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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Agricultural Research Administration
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington 25, D. C.
B. E. P. Q. 476, Revised March 6, 1951
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS
COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA
This revision of the plant quarantine import restrictions of
the Commonwealth of Australia appears to be necessary on
account of the numerous Proclamations and Statutory Rules
which have been issued since the original summary was issued.
It has been prepared for the information of nurserymen, plant
quarantine officials, and others interested in the exportation
of plants and plant products to any State in Australia.
The digest was prepared by Richard Faxon, Division of Foreign
Plant Quarantines, from the Proclamations and Statutory Rules
published in the Commonwealth Gazette up to and including those
dated October 19, 1950 and November 9, 1950. It was reviewed
by the Director of Quarantine (Plants) in Canberra.
The information contained in this circular is believed to be
correct and complete up to the time of preparation, but it is
not intended to be used independently of, nor as a substitute
for, the texts, and it is not to be interpreted as legally
PLANT QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS
COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA
The Quarantine Act 1908-1947
: (Plants Division)
Under.the Quarantine Act 1908-47, -the Governor-General in and over the
Commonwealth of Australia has by proclamation prohibited the intro-
duction of "declared diseases" and various plants into Australia, and
has made statutory rules regulating the importation of plants and
SUMMARY OF PROCLAMATIONS (QUARANTINE ACT) PLANTS DIVISION
IN FORCE ON SEPTEMBER 27, 1950
(Proclamations not affecting shipments of plants and plant products
from the United States .to Australia have been omitted.).
QUARANTINE AND PERMIT
IP. All plants imported into Australia from overseas shall be sub-
ject to quarantine. No plants shall be delivered until a permit has
been issued by the Chief Quarantine Officer (Plants). (See also. Reg.l 17)
PORTS. OF LANDING FOR PLANTS,
3P, 13P, & 23P.
Sydney and Newcastle, New South Wales.
Melbourne and Geelong, Victoria.
Burnie, Devonport, Hobart and Launceston, Tasmania.
.Port Adelaide, South Australia.
Albany, Broome, Carnarvon, Fremantle and Geraldton, Western
Bowen, Brisbane, Cairnlms, Rockhampton and Townsville, Queensland.
Port Darwin, Northern Territory.
Port Kennedy, Thursday Island (food materials only).
Thirty-eight Quarantine Stations have been established in various States
where plants may be retained for observation.
Various plant diseases, insects and weed pests have been declared dis-
eases affecting plants by proclamation and their introduction into
Australia prohibited. (See Proclamations 4P, 5P, 21P, and 22P, pp.12-18.)
PLANTS PROHIBITED EXCEPT IN ACCORDANCE WITH
QUARANTINE (PLANTS) REGULATIONS
8P. The importation into Australia of the following plants shall be pro-
hibited, except in accordance with the Quarantine (Plants) Regulations
which usually require a permit issued by the Minister or the Director
2. COTTONSEED and COTTON LINT (raw cotton) (Regs. 22 & 22A.)
7. HOPS, which are the commercial product of hop plants grown
in countries other than those known to be free from Downy
Mildew or Mosaic diseases. (Reg. 24. See -als- Proclamation
15P. RICE PLANTS (Oryza sativa), RICE SEED, or any rough'or unmilled
rice or rice capable of germinating. (Reg. 23A.)
24P. Any MAIZE PLANT (Zea mays L.) or viable MAIZE SEED (including all
races, types, varieties or selections of maize whether known by the name
of field maize or Indian corn, sweet corn, pop corn or by any other name.)
25P. Any plants or seeds of Linum usitatissimum L. (including all types,
varieties or selections of "FAX" and "LINSEED".) (Reg. 21F.)
26P. Any plants or seeds of Glycine soja Sieb. & Zucc. (including all
types, varieties, and selections of SOYBEAN or SOYA i'EAN.) (Reg. 21F.)
29P. Any plants or parts of plants (other than the dried and prepared
leaf ready for manufacturing purposes) of any variety or strain of the
genus Nicotiana (including all types, varieties, or selections of TOBACCO.)
30P. Any plants or parts of plants of any variety or strain of the genus
Arachis (PEANUTS). (Reg. 21F. & 26)
31P. Any plants or parts of plants of the species Vitis (Reg. 21C.).
32P. Any plants or parts of plants of any of some 17 genera; 11
Amaryllidaceae, 5 Liliaceae, and 1 Iridaceae. (For the complete list
of genera see Reg. 21B.)
