causes problems for some citizens 10. Biblical brother paired with Gad 11. Its often on a Shabbat menu 12. Light lager 13. Had some of this puzzles theme 18. Chinese weight unit 22. Freudian issue 23. Locale for Shem, Ham, or Japheth 24. Former Israeli Chief Rabbi Yisrael Meir 25. Went down, like a sub 26. Chip you wouldnt make a blessing on? 27. Tefillat ____ (Dew Bless ing) 30. Big kosher animal found in Yellowstone 33. In Israel theyre kgs. 35. Where some won big bet ting on American Pharoah, for short 38. Home of the Tempio Maggiore 39. Notable name in terrorism 40. Its needed for a swoosh 41. Sounds in Eli Roth or Wes Craven flicks 42. Its often on a Shabbat menu 45. Sheldon who backed Trump 46. Big horn 47. Distance measures, in Israel (abbr.) 48. Cool ___ cucumber 50. Symbols that signify OK for some Jews 52. Brings back, as memories 53. CBS has an Amazing one 56. Unlikely city to play dreidel in 58. Moms mom, to some 60. Start of a Shabbat song 61. Stage signal 63. Herzl or Sinai 64. Part of the seventh plague 65. Miracle on Ice team 66. ...my tongue is the ___ of a ready writer (Psalms 45:1) See answers on page 14. Across 1. Reveals 6. Maker of more than 50% of Israels cell phones, once 11. Stereotypical Jewish job, for short 14. Eternal light 15. Brings home 16. Mark Ronsons Uptown Funk, e.g. 17. Its often on a Shabbat menu 19. Spanish cheer 20. ___ water (stays afloat) 21. Fish which can pack a bite 23. False handles 25. Bewitched actor Dick 28. Lewis Black might go on one 29. Jacobs father-in-law, in the Bible 31. Draft status of Steve Rog ers, eventually 32. Its often on a Shabbat menu 34. Digging, so to speak 36. Carson Dalys old MTV show, for short 37. Its often on a Shabbat menu 40. Kissinger org., once 43. Kacha kacha 44. Its often on a Shabbat menu 49. Sound heard at the Machtesh crater 51. One who goes for the gold? 54. Hoover and Degania 55. Tragedies and betrayals, e.g. 57. Bayer who played a Bar Mitzvah boy on SNL 59. Anything ___ (2003 Woody Allen film) 60. Sabras, in Israel 61. Heb___.com (Jewish dat ing site?) 62. Its often on a Shabbat menu 67. Thurman of The Aveng ers 68. Computer collection thats often cleared 69. Lasso loop 70. Word before Tamid or Kodesh 71. Regions 72. Former U.N. leader Kofi Manageable puzzle The Shabbat Menu by Yoni Glatt koshercrosswords@gmail.com MORNING AND EVENING MINYANS (Call synagogue to confirm time.) Chabad of South OrlandoMonday Friday, 8 a.m. and 10 minutes before sunset; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 8:15 a.m., 407-354-3660. Congregation Ahavas YisraelMonday Friday, 7:30 a.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 9 a.m., 407-644-2500. Congregation Chabad Lubavitch of Greater DaytonaMonday, 8 a.m.; Thursday, 8 a.m., 904672-9300. Congregation Ohev ShalomSunday, 9 a.m., 407-298-4650. GOBOR Community Minyan at Jewish Academy of OrlandoMondayFriday, 7:45 a.m.8:30 a.m. Temple IsraelSunday, 9 a.m., 407-647-3055. FRIDAY, JANUARY 12 Ahavas YisraelKabbalat, 30 minutes before sundown. Congregation Beth AmRabbi Merrill Shapiro leads Shabbat services 7:30 p.m. and Saturday morning, 9:30 a.m. Information, 407-862-3505 or shalom@congbetham.org Congregation Beth SholomEvening service led by Rabbi Karen Allen, 7 p.m. Info: 352-3263692. SUNDAY, JANUARY 14 Kehillah: A History of Jewish Life in Greater OrlandoOngoing exhibit at the Orange County Regional History Center, 65 E. Central Blvd., Orlando, and will continue through Feb. 20, 2018. MONDAY, JANUARY 15 Israeli Folk Dancing7:30-8:15 p.m. instruction, 8:15-10 p.m., requests. Cost: Free for JCC members, $5 nonmembers. Info: 407-645-5933. JOIN OrlandoTeens are invited to build a ReSurf Club for orphan and foster teens in Daytona Beach. Info: Daniel Nabatian at 516-426-8484 or dnabatian@joinorlando.org JOIN OrlandoMens Whisky and Wisdom at the JOIN House, 109 Water Oak Lane, Altamonte Springs, 8 p.m. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 17 Temple IsraelLunch & Learn with Rabbi Neely, noon1 p.m. A parashat discussion class. Open to the public, no RSVP needed. Info: 407-647-3055. A Nosh of YiddishClasses in Yiddish the third Wednesday of each month sponsored by the Jewish Pavilion, held at Oakmonte Village, Royal Gardens Cir., Lake Mary (Valencia Building), 1 p.m. Info: 407-678-9363. Coffee and refreshments served. The Roth Family JCCLunch and Learn: Pillars of the Past, 12:30 p.m.-1:30 p.m. Enjoy lunch and participate in an in-depth look at the earliest leaders from the patriachs and matriachs led by Rabbi Michoel Rennert of Orlando Torah Academy. RSVPs requested to register@orlandojcc.org THURSDAY, JANUARY 18 A Nosh of YiddishClasses in Yiddish the third Thursday of each month sponsored by the Jewish Pavilion, held at Brookdale Island Lake, 160 Islander Circle in Longwood 10:30 a.m. Info: 407-678-9363. Coffee and refreshments served. Congregation Beth Sholom Rabbis Roundtable Discussion Group, 1 p.m. at the Sumter County Administration and Library Building, 7375 Powell Road, Wildwood. Congregation Ohev Shalom Mens Club Bowling, 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. at AMF Bowling Lanes in Altamonte Springs, 280 Douglas Ave. Cost: $18 for two hours of bowling, includes shoes and pizza. FRIDAY, JANUARY 19 Ahavas YisraelKabbalat, 30 minutes before sundown. Temple Israel and Temple Shir ShalomArtist-in-Residence weekend with Sam Glaser. Reformstyle musical service and oneg, 7:30 p.m. and a Conservative-style musical service followed by kiddish and study with Glaser on Saturday, Jan. 20, 10 a.m.

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 PAGE 7A rf rntbn rrrn rfrntbr r Yonatan Sindel/Flash90 Michael Oren attending a meeting in the Israeli parliament in Jerusalem, June 27, 2017. the term [neutralized] is very vague, highly subjective and non-medical. Before becoming Israels ambassador to his native United States in 2009, Oren was a preeminent historian of the Middle East and Israel. He ended his term as ambas sador in 2013 and was elected to Knesset two years later as part of the center-right Kulanu party. Orens position appears to contradict the IDFs own code of ethics, which instructs soldiers to treat civilians with dignity and to do all in their power to avoid causing harm to their lives, bodies, dignity and property. Asa Kasher, one of the codes co-authors, wrote in the Forward in 2016 that terrorists should be treated as civilians, not as enemy soldiers. Soldiers are required to treat a terrorist wielding a knife as a criminal, not as an enemy in a battlefield, wrote Kasher, a philosophy professor at Tel Aviv University. The terrorists attempt to kill or injure ought to be foiled, but killing him is sanctioned only if there is no effective alterna tiveonly if its a last resort. Even the IDFs own chief of the general staff has urged soldiers to show restraint, say ing in 2015, The army cannot speak in slogans such as kill or be killed. Oren, who also was raised in the U.S., disputed the idea that shoot to kill runs Should Israeli soldiers shoot to kill Palestinian terrorists? Michael Oren says yes. By Ben Sales (JTA)If a Palestinian appears to be committing a terror attack, do they deserve to die on the spot? The answer is yes, says Michael Oren. The former Is raeli ambassador to the United States, now a deputy minister in Israels Cabinet, tweeted last week that the Israel De fense Forces should change its rules of engagement, such that soldiers should shoot to kill suspected terrorists, instead of just incapacitat ing them. Soldiers who catch terror ists while carrying out attacks must be ordered to shoot to kill not neutralize, Oren tweeted Dec. 27. Soldiers responding to terror attacks cannot deter mine if terrorists are neutral ized, as the current open-fire order states. Soldiers are not doctors. But they must ensure that the terrorists pose no further threat. Orens comments touch on a debate that has coursed through Israeli society since 2015, when a wave of Palestin ian stabbing attacks swept across Israel and Israeli forces killed many of the assailants. The debate intensified in 2016 when an Israeli soldier killed a terrorist who was already in capacitated or, in IDF-speak, neutralized. But Oren has a problem with just neutralizing at tackers. Soldiers, he said, lack the necessary expertise to know when an assailant can no longer cause harm, and kill ing is the only definite way to remove the threat. In his tweets, and again while speaking to JTA on Tuesday, Oren raised the example of Omar al-Abed, who was convicted last week of murdering three Israelis in a July attack on the West Bank settlement of Halamish. Al-Abed was neutralized, but then tried to attack the Israeli paramedics who were treating him following the attack. When the medics came to attend to him, he jumped up and could have killed them, Oren told JTA. A young sol dier in the middle of a terror attack is not a doctor. Even counter to the code of ethics. He said he is only advocating the measure when terrorists are clearly in the midst of an attack. Determining whether someone is committing ter rorism, Oren said, is easier than determining whether they are neutralized. You see the person shoot ing, you see the person stabbing, he said, adding that when he served in the Israeli army, We were taught to shoot to kill in overcoming a Syrian position. That threat is not eliminated until the terrorist is eliminated. Oren isnt alone in advo cating deadlier measures for terrorists. Avigdor Liberman, Israels defense minister, wrote on Facebook in 2015 that no terrorist should come out of an attack alive and has spon sored a bill making it easier to sentence terrorists to death, which passed an initial Knes set vote on Wednesday. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu advocated the death penalty for al-Abed, the Halamish terrorist. In July, al-Abed stabbed three family members to death in their home as they were eating Shabbat dinner. The military advocate general may seek the death penalty, but is not in this case, instead requesting four consecutive life sentences for al-Abed. Only one person has been sentenced to death in Israeli history: Adolf Eichmann, an architect of the Holocaust. Oren told JTA that he is ambivalent about a bill mandating that terrorists receive the death penalty, but said that shoot to kill would solve the problem and would be supported by most Israelis. That should be the stand ing order if you see someone in the midst of a terror attack, he told JTA. Israelis them selves dont understand this notion of neutralization. During the stabbings there hasnt been a big outcry over We should be trying to save these guys. 205 North Street Longwood, FL 32750 www.elegantprinting.net Bring in this ad and receive 18% DiscountInvitations & AnnouncementsBrochures & Booklets Forms & Letterheads Business Cards C ustom Pri nting Direct Mail Services Envelopes 407-767-7110

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PAGE 8A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 By JNS.org and United with Israel Former Beatles drummer Ringo Starr has announced that he will perform in Israel next June with his band as part of a 2018 European tour. Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band includes fellow rock leg ends Steve Lukather of Toto, Greg Rollie of Journey and Graham Gouldman of 10cc. The group will perform two shows at Tel Avivs Menorath Mivtahim Arena from June 23-24, according to Starrs website. Starrs concerts come more than 50 years after the Israeli government barred The Bea tles from performing in Israel in 1966 over concerns that the band would negatively influence the Jewish states youth. The government later Ringo Starr to Israel: I want to hold your hand apologized for the decision. Former Beatle Paul Mc Cartney performed in Israel in 2008. The announcement of Starrs Israel shows comes af ter the recent decision by New Zealand-born pop star Lorde to cancel her concert in Tel Aviv amid pressure from the anti-Israel BDS movement. Former Pink Floyd front man Roger Waters has been at the forefront of encourag ing musicians and artists to boycott Israel. However, many artists have ignored him, including Radiohead, which performed in Tel Aviv in July, and Steve Vai, who will perform in Israel in March. Rabbi Delphine Horvilleur says she wont be intimidated by hateful statements about her and threats on social media. By Cnaan Liphshiz PARIS (JTA)When Del phine Horvilleur, Frances best-known female rabbi, began appearing regularly in the media, her friends and relatives feared it would ex pose her to threats or attacks by anti-Semites. Several years later it ap pears they were only partially wrong. Horvilleurs media profile does invite hate speech and abuse onlinebut mostly from other Jews. Following a reference to Jerusalem during a television interview last month, Horvil leur, 43, has again become the punching bag of the local branch of the Jewish Defense League and a vocal minority of ultra-conservative Jews. She says they are feeling emboldened in a community that is shifting rightward and curling inward amid lingering security fears and feelings of abandonment by