UNITED STATES DEPAE.TMENT OF AGIRICULTUBB
Bureau of Entomology and~ Plant Qua-rantine Washington, ID. C.
3. E. P. q.--470 Fe-bruary 5, 1938.
(Superseding the Memorandum to Ins-pectors in Char-e, dated kauust 22, 1934)
PLNT-qU. RAITI17E IlM,.PORT FIESTRI CTIOYS
J Al P A N
UNITED ST1.1ES DE112JR.HENT OF AGRICULT.-CF3
Bureau of Eiitcmoloc-y Pnd Plr nt qu-,rall tine Washin,:"ton, D. C.
P. E. P. -q.--470 February 5, 1938.
(Si. Persedin the Mem:)r,-nd-ujn to Insj sectorss in Charge, dated Au&ust 22, 1934)
PLL TT--q),UAR.AlTTIl7E IMTPCRT REST TRI CT IONS )!' JAPAI r
This cligest of the plant-q, arartine import restrictions o f Ja_ pan !--as been prepared. fcr the information of nurserymen, plant quarantine officialF, end others interested in the exportyllants and -lantl- -n-rDduots to that c,.,un+lry.
It was )re,),- red b,., Harry 7z. Shaw, Plant q-aarantine Ins-rector in Charge, Yoreign Infomiation Sel-vice, )ivisi-n 'f Foreign Plant q-aarantincs, froT.; t.-e ja-)an; se re ulations vromul, cate(_' by Ordinance No. 27 of 13, 1914 -hority of
U I as amended, umder the alit
Law No. 1.1 f !'.., ,rch 25, 1914, end reviewed by Director of the Imperial Plant Q _"rantinr, Scrvice, Yclkohama.
The information inclu ed in this circ,.il,..r is believed to e correct Pnd comj lete up to the time of lut is
not intended t bo ased inldleprmd ,ntly of, nor as a substitute for, the. original tcxto, and it is not t 3 be in-ter,,Dreted as legally authoritLtive. T1.e. ori-inal ordinance -,hould be consulted for the exact 41-exts.
JEE A. ST_LL0oTG,
Chiof, Bureau of Ent0:110107Y and Pl-mt Qu,-ir,-:ntine.
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGICULTURE
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine Washington, D. C.
PLAUT-QUARADYTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS OF JAPAN
BASI C LEC-ISLATION
Plant Quarantine Law Yo. 11, of March 25, 1914
This law prescribes the inspection of plants and packing
materials thereof offered for export from or importation into Japan, but provides for the omission of inspection in certain cases. Plant
diseases and injurious insects my be imported only with the permission of the respective Minister of State.
The Low also provides for the disposal of plants infested
by injurious insects or infected by plant diseases, and for the restriction or prohibition of entry of certain plants or any other article.
Article 10 of the Law defines "plant diseases and injurious insects" as fungi and insects, respectively, that a-re injurious to plants. However, plants or animals which are not fungi or insects mar be considered as plant diseases or injurious insects insofar as the application of this law is concerned, if the Minister of State in charge of such affairs has reason to believe that they are actually injurious to plants or are suspected of being so.
C-ENEAL: PECULAT IONS TL7NEE T-E PLANT Q7A.INTTNE LA.7
(Department Ordinance No. 27 of October 13, 1914, as amended by Ordinance No. 24 of June 1919; No. 21 of October 1933; NTo. 23 of August 1934; No. 28 of October 1936, and io. 14 of May 1937.)
Plants That Are to Be Insnected in Jeror,
Article 1. Plants .hose inspection is required in accordance
with the provision of article 1 of the Plant Quarantine L-aw shall be of the following classes:
I. Plants to be imported from a foreign country or to be
transported from other parts of the Japanese Empire into Japon proper, under the following categories.
(!i) P'ants cr any of thrAr I-a2tsj seeds, and bulbs for planting
(b) 7resh. frai,ts except t"Lose cf Iineanplr: (Ananas sativus L.)
t 4 -- Y -S---- ;f
apples ori,-inn Lr -- in Kc-roa- (-Ch-)se--i) anT t,--ie Ti
Plants telcnl' Iin, to thLe Dmilies: Solanaceae,
-ra,-:r .ceae, end C-acui*IPi'Uace,-e (exce-pt wl--termclons, Oitrull ,i- vulcruris., melons .nd muFkm(. lons,
(c) --jivin-, ttiters (Q-'ol, nuTi t,,be in ij
(d) Plant or i-)lant mat ei-ial tlipt is -rlermitted b tile ',%rlinister
of A;:-riculture to be in-i!iorted, which otherwise is -')rol--,ibited;
(e) Any plant or r1ant mate.rinl beside those m., ntioned in
to (d) t"LE4t is ---asrected by plant inspecti-m officials
of -C'(An, in-feste o,- 'T)lant d' se:- .ses oz inj=ious insects.
