Ul 3 KA '.
TE PLANT BOARD
UNITED STATES D)EPARThENT OF AGRICULTEE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AIINISTRATION BUREA( OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE Washington 23, D. C.
B. E. P. Q. 578-1, Revised August 23, 1952
SMMARY OF STATE NURSERY-STOCK SHIPPING REQUIREMENTS AND PLANT
QUARANTINES AND REGULATIONS AFFECTING INTERSTATE SHIPMENT
The information contained in this summary was compiled from material
received from the plant quarantine official,.of Alabama. and has been approved by him. It is issued for the convenience of plant quarantine inspectors, shippers, transportation agents, truckers, and others concerned in the interstate movement of plants, plant products, and other materials
subject to State regulation on account of plant pests.
The summary for Alabama gives the general requirements for shipping
nursery stock into that State, as well as digests of the State plant quarantines and regulations affecting interstate shipments. An appendix fur nishes information on post-office requirements for mailing plants, as well
as terminal-inspection procedure. This summary does not include digests
of nursery-stock or plant-quarantine requirements relating to the movement
of plants entirely within the State.
'The information contained in this circular was prepared by Juliet H.
Carrington, Division of Plant Quarantines, and. is believed to be correct and complete up to the time of preparation,. but It is not iritended to be
used independently of or as a substitute for the original texts of the
regulations and quarantines, and it is not to be interpreted'as legally authoritative. For detailed information address the Chief, Division of
Plant Industry, State Department of Agriculture and Industries, 515
Dexter Avenue, Montgomery 1, Alabama.
In addition to State requirements, shippers will need to take into
consideration applicable plant qui-rantines of the United States Department
of Agriculture. In most instances these quarantines regulate the interstate movement of specified plants, plant products, and other articles
from 'designated regulated areas. However, some of these quarantines regulate the interstate movement of certain articles into designated protected
areas. Copies of such quarantines may be obtained from the Bureau of
Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Washington 25, D. C.
Chief, Burt aofEnooloP and
Alabama nursery -stock
Summary of General Nursery-Stock Shipping Requirements
(Code of Ala. 1940, title 2.,ch.l,art.2 ,ecs.452,453,455;
Nursery Regulation No. 1, effective Oct. 24, 1943)
Definition of Nursery Stock. --The term "nursery stock" shall include all plants, trees,. shrubs, vines, cuttings, grafts, scions, and buds grown or kept for or capable of propagation, distribution, or sale, provided, however, that vegetable and other softwood annual herbaceous plants, when apparently free from injurious insect peste and diseases, shall not be considered as nursery stock.
General Shipping Requirements. --Each container of nursery stock delivered in the State must be accompanied by an Alabama certificate tag or an inspec tion tag of the Federal Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. Shipments not so tagged shall not be delivered by ay transportation company until the Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries or his agent has given his permission to do so. One tag on a container does not cover individual orders therein.
An out-of -State nurseryman's noncitrus certificate may be obtained by filing with the Alabama Division of Plant Industry a valid Inspection certificate of the State of origin, accompanied by a fee of $10. An out-ofState dealer must file with the Division a list of all nurseries from which he will buy stock during the ensuing season, accompanied by a fee of $10. Certificate tags will be furnished at cost to nurserymen and dealers holding proper certificates. However, reciprocal agreements may be entered into between plant quarantine officials of Alabama and other States whereby such certificates may be issued in each such State without charge, a *nd the use of the tag of the-State of destination may not be required. An agent's certificate can be obtained only through the nutrseryman or dealer whom he represents, on payment of a fee of-41. All. certificates expire on September 30 following date of issue.
When deemed necessary by the Commissioner or his agent, all trees, scions, and budsticlcs must be properly fumigated or sprayed before being moved into the State.
Alabama has regulations governing professional services pertaining to entomological, pathological, horticultural, floricultural, and tree -surgery work.