33P. Bud wood, scions or seeds of the species Persea gratissima Gaertn.
(AVOCADO). (Reg. 21A.)
34P. Any plants or any part of plants of any variety or strain of five
genera and two species which are added to the list of seeds in Reg. 21F.
mentioned above in 24P, 25P, 26P, 29P, and 30P.
35P. The tubers or parts of potatoes containing eyes or viable Vegetative
parts.' (Reg. 21D.)
36P. All living plant material used in a nursery including woody plants;
seedlings of herbaceous plants; and slips, cuttings, layers, runners,
offsets and similar material used for vegetative propagation of' woody or
Sherbaceous plants. (Reg. 21E.)
. 9P*.The importation .into Australia of the following plants shall be
(1) ALL STONE FRUIT TREES or .parts thereof which were grown in any
country in which any of the diseases known as Peach Yellows,
.Peach Rosette, Little Peach or Phony exists. For the purposes
of this prohibition any State of the United States of America
is deemed to be.a country.
(2). ALL GOOSEBERRY PLANTS or parts thereof from any country in which
Sphaerotheca mors-uvae (American Gooseberry Mildew) exists.
(3) ALL COFFEE PLANTS or parts thereof including fruit or seed
(other than manufactured products thereof) liable to infection
with any species of Hemileia from any country in which Hemileia
(4) ALL SwlAIRANE and BANANA plants exclusive of the fruit of the
latter, grown in any country in which boring beetles of the
genus Sphenophorus, Cosmopolites or Rhabdocnemis exist.
(5) BROOM MILLET
(9) CHESTNUT PLANTS or parts thereof including the fruit or nuts
from any part of the world.
(10) Plants of the genus Humulus (with the exception of the dried
flower-cones known in-cOmmerce as "HOPS") grown in any country
in which either downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora humuli) or
Mosaic exists. (See also Proclamation 27P.)
(11) CITRUS PLANTS including the fruits but exempting the seeds, from
any country in which Citrus Canker (Pseudomonas citri) exists.
(12) All plants of the family Ulmaceae (ELM FAMILY) including seeds
and cuttings;,from Europe.
CALIFORNIA WALNUTS PROHIBITED IN WESTERN AUSTRALIA
llP. The importation into the State of-Western Australia is prohibited
(a) Walnuts from California wherever grown.
(b) Walnuts grown in California from wherever shipped.
RAW COTTON PROHIBITED INTO QUEENSLAND
17P. The importation into the State of Queensland of raw cotton (lint or
linters) is prohibited, except samples for determining cotton standards.
19P. The importation into Australia is prohibited of any plant (including
any root, pad, cutting or seed) of the family Cactaceae.
SUBORDERS OF ROSACEAE PROHIBITED
20P. The importation into Australia is prohibited, except with the per-
mission of the Minister, of all plants or parts of plants (including
the fruit but exempting the seeds) of the suborder or tribe Pomeae or
of the suborder or tribe Pruneae of the order Rosaceae which were grown
in any country in which Pear Blight or Fire Blight (Bacillus amylovorus)
HOPS PROHIBITED INTO TASMANIA
27P. The importation into the State of Tasmania is prohibited of hops
(being the commercial product of the hop plant (Humulus lupulus L.)
grown in countries other than those known to be free from "Downy Mildew"
(caused by the fungus Pseudoperonospora humull (M & T) Wilson) and
"Hops Mosaic" caused by a virus).
AVOCADO TREES PROHIBITED
33P. (a) The importation into Australia of trees of the species Persea
gratissima Gaertn. (Avocado) is absolutely prohibited.
POTATO PLANTS PROHIBITED
35P. (b) The importation into Australia of potato plants is absolutely
REGULATIONS UNDER THE QUARANTINE ACT 1908-1947
(Including S.R. 1935, No. 91, as amended by S.R. 1936, No. 36, 1937,
Nos. 30 and ll6, 1940, No. 43, 1948, No. 63 and 92, and S.R. 1950,
No. 27 and No. 78.)
(Only the regulations affecting shipments of plants and plant products
from the United States to Australia are listed below.)
The importation of any article infested with, or likely to introduce, a
pest affecting plants shall be prohibited except in accordance with the
Quarantine (Plants) Regulations. (Proclamation 5P (b)).
Regulation 3. In these regulations, unless the contrary intention appears:
"Diseased" means affected with disease and includes .-showing the
presence or evidence of any deteriorated or abnormal condition,
whether dependent on the presence of or due to the operation,
development, growth, or effect of any disease.
