STATE PLANT BOARD
UNITED STATES DEP'L-r.'Ii OF AGRICULTURE
Bureau of Entorology and Plant Quarantine
Washington, D. C.
B. E. P. Q.--471
(Superseding P. Q. C. A.--297)
February 5, 1938.
PLANT-QUARAUTIli IMPORT RZSTRI ACTIONS
UNION OF SOUTH iP.IRCA
UNITED STATES DEP.$T' ,2NT OF AGRICULrURt
Bureau of Entomolog.- and Plant Quarantine
7W:hington, D. C.
B. E. P. Q.--471
(Superseding P. Q. C.A.--297) February 5, 1938.
PLANT-QT UAJ.j T I I ,PORT RESTRICT iCITS
UnIoJC OF SOUTH AFRICA
This digest of the rules and regulations promulgated under the
Agricultural Pests Act of 1911, and subsequent -mendmonts thereof, has
been prepared for the information of nurserymen, plant-quarantine of-
ficials, and others interested in the exportation of plants and plant
products to South Africa.
The digest was prepared by H-.rry B. Shaw, Plant-Quarantine
Inspector in Charge of Foreign Information Service, Division of For-
eign Plant Quarantines, from the original texts end reviewed by the
Chief Inspector, Plant Regulatory Service, Department of Agriculture
and Forestry of the Union of South Africa.
The information presented in this circular is believed to be
correct and complete up to the time of pr-paration, but it is not
intended to be used independently of, nor as a substitute for, the
original texts, and it is not to be interpreted as legally author-
itative. T'To proclamations and Government notices themselves should
be consulted for the exact texts.
U::I2. l -3S DEF.-: OF AC^T.7
bur, -u of LEnteore'ole y and. Plant Quarantino
W",shington, D. C.
PLANT-IUAPALTINE IivlPOcT RESTRICTIONS
UJ7ON OF SOUTH AFHICA
AgriccuIltural Pests Act (Act No. 11 of 1911 as amended)
Section ,. In this Act and the regulations made thereunder,
unless inconsistent with the context:
"Insect pest" shall mean any insect or other ir.vertebrate
animal that is injurious to plants.
"Plant" shall mean any tree, shrub, or vegetation, and
the fruit, leaves, cuttings, or bark thereof, and shall include any
live portion of a plant, whether s,73rd or attached, and anyr dead
portion or any product of a plant which by proclamation under this
Act or any amendment thereof has been included in this definition,
but shall not include any seed unless the seed has been specially
mentioned in this Act or has been included in the definition of plant
by proclamation under this Act.
"Plant disease" shall mean any bacterial or fungous or other
disease that is injurious to plants.
"Exotic animal" shall mean any animal (other than man) and any
bird, reptile, insect, or other member of the animal kingdom, in-
cluding the e,-gs thereof, that is not indigenous or native to South
Africa. Species of the following classes are included in this
definition: Arphibia, Arachnida, Ayes, Crustacea, Insecta, Mam.malia,
Mollusc.,,Myriapoda, Nematoda, and Reptilia.
Authorized Ports of Entry
Section 5 of the Act, as supplemented by Proclamation No.
283 of 1936, prescribes that no person shall introduce or cause to
be introduced from overseas into the Union any plant otherwise than
by mail or through the authorized customs ports of entry: Cape Town,
Durban, East London, Johannesburg, Nelspruit, Port Elizabeth, and
Pretoria. Fruits, potatoes end onions may enter also through Mossel
Bay, Port Nolloth, and Simonstown.
Restrictions on Importation of Plants
Section 9 prohibits the introduction of certain plants, subjects
other plants to re strictions, and requires an imiport permit from the De-
partment of Agricalture and Forestry for all plants except fruits, most
seeds, bIulbs, tubers, and vegetables.
Provision for Inspection of Imported Plants
Section 10 provides for the inspection of all plants offered for
entry into the Union and their subsequent disposal.
