|Table of Contents|
Front Cover 1
Front Cover 2
Title Page 1
Title Page 2
Table of Contents
List of Tables
List of Illustrations
Summary of recommendations
Standards for public library service
Emergency rescue and medical service
Open space and recreation
Water and sewer facilities
Back Cover 1
Back Cover 2
COM MUNITY to ono01A
The Preparation of this report was financed in gett through a comprehensive planning grant from
-thp prtment of Housing and Urban Development.
July# 197 4
x A"" ,giog0 4annig, council
00athwest .Qedond Place
e ville, Florida 32601
46 1 4
OW IOGRAP"M DATA I. Report No. 1 3. Recipi,.,,c's Accession No.
$"'#VT NCFRPC -74- 005 1
TtTw and SAtbtitle 5. Report Date
Comunity Facilities, 1974 6.
7. Awhor(s) B. Performing Organizat on Rept.
See #9 Below NCFRPC-74-005
'0, Petiorming Organization Name and Address 10. Proiect/Task/Work Unit No.
North Central Florida Reqional Planning Council kVe Southwest Second Place 11. Contract/Grant No.
Gainesville, Plorida- 32,601 CPA-FL-04-29-1036
it' SPtm- soring Organization Name and Address 13. Type of Report & Period Department'of Housing and Urban Development Covered
661 RiVet aide Avenue Final.
Jacksonville, Florida 31204 14.
The CommA;,nity Facilities Plan considers existing facilities and the
project --d need for new or expanded facilities and.-s.ervices within
Alachua CcAM-ty and the municipalities therein,,.basedupon population ProjeCtiOngthrough the year 1990. Where applicable, existinqstate
and national standards were utilized. The Com=nity Facilitieil specifically considered include libraries, schools and the public safety
sector including law enforcementf fire protection, emerqency mqdical
an4.emergenoy'rescue serviaes,, and bikeways.0. Summaries of existing
or, on-going'studies include open space and.Recreation,-Selid Waste
Management and Water and Sewer Facilities.
.... ... .........
"IT. ]KAYV=S ; R, hiw=t Tkz;-%T. M." Descriptors''
X- -,t9Wv4 Toms,
(tibraries, sohools, Soiid Wasto Man-agemenit, Water '0&9i, ftoee aAd Recreation, Bikeways,, Fire Pr tection, Law
ftocue and lfterqene ical; Existing Facilitie.-; =-ar- o
i C-J 7i ZYMS 1. No. of Pages
I t ouq
JV Ilu h tbo Oar th UNCLAI IED 190
VIAL OiiFi Class Mi;i 22--'Price
TA13LE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents . . . . . .. . . ...
List of Tables Vi
List of i illustration . . . . . . . . Vii q
List of Maps . . . . . . . . . .
Summary of.Recommendations . . . . . . .
Libraries . . . . . . . . . .
Public Safety . . . 0 0 0 a & -1 0 0 2 Bi-keways . ..... . . . . . . . 4
Open Space and Recreation . . . ... . . 5
Water and Sewer 9
Introductions .. . . . .
Libraries . . . . . . . . 22
Existing Vacilities . . 23
Santa Fe Regional Library System . . . . 23
Detailed Specifics . . . 24
Hawthorne . . . . . . . . . 27
High Springs . . . . . . . . 27
Micanopy . . . . . . . . . 28
University'and College Libraries 29
University of Florida . . . . . . 29
Santa Fe Commmnity College . . . . . 29
Private a nd Public Schools . . . ... . 30
Standards for Public Library Service . . . . 31
Structures . . . . . . . .. . . 31
Physical Facilities . . . . . . . . 34
Book Collection . . . . . . . . . 37
Bookmobiles . . . . . . . . . . 41
Financial Resources . . . . . . . . 45
Comparison: Existing facilities and standards 45
1990 Plan . . . . . . . . .
j 4; 4,t
. .. . .. ..... .... ... ...
TABLE OF.CONTENTS (Continued)
Physical Facilities 4. 6. 6 51
Gainesville Public:-Library .... 51
Hawthorne 6 6 52
High Sp i g 4 6 0 6 6 .4 . . 53
Mlcanopy 6 . .. .... . 53
NW~herry, Waldo, Archer, and LaCrosse ......54
Bookmobiles . . . . . . . . . .55
Book Collections ......... ........55
Personnel . . . . 0 l 57
Funding . . . . ... a. ... 5
Publ-'c 6af ety . . . . . . . 58
Fith Protection Facilities . .5 . . 58
WAterzsystems .. .. .. .. .... .. 59
Fire Flow . . . . . . . . . 61
Obje tiv s . . . . . . . .6
Stjecdards . . . . . . . . 61
Analysis . .b a . 63
Conclusions a . . . . . . . .6
atelt Distribution System ..........67
Objectivesr .. ..... .. 67
Standards . . . . . ., . .67
Analysis . . . . . . .. 68
1 W dr nts . . . . . ... 69
Stakudards a . . . 70
AAAlt sis 81 .Is ...... 72
Cobaclu ons T 4
na atiorns a . . . . 75
i 1 a . . . ..a. 7
i t s ,d s ....... 7 7
0, AA y i 6 V .4.. 77
: he .. . 78
yeaty Al arm Mete .Jw ee ... .S
TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued)
911 Emergency Phone NUAlberg 4r 0
Private Alarm Systems
Analysis .. . . . . . . .
Conclusions . . . . . . . .
Recommendations - 0 s 0 0 0 W 0 V, 21 a a 913
Fire Station Distribution . . . . . 91
Objectives . . . . 93
Standards . . . 94
Analysis . . . %
Gainesville urban Area . . 94
Smaller Communities . . . . . t9
Emergency Rescue and medical service . '105
Standards 0 W a 0 a 0 0 a 0 0 0 0 106 Analysis - - 108
Conclusions - 9 109
Recommendations . . . . . . . . . 110
Police o a 0 ill
Conclusions a 113'
Recommendations . . a 114
Bikeways . . . . 0 0 0 115
Planning Considerations 115
Existing Conditions 124
School Facilities 132
Projections . . . . . *-4-* 0 134
OptJMUM Si ze . . . . . 135
Site Location Criteria . . . 136
Open Space and Recreation 140
Review of ExistingFaciltties 141,
State Parks in AlacbuA-Co,4ntVj,,i 0 A -, t
TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued)
Co nty Owhed REcreational Areas . . . . . 142
Regional Parks .................14
District Parks .............. ..143
Neighborhood Parks' .......143
Special Use Facilities . ...........14
Gainesville Urban Area ..... .......,145
Alachua County Municipalities . . . . .. 145
Special Use. Facilities . . .........14.7
Recommendations ....... . . . 147
Sources of Funding ................150 L
Federal Funding.. 150
Sthte Funding ..................151
4yironmentally Endangered Land Programs .. 152
141al4 Funding ..................154
M4ajor Op en Space Systems ............156
Regional Parks . . . ..........159
District Parks- 162
Watek and Sover Facilities ............166
water P46cili tie s ........ 167
$ewer Facilities . . . .1 ... .169
SoaA aste.. .. 174
hoalid Waste Collection ....... 175
60,114 Waste Disposal . . . . ,.. 176.
Sbig4 Wate, ManageMent .............176
Whi aof Conclusions ........ ....178
LIST OF TABLES",
1. Population Projections, Alachua County, 1970-1990 201,111,
2. Gainesviller Public Library,, Resources
3. Annual Book Circulation Figures, Santa Fe 26Regional Library System I
4. Guidelines Determining Minimum SpaceRequire- 37
5. Experience Formulas for Library Size and Costs 319
6. Per Capita Holdings, Florida Library Study 40
7. Distribution of Resources, 1990 56
8. Municipal Fire Protection Ratings# Alachua County 601( 9. Required Fire Flow 62
10. Standard Hyd rant Distribution 71
11. Distribution Standard for Engine and Ladder 96
12. Fi re Station Location,. Equipment and Manpower,, 08
City of Gainesville
13. Fite ProtectionEquipment and Manpower,, Alachua, lop
14. Auto.-Bike Accidents, Gainesville, 1973-1974 116
15. Bikeway Costs
Scliool Endorsement Trends 1,13
17. School Enrollment Projection 134
18. Cbansge in School Enrollment, 19. Optimum Size of Schools by School Type 135
20. Projected School Plans Need, 1980-1990 135
21. County Owned Recreational Areas in Alachua l44
22. Recreational Areas, Gainesville Urban Area 145
23. Recreational Areas, Alachua County Munici- 146
24. Special Use Facilities 147
25. 1980 Program and- 199 0 Plan 148-149
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
1-4. Bikeway Types1812
5. Accident comparisons 123
1. Gainesville Urban Area, 1990 21
2, Extent of Coverage by Emergency Alarm 92
Boxep, Gainesville Urban Area
3. Fire'Station Lo-cations, Gainesville Urban 95
4. Publi-c Safety Districts, Alachua County10
5. Service Area, Fire Stations, Gainesville 1L03
Urban Area, 1990
61- Police Service Districts, Alachua County 112
7. bikeways, City of Gainesville 125
8. 'Proposed Bikeways, Gainesville Urban Area 131
9Propolsed Bchool Locations, Gainesville 139:
'Ur hap Area
10ProSeOtMajor Open Space Systems and16
Rigional Parks, Alachua County
11. S-er* A*e Arealt, District Parks, Alachua15
SUMMRY OF RECOMNDATIONS
1. Anew central facility be constructed having 65,000 square feet of floor space, and the capability to expand by an
additional 30,0000 square feet as the need arises.2. Four branch libraries be established in the Gainesville
Urban Area, similar-to the proposed Northeast Community
Center Library. Each branch should have approximately
.2,400-3,500 square feet of floor space and hold between 'ei ht and ten thousand volumes.-The location should be
determined by circulation trends of the bookmobiles, although a southeast branch is foreseen, .and a branch on
vasta-ide,.possibly at or near Millhopper or Westgate
Shopping Cvnters'is also foreseen. The fourth location
should be, decided by circulation trends.
3,A new large bookmobile be purchased -to replace the current, qlter van and a multi-purpose van be purchased to. service
the 'branch libraries and book drops. Two large bookmobiles
-shuO4 be maintained and operated, by -the system at -all times
a orer provide the desired level of service. The
4,T~ to have two large booknobit es and a multi-purpose
44 A bile service F hauld be, expadp4 toa soystps.
Psphr of volumes held within the system should increase
I)y 4< ,0r35,004O by 1910. in conjunction with the building
046-new coatralI facility, it is recommended that 202,000
volumes be added to raise the total volumes held to
300,000, or 2.5 books per capita. 'An additional
163,000 volumes will be needed in the? system by 1990
to meet the established ALA and FLA standards.
6. Branch libraries in the county should be estabitabadk JJT.
++>@ 9+ 11 +
where there is evidence of sufficient citizen support
to warrant a permanent facility.
1. The alternative proposals of the 1974 Water and Sevwer
Development Plan should be cohaidered and acted upon
.by the respective communities, to insure that a water
supply :sufficient to meet the needs for domestic spply
and fire protection services is available by 1990.
2. Where- exact knowledge of the size and location of water
mins: is lacking, efforts should be made to obtain this information, so that an evaluation of theater distribution system, particularly as pertinent to fire pro,tection, can be made.
3.All new water lines should be a minitman of six' inches in
diameter, to meet the minimum standards for lines serving
f ire, hydrants.
4. Hydrants should be located so as-to have a service area
no greater than 160,000 square *feet, or aO railmately
400 feet apart. Shorter spacing is called for in high
5. Trailer parks Should have fire fighting equipment
in residence, prominantly located and marked.
6. The county fire-districting plan should be continued
-and Supported, As a means of providing fire protection
services to the smaller communities and the non-urbanined areas surrounding them.
7, Within the Gainesville Urban Area, seven fire stations
be constructed, to house seven fire engine companies
ad two lander companies.
