Preliminary tests of plant materials as insecticides

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Material Information

Title:
Preliminary tests of plant materials as insecticides
Physical Description:
35 p. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Bottger, G. T
Jacobson, Martin
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Administration, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Biological insecticides -- Testing   ( lcsh )
Insect pests   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references (p. 3).
Statement of Responsibility:
by G.T. Bottger and Martin Jacobson.
General Note:
Caption title.
General Note:
"E-796."
General Note:
"April 1950."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030338096
oclc - 780446371
System ID:
AA00025229:00001

Full Text




April 1950

United States Departi-iient of Z i.Criculture
A,-ricultural Resa; rch 2tdministration
Bureau of Ento.-iology and Plant ""Uarantine



PRET TT TESTS OF PL _ITT 111iTElUALS AS 111SECTII-I-By G. T. Bottger, Division of Control lnve '.i._ '-- '
and Miartin Jacobson, l/ Division cf Ins-.-- -1--ide Ttn---_s- -7-ni


Reported herein are res-_ ts of toxicity tests -xitll) 1 materials ,-; -iich were started a", t ,-, inseoticide-t,istinthis Bureau at Sanford, Fla., and continued at Division of Insecticide Investigations supplied i -.ost o
which they either prepared or acquired from other sou.--(-.

Most samples were tested against three or more -, s of insects; some of the most toxic materials were tested against a, many ar seven* The following species were used in the tests:

Alder flea beetle (Altica a:abiens (Lee.))'
Armyworm, (L his unipuncta
Autograph oo Cr.
Be lpaf' roller (Urbanus proteus (L.))
CabbaTe looper (Trichoplusia ni (Hbn.
Celery leaf tier ctaenia rubiLalis (Guen.))
Cross-striped cabbageworm (Evergestis rimosalis (Guen.))
Fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea (Drury))
Green dock beetle (Gastro2 ysiZ cyanea Melsh)
Hawaiian beat webworm (Hymenia recurvalis, (F.))
Imported cabbageworm (Pieris rap-a0 -(L.))-
Large milkweed bug (Oncopeltus fasciatus (Dall.))
Melonworm (Diaphania hyalinata (L.)) Pea aphid (Flacro3i2hwa pisi (Kltb.))
Pickleworm (Diaphania nitidalis (Stoll))
Polka dot wasjT__%oth7Syntoneida a i ais (-Xalker))
Southern armyworm (P denia eridani _Fram. )
Southern beet webworm (Pachyzancla biipunctalis (F.))
Squash bug (Anasa tristis Deg.)
Striped blister b etle_7picauta vitata
Sweetpotato weevil (Cylas form-,ca.-d.,Two-spot-ted spider raite (Tetrzu; _-,,)
Variegated out--;orm (Peridroina
Yellovi-striped armywonn 1?7 ;_&n 0, M T

Ce SwinZle, Clemence Levir, A. P. Y-rin,,t..n F in makin the biological tests.


























































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Literature Cited

(1) McGovrsa, E. R. Iotg T. Ger-sdorff,.Arnd1e T
1947. Inse- -ti '-l cini of Helio-Sis Fo_ pearH1e u. bi. Ent. and PlnF ur ,~p


()Mclndoo, N. E.
145. PIa't. of Losible 4netcd41w1eA s ft
liertue pto 14,U. S ueuH 1n
qu~a r. E-6 t, 2 6 pp Procefse()Sievar6, A. F. Archer, W A. (ooe, R. E. R. .
1949. Inse cticidal tssof -Plants fro tri-a Aei
Ju.Econ. 4u, 2: 54,3-5a.









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1-4










Table 4. Experimental materials that were found to be practically
nontoxic, killing less than 25 percent of? the insects ar-ainst
which they were tested


Plant and part tested Insect


Amanita muscaria, (L.) Pers. Cross-striped cabbageworm
Hawaiian beet webworn
le lonvo rrn

Ampelopsis arborea (L.) Rusby., Cabbage loojie"
stems and le-e Mel onwormn
Southern amFyrorn

Anamirta cooculias (L.) 17ight.and Amn.: A mywo r-7
Be rries Pea aphid
Two-spotted sp in ite

25',' dust of petroleumn ether extractive A rn y,,o rr
Celery leaf tier
Pea aphid

25/o dust of ethyl ether extractive in Pyrax Amywori
Celery leaf tier
Pea aphid

Apcnmcannabinm L,. Hawiian beet webwo -n
Leaves Mel onworm
Southern amwr~

Twigs and stens Cabbaige looper
ross-stripedc
HIawaiiana beet weUwrm
Southern arnkwor-;i

Acepas labriformis, L.: MTh 1nworm
stems Southern armywom
S triped blister beetle

Bailleria barbasco H*B.Ko, Mel onvo rm
roots Southern aniywom
Soutilern beet webwom

Barbasco stems Cross-striped cabba-evorm
Mel onwom
Southern annyworm


concentration 100 percent except where noted otherwise.





