authorities. Stopping short of threaten ing to harm her physically, several dozen individuals have written a series of hateful statements against Horvielleur on far-right sites, Facebook and other social media following a Dec. 25 interview about Jerusalem for the France Inter broadcaster. In the interview, she said that Jerusalem should not be used a political pawn by any party although it is Israels capital. She also said the city may become a Palestin ian capital as well pending negotiations. That rather mild disagree ment with those who think Jerusalem is unequivocally and indivisibly a Jewish capital led the French Jewish Defense League, or LDJ, to accuse her of stabbing Israel in the back. On its official Twitter ac count on Dec. 27, the LDJ wrote: The scum Delphine Horvilleur proudly displays her Kapo credentials. Unfor tunately, Jews didnt have a choice during the Holocaust. But this liberal, left-wing ex crement is a disgrace to our community. DelphineHorvil leurshameful Jewess! Kapos were Jews who worked for the Nazis as po lice officers inside ghettos and camps. A far-right activist called Yosh Nakache sent Horvilleur a threatening text message warning that unnamed people would come and explain to you loud and clear to stop speaking for the real Jewish people instead of your made up liberal one, adding The more you speak out, the more escalated the reaction will be. Reviled by some of her detractors for being a woman rabbione of the recent posts called on her to return to the kitchenand by others for being a left-leaning Jew, this has been the most intense episode of incitement against Horvilleur, already a longtime favorite target for a handful of French Jewish provocateurs. Horvilleur, an author of several books on theology, is the editor of a Jewish maga zine and a married mother of three who lives in the heart of this capital city. She said she has not filed a police complaint, but is considering how to proceed. Im not going to assume a victim role here, so, yes, I feel safe and wont be intimidated, Horvilleur said. The incitement against Horvilleur isnt an uncom mon reaction in a community where many feel on edge. A wave of anti-Semitic and Islamist attacks has caused thousands of French Jews to leave and is exposing those who remain to the worst security threats experienced by their community since the Holocaust. Jews with extreme views on the right as well as the left regularly come under vocifer ous attacks by coreligionists for their perceived betrayal This happens regularly to Eric Zemmour, a Jewish historian cherished by the anti-Semitic far right and some on the far left for his defense of French citizens who collaborated with the Nazis. Or Rony Brauman, a former president of Doctors Without Borders and a pro-Palestinian activist who in 2016 said, when commenting about the stabbing of an observant Jew in Marseille, that wearing a Frances foremost female rabbi faces flak over Jerusalem stance need to be reflection on a solu tion that takes into account the attachment of everyone to the citywhich doesnt change the fact that today, Jerusalem is the capital of Israel, she told the France Inter interviewer. Following the incitement against Horvilleur, the CRIF umbrella of French Jewish communities published a statement stating that it con demns the hateful remarks against Horvilleur, adding that those who made them should be prosecuted and convicted. But the state ment did not indicate that the hateful messages were by other Jews. The Liberal Union of Jews in France, or ULIF, denounced the incitement in a statement that noted the hate speech came from within the com munity and that the Jewish tradition is unequivocal in its disapproval of such rhetoric. Nearly 2,000 people joined a Facebook group titled Sup porting Delphine Horvilleur just two days after it was created. But the Consistoire, the organization that represents most of Frances Orthodox synagogues, has not spoken out on the issue. It seems that this fringe minority suddenly is succeed ing in getting away with its actions as the still majority stays mum, Horvilleur said. That may be a result of lessons learned from the last time the Consistoire waded into an acrimonious internal debate between ultra-conservatives and an outspoken female spiritual leader to many French Jews. In June, a rabbi from Marseille harshly criticized Liliane Vana, a philologist and expert on Jewish law, for her role in organizing a seminar at a local Jewish community center that featured women reading the Torahan ac tion that some Orthodox Jews believe is sacrilegious. As the Consistoire gingerly attempted to walk back the harsh verbal attack, the event escalated into a scandal. It prompted two small demon strations by young Orthodox men and a slew of insults and threats by other French Jews, in Marseille and beyond, all critical of Vana That rather banal state ments trigger such an out pouring of hate is a sign of how intolerant our Jewish community has become to respectful disagreement, which is the essence of Jew ish democratic values and thought, Horvilleur told JTA. French Jewry is ill, and only it can cure itself. kippah is after all also a sign of a kind of allegiance to the policies of the State of Israel. But the attack on Horvil leur was different because, despite being a Reform rabbi in a community that is pre dominantly Orthodox and increasingly conservative, she is a mainstream leader of French Jewry, with strong pro-Israel credentials. Horvilleur was invited last year to officiate alongside the Orthodox chief rabbi, Haim Korsia, at the funeral of Sim one Weil, a Holocaust survivor who became health minister and one of Frances most in fluential politicians. Though it was not Korsias choicehis office attempted to down play Horvilleurs role at the funeralthe ceremony was nonetheless an interdenomi national first in France. The statements she made during the France Inter interview were no exception for Horvilleur, an eloquent speaker whose observations and wry sense of humor have helped make her MJLF Beau grenelle congregation one of the best attended in Paris, with hundreds of families fill ing the synagogue to capacity on holidays. Jerusalem is being in strumentalized on all sides today, Horvilleur said in the interview when asked about President Donald Trumps Dec. 6 declaration that the United States recognizes the city as Israels capital. Trump declared something which is an administrative reality. For Israelis, Jerusalem is today the incontestable capital of their country, but this lacks a certain broader vision. For some, she added, it became almost a theological assertion, as though Donald Trump suddenly became a pope or a great rabbi. In others it triggers the desire to contest Israels legitimacy to exist under any circumstances Asked whether Jerusalem could also become the capital of a Palestinian state, Horvil leur gave what she acknowl edged in an interview to JTA was a cautious answer. It could, yes, there would T R A V E L E R :T h e C o n c e r t J A N 2 0 7 : 3 0 P M T H E S T O RY O F A M E R I C A N F O L K F R O M W O O D Y G U T H R I E T O B O B D Y L A N & B E Y O N D P L U S A S P E C I A L T R I B U T E T O L E O N A R D CO H E N I n c l u d i n g t h e m u s i c o f P e t e S e e g e r P e t e r P a u l & M a r y J o n i M i t c h e l l T h e B y r d s H a r r y C h a p i n J a m e s T a y l o r & M O R E Phot ogr aphs b y Je anne T anner F e aturing Special Gues t Star and F olk Legend P et er Y arr ow o f P et er P aul & Mary! LIVE A T THE PEABOD Y IN D A YT ONA BEA CH

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 PAGE 9A MEDICAL ALERT Have you sufferedInternal Bleedingor other complications due to taking the drug Xarelto?You may be entitled to Compensation. COMPLICATIONS MAY INCLUDE INTERNAL BLEEDING,STROKE, HEART ATTACK,PULMONARY EMBOLISMS OR EVEN DEATH.CALL us for a FREE Case Consultation.321-274-1598Legal help is available NOW! can be purchased at the following locations: Scene Around Scene Around By Gloria YoushaCall 407-657-9405 or gloriayousha@gmail.com ORANGE COUNTY JCC 851 N. Maitland Ave., Maitland JCC South 11184 South Apopka-Vineland Rd., Orlando Kinneret 515 South Delaney Ave., Orlando SOJC 11200 S. Apopka Vineland Rd., Orlando Browns New York Deli 156 Lake Ave., Maitland Most Publix Supermarkets All Winn Dixie Supermarkets SEMINOLE COUNTY Heritage News 207 OBrien Rd., Fern Park Barnes and Noble Booksellers 451 E. Altamonte Dr. Suite 2317, Altamonte Springs & 1260 Oviedo Marketplace Blvd., Oviedo Bagel King 1472 Semoran Blvd., Casselberry Kosher Kats 744 W. S.R. 434, Longwood Central Florida Hillel 4250 Alafaya Trail, Ste. 212-363, Oviedo Most Publix Supermarkets All Winn Dixie Supermarkets VOLUSIA COUNTY Federation of Volusia/Flagler 470 Andalusia Ave., Ormond Beach Most Publix Supermarkets All Winn Dixie Supermar kets Barnes & Noble 1900 W. International Speedway Blvd., Daytona Beach Perrys Ocean Edge Resort 2209 South Atlantic Ave. Daytona Beach Debary City Hall Debary Library Vienna Coffee House 275 Charles Richard Beall Bl Starbucks 2575 Enterprise Rd Orange City City Hall Orange City Library Dunkin Donuts 1296 S Woodland Stetson University Carlton Union Deland Chamber of Commerce Sterling House 1210 Stone St Temple Israel 1001 E New York Ave Beth Shalom 1310 Maximillan St Deltona City Hall Deltona Library Temple Shalom 1785 Elkam Dr. Temple Israel 1001 E New York Ave, Deland College Arms Apt 101 Amelia Ave, Deland Boston Gourmet Coffee House 109 E. New York Ave, Deland Stetson University Carlton Union 421 N Woodland Ave, Deland Family Bookstore 1301 N Woodland Ave, Deland Deland Chamber of Commerce 336 Woodland Ave, Deland Deland City Hall 120 S Florida Ave, Deland Beth Shalom 206 S. Sprng Garden Ave, Deland Orange City Library 148 Albertus Way, Orange City Boston Gourmet Coffee House 1105 Saxon Blvd, Deltona Deltona Library 2150 Eustace Ave, Deltona Temple Shalom 1785 Elkam Dr., Deltona Deltona Community Center, 980 Lakeshore Dr, Deltona Debary City Hall 16 Colomba Rd, Debary Debary Library 200 Florence K. Little, Debary OSCEOLA COUNTY Cindy M. Rothfield, P.A. 822 W. Bryan St., Kissimmee Most Publix Supermarkets Verandah Place Realty 504 Celebration Ave., Celebration All Winn Dixie Supermarkets St. Cloud City Hall 1300 9th St, St. Cloud St. Cloud Library 810 13th St, St. Cloud Southern Oaks 3865 Old Canoe Creek Rd, St. Cloud Plantation Bay 4641 Old Canoe Creek Rd, St. Cloud Osceola Chamber of Commerce 1425 Hwy 192, St. Cloud Valencia College 1800 Denn John Ln, Kissimmee Kissimmee City Hall 101 Church St, Kissimmee Kissimmee Library 211 E. Dakin, Kissimmee Robinsons Coffee Shop 114 Broadway, Kissimmee Osceola County Courthouse 2 Courthouse Sq, Kissimmee Barnies 3236 John Young Pwy, Kissimmee Reilys Gourmet Coffee 3831 Vine St, Kissimmee Shalom Aleichem 3501 Oak Pointe Blvd, Kissimmee Books-A-Million 2605 W. Osceola Pwy (522), Kissimmee Lower East Side Deli 8548 Palm Parkway, Lake Buena Sudoku (see page 14 for solution) Museum of Jewish heritage... The Museum of Jewish Heritage is a living memorial to the Holocaust. I recently received a letter from them and pass it along in part: Who will share the truth about the Holocaust when the survivors are gone? This is a question that grows more urgent with every passing day... as fewer and fewer survivors remain to bear witness to the darkest chapter in human history. At a time when anti-Semitism and Holocaust denial are on the rise worldwide, including acts of hatred in our own country, our mission has never been more urgent. We must never forget the horrors of the Holocaust or what happens when hatred flourishes unchecked, and never allow history to repeat itself. With more than 30,000 artifacts, diaries, photographs, precious personal possessions, the Museum brings to life the horrors and heroism of the Holocaust like none other. (To find out how to become a member or support the Museum, phone 1-646-437-4334. I have personally visited the Museum. It is a most important reminder of what our people suffered.) Who knew? Not me... This information comes from The American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). I pass it along: Every year, the Palestinian Authority pays annual salaries to jailed terrorists and to the families of those who died while committing acts of terrorism against Israelis and Americans. Last year, total payments to these murder ers reportedly amounted to a staggering sum of more than $300 million. (To find out how we can be heard on this subject, phone AIPAC in Washington, DC, at 202-639-5200.) Gems & Jeans... (Is this about me? All I ever wear is jeans! Only kidding!) The Jewish Pavilion Gala honoring MARIAN BROM BERG and A. J. KRONEN BERG, will be held on Sunday, Jan. 28th, 2018, beginning at 5 p.m. at the Sheraton Orlando North Hotel, 600 North Lake Destiny Drive in Maitland. The special evening will include hors doeuvres, gourmet dinner, live music, dancing, silent auction and surprise en tertainment! Marian and A.J. are just ter rific, caring people, deserving of this great honor! (What a fabulous event planned by the Jewish Pavil ion. Phone them at 407-6789363 