Plant quarantine import restrictions of the Nyasaland Protectorate

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Material Information

Title:
Plant quarantine import restrictions of the Nyasaland Protectorate
Series Title:
B.E.P.Q. ;
Physical Description:
5 p. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Hoyt, Avery S
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Plant quarantine -- Law and legislation -- Malawi   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
Caption title.
General Note:
"August 26, 1946."
General Note:
Signed Avery S. Hoyt, Acting Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030471609
oclc - 788498470
System ID:
AA00026113:00001

Full Text
LIBRARY
STATE PLANT BOARD


E2/Nyasaland


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Agricultural Research Administration
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington 25, D. C.


August 26, 1946


B.E.P.Q.-456, Revised


PLANT QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS

OF TEE

NYASALAND PROTECTORATE


This revision of the plant quarantine import restrictions of the
Protectorate of Nyasaland has been prepared for the information
of nurserymen, plant quarantine officials, and others interested
in the exportation of plants and plant products to that country.

It was prepared by R. G. Oakley, Supervisor of Export Certification,
Division of Foreign Plant Quarantines, from the Plant Pests and
Diseases Ordinance of February 1, 1924, as revised and supplemented
by subsequent proclamations issued by the Governor, and was re-
viewed by the Director of Agriculture of that country.

The information contained in this circular is believed to be
correct and complete up to the time of preparation, but it is not
intended to be used independently of, nor as a substitute for,
the original texts of ordinances and proclamations, and it is not
to be interpreted as legally authoritative. The original ordinance
and proclamations concerned should be consulted for exact texts.


*, /
/


A/


II1~Cf~


-K.


Acting Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine








PLANT QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS


OF THE

NYASALAND PROTECTORATE


BASIC LEGISLATION

The Plant Pests and Diseases Ordinance of February 1, 1924, Revised
Edition of the Laws 1933, Chapter 64.

Sections 1 to 8 of the above ordinance prescribe regulations for
the importation of plants, and sections 9 and 14 empower the
Governor in Council to make rules prohibiting, restricting, or
otherwise regulating the introduction of any plant or seed from
any specific country.


INTRODUCTION

The plant quarantine regulations of the Nyasaland Protectorate
govern the entry of plants, defined as "any tree, shrub, or
vegetable, and the fruit, seed, leaves, cuttings or bark thereof,
and any portion of a plant whatsoever, whether severed or attached,"
and their wrapping materials. The regulations cited in this
summary are applicable to products from the United States, but
may or may not apply to products from other countries.


SUMMARY

General Entry Requirements

1. Importations of plants must comply with the following:

a. A phytosanitary certificate is required with shipments
of potatoes, rose plants, tobacco, and tomato seed.
(See pars. 10 and 12, pp. 3 and 5.)

b. Import permits are required for all importations of
plants, except for seeds of flowers, vegetables, and
ornamental trees. (See par. 5, P. 2.)

c. Entry of plants is permitted only through the ports of
Port Herald and Chileka, unless the Governor otherwise
specifies in a permit. (See par. 6, p. 2.)


Importation Prohibited

2. Importation of the following is prohibited:

Bananas (Musa spp.) and parts thereof. (See par. 13, p. 5.)
(See par. 11, p. 4 for further list.)





-2-


Importation Restricted

3. Importations of the following products must be accompanied by
a phytosanitary certificate affirming their freedom from the pests
indicated, or that the products, except roses, were grown in an
area free from the said pests: (See par. 10, p. 3.)

Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) from Colorado potato beetle
(Leptlnotarsa decemlineata (Say)), and potato wart
(Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Perc.).
Rose plants (Rosa spp.) from virus diseases. (See par. 12, p. 3.)
Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) from angular leafspot
(Bacterium angulatum F.P. Frome & T.J. Murray), and wildfire
(Bacterium tabacum Wolf and H.C. Foster).
Tomato seed (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) from bacterial
canker '(Aplanobacter michiganense (E.F.Sm.)).


Importation Unrestricted

4. Importations of seeds of flowers, vegetables, and ornamental
trees are unrestricted. (See par. 5.)


GENERAL REGULATIONS

Import Permit Required

5. No person shall introduce or cause to be introduced into the
Protectorate any plant or the seeds of any plant, save the seeds
of flower garden plants, ornamental trees and vegetables without
the written permit of the Department of Agriculture specially
authorizing the introduction of the particular consignment of that
plant or seed from a specified source. The issue of a permit shall
be in the absolute discretion of the Department of Agriculture
which may attach conditions to the permit. An officer may cause to
be destroyed-any plant or seed introduced In contravention of this
paragraph together with the packages thereof, (Reg. 7.)