Special permits may be issued by the Chief of the Division of Plant Industry for the movement into Alabama of any quarantined plants, seeds, or plant products that are needed for experimental purposes by the U. S. Department of Agriculture or the Alabama Experiment Station.
Alabama nursery -otook
Special Poquiroments for Citrus Nursery Stock.
Any nurseryman desiring to ship citrus nursery stock into Alabama must file with the Alabama Division of Plant Industry an Inspection certificate of his own State showing (1) that citrus canker has not been found within
1 mile of the nursery during the previous 2 years, or within 5 miles during the past year; and (2) that the nursery has been carefully inspected at least 3 times during the previous 1.2 months at intervals of at least 30 days between inspections. The applicant or his State inspection official
must submit "other information apparently affording reasonable assurance against the importation of purple scale, camphor scale, scaly bark, and other seriously injurious insect pests and diseases." In addition to the above requirements, special Alabama citrus permits issued by the Chief of the Division of Plant Industry are required for shipment into Alabama by out-of -State nurseries of plants and parts, such as budwood, graf twood, and seed, of all species and varieties of citrus, including Poncirus trifoliata. Alabama citrus permits expire on September 30 following date of isue.,
No permits are required for the movement into Alabama of citrus fruits for eating purposes.
Citrus budwood permits will be issued to others than nurserymen When application is accompanied by proper evidence of satisfactory inspection. Such permits remain in force only for the budding season.
All citrus nursery stock must be defoliated before shipment into
Special Certificates Required for Strawberry and Kudzu
Certificates for shipping strawberry plants and kudzu plants or crowns into Alabama are required and may be obtained on receipt of a certificate of Inspection of the State of origin and the payment of a fee of $1. These certificates expire on September 30. Certificates for kudzu are issued only to growers.
LivingInsects and Plant Diseases
(Ala. Agri. Code, 1940, sec. 461)T
"Introduction of pests and diseases.--The introduction into this State of any live insect or specimen of any disease injurious to plants, except under a special permit issued by the board or commissioner is hereby prohibi-te d. "
Summary of State Plant Quarantines Camellia Flower Blight
(Quarantine No. s, rev!sd effective Feb. 14, 1952)
Prohibited producte.--Balled and potted camellia plants and cut camellia flowers may not be moved into Alabama from the infected areas. Restricted products.--Camellia plants free from soil will be admitted from
the infected areas when accompanied by certification of the State of origin affirming that the buds showed no trace of color on the day of shipment.
Restricted material from States not maintaining restrictions against the infected areas may be shipped into Alabama, provided the grower, dealer, or nurseryman furnishes affidavit that he has not received or will not receive any camellia plants with soil attached and buds showing any tranco of color, or camellia flowers from the designated infected areas. Infected aroas
C.lifornia: Entire State
Georgia: Property known as 3629 Tuxedo Road, Tuxedo Park Community,
Atlanta, Fulton County, as described
Louisiana: Caddo Parish: That portion of the city of Shreveport described; Ouachita Parish: Those portions of the city of
Monroe described; and Orleans Parish: That part of the
city of Now Orleans described
North Carolina: Brunswick Cotuty: That part of the county lying east of
U. S. Highway No. 17, as described Oregon: Entire State
(Quarantine No. 1, revised effective Feb. 14, 1952)
Regulated products.--All almond, apricot, nectarine, peach, and plum nursery stock.
Conditions governing shipment.--Transportation of the regulated products from any regulated area into, within, or from Alabama is permitted only
when there is securely attached to the outside of each shipment a nurseryinspection certificate of the State of origin, together with the name and address of the consignor.
Requirements for issuing certificates.--Certificates or permits shall be issued only on the following conditions: (1) Each nursery in the phonypeach infected areas shall apply to tho State plant quarantine official for approval of the proposed nursery-growing site on or before August 15 of
each year; (2) selected nursery sites should be t least 300 yards from
wild plum, mile from phony-infected commercial orchards, and ; mile from urban areas; (3) the --mile environs of the nursery site shall be inspected prior to October 1, and all phony trees found shall be removed prior to November 1; and (4) all budding shall be restricted to the slipbud method.