for more details and to RSVP.) All that jazz... Also on Sunday, Jan. 28th, the Altamonte Chapel Jazz Jams will kick off the new year 2018 with a terrific program! Super talented musician, DANNY JORDAN and his group will perform from 12:30 pm until 2:30 pm at the Altamonte Chapel, 825 East SR 436, Altamonte Springs. There is a donation of $10 to attend and all are welcome. And if there are questions, folks can phone 407-339-5208. The emcee will be our own wonderful ALAN ROCK. (This is NOT to be missed!) Shout out... I am living in Central Florida for more than half a century (although I always consider myself a Brooklynite). When my spouse and I first moved here we asked around for the best restaurant in the area and were told Lindas La Cantina Steakhouse on Colonial Drive. So we went and were not disappointed in the least. For many years I forgot about the wonderful experience, and surely, I thought, the restaurant must have closed down by now... but they are still there and still the best! My son, RON, took me there a few nights ago and we found that the manager is KAREN HART, the daughter of Al and Linda. We also were delighted to have the best service of the best food. Our waiter was ANDY TY TRAN. He is superb at what he does. (I never experienced such service! Thank you Andy.) One for the road... Rabbi Levy finishes yet another of his long, dry and somewhat boring sermons. This time, however, before he sits down, he announces to his congregation that he wishes to meet with the shuls Board of Representatives immediately after the service. The first man to arrive and greet Rabbi Levy is a total stranger to him. Thanks for coming, says the rabbi, but you must have mis understood my announcement. This is a meeting of the Board. Yes I know, says the man, but if theres anyone here more bored than I am, then Id like to shake his hand. Marian Bromberg A.J. Kronenberg JERUSALEM (JTA)Aha ron Appelfeld, an Israeli author who published more than 45 books in Hebrew and won his countrys top prize for literature, has died. Appelfeld, a Holocaust sur vivor, died early Thursday. He was 85. His most recent book was published three months ago; his books were translated into many languages. Most of his fiction dealt in some way with the Holo caust, mainly its effect on his sometimes autobiographical characters, and the begin nings of the State of Israel. He fought in Israels 1948 War for Independence. Much of his work is autobio graphical. Appelfeld rejected the label of Holocaust author, however, calling it limiting. Appelfeld won the Israel Prize for literature in 1983, and twice received the Prime Ministers Prize, as well as the Brenner Prize for literature in 1975 and the Bialik Prize for literature in 1979. He was shortlisted as a finalist for the Man Booker International Prize for 2013. He taught at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev until his retirement in 1979. Appelfeld, whose given name was Ervin, was born in the former Kingdom of Romania in an area that is now Ukraine. His mother was murdered by the Nazis when he was about 8, and he and his father were sent on a forced march to the Transnistria labor camp. Separated from his father, Appelfeld escaped the camp and hid for two yearsinclud ing in the forest with a band of thieves and in the home of a Ukrainian prostitute. He then joined the Soviet Army, where he traveled to Bulgaria. Fol lowing World War II, he spent time in a displaced persons camp in Italy before joining Ulf Andersen/Getty Images Aharon Appelfeld, seen in a 2010 photo in France, wrote fiction about the Holocaust but rejected the label of Holo caust writer. Aharon Appelfeld, renowned Israeli author, dies at 85 a group of orphaned children in immigrating to Palestine in 1946. Appelfeld was reunited with his father in 1957 in Israel after finding his fathers name on a Jewish Agency list of survivors. In Israel, he earned an undergraduate degree and a masters degree in Hebrew and Yiddish literature at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He is survived by his wife and three children.

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PAGE 10A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 Ari Weiss performing at Camp Ramah Darom in Clayton, Ga. By Josefin Dolsten NEW YORK (JTA)Mem bers of two families killed in a plane crash in Costa Rica were being remembered for their involvement in Jewish and philanthropic causes. The Steinberg family of Scarsdale, New York, and the Weiss family of Belleair, Florida, were killed Sunday when the small plane in which they were passengers went down in the Central American nations northwest shortly after takeoff. The nine victims in the families were among 12 ca sualties10 U.S. tourists and two local crew membersin the accident in Guanacaste. Costa Rican investigators said Monday that the cause was probably strong winds or mechanical problems, The Associated Press reported. People close to members of the Steinberg and Weiss fami lies spoke to JTA on Tuesday about the victims commit ment to bettering the world. The SteinbergsBruce, an investment banker, and wife Irene, along with their sons Matthew, 13; William, 18, a student at the University of Pennsylvania; and Zachary, 19, a student at Johns Hop kins Universityattended the Westchester Reform Tem ple in Scarsdale. They were involved in Jewish and social justice causes, including the UJA-Federation of New York, the American Jewish Commit tee and Seeds of Peace. William helped introduce his family to Seeds of Peace, an organization that pro motes conflict resolution, including between Israelis and Palestinians. He attended a Seeds of Peace camp in Maine in the summer of 2015, where he focused on dialogue between Indians and Pakistanis, as well as a leadership session in 2016 and a Jerusalem trip last sum mer. The Steinberg family supported the organization and attended benefit events. A fellow program par ticipant, Paul Guenther, 18, remembered William as supportive and deeply caring. He was a real mentor and supportive figure at camp for me, Guenther said. Guenther, who is not Jew ish, said that William taught him about Judaism when the two visited Jerusalem last summer. At a Shabbat dinner, William helped lead the group in celebrations, and during a visit to the Western Wall, he helped give Guenther the lay of land. He was telling me what to do so I wouldnt stick out, Guenther said. William was interested in pursuing a career in interna tional affairs and believed that conflict resolution skills could serve as a stepping-stone. He very much was think ing about working towards peace in the Middle East in ei ther the State Department or a think tank or an NGO, said Clarke Reeves, the programs and development manager for Seeds of Peace. He felt that the program in Jerusalem, the mediation and negotia tion seminar, would kind of lay the foundation for him for a lifetime of public policy and global citizenship. Irene Steinbergs efforts for UJA-Federation of New York included serving on its Scarsdale Womens Board. She raised awareness about the organizations work, participated in fundraising efforts and organized events. Irene, who previously worked as a social worker, was passionate about Israel and social justice, said Tali Strom, a senior development executive at UJA-Federation. She really was someone who wanted to make a differ ence in this world and woke up every day and did that, and did that for UJA, Strom said. She raised three boys who were basically following in her footsteps. They were an incredible family. The Weiss familyMitchell and Leslie, both physicians; their daughter, Hannah, 19, and son, Ari, 16were members of Congregation Bnai Israel in St. Petersburg, Florida. Jewish families killed in Costa Rica crash remembered for passionate social justice work Irene Steinberg, far right, at the UJA-Federation of New York Scarsdale Womens Open ing Event with Dr. Ruth Westheimer, Oct. 26, 2017. Bruce Steinberg, left, with son William at the Seeds of Peace Camp in Otisfield, Maine. Hannah Weissa sopho more enrolled in a joint program at Columbia Uni versity and List College, the undergraduate school of the Jewish Theological Semi narycared deeply about the environment. On campus she was involved in a handful of organizations promoting sustainability and hoped to double major in sustainable development and Jewish thought, said Shuly Rubin Schwartz, dean of graduate and undergraduate studies at JTS. Hannah also spent a summer volunteering at an organic goat cheese farm in Israel. She was trying to get at that deeper imperative to improve the world, Schwartz said. She really did so in any way that she could. She was only a sophomore, only in her third semester, but she was so clearly a rising star. Hannah led a group effort to introduce composting to her student dorm, recalled Jessica Jobanek, the Jewish life director at List College, adding that Hannah wasnt afraid to stand up for what she believed in. During Suk kot this year, she approached JTS Chancellor Arnold Eisen to tell him about her work to improve sustainability at the school. I actually remember be ing struck by how bold and brave she was as a sopho more student to be present ing her vision to the chan cellor of JTSin a totally respectful and appropriate way, said Jobanek, who met Hannah prior to her work at List College, when the two taught at Hebrew school at Bnai Jeshurun in Manhattan. Prior to moving to New York, Hannah spent summers at Camp Ramah Darom, a Conservative summer camp in Clayton, Georgia. Ari Weiss also attended the camp. They were really stars, the two of them, just shining bright, camp director Geoff Menkowitz said of the siblings. Its a huge loss that we are all reeling from and heartbroken from right now. As a camper, Hannah was involved with the organic gardening and sustainability program. It was one of the things that set her on the trajectory to be such an advocate for en vironmental issues and social justice, Menkowitz said. Ari lit up the camp through music, playing guitar, bass and piano at concerts. Its not an exaggeration to say he was a rock star, Menkowitz said. This made Ari a big name throughout the camp, even among those who were not in his immediate circle of friends. Its a rare talent when you have a ninthand 10th-grader that can excite the staff, the counselors, Menkowitz said. They were not politely clap ping [for] him. He had fans that were real fans. By Josefin Dolsten NEW YORK (JTA)A Jew ish camp has created a schol arship fund in memory of a family who died in a plane crash in Costa Rica. Camp Ramah Darom, a Conservative summer camp in Clayton, Georgia, estab lished a fund in memory of the Weiss family on Tuesday. The Weisses, of Belleair, FloridaMitchell and Leslie, both physicians; their daugh ter, Hannah, 19, and son, Ari, 16were killed Sunday when the small plane in which they were passengers went down in the Central American na tions northwest shortly after takeoff. Another eight people died in the crash, including a Jewish family of five from Scarsdale, New York. Hannah and Ari Weiss at tended Camp Ramah Darom for 10 years. Leslie Weiss and her sisters also attended Ra mah camps as children. The Weiss Family Scholar ship Fund was created at the request of relatives of the Weiss family. It will be used to enable other campers to experience the magic of Ra mah, the camp website said. Camp Ramah Daroms di rector, Geoff Menkowitz, told JTA on Tuesday that the Weiss children left big impressions on the camp. They were really stars, the two of them, just shining bright. Its a huge loss that we are all reeling from and heartbroken from right now, he said. As a camper, Hannah was involved with the organic gardening and sustainability program. It was one of the things that set her on the trajectory to be such an advocate for en vironmental issues and social justice, Menkowitz said. Hannah later went on to promote sustainability in vari ous initiatives as a student in a joint program at Columbia University and List College, the undergraduate school of the Jewish Theological Seminary. Menkowitz said Ari lit up the camp through music, playing guitar, bass and piano at concerts. Camp establishes scholarship in memory of family killed in Costa Rica plane crash Every day that youre outside, youre exposed to dangerous, but invisible, ultraviolet (UV) sunlight. Left unprotected, prolonged exposure to UV radiation can seriously damage the eye, leading to cataracts, skin cancer around the eyelid and other eye disorders. Protecting your eyes is important to maintaining eye health now and in the future. Shield your eyes (and your familys eyes) from harmful UV rays. Wear sunglasses with maximum UV protection. For more information, visit www.thevisioncouncil.org/consumers/sunglasses. A public service message from The Vision Council. HEALTHY EYES WEAR SUNGLASSES