"Pest" includes weed pest as well as insect pest.
"Plant" means plants of any kind or size and includes cuttings,
slips and buds, the fruit and seeds and all live parts of plants.
"Goods" means all kinds of movable property.
"The Director" means the Director of Quarantine.
"Quarantine officer" means a quarantine officer dealing with the
quarantine of imported plants, insects and goods.
"Chief Quarantine Officer" means the Chief Quarantine Officer for
the Plant Division of Quarantine, dealing with the quarantine of
imported plants, insects and goods in any State or Territory.
NOTICES OF ARRIVAL ::
Reg. 4. Any person desirous of landing any imported plants shall give
to the quarantine officer at the port of landing a notice and a decla-
ration as prescribed.. .
Reg. 5. A similar notice and declaration must be given in connection
with imports of timber (either logs or sawn timber).
TREATMEIT AND RECONDITIONING
Reg. 16. Any imported fruit, vegetable, (including .tubers, bulbs, corms,
and rhizomes), nuts, cereals, pulse, or other seed, of which any pro-
portion is, on inspection by a- quarantine officer., .found to be, or sus-
pected of being, affected with a disease, or any cereals, pulse, or other
seed found on inspection *tdbe mixed with a; seed .of 'a proclaimed weed
pest, shall be ordered' Into quarantine and, under the, supervision of a
quarantine officer, may be otreate& as the Chief Quarantine Officer may
direct, or sorted at a quarantine station or other approved place, sub-
ject to prescribed conditions.
Reg. 17. Any plant not otherwise provided, for in these regulations shall
be retained in quarantine for such period as the Chief Quarantine Officer
deems necessary, having regard to its -nature. and condition of ,he plant
and the place from which it comes.
SPECIAL POWERS OF DIRECTOR
(1) Where the Director becomes aware of the presence of any noxious
animal or plant on any vessel, he shall notify the master of the
vessel that the animal or plant is a noxious animal or plant,
as the case may be.
(2) A person shall not land, or permit to be landed, from any vessel,
any noxious animal or plant.
(3) Where any noxious animal or plant is found to be on any vessel,
the Director may order the vessel into quarantine or may order
the treatment of the vessel and any cargo which is on the vessel,
or which has been off loaded from the vessel, In:such manner and
by such means as will, in the opinion of the Director, ensure
the destruction of all noxious animals or plants on the vessel
or in the cargo.
(4) The Director may take all measures he considers necessary when
off-loaded cargo may have contaminated any place or building due
to the presence of noxious animals or plants on the vessel from
which the cargo was off loaded.
(5) Treatment may consist of fumigation, disinfection, spraying,
dusting or any other means, with such chemicals, materials,
or agents as the Director considers most effective or conven-
ient for the particular circumstances of the case.
(6) Treatment shall be carried out at the expense of the master of
(7) For the purposes of this regulation "noxious animals .or plants"
means any genus or species of any type of animal or plant life
which may, in the opinion of the Director, cause, or be likely
or capable of causing, damage to, or destruction of, plants, or
may become a pest of plants.
ADDITIONAL DECLARATIONS, CERTIFICATES, ETC., REQUIRED
Reg. 21. Any person desirous of landing any imported plant shall, at
the time of giving notice as required in Regulation 4, furnish also the
following declarations, certificates, notices and permits, and comply
with the following conditions:
AVOCADO BUDWOOD, SCIONS OR SEEDS
Reg. 21A. This regulation refers to importations of the budwood, scions
or seeds of the species Persea gratissima Gaertn.
The importer must apply in writing to the Director for a permit to import
such budwood, scions or seeds.
The application shall be forwarded to the Director through the Chief
Quarantine Officer of the State in which the plant material is to be used,
and the Chief Quarantine'Offieer- shal1 endorse the application with such
recommendation as he thinks fit. : ,
Where such budwood, scions or seeds are ordered into quaranirie they shall
be detained for three years, unless certified as free from dBsease at an
earlier date by the Director. ....
'NABISSUS FLY HOSTS TRIED .
eg. '2L1. .This regulation is t' prevent the introduction into Australia
of Na.cissus fly of'the type known as Merbdon equestris Fab., 'Eutierus
strigatus' Fallei, '6r Eumerus taberculatus Rond. "
The plants or parts of plants regulated belong to the following genera:
(a) Amairyllis (j)'Ileucojum
(b) Cooperia (k) Lilium
(c) Cyrtanthus (i) Narcissus
(d) Galanthus (m) Pancratium
(e) Galtonia (n) SciUla:: .. .