These restrictions do not apply to shipments of regulated products to the U. S. Department of Agriculture or to other recognized institutions for scientific purposes, except that a special permit must be secured for the movement of such products into or within Alabama.
Alabama: Entire State
Florida: Entire State
Georgia: Entire State
Arkansas: Counties of Arkansas, Ashley, Bradley, Chicot, Columbia,
Crittenden, Cross, Desha, Drew, Hempstead, Howard,
Jefferson, Johnson, Lafayette, Lee, Lincoln,
Little River, Miller, Monroe, Nevada, Phillips, Pike,
St. Francis, Sevier, Union, Woodruff
Louisiana: Parishes of Bienville, Bossier, Caddo, Claiborne,
De Soto, Jackson, Lincoln, Morehouse, Natchitoches,
Ouachita, Red River, Union
Phony Peach (Cont.)
Regulated areas (Cont.)
Mississippi: Entire State, except counties of Benton, Bolivar,
Calhoun, Choctaw, Clay, De Soto, Grenada, Humphreys,
Issaquena, Itawamba, Jasper, Kemper, Leflore, Lowndes,
Madison, Marshall, Montgomery, Noxubee, Oktibbeha, Panola, Pontotoc, Quitznan, Sharkey, Tallahatchie,
Tate, Tippah, Tishomingo, Winston, Yalobusha
Missouri: County of Dunklin
North Carolina: Counties of Anson, Cumberland, Gaston, Hoke, Polk,
South Carolina: Counties of Aiken, Allendale, Barnwell, Cherokee,
Chesterfield, Edgefield, Greenville, Laurens,
Lexington, Orangeburg, Saluda, Spartanburg, Sumter,
Tennessee: Counties of Dyer, Fayette, Hardeman, Hardin,
Texas: Counties of Anderson, Bexar, Camp, Cherokee, Henderson,
Limestone, McLennan, Milam, Panola, Rusk, San Augustine,
Potato Tuber Moth, Nematodes, and Various Potato Diseases
(Regulation 3, -r4V.sed effective Oct. 9, 1941)
Seed potatoes from any State or Territory of the United States must not be moved into or offered for sale in Alabama as "certified seed Irish potatoes" unless there is affixed to each container an official certificate tag issued at origin and unless sacks are closed by a lead seal or mechanical sealer. The certificate must indicate the source of foundation stock, that the potatoes have been inspected twice in the field and again at time of shipment, that tolerwices for insect pests and diseases do not exceed percentages specified in the regulation, and that the identity of the potatoes as certified potatoes has been maintained in storage and in shipping.
Certified seed potatoes may be tested in Alabama at the request of the grower for diseases and yield and "if found more suitable to Alabama conditions, they will be eligible for recommendation and so designated by the label., 'Tested and approved in Alabamak" Growers desiring such trial tests must file their requests not later than December 15 of each year with thu Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries.
Uncertified potatoes entering Alabama for seed purposes "must NOT have tags attached with any statement thereon reading or implying that the seed potatoes contained therein are of superior quality,_ personally certified,
registered, or selectedd"
quar ant ine
SEED SWEETPOTATOES AND SWEETPOTATO PLANTS
Sweetpotato Diseases and Nematodes
(Regulation 2, revised effective June 1, 1948)
Nonresident growers wishing to move seed sweetpotatoes into Alabama
must file with the Chief of the Division of Plant Industry a duplicate inspection certificate of the State of origin, showing that at least two inspections, not less than 15 days apart, were made of the sweetpotatoes while growing in the field, and at least one inspection was made of the sweetpotatoes in storage. The certificate must also show that Alabama tolerances for the presence of stem rot, black rot, mosaic, and nematodes have been met.