8.All fire protection services within the .Gainesville
Urban Area should be under one management, eitherthrough contractual agreement, or separated existence.
9. The police. service district concepts of the Alachua County Sheriff's Office should be supported. as a Mans of providing police services to the. smaller
communities in'the rural areas of the county.
10, There be one emergency communications headquaarters for
411al public safety offices in Alachua County.
11._ marghacy alarm boxes be extended to cover the entire:
mGisergWe Urban Area, spaced every 500 feet in high
Al@parastle macaturing and'warehouse districtss'
La egesy ter'box should' be ipstalled- at all public
13. Emer .gency alarm boxes shodid b inialled at sub t
intersections, and near access ramps to the interstate highways.
14.- Alarm boxes should be considered by thia'smaller
communities for location in high value districts,
industrial areas, 'and downtown areas.
15. All commercial and industrial developments outside of
the Gainesville Urban Area should be encouraged to install private sprinkler and alarm systems.
16. .All public telephones should conspieitously display
a sign explaining the location of that booth, identifying the nearest intersection.
17. Volunteer fire departments receive emergency resume
training--as :a prelude to receiving emergency rescue
18. Emergency rescue vehicles be placed with all volunteer
fire departments in the county.
1 4 Bikewaydshoumd be construdthd thfokghdut theGhinesville Urban Area along major thbroughfares 'and connector streets,
especially along routes leading to the area schools,
2. 'Where possible','these bikehy 'shl py : Iy Oeparate
motorized and non-motorised traf fic; w~e70 isT lact
possible, bikelanes should be lined anA promkinwatly
marked with .signs identifying the nature xrA, pb4ip E14
those lanes. Raised reflectors should delineate hike:lanes from motorized traffic lanes,
3. The smaller IoAmmni ties should create and convene
bikeway advisory boards to investigate and determine
the need for lclbikeways.
4. A s ilar bikeway advisory board :should-be established
by the codinty to consider bikeways within the Gainesville Urban Area and potential scenic routes within the county.
The Intent is to have one Bikeway Advisory Board to'
serve the entire Gainesville Urban Area, City and
5. An active public awareness 'campaign should coincid .e with
construction of bikeways, to insure that motorists and
bicyclists know of the existence of, and purpose for,
bikeways and bikelanes.
6. Stringent enforcement-of traffic laws with regard to
onl402 acres of regichal parkland will be
Vw ~ *-o net current recreation, standards
1. Based upon the projected student enrolkgapt
.... of....new schools .or their equivalents wilkA be omededs
1980 1985 99'q0 NEU
Elementary 3+ 2+ 2+ 8+
Middle 1 + 1 2+
Senior + 1 + I+
(Note.: The, "+" sign present in every category signities
that expansion of some facilities will be necq!aaspy to
accommodate the expected student population in addition
to the. new. facilities indicated).
2. Specific site location criteria should be developed
to aid in selecting future school sites. Listed below are several suggestions of items abiph samo4A to
1. Lanid Use Plans .-Consp4tpto of -theCppheiv
Land Use should be a arrequisitp to so psIt selections. S' ol "56 4mlmtg~aa rgn
desirable enivi.rouat Wpg~gpy ynise,
hazardous and congested areas. Whna sabool site
is selected, the area shouldb1rbatA$q
commercial epqroachmat, mgat* o# 4wpggea tes
residential. Zoning 14b d 1@ur be a~sh to control
2. Transportation Planning Streets carrying heavy
or fast moving traffic affec-t the location of new schools as well as the expansion of existing ones.
Any long range building program must take into
consideration. proposed routes of Streets and highways.
Elementary schools should be located on residential
-collector streets that provide access throughout
the residential area., Secondary schools should be located on arterial streets that serve much larger
3. -Fire Protection -Consideration must be given to
school location in relation to fire stations, distance
frtm station to 'school and the -time:,required for equipment to get there. Consideration should be given to the following: 1) installing sprinkler
systems, 2) consulting ..the fire department on
school building and site accessibility to fire equipment, 3) placement :of stand-pipes and their
size and flow requirements, and 4) placement of
emergency alarm boxes on school grounds.
A Parks and Playgrounds -The planning of joint
school-park deVelopment would provide an adequate
playground community gathering place, and serve
as a-buffer zone between the school and the surrounding homnes.- Combining school with, parks would eliminate the duplication of facilities, and assure the puAblic that they were obtaining the m~gost for their
5.* A~xportp Proximi-ty to airports, shot be avied
when selecting school, sites. Special- attention must
be paid to the location of facilities so that they are
not in the immediate approach-departure paths of planes,.
1"e potential hazard.% are: 1) the noise level around the airport, and 2) the possibility of a crash which
is most critical during take-off and landing.-i. tt es -,These are of prime importance in selecting 4%)p gobool site. A check on these facilities should
be OwheL prior to purchase, to determine the avail_ 4 ty'o & &wage and storm drainage' facilities as
ol;,a wteri gas, wand eletr ical c6nnectionKi. A
i1 I* considered AInad4equatte if, it is served by
-to14@ _,i pitches -aad sepici, tanks'. The site'Is
"iity ,to exq ati ties ,is% an impor tant
hesimp an'd type of sericneeded, size of
k,4 sktted adetiont and gas lines
the sohool "aft* -shovM inv*Ive adetailed study of th4 typo of 4 6tu--Ohd their
characteristics. 'The stt4s n *10hould be
selected on the basis of the foll6winq information
1) ig the site well draioedr 2 is, it;,#ubj*Ot to
-veri6dic flooding, &ndWtis*th*teoLIwAtabIe
for.,buildings and pLaygrouAds.
Footings and'foundations for buildit"at-must rest
on soils that are capable of supporting such
facilities; the ability of the soil to'supSort
a dead weight without settling is zost
...in designing and constructing foundations.
Determination of tho topography of tbo proposed site, should be made,, as well as its proximity to flood or its presence within a floodplain area.
Proposed sites should receive extensive review
for-environmental suitability,, prior to purchase.
8. Appearance A prime consideration in the selection
of a site is the area's natural beaLuty. TIw site's
aesthetic qualities can be prevervod *ad enhanced
by careful planning, Tha builditqs sboul4 be planned
blevidwith the natural amenities ofthe site.
Creative site planning avoids larqt expenditures
for leveling* qradincj, fillinq, amd clearing. The
'aite will obviously contribute to indreasing the
property value of the residentialt.,cow"nity it serves. Thus the site becomes a vitall part of
the teaching-learning process, providibg aproper
atmosphere for study and pl".
WATER AND SEWER
I. It is recausanded that the city.of LaCrosse retain a
suitable Consulting engineer to compile a preliminary engineering report for a public% water supply for that
2, It is'recommended that those communities lacking backup or auiciliary wells, including an auxiliary power system, consider the installation of such facilities
to insure a continued and adequate water supply under
S. -Raudhamnicipality should undertake, if::not currently
-uadkm way, a program designed to maintain continued
System improvements, whereby old or deteriorating
**ter, lines, additional fire hydrants, -and water
supply equipment is replaced or kept in good repair.
A., %%ose comunities -contemplating providing softened
after f6r thO4ir citizens should investigate -the
dadiSof receiving softened water froma the regional
P~an wa Ganeeill pror to construction of their
P? aU-thadedemoi~ities, where theke are no adequate water
gav4v~p j 4AeVevry-efftrt abould be made to collect
4thdhd if bahwid 66rba kh,6wledgeable persons to record
MWg 00g44 ^ aggsif -1pt w ter "'lines, ec., or as located
r stokk 00t U~hAnad eq@ So or fitre'TO Veerence can be
1 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~i @gd $855 tserI a r pertinent
"040WMAY stem intrnation.
6. The cities of Waldo and Ha-ithorne need to Awe tho*s preliminary engineering report updated and consideration given to financing new systems. At this t ime,.
and within the 1990 planning period, it appears more
economical for individual treatamt,, eeilties to be
located in these communities than to pump to a regional
7. Micanopy and LaCrosse need to have preliminary engineering reports prepared.
8. For the connunities of Archer, Newberry, High Springs, and Alachua, it appears somewhat marginal in annual
costs between the alternative of individual treatment versus pumping-to the Kanapaha RegIonalPlant. Considratontoward pumping to the regional plant should
be given prior to the construction of individual plants.
9. The smaller, rural unincorporated cannunities should
giv e consideration to a preliminary engineering report to deterMine the feasibility of provisionatedL sanitary facilities and walter facilities. The cmmuity of Melrop~e should give this. seriotqa oonsidopratioa due to population density and proximity to SaptA Fe bake.
10.. Since Newberry.. an AlcusaecptructIon drawings qd Alachu havelcon
under way f or their systems, another..qoas44exation which
might be given would be the imatedlatipn o( ipterim packaged-plants that -are pert abje,,, lbgny posal pat could then be easily move( La4, [F uMCM other
expanding areas, of need 4j' thp 95* aing pgra divert
flow to the Gainesville 901 Peg t
11.1 Prior to construction, future wastewater treatment
facilities should be reviewed by the Regional Planning
Council and the Regional Utilities Board.
1,Upgrading all acocident safety programs to reduce losses
due to lost work time and subsequent efficiency and
2, Placement of the equipment on a frequency based on
useful life expectancies and a regular scheduled
maintenance program for each vehicle.
3.Purchase of seni-portable-scale~s to more equitably
charge, fox solid waste disposal and possible impleAkentation of mandatory collection in the county to reduce delinquency rates from non-payment of bills.
Overall system recommendations which call for the
adopptios of 4 regional solid waste agency and a
continuing planning effort to identify and investigate
,soIt waste processing, colleption, and-disposal alteraotivers for their suitability -in Alachua County.
oatl system tecommeodations which include a. reh Jo Aghyp that, -the manuf acturer'Is engineers meet
IQ, ', 4 at, engineers from the Regional, Utilities: Getpmie whether the quality'and the rate
6. Collection :system reconoendatne whe asdt*e acall for the adoption of the turbeide lattld tot collection and, the realization of a pIx-day per
week collection system contingent on the continued
COMUNITY FACILITIES PLAN
Any study purporting to determine the level of need of various community facilities must consider the anticipated increase in population in the area, as well as the anticipzated spatial distribution. patterns of population growth. There are various methods of projecting population growth in terms of numbers, however,, there are considerably fewer Methods.of predicting the patterns of growth. for more than $4p,sa.,few-years into the f uture., The reader., should. therefore be 'cautioned that the projections of the patterns' o1! growth in Alachua County are based on past and current treae at development and should not tie expected to. rema i n W Dlystatir, for the duration of the study period, which styta s t.190.Although developmet tred mycange. foway Aumb;:er of reasons, 'an Attempt must be made. to. anktiL-Ipate grpath patterns in order to tentativp1y- suggest the
1 el of need for, and location of, community facilities.
10st, item to consider is population growth, that
A",-a -Of people who will be living in Alachua County
be#, toeenstitute. a demand for vari-ous fci
6 ear, t4 trends in-,Alachua County indicate
fl-#*XPapplt*-I A ra 41-444 between 1,960 and .1,970,,:
pags agpgingthat the County grew another
94pJo f1973. Thifi-rataoi oplto
4990ma0 a1 nammapted4,to, contin thouqhont this decade and
Alachua County should therefore be prepared to meetthe
demand for community facilities and datisthat an additional 6:6,000 people will require.
The next point to be considered is where wkA~h?
county future residents will locate. Where will they live, and in what numbers? Answers to these questions will constitute a first level indication of the spaial diattribution of the population.