(f) J.abranthus ;, .. (o) Tulipa;
S(g) HymenQQ-elLis (p) Valiota -
y"(h) a .cinthus (q) .Zephyranthees
(I) Iris -
The above plants shall not be imported into Australia unless they have
been grown in a country or area free from all types of Narcissus fly, or,
before exportation to Australia, have been fumigated or Subjected to heat
treatment; and have been certified by a qualified authority immediately
prior to exportation to be free from diseases caused by fungi, bacteria,
viruses and nematodes.
Fumigation shall consist of-treatment with methyl bromide 3 pounds to
1000 cu. ft. of capacity for four hours at 700 F., or treatment with
hydrocyanic acid at a gas equivalent of 18 ounces of hydrocyanic gas
for each 1000 cu. ft. of capacity for 24 hours at 60-65 F.
Heat treatment shall consist of a preliminary heating process followed by
exposure to hot water or vapor heat at 110 F. for not less than one and
one-half hours. '
Fumigation or treatment must be under the supervision of a qualified person
and the plants shall be so distributed during the process that each plant
is reached by the gas or heat.
:Importers of the above plants must apply in writing to the Director for
,a permit and the application shall be accompanied by certificates issued
by a responsible officer of the Departmont:of.-giiculture or other appro-
priate department of the government of, or a qualified-authority in, the
country from which the plants were exported, certifying that the plants
have been grown, fumigated or treated, as the case may be, and have been
examined as required by this'regulation.
Reg. 21C. In this regulation "plants" means plants or any parts of plants
of the species Vitis.
The importer must apply in writing to the Director for a permit specifying
the variety, quantity, nature and source of supply of the above plants,
the reason for the importation, the method of transportation and the esti-
mated date of arrival of the plants in Australia. The application shall
be forwarded through the Chief Quarantine Officer of the State in which
the plants are to be grown, and he shall endorse on the application such
recommendations as he thinks fit. Plants ordered into quarantine shall
be detained for five years unless the Director certifies in writing prior
to the expiration of that period, that the plants are free from disease.
Plants not entered in accordance with the above requirements may be destroyed.
(1) In this regulation:
"Authority" means the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial
Research Organization, a Department of Agriculture of a State,
or a research institution approved, for the purposes of this
regulation, by the Director;
"Potatoes" means the tubers or parts of potatoes containing eyes
or viable vegetative parts.
(2) Potatoes shall not be imported into Australia unless:.
(a) They were grown in an area which is free from:
(i) The disease known as "Black Wart" caused by
Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Perc.;
(il) The disease known as "Ring Rot" caused by Coryne-
bacterium sepedonicum (S.&K.) Skaptaeon & Burkh.; and
(iii) The "Colorado Potato Beetle" Leptinotarsa
(b) They were grown on plants believed to be free from viruses
other than Virus X;
(c) They were, immediately prior to exportation, individually
examined and found to be sound, healthy, and free from soil
and insects; and
(d) They are packed in clean new packages.
(3) An authority may make written application to the Director for a
permit to import potatoes into Australia.
(4) An application for a permit to import potatoes into Australia shall
be accompanied by a certificate, signed by a responsible officer
of the Department of Agriculture or other Department or institution
considered appropriate by the Director in the country from which
the potatoes are exported, identifying the potatoes, stating the
quantity and certifying that the potatoes comply with the condi-
tions specified in sub-regulation (2) of this regulation.
(5) All bags, crates or other packages in which potatoes are imported
into Australia shall be marked on the outside with the name of
the country of origin and with such other marks as are necessary
to identify the potatoes with the potatoes specified in the
certificate furnished in accordance with sub-regulation (4)
of this regulation.
(6) Where potatoes are ordered into quarantine the potatoes shall be
detained in quarantine for two vegetative generations.
RESTRICTIONS OF NURSERY STOCK
(1) In this regulation:
"Approved authority" means a Department or authority of the
Commonwealth or a State equipped for plant introduction work
or a research organization or person registered by. thQ Director
under sub-regulation (3 ) of this regulation;
"Nursery stock" means all living plant material used in a nursery
and Includes: '. .
(a) Woody plants;
(b) Seedlings of herbaceous plants; and
(c)Y Slips, cuttings, layers, runners, offsets and similar
material used for vegetative propagation of woody
or herbaceous plants. '
(2) A research organization or a person may apply to the Director for
registration as an approved authority for the purposes of this
(3) The Director may, in his absolute discretion, register or refuse
to register a research organization or person as an approved
(4) A person shall not import any nursery stock into Australia unless.:
(a) He is an approved authority; and
(b) He is the holder of a permit issued, by the Director for the
Importation of that nursery stock.