Any person wishing to move sweetpotato planto or vines into Alabama
must file with the Division of Flant Industry a duplicate inspection certificate of the State of origin showing that such plants were inspected at least twice in the field, once in storage, and once in the plant bed and found free of diseases as required. In addition, he must file a signed statement that such plants or vines were produced only from certified seed sweetpotatoes that were treated before planting, as specified in the regulation.
Upon receipt of such certificates and the affidavit of the grower, the Division of Plant Industry will supply him with seed-sweetpotato or sweetpotato-plant certificate tags at reasonable cost. A certificate tag must be attached to each container of seed sweetpotatoes or sweetpotato plants
or vines shipped into Alabama, and sweetpotato plants or vines must be in bundles of 100 tied with certificate tape issued by the Division of Plant Industry or by the State of origin.
No sweetpotatoes, sweetpotato plants, or vines produced within the areas that have been designated by Alabama as infested with sweetpotato weevil shall be eligible for certification.
Sweet otato Weevil
(Quarantine No. 2, Revised effective Feb. 14, 1952)
Restricted material.--Sweetpotato roots or tubers, plants, vines, or parts thereof; vines or roots of other plants of the genus Ipomoea; and such other plants as may be found to be hosts of the sweetpotato weevIl.
Conditions of movement.--Restricted material may not be moved from any
regulated area into, within, or from Alaboma unless accompanied by a valid sweetpotato weevil quarantine certificate of the State of origin upon determination that such material is apparently weevil-free and so produced, packed, and handled as to eliminate risk of spread of the weevil. Sweetpotatoes from regulated areas must be certified as having been fumigated with methyl bromide.
No restricted material from other States shall be admitted into
Alabama unless accompanied by State-of-origin certification as to origin
for material from a nonregulated area.
No certificates shall be issued. for movement of restricted material from the regulated area of Alabama into any State which prohibits such entry.
These restrictions do not apply to shipments of restricted material, under proper safeguards, to the U. S. Department of Agriculture or to recognized State institutional for scientific purposes, except that a special permit issued by an authorized State or Federal inspector must be attached to each container of such material.
Alabama: Those portions of Baldwin and Mobile Counties described
Florida: Entire State, except counties of Bay, Calhoun, Franklin,
Gulf, Holmes, Liberty, Okaloosa, Wakulla, Walton,
Georgia: Counties of Appling, Bacon, Baker, Ben Hill, Charlton,
Coffee, Dooly, Dougherty, Early, Grady, Irwin,
Jeff Davis, itnier, Lee, Lowndes, Mitchell, Pierce,
Seminole, Terrell, Thomas, Toombs
Louisiana: All parishes south of and including Sabine, Natchitoches,
Grant, Rapides, Avoyelles, Pointe Coupee, West Baton
Rouge, East Feliciana, St. Helena, Tangipahoa,
Sweetpotato Weevil (Cont.)
Regulated areas (Cont.)
Mississippi: Forrest, George, Hancock, Harrison, Jackson, Lamar,
Marion, Pearl River, Pike, Walthall
South Carolina: Charleston County
Texas: Counties of Cass, Marion, Wood, Van Zandt, Smith, and
all counties south of and including Jeff Davis, Pecos,
Crane, Upton, Reagan, Irion, Schleicher, Concho,
McCulloch, San Saba, Lampasa, Hamilton, Bosque, Hill,
Limestone, Falls, Milm, Burleson, Brazos, Grimes, Walker, Houston, Cherokee, Nacogdoches, and Panola,
except Brewster and Shelby
The foregoing summary was reviewed and approved on April 22, 1952, by SP Livinaston, Chief, Division of Plant Industry.