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 PAGE 11A OBITUARIES Orlando Weekday Morning Minyan (Conservative/Egalitarian ), services MondayFriday 7:45 a.m. (9 a.m.national holidays); 2nd floor ChapelJewish Academy of Orlando; 851 N. Maitland Ave., Maitland. For information call 407-298-4650. Celebration Jewish Congregation (R) services and holiday schedules shown at www. JewishCelebration.org ; 407-566-9792. Chabad Lubavitch of North Orlando (O) 1701 Markham Woods Road, Longwood, 407-636-5994, www.jewishorlando.com; services: Friday 7:00 p.m.; Saturday at 9:30 a.m. Chabad of Altamonte Springs (O) 414 Spring Valley Lane, Altamonte Springs, 407280-0535; www.jewishaltamonte.com Chabad of South Orlando (O) 7347 Sand Lake Road, Orlando, 407-354-3660; www. jewishorlando.com ; Shabbat services: Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. and 10 minutes before sunset; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 8:15 a.m. Chabad of the Space & Treasure Coasts (O) 1190 Highway A1A, Satellite Beach, 321-777-2770. Congregation Ahavas Yisrael/Chabad (O) 708 Lake Howell Rd., Maitland, 407-6442500; www.chabadorlando.org ; services: Sunday, 9 a.m.; Monday-Friday, 7:30 a.m.; Shabbat services: Friday, 6:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Family service, 4th Friday of the month. Congregation Bet Chaim (R) 181 E. Mitchell Hammock, Oviedo, 407-830-7211; www. betchaim.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Am (C) 3899 Sand Lake Road, Longwood, 407-862-3505; www. congbetham.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth El (C) 2185 Meadowlane Ave., West Melbourne, 321-779-0740; Shabbat services, 1st & 3rd Friday, 8 p.m.; 2nd & 4th Saturdays, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth Emeth (R) 2205 Blue Sapphire Circle, Orlando, 407-222-6393; Shabbat service: monthly, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Israel (Rec) Collins Resource Center, Suite 303, 9401 S.R. 200, Ocala, 352-237-8277; bethisraelocala.org; Shabbat service, second Friday of the month, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Sholom (R-C) 315 North 13th St., Leesburg, 352-326-3692; www. bethsholomflorida.org ; schedule of services on website. Congregation Beth Shalom (Progressive Conservative) Orange City congregation holds services at 1308 E. Normandy Blvd., Deltona; 386-804-8283; www.mybethshalom. com ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation Bnai Torah (C) 403 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 32174, 386-672-1174; www.mybnaitorah.com ; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation Chabad Lubavitch of Greater Daytona (O) 1079 W. Granada Blvd., Ormond Beach, 386-672-9300; Shabbat services Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation of Reform Judaism (R) 928 Malone Dr., Orlando, 407-645-0444; www.crjorlando.org : Shabbat services, 7 p.m. 1st, 2nd and 3rd Fridays; 6 p.m., 4th and 5th Fridays; Saturday: 10 a.m. Congregation Mateh Chaim (R) P.O. Box 060847, Palm Bay, 32906, 321-768-6722. Congregation Ohev Shalom (C) 613 Concourse Parkway South, Maitland, 407-2984650; www.ohevshalom.org ; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Or Chayim (Rec) Leesburg, 352-326-8745; egrae@hotmail.com; services 2nd and 4th Fridays of each month at Providence Independence of Wildwood. Congregation Shalom Aleichem (R) 3501 Oak Pointe Blvd., Kissimmee, 407-9350064; www.shalomaleichem.com ; Shabbat service, 1st and 3rd Fridays of the month, 8 p.m. Congregation Shomer Ysrael (C) 5382 Hoffner Ave., Orlando, 407-227-1258, call for services and holiday schedules. Congregation Sinai (C/R) 303A N. S.R. 27, Minneola; 352-243-5353; congregationsinai.org; services: every Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Shabbat Service evert Saturday, 10 a.m. Orlando Torah Center (O) 8591 Banyan Blvd., Orlando; 347-456-6485; ShacharisShabbos 9 a.m.; Mon.Thurs. 6:45 a.m.; Sun. and Legal Holidays 8 a.m.; Mincha/Maariv Please call for times. Southwest Orlando Jewish Congregation/Ohalei Rivka (C) 11200 S. ApopkaVineland Rd., Orlando, 407-239-5444; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Temple Beth El (R) 579 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 386-677-2484. Temple Beth Shalom (R), P.O. Box 031233, Winter Haven, 813-324-2882. Temple Beth Shalom (C) 40 Wellington Drive, Palm Coast, 386-445-3006; Shabbat service, Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 9 a.m. Temple Beth Sholom (C) 5995 N. Wickham Rd. Melbourne, 321-254-6333; www. mytbs.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7 p.m.; Saturday: 9:30 a.m. Minyan, Tuesday, 7:30 p.m.; Thursday, 10:00 a.m. Temple Beth Shalom (R) 1109 N.E. 8th Ave., Ocala, 352-629-3587; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Torah study: Saturday, 10:00 a.m. Temple Bnai Darom (R), 49 Banyan Course, Ocala, 352-624-0380; Friday Services 8 p.m. Temple Israel (C) 50 S. Moss Rd., Winter Springs, 407-647-3055; www.tiflorida.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday 9:00 a.m. Temple Israel (R), 7350 Lake Andrew Drive, Melbourne, 321-631-9494. Temple Israel (C) 579 N. Nova Road, Ormond Beach, 386-252-3097; Shabbat service, Friday, 7 p.m.; Saturday: 10:30 a.m. Temple Israel of DeLand (R) 1001 E. New York Ave., DeLand, 386-736-1646; www. templeisraelofdeland.org; Friday Shabbat service, 7 p.m.; Saturday, 10:00 a.m. followed by Torah study. Temple Shalom (formerly New Jewish Congregation) (R) 13563 Country Road 101, Oxford, 352-748-1800; www.templeshalomcentralfl.org ; Shabbat services: Friday, 7 p.m.; last Saturday of the month, 9:30 a.m. Temple Shalom of Deltona (R/C) 1785 Elkcam Blvd., Deltona, 386-789-2202; www. shalomdeltona.org; Shabbat service; Saturday: 10 a.m. Temple Shir Shalom (R) Services held at Temple Israel, 50 S. Moss Rd., Winter Springs, 407-366-3556, www.templeshirshalom.org ; Shabbat services: three Fridays each month, 7:30 p.m. Traditional Congregation of Mount Dora (T) Mount Dora, 352-735-4774; www. tcomd.org; Shabbat services: Saturday, 9:30 a.m. sharp. (R) Reform (C) Conservative (O) Orthodox (Rec) Reconstructionist (T) Mehitsa DAVID JACK EPSTEIN David Jack Epstein, age 88, of Orlando, surrounded by family, passed away peace fully on Friday, Dec. 29, 2017. He was born Nov. 23, 1929, in Toledo, Ohio, to the late Belle and Emil Epstein. He graduated from Ohio State University in 1953 with a J.D. degree. After his service in the Air Force as a first lieutenant, he practiced law in Toledo Ohio for 32 years. A private pilot, an avid skier and photographer, he was also a 33rd degree Mason and High Priest of the Zenobia Shrine in Toledo. After retir ing to Orlando, he traveled worldwide with his wife and visited over 50 countries. He also volunteered for 20 years as a tax specialist for AARP. Mr. Epstein is survived by his wife of 65 years, Rach elle Epstein; his three sons, Steven, Lawrence, Richard and their spouses Cathi and Karen; his four grandchil drenSara, Adam, Maci and Marc; as well as his greatgrandson, Joseph Epstein. Graveside services were held on Dec. 31, 2017 at Glen Haven Cemetery with Rabbi Robert Lefkowitz and Rabbi Moshe Lazaros officiating. In memory of David Ep stein, the family requests contributions to Shriners Hospital for Children. Shri nersHospitalsForChildren. org. HOWARD MARK GOLDSTEIN Howard M. Goldstein, age 74, of Orlando, passed away on Dec. 30, 2017, at Health Central in Ocoee. A native of Brooklyn, New York, he was born on Nov. 25, 1943, to the late Jacob and Nancy Weiss Goldstein. Howard was a graduate of New York Uni versity and was an executive in the publishing industry. On June 20, 1965, in New York, he married the former Lynn Hochman Goldstein, his wife of nearly 52 years who survives him. In April 2016, Howard and Lynn relocated to the Orlando area from Dorado, Puerto Rico, where they had been living. In addition to his wife, Howard is survived by his son, Matthew (Joanne) of Chesapeake, Virginia; and his daughters, Rachel Telvi of Coral Springs, Fla., and Heidi (Brian) Weiss of Dur ham, N.C.; and his grand childrenOlivia, Eric, Zev, Jacob and Isabella. He is also survived by his brother, Fred, of Prescott, Ariz. Funeral services and en tombment were held at The Sanctuary of Abraham and Sarah in Westwood, N.J. Arrangements entrusted to Beth Shalom Memorial Cha pel, 640 Lee Road, Orlando 32810. 407-599-1180. JONATHAN GREENBERG, M.D. Dr. Jonathan Greenberg, age 67, passed away on Jan. 1, 2018, at Florida HospitalOrlando. Originally from Fall River, Mass., Dr. Greenberg graduated from Columbia University Medical and Law Schools. He was a dedicated and well-recognized neuro surgeon in Orlando for 25 years. While chairman of the Department of Neurosurgery he worked tirelessly to keep Jonathan Greenberg, M.D. IRA KIRSCH Ira Kirsch, age 64, of Reis terstown, Maryland, passed away in Orlando on Friday, Dec. 29, 2017, at Florida HospitalOrlando. A native of Baltimore, he was born on March 29, 1953, to David and Beverly Lieberman Kirsch and was an executive in the insurance industry. Funeral services and in terment were held at Beth El Cemetery in Randallstown, Maryland. Arrangements entrusted to Beth Shalom Memorial Chapel, 640 Lee Road, Orlando 32810. 407599-1180. ELAINE R. MARKOWITZ Elaine Markowitz, age 75, of Bartow, passed away on Dec. 17, 2017, at Bartow Regional Medical Center. She was born in Philadel phia, Pa., on Feb. 25, 1942, to the late John and Diane Gabler Rappaport. Elaine was a high school graduate and attended college. She spent many years working as a clinical assistant in an ophthalmology lab. Elaine was the widow of the late Ar thur Markowitz, who passed away in July 2015. Following their move to Orlando from New Jersey in 1997, Elaine worked as the administrative assistant at Congregation of Reform Judaism. She is survived by her sons, Marc (Diane) Ashe of Port St Lucie, Fla., and Jeffrey (Rachel) Ashe of Marlton, N.J.; and her step-sons, Jeffrey Markowitz of Marlton, N.J., and Ronald Markowitz of Maple Shade, N.J.; and her daughter, Randi (Michael) Bonner of Bartow. She was the proud grand mother of Heather, Jimmy, Quinn, Jaime, Melanie, Brandy, Brittany, Lauren and Brett. She is also survived by her brother, Bruce (Judi) Rappaport of Meadowbrook, Pa., and sister, June Posner of Cherry Hill, N.J. She was predeceased by her sister Sandra Zaslow. A funeral service was held at Beth Shalom Memorial Chapel with Rabbi Arnold Siegel of Jewish Family Services officiating. Inter ment was at Florida National Cemetery, Bushnell. Arrangements entrusted to Beth Shalom Memorial Chapel, 640 Lee Road, Or lando 32810. 407-599-1180. NETTIE NEWBURGER Nettie Newburger, age 100, of Apopka, passed away on Thursday, Dec. 22, 2017, at Hospice of the Comforter in Altamonte Springs. She was born in Chicago, Il linois, on July 30, 1917, to the late Charles and Fanny Marks Barnett. Nettie was the widow of Eugene Leroy Newburger who passed away on March 3, 2011, after 73 years of marriage. They were the owner/operator of a used food-processing equipment company. In 1972, they relo cated to Miami from Chicago and then moved to Orlando in 2002. Nettie is survived by her son, Jerome of Apopka; and granddaughter, Karin, of Forest Park, Ill. Arrange ments entrusted to Beth Shalom Memorial Chapel, 640 Lee Road, Orlando 32810. 407-599-1180. the ORMC Trauma Center open to support patients who needed critical care. An active member of the community, he enjoyed cooking for the homeless and playing classical piano in his spare time. Dr. Greenberg is survived by his wife, Dr. Myriam Garzon; and his children Danielle, Gabi, Samantha, Nathaniel, Ilana; and his granddaughter, Jordana, as well as his sisters and brother. His death is a loss to his family, his patients, and the Orlando community to which he dedicated his life. A funeral service was held at Congregation Ohev Shalom, on Thursday, Jan. 4th at 1 p.m. Interment fol lowed at Palm Cemetery in Winter Park. In memory of Dr. Jona than Greenberg, the family requests contributions to Second Harvest Food Bank, 411 Mercy Dr., Orlando 32805; Magen David Adom, 3300 PGA Blvd, Suite 970, Palm Beach Gardens, FL 33410 and the Pearlman Food Pantry, 2300 Lee Road, Winter Park 32789. Arrangements entrusted to Beth Shalom Memorial Chapel, 640 Lee Road, Or lando 32810. 407-599.1180. DR. BARRY J. KAPLAN Dr. Barry J. Kaplan, age 67, of Sorrento, passed away on Thursday, Dec. 29, 2017, at his residence. A native of Atlantic City, New Jersey, he was born on April 3, 1950, to the late Harold Kaplan and Lenore Vilensky Kaplan. Dr. Kaplan graduated from Penn State University and served in United States Navy. He lived in Houston before re locating to Central Florida. In Orlando, the family was involved in theatre and were members of Congregation of Reform Judaism. On June 23, 2002, in Houston, he married the former Arielle Benjamin, his wife of nearly 17 years, who survives him. In addition to his wife, Dr. Kaplan is survived by his sons, Raleigh and Levi; and his daughter, Layla. A memorial service for Dr. Barry J. Kaplan was held at Congregation of Reform Judaism with Cantor Jacque line Rawiszer officiating. The family requests memorial contributions to the Can tors Discretionary Fund and the Cultural Arts Fund at Congregation of Reform Judaism, 928 Malone Drive, Orlando 32810. Arrange ments entrusted to Beth Shalom Memorial Chapel, 640 Lee Road, Orlando 32810. 407-599-1180.

