UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTTU Z BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QJJARILYTINE Washington, D. C.
AZhUNISTRAT IVE IrSTRTJCT IONS
THE SHIPMENT OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FROM HAIVAII TO THE
MAINLAND SLMJECT TO STERILIZATION UMDER SUPERVISION IS AUTHORIZED
(Approved October 19, 1938; effective November 1, 1938)
Extesiv exeriments have demonstrated that holding of fruits
ad .Egetaesat ertai prsrbd eprtrsfr Cranpeid
will killtallaes of cethen prescieerreaue frifo and.ten meionfsy Avalibl datasugesto tht ceeran uit an eetabe meosubAvected. tot suchgtetent withotaiaffectn thegaltablit my and makectbilty. suhtreatment inwioaffrutitnd. vhereltabl ad resrbd ktalty.e ureadent supervisi of inspetos ofd vtle Bra ofetomolog and.plranturesrnte and.rvthiohandling ctof the raeduroaucts underoloupervisins Qasaton prvnth reinetlin wil phreclude thedupossibler inuteroducion sofa tes pestsento theatind and. thele foloin wotreatiments are prescribed:
1. Cooling until the approximate center of the
fruit or vegetable reaches a temperature of 35 0F. and holding the fruit or vegetable so the inside temperature does not exceed 350 F.
for a period of 15 days.
2. Heating the fruit or vegetable until thc
approximate center roaches 1100 F. and holding this temperature for a period of 8 hours.
On the basis of evidence obtained and under the authority contained in the first proviso of regulation 2 of the rules and regulations supplemental to Quarantine 13, provision is hereby made for the certification of fruits and vegetables for movement from the Territory of Hawaii into or through any State, Territory, or District of the United States when treatments are applied in Hawaii at plants designated for this purpose by the United States Department of Agriculture and under the supervision of the inspectors of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, provided that in the issuance of permits fruits and vegetables so treated shall be moved and handled by the treating plant and loaded on ships in a manner which, in the judgment of the inspectors, will preclude fruitfly infestation subsequent to treatment.
UNIVERSITY 0F Flo IDA
3 1262 09314 6404
In authorizing the entry of fruits- end vegetables into the mainland of the United States under the provisions of this circular, it should be emphasized that inexactness end carelessness in applying the treatment may result in injury to fruits or vegetables or to their rejection.
The treatment required under the provisions of this circular represents the requirements necessary for the elimination of pest risk and no liability shall be attached to the United States Department of Agriculture or to any officer or representative of that Department in event of injury resulting to fruit or vegetable offered for entry under the provisions of this circular.. It should also be omphasizod that evidence based on trial shipments under conditions of transportation from Hawaii is not available to demonstrate that fruits and vegetables will be marketable after the application of the treatments here authorized, and that any fruits or vegetables treated and shipped under the provisions of this circular are at the risk of the shipper.
LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entonolcgy and Plant Quarantine.