Background materials concerning Child and family services act, 1975, H.R. 2966

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Background materials concerning Child and family services act, 1975, H.R. 2966
Physical Description:
vi, 215 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Congress. -- House. -- Committee on Education and Labor. -- Subcommittee on Select Education
Publisher:
U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Children -- Legal status, laws, etc -- United States   ( lcsh )
Child Welfare -- Legislation -- United States   ( mesh )
Children -- Legal status, laws, etc   ( fast )
United States   ( fast )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
prepared by the Subcommittee on Select Education for the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives.
General Note:
At head of title: 94th Congress, 2d session. Committee print.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 02729532
lccn - 77601505
ocm02729532
Classification:
lcc - KF3731.A55 E35
ddc - 344/.73/0327
nlm - WA 320 U543b 1976
System ID:
AA00026687:00001

Full Text






| FEB 9

Background Materials Conc-trg-

Child and Family Services Act,

1975, H.R. 2966



PREPARED BY THE
SUBCOMMITTEE ON SELECT EDUCATION

FOR THE
COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES








DECEMBER 1976





Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor
CARL D. PERKINS, Chairance

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
74IOO WASHIUGTON : 1976






















COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky, Chairman
FRANK THOMPSON, JR., New Jersey ALBERT H. QUIE, Minnesota
JOHN H. DENT, Pennsylvania JOHN M. ASHBROOK, Ohio
DOMINICK V. DANIELS, New Jersey ALPHONZO BELL, California
JOHN BRADEMAS, Indiana JOHN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois
JAMES 0. O'HARA, Michigan MARVIN L. ESCH, Michigan
AUGUSTUS F. HAWKINS, California EDWIN D. ESHLEMAN, Pennsylvania
WILLIAM D. FORD, Michigan PETER A. PEYSER, New York
PATSY T. MINK, Hawaii (on leave) RONALD A. SARASIN, Connecticut
LLOYD MEEDS, Washington JOHN BUCHANAN, Alabama
PHILLIP BURTON, California JAMES M. JEFFORDS, Vermont
JOSEPH M. GAYDOS, Pennsylvania LARRY PRESSLER, South Dakota
WILLIAM "BILL" CLAY, Missouri WILLIAM F. GOODLING, Pennsylvania
SHIRLEY CHISHOLM, New York VIRGINIA SMITH, Nebraska
MARIO BIAGGI, New York
IKE ANDREWS, North Carolina
WILLIAM LEHMAN, Florida
JAIME BENITEZ, Puerto Rico
MICHAEL BLO UIN, Iowa
ROBERT J. CORNELL, Wisconsin
PAUL SIMON, Illinois
EDWARD BEARD, Rhode Island
LEO C. ZEFERETTI, New York
GEORGE MILLER, California
RONALD MOTTL, Ohio
TIM L. HALL, Illinois



SUBCOMMITTEE ON SELECT EDUCATION

JOHN BRADEMAS, Indiana, Chairman
PATSY T. MINK, Hawaii (on leave) ALPHONZO BELL, California
LLOYD MEEDS, Washington PETER A. PEYSER, New York
SHIRLEY CHISHOLM, New York JAMES JEFFORDS, Vermont
WILLIAM LEHMAN, Florida LARRY PRESSLER, South Dakota
ROBERT J. CORNELL, Wisconsin ALBERT H. QUIE. Minnesota, Ez Offcio
EDWARD P. BEARD, Rhode Island
LEO C. ZEFERETTI, New York
GEORGE MILLER, California
TIM L. HALL, Illinois
CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky, Ez Oficio
(II)











FOREWORD

Over the past year, a deliberate effort has been made in many states
throughout the country to spread false information concerning the Child and
Family Services Act.
Leaflets have been distributed alleging that the bill, which has been
sponsored by both Democratic and Republican Members of Congress, would
give a child the right to sue his parents if they required him to go to Sunday
school.
This same flyer claims that the bill would give children a legal right to
organize into the equivalent of labor unions against their parents.
The leaflet, mimeographed and unsigned by any sponsoring organization,
alleges as well that the bill would let the government take over the upbringing
of children and make them wards of the State.
These allegations are totally unfounded and outrageous falsehoods. It is
important, therefore, that the record be set straight and the false information
about the Child and Family Services Act counteracted.
Press reports on the smear campaign, such as the following, have appeared
in national and local publications across the country.
Christian Science Monitor: "The anonymous letters on which it is based
consist almost entirely of distortion and outright falsehoods. Examination
of the Congressional bill shows no section of it would give control of children
to the government."
U.S. News & World Report editorial, "False Alarm": "The bill doesn't
provide all those wild things the letter-writers fear . No such legislation is
before this Congress, or ever has been .."
UAW Washington Report: ". . Circulars and information which have no
source indicated on it have made the rounds spreading lie upon lie . It's
always hard for the truth to catch up to a lie once made."
The National Catholic Charities, National Council of Churches, United
Methodist Church, United Church of Christ. Church of the Brethren, United
Presbyterian Church and other religious groups in a joint statement: "These
charges are totally inaccurate ... to misrepresent the purpose and provisions
of the legislation .. is a disservice to all Americans concerned about families
and children."
The Child and Family Services Act would provide for millions of pre-
school children and their families opportunities, on a completely voluntary
basis, for participation in programs of prenatal care, nutrition services, day
care and early medical diagnosis for handicapped children.
Reasonable debate should be encouraged to discuss the issues posed by
the Child and Family Services Act. Any decisions reached about the legislation
must be made on the factual substance of the bill.
The tactics of deception employed by the anonymous attack on the bill,
however, have distorted the public's understanding of the measure at hand.
It is important that the deliberation of this legislation be based on the facts
and not on a misrepresentation of the bill's provisions. With this document,
accurate public information can restore debate to a consideration of the truth.














CONTENTS

Page
Foreword ____------------------- ____----------------------------------- iii
Text of the Child and Family Services Act, H.R. 2966---__.. ------------------- 3
Anonymous flyer attacking Child and Family Services bill ----------------------- 77
Selected articles and other relevant materials:
Newsweek-April 5, 1976--------------- --------------------------- 81
Harper's Weekly-March 22, 1976 .------------- --------------------- 82
U.S. News & World Report-March 1, 1976--------------------------- 85
The Christian Science Monitor-February 24, 1976.---------------------- 87
Chicago Daily News-April 14, 1976----- ------------------ ----- 88
Chicago Daily News-March 27, 1976 ------------------------------------ 89
The News and Courier (Charleston, S.C.)-March 7, 1976 ------------ -- 91
The Washington Post-February 19, 1976------------------------------- 92
The Washington Star-February 3, 1976------. --------------------- 93
Minneapolis Tribune-January 23, 1976---------------------- --------- 95
The Times-Picayune (New Orleans, La.)-January 16, 1976----------------- 96
St. Louis Post-Dispatch-December 28, 1975 ----------------------------- 97
Manchester Union Leader-December 27, 1975 -------------------------- 99
The Indianapolis Star-December 12, 1975..------------------------------ 100
Chicago Tribune-December 8, 1975------------- ---------------------- 101
Dayton Daily News-December 7, 1975-------- -- ---------------- 102
The Indianapolis Star-December 3, 1975------------------------------- 103
The Kansas City Star-November 30, 1975-.----------------------------- 104
Houston Chronicle--November 9, 1975 _-------------------------------- 106
The Washington Star-October 14, 1975----------------------------- -- 108
Letter from Senator Walter F. Mondale and Representative John Brademas to
the Washington Star-October 16, 1975 -------------------------- 109
London Sunday Times-September 5, 1976 ----------------------------- 111
The Goshen News-April 9, 1976 -------------------------------------- 112
The Sun Chronicle (Attleboro-North Attleboro, Mass.)-March 9, 1976------- 113
The Sun Chronicle-March 3, 1976------------------------------------- 114
The Riverton Ranger-February 11, 1976 .----------------------------- 115
The Tennessean-February 2, 1976------------------------------------ 116
The Oregonian-January 5, 1976---------------.-- -------------------- 117
The News-Dispatch (Michigan City, Ind.)-December 13, 1975------------ 118
The News-Dispatch-December 12, 1975-------------- ------------------ 120
The New Prague Times-December 11, 1975------.----------------------- 121
The Elkhart Truth-December 11, 1975------------- ------------------ 122
Wabash Plain Dealer-November 21, 1975.----------------------------- 123
The Ann Arbor News-November 16, 1975------------------------------ 124
The Grand Rapids Press-November 11, 1975 ------ ---------------- 125
WSBT-AM/FM/TV (South Bend, Ind.)-October 25, 26, and 27, 1975 ------- 126
WSBT-AM/FM/TV-November 8, 9, and 10, 1975------------------------ 127
The Elkhart Truth-November 4, 1975 --_------------------------------ 128
The South Bend Tribune-November 2, 1975------------------------ ---- 129
Times-Union (Warsaw, Ind.)-October 14, 1975------------------------- 130
The Baptist Message-February 12, 1976 .------------------------------- 131
Outlook (Council for American Private Education)-February 1976---------- 133
PTA Today-February 1976 .. ._---- -------------_---------------134
Washington Report (UAW)-February 23 1976-------------------------- 136
Focus on Governmental Affairs (Lutheran Council in the U.S.A.)-January 1976- 137
District of Columbia Dateline (American Association of School Administrators)-
January 1976 .---_ ......... --------------------------- 138
Baptist Standard-December 10, 1975 .. ____------ --------------------- 139
AFL-CIO News-December 6, 1975 ----- __--------------------------- 140
American Opinion-December 1975 ----_-_---_--------------------------- 141
Memorandum to all minority members of the House Committee on Education
and Labor from Martin L. LaVor, senior legislative associate -------------- 158
Interreligious statement on the Child and Family Services bill_ _--------------- 161
Washington Report (UAW)-November 24, 1975------------------------- 163
Position paper on comprehensive child care by the National Women's Political
Caucus ------------ -------------------------------- 164
Education Daily-November 21, 1975....-------.---.--------------------- 167
(V)







VI

Statement of Representative Thomas P. O'Neill, Jr., regarding allegations in the Page
unsigned flyer---------------------------------------------------------- 171
Statements of Members of Congress in response to the campaign against the Child
and Family Services bill:
Hon. Gillis W. Long of Louisiana----------------------------------------- 189
Hon. Jacob K. Javits of New York ----- -----------190
Hon. Bob Wilson of California --------------------------- 191
Hon. David F. Emery of Maine ----------_----------- -------------_ 192
Hon. Spark M. Matsunaga of Hawaii_- ..------------------ --. 9193
Hon. Frank E. Moss of Utah- --------- -- ----- ------ ---- 194
Hon. Bud Shuster of Pennsylvania------------------------195
Hon. Thad Cochran of Mississippi ---------------------------- 198
Hon. Jack Edwards of Alabama------------------------------------199
Hon. Clifford P. Hansen of Wyoming------------------------------------- 200
Hon. James Abourezk of South Dakota-----__------- -------------- 201
Hon. Harold E. Ford of Tennessee ----- -------------------- 202
Hon. Walter F. Mondale of Minnesota -------- -------------------- 205
Hon. James J. Florio of New Jersey----------- ------- --------- 205
Hon. John Brademas of Indiana--------- ----207
A selection of versions of the original flyer ---------- --------- -------- 211
























TEXT OF THE CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES
ACT, H.R. 2966


















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013












http://archive.org/details/backgmateri00unit








94 CONGRESS
1iST H. R 2966




IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
FEUvAIR.Y 6, 1975
Mr. BRADEMAS (for himself, Ms. MINK, Mr. BIEI., Ms. HIECK.ER of Massachu-
setts, Mr. PERKINS Mr. MEEDS, Mr. PEYSER, Mr. LEHMAN, Mr. EscH, Mr.
BENIEz, Mr PR r. (PRESS'i Mr. Y, Mr. MILER of Californi, Mr. HAWKINS,
Mr. THOMPsoN, Mr. DENT, Mr. DOMINICK V. I)NIELS, and Mr. BEARD of
Rhode Island) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the
Committee on Education and Labor




A BILL
To provide for services to children and their families, and for
other purposes.

1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
3 That this Act may be cited as the "Child and Family Services

4 Act".

5 STATEMENT OF FINDINGS AND PURPOSE
6 SEC. 2. (a) The Congress finds that-

7 (1) the family is the primary and the most funda-
8 mental influence on children;
(3)






4

2

1 (2) child and family service programs must build

2 upon and strengthen the role of the family and must be
3 provided on a voluntary basis only to children whose

4 parents or legal guardians request such services, with a

5 view toward offering families the options they believe to

6 be most appropriate for their particular needs;

7 (3) although there have been increased services for
8 children of working mothers and single parents and al-

9 though Headstart and similar programs have provided

10 supplemental educational and other services for children,
11 such services have not been made available to families

12 to the extent that parents consider necessary; there are

13 many parents who are working full or part time without
14 adequate arrangements for their children, and there are

15 many children whose families lack sufficient resources

16 to obtain adequate health, nutritional, educational, and

17 other services;

18 (4) it is essential that the planning and operation

19 of programs be undertaken as a partnership of parents,
20 community, private agencies and State and local govern-

21 ment with appropriate supportive assistance from the
22 Federal Government.

23 (b) It is the purpose of this Act to provide a variety

24 of quality child and family services in order to assist parents






5

3

1 who request such services, with priority to those pre-sclhool

2 children and families with the greatest need, in a nma111er

3 designed to strengthen family life and to insure decision-

4 making at the community level, with direct participation of

5 the parents of the children served and other individuals and

6 organizations in the community interested in child and fam-

7 ily service (making the best possible use of public and pri-

8 vate resources), through a partnership of parents, State and
9 local government, and the Federal (Governnent, building

10 upon the experience and success of HeadstaLrt anld other

11 existing programs.

12 AUTIIORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

13 SEC. 3. (a) For the purpose of providing training,

14 technical assistance, planning, and such other activities as

15 the Secretary deems necessary and appropriate to plan for

16 the implementation of this Act, there is authorized to be

17 appropriated $150,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

18 June 30, 1976, and $200,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

19 September 30, 1977, to be allocated as prescribed in section

20 103.

21 (b) There is authorized to be appropriated $.300. (()).-

22 000 for the fiscal year ending September :i0, 1977. and

23 $104,(,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30,

24 1978, exept that no funds are authorized to be appronpriated






6

4

1 for either fiscal year, unless funds appropriated to carry out

2 part A of the Headstart-Follow Through Act for such year,

3 or for any successor program are at least equal to the greater

4 of (1) the amount appropriated to carry out such program

5 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1975, or (2) the amount
6 appropriated to carry out such program for the fiscal year

7 ending June 30, 1976. Any such amounts appropriated for
8 a fiscal year which are not obligated at the end of such fiscal

9 year shall remain available for obligation until expended.

10 FORWARD FUNDING

11 SEC. 4. (a) For the purpose of affording adequate no-

12 tice of funding available under this Act, such funding for

13 grants, contracts, or other payments under this Act is author-
14 ized to be included in the appropriations Acts for the fiscal

15 year preceding the fiscal year for which it shall be available

16 for obligation.

17 (b) In order to effect a transition to the advance fund-

18 ing method of timing appropriation action, subsection (a)

19 shall apply notwithstanding that its initial application will

20 result in the enactment in the same year (whether in the

21 same appropriation Act or otherwise) of two separate ap-

22 propriations, one for the then current fiscal year and one for

23 the succeeding fiscal year.





7

5

1 TITLE I-CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICE

2 PROGRAMS
3 OFFICE OF CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES; SPECIAL

4 COORDINATING COUNCIL
5 SEC. 101. (a) The Secretary shall take all necessary

6 action to coordinate child and family service programs
7 under his jurisdiction. To this end, he shall establish and

8 maintain within the Office.of the Secretary of the Depart-
9 ment of Health, Education, and Welfare an Office of Child

10 and Family Services administered by a Director appointed by
11 the President with the advice and consent of the Senate,

12 which office shall assume the responsibility of the Office

13 of Child Development and shall be the principal agency of
14 the Department for the administration of this Act.
15 (b) A Child and Family Services Coordinating Council,

16 consisting of the Director of the Office of Child and Family
17 Services established under subsection (a) (who shall serve
18 as chairperson), and representatives from the Federal agen-

19 cies administering the Social Security Act and the Elemen-
20 tary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 and from the
21 National Institute of Education, the National Institute of
22 Mental Health, the National Institute of Child Health and
23 Human Development, Community Services Administration,






8

6

1 the Department of Labor, and other appropriate agencies,

2 shall meet on a regular basis, as they may deem necessary,

3 in order to assure coordination of child and family service

4 activities under their respective jurisdictions so as to assure-

5 (1) maximum use of available resources through

6 the prevention of duplication of activities;

7 (2) a division of labor, insofar as is compatible

8 with the purposes of each of the agencies or authori-

9 ties specified in this paragraph, to assure maximum

10 progress toward the achievement of the purposes of this

11 Act;

12 (3) the establishment and maintenance of pro-

13 cedures to insure that each office or agency of the Fed-

14 eral Government conducting child and family services

15 and related activities is aware of the administrative

16 actions of other offices or agencies with respect to the

17 provision of financial assistance to eligible applicants;

18 and

19 (4) recommendation of priorities for federally

20 funded research and development activities related to

21 the purposes of this Act.