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PAGE 12A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 President-elect Harry S. Truman holds up copy of the Chicago Daily Tribune with a headline that jumped the gun. By Norman Berdichevsky More than a generation ago, the passion to be the first to report the news led to the Chicago Tribunes banner headline of Nov. 3, 1948: DEWEY DEFEATS TRU MAN! President Truman delighted in posing with the paper and beaming a smile from ear to ear. The Tribune had accepted as gospel the previous Newsweeks monthly cover story of an imminent Republican landslide: Fifty Political Experts Unanimous ly Predict a Dewey Victory (Oct. 11, 1948). Even worse in the history of American journalism was coverage of the Sinking of the Maine, revealed as false news by an official U.S. Navy report. Two official U.S. government investigations in 1898 and 1911 confirmed the view that the ship had been destroyed by a mine. In 1974, Admiral Hyman G. Rickover asked naval historians to undertake a reexamination of the sinking of the Maine to determine whether the cause of the explosion was a mine or an internal explo sion. Professional engineers interpreted photographs of the wreck to study the ships structure. Their conclusion was that the explosion was, without a doubt, internal, thus contradicting the earlier studies, through the use of a much more sophisticated technology. Similar catastrophically mistaken predictions, polls and analyses only belabor the point; the 1936 poll predict ing an Alf Landon victory (based on telephone calls from randomly selected telephone books at a time when the only home telephones were all landlines) for the Republicans over a second term reelection for FDR; the election call in favor of Democratic candidate Al Gore in 2000 before the polls had closed in Floridas Panhandle; the presentation by the BBC, CNN and others, of Iraqi spokesman Baghdad Bob without any editorial comment when the infor mation he presented clearly violated the elementary facts on the ground of the deep advances made by American forces into Baghdad; the film footage presented as evidence by Reuters, AP and the French television network France 2 that was pasted together to make it look like a 12-year-old boy, Mohammed Al-Durah, had been killed by Israeli fire on Sept. 30, 2000. The television news media are with heir penchant for entertainment, highlighting blood and mayhem infinitely Fake news then and now height of irresponsibility. We know now that this was almost certainly the case under the provisions of the Foreign Intelligence Surveil lance Act of 1978 (FISA) to oversee requests for surveil lance warrants against foreign spies inside the United States by federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies. The warrant was most likely procured under an invented dossier and false pretenses by FBI operators with a severe anti-Trump bias, thus further discrediting Special Prosecu tor Robert Mueller. Both the press and televised news have been guilty of many sins. In spite of all the great advances in the technology of communications, what unites them over more than a hundred years has been the rush to judgment in order to out-scoop rivals. Newspa per journalists could always excuse the need to meet deadlines with the explana tion that it was not possible to wait and find confirmation in the field because they lacked the technical eyes and ears of information gathering that would allow them to check the validity of their sources. They knew however that the readers would expect followup reporting to verify and interpret events with careful research and analysis. There is usually no curios ity or search for relevant prec edents to events. The recent near-universal criticism of President Trumps remarks stated intention to recognize Jerusalem as Israels capital usually omitted any reference to the following: As clarified by noted at torney Alan Dershowitz (see Algemeiner, Dec. 23, 2017), it was lame duck President Obama, in a spiteful act of revenge against Prime Min ister Netanyahu, who gave approval of the American abstention vote in the U.N. Security Council (much more important than a resolution by the general Assembly) in December 2016 criticizing Israel alone for illegal occu pation. This step removed the fig leaf cover that, until a final agreement to be negotiated by the parties was reached, no alteration in the final political status of the territories of the cities of Jerusalem and Beth lehem and their surrounding of the 1947 Partition Plan des ignated as an international zone, would be as legal. The December 2016 U.N. resolu tion violated that provision by declaring Israel as an illegal occupier. In this regard, Jordan was just as much an illegal occupier of the parts of the international zone it had seized and occupied from 1948 to 1967 including sites uni versally recognized as Jewish including the entirety of the old Jewish Quarter (the most populous residential area of the city in which Jews formed the largest group since 1850), Mt. Scopus, site of the origi nal Hebrew University whose foundation stone had been laid by Albert Einstein, Hadassah hospital, and the Western Wall remnant of the last Jewish temple destroyed by the Romans. All of these areas were acknowledged even by Palestinian Arab negotiators as certain to become part of Israel in a final agreement). Proclamation of the Rus sian Foreign Ministry in April of this year (six months before Trumps announcement), that it recognizes West Jerusalem as Israels eventual capital and, that at the time of a final settlement, it intends to recognize East Jerusalem as the capital of an Arab entity. Declaration by both Houses of Congress that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel in 1995 and that the embassy should be moved there. The moral weight of the many East European nations including Poland, Romania, Hungary, Bosnia-Hercegovi na and Latvia that abstained from voting as did the Czech Republic whose parliament voted to recognize Jerusalem as Israels capital and request ed the government to take steps to do so. The Czechs, more than anyone else know of the failure and worthless promises of the great powers and international organiza tions to guarantee their sover eignty in the face of threats. It also demonstrated the moral bankruptcy and disunity of the European Union whose appeasement policies and pressure on Eastern Europe to accept Muslim refugees, these countries reject. Unfortunately, much of the press, which should be more patient and get the news right before commenting, does not see a special responsibility to be a counterweight to the vi sual media. It is not interested in reviewing any qualifying relevant information to its conclusions. The role of the press has traditionally been to bring a more balanced interpretation and explana tion of the significance of the news and put it in perspec tive, but all too often, it tries to compete with television and compounds the distorted image we frequently get. The worst examples of this involve both the rush to judgment and the self-flagellating, masochistic penchant of many reporters and news teams to sell a story that uses dramatic visual images in which the man bites dog element can be exploited. Fake and sensationalist news will always have a huge audience. ally, a responsible press, which has enough time to determine whether a demonstration was simply made solely for the benefit of the media or was a spontaneous manifestation of crowd behavior, should make this distinction clear. It is clear from the many made-for-TV film presenta tions of the news where Mus lims, who are illiterate in their own languages, are carrying signs with slogans in English. Interviews with the man in the street are hardly reliable. In many third world countries, they are either unwilling or unable to act reliably for fear of retribution. Often, the camera crews are wholly ignorant of the local languages and unac companied by interpreters. Un like the previous generations of newspaper readers, reporters do not dispose of the same leisure time to carefully wade through and weigh the facts and follow-up reporting that may take days or even weeks to clarify. Another area of visual media distortion that was not so acute when the me dia was largely limited to the power of the written is now practiced universally on television by editing out interpretersalmost always an invisible person. The interpreter, frequently used in television interviews, is cut out by manipulating camera angles so as to convey to the audience that heads of state or the man in the street are actually conversing with each other or the reporter. In my one experience with the BBC at their studios while I lived in London (1993), I was called on to provide a 2-minute simultaneous translation into English of remarks made by then Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. The final segment telecast that evening reduced the coverage to 19 seconds. While the prime minister was seen on television and his muted voice could be heard in Hebrew, my voice was heard in English by viewers. I had to do four takes because the producer was not satisfied that my voice was significantly cruel enough when I used the term harsh punishment, which Rabin promised would be meted out to demonstrators committing violence against Israeli civilians or soldiers. Today, the old adage that one picture is worth 10,000 words is simply wrong. It may well be that a few words are worth much more than a misleading or fabricated picture created by digital photography or it may be that we really need 10,000 words to understand what we see and be aware of what we do not see or has been hidden from the camera. With todays computergenerated images, pictures can be made to show anything the designer wants and make it look believable. A free press should make it a sacred duty not simply to cover what is most visibly apparent to the eye but to penetrate areas where cameras are usually forbidden so as to provide analysis of the backgrounds and people behind events. Yet when Donald Trump first used the expression Fake News, he was pilloried by the media who ridiculed his assertions about Trump Tower being bugged as the worse than the printed press was in the newspaper age. The time deadline is the most com pressed to get out a story. What seems to fascinate the cameramen and the demands of their producers for a news worthy event involves a trait common to primitive societies everywherea belief in what anthropologists call sympa thetic magic that like pro duces like so that trampling upon or burning a flag (most preferably, American, British, or Israeli) or ripping apart in effigy a dummy or doll made to portray Uncle Sam, or a similar representation of a Western country, or trashing a fast food western chain res taurant like McDonalds, will somehow, through the magic of the medias voodoo, result in real life damage against the actual country, business firm or national leader. The report ers thus have no difficulty in explaining that the mob is venting its anger on its evil enemies and that their griev ances are therefore somehow newsworthy and authentic. Since Dec. 7, newspaper re porters and cameramen have been disappointed by the rela tive mild nature of anti-Israeli demonstrations in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Even more counter-intuitive has been the rise in applica tions among Palestinians in East Jerusalem to acquire Israeli citizenship during this same time period. It is often a small step for the sponsors of such events to incite the mob to try to transfer their anger to the real flesh and blood objects of their hatred and frenzy instead of rags and dolls. We thus have the most sophisticated mass communication technologies of the 21st century catering to primitive mob behavior. Ide Construction, Remodels, Additions, Handyman does most anything Available in Central Florida Area References AvailableRicardo Torres Handyman407-221-5482