Treatment of Infected Plants
Sections 11 and 12 provide for the disinfection, cleansing,
or destruction of infected plants when deemed necessary, and the is-
suance, upon request, of certificates for shipments that have complied
with the nrovisions of the Act and the regulations.
Power of Governor-General to Extend Application of Certain Provisions of
Section 14 empowers the Governor-General, by proclamation in the
(a) To include in the definition of plant, the seed of any
plant or any dead portion or product of a plant;
(b) To vary, by addition or withdrawal, the list of plants
thu introduction whereof into the Union is under Section
9 prohibited, supervised, or restricted;
(c) To prohibit or restrict the introduction into the Union
from anyvihere, or from any s.-ecified country or place,
of any plant, insect, or germ of any plant disease.
Section 21 prohibits the importation from oversea of live bees,
honey, and apiary appliances, and empowers the Governor-General to apply
the provisions to other African territories. Live bees may be imported
by the Gover';..uint.
Section 22 enables the Governor-General, by proclamation,
to prohibit or restrict thD impo--tetion from anywhere or from any
specified' country or place of any particular class of exotic
Section 28 em-o..- rs the Governor-General to make regulations
not inconsistent with the Act prescribing:
(a) The manner and place in which anry r eistration, i-.,ction,
disinfecting, cleansing, or destruction authorized under this Act
shall be carried' out.
(b) The conditions and restrictions governing the importa-
tion and keeping of plants, bees, articles, exotic animals, and any-
thing whatsoever dealt with under this Act.
Applicable to countries oversea, and to Portuguese East Africa,
Mandated Territory of South-West AJrica or any State or Territory in
Africa nor-th of the Zambesi, except Northern PRhodesia, Nyasaland, or
in the case of pl-nts other than maize and barley, the Belgian Congo.
ACACIA spp., battle trees but not the seeds (Act. No. 11 of 1911).
ALFALFA OR LUCERNE (.d ics.o sativa L.) hay, fresh or dried, to pre-
vent the introduction of clover canker, crowngall, or crown vwart
(Urojhlyctis alfalfae (v. Lagerh.) :"'an. (Proc. No. 151 of 1937.)
ARCTIU-L spp., burdock,_ seeds and flowering seed-heads. (Proc. No. 151
BROOMCORN (Sor 'hum vulgare var. technicum(Koern.) Jay.), or articles
made thereof containing unshredded broomcorn stalk, to prevent
the introduction of the European corn borer (Pyrausta nubilalis
Hbn.). (Proc. No. 286..of .1936.)
CHESTUrI (Castanea spp.) plants and seeds of any species from North
America or any other country where the chestnut blight disease
(Endothia parasitica (Murr.) Ander. and Ander.) exists. (Proc.
No. 286 of 1936.)
CITRUS TREES, except by the. Department. of Agriculture and Forestry, to
prevent the introduction of citrus canker. (Proc. 286 of 1936.)
CCNTI'_F US PL-XTS but not the soeds. (Act No. 11 of 1911.)
ELM (Ul]is spp.), plants and seeds of any species from the continent
of Europe and an.' other country whore the Dutch elm disease
(Graphium ulmi Schwarz) exists. (Proc. !o. 286 of 1936.)
jEUCALYPTUS spp., gum trees, but not the s-eeds. (Act H 1. 11 of 1911.)
ERJ iiS: Apples, pears, quinces, and. loquats ,MT.._ho, PEy.is dyonia,
Eriobotr2ya), from China, Chosen (Korea) Est Siberia, Japan,
a.C MaLnckhukwo (Manchuria), to prevent the introduction of such
fruit pests as (Cyda) Grapholitha molesta Busck, the oriental
fruit aoth(Ca___osina sasakii ivats.), a fruit moth, etc. (Proc.
No. 286 of 1936.)
Citrus fruits (Citrus spp.) and the peel thereof, whether fresh
or dried, but not candied peel, to prevent the introduction of
citrus canker (Bacterium citri (Hasse) Doidge). (Proc. No.