22 USE OF FUNDS

23 SEC. 102. (a) The Secretary of Health, Education, and

24 Welfare through the Office of Child and Family Services,

25 shall provide financial assistance for carrying out child and






9

7

1 family service programs for children and their families

2 under this title to prime sponsors (including educational
3 agencies) and to other public and private nonprofit agencies
4 and organizations pursuant to applications and plans ap-
5 proved in accordance with the provisions of this title.

6 (b) Funds available for this title may be used (in
7 accordance with approved applications and plans) for the

8 following services and activities:

9 (1) planning and developing child and family
10 service programs;

11 (2) establishing, maintaining, and operating child
12 and family service programs, which may include-

13 (A) part-day or full-day child care programs,
14 in the child's own home, in group homes, or in
15 other child care facilities, which provide educa-
16 tional, health, nutritional, and social services di-
17 rected toward enabling children participating in

18 the program to attain their maximum potential;

19 (B) other health, social, recreational, and edu-
20 cational programs designed to meet the special needs

21 of children and families including before- and after-
22 school and summer programs; school services, and
23 education, and consultation for parents, other family
24 members functioning in the capacity of parents,

25 youth, and prospective and expectant parents who






10

8

1 request assistance in meeting the needs of their

2 children;

3 (C) social services including information, con-

4 sultation and referral, to families that request such

5 services to help them determine the appropriateness

6 of child and family services and the possibility of

7 alternative plans;

8 (D) (i) prenatal and other medical care, in-
9 cluding services to expectant mothers who cannot

10 afford such services, designed to help reduce malnu-

11 trition, infant and maternal mortality, and the inci-

12 dence of mental retardation and other handicapping

13 conditions, and (ii) post partum and other medical

14 services to recent mothers;

15 (E) programs designed (i) to meet the special
16 needs of ethnic groups, including minority groups,

17 Indian, and migrant children, as well as children

18 from families with special language needs, and (ii)

19 to meet the needs of all children to understand the
20 history and cultural backgrounds of ethnic groups

21 including minority groups which belong to their
22 communities and the role of members of such groups

23 in the history and cultural development of the
24 Nation and the region in which they reside;
25 (F) food and nutritional services;






11

9

1 (G) diagnosis, identification, and treatment of

2 visual, hearing, speech, medical, dental, nutritional,

3 and other physical, mental, psychological, and emo-

4 tional barriers to full participation in child and

5 family service programs;

6 (H ) special activities designed to identify and

7 ameliorate identified physical, mental, and emo-

8 tional handicaps and special learning disabilities as

9 an incorporated part of programs conducted under

10 this title;

11 (I) programs designed to extend child and

12 family service gains (particularly parent participa-

13 tion) into kindergarten and early primary grades,

14 in cooperation with local educational agencies;

15 (J) other such services and activities as the

16 Secretary deems appropriate in furtherance of the

17 purposes of the Act;

18 (3) rental, lease or lease-purchase, mortgage amor-

19 tization payments, remodeling, renovation, alteration,

20 acquisition and maintenance of necessary equipment aiid

21 supplies, and to the extent authorized in section 110,

22 construction or acquisition of facilities, including mobile

23 facilities;

24 (4) preservice and inservice education and training


I7S-4A 0 2, .2






12

10

1 for professional and paraprofessional personnel, includ-

2 ing parents and volunteers, especially education and
3 training for career development and advancement;

4 (5) staff and other administrative expenses of child
5 and family service councils established and operated in

6 accordance with section 105, and of project policy com-
7 mittees established and operated in accordance with sec-

8 tion 107; and

9 (6) dissemination of information in the functional
10 language of those to be served to assure that parents are

11 well informed of child and family service programs avail-

12 able to them and may participate in such programs.

13 (c) Assistance under this title shall be made only for a

14 program which-

15 (1) provides for establishing and maintaining a
16 parent policy committee, to be composed of parents of
17 children served by such program, which shall directly

18 participate in the development and operation of such

19 program (as described in section 107),

20 (2) provides for the regular and frequent dissemi-
21 nation of information to assure that parents of children

22 served by such program are fully informed of program

23 activities, and

24 (3) provides for regular consultation with the par-
25 ents of each child regarding their child or children's de-





13

11

1 velopment, with ample opportunity for such parents to

2 observe and participate in their child's activities.

3 (d) Except for the priority provided in section 107, the

4 Secretary shall, in reviewing applications for grants or loans

5 for programs under this title, consider the following factors-

( (1) the need for a child and family services pro-

7 gram, as demonstrated by supporting information and

8 data;

9 (2) any prior planning which has been done in the

10 area; and

11 (3) the ability of the applicant to best serve the

12 needs of children in the area.

13 SEC. 103. (a) (1) From the amounts available for plan-

14 ning and carrying out child and family service progranms

15 under this title, the Secretary shall reserve the following:
16 (A) not less than 10 per centum of the total amount

17 available for carrying out this title, which shall be made

18 available for the purposes of section 102 (d) (2) (II) of
19 this title (relating to special activities for handicapped

20 children).

21 (B) not less than that proportion of the total amount

22 available for carrying out this title as is equivalent to that

23 proportion which the total number of children of mi-

2 grant agricultural workers bears to the total number of

25 ecnomically disadvantaged children in the United






14

12
1 States, which shall be apportioned among programs
2 serving children of migrant agricultural workers on an

3 equitable basis;

4 (C) not less than that proportion of the total

5 amount available for carrying out this title as is equiva-

6 lent to that proportion which the total number of chil-

7 dren in Indian tribal organizations bears to the total
8 number of economically disadvantaged children in the

9 United States, which shall be apportioned among pro-

10 grams serving children in Indian tribal organizations
11 on an equitable basis;

12 (D) not more than 5 per centum of the total amount

13 available for carrying out this title, which shall
14 be made available under section 104 (e) (2) of this title
15 (relating to model programs) ; and
16 (E) not less than 5 per centum of the total amount
17 available for carrying out this title, for the purposes of

18 section 203 of this Act.

19 (2) The Secretary shall allocate the remainder of the
20 amounts available for this title (except for funds made avail-
21 able under section 3 (c) of this Act) among the States,

22 and within the States among local areas, so as to provide.
23 to the extent practicable, for the geographical distribution

24 of such remainder in such a manner that-
25 (A) 50 per centum thereof shall be apportioned





15

13

1 among the States, and within each State among local

2 areas, in proportion to the relative number of economi-
3 cally disadvantaged children in each State and local area,

4 respectively;

5 (B) 25 per centum thereof shall be apportioned

6 among the States, and within each State among local
7 areas, in proportion to the relative number of children

8 through age five in each State and local area, respec-
9 tively; and

10 (C) 25 per centum thereof shall be apportioned
11 among the States, and within each State among local
12 areas, in proportion to the relative number of children

13 of working mothers and single parents in each State
14 and local area, respectively.
15 For the purposes of clauses (A), (B), and (C) of this

16 paragraph, there shall be excluded those children who are

17 counted under clauses (B) and (C) of subsection (a) (1)

18 of this section.

19 (b) Not more than 5 per centum of the total funds ap-

20 portioned for use within a State pursuant to subsection
21 (a) (2) may e made available for grants to the State to
22 carr out the provisions of section 108 of this title.

23 (c) Any portion of any apportionment under subsection
24 (a) for a fiscal yer which the Secretary determines after

25 notice to the States and local areas involved will not be






16

14

1 required, for the period for which such apportionment is

2 available, for carrying out programs under this title shall
3 be available for reapportionment from time to time, on such

4 dates during such periods as the Secretary shall fix, to other

5 States or local areas on an equitable basis, taking into account

6 the original apportionments to the States and local areas.

7 Any amount reapportioned to a State or local area under

8 this subsection during a year shall be deemed part of its

9 apportionment under subsection (a) for such year.

10 (d) In determining the numbers of children for pur-
11 poses of allocating and apportioning funds under this sec-

12 tion, the Secretary shall use the most recent satisfactory

13 data available to him.
14 (e) As soon as practicable after funds are appropri-
15 ated to carry out this title for any fiscal year, the Secretary

16 shall publish in the Federal Register the allocations and

17 apportionments required by this section.

18 STATE AND LOCAL PRIME SPONSORS

19 SEC. 104. (a) In accordance with the provisions of

20 this section, a State, locality, or combination of localities

21 meeting the requirements of this part may be designated

22 by the Secretary as a prime sponsor for the purpose of
23 entering into arrangements to carry out programs under

24 this title, upon the approval by the Secretary of an applica-
25 tion for prime sponsorship which-






17

15

1 (1) describes the prime sponsorship area to be

2 served;
3 (2) demonstrates the applicant's capability of ad-
4 ministering a child and family service program meeting

5 the requirements of this title, including the coordination

6 of delivery, of services within the prime sponsorship

7 area of other public agencies operating programs relat-

8 ing to child care necessary for efficient delivery of serv-

9 ices under this Act;

10 (3) provides assurances satisfactory to the Secre-

11 tary that the non-Federal share requirements of the Act
12 will be met;

13 (4) sets forth satisfactory provisions for establish-

14 ing and maintaining a Child and Family Service Council
15 which meets the requirements of section 104;

16 (5) provides that the prime sponsor shall be respon-

17 sible for developing and preparing for each fiscal year

18 a plan in accordance with section 106 and any modifica-

19 tion thereof and for selecting or establishing an agency

20 or agencies to administer and coordinate child and fam-

21 ily service programs in the prime sponsorship area:

22 (6) sets forth arrangements under which the Child
2 and Family Servic Council will be responsible for ap-

24 proving child and family serviceplans, basic goals, poli-
25ie, procedures, overall budget policies and project






18

16
1 funding, and the selection or establishment and annual

2 renewal of any agency or agencies under paragraph (5)

3 of this section and will be responsible for annual and on-

4 going evaluation of child and family service programs

5 conducted in the prime sponsorship area according to

6 criteria established by the Secretary;

7 (7) provides assurances that staff and other admin-
8 istrative expenses for the Child and Family Service

9 Policy Committees will not exceed 5 per centum of the

10 total cost of child and family service programs adminis-

11 tered by the prime sponsors unless such per centum lim-

12 itation is increased to give special consideration to initial

13 cost in the first operational year, in accordance with

14 regulations which the Secretary shall prescribe;

15 (b) The Secretary shall approve a prime sponsorship

16 application submitted by a locality which is a (1) city,

17 (2) county, or (3) other unit of general local govern-

18 ment, or by a combination of such localities, if he determines

19 that the application so submitted meets the requirements of

20 subsection (a) of this section and includes adequate provi-

21 sions for carrying out comprehensive and effective child

22 and family service programs in the area of such locality. In

23 the event that the area under the jurisdiction of a unit of

24 general local government described in clause (1), (2), or
25 (3) of the preceding sentence includes any common geo-





19

17
1 graphical area with that covered by another such unit of
2 general local government, the Secretary shall designate to
3 serve such area the unit of general local government which

4 he determines has the capability of more effectively carrying

5 out the purposes of this part with respect to such area and
6 which has submitted an application which meets the require-

7 ments of this section and includes adequate provisions for
8 carrying out comprehensive child care and family service

9 programs in such area.
10 (c) The Secretary shall approve a prime sponsorship

11 plan submitted by a State, except for areas in which local
12 prime sponsors have been or will be otherwise designated

13 pursuant to this section, if he determines that the State plan
14 so submitted meets the requirements of this section and sets

15 forth adequate arrangements for serving all geographical
16 areas under its jurisdiction, and that the plan-

7 (1) meets the requirements of subsection (a) of
18 this section and includes adequate provisions for carrying

19 out child and family services programs in each such area;

2 (2) divides those areas within the State for which
21 no prime sponsor has been designated under subsection

22 (c) of this section into local service areas, with due con-
3 sideration in making such decisions being given to com-

24 pactness, contiguity, and commnity of interest;






20

18

1 (3) provides-
2 (A) for establishing and maintaining with re-
3 spect to each local service area a local program
4 council composed so that (i) not less than half

5 of the members who shall be chosen initially by
6 parents who are recipients of federally assisted day

7 care services, with equitable and appropriate consid-
8 eration to parents selected by the parent members

9 of Headstart policy committees where they exist,
10 and at the earliest practicable time by the parent
11 members of project policy committees, and (ii) the
12 remainder shall be public members broadly repre-
13 sentative of the general public, appointed by the
14 chief executive officers or the governing bodies, as
15 appropriate, of the units of general local govern-
16 ment within the local program area;
17 (B) that the comprehensive child care and
18 family service plan to be submitted by the State

19 which affects each such area is developed and pre-
20 pared with the full participation and approval of the
21 appropriate local program council; and
22 (C) that contracts for the operation of pro-
23 grams through public or private nonprofit agencies
24 or organizations shall be entered into only if previ-





21

19

1 ously approved by the local program council for the

2 appropriate local service area; and
3 (4) contains assurances that any local program

4 council may appeal directly to the Secretary whenever

5 such council alleges that with respect to its portion of

6 the child and family service plan the State has failed

7 to comply with the provisions of such plan or the pro-

8 visions of the Act.

9 (e) In addition to prime sponsors designated under

10 subsections (a), (b), and (c) of this section, the Secre-

11 tary may fund directly:

12 (1) an Indian tribe on a Federal or State reserva-

13 tion if he determines that such Indian tribe has the
14 capacity to carry out child and family service programs

15 in the area to be served;

16 (2) a public or private nonprofit agency, including

17 but not limited to an educational agency or institution, a

18 community action agency, single-purpose Headstart

19 agency, community development corporation, parent

20 cooperative, organization of migrant agricultural work-

21 ers, organization of Indians, employer organization, labor

22 union, or employee or labor-management organization,

23 which submits a proposal:

24 (i) to provide child and family services in an






22

20

1 area possessing a commonality of interest where
2 no prime sponsor has been designated, or where
3 the prime sponsor is found not to be satisfactorily

4 implementing child and family service programs;

5 (ii) to provide child and family service pro-
6 grams on a year-round basis to children of migrant
7 agricultural workers and their families; or

8 (iii) to carry out model programs especially
9 designed to be responsive to the needs of economi-

10 cally disadvantaged, minority group, or bilingual
11 children and their families.

12 (f) When any prime sponsor is maintaining a pattern

13 or practice of discrimination against minority group children
14 or economically disadvantaged children, the Secretary shall

15 designate for prime sponsorship an alternative unit of govern-

16 ment of public or private agency or organization in the area

17 which will equitably serve minority group children and eco-
18 nomically disadvantaged children.

19 (g) The Governor shall be given not less than thirty
20 nor more than sixty days to review applications for prime

21 sponsorship designation submitted by any applicant within
22 the State other than the State, to offer recommendations to

23 the applicant, and to submit comments to the Secretary.
24 (h) A prime sponsorship application submitted under





23

21

1 this section may be disapproved or a prior designation of

2 a prime sponsor may be withdrawn only if the Secretary,

3 in accordance with regulations which he shall prescribe,

4 has provided (1) written notice of intention to disapprove

5 such application, including a statement of the reasons there-

6 for, (2) a reasonable time in which to submit corrective

7 amendments to such application or undertake other necessary

8 corrective action, and (3) an opportunity for a public hear-

9 ing upon which basis an appeal to the Secretary may be taken

10 as of right.

11 (i) (1) If any party is dissatisfied with the Secretary's
12 final action under subsection (h) with respect to the disap-

13 proval of its application submitted under this section or

14 the withdrawal of its prime sponsorship designation, such

15 party may, within sixty days after notice of such action, file

16 with the United States court of appeals for the circuit in

17 which such party is located a petition for review of that

18 action. A copy of the petition shall be forthwith transmitted

19 by the clerk of the court to the Secretary. The Secretary

20 thereupon shall file in the court the record of the proceedings

21 on which he based his action, as provided in section 2112 of
22 title 28, United States Code.

23 (2) The cort shall have jurisdiction to affirm the action
24 of the Secretary or to set it aside, it whole or in part. The

25 judenwnt of the court shall be suhiect to review by the






24

22

1 Supreme Court of the United States upon certiorari or cer-

2 tification as provided in section 1254 of title 28, United

3 States Code.

4 CHILI) AND FAMILY SERVICE COUNCILS

5 SEC. 105. (a) Each prime sponsor designated under

6 section 104 shall establish and maintain a Child and Family

7 Service Council composed of not less than ten members as

8 follows-

9 (1) not less than half the members of such Council

10 shall be parents of children served in programs under

11 this Act chosen in accordance with the provisions of

12 paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this section;

13 (2) the remaining members shall be appointed by

14 the prime sponsor, in consultation with the parent mem-

15 hers described in paragraph (1) to be broadly repre-

16 sentative of the general public, including representatives

17 of private agencies and organizations concerned with or

18 operating programs relating to child and family services

19 and at least one person who is particularly skilled by

20 virtue of training or experience in child and family

21 services;

22 (3) at least one-third of the total membership of

23 the Child and Family Service Council shall be persons

24 who are economically disadvantaged. Each council shall

25 select its own chairperson; and






25

23

1 (4) in establishing a Child Development and Fam-
2 ily Service Council under this section, the prime sponsor
3 shall give due consideration to the membership of child

4 care and day care coordinating bodies then existing in

5 the area to be served.