A review of past and current trends shbw that the
Gainesville Urban Area represents the largest concentratf6a' of people within the county, accounting for approximately 79% of the county's population in 1973. A's the'1972 Pbo wlation and Economic Study (NCFRPC, 1972) indicated, the' Gainesville Urban Area accounted for greater than 484*df the county's population increase in *1960, and in 6ikcess of 95% in 1970'. This trend is expected to continue.' The readh* should b e cautioned that this does not imply that the sellet communities will not experience population growth. Indeed growth i n these areas has continued at a fairly steady rate and can be expected to continue thusly into the future.A second lev el of investigation is needed to predict in general terms where within these specific comakhikies growth will occur. Although such predictibus ar~d 'OokauM A tenuous, being' based -almost entirely upon pa-d 4.vtom trends and building, permit data, theyr will indichtd'*.idj general terms, where the population 'will 'be cownck~Atdi and will, the refore, be helpfulI in databnfining the Ad 8& f or, and location of, various community At litldt
For the smaller communities, this will not have as much bearing as it will f or the GainesvillewUrban Area. Unless the smaller communities annex large parcels of land or experience unforeseen population increases between the present and 1990, projections indicate that these cities will experience steady population growth but not so much growth as to drastically alter the existing political boundaries. Por. the purposes of planning copmunity facilities, therefore, it will be assumed that the geography of the smaller cities will remain essentially the same as now.
The same does not hold :true for the Gainesville.Urban Are,%* While the Gainesville ..Urban Area accounted for appropfuftely 79% of the county'.s population in.1970, the::area is expected to grow to over:150.,000 and-represent nearly 84% of the cou-nty's total population by 1990. This figure represents a 66% increase in population for the Gainesville Urban Area and it is obvious that the present boundaries of growth must expand to accommodate these people. Figure 1 represents'the growth of the Gainesville Urban Area as forectvsted by, the population projections and development trends,.,. the figure represents the area contained within the HUD line,
Ahph -t i fined as' the line to which growth is expected to "I,110#The dashed line in
,One areA represents the general extent of
P 0,zay 1974., Thip darker areas, indicate, the
A p Rip ted to ,be urbanized by 1990. As noted
ve4pmopt irs expected to extend beyond the
tonding Along b.8. 441 North', Newberry 'Road to the
.. .. ......
Th a~areetd bverv~l-eerlimdtnt0fi
withregad t Comuniy families lantng.Firt t e
laio n acu Cuny i epctd oinres bf~neo,1| maed66,00pepl y 99. eonly o heek6,0'P~ !' aproimtly6200,or94,wil oct i te anev!l ura re.Echnwara.wic sdeeoedwl cet
demnd orhe seof erainfailiie an sr~ie..rtth
reien opltin Eitigfciiie il'ecmt6ii
It is the goal of the Alachua County government to help'build a well balanced, high quality, economiceily sound community which has a high level of governmental services;,and which Provides 'a broad choice-of housing, employment and recreation opportunities and a safe and healthy environment for present and future residents.
Sdetion 6 Goals for. Community Fac-ilities, A. Adequate and efficient facilities and services B. Fair distribution of costs and benefits
Policies. of Communi t aiities
i. 'The water, se wer, and basic utility' systems should
be designed to provide'the maximum flexibility.
within the system and to the user.
2.' Water and sewer systems should be carefully followed
in preparing land use plans. Planned densities must
be created in "order to plan intelligently for the
eKpansion of water and sewer lines and 'systems.,
3. Utility services should be standard to ..everyone in
the area where it is economically feasible to do so.
4.' The development of major Utility systems should be
coordinated with an overall plan for long-range area
tA@ enf~reetant service should be maintained to ae
quately meet the needs of future growth.
fet Jire staggeiqs should be purchased on a
-red basis in advance of the immediate needs
7 ira staltiOn should& be located central to 'their
,@F areas With cohied--t acc6ss to6 major streets.
fi re service should be maintained to adequately
ze ,the' otedg of future, growth.
9. Land for libraries should be planned in advanoe of
the need for land.
10. Branch libraries should be located near the center*,
of areas served'.
11. Library service should be maintained.to adequately
meet the needs of future growth.
12. Land for school purposes should be coordinated and
planned in conjunction with the Alachua County
13. Elementary schools should be located as near as
possible to the center of areas served but away
from heavily traveled streets.
14. Junior high schools should be locatpd near the
center of areas served~adjacent to collector streets.
Extensive open space should be maintained on the
school site adjacent to collector streets in order to minimize any adverse effects of continuing flows
of heavy traffic.
15. Senior high schools should be located in the center
of areas served on major thoroughfare*,. Axteggive
open space should be maintained adjacent to these
major thoroughfares in order to minimize traffic
16. The joint use of school facilities for e4daation
and other community purposes,. such as recepeation,
should be encouraged.
While this statement of goals and policies i In*-,44ii on any of the, communities with the county, it',is a$$% ,med 'ta the statement does, in general terms, protect Abyl trests of each community with regard to planning a># develogpet. WhisL,* statement shall be referred to in-1ter seations,o ti eot
The Overall Program Design for 1973-74, which defines
the work program of the Council, states specifically the scope of this study:
The purpose of this study is to. analyze existing
facilities and project future needs so as to provide the necessary guidance for a systematic approach to
the provision and management of community facilities.
The- key cmuiyfacilities which must be studied
in detail*1 include public safety facilities--e.g., fire
protection and law enforcement--and libraries. In addition to these, facilities of the.Alachua County
Board of Public Instruction, which-can and do perform an extrd education function (playgrounds, auditoriums,
gyms, etc.F -shal~l be Included in the study.
In-addition to the above-mentione~d facilities, the
following, which are currently the sbetosart
studies will be considered:
1) recreation and open space facilities;
2) water and sewer facilities; and 3) solid vapte disposal facilities.
These data will be evaluated against applicable
standards and projected population sizean spatial
and socioeconomic distribution.
CO~sequent to this, a Community Facilities Plan
will be developed whic4 will provide a basis for a
Systematic approach to the provision and maintenance
of coaity facilities.
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1. Gainesville Urb
4u*Uaity Paptilities Plan Will
ity library needs through 1990.
itself to defining need in terms
stzop *Ettcollect, and servxces
J Jokni6bije, and will determine this
ation projections and national
.for library operation.
r, procved-i a U e following manner:
1,04 describe ex'Sting facilities and
th* stoodards for libr,"Y service as set
ary j( ciation-axul
gm, %t t,'
;Ahite a d', e" 06 4i-Ch Y. 2
ic At :-t x
"VelLop"Ont trends; and
SK ISTING FACILITIES
Libraries in Alachua County can generally be grouped into three categories:
1. Santa Fe Regional Library System 2. University and College Libraries
3. Public and Private School Libraries
A brief discussion of each category and the relative impact on library needs and services is in order.
The Santa Fe Regional Library was established in .1959
to-provide library services to Alachua and Bradford Counties. dbIe name of the Regional Library System indicates that the Uanta Pe River is a common boundary of both of these counties. dnian County elected to join the regional-system in 1962. $0 89=66Snd that time both Union anti Bradford Counties boe a withdrawn f ro the system.
A parter64 at tht Gainesville Public Library, this
p 49 &Ala beCounty and includes three branch liAsio in gasthorne, High Springs,. and Micanopy. Book6 P% t 16 Also provided in the Gainesville' Urban
Ara 4$Pti te 011or municipalities in the county-by two
'Opkw~s160 4 egional'Library is administered through
MJLA 91114 and is fwAed by both the City and
phAC n+n. Loc alI governments having
branch libraries contribute physical facilities (buildinae) and maintenance.
The Gainesville Public Library serving'as'thp central facility of the regional system as well as the main library for the Ci ty of Gainesville is currently located at 222 East University Avenue, adjacent to City Hall. The present two story structure is five years old and has 17,500 feet of working space, including a 2,500 square foot messanine floor which houses the administrative offices and two working floors of 7,500 square feet each. Within this area are housed:
1) 77,,831 volumes
2) 2,360 records
3) 10.8 16 m.m. films
4) 116 children filmstrips
5) 265 framed art reproductions
A variety of audio visual aids are availableAaoig.
the micro-film reader printer, a coin operated caopity, 9 prr*, jectors and record players (with headphones), Non-book materials
include magazines and periodicals, newspapers, a Gaine!Nv19 StmR index, journals, and minutes of local government ep o
Bookmobile service is also offered out of this 1 rY with two bookmobiles roving the Gainesville,V r ng e a the smaller municipalities in the county. 7) prT two bookmobiles (3,500 volumes) se:ves the qoy the Gainesville Urban Area. The ather hokwosh j4 Ford van, primarily serves the inner city area twthbi
levels of service in lower income areas where mobility of the residents is generally restricted. Both bookmobiles are to be replaced by new larger vehicles in September, 1974 which will increase the volume capacity and extent of these services.
Bookmobile c irculation is quite-substantial as evidenced by Table 3,.and indicates that this service is a vital aspect of the total library services picture. Of the various; bookmobile stops the West Gate Shopping ...... Center in Ga-inesville, is the major book outlet circulating *overt 7,0 0 volumes in 1972.
The 'library hosts a number of programs such as book
talks-, school class visits, meetings, ,and panel discussions, as well as children and senior citizens programs. The children's programs include ,a pre-school story hour, and schoolmage story hour, and a summer reading program. Adult programs include "Great Bo~ks" :and discussion groups. Requests for special books are taken, and inter-library loans are arranged. Circulation at the Gainesville:Public Library kWo Very active, as noted in Table 3, and the volume of cirCal1ation is-steadily growing larger. Peak periods of cireq~a~oeare 4oted during the, summer 'months, a function,
Um thp o rae s ysho-age children and also the
ANNUAL BOOK CIRCULATION EXGURES SANTA FE REGIONAL LIBRARY SYSTEM
1971 1972 1973 74
Gainesville 311,707 332v827 350,867 186,066
Hawthorne 5,891 22,985 22r936 11,641
High Springs 19,109 16,379 17,103 9,122.
Micanopy 4,821 5,236 4,367 3,216
Bookmobile I .41,0797 33p264 34,442 150,094
Bookmobile II 7,f420. 7,307 7,599 5,644
TOTAL 39:0,74.5 4174998 437,314 230,7831
*Through June 30, 1974
Hawthorne has a 3,000:square foot single story building located next-door to:City Hall on Johnson Street. As of November, 1973 (the latest date for which figures were available) the library had 10,600 volumes in stock. The library operates approximately 20 hours per week with a staff of two part-time library assistants and one part-time library page. Hawthorne Library will increase its hours of service to 25 per week beginning in October.0 1974. This library is a branch ad-the Santa Fe 'Regional Library System and is manned and stooked through the central headquarters in Gainesville.
Pth res and services are also planned through the regional systt*. This library enjoys active circulation,
RihSprings- is currently using a former residence of between 500 and 600 square feet as the library.w The- book. stock as of November 30, 1973, numbered 2,719 volumes. Circul4A;pn.-is active as noted in Table 3, and the library is opgg pa a, 20 hou per week schedule. one part-time libEa al AStant sttgfs the library. The High Springs
-0 Librgry and various civic groups have underatpg~q*campaicgn, to, acquire new libra-ry space
ingju a 4gar facility or by purchasing an 6 Egaga raised by the caumunity will by rteaor fpdatal funds to templete
The Micanopy l-ibrary :recently moved from a loebtion of very limited space (with no restroas) to the first floof' of the Town Hall# formerly the::school building. The new location provides approximately 840 square feet which will allow substantial expansion of the current 2,658 volumes book stock. The library has limited activity and is open approximately ten hours per week. These hours of service at' Micanopy will increase 20 per week in October, 1974.
As evidenced in Table 31 the regional system has experienced a steady rise invcirculation during the last three and a half years. As mentioned earlier, the peak period for circulation is in the summer months, ,June through August, accounting for as much as 24% increase in circulation. This may be attributable to the siumer reading program asell as to students who are no longer in school and therefore, do~not have access to the school library. It is interesting to note that the sumermonths do not show a significant increase in the number of borrower cards issued.