151 of 1937.)
Citrus fruits from southwest Africa are admitted without restric-
tion and from a portion of the territory administered by the
Companhia de Mocambiqcue under certain conditions. (Proc. 201
of 1937 and 202 of 1937.)
Stone fruits, fresh.--Apricot (Prunus armeaiaca L.), cherry
(Prunzus spp.), nectarine (&-_mo1'- l.s persica var. nucipersica), peachl
(-._ :!u2 persica), plum (Prunus spp.). (Proc. No. 285 of 1936.)
HOliEY, jam, syrup, or malt, mixed with honey, medicines containing honey,
fly tapes or fly papers containing honey, live bess, second-hand
hives, and any container used for honey, bees, or beeswax. Mcdi-
cines containing not more than 25 percent of honey may be passed.
Precaution against the introduction of American foulbrood and
other bee diseases. (Act No.11 of 1911, Govt. Notices Nos.
1337 of 1925 and 2032 of 1930.)
OPUNTIIA spo. (Proc. No. 151 of 1937.)
PEICH STO1:3 (A..7 -?dalus persica L.). (Act !7o. 11 of 1911.)
PL-iWTS PACKED IN SOIL other than special rooting compost, to prevent
the introduction of injurious insect pests and plant diseases that
occur in soil. (Proc. No. 286 of 1936.)
SUC-0A.CA:T: PLANTS, ROOTED (Saccharum officinarum L.), to prevent the in-
troduction of injurious pests and diseases of the sugarcane.
(Govt. Notice 1793 of 1936.)
TRZES AND PiLA"i.-TS OFDT0I'APJLY RAISED FROM S.ZD, if the seed be easily
procurable in the Union or can be readily introduced in a viable
condition to prevent the introduction ,of injurious insect pests
and plant" diseases. (Govt. Notice No. 1793 of 1936, as
amended by Govt. Notice No. 677 of 1937.)
TF3ES .... IT-L^I"'N PLAHITS LISTED BY NUFuS.l.Yii-I within the Union
and procurable from them at or below the ordinary price for
recent novelties of their class, unless the Department is satis-
fied that the strain of the variety procurable in the Union
is an inferior one or untrue to type. (Govt. Notice No. 1793 of
1936, as amended by Govt. Notice No. 677 of 1937.)
z,.ci.UI:FJA CITP.IODOPA F. Muell.: : TO limitation on number admissible,
but must be grown in quarantine. (Govt. Notice No. 1793 of 1936,
as amended by Govt. Notice No. 677 of 1937.)
BAGS, E..'.D-hAD: No import permit required; subject to inspection on
arrival to ascertain whether any had contained cottonseed, and, if
any cottonseed present, may be refused entry or treated by heat
at the expense of the owner.
BEESWAX, and foundation comb: Imlport permit and inspection on arrival;
consignorls sw-orn declaration that the beeswax has been heated
to 2120 F. for 30 minutes. No declaration is required for
vwhnite beeswax. In the absence of the declaration for un-
manufactured yellow beeswax, the wax may be heated at the ex-
pense of the owner under official supervision, or the Depart-
ment may agree to the keeping and manufacture of the beeswax
under conditions deemed to make special heating unnecessary.
Precaution against the introduction of American foulbrood
and other bee diseases. (Govt. Notice.. No. 1793 of 1936.)
BROCOi,,-'RIT (Sorg:hum vuLare var. technicum (Koern.) Jay.) and brooms,
brushes, and other articles :-:ade from broomcorn. (except as
prohibited) (see item under "Importation Prohibitedt"): Import
permit and inspection on arrival, to prevent the introduction
of the European corn borer (Pyrausta nubilalis Hbn.) and other
stalk borers (Proc. No. 282 of 1936.)
CORK, UT...U.. U.ED, derived from the cork oak tree (Quercus suber L.):
Import permit end inspection on arrival, to prevent the intro-
duction of the -.-,psy moth (Porthetria dispar L.). (Proc. No.