(5) An application for registration under this regulation and an appli-
cation for a permit to import nursery stock shall be forwarded
through the Chief Quarantine Officer in the State in which the
nursery stock is to be grown and the Chief Quarantine Officer shall
endorse on an application such recommendations as he thinks fit.
(6) An approved authority shall deliver a permit issued for the im-
portation of nursery stock with the notice and declaration re-
quired to be given by regulation 4 of these Regulations.
RESTRICTIONS ON CERTAIN SEEDS
(1) In this paragraph, unless the contrary intention appears,
"Permit" means a permit to import seed into Australia issued by
"Premises" means the premises where the seed is stored or treated;
"Seed" means the seed of any variety or strain of;-
(a) the species Linum usitatissimum L. (flax or linseed)
(b) the species Glycine soja Sieb. & Zucc. (soy or soya bean)
(c) the species Zea mays L. (maize, sweet corn, popcorn, and
related types -
(d) the genus Nicotiana (tobacco and related plants)
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(e) The genus Arachis (peanuts or ground nuts) (See also Reg. 26)
(f) The genus Sorghum (including grain sorghums, sweet sorghums,
broom millets, Sudan grass and related plants)
(g) The species Lycopersidum esculentum Mill. (tomato)
(h) The genus Phaseolus (including cultivated beans such as
French, kidney, stringless, navy butter, haricot, lima and
(j) The genus Avena (including all varieties and types of cul-
(k) The genus Hordeum (including all varieties and types of
(1) The species Secale cereale L. (including all Varieties and
types of cultivated rye); or
(m) The genus Tritlcum (including all varieties and types of
(2) A person shall not import seed into Australia unless he is the
holder of a permit.
(3) Subject to this paragraph, the Director may issue a permit on
such terms and conditions as he thinks fit.
(4) Where the seed is intended for sowing:
(a) The application for a permit shall be in a prescribed form and
shall be forwarded to the Chief Quarantine Officer of the
State in which the seed is to be sown;
(b) Permits will be for limited quantities which are considered
sufficient by the Director for establishing under quarantine
a variety or strain of the particular species or genus in
(c) The seed, before sowing, shall be treated as the Director
(5) All seed imported under a permit for sowing shall be grown in
quarantine for at least one season.
(6) Diseased plants may be destroyed or treated.
(7) Residues of seed which produced disease may be destroyed.
(8) Where seed (other than the seed of the genus Arachis) (see Reg.
26) is intended for purposes other than sowing:
(a) Application is made on another prescribed form;
(b) The importer shall enter into a bond;
(c) The seed shall be conveyed to premises approved by the Chief
(d) The seed must be treated in such a way as to destroy the
viability. (S.R. 1948, No. 63)
COTTON AND COTTONSEED RESTRICTIONS
(1) Any person desirous of importing cottonseed for the purpose of ex-
tracting oil or for manufacturing purposes, shall comply with the
(2) Prior to shipment an application for permission to import shall be
made to the Minister stating the quantity desired to be imported,
the origin of the seed, port of shipment the treatment (if any)
given in the country of origin, the vessel and anticipated date
of arrival in Australia.
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(3) A permit to import shall be obtained from the Minister, subject
to any conditions which he may think fit to impose.
Reg.- 22A. The importation of raw cotton (lint or inters) which is sub-
ject'to quarantine s hall be subject to the following conditions:
(a) The bales' of raw cotton shall, on importation, be delivered
direct to the mills for manufacture;
(b) All coverings or wrappings and staves used in packing or bailing
the raw cotton shall, when any bale is opened, be removed from
the cotton contained .therein and burnt irnthe mill premises; and
(c) Except inthe case oof naw cotton, 'Imported from the United States
of America, all cotton debris, waste'matter, seed and other
:material separated from the raw cotton during processing by the
first machines through which the cotton passes shall be burnt
in the mill premises or be 'crushed between steel rollers in those
premises. (S.R. 1940, No. 43)
RICE PLANTS AND SEED *
Reg. 23A. No person shall Import rice plants (Oryza sativa) or rice seed
or any rough or unmilled rice or rice capable of germinating, except for
food purposes, for milling in preparation of food, or for other manu-
Sfacturing purposes unless:
* ((a) Application for permission tQ Import has been made to the
Minister stating the nature and quantity to be imported, the
country of origin, the reasons for the importation and the pre-
cautions to be taken to procure plants or seeds free from disease;
(b) A permit to import is obtained from the Minister, subject to
any conditions which he may think fit to impose; and
(c) The applications made for on behalf of a State Department of
Agriculture. (S.R. 1936, No. 36)
(1) Any person desirous of importing "hops"' for manufacturing pur-
poses, from pountrles other than those which are known to be
free from downy mildew and mosaic diseases, shall comply with
the following conditions:
(2) An application for per.Misslon to import for special purposes
shall be made to the Minister, stating the nature and quantity
desired to be imported, the reasons for the importation, the
precautions to be taken to secure ''hops" free from disease and
to ensure delivery without escape.