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 PAGE 13A Weekly roundup of world briefs from JTA Barbra Streisand slams Golden Globes for not giving award to women directors JTABarbra Streisand criticized the sexism of Hol lywood while presenting an award at the Golden Globes, pointing out that she is the only woman to have received its best director award. Backstage I heard they said I was the only woman... to get the best director award, and you know, that was 1984: That was 34 years ago. Folks, times up! Streisand said before presenting the final award of the night for best motion picture. Streisands best director award at the Golden Globes was for the movie Yentl, in which she also played the title character. We need more women directors and more women to be nominated for best director, the famed Jew ish singer-actress also said. There are so many films out there that are so good directed by women. Later tweeting some of her remarks, Streisand added: I also would have liked to see director @PattyJenks and her film @WonderWomanFilm recognized because it shows how strong women can be, not only as characters but also at the box office. The three highest-grossing films last year were all carried by women. The Israeli actress Gal Gadot starred as the title char acter in Wonder Woman. Streisand also praised Hollywood movers and shak ers for changing the way they do business in the wake of the sexual harassment scandals that have rocked the industry. Im very proud to stand in a room with people who speak out against gender inequality, sexual harass ment and the pettiness that has poisoned our politics, she said. And Im proud that our industry, when faced with uncomfortable truths, has vowed to change the ways we do business. Actress and director Natalie Portman, who is Jewish, also addressed the inequality in Hollywood while presenting the award for best director, saying Here are the all-male nominees. Women have been nomi nated in the Golden Globes best director category only seven times since 1943, ac cording to the Los Angeles Times. Streisand also was nominated in 1991 for The Prince of Tides. Mike Pences Middle East visit rescheduled (JTA)Vice President Mike Pence will visit Israel later this month, his office announced. Pence will travel to the Middle East Jan. 19-23, with other stops in Egypt and Jor dan to meet with their leaders. In Israel on the last two days of the trip, the vice president is scheduled to meet jointly with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and President Re uven Rivlin, and to address the Knesset. He also is scheduled to visit the Western Wall and Yad Vashem. Palestinian leaders refuse to meet with Pence in the wake of President Donald Trumps recognition last month of Jerusalem as Israels capital. Pence postponed a planned mid-December visit to Israel so he could preside over the vote on a tax overhaul favored by Trump. It was believed that the vice president may have been needed to cast the decid ing vote in the closely divided Senate, but he was not as the plan passed. The original trip had in cluded meetings in Bethlehem with Palestinian Authority officials. On the newly scheduled trip, prior to visiting Israel, Pence will meet in Egypt on Jan. 20 with President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi and in Jordan on Jan. 21 with King Abdullah II. At President Trumps di rection, the Vice President is traveling to the Middle East to reaffirm our commitment to work with the U.S.s allies in the region to defeat radicalism that threatens future genera tions, Pences press secretary, Alyssa Farah, said Monday in a statement. The Vice President is looking forward to meeting with the leaders of Egypt, Jordan, and Israel to discuss ways to work together to fight terrorism and improve our national security. The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel wins big at the Golden Globes (JTA)The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel, about a Jewish housewife in New York City in the late 1950s, won best television series, comedy, at the 2018 Golden Globe awards. Rachel Brosnahan, the non-Jewish actress who plays the very Jewish Midge Maisel in the Amazon Studios series, took home the best actress award for a television comedy in Sundays awards ceremony in Beverly Hills, California. Creator Amy ShermanPalladino, who is Jewish, accepted the award for best comedy series. James Franco won for best actor in a feature comedy for his portrayal of the eccen tric director Tommy Wiseau in The Disaster Artist, a semi-fictional retelling of the production of Wiseaus 2003 film The Roompopularly known as one of the worst movies ever made. The Jew ish actor praised his longtime collaborator Seth Rogen, who had a part in The Disaster Artist, and his brother Dave Franco, who co-stars in the film and whom he called my own Coen brother. Jewish actresses such as Gal Gadot, Natalie Portman, Debra Messing and Tracee El lis Ross joined dozens of other actresses in wearing black to the awards ceremony to take a stand against sexual harass ment and gender inequality in Hollywood. The move also promoted the Times Up initiative spearheaded by several prominent actresses, and supported by hundreds more, to fight sexual harass ment, assault and inequality for women in the workplace. The initiative has raised more than $15 million toward a fund for victims in the week since its founding. Golden Globes host Seth Meyers addressed the issue and in particular disgraced Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein in his opening monologue. For the male nominees in the room tonight, this is the first time in three months it wont be terrifying to hear your name read out loud, Meyers quipped. He noted that Weinstein was not present at the ceremony, adding: But dont worry, hell be back in 20 years when he becomes the first person ever booed during the In Memoriam. Portman, who is also a director, addressed inequality in Hollywood in presenting the award for best director, announcing Here are the all-male nominees. Golden Globe winners are decided by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, a nonprofit organization. At the ceremony, the associa tion announced $2 million in grants to the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists and the Commit tee To Protect Journalists. Jared Kushners family business reportedly still making financial deals with Israeli companies (JTA)The family real es tate business of senior White House adviser Jared Kushner reportedly has continued to make large financial deals with Israeli companies and businesspeople. Kushner, the Jewish sonin-law of President Donald Trump, resigned as chief executive officer of Kushner Companies in January 2017 before taking up his White House post, but still has a stake in the family business. In May, shortly before Trumps visit to Israel, the first diplomatic trip of his presidency, Kushner Com panies received a $30 million investment from the Israeli insurer Menora Mivtachim, one of the countrys largest fi nancial institutions, The New York Times reported Monday, citing a Menora executive. The money from the deal, which was not made public, went into 10 Maryland apart ment complexes controlled by Kushner Companies, accord ing to the report. There is no evidence that Kushner was personally in volved in the deal, according to The Times, which cited government ethics filings that he is the beneficiary of a series of trusts that own stakes in Kushner properties and other investments worth as much as $761 million. Christine Taylor, a spokes woman for the Kushner Companies, told The Times that the company does no business with foreign sover eigns or governments, and is not precluded from doing business with any foreign company simply because Jared is working in the gov ernment. Kushner attorney Abbe Lowell said in a statement: Jared Kushner has not been involved in, nor spoken about any Kushner Companies activities or project, since shortly before the Inaugura tion. He has an ethics agree ment, reviewed by lawyers, with which he is in full com pliance. Connecting any of his well-publicized trips to the Middle East to anything to do with Kushner Companies or its businesses is nonsensical and is a stretch to write a story where none actually exists. Other deals that were re ported previously include the Kushner Companies teaming up with at least one member of Israels wealthy Steinmetz family to buy nearly $200 mil lion of Manhattan apartment buildings and build a luxury rental tower in New Jersey; the companys purchase of several floors of the former New York Times headquarters building in Manhattan from Israeli businessman Lev Leviev; and at least four loans from Israels largest bank, Bank Hapoalim. Sarah Silvermans birthday wishes to her nephew in the IDF bring out the haters (JTA)Comedian Sarah Silverman posted birthday wishes on Instagram to her 19-year-old nephew showing a photo of him as a baby and a photo of him as an Israeli sol dier, leading to hateful mes sages in response. This baby is now a 19 year old soldier. OY. HAPPY BIRTHDAY, @adar_abramow itz_silverman I LOVE YOU A ZILLION! Silverman said in her message posted on Saturday. Adar Abramowitz is the son of her sister Rabbi Susan Sil verman and Yosef Abramow itz, CEO of Energiya Global Capital, who live in Israel. Adar and his brother Zamir were adopted by the couple, who also have three biological daughters. Messages in response called the soldier an Israeli terror ist, a 19 year old apartheid colonial enforcement officer? must be so proud; and said: I am Palestinian and it breaks my heart to see kids forced to serve. It adds to the oppression and subjugation. I hope this young man sees humans beings all the same and chooses not to participate in the oppression. Messages in support read: soldiers dont serve the (democratically) elected gov ernment. They serve the country and protect their families. Like here in the US, our Army isnt Republican or Democrat; Looks like you have grown to become a fine young man who is serv ing your country well!; and Bless you and your nephew. You should be proud. The hateful people on this feed are pathetic. Happy birthday to a very handsome soldier! Silverman wrote in re sponse to one person who said he would be unfollowing her: go for it but he cant help being Israeli and having to serve. He isnt the govt. lets hope hes part of the solution. The post received nearly 22,000 likes. Over 100 artists sign open letter supporting Lordes Israel concert cancellation JTAMore than 100 artists including musicians, writers, actors and directors signed an open letter published in The Guardian in support of pop star Lordes right to cancel her show in Israel. The letter published on Friday also slammed the fullpage ad calling Lorde a bigot published in the Washington Post and funded by Rabbi Shmuley Boteachs World Values Network organization. Among the signers of the letter were actor Mark Ruf falo, singer Peter Gabriel, Pink Floyd front man Roger Waters, actor John Cusack, British director Ken Loach, writer Angela Davis and writer Alice Walker. We deplore the bullying tactics being used to defend injustice against Palestinians and to suppress an artists freedom of conscience. We support Lordes right to take a stand, the letter says. It also says that Boteach has nothing to teach artists about human rights. Lorde said last month she would cancel her Tel Aviv concert less than a week after it was announced following criticism by pro-Palestinian fans in her native New Zea land. New Zealanders Nadia AbuShanab and Justine Sachs the former Palestinian and the latter Jewishwrote an open letter on the website The Spinoff saying that Lordes scheduled performance in Israel sends the wrong mes sage. Playing in Tel Aviv will be seen as giving support to the policies of the Israeli govern ment, even if you make no comment on the political situation, they wrote. Lorde said in a statement about the cancellation that she educated herself about Israel before booking the con cert, but that I didnt make the right call on this one. Jewish group among 6 put on Israels boycott blacklist JERUSALEM (JTA)Is raels Strategic Affairs Minis try has placed the left-wing, California-based Jewish Voice for Peace and five other U.S. groups on a BDS blacklist. Hadashot News, the Israel Television News Company, first reported Saturday night that members of JVP, which has over 200,000 online sup porters and 70 chapters, could be banned from entering the country. The BDS blacklist has 20 organizations on it. The ministry issued the full list on Sunday after the Hadashot news report. BDS stands for the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement against Israel. The other U.S. groups on the list are: American Friends Service Committee; American Muslims for Palestine, Code Pink, National Students for Justice in Palestine; and the U.S. Campaign for Palestinian Rights. European groups on the list include BDS France; BDS Italy; War on Want; Friends of Al-Aksa; The European Coor dination of Committees and Associations for Palestine; and Ireland Palestine Solidarity Campaign. The BDS National Committee; BDS Chile; and BDS South Africa also are on the list. The groups that appear on the list are those that are working in a clear and con sistent manner to encourage a boycott of Israel and conduct a campaign of delegitimization against it, Hadashot News reported. The Interior Ministry will be responsible for enforcing the list, reportedly beginning in March. Not every person who is a member of such an organi zation or who has expressed support for such an organiza tion would be barred from entering Israel. It is reported to be limited to those who hold senior or key positions in the groups that appear on the blacklist, or important or high-profile activists. As someone with con siderable family in Israel, this policy will be a personal hardship. But I am also heart ened by this indicator of the BDS movements growing strength, and hope that it will bring the day closer when just as I go to visit my friends and family in Israel, so will Pales tinian friends and colleagues be able to return home, Rebecca Vilkomerson, Jew ish Voice for Peace executive director, said in a statement issued Saturday. Ronald Lauder praises Trump as man of incredible insight and intelligence NEW YORK (JTA)Amid a public debate about Donald Trumps fitness for office, World Jewish Congress Presi dent Ronald Lauder praised the president as a man of incredible insight and intel ligence. Lauder, heir to the Es tee Lauder Companies, in a statement Monday noted that he had known Trump for over 50 years, since the two studied at the University of Pennsylvania. The President I have seen is a man of incredible insight and intelligence. But he is not a politician and that confuses his critics, Lauder said. When President Trump refuses to speak in stale politi cal platitudes, his critics think he is missing something. But the truth is President Trump speaks to the country in an authentic and genuine way that Americans understand and appreciate. Lauders statement was first shared on Twitter by New York Times reporter Maggie Haberman, who said it was unsolicited. It comes amid the debate about Trumps mental health ignited by the publication of Fire and Fury: Inside the White House, a tell-all book about Trumps presidency written by author and journal ist Michael Wolff. On Saturday, Trump re sponded to claims he was not fit for office by calling himself a very stable genius on Twitter. Netanyahu proposes al ternative to US funding of Palestinian refugee agency JERUSALEM (JTA)Is raeli Prime Minister Benja min Netanyahu said the U.S. should transfer its funds away from a United Nations agency that deals specifically with Palestinian refugees to an other UN body that supports all the worlds refugees. Netanyahu at the start of Sundays weekly Cabi net meeting addressed U.S. threats to cut funding to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East, or UNRWA. The United States is the largest single donor to UNRWA, contributing $368 million of its $1.2 billion an nual budget last year alone. The threat to cut U.S. funding to the Palestinian refugee agency came last week, an other result of the U.N. Gen eral Assembly condemning, at the Palestinian delegations behest, Trumps recognition last month of Jerusalem as Israels capital. JTA on page 15A

