Plant-quarantine import restrictions of British India

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Title:
Plant-quarantine import restrictions of British India
Series Title:
B.E.P.Q. ;
Physical Description:
9 p. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Strong, Lee A
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
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U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
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Rev.

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Subjects / Keywords:
Plant quarantine -- Law and legislation -- India   ( lcsh )
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federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

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Also available in electronic format.
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Cover title.
General Note:
"March 27, 1937."
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"Lee A. Strong, Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine."

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030430222
oclc - 785831494
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AA00026090:00001

Full Text












UITITZI) STi' ES i)EPAi- .T' ENT OF AGI ICULiUitE
Bureau of Entomolo,-- and Pl., nt quarantinee Wasll"Lington, D. 0.




Bo B. P. Q.-404, Revised March 27, 1937.















PLANT-QUAH.i fTINE L,,,,PORT RESTAICTIOliS 01,

INDIA







UNITED STATES DEPARTiMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Bureau of Entomology and Plont Quarantine Washington, D. C.




B. E. P. Q.-404, Revised March 27, 1937.



PLANT-QUAPANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS
01

BRITISH INDIA



This summary of the plant-quarentine import restrictions of British India has been prepared for the information of nurserymen, plan t-quarantine officials, and others interested in the exportation of plants and plant products to that country.

It was prepared by Harry B. Shaw, Plant Quarantine lIspector, in Charge, Foreign Information Service, Division of Foreign Plant Quarantines, from the text of the Destructive Insects and Pests Act, approved February 3, 1914, as amended, and that of Notification No. F-320/35-A, of July 20, 1936, and was reviewed by the Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, Simla, India.

The information contained in this circular is believed to be correct and complete up to the time of preparation, but it is not intended to be used independently of, nor as a substitute for, the
original texts.




LEI A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology_ and Plant Qartpne,_
















PLANT-QUIARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS

OF

BRITISH INDIA


CONTENT S

Page

Press cornmuniqie on certification of' plants-------2

Basic legislation- -- ------------------3

Summary -- -----------------------3
Importation prohibited-- -- ----------3
Importation restricted- --~--- ----- --4

Rules on the importation of plants into British India- 5
Definitions-------------------5
Importation of plants by letter or sample mail
prohibited- -- ---------------5
Importation of plants by air prohibited ---- 5
Imported plants must be fumigated on arrival- -5 Federal inspection certificate required 6
Potatoes must be certified against wart disease 6
Special certification of rubber plants - - 6
Special certification of citrus plants- - - 7
Sugarcane restrictions-------------7
Importation of Hevea prohibited from certain
countries- ------------ ----- 7
Restrictions on importation of coffee-------7 Cotton restrictions- -- -------------Restrictions on importation of cotton from America &
Entry of cotton by mail or baggage prohibited a

Certificate prescribed. by article 5-------- ---9







-2






PKYMCSANITARY CERTIFI CATE REQUIRED FOR PLANTS

OFFERED FOR EXPRT TO BRITI SH I14DIA



The De-oartment of Education, Health and Lands of British

India, through a press communiqueo dated New Delhi, December 15,

1936, warns that shipments of plants unaccompanied. by the prescribed certificate will-not be admitted.-into ,InaLia, The textof the communique' follow:


"Ilt has been brought to the notice of. the
Government of India that consignments of plants (other than fruits and vegetables intended for
consumption, and potatoes) are being sent to
India from abroad without a health certificate or with a certificate not identical with that
prescribed in the Third Schedule published with
the Government of India, Department of Education,
Health and Lands, Notification No. F 320/35-A., dated
20th July, 1936. It is essential that the conditions in the rules published in the notification referred to should be strictly observed, and for,
the information of parties interested it is notified
that consignmnents will not be passed for clearance by the Customs Authorities in India at the port of
disembarkation after the 31st January 1937 unless
accompanied by health certificates in the prescribed
form."






3


PLANT-QUAPARAINTINE IiIORT RESTRICT IONS

OF

BRITISH INDIA



BASIC LEGISLATION

The Destructive Insects and Pests Act, approved February 3, 1914, as amended up to iiiay 14, 1931.

The act empowers the Governor-General-in-Council, by notification of the Gazette of India, to prohibit or regulate the importation into British India of any article or class of articles likely to cause the infection of any crop.