Requirements for MailingPlants and Plant Products
Under the postal laws and regulations, nursery stock, including all field-gown florists' stock, trees, shrubs, vines, cuttings, grafts, scions, buds, fruit pits, and other seeds of fruit and ornamental trees or shrubs, and other plants and plant products for propagation, including strawberry plants (except field, vegetable, and flower seeds, beddin _, plants and other herbaceous plants, bulbs, end roots), my be admitted to the mails only when accompanied by a State inspection certificate to the effect that the nursery or premises from which such stock Is shipped has been inspected within a year arid found free from inju~rious insects an1d plant diseases. Parcels containing such nursery stock must be plainly marked to show the nature of' the contents and the name and address of the
sender. (Postal Laws and Regulations 19148, sec. 3527(b ) Inspection and certification must be done by a plant quarantine official of the State of
origin. An individual mailing of such plants or plant products, if from uninspected premises, will also be accepted upon examination and certification by a State plant quarantine official. The address of the Alabama
plant quarantine official is given in the preceding summary.
Terminal Inspection of Mail Shipments of Plants and. Plant Products
(Act.Mar. 4, 1915, as amended Juno 4, 1936z Postal Laws and Regulations 1949, sec. 35.,29)
Establishment of TerminalInspection. --Any State desiring to operate under the provisions of the terminal inspection law so as to regulate the movement of mall shipments of' plants and plant products into (or within) the State may, after having provided therefor at State expense -aid having designated one or more places where inspection will be maintained, arrange to have such mail shipments turned over to State plant quarantine inspectors for examination at designated inspection points. Application will bo made to the Secretary of Agriculture by submitting a list of plants and plant products and the plant pests transmitted thereby, which are to be examined. The list, when approved in whole or in part, will be transmitted to the Postmaster General whereupopr postmasters will be informed and instructed.
Anyone mailing a parcel containing any plants or -plant products addressed to any place within a State maintaining terminal inspection thereof is required, under the law, to have the parcel plainly marked on the outside to show the nature of the contents. Materials shipped under Federal quarantine certificates issued by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine may be exempted. from terminal inspection at the option of the
Under the provisions of the 1936 amendment to the law, any State may
arrange through Federal channels, after approval by the Secretary of Ariculture as indicated above, to regulate or prohibit the movement into (or within) the State of mail shipments of designated plants and plant products the movement of which would constitute a violation of State plant quarantine laws or regulations.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 1262 09314 6271
'TMra Iseto Procedlire. --Upon arrival in any State "44A
temina Inspetion, plants or plant products named on the approved list r will be forwarded by the postmaster at destination to the nearest inspection point. If the plants or plant products are found, upon inspect ion., to be free from Itnjurious pests and not in violation of any plant quarantine or regulation of the State of destination or the United States Department of Agriculture, or if' disinfested when they are found infested, such plants or plant products will then be forwarded by the postmaster at the point of inspection to the addressee upon payment of postage.
If plants or plant products, upon inspection, are found to be infested with injurious pests and cannot be satisfactorily disinfested, or are in violation of any plant quarantine or regulation. of the State of destination or the United States Department of Agriculture, the postmaster upon notification by the State inspector will inform the sender that the parcel will 'be returned to him upon his request anid at his expense. In default of such request the parcel wil-l be turned over to the State authorities for destruction.
Terminal inspection of plants and plant products is now maintained
by Arizona, Arkansas, California, Di stric1_t of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Oregon, Puerto Rico, Utah, and
Washington. Plants and plant -products subject to terminal inspection and places where terminal-inspection service is maintained are listed at the end of the summary of the general nursery-stock shipping requirements for each of the above-mentioned States, District, and Territories.
Procedure for Paying ForwardingPostage .--Methods of paying forwarding postage are provided to expedite the handling of parcels subject to terminial inspection, as follows: (1) The addressee mayi have the parcels addressed to himself in care of the State inspector at a designated terminalinspection point in the State of' destination and provide the inspector with postage for forwarding the inspected plants; or (2) the addressee may arrange with the sender to place on the 'parcels a pledge reading, "Forwarding postage guaranteed," whereupon the additional postage for forwarding will be collected from the addressee.