The regional system, as of June 30, 1974, had 9,t,80 volumes in the collection, representing approximately t.77t books per resident in Alachua County. This compares with,
68,,510 volumes and a .69 per capita fig-ure as of May 1, 10-9. With an active circulation approaching 460,000 volumes per year, per capita circulationtapproximates 3.72 volumes per
year for 19474. Per capita circulation f iqnres -for 19*h
The University 'of F~lorida and Santa Fe Community
.College each have libraries to serve the respective student
The U1niver $ity of Florida library maybe considered a system Within ,itself with libraries East and West adjacent toa~ m other serving as the main library facility and ten M-#oaries serving specific colleges such as Law, Medicine, Aidhitecture and others. Total volumes within this system
*afe idi e6keess of 11.6 million, including the large branches 108 the Realth Center., Law ,School, and Agricultural School. Makvetsity students use their student I.D. and fee cards
l* ibrary -cards, 'while staff -member (proximately 6,500)
0thbag( ue the facilities. The-University library has
issued 67-0 courtesy cards to residents not otherwise associ-,
AMW1 te' Cmunirity .o
A aniy Colegelibrary has approximately3,0
'i 6 eriodicals, with the main library located. at tue seorthwest d6ampu s near I-75. This library, and the is*o "M rot tvely :4mat1 branch libraries, located' at the
lb (hwaga~aservo the seteints.,enrolled- at the- college eAft hahrfutormy 1,974) Any student, enrolled may
student is enrolled for a credit or a noijj7Ft t,4pour4* as long as the student's fee card is validateA.' 6pec_1:ei1__4' borrowing cards have not been isshed, although any county resident is welcome to use the library facil4tyt
Public and Private-Schools
Alachua County has 3:1 :schools operated by the Alacbma County Board of Public Instruction, all of which have a library or media center of some kind. Approximately 20,000 school children attend public schools in Alachua County. As noted in the November, 1971 Survey of School Plants, Alachua County Schools (Florida Department of Education,),,, aot all public schools have libraries considered adequate for the student population. Recommendations were made within that document for new construction to remedy this situation and other situations.
Libraries are open during school hours for use by
students and staff, They close at the end of the skchW,1 OAq and are notopenon weekends. Public school libraries are open during the summer only at those schools that are participating in the summer school program.
There are several private schools InAlac4ua CQUIW yj however, these libraries are not open to.the
they do provide library services for their studonts..
StkADARDS POR PUBLICLBAY EVC
The AMerican Library Association has established and published sthndards of service for Various types of li,braries, including public libraries, university and junior college Libraries, small public libraries, as well as bookmobi1e serviCe., -to mention a f ew. Many of these -standards regtard organizational structure and government of the library, the selectioA4 and organizatioA of material, and the descriptid of services preferred' rendered. by libraries. This repqrt Wil faced attention on the standards for physical faailitie's, size of book collection and the level of services
fu donation with the ALA standards, the Florida 5, sy Associatio and the Plorida Librar Study Comiso bp a #kablished standards for library service and operations
theb'State of Ploa ida. Specifically, these three
1iwI be reviewed:
"-drsta r tutrlic 1,rrySribrryAsoi
apate~~d e s ire optionn ine9es
sentsata of one or moare Countis's and includes a.
librrt ranh _,lbraries and bookmobile service.
seresasth mincomuit lbrry te-coli o a einlsstmsol e ihnjn hd'i r14'cfih reietwsigtuei.Tehaqareslbaysol beoe onigatroo, n veighus-frpreq
si aswihSna husad h or o prtino m brnc ibare sbjc t lcl oniios
Th egoa sse sol hl aclecinofbo
an o-bo aerasofsfiietszet~et l u th mstspciliednedso te egon A te am i;W the taf ofthe eaduarerslibrry houd belare egug
and nclde noug prfesiona lirarans o slec aI
orgaize he aterals. anlyzeandupdae th reourcslo
th ytm adpoieadiitaie n rfsioa edr
shpt lllbayunt ihi h yte.Ihretwti
th evcepormsadpliiso tergonlssemsol
The smallest branch library should-serve a trade area population of at least 5,000 and be within 15 minutes
driving time f the citizens using it. It should contain at least 15,000 up-to-date books on subjects of
current interests, and be open to the public 25 hours
o r more each week.
"he bookmobile is an auxiliary service of the regional
system and functions to serve residents who do not have access to a public library. A professional librarian 'should be in charge of the bookmobile, and all materials and services of the libraries within the regional system should be available to users of the bookmobile. The bookmobile circuit should, if possible -allow regularly scheduled weekly stops..,Although not specifically noted in the standards, a bookotobile-may serve several very important functions other than pro iding services to residents who d .o not live within a Wioagdoable distance of a library. For i nstance, a bookmobile s"sotv@ to introduce" library service to previously unserved "a,. Purthermore, by accurate record keeping and analysis
of dhadtwbile circulation trends, a number of desirable lo'4 M ggo future branch libraries may be determined. Book-.
5 adyalso provide library service to smallc comnities
**W40 40t%' V kaveibrar~y facilities or to areas that cannot M Mtoa peraintent library facility. Equally important, how-.
tebookmobile may provide library service to that portion
E SiiphLs Immobile, as wel as those portions
p aS e which live in fringe areas of the city, cunty,
The American Library Association empb"ix"' the ';i"# f OX
the library building to be expandable to acccommodate populOn
in the communityas well as increased demand fqruse of library:facilities. With heavier emphasis being placed to&qon foruol and continuing education# greater demAnd for Ubra;y facilities and services will necessitate planning libroxy buildingswith the capability of expansion. Thereforei
The building site and the orientation.of the
building on the site should permit future verticle and/or horizontal enlargement of
A city's main library or the headquarters library of a
regional library system functions as the focal po:Lntqf Awv1pe and: administration. In order to function properly And ciently ap the reading and resource center of the loc^lity,' X4 of the system itself., and to provide the ext"emt, an4 leval',*,f
sf-trvices demanded and needed,, the libraryshould have al;ffic spaceto perform the objectives of library service And, t1r va
ous on-going library programs Below are some, bX U bt,$ 04 004
principles and standards as recommendedby theALN-,
The beadquarters building of a library sysl;4 %
... .. located and designed to provide aaximi4i a64,esirijity
and space for the full range of lih sorvic e
by the areaserved.
The site for a public library building shlould be where
the largest percentage of a1J_ the people tobe sm ry
will have access to the library frewentlY ia t 46roal.
pursuit of their activities. The s1te 9hon1A4b4O*
pedestrian traffic, be convenient to
abd have conveniently available automobile P-arjkiruy OkAd
public., commercial, or libratly parking )_Oto'o' ,Illy if
Storage space and equipment for physical handling of
audio visu 'al and other non-book materials.,should presarts such materials from damage and deterioration,
yet make them readily available to users.
Since the-public library is the only library facility
ely available to most adults the major space in a
public library building should be allocated to materials,
setting and services to adults.'
Space should be considered for transitional services
to meet the needs of young adults.
Physical provisions-should be made for a staff desk
tod provide advisory services to users -in person,
Enfqrmation ad reference services to users by telephone and in person, and guidance in the use of libtary resourcese.
Multi-purpose rooms should be provided for meeting.,
Vi~~ngand listening by groups or individuals with
ariliarY space, for chairs,, folding tables, storage
des~ks, audio-visual and exhibit equipment and a
tie Space must be provided in the library system for the
entivitiedg of a library extension service progr-am
paglagn py include the following: Offices, work space,
and, storage, receiving and shipping facilities,... ...
storagezam Eloading of bookmobiles.
The a ministrative area must be planned to allow for
k -4ees for all purposes to accommodate the ratP and, personnel directors, service coor0. tt$,,businets and clerical personnel and a supply
0 ve are merely highlights of the prin4",&rAp recommended by the ALA; a complete ts available_ by referring to nig b c brx T .(Auerican Library
Interpreting the standards an EtraciaftratW# the*4 t a specific guidelines with',respect t6 square footage a04rd can result in divergent opinions. The ALA-quid&1'ind"f~f" libraries serving population~not in excess of 50,000O pop are provided in Table 4. The total floor sjace, Inch shelving space, reader space, work spacef,and-storageo, vw ee from a high of .7 square feet per capita to .6 square feet per capita, at which point the table abrupt ly ends. By comparison, Wheeler and Goldhor (jPracjaL:al JAministraio of Public Libraries,. 1962) establish guidelines for public libraries according to the size of population served,''ranging from less than 10,000 to greater than 500,000 people. The total square footage varies from a recommended high of .7 to .8 square feet per capita for po pulations under 10,0,GQ, to a low of .3 square feet per capita for populations in excess of 500,000 (Table 5.). By yet another standards thqt established by the Florida Library Study Commission, June 16, 1971, all libraries should provide .6 square feet floor space per capita served. Evidently, this latter standard applies to all libraries and library systems regardless of population size, .
Within the facility itself, the-re are more a6pa&
regarding shelving space, reader spaces and the -pumbef di -seats to be provided. There is less variance among the three previously mentioned sources in this respect than was true of physical facility standards. Both the ALA and FLA reommad 30 square feet per seated reader. The'number' df seats required depends upon the population served and the- tabe one refiers The ALA -hAs I a sliding scale of seats to population ,iceai from roughly' 5.4 seats per 1,000 pplto" than 2,500 people, to 4.6 seats per 1, 000a pbiia oin between 2,500 and 10,000 people,A 3.0 seate..per '1.000 Pp e tion for areas approaching 50,00 pe" ople. Whees 'Add@@$
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have somewhat more deadigsandards, cafling for10 seats per 1,000G for areas of10,00 population or less. 3 steals per 1,000 for areas approxmatin 100,000 population, and 1 4eat per 1,000 for areas of500,0 or greater populat#4cs. The FLA -standards call frthre seats per 1,,000 population served, apparently with no -liing s;le.
The ALA and FLA age tht shelving space should equal
one linear foot for ery egt volumes held in stock. Wheeler and Golhor do not preet suggestions in this matter. In>terpreting the ALA an FLA sandards necessitates knowing hw many volumes are in tcolletion, and/or referring to another set of standards to deremi how-many volumes should be held in the collection.
All three source cite hve sliding scales to determine the size of the book colcion with the independent~vartable-being the popu lation'served Tabe 4 and 5 illustrate theegAdeltamps of the ALA, and Wheeeran Gldhor, respectively.' Vp L'p 6 contains the FLA Stand-rd.'
FLORID LIBRR STUDY COMMISSION* JUN 16, 1,974
Less than 25,000 4/capite or -5*;# volumee,
whiche er is a 4tai
2:5,0 00 -50 000 3,5/Capita
501000 10:0,000^ 3/Capita. 1
100*0 non6- nn00n 2 R/canism *
Only the Wheeler anOoldhor study has any recommendations for less than two b .ooks per capita, and,then only for the very large population centers,.those in excess of 200,000 people. The FLA standards call for a minimum of two books 'per capita, even at the(- over'500,000 population level, with greater per capita holdings-for Smaller populationps The'ALA recommends two or four books per capita for sykLtems szerVing 150,1000 t~o: 1,.0 00,0 00 people, and at least two volumes per capita in areas serving in eOxcess of 1,000,000 People.
The following excerpts from.Standards of quality for Bookmob~ile Service (American Library Association, 1963)
-provide a ynhopsis of' the guidelines with''which to measure. bookmobile service.
The objective of bookmobile service is to bringq library
,hpk ad other educational materials, inforainsr
vices,7aft@ professional reading guidance to those resi tsof an area who do not live within a reasonable,
distance 04, a fixed agency of a public library system.
'40p J p bile Service should operate, as an -idItoeal p.'art of
66 librarY system.
4 g4g0 -!R ou ld provide a sufficient ofppxcropiste duration to extend the
sul4 metiatain regular schedules of
No bookmobile stop should be maintaiaed f*,am ar**t where it would duplicate servir,,,a given by,,Apo t"r library agency.
TheJength of each stop may be judged by.the number of people to be served and 6hould lye of sufficient'' duration to offer Professional advisory service *
No stop shoul4be less than 30 rainutes. lnoriler to assure time for adequate advisory ee"Ioe,, the average number of books circulated per hour should not expeod 100 oh a bookmobile carrying 2,5DO volumes with a staff of two.