(3) A permit to import shall be obtained from the Minister subject
to any conditions which he may think fit to impose, in addition
to the requirement that such hops when imported shall be con-
tained in sealed metal-lined cases, shall be'landed in quarantine
and opened under the supervision of a quarantine officer, at the
factory or brewery for immediate use in manufacture. (See also
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PLANTS IN SOIL
Reg. 25. Any imported plant, nursery stock, cuttings or other plant
parts growing in soil, sand or earth, shall be ordered into quarantine,
and thoroughly freed from such material by being washed in water, or.
otherwise treated as directed by the Director of Quarantine.
(1) A person shall not:import peanuts into Australia for purposes
other.than sowing unless he is the holder of a permit issued by
(3) "Peanuts" means the fruit of any variety or strain of the genus
Arachis. (S.R. 1948, N.. 63)
The remainder of the regulation deals with the handling and disposal of
peanuts after entry.
IMPORTATION OF INSECTS
(I) Insects and parasites of insects shall not be imported unless:
(b) The Importer, prior to shipment, has made an application for
permission and has obtained the consent of the Director of
Quarantine to that importation.
(2) The insects shall remain in quarantine for such time as the
Director of Quarantine requires.
Proclamation 4P, September 19, 1935
The fungi, bacteria, viruses and disease agents specified in the Schedule
to this Proclamation shall be diseases affecting plants, and their in-
troduction into Australia prohibited:
I. Cultures or cultivated virus on artificial media of any disease agent
capable of producing any disease in plants.
2. The diseases which follow:
e.g., B. cinerea
e.g., B. ribs, current cane blight
e.g., B. lactucae, downy mildews
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Cronar t ium
Exobas Id. iurm
Helm inthospor lurm
Hem le ia
e.g., C. circumcissa, shot hole
e.g., C. theae, leaf disease of tea
e.g., C. carpophilum, freckle
e.g., C. carpophilum
e.g. C gossypii, cotton wilt
e.g. C. fuckelii, rose canker
e.g.. C vagum var. solani
e.g., C. be Jerinckii
e.g., C r biQ6la, pine leaf blister rust
e.g., C. vit;o]a, dead arm of grapes
e.g. C paid cherry leaf blight
e.g C. a-i:n':'
e.g. D. calyclna, larch canker
e.g., D. necat'-1x, white root rot
e.g., D. paraeittica, chestnut blight
e.g., D. citri, cz-angetree canker
e.g., D. zeae, corn dry rot
e.g., D. mali, apple canker
e.g., E. parasbitica, chestnut blight
e.g., E, deformans, peach leaf curl
e.g., E. vexans, tea leaf bleister blight
e.g.:, F-: maculata, pear leaf spot
e.g., F. semitosus, Hevea root rot
e g-,.F. atrovirens, onion black mould
e.g. F. trichothecioldes, potato dry rot
e.g., G., saubinettli, wheat scab
e.g.,. G. fructlgenum, ripe rot
e.g., G. erythrostoma,cherry-leaf scorch
e.g.,.:G-. phoenicis, palm leaf spot
e.g.,G. .ulmi, elm disease
e.g., G. bidwellii, black rot of grape
Ruste, e.g., white cedar
e.g., Ii. gramineum, barley leaf stripe
e.g., H. vastatrix, coffee leaf disease
e.g H. schlnulatum, carnation leaf mould
e.g., L. herpotrichoides, stem blight of rye
e.g., M. populi, anthracnose of poplar
e.g., M. glumarum, glume blotch of rice
e.g., N. decretus, coffee twig disease
e.g., N. ditiesl-ma
e.g., N. vasinfecta, cotton wilt
e.g..,O. caricetl, foot rot
e g., 0. omnivoruam, root rot of cotton
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Peach rosette, yellows, little peach,
phony or other virus disease
Peanut rosette virus
Phymatotr Ic hum