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PAGE 14A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 STR/AFP/Getty Images Iranian students protesting at the University of Tehran, Dec. 30, 2017. for killing a deal that much of the world believes is work ing. Widespread revulsion at oppression of the protesters, if it intensifies, could change that calculus. Whether to waive the nuclear sanctions: The deal requires the U.S. president to do. The sanctions are renew able every 120 days under laws passed early in the Obama administration. Trump may also reimpose the nuclear sanc tions by executive order at any time. Not waiving the nuclear sanctions or reimposing them would effectively pull the United States out of the deal. We asked experts who favor and oppose the Iran deal two questions: How would the protests influence Trumps decision-making on whether to stick with the deal? And is there a connection between the deal and the protests? Heres what they had to say. The protests may be the straw that breaks the deals back. Mark Dubowitz, the director of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, who has counseled the White House on its Iran strategy, said the protests could spur Congress and Americas European allies to finally take up Trumps chal lenge in October. Thats when the president refused to certify Iranian compliance with the deal and essentially said his goal is to fix it or nix itamend the terms or walk away. Dubowitz said the protests may increase the incentive for all sides to come together and find a legislative solution. The protests reinforce the administrations view that the Iranian regime is an odious, expansionist and destructive force in the Middle East, he said. Its foreign adventurism and domestic repression must be confronted using all instru ments of American power. Richard Goldberg, a former top Senate aide who helped shape the nuclear sanctions, said it made little sense for Trump to waive them now. With people pouring into the streets crying out for a new regime, its hard to imagine how the president waives sanctions and keeps money flowing into the regimes coffers, he said. Whether you were a supporter or op ponent of the nuclear deal, nothing should hold us back from siding with the people and against their oppressors The protests are exactly the wrong time to end the nuclear deal. Dan Shapiro, who was Obamas ambassador to Israel from 2011 until a year ago, said scrapping the deal would play into Khameneis claims that outside actors are trying to influence the protests. It would undercut one of the areas where protesters are rightfully blaming the regime for squandering relief on sup porting terrorists and foreign adventurers, said Shapiro, who is now a fellow at Israels Institute for National Security Studies. Daryl Kimball, who directs the Arms Control Association, said killing the deal would be a gift to Khamenei. If Trump decides to re impose the nuclear-related sanctions waived under the terms of the Joint Compre hensive Plan of Action, he will be creating a nonprolifera tion and security crisis and providing top Iranian offi cialsparticularly Ayatollah Ali Khameneia propaganda bonanza, Kimball said. If Trump unilaterally reimposes all the nuclear sanctions, it will allow the Iranian regime to blame the U.S. for the regimes failures to address the grievances of those who are marching in the streets. Additionally, Shapiro said, it was not in the Wests interest to free an Iranian regime al ready rattled by the protests to accelerate a nuclear breakout. The Iran deal, for at least 10 years, keeps Iran a year away from a nuclear bomb. If sanctions were lifted, he said, We could be right back to Iran two to three months away from a nuclear breakout. Alireza Nader, a senior Iran expert at the Rand Corp., a think tank that frequently con sults with the Pentagon, said it made no sense to rattle the Iran deal when there were many other non-nuclear sanctions options that could squeeze the regime. Taking Iran off the list of Muslim-majority nations whose citizens are banned entry to the United States would be a signal to Iranians that the United States is heeding their plight. Another measure would be to remove sanctions on U.S. information firms doing business in Iran, Nader said. That would make sure that Iranians have access to tech nology that gets information in and out of Iran, he said. On Thursday, a top Trump administration official said freeing technology use for Iranians was on the agenda. It is absolutely a core U.S. interest that this informa tion flow into Iran and the operation of key social media platforms like Telegram, like Instagram, is preserved, Andrew Peek, the deputy as sistant secretary of state who handles Iran, told the BBCs Persian service. He also said that sanctions were in the works targeting individuals who violated human rights. The nuclear deal helped get us here, in a bad way. Deal opponents say the nuclear deal freed up cash that the Iranian regime is now using to fund its military adventurismand to repress protests. In his op-ed, Pence said the pact flooded the regimes coffers with tens of billions of dollars in cashmoney that it could use to repress its own people and support terrorism across the wider world. The nuclear deal helped get us here, in a good way. Obama-era officials sent mixed messages on the deal when it was being negotiated. Some, like Secretary of State John Kerry, hoped it would moderate the regime. Oth ers, like Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew, argued that tak ing a nuclear threat off the tablehowever temporar ilymade it easier to squeeze a recalcitrant Iran for its other bad acts. Nader of the Rand Corp. said the latter argument ap pears to have been validated, to a degree: Non-nuclear sanctions that Obama kept in place and Trump has re inforced have afflicted Irans economy, helping to spur the uprising. But the real villain is the regimes incompetence and corruption. The economy in Iran is abysmal, and U.S. sanctions have contributed to that, he said. But the No. 1 blame should go to the Iranian re gime for being corrupt. Will Iran protests kill the nuclear deal? By Ron Kampeas WASHINGTON (JTA)Ira nians are taking to the streets in spontaneous demonstra tions across the country to protest government corrup tion and a failing economy. The depth and breadth of popular Iranian anger have taken the West by surprise, nowhere more so than in Washington, where the focus on Iran since Donald Trump assumed the presidency has been on whether he would preserve the 2015 nuclear deal. Until Dec. 28, this was the calculus: Would Trump kill the agreement or be content with dismissing it as the worst deal in history? The deal forged between Iran and six major powers trades sanc tions relief for a rollback of Irans nuclear program. Now the question is whether Trump sees the demonstrations and their repression by Tehran as an ad ditional spuror even the last strawthat would convince him to pull the United States out of the pact. On Dec. 28, anti-inflation protests broke out in Mash had, Irans second-largest city and generally a stronghold of support for the theocracy. They quickly spread, fueled by anger not just at economic mismanagement but at Irans military adventurism over seas. At least 20 protesters have been killed. The feared Revolutionary Guard Corps has joined in the crackdown and the countrys supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, has sought to blame outsiders for spurring the protests. Trump has yet to say how the protests affect the nuclear deal, but he has condemned the crackdown and warned Iranian leaders that he is watching their actions. Such respect for the people of Iran as they try to take back their corrupt government, Trump said Wednesday on Twitter, his seventh tweet about the uprising since it began a week earlier. You will see great support from the United States at the ap propriate time! In a Washington Post op-ed published Thursday berating the Obama administration for its handling of Iran, Vice President Mike Pence said that additional actions definitely were an option, given the latest protests. We have already issued new sanctions on Irans Is lamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, and the president is weighing additional actions to punish the regime for its belligerent behavior and as sault on its own citizens, Pence wrote. Would those include re suming the narrow nuclearrelated sanctions relaxed as a result of the Iran deal? Pence did not spell that out, but he blamed the Iran deal for enriching the regime and enabling it to crack down on its citizens. In mid-January, Trump has two deadlines looming: Whether to certify Irans compliance with the deal: Under a 2015 law passed by a Congress skeptical of President Barack Obamas agreement, the deal requires certification every 90 days. Trump refused to certify the last time the 90 days were up, in October, effectively punting the issue to Congress. Doing so again would have the same effect; it would be up to Con gress to reimpose sanctions. Congress demurred last time because no one at the time wanted responsibility (JTA)Four current and former flight attendants have filed a federal lawsuit against Delta Air Lines alleging that the companys management has an anti-Jewish, Hebrew and ethnic Israeli attitude. The suit was filed Tuesday in U.S. District Court in New Yorks Westchester County. The plaintiffs worked on the airlines New York-Tel Aviv route. Two are Jewish and two say there were disciplined or subjected to a hostile work en vironment for their association with Jewish flight attendants and passengers, attorney Brian Mildenberg said in a statement issued Tuesday. In the suit, the plaintiffs allege that Delta management through words and deeds, operate under an express assumption that ethnic Jews and Israelis, as employees and passengers, cannot be trusted, are aggressive and inappropri ate, and engage in what are deemed to be strange be haviors by conducting prayers on the flight and requiring special dietary accommoda tions (kosher meals). The lawsuit also claims that Delta has punished Jewish and other flight attendants, including with suspension or termination, for legally shar ing their companion travel passes with Jewish individuals who fly to Tel Aviv solely on the basis of their Jewish and Israel ethnicity and ancestry, It also says Delta has punished them for being Jewish or for their association with Jews and Israelis, and has either restricted their employment rights, denied them promo tions, or subjected them to harassment and abuse, for pretextual reasons. Among the incidents cited, according to reports and first reported by TMZ, is a flight attendant who says she was fired in March because she is Jewish. While the company says it fired her because she missed a flight, the woman says she was on maternity leave at the time. In a second incident, a non-Jewish flight attendant who shared her travel com panion pass with a longtime Jewish friend was suspended without pay and had her travel privileges revoked. She alleges that it is because the friend was Jewish. Flight attendants sue Delta Air Lines for anti-Jewish, anti-Israeli attitude Delta responded in a state ment that it strongly con demns the allegations of discrimination described in this suit and will defend itself vigorously against them. As a global airline that brings people across the world to gether every day, Delta values diversity in all aspects of its business and has zero toler ance for discrimination. Deltas New York-Tel Aviv line was discontinued after the 9/11 attack in 2001 and reinstated in 2008. The airline also has a direct flight to Tel Aviv from Atlanta. Following its merger with Northwest Airlines in 2008, Delta dropped a Minnesota rabbi from its frequent flier program for earning too many miles. B1A2R3E4S5 N6O7K8I9A10 C11P12A13F14L A M E E15A R N S H16I T G17E F I L T18E F I S H O19L E T20R E A D S E21E22L S A23L24I A S E S S25A26R G E N T27R28A N T L29A B30A N O31N E A K32U G E L33 I34N T O35 T36R L B37R38I39S K E T N40S41C42 S43O S O B44A45B46K47A48E49C H O50 M51I N E52R53 D54A M S T55R A U M56A S V57A N58E S S A E59L S E L60O C A L S C61A L C62H63I64C K E N S O U65P66U67M A C68A C H E N69O O S E E70S H A71R E A S A72N N A N