Service should be offered at a time convenieft to the majority of the people In a given area. It is highly desirable to provide service during evening hours. Service on Saturdays is very popular In many c6n-munities and sh6iild scheduled whenever possible.
Books and other library materials for bookmobiles use should be selected, retained and discarded in light of the conscious objectives of the service as a part
of a4ibrary system.
The minimum book collection available for bookmobile use should range from 10,000 to 15,000 voli a per bookmobile.
Ail circulating materials in the library vyote'"'-s be available thiough the bookmobile.
Each bookmobile shall carry a mininmm of 2,,500 voli a to pravide.a selection.
The staff of the bookmobile department ShOUJILd be of
suf f icient number and with, suf f ic Wdtt Profto;iiatdk o 4ra clerical, training to perform t2se, 4041'eW assemblinq, organizing, and other library materials and providing efficient service.
r '3 T z
A bookmobile should have no less than two staff members-a librarian and a driver--clerk--for each scheduled trip and a total departmental staff equalling at least one member for each 25,000 volumes circulated annually.
At least one professi onal-staff member should be available to provide professional services to patrons at all times.
The library should maintain a well-organized program of in-service training for the bookmobile Staff..
There should be a manual detailing the policies and procre oftelbay system and the divisi on of dutie's and responsibilities in the bookmobile department.
the type and size of the bookmobile selected should be igqoverndb the program of service, the geography of the area,*and the density and distribution of the population, bearing in mind that the life expectancy-of a wel l-designed And constructed bookmobile unit is 10-12 years Or more.
-The bookmobile should accommodate no less than 2,500 volumes.
uarters o~f adequate size with sufficient equipment and sp oid1 't ilities for this service should be provided: be AOhouse the boOkmobilet its book stock.,the necessary:
14-b Iqk stoc".area should be planned to house a maximumA
6 ,0 15*,000 volumes per bookmobile.
book th#Karea shoud be adjacent to the bookmobile
qw*11461Misth the same floor level.
The number of staff members should be sufficient to,
perform the duties involved in selec4in9j',,orqjwixi,
and interpreting materials and to prtwt d,*_ CW.w' i*t*;tPA[yV
efficient Service at all hourp *hen tl* Aodt' #
unit and community outlets are open 't6 the ptibilbl."
One staff member (full time or equivalent) *hMld be
the minimum provision for each,2,000 people in
Professional staff members should be available to provide professional services to the public at all
hours when libraries are open.
The staff in each library system should ingludo pertbbe professionally trained in the specialized iervices reA
In each library system there should be at least one professional staff member for each of the following
aspects of-library service- administration, orgs=zation and control of mateLals, selection information, and advisory service for adults, selection information and advisory service for children, extension services,
including services to those persons in need of a special
type of service such as inmates of a correctional institute,, the home-bound, the culturally disadvantaged.'
the blind and handicapped, and those living in a
distance from library agencies.
The reader should be cautioned that these are merely highlights of the ALA standards. The reader abould also, tt be cautioned against accepting these purely quantitative standards without considering the qualitative astpocts,4#,,,
well. a complete look at the ALA xt&'ndarft,, Vhir*"*ajr4
1 4- 1 : I ,ot
too lengthy to reproduce here in their entirety, refer to
the'.'EMinimum Standards for Public Libratry Systeims, (Amerk6*n Library Association,, Chicago, 1967).
'14 Cto n 44T
1, to, t
The PLA indicates.:that a regional library system as
described earlier (see0 Struxcture) and meeting the standards as developed will cost approximately $5.00 per capita. This figure was published in 1967 and it is reasonable to assume that the costs of library operation and the-provision of library services have increased. However,. for lack of a more recent estimate, this figure will be used as a base mark from which to measure.
VFug4iong this $5.00 per capita should not. come solely
fromtthe local community or the region. The FLA guidelines iaG'4gate that:.
State aid should be based on population and should,
provide at least 25% of the total support of the
fPartheraoee; federal f unds should -be sought: .and used for bolt noeeosarily restricted to, provision of services:
.,.beyond the scope of local and regional resources,
qq, research, and demonstration, andote
qi projects designated to raise library
AL,, VAri & libraties on the Santa Pe Regional Library
system, especially the headquarters facility at the Gginesville Public Library, should be assessed. With e
the University Library system, with its 1.6 million volums, have upon the regional system in Alachua County? The University Library System is designed primarily to asist th6 6tedinta and -faculty in their academic pursuits and research. %A 2 as a university y student I.D. is not required to enter the building, it is possible for any county resident to us* th6' library facilities and resources for the purposes of in-b 6d a research. Borrowing privileges, however, are restrie644'to, students, faculty, and staff, although courtesy cards way be obtained through an application procedure. As Mentioned earlier, 670 courtesy cards have been issued to persons not otherwise associated with the University, which would imply that this concept is not very widely used.
What impact, on the other hand, does the University student population have on the Gainesville Public Library'or da t.he branch libraries within the County? What percentage of the University's 25,000 students (projected to be 27,500 in September, 1974) makeuse of the library facilities and,: borrowing privileges at the Gainesville Public Library Am branch libraries within the county?
Definitive information of this nature I$ si@ ly.4yqo al
able. The public library's record keeping'does not sqppoty or Categorize borrowers according to occupation or stageat versus non-student status. One estimate has placed student
patronage of-,the Gainesville Public Library at *30%oskh adult usage. While the only measure of usage is registration, the current figure of 24,744 adult borrovers regi+i
stered is not a true indicator of use e. PRdhereW, thA cdhid be used :as a bae f igure fram whphtocpteb M a
The direction of impact,, therefore, does seem to indicate that more University of Florida students are-likely to use the public library system than are residents of the county likely to take out borrowing privileges from the University of Florida.- Therefore, for the purposes of this study, the 'University of Florida student body population will be
-included in the Alachua County population projections, which will be used to determine the level of library services needed in the county.
Using the FL4 standards of .6 square feet per capita
pqplaionspyed te ata Fe Regional Library system, 89vigg~p Alachua County with a 1973 population estimated at 4 ,,VS, should have 72,000 square feet of library v#i#99. Unfortunately, neither the ALA, nor the FLA, nor any-9ther source~a provides any guidelines regarding heM distribution of this space within the system itself.
BROM 4onyce made recommendations f or the system as a .whole 4-4*4 4Kot consider the distribution patterns within the Syghan,to awh-esystems or branches. Presumably this a
oppto4 q1w ach system to reoct to its own unique
lpo stagggion and problems with regard to allocation of
ap 94 g pa be ssuedhowever, that with regard: to the: Stt re Regional Library sys tem, the buIk of the: space..
(A bdgoQQ1)ctional should be located at the central
954 by.0agavllaPubicLibrary. This library
in light of the facts, it is suggested that the 4gng A Ville Public Library, serving in the Captofty ak cent##ki facility for the entire system, should provide pe a the residents of the Gainesville Urban Area as weil As fi balance of: the'population in Alached County which doesnot have ready access to a public library. Ubing this, concept, the Gainesville Public Library should have'69, ,000" square feet of floor Space.
The balance of the floor space within the system should theoretically be provided by the branch libraries,' whidh in this case refer to Hawthorne, High Springs wa Midanopy.;" However, once again, the PLA, and to some extent, th6 ALA standards area not specific enough to be wholly a plicable to these libraries. By the PLA standards, the smallest branch libraries Should serve 'a trade areas population of 5,000, with'a mfinimum-book. Collection of 15,000 votmaos. None ofl the three cities in question have'a popolat-ion dren approaching:5,000.i If on ses the ALA standards, the, 8344llest population figure specifically considered is 2,499, *Ad
only High Springs has:'a population near that *fi4pbmi Prosently (estimated at 3,000 in 1973). Clearly, soe bi& provisions must be considered to reconcile the standards with existing circumstances.
A :similar situation exists with raipectt tbi th i
the book collection tecomnmended by the, standards "" iS;ta a base: f icure of 2. 5 -xxoks per espitai the Sanita-e PaiM g Library syte -should hold 30,0 Vkde't st6SE o
the headquarters facility should hfouse thlkb*M-h since this serves a large A#rban: arease wellVAs rd& & Pt bookmnobile service to the outlyien ra.Usn hse
mentioned formula, the Gainesville Public Libeg a3shok juA bad
28,0 oue nsok h emidro h okcleto
shudb rvddb h esetv rnhswti h
ithnti otxtelbaysse n h ansil
PulcLbayi atclr s oeydfcetwt epc
toboh pae eqirmetsan te iz o..th bokcoletin
Th etiereioa sstm a oly2,80 qur feto sac,
rersetn .1 qaefe e aiaadmeig3%o th stnad.Tecnrlfcliyi 7,00sur et
fa o ml oaeutl ev 1,0 epei h Gansil ra raadAacu ony o h oua tion arasred hsfaiiyaloae .5surefe e
The book collection is likewise below the standards for
an area of this population. At the present time 90i0Volumes are held in the regional system, or .80 voluftes pet capt The Gainesville Public Library with approximately 78,000 volumes holds .86 books per capita served. These figures do not compa .re favorably'vith the established standards of 2.5 books per capita and indicates that the system i's achieving 32% of the standards. The headquarters facility is meeting 27% of the standards. That the library is defi-' cient in this area i s obvious, yet procurement of the volume necessary to meet the standards is severly inhibited by space limitations and budget restrictions.
With regard to funding the PLA standards call for
$5.00 per Capita for regional systems. 1973-74 budget expenditures amounted to $4.37 per capita. Raising this figure to $5.00 per cap ta would add $75,600 to the library budget using 1973 pplation figures.
The provision of the level of library serribtos necessary to meet the needs and demands of the 1990 population% must be preceded by bringing the current facilities jii services up to standard. The following plan iJ*s', -th'rCfeI presented .
Table 1 in the introduction to this report shows a profedsted population figure for Alachua County for 19:90 of 185 ,400-people, with 155,736 people living in the urbhftised_*area' of Gainesville. By FLA standards the systeA as a Whole'should have 1,11,240 square feet of ,floor spaces distributed among the central facilities and branch l-ibraries. ,The following distribution pattern is redtammended:
Giesill obli i br'arv. As headquarters for the
$ aa Fe Regional Library system, this facility should house
*,bulk of the volumes in the system's book c collection, As ift11 as have sufficient space to service several bookmobilesanad carry out a Atmber and variety of library sponsored proogOans. 'To mtet the 1990' needs of the urban area and the zoufity population, it is recommended that this central facility be'augmente4 by four branches located within the GainesY~l rban Areia, each with 2,400 3,500 square feet of floo
-opaee. 'Tho lociation-of these branches s hould be determined A*** by-cIrculartion0 figure's .md trends as indicated by
M egVIce It should be noted, however, that at
a branch library of appkoximately 2,400 square
t Aqproposed and considered for location in the )$ Ot!i ghbothood -Center. This concept could apply
1'to0 other dommunity centers, sud'h as-a
kdafypnter. SIdii~rly,. current circulation
*b6M3obt 6*s iid-icati6 that Westside in the
ban Atea s e the ditbal'4mad-area. Con0t~maai 'AS that-the l~ibraries be located
ar",o-,tmum accessibility to which people come
often, a branch library near or at the Millbopper,$he ping Center would be logical.
With Westaide being the primary area of demand gag* with growth trending further west, a branch library wt tho s~g side of I-75 is considered a possibility forefutte Ovu94
sideration.. It: is recommended that this area be okta and bookmobile circulation figures be analyzed to detoxrmine whether a permanent branch will indeed be Justighable ad, if so, where it should be located.