I I PLants to to ex-)or"(,d, i:%e i-ri-r-ortation of which the, q-ovemment of tht- country ; rcqiii+.-es coruificatns iss-aed by the
Art I'- J-.,Iants Tp -- -tior ..d in -raragraph 1
'I I the same
(a) to (c) 1 fr,:Dmm -)r t
from, -rt- )JL7 tl:(, jar,-ine-,e 71Tr-r1re int o J,-'-pan proper, s.1-all, without
delpy, u-ocn the -f '-I-e vm sel carr -jn,- sar,-.-e 7;n oard, ma" "e rq)"U-0 thc orcf;cri,, cd fo--m Ho. 1.
If t'--(-, -,la--,ts the p --,rson conce-.,ned may a ver-hal ip-rlic.--.t. -cn to tl," plant p, .,ction (-.fficials
or to th,. ofi'--ci,,.ls in th' of th,,, fjrmor.
J-po'- tio'n p -01-1 L i t d C c, --- t-, i n P 3,- s -,n d F 1 -ii t P r -) dl,) C t s
A-i- t 2. (b Th,,-; or tr,-,,ns-,-)or'-at-on of t'---, f')1lowin'r
rI-?,nts 1 1-nt :rE tcri' -r- prchi-.At,-;d 'nt(- Ja-p-n p 2 opo r. Hol,-iov(7 r exc--r)tl(-,n,: m- d3 v;I-icr- t116 IAr. s t,., r o f J' ,P- r 2L c,).l t lar c, o rm t s i inT, o r t cn f o 1,
I Fro s i f r-,,.,i t r -t i nZ in oi7 la-de3- in Africa, Ar,-entina,
I)ri-;.s, 'r Havai
-i d 1 rrr -aala T ra-ii, C- an c o Greece, Au s t r -l i Zeal i.
Ita177, '.,ialta, Palestin'-, Spai-rj., Syria, T- .ii-k-e- an tIe '-'Test Indics
t,) -r'event t-h- izitr--O'action -f t- e "( dlte-rcnua-' (Ceratitis
( ":- ) F r sn c, i c -,. m I e r s t r m 2 1 o n F , u -n p k i s a n d t h e r c -a c u r b i t ace.ou -, Q)-Lnts, tc mat -es, 1 ars, catjan-,'- T:Dg..- ('Tizrn a c-tjan,,:; WLJT).),.and
p ,,as (Vi.,Pn-, s'nezisis, End.l.) ori;-,- natin 7 n' or lan.-led in Bornco,
C --lr, Ch-ina, Formosa, Hal7ai- T,'-on7kenig, India (British). Indochin :, (Fr,.rch , J- iva, Fal,-y Pririinsul i, Sir,,.m, S-ziatra, nC- othor 7I,,-,l-t-Y,-)-n isi ,nds exceptt Formosan waLlermolons
accompanied by P, certificate of inspection issued by the Government of Formosa, which !-re accepted af ter inspection on arrival) to prevent the introduction of the melon fly (Chactodaciis cucurbitac Coq.).
(3) Fresh apples, pears, quinces, peaches;, plums, apricots, nard cherries, as Tell as walnuts (except without shells), originating in o-. landed in Africa., Argentina, Australia and New Zealand., Brazil, Cana-.Oa, China, Cypras, Europe, Honggkong, India (British), Mesopotamia ( Iraq), Persia ( Iran) UTNITED STATS, T_-L,,uay, anLd U. S. S. R. (Asiatic portion), to prevent the introduction of the codlirg, moth (Grapholitha) .Capoc-aPsf ,p~moncllfj L. ).
(4) Fresh citrus fruits, man,-oes, loqua,,ts, plum~s, peaches, ecrsimmons (Diomro kaki) ; rose apple or malaba,:r plum (Euf--enia jr-mbos) la r e f ru it ed r o scP ap1e o r M1.a 1)y r app 1) 1c _onira r- -lccens s) .v, peppers (Cai-sicuam spp.); Solanun ver'bascifolim~r Link., Yephelium lo1:anaj Comb. N litchi Comb.-Litchi chinensis Sonn. ; and Caramb ol1a ( Av er rhoap carambola L.), originating in or landed in Borneo, Celebes, Ceylon, China, Formosa, HoiV.rkong, India (Britis-h) Java, Malay (Federated States), P.--hilippincs, South Sea Islands, Straits Settlements, as well as Sumati-a and the other LQ.ynislands (,oxcopt Fornmosein citruas fruits) to prevent the introduction of Chaetodacus dorsalis Hcnd~ol.