The act also empowers the local government, subject to the control of the Governor-General-in-Council, to make rules for the detention, inspection, disinfecticn, or destruction of such article or class of articles and to impose penalties for infractions of the said rules.


SUivaviARY


Importation Prohibited

COFFEE PLANTS, SEEDS, AND BEANS (Coffea spp.): May be imported
only by the Director of Agriculture, Madras Presidency, for
experimental planting, to prevent the introduction of insect
pests, especially the coffee berry borer (Stephanoderes
hampei Hagedorn). (Notification of July 20, 1936, art. 12, p. !7.)

COTTON, UNGINNED (other than cotton from a Kathiawar port), that
has been produced in India, shall not be imported by sea or air, to prevent the introduction of various pests of cotton.
(Art. 14 (1), p. 8.)

FLAX (Linum usitatissimum L.), B3RSEEM (Trifolium alexandrinum L.)
and COTTON (Gossqyium spp.), seeds of: May not be imported
by letter or sample mail otherwise than by sea, to prevent the
introduction of dodder (Cuscuta spp.). (Art. 11(a) p. 7.)

MEXICAN JUivING BEANS (Sebastiania palmeri Rose, Euphorbiaceae):
Importation absolutely prohibited to prevent the introduction
of Gr pholitha saltitans Westwood. (Art. 11 (b), p. 7.)







4

PLA 2TS may not be imported into British India by letter or sample
mail, or by air, except as provided in articles 2 and 3. (See
pp. 5 and 6.)

E JER PLANTS A:D SKEEDS (Hevea spp.): Importation from America or
West Indies prohibited except by the Director of Agriculture, Madras Presidency, to prevent the introduction of Fomes (semitostus) lianosu.s Kl. S-phaerustilbe repens B.
and Br., jusicladiui:: macrospe rum Kuyper, and Oidium hevae
Steinmann. (Art. 10, p. 7.,

SUGARCANE (Saccharum officinarum L.): Importation prohibited from
the Fiji Islands, New Guinea, Australia, and the Philippines,
to prevent the introduction of injurious pests and diseases
of sugarcane. (Art. 9, p. 7.).


Importation Restricted

CITRUS PLANTS AND CUTTINGS: Mviy not be imported unless accompanied by
a federal certificate in prescribed form and also certifying freedom from "mal del secco" (Deuterophoma tracheiphila Petri).
(Art. 8, p. 7.)

COTTONSEED FOR EXPERIivINTAL PURPOSES: May be imported only by a designated officer (see p. 8) and only through the port of Bombay
subject to fumigation on arrival or presentation of a fumigation
certificate, and in quantities not exceeding one hundredweight
(112 lbs.). (Art. 14 (2), p. 8.)

FLAX (Linum usitatissimum L.) and BERSEEM (Trifolium alexandrinum L.)
seeds of: May be imported only under a license from the Department of Agriculture of India. (Art. 13, p.8.)
PLANTS CTIER THAN FRUITS AND VEGETABLES intended for consumption, and
potatoes, must be accompanied by a federal certificate in the
prescribed form (see p. 8). (Art. 5, p. 6.)

POTi TOES: Must be accompanied by a shipper's declaration and a federal
certificate affirming freedom from wart. Provided that potatoes
may be imported under a certificate from the Imperial Economic Botanist, Imperial Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.
(Art. 6, p. 6.)

POTATOnS FR0.. ITALY: Must be accompanied by a certificate of freedom
from disease. (Art. 6. Text omitted.)

r R PLATS (Hevea spp.) imported by sea: Must be accompanied
by an official certificate that the estate on which the plants originated, or the individual plants, are free from specified
plant pests. (Art. 7, p. 6; see also art. 10, p. 7.)




-5

SUGARCAITE (Saccharum off icinarum L.) intended to be grown under
the supervision of the Government Sugarcane Expert, Coimbatore,
may be imported by him by mail. (Art. 2, p. 5.,)

SUGARCANE from countries other than the Fiji Islands, New Guinea, Australia, or the Philippines, must be accompanied by a federal
inspection certificate. (Art. 9 (2), p. 7.)