With four branches within the urban area totaling between 10-14,000 square feet, the central facility must
still. be large enough to assure: adequate spee for its book collection and performance of library programs it is recommended that the Gainesville Public Library,
therefore, have 95,000 .square feet of floor space. In light of today's needs, it is recomened that a zne 1ibrary facility be constructed, located in the do,"town area, perhaps as a part of or adjacent to th@ dowutook
governmental buildings complex, with 60,000 square feet, of floor space., and the capability to expand by aim #a4ktional 35.,000 square feet, Expansion abould to ableso a take place eitherr vertically or horizontally, Twptharagg consideration of adequate parking space,, whiiv4* C N ft. facility lacks, should be made.
Hawthorne While the service population, of t g area does not justify additional squaare f9tg pkgg p
building,, the demand for service and additip* 0 444eg programs does warrant attention, .,,. ir
A 1,200 square foot addition to the existing structure is currently being planned toward the end of the current Six Year ton" Range Planning Period (1974-1980'). The existing building and site was designed to rea dily accomodate such an expansion to the rear of the building. A 3,000 square foot branch library building is projected for construction during -the first two year periods of the 1974-80 Long thnge Plan for service. This-is contingent-upon u,.nlocking State matching Construction funds- which have already been authorized by the Legislature but which are currently block& from release.
gIh Springs. The High Springs Friends of the Library
anid several civic organizations are engaged in a fund raising campaign so that a new library facility may be obtained. Following ALA standards established in Table 4. High Spring's should have a 3,000 square foot library facility in 1990, haod on population estimates.
A lbrary facility located in High Springs is :also
Or*#Mftel to provide service to the Alachua area. The High ox 's feitity should be designed to allow for future
14 f;0 that should there be sufficient demand,
*ti 4tsquare footage could be built, This should-bo,oaeWA44 Ait et~rhative to construction of branch
op Micanopy is the only city other than Haw,kp VTU* 44 Ai Springs that has. a library facility now,
ais ssmll (440 square feet), with limited
C~gn oseration should be made of circulation
activity anid library use before any expanetoA, ftCOaD$4red.k The current facility should meet the space peeds of t4w,. community through 1.99:0 unless a populatitp surge take# place or the demand for library services signif icanLtly, *ncreases.,,
Alachua.. Alachua is growing at a rate that is projecra~dj to bring that c ity's population above that of High Oprkagp by, 1990, and there is some sentiment in the cosanity to obtat a library facility. It is recommended that a branch 14ibr~ary,. of 3,200 square feet be built here only after,there has been .shown sufficient demand for such a facility, such as would be indicated by circulation figures of the bookmobile and/or significant citizen's effort and support for a library. As with the three cities which now have amall branch libraries, citizen support and initiation of the project mnst be a pre-, requisite for obtaining a branch library.
eerry, aldo,, Archer andLagrosse. These cities are relatively small now and are not projected to grow a ggest deal between now and 1990. It is felt tnat theav.cities, abog$ rely upon the regional system's bookmobiles f9r library services, as these cities are not considered largeenghka economically support a permanent.1ibrary fAciltty, Nowpgges should such community support be prevalent and 4asml4 Ir- z brary facility established in any of these cities con qqqg should be given to joining the Santa Pe Regional Library systakt in order to benefit from the resources of that system.
The replacement of the older and smaller bookmobile with a-larger vehicle is recommended, along with the addition of a multi-purpose van to aid in book drop collection and branch library services. As the branch libraries within the Gainesville Urban Area are 'established, these bookmo ftbiles' should be able to provide weekly service to the outlying areit.as of the county. Until such time as the branch libraries within the urban area'are built, this-small van should continue to be used. The addition of the multi-purpose van and the large bookmobile should affect the distribution pattern of the mobile work load so that stops may be scheduled with greater frequency, approaching, if not achieving, weekly service.
-.7 Thte regional system should have 463,500 volumes in its $46k-eolledtioa to meet the standards for the projected '1990' ioP*tI~ em 94 ome up to the standards for the present.
t oA,202,000 additional volumes are needed, to bring
a6til1 bt the sgysten to 300, 000 volumes, or 2.5, volumeos
0~~ ) -hegtritktion patterns for' these voue
for lbrary f loor space within the system for 1990 are-
Table 7 P
DISTRIBUTION OF RESOURCESo 19900
GPL 396r615 95,000
GUA branches 40,000 10..000
Hawthqrn~.e 10,000* 3,000*
High Springs 10,000 3x10
Alachua 10,000 3v200
Micanopy 5 000 g
TOTAL 471,615. 115,300
As the table indicates, the.above distribution pattern will actually place the system, including all branches, slightly above the standards for book collection and library floor space in 1990.
It is ..recommended that in conJunction with a 69000 square foot centralized library facility, the size of the book-collkgetion within thaLt facility be raised from thepesn 0#: to 200,000 .volumes. Recognizing that thio is a isxq gointhe4< increase, it should be: pointed out that- vbex thi's evel ASs attained: an additional 1.96,000, will be neede@ before 19tebring: the, library u-p to standards. ,oRe
in order to Meet the FLA and ALA standards for personnel, the library system will have to have 93 staff members or full Akme equivalents by: 199:0. As noted in the FLA standards::
Professional librarians should serve as: head
librarians, assistant head librarians, superVisors of branch and bookmobile services, supervisors of adult, children, young adult and technical services.,' "subject reference specialist,
,readers advisors, branch librarians, and cataloquers'.
.,Funding for library services should be maintained at a le el sufficient to provide the number of services required I,:,as area of this population size. Certa inly the mi-niman le v hould be maintained at $5.00 per capita, :above and
-'b .dthieneast of new building construction and the con-A* 4,-6i0tese in volume holdings necessary to.. meet ,o&4 go -Wpy service.. It ,should be emphasized. that:
pay pita fgr was,-a minimum figure, established
"to the, FIprida Library Association,, deemed necessary
pow rksidp of library services, able to meet the estaba~atTa atlation since 19,67 has 'probably increased
nonsual4bilravandthis should be taken into
The Public- Safety segment of the Community Facilities
Plan will deal specifically with the fire proteotaystems: in the county, emergency rescue and emergency medical service, law enforcement and bikevay systems. The emphasis will be placed on defining existing standards for operation witkin these respective areas and assessing the needs of the county population through the year 1990.
Fire Protection Facilities
The provision of fire protection facilities and services is often taken for granted by citizens, as the highly visible fire stations and fire engines serve to confirm their belief that they enjoy adequate fire protection. Such, however,, is, not always the case, as this study will point out. Thereware several components to the total fire -protection syshmia which
are not as visibler:as, fire stations and fire engines# *eampaets such as the adequacy of the water supply and water distrib*uton
system theb adequacy of a communications network, of in00e4 the adequacy of manpower and equipment and their distrbutiie%4
These components are the backbone'of a annicipal rating
system establishedd by'. the Insurance service off ices:4AISON 4 which grades: municipalities on their ability to, promriap.adequ*te fire protection service to their residests.,,Thea reting~ashatn varies from one to ten, with one being highest rating &Ard te4
towns usually have ratings between six and eight. The
ratings for the respective cities in Alachua*County are provided in Table S.
The components of the fire protection system will be addressed in this study via the following guidelines:
1. Water systems, including supply, distribution:
and location of hydrants.
2. Communications, including alarms and alarm
systems, and a communication headquarters.
3. Fire stations, their location, equipment, and:
a manpower4. 1990 Plan, a summary of recommendations.
0' VAter System ...
Mbter supply may be considered one of the most critiAMILJagertan~t aspects of the fire protection system. Within
"tUU-coteitt, this segment of the study will focus upon three
moments of- water, supply:
1 Ag9459edf ire flow and the duration of the fire flowJw Ihe size a14.1Layout of water distribution lines;
$'.. thh Riptribution of fire hydrants and the-adequacy of-
The fire flow required for a given area is an estimate of the amount of water, expressed in gallons, per minute or flow, required to control a fire In the miiediate subject area. This figure varies acordingly to population,. structural conditions and density of building distribution.
The objective is to insure that water is delivered to fire hydrants in sufficient volume to provide thbe fire department pumping apparatus with the capability to reach and sustain the required fire flow.
T standards esitablished by the Insurance Services Offic are aedepted thrqughout most of the United States as the legitip at4a aids for performance measurements. There stnards a;0 twioh methods for determining fire flow:
a1t on -n Th eneral terms this method relies upon
bak onaeto determine f ipe flow requirements
q q perAs% community based upon the population of
ao~ ornament "abl 9 MllStratkes this te;Chnique, This
r4 has bdn considered inadequatsP in Pame capes and
Ad^(e 16 t k an ethek poiite of 4 buildings in
REQUIRED FIRE ttOW .r
Population qp ad oe
1,r000 1,000 1.44 4
1,F500 1,250 1.80 5
2r000 1,500 2.16 6
3,000 1,750 2.52 7
4,000 2,000 2.88&
5,000 2,250 3.24 9
6,000 2,500 ..3.60 10
101000 3,000 4.32 10
13, 00.0 3,v50:0 5.,04 10
17,000 4,000 5.76 10
22,000 4,500 6.48 10
27,000 5,000 7.20 10
33,000 5,50.0 7.92 10
40,000 6,000 8.64 10
aa55,000 7,000 10.08 10o
75r000 8,000 11.52 ,10
95,000 9,000 12.96 1,0
120,000 10,000 14.40 10
150,000 11,000 15.84 10
2:00,000 12,000 17.28 1
Over 200,000 population, 12,000 gpm, with 2,000 to 8,000 additional for a second fire, for a 10-hour duration.
From: STANDARD SCHEDULE FOR CITIES AND TOWW, OF THS ,
UNITED STATES WITH REFERENCES "TO THETA FERE DEFENSES AND PHYSICAL CONDITIONS (15es-YGadb
American Insuraoce Association .(Natin
Board of Fire Underwriters), 195'6 ed.)*
one another.,. in addition to population.,.
Structural Conditions -This method pertains primarily to residential. development, basing the fire flow upon structural materials and congestion of buildings. For commercial and industrial areas each building is considered individually. Items considered include number
of stories, floor area, construction materials, distance separating buildings, nature of occupancy, and utiliza-tion of private, :fire systems such as sprinklers, or actual
fire4 fighting equipment and personnel and residence.
The fire flow requirements, stated in gallons per minute,
ne ust be sustainable or over a period of time, expressed
in hours, in order .to.insure that'a fire may be controlled.
The fire flow requirements and duration requirements areAlso illustrated in Table 9.
W the exception of LaCrosse, each of the municipalitie-s in Alcu County have ,public w4Lter supply systems opera ted ...by
t i W~cities., in many cases, however, these systems
ora xt-ii&i$ of existing, systems, laid, in same cases, as
losIaoiffty ye Es ago. Exact knowledge of the location of,
410* *o'the -adhe O~f water mains is often lacking. The
zyppriy so the water supply system for each city is.
0 frowthe 1,974 Wateur and Sewer Development Plan.
-4lo enhi ti Maber system of Alachua consists of two
~Ojne at 3 54 gpmh, and the other at 600 gpm. Water is
$ ~)4prime tobg ud into the system. This system
includes one 60,000 and one 200,000 gallon elevated storage tank and a metered distribution system complaeandod4igmrotection apertinences.
Archer,- The existing water~f&Cilities for Archer CoOwSt-,bf a deep Well, a.35.0 qpm pump, a 75,00 gallon elevated sterhth tank, and a metered water distribution system complete with ttreftprotection apertinences in and along the built up areas of th* city.
Hawthorne The..existing water facilities include a distribution system# a 75,000 gallon elevated storage tank, and two vatdr supply wells. The main well has a rated capacity of 450 gges, and the second or standby well has a capacity of 350 gpn.
High_Springs The current water facilities include two watls, each rated at 425 gpm. Ground storage of treated water consists of a 44#000 gallon clear well, :and an elevated storage consisting of a 250,000 gallon elevated storage tank. 95M treated water is pumped into the metered distribution system which also contains fire protection apertinences.