(5) Live sweetpotato t-abers ori~in3-,t irk- in or landed in Africa, Borneo, Celebes, Ceylon, China, Formosa (South of the Yan-Ts-ir) Guiana, HonJ-onEg, India (British) Indo-China (French) Java, lvMalay P.eninsula, Oceanic, Philippines, Siam, Soath Sea Islanas, Sumnatra ? 1d.t other Mlalnayan islrlds, the UNITED STATES, and the West Indies to prevent the introd-action of the swcotpotatto weevil (Cylas formicrrius Fab.) and the sweotpotato vine borer Orhsaan!a-stomosalis Guon.).
(6) Sud'garcane and. parts thereof, includinF, seeds, to prevent the introduction of the downy mildew of su,,arcane (.Sclerospoa sacohari T. Mayake) t1-(e -Havaiian sugarcane borer (aabdocrrmi s obscurus Boisd..) and the sugarcane -lorer (Dintraea saceha3ra_7lis Fab.)
('7) Potc-toes, e 7- lants, tom-.toes, ppes(aicmanfulu T.)
and other sol-.n-ceous plants, -s -el7 ais -m.,trts, fresh fruits, anr.tubr thereof, criL,-inting in or landed in Africa, kaerica (North. n ut+) Austr li,-, !and New Zoaland, Cypruas, Europe, Guam, ATAI, Idix(rt~) and. Java t-. revent the introduction of the potaito wa rt dis, ase ( Syrnch:.'tri-um endobioticu, Purciva l) the po-,dery scab ( Spcngo-,porra oubterranO!7 L-an), the potaLto trk-bcr worm ((Phthorimae a) Gnrimoscheman oerculella Zell.) and. the Colorado -potato beetle (1,eptinotarsa deceT-lineat asy.
()Plants with soil adheri4-_-, to prevent infection by cryptcan and infestation by insects injurious to plants.
( 9) Straw from wheat, barley, oats, and. rye, with the exception of arti-ficial1 products other than straw. for p~tckin2, bedding, and other articles of the same class originating in or la-nded in Asia Minor, Canr:da, Europe, New Zealand., Persia, the UNITED STATS, a-nd U. S. S. R. (Asia-tic portion) to prevent the introduction of the hessian fly (Phytophag,-a destructor Say).
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
II I1111 11ItlII Ilrl l l I Ill Il
4 3 1262 093114709
(10) Fresh fruits of apple and other species of Malus and
Cretneous originating in China, the leased Territory of Kwantung and Manchukwo (Manichuria), or landed in that country or Territories (except fresh fruits of apple originating. in the leased Territory of Kwantung and Manchukwo, accompanied by a certificate of disinfection issued by the Government of the leased Territory of Kwantung, which are accepted on inspection of the plants on arrival), to prevent infestation by Grapholitha
(11) Containers and materials used for packing the articles listed under Nos. 1 to 10.
Conditions under which Plant Diseases and Injurious Insects May Be Imported
Art. 7. Any persor importing plant diseases or injurious insects from a foreign country, or transporting same from other parts of the Jap nanesc Empire into Japan proper, shall be required to make an application for inspection, in writing, to the Custom:a Holuse, in accordance with the proscribed form Jo. 4, without delay, after the arrival of the vessel carrying such articles on board.
Art. 3. The plant-inspection officials may proceed to make the inspection previous to the application required in article 2 or in the preceding article.
Art. 10. Importation from a foreign country, and transportation from other parts of the Japanese Empire into Japan proper of plants, or any other article whose inspection is required, by mail, except by parcel post or small packet, is prohibited.
Art. 10. (b) Any person reociving mail matter contrary to the provision of the procedin:g paragraph, is required to deliver such mail matter without delay to the Customhouse together with the required written applica-tior form.
Inspection of Certifiecd Plants May Be Waived
Art. 14.-'/ Any persor importing plants from a foreign country or transporting sexe from other parts of tho Japanese Empire into Japan proper, which :re certified by the authorities at their source of exportation or transportation, to the effect that such plants are not infected by plqnt diseases or infested by injurious insects, shall report the fact to the Custohouse. in this case the provisions of article 2 shall apply.
Plants certified as mentioned in the preceding paragraph may be
exempted from the inspection required with their importation from a foreign country, or transportation from other parts of the Japanese Empire intc Japan nrooor.
1/ In other words, the f'ct that a shipment is accompanied by an inspection certificate does not exempt it from the requirement of article 2, namely, that the importer apply to the Customhouse for inspection. Then, according to pararapnh 2 of article 14, inspection may be waived.