77 X j r 71 8L


ol




















is Lis n ar k n











c In






29



Table 4. (Continued)


Plant and part tested Insect


Dadonaea visco3um Jacq., leaves Cross-striped cabbageworm
Havmiian beet webworm
Southern armyworm

Dalea, arL;Zaea, A.Syray Melonworm
Southern armyworm Southern beet webwona

Daubentonia drir=oudii Hydb., seeds Melonworm
Striped blister beetle

Delph.Lnium sp., roots Autographa oo
- _LD
Cross-striped cabbageworm Melonivorm
Southern armyworm

Derris scandens (Ro;cb." Benth., roots Cabbe. e looper
Cross-striped cabbageworm
Hawaiian beet webworm Melomworm

Zrigeron reopens A.Gray do.
Southern annyworm Southern beet webworm

Eupatorium compositifolium Walt. Cabbage looper
Cross-striped cabbageworm
-qaimiian beet webworm Southern armyworm

Eupatorium urticaefolixin Reichard. Meloaworm
Southern annyworm Southern beet webworm

Glottidium vesicarium (Jacq.)Harper, Autographa oo
seeds Cabbage lo er
Cross-stri: ed cabbaseworm

southern an-ayworm

Gnaphalium leucocephalm A."ray do.
So uth,,-m 'beet webwona














plmt Irt



.u%: run; in "in I Wray
7- '1



!ZU A





-ULU 1 U t rs 7 i 1 ve in Pr
i rLX U! A



-ts, 25.1 du3t of etnciol extructive in
:-!'ry 1-0 tier
? t a '--i d vw-apomtel spoiler Oita

insis Kracilis Nutt.:
-AL
Aqvrs color! leaf tiQr
La -je milsweei lu': Pen aj"id Two-spintes SlAer mite

Loavuo Klo7K rm xtraztive A I- _' r1z
Zelcry leaf tier 5reen dozk Peatle
7ho-qolned S idcr mne

M
Cel ry Amf tier
Arvon i-nk trestle 7wc-s7anze! sTimer =Ito

!"")Ots' ("L"IfLnol oxtracti" A .-- .-Wo m
Colcry lvAl tior Twv-s oclol syi"Or Mite

Flexor othjulol 0;Ar'1':'L1va Arn Awrm
Coi. ry 1W t irr Two- y ct!02 SPIAor =Ito


Stem
tier












Plant and part tested 1/ Isect


Heliopsis parvifolia Gray: A rywoornm
Leaves Celery leaf tier
'TwVo-spotted spider mite

Roots A rmyworm
Celery leaf tier
Two-spotted spider mite

Roots, ethanol extractive Armyworm
Celery leaf tier
Green dock beetle
Two-spotted spider mite

Stems, ethanol extractive Armyworm
Celery leaf tier
Green dock beetle
Two-spotted spider mite

Indigofera suffruticosa Mill.: Melonworm
Seeds Southern annyworm

Stems Melonwonrm
S outhe rn armyworm

Larrea tridentata (DC.) Coville Hawaiian beet webworm
(creosote bush), root

Lupinus anustifolius L., seeds Melonworma
Southern a rmy'Vwo rm
Southern beet webworm

Melia azedarach L., (chinaberry): Armyworm
Bark, 12.5% dust of the petroleum ether Celery leaf tier
extractive in Pyrax Pea aphid

Bark, 20 dust of the ethyl ether Armywormn
extractive in Pyrax Celery leaf tier
Pea aphid
Two-spotted spider mite

Bark, 25 dust of the chloroform extractive Armyworm
in Pyrax Celery leaf tier
Pea aphid
Two-spotted spicer mite
































~~ ~ ~ . .. . ... ....






























i)~ ~ ~ ~ e i;. F,.or eK4.rt Ia



M_- vo 77.




'k"






33


Table 4. (Continued)


Plant and part tested / Insect


Polygonum punctatum Ell. Bean leaf roller
Melonworm
Southern armyworm Southern beet webworm

Polygonum spp. Meloni,'orm
Southern armyworm Southern beet webworm

Populus candicans Ait., buds, 25%1 dust Armyworm
of ethyl ether extractive in Pyrax Celery leaf tier
Pea aphid
Two-spotted spider mite

Psilostrophe gnaphalodes DC. Melonvworm
Southern armyworm Southern beet webworm

Pynothymus rigidus (Bart.) Small Melonworm
Southern armyworm Striped blister beetle

Ratibida columnaris (Sims.) D.Don Melonworm
Southern armywonrm Southern beet webworm

Rauwolfia hirsuta Jacq., leaves and stems Melonworm
10'/o dust of combined petroleum ether, ether, Southern armyViorm
chloroform and ethanol extractives in talc Southern beet webworm

Scilla thunbergii Miyabe and Kudo, root Southern armyworm
Southern beet webworm

Sequoia sempervirens Endl.,(redwood)bark, Armywrorm
25% dust ofethahol extractive in Pyrax Celery leaf tier
Pea aphid
Two-spotted spider mite

"Sinaca"wood, 10% dust of separation from Bean leaf roller
ethanol extractive Melonworm
Southern anmywo rm Southern beet wbworm

Smilax spp., roots Cabbage looper
Li:elonworm
Southern a n~wo nn







At

















r7-m










j7













x4 -I






v







o rl







Table 4. (Continued)


Plant and part tested j Insect


Viguiera dentata (Cav.) Spreng.: Anrywrorm
Root Celery leaf tier
Two-spotted spider mite

Leaves Armnnyworm
Celery leaf tier
Two-spotted spider mite

Stems A nmyworm
Celery leaf tier
Two-spotted spider mite

Willardia mexicana (Wats.) Rose: Autographa o
Bark Cross-striped cabbageworm
Melonworm
Southern armyworm

Wood Autographa oo
Cross-striped cabbageworm Southern armyworm

Zanthoxylutm clava-herculis L., bark, Armyworm
25% dust of the combined successive ethyl Celery leaf tier
ether, chloroform and ethanol extractives Pea aphid
in Pyrax







1262 09239 1043