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 PAGE 15A Alanna E. Cooper A hole at the cemetery was lined with cardboard boxes containing yahrtzeit plaques, tallit prayer shawls and other ritual items from the once vibrant synagogues in New Castle that merged to form Hadar Israel. Rust Belt From page 1A Bright eyed and lively, Bruce Waldman told me that he was born in New Castle in 1942, and that one day he will be buried here. His plot in the Tifereth Israel cemetery is already designated. Wald mans father also was a New Castle native and is buried here. His grandfather, who was among the New Castle Jewish community founders, had emigrated from Eastern Europe via Pittsburgh, 50 miles south. When Waldman was a boy in the 1950s, the towns population reached its peak of 48,834. At the time, the Jewish community boasted two synagogues, the Reform Temple Israel joining Tifereth Israel, with 300 to 400 active families in total. As the economy changed in the 1960s, New Castles popu lation dwindled, along with so many other Rust Belt cities. By 1990, the numbers had dipped to 28,334 residents; today the number stands at about 23,000. Those look ing for a more robust Jewish community for their children went elsewhere. Others simply moved away for better eco nomic opportunities. Wald mans two sons left for college and never returned. One now lives in Sydney, Australia, and the other in New York. Faced with shrinking num bers, the towns two Jewish congregations merged in 1997. The newly named Tem ple Hadar Israel operated out of the Tifereth Israel building and remained affiliated with the Conservative movement. The consolidation helped retain some vibrancy. Still, as the population continued to age and young people became scarce, it became difficult to gather a minyan, or quorum, for Shabbat services. Mem bers began to consider the possibility of winding down synagogue operations. We never ran out of mon ey, Sam Bernstine, the congregations president said, but we ran out of people. About five years ago, Tem ple Hadar Israel members reached out to the Jewish Community Legacy Project, or JCLP, an organization that works with small, dwindling congregations to help insure their legacies. A partnership of the Jewish federations, the Reform and Conservative movements, and two national Jewish historical societies, the JCLP helps congregations preserve historic documents, catalog and dispose of ritual objects, create oral histories and divvy up assets. JCLP says it has worked with 50 such communities and identified 100 more that meet its criteria for assistance. Bernstine cares deeply about the congregation, which helped raise him after he lost his mother to cancer when he was 9 years old. His loyalty, though, never got in the way of his pragmatism. Do you want a dignified end? he asked his fellow congregants. Or do you want the last person left to have to shut off the lights? Bernstine said his goal was to have the congregation face its own end in a respectful manner, to be in control of our own destiny. Step by step the synagogue divested of its material assets. The congregants sold the building, with the agreement that they could rent backspace from the new owners and continue to meet in the sanctuary. They donated their synagogue records, photographs and a few ritual items to the Rauh Jewish History Archives at the Heinz History Center in Pittsburgh, the Klau Library of Hebrew Union CollegeJewish Institute of Religion and the Lawrence County Historical Society. The yahrtzeit plaques posed a more delicate problem because each of them has a connection to a particular person. Members who still live in New Castle claimed their family members, and efforts were made to locate relatives of those who grew up in New Castle but were now scattered across the country. Whoever took control had to face the question of what to do with the plaques. I am not going to throw them out, but I dont want them hanging in my living room, one woman told me, speaking about her parents plaques. She placed them in a box and keeps them in her basement. Alan Samuels took his parents plaques to the cemetery and affixed them into their headstones. Temple Hadars nine Torah scrolls went to congregations across the world to help those struggling to get by and rein vigorate others. One went to the new Progressive congre gation Beit Centrum Ki Tov in Warsaw and another was sent to a tiny community in Indo nesia that recently revived its connection to the Jewish world. One went to a Houston congregation that suffered damage in the recent floods. Other recipients included a Reconstructionist congrega tion in Cleveland, a Reform temple in South Carolina and three summer camps. Next month, the last re maining scroll will be donated to the Hillel Jewish University Center of Pittsburgh amid a weekend of festivities. Even with the great care to find a home for each ritual object, some remained or phaned. Among them were prayer books, prayer shawls, curtains for the Torah ark and many unclaimed yahrtz eit plaques. Rather than dispose of them, a burial was planned. On Dec. 30, the members of Temple Hadar Israel held prayer services in their sanc tuary for the last time. Every person was called to recite a blessing during the Torah readingan honor known as aliyahand people offered reflections at the final kiddush lunch. The following day, congregants drove through the snowy cemetery grounds to the pit that held the last of their items. Their part-time rabbi, Howard Stein of Pitts burgh, was not in attendance, as his own father had passed away the day before. I attended as part of my research into what congregations do with their material objects when they merge, downsize or shut down. A few weeks prior, Stein told me that his plan was to conduct the ceremony like a funeral. In his absence, the event was brief, ad hoc and raw. One man read a passage about the Cairo geniza, a famed storehouse of centu ries of damaged Jewish texts and ritual objects. Another man spoke about honoring the word of God in the same way that we honor a deceased person. The ground was too cold to shovel dirt. Instead, congre gants took hold of a few final itemsincluding the prayer books that had been used for Shabbat services the day beforeand together tossed them into the hole. To close the ceremony, Eric Lidji, director of the Rauh Jewish History Program and Archives, offered a few words of reflection on the verse from Ecclesiastes: There is a time for scattering stones and a time for gathering stones. Although Temple Hadar Israel has disbanded, Lidji explained, its stones have been gathered in the archives and here, too, in the cemetery. These are big things that say we are here and we be long here, he said. The mark ers convey that everything that happened here matters, and will continue to matter. As Lidji concluded, some one in the huddled group spoke up. Shall we say Kaddish? this person asked, referring to the Mourners Prayer. Their prayer books were in the pit, but everyone seemed to know the words by heart. They recited the prayer to gether, memorializing their shared past, their last act as a congregation. Final hugs were exchanged as the group dispersed with lowered heads. They returned to their cars, driving in a procession up the snowy hill and out of the cemetery. Alanna E. Cooper is direc tor of Jewish Lifelong Learn ing at Case Western Reserve University and an adjunct assistant professor in its Department of Anthropology. Temple Israel From page 1A Immigration From page 1A and directed the Cultural Arts program. Glaser performs for a wide array of audiences, from those in the Reform and Conserva tive movements to the Modern director of Nefesh BNefesh. The nonprofit organization works with Israels Ministry of Aliyah and Integration, The Jewish Agency for Israel, Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael (KKL) and JNF-USA to facili tate Jewish immigration to Israel from the United States, Canada and Great Britain. Over the last year, there has been a rise in the num ber of single, non-Orthodox young adults moving to Tel Aviv, Fass said. About 65 percent of Americans and Canadians immigrating to Israel as families consider themselves Orthodox, while approximately 60 percent of single olim are non-Ortho dox, he noted. Most immigrants move to locales with strong Englishspeaking communities, such as Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Mo diin, Beit Shemesh and Raa nana. But a growing number are finding homes elsewhere. In 2017, Nefesh BNefesh launched Go Beyond, an initiative organized in part nership with KKL to encour age new immigrants to settle in Israels less densely popu lated northern and southern regions. Hundreds answered the call. All told, last years 3,633 ar rivals from North America ranging in age from 5 weeks to 102 yearsincluded 377 families, 677 children, 358 Israeli soldiers, 54 doctors and 16 psychologists. Broken down by state and province, they came mostly (in de scending order) from New York, California, New Jersey, Florida, Ontario, Maryland and Quebec. Then there were those who, like Betsy and Michel Messeca of Albuquerque, New Mexico, hail from places not known for having large Jewish com munities. Betsy, 72, is a fifth-gen eration New Mexican whose German Jewish ancestors settled in the Southwest in the 1860s. Michel, 76, was born in Cairo, left Egypt in 1957 and moved to France. The couple met in Paris. Upon retirement, they moved to Albuquerque. Then, in the waning days of 2017, they picked up once more and moved to Raanana. The years last aliyah flight also included Aviya Johnson, a 40-year-old African-Amer ican school nurse from Oak land, California. A longtime member of Congregation Bnai Israel in nearby Vallejo, Johnson said she decided to make aliyah with her daugh ter, Shmira, because in America, there are so many things that hinder us as Jews, so many barriers wrapped around our daily lives. Johnson plans to live in Karmiel, a northern town. Among the other popular des tinations in northern Israel in 2017 were Safed, Zichron Yaakov and Tiberias. The top choices for those settling in the south were Beersheba, Ashkelon, Eilat, Ofakim and Mitzpe Ramon. We want to make sure individuals in the Diaspora know there are options and real opportunities in areas that they might not have explored, Fass said. He noted that smaller towns in northern and southern Israel are far more af fordable than Tel Aviv or Jerusalem. Since its founding in 2002, Nefesh BNefesh has brought nearly 55,000 peo ple to Israel from the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. Decembers most recent arrivals included Phyllis Zur and her Israeli-born husband, Nitzan, of West Orange, New Jersey. I had a lifelong dream to become a citizen of Israel, Phyllis Zur said. Its taken me until now, at age 72, to realize it. I believe Israel is the insurance policy of the Jew ish people, she added while waiting for her luggage. I want to be an example to my grandchildren. This article was spon sored by and produced in partnership with Nefesh BNefesh, which in coopera tion with Israels Ministry of Aliyah, The Jewish Agency, KKL and JNF-USA is mini mizing the professional, logistical and social obstacles of aliyah, and has brought over 50,000 olim from North America and the United King dom in the past 15 years. This article was produced by JTAs native content team. Orthodox and Chassidim. He has performed at the top Jewish national conventions including General Assembly, Limmid, Central Conference of American Rabbis, Coalition for Advancement of Jewish Education, Cantors Assembly, URJ Biennial, Orthodox Union and Hadassah. Glaser is gifted in his work with young people. He acted as director of the renowned Yad bYad Youth Theater Troupe, music specialist at Camp Ramah, music director for the JCC Macabee Games and as music director for the Brandeis Collegiate Institute. He also frequents religious school retreats, NFTY, USY and NCSY at collegiate Hillel Houses. Glaser lives in the PicoRobertson neighborhood of Los Angeles with his wife, Shira, and children, Max, Jesse, and Sarah. Central Florida is so privi leged to see Glaser in concert this year, thanks in part to a grant from the Jewish Federa tion of Greater Orlando. Visit or for ticket purchase information. Temple Israel is located at 50 South Moss Road, Winter Springs, Fla. 32708. JTA From page 13A UNRWA is an organization that perpetuates the Palestin ian refugee problem. It also perpetuates the narrative of the right-of-return, as it were, in order to eliminate the State of Israel; therefore, UNRWA needs to pass from the world, Netanyahu said on Sunday, after saying that he agrees completely with President Donald Trumps criticism of the agency. This is an agency that was established 70 years ago, only for Palestinian refugees, at a time when the UNHCR deals with global refugee problems. Of course this creates a situa tion in which there are greatgrandchildren of refugees, who are not refugees but who are cared for by UNRWA, and another 70 years will pass and those great-grandchildren will have great-grandchildren and therefore, this absurdity needs to stop, Netanyahu said. But Netanyahu noted that genuine Palestinian refu gees still need assistance, and proposes that UNRWA funds from the United States should be gradually shifted to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, which has clear criteria for supporting genu ine refugees, not fictitious refugees as happens today under UNRWA. Such an action would presumably minimize the damage to the humanitar ian situation of Palestinians in Gaza, which could lead to more tension on Israels border with the coastal strip. Most UNRWA assistance is distributed to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. Israeli critics say that UNRWA in the Gaza Strip is not sufficiently vigilant about the uses of its facilities by Hamas and other terrorist groups. UNRWA has condemned Hamas for using its schools to stockpile rockets during the summer months, but Israel says that such discoveries often come after Palestinian civilians are placed in danger. Supporters of UNRWA say it spares Israel from respon sibility for a humanitarian crisis that would be inevitable without it.

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PAGE 16A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 12, 2018 Please join us forThe Jewish Pavilion GalaHonoring Sunday, January 28, 2018 at 5:00 P.M.Sheraton Orlando North600 North Lake Destiny Drive, MaitlandHors doeuvres, Gourmet Dinner, Live Music, Dancing, Silent Auction & Surprise Entertainment$100 per person prior to January 15th $125 per person after January 15th A. J. Kronenberg Marian Bromberg PRESEN TIN G SPO N SOR