282 of 1936.)
COTTON (Gssrium spp.) unwanufactured, in2_lui' A lint-r.3 .-rlI u.niu'%_n
cotton wvste (but not including purified cotton wool (absorbent
cotton) annd cotton batting) is admissible only under special
import permit. This restriction does not epply to kapok. The
use of cotton waste as packing i!..terial for merchandise is not
permitted. (Act No. 11 of 1911, ,nd Proc. No, 282 of 1936.)
COTTCIiSZD: Permits will be issued only for seed intended for sowing,
and only when its introduction is deemed desirable by the Principal
Field Hilsob'.ndry Officer. Cottonseed the t is allowed to enter will
be fm.ig.atd with carbon disulphid. Inportations are restricted
to official cotton breeders. Precautions against 'Vie introduc-
tion of pink bollworm (Pectinophora gosypiella Saund.). (Act
No. 11 of 1911, and Proc. N'o. 282 of 1936.)
EXOTIC Aii.i LS of the classes: Amphibia, Arachnida, Ayes, Crustacea,
Insect, .I.'alia, Mollusca, Myriapoda, 1kiratoda, andd Reptilia:
Importation subject to permit and such conditions as may 1e
prescribed therein. (Proc. 115 of 1937.)
GRA2:1.-/ May not be introduced into the District of Graaff Reinet,
nor into the area in tie COpe Province defined in paragraph 3
(1) of the schedule to Proc. :To. 267 of 1936, but grapes may
be landed at Cape Town, Simonsto-vn, and Mossel Bay and be con-
signed to destinftiois beyond. (Proc. S87 of 1936.)
PTA,.S, LiVU. ]-' (s-u definition of plants, p. 1) of all admissible
kinds, e;xcept those specifically mentioned, and except fruits,
most seuds, b ulbs, and tubers: Importation subject to a permit is-
sued by the Union Department of Agriculture -.nd Forestry and in-
sopection on arrival. (See rules governing the issuance of permits
9. 7 et seq.)
POE-FF.UIT TRLS1-' and all plants of the genern. Malus, Pyrus, and Cydoxiag:
Import ,r.'it 'nd inspection on arrival; must be accompanied
by an official certificate fro-m the Department of Agriculture or
other recognized official institution of the country of origin af-
firming that firblight (Bacillus amylovorus (Burr.) Trev.) is
not kno-'n to occur on the premises where the plants were grown.
Entr:.- is conditional also on thilplants being cut back severely
and subjected, without expense to the Government, at Cape Town,
Durban, or Pretoria, or other approved place for special inspec-
tion and disinfection. (Proc. No. 286 of 1936.)
POTATOES (Solanum tuberosum L.): No import permit required; subject to
inspection on arrival; must be accompanied by a shipper's sworn
declaration of the country, of origin and of the locality where grovmwn,
together ;zith sufficient data clearly to esta.blish the identity of
the conoiinment; also an official certificate dated not more than
30 d7ys before the dispatch of the consignment affirming that
potato v-art (Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Pere.) has not
been known to exist within 5 miles of the place or places where
I/ See Note, pp. 10 and 11.
the potatoes are declared to have been grown, or an official certificate,
dated nor more than 9 months prior to the date of arrival of the
potatoes, affirming that the s.,id disease has not been known to
exist within the shire, county, or other such territorial division
comprising the declared place or places of origin.
The certificate is not required with potatoes from British East
Africa and Western Australia.
A certificate will be accepted from the United Kingdom declar-
ing that no c.as.s of potato wrt are known to have occurred at the
place or places where the potatoes are declared to have been grown,
that the only outbreaks of the disease within 5 miles of such places
are trivial and without menace to land where potatoes are grown for
sale, ?nd that, tin official inspection, the potatoes concerned were
found to be aLpparently free from serious disease nd insect pests.
(Proc. :o. 286 of 1936.)