Newherryg The current annicipal water system serves 468 connections. This system includes two wells, each with a rated capacity of 600 gpm, and an elevated Atorage'tatik Of 60,"000 gallon capacity. Each well has chl60inatioin fed 1 ies' Fire pVrotection and a metered distribution system are.9 a so vided.
Micancoggy -The existing water fadilities for Nia "hm 350 gpm water supply well, an elevated storage tanirof 7500 gallon capacity, and a metered distribution system.
Waldo '-The existing water facilities for Waldo consist of a
deep well, a 35.0 gpm pump with auxiliary drive, a 75,000 gallon elevated storage'tank, and a metered water distribution system
conisistoig of e ight inich, six inch, and smaller trasiio
mains and fire protection apertinences. .This system serves
most of the central core and possibly the central residential
area of the city.
GAinestille The water distribution system. consists of water mains from six inches to thirty inches in dia meter, and covers
a service area of approximately 35 square-miles. Elevated storage Of the system consists of a 500,000 gallon tank on
N.W. 5th Avenue, and a 100,0:00 elevated tank on N.W. 5th Avenue, and a 100,000 elevated tank on N.W. 16th Avenue. The distribu-thon system is metered.
Quoting again from the Water and Sewer Development Plan:
InAlchaCounty there are presently 140 privately
owned Utility system each serving 25:or more people.
orftilespe, 38 are trailer parks with privately owned water
sy ws ervingj 3.,500 people.., Another 18 systems sell
*wft., With, but a few exceptions, this water is untreated.
o o hege privately owned wa.'ter systems have what might
be.,considerpd imakginal f acilitiels., While most of these faviA~gsar Qapabl)e of meeting'average demands,, they are
Ot.4ayle of mee'ting'anticipated peak demands by 19910,
ar 0,4-equate-fire, protection. Most of these systems have
adkc -yp,facpilties Provided.
JPt i reqnd wherever feasible, for the Regional
U asSond to Provide service to these areas, and
1. Te alernaive-ropsals for the proviSion of a4**
quat waer uppl asnotd i the 1974 Wate a E ,4V
velomen Pln b cosidredby the respective citite,, nd A
2. Public water syst-m be implemented to replace private wells as the primary source of water, particularly as~pertixpnt to fire protection services.
-66-a a Ailmm
NO, e r D 1,.41 r ution $y'sUls,
9d 11rlip 9sia Muffflfrkri 51-1J- 4 11-i 1-11
itt)nj evj!qrw1 qfiJ ffj -W aqrl jni
;:fsqx_1a ADze ni
DRE ej Fe-Ija alq1oaiaq 96J ao b5au 9d 11slia aniBm iapm6f ao
-ai JA an L91110 Oj ea-Zt ,+BAJ a5nll LIZ -to!
-The major-L ect the provision of a wat
OU3 ive in er d' tri[que 1B.UJUM -1qq0-,_q 703: aqDons DaCYID F-BVV3-]f button system is 17hca)c it meet the rec" nized standards for
fire-protection. Secondly, that water distribution lines be
layed as part of an overa'i-1 system which is desiqne4 with
consideration for future growth and urbanization.
UH qdJ 1 bqJoG ed b I uo;4 E
Jeya n0.U_1U-d1-1ff?ifD .91,5UP51US nL :! )Vrid -,,J D >finzlq a L -i o ca zir i 6 o -A 5
vn1d5rzid 4hd yr-M aal6m -.To-4Mw 1-BrB Jsoppua ansiq qpnza-nnod
The ISO standards schedule, with referepcp I -to water
taqijinumr.o aofisma OAJ ac if4icZ9 -o flvasnIBO ff al JU0 Aaxns and the distribution system for residential areas,
sets forth the following standards;
J0BX_1 Ellfj 'r
Jbfl aj 86 -W ao
_J q!) ILZDi j -11a .15
Six inches is considered the minimum size pf
t6jjj!a -,L 10
96 T, 0 -2
RfTO 7% E 'Vr Orl' 1 S -1 OJMF b fl I BE nlnf'
pipe saUisl factory for hydrant supply in resi"dnal owJ.'P49aFio gilloa ril 'a3ri-ii -1a-EIBMA Yd 5qV,1_qa Pniad E
ealzx q oJsw yd bqvaea ?filed y11as-i-Mn azqas-oaed-:t
2 $.Vx inch and smaller mains supply in hydrqttp;
r, Z xia ABAJ
Ott oyod Oj bqjDaqxa ad i
Al-411 not be installed -ats dead-ins r ]. gpd
-vr LEB-. leslj,_, dw OaO1015 il bnz :aaq, DOZE _L Jn6abyrf
4s, ae.ad ins at service limit'
',Th0,qtid 4'minor-distributors supply in resi4entilal 415tricts shall consist of mains at
IqAst six inches in size arran
:A$t FdW ged so t-fi5 f-YHe--jonqths of the 1o"pr sides of blocks between Mall njo
Ls do t eXgUed hundred Vona a-11011d
anifun -10 qsia bnjB
V0 well ab4oa -Io nox1ZLYIJ5ve rr* IF rft -leblo
The following standards are noted for high value dixtrtotes
-t A .* I
In high value districts, the minimim size shall be eight inches with the intersecting mains in each street; twelvo Inch or larger mains shall be used on the principle streeto *iA for all lines that are not connected to other mains at intervals close enough for proper mutual support.
It should be noted that a high percentage of the RM
area has or is planned to have an adequate distribution systm. Long-range plans suggest that water mains may be branching out from Gainesville to each of the smaller comaunities.
in the smaller cities, the exact locationt and size
of water distribution lines is often not known,, except for six inches in diameter; however, portions of the cities are being served by smaller lines,, in cases,, two inches and four inches. It is, thereforev, questionable whether these areas currently being served by water mains smaller than six 'Inches in diameter can be expected to have.fire hydrants located there and, therefore whether all iaroas cam, receive adequate fire protection.
.. .. ... ...
Ef forts should be made to detersihe the exact
and size of all water mains within the smaller ci t' in order.that an evaluation of needs'.tor new or addiU, coal llxwW,
cah he made. Following such an evaluation, or when new pipe is layed, consideration should be gtven to future growth patterns so that future populations and development areas may have a water supply system adequate to meet fire protection needs.
1. Identification of location and size of water mains in each of the respective cities, specifically the smaller
2. Where existing linAes are less than .six inches,.
,,plans should be made for the installation of new lines of at least six inches in diameter
3. Consideration of trends of growth in development
or annegxation patterns should be incorporated in -any planning
process, for new or additional distribution l-ines.0
A. ffydrants shoVId-be- Able top deliver adequate amounts.:
Q ta t adeiq9A te pressures
C. Hydrants should be placed with co sideratiLon to their possible use, as reflected in hazagdone localities. The bydrants should be spaced so as to avoid excepaive hose,1eggths.
A. Hydrants should be able to deliver 250 gallons per
minute through each two and a half inch outlet with a pressure loss of not more than three-quarter pounds for two-ayp two and a quarter pounds for three-way; and four pounds for fourway hydrants, in a total loss of five pounds between street mains and the outlets. In addition to two and a half inch' outlets, hydrants should also have a large suction connection. Hydrants must be of such design that if the hydrant barrel is broken off, the hydrant will remin closed. Street connections must not be less than six inches in diameter.
B. Hydrants shall conform to American Water Works Association Standard for Dry Barrel Fire Hydrants (MAM CS02). In mild climates well designed~wet-barrel hydrantsI may be used. Hydrants shall have at least two outlets;' one outlet shall be a pumper outlet and other outlets shall be at least 2 1/2-inch nominal size. Street connection shall be not less than six inches in diameter. Hose threads tn' outlets preferably should conform to National Standard dimensions.
C. Hydrants should not be distributed more than 300 to
400 feet from the buildings to be -protected.
D. One hydrant should be placed near each street ino"
STANDARD HYDRANT DISTRIBUTION
Fire Flow Average Area Approximate Distance
Reuied -per Hydrant, Between:-Hydraknts,
gpm1 square feet in feet*
1,000 or 160,000z 400
1,500 150,000 387
2,000 140,000 374
3,000 1.20,000 346
4,00 100,000 316
4,500 95,000 308
5,0090,.000 300 5,500 85,000o 292
6,000 80,000o 283
8500 75,000 274
**, 0,0 0 -"70,000 6265
1705 04 6!5,0 00 25 5
8 00-60,000 245
$<457, 500 240 $10 55,000 -235
14,0 4,5,000 212
1DO 40, 000 200
e or, ot
Three major reasons for establishing these standArds are given. First# hose lines greater than 400 to 50,0 foot long are inefficient and a source of delay. Second friction losses incurred by long hoses use up pressure available in hose lines at a rapid rate, reducing the water stream and Lt* effectiveftess.: Third, if hydrants are spaced SOD feet r more apart,, the::effective capacity of pumpers is reduced be-a cause of the.::higher pressure they must deliver. Table gives the approximate distances between hydrants and is determined by fire flow requirements.
Chapter: 13-6.1 of the Code of Ordinances of the City of Gainesville state the following-.
1. No portion of a bu ilding shall be more than
threehundred and fifty feet (350) from an approved
2. .:::::Tire hydrants shall belocated in such a
manner as to be readily accessible by fire engines, and in such manner that a fire hose may be-run from the fire hydrant to any portion of abuilding within
three.-hundred and fifty feet (350) of such fire hydrwk* *
3., No fire hydrant will be approved if any obstruction such as a fence, wall, canal, creek,
pool,, structure or any type of interference which is
situated between the fire hydrant and the improvemeato't
which are intended to be served with fire protect-on lying within three hundred and fifty feet (350) of a
The.Alachua County zoning regi4,1,ations, un4er thq t,*m dealing, with residentialdistrict"to"7 2
All R,2,. RZAtr R3 multiple family districtseoshall have operating fire hydrants located no farther than 500
feet from any building on the development plan.
'The Countty zoning regulations also indicate that hydrant spacing within trailer Parks will be at a one thousand foot
The spacing of hydrants in the smaller communities varits, as- indicated below:.
'Alachua -Hydrants are spaced approximately every 300
feet within the City limits. Hydrants are supplied by six inch and eight inch water
Archer- 1,000 feet is the maximum distance allowed
between hydrants, according to City Codes.
The majority of water -mains supplying these
hydrants are six inches, with some eight
inch mains. Hydrant coverage extends to the
t W ~ flo e6ncde, specifications for hydrant spacing
Exists, although theE is one hydrant for o y blo ck with block,-; of varying lents Mot hy ~at ara served by six -inch water %1sy With o64e two inch stand-pipes in the
N 64bxe specificati"ons exist in High Springs &,Ayrtt re, Apaded relAtiveely ait random. A pattethr Of OVry 3,00 feet was established
understanding exists that hydrants should not be placed greater th*ikt 1,000 feet apart'.
Micanopy Spacing is every 400 to 500 feet along a six
inch water main that loops the city limits.
Two hydrants serve the downtown area, and
two inch stand-pipes are used throughout the
Newberry The city lizits are covered by hydrants spaced
approximately every 600 feet. Water mains are
predominantly six inches in diameter, with a
few smaller (four inch) lines in use.
Waldo The city limits are served by hydrants, although
the exact spacing is not known. Some six inch and some two inch water mains serve this area.
A distance of 1,000 feet between hydrants is conzlAeripd to be too far to allow fire companies to effectively sUPP'r*eas*fire1z. As noto-d earlier,, hose lengths greater than 400 to 500 foot-are a source of delay vihen laying, and the friction losses iAc,#rqd in lines that long over-burden the effective capacity of pmpers. In residential areas requiring a 2,000 gallon permlwuto fire flow, hydrants should he located every 380 to 400 feet. This i$ especially the case in the unincorporated areas of Me
The 1,000 foot maximum distance separating hydrants in trailer parks is, likewise considered too far. A trailer fire may last a relatively short. time, and reaching the fire and laying 500 feet of hose line may result in the loss of the traIlex.. With trailers becoming more popular, consideration ma## be gtwen to altering existing codes to insure the safety Of trie eiet.Reducing the distance between hydrants
in trailer parks to 400 feet and requiring trailer parks to have fire fighting equipment, such as portable extinguishers, in-residonce and predominantly marked, should enhance the fir e satfet~y of the areas..