6 (b) In accordance with procedures which the Secretary
7 shall establish pursuant to regulations, each prime sponsor
8 designated under section 104 shall provide, with respect to
9 the Child and Family Service Councils established and main-

10 tained by such prime sponsor, that-

11 (1) the parent members described in paragraph
12 (1) of subsection (a) of this section shall be demo-
13 cratically selected by parents as follows:
14 (A) in the case of councils established by

15 prime sponsors which are States, by the parent

16 members of local program councils established under

17 section 104 (d) (3) ; and

18 (B) in the case of Councils established by prime

19 sponsors other than States (and by States with re-
20 spect to local program councils), initially by parents
21 who are recipients of federally assisted child care
22 services, with equitable and appropriate considera-
23 tion to parents selected by the parent members of

Headstart policy committees and, at the earliest






26

24

1 practicable time, by the parent members of project

2 policy committees established under section 107 (b)

3 (2) ;
4 (2) the terms of office and any other policies and

5 procedures of an organizational nature, including nomina-

6 tion and election procedures, are appropriate in accord-

7 ance with the purposes of this Act;

8 (3) such Council shall be responsible for approving

9 child and family service plans, basic goal, policies, pro-

10 cedures, overall budget policies and project funding, and

11 the selection or establishment and annual renewal of an

12 administering agency or agencies and will be responsible

13 for annual and ongoing evaluation of child and family

14 service programs according to criteria established by the

15 Secretary; and

16 (4) such Council shall, upon its own initiative or

17 upon request of a project applicant or any other party in

18 interest, conduct public hearings before acting upon ap-

19 plications for financial assistance submitted by project

20 applicants under this part.

21 CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICE PLANS

22 SEC. 106. (a) Financial assistance under this title
23 may be provided\by the Secretary for fiscal year 1975 and

24 any subsequent fiscal year to a prime sponsor designated

25 pursuant to section 104 only pursuant to a child and family





27

25

1 service plan which is submitted by such prime sponsor and

2 approved by the Secretary in accordance with the provisions

3 of this title.

4 (b) Any such plan shall set forth a program for pro-

5 viding child and family service in the prime sponsorship

6 area which-

7 (1) provides that programs or services under this
8 title shall be provided only for children whose parents

9 request them;

10 (2) identifies child and family service needs and

11 goals within the area and describes the purposes for

12 which the financial assistance will be used, giving

13 equitable consideration to the needs of children from
14 each minority group and significant segment of the

15 economically disadvantaged residing within the prime

16 sponsorship area;

17 (3) meets the needs of children and families in the

18 prime sponsorship area, to the extent that available

19 funds can be reasonably expected to have an effective

20 impact, with priority for services to children who have

21 not atained six years of age;

22 (4) provides that programs receiving funds under

23 section 3 (b)) w ill give priority to providing services

24 for economically disadvantaged children by reserving




78-410 0 7 S





28

26
1 not less than 65 per centum of such funds for the purpose
2 of serving economically disadvantaged children;

3 (5) gives priority thereafter to providing services
4 to children of working mothers and single parents not

5 covered under paragraph (4) ;

6 (6) provides that, to the extent feasible, each pro-
7 gram within the prime sponsorship area shall include
8 children from a range of socioeconomic backgrounds;

9 (7) provides that no charge will be made with re-
10 spect to any child who is economically disadvantaged,
11 except to the extent that payment will be made by a
12 third party;

13 (8) provides comprehensive services-
14 (A) to meet the special needs of minority
15 group children and children of migrant agricultural

16 workers with particular emphasis on the needs of
17 children from bilingual families for the develop-

18 ment of skills in English and in the other language

19 spoken in the home, and
20 (B) to meet the needs of all children to under-
21 stand the history and cultural background of minor-
22 ity groups within the prime sponsorship area;
23 (9) provides for direct parent participation in the
24 conduct, overall direction, and evaluation of programs;
25 (10) provides that, insofar as possible, unemployed





29

27

1 or low-income persons residing in cominuniities being

2 served by such projects will be employed therein, in-

3 cluding in-home and part-time enployment and oppor-

4 tunities for training and career development, provided

5 that no person will be denied employment in any pro-

6 gram solely on the grounds that such person fails to meet

7 State or local teacher certification standards:
8 (11) includes a career development plan for para-

9 professional and professional training, education,, and

10 advancement on a career ladder;

11 (12) provides for the regular and frequent dis-

12 semination of information in the functional language of

13 those to be served, to assure that parents and other

14 interested persons in the community are fully informed

15 of the activities of the prime sponsor, Child and Family

16 Service Council, project applicants, and project policy

17 committees;

18 (13) sets forth provisions describing any arrange-

19 ments for the delegation, under the supervision of the

20 Child and Family Service Council, to public or private

21 agencies, institutions, or organizations, of responsibilities

22 for the delivery of programs, services, and activities for

23 which financial assistance is provided under this Act or

24 for planningl or evaluation services to be nmade available

25 with respect to prognrams under this Act:






30

28

1 (14) provides procedures for the approval of proj-
2 ect applications submitted in accordance with section

3 107, including procedures for priority consideration of

4 applications submitted by public and private nonprofit

5 agencies and organizations with ongoing child develop-

6 ment programs;

7 (15) provides, in the case of a prime sponsor

8 located within or adjacent to a metropolitan area, for

9 coordination with other prime sponsors located within

10 such metropolitan area, and arrangements for coopera-

11 tive funding where appropriate, and particularly for

12 such coordination where appropriate to meet the needs

13 of children of parents working or participating in train-

14 ing or otherwise occupied during the day within a prime
15 sponsorship area other than that in which they reside;

16 (16) provides for coordination of other child care
17 and related programs (including those relating to man-

18 power training and employment) within the prime

19 sponsorship area with the programs assisted under this

20 Act, including procedures and mechanisms to provide
21 continuity between programs for preschool and ele-

22 mentary school children;

23 (17) provides for such monitoring and evaluation

24 procedures including licensing, inspection, and enforce-
25 ment activities as may be necessary to assure that pro-





31

29

1 grams in the prime sponsorship area funded under this
2 Act meet the applicable Federal standards as pre-

3 scribed in section 201 of this Act; and
4 (18) provides for such fiscal control and funding
5 accounting procedures as the Secretary may prescribe
6 to assure proper disbursement of and accounting for
7 Federal funds paid to the prime sponsor; and

8 (19) provides, to the extent practicable, for the
9 use of financial assistance and services available from
10 State and local government, Federal sources other than
11 those provided in this Act, and private charitable sources
12 with respect to activities and services under the plan.

13 (c) No child and family service plan or modification
14 thereof submitted by a prime sponsor under this section shall

15 be approved by the Secretary unless he determines, in ac-
16 cordance with regulations which the Secretary shall pre-
17 scribe, that--

18 (1) the educational agency for the area to be

19 served and other appropriate educational and training
20 agencies and institutions have had an opportunity to

21 submit comments to the prime sponsor and to the Secre-

22 tary;
23 (2) each community action agency or single-pur-
24 pose Headstart agency in the area to be served respon-





32

30

1 sible for the administration of programs under this part

2 or part A of the Headstart-Follow Through Act has had

3 an opportunity to submit comments to the prime sponsor

4 and to the Secretary;

5 (3) in the case of a plan submitted by a prime

6 sponsor other than the State, the Governor of that State

7 or the State Child and Family Service Council has had

8 an opportunity to submit comments to the prime sponsor

9 and to the Secretary.

10 (d) A comprehensive child and family service plan sub-

11 mitted under this section may be disapproved or a prior

12 approval withdrawn only if the Secretary, in accordance

13 with regulations which he shall prescribe, has provided-

14 (1) written notice of intention to disapprove such

15 plan, including a statement of the reasons therefor,

16 (2) a reasonable time to submit corrective amend-

17 ments to such plan or undertake other necessary cor-

18 rective action, and

19 (3) an opportunity for a public hearing upon which

20 basis an appeal to the Secretary may be taken as of right.

21 PROJECT APPLICATIONS

22 SEC. 107. (a) Funds may be provided by the prime

23 sponsor for carrying out any program under such prime

24 sponsor's comprehensive child and family service plan only

25 to a qualified public or private agency or organization, in-





33

31

1 cluding but not limited to an educational agency or institu-

2 tion, a community action agency, single-purpose Headstart

3 agency, community development corporation, parent coop-

4 erative, organization of migrant agricultural workers, organi-

5 zation of Indians, organization interested in child care, em-

6 ployer or business organization, labor union, or employee or

7 labor management organization.
8 (b) Financial assistance under this title may be pro-

9 vided to a project applicant for any fiscal year only pursuant

10 to a project application which is submitted to the Child

11 and Family Service Council by a public or private agency

12 and which-

13 (1) describes the project, identifies the children

14 and families it is designed to serve, and provides for
15 the necessary such comprehensive services.

16 (2) provides for establishing and maintaining a

17 parent policy committee composed of not less than ten

18 members as follows-

19 (A) not less than half of the members of each
20 such committee shall be parents of children served

21 by such project, democratically selected by parents

22 of children served by the project, and

23 (B) the remaining members of each such com-
24 mittee shall consist of (i) persons who are repre-

25 sentative of the community and who are approved






34

32

1 by the parent members, and (ii) at least one person

2 who is particularly skilled by virtue of training or

3 experience in child care, child health, child wel-

4 fare, or other child care services, except that the

5 Secretary may waive the requirement of this clause

6 where he determines, in accordance with regulations

7 that such persons are not available to the area to

8 be served;

9 (3) provides for direct participation of such par-
10 ent policy committee in the development and prepara-

11 tion of project applications under this title;

12 (4) assures that the parent policy committee shall

13 have responsibility for approving basic goals, policies,

14 actions, and procedures for the project applicant, and

15 for planning, overall conduct, personnel, budgeting,

16 location of centers and facilities, and direction and

17 evaluation of projects, including approval of the project

18 director and any project applications and modifications

19 thereof;

20 (5) makes adequate provision for training and

21 other administrative expenses of such parent policy

22 committee (including necessary expenses to enable low-

23 income members to participate in committee meetings) ;

24 (6) assures that services shall be provided without
25 charge to any child who is economically disadvantaged





35

33

1 except to the extent that playment w ill be made by a

2 third party;

3 (7) iprovides for tile riegular and frequent dis-
4 semination of information ill the funmtiolal language

5 of those to be served, to assure that parents land inter-

6 ested persons are fully informed of project activities;

7 (8) provides oities op tlis for the direct participla-

8 tion of parents, older siblings, and other family Imembers

9 in the daily activities of the programs iln lwhich their

10 children are enrolled;

11 (9) assures, to the extent practicable, employment

12 of paraprofessional aides and use of volunteers, especially

13 parents, older children, students, older persons, and

14 persons preparing for careers in child development and

15 family service programs:

16 (10) assures that children will in no case he ex-

17 cluded from the programs operated pursuant to this title

18 because of their participation in nonpublic preschool or

19 school programs or because of the intention of their par-

20 ents to enroll theml in nonplublic scools whell they attain

21 school age;

22 (l ) provides for such fiscal cotllol alnd fund

23 accounting procedurrets as tile primne sponsoI r shall pre-

24 scribe to assure proper disbursemlent of and accounting

25 for Federal fullds.





36

34

1 (c) A project application may be approved by a prime

2 sponsor upon its determination that such application meets the

3 requirements of this section and that the programs provided

4 for therein will otherwise further the objectives and satisfy

5 the appropriate provisions of the prime sponsor's comprehen-

6 sive child and family service plan as approved pursuant to

7 section 106.

8 (d) A project application from a public or private

9 agency seeking funds under section 104 (d) shall be sub-

10 mitted directly to the Secretary, and may be approved by

11 the Secretary upon his determination that it meets the

12 requirements of subsection (b) of this section.

13 (e) A prime sponsor may disapprove a project applica-

14 tion only if it provides to the project applicant a written

15 statement of the reasons therefor. Such project applicant

16 may submit an appeal to the Secretary requesting the direct

17 approval of such application or modification thereof. Any
18 such appeal shall include such comments, including the

19 project applicant's response to the prime sponsor's state-

20 ment of reasons for disapproval, as the project applicant may

21 deem appropriate or as the Secretary may require.

22 SPECIAL GRANTS TO STATES

23 SEC. 108. (a) Upon application submitted by any

24 State, the Secretary is authorized to provide financial assist-

25 ance for use by such State for carrying out activities for the

26 purposes of-





37

35

1 (1) establishing a child and family services infor-
2 mation program, in order to improve their quality and

3 availability, and improve the accessibility of suchl serv-

4 ices to parents who need them;

5 (2) identifying child and family service goals and

6 needs within the State;

7 (3) coordinating all State child and family services,
8 and encouraging the cooperation and participation of

9 State agencies in providing such services, including

10 health, family planning, mental health, education, nutri-

11 tion, and family, social and rehabilitative services w'here

12 requested by appropriate prime sponsors in the develop-

13 ment and implementation of comprehensive child and

14 family service plans:

15 (4) encouraging the full use of resources and facil-

16 ities for child and family service programs within the

17 State;

18 (5) developing, enforcing, and assessing State

19 codes for licensing child and family service facilities

20 within the State:

21 (6) assisting public and private agncie and or-

22 ganizations in the acquisition o.r illmprve llnt of facili-

23 tics for !" 11 )( 1"1111 wl-v1 (T10 f1* lis.
23 ties forl child and family service programs;

24 (7) assisting in the establishment of ('hild and

25 Fam1ily Service ( ionils 1and strelngtlening tlhe capa-





38

36

I bility of such Councils to effectively plan, supervise, co-

2 ordinate, monitor, and evaluate child and family service

3 programs:

4 (8) developing information useful in reviewing

5 prime sponsorship applications under section 104 and

6 of complrehensive child and family service plans under

7 section 106.

8 (b) In order to receive funds under this section, a State

9 shall establish a Child and Family Service Council as pre-

10 scribed in section 104 (a).

11 (c) Funds received by the State under this section shall

12 be in addition to any funds such State may receive under

13 this title pursuant to an approved prime sponsorship ap-

14 plication and comprehensive child and family service plan.

15 ADDITIONAL CONI)TIONS FOR PROGRAMS INCLUDING

16 CONSTRUCTION OR ACQUISITION

17 SEC. 109. (a) Applications for financial assistance

18 for projects including construction or acquisition may be

19 approved only if the prime sponsor, or the Secretary in cases

20 of applications submitted for his approval, determines that

21 construction or acquisition of such facilities is essential to the

22 provision of adequate child care services, and that rental,

23 lease, or lease-purchase, remodeling, or renovation of ade-

24 quate facilities is not practicable.

25 (b) If any facility assisted under this title shall cease





39

37

1 to be used for the purposes for which it was constructed,

2 the United States shall be entitled to recover from the appli-
3 cant or other owner of the facility an amount which bears to

4 the then value of the facility (or so much thereof as con-
5 stituted an approved project) the same ratio as the amount
6 of such Federal funds bore to the cost of the facility financed

7 with the aid of such funds unless the Secretary determines

8 in accordance with regulations that there is good cause for
9 releasing the applicant or other owner from the obligation to

10 do so. Such value shall be determined by agreement of the
11 parties or by action brought in the United States district

12 court for the district in which the facility is situated.

13 (c) All laborers and mechanics employed by contractors

14 or subcontraictors on all construction, remodeling, renova-
15 tion, or alteration projects assisted under this title shall be

16 paid wages at rates not less than those prevailing on similar
17 construction in the locality as determined by the Secretary
18 of Labor in accordance with the Davis-Bacon Act, as amend-

19 ed (40 U.S.C. 276a-276a-5). The Secretary of Labor
20 shall have with respect to the labor standards specified in

21 this section the authority and functions set forth in Reorgani-
22 zation Plan Numbered 14 of 1950 (15 F.R. 3176) and
23 section 2 of the Act of June 13, 1934, as amended (40

24 F.S.C. 276c).
25 (d) In the case of loans for construction, the Secretary






40

38

1 shall prescribe the interest rate and the period within which

2 such loan shall be repaid, but such interest rate shall not be

3 less than 3 per centum per annum and the period within

4 which such loan is to be repaid shall not be more than

5 twenty-five years.

6 (e) The Federal assistance for construction, remodeling,

7 renovation, alteration, or acquisition of facilities, may be, in

8 the form of grants or loans. Repayment of loans shall, to the

9 extent required by the Secretary, be returned to the prime

10 sponsor from whose financial assistance the loan was made,

11 or used for additional loans or grants under this title. Not

12 more than 15 per centum of the total financial assistance pro-

13 vided to a prime sponsor under this title shall be used for
14 construction of facilities, with no more than 71 per centum of

15 such assistance usable for grants for construction. Financial

16 assistance for construction or acquisition of facilities pursuant
17 to this Act shall be available only to public and private non-
18 profit agencies, institutions, and organizations.