ROSES (Rosa spp.) from Australia and North America and any other coun-
try in which a virus disease of roses in known.to occur: An
official certificate affirming that no virus diseases are pres-
ent in the premises where they were grown. (Proc. No. 286, 1936.)
SEEDS: I.i;ort permits and inspection on arrival. This applies only to
seeds of the plants named below, vhich have been included in the
definition of "plant."1 (Act I1o. 11 of 1911, Proc. No. 282
of 1936, and Govt. Notice !Io. 1793 of 1936.)
Alfalfa or lucerne (Medic" sativa L.): Permits issued only to
the Department of Agriculture -and Forestry. (Proc. No. 282,
1936, and Proc. 286 of 1936.) Grown in quarantine and produce
released if no disease discovered.
Chestnut (Castanea spp.) (except from North America and any other
country in which the Chestnut blight occurs). (Proc. No. -:2
Cotton: See also item "Cottonseed." (Proc. No. 282 of 1936.)
Elm (Ulus spp.): (Proc. No. 282 of 1936.)
Maize (Zea mays L.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) (except
from Territory administered by the Companhia de ivloambique):
Importation limited to 10 pounds of any variety. However,
in times of shortage the Department may authorize the impor-
tation of maize in bulk under prescribed conditions. (Govt.
Notice No. 1793, of 1936, as amended by Govt. Notice No.
677 of 1937.) Maize imported for planting is disinfected in a
solution of mercuric bichloride.
Oak (gercus spp.): (Proc, No. 282 of 1936.) STATE PLANT BOARDf
Tea (except from countries in which Exobasidium vexans Mass. occurs).
(Proc. 282 of 1936.) See also item "Tea plants and tea seeds."1
To: -cto (for importation frcm countries in which Aplanobacter mich-
ianense .. F. Smin. occurs). (Proc. No. 282, of 1936.) Importation
from ouch countries is not exempt from permit. See item
"Tomato seed from Germany, etc."
SUG-ARCA. C'TTUii-1S: Import permit; fumigation with hydrocyanic acid gas
on arrival and disinfection with solution of copper sulphate.
Permits issued only to South African Sugar Association; canes
grown in quarantine greenhouse and then in open ground.
TEA PLANTS AL T)ZA SEEDS (Camnellia thea m Thea sinensis L.) from India,
Japan, C-iosen (Formosa), a-nd other countries where blister
bliyht (Exobasidium vexans Mass.) occurs: Import permit and
inspection on arrival; must be accompanied by an official cer-
tificate from the Department of Agriculture, the Indian Tea
Association, or other recognized institution of the country of
origin, affirming that the disease is not known to occur within
10 miles of the place where the plants or seeds were produced.
(Proc. ITo. 286 of 1936.)
TOMATO SEEDS (Ly'I -ersJicui esculentum Mill.) from Germany, Italy, North
America, or any country where bacterial canker of tomato (Aplan-
obacter .ichi,-anense E. F. Smin.) occurs: Import permit required;
must be a.ccomipanied by an official certificate stating that the
seed was produced by plants officially inspected in the field
and found free from that disease. (Proc. 286 of 1936.)
TOBACCO (Tic-til.n.2 tabacum L.), unmranufactured or leaf tobacco: Import
permit and inspection on arrival. Must be accompanied by an
official certificate affirming that the tobacco has been inspec-
ted and found free from Ephestia elutella Hbn. At the discre-
tion of the Union Department of A-riculture and Forestry the cer-
tification requirement may be waived. (Proc. No. 286 of 1936.)
FRUITS, SEEDS (L:.CJ'I THOSE SPECIALLY RfSTRICTED OR PROHIBITED, BULBS,
T f3ER, AMD VLi'.TLrL-S. However, admissible fruits are inspected
and may be rejected if any serious pest is found on them.
Consigrnments of apples are refused entry if more than 5 percent
are infested by codling moth or infected by one Fuasicladium
spot over 1/8 inch in diameter to 10 fruits. Affected fruits may be
picked out and clean ones passed. Fruit will be fumigated if more
than one San Jose scale or oystershell scale found per fruit.