Inithe smaller commnities consideration should be
gJiven-AD,'t spacing hydrants no greater than 500 feet apart, so. tha Agbuilding would be farther than 250 feet from a hydrant. Future growth should be Considered when planning hydrant lofiItdants should be -spaced so that any portion of
4,4,4bliti is no greater than 200 feet from a
tAt.e Hydrant spacing should be closer in
0" '44 ake districts and downtown CIBD's, in
4AE0PWd*04r ith established ISO standards.
Taller parks should have fire fighting equipment
aspidedWacet prominOantly located and marked.- This
pd@@AAShe11&consist of at least portable fire
3.Salr omntissol saeUK~ns44i et
aprtthoghutth it lmis
4.Cunycoe soldb atre o al-o bdass
to b s a e o r at r th n 40 ee p a tin
deta aesan ntrie prs
A sond nd rliale cmmuicatonsnetwrk n a~it I
comonnttoan freprtetin yse~. heco mrcaio
likiso riayimotnc ortereotngo iro n
th isacin fneesryeuimn adprsne t h
coretloaio. dqut mnpwro sppy II~ns an sphstcaedeqipen reoflitl ue itou_
2. Emergency Alarlm Box
3. Private:.Alarm System
O!des ,,tive s
The primary objective'o0f all alarm systems is that the
syatEnR provide -a quick-, ielia-ble -and ea sil1y, ac 6e ssible method 6of reporting 'fires.'
haUe 4eans of reporting f ires to the Fire Department should
towithiAU a few :'inutes of any person: within: the metro)okitsa area.
he pae at re x ,porting fires should be availbl 1e at all times9,
11p&AAd~s of reporting f ires should-be a's simple as possible
MId cOgtgioA as to the location of the fire and to avoid
Aggaschedgale indicates' the following standards:
S404bAtips of a 14tm boxes.
oebutbe visgible, from and within 500 f eet WA ny o hghvaluo, merchantile,.manu-
2. ubic lam oxe shal be accessible audlewnzasi
ous wih lghs ono cload to the boxese.3. Ideal, transmisso cables should be undergroup4w.
A. T elephone. The telephonis a rapid and convenient method of reporting fires and is als the method most readily acaeasthte to the general public and binesses. There are, nevertheless, some drawbacks to the nse o mtephon eas hssl so
reprtig ire wichinicaesthe need that the be cn"
lachua.County is no h first county Inth notimt
have the.911 emergency phn nmer system in operation Dntywide -(with the tempor ary ecpin of the Archer exchanget asituation which should be rmded shortly). This system
allows any citizen -to: be bztoc with an emergency communia
cations unit simply by dialn 911, significantly reduckag
time neee:.to. reorbfreo other amterg-ency by telephone*
Since thexnumber is small is easier toreek, gaes
less dialing time and is sipe enough for sape946present, there are two rece-vng units for this 911 eystea. Any 911. call. originated, in thGinesville, Urban Axoas, -or auff a 37-exchange is automatical routed to the quexgencyposi
cation headquarters at Fir- Sttion #1. Any 911 call originated
outside of .the Gainesville UbnArea is xogedbethebrif' Communications Headquarters-i the basement 45 .the ( matty -Court.hou se .~>< s
The use of telephones and the 911 system works well in
residential areas during all times of the day And night. However, this is not the case for high value districts, industrial
warehouses~and commercial office -building areas. At night, in these areas, there-are fewer people, if any, pres ent who coud d tppett at fire by phone. Furthermore',public telephones may not be available-within reasonable distance or at all."'Particelely i thse aeas asboxes. sh ould be provided.
Telephones may be of little benefit in low income residential areas where telephones may be unavailable to many resident$., In all areas, reliance upon telephones as the sole means of reporting fires could be hampered by broken lines or other
mechangj failures. it becomes apparent that the telephone is not: ifbout limitation and should be co lamented with other' alarm systems.
Unthetunately, in the smaller communiities the telephone 148 thos1q pol mans of -reporting a f ire. 'in each of these c84miMie@i a volunteer fire department responds to telephon e
4 ts.A telephone alarm usually comes in to City Hall or the 1! ista-tion, hre there is at least one person on duty at-all
timesw Pin thday.. in some aras there is a special telephone
ediby~hq several residence and/or businesses together, all
00, deh same phone number-. The fire chief usually
a ~ b samp_ o on t6 be available at one of these phones at
aX o at" a atak called in at any time will be re0 _1* 0 an-swered Prdmpt1j C-allingq Oneubrig all the
al miati~sto' this telephone alarm 'ystem. A t~~re-pa&ti-gL the -firi& Nist havb access to or knoiq
elda W b e41 ah Adt hybr a phone nearby to ,th receiver of the Cal1 must record the location
oftefr, e h iy iest nom h ne h fiecifAn h outeradinsmcgw,,tr to trcko die t hpel Sm ctesd hv
inte ounershme rplcs fbsies Woh a 1he insc anrta weoenme sclld 1Lvlber1 phnsrig owvr, hud ounerbeaaIfe hspu
attetm f naam o:Ms epndt h ien alti
cetalofcet fn heIcainofte ie adthnP
thr ssona osil.Tisicess h ie as e twenintatono te lawndth esone.Tir, b hih aueaea adcetalbuiea isrit(C )ar ltl'*
virualy nprtecedat igh o onweeens, nles epaat
prominantly located on telephone poles at major intersections and many streets within resident ial areas. Refer to Map 2.
As noted, these alarm boxes extend only to the city limits of Gainesville and.do not,,for instance, carry out into the urbanized, unincorp9rated areas of the Gainesville Urban Area. Consequently, a larqe proportion of the Gainesville Urban Area (approximately 28% of the population in the area) does not have the benefit of emergency alarm boxes.
Similar situations exist in the smaller cities. Although
the cost of widespread installation of these boxes and the appropriate Communications network may be cost prohibitive for these citiesi locatinq these boxes within these CBDIs and near industrial and reerchantile areas should be considered,
C,,,. Private Alarm Sy-ptems, Frequently, owners 'of large private
-properties and business concerns will install private, alarm SyStoms terminating at the local fire station or co mmunications ha4dqu4rters. Private companies may also offer to make avail4ble 'such monitoring services.
In the Gainesville Urban Area, 19 business establishments have private alarm systems terminating at and monitored by the
Fire Department headquarters. The Fire Department fiiMi shtre 'a cabinet for the equipment (at a minimal charge of
aid, zonito4 'the circuits for the respective businesses.
_0141ho 19 Alarmp nowbeing'monitored, most are for department 4,tox"" or larqe storage areas, as well as several hospitals. Vor
.0 ,,part, the existing alarm systems were installed in accordthe Cod0-of drdinances of the City of Gainesville, pur4ptftr 9 of thea Soathern Standard Building Code, which
3 PC ........ ....
..... . . .
2. Extent of Coverage by Emergency Alarm Boxes, Gainesville Urban Area
App oed automtic sprinkler equipment meeting the
reuiemnt of, ths Section shall be installed in build(1 asemnt or cellars with ceiling less than VVabov g-Vd hving floor-areas exceeding 2,500 sure fetwhe usd as workshops or for the manufacte., rear, sae r storage of combustible materials.
917- Comercal Garages
Appovd auomtic sprinkler systems shall be proved inte foloing garages:
11, nclose marking garages over 65 feet in height ,ai~ exe ng 3000 square feet per floor.
(2' epai gaages over one story in height, and
,,ecedn 10.00 sqare feet per floor, or located below
One st r pair garages exceeding 15,000 square
04, Bsemn -r sub-basement garages below other
owuparwie -ain capacity of more than three motor
mehcle orexcedig 5,000O square f eet in area..
k5) Garaes,,ued for the storage of commercial
_-_o~a;ad htvnganarea~exceeding 5,000 square feet.
Bus~~ grgsover two stories In height.
4 'd Upahy Sprinkler Requirements
PrQAP "B2 Bus iness-Mercantile
cAutmatip apringlar system shallI be pro4, ndsimilar occupancies where stocks of *4btia1a re cm display for public sale and
r*J1,o aa qgme@# ZQs990, squr feet.
(B) Group "D-2" Institutional
Approved automatic sprinkler systems shall be provided in.all convalescent or nursing homes t%#6 or vore
stories in ehight and having more than ten patients.
(C) Group."E-10 -,.,Large Assembly Occupancy
An approved automatic sprinkler system shall be
provided in Group E-1 Large Assembly Occupancies over
areas which could be used for the display, sale or storage or combustible materials when such display,
sale or storage floor area exceeds 20,000 square feet.
901.9 Supervisory Facilities
(a) The automatic sprinkler system shall, whenever
possible:, be provided with approved facilities to assure
that it is in proper operative condition, such as by
electrical connections to a continuously manned central
station or fire department headquarters to give automatic notice of any closed water supply valve or other
condition that might interfere with the operation of
the system; also notice of any flow of water in the system due to fire or other cause. Such facilities shall include provision for irmediate alarm to the
fire department in case of fire or suspected fire, and
appropriate immediate action to restore the sprinkler
system to operative condition in case of any impairment.
(b) Subject to the approval of the, authorities
concerned sprinkler supervision may also be provided
.by direct connection to fire departments, or in.the case of very large establishments to aprivate headquarters providi3g similar functions.
Alachua...Cqua y also subscribes to the Soutbern StAoftrd Building Code.
Outs'de of the Gain09ville Urban
alarm systems coAnected to or moxt!, pred bY 4WAP o#,.tb*,,V"bMt0er fire departments in the smaller dilaeg. H'awlieve ff :t#wwe Of* private enterprise on the county d6es, have its own fire promwtlliollw, crew, as well as a sprinkler sy'stex, .
In addition. to and: in :most cases, in conjunction with private alarm systems, sprinkler systems are used which are activated thermostatically or by noting the presence of
smok o d ta- s c rretly aVailable from the Fire Depart"to r any other-source as to how many buildi .ngs in the SOounty have sprinkler systems installed and operated, with the exception of the 19 business concerns who do have alarm systems monitored by the: Fire Department. Some sprinkler syntos are so desighed that a fire department pumper truck dan hook into the system from an external joint increasing the amount bof water flowing through the sprinkler heads.
4La I -An alarm system that uses. various reporting methods is totkiA s At is a parent that: no single method of reporting a isifalibethiat to single method -provides the degree
-, Ac*s hitity .;od reliability needed in a populiated area.
-fe*reporting methods should be employed, in an area
td R~ure that alarms may be received in time for the f ire6 dog0ro" to-,tespond and suppress the fir before damage
8 49Apa erty becomes extensive. Specifically:t
asthero should be a system of alarm e iedpeadinstallation may be cost 4b,%aly for the ssraller municipalities select-
High-value. districts; downtown area$# ShOPPIA9
center ., warehouse arei-6;
2. aesident-ital areas that average 15 or more porson&
-per acre and meet one or more of the following
a. where there is less than one telephone pex
four dwelling units;
b. high hazard neighJ=hoodsp because of the
type of construction and density, such as
wood frame buildings with two or more floors
which may house two or more familieal
3. Mobile home parks;
4. Along major arterial streets passing throughurbim
areas of 15 or more persons per acre; or major arterial streets where there is a high rate oft
At all interchanges of interstate And ,Jov4J exiwass.ways alarm call boxes could be 7ased to atlowtha :Pe,"tj
porting of accidents as well as fires. These C'GUAA
be located at traffic lights or access ramps for simple identification and location by the pubj;ko_ ,
Emergency alarm call boxes should.be.J oaatodator
near all public schools or iastit4,tians, Ipca*Od i*o 4r.,