19 USE OF PUBLIC FACILITIES FOR CHILD AND
20
0 FAMILY SERVICE PROGRAMS

21 SEC. 110. (a) The Secretary, after consultation with

22 other appropriate officials of the Federal Government, shall

23 within eighteen months after enactment of this Act report to

24 the Congress with respect to the extent to which facilities

25 owned or leased by Federal departments, agencies, and in-

26 dependent authorities could be made available to public and





41

39

1 private agencies and organizations, through appropriate

2 arrangements, for use as facilities for child and family service

3 programs under this title during times and periods when not
4 utilized fully for their usual purposes, together with his

5 recommendations (including reconmmendations for changes in

6 legislation) or proposed actions for such use.

7 (b) The Secretary may require, as a condition to the

8 receipt of assistance under this title, that any prime sponsor
9 under this title agree to conduct a review and provide the

10 Secretary with a report as to the extent to which facilities
11 owned or leased by such prime sponsor, or by other agencies

12 in the prime sponsorship area, could be made available,

13 through appropriate arrangements, for use as facilities for

14 child and family service programs under this title during
15 times and periods when not utilized fully for their usual

16 purposes, together with the prime sponsor's proposed actions

17 for such use.

18 PAYMENTS

19 SEC. 111. (a) In accordance with this section, the See-

20 retary shall pay from the applicable allocation or apportion-

21 ment under section 103 the Federal share of the costs of

22 programs, services, and activities, in accordance with plans

23 or applications which have been approved as provided in

24 this title. In making such payment to any prime sponsor,

25 the Secretary shall include in such costs an amount for staff






42

40

1 and other administrative expenses for the Child and Family

2 Service Councils and for parent policy committees, consistent

3 with limitations contained in this title.

4 (b) The Secretary shall pay from funds appropriated

5 under section 3 (a-)jfor fiscal year 1976 an amount equal to

6 100 per centum of the cost of planning, training, and techni-

7 cal assistance.

8 (1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3)

9 of this subsection, the Secretary shall pay from funds

10 appropriated under section 3 (b) for fiscal year 1977 an

11 amount not in excess of 90 per centum and from funds

12 appropriated under section 3 (b) for fiscal year 1978 and

13 subsequent years an amount not to exceed 80 per centum
14 of the cost of carrying out programs, services, and activi-

15 ties under this title. The Secretary may, in accordance

16 with such regulations as he shall prescribe, approve

17 assistance in excess of such percentage if he determines

18 that such action is required to provide adequately for the

19 child and family service needs of economically disadvan-

20 taged children.

21 (2) The Secretary shall pay an amount equal to 100

22 per centum of the costs of providing child and family

23 service programs for children of migrant agricultural

24 workers under this title.

25 (3) The Secretary shall pay an amount equal to 100

26 per centum of the costs of providing child and family






43

41

1 service programs for children in Indian tribal organiza-

2 tions under this title.

3 (c) The non-Federal share of the costs of programs

4 assisted under this title may be provided through public or

5 private funds and may be in the form of cash, goods, services,

6 or facilities (or portions thereof that are used for program

7 purposes), reasonably evaluated, or union or employer con-

8 tributions. Fees collected for services shall not be used for the

9 non-Federal share, but shall be used by the prime sponsor to

10 improve and expand programs under the comprehensive child

11 development and family service plan.

12 (d) If, with respect to any fiscal year, a prime sponsor

13 or project applicant provides non-Federal contributions or

14 any program, service, or activity exceeding its requirements,

15 such excess may be applied toward meeting the requirements,

16 for such contributions for the subsequent fiscal year under

17 this title.

18 (e) No State or unit of general local government shall

19 reduce its expenditures for child development or child care

20 programs by reason of assistance under this title.

21 TITLE II-STANDARDS AND EVALUATIONS

22 FEDERAL STANDARDS FOR CHILD CARE

23 SEC. 201. (a) (1) Within six months after the enact-

24ment of this Act, the Secretary shall, after consultation with

25 other Federal agencies and with the approval of the commit-

78-410 0 7 4






44

42

1 tee established pursuant to subsection (c) of this section,

2 promulgate a common set of program standards which shall
3 be applicable to all programs providing child care services
4 under this or any other Federal Act, to be known as the

5 Federal Standards for Child Care.

6 (2) Such standards shall replace but shall be consistent
7 with the Federal Interagency Day Care Requirements as

8 approved by the Department of Health, Education, and Wel-
9 fare, the Office of Economic Opportunity, and the Depart-

10 ment of Labor on September 23, 1968. The 1968 require-
11 ments will continue to apply to all applicable programs

12 until program standards required by subsection (a) are
13 promulgated.

14 (3) Not less than sixty days prior to implementation of
15 program standards pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section,

16 the Secretary shall submit such proposed program standards
17 to the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare of the Senate

18 and the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of

19 Representatives. Upon majority vote of either committee

20 within such sixty days disapproving such proposed program
21 standards, such standards shall not take effect.

22 (b) The Secretary shall establish policies and proce-
23 dures, in accordance with regulations which he shall pre-
24 scribe, to assure that all programs and projects assisted under
25 this Act address, on a continuing basis, the individual needs






45

43

1 of and thie appropriateness of child developmlent and family

2 service for thie very youngn and other children served-

3 (1) any prograin or project providing care outside

4 the home for very yotlng children shall be reviewed and

5 evaluated periodimcally and frequently by tile Secretary,

6 to insure that it meets thie highest standards of (jiality;

7 iand the Secretary may reserve such funds is s le deesll

8 1neceslsa frol frolnds availalblc under this Act for the

9 purilmse of evaluation, by appropriate persons, of pro-

10 gralns under this Act in order to insure compliance with

11 sulhsections (a) and (b) of this section.

12 (2) no program or project described in clause (1)

13 of this sulsection sliall be applroved for assistance under

14 this Act unless it its specificall authorized and approved

15 !bv the Secretar,..

16 () (1) l)pol determinatiIon lhat it primel sponsor or

17 project is in violation of nou or litore of thle provisions of

18 this section, the Secretary shall give imme111 diate public notice

19 of such determination to such lprimie sponlsor or project and,

20 if such voiaion or violations have not been correc ted, shall

21 commence action within ninety days (if such deterllmination

22 to withhold funds under s(ction 204.

23 (2) I'pon determination that a project is in violation

24 of one or more o oof th f this section, the prime






46

44
1 sponsor shall give immediate notice of such determination

2 to such project and, if such violation or violations have not
3 been corrected, shall commence action within ninety days
4 of such determination to withhold funds under section 204.

5 (c) The Secretary shall, within sixty days after enact-
6 ment of this Act, appoint a Special Committee on Federal

7 Standards for Child Care, which shall include parents of

8 children enrolled in Headstart and child care programs,

9 representatives of public and private agencies and organiza-

10 tions administering such programs, specialists, and other

11 public and private providers of child and family services,
12 individuals engaged in licensing activities, and others in-

13 terested in services for children. Not less than one-half of

14 the membership of the committee shall consist of parents of
15 children participating in programs conducted under title I

16 of this Act and part A of the Headstart-Follow Through
17 Act and title IV-A of the Social Security Act, or other

18 public programs providing child and family services. Such
19 committee shall participate in the development of Federal

20 Standards for child care and modifications thereof as pro-
21 vided in subsection (a).

22 (d) In no event shall any prime sponsor or program
23 or project receiving assistance under this Act reduce the
24 quality of services provided under this Act below the stand-
25 ards established in this section.





47

45

1 DEVELOPMENT OF UNIFORM CODE FOR FACILITIES

2 SEc. 202. (a) The Secretary shall, within sixty days
3 after the date of enactment of this Act, appoint a special

4 committee to develop a uniform minimum code for facilities,

5 to be used in licensing child and family services facilities.

6 Such standards shall deal principally with these matters essen-

7 tial to the health, safety, and physical comfort of the children

8 and the relationship of such matters to the Federal Stand-

9 ards for child care developed under section 201.

10 (b) The special committee appointed under this section

11 shall include parents of children enrolled in comprehensive
12 child services programs and representatives of State and local

13 licensing agencies, public health officials, fire prevention offi-

14 cials, the construction industry and unions, public and pri-

15 vate agencies or organizations administering comprehensive

16 child services programs, and national agencies or organiza-

17 tions interested in services for children. Not less than one-

18 half of the membership of the committee shall consist of par-

19 ents of children enrolled in programs conducted under this
20 title, part A of the Headstart-Follow Through Act, and

21 title IV of the Social Security Act.

22 (c) Within six months of its appointment, the special
23 committee shall complete a proposed uniform code and shall

24 hold public hearings on the proposed code prior to submitting

25 its final reconmendation to the Secretary for his approval.





48

46

1 (d) The Secretary must approve the code as a whole or

2 secure the concurrence of the special committee to changes

3 therein, and, upon approval, such standards shall be appli-

4 cable to all facilities receiving Federal financial assistance

5 under this Act or in which programs receiving such Federal

6 financial assistance are operated; and the Secretary shall also

7 distribute such standards and urge their adoption by States
8 and local governments. The Secretary may from time to time

9 modify the uniform code for facilities in accordance with

10 the procedures described in subsections (a) through (d).
11 PROGRAM MONITORING AND ENFORCEMENT

12 SEC. 203. The Secretary shall provide, through the Office

13 of Child and Family Services, for regular and periodic mon-
14 itoring of programs under this Act to assure compliance with

15 the child care standards and other requirements of this Act,

16 and shall provide for the establishment and maintenance of

17 sufficient trained staff in such office to accomplish the purpose

18 of this section.
19 WITHHOLDING OF GRANTS

20 SEC. 204. Whenever the Secretary, after reasonable no-

21 tice and opportunity for a hearing to any prime sponsor, or

22 project applicant, finds-

23 (1) that there has been a failure to comply sub-

24 stantially with any requirement set forth in the plan





49

47

1 of any such prime sponsor approved under section 106;
2 or
3 (2) that there has been a failure to comply with
4 applicable standards pursuant to section 201; or

5 (3) that there has been a failure to comply substan-
6 tially with any requirement set forth in the application
7 of any such project applicant approved pursuant to
8 section 107; or

9 (4) that in the operation of any plan, program,
10 or project carried out by any such prime sponsor, or
11 project applicant or other recipient of financial assist-

12 ance under this Act there is a failure to comply sub-
13 stantially with any applicable provision of this Act or
14 regulation promulgated thereunder;

15 the Secretary shall notify such prime sponsor, project appli-

16 cant, or other recipient of his findings and that no further
17 payments may be made to such sponsor, project applicant,

18 or other recipient under this Act (or in the Secretary's
19 discretion that any such prime sponsor shall not make further
20 payments under this Act to specified project applicants

21 affected by the failure) until he is satisfied that there is no
22 longer any such failure to comply, or that the noncompliance
23 will be promptly corrected. The Secretary may authorize

24 the continuation of paynents with reslect to anly project






50

48

1 assisted under this Act which is being carried out pursuant

2 to such plan or application and which is not involved in any

3 noncompliance.

4 EVALUATION

5 SEC. 205. (a) The Secretary shall make an evaluation

6 of Federal involvement in child and family services, which

7 shall include-

8 (1) enumeration and description of all Federal

9 activities which affect child and family service programs;

10 (2) analysis of expenditures of Federal funds for

11 such activities and services;

12 (.3) determination of the effectiveness of such ac-

13 tivities and services;

14 (4) the extent to which preschool, minority group,

15 and economically disadvantaged children and their par-

16 ents have participated in programs under this Act; and

17 (5) such recommendations to Congress as the Sec-

18 retary may deem appropriate.

19 (b) The results of the evaluation required by subsec-

20 tion (a) of this section shall be reported to Congress not

21 later than two years after enactment of this Act.

22 (c) The Secretary shall establish such procedures as

23 may be necessary to conduct an annual evaluation of Federal

24 involvement in child and family services programs, and

25 shall report the results to each such evaluation to Congress.





51

49

1 (d) Prime sponsors and project applicants assisted

2 under this Act and departments and agencies of the Federal

3 Government shall, upon request by the Secretary or the

4 Comptroller General of the United States make available,

5 consistent with other provisions of law, such information as

6 the Secretary determines is necessary for purposes of making

7 the evaluation required under subsection (c) of this section,

8 or the Comptroller General determines is necessary for an

9 independent evaluation.

10 (e) The Secretary may enter into contracts with public

11 or private nonprofit agencies, organizations, or individuals to

12 carry out the provisions of this section.

13 (f) The Secretary shall reserve for the purposes of this

14 section not less than 1 per centum, but not more than 2 per

15 centum, of the amounts available under section 3 (b) of this

16 Act for any fiscal year.

17 TITLE III-FACILITIES AND RESEARCH FOR

18 CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES PROGRAMS

19 MONTGAGIE INSURANCE FOR COMPREHIENSIVE CHILD

20 SERVICES FACILITIES

21 SEF. 301. (a) It is the purpose of this section to assist

22 and encourage the provision of urgently needed facilities for

23 child care and comprehensive child services programs.

24 (b) For the purose of this section-

25 (1) The term "child and family services facility"






52

50

1 means a facility of a public or private profit or non-

2 profit- agency or organization, licensed or regulated by
3 the State (or, if there is no State law providing for

4 such licensing and regulation by the State, by the

5 municipality or other political subdivision in which

6 the facility is located), for the provision of comprehen-
7 sive child services programs.

8 (2) The terms "mortgage", "mortgagor", "mort-

9 gagee", "maturity date", and "State" shall have the

10 meanings respectively set forth in section 207 of the
11 National Housing Act.

12 (c) The Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare

13 (hereinafter referred to as the "Secretary") is authorized to
14 insure any mortgage (including advances on such mortgage

15 during construction) in accordance with the provisions of

16 this section upon such terms and conditions as he may pre-

17 scribe and make commitments for insurance of such mort-

18 gage prior to the date of its execution or disbursement

19 thereon.
20 (d) In order to carry out the purpose of this section,

21 the Secretary is authorized to insure any mortgage which

22 covers a new child and family services facility, including

23 equipment to be used in its operation, subject to the following

24 conditions.






53

51

1 (1) The mortgage shall be executed by a miortgagor,

2 approved hy the Secretary, who shall demonstrate ability
3 successfully to operate one or more child care or child and

4 family services progriams. The Secretary may in his discre-

5 tion require any such mortgagor to he regulated or restricted

6 as to minium chiarges and methods of financing, l, inl ad-
7 dition thereto, if the mortgagor is a corp)orate entity, as to

8 capital structure and rate of return. As an aid to the regula-
9 tion or restriction of any mlortgagor with respect to lly of

10 the foregoing matters, the Secretary may make such con-

11 tracts with and acquire for not to exceed $100 sucho stock or

12 interest in such mortgagor as he may deem niecessary. Any

13 stock or interest so purchased shall he paid for out of the
14 Child and Family Services Facility Insurance Fund, and

15 shall be redeemed by the mortgagor at par upon the termina-

16 tion of all obligations of the Secretary under the insurance.

17 (2) The mortgagor shall involve a principal obligation

18 in an amount not to exceed $250,000 and not to exceed 90

19 per centum of the estimated replacement cost of the property

20 or project (including equipment replacmlent cost of the

21 property or project, including equipment to he used in the

22 operation of the facility) when the proposed improvements

23 are completed and the equipment is installed.

24 (3) The mortgage shall-






54

52

1 (A) provide for complete amortization by periodic
2 payments within such terms as the Secretary shall pre-
3 scribe, and
4 (B) bear interest (exclusive of premium charges

5 for insurance and service charges, if any) at not to
6 exceed such per centum per annum on the principal
7 obligation outstanding at any time as the Secretary finds
8 necessary to meet the mortgage market.

9 (4) The Secretary shall not insure any mortgage under
10 this section unless he has determined that the comprehensive
11 child services facility to be covered by the mortgage will be
12 in compliance with the Uniform Code for Facilities approved
13 by the Secretary pursuant to section 202 of this Act.

14 (5) The Secretary shall not insure any mortgage under
15 this section unless he determines the facility is consistent
16 with and will not hinder the program of child and family

17 services under title I of this Act.
18 (e) The Secretary shall fix and collect premium charges

19 for the insurance of mortgages under this section which shall

20 be payable annually in advance by the mortgagee, either
21 in cash or in debentures of the Child and Family Services
22 Facility Insurance Fund (established by subsection (h))
23 issued at par plus accrued interest. In the case of any mort-
24 gage such charge shall be not less than an amount equivalent
25 to one-fourth of 1 per centum per annum nor more than an





55

53

1 amount equivalent to 1 per centum per annum of the amount

2 of the principal obligation of the mortgage outstanding at
3 any one time, without taking into account delinquent pay-

4 ments or prepayments. In addition to the premium charge

5 herein provided for, the Secretary is authorized to charge

6 and collect such amounts as he may deem reasonable for

7 the appraisal of a property or project during construction:

8 but such charges for appraisal and inspection shall not aggre-

9 gate more than 1 per centum of the original principal fee

10 amount of the mortgage.

11 (f) The Secretary may consent to the release of a part
12 or parts of the mortgaged property or project from the lien

13 of any mortgage insured under this section upon such terms

14 and conditions as he may prescribe.