RULES ON THE IiPORTATION CF PLANTS INTO BRITISH INDIA

(Notification No. F.-320/35-A, of July 20, 1936)

Definitions

Article 1. (a) "Official certificate" means a certificate
granted by the proper officer or authority in the country
of origin (The U. S. Department of kgricultarre).

(b) "Plants" means a living plant or part thereof, but does
not include seeds.

(c) "Prescribed port" means any of the following ports,
namely, Bombay, Calcutta, Cochin, Dhanushkodi, Karachi, Madras,
Negapatam, Rangoon, and Tuticorin.

(d) All provisions applying to plants or seeds shall apply
also to all packing material used in packing or wrapping such
plants or seeds.


Importation of Plants by Letter or Sample Mail Prohibited

Art. 2. No plant shall be imported into British India by
letter or sample post; provided that sugarcane for planting, intended to be grown under the personal supervision of the Government Sugarcane
Expert, Coimbatore, may be imported by him by such mail.


Importation of Plants by Air Prohibited

Art. 3. No plant shall 'e imported into British India by air; provided that plants infested by living insects and intended
for the introduction of such insects may be so imported if they are accompanied by a special certificate from the Imperial Entomologist to the Government of India that such plants are imported for the purpose
of introducing such insects.


Imported Plants Must Be 3Fmnigated on Arrival

Art. 4. No plants, other than fruits and vegetables intended
for consumption, potatoes, and sugarcane shall be imported into British
India by sea except after fumigation with hydrocyanic acid gas and at a prescribed port: I I|kAlY
A l '....







Provided that plants infested by living parasitized insects
intended for the introduction of such pa.rasites may be imported without such fumigation if they are accompanied by a special certificate from the Imperial Entomologist to the Government of India that such plants are imported for the purpose of introducing such parasites.

Provided also that in the case of plants imported direct
by r. '. K. Seetharama Chetty, so long as he holds the post of Superintendent, Government Gardens, Mysore, such fumigation shall be dispensed with on condition that he makes himself personally responsible
for the effective fumigation under the supervision of the Mycologist of the Mysore Agricultural Department of all such plants within four days of their landing in India, and that before release from the fumigatorium the plants are certified as free from insect pests and diseases by the Government Mycologist and by the Government Entomologist, Mysore State.


Federal Inspection Certificate Required

Art. 5. No plants, other than fruits and vegetables intended
for consumption, and potatoes, shall be imported into British India by sea unless accompanied by an official certificate in the form prescribed
and unless they are free from injurious insects and diseases.


Potatoes Must Be Certified Against Wart

Art. 6. Potatoes shall not be imported into British India by
sea unless accompanied by -(a) A declaration from the shipper stating fully in what
country and district the potatoes were grown and guaranteeing
that potato wart was not known to exist on the farms where
the potatoes were grown, and

(b) An official certificate that no case of wart disease
of potatoes has been known during the 12 months preceding the date of the certificate within 5 miles of the place where the potatoes were grown. Provided that potatoes may be imported under a certificate from the Imperial Agricultural Botanist,
Imperial Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.


Special Certification of Rubber Plants

Art. 7. Rubber plants shall not be imported into British India
by sea unless, in addition to the general certificate required under article 5, they are accompanied by an official certificate affirming that the estate from which the plants originated or the individual plants are free from Fomes linosus Kl., phaerostilbe regens B.& Br., ielanoisammopsis ulei (Henn.) Stahel=(Fusicladium macrosporiuza Kuyper), and Qidium ht-veae Steinmann.






7

Special Certification of Citrus Plants

Art. 8. No lemon plants, lime plants, orange plants, grapefruit plants, or other citrus plants, and no cuttings of such plants shall oe imported into British India unless, in addition to the general certificate required under article 5, they are accompanied by an official certificate that. they are free from the "mal del secco" (Deuterophoma tracheiphila Petri) or thet the disease does not exist in the country in which they are grown.


Sugarcane Restrictions

Art. 9. (1) The importation of sugarcane into British India
by sea from the Fiji Island, New Guihea, Australia, or the Philippine Islands is prohibited absolutely.

(2) The importation of sugarcane into British India by sea
from any other country is prohibited unless, in addition to the general certificate required under article 5, it is acco.tpanied by an official certificate that it has been examined and found free from cane borers, scale insects, aleurodes, root disease (any form), pineapple disease (Thielaviopsis paradoxa (De Seyn) Hoehn.), sereh and cane gummiosis, that it was obtained from a crop which was free from mosaic disease, and that the Fiji disease of sugarcane does not occur in the country of export.