Phytomonas e.g., 2
Phytophthora e.g., 2
Plowrlghtia e.g., 2
Pseudomonas e.g., 2
Pythlum e.g., I
Ramular ia e.g., ]
Rhizoctonia e.g., ]
Roselllnia e.g., ]
SporotrIc hum e.g.,
Spotted Wilt of Tomato virus
Synchytrium endobiloticum potato
Taphr ina e.g.,
Thielav la e.g., I
Trichoderma e.g., )
Tubercularila e.g., 1
Uncl inula e.g., t
Ured ineae rusts
P. strobi, pine blister blight
P. oleracea, cabbage black spot
P. gueplnl, grey blight of tea
P. citri, citrus melanose
P. subcortlcatum, rose rust
P. prunicola, shot hole
P. cydonlae, black rot of apple
P. Infestans, late blight of potato
P. oryzae, rice blast
P. brasslcae, club root of cabbage
P. vltlcola, downy mildew of grape
P. morbosa, black knot
P. oxyacanthas, powdery mildew
P. ponderosus, red rot of pine
P. versicolor, heart rot
P. citrl, citrus canker
P. humull, downy mildew of hops
P. citrophthora, citrus gummosis
P. palmlvorum, bud rot of palms
R. necator, cacao seed mould
R. solani, potato seab
R. necatrix, white root rot
S. macrospora, downy mildew of maize
3. petrosellni, late blight of celery
3. popull on poplars
3. fragarlae, strawberry leaf spot
3. malorum, black rot of apples
3. flavida, coffee spot
3. pannosa, powdery mildew of rose
3. subterranea, powdery mildew of potato
3. anthophilum, carnation bud rot
3. purpureum, silver leaf
D. bullata, pear leaf blister
P. basicola, black root rot
P. pini, dry rot of pine
P. vulgaris, coral spot
J. spirals, powdery mildew of grape
- 15 -
e.g., U. cepulae, onion smut
e.g., U. alfalfae, crowngall of lucerne
e.g., V. leucostoma, dieback
e.g., V. Inaequalls, apple scab
e.g., V. circinans, onion rot
e.g., X. thwaltesii on rubber
Proclamation 5P, September 19, 1935
(a) The pests (insects) specified below shall be diseases affecting
plants and their introduction into Australia prohibited. (Those marked
with an asterisk are not known to occur in the United States.)
(b) The importation of any article *infested with, or likely to
.Introduce, a pest affecting plants shall be prohibited except in
accordance with the Quarantine (Plants) Regulations.
Ant horny idae
Bupres t idae
* Busseola fusca
* Chilo simplex
* Ctenopoeustis obliquana
Curcul ion idae
Dermes t idae
* Ear las
Mites and ticks
Peach, plum and currant borers
Leaf and stem miners
Peach twig borer
Timber and stored products beetles
Hawaiian sugar cane white grub
Cotton boll weevil
Root maggot flies
Pea and bean weevils
Tree and timber borers
Maize stalk borers
Stem boring saw flies
Mediterranean fruit fly
Leaf eating beetles.
Scale Insectasland mealy bugs
Wood boring moths
New Zealand Peach tip moth
Carpet and skin beetles
Sugar cane borer
Cotton Boll moths
Tobacco and stored food moths
- 16 -
Las iocamp Idae
Lept inotarsa decemlineata
Lymantr I idae
Mayetlola (Phytophata) destructor
Pantomorus fuller i
Platyedra gossyp iella
* Prionoplus recticularis
Grass and seed wasps
Twig, leaf and seed moths
Wood boring moths
Termites or white ants
Colorado potato beetle
Armyworm and cutworm moths
Fuller's rose beetle
Tobacco and potato moths
Cabbage butter les
Pink boll worm
Huhu Huhu beetle
European corn borer
White grub beetles
Leaf rollers and fruit moths
New Zealand flax root borer
Proclamation 21P, July 2, 1947
The following weed pests (other than those which a Chief Quarantine
Officer (Plants) is satisfied are recognized cultivated varieties of
those weed pests intended for cultivation) are declared to be diseases
affecting plants, and their introduction into Australia is prohibited.
Aethusa Cynapium L.
Allium triquetrum L.
Allium vineale L.
Arctium lappa L.