15 (g) (1) The Secretary shall have the same functions,
16 powers, and duties (insofar as applicable) with respect to
17 the insurance of mortgages under this section as the Secretary

18 of Housing and UTrban Development has with respect to the

19 insurance of mortgages under title II of the National

20 Housing Act.

21 (2) The provisions of subsections (e), (g), (h), (i),

22 (j), (k), (1), and (n) of section 207 of the National
23 Housing Act sall apply to mortgages insured under this

24 section; except that, for purposes of their application with
25 resect to such mortga.es, all references in such provisions





56

54

1 to the General Insurance Fund shall be deemed to refer
2 to the Child and Family Services Facility Insurance Fund,
3 and all references in such provisions to "Secretary" shall be

4 deemed to refer to the Secretary of Health, Education, and

5 Welfare.

6 (h) (1) There is hereby created a Child and Family
7 Services Facility Insurance Fund (hereinafter referred to as

8 the "fund") which shall be used by the Secretary as a

9 revolving fund for carrying out all the insurance provisions

10 of this section. All mortgages insured under this section shall

11 be insured under and by the obligation of the fund.

12 (2) The general expenses of the operations of the

13 Department of Health, Education, and Welfare relating to

14 mortgages insured under this section may be charged to the
15 fund.

16 (3) Moneys in the fund not needed for the current
17 operations of the Department of Health, Education, and

18 Welfare with respect to mortgages insured under this

19 section shall be deposited with the Treasurer of the United

20 States to the credit of the fund, or invested in bonds or

21 other obligations of, or in bonds or other obligations guaran-
22 teed as to principal and interest by, the United States.

23 The Secretary may, with the approval of the Secretary of

24 the Treasury, purchase in the open market debentures issued
25 as obligations of the fund. Such purchases shall be made at






57

55

1 a price which will provide an investment yield of not less

2 than the yield obtainable from other investments authorized
3 by this section. Debentures so purchased shall be canceled

4 and not reissued.

5 (4) Premium charges, adjusted premiuml charges, and
6 appraisal and other fees received on account of the insur-

7 ance of any mortgage under this section, the receipts derived

8 from property covered by such mortgages and from any
9 claims, debts, contracts, property, and security assigned to

10 the Secretary in connection therewith, and all earnings on

11 the assets of the fund, shall be credited to the fund. The

12 principal of, and interest paid and to be paid on, debentures

13 which are the obligation of the fund, cash insurance pay-

14 ments and adjustments, and expenses incurred in the han-

15 dling, management, renovation, and disposal of proper-

16 ties acquired, in connection with mortgages insured under

17 this section, shall be charged to the fund.

18 (5) There are authorized to be appropriated to provide

19 initial capital for the fund, and to assure the soundness of

20 the fund thereafter, such sums as may he necessary.

21 RESEARCII AND DEMONSTRATIONS

22 SEC. 302. (a) The Secretary is authorized to carry out

23 a program of research and demonstration projects, which

24 shall include but not be limited to-

5 (1) rsearch to develop tech niquI(s to measure and





58

56

1 evaluate child and family services, and to develop stand-

2 ards to evaluate professional and paraprofessional child
3 and family service personnel;

4 (2) research to test preschool programs emphasiz-

5 ing reading and reading readiness;

6 (3) preventive medicine and techniques and tech-
7 nology, including multiphasic screening and testing, to

8 improve the early diagnosis and treatment of diseases

9 and learning disabilities of pre-school children;

10 (4) research to test alternative methods of provid-

11 ing child and family service;

12 (5) evaluation of research findings and the develop-

13 ment of these findings and the effective application

14 thereof;

15 (6) dissemination and application of research and
16 development efforts and demonstration projects to child

17 and family service and related programs and early child-

18 hood education, using regional demonstration centers

19 and advisory services where feasible;

20 (7) production of informational systems and other
21 resources necessary to support the activities authorized

22 by this Act;

23 (8) developing methods of determining the needs
24 of individual children in particular areas such as educa-

25 tion, nutrition, and medical services, so as to permit the






59

57

1 modification of programs to fit the needs of individual

2 children; and

3 (9) a study of the need on a nationwide basis for

4 child and family servic s programs and of the resources,

5 including personnel, which are available to meet this

6 need.

7 (b) In order to ca rry out the program provided for

8 in this sectionl, te Secretary is authorized to make grants

9 to or enter into contracts or other arrangements with pub-

10 lie or private agencies (including other Government agen-

11 cies), olganizations, institutions, and i dividuals.

12 (c) (1) The Secretary shall coordinate, through the

1 Office of Child and Family Services established under section

14 101 (a), all child and family services research, training, and

15 development efforts conducted within the Department of

16 Health, Education, and Welfare and, to the extent feasible,
17 by other agencies, organizations, and individuals.

18 (2) Funds available to any Federal department or

19 agency for the purposes of this title shall be available for

20 transfer, with the approval of the head of the department

21 or agency involved, in whole or in part, to the Secretary for

22 such use as is consistent with the purposes for which such

23 funds were provid(ed, and the funds so transferred shall be

4expendable b thSecretary through the 'Office of Child and


7'-41 0 1 7 -






60

58

1 Family Services established under section 101 (a), for the

2 purposes for which the transfer was made.

3 (d) The Secretary shall conduct special demonstration,

4 and model programs, which demonstration, and model pro-

5 grams shall be subject to the fullest extent practicable to each

6 of the requirements with respect to project applications

7 under section 107.

8 (e) The Secretary shall report to Congress not later

9 than September 1, 1976, summarizing his activities and

10 accomplishments under this section during the preceding

11 fiscal year and the grants, contracts, or other arrangements
12 entered into and making such recommendations (including

13 recommendations for legislation) as he may deem
14 appropriate.

15 TITLE IV-TRAINING OF PERSONNEL FOR CHILD
16 AND FAMILY SERVICES
17 TRAINING

18 SEC. 401. Congress recognizes that one of the major bar-

19 riers hindering the development of quality child services

20 at the present time is the lack of sufficiently trained and pre-

21 pared professional and paraprofessional staff; and the con-

22 tinued entry of mothers of young children into full-time

23 employment outside the home, will, in the future, place an
24 intolerable strain on the already limited numbers of per-





61

59

1 sonnel qualified for work in early childhood programs; that

2 the development of quality programs depends, therefore, on

3 the availability of trained personnel in far greater nunmers

4 than present training programs can respond to; and finally,

5 that parents can be helped effectively to use child service

6 methods with their own children that will lessen or prevent

7 the need for comllpensatory education programs for older

8 children.

9 SEC. 402. It is the purpose of this title to respond to the

10 demonstrated need for child services personnel in the 1970's;

11 by stimulating the development of sufficient training and

12 educational programs in every State and region of the United

13 States to assure an adequate supply of personnel to meet
14 staffing requirements.

15 SiE. 403. The Secretary of Health, Education, and Wel-

16 fare is authorized to make grants to or enter into contracts
17 with institutions of higher education, State and local agen-

18 cies, State and local educational agencies, private organiza-

19 tions and agencies engaged in teacher training, teacher
20 training institutions, national child care organizations, and

21 producers of television programing, for the purpose of estab-

22 lishin, developing, or upgrading early childhood personnel

2 training programs which shall include, but shall not be
24 limited to, the development of profnams t--






62

60

1 (A) provide postgraduate level training for teach-
2 ers of professional and paraprofessional early childhood
3 personnel and for teachers of teachers of such personnel;

4 (B) attract and recruit personnel, both male and

5 female, including students and older Americans, to train-

6 ing for and subsequent employment in child care

7 programs;

8 (C) retrain personnel prepared for and/or experi-

9 enced in education at levels other than early childhood

10 so as to enable them to function effectively in early

11 childhood programs;

12 (D) provide preservice and inservice training of

13 professional and paraprofessional personnel for teaching,
14 management and supervisory, and administrative posts

15 in early childhood programs, including the training and

16 certification of Child Development Associates;

17 (E) help parents and high school students under-

18 stand and practice sound child care techniques;

19 (F) develop educational television programs and

20 other materials for training early childhood personnel,

21 parents, and high school students;

22 (G) develop and refine certification criteria and
23 techniques for professional and paraprofessional early

24 childhood personnel.





63

61

1 APPROPRI ATIOS(

2 SEC. 404. There is hereby authorized to be appropri-
3 ated to carry out this title $40),()000,000 for the fiscal year

4 ending June 30, 1976, $601.000,)000 for the fiscal year

5 ending September 30, 1977, and $75,00(,000 for the fiscal

6 year ending September 30, 1978.

7 AI)DDITIONAL PROVISIONS

8 SEc. 405. Section 501 of the Higher Education Act of

9 1965 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following

10 sentence: "There is additionally authorized to be appropri-

11 ated the sum of $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

12 June 30, 1976, and for each fiscal year thereafter for pro-

13 grams and projects under this part to train or retrain profes-
14 sional personnel for comprehensive child services programs,

15 and the sunm of $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June
16 30, 1976, and for each fiscal year thereafter, for programs

17 and projects under this part to train or retrain nonprofes-

18 sional personnel for such programs.".

19 SEC. 406. Section 205 (b) (3) of the National Defense

20 Educntion Act is amended as follows, by adding after the

21 word "nonprofit" each time it occurs the phrase "compre-
22 hensive child services program," by striking out "and (C)

23 and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "(C) such rate
24 shall be 15 per centum for each conmplete academic year or






64

62

1 its equivalent (as so determined by regulations) of service as

2 a full-time teacher in public or private nonprofit comprehen-

3 sive child services programs or in any such programs oper-

4 ating under authority of title I of the Child and Family

5 Services Act, and (D)".

6 SEC. 407. The Secretary of Health, Education, and

7 Welfare, is authorized to award grants to individuals em-

8 ployed in comprehensive child services programs operating

9 under the authority of title I of this Act and to such programs

10 for the purposes of meeting the costs of ongoing inservice

11 training for professional and nonprofessional personnel, in-

12 cluding volunteers, to be conducted by an agency carrying

13 on a child and family services program by a community or
14 higher education institution, or by a combination thereof.

15 SEC. 408. There is authorized to be appropriated for

16 the purposes of section 403 the sum of $5,000,000 for the
17 fiscal year 1976 and for each succeeding fiscal year.

18 TITLE V-GENERAL PROVISIONS

19 DEFINITIONS

20 SEC. 501. As used in this Act, the term-

21 (1) "Secretary" means the Secretary of Health,

22 Education, and Welfare:

23 (2) "State" means the several States and the Dis-

24 trict of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa,





65

63

1 the Virgin Islands. and the Trust Territory of the Pa-

2 cific Islands;

3 (3) "child and family service proogranms" means

4 programs on a full-day or part-day basis which provide

5 or arrange for the provision of tle educational, nutri-

6 tional, hIealth, and other services nededt to provide the

7 opportfuity for children to attain their full potential,

8 includilng services to other familly m nembers;

9 (4) "children" means individuals who have not

10 attained the age of fifteen;

11 (5) "economwaillv disadvantaged children" means

12 any c1hildren of a famiiily havinlg an annual income below

13 the lowery living standard budget (adjusted for regional

14 and metropolitan, urban, and rural differences, and

15 family size), as determined annually l)y the Bureau of

16 Labor Statistics at the Department of Labor;

17 (G) "handicapped children" includes mentally re-

18 tarded, hard of hearing, deaf, speech, impaired, visually

19 handicapped, seriously emotionally disturbed, crippled,
20 or other health impaired children who b)y reason thereof

21 require special education and related services;

22 (7) "program" includes any program, service, or

23 activity, which is conducted full- or part-time in the

24 home, in schools, or in child are facilities;






66

64

1 (8) "parent" means any person who has primary

2 day-to-day responsibility for any child;
3 (9) "single parent" means any person who has
4 sole day-to-day responsibility for any child;

5 (10) "working mother" means any mother who
6 needs child or family service in order to undertake or
7 continue full- or part-tinie employment, training, or edu-

8 cation outside the home;

9 (11) "minority group" includes, but is not limited

10 to, persons who are Negro, American Indian, Spanish-
11 surnamed American, Portuguese, or Oriental, and, as de-

12 termined by the Secretary, children who are from en-

13 vironments in which a dominant language is other than

14 English and who, as a result of language barriers, may

15 need special assistance, and, for the purpose of this para-

16 graph, "Spanish-surnamed Americans" includes, but is

17 not limited to, persons of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban,

18 or Spanish origin or ancestry;

19 (12) "bilingual" includes, but is not limited to per-
20 sons who are Spanish-surnamed Americans, American

21 Indian, Oriental, Portuguese, or others who have learned

22 during childhood to speak the language of the minority

23 group of which they are members and who, as a result

24 of language barriers, may need special assistance;

25 (13) "local educational agency" means any such





67

65

1 agency as defined in section 801 (f) of the Elementary

2 and Secondary Education Act of 1965;

3 (14) "unit of general local government" means any

4 political subdivision of a State having general govern-

5 mental powers.

6 NTUTRITION SERVICES

7 SEC. 502. In accordance with the purposes of this title,

8 the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare shall es-

9 tablish procedures to assure that adequate nutrition services

10 will be provided in child and family services programs under

11 this Act. Such services shall make use of the special food

12 service program for children as defined under section 13 of

13 the National School Lunch Act and the Child Nutrition Act

14 of 1966, to the fullest extent appropriate and consistent with

15 the provisions of such Acts.

16 SPECIAL PROVISIONS

17 SEC. 503. (a) The Secretary shall not provide financial

18 assistance for any program under this Act unless the grant,

19 contract, or agreement with respect to such program spe-

20 cificlly provides that no person with responsibilities in

21 the operation of such program will discriminate with respect

22 to any program, program participant, or any applicant for

23 participation in such program because of race, creed, color,

24 national origin, sex, political affiliation or beliefs.

25 (b) No person in the United States shall on the ground






68

66

1 of sex be excluded from participation in, be denied the bene-

2 fits of, be subjected to discrimination under, or be denied

3 employment in connection with, any program or activity

4 receiving assistance under this Act. The Secretary shall en-

5 force the provisions of the preceding sentence in accordance

6 with section 602 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Section

7 603 of such Act shall apply with respect to any action
8 taken by the Secretary to enforce such sentence. This sec-

9 tion shall not be construed as affecting any other legal

10 remedy that a person may have if that person is excluded

11 from participation in, denied the benefits of, subje6ted to

12 discrimination under, or denied employment in connection

13 with, any program or activity receiving assistance under
14 this Act.

15 (c) The Secretary may make such grants, contracts, or

16 agreements, establish such procedures, policies, rules, and
17 regulations and make such payments in installments and in

18 advance or by way of reimbursement, or otherwise allocate

19 or expend funds made available under this Act, as he may

20 deem necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act, in-

21 cluding necessary adjustments in payments on account of

22 overpayments or underpayments. Subject to the provisions
23 of section 504, the Secretary may also withhold funds other-
24 wise payable under this Act in order to recover any amounts





69

67

1 expended in the current or immediately prior fiscal year in
2 violation of any provision of this Act on any term or con-
3 dition of assistance under this Act.

4 (d) The Secretary shall not provide financial assistance
5 for any program, service, or activity under this Act unless
6 he determines that persons employed thereunder, other

7 than persons who serve without compensation, shall be paid

8 wages which shall not be lower than whichever is the

9 highest of-
10 (1) the minimum wage which would be applicable
11 to the employee under the Fair Labor Standards Act
12 of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 206), if section 6 (a) (1) of such
13 Act applied to the participant and if he were not exempt
14 under section 13 thereof;
15 (2) the State or local minimum wage for the most
16 nearly comparable covered employment; or

17 (3) the prevailing rates of pay for persons employed

18 in similar occupations by the same employer.

19 (e) The Secretary shall not provide financial assistance
20 for any program under this Act unless he determines that
21 no funds will be used for and no person will be employed

22 under the program in the construction, operation, or main-
23 tenance of so much of any facility as is for use for sectarian
24 instruction or as a place for reliious worship.






70

68

1 SPECIAL PROHIBITIONS AND PROTECTIONS

2 SEC. 504. (a) Nothing in this Act shall be construed
3 or applied in such a manner as to infringe upon or usurp

4 the moral and legal rights and responsibilities of parents or

5 guardians with respect to the moral, mental, emotional,

6 physical, or other development of their children. Nor shall

7 any section of this Act be construed or applied in such a
8 manner as to permit any invasion of privacy otherwise pro-

9 tected by law, or to abridge any legal remedies for any
10 such invasion which are otherwise provided by law.

11 (b) The Secretary is directed to establish appropriate

12 procedures to insure that no child shall be the subject of any

13 research or experimentation under this Act unless the parent

14 or guardian of such child informed of such research or

15 experimentation and is given an opportunity as a right to

16 except such child therefrom.

17 (c)' A child participating in a program assisted under

18 this Act shall not undergo medical or psychological exami-

19 nation, experimentation or research, immunization (except

20 to the extent necessary to protect the public from epidemics

21 of contagious diseases or in the case of medical emergencies

22 where parental consent cannot be readily obtained), or

23 treatment without the written permission of his parent or

24 guardian based upon full understanding of the procedures and

25 possible consequences.