RULES GOVERNING THE ISSUANCE OF IMPORT PE:iITS
(Government Notice No. 1793 of 1936, as amended by
Government Notice No. 677, April 30, 1937)
Number of Plants Limited
I. No permit shall be issued to any one person to introduce
into the Union during any one calendar year from oversea or from Port-
uguese East Africa, the Mand'.ted Territory of South West. Africa or
any State or Territory in Africa'north of the Zambesi, except Northern
Rhodesia, T y-,?l7--.nd or, in the case of plants other than maize and bar-
ley, the Belgian Congo:
.(a) More than 10 plants of any one variety of:
(1) Rooted forest trees, ornamental trees, nut trees,
rose trees, fruit trees and fruit bearing plants
(not including strawberries).
(2) Ornamental shrubs,2/ including azaleas, rhododen-
drons, camellias, hydrangeas, spireas, lilacs, and
(3) Climbing plants, including clematis, begonias,
passifloras, wistarias, honeysuckles, j:asminums,
and solanuins, or
(b) More than 100 plants of any one variety of:
(1) Strawberry plants.
(2) Scions or unrooted cuttings of any tree, woody
shrub or sugarcane, or
(c) More than 10 pounds of any one variety of maize or
II. Nothing contained in the above regulation shall prevent'the
(:e) Introducing stocks, which it may consider of exceptional
or special value, into the Union in excess of the number
above stipulated for budding or grafting, or issuin.- a
permit to any person for special reasons and subject to
such conditions as it may determine, to introduce into
the Union any stocks in excess of the number provided in
2/ Permits are not issued for species of Berhberis that are inter-
mediate hostsof Puccinia graminis Pers., black steinm rust of whea.
(b) Issuing permits to any person to introduce into the
Union Backhousia citripdoaplants in excess of tha max-
imunm provided in this regulation, on condition that such
plants be kept in quarantine, at a place approved by
the Department, for a period of 2 years or such lesser
period as the Department may direct; Provided, That the
Department, if it deems expedient, may destroy without
com-pensation to the owner all the plants so introduced,
together with the progeny thereof.
(C) Issuing permits for the introduction of maize in bulk in
times of shortage, and subject to such conditions as the
Department may determine.
III. No permit shall be issued to any person to introduce into
(a) Any kind of tree or plant ordinarily raised from seed,
if the seed be easily procurable in the Union or can
be readily introduced in a viable condition.
(b) Any variety of tree or fruit-bearing plant or rose plant
listed by nurserymen within the Union, and procurable from
them at or below the ordinary price for recent novelties
of its class, unless the Department is satisfied that the
strain of the variety procurable in the Union is an in-
ferior one or untrue to type.
(c) Any rooted su *rcane plants.
However, the Department may issue a permit for the introduction
of any tree or plant specified in either subparagraphs (a) or (b) of
paragraph (iiI) in any case where the Ee:-.rtment is satisfied that for
special reasons such introduction should be exempted from the prohibition
of that paragraph.
Plants l'ot Limited in Number
IV. Ornamental palms and floristst plants, such as violets, carna-
tions, chrysanthemirnms, geraniums, pelargoniums, fuchsias, orchids, and
ferns, shall not be subject to any limitation in regard to the number of
such plants that may be introduced into the Union.
Note.-All trees and other hardwood plants and fruit-bearing plants are
fumigated with hydrocyanic acid gas before importation is permitted. Her-
baceous plants and ornamental palms are fumigated only when insect pests
are present for which such treatment is deemed necessary. Grapevines are
also disinfected in a solution of copper sulphate. All species of Ribes,
Castanea, and Julans are cut back and disinfected in a 2-percent solu-
tion of copper sulphate. Treatments are to be effected without expense
to the Government at Cape Town, Durban, Pretoria, or other approved center.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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