Authorized Ports of Entry

6. No person shall introduce or cause to be introduced into the
Protectorate any plant or the seed of any plant except (a) by post
or, (b), where the importation is otherwise than by post, through
Port Herald and Chileka in the Blantyre District 1/, or such other
place as the Governor in Council by Proclamation may declare to be
a port of entry for plants, unless permission in writing is first
obtained from the Governor allowing the importer to introduce-
specified plants at some other specified place. (Reg. 3.)


1/ The port of entry authorized by Proclamation No. 164 1935.





-3-


Notwithstanding anything contained in the above paragraph, no person
shall import any plant by air unless permission in writing is first
obtained from the Director of Agriculture. I/


Inspection on Arrival

7. An officer may examine any plant or seed introduced into the
Protectorate, together with the packages thereof, for the purpose of
discovering whether the same be infected with any insect pest or
plant disease. (Reg. 5.)


Disinfection

8. An officer who examines any plant or seed introduced into the
Protectorate may cause such plant or seed with the packages thereof
to be disinfected or otherwise treated as may be prescribed at the
cost of the importer, and may, in the case of such plant or seed
being infected with any pest or disease either before or after dis-
infection or treatment, cause such plant or seed and its packages
to be destroyed. (Beg. 8.)


Certificate of Origin Required of Importer

9. Every importer shall, when required by an officer, certify in
writing-

Name and address of the consignor;
Number and kind of packages;
Names, quantities, varieties, and grade marks of the
plants in the consignment; and
Place of origin of each of such plants and seeds; and
if any plant or seed not specified in such certificate be
found in the consignment or, being so specified, be
-. certified under a.-false or.misleading name or descrlption, .,
the officer may, subject to the approval of the Department
of Agriculture, cause that plant or seed to be destroyed.
>7
Any person furnishing a certificate under this sub-section which is
false in any material particular shall be guilty of an offense.


SPECIAL REGULATIONS

Phytosanitary Certificate Required for Specific Articles

10. No person shall introduce, or cause to be introduced into the
Protectorate any of the plants mentioned in the schedule for
plants in this paragraph, or the seeds thereof respectively unless


I/Proclamation No. 6 of 1936.








the consignment be certified to the satisfaction of the department
by a duly authorized official of the country whence the same w'as
exported to be free from any disease or pest mentioned in the
schedule of pests and diseases in this paragraph or to have been
grown in an area free from such of the said diseases or pests as
the particular plant may be liable to.

a. Schedule of plants

Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.)
Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.)
Tomato seed (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) i/

b. Schedule of pests and diseases

Aplanobacter michlganense (E.FSm.) Bacterial canker I/
Bacterium angulatum F.P. Frome &
T.J. Murray Angular leaf spot
Bacterium tabacum Wolf & H.C.Foster Wildfire
Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) Colorado potato beetle
Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.)
Perc. Potato wart


Importation Prohibited

11. The 'introduction into the Protectorate of any of the following
is prohibited: 2/

Acacia plants and parts thereof, except seeds and manufactured
products.
Apples (Malus spp.), pears (Pyrus spp.), quinces (Cydonia
oblonga Tourn.) and loquats- (Eriobotrya Japonica Lindl.).
Broomcorn (Sorghum vul-are var. technicum (Koern. Jay.) if
unmanufactured and unless the crowns are completely cut
away or otherwise crushed to shreds.
Chestnut (Cessanea spp.) seeds or plants.
Citrus (Citrus spp.) fruits (fresh) and dried citrus peel,
excluding candied citrus peel.
Coniferous plants and parts thereof, except seeds and manu-
factured products.
Elm (Ulmus spp.) seeds and plants.
Eucalyptus spp., except seeds and manufactured products.
Fresh stone fruits (peaches, plums, prunes, etc.).
Oak (Quercus spp.) plants and parts thereof, except seeds and
manufactured products.
Peach (live) stones (Amygdalus persica L.).
Plane (Platanus spp.) plants and parts thereof, except seeds
and manufactured products.
Plants in soil other than special rooting compost.

1/Proclamation No. 5 of 1945.
2/Proclamatlon No. 11 of 1936. .








Certification of Rose Plants Against Virus Diseases Required

12. The importation of any rose plant from Australia, Canada or
the United States of America shall be permitted only on condition
that the consignment be certified to the satisfaction of the
Director of Agriculture by a duly authorized official of the country
whence the same was exported to be free from any virus disease of
roses. i/


Bananas Prohibited

13. No banana plants (Musa spp.) or parts thereof shall be imported
into the Protectorate unless accompanied by a certificate issued by
a mycologist of the South African or Rhodesian Government certifying
such bananas to have been grown In quarantine under the supervision
of the said mycologist, and to be free from disease. 2/



1/Proclamation No. 10 of 1936.
2/Government Notice No. 29 of March 10, 1942.




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