71

69

1 PUBLIC INFORMATION

2 SEC. 505. Applications for designation as prime spon-
3 sors, comprehensive child development plans, project appli-

4 cations, and all written material pertaining thereto shall be

5 made readily available without charge to the public by the

6 prime sponsor, the applicant, and the Secretary.
7 COORDINATION WITH EXISTING AUTHORITY

8 SEC. 506. (a) After consultation with the head of any

9 agency of the Federal Government immediately responsible

10 for providing Federal assistance for child and family services,

11 and related programs, including title I of the Elementary and

12 Secondary Education Act of 1965, part B of the Headstart-

13 Follow Through Act, title VII of the Housing and Urban

14 Development Act of 1966, title I of the Demonstration

15 Cities and Metropolitan Development Act of 1966, and

16 titles IV and VI of the Social Security Act, the Secretary

17 of Health, Education, and Welfare shall establish regulations

18 to assure the coordination of all such programs with the

19 programs assisted under this Act.

20 (b) The day care services furnished as a part of the
21 child care services furnished under a State plan approved

22 under art A of title IV of the Social Security Act, or as a

23 part of the child welfare services furnished under a State

24 plan developed as provided in part B -of such title, shall be
25 day care services made available under title I of this Act,






72

70

1 and such services shall be deemed to meet the requirements
2 of section 422 (a) (1) (C) of the Social Security Act. The
3 Secretary shall prescribe such regulations and make such
4 arrangements as may be necessary or appropriate to insure
5 that suitable child and family services programs under this
6 Act are available for children receiving aid or services under
7 State plans approved under part A of title IV of the Social
8 Security Act and State plans developed as provided in part
9 B of such title to the extent that such programs are required
10 for the administration of such plans and the achievement of
11 their objectives, and that there is effective coordination be-
12 tween the comprehensive child services programs under this
13 Act and the programs of aid and services under such title
14 IV.
15 (c) (1) Section 203 (j) (1) of the Federal Property
16 and Administrative Services Act of 1949 is amended by
17 striking out "or civil defense" and inserting in lieu thereof
18 "civil defense, or the operation of child care facilities".

19 (2) Section 203 (j) (3) of such Act is amended-
20 (A) by striking out, in the first sentence, "or public
21 health" and inserting in lieu thereof "public health, or
22 the operation of child care facilities";
23 (B) by inserting after "handicapped," in clause
24 (A) and clause (B) of the first sentence the following:
25 "child care facilities"; and





73

71

1 (0) by inserting after "public health purposes" and

2 the second sentence, the following: ", or for the opera-

3 tion of child care facilities,"

4 ACCEPTANCE OF FUNDS

5 SEC. 507. In carrying out the purposes and provisions

6 of this Act, the Secretary is authorized to accept and use

7 funds appropriated to carry out other provisions of Federal

8 law if such funds are used for the purposes for which they

9 are specifically authorized and appropriated.









































ANONYMOUS FLYER ATTACKING CHILD AND FAMILY
SERVICES BILL
































78-410 0 6 6



















RAISING CHILDREN--GOVERNENT'S OR PARENT'S RIGHTT

There is before Congress legislation known as the Child & Family Service Act of 1975 *
(Senate: 5626 & House: HR2966). If passed it would take the responsibility of the
parents to raise their children and give it to the Government.

CHILD ADVOCACY CLAUSE

In the Congressional Record we read: "If, in the Judgement of those who are in charge of
such a program (the State by way of the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare), parents
are not doing a good job, the advocate (a "specialist" appointed by the government) would
enter the home and direct the education, even with the home. And, if the parent would
object, the authority in the home would, De Facto, be transferred to these advocated."

CHARTER OF CHILDREN'S RIGHTS OF THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CIVIL LIBERTIES
is becoming a part of this Child Development Act. Following are four of the several items
proposed in this charter. They can be found on page 44138 of the Congressional Record.
(1) "All Children have the right of protection from, and compensation for the con-
sequences of any inadequacies in their homes and backgrounds." (Note: In other words,
never punish your child because he may come back to you with a civil suit.)
(2) "Children have the right to protection from any excessive claims made on them by
their parents or authority." The question was asked, by way of example, what do you mean
by the fact "excessive claim", and the example was given "If the mother or father asked
the child to take the garbage out and the child doesn't want to, the parents have no right
to insist on it."
(3) "Children have the right to freedom from religious or political indoctrination."
That means that you have no right to insist on takin them to church, if they do not wish
to go. That also means they have the freedom to insist that they be taught nothinX, or
any idea, about God.
(4) "Children shall have the freedom to make complaints about teachers, parents and
others without fear of reprisals." This speaks for itself.

This piece of legislation was vetoed in 1971, but it is back on the floor of Congress and
now has the votes to pass. It is our obligation to tell our legislators: Senators Bayh and
Hartke & our U.S. Representatives what we think of this legislation. Only our complaints
can change their minds. They take your vote seriously. Take the trouble to write or
suffer the consequences of your silence.

CAN THE GOVERNMENT TAKE AWAY YOUR CHILDREN?

Comprehensive child development, the SOVIET-style system of communal child rearing which almost
became law in this country in 1971 is once again being pushed through Congress. The current
bills HR.2966 (House of Representatives) and S626 (Senate), are virtually identical to the
original act passed in 1971, but fortunately vetoed by the then president, Nixon. Now it is
known as the CHILD & FAMILY SERVICES ACT of 1975 and any changes are merely cosmetic.

In vetoing the original bill which would have removed children from their parent's instruction
shortly after birth, Mr. Nixon said that it would weaken the American family by committing
"the vast moral authority of the national government to the side of communal approaches to
child rearing over against the family oriented approach."

We are in serious danger of "Sovietizing" the education of our children if we let the Child
& Family_ Services Act of 1975 pass. Those who support this Act in the Congress are convinced
tht it will "ail hrugh the House."

According to the Congressional Record, the intent of this bill is for the government to be
responsible "...for the nutritional interests of your child, for all psychological interests
of your child."

The following excerpts are taken from the CONGRESSTONAL RECORD: "WHAT IS AT ISSUE IS WHETHER
THE PARPNT SHALL CONTINUE TO HAVE THE RIGHT TO FORM THE CHARACTER OF THE CHILDREN OR WHETHER
THE STATE, WITH ALL ITS POWER & MAGNITUDE, SHALL BE GIVEN THE DECISIVE TOOLS AND TECHNIQUE
OR PFORMING THE YOUNG LIVES OF THE CHILDREN OF THIS COUNTRY."

"AS A MATTER OF THE CHILD'S RIGHT, THE GOVERNMENT SHALL EXERT CONTROL OVER THE FAMILY BECAUSR
WE HAVE REOGNIZED THAT THE CHILD IS NOT THE CARE OF THE PARENTS BUT THE CARE OF THE STATE.
WE RECOGNIZE FURTHR THAT NOT PARENTAL, BUT CO-MUNAL FOR OF UP-BRINGING HAVE A UNOUESTION-
ABLE SUPERIORITY OVER ALL OTHER FORMS. FURTHERMRE, THERE IS SERIOUS OUESTION THAT MAYBE WE
CANNOT ENTRUST THE FAMILY TO PREPARE YOUNG CHILDREN IN THIS COUNTRY FOR THIS NEW KIND OF
WORLD WHICH IS EMERGING."

This all smacks of Communism. This is what in fact has been and is being done in Soviet Russia.
This is what can become the law of our land, if the Child & Family Services Act of 1975 is
passed by the Congress. We elected this Congress, but do we know what they are attempting to
do to our freedoms and our rights?

(77)












































































































1B
























SELECTED ARTICLES AND OTHER
RELEVANT MATERIALS












































































































































/































Child-Care Scare control of child development, an appar- however, the bill looms as a monster of
ently well-organized campaign is flood- government paternalism. The pamphlet
The letters conjure up images of gov- ing Washington with hysterical mail. "It vaguely quotes the Congressional Rec-
emnment agents breaking into American started down in Oklahoma and Texas, ord as saying that the government must
homes and wrenching the children from then it came north like the hoof-and- "exert control over the family" because
'their mothers' breasts. "God gave the mouth disease," says Minnesota Sen. "communal forms of upbringing" are
responitbility of raising children to the Walter Mondale who co-sponsored the best; no such statements have yet been
parents not the state," writes a Peabody, bill with Rep. John Brademas of Indiana. found in the Record. The scare litera-
Kans., couple."Ifa child would not learn "This is my first massive experience ture also suggests that the bill would
respect and obedience for his parents with the 'big lie" and it's not much fun." give children legal rights to sue their
whom he can see, how can he learn Mondale had to hire two extra staffers to parents over their upbringing; the
respect and obedience for a faceless answer between 2,000 and 6,000 child- quotes here turn out to come from a
state?' A woman in Powell, Tenn., is care letters a day. No one in Washington British document wholly unconnected
even more incensed: "To take away seems to know just who is putting out with the bill.
parents' authority over their own chil- the pamphlet, although it appears to "It's so extreme that it's embarrassng
dren is not freedom; neither is it the have circulated on many fundamentalist to argue on that level," says Noreen
American way. It's Communist. My church bulletin boards and by hand Connell, executive vice president of the
motherand father whipped me and made around neighborhoods. New York Chapter of the National Or-
me go to church and I feel I'm a better Cost: The legislation would provide ganization for Women, but that same
person for it." Concludes a woman from Federal funds for day-care services as disregard for fanatical anti-ERA claims
Liberty, Miss.: "It's the most disgusting well as for other recreational, education- led to the amendment's defeat in some
and revolting piece of legislation that I al and health programs including prena- states. Even serious opponents of the
have ever read." tal care-at an estimated cost to the child-care legislation, who argue that the
The object of all this outrage is the taxpayer of $1.9 billion for the first three bill would create an uncontrollable bu-
Child and Family Services Act of 1975, a years. Participation in any program reaucracy dominated by social planners
child-cre bill that has no chance to be would be voluntary, and parents would and that there is no need for Federal
assed this year but that-like abortion, compose one-half of the membership of involvement in such programs, find the
ing and the Equal Rights Amend- local councils that would set policy for spurious flyer damaging to their cause.
ment-is the latest social issue to churn the program. The bill specifically states But no one denies that the fantasies have
up a torm of emotional and often misin- that "nothing in this act shall alter or fueled concern for the future of the bill-
formed protest. Prompted by an anony- interfere in any way with the rights and now more controversial than ever.
mous flyer that claims the bill would give responsibilities of parents." -NDA BD FCKEDANE CAPER
the government, rather than the family, In the eyes of the pamphlet-writers, inWashngon.c

Newweek, April 5, 1976 77


(81)










ARPER S WE EK









MARC22 1976 SOMEBODY OUT THERE HATES DAY CARE...

AND KNOWS JUST HOW TO MOBILIZE THE PUBLIC
SWITH AN ANONYMOUS SMEAR CAMPAIGN
ters in January-almost all of them Services Act-a bill which is only Health, Education and Welfare), "parents
by Judith Miller hostile to the legislation. "Some mem- intended to provide federal aid for state are not doing a good job, the advocate (a
Washington, D.C. bers talk about getting 600 or 700 letters and locally run day-care centers and other specialist appointed by the government)
A curious and mysterious phenomenon on this bill," said Brademas some weeks family services. "The bill is being sub- would enter the home and direct educa-
has been occurring on Capitol Hill. A ago. "That's more mail than you usually jected to one of the most distorted and lion, even within the home. And if the
number of Congressmen and Senators get on any other issue in a year." dishonest attacks I have witnessed in my parent would object, the authority of the
have been inundated with angry letters Doubtless many people view day care 15 years of public service," Senator Mon- home would, De Facto, be transferred to
denouncing a day-care bill that has no as another attempt by the state to meddle dale said in a recent speech. those advocated (sic].
Administration support and faces almost in their personal lives. And unquestiona- At the root of the propaganda cam- Mondale says that although his office
certain veto. Yet many of the letters are bly, many see it as an inextricable part of paign against the bill is a single-page, has conducted an exhaustive search of
hysterical, ad hominem attacks on the the women's movement, since the chief mimeographed flyer issued by an un- the Congressioal Record, no one could
bill's supporters, while others are beneficiaries of day care would be known group assailing the legislation, find such a description of the bill. An
frightened appeals for help.'The volume mothers who want to work; it's plausible portraying it as a vehicle for "Sovietiz- earlier version of the measure, the Child
and intensity of feeling suggests a to assume that the considerable hostility ing" child development and for making Development Act of 1971-vetoed by
widespread and deep-rooted agony over generated by the Equal Rights Amend- children the wards of the federal govern- President Nixon-did contain aprovision
governmental interference in child-rear- ment is simply being rechanneled into a ment. for a child advocacy program, which
ing. newer battle here. But according to Mon- The flyer is cleverly put together and would have permitted federal workers to
Much of the mail has arrived at the of- dale and Brademas, there's another- obviously designed to exploit anti- assist poor families in dealingswith
fices of the bill's sponsors, Senator Walter and convincing-explanation for the government anxiety. It purports to quote government agencies and to aid them in
Mondale (D-Minn.) and Representative mail. a description of the bill from the Congres- their search re fheal care for their chil-
John Brademas (D-Ind.). Senator Mon- The two legislators claim that the let- sional Record, the official daily chronicle dren and other badly needed social ser-
dale's Subcommittee on Children and ters have been generated by a "vicious of proceedings in Congress: "If, in the vices. But the new bill does not contain
Youth has been receiving more than smear campaign" being waged by an judgment of those who are in charge of sucha provision. In fact, it specifically
1,100 letters of protest a week and Bra- anonymous group. The group's aim, they such a program," the flyer states (mean- prohibits federal activity thatwould
demas says that he got more than 450 let- believe, is to distort the Child and Family ing the Senate by way of the Secretary of "infringe upon o usurp the mral and
leal rihts and resonsibilities of arents






83


Sguardians with respect to moral, men- "Charter of Children's Rights," ostensi- right to make complaints about teachers,
l, emotional, physical, or other develop- bly prepared by a group called the parents, and others without fear of
ent of their children." National Council of Civil Liberties. This reprisals. In addition, the so-called
An even more deceptive passage in the charter would allegedly give children the Child's Charter would protect children
er, which is also directly attributed to right of "protection from and compensa- from "excessive claims" made on them
e Congressioa Record, claims the tion for the consequences of inadequacies by their parents. "What do you mean by
ondale-Brademas bill contains a in their home and backgrounds" and the the fact 'excessive claims'?" the flyer



Letters from an Aroused

(but Strangely Ill-informed)

I Citizenry
In his capacity as one of the sponsors of the Child 2/2/76
and Family Services Act of 1975 Rep. John Brademas Dear Congressman Brademas:
(D-Ind.) has received these letters-among hundreds Your Bill 2966 is a most damaging bill. Please take
of others. We've deleted the names and addresses of time to consider the consequences it entails. I fail to
the correspondents at his office's request, understand what it attempts to accomplish other than
a breakdown in family order, increase in delinquency,
Jan. 17, 1976 and a Godless Russian/Chinese type regimentation of
Dear Senator Brademas, young minds.
You must have been brainwashed or are a Com- Please take stock of what you have proposed.
munist to sponsor Bill No. S 626 + Bill No. HR 2966.
Do you want your children and grandchildren in this Congressman John Brademas,
vicious program? I am a 16-year-old Junior at Petal.High School. I
Please think over what you have done and vote oppose this bill because it is communistic and it brings
"No" on these Bills even if you have sponsored them. down the family unity. I am glad to have my parents to
For the sake of American children-in the name of tell me what to do and to take me to church. I am glad
God vote "No." to learn about politics. When I have children of my
own I hope to be able to raise them the way I have
Feb. 3, 1976 been raised. It is only right for the Parents to be able to
Mr. Brademas, tell their children what to do. Children at certain ages
You or anyone who would come up with such a bill does not always know what is best for them.
should be deported to Russia. You do not deserve to
live in America. And you certainly do not deserve to
hold office in Washington representing people in these February 3, 1976
United States. Surely we need to do lots more house- Sir.
cleaning up there to rid the country of people like you. What is this world coming to? I am a proud mother
I pray for an outpouring of God's wrath on you, if of two lovely sons, ages eleven and nine. It infuriates
you do not begin now to get this bill thrown out of the me to think that our leaders have nothing more worth-
House + Senate. while to do than to force laws upon citizens, concern-
May God protect us from men like you. ing what they may or may not do about the care of his
children. Can't you people see what immorality,
neglect, and lack of discipline from parents has already
Feb. 3, 1976 done to some children?
Dear Sirs: (1-2) I believe children should have the right to
Today I learned with great SHOCK about the House protection from any excessive claims made on them by
of Representatives HB 2966, and the Senate S 626. authority, especially outside the home. We already have
Also refer to Congressional record page 44138. Please sufficient laws to protect children from any inade-
write back and answer me one simple question. What quacies in their homes.
does the COMMUNALIST DEMOGORGON (3) 1 believe children should have the right to
BUREAUCRATS in Washington think the American freedom of (not from) religion or political indoctrina-
people are? The Child that GOD ALMIGHTY has tion, which may be forced upon them, especially out-
blessed my wife and me with belongs to us, and not a side the home. However, political indoctrination was
bunch of CUMMUNIST in Washington and the forced upon them through our schools when freedom
Federal Judges. What does these DEMOGORGONS of religion was denied them there.
in Washington see in COMMUNISM? This is nothing (4) I believe a child should have the freedom to
but COMMUNISM. You and I both know it. I have make complaints about teachers, parent, and others
believed for a number of years that our own Govern- without fear of reprisals. Outside the home, even
ment would turn the American people over to the adults are sometimes denied this freedom. But how do
COMMUNIST. Now I am SURE of it if this IDIOTIC you plan to climnate resentfulness, deviousness,
bill passes. I have learned that this same bill passed maliciousness, etc. from leaders who practice such ob"
BOTH HOUSES in 1971, but thank GOD, president scure tactics? Unless you have a miracle, which would
Nixon was man enough to veto it. change the inevitable, I believe these problems should
If you have a BONE in your back instead of JELLY. be handled in the home, not by communistic
please vote against this bill. authority