Importation of Hevea Prohibited from Certain Countries

Art. 10. Hevea rubber plants an4 seeds shall not be imported into BritishIndiap from America or from the West Indies except by the Director of Agriculture, Madras Presidency.

Art. 11. (a) Seeds of flax, berseem, and cotton shall not be imported by letter or sample post, otherwise than by sea.

(b) The importation of ."iviexican jumping beans" (Sebastiania palmeri Rose, of the family Ephorbiaceae) is prohibited absolutely to prevent the introduction of Graholitha saltitans Westwood.


Restrictions on Importation of Coffee

Art. 12. Coffee plants, coffee seeds, and coffee beans shall
not be imported into British India except for experimental planting by the Director of Agriculture, ivi.dras Presidency, who shall take all measures necessary to insure that such coffee plants, beans, or seeds as are imported by him are free from plant diseases and injurious insects. Provided that the prohibition hereinbefore contained shall not apply (a) to roasted and ground coffee, or (b) to a consignment of unroasted or unground coffee beans or seeds produced in India
and covered by a certificate of origin in the prescribed form.






8

Art. 13. Seeds of flex (Linum usitatissimm L.) and berseem
(Trifolium alexandrinum L.) shall not be imported into British India by sea., unless the consignee produces before the Collector of Customs a license from the Department of Agriculture in India in that behalf.


Cotton Restrictions

Art. 14. (1) Unginned cotton, other than cotton from a Kathiawar
port, which hes been produced in India, shall not be imported by sea
o r by ai r.

(2) Cottonseed shall not be imported by sea save for experimental purposes by designated officers in India, and shall not be so imported by such officer save at the port of Bombay and in quantities not exceeding one hundredweight (112 lbs.) in any one consignment aftd on condition that it shall be fumigated with carbon disulphide on importation:

Provided that, if the cottonseed is accompanied by a certificate from a Government Entomologist of the country of origin to the effect that the seed and its container have been treated in such a way as to destroy all insect life, the seed shall be examined on importation by
such officer as the Governor-General-in-Council may appoint and shall not be required to be refumigated unless such examination shows that to be necessary. (See also t~he notification of Oct. 1, 1931, Cotton from
America. See below.)

Art. 15. Nothing in these rules shall be deemed to apply to-(1) The import of any article into Aden, or

(2) The bringing by sea or by air from one pott or place
in British India, not being in Aden, to another such
port or place.


RESTRICTIONS ON COTTON -01vi AIZRICA

(Notification No. 1581-Agri., of Oct. 1, 1931)


Definition

Article 1. "Cotton" includes ginned cotton, and droppings, strippings, fly, and other waste products of a cotton mill, other than yarn waste, but does not include unginned cotton.
"American cotton" means all cotton produced in any part of America.






-9

Entry of Cotton by Mail or Baggage Prohibited

Art. 2. American cotton shall not be imported into British
India by letter or sample mail or as passengers' accompanied baggage, and shall not be imported by any other means save through the port of Bombay and subject to disinfection as prescribed by the G-overnmnent
of Bomfbay at the expense of the importer.


Certificate Prescribed by Article 5

This is to certify that the plant(s), living plant(s) or plant products (strike out what is not applicable) included in the consignment, of which particulars are given below were/was thoroughly examined on the (date) by (name of inspector) a duly authorized official of the (UI. S. Department of Agriculture), and found to be healthy, no evidence of the presence of any injurious insect, pest, or disease [destructive to agricultural or horticultural crops or to trees or bushes] having been found in/on them end thC-t the consignment (including the packing) covered by this certificate has/has not been treated in the following, manner (e.g. fumigated with
or disinfected Vith )prior/ immediately subosequaent
to inspection.

Inspected/not inspected in the field by a duly authorized inspector on


Signature
(Official Title)
Date

No. and description of packages D is tingui sh ing marks
Description of plants or plant products Locality where grown
Exported by
Name and e1dress of consignee Name of vessel or particulars of Jroute Date of shipmen
Port or ]?ace of~ entry
Additional certificate (s) attached

(Give details of any special certificate or certificates issued in
respect of imports specifically requiring them.)





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