- 17 -
Asphodelus fistulosus L. Onion weed
Berberis vulgarls L. Barberry
Brassica tournefortll Gouan. Long-fruited Wild Turnip
Carrid htera annua. (L.) Pranti Ward 's Weed
Carthamus glaucus Bleb. Glaucous Star Thistle
Carthamua lana:tus L. Saffron-Thistle
Centaurea calcltrapa L. Star Thistle
Centaurea picrls Pall. Hard Heads or Russian Knapweed
Centaurea solstltlalls L. St. Barmnaby's Thistle
Chrondrilla juncea L. Skeleton weed
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L. Ox-eye Daisy
Cicutabulblfera L." Bulbous cowbane
Cicuta -1acaulata L Spotted cowbane
C icuta. virosa L. Cowban.
Cirslum arvense (Syn. Cnicus Perenfilal Thistle
arveris is Hoffm., sun. Carduus
Conlum maculatum L.. Hemlock
Convolvulus arvensis L. BIndweed
Cuscuta spp. Dodder'
. Datura spp. Thorn apple
Euphorbia esula L. Leafy Spurge
Euphorbia segetalls L. Short-stemmed Carnation weed
Euphorbia terracina L. False Caper
Homeria colllna (Thuib.) Vent One-leaved Cape Tulip
Homerila minlata Sweet Two-leaved Cape Tulip
Hyperlcum perforatum L. var. St. John's Wort
Iva axillarls Pud.sh Poverty weed
Lepidium draba L. Hoary Cress or.Whiie Wee '
Myagrum perfoliatum L. Muskweed .', .
Nassella trichotoma (Ness) Hack Serrated Tussock o6r Yass River Tussock
Oryza satlva L. var. ruflpogon Watt Red Rice
Physalis lanceolata Michx. Prairie Ground Cherry
Raphanus raphanistrum L. Wild Radish or Jointed Charlook
Raplstrum rugosum (L'.)All. Turnip Weed
Salvia reflexa Hornem Mintweed
Scolymus maculatus L. Spotted Thistle
Senecio jacobaca L. Ragwort
Silene cucubalup'WIbel Bladder Campion
(syn. S. vula .rlis Garcke '
syn. S. infjpta Sm.)
Silybum mar ianuni (L .)Gaertn Variegated or Milk Thistle
(syn. Carduusmarilanus L.)
Sinapis arveniss L. Charlock
(syn. Brassica. eInapistrum Boiss.
syn. Brassica arvensis Ktze.)
Sonchus arvensis L. Perennial Sow-thistle
Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. Johnson grass
Strlga lutea Lour Witch weed
Verbeslna encelicides Benth & Hook Crownbeard
- 18 -
Proclamation 22P. July 2, 1947
The following weed pests are declared to be diseases affecting plants
and their introduction into Australia Is prohibited if the proportionate
amount of seeds of any weed pest in any sample when mixed with other
seeds exceeds the proportion specified in the Schedule. The proportions
specified in the Schedule shall be calculated on the following basis.
(a) In the case of barley, beans, buckwheat, cotton, oewpeas, lentils,
lupine, maize, oats, peanuts, peas, rice, rye, tares, teosinte,
wheat, and seeds of similar or larger size, the number of seeds
herein set out allowed in one pound of any kind, of seed shall not
be greater than the number opposite the name of that seed; and
(b) In the case of all other seeds, the number of seeds herein set
out allowed in one ounce of any kind of seed shall not be greater
than the number opposite the name of that seed.
Alternanthera repens (L.) Kuntze
Anthamis cotula L,
Argemone mexican L.
Arrhenatherum clatius var. bulbosum
Brassica spp. (weed species other
than Brass lca tournefortil Gouan)
Calandrlnia caulescens H.B.K.
Carduus pynocephalus L.
Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Hill
(syn. Carduus lanceolatus L.
syn. Cnlcus lanceolatus Hoffm.)
Enex australis Steinh.
Erodlum botrys (Cav.) Bertol.
Lithospermum arvense L.
Marrublum vulgare L.
Reseda luteola L.
Seeds per ounce or
Yellow Burr weed.
Stinking May weed
Short Thistle or Slender Thistle
Corn Gromwell or Ironweed
Wild Mignonette "
- 19 -
Certificates for bul
Certificates for pot
2, 4, 6
Colorado potato beetle
Notices of arrival
4, 10, 11
8, 9, 12
2, 9, 10
2, 4, 11
4, 6, 15
Permits by Minister
Permits by Director
Plants in soil
Ports of Entry
Quarantine 1, 5,
Soil, plants in
2, 10, 12
4, 10, 11
6, 7, 8, 9, 12
2, 8, 9
7, 8, 9, 10, 12
5, 6, 7, 10, 12
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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