84


asks parenthetically, and answers wnit
another "quote" from the Record "If "What constantly amazes me," says Mondale and Brademas have sought
the mother or father asked the child to Brademas "is that people will believe the help of pro-child-care groups to count-
take out the garbage and the child doesn't such obviously ridiculous charges and al- eract the anti-day-care propaganda cam-
want to, the parents have no right to insist legations, printed on a mimeographed paign. In a recent statement, 16 civic and
upon it sheet, which no one dares put his sig- religious organizations, including the
The flyer asserts that under the nature to. They never seem to question AFL-CIO, PTA, U.S. Catholic Con-
The flyer asserts thav e the right t where the information is coming from or ference, Child Welfare League of Amer-
charter, childdom frorel iious or politicalght to the authenticity of the material." ica, UAW, and others, signed a statement
indoctrination. "This means that parents The campaign is especially irritating to indicating that the bill, in their view,
could not insist on children attending Brademas and Mondale since their pro- would support families, not weaken them.
Church or Sunday School or Synagogue." posed legislation is designed to reinforce Even those opposed to the bill have
the flyer explains. "It also means the the family unit by providing family ser- deplored the smear campaign. Onalee
parent could be reported to authorities for vices, in addition to child-care services; McGraw, coordinator of the National
expressing himself in his own home be- moreover, their bill specifically bans any Coalition for Children (a group closely al-
fore his own children regarding politics infringement or usurpation of individual lied with the American Conservative
and religion, if the child reported this to parent's rights by the federal government. Union) has said that she is afraid the
the authorities." The bill would authorize $1.85 billion
"When I finally saw a copy of the over the next three years ($150 million efforts of those groups tryinght discrefeat the
flyer," said a Senate committee aide, "I this fiscal year) in federal funds for a measure honestly and squarely. "I can't
suddenly understood the quantity and variety of child-care and family assistance imagine who is behind this campaign,"
quality of our mail; this is really scare programs: day-care facilities; at-home said McGraw. "Our approach has been to
stuff-the kind of material of which 1984 care and counseling; health educational, urp ber on
nightmares are made." nutritional, and recreational services; pre- everything we do, because we want peo-
Brademas and Mondale, having natal and other medica; care to reduce pie to come and debate with us."
searched the Congressional Record, re- infant and maternal mortality; and early o oe who is behind the
port that while it does, in fact, contain a medical screening to detect handicapping campaign. Richard Fly a reporter from
reference to such a Children's Charter, conditions in young children. the iouston Chronicle, traced one ver-
the quotes have been lifted completely The bill's first priority would be to help sion of the anonymous flyer through a
out of context. The charter was referred poor families with children under 6 yearsTexas, comingfinally
to by Senator Carl Curtis (R-Neb.) during of age. For families that earn less than the to a Richard Burson, the retired director
the 1971 debate on the earlier version of Bureau of Labor Statistics minimum in- of a Bible camp in Kansas Burson told
the child development legislation. Curtis come evel, child-care and family aide se- Fly that he had reprinted about 1,000
who opposed the bill, said in a Senate vices would be free; 6 percent of thethe letter and was astonished to
speech, that in Britain some child devel- bill's funds would be reserved for such see how fa the letter had spread Fstonirther ef-to
opment advocates had even gone so far as families The remainder of the fnd forts to contact Burson have been unsuc-
to draft a charter of children's rights. This would be used to subsidize stae and cessful, as he is reportedly in n intensive
charter, which has never been a part of locally provided services. par care unit in a Kansas hospital n
the current bill or its predecessor, was The legislation emphasizes that partic- One of the ironies of the campai n is
proposed in England, not the U.S., by Bri- pation is completely voluntary, and that ne o the ioi ote camain is
tain's National Council of Civil Liberties. children should not be permitted to that given the political climate in Wash-
The anti-day-care flyer has been widely receive assistance without a specific re- ington, this badly needed measure stands
circulated throughout the country, but quest from their guardians or parents. little chance of becoming law. Through
judging from the origin of the letters Under the bill, public and/or private extensive hearings, Mondale and Bra-
received by members of Congress, its dis- groups within states and localities-not demas have offered the grim statistics
tribution has been widest in the Midwest the federal government-would be about the shortage of facilities across the
and the South. And it seems obvious that charged with determining appropriate i country: there are now from 6- to 7-
most of the protests about the legislation "mixes" of child-care and family aide million single-parent families in the
are coming from people who have read services. Furthermore, the bill is con- nation; half of all American women with
the flyer. About 80 percent of the letters sciously designed to give parents con- children under the age of 18 are working;
contain a reference to the flyer; many of siderable control over such services: half six million children under the age of 6
the protest letters are accompanied by the of the members of the committees which have working mothers, but licensed day-
flyer itself. Misinformation contained in oversee the programs must be parents. care centers have only one million places.
the sheet has also, apparently, been Yet despite these statistics and despite the
widely publicized by the electronic media. support of 28 Senators and m"ore than 100
Recently, Brademas discovered that the Representatives, the measure has no
new director of a television station in his appeal for President Ford, who has
own Congressional district who assumed pledged to block any major new social
that the flyer was factually accurate had welfare spending programs. In the end,
broadcast an editorial based upon its as- the Child and Family Services Act will
sertions. probably be the victim of fiscal restraint,
rather than of the smear campaign which
seems to have frightened so many Ameri-
cans into opposing it.






85
[From U.S. News & World Report, Mar. 1, 1976]
FALSE ALARM
[By Howard Flieger]
Every now and then a reader writes us in words of terror to warn that a
Marxist plot is afoot in Congress to "nationalize" our children-take them
away from the protection or control of their parents and destroy the American
family, utterly and forever.
TIhe volume of mail received here is not a patch on the sacks of it that
have been hitting some congressional offices.
The writers are alarmed over what they've been informed is an insidious
scheme to give youngsters the legal right to disobey their parents, and thus
become pawns of Government-an all-powerful Big Brother to mold their
training, conduct and beliefs.
Strange.
It is strange because there isn't a word of truth in it. No such legislation
is before this Congress, or ever has been.
The specific bill that has so many people disturbed is "The Child and
Family Services Act of 1975." Its authors are Sen. Walter Mondale (Dem.),
of Minnesota, and Rep. John Brademas (Dem)., of Indiana. It is "S. 626" in
the Senate, "HR. 2966" in the House. Read it before you panic.
In its present form, the legislation is both innocent and impotent: innocent
because it would do none of the things attributed to it; impotent because it
isn't going anywhere.
Briefly stated, the proposal is to make federal funds available to help States
and communities provide certain public services for children and their families.
These would include such things as prenatal care, food where needed,
part or full-time day care for children of working mothers, tutoring at home
where deemed useful, medical examination and treatment for certain handi-
capped children, and training for parents and about-to-be-parents.
There is nothing compulsory about the legislation now before the Congress.
Even if the bill were enacted, anyone who felt like it could ignore each and
all of its provisions.
Nothing in it says-or implies-that youngsters have a legal right to
disobey their parents or guardians.
Nowhere does it forbid parental guidance, advice or preference in religious
training. The subject isn't mentioned.
In fact, it says in specific words:
"Nothing in this act shall be construed or applied in such manner as to
infringe upon or usurp the moral and legal rights and responsibilities of parents."
So why all the excitement? It is puzzling to Senator Mondale, one of the
chief sponsors, who says the measure "is being subjected to one of the most
distorted and dishonest attacks I have witnessed m my 15 years of public
service."
There is another practical thing to keep in mind about The Child and
Family Service Act: It would cost a lot of money. Estimates are that an initial
annual expense of 150 million dollars would grow to almost 2 billion by the
third year of operation.
This present Congress is in no mood to add such a burden on taxpayers
who already are making angry noises about waste and the high cost of Govern-
ment. Since this is election year, the measure probably has less chance now
than a year ago, when it was introduced-and that means practically none.
Also, remember the President is demanding that Congress do more to hold
the line on spending. It is a keystone of his campaign to be against this bill,
and any like it.
So everbody can stand at ease.
The bill doesn't provide all those wild thins the letter-writers fear. It
has no realistic chance of adoption. And even should it overcome its rating
as one of the longest shots in istory and somehow be enacted by Congress,
it would be vetoed almost the minute it reached the White House.
The furore is a false alarm. Forget it.








87







f Congress not taking over children
N5 By Robert P. Hey
S Washingo first year of the program, with costs rising to
Suppose you received an anonymous letter $1billion four years later.
claiming that Congress might take away your But the mail campaign flooding Congress
u authority to rear your children as yousee fit has entirely ed the modest hope of spon-
P and give it to the government. Would you sors that they could gain congressional appro-
unquestioningly believe it? val of some kind of compromise bill one
Tens of thousands of Americans apparently which would have begun providing more
have, From all parts of the United States money for health, nursery, and day-care aid
they've been deluging members of Congress than now exists. Although these protesting
for several months with angry letters demand- letters generally are based on misinformation,
ing that Congress reject this proposal It is one congressional sources say they have had an
Sof the heaviest, longest-lasting mail cam- impact on Capitol Hill sufficient to scuttle the
paigns in many years, prospects for compromise.
It is also one of the most disturbing. For the Supporters.of the proposal have not been
anonymous letters on which it is based consist able to find out precisely which groups are
almost entirely of distortions and outright behind the unsigned letter campaign.
falsehoods. A careful examination of the In part it is so persuasive because the fliers
congressional bill they attack shows no section look official and well researched.
of it would give control of children to the But most of the facts are not accurate. The
government, despite the anonymous fliers fliers say, in the words of one, that a "charter
assertions that such a change "is becoming of childrens' rights of the National Council of
part 6f" the proposal. Further, a check of Civil Liberties is becoming part of" the
congressional sources shows no such change proposal. But in fact this "charter" never has
ever was contemplated been connected with the proposal. It is not
On the contrary, the bill aims to aid many connected with any U.S. group but was
American families, especially the poor, by drafted by a British organization, according to
providing day-care facilities for children and Sen. Carl Curtis who introduced the subject of
health assistance. No family would be forced the charter into the Congressional Record in
to participate in such a program it would be 1971.
entirely voluntary. None of the "rights" the flier identifies as
To several congressional sources the most part of the charter the right to sue your
disturbing element with ominous overtones parents for punishment, or to refuse to take
for the future is the depth of Americans' out the garbage has ever been considered as
cynicism about government and public offi- part of the bill despite the allegations of the
cials, as indicated by their automatic accep- anonymous fliers.
lance of the charges as fact. Several congres- Similarly, one flier charges that "the Con-
ional surces familiar with the case believe gressional Record states" that what is at issue
only today's deep wellspring of public dis- is whether parents or the government shall
content makes many American ready to exert control ov. children and the family.
believe the charges right away. This statement leaves the impression that the
Sen. Walter F. Mondale (D) of Minnesota, Congressional Record is an official voice of
the Senate's chief sponsor of the proposal government. Actually, the Congressional
under attack tells this newspaper: "The polls Record is an all-inclusive record of everything
would suggest a total distrust of politicians said on the floor of the U S. Senate and House
and government . [which] may. have of Representatives and includes much
helped create an environment in which people material provided by members of Congress
are willing to believe almost anything and which was not said. but is printed in the
which]-makes us all the less credible when publication anyway.
we as members of Congress try to explain Sponsors of the bill say they cannot find any
what the fats really are." record of such a statement having been made
TheronysthattheMdale proposal by in the Congressional Record. And if it was, it
the Senator's own ad had no real was either made by a member of Congress, or
hace of this year because it would was written material which he had placed in
cot e than Congress felt the government the record and thu, is not official or
could spend in these difficult economic times. unofficial government policy.
SUnder the proposal, sponsored in the House
by Rep. John Brademas () of Indiana, $150 Mr. Hey is stffco r spondent of The
million would have been authorized fr the Christian Science Mont in Washington.






88


CHICAGO DAILY NgWS, Wednesday. Ap 14, 1S


Hatred battles child care
SSOUTH BEND, Ind.-The Indiana country- ing away your children" and "We are in se
side is new and fresh with spring. But from ous danger of Sovietizing' the education of oc
out of this limpid beauty has come a strange children."
Sand dark spewing forth of hatred that has MYSTERIOUS THING f
reached far beyond the borders of Indiana. T T i nne
It star last fall with leaflets this iS anywhere mentioned in the bill. Rign
It started last fall; with anonymous leaflets
passed out all over Indiana. The the leaflets searched and searched and finally found tho
Sot alnparticular points in a "Charter of Childre
appeared n Michigan and in Illols ... Rights," written by two totally unreled B
and in Mine and I riz ish grups. Conversely, the American bi
It all could have been contributed to a few builds strongly on the family and would
nut groups, except that the unsigned flyers got
the uncritical attention of. a lot of responsible
What, then, it going on? Desite conc
people. The Goshen (Ind.) News was taken in What, then, gotic g on? Deministers n
efforts by politicians. ministers and hou
by the hate campaign and wrote a sizzling edi- ves, nobody so fa has been able to tra
Indiana's WSBT radio and IV steions came out with an equally hot-headed editorial, sug- Regardless of whether this bill passes or
gesting that Indiana Congressman John Brade. -and it appears now that it will not-
mas. one of the key targets of the leaflets,
rp;ri rs"hadn't been raised properly."-- ."" -
SHATRED AND INFIGHTING Is nothig bew
0 in the heartland of America, but what is strane by"
-.what is almost incomprehensible tomost sea- Georgie
sible people is bow the real subject of this
campaign could have brought forth such ugly A e
passions. Geyer
The subject, you see, s not foreign aid, or
Angola or even wheat for Russia: the subject is
the children of America..The leaflets were at- crcial element is how much we really
tacking the Child and Family Services Act of about our children in this country.
1975, a bill still in congressional subcommit- Do we care enough about child abuse to
tee. which would provide a three-year program to prevent it? Do we care about helping wo
of much needed day care services, lng mothers who simply cannot- handle
"For the life of me, I cannot understand why home, work and child responsibility? Do
people are so upset about this," Robert Rigney, care about giving American children the
Brademas' home representative and a Notre American value system (not any set ideolog
Dame graduate, said in his office in the federal .system) at an age when it still counts?
building here. "It is on a purely voluntary ba-
sis. It specifically says that the idea is to THE FAMILY.IS CRUMBLING in this co
strengthen the family. How can you be against. try precisely because, as In every advan
for instance, early identification of handicaps industrialized society, too many demands
in children?' made upon parents-and. In particnlar, sin
How, indeed? But- a lot f anoymous, pro. parents. We can't change this. What we
fessional child-lovers are. change is the educational system; we can
The udsigned leaflts. which started the establish it as the formative system that
whole brouhaha and led to editorials across the and supports the parents in the home in a
country, attacked the bill by quoting it as say- nOe real to our epoch.
ing that (1) "All children have the right to I keep wondering why it has never
protection from and compensatinn for any in- to these heroic, anonymous pamphleteers
adequacies in their home and backgrounds (2) It is precisely because of the present situ
Children have the right to freedom from reli- ithat children are turning their backs on
gious or political Indoctrination and (3) Chl- parents' values.
dren shall have the freedom, to make Could this possibly be because their pare
complaints about teachers, parent and others values have not been inculcated by soc
without fear of reprisals." Could this be, perhaps, because w are so
Sbehind the rest of the advanced world in
In effect, they said. "The government is tak- civilized care of our young?







Chicago Daily News

Is American parentalrole in dangir?'
MAR 7 1976


Child services bills stir storm
AND MONDALE, who received the brunt of
y obrt Signer the attacks, decries "the wild and completely _..
0 01or wa'jingtOnl B&.tu k false allegatios."
Of o Wahington B.rea The accusations arose after a two-page mi-
WASHINGTON They come from t ll over. meographed flyer was widely circulated as Seldom does a bill
from ministers in Illiroti from grandmothers \ part of an organized campaign to discredit the th t is going. 'it here
in St. Loui, from schoolteachers in Indianapo- bills, that is going lwhere
IS. o s h a in d o The anonymous flyer purports to quote from ar e such &. dency
Cngt they say, s getting ready to pass '. .' ~ I either the bills or from statements in the Con-
legislation that wil take children away from gressional Record. the daily journal of speech. _
their parents Or will destroy the biblical post. es, statements, reprints of articles and other
ton on family life Or will allow the govern I nformation stemming from House or Senat be provided on a voluntary basis only to chil-
ment to exp et with youngst ers activities. Most of the "quotes," on examina- dren whose parents or guardians request such
usnd all cross the Unitd tion, turn out to be fabrications services."
State hae two bnuil theitr congresomen to The charges have become an election issue "According to the Congressional Record."
denounce two bils t iXs would provide federal .W a + I among some conservative elements. During the anonymous flyer says. "The intent of the
money for thefa:h. t 'ation ard child-care ser- War Modale Adlai Stevenson Alabama Gov. George Wallace' campaign ap- bill s for the government to be responsible ..
ices for American famitir. ONE LETTER WRITTEN to Percy, Steven. n- arMc F l before he March ti~ a for the nutritional interests of your child, for
THE BILLS ARE collecxvely known as the son, Rep. Edward Derwinski (R-Ill.) and Rep. ry, printed legal-sized sheet was distributed all psychological interests of your child."
Chld and Faly Services Act of 1975, and the Henry Hyde (R-I.) from two Illinois couples by local supporters denouncing the family ser Mondale says this statement Is inaccurate
legslat has become one of the major unher- charged that the bills "would transfer my vcs act and "irrelevant to the legislation." The bill
aided cortroxe: es of the 94th Congress. rights as a parent of my own children into the THAT FLYER WAS signed by Nrman Ble specifically prohibits any medical or psycho-
Seldm does a bl that is going nowhere, by hands of HEW (Department of Health. Educa- Jr. who identified himself as a member of the logical examination or treatment unless a
all nformed account. arouse such stridency as tion and Welfare) bureaucrats, social workers Democratic National Committee from Clear- child's parent or guardian provides written
this legs!a'i Both major sposrs. Sen. Wal. or teachers." water, Fla. permission.
ter Morda -D.7Minn) and Rep John Brade- A letter to Rep. Paul Simon (D1-ll.) from Bie says he is not connected with the in- "W'e are in serious danger of 'Sovietzing
mas (D-Ind). ?. said :hey do not expect Huntington Beach. Calif., says the legislation signed flyer, which he described as "not very the education of our children if we let" the
Congrw to ;t on th'.- bil hs h< year. partly would bring "the curse of God upon us." well written." But he says the flyer "did ac- bills pass, the flyer says Mondale counters that
beiu e the thre.-ear authorization of $1 85 A letter to Stevenson from "a concerned complish a good purpose . to call attention the bills' sponsors carefully drafted the legisla.
billion probasby ould induce a veto by Presi. American citizen, mother and schoolteacher." to an insidious move by the f.t"rnI c vern- tion to protect the rights of parents and chil-
dent Ford says: ment to gain the power to further manipulate dre.
Yet the I tters and postcards continue to "If pased, this (bill) would take away our the lives of its citizens and their children." Participation In the program Is voluntary
come in on Capitol Hill. Sen. Adlai Stevenson freedoms and rights as American citizens and Both flyers are pastiches of misinformation and the bill prohibits any practice that would
(D.I.) has received 3.771 letters so far this parents. This bill is certainly against God's and rhetorical excesses. "Infringe upon or usurp the moral and legal
year and Sen. Charles H. Percy (R-Ill.) got family plan." rights and responsibilities of parents or guardi-
8,000 letters last year and more and 4,000 this Bit none of the charges is true, say Mondale. HERE ARE A FEW of the charges that have an."
year. They are not excepti Brademus. Percy. Stevenson, Simon and others been raised against the bills and rebutting in-
Many of the letters ad postcards are simi- involved. Percy and Stevenson are co-sponsors formation provided by Mondale's office: TERE ARE MORE charges, but the upshot
arly worded. some are mim rphed with of the Senate bill. 0 The legislation would take from parents the is alas the same. An examination of the
the name of the legislator to be written In, "The amount of misinformation spread about responsibility to raise their children and give it terms of the bills demonstrates the alegatons
some are handwritten carbon cpies. Whatever the bills is unbelievable." Simon said in a ol. to the government. The letislation, however, to be unfounded.
the formt, the protests are a phenomenon, umn sent to his constituents in Downstate lli- says all programs authorized "must build upon
ois. and strengthen the role of the family and must







90



CHICAGO DAILY NEWS (cont.)







A SIMILAR BILL was passed by Congress ia
1971 but was vetoed by then-President Richard
M. Nixon. He said the bill "would commit the
vast moral authority of the national govern-
ment to the side of communal approaches to;
"There is room for legitimate disagreement child rearing over against the family-centere
on such legislation," Percy has said. "It is un- approach," a charge that the sponsors deny.
fortunate that the attacks against S. 626 (the The bills are supported by more than 100
Senate version) are largely based on irresponsi- religious and civic organizations. Including tlfe
ble misrepresentation of the provisions and PTA, the AFL-CIO, the US. Catholic Confer.-
purposes of the bilL ence, the United Methodist Church and thec
Percy and Stevenson, as well as the other National Education Assn.
-~-~r--- -.- --,-"r
congressmen concerned, have been answerngS
each letter In an attempt to rebut the charges. Some groups, such as the American Federa.
In some cases, people who wrote in to den- tion of Teachers, have raised questions about
ounce the bills or to ask for information have the legislation but not of the kind described In
written back to thank the senators for correct- the outright attacks. The federation, for exam-
ing their misinformation. pie, says the bills should designate public:
Mondale and Brademas say the bills are de- schools as the prime sponsors of programs.
signcd to provide child and family services that Opposing groups include the American Co.-
they believe are sorely needed. They note, for servative Union and tbfh Natinn. t (rmu 'n.fe".
example, that 40 per cent of the young chil- '""-' -- -- -- -.---..-.
dren in the United States have not been imm..- Children, a group that was formed to work
S. 4 -with local organizatlons to fight wha t t de-.
nized fully against childhood diseases and tt scribes as growing control of students by pro
the U.S. Infant mortality rate is higher thaa .fessional educators.
that of 13 other countries *
Ih any case, as Rep. Robert McClory (R-Ill.)
They stress the voluntary nature of the pro-. tl h constituents this month In a newslet-
told his constituents this month In a newslet.'
grams.. ter, "It should be conceded that committee or
House action on this measure is most unlikely
during this session of Congress."
But oh, those letters.








f The South's Oldest Daily Newspaper


CHARLESTON, S.C., MARCH 7, 1976


A Lot Of Excitement For Nothing
A number of readers have been writing us pected depth of public cynicism about govern-
alleging Congress is about to take away parents' ment and public officials, as indicated by the
authority to raise children. We are happy to public's automatic acceptance of the charges as
report the panic appears to be premature, fact.
The bill which has so many people excited is Several congressional sources familiar with the
"The Child and Family Services Act of 1975." Its case, the Monitor goes on to say, beieve today's
authors are Sen. Walter Mondale of Minnesota deep well-spring of public discontent makes many
which may explain some of the uproar among Americans ready to telieve the charges right
News and Courier subscribers, at least and away.
Rep. John Brademas of Indiana. It is "S. 626"
in the Senate and "H.R. 2966" in the House of Maybe so, yet there is definitely thought about
Representatives, taking children from their parents in order to
"Read it, before you panic," advises an editori- "improve" their minds. In The News and Courier
al in U.S. News & World Report. That sums up the a few days ago was an account of an interview
attitude of other responsible journals whose edi- with a local physician which put forward in an
tors have had a chance to make a study, admittedly tentative fashion exactly that prop-
"A careful examination...shows no section of osition. "Physician Cites Values of Early Inter-
it that would give control of children to the vention" was the way our headline writer put it -
government," adds The Christian Science Moni- meaning "intervention" between parent and
tor. "Further, a check of congressional sources child.
shows that no such change ever was contemplat- That suggests something to think about for the
ed." future, but in the meantime don't worry about the
What all the alarm is about, we suspect, is that Mondale-Brademas bill. It is not going anywhere.
the bill does aim to aid many families by "The bill doesn't provide all those wild things
providing day-care for children and health assist- the letterwriters fear," says U.S. News & World
ance. No family would be compelled to partici- Report. "It has no realistic chance of adoption.
pate in such a program, however. And even if it should overcome its rating as one of
To several congressional sources, the Monitor the longest shots in history and somehow be
adds, the disturbing element of an apparently enacted by Congress, it would be vetoed almost
untruthful campaign being waged against the the minute it reached the White House. The furor
Family Services Act is that it reveals an unsus- is a false alarm. Forget it."






92












THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1976




A Ranting Mail Campaign

ONE OF THE COMMON expressions of citizen opinion come a federal law protecting them from the bother
is the mail campaign directed at Washington from garbage duty, we know of no one familiar with
the rest of the country. Well organized, constituent Child and Family Services Act who believes the bill
sentiment voiced via letters and telegrams is not ignored anything like what this mail campaig makes it out
lightly by senators and representatives, even when there be. The charges are false and absurd. Thisoma an
is good reason to believe that these outbursts of citizen campaign-it began in the area of Oklahoma and Te
expression are nothing more than carefully orchestrated but soon moved to points North and East-is d
propaganda blitzes. A current example involves letters counter because the letters areunsigned. The send
directed against legislation before the Senate that would want no dialogue.
enact the Child and Family Services Act. The bill itself, a similar version of which was vet
enact the Child and Family Services Act.
in 1971 by former President Nixon, offers to families (o
Since early November, Sen. Walter F. Mondale (D- a voluntary basis) services involving health, educati
Minn.) has been getting between 500 and 600 letters and child care. It has wide endorsement-from the PT
daily. Inside the envelopes are flyers making the charge and AFL-CIO to the American Academy of Pediatris.
that the bill "would take the responsibility of the par- anything, the bill promises to strengthen family
ents to raise their children and give it to the govern- What is needed now is debate on the specifics of th
ment." Not only will government officials physically bill-the services to be offered, the costs. It is regre
"enter the home and direct the education" of the chil- ble that the mail campaign has avoided these question
dren, the flyer says, but the American methods of rais- Without doubt, many of those who went to the troub
ing our young will become a duplicate of the "Soviet- of sending the flyers have sincere and strongly he
style system of communal child-rearing." In addition, feelings on the subject. Their views might have
warns the flyer, parents will have no rights to demand more useful to the debate, however, had the letter writ
that their children attend church, nor could parents been a little better informed by the promoters of
even insist that junior take out the garbage, campaign about what it was they wp-e supposed
While we know a number of children who would wel- be denouncing.
I






Tl9a, February 3 197 ta r


Even Nonexistent Parts of Child Bill Draw Fire

By Martha Angle does, indeed, deal with so. relying on as they write to backgrounds." the flyer AfTER extensive re- director to complain, he
wasinM.a s tau f cial services for children protest the bill. "We think quotes the charter as say- search, backers of the Child admitted he hadn't read the
From ll over theco and their families, the some of it is originating in ing. and Family Services Act bill or bothered to call me
rothe ma is fooding measure bears no resem- McLean, Va. and in Wash- "In other words," the lit. have traced the Congres- for an explanation of its
.i toe il floongr, blance whatever to the ington, but we can't identify erature explains, "never sional Record quotations contents. hey ultimately
pitl Hll angrye catalog of horrors which the sponsors as yet," he unish your child because cited in the anonymous broadcast a retraction.
hysterical lettersometimes roduced the mail attack said. he may come back on you scare literature back to the
ents convinced that o- now inundating Capitol Hill. The principal document with a civil suit." 1971 Senate debate on the THE PROBLEM, Brade-
Sis about to sp them Furthermore, the legisla- angry constituents seem to Another charter excerpt predecessor legislation mas said, is that "once you
of c atrol over their own tiis going nowhere in the be accepting as gospel is a reads: "Children have the which Nixon vetoed, tell the big lie, it's very dif-
chldren, current Congress, so the two page, unsig ned right to protection from any The quotations, they have ficult to correct. I don't
"Ae you people out of pponents are beating a mimeographed flyer entit. excessive clhims made on discovered, were drawn mind criticism of the bill,
Sou ole out of horse already dead on its lent angry constituents them by their parents or from extraneous material and I don't mind o position
your minds. If you want feet seem to be accepting as authority." inserted into the Record by there's plenty o room for
children have your own Althou 12 days of oint gospel is a two-page, un- Sen. Carl Curtis, R-Neb., disagreement.
but keep your hands o House-Senate earins sined mimeographed flyer THE CIRCULAR inter- none of which had anything "hat I do object to is
Salem, re., told Sn. Wal- were held on the bill last entitled, "Raising Children prets this "right" to mean to do with the bill then this deliberate falsification
e F. M le., -Minn. year, Mondale and Brade- Government's or Parents that "if the mother or fa- under consideration let of the contents of the legis-
r"H completely outra- mas both concede that tight Riht?" ther asked the child to take alone the existing proposal. lation," Brademas said.
How co nty out budgetary constraints This anonymous circular, the garbage out and the There is plenty of legiti
e n freedom shuntry fould virtually preclude adoption which urges readers to child doesn't want to, the The "Charter of Chil- mate opposition to the bill
ed on freedom should newsocial write to President Ford and parents have no right to in- dren's Rights," which the which would provide up to
presume that they have the aexpe w o i h sistonit" care pamphlet contends $1.8 billion over the next
right to take the freedom of program at this time. their congressmen, asserts sist on it." scare pamphlet ontn billion over e next
the Mondale-Bademas bill "Children have the right has been incorporated into few years for day care,
t cldren from the
trann childre n rom thedin- WHAT AS apparently "would take the responsi- to freedom from religious the Mondale-Brademas maternal and child heath
ro .,t couplte an touched off the deluge of bility of the parents to raise or political indoctrination," bill, was actually the prod- programs, food and nutri-
would Congress protest mail is the wide- their children and give it to the next alleged charter ex- uct of a British organiation tional services and aid for
pas ch an absurd lCnread distribution, in the government." cerpt states. and has never received any handicapped children.
pArest an absurd bill? c ain-letter fashion, of "That means," the flyer consideration in this coun- The Ford administration,
re ofamily men anonym mimeographed QUOTING FROM the helpfully explains at ry like the Nixon Whie House
ase a incoln Ar. scare liteture urportin Congressional Record, you have no right to insist Brademas said it was bad before it, opposes the legis-
coln to describe the conts without identifying the on taking them to church, if enough to have "outright laton for both fiscal and
ple. the Mondale-Brademas source of the material cited they do not wish to go. This falsifications" spread phlosophical reasons.
A. THEE ad most bill. nor the date it appeared, also means they have the around the country by uni- "We do not believe that
Stters and most Both the literature, and the flyer claims the "Char- freedom to insist that they dentified "right wing radi. the American people have
of the letters now swamp- the resulting mail, began ter of Children's Rights of be taught nothing, nor any cal extremists," but added reached a consensus that
ice ve an co ate o surfacing last fall, and the the National Council on ideas, about God. that the misrepre ntations the federal government
tal ve m i cn mmon is a campaign has accelerated Civil Liberties" has been The only difficulty with have been multiplied by should proide the kind of
tl isa nctn po in recent wee. Mondale' made "a part of" the pend- all this is that it is a pure irresponsible news apers mass developmental day
eg office alone is receiving ing legislation. fabrication, at least as far and broadcast outet in care for pre-school children
bill wic has e about 1.600 letters a week It then proceeds to quote as the actual legislation many states. envisioned in this bill" aid
te abll the upras tene on the Child and Family excerpts from this charter now before Congress is con- former HEW Secretary
a o allChi and Fam Services Act, nearly all of it and to embelish the cita- cerned. "On the major television Caspar W. Weinberg in
Aroposed Chil d a by furiously criticizing non tions with explanatory "It's a complete fraud," station in my own town testimony last summer.
Mondle nd ep. John existent provisions of the comments. Mondale said. "None of it is (South Bend, Ind), I heard Nonetheless, approxi-
Mandae and Re. Joht bill. "All children have the in our bill, but people think a very sarcastic attack on mately 100 major educa-
Braemas, D d. It is a right to protection from, it's fact. There's so much the bill which was obviously tional, religious, charitable
revised version of legisla- Brademas said no one in and compensation for, the cynicism and frustration based on this scare litera- and civic groups across the
tion approved by Congress Congress has been able to consequences of any inade- about government, they're ture," he said. nation have endorsed the
in 1971 but vetoed by then pinpoint responsibility for quacies in their homes and ready to believe anything." "When I called the news measure.
President Nixon, the inflamatory literature
Except for the fact that it most parents seem to be






94


The Washington Star (cont.)


,These 'nclude such i-,- enmphasizes that all services
yverse .org~nitzi~ns ae t.e provided are available od a
Nationil-Education Associ- purely voluntay basis, apd
ktion, t.he Slvation Ar1y; that the underi ng objec-
the Southern fiAptist Coh- tive of the bill is to
Vention, the National PTA, "'strengthen family lifd,"
'the AFL-CIO, American rather than destroy it, as
Academy of Pediatrics, critics fear.
B'nai B'rith, Boys Club of "I've got a lot of resp4ct
America and the National for the good judgment and
'Association for Retarded honesty of the American
Children. -, people," Mondale said.
"This smear campaign
PARTLY IN response to may very well backfire on
criticism of the 1971 bill, the those who are conducting it.
sponsors have stressed "It may take time, but
parental participation and the need for child and fami-
supervision in most of the ly services legislation has
programs outlined in the been, well documented.
current legislation. Sooner or later, we'll suc-
The measure repeatedly ceed in passing it," he said.